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# Calculates Series and Shunt Resistors

Data Input: Speaker Impedance? Desired Attenuation? Amplifier Power/Channel? Data Output: Series Resistor = Parallel Resistor = Series Resistor Power = 8 Ohms 20 Decibels 50 Watts 7.20 Ohms 0.89 Ohms 45.00 Watts

Parallel Resistor Power = Speaker Power = Extra info: Shunt || Speaker = Amplifier Output Current (@ Full Power) = Current through Series Resistor (@ Full Power) = Current through Shunt Resistor (@ Full Power) = Current through Speaker (@ Full Power) = Amplifier Output Voltage (@ Full Power) = Voltage across Shunt and Speaker (@ Full Power) = Voltage across Series Resistor (@ Full Power) =

18.00 Volts

## Loss Lpad. Loss is defined to be Lp

Attenuation expressed in decibels of relative power. A 3dB pad reduces power to one half, 6dB to one fourth, 10dB to one tenth, 20dB to one hundredth, 30dB to one thousandth and so on. For voltage you double the dBs so for example 6dB is half in voltage.

## L-Pad for impedance matching resistor calculation

If a source and load are both resistive (i.e. Z1 and Z2 have zero or very small imaginary part) then a resistive L-pad can be used to match them to each other. As shown, either side of the L-pad can be the source or load, but the Z1 side must be the side with the higher impedance.

## see Valkenburg p 11-3[5]

Symbols used

Desired Attenuation? Speaker Impedance? Series Resistor = Parallel Resistor = Shunt || Speaker = Amplifier Power/Channel? Current through Series Resistor (@ Full Power) = Current through Shunt Resistor (@ Full Power) = Current through Speaker (@ Full Power) = Amplifier Output Current (@ Full Power) = Amplifier Output Voltage (@ Full Power) = Series Resistor Power = Parallel Resistor Power = Voltage across Shunt and Speaker (@ Full Power) = Voltage across Series Resistor (@ Full Power) = Speaker Power =

20.00 8.00 7.20 0.89 10.00 0.80 50.00 2.50 2.25 0.25 2.50 20.00 45.00 4.50 0.10 2.00 18.00 0.50

vel_change_decibels.value*.05));

t.maximum_current.value);

istor.value);

88.88888889 89 0.89 720 720 7.2 4500 4500 45 450 5 0.045 50 1 0.01

## rent_series.value*100); aximum_current_series.value); rent_series.value/100);

250 250 2.5 250 250 2.5 225 225 0.0225 25 25 0.25 200 200 2 1800 1800 18 80 80 0.8 2000 2000 20

m_current.value);

## esistance.value*100); al_parallel_resistance.value); esistance.value/100);

m_voltage.value);

20

0.05

10

0.8

0.888888889

7.2

50

2.5

20

45

al_parallel_resistance.value));

0.1

4.5

18

0.5

2.5

8.888888889

2.25

0.25

Speaker Impedance? Desired Attenuation? Amplifier Power/Channel? Series Resistor = Parallel Resistor = Series Resistor Power = Parallel Resistor Power = Speaker Power =

## 8 20 50 7.20 0.89 45.00 4.50 0.50

160 50.00 45.00 40.00

Series Resistor = Parallel Resistor = Series Resistor Power = Parallel Resistor Power =

140
120 100

35.00
Power (Watts)

30.00 25.00
20.00 15.00 10.00

80
60

40
20

5.00 0.00
0.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 15 20 dB Attenuation

111545279.xlsx.ms_office