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Automotive Computer Controlled Systems

Automotive Computer Controlled Systems

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Published by Enrique Juan Cancio

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Published by: Enrique Juan Cancio on Oct 12, 2012
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07/04/2015

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Variable-capacitance type

Figure 5.23 gives an indication of the principle of operation of the variable-
capacitance type of MAP sensor.

Fig. 5.23 Principle of a capacitive-type MAP sensor

Capacitance C D eo A/d, where eo D permittivity in a vacuum, A D area of
the metallized plates and d D the distance between the plates. The metal-
lized plates of the capacitor are placed on each side of an evacuated capsule.
This capsule is placed in a chamber which is connected to manifold pressure
and, as the manifold pressure changes, the distance d between the capacitor
plates changes. This change in distance between the capacitor plates causes
the value of the capacitance C to change. The capacitor is connected into
an electronic circuit that converts changes in capacitance into an electrical
signal.

130 Sensors

Variable-inductance type

The variable-inductance type of MAP sensor relies on the principle that the
inductance of a coil is altered by varying the position of an iron cylinder placed in
the center of the coil. Figure 5.24 illustrates the principle involved.

Fig. 5.24 Variable inductance-type MAP Sensor

In this simplified version, the iron cylinder moves in or out of the coil under the
influence of the diaphragm and spring. Variations in manifold absolute pressure
increase or decrease the ‘suction’ force acting on the diaphragm and the resultant
changes in inductance are related to the manifold absolute pressure. The coil
(inductance) forms part of an electronic circuit and this circuit is designed so that
the changes in frequency of the square-wave output are accurate representations
of manifold absolute pressure.
Figure 5.25 shows the approximate form of the variable frequency output of

sensors of this type.

As with all vehicle systems, it is vitally important to have access to the precise
figures and data that relate to the system and vehicle being worked on. The
information given here is intended as a guide to general principles. In many cases
the suppliers and makers of diagnostic equipment will provide a back-up service
that will provide test data for a wide range of vehicles and systems. This is a factor
thatmustbeconsideredwhenmakingdecisionsaboutthepurchaseofequipment.

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