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KIRAN KUMAR PATNAIK USBM, BHUBANESWAR

OB IS THAT BRANCH OF SOCIAL SCIENCE THAT ATTEMPTS TO BUILD THEORIES THAT CAN BE APPLIED TO PREDICTING, UNDERSTANDING, CONTROLING HUMAN BEHAVIOUR IN AN ORGANISATION.

SCOPE
OB is the study of human behavior at work in organizations. Accordingly to the scope of OB it includes the study of Individuals, Groups And Organization structure.

Organization are the association of Individuals. Individuals differ in many respects. These includes: Personality, Attitude, Perception, Learning and Motivation.

PERSONALITY
Personality is the combination of Inner and Outer Quality of a Human Being interacting with each other. Here OB helps the organization to Perceive the Employee Personality towards the Organization.

ATTITUDE
Attitude is a Action or Tendency to Behave Positively or Negatively towards a Certain Idea, Person or Situation. Here OB helps to Perceive how a Employee Develop and Change their Attitudes towards the Organization.

PERCEPTION
Perception is the process of receiving information and making sense of the world around us. OB helps in deciding which information to notice, how to categorize the information and how to interpret it within the framework of existing knowledge.

LEARNING
Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience. OB helps the Employee in Modification of their Behavior through Practice or Training.

MOTIVATION
It is an Internal energy which Energies a Person or Employee to complete his/her Activity. Here OB helps in Motivating the Ability to Change the Behavior of a Person or a Employee.

GROUP
An organization is a collection of people who work

together to achieve individual and organizational goals. A consciously coordinated social unit composed of two or more people that function on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals. Or in a simple Manner Group is a collection of Two or more Individuals to achieve a common goal.

GROUP INCLUDES
LEADERSHIP:
Leader is a person who influences the activities of his

or her subordinates. Leader is a person who takes initiatives, risks to achieve the overall organizational Goal.
POWER: Power is a Exercise of Authority with or without the

consent of others.

GROUP CONFLICTS: Any disagreements or misunderstandings between Two Person or Two Groups is known as Group Conflict. GROUP DYNAMICS: Individual behavior is influenced by the presence of others. Studies have found that individuals work harder and faster when others are present. And when more than 2 individuals are present they become a group. It means Improving the Relationship Between the Group Members.

Organizational structure refers that how the work of individuals and teams within an organization is coordinated.
It is a valuable tool in achieving coordination, as it specifies reporting relationships and describes how separate actions of individuals are linked together.

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE INCLUDES:


It Includes : Organizational culture, Organizational Change

And Organizational Development.

Organizational Culture: The Believe, Tradition, Rules, Custom that Employee Follow in the Organization is known as Organizational Culture. Organizational Change: It helps in changing the attitude of the employees to accept new technologies, ideas or concept. Organizational Development: It helps in developing people and Organization to achieve long term objectives.

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