ARISE AGAIN, O INDIA !

* Dedicated : To India, who gave me so much.

By François Gautier

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CHAPTER 1: WHO ARE THE HINDUS? Let’s say it right away: there are no Hindus… This word was invented by European colonizers to designate a people which lived in the valley of the Indus. The exact appellation should be “Indu”, a term which was actually used for centuries by outsiders, to name all India’s inhabitants, be they Muslims, Christians, Buddhists or Hindus. But when Indus became Hindus at the hands of western colonizers, it grew to be a source of confusion and had catastrophic consequences for Indian history: it brought indirectly the terrible partition of the subcontinent and is partly responsible today for the inter-religious strife in India. Who are the Hindus then – or shall we say Indus? Western (and unfortunately also Indian) historians have often reduced Hinduism to a code of moral conduct and a set of rites and rituals, or have even negated Hinduism by associating it only with the hated system of castes, forgetting that Hinduism was not only a wonderful system of thought, which influenced many of the philosophical systems of our planet, but that it was – and hopefully still is today, even if it has lost some of its early purity – a unique spirituality, which went beyond all religions in the true spirit of “Induity”. It may be necessary then – even for Indians, who often seem to have very little idea of the greatness of their culture – to remind the readers of a few of the lasting principles of Hinduism. In the beginning for the Hindus, the world was only the Being without duality: Sat. Certain sects of Hinduism even said that before man, before any living organism, there was only Non-Being: a-sat. But how could the Being emerge from NonBeing? In the beginning then, this world must have been Pure Being, unique, without past, present or future: “It was the hour before the Gods awake. Across the path of the divine Event The huge foreboding mind of Night, alone In her unlit temple of eternity, Lay stretched immobile upon Silence’s marge…” (Sri Aurobindo, Savitri, page 1) And then, « something » happened: “ Then Something in the inscrutable darkness stirred; A nameless movement, an unthought Idea, Insistent, dissatisfied, without an aim, Something that wished but knew not how to be, Teased the Inconscient to wake Ignorance”… (Idem, page 2) Human evolution had started; the Non-Manifest had descended into Matter. And all the forms of life as we know them, were going to blossom during the millions of years which followed, until the homo sapiens of today.

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And for the Hindus, the symbol, the unalterable proof of this descent of the NonManifest on our earth is jiva, the soul, a spark of the Infinite which is hidden in every thing. It is through jiva that the flower finds its infinite exquisiteness; it is because of jiva that the animal moves with such beauty, it is by the grace of jiva that man always aspires higher. “As tiny as an atom, as vast as the universe, jiva is unfathomable and cannot be seized; eternal, jiva cannot be destroyed; without attachments, free, nothing can touch it”, says the Taittirîya Upanishad. Hinduism has always maintained that jiva reincarnates itself from life to life, thus perfecting itself throughout the ages. Everything is valuable for jiva and there is nothing that it neglects, as each experience enriches the soul: sufferings and joys, honors and disgrace, king in this life, untouchable in the next, criminal yesterday, saint today…. When we die, the physical body goes back to the universal Earth, the intellect dissolves itself in the larger universal Mind, and the vital, or Life Force, which is the mass of the impulsions and desires which we have formed in the course of a lifetime, return to the universal Vital. And then jiva is reborn, again and again, until we become fully conscious of the Supreme Being from which we all emanate: “Old and feeble, he becomes young again and again”, says the Rig Veda. This concept of reincarnation, without which it is difficult to understand the why of our often painful lives, or accept the inevitability (and immense cruelty) of death, has been lost in the West and most other parts of the world and religions, whereas it was prevalent nearly everywhere during Antiquity. “Which sadist God has decreed that we would have only one life to realize ourselves and through which colossal ignorance Islam and Christianity have decided that we shall go to Heaven, or to Hell, according to the deeds, bad or good, which we have committed in a single life?” asks French writer Satprem. The ancient Hindus were intensely secular in spirit, as their spirituality was absolutely non- sectarian – and still is today in a lesser measure. Seven thousand years ago, Vedic sages, to define the Universal Law which they had experienced within themselves on an occult and supra-spiritual plane, had invented the word dharma. In a nutshell, dharma is all that which helps you to become more and more aware of jiva inside yourself. In fact, dharma defines good and bad: what helps you on the path of spiritual discovery can be considered good = dharmic; and what impedes, you can be taken it as bad = a-dharmic. And to help the seeker progress in his sadhana, the sages of ore had codified a series of systems called yogas. There is hatha-yoga, or the yoga of the body, the only Indian spiritual discipline which the West knows about and which has been copied by all the gymnastics and aerobics systems of the world; karma-yoga, or yoga of work; jnana-yoga, that of knowledge; bhakti yoga, the path of devotion… and so on. The Masters had also discovered that the personality of each human being is composed of three main “psychological” elements, or gunas: tamas, which is the principle of inertia, of heaviness and indolence; rajas, the more dynamic energy of our desires and impulsions; and sattwa, the most spiritualized and refined element

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She is the eternal Mother. But there is absolutely no moral implication. or sati cases in Rajasthan. it is their disciples and followers who later perverted their messages and converted what was essentially spiritual teachings into fixed religions with their intolerant and exclusive credos. but true compassion is always accompanied by right knowledge. The concept of the avatar is also indispensable to the understanding of true dharma. ever said that he was “the only” son of God and that his religion was the only true one. all Compassion. Thus in India – and it is true that it is often a paradox. even though many of them still look so unjust. carry automatically consequences for the next lives to come. All yogas have thus attempted to promote sattwa. or whatever name you want to give to That which is beyond us. child marriages. says a great Indian yogi. except maybe Mohamed. not only because of its fashionable misuse in the West. have often been relegated to the background – the feminine concept is a symbol of dynamic realization. Mohamed. good or bad. which fitted into the understanding and culture of the country where they had incarnated themselves. Finally. Western correspondents are always keen to do stories on female infanticides in Bihar. Hindus have always believed that the Infinite. one can understand a little better the sufferings of humanity. Each of these “sons of God” explained and developed their messages in the terms and with the images of their times. Christ. might result from a “good” karma performed in another body. Consequently. Krishna. It is in this way that 4 . it is often mixed-up in varying degrees with the Christian concept of sin and virtue. As a result. says the Buddha. Because of the influence of British thought. Karma is another very important tenet of Hinduism which has been perverted in modern times. None of them. while taming rajas and uplifting tamas. Confucius. because of influences during three centuries by missionaries and secular thought. has manifested Himself throughout the ages in human bodies . Beauty and Perfection. it is nowadays fashionable in India to always to highlight the downtrodden condition of Indian women and its underprivileged place in Indian society. all Force. the Supreme. the divine feminine energy. and today’s happiness. no notion of Good or Evil. But who knows that no country in the world has granted such an important place to women in its spirituality and social ethos ? “Without Him I exist not. without Her I am unmanifest”. which we perform during a lifetime. you will harvest its fruit sooner or later”. but also in India itself where.particularly at crucial stages during the history of humanity. there is never any absolute injustice: suffering in this life could be the consequence of a “bad” karma sown in another life.in us. it is difficult to understand Hinduism if you do not grasp the concept of shakti. as for Hinduism there is a mathematical and immutable logic in our actions: “Whatever the seed you planted. because of later Muslim influences. Hindus (and Buddhists) have always maintained that all actions. the Immanent. are all avatars in the eyes of Hindus. Buddha. who is all Wisdom. as women. With this knowledge. It is these followers who today refuse to adapt their religions to modern times.

since the dawn of times. which sometimes even went against each other. because it always recognized that the Supreme can only be diverse and that he incarnates Himself in many forms – hence the million of gods in the Hindu pantheon.or even one . Yet. such as Benazir Bhutto or Kaleda Zia. She is the consciousness transcending all things. for two reasons. And even today.is not recognized in the world today. Mahasaraswati. which has completely perverted our perception of India.and thus can never be perfectly seized by the human mind. monetary concerns. gave such a freedom to Indians that all kind of branches and sects developed within Hinduism. 1. that you have had women Prime Ministers. Indeed. And truly. and proportionately they have less MP’s than India. whether you want to call it a religion or a spiritual system. Hinduism was never static. the smile beyond all smiles. Indeed. in its essence He cannot be several . Hindus have venerated the feminine element under its different manifestations: Makalaxmi. if you want him to fathom the Unfathomable. neti. this enormous tolerance of Hinduism . Countries such as France or the United States. neti. it never barred its followers from experimenting new techniques and spiritual paths : everything that helps you on the way is dharmic. India has had many great female figures. preference of male children in some rural areas (but girls are loved in India like nowhere in the world) . Hinduism. or even acknowledged by Indians themselves. Unfortunately. whether warriors such as the Rani of Jhansi. the Divine cannot be “this” or “that”. or saints like Anandamai. Maheshwari – and even India is feminine: “Mother India”. behind all appearances – arranged marriages. the divine beauty beyond all earthly beauties. who are often preaching India on “women’s rights” never had a woman as their top leader. submission to men. and men often refer to them for important decisions. is without doubt the most monotheist religion in the world. if you prefer .1 The myth of Polytheism Throughout its long history. Hindus. The first one are the Muslim invasions and the second the European colonization. the concept of dharma. she is the emptiness beyond all emptiness. It is this fundamental principle which allowed India to survive all over the ages with a prodigious continuity. or the universal Law. whereas India had Indira Gandhi ruling with an iron hand for nearly twenty years. a revolution in human history! And finally this shakti concept is so rooted in the subcontinent. for the Hindus. who were once 5 . they control –even if behind the scenes – a lot of the family affairs: the education of their children (men in India are often “mama’s boys”). which is considering earmarking 33% of seats in Parliament for women. Mahakali. whereas other civilizations saw their cultures and their religions systematically destroyed. It is the immense shock between these two great monotheist religions and Hindu polytheism. from the poorest to the richest classes. Vedic Sages had understood that man has to be given a multiplicity of different approaches. in Islamic countries (Pakistan and Bangladesh) which are predominantly male-controlled in a much stricter way than India.or Induism.the role of women in India is essential and it can be safely said that very often.

said the Buddha 2500 years ago. or some Sufi shrine in Kashmir or Rajasthan. these are the results you will gain”… Yet the West is today wary of anything which has a Hindu flavor and is quick to label as “sects” everything that does not spring from the larger conventional family of Christianity. c) the world is God. It is true that gurus teaching in the West can be a mixed lot. one of the Christ. Not only that. d) God and the world are distinct. or doing pranayama. with a few photos of the Mecca or even John Fitzgerald Kennedy ! And Hindus have always worshipped at non-Hindu places. this is what may result.upon a time the best dialecticians in the world (and this is maybe why they are today the best software programmers of this planet).2. practicing his asanas. particularly after the coming of Christian missionaries to India who had a vested motive to show Hinduism in a bad light. this is what will happen. f) it is impossible to discern if the world is distinct from God or not… Never has the unique nature of Hindu polytheism been better defined. European Cartesianism and Hinduism “Only believe what you experience on yourself”. Hinduism with its myriad of Gods. There is no sectarism here. no pagan obscure rites. the Kafir par excellence. But is it less rational or Cartesian to think. but the ordinary Indian meditating every morning. which has survived even up to today in many ways. Indian philosophy and spiritual thought was thus always very down to earth and attempted to define scientifically and logically the different means and ways to reach the goal: “If you do this. to convert Hindus to their own “true” religion. such as Velangani. by violence. as the Buddhists did all over Asia. It is. if you breathe in this way. and some of them might have brought a bad name to Hinduism. who were both persuaded that their God was the only true one. no fake mysticism. perfectly acceptable for an ordinary Hindu to have on his wall the image of Krishna. for instance. masters or gurus. as their concept of the avatar helped them to accept the reality of other prophets. or doing his pujas. but they also propagated in the world the image of the “Pagan” Hindus. subtle . To understand India and Hinduism. and their armies never set to conquer other nations to impose their own culture and religion. not only did they set upon. e) God is distinct from the world. coercion. Yet for the Muslims and later European invaders. were able to come-up with this kind of equation: a) God is in the world. as the 6 . not even by peaceful means. chanting bhajans. Hindus have also always recognized the divinity of other religions. b) the world is in God. It is true that Hindus adore Gods made out of stone or cast in brass. alongside the one of Buddha. or devious means. does not feel he is doing anything out of the ordinary. one then has to go beyond the clichés of paganism and the accusations of sects that have been applied to Hindus. but the world is not distinct from God. if you practice this particular posture. the Christian place of pilgrimage of South India.and not so subtle. 1. represented the Infidel. but Hindus never tried to convert others to their own religion.

that Mary conceived a child while remaining a virgin. had remarked that the role that Gods play in India is remarkable “because the images or statues are like a battery which is charged over the ages by the adoration of the devotees. the remarkable French explorer. Hindus are great rationalists: they have discovered for instance that the sound Aum. more logical. or grace from these statues”. as long as the faithful continue worship it by their cult and adoration”. or that the breath is the physical conduit to the Divine. the most ancient and sacred Scriptures of Hinduism. But nothing. or that Christ came back from the dead and ascended physically to heaven (and not in his subtle body. the energy in the statue will not get discharged. “Amen” for the Christians.Catholics do. which are nearly totally ignored in the West and misunderstood in India. 7 . is more scientific. who in turn can draw energy. that the ragas. inspiration. But Alexandra David-Neel. which they have codified into pranayama. these few notes of music on which one can improve indefinitely. possesses very strong vibrations which take you to the deepest level and that the Creator is the Original Verb: Shabda Brahman. She goes on: “As a battery. without any doubt. the Indian science of breathing. more noble and prophetic than the Vedas. writer and mystic. have also a strong inner power. more Cartesian. At any rate. And she concludes: “Gods are thus created by the energy given out by the faith in their existence”. which is more likely)? Muslim invaders were also immensely shocked by this worshipping of images and gods and set upon destroying hundreds of thousand of temples and idols.

says the Shatapâ-brâhmana. not religion. the Vedic rishis had experienced within themselves the different subtle properties of agni. saura-agni . Who then were these “sages” who may have already pierced the secrets of our universe many thousands of years ago ? "I seek not science. I believe it to be the concealed divinity within Hinduism. and the solar fire – saura agni. And Sri Aurobindo to add: “our ancient vedic rishis knew of a triple fire. cease to think or hold opinions at second and third hand and reassert its right to judge and enquire in perfect freedom into the meaning of its own scriptures". I belive it to be knowable and discoverable. after long 8 .CHAPTER 2 : THE SECRET OF THE VEDAS “One finds two theorems in modern science which have a profound spiritual echo. but a practical necessity for the future of the human race. This prophecy of course. -but a veil has to be drawn aside. wrote in 1926 Sri Aurobindo. If one considered these two theorems under their true light. a curtain has to be lifted. like the solar system. I believe that Veda be the foundation of the Sanatana Dharma. India’s avatar of the Modern Age : first that atoms are masses of swirling structures. the electric fire – vaidyuta agni. page 90) Sri Aurobindo contended that Europeans have seen in the Vedas "only the rude chants of an antique and pastoral race sung in honor of the forces of nature and succeeded in imposing them on the Indian intellect". which they had named agni: the ordinary fire – jada agni. but Veda -the truth about Brahman. they could lead science to new discoveries which are today unfathomable and in comparison of which the present realisations would look very primitive”. the Veda will remain its end. which becomes solar. I believe the future of India and the world depends on its discovery and on its application. when entirely discovered. but a light and a guide to joy and action in the world. the inner fire. The recovery of the perfect truth of the Veda is therefore not merely a desideratum for our modern intellectual curiosity. all is known). the knowledge which all thought strives after -'yasmin vijnate sarvam vijnatam' (which being known. But he insisted that a time must come "when the Indian mind will shake off the darkness that has fallen upon it. He argued that the Veda remains the foundation of Indian culture: "the Veda was the beginning of our spiritual knowledge. not a lamp on the way to the forest. will be found to formulate perfectly that knowledge and practice of divine life to which the march of humanity. came to be fulfilled when the Americans exploded their first nuclear device in the Nevada desert in 1944. not to the renunciation of life.when one reaches the supra-mental levels of consciousness and of which nuclear energy is only the most material manifestation. not only about His essentiality. “It is through agni that man can reach superior states of being and come into contact with the Gods: agni is the mouth of the Gods and it is through this mouth that they breathe”. the truth which is beyond opinion. but to life in the world and among men". (India's Rebirth. Modern science knows only these first two fires and the fact that the atom is like a solar system could lead them to the third discovery”. But how could Sri Aurobindo have guessed twenty years before this momentous event. but also about His manifestation. and then that all the atoms are constituted of the same elements. not Theosophy. that solar heat is the result of a nuclear fusion and that nuclear power is locked in the atoms ? Because seven thousand years ago. For I firmly believe that the secret concealed in the Veda.

they had cast their plummet into the inconscient and the subconscient and the supraconscient. The Vedic rituals. lay in its application to the inner life of man. 94) What is the Secret of the Vedas? First we have to discard the ridiculously early dates given by historians and bring it back to at least 4000 BC. we only see in the Vedas a series of meaningless mouthings about the herds or the Sun. Why did historians show such an eagerness in post-dating the Vedas and making of them just a mumble-jumble of pagan superstition? Because it would have destroyed the West's idea of its own supremacy: primitive barbarism could not possibly have risen to such high conceptions so early. particularly when the Westerners have started our era after the birth of Christ and decreed that the world began on 23rd October 4004 B. And Secondly. nor weighed sun and star.wanderings in the satisfaction of the intellect and senses. even though some of them lost sight of the original Vedic sense. they had sought for and discovered the One and known and worshipped Him in the glories of His light and purity and wisdom and power". the Vedic rishis had gone down in their minds and their bodies all the way to the roots of Death. as Sri Aurobindo elucidates. religions. (India's rebirth. to that eternal question which haunts humanity since the beginning of times: why death? What is the purpose of living if one has alaways to die? Why the inevitable decay and oblivion? And there. Firstly. For the more ordinary souls. Therefore. they had read the riddle of death and found the secret of immortality." (India's rebirth.. "those who were not yet twice born". who had colonized the poor Dravidians? No wonder the West cannot recognize the Vedas for what they are. the reason why they have remained so obscure and lost their original meaning. 95) Is this then the work of a few uncivilized sheperds. the Vedic seers.. who had attained the ultimate truth. systems of yoga. but the point. To rise beyond death. subject to death and the falsehood of mortal existence. at the bottom rock of the Inconscient. so that only the initiated would understand the true meaning of their aphorisms. It has to be translated to us. that which made it the source of all later Indian philosophies.! Secondly.. The Vedas are the foundations of Indian culture. the mind is stopped and baffled by an unfamiliar language. has lost its profound meaning to us. Man lives in the physical cosmos. 116) Ah. these are the two secrets of the Vedas.C. when we read: "Sarama by the path of the Truth discovers the herds". Sri Aurobindo remarks that the Vedic rishis "may not have yoked the lighting to their chariots. in their own bodies. the whole foundation of their moral domination would then collapse. then. they had discovered the secret of immortality. it meant only an outer worship which was fit for their level of spiritual evolution." (India's rebirth. but He takes many faces in His manifestation. must inevitably return.. nor materialized all the destructive forces of Nature to aid them in massacre and domination. he has to turn from the falsehood to the 9 . the Vedic rishis had realized that God is One. which Sri Aurobindo called later the Supramental and which he said was the next step in humanity's evolution. but they had measured and fathomed all the heavens and earth within us. had clothed their oral findings in symbols and images. to become one of the immortals. (India's rebirth. "Not some mysterious elixir of youth. the greatest power of the Vedic teaching. All the subsequent scriptures of Hinduism derive from the Vedas.. this is the very foundation of Hinduism. the spring where All is One and death disappears in the face of the Supreme Knowledge and Ananda. into a plainer and less figured thought: "Intuitions by the way of Truth arrive at the hidden illuminations". 109) Lacking the clues.

he has to turn onto the Light. who is today the best Vedic specialist in the West. your spiritual tradition. For the Vedas are like a sun: in them you will find the key of all light. p 145). a mutual aid. and above all share it with the entire world. Sri Aurobindo also emphasizes that the work that was done in this period became the firm bedrock of India's spirituality in later ages and from it "gush still the life-giving waters of perennial never failing inspiration". Cherish it. all love and there is no individual or collective problem which cannot be solved by them (Arise Arjuna 221) 10 . support it. "The symbols of the outer sacrifice are given for this purpose in the manner of the Mysteries all over the world an inner meaning.Truth.(Foundations of Indian Culture. a communion". an intimate interchange. could not agree more: Ô Indians. David Frawley. represents the most precious treasure of the human race. a connecting sacrifice. the way to call down these aids was the secret of the vedic mystics. to battle with and conquer the powers of Darkness. as it is encoded in the Vedas. all life. they represent a calling of the Gods into the human being. This he does by communion with the Divine Powers and their aid.

Indus were precursors: XVIIth century French astronomer Jean-Claude Bailly had already noticed that “the Hindu astronomic systems were much more ancient than those of the Greeks or even the Egyptians and the movement of stars which was calculated by the Hindus 4500 years ago. or religion . it is Indian civilization which went gradually westwards (we shall not speak of its march eastwards.CHAPTER 3 : THE INFLUENCE OF INDU INDIA ON THE WESTERN WORLD It was always thought that India was a melting pot of different influences coming from the West. were known in the Vedic world under the name of smasana-cit”. discovered by Hindus. for instance. the sciences and the philosophies of many of the civilizations which are considered today by the West as the cradle of its culture and thought. the Greeks and Palestine American mathematician A. at different places. 3. he writes. “The funeral altars. French historian Alain Danielou noted as early as 1947 that “the Egyptian myth of Osiris seemed directly inspired from a Shivaïte story of the Puranas and that at any rate. as there is hardly any controversy about it) and influenced the religions. Seindenberg has demonstrated that the Sulbasutras. or via the Greek incursions. What about philosophy ? Hindu Shivaism seems to have had a tremendous influence in the indo-mediterranean world and reincarnated itself under different names. philosophy. whether it is by the way of the Aryan invasions for the Vedas. 11 . which are also in the shape of pyramids. and that she owes many of her achievements – her sciences. In astronomy too. inspired Pythagorean mathematics”. writes Seindenberg. American Vedic specialist David Frawley has also demonstrated that the methods utilized in the building of Egyptian pyramids were also borrowed from the Hindus. both archeological and linguistic. the traditional transport of Shiva”. definitely looks like an offshoot of Shivaism. does not differ from those used today by even one minute”. “Arithmetic equations from the Sulbatras were used in the observation of the triangle by the Babylonians and the theory of contraries and of inexactitude in arithmetic methods. Egyptians of those times considered that Osiris had originally come from India mounted on a bull (nandi). which are supposed to have influenced her architecture and philosophies. either by trade or through invasions. the ancient Vedic mathematics. during Antiquity.to outside influences.1 The influence of the Hindus on Egypt. Danielou thus remarks that “the Greeks were always speaking of India as the sacred territory of Dionysus and historians working under Alexander the Great clearly mention chronicles of the Puranas as sources of the myth of Dionysus”. But it is mainly Greece that was most influenced by the myth of Shiva: many historians have noted that the cult of Dionysus (later known as Bacchus in the Roman world). are pointing to exactly the opposite direction: In the millenniums before Christ. have inspired all the mathematic sciences of the antique world from Babylonia to Egypt and Greece. But more and more discoveries.

Bells too. the Christian Trinity (the ancient Sanatana Dharma: Brahma. particularly the Sankhya school. sacred bread (Prasadam). And it is true that the resemblances existing between Buddhism and Christianity cannot be simple coincidences. also remarks that Jesus sometimes wore an orange robe. such as the eleatic. It also seems very clear that Hinduism played an immense role in the making of Christianity. platonician. the different altars around churches (which recall the manifold deities in their niches inside Hindu temples). which cannot be found today in synagogues. Alain Danielou point outs that “quite a few events surrounding the birth of Christ as they are related in the Gospels. or the usage of rosaries are all Hindu customs”. are very obvious”. Saint 12 . Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. the XVIIIth century linguist of British India. Alain Danielou quotes Clement of Alexandria who admitted that “we the Greeks have stolen to the Barbarians their philosophy”. the Hindu symbol of renunciation in the world. the temples of Judaism. stoic. And even William Jones. There are many other similarities between Hinduism and Christianity : incense. gnostic or neoplatonician movements. such as the Vedanta and Upanishads. reciting the rosary (japamala). was tremendous on the different philosophical sects which flourished at different times in Greece. there is no doubt that many Buddhist and Hindu teachers traveled to Palestine in the beginning of our era. "In the same way. he continues. German philosopher Shroeder had also remarked in his book “Pythagoras und die Inder” that nearly all the philosophical and mathematical doctrines attributed to Pythagoras are derived from India. Buddhism was flourishing in northern and north-east India during the times of Christ and there are many legends that he came to India to be enlightened (and supposedly died in Srinagar). Vishnu and Mahesh). are used in churches and we all know their importance in Buddhism and Hinduism for thousands of years. We know that the Greek Demetrios Galianos had translated the Bhagavad-Gita and French philosopher and historian Roger-Pol Droit writes in his classic “L’oubli de l’Inde” (India forgotten) “that there is absolutely not a shadow of a doubt that the Greeks knew all about Indian philosophy”. are strangely similar to Buddhist and Krishnaite legends”.There is also no doubt that the impact of the Vedas and subsequent Hindu scriptures. Even if we discount these stories. particularly the writings of the Gospel. that the veneration of relics. the worshipping of the Virgin Mary in Catholicism is probably borrowed from the Hindu cult of Devi". orphic. Christian processions. the founder of the Art of Living. that the rigorous asceticism of certain early Christian sects reminds one of jaïna practices. noted that “the analogies between Greek Pythagorean philosophy and the Sankhya school. which is practiced in more than eighty countries. Alain Danielou thus notes that the structure of the Christian church resembles that of the Buddhist Chaitya. which was not a usual practice in Judaism. the sign of the cross (Anganyasa) etc… This Buddhist and Hindu influences started worrying later Christians: Saint Hyppolitus is know to have treated Brahmans of “heretics” and later.

but also their cultures are utterly dissimilar. palefroi in French. Greece and Eastern Europe. Yet. concludes Deleury. while the Gallic name is Reda. 3. the intermediary space. which is strange. about two millenniums before Christ. Indra is the warrior. the Redones and survives today in the name of Rennes. “All French history books. such as the one used in the Ballad of the four sons of Cu’Shorbb. but also an occult symbol of spiritual progress : “The four directions of the earth are the four horses of the Gods Earth and sky the two flanks of the horse. 3. there is no doubt that quite a few Hindu tribes (the Gypsies being the remnants of one of them). We also know that the name Ann is an ancient Shivaite name and that the Celtic legends of Saint Ann seem derived from Shivaite stories. through Iran. the reins. or in the name of a famous Gallic chieftain who fought Cesar: Eporedorix. when Celtic and Vedic tribes lived together and blended their customs”. should quote some of the Vedic chants of which we know many thousands and which bear an important part in the making of the Gallic ethos of today”. emigrated westwards. which is found in the name of a famous Gallic tribe. has the same metric rhythm than Vedic poetry. the harness. the moon the charioteer”… (Atharva Veda) Compare this to an old Celtic ballad: “As the spokes of a chariot’s wheel. pferd in German. The seasons.Gregory even destroyed himself some of the pagan Gods of a colony of Hindus who had settled on the river Tigris. British Professor Calvert Watkins has also shown that ancient Celtic versification. Everything is in the Breath: Hymns and melodies. which cannot be yet exactly determined with precision. points out Guy Deleury. where Celtic culture flourished in the first millennium before Christ. The prefix red is also found in the Latin name for the horse: paraveredus. “There was a time. And it is true that the similarities between the two cultures are striking: both Celts and Gauls utilized the same chariots and both described them in the same poetic terms. as the chariot to them was not only an instrument of war. writes Deleury.2. a French historian specialist of India. as not only huge distances separate both countries. a French town which used to be the capital of Bretagne. The secret links between Hindus and Celts India often exercises a fascination on French people. the cycle is the caisson of the chariot. rituals. The power of the priests and the force of the warrior”… Deleury also notes that in Sanskrit the chariot of war is called Ratha. to finally reach western Europe and the Celtic domains of Gaul and Ireland. The year is the chariot.3 Hindu influence on Western civilization 13 .

Western philosophy and culture trace its sources to ancient Greece… which in turn was greatly influenced by Hinduism. which has the clarity and the philosophical precision of Sanskrit”. Anquetil. such as Edgar Quinet. or Charles Renouvier. adding “that India is not only at the origin of everything. were devoting pages and pages to India. a river of Right and Reason”… 3. seems to disappear with him from the consciousness of Europeans and the references to Indian culture disappear gradually from all schools and universities. India’s wisdom will flow again on Europe and will totally transform our knowledge and thought”. already. the remarkable historian Michelet. such a Frederich Shlegel. Schools and universities were teaching Indian philosophy and famous writers and philosophers. where philosophers. particularly in Germany.4. religiously or politically – and even the Greek heritage seems pale in comparison”… The great Shopenhauer agrees with him and writes in the preface of his “The World as a Will and as a Representation”: “According to me. But it is in XIXth century Europe that an open admiration for ancient India’s culture flourished best. Since then. French philosopher Pierre Sonnerat had written: “Ancient India gave to the world its religions and philosophies : Egypt and Greece owe India their wisdom and it is known that Pythagoras went to India to study under Brahmins. she is superior in everything. the religious speculation of the Middle Ages. Hippolyte Taine. Ernest Renan. intellectually. Eugene Burnouf published in 1844 an Introduction to Indian Buddhism and it is in Paris that was created the first Chair of Sanskrit in Europe. the Alexandrine mystique. the influence of Sanskrit literature on our time will not be lesser than what was in the XVIth century Greece’s influence on Renaissance. The forgetting of India When Nietzsche collapses in January 1889. And Nietzsche himself had read the Vedas. the philosophy of the Greeks. which means that the West believes that all philosophical systems started with Greece and that there was nothing worth the 14 . the India of philosophy.Duperron had translated the Upanishads in 1801. wrote: “From India comes to us a torrent of light. India had devised most of the philosophical systems which Europe experienced with later. which he admired profoundly.tradition. Europe (and the United States) practice what French philosopher and journalist Roger-Pol Droit calls “helleno-centrism” (Greece-centered) education. y said that “there is no language in the world. at least in its essence. who were the most enlightened of human beings”. They contained. could quote from the Law of Manu and thought that “Buddhism and Brahmanism are a hundred times deeper and more objective than Christianity”. One of the last great French Romantics. Famous Indianist Jean Herbert reminds us that “many many centuries before us. even Greek. One day. In 1782. France itself had in the XIXth century a great India. of the Vedas and spirituality. the rationalism of the XIXth century and even the most recent incarnations of modern pantheism”.

Thus. But Hegel had much more words for India: “As to the Indians. he wrote. or pagan value”. we know that the European scientific spirit found its roots in Greece. in the Dictionary of Philosophers. whose works are probably as important as those of Aristotle. the great responsible for this forgetting of India is German philosopher Hegel. “Hegel. Firstly. declare “that the Hindu system of thought is hideous. without any intellectual rigor and coherence and cannot be compared with those of ancient Greece or modern Europe”. are treated as intellectual marvels”. even today. How could the English. one can hardly find a single reference to Indian philosophy in modern text books. he says. American Indianist David Fawley considers that this breaking away between the West and the East is totally artificial and was created by Europe to prove its material and intellectual superiority. partakes much more with eastern religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism. writes Roger-Pol Droit. one cannot come across a single mention. And yet. 15 . “L’oubli de l’Inde” (the forgetting of India) Droit explains the reasons of this “intellectual amnesia”. the so-called Sankritist of the late XIXth century say that “The Vedas are just a mixture of jumble-mumble”. whose religion was also definitely pagan and was inspired by Hindu practices. while some letters that Nietzsche wrote to his mother when he was six years old. In his a remarkable book mentioned ealier. her philosophy and her history are eternally rooted in Greece. admit that their very culture was derived from these very savages? And how could the missionaries. they who had come to civilize the Barbarians. he created them and made up for them a destiny and thoughts which they did not always have”. admit that their own religion was influenced by these very heathens ? And it is this neo-colonialist spirit which makes Max Mueller.name before them. Thus he concludes: “ if only the West knew that the philosophical and religious framework from which emerged later European science. or Barthelemy de Saint Hilaire the Education Minister of the French Government of 1883. they who had come to bring the True God to the Pagans. took an inferior. nor his books can be found in libraries. they would look at India differently”. he writes. did not discover the Greeks. “For instance. than with the Judeo-Christian tradition. And it is true that it is Hegel who immortalized the myth that the Spirit of Europe. of the Buddhist philosopher Asanga. he writes. their life and thoughts are solely an opium of foolish superstitions. which explain their utterly lethargic and dazed appearance”… But the two main culprits for this forgetting of India in Europe are the British colonizers and the Christian missionaries. “Everything that then came from the East.

as vouched so powerfully and artistically by Khajurao and the Kama-sutra. even in the art of physical love. the development of the body all this far away from the cities. p. the author of the classic “The Wonder that was India”. the science of war. The teaching was always on the guru-chelas principle. from the most mundane to the supremely spiritualised. which at that period was covered by forests. (Foundations of Indian Culture. it developed a great literature.L. in an environment of nature. That of the student. desires and needs of its ordinary people. the recluse and the yogi. so that each one fitted in the mould his inner development warranted. however brilliant the social and artistic civilisation he describes! For not only did the Hindus (not the Indians. conducive to inner growth. paricularly of the husband and wife -the beauty and comfort of Mohenjo-Daro is testimony to that fact. The original social system was divided in four "varnas". It laid the inspired basis of wonderful spiritual philosophies. (India's Rebirth. which was ecological. because all the aspects of life were turned towards the spiritual. it fathomed self and understood and possessed the world". crafts. Let its rays be settled deep within us. In turn the life of a man was separated in four ashramas. Basham's vision of a militant Hinduism and evil Aryans.Chapter 4: The Wonder that « was » India Like A.. polity. and the teacher being considered as a representative of God.. this is the very reason why Indian society provided the system of castes. it was time to discover the spirit and roam the width and breadth of India. industries. it examined the secret of external nature and discovered and lived the boundless and miraculous truths of the inner being. But India's greatness encompassed ALL aspects of life.L. young disciples would gather around him and he would begin imparting all the knowledge. "It is on this firm and noble basis that Indian civilisation grew to maturity and became rich and splendid and unique. Indian society of that time was neither dry nor ascetic: it satisfied the urges. The elders taught the student that "the true aim of life is to find your soul". As Sri Aurobindo emphasises: "The tendency of the West is to live from below upward and from out inward. from the highest to the most material. gathered in a lifetime -and the cycle would thus start again. The inner existence is thus formed and governed by external powers. where Indians excelled.116117) How far we are from A. In time he would become a yogi. literature. of kindness. which corresponded to each one's inner capacities. the householder. Basham. sciences. Everything was taught to the students: art. arts. That the great majority did not go beyond the first two stages is no matter. long before it became imperative and fashionable. demonstrate their 16 . India's constant aim has been on the contrary. when he had paid his debt to society and grown into wisdom. philanthropy and human sympathy and oneness. And when man had satisfied his external being. It taught them that perfection could be attained in all spheres of life.. worldly and inner. but the Hindus). writes Sri Aurobindo. most Europeans have often seen at best in India an exalted civilisation of « religious » and artistic achievements. to find a basis of living in the higher spiritual truth and to live from the inner spirit outwards"." The foundations of the Indian society were thus unique. he got profound respect and obedience from his pupils. 109) The old Vedic seers said the same thing in a different form: "their divine foundation was above even while they stood below. it rose to the highest possible ideals of knowledge and culture. of arduous greatness and heroism.. ample and vigorous order and freedom. or four castes. It lived with a noble.

like those between the British and the French. or tribal system. artistic. In the same way. spiritual. who acted as the sacrifice makers and were poets. the village community had its own assembly. say of the Brahmins. which certainly showed a certain similarity with Western parliamentary forms. constantly fighting themselves -and that it was thanks to the Mughals and the British. that India was finally politically united. for only professional armies fought and the majority of the population remained untouched. "Even when these classes became hereditary. but could be constitutionally challenged. because the Brahmins in spite of their ever-increasing and finally predominant authority. even social greatness of India. of whom he was also the religious preceptor. 326). it even allowed for men's inclination to war. who was often counsellor to the King. cultural. did not and could not usurp in India the political power". had no other occupation in life and their positions were thus not hereditary but depended on their inner abilities. In fact. Moreover.greatness in all fields of life. the predominance. artistic. And it was the same thing with warriors. at no time in ancient India. the system allowed for a great federalism: for instance. occultists and yogis. or even the Protestants and the Catholics within France itself. founded upon the equality of all members of the tribe. or lower class people. Indeed. the "visah". but made sure that it never went beyond a certain stage. Sri Aurobindo refutes the charge (which Basham levels). were there great fratricidal wars. the real power lay in the village panchayats. it always was disunited. 4. social. The Vedic sages had devised a monarchical system. is that whatever the spiritual. from the king downwards to the Shudra. remarks Sri Aurobindo. he was the sage. (Foundations of Indian Culture p. 17 . The priests. « There always was a strong democratic element in pre-Muslim India. with only the king above this democratic body. did not result in a theocracy. that India has always shown an incompetence for any free and sound political organisation and has been constantly a divided nation. a long time after the Vedic fathers. The early Indian system was that of the clan. merchants. whereby the king was at the top. but they had also developed a wonderful political system. except under Ashoka and some of the Mughal emperors just a bunch of barbarian rulers. The Rishi had a peculiar place. but these institutions were INDIAN ». This is doing again a grave injustice to India. born from any caste.1 The genius of Indian politics Another of these great prejudices with which Indians had to battle for centuries.

Kshatrya. be it literature. a nation has a soul. more glittering than the previous one. Indeed the whole Indian system was founded upon a close participation of all the classes. each village. 4. Even the great Ashoka was defeated in his power tussle with his Council and he had practically to abdicate. India felt for the first time the need to unify its forces. and each cult enjoyed its liberties. to excel perhaps as no other nation had done before her. Thus. but once more. the sacred law. always allowed a communal freedom for self-determination. p. Thus the monarchical system was raised-up again. and if this soul. although the world credits the Greeks with having created democracy. of the eternal truth behind man. the Metropolitan Assembly and the General Assembly of the kingdom. each town. in other cases. or painting and develop great civilisations. The members of the Ministerial Council were drawn from all castes. In some cases these "Republics" appear to have been governed by a democratic assembly and some came out of a revolution. although the king was a Hindu. It is this system which allowed India to flower in an unprecedented way. one upon the other and one upon the other. in all fields. But after the invasion of Alexander's armies. culture and social ideals of India has been the seeking of man for his inner self -everything was organised around this single goal. but as usual History is recorded through the prism of the Western world and is very selective indeed. One should also add that none of these Indian republics developed an aggressive colonising spirit and that they were content to defend themselves and forge alliances amongst them. more grandiose. there was no despotism as happened in Europe until the French revolution: the Indian king did enjoy supreme power. Thus could the Jews and the Parsis and the Jains and the Buddhists. practised their faith in peace. always survives » (Foundations of Indian Culture. which is eternal. maintains Sri Aurobindo. "And a people. Indian politics. but he was first the representative and guardian of Dharma. even the Shudra had his share in the civic life. sculpture. Thus the Council had a fixed number of Brahmin. It is to be noted that these Indian Republics existed long before the Greek ones. although very complex. is strong enough. the summit of the political structure was occupied by three governing bodies: the King in his Ministerial Council. And in truth. such as the people of India. But they enjoyed throughout India a solid reputation for the excellence of their civil administration and the redoubtable efficiency of their armies.Later it seems that it was the Republican form of government which took over many parts of India. In the last stages of the pre-Muslim period. it will keep evolving new forms to reincarnate itself constantly. this idea-force. And in turn. architecture. they seem to have had an oligarchic senate. who learn consciously to think always in terms of Dharma. with the Vaishya having a greater preponderance. his power was not personal and there were safeguards against abuses so that he could be removed. Indians always regarded life as a manifestation of Self and the master idea that governed life. had its own Metropolitan Civic Assembly allowing a great amount of autonomy. Furthermore. and learn to look beyond transient appearances.2. The Greatest literature ? 18 .334). Which religion in the world can boast of such tolerance ? As in a human being. each one more sumptuous. Hinduism was never the state religion. Vaishya and Shudra representatives. and even the early Christians (who abused that freedom).

in the spirit as well as the purpose. are a treaty of intuitive philosophy and show an extraordinary poetic rhythm. or can only be appreciated after a considerable effort of the imagination" (Wonder that Was India." (Foundations of Indian Culture p.95) As to the Upanishads.. in their substance and art and structure. 269). As seen earlier. But without doubt. asserts the Sage from Pondichery. The problem is that the translations do not render the beauty of the original text. the Mahabharata. p. the Upanishads. Sri Aurobindo evidently disagrees with him: "the ancient and classical literature of the Sanskrit tongue shows both in quality and in body an abundance of excellence. of fulfilled experience. p 288). of Indian Culture. legends. the mystic significance of life". of deva against asura. telling stories of philosophical. p. because these masterpieces have been misunderstood by foreign translators. its sublimest poetry. The Mahabarata is on a vast scale. Both the Mahabarata and the Ramayana are epical.269). even today. "the expression of the mind of a nation. effective. maybe unsurpassed even today. which are dearest to all Indians. there is the same power to embrace great spaces in a total view and the same tendency to fill them with an abundance of minute.260).. They record high spiritual experiences. a civilisation founded on Dharma. who only strive to bring out the intellectual meaning without grasping the soul contents of it and do not perceive the ecstasy of the seer "seeing" his experiences. it is the HISTORY OF DHARMA. religious. wrote again Sri Aurobindo. The Upanishads are Philosophy. it is the Mahabarata and the Ramayana. the strife between divine and titanic forces. its social. in grandeur and justice and charm of speech. It is also a book of ecstasy: an ecstasy of luminous knowledge. the Ramayana. It was only because the Vedic rishis were careful to clothe their spiritual experiences in symbols." (Foundations of Indian Culture p. "they are the supreme work of the Indian mind. particularly after they got translated in the last two centuries.. « a book to express the wonder and beauty of the rarest spiritual self-vision and the profoundest illumined truth of Self and God and the Universe ».. page 401). it is the poem of itself written by a whole nation. "The Veda is the WORD discovering truth and clothing in image and symbol. so that only the initiated would grasp them. its greatest creation of the thought and word. vivid and significant detail ». anecdotes. (India's Rebirth.. More than that even. (Foundations of Indian Culture. spiritual values: « as in Indian architecture. in their potent originality and force and beauty. and in the heightened width of the reach of their spirit which stands very evidently in the front rank among the world's great literatures. Religion and Poetry blended together. 19 . the Vedas represent "a creation of an early and intuitive and symbolic mentality" (Foundations of Indian Culture. writes Sri Aurobindo (Found. It is. notes Sri Aurobindo. 255) Four masterpieces seem to embody India's genius in literature: the Vedas. that their meaning has escaped us. a large flood of spiritual revelation. p 287). political and cultural life. It is cast in the mould of tales. the epic of the soul and tells a story of the ethics of India of that time. that of the highest self-expression of genius. which shows a total misunderstanding of the greatness of the genius of that « Mother of all languages ». social.Mr Basham feels that "much of Sanskrit literature is dry and monotonous. and on the other. A vast temple unfolding slowly its immense and complex idea from chamber to chamber" (Foundations of Indian Culture. You find on one side. beings who are embodiments of asuric egoism and misuse of Dharma.

« which contain in themselves.312). remarks Sri Aurobindo. which sings the cry of the soul for God. while embodying them in forms that are able to carry something of them to the popular imagination and feeling by way of legend. It seems to have been written by a single hand.. the most revealing. tale. why duty? Dharma. the mountains and the ocean. the highest in its intuitive reach. the Lord seated within the heart of all beings. a finer glow of poetry maybe. the great imperial city. who tried to copy the perfect and harmoniously designed model of his poetry. But we may mention Kalidasa. the Ramayana embodies the highest and most cherished ideals of manhood. perfect in its geometry. In Tamil. remarks Sri Aurobindo. miracles and parables » (Found of Indian Culture P. writes Sri Aurobindo. « Such then is the divine Teacher of the Gita. No religious book ever succeeded to say nearly everything that needs to be known on the mysteries of human life: why death. the duty to one’s soul. why life. as incarnated by the love stories of Radha and Krishna. we are shown the ideal man with his virtues of courage. as there is no deviation from story to story. for it is the most comprehensive. the highest spiritual and philosophical truths. another classic of India’s love couples and one that has survived through the myth of enduring worship. "like a vastness of vision. is shaped in the manner of the direct intuitive mind as earlier expressed in the Upanishads". page 17) The Ramayana's inner genius does not differ from the Mahabharata's. But it is. which have struck forever Indian popular imagination. in the folklore of this country. along with the popular figures of Hanuman and Laksmanan. the forest and wilderness. supernatural and there is an intensification of the characters in both their goodness and evil. (Found of Indian Culture page 290) Does India's literary genius end with the Ramayana? Not at all. The asuric forces have a near cosmic dimension of superhuman egoism and near divine violence. purity. gentleness. (Sri Aurobindo.. described with such largesse as to make us feel that the whole world were the scene of his poem and its subject the whole divine and titanic possibility of man. whose poetry was imitated by all succeeding generations of poets. Valmiki. imagined in a few great or monstrous figures ». For Indians. The Puranas and the Tantras. the adherence to truth. courage. He who guides from behind the veil all our thought and action ». selflessness. an even more winged-flight of epic in the conception and sustained richness of minute execution in the detail (289). wrote the highest ever gnomic poetry. as the chased angels of the Bible possessed after them. But Indian literature is not limited to Sanskrit or Pali. but the setting is more imaginative. Tiruvalluvar. the Divine who has descended into human consciousness. « The poet makes us conscious of the immense forces that are behind our life and sets his action in a magnificent epic scenery. The subject is the same as in the Mahabharata: the struggle between the forces of light and darkness. the supreme law. because they symbolise the nature in man seeking for the Divine soul through love. It would take too long here to jot down all the great figures of Indian literature and this is not a literary treatise. As in the Mahabharata too. Essays on the Gita. why suffering? why fighting. beauty.The Baghavad Gita must be the supreme work of spiritual revelation in the whole history of our human planet. virtue and spiritualised mind. the eternal Avatar. The Vaishnava poetry. symbols. also moulded the Indian mind with his depiction of Rama and Sita. except by a greater simplicity of plan. plan and force of 20 . "His diction. the faithfulness to the one and only divine reality which pertains all things in matter and spirit.

yogi. Ramdas. 21 . In Marathi. accompanied by Tulsidas who did the same thing in Hindi and who managed to combine lyric intensity. poet. In Hindi. forgetting that in India everything was centred around the spiritual. while retaining the original sublimity of the story.. with all the charm and the strength of a true bhakti. One cannot end this short retrospective without mentioning Chaitanya. deals with the birth and awakening of a whole nation. who retold in simple manner the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. thinker. is a master of lyric intensity and the sublimity of epic imagination. Nanak.All these remarkable writers have often baffled the Western mind. romantic flight of imagination.. which could never understand the greatness of Indian literature.execution. In Bengal. there is Kashiram. Kabir. Mirabai. Tulsidas.

and the sixth is varnikashanga". design. And every movement. of the soul.230). a MEANS to do so.4. six essential elements "sadanga" to a great painting: The first is "rupabheda". Not the idea of the intellect or mental imagination. as in Western art.211) In effect. the emotion. Indian art. the third is "bhava". Stories of how Indian sculptors of ancient times used to meditate for one year before starting on their particular work. Great temples in India are an architectural expression of an ancient spiritual culture. the fourth is "lavanya". harmony of colours. form carries whatever they think is spirit". But what remains of Indian paintings show the immensity of the work and the genius of it. Its many varied forms express the manifestation of the infinite multiplicity which fills the oneness of India. For the Indian artist first visualises in his inner being the truth of the element he wants to express and creates it in his intuitive mind. the fifth is "sadrsya". for the Indian artist. "for here spirit carries the form. as in the case of the Ajanta caves. Thus. And indeed even the Moslem architecture was taken up by India's creative genius and transformed into something completely Indian. its architecture for instance.. Foundations of Indian Culture p. which in its heydays continuously recreated scenes of Christ's life or that of saints. the spirit. but painting in India was certainly pre-Buddhist. seeking for beauty. but instead. the second is "pramana".. colour." (Sri Aurobindo. which either harps at the superficially beautiful or dwells at the vital-unconscious level. before externalising it. are common. as in the Natarajas for example. It even went through an eclipse and was revived by the Mughal influence.233) Indian painting. Western art 22 . material forms. NOT his first preoccupation. contrary to Western art. Indian sculpture also springs from spiritual insight and it is unique by its total absence of ego. they are rather the work of a collective genius whose signature could be "INDIA".208) This is indeed the great difference between Indian art and other art forms. he will endeavor to REVEAL the calm of Nirvana. while in western art. posture. And every accessory is an aid. p. Indeed in ancient India. has unfortunately been largely erased by time. line. demands an inner eye to be appreciated. embodiments of some great spiritual power. (Foundations P. power. to reconstitute some scene of Buddha's life.(Foundations p. truth of the form.. otherwise its truth will not reveal itself. "Most ancient sculptures of India embody in visible form what the Upanishads threw out into inspired thought and the Mahabaratha and the Ramayana portrayed by the word in life". but the essence.. hands. eyes. are only physical means of expression. arrangement of lines.but much more by the concentrated divine passion of the spiritual overcoming of time and existence which the artist has succeeded in putting into eye and brow and mouth. Very few of India's sculptures masterpieces are signed for instance. calmly forceful controlled dignity and kinship of existence which the whole spirit and pose visibly incarnates. conveys an INNER meaning. there were six "limbs". about which he said: « it is supreme. not only by the majesty. So he will not attempt. The Gods of Indian sculpture are cosmic beings. observes Sri Aurobindo (Foundations. emotion of aesthetic feelings. The paintings that have mostly survived from ancient times are those of the Buddhist artists.3 Indian art: Turned towards the essential "The highest business of Indian art has always been to describe something of the Self. distinction of forms. Sri Aurobindo admired particularly the Kalasanhara Shiva.

We are not here to make an historical review of them. parts of Afghanistan. the emphasis of the physical is secondary and always deliberately limited so as to give an overwhelmingly spiritual and psychic impression and everything is suppressed which does not serve this purpose". not of the religious. And it is hoped that Indian painters will soon come back to the essential. the first foreign invasion of the country. We may also mention the Gandhara kingdom. (Foundations. Chandragupta. liberated Punjab from the Greeks and managed to conquer the whole of the Indian subcontinent except for the extreme South.. Kashmir and was thus protecting India from invasions. p. The whole creative force here comes from a spiritual and psychic vision. This weakness did not exist as long as ancient India extended northward far beyond the Indus and the powerful kingdoms of Gandhara and Vahlika presented a firm bulwark against foreign invasion ». was. Thus started the mighty Mauryan empire. A little of that time is known through the Arthashastra of Kautilya. which included Peshawar. of art and pleasures. we are told. or Chanakya. who gives us glimpses of the conditions and state organisation of that time. according to conservative estimates. which was founded upon the cult of Shiva and was the spiritual and cultural capital of India. which represents the first effort at unifying India politically. Sri Aurobindo remarks that : "the Indian artist sets out from the other end of the scale of values of experience which connect life and the spirit.4 THE GREAT CIVILISATIONS It is upon this great and lasting foundations. came from a low caste. the universal law of the right distinction of forms. the transcription. It is unfortunate that today most Indian painting imitates Western modern art. for it constantly strays into intellectual or fantasy extravagances which belong to the intermediate world of sheer fantasia. a centre of learning. Chandragupta in true Indian tradition renounced the world during his last years and lived as an 23 . Sanatana Dharma. Remember that Gautama the Buddha preached his first sermon in the suburbs of Benares at Sarnat. only bringing here and there a few superficial modifications. and that at least ten centuries before Christ was born. for with them still rings the splendour and towering strength of the eternal spirit of the Vedic fathers. if one discounts the Aryan theory.246). all the theoricians and politicians thought about the unifying of India and this heralded the coming of the first great Emperor: Chandra Gupta. a few of their glorious names will suffice. 373) But soon these kingdoms collapsed and Alexander’s armies marched into India. Henceforth. Mother India. The administrative set-up of Chandragupta was so efficient that later the Muslims and the English retained it. social and political. bare for a few exceptions. who was the founder of the Maurya dynasty. the heart of Indian civilisation. was a kind of Babylon. produced many wonderful periods. « Kashi. (Found. which is the vision of the inner eye. who vanquished the remnants of Alexander's armies and assimilated some of the Greek civilisation’s great traits. On the other hand in the Indian paintings. whose origins were lost in prehistoric India and its kings ruled over a greater part of northern and even southern India ». cultural.as Sri Aurobindo points out: « the historic weakness of the Indian peninsula has always been until modern times its vulnerability through the North-western passes. eulogises Alain Danielou. The Kashi kingdom of Benares.always flouts the first principle "rupabheda". a sacred city . Minister of Chandragupta. a great show of refinement and beauty. artistic. but of the spiritual and the occult. 4. that India..

wielding an absolute power. opulence. administration. label Chanakya and Chandragupta’s rule as Machiavellian: « It was. At the same time. but each sphere of administration was enjoying a large autonomy and the villages were functioning like small republics ». ranks among the greatest constructed and maintained by the genius of earth’s great peoples. Hiuen Tsang. the brilliance. India's influence was then at its highest. starting with Bengal and Orissa. Historians. Bihar. The Bhakti movement. The Chinese traveller. conquered what is today UP. from this point of view. the Muslim invasions started overtaking India. Simhavishnu conquered the Chera. 114) This again is a very westernised view of post-vedic India. public works. Then came the Pallavas. the splendid fruitfulness of life of the peninsula under its shelter. It is to this period that belong the magnificent frescoes of Mahabalipuram which have survived until today. 24 . who were certainly one of the most remarkable dynasties of medieval India. where Shiva's black lingam was revered by Arabians. Ceylon and in the other direction to the Mecca. wave after destructive wave. « who had acquired great spiritual powers by the practice of shivaite tantrism ». During the Pallavas’ rule. famous for its mandapams.also developed in South India during the Pallavas and it gave a new orientation to Hinduism. writes Jean Danielou. But In 57O AD. which has passed down. great cities such as Kanchi flourished.anchorite at the feet of the jain saint Bhadrabahu in Shravanabelagola. but it is only with king Simhavishnu that they reached their peak. its remarkable organisation. Jean danielou feels « that King Harsha symbolised all that was right in Hindu monarchy. which went through a great revival period and the dravidian architecture style of Southern India. such as Alain Danielou. which cannot conceive that Hindustan could have devised constitutional monarchy before the Europeans. extending his empire northwards towards Nepal and Kashmir and southwards to the Narmada river. from generation to generation until today. the dynasty of the Vardhamana was establishing his might in the Centre of India. writes that he was an untiring man. just and courageous. Cambodia. Siam. another admirer of Harsha. busy ports like Mahabalipuram sprang-up. resting on military power and disguised into a constitutional monarchy ». the Pandya dynasties of the South and annexed Ceylon. 373) In the South the Andhras were dominating from Cape Comorin to the doors of Bombay. India has no reason. Founded by King Pushyabhuti. it reached its peak under king Harsha. a few years before the death of King Harsha. And Sri Aurobindo obviously disagrees: « The history of this empire. magnificent culture and the vigour. a centralised despotism. to be anything but proud of her ancient achievement in empirebuilding or to surrender to the hasty verdict that denies to her antique civilisation a strong practical genius or high political virtue (Found. (Histoire de l’Inde p. the Cholas. the Prophet Mohammed was born and by the year 632. constantly surveying all parts of his kingdom. writes Danielou. and arts blossomed under all its forms. near Mysore. who. The first Pallavas appeared near Kanchi in the 3rd century. So did the sanskrit language. her culture and religions expanded all the way to Burma.

Sikh or Mahrattis. The warriors of India had become arrogant. might have been Muslim today) Because the Kshatryia class had become weak. You know. this militancy to convert by the scimitar is « Jihad ». except in a few Rajput. These are questions best answered by Muslims themselves. like Shivaji. which they blended with Islam and transformed into Sufism. holy war. It assimilates its culture. It is the giving of oneself to the expansion of the Infinite. an answer to its perpetual ethos of suffering and its propensity to nail its saviours on the cross. degenerate in their clinging to power and the true spirit of the Kshatriyas had been lost for the centuries to come.CHAPTER 5: ISLAM AND THE MUSLIM INVASIONS 5. it would be worthwhile to cast a sympathetic look at Islam: why it sprang-up. each one can thus lead prayers and become in effect a mullah. its relevance today. unsurpassed in the history of religions. its genius. as it did in India.1 An apology of Islam Before going into the Muslim invasions in India. mystical branch of Islam. Why Islam ? Islam was a cry against the tortured atmosphere of Christianity. developed it and made of it a full-fledged mathematics system. What is the genius of Islam ? Islam does not kill the soul of a country. both religions are complementary. unafraid of death. its beauty. while at the same time Arabs managed to enter India again and again and again? (French King Charles Martel beat Arab armies in 732 in Poitiers. which was invented by Hindus: Arabs took it up. the only one. thus there is no Brahmin class in Islam. 25 . which from India travelled all through the Arab empire and reached Europe. no churches. 300 kms away from Paris. There is also a beauty in that kind of violence. how it immediately went out in the world with a missionary zeal. If this battle has been lost. each one is a servant of god and there are no intermediaries like in Hinduism with its idols and gods. no monasteries. Christianity is the first enemy of Islam. the whole of Europe. But why this extraordinary ferocity of Arabs in India? This brutal zeal to conquer. And this is what makes it so popular in the 20th century. They were a young warrior class. It is a religion of the individual. take the zero for instance. Allah. Or take the Advaita. why so many Muslims and non-Muslims. although in a sense. But the Arabs were khsatriyas: they were fired by the zeal to do Allah’s work. probably the most enlightened. Why did Europeans succeed in stopping the Arab onslaught. for the individual. disillusioned with western society and its evils are going back to the fundamentals of Islam. but also the limitations and drawbacks of the world’s most militant faith. although the author does not necessarily agree with all the views expounded here. thanks to Arab colonisation. each Muslim has a direct contact with his God.

Why should Islam be judged on the Burqa issue? It may be something that shocks the West.Islam cares for their own. it is in the Arab temperament. It is enough for a Muslim to say « Salam u alli kum » anywhere in the world and be treated like a brother. The unconscious fear of losing one’s Muslim identity in the face of the onslaught of the modern. borne out of the hardship and beauty of the desert and its nomad life. one can in pray in an atmosphere of peace. paintings. every Moroccan has contributed money. What are the qualities of Islam today ? Charity first and foremost. it is the fire of Allah which burns in them. completed in the early nineties.T. while adapting itself to the western world. Rama Rao! The motto of Islam ? You deal with your material life as if you’re going to live eternally. And finally. which opened India to invasions. Also the pure of Islam do not smoke. And this leads to an entrenched paranoia. Contrary to the Hindus. Each artisan has recreated the splendour of ancient Muslim handicrafts: sculpture. and with your spiritual life as if you are going to die tomorrow ». do not drink alcohol. who although they are generous people individually. and this also encourages Muslims leaders all over the world to reimpose the shariat in their countries. which seems maladjusted to today’s modern world ? It is the refusal by the Muslim world to be swallowed by the grey uniform. after having washed oneself. which is better: wearing a burqa while maintaining one’s identity. but the spirit of might. clothed and sometimes helped financially. Why did Islam crush Hinduism so mercilessly ? Hindus adore images and stone Gods and it makes them the number one enemy of Islam. Why the hardening of Islam today. it was an obligation. symbolises what is most luminous in Islam today and stands as an example of a Muslim nation which has (so far) managed to retain the positive qualities of Islam.witness the abject poverty in India . For did not the Prophet say: « thou shalt not worship stone idols »? Thus Arabs.What is the strength of Islam? Islam is a religion of force. did not feel guilty when they killed Hindus. Muslims all over the world feel they are attacked from every corner. or consider them impure when they are menstruating. After all.. fed. are not concerned by the welfare of their less fortunate brethren . nobody has anything to says. Hindus themselves forbid women in certain temples. its destabilising effects on men. it is thus a collective work which embodies all the love of beauty inherent in Islam and its moderation. Kashmir. Islam does it in the name of Allah instead of that of N. or finishing as a servant in some western bourgeois home with no dignity left? Moreover. the great universal Muslim brotherhood. the harping on returning to the shariat. when they invaded India. on the contrary. soulkilling materialism of the West. atheist world. however small an amount. There. whether in Bosnia. or even do not allow them to read the Veda. They all belong to the Ouma. 26 . The best of Islam today ? Without doubt the great mosque of Casablanca. Even the burqua is a returning to a fundamental that have baffled all religion: the mystery of the woman. or Chechnya. for the finishing of the mosque. Muslims are devout soldiers. if India imposes dry law in some of her states. It’s a people’s work. their savagery is not gratuitous. Palestine. but Islam is not the burqa alone ! And look at what happened in the West with the liberalisation of women: it led to the break-up of the family system and brought in a perverse sexuality.. Not the meekness of the Buddhist. do not take drugs. not the guiltiness of the Christians which has hampered all western civilisation. a holy duty. marble inlay.

Rome. Mogol architecture. And if you disagree. which in turn devised illustrious democratic systems and whose Kshatriyas were supposed to protect the land of Bharat against barbarian invaders? Since the beginning of Human History. Buddhism or Jainism.. of whom Mohammed is the only prophet » Which means in effect: « After (and before) Mohammed..Yet. human population and environment. Indus? About Indian Muslims They can never really be integrated to India. to spring forward again. But Pakistan also prepares the future greatness of India. But it should be interesting to see why these invasions happened. The limitations of Islam ? This is the profession of faith of a Muslim:« I certify that there is no other God than Allah. because the day where the two nations are reunited they will stand as individual entities. as the Arabs trampled India. for no civilisation. the Bangladeshi or the Pakistani (or the Sri Lankan for that matter). when it seemed she was on the brink of collapsing. And so many great civilisations are no more but in the memories of our text-books: Mesopotamia. with their own culture.2 Why the Muslim invasions of India ? Nobody will ever be able to estimate the incredible damage done to Indian culture.. Nevertheless. own soul. Greece. because of its extraordinary spirituality. if its inner core is strong and dynamic. transmuted by Hinduism as all other religions in India were over a period of time.. all civilisations have gone through the same cycle: birth-rise-peak maturity-decline-death. But for that. can be trampled upon so mercilessly. during the Muslim invasions which spanned nearly ten centuries.What Islam borrowed from Hinduism ? Sufism of course. civilisation. you shall die ». for it symbolises the fact that Islam always refused to be synthesised. Egypt. India always had the extra impetus to renew itself. What ever happened to that great Vedic culture. They are all governed by women ! Is it not a proof that deep inside him. there is nobody else. 5. whether Christianity. enchanting to the ear. because the philosophy of Islam the essence of its message is in total contradiction with what Hinduism represents. Look at the Islamic countries surrounding India today. own religion. Pakistan embodies the fundamental contradiction of the subcontinent. no other religion but ours. because of the Dharma stored by its great Rishis. more than any other civilisation before or ever after. It blossomed thus for at least five millenniums. are still worshipers of the eternal shakti principle: « without her you do not manifest ». Great Africa. Then India started faltering and Alexander 27 . they are there to stay About Pakistan. This puts a serious limitation to tolerance and from this strong belief sprang all the horrors of the Muslim invasions of India. Thus the whole religion of Islam is based on a negation: nobody but us. no more avatars ». Islam in India borrowed the Shakti concept of Hinduism. which adopted some of the beauty of Indu India. Hindustan music. Is it not also proof that deep at heart they are still Indians.But overall. which retained the perfect symmetry of Muslim linear design. while achieving infinite humanity. which gave birth to so many wonderful dynasties. Pakistan and Bangladesh will have to recognise their fundamental « Indianness ». above everything. absorbed.

is the fossilisation of the caste system and the gradual take-over of India by an arrogant Brahmin and kshatriya society. And the shudras were relegated to a low status. they fulfilled an indispensable role. where one gets the exact reward one deserves. bad deeds. and was twice-born in the spiritual sense. Spirit failed Matter. often giving the impression to the ignorant mind of total injustice done to innocent souls. who have eradicated their culture. There seemed to be two reasons for the decline of Indian civilisation. which in turn permitted successive invasions. Everything springs from a mathematical. an indifference towards the worldly. admits that it was because of an ancient "black karma". The Tibetan people's plight seems to be a good example of this phenomenon.concentration camps. peaceful. from Alexander to the Muslim and finally the European. who suffered and is still suffering the worst ignominies at the hands of the Chinese communists. so old. which allowed for the gradual degradation of the physical. Her sannyasins in their forests. earthquakes. so vibrant. adorable culture on earth. a great tamas overtook matter. bearing their fruits ages or cycles later. Thus slowly. Was it feudalism? Was it not opening itself to the world for so long? Or misuse of Tantrism? Who knows and who can judge? But it's a good bet to say that there is probably NO total injustice in this world. an intense inertia set in. Thus for India. Her gurus in their ashrams. spiritualised on top of that. dictatorships. torture. In the same manner. packs karma in each of its lives or cycles. must be the result of a bad karma. ultra-logical system. Thus Hindu religion lost its immense plasticity. A Brahmin who used to deserve his status by his scholarship and piety. that she has managed so far to survive the terrible Muslims onslaughts and later the more devious British soul-stifling occupation. is that India's soul is so strong.a Kshatriya became a warrior to express heroic tendencies in him developed from countless births on earth. including by Muslim apologists -see beginning of this chapter . What used to be a natural arrangement . which granted them recognition from the king himself.and India became ripe for invasions. razed to the ground hundreds of ancient and marvellous temples. the Muslims invasions and later the European ones. The second reason and the one which has been most commonly invoked.more than one million of this adorable people! Why? WHY? The Dalai-Lama. a nation which appears to suffer inexplicable hardships: persecution. an immense negligence towards the material. may be paying for a bad karma done dozens of lives ago. Why? Buddhists believe that each nation. Good karma or Bad karma have one unique characteristics: they are like a tiny seed. like the human soul. The foremost is that in India. Her yogis started withdrawing more and more in their caves.turned-out to be an inherited legacy. great natural catastrophes. Thus the individual who seems to suffer unfair circumstances in this life. which allowed her to constantly renew herself . Here is one of the most harmless. which was not merited by chivalrous deeds. when in their heyday. himself. which bears NO moral connotation like in Christianity. just inherited the charge from his father. may be amending for a karma accomplished centuries ago. But the difference with Tibet. the rape the land of the Vedas. famine . doing the menial chores. 28 .was able to invade her sacred soil and later the Arabs raped her beloved land. killed either directly or indirectly . a slackening of the down to earth values. one of the last great spiritual figures of this era.because is it so obvious. At some point.

girls. and finally from Sri Aurobindo. massacres. Buddhism and its creed of non-violence. refined". boys. chivalry. holy. "From the time when Muslims started arriving. by Husain Nizam Shah. p. burning in 1018 of the temples of Mathura. remarks Alain Danielou. who was one of the very few amongst Indian revolutionaries. But more horror was to come. armours. tents. around 632 AD. razing Kanauj to the ground and destroying the famous temple of Somnath. thanks to the Mughals. American Will Durant: "the Islamic conquest of India is probably the bloodiest story in history.3 The Muslim invasions of India Let it be said right away: the massacres perpetuated by Muslims in India are unparalleled in history. was an early example of Muslim ruthlessness. that there was not a single plain soldier who did not depart a rich man. or the massacre of the Armenians by the Turks. which was like an island of civilisation. For instance. seems to have been a conscious systematic destruction of everything that was beautiful. continues Danielou. spoliations. wiped-out entire races. rape. its magnificent palaces wrecked. of their sole God. bringing to India such treasures as the art of miniature painting. concludes Danielou. as usual. that the Barbarians have destroyed civilisations. We shall quote from the French historian Alain Danielou. and the violence you then perform is not only absolved. bigger than the Holocaust of the Jews by the Nazis. 29 . however beautiful and noble. Mahmoud Ghazni. The scenes of terror and massacre were unparalleled and mightier than the imagination can ever fathom. (Histoire de l'Inde. the Muslims set themselves to the task of destroying everything. slaves. in the name of "a holy war" of their faith. 5.free. His successors were as ruthless as Ghazini: in 103O the holy city of Benares was razed to the ground. the palaces. who had the courage to say the truth about what was called then « the Mahomedan factor ». but it also elevates you. whose delicate complex order and freedom can at any moment be overthrown by barbarians invading from without and multiplying within". karma.And finally. jewels. for its evident moral is that civilisation is a precious good. sacred to all Hindus. reminisces Danielou. It is. camels. the history of India becomes a long monotonous series of murders. in the midst of a shattered and bleeding India. the temples. as well as the Dutch scholar Koenraad Elst who has written a very interesting book called "Negationism in India (see next chapter). more extensive even than the slaughter of the South American native populations by the invading Spanish and Portuguese. ghazals and Sufism. its marvellous temples destroyed.222) In the words of another historian. was an horror: "During nearly FIVE months. It is a discouraging tale. destructions. for without any doubt the bloodiest Muslim deeds in India were done from the 14th century onwards. is « dharma ». The victors grabbed so much richness in gold. Indeed. Danielou points out that the sack of the magnificent city of Vijayanagar. Buddhists forgot the eternal principle of the Gita: « protecting one’s country from death. who today have been nearly raised to the ranks of great art patrons and benevolent rulers. weapons. opened India’s gates wide. and beauty. the magnificent residences. the Muslim policy "vis à vis" India. mass slaughter. precious furniture.

Jahangir. such as the one of the Satnamis of Alwar. where once honey and wine flowed like an Himalayan delight? Akbar was the exception in a sea of monsters. Nevertheless. banned all Hindu religious festivals and imposed the very heavy "jizya" tax on unbelievers. Shivaji's son and his Minister Kavi-Kulash tortured scientifically for THREE weeks and after that they were cut in small pieces till they died on 11 march 1689. indulging in unnecessary massacres and his ultimate goal was the destruction and the enslaving of the Hindus. The story of how he had Husain Beg and Abdul Aziz. chased from the court all musicians and poets. (Danielou p. his successors started again their policy of massacre and persecution of the Hindus. "he was moved by the shivering of elephants in winter. betraying his word to the Rajputs of Malwa. erring miserably in their land. He had his father imprisoned till the end of his life. although he had his preceptor Bairam. ravaging Punjab. "Aurangzeb had them massacred until the last one. has never been forgotten". was a staunch Muslim. p.251) Babur was another ferocious conqueror. History has treated him well. p. ordered his brothers executed and his own son imprisoned for life. was no better. and the regent Adam Khan killed. Sher Khan. Unfortunately. famine and misery. Women and children were killed by the Rajput themselves. culture and arts had been erased and the Hindus were once more haunted by persecution. there was nothing left in the coffers. He thus made once more the Mughal monarchy highly unpopular and everywhere revolts sprang-up. but had people he disliked whipped in front of him until they died. sewn in the skins of a donkey and a cow and paraded in the city. But it's against the great Mahrattas.and under him the Hindus were allowed some breathing space. people were killed. Aurangzeb was foremost a Sunni Muslim. maybe because his mother was Persian and he married Hindu wives. who were all massacred one by one after they had honourably surrendered. ransacked everything and razed 30 . Akbar had a close contact with Hindu thought and he dreamed of a new religion that would be a synthesis of all creeds . Histoire de l'Inde. a terrible famine ravaged India. (Danielou. by then the Mughal empire was already crumbling. says Danielou.269) But the worst of the Mughal emperors must be Aurangzeb. 278). What happened to the beautiful land of Bharat. Jehangir was a warped personality. leaving an entire region empty of human beings". Aurangzeb also battled the Sikhs and the Rajpouts. make of him a unique emperor. As for Humayun. but the woes of Hindus were not finished. In his 40 years of conquests. his religious liberalism. His intelligence. had Guru Arjun Singh killed. Through his Rajput spouses. His successor. he was better than the average lot. of Iran attacked Delhi in 1739 and for one whole week his soldiers massacred everybody. but smoking ruins". unbending. By the end of his reign. (Histoire de l'Inde. who spearheaded a Hindu renaissance in India. he had the koranic law applied in its strictest sense. forgetting that he too. knowing what would happen to them if they fell in Muslims hands. puritan.And nothing remained after their departure of the most beautiful and prosperous city of that time. Aurangzeb's religious fanaticism plunged India again in chaos. his interest for his people. his love of arts. that Aurangzeb was most ferocious: he had Shambuji. and was responsible for the great massacre of Chittor. Under his reign. Akbar's son. Nadir Shah. Fortunately. two enemies. he too must have slaughtered his fair share of Hindus. Aurangzeb was also the first Mughal who really attempted to conquer the South.

OOO horses. that India was ready for its next barbarians: the Europeans. After that blow.290). the Kohinoor diamond. so that the survivors would have nothing to eat.the entire countryside. 10. 31 . the Mughal dynasty was so enfeebled. the famous Peacock throne and 150 million rupees in gold. He went back to Iran taking with him precious furniture. (Danielou p. works of arts.

so that in the end. Thus. Sometimes. or again the 1 million Tibetans by the Chinese communists. that nobody knows anymore where the truth is. the conquered nations quickly opted for conversion to Islam rather than death. has called "negationism in India".S.000 Hindus a year. Koenraad Elst quotes Professor K. asks Elst? In other parts of Asia and Europe. INDEED PROBABLY THE BIGGEST HOLOCAUST IN THE WHOLE WORLD HISTORY. when the British started drawing them 32 .5 millions Armenians. Lal's "Growth of Muslim population in India".000 Hindus IN A SINGLE DAY. Elst estimates that out of the population of native Continental South America of 1492. or that of the 6 million Jews by the Nazis. but quietly retreated in the hearts of the pious and was preserved by the Brahmins' amazing oral powers. the massacre by the Turks of 1. Koenraad explains that negationism. was followed by the annihilation of the entire Hindu population there.. Teimur killed 100. "It is because of Hanifite law. with the heavy "jizya". which stood at 90 million. and many more on other occasions. clever.. Each successive campaign brought hundreds of thousands of victims and similar numbers were deported as slaves. never really gave up. (Negat. It is only much later. is not a new phenomenon. and Hinduism too well entrenched in her people's soul. are historical facts which have all been denied by their perpetrators. In 1399. allowed the pagans to become "zimmis" (protected ones) under 20 humiliating conditions. realising that they would never be able to annihilate the entire Indian population and that they could not convert all the people. the region is still called Hindu Kush. which means in this context "the denial of historical crimes against humanity". But deny is not the exact word. collected from them.CHAPTER 6 : NEGATIONISM AND THE MUSLIM CONQUESTS It is important to stop a moment and have a look at what the Belgian scholar Koenraad Elst. due to their mollah's refusal of British education (whereas the elite Hindus gradually went for it) and their nostalgia for the "glorious past"'. it is the numbers that are negated or passed under silence: the Spanish conquest of South America has been one of the bloodiest and most ruthless episodes in history. In his foreword to the book of the same title. Every new invader made often literally his hill of Hindu skulls. because of the staunch resistance of the 4000 year old Hindu faith. In modern history. Thereafter. the Muslims rulers. particularly under the Hanifite law. They have been NEGATED in a thousand ways: gross. the Muslim conquests were for the Hindus a pure struggle between life and death. Entire cities were burnt down and their populations massacred. indeed. the toleration tax. The Bahmani sultans in central India. subtle.34) But the "pagans" were far too numerous to kill them all. particularly following the crushing of the 1857 rebellion by the British. writes Mr Elst. only 32 million survived. terrible figures indeed but who talks about them today ? "But what of the conquest of India by Muslims". outrageous. that many Muslim rulers in India considered themselves exempted from the duty to continue the genocide of Hindus". But in India. the Hindu population decreased by 8O MILLION between the year 1000 and 1525. 'Hindu slaughter'. Thus the conquest of Afghanistan in the year 1000. the several millions of Russians by Stalin. the minds of people are so confused and muddled. The last "jihad" against the Hindus was waged by the much glorified Tipu Sultan. made it a rule to kill 100. at the end of the 18th century. Indian Muslims fell into a state of depression and increasing backwardness. who writes that according to his calculations.

political and intellectual. the destroyer of thousands of Hindu temples. the first Prime Minister of India and one of the architects of independence! M. No one is crying for vengeance. so as to divide India. but as far as indoctrination goes. at the hand of Hindus themselves. were all groomed in sympathising with the good Arabs and the bad Jews. which is Marxist inspired. Roy.. Roy. In "Communalism and the writing of Indian history". No collective memory should be erased for appeasing a particular community. since the Nazi genocide. "If AT ALL any violence occurred. and Nehru in a lesser degree. as alas it is able to do today: witness the persecution of Hindus in Kashmir. that they started regaining some predominance. Nothing wrong in that.N. and promptly proceeded to raze it to the ground: "Building interested Mahmud and he was much impressed by the city of Mathura. the Indian leadership. two or three young generations since the early twenties. The 33 . Mahmud was not a religious man.. were tutored on negating Muslim genocide on the Hindus. Negationism means that this whole aspect of Indian history has been totally erased. represent the foremost current of negationism in India.N. And guess from whom is that quote? From Jawaharlal Nehru himself. Hasn't the "radical humanist" M. sang the praise of the Mathura temple complex. It is only a matter of making sure that history does not repeat its mistakes. is to BE ABLE TO LOOK AT TODAY WITH THE WISDOM OF YESTERDAY. is a constant denial and even a perversion of the genocide committed by Muslims in India.000 Hindus chased from Afghanistan. in the hope that they constituted a fertile ground for future indoctrination. what has happened in India. Islam has been welcomed in India by the lower castes". from the consciousness of Indian people. the Mecca of secularism and negationism in India. not only from history books. One should also never forget that Communism has affected whole generations of ardent youth. denied the Muslim genocide by replacing it instead with a conflict of classes. Do the Jews of today want to retaliate upon contemporary Germany? NO.. And similarly in India. it was a matter of justified class struggle by the progressive forces against the reactionary forces." Want to listen to another such quote? This one deals with Mahmud Ghaznavi. where there are today a thousand edifices as firm as the faith of the faithful. but also from the memory. He was in the first place a soldier and a brilliant soldier". who according to his chronicler Utbi. written "that Islam has fulfilled a historic mission of equality and abolition of discrimination in India. and that for this. particularly of the early sixties and seventies. to keep alive the remembrance of their six million martyrs. the youth of the West. sacred above all to all Hindus. it was the Russian communists who decided to cultivate the Arabs after the First World War. Whereas the Jews have constantly tried. Amazing eulogy indeed of the man who was proud of desecrating hundreds of temples and made it a duty to terrorise and humiliate pagans. to remember. he goes on to say.000 Pandits have fled their 5000 year old homeland. who saw in Marxism a new ideology in a world corrupted by capitalism and class exploitation. Yet. And most of all. professors at the JNU in New Delhi. Romila Thapar. but that was just by the way.. whose 250.into the political mainstream. He was a Mahomedan. or the 50. Harbans Mukhia and Bipan Chandra. For strangely. has made a wilful and conscious attempt to deny the genocide perpetrated by the Muslims.. meaning the feudal Hindu upper classes. or the oppression of Hindus in Bangladesh and Pakistan.

. All other Hindu sacred places within his reach equally suffered destruction. several times Congress President. reported that 66 temples had been razed to the ground". Maulana Abul Kala Azad. which he based on four theories: 1) that the records (written by the Muslims themselves) of slaughters of Hindus. for their own selfish purpose.redoubtable Romila Thapar in her "Penguin History of India". What are the facts? Aurangzeb (1658-1707) did not just build an isolated mosque on a destroyed temple. The Aligarh school on the contrary. the enslaving of their women and children and razing of temples were "mere exaggerations by court poets and zealous chroniclers to please their rulers". the savage riders from the Steppe. and Education Minister in free India.. But that is another story. were of course greatly responsible for whitewashing the Muslims. even his own brother. How can one be so dishonest. The British. to rewrite the Chapter of Muslim invasions in India. their users were also wiped-out. 2) That they were indeed atrocities. is little more than a hostile legend based on isolated acts such as the erection of a mosque on a temple site in Benares".. they must be telling themselves: We killed them by the millions. As we can see Romila Thapar and Percival Spear's statement of a benevolent Aurangzeb is a flagrant attempt at negationism. (Neg 60). he ordered ALL temples destroyed. or so blind? But it shows how negationism is perpetuated in India.. A few examples: Krishna's birth temple in Mathura. the rebuilt Somnath temple on the coast of Gujurat. led by Mohammed Iqbal. But don't the Hindus know that many orthodox Indian Muslims still cling to the Deoband school. Aurangzeb did not stop at destroying temples.. if not 5 figures. The number of temples destroyed by Aurangzeb is counted in 4. one of the most sacred places of Hinduism and had mosques built on a number of cleared temples sites. and they still defend us!.Abu Tarab. co-authored with Percival Spear. such as Mohamed Habiib. It is sad that Jawarlhal Nehru and the Congress perpetuated that brand of negationism. In 1920. Habib started writing his magnum opus. we wrested a whole nation out of them. was a spokesman for this school. whom they needed to counterbalance the influence of the Hindus and the Congress. Even the respectable Encyclopedia Brittannica in its entry on India. What particularly interests us in the Aligarh school is the attempt by Muslim historians. What fools these Hindus are.. does not mention in its chapter on the Sultanate period any persecutions of Hindus by Muslims. we engineer riots against them. was executed for taking an interest in Hindu religion and the Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded because he objected to Aurangzeb's forced conversions. according to his own official court chronicles: "Aurangzeb ordered all provincial governors to destroy all schools and temples of the Pagans and to make a complete end to all pagan teachings and practices". The chronicle sums up the destructions like this: "Hasan Ali Khan came and said that 172 temples in the area had been destroyed. appointed to destroy the idol-temples of Amber. 3) That the 34 . propounded the creation of Pakistan. His majesty went to Chittor and 63 temples were destroyed. writes: "Aurangzeb's supposed intolerance. the Vishnu temple replaced with the Alamgir mosque now overlooking Benares and the Treta-ka-Thakur temple in Ayodhya. and should return to that status. The happiest in this matter must be the Muslims themselves. which says that India was once "Dar-ul-Islam". among them the Kashi Vishvanath. except "that Firuz Shah Tughlaq made largely unsuccessful attempts at converting his Hindu subjects and sometime persecuted them". but mainly committed by Turks. Dara Shikoh. with mosques built on them. the house of Islam.

of which India. the book does an apology of he moghol period in India. accuse Shiva “to incarnate obscure forces” (Introduction III) and of course use the word “fanatics” to describe the Hindus who brought down the Ayodhya mosque. while keeping quiet about all their crimes. of course. I destroyed their idols temples and built mosques in their places". that killing. ordered the executions of all the leaders AND PRACTITIONERS of his abomination. I went there myself. The main school of historic research in France is called the CNRS (National Center of Social Research). which symbolized a Hindu Renaissance after nine centuries of savage Muslim conquests. the last great empire of free India. while they often consider Hindus as fanatics… Take for instance the most recent Indian History book published in France “Histoire de l’Inde moderne” (1994 Fayard / Paris). with whom they are anyway in constant contact. One example is France. whether it was Mahmud of Ghazni (997-1030). founder of Vijaynagar who were converted by force to Islam when in captivity. although a Turk. But what is less known is that today many western historians not only still cling to these old outdated theories. but also actually more or less willfully mislead the general European public. many of these India-specialists are not only Leftleaning. but many of them are specialists of the Moghol period of India history. but also was supposed to have been heavily influenced in its philosophies or arts by European invaders – read the Aryans or Alexander the Great. are 35 . who are negationists. who devote their time and life to the study of India. would recite a verse of the Koran every night after having razed temples and killed his quota of unbelievers. which is to say that they are sympathetic to Islam’s point of view on India. as Elst points out. is the main component. "but what happened was there was a shift of opinion in the population. 4) That the conversion of millions of Hindus to Islam was not forced. "Muslim fanatics were merely faithful executors of Quranic injunctions. We know that the first historians of Indian – the Britishers – twisted India’s history to suit their theory that they had come to civilize a race which was not only inferior to them. or Firuz Shah Tughlak (1351-1388) who personally confirms that the destruction of Pagan temples was done out of piety and writes: "on the day of a Hindu festival. because they felt all along that they were doing their duty. who is generally totally ignorant and takes these “knowledgeable” comments about India as the absolute truth. who was no barbarian. all famous Indianists). that is they are very close to the ideas of the JNU historians. Basically.!!! (Negationism p. Unfortunately.. Finally. p. who on its own free will chose the Shariat against the Hindu law (smriti). one cannot but perceive the enmity of the authors for Hinduism. as they were all oppressed by the bad Brahmins". Indeed. In the chapter dealing for instance with Vijaynagar. It is not the Muslims who are guilty but Islam". 44) It is not only Indian historians. having subscribed to the usual Aryan invasion theory. and patronised art and literature.. The two young princes. which has a very important South Asia section. the authors (there are seven of. (Negationism in India. but also western historians and India-specialists.destruction of the temples took place because Hindus stored their gold and jewels inside them and therefore Muslim armies plundered these.42) Unfortunately for Habib and his school. the Muslims invaders did record with glee their genocide on Hindus. which has a long tradition of Indianists. plundering. Mohammed. enslaving and razing temples was the work of God.

France has not yet bothered to capitalize on this sympathy and has not managed to realize that India is the ideal economic alternative to a very volatile China. as we have seen earlier. the cruelest of the Moghul emperors. is often shamefully ignorant and uninterested by India. all the French newspapers chose to only highlight that he was an untouchable and that religious minorities in India were persecuted. comes to India to release the English translation of his book. they also glorify Muslims. although there has been a lot of sympathy for the French in India because of their tolerant response to the Indian nuclear tests of 1998 (whereas the whole western world reacted hysterically by imposing absurd sanctions). for instance who wrote a nasty book on Hindu fundamentalism and is most responsible for the bad image the BJP in France. The problem is that these Indianists not only write lengthy and pompous articles in France’s main newspapers. which they have always labeled as “fundamentalist” and dangerous for the “secular” fabric of India. explaining to the ignorant reader why is India on the point of exploding because of fanatic Hindus. particularly the Moghols. what a saint and lover of humanity… Aurangzeb. 36 . So much for secularism in India. their women raped. this monster who killed hundreds of thousands of Hindus and razed thousands of temples becomes at their hands a gentle hero: “ Babur did not like India and preferred to isolate himself in the exquisite gardens he had devised. then the French historians highlight the “ambition of Brahmins. But this Manichean impression has to be seriously countered (page 126)”… Unfortunately for the authors. with their geometrical design. nearly provoking a diplomatic incident between France and India). who like his citizens. although the BJP has been in power for quite a few years and nothing dramatic has happened to the secular fabric of India. their children taken as slaves and converted to Islam. has also the full sympathies of the authors: “Aurangzeb seems to have concentrated on himself the hatred of militant Hindus. which evoked to him the rivers of paradise”. but when Christophe Jaffrelot. but unfortunately they also advise the French government. or how the Harijans in India are still the most downtrodden people on earth (this is why when President Narayanan visited France in April 2000. but he had his scribes note each deed down for posterity… These French Indianists have also a tradition of speaking against the BJP. the author adds: “there he translated a manual of Koranic law and a Sufi treaty of morals”. who used these two young princes to reconquer the power that at been lost at the hands of the conquering Muslims” (page 54). who attribute to him systematic destruction of temples and massive conversion drives. the book then mentions “the unquenchable exigencies of the (Hindu) central power in Vijaynagar”. he is feted by the Press corps and all kind of laudatory reviews are printed in the Indian Press. This is why.accused of “duplicity”. Hindus could practice freely their faith. It would be nice to say that Indian journalists are not blind to this influence of French Indianists and the adverse impact it has on Indo-French relations. Oh. their crossed canals. because they reverted back to Hinduism as soon as they were free. forgetting to say that that for the first time in centuries. God what a sensitive poet! And to make it sound even more glorious. Aurangzeb was not only proud of what he was doing to the Hindus. Babur for instance. such as Left-leaning Le Monde. And all this to finally sum up in seven words the terrible end of Vijaynagar. Oh. that they were not killed. which has left a wound in the Hindu psyche even up to today: “looting and massacres lasted for three days”… But the authors of “Histoire de l’Inde moderne” do not only run down Hindus.

But how is it possible to live peacefully with a religion whose principle is "I will not tolerate you? How are you going to have unity with these people?. Sri Aurobindo felt that sooner or later Hindus would have to assert again the greatness of Hinduism. even though he is one of the most moderate Muslim leaders in the world. We do not want to point a finger at Muslim atrocities. it shows how deep was her faith. (Sri Aurobindo India's Rebirth 161. who fought for India's independence. And here we must say a word about monotheism.. I will kill you ». is actually the foundation for a true monotheist understanding of the world. is now liable to be forbidden because it is likely to lead to a breach of peace. « There is only one real God they said (ours). most widely practiced of all them. all the rest are just worthless idols ». he is open to new ideas and his culture and has got a wonderful capacity for assimilation. Hinduism is without any doubt the most monotheist religion in the World. accepting the Gita's message of karma of violence when necessary. recently said in an interview: « we have no fight with Christianity. or Krishna. yet had a broad vision that softened his words: "You can live with a religion whose principle is toleration. written on September 1909: "Every action for instance which may be objectionable to a number of Mahomedans. ultimately. for it is the key to the understanding of Islam.And. And ultimately the question is: Are the Muslims of today ready to accept Hinduism ? Unfortunately no. the yogi. It even cemented an alliance of sorts between the two great monotheist religions of the world.173) Or behold this. How prophetic! Sri Aurobindo could not have foreseen that so many Muslim countries would ban Rushdie's book and that Hindu processions would often be forbidden in cities. For Muslims all 37 . Christians and Muslims have always harped on the fact that their religions sprang-up as a reaction against the pagan polytheist creeds. And one is dimly beginning to wonder whether worship in Hindu temples may be forbidden on that valid ground (India's Rebirth p.The Hindu is ready to tolerate. how deeply ingrained her soul in the hearts of her faithfuls. This philosophy. how profound her karma. But the real question is: Can Islam ever accept Hinduism? We shall turn towards the Sage. It does not say: « there is only one God. Christianity and Islam. It says instead: « Yes Mohammed is a manifestation of God. or the King of Morocco who. it is a miracle that Hinduism survived the onslaught of Muslim savagery. for it recognises divine unity in multiplicity. but always provided India's central truth is recognised. witness the Britishers’ attitude in India. violent and murderous zeal of Islam against polytheist religions. particularly against Hinduism. which the Christians and Muslims call « impious ». but so is Christ. this way of seeing. yet they should not be denied and their mistakes should not be repeated today. for fear of offending the Muslims. or Confucius ». It is because of this « If you do not recognize Allah (or Christ)... or Buddha. our battle is against the Infidel who adores many gods ». 55). fanatic. If you do not believe in Him I will kill you ». that tens of millions of Hindus were slaughtered by Arabs and other millions of South Americans annihilated by the Christians. But as we have seen earlier. which adored many Gods. which is Mohammed. This « monotheism versus polytheism business » has fuelled since then the deep. which is the most comprehensive. who favoured Indian Muslims and Sikhs against the Hindus.

if it wants to survive in the long run. at every moment. for whatever he says. This what their religion tell them. And if the armies of Babar are not there any longer.. at every verse. of fuelling separatisms in the hated land and eventually to drop a nuclear device.(Rebirth of India. but of not repeating the same mistakes. And in India. Hinduism is still the Infidel religion « par excellence ». nay a Indu. has also matured into a poisonous tree which has been called Pakistan and comes back to haunt India through three wars and the shadow of a nuclear conflict embracing South Asia.000 Hindus in a day. p.. but his religion will make sure that he does not forget that his duty is to hate the Infidel.over the world. the question is not of vengeance. he might relate to his Hindu brother. 38 . But once again. have matured: the 125 million Indian Muslims of today have forgotten that they were once peaceful. As to the Indian Muslim. he remains an Indian. at the beginning of each prayer : « Only Allah is great ». or of reawakening old ghosts. Mahmud. as Sri Aurobindo once said: "More than 90% of the Indian Muslims are descendants of converted Hindus and belong as much to the Indian nation as the Hindu themselves". Even more difficult is to estimate the moral and the spiritual damage done to Hindu India. Unfortunately. and if it is not done any more to kill a 100. This is the crux of the problem today and the riddle if Islam has to solved. there is still the possibility of planting a few bombs in Coimbatore. the harm done by the Muslims conquest is not over. loving Hindus. And their mollahs still enjoin them to go on fight « jihad » to deliver the world of the infidels. forcibly converted to a religion they hated. The seeds planted by the Moghols.237) The embryo of secession planted by the Mahomedans. Indeed. by Babar. which will settle the problem once and for all. And they sometimes take-up as theirs a cry of fanaticism which is totally alien to their culture. or Aurangzeb. Kashmir and Kargil are reminders that the Moghol cry for the house of Islam in India is not yet over. We will never be able to assess the immense physical harm done to India by the Muslim invasions.

From 1600. the greatness of it institutions. ill will and destructive spirit of the West towards India. who granted him the right to establish warehouses for commerce. he concludes". revenge and atrocity and alienated themselves for ever from the "natives". Vasco de Gama. constantly infighting each other. which they 39 . to 1947. its sciences and its techniques now despised and discouraged.CHAPTER 7 : THE EUROPEAN INVASIONS Of the early European colonisers. ending for ever any chance of bridging the gap between the two cultures. For prior to the British conquest. the British divided India. of its philosophy. using false theories to forcibly convert the lower castes and encouraging his soldiers to take Indian mistresses. In truth. when one understands the genius of Vedic India. REPRESSION. There is no need to rewrite here the story of British India. when all other colonisers had already left. "was to trigger the slow and insidious destruction of one of the greatest civilisations of the world.L. But does that make it more acceptable? Nevertheless. when Mountbatten packed up the Union Jack. the Inquisition in Goa had nothing to envy the Muslims. except in sheer number. This was disaster for universal culture. Whatever all the folklore today about the "relaxed atmosphere" of Portuguese Goa (the good life. this theory does not stand under scrutiny. the history of the British in India has been one of subtle treachery. its arts. the Portuguese had to be kicked out of India. where he started a reign of terror. the tribal people. Dividing India to them was only a practical need to further their imperial dream .it was not done out of sheer fanatical conviction. crucifying Brahmins. Indeed. the British will have to share the blame for the harm that was done to India. when one discounts the theory of an Aryan invasion. the wine. Danielou feels that the crushing of the revolt. but at least there was some early attempt at understanding each other between a few enlightened Britishers and some Indians. their first prey were the Adivasis. 329) Another question should also be asked: was the European conquest a unifying factor in India? According to Western historians. INDIAN ELITE. the English went into a frenzy of murder. Ultimately. when the East India Company received its charter from Queen Elizabeth. they label India as a nation of feudal kings. But as seen earlier. and would be totally segregated from Indians. SECULARISM. As mentioned in the first chapter. burning "heretics". THE MISSIONARIES PRE-INDEPENDENCE The missionaries arrived in India on the heels of the British. And their share has four names: MISSIONARIES. or their cantonments. the Portuguese seem to symbolise best the total disregard. the sensuous women). Henceforth they would live separately in their forts. Basham. crass commercial exploitation and sometimes of savagery. when History will be rewritten. the Portuguese "hero". Hindu tolerance was exploited and the Portuguese wanted more and more: in 1510 Alfonso de Albuquerque seized Goa. But after the mutiny of 1857. was generously received by Zamorin. In 1498.1. the unparalleled tolerance and spiritual vision of Hinduism and how it had devised a remarkable political system adapted to its own needs and psychology. The English might have been totally ignorant of India's past greatness. the Hindu king of Calicut. 7. yes. Indeed. when they set upon acquiring bit by bit their empire. such as A. But once again. they exploited the schism between Hindus and Muslims and aggravated a small discontentment in the Sikh community. (Histoire de l'Inde p. the Portuguese were a ruthless lot.

they encouraged it and their whole structure was based on "the good Western civilised world being brought to the Pagans". Hence they had to slowly disappear. or Laloo Prasad. at a time when Europeans were still fornicating in their caves! Lord Hastings. he writes in his diary on October 2d of the same year: "The Hindoo appears a being nearly limited to mere animal functions. Christian mission centres had dreamed up a plan for a Christian partition in collaboration with the Muslim League. Prof. (as quoted by Sitaram Goel. they were converted by the early French missionaries and in time assumed French names.. which used the Adivasis for advocating covertly a breaking-up of the country.. was now entirely justified. Kishu. Secretary General of the Indian Council of Indigenous and Tribal people. It is also true that the missionaries... they said. using the secular arm of the British Raj. Originated from lower castes. A. is to be found in the breast of a Hindoo"! what a comment about a nation that gave the world the Vedas and the Upanishads. it will be but a speck compared to what the missionaries have done to our religion and culture »". Remember how Swami Vivekananda cried in anguish at the Parliament of Religions in Chicago: "if we Hindus dig out all the dirt from the bottom of the Pacific Ocean and throw it in you faces. gratitude. they are also a race which is slowly dying and is gradually engulfed by the Indian Tamils. nor honesty.. the missionaries in India were always a divisive force. could not agree more.promptly proceeded to name as the "original" inhabitants of India. particularly in UP. a race which became neither here nor there. during the mythical Aryan invasion. In the words of Charles Grant (1746-1823).. Chairman of the East India Company: "we cannot avoid recognising in the people of Hindustan a race of men lamentably degenerate and base... where the caste conflict is exploited politically by politicians like Mulayam Singh. But today the French have forgotten them. French manners and considered themselves as French. What better example of this than the Anglo-Indians. who felt that the use of the sword at the service of the Gospel.Neither truth. Claudius Buccchanan a chaplain attached to the East India Company. went even further: ". Nevertheless. has been lobbying hard at the UN so that the Adivasis are recognised as "the original settlers of India". either reverting to their Indian-ness. the missionaries became even more militant. "Was it not right. honour. or a monkey. they cost too much to their government and apart from a few brilliant exceptions. Chotanagur and parts of Kerala were to become Christian states. The missionaries in India were always supporters of colonialism. their own country sometimes. but never being fully accepted as their own by their British masters. These missionaries indeed poisoned the minds of the people they converted.with no higher intellect than a dog or an elephant. or settling abroad: evolution does not tolerate a people that loses its soul. The far north-east.and sunk in misery by their vices". disallowing their Indian-ness. cutting them from their own cultural roots.K. page 32).. nor charity.governed by malevolent and licentious passions. to free them from the grip of their masters.. Koenraad Elst writes that the missionaries were ultimately all set to trigger a Christian partition in India: "at the time of Independence. Kanshi Ram. who were colonised by the « bad » Brahmins. Governor General of India from 1813. It is the same with the "Pondichériens" the French of Tamil origin from Pondichery. broke down many "idol" temples to build their churches. although it never had the ruthlessness and ferocity of the Muslims. in his book "History of Hindu-Christian encounters." No wonder that the British opened the doors wide for missionaries! After the failed mutiny of 1857. making them hate their own religion. 40 . such as "Saint" François Xavier. who had enslaved them both socially and religiously"? Thus they set the Advisees against the mainstream of Hindu society and sowed the seeds of an explosive conflict which is ready to blow-up today.

It is true. there is the subject of conversions by Christian missionaries. or they are made to change their names. as well as on the Burmese side of the border. Then of course. BUT the evangelization of the heathen.. Has this policy really changed today? Not that much. which recently celebrated with great fanfare its century of Christian rule. The secret agreement between the Muslim League and missionaries acting as "representatives of tribal interest". but unfortunately there is not yet been any sanction to honour similarly other religions in Christianity. “but. under the guise of "religious studies". Finally. Sri Sri Ravi Shankar feels “that when you honour and respect another religion. of being a sinner. no history of the missionary involvement in India.. The Hindus honour the other religions. Indians never lacked education. they have been dictating policies in Nagaland. Always pretending to act as mediators. that the medical care is unique and most advanced. which in fact caused more damage to India by westernising many of us”. Sardar Patel foiled their plans. that Kerala got 100% literacy. still tries to convert its students. On this topic. many of whom are Indians. The problem with tribals in India is that if the missionaries had just done service there and left the tribals to their indigenous practises. adds Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.000 medical institutes in Madras before the British came. feels “that Christianity has often alienated Indian Christians from the mainstream. counters Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.forming a non-Hindu chain with the Nizam's Hyderabad and with Pakistani Bengal. They are afraid for instance to participate in anything that has a a Hindu connotation. such as Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. And nothing symbolises better today the 41 . Q. And it is true that Christianity also introduced the feeling of guiltiness. they appear to have actually helped the separatists with vital informations. there would not have been so many problems today”. the culture of conversion is not needed. Since then. the founder of the Art of Living. is sometimes used in Muslim propaganda. The International School of Kodaikanal. the missionaries seem to have been involved in secessionist activities in India's north-east. set forth very clearly the goals of education in India: "the object of all missionary labour should not be primarily the civilisation. Sadly for the Christians. Megalayam and Mizoram.schools may be regarded as converting agencies and their value estimated by the number who are led to renounce idolatry and make an open profession of Christianity". Christians are also proud that they brought education to India. “I would even say. thanks in greater part to Christianity. that the best schools in India are Catholic. What of today ? Moderate Hindu leaders. that it sometimes gave Christians an unfortunate feeling of superiority over Hindus”. it is not true: there were for instance 125. True also that sometimes this service is rendered out of true Christian charity. as proof that "Muslims and tribals are natural allies". there is no doubt about the ultimate purpose of that selfless service. But nevertheless. (Indigenous Indian Page 229) Even after independence. a certain fear psychosis sets in”.. The South Indian Missionary Conference of 1858. which has triggered a heated debate since the BJP Government came to power in 1998. the Christians only brought British education to India. And since they get alienated. can be complete without mentioning the health and education services they rendered. without any ulterior motive. that unparalleled selfless service was given and is still rendered all over the country. which is absent from Hinduism..

ethnic groups ? There would be at the centre a benevolent. Hindus. Now the clash of swords was no more. have always harped on the fact that "The British left no greater legacy in India than secularism". But in treating a minority community. secular government.2. liberal. But in the name of secularism. Buddhists. and the British were there to pacify everybody.3. the British set upon establishing an intermediary race of Indians. finds its right expression in the fold of a united India. which would allow for unlimited religious and regional autonomies. or semi-proxy.. 7. and realised that they could not govern such a huge country with so few of theirs. the living truth. which had to be wiped-out. it is the very basis.. particularly the Congress politicians. when the British arrived in India. Who would not dream of an India where all would live in harmony: Muslims. THE INDIAN ELITE When they took over India. Jains. the British were prompt to seize upon the dissatisfaction of the Sikhs. non-religious. South Indians. that Hinduism is more than a religion. Kashmiris. so that the soul of each culture. forming with the Gurkhas their best soldiers. Assamese. now that the bitter realisation had downed upon them that they could not make of India a Dar-ul-Islam. Is this then the democratic inheritance left by India’s erstwhile masters ? In reality. stupidity has been heaped upon the land of Bharat! The beauty and the genius of a truly secular India is indeed appealing. religions. slander. on par with the majority community. for India's greatness and identity and that which unites all other Indian cultures and even religions: Dharma. each religion. who had fought them ferociously but in peace served them as faithfully. The Muslim-Hindu divide was a problem of religious incompatibility. but they very quickly scented blood and felt they could use the ardent wish of Indian Muslims to be separate on their own. they were only a handful. a house of Islam. who have been glorified by the book "the City of Joy" by Dominique Lapierre. Nepalese. how much irreparable harm has been done to India. pitting each community against the other. the Muslims (or the Christians). how much damage. whom they could entrust with their work at the middle level echelons and who could one day be convenient instruments to rule by proxy. the British conveniently forgot that there were more than 300 millions Hindus in India. a wonderfully written book. 7. Parsis. who saw in Hinduism an infidel religion. Jews. The tool to shape these « British clones » was education. Christians. such an incredible mosaic of races. North Indians. SECULARISM Many post-independence Indians. on the parts of the Muslims. Sikhs. the Hindus. represents the whole of the country. the « pope » of British schooling in India: « We must at 42 . It would be a total lie to say that the British engineered the Muslim-Hindu enmity and are to be held responsible for the creation of Pakistan. In the words of Macaulay. reform-oriented. In the same way. Which country in the world can boast of such a diversity. which unfortunately gives the impression that a small part of India (the slums of Calcutta). They then set upon dividing the nation.continuing spirit of the missionaries in India than Mother Theresa and other missionaries. In the Muslims they found a ready ear.

wear the latest Klein jeans and Lacoste T Shirts. and it is they who are refusing to accept a change of India’s education system. And what is even more paradoxical. they did their fair share of harm to India. without trying to adapt it to the unique Indian mentality and psychology. It represents a belligerent civilisation and nothing could 43 . or the massacre of Jalianwala Bagh.and unless there is a big change in this intellectual elite. It seems today that India’s Marxist and Muslim intelligentsia could not agree more with Macaulay. read the New York Times and swear by liberalism and secularism to save their countries from doom. They will grow-up like millions of other western clones in the developing world. have denied India its true identity and borrowed blindly from the British education system. the journalists. they will reach elevated positions and write books and articles which make fun of India. who wear a tie. 7. and in general are useless. In time. the greatest adversaries of an « indianised and spiritualised education » are the descendants of these « Brown Shahibs » : the « secular » politicians. It does not want to represent the concept of the indigenous population of life and government and can never do. for his dream has come true: nowadays.. because then it would represent idolatry and barbarism. be “secular” high bureaucrats who take the wrong decisions and generally do tremendous harm to India. who upon getting independence. in a country which has so many talented youngsters who live in poverty. unless it is more conscious of its heritage and of India’s greatness. is less valuable than what may be found in the most paltry abridgement used at preparatory schools in England ». It is said that a nation has to be proud of itself to move forward . hardly reconcilable with morality. who may be interpreters between us and the millions we govern. in opinions. Macaulay had very little regard for Hindu culture and education : « all the historical information which can be collected from all the books which have been written in the Sanskrit language. which has begun to happen in a small way. whether the hangings of Indian nationalists. REPRESSION. they will preside human-right committees. the philosopher of the Indian Civil Service say: "Ours is essentially an absolute government. Indians in blood and colour. rich parasites. IMPOVERISHMENT The British were certainly not the Muslims. which has not yet really recovered from two centuries of Raj. which has for base not the consent of the Indians. the top bureaucrats. thrive on MTV culture. They ruled for two centuries with the unshakeable conviction of their own racial superiority which made Fitzjames Stephen. Their brutality. which is totally western-oriented and is churning out machines learning by heart boring statistics which are of little usefulness in life. it is going to be very difficult for India to enter the 21st century as a real super power. are today part of history. is that most of them are Hindus ! It is they. whose ruthlessness and atrocities have never been equaled in India's history. but their conquest. or the incredible ferocity which followed the great Indian Mutiny. a class of persons. in morals and in intellects ».present do our best to form a class. but English in taste. in fact the whole westernised cream of India.. And what India is getting from this education is a youth which apes the West : they go to Mac Donald’s. Or : « Hindus have a literature of small intrinsic value. Nevertheless. In a gist.4. they will be the ones who are always looking at the West for approval and forever perceive India through the western prism. full of monstrous superstitions ». because it has been programmed in their genes to always run down their own country.

they imposed the free entry of Lancashire products and slapped a heavy tax on export of Indian textiles. started slowly dying. than under the guise of petty commercial interest and total disregard for the ways of a 5000 year civilisation. They employed cheap labour for their enterprises. And today’s British Prime Minister probably does not understand one bit more about India than Lord Mountbatten did. 25 million Indians died in one hundred years ! The British may be proud of their bloody record. whose structures have survived till today. the priceless statues. there is no need to recall the rape of India. to Fiji. India was bled dry and had no resources left. 44 . stolen. but for a better administration of their own colony. which used to be a land of plenty. that men who hesitate to impose themselves openly". any inkling of the greatness of the country they had lived with for two centuries"? Except for a few souls like Annie Besant or Sister Nivedita. The ancient centres of Hindu culture got gradually bypassed and only the Brahmins kept the knowledge of Sanskrit alive. which more than anything else unified India. But then Mountabatten ought to have known better. The vast railway system. Instead. In textiles for example. It is probably more honourable and straightforward to kill in the name of Allah. cotton. whose finished products. According to British records. the great massacre of trees and forests for the voracious railways and the razing of old forts and houses. although it is hoped that it will be eventually replaced by India's true language of the future.be more dangerous than to have in one's administration. 4 million between 1825 and 1850. « where milk and honey flowed ». or to the West Indies? Culturally. or the Queen's private collections. and 15 million between 1875 and 1900. Fortunately. but in the face of so much resistance by the British. One of the most important aspects of British India was the development of the British system of education and of the English language as the sole base of university teaching. 5 million between 1850 and 1875. Is it necessary to remind too. the diamonds. Finally. And ultimately. which had made them famous over the centuries. Industrially. The thousands of art treasures. its institution. textiles in particular. India. But all these were not really meant for the welfare of India. Only the British diplomas were recognised and permitted to obtain a job. the question should be asked: "did the British leave India with any understanding. by the turn of the century. Thus. the British suffocated India. The roads network of India. like Jemshadji Tata. That the British still do not feel the need to hand back these treasures to India is a shame. One million Indians died of famine between 1800 and 1825. which now adorn the houses of the rich in England. Thus. how the English "exported" Indian labour all over the world in their colonies. which they needed as raw materials for their home industries. gradually strangling Indian industries. whether to Sri Lanka for the tea plantations. tea. acceptable to all. The unification of India by a single language. the answer seems to be: NO. visionaries. The remarkable Postal system. the history of the British would be incomplete without mentioning the positive side. they oriented Indian industry towards jute. its principles. The ecological rape of India is also a fact: the tens of thousands of tigers needlessly shot. started important industries so that there would be a structure at independence. to South Africa. were of a quality unique in the world. oil seeds. while traditional artisanat were perishing. at the head of a government founded on conquest-implying in all points the superiority of the conquering race.

45 .

Europe was only a disunited lot of barbarian tribes fighting each other.And Christianity certainly had a softening influence on the Western world. In the Middle Ages for instance.THE THREE GREAT DISINFORMATIONS ON INDIA A civilisation is like the human soul: it has a childhood. black plague. that civilisations did not stagnate. civilisations have risen. Lutheranism. because like a human being. where. China. such as France. This has been a natural process and barbarians have played an important role in the evolution of humanity. The advent of Jesus Christ heralded the rise of the European-Western civilisation. old age for these civilisations meant that they fell prey to barbarians. There have been many such great civilisations which rose and fell throughout the ages: Mesopotamia. Europe started expanding outwards and imposed its own civilisation on other cultures. Simultaneously. as all other civilisations had done before. a civilisation must die many times before it realises the fullness of its soul and attains divine perfection..the hard facts of life. barbarism was the order of the day for many centuries. The Crusades signalled the earliest attempt at unity. whose mighty borders extended then from Afghanistan to Cape Comorin. reached out to the far world and colonised huge chunks of territories in the Americas from the 14th century onwards. faster and acquired more territories than other European nations. an adolescence where it discovers . an adulthood. Human nature being what it is. for instance. whose forerunners were the Greek and Roman cultures. Thus Spain and Portugal for instance. because it mastered the seas. even though Christianity took different forms over the ages : Protestantism. in the most ruthless manner. because they had lost the vitality and the inner obedience to their particular genius. Greece. where it enjoys the fruits of maturity. Western civilisation must be intimately associated with Christianity. England. For long. of course. let's face it. Jesus Christ was an "avatar". since the dawn of human history. And certainly.sometimes painfully . went farther. which had lost their vitality and were open to conquest. the jewel in its colonies.. most of these civilisations established their might by military conquest and thus imposed their order and their views upon others. India. Africa. Christ was surely a great avatar of love. and as 46 . whose genius was consciousness in the material. must have been India. particularly. Christianity was the only island of sanity in a world of rape. developed henceforth. Some of these nations were great seafarers. which they had possessed at the time of their peak and which had protected them. Great Britain’s prize possession. where it struggles to learn. although the French and the British. and an old age. a process which some have called civilisation. In this manner. or Rome. Usually. achieving their enduring excellence -and then slowly begin their descent towards extinction. kept warring each other long after them. According to the Hindus. murders and chaos. for they made sure. European civilisation started reaching its maturity at the beginning of the 19th century and that a great civilisation. which slowly leads to death and oblivion. who often had to settle for the crumbs. a direct emanation from God. But it can be safely said that with the industrial revolution. others colonisation. Egypt. reached the top where they gravitate for some time. Russian Orthodoxy.

Unfortunately. Or Saint Gregory. Yet a few years ago. True also that they sincerely believed that they brought upon these « savages » the virtues of western civilisation: medicine. Yet. change their patterns of thinking. which play like a record that goes on turning. the economic might has replaced the military killing machine. was a ruthless man. who reached high spiritual experience. an entire civilisation. not only in the Western world. they stamped mercilessly on cultures. For the stamp of Western civilisation will still take some time to be eradicated. And three generations later the children of those who had been conquered. the Spanish soldiers and priests annihilated. moralistic. to replace them with totally inadequate systems. adapted Christianity and often looked upon their conquerors as their benefactors. in the name of Jesus. one of the brightest ever. whose discovery of the New World triggered an unparalleled rape in human history. and it created enduring patterns. that of the Incas and the Aztecs. The truth is that today. are being devoured by other barbarians. By military conquest or moral assertiveness. eradicated centuries old ways of life. long after its owner has attainded the age of decline. who practised true Christian charity. had forgotten their roots. who strove for divine vision in austerity. however courageous and adventurous. subtle disinformations and immutable grooves. crude. but no one in the Third World has been capable to challenge coherently that undeserved status. But today. Everywhere the Christians went. because all Christians believed . In South America.like the Muslims . not only the West still deifies Columbus. who attained authentic knowledge. The barbarians who thought they had become « civilized ». and as long as we do not get rid of that tainted glass we will not understand rightly the world in general and India in particular. education and spiritual salvation. Christianity. It is true that this was done in good faith. the West was able to celebrate the anniversary of Columbus. which slowly killed the spontaneity of life of the people they conquered. But the harm done by Christian missionaries all over the earth will never be properly assessed. There have been many great saints in Christianity.that only their God was the true one. But the New World was already quite old when it was discovered by the young Barbarians. but also in the entire so-called developing world. do’s and don’t. the West imposed upon the world its ways of thinking. And Columbus. They were thus able to radically alter civilisations. men of wisdom. Victorian. we are constantly looking at things and events through a prism that has been fashioned by centuries of western thinking. rites. Such were Saint François of Assisi’s. it was the Christians who preserved the oral and written word for posterity. got somehow politicised and fossilised under the influence of corrupt popes and has often become a magma of dogmas. Generally. The Christian colons sought to impose upon the people they conquered their own brand of religion . discoverer of the "New World" with fanfare and pomp. that the « soldiers of Christ » thought that the civilisations they stumbled upon were barbarous. 47 . Saint Vincent de Paul. pagan and incomprehensible. much older in fact than the fledgling Western civilisation.and they used the military authority of their armies to do so.the Brahmins did in India.

For a long time. most inhabitants moved away from the Saraswati to settle on the banks of the Indus and Sutlej rivers". the Vedic . the Ganges.C. who studied the Saraswati region at the beginning of the nineties. peaceful.8. describes India as it was BEFORE the great drought which dried-up the Saraswati. thus. witness the city of Mohenjo-Daro in Pakistani Sind. 48 . but had no culture to speak-off.Sanskrit.Mesopotamia.or Hindu religion. dark-skinned shepherds. had been influenced by the West. the Mahabharata. Sanskrit. "Thus. is only mentioned once. India’s sacred river. are attributed Sanskrit. But today. the Vedas were composed around 1500 BC. it divided India and pitted against each other the low caste dark-skinned Dravidians and the high caste light-skinned Aryans.or Valley of the Indus civilisation. the Ramanaya. or even its architecture. the Saraswati river was indeed considered a myth. who originated somewhere in Western Russia and imposed upon the Dravidians the hateful caste system. the Upanishads. called the Dravidians. According to official history. a rift which is till enduring. nomadic people. and not vice versa. some even say 1200 BC. no proper script even. They were supposedly remarkable builders. this theory is being challenged by two new discoveries. as well as a host of subsequent writings.. Thus.and that whatever good things India had developed . which was actually devised in the 18th and 19th century by British linguists and archaeologists. or Harappan civilisation was a CONTINUATION of the Vedic epoch. around 1500 B.. Then. THE FIST DISINFORMATION ON INDIA: THE ARYAN INVASIONS The theory of the Aryan invasion is still taken as the foundation stone of the History of India. because around 2200 B. Yet. the Vedas. one archaeological and the other linguistic. an immense drought reduced the whole region to aridity and famine. until the American satellite Landstat was able to photograph and map the bed of this magnificent river. found out that the Saraswati had "disappeared". no litterature. or Babylon . the first inhabitants of India were good-natured. the Rig Veda. which ended approximately when the Saraswati dried-up. etc… This was indeed a masterly stroke on the part of the British : thanks to the Aryan theory. instead of being the mother of all Indo-European languages. Sumeria.C. they showed on the one hand that Indian civilisation was not that ancient and that it was posterior to the cultures which influenced the western world . To the Aryans. Firstly. who had founded what is called the Harappan . in the Rig Veda. but the mythic Saraswati is praised FIFTY times. And on the other hand. he writes.1. became just a branch of their huge family. India is said to have been invaded by tribes called the Aryans : whiteskinned. the religion of Zarathustra is said to have influenced Hinduism. which means in effect that the so-called Indus. which was nearly fourteen kilometres wide and took its source in the Himalayas. Archaeologist Paul-Henri Francfort. According to this theory. literature. India’s greatest spiritual texts.

-the legend for instance of an Aryan invasion from the North.. these seals were presumed to be written in a crude Harappan (read Dravidian) script. a mathematician who worked at one time for the NASA and Dr Jha.. The name of Yaska is found on at least two seals ‹ possibly three. have been reportedly deciphered by Dr N. He also shatters the myth of the difference of language to support the theory of meeting of races: «But here also my preconceived ideas were disturbed and confounded. the artificial and inimical distinction of the Aryan and Dravidian which an erroneous philology has driven like a wedge into the unity of the homogeneous Indo-Afghan race.. of which the seals are a product. The style of writing reflects the short aphorisms found in Sutra works. philosopher. There are references to Vedic kings and sages as well place names. In the biased light of the Aryan invasion theory. Since the Harappan Civilization was known to be flourishing in the 3100 . I yet found myself continuously guided by words.. Bisht (and other archaeologists) have concluded that the Vedic Aryans of the Sarasvati heartland were the people who created the Harappan cities and the civilization associated with it”. or families derived from one lost primitive tongue». Like the majority of educated Indians. the conclusion of European scholarship"(India's Rebirth. It had close connections with Vedantic works like the Sutras and the Upanishads. although they had never been convincingly deciphered. a distinguished linguist.and surely its most ardent revolutionary. the embryology of the Aryan tongues. And it was through this Dravidian language that I came first to perceive what seems to me now the true law. Sometimes the Tamil vocable not only suggested the connection but proved the missing link in a family of connected words. discovered on the site of Mohenja Daro and Harappa.spoke against the Aryan theory: "We shall question many established philological myths. Of particular interest are references to Plakshagra ‹ the birthplace of the Sarasvati River. belonged to the latter part of the Vedic Age.The possibility suggests itself that they may even have been two diversions.Recently. in appearance so foreign to the Sanskrit form and character. and Sapta Apah or the Land of the Seven Rivers.. the Rigveda must have been in existence by 4000 BC. This means that the Rigveda must already have been quite ancient by the time of the Harappan Civilization. Bisht¹s investigation of the great Harappan city of Dholavira..1900 BC period. in establishing new relations between Sanskrit and its distant sister. and occasionally between the Greek and the Sanskrit. too. This now receives archaeological support following R. Sri Aurobindo. The vocabulary depends heavily on the Vedic glossary Nighantu and its commentary by Yaska known as the Nirukta. I had passively accepted without examination.(India's 104) 49 . poet. Latin. page 103). origins and. Rajaram. For on examining the vocabulary of the Tamil language. as it were. the famous Indus seals. The imagery and symbolism are strongly Vedic. But according to Rajaram and Jha “the Harappan Civilization.S. or families of words supposed to be pure Tamil. India's greatest yogi.

arguing that in the occult relation India had with the Universal Force. the original purpose behind the caste system. a theory which was imposed upon the subcontinent by its colonisers and is today kept alive by Nehruvian historians. just as much as class in Europe. Many Indian sages have even gone even further than Sri Aurobindo. "Caste was originally an arrangement for the distribution of functions in society. but because he discharged the duty of preserving the spiritual and intellectual elevation of the race. The Kshatryia was Kshatryia not merely because he was the son of warriors and princes. each one was born in the caste CORRESPONDING to his or her spiritual evolution. there is no doubt that the institution of caste degenerated. and the change weakened the nation and helped to reduce us to our present condition... But ultimately if one wants to understand the truth. exclusiveness and superiority came to dominate it instead of the spirit of duty. the most vilified subject of Hindu society at the hands of Western scholars and even today by "secular" Indians. THE SECOND DISINFORMATION: THE CASTE SYSTEM Even more than the Aryans-Dravidians divide and the Vedas. By this change it has set itself against the fundamental tendency of Hinduism which is to insist on the spiritual and subordinate the material and thus lost most of its meaning.. in India's Rebirth. and he had to cultivate the spiritual temperament and acquire the spiritual training which alone would qualify him for the task. the caste system has been the most misunderstood. 8. have now come to be subordinate and even immaterial and is determined by the purely material tests of occupation and birth. the spirit of caste arrogance. but because he discharged the duty of protecting the country and preserving the high courage and manhood of action. they say.(India's Rebirth. good". There are accidents. So it was for the Vaishya whose function was to amass wealth for the race and the Shudra who discharged the humbler duties of service without which the other castes could not perform their share of labour for the common.and the consequences of this new theory applied not only to Asia. History should be rewritten so that Indian children learn to be proud of their ancient and INDIGENOUS civilisation . p 26). it is becoming more and more clear that there probably never was an Aryan Invasion in India. once essential. Can one accept such a theory? Sri Aurobindo. but the principle on which this distribution was based was peculiar to India. while praising the original caste system. (Sri Aurobindo. one must go back to the Vedas.2. errors. Christian missionaries (it is thus easy to convert the downtrodden tribals and Dravidians.. but also to the entire history of the whole world.Hence. but the system seems to have worked pretty well untill modern times when it got perverted by the vagaries of materialism and western influence. And the Barbarians came ! 50 . misfits. by telling them that Hinduism was a religion thrust upon them by the hated "Brahmin" invaders) and the communists (who hate anything Hindu. p 27). does not spare it in its later stages: "it is the nature of human institutions to degenerate. It ceased to be determined by spiritual qualifications which. and he had to cultivate the princely temperament and acquire the strong and lofty Samurai training which alone fitted him for his duties. A Brahmin was a Brahmin not by mere birth.

It is very unfortunate that these theories have been taken-up blindly and without trying to ascertain their truth. Danielou finds lineage between the Vedic religion and the Persian religion (Zarathustra). because it has become totally irrelevant today ? At any rate. by missionnaries. "secular" historians. 8. they only saw "that it is full of childish. the Vedas! So much misconception. so many prejudices. as it has been in the last two centuries. this theory was perpetuated by most Western historians. but actually post-dated them to approximately 1500 to 1000 years B. that it is tedious. silly. where one still marries in matching castes. so much distortion have been spewed about this monument of a book. and by pre and post-independance Indian politicians each for their own purpose. 51 . ever attempted to understand its original purpose and genius? Is it really worse than the huge class differences you can see nowadays in Europe ? And can you really exclude it today off-hand. or as an inhuman and nazi system. Danielou for instance. took up the Vedas. have the people who dismiss caste as an Aryan imposition on the Dravidians. Finally. Henceforth. as well as the Greek Gods. as we saw in the second chapter. when it still survives so much in the villages . commonplace. And even when more enlightened foreigners like Max Mueller. Muslims. which was reshaped by the Aryans and later put down in Sanskrit ». that it represents human nature on a low level of selfishness and worldliness and that only here and there are a few rare sentiments that come from the depths of the soul'.But finally.C. who saw in the Vedas "the root of the evil". he sees in the Rig-Veda "only a remarkable document on the mode of life. page 62) But Danielou must be the mildests of all critics. The real disinformation started again with the missionnaries. as long as India will not realize what a treasure not only for herself. brought it down to a set of pagan offerings without great importance. in their dialectical cleverness. the seed of discord planted by the missionaries and the so-called sanskritists will continue its work of ignorance.and even in more educated circles. who not only stripped the Vedas of any spiritual value. will it finally disappear altogether from India. The third disinformation: the Vedas The third piece of disinformation concerns the Vedic religion. taking into account the parameters of modern Indian society? Or else. but also for the whole humanity it possesses in the Vedas. the problem is that he seems to imply that the Vedic religion may have sprung from the Zoroastrian creed! He also puts down all Vedic symbols as purely physical signs: for instance Agni is the fire that should always burn in the house's altar. by many Indian historians and sociologists such as Romila Tharpar. even monstrous conceptions.(Histoire de l'Inde. But. Ah. with the help of an astrologer? Does the caste system need to be transformed. the source of paganism and went systematically about belittling it.3. Hindus should not allow it to be exploited shamelessly against them. maintains that the original Vedas « were an oral Dravidian tradition. The Jesuits. whose Sanskrit scholarship cannot be denied. this unparalleled epic. low. to recapture its old meaning and once more incarnate a spiritual hierarchy of beings? Or has it to be recast in a different mould. society and history of the Aryans".

52 .Thus. once these three disinformations. have been set right. one can begin to perceive in its proper perspective the Wonder that WAS India. the caste system and the Vedas. that of the Aryans.

who regarded British rule in India as a "divine dispensation". even until today. as the Congress. still are. the Congress was a tool fashioned by the British for their own use. was happy with criticising moderately the Government. both in the West and in India. And comments Danielou: "the teaching of philosophy. while those who had a deeper vision and worked with dedication for a true. are in the shadow and have been waylaid by Historians. is that its pre-independence leaders were anglicised. It is these early Congress leaders who began the slow but insidious crushing of the Hindu society.O. such as the Arya Samaj or the Brahma Samaj. the soul-glory of its simple people. such as giving Lord Sinha (Lord Sinha indeed!) the honour of becoming the first Indian to be part of the Governor's Executive Council. But originally. And certainly. Witness the fact that it all began in December 1885.. while reaffirming its loyalty to the Crown and its faith in "liberalism" and the British innate sense of justice"!!! Thus for a long time. But soon of course it changed into suspicion and downright hostility.CHAPTER 9: THE INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT It is hoped that one day the history of India's independence movement will be totally rewritten. But these westernised moderate Congress leaders. arts. Thus.. sciences. turned towards constitutional agitation to obtain from the British Parliament a few laws favourable to India. And those who have least contributed to India's independence. which is perfectly acceptable to all Hindus. through which they could attack the old Hindu system. So what ? What must be understood to grasp the whole history of the Congress. They were the outcrop of an old British policy of forming a small westernised elite. the Congress Governments. under the guise of transforming it. which constituted the prestigious Indian 53 . but because their mind worked on the pattern of their masters. the apparent. And the Englishmen did hand over a few crumbs here and there. as Hinduism has always tolerated in its fold divergent movements. they turned to be the greatest Hindu-baiters and haters of them all -as verily their descendants. the Britishers considered favourably the Congress and sought to use it to justify their continuing occupation of India. For instance. from the greatness that Was India. cut off from its Indian roots. Thus they encouraged the start of "reformed" Hindu movements. not only were these Congress leaders "moderate " (as they came to be called). which will serve in the intermediary hierarchies of the British Raj and act as go-between the master and the slaves. found it difficult to get identified by the vast mass of India which was deeply religious. or worse who were partially responsible for its most terrible traumas. with the avowed aim to: "Allow all those who work for the national (read British) good to meet each other personally. realising is folly. occupy a place of honour in those books. the false even. whose idealism was at best a dose of liberalism peppered with a bit of socialism "British Labour style". wholesome independence. which were installed after July 1937 in most of the provinces. For what is now taught. is often the history of the superficial. to discuss and decide of the political operations to start during the year". western educated Indians. A. partially cut-off from the reality of India. till the end of the 19th century. Hume. encouraged everywhere the development of education modelled on the British system. the Congress. with an Englishman. History wants us to believe that the independence movement started with the Indian National Congress.

nationalism means external revolutionary movements. So. it adopted a non-co-operation attitude towards the war effort. A man without intellectual training. p. without any help whatsoever from the State. those who had an inner vision of what the British really represented. castes. but also her Kshatriyas. the cry of their Indian counterparts". Thus. such as the much decried Hindu Mahashaba. ridiculous. Narendarnath Dutta. what was true nationalism? Who were the real revolutionaries. But India's greatness has always been her spirituality. In India's early independence movement. most of whom are totally ignorant of India and turn towards Indian intellectuals to fashion their opinions. utilised to the hilt its English speaking press to present these Hindu parties as barbaric. Thus in India.cultural tradition. revolutionaries. Thus the British declared the Congress illegal. But this strategy was good enough to convince the British that when they left. materialism. but because Mahatma Gandhi refused to cooperate in the second world war. in Bengal. and the British media in turn. the nationalist movement. which had at heart the defence of India's true heritage started taking shape. which used to amplify the problems of untouchability. took-up. Not only her Brahmins. or westernised Indians. ultimately. The work of salvation." When the first true cultural. when because of Mahatma Gandhi's rigorous non-violence policy. her strength was always founded upon her Spirit's hold. his truth so radiating. or the even more maligned Rama Rajya Parishad. initiated by the remarkable Hindu monk Swamy Karpatri. even though it constituted a tiny westernised minority. "The Congress. jailed most of its leaders and embarked on a policy of heavy repression. or cow worshipping. The Congress did turn radical finally in 1942. educated and uneducated. to belittle these movements. they were ridiculed by the Congress. we are all gentlemen). they came to the temple of Dakshineshwar in Calcutta and bowed at the feet of Shri Ramakrishna. the work of raising India out of her lethargic sleep HAD BEGUN. which attempted to counterbalance the Muslim League's influence. those who knew what was the genius of India and how it was destined to be great again? Once more. writes Danielou. Sometimes a nation's soul is more predominant in one region. were only trying to change India from a greatness that was to a greatness to be. there was born a man who could not read and write a single word. fanatical. the REAWAKENING of India's soul started at the source. as parrots. later known as Swami Vivekananda. a man who would be considered totally useless by Britishers. social and political movements. But this man's inner strength was so great. went there not directly for India’s independence. (Histoire de l'Inde. they would have to hand over power to the "respectable" Congress (after all. This has often been forgotten and justice should be done again. In Europe. nothing has changed in India: the English-speaking press still indulges in Hindu-bashing and it is faithfully copied by the western corespondents. became more and more ignored and COULD ONLY SURVIVE THANKS TO THE BRAHMINS. because we are induced in error by the West's opinions about it. we have a wrong understanding of nationalism. was the brightest 54 . drew their heroism from that fountain. in one particular culture. it was Bengal which held high the light of reawakening. whereas India's true Hindu majority would be deprived of their right. which after all. rich and poor. 345) To this day. Vaishyas and Shudras even. in her Spirit. that from all over India. But the truth is that those of the Congress who were imprisoned and are deified today for that fact.

Surendranath Tagore and Sister Nivedita formed the first Secret Council for revolutionary activities in Bengal. who played only a superficial role and did not have a millionth of his vision took the forefront. spread widely. But action was accompanied by inner vision: "While others look upon their country as an inert piece of matter. but "fails" to appear for the riding test and is disqualified. P. forests. Bepin Chandra Pal.. which called for the boycott of British goods. From 1900 onwards. has been mostly ignored by history. Surendranath Banerjee. Cambridge in 1890. where he enters St Paul's School in London in 1884 and King's College. violence against the oppressive British was not organised. In brief that we are at present the blind led. packs him to England. 10).. He was also the first to inspire in the Western world a certain respect towards Hinduism.I am not going to fight with sword or gun. One should remember that at that time. he spends his first years at Rangpur (now in Bangladesh) and at the age of 5 is sent to Loreto Convent school in Darjeeling. before eventually becoming its Principal. Mitter. constitutional agitation "A La Congress". a policy that was to culminate in India's partition in 1947. What would a son do if a demon sat on her mother's breast and started sucking her blood?. He was the first spiritualised Indian political leader. Sample of his early writings: "I say of the Congress that its aims are mistaken. He joined the Baroda State Service from 1897 to early 1906 and taught French and English at the Baroda college.I know I have the strength to deliver this fallen race. a Marathi-English daily from Bombay. 1893 at the age of 20. p. who was not afraid to call for Hinduism's adaptation to the modern world. In the true spirit of a yogi. a saint. who wants him to have a thorough Western education. Thus he began contacting revolutionary groups in Maharashtra and Bengal and tried to co-ordinate their action. Others. p.disciple of Ramakrishna. and a true son of India. he re-enacted the Baghavad Gita's great message: that violence is sometimes necessary.S. if it flows from Dharma -and today's Dharma is the liberation of India. Sri Aurobindo is a brilliant student and passes the I. At Sri Aurobindo's initiative. and their leaders in whom it trusts. and indeed until independence. It was at that time that he started writing a series of articles "New lamps for Old" in the Indu Prakash. 16) In 1905. 55 . was not the right path to achieve an independent India. Sri Aurobindo realised that passive resistance. because of his education and his forceful personality. not the right sort of men to be leaders. I look upon my country as the Mother. (Rebirth of India. it was the work of a few individuals or a sudden outburst of uncontrolled anger and that the famous freedom fighters of the Congress only went jail because they were passive resisters. at least by the one-eyed. hills and rivers. an ardent Hindu. Born on the 15th August 1872 in Calcutta. an avatar.C. that the spirit in which it is proceeding is not a spirit of sincerity and whole-heartedness and that the methods it has chosen are not the right methods. The ideal of Swadeshi. but with the strength of knowledge" (India's Rebirth. That man of course was Sri Aurobindo. This divide-and-rule move was meant to break the back of Bengali political agitation and use the East Bengal Muslim community to drive a wedge between Hindus and Muslims. His father. if not by the blind. But the man who was the true visionary of an independent India. the man who worked most of all for her liberation. the terrible Lord Curzon partitioned Bengal. such as Rabindranath Tagore... the man who was a yogi. Bengal responded to its partition with massive and unanimous protests in which many personalities took part. After 13 years in England Sri Aurobindo returned to India on February 6. It is not physical strength.

the resistance to which will be so strong. it is the Santana Dharma that shall be great. so organised. following a failed assassination attempt on a British judge by a nationalist belonging to his brother's secret society. the Karmayogin. because in this sacred and ancient land it was given as a charge to the Aryan race to preserve through the ages. That which we call the Hindu religion is really the eternal religion.. P. the nationalist movement had nearly collapsed and he set about giving it a fresh impetus.. You are the instruments of God to save the light. When he came out.655) But Sri Aurobindo had to fight against the Congress Moderates (who. Sri Aurobindo joined it and soon became its editor. (India's rebirth. p.When therefore it is said that India shall rise.. Dharma.I say no longer that Santana 56 .. courageous attack". (Bande Mataram. What was true nationalism for Sri Aurobindo? "Nationalism is not a mere political programme. the spirit of soaring idealism. bold creation. then Viceroy of India.. where he speaks of his spiritual experiences in jail: " Something has been shown to you in this year of seclusion. 656) Sri Aurobindo was very clear in what was demanded of a leader of India: "Politics is the work of the Kshatriya and it is the virtues of the Kshatriya we must develop if we are to be morally fit for freedom (India's Rebirth. Day after day. if you are going to assent to this religion of Nationalism. "the most dangerous man we have to deal with at present". saints and avatars.. because the Hindu nation has kept it. launching a new English weekly. I am raising this nation to send forth my word. made no such mistake.. so stupendous. If a religion is not universal. he jotted down his vision and tried to instil fire and courage in the nation through the pages of Bande Mataram. it is this that I have perfected and developed through the rishis.It was at this time that B.. If you are going to be a nationalist. it is the Santana Dharma that shall rise. 22) But if the Moderates dismissed Sri Aurobindo as a "mystic". and now it is going forth to do my work among the nations. 19). Lord Minto. When it is said that India shall be great. a sectarian religion. it must be remembered came out openly for complete independence only in 1929) of whom he said: "There is a certain section of India which regards Nationalism as madness and they say Nationalism will ruin the country.C. p. Thus Sri Aurobindo was arrested on May 2d 1908. calling him. You must remember that you are the instruments of God. Then there will be a blessing on our work and this great nation will rise again and become once more what it was in the days of spiritual greatness. as well as a Bengali weekly. because in this peninsula it grew up in the seclusion of the sea and the Himalayas. with all the strength that human power and authority can give. you must do it in the religious spirit. Nationalism is a creed which you shall have to live. fearless resistance. something about which you had your doubts and it is the truth of the Hindu religion."(Bande Mataram. A narrow religion. Bande Mataram. because it is the universal religion which embraces all others. Or: "What India needs at the moment is the aggressive virtues.. so disciplined. But what is the Hindu religion? It is the Hindu religion only. so well equipped with all the weapons science can supply. a work so gigantic. nationalism is a religion that has come from God. the means of which are so poor.. which proved to be the turning point of his life as he went through the whole gamut of spiritual realisations. It is this religion that I am raising up before the world. Pal launched the famous English daily.. to save the spirit of India from lasting obscuration and abasement. This following is an extract from his famous Uttarpara speech. p. What does the intellect think? Here is a work that you have undertaken. it cannot be eternal. Sri Aurobindo spent a year in jail. They are men who live in the pure intellect and they look at things purely from the intellectual point of view. an exclusive religion can live only for a limited time and limited purpose.

not only to the blackmailing of Jinnah and the fanatical Indian Muslim minority... particularly Lord Mountbatten.1. who wrote a ridiculous and pompous novel depicting the loves between Nehru and Lady Mountbatten. The great Sage passed away on 5 December 1950. Santana Dharma IS nationalism" (India's Rebirth. By that time Sri Aurobindo had the vision that India was free. Nehru has also been made into a myth by foreign writers. the MEANS of liberating India and ultimately the foundation of the future India. Unfortunately. the problem rather. Hinduism. He often used the expression 'continental people'. It may be added that the British had a habit of leaving a total mess when they had to surrender a colony. but also to the British. (Remember Churchill's words on learning about Partition: "At last we had the last word"). maybe because of his innate "gentlemanship" and often succumbed not only to Gandhi's views. p. witness Palestine. 9. true Hinduism was for Sri Aurobindo the basis for India's past greatness. with a few disciples. The problem is not whether they had sex or not together. with an amused and sarcastic manner. 349) It should be added that Nehru was not a fiery leader. an inspiration that he must go to Pondichery." (Histoire de l'Inde p. where there was no class struggle and where the conditions were totally different from 19th century Europe. He wrote all his masterpieces and devoted the remaining of his life to bringing down what he called the "supramental manifestation on the earth". the most famous of all: Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi. whom history has portrayed as the benevolent last Viceroy of India. history has mostly remembered two. He despised non-anglicised Indians and had a very superficial and partial knowledge of India. it was also the essence of nationalism.but that it was India which was cuckolded. or India. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU Nehru. for Nehru was unfaithful to India by letting his 57 . says. "was the perfect replica of a certain type of Englishman. writes Danielou. Sri Aurobindo then received an "Adesh". to designate French or Italians. the number of whom slowly swelled. The problem is not whether Mountbatten was made a cuckold or not .Dharma is for us nationalism. Of these leaders. is that this “affair” only symbolizes the fatal attraction which Nehru had for the White Skin – for Edwina Mountbatten was certainly not a beauty. then under French rule. until it became known as the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. His ideal was the romantic socialism of 19th century Britain. Ireland. but who actually was most instrumental in the partition of India. who is able to woo the masses. the leaders of the Indian National Congress did not have the same vision. sometimes long before they become "fait accompli".46) In mid-February 1910. He settled there. when she has absolutely no qualifications to lead India. with which he sometimes disagreed. such as French Catherine Clement. but was in fact renowned for her nymphomania and inconsequence – an attraction for the White Skin which the Congress perpetuated faithfully and still incarnated today by Sonia Gandhi. for the external events are always preceded by an occult happening. But this type of socialism was totally unfit to India. news reached that the British had again decided to arrest Sri Aurobindo and close down the offices of the Karmayogin. whatever "Freedom at Midnight" a very romanticised book.

even after his death. Does any Congress leader today still weave cotton? And has Gandhi's khadi policy of village handicrafts for India survived him? Nehru was the first to embark upon a massive "Soviet type" heavy industrialisation. even among his own followers believe in the gospel of Charkha? Such a tremendous waste of energy. although it does not really have any relevance to Modern India. who share the same colour and are the majority. his goals. which nobody has yet dared to touch. he was a misfit in India. but continue to survive and weigh down the Indian nation. a man with a tremendous appeal to the people. Gandhi was a European. or whatever you want to call it. is still used shamelessly by all politicians and intellectuals. Karma or fate. an extraordinary human being. although handicrafts in India do have their place.2. The Mahatma did a lot for India. long after their uselessness has been realized. one has to put in perspective his aims. sandwiched between the Whites who prefer them to the Blacks. MAHATMA GANDHI Mahatma Gandhi was indeed a great soul. just for the sake of a few annas is most unreasonable". made a mistake when they sent him down to the land of Bharat. But. neither 58 . nowhere does Gandhi's great Christian morality find more expression than in his attitude towards sex. And today the Indians in South Africa are in a difficult position. But guiltiness is truly a Western prerogative. he dissociated them from their black Africans brothers. To understand Gandhi properly. But what did he achieve for them? Second class citizenship! Worse. "He made Charkha a religious article of faith and excluded all people from Congress membership who would not spin. his ideals were a blend of Christianity raised to an exalted moral standard and a dose of liberalism "à la Tolstoy". they sided with the Moderate Whites led by De Klerk and this was a mistake as Mandela was elected and the Blacks wrested total power in South Africa -and once more we might have an exodus of Indians from a place where they have lived and which they have loved for generations. Nehru did tremendous harm to India by initiating movements and patterns. and the results today. resolutely turning his back on Gandhi's policy. but as we will see in the next chapter and as History will show more and more. to smokescreen their ineffectiveness and to perpetuate their power. but do not accept them fully as their own and the Blacks who often despise them for their superior attitudes. which unquestionably he loved immensely. The patterns and goals he put forward for India. unfortunately. Gandhism. Ultimately. But the question again is: What remains today in India of Gandhi's heritage? Spinning was a joke. wrote Sri Aurobindo in 1938 (India's Reb 207). or God. All his life he felt guilty about having made love to his wife while his father was dying. 9. not only came to naught. There is no doubt that after his bitter experiences with racism in South Africa. One has to start at the beginning.weaknesses influence him in accepting partition and the terms dictated by the British. he took to heart the plight of fellow Indians there. Furthermore. In India sex has (was at least) always been put in its proper place. which not only did vast damage in their times. Then. How many. The Congress has today made an icon out Nehru. For at heart. but sometimes did great harm to a country.

Sri Aurobindo was very clear about HinduMuslim unity: "I am sorry they are making a fetish of Hindu-Muslim unity. Gandhi is synonymous with non-violence.suppressed. But once more. 159) 59 . it must be said that whatever his saintliness. Gandhi loved the Mahabharata. it borders on criminal credulity. Calling Hitler "my beloved brother". vulnerable and desperately needs support. Sri Aurobindo sent a personal letter to the Congress. history might have been changed. India has totally turned its back on Gandhi's policy: today its birth control programme must be the most elaborate in the world -and does not even utilise force (except for a short period during the Emergency). by his obsession to always give in to the Muslims. if it is done for defending one's country. England was weakened. Gandhi did enormous harm to India and this harm has two names: Muslims and Untouchables. Nehru wavered. it would automatically solve the problem. Ultimately. In 1942. fifty years later. Partition and its terrible bloodshed would have been avoided. is more than just innocence. But did he understand that sometimes non-violence does more harm than violence itself? That violence sometimes is "Dharma". the Japanese were at the doors of India. Had it been accepted. Hindu-Muslim unity should not mean the subjection of the Hindus. as in Victorian times. For all the world. urging it to accept. Gandhi also never seemed to have realised the great danger that Nazism represented for humanity. a very Christian notion. as the Chinese have done. A great Asuric wave had risen in Europe and threatened to engulf the world and it had to be fought -with violence. or sisters? Take the Cripps proposals for instance. Gandhi's attitude towards sex was to remain ambivalent all his life. pregnancy and other ignominies? And again." (India's Rebirth.. when in fact we have only shelved it. Otherwise we are lulled into a false sense of satisfaction that we have solved a difficult problem. like in the West today. or one's mother. The best solution would be to allow the Hindus to organise themselves and the Hindu-Muslim unity would take care of itself. Gandhi in the name of non-violence put his foot down and the Cripps proposal was rejected. enjoins all Christians to do the same. his extreme and somehow rigid asceticism. nor brought to its extreme perversion. by his indulgence of Jinnah. And did not Gandhi also advise the Jews to let themselves be butchered?. some day the Hindus may have to fight the Muslims and they must prepare for it. for ultimately nobody more than Gandhi contributed to the partition of India.. But did Gandhi think for a minute how millions of Indian women would be able to persuade their husbands to abstain from sex when they are fertile? And who will suffer abortions. p. while advocating abstinence for India's population control. sleeping with his beautiful nieces "to test his brahmacharya". The British must have rubbed their hands in glee: here was a man who was perfecting their policy of rule-and-divide. It is no use ignoring facts. or oneself. but ultimately. this is a very Christian attitude: John Paul II. a man who murdered 6 million Jews in cold-blood just to prove the purity of his own race. by his obstinate refusal to see that the Muslims always started rioting Hindus only retaliated. going as far as proposing to make him the Prime Minister of India. Every time the mildness of the Hindu has given way. Churchill sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India to propose that if India participated in the war effort. Great Britain would grant her Dominion status (as in Australia or Canada) at the end of the war. But why impose on others what he practised for himself? Again.

of course one of these forceful exaggerations which are common to the Mahatma and impress greatly the mind of his hearers. to Albert Einstein.Gandhi's love of the Harijans.201) Once more Gandhi took the European element in the decrying of the caste system. his heritage is not dead. And ultimately. Hindus and Muslims fighting each other and his ideals of Charhka.S. Gandhi must have died a broken man indeed. However. who don't apply the least bit what Gandhi had taught so ardently. India was destined to be partitioned. but it had also as its base a Christian notion that would have found a truer meaning in Europe. In any case. The history of India's independence movement would be incomplete without mentioning the West's contribution. Glorifying the scavenger as a man of God makes good poetry. Non-violence. to blackmail others in doing his will. India was bled into two. (India's Rebirth. it would need a special moral heroism to choose it voluntarily and he thinks as if the soul freely chose it as such a heroic service to the society and as reward of righteous acts. India never recovered from that trauma and today she is still suffering from its consequences. in three even. in true Christian fashion. a 60 . quite as much as the Brahmin's. no more that it is true that a man is superior because he is born a Brahmin. Gandhi's birth in India was an accident. p. But with Nehru on one side and his westernised concept of India and Gandhi on the other. Thus when the time came. and Muslims took their pound of flesh while leaving. for here. Perhaps the redeeming factor for the Britisher's utter insensitiveness. it is not true that the Bhangi life is superior to the Brahmin life and the reward of special righteousness.but that is hardly likely. but that being disagreeable. but little social meaning. lies in Sister Nivedita's recognising India's greatness and consecrating her life and work not only to India but to its independence. had to combat the Chinese. where there are no castes. what remains of Gandhi's non-violence to day? India has fought three wars with Pakistan. except million of statues and streets and saintly mouthings by politicians. was certainly very touching and sprang from the highest motivations. Assam and Kashmir. from Martin Luther King. He saw India partitioned. has the second biggest army in the world and has to fight counter-insurgency movements in Punjab. In the words of Sri Aurobindo: "the idea that it needs a special "punya" to be born a Bhangi is. the Dalaï-Lama or Attenborough and continue to inspire many others. non-violence and Brahmacharya being flouted by the very men he brought-up as his disciples. A spiritual man of pariah birth is superior in the divine values to an unspiritual and worldlyminded Brahmin. as he called them. it may be asked. who tried to impose upon India a non-violence which was not hers. forgetting the divine element behind. History will judge. The Theosophical Society started in 1875 by Mrs Blavatsky. Birth counts but the basic value is in the soul behind the man and the degree to which it manifests itself in nature". for it survives where it should have been in the first instance: in the West. Yet has anynobody really understood the lessons of history ? P. of which we see the effects only today. only classes. And unfortunately he sowed the seeds of future disorders and of a caste war in India. there is nothing left of him. His ideals have inspired countless great figures. you say? But Gandhi did the greatest violence to his body. even if he thought it was for the greater good. punishing it. to Nelson Mandela. The idea behind is that his function is an indispensable service to society.

61 . and brought to glory by Annie Besant. Its philosophy is founded upon the recognition of Hinduism as one of the highest forms of revelation. Colonel Olcott. the beginning of the reconstruction of the nation".Russian and an American. as Mrs Besant wrote: "The action to pursue is to revitalise ancient India to bring back a renewal of patriotism. Unfortunately. the Theosophical Society got often bogged down in concentrating on the "magical mystical Orient". has also done a great deal to further abroad Hinduism's cause.

even though many of its leaders. Hence the near total exodus of Hindus from Pakistan. who was responsible for the Partition of India? Yes. fleeing poverty. looted it. of Aurangzeb. they can at best be "tolerated" as second-class citizens. chose to stay. disagreed with the principle of partition. humiliated its Hindu leaders.but is it really a Muslim-Hindu question. 62 . nothing has changed: the sword of Allah is still as much ready to strike the Kafirs.and indulged in terrible massacres. of Muhammed Ghasi. And this exodus has not ended: they still come by the lakhs every year from Bangladesh (it is estimated that there are today twelve million illegal Bangladeshis in India). or just plainly a Muslim obsession. diminished. this is why Holocausts should never be forgotten. For the Jinnah’s. including Nehru.CHAPTER 10 : 1947: INDEPENDENCE India was free. partitioned India the true Bharat of old. the idolaters of many Gods. the Muslims took revenge on the Hindus -once more. a Third Column. and a few moderate Muslims. we the adorers of the one and only true God . this hate. the British used to the hilt the existing divide between Hindus and Muslims. Partition triggered one of the most terrible exodus in the history of humanity. the Congress was weak. Thus there is no place for idolaters in this country. the avatars. which did tremendous harm to India and encouraged Jinnah to harden his demands. True. the Zia ul-Hacq’s and today the Mushraraf’s are only the vehicles. one has to go back to the roots. The Muslims invaded this country. the instruments. But at what price! Was this the independence that so many nationalists had fought for and for which they had lost their lives? Was this truncated. of the true faith. whereas more than half the Muslim population in India. Yes. One has to travel back in history to get a clear overall picture. But ultimately. So how could they accept on 15th August 1947 to share power on an equal basis with those who were their slaves for thirteen centuries? "Either the sole power for ourselves. it accepted what was forced down its throat by Jinnah and Mountbatten. killed its Brahmins. razed its temples. They took up again the work left unfinished by the last Mughal two centuries earlier: 'Dar-ul-Islam'. whose mighty borders once extended from Cape Comorin to Afghanistan? Moreover. This is why memory is essential. flooding India with problems. converted its weaker sections. which were followed by retaliations from Sikhs and hard core Hindus. In passing. conquered it. social and militant body. when the country has already so many of her own. to the beginning of it all. the latest reincarnations of the medieval Muslims coming down to rape and loot and plunder the land of Bharat. and our rule over the Hindus as it is our sovereign right. is as old as the first invasion of India by the original Arabs in 650. their contempt for this polytheist religion? This obsession. It was also Gandhi's policy of non-violence and gratifying the fanatical Muslim minority. in the hope that it would see the light. Some even say that they bring with them more fundamentalism. which one day could organise itself in a political. They are the true sons of Mahmud Ghaznavi.Or we quit India and found our own nation. a Muslim nation. knowing full well that they would get the freedom to be and to practice their own religion. their hatred of the Hindu pagans. the ultimate horror. After independence. the House of Islam. where we will live amongst ourselves". in order to understand Partition. it was all done in the name of Allah and many of its chiefs were sincere in thinking they were doing their duty by hunting down the Infidel. The Hindu-Muslim question is an old one . this great nation of Pakistan.

. a great mistake.. the majority of Indian Muslims were unconcerned: "The idea of two nationalities in India is only a new-fanged notion invented by Jinnah for his purposes and contrary to the facts." (Histoire de l'Inde. only a fissured and broken freedom. the historical centre of her civilisation. For if it lasts. That must not be.For without it the destiny of India might be seriously impaired and frustrated.. It is to be hoped that the Congress and the Nation will not accept the settled fact as for ever settled. It is true they gave some of these things a new turn. THAT IS THE OLD SPIRIT. surrendered once more to Muslim fanaticism the cradle of Hindu civilisation .189 India's Reb).. His answer to a disciple on October 7. (India's Rebirth. the division of India was a monstrosity: " India is free. Its political institutions were always semi-barbaric. A. India may be seriously weakened. I do not think it has done anything more in India of cultural value. but they have not created much.. At a time when the Muslim invaders seemed to have lost some of their extremism and were ready to assimilate themselves to other populations of India. "It added. 1940 is very illustrative of the point:" Q. p. p. (India's Rebirth. p." (Message of Sri Aurobindo on the 15th of August 1947)... Sri Aurobindo thought that although the old spirit of the real warriors of Islam. to the Middle East an unstable state (Pakistan) and burdened India which already had serious problems". And he adds: "India whose ancient borders stretched until Afghanistan. he says. Their philosophy and their religion are very simple and what they call Sufism is largely the result of Gnostics who lived in Persia and it is the logical outcome of that school of thought largely touched by the Vedanta. Islamic culture contributed the Indo-Saracenic architecture to Indian culture. But why is it expected that Muslims will be so accommodating?" Nevertheless.For Danielou. But now that our national consciousness is more developed. but she has not achieved unity. there is more chance of unity if the British don't bolster up Jinnah and his Muslim claims. It gave some new forms to art and poetry.. How could Partition have been avoided? Sri Aurobindo had advocated firmness: "As for the Hindu-Muslim affair.. possible even a new invasion and foreign conquest. before returning home. What has created the Hindu-Moslem split was not Swadeshi. the division of India was on the human level as well as on the political one. 189).. I saw no reason why the greatness of India's past or her spirituality should be thrown into the waste paper basket in order to conciliate the Moslems who would not be conciliated at all by such a policy. 237) Sri Aurobindo also sought to dispel the widespread notion that the Muslims brought so much to India: "The Islamic culture hardly gave anything to the world which may be said of fundamental importance and typically its own Islamic culture was mainly borrowed from the others. but the acceptance of a communal principle by the Congress". Jinnah is himself a descendant of a Hindu named Jinahbahai. the European conquerors.. was still present. or as anything more than a temporary expedient. Sri Aurobindo had long seen through the British and Jinnah's games and had warned the nation as early as the beginning of the century. More than 90% of the Indian Muslims are descendants of converted Hindus and belong as much to the Indian nation as the Hindu themselves. History was going to show the accuracy of Sri 63 . civil strife may remain always possible. (p..The whole communal division into Hindu and Muslim seems to have hardened into the figure of a permanent political division of the country. Their mathematics and astronomy and other subjects were derived from India and Greece.355) For Sri Aurobindo also. The partition of the country must go. Does Jinnah want unity?. even crippled.What he wants is independence for Muslims and if possible rule over India. the Muslim invaders. lost with the country of seven rivers (the Indus Valley).

Hindu religious and social institutions. democracy. p. it had room for everything and every interest. For not only the Greatness that WAS India was ignored. proved to be disastrous and the partition of India was a blow from which the nation has not yet recovered. there is the other calamity of modern India: namely that under Nehru's leadership. to reconsider the value of what they had learnt. one made sure that there would never be a greatness that IS India. But what did Nehru and the Congress proceed to do with this new India? Writes Danielou: "The Hindus who had mostly supported the Congress in its fight for independence. the sky was the limit and a new glory was awaiting the land of Bharat. social. but not in any of the forms now current. and bureaucratic. although it was full of great and noble intentions. although a truncated tryst. "At India's independence. Their socialism. only the colour of the skin of the new rulers. on January 5 1920 (India's Reb 143). "The communistic principle of society is intrinsically as superior to the individualistic as is brotherhood to jealousy and mutual slaughter.. entirely killed the soul of India and damaged for ever its Dharma. as Sri Aurobindo observed in 1914. however great it may be an improvement upon the past. But nothing doing. Nehru opted for what Danielou calls "romantic socialism". a tyranny and a prison. Sri Aurobindo also felt : "The old Indian system grew out of life. This was written. social and political and adapted blindly and completely the British system. having a spirit of her own and a governing temperament proper to her own civilisation.and it was exactly what happened. it is hoped. But if Nehru and the Congress leaders had not been so anglicised and had known a little more of the exalted past of their country. Democracy was then the new name of the game for India. which form the basis of Indian civilisation. Nehru got his 'tryst with destiny'. constitutional. India is now trying to imitate the West. who were most of the time lower ranks officials of the old regime". but all the practical schemes of Socialism invented in Europe are a yoke. but this is precisely what she will be obliged to do if she has to start on the road in her present chaotic and unprepared condition of mind". Parliamentary government is not suited to India.. every interest was represented in the government." Socialism certainly has its values. I hold that India. India was free and everything was anew. All right. Writes Danielou: "But this socialism was empty of meaning. aristocracy. Was socialism best suited for India? It was maybe a matter for the best in the worst.Aurobindo's predictions: the Congress' obstinate pandering to Jinnah and his terms. on top of the Partition tragedy. and I am not altogether in love with the European kind. mind you. judicial. created great evils in India. political."(India's Reb 99). should in politics as in everything else. to forestall a complete take-over by communism.(*) which would have. the minority formed by the Congress leaders was too anglicised. such as the ancient panchayat system (which Rajiv Gandhi would attempt to revive later). But Sri Aurobindo had very clear ideas on "western democracy: "I believe in something which might be called social democracy. They thought that once independence was acquired. (Histoire de l'Inde. but unconsciously. Few things changed in Indian administration. for there existed no class struggle in India. 348) And indeed. There were monarchy. as in China. the Congress would revise its policies and would re-establish proper respect towards Sanskrit culture. While in Europe the Western system grew out of the mind: they are led by reason and want to make everything cut and dried without any chance for freedom or variation. it chose to turn its back on most of its ancient institutions. nor 64 . they would have opted for a more indianised system of socialism. strike out her original path and not stumble in the wake of Europe. had thought that the modernist ideology of an Anglo-Saxon inspiration of its leaders was only a political weapon destined to justify independence in the eyes of Westerners.

whose culture has been preserved much more than in North Indian states. Do the Chinese show any gratitude? Not at all! They are still claiming Indian territory. But in order not to offend the Chinese. The lands of the zamindars were distributed to the poor peasants. as the Dalai-lama has proposed in the European Parliament of Strasbourg. when he should have known that China could not be trusted. 349) One of the worst legacies of Nehru and the Congress is political. a resentment against the Centre. The controls established by a an incapable and corrupted bureaucracy. forced all capitalist to flee the country. if only because it was a system established by the British who wanted to centralise and control everything from the top. In turn. such as massive state industries. if denuclearised and demilitarised. But how do you give so much power to an insensitive babu. More than that. it triggered in certain states such as Tamil Nadu. there has been no 65 . And why for that matter should the Centre impose anything on the States. Nehru and all the successive Prime Ministers. India became a state owned country which produced substandard quality goods. and the heavy custom duties. mills and mega dams. but also by stopping the Dalai lama from any political activity in India. in Kashmir.social conditions similar to those in Europe. which was a terrible mistake. and fostered a seed of separatism. The prohibition to export profits as well as the excessive taxes. the incredible taxes slapped on capital. big steel.OOO square kilometres of her territory. and farmers depending 100% on the loan shark. when the Indian occupation of Kashmir was equalled with the Chinese occupation of Tibet. have already proved a failure in the West. not only by not helping them to regain their independence. without any institution of agricultural financing." (Histoire de l'Inde p. the confiscations. And why should the Centre try to impose Hindi on all Southern states? Hindi is a language which is spoken only by a few Northern states. particularly the beautiful Arunachal Pradesh and have used the Tibetan plateau to point their nuclear missiles at North Indian cities (exactly 90 IRBM -US Senate Foreign Committee report). they were the masters. (maybe because it was more sheltered from Muslim incursions by the Deccan plateau). This created a land of babus and bred corruption. which they have not yet vacated.2 million Tibetans and wiped out in 45 years a wonderful 2000 year old civilisation. the dictatorial exchange controls. who was trying to impose Hindi on them. Nehru centralised all the power at the Centre. who earns only a few thousand rupees a month? Hence corruption and bureaucracy flourished together in India under Nehru. got completely ruined and agricultural production went into a slump. India could never see that Tibet was the ideal buffer between her and China. however deficient. the ruin of private property. Nehru was generous enough to offer India's hospitality to the Dalai lama and his followers when they fled the Chinese occupation of their sovereign country in 1959. as it did recently. let down Tibet. Nehru's foreign policy was often misguided. humiliated the Indian army and took away 20. except in vital matters such as Security and External Affairs? Nehru also initiated the entire bureaucratisation of India. On the other hand. Like the British. yet Nehru and his successors all went for it. plunged India in a terrible misery. for instance. The Soviet-type industrialisation. The Chinese killed 1. they made their riches out of plundering the country and had no need to be corrupt. It was all right when the English were there. And India's betrayal of Tibet will come back to haunt her. He made the mistake of applying to the letter his famous "Hindi chini bhai-bhai" slogan. And indeed the Chinese attacked India treacherously in 1962. The only merit it had was to shelter her from a take-over by multinationals and allow her to develop her own products. the states were formed in an arbitrary manner and very little political autonomy was left to them. Nothing exemplifies this better than his attitude vis a vis Red China.

one feels like taking a gun and doing one's own justice. transformed and adapted to her psychology. but isn't it a carbon copy of the British one. Today even. on European jurisprudence. whether in Stalin's Russia. a flurry of problems. the incredible backlog of pending cases. and when freedom came. Nehru was part of India's soul. only war casualties and India is fighting to retain what has been hers for 5000 years. He fought for her independence with all his heart. most of the intellectuals. such as the famous JNU in Delhi. Jawaharlal had a great sympathy for communism (*). marrying their daughters for lakhs of rupees in the five star hotels in Delhi -and the very poor. We have all been duped by communism. Hindu-bashing became a popular pastime under Nehru's rule. which are totally unfit for India. that the Bengalis are too great a race for completely being bowled over by a thoroughly materialistic ideology. But once again this is not the way for India. What is the future of communism in India? Like the rest. such as the one practised in Bengal. but whose practise was taken over by Asuric forces. who did not belong any more to Hindu society. And he must have felt gratified to see his beloved country through the first stages of her recovery from the yoke of colonialism. Indians are so proud of their judicial system. In education. Or maybe will it disappear altogether from the land of Bharat. journalists and many of India's elite have been influenced by that school of thinking and regularly ape its theories. (*) One does not want to dwell too much on communism in India. however misconceived they might have been. or the overcrowding of jails? Again. On the other. or in Maoist China. Finally. it may be absorbed back in her psyche. who can barely eat one meal a day. which in turn bred a lot of distinguished "Hindu-hating scholars" like the venomous Romila Thapar. Nehru carried on with the British policy of imposing a westernised English system: more and more the universities and schools of India. but only to a fake bureaucratic society with westernised manners. for she has another wisdom waiting to be used again to solve all her problems without violence. Nehru encouraged Marxist think-tanks. 66 . although in its defence it must be said that on the one hand it is an Indian brand of communism. produced a generation of English speaking diploma holders. as the influence of Hinduism was able to soften it.genocide. as long as it recognises the central Dharma of India. he applied to India the ideals he knew best. Once more. whether it is the political interference in the naming of judges. He was lucky enough to be in office while India went through a relatively peaceful period of her post-independence history. many of them run by Christians missions. But ultimately. with the amazing gap between the incredibly rich with black money. who is an adept at negating Muslim atrocities and running to the ground the greatness of Hinduism and its institutions. except for the first war with Pakistan and the China invasion. the Indian judiciary relies for his judgements on western values. Naxalism also had its meaning: when one sees the injustice going on in India. whatever his faults. meaning the Hindus. with as a consequence. it is proud of its « secular » values and often comes down heavily on the fanatical bigots. for even communism can find its place. whose ideal is so appealing in this world of inequalities. like many men of his generation and indeed of the generations thereafter till the early 7O's.

suspicious of the constant sycophantic atmosphere around her and slowly lost her sense of reality. and where they might ultimately go back. or rather displayed an aggressive spirit of defence. "The Sikh Khalsa. bitter about losing her beloved son Sanjay. Sikhism was on the defensive. like Zoroastrianism of the Parsi community. has two famous names: Indira and Rajiv Gandhi. no matter his or her personal faults. the incredible beauty of the Golden Temple and its wonderful atmosphere. the Sikhs. adopting hawkish habits. And they also retained some of the more negative sides of Islam: intolerance. 1. Why? As Sri Aurobindo points out. or feeling of persecution. And thus hampered and deficient it began and ended with narrow local limits. no matter if he or she is a fraud or half a fraud. p. but it could not create between the spirit and the external life the transmitting medium of a rich creative thought and culture. is very much alive and remains the Dharma. Thus she may have become more and more isolated. often elected with thumping majorities. the daughter and great grandson. Punjab and the Sikh problem was her undoing. achieved intensity but no power of expansion. India was governed either by Congress Governments. or by minority governments supported from outside by the Congress (such as L. which is to worship anybody they feel has an aura about him. even in time of peace. it poisoned the last years of her reign and finally killed her in the most frightful manner. whatever the loveliness of Sikh rites. it was a premature drive towards an entrance into the third or spiritual stage of human society. who mostly hated her? Certainly. And today. its profound spiritual being. it may be this unconscious realisation by the Sikhs that their religion is 67 .. became a militant religion. Sikhism was a wonderful attempt at synthesising Islam and Hinduism. may be a stagnating religion -whereas Hinduism from which Sikhism sprang in greater part. the source of all religions in India. 20 years of nearly uninterrupted power probably does breed despotism in anybody. Sikhism. with one person at the top wielding absolute power. it faltered. because they had to defend themselves against the terrible persecutions by the Muslims. 11. was an astonishingly original and novel creation and its face was turned not to the past but to the future. rural India than her father and ultimately she must have loved India in her own way. the way the Congress functions. or her.CHAPTER 11 : INDIA TODAY From 1947 to 1998. 380) Unfortunately." (Foundations of Indian Culture.K Gujral’s). The history of the Congress post-Nehru. with its totally centralised pyramid-like system. Wonderful religion that of Sikkism: the only true attempt ever to synthesise Hinduism and Islam . but because the conditions were not right. During Indira Gandhi's and her son Rajiv’s tenures. And ultimately Indira was also a victim of that extraordinary 'bhakti' tendency of Indian people. its first attempt to combine the deepest elements of Islam and Vedanta. But can she be fully blamed for it? It was also the infrastructure. which they kept. Was she as bad and evil as she was made out to be by the Indian Press.. writes Sri Aurobindo.and who knows what would have happened if it had succeeded. INDIRA GANDHI A lot of nasty things have been said about Indira Gandhi.from which they anyway came. she had a better understanding of the deeper. Apart and singular in its theocratic head and democratic soul and structure. thus cutting themselves from the mainstream spirit of Hindu tolerance and width.

These Basque militants would not have lasted three days in Notre Dame. women and children barricaded up in Waco. Remember also what happened to the 350 militants who took over the Kaba in Mecca in 1989? Most of them were killed when the Saudi government sent its special forces against what is the most sacred place of worship in the world to all Muslims. another Bhrindhrawale would have sprung-up. which triggers intermittently their militancy and fundamentalism.did give her blood and her life for the country she loved in her own way. be holed up in the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. a desperate attempt to regain Sikh identity in the face of the all pervasive and subtle Hindu onslaught. what is fundamentalism. or even Indira Gandhi be credited with having of FABRICATED Sikh separatism? Mrs Gandhi was also accused of having 'created' Bhrindhrawale and made thus responsible for the whole Punjab problem. Finally. if he had not been there. No democratic government in Europe or any Arab state would have allowed such a situation to continue. that Bhrindhrawale and his followers were allowed to hole-up for so long in the Golden Temple.being slowly absorbed back into Hinduism. and receiving journalists. is a curse to any race that condones it. he was just an embodiment of Sikh militancy and frustration. financed and armed by Pakistan. That is all what separatism is.as she had predicted a few days before her assassination. the foundations ? And Sikhism strove best when it was militant. Mrs Gandhi took the correct decision. It was unfortunate that the Golden Temple got damaged and so many were killed during the assault. for instance. But think of it this way: would the French Government have tolerated that for months. Sikhs and many other Indians have not forgiven Mrs Gandhi for giving the order of storming the Golden Temple. History will judge. killing so many innocents. It was not her fault that the Sikhs allowed their most sacred place to become the shelter of men armed with weapons and with death in their hearts. symbolised how this country reveres women in all their roles. although they often are discriminated against. issuing deaths warrants against politicians. but Bhrindhrawale's fanaticism and violence was his own. even though she had been told earlier to have all Sikhs removed from her personal security. the army would have been called . when it fought the Muslims. whatever her faults. with or without Mrs Gandhi's help. And after all. And ultimately. thus unconsciously. Indira Gandhi . 68 .and although great care would have been taken that no harm be done to the wonderful 1000 year old church. men she had trusted. She embodied the best of Mahakali. as Bhrindhrawale did? Certainly not. including the darker side of the Goddess. certainly did not help. It is a credit to Indira Gandhi and the inherent Indian tolerance. her presence at the top for nearly 20 years. But can the British. and nobody in the world found anything to say. but going back to the fundamentals. the holiest of all Christian shrines. That's bad enough. To kill a woman lying on the ground with bullets. with their weapons. it would have been a fight to the finish. she may have helped politically Bhrindhrawale and thought of using him later to counterbalance her opponents in Punjab. It is shameful that many Sikhs rejoiced when she was murdered in such a terrible way by her own Sikh bodyguards. but as the Head of Government. This is going to extremes. The fact that the British had planted that seed of separatism and that later it was fuelled. Basque separatists. Texas. or Pakistan. More than anything else. to that glorious epoch to regain their identity. And what about the men. with only a few guns: the FBI went in with flame throwers and armoured cars. the separatists of the late seventies and beginning of eighties went back to that crease.

that teaches non-violence and brotherhood. Buddhism. he had to fight the Congress system. although some say that they came from Gujurat. Rajiv showed in his early years of power a measure of goodwill and a sincere aspiration to transform the Indian system. his undoing was Sri Lanka and the Tamil separatist factor there. And this decisive factor bears the names of two of the world greatest religions: Buddhism and Hinduism. were certainly more in tune with the old Congress policy of flattering the Indian Muslim community. And throughout the ages. hobby around and live a quiet life with Sonya and their two children.which could fill one's heart with hatred and ideas of vengeance. India and Sri Lanka were linked by a small strip of land. RAJIV Rajiv Gandhi was typical of a certain breed of westernised Indians. The first one. If his mother's downfall and ultimate death was due to the Sikh separatist problem. which can still be seen today from the air: Adam's Bridge. peaceful creed. that like Don Quichote battling the windmills. For everything in his upbringing was pro-Western . sycophancy and bureaucracy. Let’s hope it stays that way. totally ignorant about their own country. until Rajiv sent the IKPF in 1988. as in the pre-independence Kalhifat movement. SRI LANKA There seems to be little doubt that once upon a time. those who settled in the North. disappeared from Punjab and the Sikh community.3. others from Bengal. yet full of goodwill. content to be a pilot. under one form or the other. they facilitated the creation of Pakistan and handed to Sri Lanka its freedom. whose majority love their country and are hardworking. And two. But when they left in 47.and Israel certainly was no enemy of his.and what a horrible way to lose one's mother. although they differ in religion (but the same can be said within India).2. But fate and his mother's distrust for everybody but her own sons. 11. good-natured people. is a gentle. not that long ago. His ill-advised judgement in the Shah Bano case or his pandering to Palestine. 11. decided otherwise. It must be said to his defence that he was never interested in power. Ceylon was under the influence of India. And this is how the first Tamils. He must have also secretly agreed with the Supreme Court judgement in the Shah Bano case. is at peace again. Thus it can be established beyond doubt that Sri Lanka and India are one ethnically. as Tamils and Sinhalese were left to war with each other. except for a last handful of die-hards. 69 . And India and Sri Lanka seemed to part way for ever. One has to go back a long time to understand what decisive factors shaped the psyche of the island's two communities. That is why. than his own opinions. separatism has. There is also no doubt -and the Sinhalese recognise it. its corruption.that they ( the Sinhalese) are originally Indians. in their desire to see that India never dominates too heavily the subcontinent. when the British conquered it in the late 18th century. It must also be said that the man (and his wife and children) demonstrated great poise and dignity at his mother's assassination.Today. he applied to his effort misconceived ideas about what India should be. they chose to attach it to their Indian empire. came to Sri Lanka (are they the first inhabitants of Sri Lanka and not the Sinhalese? This is another question!). In the end he gave-up this unequal battle and had to fall back on advice from the old guard. But there were two problems: one was that being totally cut off from the Hindu reality of his country.

from Portuguese to Dutch and finally. the Sinhalese are by nature a fun-loving. their racial purity and their culture. Thus they preserved their identity. Hinduism with its strict caste hierarchy. since independence. This was quickly noticed by the British. the LTTE finally emerged as the most ruthless and sole militant organisation. which in the old times forbade too much contact with outsiders. As a result. Tamils have often been better at studies and more hard. who often gave Tamils preference for jobs and university grants. thus angering the Sinhalese. In the name of Buddhism and because. soft spoken university students. As a result. has always been too tempting a prey for sea-faring invaders. he quickly had to backtrack under Sinhalese resentment. which was always more fertile than the arid North. with their African-curled hair. And indeed. particularly sexual contact with foreigners. It is this deep-rooted resentment of the Sinhalese towards the Tamil community which is in greater part the cause of the present troubles. too much became too much and Tamil armed groups started springing up to defend their people. is a sense of hopelessness and a terrible violence. protected Sri Lankan Tamils from mingling with their invaders. to the point that when the British came. When the British left. Rajiv stepped in to mediate between the warring Sinhalese and Tamils. Yet. To cut short a long story. preyed on the tiny. they collaborated wholehearted with them and had to be handed back their independence on a platter. the Sinhalese slowly lost their sense of identity. Sinhalese politicians must have been some of the least farsighted of the entire subcontinent: nothing is made in Sri Lanka. For those who remember the Tamil Tigers in their early years: young. Those who vent these accusations have no knowledge of Sri Lankan history : 1) the problem goes back to 2000 years of strife. And every time a Sinhalese politician tried to give the Tamils their just share of power. And in reality. but these are unfair (as unfair as accusing Mrs Gandhi of creating the Sri Lankan imbroglio by arming and sheltering the Tamil separatist groups in Tamil Nadu's coastal area. the Tamils bore the brunt of Sinhalese persecution. On the other hand. successive colonisers. their feeling of being a collective being. there was no doubt that they had started with a genuine aspiration to secure their just rights. eliminating ruthlessly all what they think stands in the way of their freedom. for want of a real freedom movement. 2) The Tamils were at that time genuinely persecuted and faced pogroms. defenceless island. not only did they hardly resist these invasions.working. gentle people. from Arabs to Africans. Unfortunately. Ceylon. sometimes servile attitude towards Westerners. For years. Today. But one day. But violence breeds its own violence and today the Tigers have lost all sense of measure and restraint. many of their women.even to enemies. (although one should not generalise). but often. mingled freely with the foreign intruders. who after all were the majority community. Sinhalese live an easier life in the South. British. tourism and Western grants help the country survive. Short of India intervening militarily. often called the "isle of beauty". The result can clearly be seen today on the faces of many Sinhalese women folk. in 1988. it made sense 70 . bright. democracy and western institutions are just a flimsy cloak that the Sinhalese wear. everything has to be imported and only tea. Lurking underneath the pleasant. the Sinhalese quickly moved in to correct what they saw as an unbalance: they set on depriving the Tamils of most of the rights they had acquired under the British and proceeded to establish a Sinhalese-dominated Ceylon. All kind of insulting epithets have been thrown onto the Jeyawardene-Rajiv Gandhi peace plan and the IPKF's role in Sri Lanka. or Arabic features.

indispensable if this country wants to become a 21st century superpower. The Rajiv Gandhi peace plan was the best attempt that could be made in the circumstances. But that is another matter. What should be New Delhi's reaction in case of a Sri Lankan partition? Can India remain unaffected by whatever is going to happen in Sri Lanka? There are 55 millions Indian Tamils in Tamil Nadu. It has been shown already that instability in Sri Lanka breeds instability in Tamil Nadu. Certainly. it is hoped that history will remember Rajiv with indulgence and affection. It might take some time. which India cannot ignore. another parting gift from dear Britannia). Today. And how long can tourism. was also a direct consequence of the Sri Lankan problem. and ultimately it had to leave because of pressure at home and Mr Premadasa's intense dislike of Indians. as indeed he was sure to. the island will remain a hotbed of uncertainty. And ultimately. including journalists. who already shows something of her grandmother's imperiousness and charm. the island's other source of revenue.and the IPKF did not come to conquer and colonise. If he had come back to power. he also gave his life for India and his terrible death shocked millions of us that fateful night in Sriperambadur. but ultimately. Like his mother. the Nehru dynasty did not end-up with him : Sonia took-up the mantle and there is always Priyanka. which may be partly justified by the terrible assassination of her friend Rajiv. he would have pressurised the Sinhalese to grant the Tamils a semi-autonomous region in the North-East). to scare away Sri Lanka’s main source of revenues. Tamils have actually come one step nearer to freedom. (whose forefathers were "imported" from India by the British. with the north-east portion for the Tamils. because it wants total and unequivocal freedom and it saw India's move as thwarting it (that is the main reason for their murdering Rajiv Gandhi. He was a gentleman and one always courteous with everybody.to arm the Tamils so that they could defend themselves. be promoted in the midst of strife? The LTTE have chosen for the moment to leave the tourists alone. That the LTTE betrayed the hand that had fed it. even if he got trapped in the Bofor’s story (*) and India’s spiritual genius had completely eluded him. Mrs Jayalalitha's autocratic ways. India's thus got bogged down in a guerrilla war it did not want to fight. his daughter. And this raises the question of India's security. some Sinhalese leader will have to come to the conclusion that Sri Lanka's economy cannot be bled any more by this senseless war. Unfortunately. 71 . a potential time bomb in South Asia. But it would be enough that they kill a few. when she was in power. who up to now have kept away from the conflict. Apart from his goodwill. to solve the ethnic war and ensure the region's stability . with one hand tied behind the back to avoid killing civilians. he must be credited with having started the economic liberalisation of India. join hand with their North-East brothers? It would be the end of Sri Lanka. But even if the partition of Sri Lanka in two is granted by the Sinhalese. are a direct result of Sri Lanka's strife. This frightful cold-blooded murder of Rajiv Gandhi. but to help. What happens if one day the island's one million Tamil tea planters. The partition of Sri Lanka may be considered a "fait accompli". her godlike worship by her party men and her paranoia for security.

seems to have divided the country so much. even at the cost of splitting the country on caste lines. With him would come Mulayam Singh. V. but could India really have afforded to stay out of GAAT (today’s WTO)? The arguments advanced against the Uruguay round might have been valid: it is true that India had its back to the wall. as the GAAT agreements. went India's principal political ally and main economic partner. V. even if the impetus is given by the West ? The answer is NO. deciding everything. keeping everything to himself. that he withdrew Rajiv's special security. The man was chosen by the Congress elders. he outsmarted everybody! Was he then a man of indecisiveness. To achieve his lifetime aspiration of becoming Prime Minister. With the crumbling of the Soviet Union.11. It is also true that it is a form of economic neo-colonialism and that once again. can India afford to be left out of such a stupendous effort at globalisation of trade. particularly the Communists. The first and most simple one. even if this time the gun is held by businessmen. history will remember him as the man who really opened up India's economy.P. lamented at that time about "the shameful surrender to the capitalistic forces of the West". and Kanshi Ram. he did not hesitate to betray his own leader. of which V. who had the foresight to name a non-politician. Here was a man of talent. Singh was only one of the instruments. It should be remembered too.P. without whom nothing is done ? Certainly. but in the end. Not only India might be boycotted by the industrialised nations and suffer. through whom everything goes. when he knew very well that the man was on the hit list of not only the Sikh militants but also of the Tamil separatists. The heavy borrowing from the IMF and the United States' intense political pressure. Singh also did immense harm to India. both economic and on Human Rights in Kashmir. Who will ever be able to forget the Newstrack images of V. Did Rao have any choice when he signed the Uruguay accords? Probably not. who rose by a twist of fate to become Prime Minister of India. Manmohan Singh. A soft spoken. cultured man.P. the better. probably did not leave much leeway to the PM. certainly. because they thought he could be easily manoeuvred. Nothing. Laloo Prasad. who would also use the caste factor to divide India and achieve their political ambitions. as he has often been portrayed? Or was he the clever manipulator. is that everybody is in it and it would make no sense for India to stay out and thus miss the benefits it might entail. Narashima Rao is an enigma. just as he was getting ready to retire with his books and family. although its leaders pretended that they signed it under their free will.P. THE NARASHIMA RAO YEARS The less we talk about Rajiv’Gandhi”s successor. Opposition parties. It is even truer that its terms were mostly dictated by the industrialised nations to suit their own needs and to open markets which have been hitherto closed to them. but of an immense ambition under the guise of a Gandhian cloak. His implementation of the Mandal Report. for three reasons. but smaller and less relevant countries than her might profit 72 . But once more. Singh's police shooting on students? There was an asuric force at work. His own conscience will be judge for that act. except Ayodhya. Rajiv Gandhi. was only a move at assuring his reelection.4. who quietly waited for his hour? The politician who symbolised best the Congress' totally centralised power: one man at the top. Singh. it is the poor nations which are at the receiving end. as the finance Minister who signed the GAAT agreements. Economics is the bright side of his tenure.

it was bought cheaply in the late fifties by Hindustan Motors. cars who race in rallies in the harshest conditions for hours at full speed and still survive. The same can be said of Bajaj. But why don't they make instead a comparison with Indian standards of living. did once symbolise a wonderful ideal: that of a sharing the earth's wealth with everybody. Indian industrialists shamelessly took advantage for 50 years of India's closed doors policies. as well as Communism. But in reality. that is 3000 rupees. man's greed. Their managing directors want us to believe that these are still "cheap prices" compared to international rates. clumsiest and slowest cars ever built on this earth. his natural tendency to pervert whatever comes in his hand. There can be no better example of this syndrome. often producing the most substandard quality products. although things have improved since a few years. substitutes). But the reality turned out to be quite different from what he had envisioned. But these scooters were seen in the fifties on the Italian roads and today's European scooters have nothing to do with what Bajaj also advertises as the "latest in technology" No survey of the private enterprises can be complete without a word about the top of the range: the five star hotels. poor people. a nation of monstrous inequalities and with its majority of uneducated. where a labourer sometimes earn 20 rupees a day. But as long as there is no substitute for the Ambassador (you cannot really call the Maruti. whose facilities are as excellent as Indian 5 star palaces. It should be enough to mention two of their white elephants: banks and airlines. Hindustan Motors will still be able to pitch that most unfortunate car. who sold – and still sells millions of outdated. It gave birth to colossal projects. than India's famed Ambassador "the sturdiest car made for Indian roads" which is still very much in evidence in the first years of the Third Milenium. And more than anything. that of equality -nobody is richer or higher than the other. 73 . has its tentacles everywhere and bogs down in paper work and pettiness whatever lofty ideas emanate from the top. How much does the President of India earn by the way? What these Taj. such as the big dams. cars most unsuited for Indian roads. which they peddled as the latest technology and sold at outrageous prices. his Asuric thirst for power. The Ambassador must be one of the heaviest.from the accords and overtake India. scooters to gullible Indians. It spawned an octopus-like bureaucracy. Socialism. Nowadays you cannot get a single room in a five star hotel in any of the metropolitan cities for less than 6000 rupees. or the Cielo. The public sector is no better. The second reason is that India has got to get rid of the leftovers of 50 years of socialist policies. yet today it is still advertises itself as "the latest in technology" and is sold at an exorbitant price what it is worth (although the sales have recently dramatically dipped) ! But there are hundreds of brands of foreign made cars today which are a hundred times more robust than the Ambassador. have made a sham of Communism in general and Socialism in particular. is that In Europe and the United States you can find very good 3 star hotels. which then would have to put double efforts to catch up with the rest of the world. a middle class bureaucrat 5000 rupees and even a top executive will not earn more in a month than five nights' stay in a five star hotel. Oberoi and others do not say. it is said. which have already proved a failure in the West.Many banks in India are so hopelessly obsolete. Nehru probably thought that Socialism was best adapted for India. Certainly in France you can get a room in a very decent semi-luxury hotel for 500 francs. which still. but which India is still trying to push forward. for half their price. It triggered a tremendous parallel market of black money -one third of the economy.

who will benefit from it. the so-called Tigers of Asia. Something there has to change too. as some say 74 . weekend fares. China and soon. both in hotels and airlines. But if India is going to succeed in her liberalisation drive. but will send back the cheque. Thus it may be that the WTO agreements have been formulated in the West as a last resort measure to save its imperialism and to preserve its ranking as the domineer of the world. but honoured guests to be treated courteously ! The third reason is less obvious. Take the State Bank of India Auroville International Township Branch.and the great majority of the poor. such as India.. and at one point. They conveniently forget to say is that in the West. that symbol of Indian socialist banking. or even corruption. whether in the private or the public sector. which lasts only 5 hours. which is only 7 kms away from Auroville. Yet after fifteen years. in the end the GAAT accords are going to turn to her advantage.. some of its economies are in a bad shape. but India should take it in consideration. And what about the shameful practice of having one fare for Indians and one fare for foreigners. richer . by saying that theirs are still cheap fares. Hong-Kong. because it takes days to clear them and substantial amounts are charged for it. And the worst is that Indian Airlines. it is to be hoped.still riding on the crest of growth. the loans to farmers. even if the United States is . Foreigners are not cows to be milked. the subventions.. The State Bank of India.for the moment . Western civilisation is struggling.. she will face a much graver danger than bureaucratisation. Will she have by then lost her soul to modernity. if she is going to utilise the WTO accords to become a major industrial power. and like five star hotels. Thus even though it might look disadvantageous for India in the initial years. poorer. eliminate the inefficient and force those who have abused the Indian customer. South Korea. there are all kinds of cheaper flights. statism. have often overtaken the world Giants in many fields. whose privatization we are still awaiting. The other example is Indian Airlines. The Japanese. But they are conning the customer. the help to students. Nevertheless. is the best representative of that attitude. it should not be forgotten that Socialism has its good side. But ultimately it is the developing nations. they have lost the supremacy that they used to enjoy for centuries. get away with it. And definitely the free market economy that they are going to usher is going to benefit her. to become more competitive and offer better goods. The caring for the poorer section of society.000 rupees for a Madras/Delhi/Madras flight. for instance. less than 7000 rupees for a 12 hours flight. which amounts to business class fare. achieving modernity and affluence. because tomorrow the sun is -at last. forces the other Airlines to align themselves on their fares. You can fly from Paris to New York for as cheap as 250 $. Yet. not a single rupee overdraft is allowed if a cheque for collection comes in and one rupee is missing in the account. Unbridled capitalism has shown that it has no such humanity and often makes the tiny minority of the rich. which has because of the presence of so many Westerners. because what they are talking about is full fare. Taiwan. night flights. because it will bring some balancing in her industry. nobody wants to accept their cheques in Pondichery itself.going to rise again in the East. India. Witness the United States or Mexico. Compare this with the more than 15. return fares. which continues to charge whooping amounts for their tickets. represent its more human aspect.that they have been used for 50 years to treat their customers as if they were doing them a service and not vice versa. one of the highest turnover of foreign exchange in the Tamil Nadu State.. they will not even bother to call you..

to endure its lasting in power and to appear “secular”. Then ancient India and her spirit might disappear altogether and we would have only one more nation like the others and that would be a real gain neither to the world nor to us". but in this apparent magnificent progression. toppled once more the BJP Government. or amusement parks. which have killed the soul of so many other nations. if the BJP. the mighty prophet of the future. The Indian soldiers performed very bravely in the face of tremendous odds and the international community appreciated India’s restraint in not crossing over onto the Pakistani side of the LOC. Rayban glasses. her special spiritual genius. guarding and extending zealously her gains and her interest. forfeiting her swadharma.that Japan did . to infiltrate Pakistani soldiers disguised as mujahidins on the Indian side of the Line of Control in Kashmir. for India. It would thus take the road charted by the Congress before him : corruption. bagged only two seats in the general elections. After the disastrous Governments of Mrs Gowda and LK Gujral. with the help of Jayalitha. for the handling of the Kargil war by Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee. Mac Donalds. practising power politics with a high degree of success. to satisfy its allies. maybe because it had forsaken some of its original ideals. she may conceivably become a nation like many others. At the moment. bureaucracy and sink into oblivion very quickly.where spirituality today is only a few external rituals and society has become so robotised that Japanese have lost all sense of initiative? Listen to what Sri Aurobindo. although its hands were tied down by demanding allies. since by following certain tempting directions. The Indian voter was grateful. in 1996. a powerful organisation of social and political life. which the western press chooses to call “the Hindu nationalists”. had to say in 1948: "There are deeper issues for India herself. That India always preserves her Dharma. a total humiliation. This is why. it is enjoying 75 . although the BJP itself did not do as well as expected. a well meaning but largely ineffective man. specially in Uttar Pradeh. THE BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY In 1984. it became the largest party in India with 186 MP’s and came briefly to power. the BJP came back to power at the head of a 18 parties coalition in March 1998 and did fairly well. when the Pakistanis traitorously took advantage of the Lahore peace process initiated by India in February 1999. an immense military strength. losing her soul. even though it’s government was unfairly toppled ten days later. discotheques. he may have had this in mind. When Narashima Rao spoke once of "the middle of the road economy". VIP syndrome. will not forsake many of the ideals which had made it dear and unique in the eyes of many of India’s voters. be it MTV. 11. the Bharatiya Janata Party.5. the unpredictable “Diva” of Tamil Nadu. dominating even a large part of the world. after Sonia Gandhi. that this Dharma guides her through the pitfalls of the WTO accords and through the dangers of liberalisation and modernity. It remains now to be seen. Twelve years later. the Indian electorate returned to power the BJP and its allies with a stumping majority. That it preserves her from becoming fully contaminated by the invasion of a foreign culture. evolving an opulent industry and commerce. particularly by Jayalitha. with the covert help of the President of India and the Election Commissioner.

Outlook. a new feeling of “nationalism” and being proud of one’s ancient civilisation . Rewrite Indian History. the Congress did disastrous showings at the polls. ITDC. there is the dynasty rule angle . SONIA GANDHI AND THE FUTURE OF THE CONGRESS When Sonia Gandhi took over the reins of the Congress beginning of 1998. the great Hindu tradition of worshipping “That” which seems to be above us. it was thought that the party would revive its fortunes her leadership. which had mostly been devised by White Masters. even though a greater part of it (Frontline. and incorporate them in the education system and everyday life. Why is that ? Everything possible has been to explain how Congressmen. (*) Unfortunately. dynasty is a very western word. her absolute control over huge funds and foundations. although some efforts have been made. And that which She must seek now to awake. where it only got 112 seats. nobody. was she not the inheritor of the Gandhi-Nehru dynasty ? But under her rule. surrounded that she is by security. yoga. which applies more to the American soap 76 . is not an anglicised oriental people. as well as numerous “White Elephants”.… Then will the BJP help to fulfill the prophecy of Sri Aurobindo : "India of the ages is not dead nor has She spoken Her last creative word.unprecedented popularity as there as been a change of heart in India. although it should be said that Indian sycophancy is a perverted offshoot of bhakti. of course : it is an old Congress tradition. etc. such as many of the Indian Banks. which has the most expensive fares in the world. The BJP should take full advantage of this sympathy to come-up with some hard decisions. her aloofness. particularly during the 1999 elections.even the Indian media has begun to strike a different note. but still the ancient immemorial Shakti recovering Her deepest self. no voices were raised after the debacle to ask for her resignation. so as to "Indianize" (*) the nation that it may manifest again its true unique soul : Give back the power to the villages in the form of Panchayat. Change the Constitution so that democracy may not be perverted as it will be. there is obviously self interest .most of the Congress bigwigs. docile pupil of the West and doomed to repeat the cycle of the Occident's success and failure. lifting Her head higher towards the supreme source of light and strength and turning to discover the complete meaning and vaster form of Her Dharma". know that without Sonia (or Nehru / or Rajiv / or Indira). 11. have been humiliating and are still debasing themselves in front of Sonia Gandhi.but again. Asian Age) remains in the hands of die-hard Marxists and Hindu-baiters. who are much more intelligent that they are credited for. they stand to get very little votes. Revive ancient traditional systems such as pranayama. except Pawar and Sangma dared to challenge her autocratic ways. After all. a rout royal. the BJP has been rather shy in implementing many of its electoral promises.6. important and humble. big and small. regardless of its value. Privatise the over-staffed Indian Airlines. Yet. sycophants and secretaries. Reintroduce Sanskrit as the national language. particularly in the field of culture and education (and met with outrage and stiff resistance from the “secular” Indian intelligentsia). SAIL. There is sycophancy.

The Indian Press has made too much of the Bofors controversy and the whole thing is a hypocrite’s scandal. coupled with the old maharaja tradition. whatever her merits (and she did put some order and dignity back in the Congress) exercises on Indians in general. specially the horrifying Khalifat episode.opera of the same name. there is an element which has been overlooked : the shakti element. which is so strong and prevalent in India. and that for long it was manipulated by its British masters to ensure that India stayed with the Crown . the constant Hindu-baiting by the Nehruvian intelligentsia and Congressmen since 1926. which led to the humiliation of the Indian army in 1962. and finally the catastrophic rules of Indira and Rajiv Gandhi. where the concept of bhakti. there is the foreign angle. it is because of this myth that Indians come by droves to witness in person the White Skin of Sonia Gandhi when she comes in their areas to address a rally. PS. the disastrous “socialist” policies of Nehru. another foreigner at its helm. lastly. who is bound to dominate Indian politics for the next decade.O Hume. his cowardly attitude towards China and Tibet. Rajiv must have been convinced by the old Congress guard to accept the Bofors kickbacks for the party through intermediaries . It is because of this Aryan myth that dark-skinned Indians of humble origin dream of having a white skin. Rajesh Pilot. Congress has come a full circle. is the Great Myth of the Aryan Invasion of India. * A word about Bofors is a must. had no inkling about India’s great past and potential spiritual future. as all political parties in the world use kickbacks on arms deals to finance their election campaigns. and find within its ranks young and dynamic leaders . trapped that he was in his lies. one of their best youthful leaders. 77 . such as Pakistan or Bangladesh.and there are quite a few waiting in the wings (although sadly. that it allowed Indira Gandhi to govern with an iron hand this maledominated country for nearly twenty years and that it has even survived in the neighbouring Islamic states.with Sonia. have always ensured respects for “royal” families. it is because of this myth that even the upper-class Indians think that everything Aryan –read White – is better than their own culture. It should also look at the past in a frank and open manner and acknowledge the great blunders committed by the Congress since the beginning of the century : the pandering to the Muslim League by Gandhi.and lived to regret it. naturally : let us not forget that the Congress was founded by a Scot. for which Gandhi was also greatly responsible. it should get rid of its hankering for the dynasty rule. Then only will have the Congress a chance to redeem itself and find a meaningful place in History books. of which we have spoken earlier. whether they love or hate her. the partition of India. witness Benazir Bhutto or the two Bangla Begums. dies in 2000 in a car accident). where leaders are quite old generally. But the main cause for this morbid fascination that Sonia Gandhi. A. than to India. even if they might not vote for her… What is the future of Congress in 21st century India then ? If it wants to be a worthy opposition party to the BJP. as it ended Rajiv Gandhi's first and only tenure as Prime Minister. more than the BJP even. who whatever their goodwill.

from within and without. But those who have been in close contact with Kashmir. p. As for Kashmir. whether it is the owner of this Kashmir emporium in a five star hotel in Madras. but they have also often taken-up the strident cry of Islam. from Nehru downwards. he was probably closer to the Hindu point of view on Ayodhya. Yet he was overtaken by the suddenness of events and had to react harshly to bolster up his image as well as India's reputation as a secular country. they burst out with their loathing of India and their attachment to an independent Kashmir. These dangers facing India today. after all the polite talk. that at the beginning of the century. than say. The Government of India has also often the illusion that ordinary Kashmiris are fed up with the militants after years of fighting. the Hindus will be wiped out again. at least 5000 years ago. today these Muslims in Kashmir have not only accepted as their own a religion which their ancestors had rejected. militants' abuses and the complete dry-up of tourism revenues. as well as from without from hostile nations. Kashmiris never liked India.1. H. a much bigger ethnic cleansing than the one of the Bosnian Muslims or the Albanians in Yugoslavia ? It's a common refrain today in most newspapers to say that since Independance India alienated Kashmiris through years of wrong policies. who wrote in 1940: “in Kashmir. they'll open their hearts to you. before they were converted by the invading Muslims six centuries ago. If India survives these two life-threatening dangers to her inner soul.CHAPTER 12: THE THREATS FROM WITHIN Narashima Rao had the misfortune to witness the Ayodhya drama and the internationalisation of the Kashmir problem during his tenure. refugees in their own land. even in its heydays of tourism. Rao was no different. it was the marvellous financial gains and state bounties that they made out of tourism. dared to tackle the issue headlong. Indian secularists and the missionary lobby. To be fair to him. there still were 25% Hindus in the Kashmir valley and that today the last 350. True. and after some time.000 Kashmiri Pandits are living in miserable conditions in camps near Jammu and Delhi. Talk to them. the Hindus had all the monopoly. she has a good chance of preserving her dharma and fulfill her destiny. during Narashima Rao's years. Nevertheless. they who originally inhabited the valley. Does any one remember too. or the proprietor of that famous travel agency in Delhi: suddenly. know for a fact that as a general rule. Even those Kashmiris who are now settled in India make no bones about where their loyalty lies. come first from within. the twin dangers threatening India's disintegration came to the fore and exploded in full view. Now if the Muslim demands are acceded to. 220) How prophetic ! Because nobody cares to remember today that Kashmiris were almost entirely Hindus or Buddhists. 12. The army might come-up with some 78 . KASHMIR Western correspondents (and unfortunately sometimes Indian journalists) keep lionizing the Kashmiri “freedom fighters” and demonizing the “bad” Indian army." (India's Rebirth. But they should do well to remember Sri Aurobindo. for fear of antagonising the Indian Muslims. Gujral. at the hands of Indian Muslims. There was only one thing that attached them to India. specially if you are a Westerner.K. no Prime Minister.

the Kurds. one day. after having seen their comrades die. they just explode in a burst of outrage and excesses. to the retired High Court judge. And as for Farook Abdullah. from the lowly unemployed sikara boatman. a separatist problem. as it does in Iraq. And this leads to the next question: should then India surrender to international pressure and let Kashmiris decide their own fate ? Well it all depends on the Indian people's determination. the majority of whom happen to be belonging to the Third World. after weeks and weeks of waiting in fear. death and treachery are the order of the day. if you meet the Kashmiris of today. in Somalia and Yugoslavia and is getting away with it. The Indian security forces in Kashmir are accused of all kind of atrocities. or some family. who has been raped by the militants and whom they parade to the Indian press. support which led to the bleeding of Afghanistan today and the Pakistani sponsoring of terrorism in India? (Without mentioning the fact that most of the Western countries which today sit in judgement of India. not a tea party! If India decides to keep Kashmir. but basically. Yesterday it colonised the entire Third World. or the Turkish. would be a massive "no" to India (98%?). is constantly interfering in other's people's affairs.. raped and colonised the Third World in the most shameless manner. the French the Corsicans. he would be quickly eliminated by the militants. This may be true in most Indian states. Each nation has. Amnesty International chooses to highlight "the Indian atrocities" in Kashmir. judges on governments and people.The answer in the Kashmir valley. it has to do so according to the rules set by the militants: violence. whose father and sons have been killed by the Hizbullah because they're informers. somewhat pompous organisation. the Spanish have the Basques.. and after all it happened not so long ago). Did Amnesty bother at all about the support given by the CIA to the most fundamentalists Mujhadins group in Afghanistan and Pakistan.disgruntled girl. But this is war.and their family system ensures that they will support each other in need. often by force. And men are men: after having been ambushed repeatedly. might be willing to mouth their proIndian stance. which in its comfortable offices in London. Its insistence on being granted unlimited access to Kashmir is a one-sided affair. It uses the United Nations. But Amnesty which does otherwise wonderful work to keep track of political atrocities world-wide. there is only one thing which Kashmiris are craving for and that is a plebiscite on whether they want to stay with India or secede. the United States and the United Nations decide today what is democratic and what they deem anti-democratic and use their military might to enforce their views? But this is the trend today and it is a very 79 . Indeed. Kashmiris will be appeased. the United States. under the guise of human rights. Can Amnesty International. can sometimes become a moralistic. you will find that they are all unanimous in their hatred of the Indian army and their support of the militants. Kashmiris will stick together . but these are individual cases. Amnesty International will continue to lambaste India in its reports about human rights violations. who are often rightly fed-up with Centre’s constant interference in their internal affairs. who would immediately seize control of Kashmir and attach it to Pakistan. Today. or has had in the past. Nowadays Farook Abdullah wants us to believe that with a certain degree of autonomy. But has Amnesty the right to decide what is right or wrong for each nation ? Sometimes double standards are adapted by the West. Today.

dangerous and fascistic trend. Will tomorrow the United Nations send troops to Kashmir to enforce Pakistan's dreams? Furthermore, there is today another very dangerous habit, which is to fragment the world into small bits and parts, thus reverting to a kind of Middle Age status, whereas small nations were always warring each other on ethnic grounds. It is the West and particularly the United States' insistence to dismantle Communism at all costs, thus encouraging covertly and overtly the breaking up of Russia and Eastern Europe, which started this fashion. But this is a dangerous game and tomorrow Europe and indirectly the USA will pay the price for it: wars will bring instability and refugees to Europe and the United States might have to get involved militarily. Can India get herself dragged into this mire? Why should India which took so long to unite herself and saw at the departure of the British one third of its land given away to Pakistan, surrender Kashmir? The evolution of our earth tends towards UNITY, oneness, towards the breaking up of our terrible borders, the abolishing of passports, bureaucracies, no man's lands; not towards the building up of new borders, new customs barriers, new smaller nations. India cannot let herself be broken up in bits and parts just to satisfy the West's moralistic concerns, although it does have to improve upon its Human Rights record,particularly the police atrocities and the misuse of TADA. To preserve her Dharma, India has to remain united, ONE, and even conquer again whether by force or by peaceful means, what once was part of her South Asian body . For this she should not surrender Kashmir, it could be the beginning of the breaking up of India.

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12.2. THE INDIAN MUSLIMS Ultimately, what the Muslim invaders did during the centuries of their domination, was that they planted a seed of DIVISION, for at that time, their avowed aim, what was driving their extreme ferocity at converting entire nations at the point of their scimitars, was to turn the whole world into "Dar-ul-Islam", the House of Islam. And today, the seed has matured, whether in Kashmir, in Pakistan, or even in India. Once more, it must be emphasised at the risk of being accused of boring repetition: the point is not to come down on Islam, whose greatness can never be denied, if only because they represent one third of the world’s population. The purpose is not to look back at history for a cry of vengeance. What has been done is done; you cannot wish away the Muslims of Bosnia, or of Kashmir, or the 12O millions Indian Muslims. They are part of history, they each belong to their different communities. The purpose is to look at history SO AS TO UNDERSTAND IT TODAY. The exercise is to glimpse back in time SO THAT WE DON'T REPEAT YESTERDAY'S MISTAKES. The Jews have taught us that the collective memory, the remembering of the Holocaust, Shoah, Shindler's list are meant for the world not to forget its monstrous aberrations. And even today, there is no doubt that Islam has never been fully able to give up its inner conviction that its own religion is the only true creed and that all others are "Kafirs", infidels. In India it was true 300 years ago, and it is still true today. Remember the cry of the militants in Kashmir to the Pandits: "convert to Islam or die"! And in the words of Sri Aurobindo: " As for the Hindu-Muslim affair, I saw no reason why the greatness of India's past or her spirituality should be thrown into the waste paper basket, in order to conciliate the Moslems who would not at all be conciliated by such policy... (Sri Aurobindo India's Rebirth, page 161) But when will Indian Muslims understand that they have to be Indians first and then Muslims? Ayodhya is the perfect example of the unwillingness of the Indian Muslims to come to terms with the Indian reality; it is the symbol of a certain kind of insincerity and double standards. 12.3. AYODHYA How many of those who have lambasted so many times the "Hindu fundamentalists" and lamented the destruction of the Babri Masjid mosque as the "death of secularism in India", have been to Ayodhya? (not Faizabad, mind you, which is Ayodhya's twin Muslim city). When one arrived in Ayodhya before the destruction of the mosque, one was struck by the fact that it was a Hindu town "par excellence". More than Benares even, it is dotted everywhere with innumerable temples; it has all these old Hindus houses and this lovely river with its ghats which runs through the lower town. And then, forlorn on the top, there was this lone mosque with its two ugly domes, which looked so out of place and unused, that any one with a right sense -and that includes the Muslims- should see that it was not worth making an issue of.

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The destruction of the Babri Masjid has evoked such fiery reactions, that the importance of Ayodhya has been totally overlooked: Ayodhya is a symbol, through which two India’s are facing each other. And the outcome of their confrontation will shape the future of this country for generations to come. The first India wants to be secular and unite together through an egalitarian, democratic spirit all the minorities, ethnic groups, religions and people of the country. But the question is: what would be the binding element of this kind of India? Secularism, says the first side. But secularism has a different meaning for each one, as we saw in the preceding chapters. For the British, it was a convenient way to divide and rule, by treating each Indian community on par, although some were in minority and others in majority, thereby planting the seeds of separatisms. For the Congress Party, it has always meant giving in to the Muslims' demands, because its leaders never could really make out if the allegiance of Indian Muslims first want to India and then to Islam - or vice-versa. And for India's intelligentsia, its writers, journalists, top bureaucrats, the majority of whom are Hindus, it means, apart from spitting on its own religion and brothers, an India which would be a faithful copy of the West: liberal, modern, atheist, industrialised, intellectual and western-oriented. Furthermore, what makes India unique? Certainly not its small elite which apes the West; there are millions of these western clones in the developing world who wear a tie, read the New York Times and swear by liberalism and secularism to save their countries from doom. Nor its modern youth, whom you meet in Delhi's swank parties, who are full of the Star TV culture, who wear the latest Klein jeans and Lacoste T Shirts, and who in general are useless, fat, rich parasites, in a country which has so many talented youngsters who live in poverty. Not even its political, bureaucratic and judicial system; it's a copy of the British set up, which is not fully adapted to India's unique character and conditions. What then? The second India which is confronting the other at Ayodhya is of a course the India of the Hindus. When Imam Bhukari and others state that "we (the Mughals) gave everything to this country, its culture, its manners, its arts (and he adds: "the Hindus by destroying the Babri Masjid show how little gratitude they have"), apart from making a pompous declaration, he proclaims exactly the opposite of the reality. Because the truth is that not only Hinduism is what makes India unique, so different from all the other nations of the world, but it is the single most important influence in Indian history. In the words of Sri Aurobindo: "The inner principle of Hinduism, the most tolerant and receptive of all religious systems, is not sharply exclusive like the religious spirit of Christianity or Islam...it is the fulfilment of the highest tendencies of human civilisation and it will include in its sweep the most vital impulses of modern life.." And indeed, if you look at India today, you find that Hinduism has permeated, influenced, shaped, every part of this country, every religion, every culture. Be it the Christians who are like no other Catholics of the world, or Indian Muslims, who whatever they may say, are utterly different from their brothers in Saudi Arabia. But Hinduism is too narrow a word, it's a corruption of the original word "Indu", for true Hinduism is Dharma, India's infinite and eternal spiritual knowledge, which took shape into so many varied expressions throughout the ages, be it the Vedantas, Buddhism, or the Arya Samaj and which is today still

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which they believe was built in this particular place. ridiculous. men. children. however unfortunate.. the destruction of the Babri Masjid. which after all constitute 80% of its population. where the last Hindus were made to flee in terror. or that all cities with a Muslim name be renamed with a Hindu one. Talisma Nasreen). The obvious trap is to think that the demolition of the mosque in Ayodhya is something to gloat about and that it is the duty of all good Hindus to see that other important mosques at Mathura. And the words of the great Sage still echo in our ears: "Each nation is a shakti or power of the evolving spirit in humanity and lives by the principle it embodies. 83 .But we must have a firm faith that India must rise and be great and that everything that happened. true spirituality.. The great Mughals must be laughing all the way down their graves! What a reversal of situation! What a turnabout of history! And when the mosque was destroyed. that it becomes extraordinary for an impartial observer to see today that when for once. Hindus have proved that they too can fight.very much alive in India. ONE mosque and rebuild the "temple". has made its point: the occult Mughal hold over Hindu India has been broken and centuries of Hindu submission erased." What one has to grasp is that Ayodhya only makes sense when the immense harm the Muslims did to India is not negated. holierthan-thou. whether in Kashmir. atrocious. both within India and in the Western world (who should be the last one to give lessons to India). such pompous. every reverse must help and further the end. Nevertheless. every difficulty. where the entire Hindu community was made to leave by the Mujahedins.. India is the Bharata Shakti. sly and totally undeserved outrage. or in Bangladesh. overblown. or in Afghanistan. or elsewhere. not even to destroy. sanctimonious. the one which is loved universally by all. which has always shown its tolerance and accepted in its fold other creeds and faiths. where the crowds still regularly go on rampage against Hindus and their temples (as told by a Bangladeshi Muslim herself.. it evoked such fiery reactions. as indeed it has been and still is today. without the world batting an eyelid. will be the cementing factor. Vanarasi. THEY are treated as rabid fundamentalists. particularly in its rural masses. so that it develops itself in the bosom of a Greater India. It is in this light. of which dharma. the living energy of a great spiritual conception. the Hindus wanted to displace. for one of their most cherished Gods. each culture. be also razed to the ground.and fidelity to it is the very principle of her existence. that the importance of Ayodhya as a symbol has been totally overlooked. women. This is not true Hinduism. Indeed a true "Indu" India will be secular in the correct sense of the term: it will give freedom to each religion.

when actually this disused. the politicians. It is they who upon getting independence. THE INDIAN ELITE Do educated Indians suffer from an inferiority complex vis à vis the West ? Do they think theirs is a lesser democracy. They want to apply to India the same norms which are used in the industrialised world. but they did manage to win over a small portion of India's elite population. the privileged. yogis. the Santanam Dharma of the Vedic sages. whether maharajas. to its uniqueness. the bureaucracy. lawyers. of course. those very men and women who had the great fortune not to be born in need. everything is bleak. all in the name of democracy and human rights. the endless rebirths and ultimately the evolutionary Ascension of man towards the Ultimate Truth. As we saw earlier. And extraordinarily. that which gives a meaning to this otherwise senseless life and which the West has totally lost: the Wheel of Life. the cream of this nation. India's upper class. fragmented? Do these people want to see India go the way of Yugoslavia? Don't they realise that they are traitors to their own country. they never succeeded in their task. true Hinduism. but which was in reality India's many-sided perception of truth. the system. nothing is possible. These people. They whipped up the Ayodhya controversy. broken. by Amnesty International's comments on their nation. worthless. Jarkhaland. which has been planted in the minds of their ancestors more than two centuries ago? Nobody in India is more representative of this Hindu-bashing syndrome than some of the Indian Press. let go of Kashmir. It is they who today are ready again to split India at the seams. hopeless. in their thinking. unfit to India's own ways and needs. denied India its true identity and copied blindly from the West to frame its Constitution. be it in their dress. or journalists. and tomorrow Tamil land. the government. ugly structure. what no other nation in the word possesses: Dharma. Educated Indians always seem to compare their democracy to Western standards. in the midst of a wholly Hindu city had no relevance for any one who has some common sense. the knowledge passed down by thousands of sages. were made to feel ashamed of their own ways and thus tried to become more British than the Britishers. to is unparalleled greatness? That ultimately their India-bashing is a colonial leftover? An unconscious inferiority complex. are ashamed of their country. they quickly set upon trying to destroy what they perceived as paganism. Fortunately for India. of Gorkhaland. Nothing works. appear to enjoy India-bashing.4.. afflicted with all the world's ills ? Does India's elite look down upon its own country ? To a Westerner. or in their Hinduism-bashing. they are handing over India to her enemies.. many of India's elite ridicule what makes this country unique in the world. forcing the Congress and the Muslim leadership to make a stand for the mosque. It is they who labelled Hindus as Nazis fundamentalists. it is they who called Advani a Hitler (do they 84 . of Assam. But the truth is that those Indians who constantly negate India. when the British invaded India. of Punjab.12. Nothing seems to find grace in their eyes: everything is rotten. Hinduism. sadhus of the Eternal Truth. Do not Indians realise that by constantly belittling their own country and seeing it the way the West wants them to perceive it. those who wish her ill? Those who would like to see her humbled. it seems very much so. Their parameters appear to be set by what the West thinks about India. saints.

But again. have become very callous towards their less fortunate brethren and there are not enough Hindu organizations doing charitable work as the Christians do. in a country of more than one billion. for its investigative journalism which makes sense when it helps uncover corruption. it should learn to look at things NOT through the Western prism. a thankless task if there is one. as Arun Shourie demonstrated in his book. because they are unique in the world. where the masses make life in India more and more miserable. if you have observed her carefully over the years. And nothing symbolises this spirit better than Mother Theresa. one should say in defence of Mother Theresa that she certainly did saintly work. It is they who in the aftermath of the destruction shouted themselves hoarse over "the end of our secularism" or "the mortal blow to our democracy". where an ever growing population is swallowing whatever little economic progress is made. and particularly the Hindus. converting by devious means. the Indian Press should also be praised for its incredible diversity. even after her death. where for 30 years the Indian Government has directed a courageous and democratic birth control programme. or are even engineered by Muslims and forgetting how much harm Christianity has done to this country for three centuries. She did speak against contraception and abortion. forgetting in the heat of their self-righteousness that Ayodhya was a symbol. and certainly the great majority of Catholics in India are peaceful Indian citizens. They do not advocate openly the breaking-up of India. injustice.5. one can wonder: what did Mother Theresa really stand for? Was caring for the dying and orphaned children her only goal ? Well. you will notice that she did not say much. and apply to India standards that are Her own and of which she has nothing to be ashamed. But firstly. destroying temples in Pondichery… True. crucifying Brahmins in Goa. Missionaries post-independence: Exploding the Mother Theresa myth The Christians are a much quieter force than the Muslims. by portraying the Christian community in India as persecuted. “Missionaries in India and as the continuing conversions of low-caste Hindus show clearly. Indian themselves. After all. even though their religion has taught them compassion for 4000 years. It is they who are still at it today. although there is growing awareness amongst Hindu organisations that it’s time to put their act together. Yet the missionary spirit brought in by the British is still alive in India and goes on quietly about its work. (whereas in China 85 . This said. invading the cities. crowding their streets and polluting their environments. there is no denying that it takes a Westerner to pick-up the dying in the streets of Calcutta and raise abandoned orphans. but through the Indian looking glass. when many of the incidents are the result of jealousies between converted and non-converted tribals. for its inexhaustible reserve of talented writers.have any knowledge of European history: Hitler killed in cold blood 6 millions Jews and crores of other people). 12. or political despotism.

many Indian intellectuals immediately sprang-up to the defence of Mother Theresa. bad taste ». the question may be asked : 1) what did Mother Theresa really stand for? 2) Why do Indians defend her so ardently ? 86 .demographic control has achieved though autocratic means). She has also been attacked « for being a friend of the despots and accepting their money ». to speak thus. saying it was « bad faith. But of course. But still.

having even adopted Indian nationality. there has been many attacks against Christians in India – the most gruesome being the murder of Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two young sons by Dara Singh and some villagers infuriated by Staine’s repeated attempts at converting tribals. so she kept quiet. she has lived here so long. she always came out after some years with : « It is now time for you to embrace the true religion ». a roundabout manner to convert people? For without any doubt. her exquisite culture. she knew that on the eve of the 21st century. For. For the truth is that she stood for the most orthodox Christian conservatism. that she knows the country as well as any Indian. Fair enough. And if you ask those « elite » Indians who knew her well. of course. of which she is the vector. as all good Christians do. most of the people she saved from the streets did ultimately become Christians. particularly the conservatives ones. there is some truth in it. remember what Lords Hastings had to say about the Hindus! Mother Theresa was much more clever than Lord Hastings. But then it may be asked again: did Mother Theresa ever attempt to counterbalance this negative image of India. OK. a great admirer of her. the massive outcry it then evoked in the Indian Press (let us forget for a moment the politicians. the gentleness of its people.6.. the brilliance of its children. Surely she can defend her own country? She could for example speak about India infinite spirituality. of dying without dignity. which after all is the religion of 700 millions people of the country she said she loved and has been their religion for 5000 years. by a more positive one ? After all. Unfortunately. But ultimately is not charitable work. whatever it dedication. There is no doubt that ultimately Mother Theresa’s goal was utterly simple: to convert India to Christianity. This is because deep inside her. Mother Theresa said nothing. it would have looked very bad if she had openly stated her true opinions about Hinduism. 12. Recent attacks on Christians In recent years. While there is no doubt that this ghastly murder should be universally condemned and that the culprits should be severely punished. make no mistake about it. that Hinduism is a pagan religion which adores a multitude of heathen gods and should be eliminated. of the miseries of the cities.. but then it should have been pointed out to her. whose cynical opportunism is now known to 87 . of the poor of India left unattended. (Rai politely declined). the only true religion in her eyes. that she projected (and is still projecting today after her death.During her whole lifetime. Mother Theresa considered. through the order she has created) to the whole world an image of India which is entirely negative: of poverty beyond humanity. Mother Theresa spoke only of the dying of the streets in Calcutta. such as photographer Ragu Rai. of a society which abandons its children. there has been no changes about Christian or Protestant designs on India since they arrived with the Portuguese and the British. Did you notice that she never once said a good word about Hinduism.

which can only be answered by a Westerner. continue to include the Jhabua rape in the list of the atrocities against the Christians. or in Jammu. Yet the Indian Press which went beserk at the time of the burnings. the Indian Press. that the life of a hundred Hindus is not worth a tear ? 2) This massive outcry on the “atrocities against the minorities” raises also doubts about the quality and integrity of Indian journalism. very few voices are raised in the Indian Press to condemn it . It is also an outcome of what . When Hindus are killed in pogroms in Pakistan or Bangladesh (please read again Taslima Nasreen’s book “Lajja”). when Hindus are slaughtered in Kashmir. along with their bishop George Anatil. Take the burning of churches in Andhra Pradesh in mid 2000. which itself is a legacy of British colonisation ? Is 88 . their own religion. as many of the early colonialists and missionaries thought. even if Dara Singh does belong to the Bajrang Dal. it is doubtful if the 100 others accused do. women and children.it was the doing of a gang of Bhil tribals.at least there never is such an outrage as provoked by the murder of Staines. of pent-up jealousies. is that like in many other “backward” places. What is more probable.men. mostly kept quiet when the true nature of the perpetrators was revealed. Take for instance the rape of the four nuns in Jhabua in 1998. the Christian hierarchy and the politicians. as any Indian who would dare utter the below statements would immediately be assimilated with the Sangh Parivar : 1) Is the life of a White Man infinitely more important and dear to the Indian Media than the lives of a hundred Indians ? Or to put it differently : is the life of a Christian more sacred than the lives of many Hindus ? It would seem so.all). always come down so hard on their own culture. at the behest of the ISI to foment hatred between Christians and Hindus. posthumous “interview” of Mr Staines in Star News. It is still happening from time to time Kashmir. of old village feuds and land disputes. 3) And this raises the most important question : why does the Indian press always reflect a westernised point of view ? Why does India’s intellectual “elite”. their own brothers and sisters ? Is it because of an eternal feeling of inferiority. that it had nothing to do with religion . Finally. Yet the four adorable nuns themselves admitted. of course ) always reported it as a “religious” rape. Because we all remember in the eighties. Yet. It was proved later that it was actually the handiwork of Indian Muslims. Yet even today. Does this really mean.it should be said . known to perpetrate this kind of hateful acts on their own women. it is a case of converted tribals versus non-converted tribals. which was supposed to have been committed by the “fanatic” RSS. known for their muscular ways of converting. the majority of which happens to be Hindu. The Indian Press (and the foreign correspondents.are the aggressive methods of the Pentecost and seventh Adventists missionaries. raises several important questions. we never witness in the Indian Media the like of tear jerking. whether in Pendjab or in Kashmir. how militants would stop buses and kill all the Hindus .

where the communists have shamelessly and dangerously exploited the Christians issue for their own selfish purpose ? Whatever it is. or from the Keonjhar district in Orissa. it has been passed-off as the truth and it has been believed to be so by the masses. the harm is done. And the result is that it has split India a little more along religious and castes lines. Because even though it is not the truth which has been reported from Jhabua. honour. spirituality and greatness. nor charity.. as the communist and those who want to see India divided. from Andhra Pradesh. colonised… 89 .remember the words of Claudius Buccchanan.and not those who raped. their women raped. gratitude. converted by force or guile.they who were colonised. How sad that such a beautiful country. is slowly sinking into self-destruction… And the best is that the Hindus . diminished. nor honesty. humiliated. is to be found in the breast of a Hindoo"! Is it because the Indian Press is still deeply influenced by Marxist and communist thoughts planted by Nehruvianism. beaten-up. have always wished. converted. are blamed .it because they considers Hindus to be inferior beings . like it is in Kerala.Neither truth. with such a wonderful tradition of tolerance. a chaplain attached to the East India Company : ".. their temples destroyed. destroyed.

(Koran 98:51-9:5-4:89) Is Pakistan's war against India then a Muslim "jihad". particularly the USA. If they return to paganism then take them whenever you find them and kill them'. Ayodhya. Everywhere the Indian Government says it sees the "Pakistani hand" behind it. active. But India is also under attack from without. 90 . nuclear bombs? And as in the case of Ayodhya.and even further away. who does not always grasp India’s problems and its relevance to Asia and the world. then at least the Kashmir valley. it can never beat India in a conventional conflict. at the hands of Kashmiri secessionists. which is in great majority Muslim. whether you talk about Kashmir. after having lost three wars (four if you count Kargil). under the onslaught of its westernised "elite" minority. the house of Islam. wherever ye find them and take them captive and besiege them and prepare them for all kinds of ambush'. they add. at the mercy of the sometimes doubtful allegiance of its 120 million strong Muslim community. only the weapons have evolved: to conquer India. to finish what the Mughal Emperors were not able to achieve". for to their eyes India is still the Infidel. that both numerically and strategically. a billion Muslims will feel compelled to side with this muhajid struggle and dissenters will be careful not to protest aloud. Or 'Slay the infidels. but also from her non-Muslim neighbours. militant. It is an hostile hand. or from its missionary contingent. And the same can be said about the nuclear bomb. the ultimate jihad against the Infidel. or Kargil. from the West. not only from its Muslim neighbours. should have reverted to Pakistan.CHAPTER 13: THE THREATS FROM WITHOUT It would be bad enough if India had to suffer threats from within only. is a way of getting back at India. who are all offspring of a once Greater India. although India only helped Bangladesh to gain its freedom in the face of what the Bangladeshis say was Pakistani genocide. They are the meanest of creatures'. Pakistan the continuing incarnation of those Muslim invaders who raped India from the middle of the 7th century onwards? Militant Hindus contend that nothing has changed: "their cry is still the same: "Dar-ul-Islam". they conclude. (and it should be emphasised that for long the Hindus Pandits in Kashmir exploited and dominated the Muslims -who are getting back at them today)." But then you also have to understand the Pakistani point of view: take Kashmir for instance. from China . for Pakistan has realised. but the purpose is identical. Is actually. Or again: 'Choose not thy friends among the Infidels till they forsake their homes and the way of idolatry. everything reverts to Pakistan. the whole of Islam might side with Pakistan. Pakistan. It should be clear also that Pakistan never forgot the humiliating loss of Bangladesh at the hands of India. which if necessary will utilise the ultimate weapon. Zia's emergence was a result of that humiliation and the whole policy of proxy war by supporting the separatist movements in Punjab and Kashmir. If one goes by the logic of Partition. Yesterday they used scimitars. whose ultimate goal is the destruction of India. All these quotations are taken from the Koran and are read everyday to the faithful by their mollahs. 13. To reason with Pakistan is useless.1. today they have the atomic bomb. finally. Pakistan Ah. Says Elst: "if tomorrow the Pakistani start the Prophet's first nuclear war against an Infidel country (India). which the Koran asks them to slay. "for once again they are only putting in practice what their religion teaches them every day -that 'the Pagans shall burn forever in the fire of hell. the Idolater.

possible even a new invasion and foreign conquest. 13.2. has its individual identity and that in fact it has been able to do better than India in many fields. that the country has evolved a soul of its own. as well as in India. are fond of saying that it is because India is a great bully. their bureaucrats more friendly. THE PARTITION OF THE COUNTRY MUST GO". Here is a wonderful country. And as long as Partition remains. even sometimes behind events where Pak is not involved. Is she really? At least in her past history. Their politicians are more accessible than in India for instance. whether in Thailand. there is a tremendous leftover of India's predominance. For if it lasts. India will not be able to live in peace: Ayodhya. always pointing a finger at its neighbour. are always possible. Kargil. India and Pakistan (+ Bangladesh) are ONE. Mauritius. but because they unconsciously realise that they all sprang from India's vast bosom. hegemonistic in her tendencies.. But then the Indian Government should only blame themselves. her religion never tried to convert anybody and her armies never marched into other countries -the same cannot be said about Islam. The menace from within cannot be tackled unless the menace from without is solved. and PIA is definitely a better airline than Indian Airlines ! Finally.It is also clear when one goes to Pakistan today. solely due to the sheer greatness of her culture and Hindu dharma. THE OTHER NEIGHBOURS How is it that India is almost universally disliked. It is hoped that the Congress and the nation will not accept the settled fact as for ever settled. India may be seriously weakened. Buddhist Sri Lankans. even crippled: civil strife may remain always possible. she has never shown any hegemonistic inclinations. or Christianity with her Crusades. under whatever form.. or even the more peaceful Buddhist missionaries. both in South Asia. sooner or later. The key word must be fear. Yet at one time India's influence. or even Bangladesh and Pakistan. Indians can cry themselves hoarse about Pakistani treachery and see the evil hand of Islamabad everywhere. sometimes even hated by her neighbours. which is the only Hindu nation in the world. Bangladeshi infiltration and a potential (nuclear?) war with Pakistan. can Pakistanis be accused of all ills that befall India ? The Indian Press has become possessed of total paranoia when it comes to Pakistan and Kashmir. they might very well all return to that bosom. Cambodia. as Sri Aurobindo did in 1947: "But the old communal division into Hindu and Muslim seems to have hardened into the figure of a permanent division of the country. extended as far as China on one side and on Iran. whether they are Muslim Bangladeshis. or even Hindu Nepalese? Journalists. For have they not recognised at independence the geographical and political reality of Partition and have they not continued to do so up to now? Is there any political leader in India who dares say today that India and Pakistan are ONE? Is there any voice to proclaim the truth in a loud and clear voice. All these countries are afraid of India. Kashmir.and that one day. Even today. which is so 91 . But many of India’s problems are of her own making Thus.. Greece and even the Europe on the other. not entirely because she is a great bully. with simple and friendly people. Nepal is a very good example of that India-hate syndrome. or as anything more than a temporary expedient..

and lives on a tourist industry which in turn is at the mercy of terrible civil war? India has also to account for the hostility of the Gulf countries. were the perfect example of that threat to India from the Gulf countries: not only did the Indian Muslims who were the hands that executed.and got assassinated in the process. who thanks to the lack of foresight of three generations of Sinhalese politicians. India's hands are bound. that there is no reason to be antagonistic to a country with which they have so much in common. But does India realise that this foreign exchange is sometimes a poisoned gift. to utter the truth about the atrocities perpetrated on Hindus after the destruction of the Ayodhya mosque. Yet every time there is a flood. lush country. And very unfortunately. the Bangladeshis blame India and not the corruption of their own Government and their habit of living-off the formidable funds they constantly get from Aid agencies. Yet the king has often been able to play a divide and rule game by using the Chinese and blaming India for all the ills of Nepal and Nepal has become a haven for Pakistani agents. Yet. Yet President Ershad was able to islamize in a radical way this nation which stood proud of its secular history. as the hijacking of the Indian Airline flight in December 1999 showed. most of them Muslims. which gives its women a unique place. The same goes for Bangladesh. produces nothing today but tea -and that even at the mercy of its Tamil workers imported by the British . Extraordinary country that erstwhile Ceylon. whatever her personal failings (love of publicity.similar in many ways to India. a nation. an easy-going and friendly people. Bangladeshis are generally a friendly race. it is often said. unnecessary shocking of Islamic feelings). poetic. is hunted down by obscure fundamentalists groups. He also tried to utilise too many times the LTTE. so that today the Tamils in Sri Lanka cannot trust the Sinhalese anymore and want nothing but total independence? Why blame India for Sri Lanka's problems. who work in the Gulf and regularly send home precious foreign exchange (even if this tendency is nowadays decreasing). And in truth. receive training arms and financing from Pakistan. but some of the Gulf countries must have had a prior knowledge of them. where they were treated as second-class citizens. are Bangladeshis first and Muslims second. Yet the hate that the Sinhalese have for Indians is something to be seen to be believed. sometimes killing them. that these Indian Muslims often bring home a more militant Islam? The Bombay blasts which followed the destruction of the Babri Masjid. who even welcomed its invaders. inflated ego. affectionate as all Bengalis. betrayed by her own people. Same phenomenon in Sri Lanka.one of the most open and tolerant in the world of Islam. thereby building-up a wall of hatred. because of its millions of nationals. when she dares in her book « Laljja ». But was it Mrs Gandhi who discriminated for 40 years against the Tamil minority of Sri Lanka? Was it Mrs Gandhi who regularly prodded Sinhalese crowds to indulge in pogroms against the Tamils. incredible diversity of races and religions. a Taslima Nasreen.and still is in many ways . And why should India be blamed for Sri Lanka's ills? The Sri Lankans can go on accusing Mrs Gandhi's of having abetted Tamil Militants in the late seventies. The fact that the perpetrators were able to transit through two of these Gulf countries after their deed is proof enough: the police of these countries are everywhere and are 92 . humorous. Bangladeshis. God gave it everything: extraordinary climate. sometimes wooing them. Again it is a hate which was fostered by their political leaders: the late President Premadasa had become a great adept at using the hate-India carrot every time he got in trouble. let down by her government. this is why they separated from Pakistan. Their society used to be .

but fortunately. one of the worst genocides of humanity. which was ever ready to close its doors to her potential friends. and at the same time they harden their tone. its investments. or at least knew in advance. make from time to time a few Human Right concessions here and there. It would have been a simple matter to stop them from leaving both the countries till an extradition was officially asked for. or famines. banking that one day. have been razed to the ground. Since 1950. Why did Dubai and Jeddah let him go? And why did the Indian Government did nothing to prevent it? One has to understand the Arab psyche: by destroying the Ayodhya mosque. if there is tomorrow a counter-revolution in China -or if communism shows again its true totalitarian face? India. either directly: shooting. probably the only one worth that name left in the world. Washington pretends to be satisfied and gives again the green light to its army of businessmen. economical liberalisation or not. IS IT POSSIBLE THEN THAT IT WAS DECIDED TO TEACH INDIA A LESSON? That Pakistan and "some" other Muslim countries funded and planned. such as Israel.2 million Tibetans have been killed. And communism means instability. 1. with whom she partakes so many similarities (problems with a Muslim minority. ecological hurdles. have never raised their voices against the Tibetan genocide). the West was gradually going to put all its chips on the Chinese. But is the West ready to pay the price for that impatience? Because finally.2 million Tibetans. prison. the West conveniently forgot that the Chinese had killed 1. has recently proved. when the Chinese invaded this wonderful. most of them ancient. of which Bombay was supposed to be only the first of a series? Is this a warning of the Muslim word to Hindu India? But who are the fundamentalists? Who are the murderers? Who are the Nazis? Who are the Hitlers? 13. of the bombings attempts. which boasted the highest spiritualised society in the world (although quite feudal). 6254 monasteries. none of the Gulf countries have forgotten India's support to Iraq during the Gulf war. it is the whole Muslim world which secretly or overtly has felt insulted and humiliated. such as releasing a handful of dissident student leaders (who by the way. clever as they are. nuclear threats). The Chinese. Take Tibet for instance. has mended her ways with Israel. torture . but the United States preferred to forget it as fast as possible. will bring enormous returns.or indirectly: concentration camps. In the process. Tianamen. Furthermore.totalitarian tools to the monarchies. as the sudden crumbling of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. they must have known when the Memons entered the country and exactly where they were staying. has always been duped by China. Yet they chose to let them go and now « Tiger » Memon has gone into hiding in Pakistan and India will probably never see him again and solve the mystery of the Bombay blasts. waiting impatiently to place their green dollars in the huge Chinese slot machine. historical and cultural archives have been 93 . 60% of religious. China remains a communist country with a dictatorial leadership.3. death squads. political and economical. CHINA It is the infamous 1972 "historical trip" of Richard Nixon to Peking which set the trend: henceforth. since the BJP’s coming to power. peace loving nation. showed again openly the totalitarian face of Chinese communism. What is going to happen to the billions of dollars of Western investment.

where thanks to their spiritual leader's guidance.in many places such as the capital.at her disposal for her greedy appetite. And ultimately India and China will be the only superpowers left with Japan in their shadow. This raises several important questions. particularly the United States. 90 Intermediate Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. and the other still be a communist dictatorship. it might be soon Taiwan which will be swallowed back by China. And did not Senator Galbraith say after the exploding of Yugoslavia that "India is next"? Actually it makes sense to view that external threat by making a 94 . (through Jawarlhal Nehru). both in terms of the tremendous cost of keeping an occupation army and the harm done to its international image? The answer is simple: China has transferred one third of its nuclear arsenal to Nagchuka.Who? Russia and India! But Russia's back is broken and it is no more a danger to China and it is thus towards North Indian cities that most of the nuclear missiles are pointed. Tibetan medicine and arts. Do you think these statistics come from the Tibetans themselves? No at all. China seems to be the direct adversary of India. The West. the Tibetans were able to recreate a small Tibet. a region full of huge caves.. complete with Government in exile. because being on a high plateau. One Tibetan out of ten is still in jail. There are two reasons to it: The first is that this part of Tibet is always covered by a thick blanket of clouds. the question remains: can Indians trust the Chinese? There are two superpowers in the making in Asia: India and China. which vitally need US and Western political support for the growth of their economy: after Tibet and Hong-Kong. can be complete without a mention of the threat from the Western world.. 13. 25O kms away from Lhassa. And the second and most important. with a formidable military arsenal -nuclear and otherwise. And do you know why China is ready to pay such a heavy price for Tibet. But the Chinese have never forgiven India for their generosity and compassion towards the Tibetans. THE WEST And finally no chapter on the threat to India from without. which makes it extremely difficult for the spy satellites. And although some progress has been made. monasteries. which the Chinese have linked together by an intricate underground network and where they have placed installed. adopted by the United States Congress on the 16th May 1989 and they have been substantiated by the American Secret Services.. It is actually the only real thing that is left of Tibetan culture and civilisation today -and if ever the Tibetans recuperate Tibet. Tibetans are outnumbered two to one. both economically and militarily -and not Pakistan as the Indian Government wants its citizens to believe.4. welcomed the Dalaï-Lama and his followers in 1959 and allowed them to settle in Dharamsala. Lhassa. is that Tibet is of a great strategic military importance to China.. it overlooks. schools. it will have to be re-transplanted to what has become a near completely Chinese Tibet.destroyed.. it will drag in recession many of the so-called tigers of Asia. A quarter million Chinese troops are occupying Tibet. which seems sometimes to unconsciously wish a divided and weakened India.5 million Chinese settlers for six million Tibetans. India in her generosity. seems to have lost the absolute predominance it used to enjoy and with its slow decline. But one will be a democratic country.. They are part of Resolution Number 63. according to American Intelligence estimates. There are today In Tibet 7.

their greatest sin in the eyes of the US. often alone. and much later. Serbia. thanks to Charles Martlel’s victory in 732 and Serbian Kings like Obrnovic. As it is.5. while assimilating the Arab influence. say between Palestine and Kashmir. as it did in the African and Asian continents. But in 1389. 13. united the Serbs against the Turks and his son Michel Obrnovic II finally obtained the independence of Serbia in 1867. the Arab world never got a strong foothold on the European continent. Christian kings had retaken the whole of Spain and the country was able to develop around European lines. a great nation. except in two places: Spain in the 8th century. with incalculable consequences for its culture. Without this crushing victory. had developed a wonderful empire. Once more. For make no mistake about it: the tears that the West shed a few years back on Bosnia and on the ethnic cleansing of Muslims are crocodile tears. the good work of Charles Martel and Milos Obrenivic have been rendered to naught by the Nato forces and the United States of America… Today we see the same thing happening in Russia which is waging a desperate battle against Muslim fundamentalism in Chechnya: the West is applying all kind of pressures so that it stops its military action. history and future. Henceforth. a bastion of Western and Christian culture in Eastern Europe. THE BLACK KARMA OF THE WEST IN KOSOVO In 732 AD. religion. But by the 13h century. as these were the closest to the Ottoman empire of today’s Turkey. for instance). the capital of France. as both have been equated. can be found in these two countries (because there are other “White” Muslims” in Crimea. thus giving Muslim fundamentalism a chance to spread like a cancer. or even Yugoslavia and India. who alone have a sense of identity and history and who have retained some of their communist commitments. whose kingdom reached till Greece. Thus. the whole of Europe would have become Muslim. 329 km south-west of Paris. Which means in effect. the Turks beat his armies in Kosovo (does that name strike anything ?) The Serbian empire. Kings like Milos Obrenovic I. which culminated in the 14th century with Emperor Dulsan. which embodies the best of the Slav spirit. French King Charles Martel stopped the Arab onslaught in Europe at Poitiers. that the only real European Muslims (by Europe we mean today’s ECC). and was never washed out by the Muslim onslaught. resisted. in part of the Balkans. What the West wanted first was the complete destruction of a unified Yugoslavia. Islam was never able to penetrate the European continent and Europe owes today its distinct Greco-Roman and Christian culture to these brave men… But unfortunately.parallel. or being killed 95 . there only remained in the hands of Islam parts the Balkans (of which Yugoslavia and Albania concentrated the maximum presence). which gives it today this extraordinary eastern atmosphere. which was one of the most enlightened communist countries and to break the back of the Serbs. unique in Europe.TV’s all over the world are showing images of Chechen civilians in refugee camps.

thus turning western opinion against the “evil Russians”. How short a memory Europe has !!!). Milosevic is a manipulating and bloodthirsty leader. Viewing the Chechnya problem from this angle. still thirsty for domination in Europe.by blind bombardments. a militant and violent creed.. infidels. The atrocities committed over the centuries by the Arabs and Muslim armies in what is known today as Yugoslavia.) It is true also that Yeltsin may have been be a corrupt vodka-soaked leader whom the United States supported. the millions of people taken in slavery. whose refinements and achievements were unsurpassed in their days . he explained that like an individual. because they thought they were ‘impure’. a strong “nationalistic” leader).and that sooner or later. a nation commits during different cycles bad karma. even as the 21st century draws near : in Chechnya. where Hindus. at the same time. of course. come back together. while Nato was bombing them out of their minds. evil actions . When asked what was a black karma. a people who killed six million Jews. which does not tolerate other religions and views all others as “kafirs”. In the same way.about whom the US does not give a damn. many of the Muslim Croats and Albanians ganged up with the Nazis and killed thousands of innocent Serbs.and there are much more needy refugees in the world . by being the first to recognise Croatia. in the same place. On top of that. like the Serbs. in spite of the forced attempts at conversion. but also in Algeria or in Kashmir. The Dalai lama often said that the present sufferings of the Tibetan people were due to a “black karma”. to pay for their bad karma. . who went in for ethnic cleansing to solve the Kosovo problem. no doubt the Serbs have committed many atrocities in Kosovo. where there are many Germans and which sided with nazi Germany. gives a totally different picture than the one portrayed by the West. For whatever can be said about the greatness of Islam . are numerous and well documented. Hence the bloody jihads Muslims are still leading all over the world. many of whom had enrolled in the underground against the dark forces which Germany was then incarnating (how strange that fifty years later. all those who have participated in these collective unholy acts. bloody and terrible karma they exerted on Yugoslavia for hundreds 96 . the killing of men by the thousands. resisted the Muslims invaders. because it served their purpose to have a weak Russia. committing a genocide on the “good” Chechens. the rapes.and there is no doubt that it fostered powerful civilisations and empires. But from a Buddhist point of view. in the same country. no doubt the plight of the Kosovo refugees was sad (but it was highly publicised by the western media and used by Nato as a propaganda tool to justify the terrible bombing of the innocent Yugoslavians . an interesting parallel to do with India. No doubt.the religion of Mohammed remains. can play such an important role in Nato. even today. very few know that the Germans. during the second world war. There is actually. were not the Kosovars (and today the Chechens) paying for the long. which will never challenge for years to come America’s hegemony (and this is why today they do not like Putin. partly triggered the Yugoslav conflict.

India should make sure that the same thing does not happen to her with Kashmir. should have read the book of Samuel Huntington “The clash of civilisations”.they will have to pay for it. which in turn is helped by the Chinese. also a pro-western. where they left an utter mess. the West has made sure that the enemy is now in the heart of Europe.and also its biggest drawback . reasonably democratic nation. who have not yet learnt a little bit of Christian charity). This trend had already started in India.contrary to the Hindus. Is the West mad then. But if you scratch a little bit and give them some time. which is now battling in Kashmir the fundamentalist side of Islam. highly democratic power. When even in the 20th 97 . Maybe Mr Xavier Solana. the great plunderers of the Third World. is one of the biggest backers of the Kosovar people. never once pronounced the word ‘muslim’ during their war . killing innocent beings. are guilty of a double standard when they of condemn India in Kashmir. which has been armed by the western powers. as incarnated by Pakistan. were not the Muslims getting back a fraction of what they had done to the Serbs ? What the US and Otan have done in Yugoslavia is morally WRONG : it is thus BAD KARMA for Europe to bear. when Muslims go on rampage against Hindus). whatever the colour of his skin (that is.whatever hypocrite noises the Otan makes about it) nation to the Muslims in Europe ? And make no mistake about it : one of the great traits of Islam . if today the West hands over on a gold platter a fully autonomous (and sooner or later fully independent . who gave it its nuclear bomb and ballistic missiles to carry it. if you noticed. factories. Already. wherever he is. they consider all other religions as “infidel” and that the jihad is still a sacred concept to them. The Kosovar Muslims might look reassuring and harmless to the eyes of the Otan (whom. that it has the never heard about the snake that bites the hand which feeds him ? The Kosovo quagmire and its disastrous consequences will take decades to solve. which the United States considers as a ‘soft’ Muslim nation.is that a Muslim is a Muslim. destroying bridges. For what was the point of Charles Martel stopping the Arabs in 732 and Michel Obrnovic II defeating the kalifat.of years ? Or to put it in a more cartesian and down to earth mould. but which actually sponsors international terrorism. even if it is beginning to show its true face. he helps his kindred brothers and sisters . already you can see the ruthlessness and ultimate motives of the Kosovo Liberation Army. you will quickly realise that like any Muslims. It is morally wrong not to support Russia in its fight against Muslim fundamentalism in Chechenya And one day . He would have seen that Hutington had correctly predicted that in the 21st century there will be a clash between two civilisations : the West and Islam (with China sometimes siding with Islam for self interest purposes). before embarking upon his ‘holy’ war on a traditionally pro-western. The Western nations. Christian. By allowing an independent Kosovo. witness the recent massacre of Serb civilians. one can see that Saudi Arabia.if the Dalai lama’s theory about black karma is right . who not so long ago they were the great colonisers.it’s a bit like Indian newspapers saying ‘one community attacked another community’.

century the British to retain the Falkland islands, thousands of miles away from Great Britain, fought a war and killed innocent Argentineans in the process. If the United States could invade Panama because it felt its interests are threatened there, if France battles to keep Corsica in its fold, an island which could as well belong to Italy, why should not India retain what has been hers for 5000 years? The Indian army is fighting a guerrilla war in Kashmir, and there are bound to be casualties on both sides. So what? The world did not shed a tear about the 100.000 Iraqi soldiers killed during the Gulf war, many of them fleeing the allied forces. Will tomorrow the US use the UN forces in Kashmir, as in Bosnia, or Somalia? India should learn a few lessons from the Chinese, who, whatever their faults, take no nonsense from the world and just plod on steadily on the course they have chartered for themselves. India is one of the oldest and proudest civilisations of this earth and they have nothing to be ashamed of. Let India stand up and protect herself both from internal as well as external threats, with determination and confidence.

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13.6 The Nuclear bomb Thanks to the atomic explosions in the Pokhara desert of 1998, India has today the nuclear bomb ? But should India freeze her Integrated Missile Programme, under the pressure of the United States (as she seems to have already partially done) ? Should India sign the CTBT and scrap her potential nuclear power and delivery clout ? All weapons of war are a perversion of man’s greed and the ultimate symbol of the misuse he has achieved over matter. Thus, ideally, they should all be banned, or else slowly phased out until we all live in a weapon-less world, for the simple reason that they would not be needed anymore and that man would have outgrown their folly. Therefore, more than anything, the atom bomb symbolises that folly, because at a single stroke, at the simple push of one button by a misguided hand, or though the order of a mad leader, thousands of lives can be obliterated in a single second, entire cities be wiped out in a single flash. The film, the Day After, has given us an inkling of that terror, a glimpse of that horror. The atom Bomb also demonstrates the limit of man’s command over matter. For what use is that material mastery to man, when he has no control over his impulses, when he is still unable not only to love his human brothers, but even to reason with himself not to use his domination over matter to harm others. And ultimately, his might may slip out of his hands, because material mastery without inner control is incomplete and dangerous. For this and many other reasons, should not India then voluntarily forsake nuclear power and cap its missile programme and become a true non-violent country, in the spirit of the Mahatma Gandhi ? But have those who are pushing this theory forward read properly the Baghvad Gita ? For once more, what does the Baghavad tell us ? It does not say, as Christians do, or as the Mahatma purported, that all violence is wrong. It asserts that when violence is absolutely necessary, when it is used for defending one’s country, one’s wife, brothers, sisters, then it becomes Dharma -duty- and is acceptable, as long as it is done with the right attitude in one’s heart. India, as we have just seen, is facing multiple threats from without by hostile nations, armed with both conventional and atomic weapons. The Islamic bomb, assembled by Pakistan with Arab financing, is the first one of these. The other nuclear threat India is facing is coming from China. Nehru’s policy of « Hindi-Chini-bhai-bhai » was a disaster: China attacked India by surprise and took away 20.000 square kilometres of her territory. And today India is still making the same mistake of trusting the Chinese and it recognises the Chinese claim on Tibet, a wholly independent country, which always acted the perfect buffer zone between herself and China. The Indian Government also knows that many Chinese nuclear missiles are positioned on the Tibetan plateau and pointed towards the North Indian cities. For this and many other reasons, India should for the moment develop its nuclear

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military programme, in spite of the increasing pressure from the West, particularly the United States. India needs again Kshatriyas to defend herself, not businessmen, or intellectuals who will sell down their country’ security for a few more million dollars investments and a pat on the back from Uncle Sam. It is to be hoped that India will realise that surrendering to America’s pressure would jeopardise her unity and open her for dismemberment. For her nuclear and missile programmes are not meant for aggression -once gain in her 7000 year history, India was never an aggressor- but as a deterrent to protect herself, to show her enemies that she means business and that she will retaliate in case of first attack. It is a sad reality of the world today, and India has got to take it in consideration. Let India be strong, powerful, nuclear even, but as dharma, because it is her duty to protect her children.

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It even feels sometimes as if the wonder that is India.Chapter 14 : « The Horror that is India » Indians cannot solely blame internal and external threats for their country’s ills. has become « the Horror that is India ». Politicians in India (and often elsewhere). such as Murali Manohar Joshi. which is made fun of by the whole country. they are exceptions: men of talent and integrity. gross people. sometimes looks as if it has become an impossible riddle. particularly in the small regional parties. a folly which drained many states’ coffers. pass exams. people and ecology would be the ones. India should adapt a 101 . inefficient men. the fulfilment of Sanatana Dharma its only Swaraj. as in UP and Bihar. It is the civil servants who control matters. Harijans against Brahmins. who know their subject thoroughly.89). or in the Congress. Some of the BJP’s ministers. ». who strive to serve India to the best of their abilities. whatever his shortcomings. crass materialism will have the last word. India seems to have forgotten its eternal truth and Indians appear to be constantly turning their back to the 5000 year old soul of their nation. overpopulation. princes and kings were Kshatriyas. Thus. the Wonder that was India has become perverted at the hands of Indian themselves. at the beginning of this Third millenium. For today. wrote Sri Aurobindo in 1911 (India’s rebirth. corrupt. study. In the old times. who are only interested in minting the maximum money in the minimum of time. can still be revived. Ministers have customarily no idea about the department they are overseeing. They are frequently uneducated. who are technocrats first and politicians second. have shown that the ancient notion of seva. are most of the time ignorant. or of playing Muslims against Hindus. such as promising rice for 3 RS a kilo. If one were to pick up three domains of today’s Indian horror.1. then slowly climb up the hierarchy. their duty was to serve the nation and high ideals were held in front of them by the Brahmins and rishis who advised them. There should be also exams to become a politician (but what if they are rigged like in UP !). ugliness. 14. India. Of course. lording over much more educated men. You have to work hard to become a civil servant. The politician just jumps from being a lowly clerk. there is also corruption). where corruption. was a king elected by its own people Yet what has happened to Indian politicians ? Today we see. where all politicians come from fancy schools. who have lost track of the good of the nation they are supposed to serve. The Buddha’s father for instance. elected on the strength of demagogic pledges. or some uneducated zamindar to become a powerful Minister. Politicians « Spirituality is India’s only politics. poverty. Nowadays. selfless work for the nation. a minimum of knowledge and skills should be required of the man who says he wants to serve the nation (but it must be said that in France for instance. hereby gaining experience. then certainly politicians. bureaucracy. Indian politicians have often become a caricature.

including many foreigners. But once again perversion has taken over. instead of attending to the problems of its common citizens. and man. no leader in the world. the political animal. where each year. even if its is more modest than a Jumbo jet ? India after all is a poor country… Politicians who are afraid of dying. The protection that most politicians enjoy today. airlines even. And what about the habit of Indian Prime Ministers and Presidents to charter a full jumbo jet from Air India for their travels abroad? And when a technical snag occurs. used to go out at night to his favourite restaurant with only two bodyguards. and one still remembers how Francois Mitterrand. waiting endlessly in our cars. it has been calculated that there are more leave days (holidays. who all of them should be sent to guard Kargil in winter. France. In Madhya Pradesh for example. even the President of the United Sates.Presidential system. And what about the habit of Indian politicians of declaring holidays at the drop of the hat ? India must be the place in the world where there are the most samadhis. enormous amounts of time and money are wasted to celebrate the death anniversaries of people which have been completely forgotten and who often did not achieve anything worthwhile in their lifetimes. how we all suffer at the hands of VIP’s. should remember what Krishna tells Arjuna in the the Bhagavad Gita : “the body is just an envelope and the soul never 102 . is as protected as the Indian Prime Minister. 5 minutes of silence in all offices should be enough to pay respect to the memory of any important figure who dies. as Air India’s planes have a round the clock schedule. President Chirac. as the Honourable Sonia Gandhi passes by. where the President can chose his Ministers. the PM finds it quite normal to requisition another one on the spot. or in planes. or of being rudely treated by these arrogant and useless Blacks Cats.there has been numerous deadly attacks against its railways. strikes. as the PM’s aircraft is landing. for instance. who are not particularly targeted by terrorists. how 70% of the Indian police is tied-up by VIP protection. which has got its fair share of Islamic fundamentalism . leave). does not move around with an army of rude and brutish security men. bandhs. Today. who will not be necessarily MP’s. shopping plazas. has learnt to cope with security in an efficient and discreet manner. Cannot the Prime Minister have his own plane. the previous President. so they get a taste of what real security is about. than working days ! There is also nothing which symbolises better the degeneration of Indian politicians than the VIP syndrome. throwing into disarray hundreds of passengers. it sprang from a sincere desire to protect future Indian VIP’s from such a fate. Everything has already been said about the hassles that VIP security has created in India : the status symbol it has become for people like Mulayam Singh. was born out of the trauma of seeing Indira Gandhi killed by her own bodyguards and Rajiv Gandhi wasted by a human bomb. has misused what was in the beginning a genuine movement.

of the occult truth behind the appearances? Does not the present government understand that if it would address itself seriously to the problems of VIP security and tone it down DRASTICALLY. which has become one of the most expensive Real Estate property 103 . only when she accepts that she made a mistake by adapting blindly all the political structures which the British had put in place to govern this country. was most evident during the plague of 94. or how the LTTE always manages to get the Sinhalese and Tamil leaders it targets. that she will get rid of the bureaucrats (*) who are eating up her entrails. It is only when India will see through the shortcomings of democracy.dies. So why fear death ? Does India always have to ape the West. which have been adapted to today’s problems. that an efficient and honest government will spring from her bosom.2. in the old Kshatryia spirit. ready to do service to Mother India.. But whatever happened to the collective consciousness of the nation ? The gap between the very rich and the extremely poor is constantly widening nowadays. have one of the best security in Asia ? However a good and wise leader they are – most of India’s politicians are pretty old . being trained by the Israelis. however sophisticated can do about it ? Remember how Ronald Reagan. because what did it show us ? That in the Malabar Hill district in Bombay. People Individually. 14. India will get rid of her corrupt politicians. then it will be their karma. by seeing in practice how helpless it is to make nations blessed. thanks in part to the economic liberalisation. If only the very fortunate would care for their less flourishing brethren.and India being such a vast and ancient country. a divine warning. » (India’s rebirth. This widening gap. it would acquire the party tremendous goodwill from the people and as many votes as wining the Kargil war ? And finally one has to quote again from the great Avatar of our era: « I have no doubt we shall have to go through our Parliamentary period in order to get rid of the notion of western democracy. but is born and reborn again to complete its works”. it is only when India starts experimenting with her own ancient systems... It is only when this foolishness is done with. innate spirituality. this sickening unconcern about the other. the most protected man in the world was shot. Indians are the most wonderful people in the world: full of hospitality. although the Sri Lankan.89) And truly. Do they not know that if they are going to die tomorrow at the hands of an assassin. gentleness. But it needs Mother Theresas’ and books like the City of Joy to remind us that the dirty work in India cannot be done by its own people. including around the Prime Minister. when it has such deep knowledge in itself of the reality beyond the reality. that truth will have a chance to emerge and a really strong spiritual movement begin as a prelude to India’s regeneration. P.. This plague was actually a boon. there will always be other “vibhoutis” to replace them if they were to be assassinated. that it has been written somewhere in the book of Destiny and that there is nothing that any security in the world.

And it is not only the poor.. to reach safely on its roads from one point to an other. Look also how Indians are in the habit of pushing other people. he was told: with luck ! And it is true that there is some divine grace in India. Look how they drive. And did India learn anything from the plague ? Unfortunately. there lies one of the worst slums of Bombay and that none of privileged who live in Malabar had a thought for them during the plague. 104 . borne out of the centuries of tapasaya o its yogis. by keeping lakhs of black money.per square foot in the world. Glimpse how the Indian man is often cheating. social and ecological catastrophe. India is a wealthy country. Where is all this money going? Again lack of discipline. by jumping at the head of the queue. And does not the way one drive. Truck and bus drivers in India. not because it is too poor to process it and store it properly. BECAUSE THE TAMAS IN THIS COUNTRY IS SO VAST. That next to Malabar. or the rich man who swindles the Income tax. asked his Indian counterpart how it was done in India. witness the checking in at airports. The poverty is only there because of the mismanagement. whether it is to enter a plane. the tamas and the inheritance of wrong structures. disregard for what one’s egoism will do to the country. The country is still as filthy. And they don’t save in abstract concepts: they go in for solid gold. but also those of incoming traffic. THAT NOBODY GIVES A DAMN FOR THE OTHER.. who said that everything happens in his country with guts. SO DEEPLY INGRAINED IN THE COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS. without thinking twice what it will do to those who live near it (a dynamic District Collector has since then improved things). the dishonesty. the change not tendered exactly. cash and that from the little shopkeeper to the business magnate. who have this habit. Indians show also very little civic sense in other domains of their life. everything is back as before and Indians have not understood that the wealth of the country has to be shared to avoid a human. BUT BECAUSE IT DOES NOT CARE. must be unconsciously knowing it. without a second thought. thanks to the diamond trade. one of the richest cities of India. Or how they so innocently ignore those who have been queuing for hours at some railway counter. That India is a vast dump of garbage. gold and jewels in his house. They park most of the time in the middle of the road when they have to stop. people were still dumping their garbage on the street. routinely overtake in curves endangering not only their passengers’ lives. its citizens let the most filthiest filth accumulate. or exit a cinema. show a nation’s vital soul? When an Israeli. For make no mistakes. Dishonesty is also a lack of collective discipline. when he could very well afford to pay a little more taxes and put his money in his bank? It is said like this that one third of India’s wealth is in the black. but also the rich. land. For Indians must be with the Jews the best savers in the world. And the bus driver who overtakes in the curve. lack of concern for the nation. the answer is no. whether it is the cement which is mixed with ashes. without any concern for those who are coming behind They drive us deaf with their constant blaring horns and generally have a total disregard for the others. That in Surat.

it has become a sports superpower in all areas.And finally. This will ensure automatically that cricketers get less sponsorship and have to concentrate on home turf. televisions and even the Government have concentrated so much only on cricket at the expense of all the other sports. And it should evolve a bold and clear plan for developing other sports. such as cricket. will train in miserable conditions. that corruption and cheating have set in and a big scandal emerged when it was revealed that Cronje. sponsors. have a coherent and comprehensive program which would build world-class athletes in two decades? Because of cricket! And it is so unfair: athletes. bare table tennis. There is so much money. Cricket has become an obsession here and has totally vampirized all the other sports in India. get a pittance as sponsorship and often have to work full or part time in some obscure Government jobs. are often arrogant and still manage to lose most of the time! The Indian Government should restrict the number of international matches played by Indian cricketers happening both within and outside India. get millions of rupees in sponsorship and advertisement. the country that gave to the world hata-yoga. had taken money from an Indian bookie to lose a match . the South African captain. India is nowhere on the international area of sports and its standard is pathetic if not ridiculous in all sports except for another two other British legacies: tennis and hockey. It is not a game intended for a tropical country where you stand for hours under a blistering sun with frenzied fans screaming their approval or displeasure. 14. But look at China. her politicians will change.3. another area where Indians have miserably failed is Sports. but in a span of thirty years. And what happened in India ? It thrives in sports inherited from the British. Compare this to cricketers who are often spoilt brats. her people will rise. Why can’t India. or even pranayama. which is now spreading like wildfire all over the planet. Then only will India become a superpower in sports. Is India heading towards ecological disaster ? All right: India is going to overcome its colossal indiscipline. in the early eighties it also could not compete in any discipline. such as swimming. even in some where disciplines not suited to their morphology. which has been copied the world over. One sees the energy of a nation in sports. such as long distance runners. which is meant to be played in a cool weather on a green English meadow with a few spectators who shout “jolly good” from time to time. who stay in five star hotels. she will also last through all internal and 105 . while sipping lemonade. a game which is a colonial legacy. trying as much as possible to bypass bureaucracy which stifle and kill all the good plans (it would maybe make sense to privatize some of the areas such as training).

and movements led by Medha Patkar. After all. Thus. in connivance with the contractors. particularly the saw mill owners and the Forest Department. are all examples of these criminal wrongdoing. or the lawyer Mehta. called the "East Coast Road". the Narmada Dam.. bottles. that all living life will long have disappeared from it. Shri Baghuna. And unfortunately. the Mother of so many saints. the thinning of underwater tables and the increasing desertification of India.. poets. there is a growing ecological awareness in India. except imported mineral water. which although it claims that it does selective tree felling. But for what ? By the middle of this century there will be no more forest cover left in India. has absolutely no understanding of ecological balance. revolutionaries. whatever foreigners and India's own "secular" Indians say. who was the only serious Environment Minister India ever had. India's cities will be so polluted by their millions of cars that it will be impossible to breathe any more. philosophers. How could the Central Government approve of a road so harmful to India's interests? Fortunately. the soul-stifling British colonial rule -and 40 years of "secular" socialism. it has already passed through the unspeakable barbarism of countless Muslim invaders. the greatest culprits of the massive deforestation.. fields have been bulldozed. Many experts have already pointed out that hardly 11% of India's classified forests have adequate density.). great artists. And of these. are the politicians. the dwindling of animal life. entire villages sometimes are to be expropriated. the cradle of the mighty Vedas. each year India loses through deforesting a territory bigger than France. The main culprits of the deforestation are the contractors. And India will be littered with so much plastic (bags. because of population pressure. and industries. etc. only 3% is protected. there have never been as many harmful projects to ecology as lately. annihilating all efforts. bare for Maneka Gandhi. The Konkan railway. But without doubt. will survive. witness how Veerapan was able to plunder the forests of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka for ten years. India's rivers will be so poisoned by industries. Its population will have long crossed the billion and half mark and will overflow everywhere. And even that 3% is in deep distress. which will create havoc with India's coast line? Already thousands of trees have been cut on the Mahabalipuram-Pondichery stretch.) This is 21st century India for you. stifling any progress. There will be no drinking water left. the land of Bharat. buckets. who are 106 .external threats. who in turn bribe the forest officers. big dams (like the Narmada). 1/3 of India's area was still forested. that is nearly two million hectares. that it will be materially impossible to ever get rid of them (indeed the land of Bharat should be renamed « the civilisation of plastic ». Did you know for instance that the Asian Development Bank is funding a four-lane highway between Calcutta and Kanyakumari. houses have been destroyed. In 1950.. the ones with big money. the increase of the prawn farms.

recreating in a few seasons a fertile topsoil. with no trees left. maybe. to bathe in it is to purify oneself of all bad karma. creating huge canyons and the water table had gone extremely low. Thus the water table slowly went up again. washed away all the good topsoil in the sea. Then. or even the British.doing wonderful work. Look at Auroville. Auroville was a barren plateau of red earth. whether it is the terrible ugliness of the cities in Punjab. they let their dead float down the mighty river. The Ganges seems to be the perfect illustration of a religion which enjoins a thousand purification rites and yet has allowed her own Mother earth to be defiled. and villagers have so much firewood. Here is a river that Hindus have held most sacred for centuries. nay millenniums. their work is doom. a harmful tree. to die here is to be reborn in Light.. But ultimately. for once. Today Auroville is a vast forest. that they do not cut trees any more. the Hindus are to blame. and where a 1000 people from 25 countries live together. started rotting on the ground. protecting them with thorns from goats and cows. Yet these same villagers still keep on planting cashewnut crops.. We have seen for instance how India has been forced to adopt certain environmental measures just out of greed. mostly foreigners. is it fair to blame only the politicians. except a few palms and one or two banyans. The early Aurovillians. first stopped the rain water from washing into the sea by erecting earth bunds wherever they could. animal life has come back. which has grown a tremendous ecological concern and developed various ways of fighting against the physical degradation of our planet. for once. which is its very soul? So. even when the task looks hopeless. When these trees started growing up. AS IF THEY THOUGHT THAT THE SPIRITUAL PURITY OF THE WATER CAN NEVER BE OBLITERATED BY MATERIAL DIRTINESS. But ask any scientist what is the degree of pollution in the Ganges today and he will also tell you that it is near the point of return. which has to be sprayed many times with deadly pesticides and 107 . who started the massive deforestation for their railways and killed hundreds of thousands of tigers ? Is there not something else in the Indian psyche that is to blame? Where is the root of this massive unconcern for one's environment. the canyons are slowly filling up. they proceeded to plant a million trees. And. which with the help of rain water. they shed their leaves. this total disregard for beauty. when European countries refused for instance to accept any textile export which was not ozo free. But they often stand alone. the International city near Pondichery founded by the Mother of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1968. has shown how fast the earth can be redeemed. which are a mortal danger to India's ecology. because as long as the people of India will not be educated. they throw in all their refuse. India should copy the West. or leather which was not chemically poisoned. Yet old temples still showed records of a once abundant land with forests and wildlife. But indiscriminate tree cutting and heavy monsoons. When the first settlers arrived. Yet what do all Hindus do with their sacred Ganges? They defecate in it. or the appalling filthiness in Tamil Nadu ?. What will happen to India if it loses the Ganges.

unable to manifest itself. hospital refuse and other non-disposable trash. 108 . But as every one knows.S. A word must be said about Aids. Then in turn. As for drug addiction. of which incidentally many happen to be Christians. which went wrong and spread in Africa before reaching Europe and the rest of the world ? Nobody will probably ever know the truth. Without its land.whose only value is its international market price. when they have intercourse with their wives. India will be like a great soul without a body. when talking about disasters. the Indian Government has got to educate its villagers on the value of the sacred land that is India. Let us hope that once more India's Dharma will protect her from another threat. P. prostitutes. World Health organisations are very fond of saying that India has the greatest reservoir of HIV contaminated cases -some even speak about 10 millions. India is slowly killing its most precious possession. Aids seems to be the scourge of the 21st century. the great black plague of our era. hypodermic syringes of drug addicts and. one-sided homosexuality is a Western phenomenon and it is brought in India by westernised Indians. Yet homosexuality is not very common in India's villages. again it is not common in Indian villages. which comprise 80% of the population. particularly in big cities like Bombay. those men who have contacted it will bring it in the villages. Aids spreads mainly through three avatars: homosexuality. mixed with plastic bags. Why the emergence of this sudden dreaded disease? Is it because man has gone against Nature in the last sixty years and Nature always has the last word? Is Aids the outcome of some secret genetic manipulation on monkeys for biological warfare purpose. as no Muslim invader or European coloniser. Remain the prostitutes who constitute the greatest threat of spreading the disease. ever managed to do. except in the Eastern border States. Yet villagers still let rain water flow in the sea and use cheap compost. this one so insidious and deadly that it could create havoc among its youth. EDUCATION is the word.

And this. go on spending billions and billions of dollars on getting ready to fight each other. yet they have to learn to live together and they WILL cohabit together in the future. it is hoped will remind us of Sri Aurobindo's warning in 1947. which turned a blind eye to the terrorists who hijacked an Indian Airlines flight in December 1999.CHAPTER 15 : INDIA OUTSIDE: TRUE FEDERALISM Pakistan today appears to be the first dilemma which is always confronting India outside. The major challenge she is facing at her borders stems mainly from Pakistan. as in Assam. from the shame of that division. although they denied it for years..For without it the destiny of India might be seriously impaired and frustrated. Pakistan's hand appears to be everywhere: in Kashmir. For if it lasts. which we quote again. Pakistan seems also sometimes to be winning the propaganda battle which projects India as an oppressor. YET IT SHOULD BECOME CLEAR TO ALL. but also Punjab in the eighties. civil strife may remain always possible.. whether in Kashmir or Punjab. in the separatist movements in the East. constantly repeat Indian leaders. or as anything more than a temporary expedient. because of its total relevance today: "India is free. they the brothers that lived together through seven millenniums of one of the greatest civilisations of this earth? For are not Pakistanis as much as Indians part of the same 'Indu' soil." (Message of Sri Aurobindo on the 15th of August 1947). are not Pakistan and India part of the same soul? Are not Pakistanis and Indians of the same colour. culture. a nation which tramples on Human Rights. which are but two names for the same Infinite Reality. you cannot change history. Why should Indian and Pakistan. So what if they worship two different Gods.The whole communal division into Hindu and Muslim seems to have hardened into a figure of a permanent political division of the country. in Bangladesh today.. the same customs in many ways? In truth. BUT 109 .. with its particular ethos. possible even a new invasion and foreign conquest. or one Sindhi from the other Sindhi.. or Indian Muslims? All right. or in Nepal. only a fissured and broken freedom. The partition of the country must go. It is to be hoped that the Congress and the Nation will not accept the settled fact as for ever settled. many of them seem to have sprung from that partition.. as they know they cannot beat India in a conventional war. from the cowardly assent to the terrible maiming of Mother India. of course. WHICH COULD EVEN DRAG THE WORLD IN ITS HORROR. you cannot really differentiate one Punjabi from the other Punjabi. Indian political leaders always find the shadow of their enemy. Pakistan has evolved its own identity and it stands on his own as a nation. which would probably be started by Pakistan. BUT THE ONLY WAY TO AVOID A NUCLEAR CONFLICT IN SOUTH ASIA. ethnic stock? Have they not the same food habits. India may be seriously weakened.who today call themselves Pakistanis. two developing countries. before the Muslims came and forcibly converted so many. even crippled. but she has not achieved unity. killing each other. which was the land of Bharat. And even if Pakistan's hand is not there. And if you look closely at India's woes since 1947. This is what marks out 120 million Muslims from their 800 million Hindu brothers. But. which most Indian political leaders have accepted as a permanent 'fait accompli'. THAT NOT ONLY THE ONLY LASTING SOLUTION TO PEACE IN THE SUBCONTINENT. except for his religion. But the greatest shadow over South Asia is the threat of a nuclear holocaust. That must not be. IS THE REUNION OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN.

because we have no illusion that this will be an easy process. and separatist movements in both India and Pakistan. But as long as the two countries do not understand the urgency of reunification. as they have already done of India. Hinduism and Islam. Bangladesh is the exemplary instance of that meaninglessness. which would be a prelude to an eventual reunification of India and Pakistan in a loose confederation of which the Kashmir joint experiment would be the model and the guinea pig. and Ayodhyas and bomb blasts. But the reunification of India and Pakistan will be only the first step.and everyone will be the loser: who will have Kashmir then if there is nothing left of India and Pakistan? If the absurdity of the whole Kashmir business is seen in that light.ALSO. But the beautiful thing is that Kashmir. For they are part of the same soul. is there to show the way to the Light. with immense possibilities at all levels. not an idiotic splitting in two of Kashmir. where things are most difficult between India and Pakistan: in Kashmir. although it looks like the perfect dead-end. THAT THE ONLY WAY INDIA IS GOING TO REGAIN HER GREATNESS THAT WAS. the absolute dead-end. Pakistan will not surrender its claim on the Valley. but which on its own. India will not surrender Kashmir. an acceptance of that possibility. because ultimately the goal is the reunification of ALL that was once the Greater India and which is today only small fragmented countries with no real soul. LET BOTH INDIA AND PAKISTAN ADMINISTER KASHMIR. the other covertly. EVEN MORE. Thus. There can be no peace in the subcontinent until India and Pakistan are reunited. Once the idea has started to work among people. no sense. The question is: how? It certainly cannot be done in a day and it cannot be accomplished in a hurried and artificial manner. and bloated military budgets heavily taxing the economy. no direction. then India and Pakistan might agree to sit down and hammer out. the one openly. to stake their claims on Kashmir.at the heart of the matter. IS FOR HER AND PAKISTAN TO REUNITE. the same body. there will be wars. which would retain its identity and culture as a member of a greater India confederation. a nuclear conflict maybe . which will solve nothing and only postpone a later confrontation. a nuclear war maybe. A country which is constantly 110 . First there has to be an understanding among both the people. has very little resources. the process may begin . and symbolises the irrevocable enmity between Pakistan and India. because it estimates rightly that the Kashmir valley is 95% Muslim and that under the (mad) logic of partition. which up to now has not even been thought off seriously. THE ONLY MANNER SHE CAN FULFILL HER DHARMA AS THE SPIRITUAL LEADER OF THE WORLD. And both countries are trying by force. it should have reverted to Islamabad. except war. the latter thrown into India by the twist of fate and invasions. but a just reunion. there is no issue. Here is a country full of friendly people. even if it has different names and boasts of two religions diametrically opposed to each other. It can start in a gradual way by military observers of both the countries being posted to watch over the peace process. fuelled by each other. Eventually it can lead to a joint government of Kashmir. Then there could be a tentative reunification of both the Kashmirs. For Kashmir represents the perfect impossibility. except jute. for instance. because she considers rightly that it has been part of her territory for 5000 years.

the Maldives. whose Tamil-Sinhalese feud cannot be resolved by reason. The same can be said for Sri Lanka.The unification of the human world is under way. with its vast mosaique of people. as each natural catastrophe repeats the same story of helplessness. to practice in peace its own religion. whether an Indo-Pakistan nuclear conflict. have always played the Chinese card against India. as we have seen earlier. which will protect them. A nation which is near totally dependant on Foreign Aid agencies. their Japanese 4 wheel drive cars. or semi-dictators. for it is the consequence of an old hatred and centuries of Sinhalese discrimination against the Tamil minority. And what of Nepal. A catastrophe may intervene and interrupt or destroy what is being done. is FEDERALISM. while recognising the same unifying principle of Dharma. as the two countries have so much in common. who embarked upon an islamization programs which has harmed the spontaneous tendencies of the Bengalis. What we see today in the reunification of the two Germanys.47) The partition of India must go and the Greater India. whose totalitarianism showed its ultimate failure. Bharat. Burma. or the Tamil separatist dilemma. HER PRESENCE MAY MAKE ALL THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SLOW AND TIMID AND A BOLD AND SWIFT DEVELOPMENT. which will allow each South Asian country to retain its own individuality.8. BUT LOOKS INTO THE FUTURE AND BRINGS IT NEARER. be born again 111 . Not the Soviet type of United Republics. of the two Vietnams. the land of the 'Indus'. A nation which produces hardly anything. races. an inevitable movement.. when all the republics were allowed free play. Sri Lanka. there is an imperfect initiation organised but struggling against tremendous difficulties. and their money.. Nepal is the only Hindu kingdom of the world and should have then naturally a harmonious fruitful relation with India -which is not the case at all. This Federal union of states would comprise India. Its necessity for the nations is also clear. why not the South Asian countries ? For the ultimate solution to all the problems in South Asia. but nevertheless powerful India. which has shown little foresight since independence. Nepal should have nothing to fear from India. spiritualized. Nepal. But the momentum is there and it must inevitably increase and conquer. which ultimately does not solve much. religions. For unification is a necessity of Nature. one of the poorest countries of the world. for without it the freedom of the nations may be at any moment in peril and the life even of the large and powerful nations insecure. is dependant on tea and tourism and yet is full of infinite possibilities.. is a sign of an evolutionary trend which is trying to manifest itself at present. ". but a spiritualized federalism which would be on the lines of ancient India. with its rapidly depleting forest cover. If Europe has done it. its natural beauty and ideal climate. (Sri Aurobindo's message on Independence 15. nonviolent. Bangladesh.. a nation. which is at the mercy of dictators.invaded by floods. to manage even its own affairs. as the king and the communists. like Ershad. HERE TOO INDIA HAS BEGUN TO PLAY A PROMINENT PART AND IF SHE CAN DEVELOP THAT LARGER STATESMANSHIP WHICH IS NOT LIMITED BY THE PRESENT FACTS AND IMMEDIATE POSSIBILITIES.. a united common Government. under whichever form. but under the political umbrella of a benevolent. of the two Koreas eventually. Pakistan. solve their problems and help them. with their luxurious houses. but even then the final result is sure.

But look at China: communism has killed most forms of Buddhism and Confucianism. The shell of external liberty remains. SPIRITUAL LEADER OF THE WORLD Has Western civilisation reached the end of the road ? As we know. its immense capacity to achieve material perfection and its great vitality. and a social tyranny more terrible. the European thinks himself free. which triggered the great Tamas. I see failure written large over all the splendid and ostentatious achievements of Europe. But materialism has its shortcomings and ultimately.. even if it is in an indirect manner by an influx of refugees. And what of India? During these twelve chapters. the core is already eaten away. have attained their perfection.. He does not know what teeth are gnawing in to the heart of his liberty"! (India's Reb P. making of the Chinese one of the most materialistic nations in the world. 75) The other reason for the failing civilisation of the West. The first signs of its weaknesses have already been seen at the end of the 20th century: the collapse of communism. each culture has its own uniqueness: the Greeks were great thinkers. that the land of Bharata went through in the aftermath of the glorious Vedic epoch. History does not happen in a few years. and the first foreign incursion by Alexander. aggressions. This is a karma which China will have to repay one day. should not deceive anybody: often the core is weakened. What about Asia then ? In Japan. And behold what the Chinese did to Tibet.System. the Egyptians superb occultists. Instead of putting this mastery to the service of truth. pitfalls. When the inner freedom is gone. Because he is still free to gratify his senses and enjoy himself. the erosion of capitalism with recession and unemployment and the raging wars in Yugoslavia and the ex-USSR republics. mistakes. externalised forms of the past greatness of Shintoism and Zen Buddhism survive. it may bring in the decline of Western civilisation. instead of turning it towards the spirit of evolution. only codified. will take its place. these wars are bound to spill-over in mainstream Europe. even if the giant stills carries on with a few steps before collapsing to the ground. organisation. machinery. the stiffening of the caste system. That the United States still survives as a superpower. more inquisitorial. her greatest expenditure of intellectual and moral force have led to the swiftest exhaustion of creative activity. and from a passion to organising external liberty Europe is slaying her spiritual freedom. which 112 . and relentless than any that caste ever organised in India. To the successive Muslim invasions. the fossilisation of its society. because it blanked out spirituality. "For my part.. the Indians unsurpassed spiritualists. eradicating a 2000 year old tradition of tantric Buddhism in a few decades. it used it for domination and the satisfaction of the Western man's senses. the external liberty will follow it. Materialism is doomed. From the disdaining of Matter and the physical by her yogis. threats. wrote Sri Aurobindo in 1910.CHAPTER 16 : INDIA. Bondage has been carried to its highest expression. The process has already begun. Her costliest experiments.. the reader has been taken through all the dangers. The West's genius is undoubtedly materialism. is that it greatly misused the mastery it had achieved over technology and the material. It is hoped that its success as the most powerful industrial nation today will not totally blank whatever remains of old inner genius of Japan (minus the cruelty). perils. except in a superficial and ritual manner. the complete bankruptcy of moral elevation and discouragement of man's once infinite hope.

For we have lost the truth. it is the Santana Dharma that shall rise. the stifling oppression of state bureaucracy and corruption. industrially.. Realise in your hearts the genius of the country which is yours. why getting born. The British came. but also sowed the seeds of intercaste fighting. saints. left nothing. to replace it with prototypes that have already shown the world over their total failure. to recharge humanity with the real meaning and spirit of life. to fight for the continuation of true Hinduism. O India of the Vedic ages. which Mahatma Gandhi propounded for so long and which activated not only the division of India along Hindu-Muslim lines. Rise up O Westernised "secular" India. Yet India's spirituality survived. which has annihilated the souls of so many countries. (India's Reb. when they were killed. understood nothing. the onslaught of modernity and the egotism of becoming a powerful nation.. which is all set to wipe out whatever is left of Hinduism. India will become the spiritual leader of the world :"It is this religion that I am raising-up before the world. what is the soul. any civilisation in 10 centuries of furious onslaughts. It survived the cruel partition of its ancient land. the meaning of our evolution. we have lost the great sense. Brahmacharya and Khadi. then India will enter the 21st century not only as a world power. some more powerful than India. when their temples were destroyed. who are we. 46 -Uttara speech) Rise up. Stop comparing it to a civilisation. It is also hoped that it is going to survive economic liberalisation. socially and militarily.. I am raising forth this nation to send forth my word. And this will be India's gift to this planet during this new millennium: to restore to the world its true sense.When therefore it is said that India shall rise. It survived the Chinese onslaught in 1962. which thou seekest to repossess in its music or in its temples.. And they were reborn again and again. It survived the dangerous politics of non violence. and India's spirituality remained. p.. where is the ultimate truth about the world. tearing its limbs into Pakistan and Bangladesh. and Avatars.. and now it is going forth to do my work among the nations. Wake up to the greatness of thy country. Thou livest in the hearts of all thy people. why this earth. any other nation might never have recovered from such a maiming.. India has preserved it through seven millennium of pitfalls. because thou art also the true India. of genocides and attempts at killing her santanam dharma.. which is crumbling and cease equating it with parameters that are not hers. the meaning of why so much suffering. And finally that it will also survive the ecological holocaust that is taking place in this country. It survived the road to socialism charted by Nehru. it was preserved by its people in their hearts. Not only the past greatness..would have wiped out any culture. And if it survives all these dangers. as it survived other dangers for 7000 years. it is this that I have perfected and developed through the Rishis. it is the Santana Dharma that shall be great. When it is said that India shall expand and extend herself. it is the Santana Dharma that shall expand and extend itself over the world. why dying. India also survived the immense threat of European colonialism. It is for the Dharma and by the Dharma that India exists". in their flesh when it was burnt. the universe. in their souls. what is reincarnation. But India has kept this truth. but the 113 . conquered.. It survives today the Hindu-bashing of its westernised elite. but also as the only nation in the world where true spirituality will still be alive. It survived the Mahatma's sterile policies of Charkha.

in the hearts of her countless yogis. docile pupil of the West and doomed to repeat the cycle of the Occident's success and failure. The West. not through the Western prism. which India still holds. which is disregarded by most Western nations (and many of its own people). Queen among nations: "India of the ages is not dead nor has She spoken Her last creative word. too bureaucratic . For indeed. (Sri Aurobindo) But what will be that true India? 114 . the India of the Vedas and the Upanishad. than the India of today allows. that it was much more democratic and allowed much more freeplay and freedom. But the truth was that they were united in their diversity. For India is the only nation which still preserves in the darkness of Her Himalayan caves. in its thirst for materialism. waiting to be grasped again. alone in the world. this is one of the most amazing paradoxes of today's world: here you have a country. Rise up O India. Rise up O true India. there. or Cambodia and influence their civilisations and religions for centuries to come. This knowledge which once roamed the shores of the world from Egypt to China. as a hotbed of Hindu fundamentalism. once more She will emit Her light and radiate. China. which many historians have criticized as being militant and politically disunited. this is where the focus of the world is going to shift. the key to the planetary evolution.greatness that IS. to the greatness that IS in you. but with the ancient wisdom that She has bestowed upon us. its future and its hope. but still the ancient immemorial Shakti recovering Her deepest self. is today lost everywhere. we are coming back again full circle to the wonder that WAS India. as irrelevant. Yet. And that which She must seek now to awake. She lives and has still something to do for Herself and the human peoples. after centuries of decadence and submission to Western colonialism. let us look at India. individually and collectively. it will take a long time before it unites in spite of the near uniformity of its races and religions. does not know anymore where it stands and has lost this precious knowledge. India holds the key to the world's future. The 21st century then. on the luminous ghats of Benares. backward. Europe has now entered a turbulent Age. lifting Her head higher towards the supreme source of light and strength and turning to discover the complete meaning and vaster form of Her Dharma. this is where the sun is going to rise again. waiting to be brought down concretely. Let us again reread history. Thailand. will be the era of the East.and lately. Ah. And as when India used to shine and send forth Her Dharma all over the Orient: Japan. which rates today as one of the poorest on this planet. India. is not an anglicised oriental people. or even in the minds of her ordinary folk. Burma.

Truth. to spiritual life and in the end to deify human nature". In the words of Sri Aurobindo: "A wider spiritual culture must recognise that the Spirit is not only the highest and inmost thing. Christians. way of life. control everything. but whose bureaucracy is so pervasive. The key to India's oneness is DIVERSITY and the unifying element is found in its ancient Hindu culture -'Indu'. but all is manifestation and creation of the Spirit..Existence. a congeries of diverse people. witness Bangladesh and Pakistan who have women heads of state. But you have to give breathing spaces to the vast mosaic which is India.culture which has influence so much all Indians. so long as they do not try to go on converting more Hindus. why should Delhi decide that Hindi be the language spoken in Tamil Nadu? And the Congress' opportunistic alliances with regional parties in Tamil Nadu. lands. has always been the home of a peculiar people with characteristics of its own. nothing is decided without the Prime Minister. their courage and spirit of initiative. towards the highest Reality.and sometimes open separatisms. it is truly the granary of this country and it deserves the right to utilise the funds it generates for the welfare of its own people. is made except by him. the result of which is that everything comes to a standstill. so omnipresent everywhere. fresh. Let Punjab manage its own affairs alone. that it stifles all attempts at trying something new. once the DMK. India's Dharma is not Hinduism. welded the most diverse elements into its fundamental unity. or even Muslims. Let Tamil Nadu give a free rein to its Dravidian culture. This is due to a too strong centralised and heavy-handed Government at the Centre.India’s history throughout has been marked by a tendency. no major decision such as the naming of a Congress Chief Minister. be they Hindu. of states of being which superimpose our ordinary mind and lead like a pyramid. Today. Let Indian Muslims rule their own communities. but it has also been throughout. Let Assam assert its own traditions. It may be because of this constant heavyhand since independence. put upon all the Indian stamp. next the ADMK. The Prime Minister also often holds too many portfolios. kingdoms and in earlier times republics also. because nobody dares to take any initiative and everyone always refers to one's immediate superior and so on till it reaches the top. does not make sense.2 THE TRUE INDIA WITHIN The political problems which India has faced since Independence are either intense regionalist cravings in her different states. Sat-Chit. (India's Rebirth). diverse races. This old Congress policy of centralising everything in its hands has to go. sub-nations. it has absorbed all that has entered into it. Once again let us listen to the wisdom of Sri Aurobindo: "India. a separate culture. way of the spirit.16. One has to trust the Indian people. out of the old patterns. arts. a constant 115 . shut into a separate existence by the Himalayas and the ocean. and one wonders how he has time to rule the country. Its aim must be not only to raise to inaccessible heights a few elect. developing different brands or forms of civilisation and culture. that so many separatisms have sprung-up. or covert . with a marked character of their own. with its own distinct civilisation. who not only wants to know everything.. even if it looks like drifting away from India. as long as they recognise India's sovereignty and keep within the framework of the Constitution. but to draw all man and all life and the whole human being upward. it is the knowledge preserved throughout the ages of a Higher plane than surface life. Let the Christians worship in peace in their cathedrals. it just breeds small dictators who exploit the people's natural gentleness and their tendency to worship. building of society.

a new Constitution has to be rewritten. We have said it again and again through these chapters: India has blindly borrowed her Constitution and her democratic institutions from the West. it is this law that must be the foundation of a true democratic India: "It has been said that democracy is based on the rights of man.a union of states and regional people would again be the form of a united India" (India’s reb. they are part of the people's ideas. there is no possibility any longer that this diversity will endanger or diminish the unity of India... On the contrary. Not only that. to the immense diversity of her people.37March 16th 1908) And the most wonderful thing is that. the spirit of patriotic unity has been too firmly established in the people to be easily effaced or diminished and it would be more endangered by refusing to allow the natural play of life of the sub-nations than by satisfying their natural aspirations.. all was not drawn up into a few provincial capitals. it has been replied that it should rather take its stand on the duties of man. India's civilisation is at least 7000 years old and should have a Constitution framed after her own history.the municipal councils. the idea of a federation and a complete machinery for its perfect working have been discovered and will be at full work. other towns and regions remaining subordinated and indistinct or even culturally asleep. or an imperial metropolis. India's national life will then be founded on her natural strength and the principle of unity in diversity which has always been normal to her and its fulfilment the fundamental course of her being and its very nature the many in one would place her on the sure foundation of her swabhava and swadharma. p. Nehru did not bother to adapt them to India's own particular needs.is not workable: these councils have no living 116 . the ancient diversities of the country carried in them great advantages as well as drawbacks. Dharma is the Indian conception in which rights and duties lose the artificial antagonism created by a view of the world which makes selfishness the root of action and regain their deep and eternal unity. by these differences the country was made the home of many living and pulsating centres of life. than mere petty nationalism. One should begin with the old Panchayat system in the villages and then work up to the top. 240-241) 16. And what is true democracy for India. the whole nation lived with a full life in its many parts and this increased enormously the creative energy of the whole. those vast spaces which kept her people from closeness and a full interplay have been abolished in their separating effect by the march of science and the swiftness of the means of communication. but both rights and duties are European ideas. the parliamentary system with local bodies... but the whole democratic system of India has to be reshaped to suit that new. for in this lies the distinction between the soul of Asia and the soul of Europe.. so that India might be politically as well as culturally one. It is this law that has to be revived. practically. above all.3 THE TRUE INDIA WITHOUT But for this purpose. Dharma is the basis of democracy which Asia must recognise. that true nation.effort to unite all this diversity of elements into a single political whole under a central imperial rule." (India's Reb p. which will manifest the wonder that IS India. The Panchayat system and the guilds are more representative and they have a living contact with the people. culture. but the law of Dharma. a richly and brilliantly coloured diversity in unity. we have in India the seed of a new form of democracy. who have shown throughout the ages that they are bound to India by something else.

Each such communal form of life the village. with the regional language as the first and English as the third. and Indian youth should be able to deal confidently with the West: do business.. which is spoken only by a tiny minority. the first thing that Indian children should be taught is the greatness of their own culture. the town. you say! Impossible to revive? But that's what they argued about Hebrew. because India wants to be on par with the rest of the world. so simple and luminous: "Sanskrit ought still to have a future as the language of the learned and it will not be a good day for India when the ancient tongues cease entirely to be written or spoken". « The work of the legislators attempted to take up the ordinary life of man and of the community and the life of human desire and aim and interest and ordered rule and custom and to interpret and formulate it in the same complete and decisive manner and at the same time to throw the whole in to an ordered relation to the ruling ideas of the national culture and frame and perpetuate a social system and perpetuate a social system intelligently fashioned so as to provide a basis. But nevertheless. 283) There is another problem which India has faced since independence.. as it has no roots here? The answer is here. It would be absurd to put back the Manu law into practice. Yes. The central authority never interfered with it. which formed the unit of national life. They should learn to revere the Vedas. they should be taught the greatness of the Mahabharata and the Ramanayana. should be translated into a new Judicial system. The same thing ought to be done with Sanskrit. to the spiritual motive. Not to judge according to Western standards. its secular values. that Indian civilisation reached dizzying heights. etc.. Then will India again have its own unifying language. a structure. A dead language.. revive their "dead" language. And did not the Jewish people. it would be a sure sign of the dawning of the Renaissance of India. » (Found of Indian Culture p. nor in the West. was left free in its own internal management. Let the scholars begin now to revive and modernise the Sanskrit language. when they got back their land in 1948. which is that of a unified language... « We had a spontaneous and a free growth of communities developing on their own lines. so that it is spoken today by ALL Jewish people and has become alive again?. but certainly the law of Dharma. that it was an unsurpassed civilisation. with the lumbering impossible compounds and the overweight of hair-splitting erudition". 117 . one of the richest languages in the world. Education of course has to be totally revamped. when the West was still mumbling its first words. which have been since unsurpassed. but as Sri Aurobindo points out: "it must get rid of the curse of the heavy pedantic style contracted by it in its decline. what could be the unifying language of India. The kind of Westernised education which is standard in India. they should be told that in this country everything has been done. (India’s Rebirth 172) The Judiciary would have to be revised also. and relate to a universal world culture. nor in the South ? But then. talk. which have no relevance to India. Sanskrit! Sanskrit the Mother of all tongues. bare English. which is typical of the arrogance of too centralised a power. a gradation by which there could be a secure evolution of the life from the vita and mental.. of Truth.contacts with the people. Why should they seek to impose on the whole of India a language which is spoken neither in the East. admonishes Sri Aurobindo (India's Reb 113). does have its place.. In a few years it should be taught as the second language in schools throughout the country.. because its function was not so much to legislate as to harmonise and see that everything was going all right. The Central Government has tried to impose Hindi upon the rest the country..

Babar and Mahmud of Ghazni. And from this firm base. but to only know them in their real historical perspective. They should not be taught to hate of their fellow Muslims in India. to the latest technologies. so as to remember and not repeat the same mistakes. which for instance has replaced some of the staunch Marxists. for instance. And all these we must harmonise into a system which will be impregnated with the spirit of self-reliance. but not sanctified as it is now. Because. such as the rape of the Third World by Spanish conquistadors or the colonising and impoverishment of Africa. NOT THROUGH THE WESTERN ARTIFICIAL LOOKING GLASS. is no friend of our national growth. builds up a great nation. (India's Reb 36) It should also be made clear that Indian history will have to be rewritten. They should know the truth about Aurangzeb. her eternal quest for truth should be drilled in the child from an early age. All Marxist denigration of India should also be banned from the books. A certain effort in that direction has already been made by the present Government. Whoever wishes to cut of the nation from its past. the 118 . the Hindu view should be naturally there. Indian students should be taught to look at the world through the Indian prism and see historical events. We must acquire for her the best knowledge that Europe can give her and assimilate it to her own peculiar type of national temperament. Whoever fails to take advantage of the present. The Congress should be granted its just share of the movement. is losing us the battle of life. such as Romila Thapar from the Indian Council of Research. definitely Indian children should be taught about the rape of their country by successive Muslim invaders and the incredible harm done to India. instead of the present semi-glorifying of the great Mughal culture and period. But why should anyone object to Saraswati.may be described as the education which starting with the past and making full use of the present.. But what outcry in the “secular” press it has triggered and a lot more needs to be done. the Goddess of learning. "National education. like Durga and that it is offensive to Muslims". India's Dharma. We must therefore save for India all that she has stored up of knowledge. if it cannot find a place. In 1939. She who bestowed so much Grace on India. But the disciple had continued: "the argument is that the song speaks of Hindu gods. Said Sri Aurobindo: "but it is not a religious song.But overall they should be taught early that India's greatness is her spirituality her world-wide wisdom. in their factual colours. everything then can be taught -from the most modern forms of mathematics. so as to build up men and not machines". whether modern or ancient. but also the whole world is constantly drilled into the history of the holocaust. the Independence story should be also rewritten and true nationalists given their right place. a disciple had said to Sri Aurobindo that: "there are some people who object to the singing of Vande Mataram as a national song. INDIA'S NEW EDUCATION HAS TO BE SPIRITUALISED IT HAS TO BE AN INNER EDUCATION WHICH TEACHES TO LOOK AT THINGS FROM THE INNER PRISM. Certainly if not only the Jews. character and noble thoughts in her immemorial past. Sri Aurobindo had replied: "in that case Hindus should give up their culture". We must introduce the best methods of teaching humanity has developed. Another symbol of the emergence of a new India will be the universal acceptance of Vande Mataram as the national anthem – we have seen in 1999 the farcical reaction of education Ministers from different states when when the Saraswati Vandanam was played at a function presided by Murali Manohar Joshi.. Why should not the Muslims accept it? In the Indian concept of nationality. it is a national song and the Durga spoken of is India as the Mother.

Hindus may as well be asked to give-up their culture. The Hindus don't object to "Allah-Ho-Akbar". On a national level, there should be a revival of authentic Indian traditional forms of genius, such as ancient medical systems, like Ayurveda, or Siddha, instead of the total dependence on Western antibiotics and their terrible proliferation. Today, these alleopathic medecines are found even in India's remotest villages, making people dependant on harmful drugs which are expensive and only serve to enrich the big foreign multinationals. It takes a Deepak Chopra, an Indian doctor exiled in the United States, to remind the world that Ayurveda is one of the greatest medical systems ever devised; that 5000 years ago, when the rest of the planet lived in total medical ignorance, Indian doctors were already performing plastic surgery, knew that the origin of many diseases were psychosomatic, had found in Mother nature the cure for most of man’s ailments and realised that the five natural elements have to be made balanced in the human body for a perfect harmonious life. Not only that, but Indian doctors were also yogis. They perceived that beyond the human body was another divine reality, of which the soul was the vehicle on earth. Today, Western doctors (and many Indian ones) are totally ignorant of the different planes of consciousness which superimpose our terrestrial life. Hence these doctors and the psychiatrists of the West are, as Sri Aurobindo pointed out, « searching with a torch light in the dark caverns of man’s Unconscious ». India is also full of marvellous indigenous arts which are ignored by the officialdom, but actually are at the source of many of the world's wonders. Such is Kerala's kalaripayat, the most extraordinary martial art on this earth, not only because it is the ancestor of all great Asian martial arts, such as judo or karate, because it was taken by Buddhist monks and the famous Boddidharma (founder of Zen Buddhism) to China and Japan, but also because it is the only martial art in the world which regroups all kinds of fighting techniques under one umbrella: sword, knife, spears, bare handed techniques, flexible swords. It is also a great medical knowledge, its masters are yogis and practise a unique form of massage. Unfortunately it is dying because India ignores that she possesses such a wonderful art. And what about Indian yogic sciences ? Pranayama for instance is the most exacting, precise, mathematical, powerful breathing discipline one can dream of. Its effects and results have been observed and categorised by Indian yogis for millenniums. This extraordinary knowledge, brings in very quickly wonderful results in both the well being of the body and the quietude of the mind. Pushed to its extreme, it gives to the disciple deep spiritual experiences and a true inner perception of the world. And what about Hata-yoga, also a 5000 year old technique, which has inspired today all kind of aerobic, of so-called yoga techniques and gymnastic drills around the world ? Practised properly it brings health, strength and endurance to the body. It is the secret of Indian Yogis’ incredible longevity. It may be too, a help to a once and future immortality. And like in Pranayama, its exercises, results and particularities are so well categorised that there is a solution for each problem of the human body, an application for each part of the human anatomy. And what about meditation, queen of all the yogic sciences ? That which is above everything, that without which any yogic discipline is impossible. That which interiorizes us, carries us within ourselves, to the discovery of our true soul and nature. There are hundreds of different mediation techniques, simple,

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cartesian, easy to experience, which have been devised by Indian sages since the dawn of Bharat. Each one has its own characteristics, each one gives particular results, which has been experienced by the billions of aspirants who have practised them since the dawn of Vedic times. But are all these yogic sciences dead, disappeared from India, gone for ever from the earth consciousness ? Not at all. India is full of ashrams, of yogis, of masters, who are still keeping alive all those wonderful sciences. From the tip of cape Comorin to Kashmir, you cannot go to a place in this country without finding some spiritual place, some sadhu practising a particular tapasaya, some course in meditation for householders. You have just to step out of the big cities, its five star hotels, its mad traffic, its hurried businessmen with their ties and briefcases and enter India’s country side, and you step again in India’s immortal Dharma, you can still feel the line of continuity of 7000 years of sages. This is the Wonder that IS India. And what do you think would happen if these ancient arts still alive in India were officially recognised by the Indian Government, by Indian themselves and UTILISED in every day life. What do you think would happen for instance if pranayama was systematically taught to sportsmen from the beginning of their training ? It would produce supermen; it would be difficult to beat Indian athletes, because through this marvellous technique they would have achieved perfect concentration. What would happen if Indian businessmen used too Pranayama ? It would double their capacity of work and endow them with enthusiasm for their task. Or if school children were taught at a very early age the combined techniques of pranayama, hata-yoga, meditation and Ayurveda ? It would maybe produce the next human species of our era, a race which is spiritualised in both mind and body. Unfortunately, for the moment, the Christian and Muslim minorities reject them outright as part of the Hindu culture and also modern Indians, whether businessmen, intellectuals, or bureaucrats, disdain this golden treasure of India. But fortunately for the planetary evolution, India’s yogis, gurus, teachers are going all around the world to spread this wonderful knowledge. Some are genuine ones, some are semi-fakes, some are total fakes. But it does not matter, because almost all of them carry abroad the message of yoga. Among these messengers of truth, one could mention the remarkable Vipassana mediation technique of Shri Goenka, which has centres all around the world. Or the prayanama courses of the Art Of Living of Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, which are fast spreading around the world. Or Krishna Iyengars’ wonderful hata-yoga techniques. Thanks to them, there are more and more people in the West who know about India. It maybe even that India will have to realise its Wonder when the West will point its finger at it, as happened in a lesser way in Japan with its martial art techniques, Zen Buddhism, rock gardens and Bonzai art, when America took hold of them. Let us hope though, that the true India will emerge soon. For the India of tomorrow, the spiritual leader of the world, Mother India, Durga: " is not a piece of earth; she is a Power, a Godhead, for all nations have such a Devi supporting this separate existence and keeping it in being..." (Sri Aurobindo, India's Rebirth, p. 235) "Mother Durga ! Rider on the lion, giver of all strength, we are seated in thy temple. Listen, O Mother, descend upon earth, make thyself manifest in this land of India"... 120

CHAPTER 16: "THE FINAL DREAM" "The final dream was a step in evolution which would raise man to a higher and larger consciousness and begin the solutions of the problems which have perplexed and vexed him since he first began to think and dream of individual perfection and a perfect society... The difficulties in the way are more formidable than in any other field of endeavour, but difficulties were made to be overcome and if the Supreme Will is there, they will be overcome. Here too, if this evolution is to take place, since it must proceed through a growth of the spirit and the inner consciousness, THE INITIATIVE CAN COME FROM INDIA and, although the scope must be universal, the central movement may be hers." (Sri Aurobindo's message on 15.8.47) What is that 'final dream' of which Sri Aurobindo talked about and in which he saw a preponderant part of India, the India of the last chapter, a true India, organized into a federation of free states with a central enlightened Government, a unified language and policy; a leader of the world in ideas and wisdom, which again would manifest the Santanam Dharma, Bharat born again. Man is the visible result of a long evolutionary process of which apes, were the previous link: "The appearance of a human possibility in a material and animal world was the first glint of some coming divine Light, the first far-off promise of a godhead to be born out of Matter", writes Sri Aurobindo in the Hour of God. And monkeys themselves, must have been the offspring of another species - and so on, back to the first Big Bang. In the same way, Sri Aurobindo believed that man was not the last link in human evolution and that there would be ANOTHER rung in the ladder towards Divine Perfection: "Man is a transitional being; he is not final. For in man and high beyond him ascend the radiant degrees that climb to a divine supermanhood. There lies our destiny and the liberating key to our aspiring but troubled and limited mundane existence." (The Hour of God, p. 61) Sri Aurobindo went on to explain that what he meant by man, "was the mind imprisoned in the body", and he emphasized that mind was not the highest possible form of consciousness, because mind is incapable of attaining truth; he is only at best "an ignorant seeker of truth". Beyond mind, he continued, is a "supramental or gnostic power of consciousness", which is in eternal possession of truth. Supermanhood is the next approaching achievement in earth's evolution and "it is inevitable because it is in the logic of Nature's process". But warned Sri Aurobindo: "Supermanhood is not man climbed to his own natural zenith, not a superior degree of human greatness, knowledge, power, intelligence, will, 121

Nevertheless. love. but in what he makes possible. and the standing? From the millions of apes who tried thinking. As Sri Aurobindo emphasizes: "Mind is the highest form in man. right from the big Bang where nothing was. Man is himself little more that an ambitious nothing. before one of them had the first crude idea in his mind and fashioned a stone into a weapon . whether in science. clouded and struggling power. a dwarf enamored of the heights. conservatism. to the flying. it is a greater consciousness than the highest consciousness proper to human nature".. rules...you name it.. His glory is that he is the closed place and the secret workshop of a living labour in which supermanhood is being made ready by a divine craftsman. man tried everything to control man: laws. (Hour of God 62) Today the Western world utterly shows the limits of mind carried to its extreme. socialism. taxes.. genius.Man's greatness is not in what he is. He is a littleness that reaches to a wideness and a grandeur that are beyond him. Or some gave him license to indulge in his instincts. cable TV. or that most marvelous of sciences. as he is getting cut off from his divine reality. liberalism.. are not taking him nearer to his soul. exulting. Supermind is something beyond mental man and his limits.. reflected and pallid light. And even when most luminous it is possessed only of a thin. Idealisms were the highest goals of Europe.. his consecrated will and 122 . But they have all proved failures. medicine. the material.character. In their name. the computers. His mind is a dark ray in the splendors of the Universal Mind. dynamic force. And they were all tried: communism. But nobody was able to bridle man. bureaucratic hurdles. the two cars. or perfection. But his conscious assent. to the first forms of life in the protoplasms? From the crawling. socratism. saintliness.to today's Discoverer spacecrafts and supercomputers? But in truth. man is indeed special: "An immortal soul is somewhere within him and gives out some sparks of its presence. His body is a labouring perishable speck in the material universe". penalties. technology. materialism. pragmatism. interdictions. and each day brings new discoveries. But mind is an ignorant.63) Can this be the end of evolutionary nature. satellite phone and instant computerization. to go to the limits of his vital and sensual appetites. which come nearest to the intricacies of man's brain. His life is a striving. (Hour of God. existentialism. atheism. or a blindly and dumbly longing petty moment of he Universal Life. suffering and eager passion-tossed and sorrow-stricken. this frail body and bumbling mind? Is this why the universe started billion of years ago. But for what purpose? Man is more and more unhappy. purity. it can be said that the greatest achievement of the West is that it has succeeded in a certain control over the physical.

our soul grows from each life. "Above. you are all participating in the elaboration of the next world. for the Spirit is freedom. When mind is still. and traveller on the roads to the next step of humanity's relentless march to evolution and perfection: Be free in thyself and therefore free in thy mind. when suddenly everything seems possible. and the soul is reborn again after some time and so son. drawing from each experiences it needs for its evolution -and then we die. live in thyself and not thy little ego. That to which man has always aspired throughout his History. To be immortal is to be infinite in being and 123 . who dwell in your caves. not realizing that "it is only a clumsy interlude between Nature's vast and precise subconscient action. free in thy life and thy body. because Mind thinks it is the ultimate realization in the world. for death is not of thyself. "O thou seeker of Truth. Be thyself immortal. Be one with God and all beings. ye who think that you can dissect the world and predict its future. superficial and negative theories on the future of humanity... the all pervading immanence of the Infinite. the Hour of God) Good-bye O ye lofty philosophers. ye.. Truth lives in the calm. who each day give a little of your time to the quietness of your mind. Hello our Indian yogis and sages." (Hour of God. and the vaster infallible superconscient action of the Godhead. great thinkers and wise sociologists. she does not intervene in the noise and cackle of logical debate". then Truth gets a chance to be heard in the purity of the silence. This is the divine presence in us. but today mind has become the OBSTACLE. around us..." What is the step for receiving that next possibility? What is the best attitude for feeling the Godhead at work? "There is nothing mind can do that cannot be better done in the mind's immobility and thought-free stillness. when for a few seconds. although the primitive man came closer to Nature and his heart may have been more receptive than the modern homo sapiens of today. in your ashrams or in the quiet silence of your hearts! Hello you million of fellow meditators.63) This is why we get those "soul moments" in our lives. All Joy.participation are needed that into his body may descend the glory that will replace him. and so on. an eternal spirit overshadows him and upholds the soul continuity of his nature". we become All Harmony. that which he instinctively feels in himself. above us. but of thy body. but only by identity and silent vision. For Truth cannot be attained by the mind's thought. (Sri Aurobindo. ye who today still propound obscure. the impediment to the next evolutionary change. wordless Light of the eternal spaces. And this is the endless cycle of our human evolution: we are born.. p. For the spirit is immortality. For the Spirit is Unity. and put not thy faith in death. Mind was the greatest achievement of man when he took over from the animal. immersed in the ego of his achievements.

And again we have to be reborn to start all over. Sri Aurobindo had started the work and spoke at length of "the golden light that was invading his body". in the midst of the walled-up spaces you have created a heart-like something that will live its eternal life. This is an uncharted path. when death annihilates everything.27) She is the universal Mother. to learn all over again what took us a life of patience to master. DEATH. You have revealed to me a chamber alive and warm within the mind's substance- 124 . is not a fancy resurrection or a miraculous glorified body in which we can live for ever our desires and fixations. one and yet so many-sided that to follow her movement is impossible. when oblivion puts back the clock once more. but a body where truth descends and which is transformed into truth. Laxmi. our realizations. this is the fateful word. you have dawned in the narrow horizons of my mind. OUR BODY. but also of the physical. for the spirit is infinite and that which is finite lives only by this infinity. as lofty they can be. Kali.. the next step in evolution. THE SUPRAMENTAL ESTABLISHED IN THE MATERIAL PLANE AND CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE MATERIAL WORLD AND AN INTEGRAL TRANSFORMATION DOWN TO THE VERY PRINCIPLE OF MATTER. Out of the depthless rigidities. Mahasaraswati. No says Sri Aurobindo: "The Supramental is nothing less than the descent of the Supreme Truth and Power INTO MATTER. The Mother is the consciousness and force of the Supreme and far above all she creates".. Maheswari. Mother India." (Hour of God page 9) "Be thyself immortal and put not thy faith in death". This is what makes Sri Aurobindo's yoga different from other yogas and that is why he called it "integral yoga": not only the transformation of the mind and the vital. whom he called the Mother and about whom He said: "The one whom we adore as the Mother is the Divine Conscious Force that dominates all existence. When he passed away on the 5th December 1950. Is death the ultimate goal then? Is death the only end to our struggle and our endeavors?. Indians have worshiped under all her mighty forms: Durga.. the ultimate descent of what he called "the supermind". Parvati. (The Mother 26. his spiritual companion of 35 years. as mind was above the inanimate. our loves. whom since Vedic times. Sita. our creations.consciousness and bliss. into the most material planes of our existence. for the ultimate truth in the ultimate material IS immortality. For what are all our human achievements. "O Mother of radiances. And this immortality. what is above mind. even for the quickest mind and for the freest and most vast intelligence. our hopes. this is the next step in our evolution: this descent of the supermind in our body.

She will live 30 years with Sri Aurobindo. Rodin. where work was "the prayer of the body to the Divine". III. with its nefarious emphasis on escaping from the pain. The Mother. their caves. says the old Sanskrit adage. its yogis and sages drifted farther and farther away from the material. and where physical education held a very important place for young and old alike. into marvellous Nirvana. to the raping of her soil by numerous barbarians and to the neglecting of beauty. which under her guidance. Then also came Buddhism. 'Sariram khalu dharma sadhanam'.. relieving the pains. to dwell on the Infinite. just to go back to Nirvana? We might never have left all that wonderful bliss. to transform 125 . And the eternal question of WHY DEATH has haunted us and still haunts us. the body is the instrument which we have to use. And Nirvana is indeed marvelous. having chartered the way for the descent of the supramental truth. because as Sri Aurobindo had said: "The perfection of the body. 10 years before meeting him. painter and a remarkable pianist. the sufferings and the agonies of its men and women. the ultimate Sun who dwells in the deepest obscurity" (Rig Veda. and Gautama the Bouddha was indeed a great soul.. she befriended many of the great artists of her time. must be the ultimate aim of physical culture. Mira Alfassa. but then what? Is all that suffering from these billion of years. she had strong mystical experiences. It is in 1914 that She arrives for the first time in Pondichery. The body was laid to waste. the Mother took up what she called the "Yoga of the cells". illusion and misery of this world. of death and oblivion. was born in Paris on the 21st February 1878. dreaming at night of covering the whole of Paris with her long mantle of love and compassion. we are coming back full circle to the Vedic seers who had gone down deep in the cavern of the body and had cried: "He discovered the Truth.5) But India lost the secret. their mountains. as great a perfection as we can bring about by the means at our disposal. page 5) At long last.less polar regions and there I can safely retire and find in you my refuge" (Hour of God. away from the body.for the body is the material basis. When Sri Aurobindo left his body in 1950. Sri Aurobindo whom she had seen in a dream. (Supramental Manifestation of man. -the body is the means of fulfillment of dharma". Already as a little girl. p 5). sharing his experiences. became an ashram like no other ashram.. India opened herself to infinite tamas. or Monet. communicating hers and gradually taking over the daily running of the Ashram.. Gustave Moreau. Mathematician. which houses the soul of light and withdrew in their ashrams.39. where Sri Aurobindo had already started his intensive yoga with more and more disciples gathering around him.

9. And she said: " There is always the possibility to escape 'elsewhere'. no existence. the Mother narrates meticulously all that goes through her body.. it is a movement which has not limits and which has a very harmonious rhythm and very tranquil and very vast and calm. When he was 20. one sees the secret. but it is not like a still immensity. But if one does not accept that. When the first bird flew among the reptiles. and the thing is DONE".ever silent like the movements of waves.. so that it accepts the supreme truth. more subtle. which has neither beginning nor end". that is to have the courage. Many have done that: they went into another world. ignorance is an illusion! it has no reality. which the Mother was going to discover gradually..each cell of Her body. And she went hunting for that "Secret": "One has the impression sometimes that there is an extraordinary secret to discover and that it is there at your fingertips. And later she cries: "Death is an illusion. I have seen that it is in the terrestrial Matter. And the capital point is that death and illness disappear materially in this other state. the appearance of misunderstanding. it is the illusion of our physical perception of the world and of the lie which springs out of that perception: death and illness. But again." Satprem was born in 1923 in Paris. Sometime even for a split second. was arrested by the 126 . for a second. it is an experience of the body. the veil lifts and one knows a little more. a French disciple of the Mother who was her confidant for all these years. which is the Mother's experience. It is not the illusion of the world as mystics preached. He spent his childhood in Bretagne. day after day.. And it is this movement which is life. I have seen the Secret. Comments Satprem in his beautiful book "the Mind of the Cells": "the passage to next species is done. and not the nirvanic experience of the mystical summits. "There is a consciousness of the body which floats in there like an eternal peace. But there is only one way to stay here. sickness and death vanish in 'something else'.. there is an opening and then everything closes-up again. he enrolled in the French resistance to fight against the German occupation army. the endurance. illness is an illusion. then nothing will ever be changed". to accept all appearances of infirmity.65) What is this secret? What path did the Mother chart for 23 years? This secret has been carefully noted down step by step by Satprem. Satprem called these notations "the Mother's Agenda". it was the sure sign that others will inevitably follow and fly too. of the cells. there are a million ways to run away like that. on this earth that the Supreme becomes perfect (Mother's Agenda 25. prodigious. If the cellular perception changes. 13 volumes where page after page.Only Love and Love and Loveimmense. where his love for the sea and sailing was his only escape from an otherwise bleak world where he felt imprisoned in the rigid frames of the Western mould.

. not of the books. as in the Beginning of Times or may be at the End". Her boundless reserves of spirituality are intact. India has to wake-up to Her destiny. He goes again wandering around the world. jotting down Her Agenda.. departs. we have harped constantly on the fact that the Greatness that WAS India is not something of the past. Globally. Did she complete her work and then depart ? Who has the vision to say.But the way was traced and had not Sri Aurobindo decreed: "the Supramental manifestation is inevitable. And maybe are there others individuals like him. he lands up in Pondichery. took up the work. alone. went on. are working on their own bodies towards the materialisation of the next species of our human evolution. India of whom the Mother said: " India must be saved for the good of the world since India alone can lead the world to peace and a new world order" (India and her destiny page 5). exploring the the yoga of the cells. in a rage of confronting life. Satprem.dreaded Gestapo and taken to the terrible Buchenwald concentration camp. withdrew from all activity and in the secret of some Himalayan retreat. where so many Jews Gypsies. stop looking at Herself and at the World through the Western prism of understanding. Satprem survived. out of touch with the inner reality and which has been imposed to India by its colonizers for three centuries. but his heart is really with the Mother and Sri Aurobindo. vandalized. who quietly. There he meets the Mother and Sri Aurobindo. and the experience of the one about whom he says was "immobile as the Himalayas". wanders around the world: "Just out of Hell. I took life on my knees and I told her: now you are going to tell me your secret. 127 ."(Mind of cells II) After many adventures. which is an artificial view. but the secret that beats in my naked heart. as deputy to the last French Governor. but this experience would forever shape his burning desire to go beyond the appearances. recoup her spiritualized outlook. And in 1954 he comes back for good to Pondichery and becomes the Mother's confidant. somewhere in this earth. will last him all his life.." The path is however still long and Satprem. Through these 16 chapters. her confidant. On the 17th November 1973. communists and resistants like him. ready to manifest themselves again. it is India which can show the way of supramentalization of man and society. anonymously.. the Mother after having explored the cellular consciousness of her own body. Was the earth not ready? She was struggling to be understood even by some of her own close disciples. François Baron. it is India which holds the key to the destiny of the world. As he recalls: "I found myself there naked. After the war. were murdered by the Nazis in the gas chambers. that India's Santanam Dharma.

which would leave them too the freedom to express their religion and culture in the creative bosom of India's Santanam Dharma. 2000 128 .. allow its own States.24. they discovered the Day and the Sun-World. shattered the great mountain rock with their cry.. can India send Her light shining forth and show the way to the earth towards a return towards true spirituality.The well of honey covered by the rock". and the great Vedic sages' prediction will also have been fulfilled: "Our fathers by their words broke the strong and stubborn places. Then only can India tell the world : "look this is how things happen.. this is the history of evolution. which represent the vast mosaic of her diversity. their freedom of expression.4) and India will lead the world onto the way to supramentalization.130. They found the treasure of Heaven hidden in the secret cavern. they made in us a path to the great Heaven. the South Asian countries should also regroup under India's leadership in another system of confederation. man after man. This South Asian block would become a major world power and could compete with China and the European Common Market.71. Auroville. the cradle of Indu civilization. that which is above mind.. 7. under a federalized setup. this is our next step in our march towards a divine Reality. Then only.3-II. India must first unite from within. 20. whatever its structure. Thus India will not only become the land of Bharat again. this is the way of the soul...2-1.. (Rig-Veda I.For this purpose.

by Sri Aurobindo. * The Supramental Manifestation. Mira Aditi center. New Delhi. Paris. Pondichery. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. Rupa. Mysore 570023 * Histoire de l’Inde Moderne. * The Wonder That was India. Mysore 570023 * Indigenous Indians. * Hindu Society under siege. by Konrad Elst. by Sri Aurobindo. 4th Stage Kuvempunagar. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. Hachette. Distributed in India by Mira Aditi Center. by Sitaram Goel. * The Mother's Agenda. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. by Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. by A. 62 Sriranga 1st Cross. * India's Rebirth. 4th Stage Kuvempunagar. Paris/Plon. Sous la direction de Claude Markovits. 129 . by the Mother. by Sri Aurobindo. 1994 * Le Modèle Indou. Pondichery. 1994. Basham. Pondichery. 4th Stage Kuvempunagar. * Histoire de l'Inde. le Temps & les hommes. 1989 * Mother India and Her destiny. Pondichery. as recorded by Satprem. Par Alexandra David-Neel. 13 volumes. Pondichery. Puf / Perspectives Critiques.Bibliography * Negationism in India. Mysore 570023 * The Mother. * L’Inde où j’ai vécu. Voice of India. 1978 * L’oubli de l’Inde. Voice of India. By Roger-Pol Droit. Paris. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. 1951 ** The author is grateful to the Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust for permission to quote extensively from Sri Aurobindo and the Mother's works. New Delhi. by Jean Danielou. * The Hour of God.L. Fayard. Editions Fayard. by Guy Deleury. Institut de Recherches Evolutives. * Life without death. Voice of India. 62 Sriranga 1st Cross. Mira Aditi centre. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. by Konrad Elst. 62 Sriranga 1st Cross. Pondichery. * Vande Mataram. * The Foundations of Indian Culture. New Delhi. by Sri Aurobindo. by David Frawley. by Satprem. * The Secret of the Veda. Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press. by Sri Aurobindo. * Arise Arjuna. Voice of India. Pondichery.

the sciences and the philosophies of many of the civilizations which are considered today by the West as the cradle of its culture and thought. whether it is by the way of the Aryan invasions. the ubiquitous caste system. and slowly. for eight years and works now for France's largest circulation newspaper. Arise again. or the Greek incursions of Alexander the Great. Calcutta. 130 . "Arise O India” (2000 Har-Anand) which was reprinted three times and in March 2001 “A Western Journalist on India”’ (Har-Anand). Francois. is a French journalist and writer. who also writes for Indian publications (“Ferengi’s column’ in the Indian Express. there are two giants in Asia: China and India. whatever her shortcomings.to outside cultures. or religion .BACK COVER It was always thought that India was a melting pot of different influences coming from the West and that she owes many of her achievements – her sciences. France’s leading political daily. its eyes are turning more and more towards India. has remained a democracy from the time of independence and the spirit of dharma has been preserved in this holy land. the images which clung to the land of Bharat for hundreds of years: poverty. He has published in 1999 “Un Autre Regard sur l’Inde”. while India. Ô India. or Mother Teresa. for which he was invited to the prestigious literary show on French TV “Bouillon de Culture”. He is married to an Indian and has lived in India for the past 32 years. Rediff) shuttles between Delhi and the international city of Auroville near Pondichery. philosophy. in spite of ten centuries of bloody invasions. As the third millennium has dawned. But more and more discoveries. both archeological and linguistic. born in Paris in 1950. are beginning to fade away. are pointing to exactly the opposite direction: in the two millenniums preceding Jesus Christ’s birth. ABOUT THE AUTHOR François Gautier. it is the Indian way of life which went gradually westwards and influenced the religions. As the West is beginning to realize that China is not the economic goldmine it thought. Hindustan Times. "Ouest-France". for thy time has come. But China is in the iron grip of a communist dictatorship since 1948. who was the political correspondent in India and South Asia for « Le Figaro ».

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