Chapter 19 American Expansion Section 1 Review Immigration Numbers: Focusing on the second wave of immigration to the United

States the time frame is 1870 to 1900, regions include Northern & Western Europe, Southern & Eastern Europe, and Asia, Africa, & America. 1870: 300,000/75,000/5,000 1875: 400,000/75,000/7,000 1880: 100,000/75,000/10,000 1885: 500,000/120,000/50,000 1890: 320,000/150,000/55,000 1895: 160,000/175,000/60,000 1900: 100,000/300,000/65,000 Northern & Western Europe: Great Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, France, and Germany Southern & Eastern Europe: Poland, Austria-Hungary, Russia, the Baltic States, Romania, Bulgaria, European Turkey, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece Asia, Africa, & America: Asian Turkey, China, Japan, India, Canada, Caribbean, Latin America, and all of Africa Question for Discussion: Looking at the trend for immigration to the United States, what changes were occurring between the years and the regions entering politically and socially?

Urban and Rural Population: The social and cultural changes caused a surge in the
population of cities. Taking a look at the numbers explains why cities were not structurally prepared for the surge of people entering. 1870: 10 million 1880: 15 million 1890: 25 million 1900: 30 million Urban 30 million 35 million 40 million 45 million Rural

Question for Discussion: What are three reasons for the surge of populations to urban locations?

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