Experiment no.

4 7-Segment Display with Decoder
Objective: The student will be able to do the following:  Demonstrate the operation of a decoder-driver circuit that accepts a binary or BCD input code and generates the 7-segment display signals to produce the numbers 0 through 9 and other characters.  Understand and use color coding scheme of resistors. Decoders:  Decoder is combinational circuit that converts binary information from the n coded inputs to a maximum of 2n unique outputs.  The decoder presented on this experiment are called n-to-m line decoder where m ≤ 2n. Its purpose is to generate the 2n (or fewer) mi nterms of n input variables.

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Equipment: Breadboard DC Power Supply 5V or 9V Battery 7-Segment LED Display Solid-core wire 47 ohms resistors IC 7447

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Bread board Layout

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Conclusion: A seven-segment display decoder is a combinational circuit that accepts a 4-bit input and generates appropriate outputs for enabling/disabling each of the 7 segments so as to display the corresponding decimal digit. The decoder has seven outputs (a, b, c, d, e, f, and g) each output controls the corresponding segment in the 7-segment display. As said above, it accepts a 4-bit input that ranges from 0000 to 1001 to get decimal output on the display from decimal 0 to 9. The seven-segment display has limitations such as it does not display the tails of decimal 6 and 9. And also it cannot display larger digit but it is capable of displaying the 16 hexadecimal characters.

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