FROM THE LIBRARY OF

REV. LOUIS FITZGERALD BENSON. D. D.
BEQUEATHED BY HIM TO
THE LIBRARY OF
PRINCETON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

SCO

Secti<

Cfec Jfuder Mortbtes'

f thar^.

THE

COMPLETE POEMS OF ROBERT SOUTHWELL,

ST.

PETER'S COMPLAINT.

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. MYRT.E, OR MTRTLE-WREATHS.
MELOFOLIA, OR APPLES IN LEAVES.

M.«ONLE.

POEMATA LATINA.

:

LONDON ROBSON AND SONS, PRINTERS, PANCRAS ROAD, N.W.

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GEORGE'S. BLACKBURN. AND ENLARGED WITH HITHERTO UNPRINTED AND INEDITED POEMS FROM MSS. LANCASHIRE.J. GROSART. LANCASHIRE. 1872. IN THE EDITED. V NOV 20 m 8E1A' ^Cmi / mn iuKer Mortbics' f ibranr. ST. THE COMPLETE POEMS ROBERT SOUTHWELL S. AT STONYHURST COLLEGE. . BY THE / REV. ALEXANDER B. 100 copies only. AND ORIGINAL ILLUSTRATIONS AND FACSIMILES QUARTO FORM. PRINTED FOR PRIVATE CIRCULATION. FOR THE FIRST TIME FULLY COLLECTED AND COLLATED WITH THE ORIGINAL AND EARLY EDITIONS AND MSS. WITH MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION AND NOTES.-^NAV of PR/iV.

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' TO WHICH. JA]\[ES MARTINEAU. M.^WEET SINGER . AND TO WHOM NOT ADMIRATION ONLY BUT LOVE DEDICATE ' IS FELT BY ALL OF US. OWE MUCH.' REMAINING VERY GRATEFULLY ALEXANDER B.A. AS AUTHOR OF ' ENDEAVOURS AFTER THE CHRISTIAN I LIFE. I THIS EDITION OF A . . IN COMMON WITH MULTITUDES. GROSART.THE REV.

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PAGE Dedication Preface . I. 1-55 II. (2 pp. II.. The Life The Writings XXXV Ixvi I. . volume. there are other three pages blank.. I place on the left figures 1 2.... On the seventh page (three leaves blank) begins the Letter to his Father (pp. = 72 or 73 pages. ok Myrtle-Wreaths... 15.. 33..... — verse on the Lady of the Howard family.. St. then comes the Preface. G. by abusing.. • 27. 43. 29). with five blank leaves. &c. Memorial-Introduction. 18-.. in order to show the sequence of the Poems in the Author's Stonyhurst MS. 44.. Pkter's Compl.. and the poems in succession as numbered. Scorne not the Leaste A Childe my Choyse Content and Ritche . Myut-k.. .'-3). in these Contents. . There is no title-page to it...62 64 65 66 68 70 72 . 57-112.. commencing ' Poets. and never has been.) Then. After the Latin and .. ..\int. 51. Tlie Poems Enghsh occupy 36 leaves and part of a page The Prose occupies 31^ pp. 33) the last page and half containing the Latin and English poems as printed by us (pp. Next three pages blank then the Triumphs ouer Death (pp. at Christ's Deatli .' &o. to the Reader. 4J>. Mary Magdalen's Blushe Mary Magdalen's Complaint Tymes goe by turnes Looke • 59 Home Fortune's Falsehoode 52.. CONTENTS. .... 3.

119 Ladle's Salutation 120 . . Life is 39. TAGE Delaye . in Heaven is . loS 107 New Prince. Love's Servile Lott 37. 19. Lewd Love From Losse 90 92 48. 13- if 114 116 117 The Conception of our Ladie Our Our Our Ladle's Nativitye . dye alive 84 85 86 88 What Joy At Home to live 41. but Losse . Losse in CONTENTS. 47. The Burning Babe 109 New Heaven. 75 78 81 46.. Egipt of Egipt . Dyer's 29. New Pompe New Warre III..E. Phancy turned . Love's Life 42. 16. S inner's Complainte 96 103 David's Peccavi Synne's heavy Loade .. . Josephe's Amazement 122 The Visitation 126 128 The Nativity of Chris'e The Circumcision The Epiphanye The Presentation The Flight Christe's into 130 . VUl 45.. no 1 Note . Love's 50. 134 13s Retome out Christe's Childhoode Christ's 136 137 138 Bloody Sweate Christe's Sleeping Frendes The Virgin Marv to Christ ou tiie Crosse 141 . Gardyne Greife Fortmie's Reach 94 to a 30. Ladj-e's Spousalls M. Life's Death. . 17. 18.EONi. I 40.

. 3G. 14. 149 150 153 Remorse Man Vpon 31. The Death of our Ladie The Assumption of our Lady Saint Thomas of Aquines Ilymne read on Corp . Festis Natalis Domini In Festum Pentecostes. 182 To the Christian Reader of ' Short Rvles of Good Life' 184 V. dye without Desert • 173 177 Of the Blessed Sacrament of the Aulter for a Laments Noble Lady . Dum . Saint Peter's 144 Mynde . 32. ... . the Image of Death A Vale of Teares .. 191 Prodigi Porcos pascentis ad Patrem Epistola of a Series of Elegies Fragment Jesus. 189-215. et 199 206 212 Marye Catherinam. 21 Maii 213 In Renovationem Votorum. Melo FOLIA. .CONTENTS. 171 35.M. IV.. Saint Peter's Afflicted 28.V. Virginem Ad Sanctam Marty rem 1580. Release. . to the Wound in Christ's Side .. . 155 158 162 16s 167 The Prodigall Chyld's Soule Wracke Man's Civill Warre Seeke Flowers of Heaven 38. orior . 142 143 • IS Christy Daye 26. I 24.. 169. POEMATA LaTINA. Poema Filii de Assumptione B. 214 214 216 Anno Dommi Additional Notes and Illustrations . IX PAGE 23. 34. OR Apples in Leaves. morior. 13.if . Decease.

after Leonardo da Vinci (See Preface.^ . .X CONTENTS. pages xxviii. ^4 (See Preface. in the illustrated Quarto only. P- 2 III.^. pages xxxii. Jesus Christ. . .) Fac'mff title-iMgu II. Illustrations I. and xxxii. page xiv.) Fac-similes from Stonyhurst Mss .-iii. . Fac-simUe of Title-page of 1596 edition (See Preface.

in the sequel — of both of which more. the Poet's friend. 1 the Poems of Southwell were wholly ' Father John Gerard.. His words are P. Southwellus. with — I had long wished worthily specific to reproduce this 'sweet Singer. which were furtively printed in his own house in London (1593-4).' and having fortunately come and a still more fortunate ^JimV of his own mss. ness of Vexed by the travesties on editing and mere carelessWalter earlier (1817) and Turnbull later (1856) in their so-called editions of the Poems of Fa- ther Southwell proofs. mansuetus etiam et amabilis . qui in modo juvaudi et lucraudi animos excelluit. I am at last enabled to do — each into possession of the original and early editions rarer and costlier than another — — — good hope' of grateful acceptance by competent students and lovers of our poetic Literature. S.PREFACE..J. I would now give account of previous editions. ' not without a vance of them.. totus iirudens et pius.. the very Reverend Father Furbrick. is our authority. As distinguished from some of his Prose Writings. in domo sua Londini prelum hahuit ad imprimendos : ' . in Stonyhurst College all of which were cordially and unreservedly placed at my service by the Rector. and thereafter show what we have tried to accomplish in adso.

Oliver iu the lihros suos. quoted by the very Reverend Dr. it is clear that he Our veals collation of the had himself intended their publication. (1595). Catholic Magazine for Septemher 1832. Cambridge : Saint Peters Complaint.' (ms. Autobiogi-aphy of Father Gerard. as our Notes show.rosTHUMous. Peter's Com- plaint and related pieces (1595 and in after-editions). from the Epistles to his 'louing cosen' and to the Reader prefixed to St. Certainly his small and difficult hand- writing offers an excuse for the original Editors. 1595- quos (luidem edidit egi-egios.) . IVii/i other Poancs. although. from the The following is the title-page of the first edition Capell copy preserved in Trinity College. London Imprinted by lohn Wolfe. and only missed but absolutely spoiled. Poems in the Stonyhurst mss. Printer's ornament. whereby epithets delicacies not dew are changed (so -to -say) into blotches of ink. there are most an- and misprints. and the meaning reversed. rethat originally and continuously they have suffered : from the ^Yant of the Author's own supervision noying misreadings bright as for over and over. as in rough handling of a moth's wing.

contained plaint and these shorter poems : . A Childe . Love's Gardyne Greife From Fortune's Reach The Nativity of Christe Christe's Childhoode. At London.' This volume. Peter's ComMary Magdalen's Blushe Mary Magdalen's Complaint at Christ's Death Tymes goe by Turns. so as to form sigs. PREFACE. . ' ' C and closing ' Darts of disdaine' &c.' * was for a precious gift John Busbie gave in Ma3onia3 there can be no question that in these relatively minor . named as. 46. the Publisher of ' St. and C^ (pp. 1595' same date. Love's servile Lott Life Life's is but Losse I dye Alive . for G. but in all probabiUty — really. Scorne not the Leaste. be it noted. contained those additional ever since printed under the title Poems It :' of ' Mseonia^. [ = James St. . Fortune's Falsehoode. (p. What Joy in . of which a beautiful copy Jesus College. and Ritche is .' to K^ be From Fortune's Reach and it may noted that the two leaves undated [1596] edition. 1595. my Choice.). which ' E and E-. Oxford. say they' &c. Love's Life At Home . Its title-page will be found at page 115. with relative Epistle by the Publisher (John Busbie) not. quarto. Content . Peter's Complaint and other is in Poems.. With the exceptions above noted. are omitted in that place and inserted after Come in. Looke Home. to live . C. 30 of 159 G edit. Following this volume speedily was the Mjeoniaj' ' of the same year. the 1595 and 1596 editions correspond page for page as far as p. Heaven Lewd Love Losse. —the last two coming in between Scorne not the Leaste and aChylde my Choyse. 11-14) of the beginning Euill president' &c. Printed by R. Death. This thin is identical with another of the I. . Roberts for Gabriel Cawood]. XIU — ending The collation is witli ' 38 leaves in forms — signatures A . Losse in Delaye .

the is ' ' noticed that this edition bears to be Newly augmented with other Poems. The next edition of the Poems is without date. Its title-page edition : given in fac-simile in our illustrated quarto It will be wording' of it at page 3. deepest. But inasmuch porary books. this edition agrees in its contents with that of 1G15 My accomplished . friend Deputy-Inspector-General son has favoured that he was a me with full Dr. specially that ' bluff King Hal. to 1596 (early). lation is 42 leaves : and throughout. New Prince. new Pompe.Xiv PREFACE. Issued in 1595. after careful thought. at his poems we have Southwell and best. as meaning of the monogram in shown but our fac-simile. Brinsley Nicholnotes on William Leake it the Publisher of this undated edition.' and early incidents of to other the Keformation. as = RoiiEKT Southavell with L.changing Bookseller from about 1594-5 (at latest) onward for a decade (at least). whereby appears somewhat humble and often. : A Phancy turned . He has also called my attention to the head-pieces and tail-pieces ornamenting the volume. It has the look of a combination of R. (4to). The col. to a Sinner's Complainte David's Peccavi Synne's heavy Loade. but I assign it. are (seemingly) introduced into them.' These augmentations were not 'Mfewhich is not included in it even to the extent of oniee' — a single poem —but the following . Josephe's Amazement. . = Leake . S. as these it were common contem- is scarcely worth while recording the save that I invite critical readers to solve the in the title-page. The Burning Babe New Heaven. new Warre. details. tenderest. these two volumes must have been read by those whose eyes were yet wet from weeping over their Author's tragic end.

You will remember Southwell has prefixed these names to one of the F. S. .' a bibliographic curiosity I give on the next page the title-page (which is within a border) of an early As Scottish edition. Ne qvid brary-sales ' nimis' and ' Love and lyve. From ^ its incompleteness Calthat is. has kindly and he conjectures that its forwarded me this. R.^ as a cross. is pre- vious to the edition of 159-5: but this • most improbable.. Hannah favoured me with the use of his copy (formerly Park's) of 1599 edit. and suggests it as the explanation. DECOTT supposed it to be the first' edition. although as books they fetch extravagant prices in their few and far between' occurrence in Li' and Book-catalogues. Haigh of Erdington Catholic Church. Sole thus writes me Marte could not be made out of the mouogi-am. S. in the cu'cle of Archaeologists. Jesus Marye. David Laing. date was probably 1597 or 1598. showed me that it could be done. Dr. be = II. well known Elegies.D. The monogi-am would thus read : ' . and because there are certain misprints in it that are partially corrected in the edition of 1597 as also in those of 1599 and 1G02. unless the final X.' . it is I assign Leake's in a edition to 1596. LL. as they are identical in their contents and of no special worth or aixthority. which at first I thought might indi- cate the Poet's age at death (32-3) scarcely yield this. Li the centre of its woodcut title-page is an ^sculapian device. the numerals below. Esq. because so marked contem- porary hand in my copy and in another reported to me. with the mottoes Nosce teipsum. Notice the lengthening of the upright line of the E in the monogi-am on the left of the page this may be the I of lesus which otherwise can be formed without much stretch. which editions I merely name.PREFACE. As I pass this through the press. my excellent friend the I was thinking whether Iesws Rev.

as shown in M'Crie's Life of Andrew Melville and Dr. bears the much later date 1G34. incompleteness is no evidence. at close of Saint Peter's Complaint. Printer's ornament. Moreover. a notable man. It would seem that Professor John Johnston of St. Irving's Lives of Scottish Writers' ' —had some oversight of this edition. may find place here. while ' 161G and 1G20 editions of London are exceedingly imperThe exemplar now described is that of the AngloThe memorandum Poetica. with only Content and Ritche' of Edinburgh. A Sonnet bearing Johnston's initials is oddly inserted at It page 30. Saint Peters Com- With other Poems. inasmuch as the St. Andrews fect. where it was priced 211.: — PREFACE. Peter's Complaint. the more so that it has never since been reprinted . in Chalmers' copy I suspect was simply a date of 1595 note that it was a reprint of the 1595 edition. Edinbvrgh Printed by Robert Walde-graue Printer to the Kings Majestie cum Privilegio Regis.

my sores redresse. I. and hage. already : — These are full collections is all the quarto editions known. our only i^leaye. pp. I run a restles race With wounding pangs my soule is sorelie pyn'd. I suspect to be an imagination at least I have failed to trace a copy anywhere.' 2 pp.Dedicatory worthy good cosen. Others less are in duodecimo. by TuRNBULL. who may this storme assuage ? O Lord of life. 19 leaves). [. In mourning moode.. our peace.' Reviue my soule . The collation is in all 28 leaves : sigs.. That liue I may with Thee in lasting blesse. Peter's = David's Peccavi and Rctnrne Home [ = Look . Peter's Complaint. Edmbiirgh. Epistle. To my The Avthovr ' St. : . dispaire my siune infernall wage. I : A Sinfull Soule to Christ. with Content and Ilitche named bears the imprint Edinbvrgh. : — ! PREFACE. Another Scottish edition ' of Saint Peter's Complaint. My gi-iefe it gi-owes. Peter's W. I faint. . I. The Epistles only are awanting. 1600 (4to). and follow the same order. 1-34. Printed by lohn Wreittoun. .. Anno Dom. who life of death hast wix)ught. my sinnes.?z'c. Peccaui Heavy Load]. hen/ Who by Thy death from death and hell vs brought. pica O blesful light. Maister to the Reader (izs). more or On the next page the title-page of the earliest smaller edition. Of heau'nlie loue the hrightsome beame. 2 pp. A to G : and the contents (except the addition of Johnston's sonnet) cor- respond with those of 1595. S. Sin's St. of which is: the collation Title-page. lowve iu dungeon deepe of mynd. St. 1634' (4to. and are combined with of the Prose Writings. That assigned to Robert Waldegrave. Sonnet I lurk. and death drawes on a pace What life can last except there come releace ? Feare threats. I fall most wofull is my cace Who can me helpe.

Then Mary Magdalen's No loy to Liue. Peters Complaint. By R. cheerfiill hart ? Let him of a [Doway] Permissu Superiorum. ^ S. but Loss]. Is Is Iw any among you sad 1 Let him pray. With sundry other selected. and 'Finis' once more immediately). pp. and the Christian's on 158-170. 35-42 Then follows Sainte rprose]. St Mary Magdalen's Traunce [ Fortunes Magdalen's Farewell [ = From Sainte Mary Heauen. St. pp. m. Mary 43-157. Saint Peter's Comfort [ is Saint Peter's Wish [ := Li e and Times go by turns]. pp.dc. ' Finis' being placed on the last. throughout of 1G20 is identical Reach] At Home in the last. last . = Lewd Love is LosseJ.xvi. 5. and deuout Poems. S. Christ's Natiuity. And Saint Mary Magdalens Fvnerall Teares. . of the Society of lesvs.XV 111 PREFACE. The edition with the preceding. Christ s Manna (of which more Childhood. 'Finis' Magdalen's Fvnerall Teares again being placed on the Blvsh. lac. = Scorn not the Least Homel. sing.

Bib. 10.' and then with high praise follows a quoStill later. Of The ' ' Christian's Manna' Turnbull thus speaks it This [edition 1620] has annexed to "The Christian's Manna. Park considers it "has no legitimate claim to be considered as his production. in his Handbook of Early English Literature' (1867). xxxvi. our Notes and Illustrations in the place. After all this. Mr." this point I On am neither able myself to form an opinion. 341 n.: PREFACE. as it had previously appeared with the same heading in 161G edition]. in recording the 1620 edition of London. Poet." a poem not in any other edition [a mistake. J. W. None of the other changes of headings in 1616 and 1620 . but in our Stonyhurst ms. which also contains the : ' Short Eules of Good Life.). has this note under the 1616 edition: 'This edition and the next contain the very doubtful piece entitled The Christian's Manna. though not reprinted by Mr.). as with Turnbull].) Later. seeing that the Of course this poem is not only in Add!. Payne Collier. It was printed unknowingly by Turnbull (pp. ms. there is no sufficient reason for doubting to be by Southwell. which was not included in the English and Scot- tation. I have been unable to find a copy of the edition' (Ritson. since. ' in his ' Bibliographical Account' serves (s. — (p. Mr.n.' All have been misled by the Anglo-Poetica. our Readers will be amused to learn that The ment ' Christian's Manna' is only ' Of the blessed Sacraas pointed out in of the Aulter' under a new title. But Mr. nor give others an opportunity for doing so. establishes its genuineness. 157-160). but which.422. ' tish editions.' obTo the present copy is added a poem called " The Christian's Manna" not found elsewhere [a mistake. Turnbull. in spite of every effort. Carew Hazlitt.

Barrett the Publisher third earl dedicates this edition ' To the right Honorable Richard. I held it a kinde of sacrilege to de- . second earl. — The entertainment which may this worke in the seueral parts therof hath formerly found with men of exact iudgment. — have before been observed. There were enlarged editions That in 1G30 and 1634. it is be a sufficient testimony. Triumphs over Death and Short Rules of Good Life. that it not (now) offered vnto your Lordship for that stands in need of protection (the vsuall apologie of euery triuiall Painphletter). Earle of Dorset. beyond the knowne worth thereof: the onely reason of this present boldnesse. so now my selfe hauing first collected these dismembred parcels into one body. and my excuse for thus presuming to recommend being. printed by I.XX PREFACE. Author thereof had long since dedisome peeces of the whole to sundrie particular branches of that noble stocke and familie whereof your Lordship is (and long may you be a strong and flourishing arme !). and sonld by Robert Allott' (the same engraved title-page with the London edition of 1G20). The Epistle follows : ' My Lord. much lesse to emendicate any others suffrages. London. the additions being Prose — of 1030. and Marie Magdalen's Fvnerall Teares. Haviland. on which fair lady's' ' death our Worthy wrote his 'Triumphs of Death. only daughter of Thomas Howard. fourth duke of Norfolk.' He was also the patron-friend of Donne and Bishop Henry King. by his first wife Margaret.' who was the and second son of Robert Sackville. has all the Poems of 159(J and ' ' of Majonige' 1595. that as the it to your honorable hands. and published them cated in an entire edition.

And : But now by Death's none-sparing crueltie. The The gi-auest wits that most works ex^Dect. uile Esquire. nor gay nor great.' « which by the sunshine of were reanimated. fraud your noble XXI name of the right which you may so justly challenge thereunto. and he enis The to ' allusions in this Epistle-dedicatory are explained ' by the Verse-dedication of the the uile. ^l Barret. : Base cottages may harbour things of worth Then though this volume be. his unworthy foster-sire haue dar'd To make you Patronizer of this ward. who in the meane time at your Lordship's seruice. Edward SackCicily Sackuile and Anne Sackuile. You glorying issues of that glorious dame. Which under your protection I set forth Do not with coy disdainefull ouersight Deny to read this well meant orphan's since his father in his infancy Prouided patrons to protect his heire mite. Most lines do not the best conceit containe Few So words. well coucht. Is turnd an orphan to the open ayre I. The smallest sparke will cast a burning heat. . your fauour shall bee as it couraged to further endeuours. succeeding hopes of mother's fame.' This verse-dedication follows . Then as to use the fu-st is't may comprehend much is matter : counted vaine. the hopefull Master Robert Sack: issues of the honorable gentleman. Triumphs over Death' WorshipfuU M. not quantitie respect. gi-aue jn-aise-worthy to conceit the latter. I for your consolation print and send you it. Richard Sackuile.: : : : PREFACE. I dedicate this first of Southwel's quill He for your unkle's comfort first it writ. qualitie. Whose life is made the subiect of Death's will To you.

It is neither suggested nor supsition is of and the initials (S. But of course 1596 edition gives Such were the original and early editions of the Poems of Southwell and I have now to show that : they all prove faulty in their text when collated with the Author's own mss. F. S. ported.' gave a few an edition and which were reprinted by pieces from Southwell. at Stonyhurst College. W. obscure did lurke But now opposed to each Reader's view. the full signature of John Trussel in the Verses to him. the loving cosen' of the jecture. If I is might hazard a more ' likely con- = W. who of Ben Jonson's in 1783. but contradicted by the sense and style of the death is verses.) to denote S[outh] W[en]. your fauour : My pardon-craning pen implores any fault in print be past unseene. May yeeld commodious That fruit to every wight. W. Sad Shepherd. in an appendix to dedication to have been composed by self. So shall he thanke you and I by duty bound. To let it passe. in such case. the Printer is the crauer S.:: : PREFACE. TuRNBULL repeats this the wildest. Then daine in kindnesse to accept the worke. But If if in ought I haue presumptuous beene. Pray that in you may all good gifts abound.' supposed the above verse' ' Waldron. his 'loving cosen' had something to do with the edition. the S. G. Which he in kindnesse writ I send to you The which till now clouded. and added his initials reversed. that is. and in the third and fourth stanzas his distinctly named. Southwell him- W. feeles his conscience prickt by Parens spight. Headley in his Beauties. Taking Leake's . Epistle-dedicatory of the Poems of 1595. The suppowithout correction.

same poem. misreads ' throne' for 9. 'The payne that Jesus felt did 8. wives' and widowes' crowns.' And ' from a thorne nowe to a of Egipt' (st.' misreads ' set' for ' felt.' 10. misreads his' for 'her.' in ' Lauda Syon (st. I though undated) as a . line 2). (st. line 6). misreads Vntaught' for ' ' Untowched.' In thee their joy and soveraigne they agnize. lines 1-2). ' poem ii. line 2). ' ' Mary tast. misreads ' prince' for ' prime.' ' in 'The Circumcision' (st. line 5). misreads 'wiles' for 'veyles. they repine. misreads ' ' to in the 6. line G). all prayses farr exceed.' same (st.' in Our Ladye's Spousalls' (st.' in The Pro- .' in the same 4. XXIU basis.' ' 7.' in Christe's Keturn out thorne. With weeping eyes His mother reu'd His smart. line 5).' ' Untowched of man. Sal. Thus had she virgins'. yet mother of a sonne. misreads ' they' their. ' line 6). teares rann from her as fast.: PREFACE.' 5.' 11. misreads 'workes' for 'worthes. ' line 5). same such. ' Yet higher poures ' [ .' and again in line 4. ii. betroth'd to such a spouse.' betrothd too much' for blessed man. ' His worthes i.' in the line 5).powers] must (st. think though i. 'No heed of their deceivinge shiftes.' in ' ' ' ' 'Our Ladie's for ' Salutation' (st. misreads the' for she.' 3. mis- most' for ' must. i. iii.' in the iii. iii. submit these dozen examples of errors others are pointed out in our Notes and Illustrations 1. (st. floure He fledd.' ii. i. edition (1596.' (st. If hlood from Him. 'Unwonted workes with wonted veyles to hide. 'The jjrme use of this mystery.' in 'Scorne not the Leaste' reads 2.

' Or truce of halves the whole betraye. with the exception of the egregious one of throne' for 'thorne' (No.' misreads trust' for 'truce. i. line. 8). vi.' . Hne 3). The Addl. I turned to the British Museum Manuscripts (Addl. here are its specimens of 1. line 4.' St.422 is unquestionably blundering. Peter's Complaint. line 2).Mss. misreadings ' : St. Foes senses are to vertue's ' lore. Wracke' (st. 6921): but after a laborious collation. line 3). ' in penance wed' for for ' ' to penance. — — the superior : but taking St. superadds as many of his own.' Full fraught with teares' for ' ' full fraught with the teares' being caught from the preceding 2. grief. misreads 'lesses'for 'jesses:' and in the same (st. more. these. and. xii. line 2. ii. Our Notes and Illustrations will supply abundantly Turnbull corrects none of these misreadings. This being so.' I have selected these out of (Uterally) scores similar. St. the first edition (1595) has the same ' blunders. line 2. save the very few corrected for him in his text of 1634. mss. xii. v.' ' The world with jesses of delight. 3. and so the other early editions enumerated by us.Xxiv digall Chylde's Soule ' PREFACE. iii.' ' misreads ' and' for ' are:' and again (st. ' ' deceivinge.422 andHarleiannss. 10. It will be evident that none of the printed texts from 1595 to 1856 is to be regarded as accurate or authori- tative. as we shall see. because. misreads receiuing' for 12. while yielding by a happy chance better occasional readings and which are proved flagrantly confirmed by the Stonyhurst mss.' in Man's Civill Warre' (st. 10. 'now leasf now left. line 4).

The same result is obtained in collating the shorter poems. ' ah ! that ever I saw it' for ' ah that I ever saw 11. line 5. 12. ' With hellish dunge to fertill heavenly desires' for ^heaven's desires. xxiv. Ixviii. . ii. in 3.. i. ' St. ' My ' other were stones . the skrikes' for soone' for ' * scribes: sun. St.' 1.' 10. line 3. line 6). a sea of showi^es' for 'a sea of sours.' 7. line G). St. line C). it. in ' Lett thy farewell guide thy thought' for \foreioit: Losse in Delay' (st. cxvii. line 4. i. Ixxii. 5. ' Soule's wilfull fame. ' shop of share' for shop of slmme: It were endless to enumerate the dropping and misplacing of words and the uncouth orthography. synne's ' lost stealing face' for wilfull famine' * 9.' 13. xcvii. line G. 14. subtleties' for ' Sly. line 1. St. I ad- duce only half-a-dozen examples 1 ' Flye fortune's (st. line 2. xlvi.' unquanted hunger' for unac' quainted hunger. d .' Marie Magdalen's Blush' (st. oaths: St. St. St.' in What Joy to line' (st. G. Ixii.' in ' Fortune's Falsehood' line 2). for My 8. and sq/i!-stealing.' . line 5. xxii. ' God ' God. '>S'o?«e. xxxviii. xliii. ' ' 4. 4. St. xviii. ' Where pleasure's upshott is to denye accurst' for ' die accurst. ' ' 2. v. xiii. 1. : : ! PREFACE. line 4. line 1. 3. line 3. To iZame your babes' ' for Um- halm: 1 5.' St. ' You ' nectar'd amhrose' for all ' ambries St. St.dying mirth' for sooue-dying mirth. St.' 6. ' What ' trust to one' for ' in one.

conceivable sort. The principal ms. both yield some admirable tions of the printed edition. The in one hand. ' PREFACE. hyde thy light' to (' Death 6. i- thy worth. to the Stonyhurst mss. as our Notes correc- and llhistrations show. Peter's Complaint in full in it seems : make this doubtful. and which has long been missing there but the to presence of St.').XXVI . in addiswarm with mistakes of every tion to a punctuation that is chaos. must have been prepared is upon self- for the Author himself. ' of our Ladie. with the exception of one poem. which. Jesuits set much store. I Seeing that G921 (Harleian mss. in The line 5). Edto munds. the cover. and written very beautifully throughout viz. Oliver (as before) have been in the Catholic Church of Bury St. extent. of the Poems is a handsome volume. Prodigall Chylde's Soule Racke. It Manuscript that stated by Dr. inasmuch as while now and again . with gilt edges. of like and even faultier character. is wholly in autograph. Yet. Similar errors might be exhibited to almost any It was this ms. Such hyde tlie light' st. The badge of the Society of Jesus This ms. ' For sith ' no price can thy worth amount' for Presentation' (st.) is do not deem it ne- Both cessary to record the result of our collation of it. It is pleasant to turn from the printed texts and these MSS. Walter and cannot be required. for ' Sunne.' line 5). iii. though occurSouthwell's ring in the body of the volume. ment was inclined is to had formerly been in From its contents and arrangethink it must have been the same used. but it TuRNBULL consulted and the Heber I collection. one plainly upon which the It is daintily bound in vellum.

with the exception of the notice of It remarkable Latin poems. Most glittering gold yield. Again. her lielih to sicke she lends. in ' David's Peccavi' ' (st.. But as these. doth yield. herselfe to sicke she lends. may be well to give proof of the value and autho- ms.PREFACE. line 4). the Poet's handwriting Besides this Volume. I reserve farther them for our Memorial-Introduction. are in Prose. and from another autograph ms. fac-similes (in the illus- trated quarto) also show both the ms. petuates the nonsense. it we read in the Her youth to age.' . separate mss. notably the Latina Poemata. 1. I shall select instances rity of the Stonyhurst : enlargement that will at the same time serve ' to show Turnbull's i. ' Museum So mss. Our revealing care- reading and interest. but corrected So by the Author as the sense requires. Our waning space forbids but in Notes and Illustrations other examples will be found in plenty. in Southwell's own autograph. there are re- peated corrections in his ful own autograph.'' [=fetters].' stood in the ori- ginal text of the Stonyhurst ms. originally. but Southwell has Turnbull per- made it ' Her youth to age. which it is my privilege to print for the first time. XXvii correcting mistakes are left inadvertently. there are various and signature. 5). bull has lines * My garments in ' Once more.' giving meaning to what was nonsense. in lieu of glebe. ii. and a correction. reads My garments gyve-^ give. Turn(st.' These fragrant flowers do ' also the Stonyhurst ms. er- roneous readings. 3-4) reads in Turnbull. the Stony- hurst MS. Turning to the Visitation' early editions and British (st. Seeke Flowers of Heaven' ' v.

and that not satisfying. superior here and in many defect of Harleian ms. line 2). The radical changes and the study evinced reveal the Poet's own authority and care. Turnbull reads. Moreover. ' ' Effects attend. iii. Again.^ Finally. ' I die Alive' I dye.' Once more. Turnbull So ori- Thus still still I do remayne. revive' was adopted. With soothed words enthralled souls:' ' the Stonyhurst ms. hurst MS. iii.' First the word ' rehjve! was substituted finally .^ ginally in the Stonyhurst ms. corrects ' ' soothed' into ' soothing. Yet again. rhyme with the ' balanced with ' and which ends in alive.'' Southwell ' ' corrects by ' ayme.' Farther. it Turn:' bull reads haltingly.' Turn- bull reads. in Dyer's Phancy' reads. In the sunne of happiness :' the Stonyhurst ms. line 5. vi. corrects In the summed Farther. . line 1). in What Joy to live' (st.^ (st.XXVlll PREFACE. Here loan is lent the Stonyhurst ms. in Love's servile Lot' (st. corrects * line 2). vi. for Turnbull's ' luring gain. ' line 3). as in the Harleian ms.' Again. when we consider that the ' remayne' and the consequent and that the same care which has rendered the Stonyhurst ms. i. ' ' ' ' :' ' loue' for * loan . iv. yet (st.' and so in st. v. line 1). Poet fills-in ' Yet doth draw * from thee ' the in the Stonyhurst ms. has the word rhyme . 1.' the Stonyhurst ms. Turnbull misreads. in reads. in Content and Eitche' (st. Whose hope is falne. in Mary Magdalen's Complaint' (st. Turnbull ' Whose hope is ' salve . 1). xii. in Love's servile Lot' (st. line 3). or not desire the Stony- Effects aUeyn\l or not desired. . Turnbull reads. in the former there has But line been study to make the line of which which of all it is is the final word accord in it. she' before draw.

Introduction. oversights. Peter's Complaint given only in an abbreviated form. is Curiously enough. 47. Turnbull I may farther refer to pp. XXIX down to minute corrections of ortliography (and so in the Prose mss. and adopted an occasional correction of the Stonyhurst mp. The Stonyhurst jis.). 50. 53. 70. Our Notes and Illustrations throughout will furnish sorrowful examples of the utter carelessness of (in addition to the foregoing). For the text of St. confirms one's expectation that to his brethren he would have presented a copy of his poems worthy of him and of them the Stonyhurst ms. 4G. and so onwards ' ocZ nauseam. published by St. with relative Notes and Illustrations at the close. and includes all those in the British Museum mss. Peter's edit. 65. albeit ' Notes and Illustrations I have pointed out the vari- ous readings' of the early printed editions. similar cases. copies of a similar kind. and I have reports of various ms. 90. Walter and Turnbull. 81.^ I know not that the extension of the Its absence its value. (1817) in our Sec more ou the formatiou of Memorial. Complaint . 75. has been bestowed upon the whole work is not to speak of the fact that this Volume and always has been in the hands of the Society of which Southwell was a member. 71. as recorded in the preliminary Note to our reprint. if not absolute authority. Of Walter's St. Peter's Complaint I have selected Leake's edition of 1596. and that the beauty — of the MS. Poem has added to from the Stonyhurst ms. in full would seem to argue that it was a later poem than the others. 86. 55. is arranged as shown in our Contents. 48. must {meo judicio) be assigned the highest. Accordingly I have taken in it — own own for my text.PREFACE. 54.

I deplore the sad necessity laid on me thus to pronounce on one so laborious as Turnbull. so gi'eene is vertues in ill. text :' I refrain from criticism on Mr. seeing that they not only give us a . Mss. only his own is scarcely one whit better. and in places worse. In basing not sufficiently utter my edition on the Stonyhurst mss. : Walter we have this without a shred of authority even hand the balance held.. thus reads In euen-hand the ballance held. &c. and another. Walter's severe but not undeserved. and after stanza iv. while Walter gives only 15. Peters sinnes and ours were made the weightes Ounce. avowed text) st. for his Ounce we yeeld His ship would groane to feele some sinners frightes. for the missing fourth stanza the closing one and tacks on of the in. and 3 from Addl. Specifically his manipulation of the ad' dress of the 1595 edition If equities (his Author to the Reader' will be enough. Where : So ripe is vice.422. 10. twice one.: : : XXX suffice it to PREFACE. How S7nall hU share. ii. and so throughout. that in the complete first Poems (apart from our additions for the all time) there are in 57. and other five. omitting the others therein ' Then A Fancy turned to a Sinner's Complaint. bud : The world doth waxe In but waine in good. I canmy sense of indebtedness to the custodiers of them. cojupafd to what we yield! His ship would gi-oan. Our finest Literature would get corrupted. if such editing were not exposed and censured. and again other three. If Justice' He gives only three out of the four stanzas of this poem. say generally. for his Dramme Pound. first address to the Reader. Where Peter's sins and ours were made the weights.' no fewer than eight verses are omitted. ' Turnbull said con- temptuously.

and.' and perhaps it hee' for he.' too' for to. NicuoLSON for putting us in the track of the Shake' speare allusions noted in our Memorial. and as in Marvell. &c. XXxi superior and authoritative text. As in Vaughan and Crashaw.' as in present usage. Bir- mingham.Introduction. and in rereading our proofs with the mss. no toil. and here I wish most heartily to thank Deputy. The Notes and Il- lustrations at close of each poem discuss various read- ings.' The Shakesperean Reader will thank Dr.PREFACE. I for Worthies have to thank my helpers on the otlier continued and increasing interest in my . J^or must I omit very cordially and gratefully to acknowledge the loving and careful helpfulness of the Rev. To err is human. Mary's College. As before. S.Inspector-General Dr.' and the like. of St. rare insight. Oscott.' so that I cannot hope to have presented an immaculate edi' tion . punctuation.' and capitals in divine ' ' ' ' ' thee' for ' the. have adopted our Tho?/' instead of Thow. Sole. I have also thought expedient to introduce the apostrophe and the usual names and personifications (nouns and pronouns). as explained in relative Notes. has been spared to try to make ' may duce be as well to state. but the hitherto unprinted Latin Poems. Brinsley Nicholson for his varied and luminous com- munications in elucidation and illustration of the text. &c. literally ' worthy of the Poet. in collating and recollating the text. Donne and Sidney forthcoming. obscurities. It that I may have failed to reproit an occasional ' u' for ' v' and ' v' for ' u. only one of many like services. and most generous willinghood to aid us in our labour of love. but I can in all honesty say no pains.. my editions owe much and will owe more to his affluent reading.

that Last Supper. and also to Dr. To the of St. preare brought maturely blanched. while seated before the original. tearlessly down in fathomless sorrow and shame under the coming Betrayal (how large-orbed if the lids were raised!) the quivering lips as the awful words are spoken. books..g. burningly. with incomparable superiority in our ' fac- simile — all the more that the pathetic marks of Time's I effacing fingers' are inevitably given. pressed The sorrow-laden eyes. though abundant hair.' the / say unto you. I am indebted for the use of the extremely rare Peter's Complaint and other 1595 edi- tions Poems and Majonia. hds heavily. emphatically never have seen even an approach to faithfulness in the face of The Lord.' after days and days' study of the very best engravings {e. 'Verily . brow no nimbus there. and to the same . Milan. and not needed. Hannah of scarce editions and some annotations and tion to present a photo-facsimile In our illustrated quarto edition I have the satisfacby Pouncey of Dorchester of the Christ of Leonardo da Vinci's renowned fresco in the convent Maria delle Grazie. that one of you shall betray Me wasted cheek. I must regard our under photograph eyes in — specially taken for me and my own Milan — as an infinite advance on the engravings.. PREFACE. I never have seen a faithful reproduction of it. . Morghen's) of this mighty picture. broad-shadowed. have seen many . as I think. — — out. any more than is a crown needed to mark out the true king the thin. the ineffable sweetness of the mouth and dimpled chin the magnificent dome of . at Stonyhurst College for use of other early editions Brighton. of ' The It may be permitted me to state. Oxford. for suggestions. authorities of Jesus College.

III. from Hypercritica (Oxon. As an ilhistration of Southwell's poems.5 B.V. 1872. The same of the title-page of the 1596 edition of St. satisfies that the poem and signature were written by the same hand and at the same time as the latter and larger portion. volume. Poema de Assumptione B. to be common privilege to be really the first worthily in integrity to present and adequately and as a Poet. most Besides the Christ. a complete form the other is his own signature. For other things I refer my Readers no to our MemoI feel it rial-Introduction and Notes and Illustrations. written freely as he naturally would write in signing his name. of Southwell's mss. With reference to the former. Southwell Alexander 1. Critic. written 'Never must be forgotten "St. an examination of the >is. I add here the judgment of Edmund Bolton.Christs by the great Masters. (2). One is a careful in measured hand. all so radiant with it is the light of His Face. Alban's Place. of New Oscott.' whom Warton before 1616): calls ' a sensible [old] on South- well's works. Peter's Com- and other Poems. Grosart. I furnish two Fac-similes. from the . Blackburn. but Leonardo da Vinci's conception abides unapproached and unapproachable. plaint It is in the same dark ink. from the Stonyhurst ms. of author's ms. from Stonyhurst — (1). Peter's e . February 27th. P. Lancashire. 1772. as already named.M. by Wort. suited to the writing of a poem . every one will agree fitting.S. St. Birmingham.

PREFACE.
Complaint," and those other serious Poems, said to be Father Southwell's the English whereof, as it is most
;

proper, so the sharpness and light of wit

is

very rare in

them.'

This quotation from Bolton was first used by Warton (H.E.P. iii. 230:" 1781), next by Headley

(1787, p. Ixv.), and next by
Lit.
(ii.

Park
copied

in a note to Cens.
it (p. xviii.)

78), whence

Walter

almost

in Park's

own

secured

it.

Willmot (i. 15 Sir Egerton Brydges has
words, and

note) has also
it in

his

new

edition of Philips (p.

219 note) and Ritson (Bibl. Poet. also quotes it in his Adv. to the reprint 342). Brydges and so the hackneyed words go of Triumphs of Death' from critic to critic. I hope our edition will lead some
'

to read for themselves.

Dr. Bliss,

in his edition of the

Athenm Oxoniemis

(s.n.), has corrected Wood's odd mis-assignation of South-

well's Poems to John Davies of Hereford.
too

We

owe

much

to

Wood to
G.

deal hardly with

him

for occasional

slips of this kind.

MEMORIAL-INTKODUCTION

I.

The

Life.
his

The

Life-story of

Southwell beyond
albeit
fills

Writings

is

a

on the earthly-side, venly-side, I do not doubt it
brief one

on the thither heamany a page of the

Great Biographer's
every beautiful

Book of remembrance' as does and meek life. And so in Eternity, and
' ' '

through Eternity's audience, there remaineth' compensation over-against the large and clamorous biographies' in

Time and
tion'

for contemporaries, of multitudes

'

great' only
'

in an unconsecrate use of the word.

Sibbes'

resurrecis

of saintly

'

memories, as well as of bodies,'

of the

and the demonstration that to be good, simply and quietly, is the most abiding greatness. We are far off from the Facts, and the Facts are few, of our Worthy's life but a fragrance sweeter than cere-cloth perfumes is
certainties,
;

So that, with blown to us across the centuries from it. all the dimness, we can discern that in him England
held one

who was

of her truest, purest, bravest, lovingest,

Christliest sons.

Collins records of the Southwells that the antient and honourable family,' whence all came, derived its name from the town of Southwell, in Nottinghamshire, where
'

he says, the

*

chief branch continued to reside until the

XXXVl
reign of

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Henry VI.'

The

first

ancestor, however, of the
in the
'

Norfolk house

— our Worthy's—found
for

Pedigrees

;

and I have wearied myself over well-nigh
alogies'

endless genein Essex,

—was John Southwell, of Felix Hall
Lewes
in

who was M.P.
VI.

Sussex in 28 and 29 Henry

ancestor to the

John was Southwells now represented by Viscount Southwell in Ireland. Robert Southwell, the
elder son, succeeded his father at Felix Hall.

He

had two sons, Robert and John.

In 1415,

according to Collins, he was

made

trustee to the

Dukk

OF Norfolk. and
heir,

He

married Isabella, daughter of John

Boys, Esq. of Norfolk, and had by her Richard, his son

who

in the
his

Act of Resumption (3 and 4 EdThis

ward IV.) had
Richard's
first

grant from the King saved.

Amy, daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Wychingham, of Wood-rising in Norfolk (by Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir John Falstolfe, a name to conjure with'). With her, he obtained the manor of Wood-rising, where quitting Felix Hall he
wife was
' '

fixed his residence,

seat

and

fine

and there his posterity had a noble park, which continued in the family for
There were two sons of
this

many
riage
;

generations.'

mar-

but Sir Robert, the elder, died without issue in

Francis Southwell, his brother, was Auditor Exchequer to Henry VIII. and by Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of William Tendring, Esq., had
1513.
of the
;

four sons

]

.

Sir Richard Southwell, his heir.
3.

2.

Sir Robert, Master of the Rolls.

Francis.

4.

Anmust
well-

thony.

For the descendants of the
History.

latter three I

refer those curious in such matters to

Blomefield's
to

known county

I limit myself, except in

one

memorable thing

to be after-noted,

Sir

Richard

;:

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

XXXVU

father.

SouTHWELi, and his line. He was our Poet's grandOf him Blomefield, under Wood Rysing, thus
*

recounts his 'honours:'
;

He

was a great favourite of

King Henry VIII. one of the visitors appointed by him of the monasteries in Norfolk on their suppression of the Privy- council to that King, Edward VI., and Queen Mary master of the ordnance and armory one and high-steward of of the executors to Henry VIII. In the reign of Farther the Duchy of Lancaster.'^ Queen Mary he made a remarkable speech (1554) in the House of Lords (sic) on that Queen's being with child,
;

;

;

:

'

about the and an act of Parliament thereon passed government of the realm, and the person of the child, in
;

case of that Queen's decease.'^

The county History also
in

enumerates about thirty manors
It also states,

Norfolk of which this

Sir Richard Southwell was lord in 37
*

Henuy VIII.

Great part of his inheritance, with this lordship (Wood-rising), came to his nephew, Thomas Southwell, son of Sir Robert Southwell by Margaret his wife, daughter and sole heir of Thomas Nevill,
fourth son of George,
pily this

Lord Abergavenny. '^

Unhap-

Sir Richard Southwell introduced not a few
(if I

bars sinister

may

venture to use heraldic phraseo-

logy) into the House.'*
'

During the

lifetime of his first

Blomefield, vol. x. pp. 276-7, eel. 1809. ^ Blomefield, as before. HoUiugshecl, p. 112-1. Blomefield refers, in his account of the illegitimate family of Sib Richard, to Su- Henry Spelman's History of Sacrilege, I may remark in passing (with all reverence) that it p. 270. was part of the humiliation' of The Lord to have in His human descent not gi'eat and holy ones merely, hut this record also
'
'

(St.

Salmon begat Booz Matthew i. 5).

of

Rachah

;

and Booz begat Ohed

of

Ruth'

XXXVl
reign of

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Henry VI.'

The

first

ancestor, however, of the
in the Pedigrees
'
;

Norfolk house

— our Worthy's —found
for

and I have wearied myself over well-nigh
alogies'

endless genein Essex,

—was John Southwell, of Felix Hall
Lewes
in

who was M.P.
VI.

Sussex in 28 and 29 Henry

He

had two sons, Robert and John.
in Ireland.

ancestor to the SouTH^YELLS

count Southwell

John was now represented by VisRobert Southwell, the
In 1415,
trustee to the

elder son, succeeded his father at Felix Hall.

according to Collins, he was

made

Duke

OF Norfolk.

He

married Isabella, daughter of John

Boys, Esq. of Norfolk, and had by her Richard, his son

and

heir, v^ho in the

Act of Resumption (3 and 4 EdThis

ward IV.) had
Richard's
first

his

grant from the King saved.

Amy, daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Wychingham, of Wood-rising in Norfolk (by Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir John Falstolfe, *a name to conjure with'). With her, he obtained the manor of Wood-rising, where quitting Felix Hall he
wife was
'

fixed his residence,

and there his posterity had a noble
There were two sons of
this

seat

and

fine

park, which continued in the family for

many
riage
;

generations.'

mar-

but Sir Robert, the elder, died without issue in

Francis Southwell, his brother, was Auditor Exchequer to Henry VIII. and by Dorothy, (laughter and co-heir of William Tendring, Esq., had
1513.
of the
;

four sons

].

Sir Richard Southwell, his heir.
3.

2.

Sir Robert, Master of the Rolls.

Francis.

4.

Anmust
well-

thony.

For the descendants
History.

of the latter three I

refer those curious in such matters to

Blomefield's
to

known county

I limit myself, except in

one

memorable thing

to be after-noted,

Sir Richard

:

;

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

XXXvii

father.

Southwell and his line. He was our Poet's grandOf him Blomkfield, under Wood Rysing, thus

recounts his 'honours:'
;

'He was

a great favourite of

King Heniiy VIII. one of the visitors appointed by him of the monasteries in Norfolk on their suppression of the Privy-council to that King, Edward VI., and Queen Mary master of the ordnance and armory one of the executors to Henry VIII. and high-steward of the Duchy of Lancaster.'^ Farther In the reign of Queen Mary he made a remarkable speech (1554) in the House of Lords (sic) on that Queen's being with child,
;

;

;

:

'

and an act of Parliament thereon passed
case of that Queen's decease.'^

;

about the
child, in

government of the realm, and the person of the

The county History

also

enumerates about thirty manors in J^^orfolk of which this Sir Richard Southwell was lord in 37 Henry VIII.
It also states,
'

Great part of his inheritance, with this

came to his nephew, Thomas Southwell, son of Sir Robert Southwell by Margaret his wife, daughter and sole heir of Thomas JSTevill, fourth son of George, Lord Abergavenny.'^ Unhappily this Sir Richard Southwell introduced not a few
bars sinister
(if I

lordship (Wood-rising),

may

venture to use heraldic phraseo-

logy) into the House.^
'

Diirmg the

lifetime of his first

*

Blomefield, vol. x. pp. 276-7, ed. 1809. ^ Blomefield, as before. Hollingshed, p. 112-1. Blomefield refers, in his account of the illegitimate family

of Sir Richard, to Sir Henry Spelman's History of Sacrilege, I may remark in passing (with all reverence) that it p. 270. was part of the humiliation' of The Lord to have in His human
'

descent not gi-eat and holy ones merely, but this record also Salmon begat Booz of Rachab and Booz begat Obed of Ruth'
' ;

(St.

Matthew

i.

5).

XXXVl
reign of

MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

Henry

VI.'

The

first

Norfolk house

— our Worthy's — found
for

ancestor, however, of the
in the Pedigrees
' ;

and I have wearied myself over well-nigh
alogies'

endless genein Essex,

—was John Southwell, of Felix Hall
Lewes
in

who was M.P.
VI.

Sussex in 28 and 29 Henry

ancestor to the

John was Southwells now represented by Viscount Southwell in Ireland. Robert Southwell, the
In 1415,
according to Collins, he was

He

had two sons, Robert and John.

elder son, succeeded his father at Felix Hall.

made

trustee to the

Dukk

OF Norfolk.

He

married Isabella, daughter of John

Boys, Esq. of Norfolk, and had by her Richard, his son

and

heir, vi^ho in the

Act of Resumption (3 and 4 EdThis

ward IV.) had
Richard's
first

his

grant from the King saved.

Amy, daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Wychingham, of Wood-rising in Norfolk (by Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir John Falstolfe, 'a name to conjure with'). With her, he obtained the manor of Wood -rising, where quitting Felix Hall he
wife was
'

fixed his residence,

seat

and

fine

and there his posterity had a noble park, which continued in the family for There were two sons of
this

many
riage
;

generations.'

mar-

but Sir Robert, the elder, died without issue in

Francis Southwell, his brother, was Auditor Exchequer to Henry VIII. and by Dorothy, (laughter and co-heir of William Tendring, Esq., had
1513.
of the
;

four sons

1.

Sir Richard Southwell, his heir.
3.

2.

Sir Robert, Master of the Rolls.

Francis.

4.

Anmust
well-

thony.

For the descendants of the
History.

latter three I

refer those curious in such matters to

Blomefield's
to

known county

I limit myself, except in

one

memorable thing

to be after-noted,

Sir

Richard

5). 276-7. : MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION..'^ Farther In the reign of Queen Mary he made a remarkable speech (1554) in the House of Lords (sic) on that Queen's being with child. Thomas Southwell. one of the visitors appointed by him of the monasteries in Norfolk on their suppression of the Privy-council to that King. and high-steward of the Duchy of Lancaster. ed. and the person of the child. Southwell and his line. came to his nephew. under Wood Rysing. 270. thus * recounts his 'honours:' . Great part of his inheritance. ]^forfolk of which this Sir Richard Southwell was lord in 37 ' Henry VIII. Edward VI. vol. to Sir Henry Spelman's History of Sacrilege. and Booz begat Obed of Ruth' (St. daughter and sole heir of Thomas !N"evill. . in case of that Queen's decease. pp. son of Sir Robert Southwell by Mar- garet his wife. p. with this lordship (Wood-rising). HoUingshed. fourth son of George. of Rachab . was part of the humiliation' of The Lord to have in His human descent not gi-eat and holy ones merely. He was a great favourite of King Henry VIII. XXXVll father. ^ Blomefield refers. He was our Poet's grandOf him Blomefikld. '^ UnhapRichard Southwell introduced not a few bars sinister (if I may venture to use heraldic phraseo- logy) into the House. 1124. : * and an act of Parliament thereon passed . hut this record also 2 ' ' Salmon begat Booz Blatthew i. and Queen Mary master of the ordnance and armory one of the executors to Henry VIII. ^ ' During the lifetime of his first Blomefield. I may remark in passing (with all reverence) that it p. in his account of the illegitimate family of Sir Richard. . about the government of the realm. pily this Sir Lord Abergavenny.. as before. .'^ The county History also enumerates about thirty manors in It also states. 1809. x. ' Blomefield. .

He was Father of our Southwell by Bridget. of Norfolk. 14. Elizabeth [1585-6]. our Poet. his first wife his second wife having been Margaret. before) appropriated rectory. county Hants. were granted about the 36th of Henry VIII. Faith's. daughter of Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome. was eldest son. 5. 2. Armor.XXXviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Mary. Parson of Ellingham. Robert Southwell was thus the third son of Richard Southwell. county Suffolk. —who eventually became ber of children. Richard Southwell. 4. 2d. Esq.' and its acquisition. by Mary. eldest son. of Danbury he had a numhis second wife — The Horsham St. (ms. Richard. of Horsham St. . whence descend the Southwells of Kinsale in Ireland. Richard. which estate. daughter of Sir Roger Copley of Roughway. who married Alice. Esq. who married Edward Banister of Idsworth. second 3. of Spixworth. wife. county Sussex (by Elizabeth. son. who was Hving there 27 first. Robert. and the rectory and advowson of Horsford. daughter Of the first marof John Styles. as inadvertently misprinted by Turnbull). daughter of Sir WiUiam Shelley). Thomas. He died a prisoner in the Fleet. and Edward Elrington (not Ebrington. lands. I do not think it necessary to record other issue after the second marriage. with the lordship. daughter of Thomas Darcy. Esq. of Wood-rising in Norfolk. county Norfolk. ' : ' to Sir Richard Southwell.) Other four daughters.186 Coll. Faith's. is thus described by Blomefield (as The site of this priory. Barons de Clifford. with which alone we are concerned there were riage — — — issue as follows : 1.

beth. i. But the family branches and twigs. G. ' ' In other lines there toric Sidney. in the older line. Sussex. for full notes from. and names William Lenthall. vol.A. I place below helps and au- rities. John Shelley. I Besides Blomefield. Dashwood. I d.A. M. Collins. > . . says W. co.^ to do so. of West Dereham. and h.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. and other Norfolk Harleian MS. among others. Speaker of the Long Parliament.) of poets.-i. it. Paston. held in 1588. daughter of Sir William Shelley. Esq. Clark. Edward Knt. published by the Norfolk ArchiT^ological Society. of John Michelgrove. eldest son one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas. settled at Worminghurst Park. the 'Visitation of Norfolk' (1563). our Readers served the occurrence of the genealogical details. H. in turn mother of our Worthy." ( Works. descends in his Memoir of J.. M. H. Esq. Burke and the usual authoam indebted to my never-faUing friend. that branch of the family which has achieveil some fleeting distinction in the way of a peerage and a second baronetcy (the first baronetcy. Sir William Shelley. P. co. F. and an eternal distinction iii giving birth to the " poet xxx. 1870. A short table shows this : = Elizabeth. marriages and intermarriages. XXXIX the it who sold it to Sir Henry Hob art. pp. hnks Myrtai' with the mightier the Poet of Mteoniai' and ' ' Percy Bysshe Shelley. second son of the chief of the House. genealogists (18G5).. of Michelgrove. continued and enlarged by the late Rev. dates fi-om 1611). noble and base.' judge. of the Southwell Family I must leave to be followed up — is like association with other his- by those wishful thorities. Norfolk. renowned and commonplace. 1178 is the basis. the Rev. Shelley. Howard. Shelley. Kent.S. J.A. and from whom. ROSSETTI. Newton. and his son Sm John inherited Turning back a moment. M.. It is will have ob- to Shelley in these be remembered for Eliza- name of .. and mother of Bridget Copley.

he was almost immediately This deliverance' was tenderly and graterecovered. xiv. TuRNBULL. ' From our correspondence with the Librarian of Douai we had hoped to find in the possession of H. and not in and Fuller copying him. by a vagabond woman or gipsy. as before. in what great peril of crimes. remembered in after years. Robert was born there. in what indubitable risk of a miserable death and eternal punishfully ' ' if I I ! ment I should have been Vto ' * Where he began but he was sent over learn letters' has not been told : very young' to Douai.). xiv. the Archbishop of Westminster (Dr. was.xl MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.^ ' — curiously repeated — that he was * in other Lives. however. as Pits earlier.' exclaims he. or just about the time that Mary Queen pathetically land. had remained with the vagrant ? how abject how in what destitute of the knowledge or reverence of God debasement of vice. . enable us After-dates. at Horsham St.'"' In his TuKNBULL states that the vagrant substituted for him her own child. so that no memorial exists of its scholars. there seems no reasonable doubt that Suffolk. Resident.' and confessed to have been jiromi^ted to the crime for the sake of gain' (p. — landed' from France ' of Scots — of whom he was destined in to sing her native Scot- A singular anecdote has been transmitted of him while an infant familiar to all stolen from his cradle viz. Manning) an early ms. roll of alumni belonging to the College but. as is What. quotes this p. in a coiu-teous answer to my appli' ' ' •^ .E. in the sequel. that will come out to fix his birth in 1560-1.' speedily missed by his nurse. Faith's at the period. as undoubtedly Richard Soutiiweli. stated. Inquiries there have resulted in the information that the French Revolution made havoc of the Books and Papers early * there. Being.

'-'^ He pursued his studies. p. • Mori. Prov. Soc. Life— is noticeable. Faith's-day he chose that day in honour of his native place. Cossey./ . and example quickened his pupil's desire to give himself to the same Order. xli 15th year he passed to Pauis. before he was 17. Husenbeth. informed me that he had uo such ms. Oliver's 'Collections towards illustrating the Biogi-aphy of the Scotch. his short The date of this It event— so central in vigil of St. for conscience' sake' made a sacrifice of ' care. ^ . Luke (17th October): and it is Luke was style).' and spent a con- cation. he had thought of is it long before received. .' ' Here his plaint. of a once famous Englishman. Jesu. ' See Dr. Horsham St. Hist. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. preferments on the accession of Elizabeth. English. Archdeacon of Essex. and references to Tanner and to Wood's A tliencB. totum still cor ' meum. in than comquo posita sunt ef- mea vita. Norwich. omnesque fectus. 80. H.5) p.. I j^pplied there^also but Dr. (Old Young he was plaint : ' as he was. mens amor.I am indebted to the very Reverend Dr. Father Thomas Darbyshire. who. Angl. rather Divulsum ab illo corpore. Ignatius. for the interesting suggestion. he was enrolled amongst the children' fervid zeal ' of St. was on the that as the vigil of St. Tate had to report that there was nothing of the kind there. The thing has not hitherto been pointed out but it seems to verify itself as well as confirm the birthplace. . and Irish members of the Society of Jesus:' (184. Faith's. where he came under the religiously and educationally. In 1578 at Rome. Suggesting that it might be preserved at Ushaw. pleasant to conclude also St.^ This Master' was among the earliest from England to 'join' the Society of Jesus and we cannot doubt that his perall his ' .E. 173.

tum in univers. neque ingenio. from the year of our Lord 1577 : ' to 1684' (1741. ahminus University. Angl. et qui per ardorem qnoerendi spem (Mori exiraia quiedam adipiscendi. cuiquam se studiorum. where he was. of the English College or Seminary in that From thence he went to Rome. as well sexes Secular as Regular.xlii MEMOUIAL-INTRODTJCTION. 8vo). Prov. in which he proved no and Verse. and there was received into the Society of Jesus 17th] years of age. and Philosophy and Divinity with gone thro' his course of made very great satisfaction of his Superiors.-c philosophic decretis propugnaudis aliorum studiis est etiam. cum post decursnm thcologife stadium. Jesu. neque vita cum virtute acta laus passus est esse inf eriorem. p. and of other Catholics of both Religious Acthat have suffered death in England on counts. Soc. desideriis juvenem. non sola Roma uobilitaretur.'^ still The name ' of I<iXATius Loyola was : ' a recent ' me- Ne videlicet ardeutem Sanctis learn this from More uondum parem. both in Prose which he has publish'd in print abundantly demonstrate. noviciate' at siderable portion of his ' Tournay in Bel- gium. as the elegant pieces. Et ingenii qnidem et industrial euituit. theofollows neque laude loKOsque audiendos.' Hist. proficient. utque tarn prfeclaris We excitaverat dotibus ornato. for He was sent over some time. neque industria. immoderatis Italia3 nestibus duo in uno corpora calores opprimerent. ^ Challoneu's ' The little Memoir in Bishop Memoirs of Missionary Priests. he was College of Rome. aut fructu. 177.) before). when he was but sixteen [in Having finish'd his noviceship. Prefect of the Studies in the English and took that opportunity of applying himself to the small study of his native language. : ' . The same data are found in More (as Romam Tornaco rursus vocatus ad pliilosophos. its climate being pronounced milder and more suited to his constitution. 324. thus summarises these years young to Doway. as 2 P.

stratagems. faith. recognise in in the fear of Loyola and disciples noble God and with a passion sprung of compassion. I cannot for a moment doubt in (j[uo juventus id praefectus iu Anglicano de urbe Seminario temporis copiosissima. . atque instructo duccbatur. 1556. zeal. or only at most five years before Southwell's birth). xliii mory' and power (he died on July 31st. so that it is no marvel our Worthy gave himself with a fine self-forgetfalness and consecration to that Work Founder of the Order wore out his was then in its first fresh love' and ' in which the great life.) .' (p. com- passion. are concerned. et splendore florentissima uon facile nisi ab omnibus doetriniB pncsidiis oinato . who.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. self-denial charged the very atmo- sphere with sympathy as with electricity.' I wish to hold up clear and high the indubitable fact that Loyola himself and (I believe) the ' great body of his followers at the period in which we. and hearts of true Englishmen of ' That Southwell and others contemporary had the gentle' descent. with not a shadow of thought or plotting' against Elizabeth. and that ' ' what they sought was religious' good for their country and countrymen. and his magnificent and truly apostolic example of burning love. were 'priests' seeking supremely to do spiritual duty spoils. and actual or imagined degeneracies into mere political interferences and plottings. 179. with political action (real or alleged) Protestant and I who does not men. et ingeniorum varietate. The Society unentangled pity the his force. and not to engage in treasons. went forth with the shigle object to ' intermeddle' not with later complications I win allegiance to the Lord Jesus Christ.

XV. There is no monopoly of martyrdoms. 30: quoted by Tuknuull (p. and Tanner furnishes many quotable bits: Nescio an quis alius unquampost sanctissimum Pae. Of this I am satisfied that the ' Blood-shedding' tragically and sorrowfully re' corded in Bishop Challoner's matter-full Memoirs' and Dodd's great Church History of England." inquit. oeternum anim^ ad socios Romam su£e exitium imprecans. patebit. ex his qua^ sua propria consignavit." Sed an non sublimes ejus de hoc ordine conceptus adajquarit. si unquam ab amore dilectissimje ' .g. and (in the in the face of their pathetic circumstances) brave words as 'on oath. confident that it was no righteous way to premakes me serve The Reformation to 'persecute' and slay cruelly and meanly those who held to the old Religion' in its old forms. Soc. Xaverius. clarissimo in Anglia gentis SouthweUiae natus sanguine. and difference does not necessarily involve a less desirable result.'^ ' manu TauucT. su« tui. religionis descisceret : " si oblitus.). si non superaret Robertus.' and Dr. The contest might have been more prolonged ' and the final issue different : but prolongation is not always delay or loss. . rentem ejus Ignatium. p. " fuero Societas Jesu. Oli* ver's ' Collections. .' and none the less that as a Protestant I must rejoice tliat The Eeformation in Eng- I have that faith in Truth that land was not undone. majorem de Societate Jesu sensum. oblivion! detur dextera mea.' wears as black a colour as any in FoxE. Jesu Martyr. .xliv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. quam Scripsit aliquando in sua RoBERTUs SouTHWELLUS. Our Worthy repeatedly gives utterance to his love for his Order. epistola S. majorem vocationis sure foverit sestimationem.

wherein his future martyrdom seems rather to have been anticipated. I discovered Father Henry Garnett. out. than merely referred to as a simple possibility.^ He had earnestly ' sought the 'perilous' commission. while on his ' way England. Oliver states (p. published only recently ' in the following very weighty and remarkable book The Condition of Catholics under James L Father Gerard's Narrative of the Gunpowder Plot. by the help of certain Catholics. 182-183. for these Letters. Even in the quaint old Latin these Epistolaj' pulsate and throb ' with emotion. by John Morris.2 Reader who can rise History' which con- We Life of get passing glimpses of our Southwell : in the Father John Gerard. Southwell was ordained Priest' in mer 8th of 1584.'2 Another letter from to Porto.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. xlv Thus Haming witli the very ' ' fire' of the dauntless tlie Founder. It is plain by the Letters in More that it was not until 158(. written on 5th July 1586. with his Life. as appears from a letter to the General dated 20th February 1585. Challoner (as before) inadvertently assigns the departure to 1584 (p. 1871. who was then Superior. Longmans). .' I know not that I can do better than at this point glean these notices. as Dr. 194). arrival in • Bp. ^ ^ TUKNDULL. (8vo. He left Eome May 1586. and being appointed to the Mission to sumEngon land. p. I do not envy the ' with dry eyes from Father More's tains them. proceeded to his native country. See pp. 324). Edited. the first belongs to 1588. So far as I can make and thus runs On my : ' London.. Priest of the Society of Jesus. breathes the yearning haste' of The Lord as He went up for the last time to Jerusalem. XVi.

xxiv. much excelled in that art. as did also Father Southwell. reason hopes were entertained of my safety. had been heard of me but yet for that very . Father Ouldcorne.'^ Again My companion. other- we should have been all made prisoners. about five o'clock.xlvi MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. had already ar- rived. confined at EngWisbech : (who. Directly cries after. p.-v. The good Supei'ior gave us excellent instructions as to the method of bel2)ing and gaining souls. and exceedingly winning!'^ Once more Next morning [after account of a meeting in Worcestershire]. Hav- Pji. I stayed some time with the Fathers. I heard a bustle at the house-door. so the Superior as nothing was rather anxious on my account. with drawn swords were trying to break down the door and force an entrance. But by time Father Southwell had heard the uproar. when Father Southwell was beginning tvho : * Mass. I heard for re- and oaths poured forth against the servant admittance. had he been at large. . It was with exceeding joy on both sides that we met at last. pious. fusing The fact was. xxv. • - Ibid. being at once pnalent. as they are called. ' . the only others of our Society then in land were Father Edmund Weston. or pursuivants. i^atlter ' Robert Soutlnvell. and the others and myself were at meditation. meek. had at once taken off his vestwise this ments and stripped the altar . so that there might be nothing found to betray the presence of a Priest. and we held frequent consultations as to our future proceedings. . and us two new-comers. and guessing what it meant. Besides him. . The faithful servant withstood them. would have been Superior). while we strove to seek out everything belonging to us. that four Priest- hunters.

. xlvii ing thus escaped the day's danger. xxiii.* — his nurse ' gipsy' with while the long. he found it necessary to speak of these matters. '^ He then adds ' : For many make sad blunders in at- tempting this. But he observes. Mori Hist. Soc. xxxix. which are the sole topics of their conversation. who was afterwards my He companion in many journeys. pp. intense. with Protestant gentlemen.-xl. as I day or so he quite abandoned all misspoke of hunting and falconry with all the details that none but a practised person could command. trust. xxiii. save into blasphemies faith. -iv. Father Southwell and I set off the next day together.'s when they talk obscenity or break out and abuse of the Saints or the Catholic These incidental Notices verify at once the hazard of the time for Priests in England and the ' spiritual' character of the ' other mention of work prosecuted by our Worthy. _ - Ibid.' ' One ' half-pathetic half-comic Incident is told of a gentleman' after a who ' suspected' the Father.'^ Farther: In the 'journeying' of the Priests there was perpetual danger of betrayal in their intercourse with the ' gentry. p. ' * Ibid. Jesu. frequently got me to instruct him in the technical terms of sport. wist- most eloquent and ' beautiful Letters to his Father Ibid. as Father Southvell. was wont to complain. pp.— MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. as we had come. p. and used to complain of his bad memory for such things for on many occasions when he fell in . Angl. Prov. . It is re' membered that he sought out' the woman who had rescued him in his infancy from the a view to her conversion ful. 172. Every him is in accord with this.

— jxlviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. at Kome for notices of English Catholics undoubtedly I and all who have to do with lying there utterly neglected? our early Literature long for daylight being introduced into the masses of correspondence buried in the great Libraries of Rome. ' and Brother remain as evidences of the for by him. the noblest victim to the jealous and suspicious tyranny During his Mission in ' fuge' and home in London in the * of Elizabeth. But after a few months. as his epitaph still testifies. See on this Letter ' in tlie troduction. nor the painstaking and thoroughness of the editing. was imprisoned in the Tower and died there. p. when the Confessor of the Countess of Arundel died. resi- dent in then suburban Hackney. non sine veneni suspicione. We may not agi'ee in some of the verdicts. It is permanent historic worth of this Work. If the phrase ' of that in Facts —not merely France called Reign of Terror' is historically used Red.' an examination of the ' as told by Lingard.i one thing' cared England he had always a rehouse of Anne. . (Jountess of Arundel. Philip Howard. Earl of Arundel. whose husband. must see things differently o' times hut none will deny the weight and value of the hook as a contribiition to the ecclesiastico-historico literature of England. .' as before. Might I suggest to Father Mokkis to explore inipossihle to over-rate the : the Mss. It was while in this noble ' Family that he com- posed for the Earl's use his Consolation for Catholics' —of which more hereafter.Morris's Condition of Catholics. but as being in our day revealed in the Calendars of the Period and in such a book as Morris's ' ' Condition of the Catholics' second part of this Memorial-InIvii.'- He outset to William third Lord and his companion had gone in the Vaux of Harrowden. Southwell was appointed her domestic chaplain and confessor.

Granted that politically and civilly the Nation was in a sense in the throes of since-achieved liberties. if you will. acted as darkness does with sounds the most innocent. earned her irrevocable epi- thet of ' Bloody. in the teeth of their instructions. as well as a sorrow to all right-minded and right-hearted. error. testantism claims in its Granted nearly all that Proit Apology ' as a Defence. and that the shadow of the coming of The Armada lay across England from the very moment of his arrival. and that the headsmaii's axe and hangman's rope of. not ' to say mystery. ' White' It ' Reign of Terror' it in England : Ca- was a CRIME to be a Catholic : it was proof ' of high-treason to be a Priest was to invite hunt- ing' as of a wild-beast to be a Jesuit. even tremendously. must be regarded as a stigma on the statesmanship and a stain on the Christianity of the Reformed' Church of England.' or. ' force.' Granted that the very mysticism.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. that the ' ' convictions' of those who ' could not in conscience or Elizabeth or James were not respected that opinion. Granted that. of the higher' sovereignty claimed for him who wore the tiara. . Granted that Mary all * ' too sadly. there were Priests and members of the Society of Jesus who deemed they did God service by plotting' for Restoration of the old Faith and Worship' after a worldly sort. xHx for shows a tholics.' was put down (or attempted to be put down) by change' at the bidding of Henry VIII. our Southwell's years ir)88 is Granted that in included. were the only instrumentalities thought try for the brutal and The State Trials remain to bring a blush to every lover of his coun' hard' mockery of a ' justice in the highest Courts of Law whenever Papist' was con9 cerned —as later with the Puritans and Nonconformists. .

they apprehended two priests.I MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. how for our Lord . with hard blows and lessln sickness than in health . how stripes. was so and nauseous. and wars. ' A little while ago. and. than re- tho' they are not sent ceived. have without 2. and they that are it. being unworthy. since our adversaries have look'd for of ours as are in chains. we know. they forced them to accomplish filthy . and some. Letters of our in Bp Challoner has translated two Persecutions Southwell from the 'History of the of Tarragona England. they are more concerned than for any tem- poral losses. . by the great goodness and of long continuance. We have oftener sent. ' The condition sameas usual. and the salvation of their souls. more especially of Catholic recusants here is the deplorable and full of fears and dangers. been lost. so them to eat. letters from your parts. their task. and The First Letter. Whose greater glory. suffered such cruel usages in the prison of who have What was given Bridewell. 3. difficulty. it ' As yet we are alive and well. of prisons. nor expect it to be liberty set not their hearts upon As many All. that the very sight of it was enough The labours to which they turn their stomachs. little in quantity. withal. Bishop follows as I avail myself of them here. to and no obho-ed them were continual and immoderate for. arm themselves to suffer any thing that mercy of God. hard soever it may be. rejoice. as can scarce be believ'd. as it shall please can come. : .' by Didacus Yepes. are at comforted in their prisons. 1. seems.

renew'd the vows of the Society. In the mean time. But come what pleaseth God. 1. with no small danger from which. sail in the midst of few have come to your hands. it seems. Some are there hung up. and their prison most filthy. with much comfort.). truly live in lacic miserke et This Purgatory we are in luto feeds (Psalm xxxix. they that are kept in that prison. these stormy waves. In fine.). as the royal prophet says. 1590. Aperuimus ora. but. according to our custom spending some days in exhortations and spiritual conferences. the two executioners of the Catholics.' The Second Letter. His glory may dwell I most humbly recommend myself to the in our Land. we hope we shall be able to bear all in Him : that strengthens us. January 16. It seems to me that I see the beginnings of a religious Ufe set on foot in England. 'We have written many letters. 4. holy sacrifices of your reverence and of all our friends.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. et attraximus spiritum. nevertheless. * it has pleased our Lord hitherto to de- We have altogether. in which Topliffe and Young. We . and Ixxxiv. 2. exercise all kinds of torments. we pray that they may be put to and that the Lord may confusion who work iniquity speak peace to His people (Psalm xxiv. in such manner that they can but just touch the ' ground with the tips of their toes. for whole days. looking for every hour. that. weak soever they were. Their beds were dirty straw. liver us. by the hands. of which we now sow the seeds with .

seeking to avoid Scylla. without being shipwreck'd. but. we were more afraid into different places : than hurt. that the Father of Lights may enlighten us.' in \i)'. had like to have fallen into Charybdis .)2. with consuming devotedn^ss and success. in this desert. Given March 8. with another of ours. that others hereafter may.' like These Letters are only two out of hundreds of the and I for one deplore that one so gentle and lovable as Father Southwell had his heart thus wrung. with joy. Bayles and of Mr. '/(tlse brethren. and confirm us with His principal Spirit. commend myself very much to your reverence's prayers.). carry in the sheaves to the heavenly granaries. have sung the canticles of the Lord in a we have suck'd honey from the rock. when his Mission was as in a moment ended by that old peril of St. 3. and oil from the hard stone. in fine. Ixiv. ' We strange land. I. %it in stillicidiis hujusmodi hetetur germmans (Ps. 4. 1590. Horner. We also look for the time (if we are not un- worthy of so great a glory) when our day (like that of In the mean while I rethe hired servant) shall come. and of the edification which the people received from their With such dews as these the Church is holy ends. But these our joys ended in sorrow. The circumstances are as ' ' . Paul. and sudden fears dispers'd us but. and are now late sailing in a safe harbour. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. . we passed betwixt them both. tears. by the mercy of God. water'd. ' In another of mine I gave an account of the martyrdoms of Mr. and.lii . But worse than fear' and haunting suspicion' inevitFor about six years our Worthy laboured ably came. for we all escaped.

with a band of his satellites. daughters. a Catholic from Turnbui. near Harrow-on. liii verified by the authorities alThere was resident at Uxendon [Woxindon]. or under the impression that she sought his spiritual assistance through motives of Southwell. to obtain some fortune. broke open the house. went at the appointed time. had in her early youth exhibited marks of .MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. having formed an intrigue with the keeper of the prison. surrounded the premises. arrested his Reverence. which made the harbouring of a priest treason. For. Accordingly she sent a messenger to to meet her on a certain day and hour at her father's house.l. an implacable persecutor and denouncer of the Catholics. and carried him off in open day. One of the Ann. either in ignorance of what had happened. therefore. with confiscation of the all offender's goods.the. as also of the place of concealment in her father's house and the mode of access. xxii. she subsequently married him. and along with it her virtue. whom [which?] Southwell and providing with rehgious his ordinary [ordinarily ?] was in the habit of visiting instruction when he exchanged close confinement for a purer atmosphere. In order. exposed to the gaze of the populace. her faith gradually departed. he conveyed the information to Top- CLiFFE. '1 ' Pp. follows. she resolved to take advantage of the act of 27 Elizabeth. family of the name of Bellamy. who. . urging him penitence. whither he. and by this step forfeited claim which she had by law or favour upon her father. the most vivid and unshakable piety but having been committed to the Gatehouse of Westminster. in Middlesex.-xxv. ' ready cited.Hill. In the mean while having apprised her husband of this.

Perhaps this account must be read awi gravo is salis in so far as Ann Bellamy concerned. with a penetration : we at day must acknowledge ' It may please your if Majesty to consider.. 1731). Poems of having been composed in (probably) the Tower. declared that death should have been preferable. '2 Carried by Topcliffe to Topcliffe's own dwelling. and subsequent to the putting him to the rack' and kindred ' atrocities that are not to be named. abominable Letter appears in STRvrE. he be rightly considered. 200.liv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. not an hour's release in the imprisonbear hitherto unrecognised traces ment . cruel. pp. Cf. I never did take so weiglity a man. 2 TuENBULL.'^ though for his Tanner and by More. that the unhappy prisoner ' complaining of to his judges. he was there during a few weeks tortured' ten times ' with such pitiless it severity. Let us turn to these undoubted reminiscences of his prison-experiences of the 1 Annals of the Church and xxvi. and the whole thing. iv. 193. : is More. as his this later own act.i also claimed ' Jqhn Danyell merit' in the same ' arrest. as before.Judas who had betrayed' him. given from the State-Paper Office 3 where a Letter from Danyell Domestic. p.' The whole faw^ning. . vol. 9 (edit.-vii. State. adding. folio. How he was agonised' is simply ' ' and affectingly told by ' Cecil admitted the * There must have been pauses thirteen times. in a Letter of the justly-named ' bloodhound' Topcliffe. Nor did the tortures' end when he was transferred to the Gatehouse and the Tower. Even torture' of him to have reached in the cruelty. he boasts of the seizure of Southwell. No. the former kept by the husband of the she. seeing that. p.

' we read. (iv. To lett me live. ' Sith my life from life is parted. more anger to provoke Thy right is had when thou hast stopt my breathe. 81-3) and I die alive' (p. First of all.' It a synonym for well. come take thy portion Who survives tohen life is murdred. wretchedly less known it to him that one rendered sense- through violence became conscious again on renewal of torture.' the sighing of the . Tower. Let the Reader at once turn to these unutterably tender and pathetic pieces. Lives by mere extortion. in will I and ' this complete stanza cruell death.^ (p. alas.' lines By force I live.' But deeper and more ' painfully realistic ' still are his but Losse' (pp. read them.) : Come. Iv in ' Mary Magdalen's Complaint at Christ's Death. 62. her sense of Ufe was only due to the Prisoner in the rackings and torments of her grief. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. or ra- racking' or ' tormenting and. and slowly. Thus was natural to as saying that in her surviving him to represent Mary when Christ her life had been murdered. and I doubt not with Life is mist of tears. why ! lingi-est thou so longe ? What doth withould thy dynte from f atall stroke ? Nowe prest I am. Death. alas thou dost me wi-onge. 184).: . but ' ' somewhat than a rhyme-word with The ' simile is extortion' is is more portion.) forced. it was ther. dolorous kind named. under the circumstances he did indeed couche ' his hfe in deathe's abode.' . the ' panting. : Why Similar shouldst thoue stay to worke my doohle deathe?' ' is the yearning. in the former ' Take meanwhile these wish to dye .

Silence of passion. and absolute confidence in the It argued too recognition so to address Elizabeth. . ' and filthy. Transferred to a dungeon in the Tower so noisome into them. obliuion of teares. not. as before. prisoner. in the highest quarters of the justice of the plea. Death's allye. he hoped her Majesty would be pleased to order that he if his son should be treated as a gentleman." 'i It argued conscious ' ij innocence politically. balme of angry sore. Surely. as he was a gentleman. the ' hunger . and not be confined any longer to that filthy hole. ' Peter's Complaint.: Ivi MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. by the laws.' (St.) Poems thus to It gives a new and strange interest to these experiences find these erewhile overlooked autobiographic worked Their bearing on the inevitableness of his poetic gift I shall speak of onwards.' for the benignant release of Death. too. p. Benumning sense of ill with quiet slumbers. 325. that ' Challoner. heart's ease. securitie of feares. ness from the recollection of his own prison-sleep. he thing for which. in I dye Alive and there are like touches in ' What joy to live' (pp. Wrath's lenitiue. storme's calmest shore. that when he was brought out at the end of cover'd the month to be examin'd. had committed anyhe had deserved death. might suffer death if not. dressed to him — humbly begging " That . 85-6). his cloaths were quite and one is grateful to know with vermin.' his Father— adthat he was worthy of his son and of the Letter 'presented a Petition to the Queen. Sense's and sonle's repriuall from all cumbers. Suspence of loues. cxxi.' that God hears. takes new softthe solace of Sleep's sweet forgetfulness in St.' thus ' Sleepe.

Bernard. to hinder their .' not civil or earthly. : ' Bannister). him with cloaths and other and amongst the rest. at ten was most cruelly rack'd. concourse on that occasion and a famous highwayman same time. Bishop Challoner the story of the ' tells unexaggeratedly and simply ' beginning of the end. '1 The selection of books. ' end. leave to his father to supply necessaries . and there put down into the hole call'd Limho .' deriving the Trial' the 'beginning of the end. Mr. . is very noteworthy and through all his weary imprisonment spiritual things. in another to divert the crowd from the sight of the last to be executed at the ' Challoner.' as follows: was kept in prison three years and.' and the from a ms. Omer's. Southwell a better lodging and to give . p. he ask'd for. I have now to submit these successively: first.' and ' the Trial. in Latin preserved in the Archives of the English College at St. having been condemn'd but the day before. Care was taken not to let the people know before-hand was ordered place. or others permitted occasionally to visit him. on account of his priesthood. a resolution was taken on a sudden in the Council to have ' . with the books which which were only the Holy Bible. and the works of St. from whence he was brought out to suffer. Some days before his execution he was removed from the Tower to Newgate. the 21st of February 1594-5. at length. the day he was to die. him executed. till. He several times. 325. ' Ivii the Queen was pleased to order and to have regard to this Petition. were his theme when he 'discoursed' to his sister Mary (Mrs.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. the Book of Books and the Father of the Fathers for a Poet.

or imagined any evil against ." Here he was interrupted by a minister telling him. : . flock'd to Tjburn to be witnesses of his glorious martyrdom. getting up into the cart. and to pass out of this miserable life and I beg of my Lord Jesus Christ.Iviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. whether we live or die. and Mr. his hands being pinion'd. that if he understood what he had said in the sense of the But the Council of Trent. and a reli- gious man of the Society of Jesus on which account I owe eternal thanks and praises to my God and Saviour. Catholic priest of the holy Roman . minister was silenc'd by the standers by. of our Lord Jesus And as to the Queen. and amongst them many persons of distinction. I confess I am a of the Cross in the best . I never attempted. or whether we die. manner that he could. I hope for salvation by the merits Christ. that Then he would utter nothing that should give offence. Southwell went on saying. xiv. Hither Mr. assuring him. and in whatever manner you may please to interpret my words. nor contrived. Southwell was drawn on a sled thro' the streets. and began to speak to the people those words of the Apostle (Rom. Church. it was damnable doctrine. he spoke as follows " I am come to this place to finish my course. and when he was come he made the sign to the place. great numbers. we die to the Lord: therefore. in whose most precious Passion and Blood I place my hope of salvation. we live to the Lord. but these precautions conflict of the servant of Christ : avail'd nothing. that He would have mercy on my soul. I beg of you not to be troublesome to me for this short time that I have to live : I am a Catholic. Whether we live. we belong to the Lord.). " Sir. Here the sheriff would have interrupted him but he begged leave that he might go on.

" off. and was some time which some perceiving. my poor mercy. hold !" for the behaviour last of the servant of God was so edifying in these his moments. and when the executioner was for cutting the rope. the almighty and everlasting God. . and the knowledge of His truth. so that he several times made the sign of the Cross whilst he was hanging. and. I beg of eternal glory of His divine majesty. hands. and looking for the to heaven. and for this short time of finite my life still pray. cart to be immediately drove away.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. in His divine wisdom. that. " Hold. to be most expedient for the welfare. I recommend. repeated. to the greater advancement of the salvation of souls. before he was dead. that this my death may ' be for my own and for my country's good. in His in- would be pleased to give her all such He sees. to the same mercy of God. &c. He gifts and graces which country. the gentlemen and people that were present cried out three several times. both of her soul and body. in like manner. and I implore the divine bounty to favour it with His hght. the cart was drawn The unskilful hangman had not apply'd the noose of the rope to the proper place. with his eyes rais'd up with great calmness of mind and countenance. drew before he was strangled . and the In fine. and the comfort of the Catholics my brethren. her but have always prayed for her to our Lord lix . " into Thy Lord. that even the Protestants who were present at the execution were much affected with the sight. with other short ejaculations. he again blessed himself. I till commend my spirit.. in this hfe and in the next. . in manus tuas." Having finished these words. those words of the Psalmist. him by the legs to put an end to his pain .

and quartered.' 1 It is added by Turnbull : ' Lord Mountjoy (Charles Blount. orders were quickly have his desire. where he was put down into the dungeon Limho. to hold up his call'd ' hand there he at the bar. was so struck by the martyr's constancy. The fill'd first news of before this step to- wards his martyrdom could not conceal. Omer's ms. that he exclaimed. After he was dead he was cut down. Now comes the St. As soon as Father Southwell was brought in. eighth Baron Mountjoy). that he should be removed from the Tower to Newgate. On the 2 2d of Febrnary. ' After Father Southwell had been kept close prisoner for three years in the Tower. humbly entreating his lordship. the Lord Chief JusJesuits tice made a long and vehement speech against the ' Challoncr.Ix MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. he should Shortly after this. to appear his heart with a joy which he was The judges whom were Lord Chief Justice Popham. that he might either be brought upon his trial. without any previous warnto prepare for his trial.-ii. to answer for himself. he was in so much haste to be hanged. pp. " while he was May my still soul be with this man's !" and he assisted in restraining those who would have : cut the rope in life' (pp. he sent an epistle to Cecil. and Sergeant Daniel. xxxi. who happened to be present. The Treasurer answered. and there kept for three days. or at least. Baron Evans. given. he was taken out of his dark ing lodging and hurried to Westminster. Justice Owen. 825-27. that his friends might have leave to that if come and see him. Lord Treasurer. .). bowelled.

and as a false traitor to our said lady the Queen. on the 20th day of June. and bowing down his head. and . in the first year of the reign in the of her Majesty. in the county of Middlesex. and contrary to the peace of our said lady the Queen. and slightmg the laws and statutes of this realm of England. and seminary priests. the Queen's solicitor. to wit. to this effect " Middlesex. made a low reverthen modestly held up his hand acence to his judges cording to custom. the thirty-fourth year of the reign of our lady the Queen. " The jury present on the part of our sovereign lady the Queen. late of London." The grand jury having found the bill. and being ask'd. whether he was guilty. made and ordained priest by authority derived and pretended from the See of Eome not having the fear of God before his eyes.: MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. was and remained. Father Southwell was ordered to come up to the bar: he readily obeyed. John Baptist. drawn up by Cook. or not guilty 1 he answered I confess that I was ' . at Uxenden. traiterously. indictment against Father Southwell. contrary to the form of the statute in such case set forth and provided. as the Ixi authors and contrivers of all the plots and treasons which he pretended had been Then was read the bill of hatched during that reign. her crown and dignities. since the Feast of St. clerk. thirty-second year of the reign of our lady the Queen aforesaid. . a subject to the Queen's majesty . and before the 1st day of May. : born in England. that Robert Southwell. born within this kingdom of England . without any regard to the penalty therein contained.

Southwell was an ' . be it as you will. at he refused. that they were all equally strangers to him. saying. alledging that the laws of . The jury being sworn. as it is well known : but that I never entertained any designs or plots against the Queen or kingdom. By God and by you. in Middlesex at that time . the revenger of perjury neither had any other design in returning home to my native country. or have any share in their But. which. When the twelve were to be sworn. said he. should guilt. I am ready to be judged by God and my country. ' Here the judge interrupted him. to such as desired them. his country were disagreeable to the law of God and that he was unwilling those poor harmless jury. if thro' any hand in it his death. The judge told him he was first. being sent for thither by trick and deceit. that I was at Uxenden . and therefore charity did not allow him to except against any one of them more than another. so. that by authority derived from God. I fell into your hands. that alone. he was not guilty of any treason whatsoever. your iniquity must be and I cannot help it. and plead directly guilty. By God and his country . And being asked by whom he would be tried ? he said. than to administer the sacraments. call God I to wit- ness.Ixii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Mr. I have been pro- moted to the sacred order of priesthood in the Roman Church for which I return most hearty thanks to His divine Majesty. when. men of the whom they obliged to represent the country. that Mr. and let all told him that he was to not guilty. to answer. or Upon which he said. he challenged none of them. Cook began to prove the heads of the indictment. I confess also. according to the rite of the Catholic Church. I .

confessing himself to be a worm his of the earth. and the work and creature of Christ Maker. returning him most judge hearty thanks. Englishman. refuted the calumny. The judge (Popham) exhorted him to provide He for the welfare of his soul whilst he had time. why sentHe said. brought him in guilty. Father Southwell made a very low bow. viz. priest since the time mentioned old he in the statute. thank'd him for this show of good-will . present. death. against the servant of Popham had loaded Topliffe and Lord Chief Justice him with reproaches and injuries. and as he thought fit.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Cook had declaim'd. ? The judge ask'd him how was He replied. by his own confession. took occasion from this ansTopliffe. . that he had long since provided for that. and young was a demonstration that he was made &c. after Mr. 33. The judge having pro- nounced sentence according to the usual form. as for an unspeakable favour. and a that his being so Ixiii priest. as long Christ. who was wer to charge him with insupportable pride. and was conscious to himself of his own innocence. In fine. if he had any thing more to say for himself. He was asked. short time after. ence should not be pronounced against him ? nothing but from my heart I beg of Almighty God to forgive all who have been any ways accessory to my . that he was about the same age as our Saviour. saying. in comBut Father Southwell paring himself to our Saviour. and. to which Father Southwell opposed a Christian constancy and modesty. a the jury went aside to consult about the verdict. Father Southwell desired he would not trouble him upon that the grace of God would be more than that head offered him . The the help of a minister to prepare him to die.

'i It is very pitiful to have the great name of Coke — for the ' Cook' of the Manuscript was he —thus intro- duced. in his whole countenance. him. 330-34. and on the next morning drawn from Newgate to Tyburn. . at his return to Newgate. a Jesuit. was arraigned at the King's-Bench bar. thro' the streets. and. . is mentioned by Mr. to enjoy for ever the he was called out to The next morning early. "February 20 (1594-5). the Christ-linked remembrance of his age could not but be uttered. being sent back to Newgate. where he spent the following night. that long time had lain prisoner in the Tower of London. and in every gesture and motion of his body. the last of his in prayer. sufficient for And so. He was life. pp. thro' the gate of martyrdom. the overflowing joy of his heart. Southwell. he discovered. says the historian. and there ' Mr. 1 Challoner. To me it is an in- touching and unconscious revelation of filled how his whole soul was so that. Anything more relentless * wickedly perverse than the equal to his finitely and ingeniously and meaning' put into South- well's allusion to the age of The Lord as (nearly) own is inconceivable.Ixiv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. in his eyes. as we have seen above. Southwell's execution in his Chronicle : Stow hanged. the combat. lined with people. full of the thoughts of the journey he was to take the next day. again put down into Limbo. all the way. He was condemned. gained a glorious victory. into a happy eternity sovereign Object of his love. and quartered. bowelled. as perfume from a wind-shaken flower. with thoughts of the supreme Life.

as well when Southwell bathe been ther as when Mr. al's Wingfeld. Barnes. defended y« denial of y^ fact by one of y^ witnesses. Ixiv.wet pages. this judicial it is Murder.'" I should like blood. and related papers from the StatePaper Office fpp. alias Mr. al's Hyud. i. and Ixvii. add the following as a foot-note.' In June 1592 it was ordered. and the tow sonnes and ther tow daughters. and his wyfFe. was also discovered and arrested at Uxenden. or sume other lyke commissioner.) sufficient to have been once printed. And they to bee comytted to severall prysons Bellamy and his wj'fe to y^ Gaythouse. and it was admitted by him that he had been often in Bellamy's house and his friend John Gerard. bathe beene ther a sojorner in Bellamy's house. from the Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society (vol. y^ Jesuit priest. That Mr.'^ conformed' and I care not to dwell I pronounce it any longer on be such . pp. and that one ' firmness' in authority' sought to break down the of another Catholic prisoner by a false as ' malignant assertion that Southwell had sent for a Protestant 'minister. — * before. Katheryn's. do apprehend Richard Bellamy of Oxenden. andwher a noumber of other preests have bene recevyd and harberd. 293-4) Robert Southwell. another Jesuit.' The alias Cotton' is a new fact in Southwell's biogi-aphy. to and the sorrow and shame of our com' mon human have nature and Christianity that I both sides' must regard our Worthy as a 'martyr' in the deepest and grandest sense good man and full of the Holy Ghost. was taken by Mr. Turnbull has given a genealogical table of the Bellamys. ccxviii. pp. and ther tow doughters to y^ Clynck. alias Stranudge. Toplay [Topcliflfe?] a comyssyner. and ther tow soones to St.a MEMORIAL-IXTRODUCTIOX.-vi. as being a denial authorised by y^ example of y^ Saviour. and to be axamyned straytly for y« weighty service of y^ Q^ Ma*y. Cotton. Jxv fore) From Morris's Condition we learn that there were ' ' of the Catholics' (as be' conversations' on ' equi- vocation' and kindred matters during the examinations. ' : ' : . in whose house father Southwell. cexiv. in y^ parryshe of Harrow on y'' Hyll. ' As I 2 ' : . Justice Young.

suspensus et sectus 3. but ensouled. if I did not hold in honour. : palm ' come down Portrait of for his. and more.: — Ixvi MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Dr. his stainless and beautiful ' memory. day by day. blush for my Protestantism.' none the less that beliefs and forms and observances that were dear to him are errors. my Eeaders have not a in his favour using my Scottish archaic phrase — if his character have . yea reverence. all the more that he was on the losing side. The face is a conventional monkish one. Paradiaus Animce. ' from the number 89' in the right-hand corner. This we are not privileged to do here ill but I have told his Life-story if from the extant 'j:)re. of his Face. One likes to go to the Writings of a man from a study . mar. self. lesu. 1595' (the date erro- Above is a cherub reaching out a wreath and round the neck is the rope. Hannah no authentic porof Brighton in- deed has sent me an early etching-like engraving. Wandered not his steps astray. The Wiutinos.' and in the breast a sword with blood coming forth in great drops. I very much mistake if a genuine him would not have shown an intellectual. to me Through this desert. We could better have spared other portraits that have neous). seems Beneath is inscribed to have formed one of a series. thin and worn no doubt. is It is to be trait of lamented that there Southwell known. Londini. which. etherealised Face. Pass we now to II. Treading still the royal way.'wf72ce' authorities. Kobertvs Sovthvell.evidently no Portrait. ' fide P. pro Cath. Soc.

and other of the lay sorte restrayned in durance for the Catholike faith. His Prose I can only very briefly notice nor books.' mentioned Epistle in our Memoir. The next— really the first Epistle of Comfort to the Eeverend Preistes. I take it. and to the honourable. Hazlitt's) place at the head A Supplication to Queen Elizabeth' (1593): but this was probably his father's Petition. or d. Good Life: to Following this was ' A Short direct the devout Christian in a regular and ordinary course. these were printed at his private press. Oliver (as before) has stated that the Bodleian. I have failed to discover a copy. that something bearing the name of Southwell has not been in living circulation and prized by ' weary' and sorrowful spirits. The Bibliographies of his Writings ' (e. must be a misof Comfort' The take. literary object they were composed. worshipful. But in such case the date of the usually filled in.p. the tempted. the unwary. Imis ' An printed at Paris [15931].MEM0R1AL-INTK(JDUC'TI0N/ Ixvii not won an extrinsic interest and transfiguration for his . the doubting. Dodd (as before) gives the . 8vo: a copy in Dr. indeed is it their literary value that has kept them It was not for a 'quick' and potential to this day. the eager. viz. Another edi- tion of this treatise— for it really is such— bears date '1G05' (in the Bodleian). 1593.' 8vo. the ' tried. neither as contri' They were buting to literature they were published. that there never has been a decade of years since their original issue.' all ' ' ' imprint of Paris may have been a blind. 214 leaves: a copy in the British Rule of Museum. g. of the Author's own inner life' and symthe outcome pathies with the sad. n. as Southwell from 1592 was a prisoner.' Hence it is.

There was a previous edition in 1595. R T .' By the hberality of the authorities of Jesus College. far as I am aware. what here with due regarde. and now the Verses in memoriam of Southwell by Trussell must here find successive place the former an acrostic. and neither.' His ' Epistle assigned to to his Father to forsake the World' is also press. hj R. well disposed eie may he preparde Respectiuely their gi-iefe for friends decease To moderate without all vaine excesse. ' Consolatorie Epistle The Triimiphs ouer Death : or A minds. copy of it is dated The next published prose was the following: 1589. First written for the consolation of one : but nowe published for the generall good of all.: Ixviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.] R O B E Ech Reade with regarde. Done into a Poeme by The Epistle-dedicatory in verse to the The I. imprint of Doway to the ' Short Rule. the Authour of S.' and so must have been printed prior the private I have not been able to trace an early copy. Printed by Valentine London. (4to). the Stonyhurst ms.' Sackvilles we have already given in the preceding Memoir. and Mceoniw his other Hijmnes. lohn Busbie. ' John Trussell. to 1592. [Of Southwell and his Book. Oxford.Peters for afflicted ComjAaint. in the affects of dying friends. 1596. ' As we shall find.' (1595). T. I have been allowed Simmes for the leisurely use of their very fine copy of this excessively scarce book. S. appears to have been Editor of the 'Triumphs. . first Rape of faire Hellen. author of Raptvs I Helente. Our second Ciceronian Southwell sent By whose perswasiue pithy argument. so I. hitherto reprinted. and are to be solde at Nicholas Lings shop at the West end of Paules Church.

passions shall not superate theii* losse And eke this Treatise doth the Reader show. Obtract not him which foi" your good it pend Vnkinde you are if you it reprehend. that impartiall eyes Might. I. as we them ment. WTien teares can not recall the dead againe.: :: : . And though the same he did at first compose For one's peculiar consolation.proue their owne And by extreamitie of exclamation selfe-foes: And theii- continuale lamentation Seeme to forget that they at length must tread The selfe same path which they did that are dead. accept of my goodwill. I publish this to pleasiu-e all. And thereby pi-ooues. . reading iudge. To THE Readek. Chancing to find with ^sope's cocke a stone. But those as yet whom no friend's death doth crosse. : MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. the same in publike wise I['d] print to publish. Which for some friend's losse. and pleasure few or none : I thought it best. S Ixix O V T H W E L E L Sitli the woi'ke is worthie of your view. mine crost. Esteeme of both then. • II. yet both with good intent Then take them kindly both. Whose worth was more than I knew how to prize And knowing if it should be kept vnknowne. both to no end Lest then you ill deserue what both intend. That for jonr profit it presented you He pend. 'Twould many skathe. That when a tempest comes their barke to tosse. . much teares are spent in vaine. Let my goodwill and small defects fulfill He here his talent trebled doth present. That we our breath to Death by duety owe. and iudging. Way his workes woorth. Else is his labour lost. May by example guyde their actions so. my poore mite. Then. as we merite shall. praise the wight The which this Triumph ouer Death did wi'ite. Yet will it be commodious vnto those.

Or. or me for to reprooue But let this pitch-speecht mouth defile but one. 1607. I : : loHN Teussell. ver. for a fashion. wish all other reade. The fault is mine.' In any reprint this Manu- script will be found of much value. since no perswades suffise To cause them reade. but not despise This little Treatise but if Momus' eies Espie Death's Triumph. Worke. G. for the Author's sake. Whose hoUowe hearts doe seeme most holy wise. dated The last of September 1591. Printed (8vo. This was his last published prose. Let that be me. 1609. I wish them weigh the worke.' including this Epistle. &c. But leaning them.. This Writer. 6. Southwell's own prose address of The Aiithour ' to the Reader' is well-turned in phrase. Auctum unigeniti fac tibi plane2G. The title-page is as follows : * —taken from the unique copy in the Bodleian Jeremiee. sure To reade what Soutkwi'll writ will not endure. The date there given (1591) led us to place the 'Triumphs' before 'Marie Magdalen's Funerall Teares. and not who writes But they that leaue what most the soiile delights. 1630. for A.: : IXX Yet if MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. A copy of the ' Tri- umphs. 2)erhapi)es our late sprung Sectaries. 1594' There were editions of the Funerall Teares' in 1602. and let me reape the shame. corrected in his own autograph. London. Do. except the Spirit moue. &c. I. let t' other two alone For if ofience in either merite blame. ' is preserved among the Stonyhurst mss. C. Bible-bearing hypocrites. Because the Preacher's no precisian. it doth him behoue.' although the latter was in print one year earlier. ' amartim. Such were the printed and published Prose Writings . turn c. 47 leaves). the worke desinse. Mary Magdalen's Funerall Teares.

' 'Antequam cum externis &c. it must have appeared sooner than the known earliest ediThe whole of these are included in the tion.' consisting of the usual scholastic-dogmatic discussions (in Latin)..' It must be the same that is quoted from by Walter.' 'Ante Missam precatio. Peter's Complaint. exclusive of holographs of ' the already-named Triumphs over Death' and Epistle loving cosen.' very good father.' and two others without head- . viz. Ixxi Farther : Dolman. your most dutifull and lovinge sonne. same Volume with the Poems. of his.. is stated by Tuunbull to have had in his posses- sion an unpublished (and so) ms. and of the Poems. R. and of the Letter to his Father. with other Poems (as before). The date '1589' that if important. 1593. the still late Catholic pub- lisher. there are a variety of exceedingly characteristic chiefly in Latin. Esq". Sou. as described by us. it But his with reference to the Letter to his Father that it may be stated thus begins in the ms. Rich.' with a Preface-Letter To the Right Honble and virtuous Lady. the Lady Beauchamp. his dutifuU soon [^sic'] Rob.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. of our Poet. The additional autograph pieces in Prose are on separate foldings of paper. : ' To the Worshipfull. wisheth all happines and ends.' as follow ' : Ante orationem precatio. Mr. Sou. ' weighty and powerful' productions. This 22 of October 1589.' Ante studia precatio. ' printed at the private press' in his own house.' finde excuse of my is boldnes. * may S. and are these Notes on : ' Theology.' prefixed to St.' 'Ad omnia accommodata precatio. ' Precationes. entitled 'The Hundred Meditations of the Love of God. and which I would here record. and confirms our remark. I will surcease. ' Next. Besides these Hundred Meditations' ' ' among to his ' the Stonyhurst mss. .

' and 'Alas. 1 by Turnbull. and Notes or jottings for the poem of for the first time fully St. there this additional that the great body of the instruction and consimple. a Discourse on Mary Mandelyn. both extrinsically valuable from their relation to the published 'Mary Magdalen's Funerall Teares. another Prayer on a separate bit of paper. I feel a difficulty in making representative quotaas tions. ' —both ' the Pi*ayers and Meditations being in Latin. or to have been to fall in with The Re- formation. being at least an absentee from Catholic ob' gay' and ' of the world. unadorned. His father seems either to have been inclined servances.Ixxii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. As we have Worthy as is seen. seeing — remarked ' — it is not for their literary but for their worth we estimate element of them highly: while difficulty. and from him Appendix No. the earliest-dated prose of our is the Letter to his Father. and won the fine praise of Arts Willmott. of reprinting but it is of rare interest in many ways. We have very much more valuable new materials. Next. we learn . Next. and hence have not thought it . Finally. This Letter printed in extenso by Walter (as before). Returning upon the Prose of Southwell. why doe I lament. Meditationes in Adventu' ings. Peter's Complaint.' His marriage with a lady of the Court —formerly. as thus and accurately placed before the in the outset spiritual' is Reader. it — lished. solation presented is plain.' in English prose. and so unfurnished of those brilliancies that yield vivid and often untrue ' quotable bits.' of which indeed I believe them to have been the first form. almost homely.'' were probably to disappoint not to published and unpubgive something from the Prose Nevertheless.

or to forget of my being. or so unchristian a spirit. in a manner. because I might easily usages of all former ages. which to heredifriends by descent and pedigree is. not suffering them to measure their terms and odious epithets wherewith me by the ugly tary. framed in them a right persuasion of my present censures of calling. perceive by apparent conjectures that ' many were more easily got at by Readers desh-ing to see the whole. Ixxiii from More (as before). 106-125. the instructress of Queen Eliza- beth in the Latin language — and his wealth led him among the highest in the Land. w-ithout In Waltek it the old spelling. quotations from this Letter fromTuRNBULL. Thus does he pave the way ' and admonition :^ I am not of so unnatural a kind. and to purchase their danger. but sacred by the reverence of so worthy a sacrament and the Yet. occupies pp. of so wild an education. ill tins instance going back on Bodleian. and so backward in defraying debt of a thankful mind. It is not the carelessness of a cold affection. but only the iniquity of these days that maketh my presence perilous.INTRODUCTION. all my I never doubted but that the belief. in the As most I take my /i" . as not to remember the root out of which my secondary maker and author I branched. whose good-will I so highly esteem. and was taken from a ms. rather heresy hath sought to discredit my functions. deeming it better to let time in digest the fear that my return into the realm had bred my kindred than abruptly to intrude myself. nor the want of a due and reverent respect. His son Robert for counsel yearned over him. that has made me such a stranger the to my native home. and the discharge of my duties an occasion of danger. or by seeming officious to become offensive . I was loth to inforce an unwilling courtesy upon any.MEMORIAL.

sionately : ' Who hath more interest in the grape than he who planted the vine ? owe so he who sowed the corn 1 or where can the child indebted for his great service as to him to whom he is With young Tobias I have travery life and being % spiritual subvelled far. I strangers not to seek' (pp. all I have in this general famine of abundtrue and Christian food. xliii. and medicinable receipts who more right to the crop than long toil your ghostly maladies. with Joseph. desiring thereby to infull prey you were wont to love . I have with Esau. prerogative of the best disposition. and my provisions feed you. I have lived presumed that which. sure your blessing. prepared your soul.-iv. by whom . Then follow most wistful entreaties: e. after returned with the in pursuing a long and painful chase. vours have reclaimed many from the employ them where they were I have been less able to most due . finding among own country. ance of the bread of angels for the repast of And now my desire is that my drugs may cure you. but that corrective am it is I not of so a continual and cross unto me. in my nearest blood.g. and was barred from affording to my dearest sought and benefriends that which hath been eagerly xlvi. and brought home a freight of against stance to enrich you.).). and readier to praise endeavours.. I have hitherto bridled my than to use jealousy of their safety desire to see them by the care and my cradle in my and banishing myself from the scene of my like a foreigner. yet harsh and churlish a humour. More pasficially obtained by mere strangers' (p. that whereas my endeabrink of perdition. willing to hear of me than from me. my prey delight you. and anxious arguments taking the form of though I challenge not the ' Surely for mine own part. Ixxiv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

very fallen. in part. the comfort of your seriously and the redress of your own soul. and remember the Daniel. under youthful locks. be countervailed. measureth the youth of your son. in some sort. duty. ' ' fore. lest. . both in respect of the honour children. of your spring-tide is Again. neither deem your God Hoary senses are His endowments by number of years. I have been cured. judgments of God. And dash you upon the rock Now thereso the sharp arrow' is at last sent home. some unexpected gust of eternal ruin' (p. his * There follow superabundant Scriptural defences of youth' as no bar to addressing his Father. nor counsels' an accusation. that may.-vii. (pp.). neither ' his subordination as ' son' an argument for silence.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. as though his father finely : were unin' structed in such matters. hfe waneth to a low ebb leak. and the stream of your your tired bark beginneth to and grateth oft upon the gravel of the grave . written of old against Balthazar. good Sire. The full now . thereand put into fore it is high time for you to strike sail and harbour. that. seech you. by young Take heed in time. remaining in the scope of the winds should waves of this wicked time. performed. enlightened. and my your courtesies Despise not. you would yourself consider the terms you stand on. that the word interpreted Thekel. lix. your duty to His Church. be not verified in you . and weigh taking for your counterpoise the in a Christian balance. to join issue : and to come to the principal drift of my discourse most humbly and earnestly I am to beof God. and some are riper often couched of their age' in the spring than others in the autumn That 'you ivere wont to love' from the xlvi.). ingenuously old Story was exceedingly ingenious and is put. Ixxv and fed myself.

in well-doing. It is now more than a seasonable time your course of so unthriving a husbandry. you have been weighed in the balance and Remember that you are in the balance. Having so many harbingers of death to pre -admonish you of your end. and to enter . which could bring you nothing forth but a crop of cares and afflictions rewarding your labours with reto alter morse. your senses become impaired. but the old man's life can by no phyfound wanting. use now the privilege of Nature's talent to the benefit of your soul. now doth abandon you with an unfortunate long sowed in a field of flint. The prero- of childhood. may be abridged . the thoughts of sere age should continually dwell on the same. and farewell. and your body droopeth." sic be long augmented. of manhood. maturity that the chief property of things past.. Your strength languisheth. were you have little wish to do seeing that it never gave you but an unhappy welcome. To serve the world you are able. reverence . now unable. and provident of things to come. and show hereafter to be wise in foresight of future and watchful harms. " MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. You have of spirit . but the ful a stranger ? The young man's Ufe by casualty old cannot live long. and on every side the ruinous cottage of your faint and feeble flesh threateneth a fall. And therefore. and for your pains repaying you with eternal damages. how can you but prepare for so dreadThe young may die quickly. and though you so. that the date of your pilgrimage is well-nigh expired. wisdom and seeing wisdom is to be mindful of careful of things present. and of age. Ixxvi exposition. a hurtful entertainment. innocency . and that it now behoveth you to look forward to your country. . if green years must sometimes think gative of infancy is of the grave.

127 : Turnbull from Walter. It seeks to check overgrief. p. is of the same character. my own. as before.' and he urges I have expressed not only dren. I tion know nothing comparable with fidelity. the pathos of this Letter. to try whether nature could awake remorse. dismembered from the body to which we are united. similarly preserved. the insistence. whom shroud under His merciful wing. Eldon by Twiss looks chill and meagre beside A shorter Letter to named).). a general grief that For it it is hath pleased God to filleth all our hearts. to see our dearest father. xlix. the mingled affec' and prophet-like the wise instruction. p. the softness ' Walter. to whom both nature hath bound and your merits fastened our affection.). Ix. but the earnest desire of your other chilwhose humble wishes are here written with my pen. . and of as urgent and eager intensity for * ' : decision. reproof. Even the noble Letter of the late Bishop of Exeter (Phillpotts) to Lord Chancellor Eldox on his of the ' deathbed— the gem his Brother (not Life' of it. correc- tion. and prepare a way for grace's entrance. The se- quel is intensely.-li. Ixiv.' Here is one cry' out of it 'I would I might send you the sacrifice of my dearest veins. into the field Ixxvii of God's Church' (pp.' the full rich scripturahaess and quamt ap- plications. to be in hazard of a farther and more grievous separation' (p. the devoutness.— — MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. and in so doing lacks the gentleness.'^ The < Triumphs over Death' is a panegyric on the noticed in the lady of the family of the Howards Me- moir [Lady Mary Sackville]. almost awfully in earnest in its calls for recovery fore it 'return to ' Rk Church' — and : ' to 'consider' be-' be too late .

deliuering their opinions in open praises. the temper of her mind being . being severe to sternness in pression. and in this behalfe. and answered their eyes with scorne to and contempt. She was high-minded in nothing but in aspiring to perfection and in the disdaine of vice militie . but naught to reproue. and it She was by birth second to none yet she measured onely greatnesse by goodnes. leaning her house more beholding to her for hauing hon- oured it it with the glorie of her vertues.Ixxviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. finding in het at. and showing it with curtesie among Of the carriage of her selfe. How mildely she accepted the checke of fortune fallen vpon her without desert. as almost in all others. that those that least loued her rehgion were in loue with her demeanour. that was dumbe in her dispraise. as apte to draw many eies to beholde it . among her hir peeres. make her an aime ladies to passion yea. she hauing alwaies with such modestie as taught the most vntem- perate tongues to be silent in her presence. experience hath bin a most manifest proofe . that did but seeme . His ' character' of the ' fair lady' is drawn with It the firm hnes of a Painter and the glow of a Poet. shee hath the and knowen most honourable of the Land so common and knowen witnesses. and her sober gouernement [it] Enuy hirself much to repine armed it may be a sufficient testimony. making nobility but the mirrour so I adduce here : ' but vnto the first in the realme . shee suted her be- hauior to her birth. as able to shewe things worthie to be scene. may serve as an example of the elegance of his style. in other things couering her greatnes with huinferiors. The clearenes of hir honor I neede not to mention. of vertue. its re- of his other Letters. then she was to for the titles of hir degree. and enobled her birth with her piety.

which being unpaged. her faithfulnes where she found true friendship. redy to sting. but they that mildely take it up and embrace it with patience may say with David (Psalme xxiii. SO easie that she found little difficultie Ixxix in taking downe her thoughts to a meane degree. was a rod againe. that from folowing sheep came to foyle a giant and receiue in fine Why then should a royall crowne for his victorie ? Wee moisten not the her loss bee lamented V Again ground with pretious waters. is written with teares in many eies. ' : ' umphs. Our teares are water of too high a price to be prodigally poured in the dust of any graues.' Once more : ' When Moses threw from him.' . and but affrighted him. If they be teares of loue. eyther by their fruits to delight our sences. seruiceable for his vse.'^ are felicitous conceits and most ingenious applications of loue. it became a serpent. or by a kingdome by seeking of cattel or : ' their operation to preserve our healths. they per- fume our his rod prayers. no way hurtful. and will be longer registred in grateScattered up and down the Triumphs' ful memories.). The crosse of Christ and rod of every tribulation seem to threaten stinging and terrour to those that shunne and eschew it.g. ' and Bible facts and names it : e.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. references are not easy but being short the Reader will readily Sir Egerton Brydges reprinted the Trifind our quotations. insomuch as it made him to flee . " Thy rod and Thy staffe being quickly taken vp. it Our text is the edition of 1590. which true honour not pride hath raised to her former height . ' Would ? Saul have thought friendship to have wept for his fortune in hauing found Dauid account it a curtesie to have sorowed at his successe. They were stilled to nobler endes.

. that as the heauens keepe their prescribed periods. the mountaynes of this and to ascend out of this desart of perfume stemme [= steam] out of burned first edition WiLLMOTT appositely (as before. The dwarfe groweth not on the highest nor the man part looseth not his height in the lowest valley. and some for reaping that you inevitably note in reading ' to our loue is always aliue to our sorrow. which are not the laws of necessarie causes. all in the wil. to be afterwards by equall portions rather take that divided among them. there to giue her soule a full repast on His beauties. to take view of her Sauior's She stood vpon most de- and forsaking the earth. . with Zacheus. . most men would (' they brought than stand to the diuision. some in the vnripe eares." ' Yet again : ' too lowe a ground sired countenance.' p.' ' Mary IVIagdalene's Fiinerall Teares' was in .' tall ' the haruest depending vpon the Reaper's hill. .' The fol- lowing seems to of me to contain in brief a very famous paper : ' Addison in The Spectator If men should lay all their evilles together. my comfort.' ' in wand ring about .' ' : only different. troublesome world. .IxXX have been MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Jepthae's daughter from her father's house.' I close with three sentences golden' the Puritans would have called them) : That which dietli The termes of our life are like the seasons of the yeare. of Lives. with she climed vp into the tree of Ufe. some are reaped in the seed. 13) reminds us in relation to the closing image. some end : in the blade. some for sowin this ing. but to passe some moneths like a spices. shee departed. but in the seasons of our life. ' that the voice of the rising ' Lady' in Comus is described as like a steam of rich distilled perfumes. so the succession of times have their appointed changes . some for growing.

: death allow any wished welcome ' her flame. he says. ! nor Bhe hath abandoned company of the dead and now it seemeth that euen the dead have forsaken her. whom neither will afoord a desired farewell. and over-valuation of weeping' is ijer se. the question. and hence we can't give references for our quotations but again ' ' . / . sith she part. And yet ever and anon one of arrested by a quaint fancy. as of a gargoyle or cathedral-stall oaken carving. Isaac it Watts along with his ' own Hymns it . apter to nourish than diminish her griefe. that has a morbid sentimentalism about not at all pleasing — after the type of a good deal of Father Faber's Prose ' — an otherwise striking and suggestive over-dwelling upon that repells." Thee. sith Thou that art this part art thority. reprinted by Ixxxi Dr. that this part shall not be taken from her. the treatise is brief. life how vnfortunate this woman. an odd metaphor." our text fl630) is unpaged.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. as she stood at the ' empty tomb is in her sor- row.' Once more: sister. I suppose. Alas. she yeelded herselfe captiue to all discomfort. and has never. which should not be taken That she chose the " best part" is out of made it choice of nothing but only of But how can be verified. Thus to Mary. since the coarse she seeketh is taken away from her^^ Again Though teares were rather oyle than water to the liuing. ' Re- member [Lord] that Thou saidst to her that *' Mary had chosen the better from her. and chosen the . Here and elsewhere. without auSouthwell assumes Mary Magdalene' to have been Mary of Bethany but the argument is lovingly already taken away?' ' : As with the Triumphs.' I confess. been it out of print. yet now being plunged in the depth of paine.

g. but : Yet again ' If sorrow at the crosse did not it make selfe thee as deafe as at the tombe. as to 1 haue stolen the body and the clothes yea. died with such paine. than to be a gardener? And hast thou bestowed such cost. is noticethat is now able in its early occurrence in our Worthy: e.' there is this ' : odd expostulation passing into genuine exposition Hath thy Lord liued so long. the sorry garden the best inheritance that thy loue can afoord Him. maketh thee for- getfull. and shed such showers of bloud. for is no better man than a silly gardener ? Alas. ' Would any theefe. or a gardener's office the highest dig- .' : ' giuen with with loue. to come to no higher preferment. commonplace.' Finally on the words : she taking Him to be a gardener. that the same day he Him in Paradise. not what he hath.: Ixxxii MKMORIAL-IXTROnUCTlON. so much sorrow and so many teares. and are but vpbraidings of his losse and whetstones of sharper sorrow. thinkest thou. the well-ordering of the sheets. haue beene so left religious. would he haue beene so vertuous as to haue stayed the vnshrouding of the coarse. through famiharity. Once more : If thou [Mary] seest anything that beareth colour of mirth. laboured so much.' Again it . which puts him in mind what he had. Reasoning dexterous on the (erroneous) assumption. it is vnto thee like the rich spoiles of a van' quished kingdome in the eye of a captiue prince. as to dissolue the myrrh and vncloath the dead ?' and so on.' and ' Loue is no gift except the giuer be Loue is not ruled with reason. and folding vp the napkins ? Thou knowest that the myrrh maketh linnen cleaue as fast as pitch or glue and was a theefe at so much leasure. thou diddest in confirmation hereof heare Him- should be with ' say to one of the theeues.

that the beginnings of glorie and presenteth Himselfe in a gardener's likemight resemble the entrance of innocencie and grace. the first man that euer was in glory. than with His death so dearely to haue bought so small a purchase. . a garden was deceiued and taken captiue by the deuill. so this gardener the raiser of our mines. In a garden Adam was condemned to earne his bread with the sweat of his browes. in this garden Christ lay clad in the dead man's shrowd and buried in his tombe. and innocency. the parent of sinne. he was there ap- parelled in dead beasts' skinnes. that his garment betoken his graue. was placed in the garden of pleasure. But thy mistaking hath in it a further Thou thinkest not amisse.WEMORIAL-liNTRODUCTION. . and the restorer of life. auis thor of death. mysterie. And as the gardener was the fall of mankinde. appeareth first in a garden. so they might end . in a garden Christ did earne it vs with a bloudy sweat of His whole body. that as our harmes and such places and mcanes began. in the state of grace be deceiued. of that sinne. fruit of a tree. nitie that tliou wilt allow Ixxxiii Him ? It had beene better He had lined to haue beene lord of thy cattle [Magdala]. Adam And Sup- after a free gift of the bread of angels in the Last per. In the ransome of our offences. and his liuery of death agree with And now to defray the debt his condemnation to die. When Adam might had sinned garden of pleasure. and the first office allotted him was to be a gardener so . and. In a garden Christ was betrayed and taken prisoner by the Jewes. though thy sight For as our first father. nesse. our right to that garden was by Adam and by the obedient death of Christ vpon a is a farre better right in the now recouered. By disobedient eating the forfeited tree.

Ixxxiv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.' but offer nothing very remarkable. 449. that were it divided into portions and given Originally issued as 'A Shorte Rule. e. No. Meditations. greater extent. and St. 14s. ' The are instructions children' and * servants' good. 4/. Kerslake of Bristol had an autograph ms. of the earlier form. might be on.. Peter's Complaint claims perhaps first it thought. Feb. The Precationes' and Meditationes' and ' ' * ' Notes on Theology' most certainly ought not to remain Passing now to the Poetry of our Worthy.' and so manner of Mary Magdalen's Funerall words of Southwell used in his Teares' supplies also Poems. ' the like. from its in MS. g. When we come much to examine it is it.^ With relation to the Stonyhurst mss. demurres. Bernard.' the little tractate gi-ew Short Eules' of the collective edition of 1630. as were the premises to our misery. it is to say. St. 1860.' formerly Walter and lately of Dolman. will be forthcoming. that while a thread of unity runs through really is rather a succession of separate studies on the sad Fall of St. to ' search' —the old (English) Bible word— take very discovered to par- of the character of the shorter poems. I must express an earnest hope that some one capable will make them the basis of an adequate edition of the Prose Writings of in possession of Southwell. Peter than a single rounded so poem much ' so. The and ' ' Short Rules' are in concerning many respects admirable charitable.' (Catal. only. sindon. wrecke as = wreak. and that the ms. also the after the conclusions of our misfortune .) . A shorte Rule of Good Lyfe to direct the devoute Christian in a regular to the ' ' and orderlie course. That it.

IXXXV headings. Thus it would seem St. in Elizabeth Grymeston's Miscellanea. contain only 12 out of the 131 stanzas (see page 2) and in this form it exists in various contemporary and later copies. and affectionate. tiues (1604). As we have found in the Memoir.' Each stave' or stanza is prefaced by prose 'meditations' or prayers. the fragmentary mss. of Stonyhurst prove. Loth of his fait and of his maysters paynes A thousand daggers stabbed in his hart [erased] did with puniardes hart.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. There are separate stanzas written and re-written.g. commencing with verse and going on ad interim in prose : . Peter's Complaint extended beyond its Author's original design.' pushes [erased] stabbe A thousand luoundes prickyns [erased] pearce [erased] his So throughout. which it is said ' she usually sung and played on ' winde instruments. and at the pinch his loyalty doth The shame. and corrected and reis ' corrected ' : e. as with the minor pieces in the 1616 edition. That it cost him no little thought and ' pains' and prayer. the pitye and smart a7iffri/ the gryping griefe stayne. and no distinction as between them and the others.g. ^ sixteene staves' are taken from the long Poem. the Stonyhurst mss. simple. Meditations Memora. sweet. . we should discern no abruptness. Again. There are also prose-jottings of ideas : and metaphors for the poem e. a heading The Peeter Playnt' : {sic) with The' erased ' and then as follows peer That sturdy peter ^nd boaste The champion stout which did with othe avowe Amyds a thousand pykes and blody blades At his deare masters syde to yeld the ghoast Perceyvyng that he conquered of two mades wittTdread*^ his credit distayne Even at the pinch from premiss did retyi'e and oowardyce he fades.

Peter's Complaint (page 2) I ven- a foremost place only on the ground of its being longer than the others. not knowledge.^ In the Note to ture to assign it St. None faythful found I. it is paralleled in the Complaint. that will pronounce ' tedious or idly As these variations and studies are peculiarly interesting the remainder (not extensive) in Additional Notes and Illustrations at close of the Volume.' suffice. inas- much as there are in ' Mjeonite' and our ' Myrta^' shorter pieces that attain a reach and sweep. and the critical Reader compare them with the ultimate published These specimens must will delight to Poem.' At the same time. and which gleam ' with a dove-neck or peacock-crest splendour of colour. glance-and-run it reading.Ixxxvi ' MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. regarded as so many distinct Studies of the tragic ignorance. not insight. I adhere to the verdict. Chryst a rimniug tunge did seeme ech lyk a listning Ech eie of And Eclie ey of peeagre eares [' s' erased] Prest to recyve the voyce and it esteame iTiLg^eare"**' According to that sense that it should heare. none courteous Of so many that I have vochsafned to be myne was more kyndled But thow in whome my And faythlesse and iingi-atefull above all other me All other with there (cowardly) flyght did only oflfend me my But thou hast denyed and now with the other (foes) [sic] ghilty Standest feedynd thy eies with my damage (and sorowes) As though part of this pleasur belonged unto the. only now and again Incident. More fierce he seemed to say ar thy eis Then the iminous hands which shall naile me on the crosse peters eis so many Nether feele I any blow [sic] which do so annoy Of so many which this gylty rahle doth on me lay As that blow which came out of thy mouth. I give .

Ye Granta's white nymphs come. among the many mis-estimates of his passionate youth. the mother of God' (see Shakespeare Society ii. pp. :' Complaint viii. sat. whilst he does sweetly sing 'Gainst Peter's Teares and Marie's mouing Moane. Ixxxvii Bishop Hall. in his Satires' (Book i. and so too in ' Pierce's Supererogation. . Peter weeps pure Helicon. containing the Teares of the holy. like a fierce enraged boare doth foame. paraphrastic. And.' But Marston repaid the ' compound interest daunce. blessed.' and Gervase Markham's Lamentations of Mary Magdalene' (reprinted our Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies) ' in : And both the Marys make a music Satirist with luoan. Papers. iv. ye stumbling SatjTes. Hall's (18.) has one mocking line on the ' ' ' Now good * St. vol. Our Memoir sweetest his ' establishes that some of the tenderest and must have been composed after the anguish of thirteen rackings' and other prison tortures. 157). 1G9-170. and sanctified Marie.' with a gibe at ' Mary's Funerall Teares.: MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.'' Come Teares' and Lodge and Nash have kindly allusions to Southwell the former in his : the ' ' Funerall Prosopopeia. If he list once the Syon Muse deride. and with you bring Some sillabub. xii.' vitality of But it is from the shorter Poems the South- well's memory as a Singer has sprung and will abide. The poor to sing in the darkness of its artificial (for the eyes are Canary continuing pose to secure ' and cruel sightlessness put out on puris singing' at night as during the day) an imperfect symbol of our Poet continuing to utter out the music that was in ' him under such Works contlitions. by his side. Pro- Reactio.39).

— — of special interest. as our few notes show. while that on the Prodigal has a pre-Eaphaelite reahsm that is taking. thinking' and feehng' that are as musical as Apollo's and as fresh as a spring-budding spray and the wording of all (excepting over-alliteration and inversion lute. original. but within his own selfchosen lowly sphere pure and bright. ' ' loving cosen' for his humble . bably his entire Poems were produced in prison . which are . Altogether. truthful. grand. and I must reiterate that this inevitableness surely determines that his most quaint and affected-seeming Verse was natural. imaginatiye. and not recognise a born-poet in Southwell.' ' 'A ' Child my is Choyce.' 'Content andEiche.' and those related. as onward. it were a loss to our small body of English Sacred Poetry to lose ' Southwell. well-languaged and memorable and thought-packed. high-soaring.' Look Home. who Lewd Lone Losse.' must make in respect of the uttermost recognition of her as the God-bearer {Qzoroxog. the Preface -Epistle to bis self-estimate. ' The hastiest Eeader will come on . unforgettable. The man ' is a pretender who can really ' ponder' ' Myrtle' and Majonije' and the rest. spontaneous. to a Synner's Dyer's Phansie turned Complaynte.' and the whole series on the Lord and His Mother. in recollection of their (early) date and of the circumstances of their composition. I must regard the long poem on the Assumption of the Virgin as bold.) The are Protestants.' Scorne not the ' ' ' Least.^ I name and only name Tymes goe by Turnes. Cf.' 'Life is ' Love's Servile Lott. as their subjects. Latin Poems printed by us for the first time have.IxXXviii MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. with every abatement that we.' but Losse. not supreme. certain superficial metrical defects but apart from other things.

their polish. and I As a whole his Poetry is thmk has been more potential I healthy and in our Liteit rature than appears on the surface. you take some of the Myrtse' and and read and re-read them. as Haunted House' dim. occasionally) undefiled. as well early as more recent. strong. limiting us to who will compare the Vale of Tears' the source of the latter's immortal weak beside it. from Burns two to Thomas Hood. faint. I believe every Reader deliberately.' His smiles for he has humour. in the outset here. even wit. will see in the ' ' For example. that must have lurked the burdened eyes and corners o' mouth are sunny * — as sunshine. their in them not as scent on love.MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Holiness is struck with their condensation. I yet m . while I sions to am not one of those in who find allu- Shakespeare contemporary writings when the writers were not thinking of that his scenic realities were ther authors than is him though I believe more suggestive to his brocommonly supposed and while I do — — not think that he alone ' is alluded to in the Epistle to his loving cosen' as preface to St. Peter's Complaint.locks. His tears are — in pure and white as the dew of the morning. do not think would be hard to show that others of whom more is heard drew light from him. the latter. you are memorableness. their elan. the earth-hid bulb compared with the it lordly blossom of hyacinth or tulip or lily really carrying in — — nevertheless And the original of the mightier after- poem. but as fragrance in the Great Gardener's flowers of fragrance.' ' Ixxxix is throughout of the ' pure well of English ' When M^oniaa' pieces. their concinnity. It only remains that I bring before our Readers certain Shakespereana out of Southwell.

wherein it maye and vertae suite together. to ' The Ji nest wits are now giuen passionate discourses.' and in 'To the Reader.' Then Complaint (The Author to the Reader) we allusion : have this ' more express Still finest wits In Payuim are 'stilling Venvs' rose.XP MIvM(>UlAL-lXTR(Jl)rt'TI(>X. Peter's some fyner peece. must discern thought of the Poet of Venus and Adonis' and Lucrece' in these words. this though course in respect of others' exquisite labours. g. they now busy themselves have wedded their lett in expressing such passions as onely serve for testimo- nies to willes. not unfit to entertaine well. I have here laid a fewe course thredds to- gether to invite some skilfuUer wittes to goe forward in the same or to beginne be scene how well verse in St. toyes the sweetest vaines are spent. howe unworthy affections they And because the best course to is them see the in their error of their workes to weave a newe webb owne loome.' write It may be that cotirteous skill will reckon. yet with a very clear recognition of the in the Epistle-dedicatory. to which in dutye they owe their abilities. ' loftiest genius : e. produce internal and external evidence imme' diately but at this point I observe that in is Mary Mag- dalen's Fanerall Teares' there like lamentation over ' the ' finest wits' given up to mere idle' love-verse.' Be it remembered farther that at the })oriod ' St.' We shall . Pe- . for in liew of solemne and devoute matter. not as : in The devill as he our reprint (in its place) from 159G affecteth deitye.tempered humours. and seeketh to have all the complementes of divine honor applied to his service. so hath he amonge ' the reste possessed also most Poetes with his idle phancies. which 1 give from the ' ' Stonyhurst autograph in the original spelling.

3) From women's They They That eyes this doctrine I derive : sijarkle still the right Promethean /ire . contain.' as then and even still Milton to the perplexity of the present in the rapture of fellowship with the quizite labours' Lord Jesus. Peter's Complaint. lines of the stanza and whose glances!' student compare them with the Biron in Love's Labour Lost (iv. Ixii. ter's XCl Complaint' was written. toys. tabled and learnt by the ' gallants. vi. Turning to St. ' 'Oh — let the Shakesperean maintained by thesis . Ivii. through his forgetfulness of the love and intensity that went as elements in the word sweet. Venus and Adonis' was one of the poems of the day. shoiv. and especially the next but one (st.-ix. st. and when sweef was a recognised ' appellative of the silver-tongued Meliceit in —coming up later * Archbishop of Dublin (Trench). is identical. the acudemien. are the booka.' is this all. is a baseless and ignorant and that at a time when epithets were fixed upon each author of mark. that the stanza-form of the two ' poems name. and nourish all the world. reference intended to the that the same chiefest Poets (and it need hardly be said modern theory of the non-appreciation of Shake- speare by his contemporaries vision). and that Venus' is mentioned by (11. and part of the next. Then more of the ' specifically in the next stanza is 2-4) and St.: — MEMOltlAL-lNTHODUCTJON. Complaint' itself. and applied by them : in complimentary address to their mistresses also.). the arts. Hence I conclude that Shakespeare's 'exand finest wit' were included in the ' ' heavenly sparks of wit who spend their sweetest veins in Paynim Nor two Ixv. first st." Biron's speech being a humorously sophistical mainten- . eyes.

3).' We have also pleasantly remember that in his Conversations' with Drummond ' ' .XCU MEMUHIAL-IXTKUDUCTION. plain he had access it ' to circles where such Manuscripts ' were circulated. ance of a thesis iu scholastic form — not noticing which the Commentators have gone astray. in the Epistle to his ' One sentence loving cosen' reveals that play or stage-fetched metaphors were not accounted unhallowed by our Worthy. inasmuch as he applies such to the Tragedy and Pageant of Calvary. It does not appear that he had seen Lord Brooke's deeper sweet' original of to Dyer's Phansie. the words those of the older Play. as noted in the place (p. it is worth recording that one unusual use of a word ('vaunt. 2). of Sir Edward Dyer's ' 'Phansie' (turned by him characteristically into a it is Sinner's Plaint'). and in MS. smacks of may be Of the Blessed we have seen. if Shakespeare's. has a near parallel in the Prologue to Troilus and Cressida. It is allowable to indulge in the pleasures of imagination' that the mightier Poet read the lesser. From Southwell's possession in (necessarily) ms. was not improbably borrowed from its our Poet.' of his may be even Shakespeare's copies poems similarly reached him. Farther..' stanza iii. and that the lesser recognised the coming effulgence of England's supremest genius. act iv. By the way. sc. present state is several years On the other hand.' Then. ' the cold brook candied with ice' (Timon.' page 90) by Southwell. for Timon in later than 1595. in tian's Sacrament of the Aulter' = as Manna. ' leaps o'er the vaunt. 49). The Chris' ' Cu})id's prologue in the ' same Timon (i. In our Notes and Ilhistrations I furnish other SnAKESPEARE-parallels and (probable or possible) allusions and elucidations invite attention to : and I them.

it seems to me very pure English for the time. -ions His sentences are short. = mother' As examples of irregular ellipses. he would have been content to destroy many of (Laing's edit. which is the ' more noticeable in that a Latinate style is might have been expected. ' ' spirit' gener-ally read as adv. less Latinate than might have been supposed. pared with with his words. the Burning : ' .M EMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. his' Babe. and rhythmical. except that there cle. Now and then.g. ' sprite. Regarding the 'wording' of Southwell's poetry. which sometimes obscure the sense. and far too frequent inversions. In construction he is generally clear and English. Ben Juns^on thus spoke of Southwell and one of his poems That Southwell was hanged yet so he [Jonson] had written that piece of his. and as ring -ed. In pronunciation the liquid syllables are generally elided.' haven' ' heaven. p.' and words like ' orient' ' and ' ' period' are trisyllabic.-verb. e.' as of-pearl. and evil' nearly always so — all as pointed out in our license Notes and Illustrations. and mars the sound of his verse by the too frequently recurgratia. by and metri and -ion are made dissyllables. 'of pearl the purest mother. as is ow. especially so as commany writers of the period. equally may gentle Will' have done so. 13) and if Jqnson 'read' South: well. is a great omission of the arti- a great use of ellipses both regular and irregular.' ' even' (as and in uneven') always monosyllabic. and he adds to the latter by a marked alliterativeness. and in one instance imparts a dash of the ludicrous. He also makes over-use of a poetic license and affectation. of Hawthoniden. we find thy . Occasionally there a poetic-archaic word one or two of which he is extremely fond — and ' —of also in- tended or accidental provincialisms.

either the done by another to me.. Thus. lines 19-20. 20. be' (p. bably comes rather under the head of a colloquial and one of those many phrases in the old writers which are more or less obscure. which has to be taken out of ' trespass' [being]. 11. injuries meant. The (p. according to the context.' or this box his gift. 68. not allow- ing for the absence of other language. part [me from Christ] ' line 2). blind in seeing what' [was present] {p. and at p. 'whose' refers to 'parts. ' In such phrases as is ' this box is my gift. because the Writers have written too much as they would have spoken. line 2). but God . line 17). or the wrongs that I do in the one case the other person or or did to others persons are mainly thought of and considered agental in the other case I am the chief subject of my ideas and injuries' .' There is another obscurity common to Southwell and writers of his day. between the speaker and Hence we its find a difficulty at times in referring the pronoun to pro- per noun. and writes too colloquially. Xciv MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.119. fray [was] (p. and for that sym- pathy and consentaneous exist knowledge which generally listener.' not to 'gripes. at p. the ' they' of line 5 of ' Scorne not the Leaste' refers not to higher powers. line 13). but to ' feebler part. 39. in connection with the possessive pro- noun and case. 'My the agent. line 8. but which has sometimes been mis-explained. 18.' the other circumstances alone init is terpret whether meant 'this box is the gift bestowed . 14. line 2) proellipse. 'he' is not Joseph. which is dependent on the causes spoken of above. .' and at p. keep [me] (p. because the writer does not think so much of the word -construction as of the main idea or subject of his discourse. 29.

Pe- Complaint' a ' drawl' of thirty pages of maudlin repentance. Peccavi') The is ' paraphrase' of David (to ' David's a single short piece.' in common with many of his warmest admirers with which I read Professor Lowell's verdict on his Poetry. and has only become mine through His agency. brilliancies of inner-portraiture scarcely to be matched in contemporary wit. in which the distinctions between the north and north-east of is sides of a [sic] sentimentality are Duns Scotus. that which CJod gave. and the punning' con- . me harsh to brutalHim the first true and the hastiest generalisation. and that the 'God's gift am 1' means I have given my'gift' is ' only the context that shows that self as a gift to God. it is So 'God is my gift' (p. line 17). on me' (or him). or (or him). St. while there are felicities of metaphor. ' 'this box is the gift bestowed by me' Angels' bread' might be. ' Verse. or angels — according to in to be the agent. : and as another remark does of St. 128. Peter for. and utters out emotion that flames into passion very unforgettably. with admitted tedium.evidently the most superficial acquaintance ' . bread prepared by it might be the bread given to whatever the context determines or brought by angels. in his charming My Study Windows' (on Smith's Lib' ' — I cannot close these inadequate remarks on South AVELL without expressing the profound regret and pain — rary of old Authors').MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. It seems to ity on the man (meet follower of gentleman that ever breathed') while on the Poetry it rests on self. Peter's Complaint sounds depths of penitence and remorse. daintinesses of word-painting.' ignorance — of the Poem worthy shows about as much knowledge that — as of the Schoolman. ter's To pronounce ' ' St.

yielded humble Christian. reminds us of the Countess of Pembroke's Saviour's Passion'] . was a devout and tion. and 'two stanzas last worth preserving. of which never possibly could the substantial ideas have entered the Apostle's mind.. a man has. Pcter^s Complaint. is of considerable length — It a hundred and thirty-two stanzas. Peter's Complaint. Peter. if that which comes from within a man may be taken as the test of his character. and . New Pomp. poem [' Our is. notwithstanding.' There follow six little stanzas from St. during his residence in Rome.XCVUl found tliat MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.' the . if his object had been personal aggrandisement. Perhaps chief fault lines as to that the pauses are so measured with the make every line almost a sentence. from which I fear modern Catholic verse Probably the Italian poetry with which to such irreverences he must have been' familiar in his youth. and which are very far from indicating a correspondent state of feeling. There is also a good deal of sentimentalism in the poem. whence he attributes a multitude of expressions to St. for the sole sake of self-abnega- homage. where. or probably any other than Southwell's own." : ' His chief poem It is called St.' and ' New Prince. the effect of which luriters is a considerable degree of monotony. Sentiment [alism] is a poor ape of love. is he of course fond of antithesis. accustomed him of expression as this sentimentalism gives occasion to. " Dost thou lift up thine heart?" Southwell's song answers for him " I lift it up unto the Lord. Southwell. In the choir of our singers we only ask. a is fault rarely free. but is far more arits ticulate and far superior in versification. he might have wielded authority. Like all of abounds in conceits and fancies the time. but the love is true.

' 'Another. And so I take from ' The Lady of La Garaye' a por- trait of a Prior. I shall not appeal in vain to Prof. Common and such none the less that it is pervaded by a sweet and title delicate tone of holy humour. 96-103. There is again intercalate. thus introduced: xcix ' The following poem. . on the same subject. which must always associate a certain conventional respectability with the forms of religion. for which I fancy Father Southwell might have sate He sits by Gertrude's couch and patieut wild gi-ieving voice . life Telling the torture of her broken And when he answers her she seeius to know The peace of resting by a river's flow. Burning Babe. The very has a glim- mer of the glowing heart of Christianity.' I Ben Jonson's insight was disclosed in his love for the kindred symbolism. and its mao-Dr. with the latter half of St. however. • Pp. will think it irreverent. New One stanza. these sufficiently-qualified Critics. I like It is fantastic to a degree. much This little babe.^ I believe. so few days old. that nificent as simple profoundest truth in the symbolism of this. &c. is in style almost as truest. I judge its reverence profound. then. he He continues: c&Wa New Heaven. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION. Macdonald concludes Peter's Remorse and Content and Rich. War.: : . simple as a ballad. To her With tearful sympathy listens bis dark eye glistens for that young wife. Lowell to give a few hours behind his Study Win' dows' to a re-perusal of some of the poems of South^vell named by us and. at once of the quaintest and minds.

The hody tasked. nor young with manhood's gentlest gi-ace Pale to transparency the pensive face. Pale not with sickness hut with studious thought. At end of our Volume I add a few farther Notes and Blustrations on points touched on in their places. . Norton (1863). how . Grosart. the fine mind overwrought With something faint and fragile in the whole. As though 'twere but a lamp to hold a soul. 120-1. Resolving service to his God's hehest. though not passionless. yet still With a sweet calm that speaks an angel's will. to serve Him hest. 1 By Hon. . Tender his words. . pp. " . and eloquently wise Mild the pure fervour of his watchful eyes Meek with serenity of constant prayer The luminous forehead. . ..' Alexander B. And Not ever musing old. high and hroad and hare The thin mouth.- Mrs. MEMORIAL-INTRODUCTION.

ST. PETER'S COMPLAINT. .

G. 22. Again. and of each of the others. 23. copy there is this in a contemporary hand. simply because it is the longest verse-production of its author. Peter's Complaint. I line to dy I dy to line' (in Jesus College. Vt moriar vivo vt viva morior'). and 131 of the completed poem. So that we have been obliged to fall back on the printed editions. 29. see our Preface. sorrowfully careless and corrupt The Stonyhtjrst ms. . it is. we have taken for basis the edition of 1596 and in Notes and Illustrations at the close of the poem. 10. its ornaments. We a few good readings. various readings. not at all as being The only complete us. and the motto. and having in the centre an open book with an hour-glass set on it. 30. 14. . place St. engi-aved border of quaint device. It is placed within an Opposite is the title-page of 1596. on this edition. 21.422 in British Museum . is that his best. in common with the whole Manuas fully shown in our script. but while furnishing of Addl. viz. and The Notes and Illustrations are placed at the close of St. and print. . tunately contain only 12 stanzas out of the 132 28. 6921 unforPreface. as throughout. Peter's Complaint first. 11. Our Memorial-Introduction sheds light on the formation of the ' Complaint :' and thither the reader is referred. and editions. record corrections and . we have most unsatisfactory texts to work on. For more ' : ' : . 10.NOTE. with their several authorities in ms. Mss. of this poem known. and all as reprounderneath a winged death's-head and a globe duced in fac-simile in our illustrated quarto edition. Oxford. 17. even the original edition of 1595 and that assigned by us to 1596 being extremely faulty as also shown in our Preface. and certain significances in others. and Hakleian ms. unfortunately. After an anxious collation of mss. 20. .

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for William Lcakc : and are to be sold at his shop in Paules Churchyard. Printed by H. L. 1596? 4to. Newly augmented With other Poems. at the signe of the holy Ghost.] . [n. I line I dy to to dy liue London.Saint PETERS COMPLAINT.d.

that by many reckoned but But the vanitie of three words of one signification. G. aud is repeated in that of 159G and after-editions.' These readings are all in 1616. and their paynim diuinitie oracled. haue so discredited this facultie. 1620 and 1630. Who by deliuering many parts of Scripture in verse. whose gods were chiefely canonized by their poets. and a Iyer. : ' ' ' ' ' ' . and making the and faynings of loue the customarie subiect of a poet. are their base endeiiours. and footed' dropped out: line 40. 'the mcane' for 'let them.THE AUTHOR TO HIS LOUING COSIN. On the Stonyhukst MS. sonnets' comfor songs :' line 22. follies Poets. And therefore not among the heathen. of this Epistle-dedicatory see our MemorialThese corrections of Tuenbull's text may be Introduction. deliuering' for delivered :' line 10. as well as 1595 and 1596. noted line 8. His Apostle willing vs to exercise our deuotion in hymnes and spiritual be good. in verse. a louer. mend it' for 'he commended:' line 47. warranteth the art to allowable. and the vse onely sonnets. by abusing their talent. but euen in the Olde and Newe Testament. and. • it hath beene vsed by men of gi-eatest Tliis forms the Author's preface to the volume of 1595. men cannot counterpoyse the authoritie of God.

But the to to haue all deuill. office a liymne the condusion of His Last Sup- and the prologue of the to the first pageant of His Pasgaue His Spouse a methode to imitate. me not (good Cosin) tliough I send you a blame -worthy present. to which in duety they owe their abilities. and to all men a the true vse of this measured and footed stile. so hath he among the rest possessed also most Poets with his idle fansies. as in the Church patterne. together. as he aflfecteth deitie and seeketh the complements of diuine honour applyed his seruice. For in lieu of solemne and deuout matter. And.THE AUTHOR TO HIS LOUING pietie. to know it appeareth . by making per. or to begin it some finer peece. to haue heere laide a few course threds inuite some skilfuller wits to goe forward I in the same. you cannot be it. they now busie themselues in expressing such passions as onely serue for testimonies to what unworthy affections they haue wedded their wills. in which the most that can commend it is the good wiU of the Writer . wherein may be Blame scene how well verse and vertue sute to- gether. Christ Himselfe. sion. faultlesse that did importune mc to commit and tlicrefore you must bcare part . If in me this be a fault. neither arte nor invention giuing it any credite. 5 matters of most deuotioii. because the best course to let them see the errour of their Avorks is to weaue a new webbe in theu- owne loome. in COSIiN:.

with many good the Meane. of the when it shall please sharp censures to impose In the meane time.6 THE AUTHOR TO HIS LOUING penance it. be wishes. I send you these fewe ditties. I pray you. . and let still a part in all your musicke. adde you the tunes. COSIN.

With easie censure deeme of my delight Giue sobrest countenance leaue sometime to smile. i And graucst wits to take a breathing flight to Of mirth make a trade. fit 1 Such lawlesse stuffe doth lawlesse speeches With Dauid. verse to Vertue I apply. and not merely to St.: : : :. When grace in Vertue's key tunes Nature's string. With poets pleasing vaine to temper prose. 5 But tyred spirits for mirth must hauc a time. not stiU aboue. 5 mi^^sm THE AVTHOVR TO THE READER. o In courser studies 'tis a sweet repose. may be a crime. Petei-'s Complaint. i Least by excesse before their time they droupe. her from the wing to stoupe The loftie eagle soares High flights will force And studious thoughts at times men must remoue. G.^ Deare eye that doost peruse my Muses stile. Whose measure best with measured words doth It is the sweetest note that lit man can sing. Profane conceits and faining fits I flie. ' This and the next poem bflong to the whole vohime. .

line 4.' ' ' ' ' ' = to any particular moment St. still' is St. line 1. line 2. without reference.' and in st. iii. 'where death is deemed gaine. ii. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. St.' for adjudged or pronounced gain . as in deemsDempster. as now.' at least this gives a stronger and better sense than if it betaken as merely =thought or considered. Such ' usfe was not unfre' quent contemporarily. ' ' ter. Deemed' as a participial is similarly used in Life is but Losse' (line 5). ii. ' Tuenbull misprints ' the' for their.THE AVTHOVR TO THE READER. line 1. . feigned' for feigning. constantly. i. or than if is deemed' be taken as a verb. deeme' is=pronounce judgment. of time.' G.

Stil finest wits are 'stilling t6 In Paynim toyes the sweetest vainesare spent. . that day nest to let fall a looke : i On these sad memories of Peter's plaints to see Muse not some mud in clearest brooke are saints. beaded Rvruvs iid Eviidcm. 20 this is In 1030 iiud hiU-r cditious. They once were Their weaknesse brittle is mould that now to offend no warrant 5 Learne by their faidts what in thine owne to mend.^ Deare eye. Ounce His for his dramme.' G. If Equitie's even-hand the ballance held. Christ's thorne is sharpe. my single penne to seeke a pheere . To Christian workes few haue Licence their talents lent. nuil repeated by Turnbull. You ' heau(Mily sparkes of wit shew natiuo light .: . but wane in good. . "Where Peter's siunes and ours were made the weiglits. ' . thcames my mourning Muse resolue in teares. pound for his ounce we'd yield : sliip would gronetofeele some sinners' freights 10 So ripe is Vice. my heauie penne to plaine in prose no head His garland wcares Yenvs' rose. THE AVTHOVE TO THE READER. so green is Vertue's bud The world doth waxe This makes Tliis in ill. .

In Addl. for ill' the reading is 'evill. I have punctuated accordingly. . in line 2 to hisin-ose. — ' . comma after held' and yield.422 reads fleghts query ' arrows' ? G.) after 'held.' Line 6. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.' ' ' Lines 4-5. and read we'd.' : line 4.g.) (. viz. ' to. ii. iv. — : 10 THE AVTHOVR TO THE READER. Peter's ship. MSS. ' .' on which see onward on the frequent occurrence of evil' for 'ill' and its pronunciation (St. and the sense and sentence ends at But {meo judicio) this sense is very like non-sense. But if we end with yield' ( or even :). Lines 1-4. 1596 and 1630. ' ' ' relative note). and a stanza after Southwell's wont. . line 1. ' ' ' .' Theames'^^ gives a theme or siibject.' and then suppose that the Poet's remembrance of St.) after freights. line 1.' and after bull. a comma weights. we get clear sense and sentences. line 5 ' ' ' ' ' ' . ' phere' ' = husband or companion . St.' thetical. which seems a somewhat ludicrous combination and the more so. ii. — St. the line Ounce freights. ill Fauour I my wish. 10.' and colon (:) after Or as in Turnafter yeeld.' mingles metaphors. his Mary Magdalen's Funerall Teares. cleere. St. Cloud not with mistie loues your orient Sweet fliglits you shoote.' and comma (. and not in Southwell's manner. Addl.. well-wishing workes no sute. . on a probable allusion to Shakespeare here one of several see our Memorial-Introduction. in 1596. for Tuknbull spoils the sense by misreading too' The reference in line 1 is to the Author's verse.' after weights. line 2. the moue the graunt rests in your Avill. 10.422. learne once to leuell right. e. ' iii. mss. — ' . Peter's draught and exclamation led him on to His ship freights (:)' as a second and allied thought. Peter's Complaint. st. If we read these lines as punctuated in 1596 and yield' must be parenby Tuknbull. Tuknbull has 'Justice:' it is 'Eqwitie's' in 1595. The same punctuation. that the difference of weight is given so exactly.' and period (. and represents one end of the balance with its weights as in St. and read we'd yield' instead of we yield.

fly from thy hart is "Worse then the worst of euils in. iny soulc. SAINT PETER'S CO-MPLAINT. that thou art.. Baptize thy spotted soule in weeping dew. recouer life with cryes. thoughts rent with guilty fcarcs : Giue Care the stcrne. Where sinne Avas liatcht. 1. . . Torment thy hauen. thy pilot . Launcu Torn forth. Shun not the shelfe of most deserued shame . Sticke in the sands of agonizing dread Content thee to be stormes' and hillowes' game Diuorct from grace. ship wrack thy best reward. wind : thy misdeede thy card . let not thy teares be few. Full fraught with griefe. let teares now wash the Where life was lost. Giue vent vnto the vapours of thy hrest. the trafficke of thy mind. . thy soule to pennanco wed. sailes will serue. into . That thicken in the brimmes of cloudie eyes nest.i maine of teares. Fly not from forraine euils. Thy trespassc foule. II. vse sighs in lieu of Remorse. .

V. Most teares I wish. fruites of mine vntruth. the infamy of Fame.r of mishap. A sorrie wight. The monument The The scorne of feare. of my theame VII. IV. of Time. plung'd in Follie's tide. that haue most cause to weepe. Iniurious to man. to God vngratefuU. Ambitious heads.. . Sad subiect sinne hath stoard my minde. 12 SAINT Peter's complaint. lieport the smart of sinne's infernall sting Tell hearts that languish in the sorriest plight. . to heauen hatefuU. With euerlasting matter of complaint My threnes an endlesse alphabet doe finde. There is on Earth a farre more sorry wight. Fly mournfull plaints. . dreame you of Fortune's pride. Beyond the pangs That eyes with errors AvJiich leremie doth paint. Fill volumes with your forged goddesse' prayse You Be Fancie's drudges. An excrement of Earth. the staine of place. the map of shame. the object of disgrace. the ecchoes of my ruth "Whose screeches in my frighted conscience ring Sob out my sorrowes. Text my thoughts. to sharpest griofes that euer wrung. mirrou. may iust measure kecpe. VI. . to my playning tung. to louers' lays : Devote your fabling wits you.

I fear'd with I left life. and most IX. A sea will scantly rince my Huge These liorours in high tides teare ordur'd soiile : must drowned be tole. Of euery my crime exacteth : staiiies are deepe few drops take out no such is Euen salue with sore. SAINT Peter's complaint. .—now and leaning God. feares feeling no mishaps faint! O false! X. that lost my hope in feare ? What trust to one.. the greatest vaunter seldome speeds. VIII. : ! . that thus my Hfe deni'd 1 What can I hope. not too much. if friends had fail'd. that Truth it selfe defi'd ? What good in him. : Alone Christ's hardest fortunes Giant in talke. but in vntruth and pride. faultie lapse! How can I Hue. : These feares I fond! fear'd. Such distance is betweene high words and deeds In proofe. to die. I vowd. . most accurst Vaine in my vaunts. that did his God forsweare? sinne of sinnes ! of euils the very worst ! matchlesse wretch O catilfe XI. I fear'd my I fear'd for heauenly raigne an earthly rod. by death left. Hke dwarfe in triall to abide quaild : ExcelHng none. : . to Hue my guide. breath to giue To breath in blisse. 13 All weeping eyes resigne your teares to me.

drownd in a sea of sowres. a moment all thou hast come. : : li SAINT Peter's complaint. Which growth So thrall in yeeres was shortly like to claim e. to . That gone. and misse so faire life an aymc 1 Die. life ! sweet drop. XIV. mother of XIII. change his choice. XII. . The borne-blind begger. A flying good. blind in seeing what Scone sowing shames that long remorse must reape: Nursing with teares that ouer-sight begat Scout of Repentance. time to haue and spare. posting to doubtfull end. did my Lord abiure. ill name. Lauisli in vowing. rashnes ! liastie rise to murdering leape. Ah. harbinger of blame. : One wonder wrought him after thousands. my loue. : . that I should thus escliue A vowed death. thy detest For sauing thine.: : . Ah. the rest. Could seruile feare of rendring Nature's due. Fast in his faith and loue to Christ remain'd He stooped to no feare. Treason to wisedome. for received sight. ere knowne. Still loosing months and yeeres to gaine few howres decrease Faine. yet forc't to spend Thy growth. XV. no threats his truth distain'd in his dutie sure. No I. die disloyall wretch. or past. thou hast forsworne the best. he fear'd no might.

20. May spoyle a good. a shade. Open to erring steps and strew'd with baits. SAINT Peter's complaint. 1 And I. To pay I. a blast. hellish dung to fertile heauen's desires no. this vnaccustom'd soyle. Caiphas' rage in crueltie surmount tliirtie Yet they esteemed pence His price worse then both.. Yet back her ofspring to their mother creepes. life ! the maze of countlesse straying waies. lining death. their purest streames with added gaines that drunke the drops of heauenly find. 15 Ah. Mat. Bemyr'd the Giuer with returning mud. But XIX. a never-turning streame. XVII. the marie that periuries do yeeld. And That could I rate so high a feare life so base ? Did with loue cast so vneven account. vnbeaten straights. With ISTo. The mother-sea. Is this the haruest of His sowing-toy le 1 Did Christ manure thy Or doth it heart to breede Him briers 1 ? neede. Him thrice. not fat a barraine field. Aloofe from Vertue's rough. for this goale I should runne ludas' race. a play.— To winde weake senses into endlesse strayes. from ouerflowing deepes. . XVI. A A flower. — . for nought denyd XVIII. Sends forth her issue by diuided vaines. a dreame.

God the mark at which my spight did fling. IG SAINT Peter's complaint. swords? And launct Him deeper then a thousand What rage of man. XXII. 1 Ah ! tongue. Was Are this for best deserts the duest nieede 1 1 Are highest worths well wag'd with stoutest spitefull hire vowes repeal'd in greatest neede 1 at the first affront. To brandish now thy tongue against thy Lord XXIII. Ah. Could haue disgorg'd more loathsome dregs of spite 1 . wretch ! why was I nam'd sonne of a done. that didst His prayse and Godhead sound. Blush. 16. spet thy poyson in thy Maker's face 1 Didst thou to spare His foes put vp thy sword. crauen sot. Were To all the Jewish tyranies too few 1 glut thy hungrie lookes with His disgrace That thou more hatefuU tyrannies must shew.. Mat. yea what infernall spirit. to That euerie word was His heart a wound. retire 1 Should friendship. How wert thou stain'd with such detesting Avords. gall ? No Whose speeches voyded spiglit and breathed kin I am unto the bird of loue My stonie name much better siites my fall : : My My othes were stones. lurke in eternall night Crouch in the darkest caves from loathed XXI. light. And loiiii iG. my cruell tongue the sling.

xxvii. no billowes were. all A puffe of woman's wind bred XXVI. Support a wretch more wauering then the wauesl Whom doubt Vnkind did plunge. why did the waters stay it 1 in kindnesse. no blasts. Mat. murthering while saues : Oh that this tongue had then been fishes' And I deuour'd. my feare. Were titles to excuse my staggering mind Stout feet might falter on that liquid floare : But heer no seas. like marble way. Ah ! whether was forgotten loue exil'd ? Where did the truth of pledged promise sleepel What in my thoughts begat this vgly child. food. feare their death by Avhom thou all euils liuest. Yet none repaide lohn is. . depths and seas. Rough gusts. giucst. Oh 1 no ! that stroke could but one moity kill was reseru'd both halfes at once to spill. That could through rented soule thus fiercely creepe? O viper. before this cursing mood XXV. u. thou . coward troups. whom blowescouldnotprouoke.. 17 Why did the j'eelding sea. ! There surges. XXIV. Whom thogh I taught how sore my weapon smarted. All good thy ruine's wreck. SAINT Peter's complaint. far better arm'd then harted ! Whom angrie words. vnfirmo by kind. and distance both from ship and shoare. me with a wounding stroke.

That with so soft a gale was ouerthrowne ? Am I Mark 9. XXX. Titles I make vntruths : am I a rucke. Incompatible brood in Vertue's neast matched. and XXXI. Courage can lesse with cowardise be breast. That cry'd so londe three dwellings . my mouth hath thrise His there to builde. make me yeeld. a maiden's easie breath my soule to death. Mat Mat! 17 11: ! dwell In Thabor's ioyes I eger was to pleasures' light did shine. soules that To guide their murdred thus mine owne 1 A rockc of ruiue. XXVIII. Fidelitie was flowne. And now. Prowesse nor loue lodg'd in diuided cast by a sillie Eue. : lost. A pastor.: : . Threats threw me not. Wounding my thoughts with I neither fought nor ! selfely dismayd. An earnest friend while But when eclipsed glorie prostrate fell. when feare was hatched. none assayd : My fray Avith shades conceits did feares . Mat. fit pastor for the faithfuU flocke. 16. borne to grieue Heire to thy father's foyles. and blast XXIX. Adam's child. torments I . not a rest to stay. did resigne These zealous heates to sleepe I name defil'd. not to feede but to betray. -^g SAINT Peter's complaint. I gaue the field Infamous foyle Did blow me downe.

SAINT Peter's complaint. In tydes they swim. XXXV. . Pyning of Old in the loue. . attending the distressefull hovver. So farre lukewarm off. My vaunts did seeme hatcht vnder Sampson's locks. Parted from Christ. Farre in neede with feeble foote they traine . in His care. XXXII. With His surchargM Me. sinne's soft-stealing pase The vndermining Seeming to bring euill of zealous thought. Ah. cradle. n Mark u. desires in crasie loue. no harmes. . coole remisnes ! Virtue's quartane feuer. sleepe clos'd my carelesse eye how Him my tongue should thrise denie. like myselfe. Yet woman's words did giue me murdring knocks. till all be brought. Presage breast did blesse the ground. my fainting force declin'd. beare thy begotten blame. Prostrate in pangs. but impotent 1 • 1 11- m proofe. Luke 22. low ebbes they scorne to proue They seeke their frienrls' delights... but is shun their : Hire of a hireling minde earned shame : [paine Take now thy due. . a drowsie friend He found. languor Soule's wilfull famine. With TT Huge lingring foot I followed Him • aloofe : Base feare out of • my hart His love vnshrin'd in high words. rayning a bleeding shower. XXXIV. Thrice. consumption of grace dying euer. XXXIII. 19 When Christ.

16. . O When hadst thou been the portresse to my toome. O lohn. words from coward's hart did courage And let in deathfull feares my soule to blinde . but to my sorer smart crost it. swell. 20 SAINT Peter's complaint. I gayned nought. death. : But danger did except against these clauses shunne. Danger I shunn'd. fauouring stay and bad danger flie. lohn 18. portresse of the doore of my disgrace. life. Whose Whose tongue vnlockt the truth of vowed minde chase. did counterplead their causes. Yet loue was loath to part. ! thou wert portresse to that cursed roome XXXVII. I. . and danger And lost myseKe while I my verdict wonne. (Where raylmg mouthes with blasphemies did With taynted breath infecting all resort. I liv'd.) Why didst thou lead me to this hell of euils. distance. Too well acquainted in so ill a Court. yet did my staying farthest part life. is of That runnes from God and spoyles his soule blisse 1 XXXIX. lohn 18. XXXVI. Stay. XXXVIII. but so. feare loath to die life. danger. V. but deeper damage worse then his What danger. that sauing I lost it . my guide unto this earthly hell. To shew my selfe a fiend among the deuils ? .. . I stayde. Yet stay and Hue I would.

XLI. doth easely runne. Whose crusted malice could admitte no grace Where coales were kindled to the warmers' cost Where feare my thoughts canded with ysie cold. 21 Euill president ! the tyde that wafts to vice Dumme The orator. Then bought thy warmth at such a damning price ! . . XLIII. that wooes with ill silent deeds.. "Writing in works lessons of aduise doing-tale that eye in practise reedes Taster of ioyes to vnacquainted hunger. SAINT Peter's complaint. Best suting hearts benumd with hellish frost. O had I in that Court much stronger so strong as first bin. Sharpe was the weather in that stormie place. that I rather had congeal'd to yse. Coach drawne with many horse. : Heate did my fire tongue to periuries vnfold. The number of offenders hides the sinne . XL. . . XLII. With leauen of the old seasoning the younger. Farre hotter flames did require to thaw it it. It seemes no fault to doe that all haue done . Thy hell-resembling heate did freeze worse. Or not to enter in. Soone followeth one where multitudes beginne. O hateful (ah ! that I euer saw it) ! Too hard my hart was frozen for thy force it .

milde Eeuenger of aspiring pride ! Thou canst dismomit high thoughts to low effects a cocke Thou mad'st me for my fault to chide. harnest with massie Yet Dauid's stone brought death into his braine : With staff and sling as to a dog he came. And with contempt did boasting furie tame.! . That thou my foyles wert made the clocke XLV. Whom hennish 1 cackling first did ouerthrowe. XLIV. rage did thunder threats in vaine plate. XLVII. My But frights and brutish heates it did asswage : in this alone. . . Weake weapons did Whose storming Goliah's fumes abate. to count vnhappy cocke. XLVI. His bodie huge. Reg. 22 SAINT Peter's compLxMnt. Well might a cocke correct me with a crowe. My lofty boasts this lowely bird corrects. lion's rage Mark H. 17. O bird ! the iust rebuker of faithfull The waker of my crime. my sleeping feares. Be now the daily clocke to strike the time. wakefull bird ! proclaimer of the day. Mat. To make me rew that first it made me knowe.. Whose pearcing note doth daunt the Thy crowing did myselfe to me be\vray. stinted eyes shall pay their taske of teares Wlien Vpbraide mine eares with thine accusing crowe. 26. .

. and arm'd with pearcing stings Smart. Was hist to death with words of woman's spight. Yet they in swarmes. . Selfe-ouerthrow. In Dauid's. XLVIII. skilful is might excus'd Goliah's foile : The death But on eas'd that worthy hand hath wrought. XLIX. Ldgfle!' . Or lend a marble ! glosse to muddy walls? : 2Rcff. annoyance. . Can vertue. SAINT Peter's complaint. in shunning blind : by fancie not . and Samson's With semblance of excuse my errour gild. True honour's staine loue's frost. roote of remorse : Sighted. . false friend. Salomon's. 23 Yet Dauid His had with beare and lyon fought. Feare ! abortiue impe of drouping mind . those deliuered from a woman's tongue. O no their fault had shew of some No veyle can hide the shame of my pretence offence. lives in all whom infamies must light. by force Ague of valour . L. the LI. phrensie of the wise . 8. strength. made his courage droupe : No And small incombrance such small vermine brings I quaild at words that neither bit nor stung. Ah. Exod. honourable spoyle Some honour I. by women spild falls. wisdome. Small gnats enforst th' Egyptian king to stoupe. . mint of lies. noyse. in seeing euils Foil'd without field.ii.

yet not to damne so deepe. . . These Syrens' sugred tunes rockt them asleepe : Enough to damne. Their lookes. . Now murdring with your toungs. by seeing conceiued loue . . LII. . vnknowne : So base a blast my to truth hath ouerthrowne. traps for their falls . now with your loth. loue.. that blest where they beheld. LIII. Still actors in all tragicall mischances [glances Earth's necessarie euils. The theeues of harts false do you lone or LV. Parents of and loue. Lord ! Thine eyes with mine did meete. : . captiuing thralls. but feare. . swallowed pleasure's hookes Thus beautie. O women ! woe men . that made misfortune sweet. spoylers of both. ill grac't. Into my guiltie thoughts pourd floods of gall Their heauenly looks. but senses did surprize feare of woman's. Darts of disdaine and angrie checks did yeeld. 24 SAINT Peter's complaint. Luke 22. life. despis'd. and pleasure them did moue. LIV. my Not feare of force. Not loue. The blaze of beautie's beames allur'd their lookes oft. In them I read the mines of my fall Their chearing rayes. But gracious features dazled not mine eyes Two homely droyles were authors of my death : . In time. Loue.breath And those vnarm'd. by affecting. .

my noAv famisht breast. Sweet volumes. LVII. My cold. . Where Wherein blissfull quires imparadize their minds. ^VTiere to be lost the sweetest finding is LVIII. were euer pittiers of LIX. LVI. redrest And That happy ioyes my ! rutli ! that they erst now are heralds of disdaine. Or your heauenly beanies look on my hell t But those vnspotted eyes encountred mine. the registers of truth How Ah ! oft haue I in their my hungrie wishes fed. to feast. yet seeking all it finds : How endlesse is your labyrinth of blisse. The earthly heauens where angels ioy to dwell. Ah wretch ! how oft haue I sweet lessons read ! In those deare eyes. E . to wound. As spotlesse sunne doth on the dunghil shine. You nectar'd aumbryes of soule-feeding meates You gracefull quiuers of loiie's dearest darts You did vouchsafe to Avarme. 25 sacred eyes ! the springs of lining light. eternall studie neuer faints.! . Still finding all. my paino You flames diuine. tliat sparkle out your heats. How could you deigne to view let my deathfull plight. stoard with learning fit for saints. And kindle pleasing fires in mortall harts . my stony. SAINT Peter's complaint.

light'ning flames of loue. delight ! . whom sinne and shame defac't. Tlie matchlesse eyes. Which Yet sweet at their looks did yeeld like melting snowe They did not are ioyes in former plentie carue. starue. matcht onely each by other. You seeing. . Which Yea. salue. direct your beames on mee. and being seene. LX. The cabinets of grace vnlockt their treasure. crums where pined thoughts doe LXII. Were pleas'd on my ill matched eyes to glaimce The eye of liquid pearle. lining mirrours ! seeing Whom you shew. more worth then is all you see. equal shadows worths with shadowed things. These blazing comets. make By being shap't in those life-giuing springs Much more my image in those eyes was grac't. Broach't teares in mine to weepe for my mischance. My frozen hart their sacred force did proue. you make things worth the sight. . By seeing things. Then in myselfe. And did to my misdeed their mercies measure. Made me their warming influence to knowe . things nobler tlien in natiue hew. Lxin. LXI.. With quickning vertue cure my killing vice. Of which one the other's onely price 1 worthlesse am. the purest mother. All-seeing eyes. : 26 SAINT petek's complaint.

learn'd softnes in Thine eye. that I had now such neede LXVII. to learne it suunes ! all but youi'selues in Hght excelling. y. still possest their hardned minds. that loue Which yron Oflfring them with loue wil buy. ! To plung my soule in these congealed streames . yet they could not discerne But woe. ! . with a looke.. Witnesse vnworthie who in a looke all Learn'd more by rote. all sciences can teach. cant. Where saints reioyce to glasse their glorious face. 7. whose absence causeth night Whose neighbour-course brings Sommer. knots of stubborne will vnbinds. Whose banks make eccho to the angels' quires An eccho sweeter in the sole rebound. LXVI. . SAINT feter's complaint.. Where happie spirits cliue in sweet desires. angels' Then musick in the fullest sound ! LXV. 3. In cipherd words high mysteries disclosing Which. Whose distant periods freeze away delight. Though malice I. 27 O pooles of Hesebon . loue. Whose presence. . then the Scribes by book. the baths of grace. Whose textes to faithfuU harts need little glosing I. Ah ! that I lost your bright and fostring beames. day. O eyes ! whose glaunces are a silent speach. cold expelling. though too hard. it This did I learne. LXIV.

loue.. out-cast from these worlds. What mixtures these sweet elements do yeeld. . Both sute a place where all best things abound And if a banisht wretch ghesse not amisse. LXVIII. The motion. no distemper marres seas. .sunne. from tire. ! All but one compound frame of perfect blisse LXXI. little worlds ! the summes of all the best. Let happie worldlings of these worlds expound Best simples are by compounds farre exceld. whose center. God. 1 From land of life stray'd pilgrim still I know the cause these worlds had neuer : In which my faults haue liest deseru'd to dwell. . a loue heauen. — that round about vs rowles ! spheres of loue. — light of life that grace. Where fire. allvertues. saint. Avander. — a cope that none can mis. — whose whose springs. LXX. I. [showers. Where glorie. from heauen. O gratious spheres ! where loue the center is. from those sweet waters' kindly home. stars. . The water. that next to heauen doth rest — Ayre. whose Cloth Nature's earth with euerlasting flowers. and motion. . cold salamander. hell. loue. : 28 SAINT Peter's complaint. A natiue place The for our selfe-loaden soules couipasse. cope. exUM rome Poore Lost fish. Is loue of us. loue that inuites deuotion LXIX..

!

;

;

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXII.

29

Betlielem-cestems

!

Dauid's most desire,
;

2neg.2a.

From which my
To
1

sinnes like fierce Philistims keep

fetch your drops

what champion should
Avithered hart

I hire,
1

That I therein

my

may

steepe
:

would not shed them

like that holy

king

His were but types, these are the figured thing.
LXXIII.

O

turtle-twins

!

all

bath'd in virgins milke,

^ant

5 v

Vpon the margin of full-flowing banks, Whose gracefidl plume surmounts the finest silke, Whose sight enamoureth heauen's most happy ranks
Could I forsweare
That cag'd in
this

"'

^^•

:

heauenly payre of doues,

care, for

me were
LXXIV.

groning loues

Twise Moses' wand did strike the stubborne rock, ^^^ Ere stony veynes would yeeld their crystall blood; ''•*^Thine
eyes'

j^

one looke seru'd as an onely knocke.

To make
"Wlierein

my

hart gush out a weeping flood

my

sinnes, as fishes,

spawne their

frie,

To shew

their

inward shames, and then to
LXXV.

die.

But

how long demurre I on His eyes Whose look did pearce my hart with healing wound,
!

Launcing imposthumd sore of periur'd

lyes,

Which these two issues of mine eyes have found Where rimne it must, till death the issues stop,
iVnd penall
life

hath

piu-g'd the finall drop.

;

;

;;

30

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXVI.

Like

solest swan, that

swims in

silent deepe,
;

And

neuer sings but obsequies of death

Sigh 'out thy plaints, and sole in secret weepe,

In suing pardon, spend thy periur'd breath
Attire thy soul in sorrowe's mourning weede,

And

at thine eyes let guiltie conscience bleede.

LXXVII.
'Still

in the limbecke of thy dolefull brest
fruits that

These bitter

from thy sinnes doe grow;

For

fuell, selfe-accusing

thoughts be best

Vse

feare as

fire,

the coals let penance blow

And

seeke none other quintessence but teares,
at thine eares.

That eyes may shed what entred
LXXVIII.

Come

sorrowing teares, the ofspring of

my

griefe,

Scant not your parent of a needfull ayde

In you I

rest the

hope of wisht rehefe,
:

By you my
Your power

sinnefuU debts must be defrayd

preuailes,

your

sacrifice is gratefidl.

By

loue obtaining

life to

men most
LXXIX.

hatefull.

Come good

effects of iU-deseruing cause.

Ill-gotten imi^es, yet vertuously

brought forth

;

Selfe-blaming probates of infringed lawes,

Yet blamed

faults

redeeming with your worth;
read,

The

signes of

shame in you each eye may

Yet, while you guiltie proue, you pittie plead.

;

;

;

SAINT Peter's complaint. LXXX.

31

beames of mercie
Bring

!

beate on sorrowe's clowd,

Poure suppling showres vpon
forth,

my

parched ground;

the fruite to your due seruice vowde,
:

Let good desires with like deserts be crownd

Water young blooming Vertue's tender
Sinne did
all

flower,

grace of riper growth deuoure.

LXXXI.

Weepe balme and myrrhe, you sweet Arabian trees, With purest gummes perfume and pearle your ryne
Shed on your honey-drops, you busie bees
I,

;

barraine plant, must weepe vnpleasant bryne,
salt

Hornets I hyue,

drops their labour plyes,
eyes,

Suckt out of sinne, and shed by showring
LXXXII.
If Dauid, night

by

night, did bathe his bed.

Ps.

6,

V.7.

Esteeming longest dayes too short to mone
Inconsolable teares
if

Anna

shed,

Who
Then

in her sonne her solace

had forgone
yeeres,

I to dayes

and weekes,

to

monthes and

Do owe

the hourely rent of stintless teares.
LXXXIII.

If loue, if losse, if fault, if spotted fame.

If danger, death, if wrath, or wreck of weale,

Entitle eyes true heyres to earned blame,

That due remorse in such euents conceale

Then want As chiefest

of teares might well enroll
saint in calender of shame.

my

name,

;

;

;;

;

32

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXXIV.

Loue, where I lou'd, Avas due, and best deseru'd

No
IS'o

loue could aynie at more loue- worthy niarke

loue more lou'd then mine of

Hhn

I seru'd

Large vse
This loue I Yea,
life is

He

gaue, a flame for euerie sparke.

lost, this losse

a

life

must rue
is

short to pay the ruth

due.

LXXXV.
I lost all that I had,

who had

the most,
:

The most
I staynd

that will can wish, or wit deuise

I least perform'd, that did

most vainely boast,

my

fame in most infamous wise.
of teares tlien this I proue

What

danger then, death, Avrath, or wreck can moue
1

More pregnant cause

LXXXVI.
G«n.
3,v. 7.

If

Adam
men

sought a veyle to scarfe
fall to feare

liis

sinne,

Taught by his
If
shall

a scourging

hand
in.

wish that

hils

should wrap them
to

When
]\Iy

crimes in finall

doome come

be scand

Wliat mount, what caue, what center can conceale
monstrous
fact,

which euen the birds reueale
LXXXVII.

?

Come shame,
The mulct
at

the liuerie of offending minde.
that ouershadoweth blame
faults are iustly fin'd
;
;

The vgly shroude
The dampe

which foule

of sinne, the

common
their

sluce of fame.

By which iniposthum'd tongues

humours purge

;

Light shame on me, I best deserue the scourge.

;

:

:

SAINT Peter's complaint.
LXXXVIII.

33

Caine's murdering liand imbrudc in brother's blood,

<!<'ii.

4.

More mercy then my

im])ious tongue

may

craue

He
But

kild a riuall with pretence of good,

In hope God's doubled lone alone
feare so spoyld

to haue.

That periurde

my vanquisht thoughts oathes my spightfull hate did
LXXXIX.
to flye,

of louo,

prone.

Poore Agar from her pheere enforc't

Wandring
Layd

in Bersabeian wildes alone.
helj)les

Doubting her child throgh
it

drought would
to

die,

aloofe,

and

set her

downe

moane

:

The heauens with

prayers, her lap with teares she fild
is

;

A

mother's loue in losse

hardly

stild.

xc.

But Agar, now bequeath thy

teares to

me

;

Feares, not effects, did set afloate thine eyes.

cion.

2-.>.

But, wretch, I feele more then was feard of thee

;

Ah

!

not

my

sonne,

my

soule

it is

that dyes.
:

It dyes for drought, yet

hath a spring in sight
line,

Worthie

to die, that

would not
xci.

and might.

Faire Absalon's foule faults, compar'd with mine,

2 ncs.
;

1

Are brightest sands to mud of Sodome Lakes High aymes, yong spirits, birth of royall line.

Made him play false where kingdoms were the stakes

He

gaz'd on golden hopes,

whose
to

lustre winnes,

Sometime the grauest wits

greeuous sinnes.

;

:

;

!

34

SAINT PETERS COMPLAINT.
XCII.

But

I,

whose crime cuts
l^ingdome
lost,

off

the least excuse,
;

A
My

but hop't no mite of gaine

highest marke was but the wortlxlesse vse

Of some few

lingring howres of longer paine.

Vngratefull child, his parent he pursude,
I,

gyants' warre with

God Himselfe
XCIII.

renude.

Mat. 22.

loy, infant saints,

whom

in the tender flower
!

A
Long
Too

happie storm did free from feare of sinne
is

their life that die in bhsfull

hower
:

loyfull such ends as endlesse ioyes begin

long they Hue that

Hue

till

they be nought

Life sau'd

by

sinne, base purchase dearely

bought

xciv.

This

lot

was mine

;

your fate was not so fearce.

Whom
Sweet

spotlesse death in cradle rockt asleepe

roses,

mixt with

lilies,

strow'd your hearce.
;

Death virgin-white

in martyrs' red did steepe
pearles

Your downy heads, both

and rubies crownd

My
You

boarie locks, did female feares confound.

xcv.

bleating ewes,— that wayle this woluish spoyle

Of sucking lambs new-bought with bitter throwes,—
T' inbalme your babes your eyes distill their oyle,

Each hart
Yeeld ruth to

to

tombe her child wide rupture showes

Itue not their death,

whom

death did but

reuiut>,,

me

that liu'd to die aliue.

let your prayers perfume that sweetned place to the wildest chase. them both. lothsome wretch ! : detested of xcix. Or hart deflowr'd a virgin's love redeeme ? The mother nothing loues that Sonne doth loath Ah. Turne me with tygers . Disrob'd of grace. Though I despisde. the sweet renowned payre. Or staine those steps where lesus breath'd and trode? No . displaid Pride's fayrest flags. am wrapp'd in Adam's XCVII. 1 Or sent my reeking hellish steeme Can Mother like what did the Sonne abiure. That sindonlesso aside did naked slip Once naked grace no outward garment knew Eiche are his robes 1. sister nymphes. that in vaunts. SAINT Peter's complaint. .: . blesse Bethania bounds. When. xcvi. traytor to the Sonne in mother's eyes sute for grace. still my speech endure. rags. with your aboade ! That Shall I infect that sanctifikl ayre. whom sinne did neuer strip. arise. ! But ah ! how can her eares breath. ? I shall present my humble Wliat blush can paint the shame that will Or write my inward feelings on my face Might she the sorrow with the sinner see. my griefe might pittied bee XCVIII. 35 With easie losse sharpe wrecks did he escliew.

raught : Our cedar now is shrunke into a shrub. hell. . welcome howre . In woman's tongue our runner found a rub. Could I reuiued Lazarus behold. caged in their mew. My rotten twist was broken with a word. faints : seeme to see a messenger from That my prepared torments comes to CI. (say they) is riuen . loim 11. Mat. ! Our eagle's wings are dipt that wrought so hie Our thundring cloude made noyse. cm. The third orf that sweet trinitie of saints. John Of ! James ! wee made a triple cord three most loumg and best loucd friends . not euer true though often spoken.— 36 SAINT PETER'ii COMPLAINT. C. Would not astonisht dread ! my senses hold 1 Ah I yes my hart euen with his naming. tell. — now impiously forsworne. that out I threw In Jesvs' name. but cast no showre He prostrate lyes that would hane scal'd the skio. My periuries were And now Our rocke they heape disdaines on my mischaunce. CII. The dispossessed Triumph to see devils. : me Trampling my mines with contempt and scorne musick to their daunce. Fit It is now to fuell fire among the fiends. 16. is That triple-twisted cord hardly broken.

The Avrecke of soules. those loues to hates are chang'd. angels turnes to deuils. But sights and loues did my misdeed withdraw. was templed in my thought. my word the lie Once. and but once. . 37 CIV. Christ. author of our exile. cvi. the cause of hell. Profaned wretch ! His sight. too deare a once to twice it : A heauen in earth. the wares that fiends doe sell to monsters. sinne ! the nothing that doth all things file. Ah. saints neere myselfe I saw sight. These scornefuU words vpbraid my inward thought. [choise Ah. Sweet was the but sweeter loues did spice it. to frights. He lent mine eyes their dearest light to ruine brought. to hell and deuils estrang'd. all rights. as my God.: ! ! . Parent of death.: SAINT PETER S COMPLAINT. self-ruine. : Proofes of their damned prompters' neighbour-voice Such vgly guests still wait vpon the nought Fiends swarm to soules that swaruc from Vertue's For breach of plighted truth this true I trie . As man. But sinne His temple hath And now He lighteneth terrour from Now of my lay vnconsecrate desires. From heauen and Those sights saints. that my deed thus gaue cv. Earth's curse. That men Wrong of roote of euils. . defile Outcast from heauen. cvii. I taste the earnest hires.

harnies . yet euer done amisse yet nnto all a foe all. toyl. Entring with ease. yet banishing from blisse . subscribed with despaire. yet losse. Which man could owe. . all Night of our thoughts. . . Shot. wound. And search with linxes' eyes what lay within. .. 0. but onely CXI. Seeming a Serued with lieauen. yet more then God can doe . A thing most done. the world's entangling net. death of good desires : Worse then al this. Daily new Friended of done. Vgly in death. cix. ex. God This fawning viper. paying nought but paine. in effects from that the showes abode . not easily wonne to part. without present smart prouing in fine a lode seeming light. With many mouthes doth now vpbraid my My sight Avas vaild I myselfe confounded. . Far. . Man's deepest though false-esteemed gaine. fires A Our moment's ioy ending in endlesse nature's scum. though life did faine it faire. Then did I Then could see the disinchanted charmes : I cut th' anatomic of sinne. CVIII. dum till till he had wounded. worse then all tongues can say defray. . 38 SAINT Peter's complaint. forfeiture of heauen ! eternall debt. Endorct with hope. without noyse First.

CXIII. All things characters are to spell my fall What eye doth read without. that liides deatli in deceits. back to my hart their sorrowes send circling griefes runne round without an end. The eare conueyes it backe into the cxv. Thus gripes in all my parts doe neuer fayle. 39 ex 1 1. to pensiue thought is gall. reades mournfull lessons to my hart. My guiltie eye still seemes to see my sinne. Which when the thought would by the tongue digest. . Bewitcliing Still euill. the same doth to my tongue impart.. 8AINT Peter's complaint. made me to myselfe a hell. borrowing lying shapes to maskc thy I the deciphring of thy sleights Now know A Thy cunning. . My Thus tongue. What I ingrosse they traffique by retayle. What hart doth rue. : Making each others' miseries theu' gaines care. cxiv. . My My My eye. the message in the eares doth sound eares. All bound for euer prentices to Whilst I in shop of shame trade sorrowe's ware. is Whose onely league now in bartring paines . . My hart. face. hart rues within. . dearely bought with losse of grace : sugred poyson That thou hast now hath wrought so well. doth to my thought the greefes expound thought. brest.

Peter [there ? From whence 1 From Wliat rent 1 Caiaphas' house. CXVIII. A A But who 1 man 1 O no rocke how : A ! wretch. What gaine ! Vnrest. of scandale. 1 scorn'd to graffe in stock of meaner sap . denoted to mishap Eent from the roote that sweetest fruite did giue. Pleasd with displeasing I wealthiest lot. too dear Fit teares ! will you receiue to plaine it? What Come shall in. Whose heavenly roote hath true reuiuing power. nor yet his oAvne. One worthiest of blame. we giue : 1 and times mee say they Thus Griefes did entertaine me. CXVII. . and feare. not God's. am when to richest in remorse To fetch my ware no seas nor lands I range For customers buy at I nothing force are : My home-bred goods still home bought and sold. And in me my now interest I hold. a beast ? much worse : what creature ! 1 call'd The rocke cxix. one unworthy be knowne What one 1 say they. Ah ! dwell you it. No iuyce can ioy me but of lesse floAver. . . bvit now would leaue 1 My soule. My comfort is comfortlesse to Hue : In orphan state. At Sorrowe's dore I knockt : they crau'd to my name : : I aunswered. : 40 SAINT PETEU'S COMPLAIKT. Deare purchase Ah.. Sinne's farme I rented there. CXVI. I seek no change .

Dayes pass in I plaints. cxx. Sinne's eldest child it bred racke for guiltie thoughts. Suspence of loues. vouchsafing captiue soule to bayle. Death's allye. ! Benumning sense of ill. Not such my sleepe. . obliuion of teares. balme of angry sore. Silence of passions. a bit for Avild The scourge that whips. I sleepe in waking-woes. Brokenly telling tales rightly foretold. with quiet slumbers CXXII. : SAINT Peter's complaint. To make dum-shewes with worlds of anticke sights. heart's Senses' calmest shore. Casting true griefes in fansie's forging mold.. the night without repose wake to weepe. and soules' reprieuall from all cumbers. Sorrow. while life hath sense. . CXXIII. Creating strange chymeras. but whisperer of dreames. storme's Wrath's lenitue. In wonted See degraded loues enstall. fayning frights Of day-discourses giuing fansie theames. This sleepe most fitly suteth Sorrowe's bed. ease. . euill. . cxxi. 41 With them I rest true prisoner in their layle. the smart of Best. . Cliayn'd in the yron linkes of basest thrall Till (Irace. the salue that cures when vnkind in killing who A offence Sorrow. Sleepe. my bed and home. Ct . securitie of feares.

If King Manasses. the tombe. a zealous will.. . feare The mourners. I would. carelesse of ioyes Euing life's losse. the herse-cloth. it And lowly creepe. mother in tender hart. Attentiue to rebukes. pitie. . I will. I dare not say. my soule the corse. Keuiue and saue me. grace. The beere. The herse. . cxxv. light to the blind. in blacks of deepe remorse. thoughts. deafe to Pensiue to foster cares. . A poore my ill. 1 sliould. In silent lonenesse burying worldly noyse reliefes. Here solitarie Muses nurse my griefes. Whom Father in weeping winnes. AVith plaints and teares recouered grace and crowne A worme some mild haue to mend regard may winne. cxxiv. Christ ! health of feuer'd soule. slaine with sinnefull dart CXXVII. vnder death's dreary roofes Solemnizing my funerall behoofes. heauen of the mind. ! : 42 SAINT Peter's complaint. knill. repentant sorrow moues care. the priest. sunke worthless in depth of sinne. and dolefull sighes the cxxvi. feeble. Force of the Guide to the wandring foote. Penance. an humble hojie. where flying threw desire I downe. my dole. nurse of infant loues. A selfe-contempt the shroude. loue and mercie beare : My teares.

Lord. cxxx. Most humbly beg release of earned smart. Deepe sighs. crost armes. CXXVIII. Then will I dare the most and vow the best. my is my harme. cxxix. Feares Avould despaires. measure mine offence Let true remorse Thy due reuenge abate Let teares appease when trespasse doth incense Let pittie temper Thy deserued hate let loue forget Let grace forgiue. I dare not say. bent knee and contrite hart. And sauiug shroud in Mercie's sweet repaires. ruth. ! My pride is checkt. Prone looke. . Lazar at Pitie's gate I vlcer'd lye. breed a hopelesse rage. and then bid what Thou wilt. With mildnes. my fall : With feare I craue. . . . Worke with me what Thou of me doos't request.. If iustice should my wrongs with rigor wage. high words the speaker Thy gift. My good. but 43 wish I may. My rags beares witnes of my poore estate : The wormes Prone that of conscience that within plaints are lesse then me swarme. . SAINT PETER'8 COMPLAINT. with hope I humblie call. I will. dew'd eyes and prostrate [prayers. cxxxi. lesu. Thy strength my stay Give what Thou bidst. Craning the reffuse crums of childrens' plate My sores I lay in view to Mercie's eye. spilt. thick sobs.

' Line . ' Addl. Turnbdll modernises Card. 4. or in the English part of any dieoriginal is Here the ' mon ' Quadi-ant et ma ' .' for though Quadi-ant is not found in Cotgkave. Eedeeme my Let lapse with raunsome of Thy loue. a sailing or sea-card. if my card and compass doe not fail Ware neer the Port.' (The Triumph ' of Faith. cleanse this defiled denne. On the other hand. and some the other. and Carte marine.422 spells 'maigue. or that it has these meanings attached to it in any English dictionary. i. ms. in Italian. quoted by Dyce in Sure. or Quadrant.' See also quotations from Halduyt and Sir H. St.' ' ' in lieu' into instead. is the more usual. Compass. or Spanish. 10. yet Boussole is given as a Pilot's Dyall. Mainwaring in Hunter's New Illustrations of Shakespeare. Sometimes. others that it is the card' of the mariner's compass. doome suspend sorrowes succour moue. Carta de marear (Minsheu). though changeling I oflfend. as in Sylvester's translation of his Shakespeare Glossary ' Du Bartas. rigor's frailtie fauour. Be Tender I'Jiou Thyselfe. a leafe of a book. or rather that of map. Also a plaing card. my debts. In Florio's World of Words (1611) we find Carta any paper. Cancell my sute.' that the card' or carta is a chart. of course. however. of these senses.). French.' Other dictionaries give the same. there are passages which demand some one. Also a carde. Carta da nauicdrc (Fl. line 1. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. the former sense. . Also &c. 5.' and quadrant' answers to compass . a map. Some have said ' .: ! 44 SAINT Peter's complaint.) Carte marine. CXXXII. maine = sea. While. and Halliwell is right in gi\Ting both.. Traiierse th' inditenient. the determinative adjective is omitted. say Amen The ende of Saint Peter's Complaint. and hence piit for the comiiass itself. sweet lesu. though I cannot find that the word is used for the card of the compass or compass itself.

' What if.' ' Lines 5-6.' Sac.' very much spirit' is as in Scotland devil' is pronounced deU. ' ' . ' ' ' St. ' . 45 Nares quotes from Beaumont and Fletcher's Chances (i. ii. The card and compasse tliat fi'om shipwracke saves where the allusion to one person. his haven.' Line 5.' And in ' Fletcher's Loyal Subject we send ye find (iii. the places to be avoided. line 1. As they do to the north. mispi-ints . i. a misprint . All our endeavours and our motions. or of his course. in ' Southwell (' Our Ladle's Natiuitye'). show that the words mean the compass -card and needle. though from the word ports. as perhaps we ought to do with the text. as above in Our Ladle's Natiuitye.' as the compass-card. yet there are passages which admit of no other. 4) be a misprint for di-am of e'il' fits in with the context.SAiXT Peter's complaint. or of ' . tiouary. And elsewhere.' writes euill' Southwell not ' ill and there inasmuch as as a monosyllable seems to ticeable herein. .' I caU it for throughout in all the mss. .' It may also be doubtful in the present instance but as the misdeed is not so much a chart of his haven. 11). In some passages the author's meaning may be doubtful as in Macbeth. I With your own virtues season'd and my prayers The card of goodness in your minds. In Hamlet's speak by the card' the word is used in a third and very different sense. Wlien ye sail false the needle touched with honour. That through the blackest storms still points at happiness. so I believe it to be the same here. that shews ye . 3. and early is editions. ' We're all like sea cards.' and as pronounced sprite. something noby him of euUl' i^rove that the contemporary jn-onunciation (in verse at least) was as if written 'e'il. as the standing constant guide pointing to torment.' Loadstarr of all engolfd in woi'ldly wanes. Your bodies. after all the guesses of the Shakesperean commentators. the determining context loadstar. Turnbull misprints the' for thy. and as card' is used by our i)oet. the much-contested dram of eale'' evil or ill ? It (Hamlet. if.' I am inclined to think that the seaman's card is his chart and this will appear. still point at beauty. ' this constant use ' ' ' ' ' ' = ' ' ' ' .' and the verb in the singular. we transpose the two lines ending blow' and know. See our Memoj-ial-Introduction for numerous examples of evill' requiring to be read as e'il. 2). shclfe = a ledge of rock. Turnbull ' ills' for ' euils. i.

' these are fears' in their objective sense. where 'be. 1595 and 1596 punctuate ' ' . Ah. XV. So too in one at line 6 . Line 5. Tlnj trespasse foiile (is).. Chaucer St. to fear.). though of the ' ' and leaving God' part doubting. ' St. n. iii. line 1. Luke xv. the second fears are fears subjective.' I taking 'plaints' as the nominative have punctuated ruth not ruth. after the noun to which the descriptive sentence applies and so elsewhere. penance =. it ' in the same sense. s. and (. somewhat obscure.g. . 125. St. v. If taken as part of the fii'st. xvi. as before. I have put (!) after life. as in st.' . also use line 5. line 1. penitence.46 SAINT Peter's complaint.) after 'life. simply ' Ah life. sorrows —fruits of mine untruth. Turnbull misprints in' for ' to. line 3. Then is now left' to be at all. Tliese fearcs . I have followed the punctuation of 1595 and 1596 here.' Cf. ' have ventured to read ' few' for ' new' of 1595 and 1596. St. line 3. the ellipse requii-es (and am) left &c. the substantival form of the causal verb. 'plaints. St. Turnbull grossly misprints themes. to make to fear =z these fear-causing things . Line 10. i-iv.e. X. through the feeling ' or belief that the cause so determined avoided disaster. ii.) or by no stop give' should have (. e. alluding to the threnes' or lac. he puts (!) after Ah' and (. Line 4.' as in Psalm cxix. for St. life !' Turnbull now over-punctuates and now under and mis-punctuates. = equal or equalise. vii. Kichaedson. line 6. lines 1-4. Peter's Remorse. Wicklif (St.' For = for sake of. or the fears felt and acted on. xiv.. ix. 77. Turnbull again badly misprints ' ' ' sign' for ' raigne. I = for sake of. where the stanzas (and in the lines) commence with a letter of the Hebrew ali^habet in succession. st. ' and 'tell. line 4 st. .' St. line 6.) after Ah.' and. versions. St. while taken as jiart of this second clause ? or should it close the first ? Either way there is no essential difference in the sense. ending with give' ? In such case God should either be followed by (. line 3. is an irregular ellipse.^ to 'sob.' and so throughout. or perhaps taken out of the succeeding St. etien. iii.' 'report. line 1.' i. act. viii. &c. the construction is ' Is second clause. Threnes .C.' ' mentations c. iv.' (being). 7) and least of the B. ' St.

there had to be added. as to the mother of water. Looking word unaccustomed. the deep' of Southwell. and commeth out of the mother.' as Isidore saith. whereof 'all things that hath shape and forme should be shaped and formed.' and from which it would appear that either of the elements of earth or water were according to the onlination gift of God formed. lines 1-6. xiii. i. or els they be foode and nourishing of ealtnesse of the sea. abyssus' is deepnesse of water unseene. lines 1-6. that sweete waters that runne into the Sea. if we may judge from Batman's quotations from Isidoee. ' to the ' = ' . never-turning' not a misprint as might be supposed for ever-turning . however. But besides the mother-sea or main-ocean. Turnbull misprints again bind' for wind' (of 1595 and 1596). which might have been wi-itten 'ne'er-returning. ' ' 47 Line 3. sayeth. and of the authorised version.' St. combined the two views and this would appear from the word added' to have been that which Southwell had been taught.' and to the parallelism of unaccustomed soil and barren field. That they come agayne by privie veynes of the earth. or whether the hidden veins from the Sea to the well-heads were subsidiary to the hidden veins from the abyss or overflowing deep. . ' upon Bartholome. the ahyssus. 11 but the views as to its nature and position appear to have been vague and varied. Compare Batman. Some. cap. that is the Sea.' but never returning. xix. Line 6. Gen. according to early Christian philosophy. 2 and vii. : ' The construction may be doubtful. line 3. 3.' it would seem the heart is the soil. ' ' = ' The old philosophy believed that the filtered back through narrow chinks. xviii. cap. 7. and giving an erroneous interpretation). Neither does it seem to have been settled whether this Abyss formed part of the general circulation spoken of above. According to some. 13 but according to Augustine. Ub. xiii.' Cf. i. Jerome saith (when wi-iting on Eccles. and re-appeared in springs e.: SAINT PETER S COMPLAINT. ' ' ' ' . Ub. xviii. doth this unaccustomed soil need it. be consumpt and wasted by heat of the sunne. 22 and 23. 3). to the well-heades. useof turning' in quotation from Batman in our next note on st. But our Ecclesiastes. made of naught. the maker of waters.g. Philosophers tell. and the construction. ocean . and thereof come and spring wells and rivers for out of the deepnes come all waters. abyssus' is the primordial matter. lib. and walmeth and springeth out in well-heades' (Batman St. and turne againe thereto by priuy waies.

.. 'Infamous.) lib. line 5. 117.) after need. and she wexeth woode [=wud] in lyking of increase. son of a dove . the whelpes abideth not covenable time nor kinde passing. 3. not an under-pinning or under-propping. Of this serpent Isidore speaketh is ' = . The very frequent inversions in Southwell favour this view. xxix. that the male doeth his mouth into the mouth of the female . ' = body may and soul . SAINT teter's complaint. as in the text. 'That ' ' St. line 3. Matthew xvi. xxviii. XXV. line 6. viper' rending the ' A reference to the myth-simile of the womb of its mother shows that the reading not mines' but ruine's :' all good is the wreck of thy ruin or ruining just as a rock of ruin in next stanza is a rock of ruining. xxvii.' ' Turnbull once more ' loses the ' antithesis as between there' and here' by misprinting These. line 1.'' Turnbull confuses all by mis- these' for thou. xxiv.' St. 42 is with gi-eater probability taken to represent Bar-Johannan printing ' = son of God's grace. . for she bringeth when hir wombe draweth to the time of whelping. To stay to support restrainiugly. lines 3-6. XX. biteth off the head of the male. Tuknbull misprints dii'est' for duest. and they come so into this world with strength. Ixxxv. St. and so both male and female are slaine. Vipera is a manner kinde of Berpents that is full venemous. line 5. St.' If 'lavu of St. but gnaweth and fretteth the sides of their dam. It is said. lib. xii. or rock causing ruin. rest support and he made narrowed rests round about. as do the stays' of a ship's mast: in st. line 1. tJiou.' ' infamy' in st. xxi. 17 represent ' ' ' the Hebrew Jonah. and so inst. ' stay' in the sense of a restraining support is properly a side or inclined support. line 5. and assuming it to he coiTect I have punctuated (. and saith. xviii. Bar-Jonah is. ' hath that name.' ' both halfes' mites' of the old Puritans that all St.' (Batman upon Bartholome. and the better reading 'Iwdfi'ov of St..' but by the analogy of the lxx. that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house' (1 Kings vi. and elsewhere. and with the death of the breeder. xxvi. 6). line 1. John i. 1. xlviii. cap. it has more the simple sense of restraining (from the plunge) for a = ^ ' . There. the ' two give the Lord. xxii. St. the fertilising with hellish dung. : ' line 4: but St. that Vipera forth broode by strength : for St.48 viz.

line 5. stinted. he is' and bliss' in A Child my Choice. viz. he would probably have said totter /n/. xxxviii. xlii. SAINT Peter's complaint. act iii. line 5.' Line 4. line 1. 'Fan-e' Turnbull obscures by misprinting ' Fare. line 1. part' i. 49 ' Turnbull vcxatiously misprints by' for 'my.' and his' for this. see relative note on st. ' ' ' march without the noise of threatening drums. xliv. xxxiii. that the cock = in this only or alone did the ' crowthereby became his clock to reckon ' his task-duty of tears. xxxii. ter/n/7 walls. ' canded. That runnes' can hardly refer to danger or spells ' ' ' ' ' ' . St. :' Thus BoLiNGBROKE uscs tottcr'd ' . reads 'Parted:' St. xlv. 3.' . I have ventured to make two corrections in this line. and speak of stinting eyes' and ' ' ' ' We tot- Bolingbroke had battered Flint Castle. That from the castle's toiter'd battlements Our fair appointments may be well perused.' If ' line 4. ice' On this cold brook Shakespcrean St. sc.' as in stint' and totter.' In the latter the rhyme is not so good but cf. ' disenchantt'c?. use the -ed form in a similar sense. line 1. Turnbull again misprints ' suck' for ' seeke.' Line 5.' and ' St. ' ' Line 4. ' The candied with (Timon. Turnbull misprints danger' for damage :' 1595 domage. St. ' ' distance or death. worse' for worst. xxxiv.' as indicative of a newly present result. see our Memorial-Introduction.422 I prefer it to ' Parting' of 1595 and 1596. line 5.' St. parallel. from Cbrist. sc.. where we would rather employ the participle -ing. me.' Let's King Richard If. but not so frequently and where the action appears to exist within the thing itself. For more. 10. cxi. v.' as in Shakespeare. St. This sense of the participle in -ed. line 4. walls. st. act iv.' The sense is not eyes stinted' by any one but eyes in a state of stint' (as compared with the remorse due for so supreme a crime). allows and explains its use in Shakespeare and others. Additional mss.' we prefer (though with less truth) to make the noun agental. in which it can hardly be called a participle of past time.e. ' alone' ing' assuage. 3).

10.' not lightningflames :'=the blazing comets lighten flames of love.422 spells Thrue. Vers.' as in Fergusson's Caller Water. ambryes.liii. line 3.) that interpretation is suggested and favoured which would read. In Scotland still= a larder or pantry for cold and broken meats.. liv. Lines 1-3.' St. captiuing .50 SAINT PETERS COMPLAINT. The third plague (of The avicpfs and avlTres of the lxx. I ' ' ' ' ' . Ixii. mss. line 3. when you seem to feel either of these emotions.' di'oyles'= drudges.' the copyist being ' ' ' ' probably an Irishman. and confirmatory of other Shakespeare allusions found in Southwell. false. line 1.' The thought is di-awn from Holy Scripture. line 3. spoyle. to be gnat-lUie insects. In so doing the living mirrors' go prints. Line 6. gnats :' Exodus viii. line 2.' By the usual jjunctuation false. Addl. 1. st. and the lice..). St.' in Turnbull ambries. ' : ' ' or loathe falsehood St. On this passage see our Memorial-Intro- duction for a very remarkable Shakesperean parallel hitherto overlooked. 16-18. as Turnbull misSt. comma {. as Tuen- bull's ' revenger' might suggest. Origen. Auth. love or loathe ?' Looking to Southwell's general style and use of inversion.' beyond what ie natural for in Nature St. 13 et seqq. aumry.' not.' ' ' = ' ' have printed light'ning. line 6. Then in myselfe. ' Revenger' ' = Christ.xlviii.) omitted. do you false ones. Turnbull again ' obscin-es by misprinting ' ef- fecting. lii. xlvi. line 2. line 1.. not the cock. ' . I prefer to interpret false as =/a/s«= do you love St. St. ' No shadow can with shadow'd things compare.' is Letcd Love ' Losse. Augustine. ? Accordingly Mi. &c. (. 2. Ixi. cyniphcs and scyniphes of the Vulgate— all taken hy the Egyptian and African authorities. and the expression His image' showed itself in the characteristically elliptical. St.' Ambry St. St. or the place where alms (and as here alms or doles of food) were kept. Line 6. shadows worths. whom sinne and shame defac't. lix. line 4. See general note onward. Turnbull misreads Fine' for True' of 1595 and 1596. almonry.masters or those who are free. Philo.' causal use thralls— taldng captive theii. shadow worths.

= .). St. water. cf. But as heaven air. Ixxi. from 1595 edition (dropped in 1596). Ixiv.) after desires. . whereas in himself it appeared blurred and defaced. Hence I punctuate Hesebon (. line 2. li. I have punctuated roam [thus ending the general clause. the image that is in me. 17-18. St. I have ventured to read ' The previous stanza and the word Both' rant the emendation. Ixvi. Ixix. fii-e.. and has nothing to do with the pools of Heshbon. St. wander. home iled] is . Turnbull for ' misjH-ints Whose' for ' Where ' :' and ' line Whose' The. Vers.. cf.) not (. [ex- from fire lost fish [I wander] Perhaps too the rhythm rather improved thereby.. which Southwell has contracted. line 3. My image' may in the first line have the ordinary sense of the 'image' of myself but in the second line it means as {ineo jiuUcio) in the first also. and (. line 1. and then giving the elemental similes] .. The baths of gi-ace' is a new epithet.. ' 1595 spells soone. Tuknbull again obscures and ' nonsensifies by misprinting ' works' for words. The ellipse is viore Southwell. Turnbull misreads delight' for i-eioyce. St. reflect the enumeration in the last stanza but one.. laud of life. So too with Salomon (st. Bethlehem is the Vulgate form. thus reading [exiled] from heaven.' St. much as my wrongs' and my injuries' might in the older writers be used to mean the wrongs or injuries done to me.' ' ' ' ' St. ' St.) Thine ' ' : ' eyes like the fish-pools in Heshbon by the gate of Bath-rabbim' (Auth. line 2. Cant. 51 eyes of Christ as that of a man before the Fall made in the of God.' ' Line 5. qu^ sunt in portu filife multitudiuis (Vulg.' in the next line war- St. ' Luke compasse'^ circumference. 1 Chronicles ii. Line 2. line 3. ' ' St. vii. line 1. &c. from land of life I wander.. ' 3.' A strangely elliptical omission of the ob' jective [me] . Lxviii. salamander . line 1... Ixxii. At first sight it seems natural to make a division at salamander. Poor saint from heaven [I wander] . image ' .' Oculi tui sicut piscina) in Hesebon.' xxii..).' I place in margin.. vii. 61.. Ixx. 4. 3. Ixv. &c.) not (. Hesebon. line 2) and Aman. SAINT Peter's complaint. Best' for But.' Line 3. lines 1-4. Cant. . keep..

infamous. dying swan's ' singing' solitariness or singleness of the a natural and pathetic inference. line 5). line 1. . or perhaps provings. By love as more frehere. as before.' dcimirre : on. line 4. her lap with tears she fill'd' (st. and so in the full -ed and -'d (apostrophe). like heauen. Sojit. though it is diiScult to understand how this obsolete sense. line 1. by means of.•'=proofs.' monosyleuen. is quently in our Poet's day than now. Vulg.' the fulness of our even' requii-es e'en. Ixxvi. line 4.not Bar. St.' St. line 1). line 3. en. was derived from probatus.422 reads ' — one sense of the French surmonter. line 4. Bi^pffafiet. through St. that might lead to ambiguous readings. Ixxix.g. in ijroperly reading such words in their jilaces by attention to the above rule. or its legal sense. Ixxxvii. Ixxiii. line 1.. Ixxxvi. line 4. 2>(i><sim in accord with which I read Bcr. ' pheare spelled in 1595 'phere' ' = hus- band (Abraham). are almost constantly slurred. St. : ' labic ' but while oui- ' ' ' ' Cain's murdering ' ' hand imbrued in brother's blood' (st. c. Tuenbull misprints In wilds Barsabian wandering alone'=the desert of Beth-sheba. delay by dwelling on. than heavens' and ' prayers' requii-e to be The ' heav'ns with pray'rs. xxviii. Ixxxix. : .' pronunciation of heaven' does not require heav'n. ' surmounts' := over-passes. Ixxvii. Ixxxv. St. e. with one or two exceptions (duly noted in their places). Ixxviii. St. line 6.52 SAINT Peter's complaint. Ixxiv. Here. In Southwell. excels 10. St. God's love. Bersabo. ' ' sluce. line 5. Ixxxviii. Auth. Ixxxix. murdering' needs no more to be printed ' murd'ring' as dissyllabic. I adhere to the Stonyhuest mss. By'=through. line 3.' and so I note The student will have no difficulty it (see also st. Vers. to dwell French demeurer. line 1. ' Horehh rocke. '2^?'0&flfes . line 4).•'=:to Southwell adds to the old myth . ' penance' =:penitence. ' St. Acldl. its pi-imary sense St. Throughout.' See relative note on ' st.' Tuenbull wi-etchedly misprints :' slime. though he seizes every opportunity of syllabling -ed. Line 2. ' St. mss. Ixxv. forms. er. St. and on.

. line 2. 4). referi-ing to the passages in the Gospels under st. But in this ciii.' The Vii-gin Mary to Chi'ist. cf. Turnbull senselessly misreads and mis- rapture. xcv. St.' St. ' 6. Line St. Ecclesiastes ' iv. as the embalming-cloths of the Egyptians are called by Herodotus. for the sense (TiyScuv said to be muslin and sindonless.' as in Turnbull. not 4. with even more than ' carelessness. Turnbull misprints ' ' by' for ' of. ' wi'ought' I have put mai'gin.' Turnbull vexatiously misprints ' For. Turnbull misprints.' and line 5 rich' for St. Peter the rock (line 1) and line 1.' From the general imagery of the Old Tes- . Line erable John the eagle (line 2) ? 5.' ' Such' for 16-17 ' Riche. ' raught' like Southwell ' wrought' (Parker 17). line 1. xc. In Earle's Phil. Mark iu. It might also be supposed that Southwell was anticipating. line 3. Tongue (p. cf. line 5. and to the triple cord of friendship there mentioned. 12. . shows that the word was used more generically. such being the meaning. Matthew xxvi. ci. of Engl. as interpreted by the mummy-wi'appings. ' 53" doubting' =:in the old sense of suspecting:=di'eading.' St. ci. 142) Coverdale is quoted as spelling Soc. Turnbull once more misprints ' ' is' for ' base. since it was only by Pharaoh that Joseph was endued with a (ttoAtj fivaaip-r) but the above words of Herodotus. it would almost seem that Southwell considered St. xvii. ' Turnbull misprints that. St. as ' between 'I'ubber' and ' rub. 37 : St. i.' Or have we the Apostolate represented by St. ' Too. line 2. v. 37. 6.' St. Line 3. 1 . Peter to have been included in the collective name 'Boanerges.' Line cedar. show that aivditji/ was not necessarily applied to a thin roller either of fine cotton or ' . xciii. Line 3. embalm. Line ' 4. rupture.^ Cf.' Line Line prints (St. the wearer of such a garment but the cni'Sulu fivaenvos. rubber' for ' his usual runner. for raught' in the and other words there was a confusion in the old spelling which hartUy amounted to error. fine linen.' stupidly perpetrating a mis- pun 6. St.: SAINT Peter's complaint. line 3. xcvi. a garment of muslin (nvSouiTris.

i. at the Transfiguration. line 2. line 3. 54 SAINT Peter's complaint. in ' ' : ' ' ' ' .v. reminds of the soliloquy of Richard ' II. and Addl.' Query Is this the proper word. cxvii.. Tuenbull further blunderingly reads Where' for St. Line 6. 22-24. 3 Henry VI. Tlie night-crow cried.' balme. St. St. mss. (See relative note on st. xlv.' or earl-money. act ii. actually St.'' Tuenbull. C. St. Wright's Bible Word-Book. ^givdng themes Line 6. line 2. or Scotice earles. but rightly recounted dur- ing the past time of wakefulness.) mer spelled tast. and Mr. St. cxxii.'' Verb intrans. line 4.' Tuenbull yet again misprints baweepe. cxiii. 1596. ' ' abode' =foreshow. St. cxxi. Whose'' refers to parts.' ' Tuenbull once more to fancy. cix. Line 5.' which is the word in 1595. s. cxvi. St.. ' foretold. as to the usual cry of WTiat d'ye lack ? ligence. 5.. and the reference to Judas casting down his blood-money before the priests ? (St. Cf 2 Cor. A. ' ' ' ' ' Whose. ' blame' for ' balme. line 4. Here is a case where a strict regard to metre would read light'neth . Tuenbull misprints 'late' for 'lay' unapostolic. iiss. ' ingrosse'^engrossier=make greater. ' = Addl.422 the reading is cast' for taste. cvi.' disinchanted charmes. cxv. Rent. cxi. line 4. as well as in 1596. 10. with unpardonable negmakes nonsense of this by misprinting but' for rent. Matthew xii. 10. Matthew In 1595.) St.' St. line 4. act. line 3. Line 3.' in their [natural] state of disenchantment. it is taste.' which I adopt as=:the foretaste. as in Shakespeare.. St. alluding not so much to pressing things on would-be customers.' but I prefer for emphasis' sake to read and iH'onouuce it as demi-trisyllabic.=: strive (Webster).' ' St. ' ' theticaUy prints sleep' for weepe. v. v. 'force. aboding luckless time.' In 1595 for earned' of 1596 the reading is 'earnest. cv.' not predicted. civ.422. W. ' St. 6. . . line 6. tament. as before. lines 1-4. cxx. 22 Ephesians i. 14. 43-5. given on the hii-ing of servants. line 4. with possibly especial remembrance of Isaiah xxxvii.' in the forxxvii. line 4.

' Tornbull misprints mistay. 2 Chronicles xxxii. a reminiscence of the Confessions of St. it is allowable for me to] ' St. ' release. Repaires=:\)la. 10. cxxxii. vi. 'my stay. line 3. 11-13. cxxix.' thy' for ' St.' and love' for ' ' ' ' vow. ' St.' and my' for ' thy. cxxvii.CGS whither one goes or repaii's. cxxxi. the consti'uction is not [I dare] wish [that is.' Line 4.' Addl. line 1. as before. ' 55 pcnance'=penitence. Turnbull provokingly misprints 1595 badly misprints ' 'increase' for ' incense. cxxviii.).422 reads ' ' re- leaf e. . „ 6. as I may [mend] . so too he misprints worst' for most.SAINT Peter's complaint. .' 4. line 3. cxxv.' St. line 1. sauing shroud:' the saving shroud:' prophetically spoken of his martyi-dom and with reference to Rev. Line 3. I may wish [to mend] I i^unctuate wish (. 9-11. &c.. Augustine.' G. line 1. mss. but . St. line 6. St. ' my.

.

OR MYRTLE-WREATHS. 4. ' . i.MYRT^. . Od. 9. . .' Horace. viridi nitidum caput impedire myrto.

&c. G. to their own places in Ma. Throughout. Peter's Complaint in 1595. These were first added in 1596. Notes and Illustrations at the end of each poem give various readings. have given the name Myi-tfe' to the second division of the Poems of Southwell for two reasons (a) To avoid the commonplace title of 'Miscellaneous Poems.' I ' : (b) To correspond with (' that already accepted for the third portion Majoniaj').NOTE. and Christ's Childehood.' The whole of the Poems of this part wei-e added to St. as choice beads in a string of pearls (as old Thomas Brooks has it). I have adhered to the arrangement of 1596. our singer among the dainty players of Lydia something more these have the vividness and sweet perfume of the classic mjTtle.oniae. with the exceiition of those noticed in our Preface. except in removing the Natiuity of Christ. and — and If those place — ' Joseph's Amazement. . &c. the basis of our text is the Stonyhukst mss. placed around the supreme Life and that of His Mother.

Nowe pleasure ebbs. Rise from the feelinge of my ravinge Wl\ose joy annoy. One day doth wrecke Remorse doth teach the wrath that many wrought my guilty thoughtes to knowe cheape I sould that Christ so dearely bought Eaultes long unfelt doth conscyence now bewraye. All ghostly dints that Grace at me did dart. now have nought my foyle. 11. whose sorowe never is Bad seede I sow'd. Like stobbourne rock I forced to recoyle . Howe Which cares : must cure and teares must washe awaye. To other flightes an ayme I made my hart Whose woundes. fittes. flittes : Whose solace flyes. Avoe worth the Archer's might. That draue such arrowes to the marke so ric^ht Woe .! . worth the bowe. revenge beginns to flowe . The signes of shame that stayne my is Llushiiige face. whose guerdon disgrace. MARY MAGDALEN'8 BLUSHE. III. worse fruite now my gayne. Soone-dying mirth begatt long-living payne. then welcome.

wreake' in 1596. ! ! ! backe. sence not free from synne. Yett graunt I must. iii. like their conibate is.! . yow drive me Yow crosse encountring. the soule doth loose the feilde. ' line 1. my woundes will worke a dreadfull dome And for a world whose pleasures passe awaye. St. line 2. O heaven. Tuknbull misprints ' seed' for ' fruite. spelled St. 5. . the stroke itself 1. yow weane. a . V. soules sence spoyleth yow of grace Lament. . For theefe he is that theefe admitteth in. S BLUSHE. 1 loost a world. 60 MxVRY MAGDALEN IV. one to the world to come Woundes may But then I weare.' Dint used as 3. And present happ makes future hopes to yelde. Yet sence doth scarce deserve these hard complayntes. to leave tliem in is deatlie. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. and draw a doubtfiill breath. employed 2. Love is the theefe. whose joyes are paste decaye. sence but the entringe place is . .' ii. hoped blisse soule O had O sence Yow woe. ' Line St. line 2. the force or energy the effect of the stroke. One to this world. . yow draw. To liull them out. = wreak.' dints. similarly he misprints 'work' for 'wrecke' is . lament ! ! sense robbeth thee of sayntes. ' feelinge' = the sense or perception of. i. That never end but with some deadly wracke When sence doth wynne. VI.

line 4). line 4). and which best explains the second and especially the thii-d passage. . And while in this first instance senses 1. and equal to good hap and bad hap severally. whose wounds.' ' Happ :' been said that happi- ness (like success) has kept only a part of the original sense of hap. nor in thou. Tuenbull misprints chief for ' theefe' G. line 1. is a fourth sense. From associating the word dint' with a particular kiud of weapon. line 6. line 4. and Con' tent and Rich (st. only have 1.' Here only. in pre- St. Line „ ' 2. the fourth being left indefinite in its exin-ession. St. the stroke. as he clearly does in three out of the four. ii.' It is thou' in the first and early-printed editions. of the three senses. line 2) and in \Vhat Joye to live (st. where thou' in our ms. In the fourth of the passages in which it occurs to the Wound in Chi-ist's side. St. ' St. ii. line 3) the same sense may be attributed to it. St. i. st.' Cf. Hne 2) it can. the sense which best agi-ees with the context (dart and recoil). as is shown by the . (lent G1 (Webster). he in Southwell (Man ' seems to have been led to employ it as expressing that weapon in action just as two lines lower he uses. the force. line 6. Southwell has here. and there is no reason for preserving a ' ' ' barbarism. the spear or dart. (p. as onward. 106). See other examples in Tymes goe byTurnes (st. vi. line 2) it is used as 2. Synne's Heavy Loade. iv. and 3.' the technical or quasitechnical term for the action of arrows. = drave. in 1596 ' Tuenbull misprints haps. are clearly inadmissible. st. ' may be fleghts = aiTows. I adopt ' draue' ference to di'awe' of our ms.' If this be so. ' Tuenbull misprints lose' for loost. vi. flights iii. ' line 6. 6. used hap' in a sense reflected from happiness. I have not repeated it. But.MARY Magdalen's blushe.' the word flight.' Tuenbull misprints 'hap. Lines 2-3. iv. xiii. But in the thu-d (Life is but Losse. for arrows in flight or ' words ' action. ' weane' = wean.instances. I give the uncouth ' spelling with a to for our u.' It has ' win. and v. that namely of the weapon while in action. ' from 1596. V. and also in Love's servile Lott (st. In the second (Losse in Delaye. iv. st. v. as a specimen. is spelled thow. line 6). and st. xiv.' had.

Let me dye or live Thou in me is Where the truth once was and are not. Death come take thy portion Who survives when life is miirdred. Mortall life is tedious Death it is to live without Thee. ! MARY MAGDALEN'S COMPLAINT AT CHEIST'S DEATH.. their runninge . . . and not in God. Couche their life in deathe's abode. by his deatlie. Selye starres must nedes leve shyninge When When One Dyeth also the sunne is shadowed. Boiowed streames refrayne that lives hed-springes are hindered by other's breathe. trewe life! sith Thou hast left me. : Death of all most odious Turne againe or take me to Thee. 81TH my life from life is parted. : Lives All that by mere extortion live. Shadowes but vanitye .

Paynted meate no hunger feedes. line MS. v. in : ' Our ' ' ' o.. ' di-aw'st' for ' di-av'st. coiTects three of Turnbull's characteristic misreadings and misiirints st. Maugre thee my NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. agreement with 1596. line 2. vi. line 1. love shall staye. that Christ's death. When thy prison was His hart. sun' for snmme :' st. In the siimme of happynes love life is wrested : To a world lett love of heavynes my remove.' Additional mss.! MARY Magdalen's complaint at Shewinge want. G3 lielpe tliey cannot. Sith I live not where I love my soule ! what did unloose thee sweete captivitye. SpitefuU speare that brak'st this prison. not I. did possesse thee. not salves. Seate of all felicitye. thy Kbertie too happy thrall thou wert. of miserye. 10. With my From my love my my life life was nestled . : His. that' for what :' st. Workinge thus Love's and mth life's dooble treason deliverye : Though my life thou dravst awaye. not myne.422 has all these . vii. Dyinge life eche death exceedes. Signes. still From thy God.

see relative note on without desert. dryest soyle sucke in some moystning shoure Tymes go by turnes and chaunces cliang by course.' St. lines 3-4. I print Thee. from better happ to worse. ' ' I die sely' in St. ' TTMES GOE BY TURNES. man may hope to rise yet feare to fall.. to the lowest She drawes her favours ebb Her tide hath equall tymes to come and goe. . iii. and this record is enough for critical purposes. G. sea of Fortune doth not ever floe. ii. the fine and coarsest Her loome doth weave webb . frute Most naked plants renewe soriest wiglit and fioure . and st. Cf. lines 3 and 5 here and throughout. line 1. No endlesse night yet not eternall daye birdes a season finde to singe. The lopped The The tree in tyme may growe agayne both. . may finde release of payne. . also : ' ' Life is biit Losse.' not The' of our mss. .. No No happ joy so great but runneth to an ende.' line 1. so harde but may in fine amende. a calme The saddest The roughest storme That Thus with succeding turnes may soone alaye God tempereth all. especially lines 3 and 5. i. 64 blunders. From The foule to fayre.— the latter simply confuses. Not allwayes fall of leafe nor ever springe. Consult our Introduction for elucidation of what I regard as an affecting personal reminiscence in st. TYMES GOE BY TURNES. . iv.

r/. st. hut none have joyes here to no they wishe Unmedled Who least hath some. 65 lost A chautice may wynne all.. line 3. who most hath never all. ' poem line 3.' web' for 1630 in nett. iv. The mynde a creature yet can create. in this iii. line 2. . St. To Of ISTature's paterns adding higher skill fynest workes witt better could the state If force of witt Devise of man in had equall poure of will working hath no ende : . ' sorest' for ' ' sorriest ' :' st. takes in all thinges little fishe In some thinges croste. nor yet' for 'yet G. A breife wherein all marveylls summed may lye. sweetest shapes the store. : LOOKE HOME. What thought can thinke an other thought can niende. i.' 159(i in st.' LOOKE HOME. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. . . that by mischance was none are all The nett that houldcs no greate. EETYRfeD thoughtes enjoy their owne delightes. not. . Fewe all they neede. iv. them more. As beauty doth in self-beboulding eye Man's mynde a mirrhour is of heavenly sightes. ii. man befall. grace yet thought is. line 5 reads line 2 has vnmingled. TuRNBULL has once more provoking misprints c. . 'time' for 'tide ' :' st. Of fayrest formes and IMost gracefull all.

he would. He should. His worde and will conspir'd. 66 fortune's falsehoode. NOTE. . To that he coulde afforde his will was bente. Sly fortune's subtilltyes. Till they be conquered with cloaked tyrannye Then chaunging countenance. All that it should present he could afforde. All that he had His image should present. His skill. TxJRNBULL badly misprints G. soiile of Man's endles bewtye's image is.. ' This' for ' His' in st. iv. . by this conceave the rest. Drawen by the worke of endles skill and miglit This skillfull might gave many sparkes of blisse. line 4. with open enmyties She tryumphes over them. . And to descerne this blisse a native light as To frame God's image His might. Murder the innocent with mortall heavynes. he could. that swallowed without recoverye. scorninge their slavery. in baytes of happynes Shroude hookes. . His will was followed with performinge worde Lett this suffice. In worldly nierymcntes lurketh much misery. His worthes requird. FORTUNE'S FALSEHOODE. Shee sootheth appetites with pleasing vanityes. he did the best.

of vicious. untaught to mitigate Rigour with clemencye in hardest cruelties. Her wayes a Fooles' laberinth of wandring passages. shewes most discretion. Her choyse Sith welth the vertuous might wrest from piety. Her hopes Her smart are fastned in blisse that vanisheth. Are wag'd with wearynes Blynde in her favorites' foolish election. She sutors answereth with contrarietyes . inherited with sure possession Constant in crueltye. to cursed deityes . 67 With In favvTiinge flattery deathe's dore she openeth. is Chaunce her arbiter in giving dignitye.. Alluring passingers to blody destinye offers bountifull. favours are measured. To humble suppliants tyran most obstinate. Her highest benefittes are but illusions. As easie premisses to hard conclusions With bitter corrosives her joyes are seasoned. fortune's falsbhoodk. . . . comon pilgrimage Whose fonde devotion and idle menages in fruitles drudgeries. Men's ruins registring her false felicitye. in proofe she beggereth. Proud with peticion. To those that foUowe her. she never altereth But from one violence to more oppression.

And silent sees that speech could not amend repine. IS'o wynde so changeable.) after bapiiiness' instead of linking it on to Sbroude liookes. and therefore may he r= studied movements. . Our MS. to her followers forswering curtesies. line 2.' Once more. Suyng But for amity where she is odious.. vi. . i. vii. tigre fugitive from the ambitious. line 2) by varietyes' corrects the lacking syllable in Turnbull's vanities :' so too in 1596. the little starres will shyne. ' ' ' ' Menage' SCOENE NOT THE LEASTE. now mercifull. 68 Like SCORNE NOT THE LEASTE. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. feebler part putts upp enforced wronge. is corrected by S. now favoring. line 2 and again his (. to varietyes' from vanityes. has shrouds. in st. Yet higher poures must think though they When simne is sett. x. Our ms.' G. Turnbull's most egi-egious misprints is Flye' for Sly' in st. he confuses all by printof ' ' : ' One ' : ' ing ' ' in' for ' is. In all thinges mutable but mutabilities. Where Where The wardes are weake and foes encountring. As giddy fortune in reeling varietyes Nowe madd. Like weeping crocodile to scornefull enymics. (in st. now ferce.' (in st. strong. mightier do assult then do defend.' as in 1596 oiu' ms. no sea so wavcringe. line 3) refers to the management of the horse in giving him studied paces and action.

while those do a tynie even for the worme to creepe. assult' is assault (as in 1596). What Joy to Live (st. et alibi).' as in Christe's Return out of Egypt In the same.e. SCORNE NOT THE LEASTE. v. And crouch in privy creekes with smaller fishc little fish fill Yet pikes are caught when These There fleete afloate is go by. greene when flowers do fade awaye. Yet God did turne his fate upon feast his foe The lazar pynd while Dives' was kept. line 5. In Aman's pompe poore Mardocheus wept. Nor greedy grayhounde The tender stiU pursue the chase larke will finde a tyme to flye. line 2. It is used also as we should who. We trample grasse and prize Yet grasse is the floures of Maye. that Southwell constantly uses that' where we would use what' or that that' or that which. The merlen cannot ever sore on highe. perhaps worth notice here. lines 2-4. . i.' It is ' ' ' ' ' ' ' . our ms. Line 4. line 1). as in the present instance. ' In = ' that. i.' not as in Turnbull most.' and a meaning is attainable with this correction. must. i. the dish.' and this. to hell did Dives goe. like 1596. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.. And sucke the dewe while all her foes do sleepo. And fearefull He that high Gave hare to runne a quiet race. causes some obscurity. i. grouth on cedars did bestowe. See other examples in A Child my Choice (st. the higher powers when fallen St. line 5).. reads (st. . also lowly mushrumpes leave to growe. G9 While pyke doth range the seely tench doth flye. Yett he to heaven.

iv. In st. in 1596. mushrooms so in 1596. in While Him I amisse. see our relative notes on St. iii. Him love is most. mushrumpes' spelled ' ' = : well as Additional MS. Their fall is worst that from the height Of greatest honours shde . 70 ' A CIIILDE MY CHOYSE. ' line 5. Merlin or marline is the hawk. ' the think' of the little stars' shining. and caimot lyve Love's sweetest mark. Him I live. To love Him hfe. to live in Him deli"hte. whose tongue no word.422 merlyn. I prefer the reading of our text. 10. represented by But query is think' a misprint sun. sink.e. while they. even is = e'en. A CHILDE MY CHOYSE. G. the name is Haman : but Aman is in the Vulgate.422.' and the meaning for ' — ' ' ' though they repine' ' {i. In = during. ' in 1596 is marline.. I praise and love that Chilcle Whose hart no thought. Peter's Complaint.' for other difficult and somewhat similar pronominal uses. line 1. line 6. iii. lavde's highest theme. In st.' and misprinted martin' by Turnbull. all prayse and His love. and ' In st. As most' is simply Tuknbull's blunder. the feebler part) ? Cf. to leave Him death. . as In st. ii.' in Additional mss. Lett folly praise that phancy loves. gi-eat Yet.' are sunk. higher powers most sink. man's most desirM ligl^t. I love Him best. 10. whose hand no dede I praise defilde. line 1.

wise. inadvertently reads this' for His. our light. A CHILDE MY CHOYSE.' 3. 5. His death our end Alas ! He weepes. (to . . our MS. laud's. Turnbull most unfortunately misprints land's' for . His knowledge rules. as God He loves to blisse.' is. 71 Ho myne by dewe. I His by debt. best frende trewe. .' . His strength defendes. Turnbull misprints head' for hand. He sighes. He pantes. His sighes and throbbs. force all foes Correct my dye faultes.. yet though small. He is. 7. direct me when I NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. First frende gift. In our MS. doth bud a joy full springe. His love all life doth cherish His birth our joy. as stronge He He is . which we adhere) there is no division into stanzas of four short lines each nor in 1596....'s own corrections in our ms. all tymes will try Him Though yonge. Line 2. can. 8.' This is one of S. thus ech to other He was. yet stronge. yet God As wise He knowes. 159G reads ' ' Him' for ' His. protect ! my life. other's' = other G. Almighty Babe. yet do His angells singe Out of His teares. though man. Whose tender armes can to flye. His of thrall. Turnbull. ' ' ' ' ' ' Line .

My blisse is in my breste. estate is ritch. All easye to fullfill.. Too lowe for envye's shott. I recken welthe A meane the surest lott. will In lowly vales I mounto . Enriclid with Vertue's rightes Faith guides Hope all my witt Love leades my my mynde delightes. CONTENT AND PJTCHE. . make the lymits of my poure The bounds unto my will. Contented thoughts hart is my rest happy in it selfe. My poore conscience is my crowne. . I DWELL in Grace's courte. My I wishes are but fewe. To Pleasure's highest pitch My My My sely shroud trew honors bringes. . for base That lyes too highc contempt. Enoughe. .

But Avhen the flame is out.. vayne to stopp the streame Untill the tide do turne. or not desird. and smale a sayle feare. CONTENT AND RITCHB. Of greatest honours Sith sayles of largest size The storm e doth I beare so lowe soonest teare. My mynd to me an empire is. All lower hopes refrayne. Wliich is of heavenly raigne Effects atteynd. While It is in Furie's flame doth burne . While grace afFordeth helth. I 73 have no hopes. As freeth me from I wrastle not Avith rage. that from the heyghtli slyde. but one. I clipp high-clyming thoughtes : The winges of swelling Their fall is pride worst. I feele no care of coyne. . And ebbing wrath doth end. Well-dooing is my welth . I turne a late enraged foe Into a quiott freude.

And taught with often proofe. Lesse losse to her goe. To ruyne runne amaygne. A tempered cahne solace to I finde To be most it self. No chaunge of Fortune's calmes cast my comfortes downe When Fortune sniyles. She prooves an angry Smale gayne I found to let lett her come. fitt My I clothes more then fine .. 74 CONTENT AND RITCIIE. To rise by others' fall I deeme a loosing gaine All states with others' ruyns built. . I smile to thinkf How quickly she will frowne. I take no pleasure in their payne. Whome favour doth advance . Best cure for angry mynde. That have lesse happy chaunce. Can And when in froward moode foe. knowe I feede and cloth a foe That pampred would repine. I envye not their happ. . Spare diett is my fare.

f/. (See our collection of Dyer's Poems. st. Sober speede is wisdom's leysure. iwcm : St. consult our Memorial-Introduction. Good is best when soonest wroughte. Fly their fault lest thou rej^eiit thee. 75 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.' the third e' : inserted by S. our ms. My myiicl to me an empii-e is' (st. line 1.) For more on this. : line 4. ii. xvi. G. Lingred labours come to noughts. and imitations. line 4. 'to' for 'is:' ' ix. whose celebrated poem My mynde to me a kingdome is' was doubtless in our Poet's mind at the moment. TuRNBULL has some very e.LOSSE IN DEL A YE. Lett thy forewytt guide thy thoughte. Hoyse upp sale while gale doth last. vii. Tyde and winde stay no man's pleasure Seeke not tynie when tyme is paste. delayes. . After-wittes are deerely boughte. attend' for ' (as in 1596) ' chance' for atteynd' chaunge. interesting to come on another reminiscence ' of Sir Dyer. ' careless misprints in this st. spells ' = attained it is freeeth. they breede remorse Take thy time while time doth serve thee Creepinge snayles have weakest force.' ' With reference ' to the line. line 3). . Edward LOSSE Shunne m DELAYE. . .

.. 76 LOSSE IN DELAYE. Many make a drowninge freighte. Droppes do perce the stubborne Is'ot by force but often fallinge Custome kills with feeble dinte. Breake ill egges ere they be hatched . Fligg. Festred woundes aske deeper launcing After-cures are seldome seene. is When he ilyes And hehinde his scalpe naked. Tyme and Out of place give best advice. More by use then strength Single sandes have little weighte. Workes adjourn'd have many staies. Crush the serpent in the head. . Tyme weares tliy all his lockes before. Long demurres hreede new delayes. In the risinge Lest it stifle ill. flynte. . Kill bad chekins in the tredd. Take houkl upon his forehead he turnes no more. Seeke thy salve while sore is grene. ease. growe against thy wiU. they hardly can be catched. season. out of price. prevayling. Often sought scarse ever chancinge. Tender twigges are bent with Aged trees do breake with bendmg .

. 80). he shall ask an egg. In after. line 4. ' St. stupidly reads and line 6.witte' is = wisdom after the fact. Tuenbull 'improves' the . ii. Ixix. feeleth fii-st all y« venim of his matter and venime for when it is fii-st hatcht. ' dint. line 3. vi. and of such breeding commeth a worme that slayeth with blast and with sight.' See relative note on. tread' =: conception. second-thoughts. and slayeth him in that wise. line 2. and bringeth it forth.Parv. allusion underlying kill ' . V.LOSSE IN DKLAYE. Luke scorpion. Way . will he offer him a serhave seen such eggs' as you could hardly distinguish them from a pigeon's. . 12. the idea a continuance of that in the previous line and the reference to the egg-like casing of the young ' = Or IS may be to the belief that asps when hatched whatever had sat on the eggs. as Bryddys. findeth the egge of such an adder [the asins] and sitteth on brood thereon. Une 2. V. that soone doth knocke ! Babell babes againste the rocke NOTES AND ILLUSTKATIUNS. 10. and Additional ms. Happy man.' and line 4. c. elsewhere. Line 4. di-awing' for drowning. i. and 1596 and 1630. as he sayeth' (Batman on Bartholome.' st. that a venemous frogge that is caUed rubeta.' author's ' own word ' fligg' into ' Fledged ' vailing' for ' and in prevailing . composed by a Norfolk man (as was Southwell) says/lioocd is still used there and Halliwell gives it as used in Cheshire and the North. Line 3. Grouth (loth make them past amendiiige. maturus. St. ' In St. In Prompt. it happeneth sometime.'as in If pent (scorpion) ?' I ' : ' volatilis. vi. The worm that sitteth so on brood. Or combining the two the XI. In ' St. Fligr/ or flygge.422. not St. have the ' ' TuRNBULL reads latter. And as he [Plinius] saith. ill eggs' eggs of noxious bii-ds or vermin. as doth the cockatrice. bee beholdeth and seeth him that bringeth him forth. line 5. in et. is lent' for cloth serve •' but our MS. 77 Younge desires make little prease.

* O LOVE S SERVILE LOTT. See Wright. Filia Babylonis misera Beatus qui tenebit et allidet iiarvulos tuos ad petram. A where she doth kill.' Ps. St. honye-shoure raynes from her lippcs. A kisse. 16.. Yet fewe know whome they serve They recken least how little love Love mistres is of .. many myndes. She hath the blushe of virgin mynde. . cxxxvii. (Ps. G. Auth.) the prophecy being in Isaiah xiii. Corrupted in the She shroudeth Vice in Vertvie's veyle. afFordeth greife. . The She will she robbeth from the witt.' Babel. ill Pretendinge good in She offreth joy. Sweete lightes shyne in her face . Vers. as elsewhere Jesse i"od. The mynde of viper's race. : = = ' ! . v. — LOVE'S SERVILE LOTT. Line 6. 8-9. Their service doth deserve. prease pressure. The sence from is reason's lore delightfull in the ryne. Tuknbull misprints 'Babel's. vii. . . line 3. core. cxxxvi. s. &c. prefei-able Hapjiy he that destroys wicked thoughts ere they grow up.

. letteth fall some luringe baytes. to ebb. Softe soules she bindes in tender twist. fire. to every taste She tempereth her ciipp. For fooles to gather upp To sweete. sobbes fuell are. feare to finde. ' And sighes do blowe her fier. For love of sliowers. She woes thee to come nere her Yet doth she drawe Farr off she it from thee to frye. . She makes thee seeke yet To finde but not enjoye In many frowns some glydinge smyles She yeldes. . LOVE S SERVILE LOTT. She setts afloate some luring streames. . to more annoye. to soure. But rather Aprill. Small flyes in spynner's webb . wett is full by kindc. . But makes them soone Her watery Her eies have burninge force. May never was the month of love. For May is full of floures . fluddes and flames conspire Teares kindle sparkes. makes thy harte And She yet to freese within thee.

.. Like tyran. bewitchinge charmes. . songes. . Attend uppon her trayne .. Her house is sloth. Like Winter rose and Summer yce. salve she lends But salve and sore have equall force. And And slippery hope her staires Unbashfull bouldnes bidds her guestes. is For death both their ends. A lieaven in hellish payne. She yeldeth rest without repose. crewell woundes she gives. Short happ imniortall harmes Her loving Her lookes are murdring darts. jelious fitts. passions. in fyne unseemely. Her joyes Fayre are still untjanelye Before her hope. Moodes. Her little sweets hath many soures . . enthralled soules With soothmg wordes She cheynes in servile bandes Her eye in silence hath a speeche Wliich eye best understands. her dore deceite. first. phancies. Like surgeon. behinde remorse. . every Vice rcpayres. 80 love's servile lott.

your idle payne Seeke other mistres for your myndes. st. Love's service is in vayne. By And Life is tredd the track of death's desyred waies is : but losse where death deemed gaine. vi. . the poyson That did the hart entise the tast. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ' vii-gin ' :' st. 81 Her diett is of such deliglites till As please. force I live. Eemorse rings her awake Death calls her upp.' not of. . xii.' I print off. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. ' : TuRNBULL has some sad virgin's' for ' 3. 'in' for within :' st. And loathed pleasures breed displeasinge payne. vi. sleepe in synne doth end in wrath. with thee. line she' di-opped out and 4. As before. LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. M . sowe not the sands. salves' for salve ' St. they be past kills But then. line 1. Her Despayres her uppshott make. there is no division into stanzas. and elsewhere. line 2. . in will I wish to dye In playnte I passe the length of lingrmg dayes Free would my soule from mortall body flye.. G. so in Ime . xi. Shame drives her out.' as in st. line 3. Plowe not the Leave off seas. en-ors in this line 2. soothed' for soothing.' In our ms.g. poem e. iv.

1 Why shouldst thoue stay to worke my dooble deathe If Saule's attempt in fallinge on his blade As lawfull were as eth to putt in ure. Then. oft a cursed rise to As damninge leape. if all that woulde were sure. Whose wayes are straite to heaven. Life is a wandringe course to doubtfull reste. murdringe greives 1 ? Wlio would not die to kill all Or who would live in never-dyinge feares Who would not wish his treasure safe from theeves. . alas tbou dost me wronge. And quite his hart from pangues. 1 ! : Thy right is had when thou hast stopt my breathe. : hell 1 cruell death.his Death parteth hut two AVhose civill strife eyes from teares? ever-fightinge foes. cruell death. As happy race to None bemg sure what finall fruites to reape And who can like ha such a life to dwell. doth worke our endles woes. If Sampson's leave a comon lawe were made. Of AbelFs lott. more anger to provoke Come. To lett me live. thou shouldst the tyran play With none but such as wished for delaye. hut wide to wynn a heavenly creste.82 LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. why lingrest thou so longe 1 What doth Avithould thy dynte from fatall stroke Nowe prest I am.

deemed. There vij^er is ! I thy spite defye : a God that overrules thy force. cf. line 5. And To Him on His mercy. at Christ's Death.). for Him I hope to die. But dost adjorne their death to their annoye.' st. I die alive. St. 83 Where Where life is lov'd. line 2. G. ix. relye I live. Line 3. Peter's Comjil. to (' Mary Magdalen's Complaint and the yearning hope of martyi*dom expressed at the close of this infinitely pathetic poem. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Line 3. not thy might. Toenbull misprints lean. in the Author to the Reader. . st. St. But those that crave thy helpe thou helpest Avaunt. where leave' is asked and given to lean' or feel' the temple- = ' ' ' ' pillars.' Cf. 24 . shorten or j^rolonge our brittle course. art to kill. Who I can thy weaj)ons to His will applie. The same may he said of the next.' Strange that none of Southwell's biogi-aphers have observed these affecting personal allusions. xii. render it most ijrobahle that these semi-autobiogi-aphic pieces were composed in prison after the Poet's tortures. i. St. an allusion to the Ppa^e7ou and arefpafof of 1 Cor. line 1. thou ready And to abridge with sodayne pangues their joy life is loath'd thou wilt not worke their will. The lines already referred st. LIFE IS BUT LOSSE. ' ' tured representations of saints. . iii. i. lest. V.' ' ' ' St. Peter's Complaint. To some thou art a feirce unbidden guest.' See relative note on St.. See our Memoi-ial-Introduction.5 but the form crest' (independent of the needed rhyme with rest') suggested by the rayed aureole of the pic. line 2. i. line 2 as easily put in use or practice. 26. Judges xv.

. my My grace is saide 1 live. My feast is done. . but such a death as never endes My death to end my dying life denyes. hopes and vayne desires are deade. The life must future glory The deaths I feele in present daungers lye. death come take awaye. of this poem. yet I do revive life is My living Whose ISTot death by dying fedd Grace more then nature kepes idle my hart alive. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. I live where I breath. still I dye. See our Memorial-Inti-oduction and Preface. showing the Author's autoremayne.. . In OTir illustrated ' ' . ? LIFE ! what ! letts thee from a quicke decease death what drawes thee from a present praye 1 soule . but such a would be ! at ease. And Thus life my living death still no whitt amends. I DYE ALIVE. I die give. iii. but where I am. . of revive' for which also agi-ees with 1596. love. quarto edition I fm-nish facsimile of a portion of the MS.' gi-aph-correction in st. line 1. love. . but where I l{ot where I I wish. G. life as ever dyes 1 dye.

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Here honour envyde. Cares comon are. meanesse dispis'd Synn deemed Here bewty is solace. vertue Httle prisde. choakes. and that I have All worldly fraightes to me are deadly wracke. : Men To live present happ. a bayte that. . Here love lent for loane of filthy gayne . . still prostrate in annoye I all the worlcle imbrace yet nothing holde. yet peace I none enjoy I hope. joyes falty. For that I love I long. A treasure A sought still to the owner's harmes light that eyes to murdring sightes provokes.. but that I lacke That others love I loath. WAGE no mount waiT. All welth is want Avhere chefest wishes fayle. shorte is and fewe . . WHAT JOY I TO LIVE. . I fry in freesing colde I in mirth. Most frendes befrende themselves Avith frendshipp's Here plenty perill. mortall charmes A grace that soides enchaunts with . I future hopes do crave live. [shewe . where best I is love. Yea life is loath'd where love may not prevayle. . death I desire. They. . . loving where they long life require. swallowed. I feare. want doth breede disdayne .

A luringe ayme to Cupid's fiery flightes. :' ' ' st. LOVE'S LIFE. i. life. Where sence doth like that reason cannot love. iv. :' st. In st. ' gain' for ' ayme. 'If for ' e. Him he love by Whome he lives. 86 life's death. Who Who for our love did choose to live. oui- MS. TuRNBULL again has vexatious misprints in this poem: other' for others I st. loves lest to live. A LalefuU blisse that damnes wliere it delightes. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.g. line 2. To Whome all love is dewe. i. ' Here loan is lent for love of filthygain :' St. line 1. love's life. line 'slights' for flightes.' ' ' 1.' and 1596 agrees with our ms. LIFE'S DEATH.. Where Kature craves that grace must nedes denye. And longe delayes doth rue. Where pleasures uppshott is to dye accurste. inadvertently reads 'nowe' for 'none. iii. ii. least Who If lives in love. line 4.' G. And was content to dye lov'd our love more then His did buy. Where best in shewe in finall proofe is worste. nonsensically. line 2. who would live so many deaths to trye ? Where will doth wish that wisdome doth reprove. ' in' for to :' line 5. And love with life .

Requite His livinge love For best we live when lest we live. life hatefull .. Desyreth most to bee. For seldome is He woonn in life Whome If love doth most desire love. yet not enjoyde. Nor liveth where loves. And sith love is not where it it lives. life's death. . Imd If love our life remove. . no true Life onely lover's death. . life where it lives. it Love hateth life it that holdes backo. . Their groundes do not agree Love where it loves. In earth love hath no place Love setled hath her joyes in heaven. 87 Let us in life. him annoy es And when Then he taketh leave of life. is. And death best approves. life all In earth her grace. yea with our life. woonn by Till mortall life expire. Mourne. Where love is hott. love's life. therefore. love beginns his joyes. Life out of earth hath no abode.

line 3. . Should pyne in earth. ' Tdrnbull mispiints best' for lest' = In st. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. titles in And not disdayne our style. as in 1596.. i. not shyne ahove the skyes ! Thy It ghostly beauty offred force to God . Fayre Wlien soule ! liow long shall veyles thy graces shroud 1 1 How And long shall this exile withold thy right will thy sunn disperse this mortall cloude. .' as before. Godhead His to enwrai:)p . G. line 1. It cheyned Him in the linckes of tender love woonn His It staid will with man to make aboade : His sword. more for angells' eyes. And crowned Mercy empresse of the feilde. And And laid This made Him in our feeble nature's lapp Him under mortall loade to creepe. 88 AT HOME IN HEAVEN. 1 give thy glories scope to blaze their light fitt that a starr. and did His wrath remove It made the rigour of His justice yelde. iii. . ' lest' ' is=least. This lul'd our heavenly Sampson fast asleepe. AT HOME IX HEAVEN". In st. in our flesh His This made Him sojourne with us in exile. ' least.

. . . This made And tast Him wander in our pilgrim-weede. Would soone to soules the crowne of beuty Queue Hester was of And graunt. TuENBULL has one of his most careless misprints X in st. ii. do not thy noble thoughtes abase. Give not assent to muddy-mynded skill. any mortall wight Content thy eye at home with. but God's. From death. That deemes the feature of a pleasing face To be the sweetest bayte to lure the will Not valewing right the worth of ghostly grace Let God's and angel Is' censure wynne beleife.. fioures of grace into a life to From world of briers. rare and peerolesse hew. our tormentes to releive our neede. If on thy bewty God enamored lesse Base be thy love of any then He. That of all . bewtyes judge our soules the cheife. §9 Him from the rancks of heavenly quires Into this vale of teares and cursed soyle . ! O soule To loose thy loves in Sith God Himself is ravisht with thy sight be. Judith once for bewty bare the vaunt But he that could our soules' endowments vew. AT HOME This brought Ii\ HEAVEN. the world hath none. . NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. native grace. soule ! out of thy self seeke God alone : Grace more then thyne. from blisse to balefull toyle.

But Trewe sely signes of God's high beautyes are.' the sense answers to Non est talis the saying of the Assja-ians in Judith xi. Sparkes to the fire. 1^0 shadow can with shadowed thinge compare. G. in heaven seeke thou thy sweete repast. line 6. All beautye's base. not worth so worthy love. Of. vigour' for ' ' be. line 2. And fayrest shapes. whereon our loves do ceaze. et in sensu verborum.' I have not met before or elsewhere with But see our Memorial-Introduction on vaunt' as thus used. bear the bell. v. more shoiild the paterne please . All grace to God. 19 mulier super terram in aspectu. the bearaes yeld to the sunne. If picture move. all graces are impure.' and bear the mastership. is' for rigour. in 1596 reads In st. bare the vaunt.' ' : ' ' ' ' ' LEWI) LOVE Misdeeming eye ! IS LOSSE. sterving sense. that stoopest to the lure Ofmortall worthes. v'ii. Gleane not in ban-ayne soyle these ofFall-eares.' It seems clear that vaunt' here is=the van or fore-front. the parallel phi-ases. Sith reape thou mayst whole harvests of delighte Base joyes -with greifes. Southwell and Shakespeare. . : Lewd love with losse.90 1. feede thou on earthly maste love. in pulchritudine.' St. That do thy erring thoughtes from God remove. evill peace with dedly fighte . 5. from Whome all graces runne. . ' LEWD LOVE ' IS LUSSE. bad hopes do end in feares. Go.

. Soone may the mynde be But hard it is imprisoned thoughtes to baylc. an eviU whose harmes no tongue can In which to live is death. have not the sweetest smell hell. Whose joyes in hope. Moth The grave of the mind. it A locke tishe proves. the mole of Nature's rust. the The wrack of wronge of every right. cast in Cupide's gaile. Or gracious features. Lett not the luringe trayne of phansies trapp. tell In summe. Till love hath left the hart in heavy thrall. to gett out the waie is not so wide. loath that love whose finall ayme is luste. LuU The Season's force asleepe in Error's to bent of Or drawe thy witt fayrest floures wanton will. that first was but a looke : with ease into the nett doth glyde.. laj^p. fly So long the doth dally with the flame. . In shyning shroud may swallowe fatall hooke Where The But eager sight on semblant faire doth waitc. fall Untill his singed winges do force his So long the eye doth foUowe phancie's game. . to die is hell. that play with beautye's bayt. whose hope concludes in peace. proofes of Nature's skill. eclipse of reason's lighte. of grace. witt. LEWD LOVE IS LOSSE. 91 God's love alone doth end with endlesse ease. . A seeminge heaven proves oft a damninge Selfe-pleasing soules.

' on the latter see our relative note on I die without desert' (st.' and by early medical writers. Your garden. in ' ' ' In st. is headed S. senseless mass of fleshy it matter=the moon-calf of our ancestors. i. the same sense in Appletou House. greif hedgd . but the mola oi Pliny and French ' mole. line 3. common is baite. in with thornes of envye And Your stakes of strife allies. line 3. . This poem. Vaynb loves. breed rough fittes of raging madnes. a false conception.. by misprinting 'is' for 'in. vii. 92 love's gardyne greife. ' Marvell uses in What need of all V impare the wanton mole of dust ' this marble crust . Your joye Fooles' deceite Your Jewells jestes. miswrites 'or' for 'on. line 6. Mary Magdalen's Traunce. nor yet mole a body-stain. line 4). arbours. .' TuRNBULL. and payne procureth. misprints folly' for sely . and worthies trash your treasure. enwrapt with shades of sadnes.' G. in 1616 and 1620 editions. St. He also makes nonsense of st. LOVE'S GAEDYN^E GEEIFE. avauiit ! infamous is your pleasure. v. our ms. ii. ii. errour gravelled with jelosye And Your cares of life are seates Your bancks. Your pallace a prison that allureth rest that To sweete mishapp. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. inole of Nature's rust' is not inoles a heap. or shapeless. line 4.' In st.

G. misprints 'branches' for . leaves words full Whose fruite misdeedes Whose sapp is synn. ' ' St. in st. you reape is misery. xxviii. Your gayne remorse and losse of all felicitye. ii. line 1) see relative note on Complaint' (st. are sowen with seedus of And poysening weedes. line 5). Garden [House] The heading is House was the name of the country = Gx'eife. Whose Whose bark Whose root is is ruth. Your gardener Satan.. ' <allies'=:alleys or gi-een embowered walks. Peter's In are. ii. coolest Your sommer gales are scalding syghinges. The Garden- On infamous' (st. . i.' st. or suhurban retreat of well-to-do citizens or town-dwellers. love's gardyne oueife. pyning corrosives. pith untruthe liew of birdes whose voyce deliteth. and was often made a place of assignation and intrigue. whose tymber stubborne phantasies. line 3. . soule's damnation. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 'bancks TuRNBULL. line 5. Whose stalkes cvill thoughts. bale. whose of vanitye. all iui(iuitye 93 Your Ledds.. On which Of iia guilty conscience screching note affrighteth. Your shoures are teares Your sweetest smell the stench Your favoures feares all of synnfull livinge. whose force and To banish grace and worke the Your trees are dismall plants of operacion.

till And Yea death the chooser desires. ayme not I seeke such fame as feareth and finde a light that ever shynes : Whose glorious beames display such heavenly As yeld my soule the summe of all delightes. rest. To I beautye's fading blisse I I am no thrall bury not at my thoughtes in mettall mynes fall . It was averred with approvinge seald with vow. It shall be followed with performinge deede.. FEOM FOETUNE'S EEACH. Light giddy humours. Or fane to shewe the change of every winde. yet never choose the best. though finall date of vayne Endes not my choise. kill. . My choise was guided by foresightfull heede. stinted to no Still change their choyse. I setled have an unremoved mynde I scorne to be the game of Phancie's chase. . Lett fickle Fortune ninn her blyndest race. . which with no tyme expires. will . death. sightes.

dotli guide. 'to' for of. To life that lives by love. iv. line 4. Samuel Smiles has recently worthily revived the memory of this gi'eat ' The Englishman. line 2 is a cnrious (incidental) indication that metal mines' began in Elizabeth's reign to be Shortly thereafter Sii* Hugh Myddleearnestly sought after. to "VVhome all loves are tyd By duest debt. love of one. ' in' for ' to' in st. i. my love to life. and loveth lighte . line 5. to whom was due the New River water-supply.422. — FROM fortune's REACH. iii. and line 3. TuRNBULL misprints still. worse ' light' for ' ' life' in st. 95 My By light to love. . soule's truest He is. and. ' vane' (as in 1596) ' is spelled ' fane' in our MS. and in Addl. harte's love. ton.' mettall mynes' of st. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. and never-equalld right life Eyes' light.. line 1. Consorting in three joyes one perfect blisse. 10. In St. i. biss. gained much wealth from his silver-lead mines in Wales.

rest is he with him no mate for He me. whose faith Whose trust is founde untrue If he have helde is cras'd. He that his Whose comfort is to rue. . cannot cease to mone. That feeles no plaint or laclce. the smallest sweete all his Be mixt with soure If in the day. the moneth. Yett not the wished deathe. DYEE'S PHANCY TURNED TO A SINNEK'S COMPLAINTE. makinge free the better parte. Whose tyme in teares. in ruth. That. Whose hope is falne. them deere. He Then feele one lightninge houre. the yere. selfe . lett him take his place by me . myrth hath lost. whose race Whose life a death must be. He But if shall not rue alone. Is onely Nature's wracke : . And Come..

Whose knowledge Where Vertue a bloodye feilde. slayne doth lye Whose hart the alter is And hoast. revenge. My pliancies are like thornes In which I go by nighte .My frighted witts are like a hoaste That force hath put to flighte. Yet threttens worse behinde. That allwaies yeldes extremest pangues. sheAV how ftiire it the building was.. . My sence is Passion's spie. As one that lives in shewe. advauncd. My Which thoughtes like ruyns old. 97 O no! tliat were too well is My death of the mynde. And inwardly doth dye is . . eyes . dyer's piianct turned to complainte. His good doth promise love. And still before myne My mortall fall they laye Whom Grace and Yertue once ^ow synne hath cast away. . . a God to move From whome my evell doth feare . While grace did upholde.

. My And hlisse was in the springe . my woe My horror fastned in the yea . day by day the fruite I eate. I a heavy harvest reape cares that never stynte. In is and shall. peace. ! . but now accurste In ivas. My hope hang'd in the noe. Sometyme the But now store of quiett rest. Sometyine the seate of joye. The tyme ! best frames to the worste place ! where thus I fell Deere then. . . My Where Of The feild is turn'd to flynte. 98 dyer's phancy turned thoughtes ! no thoughtes. the life. lott. To nettles no we my come. stands my delighte. Were happy but by their losse My smarte doth stinge the more. 1 sow'd the soyie of peace . the rest. That Vertue's tree did bringe. of all annoye. but woundes. That I enjoy 'd of yore. So to unhappye menn.

such is my estate. Or I coulde it excuse . By pleasure now forgotten. 99 Unworthy Too of releife. but Grace's wage Have others from me gotten. Of nothing els but care and plaint Can she Forsaken the mynde by assure. Grace where is the joye That makes thy tormentes sweete 1 Where is the cause that many thought 1 Their deathes through thee but meete Wliere thy disdayne of synne. that a dreanie of feyncd losse My judgement did abuse! . thy heavenly That sliyned erst so brighte ] raye. Thy secreet sweete delite ] Thy sparkes of blisse. Then. (I findo too well. the ende That pleasure doth procure.TO A sinner's complainte. firste grace.) Too well stoode Behould. Her payne I feele. O that they were not loste.s. it Tliat craved too late. late I finde.

100 dyer's phancy turned O frayle inconstant fleshe Soone trapt in every gynn Soone -wrought thus to betray thy And plunge thy self in synne Yett hate I but the faulte. Not that I looke henceforthe erst I For love that Sith that I brake founde . Then wliich was never worse. . I cannot sett at noughte Whome I cannot I have held so deare afarre. Yett God's must I romayne. old. . by Avronge. By death. And ISTe not the faltye one.! ! ! . can I rid from That forceth me the mate me to mono . in yonge or In blissd or full of curse. To moane a synner's case. make Him seeme is That in dede so neere. In prince or poore. soule. by shame harte I cannot blott out of my That gTace wrote in His name. my plighted truth To build on fickle grounde.

remembrance of faltes of my crymes. . my vow gave me . Untill they feede on mee. TO A sinner's complainte. My The hard fate to fullfill. My My My exercise. curse. And scourge none is yeld me captive to my too ill. The woormes my feast shall be.. . Both vow and gift shall stande. My teares shall be my wyne. solitarye woode shall My citye become shall be The darkest denns In which I my : lodge rest or come A sandy plott my borde. 101 Yet that sliall never fayle faith bare in Which my I gave hande . : bedd a craggy rocke My harmonye the serpente's hysse. But I since that I have synnd. Wherewith my carcas shall be fedd. remorse And And dolefuU sinners' layes booke. former dayes. my vow. . The screeching oule my clocke.

. in' for ' Hannah reads here pain' for plaint . line 2. Wherein I sterve and pyne . Hannah reads is' for it' by inadvertence st. the pathe of playnte My prospect into hell. I print too. yields cori-ections of all previous texts and Dr. is preferable: st. in st. and Haeleian.g. has given Southwell's poem. vi. et alibi. Hannah. iii. The feyning figure forth My Yet is fall my carefull and my exile : my greife not fayn'd. notes and illustrations. have' for hate :' I have adopted Ne' for Nor' ' : ' ' ' ' : : ' ' ' ' ' ' ' .' Complaint. Hannah misreads joys' for raycs. Dk. but 'raycs. : e.' but our ms. XXV. line 2. Hannah wiU he pleased to find his own confirmed.' In the Haeleian ms. V. :' st. iv. it is Maister diers De. ' in' for ' a :' line 2. and 1596 agi-ee in reading plaint. the latter. as in this very piece st. The difference hetween a mind of real insight and a mere pretender could not he hetter illustrated than hy a comparison of the poem as given in Courtly Poets and Tuenbull's . 102 dyer's phanoy turned to complainte. line 4.' as in our bis.' following 1596. 1596 is simply A Pliansie turned to a Sinner's .' which is also a favourite word with our Poet. Our ms. his cursed crewe Where Judas and In endles paynes do dwell. and Sir Edward Dyer's. line 3 so Dr. hast If his compare with myne. and Harleian ms. Tuenbull misprints wrapt' for ' trai>t :' st. ' line 4. .' not to :' st. st. i. ib. along with Lord Brooke's The title in ' ' . ' ' lighting' for ' lightninge no:' Dr. xxiv. My walke. And To though I seeme to use poet's stile. plight. Who feeleth most shall thinke it lest. xviii. . line 1. xxii. in his Courtly Poets from Raleigh to Montrose (1870). ' line 3 reads 'salve' for 'falne :' st.

In eaves sole sparowe sitts not more alone. Edward Dyer in DAVID'S PECCAVI. xlii. taught to know the worth of Vertue's joyes. xxx. Brooke. . for lovinge phancie's toyes. The dolefull eccho of my waylinge minde . Which. I may be permitted to refer for more on the series of poems of which this forms one. Ruth my rest. G. Than sely I. to my Works of Lord : ' from 159G here ' 3. 145-154. . line carefull'=full of cares. vol. My Yet This sleape kil'd is rather death then deathe's allye. greife my delight. blisfuU : tyme ! was Vertue's meede Ayme But to my thoughtes. ib. My Day teares my drinke. pp. the change of for my ill changed choise. Doth hate it self.. and to my collected Poems of Sir Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies. Nov mourning pelican in desert wilde. nurse of unrest the nighte. feares now my pheares. for comfortes cares I finde To pleasing tunes succeedes a playninge voyce. as in Piiinkas Flktcher: st. 103 ' st. that solitary mone. From highest hopes to hardest happ exild Sometyme. David's peccavi. xliii. guide to are my word and deede. with murdring pangues I cannot dye. vol. iii. My garmentes gives. line 2. has' for bare :' st. my famisht thoughtes my bredd full of dumpes. line 4=If his [lie] compare. a bloody feilde is my bedd . iv.

line 1. V. 1596 reads ' chaunce' for ' change . skill. The rebell wonne.' so 1630. to Both deede and dome I have deserved blame. phancy deem'd fitt guide to leade my waie. lost his ayme and will was phancie's pray . And Witt as I deem'd I did pursue her track.422 gyves. may ii.' Tuknbull blunderingly amends by reading give. 1596 speUs giues. iii. will mend. 10. iv. But now sith phancye did with foUye end. ' ' Complaint :' and and others.' 1630 gj'ues.' our ms. lU deede But witt and though not ill dome. xxviii. G. ' ' Tuenbull mis- prints ' In' for ' I.' Line 4. 1596 reads rebels' and rulers.' St. ' .' not fancye. deem'd'=judged. pheares'^ companions (as a husband). line 2. St. will muste nowe confesse with shame. Line ' 4. Or sutle traynes misledd my steppes awrye. The with it title in 1620 edition is ' St.' was the author's word. as before. ' ' ' ' acles or chains. ' Turnbull again provokes us with misprinting ' away' for ' ' awrie. losse.' Additional ms. line 1. My foyle had founde excuse in want of I might.' not seeing that the word is gyves'=manSt. Peter's st. be compared that poem. denye. gives. Witt bought with wiU taught by witt. the ruler went to wracke. St. line 2.' In such case probably faucyes.104 If wiles of witt David's peccavi. had overwroughte my will. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

: SYNNE'S HEAVY LOADE. yea flatt fall to the grounde.. This globe of earth doth Tliy one finger propp. my faultes oppreste. That makes Thee bowe. The poyse thereof His flesh coulde not abide. Nor made Thee bowe. Synne ! howe huge and heavye all is thy waight. of sweat drew not a dropp. . Alas ! if What will God Himself sincke under become of man that dies synne. O Lord ! my sinne doth overchardge force The poyse thereof doth Yea. much lesse fell on Thy But now Thou hast a loade so heavyc founde. Much more they woulde in hell have pestred me. therein 1 p . And bloody sweate runnestricklingefromThybrowe to earth thus pressed Thee. That wayest more then the worlde beside Of which when Christ had taken in His fraighte. . Thy breste. The worlde Thou Yet all this dost within Thy hand embrace face waight. flatt Thou fallest with But had they not Thy knees to bowe .

Or if I still in Earth ! must nedes be shrynde. ols with Thee to take me to the skye ! .lOG First flatt synne's heavy loade. all . Then. So is she mother of man's other parte. receive. with them thy Deitye to have . As thus to kysse the grounds where he doth goe ! Thou. fall. Lord on Earth come And Or ether yelde with me in earthe to lye. In closett pure of Marye's virgin breste fallst. Dost prostrate now Thy heaven our earth to blisse As God to earth Thou often wert severe. Thy soule awaye to Satan's cave was Thy cors in tombe to shroude. That severally should shortely prostrate Christ ! erect fall Lord ! lett Thy my croked mynde my flight from earth fall . Thou fellst where earth did Thee . : . And now Thou Thou loving Lord ! of earthe to take kissest it as cause of that so dost Thy Thy unreste love Thy foe : leave. Now then in one Thou joyntly yealdest to earth all. obtayne . yet once againe . As man Thou sealst a peace with bleedinge kisse For as of soules Thou common father art. minded in Thy heaven our earth to weare. She shortly was And And yelde She shortly to drincke Thy dearest bloode.

' ii. 1. inadvertently reads 'awaye. line 6. ' 1596 reads 'Or if I needes must still in eai*th G. as the present day gives rather the idea of balance.' 1596 Ne. line B. V. NEW POMPE. St. line 4. ' in preference to Nor. In freesing winter nighte. little no man will yelde . 1. line 1. ms. vi. I note this. enquire An orient perle often founde In depth of dirty mire. vii. . 1596 and 1630 properly have 'a way' Earth is to yield a way or passage for thy soul to Satan's cave. our ms. pilgrime bedd is But forc'd He with sely beastes In cribb to shroude His headd. ' St. NEW POMPE. 10. a sely teuder Babe. NEW Behould PEINCE.' I have adopted boll and our ms.' and Turnbull so misjirints. our ms.. Addl.' Turnbull misprints ' the' for Thy. In homely manger trembling Alas.422 reads 'synnes. MS. line 4.' as in and Turn- St. NEW PRINCE. iii. Addl. &c. . poyse' is =: poize.' as in 1596. St. inadvertently reads St. 107 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Line 6. again Turnbull misprints several' for severally. 10. ' ' poise' in the' for ' ' she. i.' = ' ' St. a pitious sighte ! lies The inns This are full.' Line 2.422 reads it Nee' for ' ' Nor. Despise not First "What Him for He is is lyinge there.

' I read His' for this a frequent misprint. The wodden dishe His The parsons in that poore attire liveries is His royall weare . ' ' ' ' ' ' ' On ' siUy' (line 1) see relative note onward. Christian wighte ! Do homage to thy Kinge And highly prise His humble pompe Which He from heaven doth bringe. Tuknbull. 108 NEW PRINCE. This stable is The The cribb His chaire of State beastes are parcell of Hin pompe. His wodden beastes that Nor by Him feede attire. With joy approch. misprints praise' for prise. . The Prince Himself This pompe is come from heaven. after 1630 .. dislie. Line 9. prised there. Waye not His cribb. . Way not His mother's poore Nor Josephe's simple weede. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. NEW POMPE. G.' and 1634. Tuenbull misprints praised' for prized :' line 27. 1596 reads Despise Him not :' line 24. on ' I die without dessert' (line 4). . a Prince's conrte. plate.

in to fiery heates I frye. and scorn es The The fuell Justice layeth on. with His teares were fedd ! quoth He. . the ashes shame . coales. and Mercy blowes the mettall in this fornace wrought are men's defiled soules. Love is the fire. such floodes of teares did shedd. As I in hoary Winter's night stood shivermgo in the snowe. As though His Alas floodes should quench His flames which . but newly borne. which made my was hart to glowe And liftinge upp a fearefull eye to vewe what « fire nere.. Yet none approch but I ! warme their hartes or feele my fire My faultles brest the fornace is. Surpris'd I was with sodaync heat. A prety Babe peare. did in the ayre ap- Who scorched with excessive heate. the fuell woundinge thornes. THE BUENING BABE. and sighes the smoke. all burninge bright.

' ' ' ' :' line 6. yowe heavenly quu-es to your heaven. . and swiftly shroncke awaye. NEW WAEEE. Let cherubs' winges His boody swath . A stall is nowe His beste aboade Sith men their homage do denye. ! : 110 NEW HEAVEN. seraphins. Earth hath the heaven of your desires Eemove your dwellinge to your God. And straight I daye. NEW WARRE. caRhd unto mynde that it was Christmas- NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. . in liew of This little fire ark no cover hath. nowe on fire I am. angells. Turnbull misreads exceeding with what' for which with. His chilling could doth heate requu-e.. to worke them to their good. Come. all their fault supply. also mis- NEW Come HEAVEN. See our Meinorial-Introductiou for Ben Jonson's Conversation' with Drummond of Hawtliornden on this poem. . So will I melt into a bath to washe them in My bloode With this He vanisht out of sight. Come. as For which. ' reads Line 5.

when He doth crye.. . little babe so fewe dales olde. Raphiell. His borowed weede letts not your sight Come. weake unarmed wise The gates of hell He will surprise. Prouide our this Ill babe must eate. That first tooke upp His earthly roome Let Michell stand in His defence. Let Graces rocke. His naked breste standes His battering shott are babishe His arrowes. Come. NEW HEAVEN. . Let Gabriell be nowe His groome. angells singe His lullybye. Though He Him For in this self for cold do shake .. kysse the maunger where That This Is is He lies . Whome And love hath linckd to feeble sence . His martiall ensignes. your blisse aboue the skyes. feild. And feeble fleshe His warrier's steede. NEW WARRE. . cryes. lookes of weepinge eyes. come to rifle Satan's foulde All hell doth at His presence quake. "With teares He fightes and wynnes the for a sheilde. He that now suckes Marye's teate Agnize your Kinge a mortall wighte. colde and neede. The same yow sawe Is in heavenly seate. little Tobie meate.

' pitched line 6 in 1596 reads the' for this. line G. iii. In St. Tobit vi. His campe is pitched in a stall. My soule. The angells' trumpes alarum sounde. Turnbull misprints faults. The cribb His trench. 1596 reads dight' for pight. as sure His foe to wounde. line 2 there is a B placed opposite in our ms. . babe will be thy garde thow wilt foyle thy foes with joye. line 5.' G. His bulwarke but a broken wall. iv. 'agnize' is hinders not: ^acknowledge or recognize: line 4. His' for in same. stakes = used defensively in the manner of palisades ' ' ' and the like in st. . ii. I adopt 'his' for 'this' from 1596: in st. line 6. letts not in st. line 2. 3-5 in st. with Christ joyne thow in fighte Sticke to the tents that He hath pight Within His cribb This If little is sureste warde. line 3. Of shepeherdes He His muster makes And thus. Turnbdll misprints I know not ' : : = ' : ' The :' ih.' emptying the expressiveness st..— why. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. i. the latter = : ' : . vii. NEW WARRE. 112 NEW HEAVEN. line 3. . viii. hay-stalkes His stakes. Then flitt not from this heavenly boye.

in. M^ONI^. .

Poems. Oxford. : — nor contradict your resolues by denying your former iudgements. I continue the arrangement of 1596. One thing amongst the rest I am to admonish thee of.' : : Collation: title-page and epistle. which els should die in an obscure sacrifice. the next that should follow is Christ's Natiuity. I owe thanks to the authorities of Jesus College. the one so needfully depending vpon the other. would not for so small a mite of money loose so rich a treasure of heauenly wisdome as these two treatises should minister unto him. not hauing already bought Peter's Complaint. ' . pp. The basis of our text is the Stonyhuest ms. The original title-page of Maeoniae is given opposite this . but stiU bee your selues discreetely vertuous nor could I other wish but that the courteous reader of these labors. G. As before in MjTtae. 4 pp. Hauing beheld (kind Gentlemen) the numberlesse ludges of not to be reckoned labom's. are . . but being afore printed in the end of Peter's Complaint. I thought it a charitable deede to giue them life in your memories. with what kind admiration you haue entertained the Diuine Complaint of holy Peter and hauing in my hands certaine especiall Poems and diuine Meditations. that hauing in this treatise read Marie's Visitation. The following Epistle from 1595 Mseoniaj will best find place here The Printer to the Gentlemen Readers. &c. 32 (4to). full as woorthie. and in the Epistle below. . : various readings. save that under Mgeoniae will be found certain poems that belong to this division rather than to the other as pointed out in relative notes. as in the others. belonging to the same. we haue heere of purpose omitted that thoii shouldest not be abridged of that and the other like comforts which that other treatise profereth thee.: NOTE. Gently imbrace them. and in Notes and Illustrations at the close of each poem. For the bihliography of MiTBoniae see our Preface. and for our exemplar of the exceedingly rare volume. Your's (kind Gentlemen) in all his abilities. gentle censurers of gentle indeuors so shall you not be fantastike in diuersity of opinions. I[ohn] B[usbie].

MceonicB. London Printed by Valentine Sims. All composed by R. for John Biisbie. as being both Di- uine a?id Wittie. S. Printer's ornament. vnto to being there- be annexed. 1595- . CERTAINE excellent Poems and Spiri- tual! Hymnes : Omitted in the last Impression of Peters fieedefull Complaint.

Fower onely wightes bredd without fault are nam'd. Shall bringe the good that shall our evill amende. but her mite. THE CONCEPTION OF OUR LADIE. . That growing shall distill the shoure of grace Her being now begins. . but not of wife. Our second Eve putts on her mortall shrowde. What Grace to men or angeUs God did Was all united in this infant's hart. did Eve beginne Wife without touch of man Christ's mother was. her lest. Both Grace and Nature did their force unite To make She was this babe the summ worth of all their best least : Our most. Of man and wife this babe was bredd in grace. And all the rest conceived were in synne Without both man and wife was Adam fram'd. our million. Of man.. .. all at easyest rate the reste part. who. Nowe ryseth upp Elias' little cloude. Earth breedes a heaven for God's new dwellingplace . ere she ende.

V. St. And bringeth life to Adam's dyinge race. .' and line 6.' hredd :' 1596 reads ' home. The card and compasse that from shipwracke The patriark and prophettes were the floures Which Tynie by course of ages did distill. .3 4 : Quot latent miracula Fiet haic iiubicula In vim magiiam pluvia. OUR LADIe's NATIVITYE. 117 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. is line 4. In 1596 this St. headed The Virgine Marie's Conceptiou. Hy. That shall bringe forth the Sunne that lent her light Joy in the peace that shaU conclude our warr.' Cf. in the risinge of our orient starr. ui. Gaudii primordium. And cidld into this little cloude the shoures Whose gracious droppes the world with joy shall fill Whose nioysture suppleth every soule with grace.' G. used on Nat. 'oitr good' for 'the good. OUE Jo YE LADIE'S NATIVITYE.' Turnbull misprints showers' for shoure ' ' ' . two Tota plena gratia:' line 13. .. And soone rebate the edge of Saton's spight all Load-starr of engolfd in worldly waves> saves. of each of the next stanzas are contained in lines of a later stanza of the same hymn ' line : The themes 7.. B. on 11. ' ' Tota sine macula. line 6. i. .

st. misreads blunderingly. = the Line 2. Ixxx. . iii. &c. ' ' Stella maris. i. 5. cf. yet free from mortall seede For heavenly floure she is the Jesse redd The childe of man. line 5. lines 3-4. 1630 and 1634 misprint after 1596 which TuRNBULL repeated. St. cf.' Litany of B. she the royall throne. niortall The chosen cloth to make His weede The quarry to cutt out our Corner-stone. little. Ave maris stella. Mortal=deadly. yet free from. ' 1596 reads 'inclosed' for engolfed:' so 1630 also.' Holy Rosary. Soyle fuU of fruite.V. Ornat sol justitice.. Line . Quot micat luminlbus Snis Deiis usibus. and line 2. is For God. Peter's Complaint. ' rebate' =hlunt. on Earth. Hy. Domum quam Moxe qua nos inhabitet visitet. ' ii. Line 3.' of hymn at VeBpers of F. line 3. or the morning-star in the East. reads this . Quod vas fingit glorije.' but as His' 1596. line 1. or Litany of Loretto . i. the parent of a God. &c. line 2.' is in : ' ' Soile full of. : ' ' st. i. our ms. cf. I prefer it 1596 in line 3 reads his Line 4. st. steUa maris' being stella matutina. 4. 118 OUR LADIe's NATIVITYE. St. aU mortaU seed .' and again Tuenbull perpetuates. Punda nos in pace. .' Line 9. see relative note on the Conception of our Ladie. ' ' is better. with a people who had the sea eastward of them. „ 6. Line 11. of the hymn Alma Redemptoris ' :' Stella matutina. 1634. call'd. ' Ave maris : ' stella. St. cf.. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. St. and relative note 1596 and 1630 misprint care' for card. Gaudii. Peter's Complaint. Hy. Mutans Evse nomen.' St.

mss.' the Vulg. in AdcU. To save herself and childe from To end the webb whereof the thredd was spoone. His Sonne. etjlos de Branch. And by chast childbirth doubled her renowne. blessM man to ! betrothd to such a spouse. 10. Wherein He was Just cause to to plante the tree of life title bare. XJntovy^chd of man. wives'. Vers. : OUR ladye's spousalls. yet virgin did she die.' Jesse's :' in 1596 and 1630 be noted.. All vayne delites Avere farre from their assent Though both Yet strait in wedlock bands them selves assurde. their chast entent Thus had she and widowes' crowne. that while Auth.' ' may ' — ' In 1596 the poem is not divided into stanzas. Unwonted workes with wonted veyles to hide. Isaiah xi. yet mother of a sonne fatall lye. More blessd Hve with such a childe in house ! Noe carnall love this sacred league procurde. and so throughout in this series. reads here radice ascendet. God lent His paradice to Josephe's care. Wife did she live. of Joseph's childe the make the mother Josephe's wife. . Line ' 119 5.422 It ' lessa. In mariage knottes to Josephe she was tyde.' G. The heading is simply Her Natiuitie.' Cf. has flower. ' OUR LADYE'S SPOUSALLS. . . by vow they seald virgins'.

12U OUR ladie's salutation. life doth nowe beginn. Spell Eva backe and Ave shall yowe Tlie first finde. line 5. line 2.' G. Hayle fayrest heaven. 1596 reads badly betrotb'd too much. blisse. 1596 misreads Vntaught' for Untowchd.n ! . In 1596 tbe heading 1596 and 1630 read tbe' for sbe. God sonne of justice is Whose chaste receite God more then heaven did prize.' 1596 misreads wiles' for veyles. Line St. .' Line 3. ii. . beganne. that heaven and earth dost Where vertewes starres. 1596 reads ' ' bis' for ' tbis. cbaste' for strait . iii.' and 1.596. i.' and so 1630. 4. 1596 reads Tbougb both tbemselues. line 1. 1630 and 1634 read ' ' so TCRNBULL.' and so 1680.' ' ' ' ' ' St. Line 5. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 6. the last reversd our harmes An angell's witching wordes did Eva blynde. vhgin brest ! In thee their joy and soveraigne they agnize Too meane their glory is to match with thyne. the heavens to thee inclyne. sv. St. is simply ' ' ' OUR LADIE'S SALUTATION. An angell's Ave disinchauntes the charmes Death first : In woeman's vertue by woeman's weakenes entred in.' Her Spousalls.

Hist. Witli lovinge mind our And us by love in greater pleasure placd Man labouring to ascend procurd our fall. 11. 112. St. 176. . as in 1596 and other early and later editions. Line 2. 412. St. p. line 4. ii. our MS. line 1. OUR ladie's salutation. 1596. and also Coventry Mysteries. Line 5. 6. St. i. and elsewhere reads the' for Throughout I give the present forms. ill. see relative note on Our Ladie's Natiuitie. . 1630 and 1634 read did' for dost.' and so 1630 in Agnize'=acknowledge.' &c. error.' In 1596 the heading is The Virgin's Salutation..' This poem bears throughout. here ' ' ' thee. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. as elsewhere.' ii. Cf also Audaeni Epigi-. p. And was by pride from place of pleasure manhead God desird. lines 1-2.' and Halliwell's note. 46. "With hauty 121 mynd to Godhead man aspird. chasd . as does The Visitation. reads ' starres' inadvertently. ' Soc). Tubnbull misprints 'And as by love' ' for ' us. line IG (Sliaks. iii.. 1596 misreads 'In thee they joy. Here this name Eva is turned Ave.' and to' for ' too. line 3. The quotation from Coventry Mysteries is given incorDram.' ' ' ' . i. recollections of the hymn ' Gaudii. rectly in Collier. St. God yelding to descend cut off our thrall. our ms.

By stronge conjectures deemeth her defilde But Love. Poore Joseph. JOSEPHE'S AMAZEMENT. by grouth. Avrought with divers fittes of feare and love. . N"ow Sence. Thinkes rather Sence deceiv'd then her with child . death seem'd his best releife reli-^h The In pleasing relis of his former love gallish thoughtes to bitter tast doth prove. his eyes in teares were drounde. . His life a losse. Could cloake a thinge so and playne Then Joseph.. When Christ. He nether can her free nor fanltye prove. . that cleare no pretence to sence. "With doubtes of jelious thoughtes was sore opprest And. Let loose the reynes to undeserved greife His hart did throbb. the wakefull spie of jelious mynde. . straunger yet to God's intent. blynde. Yet procfes so pregnant were. daunted with a deadly wounde. disclosed His descent Into the pure receite of Marye's breste. in dome of thinges best loved.

Teares drowne the guides. And was (quoth he) my love so lightly prysed And was our sacred league so soone forgott 1 1 Could vowes be voyde. by sight of his aboade.. He casts his inn. Presentes the signe of mysesteemed shame. he doth depart. against his will. still ere he can frame his till all feete to goe. Then mighty reasons presse flyes him to remayne. Where every wounde upon the giver lightes. But t'other's loth uncerten wayes to treade He But takes his fardell for his needefull store. She whome he doth winne him home againe.. keepe on his pace straight remorse so rackes his ruing hart. could vertues be despisd 1 Could such a spouse be staynd with such a spott wretched Joseph ! 1 that hast livd so longe. . a feilde he fightes. Of faithfull love to reape so grevous wronge ! . Eepenting every step]) that backe he trode. to a That hasting thoughtes yeld pawsing space . 123 One foote lie often setteth forth of doore. But when his thought. conclude in noe. josephe's amazement. greif addinge force. He But will. the tongue the feete doth blame Thus warring with himself. where first he meanes to bead . Love Avynneth tyme Sometyme.

. 124 ' josephb's amazement. But Josephe's word I -vvishe shall never live. the wildes shall be my walke. worke her woe : her leave to not dome to dye I not her foe. the lest I can.: . Yett. to loose what joy'd to finde. to shunne that amisse. is this. AVliose good might have repaide the deepest ill Sweete signes of purest thoughtes in saintly face Assurd the eye of her unstayned will. . Complainte my joye. my rausicke mourninge layes With pensive greives in silence will I talke. Could such a worme breede in so sweete a Avood 1 Coulde ill so chast demeanure lincke untruth 1 Could Vice lye hidd where Vertue's image stoode 1 Where hoary sagenes graced tender youthe 1 Where can afFyance rest. in this seeminge lustre. Exile my home. Sad thoughtes shalbe That seekes my guides in raoste it sorowe's wayes : This course best suites the care of curelesse mynde. seeme to lye Such crymes for which the lawe condemns to die. Though fortune myne. is Sithe none may salve. . All proofes did promise hope a pledge of grace. to rest secure ] In Vertue's fayrest seat faithe is not sure. She yett am to her self lesse lovinge is then I least The most I will.

' line 2. st. 125 Like stocked tree whose braunches all do fade. with relation to the meaning of receipt' and brest. i. ' gallish' shows that our text from our MS. a foe to loathe. the word . iii. St. iii. as in sitting at the Cf. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.. and Sinne's Heavy Load. See also St.422. 9. and as in 1596 as well as in Addl. The Visitation.. . she drawes. shift roomes in vayne. . and the emendation in Turnbull. line 2. that shift no fittes. iiss. fly from that his harte doth feele 1 What chaunge of place can change implanted payne? Steele Kemovinge moves no hardnes from the Sicke hartes. what helpes the closed eye ? Where Yett hart pursues. iv. . is right. St. line 2.. ii. line 6. line 3. Where thought can see. St. dome' = doom or judgment. ' ' ' Amazement. And throwen But who can in darkest shades of deepe annoye. an impertinence and wrong. And in suspence I hange betwene them both. depart and stay She is a frende to love. she heales. Matthew ix. perisht fruite decaie Where darkenes So dye must I. line 3. receipt of custom. st. I come. &c. she doth both marr and mend. i. Whose leaves do fall and Like herb that growes in colde and barrayne shade. josephe's amazement. 10. she drives away She woundes.' Joseph's St. I tredd a what gaynes the dovibtfull foote to'Sye? still maze of end I goe. drives all qnickninge heate away cutt from my roote of joye. receite'=place of receipt. . She makes me seeke and shunn.

line 3.' Our Poet was thinking of it was in my mouth as sweet as honey. St. wherein the lover exclaims against Fortune for the loss of his lady's favour. X. Tuenbull misreads So must I die. to ' stock" a tree is to cut gi-aff it down. sleep.: 126 ' THE VISITATION. St.' It originally St. and as soon as I had eaten it. ' — St. Apoc. derives this sense of it from wi-estling but it is simpler to consider it as either a soothsaying or gaming sense. to neighhour hand she bendes. perhaps we have here a reference. leave a ' stock' on which to ' THE VISITATION. probably 'luste. Line 5. line 4. her helth to sicke she lends. V. line 5. casts ' Line ^ determines = St. fardell =: burden. my belly was bitter.' stood and is changed to lustre' (apparently) as in 1596. or from the casting' of nativities. With pilgrimm foote upp tyring hills she trodd. the soveraigne of saintes. Her hart to God. if not a quofrom the song Fortune my foe. which reads in taste doth bitter prove. iv. why dost thou frown on me and it is the more applicable that this song is a sweet sonnet. almost past hope to get it again. Richardson s. Proclaym^d queene and mother of a God. v. line 3. taken from the casting of lots or dice. 1596 reads ' raging' for ' ' ruing. 4. x. ix. . And heavenly stile vpith handmayds' toyle acquaints Her youth to age. line 3. is corrected by S. i.' G.' Line 5. 10.' 1596 reads stupidly done the guide. Tuenbull misiwints less :' lest =: least. of five letters. ?' ' ' ' St. in his mind. . Bead is bed. The light of Earth. line 1. vi.e.' amaricatus est venter meus. and the reference here is to that part of the stock and branches so cut off. as a ' word Our ms. so as to some other. tation. xii.

line 1. Line 6. 5. ' Line 1630 and 1634 misread her selfe' for ' her helth :' and TuRNBULL repeats the blunder. Luke i. She 'themes' or gives the words in which the voice of Elizabeth finds expression. That when her voyce her cosen's eares possest The force thereof did force her babe to move : With secreet signes the children greete ech other. songe to the tune she bringes. 42. Luke i. Lines 5-6. and thus gives articulate song to the joyful time. ii. her self from fall to save : Worde to the voyce. But open praise ech leaveth to his mother. . 56. 'prince. line 1. 2 : a usage not infrequent.422 differs only in orthographic changes. Word' in line 5 is probably used in a double sense Southwell being almost as fond of such double uses as Shakespeare and her ditty' is both her song. St. St. St. line of our Ladie. St. i. iii. iii. 10. 39. ' — — ' St. Addl. G. Eternall lightes inclosed in her breste Shott out such percing beames of burning love. .words and the song about her. Her child from harme. line 2. Mss. 127 beare. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. or made in her praise. the tune her ditye singes. st. A prince she is.^ So in the Assumption st. The voyce her word. line 3.THE VISITATION. St. i. and mightier prince doth Yet pompe of princely trayne she would not have But doubtles heavenly quires attendant were. see relative note on Our Ladle's Salutation. Luke i.

is. Gift better then Him self Gift better then his God dotli not knowe. this Light. of yeres an hower hath not outrunne. Mighte feeble and Force doth fayntely creepe. This Life. from deaphnesse. Eehould The old the father is His daughter's sonne. the Mirth of heaven doth weepe. doth nowe beginn. Him self He freely gave me. and none but God shall have me. dyinge soules ! behould your living springe ! ! dazeled eyes behould your sunne of grace ! Dull eares. THE NATIVITY OF CHEISTE. from darke. from despayres. God no man can see This gift doth here the giver given bestowe. . is The bird that Eternall built the nest hatchd therein. heavy hartes. : Gift to this gift lett ech receiver bee God is my gift. God's gift am I. this Word. life to live is The Worde dunim. this Joy repaires.. with joye your joy embrace From death. attend what word this Word doth bringe ! ! Upp.

we have heere of purpose omitted that thou shouldest not he abridged of that and the other like comforts. that hauing in this treatise read Marie's Visitation. : As haye the brutest synner to refreshe feilde wherein this foder grewe. introducing Maeonic-e (1595). as noted in the place. our ms. . which is mine now. inadvertently reads sunne' of 1596. . the next that should follow is Christ's Natuity hut being afore printed in the end of Peter's Complaint. cii. ' In st. Ixxxix.' G. (xc.' present poem but in so doing reveals he had never seen. which Tuenbtill so places the that other treatise profereth thee. Beste's foode haye. THE NATIVITY OF GHRISTE. xl. iv. One thing amongst the rest I am to admonish thee of. angels. To the Gentlemen Readers' the printer In his Epistle (John BusWe). ' ' . haye is all mortall Now God happy is fleshe. and lyes in mannger prest. or at least never used. (ciii. iii. I am the gift which I have gifts' given to God. line 2.' as there required. His angels' = His gifts to Is. line 2. So elsewhere. says. Omnis caro fenum.' except Ps. ' summe' for lines 17-18. which has herba. 6 and Ps. give 'hay. 15 the parallel passages. Turnbull similarly misprints lives' for lyes. Vers. the 1595 edition.) 5.' all ' Auth. 129 heast fleslie Man altred was by synn from man is to best .). and ' ' . Wliose taste doth us from beastes to men renewe ! NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.. St. but essentially a gift from another so next line — God's ' gift am I ' — and is. Line 3. &c. that is the gift is bestowed on me— that . St. ii.

. With weeping eyes His mother reu'd His smart. springe rock gives yssue to a heavenly from wounded place. This sacred deaw let : angells gather upp. from all offences do redounde . . fleshe did perce her hart. to heaven. No blowe that hitt the Sonne the mother miste. blood runnes of joy a harvest bringe Wliich showers. THE cmCUMSISION. If bloode from Him. The head is launc'd to worke the With angring salve it smartes To The falty vassall's scourges is cast.life and her's hunge by one fatall twiste. Teares from His eyes. to lende the starre his of life distilleth droppes of grace. defac'd. bodie's cure. teares rann from her as fast The knife that cutt His The payne that Jesus felt did Marye tast His . pure. to healc our wounde . The judge The Sonne The Vine Our the guilty to acquite. fitt Such deynty droppes best their nectared cupp. .. faltlesse Sonne. lighte.

Latinate. Which made them knowe the Ruler of the skyes. lines 2-4. reads streames' for runnes. line 1. lines 1-4. A glittringe Whose To seeke the starre appeareth in the Easte.' Line 5.. ii.' ' ' Tuknbull —in —the latter ' reading. in 1596 are very inaccurate. By infant tongue and lookes of babish eyes.' and set' for felt. was the skye wherein these pianettes shynde. 1590 ed. perhaps. St. 1634. sight to pilgrimm-toyles three sages light they long wunne . To blase the rising of this glorious sunne. THE EPIPHANYE. reading came' for rann. And by this starre to nobler starr Whose armes Stall did their desired sunne embrace. St. the cloude that did eclipse their rayes this cloude their light did passage finde. coiTects our ms. had in requeste they pase. fatal. 131 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. = ' ' ' ' ' ' In 1596 the heading is ' His Circumcision. and so Turnbull.' his' for her heart. St. And want Yet tlirough And percd these sages' harts by secrett waies. i. and 1634 blindly followed by Vine' for vein. as ' in 1630 also. With .' whose or which. THE EPIPHANYE. in so far as it contains the sense of appointed (or spun) by destiny. .' G. 4. with reference to the earthlyroyal custom by which a vassal whipping-boy was scourged for the faults of the heir. iii. So in Virgil and Cicero.. said. Line 3.

'brought' for ' b)-inge . iv. they [see All glorious thinges their glory nowe dispise. 1) ' . their robes. that South- well may or may not have had filled in his mind that legend several times repeated in the apocryphal Gospels. . that a bright light the cave when Jesus was born. ii. Three they bringe.' and line 2. Their crownes. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. their trayne they sett aside. hope and love do staye. his stall. or to blaze abroad or pubprobably drawn from the use of beacou-fires and the like as messengers of news: line 3. line 1. is i. where it is said a bright cloud overshadowed the cave . and crewe. God contempt. doth more then giftes glory prize. of their And When Sith God's poore cotage. 1596 reads 'pilgi-ims' toile:' In Bt. And Ilis with their giftes the givers' hartes Their mynde from Christ no parting can remove humble state. = line 7. clowtes. and revenue' and revenue' occur in the of his plays 'revenue' occurs ri'venue" six nor is there any change in his ' ' and in the verse . 132 THE EPIPHANYE. three giftes they beare awaye faith. For incense. Ejxrth bhisheth at her pride.. so that their eyes could not bear it. his poore retynewe. They phansie more then all theire ritch revenewe. it is noticeable to me that Southwell is ex. ' TuKNBULL misprints Midsummer Night's Dream same scene (i.' Lines 5-6.' As a Protestant. and probably two of ' retinue.and suddenly the cloud withdi-ew. . blase to blaze. Heaven pompe these peeres ashamed he . . especially in the Gospel ' . myrrho and gould. line 1. the transition to this thought is so natural. line 6. ten times. ' revenewe. lish.' There seem to have been two pronunciations of ' revenue' in Southwell's time. at her light. and there appeared a great light in the cave. actually ' mirth' for myrrhe.' In ceptionally free from references to legends. In st. 'infant's:' in st. of James. .

when Thee in armes he did embrace His weeping eyes Thy smyling lookes did meete. . fittest price But thou.' The penultimate accentuation is from the older and fuller French forms 'revenue' and 'retenue. This easye rate doth sounde. selye turtle-doves. yea love. not worldly pelfe. not as an equall price life have spente suffice . . dew price Thy worth amounte. To Le redeeni'd the world's Eedeenier brought. not drowne sith Thy praise ! no price can to A dove. Old Simeon cheap penyworth and sweete Obteyn'd. -4) the emphasis on insolent' requires retinue' or ret'nue. for Two ransome payes Oh For ! ware with empyres worthy to be bought. Thou dost accountc. earlier or later usage. nor anything to indicate that one more courtly or more impressive or poetic than the other. G. . His worth coulde not God were to be bought. i.. ! 'Base not your selves. ' 133 was In the one case in which he uses 'retinue' in verse (Lear. Thy kisses blissd his face : hart ! meane sightes and loves avoyde.' and both nations in adopting the shorter forms have thrown back the accent. ' ' THE PRESENTATION. wert next God Him self. your best you have enjoy'd virgin pure tho\i dost these ! doves presente . THE PRESENTATION. Thy eyes ! love his hart. As To buy such ware thou would'st thy The worlde If to reach due to lawe.

G. ! by Light "without and sunne by silent shade. your instrumentes are swordes. A cruell storme of Herod's mortall spite Their lives and lightes with bloody shoures doth The For tiran to be sure of murdringe one. line 3. line 3. Who His though untymely cropt fayre garlandes frame. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 134 THE FLIGHT INTO EGIPT. ditye death. thy In st. O Nature. cheap pennyworth' was an ordinary and usual phrase for a cheap or good cheap bargain. lines 1-2 payes two selye turtle-doves for ransome. and bloode in Hew of wordes ! . light That hates the which graceth every eye.' ' ' self for thy ' = THE FLIGHT INTO Alas ! EGIPT. blushe that suffrest such a wighte. [quench : feare of sparinge Him doth pardon none. light to his steppes denye. iiighte ! our Day is forc'd to flye light. ' i. Whome age permitts you not to name . St. line 1. ii. i. Sunne being fledd the starres do leese their light. throates With open Your Your and silent mouthes you singe praise. iii. life. tunes are teares. In St. And shyninge beanies in bloody streames they [drenche . the world's Redeemer brought to be redeemed. blessed babes ! first flowers of Christian Springe. this That in thy sunne dark eclipse hath made Day to his eyes.. 1596 reads wares :' in st.

' loose' for leese. Where He Wliere first invested was in mortal! weede . i. scarcely applies iii. 1 and iii. ^ less: line 4.. all their lives were lesse then His alone. Then Death did by all the infantes spoyle. both followed the conceits of their ago. ' ' wight' = Herod. Antony in Julius CHEISTE'S RETORNE OUT OF EGIPT. line 3. And from a thorne nowe to a floure He fledd. ' Line 4.' st.' probably therefore — ' to lose. An impious offspring of a bloodye syre (of To Nazareth Flower heaven beloved) towne. I have adopted 'do' for 'doth:' st. ii. Clirist from exile returnes to natyve life There with His more deepely Death life to may me. When Death and Hell their right in Herode clayme. if The metaphor cf.' for in the old philosophy all the stars re- ceived their light from the sun. 135 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 2. to a floure. 1596 reads hast:' lease. soyle. unto a tender budd He grewe. G. He shewd That the parentes that their babes did mone. but Cajsar. But hearing Herod's sonne to have the crowne . line 3. And well deservd this floure His fruite to vew. iii. In ' St. christe's retorne out of egipt. i. : In virgin branch unstaynd with mortall seede . . line 1. e. He fittly doth retyre For floure He is and in a floure He bredd.

i.' In our MS. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' CHRISTE'S CHILDHOODE. Till twelve yeres' age. no childish faultes defilde. ' spoyle' rob line 5.V.' So Isaiah xii. into' for 'unto. line 4.: .' the town being situated in the most fertile and beautiful part of Judea. . and God did play the witt. line 3. fruitc.:' st. Yonge Ripe with floures in floure well may He be. In springing lockes lay couched hoary In semblance younge. 136 christe's childhoode. : In = BULL. line 2. how Christ His childhood spent . 'throne' for thorne:' st. and followed by TuenSt. Where Grace was guide. as before noted. sound sence of sagest sort Nature imparted all that she could teache. 'For He is a flower:' very badly. a grave and auncient port In lowly lookes high maiestie did sitt. 1596 badly misprints ' the' for ' tlieii. Nazareth has been supposed to be derived from some dialectic variation of Nitza or Netzer. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. All eartlily pennes unworthy were to write Such actes to mortall eyes He did presente. And God supply d where Nature coulde not reach. In tender tunge. cliilde. in the margin explanatory of the play on the word flower' is this note. floure. ii. iii. in Vulg. recite : Whose Avorth not men but angells must No nature's blottes. G. The Virgin is called a flower' according to the name Kosa mystica' in the Litany of B. Nazareth signifieth a flower. He must with thornes hange on a tree. reads ' The' for ' An :' line 5. Hebrew for flower.

in shedding bloode. he phoenix' fate doth prove. clere presse. and roode. was a glasse. unstampde. His sadnes. TuRNBULL for ' in St. The whippes. 2. the thornes. whome streames enforce to How How burneth blood. [die : Wliome flames consume. soyle. the speare. tempred with a mylde aspecte His eye. to trye ech action . that streames. undrawne. untouchd of fruit. that dost distill. grape of blesse. ITntild. 137 His mirth. I adopt ' crouched' semhlance' from 1596 for scm' ' CHRIST'S Fatt BLOODY SWEATE. fayre oyle. of modest meane a mirrhour was. His grace. ii. sweete wine at will Thus Christ unforcd preventes. His word. full springe. That yeldes. the nayles.! . He pelican's. Christ's bloody sweate. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. and deede. did from a Well shew'd that all God proceede.' G. "Whose lookes did good approue and bad correct His nature's giftes. in flame how bleedeth burninge love. sweete olive. frye 1 Can one coidde and streame both bathe and bleeding vaynes He joyne a phoenix' fyerye paynes still ? In faynting pelican's T . Deere brookes. that poures. line 1 wi-etchecUy misprints couched:' line blant.

i. full of feare. By praire procurd a fier of wondrous force. i. Doth burno no sacred fire ! lesse then in the dryest woode. and relative note. St. a masse of fleshe and bloode. On ' frye. When And.. retorne : That sacrifice to Christe I maye If withered wood for fuell fittest bee. am. Yea stones and dust beyonde Such fire is love. all I^ature's course : fedd with gory bloode. with care and pangues of death opprest. but farre more heavy myndes. 118. From frighted fleshe a bloody sweate did rayne. vol. 138 christe's sleeping frendes. 'prevents' ^forestalls. line 4. CHEISTE'S SLEEPING FRENDES. That blood and wood and water did devoure. G.' see our Crashaw. and stonye to all A sacke of dust. p. line 5. will burne. . Elias once. yf fleshe 1 withered and bloode good. St. If stones and dust. ii. that. without repose or reste. Christ. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. to prove God's soveraigne poure. force come shewe thy on me. In agonye did praye and watche Three sundry tymes in payne He His disciples findes With heavy eyes.

Jonas mute and sleepinge So now. the rockes. As Jonas sayled once from Joppe's shoare A boystrous tempest in the ayre did broyle. . Did shroude him But loe ! self in pleasant ivy shade. his weary lymmes to reste. to His shadowy boure withered stalke did fade the roote away. the lightninges threatned spoyle The shipp was Yet careles billowes' game and chaunce's laye. ire. the The waves did The thundring heavens did rore. A canckered worme had gnawen And brought the glorious brannches to decaye. slept in His hardest plighte. their drowsy sences As when the sunne the brightest shewe doth make. while him a heavye sleepe opprest. christe's sleeping frendes. hoiild. in quarrells all Though storming most unjust. : In darkest shroudes the night-birdes them infold His foes did watehe His drowsye frendes to Avorke their cruell spight. Against the barke of our blisse conspire. 139 With milde rebuke He warned them Yet sleepe did still to wake. still Yett these disciples sleepinge As though their wonted calme did endure. hke a blustringe gust. prayc. . rage. lie secure. Do stirre the furious sea of Jeweshe troopes.. though Judas. So Jonas once. stormes.

' Line 2. 1596 reads 5.' Line St. iv. 6. ii. St.! . no Zacheus' tree. 1596 reads heauy' for weary. or :' as it may Line ' 5. ' did' for had. St. How sweete a shadow did Thy braunches bringe To shroude But now these soules that chose Thee for their boure while they with Jonas their plant fall asleepe. iii. Our ms. O gratious plante ! tree of heavenly sj^ringe ! The paragon for leafe. V. and he thereby raised a storm in one diocese at least. However. hedera' is retained in the present Vulgate. ye slumbring ! upp your eyes. Tuknbull reads A canker-worm ' 1596. line 4. Marke Judas. line 4. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. be sometimes called. 1596 reads in iuy pleasant. Awake. where' the older ciiciirbita was upheld as orthodox against the new heretical upstart. is ' one of Turnbull's most vexatious misprints ' ' backe' for ' barke. line 1. .' ' ' latter adopted.' St. how Alas ! to teare your roote he strives the glory of your arbour dyes. To spoyle an envious worme doth Avightes lift creepe.' Jerome translated Jonah's kikayon as hedera (though he did not put it forth as an exact rendering). misreads gaiue' for game' of 1596 ' night' for ' plight.' G. to the Were world so greate a losse as Hee. : 140 christe's sleeping frendes. Hue and so 1630. for fruite and floure. Arise and gard the comfort of your lives No Jonas' ivye. It is perhaps needless to add that the now ' ' commonly received opinion ti"ee is. . that it is the castor-oil plant. Tuknbull misprints darkness' ' for ' darkest.

nor in AdJl. Mss. lesus! my loue. . 6921. my God. Thou messenger that didst impart His first discent into my wombe. Come helpe me now to may my Sonne cleaue my heart. in our MS. behold Thy mother a rod to chasten these washt in teares Thy bloudie woundes he made my latter yearcs. my Sonne. this You cruell lewes. Curiously enousli this poem is cot Cx.1 what seas of mist hath dimd that glorious face? griefe What my sun doth tossel heauenly grace Hes The golden raies of now ecclips^d on the crosse. come worke your ire. by wounding Him which diuine. ms.: THE VIRGIN MARY TO CHRIST ON THE CR0SSE. 10. that there I intombe. vpon lesse flesh of worth- mine : And kindle not eternall is fire.422 or Haeleian . Our text is from 1596.

; ;

142

THE DEATH OF OUR LADIE.
angels
all,

You

that present were, to

shew His birth
a mourning

with harmonie;

Whj are

you not now readie here,

to

make

symphony 1
The cause I know, you waile alone and shed your
in secresie,
teares

Least I should

moued be

to

mone, by force of heauie

companie.

But waile

my soule, thy comfort dies, my wofull wombe,
lament thy
fruit;

My

heart, giue teares unto

my

eies, let

Sorrow string

my

heauy

lute.

THE DEATH OF OUE
Weepe,
living thinges, of life the
loose the

LADIE.i

mother dyes
of all her blisse.

The world doth

summ

The queue of Earth, the empresse of the skyes

By

Marye's death mankind an orphan
all

is

:

Lett Nature weepe, yea, lett

graces mone.
all in one.

Their glory, grace, and giftes dye
'

TuENBULL printed

showed
iii.

this poem from Atlcll. mss. 10.422, biit his usual incapacity even to transcribe, by reading st.
'

line 5,

Such eyed the Hght thy beams mitimely shine

;'

the nonsense of which he discerned not. The ms. 10.422 differs only orthogi-aphically (slightly). I place this poem here, as belonging to the series on Mary. G.

; ;

!

;

THE ASSUMPTION OF OUR LADY.
It

143

was no death

to he^,

but to her woe,
;

By which
Death was
Life of

her joyes beganne, her greives did end

to her a frende, to us a foe,

whose

lives did

on her

life

depende

:

l^ot pray of death, but praise to death she was,

Whose
Her

uglye shape seemd glorious in her face.

face a heaven,

two pianettes were her

eyes,

Whose

gracious hght did

make our
loe

clearest
!

day

But one such heaven
Sunne, hide thy

there

was and

it

dyes,
:

Deathe's darke eclipse hath
light,

dymmed

every ray

thy beames untymely shine
lost,

Trew

light sith

wee have

we

crave not thine.

THE ASSUMPTION OF OUE LADY.i
If sinne be captive, grace must finde release

From
Tombe,

curse of synne the innocente

is free

prison is for sinners that decease,

No

tombe, but throne to guiltles doth agree

:

Though thralles of sinne lye lingring in their grave. Yet faultles cors, with soide, rewarde must have.
'

TuKNBULL printed

differs
'

the.'

Our ms. this from Addl. iiss. 10.422. only in orthogi-aphy, and st. i. line 5 reads theii-' for As with the preceding, I give this poem here as lis fit'

ting place. G.

;

;

144

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES HYMNE.
light require,

The daseled eye doth dynimcd

And
But

dying sightes repose in shrowdinge shades

eagles' eyes to brightest light aspire,

And

living lookes delite in loftye glades

:

Faynte winged foule hy ground doth fayntly

flye,

Our princely

eagle

mountes unto the skye.

Gemm
Whose

to her worth, spouse to her love ascendes,

Prince to her throne, queene to her heavenly Kinge,
court with solemne

pompe on her

attends.

And quires

of saintes with greeting notes do singe

Earth rendreth upp her undeserved praye,

Heaven claymes the

right,

and beares the

prize awaye.

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES

HYMNE EEAD

ON COEPUS CHPJSTY DAYE.
Laiida Sion Salvatorem.

Praise,

O Syon

!

praise thy Saviour,

Praise thy captayne and thy pastour,

With hymnes and solemne harmony.

What

pour affordes, performe in dede

;

j30?;w/'

His worthes all prayses farre exceede,

No

praise can reach

His dignity e.

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES IIYMNE.

Hi)

A A

speciall

theme of

praise

is

redd,

livingc
Is

and
this

life-givinge bredd,

on

day exhibited

;

Which

in the Supper of our Lorde,
disciples at

To twelve

His borde,
delivered.

None doubtes but was

Lett our praise be loude and free, Full of joye and decent glee,

With myndes' and voyces' melodye For now solemnize wee that daye, Which doth with joye to us displaye The prime use of this mistery.

;

At this borde of our newe Ruler Of newe lawe, newe paschall order The auncient rite abolisheth Old decrees by newe anulled,
;

Shadowes

are in truthes fullfilled,

Day

former darkenes finisheth.

That

at

Supper Christ performed,
straightly charged

To be donne He

For His eternall memorye.

Guided by His sacred orders, Bredd and wyne upon our alters

To savin" boast we

sanctifie.

;

146

SAINT THOMAS OF AQUINES HYMNE.
Christians are by faithe assured

That to

flesh the

bredd

is

chaunged,
:

The Avyne
Firnie

to bloode

most pretious

That no witt nor sence conceiveth,

and grounded
strange effects

faithe beleeveth,

In

not curious.

Under kyndes two

in appearance,
in substance,

Two

in

shewe but one

Lye thinges beyond comparison
Flesh
Yett
is

meate, bloode drinck most heavenly,

is

Christe in eche kynde wholye,
free

Most

from

all division.

None None
Be

that eateth that takes

Him doth chewe Him, Him doth devide Him^
persevereth.

Eeceivd,

He whole

there one or thowsandes housled,

One

much as all received, HE by no eating perisheth.
as

Both the good and badd

receive

Him,

But

efifectes

are divers in them,

Trew

life

or

dewe

distruction.

Life to the good, death to the wicked,

Marke how both

alike received

With

farre unlike conclusion.

!

SAINT THOMAS OP AQUTNES HYMNE.

147

When

the preiste the hoaste devideth,
that in ecli parte abideth

Knowe
Forme

All that the whole hoast covered.
of bredd, not Christ
is

broken,

Not of Christ, but of His token,
Is state or stature altered.

Angells' bredd

made

pilgrims feedinge,

Trewly bread

for childrens eatinge.

To doggs not

to be offered.
alter.

Signed by Isaake on the

By

the lambe and paschall supper.

And

in the

manna

figured.

Jhesu, foode and feeder of us,

Here with mercy, feed and frend

us,

Then graunt
Lord of
all,

in heaven felicity
feedest,

Avhome here Thou

Fellowes, lieyres, guestes with

Thy

dearest,
!

Make

us in heavenly companye

Amen.

NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.
In 1596 the holy Hymne.'
St.
St.
i.

title is

simply 'A holy
'

Hymne
'

:'

in 1630

'Au

line 5, line 4,

1596 reads
'

workes' for
'

worthes

:'

so 1630.
in.'

ii.

Line
St.

6, ib.

1596 and 1630 read Within' for Which read As doubtlesse 'twas deliuered.'
'
'

iii.

line 2,

decent.'
'

Line
use.'

6,

1596 misprints

priuie'
'

and 1630
prince.'

'

secret' for

'

prime

TuRNBULL

strangely reads

See below.

line 3. line 4. Line 4.' Addl.' &c. by faith receiued : Angels' bread.' Turnbull reads hosted' = given the in the house (of God) and at the Supper? host. St.' to the destruction of the measure aud meaning. 1596 aud 1630 spell ' annill'iV and ' aunil'd. just as It will shadowed and figured are used. X. 27. ' St.' In 1G30 the following : lines are substituted for the next stanzas ' bread thy lieart sustaines. be observed that our ms. line 6. 5) ? St. 10. Banisli sinne. By power and vertue natural 1 So dotli this consecrated food. (in part) with Shakespeare's ' ' unhouseled' of 1596 reads true' for ' dewe.' TuRNBULL misprints St. foreshadowed or ' prefigured. line 3. persevereth' used in a kind of reflective sense. And clieai'efull wine thy strength regaines.' ' 1596 inadvertently drops in. line 3. St. liorrour and despaire. signed' =:' prresiguatur. Matthew vii. line 6 agree with the rest. 6 and xv. Is hous'led' ' ' ' = Or is it parallel Hamlet (i. Turnbull blindly printed the former None doubts was delivered.: 148 SAINT THOMAS (IF AQUINES HYMNE. be' for 'by. ' ' . iii. Tlie symbol of Christ' flesh and blond By vertue supernaturall. supplies the lacking syllable (' but') in st. mss. vii.' presigned. ii. our ms. vi. iv. Line4. G. 1596 reads ' ' Be' for ' Lye.' St. viii. And feed faith.' St. line 2. xi.' and the latter The prince of this mystery. and by its reading makes st.' ' 1596 spells affects. cf. line 6.' and 1596 housoled. ix. line 3. reads 'hous'led. St.422 'housled. staffe of As Tlie mines of thy soule repaire.

only usual ortho^i'iiphic (lillcr- euces. My My nialidye is synne And languor of the lazar's mynde is . and left like orphane child. Copy ill Addl. Wherein my The soule care of heavenly kynne. body but a couche pynde. . 10. shewe his crosse If hart consumd with care. mss. Then may my brest he Sorowe's home.422. Forlorne. . Is ded to my releife .SAINT PETEK'S AFFLICTED MYNDE.i If that the siclce may grone. May And utter signes of payne . G. tongue with cause complayne. Or orphane mourne If wounded wretch may rue Or caytif his harnies. With I sighes I fecde my greife. his losse .

prisoner myue owne misliapps. Eemorse upbraides my faultes Selfe-blaming conscience cries Synn claymes the hoast of humbled thoughtes : And streames of weej^ing eyes Let penance. Avitli mortall smarte My My My dying soule tonnente. From bodye. dome goe by deserte. . My woundes. Though teares of bloode he weepe 1 SAINT PETEK'S EEMOESE.. And If passe the dome of peace. . my cause. . . Lorde. hart is but the haunte . prevayle Lett sorowe sue release Lett love be unipier in . foUyes I rejiente. Where all dislikes do keepe And who can blame so lost a wretche. immortall joyes. to And. 150 SAINT Peter's remorse. murtall bruatlie. My lest desert is death least That robbes from soule.

Well may I frye in flames. Yctt sith so vile a worrae Hath wrought Of highest In rigour him Butt Mercye his greatest spite. Thou first wert author of my self. to conclude With dreadfull judge's doome ] . No blisse unto Thy joye. mercy doth as much belonge For As justice to a Godd. So base a worme's annoy Can add no praise unto Thy poure. And If former tyme or place More right to mercy wynne. Did Mercye spynn the thredd. temper Justice' rodd. ! Due fuell to hell-fire wrath But on a wretch to wrcake Thy Cannot be worth Thyne ire.SAINT PETER'S REMORSE. To weave in Justice' loome 1 Wert thou a Father. Then umpier of my synne. Thou mayst may relente. ^^^^ But in SO highe a God. treasons well endite.

Doth but bewray from whence I fell. They are Init dust of dead supplies. Thy love my Thy cure salve. 152 SAINT Peter's remorse. Thy childe. an evell-deserving From grace I be exilde. I was. Reforme that 1 was. as say I was Thy childe. have bene in blisse That hardly can retorne.. They still upbraide my losse. . All wordes importing wante . foe. I is defild . am. It is a small releife To If. Thy Thy choise. I had. All thoughtes of passed hopes Encrease my present crosse . mylde and mighty e Lorde ! Amend that is amisse My synn my sore. I coulde. And wherefore now I mourne. Where Once to needfull helpes ar scaute. my comfort is. Confirme Thy former deede. I will remayne charge. Like ruynes of decayed joyes.

1. X. xi. Tuenbull misprints ' souls. been a rock] or Matthew xvi. XV.] I could [have attained to bliss] see St. : Yet dare I heare Avith I not aduenture in me a troublous mate. line 3. line 5. Peter's Comx^laint. line 3. Line 4. 17.' St. IHS NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. st.' Tuenbull misprints on ' ' then' for 'thou.' see relative note on St. by God on the worm. ii. ill' and ' ' evill. ' host'=:hostia. line 3. And in this glorious X . St. 1596 . me of this heauy loade. ' deedes. vi. sacrifice. weary guest. ' I was [Thy . St. make aboade. :=hurt inflicted St. St. line 3. I could [have MAN TO THE WOUND ! IN CHRIST'S SIDE PLEASANT port royal rift ! O a placc of rest ! worthy Avouiid Come harbour me. MAN TO THE WOUND IN CHRIST's STDE. ix. i. iii. iv.' losing the anti- thesis. ' 1596 ' treason. line 2. ! That in the world no ease haue found 1 lie lamenting at Thy gate. St. toomb be shrin'd. 1596. line 3.! . child] had [Thy gi'ace. G.' On st. I 1.' St. That easier passage I Within this bowre to may find. And cumbred am Discharge with heape of sinne. am' for be.

! And in this harbour quiet haue NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. With dolefull tunes for dumpish eares. ' ' .r. and the blood and water were deemed correct 'me' for 'we' (st. 0021.' i. Wo I question if the title The Poet given to this poem had Southwell's authority. line 1). Which dint of spiteful speare did breed laid there in store. and the poem ends.154 MAN TO THE WOUND Here must I Hue. speaks of having 'a troublous mate. This poem is not in our ' lis. the body. which corrects Turnbull's unhappy misprint of spot' for port' (st. Here would I vtter all my griefe my Here would I all those paines descrie. here IN CHRIST's SIDE. And (Jli. vii. must I die. of all The mirror mourning wights. the spring of trickling teares. The bloudy woundes Would Here is force a stony heart to bleede. happie soul :' whence I think the truer title were Man's Soul. i. noi' Harleian MS. solemne shewes for sorrowed sights so hie ! happie soul. releefe. Our text is 1596.' Moreover this would he more in accord with the conceits of the time. .422. as the wound was made with intent to let out Christ's life. 10. line 3). Oh. nor in Adtll. that flies As to attaine this sacred caue Lord. ' Jiss. that I may flie. send me wings. Which here did meete for Here would I view that bloudy sore.

line 4. terror from His sight'^eyes. . that I must die. alas ! art dust but seldomc. St. man's soul would enter and lodge. emblematic of life given to man. 1 often looke upon a face Most I often vgly. Remember. vi.. a state of sorrow. 155 iv. that thou But yet. I that I must die. cviii. Peter's Complaint. Doe thinko indcedc . St. That telleth me whereto I must I see the sentence eake that saith. grisly. alas ! am like to find full little I Do thinke hereon. : : VFUN THE IMAGE OF DEATH. as alluded to in stanza and there.' eyes in st. ' sorrowed sights. I see the bones acrosse that think that I must die. : That shortly yet. That daily should put me in mind Of those But cold names and I bitter pangs. Before my face the picture hangs. therefore. VPON THE IMAGE OF DEATH. bare and thinne view the hollow place. man. had sometimes bin lie. Where Yet little eyes and nose. line 4.. ' Cf. I reade the labell vnderneath.

though he were so strong. Though now I But yet. can I thinke to 'scape alone that I 1 No. alas little ! my I selfe ful well for all this. wherewith I cut my meate. I Haue minde that must die. Continually at my bed's head A hearse doth hang. I.. Nor Samson. And eke that old and ancient chaire is "Which my tel life onely vsuall seate I : All these do me must die. And yet my life amend not Not Salomon. which doth ere me tel That I morning may feele be dead. : 15G VPON THE IMAGE OF DEATH. for all his wit. AVherefore I know life And vet mv amend not . And many And of my mates are gone yongers daily drop away. No king nor person euer yet Could 'scape. And yet my amend not My My ancestors are turnd to clay. but Death laid him along that I must die. I. no. The goAvne which Tlie knife I do vse to weare. I. I know must die.

VPON THE IMAGE OF DEATH. This poem.' St. of the hed. in our ms. thou art hut dust. line 4. the generally put cross-^vlse henca h BO called hecause they were ' the skull. is not is 159^. corrects Tuknbull's misprint. vi i. sith I must die. 15 < Though all tlie East did quake to lieare Of Alexander's dreadfull name. And all the West did likewise feare To heare of lulius Csesar's fame. Yet hoth by Death in dust now lie Who then can 'scape. St 'iii line i cross-hones or thigh-hones. line 2. 1). Uke the preceding. if all do smart. 6t)21. if wise. ! Oh ! grant life My me grace. head'=cauopy Hamlet couples the same names ' bt. . iv. Our text Mss 10 Rememher man. O God that I may mend. (V. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. line 1. which in 122 nor Hakleun ms. If strong. and poore his becke obey . in a similar thought G. u. Then I to 'scape shall haue no way. .' St. but he must die If I none can If rich 'scape Death's dreadfull dart. nor in Addl.

shrouds from the sunne. enwrapt with clreadfull shades. now howle.A VALE OF TEAEES. from rockes to clowdye skye. now roare by Where waters wrastle with encountringe stones. A VALE there is. AVTiich tumbleth from the toppes where snowe is thowde. That breake their streames and turne them into fome. of mourning pynes. "Which thicke. But various blustringe of the stubborne wynde trees. hisse. The hoUowe cloudes full fraught with thundring grones. in strayts with divers noyse . Where hanging clyftes yelde shorte and dumpish glades. to the crushed water's frothy frye. Where In eares of other sounde can have no choise. their pregnant With liideous thumpes discharge wome. in caves. . And snowye fludd witli broken Wliere eye rome is streames doth runne. From Then thence to dales with stony ruyns strowd. Which now doth kinde.

Much at the worke. sighes. amids the pible stones. A VALE OF TEARES. With such disordred order strangely cowcht. Where none but heavy Resort there is notes have any grace. So straite in deede. . The wind here weepes. an onely boure everye tliinge doth sooth a dumpish forlorne. so vast unto the eye. of none but pilgrimm wightes. Then roaring beates uppon the craggy sides A little off. the Where Earth Ij'es moode .. A place for mated myndes. yett nothinge right. 159 And in the horrour of this fearcfull quire . here cryes The strugling floode betwene the marble grones. clowdy skye doth lowrc. They judge the place to terror framed by of art untoAvch't. That who it vewes must needes remayne agaste. art. here alowde. vi^ith That passe trembling foote and panting hart With terrour cast in colde and shuddring frightes. Consistes the musickc of this dolefull place All pleasant birdes their tunes from thence retyre. Yett K"ature's worke it is. And so with pleasing horrour low and hye. . more at the Maker's mighte And muse how Nature suche a plott coulde caste Where nothing seemed wronge. . streames and purling noyse it With bubling glides.

their grace Here seared tuftes There thunder-wrack gives terrour to the place. And chase away dame Pleasure's vayne releifes. Here christall springes crept out of secrete veyne. threaten and seeme hange in feare Some withered trees. mayn streames of teares aflote. . dolour maye amounte. pynes thicke Still cloath sett. . That. my soule. seene. by tide to staye. Besett with greene are forc'd gray coates to weare. .. Strait finde some envious hole that hides lament the wante of rayne. the place with sadd and mourning vayle there mossy playne is Here gapinge cliffe. . . ashamd of their decaye. highe growen and ever greene. To which from worldly joyes they may retire Where Sorowe springes from water. IGO Tlie A VALE OF TEARES. stone and tree Where every thinge with mourners doth conspire. To feed the sorrowes of their troubled mynde. Hnge massy Still stones that hange fall. to thy dityes. To playninge thoughtes this vale a rest may bee. Sett here. Here all thy synnfull foyles alone recounte Of solemne tunes make thou the dollfullst note. All pangues and heavy passions here may finde A thowsand motives sutely to theire greifes.. and there agayne doth quaile. Here hope doth springe.

Thinck that the very stones thy synnes bewray. .' :' St. ms. possesse Delightes. = .' plot' in a double sense of a conspiracy and plot of ground. St. 'still For greife. 'to terror:' Latinate ad tcrrorem. Turnbull misprints ' ' with' for ' so. = 1596 misprints 'her' for 'here' {his). but assent to. A VALE OF TEARES. save in usual orthocfiaphic differences.' So also 1630. ix. St. ' ' . 161 When eccho doth repeate thy playnefull cryes. — . i. viii. misprints do' for doth :' ib.— . And all the place.422 and Harleian ms. will. Line 4. Addl. line 4. ib. misreads which stormy ruines shroud so 1630. and paynes to playnts be prest. harmonises with. And nowe accuse thee with their sadd replyes. line 4. agrees with. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 1 ' . V. \i. deepe Eemorse. . ailiew ! my synfull brest I harboured yowe too longe. line 2. Turnbuli. and perhaps as St. . In 1596 this poem is not divided into stanzas. line 3. And vapour upp thy eyes at Lett teares to tunes. vii. St. earth shall in the later day. And lett this be the burden of thy songe Come. to Thy pensive thoughtes and teares dumpes to of thy desire. agree with and hence soothed is 4. sooth not allay. line 2. As heaven and Lett former faultes be fuell of the fire. line 2. dedicated to terror. ii. 10.ms. Line St. consists St. have adopted shuddring' from 1596 and 1630 for 'shivering:' but 1596 misreads here 'With terrour cast. in lymbeck of thy hart. in 1596 reads ' ' flouds do. 6921 agi-ee with oiu. line 3.

St. line 1. xiv. 1596 reads mosse gi-owne :' so 1630. 1596 reads burthen to. holde me in a creAvell chase They breake my ankers. st. no port for refuge goe. in line 2 of ' The ProcUgall Chyld's Soule a purling :' Wi'acke. flattered by. line 3. Turnbull blunderingly amends Bereft of for Bewith sett with. X. ' wants of gi-ace :' so 1630. 1596 misreads ' ' so 1630. Permitting no reposing place. See on this word relative note in our Hem-y Vaughan ' v. 1596 misprints St. 1596 and 1630 have 'doth' for shall. sayles and mastes. xvi.' Line 4. The wrastling wyndes with raging Still blasts. 1596 and 1630 spell foule. line 4. line 1. St. tossed with a toylsome tyde. xi. xvii.' See our Introduction for the relation of the Vale of Tears' to Hood's ' ' ' ' ' ' Haunted House. line 4. And Groune lanch'd into the niaygne of cares rich in vice.' missing the pathos of the blanched trunk ringed St. in vertewe pore. . s.' MemorialSt. 1596 reads Sit' for Sett :' so 1630. THE PEODIGALL CHYLD'S SOULE WRACKE. . ' ' living gi-een trees. St. From freedome I falne in fatall snares founde my selfe on every syde Enwrapped Coukl to in the waves of woe. . DiSANCRED from a blisfull shore.' St. And. xii. xix.. xiii. 162 THE PRODIGALL CHYLd's SOULE WRACKE. line 2. line 2.' G.

plunged in this heavy e plyght. at everye bayte. hart. On every syde did worke theire spyte. . Stept farr within deathe's fatall dores.THE PRODIGALL CHYLU's SOULE WRACKK. Thus heaven and thus sea and land. A league But vaine it with death I woulde conclude . The I felt loss thereof enforced teares. I craved peace. To witnesse God's deserved I. was to sue release. hell. By darkness taught to knowe my light. Heaven. The pangues thereof were neere my I cryed truce. Thus stormes and tempests did With just revenge of scourging hand. My festred wounds beganne to smart. 163 The boystrous seas. Founde in my faltes just cause of feare . The hellishe furyes laye in wayte To wynn my soule into theire poure. Deny'd the planets' guyding lyght. Subdue I must or bee subdude. conspire. overcast with stormy cloudes. To make me byte Wherein my bane I might devoure. my in\Yarde-bleeding soares. ire. with swelling fludds.

To sincke me Or make me stoupe They sought by theire bewitching charmes So to enchant my erring sense. ISTo heed of theire deceiving alter shiftes. my best defense. Mercy raysd me from my fall. And putt theire wicked proofes in ure. in despayring cares. My dazeled eyes coulde take no vew. And Grace my ruines did repairs. So often did they hew. Death and deceite had pitch'd theire snares. "Was trayned to theire prison dore The end of all such flying joyes. Syren's songs they fedd my eares. And With practise new-devised driftes. lul'd asleepe in Error's lapp. For I entysed to theire lore. Where cheyn'd Next Till in synn I lay in thrall. Till. . I found these tunes turn'd into teares.— 164 THE PKODIGALL CHYLD's SOULE WRACKE. And soothed with theire idle toyes. That when they sought I might neglect my greatest harmes. to the dungeon of despaire. And short delightes to long mishapp. to pleasure's lure.

. is printed in long lines continuously. ' Turnbull ure' a' (bis). = use. In 1596 this poem in stanzas. And quiet nestle in the skye. ' St. 1596 misprints adopt ' meane' for ' maine. I breake' from 1596 for mis-inserts ' broke. 1596 misprints 1596 reads ' receiving. iii. not ' line 2. . line 2.' G. When inward eye to heavenly sightes hart's desire. xiii. MAN'S CIVILL WAERE. xii.' St. St. line 3. ix. line 3. St. St. i. Doth drawe my longing The world with jesses of delightes Would to her perch my thoughtes retyre. But mounting thoughtes are haled downe shipp hauled poise With heavy poyse of mortall loade And blustringe stormes denye my In Vertue's haven secure aboade. •165 NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. line 1. MAN S CIVILE WARRE.' ' St. Fayne would my shipp in Vertue's shore at Without remove anker lye . line 2. My hoveringe thoughtes would fly to heaven.' for ' theii-' these. X.

ii. Thoughe Wisdome woe me Yet Sense would Avynne to the sainte. Foes sences are to Vertue's They drawe the witt their wish to Need craves consent of soule to sence. Their sugred tast doth breed annoye fickle Sence ! beware her gynn. And Dame self-delite the seede of woe ! Pleasure's drugges are steept in synne. . a 166 man's civill warre.' . 1596 reads ' mounted' and ' hailed. Fonde Phancy traynes Though Eeason stiffly do repine . . In 1596 this poem avourite form. fill.. to Pleasure's lure. And overrules the captive will lore. ! truce of halves the whole betraye O crueU fight ! wliere fightinge frende With love doth kill a favoringe foe Where peace with sence is warr with God. is printed in long continuous lines — line 1. there Phancy loves. St. Yett divers bents breed Hard happ where halves must Or disagree. Wheare Eeason loathes. me to the shrine. civill fraye . brittle joye ! Sell not thy soule to NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS.

line 3 ' and I die without Desert.' and St. hue 3. . 4." ' ' St. next st. lines 9-10. Cast my soule. line 1. ' 167 Line 4. Line gin. The floures of everlastinge Springe Do growe for tliy repaste.' st.' 1596 misprints and' for are. our ms. reads flies trust' for St. straite aboade.' is needed by the rhythm. . st. And lymm'd with glorious gleames. V. iv.' line 6.422 read secure :' the reading of 1596. Release. ' ' St. iii. unto thy reste.' ' ' St. SoARE upp. viii. and Addl. SEEKE FLOWERS OF HEAVEN. 1596 misprints ' ' lesses.' ' Wisdome. And biased with their beames. line 3. off this loathsome loade Long is the date of thy exile.' truce. So in 'Decease. Line 3. line 3. G. 10. It fitteth not thy taste . is here ' ' = chance or lot. 1596 reads euer rules. Their leaves are stayn'd in hewtye's dye. line 2. vi.SBEKE FLOWERS OF HEAVEN. unless haven' be read as one syllable. Their stalkes enameld with delight. ' 1596 reads here Reason' for wisdome' for reason. where Pi'obably in allusion to a house-dame's are enticed to sugared and poisoned water. ii. Too long thy Grase not on worldly withered weede. happ . ms. iii. sure.

ii. doth yelde. ' ' straite' = : ' ' st.' on which there has been recently an exchange of Notes and Queries in N. line 1. Mr. line 3 explains St. wood' for weede :' lias St. St. and Q. and manfire' verb.168 SEEKE FLOWERS OF HEAVEN. the correction being in S. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. is doth' properly in our ms. v. which in part causes the confusion. ' poem ' : e. G. These fragrant flowers. renders it doubtful whether Southwell has taken a poetic license.g. iii. That worldly weedes needes must he loath That can these floweres finde. i. Earle's conjecture. note the accentuation of unmanur'd. line 1. strict' for narrow. confined st. ' ' ' : — ' ' . our text until farther evidence be obtained. line 2..' line 4. some annoying misprints in this death' for date . They nectared dropps These floures do spring from fertile soyle. Though from unmanur'd Most glittering goulde in feilde . had a double pronunciation. TuRNBULL line 3. Life-giving juce of livinge love Their siigred veynes doth fill. ii. line 2. Lines 3-4 construction gold not glebe does yield these flowers. as not worldly-withered but worldly withered. And watered with eternall shoures distill. or whether the word.'s own handwriting. St. vi. 'her' for 'their' (=the leaves not Beauty). and so bears out for that later date. The do' (of 1596) hitherto printed. Whose soveraigne sent surpassing sense So ravisheth the niynde. 1752) gives manure' substantive. lewe of glebe. While Dyche's Dictionary (7th edition. like revenue.

MELOFOLIA. . OR APPLES IN LEAVES.

are also preserved among the Stoxyhurst mss. . . readings and authorities for the others. G. together here. and with his ineradicable carelessness by TuRNBULL. 1596 or any of the early editions.NOTE. As before. Those printed by Walter. in the British Museum. such Poems as were not induded in 1595. I reproduce the Stonyhurst text but in Notes and Illustrations at close of each poem will be found various I brine. under the title of Melofolia. from mss. and with a superior text.

. By Some loppinge shott I upp to heavenly thinges more perfect are in their decaye. ORIOR. . . God's spice I was. In liew wliereof I raigne in heavenly My life my greife. And losse of life an endles life assur'd. now dead I am a saiute my name nowe Martyr Alive a Queene. EELEASE. The lopped tree doth best and soonest growe. My My frendes my foyle. my foes my weale procur'd speedy death hath shortncd longe annoye. rest. and sent doth In fading smoke the force doth incense shewe perisht kernell springeth Avith increase. In fadinge breath Death was the meane. blisse.st MOKIOR. . The pounded The spice both DUM ta. whose dolefull dying daye Beganne my joy and termed Fortune's spite.. is From earthly raigne debarred by restraint. clerest light Like sparke that going out gives Such was my happ. . please. my incense savored best my kyrnell to renewe. and pounding was my due. . ^r^^r^s DECEASE. my death hath wrought my joye. Once Mary called.

From crosse to crowne. My ruth my right. v. The blocke My hedman cast me off in a blisfull swounde. the Poet has scorned. From crowne a prisoner by mishappe. rejoyce at to my repose was no death me. right my ruthe. by reading shortned' for In our ms.' &c. my worldly heaven my hell. line 3. Walter was the first ' to print this poem from Addl. RELEASE. . my trapp my advauncd From woe to weale.' st.' left the name of Mary' (st. iii. . skaffold My was the bedd where ease I founde. but to my woe The budd was opened to lett out the rose.' causal sense of verb st. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Mary' was unquestionably Mary Queen of Scots. a pillowe of eteriiall reste . to let the captive goe. .' and line 4 an' for and. line 1. ms. Rue not my It death. ended: in line 1. 'prince:' see relative note The Visitation. In st. His axe cutt my cares from combred breste. &c. line 4.. line 2 mis-read favour'd' for savor'd. my woe. &c.: 172 DECEASE. corrects in st. from throne to My By . i. ii. stile death from prisoner to a prince enhaunc'd.) unfilled in— a suggestive fact. 'termed. from thrall to throne againe. iv. 10. viii. See Notes at close of next poem. Scots :' but his text is mere carelessness. The cheynes unloos'd A prince by birth. My weale my titles wrought my trapp. from hell to heavenly raigne.422. but in st. thrall I fell to crosse. —made a tei-m or on limit of. G. ii. and to entitle it On the unfortunate Mary Queen of Tuenbull followed. line 2 =' It is in fading smoke that incense shows its foi'ce' (as in fading life did Mary) The ' in ' st. Our MS.

. compassion use to iinde Why should I then of pitty doubt to speede. eiiwrapt in swathing bands. Base though they be. force the hardest hart to bleede 1 Whose happ would Left orphane-like in helpelesse state I rue. Will rue thy orphane and Eelinquisht lamb. my some tender eares feeble tea res. With dying bleat doth move the toughest mynde The grasping pangues of new engendred brood. With onely sighes and teares I pleade my : case . ^wi^^^^ I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. in solitarye wood. Men pitty may. : . state . My dying plaints I daylie do renewe. but helpe me God alone . And Some fill with heavy noyse a desert place tender hart will weepe to here me mone ! . Doth move The pitioiis mercy when forlorne it lyes If none without remorse of love withstands noyse of infante's selye cryes helpelesse hart. to If orphane cliilde. Then hope.

proofe and price. corrects st. to crye. Lnt So too Tuknbull.' &c. first printed by us. none offend : God doth sometymes cropp the sweetest floure. i. line 5.422. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. loving pity. . line 4) is so frequently-used a word in Waltek again first again very badly. 10. 'fall' for fate. Our ms.' and in st. See also the Latin Elegy. frend to truth. and pourfe. line 3. Thus But worldly blisse in finall bale doth still end Tims Yertue let pursued is with spight. In st. And leaves the weede Tyme do it devoure. a foe I was to vice ! . witt. my fall. Sely' silly (st. in which the Shade (' Umbra') of Mary laments her hapless fate. &c. by reading wrongd' for 'wrong. teares this case requires to Eayne downe. A peereles gemm for vertue. alas nowe innocente I dye. God murdred A gracious A plant for fruite. iv. yee heavens. i. A juster ground For Right is the world hath seldome bredd : Avrongd and Vertue wagd with blood in the good. who mis-read in st. Ice. line 5 cares' for eares.. for leafe and flower. 174 I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. The badd are blissd. vi. line 4.' Probably Mary Queen of Scots is the supposed speaker. A And noble peerc for prowesse. as in the preceding poem. i. though first till ruefull. ' ' ' ' ' = . printed this from Acldl. remorse of love is =. . . MS. your Man's eyes unhable are enough shedd If sorow could have place in heavenly quires. e'en A case that might even make the stones still Thus Fortune's favors are bent to flight.

ii. and the 'silly beasts' of 'New Prince. refuge their shame. hai-mless. Brinsley Nicholson has here specially enriched me from his rare stores. v. Southwell's silly shroud' (Content and Rich. 4— so beg- stupidly misprinted folly' by Tuenbull). but frequently weakly in body and constitution. and the silly sheep' of 3 Henry VI. to understand the connection between these several meanings. Nor is it necessary to enter into its real or supposed derivation from f!elig. the representatives of them give them the very opposite character. plain. 175 of bringing together a Southwell. So in 1 Henry VI. because they are not only weakly of mind. ' 1. and. v. are so called as innocent.' there is no question but it had those of innocent. sit there. New Pompe' (st. . and the like. as in part at least the doves of The Presentation' (st. as they are substantively used. ii. 1). simples. line 3). be given it in Mary Magdalen's Complayut at Christ's readily that ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' — ' Death in st. But there is a now provincial North-country use of silly' in the sense of sickly' or weakly' (Halliwell's Ar. so much so that from their increased desire for warmth comes the sarcastic proverbial saying Yea. and we know that they were hung by thousands in Henry VIII. for silly' persons or idiots.' (ii. flatter themselves That they are not tlie first of Fortune's slaves. not without touch of pathos. 5). nor can the gars' of ' silly Richard II. 3) it is tolerably clear from the context .' Nor could the beggars and vagabonds of Shakespeare's time be as a class so called. or innocents. ii. st. harmless. line 1. Diet. for there is no reason why Richard should call them harmless. i. 's time : ' Tlioughts tending to content. ' and Lewd Love is Losse (st. as'svith other provincial words and meanings. s. the more my invaluable friend Dr. line 2) are silly or innocent. Nor shall not be the last like silly beggars. (v.) derived from the stronger sense of sillies. and simi^le. No other sense can. 5) be anything but poor beggars. (ii. ^\'>lO That many have. wit enough to keep himself loarm. and others must sitting in the stocks. much as simple and innocent have similar shades of meaning at the present time. 3) mean simple or plain clothing. I think. this provincialism is but the shrunken remnant of a more mdely-spread usage.' Now. Besides the meaning now attached to silly. and inoffensive. and the 'silly women' of the Two Gentlemen of Verona (iv. blessed or holy. line 3) may with Shakespeare's silly habit' (Cymbeline. that I gladly avail myself of the present opportunity number of memoranda on it. ii.I DYE WITHOUT DESERT.

1) and Beowne's Pastorals. Satii-es (vi. In st.' and with this we may take she sighit sely sore.' and one of the three meanings must be given to two of the quotations in Richardson's Dictionary. gives 'sely' as 'pavoreux. line 2) are contrasted with empires ware. as line of I die without Desert' (as before). against Ellis and Jamieson's wonderfully sore. or silly canoe of wood or bark as compared with And in ' ' ' ' ' builded vessels while weakly. In other passages also where this sense is not a necessity. G.' and regard it as akin to Palsgeave's sely. From weakly' we easily arrive at poor' or insignificant. mean to call Talbot that the Countess does not but a silly' weakly dwarf ' an inoffensive ' Alas.' and. to raise such silly forts.' &c. ' wag'd' = recompensed.). is certainly involved in a thii'd quotation from Chapman (Iliad.' as indicated by the first line of next ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' stanza. as to the silly ant' or other insect compared with an elephant. i. i. line 5. iv. 3) poor habit' is a better gloss than from the context and from the passage (v.: ! 17G I DYE WITHOUT DESERT. viii.' and the infant's silly or weakly plaintive cries with the feeble tears of the next and parallel Palsgeave also. it still seems to be involved and to give a much fuller meaning. from Hall's. quoted by Halliwell. ' fools. both Cymbeline (v. b. .' gloss it as 'piteously sore. The siUy turtle doves' of The Presentation (st. this It is a child. 1). and lead the fashion of less without and more within. a silly dwarf cannot be this weak and writheld shrimp Should strike snch terror to his enemies. where Posthumus says he will habit' himself as a Breton peasant.' ' plain. line 3) seems to be best glossed by pavoreux.' wi-etehed' or meschant.' SiUy' (' sely') in David's Peccavi (st. . if not the main sense.

beleefe inviteth love. the end of auncient rite. He was peerelesse gifts Both God and man He was. and both He gaue. twelve did their feeder eate. dymm glymses to the hght : Perforniinge deed presaging signes did chase Christe's final nieale was fountayne of our good. is Beleive the worke because His worde trewe. .. they harde. Here truth beleefe. . gave immortall foode. He was their meate. Him receivd it No diverse thinge. they Him sitting nere. yet faith is And if the Avonder of the worke be newe. . though divers appeare not deceiv'd Though sences faile. : ! Farre off they see whome in them selves they have. unfelt. . He dressd. He made. . OF THE BLESSED SACEAMENT OF THE AULTER. Twelve did He feede. they felt Unseene. An entraunce was to never-endinge grace Tipes to the truth. So sweete a truth Love never yett enjoy'd AA . in His handes Himself did trewlye lifte. They sawe. For niortall meate He That which He He gaue. He gave. unhard. In pascliall feast.

: Is here obteyn'd where no desire ys voyde is The grace. fault is in the men. Ech truth is trewe. . For memory. thiiicke. a mirrhor showing that can both sence and soule rejoyce . AVhose touch doth cure the dephe. though fevered tastes deny Perles pretious are. not in the thinge. Ambition to noe higher worth aspire Tlie eagrest famyn of most hungry myndes : May fill. though trodden on by swyne . To wooe the Here's all will — of every good the choise blisse . it. of every good the best. are . Self-love here cannot crave more then it fyndes . 178 OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. . the treasure here such.. yea farre exceede their owne desire is all In suram here in a summ expressd. see Though blynde men no light. Here to delight tlie witt trewe wisdome is. . . No witt can wishe. Wliat thoixght can what will doth hest approve. nor will emhrace so much. Of much the most. the joy.. the dedd. Sweete cates are sweete. the dumm. And The if to all. He in our hartes doth bedd. the sunne doth shyne. all this it do not bringe. though all men do not trye it . To ravishe eyes here heavenly bewtyes To winne the To eare sweete nmsick's sweetest sound lure the tast the angells' heavenly fare To sooth the To sent divine perfumes abounde please the touch.

yet them no eye can see Dedd formes a never-dyinge life do shroude A boundlesse The God Yea.. of hoastes in slender hoste doth dwell. 179 The best still to the badd doth worke the worste . . Whole in the whole. His workes our vntt exceede. That God that rules the heavens and rifled hell. The angells' eyes. Might best disclose that best they do descerne Men must with sounde and silent faith receive or reason lerne More then they can by sence The doer's God's poure bur proofes. God and man with all to ether dewe. Thinges bredd to blisse do make them more accurst. And though Not one too ech one as much all much. yea whole in every crumme With which be one or be tenn thowsand fedd. :. In forme of bredd and wyne our nurture is. . That man whose death did us to life renews That God and man that is the angells' blisse. might is reason of His deede. : Lightes cleere and neere. OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. sea lyes in a little cloude. A body is endew'd with ghostly rightes And ligature's worke from I^ature's law is free ] In heavenly sunne lye hidd eternall lightes. . Whole may His body be in smallest breadd. . whome veyles cannot deceive. All to ech one. nor too little have. to all • but one doth cunime as all receive.

So may there be by giftes of ghostly grace. ms. a snake of Moyses' wande. noted in the places below. We even so plain a one as Addl. God present is at once in everye place. has now for the first time to be -mentioned. soule in One man is all in everye part One face at once in One fearefuU One eye at once If proofes of one in many mirrhors sliynes noyse cloth make a tliowsand start of countlesse thinges defynes many.' which was ori' . ... . This poem proves to be none other than The Christian's Manna. yett filling none Sith angells may effects of bodyes shewe. .422. . give the above iioem from our ms. Nature frame. One man in many roomes. is Yett God in every place ever one . and prove him to have been incapable of so much as reading an old ms. 90-95. 10. . God may in straunger sort performe the same. Bredd may to Christe's most sacred flesh be wrought He may do this that made with mighty hande Of water wyne. : 1 80 OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. God angells' giftes on bodyes may bestowe. What God as auctour made He alter may No change so harde as making all of nought If Adam framed were of slyniye claye. pp. Walter included it But a curious circumstance in his volume (1817). NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. (Stonyhurst) with Blight exceptions. Tubnbull printed it with such errors as really turn it into nonsense..

will' for witt :' st. In st. x. that made with mighty hand Of water wine. lines 5-6. On another Shakesperean parallel in st. line 1. angells' gifts' His gifts ' continued by supplied by him. ginally published in the edition of 1616. the' for His :' st.' ill contains reminiscences of Southwell's favourite hymn. and in the last even. i. Here true beliefe of force inuiteth love :' st. and so after-editors and bibliogi-aphers followed blindly. with the sequence of the thoughts reversed. xiii. x. line 2. . 181 and repeated in that of but over which Editors and Bibliographers alike shook their heads doubtfully.' the wafer of the host st. St. miswhich' for much :' st. 9 10. iv. xi. does not appear in either edition st. ' ' ' ' ' xii. st. x. Addl. line 6. the following st. line 2. line 4. line 1. It is now sufficiently plain that its presence in the Stonyhurst ms.422 differs from our ms.' I record. John i. line 6.: OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT OF THE AULTER. = . Nature's work . was' dropped line 3.). vi. line 5.' G. vii. The : ' ' = : . iv. . except in the following st. a suake of Moyses' wand. only orthogi-aphically. 'Mister Park' (to adopt Ritson's form) pronouncing em^jhatically against it. I : : ' ' ' : ' ' If proofe of Why may St. . : ' = have adopted the following from 1616 and 1620 St.422) establishes its of the Douai editors. vi. line 2. ' one in many. line 6. as noted. to angels. glymes' ( gleams) for 'glymses. 'And' for 'A Nature's. vii. 'Here's' for 'Here:' st. 10. v. i. indued :' st. ' reads misreads workes' for worke :' st. 1620 . see our Memorial-Introduction. ms. authenticity and vindicates the integi-ity texts of 1616 and 1620 present some various readings that I have adopted. line 3. line 1.' which gives the lacking syllable.' inl616 and 1620 'glimpses. line 2. XV. 'glasses': lines 5-6. iii. and on which cf St. (as before in Addl. MS. iii. di-ops ' be' before ' ' tenn" — all faithfully TuRNBDLL. not God much more perforine the same ?' He still doth this. but do not accept. 'Lauda Sion Salvatorem' (st. Nature forme.

but hath enrichd our liartes : . Occidit. liglites eclipsed were at her decease In Buckhurst' lyne. flore genus. generi lux inclita virtus. glory. Clara Ducum soboles. he hitt too choise a wighte. joyes.: . she gracious yssue spredd. honour. parfuit vna Lux genus ingenio. She heaven with two. He rubd our eyes. Death aymd too highe. Mors minuit. . Vivit. for life. Rest. Virtutique fuit mens generosa decus. . ast alium tulit hie occasus in ortum. he brought her worthes to light. virum conjuge. sibi Omnibus vma prior. Clausit inoffenso tramite pura diem Dotibus ornavit. with fower did Earth encrease Fame. Eenownde for birth. Prolem matre. for lovely partes He kilde her cares. grace. ad occiduas non reditura vices. LAMENTS FOR A NOBLE LADY. were sequelles of her deathe. gave ayre unto her breathe. properata dies orbamque reliquit. superis nova sedibus : liospes. Of Howarde's stemm Sweete a glorious braunch is dead. superavit moribus ortiim.

Peter's Comj^laint.' Our text is that of the Stonyhurst MS. iv. whose greatest blisse. Fortune. line 7 in 1596 is Mors muta at :' line 9. LAMENTS FOR A NOBLE LADY. line 5. in' for at :' st. ritche. ii. st. false Fortune's ill But double grace supplid And though she wrought not to her Fortune's pitch.422. ms. did soone retyre. in Addl. to be where nowe she is. 'raught' in 1596 wrought' (see relative note on St. of every good the best. are arkes unto lier loue. ciii. Whose price. Vertue's' dropped in 1596. line 5. to love.' adopted for vertue :' st. to be her self.' entitled The Triumphs ouer Death. the crowne of Vertue's highest right Whose praise. NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. ' ' ' ' . i. Nature. ever of their united skill false. note also the very important reading of Hee' for the nonsensical Lot' of 1596 hlindly repeated by Turnbull st. which is superior to that I originally at close of ' of 1596. In Grace and nature fewe were founde so this heavenly perle is now possest. did in liir conspire To shewe a proofe Slye Fortune. : bull line 6. st. 183 He lett out of the arke a Noe's dove. Whose lustre. Latin. line 2. have given a heading to these two poems. 10. Heaven of To live. line 2) her' di-opped out by Turn' ' ' ' ' ' : = ' : ' nature.' G.: : . . which appeared Southwell's prose treatise in the form of 'A consolatorie Epistle. was the blaze of Honnor's lighte Whose substance pure. a se alium :' English. line 4. iii. But many hartes Grace.. and ill-filled by Turnbull's every.

' ' . the fcAvest come : She leades. is corrected. . cals. . she leads. Nor To She She spacious wayes she goes straight and narrow gate and way. line 4. the humble sprited She shews them rest at race's end.' in st. TO THE CHEISTIAN READER OF RVLES OF GOOD LIFE. And thou secure from erring That leade to vengeance' wrath. . 'Tis she that offers most 'Tis she that most refuse 'Tis she preuents the broad-way plagues. Not widest open doore. iv. Soule's rest to heauen inuited. Which most do ' wilfull chuse Our obvious misprint. steps. dog' for do. G.'i If Vertue be thy guide. she shewes. ' SHORT True comfort is thy path. . One text of this and three followiug is that of 1080. cals..

lay downe all Lust's desires : Fix thoughts on heauen. common meaning: line 6 seems corrupted qy. these Vertue loaths And teacheth hers to hate. iii. Confesse faults' guilt. thou doest talke with God. to mercie's throne aspires. Tread holy paths.' which vindicates itself. line 4) by balme. Vpon the right-hand side And heauenly-happy is that soule Takes Vertue for her guide. changes: st. present a conscience cleane : Such holy balme. line 2. . converts.TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OP GOOD LIFE. 'impeach' (Fr. ' call grace to guide therein. St. Iine4. empt'cher)=hindrance. in that day. servant' for seruants.' verb neut.' line 3. and in st. Her waies are pleasant waies. 185 Doe choose the wide. line 6. and thereby the reader will be ' ' ' ' ' ' ' — BB . the literal and. by prayer I meane.' I have corrected blame' (st. The left-hand way and gate : These Vice applauds. iv. In reading let these separate headings be ignored. craue pardon for thy sinne . A Preparatiue When Lift TO Prayer.i vp pure hands. ' TuRNBULL grossly misprints clear' for cleane. iv. reflective=z: turns. i.' notwithstanding the rhyme with meane. 'salvation's hill on Mercie's wings' ? I am not sure that I do right in adhering to the divisions and separate headings of 1630 in what must have been meant by its Author to be one poem on prayer. the broad.

It is the spirit with reuerence must obey will. to 'Oh. 186 TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OF GOOD LIFE. Euen so the soule. (Ensamples.fortresseofthefaithfull.ii. Without impeach to his obedient blow . Mercie's wings. line 1). G. That he might act the great Commander's will. Is but vaine babbling and conuerts to sinne. At present no one. to practise Our Maker's what He taught Make not the flesh thy counsell when thou pray thought : : 'Tis enemie to euery vertuous It is the foe It is we daily feed and cloath the prison that the soule doth loath. ascending vp the hill To sacrifice . Lips neere to God. . Like Abraham. remote from earthly things shelter. traflike Exclude the world from with the mind. as Elias.: . and ranging heart within.' &c. : e'e?'- Did cast his mantle to the Earth behind when the heart presents the prayer on high. his seruants left below. Should mount saluation's inevitable as relieved of the misconception which otherwise is st. Euen So. our Saviour. namely. . mounting to the skie. till he reails farther and reconsiders. can of avoid taking it as an epithet of what is now the opening the poem and the subject of the first stanza.

Oh ! fortresse of the faithfull. and staid . . The suiine by prayer did cease his The hungrie lions fawnd vpon course.) Continuall praid. hell-gates cannot resist A thing whereby both angels. In which doth Christians' cognizance consist Their victorie. Ensamples of OUR Saviour. and clouds powrd downe againe. . opened heauens. When He Vpon was baptized in the wildernesse. vs by ensample teaching. . So forcible. His parting breath. At man's I^othing more gratefull in the Highest eyes. clouds and starres. OvR Sauiour.: . their triumph comes from thence. Nothing more firme in danger to protect us.. request fight God's reuengefull warres. (patterne of true holinesse. 187 The Effects of Prayer. . at At His Last Supper. sure defence. their prey it A walled passage tlirough the sea made From It foiious fire it banisht heat away It shut the heauens three yeares from giuing raine. — TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OF GOOD LIFE. in garden-groues of death. In worldng miracles and in His preaching the mount.

ed. not depart Mercy doe body respect vs giues. ford Preface from Evelyn. So prayer reuiues the by prayer Hues. : . 1630).188 TO THE READER OF SHORT RVLES OF CxOOD LIFE. fixed to Bp. p. look back upon or again. Cosis's Part of one of these (the Preparation to Prayer) was preHora: but with some variations (pp. 16-18. iii. forcible to pierce the skies. which is altered from one in Southwell's Rules of Good Life (latter part of sheet y.) for example. till Nothing more And And. xii. on pp. =to fovtresse'= prayer st. hold in view. look upon consider' : ately. liue 4. Oxford reprint). 'respect' ii. line 1. St. Some of the Prayers in that book are taken from Southwell (which rathe)' modifies what is said in the Ox68-72. it : as the soule life to the soule. G. NOTES.

OP THE AUTHOR. FROM THE MSS. Never before printed.POEMATA LATIN A. .

Queen of Scots. Some words have been conformed to classical usage in the orthogi-aphy.' is historically interesting . Birmingham. near Blackburn. and the cooperation of the Rev. Oscott. Decease. and so a fitting companion to his English poem. Dum morior. founded upon the idea of the one being alter ego' of the other. But no pains have been spared to make out the small and difiicult handwriting. and that 'Elegia IX. and it is believed few or no important errors will be found. The whole of the following hitherto unprinted Latin Poems by Southwell are from his own mss.' is the lament of a husband for the death of his wife. The first two pieces explain themselves— and for remarks on them and the others. S. ' . G. (on which see our Preface). ' as being put into the fail. Sole of St. of Stonyhurst had been sent for calendaring in the Report of the Government ComI cannot hope to have mission on (private) Historical mss.lips' of the Shade' of Mary. i-eference may be made to our Memorial-Introduction but it may be well to note here.' The shorter sacred poems are elucidated by their headings. that the first of the Fragment of a Series of Elegies seems to relate to some disaster to the Spanish arms. probably the Armada collapse of 1588 that Elegia VIII.NOTE. They are wi-itten in fasciculi distinct from the English Poems' ms. now preserved in StonyHUKST College. orior. whom — . Even with the anxious assistance of the Rev. Mary's College. Release. furnished an immaculate text. Joseph Stevenson of the same College to the latter of ' ' ' — the whole of the Southwell mss. in which there is a conceit running throughout.

et legibus omnia fixa certis In propriis digesta locis jam manerent. Hie vagus incerto discurrens tramite Plurimus ignoti generis. labensque per herbas Dulcisonos ciet iinda modos. piscis 1 dum lusibus instat Decipit. casia^ narcissus adest. atque omnibus ornans Deliciis. sacra paradisi in sede locavit.M. Hie locus a primo mundi memorabilis ortu. in varios per gramina finditur arcus. priniosque parentes Cunctarum format veluti compendia rerum. firmas Sortita est sedes. suis. Luxuriansque viget vario Iretissima partu. i ccelum et tellus et vasti macliina miindi. 5 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE Cum Ponderibus librata B. hyacinthus acantho . basis inscia. orbis statuit dominos. Quem Hie sponte effudit curvo sine vomere violis.V. 5 Extremum Deus Hos urget opus. Hie rosa cum cum calthis lilia certant 20 . leni quas aura susurro 10 Murmureque interflat molli. Consitus arboribus. tellus.. Per ripas diffusa patet cum floribus herba. et placide fallendo lumina mulcet. paribiisque recurrens Flexibus.

alias aliasque 25 Et sparsum solumque Cernitur. 45 Se rabido victrix objecit prima furori Mortis. hoc per oras uno totum concluditur horto. satellitium mortis superavit. et tectis veri Lethiferum suasit morsum.. et cunctos nullo discrimine mactans 40 Imperat. et humanum genus in sua jura vocavit. hie ultrix morbi mortisque potestas Coepit.cervicibus Aulse Imposuit servile jugum. suae vindex generosa parentis. Non minus beroas. Invidit. ca^loque rebelles Reddidit. exilio gravibusque doloribus anxit. et victis Stygia. quis cuncta loci miracula narret ? Quicquid in itnmenso pulcliri diifunditur orbe. et ipsi Terrorem incussit dominie. Hjec sedes antiqua quam Lucifer Ada. atque quam omnes vineens invicta triumphat Donee virgo. proceres. vires Mox variis grassata modis mors tempore CoUigit. placidisque fugatos Sedibus. Quis dulces avium modulos. genus omne ferarum Quis memoret. quod corporis a^qua . 35 Hie primum sua signa ferox victricia Pluto Extulit. diro molimine fraudes sub imagine verbis Intulit. tetrumque Erebi detrusus in antrum 30 Et cjelo extorris. et toto late dominatur in orbe. fuit.M. 192 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE 13. Hie crocus et mixtis crescunt vaccinia bacis. mundique dynastas vili stirpe creatos Sceptrigerumque genus.V. et imperii sa3vas eonvellere leges Orsa. Abripit.

telis. vegetique artus. Tartarei cogit proceres. taboque genas confecta.M. fundoque dehiscens. varies spirantia morbos. regni. totas 55 Intendit vires. atque omnia mente volutans. monstra impia. In medio solium. 70 Hie annosa sedet canis mors horrida Os macie. Excita turba ruit c?ecas furibunda per umbras. Solis inaccessum radiis. Et dirum aggeribus spunians Hinc atque bine Et loca senta iEternum freuiit unda repertis.POEMA DB ASSUMPTIONE B. Propatulo hie fluvius surgit Letba^us biatu. Et ruptas reserans inimani borrore cavernas. 60 Ingentique mens per concava saxa fragore. spissae squalent caligine mortis. Informi obductum limo. 193 Temperies. cc . exesis diuturna a^rugine fulcris. atrata patent fuligine tecta. 50 Mors mirata suos contra Provectamque niliQ solitis lianc nil posse ministros. 65 situ. et vivida virtus Lethiferis adituni prtecluderet Integra morbis. concedere Extremam imperio timet impendere ruinam. sanieque perunctum. et medio manes compellat ab antro. Prsecipitante rotat limosa volumina cursu. cavisque fossis oculos et livida Immersos ciiTum rictu. Dentes labra gerens turpique patentia Htec jubet : et raucis prasco clamoribus aiu'as 75 Personat. nulla spectabile pom pa. Principiis igitur cupiens obsistere.V. saitis. Est vastum scabris sinuosum anfractibus antrum. . Eminet.

quibus undique septa Mors spirans iiumane. quot funere reges Mersimus. pituita. porrigo. spasmus. In margin ' vel mensurant. Terribiles ructat fremitus dein talia fatur. Turn languida hydrops.^ Decrepita has sequitur baculoque innixa senectus. jjlenisque hominum functorum messibus Orcum. . tanta ruet virtus ingioria. regens. tormina. Quai levibus vitse deducunt stamina fusis. qua luna bello edidimus strages. atque ocius una 80 Conglonierata capit certas ex orcline sedes. oculis jaculantibus ignes. et hirida pestis. nostris semjDer fidissima Olim quanta Quas fuit Lethei gloria regni suos agit aurea currus. tantique cadent fastigia regni Est mulier. et membra caducis febris. et totum quoties consumpsimus orbem 95 Non latet. numerosa manus .M. et vestris cecidit pars maxima telis. de naribus efflans. mulier nostris contraria ' fatis.' G. Et genus id. 85 Phrenesis. cancer. sceptris. et uni Numquid roo Jfoster cedet honos 1 Sic formidabile numen 1 Imperiumque ruet. Qua Phoebus. Vos etenim Exsatiasse spissos animarum ad Tartara nimbos voracem Prtecipites egisse subit. 90 Atra cohors. Vix pedibus moribunda Et tussis. Fatales primum pariter sedere sorores.V. sic nostris hostia templis Deficiet.194 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE B. truncis Atque olidum fumum . Insolitos mirata sonos. Incultas diffusa comas.

qui immanibus ausis Tartareos subiit fines. cives. Ut prpedas actura istis sine sole cavernis Succedat. . matremque (quod Viribus eripiat nostris. Nee timor Qui velut hie ratione caret. imis Fauces spuma Ira furorque ciet. Frena ferox pleno spumantia mergit in Mox varias edit confuso murmure voces 130 Circumposta cohors. et victor opimis Ditatus spoliis.: . iiuUiTeque obnoxia culpai Illius hti3C genetrix Christi est. 195 105 Omni labe carens. quid consilii. strcpitu reboante per auras Qualis ad excussos sequitur de nubibus ignes. qua hoc arte queamus Propulsare malum. timeo. Quid sit opis. Sic omnes 1 coepto desistere victos ssecla decet Scelus est . Hie plura volentem 125 non patitur rabies.M. Et raptam Queni aethereis praedam celer intulit astris. superas evasit ad auras. Cernitis ut nullos admittat corpore morbos. . Pro dicite. 120 Et vestras ludat vires 1 Proh sola revellet fixa recursus Jura per innumeros annorum Eemina 1 Post tot Dicere. . nostrse ne forte injurius aula3 absit) no Antiquas violet leges. et marcida circuni fluens. lieec nam vidimus ilium 1 1 sine labe fait. Vos ista pericula tangunt. Veluti quam saeva medullis cum verbere tactus ore. Stat sonipes. victricibus armis Tartareos superasse deos. 5 POEM A DE ASSUMPTION E B. animosque ministret.V. manesque suis exturbet ab antris. pressisque furens detentus habenis.

claris crebrescere factis Fert animus. caeciis rapit impetus omnes. baud irrita forsan 1 45 Verba loquar. patrias jurant tutari sanguine sedes. belli sonitu. furit Audito undique prseceps. crudusque per artus Livor et ossa ruit. altum Mens agitat bellum. Nobilis ut video vobis vigor insidet. ' uisi. Atqiie odiis fervent aninii. Sed frustra hoc 1- temptamus opus.196 rOEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE B. Subjectis ardent irarum pectora taedis. nil mente retractans Quid fieri expediat." Temen"' &c. but we must leave as with . sed quid novus ingerat ardor. Non secus ac subitis populus temerarius ausis. is an oversight. ita Verum Siste concussos animis grandieva senectus. gradum. nostris aures advortite dictis. nos etiam votis si cetera nostris 150 Congruerent. saevit belli scelerata cupido. generosa coliors.V. Quibus qufe sethera telis Pervia censetis non molimina vincet et Qui potis est totum delere condere mundum 1 155 ille. 135 Arma Et fremunt. sic ore nioratur : Longe aliud secum meditans. it. Jampridem sensere immanes mole gigantes Et Lucifer In superos quid bella queant. G. Certatinique feras sese exhortantur in iras. 1 40 Atque omni sine lege ruit.M. avidi tantos ambimus honores. juvat et superis indicere divis Proelia. Cum 1 ' sibi divinos temere^ poscebat bonores. Orbe sub empireo rutilanti in sede refulgens.

victoria cedat. expendite causas. mea si Momentumque habeat. a?quato examine lances. causa exagitetur utrinque Cui ratio. et in sententia pondus 165 belloruiu insana cupido summi referamus verba Tonantis Judicium. et junctis rata fit sententia votis. pulsus iu imas latebras. est. ISTuntius extemplo liquidas subMmis in auras Tollitur. ostentans Esto. Terrarum i6o pra3stat didicisse malis. : a3quus ero. cujusque in numine lis est. et prisca ruat labefacta potestas . mea canities. Mox partes actura suas mors ferrea pra3sto Et Scevum frendens rabido sic intonat ore rerum qui summa tenes.M. avidus responsa requirit. cui jura favent.V. Tunc Deus. Consilium rursus capitote. qure crimina tandem multanda vides. Letbajique acta Senatus 175 Exponens superis. Hffic ubi dicta dedit.POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE B. ait. quam vana furentes In caelum temptare nefas. torpent in proilia vires. et cedere victos. nostris ut legibus istam 1 185 Eripias. 107 Haud His potuit retinere suos. Et male nil meritam dubiis terroribus angis ? : 180 Sic Quid merui. qui nee Stygiis injurius unquam Sedibus esse potest. In melius mutasse animos prudentia summa est. sed. Si Cesset. mentesque coacta Pax tenet. poenas exsolvit acerbas. quid jura revellis. et facili tranans per inane volatu Arduus insurgit. 1 70 Infractique cadunt animi. quid commisi.

V. et cedere fatis lisec. mala debita culpse Haud ferret. 205 His ita respondet solio Deus orsus ab alto esto. tellure repostos In sua jura primi contracta parentis .M. Sed virgo criminis exors. Aspergit maculosa lues Culpae poena fuit. Ut pura infectos transiret sola per artus. adversoque potens sermone tuetur. cur funereas transire per umbras Abnuat. alme Pater. Hsec et victrix reliquis ait.198 POEMA DE ASSUMPTIONE est.' Invidite furiale ' malum. Above ' maneat' retain written ' recleat but as ' maneat' is not erased. : Judicium hoc Venerandte virginis almus Spiritus astra petat. quos mors rapit. sanoque e corpore migret Non mortis sed amoris ope. lapsumque in viscera torquet ira . 210 Tunc mors dira fremit.rget at Gabriel causam contrarius 195 Virginis. magis una triumphet 1 u. disrumpitur is it. cum cetera proles 1 90 oL culpam parcis obnoxia sumat Corpora. ait. cur mortem hsec et ineluctabile fatum Effugiat. we G. et B. 1 200 Cur luat immeritas omnino innoxia pamas Id Christi genetricis erat sponsa^que tonantis. l^osti. maneat^ simili sub pulvere pulvis. . caro terrea terrae Eeddatur. ex patre est. et violenta doloris sit Vis nulla impediat. summa exire voluptas. Communique carens culpa. Nullis Deus est nisi sontibus ultor. Mortalis nata carnis credita moles Communem Adamo Illius redolet massam cujus .

suo. antris. animae decora alta beats). non fulvi copia nummi. Si tarn longinquis rogites quis scripsit ab oris. Vel ferat unde rudes sordida cbarta quamvis maculosa Inspice.i 5 Continet ilia meos plenos formidine facta scelesta tui lUa dabit nati Et licet ingrato sordent elementa colore. et inutile frendens Vipeream expirat rabiem. et nescia labis Ast superi contra insurgunt. Divum sonat aula triumphis. as au apparent alternative line for this referet ter lamentabile fatum. o Non mihi divitise. mors victa fugatur. PATREM EPISTOLA. ' : ' meum * In margiu. notas. lutulentis^ versor in Mlque nisi obscenum lumina nostra vident. casus. nunc quoque opem. Deinum acrius instat 2 1 Ut saltern extinctuin liceat dissolvere corpus. Annuit Omnipotens. 9 5 FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. suffusis lituris Littera scriptoris nomen et omen babet. i Sunt tamen hajc domino candidiora Quippe. prrestat Prtestitit ut quondam. Mis-written lutosis. Cailo membra petunt.' G.' G. ' Ilia . 199 Morborum infelix acies. FILII PRODIGI PORCOS PASCENTIS AD . quod emerui. 2 1 Virgo poli regina sedet..

nunc ferrea prodiit eetas. Nee facies rebus. fuit. ivi Aut comes aut princeps ad scelus omne fui. sed nostris debita Immo est errato lenior ira meo. Nee. 40 . ! 25 Heu parva infandum liquerunt gaudia luctum Heu ruptuni liquit vipera parta latus Jam placidte periere dies. ipse meum. 35 Totus in insanos effudi tempora luxus. pro dolor ! oras. jam famulatus adest. Seque mihi juveni juvenes junxere sodales. Hei volvit fortuna rotam. 200 FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. factis. qualis fuerat. Tempora vulneribus jam redimenda meis. !N"ec 15 phaleris tecti subjiciuiitur equi Omnia nimboso fluxere simillima vento. 20 Aurea deperiit. sociis agitantibus. Sunt l93ta in tristes tempora versa dies. Ultima la^titise prima doloris erat. Ornatte desimt radianti murice vestes. Et ruitura simul plurima turba Kaptus in exitium. tristesque secutte ! . 30 Sors ea dura quidem. Cum miser ignotas veni peregrinus in Pronus in interitum. Qua^que prius ventis pergebant vela secundis. quaj fuit ante.. Et pontum ut Et faciles edomuere lacus. . manet. ventisque solutis Disrupit nostram perniciosa ratem. Acta ruunt inter Scyllas interque Cbarybdes fracta adversis dilacerantur aquis. Hand inopem fallax comitatur vulgiis ut olim.

201 Utque pudor faciem. unus et ille mihi. Corruit ablatis naufraga puppis aquis.. 60 Contiiiuis lassa^ callent grunnitibus aures. . FILII PRODIGI AD PxVTREM EPISTOLA. Jamque All luo poenas. saliitis. Nee mihi sub Hsec mea vita stygiis par fuit ullus aquis. •} Hoc mea lustravit nimium vaga carbasus Alta quoad plenam sustulit unda ratem Sed modo saxosi portus anfractibus hajrens. 45 Tartareos retuli jam nova dira canes 'Non furiis actus furiosa videbar Erinys. Cetera marmoreo frigore membra rigent. ! lacer ex liumeris algenti pendet amictus. ' There 0-i) foi' is little (Hue diBsyllables. Horridus inculto pendet de fronte capillus. si possit vita vocari Quae tulit ad mortis perniciosa fores. 50 fequor. 65 Nee caput " a ventis quod tueatur adest. Sic ego tartareis merces certissima monstris. lectique sodales. proprite nee cura Sola videbatur ca^ca libido salus. Et male contecti madefiunt imbribus artus Quin lacerant nudani verbera sa^pe cutim. ' Lseta est in tales musica versa sonos : Sunt etenim porci mensaj. . fuit. doubt South\\'ell meant G. quoad' and ' eis' . Unus eis cibus est. pietas sic pectora liquit. Nee mihi cura Dei. Calluit a multis mens hebetata malis. turpi s fero prasmia vitse 55 Obruor innumeris exul egensque malis.

tua sum. manet 70 Quippe novas macies induxit in era figuras. Hei ! 7 5 tua sum. 202 FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. G. Tu nisi mature tristia fata leves. fnit. Nee mihi curandis dantur medicamina morbis. malis . and so here a false quantity. 80 Aspice tu prolem. Vix cutis. me genitore. desinat esse tua. Dum facies liquida pallens respondet ab unda. foris^ 85 Intus nulla datur. Qua^ quondam a speculo reddita stepe Dissiniiles surgunt antiqua JSTec ab imagine vultus. ' morsque negata foret. ' = /*' is . . quse fuerit. 90 ' Foris' is here ' cal Latin the again is out of doors. ossa tegit j Squalida languentes febris depascifcur artus. species eadem. proles dedit impia pcenas Atque tulit meritis prremia digna suis Inque dies funesta magis tormenta supersunt. animum corpus mala mille fatigant. non feret alter opem. Imaque pervasit tabidus ossa dolor. nee uUa quies.. quam difficiles portendunt omnia casus. me misero. dextramque extende cadenti. Ni mala Te Impia.' But in classian adverb always and necessarily long. genitore fui proles. Quce data vita mihi. Et mala Mille prseteritis deteriora curce. fui. exesis carnibus. non impia proles. genitor. licet impia proles. Hei citus affer opem. quoe fait ante. Tu nisi succurras.

quam mea facta regant.. somewhat conAs above. 95 Erroresque luunt singula Scilicet et veniam sceleris membra suos mens conscia poscit. me fortuna manebat. ecce tuli. G. • Line 97 1. Parcat amor. ISTec Nee nisi peccanti parcere posset 1 00 quia me cernis factum de j)role rebellem.^ Hpec mihi. credo equidem. Tu fieri judex ex genitore Quamvis si fieres. Cur tua deserui redamati limina tecti Cur mea subtraxi lumina maesta tuis Sic 105 ! visum est superis. dura poena ferenda fuit.! : . Non 2 is written in four ways in the ms. ira^que facessant. Deus. per scopulos. . 1 1 Et petat optatos lassa carina sinus. ministrant. nunquam te judice tantis Esset. fateor. Parcere peccanti munus amoris erit Peccavi. G. vincat pietas. per mille agitata Charybdes. o Per mare. subdita vita malis. En scelus agnoscit. pergat iter. sceleris mens conscia luget. 2. Materiam veniae mea sors miseranda ministrat. lacrimis commissa fatetur. sajvos jam comprime fluctus. Mitius ah tandem. FILII PRODIGT AD PATREM EPISTOLA. velis. ha3C licet. Ah. thus written on the margin: ScUicet hos volvere casus. Sis pater et nati sit tibi cura tui.^ amor. fusedly: 4. Plus tua te virtus. nati spes summa et sola salutis. quffirit veniam qui is This Une superis placuit me nil commisit iniqui. ScUicet et venia3 segetem mea facta 3. te duce. 203 pater.

oris. cadaver erit. ! Quamvis ! dulce solum quod si mihi visere detur. Quam poteras vivam nunc habuisse domi. 130 te orta parente. sine funeribus nullo curante relinquar. Sin minus.. Audieris rabidas membra vorasse feras Tunc fortasse gemens sobolis vel busta requires. cum. memorans renuisse dolebis. 5 204 mihi si FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. O si forte brevi tales tibi littera casus Adferat. externis moriar peregrinus in 125 Nee tumuli ritum qui mihi Sed Et miseranda feris prteda prsestet erit. Ast aderit nuUus nisi tristes fletibus umbrai Et rapiet gemitus ventus et aura tuos. tui pateant mihi limina Et videam notos post fera fata lares. patrios liceat revidere penates. si felix mihi luceat ille dies. Atque tuo duplex imber ab ore Obvia s£epe fluet. 120 ISTec me divelli mortuus inde sinam Iri est. terras. si me renuas. quis sensus erit. Junctaque cum lacrimis plurima verba dabis. 1 35 animo defuncti occurret imago. et nati talia fata tui. 140 . tecti. Tunc. Quam Patria qu?eram ignotas iterum novus advena quaerenti regia seeptra dares. 1 Qute sibi mens. sidera tellus 1 1 Ante ruet coelum tendetque ad Et mare siccatis fluctibus ignis erit. Condicio melior patriis in sedibus Quam Ergo cara Croesi magnas exulis inter opes.

supremum prolis ab ore vale. 2 The ' ur' of ' igitiir' ' is . whether the author's or not.2 nunc. }l genitor. solus concedere Quodque mihi. G. 145 Succurre. 205 Tunc dolor invadet (|uem non Quique sepultus Ille erat. Accipe * posses. sed nostros serus in usus. nunc O dum. the false quantity would be avoided. quidem surget.FILII PRODIGI AD PATREM EPISTOLA. Cum Nunc nulla optate spes opis esse potest. vidnere siu'get^ amor.' &c. By transposing the second nunc' and 0." and reading Nunc igitur. dum spes manet ulla salutis. igitur. Above ' surget' is wi-itten ' ' vivet. et tantis obvius ito mails. ' here made long.' G. invaserat olim.

si jocus iUe fuit bisseni' cedite menses : Omnis Ecce jacet in hoc obitu scilicet fusis annus obit. These follow in the order of the ms. laurus abi. ' alter lionos. atque vires. gens Castellana maniplis. 5 formidatos armat Carteia nepotes. FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF a part of No. Ferales Nebrissa rotat mutata cupressos. Hoc tumulo 15 Ex merito Latium nomen sortire latendi ! Hac ' terra. celsos periisse Conclamant Celte Monarchas. Query. and 9. ssevse Tarn cupiens arma movere neci. G. redditur ipse chalybs. ELEGIES. Nulla premit lauruni (^)uin pra^fica. vires perdidit. the whole of No. . Latii condita terra. .. Ex luctii populus. read Biscani ? G. Spain? Biscay so named from some province of and qy. lates . et iuquit. Nee conclamato fuiiere liber Iber. the Spaniards (?). sibi plorat Cantaber et Vasco demptum lionorem Nunc onus est illis quilibet Hunc fati lusuni flet Lusitanus Quse mors dicenda Bisseni/ clamant. 7. 8. 1 1 o est. There appear to be a part of No.

! 35 doleam 1 mea vita solo steterat mea Margareta vita mihi. Quid quod et 207 Eoi pariter. fletu. subsido : ! dolor ! dolor ! expirabo ! 40 Jam satis est. eheu ! Margaris. heu ISTon luctus hscc quoque testis fugit. dicunt. Et ponto et terra tu Ah doleo ! testes superi ! ! mage s^vus eris ? mea Margaris. vidi lugentes fluminis iindas Et vidi lacrimas. ! Sensit de ca^lo lumina rapta sue Quid quod et ^thiopes membris nigrantibus horrent ! 2o A luctu Quo credo provenit periisse 1 ille color. . ferar Peru mens naufraga currit. : India tota gemit passis diffusa capillis Ortus in occasum Margaris omnis abit. in fietum. anime. gens altera mundi. meos. Perge. gemuit quoque terra dolore. Hoc nomine N'on doleam? sensus aninia3que evanuit ardor Quis poterit vita3 jam superesse calor 1 Deficio. ah periit qui niodo portus erat. terra. FRAGMENT OF A SERTES OF ELEGIES.. tepuerunt marmora 30 Ergone marmoribus tu mage durus eris ? Ingemuit pontus. tuas. ! Heu. luctus tu tege. 1 25 Hei mihi ! cur lacrimas alio peto sole tepentes tellus nenipe Ut doleam Quid faciam 1 petenda nova est. erit. utraque terra.

amantem . duplici nomine numen inest. JSTumen inest cor corde premit. simius. est ! ubinam quod semper quod amabo perit vel quod amo. sint duo corda Sim tuus Simus et mea sis. . 5 208 FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. tu duo nomina . Si sinis boc. . Hand sequor. cinis est. sint vincula bina . Sic vivum nostro corpore corpus babes 1 : See former note : ego. Si calor bine remeat. mentemque maritat licet. anias animas 1 quod quod amas sinis ecce perire . : Una vel unus ero qui legem novit amoris. baud igitur me Non perit. G. duo sunt? non sunt quid? fallimur ambo. ELEGIA Die ubi nunc quod amo amavi ? Hei mihi ISTon perit : ! VIII. bene dinumeras 1 Ego.. at patrium vivis bibit ergo perit. 20 Quid queror baud moreris duo sunt nam corpore in uno. mortis me frigus adurit : Die ubi sit gemini pectoris unus amor : 1 10 Tu vel ego^ Sint duo. An Unum non uno pectore pectus liabet. : 'Non duo tu vel ego. nam calor inde fugit. tingis : 1 Ast unum . duorum et bic ! ambo non tamen ambo . non duo sunt. vel 1 ilia prseit sed amans sectatur prseit . una vel unus eris. : ^ethera labris 5 Me Sic solum duplici morte perire jubet.

Sic mens. Hoc est. celabit ocellus ille celat. Jam mea semper eris. neque tecum vivere possum Hoc vivo. quod moriens. sit prajsens conjuge conjux : Defungor functa3 tu quoque vive mihi. perii. sic oculus testis amoris Sic animus lamenta dabit. supplebit ocellus erit. sed gemet palam. Ite palam. possum quod memor esse tui. rerum pulcherrima.. FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. . modo mente feram. lacrimabit ocellus 45 Commodus ad Quodque animus partes fiet uterque meas. licet hie mea diceris absens Pectoribus statuam dicta suprema meis. . 35 dicti et vitiB mors erit una meaj. non hoc Mens secum Hie mihi tacite. quis tantae non meminisse potest ? In pra3sente tamen pra^sentem qujero quid illud . . lacrimal. dixti 20!J Aut ego jam Sic : 25 : N'omen tu memori pectore semper habe ! Et licet liinc absim. Quam tuus ipse tuus. duo sunt nam corpore in uno mea sunt tumulo membra sepulta tuo. Quamque mihi Et dictum. Non mihi votorum reddet lux ulla tuorum Tffidia . tam tu mihi semper adha-res. : Aut age ! quod menti deerit. Sed neque jam morior. memori vivemus amore. . ? Fascinor? absenti num mihi semper ades? ? 40 At forsan nequeunt oculi te ferre sequentes Si nequeo visu te. ne dubita. 30 Dixi ego. . tam mea semper eris. servati pignus amoris leto non nisi cedet amor : cq EE .

hue volo. : Hie dolor hie est qiiem pins auget amor. gemino dolor hie spectabitur orbe est. DE Quid conclamato jacis irrita vota sepulchro ] Quam Nunc Verte petis. sed quid est nam 1 1 Stulti ludibria ille tui. inclytus ordo. 5 Inde Plange . SIT UMBRA REGINiE NOBILES VIROS DOCET. terra. toga gravior. ELEGIA IX. et grave pondus amor. lugeo. Dicite quid sit 55 amor 1 i3ondusne est. vale. cajli.! : 210 Ite palam. ingens crelorum heres. minima nunc ego mole gravor. FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. 60 Ah amo ! sed quid nam vel ubi 1 mea sidera novi Hie quod amo superest. sine pondere pondus Nunc labor. in vili non remoratur humo. Queis vaga sublimis sidera carpit amor. rapidis me 1 intersero pennis. Lamentor. gemo. Nunc niolem sine mole feram. mundi Pars magna animi forsitan Quid pretii pretium Quid habet decus omne decoris coli. fortior inde sago. nunc hospita Affigo superis parta troprea polis alio lacrimas. sangiiis meus. QUID REBUS HISCE FLUXIS SENTIENDUM. . usque queror. Langueo : languorem dicere vultis 1 amo. Excutio pondus. Non sunt ha-c aninio digna ])otente 10 . plango. queror. an mage penna 1 Penna mihi levis est.

res futilis. gloriol?e pabula . . Dementis mentis toxica vana Venus. Est raptrix animi copia Divitiis vitiis inhias 1 cernis opes. csecaj sunt irritamina culpse. et inania Este procul munera terree Munera non ullo respicienda die. Dum mala proj^onit mala venusta Venus. 25 Pluma Eos est volat : pueri totis complexibus instant. protinus unda. tuniidi sunt oblectamina sensus. bulla est. 20 Fallacem faciem cerussat amaror amoris. vanus honor. Umbra . . tellus. utilis Queis inhonorus honor non honor est sed onus. Cernis opes? 211 Picte sunt fuh^a umbracula massaj. 1 Vauus honor Marcida . . illis Res nulla est.. 5 FRAGMENT OF A SERIES OF ELEGIES. Unda . fugit pressus preeterit fit ilia tuos. : reus aureus ipse es nisi Fies inter opes non semper inops. si pelago rapitur. Vana Venus .

Tu tacitas nosti lacrimas. The ful JESUS.: ! . . milii. Martial. whereas in the silver age. AD DEUM MARYE. . quoties tristi ducam Tu. cuJ. nee euntem carpere possum. on a fold of paper (32mo) of eight pages: the poems occui)y three pages only. : IN AFf[lICTIONe] ELEGIA. secreto quod cremer igne vides suspiria corde. qui versa vivere sorte dabit Southwell makes 'cni. carehand. Tu. Yivo tanien. vita mori. quoties pro te mors milii grata foret. i Persequor et fugio. Namque Et Usee procul mea vita fugit qua vivere vellem. tu saucia cernis Pectora. si vita potest cui^ quam duco vocari. 5 Quippe mors est vivere. and Juvenal first began to use it as a dissyllable. fera qua nollem vivere vita venit lugio sequitur. G. fugit ilia me dum sequentem. but a jiyrrbic dissyllable.' according to very late usage. luctus utrinque milii o Nee fugiens Hei ' capior. G. four following poems are written in a very small. cvii. Seneca. an iambus.

- self to ' In the MS. G. The perfect is juvit. Die mihi cur mordax viscera Nonne Quippe potes. luctiis edat. mei solatrix unica hictus. potes. ut ipse tibi. si vis.^ 10 O digneris opem. dubio procul angor abibit. pulcherrima virgo. Quteso. afFer aquas. tua lumina Aspice Ferre cito quam multis mens [labet] icta malis. flecte.5 JESUS. Terque quaterque • vale. ipsa rogata. tibi fuerat. Catherina. Vel mininnim casto quod Hue igitur. G. Hoc nostro luctum pectore pelle. nunc erit apta mihi. it ' : Tliis line is defective labet' filled in to complete ruat' or ' cadat' will do equally well. Christi sanctissima martyr. vale. soror et Christi sponsa decora. nunquam sponsae renegare maritus petit ore potest. Or juvabat niis-writteu juvavit. similis. ' ' . sisqiie : ' benigna mihi. G. VIRGINEM ET MARTYREM. dilecta Deo. MARYE. Die mihi cur tacitis intus miser ignibiis urar.' and changed it himrepiilit :' but the former seems better. 213 AD SANCTAM CATHERINAM. 1 Quoque tuum pepulit^ Christus medicamine morbum. quae te (Ximque dolor medicina juvaret^ ? Cur potius Quaeque nostris asset inepta malis Si mihi concedas. veni nobis mitis. Tu Catherina. Atque extinguendis ignibus Cui Deus injussus venit obvius. nostros in gaudia fletus 1 5 Vertere 1 quid prohibet sure tu. precor. 20 Virgo sancta. Southwell wrote pepulit. veni.

tu vitaj redde teipsiim. Et tibi per vitam vita j)erennis At quinam poteris melius te reddere vit^e. atque hominum longi pars mortua luctus Pra^mia degustat.' G. vitse Vita cum votis obvius ito. 8olus miser incola terrse 5 Angustam patitur sortem. Divino angelicas inter splendore phalanges Conspicuus summas creli se tollit in arces. IN FESTUM PENTECOSTES. Quam Des si. Vi propria superas Cliristus rediisset ad auras. erit. Et veniet Vita quod est votis obvia vita tuis.214 JESUS. reads vita. des tua vota ijjse Deo ] igitur tua vota Deo. i liespice sublimi clemens de sede gementes o In terris populos. tartarei spoliis ditatus Averni. tibi dat. IN RENOVATIONEM VOTORUM. Et reddet votis prtemia viva^ tuis. 2 1 MAIL PosTQUAM. qui vita est. duroque laborum petit ore Pondere depressus. . FESTIS NATALIS DOMINI. Cur nos ardentibus ustos et saucia Curarum flammis ' corda gerentes : The MS. ANNO DOMINI 1580. Tamque expectatum cajlestis turba triunipbuni Aspicit. but wi'ongly and we substitute ' viva. querulo juvantem. venit. dabit seipsum. MAR YE.

patrii(£ue absentia regui Sufficiimt varii casus diuturna(|ue poina 15 Quam caro. camena. et tenues confirmet numine lumina vires. celer hue pietatis Ut. Atque infelices statuit curare ruinas. terra.. JESUS. ut. quam iiiundus. 20 Eja igitur. sed qualia saltern potest. nisi [et] nostras divina potentia mentes Fulciat. fert. Gaudia tarn varios inter gustare dolores. te triplicem solante catervam. sed et ha3c propria' virtute nequimus Ferre. flecte. quani daiinonis impetus in- Si plura imponas. Expansis igitur Tertia de superis placido persona meatu Sedibus egreditur. 30 miserum placido medicamine morbum sacrse penetralibus aul^e. media regione locatos Haud ma^stos remanere sinas. Limbique patres sperata tenere Pr^mia concedis. carnis 25 Mens humana ISTon renuas complexa catenis. MA RYE. 215 Deseris? liei miseris quis nos solabitur ultra? Sufficit exilium. . . Te triplici laudet ctelum. tenuesque elapsa per auras 35 Versus apostolicuni properans se contulit agmen. nimia sub mole gravati Decidimus . qui cailicolas dulci solaminis aura Perfundis. msestas pietas divina querelas Has adeo Suscipiens. Styx.

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As stated in Memorial-Inti-oductiou fp. once to a minion bold Thre severall tymes [twyse erased] by two handmades woyce Next to a man last to that levyl [or renyl] rout [And last by meanes of that accursed crue erased] — face — bought [sic] he was not of the fold He sed and swore [that he erased].. — erased] leveld at his dolful rest The sharpest arows and most deadly flyghtes Were theis of Chryste. margin — To nynt the wounde to liath the sores.] VKRSE This verse it is difficult III.— ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Ixxxvi. made his choisc never Of Chrysts whome he [denyed that he knew erased] [To folowe Chryst a man he never knew erased] But when The cocke had chased out this [stubborne erased] brail — — — as thing [thrall ?J and brought in day for witnes of the cryme .j. 1. adliereiits new folower was. . to copy. as follows: The bowes which brest [sic] [shott the fa . when they on him did These ey[erased] were bowes there lookes lyke arowes lyght Which not content to hurt his heavy hart glanced to the Soule Even pea lanced the Sowle [erased] and wounded in such wise he was fayne till That al his dayes while life did quyte departe so still He oynted it [Ill with liquour of his eies. . Peter's Complaint from the Stonyhurst autograph mss. I hem give the remainiug interlineations and studies for St.

her beautuouse face in glasse wel discrye easely prie As thy old sely wret did in this passe No youthful dame Of christall brj'ghtnes did so foul de- In th' eies of Chryst his filthy fait espye Nor egi*e eare though covetous to heare preaclie And without pause attent to teachers speache Could learne so much in twyce two hundi-ed yeares in a turne As with one looks he did in moment VI. disciple fierce. reach. Lyke as sometyme (though it unworthy be To lyken [In sacred matters with profane) margin — Profaned things in holy talk to name] By lookes a lover secret thoughtes can se searche the hart thoughe it no wordes do frame Let amorous knyghts traynd up in cupids schoole Teache those which are unskilful in this art How without usynge tong or wrytynge toole By lookes the lovers know ech others hart The eies may serve for to display the hart Ech eie of Chryst a running tungue did seeme And ech lyk a listning And peters eis so many eagi*e eared [In margin— Eche ey of peter like a listninge eare] .218 [When as ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. —erased] stubborn the [whe— erased] wretch scarse luarkyuL yet his fall Did with his eies meete theies of Christ his King. In what distresse pore peater did remayne At this encountrynge ech with others eies Let no man vant that he cann make it playne No tunge can reache the truthe scarce mynde surmyse It seemed that Chryst amids that juysh crew Forlorne of frends these speaches did reherse Behold that which I sayed is now to viewe O freude disloyall. VERSE ETC.

Who by one and one could count The wordes of wrath and of love full Which peter seemed to se imprinted In the holy gyi-e [compasse] those two calme eyes. None faythful found I none courteous Of so many that I have vouchsafned to be myne But thow Ai-t in whome my was more kyndled [sic] faythlesse and ungi*atefull above all other All other with there (cowardly) flyght did onely ofifend me my But thow hast denyed and now with the other [foes] ghilty Standest feedynd thy eies with my damage [and sorowes] As though pai-t of this pleasur belonged unto the. it would make him brast that could understand [conceive] them For if from mortall eie often cometh Virtue. He Which weepyng were not as river or torrent scorchyng hot season could ever dry upp For though Chryst Kyng of heaven immayntenant Did retornc him the gi-ace which he had lost Yet all the remnant of his lyfe [. He which proveth [this] let him gesse Wliat an eie divyne [or of God] is able to worke in man's senses.s/c] teres or at the . which hath force in us. 219 Prest to receyue the voyce and it esteame According to that sense that it should heare More fierce he seemed to say ar thy eis Then the impious hands which shall naile me on the crosse Nether feele I any blow which do so annoy me Of so many which this gylty rable doth on me lay As that blow which came out of thy mouth.: ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. As a fold [or feld?] of snow which frosen The winter in close valew hiddyn laye At the sprynge tyde of the son heated Doth quyte melt and resolve into water So the feare which enterred was in the frozen heart Of peter then when the ti"uth he conceled When toward him his eies he turned Did quyte thaw and unto teares was resolved. ANOTHER VERSE.

' dothe shoot his bowes of the axe.)' mentioned in Pseudo Matt. ii. st. In the Stonyhurst sis. and this and Southwell's use of such. 2. and BO an object of curiosity to our Poet. 122-3). Southwell the — second incomplete sayle lanceth in the tyde Must many a billow's boystrous brunt And stormy blast abyde. The Shippe that from the port doth And The tree that groweth on the hill And bye Besyde the danger 3. it may here . being first published in Latin in 1552. Gosj^el was (then) new to the Latin Church. There was never nyght but therein he did wake Herynge the cock tell him how unfayful he had hen And gevinge new teares to his old fait before had ben Attyned with the coloure of death By reason of the blood which was retyred Levyng th' other parts cold and pale That face which litle to the harte Of the beames of those holy eies warmed as red as fyre Waxed flame and by the same dores That feare entred it vanished away And in his due place shame appeared Vewj'nge the wi-ech how diverse From his former state he founde him self His hart not sufi'ysyng him to stand there presente Before his offended lord that so had loved him Without taryance for the fierce or mercyful Sentence which the hard tribunal seat did give on him From that odious house hated bouse that then he was in Weepyng bitterlj' he went forth And desyi-ous to encounter some that just penance Would geve him for his grevous error. of a Discourse on these stanzas are wi-itten by themselves by [and payn] Mary Magdalene.: 220 ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. Josephe's Amazement. xi. ch.-vi.' is (pp. who seems to have been well-read. x. Joseph's : intention of flight with I'eference to be noted that the Protevangel or Apoc. 132. (See p.

and lyen long in soke (as it were). was now out of heart. And with a heavy. Shakespeakk (Venus and Adonis. and habituated in mischiefe. and was ready to quake for feare. This poor Rogue (albeit a very vilGuzman says (b.) laine) pardned in roguery. and I think there is a clear example of silly =pavoreux. c. Again (Coriol.: : ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. and gi-ew silly and weake-spii-ited. where it forms one of several. Besides. though a Spaniard. and received support from other wellknown and accomplished critics. His louring brows o'erwhelming his fair sight. with a lazy spright. i. v. lines SocTHWELL uses ' = sight. 1) : All tongues speak of Are spectacled to see him. on some true-love's Similarly seeing. Midsummer Night's Dream And laid the love-juice ' 2) sight. Like misty vapours when they blot the sky. and all kinde of coozenages. and it may therefore be well to confinn the sense and use. Fii-st.) sparkling through sights of steel. and have onely an The context quoted outside of men. was as gi-eat a master of colloquial idiomatic English as Florio. such kinde of men are commonly cowards. Desert'). 181-4) : And now Adonis.' points to this meaning. 221 the instrument or organ of sight' as the eye. But a Letter from my admir' . iv. Speaking of the innkeeper who is afraid that his mule veal will he discovered. 6. ii. 4. 155. Richardson and the Lexicographers give no example of such use. (iii. dark. ' In the ' Month' for January-February 1872 appeared an Elegy on Edmund Campion' from a black-letter contemporary volume in the British Museum. and the bleared him. as late as 1629. 1. Thereupon a correspondent in the Tablet' assigned reasons for ascribing it to Southwell. of optical instruments Their eyes of fire we use sight' as the : eye opening or instrument of and so Shakespeare p. but no manhood at all. (See 2 Heniy IV. and nothing in the rest of the context at all shows that he got foolish or silly in our present sense of : ' the word. ' Silly' (see p. in thefts. and being steeped. disliking eye . e. i. The translator of The Rogue line 4 of I die without or Life of Don Guzman ' D'Alfarache. : 5. 176 note on st. i. sights Once more.

It must be admitted that there are Southwellian words and turns in the Elegy: but his non-authorship is equally certain. Oscott. Mary's College. shows that the external data are against such authorship. . G. S.W. Birmingham. THE END. ruiNTKRS.) must have been an ' eye-witness of the martyrdom. 24th. in Tablet' for Feb. N. of St.: 222 ADDITIONAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS. while the internal goes to prove that the Writer (probably Walpole. S. able friend Kev. PANCHAS KOAD. Sole. J. which Southwell could not have been. LONDON KOUhON AND SONS.

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