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# UNIT 1: The Scientific Method

DAYSHEET 10: Introduction to Graphing Name: _______________________________
Bellringer:

Biology I
Date: _______________

Directions: For each of the following experiments, identify the Independent Variable (IV) and the Dependent Variable (DV). Remember, the IV is the cause / what I change on purpose; the DV is the effect, it depends on the IV. Example: A student is testing the effect of different fertilizers on plant growth. IV: Type of Fertilizer ___________ DV: Plant growth_______________

1. Experiment: A student is testing how listening to an ipod affects your hearing IV: ____________ _________________ DV:_______________________________

2. Experiment: A student is testing how brushing your teeth affects the number of cavities you have IV: ____________ _________________ DV:______________________________

3. Experiment: A scientist wants to find out if spending more time in the sun increases your risk of developing skin cancer. IV: ____________ _________________ DV:______________________________

4. Experiment: A student investigates if listening to classical music can improve your memory IV: ____________ _________________ DV:______________________________

5. Experiment: A student investigates how well different perfumes attract bees. IV: ____________ _________________ DV:______________________________

IV!

DV!

Homework: HW 10 is due next class. Biology Objective: I can apply my scientific knowledge to help me analyze and generate graphs.

Activity 1: Introduction to Graphing Cornell Notes
Biology Objective / Essential Question:

Questions / Main Ideas:

Questions / Main Ideas:

The Island of Krakatau  In 1883 the island of Krakatau experienced a violent ________ _________________ o The island was destroyed!  All life was _____________. What Has Happened Since 1883?

This  table  shows  the  _______   that  was  collected  over  the   _________  years  following   the  eruption.

Each  row  shows  a  _________   and  the  ____________________   of  birds  that  were  observed  on   the  island.

What Else Can We Do With the Data Table?  Scientists look for _______________ (________________) in data & then attempt to explain those trends. o Scientists use _________________ to make it easier to see trends in data. I.D. Parts of a Graph:

Questions / Main Ideas:

Questions / Main Ideas: More on the X and Y Axes  The X and Y axes identify your experimental variables. o ______________________________  Goes on the __________________________ o ______________________________  Goes on the __________________________

Data Table Review

_______________ The IV is found on the left column of your data chart. This information is placed on the ______________

The  DV  is  found  in   the  right  column   of  your  data  chart.     This  information  is   placed  on  the   _______________

Graph This Data:

Questions / Main Ideas:

Questions / Main Ideas: Good Graphing Checklist:  Does your graph have a title?  Have you placed the independent variable on the x-axis and the dependent variable on the y-axis?  Have you labeled the axes correctly and specified the units of measurement?  Is your data plotted correctly and clearly? STOP & JOT 1. Refer to your “Colonization of Krakatau Islands By Land Birds Following Eruption 1883” graph. Is there a trend in data from 1883 to 2000? If so, what is this trend? 2. Can you use the graphed data to predict current numbers of bird species on Krakatau? Is so, how? Graphing Practice: Make a line graph of the data below

Questions / Main Ideas:

Questions / Main Ideas: STOP & JOT 1. Refer to the line graph that you just created. What is the independent variable? 2. What is the dependent variable? 3. What is the best pH for tadpole development? 4. Between what two pH readings is there the greatest change in tadpole number? 5. How many tadpoles would you expect to find in water with a pH reading of 5.0? Data Analysis Vocabulary     _______________________= the space between the values on the x and y axis. _______________________= the best! _______________________= lots or very common _______________________= slope o Fast rate = steep slope o Slow rate = shallow slope

Identify the Graph that Matches the Story…

  

I had just left home when I realized I had forgotten my books so I went back to pick them up. ___________ I started out calmly, but sped up when I realized I was going to be late. ___________ Things went fine until I had a flat tire. ________

Activity 2:  SOL Practice:

Directions: Use the graphs given to answer the questions that follow.

1. What is the independent variable in this experiment? ____________________

2. What is the dependent variable in this experiment? _____________________

3. What question do you think the scientists were trying to answer with this experiment? _____ ______________ 4. What units are being used on the x-axis? __________________________ 5. The units on the x-axis are scaled by _________________________ . 6. What units are being used on the y-axis? __________________________ 7. The units on the y-axis are scaled by _________________________ . 8. As the number of ________ (IV) increases, the _______________ (DV) _________________ . 9. Based on the data in the graph, the number of mice born each week ____ . A stays the same B doubles C triples D quadruples 10. According to the graph, how many mice will be born in week 5 if the trend continues? A 160 B 140 C 100 D 90

Activity 3: Graphing & the English Language Directions: The verbs in the box can be used to describe changes commonly seen on graphs. Examine the word. Look them up if you don’t know what they mean! 1. Circle the verbs that mean to GO UP.

2. Underline the verbs that mean to GO DOWN.

3. Put a star

next to the verb that means to GO UP & DOWN.

4. Use an arrow REACH THE HIGHEST LEVEL.

to indicate the word that means to

5. Put a triangle FOR A PERIOD OF TIME.

next to the word that means to STAY THE SAME

Peak Rise Soar Fluctuate Decline Drop Climb Increase Stabilize

HW10: Graphing Practice Name_____________________________

Biology I Date ___________________

1. What is the independent variable in this experiment? ____________________ 2. What is the dependent variable in this experiment? _____________________ 3. What question do you think the scientists were trying to answer with this experiment?

4. What units are being used on the x-axis? __________________________ 5. The units on the x-axis are scaled by _________________________ . 6. What units could be used on the y-axis? __________________________ 7. As the _____________________ (IV) increases, the _______________ (DV) _________________ . 8. A study on a poultry farm was conducted to determine the percentage of vitamin supplement necessary to add to the feed of turkeys in order to maximize their growth. According to this data, what percentage of vitamin supplement should be added to the turkeys’ diet? A B C D 6% 8% 10% 14%