Classic Brainteasers

Illustrated by Jeff Sinclair

Martin Gardner

A Divison of Vision Books Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi • Mumbai • Hyderabad

Wood's End. Delhi-110 006 Printed in India at Kay Kay P r i n t e r s . Inc. Delhi-110 007 Cover Printed at Ravindra Printing Press. Ltd ) Madarsa Road. USA Published by Orient Paperbacks (A division of Vision Books Pvt.. Inc. Cover design by Vision Studio Published in a r r a n g e m e n t with Sterling Publishing Co. Delhi-110 006 .ISBN 81-222-0207-1 1st Published in Orient Paperbacks 1996 2nd Printing 1999 Classic Brainteasers © 1994. Kashmere Gate.

Warming Up A Wrong Spell • The Great Shoot-Out • A Secret Message • Nose Versus Feet • Hidden Beasts and Insects • Fat Bats and Other Mixed-Up Beasts • Silly Pictures 13 2. Look Sharp! 21 What's Wrong with These Pictures? • The Alphabet Zoo • The Careless Sign Painter • What Letter? • Jane's Patchwork Quilt • Find the Missing Thief • Find Charley's Car • Napoleon at Home • A Sheer Mistake 4. Tricky Questions 31 Open-and-Shut Case • Two Customers • The Pistol Duel • Name the Product • The Stolen Lugs • Donald Gets His Roller Blades • Who Reads Faster? • Ripping Good Puzzle • A Knotty Problem • Find the Missing Word • Cops and Robbers • We Predict! 5.Contents 5 1. Teasers 41 Professor Egghead's PROVERBS • Elvira's Jeans • Name the Word • A Burglary • The Amazing Computer • Pat. Perkins' Pets • The Three Paths • Lost in the Woods • An Odd Trip • Upside-Down Years • Dog Bites Man . the Goalie • Mrs. Word for Word Wacky Wordles • Shifty Letters • The Mysterious License • Wilbur's Word • Hidden Proverb • The Puzzling Grocer • The Hidden Names 3.

Logic Puzzles How Comes • Slice the Pie • The Clever Postman • Name the Men • The Colored Socks • The Fourth Child • The Clever Prisoner • The Smiths' Family Tree • The Mysterious Tracks • Where's the Tiger? • Name the Relation • Heads or Tails? Answers 81 95 Index 96 About the Author 4 . Science and Math Puzzles Dots and Squares • The Hindu Squares • Exploring the Moon • Pepper or Salt? • Knots or Not? • The Triangular Cat • The Startled Astronomer • The Puzzled Inventor • Lewis Carroll's SQUARES 59 7. Find the Mistakes Barbershop • House and Back Yard • Living Room • Landscape • Crazy Timepiece 69 8.51 6.

5 .

Nothing happens. Can you tell why his spell is not working? Answers on page 86.A Wrong Spell The wizard is doing his best to turn the prince into a frog by pronouncing the magic word. 6 .

Who do you think will win the shoot-out? Answer on page 82.The Great Shoot-Out Chester Chimp and Roger Rattlesnake are about to have a gunfight on the main street of Tombstone. .

because my nose and my feet TEACHER: Can you think of the two missing words? Answer on page 82. 8 . Nose Versus Feet Our nose was made to smell with and our feet were made to run with. TOMMY: I must be made all wrong then.A Secret Message Shown above is a hidden greeting from me to you. Can you decipher it? Answer on page 82.

For example.Hidden Beasts and Insects Hidden in the name of each living thing pictured here is the name of a different living thing." Can you find the animals hidden in the other names? Answers on page 82. BUTTERFLY BULLFROG CROCODILE 9 . concealed in the name "fox" is the word "ox.

Fat Bats and Other MixedCip Beasts
Each picture on these pages shows an animal that can be described by two words that rhyme. For example, the first picture is a fat bat, the second is a cryin' lion. How many of the others can you describe the same way?

Answers on page 82.



Silly Pictures
At first these drawings won't look like anything, just funny designs. But study them carefully. Suddenly you'll see them in a different way and the pictures will be clear to you. The poem below each drawing describes the scene. You fill in the missing words.

1. An often Passes through A cloud that's floating In the blue.

2. An Named Happy Jack Likes to sunbathe On his back.

3. On the beach Miss Five-by-five Loves to do A fancy

4. A

going Down a hill Turned a curve And took a spill.
Answers on page 82.


13 .

Wacky Wordles Each word or group of words on these pages is printed so that it stands for a familiar phrase. the first one means "A sock in the eye." Now see if you can guess the others! 14 . For example.

15 .

Answer on page 83. Ollie Lee bought a new car. Can you figure out why he wanted these figures on it? Answers on page 86. The Mysterious License When Mr.Shifty Letters Copy the squares shown directly above and then see if you can arrange them in line to spell the name of an animal. he asked for a license plate (marker) with the number 337 31770. Here's a picture of it. 16 .

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See if you can read it by starting at the right letter. then taking every other letter as you go twice around the border.Hidden Proverb A humorous twist on an old proverb is hidden in this border. 18 . Answer on page 83.

the first sign means that he has peas for sale. Answers on page 83. For example. 19 .The Puzzling Grocer This grocer likes to use signs that puzzle his customers. Can you figure out the other signs? Each one contains the hidden name of something else the grocer sells.

Can you guess their names? Answers on page 83.The Hidden Names This boy and girl have written some numbers on the blackboard. 20 .

21 .

What's Wrong with These Pictures? 22 .

Can you find the errors? Answers on page 86. 23 .The artist has made a serious error somewhere in each one of these pictures.

to the next letter. in any direction. 24 .The Alphabet Zoo Nine well-known animals can be spelled with the letters shown above. then move along a black line. Can you spell all the animals? Answers on page 86. Start with any letter.

See if you can correct his error by changing one of the letters. 25 .The Careless Sign Painter The sign painter made a careless mistake on his sign. Can you guess the letter? Answer on page 84. What Letter? The three mysterious black shapes represent a letter of the alphabet. Answer on page 84.

Jane's Patchwork Quilt

When Jane sewed this patchwork quilt, she cleverly worked into it her own name and the names of all her girlfriends. The dotted line shows how to spell J-A-N-E by going from letter to adjoining letter. See if you can spell at least ten other girls' names in the same manner. You can spell up, down, sideways, or diagonally.
Answers on page 84.


Find the Missing Thief
The map you see below shows the street corners where four policemen are standing. A thief is hidden at one of the numbered intersections where he can't be seen by any one of the policemen. At which intersection can the thief be found?
Answer on page 84.


Find Charleys Car
Charley drove to town alone. After parking his car, he closed all its windows, got out and locked its doors, and then put a quarter in the parking meter. Which one of the five cars in the picture is Charley's?
Answer on page 84.


Napoleon at Home carefully at this picture Napoleon Bonaparte spending a quiet afternoon at home. 29 .

A Sheer Mistake The artist made a mistake when he drew these scissors. Can you figure out what is wrong? Answer on page 84. 30 .

31 .

The artist has made a curious mistake. Higgenbotham has opened the shutters to let in fresh air through the window. The cleric understood at once. Can you spot it? Answer on page 85. A man who was unable to see now entered the store.Open-and-Shut Case Mrs. he poked a finger into his left ear and then made a grinding motion around his other ear with his fist. To make the clerk understand what he wanted. How did he make the clerk understand that he wanted to buy a pair of scissors? Answer on page 85. 32 . Two Customers A person who was unable to hear entered a stationery store to buy a wall pencil sharpener.

two Frenchmen. fought a duel with pistols. Each put a bullet through his opponent s head. CLERK: That will be ninety cents. CUSTOMER: I'll take a hundred and forty-four. yet neither Alphonse nor Gaston died. CLERK: Sixty cents. How could this be? Answer on page 85. 33 . What on earth is the customer buying? CUSTOMER: CLERK: Answer on page 85. CUSTOMER: I'll take fourteen.The Pistol Duel A century ago. Name the Product How much is one? Thirty cents. Alphonse and Gaston.

The Stolen Lugs Mr. 34 . After finding the lugs missing. how does Mr. Green manage to attach his spare tire and drive to the nearest serv ice station where he can obtain four more lugs? Answer on page 85. Green has removed a flat tire and is putting on the spare. He doesn't know that a squirrel is stealing the four lugs (nuts) that hold the tire to the axle.

" said Tommy. Donald opened the door. Then he ran ' outside and put them on. "Lets go skating. "Wait there until I get my roller blades. It was his friend Tommy. who lived across the street. 35 . One afternoon the doorbell rang.Donald Gets His Roller Blades Donald lived with his parents and an older sister in a onestory brick house or) the end of Main Street." Donald said. What's wrong with this i storv? Answer on page 85. He and Tommy spent the rest of the afternoon skating. "Okay. He got his skates from under the bed in his room on j the second floor." Donald ran quickly up the stairs.

who is the faster reader? Answer on page 85.Who Reads Faster? If it takes Willie 80 minutes to read a short story. 36 . and tie a knot in the string without letting go of either end? Answer on page 85. 53 and 54 out of this book. how many separate sheets of paper would you rip out? Answer on page 85. and it takes his sister an hour and ten minutes to read the same story. 9. Ripping Good Puzzle If you were to tear pages 8. Can you figure out a way to hold a piece of rope or string. one end in each hand. 48.

Find the Missing Word 37 .

then he wins. The policeman tries to catch the thief. players move in turns. Try playing the game for a while with a friend. Put it on the thief's picture. The smaller coin is the policeman. where the trick is explained. 2. Here are the simple rules: 1. The thief tries to keep from getting caught. This is accomplished by moving the smaller coin so that it lands on top of the larger one. If neither of you discovers the secret. After that. turn to page 86. Hint: There is a secret way to catch the thief! If the cop knows it. The policeman always moves first. One player moves the smaller coin and the other moves the larger one. he can catch the robber every time. The larger one represents the robber. 38 . 4. He is rushing out of the police station to catch the robber. in any direction. the thief will never be caught.Cops and Robbers To play this game. you need two coins of different sizes. But if he doesn't. If he isn't captured in 50 of the policeman's moves. Each move is one block only. 3. Put it on the cop's picture.

39 .

Write down the name of an animal starting with the last letter of the country's name. 2. 3. Write down the name of a fruit starting with the last letter in the name of the animal you chose for the fourth step. Now to the answer section. 4. We'll give our prediction of the five words you have written! Answers on page 86. 5.We Predict! 1. Write down the name of a country starting with D. Write down the name of an animal starting with the second letter in the country's name. Write down the color of the animal. 40 .

41 .

42 . Fortescue Egghead likes to use big words and complicated sentences. See how many you can recognize. Here is how the professor would say eight well-known proverbs. and then check the answers on page 86.Professor Egghead's PROVERBS Professor J.

Answers on page 86. 43 .

Name the Word I — I The symbols above stand for a familiar four-letter word. and pushed her left hand all the way down in her right pocket. How did she manage that? Answer on page 86. 44 . What word? Answer on page 86.Elvira's Jeans After putting on a new pair ot jeans. Elvira pushed her right hand all the way down into the left pocket of the pants.

All the wife's jewels are missing. "There's been no burglary. 45 ." Mr. "That won't be necessary. "You'll want to check inside for fingerprints.A Burglary The Johnsons have just reported a robbery." the policeman replied." What made the policeman so sure? Answer on page 86. Johnson said to the policeman.

and write in all languages. How many cats and dogs does she have? Answer on page 87. and all her pets are cats except one. said: "I'm the only player on the team who has a brother who can say truthfully that his father is the only man in town who doesn't have a son who goes to Central High. Perkins' pets are dogs except one. A delete device will correct any error. Pat." This seems impossible. subtract.The Amazing Computer A store has on sale a computer and word processor small enough to fit in your pocket. Perkins' Pets All of Mrs. the goalie on Central High's soccer team. No electricity is required to operate it. Can you explain? Answer on page 87. Mrs. The price? Only a few cents! How can the store make a profit by selling it so cheap? Answer on page 87. 46 . the Goalie Pat. It can add. multiply. divide.

Can you draw a path from Mr. another path from Mrs. Smith to the fitness studio. and a third path from J i m m y Smith to the ballgame—without having one path cross another? Answer on page 87. Smith to the computer store. 47 .

48 . or diagonally. Can you find a path to the edge using only odd-number squares? You may move up or down.The star marks the spot on this squareshaped forest where you are lost. Answers on page 86. right. left or . The broken line shows how to get to the edge by moving only on even-number squares.

Answer on page 87. 49 . but only one holds the key to the correct route.An Odd Trip Each dot is a citv. Don't count Mexico Citv or Acapulco.

Explain! Answer on page 87. 50 . Yet the farmer told the truth.Upside-Down Years What year of this century is the same when its number is upside down? What year of the previous century is the same when inverted? Answers on page 87. Dog Bites Man STRANGER FARMER: (to a farmer): Does your dog bite? Nope. The dog then bit the stranger on his leg.

51 .

The Hindu Squares How many different squares can you find in this picture? The answer looks easy.Dots and Squares How many different squares are indicated by four spots that mark their corners? Answer on page 87. but it's harder than it seems. There may be more here than you think there are! Answer on page 88. 52 .

53 . the artist has made a scientific error. Somewhere in the picture.Exploring the Moon These astronauts are exploring a crater on the moon. Then check your guess with the answer on page 88. First see if you can find it.

he's very proud of it and uses it all the time to give his food flavor. 54 . If he turns the crank in the direction of the arrow. As you can imagine.Pepper or Salt? This is Professor Piffle's latest invention—an automatic salt-and-pepper shaker. will this amazing machine shake salt or pepper in his bowl of soup? Answer on page 88. Right now he's about to use it on one of his favorite dishes—hot soup.

The Triangular Cat 55 . Can you pick out the two that will? Answer on page 88. two ropes will f ° r r n knots a n ( J t v v o won't.K n O t S OF N 0 t ? " vou pull on the ends of each rope shown above.

Somewhere in this picture. 56 .is twinkling between the horns of a new moon. Can vou find it? Answer on page 88. too.The Startled Astronomer This amateur astronomer is examining a star that. the artist has made a glaring scientific error.

57 . What do you think? Answer on page 88. He is trying to figure out which way the wheel at the bottom will turn if he rotates the top wheel in the direction of the arrow.The Puzzled Inventor Professor Piffle is working on another mad invention with gear wheels.

Answer on page 88.Lewis Carroll's SQUARES This interesting puzzle was invented by the author of Alice in Wonderland. 58 . Draw the three squares in one continuous line without crossing any lines or taking the pencil off the paper.

7. Find the Mistakes How many mistakes can you find in the pictures on the following pages? 59 .

60 .

61 .

62 .

63 .

64 .

65 .

(iO .

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Can you find all of them? Answers on page 92.Crazy Timepiece The artist has made exactly seven mistakes in this picture. 68 .

69 .

A cowboy rode into Dodge City on Friday. How come? 2. Not a single parent objected when the teacher spanked every child in the class.How Comes 1. How come? 5. but not a single survivor was buried. A truck driver went three blocks the wrong way down a one-way street without breaking the law. stayed two days. then rode out of town on Friday. How come? 6. How come? 70 . Thirty people died in a plane crash. yet it is impossible for them to kiss. How come? 4. yet he was never arrested. How come? 3. Jones was caught stealing 27 times in one year. A boy and girl are standing on the same sheet of newspaper.

A lady took her poodle for a walk." How come? 10. and he was never divorced. A dog trotted all the way across a lake without sinking in the water. A man drove all the way from Montreal to Vancouver without knowing he had a flat tire. How come? 11. How come? 16. A person living in Oklahoma can't be buried in Texas. behind her. A man tossed a soccer ball ten feet. A snooper was able to see right through the brick wall of a house. reversed direction and came back to him. How come? 12. A man married 57 women. 71 . How come? 15. A prizefighter was unconscious seven times during the same week.7. How come? Answers on page 92-93. or on one side. How come? 9. How come? 14. None died. yet he was never ill or injured or knocked out in a fight. The dog did not walk ahead of her. yet he was one of the most admired men in town. There are only two Rs in "Robert Richardson. 96 is not 69 upside down. It stopped in midair. How come? 13. How come? 8.

Murphy is trying to figure out how she can cut her apple pie with four straight cuts and make the largest number of pieces. What is the largest number you can get with four cuts? 72 .Slice the Pie Mrs.

The dog growled and bared its teeth.The Clever Postman When the postman arrived at the Smith home to deliver mail through a slot in the front door. The dog was fastened to a tree by a chain just long enough to reach the front door. How did the clever postman outwit the dog and reach the door safely? Answer on page 93. 73 . he was surprised to find the Smiths had acquired a vicious dog.

Carpenter met on the street one afternoon. he cannot be the carpenter. "that not one of us has a profession that is the same as our names?" "That's true. 74 . Cook is talking to the carpenter. Cook to the others.Name the Men Answer oh page 93. Mr. Sailor and Mr. Can you now give the correct last n a m e of each man shown in the above picture? Hint: Since Mr. Cook. Mr." said Mr." agreed the man who was the carpenter. "Isn't it funny.

then open the drawer and take out some socks without looking at them. They are exactly alike except for color.The Colored Socks Ten red socks and ten green socks are all mixed up in a drawer. what is the smallest number you can take out and still be absolutely sure that you have a pair of socks that match? Answer on page 93. The oldest. she named North. What was her first name? Answers on page 86. The youngest child was another girl. The third child. had exactly four children. Jones. If you close your eyes. The next oldest. she named East. a boy. Mrs. a boy. 75 . she named South. The Fourth Child Marys mother. a girl.

The Clever Prisoner KING: One box contains a white marble. You may select either box. What did he do to escape death? Answer on page 94. you go free. If you choose the white marble. the other box contains a black marble. you will be hanged." The prisoner knew that the king was an evil man. and that each box contained a black marble. If vou choose the black marble. 76 .

the only member of the third generation. Francis Smith. appears in the bottom row of great-grandchildren.The Smiths' Family Tree This family tree shows Mr. AV A J t Y Answer on page 94 77 . Ebenezer Smith and their descendants for three generations. and Mrs. Now see if you know which one of the children is Francis Smith. Remember that only the male child carries on the family name when he gets married.

78 . is trying to figure out who or what made these oddlooking tracks that lead across the snow towards a woodshed on the farm. the great detective. Shamrock Jones. What is your guess? Answer on page 94.» Mr.

Where's the Tiger? The tiger is in B or C. Th is one isn't easy. Where is the tiger? Answer on page 94. 79 . The tiger is here. The tiger is in A or D. Three of the statements below the doors are false. A tiger is behind one of the four doors. The tiger is not here.

" said the man as he pointed to a photograph in his hand. You flip it fifty times and each time it comes up heads. Heads or Tails? Someone gives you a coin.Name the Relation "The father of this person. If you flip it once more. "is my father's son. yet I have no brothers and no sons." What relation was the man to the person in the picture? Answers on page 94. which is most likely. 80 . heads or tails? Answer on page 94.

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Airplane. Mobster lobster. Kickin' chicken. Frail whale. Wacky Wordles 2. Girl squirrel. Keep it u n d e r your hat. [beejtle. 7\ pair of pants. Nose Versus Feet Tommy said. Cleaner hyena. A flat lire. A Secret Message T i p the p a g e forward so that you view the picture Irom a steep slant a n d you will see the greeting. Elephant. cro[cod]ile. Silly Pictures 1. . Full bull." The Great Shoot-Out Roger Rattlesnake will lose the g u n f i g h t because he has no h a n d s with which to draw his g u n . Deep sheep. Skier. Colossal fossil. It is "Abracadabra. 4. . Golftn' dolphin. eleph[ant]. b u t t e r f f l y j .A Wrong Spell T h e Wizard is pronouncing the magic word incorrectly. w [hippojorwill. [pig]eon. Half giraffe. mv nose r u n s a n d my feet smell. Dive. 3. Fat Bats and Other Mixed-Op Beasts Square bear. t." Hidden Beasts and Insects F[ox]. 2. Talkin' falcon. w[asp]." not "Abradacabra. 82 . Jolly polly. ". (bull]frog. Sick chick.

Safe on first. 17. 16. Right in the middle of everything. Hidden Proverb Start at the bottom corner on the left a n d then move counter-clockwise to spell "He who laughs last is the slowest. 8." The Puzzling Grocer 1. 13. 12. No stone is left u n t u r n e d . Six of one and half a dozen of another. C a n t a l o u p e 3. wing. T h e answer is CAMEL. 10. Cottage Cheese The Hidden Names Hold the page to a mirror! 83 . The Mysterious License T u r n the p a g e upside down! Wilbur's Word Snowing. 6. 7. sowing. 14. Tomatoes 4. Far away from home. A crooked lawyer. Dark circles u n d e r the eyes. 11. and t u r n i n g the U square on the side makes it a C. Peas 2. 15. T h e Lone Ranger. Take one before every meal. Ring a r o u n d Rosie. T h e worm t u r n e d . 9. Rice 5. owing. win. Mixed-up kid.5. in. A small m i s u n d e r s t a n d i n g between friends. I. Cookies 6. A broken engagement. Shifty Letters T u r n i n g the W square upside down makes it an M. 18.

K MONKEYS. elec t r i c l a m p . Jane's Patchwork Quilt T h e following girls' names can be spelled: Ann. horse. 2. T h e knight's sword is straight. Dinah. Lena. hog. p i c t u r e o f Lincoln. box of c l e a n s i n g tissues. It's the second car from the top. and is parked bv a meter. lion. A Sheer Mistake The scissors c annot close! 84 .What's Wrong with These Pictures? 1. T h e acrobats' shadows are not in the correct position. Minnie." What Letter? Rotate the p a g e 90° clockwise. Find Charley's Car Charley's car is the one that has no o p e n door. Diane. The Careless Sign Painter T h e sign should read "AG1I. and you'll see a capital E. pig. Diana. t e l e p h o n e . d o g . no passenger inside. Jennie. The Alphabet Zoo Cat. Maud. a i r p l a n e . Find the Missing Thief T h e thief is standing at. Lulu. no o p e n window. T h e TV set is not plugged in. H a n n a h . A n n a . p i c t u r e of t h e S t a t u e of Liberty. The r o p e is b e h i n d the cowboy's h a n d . c o m p u t e r . p a c k a g e of p o t a t o chips. Napoleon at Home T V set. Mae. but his scabbard is curved. tiger. E d n a . jane. 3. cow. 4. Nan. car. bat. and Judy.intersection N u m b e r 9. Nanc y. Mary.

She finished the story in 70 minutes.Open-and-Shut Case Slats slant opposite ways on opposite sides of a shutter. so he couldn't have had a b e d r o o m on the second floor. Green removed one lug from each of the other three tires and used them to attach the spare. Find the Missing Word T h e sea animal is OYSTER. Two Customers T h e m a n said to the clerk. 85 . the slats slant the same way on both sides. Uncross your a r m s and it will tie a knot in the cord. T h r e e lugs will hold a tire firmly e n o u g h for a short drive. Ripping Good Puzzle Four. which is ten minutes less than Willie's 80 minutes. "I want to buy a pair of scissors. Pages 53 and 54 are two sides of the same sheet. A Knotty Problem Cross your a r m s before you seize the ends of the string. Donald Gets His Roller Blades Donald lived in a one-story house. The Stolen Lugs Mr." The Pistol Duel Alphonse a n d Gaston did not duel each other. Name the Product T h e customer is buying house numbers. In this picture. Who Reads Faster? Willie's sister is the faster reader.

4. the four directions in which the arrows are pointing. Then you'll be able to beat your f r i e n d s every t i m e you play. Keep this secret all to yourself. A bird in the h a n d is worth two in the bush. 7. 86 . A Burglary W h e n a window is broken f r o m the outside by a thief. he'll never catch the thief. Faint h e a r t ne'er won fair lady. A new b r o o m sweeps clean. the streets form a t r i a n g u l a r block. But if the cop doesn't go a r o u n d the triangle first. KANGAROO. East. Once this is done. Name the Word T h e word is NEWS. We Predict! You wrote down: D E N M A R K . Too m a n y cooks spoil the b r o t h . 6. In o r d e r to catch the thief. E L E P H A N T .Cops and Robbers In the u p p e r r i g h t . Elvira's Jeans She p u t the j e a n s on backwards. the cop must first move all the way around this t r i a n g u l a r block. Never count your chickens before they hatch. GREY. and ORANGE. Look before you leap. the glass is all over the inside of the room. A rolling stone gathers no moss. T h i s enables the cop to catch the robber. he will find it simple to t r a p the r o b b e r in one of the t h r e e s q u a r e corners. West and South. Professor Egghead's PROVERBS 1. 5. 3.h a n d corner of the picture. the initial letters of North. 8. All's fair in love and war. 2.

Pat. because it wasn't his dog. Her brother has g r a d u a t e d from Central High. An Odd Trip To solve the puzzle. Perkins' Pets Mrs. 7. 1. the Goalie Pat is a girl. Mrs. Dog Bites Man The f a r m e r told the t r u t h . Upside-Down Years The invertible years are 1961 and 1881. 9. The Three Paths Lost in the Woods Find your way out by moving from the star to 3. Perkins has one cat and one dog. all you have to do is be sure to pass through the city nearest the front wheel of the car. Dots and Squares T h e r e arc six different squares.The Amazing Computer T h e c o m p u t e r is a wooden pencil with an eraser. 87 .

T h e crescent is simply an e d g e of the moon illuminated by the sun. Pepper or Salt? It will shake salt into the soup. and one large one—11 in all. but no star is that close to us. Exploring the Moon T h e r e are no clouds on the moon. T h e rest of the round moon is still there.The Hindu Squares T h e r e are five small squares. five middle-sized squares. b u t there is neither a t m o s p h e r e nor water on the moon. Knots or Not? Ropes 1 a n d 2 will form knots when the ends are pulled. Lewis Carrolfls SQUARES 88 . To be inside the crescent. a star would have to be between the m o o i r a n d the e a r t h . The Startled Astronomer It is not possible for a star to be inside a crescent moon. only it is dark a n d you cannot see it against the dark sky. Th» Triangular Cat T h e cat is m a d e up of 20 triangles. The Puzzle* Inventor T h e d j o t t o m wheel can't t u r n at all! T h e three wheels joined like a triangle would lock and r e f u s e to rotate. Clouds are masses of water vapor floating in the atmosphere.

T h e customer's solid-color tie is striped in the mirror. 5. T h e customer's jacket on the clothes rack has sleeves of different lengths. but it is not reflected in the mirror. T h e wall calendar for April has 31 days.) 15. leaning against the wall. the knob and the hinges are on the same side. T h e customer has a moustache. 8. 19. "Wednesday" is spelled "Wendsdav. IB. 7. O n e lens of the customer's glasses is r o u n d a n d the other is square. but the m i n u t e hand is halfway between 3 and 4. 12. 20. T h e cane next to the umbrella comes to a s h a r p point at the lower end. The r a i n d r o p s are upside down. II. 9.Barbershop 1. T he b a r b e r chair has no h a n d l e for raising and lowering. I he clock's h o u r h a n d in the m i r r o r points straight up at 12. On the street door. T h e customer has dif ferent shoes on each foot. is an umbrella." (). 18. T h e customer is wearing glasses. T h e barber's ear is upside down. And its b u t t o n s a n d button holes are on the wrong side. 3. the back of the lady's h a n d b a g is missing. It could not be read from outside. 2. 21. but it doesn't. It has its h a n d l e on the wrong end. T h e image of the clock in the m i r r o r should have the n u m b e r s reversed. 17. T h e sign on the window saying "BILL'S BARBLR SHOP" is not reversed. 14. Kach of the barber's h a n d s has only t h r e e fingers and a thumb. 13. (Glasses are always removed d u r i n g a haircut. 10. On the floor. Outside the window. 89 . T h e blades of the scissors held by the b a r b e r can't close. I.

T h e cat seems s u s p e n d e d in midair. A d r o p . 8. 5. 18. T h e s h a d e on the l a m p is upside down. T h e d o g on the lawn has its feet in impossible positions. 7. T h e cat has an extra long tail. 17. T h e r e is no h a n d l e on the top p a r t of the door. is upside down. The weathervane arrow shows wind blowing in one direction. 14. while the smoke f r o m the chimney is blowing the o t h e r way. T h e d o g has no ears. 6. 90 . T h e handles on the casement windows are on the outside. T h e b i r d h o u s e on top of the pole is floating an inch above the pole. 13.House and Back Yard 1. It is not resting on any b r a n c h . 4. 16. T h e hose is not connected to the house's faucet. T h e man's shadow is not opposite the sun. 2. Water f r o m the hose is m a k i n g an impossible curve. T h e g u t t e r on the roof slants away from the spout. T h e chandelier is not attached to the ceiling. O n e of the flower pots has no d r a i n a g e hole in the bottom. T h e railing for the steps is too low. T h e bolt on the e d g e of the bottom p a r t of the d o o r not lined up with the d o o r k n o b . Living Room 1. T h e b o t t o m p a r t of the d o o r is too low to allow a person to enter. 9. 15. 19. 2. T h e r e is no other shadow in the picture. A bird cage h a n g i n g f r o m the ceiling has wires so far a p a r t the bird could fly out. d r i p p i n g from the faucet. 20. 3. T h e weathervane has East and West reversed. O n e of the steps to the back d o o r is too high. 11. 10. 21. T h e sprinkler watering can has no holes. 12. 3.

T h e pitcher on the table has its h a n d l e on the side. T h e top of the swivel stool is off-center from the post b e n e a t h it.off. 6. 17. but there are hinges on one side. 12. but the hinges are on top of the join. 19. 13. O n e side of the book the m a n is r e a d i n g is longer than the other. T h e heels on the woman's shoes are of dif ferent heights. T h e r e is a porthole on the wall showing the ocean outside. 10. 20. 9. O n e of the small repeating p a t t e r n s in the woman's chair is d i f f e r e n t f r o m the others. O n e of the clouds is going behind the sun. 7. T h e window shade is all the way up. 2. Landscape 1. Its pull is offcenter. not opposite the spout. 8. T h e window o p e n s by lifting up. The table has a folding leaf. 21. 15. 18. The book's title is on the wrong side. 5. 16. 11. A pencil is o v e r h a n g i n g the table so far that it would fall. T h e r e is an o p e n g a p in the woman's bead necklace. 14. T h e table by the chair is missing a back leg. but the trigger is backward. The word "mystery" on the book is misspelled. O n e of the pictures is h a n g i n g off-center in an impossible way. A crescent m o o n would be invisible in the sunlight. T h e chessboard is 6 X 8 squares instead of 8 x 8.4. Mounted on the wall is a musket g u n . 22. T h e p i a n o has no black keys. 91 . The picture of Whistler's M o t h e r over the fireplace shows her watching TV.

19. There are four minutes between 5 and 6. The m a n was a baseball plaver who stole bases. 18. 8. 22. 3. Roses a n d tulips are growing on one bush. The airplane has only one wing. 9. 5. 15. The truck driver was on foot. 5. T h e outline of the tree shows all r o u n d e d leaves. 16. 4. 10 is in Roman numerals. T h e rainbow in the distance is not opposite the sun. A swan in the lake has no reflection. 6. A r o w b o a t o n t h e e d g e o f t h e l a k e h a s two o a r l o c k s o n the same side 12. 2. The road sign is not connected to the post. 7. the h o u r h a n d doesn't point between numbers. 4. Figs can't fly. the other is rectangular. They were standing on opposite sides of a door. 14. T h e ends of the cresc ent moon never extend this far. H o u r s 7 a n d 8 are reversed. T h e turtle has three legs on one side. 6. 21. There are 6 minutes between 11 and 12.3. 5 is at an angle. 3. T h e tree has a h u g e hole in it. 7. It's only raining in one spot. T h e road has a wide c rack. 13. A full-size plane would have to be behind the c o l u m n of r a i n . 2. Birds in the air are upside down. 11. Crazy Timepiece 1. but the individual leaves are all p o i n t e d . With the minute h a n d at 12. The crescent is on the wrong side of the moon. 92 . 17. T h e snake on the road has legs. 10. T h e rabbit has only one ear. 3 is reversed. The cow has the horns of a bull. 20. T h e plane's position is impossible. How Comes 1. The blade of one oar is r o u n d .

7.4. 10. T h e d o g was not smart e n o u g h to unwind the chain. So he must be the sailor. T h e poodle walked on the other side. 15. 13. Name the Men Mr. This leavi Mr. 16. 96 upside down is still 96. He tossed the soccer ball straight up in the air. nor could he be the carpenter. who must be the carpenter. T h e m a n was a minister. The children were in an o r p h a n a g e school. The Colored Socks T h r e e socks. The o t h e r two r's in Robert Richardson are lower case. It was his spare tire that was flat. 93 . He isn't d e a d . T h e prizefighter was asleep in bed seven times. T h e dog followed h i m until the chain w r a p p e d a r o u n d the trunk enough times to keep the d o g away from the door. 11. 8. 5. The Fourth Child T h e child was n a m e d Mary. Slice the Pie The Clever Postman T h e p o s t m a n ran a r o u n d the tree in circles. because the c a r p e n t e r replied to his question. C a r p e n t e r can't be the carpenter or the sailor. 6. Cook couldn't be the cook. so he must be the cook. T h e lake was frozen. 14. 12. T h e s n o o p e r looked t h r o u g h a window. Mr. Survivors are not d e a d . 9. Sailor. Friday was the n a m e of the cowboy's horse.

To d e t e r m i n e its color. the other box h a d to be opened and. He is fourth from the left in the bottom row. If a coin shows heads each time on fifty flips. of course." Francis is always a boy's name. The Smiths' Family Tree Spelled with an "i. it contained a black marble. concealed the marble in his fist. a n d swallowed it. 94 . and his life was saved. The Mysterious Tracks T h e tracks were m a d e by a m a n with a p e g leg. it is surely a coin with heads on both sides. In this way. p o p p e d it into his mouth. pushing a wheelbarrow. Where's the Tiger? T h e tiger is behind Door D. Name the Relation T h e m a n is the father of the person in the p h o t o g r a p h — his d a u g h t e r ! Heads or Tails? H e a d s is most likely.The Clever Prisoner T h e prisoner o p e n e d a box. the prisoner did not openly accuse the king of f r a u d .

70 Dogs. 28 Carroll. 33 Familv tree. Pat. 71 Product. 34 M a r r y i n g . Wilbur's. 71 Socks.2 3 . the. 10. 62-63 How c o m e s . 80 Computer. 37 Astronomer. 50 Zoo. 40 Prisoner. a m a z i n g . 44 Kiss. 17 Years. 6 9 . 46 Grocer. 55 Trip. upside-down. 1 3 . 10-11 House a n d Back Yard. Lewis. faster. h i d d e n . 8 N u m b e r s . 7 0 . 16. 9. 71. 24. h i d d e n . 77 Feet. 26 Reader. fat. 32 Sign painter. f o u r t h . t r i a n g u l a r . 36 Patchwork quilt. spare. 24 95 .4 3 Quilt. 74 P r o v e r b . 53. 56 Barbershop. sillv. 75 S p a n k i n g . 76 Prizefighter. 35 Snooper. 29. 46 Pictures. pistol. 10-11 Napoleon at home. hidden. buying. 9 Burglary. 9 Inventions. wacky. 54. a l p h a b e t . puzzling. 71 Soccer ball. 37 Word. 49 Wizard. lost in the. 25. tying. vicious. 73 Duel. Charley's. 12 Pie. 6 S q u a r e s . flat. r h y m i n g . 51. 46 Cops a n d R o b b e r s game. secret. 79 Timepiece. II. 52 S t e a l i n g .5 8 Message. stolen. one way. 14-15 Word. Pepper or salt. Professor Egghead's. 66—67 Letter of a l p h a b e t . 71 Roller blades. 25 Living R o o m . Robert. 10-11 Beasts. 70 P o s t m a n . 8 Mistakes. 58 Animals. 70 Knot. mysterious. 73 Prediction. 6 Woods. 80 Richardson. 27 Tiger. missing. 25 Moon. 45 Burial. exploring the. 18 Proverbs. 20. 44 Word puzzles. 68 Coin. 7 S h u t t e r s . f l i p p i n g a. 70 S t r e e t . 74. 72 Piffle. 59-68 Monkeys. s t a r t l e d . h i d d e n . 57 Jeans. 2 2 . Professor. three. 70 Thief. 36 Relations.Index Alice in Wonderland.2 0 Word. Elvira's. 53 Names: and professions. m i s t a k e in. 75 Clock. 71 Pages. 64—65 Logic puzzles. 78 Triangles. 5 1 . 70 Spell. 29 Nose. 47 . 4 2 . Perkins'. 34 Tracks. 9. 30 Shoot-out. 57 Goalie.3 9 Cowboy.5 8 Scissors. 54.8 0 Lugs. 60-61 Bats. 19. 55 Child. 36. 54 Pets. 19 Hinky-Pinkies. 5 1 . 3 8 . 33 Professions a n d n a m e s . clever. 35 Science a n d m a t h puzzles. 71. biting. 68 Tire. n a m e the. Mrs.7 1 Insects. 48 Wordles. finding. o d d . missing. 55 L a n d s c a p e . 58 Cat. 57 Plane crash. 71 Math a n d science puzzles. 54. 8 Gear wheel puzzles. 25 S k a t i n g . 26 Paths. r i p p i n g out. 32. 71 Car.



They'll challenge your senses. Martin Gardner.^ T r i c k y teasers • Q u i r k y q u e s t i o n s Science s t u m p e r s • Logic puzzles Knotty problems • Wacky w o r l d l e s They're all here in this illustrated. find flaws. tickle your funny bone. and have a great time! . brain-boggling bonanza by famous puzzler and mathemagician. So put on your thinking cap and get ready to answer questions. solve mysteries. and sometimes baffle you.

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