National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001

(REPUBLIC ACT 9163) “AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE NATIONAL SERVICE TRAINING PROGRAM (NSTP) FOR THE TERTIARY LEVEL STUDENTS, AMENDING FOR THE PURPOSE REPUBLIC ACT NO 7077 AND PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO 1706 AND FOR OTHER PURPOSE”
Be enacted by the senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:

Rule I GUIDING PRINCIPLES SECTION 1: Guiding Principles – While it is the prime duty of the Government to serve and protect its citizen. In turn it shall be the responsibility of all citizens to defend the security of the State and in fulfillment thereof, the Government may require each citizen to render personal military or civil service. SECTION 2: Role of the Youth – a. Recognizing the youth’s virtual role in nation building, then state shall promote civic consciousness among the youth and shall develop their physical moral, spiritual intellectual and social well-being. It shall inculcate to the youth patriotism, nationalism and advance their involvement in public and civic affairs. b. As the most valuable resource of the national shall motivated, trained, organized and mobilized in military training, literacy civic welfare and other similar endeavors in the service of nation. Rule II DEFINITION OF TERMS SECTION 3: As used in this implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) the following terms shall mean: a. “National Service Training Program” (NSTP) – is a program aimed at enhancing civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethic of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components. Its various components are specially designed to enhance the youth’s active contribution to the general welfare.

b. “Reserve Officer Training Corps” (ROTC) – is program institutionalized under Section 38 and 39 of RA No. 7077 designed to provide military training to tertiary level students in order to motivate, train, organized and mobilize them for national defense preparedness. c. “Literacy Training Service” - is a program designed to train students to become teachers of literacy and numeracy skills to school children, out of school youth, and other segments of society in need of their service. d. “Civic Welfare Training Service” – refers to programs of activities contributory to the general welfare and the betterment of life for members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and morals of the citizen; e. “Program Component” – shall refer to the service components of the NSTP as enumerated and defined here in; f.

“Clustering” - refers to the grouping of students enrolled to different schools and
taking up the same NSTP component into one (1) group under the management and the supervision of a designated school;

g. “Cross Enrollment” - refers to a system of enrollment where a student is officially enrolled in a n academic program of an origin school but is allowed to enroll in the NSTP component of another accepting school; and h. “Non-Government Organization” (NGO) - refers to any private organization duly accredited by CHED or recognized by TESDA.

Rule III PROGRAM IMPLIMENTATION SECTION 4: Coverage a. Students, male and female of any baccalaureate degree course or at least two (2) year technical vocational courses in public and private educational institutions shall be required to complete one (1) of the NSTP components are requisite for graduation.

The NSTP shall have the following components which the students can choose from as define in Rule II. moral virtues. a3. d. c. b. Students who completed any of the three NSTP components but considered freshmen to the school where they transferred and course they shifted. and The Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS). PMA. subject to the existing rules and regulations of the AFP. Other State Universities and Colleges of similar nature will be exempted subject to the approval of the DND. All higher and technical-vocational educational institutions must offer at least one (1) of the NSTP component. COCOPEA and other concerned government agencies. Section 3 hereof: The Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC). the ROTC in particular shall instill patriotism.A. TESDA. The Literacy Training Service (LTS). does not cover the following: a1. however. SUCs. PMMA. and a2. Foreign students or aliens b. SECTION 5: Program Components a. Private higher and technical-vocational education institutions with at least 350 students’ cadets may offer the ROTC component and consequently establish/maintain a DMST. and PNPA are exempted from the NSTP in view of the special character of these institutions. may design and implement such other nonmilitary training components as may be necessary in consonance with the provision of R.The above provision. All program components. in consultation of the DND and PASUC. 9163. respect for rights of civilians and adherence to the constitution. c. shall offer the ROTC component and at least one (1) other NSTP component. . Students who finished or graduated from a baccalaureate degree or two year technical-vocational or associate course and pursuing or enrolled in another or additional baccalaureate degree or two-year technical vocational or associate course in SY 2003-2004. The CHED. e.

c. SECTION 8: Monitoring and Evaluation A. shall allow their students to cross-enroll to other schools. CHED. the CHED. irrespective of whether the two semesters shall be taken from different schools whose ROTC are administered/managed by different branches of origin and accepting school. irrespective of whether such school is under CHED or TESDA. and TESDA. b. formulation. Each of the aforementioned NSTP Program components shall be undertaken for and academic period of two (2) semesters. SECTION 7: Clustering and Cross-Enrollment a. adoption and implementation of the different NSTP components in their respective schools. Clustering of the students from different educational institutions during semester or summer periods may be done for any of the NSTP component.d. . formulated and adopted by the DND. It shall be credited for three (3) units per semester. for fifty-four (54) to ninety (90) training hours per semester. Earned NSTP units shall not be included in the computation of GPA grades of college graduating students. or do not odder the component chosen by the students. branch of service and geographical locations. b. and in the case of students taking the ROTC component. SECTION 6: Duration and Equivalent Course Unit a. and the DND shall jointly issue the minimum standards for the three (3) NSTP components which shall form parts of these guidelines. TESDA. taking into account logistics. subject to the capability of the school and the AFP to handle the same. Management 1. A OSP in lieu of the two (2) semester program may be designed. Within thirty (30) days from the approval of this IRR. The host school shall be responsible in managing the Program. Schools that do not meet the requires number of students to maintain the ROTC and any of the NSTP components. The school authorities shall exercise academic and administrative supervision over the design.

2. the TESDA and DND shall issue the necessary guidelines for the accreditation of non-government organizations (NGOs) and training modules to be utilized by these NGOs. 2. shall oversee and monitor the implementation of the NSTP under their respective jurisdiction. TESDA and DND. Within forty-five (45) days from approval and issuance of this IRR. 3. At the end of every school year the HIE shall submit an Annual Report to the CHED Regional Office copy furnished the Office of the Student Services in electronic template. 5. subject to the policies and regulation and programs of DND on the military component of the training shall exercise joint supervision over its implementation. the school authorities and DND. Monitoring 1. In case of ROTC. CHED Regional Offices. 3. 4. . CHED deputized officials shall coordinate and conduct spot visits to actual NSTP activities. There should be an NSTP Office in each school or college/university headed by an NSTP Director or its equivalent position responsible for the implementation of the Program. B. TESDA Provincial/District Offices and DND & AFP (through the Major Service Reserve Commands). Schools which have contracted CHED-accredited or TESDA-recognized NGOs to formulate and administer training modules for any of the NSTP components shall jointly exercise such academic and administrative supervision with those NGOs. A functional chart of the NSTP Office shall be structured based on the capability of the institution to sustain the component program being offered based on the number of enrollees. These Sub-Offices shall submit periodic reports to the Central Office of CHED.1 names who finished under each NSTP component. indicating the following: 3. to determine if the trainings conducted are in consonance with the Act. Each of the NSTP components is considered a distinct and/or separate unit under the NSTP or its equivalent position.

F. B. Subsidies from the government. C.2 the programs. E. NSTP funds shall not be converted into savings at the expense of the proper implementation of the program. any legal agency or institution appropriated for NSTP shall be included in the preparation of the program of expenditure and report on the utilization of funds. NSTP tuition collected shall constitute a Trust Fund. and 3. D. allocated and utilized. projects and activities undertaken with pictorials and documentation as much as possible. In cases of violations of guidelines. The unexpected fund balance shall be carried over to the next semester. No fees shall be collected for any of the NSTP components except basic tuition fees which should not be more than fifty (50%) percent of the charges of the school per academic unit. provided.3. 4. Rental space of school and other similar expenses shall not be charged to NSTP. Rule IV FEES AND INCENTIVES SECTION 9: Fees A. which shall be exclusively used for the operation of the Program. however. two weeks after the end of every semester. Expenditures/disbursements shall submit a comprehensive report on the utilization of the NSTP Funds by program component to the school head.3 Financial statements on the funds collected. . NSTP funds derived from NSTP-related operations shall serve as augmentation to sustain un-programmed activities of NSTP. warnings and/or sanctions may be imposed to schools and accredited NGOs that disregarded or grossly violated the provisions of this IRR.

are deemed to have complied with this requirement. B. in coordination with DILG. Insurance and Protection 1. Personnel involved in the NSTP shall be provided honorarium and other incentives based on the standard policy set forth by the HEIs. Incentives 1. CHED and TESDA. CHED and TESDA shall ensure that health and accident group insurances are provided for students enrolled in any of the NSTP components. . The college or universities may provide scholarship and other forms of assistance and incentives to qualified and deserving NSTP students. 3. subject to the availability of funds. A SSP and other forms of assistance and incentives for qualified NSTP students shall be administered by CHED and TESDA. Rule V ORGANIZATION OF NSTP GRADUATES SECTION 11: Organization of NSTP Graduates a. 4. with funds for the purpose to be included in the annual regular appropriations of the two agencies. School authorities concerned. Insurance and Protection A. DSWD and other concerned agencies/associations. Graduates of the non-ROTC components of the NSTP shall belong to the NSRC and could be tapped by the state for literacy and civic welfare activities. A program of assistance/incentives for ROTC students shall be provided and administered by DND. 2.SECTION 10: Incentive. Schools that already provide health and accident group and collect necessary fees for the purpose from their students as of the affectivity of this Rules. in accordance with existing laws and regulations and subject to the availability of funds. especially in times of calamities through the joint efforts of DND. the funding of which shall come from available NSTP funds of the school. 2.

SECTION 13: Information Dissemination – The CHED. as well as all laws. 1706.A. maintenance and utilization of the NSRC. c. rules and regulations and other issuances inconsistent with the provisions of the Act are hereby deemed amended and modified accordingly .A. modified or replaced jointly by CHED. Graduates of the ROTC Program shall form part of the CAF pursuant to R. No. No. These Rules may be amended. in consultation with other concerned government and non-government agencies. SECTION 15: Separability Clause . Rule VI MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS SECTION 12: Certificate of Completion – Certificate of Completion with corresponding serial numbers issued by CHED. TESDA or DND. 207 of 1939.If any of section or provision of this IRR shall be declared unconstitutional or invalid. TESDA and DND. orders. TESDA and DND. 7077. SECTION 16: Effectivity – These rules shall take effect 15 days after publication in a newspaper of general circulation and shall remain in force and effect until revoked or amended.A. and Section 38 and 39 of R. the other sections or provisions not affected thereby shall remain in full and effect. No.D. 1. subject to the requirements of DND. No. shall issue the necessary guidelines for the establishment. COCOPEA. Adopter and issued on _______________ day of ________________ 2006. in consultation with PASUC. b. 7077. The CHED.Section 2 and 3 of P. shall be awarded to students who have successfully complied with the program components. organization.O. E. NGOs and recognized student organizations.b. . Section 35 of C. SECTION 14: Amendatory Clause – a. TESDA and DND shall provide information on these Act and IRR to all concerned publics through different modes of disseminating information. decrees.

The manpower of the Citizen Armed Force. The manpower objective of the Citizen Armed Force shall conform to projected and actual needs. The State shall promote and develop public support to and awareness of the important role of the Citizen Armed Force as protector of the people and the State. This Act shall be known as the "Citizen Armed Forces or Armed Forces of the Philippines Reservist Act. trained. The Citizen Armed Force shall be so organized." ARTICLE II DECLARATION OF POLICY SECTION 2. It is the policy of the State to maintain a standing force or regular military force in times of peace consonant to its adequate and actual needs for the security of the State but which can be rapidly expanded by the well-disciplined Citizen Armed Force in the event of war. It is not envisioned by the State to have a nation under arms. The Call to Personal Military and Civil Service.REPUBLIC ACT 7077 (AFP Reservist Act of 1991) AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE ORGANIZATION. . TRAINING. The Public Awareness. The Regular Force. ADMINISTRATION. invasion or rebellion. SECTION 5. The Security and Socio-Economic Development of the State. The Citizen Armed Force shall be provided maximum opportunity to participate in safeguarding the security of the state and assisting in socioeconomic. AND UTILIZATION OF THE CITIZEN ARMED FORCE OF THE ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES ARTICLE I TITLE SECTION 1. developed and maintained as to ensure their readiness to immediately respond to the call to service. MAINTENANCE. Title. SECTION 6. unless extremely necessary. SECTION 3. SECTION 4.

SECTION 9. is to provide the base for the expansion of the Armed Forces of the Philippines in the event of war. The roster of the officials and employees of these affiliated units . invasion or rebellion. and to assist in the operation and maintenance of essential government or private utilities in the furtherance of the overall mission. provincial and municipal levels which provide essential public services such as water. light. namely: The Army Reserve Component. to assist in socioeconomic development. SECTION 8. Mission The Mission of the Citizen Armed Force. These affiliated units shall be constituted by appropriate orders to be issued by the Secretary of National Defense. on a regional basis The organizational structure and manning of the affiliated reserve units shall be prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense and shall as much as possible conform to their existing organization. The Air Force Reserve Component The Navy Reserve Component The AFP-Wide Technical Reserve Component. given unit designation and assigned to the appropriate reserve components of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP). ORGANIZATION. transportation and communications which are necessary to support the prosecution of national defense plans or to meet an emergency shall be organized as affiliated units of the Reserve Force. As the President shall approve upon recommendation of the Secretary of National Defense. structure. Organization of Reserve Components. Reserve units of a battalion type or equivalent shall be organized on a provincial basis. and reserve units of a brigade or division type or equivalent. and The Affiliated Reserves. alternately referred to as the Reserve Force. manning and equipment of reserve units shall conform to the organization of the regular force. The organization. SECTION 10.ARTICLE III MISSION AND ORGANIZATION OF THE CITIZEN ARMED FORCE SECTION 7. The organization of each component of the Reserve Force and the manpower objective of each component shall be as prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense and approved by the President of the Philippines. to assist in relief and rescue during disaster or calamities. corporations. establishments and organizations at the national. Affiliated Reserves. The Reserve Force shall be organized into five (5) components. certain private and government entities.

There shall be there (3) categories of citizen soldiers or AFP reservists: the First Category Reserve. Graduates of authorized basic military training instructions who. as a result thereof. Categorization of Citizen Soldiers.Citizen Soldiers. as follows: Graduates of the Reserve officers Training Corps (ROTC) basic and advance courses and who were issued orders as enlisted reservists or reserve officers of the AFP. noncommissioned officers and privates under the existing laws and including those procured under Project 36-70 and included in the present AFP roster before the enactment of this Act and those to be commissioned or enlisted after the enactment of this Act. and Commissioned.The First Category Reserve shall be composed of able bodied reservist whose . The citizen soldiers. alternately referred to as reservists. and the Third Category Reserve based on age. Recognized World War II guerillas who were honorably discharged from the service. Commissioned and noncommissioned officers under the affiliated Reserves category and graduates of the National Defense College of the Philippines (NDCP). were issued orders as enlisted reservists or reserve officers. who compose the Reserve Forces are those reservist of the Armed Forces of the Philippines who are incorporated into the Reserve Force. Ex-servicemen and retired officers of the AFP and other armed forces that have diplomatic relations with the Philippines who were honorably discharged or retired from the service and who are Filipino citizens upon their application. ARTICLE IV DEFINITION OF CITIZEN SOLDIERS SECTION 11. First Category Reserve . the Second Category Reserve. ARTICLE CATEGORIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF CITIZEN SOLDIERS SECTION 12. These units shall be so utilized in times of war or emergency to ensure the continuous and uninterrupted provision of the essential services they are rendering.shall be included in the orders of constituting the units.

SECTION 13.The ready Reserve shall be composed of citizen soldiers belonging mostly to the first category reserve and others as provided in this Act who shall be organized. the Standby Reserve and the Retired Reserve based on their operational readiness for immediate deployment /utilization. who will volunteer to serve with the Ready Reserve shall be allowed. among others. members of the AFP Affiliated Reserve units of various government and private utilities and services considered essential for the preservation of economic stability of the country or particular locality. The following citizen soldiers may be exempted from rendering service with said reserve units: Active members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippines National Police. Ready Reserve . including the need to provide assistance in relief and rescue work and other civil assistance activities. . particularly the commissioned and noncommissioned officers. Classification of Reserve Force Units Based on the categorization provided in Section 12 above. Those who are residing abroad but only during the duration of their absence from the Philippines. All citizens soldiers belonging to the First Category Reserve. shall be required to serve with the Ready Reserve units and will have assignments and promotions in accordance with existing policies of the AFP until transferred tot he Standby Reserve by virtue of their age.The Second Category Reserve shall be composed of able-bodied reservist whose ages are between thirty-six (36) years and fifty-one (51) years. if qualified and fit for duty. the Reserve Force units shall further be classified into the Ready Reserve. except those exempted under this Act. to join and actively participate as part of the Ready Reserve and shall serve with an appropriate Ready Reserve unit. transportation and communications. Furthermore. such as power and electricity. order. Any reservist or citizen soldier belonging to the Second Category Reserve and/or the Third Category Reserve. Those who are physically and mentally unfit to serve their tour of duty. security and stability in any locality. regardless of their categorization shall be classified as Ready Reserve. trained and maintained as mobilizable ready reserve subject to call at any time to augment the regular armed force of the AFP not only in times of war or national emergency but also to meet local emergencies arising from calamities.The Third Category Reserve shall be composed of able-bodied reservist who are above fifty-one years (51) of age. disasters and threats to peace. inclusive. water supply.ages are between eighteen (18) years and thirty five (35) years. inclusive. Third Category Reserve . Second Category Reserve .

Retired Reserve The Retired Reserve shall be composed of citizen soldiers who have qualified for retirement through length of service. ARTICLE VI MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT SECTION 14. Those in the active service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and police members of the Philippine . Biennial registration shall be held during the same period in succeeding years. except as provided in this Act. The following are exemption from military training: Members of the clergy of any religious order or sect. and Those who may be exempted from duty for valid reasons which may be authorized on a case-to-case basis by appropriate and competent authority. For this purpose. except if they volunteer. They will however be encouraged to upgrade their military knowledge and skills by taking up nonresident or resident courses which shall be set up for the purpose. Compulsory Military Registration and Training.Those who are convicted of crimes involving moral turpitude. old age or disability. the AFP shall such appropriate guidelines. among others. The members of the Standby Reserve shall be organized and assigned to specified reserve units and shall be maintained through annual assembly test to update their records and present addresses. The ranks of the members of the Standby Reserve may be upgraded if they voluntarily participate in training or serve with the ready Reserve units in their areas or if their Standby Reserve units undergo retraining. The Standby Reserve may be mobilized or ordered to active duty only in times of national emergency or war. Stand by Reserve The Stand by Reserve shall be composed of citizen soldiers belonging mostly to the Second Category Reserve and the Third Category Reserve. rules and regulations as may be necessary. Registration shall take place in suitable registration places to be prescribed by the city or municipal government between the dates of April First and Seventh commencing one (1) year after the effectivity of this Act. a member of the Retired Reserve may be ordered to active duty in times of local or national emergencies if he volunteers for active duty and when the Secretary of National Defense determines that there are not enough qualified citizen soldiers with his special skills and qualifications in the Ready Reserve or Standby Reserve in his particular area of residence. sixty-five (65) years shall be considered as the retirement age. All male citizens between the ages of eighteen (18) and twenty-five (25) years who are not reservists shall be required to register for military instruction. For this purpose. However. SECTION 15. if qualified and fit for duty. Exemption from Compulsory Military Training.

Those convicted by final judgment of criminal offenses involving moral turpitude. Selection of Registrants for Compulsory Training. SECTION 18. navigators and merchant marine officers. Provided. the city/municipal treasurers of chartered cities and municipalities are hereby designated as registering officers. Provided. Board of Canvassers. they shall be subject to military training. Those suffering incarceration awaiting trial by a court of law. and Licensed air and maritime pilots. Registrants who are to undergo compulsory training as provided for in this Act shall be selected in the month of May every year by drawing of lots by a board of canvassers. Students of colleges. and insane asylums. one (1) for each province and chartered city. That upon the termination of their membership. For the purpose of registration as provided for in Section 14 hereof. There is hereby created a board of canvassers. Persons Disqualified or Exempted from Registration. for the purpose of selecting the registrants who will undergo compulsory military training as provided for in Section 18 thereof. SECTION 16. The following persons are disqualified or exempted from registering: Persons who are disqualified by law from employment in government service. SECTION 17. The board shall be composed of the following: . SECTION 19. The secretary of National Defense shall prescribe and provide the forms to be used in registration and prescribed the procedures for the conduct and reporting of the results of the registration. that upon their release from custody they shall without delay register. Superintendent and uniformed members of the National Penitentiary.National Police. and Those persons who are constituted as members of affiliated units for the duration of time they hold such membership. universities and similar institutions who are undergoing ROTC training during the tendency of their training recognized by the military authorities as among those undergoing training to qualify as reservists. The Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe the procedure for the selection of registrants. Registering Officer. corrective instructions. Those who are physically or mentally unfit as certified by an AFP medical officer.

The . SECTION 23. SECTION 24. SECTION 21.Member They appropriate military commander as the Secretary of National Defense may be designate --------------------------------Member IN CHARTERED CITIES City Superintendent of Schools -----------------------. if any.Chairman Provincial Fiscal--------------------------------------------. Acceptance Board.Member SECTION 20. Quota for Compulsory Training. Registration of Citizens Residing or Working Abroad. The quota for the province shall be broken into municipal quotas.Member Chief of Police --------------------------------------------. There is hereby created an acceptance board in each municipality and chartered city which shall examine and classify registrants whose names have been referred to it by the board of canvassers and pass upon the registrants fitness for training and application for deferment. Notice to Selected Registrants.Chairman City Fiscal --------------------------------------------------. The Secretary of National Defense shall furnish each provincial governor and city mayor with the quota of registrants for compulsory military training to be drawn from their respective province or chartered city. Acceptance of Registrants. Volunteering for Military Training. That said volunteers shall be made to execute a written statement that they volunteered for training at their own will. shall register with the nearest diplomatic or consular officer of the Republic of the Philippines which shall transmit the registrants data to the Secretary of National defense. Provided. The decision of the board shall be by majority vote. Filipino citizens residing or working abroad. SECTION 22. The board of canvassers shall cause the immediate and adequate publication of the names of the registrants who have been selected in accordance with Section 18 hereof and at once notify the registrants concerned to report to the acceptance board of the city or municipality where they reside. The board of canvassers shall furnish each acceptance board with the list of the registrants whose names were drawn.IN PROVINCES Division Superintendent of Schools -------------------. when they become liable to register for reservists training under this Act. registrants who are not selected for compulsory military training but who volunteer for such training may be accepted and allowed to undergo military training.

The acceptance board shall then classify them into the following categories: Class A Fit for unlimited service. Registrants shall undergo physical examination to be conducted by the health officer. SECTION 27.Member One Civic Leader (to be chosen by Local civic organizations) -----------------------. The acceptance board.Chairman Municipal Health Officer ------------------------------------. Deferment from Training. Class C Deferred until later date. Class B Fit for limited service only. and Class D Exempted for mental/physical reasons. Classification of Selected Registrants. The board shall be composed as follows: IN CHARTERED CITIES Local Civil Registrar --------------------------------------Chairman City Heath Officer -----------------------------------------Member Chief of Police --------------------------------------------Member One Civic Leader (to be chosen by Local civic organizations) ---------------------Member IN MUNICIPALITIES Local Civil Registrar/Municipal Treasurer --------------.Member SECTION 26. upon evaluation of the evidence .Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe the procedure for the operation of the acceptance board. Composition of the Acceptance Board.Member Chief of Police ------------------------------------------------. SECTION 25.

Appeal from Decision of the Acceptance Board. he may within thirty (30) days after receipt of written notification by the board appeal his case in writing directly to the Secretary of National Defense. shall be subject to training. High school students who are in their last year of schooling may be granted deferment for not more than one (1) year. Those who successfully complete at least one-half (1/2) of the prescribed period of the course shall be exempted from training. upon their discharge from their courses. SECTION 28. Seminary students of any religious sect shall be granted deferments for not exceeding the prescribed course in the seminary. Where the acceptance board denies the claim of an individual for deferment. Students enrolled in the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) in colleges and universities are automatically granted deferment which shall not extend beyond the period they are to complete their basic ROTC training. . Those who fail to complete. shall be granted deferments for not exceeding two (2) years. local or foreign. Those who completed the course shall be exempted from training. during their incumbency. Selected registrants residing or working abroad shall be granted deferment for the duration of their stay abroad. or discontinue the training. and Elected officials and presidential appointees whose appointments are passed upon by the Commission on Appointment. Students who successfully complete such training shall be exempted. The Secretary of National Defense shall render a decision thereon within sixty (60) days from the date of filing of the appeal. Those who fail to complete one-half (1/2) of the prescribed period shall. The appelant shall be accorded the right to enjoy the right to be heard by himself and counsel and to present evidence in his behalf. including those selected for cadetship in such academies. be subject to training. The decision of the Secretary of National Defense or his duly authorized representative shall be final. to include cadets of the Philippine Merchant Marine Academy and other similar local merchant marine academies duly recognized by the Government for the training of officers candidates. Those who fail to complete shall be subject to training. Cadets of the Philippine Military Academy and of other military or police service academics.to support application for deferment. may grant deferment on the following grounds and conditions: Individuals who are indispensable to the support of their dependent families may be granted deferments not exceeding two (2) years after which they shall be subject to training.

SECTION 33. Those selected shall upon instruction report to the designated military camp or unit for training. if any. payment of basic salary during such military training shall be in accordance with existing laws or with his company’s policies on its employees on leave from his employment. ha shall . SECTION 31. Registrants will be selected for draftee training and service in accordance with Sections 14 to 26 hereof. after which his services as draftee shall be terminated. shall not be considered as having forfeited his seniority status. The nature and amount of such expenses shall be prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense. he shall be assigned to a new position without diminution of his pay and allowances. SECTION 30. male citizens between the ages of eighteen (18) and thirty-five (35) shall be called to training and active service for a period not to exceed twenty-four (24) months. Provided. he shall resume his former position or. he shall be assigned to a new position or. establishments and organization which have affiliated units shall be encouraged to undergo military training to qualify them as reserve officers or noncommissioned officers. and shall continue to receive the salary he was receiving prior to his call to military training.000. The expenses incident to the operation of the acceptance board shall be borne by the Department of National Defense which shall include the funds therefor in its annual appropriations. Key officers and employees of government or private entities. Upon termination of his military training. Than upon termination of his draftee service. broken down into a training period of not more than six (6) months and an active service period of not more than eighteen (18) months. if not practicable.00) and not less than twenty (20) employees who undergoes military training shall not be separated or terminated from such employment. Draftee Training and Service. The registrants who shall have been finally qualified and selected by the acceptance board shall be reported to the Secretary of National Defense. An employee in the Government including one in a government-owned or controlled corporation or private employment with monthly operating volume of not less than three hundred thousand pesos (300. corporations. Procurement of Reservist Officers and Non-commissioned Officers for Affiliated Reserve Units. Expenses of the Acceptance Board. SECTION 32. In the case of private employment.SECTION 29. provided he is honorably terminated or discharged from military training or service shall be taken into account as to whether or not he should be reinstated to his former employment. A draftee may volunteer and be accepted for an extension of active service of not more than twelve (12) consecutive months. Security of Tenure in Government or private Employment while on Military training. The members of the acceptance board shall not receive any salary or compensation for their services in the board. Final Acceptance by Board. they shall be assigned to key positions in the affiliated units where they are employed and called to active service with these units once they are activated. if not practicable. As such. A draftee during the period of his active duty service to include extension of such service is entitled to receive all the pay and allowances due his grades as received by any member of the regular force. As may be ordered by the President.

Incorporation into Training. The Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe the course of instruction. among others. Basic Citizen Military training. That no registrants shall be transferred to a training center outside his province or designated training center except in the case of Philippine Navy and Philippine Air Force registrants if there are air or naval training centers thereat. discipline support for an adherence to the Constitution. During the period of hospitalization. ARTICLE VII CITIZEN MILITARY TRAINING SECTION 35. Retention for Maximum Hospitalization. Registrants finally selected for military training pursuant to Section 30 hereof shall undergo a basic military training for a period of not more than six (6) months. patriotism. the commanding officer of the training center shall be authorized to issue the necessary orders covering his transportation and provide the funds for the purpose: Provide. SECTION 38. not due to his intentional misconduct. shall be retained beyond the period of his reservist/draftee service with his consent for the necessary hospitalization and medical care until such time that he recovers. SECTION 37. . universities and similar institutions of learning is mandatory pursuant to the provisions of the National Defense Act and the 1987 Constitution. Where a change of training center is necessary to provide the requisite training. There shall be established in every province at least one (1) training center for the conduct of citizen military and reservist training with a minimum training capacity of one (1) infantry rifle company at a time. Upon reporting to their assigned training centers. A reservist/draftee who is injured or contracts a disease or sickness while undergoing training and service. SECTION 36. the selected registrants shall be physically examined and if found fit for the service shall be inducted into service. willful failure or neglect. or is determined that further hospitalization will not improve his condition. he shall be entitled to subsistence allowances and hospitalization benefits as are available tot he members of the regular force who are patients in armed forces hospitals. SECTION 34. subjects on moral virtues. The course of instruction shall include.receive a separation gratuity of not less than one (1) month salary for every of his service to include six (6) months of training upon the condition that a period of six (6) months shall be considered a complete year for purposes of this gratuity. These training centers shall form part of the reserve component organization of the major services and shall be referred to as citizen military training centers. Military training for students enrolled in colleges. or vicious or immoral habits. and respect for the rights of civilians. Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC). Citizen Military Training Center.

In the case of students volunteering for reserve officers training. The Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe the organization and staffing of ROTC units. those taking the basic ROTC are required to pay a reasonable . SECTION 40. which is voluntary. At such colleges. and a military physician. SECTION 41. That the school requesting for such establishment shall provide the training ground and office facilities free of charge. However. SECTION 42. Where the student is below eighteen (18) years of age. universities and similar institutions of learning that request for the conduct of military training in their institutions. composed of the commandant of the ROTC unit. which shall conduct military training for the students of such institutions for the purpose of producing enlisted and officers reservists. maintenance and operation of ROTC units shall be provided for in the regular annual appropriations of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. operation and maintenance of ROTC training: Provided. Reserve Officers in the active service as well as qualified enlisted and officer reservists in the inactive status shall be given priority to handle training instruction and to assist in the administration and shall be entitled to receive honoraria and other allowances as the Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe. The advance ROTC cadets shall each be provided free two (2) suits of fatigue uniform with headgear. they shall further be subject to competitive examination in order to select the best material. The program of institution shall be prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense and may include instruction to prepare female students for military service: Provided. Funds for Maintenance and Operation of School ROTC Units. That such course of instruction shall not exceed two (2) academics years in the case of enlisted reservist. belt and one (1) pair of combat boots for the duration of the training. Students who volunteer for advance ROTC shall be screened by an ROTC acceptance board which is hereby created for the purpose. shall hereafter be referred to as basis ROTC while the second two (2) years after said basic ROTC. The allocation of ROTC units to the various major services of the AFP shall conform to the projected manpower needs of their respective reserve components. there shall be established and maintained Reserve Officers Training Corps units as the Secretary of National Defense may approve. Organization and Staffing of ROTC Units. The school of the student may not be required to spend any amount for the establishment. Such appropriations shall provide for all the full funding support for advance ROTC only. The student volunteer shall be physically examined for fitness for training and shall further be made to execute in writing a testament that he volunteered for training of his own volition. The funds for the establishment. a representative of the school nominated by the school authorities.. which is mandatory. and four (4) academic years in the case of officer reservists which shall include as necessary summer probationary training of not more than sixty (60) consecutive days.SECTION 39.Acceptance for Advance ROTC. shall hereafter be referred to as advance ROTC. he shall be required to obtain his parents or guardians consent. Establishment of ROTC Units in Schools. The students undergoing advance ROTC shall be referred to as advance ROTC cadets. The first two (2) years of training.

SECTION 43. That those to be awarded rank above private shall be chosen based on merit. Those who continue to the advance ROTC course shall continue to carry their enlisted rank until their successful completion of advance ROTC. The reservist shall be notified in writing of his assignment to reserve unit and a mobilization center. Graduates of basic ROTC shall be given a reserve enlisted rank and serial number and assigned to reserve units and mobilization centers in their provinces. Reservist Registry. Disposition of Graduates of Advance ROTC. The ranks to be awarded shall be from private and sergeant or its equivalent: Provided. The Chief of Staff. Elected Officials and Presidential Appointees. Notification of Reserve Assignment. further. Those who fail to complete the course shall be conferred the enlisted rank of sergeant or its equivalent and similarly assigned to reserve units and mobilization centers. Those with manifest potential may be commissioned in the regular force as second lieutenants subject to the criteria for regular officers of this rank for that particular service. SECTION 46. the amount to be determined by the Secretary of National Defense in coordination with the school officials concerned. Award of Ranks and Assignments to reserve Units of Graduates of ROTC. SECTION 47. The funds for the purpose shall be carried in the annual appropriations of the AFP. SECTION 48. SECTION 45. That the quota for noncommissioned officers shall not exceed five percent (5%) of the authorized strength of the unit to which the reservist shall be assigned after graduation: Provided.fee. Scholarship Incentive for Advance ROTC Training. ARTICLE VIII INCORPORATION INTO THE RESERVE FORCE SECTION 44. AFP shall promulgate the guidelines for the implementation of this provision. The armed Forces of the Philippines shall provide all city/municipal treasurers of chartered cities and municipalities of the list of those who have . Students undergoing advance ROTC who belong to the upper five percent (5%) of their academic class shall be provided a tuition subsidy of fifty (50%) of their annual tuition for the period of their advance ROTC. Probationary training as a requisite before commissionship shall be determined by the major service concerned based on technical skills. experience or qualifications of the applicants. Those who successfully completed the advance ROTC course shall be recommended for commission in the reserve as second lieutenants ands assigned to the reserve units and mobilization centers in their provinces. Elected officials and presidential appointees may be commissioned into the Reserve Force subject to the existing AFP rules and regulations. He shall be made to acknowledge receipt in writing of such notification.

AFP shall create an AFP Reserve Command within one (1) year from the effectivity of this ACT.successfully completed military training. indicating therein among others their rank. the services of the national and local reservists and veterans organizations will be tapped to assist in the accounting of reservists. development and utilization of their respective Reserve Force component. Shall be accounted for. equipage and maintenance of their respective reserve components subject to the regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense. their records and status updated and present whereabouts ascertained in order to ensure their readiness to the call of duty. To this end. reserve unit assignment and mobilization center. particularly those belonging to the Ready and Standby Reserves. SECTION 50. As far as practicable. Training of Individual of Reservist and Reserve Units. It shall be the duty of the local civil registrar to maintain and update the reservist registry. AFP and in each Major Service Headquarters. training. The services of qualified individual enlisted and officer reservists shall be utilized to the maximum in the conduct ROTC . In the case of the major services. and Voluntary training subject to the capability of the AFP to provide the training. All reservists. TRAINING AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE RESERVE FORCE SECTION 49. Organization for Maintenance and Administration of the Reserve Force. Accounting of Reservists. In the General Headquarters. In staffing the command structure of these units. Such training shall have for its principal purpose the enhancement of the readiness of the individual reservists and reserve units to respond to the call to service. The Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe the course of instruction for the aforementioned training. The major services shall be responsible for the administration. preference shall be given to qualified reserve officers in the active service and integrees. Maximum opportunity shall be afforded the reservists to update their skills through compulsory or voluntary training. commissioned and noncommissioned officers shall be encouraged to undergo training on a voluntary basis to upgrade their proficiency with priority to the officers and key noncommissioned officers of the Standby Reserve units. ARTICLE IX MAINTENANCE. The chief of Staff. there shall be a staff division of the level of the principal coordinating staff which shall be dedicated to planning and policy formulation for the administration. there shall be two (2) types of training: Compulsory training of not less than thirty (30) days but not more than sixty (60) days for reserve units and/or individual reservist in a given year preferably to First Category Reservists. there shall further be a separate unit dedicated to the implementation of such plans and policies. SECTION 51. serial number. Individual reservists.

Such instruction shall prepare the reserve officers to assume duties up to brigade command and staff or equivalent. further. reserve officers in the inactive status shall be called to active duty for a period not exceeding two (2) years without extension: Provided. A reserve officer who has served his tour shall not be called again to active duty until after (5) years. That the quota for such active duty tour shall as far as practicable be proportionately distributed to the provinces and cities based on their reserve officer population and size of the reserve units. Reserve Officers Nonresident Instruction. there shall be at least one (1) unit of infantry battalion strength under readiness status of Ready reserve I. Mobilization Stock. particularly key officers of Ready Reserve units. Ready Reserve II Units classified as Ready Reserve II shall be maintained in a high degree of readiness as to be ready for operational employment in not more than fifteen (15) days. The individual and crew served weapons and individual clothing and equipment shall be ready for distribution upon their activation. SECTION 52.and reservists training. SECTION 55. The whereabouts of their reservists shall be constantly ascertained. AFP shall select and recommend to the Secretary of National Defense the reserve units under Ready Reserve I and Ready Reserve II: Provided. The Chief of Staff. As necessary. The reserve officers undertaking such course shall be given priority for call to annual duty training or service with their units or with other AFP{ units. That the reserve officers called to active duty shall as far as practicable serve in the province of their reserve unit assignment. Each major service shall conduct on a continuing basis nonresident instruction for the purpose of maintaining and updating the proficiency of its reservist officers. SECTION 54. except in case of mobilization. with priority to units of Ready Reserve I: Provided. there units shall carry an excess of twenty percent (20%) of their authorized personnel strength to compensate for those who may fail to report or be late in reporting for duty. In order to improve their professional competence and leadership qualities. Successful completion of the nonresident course will be equivalent to having undertaken one (1) annual active duty training tour. SECTION 53. Units which are composed of reservists of the Ready Reserve shall be classified as to degree of readiness to respond to the call to service. as follows: Ready Reserve I Units classified as Ready Reserve I shall be maintained in a high degree of readiness as to be ready for operational employment in not more than seven (7) days after activation. That in areas threatened by insurgency. Classification and Maintenance of Readiness of Reserve Units. Active Duty Tour for Training of Reserve Officers. The minimum essential individual and organizational equipment .

only the units of the Ready Reserve as are necessary to meet the threat will be activated. When so ordered. subject to the rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of National Defense. Reservists on compulsory training shall be subject to military law. When partial mobilization is ordered. all units of the Ready and Standby Reserves will be activated. All other reservists not assigned to any unit or those assigned to reserve pools shall be organized into replacement units. The President will specify the units to be activated. They shall not receive pay but shall be entitled to allowances and burial benefits as provided by law. SECTION 57. UTILIZATION OF THE RESERVE FORCE. Partial Mobilization. stored and maintained for selected Ready Reserve units to enhance rapid transition to readiness required for employment in the shortest possible time. or active auxiliary units are organized and volunteer reservist are called to active auxiliary service for the purpose. only selected units of the Ready Reserve of the localities involved are activated and the reservists assigned to them are called to active duty. the reservists assigned to these units are called to active duty and the activated units are placed on operational readiness. When full mobilization is ordered.and supplies shall be procured. and Selective Mobilization. ARTICLE X. Mobilization. and the units activated are placed on operational readiness. SECTION 58. Partial mobilization shall be through the joint act of Congress and the President. There shall be only one (1) classification of reserve officers in the inactive status regardless of their source or nature of commission. Likewise. Reservists on voluntary training are also subject to military law but shall not be entitled to allowances. Successful completion of training pursuant to Section 51 and 52 hereof shall be a requisite for promotion in rank in the inactive status. under such rules and . SECTION 56. there shall be only one (1) seniority and lineal list for all reservist officers in the inactive status regardless of their source of commission. Classification of Reserve Officers in the Inactive Status. SECTION 59. � Selective mobilization shall be by authority of President. The utilization of the Reserve Force in times of emergency to meet threats to national security shall be through mobilization. Selective mobilization may be ordered to meet a local threat or emergency situation. the reservists constituting them are called to active duty. Training as Requisite for Promotion. Status of Reservists on Training. Full Mobilization Full mobilization shall be through the joint act of Congress and the President.

Reservists serving under this category shall not be armed. That these reservists will be utilized only for the defense of their respective localities and will not be employed outside their localities. The Secretary of National Defense. Those who have licensed firearms may be granted permit to carry firearms only when they are actually performing duties in maintaining peace and order. medical care. assisting in rescue and relief operations. Such voluntary services shall be referred to as auxiliary service and shall be of two (2) types: Civil Auxiliary Service Civil auxiliary service covers services rendered I n helping maintain law and order. SECTION 62. Military Auxiliary Service Military auxiliary service covers services rendered in meeting local insurgency threat. Status of Reservist under Mobilization. participating in socioeconomic development projects. upon recommendation of the Chief of Staff. Mobilization Centers. The citizen military training centers in the provinces established under this Act may also be used as mobilization centers.regulations as the Secretary of National Defense may prescribe. Elected/appointment local government officials are expected to perform their duties and responsibilities in their respective peace and order council levels or similar organizations . shall prescribe the location of the mobilization centers. Demobilization When the threat or emergency for which mobilization had been ordered has passed. the President shall order the demobilization of the reserve units activated and the reservists of such deactivated units shall be reverted to the inactive status. SECTION 63. They must be issued and allowed to carry firearms: Provided. hospitalization and other privileges and benefits prescribed by law or regulations for officers and enlisted personnel of the regular force. Female reservists shall be given greater participation in this regard. assisting in rescue and relief operations during disasters and calamities. SECTION 60. Auxiliary Service. the President may call upon the reservists in the affected or concerned localities to volunteer their services. For the purpose of helping maintain local peace and order meeting local insurgency threat. provided adequate control measures are instituted by the proper authorities concerning the carrying and use of firearms. SECTION 61. The location of these centers shall be given the widest public information by the local executives. An enlisted or officer reservist when called to active duty by virtue of mobilization shall receive all the pay and allowances. Reservist serving under this category will be organized into Ready Reserve units. delivery of health services and any other nonmilitary activity. health welfare activities and participating in local socioeconomic development projects. There shall be established in each province as many mobilization centers as needed corresponding to the number and distribution of reservists in the province to which reservists will report when mobilization is ordered. In no case shall the reservists be vested with police powers. AFP and in consultation with the local executives.

A reservist serving military auxiliary service is subject to military auxiliary service is subject to military law. as well as provide for the adequate training of citizen soldiers or reservists. The relevant standards for admission. development and training of the reserve components of the AFP and which will subsequently and hereafter be appropriated for the purpose shall be used exclusively for the purpose of implementing the provisions of this Act. whether civil or military. training. ARTICLE XII TRANSITORY PROVISIONS . as may be requested or recommended by the AFP Reserve Command or the AFP. Funding. Status of Reservists on Auxiliary Service. whereas. The Secretary of National Defense shall prescribe the rules and regulations to implement this section in coordination with the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government. All funds previously appropriated for the administration. adequate funds for this purpose. SECTION 64. Women Reservists Women shall have the right and duty to serve in the AFP. a reservist serving civil auxiliary service is not. maintenance and utilization of Ready Reserve units and keep them appropriately and adequately equipped and in a state of readiness. All reservist performing auxiliary service shall not receive pay but shall be entitled to receive allowances and burial benefits as provided by law. To sustain the efficient and effective administration. SECTION 65. The President shall utilize a portion of the Military Assistance Fund available from any source to augment the appropriation for the Reserve Force. may continue to render such service without receiving the allowances due him.efficiently and effectively to enhance a total integrated system approach against threats to national security. except for those essential adjustments in such standards required because of physiological differences between men and women. With his consent. shall be appropriated and made available on a continuing basis. ARTICLE XI FUNDING SECTION 66. organization. a reservist on auxiliary service. training and commissioning of women shall be the same as those required for men.

be punishable and liable for imprisonment of not less than one (1) month to not more than three (3) months. ARTICLE XIII SECTION 68. Citizens who fail to register for compulsory military training or who after having selected to undergo such training and have been notified thereof fail to report for training shall. ARTICLE XIV RESCISSION AND EFFECTIVITY SECTION 70. upon conviction by the civil court be punishable and liable for imprisonment of not less than one (1) month to not more than three (3) months under Section 16 and 19 of this Act.SECTION 67. executive orders. upon conviction by the civil court. SECTION 69. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. decrees. Failure to Provide Updated List of Registrants. Failure of reservists to respond to the call to compulsory training or service shall be punishable in accordance with the Articles of War. SECTION 71. Penalties. Retention of ROTC Units in Colleges and Universities. and those convicted by a court martial shall be liable for imprisonment of not less than two (2) months to not more than twelve (12) months. Failure of registrars ands canvassers to provide an updated listing of registrants under their responsibility shall. All laws. ROTC units in colleges and universities shall continue with ROTC training in accordance with this Act. Effectivity. Repealing Clause. rules and regulations which are inconsistent or in conflict with any provision of this Act are hereby repealed or modified. .