# Properties of Laplace Transform

The Laplace transform has a set of properties in parallel with that of the Fourier transform. The difference is that we need to pay special attention to the ROCs. In the following, we always assume

Linearity

( means set is a superset of .)

contains or equals to set

, i.e,.

is a subset of

, or

It is obvious that the ROC of the linear combination of the intersection of the their individual ROCs

and in which both

should be and

exist. But also note that in some cases when zero-pole cancellation occurs, the ROC of the linear combination could be larger than example below. Example: Let , as shown in the

then

i. (with no Time Scaling Note that the ROC is horizontally scaled by .We see that the ROC of the combination is larger than the intersection of the ROCs of the two individual terms. • Conjugation Proof: Convolution . which could be either positive ( and the ROC of ) or negative ( ) in which case both the signal its Laplace transform are horizontally flipped. • Time Shifting • Shifting in s-Domain Note that the ROC is shifted by effect to ROC) and horizontally by • .. it is shifted vertically by .e.

Example Assume then • Differentiation in Time Domain This can be proven by differentiating the inverse Laplace transform: In general. resulting ROC may be larger than Example: Given . multiplying by may cause pole-zero cancellation and therefore the .Note that the ROC of the convolution could be larger than the intersection of and . we have Again. similar to the linearity property. due to the possible pole-zero cancellation caused by the convolution.

we have: • Differentiation in s-Domain This can be proven by differentiating the Laplace transform: Repeat this process we get • Integration in Time Domain This can be proven by realizing that and therefore by convolution property we have .

is the intersection of the two individual ROCs .Also note that as the ROC of the ROC of is the right half plane . . except if pole-zero cancellation occurs (when with ) in which case the ROC is the entire s-pane.