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/;'jfsf] klxnf] ;fKtflxs va/ klqsf

:jtGq ;"rgf k|jfxsf] nflu xfd|f] k|of;

Rasuwa Khabar Weekly
jif{ #, c+s !@, @)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

/QmrGbg s'lxg] cj:yfdf

x]dgfy vltj8f

w'Gr], lhNnf jg sfof{no
/ nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~h sfof{no
/;'jfdf /x]sf] 7'nf] kl/df0fsf]
/QmrGbg cnkq cj:yfdf
5 . cnkq /QmrGbg s'xLg]
cj:yfdf k'usf] 5 . b'O{ j6}
sfof{nodf /x]sf] 7'nf] kl/df0fsf]
/QmrGbg cnkq cj:yfdf /x]sf]
xf] .

/;'jfdf uN5L–lqz"nL–
:ofk|m'j]zL–/;'jfu9L gfsfx'b} ef/
taf6 rLg hf]8\g] 5f]6f] dfu{ ePkl5
t:s/n] of] af6f] k|of]u ul/ /Qm

rGbsf] cf];f/k;f/ ug{yfn]kl5
a]af/L;] cj:yfdf 5f8LPsf]
d'nvs{ klx/f]sf] / uf]Nh'ª
uflj;df dfq km]nf k/]sf]
/QmrGbg lgs'~h tyf jg
sfof{nodf /x]sf] xf] .

b'j} j6f sfof{nodf
/x]sf] /QmrGbg /;'jf lhNnfsf]
af6f] x'Fb} l5d]sL ldq /fi6« rLg
tkm{ lgsfzL ug{ vf]Hbf nfª6fª
lgs'~hn] @)^$ ;fndf lgoGq0fdf
lnPsf] lyof] eg] lhNnf jg
sfof{non] klg jg If]qdf ;f]xL jif{
g} b'O{ k6s u/L 7'nf] kl/df0fdf
-afFsL & k[i7df_

(Sept 30 , 2012)

;fKtflxs

k[i7 *

d"No ¿= &.–

jt{dfg ;/sf/ Oltxf;s}
gfnfos M cf]nL

sf7df8f}+,
g]skf
-Pdfn]_ sf k|efjzfnL g]tf
tyf :yfoL sld6L ;b:o s]kL
zdf{ cf]nLn] b]z?kL /]nnfO{
b'3{6gf u/fP/ jt{dfg ;/sf/sf
k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n]
g}ltstfsf cfwf/df tTsfn 7fpF
vfnL ug'{kg]{ atfpg'ePsf] 5 .

k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfn
åf/f a'waf/ oxfF cfof]lht cGt/
lqmof sfo{qmddf af]Nb} g]tf
cf]nLn] c;Ifd eO;s]sf] ;/
sf/n] 7fpF cf]u6]/ a:g' b]znfO{
emg ;+s6df kfg'{ xf] eGg'eof] .
æwg'if p7fpg uPsf k|wfgdGqL
afa'/fd e§/fO{n] g wg'if p7fpg
;s] g c?nfO{ p7fpg] 7fpF 5f8]\
Æ pNn]v ub}{ cf]nLn] jt{dfg
;/sf/ Oltxf;s} gfnfos ePsf]
cf/f]k nufpg'eof] .

æjt{dfg ;/sf/;Fu

Odfg, hdfg s]xL 5}gÆ, rrf{ ub}{
g]tf cf]nLn] æb]z hxfF;'s} hfcf];\
cfkm"dGqL / k|wfgdGqL e}/fv'F,
k};f sdfO{ /fv'F ;f]rn] afa'/fd
g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ u|:t /x]sf] 5Æ
pxfFn] jt{dfg ;/sf/sf] jlxu{dg
ljgf gofF ;xdltsf] jftfj/0f
aGg g;Sg] pNn]v ug'{eof] .

jftf{ / ;xdltsf] gfddf
;do jjf{b ug]{ unt gLltdf
Pdfcf]jfbL nfu]sf] cf/f]k nufpFb}
cf]nLn] /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx?
clxn] ;fFrf] cy{df lhDd]jf/L jxg
gu/] d'n's 7"nf] b'3{6gfdf kmF:g]
bfjL ug'{eof] . æjftf{ gu?F eg]
;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf] af6f] ToxL
xf], jftf{df a;'F eg] ;Qf l6sfpg
s} nflu dfcf]jfbLn] ;xdltsf]
gfddf cNdNofO{ /x]sf] 5Æ
pxfFn] rrf{ ug'{eof] .

bnx?aLr ;xdlt

eO{ cfufdL j}zfv h]7df
;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg x'g'
clgjfo{ /x]sf] eGb} cf]nLn]
;+ljwfg;efaf6} gofF ;+ljwf
g hf/L ug'{sf] ljsNk g/x]sf]
atfpg'eof] . sf+u|];n] ;/sf/sf]
g]t[Tjsf nflu v'§f 6]Sg g;s]sf]
eGb} pxfFn] sf+u|];n] lxDdt gu/]
Pdfn] To;sf] nflu tof/ /x]sf]
atfpg'eof] .

g]skf
-Pdfn]_
s]Gb|Lo sld6L ;b:o tyf
pkTosf OGrfh{ s[i0fuf]kfn
>]i7n] jt{dfg ;/sf/n] ubf{
d'n's ;d:ofsf] bnbndf kmF:b}
uPsfn] o;sf] jlxu{dgsf nflu
Pdfn]n] ;zVt?kdf cfGbf]ngsf]
tof/L u/]sf] atfpg'eof] .
c;f]h !( ut]sf] cfGbf]ng ;Qf
kl/jt{gsf lglDtdfq s]Gb|Lt
-afFsL # k[i7df_

@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fKtflxs

;DkfbsM
l8NnLs'df/ b]jsf]6f -(*$!^%#%#^_
;x–;DkfbsM
k|]dk|;fb kf}8]n -(&$!)!^&#@_
k|sfzsM
x]dgfy vltj8f -df] (*$!^!!@&!, (&$!)!$)!$_
k|d'v ;DjfbbftfM ljZjf; g]kfnL -df]=(*$!&$!*^^_
nfld5fg] sfG5f -df]= (*$!()#^$!_
Joj:yfksM gj/fh Gof}kfg] -df]=(&%!)))@%@_
ljt/s M
k"0f{k|;fb Gof}kfg]
w'Gr] M
/fs]z nfdf -(*$!*(#!#(_
sf7df8f}+ M
s]zj Gof}kfg] -;[hgf l8lh6n kmf]6f] :6'l8of],


afnfh', afOkf;_
l8hfOgM
¿k]z >]i7 -ljb'/_
Od]n M rasuwakhabar1@gmail.com, j]e ;fO{8 www.rasuwakhabar.com
d'b|0f M >L dxfnIdL ckm;]6 k|];,lab'/, g'jfsf]6
sDKo'6/M /;'jf va/ 8]S;6k

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dnfO{ Pp6f c;n cfdf b]pm,
d ltdLnfO{ /fHo lbG5' .

– g]kf]lnog af]gfkf6{

 ;DkfbsLo 

ljjfb ;dfwfg u/

c7f/ jif{b]lv k|ToIf ?kdf ljjfbdf
k/]sf] lrlnd] uflj;sf] ;fªh]g vs{sf] clxn];Dd
ljjfbdf 5 . lagfsf/0f of] of] vs{n] ljjfb v]Kg' kl//
x]sf] 5 . s] g} uNtL u/]sf] 5 / of] e"ldn] g s;}nfO{
pkef]u ug{af6 al~rt kf/]sf] 5 g s;}sf] dftxtdf g} /
xg rfxG5 . lrgsf] e"–efu 6]s]/ dfq ToxfF k'Ug ;lsG5
. lrlnd]df /x]sf] w]/} r/0f If]q dWo] ;fªh]g vs{ Ps
r/g Ifq xf] . uTnfª uflj;sf gful/sn] xfd|f] e"efu
eg]/ o; If]qnfO{ ljjfbdf NofPsf] b]lvG5 . lrlnd]
uflj;sf] bfjL xfd|f] uflj;df 5 eGg] xf] . h] xf];\ ;fdfGo
cfFvfn] xfbf{ of] sf]xL klg JolQmsf] gfddf x'g] s'/f kTof/
ug{ ;lsGg .

x'gt of] 7fpF klxn]b]lv g} ljjfbdf 5 . k~rfotsfn
jf Tof] eGbf klxn] klg oxfF ljjfb lyof] . h] xf]'\ ljgf sf/0f
åGbsf] 3fp af]s]/ a;]sf] 5 ;fªh]g . ;j}n] ldn]/ o;
7fpFnfO{ ko{6sLo If]qsf] ?kdf ljsf; ug{;s] nfª6fª
If]qkl5sf] /;'jfsf] ko{6sLo:yn aGg]df gsf{g ;lsGg .
of] :yn s'g} AolQmsf] s'g} v]tLof]Uo hldg xf] eGg ;lsGg
. of] k'/fgf] vs{ xf] clxn] vs{ btf{ ug]{ / /fHonfO{
s/ ltg'{ kg]{ gLlt 5}g . of] g lrlnd]sf] dfwq xf] g cGo
s'g} uflj; jf ;+:yf ljz]ifsf] x'g;S5 .

e]8f / rf}/Lsf] r/g If]q dfq ePsf] :ynut
cg'udgaf6 klg of] ;fj{hlgs kfvf] g} xf] . k/Dk/fb]lv
g'jfsf]6 wflbª / /;'jfsf] uTnfª, uf]Nh'ª uflj;jf;Ln]
;d]t ldn]/ pkef]u ub}{ cfPsf] k'/fgf] vs{df r/L r/
gsf] ?kdf pkef]u ;j}n] ug{ kfpg' kg]{ lrlnd]af;Lsf] dfu
hfoh xf] eg] o; kIfdf 6'ª\UofP/ ljjfbsf] ;dfwfg vf]Hg
;lsG5 .

k'/fgf] ;fj{hlgs vs{ ;j}n] pkef]u ug{
kfpg' g} xf] To;nfO{ ;fj{hlgs g} xf] eGg]df ;j}sf]
dt Ps x'g] s'/f gsf{g klg ;lsGg . h] xf]; \
Gofonon] o;sf] 6'Ëf] nufpg] g} 5 . k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf
d'2f k/]sf] jiff}+ kl5 lhNnf cbfnt ToxfF k'u]/ :ynut
cg'udg u/]sf] 5 . To;}n] l5§} lgsf;f kfpg]df cfzf
ug{ ;lsG5 .

/;'jfs} klxnf] æOlG:6Ro'6 tyf ;fOj/Æ
nfª6fª sDKo'6/ P08 OlG:6Ro'6
w'Gr], /;'jf

xfd|f ;]jfx¿

• sDKo'6/ sIff • Basic Course • Diploma Course
Od]n, OG6/g]6, kmf]g ;]jf -STD /ISTD_, kmf]6f]skL,
n]ldg]zg, a'safOl08ª, gfOng 5fk, k|];sf ;Dk"0f{ 5kfOsf] c8{/
lnOG5 . ;fy} :6]zg/Lsf ;fdfu|Lx¿ ;'ne d"Nodf kfpgsf] nflu xfdLnfO{
;Demg'xf];\ .

k|f]= lbks nfdf

;Dk{s M )!)—%$)@#^ df]=(*$!*(#@**÷(*$!*(#!#(

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Pdfn]n] af]Sg'kg]{ Ph]08f

c;f]h !( ut] g]skf
-Pdfn]_ n] b]zJofkL?kdf cfkm\gf]
Psn zlQm k|bz{gsf] tof/L u/]sf]
5 . ut h]7 @^ ut] sf7df8f}+df u/]sf]
;+o'Qm zlQm k|bz{gn] Pdfn] nlHht
ag]sf] lyof] . ToxL nHhf:kb kl/l:
yltnfO{ of] k|bz{gn] k'g]{ nIo kf6L{sf]
5 . t/ !( ut]sf] k|bz{gdf gful/sx?
Pdfn]nfO{ ;fy lbg ;8s k|bz{gdf
cfpF5g\ t eGg] k|Zg cGof}nd}
5 . Pdfn]n] gful/snfO{ ;8sdf
cfp eGb}df cfpFb}gg\ . To;/L g
ljutdf cfP g cfutdf g} cfpg]
5g\ . lxhf];Dd cfGbf]ngsf] nx8 lyof]
. nf]stGq k|fKtLsf nflu gful/sx?
cft'/ lyP . ;8s cfGbf]ngdf cfpg]
pgLx?sf] afWotf lyof] . t/ clxn]
Tof] kl/l:ylt ljNs'n} 5}g . lxhf];Dd
/fhgLlts bnsf] s]xL xb;Dd ;fv
sfod lyof] . gful/sx? g]tf / bnk|lt
ljZj:t lyP . ;dfh kl/jt{gsf
nflu /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx?nfO{
;3fpg'k5{ eGg] ;f]Ry] . t/ cfh To:
tf] klg ;f]Rb}gg\ .

/fhgLlts
bnsf
g]tfx?nfO{ gful/sn] kTofpg 5fl8
;s] . gful/ssf] ljZjf;df ljZjf;3ft
ul/lbPkl5 To:tf] kl/l:ylt ;[hgf
eof] . cfh gful/sx? s]xL xb;Dd
/fhgLlts tyf ;fdflhs?kdf ;r]t
5g\ . Gofo / cGofo v'6\ofpg] ePsf
5g\ . To;}n] ca gful/sx?nfO{
;8sdf ptfg{ Tolt ;xh 5}g . rfx]
Tof] Pdfn]sf] zlQm k|bz{gdf xf];\ of
Pdfcf]jfbL, sf+u|]; Pj+ cGo bnsf]
sfo{qmd lsg gxf];\ . kf6L{n] cfJxfg
ub}{df gful/sx? km'–dGt/n] ;8s
k|bz{gdf cfpF5g\ eGg] e|d ca kflng'
x'Gg . …pwf/f] cfZjf;gn] k]6 eb}{gÚ
eGg] s'/f gful/sn] a'em\5g\ . gful/
snfO{ ;8sdf Nofpg ca pgLx?nfO{
lrQa'em\bf] s'g} g s'g} Ph]08f sfod
ug}{k5{ .

æs'/fn] Ro'/f leHb}gÆ
eGg] egfO{ hgg]tf dbg e08f/Ln]
Tolts} eg]sf xf]Ogg\ . pgdf b'/
blz{tf / ;dfhnfO{ cfFsng ug{;Sg]
Ifdtf lyof] . gful/ssf OR5f tyf
cfsf+Iff ku]{Ng;Sg] v'aL lyof] .
cfh pgL ePsf] eP Pdfn] kf6L{ t];|f]
kf6L{ x'g] lyPg . g t b]znfO{ å0åsf]
ef;df g} efl;g' kg]{lyof] . clxn]
Pdfn] pgn] k|ltkfbg u/]sf] hgtfsf]
ax'bnLo hgjfb -hjh_ nfO{ cfkm\gf]
dfu{bz{s l;4fGt agfPsf] 5 . t/ ;f]
l;4fGtaf/] kf6L{n] cfkm\g} sfo{stf{nfO{
:ki6 kfg{ ;s]sf] 5}g . cfd g]kfnL
gful/sn] a'em\g] t w]/} k/sf] s'/f
hjhsf] JofVof g]tflkR5] km/s 5 .
sfo{stf{ ;d]t /0fe'Nndf 5g\ . h;n]
h] cy{ nufOlbP klg hjh x'g] xf] eg]
sfo{stf{ Tof] l;4fGtnfO{ s;/L ks8\
g] < h'g tl/sfn] h:tf] af6f]af6 lx8]
klg hjhsf] l;4fGt nfu' x'g] t kSs}
xf]Og xf]nf . t/ kl/l:ylt / g]tfx?sf]
JofVofsf] z}nLn] ToxL s'/fsf] ;+s]t
ug]{ u/]sf] 5 . o; l;4fGtnfO{ klxn]
Pdfn] To;kl5 sfo{stf{nfO{ ;xL
cy{df k|lzlIft u/fpg} k5{ . sfo{stf{
k|lzlIft ePdfq cGo gful/snfO{ ;f]
af/] k|i6\ofpg] lxDdt ug]{5g\ .

ca /fhgLlt cg'xf/,
gfs / hftn] x'Fb}g . ljrf/ / ;xL
l;4fGt rflxG5 . clxn] hftLotfsf]
s'/f p7fpg] hghflt g]tfx?n] klg
of] s'/f a'em\g' k5{ . Tof] d]/f] hftsf]
xf], To;}n] d p;sf] kl5 nfU5' eGg]
sfo{stf{ ca 5}gg\ . Ifl0fs?kdf
hfltotfsf] dfofdf]x x'g;Snf t/
cGttM ;dfwfg lbgnfO{ ljrf/ /
;xL dfu{;lxtsf] l;4fGts} vfFrf]
k5{, h;n] bL3{sflng?kdf ;dfh

kf6L{ kl/Tofu ug'{ ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg
x'+b} xf]Og . nf} d ;s]g To;}n] kf6L{
Tofu]+ eg]/ hgtfdfem hfg' cfkm}nfO{
c;Ifd ;fljt ug'{ xf] .

nSsL rf}w/L
/ d'n'snfO{ ult lbg;S5 . hft,
eft / 9fF6n] g /fhgLlt rNg;S5 g
;dfhn] cu|ult lng ;S5 . Pdfn]
leqsf hghflt g]tfx? clxn] ;a}eGbf
j9L lg/fz 5g\ . pkfWoIf czf]s /fO{
;d]t ;f] lg/fzfsf] 3]/fdf 5g\ . kf6L{n]
hghfltsf] d'2fnfO{ dxTj lbPg eGg]
pgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . To;sf nflu pgL
kf6L{ kl/Tofu ug]{;Ddsf] lgrf]8df
k'u;s]sf 5g\ . t/ s] pgL kf6L{ 5f8\
b}df hghfltsf d'2f ;Daf]wg x'G5 t
< hghfltsf d'2f ;Daf]wgsf nflu
dflyNnf] lgsfoaf6} ;fd'xs kxnsf]
vfFrf] k5{ ls km'6]/, 6'qmP/ ;8sdf
ef}tfl/P/ d'2f ;Daf]wg x'G5 < o;k|lt
cem} c;Gt'i6 hghflt g]tfx? uDeL/
eP/ dgg ug'{k5{ . kf6L{ kl/Tofu ug'{
;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'Fb} xf]Og . …nf} d
;s]g To;}n] kf6L{ Tofu]+Ú eg]/ hgtf
dfem hfg' cfkm}nfO{ c;Ifd ;fljt
ug'{ xf] .

3/ km'6]/, ;dfhaf6 cnu
eP/, kl/jf/df lju|x NofP/ ;d:of
;dfwfg s;/L x'G5 < zlQm ;~ro
ug{ 5fl8 zlQm ltt/ljt/ u/]/ s;/
L lj/f]wL;Fu n8\g ;lsPnf / Û xf]
c;Gt[li6 ;a};Fu 5 . czf]s /fO{;lxt
cGo hghflt g]tf;Fu xf]nf . Pdfn]
leqsf hghflt g]tfdfq xf]Og, cGo
kf6L{sf hghflt g]tf;Fu klg x'g;Snf
. /fHoaf6 nfdf] ;do;Dd x]lkPsf,
r]lkPsf ju{sf] c;Gt'i6 x'g' c:j
efljs xf]Og . t/ c;xdlt / c;Gt'i6
x'g] ljlQs} cnUu} 8Dkm' ahfP/ klg t
;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'Fb}g . 3/leqsf]
n8fO{ t 3/leq} n8]/ lhTg ;Sg'
k5{ . cfkm'n] lng'kg]{ clwsf/ cfk;d}
;+3if{ u/]/ lng' a'4dfgL x'G5 .
;d:ofb]lv efu]/ clwsf/ lnG5'
eGg' sfo/tf xf] . h'emf?x? slxNo}
;d:ofaf6 efUb}gg\ . xf]
;d:of hl6n 5 . t/ ;d:ofnfO{
lhTg c;Dej t 5}g lg . To;nfO{
afx'ann] xf]Og, ljrf/ / ts{n] lhTg]
k|of; ul/g'k5{ . afx'ann] lhTg] eP
cfh Pdfcf]jfbLn] ;a} lhlt;SYof] .
p;nfO{ zflGtk|lqmofdf cfpg afWotf
x'Fb}gYof] xf]nf .

clxn] Pdfn]n] af]Sg;Sg]
cg]s d'2fx? 5g\ . Pdfcf]jfbL
g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/n] y'k|} gf}6ª\sL ul//
x]sf] 5 . ;Qfdf a;]/ ;/sf/L 9's'6Ln]
;8s ;+3if{ ul//x]sf] 5 . b'gofFdf
;Qfl;g bnn] ;8sdf slxNo} tdf;f
ub}{g . o;nfO{ ks8]/ hgtfnfO{
;r]t kfg'{k5{ . clxn]sf] ;d:ofnfO{
Sof; ug{ ;Sg] xf] eg] g]kfnL hgtf
Pdfn]sf] k5fl8 cem} nfUg;Sg] k|jn
;Defjgf 5 . lxhf] å0åsf a]nf
tTsflng dfcf]jfbLn] lbPsf] cfZjf;g
s]jn cfZjf;gd} ;Lldt eP .
sfof{Gjogdf cfpg ;s]g . ;Qfdf
cfkm'x? k'u] hgtfsf nflu sfofkn6
ug]{ cfZjf;g pgLx?n] afF8]sf lyP .
dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf tyf pkfWoIf b'O{
hgfs} g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ alg;Sof] . t/
hgtfsf] cfzfnfO{ pgLx?n] l;Gsf];Dd
efFRg] sfd u/]gg\ . s]jn cfkm\gf] :
jfy{k'lt{s} nflu ;Qfdf lnKt eP . cfh
Pdfcf]jfbLk|lt 7'nf] k+lQm c;Gt'i6

5 . Pdfn]sf] hghflt g]tfsf] c;Gt'i6
t s]xL klg xf]Og . dfcf]jfbLsf]
c;Gt'i6sf] k+lQmsf] klxrfg ug]{ xf]
eg] dfcf]jfbLdf Pslbg 7'n} ;'gfdL
hfg;Sg] cj:yf 5 .

dfS;{jfbdf hftLotf sf]
cfOl8of]nf]hL sxL+ st} x'Fb}g . t/
Pdfcf]jfbLn] To;nfO{ p7fP/ sDo'gi6
cfGbf]ngdf ljrng NofOlbPsf] 5 .
Ifl0fs JolQmut :jfy{sf nflu b]znfO{
bfpdf nufpg] sfd Pdfcf]jfbLn]
u/]sf] 5 . o;af/] hgtfnfO{ ;';'rt
u/fpg] sfd Pdfn]n] ug{ ;Sg'k5{ .
Pdfn]n] p7fpg] jlu{otfsf s'/f ;xL
5 t/ To;n] wgLnfO{ kf]:g] / ul/
anfO{ emg ul/a agfO/fVg] sfd
x'g'x'Gg . clxn];Ddsf] cEof;n]
ToxL b]vfPsf] 5 . Pdfn]n] o; dfg]df
cfkm'nfO{ ;Rofpg'k5{ . a9\bf] dxª\
uL, k]6«f]lnod kbfy{sf] cefj, JofKt
e|i6frf/, k};f lt/]/;d]t ls;fgn]
dn, ljp gkfpg] cj:yf, dfcf]jfbL
sfo{stf{sf] sfnf]wGbf, t:s/L, 3';vf]/
L tyf cg}lts lqmofsnfkaf/] hgtfnfO{
;';'rt ug{ ;Sg] xf] eg] gful/sx?df
Pdfn]k|ltsf] cfzf / ljZjf; knfpg
;Sg] cj:yf cem} 5 .

clxn] b]zdf a]/f]huf/Lsf]
;d:of 5 . b}lgs xhf/f}+ o'jfx?
/f]huf/sf] vf]hLdf ljb]z knfog eO/
x]sf 5g\ . nfvf}+ o'jfx?nfO{ ljb]zdf
knfog u/fP/ lgjf{rg u/fpFbf s:tf]
kl/0ffd cfpnf < o'jfx?sf] ;xeflutf
ljgfsf] lgjf{rgn] cu|udgsf] sfd ug{
;Snf < o'jfx?nfO{ :jb]zd} /f]Sg],
:jb]zd} /f]huf/L lbg] of]hgf / sfo{gLlt
Nofpg ;Sg] xf] eg] g]kfnLx?sf] cfzf
/ ljZjf; Pdfn]k|lt knfpg] 5 . To;f]
ug{ ;Sof] eg] Pdfn] gful/ssf k5fl8
xf]Og, gful/sx? :jtM:km't{?kdf
Pdfn]sf k5fl8 nfUg] 5g\ .

t/ of] d'2fnfO{ ;zVt
s;/L kfg]{ < hgtfdfem s;/L lnP/
hfg] eGg] dfu{lrq agfpg' k5{ . 7f];
sfo{gLlt agfpg'k5{ . tTsflng,
cNksflng tyf bL3{sflng of]hgf
agfP/ hfg'kg]{ x'G5 . To;sf nflu
Pdfn] klxn] cfkm' ;+ul7t, Pstfj4
x'g ;Sg'k5{ . efif0fdf u'6 cGTo
ePsf] eGg] t/ Jojxf/df sfod}
/fVg] 5n5fdsf] gLltn] rNb}g .
/fhgLltdf xf/ / hLt x'G5 .
Psrf]6Lsf] xf/n] l;+uf] k[YjL efl;b}g
. xf/nfO{ k'g]{ /0fgLlt tyf sfo{gLltsf
;fy cufl8 a9] lhTg c;xh 5}g .
/fhgLlts bnx?n] ;+ljwfg;efsf]
csf]{ lgjf{rgdf hfg] k'gM ;xdlt u/]sf
5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] k|]m; lgjf{rgaf6
cfpg] csf]{ l6dn] lh/f]af6 sfd
yfNbf k'gM k'Ug] ToxL ;d:ofd} xf] .
rf/ jif{;Dd h'g sfd g]tf / ;ef;bn]
ug{ ;s]gg\ . ToxL ;d:of ef]ln
cfpg] xf] . lxhf] ug{ g;s]sfn] ef]ln
unf{g\ eGg] s;n] dfGg] < g]tf pxL,
/fhgLlts bn pxL, lgjf{rg n8\g]
pDd]bj/ pxL, lht]/ cfpg] pxL . ;a}
k'/fg} dfG5], k'/fg} ;d:of / k'/fg} ts{
z}nLn] csf]{ lgjf{rg ub}{df gofF ;+ljwfg hf/L e}xfN5 eg]/ hgtfn] s;/L
kTofpg] <

-n]vs M k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfnsf s]Gb|Lo
;lrj x'g\ ._

@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fKtflxs

#

u|fdL0f ;8sdf nufgL, jfn'jfdf kfgL

g ' j f s f ] 6 s f
ufpFnfO{ ;b/d'sfd ljb'/;Fu
hf]8\g lgdf{0f ul/Psf clwsf+z
u|fld0f ;8sx? o;jif{sf] jiff{t\
sf] sf/0f af9L / klx/f]n] lgs}
IftljIft / hf]lvdk"0f{ ePsf 5g\
. dfkb08 / :yfgLo k|efjsf] kl/
If0f g} gul/ lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt
g'jfsf]6 / ;DjlGwt uflj;n] /
sd nufgL u/]sf] pkef]Qmfx?sf]
egfO{ 5 .

u|fdL0f ;8s dd{tsf
gfddf afn'jfdf kfgL gxfNg
;/f]sf/jfnfn] g'jfsf]6sf ^! j6}
uflj; / lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt
nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . jiff{ofddf
7fpF7fpFdf uPsf] klx/f]n] ;8s
dfu{ IftljIft / vfN8fv'N8L
kg'{sf ;fy} gbL s6fg klg ePsf]
x'Fbf d'Vo / ;xfos ;8sx?df
oftfoft cfjfudg cem} 7Kk
5g\ .

k|ToIf lgu/fgL /
cg'udgdf u|fdL0f df]6/af6f]
dd{t ul/g'kg{] pkef]Qmfx?sf]
egfO{ 5 . sltko :yfgdf
glhlsFbf] rf8kj{;Fu} u|fdL0f ;8s
dd{tsf gfddf s'6f] sf]bfnf]n]
sfGnf vg]/ vfN8f 5f]k]sf] e/
df lhlj; tyf uflj;sf] /sd
afn'jfdf nufgL x'g k'u]sf] lkms'/L
sf :yfgLojf;L b]j]Gb| Gof}kfg]n]
u'gf;f] ug{'eof] .

hL0f{ / hf]lvdk"0f{
xfnt ePsf ;8sx?df xfn
df]6/ g} u'8\b}gg\ . ufpFdf
pTkflbt cGg, t/sf/L ahf/;Dd
k'¥ofpg / b}lgs pkef]uo j:t'
lsg]/ Nofpgb]lv b}lgs cfjt
hfjt ug{ u|fld0f afl;Gbfsf nfuL
;8s hlt dxTjk"0f{ dflgG5 .
t/, hL0f{ s'?k ag]sf] ;8ssf
sf/0f Tolt g} ;f:tL ef]Ug'k5{ .
k|fljlws cWoog / ;j]{If0f gu/L
/sd vr{ ug{s} nfuL cGbfw'Gb

b]jrGb| e§
?kdf vlgPsf ;8s jiff{t\sf]
klx/f]n] k'l/Fbf / vf]nfn] s6fg
ubf{ klg ;DalGwt lgsfon] Wofg
lbPsf] 5}g . h;n] ubf{ u|fld0f
s[lif cy{tGqdf ulDe/ ;d:of
b]vfk/]sf] xf] . jiff{t\df lxnfDd]
/ IftljIft ;8ssf sf/0f
k}bn ofqf ug{;d]t sl7g ePsf]
lyof] .

g'jfsf]6sf]
lkms'/L,
sfx'n], efNr], ;fd/L, a'ªtfª,
lsDtfª, bfªl;ª, nRofª,
pn]{gL, /fptj]zL+, lzv/j]F;L,
s'd/L,
eb'|6f/,
yfgfklt
nufot ljleGg uflj;sf k|foM
;8s hL0f{ / klx/fsf] s6fgdf
k/]sf] 5 . :yfgLo ljsf; dGqf
no, lhlj;, uflj; / cGo
lgsfoaf6 lgdf{0f lj:tf/ ul/Psf
ufpFufpFsf ;8sx? cJojl:yt
tj/n] vlgPsf] cf/f]k ;j{;fwf/
0f / ;/f]sf/jfnfsf] 5 .

clxn];Dd g'jfsf]6df
slt lsnf]ld6/ ;8s lgdf{0f
eP, To;sf] olsg tYof+s t
5}g . t/, ^! j6} uflj;df ;8s
;~hfn km}ln;s]sf 5g\ eg] ;b/
d'sfdb]lv 6f9fsf s]xLafx]s
;a}h;f] uflj;sf j8f–j8fdf
df]6/af6f] k'lu;s]sf 5g\ . t}klg
oxfFsf ;8sdf lxpFbdf dfq

h]gt]g uf8L u'8\5g\ . Ps bzs
eGbf k'/fgf ;8sx?sf] klg
:t/f]GgtL x'g ;s]sf] 5}g .

lxpFbdf t 7fpF 7fpFdf
km:bf 8f]/L nufP/ tfGg'kg]{
;8ssf] cj:yf avf{df t
d]l6Ps} h:tf] ePsf] 5 . u|fa]n
/ gfnL gx'Fbf ;8ssf] :t/ emg\
emg\ vl:sPsf] 5 . lhlj;dfkm{t
x/]s cfly{s jif{df dd{t / ;'wf/
sf] gfddf cg'dflgt #) b]lv
$) s/f]8 vr{ x'G5 . olt 7"nf]
dfqfdf ah]6 vr{ x'G5 t}klg
;8ssf] cj:yf vf;} ;'lw|Psf]
eg] 5}g . t/, dd{tdf ;+nUg
k|fljlwsx? Efg] ah]6 cefjn]
ubf{ g} /fd|/L ;8s dd{t ug{
g;lsPsf] atfpF5g\ .

csf]{tkm{ ;dod} ah]6
lgsf;f gx'g'n] klg ;8ssf]
eljio bL3{sfnLg x'g g;s]sf]
;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] a'emfO{ 5 .
cfly{s jif{sf] cGTolt/ lgsf;f
ul/Psf] /sdn] jiff{tsf] d'vdf
cfP/ dd{t ubf{ ah]6 vr{ dfq
ug]{ k|j[lt xfjL ePsf] / ljsf;]
sfddf To;sf] ;xL pkof]u
gePsf] :yfgLosf] csf]{ cf/f]k
5.
g'jfsf]6sf] k"jL{ e]udf /x]sf]
s'd/Ldf jiff{n] ;8s hL0f{ /

s'?k ePs} sf/0f pTkflbt t/
sf/Lx? Afhf/;Dd k'Ug ;d:of
k/]sf] 5 . /fhwfgL / wflbªsf]
wfs]{ahf/;lxt a'6an / e}/
xjf;Dd oxfFaf6 lgof{t x'Fb} cfPsf]] t/sf/L b}lgs b'O{÷tLg l6k
pTkfbg x'g]u5{ . ;8s ;d:
ofs} sf/0f ufp+df pTkflbt
sl/a b'O{ s/f]8 ?k}ofF a/fa/
sf] t/sf/L ahf/;Dd k'¥ofpg
g;Sbf ls;fgx? dsf{df k/]sf]
:yfgLojf;L zDe' kg]?n] u'gf;f]
ug{'eof] .

;8s hL0f{ / s'?k
x'Fbf ;b/d'sfdaf6 ufpFdf
PDa'n]G;;Dd cfpg ;Sg]
cj:yf 5}g . …df]6/af6f] k'Ubf
v';L ePsf :yfgLo clxn] af6f]
g;'lw|Psf]df lrlGtt 5g\ . u|fa]n
xflnPnf eGbf emg\emg\ lalu|b}
uPsf] 5Ú, kg]?n] eGg'eof]] .

;8ssf] b'b{zf ePkl5
cfkm'x? #) lsnf]ld6/ b'/Ldf
/x]sf] ahf/ / ;b/d'sfd k'Ug
$% lsnf]ld6/ lxF8\g afWo ePsf]
kg]?sf] egfO{ 5 . kf;fªNxfd'
dfu{sf] h'/]y'd ahf/b]lv
s'd/Lsf] em\ofª\nLkf]v/L;Ddsf]
#) lsnf]ld6/ ;8sdf ;fdfGo
dd{t ug{ dfq} jflif{s %) b]lv
^) nfv ah]6 vr{ x'g] u/]sf]
5 . t/, Jojl:yt tj/n] dd{t
ug'{eGbf 3/3/df df]6/ k'¥ofpg]
c:j:y xf]8jfhLn] d'Vo ;8sdf

Wofg hfg g;s]sf] :yfgLo
/fhgLlts
bnsf
g]tfx?
atfpF5g\ .

6«ofs vf]lng] ;fgf
ltgf af6f]df vlr{g] b'O{ jif{sf]
jh]6 d'Vo u|fld0f ;8sdf
vlr{g kfPsf dfq} af¥x} dlxgf
df]6/ rNg] lyof],–…t/ ;a}sf]
lrQ a'emfpg} ;d:of 5Ú, Ps :
yfgLo Ps bnsf g]tfn] afWotf
;'gfP . ;fdfGotM 6«ofs vf]Ng
u|fld0f ;8sdf k|ltlsnf]ld6/ !)
b]lv !% nfv ?k}ofF vr{ x'g]
ub{5 .

…r'gfj lhTg g]tfx?n]
u|fdL0f e]usf ;8snfO{ pkof]u
dfq geO{ gf/f g} agfP . t/,
lht]/ uPkl5 s;}n] jf:tf u/]gg\
Ú, pn]{gLsf o'jf /fh]Zj/ df]Qmfgsf]
u'gf;f] 5 . pgL yK5g\–…;8sdf
ah]6 dfq vGofO/x]klg lbuf]
?kdf l6Sg] u/L dd{t ug{
;d]t s;}n] kxn u/]sf] 5}g .Ú
df]Qmfgsf cg';f/ ToxfF klg
jiff{t\sf] ;do /x'Gh]n oftfoftsf
;fwg grNbf pkef]Uo j:t'sf]
ef/L 306f}+ nufP/ af]Sg'kg]{
cj:yf 5 . ;b/d'sfd k'u]/
;fdfg laqmL ug'{ / ;fFemsf] 5fs
6fg{ rfdn lsg]/ 3/ kmls{g'kg]{
afWotf x'G5 t}klg ;8s hL0f{ /
hf]lvdk"0f{ ePsf]n] 3/ k'luG5
sL k'lub}g eGg] qf; ufp+jf;Ldf
/lx/xG5 .

o'jf ;+3sf] If]qLo clwj]zg ;Dkg

ljb'/ . kl/jlt{t ;Gbe{;Fu} sfo{stf{ lj:tf/df s[ofzLn
g]skf Pdfn]sf] o'jf ;+u7g o'jf ;+3 g]kfn g'jfsf]6sf] @ g+= If]lqo
clwj]zg ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . v/fgL6f/df ;DkGg clwj]zgn] cfufdL
@ jif{] sfo{sfnsf nflu vfgLufpFsf tf]ofgfy 9sfnsf] cWoIftfdf @%
;b:oLo o'jf ;+3 @ g+= If]lqo sld6L lglj{/f]w rog ePsf] 5 .

e]nfn] pkfWoIfdf s[i0f vltj8f, ;lrjdf lbg]z Gof}kfg],
;x;lrjdf ?ks pk|]tL / sf]iffWoIfdf dfof nfdfnfO{ rog u/]sf]
5 . clwj]zgsf] o'jf ;+3sf s]Gb|Lo cWoIf dx]z a:g]tn] pb\3f6g

xflb{s ;dj]bgf
hGd M ;fpg ^ @)!*
h'nfO{, @!, !(^!

d[To' M c;f]h % @)^(
;]K6]Da/ !# @)!@

>L sflnsf:yfg dlxnf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 w}a'Ësf
cWoIf ;Ltf clwsf/Lsf klt gldgfy clwsf/Lsf] c;dflos lgwgsf] va/n]
xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . zf]ssf] o; 38Ldf d[tfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{
!# cf}+ lbgsf] k'0o ltlydf xflb{s ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f}+ . ;Dk"0f{ cfkmGthg
tyf kl/jf/ k|lt w}o{ wf/0f ug]{ zlQm ldnf];\ egL OZj/;Fu k|fy{gf ub{5f}+ .

dlxnf tyf afnjflnsf sfof{no, kl/jf/
w'Gr], /;'jf

ug{'ePsf] lyof] . a:g]tn] o'jfx?nfO{ kl/rfng u/]/ b]zdf a9\bf]
e|i6frf/ / s'zf;gsf] cGTosf nflu cleofg ;~rfng ug{] jtfpg'
eof] .

o'jf ;+3sf lhNnf cWoIf /d]zk|;fb Gof}kfg]sf] cWoIftfdf
;DkGg sfo{qmddf ;+3sf s]Gb|Lo ;lrjfno ;b:o gf/fo0f a:g]t,
/fds[i0f v8\sfnufotn] o'jfx?sf] dxTjnfO{ sd cfFsng ug{ gx'g]
jtfpg'eof] .

ljBfyL{x? k|Zgkq ljxLg

yfgfktL . ;DjlGwt
lgsfosf] x]nr]qmofFOsf sf/0f
g'jfsf]6sf] k"jL{ e]udf /x]sf]
yfgfktL ;|f]ts]Gb| cGtu{t /x]sf
k|fylds ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?n]

k|ZgkqljxLg cj:yfdf k/LIff
lbPsf 5g\ . k|fylds txdf
cWoog/t xhf/f}+ ljBfyL{x?n]
lzIfsx?n] sfnf]kf6Ldf n]v]sf]
k|Zgkq sfkLdf ;f/]/ k|yd
q}dfl;s k/LIff lbg afWo ePsf
x'g\ .
yfgfktL ;|f]ts]Gb| /
geO{ /fli6«otf, :jflwgtf /
hghLljsfsf] ljifodf ;d]t s]Gb|Lt ;DjlGwt ljBfnosf] nfk/jfxLsf
sf/0f ;f] ;|f]ts]Gb| cGtu{t /
x'g] pxfFn] k|i6\ofpg'eof] .

jt{dfg 8f= afa'/fd x]sf #* j6f ljBfnosf k|fylds
e§/fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/ Oltxf;s} txsf ljBfyL{x? sfnf] kf6Ldf
b]zb|f]xL ePsf] cf/f]k nufpFb} g]tf n]lvPsf] k|Zgsf] pQ/ lbg afWo
>]i7n] !( ut] Pdfn]sf !* df]rf{ ePsf] u|fdL0fb]jL dflj ;'gvfgL
sf lzIfs e/t ;Gtf]ifL nfdfn]
;+u7gsf] cfof]hgfdf x'g] lj/f]w hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . kx'Fr ePsfn]
k|bz{gsf] ;Dk"0f{ tof/L k"/f ePsf] k|Zgkq 5kfO{ u/]sf] t/ cfly{s
hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .
?kdf sdhf]/ ljBfnox?n]

k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfnsf k|fylds txsf] k|Zgkq 5kfO{
cWoIf uug lji6sf] ;efklt gu/]sf] sf/0f k|Zgkq gePkl5
Tjdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf Pdfn] ljBfyL{x? sfnf] kf6Ldf n]v]sf]
s]Gb|Lo ;b:o efg'eQm 9sfn, k|Zgsf] pQ/ lbg afWo ePsf]
of]u]z e§/fO{, j}slNks s]Gb|Lo lzIfs nfdfsf] egfO{ 5 . o;
;b:o /fd]Zj/ km'Fofn, jl/i7 ;DjGwdf yfgfktL ;|f]ts]Gb|sf
kqsf/ zDe' >]i7, k|df]b bfxfn ;|f]tJolQm dx]Zj/ kf08];Fu
;Dks{ /fVbf ;Dks{ x'g ;s]g .
nufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

jt{dfg=====

@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fKtflxs

$

a]lNhod gful/s 8]eL DofEo'sf] d[To' cem} /xiodo

36gfsf] tYo kQf gnfUg' b'Mv

w'Gr], uf];fFO{s'08 kb ePsf] tyf o:tf36gfn] l;+uf]
dfu{df rf/ dlxgf cl3 d[t e]l6PsL /fli6«o ko{6gnfO{ Iflt k'¥ofpg]
@# alif{of a]lNhLod gfu/Ls 8]eL ko{6g kf/vL nlntk'/sf :joDe'
DofEo'sf] 36gf cem} /x:odo /fh 8+uf]n atfpF5g\ . of] 36gfsf]
5 . lhNnf k|x/Ln] xTofsf] cfz+s bf]if kQf nufO{ sf/jfxL ul/Pg\
u/]klg 36gfsf] tYo aflx/ cfPsf] eg] ck/fwLx¿sf] dgf]an a9\g]
5 / o:tf 36gf qmlds ?kn]
5}g .

d[ts DofEo' h]7 !& ut] a9b} hfg]5g\ . 3fF6L /]6]/ zl//
nfª6fª 3'Dg cfPsL lyO{g . pgL / 6fpsf] 5'§Psf] cj:yfdf nf;
nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~hsf] O{G6«L kfO{sf]n] xTofsf] cfz+sf ePsf]
kf]i6df cfˆgf] ljj/0f n]vfP/ lyof] . o; 36gfn] 8]eL DofEo'sf
uf];fFO{s'08 tkm{ nfu]sL lyO{g\ . kl/jf/ / pgsf] b]z a]NhLodnfO{
lhNnf ;b/d'sfd glhs} :ofk|m' ddf{xt t agfof] g} t/ l;Fuf] o'/f]k
uflj;– ^ df kg]{ uf];fFO{s'08 hutnfO{ g} g]kfn;Fu ql;t ;d]t
ko{6sLo dfu{sf] b]p/fnL eGbf tn agfOlbof] . clxn] pgLx¿ 8]eL
vGtL eGg] h+undf x/fPsf] !% DofEo'sf xTofsf] sf/0f / 36gfsf]
lbgkl5 e]l6Psf] d[t cj:yfdf oyfy{ ljj/0f ;lxt ck/fwL
dfly sf/jfxLsf] k|ltIff ul//x]sf
e]l66Psf] lyof] .

36gfsf] rf/ dlxgf 5g\ u[x k|zf;g, ko{6g If]q ;Fu
laTbf klg tYo kQf nfu]sf 5}g . ;DalGwt lgsfo / :yfgLo hgtfn]
h;sf sf/0f a]lNhodaf6 g]kfn klg ;dod} uDeL/ eO{ ck/fwL
cfpg] ko{5s lgs} 36]sf] lhNnf kQf nufO{ sf/jfxL ug]{tk{m nfUg'
k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . cem};Dd kg]{ 8+uf]nn] atfP .
k|x/L tyf pgsf kl/
k|x/Ln] 36gfsf] lj:t[t ljj/0f
;fj{hlgs ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g . jf/n] vf]hL ug]{ qmddf :yfgLon]

x]dgfy vltj8f

lbPsf]
;'rgfsf]
cfwf/df
x]lnsf]K6/n] vf]hL sfo{ ubf{
nf; e]l6Psf] lyof] . nfzsf]
jfFof xft e]l6Psf] lyPg eg] 3fF6L
/ 6fpsf] 5'6Psf] cj:yfdf /x]sf]
5 . xTofsf] cz+sf eP klg 36gf
af/] cg';Gwfg e}/x]sf] hgfPklg
clxn];Dd 36gfdf ;+nUg bf]ifL
kQf nufpg tyf tYo ;fj{hlgs
;d]t gx'Fbf ko{6g Jofj;foL
lrlGtt ag]sf 5g\ . o:tf 36gf /
ljleGg sf/0fn] oxfF cfpg] 36\b}
uPsf] 5 . …ljb]zLnfO{ o;jif{ bz}
nfUbf;Dd ljb]zLsf] w'Gr]df d'v
b]Vg} ufx|f] ef] xf]6n n]h]08sf
lgzfg uFh'/]nn] eg] Ú

36gfsf]
5fglagsf
nfuL lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no /;'jfn]
k|x/L lgl/Ifs eQmaxfb'/ ;'g'jf/
sf] g]t[Tjsf] ^ ;b:oLo cg';Gwfg
6f]nL kl/rfng ePsf] lyof] .
6f]nLn] 36gf :ynaf6 d[ts
ko{6ssf] Jofu, / kf;kf]6]{ e]6]sf]
hgfPsf] 5 . To:t}ul/ afudtL
c~rn k|x/L dxfzfvf sfof{non]
36gfsf] ;TotYo kQf nufpgsf

nfuL k|x/L gfoj pk/LIfs /]jtL
9sfnsf] g]t[Tjdf # ;b:oLo
5fglag ;ldtL kl/rfng ePsf]
hfgfP klg xfn;Dd s'g} tYo
;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5}g . lhNnf
k|x/L sfof{no /;'jf / ck/fw
dxfzfvf sf7df08f}, / c~rn
k|x/L sfof{non] ;+o'Qm ?kdf
5fglag u/] klg rf/dlxgf laTbf
klg o;af/] s'g} hfgsf/L aflx/
gcfpg'n] l;Ëf] ko{6g If]qdf gs/
fTds c;/ k/]sf] ko{6g Jofj;foL
atfp5g\ . k|x/Ln] d[ts ljb]zL
ko{6ssf] xTof ePsf] x'g ;Sg]
cg'dfg u/]sf] 5 . d[tssf] ;fyaf6
s]xL klg gx/fpg' / 6fpsf] 5'6]sf]
ca:yf ePsfn] k|f/DeLs cg'dfg
k]z]j/ ckf/wLn] u/]sf] x'g ;Sg]
cg'dfg k|x/Lsf] 5 . Ps ;ftf
cl3b]lv k|x/Ln] cg';Gwfg yfn]sf]
atfP klg xfn;Dd s] sf/0fn]
lab]zL gfu/Ls d]Eo'sf] d[To' ePsf]
eGg] af/] xfn;Dd ;To tYo kQf
g;s]sf] k|x/L lg/LIfs eQmaxfb'/
;'g'jf/n] atfpg'eof] .

k|x/Ln] 36gf:yndf

5fglag u/]nut} d[tssf] n]l8h
Jofuaf6 ;ft xhf/ tLg ;o
;Q/L ?kofF km]nf kf/]sf] k|x/L
sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . d[tsn]
lxdfnog a}ssf] 7d]naf6 bz
xhf/ lgsfn]sf] b]lvof], pgn] cGo
tLg xhf/ af6f]df vr{ u/]sL x'g
;Sg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . d[tssf]
;fyaf6 s'g} klg ;fwg gx/fPsf]
x'bfF pgsf] d[To' xfn;Dd /xiodo
ag]sf] 5 . ko{6ssf] d[t e]l6Pkl5
clxn] nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~hsf]
r]s KjfO{G6df lab]zLsf nfuL kmd{
eg'{kg]{ Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . ;fy}
xf]6ndf cfpg] hf] s;}sf] klg
gfd btf{ u/fP/ xf]6ndf /fVg]
k|aGw ;d]t ldnfO{Psf] 5 . 36gf
af/] yk cg';Gwfg e}/x]sf] /
tTsfn 36gfsf] af/]df a'‰g] /
tYo ;fj{hlgs ug]{ k|x/L gfoj
pk/LIfs ;'bk lu/Ln] atfP .

xfn;Dd oxfFaf6 tLg
hgf :jb]zL tyf tLg ljb]zL ko{6s
x/fO{/x]sf] lhNNff 5g eg] Ps
ljb]zLsf] nf; e]l6Psf] k|x/L
sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 .

xflb{s ;dj]bgf
efsf e"n bof Ifdf / ddtf ;~tf]if dfGb}g Tof]
O{Gb|} lalGt u?g\ em's]/ kbdf of] lalGt dfGb}g Tof]
/fhf/ª\s ;a} ;dfg p;sf j}ifDo x]b}{g Tof]
cfof] 6Kk l6kL nUof] ldlt k'Uof] 6f/]/ 6b}{g Tof] ..

hGd M $ ;fpg @)!*

d[To' M @* c;f]h @)^(

a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf Oh/fondf c;dflos lgwg
ePsf xfd|f clt ldng;f/ cfkmGt gldgfy clwsf/L lgwgn]
xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . zf]ssf] o; 38Ldf d[tfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf]
sfdgf ub}{ !# cf}+ lbgsf] k'0o ltyLdf xflb{s ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f}+ .
;Dk"0f{ cfkmGthg tyf kl/jf/ k|lt w}o{ wf/0f ug]{ zlQm
ldnf];\ egL OZj/;Fu k|fy{gf ub{5f}+ .

;fyLM
;fnLM
ho/fd 3n] ;'lznf Gof}kfg]
ef]n]{–$, vfNr]t, /;'jf w}a'Ë–%, /;'jf
xfn M Oh/fon xfn M Oh/fon

@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fKtflxs

lr/fOtf]sf] ;+/If0f x'g ;s]
cy{tGqdf of]ubfg k'Ug]

pRr kxf8L tyf lxdfnL
e]udf kfOg] ax'pkof]uL jg:klt lr/
fOtf]sf] ;+/If0fdf 7"nf] r'gf}tL b]vf
k/]sf] 5 .

k/fk"j{sfnb]lv k|of]udf
cfPsf h8La'6LdWo] lr/fOtf] Ps
dxTjk"0f{ Pjd\ k|d'v h8La'6L
xf] . g]kfndf dfq geO{ blIf0f tyf
dWo Pl;ofnL d'n'sx¿df ;d]t
k|rlnt ljleGg k/Dk/fut lrlsT;f
k4ltdf k/fk"j{sfnb]lv lr/fOtf]sf]
k|of]u x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . lr/fOtf]sf]
k|of]u cf}nf], ;'lGgg], hng, bd,
vf]sL, a|f]ª\sfOl6;, chL0f{ -ckr_
, emf8fkvfnf, 5fnfsf] vl6/f,
afy, lkQ, Hj/f], c¿lr h:tf /f]usf]
pkrf/df x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .ax'd"No
h8La'6L tyf u}/sfi7 jg k}bfjf/sf
¿kdf nlntk'/sf jgdf ;d]t kfOg]
lr/fOtf]af/] :yfgLojf;Ldf hfgsf/
Lsf] cefjsf sf/0f klg ;+/If0f x'g
g;s]sf] lhNnf jg sfof{nosf] egfO
5.

hª\unL
lr/fOtf]sf]
;ª\sng la?jf kl/kSj x'g]
cj:yfeGbf cufl8b]lv g} ul/G5 .
;ª\sng ubf{ lr/fOtf]sf] ;Dk"0f{ af]6
g} pv]lnG5 . hyfefjL ;ª\sng /
hg3gTjsf sf/0f hª\unIf]qdf
aLpaf6 x'g] k'gM pTkfbg cj?4
x'g uO{ k|fs[lts¿kdf g} o;sf]
;ª\Vofdf sdL cfPsf] 5 . ;d'b|L
;txaf6 Ps xhf/ %)) b]lv tLg
xhf/ %)) ld6/;Ddsf] prfOdf
cfb|tf a9L ePsf v'nf tyf cf]l;nf]
If]q, hª\un tyf cfjfbL If]qsf]
5]p5fplt/ lr/fOtf] kfOg] u5{ .
g]kfndf lr/fOtf] nlntk'/sf ;fy}
tfKn]h'ª, ;ª\v'jf;ef, ef]hk'/,
t]x|y'd, Onfd, kfFry/, cf]vn9'ª\
uf, ;f]n'v'Da', bf]nvf, /fd]5fk,
sfe|]knf~rf]s,
l;Gw'kfNrf]s,
g'jfsf]6, DofUbLnufotsf lhNnfdf
kfOG5 .

; f w f / 0 f t o f
lr/fOtf] b'O{jifL{o jg:klt dflgG5,
t/ tfKn]h'ªdf ul/Psf] Ps
cWoogcg';f/ o;sf] cjlw cf7
jif{eGbf a9L x'G5 . lr/fOtf]sf]
af]6 aLpaf6 pd|]kl5sf] klxnf] s]xL
jif{ …e]lh6]l6eÚ cj:yfdf /lx/xG5
cyf{t\ o;n] hldgdf g} 6fFl;g]

c~hnL /Dt]n
u/L u'h'd'Hh k/]sf] em'Kkfdf kft dfq
pTkfbg u5{ . tLg jif{ jf ;f]eGbf
a9L ;dokl5 dfq la?jfaf6
Pp6f l;wf sf08 lg:sG5 h:
df km"nx¿ km'N5g\ . lr/fOtf]df
aLpaf6 dfq k'gM pTkfbg x'G5 .
k|To]s jif{ lxpFbdf hldgdflysf
efux¿ -kft, km"n_ d5{g\ . t/
hldgd'lgsf efux¿ lgliqmo cj:
yfdf hLljt} /xG5g\ . u|Lid Ct'sf]
cfudg;Fu} sf08sf] zLif{:ydf /
x]sf sf]lzsfx¿sf] pT;u{af6 gofF
kfn'jf knfpF5 . c;f/b]lv ebf}
dlxgf;Dd km"n km'Ng] lr/fOtf]
c;f]h–sflQs dlxgfdf l6Kg of]Uo
x'G5 .

t/ Jofkf/Lx¿ eg]
c;f/–;fpglt/ g} lr/fOtf]
;ª\sngtk{m nfU5g\ h;sf sf/0f
lr/fOtf]sf] j+zf0f'ut ljljwtfdf klg
x|f; cfPsf] g]kfn s[lif cg';Gwfg
kl/ifb\sf jl/i7 j}1flgs 8f 6ª\s
af/fsf]6L atfpg'x'G5 . lr/fOtf]
b'O{jif]{b]lv ax'jif]{ k|s[ltsf] jg:
klt xf] . aLpaf6 x's]{sf] la?jfdf
;fdfGotof #–$ jif{df km"n km'Ng]
ePsfn] ;f]xL ;dodf dfq o;sf]
;ª\sng ul/g'k5{ . lr/fOtf] ;ª\
sng ubf{ jgnfO{ ljleGg v08df
ljefhg u/L 3'DtL k|0ffnLcg';f/
km/s–km/s jif{df km/s–km/s
v08af6 ;ª\sng ul/g'k5{ .
t/ g]kfndf clxn];Dd o; ljifo
df Wofg k'u]sf] 5}g . j}1flgs 8f
af/fsf]6L eGg'x'G5, …;f]em} 3fddf
;'sfPsf] lr/fOtf]eGbf 5fofFdf
;'sfOPsf] lrofOtf] a9L nfebfos
x'g] ePsfn] lr/fOtf]nfO{ ahf/df
Nofpgsf nflu w]/} ;do nfU5 .
To;}n] ;docufj} l6k]/ laqmL ljt/
0f ug]{ sfo{ oxfF tLj|¿kdf eO/x]sf]
5 .Ú

jg ljgf; / vf]l/of
km8fgLsf sf/0f klg lr/fOtf] ;+/
If0fdf yk ;ª\s6 pTkGg ePsf]
pxfFsf] wf/0ff 5 . g]kfndf lr/
fOtf]nfO{ clt ;+j]bgzLn k|hfltsf
¿kdf ;"rLs[t ul/Psf] 5 .
o:t} g]kfn ;/sf/n] cg';Gwfg
tyf Joj:yfkg / cfly{s ljsf;sf

nflu clt dxTjk"0f{ jg:kltx¿sf]
;"rLdf ;d]t /fv]sf] 5 .

g]kfnsf sl/a %)
lhNnfdf lr/fOtf]sf] v]tL ug]{ ul/
Psf] eP klg pko'Qm v]tL–k|ljlwsf
af/]df kof{Kt cg';Gwfg gePsf]
x'Fbf o;sf] pTkfbg / ljsf;df
;f]r]h:tf] k|ult xfl;n ug{ ;lsPsf]
5}g . k"jL{ kxf8L e]udf lr/fOtf]sf]
pGgt k|ljlw tyf s]s:tf :yfgdf
o;sf] pTkfbg ug{ ;lsG5 eg]/
cg';Gwfg eO;s]sf] eP klg cGo
:yfgdf eg] cg';Gwfg x'g g;s]sf]
pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . g]kfnaf6 lgsf;L
eO{ ;a}eGbf a9L /fh:j cfDbfgL
x'g] h8La'6Ldf lr/fOtf] klg kg]{ u5{
. jg ljefusf] Ps tYofª\scg';f/
cfly{s jif{ @)^!÷^@, @)^@÷^#,
@)^#÷^$ df lr/fOtf] ;ª\sng
cg'dltaf6 qmdzM ? tLg nfv &%
xhf/ ^(#, ? kfFr nfv @& xhf/
*() / ? Ps nfv ## xhf/ ^$)
/fh:j ;ª\sng ePsf] lyof] .

g]kfnaf6
lgof{t
ul/Psf] lr/fOtf] ef/t x'Fb} O6fnL,
l;ª\ufk'/, ckmuflg:tfgnufotsf
d'n'sdf k'Ug] u5{ . /fli6«o tyf
cGt/f{li6«o ahf/df lr/fOtf]sf] dfu
cTolws /x]sf] 5 . Jofks ld;fj6
/ slnnf] cj:yfdf ul/g] ;ª\
sngsf sf/0f ljutsf jif{x¿df
lr/fOtf]sf] d"Nodf cTolws x|f;
cfPsf] b]lvG5 . @)%* ;fndf
k|lts]hL ? $)) b]lv %)) ;Dd
kg]{ lr/fOtf] cfj @)^#–^$ ;Dd
cfOk'Ubf k|lts]hL ? &) b]lv ?
!#) df laqmL x'g] u/]sf] 5 . xfnsf]
ahf/efpcg';f/ sDtLdf k|lts]hL
? %)) df lr/fOtf] laqmL x'g] u/]sf]
5 . o;/L Jofkf/df ljZjf; cfh{g
ug{ g;Sbf Ifdtf eP/ klg lr/
fOtf]sf] pTkfbg / lgof{t ug{ ;lsPsf]
5}g .

lr/fOtf]sf] ljt/0f tyf
Joj:yfkg, ;f]sf] lbuf] ;ª\sng
tyf Joj:yfkg, 3/]n's/0f / v]tL,
ahf/Ls/0f Pjd\ ;+/If0fdf Wofg
k'¥ofpg;s] :yfgLo:t/df dfq
geO /fli6«o cy{tGqdf g} 6]jf k'Ug]
7"nf] ;Defjgf b]lvG5 .

s] tkfOF xf]6n, nh, xf]d:6] jf l/;f]6{ rnfpFb} x'g'x'G5 <
s] tkfOFsf] Joj;fonfO{ ljZjel/af6 cgnfO{g a'lsª u?g\ eGg]
rfxg'x'G5 eg]

%

sfJo sf];]nL

uhn
sltkm'n em/L;s] kmNg gkfpb}
d/]5 hLjg Tof] rNg gkfpb}
cfwf /ftdf p7Lx]5'{ cem} 5 ls afFsL
l/lQP5 ;a} yf]s 9Ng gkfpb}
cw'/f] 5 hLjg ofqf 6'x'/f] 5 st}
n8]5 nf; oxfF uNg gkfpb}
log} lyP zAb d]/f] afFRg] cfwf/x?
v/fgL ef] ;kgf ;a} hNg gkfpFb}
ToxL klg x]g{ vf]H5 a'emfpb} lrQ
p8fO{ nUof] xfjfn] Tof] aNg gkfpb}

O{Zj/ Gof}jfg] …o'j/fhÚ

w}a'Ë –% /;'jf

ckx/0fsf] lj?4 rSsfhfd

g'jfsf]6sf] If]q g+=# df /x]sf] b]p/fnL uflj; 3/ ePsf
g]skf Pdfn]sf b'O{ hgf ;lqmo g]tfx?nfO{ s'6lk6 ul/ ckx/0f u/]sf]
lj/f]wdf o'jf ;++3n] g'jfsf]6df z'qmjf/ rSsfhfd u/]sf] 5 . s'6lk6 /
ckx/0fsf] 36gfdf ;+nUg ePsfnfO{ kqmfp ul/ k|x/L k|zf;gn] sf/
jflx gu/]sf] lj/f]wdf o'jf ;+3n] kf;fªNxfd' dfu{sf] lqz"nL–sf7df8f}
;8sdfu{sf] jLr ljb'/df rSsfhfd u/]sf x'g\ .

o'jf ;+3n] gjul7t j}B g]t[Tjsf] g]skf–dfcf]jfbL g'jfsf]6sf
;b:o;lxt gf} hgf lj?4 sf/jfxLsf] dfu ub}{ k|x/Ldf ph'/L
lbbf;d]t sf/jflx gePsf] lj/f]wdf ;b/d'sfd ljb'/df b'O{ 306f
rSsfhfd u/]sf x'g\ . ;b/d'sfd ljb'/b]lv @% lsnf]ld6/ klZrddf
/x]sf] b]p/fnL uflj; j8f g+= % lrp/Le~ofªjf6 g]skf Pdfn] tLg g+=
If]lqo sldl6 ;b:o @@ jlif{o u0f]z tfdfª / g]skf Pdfn] b]p/fnL
ufp+ sldl6 cWoIf @% jifL{o wgd tfdfªnfO{ ;f]daf/ ufpFd} s'6lk6
u/L ckx/0f u/]sf] lj/f]wdf ;+3n] bjfj:j?k rSsfhfd u/]sf] o'jf
;+3 g'jfsf]6sf ;lrj kz'klt yfkfn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

jglqz"cltqmd0f
/f]
S
g]
cleofg
nL / ef]6]sf]zL If]qsf] ag If]q cltqmd0f ug]{ sfo{ tLj|

ePsf]n] lhNnf ag sfof{no /;'jfn] lgu/fgL sfo{nfO{ tLj|tf lbPsf]
5 . lhNnf ag clws[t /fwfs[i0f bf;sf cg';f/ 7'nf]ufp, 8f8fufp,
xfs', y'dg, lrlnd], uf]Nh'ª / uTnfª uflj; sfof{nosf] If]qflwsf/
leq cgflws[t ?kdf ag cltqmd0f a9]sf] 5 .

ag cltqmd0f /f]Sg ;fd'bflos ag pkef]Qmf ;ldltx?n]
lhDd]jf/L k"j{s sfo{ gu/]sf] eGg] hgu'gf;f a9\b} uPsf]n] ;j}
agsf] cg'udg ul/ bf]ifL pk/ ag P]g cg';f/ sf/jfxL k|s[of cl3
a9fpg nfluPsf] xf] . ag lgb]{lzsf adf]lhd k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Lsf]
;+of]hsTjdf lhNnf ag cltqmd0f lgoGq0f tyf Joj:yfkg ;ldlt
u7g ul/ cltqmd0f ag If]qsf] cg'udg ;'? ul/Psf] lhNnf ag
clws[t bf;n] atfpg'eof] .

lhNnf ag sfof{no /;'jf cGt{utsf] O{nfsf If]qdf slt ag
cltqmd0f ePsf] eGg] jf/] lj:t[t tYofÍ tof/ ul/ bf]ifLnfO{ sfg'gL
bfo/fdf nlug] atfOPsf] 5 .

;'j0f{ cj;/

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cfGtl/s Joj:yfkg k4lt
g]kfnxf]6n ?D;\ 86 sd

g]kfn xf]6n ?D; 86 sdaf6 tkfOF s] kfpg'x'G5<
– ;Dk"0f{ a'lsª Joj:yfkg cfˆg} lgoGq0fdf ug{
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– l;:6d ;~rfngsf] nflu lgMz'Ns tflnd
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– pknAwtfcg';f/ jf cfjZostfcg';f/ 5'6 pknAw u/fpg
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– cl;ldtAffiliated j]e;fO8x¿af6 Joj;fosf] k|j4{g ug{

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@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fKtflxs

w'Gr], lhNnf kz' ;]jf
sfof{no /;jfn] pQ/L If]qsf]
uTnfªsf e]8f kfns s[ifsx¿sf]
nflu e]8fsf y'df ljt/0f u/]sf]
5.

g'jfsf]6 lhNnfsf] k"jL{
If]qsf] kfg;ovf]nf e]8f kmfd{af6
v/Lb ul/ NofO{ uTnfªsf ##
hgf s[ifsx¿nfO{ ljt/0f ul/Psf]
lhNnf kz' ;]jf sfof{no /;'jfsf]
sfof{no k|d'v 8f= hutaxfb'/
l;+v8fn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

e]8fsf y'df ljt/0f

uTnfª
uflj;sf]
v'k{' eGHofª e]8f ;xsf/L
;+:yfdfkm{t ;f] e]8fx¿ ljt/0f
ul/Psf] 5 .

uTnfª
uflj;sf
lxdfnL If]qdf ## hgf
s[ifsx¿;+u ePsf sl/j #! ;o
e]8Lx¿sf] nflu pGgt hftsf]
Jof8sf] e]8fx¿ vl/b ul/ ;f]
:yfgsf s[ifsx¿sf] e]8fkfng

Joj;fodf yk ;xof]u k'¥ofpgsf]
nflu e]8f ljt/0f ul/Psf] lhNnf
kz';]jf sfo{fnon] /;jfn]
hgfPsf] 5 .

lhNnf kz' ;]jf sfof{no
/;jfsf] jflif{s sfo{qmd cGt{ut
klxnf] rf}dfl;s sfo{qmd cGt{ut
e]8f kfns s[ifsx¿sf] nflu
Joj;foLs e]8f kfng tflnd
k|bfg ul/ pQm s[ifsx¿sf] nflu
e]8f ljt/0f ul/Psf] sfof{no
k|d'v 8f= l;+v8fn] atfP .

xflb{s ;dj]bgf
efsf e"n bof Ifdf / ddtf ;~tf]if dfGb}g Tof]
O{Gb|} lalGt u?g\ em's]/ kbdf of] lalGt dfGb}g Tof]
/fhf/ª\s ;a} ;dfg p;sf j}ifDo x]b}{g Tof]
cfof] 6Kk l6kL nUof] ldlt k'Uof] 6f/]/ 6b}{g Tof] ..

hGd M $ ;fpg @)!*

d[To' M @* c;f]h @)^(

xfd|f ;'k'q gldgfy clwsf/Lsf] a}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf O{h/fondf c;dflos
lgwgsf] va/n] xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . zf]ssf] o; 38Ldf d[tfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ !#
cf}+ lbgsf] k'0o ltyLdf xflb{s ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f}+ . zf]sfs'n o; 38Ldf xfdLk|lt ;xfg'e'lt Pjd\
;dj]bgf k|s6 ug]{ cfkmGt tyf ;'elrGts k|lt xflb{s s[t1tf AoQm ub{5f}+ .
cfdf
M /dfb]jL clwsf/L
>LdtL
M ;Ltf clwsf/L
5f]/f
M laqmd clwsf/L
5f]/L
M lagf clwsf/L
bfh'÷efph' Muf]ljGb clwsf/L, /flwsf clwsf/L

efph'

bfh'÷efph'
bfh'

efO{ a'xf/L
efO{ ÷a'xf/L

^

M k'tnL clwsf/L
M 7fs'/ ,b]jsL
M /fDhL
M lza/fd, ;Ltf
M sdnLsfGt ;fljqL

elthfx¿M uf]kfn, /fh', sfhL , ;~ho,/fds[i0f, /fdrGb| , /f]lxt,eLd;]g , /d]z ,
nId0f, afa',>Ls[i0f,lagf]b / lalkg
elthLx¿M e}/jL, sflnsf, O{Zj/L, ;fljqL, u+uf, ;/:jtL, /Iff
efGhLM tf/f vltj8f

tyf

;Dk'0f{ clwsf/L kl/jf/

@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fKtflxs

;fªh]g vs{ ljjfb ;dfwfg vf]hL

$^ dL6/ /x]sf] 5 . lhNnf
cbfntsf] Ps 6f]nL ;lxt
;fªh]g vs{sf] :ynut cg'udg
u/]kl5 ToxfF s'g} v]tL of]Uo hldg
g/x]sf]n] uTnfªjf;Lx¿ :ynut
cg'udgsf] qmddf vs{df xflh/
gePsf]n] uflj;jf;Lsf] lrlnd]sf]
dfu k'/f x'g] cfzf u/]sf] uflj;
;xfos 5]jfª tfdfªn] atfP .

k'/fgf] ;fj{hlgs vs{
;j}n] pkef]u ug{ kfpg' kg]{ /
s;}sf] gfddf btf{ eP cGofo
x'g] lrlnd]jf;Lsf] dfu /x]s]f
lrlnd]
uflj; atfPsf 5g\ .

cg;udgsf] l/kf]{6 k'g/fj]bg
cbfntdf k]z ul/g] lhNnf

w'Gr],
jiff{}+b]lvsf] uTnfª, uf]Nh'ª uflj;jf;Ln]
cbfntn] hgfPsf] 5 . vs{df
ljjfbdf k/]sf] lrlnd] uflj;sf] ;d]t ldn]/ pkef]u ub}{ ;bfjxf/ h:t} lx+p kg]{ ePsf]n]
;fªh]g vs{sf] :yfgLon] cfPsf] k'/fgf] vs{df r/L r/gsf] ToxfF s'g} v]tLug]{ ;Defjgf
?kdf pkef]u ;j}n] ug{ kfpg' gePsf] :yfgLo uf]Daf]l5l/ª
:ynut cjnf]sg u/] .

uTnfª / lrlnd] kg]{ lrlnd] uflj;–% tftf]kfgLsf tfdfªn] atfP . …;fj{hlgs
uflj;jf;Lsf] ljjfbsf sf/0f gf]r]{n tfdfªn] atfP . of] sf]xL ;DkQL v]tL of]Uo hldg eg]/
k'g/fj]bg cbfntdf d'2f k/]sf] klg AolQmsf] gfddf x'g ;Qm}g u}/sfg'gL ?kdf btf{u/fPsf
lyof] . )%@ ;fnb]lvsf] ljjfb ;fj{hlgs ;DkQL xf] To;/L g} /
cGTosf] nflu lhNnf cbfnt
;lxtsf] 6f]nLn] :ynut e|d0f
u/]sf] 5 . :yfgLojf;L lhNnf
cbfntsf txl;nbf/ 5ljGb|/fh
sfˆn], kqsf/ , k|x/L ;lxtsf]
6f]nLn] :ynut e|d0f u/]sf x'g\
. uTnfª uflj;;sf #$ hgfn]
u}/sfg'gL ?kdf :ofpjf/L, cfn'
af/L, kmfk/ / s? v]tL ul//
x]s]f eGb} dfnkf]tdf hUuf btf{
u/fPsf] lj?4 lrlnd]jf;Ln] d'2f
bfo/ u/]sf lyP . s'g} v]tLof]Uo
hldg gePsf] / e]8f / rf}/Lsf] xg' kg{ . vs{ lrlnd] uflj; j8f /x]5g\ To;sf] vf/]hL x'g'
r/g If]q dfq ePsf] :ynut g+ $ df k5{ . lrlnd] uflj;sf] jf8{ k5{ . Ú :yfgLo /fdazfb'/ tfdfªn]
e|d0faf6 kms]{/ uTnfª uflj; g+= $ df kg{] of] vs{ hfgsf] nflu eg] . oBlk uTnfªjf;Lx¿n]
;lrj dl0f/fh kf}8]nn] eg] of] lrlnd] yfDj'r]tjf6 tftf]kfgLx'b} eg] cfˆgf] c8fg 5f8]sf 5}gg\
;fj{hlgs kfvf] g} xf] . k/Dk/ Ps lbg k}bnofqf u/]/ k'Ug . pgLx¿n] vs{ uTnfªjf;Lsf]
fb]lv g'jfsf]6 wflbª / /;'jfsf] ;lsG5 . oxfFsf] prfO{ $ xhf/ ePsf] bfjL u/]sf 5g\ .

/QmrGbg====

/QmrGbg a/fdb u/]sf] lyof] .

lgs'~hsf] af6f]x'Fb]
rLg tkm{ nfg nfluPsf] pQm /Qm
rGbg
/fDr]sf]
d'nvs{
klx/f] If]qdf a]jfl/;] cj:yfdf
lgs'~hn] a/fdb u/]sf] nfª6fª
/fli6«o lgs'~h sfof{nosf k|d'v
;+/If0f clws[t a]bs'df/ 9sfnn]
atfpFg'eof] . t]n af]Sg] 6\ofª\s/df
NofOPsf] ;f] /QmrGbg d'nvs{sf]
klx/f]df 6\ofªs/ a]afl/;] 5f]8]/
efu]kl5 klx/f]df klN6Psf] 6\ofª\
s/df /QmrGbg ePsf] yfxf kfO{
:yfgLojfl;n] ;f] ;"rgf lgs'~hnfO{
lbPkl5 /QmrGbg a/fdb ul/Psf]
lgs'~hsf k|d'v ;+/If0f clws[t
9sfnn] atfpFg'eof] . lgs'~hn]
@%&%=&$ s]hL a/fa/sf] /Qm
rGbgsf] !)! yfg sf7 a/fdb
u/]sf] xf] .

To;}u/L
lhNnf
jg
sfof{nodf
/x]sf]
/QmrGbg @(!=%$ So'ljs lkm6
/QmrGbg /x]sf] 5 . ;f] /QmrGbg
pQ/L /;'jfsf] uf]Nh'Ëdf uflj;
& af6 a/fdb ePsf] lhNnf jg
sfof{nosf k|d'v /fwfs[i0f bf;n]
atfpFg'eof] . a/fdb ul/Psf]]

/QmrGbg lgs'~hsf] Ps :6f]/
sf]7fdf / lhNnf jg sfof{nosf]
sd{rf/L ejgdf ylGsP/ a;]sf]
5 . lgs'~h sfof{nodf /x]sf]
/QmrGbgsf] ;'/Iff lgs'~hsf u]d
:sfp6 / g]kfnL ;]gfsf] ;'/Iff
df /x]sf] 5 eg] jg sfof{nodf /
x]sf] /QmrGbg % hgf k|x/Lx¿n]
;'/Iffdf /fvLPsf] 5 . a/fdb
ul/Psf] /QmrGbgsf] ;'/Iffsf]
nflu jg sfof{nodf )^$ ;fnb]vL
% hgf k|x/L vl6g' k/]sf] 5 .

lgs'~hsf k|d'v ;+/If0f
clw[st a]bs'df/ 9sfnsf cg';f/
…/fli6«o lgs'~h tyf jGohGt' ;+/
If0f P]g @)@( cg';f/ /QmrGbg
a/fdb kl5 s] ug{] eGg] ;Ddsf]
:ki6 sfg"g gePsfn] a/fdb
ePsf] /QmrGbg To;} ylGsPsf]
xf] .Ú tTsfnLg lhNnf jg sfof{no
/;'jfsf l8Pkmcf] lai0f'sfGt ld>n]
-;fO{l6;_ sf] efjgf lakl/t kl/
kqdfkm{t ;f] /QmrGbg lnnfdL
k|lqmof cuf8L a9fpFbf laafbdf
tflgPsf lyP .

t];|f]
d'n'saf6
cfofltt ;f] /QmrGbgsf] sf7 ;f]xL
d'n'snfO{ g} lkmtf{ ug'{ kg]{ k|fjwfg
eP klg /;'jfdf /x]sf] nfª6fª

/fli6«o lgs'~h d'Vofno / lhNnf
jg sfof{non] eg] clxn];Dd s]xL
ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g .

…;fO{l6; dfxf;GwLdf
b'n{e aGohGt' tyf jg:klt
cf];f/k;f/ ug'{ eg]sf] u}/sfg'g
xf] elgPsf 5 . h; cg';f/
pQm k|ltjlGwt jg:ktL tyf
aGohGt' cf];f/k|;f/ ug{] la¿4 s8f
sf/jfxLsf] Joj:yf ul/g] pNn]v
5 . g]kfn klg ;fO{l6;sf] kIfw/
/fi6 ePsf]n] /QmrGbg cf];f/
k|;f/df s8fO{ ePsf] xf] .Ú h;nfO{
;fO{l6; dfxf;GwLn] ca}w / u}/
sfg'gL dfg]sf] 5 . ;/sf/;Fu
/QmrGbg lkmtf{ ug'{sf nfuL 7f];
lgtL gx'bfF /QmrGbg lgs'~h
tyf jg sfof{no s'lxg] cj:yfdf
k'u]sf] 5 . …jg P]gdf a/fdb
rGbgsf] ljifodf s] ug{] eGg] s'g}
Joj:yf geP klg ;fO{l6;df eg]
/QmrGbg h'g d'n'saf6 NofO{Psf]
xf] pxL d'n'sdf lkmtf{ ug'{ kg]{ Joj:
yf 5 jf ;f] j:t'nfO{ gi6 ug]{
pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .Ú t/ ;/sf/
n] rGbgsf ljifodf :k:6 wf/0ff
Nofpg g;Sbf /QmrGbg s'lxg
yfn]sf] lhNnf jg sfof{nosf k|d'v
/fwfs[i0f bf; atfpF5g\ .

&

;+lIfKt ;dfrf/

PDa'n]G; b'3{6gf

w'Gr], lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no /;'jfsf] PDa'n]G;
b'3{6gfdf k/]sf] 5 . ljxLaf/ ;femF /;'jfsf] sflnsf:yfg eGbf
d'gL :jfF/fdf b'3{6gfdf k/]sf] xf] . lj/fdL k'¥ofP/ ks{b} u/]sf]
PDa'n]G; ;femFsf] ;dodf b'3{6gdf k/]sf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no
/;'jfn] hgfPsf] 5 . lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no /;'jfsf] jf ! em
*#^$ g+j/sf] PDa'n]G; b'3{6gf ePsf] 5 .

PDa'n]G; lj/fdL c:ktfn k'¥ofP/ kms{b} ubf{ b'3{6gf
ePsf]n] ;f] PDa'n]G;df rfns dfq /x]sf]n] rfns ga/fh cfrfo{
;fdfGo 3fOt] ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . PDa'n]G; ljxLaf/ /ftL sl/j
( ah]lt/ sflnsf:yfg ahf/ eGbf d'gL :jfF/f ufpFdf b'3{6gfdf
k/]sf] xf] . b'3{6gfaf6 PDa'n]G;sf] cuf8Lsf] l;;f km'6]sf] cGo
kf6k"hf{sf] ;d]t IftL ePsf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no /;jfn]
hgfPsf] 5 .

vl6Psf If]qdf e]lbb}gg\ sd{rf/L

w'Gr], gful/snfO{ cTofj:os ;]jf 3/b}nf]df k|jfx ug]{
p2]Zon] :yfgLo txdf /x]sf ;/sf/L lgsfodf sd{rf/L lgoldt
ga:gfn] ;d:of ePsf] 5 .

lhNnfsf] pQ/L lrlnd] uflj;df /x]sf] :jf:Yo rf}sL,
kz' tyf s[lif ;]jf s]Gb| / lhNnf jg sfof{nosf] /]~h kf]i6df nfdf]
;dob]lv sd{rf/L gx'Fbf ;]jf u|fxLdsf{df k/]sf 5g\ . kfFrhgf
:jf:YosdL{sf] b/jGbL /x]sf] lrlnd] uflj;sf] yfDa'r]t :jf:Yo
rf}sLdf clwsf+; ;do sd{rf/L ga:g] ;d:of /x]s]f :jf:Yorf}sL
;dGjo ;ldltsf ;b:o bfjfuf]Daf] tfdfªn] eg] Ps cgdLsf] e/
df rn]sf] 5 ;j} sd{rf/L gx'Fbf lbgx'F cfpg] la/fdL ;]jf lngaf6
al~rt ePsf 5g\ .

vl6Psf If]qdf sd{rf/L ge]l6kl5 gful/s cGof}ndf
k/]sf 5g\ . o;af6 cTofj:os ;]jf lngaf6 hgtf jl~rt ePsf
5f}+ . To;}ul/ lhNnf ja sfof{no dftxtsf] yfDa'r]t /]~h kf]i6,
kz' ;]jf s]Gb| / s[lif ;]jf s]Gb| sd{rf/L lalxg ePsf] :yfgLon]
u'gf;f] u/] .

of;f{sf @& 3/ cGwsf/df

w'Gr], g]kfn ljB't k|flws/0fn] ljB'ts/0f gu/] kl5
/;'jfsf] k'jL{ of;f{ uflj;sf @& 3/sf afl;Gbf cGwsf/do hLjg
latfpg afWo /x]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿ k6s k6s ljB't h8fgsf] nflu
k|flws/0f hfbfF klg cfˆgf] ;d:ofdf ;DalGwt lgsfon] rf;f]
glbPklg lrlGtt ag]sf 5g\ .

lhNnfsf] blIf0f k'jL{ ljs6 dflgg] uflj;sf] cGo If]qdf
ljB'ts/0f eof] of;f{ –^ yfªbf]/ ufpFdf klg n3' hn ljB't lgdf{0f
x'g nflukl5 of;f{ uflj; –% ;fªo'nsf @& 3/ dfq cGwsf/df
kg]{ lrGtf k/]sf] :yfgLojf;L atfpF5g\ . g xfdLnfO{ ;8s 5 , g
ljh'nL aQL g} 5, of;f{ uflj; –& nfªu'af6 ;8s klg cl3 a9]g
ljh'nL aQL klg k'u]g ;fª\o'nsf lgdf nf]Krgn] eg] xfd|f] cfjfh
s;}n] ;'g]g xfdL cGwsf/df k¥of}+ .

…ljh'nL aQL afNg k|oTg u/]sf] lgs} eO{;Sof] ;'g'jfO{
ePg pg]n eg] .Ú ;j} lt/ aQL aln;Sof] xfdL cem} cFWof/f]df
5f}+ . cj xfdL cfGbf]ng ug{] tof/Ldf 5f}+ :yfgLo g'k'{ tfdfªn]
eg] . lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] cBfjlws of]hgfdf ut jif{ g}
lhNnfsf ;j} uflj;df ljB'ts/0f ul/g] hgfP klg sfof{Gjog x'g
;s]sf] 5}g .
oxfFaf6 dn]l;of, ;fpbL c/j, stf/, b'jO{, cf]dg, jx/fO{g, s'j]t, n]jgfg,O{/fs, hfkfg, sf]l/of,
o"P;P, o"s], k|mfG;nufot ljZjsf ljleGg ljleGg d'n'saf6 tkfO{sf lk|ohgn] k7fPsf] /sd t'¿Gt
k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 .

k|f]= ;+hLj cdfTo

>L Uff];fFO{s'08 dlg 6«fG;km/

w'Gr] –% /;'jf, ;Dks{ kmf]g+= )!)%$)!!*,
)!)^*)((), (*$!&(*!@$, (*)#^^)!!!

;fKtflxs

lh=k|=sf=/;'jf=b=g+= !÷)^&÷^* =lh=x'=sf= /;'jf b=g+= )!÷)^&÷)^*

w'Gr] . tLg dlxgf
cl3b]vL
klx/f]sf]
sf/0f
cj¿4 ePsf] kf;fªNofd'
/fhdfu{
v'n]sf]
5
.
glhlsbf] j8fbz}+nfO{ dWogh/
ub]{ / /;'jfdf a9\b} uPsf]
vfBGg ;+s6nfO{ dWogh/ ub{}
tLg dlxgf eGbf nfdf] ;dob]b]lv
cj¿4 kf;fªNxfd' dfu{ klx/f]
kG5fP/ v'Nnf ul/Psf] xf] .

ut c;f/ !@ ut]b]vL
klx/fn] cj¿4 u/]sf]] lqz"nL–
sflnsf:yfg–w'Gr] ;8sv08sf]
/fDr] If]qsf] klx/f] jiff{t\
/f]lsPkl5 kG5fpg yflnPsf]df
ljlxjf/b]lv
;~rfngdf
cfPsf] 5 . lhNnfsf] /fDr],
u|fª, d'nvs{sf] klx/f] kG5fP/
;8s v'nfOPsf] lhNnf k|zf;g
sfof{no /;'jfn] hgfPsf] 5 .

b'O{ xKtf;Dd b}lgs
¿kdf :sfe]6/sf] / :yfgLo
sfdbf/sf] ;xfotfn] ;8ssf]
klx/f] kG5fOPsf] xf] . Pl;ofnL
ljsf; a}ssf] ;xof]udf ;8s
:t/f]GgtL ul//x]sf] sflnsf
sG6«S;gn] b'O{ ;ftfb]lv ;8s
v'nfpg ;'¿ u/]sf] lyof] .

xfn ;8s dfu{df ;fgf
tyf 7'nf df]6/ kf/ u/fpg] k|of;
eO/x]sf] /;'jfsf lgldQ k|d'v
lhNnf clwsf/L uf}td l/dfnn]
atfpgeof] . /fDr] / u|fªdf
;8s 6«ofs v'n]sf]n] pkef]Uo

;fdflu|x¿ cf];f/ k;f/ ug{
dfnafxs uf8Lx¿ nfOg nfOg
lhNnfdf dflyNnf] e]udf kf/
eO/x]sf] 5 . /;'jf lhNnfdf
ljut tLg dlxgfb]vL ;8s af6f]
cj¿4 x'Fbf lhNnfsf] ;b/
d'sfd nufot dflyNnf] If]qsf
!) uflj;df vfBGg ;+6s g}
k/]sf] 5 .

l h N n f d f
vfBGg ;+s6 k/]kl5 ;8s
af6f] v'nfpgsf] nflu :yfgLo
Jofkf/Lx¿n] lhNnf k|zf;g
sfof{no nufotdf lgsfox¿df
;8s af6f] v'nfpgsf] nflu
bjfj ;d]t lbPkl5 / rf}tkmL{
¿kdf af6f] v'nfpg kg{] cfjfh
p7\g
yfn]kl5
k|zf;gsf]
kxndf af6f] v'nfOPsf] :yfgLo
Jofkf/Lx¿ atfpF5g\ . klx/fn]
oftfoftf cj¿4 x'bf ut
c;f/ !@ ut]b]lv ;b/d'sfd
w'Gr];lxt !) uflj; ;Dks{
ljlxg ePsf lyP .

xfn klx/f] If]qdf 6«ofs
vf]nLPklg ;fgf tLgf uf8Lx¿ /
s]xL dfnafxs oftfoftsf ;fwfg
afx]s ;fj{hgLs j;x¿ eg]
cem} ;~rfngdf cfpg ;s]sf
5}gg\ .

6«ofs vf]nLPsf ;8s
If]q lxnfDd] ePsf] / oftfoft
;"rf¿ ug{ cK7\of/f] kg{] ePsfn]
atfOPsf] 5 .

g]kfn–rLg Jofkf/sf] nflu xfdLnfO{
;Demg'xf]; .

ho dftf sflnsf 6«]l8ª
sDkgL k|f= ln=
w'Gr], /;'jf

wd{ kf}8]n
k|f]kfO{6/
(*$!^%&(&)

z}n]z kf}8]n
;~rfns
(*$!()#$**,(&$!!(*&@)

*

h}ljs ljljwtf clen]v cled'vs/0f tflnd

/;'jfsf cfjZos 6]lnkmf]g gDa/x¿

lhNnf c:ktfn w'Gr]
)!)–%$)!**
k|fylds :jf:Yo s]Gb| lhjlhj] )!)–^&)#))
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt ,/;'jf )!)–%$)!$$,!$@,@%&,@^@
g]kfn /]8qm; ;f];fO6L
)!)–%$)!(%
sflnsf:yfg PDa'n]G;
(&%!))*%%&
lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no
)!)–%$)!((,@))
lhNnf sf/fuf/ zfvf
)!)–%$)@$(
lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no
)!)–%$)!#!,!#@, !##
sflnsf ;fd'bflos c:ktfn )!–^@!@@%&,((#!)@))(
/;'jf ;fd'bflos cfFvf s]Gb| )!)–^&))&)
g]kfn a}s lnld6]8 , w'Gr] )!)–%$)@&*, !)%
hgtf a}s g]kfn lnld6]8 , w'Gr] )!)–%$))@*
/]8qm; PDa'n]G;, w'Gr] df]= (*$(%^@()),)!)%$)!(%
sflnsf:yfg k|x/Lrf}sL
)!)–^*))!%
s[lif ljsf; a}+s, w'Gr]
)!)–%$)!^^
a]qfjtL k|x/L rf}sL
)!^–(@@%(!

tLg dlxgfb]lv cj¿4
kf;fªNxfd' dfu{ v'Nof]

@)^( ;fn c;f]h @) ut] zlgaf/

;fd'bflos
jgdf
ePsf] :yfgLo jg:kQL tyf
lhjhGt'x¿sf] clen]v /fVg]
p4]Zon] :ofpjf/L dWojtL{
pkef]Qmf ;fd'bflos jg ;d'xsf]
kbflwsf/Lx¿ / pkef]Qmfx¿nfO{
@ lbg] æ;xeflutfd'ns h}ljs
ljljwtf clen]lvs/0f tyf
cg'udg cled'vs/0f tflndÆ
;DkGg eof] .

nfª6fª
/fli6«o
lgs'~h tyf dWojtL{ If]q ;xof]u
cfof]hgfsf] ;xof]udf cfof]hgfsf]
lkmN8 P;f]l;o6 dgf]h e';fnn]
sfo{qmdsf] ;xlhs/0f u/]sf
lyP . !( hgf pkef]Qmfx¿
;xefuL /x]sf sfo{qmd c;f]h
!! / !@ ut] To;} ;fd'bflos
jg ;d'xsf] cWoIf hdfgl;+x
yf]qmfsf] cWoIftfdf ;~rfng
ul/Psf] lyof] . tflndsf] klxnf]
lbgdf cfˆgf] ;fd'bflos
jgdf s]–s:tf hLjhGt'x¿ /
jg:kQLx¿ 5g\ / To;sf] /]s8{
tyf l6kf]6 s;/L /fVg] eGg]
af/]df ;xhstf{n] hfgsf/L

lbg'ePsf] lyof], To;kl5 :ofp
af/L ;fd'bflos jg leq uP/
lkmN8 cEof;;Fu} cg'udg ul/
Psf] lyof] . o;} @ lbg] tflndsf]
lkmN8 cg'udgsf] qmddf To;
;fd'bflos jgdf ^$ hftsf
hl8a'6L tyf jg:kQLx¿ -;Nnf
# lsl;dsf], nf]SQf, v;'|, afFem,
plQ;, lr/fOtf], wl;ª\u|], laif
jg n;'g, P];]n' OTofbL,_ !!
lsl;dsf] :tgwf/L jGohGt'x¿
-aFb]n, /t'jf, dn;fk|f], lxdf
nog sfnf] efn' _ !^ hftsf r/f
-sf]OnL, rLn, sf7 kmf]/Lof,

tLqf_ # hftsf peorf/
jGohGt'x¿ kfOPsf] 5 eg]
To;sf] /]s8{ ;xeflux¿n] /
lhi6df ptf/]/ /fv]sf lyP .

tflnd
kZrft
pkef]Qmfx¿ v';LxF'b} cab]lv
cfˆgf]] ;fd'bflos jgdf dlxgfdf
# k6s jGohGt'x¿sf] cg'udg
u/L /]s8{ /fVg] / aif{df ! k6s
jg:kQLx¿sf] cj:yf s]–s:tf]
/x]sf] 5 eGg] /]s8{ kQf nufpg
sf] nflu o; lsl;dsf] cg'udg
ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] ;lrj ljqmd
nf]Krgn] atfP .

l;sfO{ cfbfgk|bfg ug{ e|d0f

w'Gr], kljq lxdfno e'–kl/lw sfo{qmd
cGt{ut nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~h tyf dWojtL{ If]q
;xof]u cfof]hgfn] ;~rfng u/]sf] sfo{qmdx¿sf]
cWoog cjnf]sg ug]{ tyf l;sfO{ cfbfgk|bfg ug]{
p4]Zon] kbflwsf/L e|d0f ;DkGg eof] .

t/fO{ e'–kl/lw sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgfdf
lrtjgsf] ^ j6f dWojtL{ If]q pkef]Qmf
;ldltaf6 ;ldltsf] cWoIfx¿ / sfof{no ;lrjx¿sf]
e|d0f ;DkGg ePsf] xf] . c;f]h !^ ut]blv @)
ut];Dd cfof]hgf ePsf] ;f] e|d0fdf !) hgfsf]
;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . e|d0fdf cfPsf
cltlyx¿nfO{ cfof]hgfsf] sfof{nodf :jfut u/L

:t/Lo kmf]6f] lvRg tyf tTsfn w'nfO{ ug{sf nflu
xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .

xfd|f ;]jfx¿M
/+lug, ;fbf kmf]6f] lvRg tyf ljleGg ;fOhdf w'nfpg
ch]{G6 kmf]6f] % ldg]6d} w'nfpg, cfp6 8f]/ Og8f]/ kmf]6f]u|fkmL, kmf]6f]
;];g, lel8of]u|fkmL, k'/fgf] kmf]6f]af6 gofF agfpg], ;fgf] kmf]6f]af6 7"nf]
agfP/ w'nfpg, dfp08 n]ldg];g ug{, l8lh6n tyf lel8of] Sofd]/f
ef8fdf rflxPdf xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .

;]jf xfd|f], ;Gt'li6 tkfO{sf]

;[hgf 8Llh6n kmf]6f] :6'l8of]
afnfh' jfOkf;
;Dks{ M k|f]= s]zj Gof}kfg] -(*$!**(#$&_

cfof]hgf k|aGws uf}td kf}8\ofn / ;xfos ;+/If0f
clws[t j'4/fh kf7sn] nfª6fª /fli6«o lgs'~hsf]
af/]df hfgsf/L ;fy} cfof]hgfn] ;~rfng u/]sf]
sfo{qmdsf] af/]df hfgsf/L tyf k|:t'ts/0f ug'{ePsf]
lyof] . jg, jGohGt', jg:kQL / h}ljs ljljwtf
sf] ;+/If0f ;fy} lhljsf]kfh{g, cfo cfh{gd'ns,
;+/If0f lzIff / hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'ng ultljlwx¿
;~rfng u/]sf] 7fpdf lkmN8 cg'udg ul/Psf] lyof]
. :ofkm|' uflj;sf] a|fandf lr/fO{tf] g;{/L cjnf]sg,
rf}/L vs{ s[lif ;xsf/L ;:yf;+u vs{ Joj:yfkg
;DalGw cGt{lqmof, rf]/L lzsf/L lgoGq0f ;d'xx¿
/ nfª6fª If]q ;+/If0f ;/f]sf/ ;dfh;+u ;+/If0f
df o'jfx¿ kl/rfng ;DalGw cGt{lqmof, hnjfo'
kl/jt{g cg's'ng sfo{qmd ;~rfng u/]sf] ef]n]{,
w}a'Ë / nx/]kf}jfsf] ;'ulGwt t]n k|;f]wg s]Gb|,
kfgL esf/L, uf]7 ;'wf/, h}ljs dnsf] k|of]u ljlw,
;fd'bflos lap a}ª\s, s[ifs kf7zfnf, xfjfkfgL dfkg
s]Gb|, afof] UofF; Knfg lgdf0f{, ;'wfl/Psf] kmnfd]
r'nf], lu|g xfp; lgdf0f{, kfgLsf] d'xfg ;+/If0f h:
tf cg's'ng sfo{qmdx¿sf] cg'udg tyf cGt{lqmof
;fy} 5nkmn ul/Psf] lyof] . e|d0fdf cfpg'ePsf]
kfx'gfx¿nfO{ dWojtL{ pkef]Qmf ;ldltx¿sf]
kbflwsf/Lx¿n] tyf :yfgLo u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf
nfsf];sf kbflwsf/Ln] :jfut u/]sf lyP .

sflnsf a'S; P08 :6]zg/L ;Knfo;{
sflnsf:yfg, /;'jf

xfd| f ;]jfx¿

– ;femf k|sfzg tyf cGo gLlh k|sfzgsf] clws[t laqm]tf
– ufO{8 ,u];k]k/, !) ± @ / SofDk;sf kf7\ok':tsx¿ / wfld{s tyf cGo k':tsx¿
– v]ns'b tyf ;Dk"0f{ :6]zg/Lsf ;fdfgx¿ xf]n;]n d'Nodf pknAw 5 .
– lhNnfel/sf ;/sf/L tyf u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿nfO{ tflnd, uf]i7L tyf ;]ldgf/sf nflu xn
tyf cfjZos kg]{ :6]zg/Lsf ;fdfu|Lx¿ xf]n;]n d"Nodf pknJw 5 .
– :t/Lo kmf]6f]skL, n]ldg]zg, a'safO{l08ª , gfO{ng 5fk agfpg], ljleGg lsl;dsf l/rfh{sf8{x¿
pknAw 5 . ljleGg ;fO{hsf] kmf]6f] lvRg] / tTsfn w'nfO{ ug]{, O{d]n O{G6/g]6, g]6 kmf]g ;fy}
/fli6«o b}lgs, ;fKtflxs tyf :yfgLo kqklqsfx¿sf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
Gff]6M lgoldt u|fxsnfO{ laz]if 5'6sf] Joj:yf 5 . sflnsf lxdfno SofDk;df cWofkg x'g] lalaP;
sf];{sf k':tsx¿ pknAw 5 . o; jif{sf] nflu rflxg] kf7\ok':ts ;dod} a'lsª ug{'xf]nf .

;Dks{ kmf]g M )!^@!^^^(, (*$!**($*!