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Philippine Collegian Tomo 90 Issue 15

Philippine Collegian Tomo 90 Issue 15

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Issue 15
Wednesday, 03 October 2012 | 12 pages

C O N T E N T S

Editorial
Power play

News
Number of UPD students with free tuition hit 6-year low
Panukalang pagtanggal sa Bracket B certification, ibinasura ng BOR
SR calls to review new trimester policy in UPOU
Karen at She, nakaranas ng torture sa ilalim ng militar
Suspect in USC robbery attack bails out of jail

Features
Untended yard
System Error

Kultura
Kung totoo ang larong Killer-Killer
Innocence lost

Opinion
LAKAS TAMA: How could you be so ugh?*
[Title blocked](R.A. no. 10175)
This week's question
Editor's note
Issue 15
Wednesday, 03 October 2012 | 12 pages

C O N T E N T S

Editorial
Power play

News
Number of UPD students with free tuition hit 6-year low
Panukalang pagtanggal sa Bracket B certification, ibinasura ng BOR
SR calls to review new trimester policy in UPOU
Karen at She, nakaranas ng torture sa ilalim ng militar
Suspect in USC robbery attack bails out of jail

Features
Untended yard
System Error

Kultura
Kung totoo ang larong Killer-Killer
Innocence lost

Opinion
LAKAS TAMA: How could you be so ugh?*
[Title blocked](R.A. no. 10175)
This week's question
Editor's note

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Published by: Philippine Collegian on Oct 03, 2012
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Opisyal na lingguhang pahayagan ng mga mag-aaral ng Unibersidad ng Pilipinas - Diliman Tomo 90, Blg.

15 Oktubre 3, 2012

Lat in hal a

POWER PLAY
Punong Patnugot Kapatnugot Panauhing Patnugot

Patnugot sa Balita
Patnugot sa Lathalain Patnugot sa Grapix

Mga Kawani

OPINYON Miyerkules 27 Hunyo 03 Oktubre 2012

Pinansya Tagapamahala ng Sirkulasyon Sirkulasyon

Mga Katuwang na Kawani

ONCE AGAIN, THE BOARD OF Regents (BOR) has lashed its brute power. On September 20, the BOR approved UP Cebu’s proposed laboratory fee for its Management of Information Systems and Technology (MGT) 186 course, amid various contentions on flawed computations and technicalities. Thus, every UP Cebu student taking MGT 186 next semester will be charged P500. At the same meeting, the BOR had approved—or more aptly, legitimized—the implementation of the Bracket B Certification (BBC) scheme, which automatically assigns students primarily freshmen and incoming students who are currently underrepresented, to Bracket A. Under the Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program (STFAP), students classified under Bracket A are charged P1, 500 per unit as base tuition. Apparently, the BOR assumes that UP students hail from affluent families, automatically qualifying them into the “millionaire’s bracket.” If students believe they cannot afford a tuition of P1,500 per unit, they are obliged to prove financial incapacity. In the administration’s own words, such a policy shall prevent students from being “dishonest” just so they could afford to study in the

nation’s premier state university. Hence, the BBC’s approval is tantamount to upgrading the widely discredited STFAP for restricting access to UP education. In this light, the STFAP has dropped any pretension of facilitating “fair access” to UP education. The retention of the new STFAP scheme and the new MGT laboratory fee in UP Cebu, coupled with the pending approval of new charges in UP Diliman, like the Physical Education (PE) fee and Music laboratory fees, have further doomed UP’s mandate to provide accessible, quality education. After all, the idea of education as a right, of providing quality education indiscriminate of one’s socio-economic status, does not fit into the business paradigm the university had been openly embracing in recent decades. It almost seems as if the entry of deserving but underprivileged students—and their chances of staying in UP—is the least of the BOR’s concerns. Such policies however, come as no surprise, as the BOR has been notorious for its record of approving anti-student programs. The 300 percent tuition hike in 2006, which gravely isolated UP from the people, serves as a harrowing reminder of the BOR’s tendencies to deliberately smash UP

constituents’ legitimate interests through the power it wields. Such a case is sharply defined in times when tides do not favor the BOR—when the rule-makers assert their position in the university. For instance, when the BOR approved the imposition of the MGT 186 fee, PE fee and Music lab fee, the Student Regent’s lone vote yet again proved to be grossly marginalized against the overwhelming majority of regents who do not represent student interests. By railroading the approval of these new fees, the BOR effectively undermined the democratic right of students to be consulted regarding policies that will affect them. Using these same grounds, Arguelles moved the decision to implement the PE fee and Music fee, both already “approved in principle,” to be deferred. But we must never settle for these small victories. Come the next BOR meeting this November, these new fees shall again be discussed. Such introduction of new fees is but a glaring manifestation of the meager budget the government allocated for state universities and colleges in previous years. Indeed, the PE fee and Music fee proposed in UP Diliman are primarily meant the need to purchase new equipment and to

rehabilitate existing facilities. It is necessary to point however, that while these concerns are valid, BOR members seem to miss a very crucial point—that the most efficient and principled means to address UP’s budget needs is not to source funds from students but rather to strengthen calls for greater state subsidy. Despite a nominal increase in UP’s budget next year, the total allocation still remains far below the actual subsidy that UP so direly needs. Thus, there remain reasons for resistance. In one swift blow, the university’s highest policymaking body further directed UP away from its mandate of providing quality and accessible education. In one swift blow, the powers that be have ushered a new spate of fees and policies that starkly accentuate the education sector’s long-standing crisis. When the rule makers rule out the legitimate aspirations of the ruled, defiance is not only imperative – it is just. As we continue challenging the BOR, we must then seek to shift the odds to our favor. For though the BOR appears to be confident in its power to direct UP’s fate, students and other marginalized sectors in UP have been and will always be the decisive force in reshaping the landscape of power.

Pamuhatan Silid 401 Bulwagang Vinzons, Unibersidad ng Pilipinas Diliman, Lungsod Quezon Telefax 981-8500 lokal 4522 Email kule1213@gmail.com Website philippinecollegian.org Kasapi Solidaridad: UP Systemwide Alliance of Student Publications and Writers’ Organizations, College Editors Guild of the Philippines Ukol sa Pabalat Dibuho ng Gerilya

Editor’s Note

Why must the students solely bear the brunt of the onslaught of economic crisis while the priorities of the state wallow in their huge share of the budget?

UNREASONABLE RESPONSE

On the tuition hike in 18 schools which supposedly aims to address the need to increase faculty salaries and improve school facilities

Roan I. Libarios October 1, 1981
As the Philippine Collegian celebrates its 90th year, we revisit lines from prized editorials that defined the publication’s tradition of critical and fearless journalism.

Number of UPD students with free tuition hit 6-year low
BARELY TWO PERCENT OF UP Diliman (UPD) students who applied for the Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program (STFAP) were granted free tuition and stipend this academic year, a historical low since the program’s restructuring in 2007. Of the total 3,823 STFAP applicants for this academic year, 74 students were classified under Bracket E2 with free tuition and other fees and a stipend of P12,000 per semester, according to data from the UPD Office of Scholarship and Student Services (OSSS). Students under Bracket E2 are assumed to have an annual family income of P80,000 and below, which is less than the estimated annual income of a minimum wage earner in the National Capital Region at around P100,000. Meanwhile, the number of students assigned to Bracket E1 has remained less than 10 percent of the total number of STFAP applicants since 2009 when the sub-bracket was first created (see sidebar 1). This academic year, 323 or eight percent of the applicants were classified under Bracket E1. Students under Bracket E1, or those with an annual family income of not more than P130,000, which is about P10,800 per month, also enjoy free tuition but do not receive semestral stipends. The STFAP is an income classification scheme which aims to promote a “more just and democratic access” to the university by assigning students to tuition brackets based on their annual family income and other socioeconomic indicators. However, the STFAP has continually served both as a “smokescreen to tuition increases” and as a “mechanism for generating income” for the university,” said UP Student Regent Cleve Kevin Robert Arguelles.
SIDEBAR 1: NUMBER OF STUDENTS WITH FREE TUITION UNDER THE REVISED STFAP

*All Bracket E students were entitled to a stipend of P12,000 per semester.

brackets are either automatically assigned to Brackets A and B or are enjoying other scholarships, said OSSS officer-in-charge Richard Gonzalo.

STFAP overhaul
In recognition of the STFAP’s “procedural flaws,” including the socio-economic indicators used in bracketing students, the UP administration commissioned two separate reviews of the program which are set to conclude by the end of the semester. Both the University Committee on Scholarships and Financial Assistance (UCSFA), which include the vice chancellors for student affairs of all units, and the Office of the SR, concluded that STFAP needs an overhaul. In 2010, for instance, one in every 10 STFAP applicants appealed for reassignment to lower brackets, according to OSSS data. As of the initial deadline of appeals for the academic year on September 15, four percent or about 170 of the 3,823 applicants filed appeals for lower brackets. Despite the administration’s plan to revise the STFAP, however, several student groups maintain that STFAP should be scrapped and the tuition rolled back instead. “While we laud ourselves with the unmatched quality of education the university offers, the UP administration should not deter the Filipino youth from this education by imposing expensive tuition and other fees. The UP administration should look into policies that will promote accessibility—firmly asserting for sufficient state subsidy and enact proper budget allocation,” according to KASAMA sa UP.

Source: UP Diliman Office of Scholarship and Student Services

BALITA Miyerkules 3 Oktubre 2012

SIDEBAR 2: COMPARISON OF THE KEY FEATURES OF THE 1989 STFAP AND THE RESTRUCTURED PROGRAM

Features Base tuition Number of STFAP brackets Tuition discounts Stipend per semester Highest income bracket tuition

Restructured STFAP P1,000 per unit 5 (1 non-paying) 100, 70, 40 percent P12,000 1.5 times the base tuition

1989 STFAP P300 per unit 9 (5 non-paying) 100, 75, 50, 25 percent P4,500 to P8,250 Base tuition

Source: UP Diliman Office of Scholarship and Student Services
which requires UP students admitted from 2011 onwards to submit documentary evidence for an annual family income not exceeding P1 million. The new scheme drew flak from several student groups for “effectively increasing” the base tuition in UP from P1,000 to P1,500 per unit by shifting the “default” bracket from B to A (see related article on Page 4) “History tells us that major changes in the STFAP lead to an increase in base tuition,” according to system-wide student council alliance Katipunan ng Sangguniang Mag-aaral sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas (KASAMA sa UP). STFAP applicants were assigned to higher brackets with tuition discounts of up to 70 percent under Brackets C and D. Meanwhile, since the implementation of the Bracket B certification scheme in 2009, the number of Bracket A students, or those who declared an annual family income of more than P1 million, surged by more than 8,000 percent, from 29 students in 2010 to 2,413 students in 2011. This semester, the number of Bracket A students doubled to 4,489, data from the Office of the SR show. On average, only 20 percent or 3,000 of the 17,000 UPD undergraduate students apply for STFAP, OSSS data show. Students who do not wish to apply for lower

Smokescreen to tuition hikes
First instituted in 1989 when UP increased the tuition from P40 to P200 per unit, the STFAP originally had nine numerical brackets, five of which are “non-paying” brackets with stipends ranging from P4,500 to P8,250 per semester. With the implementation of the 300 percent tuition increase in 2007, the administration then reduced the STFAP brackets into five (see sidebar 2). Under the restructured STFAP, only students under Bracket E are granted free tuition and a stipend of P12,000 per semester. In 2009, the administration further categorized students enjoying full subsidy in their matriculation into Brackets E1 and E2, and limited the grant of stipends to only Bracket E2 students. In 2011, the Pascual administration implemented a new policy on assigning students to Bracket B,

Income-generating scheme
With the restructuring of the STFAP in 2007 from nine to five brackets, the number of students with free tuition, stipend and other benefits subsequently declined, data from OSSS reveal. From 1989 to 2006, an average of 52 percent of STFAP applicants enjoyed free tuition under the non-paying brackets 1 to 5. Meanwhile, an average of 48 percent of the applicants enjoyed tuition discounts of up to 75 percent under Brackets 6 to 8. Under the restructured STFAP, the average percentage of students with free tuition under Brackets E1 and E2 dropped to only 10 percent from 2007 to 2012. For the same period, an average of 90 percent of

MADE 8 HAPPEN The UP Pep Squad celebrate as they bag their 8th championship title in the UAAP Cheerdance Competition held at SM Mall of Asia Arena on September 22, 2012.

Panukalang pagtanggal sa Bracket B certification, ibinasura ng BOR
IBINASURA NG UP BOARD OF REGENTS (BOR) ang mosyon ng student regent (SR) na itigil ang pagpapatupad ng patakarang Bracket B certification (BBC) sa Socialized Tuition and Financial Assistance Program (STFAP) na nagtatakda ng mas mataas na “default tuition” simula noong nakaraang semestre. Sa pulong ng BOR noong Setyembre 20, iginiit ni SR Cleve Kevin Robert Arguelles na labag ang BBC sa probisyon ng UP Charter ukol sa demokratikong katangian ng edukasyon sa UP, ngunit hindi kinatigan ng mayorya ang nasabing mosyon. “[W]ith the increase in income collected by the administration, as well as the fallacious reasoning that [the BBC] prevent[s] students from being dishonest, the BOR retain[ed] the Bracket B certification scheme,” ani Arguelles. Unang ipinatupad ang STFAP noong 1989, ngunit nirepaso ito noong 2007 kasabay ng halos 300 porsyentong pagtaas ng base tuiPAGLIBAN, PAGLABAN. Naipit sa gitna ng mga estudyante at kawani ng UP ang Commission on Higher Education Chairperson na si Patricia Licuanan sa isang protestang ginanap sa Quezon Hall noong Setyembre 20. Pinigilan ng mga estudyante si Licuanan upang hingan ng paliwanag sa tila pagtataas ng tuition sa UP sa anyong pag-iimplementa ng STFAP Bracketing Scheme.

BALITA Miyerkules 3 Oktubre 2012

SR calls to review new trimester policy in UPOU
Isabella Patricia H. Borlaza
THE OFFICE OF THE STUDENT REGENT (OSR) and concerned UP Open University (UPOU) students have called for the review of the trimester policy implemented for some courses in the said university since May. In January this year, the UPOU Office of the University Registrar (OUR) announced online that its undergraduate courses Associate Arts (AA), B Education Studies, BA Multimedia Studies and graduate courses Master in Distance Education and Graduate Certificate in Distance Education will follow a trimester schedule starting this academic school year. Under the trimester schedule, the five semesters for the AA, for example, will be reduced from the current two and a half years to less than two years. The Board of Regents (BOR) approved the trimester policy in UPOU for students to finish their degrees within a shorter period of time, said UPOU OUR administrative assistant Gina Roa. The Collegian has contacted the UPOU administration for an official statement, but officials have not replied as of press time. The online announcement on the policy had been taken down and only a cached version of the article could be retrieved. UPOU students said the trimester policy was approved in 2008, though details of the approval could not be found in the 2007 to 2010 BOR gazettes. Then SR Shahana Abdulwahid also could not recall if it was approved in 2008 or 2009. Aside from the courses under the new trimester policy, UPOU offers 24 post-baccalaureate and nine non-formal courses and programs under the two-semesters-per-year curriculum. Students, however, contested that the new trimestral policy must be complemented with corresponding changes in the curriculum. The reduction in the length of a semester from five to only three months may sacrifice the quality of education, said Mercado. UPOU is mandated to provide accessible education to those who cannot attend formal schooling due to reasons such as work or disabilities. The trimester schedule, however, marginalizes some students since they have less time to raise funds for their tuition, said Arguelles.

tion mula P300 patungong P1,000 kada yunit. Ipinapangkat ng bagong STFAP ang mga estudyante sa limang bracket batay sa taunang kita ng pamilya, mga ari-arian at kagamitan sa bahay, at iba pang salik. Epektibong itinaas pang muli ng BBC ang matrikula sa UP nang P500 kada yunit, ani Arguelles. Sa ilalim ng BBC, awtomatikong inilalagay sa Bracket A o P1,500 kada yunit ang mga estudyante. Maaari lamang mailipat ang isang aplikante ng STFAP sa Bracket B o sa mas mababang bracket, kung magpapasa siya ng mga patunay na hindi hihigit sa isang milyon ang kita ng kaniyang pamilya sa loob ng isang taon. Upang suportahan ang panukala ni Arguelles, nagmartsa patungong Quezon Hall ang halos 300 estudyante ng UP Diliman, Manila, at Los Baños sa mismong araw ng pulong ng BOR. Binatikos ng mga estudyante ang pagbasura sa panukala ni Arguelles at ang pag-apruba sa mga bagong bayarin sa darating na semestre. “We cannot imagine how the BOR decided to accept an illegal and unjust policy, [which not only affects] present students of UP, but [which also makes UP education] more inaccessible to all deserving students regardless of financial status,” ani Arguelles.

SIDEBAR: IBA PANG USAPING NATALAKAY SA PULONG NG BOR

Hatol kay Avila
Tinalakay din ng BOR ang halos isang taon nang nakabinbing mga administratibong kaso laban kina UPC Dean Enrique Avila, UPC Budget Officer Alsidry Sharif, at UP Los Banos (UPLB) Administrative Officer Florendo Sambrano. Taliwas sa naunang panukala ni Pangulong Alfredo Pascual na tanggalin sa serbisyo ang nasabing mga opisyal ng UP, nagdesisyon ang BOR na suspindihin lamang ng anim na buwan si Avila at isang taon naman sina Sharif at Sambrano, ani Staff Regent Jossel Ebesate. Kinaharap ni Avila, kasama sina Sharif at Pineda, ang kasong “grave misconduct and gross neglect of duty” dahil sa pagpasok sa kontrata kasama ang Greanpeak Construction Corporation, isang pribadong kumpanyang supplier ng panambak at garden soil para sa South Road Project sa UPC. Kaugnay nito, nilabag umano ni Avila ang Government Procurement Act dahil sa ilegal na pagbuo ng Bids and Awards Committee (BAC) para sa nasabing proyekto. Sa isang hiwalay na kaso, ginamit din umano ni Avila ang undergraduate tuition increment fund para sa pagbibigay ng bonuses sa mga kawani ng UPC. “Length of service at good track record ang pinagbatayan ng commutation ng penalty. Taliwas [ito] sa ipinaglalaban natin, dahil ang mangyayari, kahit sino pwedeng [gumawa ng hindi magandang bagay] pero hindi siya matatanggal,” ani Ebesate.●

Ipinagpalibang bayarin
Samantala, ipinagpaliban ng BOR ang nakatakdang paniningil ng laboratory fees para sa ilang kurso sa College of Music (CM) at sa mga klase ng Physical Education (PE) courses upang muling mapagaralan ang nasabing mga dagdag bayarin. Bagaman inaprubahan ng BOR noong 2010 ang lab fees sa CM at College of Human Kinetics (CHK), na ilalaan sa pagbili ng mga bagong kagamitan at sa pagsasaayos ng mga pasilidad, kailangan pa itong muling pag-aralan at tiyaking dumaan sa tamang proseso ng konsultasyon, ani Arguelles. Malaki man ang kakulangan sa pondo ng CHK, hindi pa rin sapat ang naging konsultasyon ng administrasyon sa mga estudyante hinggil sa panukalang PE fee, paliwanag ni Arguelles

Dagdag benepisyo
Sa parehong pulong, inaprubahan din ng BOR ang karagdagang mga benepisyo para sa mga kawani ng UP sa ilalim ng Collective Negotiation Agreement. Kabilang sa mga karagdagang benepisyong matatanggap ang isang sakong bigas, P2,000 special gorcery allowance, at P5,000 special merit incentive kada taon.●

No student consultation
Meanwhile, SR Cleve Kevin Robert Arguelles and UPOU students question the “sudden” implementation of the trimester schedule. Though a student consultation was sent through e-mail to randomly selected students, an actual consultation forum should have also been held, said Arguelles. “Dalawa kasi ang mukha ng palisiyang ito. Pabor ito sa mga taong ang nais lang ay magkaroon agad ng diploma. Pero ano ba ang tingin nila sa UPOU, diploma mills?” said UPOU sophomore AA student Lou Mercado. Since its establishment in 1995, UPOU is the only UP unit that employs “distance learning,” with a curriculum designed for online instruction. Though UPOU’s main office is in Laguna, centers are located across the country where students can collect and submit course requirements, take tests and meet with tutors. Modules are uploaded, and forums are held in a “virtual classroom” called MyPortal and in social networking sites.

Bagong iskedyul
Sa Nobyembre na muling magpupulong ang BOR matapos mapagpasyahan ng BOR na tuwing dalawang buwan na lamang magsagawa ng pulong, upang mabigyan ng sapat na panahon ang bawat komite na pag-usapan ang mga isyung nakahapag sa BOR, ani Pascual. Marami ring mga rehenteng hindi regular na nakadadalo sa mga pulong, ani Arguelles. Sa nakaraang tatlong pulong ng BOR, hindi nakarating sina Aurora Rep. Juan Edgardo Angara at Sen. Edgardo Angara, pawang mga kinatawan ng Kongreso sa BOR. Binatikos naman ni dating SR Ma. Kristina Conti ang bagong iskedyul ng pagpupulong ng BOR. “It would be best if [the BOR] can decide quickly on [urgent] matters and adjudicate promptly issues raised by every sector,” ani Conti.

‘Expensive tuition, unnecessary fees’
Since the BOR approved new fees in 2008, UPOU students pay P1,000 per unit by virtue of its “distance education nature” and cannot apply for lower matriculation through the Socialized Tuition Financial Assistance Program. Miscellaneous fees add up to P2,000 per semester. In addition, instructional materials cost around P300 to P700 per subject, which seems unnecessary since they are also available online, said Mercado. Though tuition loans are available in centers, most students are unaware of the procedures for loan application, which may be useless now that online enrolment has also Continued on Page 5

UP Cebu lab fees
Inaprubahan naman ng BOR ang panukalang laboratory fee para sa kursong Management of Information Systems and Technology (MGT 186) na kabilang sa bagong kurikulum ng Management Cluster sa UP Cebu (UPC). Matapos ang ginawang pagtalakay ng UPC Fiscal Policies and Operations Committee ukol sa bagong MGT lab fee, naglabas ng memorandum si UP Vice President for Administration Maragtas Amante upang tugunan ang oposisyon ng mga estudyante at tanggalin sa kalkulasyon ang bayad sa kuryente. Ipinag-utos umanong tanggalin ang bayad sa kuryente dahil nagSundan sa Pahina 5

Karen at She, nakaranas ng torture sa ilalim ng militar
Iyanah Camille Brucal
DINUKOT AT PINAHIRAPAN NG MGA miyembro ng 24th Infantry Battalion ng Philippine Army na nakahimpil sa Bataan ang mga estudyante ng UP na sina Karen Empeño at Sherlyn Cadapan, ayon sa testimonya ng isang saksi sa huling pagdinig sa kaso noong Setyembre 24 sa Malolos Regional Trial Court. Ayon kay Raymond Manalo, dinukot siya kasama ang kanyang kapatid na si Reynaldo noong Pebrero 2006 sa kanilang tahanan sa San Idelfonso, Bulacan. Piniit sila sa iba’t ibang mga kampo at sa kalauna’y nakilala ang dalawang estudyante sa Camp Tecson, San Miguel, Bulacan noong Agosto 2006. Hunyo 2006 nang dukutin sina Karen at Sherlyn sa Hagonoy, Bulacan habang nagsasaliksik ukol sa kalagayan ng mga magsasaka sa lugar. Higit sa anim na taon ang nakalipas, hindi pa rin tiyak ang kinaroroonan at kalagayan ng dalawa. Estudyante ng Sociology at kasapi ng League of Filipino Students si Karen, habang estudyante ng Sports Science at kasapi naman ng Anakbayan si Sherlyn. Nasaksihan umano ni Manalo na ibinitin nang patiwarik at hubo’t hubad ang dalawang estudyante at paulit-ulit na pinaso ng sigarilyo ng mga sundalo. May isang pagkakataon pa umanong inutusan ng mga sundalo si Manalo at si Manuel Meriño, kapwa-bihag at magsasaka sa Bulacan, na labhan ang mga duguang damit nina Karen at Sherlyn. Sa testimonya ni Manalo sa Court of Appeals (CA) noong Nobyembre 2007, binanggit nitong ginahasa sina Karen at Sherlyn at sinunog naman nang buhay si Meriño ng mga kasapi ng 7th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army. Matapos ang 18 buwan ng pagkakadakip, nakatakas ang magkapatid na Manalo noong Agosto 2007, at naiwan ang dalawang estudyante sa kamay ng mga militar. Dumalo sa paglilitis ang dalawa sa mga akusado na sina Col. Felipe Anotado Jr. at Staff Sgt. Edgar Osorio, na pawang naghain ng “not guilty plea” noong Abril sa CA. Kasalukuyan silang nakapiit sa Army Custodial Management Unit sa Fort Bonifacio. Nang tanungin ni Atty. Julian Oliva, abogado nina Karen at Sherlyn, si Manalo kung maaari niyang kilalanin ang sundalong kumausap sa kanya sa isang kampo sa Limay, Bataan noong panahon ng kanyang pagkakadukot, itinuro niya si Anotado. Napag-alaman ni Manalo na militar si Anotado dahil nabasa niya sa entrance ng nasabing kampo ang pangalan ni Anotado at dahil sa mga tattoo na “24th IB” sa balikat ng nasabing koronel. Nauna nang kinilala ni Manalo si Anotado nang dumalo ang koronel sa paglilitis ng CA sa kaso noong Nobyembre 2007. Itinanggi naman ng mga akusado ang pagkakasangkot sa kaso at binansagang sinungaling si Manalo sa mga pangunang paglilitis ng Department of Justice. “Manalo’s positive identification [however] crushes the general denial and alibi of the accused”, ani Oliva. Samantala, humingi ng panahon ang depensa upang maghanda ng katanungan para kay Manalo. Itinakda ang susunod na paglilitis sa Oktubre 30. “Sana makamit na namin ang katarungan. Sana matauhan na ang mga militar at ilabas na ang mga anak namin”, ani Gng. Concepcion Empeño, ina ni Karen. Samantala, hindi pa rin nahuhuli ng awtoridad ang dalawang pang akusado sa kaso na sina General Jovito Palparan at Master Sgt. Rizal Hilario, sa kabila ng warrant of arrest na inilabas ng Malolos Regional Trial Court noong Disyembre 2011, at mula nang simulan ang pormal na pagdinig sa kaso noong Enero. Itinaas ni Pangulong Benigno Aquino III ang pabuya mula P1 milyon tungong P2 milyon noong Agosto para sa sinumang makapagtuturo sa kinaroroonan ni Palparan.  “We are growing tired of the government’s alibi for not being able to arrest Palparan,” ani Atty. Edre Olalia, pangkalahatang kalihim ng National Union of People’s Lawyers (NUPL). “They have all the resources and machinery. It is their responsibility to bring them to the court.”

PANUKALANG PAGTANGGAL...
mula Pahina 4 babayad na ng energy fee ang mga estudyante. Isang uri lang umano ito ng pag-uulit ng bayarin, ani UPC SC 2nd year representative April Dyan Gumanao. “The [proposal also] divided the total cost of instituting laborator[ies] to a section of only 15 students. In reality, the average number of students enrolled in [an MGT 186 class] is 60,” ani UPC Nagkahiusang Kusog sa Estudyante (NKE) Chair Ronald Baldo. Hindi rin umano nagkaroon ng sapat na panahon upang iparating ng UPC Student Council (SC) ang oposisyon nito sa bagong bayarin, ani Gumanao. Gayunman, ipapanawagan pa rin ng UPC SC na baliktarin ang nasabing desisyon ng BOR, sa pamamagitan ng pakikipag-usap sa mga estudyante at mga organisasyon. “Huwag nating hayaan na maging madali para sa administrasyon ang pagpapasa ng mga dagdag na bayarin. Let us stay vigilant in fighting for a more accessible UP,” ani Baldo.

BALITA Miyerkules 3 Oktubre 2012

BIT BY BIT. Kabataan Partylist (KPL) Representative Raymond Palatino discussed flaws of the Cybercrime Prevention Act during a forum on the said law at UP College of Mass Communication on September 29. He criticized the provisions of the law which criminalizes “libellous” posts made through the Internet

Suspect in USC robbery attack bails out of jail
THE PRIMARY SUSPECT IN THE robbery attack on UP Diliman (UPD) student Lordei Camille Anjuli Hina was bailed out of jail on June 25, almost four months ago, according to records at the Quezon City (QC) Jail. The suspect, Danmar Vicencio, posted a bail of P16,000 through an unidentified party, according to QC Jail Personnel staff Jas Flores. The current whereabouts of Vicencio are presently unknown, while his accomplice in the crime, identified as Carlo Pecayo, has still not been arrested. “Despite the [Diliman Legal Office’s] (DLO) efforts, the crimes attributed to the suspect are bailable. [So] when [Vicencio] posted bail lately, DLO had no legal means to prevent it,” Atty. Victoriano Hipe, counsel for Hina’s case, said in a letter to UPD Chancellor Caesar Saloma on September 20. Vicencio was caught by a Vinzons Hall security guard and members of the UPD Police after he and Pecayo attacked and robbed Hina at the UPD University Student Council (USC) office on February 2. The two suspects, who pretended to be interested in renting a booth for the UP Fair, attacked Hina while she was alone in the USC office. Hina’s companion at the time, UPD Political Science graduate Sheila May Saniano left Hina to buy food downstairs, leaving Hina by herself. The police retrieved a backpack from Vicencio, which contained two laptop computers, an external drive, a flash drive, and a 12-inch long ice pick. Pecayo, who acted as the look-out, managed to flee from the crime scene. Hina sustained serious head and body injuries from repeated stabbing and was in a coma for one week. Though the 20-year old Political Science student regained consciousness after undergoing brain surgery, she is still going through rehabilitative therapies to restore her physical and mental functions. Vicencio was charged with “robbery with unnecessary violence” before the QC Regional Trial Court, Branch 91, a bailable offense under paragraph 4 of Article 294 of the Revised Penal Code. On February 21, DLO submitted a motion to allow reinvestigation of the case but the additional evidence gathered failed to elevate the criminal charge to the non-bailable “robbery with frustrated homicide.” “Nakakagalit na, sa kabila ng nangyari, [pinayagan pa rin] ng korte [at] pulisya na magbail ang [sus-

Victor Gregor Limon

SR CALLS...
from Page 4 been implemented this year, Mercado added. Arguelles will hold a dialogue with UPOU students this weekend to discuss their issues and concerns, especially since the university has no legitimate student council or student publication. Meanwhile, student leaders from other UP units have pledged to support UPOU in establishing its own council and publication during the UP Student Congress in September, where students framed resolutions on pressing state and university issues. In UPOU, there is very little interaction among students since self-learning is widely practiced, Arguelles said. The absence of a unified student body has resulted to policies in UPOU that lack proper student consultation, he added.

pek]. Matumal na nga ang paghahanap sa [isa pang] assailant, pinayagan pang makapagbail ‘yung isa. Makikita natin dito kung gaano kaproblemado ang sistema ng hustisya sa bansa,” said UPD USC councilor and Student Rights and Welfare Committee head Aryanna Canacan. Hina’s mother, Concepcion Hina, is currently out of the country and is yet to provide a statement on the issue. Meanwhile, the Office of the Student Regent (OSR) has asked the Office of the Chancellor to replace Hina and Saniano’s legal counsel in the case. The OSR specifically requested that Professor Maria Rowena Amelia Guanzon, officerin-charge of the UP Law Center’s Institute for the Administration of Justice, to handle the case. Also acting as the prosecuting lawyer in the case of UPLB Computer Science student Given Grace Cebanico, who was killed near UPLB campus premises in October 2011, Guanzon recently succeeded in changing the criminal charge against the suspect from robbery to rape. While the DLO has endorsed Guanzon’s takeover of the case, the said change has yet to be approved by Saloma and College of Law Dean Danilo Concepcion.

Untended yard
THE MONTH OF OCTOBER MARKS THE BEGINNING OF ANOTHER HARVEST SEASON. HOWEVER, ALONG WITH THE INFLUX OF INCOME ALSO SIGNALS A NEW ROUND OF PAYMENTS LONG DUE TO ENTITIES WHICH PRESENTED THEMSELVES AS SOLUTIONS TO THE PLIGHT OF PEASANTS, BUT TURNED OUT TO BE WORSE.
Ronn Joshua C. Bautista

LATHALAIN Miyerkules 03 Oktubre 2012

Groundwork
It is statistically possible that a fifth of the rice you consume daily was grown overseas. Last year, 20 percent of domestic rice consumption was sourced from imports, according to international financial institution Asian Development Bank. In 2008, the International Rice Research Institute declared the Philippines as the world’s largest rice importer. Such indicators spell perhaps the greatest irony of the Philippines, a largely agricultural country that relies on others’farms for food. Food security, indeed, has been a perennial concern across various administrations, as resolving it eventually became a good measure of government performance. Even Pres. Benigno Aquino III recognizes this. “Ang 1.3 million metric tons [na] kakulangan sa bigas, napababa natin [sa] 500,000 na lang…Sa susunod na taon ay puwede na tayong mag-export ng bigas,” says Aquino in this year’s State of the Nation Address (SONA). Aquino seeks to abolish the previous administration’s policies on agricultural imports. Through the Food Staples Self-Sufficiency Roadmap (FSSR), which aims to bolster agriculture through technology and intervention, Aquino plans to achieve food sovereignty and hike farmers’ income through increased yields. “Gusto natin na ang mga farmers natin ay maging entrepreneurs din,” says Department of Agriculture (DA) chief agriculturist Nemys Sungcaya. The actual results of the government’s aim to hit two birds with one stone, however, remains far-fetched, as the experiences from the past show. Amid Aquino’s pronouncements of decreasing the country’s rice deficit, the state of agriculture remains bleak. Agricultural imports for instance, have risen by 48 percent at the start of Aquino’s term to a record $625 million from the previous administration’s $423 million, according to the US Foreign Agriculture Service. This placed the Philippines as the15th largest market for agricultural exports, underscoring the country’s continued inability to supply its own needs. “Asia is a region where millions of peasants have been struggling against [agriculture that] is backward and inefficient,” says Anakpawis Representative Rafael Mariano. According to the Department of Science of Technology, 308,000 tons of rice is wasted daily because of poor handling and inaccessible farming methods. This loss accounts for 36 percent of the rice deficit answered by importation. This stems from the lack of local agricultural industries, causing the Philippines’ failure to produce enough for its needs and rely on importing to fill the gap, according to peasant movement Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP). The perennial lack of attention towards the agricultural sector manifested by the inefficient production of goods prompted the DA to formulate the FSSR. Under this roadmap, the DA suggests the crops to be planted, its location, and the planting method to be utilized according to private sector demands meant to maximize farmer yields and income, and minimize nonprofitable efforts. “Agriculture should be marketled and private-led,” says Sungcaya.

Such market-oriented approach was also embodied in one of the government’s previous efforts in improving agricultural production. In 2002, the Philippines was the first Asian country to use the internationally-debated technology of genetically modified organisms (GMO) or organisms whose altered genetic make-up results to desirable traits such as increased yields and pest-resistance not innate to the organism. The DA’s plans to utilize GMOs in agriculture reflected the very same goals the FSSR aspires today. However, the plight of farmers using these GMOs proves the dismal reputation of these government interventions in the agriculture sector.

Tangled
The DA supports the use of GMOs since purchasing the patent of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn, a pest-resistant variety, from corporate giant Monsanto. This collaboration ran on premises of production booms to lessen imports and the expedition of GMO exposure. After its commercial release in 2002, Bt corn was followed by Monsanto’s weed-resistant RoundUp Ready corn variety in 2006. Last year, the DA approved two upgraded varieties of the former GMOs. “Science for science…the DA should be [for] technologies that contribute to increase yields,” says Candida Adalla, director of the DA Biotech Program. According to Adalla, Bt corn was initially approved to increase the country’s staple food supply and liberate farmers from chemical inputs, affording them economic advantage. Corn production has skyrocketed to 6.97 million metric tons (MMT) in 2011 from 4.31 MMT in 2002, according to the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics. For the same period, corn imports have

shrunk to 91 MMT from 278 MMT. The DA explained that 60 percent of the corn production is channeled towards biofuel production—clearly disparate from the initial goal of achieving food self-sufficiency. Despite optimistic yet deceptive data, farmers have yet to experience this advantage. Instead, their economic security was further compromised. In Pangasinan, for example, advocacy group Magsasaka at Siyentipiko para sa Pag-unlad ng Agrikultura (MASIPAG) found out that farmers utilizing GM crops can end up incurring P6, 611 negative net income. Take for instance, an average Pangasinense farmer buys 18 kilos of Round-Up Ready corn seeds worth P2800. Since farmers usually lack enough capital to purchase large amounts of farm inputs, they resort to contracting loans. Along with a 10 percent monthly interest, traders raise the initial price of the seeds to P9, 200. As GMOs are engineered to be dependent on specific chemical inputs such as fertilizers, usually exclusively distributed by the same developer company, farmers are subjected to further price spiking. Chemical inputs costing P300, are priced to as much as P1500. With such dynamics, farmers are at the losing end, unwillingly enlisting themselves to vicious debt cycles. As such, for every planting season a farmer intends to plant, an expense of P3, 400 is dramatically bloated to P12, 200 accounting seeds and chemicals alone. At most, fortunate GMO farmers earn up to P19, 160 during harvest. However, others are not as fortunate for their produce is usually bought by traders who buy it at extremely cheap prices. When their previous debts are deducted from this price, farmers may end up with little to no profit at all.

“They say that with GM corn, farmers can cut cost[s]. But on the contrary, farmers are now spending more,” says MASIPAG Chito Medina, national coordinator. With farmer welfare remaining elusive, the outcome of the GMO venture posits great challenges to the FSSR. If truly genuine, the FSSR at best, must be able to address the concerns that previous agricultural interventions did not.

Addressing the roots
Land ownership has sparked a lot of historical disputes in the Philippines. For centuries, land has been essential to the progress and development of a country. Yet, as far as having a backward agriculture is concerned, Aquino’s deafening silence on the fundamental issue of land reform offers grim prospects in the future. “The grand zarzuela staged by Aquino [on land reform] exploits the legitimacy of the farmers’ demand for land and is [only] used to evade land distribution,” says KMP deputy secretarygeneral Wilfredo Marbella. To date, 7 out of 10 farmers remain landless and therefore forced to work for private companies who own 60 percent of all agricultural lands in the country, according to KMP. Such apparent failure of various governments’ land reform program speaks of a cyclic narrative of underdevelopment maintained by the powerful few at the expense of farmers’ welfare. Indeed, if Aquino is sincere in decisively addressing food insufficiency and improving the lives of farmers, the government must then concentrate its efforts in ending the continued domination of elites on vast tracts of lands, to finally liberate the country from the long spell of underdevelopment.

LOG-IN, WWW.FACEBOOK.COM. Update status. ||Senator [insert name] is a living personification of fatal combinations –misplaced self-righteousness, irritating arrogance, and utter ignorance of the logic of argumentation. He sucks. Status posted. Computer beeps. One new notification: you have one new warrant of arrest. Republic Act 10175 or the Cybercrime Prevention Act (CPA) has disrupted the smooth flow of affairs in the cyber realm, much like the commotion it stirred in the real world after drawing a flurry of criticisms. Merely three months since Congress consolidated various versions of the bill, President Benigno Aquino III signed CPA into law last September 12 with nary a whisper of debate. As “the State recognizes the vital role of Information and Communications Technologies” in the nation’s social and economic development, CPA seeks to make these platforms safer by extending the rule of law from the real world to the cyber world. For penalizing cybercrimes like cyber prostitution and cyber human trafficking, the CPA could have proven itself innovative and timely in an era when traditional crimes are rampantly committed online. Such merits however, are clearly overshadowed by various contentions against the law —poorly worded and ambiguous provisions, and sections that can potentially lead to the curtailment of freedom of speech, expression, and other civil liberties.

Systemic glitches
A popular sentiment against the CPA is its provision on online libel (see sidebar 1). Concerned organizations have tagged the CPA a “backward step” in the longstanding call to decriminalize libel. “The libel laws of the Philippines are much excessive compared to other democratic states,” says UP Law Professor Harry Roque, a libel decriminalization advocate. The United Nations Human Rights Committee (UNHRC) has already declared Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, which criminalizes libel, as “incompatible with Article 19 of the International Covenant on Political and Civil Rights.” “[UNHRC] did so as they find Philippine libel laws… an impediment to civil and intellectual discourse,” Roque argues. Also, the seeming ambiguity (see sidebar 1) of CPA’s provisions “show that cyberlaws

are unfamiliar territory for lawmakers and that the [CPA] was railroaded,” says UP School of Library & Information Science Dean Johann Frederick Cabbab. Had Congress sought proper advice from computer experts, these willfully excessive provisions would have been avoided, he adds. Understandably, the rate by which the CPA was enacted had raised tension among policy advocates, as it clearly outpaced crucial legislations like the Reproductive Health (RH) Bill and the Freedom of Information Bill. Legislators like Senator Alan Cayetano were quick to defend themselves, explaining that antiCPA reactions “weren’t passionately brought up during discussion.” However, Senator Vicente Sotto III’s admission that he inserted the online libel provision, is beyond defense, During the interpellation of the CPA’s bill version, Kabataan Partylist Rep. Raymond Palatino argued that key provisions in the CPA are already enshrined in existing laws (see sidebar 2), suggesting instead to amend previous laws than legislate a new one. These motions however, were rejected. While legislators say that the contentious provisions that were successfully inserted in RA 10175 are results of a clear oversight, Malacañang tells a different story. Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa even assured the public that the law was “carefully reviewed” before it was signed by Aquino. Clearly, Aquino has signed RA 10175 into law with full knowledge of its ramifications on civil liberties, verifying fears that the passage of the new law is deliberate, rather than being a mere oversight.

Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, except for the provisions on libel and the highly contentious Section 19, which grants the Department of Justice (DOJ) excessive power over the Internet, says ACT Teachers Partylist Rep. Antonio Tinio. Section 19 states, “When a computer data is prima facie found to be in violation of the provisions of this Act, the DOJ shall issue an order to restrict or block access to such computer data.” “This effectively gives DOJ total control of the Internet in the Philippines. Once the DOJ realizes this new power and uses this provision to take down dissident websites – that would be the death of Internet freedom as we know it,” says Palatino, who dubbed the CPA as “e-Martial Law.” Indeed, a law that purposefully regulates the free exchange of ideas and discourse over the web presents a vivid threat to anyone who resorts to the internet for daily conversations and interactions, even sending a “chilling effect” to journalists, activists and common netizens. “Censorship will lead to repression once an activist or reform advocate has been labelled a cybercriminal,” says Palatino. In countries implementing cybercrime laws like China and countries in the Middle East, human rights violations have grown more prevalent but discreet, as information on these violations remain undisclosed even within its borders, Palatino added. Lawyers and advocates alike have also voiced concerns over CPA’s

Sidebar 1: Request rejected Contested provisions Section IV (C-4): Online libel Section VI: Excessive “one degree higher” punishment Implications Politicians and influential people may use this as grounds to silence opposition. Implies that cybercrimes carry far more weight than “real world” crimes.

Section V: “Aiding or abetting” in Mere “likes,” “retweets,” and “reblogs” the commission of a cybercrime might constitute criminal offenses. Section 19: Restricting/ blocking access to computer data
Sidebar 2: Redundant provisions
Duplicative provisions Child pornography Cybersex/ Cyber-prostitution Hacking/ Cracking Human trafficking Also found in: RA 9775: Anti-Child Pornography Act RA 8792: The E-commerce Law RA 9995: Anti-Photo & Video Voyeurism Act RA 9208: Anti-trafficking in Persons Act

DOJ may shut down any website without warrant.

implementation, which inevitably raises issues on privacy, personal information and security. Section 12, for example, allows real-time collection of traffic data, which in effect legalized online surveillance by government authorities. With vague and encompassing provisions that infringe on privacy and the freedom of expression, the CPA has morphed from being a crime-busting lvaw aimed at online scammers and hackers to being a censorship law. As blogger and freelance journalist Tonyo Cruz puts it, “When we are in front of our computers, most of us hate it when people look from behind our shoulders. Now, Aquino’s Cybercrime Law is watching, behind all of us, threatening us with jail time, checking what we do online.”

Reboot
The ruckus ignited by the CPA illustrates the unavoidable intersection of the virtual and the physical world. Currently, several online petitions seeking to gather signatures to junk the CPA have circulated in the web. To protest against CPA, a group of hackers calling themselves “A n o n y m o u s Philippines”

Breaking the code
The CPA’s extensive coverage inevitably drew a wide range of opponents, from media outfits to legal institutions, from progressive groups to the common netizen. Today, the internet, the very platform the CPA seeks to regulate, has instantly become a virtual battlefield where internet warriors determined to repeal the law unleash their offensives—status, tweets, blog entries, memes and online petitions. Almost all parts of the CPA has been lifted in toto from the 2001

System Error
POSTING “OFFENSIVE” STATEMENTS ONLINE IS NOW A CRIMINAL OFFENSE, AS FAR AS THE CONTROVERSIAL REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10175 OR THE CYBERCRIME PREVENTION ACT (CPA) IS CONCERNED. THANKS TO THE CPA, EVERY UNSUSPECTING NETIZEN IS NOW A POTENTIAL OUTLAW. John Malcolm S. Aniag

has gone on a “hacking spree,” targeting various government BALITA websites including Bangko LATHALAIN Sentral ng Pilipinas, Metropolitan Miyerkules Waterworks and Sewerage Miyerkules System, and Aquino’s own 03 Oktubre 27 Hunyo website (president.gov.ph), among 2012 2012 others. From online groups and discussion boards to individual social networking accounts, the resistance echoes: repeal the CPA, defend the basic freedom to speech and expression. Indeed, the broad unity forged against the CPA has snatched the attention of government officials, proving that collective action is far from passé. Solons, for instance, have pledged to amend the law when Congress resumes session come October 8. However, these online actions – though helpful – harbor the danger of netizens believing that social change is possible through mere “likes,” “reposts,” or “tweets,” Cabbab says. “People must also vent their frustrations through more effective and time-proven means—to the streets,” he adds. As the CPA polices the internet, it then becomes tactical—and critical—to bring the fight into the world where opposition cannot be silenced by a single click or crackdown of a website. Congress and the Supreme Court cannot be compelled by virtual opposition alone – warm bodies protesting in the streets are still far more valuable. As boundaries between the real and cyber world blur, the contradictions that govern both realms heighten. And as witnesses to such collision, CPA dissenters are called to look beyond the computer screen and analyze the issue alongside its real world context and ramifications.

Gerilya

Kung totoo ang larong Killer-Killer
TAKBUHAN, SIGAWAN, AT PUTUKAN ANG HATID NG PAGTATANGHAL NG SIPAT LAWIN ENSEMBLE NA BATTALIA ROYALE: ISANG DULA NG BUHAY AT KAMATAYAN SA KAMAY NG MGA KABATAAN.

Jonathan Alejo Valdez

LATHALAIN OPINYON Miyerkules Miyerkules 27 Hunyo 03 Oktubre 2012 2012

WALANG PAGOD ANG MGA manonood sa pagtakbo para matunghayan ang susunod na eksena sa baliw na larong ito. Duguang mga bangkay dulot ng kaliwa’t kanang pagpapatayan ng mga estudyante ng Class Hope ng Our Lady of Guadalupe High School ang nagkalat sa paligid ng Museong Pambata. Habang hinaharap ng mga estudyante ang lagim ng larong pinipilit silang magbarilan, magpaluan, at maghiwaan, naroroon kaming manonood, naaaliw habang tinutunghayan ang karahasan na para bang kami ang diyos ng kanilang kapalaran. Ito ang handog ng pagtatanghal ng Sipat Lawin Ensemble (SLE) na pinamagatang Battalia Royale, isang inter-active site-specific na pagtatanghal kung saan hindi lamang nasasaksihan ng mga manonood ang bawat eksena, kundi kabilang na rin sila sa bawat pangyayari ng palabas. “Kupal ang mundo. Wala kang magagawa kundi ang lumaban.” - Kakai Halaw ang kuwento ng Battalia Royale sa nobelang Battle Royale ni Koushun Takami. Sa nobela, isang pangkat ng mga mag-aaral sa high school ang sapilitang ipinaglaban-laban sa isang programang nilikha ng pamahalaan upang sugpuin ang kanilang namumuong diwa ng paghihimagsik. Sa bersyon ng SLE, bahagi ng bagong Filipino curriculum ang programa na naglalayon umanong ihanda ang kabataang Pilipino sa pagpasok nila sa tunay na mundo. Sa parehong bersyon, kinakailangang magpatayan ng mga kabataan upang manalo – mamatay silang lahat kapag higit sa isa ang mananatiling buhay sa pagtatapos ng laro. Binuo ng SLE ang dula sa tulong ng apat na Australianong manunulat. Mula sa script na

nakasulat sa wikang Ingles, isinalin ng SLE ang ilang bahagi at pinasukan ng Pilipinong konteksto at sensibilidad. Puro mga Pilipinong aktor ang nagtanghal sa produksyon ng SLE. Inamin pa ng mga Australianong manunulat na angkop ang dula sa konteksto ng Pilipinas – lalo na ng urban nitong sentro – dahil halos pang-araw-araw na realidad dito ang karahasan. Pamilyar sa mga Pilipinong manonood ang bigat at pait ng totoong karahasan sa antas na hindi mapapantayan ng mga manonood ng Japan o Australia kung saan maaaring magsilbing palabas o spectacle lamang ang pagtatanghal. Sa ganitong gawi, masasabing Pilipino nga ang dulang ito. Tulad ng isinalarawan sa nobela, kalat-kalat na tilamsik ng dugo ang makikita sa magulo at madilim na tagpuan ng dula. Mas lalo pang napatindi ang pagiging makatotohanan ng dula dahil sa putok ng props na baril, paggamit ng mga tauhan sa mga sandatang mukhang tunay, at maging ang pagganap ng mga kawani ng SLE bilang mga tagapangasiwa ng laro at taga-gabay sa manonood sa susunod na mga eksena. “Hindi choice maging mabuti. ‘Yun ang dapat!” - Victor Site-specific ang pagtatanghal kaya lumilikha ito ng atmosperang nakabatay sa tono ng dula. Habang nagkakagulo ang mga tauhang estudyante sa pagtakbo at paglaban sa isa’t isa, tumatakbo at nakikipagbuno rin ang mga manonood para makita ang mga eksena. May panganib ding matamaan ng sandata, matilamsikan ng dugo, o mabunggo ng mga tauhan ang manonood.

Dahil sa estilong ito, mas umiigting ang relasyon ng mga manonood sa pagtatanghal. Pinalilitaw din nito ang reaksyon ng mga manonood sa mga nakakabiglang elemento ng dula at maaaring maihahambing ng mga manonood ang kanilang reaksiyon sa isa’t isa. Dahil dito, nagsisilbing daluyan ang dula sa iba’t ibang pananaw ng mga manonood sa tema at mga isyung tinalakay ng pagtatanghal. Mas pinaigting pa ng SLE ang partisipasyon ng mga manonood sa pamamagitan ng pagbibigay ng pagkakataon sa kanilang magpasya sa magiging takbo ng dula. Sa kalagitnaan ng palabas, ihihinto ng guro ang laro at itatanong sa mga manonood kung gusto ba nilang ititigil ang palabas at ililigtas ang natitirang mga estudyante. Kung may 30 na manonood na boboto na itigil ang laro, ihihinto na ng SLE ang pagtatanghal. Gayundin, mayroon pang bahagi ng dula kung saan lalabas ang guro na may kasamang estudyanteng nagmamakaawang mabuhay. Itatanong ng guro sa mga manonood kung dapat bang patayin ang tauhan o pabayaang bumalik sa laro. Ayon sa direktor na si JK Anicoche, tinitingnan ng SLE ang pagdudula bilang isang negosasyon sa pagitan ng mga manonood at ng dula, at sa pagitan ng mga manonood sa kapwa nila manonood. Sa pamamagitan ng

mga interaktibong bahagi ng dula, nasisipat ng mga tagapalabas at maging ng ibang mga manonood ang kanilang bawat takot, gulat, at galit. Dahil sa ganitong mga eksena ng dula, mas napalawak ng kuwento ang orihinal na tunggaliang inihapag ng nobela – kung makakayanan ba ng tao na patayin ang kaklase niya. Sa dula, ibinabato rin ang katanungan sa mga manonood na kung matitiis ba nila na masaksihan ang marahas at karumal-dumal na eksenang nakatambad sa kanila. “Not playing the game is standing up and saying we’ll not kill each other...” - Jessica Ayon kay Anicoche, wala pang pagkakataong naitigil ang palabas dahil pinipili ng karamihan sa mga manonood na ituloy ang dula. Minsan raw, ang naging resulta ng botohan ay 200:10, kung saan sampung manonood lang ang tumutol. Batay sa mga panayam, karamihan sa mga manonood ang nagsabing pinili nilang ipagpatuloy ang pagtatanghal dahil gusto nilang sulitin ang presyo ng ticket o ‘di kaya’y gusto nilang malaman kung ano ang magiging resolusyon ng dula. Ngunit may isang pagkakataon kung saan nag-walkout ang isang manonood dahil

para sa kanya, ito ang hinihingi ng pagtatanghal: ang umalis para talikuran ang karahasan. Sa unang tingin, marahil tinitignan ng ilan manonood ang dula bilang nakaaaliw na palabas lang. Ngunit para naman sa ilang pumili na ituloy ang dula, bagamat nauunawaan nila na ang pagkakataong itigil ang palabas ay pagkakataon nilang tumindig laban sa karahasan, mas pinili pa rin nilang masaksihan ang pag-usad ng dula. Alin man ang piliin ng mga manonood, maaaring sinasalamin nito ang realidad kung paano natin tinitignan ang isyu ng karahasan at pakikiramay sa kapwa-tao. Bagaman maaaring sabihin na laru-laro lamang ang ipinalabas ng Sipat Lawin Ensemble, nagawa nitong humakbang mula sa pormal na espasyo ng teatro at mang-akit ng mga manonood na maaaring hindi karaniwang nanonood ng dula. Sa larong ito, walang entablado, at dinurog ang fourth wall na naghihiwalay sa manonood at pagtatanghal. Wala man itong inaalok na sagot sa mga tanong ng dula tungkol sa pagkahumaling natin sa karahasan, nagawa pa rin nitong mambulahaw ng kaisipan. Sa huli, hindi ba’t ang layunin ng anumang sining ay hindi magpatahan ng kalooban kundi balisain ang mga tulog na damdamin? Sa antas na ito, nanggugulat at nanggigising ang Battalia Royale.

IN 1988, BRITISH-INDIAN AUTHOR Salman Rushdie published the book “The Satanic Verses,” which was partly inspired by the life of the Muslim prophet Muhammad. The novel received high critical praise, but generated much controversy for its blasphemous depiction of the Islamic religious figure. The affair crescendoed in 1989 with the issuance of a fatwa, or ruling in Islamic law, by Iranian spiritual leader Ayatollah Khomeini, who ordered Rushdie’s execution. The overall response of the Muslim world to the novel was characterized by extensive hatred and violence, with a reward being placed on Rushdie’s head. This decades-old controversy echoes today, with another work deemed blasphemous against the Muslim faith spreading across the Internet, and inciting fierce protest from the Muslim community. “Innocence of Muslims,” an anti-Islam film that has s p r e a d v i r a l l y, is receiving a growing negative response from many Muslims, and has become an arena that questions freedom of expression, and if this should take precedence over religious freedoms.

the world. However, there are also those who remained firm with their Islamophobic stances such as Terry Jones, a Christian pastor who famously burned 200 Qurans in 2010. Jones said that “[the film] is an American production, not designed to attack Muslims but to show the destructive ideology of Islam.”

sa pamamagitan ng mali ring pamamaraan?”

The verdict
As the controversy rages on, questions are raised about civil rights with regards to religious freedoms. Progressive movements that fight for human rights believe that justice and fair treatment should be awarded to people of all races, cultural backgrounds and religious faiths. However, any culture and religion should still be subject to law, including those that form the foundation of free speech. “Innocence of Muslims” is an expression of freedom of speech that is viewed in an offensive light, and incites anger and protest from a very large demographic. However, this does not mean that it should be suppressed or censored, much less become the cause of its filmmakers’ death as some Muslim reactions would desire. True peace and understanding between cultures and religions can only be achieved through open discourse; censorship silences this discourse, preventing any progress from being made. Hate speech is of course an exception to the rights of free speech; it has a strong potential to marginalize groups and assign stereotypes. However, “Innocence of Muslims,” while perceived to be offensive, was not made out of Islamophobic sentiment. In fact, it is easy to judge criticism of Islam to be “Islamophobia,” disregarding any legitimate concerns such as the religion’s treatment of women and human rights. The sort of issue surrounding “Innocence of Muslims” is not isolated to Muslims. Very conservative Catholics continue to denounce homosexuality, premarital sex, and the teaching of evolution in schools. They threaten critics from their own churches with excommunication, while those in government use the church’s support, power, and influence to sway public opinion. Liongson says, “May nagsasabi rin naman na bahagi [ang pelikula] ng freedom of speech. Pero siyempre tingan din natin na hindi dapat nakakasagasa sa paniniwala ng iba ang kalayaan sa pamamahayag, otherwise magsisimula iyon ng hindi pagkakaunawaan.” When it comes to controversies and issues that involve perceived animosity against a religion or culture, prejudice and hypersensitivity tend to lead to violent reactions before any kind of rational, critical thinking. Perhaps “Innocence of Muslims” had a message to send to everyone who watched it. However, without the opportunity for a peaceful forum of discussion, it has gone the way of the Crusades and the Rushdie affair, becoming yet another avenue for hatred and violence to blossom and spread.

The culprit
The source of such negative response to “Innocence of Muslims” s e e m s immediately apparent. The film is considered by many Muslims to be an affront to their faith. However, the causes run deeper than this. Professor Julkipli Wadi from the Institute of Islamic Studies in UP Diliman says that the reaction to the film, while varied across the Muslim community, may be particularly negative due to the recent 9/11 anniversary. Anti-Islam sentiments continue to permeate American thinking – something that has failed to change in the eleven years since the terrorist attacks. These anti-Islam sentiments bear evidence to a perceived connection between the United States and the film. Professor Wadi describes the “US dimension” as being potentially a very big factor in the negative response of Muslims. The negative reaction may be caused by what seems to be yet another attack against Muslims by the American people and media. The film itself might not actually be the primary subject of the Muslim community’s anger. Professor Wadi admits that the film was badly made, citing the “very big hype” as one of the primary causes of its going viral. It is clear that the causes behind the response of the Muslim community are more complex than one might initially think. That, however, does not mean that the subsequent violent response was justified. The film’s distribution triggered aggressive reactions from all over the world. Many U.S. embassies were attacked by protesters, resulting in several deaths. In the Philippines, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front urged the Muslim community not to resort to violence and instead use the rule of law. Tony Liongson, human rights director of the Moro-Christian People’s Alliance, says, “Sa tingin ko, mali ang magreact ka nang sobra, pumapatay ka ng karaniwang tao, nanununog ka ng ari-arian. Maitatama ba natin ang isang maling gawain sa pagsagot

KULTURA Miyerkules 3 Oktubre 2012

The innocent
“Innocence of Muslims” was allegedly produced and directed by Nakoula Basseley Nakoula, an Egyptian-born US citizen. The movie was uploaded to YouTube in July 2012 with the title “The Real Life of Muhammad.” The film, shot in English, largely remained unremarkable until early September, after a version of the video dubbed in the Arabic language was released, garnering attention from bloggers and news publications all over the world. Parts of the movie portray Egyptian Muslims burning Christians’ homes, while Muslim security officers turn a blind eye. The rest of the scenes cut across a satirical retelling of the life of the main character, the Prophet Muhammad. The caricaturized envisioning of Muhammad by itself is already a serious affront to Islam, but the film rubs salt into the wound with depictions of the Muhammad character’s womanizing tendencies, and an insinuation that Islam’s holy book was a patched-together concoction made from the Torah and the Bible’s New Testament. Indeed, the film’s content not only appeared to mock Islamic beliefs, but also portrayed Muslims as violent and unreasonable, resulting in people defending Islam by staging protests around

M ali k So lan ka

LO OST

INNOCENCE

[TITLE BLOCKED] (RA NO. 10175)
ALAM KONG HINDI LANG AKO ang Pilipinong ang almusal ay status sa Facebook, ang tanghalian ay tweet sa Twitter, at ang hapunan ay kakaibang video sa Youtube – may kasama pang halakhak sa 9gag bilang midnight snack. Tiyak kong hindi lang ako ang adik na nabubuhay sa kung tawagin natin ay cyber world. Malaya tayong nakagagawa ng mali at tama sa mundo ng internet. Dahil sa social network, maraming mga pamilya ang nagkakaroon ng virtual reunion, at maraming nabubuong pagkakaibigan o pagiibigan. Gamit ang video sharing sites, naibabahagi nang libre ang mga pelikulang siguradong masyadong mahal para panoorin sa sinehan. Napapanood din natin ang mga balitang hindi abot ng OPINYON ating mga telebisyon. Sa isang pindot lang, nagbubukas ang Miyerkules maraming pinto sa mas malawak 03 Oktubre at mas malalim na mga kaalaman 2012 ukol sa iba’t ibang usapin sa mundo. Maraming bansa na ang “lumaya” mula sa gapos ng mga diktador sa pamamagitan ng blogs at networking sites. Sa internet, nagkakaroon din ng boses ang mga maliliit na sektor at mga taong inaapi ng mga makapangyarihan. Dumarami rin ang nagiging maalam sa mga isyu kaya napalalakas ang mga samahang lumalaban para sa karapatan ng nakararami. Masaya ako dahil bahagi ako ng malayang mundong birtwal. Ngunit dahil sa ilang kill joy na mga tao, mailalagay sa panganib ang napakaraming Pilipino. Tila pansariling kapakanan ang nangingibabaw nang maisabatas ang Cybercrime Prevention Law of 2012 o RA 10175 – hindi ko akalaing may mapipikon pala sa memes. Information Bill at Genuine Agrarian Reform Bill. Pending pa rin ang requests ng mga naghahanap ng hustisya sa mga namatay at nawawala, wage hike, at pagtaas ng badyet sa social services at edukasyon. Ngayon, tuluyan pa ring dini-delete ang mga maralitang tagalungsod na walang maayos na tirahan. Mistulang bina-block din ng pamahalan ang karapatang pantao ng mga mamamayan. Hanggang ngayon, napakaraming virus ang kumakalat pero ang Cybercrime Prevention Law ang piniling ipatupad. Gaano man katuwid ang daan, kung marami namang butas ay hindi pa rin ito madadaanan. Maraming itim na profile pictures ang naglabasan upang labanan ang Cybercrime Prevention Law, ngunit hindi pa rin ito sapat para luminaw ang paningin ng ating naninilaw na gobyerno. Gamit ang sama-samang lakas ng loob at tamang sandata, ipaglaban natin ang ating birtwal at tunay na mundo para tuluyan nang madelete ang tunay na mga virus ng lipunan. P.S. Gusto ko lang maging malaya sa pagbabahagi ng saloobin at sana hindi ako macensor o makulong kapag nasa philippinecollegian.org na ito. Please like our Facebook page, by the way!

LAKAS TAMA How could you be so ugh?*
MARAMI AKONG kaklaseng Inglisero’t Inglisera, pero kapag kinakausap na nila ko, biglang nagtatagalog. Noong isang araw, may kaklase akong tinatanong ang lahat tungkol sa comments ni Sir sa outline ng final paper namin. “Heyyyyy! What’s your topic?” o “Did he, like, ask you to change your topic or what?” lagi ang conversation-starter niya. Pero nang tinapik na niya ako para tanungin, sabi niya, “Kamusta ‘yung papel mo?” Peksman, papel talaga. Wala naman akong problema sa kaklase kong iyon. Sakto lang siya — hindi naman siya kabilang sa listahan ko ng mga taong dapat dumaan sa lahat ng antas ng impyerno ni Alighieri. Pero hindi ko makakalimutan ang isang encounter sa Lola Lita’s sa Shopping Center noong ikalawang taon ko sa UP. Apat kami sa pila. May isang lalaking mukhang freshie, naka-tsinelas, naka-bag na gawa sa buri at naka-sumbrero na may tatak ng Boysen. ‘Yung dalawa pa, mga babaeng makulay ang bihis at swak ang pananalita sa archetype ng mga kolehiyalang galing sa exclusive high school for girls. Nagbubulungan ang dalawang babae pero dahil sadyang masikip sa Lola Lits, dinig namin ang mga sinasabi nila. “Look at his nails sa paa o, may mga black stuff,” sabi ng isa. Sumagot naman ang kasama niya ng, “And his bag, so bagay sa kalabaw.” Napalakas ang tawa nila pero bigla ring humina – para bang gusto nilang iparating sa amin na may breeding sila a la Doña Victorina. Nang magsalita na ang lalaki para sabihin ang order niya, sabay na tumawa ang dalawang babae. Pati mga ate’t kuya sa counter, napatingin sa kanila. Sa hinuha ko, pinagtatawanan nila ang punto ng lalaki – may kakaibang pilantik kasi ang pagkakasabi niya ng “one rice, dine in.” “What are you doing in UP?” tanong ng isang babae na parang nandudusta, nagtataka kung bakit may probinsiyanong nakatapak sa unibersidad. Hindi umimik ang lalaki, nakapako lang ang tingin sa salamin kung saan nakasilid ang iba’t ibang putahe. Nag-init ang anit ko, kaya napahirit ako ng, “Bakit, bawal?” Sila naman ang tumahimik. Gayunman, hindi ko pa rin ibibilang ang dalawang kumag na iyon sa listahan ng mga gusto kong ibitin nang patiwarik para ilublob sa umuusok na imburnal. Sa pananatili ko sa UP, tanggap ko nang Havaianas man o Havaiawak ang saplot mo sa paa, pwede kang maging kupal. Ang mas hindi ko matanggap, iyong mga ikinukulong sa issue ng diversity ang iba’t ibang usapin sa unibersidad. Tama namang bahagi ng komunidad ng UP ang mga hindi marunong managalog, ang mga hindi nag-iingles kahit kinakausap mo sa Ingles, ang mga baguhang probinsyano. Wala naman talagang isko ang dapat isinasantabi, kahit pa kaya niyang magbayad ng higit sa P1,500 kada yunit. Pero tutol ako sa mga nagbabandera ng “diversity” ng UP na para bang lahat tayo, dapat magkanyakanya dahil magkakaiba tayo ng binabayarang tuition, wikang madalas gamitin, o brand ng yosi. Tingin ko, higit pa sa pagiging UPCAT passer ang batayan ng pagkakaisa natin. Naniniwala akong sa kabila ng pagkakaiba-iba, may mga usaping dapat may iisang tindig tayong lahat. Gaya ng pagpapanatiling abot-kaya ng edukasyon sa UP. Kahit hindi lahat apektado, nasa atin ang hamon na huwag ipagdamot ang karapatang maging iskolar ng bayan sa mga estudyanteng magbabaka-sakali sa mga susunod pang taon. Paumanhin sa pagiging preachy, pero sabi ng isa sa mga pinakamatalas na mensaheng narinig ko sa Love Radio, “Kailangan pa bang i-memorize ‘yan?” *Mula sa kantang Coño Ka Pre ng Yano

Maraming mambabatas ang nag-like sa batas na ito, habang nanatiling hidden files na lamang ang ibang mas makabuluhang batas
Sa RA 10175, epektibong mawawalan ng kalayaang magpahayag ang internet users. Mahirap na kasing mag-post o mag-tweet kung posible kang makulong kapag sa palagay ng gobyerno’y libelous ang sinasabi mo. Tama, pwedeng makulong sa loob ng 12 taon ang mga tinatawag na cyber criminal kung hindi sila makakapagpiyansa ng P1 milyon. Maraming mambabatas ang nag-like sa batas na ito, habang nanatiling hidden files na lamang ang ibang mas makabuluhang batas tulad ng Freedom of

THIS WEEK’S QUESTION
TANONG: TAO BA ANG MAY-ARI ng Textback? Sagot: Oo. Number pa lang, Globe na. Hindi robot o computer ang may-ari ng Textback number. May feelings ako ‘no. Minsan nagsisisi nga ako kung bakit nag-volunteer ako sa paggamit ng Kulê sa number ko para sa Textback. Hindi biro ang pagkakalat ng personal mong numero. May mga tumatawag na hindi mo kilala, minsan nakikilala ka dahil sa numero mo lang, at marami pang ibang problemang kung tutuusin ay maliit lang, pero “KULÊ Hi Kulê! Pakibati naman po si…” Pero hindi ko na tinapos basahin pa ang text dahil hindi naman ito tungkol sa kin. Bumalik ako sa pagtulog. Matapos ang ilang oras, nag-ring na naman ang telepono ko, pero natulog ullit nang nalaman kong para sa Textback lang ang mensahe. Ewan, pero nagkaroon na yata ako ng konting pagka-asar sa mga text na para lang sa Textback. Alam mo yung agony na pinagdadaanan habang naghihintay ka ng text galing sa kanya? Gan’un ako lagi. Isipin mo na lang ang inis ko tuwing nalalaman kong galing lang sa isang random na estudyante ang text. May isang eksena ding kapwa nakakatawa’t nakakaasar: may tumawag sa aking babae na tila “Hello,” “Sino ka,” at “Anong name mo” lang ang kayang sabihin. Nang napagod na ako sa pagtatanong kung bakit siya tumawag, sinabi ko na lang na “Sorry, pero number ito ng Kulê. Hindi rin ako naghahanap ng ka-text. Salamat sa pagtawag. Bye.” Nag-text pa siya nang ilang beses hanggang magalit siya sa akin dahil sa hindi ko pagreply: “Nxt tym wak muh lgay cp # muh xa jary0 kng ayaw mung twagn k huh? Ybang muh.” Naubos ang brain cells ko sa pagintindi kung bakit siya pa ang nagalit. Tinawanan ko na lang. Hassle ding malaman ang tinatago mong identity dahil

Textback Guy
“sikat” ang number mo. Wala nang katuturan pa ang pagjo-joke/ pagtatago sa identity kung sa number pa lang, alam na ng mga tao na ikaw pala ang Textback Guy ng Kulê. Kahit may kalakip itong pride at wow factor, mas gugustuhin ko pa rin naman ang privacy. Priceless ‘yun e. Bilang hawak ko na rin ang pangalan ng Kulê, kailangan ko ring pigilan ang sarili kong sagutin ang ilang mensahe ng mga estudyanteng para sa akin ay tila hindi nag-iisip. May ilang mabababaw/mali ang pagtingin sa isang isyu, may ilang negative/ unnecessary comments, at iba pa. Mahirap paghiwalayin ang mga mensaheng nanggaling sa akin sa mga mensaheng galing sa Kulê. Kaya kailangang magpigil. Pasensya, alam ko namang mababaw lang ang problema. Madali naman solusyonan ‘to e, bumili lang ng bagong SIM card at bagong phone. Budget lang ang problema. Ngayong wala pa masyadong pera, siguro pwedeng solusyon muna ang pag-entertain sa mga gustong makipag-textmate. Tutal, may mga oras na bored ako at gusto ko lang makipag-kuwentuhan. Ewan. Bahala na kayo. Maging mabait na l=ang kayo siguro sa pag-text. ‘Wag lang naughty. May magagalit.

Mahirap paghiwalayin ang mga mensaheng nanggaling sa akin sa mga mensaheng galing sa Kulê

nakakairita na rin kapag tumagal. Pero hindi ako nagrereklamo a. Ibinabahagi ko lang sa inyo ang mga karanasan ko sa habang hawak ko ang Textback Phone. Tulad na lamang noong isang gabing naalimpungatan ako dahil sa pag-ring ng phone ko. May natanggap pala akong mensahe:

Textback

Eksenang Peyups
lungan.. Wala na tayong Mike-silungan.” GO UP MBT! Proud kami senyo! UP Fight! 2007-65798 One Last Cry para s men’s basketball team. Suggestion ng klasmeyt kong c abi! 2012-35490 BA Journ Para sa UP MBT, “Puso” ng Spongecola. Puso kung puso ang bawat laban, kahit isang panalo lang, sobrang nakakaproud kayo, salamat sa season na’to! 200867777 aking iaalay ang kantang ‘the show must go on’ ng queen para sa UP MBT. Go Maroons! Nxt year sana starting pg na si asilum, si manuel din starter na dapat. Sana maayos na ung rotation ni sir dandan. Give more mins to gallarza sa 5 spot. Better set plays. Go UP! Go UP! 09-2424* up student na naniniwala sa team Beed Isang line mula sa Beautiful Girl ni Jose Mari Chan, “I rushed in line only to find that you were gone.” Para yan kay Jelo Montecastro. Ngayon ko lang siya naappreciate, eh graduating na pala siya </3 2012-*024* Rebound ng Silent Sanctuary at Gangnam Style ni PSY para sa UP men’s basketball team. may laban naman eh, sayang lang. may next year pa. kakayanin yan. 2011-1526* b se. Stronger dahil nag-improve na kayo this year. Keep it up! :D 2011-60196 JACP B SE (Physics) Ang kantang gusto kong ialay sa UP Fighting Maroons ay Just the way you are ni Bruno Mars kasi kahit hindi sila nananalo todo bigay parin sila sa lahat ng laban at yun ang mahalaga 2011-43145 Tonyaaa Where Have You Been by Rihanna =)) 12-**367 CM eye of the tiger po para sa men’s basketball team. Hello lang po from us students sa UP Clark 2012-62013 beatrice villadelrey BA applied psych staff, keep doing a great job :)) Hello kay rm! Grabe ang ganda mo talaga! Hello din sa mga BS Chem out there :DD 2010-01343 bs chem Happy Birthday, Anne Atayan! 200928094 Mister Tall Pabati po kay Kevin Luor Maurice Victorio! Work hard on your thesis:)) 200835465 abati po si Fritz Abarca ng Broadcomm. Advanced happy birthday kuya! Inagahan ko na kasi last issue for the sem na yata to. Stay awesome bro! :) 1258960 (pacensor nlng po ng last 3 digits) ello kule! binabati ko lng mga friends ko na cla CLAUD,MIKEE,AYIE,ELLA,ILA. ajujuju :* 11-49365 shiela

Nakapirma ka na ba sa petition form ng Kule? Kailan, kanino, saan at bakit?
pumirma na ko kahit alm kong dadagdag ito sa pasaning bayarin pero hindi ko kayang mawala ang Kule sa buhay ko:D Kinollect ko na cia EVER;)12-27409 BS Chem Oo, nakapirma na ako! Last week sa BA99.1 class namin, kay ate na nagcampaign. Di ko sya kilala e. :)) Pumirma ako kasi umaasa pa rin kami na babalik pa si Delfin Mercado. <3 We love you, Delfin! :)) 2011.28510 Oo. A few weeks ago. Isang lalaking nagcampaign sa aming klase sa engg. Because kule deserves it. Go Kule, hope you get that budget increase. 2010-51562. nakapirma naman sa petition ngunit may ilan na nagtatanong kung “bakit pa kami pipirma? Ayaw na nga namin ng tuition hike, lab fee increase at pe fee tapos tutulong kami sa pagtaas ng presyo for somethind unsure to be worth the money paid” maliit lang ang increase pero sa dagdag sa iba pang pagtataas hindi nalang po! 201224585 Bugsh P. ng BS MATHamlay yes! Today (september 20 2012) kay Ms. Isa Borlaca sa may KAMIA Res. Hall dahil gusto ko ring tumaas ang budget ng KULE. 2012-72158 Xianu BS Math Yes, nakapirma na ko. Not because may nagpapirma lang. I know my duty as an Iskolar ng Bayan to my co-Isko at co-Iska to spread the news of what’s happening in our school. Nararapat lang na taasan ang budget :-) kung ano ung mahalaga, un ung hinihigpitan sa budget. Samantalang pag benefit lang nila, un ung pinapaburan. 2012-00094 aynie28 BA Broad Comm Akala ko ay attendance sheet ang petition form dahil pinapasa-pasa nila yun sa room kaya ako pumirma. Hindi kasi inexplain ng katabi ko. Hahaha. Kinabukasan ko na lang nalaman sa kule na petition form pala yun for budget increase. 12-57763 Leanne Feliz BA CL ahy, yun ba yung napirmahan ko nung klase ko sa math nung tuesday? baka nga siguro. pinasa lang kasi sa akin tapos may mga details na hiningi kaya pinunan ko. XD 2011-2***8 nakapirma na po ako. pumirma ako dahil alam ko, mahalaga ang isang pahayagan sa isang unibersidad dahil ito ang nagsisilbing tinig ng mga mag aaral.humahanga ako sa dedikasyon ng patnugutan ng KULE, sa pagsisikap nilang mapanatiling buhay ang isang bagay na masasabi nating naging bahagi na rin ng kasaysayan. Sana’y maisakatuparan ang inyong layunin. KUDOS KULE! 2012-00007 frediemorepablo bs electrical

Next semester’s questions:
1. Ano ang assessment mo sa Kule ngayong first sem? 2. Ano ang ginawa mo noong sembreak?

Da Imbiyerna Edishun

Key in KULE <space> MESSAGE <space> STUDENT NUMBER <required> NAME and COURSE (optional) and send to

Non-UP students must indiate any school, organizational or sectoral affiliation.

Comments

engineering

mahirap basahin ang nakasulat sa front page. Don’t use light colored font on light background. Nakasalamin na nga ako hindi ko pa mabasa. 08-78974 Miesha Hi, parang may kulang po dun sa article ninyo about the UP Men’s Basketball team. Diba aalis din po si Mbah, kaya 9 players ang mawawala sa roster ng UP? 10-10592 Shet sobrang pogi ni jonathan trinidad <3 2011-41214 Bat ganun yung EP last week? Badtrip. Iba na naman nagsulat. 0941235 RC Guerrero, super similar yung iPod incident sa nangyari sakin! Akala ng bf kong nakabasa ako nagsulat sa Kule. Haha. Mamatay na talaga mga magnanakaw!! Pakipublish po sana. Graduate na ko di ko pa naranasang mapublish ang txt sa txtbak :)) 07-03403 Kraning BA PA

Anong kanta ang iaalay mo sa UP men’s basketball team?
themesong sa UPMBT, buh-bye na, aalis ka na. Para yan sa mga poging MBT na gagraduate this year. Silungan, Montecastro, Padilla, Wierzba, Hipolito, Lopez, Wong at Gamboa. :) 201065868 Lav BA Journ Just once can we figure out what we keep doing wrong? ifigure out na nga sana ng men’s team para bago ko grumaduate maging champions tayo :P 0951028 we are the champions! We are the champions! We are the champions of the WOOOORLD! ang alay kong kanta para s basketball team. Malay nyo, champion n tau next season! 2012-62133 P.J. Celerio BA Communication Research Andito na si chito, si chito miranda, andito rin si kiko, si francis magalona, andito rin si gloc9 wala siyang apelido, magbabagsakan dito in 5, 4, 3, 2,.. 201011191 chito miranda fine arts Kantang iaalay ko sa UP MBT? Dooooon’t stop belieeeving hold on to that feeeeeling! Papasok din tayo sa final 4! :) 2010-09691 The Fighter by the Gym Class Heroes ang peg kong ialay na song sa men’s basketball team ng UP. Haha! UP fight! 2012-59798 A. Lapada BA CommRes alay na kanta ko sa UP MBT ay Masilungan ng Sandwich. “Wala na tayong masi-

Pabati

pabati naman sa crush kong si PETER PAUL SENGSON! Hi Pete :-) 0840660 Happy Birthday RIZZA CORELLA ROQUE PUNSALAN :D o da ba, sa kule pa kita grineet XD -1119998 Ynigma ;) PS Kule

Newscan
Pasundayag 105: Dap-ayang Sakay
Sa pagdiriwang ng ika-105 taong anibersaryo ng kabayanihan ni Macario De Leon Sakay, Heneral ng Katipunan, Presidente Supremo at Punong Kumander, Republika ng Katagalugan, inaanyayahan ang lahat sa sumusunod na exhibit ukol kay Heneral Sakay: “Pasundayag 105: Si Sakay sa Aklatan” sa ground floor lobby, UP Main Library bago o hanggang Biyernes, 5 Oktubre 2012; at sa “Pasundayag 105: Sining Sakay” sa Philippines Hall gallery, Hall of Wisdom, GT-Toyota Asian Center bago o hanggang Biyernes, 5 Oktubre 2012.

Pa-Titanic na ang peg na drama ng mga “Hell Week” status of FB friends, fake friends, friends with benefits at sangkabruhaan in general. Imbiyerna! Naweweather forecast niyo na ba ang lamig ng inyong Paskow (at final grades)? Hohoho. Imbiyerna #1 Mukhang nakikisabay ang Atcheng itey sa bagong uso ng bayan: ze friendzone! Halatang laglag-pantey ang level while fishing kung sinetch ang crush ni Koya. At ang Koya naman, pakunwey pang ayaw sabihin. Si Atche tuloy, all smiles tulo-laway tirik-mata level sa kilig. Ngunit subalit datapuwey, gumuho, nag-delubyo, nag-armageddon ang labas giligid smile ni Atche nang sinabi ni Koyang ang crushibelles niya ay si “M*rian.” Ermingard Atche, na-witness ng buong Ikot jeep ang kalurkihan ng fez! Lesson: ‘wag asyumera kei? Imbyerna #2 In fair! Sinetch ang Koyang itey na uber stigmatized with HIV by his friendships. While hanging with his beki at mudrabelle friends out one yosi night, nag-share si koyang ng kanyang yosi sa isang Atey. Si Atey tuloy napasabi, “Ay! May STD na ako… Smoking Transmitted Disease.” Haggardoo! Hmmm ateng aminin, sa kakabuga tinuluan ng three drops. Ahihihi. Imbiyerna #3 Da who itong Kuluterang Atcheng na lumamyerda sa acad oval looking for signachurrs. While walking ala-The Climb music video, a dashing prince charming on a horse—este a bike—passed by... and made bunggo ate! Lurrrkey much! Don’t get me wrong mga indays, pero parang movie ang bumping, tumbling, rolling-over ni Atche sa road. Nagka-skinship moments pa ang kanilang mga fes nang magbungguan! Panay sorry naman ang peg ni koyang killer smile. Nag-offer pa ng ice cream ang dashing prince kay Atche! Hmmm could this be love? Lately kabe-break pa lang niteng Atche and her jowawers. Prince charming on a bike, hirit na! Apply lang sa Room 401 ng Vinzons! Kileeeeeeg! Anyway, I’m tired na mga bekis! Dito na muna ang mga tsismax kong bumubulwak at kumikislot sa lagkiyeet. Hellweek na mga dears. Mag-aral mabuti. Later na ang landian at kalurluran, di bers? So reserve a room in Hell na! Basta reseve itech with a gwapers boylet okesh na okesh na! Mwah!

OPINYON Miyerkules 3 Oktubre 2012

Invitation to public consultation on netizens’ Bill of Rights
In a move to turn legislation on the Internet from being restrictive towards becoming responsive to the needs of netizens, Kabataan Partylist will be filing the Netizens Bill of Rights upon the resumption of Congress on October 8. In this light, we are currently arranging a public consultation regarding the proposed bill to ensure that concerns of various stakeholders will be properly addressed. The round table discussion is tentatively set on October 4, Thursday, 4PM at the UP College of Law. For further details, visit www.facebook.com/kabataan

#Tagged! You’re it!

UP Journalism Club and TV 5 in cooperation with UP CMC Department of Journalism, UP CMC Student Council, UST Journalism Society, UST Communication Arts Students Association, DLSU Team Communication, and Kalayaan Literary Circle bring you Project Byline 2012: #Tagged! You’re it! A Social Media Ethics Campaign -- Join the different activities on October 4 and 5 at the UP College of Mass Communication as we promote the responsible use of social media.

CONTACT US. Write to us via snail mail or submit a soft copy to Room 401 Vinzons Hall, UP DIliman, Quezon City. Email us at kule1213@gmail.com. Save Word attachments in Rich Text Format, with INBOX, NEWSCAN or CONTRIB in the subject. Always include your full name, address and contact details.

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