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The Blue Cliff Record
Hekiganroku (E. The blue cliff record, C. Pi-yen-lu)
A collection of 100 koans originally compiled, with appreciatory verses, by Setcho Juken (C. Hsüeh-tou Ch'ung-hsien) under a name of the 'Priest Hsüeh-tou 's Capping Verses on One Hundred Cases'. Although it is a text of fundamental importance for koan study in the Rinzai School it was also studied by Eihei Dogen, the founder of the japanese Soto school, who on the return from Zen studies in China brought with him to Japan a handwritten copy of the document. Hekiganroku - Case 1: Bodhidharma's "Clear and Void" Emperor Bu of Ryo  asked Great Master Bodhidharma, "What is the highest meaning of the holy reality?" Bodhidharma replied, "Clear and void, no holiness." The emperor said, "Who are you in front of me?" Bodhidharma said, "I don't know." The emperor did not match him. Finally, Bodhidharma crossed the Yangtse River and came to the kingdom of Gi. Later, the emperor asked Shiko for his view. Shiko said, "Does Your Majesty know who this man is?" The emperor said, "I don't know." Shiko said, "He is the Mahasattwa Avalokitesvara transmitting the seal of Buddha's Mind." The emperor regretted and wanted to send an emissary to invite Bodhidharma back. Shiko said, "Your Majesty, do not intend to send an emissary to fetch him back. Even if all the people in the land were to go after him, he would not return." : Emperor Bu reigned over the land of Ryo between 502-509 Hekiganroku - Case 2: Joshu's "Supreme Way" Joshu, instructing the assembly, said, "The supreme Way is not difficult; it simply dislikes choosing . But even if a word is uttered, it is already an action of 'choosing' or of adhering to 'clarity'. This old monk  doesn't dwell in clarity. Do you monks want to keep a firm hold on 'clarity' or not?" At that time a monk asked,
"You say you do not dwell in clarity. If so, what is there to keep a firm hold on?" Joshu said, "I don't know, either." The monk said, "If you, Master, don't know, why do you say that you don't dwell in clarity?" Joshu said, "You have already asked amply. Bow and withdraw." : Cf. the beginning of the Shinjinmei (Believing in the Mind; Poem composed by the third Patriarch Sosan): "The supremet Way is not difficult; it simply dislikes choosing. Only if there is no love or hatred, all is complete clarity." : "this old monk" i.e. "I" Hekiganroku - Case 3: Master Ba Is Ill Great Master Ba was seriously ill. The chief priest of the temple asked him, "Master, how are you feeling these days?" Great Master said, "Sun-face Buddha, Moon-face Buddha" . : The "Sun-face Buddha" is a buddha, who is said to have a life of 1800 years, while the "Moon-face Buddha" lives only 24 hours. Case 4: Tokusan with His Bundle Tokusan arrived at Isan. Carrying his bundle under his arm, he stepped into the Dharma hall. He walked across it from east to west and from west to east. Looking around he said, "None, none!" and went out. (Setcho  commented: "Seen through!") But when he got to the entrance gate, Tokusan said, "Still, I shouldn't be so hasty." So, he dressed formally and entered again to meet Isan. As Isan sat at his place, Tokusan held up his sitting cloth in a ceremonial manner and said, "Master!" Isan was about to take his whisk, when suddenly Tokusan shouted, "Kaatz!" Then he flourished his sleeves and went out. (Setcho commented: "Seen through!") Turning his back on the Dharma hall, Tokusan put on his straw sandals and left. In the evening, Isan asked the head monk, "Where is the newcomer who was here a while ago?" The head monk said, "He soon turned his back on the Dharma hall, put on his straw sandals and went away." Isan said, "One day that fellow
") : Setcho Zenji is the compiler of the Hekiganroku. saying. Mumonkan). In those days this Chinese word colloquially meant also. "They are well grown!" Unmon said.Case 5: Seppo's "Grain of Rice" Seppo. "All summer I've preached to you. ask you." Unmon himself answered in the monks' stead. are Suigan's eyebrows still there? " Hofuku said. "You are Echo.e. teaching the assembly. I cast it down before you. "When you pick up the whole earth in your fingers. "I. you don't recognize it any more. call everyone to look for it!" Hekiganroku . a stick with a flexible whisk on top Hekiganroku . "Every day is a good day.will build a grass hut upon a lonely peak." Case 8: Suigan's "Eyebrows" Towards the end of summer . : According to the popular belief a great criminal should lose his eyebrows as a sign of his coming punishment in hell.Case 6: Unmon's "Good Day" Unmon. "I don't ask you about before the fifteenth day. : In Japanese: hossu i. said. Suigan instructed the assembly. Master. my brothers." Case 7: Echo Asks about Buddha A monk asked Hogen. "The robber's heart is terrified!" Chokei said. : Literally kan means "barrier" (cf. What is Buddha?" Hogen said. it's the size of a grain of rice. Echo." (Setcho commented: "Piling up frost on top of snow. said. Beat the drum. "Watch out!" or "There!" . Like in a black lacquer bucket. giving instruction. bring me a phrase about after the fifteenth day. and scold the buddhas and abuse the patriarchs. "Kan!"  : Summer-sesshin for 3 months. Look here.
"  : cf. "What is Joshu?"  Joshu said. Bokushu hit him saying. north gate. then what?" The monk was silent. where will the 'Today' [The world of nirvana] be? Do you know that in this great empire of Tang there is no Zen master?" Now a monk came forward and said. "Where have you come from?" At once the monk shouted. said. west gate. south gate. Case 10: Bokushu's "Idiot" Bokushu asked a monk." : The name of the Zen Master Joshu is taken from the city "Joshu"." Hekiganroku .Hekiganroku .Case 9: Joshu's Four Gates A monk asked Joshu. "Kaatz!" Bokushu said. I only say that there is no master. instructing the assembly. "After three or four shouts of 'Kaatz'. "What would you say to the fact that in various places there are people who accept students and direct their assemblies?" Obaku said.Case 12: Tozan's "Three Pounds of hemp"  A monk asked Tozan. "I don't say that there is no Zen. near which he taught. "The old monk has been scolded by you with a 'Kaatz'!" The monk shouted again. "East gate. case 18 of the Mumonkan : In Japanese: masagin . "Three pounds of hemp. If you continue to go on your Way like this. "You are all drinkers of lees. "Kaatz!" Bokushu said. "What is Buddha?" Tozan said. "You idiot!" Case 11: Obaku's "Drinkers of Lees" Obaku.
"Preaching one thing. "What is it that's not the function of the mind in me nor a thing before me?" Unmon said. "If I were not alive. "What would you wish me to do after a hundred years ?"  The national teacher said." The emperor said.Case 18: The National Teacher's Gravestone Emperor Shukuso  asked Chu. "Heaping up snow in a silver bowl." Hekiganroku . people would all laugh. Case 14: Unmon's "Preaching Fittingly" A monk asked Unmon. "You fool in the weeds!" Case 17: Kyorin's "Sitting for a Long Time" A monk asked Kyorin. please peck from outside. "What is the meaning of the Patriarch's coming from the West?" Kyorin said.Case 13: Haryo's "Silver Bowl"  A monk asked Haryo." [In Japanese: Tai-issetsu. Case 22/a in the Miscellaneous Koans. I beg you."  : In Japanese: Toissetsu Case 16: Kyosei and "Picking and Pecking" A monk asked Kyosei. your student. "Make a seamless gravestone  for this old monk.Case 15: Unmon's "Preaching in the Reverse" A monk asked Unmon. am picking from inside the shell.] Hekiganroku . "What is the teaching of the whole lifetime of Shakyamuni?" Unmon said. . "Preaching in the reverse. "I. "What is the Deva Sect?" Haryo said. "I am tired from sitting for a long time. Master. the national teacher." Kyosei said." Kyosei said. "But will you be alive or not?" The monk said." : Cf.
Suibi took it and hit him. Let him come to you and ask him about it. Ryuge said. It was often made for deceased monks. Tangen responded: "The south of the river. the emperor called Tangen and asked him about the meaning of this." The national teacher remained silent for a long time. "What is the meaning of the Patriarch's coming from the west?" Suibi said. "The single hand does not sound without reason. which fills the whole land. who is well versed with this matter. "What is the meaning of the Patriarch's coming from the west?" . Hekiganroku . "You may hit me as you like. "The sea is peaceful.") Under the shadowless tree all people are in one boat." Ryuge also asked Rinzai.") In the crystal palace there is no one who knows. "I have a Dharma successor. master. "The speech is finished. Then he said. (Setcho commented. the river clear. : see case 3 of the Mumonkan Case 20: Suibi and the Chin Rest Ryuge asked Suibi.") In between there's gold. "I didn't understand anything. my disciple Tangen. (Setcho commented. "Did you understand?" The emperor said. north of the lake: (Setcho commented. "Bring me a chin rest. hewn freshly from the mountain forest. (Setcho added." Ryuge brought one and gave it to him.  after your death  an egg-formed gravestone which is made out of a single piece of stone. for a design. After all there is no meaning to the Patriarch's coming from the west.Case 19: Gutei's One Finger  Whatever he was asked about Buddhism. Master Gutei simply stuck up one finger. "A staff." After the national teacher passed away."I should like to ask you." The national teacher said.")"  historically speaking it was Emperor Daiso the oldest son and successor of Shukuso.
" Hekiganroku . pointing with a finger.Case 22: Seppo's "Poisonous Snake"  Seppo. said. a narrow board used so as to let one sleep in the sitting posture. "Lotus leaves. "Right here is the summit of Myo Peak. "What is it when the lotus has not yet come out of the water?" Chimon said." The monk asked. "Why does it have to be 'the southern side of the mountain'?" Unmon threw his staff in front of Seppo and acted frightened. Chokei Hekiganroku . instructing the assembly." A monk told this to Gensha. However.e. "What is it after the lotus has come out of the water?" Chimon replied."  Chokei said." The monk asked. "Today in the Zen hall there are many people. "There's a poisonous snake on the southern side of the mountain. said. : see case 24 of Shoyoroku.Rinzai said. . They have lost their body and life. I wouldn't talk like that." Ryuge got one and gave it to Rinzai. Rinzai took it and hit him. All of you should look at it carefully!" Chokei said. "Only Elder Brother Ryo  could say something like that.e."  Literally: "Zen board" i. Hofuku.Case 21: Chimon's "Lotus" A monk asked Chimon. "Bring me a sitting cushion. After all there is no meaning to the Patriarch's coming from the west. "Lotus flowers. "What then would you say. Ryuge said. Master"? Gensha replied. "You may hit me as you like. : i. Hekiganroku . who said.Case 23: Hofuku and Chokei Go on a Picnic Once Hofuku and Chokei went out on a picnic in the hills.
Case 25: The Hermit of Lotus Peak The hermit of Lotus Peak  took up his staff and showed it to the assembly. I go straight into the thousand and ten thousand peaks. Gotai. . Her name means "Ryu. "After all. it's regrettable. "Old Cow. saying. you would see only skeletons in the field. "Hundreds and thousands of years from now. "What's the use of making an excursion with these fellows today?" He again said. you have come!" Tetsuma said."  Originally "Rengeho. "If it weren't for the Reverend Son . "When the old ones  reached this point.") Later." Again he said. how is it?" Once more he himself answered in their place. saying."  Literally: "the Peak of Wonder. Hekiganroku . saying. Kyosei said. Master?" Isan lay down and stretched himself out. He himself answered in their stead. they reported to Kyosei about it. "With my staff across my shoulders. a Dharma grandson of Unmon Zenji  The great Zen personages of old.Case 24: Tetsuma. paying other people no heed." His real name was Sho. why didn't they dare to remain here?" The assembly was silent."Exactly. I don't say that there will be none like him. Isan said."  More exactly: Mt. Will you go there. "Because that has no power on the Way. once a student of Isan. Tetsuma left immediately."  Namely Chokei. But. the iron grindstone. only that there will be very few. and." (Setcho commented saying. "Tomorrow there will be a great feast at Mt Tai . the Cow Ryu Tetsuma  came to Isan.  A famous Zen person. which is far away in the northern part of the country.
"That's how it is with me. "What is the matter of extraordinary wonder?" Hyakujo said. "Complete exposure of the golden wind.Case 26: Hyakujo on Daiyu Peak A monk asked Hyakujo. Hyakujo thereupon hit him. Hyakujo asked." Hyakujo said. How am I to know whether there is a Dharma that has been preached or that has never been preached?" Nansen said." Nansen said.Case 27: Unmon's "Complete exposure" A monk asked Unmon. "This is not mind. Hekiganroku .Hekiganroku . "Sitting alone on Daiyu  Peak!" The monk made a deep bow. "There is." Hyakujo said." Hyakujo asked. "  The autumn wind was also called "golden wind". where Hyakujo's monastery was located. this is not Buddha. How about you. this is not thing. "I have already preached to you fully. "What is this Dharma that has never been preached to the people?" Nansen said.  The name of the mountain. "You did preach like that. Case 28: Nansen's "Dharma That Has Never Been Preached" Nansen went to see Master Hyakujo Nehan." . "What is it when the tree withers and the leaves fall?" Unmon answered. "I am not a man of great wisdom. "I don't understand. Master?" Hyakujo said. "Is there any Dharma that the sages of the past have never preached to the people?" Nansen said.
not right!'?" Nansen said. . Hekiganroku . 'Not right."  I. fire. This is nothing but a whirling of the wind . He circled Nansen's dais three times. "Gone with the other. right!" (Setcho comments.. Nansen said. it will perish." : one of the four elements in Chinese physics (earth. "Not right. will 'that' be gone with the other?"  Daizui said. "When the great kalpa fire is inflamed.. shook the ring-staff and stood there bolt upright. air."  The province of Chin was famous for producing great radishes. "I've heard that you personally met Nansen . the whole universe  will be destroyed. wind is the element of movement.e. shook the ring-staff and stood there bolt upright. "If so." The monk said.Case 30: Joshu's "Giant Radishes" A monk asked Joshu. In the end. Shokei said. ". Joshu's monastery was also located in that area. Master. "Destroyed. 'Right." Daizui said. Is it true or not?" Joshu replied. "Master Shokei said.Case 29: Daizui and the "Kalpa Fire" A monk asked Daizui.. right!' Why. He circled Shokei's dais three times. wind). "Wrong!") Then. I wonder if 'that' will also be destroyed or not. not right!" (Setcho comments.Case 31: Mayoku Circles Around the Master's Dais Mayoku. that you were a student of Nansen. with his ring-staff in hand. Mayoku said. came to Shokei. "With Shokei it is right. "Wrong!") Mayoku then came to Nansen. do you say. "Right. "The province of Chin  produces giant radishes." Hekiganroku ."  Literally: "a billion worlds"  The word "the other" means "the universe.Hekiganroku . but with you it is not right.
When Shifuku saw him coming." Kyozan said. "How is the Buddhist Dharma in the South maintained?" . is the most noted peak of Mt. translated as "Five Elder" Peak.Case 33: Chinso Has One Eye National Secretary Chinso went to see Shifuku. "Senior monk Jo! Why don't you make a deep bow?" As he made a deep bow. "Then you have never been to the mountains at all!" Unmon said. I have never been there. "Because of too much compassion these words have fallen into grasses.") Case 34: Kyozan's "Not Wandering" Kyozan asked a monk. (Setcho said. : The Goroho Peak. "Where have you come from?" Mujaku answered. slapped him and thrust him away. grabbed him by the lapels. "From Mount Ro. Why do you draw a circle in addition to that?" Thereupon Shifuku closed the door of his room. Ro. "Chinso has but one eye. Case 35: Manjusri's "Three Three" Manjusri asked Mujaku. he drew a circle. "No. Jo stood there as if rooted to the spot. "Have you been to the Goroho Peak?"  The monk said. Jo suddenly attained a great enlightenment. Chinso said. "It is already straying from the essence that your student has come to you at all. "Where have you come from?" The monk said. A monk standing nearby said. "From the south." : One of the most beautiful and most famous mountains in the southern part of China with many Zen monasteries."  Kyozan said.Case 32: Jo and the "Essence of Buddhism" A senior monk Jo asked Rinzai. Hekiganroku ."  Manjusri said. "What is the essence of Buddhism?" Rinzai came down from his seat.
"In the Three Worlds . Where should one seek the mind?" : The World of desires. dragons and snakes are mixed with each other." Manjusri said. "How many monks are over there?" Mujaku said. five hundred there. Chosa went for a walk in the mountains." Mujaku asked Manjusri." The head monk said. "I am grateful for that answer. I went following the scented grass. "Worldly and Saints live together. "Three hundred here. "The monks of this age of the corrupted Dharma are venerating the precepts a little. "I was out walking about in the mountains." The head monk said. "How many monks are here?" Manjusri said.Mujaku said. three three behind. "Where have you been. "It sounds very much like a spring mood." Chosa said. . the head monk said. "It's better than the autumn dew dropping on the lotus flower. said." : The South of China.") Case 37: Banzan's "Not One Thing in the Three Worlds" Banzan." Mujaku said." (Setcho commented. "Where did you go?" Chosa said. there is not one thing. Hekiganroku . "How is the Buddhist Dharma maintained here?" Manjusri said. Master?" Chosa said. namely the region of Konan. and the World of non-materials. "Three three before. When he returned to the gate. then came back through the falling flowers.Case 36: Chosa Goes Picnicking One day. the World of materials. giving instruction. "First.
"What principle do you see in them?" The Magistrate said." Fuketsu said. the [impression of the] seal remains." Fuketsu said. When it goes away." Fuketsu descended from the rostrum." Rohi tried to say something. you are inviting disorder. alas. the [impression of the] seal is brought to naught. not to give me the seal.] I ask you. when it stays there. Fuketsu entered the hall [to preach] and said. But.Case 38: Fuketsu's "Heart Seal" When he was staying at the government office of the Province Ei. "Buddha's law and the King's law are of the same nature. . would it be right to give a seal [of approval] or not?" Then Elder Rohi came up and said. "I have the activities of the iron ox. now I find instead a frog wriggling about in the mud. "If you do not make a decision where a decision should be made. Fuketsu hit him with his whisk and said. "Why don't you say anything else. Elder?" Rohi was perplexed. Master. "I am accustomed to leveling the great ocean through fishing whales." Rohi stood there considering. Fuketsu shouted "Kaatz!" and said. [However. If it neither goes away nor stays. Fuketsu hit him again with his whisk.Hekiganroku . "Do you remember what you said? Say something. I'll check it for you. "The heart seal  [stamp] of the patriarch  resembles the activity of the iron ox . The Magistrate said.
Case 39: Unmon's "Garden Fence" A monk asked Unmon. 'Heaven and earth and I have one and the same root. Koji pointed to the falling snow in the air and said. called to Rikuko and said." . : An "iron ox" is a massive construction which lay at the bottom of the Yellow River. "you. "What is it if a man who has died a great Death comes back to life?" Tosu said." Hekiganroku . "Dharma-teacher Jo said. "What is the Pure Dharma-body ?" Unmon said. "People of our time  see these flowers as in a dream. "Flower fence" . Rikuko said." Case 41: Joshu's "Great Death" Joshu asked Tosu.' How wonderful this is!" Nansen pointed at the flowers in the garden.Case 42: Ho Koji's "Beautiful Snow" Ho Koji  was leaving Yakusan.they don't fall on any other place. The monk said. : In Japanese: Kayakuran. It actually was a flower fence around a restroom. "What if I understand the point that way?" Unmon said. "Beautiful snow-flakes! -. hoshin." : The body of the ultimate Truth (Jap. "I don't allow walking about in the night. Case 40: Nansen and the Flower Minister Rikuko talked with Nansen. all things and I are one single body. Come in the daylight.e. : Bodhidharma. "A golden-haired lion. It stood against the great stream and protected the area from flood. Hekiganroku . sk." : I.: The form of the heart-mind. The latter ordered ten of his Zen students to see Koji off at the temple gate. dharmakaya) or one of the three bodies of Buddha.
He is supposed to be the fearful judge at the entrance of the realm of the dead. don't be so rough. when it is hot. giving instruction. but you are just like a dumb man. "You see with your eyes but you are just like a blind man. . how should one avoid them?" Tozan said.it is called 'being next [to the fact]' (rin). "Practicing and learning -. the cold kills you. "At the first words. I immediately would have made a snowball and threw it against him. : Usually named Emma-Daio (the King of hell Emma). When you have passed through these two." Hekiganroku .Case 44: Kasan's "Beat the Drum" Kasan." He asked again. "When cold and heat come. said. You speak with your mouth. "Beat the drum. Case 43: Tozan's "Cold and Heat" A monk asked Tozan. "If you name yourself Zen student in such a condition. "Why not go to a place where there is neither cold nor heat?" The monk said." (Setcho added his comment. completing learning -. "When it is cold.it is called 'hearing' (mon). Koji?" Koji slapped him again and said. "Where then do they fall?" Koji gave him a slap. it is called 'true passing' (shinka). Zen said. "What then would you say. "What is the 'true passing'?" Kasan said. the heat kills you. "What kind of place is it where there is neither cold nor heat?" Tozan said.At that time there was a student named Zen.") : Koji is an honorific for a lay practitioner of Buddhism. "Koji. " A monk stepped forward and asked. who said. "What is the true Reality?" Kasan said." Koji said. Old En  will never release you!" Zen said.
"That is the sound of raindrops." He asked again. Hekiganroku . "When I was living in the Province of Sei. : Cf." The monk said. "What is that sound outside?" The monk said. "Beat the drum." He asked once more. Case 30 in the Mumonkan." ."Beat the drum. It weighed seven pounds.' [But] What does 'Neither Mind nor Buddha' mean?" Kasan said. Case 33 in the Mumonkan. "Ten thousand Dharmas" means. 'on the brink of losing myself in such delusions about myself'?" Kyosei said. I made a cloth robe. "What about you." The monk said. "all things that exist in the world of phenomena". how should we receive him?" Kasan said. "Beat the drum!" : Cf. "When someone who knows the ultimate Truth comes. 'Mind itself is Buddha. What does the one come down to?" Joshu said.Case 45: Joshu's "Cloth Robe" A monk asked Joshu. "What do you mean.Case 46: Kyosei and the Raindrops Kyosei asked a monk." : The word "Dharma" means here "phenomenon"." Kyosei said. "People live in a topsy-turvy world. "To break through [into the world of Essence] may be easy. therefore. They lose themselves in delusion about themselves and only pursue [outside] objects. "The ten thousand Dharmas  come down to one. Hekiganroku . "I do not ask about the sentence. But to express fully the bare substance is difficult. "I was on the brink of losing myself in such delusions about myself. Master?" Kyosei said.
"If they are deities holding up the hearth. and yet you are simply a [useless] stump in the field. The senior monk Ro took up the kettle to serve Myosho . voice. "The six  can't grasp it. Or it could be any other "six"-ness." Ro said.. touch. taste.Case 48: Tea at Shokei Temple Minister Ô  visited Shokei Temple. know). "Elder Ro. : I. the "deities who hold up the hearth". hoshin. consciousness). sk. odor.e.Case 47: Unmon's "Six" A monk asked Unmon. Master?" Myosho said. "What is the Dharma-body ?" Unmon said. where he offered tea. "What would you have said. nose. smell. He was the abbot of the neighboring temple and was apparently invited to the tea too. tongue. why did they overturn the kettle?" Ro said. taste.") : Minister Ô was a patron of Shokei Temple. "six objects" (color.Hekiganroku . ear. phenomenon). : The legs of the tea hearth were shaped like demi-gods." The minister said. "These non-human beings  wreaked havoc. Hekiganroku . you have eaten plenty of rice in Shokei Temple. "Deities holding up the hearth . and/or "six functions" (see." The minister flourished his sleeves and went out. Myosho said. : The "Six" means "six roots" (eye.all is lost in one morning. body. feel. "What is there under the tea hearth?" Ro said. hear. But Ro overturned the kettle [over the tea hearth]. . dharmakaya) or one of the three bodies of Buddha. "Thousand days of good service -. : Myosho was senior to Ro." (Setcho said. The minister saw this and asked the senior monk. "At that moment I would have kicked over the tea hearth." : (same note as Case 39) The body of the ultimate Truth (Jap.
Hekiganroku .. Later." : I. "Did you ever visit Seppo?" The monks said.Case 49: Sansho's "Net" Sansho asked Seppo." : The word "dust" comes from the expression "six dust particles". . water in the pail." Seppo said. the monks came to Ganto. "What is this?" Seppo hung his head and retired into his hermitage. two monks came to pay their respects. Hekiganroku . "A great Zen master with 1500 disciples doesn't know how to speak. what should it get for food?" Seppo said. Seppo thrust open the gate of his hermitage with his hands. note to Case 47)." Sansho said. "Rice in the bowl. "I" Hekiganroku . "Where have you come from?" The monks said. "What is this?" The monks also said. Ganto said. "What is the dust-dust samadhi  ?" Unmon said.Case 51: Seppo's "What Is This?" When Seppo was living in a hermitage. "When a fish with golden scales has passed through the net. "What else did he say?" The monks said. which means the same thing as the "six objects" (cf. "The old monk is just too busy with temple affairs. "From Reinan ." Ganto said. "I will tell you when you have passed through the net. "What did he say?" The monks related what had happened. "Yes. When he saw them coming.Case 50: Unmon and the "Dust-Dust Samadhi" A monk asked Unmon. He asked them. jumped out. we visited him." Ganto said.e. and said.
" The Great Master said." : (same note as case 9) The name of the Zen Master Joshu is taken from the city "Joshu". but he will not die on the same stem." The Great Master twisted Hyakujo's nose tip. "For a long time. The Great Master said. "Ah. it is just this. near which he taught." Ganto said.Case 53: Hyakujo and the Wild Ducks When Great Master Ba was walking with Hyakujo." : A region in the south." At the end of the summer practice period the monks came back to this conversation and asked him about its meaning."Not a word. "You simply see a log bridge. "Seppo was born on the same stem as I . "Why flew away?" . Hyakujo cried out in pain. "Wild ducks. I just see a log bridge. But now that I've come here. "It lets donkeys cross. it lets horses cross. If you want to know the last word. Case 13 in the Mumonkan. "Why didn't you ask me about it sooner?" The monk said. The Great Master said. "What is that?" Hyakujo said. Case 52: Joshu's Stone Bridge A monk asked Joshu. "We could not dare to ask you about it. he saw wild ducks flying by. : Seppo and Ganto were both students of Tokusan. he hung his head and retired into his hermitage. cf. where Seppo was living at that time. "What is the stone bridge?" Joshu said. Hekiganroku . how I regret now that in those days I did not tell him the last word! If I had told it to him." Ganto said. Ganto said. "They flew away. the stone bridge of Joshu  has echoed in my ears. no one under heaven could do anything against him. "Where did it go?" Hyakujo said. you don't see the stone bridge yet." The monk said." Joshu said.
"From Saizen. I don't say death. One day. "What are you doing?" Zengen said. Sekiso said." Unmon then stretched out his own arms. "Why don't you?" Sekiso said. "If you want to hit me. Then Unmon hit him." . Case 55: Dogo's Condolence Visit Dogo and Zengen came to a house to express condolences. I won't say." Thereupon Zengen hit him." With these words. Unmon slapped him." Dogo said. "I don't say life." Zengen said. "I am seeking the sacred bones of the late master." Zengen said." Unmon said. The monk remained silent. Sekiso said. "I won't say. "Is this life or death?" Dogo said. Zengen came suddenly to an insight. I won't say. "Where have you come from?" The monk said. "Master. "Why don't you?" Dogo said.Case 54: Unmon Stretches His Arms Unmon asked a monk. But I will never say. I don't say death. If you don't. Zengen took a hoe and walked in the Dharma-hall from east to west and west to east. please say it to me right away. "I won't say." On the way back Zengen said. "I don't say life. "What words does Saizen say lately?" The monk stretched out his arms. "I have something to say about it. Zengen tapped on the coffin and said.Hekiganroku . Zengen went to Sekiso and told him what had happened. I shall hit you. you can hit me. Some time later Dogo passed away. The monk said.
" The monk said. "I will allow this fellow to keep puzzling for thirty years. "Let's put aside the story of the arrow which breaks through three barriers. Kinzan hit him seven times with a stick and said. "Giant billows far and wide." : He stood in the Dharma line of Seppo. "What is it when one single arrow breaks through three barriers?" Kinzan said. "Till when do you want to wait?" Ryo said. "'The supreme Way is not difficult. "You stupid bumpkin." Kinzan said. it simply dislikes choosing'." and he went out. Just shoot an arrow for me. "That is still choosing. "The sacred bones of the late master are still there. . What is non-choosing?" Joshu said. where is the choosing?" The monk remained silent." Ryo turned his head.Case 56: Kinzan and the "Arrow" A Zen devotee named Ryo asked Kinzan. I will acknowledge my failure and correct it." Ryo hesitated. whitecaps swelling up to heaven." Taigen Fu  said. "Above the heavens and under the heavens I am the only one. so that I may see him.Sekiso said. "If so." Hekiganroku . "Heavens! heavens!") Zengen said. Kinzan grasped him and said. "I made a nice shot.Case 57: Joshu and the "Bumpkin" A monk asked Joshu." Joshu said. alone and exalted. What sort of sacred bones of your late master are you searching for?" (Setcho commented. sir. Kinzan said." Ryo said. "Wait. "That was very good for me in order to gain power. but no one could see the arrow. so that I may see it. Hekiganroku . "Drive out the master from behind the barriers.
Master. giving instruction.Case 60: Unmon's Staff Unmon showed his staff to the assembly and said." Joshu said. it simply dislikes choosing. Hekiganroku . "Once someone asked me like that. Case 2. "Why don't you quote the sentence to the end?" The monk said.Then how can you." Hekiganroku . "If one raises a speck of dust. "I just had this much in my mind. But even if a word is uttered. If one does not raise a speck of dust.'"  : Cf. Where do mountains. "It's only: 'The supreme way is not difficult. "'The supreme way is not difficult.e. it is already an action of 'choosing.' Isn't that the pitfall of the people of our time ?" Joshu said.Case 58: Joshu and the "Pitfall" A monk asked Joshu. rivers and the great earth come from?" Hekiganroku ." : (same note as Case 40) I.Case 61: Fuketsu's "House and Nation" Fuketsu.Case 59: Joshu's "Supreme Way" A monk asked Joshu.' -. they perish. "Is there anyone who lives and dies with this?") . the house and the nation prosper. it simply dislikes choosing. "you. try to lead other people?" Joshu said. "This staff has changed into a dragon and has swallowed up the heaven and the earth. "'The supreme Way is not difficult. I am sorry that even after five years I still can't give an answer to it. said." (Setcho held up his staff and said. it simply dislikes choosing.
"'Within heaven and earth. Joshu thereupon took his sandals. Hekiganroku ."  Cf. : Cf.'  You take up the lantern and go to the Buddha Hall.Hekiganroku .Case 63: Nansen Kills a Cat  Once the monks of the eastern and western Zen halls in Nansen's temple were quarrelling about a cat. As he saw this. you take the temple gate and put it on the lantern. there is one treasure hidden in a body. "He is like a fine horse that runs even at the shadow of a whip. said. "If you had been there. "I do not ask about words.Case 62: Unmon's "One Treasure" Unmon. "The great benevolence and great mercy of the World-Honored One have opened the clouds of my delusion and enabled me to enter the Way." : Cf." After the non-Buddhist took his leave. instructing the assembly. "What did the non-Buddhist realize so that he said you had enabled him to enter the Way?" Buddha said. I will not slay the cat. . case 32 in the Mumonkan. I could have spared the cat. Hekiganroku ." Buddha remained still. The non-Buddhist praised him and said.  Cf. put them upon his head and went away. "You monks! If one of you can say a word. Hekiganroku ." No one could answer. Ananda asked Buddha. Nansen held up the cat and said. Nansen cut the cat in two. Case 14 in the Mumonkan. case 14 in the Mumonkan. I do not ask about no-words.Case 64: Joshu and the Sandals  Nansen told Joshu what had happened . and asked him for his view. in the midst of the universe.Case 65: A Non-Buddhist Questions Buddha  A non-Buddhist asked Buddha. Nansen said." : A sentence from the Hozoron by Monk Jo (?-414). case 63.
according to a legend -. "Did Your Majesty understand it?" The emperor said. but was killed four years later. "The Master's head has already fallen. "Daishi has already finished his Sutra lecture. "After Koso  was gone. "Yes. Daishi thereupon mounted the rostrum. I got it.Case 66: Ganto and the "Sword" Ganto asked a monk.  The western capital of the Tang Dynasty. "No. and said.  A rebel who -. "Heaven gives Koso this sword." Shiko said." Ganto laughed loudly. Seppo gave him thirty blows with his stick and drove him away. struck the lectern once and descended.received a sword from heaven on which it was inscribed. Later. "Where have you come from?" The monk said." Ganto said." He conquered Saikyo in 880. The emperor Bu was astounded. Shiko  asked him. "Where have you come from?" The monk said. "Ka!" The monk said." Ganto stuck out his neck. the monk came to Seppo. Seppo asked.Hekiganroku . did you get his sword?" The monk said. Case 67: Fu Daishi Expounds the Sutra The emperor Bu of Ryo  invited Fu Daishi  and asked him to lecture on the Diamond Sutra. "From Saikyo . case 1 . approached the monk. "From Ganto." : (Same note as case 1) Emperor Bu reigned over the land of Ryo between 502-509. "What did he say?" The monk told him what had happened." Seppo asked. : "Daishi" means Bodhisattva : Cf.
should close your lips and throat. Master.Case 70: Isan's "Speak.  The complete name of Kyozan is "Kyozan Ejaku". "How does one speak with one's lips and throat closed?" Isan said. "If you can say something. Mayoku made an informal bow.that's me. I will shade my eyes with my hand  and look up to you respectfully. in Zazen posture. Master. Hekiganroku . On their way Nansen drew a circle on the ground and said." Hekiganroku .e. "What's your name?" Sansho said. "If it is so. "I'd rather have you speak.Case 69: Nansen Draws a Circle Nansen. Kisu and Mayoku set out together to pay their respects to the National Teacher Chu. "Ejaku." Sansho said.  The complete name of Sansho is Sansho Enen." Hyakujo said. " Kyozan said." Hyakujo said. I would lose my Dharma descendants. Hekiganroku . "I might as well speak to you. then let's not go any farther. "You too. "How does one speak with one's lips and throat closed?"  Goho said. "Ejaku -. but then. Goho and Ungan were all attending upon Hyakujo." ..Case 68: Kyozan and "Your Name" Kyozan asked Sansho." Kisu seated himself  in the circle. Master" Isan. Hyakujo asked Isan.Case 71: Goho's "Close!" Hyakujo said to Goho. "What is this all about?" : I. Nansen said. then let's go farther.Hekiganroku . " Kyozan laughed loudly." Kisu said. "My name is Enen. "Where there is no one.
"Chizo's head is white.Case 74: Kingyu's Rice Bucket At each meal." : Cf.: Cf case 70. 'Dear Bodhisattvas." Chizo said. "Now I will lose my Dharma descendants. "How does one speak with one's lips and throat closed?"  Ungan said. come and eat rice!" (Setcho said. case 6 in the Shoyoroku. Hekiganroku . saying. "An ancient worthy said. come and eat rice. "Can you. free from all theories and concepts. the meaning of Bodhidharma's coming from the West. : I. "I have a headache today. "Apart from the Four Phrases. I can't explain it to you. Kai said." The monk asked Chizo about it.' What does it mean?" . Master Kingyu himself would bring the rice bucket to the front of the Zen hall. do such a thing?" Hyakujo said. Go and ask Brother Kai." The monk told Great Master Ba about it.e.") A monk asked Chokei. Go and ask Chizo. Kai's head is black. dance there and laugh loudly. he was not being kind." Master Ba said. "Dear Bodhisattvas. "Why don't you ask our master?" The monk said." : cf cases 70 and 71 Hekiganroku . I can't explain it to you. "Although he behaved that way. "He told me to ask you. "I don't understand nothing about that question.Case 72: Ungan's "Can You?" Hyakujo said to Ungan. beyond one hundred Negations . Master. Great Master said. Master. Hekiganroku . "I am tired today. please tell me directly. : A gesture expressing admiration.Case 73: Ba and "One Hundred Negations"  A monk asked Great Master Ba." The monk asked Brother Kai about it.. Chizo said.
" Ukyu said. "If you need it. Ukyu said." and he hit him three more times. I will give it to you. "There is no difference." Hekiganroku . as the stick is in your hand?" Ukyu said. "If there isn't any difference. Ukyu said. "Is that right. is that all right for you?" The monk laughed loudly and went away. "Blind stick. Case 76: Tanka's "Eating Rice" Tanka asked a monk.Chokei said." The monk approached him. Ukyu said. snatched the stick from his hand and hit him three times." Tanka asked. "Your stick should have an eye." Then the monk promptly made a bow." Ukyu said. "From the foot of the mountain. "That is exactly like praising and giving thanks to the rice." . "Today I hit a right man." Ukyu said. etc." and hit him. but Master Joshu Sekizo (718-800). Ukyu asked. You should not hit a person so recklessly." The monk turned and said. "Have you eaten your rice?" The monk said.Case 75: Ukyu's Blind Stick A monk came from Master Joshu  to Ukyu. return to him again. "What shall I do. "There is a fellow who well deserves a blind stick.. "Master. "What is the difference between Joshu's Dharma-way and the Dharma-way here?" The monk said. The monk said. blind stick!" The monk said. Ukyu said. is that right!" : This is not the famous master Joshu Jushin in the Mumonkan. "Where have you come from?" The monk answered. "Yes I have eaten it. The monk went out immediately. "There is a fellow who well deserves it. "I have hit a real man quite wantonly.
"It is true. "Wonderful feeling! Perfectly clear! We have attained the dwelling place of the children of Buddha. How then is it possible not to have an [enlightened] eye?" Hofuku said." : In Japanese: kobyo. Chokei asked Hofuku. how do you understand this?  The bodhisattvas said. 'All voices are the voices of the Buddha. patriarchs and masters. Hekiganroku .' Is it true or not?" Tosu said.Case 77: Unmon's "Rice Cake" A monk asked Unmon." The monk said. for the guidance already received from buddhas. "The one who brought rice and gave it to you to eat did he have an [enlightened] eye?" The monk said nothing. "Server and receiver are both blind. my Zen friends. "Surely it is an act of thanksgiving  to bring rice and give it to the people to eat." Chokei said. "Even if one has done everything. they too entered the bath according to their custom. Now. At once they realized the cause of water.Case 78: The Boddhisattvas Take a Bath In the old days there were sixteen bodhisattvas. or not?" Hofuku said. "Do you call me blind?" : That is. does one still remain blind. "What is meant by the pronouncement 'to go beyond the Buddha and the patriarchs'?" Unmon said. : It is Setcho who speaks here." You can attain it -. "It is said. Hekiganroku . Case 79: Tosu and "the Buddha's Voices" A monk asked Tosu. When the monks took a bath.Tanka said.only by breaking through seven times and digging through eight times. . "Rice cake .
Hekiganroku ." . the monk ran away. Tosu hit him. Yakusan said. don't fart around so loudly. the note to case 47. "Attendants! Carry this dead fellow out of here." The monk said. Yakusan said. Hekiganroku . "The phenomenal body perishes. "This fellow will keep playing with mud balls for ever and ever!" (Setcho took up this story and said. a donkey?" Thereupon. "He is alive for three steps. What is the Dharma-body which remains solid?" Dairyu said. the water in the valley remains blue as indigo. "What does 'throwing a ball on the swift current' mean?" Tosu said.' Is this true or not?" Tosu said. He asked again. 'Rough words and gentle phrases return to the first principle." Thereupon. "The autumn foliage of the mountains spreads like brocade. "It is true. but he should die with the fifth step. "Throwing a ball on the swift current. Master. Tosu hit him. "On the grassy plain there gather great and small deer."Master. "Look! The arrow!" The monk threw himself on the floor.") Case 82: Dairyu and the "Dharma-Body" A monk asked Dairyu. "May I call you. How can one shoot the greatest deer of them all?" Yakusan said." : Cf. "Every consciousness flows without ceasing." Thereupon." The monk asked also Tosu.Case 80: Joshu and a "Newborn Infant" A monk asked Joshu. "It is said.Case 81: Yakusan's "Look! The Arrow!" A monk asked Yakusan. "Does a newborn infant have the Six Functions  or not?" Joshu said.
") Hekiganroku . "Clouds gather over the South Mountain.Case 83: The Old Buddha and a Pillar Unmon. "They are certainly right. Thereupon the monk pretended to be frightened. "What can you do to me?" The monk said nothing further. What does it mean that the Bodhisattva enters the Dharma-gate of Not-Two?" (Setcho said. The hermit laughed loudly.Case 84: Vimalakirti and "Not-Two" Vimalakirti asked Manjusri. That is what I understand with 'to enter the Dharma-gate of Not-Two'. "You old robber!" The hermit said. it is beyond all questions and answers. When you look at it. said. Now you should give your explanation. there are neither words nor explanations. what is your bright light?" He himself answered on behalf of the monks. neither presentations nor knowledge. "The kitchen and the entrance gate. said. rain falls on the North Mountain. Then Manjusri asked Vimalakirti. "What if you suddenly faced a tiger here?" The hermit roared like a tiger. The monk said. giving instruction.Case 86: Unmon's "Bright Light" Unmon. "Seen through!") Case 85: Toho and the "Tiger" A monk came to the hermit Toho and asked. "All of us have finished giving our explanations." . "I see it like this: in all phenomena. "Everyone has his own bright light. What number of activity is that?" On behalf of the assembly he said. you can't see it.. Now. "What did Vimalakirti say?" Again he said.Hekiganroku . instructing the assembly. (Setcho said. "The old buddha and a pillar intersect each other. "What does it mean that the Bodhisattva enters the Dharma-gate of Not-Two?" Manjusri said. it is complete darkness." .. but these two evil robbers only know how to steal a small bell while they stop their ears.." Hekiganroku .
The dumb person can't speak. "Have you understood?" The monk said. The monk retreated. "So you are not blind. "It is like a person in the middle of the night reaching with his hand behind his head groping for his pillow. "No. instructing the assembly.Again he said. "I understood. Unmon said." Unmon said. "Medicine and disease correspond to each other. even if you take up a gavel or raise a whisk. even if you ask him to speak up. "So you are not deaf. "So you are not dumb. Unmon said." Then he said. "All old masters said." The monk came closer to him." Ungan said." Dogo said.' Suppose you face three people with different diseases. said. Unmon poked his staff at him. How would you attend to them? If you cannot attend to these people. how would you attend to them? The blind person can't see.Case 87: Unmon's "Medicine and Disease" Unmon.Case 88: Gensha's "Three Diseases" Gensha. "What does the Bodhisattva of the Great Mercy use so many hands and eyes for?" Dogo answered. "Make a deep bow. 'Attend to the living beings and save them." Further he said. "How did you understand it?" Ungan said. ." The monk made a deep bow and stood up." Dogo said. "You said it very well. Hekiganroku . "Come here.Case 89: Ungan's "Hands and Eyes" Ungan asked Dogo. the monk came to an insight. even if you speak beautiful phrases. said. "It would be better not to have even the best things." With that. But you expressed only eight-tenths of it. The whole earth is medicine. instructing the assembly." A monk asked Unmon about this. The deaf person can't hear. Buddhist Dharma has no true efficacy." Hekiganroku . Unmon said." Ungan said. What is your true self?" Hekiganroku . "The whole body is hands and eyes.
"  (Setcho said. "The clam swallows the bright moon. you are so advanced in years."  The monk asked." (Setcho said. "If the fan is already broken.Case 90: Chimon and the "Prajna Wisdom" A monk asked Chimon." Hekiganroku ."How would you say it. but the horn on its head would not be complete. Elder Brother?" Dogo said. bring me the rhinoceros himself.  Tosu said. "A female rabbit becomes pregnant. "If I brought it back to you. Hekiganroku . . Please engage someone else." The attendant gave no answer. "Bring me the rhinoceros fan.") Shifuku drew a circle and wrote the ideograph "ox" in it. "I need to see that incomplete horn. : The Chinese character for "ox" (gyu) is one of the two characters for "rhinoceros" (saigyu = sai + gyu). "It is broken. "I wouldn't mind bringing that. nothing would remain [for me]. Enkan called to his attendant. "Master. "That rhinoceros is still there. a female rabbit becomes pregnant when it swallows the light of the full moon."  : A Chinese metaphor expressing how a pearl is formed. : According to a Chinese legend." The attendant said. "What is the use of Prajna Wisdom?" Chimon said." Enkan said. "Why didn't you bring it out sooner?) Hofuku said.") Sekiso said." (Setcho said. (Setcho said. "What is the substance of Prajna Wisdom?" Chimon said. "Regrettable! All efforts have proved fruitless!") : To this episode the following Zen personalities give their answers on behalf of the attendant. "The entire body is hands and eyes.Case 91: Enkan and the "Rhinoceros" One day.
"What have you seen that makes you bow like that?" The monk danced. Taiko said. the term "fox Zen". The monk made a deep bow. "When I don't see. "Now I know that your language belongs to the second level.Case 93: Taiko Dances A monk asked Taiko. "Chokei said. 'That is exactly like thanksgiving at lunch. then it is quite natural that it is not a thing. . "You stupid fox! " : cf case 74. "Contemplate clearly the Dharma of the Dharma-King! The Dharma of the Dharma-King is like this. Taiko said.] Hekiganroku . If you do not see what I do not see.: [Since the task you give me is too harsh." Chokei said. why do you not see what I do not see? If you [argue that you] see what I do not see. I only say he does not have two kinds of language." Thereupon. which means mere imitation (cf. "What are the words of the Tathagata?" Chokei said. Why is it not your self?" Hekiganroku . Monjusri struck the table with the gavel and said.Case 92: The Buddha Ascends to the Rostrum One day. the World-Honored One descended from the rostrum.'  What did he mean?" Taiko danced. : Cf. Hekiganroku . the World-Honored One ascended to the rostrum. Case 2 in the Mumonkan) Case 94: "Non-Seeing" in the Ryogon Sutra The Ryogon Sutra says." Hofuku said. "How can a deaf man hear?" Hofuku said. I do not say the Tathagata has no words. "Even if you argue that an arhat  still possesses 'the three poisons'. don't argue that the Tathagata has two sorts of language.Case 95: Chokei's "Three Poisons" One day Chokei said. that is of course not what I do not see.
"Jyui! " Tempyo raised his head." However. Sai'in said. . "Wrong!" Tempyo came closer." "The Buddha made of metal will not pass through a furnace. "I have just said. Sai'in saw him at a distance and summoned him. I'll examine the two 'Wrong!'s with you.Case 96: Joshu's Three Turning Words  Joshu showed the assembly three turning words: "The Buddha made of clay will not pass through water. "Have some tea. Case 97: "Getting Despised" in the Diamond Sutra The Diamond Sutra says." : Cf. folly.") One day. Sai'in said again. Sai'in said. Does it mean that it is I who am wrong. If you are to come into hell because of your sins in your previous life.Case 98: Tempyo's Two "Wrong"s Master Tempyo was on an angya  and visited Sai'in. Hekiganroku . Sai'in said."What are the words of the Tathagata?" Hofuku said. "It is I. "Wrong!" Tempyo went on a couple more steps. "Please stay here for the summer . these sins will be extinguished because you are despised by the people of this world. or it is you?" Tempyo said." "The Buddha made of wood will not pass through fire. Tempyo immediately left him. "Wrong!" Tempyo said nothing. 'Wrong!' twice. I have sought after someone who could give correct explanations. (He was always saying. case 19 in the Miscellaneous Koans. "It is about getting despised by other people." : An arhat is a sacred person who has reached the spiritual dimension without any traces of "the three poisons": covetousness. but in vain." Sai'in said. anger." Hekiganroku . "Don't say you have understood Buddhism.
I realized quickly that I had done something entirely 'wrong'. he demanded that I stay with him for the summer to examine this matter with him. : I. 'Wrong!'. Moreover. I didn't believe I had done anything wrong then.Later he was the abbot of his own temple and said to his assembly. "Sir! Go beyond the head of Vairokana . who cried to me. "What is the sharpest sword?" Haryo said." The National Teacher said.. But when I was on my way down south. : I. "Never consider yourself to be even the pure Dharma-body. "The moon sits on each branch of the coral.Case 99: Shukuso and the "Buddha with the Ten Bodies" Emperor Shukuso asked the National Teacher Echu." : A traditional pilgrimage in order to deepen the practice.e.." : The Buddha of the pure Dharma-body. "What is the Buddha with the ten bodies who guides the living beings?" The National Teacher said. ." : Cf. Hekiganroku . I was driven by the wind of fate and came to Elder Shimyo .e. Case 100: Haryo and the "Sharpest Sword"  A monk asked Haryo. "As I was once on an angya. a summer sesshin for three months. Sai'in." The emperor said. : Tempyo's personal name. case 22 (c) in the Miscellaneous Koans. "I don't understand it.