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How i arrived at my area of concern – i was always fascinated by buildings that can respond to certain criteria – be it climatic conditions or simply somebody’s fancy! Kinetic architecture is a concept where buildings are designed so that significant portions can move while retaining structural integrity. A building's capability for motion can be used just to enhance it aesthetic qualities but can also allow it to respond to environmental conditions and to perform functions that would be impossible for a static structure. Architecture stands at the threshold of a new evolution. Charles darwin has suggested that the problem of survival always depends upon the capability of an object to adapt in a changing environment. This theory holds true for architecture. Architectural applications in responsive kinetic architecture arise from issues of spatial efficiency and adaptability. an adaptable space flexibly responds to the requirements of any human activity. Adaptability may range from multi-use interior re-organization to complete structure transformability. Kinetic function in building parts provides that the objects in the built environment are physically present only when they are necessary, and disappear or transform when not needed. This is to suggest that a new aesthetic, a new concept of form, is inherent in responsive architecture. By incorporating motion into architecture, designers give occupants another dimension by which to interact with their surroundings. When done properly, kinetic architecture can inspire, surprise and even touch the soul. This introduction to kinetic architecture highlights its purposes and benefits, and provides strategies for designing and constructing moving building elements that optimize sustainability in architecture. Today's life is dynamic, therefore the space we are living in should be dynamic as well, adjustable to our needs that change continuously to our concept of design andour mood. Kinetic buildings can follow the rhythms of nature and can change direction and shape from spring to summer, from sunrise to sunset and adjust themselves to the weather so, buildings will be alive. Kinetic architecture will allow architects to develop realistic consideration of human and environmental conditions. The result will be architecture of unique and wholly unexplored applications that address the dynamic, flexible and constantly changing activities of today and tomorrow. Adaptive response to change must intelligently moderate human activity and the environment and build on the task of enhancing everyday activities by creating architecture that extends our capabilities.
and should. Accordingly. be more responsive to the way we live our contemporary lives. Architecture has based itself primarily upon longevity and the simple need for shelter. Through investigation we realize that we are involuntarily required to adjust to our environment or physically adjust our environment to suit our needs. An understanding of these conditions could influence proposals for a new generation of responsive architectural spaces that could react to the needs oftheir users. technology bases itself on The conception of temporality through the need of longevity. our built environments do not fully facilitate our needs by adapting to the way move and interact. environment. In order to synthesize the two in the “age of technology”. A functional response in architecture implicates the juxtaposition Of response. Better yet. Kinetic expression applied to architecture is conceived directly through the physical motion of form/surface and/or structure.Therotical background: A response is a reaction to a specific stimulus. How we can make our built environments adaptable becomes the basis of criticism. how can our buildings facilitate ideas for a better social realm? These criticisms ultimately lead to the reality of perpetually changing user needs. This process and other commodified processes are simple compared to That of the human reactive processes relative to architecture. we need to purchase another updated version because we can’t live our lives without Being connected to a computer. Referencing a paradigm that the computer industry has established. Architecture could. A response intrinsically and concomitantly creates a kinesis. and behavior. Thus. movement or motion. This currently creates a polarity between real life and the buildings in which we dwell. The term function implies a definite purpose that serves a particular kind of work it is intended to perform. and form. The potential of creating temporal architecture lies in the kinetic realm. Responses manifest themselves in functions such as growth. The level to which we satisfy our needs can depend upon the temporality or the longevity of the need Question. architecture must learn how to exhibit temporality through Longevity. . This polarity between “real life” and the environments we inhabit needs to be analogous. what surrounds us. user. Motion is an inherent condition of many systems that allow a successful adaptation to The changing conditions of the environment or its user. just as other industries do. adaptation. we have come to accept the fact that Computers and the technology that they are provided with become nearly obsolete within a few years of Use. In order to calculate reasons for kinetic proposals we must begin by analyzing real life. For the most part.
How could a solid structure open and close to let daylight go in without changing its form too much? What kind of structure should be the most adequate to use in order to create a structure that is self supported? How can a solid structure (such as beams or columns) move to completely change position without decreasing its efficiency during this process and create a new shape? subquestions: about main structure: Which kind of structure is more stable for this type of project? What is the most efficient way to reconfigure an entire structure? What is the exact position for the new configurations? What are the mechanical possibilities to achieve a reconfiguration? What kind of material is more suitable for this task? About secondary structure (light and water features): How can a structure move in order to control light income? How can a structure deal with combined needs? (e.) What kind of materials are available to create this features? What kind of material is more suitable to adapt into the structure? . Applicable uses: Public squares Gardens Arenas Stations Cultural centers Galleries Emerging questions: Is it possible to create a 3d structure that can be stable in 3 different configurations* and that at the same time deals with sunlight and rain water control? *these configurations are: closed.i. rain+need of light. rain+ventilation. semi open and completely open (hidden).Hypothesis: A kinetic structure can be design to control sunlight and rain water in an open public space at the same time it reconfigures itself to provide a duality of open and closed space. Sun control+ventilation. etc.
(2)biometric control systems physically engage users to permit access to specific environments or information. The ongoing transformation of contemporary society into an environment controlled by technology is rapidly expanding. 2. These responses do not parallel the cultural adaptations occurring concomitantly with the purveyance of new technology. The influence of computer technology. Select the mechanical systems 5. If architecture is to approach a more physically engaging system of use with regard to techno-social interaction. global positioning.Modeling of the secondary structure 13. Modeling of the structure 7. Select the reconfiguration positions of the structure 4. What are the machanical posibilities to achieve this movement? Methodology: 1. intelligent buildings and Computer controlled environmental systems allow for minimal user response.Search for mechanism to control environmental factors 11. users are in complete control of their communication abilities within almost any context of society.Search for materials for secondary structure 12. these items are becoming more readily available to the common consumer. receive. Structural analysis in different configurations 8. These systems have the ability to respond to a precise set of parameters controlled by the user. . Study the context and the site of the design. Search for the reconfigurable structures available 3. Search for daylight parameters and sun trajectory 9. then some of these techno-social interchanges and processes need to be defined. (1) the ubiquity of portable and wireless technology allows for users to download. and send any type of information from multiple sources and to multiple destinations.Light analysis (flux) Critical stance: Technological advancements and the increasing necessity for programmable/adaptable environments have amplified the need for spaces that are more responsive to users. It is constantly redefining our cultural interactions and architectural space should interact and respond to these techno-social interchanges. Physically. Analysis of combined environmental factors (rain+light+ventilation) 10. programmable building systems. biometric controls. and other systems are not just being used by high tech businesses and world governments. Search for materials for main structure 6. thus communication advancement has allowed for maximum flexibility through physical orientation and through the critical dimension of time. Through these interactions the human body actually becomes the sender and receiver of artificial information. Currently. Technological advancement has created More engaging activities in which people can instantly connect using variable modes of communication.
automotive and other industries. were incorporated or embedded into architecture. architecture should develop systems that support and possibly help define how these interchanges occur. aerospace. is compatible with the environmental control elements (cladding or any other element that will serve for sunlight and rain control). such as these. they indirectly influence the consumer market. It has not evolved to a sophisticated level of adaptation or advancement as have Other aforementioned complex systems. the structure should have such a geometry that. As techno-social Interchanges physically change our daily activities and experiences. . As a fisrt approach. when placed together. at first sight. at the same time it enables the contraction and deployment. In most cases these systems do not directly affect the user or consumer as the first two examples do. This image shows a series of deployable arches that. a geometry was chosen that can.support and possibly help define how these interchanges occur. Existing technology interchanges facilitate the need for application and assimilation of new technologies in architectural design for architectural environments.(3) computer driven robotic systems have become ubiquitous in product manufacturing. Analytical framework: Analytical framework: structural approach First of all. then constructed environments could assume the possibilities of being responsive in real-time. which inherently affects social interaction by being responsive to changing conditions within the market. The systems can also be reconfigured with new software to perform new functions that emerge depending on consumer market analysis. These systems are configured to perform a variety precise functions with varied movements over specified periods of time. form a roof. moreover. yet architecture remains static. Real-time responses in architecture can create more dynamic interfaces between technology and users. If interchange ideals. achieve the configurations. A similar geometry can be taken into considereation for reproducing the desired configurations.
three orders of tesselation . single curved structures.Another aspect of the structure should be the tesselation that would be chosen in order to cover the space. or even different shape modules. should be necessary to achieve the final form. There are some kinds of tesselations that are more appropriate to use for planar. some other tesselations. or at least. If the structure is double curved or has a free form.
So protecting this space to give a comfortable stay is one of the reasons. How to create a structure that can also be compatible with the cladding: and 2. On the other hand. How would the two wings of the structure adapt to each other in order to work as one structural entity. Project identify: Multi-use skyscraper using kinetic architecture Aim: To create a pavillion where multi-uses are integrated for better functioning and convenience. . where the need of shading and a temporary shelter is necessary in order to hold some public events. people are familiar with these spaces as open. or purely to protect the people that gather in this place from sun and rain. So a big impact would be produced if a static structure is designed in this context. Why introduce a kinetic structure for solving a specific architectural problem? To arrive at the answer think of a public square.Semiregular tessellations demiregular tessellations The main concerns at this point are two: 1. It can even make people to stop coming and enjoying the space.
with living space upstairs. The real city is scaleless. and the ground floor of buildings was often devoted to some sort of commercial or productive use. and even uncertainty. to accommodate various needs and requirements. sturdiness. Most buildings were not divided into discrete functions on a room by room basis. people lived at very high densities because the amount of space required for daily living and movement between different activities was determined by walkability and the scale of the human body. Small movement to control in an accurate way the light income. Need and scope of the project: Throughout most of human history. Therefore two different movements are identified for the structure: 1. Big movement to completely open the structure and keep the scene of outdoor space. Walking was the primary way that people and goods were moved about. . Objective: To enhance and improve the urban realm according to the changing lifestyles. the majority of human settlements developed as mixed-use environments. and to control rain water. 2. or textiles or footwear due to the socio-economic benefits of propinquity.Taking the above into account. and immobility. Although. and most neighborhoods contained a diversity of uses. unpredictability. Most people dwelt in buildings that were places of work as well as domestic life. Through these applications architecture can be the process and inform the processes of our daily lives rather than just being the output of a process. and made things or sold things from their own homes. This movement can be achieved by two means: small accumulative movements or a single big scale movement. and heterogeneous. the main objective of introducing a kinetic structure in a public square is to manage sunlight and rain water in order to bring a comfortable space to stay. This structure should be clever enough to keep the scene of outdoor space. which entirely depends of the sun trajectory and the season. even if some districts developed a predominance of certain uses. Kinetic systems provide movement. such as metalworkers. These transitional properties can Infer change and liveliness. sometimes assisted by animals such as horses or cattle. This was particularly true in cities. connective. Current approaches to design in architecture assume that buildings must provide stability. amporphous. the way we live today suggests constant movement. as previously mentioned.
David Harvey proposes a form of “global” stability based on the connectedness. . underscore inherent deficiencies of the methods and goals of traditional urbanism. The phenomenon of the megalopolis. self-sufficient stratified skyscraper. and lack of articulation characterizing contemporary material and economic structures as a mode of postcapitalist production that offers an alternative to the Keynesian model i. mobility is connection to the complexity of the outside. Can a project exist that is capable of integrating and at the same time subverting the architectural banality that capitalist tactics seem to elicit? Public space became interiorized within the mechanism of the threedimensional. the drive to capitalize on the production of built space. ubiquitous in the Third World. to search for new forms of analysis capable of integrating disorder and an accelerated rate of change in to the production of space. Developer autonomy creates drive to build an entire city within one development. shifts from an emphasis on aspects of control – with the architect focused on locating geometric and functional order – to an emphasis on aspects of interpretation. circulation is internal between functions. London is more connected to Kuala Lumpur than their immediately adjacent urban areas.e. flexibility. mixed-use: layered typologies increasingly depended on the ground floor and basement – on their infrastructural connections and their capacity to transform preexisting conditions. Guy Debord – situationist movement underscored the totalizing nature of the post-war modern city as a unitary and universal spectacle aimed at legitimizing capitalist practices.
public. dedicated to the ultimate forms of consumption. of the similarity of operations associated with the flexible flow of capital. “commercial approach” . . multiplying centrality rather than correcting imbalances. a system of market feedback – makes room for small-scale real estate developers in a kind of democratization of capitalism. Throughout the 1980s the pattern of dispersal of the mixed-use high-rise spread rapidly among medium-sized cities in the United States. intended to create the spectacle of an egalitarian society made cohesive by consumption. and superimposing of mechanical.interiorized public space with atrium-like configuration. Thus. “rhizomatic” Deleuze – represents a kind of economic warfare that pits the guerillas of flexible capitalism against the rigidity of the existing city and the intensive accumulation of huge commercial “containers”. case study “fashion buildings” in Shinuku district of Tokyo are evidence of a certain automorphic reproduction. Short life cycle disperse traditional urban centralities without repercussions for urban planning. mixed-use skyscraper vehicle for decentralization. the mixed-use skyscraper is particularly well suited to contemporary real estate development strategies. Self-perpetuation. and private structures. dense building depth. This produced a model for real estate transactions that was instrumental in the globalized economy. Jean Baudrillard – simulacrum of public space (selective and guarded). which was now uninterested in the specialized nature and identity of the inherited modernist city. Complex programmatic organization.
06"n longitude: 72°34'37.Skyscraper & Connectivity:of the building Hence. we can say that a public realm that accomodates various requirements is the need of the hour.53"e . Site selected: ahemdabad. gujrat – nehru bridge latitude: 23° 1'38.
five are in the bidding stage and feasibility reports of 17 projects are being prepared. or neighborhood for more than one purpose.Project definition: Mixed-use development is the use of a building. have been mentioned in the gidb list. for their views on sezs. The state has 46 running or approved sezs – the largest in the country in bengal. like the tata group. The committee. infosys and mahindra and mahindra. gujarat. the demand is to fix land ceiling between 400 and 1000 hectares for multi-prod. The state also wants steps to prevent it firms from misusing the tax one of the leading industrialised states in the country. wants the entire state declared as a special economic zone (sez) so that it can attract more investment.the land factor in gujarat. respectively. 133 will be in the private sector with an investment of rs 62.197 crore. over 15 per cent of land is infertile.sition is not a problem. for the first time. The official was speaking at a meeting of the standing committee on commerce. on wednesday. three have already been implemented and seven are under implementation. As many as 113 projects worth rs 18. To apply the technologies and innovations of kinetic architecture in a multi-use skyscraper to further enhance its functionality. Of these. Of the 380 projects.993 crore. invited political parties and organisations.uct sezs. (16/6/01) 2. state governments and corporate houses. Eighty-four projects are being implemented with capital investment from the state government.287 crore and rs 3.863 crore.380 infrastructure projects in gujarat the gujarat infrastructure development board (gidb) plans to take up 380 infrastructure projects in the state in the next 10 years involving a total capital investment of rs 116. Thirty-two of the private sector projects will be completed by december 2002. so land acqui. according to a senior state government official. The previous two such meetings saw various ministries and government .710 crore. Criteria for site selection : 5 reasons for selecting gujrath: 1. not included in the vision 2010. set of buildings. looking into the sez issue. Eleven new projects have been approved. Gidb also plans to undertake the development of lng infrastructure at the dahej and hazira ports with an investment of rs 2.
Confirming this.if each developer is given large tracts of land. What could be the first indian city to really strive for a proper. This latest twister comes after local builders were even given a sneak preview at a private screening by the sabarmati riverfront development corporation limited earlier. What will make the project particularly viable for global and national players is the high fsi (floor space index) that is being planned to allow the building of skyscrapers. skyscraper-filled cbd! [ sunday. planned. The government is planning to invite global bids for large chunks of land in the 32 hectares earmarked for commercial and residential development. "the overriding concern is that the project matches global standards. 3. it will help maintain the desired skyline and synergy in design. "a proper job which would meet international standards is possible only if large . Bharatiya janata party leader murli manohar joshi chairs the 40-member committee. Instead. dlf. 2006 09:43:18 pm times news network ] the river's banks may not really become a playground for the smaller fish. As many as 20 hectares are to be sold for commercial projects and the remaining 12 hectares are allocated for residential projects." the idea is that it will be easy to handle the infrastructural needs .like parking . Biggies like unitech. the deadline for completion of walkways along the 11. With the urban design plan is on course. rahejas and emaar may actually traipse away with the mega-deals that will be on offer later this year. narrow strips of land stretching up to 1 km each could be considered the minimum unit. Besides." the invitation for global bids could be out as early as october 2006. may 28. The government's view is that it does not make sense in splitting up the land into small plots. srfdcl chairman anil mukim said. The only ahmedabad-based realty player who looks capable of generating such resources is adani group chairman gautam s adani.departments sharing their views. who has just bagged one of the biggest realty deals in mumbai's bandra-kurla complex. especially in the central business district (cbd) proposed between the nehru bridge and the gandhi bridge. to be ready by august-september 2006.5 km-long stretch between subhash bridge and vasna barrage. the general development and control regulations are expected to be finalised by october 2006 after which global bids would be invited.
” Gandhinagar. “talks are on for a suitable plot in ahmedabad. It has to its credit projects like burj dubai project. the group plans to pump in more money as company is bullish about the state." he said. hotels. regarded as the tallest building in the world. “ahmedabad has a great future. In the subsequent phases.emaar mgf land private limited is planning to invest over rs 1. There will be about 500 state-of-the-art rooms in the hotel. The state government is very positive about the entire project. there are many examples of very successful implementations of mixed-use development.500 people. . Mumbai and in Gurgaon. is knocking the door of realty market of gujarat." said a k raheja corp spokesperson. The convention centre will be able to accommodate 3. Sheth further said. this will be the right type of outlet. Players like k raheja corp also can't help drooling. In India. notably projects in Powai. and gujarat is witnessing tremendous growth under the present leadership. Emaar properties has a market capitalisation of over $40 billion and is the world’s largest real estate company. “with the centre declaring 51 per cent foreign direct investment in retail. Emaar mgf land private limited is a jv between emaar properties pjsc dubai and mgf development of india. 5. malls. "we will certainly pitch in when bids are invited. and it parks in the state. Shree raj travels & tours is poised to set up the country’s tallest hotel in ahmedabad at an estimated investment of rs 350 crore. The hotel is scheduled to come up at sg highway. which will have only internationally branded garments. may 20: the world’s largest real estate company. for which a foreign architect will be roped in. __________________ 4. there will be a shopping complex. Besides. emaar group along with its indian partner. our hotel will give the message to tourists and the business world that ahmedabad has arrived. Haryana.” he said.chunks of land are offered. Mixed Use Development in Asia Mixed use development has been successful in China.” sheth added.000 crore in townships.
but in all those years the world and its needs changes and the structure might become redundant. Justification: Nothing in life is static. 4. 3. recrational etc. Implications of using mechanical contraptions Probable case studies. Feasibility of the project in the given situation. Issues to be addressed: 1. a multi-functional building fits the bill! Kinetic architecture is a boon for architectural designing. 2.thesis. 2. Climatic and wind conditions Structural stability. kinetic architecture perhaps is the ideal solution to cater to the different weather conditions and also harness energy. 5. The adjacent buildings and their typology to be taken into account. new terminal 1d at delhi’s igi airport: ar. We build buildings that are intended to serve their purpose for many years to come. India tower.hafeez contractor 2. 3. Thorough understanding of climatic and wind conditions to intervene suitably. everything in life undergoes subtle and drastic changes to morph itself with the surroundings – as goes darwins theory of “survival of the fittest”.Factors that need to be understood for doing the project: 1. Feasibility of various combinations of residential. This is valid with architecture too. In a place like indiaexperiencing tropical climatic. To accommodate these changing requirements and to blend in and cater to the present needs. and many changes in climatic conditions throught the year.literature studies: 1. Mixed use skyscraper. commercial. 4. Sound knowledge of structural and service details.rakesh pate . mumbai 3. Understanding of mechanical contraptions that are used in the structure.
4.co. 6.org/ Mecart.net/ www.php?/2010/the-skyscraperand-connectivity/ Kineticarchitecture.uniserver.nl/en/project/thesis-mixed-use-skyscraper http://www.blogspot. 4.html http://vs603. 3. Mixed use skyscraper. 5.kartik p jadhav Probable requirements: 1.kineticarchitecture. 2.net .in/p/thesis.nz/index.thesis. Residential Commercial Recreational Pool Theatres Vertical garden Bibliography: http://kartixart.kateandrew.