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Solar Cooling - Patent Landscape Report

Solar Cooling - Patent Landscape Report

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This report provides a general overview of existing solar cooling technologies and potential fields of application. The definition of solar cooling was not limited to technologies using solar radiation for air-conditioning of buildings. Other applications, important for developing countries, such as cooling of water, refrigeration of sensitive goods, such as medicines, or desalination of seawater, were also included.
This report provides a general overview of existing solar cooling technologies and potential fields of application. The definition of solar cooling was not limited to technologies using solar radiation for air-conditioning of buildings. Other applications, important for developing countries, such as cooling of water, refrigeration of sensitive goods, such as medicines, or desalination of seawater, were also included.

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01/08/2016

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The term ‘solar cooling’ refers to devices and processes that use solar energy for cooling. Solar
cooling systems have the advantage of using predominantly non-toxic and environmentally
sound working fluids such as water or salt solution, and can be used as stand-alone systems.
Solar cooling systems are in many cases able to simultaneously generate refrigeration and save
conventional energy. Cooling can be provided by both active and passive systems.3

The

capacity of solar cooling devices is generally at its peak when insolation, i.e. solar irradiation, is
highest. Accordingly, solar cooling devices can ideally meet the needs of countries in sunny
regions where the demand for cooling is generally high around noon.

The report aims to provide a general overview of existing solar cooling technologies and
potential fields of application. Accordingly, the search for solar cooling devices and processes
will not be limited to technologies using solar radiation for air-conditioning of buildings. Other
applications such as cooling of water, refrigeration of sensitive goods, e.g. medicaments, food
or desalination of seawater will also be included.

At least four different established techniques are used to realize solar cooling: vapour
compression, sorption-based cooling (including absorption and adsorption chilling), evaporative
cooling and solar ejector cooling.

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