The Rastaman Vibration
Published by:
Far-Eye Productions: Rasta@speakjamaican.com

All Rights Reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and/or retrieval system without the express permission from the author, except for the inclusion of few and brief quotations in a review. © 2009 Far-Eye Productions, Second Edition by Ras Zuke Designed by Ras Zuke First Printing: 2002. Naples, Florida. USA. (Acid-free paper)

ISBN: 0-9720635-0-1 Library of Congress Control Number: 2002093954
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Ras Zuke The Rastaman Vibration: With Bob Marley and Jamaican Patois. Includes Bibliographic Reference and Glossary 1. Cultural Studies (Jamaica / Rastafari). 2. Linguistics (Jamaican Creole / Patois). 3. Reference. 4. Music—Reggae. 5. West Indies: Caribbean—Jamaica. I. Title

IN COOPERATION WITH: www.Reggae-Rasta.com www.SpeakJamaican.com www.RockersTheMovie.com

The Rastaman Vibration With Bob Marley And Jamaican Patois

Re-introducing— the all time best ever Reggae-Rasta Movie—

ROCKERS!
With Speak Jamaican Patois—the Complete Course! Featuring the “Dancehall Explosion” with Popular Reggae/Ragga Artists and Lyrics!

Jamaican Reggae-Rasta Culture and More!

By Ras Zuke

Special Thanks
Thanks are first given to Patrick Hulsey, producer of ROCKERS—for his endorsement of the inclusion of the movie in this book. The Author gratefully acknowledges the following:

ReggaeSound.com for music lyrics. RedRat.com for pictures and biography. The many famous reggae artists that are in this book. The many wonderful business owners in the Reggae, Rasta, and Jamaican business community. To the Jamaican-Reggae-Rasta Internet World and to the many webmasters responsible for public information and pictures. To the many photographers whose photos are appreciated. Dr. Suzar Epps—for her great and informative writings, which excerpts are contained in this book. To all the DJs and Selectas for their insights.

The Speak Jamaican section is divided into many basic lessons and constitutes a complete language-learning experience. This book will give you a good taste for Jamaica and its people. This section incorporates many colorfully detailed elements of the Jamaican conversational language. This book begins by tracing man’s history as recorded in the Bible. is dedicated solely to understanding and speaking Jamaican Patois (Patwah). In its fullness. you shall feel the vibrations associated with Jamaica. but you will also understand basic Jamaican-Rasta culture. Laced throughout various pages of this book. you will become more familiar with Jamaicans in general. Ganja. You shall also be enlightened on Jamaica’s most unique group of people—the Rastas. In soon time. the reader will enter into the ROCKERS movie script. You will also see that Rasta is simply a way of life. You shall also know about the following: Dreadlocks. ideology. and music. and the I-tal diet. After a new seed of “History” is understood and planted in your mind. An entire chapter is devoted to Bob Marley. you will not only become familiar with the Rasta language. You will be taken through the essence of Rasta belief. Included in this book are common slang terms and popular Jamaican music lyrics from the current dancehall-reggae music era. which is non-Rasta related. The latter part of the book. this book will prove to be a great journey into Jamaica. and reasoning. you will be able to understand and speak Jamaican Patois. the lineage of Judah. . you will become familiar with the origins and development of Rasta movement. Following the ROCKERS movie will allow you to experience a real Rastaman vibration. culture.Preface By reading this book. Aside from learning about the Rastas who are the principal icons of Jamaican culture. You will understand Jamaica’s history. By following the chronological script and movie dialog. which follows the Rasta section. the words of RastaProphet Bob Marley are in attendance for all to read and comprehend. After the Bob Marley section.

.…………………………………...82 Rockers the Movie….…...….………………………………..……………………………....…238 ……..……………………..…..…….219 Mavado…………………..…………………….…………………24 Ganja—the Holy Herb {Weed of Wisdom}.……..……….…………… .……..…………………………………………………………………………………………….......………. 217 Sizzla {Bobo Dread Artist}…………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………….…........47 Moral Code……………………...…………………..52 Rasta Essence……………………………………………….123 Five………..………..………………...…………….196 The Dancehall Explosion {Ragga Music Vibration}………..……………….……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………....……10 Marcus Garvey……….………......…..…………………214 Bounty Killa…………………………………………………………………………………....…..….………. Vegas…………………………………………………………………………………….......……………..…..……………………..…………..8 Part One……………………………...……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………........…….…..21 Rasta Beginnings: Leonard P.…………………..…….…….57 Two….……..……………………………………..………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………….. .……….……..………………….221 Jah Cure………………………………………………..……………...…………………………....……………………………….225 ……....200 Beenie Man………………………………………………...54 Through downpression comes Reggae—the music of truth.…………………..........….44 Rasta and the Concept of Death……….…………………………………………………………………………………………7 …………………………………………………………………………………… One…………………………….. 211 Sean Paul……………………………………………………………………………..…………………………. 212 Mr.……….53 Prelude to Rasta Speech……..……………………...……..196 Part Five……….......84 Interview with Patrick Hulsey—Producer of Rockers……...………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………... Sound.…………………………………………………………………………………………7 Introduction………………………….……………………………………………………………………………………………...42 His Imperial Majesty’s 1966 Visit to Jamaica.………………….………....….......………….23 Dreadlocks………………………………………....61 Part Two….…...…120 Speak Jamaican………………………………………….…….……………………………………………………..61 The Bob Marley Vibration…….…..………… Bibliography………………………………………………………… ..........……...……………..……. the Rasta Foundation.………………..……………………………..216 Capleton {Rasta / Bobo Dread Dancehall Artist}………………………………….…..…238 Countryman {The Rare Reggae-Rasta Cult Classic Movie}…….…………...…………………………115 Four…………………..…………. and the Rasta Vibration………….241 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...…….……………………37 The Importance of Judah…….…...……224 ReggaeGlossary……... …………………………………………………………………………………...82 …………………………………………………………………………………… Part Three…………. …………………………………………………………………….……….………………………………...…………………….225 Jamaican Patois {Patwah} Reggae-Rasta Glossary……...………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….196 Red Rat………………………………………………...…………. 213 Mad Cobra……………………………………………….…120 Part Four………………….………………………………………………………………..………………...……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….……………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...241 . ……………………………………………………………………………….46 The I-tal Diet—the diet of the living…………... 215 Luciano {Rasta Dancehall Artist and “Messenger”}……………………………..8 The Rasta Creation..…......…………………….…………………….………….218 Vybz Kartel……….….……………..……………………………………………………………………………….…………………….... and Power…….63 Three………….………. Howell…………...Table of Contents Introduction………………………….………………………………………………………………......…..203 Yellowman…………………………………………………………………………………… 207 Shabba Ranks………………………………………………………………………………… 208 Spragga Benz………………………………………………………………………………… 210 Tanya Stevenson…………………………………………………………………….….…………...…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………… ...………………………………………...……………………………………………………....31 The Nyabinghi—Word.……………………..

then we. Only then. One must seek it. because it was created by God in the beginning and holy. This is prophecy! The study of the world’s current events unquestionably points to the East. who are seekers of truth. The time to understand ourselves. can we begin to unravel the truths of creation that are now considered mysteries. also. Africa—Egypt— the Middle East—are all one. shall be the possessors of great knowledge. The happenings in these Eastern regions. Both the Fertile Crescent and the Garden of Eden are in one general area. The hand of God surely points to the East. as it is taught in English speaking systems and which is found in our educational books. is now. 7 . The time to understand our human history is now.Introduction to “His Story” Introduction to History The realization of many truthful things becomes evident with deep mental penetration and constant introspection. is mostly biased literature. which are also in this general locale. it is “His story”—the western world’s story. The time for realization is now. which are now occurring. because it will be the stage of destruction in Last Days). will affect all of earth’s people. Thus. True knowledge is said to occur through selfrealization. History. Even in India and Pakistan. the tensions are strong enough to destroy millions through nuclear warfare. True knowledge is never freely given at hand. This area is known as the Cradle of Civilization (because it is where all life started) and the Holy Land (holy. The East is the location of creation and is the world’s current “Hot spot”. If the truth of our present-day situation is understood and comprehended. No one can deny that these are the Last Days spoken of in many holy writings.

The Rasta Creation Part One: The RASTA CREATION. The RASTA FOUNDATION. & The RASTA VIBRATION 8 .

The Rasta Creation 9 .

” Gen. blessed be the Lord God of Shem. and their faces were backward. were Shem. and Japheth.. that the Black race resulted from a curse from God. Genesis 5: 32— “And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem. and covered the nakedness of their father. and he was uncovered within his tent. and Canaan shall be his servant. an was drunken.” Gen. And he said. and told his two brethren without And Shem and Japheth took a garment. However. Gen 9: 21-25— “And he drank of the wine. And Noah awoke from his wine. and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan. and Canaan shall be his servant. Noah gave to his son Ham’s child Canaan. and knew what his younger son had done unto him. a servant of servants shall be unto his brethren. according to the Bible interpretation.The Rasta Creation GENESIS: Beginning of Man beginning with Ham. 9: 18. by certain Christian possessors. This curse. and went backward. there is never a mention of skin color. Cursed be Canaan. God shall enlarge Japheth. and saw not their father’s nakedness. and laid it upon both their shoulders. 10:6— And the sons of Ham. that went forth of the ark. and Canaan. 10 . Cush. the father of Canaan saw the nakedness of his father. And Ham. and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem. These are the sons of Noah. and Mizraim.. And he said. Ham. and of them was the whole earth overspread. It is claimed.19— “And the sons of Noah. and Phut. and Ham.

which suggests believing that a major sexual transgression took place on the part of either Ham or Canaan. and slew him…And Cain said unto the Lord. was first committed by Cain. The descendants of Japheth. Interestingly. as Bible readers remember. The sons of Japheth are the Gentiles—the Whites. settled beyond Mesopotamia. including what now are Saudi Arabia. They were the makers of the Sphinx and the Great Pyramid at Giza. Ham's descendants became the various dark-skinned peoples who settled the African continent and parts of the Arabian Peninsula. 10:1-5. Murder. My punishment is greater than I can bear. To be sure.” Cain was then “Cursed from the earth…and the Lord set a mark upon Cain…” Some suggest that this “Mark” is the skin of the Black man. Palestine. Canaan’s descendants settled in Palestine. and Jacob. to this day.The Rasta Creation Shem's descendants (son of Noah) became the Semitic peoples who settled parts of the Arabian Peninsula. of a generally medium-brown complexion. 11 . [The Cushites were the world’s first brick and stonemasons. (Gen. which name means “Black” in Hebrew. they moved into various places and into the Caucasus Mountains of Western Russia. and Aramaic—Jesus' native language.) The word and name Ham (son of Noah) means “Heat” or “Hot” and may suggest environmental conditions and certainly the skin color of the posterity of Ham. the word Semite means half.” Their work can be seen over Eastern Africa. Mason means “Child of the Sun. Their languages include Arabic. They are the ancestors of the Caucasian people. who “Rose up against Abel his brother. the youngest son of Noah. Yemen. Mizraim. and Lebanon. They are still. They went over the European costs of the Mediterranean and settled along nearby places. Jordan. Phut’s descendants settled in Libya. Because Cain’s punishment was greater he could bear. whose descendants settled in Ethiopia. they further settled into Europe and Russia. From there. With this knowledge. whose descendants settled in Egypt and were described by ancient texts as Black. It would be through the lineage Shem that the Lord would establish his chosen people through Abraham. they are a mixture of Black.] Some scholars suggest a euphemism. Sexual transgression is placed next to murder in a purely religious context. Isaac. his posterity would then have to bear punishment for him. It is further reasoned that this mark serves as an identification of Cain’s children. His sons were Cush. They went into Turkey and from there. Hebrew. we can conclude both Egypt and Ethiopia were surely inhabited by a Black or dark-skinned people.

is a Greek translation of the Hebrew word for “Black people. which also means Black! The Nose of the Sphinx Reporting on the puzzle of the racial identity of the ancient Egyptians and first inhabitants of the area. And he that sat was to look upon like jasper and a sardine stone. Count C. white people base judgments and discriminate people of color with a notion that they are inferior.] Brass is generally dark..” An early eyewitness of the Egyptians was Herodotus. then this awareness should guide humanity in looking to Africa for uncovering the true history of mankind.” In Greek. “Ethiop” means “Burnt” or “Black. “Princes shall come out of Egypt.” as we now have it. who according to his own words said. [Daniel 7:9 …and the hair of his head like pure wool.] A head of white wool resembles a head an old Black man. The Word “Ethiopia. a distinguished French scholar who visited Egypt in the late 1700s. “They are black skinned and have wooly hair. and their country Kamit (or Khemit).When I visited the Sphinx. wrote with astonishment ". Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God. The ancient Egyptians called themselves Kam or Kam-Au (Black people /BlackGod people).] These mentioned stones are chiefly dark. both meaning land of the Blacks and the Black Land. Could it be that these people were Black? There is very strong evidence to suggest that they were Black.) Psalms 68:31 reads. we know that even in these days. The word Egypt is derived from the Greek word Aigyptos (or Aiguptos).. with importance. and one sat on the throne. as if they burned in a furnace.The Rasta Creation So. [Rev 1:15…His feet like unto fine brass. They are known to be the same. or the leopard his spots?” (Jeremiah 13:23. you cannot associate Black people with the curse of Cain. unless you are Mormon. Meanwhile. Volney. On another occasion he stated. “Can the Ethiopian change his skin.” It is even suggested by many. “The natives of the country were black with the heat”.” (Barrett. 4: 2-3…a throne was set in heaven. which are the only group of Christians that believe that Ham’s wife was a descendent of Cain. They assert that black skin and wooly hair are worthy to be enslaved. does this mean that Black people are now the descendants of Cain? The answer is no! The reason for this is that they were all destroyed in the flood. its 12 . “Cush” was changed to “Ethiop. that the Egyptian civilization was the very first civilization. It would become even darker if burned in a furnace. 72) Since Ethiopia and Egypt are in the Land of Africa. Hence. However.” and when the Old Testament was translated form Hebrew to Greek. the Bible makes divine and positive reference to wooly hair and brazen skin. Ancient Ethiopia and Egypt To discuss Ancient Ethiopia without discussing ancient Egypt is impossible. [Rev.

the White race) may claim to be superior.The Rasta Creation appearance gave me the key to the riddle. We can ask ourselves (for those of us living in America). With despiteful cannon fire.. known as the Egyptians. they are of a particular bias. the U. the Sphinx was a portrait of the Black Pharaoh Khafre (Cephren). government will not supply books of history that make the White race (the sons of Japheth) seem evil and deceitful. At any rate. Why is it that history (“His story”) writers and people of governments have taken great lengths to conceal the fact that the Blacks were perhaps the very first great civilization? Because.e. walk before me. The Everlasting Covenant of Abraham Gen 17: 1. We must remember that Egypt and Ethiopia are both in Africa. they blasted the nose of the Sphinx to purposely hide the blatant and undeniable evidence of Black achievement.The Egyptians were true Negroes of the same type as all native-born Africans. and be 13 .. we can definitely say that a highly developed civilization existed as a Black race.S. we may know whose works have been for good and whose woks have been for evil.. it is only by hiding this truth that one particular race (i. 7-8 (See also Gen 12: 1-2)— The Lord appeared to Abram (Abram was from Shem).” The Sphinx's broad nose and full lips are evident in an early drawing of the then intact Sphinx that drew first attention in the 19th century. Only through research and mental reflection.” He later added ". When the Whites came to the ancient land. Carved from a single rock. After all. the nose and part of the lips are gone from the great Sphinx forever! The Sphinx is only one of many works of art that show us that Africans have been involved heavily in the development of the Earth since the beginning of man—the beginning of Ham. and said unto him. Beholding that its head maintains typically Negro in all its features. I am the Almighty God. “Whose story do we actually have? And who wrote the “His story” books that our government has supplied our youth?” Surely..

28:1.The Rasta Creation thou perfect…And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for and everlasting covenant. The great covenant of Abraham was passed to his chosen son Isaac. throughout the scriptures—becoming a truly mixed people. who was commanded not to marry a Canaanite. Abraham was commanded to leave to the land of Ur of the Chaldees and journey to Canaan (now Palestine). Rachel finally bears Joseph and Benjamin. which we shall discuss next. Jacob would be the chosen son and heir to the Covenant. His 12 sons where born of different women and handmaids. and to thy seed after thee. to be a God unto thee. was entered into a covenant with God.” Thus. and Judah. for an everlasting possession. Isaac. Simeon. from the Nile to the Euphrates includes the vast land of what now is the Middle East. 15:19-21 lists the Hamitic tribes people and nations that inhabited the region promised to Abraham. Joseph marries a black woman begetting Ephraim and Manasseh Here begins the story of Joseph. Jacob.” Joseph lived well among the Egyptians and even interpreted the dream of Pharaoh. a handmaid. the river Euphrates. Gen. Gen 37: 3. the Canaanites. Jacob. Abraham found the land of Canaan inhabited by Hamitic people. also a handmaid. which was from. Upon his arrival. all the land of Canaan. carrier of the blessings that descended from Shem. Now the important part is coming—Israel loved Joseph more than all of his children. whose name later was changed to Israel (Gen. 35: 9-12). “Dwelt” with the children of Ham. 24:3. Levi. Leah later bears two more sons. is also forbidden to marry a Canaanite. 11:28. It was in this land that Abraham was born. 15:18 clearly reaffirms the boundaries of the land to be inherited by Abraham. and she bears Gad and Asher. Jacob then marries Zilpah. “The river of Egypt unto the great river. Gen. who at this time was the Prophet. The Chaldeans were an African people of Hamitic descendent. the land promised to him by God. 32:28 and Gen. like his father Isaac. Jacob’s first wives were Leah and then Rachel. the children of Shem. and she bears Dan and Naphtli. The 12 Tribes of Israel A thing to know is that Abraham is not from Ham but from Shem. Jacob marries Bilhah. Issachar and Zebulon. who was sold into Egypt by his brothers. had two sons Jacob and Esau. had 12 sons. “The Lord was with Joseph. 13-15. His 12 sons are the famous 12 Tribes of Israel. Gen. the land wherein thou are a stranger. And I will give unto thee. who are Abraham’s posterity. However. Abraham. and I will be their God. Leah bears: Reuben. and to thy seed after thee. Joseph is now a key figure. Gen. Pharaoh gave Joseph to marry Asenath. Rachel remains barren. Gen. This woman 14 .

48:5. finally after 430 years they would be lead out of Egypt. 42:8). he adopted Ephraim and Manasseh. “the children Exodus 7-8 of Israel were fruitful. Thus. This new king realized the political power that the Israelites had gained. the Israelites intermarried with the native Black Egyptians in Egypt. 12: 38. between the Israelites and the Egyptians. as his own children—meaning that they could take full advantage of the Everlasting Covenant. came into Egypt to buy food due to the famine in Canaan. Remember. skin color. 50-52. The books from Exodus to the end of Deuteronomy 15 .” Ex.. Ex. They did not recognize him because Joseph had grown up among other Blacks. This would account for the nation’s tremendous growth during their 400 plus years in Egypt. and multiplied. who are the sons of Jacob (Israel). the Egyptians were a Black or at least a dark-skinned people—just like Joseph. 40. The brothers considered Joseph to be another Black Egyptian. Gen. This is where the story of Moses comes into place. Gen.. So. e. and the land was filled with them. Hamitic. Surely. Before Jacob (Israel) died. he would have stood out to the highest degree to his brothers—especially being a ruler in Egypt among other Blacks. Now there arose up a new king over Egypt. Pharaoh’s daughter. who realized that the baby was a Hebrew. Later. and Black. This is where Moses was found floating in a basket. We know this to be true because the ten brothers returned and reported to their father: "The man. 41: 45. the time for Moses to lead the children of Israel would soon come. Exodus: The mixed race (Shem and Ham) of Israel is lead out of Egypt.The Rasta Creation was the daughter of Potipherah priest of On—Egyptian. spake roughly to us. about 400 years of history passed since the death of Joseph. (Gen. they did not recognize him from the other Egyptians who were Black. found him and adopted him. Ex. His sons were Manasseh and Ephraim.g. the children of the Black lineage of Ham became one with Joseph. the “land was filled with them. if Joseph had been white. And within a few chapters. 42 The brothers of Joseph.” At this time. (Gen." Furthermore. it would have been very difficult to conceal him from her father's anger and raise the boy to a grown man. So. Gen. Without having to recount detailed Bible events. The king orders the killing of male Hebrew babies by casting them into the Nile River. 13-14. If Moses had been a white baby. an waxed exceeding mighty. Because when his brothers came into Egypt. There could not have been that much physical difference. his Black grandchildren. After the death of both Jacob and Joseph. he put them into bondage to serve with rigor. Joseph makes himself known to his brothers.” These where the children of Israel who were mixed with the Black seed of Ham—and they were a “mixed multitude. which knew not Joseph. an increased abundantly. who is the lord of the land. Therefore. 46) the Lord sends all of Israel into Egypt to live.

to uncover basic truths in the available Bible—as this section has done. but the Kebra Nagast has a fuller history pertaining to Solomon’s Ethiopian wife. and their son Menelik. FRANCE. [I am offering subtle implications toward this “Most high and mighty Prince James. The heading on the preface page of the King James Bible reads: TO THE MOST HIGH AND MIGHTY PRINCE JAMES BY THE GRACE OF GOD KING OF GREAT BRITAIN. Missionaries have been sent not to bless the lives of people of every nation (as the mask appears). one would never know how much of a part the Black people of the earth played during earth’s TRUE HISTORY. &c. Both are historically similar. and the lineage of Judah. which is an African/Ethiopian reference maintained by African natives of Old Testament times. Even the common King James Bible is a translation that was intended not for Blacks or the other natives of the earth. but specifically for the “People of England” as it reads on the Bible’s preface page. have presented history only in reference to their eyes—eyes of colonizers and enslavers. but to Christianize and colonize. Nevertheless. saying that the Bible is entirely falsely translated. Other sources of Biblical information can be found in the Kebra Nagast. By England having “The word of God. The uneducated would also never recognize that the Blacks are indeed the Children of Israel. white church scholars distorted the Amharic Bible in the translation and editing process to make God and His prophets seem Caucasian instead of Black.] The proposal that the Bible has errors and corruptions are not new. we can at least see that the Blacks—the children of Ham—played a key part of the rich heritage and history of the Old Testament. however.The Rasta Creation contain the history of Moses. I would urge honest seekers to conduct their own research and seek other documents of history. Some maintain that under the early popes.” I am not. kingship. many remain blind. the Kebra Nagast is the Bible for the black man. AND IRELAND. DEFENDER OF THE FAITH. Queen Sheba. which have not been produced under the rule of the white man. 16 . A further note you probably do not know—Moses was married to an Egyptian! (Numbers 12:1) The King James Bible Without really searching. We are still able. As the King James Bible is the Bible for the white man.” they would use this mask for centuries to oppress and enslave millions of people for political power. With basic insight and reference. I need not explain that the Europeans. “We therefore reject Michelangelo’s painting representing Jesus and Mary with Blonde hair and blue eyes. however. Because of the way history is taught. This misrepresentation of the racial characteristics of Jesus and Mary by European artists (which also defies geography) is significant…” (Napti). who maintained power. including the Roman and British Empires.

Emperor Haile Selassie. the Lord of Lords. And so when Him come. you know. CONQUERING LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH. Judah was one of the 12 tribes of Israel (from Shem). So. Now. he will be the King of Kings. we are called Rasta—called by his name. my life have great meaning to me. And I search and I look. Christ is known as the “KINGS. So. Now. through the lineage of King Solomon and King David written in the Bible. Because we know in this world that when the white man edit. then you really know that this is the Christ return. Judah had a Canaanite (Hamitic and Black) wife. I look in Ethiopia. Lord of Lords.” —1980. I don’t think he would edit it for the benefit of Black people. Now. Tamar. ELECT OF GOD. Christ promised that he will return within 2000 years. LORDS OF LORDS. this is as far as we need to go. straight through the lineage of King Solomon and King David. Judah and Tamar had a son. I look in Germany because I am not prejudiced. 1 Chronicles 2: 3. Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah. name King of Kings. the Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah—through the lineage of King Solomon and King David. and Haile Selassie name is Rasta. It would be through Pharez that King David would come. when the revelation turn out that Haile Selassie is the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords.The Rasta Creation Bob Marley speaks on the Bible and King James: “See. But in the Last Days. Ruth 4: 12-22. This signals great importance because it shows that there was a Black presence in the lineage of Jesus. I look all about. One of my things is that…they say that King James edit the Bible.” 17 . He would more edit it and make it look like England would be the big thing. The Tribe of Judah—The line of Christ through King David—in Ethiopia. it prove that it’s Ethiopia. Haile Selassie. he wouldn’t edit it in our behalf. Pharez. So. I look in Ethiopia and I see one man stand up with these names. For it is established that the line of Christ was through David from the tribe of Judah. I really search to find out if God is here. AND EARTHS RIGHTFUL RULER. I look for God.

injustice. and parts of Persia. in Addis Ababa. Solomon wanted to ensure that the religion of Abraham would continue in Ethiopia. Menelik swore to his mother that. The Jamaicans who believed that Haile Selassie was God became known as Rastas. (1 Kings 10). To Rastas. This “Opening” was the teaching specifically against the racism. Selassie was the returned Messiah.) She had promised him that if she bore a son. This eunuch was clearly a respected rabbi of Orthodox Judaism. the Black Christ. he converted the country to Christianity. Thus began the Ethiopian Orthodox Church—a pure form of Christianity that keeps its connection with its Judaic and Egyptian pasts. As a result. the Sun god. she would send the boy to Jerusalem for instruction by his father. King Solomon saw to it that the sons of his priests accompanied him. son of King David. who was the son of King David. Select Jamaicans believed that Emperor Selassie held for himself the sacred titles spoken of in the Bible. This church had considerable influence on the 225th king. Menelik journeyed as a young man to meet Solomon. When Menelik was leaving Jerusalem. In the time of King Solomon. he would return to Ethiopia. Gen. her son. converted an Ethiopian eunuch to Christianity. this religion existed there in an undiluted form— as it does today. Accordingly. Queen Makeba (also known as Queen Sheba) changed the religion of her empire to Judaism—she was black! On her return. as heir and successor to the kingdom. When she returned to her land. which comes from the name Jehovah. labeled Haile Selassie the Lord—Jah. Haile Selassie came to fulfill prophesy to "Sit on the Throne of King David" through the lineage of King Solomon and the union of the Queen of Sheba. which consisted of Ethiopia. and human oppression that plague our current world. 18 . The kings of Ethiopia were descended from Solomon. This member of Ethiopian royalty was Ras Tafari Makonnen. the Apostle. Jah is the basic name for Lord. (It is amazing to really see how many Black marriages there were within the House of Israel. During the time of early Christianity. there came another King from the same tribe—Haile Selassie. who descended directly from King David through King Solomon and Queen Sheba’s son. the Queen was pregnant with Solomon’s son. 49: 8-12 Apart from Jesus being from the tribe of Judah. Solomon converted her to the God of Abraham. whose coronation name became Emperor Haile Selassie—the first! It is from this time forward that the Jamaicans. Selassie was the one who opened the book with seven seals.The Rasta Creation David of Judah is very important because the Lord promised a great deal through his line. The Queen visited the wealthy and wise Solomon in Jerusalem. When he returned to Ethiopia. ushered in the new order of Black attentiveness and rule. Ethiopia. whose ascension to the Throne of David. Egypt. Paul. which is spoken of in Revelation 5. who were looking for a redeemer from the constant oppression of the white man. which most reserve for the advent of the second coming of Christ. Queen Makeba ruled over the empire of Sheba. she had until then worshipped the Sun in the person of Ra.

nor in earth. This was the day of coronation of Ras Tafari to the new name of Haile Selassie. that the Rastas proclaimed his divinity. he is Jah (LORD) Ras Tafari. Selassie is Christ—in His new name! Ras Tafari— Haile Selassie. Revelation 5: 2-5.” to which was added “King of Kings. the first. hath prevailed to open the book and to loose the seven seals thereof. Thus. … was able to open the book. as Christ was.The Rasta Creation The Bible speaks of the Lord coming in a new name to a New Jerusalem. sing praises to His name: extol Him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH. The Rastas say the Jesus is one and the same with Selassie but of "An earlier dispensation. “And I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice: who is worthy to open the book. and Light of this World. but a Conquering Lion.'s (His Imperial Majesty’s) claim to the throne of Solomon makes him a lineal descendant of King David. neither to look thereon…And one of the elders saith unto me.M.I. 19 . 3:12).” No longer a lamb to the slaughter. the Root of David. 1930 in the New Jerusalem—Ethiopia (Zion).“ Psalms 68:4 “Sing unto God. This new name came into effect on November 2. It is believed by Rastas that the new name of the Lord is none other than His Imperial Majesty—Haile Selassie. It was through this same lineage that paved the way for Jesus Christ to enter 2000 years earlier. It was with the following scripture. Conquering Lion of Judah. Lord of Lord. and rejoice before Him. meaning “Might of the Trinity." Baby Ras Tafari Makonnen. (Rev. and to loose the seals thereof? And no man in heaven. Weep not: behold the Lion of the tribe of Judah.” H. Elect of God.

reveals that his complexion is neither extremely black nor white. KING OF KINGS. Selassie-I is the king of kings’ pon ert (earth). He is “One in all. even looks like the early Jesus.M. Now. AND LORD OF LORDS.The Rasta Creation Some say that H.” Revelation 19: 16— And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written. Close examination of Selassie. 20 . which guy pon di ert is rich like di king of kings? —Bob Marley.I.

he toured Central and South America to organize plantation laborers. Jamaican born Marcus Garvey. Later. Jamaica. a blacksmith or shoemaker. In 1907. he led a printer's strike in Kingston. Garvey established the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation 21 . Only a few worked up the ranks of the strict social order to become tradesman or skilled workers.Garvey Only a few thought along these same lines. that a king would arise out of Africa and that he would be Black. “In Jamaica. of Ethiopia. In 1912.The Rasta Creation Garvey—Precursor to the Rasta Rasta is the movement that accepts His Imperial Majesty. Marcus Mosiah Garvey was born in Jamaica under Colonial British rule in 1887. or return home. to Africa. You are slated to be a cowhand or laborer. he went to London. Marcus Garvey pointed to the redeeming King.M. Garvey continues to be a Prophet in the hearts of Rastas. Black men have no special advantages. Ras Tafari. he shall be the Redeemer. Although Garvey did not know who this king would be. with a surety. Most Jamaicans did not question the rigid social hierarchy based on color and race. as Divine. I looked an the system man picks for me and I said. this does not suit Me. For he was the one who pointed the way. Returning to Jamaica in 1914. who said to the people. As John the Baptist pointed to Christ. Haile Selassie-I. This fire urged the people to repatriate. Garvey became devoted to improving conditions for the Black people. who would be Haile Selassie.” –M. he felt. Here he met Blacks from many nations and became fascinated by African history and culture.” These were the words of prophecy that started a fire in the hearts and souls of Black people. Their lives were working solely for the benefit of Great Britain—the great colonizers. This was the awakening of the Ras Tafari movement. “Look to Africa for a crowing of a Black King.

” –Bob Marley 22 . Garvey attracted thousands of supporters and claimed two million members for the UNIA. It well played. Garvey moved to the United States and settled in New York City. and some still leave. His adventures in life. with a surety. where he died without fame in 1940. he felt. that he would arise out of Africa and he would be Black. and everyone see it. ‘Mean. he was jailed in 1925. however. Although Garvey did not know who this king would be. proved to be tough. he said of himself. mon. Unable to resurrect the UNIA or regain his influence. As John the Baptist pointed to Christ. Marcus Garvey pointed to a redeeming African King. At his trial. Garvey continues to hold the position of Prophet in the hearts of Rastas.The Rasta Creation Association (UNIA) and the African Communities League. who would be Haile Selassie." and recognition. However. And lot of ting Marcus Garvey say. the Negro World. “Marcus Garvey was a prophet. Probably never standing a chance in a white court. later he suffered a series of economic disasters and was arrested for mail fraud in 1922. Marcus Garvey tell us to look to di east to da King. For he was the one who pointed the way. A symbol of the determination of Blacks to win respect "I am only the forerunner of an awakened Africa that shall never go back to sleep. their ancestral homeland. There he incorporated the UNIA and started a weekly newspaper. Garvey served as his own defense attorney. is really caz everyting weh ‘im say in dem time a happen today—and everyone a see it happening. get more stronger you know. Garvey urged American Blacks to be proud of their race and preached their return to Africa. A persuasive orator and author. Garvey moved to London. he founded the Black Star Line in 1919 to provide steamship transportation. In 1916. And lot of ting come to pass. and the Negro Factories Corporation to encourage black economic independence. To this end. His sentence was commuted two years later and was immediately deported back to Jamaica. Jah Ras Tafari.

he established a Rasta community in the hills of St. had been taken from their Fathers land. 2. A true Rasta pioneer. 4. Haile Selassie-I. consequently. when Ras Tafari was crowned “King of Kings. oppression. and lies. where he was a thriving ganja farmer.The Rasta Creation Rasta Beginnings — Preacher Leonard P. is a three part drum rhythm accompanied by the smoking ganja and the singing chants of righteous anger against oppressors.) Revenge on Whites for their wickedness. but soon was arrested: 1. injustice. 6. Leonard P. (To give the Black race hope and determination. and green Ethiopian flag in Jamaica. Howell listed the following six basic principles that penetrated the hearts of new Rasta recruits. It was at this time that the Rastas re-established the ancient Biblical practice of uncombed hair—dreadlocks. the Black people. Pinnacle Estate. Howell Just as the Rasta movement was escalating. and humiliation of the government and legal bodies of Jamaica. It was also at this time that the Holy Herb was known to the Rastaman as being the “Healing of the nation. Charged for disturbing the peace. gold. never adopted the belief that Haile Selassie was God. He realized that the time to “Look to Africa” had come. 5.” 23 . persecution. he was the first to defend the divinity of H. Catherine. among other spiritual things. Garvey’s association with the Rasta movement. however. he was imprisoned for two years. Garvey. Marcus Garvey moved in London in 1933.) The complete superiority of the Black race. Without a doubt. The true nature of their cries against oppression was that they. Hatred for the White race. He was the first to publicly denounce the British Government. he was the first to hoist the red. The negation. Howell was the one who took the crowing of the new king seriously and started to preach the divinity of Haile Selassie-I. The established and esteemed leaders of the Rastas became “Elders” who created the Nyabinghi Order.” Howell started to preach throughout Jamaica. Their voice was to oppose the notion of white supremacy. For this.I.M. It was at this time that words of truth were spoken against the establishments of the evil government— Babylon. Acknowledging Emperor Haile Selassie as the Supreme Being and only ruler of Black people. A few years later. in 1930. It was over the next twenty years that the Rasta movement really emerged in Jamaica. (From the basis of slavery. and chanting. Marcus Garvey was the one who got the Black masses to first realize the importance of Africa. the several thousand members would enjoy regular African style drumming. which. sold into slavery and were now living in Hell. and the corrupt system of the British government—Babylon. Preparation to go back to Africa. 3. human exploitation. In this first Rasta community. dancing. Howell started the Rasta movement in Jamaica and he is regarded as the founding Rasta father. was non-existent. who at the time was King George VI. It was Leonard Howell that recognized and really started the Rasta movement.

one can be assured that various people in Bible times did not comb or cut their hair. They were spiritual men guided by the Lord. Such a person is Samson. whose power came from his uncut hair. Some think that the Sadhus. in separateth the which he separateth himself unto the Lord. Dreadlocks are regarded as an ancient Christian rite. "This must have some meaning for us. which were set apart from normal society. and black as a raven. 1980 interview by Lee originally appeared Magazine.” Marley grabbed one of his dangling dreadlocks and exclaimed. Samson had seven locks (Judges 16: 19). were part of a religion made under the Lord’s instruction. [Current followers of Shiva.The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks Dreadlocks It is known that an ancient Indian mendicant named Shiva (who became part of the Hindu godhead) had uncombed dreadlocks down to his heels. are the reason and influence of the start of dreadlocks in Jamaica. Someone has to keep the roots. from the Bible. Many 24 . However. “All the days of the vow of his separation THERE SHALL NO RAZOR COME UPON HIS HEAD: until the days be fulfilled. the Nazarite vow of the Old Testament continues to be the true Rasta source of the uncombed and uncut dreadlocks. which in Worcester Numbers 6:5. he shall be holy." BOB MARLEY. named Sadhus. and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow.” (Songs of Solomon 5:11 emphasis added. who devote their life by worshipping Shiva. his Locks are bushy. Shiva meditated while smoking hashish in a chillum pipe. One notion regarding the origin of the locks was that certain Jamaicans copied the Hindu holy men who came to Jamaica from India as indentured laborers in the late 19th century.) Perhaps the most familiar feature of Rasta culture is the growing and keeping of dreadlocks—uncombed and uncut hair that knots and mats into distinctive locks.] Nevertheless. O'Neill. to the Rastas.” Dreadlocks Rasta Prophet—Bob Marley “I am a Rasta. have dreadlocks and smoke hash similar to the Rastas. for why we do it. I need Black roots. through Bible research and further references pertaining to dreadlocks and hair. “His head is as the most fine gold. These people.

Photo by Jake Homaik. A Native Jamaican Dreadlocks.The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks believe that numerous people Biblical characters had dreadlocks. 25 . Ras Benji. Among the ones believed to have dreadlocks is John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth. A Rasta peering into Babylon. Smithsonian Institute. A White Dread.

“Skully” from Israel Vibration. 26 .The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks A Sadhu (Shiva worshipper) with long locks.

The truth must be buried within. Jah bless you with the hair you have. treating. “Dreadlocks are a symbol of humans in their natural state. one who grows his or her locks must do so with deep and honest intentions based on truth. Bad hair only occurs when it has been altered or tampered with to the point where it is no longer naturally healthy. Dreadlocks are a 27 . One who wears locks becomes a “Locksman” and is part of a totally natural and sacred rite.. as the word “Dread” may suggest. it helps to bring that person to accept what they have. The spiritual roots of dreadlocks must grow like a tree. The following three truths are necessary for establishing a firm foundation in being a dreadlocks Rasta.. one will be firmly planted and stable in life.. Most people’s impression of dreadlocks is one of disgust. Ras Tafari is God. Over the years of dreadlock growth. washing. (See Leviticus 21:5) Dreadlocks are so natural that the typical “Civilized” person cannot comprehend or bear to see such an innate part human nature.htm. hot combing. perming. Such vain pursuits will only damage the soul of the locks wearer. Natural is better.geocities. “There's no such thing as ‘bad hair’ when it’s in its natural state.) Dreadlocks are growing in societies around the world. anything that seeks to remove the natural. (Isn't that ironic though? Many people would rather compromise to change before trying to understand and accept!)” (http://www. Babylon will fall. and dealing with it instead of trying to change it. Some people grow dreadlocks to be stylish or to be part of some popular sub-culture.com/coolpoete/dreadlocks. Most people that want to grow locks should have in mind the fears and premonitions that may come along with going natural.The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks A Rasta enjoying an I-tal lunch.” Although they should not be feared. Excessive heat. dying. There is a sphere of seriousness and righteousness to the whole idea. Spirituality of Dreadlocks A Rasta from the Abyssinians. tight curl out of the hair by chemical or excessive heat can damage your hair. That fear is a good thing. Therefore. how dare you make mockery of him by saying that someone has ‘bad hair’ when it is natural.

dreadlocks are a manifestation and devotion of truth. 28 .The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks demonstration and symbolic voice against organizations and governments of oppression. In essence.

a Jamaican Rasta washes his dreads in the river rocks.The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks A Nepali Sadhu reading scriptures and meditating. 29 . Ras Daniel Hartman overlooks a young dread below. Here. Later. If standing. Great unity exists between a dreadlocks father and his son. his dreadlocks would reach the earth! In Jamaica. his dreads enjoy a soaking at the beach.

you have fi take what sounds you get because you have on the shape and features of a beast. Yet when I an I dreadlocks even chant and say the man is a spy…now I an I dreadlocks would have to find out the truth.” (Rastafari. Jah say I an I must test the man when them come to I an I. SPIRAL. Wooly haired people have both. two. visible as a whorl pattern with its center in the back of the head. A Rastafarian explains that dreadlocks are. However. the mirror. then I an I can accept you as a man who has taken the step towards the integrity of the King of Kings of the Iternal one of creation. that causes the double helix spiral of the DNA molecules this same spiraling power causes spiraling hair. accept your own nature and. and know what Irie [goodness] dwell in the man…So when you come ‘mongst I an I dreadlocks. spirals. the whorl pattern and the individually spiraling strands of helical. the creator. otherwise known as NAPPY. kinky." (Nichols) Becoming a Dreadlocks Rasta “So I an I sight then that within such manner of man chanting to I an I. from seashells to man." especially the Golden Spiral. SPIRitual" essence out of which it is made! The "SPIRal. “A quality of Black people that are high-tension wires. which transmits divine energy and inspiration from Jah [God]. take a step towards integrity. Some may do it superficially for fashion or popularity. one. spring-like.. and SPIRITUAL have common roots! The Supreme Power spins.. nappy hair . curly. SPIN. WOOLLY hair! The words. where God or the "Ancient of Days" is described as having "Hair like the pure wool. the choice of the gods!” (Epps) High Tension Wires Hair is really antennae. it is spiritual. 30 . the essence of a true dreadlock Rasta is to. coiled. which can receive and transmit energy! A vital benefit that these naturally amplified and tightly packed antennas bring are that they allow for sharper perceptions and can alert the brain to sense unseen dangers." (Dan. to spiraling nappy hair! Your blood spirals through your veins! Plants spiral up from the soil! And nappy hair spirals out from the hair roots! Ball your hand into a fist and slowly extend each finger and you will see for yourself how the tip of each finger opens in a golden spiral path! Straight-haired people also have a spiral on their heads. to Rasta. frizzy. wavy. But when the man dread up within certain knowledge now.The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks The Divinity and Energy of Dreadlocks According to the Bible. is simultaneously the most profound motion and design in the universe built into all life forms.. 212) Anyone can grow dreadlocks for his or her own reasons.. everything in it reflects the "SPIRaling. It moves or spirals the universe! The entire universe dances in spirals and rotations. 7:9) “ The Power that causes galaxies to spiral. where their straight hair grows out slanting in the whorl's direction. I an I couldn’t turn them away. and planets & atoms to spin.

ECT. coordinating their careers. 1999) 31 . And dem could’n tek dat lick off dat whip—di locks whip! So dem haffi get at him head quick. yu know wa’I mean. 1966. “Bob exposes op-pol-lied violence—as dis white man mash yu and tell yu. Haile Selassie-I (Ras Tafari) during his arrival at Kingston airport on April 21. arranging studio sessions.M. ‘excuuuse me sir!’ Bob exposes dat. him did’n develop his locks dat could beat di world wit.The Rasta Foundation—Dreadlocks Mortimer Planno speaks on Bob Marley’s Dreadlocks Mortimer Planno is a highly esteemed Rasta Elder who had been selected to greet H. He also became the Wailers' manager (for a period). Planno was Bob Marley’s Rasta teacher and instructed Bob in the arcane truths of the movement. Deese are di messages we wanted Bob to expose—worldwide—to his generation. and stop it from grow. Like in dis album now. This chief Rasta is also versed in the practicalities of life. zeen? It was only growing. (pointing to cover of Catch A Fire) if yu look pon him locks.” —Mortimer Planno (Film footage and words from Catch A Fire DVD.I.

Derminte and Bongo Stephan with chalice. “herb is a plant!” I mean herb is good for everything. but you check it inna yu sense and say. yu dig wa mi a say? Wi ooo accept herb. a not similar to something you crave. Herb is di healing of the nation. Like how is the destruction of mankind. Da more you accept herb is the more yu accept Rastafari. herb is the healing of the nation. we just see dem just say yu muss’n use it ‘caa it mek yu rebel—against what?” —Bob Marley Bob Marley in a cloud of inspiration.The Rasta Foundation—Ganja Ganja—The Holy Herb Rasta Coconut Chalice. I mean. herb is important but herb is more important to the people ooo don’t accept yet—becaa dat’s the reality. Why deese people ooo want fi do so much good fi everyone ooo call dem self governments and dis and dat—why dem say yu must not smoke di herb? Ya see? And we check dat and we kyaan find. “We use cannabis ya know? We use di herb. 32 .

him says. them never listen to it. the Cannabis plant played a major part in the early development of the country. those is the things that destroy the people. The name of ganja comes from India. this is not the things that hand-made. From industry to spirituality. glues. named in 1753. which is known as the "Holy herb.The Rasta Foundation—Ganja Chief Arguments Ganja is illegal in Jamaica. then the government’s main motivation must be to downpress and control the people. Ganja. such an attack must be motivated by the desire to suppress the people. is known as Babylon. and it always virtuous to show the man the Bible and Revelation 22: “the herb that bear the various fruits. They feel that when the government attacks people because of ganja. one can see that hemp is a versatile product of our earth. For God says.” (Chevannes.” So this is the chief argument we always confront them whenever we have an attack by the police. Rastas know there is nothing wrong its use. medicine. Yet. Therefore. We show the policeman at all times that we [would] rather if you destroy us. the leaf of it shall be the healing of the nation” and in Psalms 104. Cannabis is the solution! 33 . and oils.” took on the role of a religious sacrament for the Rastas as the movement gathered speed in the 1930's. “The evil things ‘pon this earth is the hand-made things. “All the herbs that bearing seeds upon the land is made for man. and spiritual meditation. such a lawmaking stance of the government is a reflection of slavery. ropes. if the government attacks and suppresses citizens for the use of naturally grown and harmless ganja. the father of botany. In the eyes of Rastas. The term ganja refers to the ancient plant herb scientifically known as Cannabis Sativa. It made for ideal clothes. Although the part of hemp associated with fabric is different form the part used in smoking. Rasta reasoning is continuous in the confidence that there is nothing wrong with the use JAH-GIVEN GANJA. They were the group of Rastas central to institutionalizing of ganja and dreadlocks in early Rasta movement: “We don’t count ganja as a criminal offense. Any evil realm that oppresses the people. by depriving them of their rights. as well as the most controversial. So. Its public smoking symbolized protest towards the oppressive power structure of Babylon. The top flowering buds of the female plant are the part of the plant that is used for smoking.S. Its use is founded in the Bible. However. fibers. which Linnaeus.” These are the things that brought up falsehood ‘pon the people. which had deemed its use illegal. flag was wholly constructed of hemp—it was very fabric of the country! It was also a major trade commodity. In the United States. 157) The use of ganja may very well be the most dominant and well-known force in the movement's religious ideology. Even the original U. economy. this is God natural creation. where the use of ganja has been known for centuries for its enormous benefits in industry. Below are words of REASONING taken from members of the Jamaican YOUTH BLACK FAITH.

including deforestation. cannabis can help save the earth and solve vast ecological problems. and enlightening humanity. However.) So. healing. Perhaps they know that in addition to feeding. The Great Book of Hemp. packed with protein and essential fatty acids. does not want it anymore! They have found a new industry that brings in more money—a chemical industry and economy. Hemp was used for money in America until the early 1800’s. 34 . The newly found goldmine and agenda of business is in petrochemicals and various chemical drugs (as prescribed by “Doctors”). Babylon. who is the oppressive and controlling force of society. why is practical and beneficial Cannabis condemned? Simply put. Brief Hemp Facts: The original drafts of the Declaration of Independence and Constitution were written on hemp paper. The hemp seed is nature’s perfect food. The United States government encouraged farmers to grow hemp to help win WWII.The Rasta Foundation—Ganja “Hemp is of first necessity to the wealth and protection of the country” –Tomas Jefferson The early Americans (the rebelled British colonizers who simply colonized the Indian’s land and called it the United States) used cannabis as a medicine—it was the most prescribed medicine (next to aspirin) from 1840 to 1893. the very existence and essence of Babylon is to oppose that which is good and natural. (Robinson. Over a hundred medicines are used from the cannabis plant. They have thrown away the notion that people should use natural products from our Mother Earth and have instituted an almost completely chemical system of life. Henry Ford built and powered a car from hemp.

Although its use had been prohibited very early in Jamaica. but this insight can only come to man with the use of the herb. but actually a way of life. One will also know that the revelations pertaining to Haile Selassie are true and that Ethiopia is the home of the Black people. Ganja is regarded as "Wisdom weed. When you use the herb." Rather. freeing the follower from the establishment. ganja use among Jamaicans was by no means unique to the Rastafarian movement. 1975. the average Jamaican is so brainwashed by colonialism that his entire system is programmed wrong. you experience yourself as God. enabling the Rastafarian a oneness with both God and himself. the smoking of the herb symbolizes much more than an attempt by the movement to. “Man basically is God. "Show its freedom from the laws of the Babylon. the universe. that he may bring forth food out of the earth. Rastas attest to its sacramental properties: "He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle. we are creating a God-like culture and this is the cosmic unity that we try to achieve in the Rastafarian community. you deal or relate to people like a God. and God. the smoking of the herb is both a reactionary device to society. the smoking of the herb came to take on new significance. native Jamaican herbalists used ganja as a folk medicine. whose beliefs do not necessarily form a religion per se. When you are God. With the emergence of the Rastas. Today. and a religious sacrament. but you can change yourself by the use of the herb. as he or she recites the prayer preceding the lighting of the herb: Glory be to the 35 ." For the Rastas. then. With ganja use. such as Psalms 104:14. it is an intensely religious experience and the key to a new understanding of the self. however.” —Ras Sam Clayton. The use of the herb results in a true revelation of Black consciousness. you can exist in this dismal state of reality that now exists in Jamaica. His response to the world is conditioned by unseen forces due to European acculturation. and when each of use lets his light shine. According to Rastas. “For the Rastafarians. (Swagga). which brings about the proper love for the Black race. Before Rasta emergence in the 1930's. further saying that it was found growing on the grave of King Solomon.The Rasta Foundation—Ganja Ganja: The Weed of Wisdom While its use is largely connected with Rastas. According to a leading Rasta. In this way you let your light shine. however. and can only be "Loosened up" by the herb. You cannot change man. Citing biblical passages. With the use of the herb. one's true African identity can finally be realized. particularly in teas and in smoking mixtures with tobacco. and herb for the service of man.” Rasta leaders urge ganja to be smoked as a religious rite. most peasants had no knowledge of its illegality.

and fresh! Rastas are by no means accepting of drugs. System don’t agree with herb because herb make ya too solid. It is clear that any commercially pre-packaged cigarette contains numerous harmful chemicals. Most people would agree that alcohol has contributed more to the destruction of society than the smoking of ganja.” –Bob Marley. Rum (or any alcohol for that matter) can make you sick and/or violent. In that case. For devil see ya not gwaan fi do fool tings again. when mixing it with ganja. when ya smoke herb ya conscience come right in front of ya. produce dangerous and addictive tobacco. ganja 36 . whose cigarettes are injected and sprayed with chemicals. Behold. The main reasoning behind this preference is that these drugs are manmade and adapted with chemicals. is a natural substance that Jah (the Lord) has created for our use. Selassie-I”. Just kill ya. like the system. Rastas may smoke tobacco that is pure. in truth. Herb. The reason that Rastas are against rum is because rum is the resident alcohol of Jamaica and many have seen its negative social effects. and every tree. especially Jamaican rum. to you it shall be for meat. Devout Rastas do not drink alcohol. it would be bad for man." (Genesis 1:29) Testimony of Ganja The following is part of an interview with a leading Rasta: “…Ganja is really used to bring forth a peaceful and complacent aspect within man. (Swagga). natural. which is upon the face of all the earth. A righteous Rasta will abstain from common “Drugs” such as: heroin. Yes. “And God said. But. However. nor smoke cigarettes. Rasta! Herb is the healing of the nation. Y’see? So. on the other hand. LSD. the devil he no like it if ya stay conscience and clean up your life. “Rum mosh up your insides. Rastas shun cigarettes because moneymaking corporations. The tobacco found in today’s cigarettes is certainly not completely natural.The Rasta Foundation—Ganja Father and to the maker of creation as it was in the beginning is now and ever shall be world without end: Jah Rastafari: Eternal God. whereas ganja can heal and offer peace. Ya see it. cocaine. and nearly all prescription drugs. in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed. Y’see. We do not believe in the excessive use of ganja. It cannot be used to excess. I have given you every herb bearing seed.

” which name also means cup. The Chalice There is only one method that is completely traditional and holy for a Rasta to smoke ganja. the coconut must be filled partially with water—the Chalice is a true water pipe! Smoking with a Rasta Chalice utilizes the five universal elements: Earth— from the ganja and the cutchie.com 37 . A hole is cut out of the top and a clay-fired “cutchie. In the cutchie. as found in the Bible. a half of a nutmeg is inserted to keep ganja from falling down. Water—from the water in the coconut.” The word chalice. and Fire—from the flame that lights and burns the herb. Since smoking herb is a meditative and enlightening event. Interview by Leonard Barrett. Two holes are then made into the coconut—one for a hose to inhale the smoke. and keeps you intellectually balanced. This is by way of the coconut “chalice. We do not find ganja as a mental depressor. is inserted and fitted into the top hole. 1975. Sr. ganja sharpens your wit. and we even eat it sometimes. I now am fifty. why not use a spiritual and religious cup? A chalice is handmade out of a hollowed coconut shell. Rubber hose to draw smoke.The Rasta Foundation—Ganja used moderately is not bad. has reference to a holy or sacramental cup. Before smoking. We smoke it. and the other hole for the thumb to regulate airflow. Thumb hole for regulated airflow. and I have never been to a doctor for any ganja related ailments…”—Ras Sam Brown. Water inside coconut An authentic handmade Rasta Chalice can be purchased at www. It is not a drug. I have been smoking ganja since I was eighteen years of age. Rasta Coconut Chalice Clay-fired cutchie to hold ganja. it is not an aphrodisiac either. Wood—from the coconut and rubber (rubber comes from trees). We do not find it a poison. Air—from the smoke. we drink it.Reggae-Rasta.

The next important drum is the high-toned akete repeater. The next drum is the medium sized funde. and give dem 38 . This African bass vibration is the authority of Nyabinghi music. which universal pulse is broadcast straight from Africa. and Power There is a trinity of drums. unite the cosmic power of creation. and lock up people. is also physical war. which allows the “Voice” of the akete drum to be understood.The Rasta Foundation—Nyabinghi Nyabinghi—Word. “Is like spiritual war. The funde is the drum that provides the basic heartbeat rhythm.” The base drum is the foundation drum. which is the foundation of Reggae music. when played by talented and inspired Rastas. Sound. But if we should try to actuate physical instruments or weapons of war and use dem. This drum is the lead drum and acts as voice of attack. The akete is the voice of the ensemble. These drums. The bass drum is the “Drum in deep” that pulses to the chants against Babylon and is known as “The Pope Smasher. This drum follows the bass. then we would be targets of Babylon police force and dem will out come and mash [with] stone.

yes. So.” (Ras Jah Bones) Jah Bones (1940 . 125) Festivities can last for several days. even black hold drum sounds can take into itself certain force power and strive the weak heart. spiritual-mental and physical-practical. releasing warplanes. if you like. paralyze. lecturer. we know. Jamaican born Jah Bones is author of the book One Love: Rastafari: History. you know. So. and verbal aggression on the level of commitment. releasing rockets of death. also known as "Binghi. from Ithiopia ancient church triumphant of the churchical order.The Rasta Foundation—Nyabinghi prison sentences. Doctrine & Livity (1985). Nyabinghi involves chanting. writer. 39 . cause life is like two stages. we know we are less open to attacks and defects. The original name meant “Death to the Whites. cramp. so. The word sound similar taken to itself certain word power and strive the weak heart… Nyahbinghi is the music that kill. make a creation manifest.” (Barrett. Nyahbinghi was very big in Africa when theocracy was the form of government and parliament was the church.” to commemorate revered events. In the beginning was the word. when we carry out combat on the spiritual-mental plain. because of word and sound. feasting. termination and strength. we know we are more secure. ancient music from the time of Salem. dancing.” specifically referring to the Europeans. The term "Nyabinghi" is said to have come from a religious. Yes.” Nyabinghi today. and his majesty’s birthday (July 23. and social contact." is the ensemble on special occasions. and political movement against the evil forces of the White man who was enslaving the native peoples of East Africa in the 1800’s. true power of that earth is in I-ghest [highest] stages. 1892). give a joy. which are called “Grounations. in England. and praise to Jah Rastafari. The early Nyabinghi was set up as a secret-society movement in efforts to overthrow colonial domination. These events are as follows: The coronation of his Imperial majesty (November 2). the word was with Jah and word come to count itself flesh. “Death to Black and White oppressors. For us word sounds is like releasing bombs. Nyahbinghi is the King’s music. spiritual. It is a great gathering of Rastas “For inspiration. activist.1997). his majesty’s visit to Jamaica (April 25. The current meaning of Nyabinghi is. King of King’s music. smoking. spiritual use of the holy herb and chalice (as a religious rite). Previous quotations are from his words in 1988. and elder of Universal Zion Church and Ethiopian World Federation Inc. 1966).

carry the Rasta cry of freedom and dignity into the sky above…Rastafari have come to relax and share their innate power in nature. you can feel the earth’s very center…from smaller drums. (Rastafari Voices. Smoking. Dancing. And this Nyabinghi don’t mean that it is a plaything. and continuous to work it in the fullness of its activity until peace will come to all nations upon earth in the power of Jah Rastafari as the coordinator of us all. "The Nyabinghi is the most important meeting of the Rastas. Each has its own. divine resurrection for all nation which is of righteous element.One tune continued as long as an hour and without a break before another was started and continued on and on throughout the evening until the drummer was exhausted and his place was taken by another drummer. The Rastafarians. Some play the drums." Barrett relates in his book. how he attended one such Nyabinghi. 70) The rituals of Rastafari are fully expressed in Nyabinghi gatherings.. And that is the protest of full Nyabinghi to I and I." (Nicholas. Nyabinghi…Each sings his own song. Through rhythmic beats on the heavy bass drum. but all emanate for. Others dance in an unfrenzied. which is distinctly an offbeat rhythm. In this evening snapshot. It is comparable to the movement's convention and may last from one or three days to even a week.. "The air was thick with smoke from the holy herb and the drums kept a haunting beat. the essential rhythm. and Reasoning. and return to. flowing motion. Jamaican Rastas enjoy the mystic forces of their music. raising the power of earth to the sky. involving members from all over the island. coordination.The Rasta Foundation—Nyabinghi Although there is no unanimous agreement as to the origins or exact spelling of Nyabinghi. The heavy bass sounds represent the death of the oppressive 40 . which is created by the following: Drumming.. all sing the same song—‘Carry Rastafari home’. it mean that it is for full universal. Chanting." One Rasta Elder describes the Nyabinghi as such: …The Nyabinghi mean to bring universal cooperation. and divine elements for all people.. 1978 Video Tape) Nyabinghi music. reflects of the Rastas vibration with society. the "The Nyabinghi is heard here. which is of righteous good.

Ras Tafari.The Rasta Foundation—Nyabinghi society and are answered by the sharp high tones of the repeater symbolizing a resurrection of society through the power of Jah. 41 .

on the fringe of the famed Cockpit Country. While the President of the United States was carrying out the affairs of state and enjoying the accolades of "Establishment" Jamaica. Above photo by Jake Homiak. Below are selected lyrics to the chants contained in the above album. 1983) The Nyabingi chants on this album provide a rare opportunity to appreciate the righteous anger and dread indignation.C 1989. KEEP COOL BABYLON Keep cool Babylon You don’t know what your doing Keep cool Babylon You don’t know what your saying Keep cool Babylon You don’t know what your doing Keep cool King Rasta yard is cool Jah Jah go chant down lightning and thunder fi clear di way Whirlwind come and Jah tek ‘im away Keep cool. the hills of upper Trelawney. FIRE MAN Fire man Rasta fire man Fire man Rasta Fire man. keep cool Jah Jah yard is cool. Churchical Chants of the Nyabingi presents for the first time on the redemption songs of the Nyabingi. the session lasted for seven days. were ringing with the sound of the Nyabingi drum while the Rastafari Judgment fire blazed through the night. Ras Pidow (below) in Washington D. 42 .The Rasta Foundation—Nyabinghi Churchical Chants of the Nyabingi (Heartbeat Records. which fuels the creative energies of Rastafari. Smithsonian Institution Photo of Ras Michael (on left) playing the akete/repeater drum. These chants were recorded at a Nyabingi session held on Ronald Reagan's 1982 visit to Jamaica.

Ras Pidow was a recognized Elder of the Rainbow Throne of the Niahbingi Theocratic Order. On July 4th.niceup. whose authority is that of Melchizedek. Ras Pidow represents a life-long I-dication (dedication) of principle. "If herb is a crime. After traveling nationally and performing at the Smithsonian's National Folk Festival. Below is taken from the 1992 album cover Ras Pidow’s Modern Antique. Although scorned and reviled by society for praising His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie-I as the almighty. Ras Pidow was one of the first in the movement of Rastafari. and “Overstanding”.html> Born 1931 in Kingston. teacher.The Rasta Foundation—Nyabinghi The following paragraph is taken from: <http://www. Ras Pidow and brethren made a showing at the NORML smoke out. Ras Pidow delivers the message of Divine importance that Haile Selassie is the Almighty. Ras Pidow has endured as a living Testament that good must conquer evil and love must be the law that governs humanity. Jamaica. Ras Pidow and fellow [Rastafari] Elders through the power of His Imperial Majesty and the assistance of the Smithsonian Institution made a pilgrimage to America in 1989. then God is a criminal" chanted Ras Pidow to the blazing lick shots of the Nyabinghi drums before the enthusiastic crowd of supporters. the elders received positive response from the people and the press. As a recognized elder of the Haile Selassie-I Nyabinghi Order Theocracy Reign. He is seen reading truth as contained in the Bible. “If herb is a crime. love. then God is a criminal. 43 . a concert for the legalization of Marijuana. their mission was to spread the truth of Rastafari and to universally expand peace.” —Ras Pidow The Elders of the Nyabinghi Order play a crucial role in Rasta authority and operate as a Priesthood. Story teller. He died in March of 2001.com/artists/ras_pidow. priest. growing the locks of the head as the holy covenant and using the ganja plant as a spiritual sacrament. including The Washington Post.

and Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah. this was not merely another King being crowned. the Duke became drunk and wandered off into the wilderness and ate tall grass. which was magically empowered with the authority and power to rule the world. Nebuchadnezzar. who soon inherited the Roman world. They undoubtedly used it to build the Roman Empire. Marc Antony and Julius Caesar stole the golden Scepter of the House of Judah. From Rome. the Scepter was stolen by Britain. However. Elect of God. from Ethiopia. nor a law giver from between his feet. In addition. news came of the crowning of an Ethiopian King. and unto him shall be the gathering of the people be…(Genesis 49: 8-12) In 1930. Lord of Lords. Duke of Gloucester.The Rasta Foundation—Judah The Importance of Judah Judah. This King was crowned His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie-I. the sacred golden Scepter of the House of Judah was rightfully returned to the new King of Ethiopia. pirates under British command brought African slaves to the New World to enrich the Babylonian Queen Elizabeth I. When the Duke gave Selassie the Scepter. The coronation (crowning) of Haile Selassie-I was attended by many nations. thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise…The scepter shall not depart from Judah. he was paralyzed and soon died. While in Ethiopia. the Emperor regained his powers. Selassie sent a mysterious emblem back to England with the Duke to give to his father. son of King George V of Britain. 44 . until Shiloh come. King of Zion. Historically. This King was the 225th great grandson of King Solomon. Light of this World. was sent by his father to represent the British throne and to return the Emperor the stolen Scepter as a gift. When King George saw the emblem. revealing himself as the reincarnate King of Babylon. King of Kings.

which would be a light to the world. His people would be returned to their land and no more would they suffer. H. and eyes that reflect a sense of purpose and mission. but that this King's throne represented the throne of God on earth. Jamaicans.The Rasta Foundation—Judah African Christians now began asking many questions. To the Rastas. Then. 23.M. People earnestly searched the scriptures and the prophecies concerning this throne in Ethiopia. But when they returned to God with all their hearts. that their throne and dynasty (lineage) would endure as long as the Moon and Sun. He told them that He would punish them by famine. Jeremiah. this King was the one promised from the House of David. and He would scatter them to the four corners of the earth. and that David would never be short of seed to sit on his throne (see psalms 89). By the dignity of His stature. The 49th chapter of Genesis (verses 8-12) reads that God had promised the custodianship of His kingdom to the Tribe of Judah. his name was Ras Tafari Makonnen. the colonial sovereign of Jamaica was less than 500 years old. 1892—the beginning of the astrological sign of the Lion. pestilence and the sword. Emperor Haile Selassie-I was born on July 23. and 33). Moreover. They would be ruled by a foreign power and be servants to other nations.000 years old. the Tribe of Judah. established by a covenant between God and King David as recorded in the Old Testament (II Sam: 7). who saw him as the long awaited Messiah. The throne that Haile Selassie-I represented was the oldest living throne on earth—almost 4. He would rise up one from the family of David and Solomon who would re-gather His people back into their own land. Coronation of the King of Kings — Tribe of Judah. the discipline of His character. Isaiah 43. who would re-gather them from their lands of captivity and bring them again into their own land. It is also emphasized that the kings of this dynasty were not only the kings of Ethiopia. he was seen by Bible students as the promised Messiah from the House of Judah. When God's people sinned. Rastafarians." (Revelation Chapter 5) Before his coronation.I. He would set up His promised Kingdom on earth.) It was not only that African people saw that they had an African King exceeding all over colonial sovereigns in royal status and antiquity. began calling themselves by his name. (The throne of the Royal House of Britain. Ethiopia—Zion. God had made an eternal promise to King David and King Solomon. (see Ezekiel 37. His titles fit the only man on earth "Worthy to open the book and to loose the seven seals. 45 . God promised that by the seed of David. but also the kings of the whole earth—representing the justice and judgment of God in human affairs (see psalms 72).

The Rasta Foundation—Judah Jeremiah 8:21— “I am black.” 46 .

Arriving in Jamaica for the first time. Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is di almighty!” —Bob Marley A banner to welcome the King of Kings. and know dat His Imperial Majesty.I.M greets the multitudes of Jamaicans and Rastas.I.M. “Be still. H. 47 .The Rasta Foundation—Haile Selassie 1966 —Visit to Jamaica I said to the people. A Rasta onlooker awaiting H.

The Rasta Foundation—Haile Selassie

On April 21, 1966, thousands of dreadlock Rastas and Jamaican citizens gathered at the Kingston airport to await the arrival of the Ethiopian King—Haile Selassie the first. In the hour of his arrival it was raining. When his plane came in from the east, the rain lightened and over the masses flew a white dove. To the Rastas this was a symbol of divinity. Later, the King went and met with leaders of the country. Some say that these meetings were covert meetings to establish African-Ethiopian influence in Jamaica. When His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Haile Selassie-I, visited Jamaica in 1966, he said that "Ethiopians and Jamaicans have a relationship going back for a very long time," and that "Jamaicans and Ethiopians were brothers by blood." Many Jamaican Rastas, at the time, sought to be taken back (repatriated) to the African Homeland. However, Selassie insisted, “Jamaica must be repaired and more fully situated first.” [When I first took interest in the movement and idea of Rasta, I wondered what Selassie’s own position was pertaining to his divinity. For years, the Rastas hailed him as God. So, how did Selassie view this? Did he claim he was God, or Jah? The answer is in Selassie’s true humbleness, thus, he neither publicly claimed nor denied his divinity.]

Selassie-I is Great David’s Greater Son. Selassie-I is of the House of David, which is of the House of Judah, which is the divine and eternal throne established by the Lord. Selassie-I was born of Davidic descent. He is the Root of King David. Ras Tafari comes through an undefeated genealogy from King Solomon and Queen Sheba. Therefore, Selassie-I is the Lord’s returned through proper order—through the line of David, who was from Judah (a son of Israel). His name, Haile Selassie, literally means, “Might of the Trinity.” The name “Ras Tafari” means, “Head creator” in Amharic. “Ras” is a title given to Ethiopian royalty.

48

The Rasta Foundation—Death

Rasta and the Concept of Death
So, if the key element in Rasta were accepting His Imperial Majesty, Haile Selassie-I, as divine, would his death cause any problems and contentions for current Rastas? The answer is no. Death is of no relevance to the Rasta. God is the God of the living and not of the dead. Rastas do not think about death or the dead. They take literally the Bible’s words, “Let the dead bury their dead.” It is for this reason that Rasta’s refrain from attending funerals.

“The most dramatic revelation has been the death of the King in August of 1975. His death caused many to seek out the Rastafarians for some words of wisdom about their future. But, to the surprise of many, the Rastafarians, true to their doctrine about death, did not show any emotional response. To them, the King had not died; he had only moved away from the temporal scene in order to carry out his work as God and King in the spiritual realm. As a spirit, he will be much more accessible to his followers both in Ethiopia and Jamaica. One needs only to call his name and enter into his spiritual vibrations to feel his power.” (Barrett, 253)

49

The Rasta Vibration—Living Diet

I-tal—The Rasta way of life
Rastas know that natural is better than artificial. Artificiality, which is false and unnatural, is part of the great lie of “Civilized” man. When we consume and eat artificial foods, this artificiality—this unnaturalness—enters our very being as our lifeblood carries it through every part of our body. Artificial sugars, sweeteners and preservatives, which we find in almost every product (especially processed foods and drinks), are so injected with chemicals that our bodies stray further and further from natural harmony. Naturalness is to humans what artificiality is to machines. Shall we be humans and be one with nature? Or, on the other hand, shall we remain part of a great machine and destroy nature? The Rasta is for the earth. The Rasta is for humanity. By eating artificially we, therefore, live artificially. Living through metal cans, processed foods, and plastic wrappers, our minds become processed and our lives become wrapped in a false covering. Artificiality cuts us off from essential contact with Mother Nature. Being dependant upon the artificial processes, rather than the natural processes, enslaves us mentally and physically. If we cover ourselves with purity, purity of thought and intention, we will be true to ourselves and to the earth. The Rastaman is an earthman that utilizes the earth’s natural creations and vibrations. The Rasta believes in “One Love” among all living things. Rastas generally adhere to a set of strict guidelines regarding diet. Rastas forbid the eating of pork and this is the one rule that is accepted by all Rastas. As a whole, Rastas are vegetarians and avoid eating the death of animals—including beef and chicken. Rastas also avoid shellfish and fish with no scales as well as large fish that are over 12 inches. (Large fish have more developed spirits and souls than do smaller fish.) Rastas believe in not killing other creatures. Therefore, Rastas are mostly vegetarians and fruitarians. This is being Vital or I-tal, which is a completely natural and living diet.
“Ital is a term used by Rastas, derived from "vital,” which means a natural and healthy way of life. One aspect of Ital is the Ital food: because the body is a temple, you should not eat impure food. Also, you must take care of your body, cause it is Jah creation. Body is the Chapel. Ital is generally a vegan diet, even if some Rastas eat fish. Some prohibit salt, some not. In all cases, Ital prohibits pork, preservatives, and chemical ingredients. Ingredients have to be the most natural possible.“ –French Dread

So, what is I-tal food? Simply put, I-tal food is organic, non-processed food directly from the earth (i.e., vegetarian or fruitarian by most definitions). "I-tal is vital" best summarizes the Rastafarian belief that pure food from the earth is the most physically and spiritually beneficial. Interestingly, white table salt is not I-tal because of the chemical refining it has been through—a real change from natural sea salt. Ganja is considered Ital since it is smoked, or drank as a tea, in its natural state. Moreover, ganja is considered a holy herb and healing agent that can be used in pretty much any recipe or occasion. 50

The Rasta Vibration—Living Diet

Pork

is the worst of all meats to eat since harmful parasites, which are always in pork, remain alive even after incredibly high cooking temperatures. Pigs are also scavenger animals.

Meat is abandoned because it comes from the killing of animals—meat is death. Pork is specifically despised above all meats and foods. Pork is called, “That thing” to avoid the horrible names of a pigs and swine. I-tal is the natural way of living and eating. Ital shuns cigarettes (due to heavy chemicals), alcohol, and all other chemically made drugs. Cows’ milk is referred to as "White blood" and is, therefore, not included in an I-tal diet. The natural use of Cows’ milk is for feeding baby cows and not humans.

Health, if it is taken care of and guarded well, is a divine gift available to everyone. If health fails, then nothing can be enjoyed. What good is a million dollars if you are too unhealthy to enjoy it? If health is jeopardized, then life is jeopardized. So, let your food be your medicine and your medicine your food in its natural state. Let us get well and stay well by this simple and natural way—the I-tal way! To achieve optimal health we must remember that life comes from life. Live (living) foods are the best source of life-giving energy, not dead and decaying foods. So, look forward to live foods, such as raw fruits, vegetables and their juices, herbs, seeds, nuts, and grains. This is the best way to attain and maintain health and to teach our body to maximize energy, have longevity, and not die prematurely. Disease and illness would be rare if our blood stream were pure. Yet, disease, illness, and fatigue come from an abundance of mucus, toxins, and poisonous waste matter in the system. Such the case is the result of dead foods being taken into the body that cannot be assimilated or eliminated. Foods too high in protein cause indigestion, as do meats of all kind, eggs, fish, and cows’ milk. The use of starchy foods also seriously contributes to intestinal ills and constipation. Acidic blood is one of the results of excess of sugar and starch. Greasy-fried foods are another cause digestive troubles. I-tal living is more than a just way of eating, and is more than dietary and hygienic laws. Living like a Rasta, which is a way of life and not an organized religion, is I-tal living. Along with the idea of a natural and pure way of life, a Rasta lifestyle is inclusive of all aspects health. I-tal Rastas will not put chemicals in their mouth, which are unhealthy, unnatural, and poisonous. I-tal Rastas will not spread and rub chemicals of death onto their body that virtually all “Grooming” products contain.
One of the most toxic killers found in all shampoos and virtually all other “Grooming” products is Sodium Lauryl (Laureth) Sulfate. This toxic killer is actually a harsh detergent that is found in products that “Foam.” It is used in industrial engine degreasers, floor cleaners, water softeners, and auto cleaning products—a very strong and effective degreaser. As a result, its use will dry the skin and hair—striping away natural oils. People who frequently use “Body products” will later suffer from dry skin, balding heads and, at worst, cancer, and premature death!

51

The Rasta Vibration—Living Diet

The reader should be on the lookout for many other toxic chemicals found in daily “Beauty and grooming” supplies. Many are active ingredients in industrial products. (Look for Propylene Glycol found in common body products and know that it is the active ingredient in anti-freeze.) Furthermore, remember that chemical poisons enter our bloodstream through the millions of pores on our skin—our skin breathes!

Reasoning
Rastafari is both a philosophy and a way of life that steadfastly adheres to the laws of nature. Such thinking made manifest by the foods Rastas eat. If the body is a temple, then it should be protected and cared for as such. All things in nature, fruits, vegetables, and herbs are been provided by JAH and should be held sacred. Rastas believe in a concept of One Love. This refers to the belief that we are all one (I and I) and should not hurt any other living thing because we will also unknowingly be hurting ourselves. This concept is at the heart of Rasta deliberation. They all may be One; as Thou, Father, art in Me, and I in Thee, that They also may be One in Us; that the world may believe that Thou hast sent Me And the Glory which Thou gavest Me I have given them, that they may be made One, even as We are One: I in them, and Thou in Me, that they maybe made Perfect in One. (John 17:21-22) This passage illustrates the biblical basis for the concept of I and I. Rastas recognize countless natural and spiritual reasons for avoiding meat. Man was not intended to kill and digest meat. Flesh-eating beasts have long sharp teeth and jaws that only move up and down. Humans have short and dull teeth with jaws that can grind from side to side—like an ape that grinds fruits, nuts, and plants. In addition, flesh eaters secrete a huge amount of hydrochloric acid (much more than humans) that easily digests flesh, bone, feathers, fur, and hair. Humans, like plant eaters, have long intestines—12 times our body length. The intestines of natural carnivores are smooth and short—only 3 times the length of their body, which allow quick passage and digestion. Human intestines have ridges and pockets that hold food for as long as possible—best for a nonmeat diet. Because toxic flesh goes very bad the moment death occurs (gaining bacteria and parasites), it is harmful for meat to be in the body for many days— traveling the long avenues of human intestines. Because fruits and vegetables (Ital foods) do not spoil as fast as meat, they are better digested than meat. As well as avoiding meat, I-tal Rastas avoid processed foods. Processed foods are all embalmed with chemical poisons and, thus, are no longer I-tal. This means that they are no longer natural and certainly not vital. Preservatives, artificial additives, and things of this un-nature are avoided for good reason. “For ye are the Temple of the Living God, as Jah hath also said—present your bodies as a living sacrifice (Romans 12:1), I will dwell in them and walk in them; and 52

In past generations. you eat the essence of what was done to the food. Today’s meat is saturated with negative vibrations! "If ya eat flesh ya becomes a walkin' cemetery. These vibrations will surely stay with us long after a partial digestion. is not good to eat. which are still alive. nah in de body. which are being fed and injected into livestock) that animal meat was much better to eat. Whatever food you eat. storing all dat dead flesh inside of ya." --BONGO ROACH "We know of life becaz we are feelin' life becaz we used ta be dead and we know what life is now. o The author feels that in early times (before this modern day of chemicals and poisons. The real horror comes when the animals. Such a negative life means that extremely negative vibrations have are part of every fiber of their being. What goes around comes around. To eat such meat is to take in the vibrations of the animals’ pain.” Rastas take this passage to heart and assume that whatever they are polluting their bodies with also is polluting JAH. and fear.The Rasta Vibration—Living Diet I will be their God and they shall be my people. Dat supposed ta be buried in de ground. suffering. Spiritual aspects of avoiding meat: Life is a cycle of karma (“What goes around comes around”) Animal meat. Today’s meat is hardly fit to eat. face death at the blades of machines. Meat was also eaten sparingly (in times of need)—not like today’s people—eating commercially processed meat virtually every day. a walkin' tomb. Ya take yah temple and ya make it a burying ground. which has come from animals who have lived their entire lives in cruel dark factories (especially in America) and suffered frightening deaths by machines. These same animals are living in conditions similar to that of slaves (most animals born and die in their same cage) and most are literally insane from their extremely unnatural situation. and death into your own body. we feel de difference. Changin' from dat carnivorous eatin' ta dis 'erbivorous life. We know it and we tell ya about life. a different and proper respect was given to animals and their spirits." 53 .

By eating the second. man has been made to think that he must put fire to his food. we live longer. vibrations comes when life is lived in such a way that our very being radiates positive vibrations from our mother earth. the more this process occurs (known as aging) until. mentally cease living in a rat race. finally. The more a person eats cooked food.The Rasta Vibration—Living Diet –RED To eat purely. and nourishing. is to eat foods that are alive within life’s natural living temperature range. and I-tally. and emit positive feelings. "You got the horse race. The source of the most healthy and vital life is found in eating healing. the new cells produce weaker and weaker cells—weaker than they originally were. living foods made perfect by Jah Ras Tafari! I-tal or completely pure and natural. the cell is too weak to carry its vital functions and dies. There are two essential parts to the I-TAL concept: how our bodies and minds would be if we ate nothing but meat everyday. yes. Death begins when vital enzymes are destroyed at 108 degrees! Even doctors know that when any cell tries to reproduce using broken or dead (cooked) building blocks. we die sooner. through an ancient deception. you got the human race…Oh it's a disgrace to see the human race in a rat race. The process of cooking (including frying. gain health. vitally. which are amino acids and other essential nutrients found in foods. boiling. Rat Living Foods Give Us: Strength & Mind Power! Energy! A 120-Year-Old Healthy Life! . However. who are part of the human race. and. nuts. By eating the first. and grains everyday. how our bodies and minds would be if we ate nothing but fruits. even steaming) food at high temperatures is what kills and destroys the vital elements of the food. vegetables. you got the dog race." 54 -Bob Marley. Imagine Imagine 1. Live in such a way that you. and emit vibrations of death. cleansing. baking. lose health.

The Rasta Vibration—Living Diet Read Dr. as it is the best book ever written on nutritional truth! 55 . Suzar Epps’ book. Drugs Masquerading as Foods.

etc. yet our first love is to the sons of Ham. an earlier follower of Rasta. making scant use of certain animal flesh yet outlawing the use of swine’s flesh in any form. likewise. etc. jealously. on you. resolution to your purpose is the love of Rastafari. guile. 8) Our duty is to extend the hand of charity to any brother in distress. tattooing of the skin. shell fishes. etc. (Brown) 56 . plants.. 7) We are avowed to create a world order of one brotherhood. scale less fishes.secondly to any human. envy. 5) We disapprove and abhor utterly hate. 10) Thou shall give no thought to the aid.. firstly for he is of the Rastafari order . Pagan outlawing all other forms of Pagan worship yet respecting all believers. 4) We love and respect the brotherhood of mankind. 2) We are basically vegetarians. 3) We worship and observe no other God but Rastafari. 9) We do adhere to the ancient laws of Ethiopia. e. snails. pleasures present6) We do not agree to the pleasures of present-day society and its modern evils. cuttings of the flesh.g. listed a 10-point moral code of Rasta: 1) We strongly object to sharp implements used in the desecration of the figure of Man. trimming and shaving. deceit.The Rasta Vibration—Moral Code Sam Brown. treachery. titles and possession that the enemy in his fear may seek to bestow Rastafari. animals.

ETHIOPIA IS DI INCUBATOR OF DI EARTH. who are scattered abroad. Life should be lived and enjoyed by natural means. FOR IN PROPHECY HAS SHOWED DAT IN DIS DAY HE SHALL COME IN DIS NAME. DAT IS SO TERRIBLE AND DREADFUL—RAS TAFARI. The life is to testify of Ras Tafari. The tribe of Judah is the Conquering Lion. I AN I KNOW HISTORY HAS PROVED AND SHOWED DAT ETHIOPIA IS THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION. WHERE LIFE HAS FIRST STARTED TO EXIST FROM…I AN I ALSO KNOW…HAILE I SELASSIE I HE IS ALSO THE FULLNESS OF KING SOLOMON—THE RETURNED MESSIAH TO EARTH DIS DAY. and King David. HIS MAJESTY IS CREATOR FOR DI EARTH. Jesus Christ. –RAS TAWNY RAS Articles of Rasta Faith The remnants of the House of Israel are the Ethiopians. 57 . King Solomon. Dreadlocks and ganja are part of the Rastas religious rite.The Rasta Vibration—Speech Rasta Essence HAILE I JAH RASTAFARI—FOUNDATION OF CREATION. from which came Haile Selassie. I AN I KNOW DAT PROPHECY HAS SHOWED DAT ANYONE WHO REALLY HAVE THE ARC OF THE COVENANT IS REALLY CREATION PURE MASTER AND EARTH RIGHTFUL RULER…I AN I KNOW DAT RAS TAFARI IS REALLY THE HEAD OF EVERY FULLNESS—TRUTH AND RIGHT…GIVE THANKS AND PRAISE TO THE MOST HIGH EVERY TIME.

The Rasta Vibration—Speech

Prelude to Rasta Language—The Speech of Protest
Rasta Brother Wato describes the start of the Jamaican Rasta dialect:

“It just arises in conversation, describing many things. Or several times you have several different types of reasoning and you step up with the words. Now that you have seen that the Chinaman in this country, if him want to destroy you, him can destroy you, and you can stand in his presence and speaking something to destroy you and you can’t know. You can stand in the presence of the Indian man and him speaking something to destroy you and you don’t know. And you have other people here who speak different language and you can be in the midst of them and them speaking something to destroy you and you don’t know. So we, the Rasses, suppose to speak, that here, there and anywhere we find ourselves, we suppose to speak and no one know what we speak beside ourself. That’s how we get to start.” (Chevannes, 166)
Furthermore, the reader should know the following: 1. The Rastaman vibration is the vibration of resistance to the system of Babylon. 2. This resistance is available through Word, Sound, and Power

3. The language of the Rastaman is part of the entire movement’s
conception. Rastaman’s conception is one of reality. Basic words and terms take on new meaning. Such as “Overstand” in place of “Understand” and “Downpress” instead of “Oppress”. Rastafari is word power. Instead of weapons, words are used to solidify ideas and establish justice. The Rastaman uses the power of words to deliver his message. This is evident in Nyabingi drumming, where the sound of the drums convey messages that all can understand. Every sound the Rastaman makes, whether through words or drums, is a message towards truth. Rastas speaks a twist of English because, in colonial Jamaica, the original African language was vanquished over time by the British rule and enslavement. Granted, all the island of Jamaica speak a dialect of English called Patois {Patwah}, but Rastas speak even a sub dialect of Patois. The variation of the Rasta language starts with the replacement of the word Me with I. The personal pronoun “I” is the most important. 58

The Rasta Vibration—Speech

The “I” is the most basic and important element in Rasta speech. In Rasta speech, there is no ME, there is no YOU, and there are no WE or US—there is only I and I. Everyone is an “I,” so there is no need for second person dialog. Selassie is an “I,” and his name becomes Selassie-I. Most would read this “I” as Roman numeral after Selassie. Such as in Selassie-I (the first). Obviously, the Roman numeral I stands for the number one and signifies “The first.” To the Rasta, this I also stands for “I,” as in a person. Rastas always say I (pronounced eye) after Selassie. The same “I” sound is found in the end of the word Rastafar-I. “We don’t make no one a second person. We don’t say ‘I and him’ or ‘us’. We just say ‘I-an-I’ because every person is a first person.” (Chevannes, 211)

“But eyes have they and see not, only Fari could see...” (Rastafari Movement Association, 1976.)

The concept of “Seeing” is a concept in Rasta belief that is unmatched. The eye is the organ of sight. This is why the Rasta and non-Rasta in Jamaican use the popular words “Seen” and “Sight,” as in, “Do you see” or “See it”? For if one cannot “See” (with the eyes, mind, or heart), one cannot come to terms with reality. To “See” something is to accept reality. Take the name of Selassie; the word, sound, and power of “See” comes at the beginning and end of his name. See-las-see. This can be further witness to the truth of Selassie-I as Alpha and Omega—the Beginning and the End. The use of the “I” sound is present in the majority of all Rasta speech. The integration of this sound is found in many words such as the Following: I-tal (vital) I-dren (brethren, which Jamaicans pronounce as bredrin or bredren.) I-ternal (eternal) I-preme (supreme) I-man (me or you) I-ditate (meditate) The list can go on and on and one can see that these I-words are easy to create. 59

The Rasta Vibration—Speech

Clarence, a Jamaican Rasta, explains:

“First there is the Imperial I, who is called Haile-I Selassie-I. Then there is the I-wah (hour), which represents the unending spiritual time of Jah Rastafari. And there is the I-ree, which is the time that all men pass through. And then there is the I, which you will take to mean myself. And there is I and I, which is myself and all the Rasta brethren—and even you. As in Let I and I partake of this I-nscience, which refers specifically to this herb here. Did I tell it too fast for I? It’s easy. This I-nscience lead to good I-ditation, which bring on the I-vinity of a mon…”
It is difficult, if not impossible, to teach any language by explanation only. The remainder of this book is filled with the language of both the Rasta and the average Jamaican by means of dialogs, words, examples, and song lyrics. You will be learning both Rasta speech and normal Jamaican Patois. This book shall allow you near mastery in understanding and speaking the Jamaican language.

The Rastas have contributed more to the Jamaican culture than any other group.

Not everyone in Jamaica is Rasta. However, all people in Jamaica have at least minor associations, either in passing or in person, with Rastas. The general Jamaican population, particularly the youth, have integrated a great deal Rasta lingo into their normal speech and conversations. Since the Rasta culture is the biggest cultural force in Jamaica, the majority of the people in Jamaica have soaked in the common lingo and expressions of the Rasta. Many of the popular Jamaican Reggae musicians are Rastas and, therefore, have employed the language of Rasta. Reggae-Rasta musicians are also icons to the people. The remainder of this book, following parts two (Reggae) and three (Bob Marley) is filled with the speech and the language associated with Jamaica and the Rasta.

60

The Rasta Vibration—Reggae Music

Through Downpression Comes Reggae— The Music of Truth.
Old pirates yes they rob I Sold I to the merchant ships Minutes after they took I from the Bottom-less pit But my hand was made strong By the hand of the almighty We forward in this generation triumphantly All I ever had is songs of freedom Won't you help to sing these songs of freedom? Cause all I ever had redemption songs—Bob Marley, REDEMPTION SONGS

When I remember the crack of the whip My blood runs cold I remember on the slave ship How they brutalized our very souls—Bob Marley, SLAVE DRIVER

It is from the African homeland that the true heritage of Jamaica births itself. Consequently, both the Reggae and Rasta movements are also rooted in Africa. Virtually every Black person in Jamaica can claim direct African-slave ancestry. The Jamaicans living today are the posterity of African slaves who were brought to the Caribbean to work on sugar plantations. Shown above: two famous Bob Marley and the Wailers songs relating to slavery. Shown below: African slaves in Jamaica.

The roots of reggae music date back to slavery times. Planters who celebrated various slave holidays formed orchestras. Their events were filled with a rhythm and a dance that was purely African. A core issue of reggae music stems from the brutality of slavery and colonialism. The rhythms, chanting, and dances have all been maintained in Jamaica since the first slaves arrived from Africa. Current reggae is an extension and a remnant of African music. 61

The Rasta Vibration—Reggae Music Along the same roots. ya know?” -Bob Marley Music 62 . Ya know. di ting dat makes our music so important is our—is the lyrics I tink. reggae music reflects the basic rhythmic influences of Nyabinghi drumming and is considered the “Backbone of Reggae. it becaa some people undastand words. The general society of Jamaica. Yes. Bob Marley had almost no following among African Americans. Jamaica has had a profound effect (mainly because of music) upon the rest of the world. It was not until the rising popularity of Bob Marley.” The traditional drumming of the Rasta Nyabinghi helps to keep the vision of the African homeland alive. But. To the educated “Stoosh” Jamaicans. ya know. was opposed to the new music. Below. anything coming form America. and those who aspired to Babylon. The emerging reggae music was in rebellion to the establishment of the government and was constantly pointing out the obvious injustices of politics and society. Few people know that Reggae music is an imitation and extension of the religious drumming of the Rasta Nyabinghi. it is necessary to understand da lyrics.. ya know. in the beginning of the reggae scene. (See Nyabingi chapter. or even Canada was considered superior. Reggae music.) Interestingly. over a decade later. This ideology and thought process resulted in reggae being the music of the ghetto and was disregarded to all but the poor class of the Black society. it have meaning too. During his lifetime. the U. majority of the world suffa—masses of the people suffa— dis music come from di masses of the people.K. Reggae music is meant to carry a beat this is in protest towards the injustices of politics. which is what the Rasta Nyabinghi was founded upon. But. some people neva got chruu dem sit’ation dehso. But. that the masses finally caught on to the power and depth of the Reggae-Rasta movement and its message. “Reggae is always there. is one of his famous quotes pertaining to his music. is known in many nations as an enjoyable and pure beat. in its various forms.

” The current and popular reggae is called Dancehall Reggae. many reggae artists capitalize in the limelight of the Jamaican-dreadlock-Rasta culture and claim to be Rastas. Surely. It is safe to say that people knowing nothing of Jamaica. Bunny Wailer. will 63 . music all over the developing world was changing to a new beat.” –Alton Ellis (Reggae Star) Jamaica is well known (besides its beautiful beaches) for two things—Reggae and Rasta. Thanks to the influential Bob Marley. Currently. who revolutionized reggae. Rasta-inspired reggae themes became central to the sprouting national consciousness of Jamaica. except for their idea that it is a “Nice Caribbean vacation spot”. The world now knows of Ras Tafari through the dreadlocks of Bob Marley—the one Rasta missionary needed! By the end of the 1950’s. Jacob Miller. which began in 1983. other forms of music would exist in Jamaica. to this day. Third World. Other famous dreadlocked reggae-Rastas. they continue in their progress. “I hope Jamaicans don’t ever forget that reggae is a culture. Jamaica has produced a truly astonishing realm of music. Both of these phenomenons originated in Jamaica. can be felt and understood. All the same.The Rasta Vibration—Reggae Music For a tiny impoverished island that has only been an independent nation since 1962. The musical pressure in Jamaica was based upon the powerful American Rhythm and Blues influence. The most famous of all reggae-Rastas was (and still is) Bob Marley. It’s not just a music. The new music era started with Ska (1960-’66) then to Rock Steady (1966-’68) then to various forms of mainly Rasta developed music named Reggae. During the 1970s. R&B soul music was the music of choice for most all Jamaicans at the time. it is through reggae music that powerful messages. created by us and we must take care of it. and (Islamic non-dreadlocks) Jimmy Cliff.” and music from 1974-1983 is “Roots Reggae. Reggae today. The era of Jamaican music was now beginning. the Rhythm and Blues came to and end and was replaced by Rock & Roll. as we know it. Accordingly. The music from 1969-1974 is called “Early Reggae. Soon. probably would not exist if it had not been for the Rastas—especially Bob Marley. but the vibrations of Ras Tafari were too powerful to be contained solely in Jamaica. The White man’s Rock & Roll era and music were not taken too well in Jamaica. it’s culture belonging to us. were Burning Spear. Peter Tosh. which are about common social injustices. new music was now being created in efforts to imitate the “Soul” sounds and beats found in R&B.

Rasta.The Rasta Vibration—Reggae Music most certainly have some knowledge about any of the following: Bob Marley. Reggae is a very popular sound that is spontaneously generated through experience. It is of one universal heartbeat. has remained the homeland of Reggae and is now enjoying an elite status in the music world. Reggae music. however. which is the reggae capital of the world. and real circumstances. and society of Jamaica. One genre of reggae music is Conscious Reggae. which are contained in genuine reggae. and life-giving music. Many countries play reggae. and broadcast reggae through the radio and TV. and Ganja. 64 . It seems that these topics are almost always associated with Jamaica. life-feeling. apply to all people. whose lyrics deal with important social issues and moral messages. Technically classified as Folk or World Music. host reggae concerts. Dreadlocks. “The Lyrics you can analyze The riddim you must feel” –Ghetto Bard Wayne (Dub poet) Reggae has always been based upon a danceable beat—known as the “Reggae beat”. that these all are part of the history. Even this reggae music is a music made to dance to. emotions. Jamaica. Jamaicans created Reggae to satisfy their social and spiritual needs in a third-world country struggling to survive under the oppressive rule in the White man’s world. The powerful and inspirational messages. It is true. Reggae is a life-loving. It is safe to say that the Rastas were the people who made a name for Jamaica. culture.

The Bob Marley Vibration Part Two: The Bob Marley Vibration 1945-1981 Rasta Prophet And Reggae Legend 65 .

The Bob Marley Vibration 66 .

who fought for a quarter century against the Cheyenne.G. a. Kiowa. underlining the U.k. Army the 9th and 10th Cavalry and the 24th and 25th Infantry. Williams. in the heart of America If you know your history Then you would know where you coming from Then you wouldn't have to ask me Who the heck do I think I am I'm just a Buffalo Soldier In the heart of America Stolen from Africa. then you wanna hand Trodding through the land. 67 . brought to America Said he was fighting on arrival Fighting for survival Said he was a Buffalo Soldier Win the war for America Dreadie.S. when I analyze the stench To me. fighting for survival Buffalo Soldier. fighting for survival campaigners. woe yoe yoe. King Sporty. These units were composed of black privates under the command of white brass. then as now. In the end. brought to America Fighting on arrival. Dreadlock Rasta There was a Buffalo Soldier In the heart of America Stolen from Africa. Dreadlock Rasta Fighting on arrival. yo yo woe yo. fighting for survival Driven from the mainland To the heart of the caribbean Singing. Dreadlock Rasta Buffalo Soldier. yo yo woe yo woe yo yoe (repeat) Buffalo Soldier. Such were the ploys that. government's policy of Manifest Destiny. Dreadlock Rasta Singing." were awarded the Medal of Honor as part of a public relations move to justify and glorify the genocide of Native Americans. Ute. The song recounted the true story of four post-Civil War regiments of the U. woe yoe yoe (repeat) Buffalo Soldier. whom the Indians had dubbed "buffalo soldiers. fighting for survival Said he was a Buffalo Soldier.a. woe yoe yoe. trodding through the land Said he wanna ran. brought to America Fighting on arrival. yea. woe woe yoe yoe Woe yoe yeo yo. woe woe yoe yoe Woe yoe yoe yo. Apache. Comanche. comprised the politics of neutralization. woe yoe yoe. fourteen key black Trodding through San Juan In the arms of America Trodding through Jamaica. a Buffalo Soldier Fighting on arrival. yo yo woe yo woe yo yoe I mean it. and Sioux.The Bob Marley Vibration Buffalo Soldier Co-written by Bob Marley and N.S. it makes a lot of sense How the Dreadlock Rasta was the Buffalo Soldier And he was taken from Africa. woe woe yoe yoe Woe yoe yoe yo. yea Said he was a Buffalo Soldier Win the war for America Buffalo Soldier.

and government that covers the eyes of people and leads the soul astray. his girlfriend’s brother terminated their youthful romance by saying that he did not want. who was a British army captain stationed in Jamaica. We hab no education—we have inspiration. Bob seldom saw his father. Sufferers. Contrary to Bob Marley being a popular Black icon during his prime. Bob was tormented because of his lighter-than-black skin color. as a youth. Bob and his mother believed that Mr. as called by Jamaicans. At one point. Youthful experiences in third-world Jamaica proved to shape his character and develop his heart. As peter Tosh said about Babylon. “Is where dem tell you what is right is wrong. If I was educated I would be a damn fool. Finally. “Baan faddaless. he was left with an elderly caretaker on the streets. before his worldwide fame. Marley was going to enroll him in school. a friend of Bob’s mother recognized the stray youth and reported his situation. It was on the poor city streets during his primary years that he developed the foundation of his character.” 69 . It was through his experiences that he was able to empathize with the world’s sufferers. “No white man screwing up our bloodlines. Nine Mile Jamaica was the birthplace of Robert Nesta Marley. at the age of seven. society.The Bob Marley Vibration The Beginning of a legend Bob Marley was born of a White Father. Cedella Malcolm Marley. are the victims. Upon meeting his father in Kingston. of a corrupted worldly system called BABYLON. and Black Mother. Everywhere is Babylon. Sent off by his mother at the age of five-and-a-half. Captain Norval Sinclair Marley. Bob was then shortly reunited with his mother. neva know mi fadda. Bob was met by his Father in the city. Babylon is the system. my madda wuk 30 shilling a week fi keep mi go to school. instead of going to school.” The young and pre-Rasta Bob Marley.” Babylon is what all Rastas oppose. through no cause of their own. and what is wrong is right.

mi don’t depon [on] nobody’s side. Becaa. did more than any other person or group to introduce Rastafari. Well. Mi depon God’s side—da Man ooo create mi an caaz mi fi come from black and white. why mi don’t have no prejudice ‘bout myself—My fatha is a white and madda black. Now dem call mi a ‘half-caste’ or whateva.The Bob Marley Vibration “Ya know I have no prejudice Ya ‘bout myself. O. Reggae..” Barry Chevannes.M. Photos by Bruce Talamon.” “Robert Nesta Marley. 70 . and Jamaica to the rest of the world. Mi no depon no black man’s side nor di white man’s side. Even in death his influence is still being felt. author of Rastafari.

“Some people still searchin’ fa dis truut here. this section is not meant to follow any actual interview. and di only purpose it a serve is ta tell di people RASTAFARI.” 71 . which dis reggae music yu know bring across ta dem. Since they are just a compilation of his words.The Bob Marley Vibration The Words and Thoughts of Bob Marley This chapter contains actual statements given by Bob Marley.

an who laas loving.The Bob Marley Vibration With chalice in one hand and granddaughter in the other. and Etcetera. I an I bredrin dat tek di soun’ of di Nyabingi outta di ghetto—di akete. Yes. yeh mon. and who laas kissin. I an I are talking ‘bout Bob Marley. speaks of the Legend. friend of bob Marley. Yeh Mon. an tek it and strum it pon di gates—right! An use di walking bass an mek dem stop sing bout girl. 72 . Jah Lloyd. Yu memba Bob Marley? I say if yu memba Bob Marley? “Yes.

start to sing bout di truut!” 73 .The Bob Marley Vibration An him start to sing now.

“WI CUDDEN AFFORD to buy records so wi lissen to di radio—anything di radio play is what yu hear--. an bigga. This is our soul. YU SEE DI WAY I FEEL “DEESE SONGS.The Bob Marley Vibration BOB MARLEY’S WORDS “IT JUST HAPPEN. I can dig “SOMETIME I CAN DIG MUSIC. But. unnastand? I an I listen funky music soul. I was really into like—ya call it “Spiritual music”. but dem kyaan [can’t] do it. Yu know. lyrics important. is not copy do it—is di feel. ‘bout dis music is dat it can be copied.So I wasn’t really into dem tings. it carry a feel. “WELL. if yu explain to a musician dem know it. people undastand dem or dey can kyaan undastand dem—but ya haffi sing dem just di same. an bigga. instrumental music. “MY FEELING ‘BOUT DIS MUSIC. Nobody show us how to play. an bigga and find it’s right people as it get bigga. weh. 74 . Natural music. you know? But. is dat dis music will get bigga. ya know.

But. MON. ya know. Just honesty—that's all. dey don’t want nutten with no protest—it mek too much trouble. 75 . “WELL. “THE SYSTEM “MY MUSIC WILL GO ON FOREVER. di baby would undastand too. Maybe is a fool say that. Him shall come in a new name and his name shall be dreadful among the heathen. Dat mean. Dat mean when mi explain tings. There’s no secret. MAN. So. if I explain it to a baby. That's reggae music. want pure love song. That's what makes it work. AND THE PEOPLE POWER IS RASTAFARI!” “POSITIVE VIBRATIONS.The Bob Marley Vibration “THERE IS NO END TO DIS MUSIC. You listen to what I sing because I mean what I sing. Like ol’ Frank Sinatra. My music go on forever. what mi a say now—like di Bible. mi explain in very simple way. Di Bible say—God say. me can say facts. You can't look away because it's real. “WE WANT SOME PEOPLE POWER. Dis music yu a go put it up ina yu oouse on a plaque cyaard [card] as one of the vehicles dat help to free di people from dis chains and bondage of oppression. No big deal. MI IS A COMMON SENSE MON. when me know facts.

Now dis a di teaching.The Bob Marley Vibration “IF DEM WAAN WIN di revolution. When di truth awaken in you. how one must follow. dem haffi win it wit Rasta. how one must live. Becaz’ if yu win odda way. you can’t do anything but accept di truth. Conquering Lion in the Tribe of Judah and Him shall come in a new name. 76 . Lord of Lords. When ya’a Rasta win—no more war! “YOU CHANGE if yu change from Babylon to Rasta. And his majesty is di only one and di perfect one who do it. yu a go fight again. di fers. Him shall return King of Kings. God say. but you can’t change from Rasta to anything. I’VE BEEN A RASTA “SO DI TEACHING OF HIS Majesty is a truut towards mankind. Yu kyaan win no odda way. Yu do what yu want to do—anything people waan say ‘bout yu. yu don care. Him no make war or nutten—is di teaching yu know. “WELL. Dat means yu is yu own man fram di first time yu own yu’self. and di truut is dat his majesty’s earth’s rightful ruler and dat is Haile Selassie-I. fram eva since. Now dat is di reality of di whole truut. right? Of some who set di example. Becaa di Bible say.

And it come out of the mouth of Rastafari. which was based upon Haile Selassie’s 1968 speech in California. is finally. dis is not religion—dis is life. “ME NOT OF DI WORLD. the West must perish. ya know. which holds one race superior and an other inferior.) “SO DAT IS PROPHECY and everyone know dat is truut. everywhere is war…”(Taken from Bob Marley’s song “War”. It’s devils’ country all right. so. 77 . “I DON’T HAVE A RELIGION YOU KNOW? I am what I am—and I am a Rastaman.The Bob Marley Vibration “Until the philosophy. and permanently discredited and abandoned—well. Me live in the world but I’m not of the world…It’s like Jah say.

The Bob Marley Vibration Devils are people of capitalism and penalism—type of devilism and draculazing. I know what dat is. yu know. I don’t now weh ‘im get alla deese big ideas wanting to be rulas ova people. Freedom mean I must be free with in myself. “WE ARE REVOLUTIONARIES. ya know? Yeh. The only way my mind can be free is when I praise Rastafari. see it? And I don’t care ooo di guy is—becaa my rights is my right. against the system that “FREEDOM to me is when di people unite. Dat mean if I can say. My mind must be free. “IS FI STAND UP AND TALK FI MY RIGHTS. 78 . when I check it out—di biggest man was a baby one time. is like my life. All I have is my life. you know. See it—and help enforce Devilism. “I don’t want dis or I don’t want dat”. So. It’s devil running part of earth. while God in Africa waiting for we to argue that there’s devil running this. but fight it single-handed with music. It’s devil controlling. (Laughing) Kyaan dig it! “MY MUSIC FIGHTS teaches to live and die. I see myself as a revolutionary who don’t have no help and no tek no bribe from no one.

don't give up the fight Most people think great God will come from the sky Take away ev'rything. Stand Up. yeah! Get Up. don't give up the fight Get Up. don't give up the fight Preacher man don't tell me heaven is under the earth I know you don't know what life is really worth Is not all that glitters in gold and Half the story has never been told So. aay Stand up for your right! Come on. Stand Up. we can't give up the fight Stand up for your right. now we see the light We gonna stand up for our right! So you'd better get up. 1973.The Bob Marley Vibration Get up. Get Up. Stand Up. Life is your right So. Stand Up. Stand Up. stand up for your right Get Up. stand up for your right Get Up. Lord Get Up. Lord We know when we understand Almighty God is a living man You can fool some people sometimes But you can't fool all the people all the time So. Lord. Stand Up. stand up for your right Get Up. Keep on struggling on Don't give up the fight! We're sick and tired of your ism and skism game Die and go to heaven in Jesus' name. Stand Up. Stand Up. stand up. and make ev'rybody feel high But if you know what life is worth You would look for yours on earth And now you see the light You stand up for your right. Stand Up.) Get Up. Stand Up (By Bob Marley and Peter Tosh. stand up for your right Get Up. don't give up the fight Get Up. Stand Up. stand up for your right 79 . now you see the light.

Stand Up.The Bob Marley Vibration Get Up. don't give up the fight. 80 .

na’mean? “I MUST PICK A PLACE IN ERT weh I know I must live. I must live weh my fadda is. and my fadda live in Ethiopia. Chinee. I come to conquer. I like to see mankind live together—Black.The Bob Marley Vibration “I REALLY don’t have no ambition yu know? I only have one ting dat I really like fi happen. “DAT IS DI FUTURE. White. any one. Rasta is di future. And I know I waan live near my fadda. So. seen? I don’t come to bow.” 81 .

” –1983 Professor Leachchim Tafani Semaj. Natural Mystic (1977) “Marley may or may not have been the saint some have portrayed him to be. in which ancient prophecies are now being fulfilled! It is only a matter of time before the world will be either united or destroyed. the prophecies and predictions. The battle has begun and it is in its awakening stages. We must also realize that these are the Last Days. all point to the latter. We must look forward as did Marcus Garvey. Many more will have to die.The Bob Marley Vibration The future of Rasta “Unless other individuals who share the vision of Rastafari begin to contribute to the development of a social theory. It is unquestionably up to us to look forward and realize that the power is in the FAR EYE—Ras Tafari! “Many more will have to suffer. which are in the Bible. Marley may gave been a shrewd businessman. we will find that the next fifty years of Rastafari will show some trends which will be best described as backward or even stagnant.” –Bob Marley. a sharp dealer. 4 (1983): page 30. Don’t ask me why. no. He may have been the most honest man in music.” Caribbean Quarterly 26. He may have 82 . “The Rastafari: From Religion to Social Theory. Unfortunately.

He may have been a prophet or just another minstrel with a knack for a deep sounding song.”—Ian McCann (Author) It was in this house (below left). Robert Nesta Marley. which was the largest funeral ever on the island. Nine Mile is owned and operated by Bob's family.The Bob Marley Vibration been a womanizer. Cedella Marley Booker.com> Bob Marley died at the age of 36. In May of 1981. He died from the culmination of melanoma cancer. What does matter is the music. The music speaks for itself.M. It was a day of national mourning as the entire Island of Jamaica overlooked their prophet’s funeral. in Nine Miles Jamaica. Visitors can come to the house and tour the area by making arrangements with Bob’s Mother. While on tour in the U. or he may just have had a lot of love to give. Just prior to his death he was awarded Jamaica’s Order of Merit. he died in a Miami Hospital. which is the country’s third highest award of recognition The Hon. O. It really doesn’t matter any more.. The same house is also his humble resting place where a mausoleum has been made (below right). Contact Bob’s Mom at her Email: <cmbe@msn.S. 83 . he was taken ill for several months. was given an official Funeral by the Jamaican people. that Bob Marley was born.

“The ROCKIN’. RASTAFARIAN REGGAE MOVIE!” 84 .The Rockers Movie Exclusive Part Three: The Reggae-Rasta Vibration ROCKERS proudly maintains its status as the alltime best REGGAE-RASTA movie.

The Rockers Movie Exclusive 85 .

In real life. This filming of the opening scene involved having to hike on footpaths to the lush tropical hermitage of Higher. which was played by Ras Michael and the Sons of Negus. Jamaica. eat anything that has been killed. Authentic Nyabingi drumming backed up the song. Because he is an ultimate Rasta. or drink anything but spring water. Higher lives a holy Rasta existence in the hills above Montego Bay. Higher’s preparations actually healed the movie soundman of a severe skin allergy.The Rockers Movie Exclusive The opening scene of Rockers was shot at the hut of Elder Ashley ‘Higher’ Harris in a remote location high in the hills of Jamaica. Ras Michael and the Sons of Negus. Higher greets the audience in the opening scene with a set of outrageouslymatted dreadlocks—they have even taken shape of a rug in the back The opening scene was filled with penetrating ganja smoke created from a Rasta Chalice. he does not cut or comb his hair. 86 . the Abyssinians. and the film crew were tightly trucked in Higher’s hut playing the song Satta Amasagana. Rastas are known for their herbal healings and during the movie.

To one and all. Knowing that in dis world. The ways of di ONE solve di problem in the heights of I coverage in full. So it is I-rey. and people will voice the decision of I heights that shall free everyone—liberate fully everywhere. Loveful heights. war explosive. in I presence. I-preme coverage of I heights. Love for everyone everywhere. 87 . It is just known that the cooperation of all tounge. everyone just cooperate with the love of I heights to survive. So.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Greetings and love. color. by so doings now.

the Rastaman’s expressions and words are based on visible truth. Many words. The I – Me.” Such as the following: I-mon – Me. are descriptive words that have deeper meaning and roots. To many “Educated” people. 88 . myself. I an I – Me. Comes from the biblical word “Brethren. A hard-paying man is a type of expression used to describe an individual’s business and street skills. A hard-paying Rasta.” The Rastaman does not fear the “Educated” because he knows that his words will be felt as a vibration. I-ya – Me. The Rastaman says what he says in his own way only because it is the way he feels. one who is very proficient and skillful in being paid. The basic element of Rasta speech is the use of the “I. myself. and I. myself. A true Rasta word for bredrin becomes I-dren. When something is done ‘Hard’.The Rockers Movie Exclusive The reader should know and remember that many languages and dialects (especially the Rasta dialect) consist of mainly of feelings and expressions rather than correctness of use—like in “Formal” English. Rasta – A common term for someone with dreadlocks. I-rey or Irie – State of happiness.” Also spelled and pronounced Bredren or Brejrin. Also can be the other person. and I. it is said in its plural and can be said towards one or more people. Rasta slang is the most unique and interesting aspect of spoken Jamaican Patois. Nevertheless. and I. myself. “Rough. it is done well. a hard-paying man. Rasta speech is considered being. Di mon –The person spoken of. hence. A good-negotiating Rasta. which you will come to know later in the Speak Jamaican section. Also can be the other person. and very informal. In this case. and I. Ah hahd-pea-en Rasta. vulgar. Bredrin – A greeting and calling to one in friendship.

Man? Bwoy. can you take two hundred? Two hundred? I-mon a hold dat still. I am have no money you know. In the movie. H: T: H: T: H: Wha’ppun? The mon hab ebbyting deh. Rasta? What’s up? Do you have everything here. the I can hold two hundred? Well. Two hundred? Sure. mi no hab di full three hundred dolla. In the movie (and also in real life). Nothing Horse. The following is taken from the movie’s first dialog. his challenges also become his greatest adventure. Leroy “Horsemouth” Wallace is a talented Reggae-Rasta drummer. H: Wha’ppun Trusty? What’s up Trusty? T: Nutten Horse. Man. I’ll take that. Well.The Rockers Movie Exclusive The main character of the ROCKERS is Horsemouth. Trusty. yu know Rasta. Bwoy Trusty. yu know. I don’t have the entire three hundred dollars. mi broke yu know. Rasta. 89 .

So . Rastaman. right now yu is a hard-paying mon. Tank yu hear sa. which is society’s materialistic concept of time. Rastaman. Slang words used: I-man a hold dat still. Rastas replace the word “Later”. which is more based on eternal and spiritual progression 90 . yu know! Rememer. with the word “Forward”. Mi pay di man faawad. keep. mon. one has it and is keeping it. yu know! Memba. H: I-mon a look ova dat. T: H: Seen—I. I want fifty parcent of yu hear sa. So. Mi pay di man faawad.don’t worry about that Trusty. right now. Thank you sir. When one literally holds something. no bodda worry ‘bout dat Trusty. I want fifty percent of this. This word is used commonly in Jamaica in place of the above words. to hold means to take. and possess. you are a good money dealer.The Rockers Movie Exclusive T: Bwoy. Man. I will see to that. Ok—I see. Thus. I will pay you later.

The Rockers Movie Exclusive Wa yu waan money fi do? What do you need money for? The word ‘Waan’ is in accent for the word ‘Want’. weh mi and Tommy. do you remember about the money you said you were going to give me? Harry: But Rasta. di man no know ‘bout di session business. Rasta—wha’ppun? Right now you know that I’m broke. Horsemouth: Harry: Horsy: Wha’ppun Harry? How’s it going Harry? Wha’ppun Horsy? What’s up Horsy? Right now. now yu waan see mi broke now. and Bobby. memba ‘bout di money ya’a say ya’a go gi’mi Rasta? Hey. man—what’s up? Horsy: Wha’ppun. Rasta. It also means to ‘Need’. and 91 .

Rasta! Let me tell you. you don’t know about the session music business. anytime I do something it is to the maximum. Anytime mi a dweet. Marquis.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Marquis a write a tune fi go in a studio. Rasta. Bobby. what do you need the money for? Rasta. But. where Tommy. I am going to buy a bike! Harry: Horsy: Wa ya go do wid di bike? What are you going to do with the bike? Mi a jus go distribute it Rasta. and I have to write a tune to get to go into the studio. But. mi a dweet hard now. Mi a sell recaad—ya na see it? 92 . yu know Rasta? But man. Wa yu waan di money fi do. Horsy. mi a show yu. I know that from a bigger source. man. Rasta—so jus gi’mi di money mon! You bought two Bunny Wailer LP’s. you don’t know about the business—I only get 20 dollars on the side. mon. you know? Harry: Di man no know bout di bizness—a 20 dolla a side I an I a get. Horsy. man! I know dat—so just give me the money! Harry: Horsy: Harry: Horsy: A ooo tell di mon dat? Who told you dat? Mi know dat from bigga source. Rasta! Mi know dat. mi a go buy a bike. yu know Rasta? But Rasta. yu know man? Horsy: The man payed two LP Bunny Wailer.

seen. I will lend you the money. man. you are my brother. Man. yu know say? An true progress di man a deal wid. Rasta.The Rockers Movie Exclusive ‘Ca. I am just going to be distributing. I don’t like how the business is run. you see? Horsy: Harry: Horsy: Harry: Yes. right now. I am here. Are you cool now? Harry: Horsy: Tommy: Yes mi brejrin—I-rey. I will sell records—you see? Because. What’s up? Bwoy. you know? And it is true progress that you deal with. Di man cool now? Take this. right now. seen? I an I support dat to di fullness. Yes. Harry: A jus true. Control dis [Handing a coil of money]. Yes man—great. all right. seen? That is right. True. yu a mi bredrin. Tommy. 93 . mi no like how di man dem a gwaan wid di bisness. Ok. An only yu mi caan check pon. I. You are the only one I can check with for money. mi dehya. Mi a go lend yu di money. Wha’ppun? Tommy. I’ll support that to the max.

right now see mi a go buy a bike pon di bisness! Man! Right now. A bigger source is another person who possesses confidential information. God be with you. Means that what was said is correct and acknowledged. Slang used: Mi know dat from bigga source. To do something hard is to do something the best you can. Mi a dweet hard. 94 . mi say bwoy. (Dweet = do it. I will go buy a bike at the place of business! Bobby: Love Jah.) A jus true. boy. Control dis.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Horsy: Rasta. To “Control this” means to simply take charge of it.

behave yu’sef now. Horsemouth] H: M: H: Wha’ppun Magie. M: Come. Nutten. Yu got no food deh? Do you have any food? 95 . Magie is sitting down feeding her three children just before Horsy comes home. [Enter daddy. Pick up yu dinna an eat it! Come Mikey. gwaan an eat now. Eat up yu dinna.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Yu neva know mi a come fi dinna? You didn’t know I was coming to dinner? The following is the third dialog from the Rockers movie. The charcacters are Horsemouth and his common-law wife Magie. yu belly full? Aright.

put them on the bed. Stop juming on the bed now. Magie. M: Yu mean yu a tinking about dat foolishness to buy a bike? 96 . Yu neva know mi a come fi dinna? You didn’t know I was coming to dinner? No fooling. I’m serious (seer-ous). put dem pon dem bed mon. Wa! Yu hab no food Magie. man. H: Magie. what happened to the money you said you would give me? I want to buy a bike you know. ‘Tap jump pon di bed now! Magie.The Rockers Movie Exclusive M: H: M: H: M: H: No. I didn’t know you were coming to dinner. mon? Mi waan fi buy di bike yu know. mon? Mi neva know say yu a coming to dinna. put dem pon dem bed mon. Magie. wha’ppun to di money yu a say ya give mi.

Set me up! I’m good! H: M: Aright. Look ‘ow long mi a live and yu still so selfish ‘mongst I. I am going to give you that money. I gwaan gi yu dat money. Becaa I know yu a go broke yu neck off it! Alright. Look how long we’re together and you’re still so selfish. but I gwaan see what yu gwaan tek dat motabike and do. Because I know you will break your neck from it! H: Broke mi neck? I-mon gwaan be di hardest salesman around town. 97 . Not because I promised you. Yu know ‘ow lang mi a live and yu a move selfish ‘mongst I-mon? Mi no like how yu gwaan so selfish yu know. Set mi up mon! Mi I-rey mon! You know how long I’ve lived and you moved so selfish amongst me? I don’t like how you go on so selfish you know. but I am going to see what you will do with that motorbike.The Rockers Movie Exclusive H: M: Wa ya mean foolishness? We hab more important tings fi tink bout right now dan to buy a motabike. Not becaa I promise yu.

bye bye. Don’t feel bad. Wha’ppun Magie? Ya na go work. Don’t feel no way. Aright. Good. cool. mon. good.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Bwoy mi dawta. Na vex. strictly. no joke business! Break my neck? I will be the best salesman around town. I like how you setting me up with the money you know. Mi I-rey. mon. mi like how yu set mi up you know. cool. mon? What’s up Magie? You’re not going to work? 98 . mon. strictly. Don’t be mad. yu hab yu lunch money? Yes daddy. I am happy. no joking! M: H: M: Yes. Cool. +The Next Morning+ The Next Morning H: K: H: H: [Speaking to kids] Wha’ppun.

mon. mon. I know what I am doing. I have no money. M: Ya know wa ya do afta yu tek alla di money an buy bike? And how know ya gwaan lose more money dan what yu earn? And den drop offa dat bike! Do you know what your going to do after you’ve taken all of the money to buy a bike? And how do you know if you’re going to lose more money than what you earn? And then drop off of that bike! H: Cha! Whatever! 99 . they ask me for food! M: H: Mi know mi a deal wit. Moreover. Moreova. dem aks mi fa food! Cool? The youth don’t ask you for food. Stay calm. Cool? Di yuut dem no aks yu fa no food. You took all of the money to buy a bike. mon. Mi a go mek it. Mi hab money. mon! Jus cool.The Rockers Movie Exclusive M: Mi na work today. mi na hab no money. H: Wha cha Magie. I am not working today. I will make it. mon. Cool. Yu tek all a di money an buy bike.

Rasta. JT: Well. don’t pay full street price! H: JT: H: Wha’ppun Jah Tooth? I-rey Horsemouth. I-rey. Jah know. At the place of Business. Hear this. see one nice skate yah weh wudda suit yu. This section shows and proves that shrewd bargaining skills are needed to avoid getting ripped off. my drummer. If you go to Jamaica. I havn’t seen you for a long time.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Pon di bizness. Well. I-mon wanna buy a bike yu know. Lang time mi no see you. Watch yah. this skate (skate is slang for bike) here would suit you. I want to buy a bike you know. 100 .

Horsemouth. so hear—seven hundred will do it. that is true. 101 . man. di I. Irie. Jah Tooth. Horsy. That’s true. yu muss caan pay dat.The Rockers Movie Exclusive F: [A dreadlocks friend comes in on the scene to help in the sale] Irie. What! I don’t have that amount of money. man. A one day juggle dat mon. not even tree months old. Wa! Mi no hab dat amount a money. Dutty Harry. H: JT: Five hundred dolla I-mon have. Yes. mon. JH: Yes. This bike here you can get for seven hundred dollars. A true. dis bike yah yu can get fi seven hundred dolla. man. I. I. F: JT: H: JT: H: F: JT: Eight hundred wi dida a sell it fa. Rasta. Yes. Horsy. Yes. jus come wit seven hundred dolla mon. you must can be able pay this. You can make that in one day. true. It’s a good bike! What are you talking about man? This bike is not even three months old. Rasta. Wa! Seven hundred? Yes Horsy. good bike mon! A good bike! Wa yu a chat say mi bredjrin? A good bike. We were going to sell it for eight hundred. so wa—a seven a dweet now mon. man. Jus come wit seven mon. I-ya. Yes.

I bet ‘im hab more money dan dat. Toothy. He has more money in there. JT: DH: [Giving Horsy the key] Gwaan! I-mon gonna ride. give me the key. How do you like to search up a man so? I have no more money. Gweh! [In a friendly and teasing tone. gi mi di key now. Toothy. okay. Just mek mi hold pon dat. I want you to know that. Go away! Search ‘im leg now. Rasta. Rasta! Aright now. Yu a ginnal. Search his leg now. Rasta? Mi no hab no more money. seen. H: F: JT: I-mon no hab no more money mon. I told you already. I am going to ride too.] You are a trickster.The Rockers Movie Exclusive F: A more money ina dat yu know. Just let me keep it with this. okay. Mi tell di mon areddi. cool out. I-mon waan di man know dat.] How di I like search up mon so. I bet he has more money than that. 102 . All right now. H: [The friend is now searching Horsy’s leg. seen.

All this time you have only wanted to get a ride from me! DH: [Jumping on the bike] I-mon a yu key bredrin—yu fi know dat! I am you best friend—you should know that! H: Key bredrin. di man naa ride pon my bike! No. All di while di man waan ride pon my bike! You will not ride on my bike. wha cha! Best friend. whatever! Dirty Harry catches a ride with Horsy’s new “skate”. you will not ride on my bike! Selassie-I know dat? Does Selassie-I (God) know that? Di mon naa ride pon my bike.The Rockers Movie Exclusive H: DH: H: No. 103 .

H: Hey Jah Wise. Gosh! [He sees Jah Wise] D. Paint me a Lion of Judah.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Paint di I a Lion of Judah. Several Rasta “Bredren” are also present. Horsy and Dirty Harry enter the backyard of Jah Wise.] DH: H: DH: Di bike yah got weight. Jah Wise! 104 . Rasta! You are going on like you haven’t eaten since morning. [Pushing the bike. yu know. you know! Di I a gwaan like yu no eat fram mannin’. Rasta! Wa di man deal? I an I eat breakfast fram mannin.’ Cho! What are you saying? I ate breakfast this morning. Rasta! The bike here weighs a ton.

di fers! Jah. lion of Judah fi I. Listen to me now. wa yu now a deal with. brother. the first! God. Rasta. Chalice mi I-mon. seen? I will sit down. Rasta. man. ({Pyur hi grade!}) Give me the chalice. ({Pure high grade!)} Horsy lights up the Chalice.The Rockers Movie Exclusive JW: DH: Yeh wha’ppun? Selassie-I. JW: DH: JW: H: Roots. Sure. mon. I’ll come over there soon. Rasta? Selassie-I. DH: 105 Wha’ppun Jah Razza? (Clasping hands) . what are you up to now? H: Hear mi now mi bredrin. You know that you are awesome. Yu know say di man a haad [hard] yu know. but wudda like di man do wa—Just paint on sup’m good pon yah [tapping on the side of the gas tank]. but I would like for you to do this—just paint on something good here—a lion of Judah for me. I an I a sit in. Rasta. okay? Mi skip back weh deh. Rasta.

I-man a go up pon di hustle out on the forward. I am going on a hustle (business) throughout the country. yu hear I now? Roots. Rasta. get the chalice up there from Horsy. Horsemouth! Give me the chalice! Jah Razza. see it? So hear me out now. tek dat chalice up deh. I would like di I fi do wa— just paint up a lion up fi I. Rasta Far-I. I would like you to paint me a lion. 106 . Jah Wise paints a Lion of Judah on the tank. sight? And a flag. JR: DH: H: JW: H: Jah Jah! Far-I. sight? So hear I out now.The Rockers Movie Exclusive What’s up Jah Razza? JR: DH: Jah Jah. Horsemouth! Chalice! Jah Razza. okay? And a flag. Selassie-I! (Passing the chalice) Jah Wise.

The Rockers Movie Exclusive JW: H: JW: H: JW: H: Irie. Rasta. Rasta. ya know? 107 . I-mon wanna flag. sight? I want a Lion of Judah marked on it. I-mon waan Lion of Judah mark pon it. you know? Hustling Dirty Harry! DH: JR: Yu hustle like rain drops! Humble thy self and Jah Jah will guide I an I. sight? Roots. Rasta. For I am a hard (excellent) salesman out there. yu know true? Hustling Dirty Harry! All right. For I-mon a haad salesman out deh. all right? Seen. Rasta. Seen. okay. I see it.

Rasta. Why yu hangle I so? Cha! What? Damn! I am just asking you for some business. H: R: H: Wha’ppun Jack Ruby? Yu bumbo-claat dehya. He was the most famous Jamaican reggae music producer in the 70’s. Why do you handle me in such a way? Damn! [Horsy leaves the studio and later follows Jack Ruby] 108 . The main character of this scene was the real-life reggae-record producer. This scene begins with Horsy entering Jack Ruby’s studio in Ocho Rios.The Rockers Movie Exclusive I just beg di man a hustling. rest. Jack Ruby (Laurence Lindo). mon! (Cursing at Horsy) You ass there. leave me alone! Wha? Cha! I-mon just a beg di man a hustling. I am begging you for business.

you know! R: I-ya. mi waan do delivery work fi di I! Anyway. you know when I mix a piece of music you can’t disturb me. yu no see it? And mi know say di I are di hardest produca—yu hear right? So right now wa. right now I want to do delivery work for you! 109 . di mon know when I-ya mix piece a music I-ya.The Rockers Movie Exclusive R: H: Wha’ppun Horsemout? What’s up Horsemouth? Mi no like how di I hangle me lickle while. yu know come deal di I ‘bout? Right now recaad mi a sell! Rasta. don’t you see? I know that you are the best producer—you hear that? So. Di mon no know how it go? Man. di mon kyaan disturb I. you know why I came? Right now I am selling records! Rasta. ya know. Rasta! I didn’t like how you handled me a little while ago. Don’t you know how it goes? H: Anyway.

Di man no member. a’right. 110 . you owe me money for the last session? R: H: R: Oh. Jack Ruby? I am the best out there. I-ya.The Rockers Movie Exclusive R: Di man really feel him can sell up recaad. Jack Ruby. from that Friday? Yeh! Mi a go mek di mon hab it now. di I owe I-ya money fi di lass session. Hear wa. all right. I will let you have your deal. I’ll let you have it now. Don’t you remember. Rasta. Horsemouth? H: A wa do yu. man. Okay? H: Yeh mon! Hold on. Right? Well. Mi go give di man 25 cents per album. Yes! Hold on. I mek di mon hab him deal. Rasta! R: Well. Horsemout? Do you really feel you can sell up records. I will give you 25 cents per album. hear what will happen. wa yu mean mon? Mi a di hardest out deh. di Friday deh? Oh. Rasta! What do you mean.

Irie. Yes man. Rasta. Just hold dis small. Rasta? Good. so. hear what—I am busy now. mi bredrin! 111 . Hey. do you love my transport here? Yeh. Well. you know! R: H: Well. true yu no know! It has a lot of fire. hear wha’ppun—I busy now. Wa.The Rockers Movie Exclusive H: R: H: True. I.] Yu know got a lot a fiah yu know. so. di man love I-mon transport deh. [Small is an old slang term for money. love. Just hold these bills. good-bye.

Music di I must play. mon! You are the best drummer. Rasta! I know that. Rasta. he sees his friend. the big boys’ are controlling the record business and so. Brother! Right now you need to see what I’m doing—distributing work. yu know. di big bwoy dem control di recaad business and wa— mi haffi do sup’m bout it. man. but damn! Right now. I have to do something about it! 112 . You must play music! H: I-mon a know dat. Rasta. who is a fellow musician.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Big Youth (Jah Youth) As Horsemouth rides his transport in the city streets. but wa cha! Right now. H: Y: H: Wha’ppun Jah Youth! Selassie’s Son! I-dren! Right now yu waan see mi I-dren do wa—a distributing work mi a do. Y: The I are di haadest drummer. Big Youth.

At this point. but also by pleasure.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Y: Wa! Dat’s why yu must play di drum and blow di big guys mind. 113 . Trust me. Horsy falls in lust with a young beauty named Sunshine. Soon. Horsy’s mission is fueled not only by money. mon. What! That’s why you must play the drum and blow the big guys’ mind. Truss mi mon. This section concludes the first quarter of the movie and summarizes Horsemouth’s mission. H: Layta mi bredrin. however.

mi tell yu say yu look well cultured. A true? Waa. H: S: H: S: H: S: H: Wha’ppun daughta? Wha'ppun. Jah know. Hmmmmmn ☺ All dis ting (touching her necklace) mi love alla dem ting. yu know say a laang time I-man no see yu. S: 114 . sa? Bwoy. ya know? Yeh mon.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Sunshine Sunshine is a beautiful girl that Horsy meets during his great adventure. Horsy lights up a spliff and Sunshine approaches.

…Come deal with di I personally. Rasta? Why yu dehya gwaan so? Cha! H: 115 .) Yu know see di I play wid di band. green and gold. sight? But my fadda—(Yells are heard from her father looking for her) Sunshine! Where are you? Yu old man dat? Sunshine! Get away fram ‘im. All di way from di city I-man a come to check fi yu.The Rockers Movie Exclusive H: Wa’cha (Looking at her dress) I-tes. Look yu mudda fucka! Why yu like hold up man fa? S: H: S: Father: H: F: H: F: I don’t like yu dreadlocks bwoy shitting ‘round my daughter. Jah know. Hmmmmmn ☺ Go somewhere with di I dis night. (The father pushes Horsy on the ground.

ROCKERS is the original vibration of the Reggae-Rasta culture. 116 . I an I is peaceful Rasta man. The movie remains a true classic.The Rockers Movie Exclusive [After the father walks away with Sunshine. if it no fa di lickle daughta deh. I don’t steal. preferably on DVD. For I an I know wa—-I an I know dat alla di yuut shall witness di day dat Babylon shall fall! This ends the ROCKERS movie preview. cheat—-yu see it? I-mon serve (takes off his hat and flashes his dreads--see photo above) Selassie-I continually! No matta wa di weak heart say. Only by purchasing your own copy of the movie. I-mon a mash up di baldhead bredda deh! Jah know. can you capture more vibrations of the Rastaman and see the last half of the movie. Horsy stands up and speaks words of pure Rasta visions. And not even di dog dat piss ‘gainst di wall of Babylon shall escape his judgement. And I know dat I an I is like a tree dat plant by di river of waata.] Yu see. but wa--I an I do wa--don’t deal wit violence.

everybody was interested and wanted to be in the movie. I ended up visiting Jamaica and was a fan of Jimmy Cliff from the movie. through a friend in New York.” Initially. but also we were going to be documenting a time that was the epitome—the apex—of reggae in its purest most beautiful form. Summer of 2002. From there. I’m so old that you know that would take a long time. Zuke: Hulsey: It seemed that your timing was perfect for the making of the best reggae movie of all time! Yeah! We were lucky and things just seemed to happen. I made some documentary movies in Central and South America. I call this time period the Golden Age of Reggae. which was one of the inspirations for making Rockers. “I want to make this movie. but we didn’t know that we were not only going to make a feature film. The Harder They Come. Unfortunately. And the musical scene down there is very close knit—everybody 117 . So we got together and he said. there was so much interest in Jamaica among some of the wealthier people in Jamaican and other New York investors that we ended up expanding it into a feature film. but after our many meetings with people. it was going to be a documentary about the whole reggae scene down there. The mid to the late 70’s was so fertile and had so many great people. Ted wanted to make a film— he had been hanging out with a lot of the Kingston [Rasta] musicians. The more people we met there. It was a very special time and we kind of knew it then. Ted Bafaloukos. [Laughs] I lived in New York since 1971 and was involved in the film scene since the 70’s. Zuke: Hulsey: So Rockers started as a documentary? Yes. We created a storyline and that’s how it began. Zuke: Hulsey: How did you come about going to Jamaica and what happened there? I went down there on vacation and ended up owning a house with some people in Montego Bay. which were almost legends then in their own time.The Rockers Movie Exclusive Interview with Patrick HulseyProducer of Rockers the movie. you know. We kept making visits and meeting people down there and got to know some of the Kingston legends. Soon. a lot of them aren’t with us anymore. This is when I got started in film. I met the director of Rockers. Zuke: Hulsey: What is your background? Well.

But the reggae people. it coincided that Bob came back to the island. singers know each other and play on each other’s stuff. We shot the movie in the summer of ’77 and when we came back in ’78. Zuke: Hulsey: I was going to ask you—Did you try to get Bob Marley in the movie? We hadn’t really approached him or anything. Bob Marley was shot in the arm and he left the country. to do the musical score. And this is a concert were virtually everyone who is anyone in the reggae scene played at [Jamaica’s] International Stadium. So. Zuke: Hulsey: Did anything of significance happen with ROCKERS when Bob Marley came back? He organized the Peace Concert. I’m sure there would have been some involvement on his part and things would have been different if he were around but he wasn’t there. where able to transcend that—but not entirely. All the producers. But. kind of in exile at that point. the prime minister (Manley) and the opposition leader (Seaga) were there. Zuke: Hulsey: When were you there? We were there in 1976 during some scouting. which is always a violent time. In December of that year there was an election. 118 . at least to some degree. The Peace Concert was about getting peace between the two political factions in the country. they were gone. Zuke: Hulsey: Was it safe in Jamaica in the 70’s? It was [and still is] a very violent scene—having to deal with the politics of the country.The Rockers Movie Exclusive knows everybody. There’s two political parties there…your on one side or the other. The highlight of the concert was when Bob Marley got them to shake hands live on stage. So that is one thing missing from the movie—that is the Bob Marley crew because they weren’t there! In ‘77. musicians.

the street and ghetto scene were all kind of wrapped up together. Not that I’m trying to take credit for the peace concert. Zuke: Hulsey: What is your position on ganja as the religious rite of the Rasta? Well. but it certainly was the most magnificent thing I’ve ever seen. There isn’t priesthood and a heirarchy—somebody that has to be in between you and God. As the producer. Peter Tosh. You know. crew. but you know. to see Bunny Wailer. it was somewhat scripted. Because when we were doing it. that was credited to Bafaloukos. that was really interesting. Bob Marley. We figured out that there is like five minutes of total time during the film that there is no music either in background or somewhere—there is always this great reggae music going on! Zuke: Hulsey: How did you choose the Rockers Movie music score? Really. Zuke: Hulsey: What was the key element that makes all viewers of ROCKERS feel the energy and vibration of the Rastaman? I have to give all credit to the director Ted Bafaloukos. Jacob Miller. finances. Every Jamaican thinks they’re a star—from the tiniest kid to the oldest grandma! So all these guys: the political scene. Rastafari is more direct. You’re allowed to interpret things on an individual basis and so it’s not so dogmatic like many religions are. even though they have certain tenants and beliefs with ganja as their sacrament. I think that this is what gave it that real and true depth that everybody feels. The other thing that I think makes ROCKERS great is that there is music—constant music. Gregory Isaacs. A lot of people have said that they thought part of the process of what brought about the peace movement was the making of ROCKERS. He was the director and took care of details and decisions like that. And he let them improvise a bit. I think Rasta. As far as them using ganja. Not sort of be “Actors” or try to be actors. my job was like unto a Shepard over the flock. He was brilliant— smart enough to let these guys really be themselves. is a freethinking man’s religion. and safety of everyone involved.The Rockers Movie Exclusive So. the musical scene. I find it fascinating the way that the whole Rastafarian spiritual movement developed—I wouldn’t even call it a religion because I think it would be denigrating in a way. The flock was the cast. You know they’re not acting but like going through there daily lives. they were already bigger than life! So the thing was that they were themselves—they didn’t even use different names! Even the dialog. I think they should be 119 . Big Youth. It was kind of like a lot of the political violence just stopped—because everyone was trying to be involved in being in the film. everyone wanted to be involved in the film. you just say this how you would say it. and Dennis Brown—Just everybody performed that day.

Rastafari is not for me. But. Zuke: Hulsey: What were your first impressions of the Rastas and their dreadlocks? I always liked the dread hairstyle. It’s quite something to live in nature the way he does. Higher was great. a Jamaican friend of mine introduced Higher to us. But. I don’t think Rasta is about that. The Jamaican social ladder is very stratified and has to do. Zuke: Hulsey: Are you Rasta yourself? No. Zuke: Hulsey: Tell me about the dread with the matted hair like a carpet—Ashley “Higher” Harris. This friend introduced me to Higher who lived as a hermit in the hills above Montego Bay. Their speech and 120 . Zuke: Hulsey: How did the general population of Jamaica treat the Rastas? They were always persecuted. They used to be referred to as the “Black Heart Man”. and not trying to get people to think their way. [Laughs] Well. due to the reggae music. including people in America.The Rockers Movie Exclusive able to do that. Even you may think so in the music. Rastas aren’t really out to gain converts. including Jamaicans. obviously. we related to the long hair as form of protest and statement. the Rastas were basically always persecuted and many of them went to the hills and certain tenement yards to live. it goes beyond that for Rastas. The American Indians had a peyote-based religion. they became the cultural standard bearers. Rastas are a very unique set of people. I came out of the 60’s and 70’s when we had our hair very long. They are not like the Christians who go out trying to get everybody to be a Christian. So. who have made it a way of life and I think that is great. God put these things on the earth for man’s use. We shot some test film while visiting Higher and knew that he would be great to have in the movie to represent the “Elder Rasta”. the music is really about praising Jah. there is also the skin color factor where the lighter-skinned people think they are above those of the darker skin. But. but I know many people. Every one has the right to use them—they shouldn’t be prohibited or proscribed. Rastafari. But. [Both of us laugh]. I remember going up there and him serving us Cannabis seeds with honey served on a banana leaf. Zuke: Hulsey: What do you see the future of Rasta being? I’m not into prophecy or things like that but I don’t see it dying out or become a really major movement. they stand up for what they believe. with money and class.

so much energy is involved in a movie. there was talk of a Rockers II and there’s still talk of it now. I think it [ROCKERS] happened because it was destined to happen. For complete Rockers information.The Rockers Movie Exclusive conduct became emulated by a large segment of the population because of the popularity of the music and the popularity of certain stars: Burning Spear. the table got turned. it’s a labor of love. Again. Back when we made it. So. We’ve also helped with releases of video. Reggae Rastaman Big Youth (on left) smiling with ROCKERS producer Patrick Hulsey. Essentially. and TV spots. Zuke: Hulsey: What’s the future for you pertaining to the perpetuity of the ROCKERS movie—keeping it alive? Ever since it has been made. I think as long as people want to see it. time. And I was thinking about that and doing some sort of Kingston-Brooklyn axis type of thing and not just all Jamaica. you never know. Ect. Bob Marley. we had some people interested in taking it off the ground. I don’t think my health is able to undertake such an event but. It is what it is. Whether it will happen again I just don’t know. visit the interactive website at: <http://www. people said this movie is going to be a classic. We wanted to believe it and now we are happy to see that the movie has covered a piece of history and piece of culture that can never be reproduced. A lot of people came up here [NY] for Jamaican culture and I wanted to do something like that. DVD. and money. When we finished the movie. theater showing. we will help them see it whatever way they want. including DVD purchases. When we released the DVD a few years ago and things took off again. again. it has kept itself alive. Zuke: Hulsey: Do you see yourself making another Rockers movie? That’s a good question.com> 121 .ROCKERSTHEMOVIE. All these things take energy.

The Jamaican Language Part Four: The Jamaican Vibration The Language—Jamaican Patois {Patwah} Picture courtesy of Jamaica Tourist Board 122 .

The Jamaican Language 123 .

” -Christopher Columbus. 1494 124 .The Jamaican Language “The fairest island that eyes have ever beheld.

but we have hope and the sun still shines". It was also in this same year that the Jamaican flag (as seen on the front cover) was newly created. It was at this time that the country started to redefine itself. Over 90 percent of Jamaicans are of African or part-African origins. In the 1700’s. they were all enslaved and made to grow sugarcane. The remaining black triangles stand for the past—the country’s African heritage.The Jamaican Language Overview of Jamaica The first inhabitants of Jamaica were the Arawack Indians who lived on the island from about 800 A. Within a short time. The flag’s green triangles stand for agriculture and hope for the future of the country. Columbus. went to Africa to hunt.” 125 . needing more slave workers. Together. The black majority tries to exercise equality to the remaining 10 percent of the population that are of East Indian. British dominion over Jamaica finally came to a political end in 1962. Jamaicans have created a new and unique society. By blending relevant traditions of the past with newer institutions. and transport massive amounts of natives to Jamaica. The Jamaicans of today are essentially the descendants of these slaves. and European origins. described the Arawaks as very peaceful people. Jamaica was at the center of the English slave trade. many Africans were made laborers in Africa.D. which represents wealth. The black also represents the burdens borne by the people. who discovered the Island in 1494. However. Evidence supports that these Indians were directly related to the Indians of Central and South America. Within a few short years they were all killed off! The Spaniards. The Spanish rule ended in Jamaica in 1655 giving way to British domination. capture.000. The yellow stripes stand for both the sun and sand of the island and for the color gold. The total Arawack population was less than 75. One People. "Burdens and hardships there may be. Chinese. the British maintained the monopoly on the slave trade in the West Indies. all Jamaicans are endeavoring to live up to their nation’s motto: “Out of Many.

clear rivers.The Jamaican Language Because of the stunning sandy beaches. the reality of the Jamaica is that it remains a very poor third-world country. When the student sees that Patois uses English only as a foundation of speech. the expressions in this section are comprised of words and phrases that any Jamaican will know and understand. Each student of this course must also strive to develop his or her own character and Jamaican accent. Patois will flow out with personal feeling and character. their words. because popular Jamaican dancehall music is such an integral part of Jamaican society. This section is filled with many words that come directly from popular Jamaican reggae songs. expressions. The sooner one realizes that Jamaican Patois is another world and level of English. In addition to the basic speech patterns of the people. This section mirrors the current era in Jamaican language. and developed to teach anyone to master Jamaican Patois. should allow the reader to get a good grasp on common street lingo. and national pride This section has been designed. Jamaica has long attracted vacationers from around the world. Readers of this section must practice each lesson by speaking aloud and with confidence. so it is almost impossible to have exact accuracy regarding the “Newest” popular terms and expressions. and rules of our common English. brilliantly colored tropical flora. Patois is a language that very often incorporates new terms (as fast as dancehall deejays can say them). 126 . rebellion. and the cool and refreshing mountainous interior. much of the slang terms and expressions of the deejays are carried over onto the people—especially the youth. the many slang terms and unique expressions. The reader must remember that Jamaicans are an energetic people. The reader must be aware that there is much flexibility in the language. the sooner the reader will forget about the bounds. However. In addition. which are found in this section. Consequently. Patois truly is another dimension of English. limits. This section will surely teach the reader about Jamaican culture and common social interactions. Jamaican Patois {Patwah} is a language that is rich in feelings of freedom. Most words are said in an open and strong manner because the people are open and strong. and phrases are deeply rooted with feelings and energy. However. The Language This purpose of this section is to teach the language of the Jamaican people. formulated.

the reader can to pronounce words and say them correctly. The reader should be aware that if a word in bold is italicized. In this was.The Jamaican Language Please refer to the glossary at the back of this book to find all the basic Jamaican words and phrases. The words in bold type are the words spelled in Jamaican Patois. will the words. Therefore. Mastery will come only with practice. just by reading. Just read it! This material has been designed to “Sink in”. Be sure to practice aloud too! “Patois is a fast language without having to say as much as normal English. But. and the facts of the language. The most common values of English vowels and consonants are supplied for learning the language phonetically. in most cases. The italicized type (e. lingo. 2002) 127 . accustomed to the sounds of Jamaican Patois. This section represents the majority of Jamaican speech. and more practice. This will get you. structure. pat-wah) is the phonetic re-spelling of the word.g. the reader. Only in this way. The author has confidence that anyone can learn the language just by going through each lesson.] The lessons in this section are devoted to teaching a foundation of Jamaican speech and culture. practice. [Note: This entire Jamaican language-learning section deals neither specifically with Rasta speech patterns nor with their dialect. and sound of Patois become familiar and easy. then it is a common slang term.” — Matt Sanders (Editor of The Jamaican Vibration. rules. word speaks for itself. any reader will become acquainted with the principles. Each reader must take time in reviewing each lesson and example. which is not Rasta orientated.

A di winda open? Ah dee win-da wo-pen? Is the window open? Di winda a close.The Jamaican Language Di Fuss Lesson Wa dis an wa dat? Wah dis en wah dat? What is this and what is that? Any student of any language must first start with basic objects. dem a fool (they are fools). ECT. It is used as. Yes. It is used also as a prefix and as an indefinite article. it is the box.g. A di bax dis. or ending. even when the ‘R’ is in the midst of a word (recaad for record). 128 . are. sir? Yeh. will the student be able to integrate words and combinations into sentences. A dis (is this / this is). Di bokkle Dee bok-el The bottle Di rula Dee roo-la The ruler Di bax Dee bax The box Di paypa Dee pay-pa The paper Di picha Dee pi-cha The picture A wa dis? Ah wah dis? What is this? Hint to memba fo’eva: Jamaican “R” sounds are commonly omitted. Only later. sa? Ah dee bax dis. This is the picture. ‘R’. one. it is not pronounced. ah dee bax. Dis ah dee pi-cha. a di bax. A di picha dat? Ah dee pi-cha dat? Is that the picture? Dis a di picha. E. “A” means the following in Patois: a. is. that. Dee win-da ah clooze. sah Is this the box. This is especially true of the terminal. The window is closed. a fly go (to go fly / flying to). or in place of. it. a preposition. It is your key to speaking. Yeh. In most cases. a nuh mi (it’s not me). You can see that “A” is used exclusively with nearly every sentence.

With time and practice. Cum tek dis sit-ting out-tah dee bax. Dee box muss ah key-yar-ree chr-uu dee doh-ah nuh dee win-da.g. Jamaican words may be drawn out. Dee bax mussa poahs. The box must be carried through the door not the window. Not much emphasis should be heard in the ‘H’ of heap and none on the ‘W’. The box must be posted (mailed). A whole heap a ting a gwaan di man a say. Come tek dis si’ting outta di box. it deh. 129 . Ah ol-eeep ah ting ah gwaan dee man ah seh. Ah dee bok-el bruhk? Noah dee bok-el no bruhk. Many things will are going on the man said. it is there. di bokkle no bruk. you will develop a feel for what the word should say. E. it deh. Di box must a poas. Come take this thing (something) out of the box. Di box must a kyarri truu di door no di winda. A di bokkle bruk? No. the bottle is not broken. Is the bottle broken? No. Many bottles of Red Stripe. A wa dat ova dehso? Ah wah dat wo-ba (or pronounced o-va) deh-so? What is that right over there? A whole heap a Red Stripe® bokkle. door would say: doh-ah. Ah ol-eeep ah Red Strīp bok-el.The Jamaican Language Hints for pronunciation: Patois carries a unique sound and feeling. (Jamaica’s lager beer) *Whole heap* is used quite often for describing anything in large amounts.

Mummy an daddy. shows us a description of common life. Valued clothing is highly esteemed and coveted in Jamaica. it also means anything that is new. The cool threads. where sufferation I once know. Tommy Hilfiger. Puma.The Jamaican Language Di secon’ lesson Bashment is a slang word for “Party”. (and condoms) Di battyrider Dee batty-rider The short shorts Shut Shut Shirt Gansey Gaan-zee T-Shirt Marina Mer-eena Tank top Di nightie Dee nī-tee The nightgown Bling-bling gold chain / Cargo Bling-bling goal cheen / Kah-go Flashy gold chain / big chain (cargo like—hence the word. ey! Storm it come and it blow dung me door. Kangol. Unfortunately. The song Ganja Smuggling. the reality is that the general Jamaican population do not have the means to wear exclusive clothes that are so acceptable and trendy to wear. Fubu. But. Fashionable clothing is important for most people in Jamaica.) 130 . Me shoes tear up. Di bashment tredds. we all had to sleep on the floor. Mecca. cool. Dee bash-ment tredz. me toe just a show…” Di hat Dee aht The hat Pants Pahnz Pants Frock Frohk Dress Purs Puhs Purse Di billfold Dee bill-fohl The wallet Draws Drazz Under pants Boots Boots Shoes. “Dung deh in the ghetto I go. wear cheap and ugly clothes you are in for a surprise. The popular brand names that are in style in America (Nike. by Eek A Mouse. If you think Jamaicans. me haffi nail up me window. especially the youth. and trendy. Echo) are also in demand for socially attentive Jamaicans. all a we so poor.

Mi a-go do work pon di street. by Red Rat} …The nighty weh she inna just a get mi and if mi try to resist it woulda hurt mi she pop it off—gees. She looks like a model. He goes on acting like he is a model.. Ihm a gwaan like ihm ah mogel. She did in-na dee nī-tee ah poz aff.] Mi nuh waan dutty mi clothes. but ina mi shoe. NOTE: When you say that someone “Favors” something. Yuh hab ah bash-ee styl. I am going to do work on the street. Lens Lenz Glasses Yu hab a bashy style. Note: Ina means “In” or “In the”. Wha’ppun prin-cess! Yuh look criss in-na yuh frohk. You have cool style / fashion or taste. She a fava a mogel. Mee noh waan dut-tee mee klu-ahs.. Di money noh ina di billfold ina mi pants. The money is not in the wallet in my pants. Wha’ppun princess! Yu look cris ina yu frock. it means that they resemple or look like the object that you are speaking of. What’s up princess! You look good in your dress. She ah fā-vah ah mog-ehl. Him a gwaan like him a mogel. {Dancehall lyrics from Mi Cyan’t Sleep. I don’t want to dirty my clothes. [Princess is what a man would call to an attractive woman..The Jamaican Language Di darkers Dee dock-ahs The sunglasses. She did ina di nighty a pose off. 131 . Dee mun-ee nuh in-na dee bill-fohl in-na mee pahnz. a dat alert mi and now mi cyan't sleep and it worth it. but it is in my shoes. Mi a go do wok pon dee street. She was in her nightgown posing off. but in-na mee shew.

*Since most initial “H’s” in Jamaica are held silent.) Nuff piece a gyal deh walk pon di street.) See di ooman inna Moschino® dress wit di tall hair? See di ooman in-na Mos-kinna dress wit di tall air? See the woman in the Moschino dress with the long hair? She a look good all di while. Dee teef ah go tek dee bling bling of-fa yuh ches. Rule: As you can see from the previous example. She ah look good all dee while. a shorty is a girl. The same is used for “In” and “Out”. Buy me a pair of boxer briefs and socks to wear. Buy mee wun boxa breef en sok fee ah weer. Nuff pees ah geahl deh waak paan di street. Ihm jus ah mog-gel up dee leen in ah goold-rolled cheen.] Basically means that there are plenty of nice girls out on the streets. She a buy di ting fi look man. “Offa” is formed by combining the words off and of (off of your chest). 132 . Shee ah buy dee ting fee look man. Di teif a go tek di bling bling offa yu ches. He’s just modeling up the lane in a gold-rolled chain. Buy mi one boxa brief an sock fi a wear. She buys (or bought) the thing to look for men. which then becomes inna and outta (can be spelled also ina and outa. The thief will take the fancy chain off of your chest. She looks good all the time. Oi! Yu did see di one cris shorty deh? Oi! Yuh did see dee wun kris shorty deh? Yo! Did you see the nice girl there? (Cris is a term for something nice. This is basic and essential Patois.The Jamaican Language ‘Im jus a mogel up di lane ina gold-rolled chain. [Piece of gyal would be slang for a great woman. the word “Him” is said without the “H” sound.

[Skettle is a term for something cheap and unadmirable. Yu know staar. “You are starring (or are a star in) those threads. Picha dis! Wi a roll ina wi Benz. cheap stuff. and his cool hat on his head? Di rude bwoys tink ongly fi dem bling-bling tings. wee ah roll inna wee Benz. The “Bad boys” think only for their flashy things. but this is a cheap brand I think. or wear. Pi-cha dis. Yuh staar dem tredz. Picture this! We roll in our Benz (Mercedes). You know man. bad man nuh flex nuh sket-tel neam bran. but dis a skettel name brand mi a tink. Geahl. Tanks mon. I must get the best ever made. Literally means. Tanks mon. I want to see you in “Batty riders” (Short shorts). Mi tell yu say. mi mus get di bes eva mek. bad man no flex no skettle name brand. Girl.” Basically means that you look great in those clothes. Mee tell yu say. mee mus get di bess ev-va mek. Kan-gol ah num-ba wun! Da bad man a weer it nuff.] Kangol® a numba one! Da bad man a wear it nuff. mee waan fee see yu ina bat-tee-rī-dah. I’ll tell you that gansters don’t sport. Picture this! We relax under our sunglasses. but ah sket-tel neam bran mee ah tink. Thanks man. Kangol is number one! Gangsters wear it often. Yu know star. Dee rood bwhys tink ong-ly fee dem bling-bling tingz. Picha dis! Wi jus cool out unda wi lens Pi-cha dis! Wee jus kool out un-dah wee lenz. See ‘im bashment clothes an ‘im bashy hat pon ‘im head? See ihm bash-ment klu-as en ihm bash-ee aht pon ihm head? Do you see his nice clothes.] Gyal. 133 .The Jamaican Language Yu star dem tredds. [Calling someone ‘star’ is a signal of friendship. mi waan fi see yu ina battyrida.

“ is” is used very differently from normal English. I love the gold objects. Gold stan fi wealth. Red is for blood. as in they are— now becomes ‘Dem is’. It is the yellow lamp. This is explained below. Is wa dis? Iz wah dis? What is this? Is di yellow lamp. mon. “Is” pure success: In Jamaican Patwah. Key to success: Using the ever-common Jamaican Patois ‘A’ is perfect for replacing the word ‘Is’.“Is” also acts as a substitute for the word ‘Are’. it is in a very different way. mee lub dee go-ahl. Dee book nuh blew. Red a di heights kula fi da Rasta dem. “Is” simple shortens the need to say. Gold stands for wealth. Yeh mon. mon. Black like di Afrikan mon! Dee f’own blah-k. Dee aht green like di leef deh pon dee tree. Red fi a blood. “Is” means “Am”. Yes. The book is not blue. Red fee ah blud.The Jamaican Language Di terd lesson Wa di shape an kula? Wah dee sh’eap en kuh-la? What is the shape and color? Di phone black. When referring to the self. Black like the African man! Di hat green like di leaf deh pon di tree. Red ah dee Ī-tes kula fee da Rasta dem. Wa di kula a di book? Wah dee kuh-la ah dee book? What is the color of this book? Di book no blue. Red is the highest color for the Rastas. mi love di gold dem. Yeh mon. Go-ahl stan fee wellt. When Patois does use the word “Is”. 134 . “It is”. The hat is green like leaves there on the trees. Iz dee yella laamp. as in I am—now becomes ‘Mi is’. Blah-k like dee Af-ree-kon mon! The phone is black.

Yes Mon! Use mon or man in any common conversation! You can always use it after saying yes (yeh) or no (nuh). Look at the skinny girl. It is not gender specific. dem lick-el. Wa dat? Wah dat? What is that? Mi no know a wa dat.The Jamaican Language Is dem ting small? Iz dem ting smal-h? Are the things small? Yeh mon. The word “Or” can be pronounced either (oh) or No. Jamaica small. Look ‘pon this: The word “Pon” is used for the pronounciation can be Paan or Pon. Noah mon Jah-meik-ka nuh laaj. you know? 135 . Jamaica is small. Look pon dee mam-pee. Mee nuh nuo ah wah dat. it is very common to put “You know?” at the end of a sentence. But “No” an “Know” both. Yeh mon or yeh man. I don’t know what that is. Yes. Yeh mon. ESSENTIAL NOTE: Use Mon (meaning person) to casually agree or disagree with anyone—use often. they are little. No. Know is said nuo (new-oh).. Jamaica is not large. words ‘On’ or ‘At’. One way is pronounced noah (who built the Arc) and the other is nuh. The Jamaica large or small? Jah-meik-ka laaj are (or oh) smal-h? Is Jamaica large or small? The word “OR”: (are). Know this: There are two very distinct ways of saying no. they can also sound like the word know—as in “I know” (Mee nuo). Jamaica no laaj. mon. While noah and nuh both mean no. You can say it either way. are slight phonetically different. The first no (noah) expresses more strictness and authority. No is said either nuh or noah. yu know? (I can’t bother. Look pon di maga gyal. however. The other no (nuh) seems softer and under the breath. Look pon dee ma-gah geahl. you know?) This simply adds extra character to a conversation. dem lickle. Mi kyaan bodda. Also. man. Look at the very fat person. Look pon di mampi. Jah-meik-ka smal-h.

Edwards? Ihm ah Mr. A Mistah Brown dis. Nuh sah. sir? Yeh bwoy.The Jamaican Language Di fort lesson Ooo dem? Ooo dem? Who are they? A genkleman Ah gen-kel-mon A gentleman Ooman Ooo-man Woman Bwoy B-why Boy Pickney Pik-nee Child Hint: Use Bwoy frequently as a common expression like saying “Man” (mon). sa? Ah Mis-tuh Brown dis. he is not Mr. Yeh sa. this is the respected Master Brown. Edwuds? Is he Mr. Edwuds. ah Maas Brown dis. Bwoy. a ooo dis genkelmon? Ahn sah. But ah Mr. No sa. An sa.g. But a Mr. Smith. E. who is this gentleman? Him a Mr. Smith. But Mr. mi kyaan bodda! (Man. Bwoy is very common slang. No sir. Ex-kuu mee Sah. Edwards. mi say! Yeh bwhy. Smit. a Mas Brown dis. now mi see it.ah ooo dis gen-kel-mon? And sir. 136 . mee seh! Yes. (Yes. It can serve more as a general conversational sound. mi no did undastand. Sa: The expression “Sa” doesn’t always necessarily mean “Sir”. I can’t bother!) Use it freely to talk to anyone—man or woman! Excuu mi Sa. per se. sah? Is this Mister Brown. that is true. a true. Edwards. Edwards? No sa. Excuse me sir.) Sa is generally used after agreeing or disagreeing with someone— man or woman. Yeh sa. ihm nuh Mr. I’m saying! ‘Mi say!’ is a common expression of personal emphasis said at the beginning or end of a sentence. ‘im nuh Mr.

Dee lik-kel pik-ney deh. Yuh ah Mr. Mi is Mr. look at him hair! (Look at his hair!) Ee-ee. Mi wudda like fi know fi har age. EE can be used at the end of a sentence to seek a reply. Or it can be used alone to convey surprise or joy. White. yuh noh go nuo dat—wha’ppun to yu! Yu nuh nuo dat dee ooman dem neba say dem age? Listen. The little child there is the youngest child in the family. you aren’t going to know that—what’s the matter with you! Don’t you know that women never reveal their age? As opposed to common age inquiry in the U. Mee iz Mr. mi neva know say she arredi hab three yuut? Ee-ee. (Wash belly is a term for a mother’s last child. EE EE: Jamaican Patwah is known for the unique sounds of conversation. EE. ee? Dee yung ooo-man hab tree pik-nee en won bred-da ee? The young woman has three kids and one brother. Mee wud-da like fee nuo fee har age.The Jamaican Language Di lickle pickney deh. Brown. Brown. I never knew she already has three children. I am Mr. Uhh-uhh. You are Mr. I would like to know her age. Brown. right. White. It is pronounced just like the letter “Ee” and can be said once or twice. di wash belly. yu no go know dat—wha’ppun to yu! Yu nuh know dat di ooman dem neva say dem age? Lissen. dee wash belly. Asking for one’s age is not the best thing to due to bring up conversation in Jamaica.) Di young ooman hab tree pickney an one bredda. Jamaicans do not ask people. White. mee neba nuo say she a-reddy hab tree yuut. Yu a Mr. The use of ‘Ee’ is one of these.. what the other’s age is. especially a new acquaintance. 137 .S. Lissen.

(Keep in mind that among black woman. Love Mi Browning. A ooo dem? Ah ooo dem? Who are they? A ooo di lady? Ah ooo dee ley-dee? Who is the lady? She a Ms. nuh. Dee man dem nuh like black neg-gahs. dem like brownin. But most of all I love my “browning”. Buju attempted to quiet the protests by recording his next single. I am the man and the teacher. Yesa mi. I love my money and things. Di man dem nuh like black neggas. that’s me. A no mi. Mee iz dee mon en dee tee-cha. Nuh. nuh? Yeh. *This song comes from Buju's first major hit. Yeh ah mee. it is I. dem like brownin.en she brown-nin. A yu she? Ah yuh she? Are you her? Yeh a mi.The Jamaican Language Yu a di student. Yu ah dee stew-dant. those of lighter skin color are considered more elite in the social ladders of contemporary Jamaican society. an she browning. Love Mi Browning. Smart. Smart. Chinese man? 138 . Ah nuh mee. Mi is di mon an di teacha. *Browning is an exclusive term for describing a woman’s skin color—never a man’s (unless a battyman or chi-chi man is speaking of another man). a no yu. You are the student. Yu Chiney or Yu a Chin? Yu Chī-nee / Yu ah chin? Are you Chinese? Wha’ppun Chin? Wha’ppun Mis-tuh Chin? What’s up Mr.) So. but mos ah all me lub mi brownin’. Yes. Not me. caused much controversy in color-conscious Jamaica where the majority of women are dark-skinned. Men prefer light-skinned black women to dark-black women. which term praises light-skinned women. mi brownin’. in 1991. ah nuh yuh. Yes. The song became an international hit. Love Black Woman. She is Ms. Yes. it’s not you. but it was not without controversy. and she is light skinned isn’t she? *Mi love mi money an ting. Is mi dat? Iz mee dat? Is that me? No. after indirectly insulting so many dark-skinned women. Disa di Lady? Dis-sa dee ley-dee? Is this the lady? Yeh. She ah Miss Smaat. No. Yes-ah mee. but mos a all mi love Me lub me money an ting.

Dem ah tell yuh dem ah ooo. ‘im a coolie. ihm ah coolie. a Chiney (chī-nee) is a Chinese person. My mom and aunt are young. Dat gyal inna science yu know—inna Obeah! Dat geahl in-na sci-ence yuh nuo—in-na Oh-be-ah! That girl is into science—into Obeah witchcraft! Di Obeah people dem can mark yu up wit pyur curse. Mi madda an aunty young. ‘Im a Indian? Ihm ah Ind-ee-yan? Is he Indian? Yeh. No! I am not Mexican. Di dada lick ‘im. Those into Obeah witchcraft can mark you with pure (many) curses. Yes. Mee lub al-la mee famb-ly. I love all of my famly. The dad hits him. Dee Obeah people dem caan mark yu up wit pyuur curse. I don’t know that girl. Note: There are many people of Indian descent In Jamaica. he’s an Indian. Mee mad-da ahn ant-ty yung. Ooo a dat idiot gyal? Ooo ah dee ee-dee-at geahl? Who is the idiot girl? Mi no know di gyal deh. A ooo dat a come? Ah ooo dat ah cum? Who is coming? A ooo deh? Ah ooo deh? Who is there? A ooo dem? Ah ooo dem? Who are they? Dem is di people. Yu a Mexican? Yuh ah Mex-ee-kan? Are you Mexican? No sa! Mi no Mexican.The Jamaican Language *Chin is a name to call out to anyone that is Chinese in Jamaica. They are the people. Mi lub alla mi fambly. Dee da-dah lick ihm (or) wet ihm. Dem a tell yu dem a ooo. Dem iz dee peep-el. They are telling you who they are. Nuh sah! Mee nuh Mexican. *Both ‘Lick’ and ‘Wet’ mean “To hit’” 139 . Similarly. Mee noh nuo dee geahl deh. They are commonly referred to (derogatorily) as “Coolies”. Yeh.

‘Im a idiot still. Truss mi! ‘Im kyaan cool still. he is powerful. E. I know. is used when stongly agreeing with someone’s line of thought. Some people beat their children all the time. it is just an expression and a backing word. Notice that this expression is not asking the other to “Trust them”. but mi kyaan badda wid mi sista— caa she a neva chat me! Mee kris wit mee bredda. Knowing this great expression will surely get you far in speaking Jamaican. It doesn’t mean that is actually good only at the moment. ihm big still. I’ll hit you if you don’t stop. Still Note: The word “Still” is used at the end of a thought and is for expressing true feelings or factual happenings at the current time. per se. (I don’t like him). Dat look good still. 140 . It is like saying any of the following in English: Believe me. Some people beat up dem pickney all di while. That guy is very powerful. and yes. yeah. Mi no like ‘im still. but mee key-yan bod-da wit mee sis-tah— caa she ah neva chat mee! I am fine with my brother. but I can’t bother with my sister— because she doesn’t talk to me! Dat nigga big still. Truss mi mon! Truss mee mon! Trust me! Truss mi mon! This expression. Even though he looks small. He is still an idiot. As lik-el as yu see ihm look. As lickle yu see’im look. Mee a go lick yuh up eff yuh noh tap. ‘im big still.The Jamaican Language Mi a go lick yu up if yu no tap. Ihm ah ee-dee-at still.g. Sum peeple beat up dem pik-ney all dee while. Mi cris wit mi bredda ‘im. but it is simply a way to agree in conversation. (That looks good). Dat nig-ga big still. Truss mee! Ihm key-yan kool still. ‘Truss mi’. I agree! He’s still can’t be cool.

You know it costs dearly (exceedingly). *The word “Light” is used to signify electricity and current. Too much current fi use alla’ee lights. faster and faster. (A di meaning: at the.The Jamaican Language Di fif lesson Words are a combination of sounds. In a’i oouse In ī owse? In the house. Mi in’i oouse right now. 141 . (From “Off a di cyar”) Eeez up off a’ī key-yar. Di light did out when mi deh ina’i oouse. This concept is used for faster speech. I am in the house right now. It is important to realize the sound made when saying “A di’ the stress is both in the a and the i. the. (From “Inna di oouse”) Mee in’ī owse rīte nou. Yu know seh ita cost dear.) As you repeatedly say this. You will soon see you are mainly pronouncing the ‘Ī’. it is. Too much electricity (power) is being used when all the lights are on. you should stress to say only the syllables—the a and the i. …………………………………deh in-nī owse. ect. Yu know she it ah cost dear. The power went out when I was there in the house. Some words that you speak don’t have to require saying each individual sound. Too much kern’t fee use all eeh lights. Ease up off of the car. The word “Power” is not generally used in Jamaica in regards to electrical energy. Practice at this time saying “A di”. Ease up off a’i cyar. of the. Notice above how we simply use “Deh ina’i oouse”.” There is no need to try to say the entire ‘In a di’ but it will sound like “In’ī” when said correctly. the same as “Deh in a di oouse.

or ‘eeh’. “What?” in America. huh? A faas fly dem buuds. Get off of it and leave. yeah! 142 . it is always used when needing something to be repeated. This also goes to say that the word ‘it’ can sound like ‘ih’. eeeh! Ah faas fly dem budz. He’s gone to the bathroom. A fi dem ’i’? Ah fee dem eeeh? Is it theirs? (This combination is at the advanced level of sound combining and the resulting sound is eeeh. ‘Ihm gaan ah dee baat-rooom. Get off a’eet ahn leff. eeeh? Wah yu dween. eeeh? What are you doing. Just like saying.The Jamaican Language ‘Im gaan a’i bathroom. Also. Eeeh? This same sound of eeeh is also used as a universal sound for expressing either a need for response or simply just a sigh of sorts. eeeh! Those birds fly fast. A wa yu dween. Yu did in a’i man owse? Yu did in ah dee man owse? Were you in the man’s house? Get off a’it an leff.

A ooo fa shut dis? Ah ooo fah shut dis? Whose shirt is this ? A fi dem gansey dat. fi dem. Not only does fi indicate possession ang belonging. Yeh mon. A fi yu dis? Ah fee yuh dis? Is this for you. This is my chalice to burn.: Fi ‘im. his. mine. 143 . is this yours? A dat a fi yu? Ah dat ah fee yuh? Is that yours? Note: Fi shows possession when used before the subjects being talked about. fi mi. Its your thing there. Data fee mee bred-dah. a di one fi ‘im. A fi mi chalice fi bun. It is not our thing. A fi yu si’ting deh. A di one deh a fi ‘im? Ah ee wun deh ah fee ihm? Is that the one there for him? Yeh mon. hers. Ah fee dem gaan-zee dat. theirs. Ah fee yuh sit-tin deh. A fi mi ting yah. A no fi wi ting. A dat deh one chalice fi uno? A dat deh wun chaliss fee uno? Is that chalice is yours (plural)? Yeh mon. Ah fee mee chaliss fee buhn. Ah fee mee ting yah. Fi is perhaps the most powerful words in patois. it is the one for him. ah fee wee. or simply. Yes. fi she. Fi is also used in place of “To” and “For”. My Home—Jamaica. This is my thing here. it’s ours. ah dee wun fee ihm. Yeh mon. a fi wi. That one belongs to my brother’s.The Jamaican Language Di six’d lesson A fi mi Yard Ah fee mee Yaad. But also sets up verbs as an auxiliary verb. It is their T-shirt. E. Dat one a fi mi bredda. Ah nuh fee wee ting. Yes.g.

Yu waan leff di concrete jungle. zeen? So I am going to find safety in America. This type of residential fighting is known in Jamaica as a “War”. I can get killed here! I want to leave the ghetto (Trench Town). A war is a fight. okay? Wa ya’a say. I want move (or go) to the U. can “War” each other. mi can dead pon di place! Mi waan buss outta di concrete jungle my yuut. I don’t like to see fighting all the time. Watahouse a war wit Olympic Gardens all di while. You know. we shall stop spelling out the words. Yu. we a go stop spell out di words dem. Fram dis time fawaad. zeen? I want to leave Jamaica. mon. Similarly. yah? Do you want to leave this concrete jungle (ghetto)? Truss mi! You bet! Yu know mon. Mi a go bring one beer is better Patois than to say Mi a go bring a beer.S. So mi a go look ‘bout safety inna foreign. kyaan mix up wit dat! 144 .The Jamaican Language The single term “One” is used quite often for replacing “A”.. You know man. *Jamaican neighborhoods commonly fight with each other. mon? What are you saying. Waterhouse (a Jamaican neighborhood) is always fighting with Olympic Gardens. as a dread. man. Mi got one lick pon mi head is better than Mi got a lick pon mi head. my friend. Mi naa like fi see war all di while. mon? Where do you want to go? Mi waan leff outa J. Weh yu waan fi go. people. Yu know sey. From this time on.A. see? But di people deh involve nuff wid Babylon. who are alone. man? Mi say mi waan go foreign.

S. Mi know seh dat alla di U. So. your going to the U.S. yu know say dat unno a suffa ina Jamdung. come a courthouse dem want fi tell pyur lies. business? So what. to make money and business? Truss mi. I…What to deprive? I-mon from my rights. zeen? Yes! I like the business idea. man. 145 . mon. I’ll think of something else to do. mi a go tink bout sup’m else fi a do. yu a go mek money pon the U. So. as a Rasta. business people is a murdera an di corperation na care (key-air) bout wi.S. see? Lissen di song an ‘memba wa say: already— …Tell dem already—wi haffi tell dem again! Dem a murdera. Yes. can’t mix up with that! Cha! Mon. mon! Mi like the business idea. Yu bes’ wait fi tings get betta here ina Yard—yu naa even hab bandoogle! You should wait for things to get better here in Jamaica—you don’t even have a fake visa. seen? …Dem dress up ina jacket and dem dress fi up ina tie. mi see it.S. I know that all of the U. business class and corporations don’t care about us.The Jamaican Language But the Americans are involved heavily with Bablyon (the corrupted system) You. Murderer – Sung by Barrington Levy. So wa. I see. Yeh mon. *(Cha is a expresson of irritation) You know that we all suffer in Jamaica.

‘Are’ and ‘Am’. all di while mi dweet! Yes man. When speaking Patois. use it to say ‘It is’. * Notice the combination of have and to. “Is” in Patois. Yeh mon. ECT. To do it good. Is dem di one. This concept is especially important when speaking as a Rasta. Fi is what signals and helps the verb. This has the same meaning as above but now the “Have to” becomes implied. You have to do it. In Patois. we want to forget the proper English system and speak how we want to.) Yu is pretty.) Fi’s use as an auxiliary verb is very important and it is used to imply or command action. (Are they the ones?) Dat ooo mi is. Is fa dat reason mi naa go leff. Yu haffi dweet. Uno fi learn dis: Uno is the plural for you (yu).The Jamaican Language Zeen. you all. yu mus wuk haad. everyone. Yu fi dweet. “Is” is also used in place of. (You are pretty. It is for that reason that I won’t leave. Can be used to mean: anyone. Rastas know that English is the current and main language of Babylon. which must be broken. Fi dweet good. you must work hard. I do it all the time! Disa how fi start and disa how fi end. proper tense and grammar is omitted—this is the essence of Jamaican speech. Uno is used to refer to more that one person. you. This is how it starts and this is how it ends. 146 . (That’s who I am. Yes.

Hush. “You are not easy. 2. Did uno hear wi? Did you all hear us? Always use “Wi” for the use of the following: us.) Dem teif wi tings.) Come to wi. Wi naa go deh. (Come to us. That is ours. is pronounced (key-yan). ours. 147 .) Mek wi go. meaning can’t. Mi kyaan bodda wit uno. Ih too spicey—ya put nuff peppa in’ait. the word “It” can be pronounced ih or ee. Just remember that you have flexibility in Patois. (We’re not going there. (Let us go. I can’t bother with you. (They stole our things. [Kyaan.] Uno ready fi nyam? Are you all ready to eat? Uno like it? You like it? New word: Use Nyam as a word to replace the word eat. 3.) Uno nuh easy yu know! You (plural) are difficult you know! (Literally means. Pronounced (nee-yam) Also.The Jamaican Language A fa uno dis? Whose is this for? Data fi wi. It’s too spicey—you put too much peppers in it. 4. we.”) *Uno nuh easy: is a common expression of pointing out that one is acting difficult or acting in an odd way. Sorry. 1.

My mind is troubled over what is on their mind. Di gyal dem did hot pon di place! The girls where hot at that place! Mi haffi wonda wa depon dem min’. He had dreadlocks when I saw him. The food was good. Di food did good. mi did red when mi come home. I have to wonder what is on their mind. Memba when mi dideh a mi yaad? Remember when I was at my house? “did” replaces the “to be” verb WAS. I was high when I came home. Yeh mon. Yes man. A ooo inna di gleena deh? Where is the Gleener? A wa di gleena? What is the Gleener? 148 .The Jamaican Language Di sebent lesson Did depon wa? Did deh-pon wah? Was on what? Weh di Rasta dem deh? Where are those Rastas? Yu been deh? Have you been there? Dem g’way lang time now. ‘Im did dreadlocks when mi see ‘im. Mi mind chubble ova wa depon dem mind. They’ve been away for a long time now.

mon. ‘On’ is said “Pon” in Jamaica. Di money a go dun anyhoh. Any way. wi a go pon di ironbird (I-runbuud) o inna cyar? Yes. don’t worry about it.) *Depon haste is a common expression in Jamaica meaning to be in a hurry. See mi a say? No. so we can save money. *The use of deh ‘bout is from the words ‘there’ and ‘about’. and fun. So weh it deh mon? So where is it man? It did depon di cyar. man. (Haste is pronounced heeas.The Jamaican Language Di Gleena a di Jamaican newspaypa. Is lang time wi nuh hab no fun. The money will be spent anyway. I saw them around here. will we go by plane or by car? No mon. nuh worry bout it. This means that the something is around or near by. 149 . See what I’m saying? Anyway. It was there on the car. Mek wi tek di taxi caz dem always depon haste. we will go by bus. The Gleener is the newspaper. Depon is used when one needs to show placement and location. pleasure. Depon is another word for ‘On’ but is the combination of ‘There’ and ‘On’. Let’s take the taxi because they are always in a hurry. do you want to go on a flex to Negril—on a vā-kā-shun? (Flex means a time for enjoyment.) Yeh mon. wi a go pon bus fi save money. yu waan go pon one flex to Negril—one vacation? It’s been a long time since we haven’t had any fun. Mek haste mon! Hurry up man! Wa mek yu neva ina haste? Why are you always so slow? Weh mi keys dem deh? Where are my keys? Mi did see dem deh ‘bout. man.

ECT”. Mi dehya just says. A ooo did dehya? Who was there? It did dehya. It yahso.The Jamaican Language See di man ova dehso. what’s going on (what’s up)? Nutten na gwaan—mi dehya. Yeh. It was here. Yu got no food dehya? Don’t you have any food here? Dis yah. Dat deh. Common word: Mi dehya is a very common expression that is in simple response to a greeting. Hey. “I’m fine. Dem ya si’ting na good. “yahso” is used to say here. See the man right over there. To say that something or someone is there simply say “dehso. These are used when the objects are within visibility. I am here. Your father is coming here. But dehya (deh+yah) means ‘Here’. Take (or get) this thing right here. everything is cool. “I am here”. That there. Nothing is going on—everything is cool. it literally means. I’m good. These things are no good. As reference. wh’a gwaan man? Hey. See di ting ova dehso? Do you see the thing is over there? Yu see mi yah? Do you see mi here? Yu see ‘im deh? Do you see him there? Yu fadda a come yah.” And. it is there in Jamaica. It is right here. A ooo dehya? Who is here? Mi dehya. 150 . Tek dis sinting yahso. • You must know that Deh means ‘There’ and Yah means ‘Here’. it deh a Jah-mieka Yes. This here.

The vendor sells on the street. In addition. Di higgla a sell pon di street. . (To open is to pull. wa do it? Yeah. Dem a walk go work. He walks to work.The Jamaican Language Di eight lesson A wa do dem? A wah do dem? What’s going on with them? “A wa do dem” is a common expression used to ask about others doings. A wa do dem? What about them? See di coknat deh? See those coconuts? Yeh. They can’t open the coconut because they don’t have a machete. He brought it or he brings it.) Wa she a do? What is she doing? Wa ‘im a do? What is he doing? She a bring ih yah. there are no past tenses in the language. The use of double negatives and even triple negatives is common and correct in patois. 151 . However. Look pon dem. I can’t open these can of beans because I don’t have a can opener. Essential Theme: Words are spoken as if in the present in Jamaican Patois. what about it? Yu no kyaan pull kaknut eff yu no hab no cutlass or mash-ett. it does not have to be talking about people only—it can also be talking about specific objects. ‘Im bring ih. Mi no kyaan pull dis yah tin a peas caa mi no hab no cutta. Look at them. She brings it here or she brought it here.

44 Jamaican dollars is equivalent to one U. you must say “a. Di bad bwoy dem a look fi teif man billfold. At the time of this printing. Nanny: A 500 dollar bill. Always Remember: Always before something is done. Dem a go shop. He fights his woman.) bill has former Prime Minister Jamaica has ultra-high inflation. or in any action. caa wi no hab no dollas. Dem a go. We gave him only a penny because we didn’t have any dollars. The girl eats. Bill: A basic 100 dollar bill. She a bathe (bea-dth). Nutten buta cuss-cuss fight. Mi a write dis. She is bathing. ‘Im a chat. dollar. Any coin that is less than one Jamaican dollar. Mi a fly go. dollars. She a go.” Mi a go. The thugs look to steal (thief) someone’s wallet. (Has virtually no value and most stores can’t offer its change). Know the following slang terms for Jamaican Money: Dollas: Copper: The basic term for money. It was a non-physical fight. Di gal a nyam. Ya see mi? Ya see mi a say? 152 . Wi gi’im pyur coppa. Yu a read dis. ‘Im a fight ‘im ooman. They were on our corner begging for money (a 500 Jamaican bill). Mi a nyam. Manely: A 1000 bill (This Michael Manley on it.The Jamaican Language Dem depan wi corner an beg fi a Nanny.S. He is talking. They are going shopping.

She winjy. My stomach hurts. Don’t pressure me into decisions. He broke his leg. *This expression of stubbornness literally means “Hard ears. [Yu backside!] *Head can mean both head and hair depending on usage. ’Im a haad eaz. He is stubborn. ‘Im bruk ‘im foot. teet. and ears. She’s very thin. Yī. en ee-ahz. noaz.” 153 . ‘Im eaz haad. Di head Dee ed The head Hair Air Hair Yeye Yī Eye Nose Noaz Nose Eaz Ee-ahz Ear or Ears Di teet Dee teet The teeth Arm Ahhm Arm Han Ann Hand Foot Foot Leg Foot bottom Foot batt-um Sole of foot Backside Bak-side *Buttocks Batty Bat-ty Butt Rass Rass Ass Finga Fing-gah Finger Face Feahs Face *Backside is also a familiar term to suggest one’s self. Note: The word “Foot” is used to refer to any part of the entire leg. Eyes. teeth. Mi tumak a hurt (hat or hut) mi. Nuh presha mi mind. an eaz. nose.* He doesn’t listen. nose.The Jamaican Language Di nine’t lesson Yeye. teet.

Shut yu mout an tap yu chatin’. I have a fat stomach. (In Jamaican Patois. Butsiyah! (But-see-yah!) A wha’ppun to yu head? Dang! What happened to your head? *Butsiyah is a nameless expression of surprise. why are you crying? Ebbry time mi tink a Liza. Man. I cry. Man has two feet. foot means any part of the entire leg including the foot. Kiss mi neck! Expression usually demonstrating surprise or excitement. Don’t hiss at me with your yellow teeth. Shut your mouth and stop your talking. this is to say that a man has not only one leg but two. mon! Yu smell bad! Yu battyhole! Mi naa hab yella teet mon! Yu know say mi a show white teet still. she fell on her butt cheek.) Ya see mi when mi say dat him bruk da whole of him foot? Do you understand me when I say that he has broken his entire leg? 154 . Move yu backside! Move your self! Mi ‘ave wanga gut. You ass! I don’t have yellow teeth! You know I show white teeth. Mon. Yu a renk bad. she fall pon har batty jaw. Why are you eyes watering? Or.The Jamaican Language Tap cut yu yeye (yī) afta mi! Stop cutting your eyes at me! (Means moving the eyes away in disgust) Wa mek yu yeye wata. wata coma a mi yeye. Every time I think of Lisa. is fi say dat man no hab ongly one foot but ‘im hab two foot. Nuh kiss yu yella teet afta mi. Man hab two foot.

Your hair needs to be cut. and other African based languages. See the man there.”} Instead of saying tall. commonly use double descriptive adjectives. Marki-marki is a word for ugly marks—[Jamaican Patois.) Har hair tall.] {One could say. She hab short hair. she flirty-flirty. ‘im long. in Jamaian Patois you can say long to mean the same thing. (Drop legs means to dance. “Him face cutti-cutti. See di man deh. (Typically. That’s a skinny girl. She put braid pon har head. but it don’t cut. Is him first come yah and mek people know dat black people have a home in Africa…Him nose big and him face like when yu wudda have marki-marki. pg. ‘Im short eeeh? He is short. She has short hair. Di ooman dem creame dem head. this is the time for braiding a womans hair.) Yu foot waan fi shave. dem stinky-stinky. him skin so bumpy-bumpy. Mi kyaan bodda sitdung an sumody ina mi head 8 hour! I can’t bother to sitdown having someome in my hair for 8 hours. like him face cut. 155 . It look so tuff. ect. huh? “Higgins is a long African man. Your legs need a shaving. This Saturday night we’ll go to a club and dance.The Jamaican Language Dis Satnight wi a go club fi drop legs. She put braids in her hair.yu know?” (Rastafari. Him a African man. he is tall. 90) The quote in the book described Higgins (who was the first preacher of the African movement in Jamaica) as tall African with a big nose and a scared face (marked). A maga gyal dat. Yu head waan fi cut. Her hair is long. It looks so course and tough. yu so naga-naga. The women relax their hair.

(Adams.The Jamaican Language Di tent lesson Yu know seh wa mek? Do you know why? The word “say” can be spelled either say. it follows verbs of telling. 156 . you can ask “Wa mek”. And it is often identical with or indistinguishable form the verb ‘say’. used in sequence with preceding verbs. to ask “Why” in patwah. Mi neva know say dat. Yu know seh wa mek it rain? Do you know why it rains? Mi a tell yu say dat disya wata (wah-tah) and disya air a mek it rain. communicating. I never knew that. “What makes”. mon. seh or sey. This word is the most common and most important conjunction in Jamaican Patwah. hearing. Because he sang about the truth. You know it will rain. ECT. meaning literally. Yu know say it a go rain (ree-ahn). Mi waan fi know ooo a create di Reggae music? I want to know who created the Reggae music. Otherwise spelled ‘sey’ or ‘seh’. Yu know seh wa mek Bob Marley good? Do you know why Bob Marley was good? Becaa ‘im sing ‘bout di truut. 25) Also. I’ll tell you that this here water and this here air permits it to rain. thinking. “Yu know say” is the most common and distinctive conjunction in Jamaican Patwah.

”— The Wailers. tings dat you wudd’n really—dem wuddn teach it to you inna school. and that is happening. Wa mek reggae music di bess? Why is reggae music the best. “One ting ‘bout music is dat when it hits. Conquering Lion in the Tribe of Judah. our music has always been music inspired by what we believe in. a true.” –Bob Marley and the Wailers Yeh. which we experience everything. It is all about the feel and vibration. yu own history. Reggae music is news. Right? Wa mek di real Reggae inspiration? What makes the real Reggae inspiration ? Lissen wa di big mon a seh. Lisstn to what Bob Marley says. mon. So it come as a kinda rebellion. It all about di feel and di vibration. that is right. what we know.” —Bob Marley 157 . I can see that. Lord of Lords. Right? Yes. Mi can see dat. yu undastand? Becaa dem wuddn tell yu dat Rastafari is God! Yu na’mean? And yet di bible tell you dat with in 2000 years Christ shall return and when ‘im return ‘im gwaan be King of Kings. Now dat is the reality. “Well. Chruu di line is a King Solomon and King David. Is news about yu own self.The Jamaican Language “Di reggae beat origionally come from di Africans we se‘em weh—African music—and from Africans scattered abroad. yu feel no pain.

It is also a word that is everywhere in Patois. man. Yes. The place was too packed. Mi neva get fi enjoy mi’seff. Mi know seh weh ‘im go. was. (Crazy Look by Capleton) 158 . that is. mon. It depon mi head weh ‘im did lick mi. It was on my head where he hit me. Di ooman weh mi did see. that will be. I never got to enjoy myself. that was. she did vex (also said with a ‘b’ bex). Di place weh too pack. Mi want a woman weh clean. Want one weh pure An' mi want weh fine Di woman weh mi want—she affi one of a kind. Mastering this word and its usage will ensure any practitioner of Jamaican Patois sure fluency. I know where he went. The woman that I saw was angry. Weh ya go? Where are you going or where did you go? Ooo di man weh mi did chat to? Who was the man that I spoke to? Yu did ku pon di street weh ‘im did tun? Did you look at the street on where he turned? Ya. who. which. that (that has.The Jamaican Language Di elebnt lesson Weh Where. that did). The word weh (like the word seh) is one of the trademark Jamaican words.

have success! Mi check yu layta. There are several other endings and beginnings similar to zeen. I understand.The Jamaican Language Di twelb’t lesson Ya hear mi now? Yah eer mee nou? Do you hear me now? Note: It is very common to put “Ya hear” (said with out the “H”) at the end of many sentences. mon? What are you doing. man? Mi naa do nutten. ya hear. Lickle more. They can’t do it. I am not doing anything. dem a star dat! No man. use it when asking somebody to agree with your thought—zeen? It is just like saying. or sure. ya hear. This is to verify that the other person understands you. So. mon. No man. okay? Zeen. ya hear! See you later! Mi soon come. zeen? So I am going to do it. You can also absolutely use zeen in the beginning of a sentence to agree with what was just said. Yeh. mon. mash it up! Yes. Note: 159 . I see. of course. ya hear! I’ll catch you later! More time! Bye! Zeen is a very popular Jamaican word. see. I’ll be there soon. I’ll do it! Ya hear? No chat to dem! Do you hear? Don’t talk to them! So mi a go dweet. Ya hear wa mi a say? Do you hear what I am saying? Yu see wa mi a say? Do you hear what I have said? Wa ya dween. They are the following: See it? True? No true? Jah know? Selassie know? And. they doing great! ‘Ol on. It is like saying yes. okay or all right at the end of an English sentence. Dem no kyaan dweet. mi dweet! Hold on.

Serve mi a half a pound a dat jerk pork (pohk). I want or need something to eat. A rain a-fall but the dirt it tough. They say. Jah know! mi wanna plate (plē-at) a rice an peas! God knows. Rich and poor. caa mi ‘ungry an mi belly empty. but the masses are kept without. they start a cry. mon. Mek wi go get some patty fi eat (fee heet). Now the weak must get strong. Serve me a half of a pound of jerk pork. because I am hungry and my belly is empty. "Oh. (Jamaican soda). what a tribulation. ® I’ll have a few festival (deep fried bread) and fill up some Ting. A patty is a baked Jamaican crust stuffed with meat or vegetables. A pot a-cook but the food no nuff… Cost of living get so high. 160 . Let’s go eat some patties. I want a plate of beans and rice! Beans are called ‘Peas’ in Jamaica.” —Bob Marley. Them belly full but we hungry.The Jamaican Language Di terteent lesson Dem belly full up. Gimme couple festival an full up one Ting®. “Them Belly Full” Mi waan sup’m fi eat. The heads of government have means to eat. A hungry mob is an angry mob. but wi hungry.

For breakfast I enjoy ackee and saltfish with breadfruit. hence the word done. Full up one glass fa mi. an vegetable (Veg-gee-ta-bel). I have money. How yu a go pay. Do you have spinach? Di shopkeepa say di special today a ackee an saltfish an dumpling an banana. Uno hab callaloo? I would like to have two beef and three vegetable. man! *Duns is slang for money. mon. beef. Anyway. ow much yu waan? We have shrimp. Wa dat foolishness dem a serve? What are they serving that is to stupid? 161 . mon. Fa breakfass mi like ackee an saltfish wit breadfruit. Wa ya’a drink? What do you want to drink? Gimmie juice. Full mi up a ting a wata. it is not ready and needs further preperation. Essentially. Fill up a glass for me. beef. na worry ‘bout it. It always seems to finish. This juice is not yet ready. and vegetable.The Jamaican Language Wa kinda patty uno hab today? What kind of patties do you have today? Wi hab sh-wimp. mon? How will you pay? Cha! Mi hab duns. Mi tersty fa wata. Anyway. how many do you want? Mi waan two beef an tree veggitable. don’t worry about it. Fill me up a thing of water. Disa juice a fresh still. Give me juice. I am thirsty for water. Note: The word fresh means bitter or sour. The shopkeeper says that today’s specials are ackee and saltfish or dumping and banana.

I hate to eat things that come out of a tin can. As you should have noticed. 162 . Sketell. In all cases. I just like to keep my belly full. mi jus like fi keep mi belly full. Real Ghetto food: Dutty gyal (dirty girl) and Shake out are two terms used for canned mackerel. I am going to cook chicken back and drink two bag juices. mek mi fi feel di air. Mi nuh lub fi nyam tings weh come outta tin. the word ‘Fill’ as a verb is never used. eeeh! Dat man fava a dinna pig! Oh my gosh! That man is fat! Na lock di winda.The Jamaican Language Mi a go nyam some dutty gyal an drink a sketell. in a bag. of course. I am going to eat some tin mackerel and drink a boxed drink. Bag juice is the cheapest drink one can get in Jamaica. Eeeh. the word ‘Full’ is used in its place. let mi feel the breeze. Use lock up to say something is closed or unopen. Mi no know mon. In this case. Don’t close the window. mi did like it. Yeh mon. All di shap dem lock up. Gimmie braata! Yes. which is a food common among the poor. why do you want to eat so much. a ‘Sketell’ is a cheap-boxed drink that one sees in little Jamaican stores or vending huts. I liked it. A Ghetto steak is name for chicken back. I don’t know man. Give me more! No mon. wa mek you waan nyam so much? No man. means that something is very cheap. Mi a go cook some ghetto steak an drink two bag juice. All of the stores are closed. It is purchased and drank. when referring to anything.

mi belly full up now! Yes. I’ll order steamed fish and Magnum (Magnum is a drink). Afta mi nyam. Let’s go to someplace to eat and get filled. zeen? We are going to cook plenty of food later. So. Yeh mon. I want an avocado. I’ll help you make a lot of food. 163 . Yeah sure. I am full now! Wa leff? What is left. I love spinach. Mi wanna pear (peer). Mi lub callaloo. Let’s go back to our place to rest. After I eat. okay? Run a boat is an expression for a very large meal. I have niggeritis * Niggeritis is a term used when one gets tired after a nice meal.The Jamaican Language Wi a go run a boat woba mi yod layta. wi haffi prepare nuff food. Mek wi go pon one ends fi eat and full wi belly. mi hab niggeritis. we have to prepare plenty of food. Mi send fa steam fish an magnum. Yeh mon. mi a help yu up cook wholeheap a food. Mek wi go back a wi ends fi rest. So. which everyone cooks and/or contributes. “Ends” is common slang used to designate a place.

No man.The Jamaican Language Di forteent lesson Pon di road. “Babylon!” Mi nuh like di Babylon dem. Inna dem taxi dutty? Are the taxis dirty? Nuh sa. I yell. Weh yu waan fi go? Where do you want to go? Mek wi go dungtown. “Babylon!” When I see cops on the road. On the road. Tun yahso. dem always late an tek so lang fi come. Babylon a di police. Stop driving so fast. but dem faas. Disa place habbi wus roads. Tun leff ova dehso. Wheneva mi see policemon pon di road. Tap drive so lika madmon. 164 . Di wus! The worst! Dem like fi drive dem bling-bling van. Yu kyaan rely pon da bus driva dem. Tap drive so fass. Turn here. Yu ca drap mi off downa di roundabout. You can’t rely on bus drivers. You can let me off down at the roundabout. Lets go downtown. Stop driving like a madman. dem lub fi shot up di people dem. They like to drive their fancy trucks. they are always late and take so long to come. mi holla. dem nuh dutty. Di police dem a caal Babylon. The police are called Babylon. but they’re fast. they’re not. I don’t like the police because they love to shoot up the people. Turn left over there. Babylon is the police. This place has the worst roads.

I’ve been telling them for a long time. So she a fly go Florida. A bly is a favor. nothing will stop me. Getting a bly is getting courtesy on the road from other drivers. Wa mek yu neba inna haste? Why are you always so slow? Wa mek yu fi galaang so? Why do you go on so? 165 . Laang time mi a tell dem. Tomorrow I must go to Kingston at all costs. Too many guys have died driving their motorcycles.” * Asking or begging a bly means to receive space from someone on the road when driving.” I say to the car in front of me. “Gimme a bly and mek mi pass. Mi depan haste. Jamaican roads can be very narrow. mon! I am in a hurry. Mi gal vex. Mi a drive such a wutless cyar. “Give me a chance and let me pass. Jah know. So she flew to Florida.The Jamaican Language Nuff bwoy a dead a drive dem motabike. This parking space is extremely small and tight. I drive such a piece of junk. kill me dead. Mi sey a di cyar fronta mi. My girlfriend is mad. man! Mek haste! Hurry up! Dis yah parkin’ space come like neegle yeye (yī). So true. Tomorrow mi muss drive a go Kingston.

The mogle of wi bus is a 1980 Elcava. wi ask dat our seating passengers bear it if smaddy slide dung ina dem seat an squash yuh against di bus side. But seat kina ration. 166 . Please direct your attention to one “ducta” who will instruct yu on wi safety and model features. In case this bus is hijacked by a terrorist known as "Pick pocket". So. Dis mogle can survive any adversaries an cantraversies. The bus is capable of driving pon 2 wheels around corners and bends. wi stop any which part wi waan wi stop at every yaad gate—all ina miggle road wi stop.The Jamaican Language A nightmare bus ride in Jamaica or a normal event? Bus driver speaking on the intercom: Welcome to Bus 40. Wi asking dat yuh hop off a di bus step skilfully. Conducta: Hail up massive! Wi want yu to know that yu are riding on the safest bus dat run pon di Papine to Downtown route. Please do not yell out "Hey batty bwoy.. Di bus is not equipped wit seat belts. Rough Rider nuh response. In case of an unexpected police chase. Please hol’ pon di railing when di bus a tun di corna dem. “Lard. Pon exiting di bus. owned and operated by Rough Rider transports. due to wi commitment fi excellent service. mi dead now!” Our driva is an experienced driva an will mek sure di axle an whell noh bruk aff ina one a dem. di bus noh stop fi police. howeva. Yuh will be instructed to hol’ on tight an shet unu mout. wi nuh leave anybady straddling pon di streets. I will shot unu rass wid mi 45. please do not climb troo di window dem til unu pay unu bus fare. Tank yuh for teking di iriest Rough Rider Elcava pon di route. come off a mi rass lap!" Dat may cause serious shoot out. As a matta fact. please refrain from bawling out. This is NOT a non-stop journey. Jesas. incase wi drap ina one an kyaan come out. the driva will be forced to increase the bus normal speed from 100 mph to 160 mph. expect fi have up top 140 people in yah by time wi reach downtown. During di journey. hol’ di bwoy an murda ‘im rassclaat. if wi reach down toen ina one piece. In di case of a sudden bump. running from Papine to Downtown Kingston. Noh min’ dem. dis bus get nuff lick up an bad man shot up nuff time an it still drive like new! Dis bus sit up to 55 passengers. And hope yu enjoy di ride. Our seating passengers might experience seating passengers loosing dem balance an falling ova pon unu. But. If unu drap an lan’ pon unu backside an bruk sinting. Howeva.. wi may encounta unexpected turbulences. please na expect dis bus to come to a full stop. Wit dat said. When di bus a tun one wicked carna pon 2 wheelie. As unu can si. please prepare fa new passengers fi shoob unu dung before unu can get off. Deese are known as potholes.

disa Jamaica! Ebby night bashment a gwaan! I am telling you. and di Log on? Do you know the following Jamaican dances: the Scratchy. Let’s go dancing to some Ragga (new dancehall reggae) music this Saturday night. Mi try fi get di tunes weh jus come out yesiday. the Butterfly. Mi sey! Disa reggae musik bad like yaz. the Matrix. Matrix.j. chat too much bout unda gal pickny inna dem musik. and the Log On? 167 . Dee aht toonz. My gosh! This reggae music is awesome. Zip Up. Demya d. I try to get the newest music. Di dancehall musik mek a seh one yu nuh! Dancehall music is number one! Mek a seh one is an expression to saying that something is superior. the Zip Up. Mi tell yu say. Buttafly. Bad like yaz is another expression of greatness. this is Jamaica! Every night a dance party is happening! Mek wi move wi foot to some ragga dis Satnight. Those deejays talk too much about womans’ privates in their music. The hot music.The Jamaican Language Di fifteent lesson Di aat tunes. Mi waan fi bruk out to some old rockas! I want to go wild to some old reggae (rockers) music! Yu know di five dance style dem and ‘ow dem move: di Scratchy.

they say. nuh! I am looking to dance. “All girls SHOW SKIN!” Unno feel irie? Do you all feel good? When dem feel di bass. isn’t it? She a dance fram di start. You’ll see plenty of dancing from the girls on the dancefloor. den dem jus bus’! When they feel the bass. She is a superior dancer. When di DJ a come. then they just bust out! Mi lub dissa tune gaan to bed. Ya go see nuff whinin’ fram di gyal dem pon di dance floor. Yu did catch di pose? It wicked. Nuff stoosh people dem inna dis club. * To whine means to move your lower torso while dancing. 168 . don’t? She’s been dancing since the start. Disa musik cudden betta. The women know how to shake their bottoms. The music couldn’t be better. “All gyal SKIN UP!” When the DJs come out during a concert. Woman who do this very well are considered to be greatest dancers in the Jamaica. don’t (douan)? Did you see the pose? It’s great. now! She a champion.The Jamaican Language Di ooman dem know ‘ow fi whine dem bottams. I’ll love this tune forever (can’t stop loving it). right? Mi a look dance. I love this song so much. There are plenty of rich people in this club. dem a say. Mi lub dis tune kyaan dun. Champion is someone that is a good lover or dancer.

Dee mog-ah-ling tīpe. It’s only me in this world. Guess my riddle.The Jamaican Language Di sixteent lesson Di mogeling type. mi sey sekkle dung nuh an tap mek nize! Stop what you’re doing and relax. 169 . now! A ongle mi inna dis worl. The needle is in the bottle. Cease an sekkle. A so so war dung inna Miggle East. Can you handle the ride? It is not soft. The modeling (show off) type. or –tle. Men love the beautiful types of girls. Is haad. See di lickle turkle deh inna di miggle a di riva? ‘Im kyaan figga out‘ow fi get ova. Rules to remember: Jamaican Patois does not use words that end with –dle. Gess mi riggle. There is only war in the Middle East. Yu ca hangle di ride? Is no soff. Di neegle inna di bokkle. nuh! Don’t hassle or give me trouble. See the little turtle there in the middle of the river? He can’t figure out how to get over. Instead they use –gle or –kle. It is hard Di man dem a love di mogling type gyal. Mi love di scent a di cyangle dem. settle down now and stop making noise! Nuh hackle mi oh gi choble. I love the smell of candles.

Deh-pon dee street ka-na. Criminals will steal anything their eyes behold. I got robbed. “What do you want. they move very calmly to look for people’s wallets. Wa kinda runnings a gwaan outa street layta? What kind of happenings are going on later on the street? Mek wi go shap fi sit’in outa street. dem a move real cool fi look a man billfold. yu fi say.” Di two a dem a buck up inna street. Wi a buck up. On the street. Mek wi go pon di street corna layta disya eveling fi flex an chat. When mi depan di corna mi get tief’d. “Wa yu a deal wit?” When the street vendors come (higglers) just ask them. Not very polite. Everyday he’s on the street corner gambling. When di higgla a come. Lets go on the corner later this evening to chill and talk. Ebby day ‘im depan di corna a gamble. Bad bwoy tief anyting dem yeys behold. “Wa yu a deal wit. however.The Jamaican Language Di sebenteent lesson Depon di street corna. it is said to find out what someone wants. On the street corner. The two of them met up in the street. Lets’s go shopping for something on the street. When I was on the corner. Translates into. We met up (unplanned). Pon di street.” (What do you want?) “Wa ya’a deal wit” is a common expression. 170 .

‘Ow disa floor can dutty so offen? How can this floor dirty so often? Mi hab wholeheap a wok fi do inna mi yod. I have to say my prayers before going to bed. Each Saturday Miss Dee cleans her floor. I shall go to sleep. mi sleep dead. I can’t sleep this evening.The Jamaican Language Di eighteent lesson Life inna di ouse. When I am done watching TV. I have a too much work to do at my house. * Stoosh is a word that denotes the upper class. Dat computa deh stoosh! That computer is nice. 171 . Līfe in-na dee owse. mi a go sleep. Life in the house. Mek up yu bed ebby man’in when yu get up. this room is such a mess! Mek di place (pleese) look deestant. Mi kyaan sleep dis eveling. Make your bed every morning when you wake up. Mi haffi sey mi priors befo go a mi bed. disa room so chaka-chaka! Man. When mi dun watch TV. Make this place look decent. Rhaatid. Ebby Satday Miss Dee clean har floor. When mi tyad.

di seti a di sofa. Memba when wi depan di veranda di odda day? Remember when we were on the veranda the other day? Yu fava duppy! Wha’ppun to yu? You look like a ghost (scared)! What happened to you? 172 . sit down.The Jamaican Language When I am tired. the couch is the sofa. Disa seti comfatable. This sofa is comfortable. I sleep heavily. We watch TV on the couch. sidung. Wi watch TV pon di seti.

You know that you’ll waste much of your money on that. see mi a seh. I want to go get some girls at the bar. The bar. Red Stripe is the best! Yeh mon. Mi waan look an ketch some gal inna di bar. Bredren. Red Stripe a di bes mon! My friends. to “Lick dice” means to roll them) dice and later play poker. and drink rum and Ting. Most of the men come to play the gambling machines. Mek wi lick some dice and layta play poka. 173 . see what I am saying.The Jamaican Language Di nineteent lesson Di bar. But. zeen! Yes. A Wa ya drink? What will you be drinking? Gimmie tree bokkle a Red Stripe®. Yu no seh yu a go waste nuff a yu money pon dat. Mosa di man dem waan fi kyarri a gal home. I’ll have three bottles of Red Stripe. Mi like fi tek it easy. I love (Appleton ™) rum on the rocks. wi a drink dat hard yah. Let’s roll (“Lick” means to “Hit” in. Most of the guys want to take a girl home to sleep over. Mi lub (Appleton™) rum an stones. an drink rum an Ting®. shoot pool. shoot pool. Dee bah. I like to take it easy. we drink that to the fullest here in Jamaica! Mosa di man dem a come fi play jewka box.

If you’re drunk you can’t drive on the road. I am in the waters (drunk). Fi get a slam. I am not joking. “You have a sweet voice and are pretty like money. “Yu hab sweet vice and is pretty like money. Cyarry come gimmie nuh! Come bring me the beer now! Mi na’a joke. mi inna watas (waat-as). • To have something Stay means to let it be alone. Cha.” Listen to me now. Leave him alone. Mek him stay. mon! Mi kyaan deal wit no drunk mon! Damn! I can’t deal with a drunk! Yu level? Are you okay? Yeh mon! Jus’ rest mi. man. To get laid. mon. Leave it be.The Jamaican Language Mi ca kyarri yu a mi yaad? Can I bring you over to my house? Lissen mi now. Full up a ting a rum. Fill up a thing of rum. say. Yes man! Just leave me alone. Mek it stay. sey.” Yu waan mi fi drunk? An drive outta kantrol? Do you want me to get drunk? And drive out of control? Ef yu drunk yu kyaan drive pon no road. 174 .

Dege-dege. but yu a gwaan like yu nuh wanna raas chat to me. Gwaan pick up di poas. I mailed it last Thursday. Laang time mee ah wee-at. 175 . I’ve decided that I won’t be a lazy (idle) man. I am from America. so tell me what’s going on now! A Yu des? Are you desperate? ‘Im sey ‘im a des fi wuk. The letter must be mailed. He says he’s desperate for work. (Deh-geh deh-geh) Describing a single object that is measly or skimpy. so tell me wa a gwaan nuh! I’ve been watching you out for a while now and I’ve been wanting to talk to you. Mi buy disya dege-dege dakers fram one dege-dege man.The Jamaican Language Di twentied lesson Lang time mi a wait. Lang time mi a watch yu and mi wanna chat to yu. See di ooman deh? She grow mi. I’ve been waiting for this. I bought these cheap sunglasses from this skimpy man. See di poasman deh? See the mailman? Mi poas it tersday gone. Mi decide dat mi naa be nuh igle mon. Go an pick up the mail. Weh yu fram? Where are you from? I-man come fram foreign. Do you see the woman there? She raised me. Di letta musa poas. This is where I was born and raised. Disa weh I-man born an grow. but you act as though you don’t want to talk to me (cursing).

She doesn't have the full hundred. ‘Ol on. I don't want her. • A true is a very popular saying when agreeing with someone. She went on talking and crying and blah blah. It is like saying in America. Mi nah waan har. really. A true. She a ginnal. 176 . caa she a liad. I tell you I won’t go with her because she’s a liar. No.The Jamaican Language Di twenty-fus lesson See ‘ow dem a gwaan an ray ray—like dem a mixed-up blenda? See how they go on and blah blah—like they are mixed-up blender? She a chat an she a yeyewata an a ray ray. “Really. She wants to get a guy. She waan fi go ketch mon. Hold on. “Mixed-up blender” is a slang term to mean someone that talks to much.g. A true she no hab di full hundred. I don’t care about her. is that so?” or “It is so”.) She a go flirt up one mon fi bring yah. She is a phoney. You’re lying. (Ginnal also means to be a fake or liar. She went on and on…ECT). It is similar to “Blah blah” (e. A lie. Mi nuh kya (key-ah) bout har. She’ll flirt up a guy to bring here. Note: Use the “Ray ray” combination when expressing feelings of conversational hype and boredom or when unimportant talk has taken place. mi tell yu mi naa go wit har.

I get furious. see? Ooo baby madda dat? Who is the mother of that child? A she di baby madda.” You can also say. ect. zeen? I just can’t deal with that. which is the full story. “Just you wait”. capacity. It comes from the word. she pyur vex. See if I don’t leave you.. A so yu ‘tan.The Jamaican Language • The full hundred means to have 100 percent something. mi get heated. She wants my money but she doesn’t want to be my honey. Mi a tell har fi leff. Tan teddy. A so she ‘tan. “That’s how you are. 177 . So. I don’t like how he is. See eff mi nuh leff yu. Leff dat. “Just you wait”. When the money is done. Yu tink so? Yu jus tan deh. This means. That is wrong and unjust. Leave that alone. I don’t like it when she gossips about me. ‘Tan deh. Also. I’ll tell her to leave. Mi naa like when she a su-su bout mi. Di bus a leff mi. Mi no jus kyaan deal wit dat. Stay deh means. The bus passed me. She is the mother. entire truth. she’s very angry. That’s how she is. Yu see how yu stay? Do you see how you are? Mi nuh like how ‘im stay. When di money dun. if someone doesn’t have “The full hundred”. Stand still or steady. Leave me alone. Wa fuckery dat. Leff mi. they likely are holding something back. the word stay is often used for the same meaning. You think so? You just wait and see. Note on ‘tan and stay: ‘Tan is very much an expression. She waan fi mi money but she don’ waan be mi honey. “Stand”.

Di door waan fi tight. Kyarri come gimmie di ting deh. I’ll give you a hundred dollars for a bottle of engine oil. so follow me. yu mussi mad eff yu tan so close. Yu nuh know weh it deh. Unno tink mi did dun? Did you think that I was done? Don’ laas ‘i money. Move away from here. The door needs tightening. The house needs to be painted. Bring me the thing there. mi cyar waan fix. it “Needs” it.The Jamaican Language Di twenty-secon lesson Gweh. my car needs to be fixed. Mi gi yu hundred dalla fa one bokkle a ingin aile (ī’ll). so follow back a mi. How mi a go pay? Yu got eight dollar gimmie? How am I going to pay? Do you have eight dollars to give me? 178 . Di ouse waan fi paint. G’wey. Don’t lose my money. Go away. Gweh fram yahso. mee key-ar wahn fix. You don’t know where it is. When something “Waan” something. you must be craze if you stand so close.

see mi a seh? Every town has its don (drug leader / head criminal). A ooo di don pon dis place? Who is the don of this place? Ebby town hab ‘im don. 179 . He runs a crew from Lincoln Avenue. Can also mean a drug leader. A don is is gang or posse leader. Dis a di ghetto yu know. ‘Im run a crew fram Lincoln Avenue. Yu undastan— pure sufferation. 1998. Zeen? ” (Excerpt taken from the movie Belly. yu na see it. rude bwoy. I feel hurted fa dem. Yu can see I-man live lika king in Amerika—dissa weh I-man come fram. He runs the rude boy business. ‘Im run di rude bwoy bizniss. “Watch dis my yute. Ya see yahso? Disa di ghetto a Kingston. seen? And I-yah try my best dat tings can change.) Inna di ghetto one must look ‘bout safety. Yu naa sey mi a deal wit? I-man jus feel hurted fi dem yute dung deh. Zeen? Yu fi be di fittest of di fittest. fi survive. Do you see the man there? He’s the origional Jamaican Gangster. di slump! Zeen? Disa weh I-man baan an grow. Artisan Pictures. see what I am saying? See di mon deh? ‘Im di origional Jamaican Don Gorgon.The Jamaican Language Di twenty-terd lesson Inna di ghetto di don man a rule. In the ghetto the ganster rules. zeen? Pyur sufferation. In the ghetto one must keep safe. Yu haffi pick up di gun dung yahso jus fi survive.

(To dun a man is to kill him.) Yu waan dem fi bus’ gunshot and bruk out? Do you want them to burst out gunshots and become unruly? 180 . yu a walkin’ dead mon. “Respect brother” or “Respect sister”. “Reespek. Dem fi stop and check. mi a say di same ting. The don’s have killed many men. Real bad mon near ‘bout. Trust me. A don mon no ‘fraid fi shot up a guy—anyting weh move dem a shot it. If you make him mad. sa. you don’t want to test any bad boys out on the street. When mi see sum’ady mi a tell dem say. Some bwoy nuh know ooo dem a deal. They [need] to stop and check. he the word done. when I am leaving. when mi a leff. “Reespek bredda” or “Reespek sista”. Truss mi. Some people don’t know with whom they are dealing with.” If you see him make sure you say. Di don dem a dun nuff mon. “Respect. When I first see somebody.” Not only is it current slang to say the word “Respect” when greeting people. Jus cool mon! Just relax! If ya see ‘im mek sure yu say. hence. I say. Den. you’ll be a walking dead man. I say the same thing. A gangster is not afraid to shoot a man—anything that moves they shoot it. but also it shows that you are attempting to be cool and at one with Jamaicans.The Jamaican Language If yu mek ‘im vex. yu naa waan tess nuh rude bwoy raggamuffin outta street. Real bad guys are around. Then. sir.

He is a “Yardi” (a Jamaican) for real! Now. A time to be born. When di don dideh inna foreign. ‘im come back a look wife. ‘im did waan fi come back a Yaad. Sista Nancy a sing. he’s back looking for a wife. then you should get a fake passport. den yu fi get one bandooloo. A time fi dead. • A Don Gorgon is a very outstanding and respected person. 181 . but no body waan dead.” Sister Nancy sings. ‘Im a Yaadi fa real! When the man was in America. Everybody wants to to to heaven. “I was born and raised in Kingston six” (Meaning Kingston’s sixth district). If you lived in the ghetto. A time to die. you would buy cot till yu cudda able fi buy bed. but nobody want to die. If yu kyaan get visa. If you can’t get a visa. Now. Everyone needs a visa to go to America. A time fi baan. He said that he was a true ganster and blah blah. ‘Im a chat sey dat ‘im a Don Gorgon and ray ray. Ebbybody waan go heaven. “Mi baan an mi grow inna Kingston six. Usually of a criminal nature. you would buy a cot until you were able to buy a bed. If yu did live in’ia ghetto. he wanted to come back to Jamaica (Yard is a term for Jamaica).The Jamaican Language Yu a tess rudebwoy an yu gwine get killed! By testing a gangster. your going to get killed! Ebbry one need visa fi reach a go foreign.

not Adam and Steve. Moreover. Boom Bye Bye.S. rude bwoy no promote no nasty man—dem haffi dead. Or. a poll indicated that 96 percent of the Jamaican population was against the legalization of homosexual relations. Sexual talk. culture and well being of many Jamaicans. 1992) 182 . mind. Jamaican “Gay bashing” is not viewed as it is in the U. they are not ashamed of speaking freely and openly about getting it! Understanding this will prepare you for talking in a sexual nature (or at least being able to listen to it without feeling shy and offensive). perhaps reggae artist.The Jamaican Language Di twenty-fort lesson Di sex chat. the Jamaican population is homophobic one." (Buju Banton. Perhaps the strong homophobic attitude in Jamaica comes from the fact that 85 percent of children are born out of wedlock. Mastering this section will surely give you a feel for the culture. which leads to the truth that the vast majority of boys lack full-time male role models while growing up. Perhaps the common Jamaican macho-male attitude comes from deep-rooted uncertainties and insecurities.” "Boom bye bye inna batty bwoy head. (That goes for the remaining ones too!). This is simply part of the existing society. There simply could not be any Jamaican book written without this chapter. There are many creative Jamaican words and innuendos in this chapter. Sexual talk is the talk and act of getting “Work” (wuk = sex). Sex is an essential element to the life. which suggests to the killing of gays) “God made Adam and Eve. Shabba Ranks simply was right when he said (in approval of Buju Banton’s anti-gay song Boom Bye Bye. Jamaicans are not ashamed of sex. and actions of the Jamaicans—and may get you far in Jamaica! Please. Basically. also remember that in Jamaica homosexuality is definitely not accepted. In 1996.

The people waant to feel ecstasy (Sexual pleasure) in the bed. mi waan fi jam har. Uno ooman hab deese tings: glamity. Makes your dick get hard like a rottweiler. She waan fi wuk mi.] When mi see a ready gal. All women have these things: [naming the female sexual organ] these names mean the same thing. She waan fi sex mi. She wants to “work” me. I’ll let you f*** a nice Jamaican tonight if you can handle it. • Jook means to pierce or poke. Mek yu wood get haad like rottweila. Di people waan fi feel agony inna di bed.The Jamaican Language Eff ya naa hab no rubbas. I want to have sex. Di gal dem inna di go-go galang an shake dem glamity in front a ya. She wants to have sex with me. I need to buy some condoms for this night. Mi mek yu slam a fat Jamaican pum-pum tonight eff yu ca hangle ih. an pum-pum. yu no kyaan jook. If you don’t have condoms. Kinky Reggae 1999) Mi need fi buy some boots fa disa night. 183 . The girls in the strip clubs shake their [sexual organ] in front of you. alla deese a di same si’ting. When I see a sexy girl. punaani. thus it is used for commonly for describing sex. (A go go is a strip club.) Yu waan neegle yeye? Do you want a tight needle’s eye? [Speaking of a tight female sexual organ. go-go girls are strippers. punash. “Mi nuh know wa fi do wit a gyal so kinky. you can’t have sex.” (Chant Down Babylon album.

God I Know. I “hit that” (had sex) already. Gal yu so haat mi kyaan lock mi hose off. known as “Camel toes” in the U. (Cassava is fruit. My eyes turn over when my girl gives me a blowjob.) Jah know. Mi always ready fi a slam. Di man haffi spill ‘im seed pon di place. The sexually non-stimulating men can’t be the best in bed. yet still a one man pick yu cassava. yu body at like lava. Pssssst! Mi waan fi slap ya ting. Dat gal a skettle. [Hit your thing. Mi yeye dem tun ova when mi gal a clean. your body is so fine. Girl.) I want to have sex. Mi slap har aready. Women say that the non-stimulating men (worthless boy) don’t know how perform. That girl is a whore.] Di wutless bwoy nuh kyaan be nuh grindsman. Becase only one measly man gets her horny.) Some gyal dem mek man juice a waste. Gal.The Jamaican Language Di man lub fi see pussy printas. Men love to see pussy printers. mi nuh waan an old antique. The man has to spill his seed (sperm) all over the place.S. Girl you are so hot I can’t control my hose (penis). I am always ready to get it on. 184 . I don’t want a used up girl. Wa Cho! ‘ow yu know? What! How do you know? Becaa a one dege-dege man get ha’ ohhny. Some girls make sperm go to waste. Di ooman dem seh di wutless bwoy nuh know how fi cock it up. yet only one man has sex with you. (Pussy printers are very tight elastic shorts that show the imprint of the female’s sexual organ. Pssssst! (This sound is used in getting attention.

it means that sexual cheating has taken place. But I am not bossed by women. When a gyal bow she a call bowcat. After I drink magnum (either an alcoholic drink or a peanut based drink that stimulates the male hormones). Never salute (or praise) gay men. She looks me in the eye and tells me pure lies. “things are so nice when my girl cleans me.The Jamaican Language Further note: Jamaica as a whole (so they say) is not accepting of the performance of oral sex—especially the Rasta! Di Rastaman dem neba eat unda sheet. I’ll go look for a girl to get. “All fruits ripe when mi gyal a clean. She gi’ I-mon bun. Mi lub yu gaan to bed. Neva big up di battyman dem. Big up di ooman dem! Salute the women! Afta mi drink magnum. The Rastaman will never perform oral sex. But di mon musa seh. Mi get bun by mi baby mudda—she a tree bunna! The mother of my child has cheated on me—she has three lovers! She look mi inna yeye an a tell mi pyur lie. She cheated on me. When used in a context involving women and relationships. mi a go look gyal fi ketch.” But the man must say. But mi nuh saps.” Note: We will be introduced to the word “Bun” it means to literally burn or cast judgment. Wha’ppun yuutman? Yu like di chi-chi man dem? What’s up youngster? Do you like gay men? Cha! A wa ya chat say? Mi nuh like no battybwoy! Bun dem! What! What are you saying? I don’t like gays! Burn them (let judgments be upon them). Make sure you’re not cheated on. she is called a bowcat. When a girl performs oral sex. 185 . I am deeply in love with you. Mek sure yu naa get bun.

Mr. Mi know seh di strong money she afta. But di Rastman sey.) Mi lub fi see ooman inna batty ridas. That woman wants me to provide for her—to be a sugardaddy. Dat ooman depon di blue movie. Ebbry sket ya see ya’a waan screw. Guys. One weh tyaad just waan fi dweet an dun.S. pyur gyal.. mi say. Woman wish that some guy will bow (go down on) on them. pyur gyal waan mi. and all women) want me. dollars she is after. mi tan pon ih lang laas night. Di ooman wish tink sey dat. I stayed at it (sexually) for a very long time last night. “Pure women. Every skettle you see you want to screw. “Wi neva bow!” But the Rastaman says. I love to see women in daisy duke shorts (very short). Mr. pure women pure women (meaning many.The Jamaican Language Dat ooman waan mi fi bupps har out—fi be boopsie. She waan pyur dallas. 186 . She only wants monay.” Most men say. Mos man sey. (A “Blue Movie” is a porn movie. Bredren. “Pyur gyal. Mention get alla di gyal an alla di pum-pum. some bwoy a go bow dem. only. I know it is only U. That woman is in the porn move. Mention (a term for a very popular ladies man) gets all of the women. One who is tired just wants to get it over and done with. “We never bow!” Wickedest Slam Beenie Man (1995) Gimmie di gyal wit di wickedest slam Di kinda gyal who know how to love up she man And if you want to get di medal You haffi get di slam from a real ghetto gyal.

die out like flowers Repeat Verse 1: When mi stop an mi look inna mi crystal ball Mi get fi find out say. she up a Miss Joyce Busy mi get busy cause mi well want a slice Haffi make haste cause the slam deh pon ice Reach up a Jackie but mi start check wise Pyur bumpy bumpy deh pon Jackie eyes Pyur blister blister deh pon Jackie thighs It look like she have su’ppen under disguise Chorus 187 . nuh fall. at all. (woa naah) I want to see that girl next door But mek sure I have dem in store (check it) Chorus: Mi want a jook offa Jacqualine But mi haffi draw for my rubbers. a call. no man a nuh wall An most pretty gyal yuh kyaan trust dem at all. mek sure when yuh in love yuh nuh fall. a call. nuh fall (mi bredren) Chorus Verse 2: Mi si dung an mi check inna di system An mi decide say mi naah be nuh victim Nobaddi naah gimmi nutten weh nuh have no cure A rather ride no more No rubbers no ride yaah mi sistren Safe sex a weh mi strongly believe in An mi naah tek no check so mi makin sure Mi have codoms galore Chorus Verse 3: Rain a fall and mi temperature rise Jackie say fi check har. at all. for my rubbers Sex nice but the AIDS ting Wi mek yuh die like flowers. Mark and she deh with Saul She even have a married man over Whitehall So. at all (hey) Yuh find a young girl an through she small Yuh think say she naw gi yuh bun with Paul But if yuh ever hear how much name a call. a call (hey) She have Peter.The Jamaican Language Rubbers Frisco Kid (1997) Intro: I wonder more and more If prevention is better than secure.

For example: Bumbo claat and Rass claat. The essence of Jamaican bad words is mostly based upon nastiness and filth rather than religious blasphemy (e. Dee bahd wud. Of course. not everyone uses them. Wa di bumbo claat a gwaan? What the F*** is going on? Mi nuh gi’ a rass claat. “God Damn). which are the kings of Jamaican bad words. In Jamaica. both literally mean a rear-end cloth. Looka dat pussyhole! Look at that P****hole! Note: To say the word above. However. He carries on like Mr.g. some people simply do not like bad words. which is a cloth. Their American equivalence is like to sayng the “F” word. Any Jamaican Patois Language-Learing course without cuss words would be less than your money’s worth.The Jamaican Language Di twenty-fit lesson Di bad word. drop the ‘Y’ and say it again in a slurred manner using two only syllables. T. The bad words. Shut yu rass mout. Bumboclot T. I don’t give a F***. Pussycloth was the first bad word I heard in Jamaica. Shut your F*ing mouth. You will notice that the majority of the bad words use the suffix “Clot” (also spelled and pronounced claat). Wa di blood clot yu a chat bout? What in the F*** are you talking about? ‘Im gwaan lika Mr. bad words are used anywhere in any part of any conversation. 188 . (Pusswhool) Pussyclaat weh di fus word mi dida hear inna JA.

The Jamaican Language

Yu owe mi a big pussyclaat fava.
You owe me a very special favor.

Mi nuh wanna rass, mi nuh wanna fuk wit yu.
I don’t want to mess, I don’t want to F*** with you.

Rasta nuh flex wit no bloodclaat battybwoy.
Rastas don’t hang with a gays.

Run way battybwoooooooy
Run away gay boooooooy!

Uno wanna romp wit mi bumboclot?
Do you want to mess with me?

Suck ya mudda!
Suck your mother!

Suck out ya mudda pussyhole!
Suck out your mother’s P********!

Jump ‘im raas claat and shot up ‘im bumbo raas claat!
Jump him and shoot him!

Note: You can always say this to bloodclot, and that to bumboclot, and this to raasclaat, ect.
Mi nuh kya (kay-ah) to bloodclot, tek yu backside to bloodfiah.
I don’t care. Go to hell. (Blood fire means hell.)

The following page are examples of non non-bad words. They are mild expressions of surprise and excitement.

189

The Jamaican Language

Rhaatid, look pon di time!
Damn, look at the time!

Wa di blouse an skirt!
Blouse and skirt is a politically correct version of bumboclot!

Bloodcleet.
This word is like saying freak or friggin’ instead of f***. Basically, it is a comical version of bloodclot.

Jesum piece! Look pon dis.
My gosh! Look at this.

JESUM PIECE: This is a very mild and socially acceptable Jamaican expression.
Mi no like dis rass ting! I don’t like this thing. Wa cha! How yu can sey dat? Mi tell yu neva fi say bad wud.
What! How can you say such a thing? I told you never to say bad words.

Wa! Raas a nuh bad wud! Cha!
What! Rass is not a bad word! Gosh!

190

The Jamaican Language

Di twenty-sixd lesson

Time fi bun ganja.
Time fee buhn gan-jah. Time to smoke marijuana.
It must be understood and realized that Jamaica is a tropical country. This allows the Cannabis plant to be easily cultivated and enjoyed by many of the people. It is also the most profitable cash crop and provides many people with a source of income—just look at some of the big houses in Jamaica! Although ganja is illegal, it is as easy to get as tobacco and can be smoked freely—well, for the most part! Burning (a.ka. smoking) weed in Jamaica is as much a part of the culture as is listening to reggae music.

Hey, lickle spliff still.
Hey, I am looking for a joint man.

Yu got Rizzla?
Do you have Rizzler?

Note: You need to know that ganja in Jamaica is predominantly smoked in
a joint like fashion referred to as a spliff—hopefully one with a big coneshaped end. Rizzler is the king-sized rolling paper that Jamaicans enjoy. Rizzler remains one of the most popular imports from England. Always ask for “Rizzla Rizzla”. Rizzla

Yu bun weed?
Do you smoke weed.

Yeh mon, mi get red.
Yes, I get high.

Mi no bun di low grade, zeen?
I don’t smoke the cheap weed, see?

Yu did get a pull?
Did you get a hit or draw?

191

The Jamaican Language

When ya’a bun weed ya irie becaa ya know yu‘self an ya’a content wit dat, zeen?
When you smoke weed, your happy because you know yourself, and you are content with that, see?

So, if yu happy ‘bout yu’sef, den yu naa care (kay-yah) bout what di oddas dem a say.
So, if your happy with yourself, then you won’t care about what others say.

“When you smoke herb, di herb reveal
yourself to you. All the wickedness you do, di herb reveal it all to yourself—your conscience. Show up yourself clear. Is only a natural ting, and it grow like the tree.” —
Bob Marley

When ya smoke di herrb ebbyting cris—but dats weh Babylon a come fi yu.
When you smoke the herb everything is great—but that’s when the police come for you.

Mi hab no chaage, di ongly chaage I-mon hab is di ting deh.
I have no charges, the only charge I have is the thing just said.

Di ongly chaage dat I an I Rasta ‘ave is de herrb, zeen? I don’ (douan) ‘ave nuh mo’ chaage.
The only charge that I have is the herb, see? I don’t have any other charge.

192

wi fi gon mek one flex pon Negril disa weekend. You shouldn’t smoke ‘erb like me. Dat bighead spliff yu roll mek a sey one. Wi mus find some lambsbread. Is that cool? Lick up di chalice an lick up di spliff. the healing of a nation. “THE MORE PEOPLE SMOKE HERB. yu a get red pon one draw. Zeen. Look at the cool Rasta ganja-smoker over there. We got to find some crucial herb.”—Bob Marley “HERB LIKE FRUIT. Believe me.The Jamaican Language “HERB is a ting weh give a lickle time fi yuself. Zeen. Yo fireman (fiahman)! Mi aks eff yu hab sum hi-grade? Hey. should go to Negril this weekend and chill. shouldn’t smoke too much. the more Babylon fall. yu nuh! That fatty joint you’ve rolled is amazingly awesome! “TING IS…you Trust mi. Hit up the chalice (coconut Rasta bong) and hit up the spliff. Rasta I ask if you have any high quality weed? 193 . Yo mon. if yu use it.”—Bob M. keep your healthy mind clear”—Bob M.”—Bob M. Look pon di fireman smoka ova dehso. See di Rastamon deh? See eff ‘im can support yu. Do you see the Rastaman there? See if he can hook yu up. you’ll get high on the first hit (puff). Zeen? Hey.

.The Jamaican Language Cha. where sufferation I once know. we all had to sleep on the floor Storm it come and it blow dung mi door. this is only cheap weed (seeds. mi toe just a show.ey " Bang bang biddy bong bong. ey Mummy an daddy. mi nuh know a where fi really wan' go Mama tell mi "Nah rob drug store. all a' wi so poor. 194 . GANJA SMUGGLING. ya know? What! You have to pay to get some of that. Ina de mud me a pick kali bud an me a load dem down in off di top. Wa di bumboclaat. load up de van.. disa bare bush weed—pyur low grade! What the f***. mon! Haffi pay fi get sum a dat.. poor".. One by one. wi all had to sleep on the floor Storm it come and it blow dung mi door. Dung dere in da ghetto I go. 1982. the weed gaan a Spain Money jus' a pour like rain Mi jus' a mogel up the lane in a gold rolled chain Mi an mi girl name Jane Bang bang biddy bong bong. I can’t maintain the expensive stuff now. and sticks). Mi kyaan steady di hi-grade now. Eek-a-Mouse Biddy biddy bong bong. all a' wi so poor. poor.. police beat yuh. mi cry. mi nuh know a where fi really wan' go Mummy jus' a bawl "Poor.. CLASSIC GANJA DANCEHALL SONG Early. where tribulation I once know. you know? Tek hold pon dis yah—control dis. mi haffi nail up mi window Mi shoes tear up. early Sunday morning it was a big big ganja smuggling. Take this here—keep this. man.. she say "Son cry no more" Bang bang biddy bong bong. stems. mi toe just a show. mi haffi nail up mi window Mi shoes tear up. all of a ganja it ram Put it on a plane. mek yu back sore .. Hush. Dung dere in da ghetto I go. Sorry. ey Mummy an daddy. mon.

bun it all night It's all good. so mi go so. ay!!!!!!! Chorus: Mr. Vegas: Gimme di weed and mek mi meditate And gimme some time and mek mi concentrate And gimme di chance to kill di pirate (Elephant Man: Weed man from all over di globe!!) And mek mi send dem packin through di gate Gimme di weed and mek mi meditate And gimme some time and mek mi concentrate And gimme di chance to kill di pirate And mek mi send dem packin through di gate Verse 2: Elephant Man: Then. star? Leggo! So mi go so bun it all day. Vegas MODERN GANJA DANCEHALL REGGAE SONG 2 (2000) Intro: Elephant Man: Why dem waan stop di weed man tings. ten pound ah weed weh wi screechie pon di border Try stop mi wid all dem big bulldog yah Wi ah bun weed wi and John Delgada Leff from Jamaica bun weed ah Fort Lauder.The Jamaican Language BUN IT Elephant Man & Mr. it's alright Pass mi lighta cause mi weed haffi light Weed man from all bout tonight. Toddler love weed him all ah give him baby madda Hey Vegas gimme dat five hundred bag yah Kick back ah mi yard and all ah listen to Sizzla Boom Dandemite gimme ah rizzla so mi sing. Vegas: Gimme di weed and mek mi meditate (Elephant Man: Weh wi fi do wid di weed!!!!!) And gimme some time and mek mi concentrate And gimme ah chance to kill di pirate And mek mi send dem packin through di gate Gimme di weed and mek mi meditate (Elephant Man: Weh wi fi do wid di weed!!!!!) And gimme some time and mek mi concentrate And gimme ah chance to kill di pirate And mek mi send dem packin through di gate Elephant Man: Den!!. runnin wid mi weed and mi nuh si nobody fi stop mi Feds and di FBI dem waan fi trap mi Long time mi hear seh di fassy dem ah watch mi Nah give dem di chance fi come mob mi When mi big up di weed man dem inna Texas or Philly Move di shipment fast because wi nuh silly Wait till mi whole di one informa Billy Ah him bust mi shipment ah Philly So mi go so bun it all day. bun it all night It's all good. it's alright Pass me ganja cause mi weed haffi light! 195 . ay!!!!!!!! Mr..

Only Rastas here. “Wi dealin’ wit a higha divinity. Selassie-I. Lord. Rastafari. When dem young. Di Rasta dem a waan fi go a Zion. Africa. They let it to grow so they can beat the world with them. Di Rasta dem ongly eat I-tal. When they were young. Pyur Rasta dehya. Rastaman Vibration. Jah.ī. pure or vital (without salt). Rastafari. 196 .” –The Wailers I and I lub fi hear di Rasta dem strum pon di bass jum. The Rastas want to go to the Holyland. which is lightning an earthquake! Becaaz di earth a dehya come back fi ground don’t fix it. dem did wheel dem hair fi mek locks. Bare Rasta in disya place. Rasta ‘gainst Babylon. There’s only Rastas here. Raas-tah-far-ī. See-laas-see. The Rasta only eats organic food. Rasta is against Babylon. They don’t cut their dreads.The Jamaican Language Di laas lesson Jah. yu know! Caz mon is trying to be as powerful as God. Dem mek ee grow fi beat di world wit. they twisted their hair to make dreadlocks. Dem neba cut dem locks. Rasta mash Babylon. Rasta destroys Babylon. Ethiopia. I love to hear the Rastas pay their bass drum.

Di I-Mon land naa inna Jamaica but inna Africa. mon. Mek sure yu read bible and salute di mos high. (1999) Fool fool bwoy yu mus fi waan die. but is no I lan. Babylon gwaan fall. Any’ow.. Why afta yu feed di youth di baby still a cry? Yu need Jah insida yu life—mi no tell yu no lie.The Jamaican Language Nyabingi mon rise up and conka di bald head. 197 . Clean wi self an really start purify. That is where my roots are. Trust me. Allow'll real get di colour blue inna di sky. Yeh mon. Dat weh mi roots is.know wi straight multiply an a staight multiply. Excerpt from Rastaman Chant. Busta Rhymes— “JAmerican” Rap star (of Jamaican decent). Lang time wi a wait to see wi people unified. it gwaan fall. Jamaica is an islan’. Chant Down Babylon album. Nuh natty up yu head and worship Babylon throne. Jamaica is a island but it is not my land. The Nyabinghi man (Rasta) will rise up and conquer the people of Babylon. Dey want mi stop dis time sit dung di odda guy. Babylon is gowing to fall. Di ones ooo don't know dem a di ones fi aks why His Imperial Majesty really get crucified. Truss mi. it is going to fall. My land is not in Jamaica but is in Africa. yu try disrespect King Selassie-I—bruk two a yu foot an tab ina ya yeye wit propa infamation bout Ras-ta-far-I.. Don’t dreadlock you hair and worship Babylon’s throne. Betta believe that I and I will really verify the spirit of Selassie-I will tek yu very high. Wi dun uniform know wi straight multiply.

sound systems have been the mode of broadcasting music for decades. and frustrations. Today. and a new outlook towards the country’s harsh economic situation. which voices the current population's concerns. fun. and entertaining atmosphere for passers by! Jamaica is a culture that loves music—there is no doubt about that! The culture of Jamaica is. one could purchase a nice home stereo (record player and speakers) for about five percent of his yearly income. indisputably. conflicts. What a unique. a music culture. Today in Jamaica’s cities and towns. reggae music in Jamaica is known as dancehall. The music also offers an escape. These first mobile units came out of economic necessity in the 1950’s.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Part Five: Dancehall Explosion The RaggaVibration In Jamaica. they were mobile units (usually packed in a van as pictured below) that enabled people passing through town to be able to listen to music. In America. In the beginning. 198 . a humor. Tourists walking along any Jamaican city street will be able to hear the deep and pounding bass coming from massive sound systems blaring the current and popular Jamaican music—dancehall reggae. he would have to spend his yearly income to afford such a luxury. The music culture is a sound-system culture. Music is played everywhere on the small island. there are enormous speaker sets found nearly on every busy street corner. Dancehall music is present day Jamaican Reggae. At the same time in Jamaica. instead of mobile units. Jamaicans love music. fantasies. essentially.

” which several popular deejays performed including Yellowman and Charlie Chaplin. with this shift. Worst of all. This spawned the new music revolution of Jamaica called Ragga. many bandwagon artists lost touch with the everyday concerns of the common Jamaican. Bob and his contemporaries were looking for an international market. The most current and popular style of Reggae music is known as Ragga. The event was well marketed and a massive crowd of dancegoers packed the venue. reggae music keeps its original purpose—to dance! Today in Jamaica. It was at this time that songs of popular deejays ruled virtually all the dancehalls. The key feature of dancehall reggae is in the deejay. Unfortunately. Because of the big success of this show. which has generated many fashions and 199 . In this style. The Bob Marley era was the peak of Roots Reggae. and create a lively dance show. became boring. The main purpose of dancehall reggae music is to dance.” he or she will usually think of ragga. Ragga is the genre of what virtually all the new popular Jamaican songs are. it seemed that reggae had lost its original feel. the constant songs about Rastafari. With the success of Bob Marley. which was in the rhythm. In addition. To the native Jamaican. With the international efforts of reggae. The deejays are the ones who ‘Spin’ and compile the music. one main artist is backed up by digital instrumentation. which were previously popular. Such energy is found in the music through the deejay’s ability to ride di riddim. Ragga music uses popular beats and tunes that are mixed with available digital machines. Dancing to reggae is made possible because of the deep rhythmic vibrations. when one hears the word “Reggae. there was a show called “Dancehall ‘83. The new music that was being played became known as “Dancehall” and the name has stuck ever since. Listeners of Ragga will most certainly feel the desire to dance. (due to the deejays) the name “Dancehall” was used to promote later shows. and lost its appeal. In 1983. once digital music took off in Jamaica in 1985 and computers played a big part in mixing beats.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Dancehall reggae came from a vanishing Roots-Reggae era. dancehall became the in vogue scene. feel the audience. outdated. Dancehall has become the newest culture. thus. Reggae music established itself as music to enjoy while enveloped in a cloud of ganja smoke. whose music later became mainly lyrical and intellectual. but it became the new form of reggae music—deejay music. instead of having actual band members playing instruments. Bob Marley was the one who revolutionized reggae. it seemed that the local Jamaican people and artists were forgotten. dancehall was no longer just a place where dances where held. However.

T. Shabba Ranks. Carlene. innovative dance steps. bubbling with a creativity expressed through outrageous fashions. Vegas. Similarly. rolls her waistline and gyrates her body in the latest dance moves. Her individualized. Carlene has been romantically linked with Reggae bigname Beenie Man in the 90’s. risqué fashions. Lady Shaw. in Jamaica. pastel colored wigs. it is the female. Sizzla. Frisco Kid.K. Today's dancehall continues to be one of Jamaica's most energized environments. the parallels between U. Buju Banton. Spragga Benz. and Shaggy. as the Reggae rhythms blare from the sound system speakers. One should only know that rap and hip-hop music in the U.S. who reigns supreme. Although the dancehall scene is a male dominated one. Red Rat. a distinct vernacular and. she "Whines" her pelvis. Cobra. Today’s most popular Ragga deejays are: Bounty Killer. Antony B. leaving her male subjects breathless! Pictured to the left is dancehall queen. adorned with excessive amounts of jewelry. symbols. In reality. thigh high patent leather boots and enticing makeup expresses a bold and defiant sexuality. These deejays are the stars. are perhaps the biggest moneymakers in the music industry.. Elephantman. and idols of Jamaican pop culture. 200 .S. Capleton.O. its evolving music. reggae dancehall music is clearly the biggest export of music and has established itself with an exceptional global prominence. like a queen. Lexxus. Hip-Hop music and Jamaican dancehall are great. She has been one of Jamaica’s biggest female celebrities and sex symbols. Luciano. Ninja Man. Mr.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration attitudes. People often label dancehall as Jamaican rap music. of course. Beenie Man. Sean Paul. Whether it is or not does not matter.

Therefore. Suffer hard.” 201 . Don’t think we live in a bed of roses in this world. [Note: This section does not deal specifically with Rasta. None of the gun ever say “Made in Jamaica”. drugs…it’s not glorifying it. Dancehall reggae is a type of music that typically addresses sexual appetites and violent attitudes. it is a “Sex is big and guns rule” attitude.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration The truth that all forms of reggae music are based upon a beat is clearly evident in dancehall reggae/ragga. What’s going on in the ghetto? Guns. Because the people who manufacture gun is never going to stop. dancehall music also displays the current violence that resides in Jamaica. perfectly describes dancehall music as it pertains to violence: “It’s from people coming out of the street—out of the ghetto. They live hard. But they all come here. The music simply is a reflection of the truth—and the truth is of the people. One must remember that music. The deejay simply sings about what is real. Apart from the usual sexually explicit and implied lyrics.] Super Cat. And these are not people that live soft. After the quote below. a dancehall deejay also known as “Apache” (from his half-Indian ancestry). Just as how Roots Reggae sang about the truth of common injustice. Dancehall Reggae sings about the true appetites of the people. Only a select few are chosen to represent the dancehall movement. “The guns are here”. If you look at a gun you see “Made in Japan” or “Made in Germany or America”. Sufferation. The reggae beat is a true beat and it is the beat of the people. is a reflection of social reality. The songs chosen are surely among the most popular and lively dancehall songs of all time. there are several pages of popular dancehall songs and artists that reflect the modern Reggae/Ragga music era and are perhaps the most famous songs. So. In Jamaica. of all types. The youths are saying. this is what is sung. The gun was never made in the ghetto. what they got to sing about is nothing too soft. They singing about everyday living.

ohhh nooo. Unno a mad wi / In di latest Moschino dress / Tight up on ya chest / And ya body a grab mi / In ya mini skirt and Versace shirt / Man brains a hurt / And girlfriend trust mi / Anytime ya pass in ya C. gal ya sweet / 202 . ohhh nooo. mi unconscious Mi eye dem a pop out Cause mi nah stop lust Gal ya come first Man nah stop lust Aye. (1997) by Red Rat: Look pon dat gal deh intro Ah nuh need no intro Cause a so she a gwaan… Chorus Yo Hey you girl inna di tight up skirt Ya mek mi head swell til mi blood vessel burst Hey you girl inna di tight up shorts Ya speed up ten more beats to mi heart Hey you girl inna di tight up blouse Everytime ya pass mi.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Classic Dancehall Ragga Tight Up Skirt. ya get mi aroused Hey you girl inna di jeans Look pun dat gal deh See what mi mean 1. aye So why dat haffi print out Mi haffi hide inna mi car whey tint out Jesum All di while deh Yuh mek di whole a Main Street Crew go crazy Gad damn You hot like di sun and kyaan done Every man see ya well waan fi have fun Well. aye aye Chorus 2. gal ya hotty / Ohhh nooo.] Mi kyaan enjoy miself. glass / You a mash up mi rod / Every Tuesday night / Nuff man all a fight / Gal sleep at night / An mi feel ya a do it fi spite Chorus 3. JA. When mi go Cactus [A popular club in Portmore. Everywhere ya go man surround you (surround ya) / Inna bare lyrics dem / drown ya (drown ya) / Like di queen of England dem crown ya / And when ya walk pon di road dey play car man sound ya / Jesum. To how ya look sweet It hard fi mi do it But ya haffi give mi girlfriend bun aye.K.

it came as no surprise that Red Rat began performing as early as the age of four. Red Rat began to chase his dreams of becoming an international recording artist and emulating the success of his childhood idols Super Cat and Shabba Ranks. and Boyz II Men. Like Alanis Morrisette. good feeling. His maternal grandfather is white and paternal grandmother is Spanish. "Just to know that you don't want to go back to (being) poor and being in poverty motivate me.. Good feeling. 'wow'. Red Rat did not pursue the entertainment business as a career until he had graduated from high school in 1996. his eldest brother a bass guitarist for Diana King whilst his other brother plays drums and keyboards for the group KRU." This biography was courtesy of: www." Among the artists currently on Red Rat's private playlist are No Doubt. Taking center stage on Radio One and Kiss 100's stands. Alannis Morrisette.RedRat.com 203 . Everything But The Girl. With music in the Wilson family blood. With his unprecedented rise through the ragga ranks. "Y'see. dee-jaying under the name Mice (so called by his football coach).The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Red Rat—Born Wallace Wilson on 17 January 1978 in St. and the MC stop me and seh. they just use music inna different way and mek ya wonder. The only music I don't listen to is my music. After graduation. "I wanna take my music as far as I can. "I was born to be a musician or an artist. He was also on a mission to escape from the poverty of his childhood. Then. throw some money on the stage'.” His first big performance came at a school barbecue as a twelve year-old. His recent performances at Notting Hill Carnival was further proof of his popularity. His father was a guitarist for Byron Lee and The Dragonnaires. I don't listen to Red Rat. farther than Shaggy and Shabba and everybody. me love she. And them throw some money and burst me head.. Her style unique from everybody else. Me just t'ink 'bout God cos without God you can't reach nowhere…We're not limiting ourselves to dancehall music. his debut performance would turn out to be a memorable one. I mean real ragga dancehalls cos me know all types of music cos I listen to all types of music. there is no reason why he cannot go all the way to achieving his ultimate goal. Jamaica. Red Rat comes from a musical background. Red Rat's tiny frame had the crowds bumping to his sounds as he has done all over the Caribbean and United States. 'if you wanna hear more. He is called Red Rat because of a rat-like face and reddish skin color." Red Rat has truly captured the imagination of the youth with his charisma and music." Despite his eagerness to perform. "I draw some lyrics and the place bust. Ann's Bay.

. Mi did buss before mi start. when mi scent it. you si mi Yow si the truth ya . . cause Verse 2: Mi head hot mi fussa Mi third leg wussa...... Put on the turn on perfume. She inna nighty a pose off Mi did a try lock mi hose off. but mi start get lengthy Just get lengthy lengthy more lengthy. She really really make mi want to be like Usher.... Even a thirty forty fifty sixty. but now mi busser. Verse 1: She have inna one piece a temper a temp mi And mi feel tired and strength nuh deh deh plenty But the pose whe mi si mi woulda take a twenty. hey Verse 3: Watch how she pose Put on you clothes Wha dat a expose Unno look pan those! Good friends: Red Rat on the left and Beenie Man on the right. Try to avoid. hey Chorus: Mi seh mi cyaan sleep. Mi feel like crusher. She know mi is a luster... The nighty weh she inna just a get mi And if mi try to resist it woulda hurt mi She pop it off gees.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Mi Cyaan Sleep Red Rat (1998) Whe dem seh . a that alert mi And now mi cyaan sleep and it worth it. you si mi Yow from this little red youth yah . Mi cyaan get fi doze off Woman dem inna mi room a take her clothes off Mi waa piece. Mi realize seh her belly empty.hits fit the future .. 204 ..

full time wi all start support wi black bredda Maurice Malone. Di one dey name Moschino A AIDS lick him dung over Colorado Di one name Versace. say him nuh like no nigger But who di hell him think him is. Karl Kani last forever Gal yuh have the face an yuh shape like mi bimmer Nuh mek nuh bwoy gi yuh no Hilfiger What a calamity Di whole a wi a wear Versace A wear Moschino. An mi Versace blazer (RPT) 1.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Brand Beenie Man (1997) Cho : A bet yuh never see mi inna mi Mecca Nor Shabazz Bredda.00 US fi a Mecca Black man. dem a tell mi sa him funny Di one whey name Hilfiger. dem two guy dey funny Although mi wear it too but be careful wid yuh money See Karl Kani dey guh buy it Cho 2. Some bwoy get up say dem a di best When yuh check out dem brand dem only dress up inna Guess Inna dem shirt an dem vest. nor mi Karl Kani sneaker Yuh never see mi inna mi Ruff But Yuh see mi Hilfiger. Black man nuh like him either Cho 3. Material rise Italian the whole world dem conquer Fi Jean Paul Gottiere yuh haffi have nuff paper A 89. mi nuh know him full story All mi know di media print up. All dem a talk yuh know mi naw beg nuh fren Yuh shoulda see mi an di girl dey Whey she name? Donna Karen A drive down Broadway mi an har two children Den mi buck up Gottiere him an im funny fren’ dem D & G like Guiness and beer Now yuh hear say a big brand mi wear Mi nuh care Cho 205 . Ruff Jeans. Dem a guh mix up inna mess Over Fort Clarence Mi see Frisco Kid ponal leave him pon di bench Dem love di Franco.

...Yes A nuh one a di whole committee inna di city dem ya kitty Naah guh share wid nuhbody else...Yes Any time mi aguh bore dem same time mi adore dem When mi rip off dem negligé And once mi can afford dem den me ago sport dem Put dem all pon display A suh dem nice mi cyaan ignore dem suh mi haffi tour dem Tek dem all over to L. an nuh witty dem nuh gritty mi haffi put dem pon mi bookshelf. anytime wi lure dem Fi tek a ride along di freeway Di way dem gal ya nice and pretty. an nuh witty dem nuh gritty mi haffi put dem pon mi bookshelf.A..Cau Di way dem gal ya nice and pretty.....Yes Di way dem gal ya nice and pretty... an nuh witty Dem nuh gritty mi haffi put dem pon mi bookshelf.. an nuh witty Dem nuh gritty mi haffi put dem pon mi bookshelf......Yes A nuh one a di whole committee inna di city dem ya kitty Naah guh share wid nuhbody else.... Den a suh wi aguh score dem.......Cau Mi very picky when mi choose dem who nuh good mi loose dem When me a run mi survey And before mi guh bruise dem mi tek dem out and crusie dem Inna mi yatch along the bay 'Cause mi know mi enthuse dem and mi amuse dem Wid mi lyrical display Same time me naah confuse dem Di Doctor naah abuse dem A pure loving widout delay 206 ..Yes A nuh one a di whole committee inna di city dem ya kitty Naah guh share wid nuhbody else.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Bookshelf Beenie Man (1998) Di way dem gal ya nice and pretty.Yes A nuh one a di whole committee inna di city dem ya kitty Naah guh share wid nuhbody else.....

mi waan you listen to the hay Look pon a man like me. just ah small wozzie Reach pon di ends man ah go shoot everybody Plus man lock dung di city Cool. dem ah flash off ah me tongue Bwoy you fi done I rather go on death row. nuff ah dem ah wussie How you fi try dis di rude boy posse Naw use no big gun. Vegas (1999) Chorus Sey badman nuh flee. caw man ana no rummie If yuh dis di program you go jump up on di cd When mi come back well somebody have fi dead music mi ah sing from after di DJ 207 . stop yuh noise now. wey sho people liek fly I must lock him up and give him bun ina him eye First verse Hey no bwoy can dis me. after dem bwoy dem nuh tough like wi Some only bad thru dem a walk ina posse dem a fool Caw dem nuh see how we lock di city And dem done nuh tough like wi (repeat) So me say badman nuh wait pon night fi come down Anything fi happen mek it happen and done Naw catch me ina no bar ah drink rum Naw lef me yard careless fi get bun Well if you nuh come When me pop off den somebody life done Dis ya DJ naw go smoke opium Well ah run mi lyrics.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Bad Man Nuh Flee Beenie Man & Mr. naw lef mi family ina sorrow Don't take man fi fool or we go find yuh in ya owna blood pool Wicked man dey ya and a mi run di school Contious lyrics and mi know dat ah mi tool Cause yah we rule Nuff ah dem ah walla wiss. than rough it out like John Crow Badman naw play zero.

Beenie Man was also named #1 selling reggae artist by Billboard magazine in 1998 and 1999. Patrick Roberts. The established Jamaican star -. he lived in a government 'tenement' yard in Jamaica.” "Art & Life is about the way an artist paints a picture . I had to win. Among the kudos. 22 August 1973. Beenie Man was spotted by the controller of the Shocking Vibes label. He started his musical career toasting Perhaps Beenie Man’s most well known song is “Girls Dem Sugar." "Let Him Go. During this time he has enjoyed high profile media exposure with performances and profiles on Fox TV.has earned enormous acclaim and numerous awards for his previous work.” in which he asserts that he is the girls’ sugar. Since recording his first single at age eight. Kingston. "I won the concert out of about fifty artists. radio DJ Barry G introduced him to King Jammy 's. However. Indeed.' CNN. where he soon established notoriety. Volcano and other sound systems. and encouraged the young DJ. he has toured extensively in Europe. a broken foot made him realize." "Number One. With his Virgin Records debut album. Asia. Waterhouse. After winning the Teeny Talent show at the age of eight. "It's about the inner man and the outer man. MTV. Jamaica.” 208 . Music surrounded the young Beenie Man. I would win $25 JA and two boxes of beer for a contest. he has gone on to release numerous indie albums and became the highest selling reggae artist in the world in 1998.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Art and Life ushered in Beenie Man's worldwide recording pact with Virgin Records. among other major media outlets on both sides of the Atlantic.known for such hits as "Who Am I. the "Keenan Ivory Wayans Show. Beenie Man won the Reggae Grammy for that year." Beenie Man is well positioned to take the next step in his career ascent. resulting in the release of The Ten Year Old DJ Wonder.but a picture also paints an artist. With his mother and many siblings. NBC's "The Weekend Today Show. received a Grammy Nomination for the album: Many Moods Of Moses. West Indies. I never lost a DJ contest. and in 1999 Beenie Man was again nominated for a Grammy as Best Reggae Artist. and BET. and Latin America in recent years. Beenie Man and his compatriots. Born Anthony Moses Davis.. Art and Life (2000). where regular Rasta-Nyabinghi drum and chant sessions attracted the neighborhood's many musicians. Beenie Man was selected to attend many schools because of his strength at football." Vibe TV. A dynamic live performer. I have to go to school and my mother don't have no money. including Black Uhuru." explains Beenie Man." and "Nuff Gal" -." "Bookshelf. His popularity inspired Bunny Lee to invite him into the studio." Roberts recalls. His uncle Sydney Wolf was a musician playing drums for Jimmy Cliff. the Shocking Vibes Crew. "He was talent itself. at the age of five. the $25 JA was my lunch money. the beer was my shoes and school uniform money. the U. Bunny Wailer and Bob Marley. BBC-TV.S. and the Wailers' Peter Tosh. Many Moods Of Moses was named ASCAP's 1998 Reggae Album of the Year. Improvising at a local talent contest at age six. Beenie Man remembers that night. “Music is my only hope.” Football (soccer) and music are traditional escape routes from the ghetto. “Beenie Man is di girls dem sugar…Dem girls dem need this nigga.

nicknamed for his albino appearance. Still energetic and sharp. He knows he's got it. Yellowman developed a bold and cocky style and engaged in shameless selfpromotion.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration He is referred to as "King" Yellowman because in the early 80s. One hit followed another and in the wake of Bob Marley's death. and his audiences accepted him for his self-effacing humor and lyrical cleverness. In the course of his quest for fame and validation. more serious approach to his music. Yellowman. which transformed him into a national sex symbol. leading to a worldwide tour and an international following. He built his early career around the fact that he was an albino. and it's a trip just experiencing him perform. got his start in the late 1970's as a young DJ toaster (rapper). His "Freedom of Speech" album was nominated for a Grammy Award in 1997. he was at the forefront of the transformation of reggae. and raunchy dancehall performances. His records were both witty and relevant. he has not let these difficulties stand in the way of his aspirations. "Listening to Yellowman sing is like watching Michael Jordan play basketball. With a major talent show victory under his belt by 1979. Yellowman was the most popular reggae artist of all time." In recent years. you know he's got it. Yellowman went on to make scores of recordings—numbering close to 40 by 1982. Jamaica. He won the annual Tastee Talent contest held in Jamaica in 1978. Born as Winston Foster in 1959. Yellowman eventually became Jamaica's top-selling reggae star and scored a recording contract with CBS Records. He thrilled audiences with his wild. and his slack lyrics (sexual) were completely hardcore and explicit. One reviewer remarks. 209 . he was also an alumnus of the Alpha Boy's school where many reggae artists and musicians got their early musical training. garnering the attention and opportunities he needed to highlight his abilities. but like the struggles of his early days. but his dancehall riddims became more melodic and some of his songs have become more conscious. and within a matter of months became a headlining act on Jamaican stage shows. in Kingston. Yellowman's bouts with throat cancer and skin cancer have resulted in a mellower.

"I used to punch riddim tracks on a jukebox within a bar and sing along." At first. being like a pilot or a mechanical engineer. he already felt that music might be his calling. Shabba was growing into his nowtrademark voice. Shabba was the force that broke dancehall style reggae worldwide. Gregory Isaacs. when King Jammys engineer Bobby Digital left to start his own label in 1989. Shabba was the dominant presence in the Jamaican reggae scene. at the age of 20. "I used to take ten-cent coins. Much of the excitement was fueled by the marketing genius of Ranks' agent. His concert appearances provoked hysteria and. Shabba was now a sexually charged stage persona. it is undeniable that Shabba has been instrumental in gaining mass exposure for reggae-influenced music.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration The author’s favorite: SHABBA RANKS The word "Shabba" refers to an African king. Ranks recorded his first song." which displayed his penchant for x-rated "Slack" lyrics. Josey Wales. He honed his rapping skills while studying engineering (at his father's insistence). who brought Ranks to some of Jamaica's top producers in the King Jammys conglomerate. In 1985. One of Ranks' first releases on Digital B Records was the hit "Wicked in Bed. and Leroy Smart. intelligent black man with a big booming voice. The name Shabba Ranks conjures up such images as: A living legend. at times. Shabba loved the Kingston club scene and was transfixed by the "Chatting" of DJs like Yellowman and Josey Wales." Shabba recalls." The song was released as a single on the Roots Melody label. "Ranks" connotes mastery of microphone skills and styles and the name complements his stature in both physical proportions and his dominance in the dancehall scene. I used to put coins in that jukebox and punch songs by Dennis Brown. "Heat Under Sufferers Feet. "They'd only approve of going to school. Shabba's parents did not look kindly on their son's love of music. a throaty-yet-powerful rasp. the young man (known to his parents as Rexton Rawlston Fernando Gordon) found himself surrounded by the vibes of reggae sound systems. Clifton "Specialist" Dillon. Ranks earned the notice of his idol. Shabba is a two-time Grammy winner for Best Reggae Album. However. that is how I started practicing. described as "Reggae's Michael Jordan" –a Jamaican ghetto youth turned musical monarch—a strong. to name a few.” As a teenager. By the early 1990’s. Born in 1966 in the city streets. in 1992 and '94 and was the first reggae DJ to win a Grammy. "getting an education. Ranks accompanied him. At the same time. riots. none of which established him as a force in Jamaican popular music. Through the brand of hip-hop-infused dancehall music Ranks popularized in the early '90s made some reggae purists cringe. Specialist began grooming Ranks for international 210 . Ranks recorded a host of singles with King Jammys." he explains. At an early age.

mon. mon. saying.his duet with Maxi Priest. "I used to call myself 'Co-Pilot' because there was a selector from a sound system that I used to chat for and his name was 'The Navigator. he turned down Luther Campbell (of 2 Live Crew). A welder chooses his welding torch and his welding rod in order to make him a man. Ranks hit a speed bump when he was pulled into the controversy surrounding "Boom Bye Bye. Love Punany Bad. 1992). 1991. Shabba maintains his humble philosophy: "Within the line of music. X-Tra Naked." Shabba’s classic songs include: Trailer Load of Girls. and from that day until now. It did not match the success of its predecessors. A Mi Shabba represents a new peak in this remarkable career.' He spin it on the wheel and I chat it on the mic." and many of Ranks' live shows were accompanied by protests.” Josey Wales. "Josey Wales started telling me." he says." another #4 R&B hit).g. saw the potential in this youth who had begun calling himself Shabba Ranks. Realizing that Ranks' hip-hop/reggae blend had crossover potential." By that time. Some of us are poets. Ranks refused to condemn the song." In the wake of his statement.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration stardom. it's no turning back. Ranks was dropped from a scheduled performance on the "Tonight Show with Jay Leno. which went to #4 R&B and breached the Pop Top 40). You must take it to the studios. and Ranks has been relatively quiet since. Some of are teachers and some of us are preachers. and Caan Dunn. "Some of us are prophets. instead signing with the major label Epic Records. During a British press interview. Ranks returned with A Mi Shabba in 1995. Maxi Priest (Housecall. Shabba had already made history by bringing dancehall style to an international audience--before the gold albums (As Raw As Ever. X-Tra Naked. Ranks repeated his Grammy achievement with his next album. the Grammy Awards. Johnny Gill ("Slow And Sexy. Specialist was also a canny businessman. then one of Jamaica's hottest deejays." was a hit. 'You got talent. To conquer America. his last release for Epic. I chose the lyrics. and the historic collaborations with KRS-1 (the #1 rap hit "The Jam")." a gaybashing single by fellow reggae artist Buju Banton. Shabba just make all music. you deserve to be crucified. 211 . Ranks steered his music toward the R&B market. However. who reportedly made a six-figure offer for Ranks' contract. "If you forfeit the laws of God Almighty. arriving onstage via helicopters and machine-gunned sport bikes as in the 1999 movie Klash).' So I lace up my shoes and buckle my belt. investigating deals with American record labels and introducing Ranks to some very rock 'n' roll promotional tactics (e. and Queen Latifah ("What `Cha Gonna Do?"). It worked -. "Housecall. Love your voice. and his first Epic album (Raw as Every) won a Grammy in 1991. the world tours. In 1992.

212 . Every woman weh pass him a beg har a search. An a move well cool a look fi man billfold. Spragga is one of the “hardest” dancehall artists and enjoys his “Thug Nature” status as his current logo reads. And waan test man a road him better shot up the street. Fly by day pitch by night. a. but if a bwoy feel bad and ready fi dweet. And satalite fi get dandimite. has attained and maintained a level of Inna him face wi haffi land all a shoes. Some bwoy a talk how dem des. Some bwoy woulda rob yu fi yu shoe. Now him a come a rallly back bout a man fi pay him dues. Dem a move too hype. Wi a bwoy weh nuh deal with defeat. Cho: Spragga Benz Verse 2: After hours a road dem turn real critchowl. Verse1 Bwoy deh pon wi corner like a fowl him a perch. Cho: musical notoriety only dreamed of by other aspiring Jamaican deejays (deejays are the reggae equivalent of a rapper). And some bwoy a look man fi rob.k.a Spragga Benz.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration BWOY SOME BWOY By Spragga Benz (1998) Intro: Watchie pum fi get bottle boom. Cause dem bwoy deh wi no like. Woulda thief di silver woulda move di gold. Some bwoy a jook down fi car. Some bwoy a tell dem a who. Cause if a gun fi brandish an a corn fi beat. Some old thiefing bwoy. Cho: Some bwoy a gwaan like dem bad. If a man try dis him corner a go bruise. Is a half a brick him get fi go a public go nurse. Some bwoy wi tekthe chain off yuh chest. Wi haffi wonder if di bwoy a put coke to use. Some bwoy a look man fi war. Carlton Grant. Say him des fi a food and how him welll want apurse. Dem deh bwoy thief anything dem eyes behold.

Mr. bwoy! Most a unno full of. watch she a gaze inna space! Tanya Stephens Tanya is a symbol feminine independence. of 213 . full of pure self praise Hot fire dey yah but the wood naw blaze God haffi work a miracle fi mek the dead raise Round dem up and lock dem up di days Man a kick back say him naah watch no face While him woman a relax pon another man base To how it look yah now is like him soon get replace Him say badman nuh worry bout no petty case So him write him name another man come erase Dem call him Mr. Mention Ask Yuhself this question Unno say unno a Don man An a unno run the program. the program But have yuh ever stop to think wha mek a gal cheat Yuh need fi check yuhself before yuh start kiss yuh teeth Caw yuh nuh ready fi this yet bwoy Have yuh ever wonder what mek a girl cum A woman fus fi satisfy before yuh say yuh done Yuh caan say a thing if yuh end up a get bun Caw yuh nuh ready fi this yet. bwoy! Mi hear a little fool a say a him rule the world How hima bounce Kerry and a sleep over Merle Get yuh act together ‘fore yuh find another girl Caw yuh nuh ready fi this yet bwoy Di yuh even realize say woman have mood Yuh haffi know fi handle it when gal a gwaan rude Dats why another man a eat whole heap a unno food Caw unno nuh ready fi Unno nuh ready fi this yet. Hurry cause him ever inna haste Sometime gal haffi wonder if him did a get a chase Him a sleep.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Ready Yuh Nuh Ready Fi Dis Yet By Tanya Stephens (1997) Introduction: Oy.

Hailing from a heritage rich in creativity—his mother is a renowned Jamaican painter. and when dem walk pon di road dem hafi cause man headache. yeah yeah Dutty Yo! Yo yo yo yo! Sean Paul a mek di whole world know From a gal nuh up to date wi deport dem Can’t keep up wit di trends wi report dem If a nuh di modeling type wi nuh court dem But if a di big beauty queen wi support dem Again Again wi nuh sorry. dem hafi ready Can’t keep up wit di trend man a lef it Bad man nuh sorry cause wi done hit di cherry Done legendary nuff gal wah fi marry One ting wi hafi tell dem necessary Big-up unu self if unu got it From a gal nuh up to date wi deport dem Can’t keep up wit di trends wi report dem If a nuh di modeling type wi nuh court dem But if a di big beauty queen wi support dem Again Yo. Unu listen to di words wah Sean Paul a him a chat And big-up unu self if unu deh pon di top Unu chat. He can claim ancestry from a myriad of cultures: Africa. While fleeing Portuguese bounty hunters.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Deport Dem By Sean Paul (1999) Dutty Yo!!! Yeah yeah. five gal ina mi contrary Now maintain hype yah Kerry From a gal nuh up to date wi deport dem Can’t keep up wit di trends wi report dem If a nuh di modeling type wi nuh court dem But if a di big beauty queen wi support dem Sean Paul with his trademark performing goggles. unu stop. gal hafi shape. a dutty wuk di gal dem ina every territory But wi hafi start keep dem ina category Mandatory alla mi gal dem hafi fit. wi tell dem leave ya Cause wi nuh wahn nuh grate up wit alligator Wi talk straight. they shipwrecked on Jamaica during a daring escape. A legend has it that his father’s ancestors were horse rustlers in Portugal. perform honorary Wuk ina di gal dem mek dem feel well merry Not imaginary nuff a dem a seh mi very sexy Dem well wah Dutty come burry But wi hafi tell dem one ting customary Keep it tight just like di military And mek sure yuh tight extra-ordinary Three. yuh get because yuh fat And dutty cup yute dem never a want dat Dem big. four. 214 . Sean Paul represents a Jamaican with a very diverse lineage. Europe. Sean Paul Henriques was born in 1973. and China.

a whappen to yuh? Seana Paul and Mistah Vegas again dutty yo Trilalalalalala boomboom shi laay I an I buck a hot gyal today lalalalalala boomboom shi lau I an I man haffi get di gyal yaah Well. Vegas (in bold) and Sean Paul (1999) Hey me and yu kyann guh nuh weh yu know Shut up yu moooout A my gyal dat my yute My boo Yow. a man nuh ole poppyshow Becau mi haffi mek a try Haffi get a bly Getti neegle eye I an I naah guh romp wit nuh guy Or mi haffi mek a cruise inna mi rubbah shoes gal a get bruise Seana Paul win an Vegas a lose Shilalalalalala boomboom shi laay I an I buck a hot gyal today lalalalalala boomboom shi lau I an I man haffi get di gyal yaah An mi alone have di key to har apartment Shi only waan use Vegas fi pay rent Shi seh shi love mi body scent an mi accent Shi nuh waan nuh likkle bwoy wheh jooks wid him parents But nuh see how mi have di gyal weeee-eak? Ooman want a man wheh can dweeee-eet Shi want di lovin right trou di wee-eeeek An shi nuh waan nuh man wheh love slee-ee-eep Could yu be tellin mi dat I-man is a punk when seven days a di week nuh an yu stop from get junk? Well I-man bun up di chronic—a di highest grade skunk an charge up mi body cau Jah know mi naah flunk. Ay! 215 .Jah know seh a war bus’ between Seana Paul and Mistah Vegus A which one a pour di coffee dung in har t'ermos? Mi haffi get da gyal yah now man a gyow yuh deh gyow Shi leggo har numbah pon mi would be di wrong numbah yow Mi beg har for a date An den shi kill yu wid di "No" Seh dutty still know man a nuh bait. competition haffi gwaan ca’ me fus Sight da gyal yah .The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration HOT GYAL TODAY By Mr.

yow hey Chorus: Dem gal deh over deh so. but dem fi move and goway. dem a flex like cellular Hand to hand and a get use regular.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration War By Mad Cobra (1998) Intro: Which gal a dis and she nuh inna your class. miggle tight. Run go bye weh she sight you a wear. Make a gal know you nuh frighten. Verse 3: Teeth white. He was a hardcore deejay at that time and was controversial for promoting gay bashing in such songs as "Crucifixion" long before Buju Banton and Shabba Ranks gained similar notoriety. His nickname came from a character in the G. 216 . How them go trust hair style fi dem hair. He was the first dancehall artist to do so and only the second in all of reggae to have that distinction. Bus it out because mi still a chat say Verse 2: Follow follow naa put them nuh where Dem coulda vex till them bus’ you nuh care. Inner City. Yow if dem did hot dem coulda chat.I Joe comic books and was given to him by a schoolteacher who noticed young Brown's tendency to doodle fearsome snakes all over his notebooks. How she fi dis and she nuh inna your ya gi di yow Which gal a dis and she nuh inna your class. You haffi move with the new hype this year. and future bright. and Climax. See the done project over there. dem a move like cellular Hand to hand and a get use regular. Left them pan the bypass. Dem all a plan fight you. A look you man and turn round want fi war. He got his start with such sound systems as Mighty Ruler. A look you man and turn round want fi war. Well if a war them a wha??? WAR! Gal over deh so. Liberty tek and everybody start hear. Work wid it and mek a gal know you hype Nadia nuh worry cause you done know you nice A ‘iggler top mi si the whole a dem a mek Like a you make a gal nuh really know how fi dress Mi never hear nuh nobody seh dem gal deh ready yet All inna sun hot them a wear turtle neck Deejay Cobra or Ewart Everton Brown a. wid acid fi spoil you.a. It was his uncle Delroy "Spiderman" Thompson.k. Well if a war them a wha??? WAR! Verse 1: True the man dem like and the man dem a hype you. Before you haffi bus out weh dem dashway Furthermore hot gal nuh wear them deh. Man all weh blind say him see you as the wife. Caa bruck out gal underwear tear. Mad Cobra was only 26 years old when he became the first dancehall reggae artist to score a #1 hit on the US Billboard pop charts. The gal and her friend dem nuh like you. an engineer at Tuff Gong Studios who produced his debut single "Respect Woman" in 1989.

I've made up my mind to end up in the morgue. Bounty Killer stands steadfast in his conviction to defend what he believes is right for his people. Bounty Killer is a devoted Father. I can feel your fear. Take another look. dem a go bus dem gun. “Some men are all about the leg and the thigh. Look into my house. don’t be mad at me it's a survival ting. Can you see my kids? Let me ask you this. Can you hold my stare? Why are you afraid of my hungry face? Or is it this thing bulging in my waist? Chorus Verse 2: Look into my life.’ have all kept the ladies enthusiastically happy throughout Bounty Killer’s career. he is mobbed by his legion of fans. Listen to my voice.’ ‘Cellular Phone. though he is yet unmarried.’ ‘Request. Well. Can you see the wealth? Can you tell that I want to help myself? But if it happen that I stick you for your ring. do you know what hungry is? Well. When I find someone with the qualities of Miss Ivy.” he illustrates. whilst most other Dancehall artists chase and try to reflect the American Dream. Verse 1: Look into my mind. But. wouldn't you bus’ gun shot? Look into the schools. cause man a live like dog. Stop and ask yourself. “This is not JAmerica. are you worried yet? You've been talking 'bout you want the war to cease. and has always been a firm favorite with the females.” he thunders. Allying himself with VP Records is a clear signal that Bounty is 100% devoted to the promotion of pure. whether ‘Yard’ or abroad. Tell me what you see? Can you feel my pain? Am I your enemy? Give us a better way.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Look Bounty Killer (1999) Chorus: Look into my eyes.” 217 . Verse 3: Look down on my shoes. everything that is Jamaica. For you to stay alive.’ ‘Living Dangerously. We are sending the wrong message to our people. The only friend I know is this gun I have.’ ‘Cry For Lie For. you've got to rob and kill. “When people hear this album they will hear the sun. “But I’m not just looking for a beautiful woman. I want a beautiful lady. Look into my heart. I might consider it. in this part of town. I’m a thug youth and that ain’t gonna be easy to happen. Classic Dancehall ‘Gal tunes’ .” With the Summer 2001 release of ‘Ghetto Dictionary.such as ‘Maniac. Fiercely private.’ ‘Benz and Bimmer’ and ‘Follow Mi Arrow. Den what you have in place to keep them out of wrong? If they drop out of school. by focusing on “Bling Bling”. This is not a threat. “I’m going as hard as ever.’ armed with 30 high-caliber tracks. unadulterated Reggae music. the sand. the Warlord stands firm on his Reggae foundation (steering well clear of Hip Hop collaborations or Rap influences over his flow and lyrical content). Can you see my toes? The struggle that we live nobody really knows. But when you show us hope. survival is my will. Right now I'd rather die. They’re singing about ice when poor people don’t even have a fridge. would you live like that? And if you had to then. we will show you peace. the people. Now you see the nine. Tell me how you feel? You want the kids to learn without a proper meal. Things are really bad. Chorus 1992 Today.” Wherever Bounty Killer sets foot. Would you live in there? Look me in the eyes and tell me that you care.

woh Chorus Verse 2: Yuh remember how Jah send Jonah And Elijah.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Luciano: Rasta Dancehall Artist and Messenger This disciple of Jah arrived on the reggae scene at a crucial time—in the period following the untimely passing of Garnett Silk. how dem fire dem gun An a talk bout how dem buss gatlin But I dont have no time to mingle in sin. to be sure . Moses and Noah Martin Luther King and Marcus too Dem never falter. Luciano Pavarotti. he remains a humble servant of Jah—Ras Tafari. and 2000's Luciano Live. Since then. Yet. spreading the word of Jah in a dancehall context. Luciano's voice is a powerful yet soothing instrument. one capable of harnessing great emotional resonance in a single phrase. Messenger (1997) Chorus: Jah send I as a messenger To teach the youths about roots and culture An tell di massive fi remember Jah Dats all I a deal wid iyah Verse 1: Some man a sing bout how dem bus love bump Dem forget Jah and put dem woman up front There's a time and a place for everything. when all is said and done. 1999's Sweep Over My Soul. including 1997's Messenger. unlike Pavarotti. which captured the transcendent vibe of his uplifting concert performance.Luciano's 1995 album Where There Is Life picked up where Silk left off.an impossible task. While it's a little presumptuous to say he replaced Silk in the reggae pantheon . he's released four more full-lengths. there is not a dint of pretentiousness in Luciano's plaintive phrasing. woh woh Dem a talk bout. opulent aria of his namesake. woh 218 . Mr. He is one of those artists who could sing the alphabet or "Mary Had a Little Lamb" and make it as equally effective as the most passionate. Di man dem duh dem works and move on So I nuh dey yah fi look I and I must carry on Jah works Chorus Verse 3: I an I nuh come yah fi turn nuh wood an stone I an I come yah fi teach so yuh better learn Yuh better love Jah and live Give all the love you can give Prepare to move on Cause this place is not your home.

death without dignity and exploitation.” --Capleton The Rastaman SLEW DEM (2000) Slew dem a pure feelings dem a carry dem dun bow aready and dem cyan seh dem sorry yah slew dem a pure feelings dem a carry uno whan do dem someting fi me again well yo a yo it name who dem a could a wha dat dem a try dem go dis king Selassie watch di whole a dem die yaw who dem mi go see dem wit dem spell dem diss Emmanuel and dem soul gon a hell yaw who dem a could a who dem wha cuss dem diss Marcus a now dem a bite di dust yaw who dem an mi go tell dem fi splurt tell dem dem cyan diss Mama Earth You nuh dead man dem duppy man dem mi nuh ina nuttin wid dem di fire fi bun dem dem dun con dem a pure dead man dem dem dun nuh like an mi dun nuh like dem tell dem seh mi nah keep nuh funny man friend tell dem seh mi nah keep nuh Sodamite friend nah guh stoop low mi trod di raggy road dem thas why yaw yaw di bredda condem … 219 . every Black man and woman a Rasta. the Rastaman full of nuff love. the Rastaman always equal rights and justice and against oppression and depression. The Rastaman always eat of certain things and do not go certain places." the word mean "Head" and I and I and Black people the head of civilization. Therefore.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Capleton: Rasta (Bobo Dread) Dancehall Artist “ always for the people. the Rastaman always stay clear and purified. And checking' the word "Ras. so therefore. the Rastaman always beat him drum. So it's all about yourself.

Praise Ye Jah (1997) I did behold Until the proud was casted down yah 'Ave di ancient of days is King Haile Selassie-I Jah! You know With his garments as white as snow His hair as pure as wool Praise ye Jah (Hail di emperor) Hail di emperor-or-or Our king of kings To a fullness 'Ave to express Jah Jah that I always keep Praise ye Jah (Hail di emperor) Hail di emperor-or-or-or King of kings To a fullness 'Ave to express Jah that always been (uno sing) Jah Rastafari We a praise Hail King Selassie always (Oh yes!) 220 . In 1997. Through his songs. Sizzla continues to record great songs. Like many other young artists at the forefront of Jamaica's Rasta-roots movement. He has gained recognition throughout the world and currently tours all over world. Jamaica. Sizzla recorded the number one album of the year "Black Woman & Child”. he had previously recorded an album "Praise Ye Jah". he is conscious of the suffering of youths in the ghetto. he teaches youths to uplift themselves and to respect women. He received his fiery title from producer Homer Harris who discovered him whilst still at school. As a person from the ghetto.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Sizzla: Rasta (Bobo Dread) Dancehall Artist Sizzla was born Miguel Collins in August Town. Sizzla is an artist whose aggression against Black oppression and human rights is high. Another famous Bobo Dread artist is Anthony B. Before that. and the name is appropriate: Sizzla—his words burning down wickedness wherever it applies. which many are instant hits. Sizzla's militant Rasta stance is expressed through his adherence to Prince Emmanuel's priestly Bobo Shanti Order (Bobo Dread)—whose members wear turbans and carry brooms as a symbol of cleanliness.

visit http://en. Palmer decided it was time to take the future of reggae music into his own hands. of course. Music was very much a part of him. Quite recently. has sparked controversy among Christian other anti-Semitic groups. had a rocky start to his career. and quickly became a critical voice in the music scene. Wikipedia said. Wikipedia said. introduced Palmer to various types of music. The lyrics in songs. This form of music sprang into modern culture when Bob Marley put out his first single. He began singing locally in 1993. Palmer continued the band on his own. Geography and English at Kingston Tutorial College. eclectic sound of Jamaican music. Musical influences in his life urged him to move forward as a musician. Vybz Kartel. He was discovered in Portmore by many locals.wikipedia.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Vybz Kartel: The Fun and Controversey of A Dancehall Artist Most of us know the bouncy. Though Vybz Kartel’s musical journey began in high school. Of course. His transformation from student to artist came after he was expelled from Callabar High School. A teenager at the time. according to Wikipedia. Now on his own. Adidja Palmer. Palmer attended Callabar High School. are explicit and carry strong sexual undertones. including the fact that he had not yet been discovered as a mainstream artist. Callabar High. the face of Jamaican music continued to change when Vybz Kartel emerged as a Jamaican musical force. 221 . it was tough. That dream started among friends. Palmer faced many challenges. Wikipedia said. having a rough start in school did not stop him from moving forward with life. his love for music led him to take on various musical and writing projects. One night. because of disagreements with another band member.org/wiki/Vybz_Kartel. Palmer and two other friends were reflecting on his experiences as a ghost writer. The group broke up. and decided to start a group called Vibes Cartel. began a career that would soon change Palmer’s life in a big way. At times. Its roots trace back to the 1950s. However. This. After an endless string of ghost writing projects for other artists. of course. It was time for him to create his own voice. Palmer began his rise to fame in 1998. the Free Encyclopedia. his own musical presence. He did go on to study History. For more information about Vybz Kartel. who were also musicians. A student in Jamaica. but Palmer continued on under the name. such as Virginity. Vybz Kartel. His uncles. controversy about Kartel’s lyrics has arisen.

an online publication. The feud between the Bounty Killer and Vybz Kartel arose out of a disagreement. To read this interview. Kartel said he wanted to start afresh and take a different direction. Such artists. and his grandmother taught him better than that. a lot of Jamaican artists have come under fire for explicit and violent lyrics. This feud has continued to rage. When asked why he left the Alliance. The Jamaica Online Star recently conducted an interview with Palmer. including Vybz Kartel. Vybz Kartel said he has no reason or plans to reunite with the Alliance. That would only be taking a step backward. tek me things and tek me money too So tek buddy too.jamaicastar. free free If yuh man gun big like baby g Mines sing and dj like lady g A who pay yuh visa fee? Grab me cocky and sing pan it like alicia key 222 . Vybz Kartel said in the interview. the Jamaica Online Star said. t. Palmer has faced some hard times. that a fi di door and di grill and di padlock Gi me five siddung pan it Fi di fridge and di blender pan di fridge top Eh. fi mi cd. me. who had been butting heads for quite some time. tek buddy too Tek buddy gal. Once he broke away from the group. The feud was mainly between Mavado and Vybz Kartel. contributing editor for Suite101. according to Dancehall Mobi. visit http://www. Tek Buddy Gal (2004) Chorus Tek buddy gal.v Pay me back for all a those kiki Gi me three pree wid you. Kartel changed his name to Addi Di Teacha. if Blak Ryno performed Drive Through Prize.com. yet he has continued to flourish.html. have faced tough criticism for lyrics that some deem homophobic. gwaaan bad fi di louis vuitton bag Tek rod fi di goods from seprod Plus di ceramic tiles and di gold plate door knob That a guh cause yuh a blow job [verse two] F*** me like matrix inna 3d. most still call him Vybz Kartel. The publication then published a transcript of the interview. yuh think me easy? Who you ramp wid? yuh wha live easy Yuh. a new song that was created while the Alliance was still together. However. yuh think me easy? Who you ramp wid? yuh wha live easy Tek me things and yuh tek me money too So tek buddy too. tek buddy too [verse one] Four back shot that a fi di what not Three lizard lap. d v d.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration According to Alana Tutwiler. The Bounty Killer threatened to start a war in New York.com/thestar/20081129/ent/ent3.

It had become his passion.com/2009/08/mavado-instant-successin-japan. Originally. visit http://www. Mavado became a part of a group called the Alliance. But even passion comes with a price. according to Dancehall News. 223 . Like Vybz Kartel. that is not Mavado’s only achievement. another musical influence that fueled his desire to make music. Mavado associated himself with the Bounty Killer. exposing him to church music. made the Billboard Hot 100 Hip Hop and R&B Chart. To learn more about the event. according to the Jamaica Star.wikipedia. which took place on August 22. For more information about Mavado’s success as an artist. This fueled Mavado’s love for singing and music as a whole. Mavado was born on November 30. particularly Jamaican dancehall music. 2009 at the AICHI Reggae Breeze Festival.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration Mavado: The Gully God and The Ongoing Alliance Feud David Brooks. his grandmother took him to church every week. Mavado is praised for his Japan tour. So Special. Mavado’s passion for music developed early on. Little did he realize that his association with the group would lead to big problems.jamaicastar.org/wiki/Mavado_(singer). Some dubbed the event as a cross between Fully Loaded and Sumfest. they had the idea of bringing uniqueness to Jamaican dancehall music. For more information.com/thestar/20090921/ent/ent1.partyxtraz. who is also known as Mavado. Of course. visit http://en. a group of which Vybz Kartel was a part. said Wikipedia. His single. visit the Dancehall News website at http://news. With this desire in mind.html. was at one time quite happy with his association with the Alliance. 1981. the free encyclopedia.html.

blogspot. be my guidance pray for salvation for me Jehovah guide me.com/thestar/20070110/news/news1. One track. when shots were fired.jamaica-star. nobody run From the river to the bank lock dung Dem nuh know which part mi turn 224 .html. For more information. left the group. Vybz Kartel and Mavado continued to duel about song lyrics. was going to be performed at a neighborhood show. said Clash-onelife.com/2008/11/war-again-mavado-kartel-feud. I’m On The Rock (2008) Chorus Jehovah guide me. And the violence began. Of course.com. As a result. a year later.blogspot. For more information.blogspot. The shooting was believed to be the result of the ongoing feud between the former band members. Vybz Kartel said in the article. in 2008. She didn’t even have time to protect herself from the bullets. visit http://www. be my guidance no they could never stop me I'm on the rock (I’m on the rock) Higher than I an I (Higher than I an I) Jehovah guide me! I am on the rock (I am on the rock) Go tell my enemies! I'm on the rock!!!!!!!! Selassie guide me!!! And a me dem caan stop! I will never look back! [verse one] Look how much ting dem try (Look how much ting dem try) And everyting fail (And everyting fail) Tru mi born pon di gully nuff a try fi tek mi life And waan mi go a jail. Mavado. the two began to feud over lyrics.com. However. frustrated with the fighting. A press conference was held in 2007. In November 2008.html. In 2007. to resolve problems between the former Alliance members. the Bounty Killer threatened violence. It almost caused Kartel’s wife to die. dem waan mi go a jail With helicopter inna di air (Helicopter inna di air) Bright light a shine a ground (Bright light a shine a ground) Dem seh nobody move. which were rumored to cause violence in the future. Mavado is believed to have fired shots. there was a lyrical war between the artists that once were associated with the Alliance. Vybz Kartel’s wife was just pulling into her driveway. visit http://clashonelife. All was thought to be sorted out by Mark Shields and others involved in the mediation.The Ragga-Dancehall Vibration But buzz about the artist’s misgivings with the Alliance began to heat up. Mavado and Vybz Kartel once again started to badmouth one another. Each created songs that put the other down. the problem was still going. According to clash-onelife. which was created when the band was together.

Mavado [verse two] Music or gal over gun. dung deh inna di slum Dem mek a bag a promise and nah fulfill none Mama cry out!!!!! Yuh tink dem response how much innocent yute die out Look how much sell dem sell and no weh dem nah buy out If revolution should a start dem rich enough can fly out Selassie I!!!!!!! 225 . tell dem nuh stop di fun Cause if dem stop di fun dem muss prepare fi stop di gun Di yutes dem blood a run.

” the Jamaica Gleaner said.com/gleaner/20070812/ent/ent3. Jah Cure continues to be a huge influence in the Jamaican dancehall scene. A natural born musician. In many cases.Mavado website devoted to music. said Jamaicanslang. visit http://www. But for Jah Cure. Jah Cure said he was innocent. he emerged with his first single. Sometimes this really does happen. he still managed to brew controversy behind bars. other rumors surrounding the incident have emerged. Wikipedia said.wikipedia. After months of rehearsals. and stuck by that throughout the entire jury process.com. More information about Jah Cure can be found by visiting http://www. Though there is debate over whether or not he is guilty. Music Remedy said. He was suspected mainly of rape and spent nine years in prison.com/tag/patois/. Jah Cure’s success was going strong. Fans rallied around the prison. he was arrested in Montego Bay for a number of charges. For more information about Jah Cure’s musical success.com/j/jahcure/album/the-universal-cure5786. the free encyclopedia. Late that year. In 1997. demanding that he be released. html. the Jamaica Gleaner said. fame came 12 years ago.jamaicanslang. but in 1998. most of which are still debated today. and is still going strong. according to Wikipedia.jamaicagleaner. Jah Cure was convicted of rape in 1999. only to be released eight years later. visit Wikipedia at http://en. the artist fades away.html. Jah Cure: Fame and Fate No one said rising to fame was easy. Soon after regaining his freedom. visit http://musicremedy. Little Melody. he went by the name. he released a new album titled “True Reflections…A New Beginning. Sizzla. his life took a very different turn. He saw this as an opportunity to start fresh and advance in his musical career. many years later. and making a name for yourself. because of it.org/wiki/Jah_Cure. Jah Cure continued to make music. For more information about Jah Cure’s successes. For more information about Jah Cure’s beginnings. Jah Cure was born in Hanover. In spite of the fact that he was in prison. Jah Cure got his name from Capleton. Jamaica. Of course. long hours in recording studios. King in the Jungle—a duet he sang with Jamaican artist. according to Music Remedy. you would think everything would fall into place. At the start of his career. August 2007 brought an end to Jah Cure’s prison sentence. another Jamaican dancehall artist. Capleton began his musical career in 1989. a 226 . Even today.

All fruits ripe.I am not one to…A nuh mi fi like it. Ooman naa like bait. Babylon (bah-bee-lon). A go (ah go).It is true. outside.Hot stepper.All the time. also hat. Aks (ax).Bother.) Bald head. I am not lying. to. A lie. is Jamaicas national fruit.Means many things from: a. A weh ya baan? (Where were you born?) Baby madda.All right. Agony (ah-gon-ee). Ackee. scum. okay. (They are partying all the time.A Rasta label for one who is too caught up with the evil system—Babylon. Also is anyone who is a non-dreadlocks. the time during. sometimes.. All di while. Bait (be-it).Mavado Glossary of Jamaican Reggae-Rasta words. usually white people.Out doors.Your lying. A rude way to refer to someone.Mother of a child. Naa Badda mi. ECT. and slang. ‘At steppa.Criminal type guy.Refers to someone else’s self. Bad man/bwoy.) Dat a bad bwoy.) An.Born. Bad man no flee. (Gangsters don’t run away.The cheapest fruit punch money can buy.Expression for saying something is really cool.Ask. (Don’t bother me.. Backside (bok-side).Scoundrel.To go or will go.Oil. expressions. Mi a go a door. yes. A true. it. All the while dem depon di bashment. a jail breaker and one in trouble with the law.African fruit tree introduced in Jamaica in 1778. that is a lie. A nuh mi. (I am not one to like that).(ahn) And. expressed towards another person. sure. (Women don’t like punks. will. the. (Move your self). A A (ah). ‘At.Means that that’s not me … It’s not me to. Aile (i’ll). (I am going outside). Badda (bad-da). is. ‘A’ is said before action will or has taken place.Everything is just great. Ah sey one (ah seh won). Aright (ah-rite). A really bad individual. (That is a gangster. punk. All is good. Move yu backside.) Bad like yaz. and these types of people. B Baan. This is the main Jamaican preposition for nearly everything.) Bag juice.Hot.A Rasta word for the police and the corrupt system. A door (ah do-ah). 227 .Sexual orgasm or sensation of sex.Expression to say that something is really cool and great.

(He is gay). Buck. She bupps im out. (Praise to all of them). Dem bashment gyal. and to smoke. also means to beg.To fight and punch. Bill. Nuh bruk it.Fellow friends and collegues.A basic Jamaican $100 bill. necklace or chain.Politcally correct version of the curse word bumboclot. She box ‘im face. Bredren. ‘Im her bupps.To ask. Worth just over two U.Cake. (She played him for money.to perform oral sex. Brukout. Bashment. “Bun dung queer!” (The Rastas say. Bashy. (Look at my chain). awesome. (They are girls who like to party. (There’s only children here.Flashy and expensive. They are of the Bobo Shanti order and are true followers of Prince Emmanuel. unruly.Strong curse word. blessing(s). Bwoy (b-why).Bird. Mi mus get a bly. (She cheated on him because he smokes a whole heap of herb. Buss. broken. Naa worry bout it. Bulla. Is bare pickney yahso.King of curse words. Bout. This is a common term for anybody—male or female. party.Only. dollars.A climax of pure energy and excitement. dancehall. Bandulu (ban-doo-loo). She gi ‘im bun ka im bun whole heap a herb.To bust. Wi gwaan hab a bashment time. Look pon mi bling.Brother.Condoms. break. Big up uno dem.) Big up. Bruk.) Batty. Blessed.Primarily means butt. Bumboclot. Di man dem beg fa jooks. (Don’t break it).) Di Rasta dem say. Blouse an skirts.This is a popular slang term that means cool. (We are going to have a great time. Buddy. also shoes. crooked activity.criminal. Bun. (The men beg for sex.) Bredda.A comical version of “Bother. ECT. (Don’t worry about it). Boots.) Bash. Bow.A hair band worn by women. to meet by chance. nice stuff. kill. also burn.) Usually referring to driving on the road. ‘Im a battyman. also means a fake passport/visa. 228 .). Box. Bloodclot.About.Jamaican Glossary Bandu. Bare (beer).A Rasta word. to act unruly.Financially providing for a woman.” Bokkle (bok-el).Complementing a black person of light skin. Bloodfire (blud-fiah).Bottle. (She punched his face.A great event or happening. Bobo dread.This is a popular term for saying what’s up and a gesture of tribute. burst out. Bush weed.Favor or chance.A term for rendering poor quality herb. “Burn down (kill) the queers!”) Bupps. Bly.Hell. Bodderation (bod-da-ray-shun). (I must get a chance. also signals to homosexuals. mostly on a woman. brothers in unity.S.Boy. like to bust a move.Male genital. He is her sugar daddy). Beg.A certain sect of Rastas that wear turbans and carry brooms to signify cleansiness.To get cheated on. and good complexion. Bud. Usually at a party. Also the same as bashy above. Bling. Browning.To accidentally bump into.Broke.

(I always have bad luck.) Crosses.Dead. Mi ca hab…? (Can I have…?) Card. Cutlass. Check it deep. Coolie hair. good woman friend. Cha! (What!) Champion. it was a fake). die.Messy and untidy. (That is cool.Daughter.Expensive. shades.Imitation. (They tricked me).Problems and misfortunes.Car.Overly talkative to the point of irritation. Dat cost dear. Cut yeye. (That is very expensive. Mi nuh like fi bowcat. (Gay man. Dear.Slang for cool and instyle. Cargo.) Deestant (dee-stant). Clean. Coo. Casco (kas-ko).A cutting instrument. Also can be the word “Can”. woman.Jamaican Indian from India. (I don’t like to perform oral sex).Term for money when dollars are wrapped in a roll. Chatty-Chatty. fake designer clothes. Cha/cho.Copper. Cutchie. Coo yah! (Look here!) Coolie. ‘Im a dead.Shouting fight with bad words. Cyar (key-ar). Chi-chi man.Check it out. Craven choke puppy. Coil. Chalice. Cat.Full-size truck.Than Dandimite. D Dan.That Dawta (doh-ta). a very large knife.Jamaican Glossary C Ca (cah). a cup.A clay-fired earth piece that fits into a chalice needed to hold ganja. killed.Gay. Coppa.A big and heavy gold or expensive chain one wears to show wealth. (He is dead).) Culture (kul-cha).Cutting your eye at someone by turning the eyes the other way. Cuss-cuss. Cutta. Chewsday. Dem play a card pon mi.Look. Cock it up. When mi check it deep.Expression of surprise.Because. Dat cris.Dynamite Darkers (dah-kahs). they can’t handle it. Chi chi.Sunglasses. a casco name brand. a term for a coin valued less than a dollar.Decent.Sexual expression for giving a blowjob. when they get it. cutting tool. to kill. Dead. This is a famous line that depicts someone who wants everything but. Cris.Female genitals. (When I checked it out.A person who is extraordinary on the dancefloor and in the bed.Aggressive sex.The Rasta water bong/pipe that is made from a hollowed coconut. Mi always inna crosses. 229 . Dat.Tuesday.To play a joke or trick.Straight hair.Cutter.Greedy. queer. values and traditions of Rastas.Reflecting or pertaining to the roots. Craven. Chaka-chaka. can opener. homosexual.) Chuck.

also a popular slang expression.Everything is just fine. one who doesn’t listen.) Depan (deh-pon). Dween. (The girls. Dehya (deh-yah).) Duppy (dup-pee).Expression of performing oral sex. Yu rass claat haad eaz. 230 .) Eat unda sheet. (Stop driving fast). Dem. Use dem after plural objects. Dweet. Mi dun dweet. did. (They say. Dey nuh odda way. E Ease-up.) Di. Dread. Mi dun feel bad. Wa mek yu dweet fa? (Why did you do it for?) Faas.Person who has dreadlocks. over with. Eveling.For. Dun know.There—as in place. Disya. Eaz haad.Doing.Referring to an albino. as in Dutty yo.Rasta word for “Oppress”. Facety (fe-ast-ee). Ease up uno self. Des. This is common food for the poor. kill. Doondoos (dune-deuce).The. (I have finished doing it). Dey say.They. close to.This. on top of.Fast. Mi a go pon one ends still.Evening Everything cook and curry.Bad mannered and nasty.A term and name for one who is well respected. acting fresh.To relax.) Eff. Come dung.Jamaican Glossary Dege-dege (deh-geh deh-geh).Them.This right here. Member when wi dideh? (Do you remember when we were there?) Dis.Don’t know. Means stubbornness or thickskulled.On. upon. Weh ih deh? (Where is it?) Deh ‘bout. was. Im sey im des fi a food.Measly or skimpy. Dutty gal. (Relax yourselves. Di gal dem.Dirty. ‘Im dideh.Nearby.Tin mackerel. (He said he’s desperate for food). (There is no milk there).Desperate.Ears hard. Don. Dey (dayah). expression of a good idea.Done. (I am going to one place). (There is no other way).Rasta word for “Coconut.Do it.Here or there. Sit down. Nuh milk nuh dey. Downpress. Dun. Dub.Ghost. (I am done feeling bad). finished. (You are damn stubborn. Also asks where something is.Was there or right over there. (He is/was there). Dreadnut. there.To dance. Tap drive faas.If Ends. Dutty.” Drop legs. as in to be or exist.Down. F Fa. greeting to friend. Sidung (Come down. ‘Im did dun di ting? (Did he complete the thing?) Dideh (di-dayah). Dung.A place. Deh.Mixed music of electronicreggae.

To. (That was a messed up thing). con-person.Newspaper.Literally means gone.Not taken in offense.Friend.A maljustice. ‘Im foot a bruk means that his leg is broken. (He is gone. to have had. She fight ‘gainst mi.An expression of loving something very much.Future. Gates. Fi mi.) Fuckery (fuk-ree). Ginnal. it means that fruit is ready to pick and is fully grown. Many homes in JA have gates. his. (My car).) Flex. ‘Im a fava a dinna pig. This is the main Jamaican prepostion. fi yu.A expression of gratitude. ‘Im so ginnal. fi she. A fi mi cyar.Fire. to plan an activity.) General. Get. Give tanks.) Feel no way. (I don’t want to do it). (I realize or I have realized.Film. (I saw her the passed Monday.From.) Galang. mostly camera film. e. Glamity.To have. got. passed.Home. Gleena. Fi (fee). fi ‘Im. to go or to move. Ganja.) Gaan to bed.Marijuana. Mi dehya fram 6:00.Womans’ sexual private area. (He is a tricky person.Give me. ‘Gainst.) Gimme.Mine. (I need to buy film because there is no film in the camera. Follow. since.Dress. resembles.Jamaican Glossary Fambly.g.) Fiah (fī-ah). 231 . Forward. Fass. (He is a master of situations). hers.when used of fruits and vegetables.To travel close to. (The fly is seeking your head. (I have been here since 6:00). (The juice is still raw tasting. Di juice a fresh still. (I have been doing it since I was a kid).T-shirt. (She looks like her mother. Mi get fi realize. Mi no go deh.) Foot.To chill and hang out having a time.Family. gotten. left. (He resembles the size of a pig. Mi see har di Monday gone. (Follow me. yours. to follow or seek. still bitter or sour. G Gaan. something wrong and unfair. Favor (fā-va). also used to designate the smoking of ganja. Frock.Outstanding person and very well respected. Flim. (She fought against me.Against.Not ready. Follow back a mi. not to worry or care.A cool and smooth operator.) Gorgon. ‘Im a don gorgon.) She fava har mudda. a Rasta expression. though not necessarily fully ripe to eat. Fram when mi a pickney mi a dweet. One’s “gates” is one’s home. the Jamaican Gleener.Looks like. Fi dem. this is not considered a bad word. Mi naa waan fi do it. A fuckery dat.Any part of the entire leg. Gansey. Fram. Fit ‘n frock means everything is good.) Di fly a follow yu head. ‘Im gaan. (Theirs. More fiah! (More weed!) Fit. Fren’. Godeh.Nosey. (I’m not going there) Gone. Mi need fi buy flim becaa’ no flim in’ai camra. Fresh.Go there. Shows possession. Also an expression.Trickster.Go along.Gone.

One who is great in bed.Her Haste (hee-ase). fugitive. H Hab. comes from the British word higgler.” The I-tes color for the Rasta is Red. Mek haste. [Person 1] Ouch! Yu hut mi! [Person 2] Hush.Going.A street vendor.A Rasta word. Means keep it steady. (I can’t keep it in side. which is taken from the Biblical word “Brethren.Rasta word for “Desire” I-tal. Half eediat (af ee-dee-at). greeting or good-bye. I-man / I-mon . someone saying ‘hush’ to you may make you more angry. (We are going outside. I-tes. Honor (hon-nah).” I-laloo.Rasta speech for me.Rasta word for “Callaloo”.A very stupid person. I I an I. Hol ih dung. Hanga.Rasta term for “Vital”.Me (I) or you. Hush. She grow mi.Go away. which is taken from the Biblical word “Incense.Handle.Rasta word for “Irie”. an apology. (She raised me.Jamaican Glossary Greetings.Rasta word for bredren.In the. just remember that in Jamaican Patois ‘hush’ means to be sorry. (Hurry up) Hat. Ih (ih or ee)-It. myself. Rasta for: Me or you. {1} You hurt me! {2} Sorry. Although.) Hot steppa.” I-dren. Hose. I-man waan dat.Go on.Rasta word for “Meditate. which means to be happy. I-wah.Rasta word for ganga.” I-ditate. I-ree. Wi gwine adoor. Me. Har.Hold it down.Refers to the self.) Gwaan.Have to. not to be told. I-sire. which is a strict diet and way of life. unprocessed. This word can also be spelled with only one ‘n’. Hangle. in this case the speaker is stating being excessively sexually active.Have Haffi. Most commonly Rasta food that is pure. This word is also used as a greeting. (I want that).To be in a hurry.A classic Rasta greeting.Rasta word for “Hour.Him Inna.An opening greeting used heavily by Rastas.Sorry. escapee from jail. make a secret. I-ney. and unsalted.Rasta word for “Heights. Grow.Hurt Higgla. and I.Hot stepper. I-cense. Weh ih deh? (Where is it?) ‘Im. hanger. Mi kyaan lock mi hose off. 232 . Grindsman.Closet.) Gweh. Wa a gwaan? (What’s going on?) Gwine (gween). which is a criminal.Penis.To raise.” I-yah. which is spinach.

Carry.Slang for good friend. (You’ve just come off the plane.Terms Jamaicans use to yell and call out when they see white Americans. Yu jus come off di ironbud. Ku. Jake.To joke. Jacket. Is ‘im a dweet? (It was him that did it or can mean. to achieve.John Crow.To ketch.Lord or God knows. (See you tomorrow.A facial expression when the lips are pressed together kissing and the eyebrows up.) Is.A Rasta farewell and good-bye. Iron bird (Irun-buud).) Jah guide. which is the name for the hated albino buzzard/vulture. (I’ll get there no matter what.Expression of certainty. (I don’t care.) Kiss teet.Expression saying that people were really shocked or amazed. Ku pon dis. like they could have dropped dead. Joe. Johnny. never ending.Means everything is alright. Literally says that “God shall guide.) 233 . L Laas. K Ketch. Labba mout. Jamdown.Talking to much. a child that is raised by another father. and can also pose a question if it comes first in the sentence. can not. kidding.This means it is.) Kyaan. or was it? This is can be used to repace the word it. Similar to “My main man.Last.) Jook. Mi lub yu kyaan done.Bastard. to have sex. ( I’m not kidding.” Jah know.Jamaican Glossary Inna di lights. no matter what. Note: some spellings have it as “Cyaan” or “Caan”.To pierce or poke. it was. Expression of feeling great and cool. an expression of agreement. Jus begin fi dead. to get. Key. Kill mi dead.) Irie (Ī-ree). or lose. Kya (Key-a) Care.Can’t. See you inna di lights. (A chatter mouth.An Iron bird is an airplane. Dem jus begin fi dead when wi did wi ting. Jesum Piece. I’ll do it at all costs. Makes a hiss. Mi nuh kya. also an expression of hate. Jah Bless.Can’t finish. Mi muss a go kill mi dead.Expression to say tomorrow. (Look at this).) Kyarri (key-ah-ree). Was it him that did it?) J Ja. Kyaan done. Mi naa jesta. Hey Jake! Jancro. Jamdung.Look. (God Bless. Jester. (My love for you can’t end. (They almost dropped dead when we did our thing). Also is a very rude jesture and sound of the face and mouth.) Jah.Lord.A soft expresson of aggrivation. (Usually from the wife cheating on someone else and the father never knowing. Labba-Labba.Words for Jamaica.” Wa’ppun mi key? (What’s up man?) This word also means the normal key we are used to for opening doors.

Light. (That’s the best ever made.Slang for “Hooking up”. I.) Large (laaj).Popular expression for saying good-bye. An expression meaning. (Hey my friend). [Can be pronounced Mee or Meh] Mon. Mek up yu mind. Lang.A machete. mine.My youth.Leave. “Break a leg”.Liar. Dat di best eva mek.A spoof on the luxury car. make. commonly netted. “Mon” can represent every person in Jamaica—man. Maga.Perhaps the single most important Jamaican word. ECT. Manley. Mash it up. This must be said with power and voice. Link up. (I’ll get with you later.) Lock up. left.A sleeveless wifebeater T-shirt. Mention.Little. She leggo har numba.A saying of goodbye. Mi.) Legsus. “Large up!” (Similar to “Big up”—a term of fond greeting and appreciation.Me. Liad (lī-ad). M Machet. Muss. tiny. ect. Mussi. Friendly expression of calling a friend or youger one. (That’s popular). Mr. Mi soon come. let’s go. Lickle. Mantell. My yute. Lang time mi a wait.Skinny and slender. leave.Most definitely. (I’ve waited for a long time. passed. Yes mon! (Yes man. or child!) ‘Mongst. (Let us do it).Sperm. Mek wi dweet. be a big success. Likky-Likky. can mean gay. Yu too likky-likky. (The stores are closed).A Rasta term for high-grade ganja. Lexus.Long. (You are a liar). Yu a liad.A Jamaican $1000 bill that has former prime minister Michael Manley.Very well respected. N 234 . Man juice.Someone who is lame. electricity.To let go. Mi link yu up layta. Mek. (She gave out her number.Amongst More time.A real ladies man who is the talk of the town so to speak.An old and wise master. like. and child. woman. woman. (I’ll be there soon). but expresses the walking power of the legs. Di store dem a lock up. Also used as a slang term. a real player and whore of a man.Male gigolo. of course. More time! (Later!) Mos def.Closed. Dat large. Mas. yes. Marina. inferior.Power. a old-timer who deserves respect. Hey my yute. getting or meeting together. Leggo.Let. Mudda.Remember.Expression of doing well.One who is greedy about eating everything seen.Mother. Lickle more.Jamaican Glossary Lambsbread.Must. Mascot.) Memba.Little. Lilly. sure.) Lef. (Make up your mind).Must be.

Over. Ooman. Also refers to the female sexual organ.) Ongle. Priors. Nuh.Who.Plenty. a Rasta spiritual gathering with drumming and chanting. Has reference to something very small. Always remember to say this like peer.S.term for black person.A variation of the word No. Dutty Nyega.) O Obeah.Beans. or know.Female genitals. Punaani.needle.No. Neba. used in conjunction with things in large quantities. Pyur (peer). She a put Obeah pon ya.) Odda (ud-dah).Other. (Open the can of beans). or when ones manners are not in order. It is the type of voodoo in Jamaica.Jamaican Glossary Naa. kids.To open.Curse word.Never Negga (neh-gah).Only.) White nyega. 235 .A Jamaican $500 bill worth about 11 U. Rice an peas. Pum. Ovastan.Negro. See Nyega.To eat.Noise Nuff.Avocado.literally means “Needle’s eye”. (Rice and beans). many. Pussyhole (pus-swhol). Pull di can a peas. Punash.Prayers. Pull. Nyabinghi.Nothen. Nuh true?.Rasta word for “Understand”. (Jamaican born white person.Child. Is fi ooo? (Whose is it?) Ova.Post. Literally means “Overstand”. Pussyclot. (Many girls want me). (Let’s eat. too much. Nyega (nee-yeg-ah).Expression of one who eats too much. Dey nuh odda way.Expression of verifying the truth. P Pear (peer).) Nyami-Nyami. Yu nuh easy! Nutten.The traditional and orthodox Rastafarian movement of black supremacy and visions of the Ethiopian Zion. Ooo. Mek wi nyam. ECT. children. (Poor and trashy person—same as white trash in the U. tons. Peas. to mail. nigger. Isn’t it so? Nuh easy. Neegle.Woman. (There’s no other way. Nyam (nee-ahm).The withcraft or spiritual science native of Africa.Curse word. (She cast a spell on you.A very popular expression saying one is acting a bit off the wall or uneasy.Only. now. a lot. Neegle yeye. Pure gal waan mi. Nize (nīz). Poas.S. dollars. Nanny. Pickney.

Rockas. Red yeye. Also is the color of a person who is not fully Black. E.The current name of popular regae music.A term for the following of the Obeah witchcraft cult practice. usually always a woman.Smelling good.Bad luck.) See it .To mess with or play. unlucky. A very popular Rasta greeting that shows courtesy.A man who is controlled by a woman.To join in or come in on an activity going on.Responsible.Common word and expression meaning ass.Rocks.) Rass/Raas (rass/rahz). Satday. Response fi ooo? (Responsible for whom?) Rest.To be angry.One who is covetous and jelous of things. Ray Ray. ‘Im a samfi man. very rude. also it can add intensity to objects or basic words in normal speech.A saying where many people will cook and eat a big dinner. Dat nuh righted. (I put on my “Turn on” perfume [turns on the woman] and I smell good.Sir. Ending a word with clot makes it a curse word. Romp. Rakstone inna mi shoe. Similar to saying blah blah. Yu wanna romp wit me? (Do you want to mess with me?) Rope een.Saturday and Saturday night. Similar to gosh. (I have rocks in my shoes. Sapps.To relax and settle down. Ragga music relies heavily on a digital equipment. 236 . Red.Slang for “Do you understand or do you see”. rebel.A basic slang term.Correct and with sense. Rest mon! (Calm down!) Rhaatid (rah-tid). heck.Music to “rock” to. Salt (saál). Can be a common greeting to a cool friend or it can describe a tough guy. (I was unlucky. who is sexually attractive. stones.A Jamaican ghetto dweller. Mi get salt. Mi put mi turn on perfume an mi scenty. (He runs the criminal business). Reespek. Renk. and damn.Foul.) Scenty (sent-tee). (She is an occult practitioner [Obeah] because she follows people of that cult. or criminal.Jamaican Glossary R Radda. Rude bwoy (rood bwhy). Screw face.A trickster and conman out to get money. Wa’ppun rude bwoy? (What’s up man?) ‘Im run di rude bwoy bizness. Ragga.) Samfi (sam-fī). Satnight. Red Rat. Raggamuffin. Righted.This is a term used when someone is talking too much or telling a story. Naa mess wit no raggamuffin.A mild exclamation of surprise or irritation. Slang for music and enjoying such. (An angry face.High or drunk. a good scent. (That was with out sense). (Don’t mess with a ghetto person.Respect. S Sa (sah). Ready.A person. Sciecne. She a scientist becaa she follow di Science people dem. Run a boat. smelling bad. Response.) Rakstone. (He is a conman).g.Rather. Yu yeye too red.) Screw.

(Let it be.To sport something or an event in style. also means anything really cheap.Another way of saying “Something”. (Women want a man with pleanty of sexual endurance. (This is the slum. (Those are cheap brand clothes. Mi step out yah.) Stoosh. Sight. Wha’ppun. the way someone is. such as that.This is a slang expression similar to saying ‘chick’ or girl.The slums or ghetto. (I’ll come soon. Wa mek you so speaky spokey? (Why are you trying to speak like an foreigner? Stamina. Check yu’self befo yu skin ya teet.Sexual endurance. Di ooman dem wanna stamina daddy. shot. A pyur sufferation inna gwaan inna di ghetto.This is when a Jamaican tries to speak like an American or Englishman. ECT. and trials.Term used for general replies in saying that one will be back. star? (What’s up. Dem shot ‘im dead. (There is pure suffering going on in the ghetto. Sup’m (sup-hm). Speaky-Spokey. Dis a di slump. (Just you wait.A reference or greeting to a group of women—usually formal.Something. ya hear. However.To leave alone or let be.Major suffering. Yu mus star dem threads. (I live in a rich place. Check yourself befor you smile. The sound of whispering in one’s ear denotes gossip and backbiting.) Sket is a shortened version. also slang for “Man”. poverty.) So.To shoot.Jamaican Glossary Shorty.Smile.Slang words for sex. (You have to sport and wear those clothes like you are the king).) See ‘ow yu stay? (Do you see how you are?) Step.) Strong money.Like that.A Rasta term for. man?) Stay. to have been shot. (They shot him dead.Just a saying to denote the superiority of American money. it does not mean necessarily that one will actually come promptly.Any person that is rich. a thing that you don’t feel like calling the proper name. Slump. Nuh su-su pon mi back.To gossip and spread rumors. A skettle name brand dat.) Spliff.) Jus stay deh. Shot. sistren are the opposite of “bredren or bredrin”. Skettle.Somebody. Hi sistren! (Hi ladies!) Si’ting (si-tin). “Do you SEE or UNDERSTAND?” Sistren. Slam/Slap.) Su-Su (sue-sue). (I am leaving now. Usually when a Jamaican returns from a vacation overseas he or she will carry over an accent and a friend will say. Mi a go get dat sinting. 237 . (I am going to get that thing). to wait.To leave. This is just a common expression used to decribed anything. Wa mek yu galaan so?(Why are you behaving like such?) Wa mek yu sweet so? (Why are you so sweet?) Soon come. a rich object. T Tack. Almost always comes at the end of the sentence. Mi a soon come.Bullet. (It is strong money that comes from the U. Is a strong money dat a come fram foreign.A ho girl or slut. Swaaty.) Sufferation (suf-fa-ray-shun).) Sidung. Dis computa stoosh! (This computer is “stoosh”!) Mi live inna stoosh place. Mek it stay.S. Skin teet.) Star.Sit down. (Don’t gossip behind my back.Fatty.A very large cone-shaped marijuana cigarette. like such. also a cheap boxed drink.) Sum’ady.

Why Waan.) V Van. Also means all. Tan pon it lang. need. Tandeh. also the number three. Memba wa day weh wi dweet? (Do you remember the other day when we did it?) Wa mek? . Tan. Undastan (un-dah-staan).Positive feelings. believe me.What. (Stay there. furious. Basically means: “Oh yeh. I know”. (You are cheerful. ECT. Yu so upful.Stand. (That’s the way he is). the all of you. through. huh?) Tallowah. (The thief has stolen my things.) Upful. upset. Tanks.Trust me.Understand.An funny expression meaning to walk and use your feet. ‘Im a tree bunna.Long.Truth past tense. Wanga gut.Jamaican Glossary Tall. wait and see.Pick-up truck. ‘Im tol di trut. a hungry-belly. Truss mi. Tess.Teeth. (All of you. threw. Uno or unno (uh-no).) Tun. A so ‘im tan. to steal.) Truu.This the key word that is used to mean angry.) Tek. mad. Uno yu. stay.Want.Tree. true. It must be known that the majority of Jamaicans walk for transportation. or conquer. Ten toe turbo. ect. mon! (Don’t make me mad!) W Wa (wah).To beat.Expression of having sex for a long time. Tam. Vex.A large oval-shaped Rasta hat used to cover dreadlocks. also to be as in to be such a way. ECT. you all.Truth. just you wait). (Take time / slow down). Vank.Expression for what is “Under the girls’ pants”.Strong and sturdy. Har hair tall. Teet. Naa mek mi vex. Truut.Thief.The plural form of you.Turn. Wa day-The other day. Di teif a teif mi tings. Yu waan tess mi? (Do you want to test me?) Trash an ready. Comes from the word vanquish.Test. Teif. one who likes to eat and seems hungry all the time. (He turned there). 238 . ee? (Her hair is long. Im tun deh. eliminate.A popular slang expression meaning to be very stylish and fashionable.Take or get. (He told the truth.One who has a fat stomach.Thanks. (He cheats “burns” on three women. U Unda gal pickney.This is an ever-popular expression used when agreeing with some one. Tek time. Tree.

She too winji. Yeye (yī). you see).) Wood.) Wheels. huh?) Winji. zeen. ‘Im a wutless bwoy. us. Ya nuh see it? .What’s happening? This is the most popular greeting used. wears.We. yeh. you know. Yu a come wit wi? (Are you coming with us?) Wicked. (Zuke is my last name. our. it is worn. Wear.) Wit. which is in Ethiopia. When used in conjunction with a man it means one who is lousy in bed. Zion. “What’s up.Penis.Yes.To shed tears.Slang for very large quantities. One of the most popular words.Jamaican Glossary Wa’ppun. Zeen can be signal a question or agree with a statement.Yard. Very common to use. past tense of was. Always say this instead of the American. you see. Mi naa wrap up. Yu a mi bredrin fram yuuts.Countless. ECT.Slang for bad or evil. cry. (Don’t touch our things).Slang for kidding or joking. it begins with the letter z. (Take me home. it a begin wit zed. Wrap up. Zuke a mi lass name. ours.Slang for sex.” Weh. Tek mi a mi yaad.) Z Zed. right here. zeen. A popular name for calling a friend.With. man. Fram A to Zed.Car. a whole heap.Where. worn. present tense of is.) Yeh. (I am not joking. Naa touch wi tings. Wutless.) Y Ya. nuh? (That’s cool. Whole heap.Worthless. okay. Yahso.Over here.) X X amount.Eye. home.) Mi baan a Jamaican Yardi. (I receive plenty of love/sex. (You’re my friend from youth. here. Work (wuk). sexually useless.To wear. that is. Also popular using man as ending. Dat wicked. you know? Yaad. house. (She’s too thin. Mi get x amount a lovin. (He is a worthless. can also refer to someone younger.Very thin and unattractive. many.The letter Z. 239 . Yuut. Yah. place of residence. Batty ridas still a wear by di gal dem.This is the holyland talked about the Rastas.Understand. Zeen. a lot. Yeyewata. (Short shorts are still worn by the girls. (I was born a Jamaican.Slang for. also can mean yes. Wi.You. (From A to Z).Youth.

who was Bob Marley’s famous record producer at Island Records. The genius behind this movie was Chris Blackwell.Countryman the Movie Jamaican Patwah Movie Dialog Countryman is an all-time rare ReggaeRasta movie! It is a very hard-to-find movie and it remains a true cult-classic film. 240 . this movie is out of print and no longer available. Unfortunately.

and mi heart pure. But. But no everyday a catching day. I live through guidance. I keep mi hand clean. And di trap get big and di trap get weak. no shoes. Yu see me? I’m a fisherman. P: Wa yu talking ‘bout. I just living I life. I love di cow. Friend: Irie mi bredrin! Dats all di catchin laas night? Countryman: Yu know seh everyday day a fishnin’ day. Sometime rough rough wedda come and tek away di trap wit di fish in it. Mon! P: I hear yu. wa’tch yu teachin di yuut dem today? -Not my teaching. is just so you must do. I have no shirt. but of the higher force. Bad vibrations dialog between police sgt. Countryman: Hear. Countryman: Guidance. Yu see? Nutten can harm me. Well. dat’s my job. Walking along the beach dialog. Countryman: Yu see dis? Is a Snappa. Science. jus’ as how yu see mi. Dat is why there is no need to slay di wicked. skip. and a man hired to kill Countryman. Just like lightning. no pants. yu know sa? P: Wa’s gwine on. sister. . Jah. I’m a poor man.Countryman the Movie Fisherman dialog. Forces of nature dialog. And dis fish will live in dis trap and di trap will catch odda fish and feed 'im till 'im grow big. Just leave them to face death and they will perish. mon.Nothing can harm you? 241 . I neva molest a man. those with evil in their hearts fear it. and di fish. Countryman’s dialog and lesson with Bobby (the crashed pilot) and his girlfriend. and di goat. I live naked. mon? How yu mean transfer? Fi wa? H: Mi na like wa gwaan dung deh. sa? Policeman: A wa di raas claat do dis. boss man? H: Obeah. And one day dem just break out. I give my body to di climate of dis I-land. and I live in true guidance. Di fisherman here use traps and catch 'im. and all dem ting deh—just like how I love mi life. wa yu talking ‘bout science. Jah. tell me H: He say di man pon ert (earth) is a science. Hired man: I look a transfer yu know. Death is a force of nature. The righteous face it everyday and pass it by.

came here in a small plane. But nature protcect yu. But nature bring it down.Countryman the Movie Countryman: No. Di next ting mi go look fi’m soldier shot mi— tink me’s outlaw. Like how mi an di misses cudda use di money. sista. Country: Mi no. An now is the same type of invention is hunting fa yu. Dat plane is a nice lickle invention. down into di ert and learn all there is to know from di creatures yu see there. Yu said dat yu can mek a rocket dat will tek yu to di moon. As how yu know dem swamps good. Dem offer a 5000 dollar reward for anybody ooo can help dem capture di pilot of the crashed plane. Man free! Man: Bwoy. even di ert defend I. I’m a stronger force. into di sea. Country: Until such time. who is looking to get a reward for capturing the lost pilot. [Handing two freshly caught fish] Man: Tank yu. Man: More time! 242 . own a nice boat. See change here. Di wind. Country. Mek I get fi catch ‘im. dem easy fi yu catch ‘im. mon. Hah! Mi gwaan in dis lickle boat. Man: Well. From di sun and from di star. yu could do a ting and cause lightning and blow his rocket outta di sky? -I could make lightning? Countryman: Sure! -How? Countryman: First yu have to have dat intention. Country: Whappun? Man: Police man jus check mi. sa! Mek soldier find ‘im. And I says to yu. Hear yu know. Don’t yu tink. Country: Hold dis fi yu an di misses meantime now. sista. [Laughs] Ya see it? If I says to yu. I wudda love dem try teif one a dem boat now. Country. This dialog is between Countryman and a friend of the police. di sea. Yu. brodda: Go to di highest school in Babylon and speak with the wisest men there and find out all there is to know about machine. sista: Go into di swamp. sista.

1994. Samuel E. Http://www. and translated by Mercer Cook. 1999. 1996. 2002. 1966.htm. Rastafari: A Modern Antique. Diop. Oats. Rastafari Movement Association Jamaica. vol 6.. Barrett. Chris. and Laxmi Mansingh. 9. Creative Xpressions. Kingston. Nichols. P. Ras Vibe Magazine. Tracy 11. Park Street Press. Brown. Adams. 1985. Unpublished manuscript in the Journal of Caribbean Studies. 243 . Feb. Rowan. Rastafari—A Way of Life. First Quarter 2/02-5/02. 3. 1997.15. Kingston: University of the West Indies. Los Angeles. Jamaicans of Ethiopian Origin and the Rastafarian Faith. 1. Rastafari—Roots and Ideology. Swagga 1978 Video Tape. Hindu Influences on Rastafarinism. Beacon Press. 1994 6. Sr. ed. 13. pg. Vol 1. Blacked Productions. L. Rastafari Voices. Live Foods for the Living. Chevannes. Syracuse University 5. Napti. 1991. 1976.Bibliography Selected Bibliography 1. Barry. Ajai. Vermont. 4. Press. Lifeline of the Future. A-kar 8. 14. Understanding Jamaican Patois—An Introduction to AfroJamaican Grammar. Epps. no. Hemp. LMH Publishing. Emile. 7. 12. Conrad. Out Through White Wash. New York: Lawrence Hills & Co. 15. Cheikh Anta. The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality. Treatise on the Rastafarian Movement. Jamaica.swagga.. Suzar. Boston. 2. 1974. Caribbean Quarterly Monograph. The Rastafarians—Sounds of Cultural Dissonance./March 1995.. 1979 10.com/ganja. Leonard E. Kingston. The Great book of Hemp. Robinson. Mansingh. Caribbean Lifestyles Magazine.

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