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Southern Innovator Magazine Issue 2: Youth and Entrepreneurship

Southern Innovator Magazine Issue 2: Youth and Entrepreneurship

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Launched in May 2011, the new global magazine Southern Innovator is about the people across the global South shaping our new world, eradicating poverty and working towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

They are the innovators.

Issue 1 covered the theme of mobile phones and information technology. Issue 2 covers the theme of youth and entrepreneurship.

Follow the magazine on Twitter @SouthSouth1.

If you would like hard copies of the magazine for distribution, then please contact the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (www.southerninnovator.org).

Learn about the Global South-South Development Expo here: www.southsouthexpo.org.

Also contact us about opportunities to sponsor the magazine here: southerninnovator@yahoo.co.uk.

Editor-in-Chief: Cosmas Gitta
Managing Editor: Audette Bruce
Editor and Writer: David South
Copy Editor: Barbara Brewka
Web Design: Carina Figurasin
Design and Layout: Sólveig Rolfsdóttir
Illustrations: Sólveig Rolfsdóttir
ISSN 2227-0523
Launched in May 2011, the new global magazine Southern Innovator is about the people across the global South shaping our new world, eradicating poverty and working towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

They are the innovators.

Issue 1 covered the theme of mobile phones and information technology. Issue 2 covers the theme of youth and entrepreneurship.

Follow the magazine on Twitter @SouthSouth1.

If you would like hard copies of the magazine for distribution, then please contact the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (www.southerninnovator.org).

Learn about the Global South-South Development Expo here: www.southsouthexpo.org.

Also contact us about opportunities to sponsor the magazine here: southerninnovator@yahoo.co.uk.

Editor-in-Chief: Cosmas Gitta
Managing Editor: Audette Bruce
Editor and Writer: David South
Copy Editor: Barbara Brewka
Web Design: Carina Figurasin
Design and Layout: Sólveig Rolfsdóttir
Illustrations: Sólveig Rolfsdóttir
ISSN 2227-0523

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Published by: Southern Innovator Magazine on Sep 16, 2012
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Monaco

Estonia

Latvia

Lithuania

Mauritius

Belarus

R.F.

Djibouti

Central
AfricanRep.

Egypt

Sudan

Ethiopia

Kenya

Comoros

LiberiaCôte

D'ivoire

EquatorialGuinea

Gabon

Democratic
Republicof
theCongo

Angola
(Cabinda)

Rwanda
Burundi

Zambia

Angola

Namibia

Zimbabwe

Botswana

South
Africa

Swaziland

SaoTomeandPrincipe

Senegal

Guinea

Burkina
Faso

Nigeria

Mali

Algeria

Niger

Chad

Spain

Portugal

Poland

Gambia
Guinea-bissau

SierraLeone

CapeVerde

St.KittsandNevis

AntiguaandBarbuda

Dominica

Barbados

St.VincentandtheGrenadines

Grenada

TrinidadandTobago

Brazil

Uruguay

Colombia

Venezuela

Bolivia

Canada

UnitedStatesofAmerica

Mexico

Belize
Honduras

Guatemala
ElSalvador

Nicaragua

CostaRica

Panama

Cuba

Bahamas

TurksandCaicosIslands(U.K.)

Haiti

Jamaica

DominicanRepublic

Russian Federation

Kazakhstan

Mongolia

China

Saudi
Arabia

India

Philippines

Northern
Mariana
Islands(U.S.A.)
Guam(U.S.A.)

Indonesia

Christmas
(Austr.)
Cocos(Keeling)
Islands(Austr.)

Papua
NewGuinea

Australia

Chile

Argentina

Ecuador

CzechRep.

SlovakiaUkraine

Rep.ofMoldova

Hungary

Romania

Italy

Bulgaria

GreeceTurkey

Armenia

Kyrgyzstan

Tajikistan

Islamic
Rep.of
Iran

Iraq
JordanKuwait

Bahrain

UnitedArab
Emirates

Cyprus

Lebanon
Israel

Malta

Qatar

Libyan
Arab
Jamahiriya

Lesotho

Syrian
ArabRep.

Bangladesh

Cambodia

Jammuand
Kashmir*

Malaysia

Brunei
Darussalam

Singapore

VietNam

Republic
ofKorea

Dem.People's
Rep.ofKorea

Palau

FederatedStatesOfMicronesia

SriLanka

Chagos
Archipelago/
DiegoGarcia**

AgaledaIsland

RodrigesIsland

CargadosCarajosShoals

Réunion
(Fr.)

TromelinIsland

Maldives

1

1BosniaandHerzegovina
2Croatia
3Serbia
4Montenegro
5Slovenia
6TheformerYugoslavRepublicofMacedonia

2

3

5

4

Andorra

6

Georgia

Finland

Sweden

Iceland

Japan

Madagascar

Seychelles

UnitedRep.
ofTanzania

Mozambique

Malawi

Paraguay

Suriname

Guyana

Tunisia

Morocco

Peru

Mauritania

Ghana

Togo

Benin

Cameroon

CongoUganda

San
Marino

HolySee

Austria

Luxembourg

Albania

Switzerland

Liechtenstein

Belgium

Netherlands

Germany

Denmark

France

United
Kingdom

Ireland

Norway

Somalia

Eritrea

Yemen

Oman

Afghanistan

Pakistan

Uzbekistan

Azerbaijan

Turkmenistan

Nepal

Bhutan

Myanmar

LaoPeople's
Dem.Rep.

Thailand

Ascencion(U.K.)

TristanDaCunha(U.K.)

SouthGeorgia(U.K.)

FalklandIslands(Malvinas)(U.K.)***

Gough(U.K.)

St.Pierre
andMiquelon(Fr.)

Bermuda(U.K.)

French Guiana (Fr.)

St.Lucia

PuertoRico(U.S.A.)

Greenland
(Denmark)

Western
Sahara

TimorLeste

St.Helena(U.K.)

page48

page37

page 42

page38

Map No. 4170 Rev. 10 UNITED NATIONS May 2010
Map has been altered to fit page.

Department of Field Support
Cartographic Section

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used
on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance
by the United Nations.

*Dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control
in Jammu and Kashmir agreed upon by India and Pakistan.
The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been
agreed upon by the parties.

**Appears without prejudice to the question of sovereignty.

***A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

The initials in parentheses refer to the administering Power
or the Power involved in a special treaty relationship

Entrepreneurship

Introduction

While ideas about entrepreneurship vary widely from country to country and culture to culture, an economy that
makes space for entrepreneurship and has a sophisticated understanding of how it can work to raise national wealth
and meet development goals can reap huge benefits.

Entrepreneurship that is transparent and based on adding value to business activities or providing services and
goods that people need and want can be a great way to boost incomes and meet social and development goals.
Where existing methods and approaches are failing, entrepreneurs can break bad patterns and introduce new
ways of doing things.

The stories in this issue of Southern Innovator offer some good examples of how entrepreneurship can reduce
poverty and raise incomes in poor communities and countries. They also show that innovators are looking at
current economic activities in new ways and in turn increasing incomes. They are also picking up on big trends -
such as the move to urban areas or the rapid take-up of mobile phones - and seeing multiple business opportunities
arising from them. And, interestingly, many of these pioneering innovators are women.

The stand-out country in the global South over the past 10 years has been China. It is a country packed with en-
trepreneurs, where more than 500 million people were lifted out of poverty in just 30 years and China became the
world leader in South-South trade. Much of this has been the result of the hard work of entrepreneurs and business
pioneers. All of this business activity has also put the country on course to become the world’s largest economy.
So, read on and take another look at what entrepreneurs can do to help in reaching development goals.

31

Entrepreneurship

Quick Facts

• China’s spending on research and develop-
ment has risen an average of 20 per cent a
year since 1999.

• India’s knowledge-based industries were a
US $57 billion export industry in 2007.

• 98 per cent of small and medium-sized
enterprises in 14 African countries were using
mobile phones by 2006.

• Estimated amount to provide micro-lending
services to the world’s poor: US $50 billion to
US $60 billion.

• Growth of mobile phone usage per year in
Nigeria as of 2008: 25 per cent.

• Percentage of rural women market traders who
thought that mobile phones had a big impact on
their business: 95 per cent.

Made in Nigeria Works

Nigerian shoe and garment maker Fut Conceptus
has been taking raw Nigerian leather that
was once just sent overseas for export and
instead is turning out high-quality shoes and
bags made in Nigerian factories. These shoes
– made in African, Spanish and Italian styles -
meet international standards and are exported
around Africa. The company has also established
operations in Spain and the United Kingdom.

Started in 2008, the company got off to a good
start by seeking out the best expertise to train
its staff. Shoe-making experts from Spain were
brought in to do the training. The company also
imported top-quality machinery from Italy and
Spain to make sure that its operations were
modern and efficient.

Founder Olumide Wole-Madariola is proud of
the achievement. “Nobody was ready for what
we were doing… Nobody was ready for ‘Made in
Nigeria’”, he told the Wall Street Journal.

futconceptus.com
– (December 2011)

(PULS) or Pakistan Urban Link and
Support is an innovative mobile
phone-based service directly
connecting Pakistan’s employers
with employees, bypassing middle-
men and taking away the fee
charged to the unemployed using
existing employment services.
Southern Innovator interviewed its
founder, Asim Fayaz.

How will this service
economically benefit the
informal-sector workforce
and how will it be able to boost
their incomes?

Conventionally, the informal-
sector workforce has found
employment primarily through
personal connections. In cases
where that doesn’t work, they
approach employment agencies
and get enlisted. These
employment agencies, behaving
as middle-men, charge both
the employer and the employee
upon making a connection.
PULS removes the need for the
middle-man. Employees sign
up on this platform themselves.
Employers will only be charged
a very small amount if they wish
to contact a listed employee. If
the employee is actually hired,
PULS does not find out about
the transaction and does not
make anything off it.

And finally, what advice
would you have for others
trying to establish mobile
phone platforms and services
for low-income markets? What
should they consider before
starting a business/service?

Setting up the technology is
just one part of the picture.
You should identify a problem,
look at how it’s currently being
addressed, see how you can
improve, research on how its
being addressed in similar
circumstances elsewhere (in
our case, India works best),
design your solution with just
the main use cases addressed,
and aggressively roll out. You
should remember that you have
to make revenue at some point
but don’t let it be a hurdle in the
short term.

Asim Fayaz
Pakistan Urban Link and
Support, or PULS puls.pk
Curator
TEDxLahore
Website: tedxlahore.com
Twitter: @TEDxLahore

Cities Are Where
the Action Is

At the start of the 21st century,
the world is undergoing a
massive shift away from rural
areas to cities. It is entering a
new urban age and will need
entrepreneurs, innovators
and pioneers to make this an
opportunity to improve the
human condition rather than
to make it worse. It will be up to
the people of the global South
to determine what future lays
ahead.

95% global population growth
in cities (2010-2020)

Source: UN-HABITAT

82.5% global population growth
in cities located in developing
countries (2010-2020)

75% of world population living
in cities by 2050

Source: The Urban Age Project

Madagascar: Gourmet Chocolate

On the African island of Madagascar, a company is trying to reverse
the practice of exporting Africa’s cocoa beans for manufacturing
into products. Madecasse Chocolate LLC. is a collaboration
between American entrepreneur Tim McCollum and Madagascan
chocolatier Shahin Cassam Chenai. The company is making a
range of chocolate and vanilla products for US supermarkets.

madecasse.com
– (December 2011)

Q&A

US $57

BILLION

Photo Credit: Madécasse Chocolate Co.

32

Spring 2012 Southern Innovator

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