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To most of the people, embedded systems are not recognizable as computers.

Instead, they are hidden inside everyday objects that surround us and help us in our lives. Embedded systems typically do not interface with the outside world through familiar personal computer interface devices such as a mouse, keyboard and graphic user interface. Instead, they interface with the outside world through unusual interfaces such as sensors, actuators and specialized communication links. The requirement for higher-performance microcontrollers has been driven globally by the industrys changing needs; for example, microcontrollers are required to handle more work without increasing a products frequency or power. In addition, microcontrollers are becoming increasingly connected, whether by Universal Serial Bus (USB), Ethernet, or Wireless Radio, and hence the processing needed to support these communications channels and advanced peripherals is growing. Similarly, general application complexity is on the increase, driven by more sophisticated user interfaces, multimedia requirements, system speed, and convergence of functionalities.