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This following is a study aid that you can use to learn the details and content of API RP-572, Inspection of Pressure Vessels. There will be about 15-25 questions from this document on the API 510 exam. We do not spend time in class discussing this publication. So it is important that you become familiar with this content in your personal study sessions. Note! The study guide does not at this time have any questions for API 572 Appendix A. There will be some questions from Appendix A on the API exam. The questions in this study aid are in the same order as API 572. An answer key will be provided in class. It’s helpful to read a few pages of API 572 and then answer the questions associated with these pages. We suggest that you do this study guide at least twice prior to the API exam.
Most pressure vessels are subjected to internal or external pressure that exceeds: a) b) c) d) 5 psig. 15 psig. 25 psig. 50 psig.
External pressure is usually caused by a vacuum or by using a ____________________ vessel. Vessel shell rings are normally made by: a) b) c) d) e) rolling plate at ambient temperatures. rolling plate at elevated temperatures. rolling plate at either elevated or ambient temperatures. forging. casting and machining.
Shells constructed with multi-layers (a number of thin cylindrical sections) are normally used for vessels having: a) b) c) d) high design temperatures. high design pressures. exotic materials. a small diameter.
Match the material with the service: A. B. C. Carbon Steel Copper Alloys Titanium _________ _________ _________ Cooling Water Sea Water Most Common Material
What is the primary purpose for installing a lining on the inside of a vessel? a) b) c) d) Resist corrosion Improve heat transfer Improve fluid flow by decreasing the friction inside the vessel Minimized effort to clean vessel at future turnarounds
When is a pressure vessel shell normally made from an alloy material? a) b) c) d) Corrosive service High operating pressures High operating temperatures Either high operating pressure or high operating temperature
API 572 Study Guide
8. List four types of Metallic Liners. a) b) 9. _________________________________ c) _________________________________
_________________________________ d) _________________________________
What are the two primary purposes for non-metallic liners? a) b) c) d) e) Resist erosion, insulate to reduce shell temperature Insulate to reduce shell temperature, resist thermal expansion Resist corrosion, resist thermal expansion Resist stress corrosion cracking, insulate to reduce shell temperature Beautify the facility, improve rate of heat transfer
What is the most common feature of vessels that operate with a vacuum? a) b) c) d) Internally braces Stiffening rings Refractory lining Hemispherical heads
An optionally part of an exchanger that is used to protect the tubes at the inlet nozzle is called a(n): a) b) c) d) baffle. demister mat. impingement plate. strip lining.
What code is often used when constructing vessels that operate at high pressures? a) b) c) d) ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 1. ASME B&PV Code Section VIII Division 2 API/ASME Vessel Code. TEMA
What codes are used when constructing a heat exchanger that is used in the petrochemical industry? a) b) c) d) API 660, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 661, ASME Section VIII, TEMA API 660, API 661, TEMA API 660, API 661,. ASME Section VIII,
All vessel manufacturers that build vessels to ASME Section VIII must have: a) b) c) d) an API 510 inspector on staff. access to an AWS inspector. a written quality-control manual. a machine capable of making dished heads.
The vessel manufacturer stamps the vessel with the code symbol “U”. What is the meaning of a this code stamp? a) b) c) d) e) All applicable requirements of the ASME Code have been met All requirements of the U-Section in the ASME Code have been met Vessel has been hydrotested Vessel has been radiographed Vessel wall is of uniform thickness
com . in an intermittent service. below the upper transformation. 3 September 2005 msts-training. pre-2000 edition of ASME Section VIII. 19. chromes and stainless steels 23. above 700 oF. List the 2 basic reasons for inspection of pressure vessels 1) 2) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 18. List the temperature range where CUI is most prevalent: 1) 2) Carbon Steels Stainless Steels _________________oF _________________oF 24. 21. latest edition of ASME Section VIII. A vessel should be maintained in accordance with the: a) b) c) d) 17. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 22. List process conditions that that could change the corrosion rate.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 16. code that was last used to rate the vessel. An inspector should be familiar with any _____________________ that govern the inspection and maintenance of pressure vessels. uniform throughout the whole vessel. List the 3 basic forms of deterioration 1) 2) 3) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 20. The corrosion rate resulting from corrosion-erosion is often: a) b) c) d) higher than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion. construction code. Insulated carbon steel vessels may be subject to CUI if operating: a) b) c) d) above the lower-transformation temperature. higher in stagnant areas. What metallurgies are most affected by CUI? a) b) c) d) Carbon steel and low chromes Carbon steel and all chromes Carbon steel and stainless steels Carbon steel. lower than the corrosion rate from corrosion without erosion.
Which of the following methods is NOT used to detect CUI? a) b) c) d) e) 26. The inspector must: a) b) c) d) have all deposits removed. operating deposits are found in a specific section of the vessel. determine the cause of the deposits. determine if corrosion is occurring under the deposits. When checking for cracks. (SCC = stress corrosion cracking) A) B) C) D) E) Chloride SCC Polythionic SCC Caustic SCC Amine SCC Carbonate SCC _____ Alkaline systems _____ Non-stress relieved carbon steel _____ Stainless steel _____ Operating temperatures over 400 oF _____ Sensitized stainless steel 29. Match up the corrosion mechanism with the applicable material. List four common areas where corrosion-erosion can occur. which of the following inspection techniques is useful only for surface or near-surface cracks? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Radiography UT angle beam 30. msts-training. During an internal inspection.com 4 September 2005 . 1) 2) 3) 4) ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ 28. What is a useful technique to use to evaluate the vessel cladding from outside surface of the vessel? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Profile radiography UT thickness gauging 31. Weld quality RT Profile RT Guided-wave UT Electromagnetic methods Visual inspection after removal of insulation Which deterioration mechanism can cause direction grooving? a) b) c) d) Erosion Oxidation Sulfidation Temper-embrittlement 27.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 25. record the volume of the deposits.
dissimilar welds. Which deterioration mechanism is caused by cyclic stresses? a) b) c) d) 33. mechanical fatigue. A prime location for thermal fatigue is at: a) b) c) d) circumferential welds. but relatively few cycles to propagate the crack all the way through the vessel wall.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 32.com . 37. List the three primary factors of creep: 1) 2) 3) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ 5 September 2005 msts-training. 39. Creep Fatigue Graphitization Temper-embrittlement Which of the following vessels is most susceptible to fatigue? a) b) c) d) Coke drum Crude column FCCU regenerator Hydrotreater reactor 34. What NDE method checks for cracks by increasing the vessel pressure above its normal operating pressure? a) b) c) d) Acoustic emission Eddy current Guided wave UT MFL 38. thermal fatigue. What is a common cause for high-cycle fatigue? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures High operating temperatures High operating pressures Excess vibrations from mechanical equipment 35. chrome welds. Cracking occurring in deaerators is attributed to: a) b) c) d) corrosion fatigue. velocity fatigue. 36. Why is it difficult to find fatigue cracking? a) b) c) d) Fatigues cracks are very tight It is very difficult to predict the location of fatigue cracking The growth rate of fatigue cracks is very slow It takes many cycles to initate the crack. stainless steel welds.
6 to 12 inches. metal grain size increases. nickel content increases. 41. High temperature sulfide attack usually appears as: a) b) c) d) cracks. atomic hydrogen reacts to form water. pits. metal grain size decreases. What publication provides safe operation limits for steels operating in hydrogen service? a) b) c) d) e) ASME Section II ASME Section VIII API 579 API 941 API 2201 47. 44. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form atomic hydrogen. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) operating temperature decreases. carbon content increases. Creep cracking begins to occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. To perform this inspection.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 40. molecular hydrogen disassociates to form water. msts-training. 45. 48. 49. molybdenum content increases. 46. operating pressure decreases. atomic hydrogen reacts to form hydrocarbons. Which of the following can permeate steel (migrate through the steel)? a) b) c) d) Atomic hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and molecular hydrogen Atomic hydrogen and atomic helium Molecular hydrogen and helium 43. HTHA can occur in 1-¼ chrome steels at temperatures above __________ oF. 12 to 36 inches. 3 to 6 inches. A partial buried vessel should be inspected for soil-to-air corrosion. uniform corrosion. Susceptibility to HTHA attack increases as: a) b) c) d) chrome content increases. the soil should be excavated: a) b) c) d) 1 to 2 inches. localized thinned areas. High temperature sulfidation can begin to occur at temperatures above __________ oF.com 6 September 2005 . At high temperatures: a) b) c) d) 42.
MFL. Which of the following is NOT a way biological corrosion occurs? a) Hydrogen normally slows down the corrosion rate on the external surface. and numerous pressure cycles High operating temperature. pressure cycles. What is a common micro-organism in soils that can cause biological corrosion? a) b) c) d) amoebas chloride-reducing bacteria sulfate-reducing bacteria oxygen-reducing parasites 52. straight beam UT. msts-training. the corrosion rate to increase. A) B) C) D) Decarburization Graphitization Dealloying Temper Embrittlement _____ Selective leaching of a material in an alloy _____ Loss of carbon near surface of ferrous material _____ A metallurgical change that occurs to Cr-Mo alloys due to operating at high temperatures _____ Conversion of carbides to carbon nodules 54. Match up the deterioration mechanism with the applicable description. penetrant testing. and a process that reacts with carbon 55. 53. There are various ways that these living organisms cause the actual corrosion to occur. excessive thermal expansion.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 50. b) c) d) 51. Atomic nitrogen reacts with iron to form iron nitrate. operating at cold temperatures. and a process that reacts with carbon High operating temperature. Small living organisms are the cause of biological corrosion. Changes in a metal’s microstructure can be caused by: a) b) c) d) improper heating and cooling. Which of the following is NOT a problem caused by decarburization? a) b) c) d) Material strength decreases Material toughness decreases Hardness of material increases Fatigue strength decreases 56. Decarburization is found using: a) b) c) d) metallography. Creates an electrolytic concentration cell Creates by-products that are corrosive Creates atomic nitrogen.com 7 September 2005 . Since less hydrogen is now available. Organisms consumes (reacts with) hydrogen. and numerous pressure cycles Low operating temperatures. What two factors cause decarburization in ferrous materials? a) b) c) d) Low operating temperatures.
Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Carbon steel and all chromes High nickel alloys Stainless steels Graphitization occurs when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) many temperature cycles. Brittle fracture is usually not a concern when using: a) b) c) d) carbon steels. dezincification can occur in which materials? a) b) c) d) Brass Bronze Monel Alloy 20 61. Which type of graphitization is most likely to lead to a mechanical failure? a) b) c) d) Localized graphitization Random graphitization Uniform graphitization Spot graphitization 60. What materials are most susceptible to Graphitization? a) b) c) d) e) 58.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 57. In some water services. What materials are most susceptible to temper embrittlement? a) b) c) d) e) Carbon steel and carbon – ½ molybdenum steel Carbon steel and low chromes (through 5% chrome) Low chromes All chromes Stainless steels 62. atomic hydrogen. thin-wall materials. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 450oF. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 1100oF. When do most brittle failures in pressure vessels occur? a) b) c) d) During the vessel’s first winter weather During the first hydrotest After prolong exposure to temperatures above 250oF. low chromes. After the first pressure cycle 8 September 2005 msts-training. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 825oF. Temper embrittlement is caused when a susceptible material is subject to: a) b) c) d) low temperatures. post-weld heat treat materials. 63. a prolonged exposure to temperatures above 750oF. atomic hydrogen.com . 59. 64.
digital UT. nozzle-to-shell weld.100” of corrosion allowance remains. Environmental department’s equipment records.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 65. msts-training. One important factor in developing an inspection plan for the next inspection is to occasionally check the: a) b) c) d) Operating department’s equipment records. at least 25% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. oxygen. welding flaw. Which of the following is NOT a potential result of an improper heat treatment? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) High residual stresses Increased density of material Hard zones in material Soft zones in materials Increased material strength Decreased material strength Increased susceptibility to cracking 70. 68. angle beam UT.com 9 September 2005 . tee joint or angle joint. Financial department’s equipment records. stamping in the vessel component. Brittle failures initiate at a notch or stress concentration. Maintenance department’s equipment records. The most common method to check for freeze damage is by: a) b) c) d) visual inspection. nitrogen. 69. eddy current examination. Which of the following deterioration mechanisms can be corrected by annealing the steel? a) b) c) d) Decarburization Dealloying Temper embrittlement HTHA 67.g. lamination in the plate. at least 50% of the current corrosion allowance should still remain. e. an interval is selected so that at the next inspection: a) b) c) d) the wall thickness is not less than the minimum required thickness. Most often. at least 0. 71. Hydriding of titanium alloys is caused when the material absorbs: a) b) c) d) hydrogen. zinc. tray ring weld. When setting the inspection interval for the internal inspection. this the initiating point is a: a) b) c) d) 66.
rated for the appropriate gaseous atmosphere. Review past inspection records. Review the vessel’s service conditions Determine what is being offered as the “daily special” at the local lunch café. be rather ugly and prevent your facility from achieving API’s Petrochemical Facility of the Year award. It is now important to: a) b) c) d) replace the refractory with superior materials. which of the following activities does the inspector NOT need to do? a) b) c) d) e) 73. an small area of damaged refractory is found.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 72. by visual examination and RT. Small depressions on platforms are of concern since these can: a) b) c) d) collect and hold water. remove the damaged refractory plus 50% more to determine the base metal condition. certified by UL-142. what is one potential problem? a) b) c) d) Residual penetrant can cause crevice corrosion Residual penetrant can cause steel to become anodic Vapors from the exam can displace air It is more difficult to prepare the shell for the exam as compared to other NDE methods 76. Check with Operations to determine whether there were any abnormal operating conditions. Ladders and platforms should be inspected: a) b) c) d) only with a visual examination. All NDE tools should be: a) b) c) d) calibrated daily. 78. calibrated weekly. Crevice corrosion is NOT common at which of the following locations? a) b) c) d) Under nuts on anchor bolts At repad-to-shell welds Where handrail supports slip into platform sleeves Between exchanger shell and cradle support msts-training.com 10 September 2005 . potentially causing accelerated corrosion. A vessel has a refractory lining. create a tripping hazard. remove and replace all the refractory in the entire vessel. by visual examination and hammer-testing. Review the equipment construction details. During the internal inspection. 74. remove enough of the refractory to determine the condition of the base metal. 77. by visual examination and UT. create flexing that could cause a fatigue failure. When performing a PT examination inside an exchanger shell. Before performing a vessel inspection. 75.
Poor design. What is a good way to check for disbanded fireproofing? a) b) c) d) e) Visual examination UT Eddy current Hammer-testing with light taps Sledge hammer-testing with a 25 lb sledge hammer 85. UT. should be further examined by hammer-testing. What is the best way to prevent external corrosion on structural steel? a) b) c) d) Painting Fireproofing Galvanizing Insulation 84. A distorted anchor bolt is usually the result of: a) b) c) d) serious foundation settlement. Excessive settlement. Guy wires supporting tall vessels should be examined using: a) b) c) d) visual examination. should always be repaired with a cement material similar to the original material. Which of the following is usually NOT a cause of large cracks in a concrete foundations? a) b) c) d) 80.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 79. profile RT. Poor materials. What examination method is normally used to examine in-service anchor bolts? a) b) c) d) e) Visual UT Eddy current Hammer-testing Acid etching 83. are usually not a serious concern. What is one important item to check during an External inspection of an exchanger? a) b) c) d) Surface temperature at the inlet and outlets The floating end of the exchanger is free to slide on it’s support Determine the fluid flow rate through both the shell side and tube side of the exchanger Measure the clearance between the shell and the ground 86.com . 81. High temperature. using an anchor bolt of insufficient diameter. Small hair-like cracks in concrete foundations: a) b) c) d) should always be caulked. selecting the wrong material for the anchor bolt. acoustic emission. 11 September 2005 msts-training. 82. using an anchor bolt of insufficient length.
temper embrittlement. What should be done if shell distortion is found at a nozzle? a) b) c) d) Check for cracking on all nozzle welds Check the hardness of nozzle welds and nozzle components Check thickness by taking UT readings on a 2” grid on all nozzle components and on the distorted area of the shell.com 12 September 2005 . 95. 92. Vessel grounding connections are primarily needed to provide a path for electrical current from: a) b) c) d) a lighting strike or from a welding machine. 93. dealloying. creep. a lighting strike or from static electricity. 10 ohms. Existing slip-on flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) chloride cracking. 3 guy wire diameters. Guy wire clips should be placed at a spacing of at least: a) b) c) d) 88. msts-training.0 ohms. 94. 25 ohms. 50 ohms. Grooves on existing stainless steel flanges should be checked for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. a welding machine or from an electrical short. 5.5 ohms. crevice corrosion. an electrical short or from static electricity. 91. The maximum permitted resistance-to-ground for a vessel grounding system is: a) b) c) d) e) 0. Catalytic reformer vessels may have creep damage if the operating temperature is above _______ oF The grooves on an existing ring-joint flange should be checked for ___________________. graphitization. 3”. Which of the following would be most affected if a vessel foundation experiences excessive settlement? a) b) c) d) e) Stiffener rings Relief devices Nozzles with attached piping Manways Top head 89. 6”. Only note the distortion in your inspection report 90.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 87. corrosion fatigue. 6 guy wire diameters.
The vessel support-to-vessel welds should be checked using MT or PT to check for: a) b) c) d) stress corrosion cracking. black hard residue. Which of the following is NOT a significant factor in atmosphere corrosion? a) b) c) d) vessel operating pressure relative humidity chemical vapors metal surface temperature 103. 104. internal baffles or vortex breakers. yellow sticky deposit. areas of high stress. 101. and _______ thickness reading(s) on each head. A vessel operates in a cyclic temperature service. white salt. What two on-stream NDE techniques may be able to locate moist insulation? a) b) c) d) e) f) Real-time RT and Thermography Real-time RT and MFL Neutron back scatter and Thermography Neutron back scatter and MFL Neutron back scatter and Real-time RT Thermography and MFL 99. Caustic that seeps through a crack will often leave a: a) b) c) d) brown residue. Which of the following coating failures is easily missed during a visual examination? a) b) c) 97.com 13 September 2005 . In a caustic storage vessel. 102.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 96. fatigue cracking. nozzles. msts-training. HTHA. Film lifting Blisters Rust spots Where are two likely areas where paint failures occur? a) b) c) d) e) Top heads and nozzles Weld seams and nozzles Top heads and moist crevices Weld seams and moist crevices Nozzles and moist crevices 98. The minimum number of TML’s required for a routine vessel is at least _______ thickness reading(s) on each shell ring. caustic embrittlement is least likely at: a) b) c) d) heating coil connections. polytheonic cracking. 100. Pit depth is normally measured with a ________________________________.
visual exam using a flashlight beam perpendicular to the shell. usually are adequate to meet the inspector’s needs for an internal inspection. magnetic flux leakage. Normal vessel cleaning methods. 850 oF. 110. Place your hand on surface for exactly 1 second. Small blisters can be easily detected by: a) b) c) d) feeling the surface with your fingers. visual exam using a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. Calculate the vessel temperature based on the depth of the 3rd degree burns on your hand. temper embrittlement. Tough question! The temperature of a hot-spot on a refractory lined vessel should be periodically checked. A hot-spot has developed on a refractory lined carbon steel vessel. like steam cleaning. 750 oF. Blisters on a vessel shell can be easily detected with: a) b) c) d) UT. 1100 oF. MT or PT. caustic cracking. deep pitting. graphitization. hydrogen blistering. Extra cleaning such as abrasive-grit or water blasting may be required when inspecting for: a) b) c) d) localized thin areas. 108. stress corrosion cracking. thermal fatigue cracking. The areas directly below the liquid level are likely to be subject to: a) b) c) d) e) 106. msts-training. RT. hammer testing. A vessel contains an acid corrodent. HTHA.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 105. Which of the following is NOT an acceptable method for checking the temperature? a) b) c) d) Portable thermocouple Thermography Temperature indicating crayons. During the next internal inspection the wall at the hot-spot should be metallurgically examined whenever the metal temperature has exceeded: a) b) c) d) 450 oF. 107.com 14 September 2005 . 111. Why is wet fluorescent magnetic particle testing often used to detect certain types of cracking? a) b) c) d) Easier to perform than other types of MT Requires less effort to qualify the NDE examiner as compared to dry MT More sensitive technique as compared to dry MT Equipment to perform the exam is less expensive than what is needed for other MT exams 109.
a likely place for corrosion is on the: a) b) c) d) inlet nozzle. 118. at the tower where the hot process returns. ph is the highest. 115. velocity is the lowest. What is the normal cause of corrosion associated with reboilers? a) b) c) d) Hot process decomposes to form acids Hot process decomposes to form polytheonic caustic Increased velocity of returning process causes erosion Deposits in the process cause oxygen pitting 119. A vessel subject to wet hydrogen sulfide or cyanide environments is susceptible to. a common place for corrosion is: a) b) c) d) the inlet to the reboiler. vessel wall opposite the nozzle. vessel wall directly below the nozzle. cracks in the weld and heat affected zones. bottom of a hydrotreater reactor. a) b) c) d) cracks in the base metal.com . Collect all necessary inspection tools Check the vessel permitting requirements Collect the necessary personnel protective equipment Read the previous inspection reports Sulfidation is a common concern at the: a) b) c) d) top of the crude unit’s fractionating column. What is the initial step to be performed? a) b) c) d) 113. If steam is injected into a vessel. extensive pitting. Exchangers in cooling water service have the highest corrosion rates where the: a) b) c) d) velocity is the highest. When a reboiler is used with a tower (fractionating column). 114. 120. bottom of the crude unit’s fractionating column. at the tower where the cold process returns. (once again proving it is difficult to come up with 3 wrong answers!) 117. 15 September 2005 msts-training.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 112. If sludge settles on the bottom head of a vessel. top head of the tower. what corrosion mechanism is likely to occur? a) b) c) d) Stress corrosion cracking Dealloying Concentration cell corrosion Sludgitization 116. top of a hydrotreater reactor. An internal inspection will be performed on a vessel. vessel’s anchor bolts. water temperature is the highest. localized thin areas (LTA’s). Most cracks that occur in a vessel occur at ______________________.
e. Coarse-grain steels Fine-grain steels 126. shining a flashlight beam parallel to the shell. An easy way to find this corrosion is by: a) b) c) d) spot UT. Exchanger shell near the impingement plate Tubesheet Tubes near the impingement plate Inlet nozzle During an internal inspection: a) b) c) d) at least 10% of all welds should be checked with either MT or PT. 127. visual examination and UT. What area is most susceptible to corrosion? a) b) c) d) 122. visual examination. visual examination. red dye PT. An impingement plate is installed on an exchanger bundle. thickness readings should be taken at suspect locations. 123. eddy current testing. Often corrosion will occur on the shell of an exchanger at the location of the baffles. UT and some type of crack detection NDE method. 1-1/4 & 2-1/4 Cr).000 psi. 100% of the internal surface should be cleaned. Normally tower (column) trays are inspected using: a) b) c) d) only a visual examination. wet fluorescent particle MT. List 4 major areas where cracks occur in vessels made of low chromes (i. Which of the following steels is most likely to crack? a) b) c) d) Steels with a tensile strength lower than 70.com 16 September 2005 . A very effective means to find cracks is by using: a) b) c) d) MFL. hammer-testing should be performed on all nozzles. a) b) c) d) __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ 124.000 psi Steels with a yield strength above 20. visual examination and some type of crack detection NDE method.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 121. dry particle MT. 125. msts-training.
What is the most common cause of exchanger shell out-of-roundness? a) b) c) d) e) f) Over pressure Elevated temperature Metal fatigue Creep Welding repairs to the shell Meteor strike 131. the identification of the welder who previously installed the liner. graphitization. hydrogen blistering. Loose or cracked metallic linings can be found using: a) b) c) d) light taps with a hammer. dew point corrosion. visual inspection. displacement of the bulged area. Areas directly above the liquid level in vessels containing acidic corrodents s are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) f) 129. uniform corrosion. condition of the base metal under the liner. 134. dealloying. cracking.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 128. localized thinned areas. 133. How can small blisters easily be found? a) b) c) d) Feel metal surface with your fingers Visual examination Hammer-testing Spot UT readings 130. 135. cracking. MT. 17 September 2005 msts-training. creep. Vessels containing amines are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) oxygen pitting. dealloying. it is important to determine the: a) b) c) d) thickness of the liner. Deaerators used for boiler feedwater are subject to: a) b) c) d) e) pitting. acoustic emission. caustic embrittlement. caustic embrittlement. Bulged linings are often the indication of a _______________ in the liner. oxidation. 132. Whenever there are indications that a metallic liner has leaked.com . fatigue. Existing exchanger shells sometimes become out of round making it difficult to reinsert the bundle.
spark testing. always clearly identified on a U-1 form. what is a common problem that occurs to the base metal? a) b) c) d) Dew point corrosion Dealloying Excessive thermal stress Brittle failure msts-training. eddy current. Spark testing is being performed on a coating. Low chromes High chromes Austenitic stainless steel Stabilized austenitic stainless steel High nickel alloys What are the two primary purposes for refractory linings? 1) 2) ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 138. film lift off. always considered extra corrosion allowance. never allowed. MFL (magnetic flux leakage). What type of weld metal overlay is often used for hydrotreater reactors? a) b) c) d) e) 137. A common tool used to inspect refractory is a _________________________. A break or void in a paint coating is called a: a) b) c) d) e) blister. 142. voidea.com 18 September 2005 . 139. A common tool used to find breaks in a pipe coating is: a) b) c) d) acoustic emission. holiday. 140. What happens if the voltage on a spark tester exceeds the dielectric strength of the coating? a) b) c) d) e) Coating will become magnetic Strength of the coating bond increases A hole is “blown” in the coating Coating will crack Creates a nuclear chain reaction that will destroy the entire universe 141. Extra metal thickness in a vessel is: a) b) c) d) sometimes used as nozzle reinforcement. When a refractory lining cracks.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 136. 143. lamination.
com 19 September 2005 . A pneumatic pressure test is performed on a large vessel. What method is often used to detect metallurgical changes to the base metal? a) b) c) d) e) 145. It is recommended NOT to hammer test vessels that are _________________________.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 144. ft. What is one negative aspect of a vacuum test? a) b) c) d) Location of leak is not easily identified There are additional safety precautions as compared to a hydrotest Creating the vacuum requires expensive equipment The vacuum must be held for 24 hours msts-training. Which of the following is NOT a purpose of a pressure test? a) b) c) d) Validate vessel MDMT Assure equipment tightness Assure equipment integrity Redistribute stresses at discontinuities 148. A vessel is being vacuum tested. What is the most important concern when hydrotesting a large in-service vessel? a) b) c) d) Rope off an area equal to 1000 sq. What is one way to determine the location of remote leaks? a) b) c) d) Block-in the vessel and see if the pressure drops UT leak detector Binoculars Thermography 151. Acoustic emission testing is especially useful on: a) b) c) d) vessels of simplistic design. large vessels. heat exchangers. 147. 150. Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Flash radiography Impact tests What method is often used to detect carburization and decarburization? a) b) c) d) e) Tension tests Bend tests Metallography Hardness testing Impact tests 146. for every 1’ of vessel height Provide multiple calibrated pressure gauges Assure the water used has less than 50 ppm of particulates Assure vessel foundation and supports are adequate for the hydrotest weight 149. vessels where internal inspections are difficult to perform.
A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle.5”. The bundle is outside the shell and a test head is bolted to the stationary tubesheet.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 152. 30oF. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 156. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. the requirements of which code should be followed? a) b) c) d) e) f) ASME B&PV Section I ASME B&PV Section V ASME B&PV Section VIII ASME B31. above the vessel MDMT. 10oF. tube leaks. The bundle is in the shell and the piping connected to a bottom shell nozzle is removed. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak.com . 60oF. 154. This test will show overall bundle integrity and can be used to specifically locate which of the following leaks? a) b) c) d) e) f) Stationary tubesheet roll leaks Floating head tubesheet roll leaks Floating head gasket leak. When performing a pneumatic pressure test. above the vessel MDMT. A shell-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle.25”. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 1. 60oF. A tube-side pressure test is being performed on an exchanger with a floating head bundle. 10oF. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 10oF. 30oF.3 API 579 API 2201 155. The minimum metal temperature allowed during a pressure test is: a) b) c) d) e) 153. above the vessel MDMT. and floating head gasket leaks The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 20 September 2005 msts-training. The bundle is in the shell and the channel cover is removed. Leaking tubes The exact location of any leak cannot be determined with this test 157. An in-service vessel has a shell thickness of 2. above the vessel MDMT. 30oF. Leaking tubes Roll leaks on both ends. 30oF. 10oF.
A shell has a minimum thickness of 0. Before applying a high-pressure hydrotest to a bundle. determine how far an area should be roped off. 161..352” and has a corrosion allowance of 0. it is important to: a) b) c) d) connect a PRV to prevent excessive pressure. 160. it is important to: a) b) c) d) determine whether the tubes are thick enough for the external pressure. what stamp would have to be used by the Repair Organization? a) b) c) d) e) A U UV R VR 21 September 2005 msts-training. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. a leaking tube is discovered.125”. Which of the following components usually does NOT have a specified minimum thickness? a) b) c) d) e) Top head Nozzle reinforcement Metallic liner Platform handrail Internal baffle 164.477”. to minimize the number of RT’s.023” is usually consider extra corrosion.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 158. 163. The extra 0. During a bundle pressure test. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run.. During a bundle pressure test. a tube roll-leak is discovered. but often the designer uses the “extra” metal (and the extra is no longer extra): a) b) c) d) in the design of vessel stiffening. removed. assure that all tubes have been seal-welded at the tubesheet. replaced with improved metallurgy. plugged. rerolled. replaced in kind. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) 159. so the designer orders 0. determine whether the tubesheet is thick enough for the pressure. replaced with improved metallurgy. removed. in the design of nozzle reinforcement. The inspection results indicate that the other tubes are acceptable for a future operational run. rerolled. If a jurisdiction requires a vessel repair to meet the National Board Inspection Code.com . to improve the joint efficiency.500” plate. The total thickness needed is 0. check the chloride content of the water. plugged. Before applying a hydrotest to the shell-side of a carbon steel bundle. 162. The leaking tube is normally: a) b) c) d) e) replaced in kind. have multiple pressure gauges connected for the test.
are acceptable provided the tread thickness is adequate. Stairway treads that have been worn smooth: a) b) c) d) can be roughened by placing weld beads on the worn surface.5 ft2 is built-up with weld metal.API 572 Study Guide Practice Questions 165.com 22 September 2005 . should be repaired with epoxy based materials. the craftsman must be qualified in accordance with ASME B&PV Section IX. the crack length cannot be greater than allowed in API 579. How should the repair area normally be inspected? a) b) c) d) 166. should always be replaced. can be left unfilled provided adequate wall thickness remains and edges are blended. the base metal should only be a P1 or P-3 material. Visual examination Visual examination and either MT or PT Visual examination and spot UT Visual examination and eddy current When removing a crack in a vessel using flame or arc gouging: a) b) c) d) care must be taken to prevent the crack from growing. A crack in a vessel is removed. The groove: a) b) c) d) e) must always be filled with weld metal of the same metallurgy as the base metal. msts-training. should be filled with weld metal of the same tensile strength as the base metal. should be filled with weld metal of a higher tensile strength than the base metal. A corroded shell area that has an area of 2. 167. 168. should be filled with weld metal of a higher alloy than the base metal.
68. 67. 49. 22. Chemical 3. 5.rolled b) clad . 58.com . 25 . 7. Time 2. 40. 19. 82. 32. 4. 62. 45. 23. determine rate of deterioration 1. 17. 16. 41.explosion bonded c) plates welded to shell d) weld overlay a b c b a c a c regulations 1. 57. 81. a b a d 1. 37. 66. b jacketed c b 1&B 2&C 3&A a d a) clad . 29. 56. 83. 150 . 84. 78. 72. Downstream of orifices 3. Stress 3. 51. 52. 24. 11. 77. 50. 76. 46. 13. 34. 60. 26. 79. 75. 21. 42. 47. 15.400 c a a 1. 31. 69. 20. 2. 30. Electrochemical 2. 65. Impingment 5.250 2. 18. 74. 39. 44. Stress 900oF c a d c 800oF d 450oF d c d c a 1&C 2&A 3&D 4&B d c a a c a a c b c b d c a a b d a e b c c d a b a d a d c d September 2005 6. 53. 10. 14. 54. Vibration 4. 48. 3. 73. 64. 43. 70. 27.API 572 Study Guide Answers 1. 63. 9. Mechanical a 1. Temperature 2. Temperature 3. High Velocity c 1. 80. 61. Flow direction changes 1&E 2&D 3&A 4&C 5&B b d c b a d 23 35. 28. 38. 55. 71. 33. Downstream of control valves 2. msts-training. 12. 36. determine condition 2. 25. 8. Downstream of pump discharge 4. 59.
122. 118. 156. 142. 101. 116. 152. 158. 104. 155. 125. 145.com September 2005 . 163. 93. 126. 114. 119. 102. 160. 143. 166. 88. 154. 105. 89. 120. 148. 106. 111. 121. 94. 90. 87. 92. 107. 97. 146. 110. 162. 86. 98. 157. 164. 1) erosion resistance 2) insulation c d c hammer a a c d pressurized a d b b a e d c a e e c e a d b c d b a e a 124. 95. 144. 139. 129. 150. 123. 134. b a d c a 900oF cracks a c b d a d c pit gauge 1&1 b a c b a d a c d b c d b b c b c a welds d a c a) Attachment welds b) Main weld seams c) Gasket grooves (ring joint flg) d) Nozzle attachment welds d c a d b a e c d a leak c d 24 137. 103. 161. 115. 149. 153. 132. 109. 147. 127.API 572 Study Guide Answers 85. 91. msts-training. 130. 138. 128. 140. 133. 96. 117. 100. 141. 113. 112. 165. 167. 108. 168. 159. 151. 131. 99. 135. 136.
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