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UR52NPlus

UR52NPlus

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Published by: Hyundianto Ag on Oct 01, 2012
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URANUS 52 N

®

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A 25 Cr Super Duplex stainless steel with PREN ≥ 40

URANUS 52N+ (UR 52N+) is a super duplex stainless steel with 25% Cr and a PREN value higher than 40. The minimum guaranteed yield strength is 550 MPa which allows the designer to reduce weight. The molybdenum and nitrogen additions have been optimized in order to obtain the best corrosion resistance properties even for heavy plates. High nitrogen content improves the structure stability particularly in HAZ. Its corrosion resistance is much better than UR B6/N08904 and roughly equivalent to 6 Mo super austenitic alloys. Copper additions increase the corrosion resistance properties, particularly in sulphuric acid media. URANUS 52N+ is a cost efficient grade designed for offshore, marine, phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid applications... as well as pollution control equipments.

STANDARDS

EURONORM ................................ 1. 4507 - X2 Cr Ni Mo Cu N 25.6.3 AFNOR......................................... Z3 CNDU 25.07 AZ ASTM. .......................................... UNS S32550/S32520

CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

Typical values (Weight %)
C < 0.030 Cr 25 Ni Mo N 6.5 3.5 0.25 PREN = [Cr %] + 3.3 [Mo %] + 16 [N %] ≥ 40 Others Cu ≥ 1.5

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Tensile properties - minimum values
°C 20 100 250 Rp 0.2 MPa 550 485 400 Rp 1.0 MPa 570 500 420 Rm MPa 770 700 640 °F 68 212 500 YS 0.2% KSI 78 70 57 YS 1.0% KSI 83 72 61 UTS KSI 111 102 92 El % 25 25 25

Typical temperature range of use : -50°C/+ 270° C (-58°F /+518°F) For lower temperature applications, please contact us.

06/01/2000 - Uranus 52N - Page 1

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Cr N nitride HAZ • σ phase • Cr2 N nitride • χ phase • γphase 2 • M 23 C6 carbide • R Phase • π phase • ε phase (Cu ) • α' phase • G. CLI equipments and heat treatments are optimised in order to control the composition. nickel) which depend on welding processes and parameters. particularly in HAZ. structure and properties of the products. Higher molybdenum and tungsten additions increase the sensitivity to sigma phase transformation.820 kg/m3 .06/01/2000 .. The microstructure free of intermetallic phases contributes to an increase of both toughness properties and corrosion resistance properties. The best results are obtained for high austenite contents (75-60 %) and low oxygen levels. UNS S32760 DTS 25 NWCu °F 1830 1470 1110 750 390 time Cr. W 100 hour Time Possible precipitations in super duplex stainless steels Uranus 52N . W.m .kg-1.1 1 10 10000 (sec. Mo.K ) 17 18 19 -1 -1 Specific heat (J.. phase.25%) in order to increase both corrosion resistance properties and structure stability.) particularly when improperly heat treated.Page 2 + . UR 35 N UR 47N + °C 1000 800 600 400 200 10 100 UR 45 N UR 52N UR 52N + 1000°C 1800°F Cr Mo W Si Mo. Cu.. Si •M7 C3 carbide.. This makes CLI duplex quality. We use a batch furnace to control time and temperature for each individual plate. Nitrogen additions have been increased compared to the former UR 52N grade (0. Mo.28 lb/in3 Interval Temper °C 20-200 20-300 20-500 Thermal expansion αx10 K 13.Typical values HV5 : 250 to 280 HRC < 28 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Density : 7.0. Hardness values . please contact us.18à0. High nitrogen contents associated with high ferrite levels must be avoided. nitrogen.5 -6 -1 °C °F Resistivity (µΩ cm) 85 95 100 Thermal conductivity (W. Cu. For more information.K ) 450 500 530 -1 20 100 200 68 392 392 Young Shear modulus modulus E G (GPa) (GPa) 200 75 190 73 180 70 STRUCTURE STABILITY 25 Cr super duplex grades are subject to intermetallic phase precipitations (σ.) Cr.Impact strength (KV typical values) -50°C (-58°F) > 70 J > 30 J -20°C (-4°F) > 85 J > 40 J 0°C (32°F) > 90 J > 50 J 20°C (68°F) > 95 J > 55 J KV plates (guaranteed) KV weld metal (typical) Impact values of welds are closely related to the microstructure (α / γ balance) and the control of chemical analysis (oxygen. χ.5 14 14. W 300°C 600°F 1000 0.

molybdenum and copper additions. In Pulp and Paper industries.1 % . CORROSION RESISTANCE General corrosion UR 52N+ performs particularly well in sulphuric and phosphoric acid solutions.26% Corrosion rate (mdd) 100 0 ppm F1000 ppm F- 80 60 40 80°C (176°F) 110°C (230°F) 200 100 No Corrosion 20 0 UR B6 UR 52N + UR B28 UR SB8 N 08904 S32550 N 08028 N08932 Phosphoric acid production Effect of the attack temperature on the corrosion rate 0 316L 317LNM UR45N N08904 UR 52N Pollution control equipments Effects of fluoride contents on the uniform corrosion rate Chloride concentration (ppm) 2000 1600 1200 800 400 UR 52N + UR B6 UR 45N 317 LNM 317 LN 316 LN 316L Corrosion rate (mdd) 80 70 60 50 40 30 316L 20 10 0 20 UR 45N 304L White liquor : NaOH : 125 g/l Na2S : 50 g/ll Na2/So4 : 16 g/l Na2CO3 : 27 g/l Sulfidity : 21 % H2S bubbling 20 68 60 140 80 176 120 216 (°C) (°F) UR 52N + 40 60 80 100 Chloride concentration (g/l) Safe use limits of stainless steels versus chloride content and temperature in 54 % P205 Heat transfer (solution 140°C ..H 2 SiF6 1.Al3+ 0. The chemical analysis and heat treatment are optimised in order to reach a 50% α / 50% γ microstructure. Due to high chromium. Boiling curve Corrosion rate mg/dm²/24 h 212 100 80°C (176°F) 85°C (185°F) 100 Temperature (°C) 80 176 Temperature (°F) S32520 60 N08904 N08926 140 10 40 316 104 S31803 316 URB6 UR52N UR47N + UNS UR52N + 904L S32550 S32750 S32760 S32550 100 68 20 0 20 40 60 H 2SO 4 (% wt) 80 Corrosion rate in 10% H2SO4 + 500 ppm Claerated. UR 52N+ behaves well in scrubber systems. screws. at 80°C and 85°C (176°F and 185°F) Corrrosion rate (mdd) 300 Medium : NaCl 30g/l + Fe2 (SO4)3 0. Mixed acids are often associated with chlorides and in pollution control equipments.5% Fe3+ 0.0.Page 3 + .F.06/01/2000 ..Sample 80°C) Pulp and Paper industry Corrosion rate versus chloride content in Kraft media Uranus 52N . The duplex microstructure which provides high mechanical properties explains why the alloy behaves particularly well in abrasioncorrosion conditions (agitators. even in presence of chlorides.1976/2018°F).Heat treatment : UR 52N+ is delivered in the solution annealed and water quenched conditions (1080/1120°C . UR 52N+ is used in the most severe conditions encountered for example in digester (resistant to hot wall problems). chips presteaming vessels or in some bleaching equipments.pH = 2 aerated T = 60°C Test duration 15 days Medium : P205 : 30% .35% .2% . rakes.H 2 SO4 : 2% .).

mV/SCE 1000 800 600 400 200 UR 35N UR B6 904L 316 UR 52N UR 52N+ NaCl 30 g/l Repassivation potential (1 mA/cm²) mV/SCE 1000 800 600 400 200 0 -200 UNS S31803 UR B6 904 L UNS S32550 UNS S32520 °C 20 40 60 80 100 °F 70 105 140 175 210 Pitting potential taken from polarization curves for different stainless steels 20 40 60 80 100 °C 70 105 140 175 210 °F Repassivation potential in 15% NaCl solution CO2 saturated °C 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 DUPLEX Ask Us Guaranteed SUPER-AUSTENITICS °F 175 140 105 70 °C 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 DUPLEX Ask Us Guaranteed SUPER-AUSTENITICS °F 175 140 105 70 UR 35N S32304 UR 45N S31803 316L UR B6 904L UR 52N+ S32520 Test ASTM G48A PITTING in a 6% FeCl3 solution Test ASTM G78 CREVICE in a 6% FeCl3 solution °C 60 40 11.H.2% HCl + 1% FeCl3 + 1% CuCl2 UR52N+ UR45N 317LNM °F Crevice area % 80 Medium .4000ppm + CaS04 7% Fe (SO 4)3 0.Cl. nearly equivalent to 6 Mo super γ grade.5% H2SO4 + 1.PREN ≥ 35 4 pH 2 UNS 32550/S32520 UR 52N+ UNS 32550/S32520 UR 52N+ UNS 08926 . The alloy behaves much better than 904L and is.7% : pH = 1 aerated T = 60°C Test duration 15 days 140 60 UR 52N+ S32520 UR 35N S32304 UR 45N S31803 UR B26 08926 105 40 0 ppm F400 ppm F- 20 316 70 20 0 316 L 317 LNM UR 45N N08904 UR 52N + GREEN DEATH .(ppm) 6 0 1 g/l 400 1000 0 5 g/l 400 1000 0 30 g/l 400 1000 0 300 g/l 400 1000 UR 45N + UNS 31803 . In some cases.UR B26 1 N06022 .60°C (140°F) Based on extensive tests results Pitting and crevice corrosion The minimum PREN value of 40 also explains why the alloy is highly resistant to pitting corrosion and crevice corrosion.effect of fluoride content Uranus 52N .H.Page 4 + UR B26 08926 316L UR B6 904L .C276 MATERIAL GUIDE FOR USING IN FGD EQUIPMENTS .Chloride level F. the crevice corrosion resistance is slightly higher than 6 Mo alloys due to the 25% Cr additions. for pitting corrosion resistance.06/01/2000 .CRITICAL PITTING TEMPERATURE Pollution control equipments Crevice corrosion test on samples fitted with multi-crevice washers .C22 N10276 .

(%) 0 304L 316L UR52N 904L Stress corrosion cracking in chloride media : 300 g/l NaCl . Uranus 52N . Hot forming Between 1150°C and 1000°C (2102 and 1832°F). For cold deformations higher than 20 %. Pickling Same conditions as for 316L grade.01 0. SCC occurs. Open circles means no SCC for UNS 32550/UR 52N+ SCC resistance 10 20 30 40 316L 170 HE URB6 MR 01-75 limits for 22 Cr and 25 Cr duplex 100000 CRACKING S 31803 UR 45N 10000 NO CRACKING S 32550 UR 52N + NO CRACKING CRACKING Loss of ductility 1000 0.pH = 1 Threshold stress without crack after 1 month Chloride (mg/l) Austenitic Duplex UR45N UR47N UR52N 1000000 0.Elongation in corrosive medium Hydrogen Sulphide (psi) Suggested limits for Duplex and Super duplex stainless steels Cold forming Due to its higher mechanical properties.1 Constant-strain tests in autoclave Above the curve.Stress corrosion cracking resistance The stress corrosion resistance properties of URANUS 52N+ is excellent in high temperature chloride containing solutions as well as in sour gas applications. the cold forming of UR 52N+ requires more strength than austenitic grades. An increase of the temperature of the pickling bath reduces the pickling time.2 % Stress threshold UR 45N UR 35N 390 300 200 100 AISI 304/316 0 210 100 32 10 Cl.Elongation in air . After hot forming.T = 110°C . an intermediate heat treatment is required (solution annealing 1080/1120°C (1976/2018°F) + water cooling). FABRICATION 300 200 °C UR 52N + 570 Super duplex No cracking °F MPa 500 400 Rp 0.06/01/2000 . 110°C .1 1 10 100 Slow strain rate tests (10-6/sec) in NaCl. Detailed guidelines for cold forming of unwelded and welded plates are available upon request.Page 5 + .001 0. but the pickling time is at least twice that of 316L grade. a new solution annealing heat treatment in the range 1080/1120°C (1976/2018°F) + water cooling is necessary. 40% pH=2 (HCl).

Filler materials and shielding gases guaranteeing PREN > 40 have been developed (wire. . GTAW (with filler). GMAW. Brushed or pickled welds perform better. over alloyed filler materials are recommended (nickel and/or nitrogen additions). In order to control the structure and properties.5 KJ/mm and 2 JK/mm is recommended (depending on the process and on the thickness of the plate). The best results are obtained for solution annealed welds.Page 6 + .a list of tested filler materials is available on request. CRITICAL PITTING TEMPERATURE ON WELDED STRUCTURE . The use of nickel based weld consumables allow to increase the corrosion resistance of welded structures (avoid 625 alloys but use Nb free grades like H. for SMAW.C22 20 70 25 75 30 85 35 93 40 45 50 105 113 120 55 60 65 70 CPT°C 131 140 150 160 CPT°F Corrosion resistance properties of welded structures are very dependant on welding parameters and surface condition. PAW (with filler). As in welded conditions. Excessive dilutions must be avoided.no PWHT. FCAW and SAW weld metal aim for the lower part of the range (20 to 40%).C22 or SG Ni Cr 23 Mo 16 or PHYWELD NCM (Nb free 625).06/01/2000 . electrodes) . The welding procedures are similar to those of other duplex stainless steels : .ASTM G48A CORROSION CRITERIA : > 10 mg WEIGHT LOSS GRADE FILLER 316L UR 45 N 316 L 22 Cr duplex UR 45 N+ 25 Cr duplex UR 825 UR B6 UR 52N+ UR 52N+ 625 625 25 Cr Duplex Alloy H. the ferrite ratio in the heat affected zone should be lower than 70% between 20 to 60% for the weld metal . .interpass temperature less than 150°C (302°F) and preferably less than 120°C (248°F) . Avoid oxyde scales or contaminations. except solution annnealing at 1080/1120°C (1976/2048°F) + water cooling.WELDING URANUS 52N+ can be welded using the following processes : SMAW.no pre-heating.heat input between 0. Uranus 52N . Precise welding parameters for each type of process and thicknesses are available on request. metallic cored wire.

bleaching towers.06/01/2000 .5")width plates Uranus 52N .. §Phosphoric acid plants.DESIGN Cost factor considerations Maximum allowable stresses given by several pressure vessel codes are shown here. §Pollution control equipments (scrubbers).3 [%Mo] + 16 [%N] 45 UR B26 URB6 317LNM 316 UR 35N UR 76N UR 45N+ UR45N UR B26 08926 40 35 30 25 50 20 316L UR B6 UR45N 31803 UR 35N 32304 UR 52N+ 32550/520 UR 45N+ 31803 304 20 Corrosion resistance PREN = [%Cr] + 3.. §Chemical industry including organic acid applications... The high mechanical properties of URANUS 52N+ allow thickness and. consequently.3 [%Mo] + 16 [%N] 30 40 200 250 300 350 400 450 500YS 0.5" Up to 8250 mm Up to 325" Clad plates 6 to 150 mm 1/4" to 6" Up to 3300 mm Up to 130" Up to 14000 mm Up to 551" Other sizes are available on request.. §Petrochemical industry including PVC strippers.2 MPa Mechanical properties APPLICATIONS §Seawater systems and applications (diving spheres. cost reductions.1 BS 5500 ADW 2 108 166 128 128 155 275 289 300 123 176 173 167 190 287 294 327 35 % 38 % 42 % 49 % COST EFFECTIVENESS ASPECTS Cost including weight saving factors Corrosion resistance PREN = [%Cr] + 3. §Pulp and paper industry (digesters. §Sulphuric acid plants.Page 7 + . including 4100mm (161.). §Oil and gas Industry including sour gas applications.. Design stress values (Typical values) Room temperature (MPa) Country Code 316 UR 45N 31803 UR B6 904L UR 52N 32550/520 + Saving factors + UR52N / URB6 USA F UK D ASME VIII. f.. §Truck-lorries multipurpose containers. . DIV1 CODAP 90. We are happy to offer assistance in evaluating potential cost savings related to pressure vessel or structural design and the excellent corrosion resistance properties of UR 52N+.). SIZE RANGE Thickness Width Length Hot rolled plates 5 to 150 mm 3/16" to 6" Up to 3300 mm Up to 130" Up to 12000 mm Up to 472" Cold rolled plates 2 to 14 mm 5/64" to 5/8" Up to 2300 mm Up to 90.

and may only be considered as guarantees when our company has given written formal approval. FAFER 56 Rue Clemenceau 266. However. For all information : CREUSOT-LOIRE INDUSTRIE.06/01/2000 . Furthermore. rue du Chatelet 71202 LE CREUSOT CEDEX .6030 MARCHIENNE AU PONT Sales Tel +33 3 85 80 52 16 Tel +32 71 44 18 78 Fax +33 3 85 80 51 77 Fax +32 71 44 19 59 Development CLI-FAFER Tel Fax +33 3 85 80 55 03 +33 3 85 80 59 66 Uranus 52N . The data presented here is only for the purpose of description.Further information may be obtained from the following address. real conditions are specific for each application. it may be subject to some slight variations due to our ongoing research programme on corrosion resistant grades.NOTE This technical data and information represents our best knowledge at the time of printing. in service.FRANCE B.Page 8 + . We therefore suggest that information be verified at time of enquiry or order.

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