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Chapter 5 for Students.345205220

Chapter 5 for Students.345205220

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Chapter 5: Organizational Structure and Culture

1. Organizational design is the process in which managers change or develop an organization's structure. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5.1

2. There are four basic elements in organizational structure. Answer: True False
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5.1

3. The original ideas about organizational design formulated by Fayol and Weber are now largely obsolete. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5.1

4. When work specialization originally began to be implemented early in the twentieth century, employee productivity initially rose. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 151 Objective: 5.1

5. Today, most managers see work specialization as a source of ever-increasing productivity. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 151 Objective: 5.1

6. The advantage of work specialization is that it tends to result in high employee motivation and high productivity. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 151 Objective: 5.1

7. Departmentalization is a how jobs are grouped. Answer: True False
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.1

8. Staff authority is the ability to direct the work of any employee who does not have a higher rank in the organization. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.1

9. Grouping jobs on the basis of major product areas is termed customer departmentalization. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.1

10. Line authority can be exerted only after a manager checks with his or her superior. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5.1

11. Unity of command prevents an employee from trying to follow two conflicting commands at once. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 155 Objective: 5.1

12. Power is a right that a manager has when he or she has a higher rank in an organization. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 156 Objective: 5.1

13. When decisions tend to be made at lower levels in an organization, the organization is said to be centralized. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 158 Objective: 5.1

14. Traditional organizations are structured in a pyramid, with the power and authority located in the pyramid's broad base. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 159 Objective: 5.1

15. The two prevalent organization structure models in today's world are the organic organization and the inorganic organization. Answer: True False
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.2

16. A mechanistic organization is bureaucratic and hierarchical. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.2

17. An organic organization tends to be flexible and have few formal rules. Answer: True False
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.2

and tight controls of a mechanistic structure rather than an organic structure. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. A strength of a functional structure is that it avoids duplication. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 161 Objective: 5. In a team structure. Joan Woodward attempted to view organizational structure from a technological perspective. The stability of a mechanistic structure seems to work best in today's dynamic and uncertain business environment. Answer: True False Diff: 3 Page Ref: 161-162 Objective: 5.18. stability.2 23.3 24. Innovators need the efficiency.2 20. team members are not held responsible for their decisions. Woodward concluded that mass production worked best with an organic organization structure. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5.2 21.3 25. The relationship between organizational size and structure tends to be linear. A weakness of the divisional structure is that duplication tends to occur. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 163 Objective: 5. Answer: True False . Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. The strength of a simple system is that everything depends on a single person.3 26.2 19.2 22.

Employees in an organization with a matrix design can have two bosses for the same job. . A significant advantage of the matrix structure is the clear chain of command from top to bottom of the organization. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5.3 34. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 166 Objective: 5.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. When an employee in a project structure finishes a project. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 166 Objective: 5.3 28.3 33. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5.3 32. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5.3 29. A virtual organization relies on freelancers who have no permanent status or position in the organization. he goes back to his original department. When an employee in a matrix structure finishes a project. she goes back to her functional department. Managers want to eliminate boundaries in organizations primarily to increase stability and reduce flexibility.3 27.3 35. Vertical boundaries separate employees by their rank in an organization. Horizontal boundaries separate employees by the amount of power they have in an organization. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 166 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5.3 31.3 30. In a team structure there is a clear line of managerial authority from top to bottom.

An organization's founder has little influence on its culture. All learning organizations share a distinct structure. A virtual organization may disintegrate after it finishes its task. Horizontal boundaries separate employees by the specialization of their job.Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 171 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 172 Objective: 5.3 36. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 172 Objective: 5. Answer: True False Diff: 3 Page Ref: 173 Objective: 5.3 37.4 42. Organizational design requires a manager to ________.4 43. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 169 Objective: 5. A company's organizational culture refers to a system of shared political beliefs. Answer: True False Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5.4 41. A) change or develop the structure of an organization B) change the culture of an organization C) organize groups within an organization D) change the logo of an organization Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 150 . Strong organizational culture can eliminate the need for rules and bylaws.3 38.4 40. Employees learn organizational culture by reading official organization documents and histories.3 39.

Which of the following are NOT basic elements of organizational structure? A) work specialization. Which statement accurately defines work specialization? A) Work specialization clarifies who reports to whom. span of control B) departmentalization.Objective: 5. A) determine goals for the organization B) determine rules for employee behavior C) decide how specialized jobs should be D) determine the level at which decisions are made Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5.1 47. decentralization D) chain of command. formalization C) centralization. Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5. D) Jobs are ranked relative only to their worth or value to the businesses. A) an immoral way to coerce workers into greater productivity B) a good way to increase employee morale C) a source of innovation D) a reliable way to increase productivity Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 151 Objective: 5.1 46. C) It is the degree to which tasks are grouped together. B) Individual employees specialize in doing part of an activity rather than the entire activity.1 45. Early supporters of work specialization saw it as ________. Which of the following is synonymous with work specialization? A) job preference B) division of labor C) job discrimination D) chain of command Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5. line authority Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5.1 .1 44.1 48. All of the following are part of the process of organizational design EXCEPT ________.

D) All tasks are performed by all employees.1 50. A soap company that features a bath soap department. Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 151 Objective: 5. managers favor this approach instead of work specialization. A) huge and permanent productivity gains B) better communication among employees C) bored workers with low morale D) higher profits and better employee morale Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 151 Objective: 5. What kind of departmentalization would be in place in a government agency in which there are separate .1 54. Today. A) products or services they manufacture or produce B) type of customer they serve C) tasks they perform D) territories they serve Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.1 53. Functional departmentalization groups jobs by ________.1 51. ________ departmentalization is based on territory or the physical location of employees or customers. and a dish soap department is using which of the following? A) customer departmentalization B) process departmentalization C) functional departmentalization D) product departmentalization Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.1 52. B) Partners switch jobs every half hour.49. C) Monotonous tasks are shared by all employees. Early users of work specialization early in the twentieth century found that the practice ultimately resulted in ________. A) Employees perform a broad range of tasks. a laundry detergent department. A) Matrix B) Geographic C) Functional D) Product Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.

The line of authority that extends from the upper levels of management to the lowest levels of the organization is termed the ________.1 59.1 56. and the disabled? A) geographic B) customer C) outcome D) product Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5. A) command respect B) obey orders C) give orders D) reprimand employees Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5.1 58. employed workers. unemployed workers.1 55. State motor vehicle offices usually use this kind of departmentalization. A) process B) functional C) product D) customer Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 152 Objective: 5.departm ents that provide services for employers. A) has special privileges . each person above you ________. Authority gives an individual the right to do this. In the chain of command. A) How do I know when the task is complete? B) Who reports to whom? C) What are the rules? D) Where do I go for help? Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5. A) chain of command B) chain of responsibility C) unity of command D) staff authority Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 153 Objective: 5.1 57. The chain of command answers this question.

A) any employee in the firm B) only subordinates one level down C) any subordinate.1 60.1 61. A) Unity of command B) Staff authority C) Line authority D) Chain of command Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5.1 63.1 62. The importance of unity of command has diminished in today's workplace because of its tendency to be ________.1 64. A) ethically questionable B) inflexible C) chauvinistic and dictatorial D) too decisive Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 155 Objective: 5. B) Authority is a right. Staff managers have authority over ________. . after consulting with the next higher level D) any subordinate Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5.B) has no right to give you orders C) receives higher pay D) has line authority Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5. C) Power is a right. Line authority gives a manager the ability to direct the work of ________. Which of the following statements is true? A) Both power and authority are rights. ________ prevents a single employee from getting conflicting orders from two different superiors. A) middle managers B) the person above them in the chain of command C) special support employees only D) line managers Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 154 Objective: 5.

1 67. Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 156 Objective: 5. power is based on ________. authority is based on ________.D) Authority is one's ability to influence decisions. D) Power is determined by horizontal position in an organization. The personal secretary of a top manager may have ________. B) Power is a type of authority. ________ is the obligation or expectation to perform a duty.1 . As represented in a hierarchical organization diagram.1 66. C) Authority is a type of power.1 68. A) Span of control B) Chain of command C) Unity of command D) Responsibility Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 156 Objective: 5. Which of the following statements is true? A) Authority and power are identical. A) power and authority B) power but not authority C) line authority but not staff authority D) authority but not power Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5.1 65.1 69. As represented in a power cone. A) vertical position and distance from the center B) vertical position only C) horizontal position only D) distance from the center only Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 156-157 Objective: 5. A) horizontal position only B) horizontal and vertical position C) distance from the center only D) vertical position only Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 156-157 Objective: 5. Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 156 Objective: 5.

1 72. A) Expert power B) Reward power C) Referent power D) Coercive power Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5. A) Referent power B) Reward power C) Expert power D) Legitimate power Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5. A) expert power B) reward power C) coercive power D) referent power Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5. A construction site supervisor who sees an impending thunderstorm and tells workers to go home is demonstrating ________.1 74.1 . Your firm's attorney has ________ power when giving legal advice. ________ is the power that arises when a person is close to another person who has great power and authority. A) expert B) legitimate C) coercive D) status Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5. A) responsibility B) staff delegation C) provisional accountability D) line authority Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5.1 71.70. ________ is the power that rests on the leader's ability to punish or control. A bank manager who passes out bonuses at the end of the year is exercising this.1 73.

A) seven or eight B) nine or ten C) three or four D) five or six Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 158 Objective: 5.75. ________ reflects the degree to which decision making is distributed through out the hierarchy rather than concentrated at the top.1 76. The traditional view holds that managers should not directly supervise more than ________ subordinates.1 .1 79. A) eliminate their span of control B) decrease their span of control C) increase their span of control D) fluctuate their span of control Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 159 Objective: 5. well-trained. When a top manager decides to hire an individual over the objections of her staff she is exercising which kind of power? A) coercive B) referent C) legitimate D) expert Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 157 Objective: 5. and motivated.1 78. Modern managers find that they can ________ if their employees are experienced. A) a largely decentralized B) an absolutely decentralized C) an absolutely centralized D) a largely centralized Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 159 Objective: 5. A traditional "top down" organization is ________ organization.1 77. A) Centralization B) Decentralization C) Span of Control D) Concentration Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 159 Objective: 5.

A(n) ________ organization has a high degree of specialization. Today's managers are moving away from formalization and trying to be this. and centralization.1 81. .1 83. In today's decentralized business world.1 82. Today's managers expect employees to ________. organizations have become more ________ to be responsive to a dynamic business environment. A) more rigorous B) more strict C) less permissive D) more flexible Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5. A) decentralized B) mechanistic C) structured D) centralized Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 159 Objective: 5. formalization.1 85.80. A) nonmanagerial employees B) top managers still primarily make C) lower-level managers D) middle managers make Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 159 Objective: 5. ________ the most important strategic decisions. In recent years.1 84. A) ignore rules for the most part B) use discretion when it comes to following rules C) make their own rules D) faithfully follow rules even when it may harm the organization Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5. All of the following are characteristics of a highly formalized organization EXCEPT ________. A) minimum number of rules B) a standardized way of doing things C) little discretion for employees D) explicit job descriptions Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.

2 89. A(n) ________ organization is able to change rapidly as needs require. size.2 88. Which of the following would likely be found in mechanistic organizations? A) empowered employees B) wide span of control C) standardized jobs D) decentralized responsibility Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.2 87. A) hierarchical B) organic C) vertical D) mechanistic Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5. Strategy. Which term best describes an organic organization? A) pyramid-shaped B) hierarchical C) fixed D) flexible Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5. technology. Which word best characterizes a mechanistic organization? A) informal B) hierarchical C) collaborative D) adaptable Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.2 86. A) control factors B) contingency variables .2 90. and the degree of uncertainty in the environment together make up what are called ________.A) learning B) organic C) horizontal D) mechanistic Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 160 Objective: 5.

2 93. Larger organizations tend to have ________ than smaller organizations. A) success of an organization B) size of an organization C) structure of an organization D) culture of an organization Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 161 Objective: 5.2 95.000 employees. Together. contingency variables determine the ________.2 94. A company that is pursuing a cost leadership strategy would be most likely to have this kind of structure.2 91.C) structure variables D) probable factors Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 161 Objective: 5. A) mechanistic B) matrix-project C) virtual D) team Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 161 Objective: 5. A) less centralization B) more specialization C) fewer rules and regulations D) less departmentalization Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 161-162 Objective: 5. A) organic B) informal C) mechanistic .2 92. it finds it hard to avoid becoming more ________. As an organization grows to a size of over 2. A) organic B) functional C) simple D) mechanistic Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 161 Objective: 5. A company that is trying to be a leader in innovation within its industry would be most likely to have this kind of structure.

Woodward concluded that a mechanistic structure worked best for a firm that used ________.2 97. this type of production combined high vertical differentiation and low horizontal differentiation.2 100. A) unit production B) process production C) quality production D) mass production Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. Woodward found that if horizontal differentiation in an organization was low.2 98. the more an organization needs to become ________. In Woodward's study. A) technology B) values C) ethics D) corporate culture Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5.D) adaptable Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. A) organic B) mechanistic C) high-tech D) stable Answer: .2 99. A) mass production B) process production C) technological production D) unit production Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5.2 96. The greater the environmental uncertainty. Joan Woodward conducted pioneering studies on how this affected the structure of companies. A) mechanistic B) organic C) traditional D) inorganic Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. this structure worked best.

fast.2 101. and divisional structures C) simple.3 . Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 163 Objective: 5.3 104. Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 163 Objective: 5.3 105.2 102. but ________ like an organic organization. functional. divisional. Traditional organizational designs tend to be more mechanistic and include ________. B) Functional specialists become insulated and have little understanding of what other units are doing. D) Accountability is clear. C) Pursuit of functional goals can cause managers to lose sight of what is best for the overall organization. A) become lean. decentralized Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 163 Objective: 5. formal D) informal. A simple structure is ________ like a mechanistic organization. C) Power and authority are widely distributed. and flexible B) become more hierarchical C) think locally D) build up enormous cash reserves Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 162 Objective: 5. informal C) centralized.3 103. A) functional. and dysfunctional structures Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 163 Objective: 5. formal B) centralized. and divisional structures D) simple. functional. What is a strength of a simple structure? A) Employees are grouped with others who have similar tasks. and vertical structures B) simple. What is a weakness of a simple structure? A) Reliance on a single person is risky. D) Duplication of activities and resources increases costs and reduces efficiency. B) There are cost-saving advantages from specialization. complex. Global competition forces firms to ________. A) decentralized.

A) simple B) divisional C) functional D) matrix Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5.3 109.3 108.106. This is a weakness of a functional structure. A) favoring functional goals over organizational goals B) favoring organizational goals over functional goals C) overemphasizing organizational goals D) failing to attain functional goals Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5. and print journalism is most likely a ________ structure. A media company that has separate. Internet. Avoiding redundancy is a strength of which structure? A) functional B) simple C) divisional D) corporate Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5. Having separate payroll departments in each division of a divisional structure is an example of which of the following? . In a ________ structure each business unit has complete autonomy to reach its goals. TV. This is a key characteristic in an organization with a functional structure.3 110.3 111. A) functional B) matrix C) simple D) divisional Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5. A) little specialization B) adaptability C) departmentalization D) flexibility Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 163-164 Objective: 5. autonomous companies for movies.3 107.

3 116. In a team structure. because separate payroll departments can share methods of operation Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5.3 115. A) decentralized B) informal C) bureaucratic D) relaxed Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 150 Objective: 5. Looking for ways to make their organization more flexible and innovative. A) make decisions and are accountable for their decisions B) are subject to decisions made by their supervisors C) can influence decisions made by top managers D) make decisions only after first checking with management Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. because a single payroll department could do the job B) efficiency. because separate payroll departments create jobs D) efficiency.A) duplication.3 113. team members ________. ________. As the number of employees in an organization grows.3 112. A) team members with cross-functional skills B) well-trained team members . structure tends to become more ________. A) simple B) team C) divisional D) functional Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5. All of the following are necessary for successful team structure EXCEPT ________. today's managers may choose this kind of structure. A) no one has the authority to make decisions B) there is a clear line of managerial authority C) authority comes from top managers only D) there is no clear line of managerial authority Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 164 Objective: 5. because payroll departments compete C) effectiveness. In a team structure.3 114.

3 120. A) decentralization B) chain of command C) unity of command D) span of management Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. so they don't report to anyone. A) both a project manager and functional department head B) a functional department head only C) a project manager only D) Group members are fully autonomous in a matrix structure. employees are recruited from functional departments to work on a specific project for a limited time period. By giving employees two direct superiors. When a group member in a matrix structure finishes a project. A) matrix structure B) product structure C) team structure D) divisional structure Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. A) works on projects B) holds group members accountable .3 121.3 119. a matrix structure violates this key element of organizational design.3 117. Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. In a ________. a group member will typically report to ________.C) a fair and well-run team-based pay plan D) team members with years of management experience Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. In a matrix structure. A) starts looking for a new job B) enters a pool of available employees from the entire organization C) stays with the group to take on a new project D) returns to her functional department Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. she ________.3 118. A key difference between a team structure and a matrix structure is that a team structure ________ while a matrix structure does not.

when employees finish a project they ________. Boundaryless organizations try to eliminate ________ within their organization. A virtual organization is essentially ________ who come together for a particular project. A) return to their regular work B) return to a different division C) move on to another project D) return to their department Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 166 Objective: 5.3 124.3 123. a horizontal boundary exists between which of the following? A) the string section and the audience B) the conductor and the audience C) the string section and the horn section D) the string section and the conductor Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 166 Objective: 5. In an orchestra. In an orchestra.C) has fairly permanent groups or teams D) empowers group members Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 165 Objective: 5. A) a group of employees from a single company B) a team of employees from different departments of a company C) a group of free agents D) a group of top managers and CEOs Answer: .3 125. A) vertical hierarchy only B) horizontal specialization only C) horizontal specialization and vertical hierarchy D) vertical specialization only Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5. a vertical boundary exists between which of the following? A) the horn section and the percussion section B) the string section and the conductor C) the string section and the horn section D) the percussion section and the string section Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 166 Objective: 5.3 122.3 126. In a project structure.

Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5. A) encode information to prevent competitors from stealing ideas B) make all ideas public C) share information and collaborate with one another D) collaborate with competitors Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 169 Objective: 5.3 127. A) network organization B) boundary organization C) matrix structure D) virtual organization Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5.3 131. and change D) accept the conventional wisdom of the industry Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 169 Objective: 5. A) attract new employees who have special knowledge B) add new training programs to keep employees up to date C) continuously learn. A learning organization develops the capability to ________.3 129. How does a virtual organization save on costs? A) by eliminating all administrative duties B) by hiring people who specialize in what they do C) by hiring fewer people than they need and making them work much longer hours D) by keeping only a small permanent staff for administrative purposes only Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5. A learning organization requires employees to ________. adapt.3 128.3 . A building contractor follows the network organization model when he does which of the following? A) hires three workers to help with framing B) gives orders to workers C) does the framing and tiling by himself D) farms out the plumbing to a plumbing firm Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 167 Objective: 5.3 130. A ________ subcontracts part of a project out to outside suppliers.

4 135.4 134. Sony Corporation's focus on product innovation is an example of which of the following dimensions of organizational culture? A) member identity . A) skills B) motivation C) personality D) ability Answer: Diff: 1 Page Ref: 171 Objective: 5. Which of the following is NOT a common way in which corporate cultures are transmitted to employees? A) informal rituals B) symbols C) stories D) formal culture meetings Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 171 Objective: 5.132. A) managers who serve as facilitators B) a strong sense of community C) a collaborative environment D) fear of making mistakes Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 169 Objective: 5.4 136. All of the following are characteristic of learning organizations EXCEPT ________. A) a clear chain of command B) a stable structure or hierarchy C) a shared vision of the future D) complete privacy for employees Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 170 Objective: 5. Which of the following phrases best characterizes the culture of an organization? A) how things are done around here B) guidelines for where this organization is going C) our official code of conduct D) the most efficient way to do things Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 171 Objective: 5. The culture of an organization is analogous to the ________ of an individual.4 137. Organizational learning can't take place without ________.3 133.

whereas strong cultures are relatively rare. while weak cultures do not. C) Weak cultures are found in most successful organizations. C) rituals help initiate new employees into the culture D) rituals reinforce corporate values Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 173 Objective: 5. Which of the following is NOT considered to be a characteristic of organizational culture? A) aggressiveness and competitiveness B) attitudes about taking risks C) purchasing policies D) attention to detail Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 171 Objective: 5. Which of the following most accurately reflects the difference between strong cultures and weak cultures? A) Strong cultures tend to encourage employee innovation. A) rituals symbolize key ideas that are important in the culture B) rituals intimidate and silence critics of the corporate culture.4 141. All of the following show why corporate rituals can be valuable in a corporate culture EXCEPT ________.B) risk tolerance C) people focus D) conflict tolerance Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 171 Objective: 5. .4 140. The original source of an organization's culture usually reflects the vision and attitudes of ________.4 138.4 139. What does the story of 3M employee Art Fry inventing the Post-It Note to make church hymns communicate to 3M employees? A) that workers never stop working B) that church is important C) that workers need to take a day off D) that creativity is important Answer: Diff: 3 Page Ref: 172 Objective: 5.4 142. A) contemporaries who are admired by the organization B) the organization's founders C) the current president or CEO of the organization D) the organization's original employees Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 172 Objective: 5. B) Strong cultures have less of an influence on employee behavior than do weak cultures.

D) Company values are more deeply held and widely shared in strong cultures than in weak cultures. Answer: Diff: 2 Page Ref: 173 Objective: 5.4 .

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