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Toxin Detecting Bacteriophage Nanoparticles

Toxin Detecting Bacteriophage Nanoparticles

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The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has developed phage-like nanoparticles with the ability to detect toxins. The nanoparticles are produced in E. coli and can display many antibodies on its relatively large head. Toxin recognition is made possible with surface modification through either genetic engineering or direct chemical conjugation allowing for the display of llama antibodies. The multiple copies of antibodies per particle increases the detection sensitivity through increased avidity. Studies have confirmed the nanoparticles' ability to detect the toxin ricin, as shown above. Due to the genetic engineering approach, new displayed antibodies can be rapidly produced on the nanoparticle head for detection of different toxins. Underwater detection is possible when using the phage-like particle as a sensor platform. The bacteriophage is non-contagious (not viable), non-toxic, and biodegradable. The phage-like particles have been confirmed to be non-toxic to human umbilical endothelial cells, astrocytes, and liver cells.

NRL Technology Transfer Office
http://www.nrl.navy.mil/techtransfer/fs.php?fs_id=SEN47

Naval Research Laboratory website
http://www.nrl.navy.mil
The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has developed phage-like nanoparticles with the ability to detect toxins. The nanoparticles are produced in E. coli and can display many antibodies on its relatively large head. Toxin recognition is made possible with surface modification through either genetic engineering or direct chemical conjugation allowing for the display of llama antibodies. The multiple copies of antibodies per particle increases the detection sensitivity through increased avidity. Studies have confirmed the nanoparticles' ability to detect the toxin ricin, as shown above. Due to the genetic engineering approach, new displayed antibodies can be rapidly produced on the nanoparticle head for detection of different toxins. Underwater detection is possible when using the phage-like particle as a sensor platform. The bacteriophage is non-contagious (not viable), non-toxic, and biodegradable. The phage-like particles have been confirmed to be non-toxic to human umbilical endothelial cells, astrocytes, and liver cells.

NRL Technology Transfer Office
http://www.nrl.navy.mil/techtransfer/fs.php?fs_id=SEN47

Naval Research Laboratory website
http://www.nrl.navy.mil

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: U.S. Naval Research Laboratory on Oct 02, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/30/2013

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TOXIN DETECTING BACTERIOPHAGE NANOPARTICLES
Advantages/Features Recovers from E. coli with 90% purity Uses commercially available equipment and techniques for large-scale production Demonstrates no growth impact on cells Applications Toxin detection Sensor surface for bio-recognition Sensor probes For more information contact: Rita Manak, Ph.D. Head, Technology Transfer Office 202 767-3083 rita.manak@nrl.navy.mil Identification Number: SEN47

The Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) has developed phage-like nanoparticles with the ability to detect toxins. The nanoparticles are produced in E. coli and can display many antibodies on its relatively large head. Toxin recognition is made possible with surface modification through either genetic engineering or direct chemical conjugation allowing for the display of llama antibodies. The multiple copies of antibodies per particle increases the detection sensitivity through increased avidity. Studies have confirmed the nanoparticles' ability to detect the toxin ricin, as shown above. Due to the genetic engineering approach, new displayed antibodies can be rapidly produced on the nanoparticle head for detection of different toxins. Underwater detection is possible when using the phage-like particle as a sensor platform. The bacteriophage is non-contagious (not viable), non-toxic, and biodegradable. The phage-like particles have been confirmed to be non-toxic to human umbilical endothelial cells, astrocytes, and liver cells.
References "Bacteriophage T4 Nanoparticles as Materials in Sensor Applications: Variables That Influence Their Organization and Assembly on Surfaces," Sensors 9 (2009) 6298-6311. Available for License: Patent applications have been filed.

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