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34786600-2-l-ETAP-Real-Time

34786600-2-l-ETAP-Real-Time

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Published by: jitendrakumarmishra on Oct 09, 2012
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ETAP Real-Time

Operation Maintenance Planning

Operation Technology, Inc.
Irvine, California

ETAP Real-Time
Monitor Simulate Operate Analyze Optimize Predict Manage Control
ETAP Real -Time

ETAP Real-Time
Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Energy Management System

Intelligent Load Shedding
ETAP Real -Time

ETAP Real-Time
Operations Maintenance

Financial

Engineering Planning
As a component of the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system, ETAP optimizes the exchange of information between diverse tiers of an organization while channeling domain sensitive information.

Market Solutions 
         Oil Refineries Oil Platforms Oil Production Fields Chemical Plants Mining Manufacturing Plants Health Care Facilities Generation Plants Data Centers Switchgear & Relay Manufacturers
ETAP Real -Time

Objectives 
Optimize Operation  Optimal Load Shedding  Prevent Downtime  Minimize System Losses  Minimize Energy Costs  Predict System Response  Train & Assist Operators  Prevent Outage Due to Operator Error  Safe Operation & Avoid Penalties  Improve Equipment Life Time  Provide Data Accessibility
ETAP Real -Time

ETAP Real-Time Users

ETAP Real -Time

OTI Test Lab

ETAP Real -Time

System Architecture

ETAP Real -Time

Bring Your ETAP To Life

ETAP Real -Time

Client Server Architect

Windows 2000 / XP, Multitasking
ETAP Real -Time

Protocols & Standards 
MMS  ModBus  NetBeui  DNP  ICCP  IEC870  T103  NetDDE  UCA  IPX/SPX (Netware)  TCP/IP  OPC

ETAP Real -Time

ETAP Real -Time

Power System Monitoring & Simulation 
Virtual Monitoring  Advanced Monitoring  Real-Time Simulation  Online Control  Event Playback  Trending  Alarm & Warning  Energy Cost Analysis
Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Monitoring Capabilities 
Multi-Console Server/Client Monitoring  Graphical Monitoring via ETAP One-Line Diagram  Visual Monitoring via Watch Windows (MMI)  Archived (Historical) Data Retrieval / Display  Electrical & Non-Electrical Metering Tags  OPC Interface Layer  Multi-Access Levels

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Advantages of ETAP 
Intelligence  Simple to Modify the System  Option to Override Monitored Data  Online Switching & Breaker Operation  Visual Monitoring (MMI) by Watch Windows

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Virtual Monitoring

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Virtual Monitoring

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Virtual Monitoring

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Standard Monitoring Systems Shortcomings 
Display Data on Static Images and Objects  High Costs to Setup & Maintenance MMI  Require Hardware for Every Monitored Point  Modifications Require New Static Images  Does Not Recognize Bad Data  Lack Electrical Intelligence  Primitive Data Reconciliation
Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Advanced Monitoring

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Advanced Monitoring

Error Detection

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Advanced Monitoring

Load Estimator / Distributor
Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Advanced Monitoring 
        State Estimator Load Estimator / Distributor Error Detection Global (Server) & Local Alarm & Warning Alarm & Warning Acknowledgement Equipment Overload Detection Over-Voltage & Under-Voltage Detection Graphical Notification via One-Line Diagrams Pinned Data (Override Monitored Data)
Power System Monitoring & Simulation

RealReal-Time Simulation
Predict System Behavior to Operator Actions
Open/Close Circuit Breakers Reject Generators Load Impact & Ramping Accelerate Motors Protective Device Sequence-of-Operation

Conduct Engineering Analysis
Using Actual Operating Loading, Generation, & Configuration
Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Real-Time Simulation

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Real-Time Simulation

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Real-Time Simulation
Simulation Modules 
Load Flow  Motor Acceleration  Short-Circuit ANSI/IEC  Arc Flash  Device Coordination & Selectivity  Sequence-of-Operation  Harmonics  Transient Stability  Reliability Assessment  More...

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Event Playback

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Event Playback
Playback Forward Playback Reverse Set Speed/Scan Rate Pause Step Forward Step Reverse Next Event Previous Event Scan Forward Scan Reverse Display Options

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Event Playback

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Event Playback 
Replay Archived Historian Data  Improve Operator Knowledge  Predict System Behavior On-Demand  Investigate Cause & Effect  Explore Alternative Actions  Replay ³What If´ Scenarios

Power System Monitoring & Simulation

Energy Management System 
Intelligent Energy Management  Demand-Side Management  Automatic Generation Control  System Optimization & Automation

Energy Management System

Energy Management System
Real-Time Data

Optimization Requirements

EMS

System Control

System Topology
Energy Management System

Energy Management System 
Auto Control Overload, OverVoltage & UnderVoltage  Auto Control Generation, LTC, Shunt Capacitor, «  Generation MW & Mvar Averaging with $ Constraints  Minimize System Losses  Peak Shaving  Minimize Mvar & Power Factor Penalties  Active Inhibition & Permissive Control of Load & Generation  Optimize Spin Reserve  Maximize Voltage Security Index  «
Energy Management System

Energy Management System
Optimization Control 
Optimization Objectives  Bus Voltage Constraints  Branch Flow Constraints  Control Movement Constraints  User-Definable Constraints (Macros)  Energy Costs (Generation & Exchange Power)
Energy Management System

Energy Management System

Savings 
Reduce Energy Costs  Reduce Peak MWh Costs  Reduce Mvar / Power Factor Penalties  Improve System Operation & Stability  Increase Equipment Life Time  Increase System Capacity

Energy Management System

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
Objectives  Operation Dependent  Fast Response  Optimal Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding

Load Shedding
Why Load Shed:
Partial loss of energy source due to a disturbance (Generators and/or Utility Connections)

Optimal Load Shedding:
Best combination (also minimum) load that must be removed to keep the system operational

Load Shedding Protection is Essential:
Critical loads with limited power supply
Intelligent Load Shedding

Improper Load Shedding
Shed Too Much Load Loss of Critical Process Total Loss of Production Safety & Environmental Concerns $$$
Intelligent Load Shedding

Conventional Methods
A. Breaker Interlock Scheme B. Under-Frequency Relay (81) C. PLC-Based Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding

Breaker Interlock Scheme

Shed load larger than max. import power
Intelligent Load Shedding

Breaker Interlock Scheme 
Advantages  Fast Action  Simple to implement  Limitations  Fixed load priority  Only one stage of load shedding  Usually more loads are shed than needed  Modifications are costly and impractical  Can result in complete system shutdown
Intelligent Load Shedding

Under-Frequency Relay (81)

Shed fixed load based on 81 relay settings
Intelligent Load Shedding

Under-Frequency Relay (81)

Stage 1 2

Frequency Delay Hz Sec. 58.5 0.25 57.5 2.00

MW Shed 10 30
Intelligent Load Shedding

Under-Frequency Relay (81) 
Features 
Detects after effects of disturbances  Detects frequency & rate of change  Can have multiple stage settings  Settings are based on analysis  Fixed settings (10% of load for .5 Hz drop)
Intelligent Load Shedding

Under-Frequency Relay (81) 
Limitations 
Slow response time  Lack of knowledge about system loading  Lack of knowledge about the disturbance  Lack of knowledge about spin reserve  Analysis knowledge is always lost
Intelligent Load Shedding

PLC-Based Load Shedding

Shed load based on the PLC tables
Intelligent Load Shedding

PLC-Based Load Shedding 
Advantages  Access to system loading  Access to system generation  Access to CB operating status  Knowledge about spin reserve

Intelligent Load Shedding

PLC-Based Load Shedding 
Limitations 
Lack of system topology / connectivity / islanding  Lack of system islanding conditions  Load priority is predefined and fixed  Slow response - initiation from frequency relays  Drop load based on the frequency relay settings  Fixed logic ± calculations are preformed at PLC
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Fast Response
Load 1 P+jQ Gen Load 2 Load 3

Normal Operation ± 0 Spin Reserve
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Fast Response
Load 1 j QG Gen P=0 j QL Load 2 Load 3

3-Phase Fault for 5 Cycles
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Fast Response
Load 1 P¶ + j Q¶ Gen Load 2

P¶ > P Q¶ >> Q

Load 3

Power Inrush after Fault Clearance
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Fast Response
Load 1 P+jQ Gen Load 2 Load 3

Slow Load Shedding
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Fast Response
Load 1 P+jQ Gen Load 2 Load 3

Fast Load Shedding
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
Requires Intelligence to Recognize 
        System Topology Configuration Operating Status Generation Level Power Exchange Operating Load Spin Reserve Disturbance Type & Location Transient Response to Disturbances
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
P+jQ Gen1
P3 + jQ3 P1 + jQ1 P2 + jQ2

Load 1 Load 2 Load 3

P4 + jQ4

P¶ + j Q¶ Gen2

Load 4
P5 + jQ5

Load 5
P6 + jQ6

Load 6

Study Condition
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
jQ jQ Gen1 Load 2 Load 3 jQ Load 4 Load 5 Load 6 Load 1

jQ Gen2

Study Disturbance
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
P1 + jQ1

P+jQ Gen1
P3 + jQ3

Load 1 Load 2 Load 3

P¶ + j Q¶ Gen2
P6 + jQ6

Load 4 Load 5 Load 6

Study 81 Relay Response
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
P1 + jQ1

P+jQ Gen1
P3 + jQ3

Load 1 Load 2 Load 3

P4 + jQ4

P¶ + j Q¶ Gen2

Load 4
P5 + jQ5

Load 5
P6 + jQ6

Load 6

Actual Operating Condition
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
jQ1

jQ Gen1
jQ3

Load 1 Load 2 Load 3

P4 + jQ4

P¶ + j Q¶ Gen2

Load 4
P5 + jQ5

Load 5
P6 + jQ6

Load 6

Actual Operating Condition
Intelligent Load Shedding

Needs for Optimal Solution
P1 + jQ1

P+jQ Gen1
P3 + jQ3

Load 1 Load 2 Load 3

P¶ + j Q¶ Gen2
P6 + jQ6

Load 4 Load 5 Load 6

81 Relay Response
Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
Objective Shed Minimum Load Dependencies Disturbance Type & Location Generation Level Spin Reserve System Configuration System Loading Load Distribution Operation Constraints Individual Circuit Breaker Loading
Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
How to Achieve Objectives
Fast Load Shedding (less than 100ms) Optimal Combinations of Loads (CBs) Neural Network + Direct Logic Knowledge Base Direct User-Definable Logic Multiple Subsystems

Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Knowledge Base 
Hundreds of TS Studies Stored  System Knowledge is Never Lost

Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Configuration

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
Fault Detection (50) Trigger Signal to CB CB Trip

Fault Clearing

10

70

Time ms

Local PLC

10

30

90

Time ms

Trigger Received by PLC

PLC Output Triggers 70 30 Trigger Received by PLCs

Load CB Open 90 150

Remote PLCs

Time ms

PLC Output Triggers

Load CB Open

Fast Load Shedding
Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
Fault Detection (50) Trigger Signal to CB CB Trip

Fault Clearing

0.5

5.5

Time Cy

Local PLC

0.5

2

7

Time Cy

Trigger Received by PLC

PLC Output Triggers 5.5 2 Trigger Received by PLCs

Load CB Open 7 12

Remote PLCs

Time Cy

PLC Output Triggers

Load CB Open

Fast Load Shedding
Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
ILS vs. Frequency Relay LS

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
ILS vs. Frequency Relay LS

Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Comparison
ETAP ILS PMS Siemens PowerLogic SQD PMS ABB Frequency Relays

Response

<100ms

100ms*

150ms**

<100ms**

Seconds

* PLC time only

** Exclude detection of signal

Fault 100ms to 500ms

81 Relay

Time

PLC Receives Signal

150ms to 300ms

Load CB Open

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
ILS vs. PLC Based LS

Intelligent Load Shedding

Intelligent Load Shedding
Key Features        User-Defined Load Priority User-Defined Load Groups Unlimited Load Shedding Schedules Operator Friendly Interface On-Line Testing to Validate ILS Actions User-Defined Trigger Inhibition Operator Alerts
Intelligent Load Shedding

Optimal CB Combination

Load W ILS o 4 ILS L o a ed 4

Shed Load

e to Shed

6

4

-

4

-6

Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Operator Friendly Interface
Operator Display
Load MW Loads to Shed Spinning Reserve Required Load to Shed Active Triggers

Unlimited Load Shedding Schedules
Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Load Shed Verification

Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Configuration

Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Normal Operation

ILS Server

Intelligent Load Shedding

PLC Based Backup Operation
System Data

X
Frequency Relay

ILS Server
Intelligent Load Shedding

ILS Response
Response to Mechanical & Electrical Disturbances Generator Breaker Trip Utility Main Breaker Trip Fuel Availability Process Alarms Faults in the System Spinning Reserve Availability User-Customizable Triggers

Intelligent Load Shedding

P.T. Newmont Project

Intelligent Load Shedding

P.T. Newmont Project

Intelligent Load Shedding

Integration Services 
Integration Strategy  System Modeling & Development  Architecture & Technology Consulting  Technology Pre-Study & Piloting  Enterprise Systems Connectivity  Metering Hardware Evaluation  Monitoring & Control System Design  and more
ETAP Real -Time

PARTE 2

ELABORACION DIAGRAMA UNIFILAR
CREANDO UN NUEVO PROYECTO

ABRIENDO PROYECTO CREADO

ELABORACION DIAGRAMA UNIFILAR

Etap Elaboración Diagrama Unifilar 

Diagram  Format    

One-Line 

Configuration Manager  Study Case Toolbar  

Toolbar

Mode Toolbar Dumpster Project View Project

Scenario Wizard Message Log

OLV

Select Mode Edit Mode: Drag/Drop & Connect Elements Study Mode: Load Flow, Short-Circuit, « etc. Project View

Edit Toolbar
AC Elements DC Elements Instrument Devices

Select Status Configuration

Unlimited Number of Configurations to Save Status of Switching Devices/Loads

One-Line Diagram
In Edit Mode

Help Line
Displays the description for every entry field.

Message Logger View the latest messages related to PowerStation Projects.
It can be expanded or reduced.

Mode Toolbar Format (Etap 7.1)

‡Bu ‡Point er ‡ ‡2W Transformer s3W ‡Trans. Line Transformer ‡Cable ‡Impedance ‡Reactor ‡Generator ‡Power ‡Wind Turbine Generator ‡MG set Grid ‡Induction Motor ‡Synch. ‡MOV ‡Lumped Motor ‡Capacitor ‡Static Load ‡Panel System ‡Harmonic Filter Load ‡Remote Connector ‡Phase Adapter ‡Static Var Compensator ‡HV DC Transmission Link ‡Composite Motor ‡Composite Network ‡Contactor ‡Fuse ‡LVCB ‡HV CB ‡Recloser ‡Overload Heater ‡In line- Overload Relay ‡Single Throw Switch ‡Double Throw Switch ‡Instrumentation ‡Ground ‡Display Options Grid ‡Schedule Report Manager

Point Bus er DC DC Impedance Cable Converter Battery DC Static Load DC Motor DC Lumped Load Composite CSD DC Composite Motor Composite Network DC Fuse DC CB ‡Single Throw DC Double Throw Switch Switch Uninterruptible power supply VFD Charg Inverter er

‡Current Transformer ‡Voltmeter ‡Multi meter ‡Voltage Relay 27 / 59 ‡Frequency Relay 81 ‡Motor relay

‡Potential Transformer ‡Ammeter ‡Reverse Power Relay ‡MV Solid State Trip Relay ‡Overcurrent Relay

Analysis Toolbar Format
Analysis Toolbars have the following sections: 1. Run the calculation 2. Display Options 3. View the generated reports 4. Stop the calculation 5. Get On-Line data and Get Archived Data 6. Load Flow Result Analyzer All PowerStation Analysis toolbars follow this general format.

System Dumpster
El concepto basurero del Etap es diferente al basurero que se usa en windows. El Dumpster tiene varias celdas de memoria donde se almacena el o los elementos (agrupados) eliminados o cortados, hasta que se haga doble click en la barra de herramientas del Dumpster donde tendra la opción de Entrando a la opción Edit se elimina un elemento en forma definitiva. El Dumpster permite almacenar aquellos elementos del OLV que no son deseados en un momento, pero pueden ser recuperados del basurero durante la construcción del OLV

Project View
El Project View es un árbol de representacion gráfica que incluye las presentaciones, configuraciones, casos de estudio, librerias y componentes asociados con tu proyecto.

Project Toolbar

El Project Toolbar contiene los botones que le permiten realizar los accesos rápidos de muchas órdenes comúnmente usadas en ETAP.

Configuration Manager
El propósito del director de configuración es proporcionar una interfaz para las capacidades siguientes: Inspección del estado de configuración de cada dispositivo en el proyecto activo de una manera tabular Capacidad de cambiar el estado de configuración de cualquier PD , Fuente o Carga en el proyecto Capacidad de rastrear cambios en el estado de configuración de cualquier PD, Fuente o Carga en el proyecto Capacidad de comprobar (inspector) el estado de configuración de cualquier PD, Fuente o Carga en el proyecto

Study Case Toolbar

Esta barra de tareas es mostrada automáticamente cuando usted está en uno de los modos de estudio. La barra de tareas de Caso de Estudio le permite controlar y manejar los parámetros de solución de estudio e informes de salida.

Scenario Wizard
Un escenario le permite agrupar todas las opciones de estudio en un lugar. Por esta razón, los escenarios son útiles en cualquier momento en que usted quiere registrar un estudio para la ejecución. Los escenarios son creados y registrados en el Mago de escenario y pueden ser controlados individualmente en cualquier momento. Un proyecto puede tener un número ilimitado de escenarios. Los escenarios son compuestos de los parámetros siguientes:

System (Network Analysis or CSD Analysis) Presentation (for example, one-line diagram, UGS, or CSD) Revision Data (Base or Revision Data) Configuration Status (for example, Normal, Stage 1, or TSEvents) Study Mode (for example, LOAD FLOW or SHORT-CIRCUIT) Study Case (loading and generation system

Message Log
ETAP registra ciertas actividades cuando usted trabaja con su proyecto . Por ejemplo, ETAP registra una entrada siempre que usted abra o cierre un proyecto. Además, ETAP registra entradas cuando usted suprime objetos de OLE o pone al día conexiones de OLE y siempre que encuentre algunos errores internos al correr un modo de estudio, ( ejemplo: corriente circulante )

Message Log

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