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Training Book

Training Book

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Published by Kurian Joseph

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Published by: Kurian Joseph on Oct 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The traditional way to calculate GM is from the waterplane moment of inertia, which,

together with displaced volume yields BM and applying that to the CB we get the

metacenter location and hence can arrive an GM. All this depends on the vessel being at

equilibrium; otherwise we have to assume a CG location that would put it in equilibrium.

When slack liquid loads are present in tanks, the metacenter is affected, which affects

the GM. However the traditional approach to this is to leave the metacenter alone and

"correct" the VCG using the FSM. Obviously this is technically incorrect since the CG

does not change as a result of the free surface: You could freeze the tanks and have the

same CG, yet the GM would increase.

Therefore, GHS always puts the free surface effect in the BM, where it belongs, rather

than leaving it out of the BM and making a VCG "correction". Either way yields the same

GM, but the BM from GHS will not agree with the BM from a method that "corrects" the


GM can also be calculated from the the RA curve, since GM equals the slope of the

RA curve. GHS gives you this option, and it has the advantage of being less sensitive to

waterplane discontinuities. This GM option appears as optional parameters on the GHS,

SOLVE and RA commands.

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