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Why does a speaker move and how is that related to sound?

As we have seen sound graphed, the action of the wave is in an up and down motion on our axes and the amplitude changes over time, hence changes in what we hear. The motion of a speaker is backwards and forwards so our wave signal is transformed into a varying electrical signal that in turn causes our speaker to move backwards and forwards generating our favourite song.

The graphed up and down motion is transferred to a forwards and backwards movement in the speaker. (turn the graph on its side) The changing intensity in the signal from our amplifier (music) creates a changing magnetic field in our voice coil (an electromagnet effect) which in turn repels or attracts the voice coil to the speaker magnet resulting in a tendency to move towards or away from the magnet with proportionate force. Small signal = small movement, large signal = large movement.