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Aberrant – adj – abnormal or deviant Abeyance – n – suspended action Abscond – v – depart secretly and hide Abstemious – adj – sparing in eating and drinking temperate Admonish – v – warn; reprove. Adulterate – v – make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances Aesthetic – artistic dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful Aggregate – v – gather; accumulate Alacrity – n – cheerful promptness; eagerness Alleviate – v – relieve Amalgamate – v – combine; unite in one body Ambiguous – adj – unclear or doubtful in meaning Ambivalence – n – the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes Ameliorate – v – improve Anachronism – n – something or someone misplaced in time Analogous – adj – comparable Anarchy – n – absence of governing body; state of disorder Anomalous – adj – abnormal; irregular Antipathy – n – aversion; dislike Apathy – n - lack of caring; indifference Appease – v – pacify or soothe; relieve Apprise – v - inform Approbation – n – approval Appropriate – acquire; take possession of for one’s own use Arduous – adj – hard; strenuous Artless – adj – without guile; open and honest Ascetic – adj – practicing self-denial; austere Assiduous – adj- diligent Assuage – v – ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger) Attenuate – v – make thinner; weaken or lessen (in density, force, degree) Audacious – adj – daring bold Austere – forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented Autonomous – self-governing Aver – assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state, formally as a fact Banal – hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality Belie – contradict; give a false impression Beneficent – kindly; doing good Bolster – support; reinforce Bombastic – pompous; using inflated language Boorish – rude; insensitive
Burgeon – grow forth Burnish – make shiny by rubbing; polish Buttress – support; prop up Cacophonous – discordant; inharmonious Capricious – unpredictable; fickle Castigation-punishment; severe criticism Catalyst – agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged; person or thing that causes action Caustic – burning; sarcastically biting Chicanery – trickery; deception Coagulate – thicken; congeal; clot Coda – concluding section of a musical or literary composition; something that rounds out, summarizes, or concludes Cogent – convincing Commensurate – corresponding in extent, degree, amount; proportionate Compendium – brief; comprehensive summary Complaisant – trying to please; overly polite; obliging Compliant – yielding; conforming to requirements Conciliatory – reconciling; soothing Condone – overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse Confound – confuse; puzzled Connoisseur – person competent to act as a judge of art Contention – claim; thesis Contentious – quarrelsome Contrite – penitent; repentant Conundrum – riddle; difficult problem Converge – approach; tend to meet; come together Convoluted – coiled around; involved; intricate Craven – cowardly Daunt – intimidate; frighten Decorum – propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners Default – failure to act Deference – courteous regard for another’s wish Delineate – portray; depict; sketch Denigrate – blacken Deride – ridicule; make fun of Derivative; unoriginal; obtained from another source Desiccate – dry up Desultory – aimless; haphazard; digressing at random Deterrent – something that discourage; hindrance Diatribe – bitter scolding; invective Dichotomy – split; branching into two parts (usually contradictory) Diffidence – shyness
go in different directions from the same point Divest – strip. shameless boldness. produce Enhance – increase. not permitting passage through its substance Imperturbable – calm placid Impervious – impenetrable. and vehement speech Homogeneous – off the same kind Hyperbole – exaggeration. intensity of feeling Flag – droop. flattering.Diffuse – wordy. ornament. conjecture Facetious – joking (often inappropriately) Facilitate – help bring about. overflowing with enthusiasm Eclectic – selective. enhance. sheer nerve. often on the occasion of someone’s death Euphemism – mild expression in place of an unpleasant one Exacerbate – worsen. suitably expressed. hopeless. doctrinal Dormant – sleeping. unprejudiced Disjointed – lacking coherence. spread. reject Disparage – belittle Disparate – basically different. ineffectual Gainsay – deny Garrulous – loquacious. mock. difference Discrete – separate. block Impermeable – impervious. hurt Impassive – without feeling. overstatement Iconoclastic – attacking cherished traditions Idolatry – worship of idols Immutable – unchangeable Impair – injure. composure Equivocate – lie. wordy. fleeting Equanimity – calmness of temperament. instigate Forestall – prevent by taking action in advance Frugality – thrift. having insight Discordant – not harmonious. show contempt for Foment – stir up. make less difficult Fallacious – false. economy Futile – useless. presumptuousness Elegy – poem or song expressing lamentation Elicit – draw out by discussion Embellish – adorn. unconnected. misleading Fatuous – brainless. well chosen Fervor – glowing ardor. pretend Disseminate – distribute. stoical Impede – hinder. scatter Dissolution – disintegration. deprive Document – provide written evidence Dogmatic – opinionated. talkative Goad – urge on Gouge – overcharge Grandiloquent – pompous. refine. lethargic. state of requiring immediate attention Extrapolation – projection. conflicting Discredit – defame. mislead. embitter Exculpate – clear from blame Exigency – urgent situation. passionate. undeceive Discerning – mentally quick and observant. separated at the joints Dismiss – eliminate from consideration. latent Dupe – someone easily fooled Ebullient – showing excitement. arbitrary. carelessly . insincere Disinterested. bombastic. using high-sounding language Gregarious – sociable Guileless – without deceit Gullible – easily deceived Harangue – long. rambling. swell out Distill – purify. yet smug Fawning – trying to please by behaving obsequiously. composed of elements drawn from disparate sources Efficacy – power to produce desired effect Effrontery – impudence. attempt to conceal the truth Erudite – learned. or cringing Felicitous – apt. imperturbable. as a story Empirical – based on experience Emulate – imitate. grow feeble Fledgling – inexperienced Flout – reject. known only to the chosen few Eulogy – expression of praise. scholarly Esoteric – hard to understand. improve Ephemeral – short-lived. incapable of being damaged or distressed Implacable – incapable of being pacified Implicit – understood but not stated Implode – burst inward Inadvertently – unintentionally. inane. spread out Digression – wandering away from the subject Dirge – lament with music Disabuse – correct a false impression. destroy confidence in. foolish. by oversight. consisting of distinct parts Disingenuous – lacking genuine candor. looseness in morals Dissonance – discord. unrelated Dissemble – disguise. opposite of harmony Distend – expend. concentrate Diverge – vary. disbelieve Discrepancy – lack of consistency. rival Endemic – prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country Enervate – weaken Engender – cause. pressing needs or demands.
servile. sullen. flood. waver Ostentatious – showy. dormant. unite Indeterminate – uncertain. creep in Insipid – lacking in flavor. nullify. sycophantic Obviate – make unnecessary. stubborn. weariness Latent – potential but undeveloped. risky Precipitate – rash. everyday Negate – cancel out. painstaking. habitually dishonest Metamorphosis – change of form Meticulous – excessively careful. vilification Oscillate – vibrate pendulumlike. record of dayto-day activities Loquacious – talkative Lucid – easily understood Luminous – shining. impressionable Maverick – rebel. not superficial. unresponsive Insinuate – hint. overabundance Plummet – fall sharply Porous – full of pores. moderate Mollify – soothe Morose – ill-humored. indefinite Indigence – poverty Indolent – lazy Inert – inactive. hardened Invective – abuse Irascible – irritable. not easily disturbed Piety – devoutness. hidden Laud – praise Lethargic – drowsy. not clearly fixed. premature. multiply . questionable Prodigal – wasteful. deny Neophyte – recent convert. dull Levee – earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding Levity – lack of seriousness or steadiness. beginner Obdurate – stubborn Obsequious – slavishly attentive. stubbornness Inundate – overwhelm. complete Prohibitive – tending to prevent the purchase or use of something Proliferate – grow rapidly. reverence for God Placate – pacify. concerned with the practical worth or impact of something Preamble – introductory statement Precarious – uncertain. hasty. melancholy Mundane – worldly as opposed to spiritual. frivolity Log – record of a voyage or flight. committed to a party Pathological – pertaining to disease Paucity – scarcity Pedantic – showing off learning. close Officious – meddlesome. isolation Intractable – unruly.Inchoate – recently begun. prejudiced. lacking power to move Ingenuous – naïve and trusting. dull Insularity – narrow-mindedness. enthusiasm Permeable – penetrable. easily angered Irresolute – uncertain how to act. allowing liquids or gas to pass through Pervasive – spread throughout Phlegmatic – clam. elementary Incongruity – lack of harmony. rudimentary. like a sieve Pragmatic – practical (as opposed to idealistic). excessively pushy in offering one’s services Onerous – burdensome Opprobrium – infamy. trying to attract attention Paragon – model of perfection Partisan – one-sided. absurdity Inconsequential – insignificant. bookish Penchant – strong inclination. care. pretentious. taking liberties Prevaricate – lie Probity – uprightness. sudden Precursor – forerunner Presumptuous – arrogant. unyielding Intransigence – refusal of any compromise. lacking interest. submerge Inured – accustomed. porous. incorruptibility Problematic – doubtful. stinginess Perennial – something long-lasting Perfidious – treacherous. spread. young. weak Itinerary – plan of a trip Laconic – brief and to the point Lassitude – languor. unsophisticated Inherent – firmly established by nature or habit Innocuous – harmless Insensible – unconscious. issuing light Magnanimity – generosity Malingerer – one who feigns illness to escape duty Malleable – capable to being shaped by pounding. not thorough. unsettled. combine. disloyal Perfunctory – superficial. unimportant Incorporate – introduce something into a larger whole. reckless with money Profound – deep. get rid of Occlude – shut. nonconformist Mendacious – lying. imply. liking Penury – severe poverty. scrupulous Misanthrope – one who hates mankind Mitigate – appease. conciliate Plasticity – ability to be molded Platitude – trite remark Plethora – excess.
gluey Vituperative – abusive. determined to resist authority. person who suspends judgment until having examined the evidence supporting a point of view Solicitous – worried. correct conduct Proscribe – ostracize.Propensity – natural inclination Propitiate – appease Propriety 0 fitness. dormant. scolding Volatile – changeable. uncommunicative. sluggishness. inclined to silence Reverent – respectful. explosive. capable of maintaining life Viscous – sticky. banish. firmness of purpose Reticent – reserved. impassive Striated – marked with parallel bands. unruly Recant – disclaim of disavow. sharp in taste or smell. retract a precious statement Recluse – hermit. descend. brand Stint – be thrifty. fanciful Zealot – fanatic. make obsolete Supposition – hypothesis. set limits Stipulate – make express conditions. secret Refractory – stubborn. rare. denunciation. authorized Wary – very cautious Welter – turmoil. full of curves Tractable – docile. dormancy Tortuous – winding. support Supersede – cause to be set aside. specify Stolid – dull. slim Tirade – extended scolding. evaporating rapidly Warranted – justified. replace. ratify Satiate – satisfy fully Saturate – soak thoroughly Savor – enjoy. grooved Strut – pompous walk Strut – supporting bar Subpoena – writ summoning a witness to appear Subside – settle down. grow quiet Substantiate – establish by evidence. verity. not put into words Tangential – peripheral. fluctuate Venerate – revere Veracious – truthful Verbose – wordy Viable – practical or workable. assign Reproach – express disapproval or disappointment Reprobate – person hardened in sin. bewildering jumble Whimsical – capricious. digressing Tenuous – thin. easily managed Transgression – violation of a law. unmanageable Refute – disprove Relegate – banish to an inferior position. sin Truculence – aggressiveness. worshipful Sage – person celebrated for wisdom Salubrious – healthful Sanction – approve. disavow Rescind – cancel Resolution – determination Resolve – determination. misleading (often intentionally) Spectrum – color band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism Sporadic – occurring irregularly Stigma – token of disgrace. outlaw Pungent – stinging. only slightly connected.minor objection or complaint Quiescent – at rest. marked by sleepiness Specious – seemingly reasonable but incorrect. loner Recondite – abstruse. delegate. produce and release a substance into an organism Shard – fragment.disown. or quality Secrete – hide away or cache. perso who shows excessive zeal (enthusiasm) . ferocity Vacillate – waver. harangue Torpor – lethargy. surmise Tacit – understood. caustic Qualified – limited. smell. concerned Soporific – sleep-causing. temporarily inactive Rarefied – made less dense (of a gas) Recalcitrant – obstinately stubborn. generally of pottery Skeptic – doubter. restricted Quibble . profound. have a distinctive flavor. devoid of a sense of decency Repudiate .