This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

org

**Limits and Derivatives Formulas
**

1. Limits

Properties

if lim f ( x) = l and lim g ( x) = m , then

x→a x→a

Power rule

d n x = nx n −1 dx

( )

(

Chain rule

lim [ f ( x ) ± g ( x)] = l ± m

x→a

lim [ f ( x) ⋅ g ( x) ] = l ⋅ m

x→a

d f ( g ( x ) ) = f ′ ( g ( x) ) g ′( x) dx

)

Common Derivatives

d (c) = 0 dx d ( x) = 1 dx d ( sin x ) = cos x dx d ( cos x ) = − sin x dx d 1 ( tan x ) = 2 = sec2 x dx cos x

f ( x) l = where m ≠ 0 lim x →a g ( x) m

lim c ⋅ f ( x) = c ⋅ l

x →a

lim

x →a

1 1 = where l ≠ 0 f ( x) l

Formulas

1 lim 1 + = e x →∞ n

n

lim (1 + n ) n = e

x →∞

1

sin x lim =1 x→ 0 x tan x lim =1 x→ 0 x cos x − 1 lim =0 x→ 0 x

**d ( sec x ) = sec x tan x dx d ( csc x ) = − csc cot x dx d 1 ( cot x ) = − 2 = − csc2 x dx sin x
**

d 1 sin −1 x = dx 1 − x2

lim

x −a = na n −1 x→a x − a

n

n

( (

(

)

an −1 lim = ln a x→ 0 x

d 1 cos −1 x = − dx 1 − x2

)

2. Common Derivatives

Basic Properties and Formulas

( cf )′ = cf ′( x) (f

± g )′ = f ′( x) + g ′( x) f ′ ⋅ g + f ⋅ g′

Product rule

( f ⋅ g )′ =

f g

Quotient rule

′ f ′ ⋅ g − f ⋅ g ′ = g2

d 1 tan −1 x = dx 1 + x2 d x a = a x ln a dx d x e = ex dx d 1 ( ln x ) = , x > 0 dx x d ( ln x ) = 1 , x ≠ 0 dx x d 1 , x>0 ( log a x ) = dx x ln a

)

( )

( )

+ fg ( n) Important Formulas (x ) m = m! x m−n ( m − n )! (x ) n (n) = n! (n) ( log a x ) ( ln x ) x = ( −1) ( n − 1)! x n ⋅ ln a n −1 n −1 (n) = ( −1) ( n − 1)! xn x n ( a ) = a ln a ( ) (e ) = e ( ) ( a ) = m a ln x n x mx n n mx ( n) n a ( sin x )( ) n nπ = sin x + 2 nπ = cos x + 2 ( cos x )( ) n ..www.mathportal.g ′′ f ′′′ ⋅ g + 3 f ′′ ⋅ g ′ + 3 f ′ ⋅ g ′′ + f ⋅ g ′′′ n n −1) = f ( ) g + nf ( g+ n ( n − 1) 1⋅ 2 f( n − 2) g ′′ + .. Higher-order Derivatives Definitions and properties Second derivative f ′′ = d dy d 2 y − dx dx dx 2 Higher-Order derivative f( ) = f( n ( n −1) )′ n n) n) n (f (f + g) − g) ( n) (n) = f ( ) + g( = f ( ) − g( Leibniz’s Formulas ( f ⋅ g )′′ = ( f ⋅ g )′′′ = ( f ⋅ g )( (n) n) f ′′ ⋅ g + 2 f ′ ⋅ g ′ + f .org 3.

- On Writing
- The Shell Collector
- I Am Having So Much Fun Here Without You
- The Blazing World
- Hyperbole and a Half
- Quiet Dell
- After Visiting Friends
- Missing
- Birds in Fall
- The Great Bridge
- Who Owns the Future?
- The Wife
- On Looking
- Catch-22
- A Farewell to Arms
- Goat Song
- Birth of the Cool
- Girl Reading
- Galveston
- Telex from Cuba
- Rin Tin Tin
- The White Tiger
- The Serialist
- No One Belongs Here More Than You
- Love Today
- Sail of Stone
- Fourth of July Creek
- The Walls Around Us
- Mislaid
- Men We Reaped

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd