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Chapter 4

Spine

THE CERVICAL/THORACIC SPINE


LISTEN

Patients with spinal problems usually complain of back/neck pain and/or limb pain with a resultant loss of function.
Mechanism of Injury (If Applicable)

Fall from height/road trafc accident fractures/ligamentous injury Twisting or lifting injury/fall from low height cervical strain herniated disc fracture in osteoporotic patient
Age

Children Congenital /developmental disorders Infection Primary tumor Trauma Adults Herniated disc Spondylolisthesis Acute fractures Older adults Spondylosis Stenosis Osteoporotic fractures Metastatic disease