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HAND BO OK

LAKSHMI RING TRAVELLERS (COIMBATORE) LIMITED

H I G H E S T

PPR
PRICE PERFORMANCE RATIO
INTERNATIONAL PRESENCE STATE OF THE ART R&D CUSTOMISED SOLUTIONS TOTAL RANGE HIGHEST QUALITY

A 6527 A 12382

ISO 9001 : 2000 ISO 14001 : 2004

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LAKSHMI RING TRAVELLERS
Lakshmi Ring Travellers (Cbe) Ltd (LRT) started its operation In 1974 as a trend setter in the highly sophisticated and accurate sphere of Traveller manufacturing. LRT has two units manufacturing ring Travellers., One in Hosur, India and another in Anamalai, Near Coimbatore, India. LRT is a part of the well known Lakshmi Machine Works (LMW) group. LMW is one of the largest textile machiner y manufacturers in the world manufacturing the complete range of spinning machines. As part of this dynamic group LRT has enormous resources - technology, Expertise and experience at its command. LRT has a Modern production facility which ensures Consistent quality. Raw materials are procured from the best sources in the world. LRT houses state of the art testing facilities for measuring hardness, friction, micro structure analysis And surface finish. Lakshmi Ring Travellers are manufactured as per the specific requirements of the industr y. Today high speed spinning machine require equally high speed Travellers. And LRT, by virtue of their strong R&D and a highly involved commitment to the industr y provides products that keep pace with the growth of the industr y. We take this opportunity to thank you for your patronage to our products. We value the experiences you have shared with us. Our experienced technical staff and application engineers will be pleased to assist you at any time. Note : All the information given in this handbook are guidelines based on our experience. The exact recommendations has to be decided at the mill depending on the prevailing conditions. The technical data available is subject to change.

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INDEX
Types of Ring Travellers Function & general selection of Travellers Prerequisites for smooth and stable running Spinning Geometry The Principal Shapes of flange rings Running - in of Rings Forces on Rings - C Shaped Travellers Surface Treatments Ring / Traveller Combination - Flange 1 Ring / Traveller Combination - Flange 2 Guide to choose a correct Traveller Trouble Shooting More Yarn Breaks in Ring Spinning Choice of Right Travellers For Higher Spindle Speed LRT Quickfix LRT Extract Fluff Remover FR 1 Fluff Remover FR 2 Spinning with flange Travellers Twisting / Doubling with flange Travellers Traveller weight comparison table Numbering system for yarns Numbering system for Yarn - Conversion formula Traveller Speed / Performance Calculations General Calculation Ring Traveller Recommendations J-shaped Vertical Ring Traveller Forces on rings & J shaped Traveller Ring Traveller types - J shaped Traveller Weight chart & Traveller recommendation - J shaped Traveller
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4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38

Foot width 11. 4. 0 Head 2. Angle of toe 7. 0 Toe 8. Position of yarn path 4. Toe 8. Acrylics. 0 Back 5. Toe gap 9. Inner width 2. Woolen and Worsted 0 Nose 1.SHAPED TRAVELLERS . 0 Head width 10.For Cotton and Synthetics & Blends 1.For Coarser Doubling (Cotton). Ring contact surface 6. 0 Position of yarn path 3. Upper part of bow J SHAPED TRAVELLERS (STEEL) . Wire section 5.Used in T-Flange Horizontal Rings . 0 Inner height 9.TYPES OF RING TRAVELLERS C . Height of bow 3. 0 Heel 6.Used in Vertical Rings . Nose angle 4 . 0 Foot 7.

FUNCTION & GENERAL SELECTION OF TRAVELLERS Function of a Traveller • to provide Twist to the yarn • to provide yarn tension (spinning Tension) • to wind the yarn on the Bobbin Traveller Weight : Traveller weight influences the yarn tension. It is determined by • The yarn count • Material Processed • Spinning Geometry • Speed • Traveller form The Choice of correct Traveller : It is determined by • Yarn Count • Ring flange • Type of ring • Life of ring • Material • Spindle speed 12. Toe angle 5 .

2 to 0.PREREQUISITES FOR SMOOTH AND STABLE RUNNING condition of the support Fa u l t l e s s and guide of the ring rail as well as a stead& smooth traverse motion. Correct setting of the Traveller clearer. Spindle rotation without vibration and correct concentricity of bobbin tube. Concentric position of the ring and spindle as well as anti ballooning ring and yarn guide.3 mm Favourable ratio of ring diameter to Tube diameter. Space “a” should be 0. Recommended ratio : D : d = 2 : 1 Ring diameter : D Tube diameter : d Faultless condition of ring race way 6 6 . Ring with exact roundness and firm seating in horizontal position.

The pulling tension can be reduced by adapting the ring or tube diameter (alpha greater th an 30 ). The shorter the balloon. resp. up on the during the winding Ratio of tube length to ring diameter Ideal ratio 5 : 1 The tube length determines (with the yarn guide) the maximum balloon length. At the top of the conical part of the bobbin).SPINNING GEOMETRY WITH RESPECT TO RING AND TRAVELLER Ratio of ring diameter D to tube diameter . together with the yarn as a pull element. RECOMMENDED TUBE MEASUREMENTS Tube Ø (mm) d Ring Ø (mm) D Tube length (mm) L Ideal Range Unfavourable Range 7 . This is an important factor for the performance of a ring spinning machine. the ideal ratio of tube length to ring diameter has been shown to be between 4. the tension load will be too high. tube (after doffing. higher Traveller speeds can be achieved. If the direction of pull deviates too much from the running direction of the Traveller (alpha less than 30 ). In practical use.d Ideal ratio 2 : 1 The ring Traveller.5:1 and 5:1. is set into motion on the ring by the rotation of the spindle.

2 mm Flange 2 = 4.THE PRINCIPAL SHAPES OF FLANGE RINGS Low Crown / Normal (Symmetrical) • Reduced crown portion when compared with conventional rings • Flange width is equally distributed towards inner & outer side Antiwedge (Assymmetrical) • Enlarged towards inside to get more area of contact CR Antiwedge (Assymmetrical) • In addition to antiwedge.6 mm Flange 1 = 3. CR antiwedge will have inclination towards inner side to get extra clearance for yarn Flange width Flange ½ = 2.0 mm 8 .

from finer to coarser or • coarser to finer counts. We recommend short running in when : • We change from one count pattern to another ie. Shor t Running -in We recommend 4 to 5 changes once ever y 24 hours. While increasing the speeds.RUNNING-IN OF RINGS Why it is Required ? To improve the initial running properties of the ring by smoothening the raceway. the Traveller changes to be given in steps of minimum possible speed (200 to 500 rpm) daily. Which is the preferable count & Material ? 40s and Cotton What is the procedure to be followed ? As per the ring manufacturer’s recommendation Guidelines for Running-in • End Breaks should be as low as possible • Count & Traveller Type should not be changed • If the mill is doing running-in with ver y fine or ver y coarse counts or synthetics it will take longer time. • We change from one Traveller type to another • We change from one brand to another • We change from one wire section to another 9 . Number of changes will depend on the Ring condition / mill condition.

Tangential Force Ff This force arises due to the winding tension of the yarn and always acts tangentially to the circumference of the cop. In the stationary state ie. 2. the frictional force Fn is in equilibrium with the forward component Ft F h= F t F h= Ft Sin α 3. Frictional force Fn This force acts between the ring and the Traveller. At constant Traveller speed. F n= µ F h 4. Force F n This force acts normal to the surface of the ring This force arises due to the force exerted by the Traveller on the ring. Centrifugal Force FZ F Z= mω r m = mass of the Traveller = angular velocity = 2π n /60 where n = Traveller speed 2 r = radius of the path of the Traveller = radius of the ring 10 .FORCES ON RINGS .C SHAPED TRAVELLERS Forces acting on the Traveller (1) in the plane of the ring are as follows 1.

Reliability & Versatility HI-TECH Nickel coated Travellers added with special alloying elements • Excellent heat dissipation • Better Gliding properties • Possible to go for higher speeds • Less Traveller burn .SURFACE TREATMENTS SAPPHIRE Diffusion treated Travellers • Long Life • Can be used for Running .in • Better elongation for easy insertion • Combines performance.out • Longer life MAXIMA Special har dening process for better grain structure & frictionless coating with better Thermal transfer • Better heat dissipation • Low roughness values • Smoother yarn passage • Lesser yarn breaks • Increased wear resistance leading to more traveller life 11 .

Flange 1 LOW CROWN/NORMAL RING PROFILE 51s Ne & Finer CR/ANTIWEDGE RING PROFILE U1CL Compact Spinning 20’s Ne onwards U1CL 51s Ne & Finer U1 ML 20s-50s Ne U1 ML 20s-50s Ne M1 20s-50s Ne 20s Ne & Coarser 30s Ne & Coarser U1 C1 24s Ne & Coarser U1 C1 HWO (UDR) for cotton.FLANGE 1 Ring / Traveller Combinations . EH2 & C1SH type Travellers are available in FR) 12 . synthetic fibres blends HO (DR) for synthetic fibres and blends FR for Acrylic (H2.

Flange 2 LOW CROWN/NORMAL RING PROFILE CR/ANTIWEDGE RING PROFILE 51s Ne & Finer 20s-50s Ne 20s-50s Ne 20s Ne & below 20s Ne & Coarser C2 20s Ne & Coarser C2 HO (DR) for synthetic fibres and blends UDR (HWO) for cotton. & C1 SH type Travellers are available in FR) and blends for 20 Ne’s coarser yarns 13 . EH2.FLANGE 2 Ring / Traveller Combinations . synthetic firbres and blends FR for Acrylic (H2.

20Ne’s & Coarser 20s Ne & Coarser 20Ne’s & Coarser FLANGE 1 FLANGE 2 FLANGE 1 NORMAL NORMAL ANTI WEDGE NORMAL ANTI WEDGE U1 C1 UDR P1 HWO U1UM UDR C1SHFR U1 C1 UDR EP1 HWO U1UM UDR C1SHFR H2 UDR P2 HWO U2UM UDR H2 HO C2 FLAT H2 FR EH2 UDR EP2 HWO U2UM UDR EH2 HO C2 FLAT EH2 FR M1 UDR U1UM UDR U1ML UDR M1 HO U1 CL UDR Recommended Range Possible Range Best For Synthetics Best for compact spinning 14 .

START 20s Ne to 50s Ne 50s Ne and Finer 20Ne’s & Coarser FLANGE 1 FLANGE 2 FLANGE 1 ANTI WEDGE NORMAL ANTI WEDGE NORMAL ANTI WEDGE EM1 UDR U1UM UDR U1ML UDR EM1 HO U1 CL UDR M2 UDR U2UM UDR M2 HO EM2 UDR U2UM UDR EM2 HO L1 UDR U1UL UDR M1 UDR M1 HO U1 CLUDR EL1 UDR U1UL UDR EM1 UDR EM1 HO U1 CLUDR Recommended Range Possible Range Best For Synthetics Best for compact spinning 15 .

count • The ratio between ring diameter • 1:5 ring dia to tube length • 2d + 5 of tube dia for lappet setting • Correct centering of Ring/lappet • Vibration free spindle/tube • Proper Combination of Ring Travellers Less Yarn Elongation More Yarn Hairiness • Heavier Ring Travellers • Low Bow Height Traveller • Improper Temperature.R.3mm Traveller (operating position) • Optimum Room Temperature • Better R. Air humidity • Lighter Traveller Unable to Increase the spindle speed • Improper Spinning Geometry • Poor Ring/Lappet centering • Spindle tube vibration • Improper selection of travellers Fluff accumulation • Improper Traveller clearer setting • Higher Room Temperature • Poor RH% • Poor House Keeping • Setting should be 0.T.TROUBLE SHOOTING Problem Poor Ring Traveller Life Causes • Improper matching • Poor Ring condition Remedies • Correct Traveller Selection • Good Ring Condition • Lighter Ring Travellers • High Bow Height Travellers • Correct RH & Temperature • Heavier Travellers • Proper lift W.2 to 0.H% • House Keeping should be proper • High clearance traveller finish/profile • Use best traveller combination/ finish/profile • Clearer setting to be adjusted Pushed up neps • Less yarn clearance • Higher wear-out • Traveller clearer setting 16 .

Count. The spinning Triangle should be optimum. Traveller lag is the difference between the spindle speed and traveller speed. Spinning Geometry Spinning Geometr y plays a vital role in End Breaks and which is directly related with spinning Tension and spinning triangle. Changing the damaged rings will help to reduce the end breaks. which is main limiting factor when you go for higher speeds. Following parameters has to be looked to control the end breaks. damaged lappet hooks. Fibre fly can be arrested by • Proper house keeping. More the traveller lag more is the end breaks.MORE YARN BREAKS IN RING SPINNING End breaks are the main factor in ring spinning. End breaks have a direct co-relation on traveller lag. *Spinning geometry details are given page no. Speed etc. • • Smoothening the Ring Race way can be done by doing Short Running in. Proper doffing practice.. Traveller lag will be more when the race way is having pitting marks. • • • • Maintaining lesser short fibre content in back process. Spinning performance can be affected by fibre fly. ABC Rings. 17 .7 Disturbances in Traveller Movement Improper Ring Race Way • Smoothness of ring race way is a critical factor. plastic tubes etc. will help us to achieve the lesser End Breaks. rust or damages. • • • • Perfect spinning Geometry with respect to Material. Plastic separator's bottom position has to be covered by metal to avoid fibre hanging. Ratio of ring Diameter (D) to tube diameter (d) should be 2:1 5:1 would be an ideal ratio in between Tube length to ring diameter. which is having direct relationship with productivity and Yarn Quality. Frequent cleaning of under winding coil especially in auto doffing..

Necessary roving hank has to be changed. 18 . If amount of draft is too high. Perfect combination of ring travellers will improve the working performance. Poor House keeping. Damaged Lappet hook. which will create end breaks and Hairiness. For specific issues. It also has to be centered and aligned properly. Separator is damaged. This will help to achieve lesser Friction which indeed lesser heat dissipation. Roller lapping will occur because of • Fibre quality • Room climate • Improper clearer rollers • Damaged aprons • • Drafting zone setting has to be optimized based on the length of fibres. it has to be controlled. Travellers and spindles can be tried to achieve higher speeds. Uncleared Lappet hook Flycatcher. Proper selection and Maintenance of Drafting Zone • • Top roller Damages and bottom Improper Suction will create roller lapping. Gradual Increase in speed. Plastic tubes and Anti balloon Rings has to be replaced. Higher length tubes will touch the yarn at bottom stage.Multiple Breaks will occur when • • • • • • Traveller is too light. Improper ring traveller combination. New Generation rings. Capability of Ring Frame in achieving the given spindle speed • • • • • • Improper combination of ring dia and lift. our application engineers are always available.

Reduced flange width of the ring 2. If Ring Traveller used is too light a. 19 . If the Center of gravity is higher for the required speed. 4. If the setting between Traveller clearer and Traveller is too close. This leads to extreme wear out and finally the traveller breaks and flies. 7. Cop content is more than recommended 6. b.3 mm between Traveller-toTraveller Clearer. Hence traveller fly occurs.Ring Traveller contact area is close to the toe portion of the traveller. 3. Ring Traveller contact area is very small (Point Contact). the traveller will hit the clearer & fly. there is a chance that Traveller has an unstable running.2 to 0.Improper weight to the spinning tension. Lesser winding length results in faster movement of ring rails. 5. Increase the winding length with respect to count and spindle speed. It leads to traveller fly. Traveller clearer setting should be 0. Hence there is a chance of Traveller fly.Traveller Fly Traveller fly can occur due to the following reasons 1. Hence go for a low bow height traveller.

h e n c e u s e h e a v i e r Travellers. 20 . Balloon diameter will be more. hence use lighter Travellers. the yarn tension will be more. LARGER RING DIAMETER ( FOR SAME LIFT) • Larger Balloon . FOR BETTER FIBRE LUBRICATION (COTTON) • Use Heavier Travellers • When the yarn contact area and ring contact area in Travellers is closer.Use Lighter Travellers • When the ring Diameter is less. the yarn tension will be less. This leads to more yarn tension.Use Heavier Travellers • When the ring Diameter is high. hence use Heavier Travellers. SHORT TUBE LENGTH (FOR SAME RING DIA) • Short Balloon Length . Fi b r e Lu b r i c a t i o n i s b e t t e r e s p e c i a l l y i n c o t t o n . LONG TUBE LENGTH ( FOR SAME RING DIA) • Longer Balloon Length . hence use lighter Travellers.Use Heavier Travellers • When the tube length is long. This leads to less yarn tension and Balloon touches the separator. hence use heavier Travellers.CHOICE OF RIGHT TRAVELLERS General Recommendations SMALLER RING DIAMETER FOR SAME LIFT) ( • Small Balloon . Balloon Diameter will be small.Use Lighter Travellers • When the tube length is short.

It helps for better yarn elongation. For this. use Heavier Travellers FOR LESSER YARN HAIRINESS • Use Heavier Travellers • Heavier Travellers yarn surface. FOR NEW RINGS • Use Lighter Travellers • To avoid end breakages by reducing the yarn tension. FOR RUNNING . FOR OLDER RINGS • Use Heavier Travellers • To avoid Bigger Balloon. will helps to avoid fibres coming out to the FOR BETTER YARN ELONGATION • Use Lighter Travellers • When using Lighter Travellers. • The center of gravity should be as low as possible for stable running of Traveller.in the end Breakage should be kept to a minimum.FOR HIGHER SPINDLE SPEEDS • Use Lighter Travellers • For Higher Speeds Lighter Travellers give lesser yarn tension • Low Bow Height Travellers with adequate yarn clearance. yarn stretch will be less. use lighter Travellers.IN • Use Only Non-coated Travellers • During Running . 21 . use low bow height Travellers.

LRT QUICKFIX LRT Quickfix Advantage Quicker & easier setting of Traveller No Traveller deformation Reduced danger of damage of Ring surface Lower ends down rate Reduced idling time for machines Complete elimination of Traveller Losses LRT Quickfix schedule of types 16/0 .8 22 .

LRT EXTRACT LRT Extract Advantage 100% Collection of Travellers without spilling on the floor No damage to the Ring surface Quick removal of Travellers No strain for fingers 23 22 .

FR1 Advantages Light weight Ergonomically designed handle for easy handling Increased RPM Serrations in the plastic tip for better fluff removal Dynamically Balanced Made of wear resistance material for longer life 24 22 .FLUFF REMOVER .

FLUFF REMOVER .FR2 Advantages Light weight Ergonomically designed handle for easy handling Increased RPM Serrations in the plastic tip for better fluff removal Dynamically Balanced Made of wear resistance material for longer life 25 22 .

160-250 100-140 71-100 50-80 45-71 35.5-50 23. 200-280 125-180 95-125 90-112 63-90 50-71 45-63 28-45 23.5-16 10-14 9-12.6 19.8 8.5 20-28 18-25 16-22.1 10. 12-16 8-11 5-8 4-7 1-4 2/0-2 3/0-1 7/0-3/0 9/0-6/0 11/0-7/0 12/0-8/0 14/0-10/0 16/0-12/0 Traveller Wt.5-56 31.1-9 Synthetics & Blends Traveller No.4 14-18 12.4 14-18 26 .4 6.7 9.9 Nm 14 20 30 34 41 51 58 68 76 93 102 119 135 152 169 203 Traveller Number Cotton Traveller No.SPINNING WITH FLANGE TRAVELLERS Relationship of yarn count to Traveller number Yarn Count Ne 8 12 18 20 24 30 34 40 45 55 60 70 80 90 100 120 TEX 73.4 7.6 5.6-31.5 24.6 16-22.2 32.8 49.8 13.7 17.4 14.6-35.5 7.5 20-25 17-23.8 29.9 4. 10-14 6-9 2-6 2/0-3 3/0-2 5/0-1/0 6/0-2/0 9/0-5/0 11/0-8/0 13/0-9/0 14/0-10/0 16/0-12/0 18/0-14/0 20/0 22/0-18/0 26/0-22/0 Traveller Wt.

ply 3 .ply 4 .ply 27 .TWISTING / DOUBLING WITH FLANGE TRAVELLERS Relationship of ply yarn count to Traveller number Single Yarn Count 2 .

5 16 17 18 19 20 22.5 35.8 375 378 391 400 404 400 425 431 444 415 425 450 460 475 414.2 90.2 48.2 14.4 23.1 22.1 311.4 48.1 298.2 14 15 16 17 18 20 22.6 149.6 25 28 31.6 18.6 23.8 233.4 23.2 17.6 16.5 29.0 35.3 7.4 213.3 13.2 12.6 38.7 8.0 324.3 22.3 14.1 39.6 51.4 24.0 362.5 30.8 401.8 25.0 168.7 14.1 8 9 10 11.1 11.7 440.5 40 45 50 56 63 71 80 6.9 375.0 13.TRAVELLER WEIGHT COMPARISON TABLE* Traveller weight per 1000 Travellers in gram Traveller No.2 32.5 30 31.0 21.9 12.8 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 90 95 100 112 125 140 160 180 200 224 250 265 280 300 315 335 355 89 95 109 122 136 154 175 204 224 244 264 283 280 311 324 335 355 364 85 95 106 112 125 140 160 180 200 224 236 250 265 280 300 315 325 335 355 375 385 84.1 8 9 10 11.5 10.5 13.6 450 457 472 475 485 * Subject to change based on Manufacturer Recommendation 28 .8 8.5 27.7 103.2 35.3 252.6 129.8 388.4 16.7 116.7 427. Lakshmi / Bracker Kanai R&F CARTER 28/0 26/0 24/0 22/0 20/0 19/0 18/0 17/0 16/0 15/0 14/0 13/0 12/0 11/0 10/0 9/0 8/0 7/0 6/0 5/0 4/0 3/0 2/0 1/0 1 2 3 6.0 350.5 35. Lakshmi / Bracker Kanai R&F CARTER Traveller No.8 58.2 74 81 5 6 7.3 77.3 64.2 12.1 45.6 26.9 42.8 19.6 4.5 40 45 50 60 71 80 1.8 34.4 21.8 32.6 453.6 466.3 42.7 24.1 9.3 20.8 71.6 62.7 272 285.5 194.3 54.8 26.0 337.5 15.8 13.2 30.

NUMBERING SYSTEMS FOR YARN Yarn count comparison chart (rounded figures) ENGLISH COUNT (Ne) 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 19 20 24 26 28 30 36 40 48 50 55 60 65 70 80 90 100 110 120 150 180 WOOLEN (Ne) 20 23 26 30 33 36 39 43 46 56 59 62 66 79 85 92 98 118 131 157 164 180 197 213 230 262 METRIC COUNT (Nm) 10 12 14 15 17 19 20 22 24 29 30 32 34 41 44 47 51 61 68 82 85 93 102 110 119 135 152 169 186 203 254 305 TEX 98 84 74 66 59 54 49 45 42 35 33 31 30 25 23 21 20 16 15 12 12 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 5 5 4 3 DENIER 885 759 664 590 531 483 443 408 379 312 295 279 266 221 204 190 177 148 133 111 106 97 89 82 76 66 59 53 48 44 35 30 29 .

NUMBERING SYSTEMS FOR YARN CONVERSION FORMULA Direct system Mass per Unit Length i. of gram units in 9000 meter of yarn Tex : No. of 1000 mts. of mass units in length of the yarn Denier : . of gram units in 1000 meter of yarn. In 1 kg yarn. Conversion formula 30 .No. No. No. of 840 yards in 1 lb yarn Nm : No.e.e. of length units in unit mass Ne : No. Indirect system Length per Unit Mass i.

TRAVELLER SPEEDS/PERFORMANCE CALCULATIONS TRAVELLER SPEEDS / PERFORMANCE CALCULATIONS Performance calculations 31 .

625 x front roller speed in mpm x Machine Efficiency (%) 100 Simplex Production per spindle per 8 hours in kgs 7.2 x Spindle Speed x Machine Efficiency (%) TPI x Resultant Count x 100 Resultant Count = Single yarn count No.2 x Spindle Speed x Machine Efficiency (%) TPI x Count x 100 Ring Doubling Production per spindle per 8 hours in gms 7.General Calculations* Blow Room Cleaning efficiency % in Blow room % trash in cotton . of Ply Two for one Twister Production per spindle per 8 hours in gms 7.2 x Spindle Speed x 2 x Machine Efficiency TPI x Resultant Count x 100 X 100 32 .2 x Spindle Speed x Machine Efficiency (%) TPI x Roving Hank x 100000 Spinning Production per spindle per 8 hours in gms 7.% trash in lap % trash in cotton Draw Frame Production per delivery per 8 hours shift = 0.

2. Doubling and TFO Post Spinning and Inspection room Good 50 70 100 150 Average 40 50 75 100 Poor <25 <40 <60 <60 Relative Humidity and Temperature for Different Departments** (Cotton Spinning) Department Mixing Blow room Carding Preparatory Ring Frame Winding R. The yarn content for man made fibres and blended yarns are roughly 8% more than those for cotton yarns for comparable spindle lifts & ring diameters. = 3 x L x D 2 1000 L = Lift in inches D = Full Bobbin Diameter in inches 2 Can Measurements in inches Standards to be maintained in mills Illumination levels required in LUX Department Blow room.Centigrade F .Cop Content Calculation 1. Humidification plants and packing Preparatory Spinning. C . Yarn content per cop in Ring Spinning for given spindle lift and Ring Diameter.H.5 x can height x can diameter 1000 3.% 60-50 50-55 50-60 60-65 0 C 0 F 27-35 27-35 27-35 27-32 80-95 80-95 80-95 80-90 ** About 5% higher RH% than that for cotton spinning is to be maintained while spinning blended yarns. Silver content per can in Draw frames: 1.25 x L x D grams L = Lift in Inches D = Ring Diameter in inches b.Fahrenheit * Source . Roving content in Kgs.Sitra norms 2004 33 . 2 3. a.

22/0 U1 C1 U1 C1 FLANGE 1 CR/AW U1 C1 U1 C1 EM1/EP1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1 C! EM1/EP1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML/EL1 EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML/EL1 EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML/EL1 EL1/U1 UL EL1/U1 UL EL1/U1 UL EL1/U1 UL EL1/U1 UL EL1/U1 UL FLANGE 2 Normal *C2/H2/P2 *C2/H2/P2 *C2/H2/P2 H2/P2/U2 UM M2/H2/U2 UM M2/U2 UM - CR/AW *C2/EH2/EP2 *C2/EH2/EP2 *C2/EH2/EP2 EH2/EP2/U2 UM EM2/EH2/U2 UM EM2/U2 UM - M1/P1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U! C! M1/P1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 M1/U1 UM/U1 ML M1/U1 UM/U1 ML M1/U1 UM/U1 ML/L1 M1/U1 UM/U1 ML/L1 M1/U1 UM/U1 ML/L1 L1/U1 UL L1/U1 UL L1/U1 UL L1/U1 UL L1/U1 UL L1/U1 UL TRAVELLER SELECTION FOR SYNTHETICS Count NE 8 12 18 20 24 30 34 40 45 55 60 70 80 Traveller Number 12 .5/0 11/0 .3/0 9/0 . HWO(UDR) for cotton.1/0 6/0 .10/0 16/0 . U1CL UDR for compact spinning You may select the Traveller number / type as per your mill conditions.2 5/0 . For assistance.3 3/0 . please contact LRT NOTE: Guidelines for Traveller selection are specified based on our experience. synthetic and blends * C2 Traveller are supplied in only flat cross section.8/0 13/0 .6/0 11/0 .12/0 FLANGE 1 Normal U1 C1 M1/P1/U1 UM M1/P1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 M1/P1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 M1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 M1/U1 UM/U1 ML M1/U1 UM/U1 ML M1/U1 UM/U1 ML M1/U1 UM/U1 ML M1/U1 UM L1/U1 UL L1/U1 UL FLANGE 2 CR/AW Normal *C2/H2/P2 *C2/H2/P2 *C2/H2/P2 H2/P2/U2 UM M2/H2/U2 UM M2/U2 UM - CR/AW *C2/EH2/EP2 *C2/EH2/EP2 *C2/EH2/EP2 EH2/EP2/U2 UM EM2/EH2/U2 UM EM2/U2 UM - U1 C1 EM1/EP1/U1 UM EM1/EP1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 EM1/EP1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML/U1C1 EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML EM1/U1 UM/U1 ML EM1/U1 UM EL1/U1 UL EL1/U1 UL HO(DR ) for synthetic fibers and blends. 34 .1 7/0 .2/0 9/0 .16/0 22/0 .16 8 .2 3/0 .14/0 20/0 .11 5-8 4-7 1-4 2/0 .10/0 16/0 .7/0 12/0 .9/0 14/0 .RING TRAVELLER RECOMMENDATIONS TRAVELLER SELECTION FOR COTTON : Count NE 8 12 18 20 24 30 34 40 45 55 60 70 80 90 100 120 Traveller Number Normal 10 . .14 6-9 2-6 2/0 .8/0 14/0 .12/0 18/0 .18/0 26/0 .

Heel 0 6. woolen and heavy doubling on vertical rings. Position of yarn path 0 4.J SHAPED VERTICAL RING TRAVELLER J . Toe angle 35 . Vertical rings Based on the ring profile and ring Height the Traveller will be selected.SHAPED TRAVELLERS Vertical Travellers are being used to spin acrylics. worsted. PARTS OF J SHAPED RINGS AND TRAVELLERS 0 1. Inner height 0 9. Nose angle 12. Head 0 3. Presently two types of Vertical rings are available.1 mm.1 mm and 11. 1. Foot width 11. Toe 0 8. Foot 0 7. Conical rings 2. LRT is supplying Ring Travellers for the ring heights of 9. Head width 10. Back 0 5. Nose 0 2.

Traveller center of gravity yarn tension .centrifugal force acting on the Traveller (resultant of Fn +Fd) .normal force.resultant of the yarn tension . which pulls the Traveller downwards Traveller Contact And Its Impact On Traveller Wear out Worn-out Position Traveller weight Suggestions 36 .reacting force.FORCES ON RINGS . which presses the Traveller against the raceway .J SHAPED TRAVELLER G TTR Fc Fn Fd .

RING TRAVELLER TYPES .J SHAPED TRAVELLER Ring Depth in mm (inch) Type Traveller Back Recommended Ring raceway Application Range Round wire section For processing wool and synthetics. 37 .

Traveller Weight for 1000 pcs 38 . Lakshmi no. Wt.6 22.2 20 18 R+F 560 450 355 250 180 150 132 112 90 75 60 50 40 33.2 20 18 Eadie Kanai 300 270 240 210 180 150 135 120 105 90 75 68 61 54 47 40 36 32 28 24 20 450 355 250 170 140 125 118 95 75 63 50 40 33 28 25 TRAVELLER RECOMMENDATION . 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Lakshmi / Bracker 560 450 355 250 180 160 125 112 90 71 63 50 40 31.5 28 25 23.J SHAPED TRAVELLER Nm Ne (worsted) Trav.4 21.5 23.5 30 26.4 21.WEIGHT CHART OF J SHAPED RING TRAVELLERS ISO No.6 22.

Kamaraj Road Coimbatore . 2223792. Office : 34-A.WORLD WIDE 39 .2223791.com Website : www. Phone : 0422 . 2223793 Fax : 0422 .641 018.2223790 E-mail : info@lrtltd. India.lrtindia.com SPINNING QUALITY .[ WORLD WIDE ] LAKSHMI RING TRAVELLERS (COIMBATORE) LIMITED Regd.

Name. Company Designation 40 IMPORTANT NOTES .