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Das+&+Ferbel +Introduction+to+Nuclear+and+Particle+Physics+(World+Scientific +2003)

Das+&+Ferbel +Introduction+to+Nuclear+and+Particle+Physics+(World+Scientific +2003)


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Published by Sadiq Nawaz Khan

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Published by: Sadiq Nawaz Khan on Oct 06, 2012
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\s we saw in the previous chapter, weak interactions violate, separately
)oth the C and P symmetries. Nevertheless, it was thought until the earlj
L960s that the combined operation of CP might hold for all interactions
3ecause the CP transformation takes a physical particle state to a physica
mtiparticle state, as shown in the example of Eq. (11.62), invariance un-
ier CP is equivalent to having a particle-antiparticle symmetry in nature
however, the universe is known to be dominated by matter, with essentiallj
10 antimatter present, which is tantamount to saying that there is a definite
aarticle-antiparticle asymmetry in the universe. This would suggest thai
7P may not be a symmetry of all the fundamental interactions, and, ir
act, as we will describe below, there are processes in which the combined
)peration of CP is violated. In this chapter we discuss the violation of CF
n weak interactions. It should be recognized that, if CPT is a symmetry
)f all physical systems, then a violation of CP automatically implies that
C must also be violated. CP violation therefore implies that there are mi-
:roscopic (subatomic) processes for which time has a unique direction oi

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