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Di Buat Oleh :

- Abdul Rahman Halim - Alfi Rahmah Santika - Amalia Hajar D.E. - Anis Fitriyah - Annisah Maharinda - Muhammad Fiqhi Ibad - Muhammad Rizqi Alfian - Nanda Pradana - Muhammad Fatkhul Arifian - Nandini candrika - Zumrotul Ulya - Yuli Lestari - Razan Miqdad Afifi - Azizah Ardyanti Putri - Azizah Handayani - Elma Elviana - Dimas Fasihatin - Inge Nindiana Irawan - Muhimmatus Syarifah - Veronika Prastiwi - Tika Aprilia - Muhammad Ainul Yaqin - Clarin Puspa - Devi Ratna Safitri - Asri Lindung Sari - Muhammad Tulus Subakti

SMA NAHDLATUL ULAMA 1 GRESIK

TAPEL 2010 - 2011

ALAT OPTIK

1. Rani who suffer from nearsightedness has a focal point 50 cm. If you want to read with normal spacing (25 cm), then what is the point nearby?

Diketahui : s = 25 cm f = 50 cm Ditanyakan: s’ = ... ? Jawab :

1

=

1

+

1 ′

1 1 1 = + 50 25 ′ 1 1 1 = − ′ 25 50 1 2 1 = − ′ 50 50 s’ = 50cm = 0,5m

2. In experiments on optics, John uses convex lens that focuses 25 cm. In front of the lens is placed objects whose height 3 cm at a distance of 30 cm. Specify: a. shadow distance to the lens, b. magnification image, c. high shadow?

Completion

f = + 25 cm (cembung) S = 30 cm dan h = 3 cm a. Jarak bayangan ke lensa S’ memenuhi:

1

=

1

+

1 ′

**1 1 1 = + 25 30 ′ 1 1 1 6−5 1 = − = = ′ 25 30 150 150 Berarti S = 150 cm b. Perbesaran bayangan sebesar :
**

M= ′ = 150 = 5x(nyata) 30

c. Tinggi bayangan benda sebesar: M= h’=M.h = 5 . 3 = 15cm ℎ′ ℎ

**SUHU DAN KALOR
**

KD 4.1 • The result of water temperature measurements using the thermometer scale Celsius is 40 º C. Determine

the number that is shown if the water temperature was measured with a thermometer Kelvin scale!

Answer: Diket : C = 40º C 100 40 = 100 K = ̶ 273 – 40 = ̶ 313ºK • When the ice is melting, the thermometer scale showed the 20 º X X and while it is boiling, the

thermometer scale showed the 140 º X X. This situation was measured at 1 atmosphere air pressure. Find The relationship between scale C and scale X Thermometer scale of C, if the thermometer scale showed 80 º X X!

=

− 273 100 − 273 100

Answer: Diket : Pembagian skala X = (140-20) skala = 120 skala C : X = 100 : 120 = 5 : 6 a. Hubungan skala C dan X. − 20 = 5 6 b. 80 ºX = ... ºC (80 − 20) = 5 6 60 × 5 = = 50° 6 Jadi, skala C menunjukkan angka 50ºC • If the scale Fahrenheit thermometer showed a temperature of 50 º F. Find the scale indicated by the

Celsius and Kelvin!

Answer: Diket : F = 50ºF − 32 = 180 100 = × 100 = C = 10ºC

140(3 )3 = 113.side 50 cm and temperature 30 º C.00765) = 113.04 mm3 {1 + (51 .90 mm3 .00765)mm3 Vt = 113.04 mm3 Sehingga didapatkan Vt = 113. α = 17 . 10-6 ºC-1) ∆ = (170 -20) ºC = 150 ºC o = 3 = (3.04 (1 + 0. determine the aluminum square area if the temperature is raised to 150 º C! Answer: − 32 = 180 100 = = C = 10 ºC − 32 = 180 = 10 = K – 273 10 + 273 = K K = 283 ºK • A bullet-shaped ball made of copper with a radius of 3 mm at a temperature of 20 º C. T1 = 170 ºC Vt = Vo (1+γ∆T) dengan γ = 3α = (51 . 10-6 º C-1. 10-6 º C-1.− 32 = 180 = × 100 = 10 = − 273 100 − 273 − 273 10 + 273 = K K = 283 ºK • A rectangular aluminum plate with the long side . 10-6 ºC-1 To = 20 ºC. determine the volume of bullets if heated to 170 º C! − 273 100 Answer: Diket ro = 3mm. If the length expansion coefficient of copper 17. 10-6 ºC-1-(150 ºC)} = 113.04 (1. If the coefficient length of aluminum miaui 25.

calculate the volume occupied by gas! (1 atm = 1. c = 4.• A gas when the pressure is 6 atmospheres volume 2 liters. 10-4 m2) = 2. The difference in temperature between both Answer: ends of the iron 80 º C.2 kJkg-1ºC-1 ∆T = 100 ºC . Also known coefficient of thermal conductivity of iron 46 Jm-1 º C-1.2 º C-1! Answer: m = 2 kg.000 JºC-1)(10 ºC) = 20. if pressure is reduced to 4 atmosphere. .20 ºC = 80 ºC = . For fixed temperature. Determine the amount of heat that crept in the iron per unit of time! l = 4 m. ∆ = (T2 – T1) = 80 ºC A = 25 cm = 25 . P1 = 6 atm.013. 105 Pa) Answer: Vl = 2 L.∆ = (2kg)(4. known to heat water type kJkg 4.000 JºC-1 ∆T = 10 ºC Q = C∆ = (2. Determine the amount of heat required to raise the body temperature of 10 º C Answer: Diket : C = 2.2 • Determine the amount of heat needed to heat the water as much as 2 kg of a temperature of 20 º C until it reaches its boiling point of 100 º C.3 KD 4. 10-4m2 k = 46 Jm-1 ºs-1 ºC-1 2 = ∆ ° H = (46 Jm-1s-1 ºC-1)(25 . dan P2 = 4 atm P1 v1 = p2 v2 ( 6 atm)( 2 L) = ( 4 atm )V2 6×2 = =3 4 • A 4 meter long iron rod with cross-sectional area 25 cm2.2 kJ kg-1 ºC-1)(80 ºC) = 672 kJ • An object has a heat capacity of 2000 J ° C-1.3 = 2.000 joule = 20kJ .

if you heat water type Jkg 4200 º C-1! Answer: ml cl (Tl – Tt) = maca ( Tt – Ta ) (0.1 kg)(3.L m= = . X metal mass is 0. Determine the amount of water which freezes when the temperature is 0 º C absorbed energy of 1. . 104 J of water. Temperature at first .first 98 º C. Tair = 5 ºC cteh = cair jika suhu akhir camouran adalah Tc. then stirred.36 . thermal equilibrium is reached a temperature of 28 º C.3 • In a cup of tea there are as many as 60 mL of water with a temperature of 80 º C. × × = 0.2 kg. After X Included metal into the calorimeter.200 ºC 100 Tc = 5. Answer: Q=m.36 . which material can absorb almost no heat. × × -1 ºC-1 = 900 Jkg-1 ºC-1 • Know the melting heat of water 3.36 Jkg -1. Known also Caloriemeter made of polystyrene material. 105 Jkg-1) = 3.36. determine the temperature of the mixture of water! Answer: Diket : mteh = 60mL.1 kg Q = m .68. In the calorimeter contained as much as 1 kg of water temperature 25 º C.36 . L = (0.KD 4. Tteh = 80 ºC mair = 40mL. If known heat tea water type with heat cold water species.000 ºC Tc = 50 ºC • A metal type X is determined heat put into a kalorima = ether. 105 Jkg-1 dan m = 0. .05 = 500 . into the glass was added to 40mL of water temperature of 5 º C.200 Jkg-1 ºC-1)(28 – 25) ºC cl = . From these observations. determine the heat of the metal type X. 104 J • Known heat frozen water 3.2 kg)cl (98 – 28) ºC = (1 kg)(4. 105Jkg-1 and m = 0. Determine the amount of heat required to melt 100 grams of ice! Answer: Diket : L = 3. diperoleh = Qterima(air es) Qlepas (teh) mteh cteh ( Tteh – Tc ) = mair cair ( Tc – Tair ) 60 mL ( 80 ºC – Tc ) = 40mL ( Tc . Then.5 ºC ) 4800 ºC – (60Tc) = ( 40 Tc ) .1 kg.

10-6 ºC-1)(10 m )(100 – 20)ºC= 8. L = (0.36 kJ.4 kJ • The length of a rod of iron at a temperature of 20 º C is 10 meters.L .5 kg of water at a temperature of 100 º C so that it becomes steam at 100 º C! Answer: Q = m . 105 Jkg-1) = 67. 106Jkg-1) = 1. 105 Jkg-1 = 2. heat type of ice Jkg 2100 º C-11.200 Jkg-1 ºC-1 Q = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 Q1 = mes ces ∆es =(0. 106 Joule • Diketahui 400 gram es bersuhun 0 ºC diberikan kalor sebesar 3. 10-6 ºC-1 = αlo ( T1 – To )=(11 . Jika kalor lebur es 3.100 Jkg-1 ºC-1 = 4.2 kg)(2.2 kg )(4.200 Jkg-1 ºC-1)(50 – 0) ºC = 42 kJ Qtotal = Q1 + Q2 +Q3 = 113. and heat water type Jkg 4200 º C-1-1.• By using steam heat.100 Jkg-1 ºC-1)(0-(-10)) ºC = 4.36. tentukanlah berapa persen es yang melebur ! Jawab : Q=m.01 . determine the length of iron bar was added if the temperature is raised to 100 º C! Answer: Diket : To = 20 ºC.13 .2 kg. × 100% = = 25% • Determine the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 0.36 . 10-6 º C-1.26 .2 kg)(3.2 kJ Q3 = mair cair ∆air = (0. = -10 ºC. Answer: Diket : mes To T1 = 0. = 4200 ºC.2 kg of ice from -10 º C until all the water temperature of 50 º C 1 is known heat melting ice 3.36 . Les ces cair = 3. = . If the length expansion coefficient of iron 11. m= = 0. determine the amount of heat required to evaporate 0. 10-3meter = 8.5 kg)(2. α = 11 .2 kJ Q2 = mes Les = ( 0.8 milimeter ( ABDURRAHMAN HALIM ) . T1besi = 100 ºC lo ∆l ∆l = 10 m . .36 . Jkg 105-1. 105Jkg-1.8 .

00144 = 10. determine the area of iron plate! Diketahui : A1 = 10 m2 T1 = 30° C T2 = 90° C T = T2 – T1 = 90 – 30 = 60° C = 0.KD 4. luas pelat besi setelah dipanaskan adalah 10.000012/° C = 2 × 0.0144 m2 Jadi.000012/° C = 0..1 1.000024 × 60) = 10(1 + 0. L = 336J/Kg. If the temperature raised to 90 ° C and length expansion coefficient of iron 0. At 30 ° C a metal plate breadth of 10 m2.10-3 x 4200 x 100 = 840 J Q3 = m x U = 2 x 2260 = 4420 J Qtotal = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 = 672 + 840 + 4420 = 5932 J . ? Jawab : A2 =A1(1 +β x ∆T) = 10(1 + 0.0144 m2..200 J/kg °C Ditanya : Qtotal = ……? Dijawab : Q1 = m x L = 2 x 336 J/Kg = 672 J Q2 = m x Cair x ∆T = 2.00144) = 10 × 1. How much heat is required to convert 2 grams of ice at 0 ° C to water vapor at a temperature of 100 ° C? (Liquid = 4200 J / kg ° C.000012 / ° C. 2.260 J/Kg L = 336J/Kg Cair = 4. and U = 2260 J / Kg) Diketahui : m = 2 g = 2 × 10-3 kg T = 100° – 0° = 100° C U= 2.000024 Ditanyakan : A2 = .

If heat is absorbed iron by 135 kJ. ∆ = = 1350 J/0C 4. Fahrenheit Dijawab: K = C + 273 = 78.5 + 273 = 351.5 K K = -117+ 273 = 156 K F = 9/5C + 32 = 9/5(78. is heated from temperature 20 ° C to 120 ° C. C = . Kelvin b.? Dijawab : a. A piece of iron which has a mass of 3 kg.. Express this temperature in both a..50 C and frozen at-1170C padatekanan 1 atm.? c = ….3. Ethyl alcohol move at 78. Determine the heat capacity of iron and heat type of iron? Diketahui : m = 3 kg T = 120° – 20° = 100° C Q = 135 kJ Ditanya : C = ….5) + 32 = 1730F F = 9/5(-117) + 32 = -1790F .

535 x 10-4 (110 – 20 ) = 12. How much calor one at need to raise that object temperature as big as 400C C = 1500 Joule/0C ∆T = 400C Q = C ∆T 1500 . and heat types of water 4200 J / kg ° C. γtampak = γfluida ..γwadah = 5.5 kg.5 kg mair = 0.? Jawab : Qdilepas = Qditerima m × Cair × Tair = m × Cbjn × Tbjn 0.55 x 10-5) = 4. One object with kalorrs capacity 1500 Joule/0C. ∆T = 300 x 4. 40 6000 Joule KD 4. heat of aluminum 900 J / kg ° C.55 x 10-5/0C and volume expansion coefficient of 5.200 J/kg °C Cbjn = 900 J/kg °C Ditanyakan : Ttermal = .5 kg of water with a temperature of 100 ° C in pour into vessel of aluminum which has a mass of 0. determine the equilibrium temperature achieved! (assume no heat is flowing into the environment) Diketahui : mbjn = 0. If the initial temperature vessel at 25 ° C. As much as 0. γ .5.3 x 10-4/0C glycerin. 535 x 10-4 ∆V = V0 .3 1.. What is the amount of glycerin that tumpaah if the container is heated to suhu1100C? Length expansion coefficient of aluminum 2.5 × 4.5 × 900 × (Ttermal – 25) .24 mL 6.5 kg Tair = 100° C Tbjn = 25° C Cair = 4. A container made of aluminiumyang filled with 300mL of glycerin at a temperature of 200C.3 x 10 – 3(2.200 × (100 – Ttermal) = 0.

5 (10) + 10 (80) 850 cal Qrelease = m2 (T2 – 0) 20 (80 – 0) 1600 cal . Diketahui: m1 = 150 grams m2 T1 T2 Cwater Ditanyakaan: Tc= ……? Dijawab: Qlepas = Qterima m C ∆T = m C ∆T 100. suhu kesetimbangannya adalah 87.000 – 2. Cwater = 1 cal/g. If Cice = 0.5 cal/goC . 2.156° C Jadi.550 Ttermal = 450 Ttermal – 11. Answer : D1 =m1 = mes = 10 g m2 = mair = 20 g T1 = -10oC T2 = 80oC D2 Qobsorb = m1 .250 Ttermal = 222.210. cwater = 1 kal/goC and Lice = 80 cal/g .156° C.TC) = 150 (Tc – 30) 10.250 = 222. Determine the mixture temperature of both water.000 – 100Tc = 150Tc – 4500 14.1(100 -Tc) = 150.500 = 250Tc .100 Ttermal 2.1(Tc – 30) 100 (100 . cice (0-(-T1)) + m1 Lice 10 .250 2550 = 87. measure the mixture temperature . 0. = Tc = Tc 58 3. The mass 10g ice with the temperature -10oC mixed the mass 20g water with temperature 80oC . The water 150 grams in temperature 200C mixed with the water 100 grams in the temperature 900C.

0. 80 +10Tc = 20 (80 – Tc) = 1600 – 20 Tc 50 + 800 +10Tc 50+800-1600 = -20Tc – 10Tc -750 = -30 Tc Tc = 250C 4. c . Cice = 2100 J/Kg K and Lice = 336. in a vessel of negligible mass contained 42 grams of water mixed with a gram of ice C -4 C.(-T1)} + m1 Lice +m1 (Tc – 0) = m2 (T2 – Tc) 10 .5) 4 +0.? Q1 = m . ∆T = 0.5 {0-(-10)} + 10 . ∆T = 0. 2100 .Qtot = m1 Cice {0. If titk melting ice = 0C ice type heat 0.000 J/Kg . if Cwater = 4200J / Kg K .1 .5 cal / g C heat melting ice = 80 cal / gc. After the stirring was 50% ice melt. 4200 .1 kg tice1 = 150C tice2 = 50oC Cwater = 4200J / Kg K Cice = 2100 J/Kg K Lice = 336.1 . calculate the amount of heat required to melt 100 grams ice 150C in to water 500C. 336. Qtotal ………. 50 = 21.000 J/Kg .5 (b) 80 42a = 42b atau a:b = 1:1 5.1 . calculate the ratio of a and b in accordance with the principle of black then the heat is released air (Q3) equal with calor absorbed to raise its temperature (Q1) and to melt ice 50% (Q2) Q3 = Q1 + Q2 mwater Cwater ∆T mice Cice ∆T + 0.5 mice Lice a(1) 42 = b(0. c .L = 0.000 = 33600 J = m .000 J Q3 . 15 = 3150 J Q2 =m. Answer : m = 100 gram = 0.

calculate the amount of heat required to melt 50 grams ice 300C in to water 750C. c . 336.450 J Q3 Qtotal ( ALFI RAHMAH SANTIKA ) . ∆T = 0. Qtotal ………. 30 = 3150 J Q2 =m. c . Cice = 2100 J/Kg K and Lice = 336.500 = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 =5 1.01 kg tice1 = 300C tice2 = 75oC Cwater = 4200J / Kg K Cice = 2100 J/Kg K Lice = 336. 4200 . Answer : m = 50 gram = 0.000 = 16800 J = m .05 . if Cwater = 4200J / Kg K . 75 = 31.L = 0.000 J/Kg .05 .Qtotal = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 = 57.05 . 2100 .750 J 6.000 J/Kg . ∆T = 0.? Q1 = m .

32) = 5 : 9 ℃ ( ℉ ) = t℉= t ℃ + 32 = . t ℃ : t ° = 5 : 4 → t° = = t ℃ = . t ℃ : (t ℉ . if measured with a thermometer scale Celsius and Fahrenheit scales show the same number? → Answer : Data : t℃= t℉=x . What is the liquid temperature was measured with a thermometer: a) the scale degrees reamur? b) scale degrees Fahrenheit? c) degrees kelvin scale? → Answer : Data Problem : t = 25 ℃ : a) t ° b) t ℉ c) T ℃ ° a). 20 + 32 = 77 * So the temperature of a substance that shows 77 ℉ c) t ℃ : (T – 273) = 5 : 5 ℃ ( ) = T = t ℃ + 273 = 25 + 273 = 298 * So the temperature of a substance that shows 298 ℉ 2) What is the temperature of an object. 25 = 20 * So the temperature of a substance that shows 20° b).1 1) The temperature of the liquid when measured with a thermometer centigrade scale shows the number 25° .KD 4.

Q = m.000 joules.∆ = .40 * So the two thermometers will designate the number -40 3) What kind of heat a substance. ∆ = 500. What is the heat required to raise the temperature of the object is at 20 oC? → Answer : Data :C = 500 joule ∆t = 20 ℃ Problem a). if the mass of the object is equal to 100 grams of the temperature will rise by 80C when given the calories by 400 calories? → Answer : Data : m = 100 gram ∆ =8℃ Q= 400 calories Problem :c a). ∆ c= . t ℃ = 5 (t ℉ .000 joule * So the energy needed by the object of 10. 20 = 10. :Q .5 kal/ gram ℃ * So the heat kind of substance was 0.32) ℃ ℃ = 9x = 5x – 160 9x – 5x = -160 X = .5 cal / g C 4) An object with a heat capacity of 500 joules / oC. t ℃ : (t ℉ .32) = 5 : 9 9.Problem :x a). Q = C. c. = 0.

℃ Problem : tx a). Determine the temperature of the mixture in equilibrium. ℃ → Answer : Data : mair = 500 gram mza = 200 gram tair = 10℃ tza = 50 ℃ cair = 1kkal/ kg. heat capacity of a calorimeter is 100 calories.2 joule ) Q = 840 joule = C= .cza (tza – tx) = 500 .℃ cza = 0. if the heat of water = 1 kcal / kg. What changes when the calorimeter temperature is 840 joules of heat absorbed? → Answer : Data : C = 100 calories /℃ Q = 840 joule Problem :∆ a).5) For example. ℃ and the heat kind of acid = 0. Qlepas = Qserap mza. ( 1 calories = 4. = 200 calories ∆ ∆ = = =2℃ * So the change in calorimeter temperature 2 ℃ 6) Water temperature of 500 grams of 10℃ mixed with 200 grams of acid at a temperature 50℃ and then stirring until the temperature of the mixture in a state of equilibrium.5 kkal/ kg.1 (tx – 10) 5000 – 100 x = 500 tx – 5000 .5 kcal / kg.

12) (2. 25℃= 20° = 77℉ = 298 K ( AMALIA HAJAR D. If the ball is warmed up to 80℃. Express the temperature of the object in the reamur. ∆ ) (2 ) ∆ = (4 .15 x 10 • Thus. A hollow ball ismade of bronze ( = 18 x / ℃. calculate the area incremen of the ball’s surface ! Answer : a) ∆ = A0 = (4 . fahrenhait. At temperature 0℃ its radius is 1 m. An object has temperature of 25℃. and Kelvin scale ! Answer : a) In reamur scale (° ) 5 → =4 5 4 = 4 5 (25)° b) In fahrenhait scale (℉) 5 ( – 32) → = 9/5 + 32 9 = 9 5 (2) + 32 ℉ = 77℉ c).67℃ * So the temperature of the mixture in equilibrium 16. In kelvin scale (K) = .67 ℃ 7).273 → = + 273 = 25 + 273 = 298 K Thus.15 x 10 8).10000 = 600 tx tx = 16.E ) . the area increment of the ball is 1. 18 x 10 ) (80-0) = 11520 x 10 = 1.

1 cm and a = 10ˉ5/˚C. An object has temperature of 25˚C. Express the temperature of the object in the reamur.1 = 100 + 10-3 ∆T 0. A steel wire has length of 100 cm at temperature 30˚C.1 1).KD 4. and kelvin scales ! Answer : • In reamur scale (R˚) Tc = 5/4 Tr => Tr = 4/5 Tc = 4/5 (25)˚R = 20˚R • In fahrenheit scale (˚F) Tc = 5/9 (Tf – 32) => Tf = 9/5 Tc + 32 = 9/5 (2) + 32˚F = 77˚F • In kelvin scale (K) Tc = Tk -273 => Tk =Tc + 273 = 25 + 273 = 298 K Thus 25˚C = 20˚R = 77˚F = 298 K 2).1 / 10-3˚C = 100˚C ∆T = T – T0 .1 cm λ0 = 100 cm α = 10ˉ5/˚C λ = λ0 (1 + α ∆T) 100.1 = 10-3 ∆T ∆T = 0. determine the temperature of steel now ! Answer : λ = 100. If the length of the steel now is 100.1 = 100 (1+10ˉ5(∆T)) 100. fahrenheit.

000011˚C-1 and coefficient of alcohol expansion is 0.24 = 4009.24 = 56.76 cm3 .Vvessel = 4066 – 4009.01) (95% .001˚C-1 ! Answer : ∆V vessel = vessel V0 vessel ∆T ∆T = 3 α vessel V0 vessel = 3 (0. 4000) (70) = 266 cm3 Therefore Vvessel = V0 vessel + ∆Vvessel = 4000 + 9. the alcohol’s volume split out is ∆V = Valcohol . The intial temperature is 0˚C then warmed up to 70˚. ∆T vessel 95% V0 ∆T = (0.T0 = 30˚C 100˚C = T-30˚C T = 130˚C 3). Determine the alcohol’s volume which split out if the coefficient of length expansion of vessel 0. A 4 liter vesel. 95% og its volume is filled with alcohol.000011) (4000cm3) (70) = 9.24cm3 ∆Valcohol = = alcohol V0 alcohol alcohol .24 cm3 Valcohol = V0 alcohol + ∆Valcohol = 3800 + 266 = 4066 cm3 Thus.

as erect as berpenampang's armor little along 20 meter has temperatures 20C be heated until 40C. is increased its temperature from 12˚C into 103˚C at aconstant pressure.4). A 500 gram body absorbs heat 400 calori so that its temperature increases 4˚C. Calculate the volume of gas now ! Answer V0 = 3 m3 = 1/273 ˚C-1 ∆T = 103˚C . and ∆T = 4˚C.8 x 10-3 m = 4. m = 500g . then c = kal/g˚C = 0.2 kal/ g˚C Thus. then is iced until 30.12˚C = 91˚C Therefore V = {3 m3) {1 + 1/273 ˚C-1 (91˚C)} = 4m3 Thus. A 3 m3 gas. Determine the spesific heat of that body ! Answer : Q C = mc ∆T = Q m ∆T because Q =400 calorie. the spesific heat of body is = 0. get do length difference erect that to long early? Answer : a) after been heated armor length increases as big as ∆l = l0 a ∆T = (20) (12 x 10-6) (40-20) = 4.2 kal/ g˚C 6). the volume of gas now is 4 m3 5).8 mm b) after been iced will happen length cut back as big as ∆l = l0 a ∆T .

= (20) (12 x 10-6) (-30 -20) = -12 x 10-3 m ∆l = -12mm so elongated cut back happening as much 12mm ( ANIS FITRIYAH ) .

5x240/T2 T2x1 : 6x300 T2 : 1800.025875 L : l0x∆l : 5 + 0. 3) ∆A : A0x x∆t A-A0 : A0x x(T-T0) (100-50) : 50x38x10-6(T-75) 50/50x38x10-6 = T-75 0. Answer : 1) ∆l : l0xŁx∆t : 5x0. added long-term and final.000023/0c.026x106 : T 75t0. 2) brass with an area of 50m2 which will be heated to a temperature of 750c size doubled.1) Helium gas in a room measuring 40m2. specify: a. specify the required final temperature. how much the current temperature if the volume of gas into the pressure half-240m3 and initial pressure.025875 : 5. Temperature of 270C. If the coefficient of expansion in length 19x10-6 / c.000023x225 : 0.025875 2) P1xV1/T1 x P2xV2/T2 9x40/300 x 4. if the length expansion coefficient 0. 3) a 5m long aluminum with akn heated from 250C to 2500C temperature. ( ANNISA MAHARINDA ) . with the pressure of 9 Pa.026x106:T 75t26000 : T T:260750c.

the heat melting of ice = 340 000 J / kg. A.1. then the amount of heat needed to melt ice into water at the point of dissolution (process B . how many greater if thermometer temperature scale is replaced with Fahreinheit? •32OF •40OF •72OF •104OF The answer: On a scale of comparison: (F–32) : C = 9 / 5 F = 9/5 C +32 F =9/5(40)+ 32 F =104 .3 kg L = 340000 J / kg Q = m⋅L = 0. 25. heat of water 4200 / kg º C and its mass is 300 grams.3 kg × 340000 J / kg = 102000 joule 2.200 joule C.350 joule The answer: BC Process: Changes in the form of (fused) m = 300 gram = 0.. 102.C) is . f J the heat kind of ice = 2100 J / kg º C.The following figure shows the graph between temperature and time of the chunk of ice is heated..000 joule D. 3. 130.150 joule B. Note the picture on the side! at a temperature measurement process the measurement results obtained at 40oC..

. when an object is measured with a thermometer Celsius. what is that temperature when measured with a thermometer X...... The answer: t= 78 0 C T = T + 273 78 +273 T = 351 K 5...berapakah number that will show by a thermometer in Celsius ? The answer: (tf . ethyl alcohol solution temperature measurements showed 78 degrees celcius. the PA on the scale of X is 60 gerajat X TP = TA + PA = 50 + 60 = 110 DERAJAT X 4.. Fahrenheit thermometer in place in a room shows the number 122 degrees fahrenheit. 0 degrees Celsius = 100 degrees Celsius on the scale X: BA = 200 degrees X-50 DEGREES X\ = 150 degrees X 40 : ^X = 100: 150 :100 ^X=40 (150) ^X = 40 (150) / 100 =60 so....3.. on a thermometer x. The answer: on the Celsius scale: BA = 100 degrees Celsius.. on one day.. A..32) : tc = 9: 5: ( 122-320): tc = 9:5 90:tc = 9: 5 :9tc = 90 (5) Tc = 90(5)/9=50 derajat celcius ( ASRI LINDUNG SARI ) . freezing point of water is 50 degrees y and boiling point of water is 200 degrees y..menyatakan this temperature in........ the temperature 40 degrees Celsius...... ..

00144 = 20. hence determining canister volume at temperature 80° C ! Dik : γ= 3α= 6 × 10-5 /°C ∆T = 80°C – 30°C = 50° C V1 = 1 l Dit : V2 = .000012/° C. How big needed to heat boost up temperature of is one iron which is mass 10 kg from 10° C become 90° C. fahrenheit.5°F 70°R = x (70°+273°) = 428.000012/° C β= 2α= 2 × 0..00144) = 20 × 1.5°C 70°R = x (70°+32°) = 229. A made object from steel have length 2000 cm.75°K 2..000024 × 60) = 20(1 + 0..003 = 1. hence determining wide of the iron plate! Dik : A1 = 20 m2 T1 = 40° C T2 = 100° C ∆T = T2 – T1 = 100 – 40 = 60° C α= 0. If its temperature is boosted up to become 100° And iron coefficient of linear expansion C equal to 0.KD 4. A canister have volume 1 litre at temperature 30° C. if type heat iron 500 J / K Dik : m = 10 kg ∆T = 90 – 10 = 80° C . and kelvin scales! Dik : 70°R Dit : 70°R = … °C 70°R = … °F 70°R = … °K Answer : 70°R = x 70° = 87.? Answer :V2 = V1 (1 + γ x ∆T) = 1 (1 + 6 × 10-5 × 50) = 1 + 0.000012/° C = 0.? : ∆l =l1 α x ∆T = 2000 × 12 × 10-6 × 100 = 24 x 10-1 cm Dit Answer 3.. express the temperature of the object in the celcius..003 liter 5.000024 Dit : A2 = . ? Answer : A2 = A1 (1 + β x ∆T) = 20(1 + 0.0288 m2 4. An object has temperature of 70°R. How much is long accretion of that steel.1 1. if happened change of temperature equal to 100°C? Dik : l1 = 2000 cm ∆T = 100 °C α= 12 × 10-6 °C-1 : ∆l = . At temperature 40° C a broadness iron plate 20 m2.. If coefficient long muai of canister 2 × 10-5 /° C.

.? :Q = m × c × ∆T = 10 × 500 × 80 = 4 x 105 kJ 6.260 J / g) Dik : m = 2 g = 2 × 10-3 kg ∆T = 100° – 0° = 100° C Ku = 2.. Iron rasher owning mass 3 kg.260 = 4.420 J Qtotal = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 = 672 + 840 + 4. KL = 336 J / g. Determining iron kalor capacities and iron type heat ! Dik : m = 3 kg ∆T = 120° – 20° = 100° C Q = 135 kJ Dit : a. Kapasitas kalor besi C= = . c = . C = . How many needed to kalor alter 2 ices gram at temperature 0° C become aqueous vapour at temperature 100° C? ( liquid = 4.? b...420 = 6.. Kalor jenis besi c= = = 450 J/kg °C 7. heated from temperature 20° C till 120° C.. ∆ ° = 1350 J/°C b.200 × 100 = 840 J Q3 Proses penguapan Q1 = m Ku = 2 × 2.200 J/kg °C Dit : Qtot = .Dit Answer c = 500 J/kg : Q = . and ME = 2.032 J .? Answer : Q1 Proses Lebur Q1 = m KL = 2 × 336 = 672 J Q2 Proses menaikkan suhu Q2 = m cair ∆T = 2 × 10-3 × 4.200 J / kg ° C. If iron absorb heat equal to 135 kJ.260 J/g KL = 336 J/g cair = 4.? Answer : a...

A flimsy plate have total wide of surface 0. If temperature early canister equal to 25° C. Water counted 0.5 kg mair = 0. aluminium type heat 900 J / kg ° C.5 m partake to partake 27° C and 26° C..? Answer : H = h × A × ∆T4 = 7..2 × 10-3 m2 A = 2 ×1.. hence determining balance temperature which reached! ( assume there no heat emptying into environment ) Dik : mbjn = 0..200 J / kg ° C. hence determining is fast of transmitted radiasithe plate! Dik : A = 0.100 Ttermal = 450 Ttermal – 11.8..? Answer : H=k×A× ∆ = 0.8 W / m ° C.? Answer : Qlepas = Qterima m × cair × ∆T air = m × cbjn × ∆T bjn 0. The platein heating with a stove till its temperature reach 1. Air in a room chamber show scale 25° C.550 Ttermal = 222. while temperature surface of the room chamber glass window 15° C.200 × (100 – Ttermal) = 0.6 m² h = 7.156° C 8..000 – 2.5 × 4. If plate emisitas 0.45 W 10. and heat type irrigate 4. If is thick of the glass 3.5 × 10-5 Wm-2 (° C)-4.5 = 3 m2 ∆t = 27 – 26 = 1° C k = 0..02 m2 T = 1.02 m2. hence determining is fast of absorbed heat by glass window for the width of 0.8 W/m °C Dit : H = .2 mm = 3.5 × 10-5 Wm-2(°C)-4 Dit : H = .200 J/kg °C cbjn = 900 J/kg °C Dit : Ttermal = .8 × 3 × = 750 J/s 9.5 × 10-5 × 0.? Answer : H = Aeσ T4 . known by external and inner surface temperature a window pane owning Length 2 m and wide 1.6 σ = 5.6 m ! Dik : ∆T = 25 – 15 = 10° C A = 0. determining is fast of late heat stream the window! Dik : d = 3.5 kg Tair = 100° C Tbjn = 25° C cair = 4. If coefficient convection 7.6705119 × 10-8 W/mK4 Dit : H = .6 × 104 = 0.250 . .2 thermal conductivity and mm glass equal to 0.250 2..5 kg.5 kg which is have temperature to 100° C in infusing canister from aluminium owning mass 0.000 K. Ttermal = = 87..000 K e = 0.6.5 × 900 × (Ttermal – 25) 210.

hence how much is temperature as well-balanced as? ma = 200 gr. Q1 = m c ∆ t1 5. Above saucer there are 100 ices gr have temperature to 0°C.02 × 0.= 0. (50) + 20 . 100 = 105 kal 12.104 = 2000 . If at ice the given by kalor equal to 6000 kal hence how much ices which have melt? Dik : m0 = 100gr L = 80 kal/gr Q = 6000 kal molten Ice mass can be determined as follows. 1 (80 . tg = ta ms = 40 gr. Otherwise there is mixing heat and also permeated by heat is thermos bottle and coffee type kalor = milk = water = 1.104 kal. Thermos bottle contain 230 gram coffee at temperature 80°C. 1 .t) 250 t = 18400 + 100 t = 74°C 15. Q=mL 6000 = m .5 kal / molten heat and gr°C of ice 80kal / gr. ts = 0°C . To boost up its temperature become 75°C required heat equal to 5. 1 . 80 m = 75 gr molten Ice mass is 75 gr mean the percentage of equal to = × 100 % = 75 % 13. If glass heat capacities 20 kal/ molten And heat ice is 80 kal / gr. Type heat irrigate 1 kal / gr°C. (80O) = 50 + 1600 + 1600 = 3250 kal 14.Is then enhanced by milk counted 20 gram have temperature 5°C. ta = 40°C Cg = 20 kal/C. mK = 250 gr tS = 5 OC. 80 + 20 .104 kal ∆t2 = 125 − 25 = 100°C Q2 = ? Type object of heat can be determined from first situation.00 kal / °C g. mS = 20 gr c = 1 kal/gr °C QS = QK mS cS ΔtS = mK cK ΔtK 20 . ingot have Mass to 2 kg have temperature 25°C. ices type kalor 0.5) = 230 . How much is passed to heat is the ice? Q = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 = ms cs Δts + m L + ma ca Δta = 10 . In glass contain 200 cc irrigate 40°C is then included 40 ices gram 0°C. 0. (t . heat molten of ice known equal to 80 kal/gr.5°C and pressure 1 atm given by heat till become water have temperature to 80°C. 5 .6 × (5. If its temperature is boosted up to become 125°C hence how much is required heat? Dik : = 2 kg = 2000 gr ∆t1 = 75 − 25 = 50°C Q1 = 5.6705119 × 10-8) × (1. c .000)4 = 6. hence how much is temperature mixture balance? tK = 80 OC. 50 c = 5 kal/gr°C ∆t2 is : Q2 = m c ∆ t2 = 2000 .804 W 11.5 . 20 ices gr have temperature .

1 .6°C ( AZIZAH ARDYANTI ) . 80 + 40 .0) = 20(40 . 1 . (40-t) 260 t = 8800 .3200 t = 21.t) + 200.Ls = 80 kal/gr Q1 + Q2 = Q3 + Q4 ms Ls + ms ca Δts = Cg Δta + ma ca Δta 40 . (t .

.5 kalori/groC D2 : Q = .hot at 12 kj is given on the piece of metal that has a mass of 2500 grams 30oC. stated in joules! Discussion : D1 : m = 500 gram T1 = −12oC T2 = −2oC ∆T = T2 − T1 = −2o − (−12 ) = 10oC c = 0.. If the heat kind of metal is 0.? D3 : Q = mc∆T Q = (500)(0..2 calories / groC.5)(840)∆T ∆T = 12000/2100 = 5. 500 grams of ice temperature of-12oC heated to a temperature-2oC.5 kg T1 = 30oC c = 0. 500 grams of ice-temperature 0oC would be disbursed until the overall temperature water ice 0oC. and the heat melting ice is 80 cal / g.5 cal / GOC.71 oC 2.2 = 10500 joule 3.2 x 4200 joule/kg oC = 840 joule/kg oC D2 : T2 =. determine the final temperature of the metal! Discussion : D1: Q = 12 kilojoule = 12000 joule m = 2500 gram = 2. If the heat kind of ice is 0.1.? D3 : Q = mc∆T 12000 = (2. determine a lot of heat is required.2 kal/groC = 0..5 cal / GOC..5)(10) = 2500 kalori 1 kalori = 4.71 oC T2 = T1 + ∆T = 30 + 5. specify a lot of heat is needed.71 = 35.2 joule Q = 2500 x 4. If the heat kind of ice is 0. state in kilocalories! Discussion : D1: m = 500 gram L = 80 kalori/gr .

5) (10) = 2500 calories → The process of melt ice into water 0oC 0oC temperature. heat melting ice is 80 cal / g.5 cal / GOC.D2 : Q = .? D3: To make ice to become water 5oC 0oC there are two processes that must be passed: → The process of melt ice into water 0oC 0oC temperature. 500 grams of ice-temperature liquefied 0oC going to be 5oC temperature water.. heat is needed call Q2 Q2 = mLes = (500) (80) = 40000 calories → The process of raising water temperature to be 0oC 5oC water.. If the heat kind of ice is 0. heat required call Q2 Q2 = mcair∆Tair = (500) (1) (5) = 2500 calories Total Heat required: Q = Q1 + Q2 = 40000 + 2500 = 42500 calories 5. specify a lot of heat is needed! Discussion : D1: m = 500 grams ces = 0.? D3: To make the ice ... and heat type of water 1 cal / GOC. If the heat kind of ice is 0. heat melting ice is 80 cal / g.. specify a lot of heat is needed! Discussion : D1: m = 500 grams liquid = 1 calorie / groC Les = 80 calories / gr The final temperature → 5oC D2: Q = .10 ° C until the water 5oC there are three processes that must be passed: → The process to raise the temperature of the ice from the ice-temperature-10 ° C 0oC. heat is needed call Q1 Q1 = mces∆Tes = (500) (0....? D3 : Q = mL Q = (500)(80) = 40000 kalori = 40 kkal 4... heat is needed call Q1 Q1 = mLes = (500) (80) = 40000 calories → The process of raising water temperature to be 0oC 5oC water. and heat type of water 1 cal / GOC. heat required call Q3 .5 cal / GOC.500 grams of ice-temperature-10 ° C would be disbursed until 5oC temperature water..5 calories / groC liquid = 1 cal / groC Les = 80 cal / gr The final temperature → 5oC D2: Q = .

... Determine the temperature of the mixture! Discussion : D1: m1 = 200 gram m2 = 300 gram ∆T1 = 80 − t ∆T2 = t − 20 D2 : Suhu akhir = t = ..? D3 : Qlepas = Qterima m1c1∆T1 = m2c2∆T2 (200)(1)(80 − t) = (300)(1)(t − 20) (2)(1)(80 − t) = (3)(1)(t − 20) 160 − 2t = 3t − 60 5t = 220 t = 44oC ( AZIZAH HANDAYANI ) ..Q3 = mcair∆Tair = (500) (1) (5) = 2500 calories Total Heat required: Q = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 = 2500 + 40000 + 2500 = 45000 calories 6.200 grams 80oC temperature water mixed with 300 grams of water temperature of 20oC.

Celsius thermometer and Reamur used to measure the temperature of a objects turned out to scale the amount indicated by the two thermometers = 90o.. Completion: Unknown Asked : t = 80oC : a) oR = .1.? b) oF = . How OC and OR temperature object? Completion : Unknown : C + R = 90o Asked Answer : t dalam oC dan oR : a) C: R = 5: 4 80: R = 5: 4 5 R = 320 R = 64oR Jadi 80oC = 64oR C + R = 90 R = 90-C C: R = 5 : 4 C: (90 – C) = 4C 450 – 5C = 4C 450 = 9C C = 50 R = 90 – C R = 90 – 50 = 40 ... The temperature of a body temperature of 80oC declare the object in degrees Reamur and degrees Fahrenheit..? answer : b) C: (F – 32) = 5: 9 80: (F – 32) = 5: 9 5(F – 32) = 720 5F – 160 = 720 5F = 880 F = 176 Jadi 80oC = 176oF 2.

50 Q = 105 kalori 4... Added length of the wire! b. 103 cm3 ∆t = 80oC – 30oC = 50oC ρ = 1 gram/cm3 c = 1 kal/groC Asked Answer : Q = .000 J 5. ∆t Q = 2 . how much heat is absorbed by water? Completion: Unknown : mair = 2 kg T1 = 15ᵒC T2 = 40ᵒC c Asked Answer : C =.001 m . The length of wire after heating! Completion: a.. ∆ℓ = ℓo ∆T =4.. The wire is heated so that its temperature rose to 70ᵒC.∆T = (2) (4. If the heat of water 4200 J / kg ᵒ C.200) (40 – 15) = 210. A total of 2 kg of water is heated so that its temperature rises from 15 C to 40 ᵒ ᵒ C. A first wire length 2 m with an initial temperature 20ᵒC... 103 gram Q = m .? : : Q = m.. V = 1 x 2 x 103 = 2 . 1 ..c. If the wire is made of materials that length expansion coefficient 10-5 ᵒC-1. compute: a.200 J / kgᵒC = (2) (10-5) (70 – 20) = 10-3 = 0. How many calories of heat needed to heat 2 liters of water from 30oC to 80oC when the density of water = 1 gram/cm3 and heat of water = 1 cal / groC? Completion: Unknown : V = 2 liter = 2 .Jadi suhu benda tersebut: 50oC dan 40oR 3.. 103 .? : m = ρ . c .

000 J Asked : a.. A block of mass 2 kg has a heat capacity of 500 J / ᵒ C. Heat the type of beam! Completion: Unknown : M = 2 kg... Q = 2. Beam temperature rise! b. Q.001 m 6.. Q = C ∆T ∆T = = ....? b... = 4ᵒC b.. If such material is received heat by 2.? Answer : a..001 = 2.. C.. C = m c c= = = 250 J / kgᵒC ( CLARIN PUSPA ) .b.. C = 500 J / ᵒC... compute: a...000 J. ℓ’ = ℓo + ℓ = 2 + 0.

the coloumn length is 6 cm. how many the temperature of the tea based on the Celcius scale? Solution : The differentiation of the column is 12 cm – 2 cm = 10 cm. Celcius and Farenheit scale show the same value at temperature -40 C or -40 C 2. C = F so C = 5/9 ( C-32 ) 9/5C 9C–5C 5 4C C = -160 = -40 C = C – 32 = -32 So. determine the length of the stick at temperature 100 C.33 x 10 -5/ C Use the equation Lt Lt = lo (1 + α ΔT ) = 100 ( 1 + 1.0009 ) = 100.33 x 10 x 75 ) = 100 ( 1+ 0. L0 = 100 cm and α = 1. suhu yang ditunjukkan 4/10 x 100 C = 40 C Jadi.33 x 10 -5/C. if the differentiation the column is: 6 cm – 2 cm = 4 cm.1. if it is immersed on the tea .1 cm . and shoes the 12 cm length when it is immersedon thee water that is boiling . Problem solving The length of the metal stick is 100 cm at temperature 25 C . Solution : We have ΔT = 100 C – 25 C = 75 C .32 ) atau F = 9/5 (C+ 32 ) In this case. the column length is 10 cm showa temperature 100 c. Problem solving A mercury thermometer shows the coloumn length is 2 cm if one of the tips is immerse on the ice that is melting. if metalstick have the cooficient of linear expansion 1. Problem solving In how many temperature of the Celcius and Farenheit scale show the same value ? Solution Use equation : C = 5/9 ( f. the temperature will be 4/10 x 100 C = 40 C So the temperature of the tea is 40 C 6 CM – 2 CM = 4 cm. suhu air the adalah 40 C 3.

a gass with volume V.4.003 litre 5. Problem solving At the temperature 27 C. if vessel have the coefficient of linear expansion 2 x 10 -5/C. how C does that gas have to be heated in the constant preasure in order to make the volume be twice ? Solution Vt 2 vo 1 ΔT = V0 (1 + γ ΔT ) = 1 + ΔT/273 = ΔT/273 = 273 C. Solution We have γ = 3 α ΔT V0 Use the equation Vt : = 6 x10 -5/C = 75 C – 25 C = 50 C = 1 litre = V0 (1 + γ ΔT ) = 1 ( 1 + 0.003 ) = 1.32) = 13 C Next. Problem solving Convert 55 F to the Celcius and the Kelvin temperature scale Solution : First convert from F to C Tc = 5/9 (F. determine the volume of the vessel at temperature 75 C. gass has to be heated until temperature T = T0 + ΔT = 27 = 273 = 300 C 6. Problem solving A vessel has the volume 1 litre at temperature 25 C.32 ) = 5/9 ( 55 . convert F to K you can convert from C to K Tk = TC + 273 . : In conclude.00006 x 50 ) = 1 ( 1+ 0.

010 J ΔT = Q/C = -1.010 J of heat is removed Solution : Since heat is removed in this case Q = -1.079 m = . Problem solving The Eiffel Tower. To = 22C.121 K 9. Problem solving The heat capacity of 1.7. Problem solving The heat capacity of 1. If the tower is 301 m high on a 22 C day.00 kg of water is 4.186 = 0. connstruted in 1889 by Alexander Eiffel.141 K . how much does is height decrease when the temperature cools to 0.= 13 + 173 = 286 K 7. what is the temperature change of the water if 1.186 J/K Calculate ΔT fo Q = 505 J ΔT = Q/C = 505/4.000 kg C = 4.186 = 0.010/ 4. T1 = 0.186 J/K.186 J/K. αiron = 12 x 10-6/ K ΔL = α LoΔT = (12 x 10-6/ K)( 301)(0. is an impressive latticework structure made of iron. what is the temperature change of the water if 505 J of heat is added the system Solution We have : m = 1.9 cm 8.0 C? ( coefficient of linear expansision for iron is 12 x 10-6/ K) Solution : We have Lo = 301 m.0 C.0C – 22 C ) = -0.00 kg of water is 4.

0 )2 = 1.00C K= 0.8 J 11.84 W/m.0 oC ? ( thermal conductivity of glass is 0.0 x 10.005 m T1= 210C T2= 0.2 J = 336 Kj : . The glass in the window is 0.50 cm = 0.K T= one day = 86. How much heat is lost through this window in one day if the temperature in the house is 21 0C and the temperature otside is 0.0 m on a side.400 s Recall that 1 W = 1 J/s The square of the window A = S2 = ( 1.K ) Solution We have : L = O. Problem solving Water 1 litre with the temperature 20 0C is heated until boling.0 m2 The heat is lost this window in one day is Q = kA ∆ = .84 W/m.000 x 4.84 )( 1 ) = 3. Calculate the heat that is needed Solution We have The Water mass (m) = 1 kg ( 1 litre water mass in the temperature 20oC = 1 kg ) The Water temperature at frist (T0) = 20 0C The amount of the heat is Q = c m ΔT Q = 1 x 1 x 80 = 80 kcal Q = 80.50 cm thick. = (0. Problem solving One of the window in a house has the shape of a square 1.10.

Add this value in the specific heat equation C = Q/ ΔT = 20. If the heater efficien is 100 % the time that is needed 20 second. remember . Problem solving : A stick of iron with 1 kg mass has the temperature 20 0C.000 joule. the iron temperature is creasing until 30 0C with an electric heater with power 1 kW. joule = watt seconds Q= 20.000/ 1 x 10 = 2000 J/kg 0C = 30-20=10 0C =1 kg = 1 kW : ( DEVI RATNA SAFITRI ) .12. calculate the iron specific heat Solution We have ΔT M P Q = c m ΔT Q = 1 Kw x 20 sekonds.

The temperature of an object expressed in the Celsius scale is 25oC. If the wire is made of materials that length expansioncoefficient 10-5 oC-1.• 1. An initial wire length 2 m with an initial temperature 20oC. If theheat of water 4200 J / kgs 0C. calculate the added length of wire. how much heat is absorbed by water? Answer:Mair = 2 kg T1 = 150C T2 = 40oC C = 4200 J / kg 0C • Q =m.∆ = (2) (4200) (40-15) = 210. Wire in the heat so thetemperature rose to 70oC. State theobject temperature in Fahrenheit scale! Answer: • • TF – – = = = 180 + 32 = 77 oC 2.c. . A total of 2 kg of water in the heat so the temperature rise of 15oC to 40oC.001 m 3. Answer: • △ ℓ = ℓ0 . ∆ = (2) (10-5) (70 – 20 ) = 10-3 = 0.000 J • • Tk – – = = = 30 + 273 = 303 oC ( DIMAS FASIHATIN ) .

/ kg and mercury amount that yawns as much 0.C = (0. Determinative a.8 kg C : 0. and Kalor that needed to raise temperature as big as 40°C m = 0.683 x 106 J = 683 kJ 2) One steel plate square have flank 30 cm and 20°C's temperatures.8)(0. If kalor yawns mercury 854000 j.5 kg irons as big as 30°C needed by kalor as big as 6750 Joules.110) = 902. Get what extent final steel-plated? Ao = o2 302 = 900 cm2 T = (130 – 20) = 110°C -6 baja = 12 x 10 /°C Answer : A = Ao(1 + β T) = 900(1 + 24 x 10-6.854 x 106) = 0. kalor's capacity iron b.1 1)Mercury is heated until boiling. then at evaporates. Determinative foots up kalor that needed to yawn that mercury! mraksa : 0.854 x 10-6 J/kg Answer Q =m.5 kg t1 = 30°C t2 = 40°C Q = 6750 kg Answer : .38 cm2 (Far ranging final) 3 ) To raise temperatures 0. Kalor is iron Type.4. If steel plate is heated until 130°C.8 kg.

Get do length difference erect that to long early? = 20 m t1 = 20°C t2 = 40°C t3 = -30°C Answer : a) After at heats. Q = mC∆t = (0. = = ∆ ° = 225 J/kg°C b.20) = 4.8 mm b) After been iced elongated cut back happening as big as ∆ = 0α T =(20)(12 x 10-6)(-30-20) = -12 x 10-3 m 5 ) Waters as much 2 liters and gets 25°C's temperatures is heated in pan until its temperature increases as 50°C.8 x 10-3 m = 4. long armor increases as big as ∆ = 0α T =(20)(12 x 10-6)(40 .a. = 450 J/kg°C c. then is iced until 30°C.5)(450)(40) = 9000 J 4)As erect as berpenampang's armor little along 20 meter has 20°C's temperatures is heated until 40°C. Get do afters water volume at heats? V0 = 2 ℓ γ = 210 x 10-6 ∆T = (273 + 50) – (273 + 25) = 25°K . = = .

2 1) One surface serves a ball berpenampang's iron meempunyai little temperature makes a abode 500°C. = 1 cm 3 0 = 1 cm = 12 x 10-6/°K γ = 3 x 12 x 10-6 = 36 x 10-6/°C Answer: ∆V = V0 γ ∆T =(1)(36 x 10-6)(80-20) =2. Account volume that cube on 80°C's temperature if temperature initially 20°C.1 m K = 73 w / mK ∆T =350°C Answer : = 2− 1 ℓ 350 = 73 0. other surface temperature diijaga makes a abode 150°C. Get what runaway speed kalor / Satuan's transfer extends to pass that iron log (thermal conductivity 73 w / mK) L = 10 cm = 0.1 = 25550 / 2 = 25.0022 cm3 4. 25) = 2.55 / 2 2) One hot source object is looked on as black body perfect broadly surface 100 mm 2 and 927°C's temperature. Account kalor that was emitted by that object.2 x 10-3 0 V = ∆V + V0 =0.Answer : V = V0(1 + γ ∆T) = 2(1 + 210 x 10-6. If log length 10 cm. A = 100 mm 2 T = 927°C = 1200°K .0022 + 1 =1.0105 ℓ 6) One armor cube have flank 1 cm.

75 W = 11.ε = 1 (black body) δ = 5.67 x 10 -8 W / m 2 °K 4 Answer : = 1 4 5. Answer: Black body.672.0m x 1. = 3750 W 4)Extensive perfect black body its surface 0. R = e δ( T2 .72 watt/m2 b. If temperature on surface deep 25°C's glass and temperature on surface outer 30°C's glass. If its peripheral temperature 77°C. 5.75 J/s 3) One room with spatial coolant (AC) having window-glass that its extent 2.67 X 10-8 X 0. account: a. get what runaway speed kalor's conduction ingoing goes to that room? A = (2.0m) (1.10-8 (3504 .25° =5°C Answer : = = .2 mm.8 w / m°K ∆T = 30°C .672.5m) = 3.10-8 watt/m2K4 a. .0 m 2 d. totaled energy that is emitted up to 1 hour.5 m2 and its temperature 27 oC.0001 X 1 X (1200)4 11. therefore e = 1 T1 = 300 K T2 = 350 K δ = 5.2 mm = 3. . R=∆ .2 x 10 -3 m k = 0. = 3. kalor that permeated unified extensive unified time b.T1) = 1.3004) = 391.5m and its thick 3.

Q = R. A. t Q = 391,72. 0,5. 3600 = 705060 Joule 5)A stem of 150 cm metal with section area of 30 cm2. One of it’s end touches the ice (0˚C) and another end touches and object with temperature of 100˚C. If it’s thermal conductivity is 0,9 cal/s cm˚C, calculate the heat that propragate passing through the metal in 10 seconds! K = 0,9 cal/s cm˚C A = 30 cm2 ∆T = 100˚C - 0˚C = 100˚C d = 150 cm t = 10 sekon Answer : = = 180 calor 6)A wall has the relative constant temperature 0f 25˚C in outdoor air temperature of 18˚C. Calculate the dissipation heat in 3 hours because of heat convection if the wall area 15 m2 and h = 3,5 J/s m2˚K h = 3,5 J/s m2 K, A = 15 m2 ∆T = 25˚C - 18˚C = 7˚C = 7˚K t = 3 hours = 10800 s Answer :

Q = h A ∆T t = (3,5)(15)(7)(10800) = 39,69 x 105 J 7)A copper ball of 20 cm2 is warmed up until 127˚C. If its emissivity is 0,4 and K4, calculate it’s energy of radiation per second. = 5,67 x 10-8 W/m2 K4 A = 20 cm2 = 2 x 10-3 m2 T = 273 + 127 = 400˚K = 5,67 x 10-8 W/m2

e = 0,4 Answer :

= (5,67 x 10-8)(2 x 10-3)(400)4 = 1,16 Watt

8) a fluid is flowing with a flow a longitudinal diameter width of40cm2 . the fluid is flowing from a place with a temperature of 100˚C to 30˚C. If the fluid’s ceefficient of thermal covection is 0,05 cal/m2s C˚. Count the amount of heat propagating per second ! Answer H : = h A ∆T = 0,05 x 40 x 10-4 x (100 – 30) = 140 x 10-4

KD4.3

1)Extensive perfect black body its surface 0,5 m2 and its temperature 27 oC. If temperature its peripheral 77 oC, account: a. kalor that permeated unified extensive unified time b. totaled energy that is emitted up to 1 hour. Answer: Black body, therefore e = 1 T1 = 300 K T2 = 350 K = 5,672.10-8 watt/m2K4 a. R = e (T24 – T14) = 1. 5,672.10-8 (3504 - 3004) = 391,72 watt/m2 b. R = . Q = R. A. t Q = 391,72. 0,5. 3600 = 705060 Joule

**2) Water as heavy as 100 g by 20°C's temperatures dashed with by temperatures 80 g water gets 70°C's
**

temperatures. Determine waters mixed temperature! m air1 = 100 g

m water water = 80 g T 1 = 20°C T 2 = 70°C Answer: Accepted = 20°C Given = 70°C Mixed temperature = x°C Kalor who is given = Kalor is accepted (0,08)(c)(70-x) = (0,10)(c)(x-200 5,6 – 0,08x = 0,1x – 2 0,18x = 7,6 7,6 = = 42,2° 0,8 3)Water as heavy as 150 g gets 80°C's temperatures is inserted into glass gets mass 150 g by 25°C's temperatures. Temperatures decreased determinative that water is acquired temperature balance kalor's glass water 840°C's glass water! Balance temperature = x Ta = 80°C Tg = 25°C Ma= mg =150g Ca = 4180 J/kg°C Cg = 840 J/kg°C Answer : Kalor is taken down = kalor is accepted Maca(Ta – x) = mgcg(x – Tg) O,15.4180.(80-x) = 0,15.840.(x-25) 50160 – 627x = 126x – 3150 53310 = 753x X = 70,8°C 4)A piece cubic aluminium with mass 200 90°C's gram and temperature is dyed into meaty container 1 kg water gets 20°C's temperature. Balance temperature determinative water aluminium. Kalor is water type 4180 j. / Kg°c and kalor is aluminium type 900J / Kg°C. Kalor takes down Q= mC∆t = 0,2 x 900 x (90 – x) =180(90-x) = 16200 – 180x Kalor accepts Q= mC∆t =1 x 4180 x (x – 20) =4180x – 83600 Kalor takes down = kalor accepts 16200 – 180x = 4180x – 83600

c.61kg 7 ) Alloy get mass 150 gr is heated until 500°C. therefore kalor type of substance second is as.(t-5) = 5.675.2 = m1 ca (x – T1) + mw cw (x – Tw) = 0.∆t3 0. / kg) Answer: In this process ice will experience three phase form.4 (4. Les = 3.c. / Kg°C ( ELMA ELVIANA ) .105 + 42.5x4.cair.5x3. Water lies in calorimeter that its container made from aluminium with mass 200 gr.000 x m2 2) m2 =2.L + m1.so its mixture temperature is 20 0C. Account kalor that alloy sample type Answer : Kalor that detached sample = calorimeter water absorbed heat m2 c2 (T2 – x) 0.340 = 24.2 47.5x2.000 = 84. which is temperature change Q grasping (ice) = Q escape (water) Q1 + Q2 +Q3 = Q4 163 m1.180)(28 – 15) + 0.1 x c2 (500 – 28) 47.4360x = 99800 X = 22. 105 j.35.736 + 2.cair.∆t1 = m2. K.c. Balance temperature that is reached is 28°C.5 kg ice gets temperature? 10 0C is dashed with a number water gets temperature 40 0C. then is inserted into water that its mass 400 gr and 15°C's temperatures.c.100x(0(10)) + 0.8°C 5)If 2 kg water gets temperatures 5 0C be dashed with 5 kg water gets temperatures 26 0C.t t = 140 : 7 t = 200C 6)If 0.200x(40-20)= m2x4.0C. / kg. Be water gets temperature 400C just experience one step.∆t2 = m2. and can mutually negate.(26-t) 2.ces. therefore mass determinative of water that is draughted! (ces = 2100 j. which is solid (ice).2 (900) (28 – 15) c2 c2 c2 = 21. melt together and form moltens. ∆t2 2.35.500 + 1. / kg.105 + 0. therefore determine both of mixed final temperature substance! Answer: Since both of substance a sort. kalor is that alloy sample type is 510 j.t – 10 = 130-5.200(4020) 10. c water = 4200 j.076 = 510 J/Kg˚C so.∆t1 + m1. Q grasping = q escapes m1.

the final temperature of the mix is….50 cm thick. If a much of 75 g water with a temperature 0 0C is mixed to as much of 50 g water 1000C.∆T = m. Q lepas = Q terima m.1 1.. If the fluid’s coefficient of thermal convection is 0. 3.if it is used to measure the boiling water temperature pointing to 1200X and in the ice pointing to -50X .c.2 cal/msC0. A fluid is flowing with a flow longitudinal diameter width of 20 cm2.how many does the mercury spilled ??? ( glass = 9 x 10-6 /0C and raksa = 1. At the temperature 270C. the thermometer 0C points at……. The glass in the window is 0.∆T 75(tc-0)=50(100-tc) 75tc=5000-50tc 75tc-50tc=5000 125tc=5000 Tc=400C 2.determine the length of the stick at temperature 1000C…… 6. A mercury thermometer shows the column lenght is 2 cm if one of the tips is immersed on the ice that is melting and shows the 12 cm lenght when it is immersed on the water that is boiling. A water vessel at temperature 00C has the volume 100 cm3. How 0C does that gas have to be heated in the constant pressure in order to make the volume be twice ?? KD 4.. a gas with volume V. A metal bar has a longitudinal of 10 cm2 and thickness of 1 m.the column length is 6 cm.KD 4. Count the energy radiated by an object processing a temperature of 1270C and its surface width is 2m2 for 1 minute if it is considered to be absolutely black…… 4. If vessel haave the coefficient of linear expansion 2 x 10-5/0C. One of the windows in a house has the shape of a square 1. The fluid is flowing from a place with a temperature 0f 1000C to 600C.c.00C ? (thermal conductivity of glass is 0. The length of the metal stick is 100 cm at temperature 250C.count the amount of heat propagating per second ??? 2.Then for a temperature of 240X.count the amount of heat propagating per second….1 1. If that vessel is filled by the mercury. How many the temperature of the the based on the Celcius scale ??? 5. 8. If it is immersed on the tea. then heated until 500C. If metal sticks have the coefficient of the linear expansion 1.. In how many temperature of the Celcius and Fahrenheit scale show the same value ??? 4.One of its ends is heated that the temperature difference of the two ends is 500C.84 W/mK) KD 4.8 x10.01 cal m2sC0. 3. How much heat it lost through this window in one day if the temperature in the house is 210C and the temperature outside is 0. 2.determine the volume of the vessel at temperature 750C ……… 7. = .0 m on a side. If the thermal conductivity is 0. A thermometer X.33 x 10-5/0C. A vessel has the volume 1 litre at temperature 250C.4 /0C )….2 1.

so C = (F-32) = = −32 4C = -160 C = . l0=100 cm and α = 1.400C 4. We have : ∆T = 1000C-250C = 750C . − 32 5.003) = 1.00099) = 100. We have : γ = 3α = 6 x 10-5/C0 ∆T = 750C-250C = 500C V0 = 1 litre Use the equation = VT = V0 (1 + γ∆T) = 1 (1 + 6 x 10-5/C0.20=C 3.003 litre . If the differentiation of the column is 6 cm – 2 cm = 4 cm.33 x 10-5/C0 Use the equation = ~ lT = l0 (1 + α. the temperature will be × 100 = 40° .1 cm 6. so the temperature of the tea is 400C.24 − −5 = 120 − −5 100 29 = 125 100 2900=1250C 23.∆T) = 100 (1 + 1. 500C) = 1 (1 + 0.33 x 10-5/C0.C = F . Use equation C = (F-32) or F = (F+32) In the case.750C) = 100 (1 + 0. The differentiation of the column is 12 cm-2 cm= 10 cm. The column leght is 10 cm shows temperature 1000C.

gas has to be heated until temperature T = T0 +∆ = 27℃ + 273℃ = 300℃ ∆ ∆ ∆ ) . Use formula VT = V0 ((1+γ.35 x 10-3) = 100.135 = 0.7 x 10-5/C0.135 cm3 = VT mercury = V0glass(1+γmercury.9 – 100.7.8 x 10-4/C0 and ∆T = 500C Use the equation = VTglass = V0glass (1+γglass∆T) = 100 (1+2. We have : αglass = 9 x 10-6/C0 = 3α glass =2.500C) = 100 (1+1.765 cm3 8. ∆T) = 100 (1+1.∆T) In the case. 500C) = 100 (1+9 x 10-3) = 100. VT = 2V0 VT = V0(1+γ ∆T) 2V0 = V0(1+ 2 = 1+ 1= ∆ = 273℃ In conclude.9 cm3 = The mercury that spilled = VTmercury-VTglass = 100.8 x 10-4/C0.7 x 10-5/C0 V0glass = 100 cm3 γmercury = 1.

2 ∆ × -4× : 0.KD 4. We have : T = 127+273=400 K W = e.459. = .459.7 x 10-8) (4004) = 1.36 x 10-3 J/s 3.2 x 2 x 60 E = 175.0 x 108 J ( INGE NINDIANA IRAWAN ) . . 86.50 cm = 0.∆ : 0.400s The square of the window : A = s2 The heat is lost trough the window in one day is: Q= ∆ .84) (1) Q = 3.400 Q = (0.84 W/mK t = one day = 86.01 x 20.0 m L : 0.2 = 0.10-4 x (100-60) : 8.10-4 x 4.104 J 4. H: h.A.2 : 3. We have : s : 1.2 1.2 watts/m2 The total radiated energy by the object is : E=WxAxt E = 1. T4 = (1)(5.0005m T1 = 210C T2 = 0.01 x 4.042 J/s 2. H : : 0.00C k = 0.

°R • = 4/5 x 367 °R .25 cm3 1.10-3. berapakah suhunya sekarang? Jawab: Lt = Lo ( 1 + α ∆t) ∆t = (Lt .75 = 124.100) = 250.1 cm.1 -100)/(100. Tabung itu berisi penuh dengan eter ( γ = 5.30 takhir = 130ºC 3.20 = 100ºC g = 3α = 3.1 1. 367°C= ……. Sebuah tabung terbuat dari gelas (α = 10-5/ºC) pada suhu 20ºC mempunyai volume sebesar 250 cm3.100) = 375 cm3 Jadi volume eter yang tumpah = 375 .tawal 100 = takhir .KD 4.10-5.75 cm3 Eter: Vº = 250 cm3 ∆t= 100ºC g = 5. Bila panjang batang baja itu sekarang menjadi 100.0 cm pada suhu 30ºC.10-5/ºC Vt = Vo(1 +γ ∆ t) Vt = 250 (1 + 3.10-5) = 100ºC ∆t = takhir .250.10-3/ºC Vt = Vo (1 + γ∆ t) Vt = 250 (1 + 5. °R • = 4/5 x 367 °R • = 293. Berapakah cm3 eter akan tumpah jika tabung dipanasi sampai 120ºC? Jawab: Gelas: Vo = 250 cm3 ∆t = 120 . 367°C= …….Lo) / (Lo α) ∆t = (100. Sebatang baja (angka muai linier 10-5/ºC) panjangnya 100.10-3/ºC)..6 °R 2..

how much is its temperature now? Lt = Lo ( 1 + α ∆t) ∆t = (Lt .1 cm.1 -100)/(100.10-3 / º C).0 cm [at] temperature 30ºC. That tube contain full of ether = 5.100) = 375 cm3 Become ether volume which pour is = 375 .6 °R 2.75 = 124.100) = 250.250. If/When bar length become militant that now become 100. One steel ( number of expansion linear 10-5 / º C) length 100.10-5/ºC Vt = Vo(1 +γ ∆ t) Vt = 250 (1 + 3.Lo) / (Lo α) ∆t = (100.10-3/ºC Vt = Vo (1 + γ∆ t) Vt = 250 (1 + 5.10-3.tawal 100 = takhir .30 takhir = 130ºC 3.10-5.20 = 100ºC g = 3α = 3.75 cm3 Ether: Vº = 250 cm3 ∆t= 100ºC g = 5.10-5) = 100ºC ∆t = takhir . How much is ether cm3 of pour if hot tube until 120ºC? Glass: Vo = 250 cm3 ∆t = 120 .25 cm3 ( Muhammad ainul Yaqin ) . A made tube of glass = 10-5 / º C) [at] temperature 20ºC having volume equal to 250 cm3.• = 293.

1 cm dan α = 10 /0C.1 . jika panjang baja itu sekarang 100. Fanrenheit.1 cm. Sebuah Benda mempunyai suhu 550 C.273 TK = Tc + 273 = 55 + 273 = 3280 K. Express the temperature of the object in the Reamur.100.1 cm and α = 10 /0C. Fanrenheit. tentukan suhu baja itu sekarang! ) @ Solution @ a. Determine the temperature of steel now! ( Seutas kawat baja mempunyai panjang 100 cm pada suhu 300C. 2. And Kelvin Scales! ) @ SOLUTION ! @ a. In Fanrenheit Scales ( 0F ) Tc = 5/9 ( TF .32 ) TF = 9/5 Tc + 32 = 9/5 ( 55 ) + 32 oF. In Reamur Scales ( 0R ) Tc = 5/4 TR TR = 4/5 Tc = 4/5 (55) oR = 440 R. and α = 10 /0C.100. c. £ = £o ( 1 + α T) -5 -5 –5 Cause £ = 100. If the length of the steel now is 100.1. £0 = 100 cm. b. then : . A steel wire has length of 100 cm at temperature 300 C.1 = 100 ( 1 + 10 ( = 100 + 10 -3 -5 T)) T. = 1310 F. dan Kelvin! ( An Object has temperature of 550 C. . In Kelvin Scales ( 0K ) Tc = TK . Nyatakan suhu benda tersebut dalam skala Reamur.

Dijawab : -Qlepas = Qterima -mzat . ( tx – tair ) 500 .. -3 . 0. dan kalor jenis zat asam = 0.T . Cair . ??? c. -Cair = 1 Kkal/Kg0C -Czat = 0. Czat .mair = 500 Gram -mzat = 200 Gram -tair -tzat = 100C = 500C 0.1 T = 10 -3 T. Ditanya : -tx ………………………….1/10 0C = 100 0C = T – T0 = 300 C 1000C = T . 0.0C.T0 = 0.5 ( 50 .5 Kkal/Kg0C b. Diketahui : .0.2 Kg. kemudian diaduk hingga suhu campuran dalam keadaan kesetimbangan.5 Kkal/Kg 0C. a. tentukan suhu campuran dalam keadaan setimbang. Air sebanyak 500 Gram bersuhu 100C dicampur dengan 200 Gram zat asam.5 Kg.67 0C. ( tx – 10 ) 500 tx – 5000 600 tx 16. ( tzat . jika kalor jenis air = 1 Kkal/Kg. bersuhu 500C. tx = .tx ) = -5000 – 100 tx = 10000 = mair .tx ) = -200 .300C T = 1300C 3. 1 .

t = 8 0C. ! c. 8 ( MUHAMMAD FIQHI IBAD ) . suhunya akan naik sebesar 800C bila diberikan kalori sebesar 400 Kalori? @Solution@ a.5 Kal/ Gram 0C. Diketahui : .c = Q/m . = 400/100 .. Dijawab : -Q =m.0. Ditanya : . .Q = 400 Kalori b.4. Berapakah kalor jenis suatu zat.c. bila massa benda tersebut sebesar 100 Gram. t .c ……………….m = 100 Gram . t .

Determine the broad end of the glass! D1 = A0 = 2 m2 .10-6 K. fahrenheit and kelvin scales ! D1 = 600C D2 = a. 10−5 / Κ t1 = 0 0C t2 = 100 0 C D2 = ∆l D3 = ∆l = lo . If the iron along the 20 m long with a coefficient of expansion 1. R = 4 x 60 5 = 48 0R b. K D3 = a. α .4.5. Glass area of 2 m2.2 . 1. express the temperature of the object in the reamur. F c.10-5.2. 10-5 / K temperature is heated from 0 0 C to 100 0C.1. R b. then specify the increment length ! D1 = lo = 20 m α = 1. with a long expansion coefficient 8. ∆t ∆l = 20 . K = 60 + 273 = 3330K 2. having heating from 20 ° C to 120 ° C.10-3 m 3. F = 9 x 60 (+32) 5 = 108 + 32 = 140 0F c. (100– 0) ∆l =2.2. An object has temperature 600C.

1 cm 5.β = 8. A metal rod made of aluminum length 2 m in 30 ° C. α . ∆t = 2 .10-6 K t1 = 200C t2 = 1200C D2 = At D3 = At =Ao (1+ b.5.8.10-5 .(120 – 20 ) At =2. (50 – 30 ) = 10 -3 m ∆l = 0.∆t) At =2 (1+ 2 x 8. ( 25 x 10 -6 ) .66 m2 4. If the heat kind of brass 1. height 2 m. 105 / K.5. What is the added length of the aluminum rod when temperature is raised to 50 ° C! D1 = lo = 2 m α = 25 x 10-6 / ° C t1 = 30 ° C t2 = 50 ° C D2 = ∆l D3 = ∆l = lo . A brass block has a length of 5 m. determine the volume of brass at a temperature of 120 ° C! D1 = length = 5 m Height = 2 m Width = 1 m γ = 1.10-6. When the long expansion coefficient of aluminum 25 x 10-6 / ° C.8. and width of 1 m at 20 ° C.

∆t) Vt =(5 x 2 x 1) (1+3.t1 t2 D2 = Vt = 20 ° C = 120 ° C D3 = Vt =Vo (1+ g. Fahrenheit. 9 x 40 (+32) 4 = 90 +32 = 122 oF 7. Express the temperature of the object in the celcius. Boiling water temperature 30 ° C thermometer X has the TTA and TTB 150 ° X -50 ° X Y thermometer has the TTA and TTB 130 ° Y 30 ° Y Determine how the water temperature boiling thermometer according to X and Y! D1 = Boiling water temperature = 30 ° C TTAX = 130 °X TTBX = -50 °X TTAY = 130 °Y TTBY = 30 °Y D2 = temperature thermometer X and Y D3 = Thermometer X .8. An object has temperature 400R.x1.054 m3 6. F D3 = a.(120 – 20 ) Vt =10. C b.10-5. 5 x 40 4 = 500C b. and Kelvin scales! D1 = 400R D2 = a.

30° = 30 Y = 60 Y = Y .TTBC TTAX – TTBX = X + 50° 150° +50° 30 ° = X + 50° 100 200 30° = X + 50° 2 X + 50° = 60° X = 10° Thermometer Y 30° .TTBC 30 °.30° 130° .0° 100° .0 100° = X .30° = Y .0° 30° 100 Y .30° 100 ( Muhammad rizqi alfian ) .C – TTBC TTAC .

4 σ = 5. 65oC o = ……….195.4 . A . how much radiation energy per second ? Answer : D1 : A = 10m2 T = 10 oC = 283oK e = 0. 10 . If emisitas 0.1. 4180 . 60 = 2508 x 103J REMIDI KD 4. oC = 5/9 x (98. 2834 = 221291.553 watt . 6oF = ……….6 = 37 oC 2.65o C = 195. 35o + 32o = 109. 67 x 10-8 W / m2 K t = 15 s D2 : P…. 35oK = ………oC = 77.6oF.oF • 77. T4 = Q/15 = 0. 35 K = 77.2 1.4 and σ = 5. State the temperature in Celsius and Fahrenheit scale? Answer : • 77. 67 x 10-8 . Copper triangle has an area of 50 m2 with temperatures up to 10oC with 60 s. What is the normal human body temperature in Celsius scale? Answer : 98. σ .6 – 32) = 5/9 x 66.35oK. Normal human body temperature was 98.35o – 273o = . ∆T = 10 . C .???? D3 : P = Q / t = e . How much heat is required to raise the temperature of 10 kg of water from 20 oC to 80 oC? heat of o water = 4180 J / kg C? Answer : D1 : m = 10 kg = 20 oC T1 T2 = 80 oC Cair = 4180 J/kgoC D2 : Q……??? D3 : Q = m . 35oC 3. 67 x 10 W / m2 K. The temperature of the boiling point of nitrogen is 77. 5.

(T2 .5 m and thick 3.T1)/ L = Q/20 = 40 .1 m2 T1 = 100 oC = 120 oC T2 K = 40 J/s m oC t = 20 s D2 : H…….9 W/m K t = 15 D2 : H…. (30-15)/3 = Q/10 = 0. how much head that propagate passing throught the metal in 15 second ??? Answer : D1 : ℓ = 500 m = 50 m2 T1 = 20oC = 293 oK T2 = 50oC = 323 oK K = 0.9 W/m K. 5 = 3 m A = 3.?? D3 : H = Q/t = K .9 . 50 .1 . 0032 m2 T1 = 15 oC T2 = 30 oC K = 0. A thick pieces 3 cm of steel has a section area of 1000 cm2.84 J/s m oC ? Answer : D1 : L = 2. with time what is the heat that moves through these pieces every second? With time 20 s and thermal conductivity (k) steel = 40 J / s m Co ? Answer : D1 : L = 3 cm = 0. if the temperature at the surface of the inner and outer windows 15 oC and 30 oC with 10 s and a thermal conductivity of 0.66667 = Q =2666.03 = Q/20 = 2666. (323-293)/500 = Q/15 = 2. 5 J So.3334 J . 0 x 1.01344 = Q = 10 . 20 = Q = 53333.7 . 5/15 = 2.T1)/ L = Q/10 = 0.0 m x 1.0032 . One of its and touches the ice 20oC and touches an object with temperature of 50 oC. 2 mm = 0. 1344 J 4.2. A . A .84 J/s m oC t = 10 s D2 : Q…. if its thermal conductivity is 0.??? D3 : H = Q/t = K .01344 = 0. 20/0.?? D3 : H = Q/t = K . 15 = 40.2 mm. 0. A . 0.7 J/s 3. What speed the flow of heat through the glass window which an area 2. (T2 .7 = Q = 2. 84 . A stem of 500 m copper with an area 50 m2. 0.66667 . H = Q/ t = 40. (T2 – T1)/ ℓ = Q/15 = 0. If one side has a temperature of 100 oC and the other side has a temperature of 120 oC. 03 m A = 1000 cm2 = 0.

67 x 10 -8 . σ . A rectangular thin steel plate with side length 10 cm.5 m2. A . 0004 . Answer : D1 : T1 = 15oC = 288 oK T2 = 34oC = 307 oK A = 1.??? D3 : P = Q/t = e ..3334/20 = 2666. σ . 0.66667 J/s 5. T4 = Q/t = 0. If the athlete's body temperature was 34oC with skin surface area 1.67 x 10 -8 . K4 D2 : W :…? D3 : W = e . 0004 m2 T = 500oC = 773 oK t = 10 minutes = 600 s e =1 σ = σ = 5.67 x 10 -8 W/ m2. A .4053257 watt 6. Determine heat radiation energy every second.5 . 1954/600 = 81. An athlete is to cool down in silence in the locker room with a temperature 15oC. 1954 J So. Answer : D1 : A = 2(10 cm)2 = 0.67 x 10 -8 W/ m2.?? D3 : P = Q/t = e . 7734 = Q/600 = 81.7 T2 – T1 = 307 – 288 = 19oK D2 : P…. 194 = Q/t = 0.So. is heated in a furnace so that its temperature . 5. K4 D2 : P….4053257 = Q = 81.7). If the object can be considered as a black body.67 x 10 -8 W/ m2. 10004 = 1134 J 7. Determine the radiation given athlete's body (body emission coefficient = 0. 0.02 .. T4 = 1 . A square-shaped object with a length of 4 cm2 side has a temperature of 500 oC and has 50 minutes. 600 Q = 48843. T4 = Q/600 = 1 . 1.67 x 10 -8 W/ m2. 7 .. K4 e = 0.02 m2 e =1 T = 727 +273 = 1000 oK σ = 5.5 m2 σ = 5.4053257 .67 x 10 -8 . P = Q/t = 48843. K4) Answer : D1 : L = 4 cm2 = 0. 5.( σ = 5. 5.07799712 J/s reaches 727oK. determine the energy radiated per second . σ . H = Q/t = 53333. A .

Calculate the amount of head required to melt 150 gram.c2.15/220 = 0.15 .∆t2 50.i = 200 x i= 10.∆t + m. 2100 .15 kg = 15o C = 15 + 273 = 288 oK T1 T2 = 25 oC = 25 + 273 = 298 oK Cwater = 4200J/kg K Cice = 2100 J/kg K Lice = 144000K/kg.c1. ? D3 : ♦ P = e . temperature 1127oC. How many ampere current flowing in the lamp socket is connected with (voltage 220 V).89 Watt ♦ P listrik = 10. A . for the lights to work? Answer : D1 : A= 50 mm2 = 50 x 10-6 m2 T (1127+273) = 1400 oK e=1 σ = 5.. and filament are as black objects. T4 = 1 x 5. D2 : Q total …?? D3 : Q ice + Q water + L ice = m.3 1.. if 50 grams of water has a temperature of 10oC was mixed with 25 grams of water with a temperature of 80oC then the final temperature of the mixture is .89/0. Answer : D1 : M = 150 gr = 0.(Tc – 10) = 25. 60 % of the electrical energy delivered to the light radiated in the form of heat. if Cwater = 4200J/kg K. i = 18. 10 + 144000 = 3150 + 6300 + 144000 = 153450 J o 2.67 x 10-8 x 50 x 10-6 x (1400)4 = 10.15 W ♦ P listrik = V.0825 A REMIDI KD 4. Incandescent spiral wire 50 mm2 surface area. K4 60% daya listrik menjadi radiasi kalor D2 : i. σ .∆t1 = m2.c.15. Cice = 2100 J/kg K and Lice = 144000K/kg.(80 – Tc) 50 Tc – 500 = 2000 – 25 Tc .89/60%= 10.67 x 10 -8 W/ m2. D1 : M1 = 50 gr M2 = 25 gr T1 = 10oC T2 = 80oC D2 = Tc…?? = D3 Q lepas = Q terima m1.c.15 .8.60 = 18. has a temperature ice 15 oC into water 25 C. 4200 . 10 + 0.∆t + L ice = 0.

ice cubes are mixed with hot tea. • Q terima = mc∆T = (0.2 kg Massa teh hangat = 0.8 kJ = .2 kg) (4180 J/Kg Co) (40 oC) = 33.44 kJ . Mass = 0.50 Tc + 25 Tc = 2000 + 500 75 Tc = 2500 Tc = 2500/75 = 33.2 kg..8 x 103 Joule = 66. ice temperature of hot tea = 40 stone and warm water is mixed into a closed system.37.440 Joule = 33.2 kg) (2100 J/Kg Co) (0 oC – (‐10 oC)) = (0.2 kg) (4180 J/Kg Co) (40 oC – 0 oC) = (0. D1 : M1 = 30 gr M2 = 20 gr T1 = 15oC T2 = 50oC D2 = Tc…?? D3 = Q lepas = Q terima m1. ice temperature = -10 ° C. After sticking for some time. while the o C.c2.2 kg ice cube ( needed to heat alter all ice cube become water) • Q lebur = mLF = (0. A piece of ice cube of mass 0.2 kg) (334 x 103 J/Kg) = 66.2 kg ice cube for the ascend of its temperature from ? 10 oC until 0 oC.8 kJ Pursuant to result of calculation above..(x-15) = 20 (50 – x) 30x – 450 = 1000 – 20x 30x + 20x = 1000 + 450 50x = 1450 X = 1450/50 X = 29oC .56 kJ So. if 30 grams of water has a temperature of 15oC was mixed with 20 grams of water with a temperature of 50oC then the final temperature of the mixture is .66.2 kg of hot tea.4.∆t2 30. 333 oC 3.2 kJ. obtained by the following result : • Q lepas – Q terima – Q lebur =33.2 kJ needed to heat melt 0.2 kg) (2100 J/Kg Co) (10 oC) = 4200 Joule = 4.c1.44 kJ Head accepted by 0. final temperature below o0C or fixed o0C 4. what is the temperature after the intervention ? D1 Massa es batu = 0.2 kg Kalor jenis (c) air = 4180 J/kg Co Kalor jenis (c) es = 2100 J/kg Co Kalor Lebur (LF) air = 334 x 103 J/Kg Suhu es batu (Tes batu) = ‐10 oC Suhu teh hangat (T teh hangat) = 40 oC D2 : Suhu campuran = ? D3 : Steps first : • Q lepas = mc∆T = (0.∆t1 = m2.

5 .. the ice 50 grams in temperature 10 oC mixed with ice 30 grams in the temperature 50 oC. ∆twater 0. (Cair = 1 kkal/kg Co) Answers : D1 : mal = 0. (C ice = 2100 cal / gr).∆t2 50 . Cal .25 kkal/kg Co ( MUHIMMATUS SYARIFAH ) .60 = 0. determine the mixture temperature of both ice.∆t1 = m2.5.5 kg T1 = 25oC D2 : Q…?? D3 : Qlepas = Qterima mal .5 kg and the temperature 100oC is added to the calorimeter.5 . ∆twater = mwater . 1 .c2. Cwater . ( 40 – 25 ) 0. In the temperature 40 oC. 15 = 15 Cal . 60 Cal = 15/60 Cal = 0. If the water mass in the calorimeter 0.c1. (100 – 40 ) = 0.5 kg = 100 oC T1 T2 = 40 oC mwater = 0.5 kg and the water temperature at first 25oC. 1 . Cal . the thermal balance condition. determine the alumunium specific heat. Cal . D1 : M1 = 50 gr M2 = 30 gr T1 = 10oC T2 = 50oC D2 = Tc…?? D3 = Q lepas = Q terima m1.5 . the mass of alumunium 0.5 . (x-10) = 30 (50-x) 50x – 500 = 1500 – 30x 50x + 30x = 1500 + 500 80x = 2000 X = 2000/80 X = 25oC 6.

.K M. How much calor one at need to raise that object temperature as big as 50oC ? Answer : D1 =C =∆ D2 D3 = 1000 Joule / oC = 50 o C = Q ……? =Q = c .000 Joule ( NANDA PRADANA ) . how much is the specific heat ? Answer : m = 10 kg T=5K Q = 25 kj (a) =C = Q = 25. The temperature of an iron rod with 10 kg mass is going to be raised by 5 K .10 =5000 kal 3.1 1. on temperature 0oC as water the lot that 0oC ? if at knows calor laten ice fusion becomes water as big as 10 kal / gr ? Answer : D1 = m = 500 gr. If the heat needed is 25 kj . One object with calor’s capacity 1000 Joule / oC . 50 =5.000J = 500 J/kg.∆ = 1000 .L = 500 . How much out grow if calor that at needs to thaw ice as much 500 g .4.∆ (10kg)(5 K) 2.? D3 =Q =m. L = 10 kal/gr D2 = Q…….

K = 2. An object with mass of 0.5 kg)(4. we get = mc = 5 Kg 400 Kg. = 400 J/Kg (b) According to Equation [5-2]. we get = ∆ = .000 J/K 3.9 J/ kgºC (0.200 J/KgºC.1]. what is (a) the specific heat and (b) the heat capacity of the iron rod? Answer : m = 5 kg ΔT = 10 K Q = 20 kJ (a) According to Equation [5-2]. According to the black Qreleased = Qreceived (mobject)(Cobject)(ΔTobject) = (mwater)(Cwater)(ΔTwater) Cobject = (mwater)(Cwater)(ΔTwater) (mobject)(ΔTobject) = (0. The temperature of an iron rod with 5kg mass is going to be raised by 10 K.5 kg)(61ºC) ( NANDINI CANDRIKA ) . 4. Express that temperature in the fahrenhait scale. while the water receives heat.200 J/kgºC ΔTwater = 39ºC-25ºC= 14ºC The object releases heat.1 1. we get : 1= = = ℃ ℃ ℃ ℃ ℉ ℃ ℉ + Tb1 ℉ + 32ºC ℃ + 32℉ = 36ºF+32ºF = 68ºF 2. Answer : mobject = mwater= 0. Answer : we take the fahrenhait scale in question as T1 and the known Celcius scale as T2. If the final temperature is 39ºC and the specific heat of the water is 4. According to equation [5. If the heat needed is 20 Kj.5 kg at 100ºC is immersed into water with the same mass at 25ºC.5 kg ΔTobject = 100ºC-39ºC=61ºC Cwater = 4.REMIDI KD. An object has 20ºC. find the specific heat of the object.200 J/kgºC)(14ºC) = 963.

6 oC 3) An object has a heat capacity of 2000 J / oC.4 kg ∆T = 50oC . ∆T = (2.1 x 10-5/oC.40oC = 10 ° C Q = 8400 J Asked: c? c = Q / (m. T) c = (8400 J) / (0.000 J / C) (10 ° C) = 20 000 joules = 20 kJ 4) To raise the temperature of aluminum which has a mass of 400 grams of 10 ° C to 50oC temperature. calculate the length of the stem after a long brick expands and added it! Completion: L0 = 60 cm t0 = 0oC t1 = 80oC . heat is needed for 8400 J. determine the number indicated if the water temperature was measured with a thermometer fahrenheit scale! Solution: C = 40 ° C C / 5 = (F-32) / 9 40 / 5 = (F-32) / 9 → F . Determine the amount of heat required to raise the body temperature of 10 ° C! Completion: Given: C = 2000 J / oC ∆T = 10 ° C Asked: Q? Q = C.1) Results of measurement using water temperature is 40 ° C centigrade thermometer scale. if the temperature is raised to 80oC and long steel expansion coefficient 1.40o C) = 525 J / kgoC 5) Steel bar of length 60 cm at 0oC. c) = (42. c.32 = 72 F = 104oF 2) If to heat 1 kg of silver which has a calorific type 230 J / kgoC.000 J) / ((1 kg) (230 J / kgoC)) = 182.4 kg . 42.∆ T ∆T = Q / (m.000 joules of energy needed. Determine the heat of these types of aluminum! Completion: Given: m = 400 g = 0. determine the temperature changes that occur! Completion: Q = m.

how much alcohol will spill? (Length .00102) = 1801.125 = 2500.00102) = 1800 (1. ΔT) = 60 {1 + (1. L0. 10 cm width. what is the volume of copper block now? Completion: V0 = P0. 1. 12 = 1800 cm3 ΔT = 45-25 = 20oC Volume beam after heating are: Vt = V0 (1 + 3α x Δt) = 1800 {1 + 3 (17 x 10-6) (20)} = 1800 (1 + 0. L0 = 2500 cm2 ΔT = 150-30 = 120oC β = 2α = 2(25 x 10-6/oC = 50 x 10-6/oC At = Ao (1 + β. 120) = 2500 + 0. T0 = 15.0528 cm Then: ΔL = Lt . determine the broad square aluminum if temperature is raised to 150oC! Completion: = 50 cm β0 and L0 α = 25 x 10-6/oC A0 = β0. 10.8 x 10-4) = 60.L0 = (60. 125 cm2 At 7) Copper beam measuring 15 cm long. 84 cm3 Vt 8) A glass volume 500 cl glass full of alcohol at a temperature of 0oC. If the glass is heated so that the glass temperature and alcohol become 80oC.00088 Lt = 60.0528 cm 6) Square-shaped aluminum plate with a length of its sides is 50 cm and temperature 30oC.1 x 10-5/oC The length of the stem after expand are: Lt = L0 (1 + α. Copper beam is then heated to 45oC.0528-60) cm = 0. If the length expansion coefficient of copper 17 x 10-6/oC. Δt) = 2500 (1 + 50 x 10-6/oC. has a temperature of 25oC.1 x 10-5) (80-0)} = 60 (1 + 8. and height 12 cm.α = 1. If the length expansion coefficient of aluminum is 25 x 10-6/oC.

088) = 500 (1.25) Vt = 6 (1 + 68.32 cal / msoC (50 m2) ((40 C) / (1 m)) H = 0.00218) = 544 cl = 501.32 cal / msoC ΔT = 40 °C A = 50 cm2 L=1m H = k.5 m3 10) Heat propagate from left to right through a medium of metal rods that have a thermal conductivity of 0. what volume of gas now? Completion: Given: V0 = 6 m3 Δt = (80 .00218) = 500 (1.9 cl 9) A room containing a gas volume of 6 m3 helium at a temperature of 11.09 cl Volume of spilled alcohol were: ΔV = 544 . A.000027.000009) (80)} = 500 {1 + (0.0011 /oC) Completion: ΔT = 80-0 = 80oC Glass volume: The volume of alcohol: Vt = V0 (1 + 3α x ΔT) → Vt = V0 (1 + Υ x ΔT) = 500 {1 + 3 (0.32 cal / msoC.75 oC.expansion coefficient of glass = 0.064 cal / s 11) Find the energy emitted by a perfect black body temperature is 127oC! Completion: T = 127oC = 127 + 273 = 400oK .25 / 273) Vt = 6 (1 + 0.0011) (80)} = 500 (1 + 0. length 1 m and 40 °C temperature difference between the two ends.501.000009 /oC and alcohol volume expansion coefficient = 0.11. If the temperature is raised to 80oC at constant pressure.75) = 68. ΔT / L = 0.25 = 7. determine the speed of propagation of heat in the trunk! Completion: k = 0.088) = 500 (1 + 0.25) Vt = 6 x 1.09 = 42. Sectional area of the metal rod 50 cm 2. 80) = 500 (1 + 0.25 oC Vt = V0 (1 + 1 / 273 x ΔT) Vt = 6 (1 + 1 / 273 x 68.

which is 100oC.67 x 10-8 watt/m2 (K)4 E = e. known to heat water type 4.001 m2 ΔT = 80-70 = 10 °C Asked: Big Heat who moved? H = h.2 kJkg-1 oC-1) (80oC) = 672 kJ 14) An object has a heat capacity of 2000 J oC-1. Completion: m = 2 kg c = 4. σ. ΔT = (2.2 kJkg -1 oC-1. Δt = (0. t = (5 x 10-4 cal/s) (3600 s) Q = 1.2 kJkg-1 oC-1 ΔT = 100-20 = 80oC Q = m.05) (0. Δt = (2 kg) (4.e=1 σ = 5.001) (10) H = 5 x 10-4 cal/s In 1 hour.67 x 10-8) (400)4 = 1452 watt/m2 12) propagate in a gas pipe with cross-sectional area 10 cm2. calculate the amount of heat is transferred for 1 hour known thermal gas convection coefficient is 0. A. Determine the amount of heat required to raise temperatures of 10°C! Completion: Given: C = 2000 J oC-1 ΔT = 10 °C Asked: Q? Q = C.000 J oC-1) (10°C) . c. the gas flow from the temperature 70oC.8 cal 13) Determine the amount of heat needed to heat the water as much as 2 kg of 20oC temperature until it reaches its boiling point. a lot of heat that moves are: Q = H.05 cal /s m2 oC! Completion: Given: A = 10 cm2 = 0. T4 = (1) (5.

= 20 000 joules = 20 kJ 15) Known heat melting ice 3.36 x 105Jkg-1.36 x 105Jkg-1) = 0.68 x 104J M = Q / L = (1. determine the temperature of the mixture of water! Completion: Given: mtea = 60 mL Ttea = 80oC Mice = 40 mL Tice = 5oC cteh = cair if the final temperature of the mixture is tc.36 x 105Jkg-1 Q = 1. Completion: L = 3.Tc) = maircair (Tc . Determine the amount of heat required to melt 100 grams of ice! Completion: Given: L = 3.68 x 104J) / (3.1 kg) (3. L = (0.200 oC 100 Tc = 5000 °C Tc = 50 oC 18) The temperature scale shows the number of degrees X 70 degrees. if known heat type heat tea water with cold water species. what is the corresponding number in degrees Celsius Completion: ToX = 2 / 3 (t .Tc) = 40 mL (Tc .05 kg / 500 grams 17) Inside there is a glass of tea as much as 60 mL of water with a temperature of 80oC.Tair) 60 mL (80 °C .36 x 104 J 16) Known heat frozen water 3.5 °C) 4800 oC .1 kg Q = m. into a glass of water is added 40 mL 5 oC temperature. if the mass of the object is equal to 100 grams of the temperature will rise by 8oC when administered calories by 400 calories Completion: Given: Q = 400 calories m = 100 grams .36 x 105Jkg-1 m = 0. then. specify the amount of water which freezes when the temperature 0oC absorbed energy of 1.10) oC 70oX = 2 / 3 (70-10)oC = 2 / 3 (60)oC = 40 °C 19) What kind of heat a substance.68 x 104J of that water. is obtained: Q lepas (tea) = Q terima (water ice) mteactea (Ttea .(60 Tc) = (40 Tc) .36 x 105Jkg-1) = 3.36 x 105Jkg-1.

3345 π = 4. Δt) At = 4 {1 + 22 x 10-6 /oC (100-20)} At = 4 (1 + 1 760 x 10-6) At = 4 (1 + 0. The 2 cm diameter marbles.0012 Vt = 1. at a temperature of 0oC. if the length expansion coefficient of aluminum 25 x 10-6 / oC. Δt → c = Q / (m. 100) Vt = 4 / 3 π (1 + 0.1 cm 21) Iron plate area 4 m2 at 20oC temperature. Completion: V0 = 4 / 3 πR3 = 4 / 3 π. the extent now what? expansion coefficient of long-known iron 11 x 10-6/oC Completion: α = 11 x 10-6/oC → β = 22 x 10-6 / oC At = A0 (1 + α. Completion: Given: l = 2 meters Δt = (50-30) oC = 20oC Δl = α. what is the added length of the aluminum rod when the temperature is raised to 50oC.00176 m2 22) A marble made of glass. Δt) Vt = 4 / 3 π (1 + 9 x 10-6. α = 9 x 10-6 / oC Thus: Vt = V0 (1 + Υ. Δt) = 400 / (100 . c.19 cm3 .t = 8oC Q = m. 13 = 4 / 3 π cm 2 Δt = 100oC Υ = 3. Δt Δl = (25 x 10-6) (2) (50-30) Δl = 10-3 m Δl = 0.8) = 0.0009) = 4 / 3 π + π 0.5 cal / groC 20) A metal rod made of aluminum length of 2 meters at 30oC.00176) At = 4. with a long expansion coefficient of 3 x 10-6/oC. l0. what is the volume of marbles that when heated to a temperature of 100oC. when the temperature was raised to 100oC.

Δt → Δt = 1000/200 = 5oC The temperature at first t1 = 25oC Then: Δt = t2 . Δt 1000 = 200.23) Water as much as 200 grams at a temperature of 25oC is given in calories.2 joules then: C = ΔQ / Δt → Δt = ΔQ / C = 200/100 = 2oC ( RAZAN MIQDAD A. Determine the water temperature after heating it! Completion: Q = m. Completion: C = 100 calories / oC ΔQ = 840 joules = 200 calories remember: 1 calorie = 4. ) .t1 5 = t2 .25 → t2 = 30oC 24) Heat capacity of a calorimeter is 100 calories. if the heat kind of water 1 cal / groC. by way of heating at 1000 calories. 1. What is the change in temperature when it absorbs heat calorimeter 840 joules. c.

later. Type Kalor of alumunium 900J / singk of K. [count/calculate] mixture temperature. Neglectfully transfer of kalor to environment [about/around] and canister absorb heat. rasher of Alumunium with mass 200 g [in] heating until its temperature reach 90 C.KD 4. x°C diantara 20°C dan 90°C Suhu alimunium turun : ∆ 1 = T1 – x = (90 – x)°C atau (90 – x) K Alumunium melepas kalor : Q1 = m1c1∆ 1 = (0.3 1. type kalor irrigate 4200J / singk K.2 kg ) (900 J/kg K )(90 – x ) = 180 ( 90 – x ) J Suhu air naik : ∆ 2 = x – T2 = ( x – 20 )°C atau ( x -20 ) Air menerima kalor : .1 kg c2 = 4200 J/kg K T2 =20°C Suhu akhir campuran (air dan alumunium) = x°C. ANSWER ALUMUNIUM: m 1= 200 g = 0. Eternity of energy [at] mixing two LOOK vitamin neglectfully kalor which [in] absorber by place of mixing.then [is] immediately dropped into a[n containing canister 100 g irrigate [at] temperature 20 C.2 c1 = 200 J/kg T1 = 90°C AIR: m2 = 100 g = 0.

076 C2 = 420 J/ kg°C 3. irrigate to stay in calorimeter which place of made him of alumunium with mass 200 gr.076 C2 = 0.2c2 = 24. irrigate to stay in calorimeter which place of made him of alumunium with mass 200 gr.340 52.340 57. later.2 ( 900 ) ( 28-15) 52. alloy have Mass [to] 150 gr [in] heating until 600 C. alloy have Mass [to] 150 gr [in] heating until 700 C.then into water which [is] its mass 400 temperature and gr 15 C. ANSWER : Kalor which [in] discharging sampel = absorbed heat irrigate and calorimeter m 2c2 (T2-x) = m1ca ( x. Balance temperature which [in] reaching [is] 28 C.20) J Azaz black : QLEPAS = QTERIMA 420 ( x – 20 ) = 180 ( 90 – x ) 7 ( x – 20 ) = 3 ( 90 – x ) 10 x = 270 – 3x sX = 41 2. Balance temperature which [in] reaching [is] 28 C.736 + 2.1 x c2 ( 550-28) = 0 . Calculate type kalor of sampel alloy.2 ( 900 ) ( 28-15) 57.180) ( 28.4 ( 4.2c2 = 24.1 x c2 ( 600-28) = 0 . later.2 c2 = 21. Calculate type kalor of sampel alloy. Balance temperature which [in] reaching [is] 28 C.T1 ) + mwcw (x-Tw) 0.15) + 0. m 2c2 (T2-x) = m1ca ( x.then into water which [is] its mass 400 temperature and gr 15 C.T1 ) + mwcw (x-Tw) 0. Calculate type kalor of sampel alloy.4 ( 4.180) ( 28.2 c2 = 21. irrigate to stay in calorimeter which place of made him of alumunium with mass 200 gr.Q2 = m2 c2 ∆ 2 = (0.20) K) = 420 ( x . alloy have Mass [to] 150 gr [in] heating until 550 C.461 J/ kg°C 4. later. .1 kg ) ( 4 200 J/kg K ( x .then into water which [is] its mass 400 temperature and gr 15 C.736 + 2. ANSWER : Kalor which [in] discharging sampel = absorbed heat irrigate and calorimeter.15) + 0.

If A number menunjukan tremometer. ANSWER : ∆A : ∆B = 25 : 50 ∆A : ∆B = 1 : 2 Pada skala A. later.736 + 2.15) + 0. . QR = ∆A = 75 – 25 = 50° B Pada skala B.2 J/ kg°C 5.340 67.T1 ) + mwcw (x-Tw) 0.1 x c2 ( 700-28) = 0 . Calculate type kalor of sampel alloy.then into water which [is] its mass 400 temperature and gr 15 C.180) ( 28. irrigate to stay in calorimeter which place of made him of alumunium with mass 200 gr. 2c2 = 21.T1 ) + mwcw (x-Tw) 0.4 ( 4. ANSWER : Kalor which [in] discharging sampel = absorbed heat irrigate and calorimeter m 2c2 (T2-x) = m1ca ( x.180) ( 28.736 + 2.076 C2 = 358. QR = ∆B = ( 50 – X )° B ∆A dan ∆B 25 : 50 : 1 : 2 50 : ( 50 – X ) = 1: 2 . . .2 ( 900 ) ( 28-15) 67.ANSWER : Kalor which [in] discharging sampel = absorbed heat irrigate and calorimeter m 2c2 (T2-x) = m1ca ( x.8/ 20 .2 c2 = 24.076 C2 = 2616.1 x c2 ( 120-28) = 0 .1 1.2 c2 = 24.0 cm : X100 = 25. Two A tremometer and of Bmenujukan [is] same number 100 when water nature arranging temperature irrigate moment boil.2 ( 900 ) ( 28-15) 9. 50 – X = 100 : X = -50 .4 ( 4.0 cm dan Xo = 7.15) + 0. alloy have Mass [to] 150 gr [in] heating until 120 C.9 J/ kg°C KD 4. In rather warm water [of] A number menunjukan teremometer of B number menunjukan 50 . temperature of Tremometer mercury which not yet been calibrated to be to be plunged in ice which [is] melting ar boil. and its temperature ? can be [counted/calculated] with equation ( 6-1 ) Given Xo = 5.2c2 = 21. θ = = 14 °C 2. . = 2. θ/100 = .8 = θ θ . Balance temperature which [in] reaching [is] 28 C.340 9.

bejana = 4L = 400 L Bejana = o. 000011 ) ( 4000 cm3) ( 70 ) = 9.3.001 ( 3800 Cm3 ) ( 70 ) = 266 Cm3 • Zat cair ( alkohol ) Vo alk = 95 % x 400 Cm3 γo Alk = 0.001 ( Co )-1 T o = 0 °C T = 70 ° C Volum bejana dan alkohol suhu T = 70°C V bejana = Vo bejana + ∆ v bejana = 4000 + 9.24 = 4009.24 ∆γ alk = γ alk Vo alkohol ∆T = 0.24 = 56. JAWAB : • Zat padat bejana Vo. A canister 4L.76 Cm3 .1 alcohol muai koevisien 0.001 ( C°)-1. If temperature early canister 0 and this canister [in] heating until 70 C have an effect on ( 0 ) . 95 [gratuity/ %] of its volume [in] alcohol content.oooo11 ( C° )-1 Suhu awal To = 0 °C Akhi To = 70 °C ∆γ bejana = γ bejana Vo bejana ∆T = 3 a bejana Vo bejana ∆T = 3 (o. 24 Cm3 V alkohol = Vo alkohol + V bejana = 4066 – 4009.

ANSWER : Jumblah kalor yang berpindah : Q = hA∆T = 30 x ( 0.4.4°C 5.4 ) x ( 300 – 25 ) = 1.0105 ( TIKA APRILIA ) . How much/many volume irrigate after heated? ANSWER : Vo = 2 ιdan γ = 210 x 10-6 ∆T = ( 273 + 50 ) – ( 273 + 25 ) = 25 K Jadi V = Vo ( 1= 210 x 10-6 ) ( 25) = 2.320 joule. Plate [is] fairish ( 40 x 40 ) temperature and cm and temperature its [is] it[him] carried through [by] [at] temperature 300 C. Water counted 2 and litre have temperature [to] 2.5 C heated in pancai till its temperature mount to become 50 C. Determining migratory kalor jumblah and [count/calculate] temperature in plate ( k = 205 g / K) If/When made plate of alumunium thickly 1 Cm .300 ) diperoleh T = 300. . Air with temperature 25 C blown to pass surface of hot plate and kalor come from bagaian in plate. Jika pelat alumunium dengan tebal 1 cm. Q = ( k ) ∆T = 1320 = ( 205 ) . If coefficient transfer of convention kalor [at] mica lisp 30 W / K m2.4 x 0. ( T.

1 1. Reamur.KD 4. A thermometer with oX scale has the freezing point of water at – 40oX and boiling point of water at 160oX. and Kelvin scales ! Answer D1 D2 : Temperature of 25o C : oF ? o R? o K? D3 : . if the themperature of an object is 25oX. Fahrenheit and Kelvin scales Answer D1 : Water freezing point -40o X Water boiling point 160o X Temperature of 25o X : oF ? o R? o K? o C? : D2 D3 - = = -1000X – 4000X -5000X X 25 (− 40 − 160 ) = 100 (X + 40 ) = 100X + 4000X = 4100X . Express the temperature of the object in the Reamur. Fahrenheit.In Reamur scale (oR ) C = R → R = = C 25o = 20o R In Fahrenheit scale (oF ) C = ( F – 32 ) F = = C + 32 o 25 + 32 o = 77 o F In Kelvin scale (oK ) C = K – 273 K = C + 273 = 25 + 273 = 298 oK 2. An object has temperature of 25o C. Determine the themperature of the object in the Celcius. The reading of Fahrenheit scale is equal to the Celcius scale at the temperature of Answer Absolute zero 3.

X = .82 + 32 o = 30.0. A steel wire has length of 100 cm at temperature 30oC.18 oK 4.82 C o - In Reamur scale (oR ) C = R → R = = C .1 cm = 1.82 - = .2 1. -0. Thermometer X which has been calibrated shows the number of -30 at water freezing point and 90 at water boiling point.656 R In Fahrenheit scale (oF ) C = ( F – 32 ) F = = C + 32 o -0. -60 6 . -60 = 100 ( X + 30 ) = 100X + 3000 = 0.001 m 10-5/oC D2 T1 30oC : T2 ? . determine the temperature of steel now ! Answer D1 : l 100 cm = 1 m lt 100.0.82 + 273 = 272. The temperature of 6o X is equal to Answer D1 o D2 D3 : Water freezing point -30 Water boiling point 90 Temperature of 6o X : The temperature of 6o X is equal to : - = = 6 . If the length of the steel now is 100.524 o F In Kelvin scale ( K ) C = K – 273 K = -0.06X X = -50 = 80oC KD 4.1 cm and = 10-5/oC .

T2 – 30 1. calculate the mercury volume which spilt out ! Answer D1 : ∝ = 9 x 10-6/oC Vbejana 150 cm3 Vraksa 150 cm3 = 1.8 x 10-4/oC T 0 oC + 40 oC = 40 oC D2 D3 : Vtumpah ? : .8 x 10-4/oC and its temperature increase 40 oC.D3 .001= 1 ( 1 + 10-5 . T) 1. V0 .Lt : = l0 (1+ .T1 ) 1.001 = 1 ( 1 + 10-5 .001= 10-5 T T T T = 0. A glass vessel (∝ = 9 x 10-6/oC ) is filled with 150 cm3 of mercury ( full ).001 / 10-5 = T2 – 30 100 = T2 – 30 100 + 30 = T2 130 = T2 2. ∆T) 1. T ∆Vbejana = . T) 1.001 = 1 + 10-5 T 0.001 = 1 ( 1 + 10-5 . T) 1.001 / 10-5 = 100 oC = T2 . T2 – 30 ) 1.001 = 1 + 10-5 . If the coefficient of mercury volume expansion is 1.T1 100 oC= T2 – 30 T2 = 130 oC Lt = l0 ( 1 + . T2 .001 = 1 ( 1 + 10-5 . T2 – 30 0.001 – 1 = 10-5 .

Vtumpah = Vbejana .= 3 . T = 1. what is the initial volume of gass? Answer D1 : T1 0 oC T2 120 oC V 6 m3 D2 : V0 ? D3 : V 6 V0 V0 = V0 + T = V0 + 120 = 120 – 6 = 114 m3 . 150 . 0405 cm3 Vraksa = V0 + Vraksa = 150 + 1. 40 = 10800 x 10-4 = 1. 40 = 40500 x 10-6 = 0. if the volume of gass now is 6 m3. 150 .Vraksa = 150.0395 cm3 3.0405 = 150.151. V0 .1.08 = 151.08 = .08 cm3 So.08 cm3 Vbejana = V0 + Vbejana = 150 + 0. 40 = 3 . 9 x 10-6 . 0405 . 150 .8 x 10-4 . A gass is warmed up at constant pressure so that the temperature increase from 0 oC to 120 o C.0405 cm3 Vraksa = .

91 ) . T) = 10 ( 1 + 10-4 .01 ) = 10 + 0. then is warmed up and reaches temperature of 120 oC. if the coefficient of length expansion is 10-4/K. then its length increment is Answer D1 : l0 10 m T1 20 oC + 273 =293 T2 120 oC + 273 = 393 ∝ 10-4/K D2 : Lt ? D3 : Lt = l0 ( 1 + .1 = 10.3 1. A piece of metal has initial length of 10 meters at temperature 20 oC. A 3 m3 gas.4. 100 ) = 10 ( 1 + 0. Calculate the volume of gas now ! Answer D1 : 3 m3 T1 12 oC T2 103 oC D2 : V0 ? D3 : . T ) = 3 (1+ = 3 (1+ = 3+1 = 4 m3 KD 4.V = V0 ( 1 + . determine the specific heat of that body ! Answer D1 : Q 400 calorie m 500 gram T 4 oC D2 : c? ) . is increased its temperature from 12 oC into 103 oC at a constant pressure. A 500 gram body absorbs heat 400 calorie so that its temperature increase 4 oC.1 m 5.

Q = = . c .0 oC = 80 oC K 0. calculate the heat that propogate passing through the metal in 5 seconds ! Answer D1 : d 50 cm A 20 cm2 T 80 oC .5 J/s m2 K ! Answer D1 : h = 3.5 15 7 7200 = 264600 J = 2646 x 102 J 3.D3 .5 J/s m2 K A 15 m2 T 25 oC + 273 = 298 T 18 oC + 273 = 291 T = 7 oK D2 D3 . if its thermal conductivity is 0. ∆ t 5 = 144 calories . calculate the dissipation heat in 3 hours because of heat convection if the wall area 15 m2 and h = 3. A wall has the relative constant temperature of 25 oC in out door air temperature of 18 oC.2 cal/g oC 2.Q t 2 hours = 7200 s : Q? : = h A T t = 3. c c = 0. one of its end touches the ice ( 0 oC ) and another end touches an object with temperature of 80 oC.Q : =mc T 400 = 500 . 4 400 = 2000 . A stem of 50 cm metal with section area of 20 cm2 .9 cal/s cm oC.9 cal/s cm oC t 5 seconds : Q ? : D2 D3 .

01 x 10-8 ( VERONIKA PRASTIWI ) .3 area of 10 m2 10-8 W/ m2 K-4 Answer D1 : = 5.3 5.P A T4 = 0.67 x D2 D3 . At temperature of 20 oC.67 x 10-8 W/ m2 K-4 emissivity of 0.4. a certain copper with the emissivity of 0.67 x 10-8 10 293 293 293 293 = 125364564125.3 T 20 oC + 273 = 293 A 10 m2 : P? : = e = 5.

-288 = 160 0 3. Suhu nitrogen boils at 320. X + 32 = X 32 = X . if the temperature 40 0 C thermometer x indicates the number . 0X ( 40 + 20 ) = 24 + 20 = 440 x 2.. . = 200 x = 800 x = 400 C =…? ( 320 – 32 ) .. the Celsius scale is . -320 ℉ = . . .. .1.. At what temperature centigrade thermometer and fahrenhite show the same number? C=F X=X X℃ = X℉ ..40 0 . At the time of ice melt thermometers x show 20 and when the boiling points number 80 . ℃ . Answer: D1 : Titik beku X Titik beku X Termometer celcius D2 : Termometer X D3 : 400 C = . X 32 =( - )X 32 = X 160 = -4 X X = .

..32 ) = x 36 = 20 6.5 . ( 68 . Heat type material was .5 kg T1 = 10 ℃ T2 = 50 ℃ Q = 2800 J C…? Q = M . M = 500 gr = 0. The substance is heated to 50 ℃. In Celsius temperature scale is shown. The temperature in an air-conditioned room is 68. then the temperature is designated. Turned out to require 2800 J of heat. ∆t 2800 = 0. The length of the column of mercury in the glass tube 30 mm in sushu 0℃ and 280 mm at a temperature of 100 ℃. When a long column of mercury 180 mm. . K K ° = 30 mm = 280 mm T T° = 100 ℃ = 0℃ = 280 – 30 = Panjang 100 – 0 Suhu 180 – 30 X–0 = 150 = 250 X 100 X = 15000 = 15 . .. 40 C = 2800 0. 4 = 60 ℃ 250 • 60 + 273 = 333 ° K 5. . . C . .4. . A new type of liquid with a mass of 500 grams and the temperature 10 ℃. c . .5 . 40 C = 2800 20 C = 140 J/kg℃ .

= 150 ℃ 8.? = 32 ℃ = 32 + 273 = 305 °K = 1. one end is connected.24 cal / s.. A 1 .369600 • Min menyatakan menyerap panas . the temperature at the point connecting the two rods are .. .7..6 m2 = 22 ℃ = 22 = 273 °K = 5 menit = ( 5 x 60 ) 300 detik = 77 W/mK = 77 .about 32 ℃ .24 tc – 24 30 + 24 = 0.24 tc + 0.12 ( 250 – tc ) = 0.12tc = 0. ∆ L = K2 .12 kal/s dan 0. suhu ujung batang bajanya yang bebab 250 . K1 . .36 tc . . .each 0.6 . Xmin Xmax X = -40 °x = 160 ° = 15 °x . jika koefisien masing – masing 0.about 1. 9. then the person's body heat is released through convection for 5 minutes is. A thermometer with a scale-free x has a freezing point of water at . if the coefficient of each . 300 = . ∆ L 0.. Steel and brass rod cross-sectional area and panjangna same..24 kal/s maka suhu pada titik hubung kedua batang tersebut adalah … temperature of the steel rod tip which bebab 250. If people think outside the body surface .24 ( tc – 24 ) 30 – 0. -10 = -1232 Q = -1232 . A2 . =H.40 x and 160 x water point.A.12 tc 54 = 0. 1. sedangkan suhu ujung batang kuningan yang bebab 100 . At the time of the thermometer read 15 x then the Celsius scale thermometer reads . Skin temperature of a person think . while the brass rod tip temperature bebab 100.12 cal / s and 0.6 m 2 are in the room temperature is 22 ℃ .∆ T1 A T2 t H Q .

5 ℃ 10.℃ =. .. . ∆ 1 50 ( 100 – tc ) = 75 ( tc – 0 ) 5000 – 50 tc = 75 tc 5000 = 125 tc = 40℃ = tc 12.R = 32 R = 32 R = 32 X ( R = -25. . ..5 kal/gr℃ = 80 kal/gr = 1 kal/gr℃ . If 75 grams of water where the temperature 0℃ is mixed with 50 g of water temperature is 100 ℃ then it is a mixture of water temperature. T° = T° R = R + 32 R . . (if in the heat of ice 80 cal / g and the heat kind of water 1 cal / g)M = 800 gr Ces L Cair = 0.12 to 60℃ it takes the heat as much .. .5 cal / g is to raise the temperature of 800 grams of ice from . .6° 11. . Thermometer reamur and Fahrenheit thermometer will show the numbers in the measurement of temperature. C2 .? = = = C= = 27. When the heat kind of ice = 0.. C1 .M1 ) = 75 gr T1 M2 T2 Tc … ? = 0℃ = 50 gr = 100℃ QLEPAS = QTERIMA M2 . ∆ 2 = M1 .

T1 T2

= -12 ℃ = 60℃

Q1 = 800 . 0,5 ( 0 –(-12)) = 400 . 12 = 4800 kal Q2 = 800 . 80 = 64000 kalori Q3 = 800 . 1 ( 60-0 ) = 800 . 60 = 48000 kal Qtotal = Q1 + Q2 + Q3 = 4800 + 64000 + 4800 = 116.800 kalorii 13. A bottle made of glass volume 1000 cm 3. alcohol bottles filled to the brim, and then heated dare 30-90 glass = 9 x 10 -6 ℃ alcohol = 10 -3 / ℃ Tentukan volume alkohol yang tumpah . Determine the volume of spilled alcohol. Vbotol = 1000 cm3 Valkohol = 1000 cm3 ∆ = 60℃

kaca

= 9 x 10-6/℃ 10-3/℃

alkohol =

Vtumpah . . . ? VT alkohol = V0 ( 1 + .∆ ) = 1000 ( 1 + 10-2 . 6 ) = 1000 + 60 = 1060 cm3 VT botol = V0 ( 1 + .∆ ) = 1000 ( 1 + 3 . 9 . 10-6 . 6 . 10-1 ) = 1000 + 162 . 10-2 = 1000 + 1,62 = 1001 , 62 cm3

∆

tumpah =

VT botol – VT alkohol

= 1001,62 – 1060 = - 58 , 38 cm3

( YULI LESTARI )

1. Determine calor required just for changes 1 kg ice gets temperature -20oC . as waters the lot on pressure 1 atm gets temperature 50oC , if calor ice type 0,5 kkal / kgoc , calor melts ice 80 kkal / kgoc . And calor water type 15 = 1 kkal / kgoc. Answer : D1 = mice = Tice = Twater =Cice =Cwater = Lice D2 D3 = Q ...... ? = Q1 = mice . Cice .∆ = 1 . 0,5 . 20 = 10 kkal = Q2 = mice . Lice =1 . 80 = 80 kkal = Q3 = mwater . Cice . ∆ = 1 . 1. 50 = 50 kkal = .∆ = Q1 . Q2 . Q3 = 10 + 80 + 50 = 140 kkal 2. If 400 g ice get temperatures -10oC be interested into 300 g water . Get temperature 20oC , Meanwhile calor’s interchange just among ice and even water , calors melts ice 80 kkal / g . Calor ice type 15 0,5 kal / g . Calor is water type 1 kal / goC . How much temperature in a state that mixture final ? Answer : D1 = mice = 400 g = mwater = Tice = Twater =Cice = 300 g = -10 oC = 20oC =0,5 kkal / kgoc = 1 kg = -20 oC = 50oC =0,5 kkal / kgoc = 1 kkal / kgoc = 80 kkal / kgoc

=Cwater = Lice D2 D3 = t ....... ? = Q1

= 1 kkal / kgoc = 80 kkal / kgoc = mice . Cice .∆ = 400 . 0,5 . 10 = 200 kkal

= Q2 = mice . Lice =400 . 80 = 3200 kkal = Q3 = mwater . Cice . ∆ = 300 . 1. 20 = 6000 kkal =m= = . .400 = 50

3. An object’s temperature changes from 70oF into 98oF . State those temperature in the celcius , reamure , and Kelvin scale . Answer : -28oF = = − 28 = -28oF = -28oF =

o o

C = R K = −44

= − 28 = −63

o

= - 28 + 273 = 245

4. The temperature of an iron rod with 5 kg mass is going to be raised by 10 K . If the heat needed is 20 kj , how much is the specific heat and heat capacity of the iron rod ? Answer : m = 5 kg T = 10 K

80 =8000 kal = Q…….∆ = 100 .. on temperature 0oC as water the lot that 0oC ? if at knows calor laten ice fusion becomes water as big as 80 kal / gr ? Answer : D1 D2 D3 =m L =Q = 100 gr. = 400 J/kg. 60 =6000 Joule ( ZUMROTUL ULYA ) .Q = 20 kj (a) =C = ∆ = .? 6.000 J/K 5.K (b) = C = (5 kg )(400 J/kg. How much calor one at need to raise that object temperature as big as 60oC ? Answer : D1 =C =∆ D2 D3 = 100 Joule / oC = 60 o C = Q ……? =Q = c .K) = 2. How much out grow if calor that at needs to thaw ice as much 100 g .L = 100 . One object with calor’s capacity 100 Joule / oC . = 80 kal/gr =m.

State theobject temperature in Kelvin scale! SOLUTION We have celcius scale is 300C • • Tk – – = = = 30 + 273 = 303 oC ( Muhammad fatkhul arifian ) .1. The temperature of an object expressed in the Celsius scale is 30oC.

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