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Viet Nam Water Action: Development of Central Water Supply System in Rural Areas in Viet Nam

Viet Nam Water Action: Development of Central Water Supply System in Rural Areas in Viet Nam

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Published by: adbwaterforall on Oct 11, 2012
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Country Water Actions

Country water actions are stories that showcase water reforms undertaken by individuals, communities, organizations, and governments in Asia-Pacific countries and elsewhere.

Viet Nam: Development of Central Water Supply System in Rural Areas in Viet Nam

BACKGROUND About 80% of Vietnamese people earn their living from agriculture. As such, the development of water supply systems in rural areas plays a very important role in improving the quality of life of the people. Different kinds of central water supply works have been developed quickly over the last decade, and approximately 45% of district towns now have such systems. In the process, a number of gains have been achieved, among them the mobilization of investment capital, particularly from inhabitants, and increased participation of communities, local authorities and mass organizations in the development, management and operation of the central water supply system.

PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS IN RURAL AREAS By 2010, the government envisions most of its towns as efficiently operating its own central water supply systems. This will mean facing up to many challenges, not least of which are the need for higher investments, better systems and qualified personnel for operation and maintenance of water supply systems, more comprehensive awareness programs to ensure stakeholder participation, and more. The government recognizes that such a vision will require the following: Better state management to create favorable conditions for the development of the central water supply systems Improved policies and procedures for investment generation and mobilization Human resources training and development for the staff of the central water supply systems Application of the appropriate technology

_______________________________ *This article was first published online at ADB's Water for All website in 2002: http://www.adb.org/water/actions/VIE/central_water_supply.asp. The Country Water Action series was developed to showcase reforms and good practices in the water sector undertaken by ADB’s member countries. It offers a mix of experience and insights from projects funded by ADB and those undertaken directly by civil society, local governments, the private sector, media, and the academe. The Country Water Actions are regularly featured in ADB’s Water for All News, which covers water sector developments in the Asia and Pacific region.

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