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A theoretical Approach
Semester Project - Clark Davis
Window System Interior Exterior Natural Convection Forced Convection Conduction Cellular Convection 09/29/12 Conduction Semester Project .Clark Davis 2 .
U-Factor U-factor (U-value). The lower the U-factor. 70° F (21° C) indoor temperature. The U-factor may be expressed for the glass alone or the entire window. It is expressed in units of Btu/hr-sq ft-°F (US) or W/sq m-°K (European metric). 15 mph wind. 09/29/12 Semester Project . and no solar load. which includes the effect of the frame and the spacer materials. Values are normally given for NFRC/ASHRAE winter conditions of 0° F (18° C) outdoor temperature. A measure of the rate of non-solar heat loss or gain through a material or assembly. the greater a window's resistance to heat flow and the better its insulating value.Clark Davis 3 .
Clark Davis 4 .U-Factor Calculator Interface Input Window Dimensions & Conditions Solve for U-Factor Input Window Construction Visual of Temperature Gradient 09/29/12 Semester Project .
188 0.367* Theoretical = 0. 09/29/12 Semester Project .Clark Davis 5 .Results Single Pane Double Pane Double Pane Argon Filled Theoretical = 0.181* *For a 1m*1m with 2 mm panes and 10 mm spacing and window at standard test conditions. U factor given in w/m^2.188* Theoretical = 0.
Conclusion • Results differ significantly from typical values – Modeling may use incorrect assumptions • Advantages of double pane are significant – Approximately 100% increase • Advantage of Argon is minimal – Approximately 5% increase 09/29/12 Semester Project .Clark Davis 6 .
show.cfm – http://www.ca/old/onlinetools – http://www.com/article.servicemagic.org/glossary.Sources • Argon Properties • U-Factor Definitions • Typical Values of U-Factor – http://www.Clark Davis 7 .uwaterloo.mhtl.T 09/29/12 Semester Project .efficientwindows.