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to calculet quantity of r.c.c column with this formule L*B*H WHERE L=lenthof column , B=with of column , & H=higet of column
Re: Dfine depends upon which of the following. 1.surface condition of road 2.width of road 3.radius of curve 4.speed of vehicle Answer #3

when the outer edge of the road is raised with respect to inner edge. this is what called SUPER ELEVATION. This depends upon 1-radius of curve 2-speed of vehicle The max superelevation is given to the road is 7%
Re: what is difference between fe 415 and fe 500 Answer #1

fe is called ferros it is steel 415,500 is the yield stength of the bar so these both defference is only the strength max strain in fe415 is 0.0038N/mm2 max strain in fe500 is 0.0042N/mm2
e: what is mean by tremie concrete Answer #2

Tremie concrete is placing of concrete by tremie pipe for piling work where concrete compaction done by movement of pipes up and down. Slump is very high for such concrete.
How to calculated +ve & -ve Bending moment coefficient in water tank design for design of side walls. Answer #1

Its Purely Based on the support condition and Type of the wall(i.e Fixed condition)

how to calculate the steel quantity for columns and beams Answer #2

steel quantity (column/beam)= length X unit weight (d^2/162 kg/m) d= dia of bar
what is mean by tie beam?where it is used? Answer #1

Tie beam is a beam connecting two or more columns for making it more stiffens to make the structure as a frame for stability, & thereby reducing the effect of long column effect. And it is not used to carry vertical load of slab or walls but it takes axial compression load so in time it acts a horizontal column
Re: what is tie-beam?where it used? Answer #1

The tie beam is a terminology used for a beam whose function is not to carry the slab load but just to act as a stiffner to the columns and thereby reduce the long column effect. Sometimes it also acts as a damp proof course at the plinth level and as a seperator for ventilators and doors when placed at the lintel level. Tie beam is a beam connecting two or more columns for making it more stiffns to make the structure as a frame for stability. Tie beam not carry and vertical load of slab or walls but take axial compression load so some time act as a horizontal column.
: What is called dummy column, & what its uses ? Answer #1

A column constructed for site ease purpose. It may not considered in the design phase or A column designed in not to take any load at the end of construction it will take load

during construction only. In some cases it will be removed after completion of main structure.
what is the shuttering normal clear cover for footings, walls, beams & columnms Answer #1

Concrete cover depends on environmental condition, grade of concrete, thickness of members, maximum size of aggregate used etc. Normally cover for footing 75mm, walls 25mm, beams 25 to 40mm bottom and side and Column 25 to 50mm. Cover Basically Differs From Structure To Structure Nominally used Covers Are As Follows Footing -50mm to 75mm Column- 40mm to 50mm Beam- 25 mm Slab- 15mm to 20mm (Minimun cover As Slab thickness Is usualy Very Low Compare to Other Structural Parts)
: how many reputations of ply wood for concrete works can be used? Answer #2

its deped upon ply wood quality and the max reputations is 10 normally and if compair other contries only one time are use.
Re: what are co-efficient for jacks, acro spans and runners for slabs per sft? Answer #1

there is wide range of coeffiecient depends on aspect ratio of slab, span size, thickness of slab, use of steel plate of plywood, condition of acrow span and jacks, opening in slabs, projection in slabs, number of beams and its size crossing slabs etc. You have to calculate for each building for one slab than use for typical slab.
: difference between MS rod & TMT rod? Answer #1

MS means Mild steel. that means plain rod . mainly created by CST ( cold tiwsted) TMT means Thermo mechanically treated. this method used by now a days.

Re: Is there a way to know the aprox shuttering qty if vol of concrete is known? any thumb rule? Answer #1

Generally for high rise building shuttering is taken as 3.5 times of floor area but in case where there are Post tension slab the ratio is taken as 3
e: why green colour formation on the surface of concrete and plastered surface takes place after curing? Answer #2

What is green building? Answer #1

A building which uses maximun natural light and ventilation A Green Building is a preety vast term. But any building certified under LEED or IGBC is considered as Green building These certificates can only be obtained if the building uses most Renewable Natural resources than Non-Renewable resources.Also wastages of Electricity & Water is minimum and ample Green space is provided in the surrounding of the building.
Re: hi , can anybody help me about the following doubt...... what is the difference between clear cover, cover and nominal cover to reinforcement ? Answer #1

what is the maximum percentage of crush sand in mix design.also what is the difference betweeen grite powder & crush sand. Answer #1

frist in the crush sand 100% passing threw 4.75 m.m. sieves & retain 85%in 150 microns & this manufacture from crush by

rock.and grit powder passing threw 150 microns sieve 50% generally now 50% to 60% use in mix-design. nest year used 100% VSI crush sand MIX-DESIGN we are produce.
Re: how to calculate the density of cement and how can we convert no. of Kgs of cement to Metric tonnes?? Answer #1

Debsity of any thing can be calculated by calculating Weight / Volume ratio Take 1 lit. of jar fill it with cement and take the weight of the cement contaoned in jar dividing them will give you the reasult. Generally it lies between 850 to 1650 kg/cum. The variotion depends on the type of cement and its fineness modulous.
what is the functional requirement of cement plaster in RCC members & masonry?? Is it Manditory to do plastering on all RCC members(beams, Columns, Slabs)? in what places plasterring could be kept as an optional one??? Answer #1

1.For Architectural work(neat & good appearance), weathering coarse etc. 2.Not required. 3.Above falls ceiling, industril structure ,coar wall,stair wall, techinicl galary, pump room , all service rooms etc (cost controle can also be done). a> To prtect the structural or any masonary members from weathering agent. b> To impart aesthetic look by giving sophisticated finish. 2. It is advisible as an additional protection cover for the RCC cover especially in the region where the members

are exposed to saline weather in coastal area. 3. a> Where the good finishing is not required b> Where the economical building required as mentioned above
what do you mean by punching shear? Answer #1 can see clear view of slab and intermediate column joint after de shuttering, it is the right place to explain punching shear, you know how the slab self load acts, towards the gravity (downwards) at the same time the column located below the slab holds and punch upward this is where the puching shear occurs(the surrounding small area of slab around the column)that's y u can see top and bottom cross rods arround that junction.

tranverse reinforcement
tandared weighs for differnt grade of concrete Answer #2

2400 kg/cm m15-2100 m20-2250 m25-2300 m30-2450 m35-2550 m40-2600

Life of Rcc is taken as 100 years. What will be the life of structure after 10 years. will the strength of concrete increases or decreases. Answer #2

the strength of concrete is increased with the time passes in my openion the after 10 year concrete get its full strength so it's strength is increases but after a maximum

point is reach the strength stats decreas.


in .75sq ft=2 bricks in 1sq ft=3.5 so we need 35000 bricks for 100 sq ft wall 1 std. brick size = 90mm x 90mm x 200mm hence 1 bricks= 0.11 x 0.23m (including mortar thickness)=0.0253 sqmt.x 10.76= 0.27 sqmt. So for 100sqft. total no. of bricks = 100/0.27=370 n
r #6

Indian Brick Standard Size 9inches*4.25inches*2.75inches Therefore depends on lenght and breadth it varies,for instance if it is (L*B)9 inches *4.25 inches wall then for 1 sq.ft it requires 3.76 bricks [MAXIMUM], excluding of mortar,if it is (L*B)9inches *2.75 inches wall then for 1 sq.ft it requires 5.81 bricks[MAXIMUM} ,excluding mortar.When mortar is added based on thickness of mortar the following bricks will be reduced accordingly. Area of 41/2" wall required 60 nos of bricks per sq.m Area of 9" wall required 120 nos of bricks per sq.m area of solid blocks (11 -12 nos) per sq.m CONSTRUCTION AREA = = = wall = "wall 100.00 Sq.ft 100/10.76 = 9.29sq.m 9.29x60 = 557.40 (558.00 nos)41/2" 9.29x120 =1114.80 (1115.00 nos)9

how many cement bags rquired for solid block construction for 100 sqft in 1:6 proportion? Answer #1

40x20 cm size of solid block 1 bag cement required for 60 blocks

how many no of cement bags required for 1:4 plastering for 100 sqft? how many no of cement bags required for 1:3 plastering for ceiling for 100 sqft? Answer #1

for calculating the volume of cement in this question it

also need thickess. we consider the thickness of the plaster 0.5 inch = 0.04' thus the total volume will be 4cft. this is the wet volume now multiplying it with constant 1.27 the dry volume will be 5.08 now sum of ratio is 5 according to the formula 1 x 5.08/5 = 1.01 cft one cement bag have volume of 1.25 cft now dividing it on 1.25 we get 1.01/1.25 = 0.81 bags in plaster the volume of cement depends on the thickness of the plaster but normally it is adopted as 1/2" that is the answer of both question change the thickness of the plaster will change the value of volume of cement. thanks
is there zone 6 for earthquake in india? on what basis the naming of the zones are done in variuos countries? Answer #1

There are 1) Zone 2 2) Zone 3 3) Zone 4 4) Zone 5 5) Zone 6

5 zones in india is least or no danger is little danger is medium danger is danger zone very dangerious

Mostly zone 6 is near himalaya region & they got from Fault plate location around the countries. They based on tectonic behavior of plates.
What are Standard weights for concete of gradeM10,M15,M20,M25,M30 Etc. Answer #1

for PCC 2400 kg/cum for RCC 2500 Kg/cum

Re: methode of psc girder stressing Answer #1

Generally In a prestressed COncrete Girder Stresing is done using multi pull jacks that can pull all the cables in a seething pipe. Also jacks are provided on both the ends of

cables and stress is applied to it until it reaches the specified limit. Elongation of the cables is also measured to cross check the tension in the cables.
Re: diffrence between mjb & mnb Answer #1

If length of bridge is more than 60 m is major bridge & if length of bridge is less than 60 m is minor bridge.
e: how to calculate the required qantities of cement, Sand and aggrigate to prepare 1 Cum of concrete mix 1:2:4 Answer #1

mix design 1:2:4; (1+2+4 = 7) (using 20mm aggregate) Volume of ingredients - 1.57 ( thump rule) Aggregate sand cement - 4/7 * 1.57 = 0.89 Say 0.9 m3 - 2/7 * 1.57 = 0.448 say 0.45 m3 - 1/7 * 1.57 = 0.224 say 0.225 m3

weight of cement required - 0.225 * 1440 = 324 kg. if any mistake please inform... For 1 Cu.m Concrete (1:2:4) Cement =1.52/(1+2+4)=.217 Cu.m=.217/.035=6.2 Bags Sand=(1.52*2)/7=0.434 Cu.m Agg.=(1.52*4)/7=.86 Cu.m out of 0.86Cu.m of Agg use following Proportion of Agg. 20mm Agg=0.65*.86=.56 Cu.m(65%of 0.86Cum) & 10mm Agg=0.35*.86=0.3 Cu.m(35%of 0.86Cu.m) Summary=> Cement=6.2 Bags, Sand=0.434 Cu.m, 20mm Agg=0.56Cu.m, 10mm Agg.=0.30Cu.m mix desighn = 1:2:4= 7 quantity is 1 cum add 52% westage and shreankage so 152 cum

cement = 1*1.52/(7)=0.21714 cum (dry volume) volume of one bag is 0.0347 cum so no of bags are 0.21714/0.0347= 6.25 nos say7 numbers bags are required sand = 2*1.52/(7)=0.43428 cum course aggregates = 4*1.52/(7)=0.86857 cum so conclution is cement =7 nos bags sand =0.43428 cum course aggregates =0.86857 cum if any mistake please informed . thank you
: Any body please let me know how to prepare Method Statement for Bored Cast in situ piles. Answer #1

See in piles some statment are record in field book some are as follows 1. what is dia of pile 2. what is length of penetraion of pile in one hour. 3. what is the finial depth of termination of pile. 4. what is the cum casting of pile. 5. plate laoad test of pile.

1. what is dia of pile 2. what is length of penetraion of pile in one hour. 3. what is the final depth of termination of pile. 4. what is the cum casting of pile. 5. plate laoad test of pile. 6. Dia of steel to be used. 7. Grade of the concrete as per design and Pouring of the concrete in layer by layer. 8. Testing of pile like Intergrity test. 9. Removal of the termination slurry concrete
e: what is 43 & 53 in cement Answer #2

It is the grade of the cement i.e,it implies that the strength of cement achieved after 28 days of curing will be 43mpa & 53mpa respectively
What is the difference in Cement content for M-20 Concrete if y ou use OPC & PPC? What is the difference in the Curing Period? Answer #1

OPC IS ordinary portland cement and PPC is Pozlana cement cement. see cement used in concrete is fixed that is you say 340 to 350 kg/cum. cement are in sane grade i.e 53. but in PPC some amount slag are mix. so it takes some time to hard than OPC. so curing period take more time to hard
what is SPLICES & where it is used????????????? Answer #1

A splice plate is the plate that is attached to two different sections of steel by using revate or bole in order to make the two sections 1 single unit.
: What is the substitute of Mastic Asphalt? Answer #1

constituents? Natural asphalt,sand and mineral fillers he hot bitumen mastic is an intimate homogeneous mixture of mineral filler and well graded fine and course(IF REQUIRED) with a hard grade bitumen cooked and laid hot trowelled and floated by mean of a wooden float.The mixture settle to a coherent, voidless and impermeable solid mass under normal temperature condition."
: What is the mixing ratio of M7.5,m10,M30,m35&m40? Answer #1

M 7.5 M 10

- 1:4:8 - 1:3:6

M 30, 35 & 40 are design mix. M 7.5 = 1:5:10 M 10 = 1:4:8 M 15 = 1:3:6 M 20 = 1:2:4 M 25 = 1:1.5:3 (M25, M30, M35, M40, M45 all are mix designs). M25 are design mix
Re: How many materials e.g bricks, cement, sand, stone required to build a house for 100 sqft Answer #2

in 100 sqt cement bag 35

117 cft FA 18 cft 10 mm Aggregate 33 cft 20 mm Aggregate 2884 Bricks 80 kg steel


1.Please go through u r question once it's terrible yo. 2.If u want the QUANTITY of bricks,cement,f-aggregate,caggregate it will be derived from the design. 3.There are many constant for material consumption like No..or Kg..or lit../sq.m,/cu.m, etc, so what u r up to. 4.(How many materials)dude in Civil it's up to how wealthy u r. 5.I believe u r not a Civil professional
hat is relation between weight and grade of concrete? Answer #1

weight of concrete refers to quantity . while grade of cement refers to strength for 28 days that particular concrete attains
What is the meaning of RCC NP3 Pipes Answer #1


What is the meaning of RCC NP3 Pipes Answer #9

RCC NP3 pipe means Non Pressure Hume pipe made with reinforcement cement concrete. It stands in class 3. It is medium duty pipe. it is used for irigation and culvert with medium traffic density.Other classification is NP1 (Concrete non pressure pipe with no reinforcement), NP2 ( It is light duty), NP4 (it is heavy duty.You can refer IS:458-1988 for further details information.
Re: how much quantity a carpenter do shuttering per day Answer #2

a carpenter can do 3 to 4 sq m shuttering per day The Out-turn of a Shuttering carpenter per day is between 2.5 sq.m. to 3 sq.m. a carpenter can do 3 to 4 sq m shuttering per day

: Standard weighs for different grades of concrete? Answer #1

what is standard weighs or weight. if you say weight of concrete that is 2500kg/cum is same for all conrete. if you say standarad weight material that used in concrete that you have to calculate. if you said diffrent grade that is from M10 to M8

If so ther is no meaning of taking weight of samplle before testing compressivve strenth as per is516
Totally how many Grades of Concrete are there? and Explain Briefly? Answer #1

Ordinary concrete M-10, M-15, M-20 Standard concrete M-25,30,35,40,45,50,55 High strength concrete M-60,65,70,75,80 specified char. comp. strength of 150 mm cube at 28 days in N/ mm^2. For ordi. concrete it is 10, 15, 20. For Standard concrete it is 25,30,35,40,45,50,55. For high Strength concrete it is 60,65,70,75,80
Re: What is the cement and sand content in the mortar used to build 1 sqm of 190x190x390mm hollow and solid blockworks? Answer #1

1 bag cement required for 60 1;5

whether earth to the height of 80cm could be filled in the basement inm place of jamuna sand Answer #1

yes,but proper layer wise and compation.

what is the density of compacted earth and jamuna sand Answer #1

Minimum of 95% 1800kg/cum

: what is stressing Answer #1

Stressing is the word generelly use in post-tentioning slab.(PT slab)

stressing means stress the strands(cables) by using the hydrulic machine. when the concrete get required strength
: How to repair the Pavement quality conc used for toll plazas if is giving hungry look or honeycombed ? how much cement need to treat 100sqmtr of Damaged PQC Answer #1

Honey combed concrete repair by 1. Pressure grouting with Polymer cement slurry. than 2. Filled up surface with epoxy or polmer mortar and levelled it. 3. or by laying of mastic of 20mm or more thick and compact it
e: Any bopdy tell me how to prepare rate analysis for Centering and shuttering for RAFT FOUNDATION, SUSPENDED FLOORS, STAIR CASES, RETAINING WALLS, SHEAR WALL and COLUMNS Answer #1

Providing, erecting, fixing in position striking/ removing and cleaning shuttering and centering for formwork in foundation and Plinth at all locations for all shapes inclufing chamfers, camber, splays, keys, wedges, props, rail, bracing , brackets, cutti Foundation. For 10.8 Sqmt Area (Based on Physical Analysis) Material : Ply Wood Sqmt 11.000 538.000 Nut Bolts, Balli Battens etc LS 1095.000 For 15 Repetation For 1 Labour : Carpenter I Class Beldar skilled Nos Shuttering Oil LS Sundries I Time 467.533 5918.000


Nos 0.750 175.000 131.250 1.500 135.000 202.500 1.000 33.400 33.400 16.700 1.690 28.223 862.906 Add for water charges @ 1% 8.629 Total 871.535 Add for contractor's profit and overheads @ 10%

148.161 Cost for 10.8 sqm Cost of 01 Sqmt Say

1019.696 94.416 94

How many no of cement bags required to do the concrete with the proportions 1:1.5:3 for 4inch thickness for 100 sqft? Answer #2

take the coeff. of 1.52 per cum for dry material for each like cement, aggregate & fine aggregate (coarse sand) and calculate the particular qty Ex. Cement=1.52/(1+1.5+3) *1= .... Cum One Cement bags volume (50 kg) = 0.032 cum Convert area of slab (100sqft)into sqm = 100/10.76 =9.29 sqm (as 1m2=10.76 sqft) thickness (4 inch) =.1m Volume =9.29*0.1 m3 =0.929 m3 As in 1:1.5:3 for 1m3 no.of cement bags =8 bags Therefore,tot. no. of bags =0.929*8 =7.43
How to calculate the no of bags required for 12mm thick 1:6 plastering? Answer #2

Cement= 1 Sand = 6, assume W/C=0.4 Water = 0.4*1= 0.4 Total = 1+6+0.4=7.4 Wt per m3 of CM = 2400 kg for 10 m2 = 1.2 cum CM reqd. Cement required for 1 m3 = 2400/7.4 = 324.3 kg = 6.48 bags so for 10m2 area of 12mm thick plaster = 1.2*6.48 = 7.78 Bags required. ~8 bags. THIS IS THE EXACT PROCEDURE ALL OF U

GIVEN THICKNESS OF PLASTER = 12MM = 12/1000 M = 0.012M RATIO (1:6) SINCE YOU HAVE NOT GIVEN ASSUME THAT 100 SQ.M OF PLASTER IS DONE. THUS VOLUME OF PLASTER = 100 X 0.012 =1.2 CUM ADD 60 % FOR UNEVENESS OF PLASTER SURFACE AND VOIDS TOTAL VOLUME OF PLASTER WORK = 1.2 + 60/100 X 1.2 =1.92 CUM VOLUME OF CEMENT = 1.92 / (1+6)=0.274 CUM NO. OF CEMENT BAGS =0.274/0.0347 =7.89 BAGS (NOTE VOLUME OF 50 KG CEMENT BAG IS - 0.0347 CUM) VOLUME OF SAND = 0.274 X 6= 1.644 CUM finished volume=12mm = 0.012m =1.2m3 prop 1:6=1+6=7 cement req= 1.2/7 =0.17143 1cement bag=34.5 litres =0.0345m3 cement bag req= 0.17143/0.0345 = 4.97 bags approx = 5 bags
e: beam top main reinforcement(25mm) was drilled off by mistakely when making drill hole for dummy columns. any one can give useful information for this issue or related code or websites. Answer #1

i have planned to chip both side of concrete to give 1250 mm ,25mm for lablength.
Explain Different types of raft foundation Answer #1

shallow foundations:Isolated footings,strip footings deep foundations: 1)piles 2) pile caps 3)Diaphgram walls 4)caissons
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