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Sifaat AsSalaat AnNabee - Daiva Pravakta Namaz Swaroopam Book - Shaykh Albanee

Sifaat AsSalaat AnNabee - Daiva Pravakta Namaz Swaroopam Book - Shaykh Albanee

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Published by Telugu_Islam
Sifaat AsSalaat AnNabee - Daiva Pravakta Namaz Swaroopam Book - Shaykh Albanee
Sifaat AsSalaat AnNabee - Daiva Pravakta Namaz Swaroopam Book - Shaykh Albanee

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Published by: Telugu_Islam on Oct 12, 2012
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06/26/2015

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^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
#=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO
`«H©ƒ~ü #∞O_ç `«ã‘¡"£∞ =~°‰õΩ - g∞~°∞ K«∂ã¨∞Î#fl@∞¡

(ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla)

„ѨHÍâ◊‰õΩÅ∞

JÖò Jã¨~ü W™ê¡q∞H± ãà O@~ü
ѨÙ~åx ǨÏ"Õe, ÃÇ·Ï^Œ~åÉÏ^£-2
http://TeluguIslam.net

iv

Daiva Pravakta (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam)
Namazu Swaroopam
(Sifat-us-salatunnabi)
Author

:

Muhaddis-e-Asr Allama
Mohammad Naasiruddin Albani
(Rahimahullah)

Telugu Translator

:

Mohammad Khaleel-ur-Rahman
Kothagudem.
khaleelr1570@yahoo.co.in

First Edition

:

August 2012

Copies

:

2000

Price

: Rs.70/-

DTP & Print Supervision : Al-Baseer Graphics,
Hyderabad. Cell. 8686025002

Published by

:

Al Ather Islamic Centre
Near Masjid Ek-khana,
Purani Haveli, Hyderabad-2
Ph:040-32901219
Emial: alatherislamiccentre@gmail.com

http://TeluguIslam.net

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`«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"ÕÅ∞#∞ TѨÙ`«∂ =ÙO_»_O»
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http://TeluguIslam.net

6

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=Ù<åfl~Ú. ã¨fi`«Ç¨ QÍ PÜ«∞# "å\˜x H˘#QÆeQˆ ™È÷=∞`«#∞ JѨÙÊ_»∞ HõeyÖË~∞° .
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1.

ÃѶǨÏiãπ =∞Y∂Î`å`ü ^•~°∞Öò ‰õΩ`«∞|∞*Ï˚Ç≤ÏiÜ«∞ eÖò JÖòÉÏh - 4= ¿Ñr.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

7

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8

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ã¨=∂^è•<åÅ∞ P^è•~åÅ`À ã¨Ç¨ á⁄O^Õ"å~°∞.

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JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh „Ѩu"å~°O Ô~O_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ „Ѩã¨OyOKÕ"å~°∞. g\˜Ö’
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http://TeluguIslam.net

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

9

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"å\˜ P^è•~°OQÍ PÜ«∞##∞ JHõ¯}∞‚Oz "≥à§◊ Q˘>Ëì „Ñ¨Ü∞« `åflÅ∞ KÕã,≤ z=~°‰Ωõ
^•xÖ’ ™êѶŨ ºO ‰õÄ_® á⁄O^•~°∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë W™ê¡O [QÆ`∞« ÖÎ ’ D Ѩ^uÌŒ
KåÖÏ ã¨∞Å∞"≥#· k =∞iÜ«Ú „ѨÉÏè ==O`«"∞≥ #ÿ k ‰õÄ_®#∞. JÃÇÏ¡ ǨÏnã¨∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
1.

g\˜ q=~åÅ HÀã¨O L~°∂Ì J#∞"å^Œ „ѨuÖ’x 13= ¿Ñrx ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

10

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã¨ÅѶő â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ∞, WÖÏO\˜ ‰õΩ„@Å∞, ‰õΩ`«O„`åÅ ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞O `À<Õ JHõ¯_» rq`«O
QÆ_¿ç Ñ"å~°∞. z=iH˜ JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ^è~·≥ º° O`À, ^Œ$_è"» ∞≥ #ÿ ã¨OHõÅÊO`À ã¨ÇϨ #O
=∞iÜ«Ú Hõ$`«[`˝ åÉèÏ=O`À '=∞HõÉÎ Ï *ÏÇ≤ÏiÜ«∞— _≥=∂㨯ãπ‰Ωõ uiy =KÕÛâß~°∞.
JHõ¯_Õ PÜ«∞#, *Ï˝#O =∞iÜ«Ú J#∞„QÆÇ¨ Å `Õ*’=∞Ü«∞ ã¨∂~°∞ºxQÍ *Ï˝<åHÍâ◊OÖ’
^Œ~°≈#q∞KåÛ~°∞.
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh '*Ïq∞Ü«∂ W™ê¡q∞Ü«∞, =∞n<å =Ú#=fi~å— Ü«∞O^Œ∞ U
^Œ$HõÊ^äOŒ =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¨^`úŒ ∞« Å â◊OYO =Ó^•~À, ^•x „Ѩu^èfiŒ x WѨÊ\˜ =~°‰Ωõ
JHõ¯_» qxÑ≤ã∂¨ Î LO@∞Ok. *Ïq∞Ü«∂ H˘O`«HÍÅO =~°‰Ωõ MÏm J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H,©
ã¨=∞ã¨Î HÍ~°ºx~åfiǨωõΩ_≥#· JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , =∞m§ ^•x x~°fiǨÏ} ÉÏ^躌 `«Å#∞ Ü≥∂QÆ∞ºÖˇ#·
"åiHõÑʨ yOz ^•x =ã¨O`åxfl =∞m§ ~°ÑÊ≤ OKå_»∞.

JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh QÍi =ÚYº t+¨µºÅ∞
*Ïq∞Ü«∂ W™ê¡q∞Ü«∞, =∞n<å =Ú#=fi~å Ü«∞O^Œ∞ „ѨÑO¨ K« #Å∞=¸ÅÅ
#∞O_ç „Ñ¨[Å∞ q^•ºÉèϺã¨O HÀã¨O =ã¨∂Î LO\Ï~°∞. Hõ#∞Hõ JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh
QÍi t+¨ºQÆ}O ‰õÄ_® Z‰õΩ¯"Õ LOk.1

"åiÖ’ H˘O^Œ~∞° Ñ„ =¨ ÚY∞Å Ñ¿ ~°∞¡ ~Úq:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

¿+Mò =ÚMòaÖò a<£ Ǩk
¿+Mò ~°c a<£ Ǩk
¿+Mò J|∞ÌÖò MÏk~ü ǨÏc|∞ÖÏ¡ ã≤Okè
¿+Mò J|∞ÌÖò ~°ÇϨ =∂<£ J|∞ÌÖò MÏeMò
_®Hõ~ì ü L=∞~ü ã¨∞Öˇ=· ∂<£

JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ã≤iÜ«∂ #∞O_ç *’~°<¤ ‰£ Ωõ =Å㨠"≥à§◊ _»O
HõëêìÅ∞, ѨsHõ∆Å<Õq JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ã¨<å`«# ã¨O„Ѩ^•Ü«∞O. PÜ«∞#,
`«#∞ ~Ú+¨Ñì _¨ Õ ^•ã¨∞Å#∞ ѨsH˜™∆ êÎ_∞» . D ѨsHõÅ∆ #∞O_ç ѨÙ}Ϻ`«∞‡Å∞, „Ѩ=HõÅÎ ∞
‰õÄ_® ^Œ∂~°OQÍ LOK«|_»Ö^Ë ∞Œ . ÃÑQ· Í ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÅÎ ‰õΩ WÖÏO\˜ ѨsHõÅ∆ ∞ JO^ŒiHõ<åfl
Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ Z^Œ∞~°=Ù`å~Ú.
1.

PÜ«∞# t+¨µºÅ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ q=~°OQÍ `≥Å∞ã¨∞H˘#^ŒÅz# "å~°∞ L~°∂Ì J#∞"å^Œ „Ѩu
¿Ñr <≥O. 15 #∞O_ç 22 Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

11

ã¨ÇÏ‘ |∞MÏsÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk:

HõëêìÅ∞, ѨsHõÅ∆ ∞ JO^ŒiHõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ „Ѩ=HõÅÎ ‰õΩ Z^Œ∞~°=Ù`å~Ú. P
`«~∞° "å`« "åi "åi ™ê÷~Úx |\˜ì W`«~∞° ʼnõΩ ‰õÄ_® HõÅ∞QÆ∞`å~Ú. JO>Ë =∞x+≤ `«# ^è~Œ ‡° OÖ’ ZO`«QÍ Z^Œ∞QÆ∞`«∂ áÈ`«∞O>Ë, ^•x Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ<Õ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
J`«}˜‚ ѨsHõ∆ʼnõΩ QÆ∞iKÕ™êÎ_»∞.
Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£Ö’ ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À ~ÚÖÏ LOk:
##∞fl „¿Ñq∞OKÕ "åiÃÑ·
HõëêìÅ<Õq =~°^ÅŒ Hõ<åfl "ÕQOÆ QÍ =zÛ Ñ¨_`» å~Ú.
k=ºY∞~üP<£Ö’ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞:
''JeѶπ ÖÏ"£∞ g∞"£∞-ˆH=ÅO "Õ∞=Ú qâ◊fiã≤OKå=Ú— Jx J#flO`« =∂„`å<Õfl
"åix =^Œe"ÕÜ∞« @O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞O^Œh, "åix ѨsH˜O∆ K«@O [~°Q^Æ xŒ „Ѩ[Å∞
ÉèÏqã¨∞Î<åfl~å?——
(JÖò J<£ Hõ|∂`ü : 1 - 2)
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ D ã¨O„Ѩ^•Ü«∞O „ѨHÍ~°"∞Õ JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ã¨~Ú`«O
f„= HõëêìʼnõΩ, ѨsHõÅ∆ ‰õΩ QÆ∞iKÕÜ∞« |_®¤~∞° . ã¨`åºxfl J#∞ã¨iOz# áêáêxH˜QÍ#∞
PÜ«∞#‰õΩ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ ZÖÏO\˜ "å`å=~°}O ã≤^OúŒ KÕÜ∞« |_çO^ŒO>Ë - QÆ`º« O`«~O°
ÖËx Ѩiã≤u÷ Ö’, PÜ«∞# _≥=∂㨯ãπ#∞ =ke *’~°<¤ £ ~å[^è•x S# J=∂‡<£‰Ωõ
=Å㨠"≥à§◊ @O `«Ñʨ =∞~À =∂~°Oæ ÖËHáõ È~ÚOk. D „ѨÜ∂« }OÖ’ PÜ«∞# ^è#Œ
Ѩ~°OQÍ, P^蕺u‡Hõ Ѩ~°OQÍ Ñ¨Å∞ ~°HÍÅ #ëêìÅ#∞ Z^Œ∞~À¯=Åã≤ =zÛOk.
_≥=∂㨯ãπ Ö’x `«# ~ÚO\˜x =^Œ∞Å∞HÀ=_»O`Àáê@∞ =Å㨠„Ѩܫ∂}OÖ’
*Ï˝#Ѩ~"° ∞≥ #ÿ `«# ~°K#« Å∞ Z<Àfl =∂~°æ =∞^躌 OÖ’ =º~°"÷ ∞≥ áÿ ÈÜ«∂~Ú.
J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H,© JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh D HõëêìÅxflO\˜h ã¨ÅѶ٨ ™êûeÇ‘Ï<£Å
J_»∞QÆ∞*Ï_»Ö’¡ #_»∞ã¨∂Î ZO`À FÑ≤QÍæ Éèií OKå~°∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi, Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Å∞ ™ê=∂#º
=∞Ü«∂ºHõ, ZѨÊ\˜ÖψQ ã¨`º« ^è~Œ ‡° ¿ã=Ö’ =ÚxyáÈÜ«∂~°∞. *’~°<¤ £ KÕ~∞° ‰õΩ#fl
`«~åfi`«- =ºHõOÎ KÕÜ∞« ÖËx H˘xfl HÍ~°}ÏÅ =¸ÅOQÍ J`«ºO`« xâ◊|`ú #« ∞ áê\˜ã∂¨ ,Î

12

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ѨÓiÎ J„Ѩ=∞`«`Î `« À _≥=∂㨯ãπ g∞^Œ∞QÍ ~å„u pHõ\ Ö˜ ’ c~°∂\ò "≥àϧeû =zÛOk.
JHõ¯_» H˘O`« HÍÅO QÆ_Ñç #≤ `«~åfi`« |Å=O`«OQÍ =∞m§ Zq∞ˆ~\òû ~å"åeû
=zÛOk. Zq∞ˆ~\òû „Ѩ[Å∞ ã¨fi`«Ç¨QÍ ¿ãflÇ¨Ï ã¨fiÉèÏ=ÙÅ∞. PÜ«∞##∞ "å~°∞
™ê^Œ~O° QÍ PǨfixOz â◊~}
° ∞ ~Ú=fi_»O`Àáê@∞, JÖÏ¡=∂ ~åHõ#∞ `«=∞ H˘~°‰Ωõ
J^Œ$+¨Oì QÍ ÉèÏqOz, ^˘iH˜# J=HÍâßxfl ã¨kfixÜ≥∂QÆO KÕã∞¨ H˘x, *Ï˝# „¿Ñq∞‰õΩÅ∞
JÖÏ¡=∂ K«∞@∞ì KÕi `«=∞ *Ï˝<å~°<˚ å ^•Ç¨xfl f~°∞ÛHÀ™êQÍ~°∞. QÆÖòÊÖù ’x W`«~°
^ÕâßÅÖ’ D "å~°Î KÕ~ˆ ã¨iH˜, PÜ«∂ ^ÕâßÅ #∞O_ç JÖÏ¡=∂#∞ ^Œi≈Oz, PÜ«∞#
ǨÏnã¨∞ *Ï˝#O =∞iÜ«Ú É’^è<Œ å J#∞Éè"í åÅ ^•fi~å „Ñ¨Ü∂≥ [#O á⁄O^Œ_®xH˜
PÜ«∞# „¿Ñq∞‰õΩÅ [#ã¨O„^ŒO Z_»`~≥ ‰° Ωõ ¯O_® PÜ«∞# =^Œ‰Ì Ωõ =zÛ Ñ¨_Oç k.
„Ѩ[ÅO^Œ~∂° ZO`À Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ PÜ«∞# *Ï˝<åxfl, Ç≤Ï`«É’^èÅŒ #∞, „Ѩ=K«<åÅ#∞
á⁄O^•~°∞. Zq∞ˆ~\òûÖ’ =Ù#flѨÙÊ_»∞ 1402 Ç≤Ï.Ö’ JÖÏ¡=∂ ‰õΩ"≥\· ò‰Ωõ „ѨÜ∂« }=∞~Ú
JHõ¯_» Z<Àfl „#Ѩã¨OQÍÅ∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩâ’fl`«Î~åÅ Z<Àfl ã¨^Œã¨∞ûÅ#∞
x~°fiÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi JHõ¯_ç #∞O_ç Y`«~ü "≥àϧ~°∞. JHõ¯_» PÜ«∞#, `«##∞
~Ú+¨ìѨ_Õ H˘O^Œ~°∞ LÅ=∂Å#∞ Hõe™ê~°∞. "å~°∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ZO`À ^è≥·~åºxfl
~ÚKåÛ~°∞.

*Ï˝# ã¿ =Å∞
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ǨÏnã¨∞*Ï˝# ¿ã=HÀã¨O `«# rq`å<Õfl ^è•~°áÈâß~°∞
=∞iÜ«Ú ^•^•Ñ¨Ù 60 ã¨O=`«û~åÅ #∞O_ç *Ï˝#=O`«"∞≥ #ÿ ~°K#« Å∞, J<Õfi+¨}Ï
HÍ~åºÅÖ’ L<åfl~°∞. PÜ«∞# ^Œ$+≤ì KåÖÏ qâßÅ"≥∞ÿ#k. D HÍÅOÖ’, D
~°OQÆ=∞O^Œ∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ™ê\˜ =∞~˘Hõ~∞° ÖË~∞° . PÜ«∞# qq^èŒ q+¨Ü∂« ÅÃÑ· Z<Àfl
ѨÙã¨HÎ ÍÅ∞ ~°zOKå~°∞.1 "å\˜Ö’ H˘xfl ~Úq:
1) W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò
2) ã≤ÖòãÅ≤ `«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏǨÏ
3) ã≤ÖòãÅ≤ `«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ J[˚~¸Ñ¶¨
4) ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#flc
5) `«„v*ò H˜`åÉò q∞ëê¯`«∞Öò =∞™êa
1.

PÜ«∞# ~°zOz# ѨÙã¨ÎHÍŠѨÓiÎ q=~åÅ HÀã¨O L~°∂Ì J#∞"å^Œ „ѨuÖ’ ¿Ñr <≥O.24
#∞O_ç 33 Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

6)
7)
8)
9)

13

ã¨ÇÏ‘ ui‡l
ã¨ÇÏ‘ J|∂^•=Ó^£
ã¨ÇÏ‘ #™ê~Ú
ã¨ÇÏ‘ Wɡfl=∂*Ï

JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh QÍi ''W`«~°∞ʼnõΩ <åºÜ«∞O KÕ‰õÄ~åÛÅ#fl QÆ∞}O——
=∞iÜ«Ú =Úã≤O¡ [QÆ`∞« ÖÎ ’ PÜ«∞# [# Ñ„ u‘
`«ÑÙ¨ Ê KÕÜ∞« _»=∞<Õk =∂#= ÅHõ}∆ O - WO^Œ∞Ö’ Pâ◊Û~°ºÑ¨_=» Åã≤# q+¨Ü∞«
"Õ∞n =ÙO_»^∞Œ . HÍh, Pâ◊Û~°ºO HõeyOKÕ q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë-`«# `«ÑÙ¨ Ê#∞ QÆ∞iOz
`≥eã≤# `«~åfi`« ‰õÄ_® XHõ =ºH˜Î ^•xÃÑ<· Õ ã≤~÷ O° QÍ LO_»_O» . ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) „Ѩ=K«#O ~ÚÖÏ LOk:
P^Œ"∞£ ã¨O`«u JO`å `«ÑÙ¨ Ê KÕ¿ã"åˆ~ - J~Ú`Õ, `«# `«ÑÙ¨ ÊÃÑ· ѨâßÛ`åÎÑO¨
K≥O^Õ"å_Õ "åiÖ’ L`«=Î Ú_»∞.1
D HÍÅO <å\˜ JO^è•#∞ã¨~°} KÕ¿ã"åix, ^Œ∞~°aè=∂#∞Å#∞, "åi
`«ÑÙ¨ ÊÅ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ ZO`« ÃÇÏK«ÛiOz<å "å\˜x XѨÙÊHÀ=_®xH˜ `«Ü∂« ~°∞HÍ~°∞.
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh =∂„`«O nxH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ - W`«~°∞Å `«Ñ¨ÙÊÅ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ
q=∞i≈OK«_O» Ö’ ZÖÏÔQ`· Õ =∞$^Œ∞`«fiO „Ѩ^iŒ ≈OK«~À, J^Õ q^èOŒ QÍ W`«~∞° Å∞ PÜ«∞#
`«ÑÙ¨ ÊÅ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ J„Ѩ=∞`«OÎ KÕã#≤ ѨÙÊ_»∞ ÖË^• ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ `«<Õ P `«ÑÙ¨ ÊÅ#∞
QÆ∂iÛ `≥Å∞ã¨∞‰õΩ#flѨÙÊ_»∞, "å\˜x ã‘fiHõiOK«_®xH˜ ‰õÄ_® ZѨÙÊ_»∂ "≥#∞HÍ_»~∞° .
ã¨ÅѶ٨ ™êûeÇ‘Ï<£Å Ѩ^uúŒ ‰õÄ_® WÖψQ =ÙO_Õk. ™œjź`«, Ѩq„`«`Å« ‰õΩ ‰õÄ_®
W^Õ J#∞=ÙQÍ LOk. `«^#Œ ∞QÆ∞}OQÍ<Õ - W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
D q^èOŒ QÍ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: Z=iÔH`· Õ =∂ P^è•~åÅ *Ï˝#O ÖË^À, "åiH˜ =∂
„Ѩ=K«<åÅ ^•fi~å Ѷ`¨ åfi (^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞Ê)~Ú=fi_»O x¿+^èOŒ . ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - "Õ∞=Ú
=∂#= =∂„`«∞ÅO - D ~ÀA XHõ Ѷ`¨ åfi ~Ú™êÎO, ~ˆ Ѩ٠^•xx =keÃÑ_»`åO.2
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ã¨`º« ã‘fiHõ~}
° ‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# H˘xfl L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å#∞
áê~ Ωõ Å HÀã¨O ~ÚHõ¯_» K«iÛOK«_O» ã¨||∞QÍ JxÑ≤™ÈÎOk.
1.
2.

ǨÏã¨<£ ǨÏnã¨∞ - *Ï"≥∞ ã¨w~ü - 4515, JǨχ^£, ui‡l, ǨH˜O - J#ãπ ^•fi~å
LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk.
ѨÙã¨ÎHõO ¿Ñr <≥O.44#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

14

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`«# ѨÙã¨ÎHõO 'ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#flc— LáÈ^•…`«OÖ’1 JÖÏ¡=∂ `«∞gls
~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ QÍi q=∞~°≈Å#∞ YO_çOz# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
''PY~°∞QÍ <Õ#∞ JOwHõiOKÕ q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ¿+Mò `«∞gls <åÅ∞QÆ∞ q+¨Ü∂«
ÅÖ’ ã¨`º« OÃÑ· =Ù<åfl~°∞.——
1) `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ ^Œ∞PÖ’x '=∂ã¨"∞£ = =∞„QÆ"∞£ — Ü≥ÚHõ¯ qâı+¡ }
¨ Ö’
2) ''W™ê¡O Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ju ÃÑ^ŒÌ =¸Å ã¨O÷ ÉèOí #=∂*ò—— J<Õ q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’
3) ''=+¨¬~ü Öˇ·ã¨ WÖˇ·Hõ—— Ü≥ÚHõ¯ qâı¡+¨}Ö’
4) W|∞flÖò Jãπ~"° ∞£ H͉õΩO_® JÖò Jãπ~"° ∞£ J<Õ q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ <Õ#∞ (JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh) D <åÅ∞QÆ∞ q+¨Ü∂« ÅÖ’ <å Jaè„áê
Ü«∂xfl `«ºlOz ¿+Mò `«∞g[s Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl ã‘fiHõiã¨∞<Î åfl#∞.
(=∞ixfl L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å HÀã¨O L~°∂Ì J#∞"å^Œ „Ѩu-¿Ñr <≥O. 34 #∞O_ç
36 Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÅÆ ~°∞.)

JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh XHõ J™ê^è•~°} K«~‰Û° Ωõ ÖË HÍHõ `«H}∆õ ["å|∞ ~Ú=fiQÆÅ
ѨO_ç`«∞Å∞
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏhH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ѨÅ∞ ~°HÍÅ *Ï˝<åxfl Xã¨Q_Æ "» ∞Õ HÍHõ ™ê\˜ÖxË
`«H}
∆õ ["å|∞ ~Ú=fiQÆÅ *Ï˝# ã¨OѨ^#Œ ∞ ‰õÄ_® J#∞„QÆÇÏ≤ OKå_»∞. K«iÛOK«_O»
q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ D HÍÅOÖ’ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ™ê\˜ =∞~˘Hõ~∞° ~å~°∞. JÖÏ¡=∂`À K«iÛOz#
"åÔ~=Ô~<· å, P ~°OQÆOÖ’ "å~°∞ xëê‚`∞« Öˇ#· ѨÊ\˜H© H˘kÌ xq∞ëêÅ Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ
PÜ«∞# =ÚO^Œ∞ xÅ∞=ÖËHáõ ÈÜ«∂~°∞. „Ѩ`º« i÷`À `«# =∂@Å#∞ ã‘fiHõiOѨ*Ü
Ë ∞« QÆÅ
=∞ǨÏ`«~Î ° â◊HxΘ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ J#∞„QÆÇÏ≤ OKå_»∞.
H˘kÌHÍÅO „H˜`O« =∞Hͯ Ѩ@}
ì OÖ’ XHõ ã≤iÜ«∂ "åã≤H˜ `«#∞ „Ѩ=HõQÎ Í
„ѨHõ\ ˜OK«∞HÀ"åÅ#fl |∞kú ѨÙ\˜ìOk. HÍh ™œn Jˆ~aÜ«∂Ö’ =Ù#fl qâßfiã¨
^Œ$_è`» åfixfl K«∂ã≤ ÉèÜ
í ∞« Ѩ_,ç JHõ¯}∞‚O_ç áêiáÈ~Ú `«# ã¨fi^ÕâßxH˜ =zÛ „Ѩ=HõQÎ Í
„ѨH\õ O˜ K«∞‰õΩ<åfl_»∞. 12 ã¨O=`«û~åÅ =~°‰Ωõ J`«_∞» `«# K≥_∞» #∞ "åºÑ≤OѨ*¿Ë ã
„ѨÜ∞« `«flOÖ’ L<åfl_»∞ HÍh, D =º=kèÖ’ Hˆ =ÅO J`«x ™È^Œ~∞° _»∞ `«Ñʨ =∞Ô~=~°∂
J`«}‚˜ qâ◊fiã≤OK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . XHÍ<˘Hõ ~ÀA F K«OK«Å =∞#ã¨∞¯_»∞ "å_çx JÖÏ¡=∂
1.

Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõ J~°cƒ LáÈ^•…`«O, ¿Ñr<≥O.32

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

15

JÖòÉÏh =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ fã¨∞‰õΩ=KåÛ_»∞. "å_çH,© JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏhH© =∞^躌 K«~Û°
„áê~°OÉè"í ∞≥ Oÿ k. "å_»∞ QÀÅ KÕã≤ ZÖÏQÀÖÏ JÖÏ¡=∂ÃÑ· „áê|źO á⁄O^Œ_®xH˜
â◊`q« ^è•ÖÏ „ѨÜ∞« uflOKå_»∞. HÍh "å_ç „Ñ¨Ü∞« `åflÖËg Ѷe¨ OK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . z=iH˜, qã≤y
"Õ™êi, JÖÏ¡=∂ =ÚO^Œ∞ '`«#∞ XHõ Jã¨`º« „Ѩ=Hõ#Î ∞— J#fl q+¨Ü∂« xfl XѨÙÊ
‰õΩ<åfl_»∞. `«^#Œ O`«~O° JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh J`«xH˜ H˘xfl QÆ∞}áê~îO° HõeyOKÕ
ã¨∂K«#Å∞ KÕã≤ ™êQÆ#Oáê~°∞.

JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh MϺux QÆ∂iÛ Ñ¨Å∞ LÅ=∂Å Ñ„ ⨠O◊ ã¨Å∞
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh *Ï˝# qâıëêÅ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ, ^è•i‡Hõ ѨÙ#~°∞^Œ~ú }
° ‰õΩ QÍ#∞
PÜ«∞# QÍqOz# ¿ã=Å#∞ QÆ∂iÛ, ѨÅ∞ LÅ=∂Å∞ ѨÅ∞ q^è•Å∞QÍ PÜ«∞##∞
„Ѩâ◊Oã≤OKå~°∞.1
"åiÖ’ H˘O^Œ~∞° „Ѩ=ÚY ѨO_ç`∞« Å ¿Ñ~°∞¡ ~Úq :
1) JÖÏ¡=∂ J|∞Öò ǨÏã¨<£ Lɡ^· ∞Œ ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ~°Ç¨ ‡h ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
2) ¿+Mò J|∞ÌÖò Jr*ò a<£ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ ÉÏ*ò ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ (™œn Jˆ~aÜ«∂
„Ѩ^•è # =ÚѶ)Α
3) ¿+Mò ™êÖˇÇÏπ a<£ LÃãq· ∞<£
4) ¿+Mò J|∞ÌÖò MÏk~ü ǨÏc|∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ

ǨωõΩ¯^•~°∞xH˜ ǨωõΩ¯ Ñ„ ™¨ êkOK«|_çOk
Ç≤Ï.1419 ã¨O=`«û~°O ~°=∞*Ï<£ 15-17 (JO>Ë 1999 ã¨OII [#=i
2-4 `ÕnÅ∞) `ÕnÅ =∞^躌 [iy# ã¨^㌠∞¨ ûÖ’ ''ëê ÃÑã·¶ Ö¨ ò JO`«~å˚fÜ«∞ J"å~°∞¤
Hõq∞\©—— iÜ«∂^£, JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏhH˜ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )
ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ PÜ«∞# QÍqOz# ™ê\˜ÖxË ¿ã=ʼnõΩQÍ#∞ J`«∞º#fl`« ѨÙ~°™ê¯~åxfl
~ÚzÛ Q“~°qOKå~°∞.

=∞~°}O
ǨÏnã¨∞ ~°OQÆOÖ’ JÅ∞ÃÑ~°QxÆ „â◊=∞`À `«# ã¨OѨÓ~°‚ rq`åxfl ^è•~°áÈã≤,
"å\˜ ѨÙ#~°∞^Œ~ú }° HÀã¨O rq`åO`«O áê@∞|_ç# D =∞Ǩ*Ï˝x z=~°‰Ωõ Ç≤Ï.1420
ã¨OII [=∂kÖò Pd~ü, 22= `Õn (JO>Ë - 1999 ã¨OII 2 JHÀì|~ü â◊x"å~°O
1.

JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏhx „Ѩâ◊Oã≤Oz# ѨO_ç`«∞Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú "å\˜ q=~åÅ HÀã¨O L~°∂Ì
J#∞"å^Œ „Ѩu ¿Ñr <≥O. 39 #∞O_ç 45Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

16

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

™êÜ«∞O„`«O 5-15 x.ʼnõΩ =∞„yÉò #=∂A‰õΩ H˘xfl xq∞ëêÅ =ÚO^Œ∞ D
Ö’HõO q_çz âßâ◊fi`« Ö’HÍxH˜ `«~e° "≥àϧ~°∞. (Ѷ¨ W<åfl eÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ = W<åfl W֡Ƿ Ï≤
~ålT<£)

JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ JÖÏ¡=∂#∞ Hõq∆ ∞Oz, PÜ«∞# QÍqOz# ¿ã=ʼnõΩQÍ#∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ
L`«=Î ∞ „ѨuѶ֨ Ïxfl „Ѩ™êkOz, ã¨fi~°Oæ Ö’ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ L#fl`« ™ê÷<åxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«∞
QÍHõ! (Pg∞<£)

áêiÉèÏ+≤Hõ Ѩ^OŒ QÍ '#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ xÛ° =ºH˜—Î
JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh, |Ǩïâß áê~ Ωõ Å ™œHõ~åº~°O÷ , ѨÙã¨HÎ õ JOâßÅÖ’
Hˆ =ÅO '#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ Û° x =ºH˜—Î J#fl XHõ¯ Ѩ^OŒ `«Ñʨ =∞ˆ~ áêiÉèÏ+≤Hõ
Ѩ^•xfl LѨÜ∂≥ yOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . "åã¨"Î åxH˜ D Ѩ^OŒ , Ü«∂=`«∞Î =Úã≤O¡ ã¨=∂[O
^Œ$+≤Öì ’, ZO`À MϺuQÍOz# =∞iÜ«Ú *Ï˝# `«∂HõOÖ’ ZO`À qÅ∞= á⁄Ok#
XHõ =ÚYº"≥∞#ÿ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ QÆ∂iÛ ã¨∂zã¨∞OÎ k.
D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ^è•i‡Hõ ѨO_ç`∞« Å∞ ''#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ Û° x =ºH˜Î (=Úã¨~¸
ã¨ÖÏ`ü) ǨÏnã¨∞——QÍ Ñ≤Å∞™êÎ~∞° .
D ǨÏnã¨∞, nx ã¨OѨÓ~°‚ ~°∂ѨOÖ’ U XHõ¯ LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® ÅaèOK«
#O^Œ∞#, áê~ Ωõ Å „ѨÜ∂≥ [<å~°O÷ , nx ã¨OѨÓ~°‚ ~°∂áêxfl J=ã¨~"° ∞≥ #ÿ Ѩ^*Œ ÏÅO`À
ã¨=∞iÊã¨∞<Î åflO. `«^•fi~å ѨO_ç`∞« Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ™ê=∂#º „Ѩ*ÏhHõO - giÖ’
„Ѩu XHõ¯~°∂ nx ^•fi~å „Ñ¨Ü∂≥ [#O á⁄O^ŒQÅÆ ~°x PtOK«=K«∞Û.

#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ xÛ° =ºH˜HÎ ˜ ã¨O|OkèOz# ã¨OѨÓ~°‚ ǨÏnã¨∞
~°áê¶ a<£ ~å¿Ñ¶ (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›)
Hõ^äŒ#O: XHõ~ÀA ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∞ã≤^˚ ≥
#|g Ö’ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx =Ù<åfl~°∞. "Õ∞=Ú
‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞# ^ŒQ~æÆ ° ‰õÄ~˘Ûx

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

=Ù<åflO. WO`«Ö’, ѨÖ"¡ˇ åã≤ÖÏ Hõ#|_Õ
XHõ =ºH˜Î =∞ã≤^˚ Ö£ ’H˜ „Ѩ"tÕ Oz,
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ ^ŒQÆæ~°Ö’<Õ dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ
uiy Jã¨OѨÓ~°‚ ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ`À
(~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ „ѨâßO`«OQÍ KÕÜ∞«
‰õΩO_®) ~Ô O_»∞ `ÕeHõáê\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞
ѨÓiÎ KÕâß_»∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ
=∞iÜ«Ú JHõ¯_»∞#fl "åiH˜ ã¨ÖÏO
KÕâß_»∞. ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤
= ã¨ÅO¡ ) '= JÖˇ‰· Ωõ O ã¨ÖÏO— Jx
["åazÛ, ''"≥à√◊ §, "≥o§ uiy #=∂A
KÕ~Ú, ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë #∞=Ùfi Jã¨Å∞
#=∂*Ë KÕÜ∞« ÖË^∞Œ —— - Jx P*Ï˝ÑO≤
Kå~°∞.
P =ºH˜Î uiy "≥o§, =Ú#Ѩ\ ˜ ÖψQ
=∞m§ #=∂A KÕâß_»∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )J`«}‚˜
QÆ=∞xOK«™êQÍ~°∞. HÍh P =ºH˜Î
=∂„`«O, #=∂AÖ’ `«#∞ KÕã¨∞Î#fl
á⁄~°áê@¡#∞ QÆ∂iÛ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀÖËHõ
áÈÜ«∂_»∞. #=∂A ѨÓiÎ KÕã≤ =∞m§
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨ÅO¡ )‰õΩ =∞iÜ«Ú JHõ¯_»∞#fl "åiH˜
ã¨ÖÏO KÕâß_»∞. ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) '= JÖˇ‰· Ωõ O ã¨ÖÏO—
Jx ["åazÛ '"≥à√◊ §, "≥o§ =∞m§
#=∂A KÕ~Ú, h #=∂A Jã¨Å∞

17

18

<≥~"° ~Õ Ö° ^Ë ∞Œ — Jx ѨÙ~°=∂~ÚOKå~°∞.
WÖÏ, P =ºH˜Î =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ `«#
#=∂A#∞ ѨÓiÎKâÕ ß_»∞.
(|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ )
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨ÅO¡ ) „Ѩu™ês J`«xH˜ '= JÖˇ‰· Ωõ O
ã¨ÖÏO— Jx l"åazÛ '"≥à√◊ §, "≥o§
=∞m§ #=∂A KÕ~Ú, ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
h #=∂A Jã¨Å∞ <≥~"° ~Õ Ö° ^Ë ∞Œ — Jx
ѨÙ~°=∂~ÚOKå~°∞.
(^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∂@Å∞ qx) JHõ¯_»∞#fl"å~°∞'|Ǩïâß, Z=~°~Ú`Õ `ÕeHõáê\˜
#=∂A KÕ™êÎ~À "åi #=∂A Jã¨Å∞
<≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ HÍÉ’Å∞— Jx ÉèÏqOKå~°∞.
P =ºH˜Î - <å #=∂AÖ’ JÜÕ∞º
á⁄~°áê@¡#∞ QÆ∂iÛ <Õ#∞ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀÖËHõ
áÈ`«∞<åfl#∞. g∞ÃÑ· Y∞~üP<£ „QÆO^ä•xfl
J=`«iOѨ*ãË #≤
"åx ™êH˜Q∆ Í!
<åH˜O`«H<õ åfl =∞OzQÍ #=∂A
KÕÜ∞« _»O ~å^Œ∞. <Õ#∞ <å „Ñ¨Ü∞« `«fl
=∞O`å KÕâß#∞. g∞ˆ~ <å‰õΩ K≥Ñʨ O_ç
=∞iÜ«Ú <ÕiÊOK«O_ç. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë<Õ#∞ =∂#= =∂„`«∞}˜,‚ <å ^•fi~å
`«á⁄ÊѨCÅ∞ Ô~O_»∂ [iˆQ P™ê¯~°
=ÚOk Jx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)#∞ q#flqOK«∞
‰õΩ<åfl_»∞.

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) J`«xH˜ WÖÏ Ç≤Ï`«É’^èŒ
KÕâß~°∞: ÉÏQÍ q#∞! #∞"≥fiѨÙÊ_≥·<å
#=∂A KÕÜ∂« Åx ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞‰õΩ#fl
ѨÙÊ_»∞, =∞OzQÍ =ÙE KÕ~Ú. ZO^Œ∞
HõO>Ë - JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ P^ÕtOz# ^•x
„ѨHÍ~°O - =ÙE ã¨iQÍ KÕÜ∞« #O`«
=~°‰õΩ Z=i #=∂*ò ‰õÄ_® <≥~°
"Õ~^° ∞Œ . JO>Ë - =ÙE ã¨iQÍ KÕÜ∞«
#O`«=~°‰õΩ Z=i #=∂*ò ‰õÄ_®
<≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞. JO>Ë - J`«#∞ `«#
=ÚMÏxfl, ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« Å#∞, "≥∂KÕu
H©à◊§ =~°‰õΩ Hõ_çy, `«Å#∞ Ô~O_»∞
KÕ`«∞Å`À ã¨Êi≈Oz (=∞ã¨ÇπÏ KÕã≤)
`«^∞Œ Ѩi ~Ô O_»∞ HÍà◊§#∞ pÅ=∞O_»
=~°‰Ωõ â◊√„ÉèOí KÕã∞¨ HÀ"åe.
`«^∞Œ Ѩi, J*Ï<£ ~ÚzÛ WMÏ=∞`ü
ѨÅ∞‰õΩ, dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ uiy
xÅ|_ç# `«~åfi`«, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü
Jx ѨeH˜, JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ™È΄`åxfl, Q˘Ñ¨Ê
`«<åxfl 㨇iOK«∞, `«^∞Œ Ѩi á¶êuǨ
ã¨∂~å =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x`À áê@∞
=∞ˆ~^≥<· å ѨiOî K«∞.
J|∂^•=Ó^£ Ö’x =∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’
~ÚÖÏ LOk: (á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî
z# J#O`«~°O) k=ºY∞~üP<£Ö’
#∞O_ç h‰õΩ J#∞=∞u ~Ú=fi|_ç#
^•xx, ã¨∞ÅÉè"í ∞≥ #ÿ ^•x ѨiOî K«∞.
XHõ"Õà◊ Y∞~üP<£ [˝Ñ≤Î Ü«∞O^Œ∞

19

20

ÖËHáõ È`Õ, JѨÙÊ_»∞ 'JÖòÇϨ =ÚÌeÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ,
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü,ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ —
Jx ѨÅ∞‰õΩ.
`«^∞Œ Ѩi JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü JO@∂
„ѨâßO`«OQÍ H©à◊¡hfl ‰õΩ^Œ∞@Ѩ_ç
„ѨâßO`«`« á⁄O^ÕÖÏ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕ~Ú.
~°∞‰õÄ KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ h J~°K`Õ ∞« Å#∞
"≥∂HÍà◊§ÃÑ· ÃÑ@∞ì =∞iÜ«Ú gѨÙ#∞
u#flQÍ =ÙOK«∞.
`«^Œ∞Ѩi 'ã¨q∞JÖϡǨï e=∞<£
ǨÏq∞^Œ— JO@∂ Z=ÚHõÅhfl `«=∞
`«=∞ ™ê÷<åʼnõΩ =KÕÛ q^èŒOQÍ
x\Ï~°∞QÍ xÅ|_»∞. uiy JÖÏ¡Çï¨
JHõƒ~ü Jx ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜ "≥à√◊ § =∞iÜ«Ú
h =ÚMÏxfl, #∞^Œ∞\˜x – â◊s~° H©à√◊ §
‰õΩ^Œ∞@Ѩ_ç „Ñ¨âßO`«`« á⁄O^ÕÖÏ
<ÕÅÃÑ· QÆ\ Qì˜ Í =ÙOK«∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü JO@∂ `«Å#∞ ã¨*ÏÌ
#∞O_ç ÃÑHÔ· uÎ h Ñ≤~∞° ^Œ∞ÅÃÑ· K«H¯õ QÍ
‰õÄ~ÀÛ.
J|∂^•=Ó^£ Ö’x "Õ~˘Hõ LÖËY¡ #O
Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk:
ã¨*ÏÌ #∞O_ç h=Ù `«ÅÃÑHÔ· uÎ#ѨÙÊ_»∞,
h Z_»=∞ `˘_»ÃÑ· ‰õÄ~ÀÛ. `«^∞Œ Ѩi
'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü— Jx ѨeH˜ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜
"≥o§ h =ÚMÏxfl, „Ѩu H©Å∂ ‰õΩ^Œ∞@
Ѩ_ç „Ñ¨âßO`«`« á⁄O^ÕÖÏ <ÕÅÃÑ·
=ÙOK«∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi `«Å ÃÑHÔ· uÎ 'JÖÏ¡Çï¨
JHõƒ~ü— Jx J#∞.

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

21

J|∂^•=Ó^£Ö’x WOH˘Hõ LÖËY¡ #O
Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk:
#=∂A =∞^躌 Ö’ h=Ù ‰õÄ~°∞Û#flѨÙÊ_»∞
„ѨâßO`«OQÍ h Z_»=∞ `˘_»ÃÑ·
‰õÄ~˘Ûx `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ KÕã∂¨ Î LO_»∞.
J|∂^•=Ó^£ Ö’x =∞~˘Hõ LÖËY¡ #O
Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk: `«^Œ∞Ѩi h=Ù
xÅ|_ç#ѨÙÊ_»∞, =Ú#Ѩ\ Ö˜ ψQ KÕã∂¨ Î
h #=∂A#∞ ѨÓiÎ KÕ~Ú.
WÖÏ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ #=∂*ò
K«k"Õ Ñ¨^uúŒ x `≥eÜ«∞*Ëâß~°∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi ~ÚÖÏ Ñ¨eHÍ~°∞: ~ÚHõ Z=Ô~`· Õ WÖÏ
KÕÜ∞« ~À (JO>Ë dÜ«∂ºO, ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Å£ Ö’ ѨÓiÎ „ѨâßO`«
`«#∞ `«<åxfl „Ѩ^iŒ ≈OK«‰Ωõ O_® #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« ~À) "åi #=∂*ò ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ HÍ<Õ~^° ∞Œ .
XHõ"àÕ ◊ ~ÚÖÏ KÕ¿ã,Î JѨÙÊ_»∞ "åi #=∂*ò ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ J=Ù`«∞Ok. XHõ"àÕ ◊ g\˜Ö’
U q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’<≥<· å `˘O^Œ~á° ê@∞#∞ „Ѩ^iŒ ≈¿ãÎ ^•xH˜ `«Q@
æÆ ∞ìQÍ<Õ g∞ #=∂AÖ’
`«Q∞Æ ^æ ÅŒ =ã¨∞OÎ k.

D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’ q=iOK«|_»¤ q+¨Ü∂« Å`À <Õ#∞ UH©Éqíè Oz# /
qÉèkË Oz# q+¨Ü∂« Å∞:
D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ `«# q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ ZO`À Q˘Ñ¨Êk. ã¨ÅѶπ #∞O_ç YÅѶπ =~°‰Ωõ
U ѨO_ç`∞« _»∞ ‰õÄ_® <å‰õΩ `≥eã≤#O`« =~°‰Ωõ , #=∂A Ѩ^uúŒ QÆ∞iOz, WO`«
q=~°OQÍ, P^è•~åÅ`À ã¨Ç¨ „QÆOnèHiõ OK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . D q+¨Ü∂« xfl ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ JÖÏ¡=∂
JÖòÉÏh ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ‰õÄ_® q=iOKå~°∞.1 D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’ q=iOK«|_»¤
q+¨Ü«∂ÅÖ’ ˆH=ÅO Ô~O_»∞ q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ `«Ñ¨Ê q∞QÆ`å q+¨Ü«∂ÅxflO\˜`À#∂
<Õ#∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ QÍ UH©Éqíè ™êÎ#∞.
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ q+¨Ü∞« O : `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )
=∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O, „Ѩ`«ºHõ∆ ~°∂Ѩ"≥∞ÿ#
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·Hõ
1.

ѨÙã¨ÎHõѨ٠¿Ñr <≥O.35 #∞ K«∂_»O_ç.

22

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

JܫںǨÏ#flc— ‰õΩ |^Œ∞Å∞QÍ Ñ¨~ÀHõ∆ ~°∂ѨOÖ’
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú
JÅ#flc— Jx ѨÅHõ_O» . JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú
ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∞~°}Ï#O`«~O° , `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ Ѩ~ÀHõ~∆ ∂° Ѩ"∞≥ #ÿ
JÅ#flc— Jx ѨÅHÍÅ#fl ^Œ$+≤Hì À}Ïxfl Hõey=Ù<åfl~°∞. `«# ^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}Ïx‚ ã¨=∞i÷ã∂¨ Î
Wɡfl =∞ãπT^£, PÜ≥∞ëê (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›"∞£ ) ŠǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ fã¨∞‰õΩ=KåÛ~°∞.1
`«# "å^Œ##∞ ã¨=∞i÷ã∂¨ Î W=∂"£∞ ã¨∞c¯, JÖÏ¡=∂ Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü, Yã¨ÖÎ Ïh, [~üMÏh,
J|∞ÌÖòÃÇÏ· ÅHÀflg =ÔQ~· å...ÖÏO\˜ J<Õfi+¨‰Ωõ Å ¿Ñ~°#¡ ∞ =ÚO^Œ∞OKå~°∞.2 HÍh <å
^Œ$+≤Öì ’, Hˆ =ÅO H˘xfl HÍ~°}ÏÅ =¸ÅOQÍ D ^Œ$+≤Hì À}Ïxfl ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» J<Õk
TǨωõΩ JO^Œx q+¨Ü∞« O.
nxH˜ QÆÅ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ HÍ~°}"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ QÆ∞iOz "Õ~ˆ fi~°∞ ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ
^•fi~å JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh q=iOz# P~°∞3 ~°∂áêÅÖ’x <åÅ∞QÆ∞4 ~°∂áêÅÖ’
„Ѩ`º« Hõ~∆ ∂° Ѩ"∞≥ #ÿ
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇH· õ JܫںǨÏ#flc— LÖËd¡ OK«
|_ç LOk. =∞i P #Å∞QÆ∞~°∞ ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ „Ѩ`º« Hõ∆ ~°∂áêxfl ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∞~°}Ï#O`«~"° ∞Õ LÖËd¡ ã¨∂Î =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞.
~Ô O_»= HÍ~°}"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë-L=∞~ü (~°l JÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏʼnõΩ =∞ã≤^˚ ≥
#|g q∞O|~ü #∞O_ç D „Ѩ`º« Hõ∆ ~°∂ѨO QÆ∞iOKÕ É’kèOKÕ"å~°∞. HÍh nxx
Z=fi~°∞ ‰õÄ_® JѨÙÊ_»∞ u~°ã¯¨ iOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ .
=¸_»= HÍ~°}O Uq∞@O>Ë - D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ r=#‡~°}ÏÅ =∞^躌 `Õ_®
K«∂Ѩ_=» ∞<Õk <å TǨωõΩ JO`«∞Ѩ@xì q+¨Ü∞« O. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«# rq`«OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® Hˆ =ÅO XˆH „Ѩ^âÕ O◊ Ö’
„Ѩ`º« HõO∆ QÍ =ÙO_»QeÆ Qˆ "å~°∞. XˆH ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ Jxfl KÀ\Ï¡ „Ѩ`º« HõO∆ QÍ =ÙO_»_O»
J<Õk PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ™ê^躌 =∞ÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü∞« O HÍ^Œ∞. XHõ"àÕ ◊ PÜ«∞# =∞n<åÖ’ =ÙO>Ë
=∞Hͯ, `å~ÚѶ,π `«|∂H± "≥Ú^ŒÖ#·ˇ „Ѩ^âÕ ßÅ∞ PÜ«∞# ÖˉΩõ O_® =ÙO_Õq. JÖψQ,
1.
2.
3.
4.

Wɡfl=∞ãπT^£ ǨÏnã¨∞ 189, 190 ¿ÑrÅÖ’ =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ≥∞ëê ǨÏnã¨∞194 ¿ÑrÖ’
K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
¿Ñr <≥O.190-191Å#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
¿Ñr <≥O.189-194Å#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
JO>Ë - Ô~O_»=, =¸_»=, <åÅ∞QÆ=, S^Œ= ~°∂áêxfl ¿Ñr <≥O.192-193 ÅÖ’
K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

23

nxH˜ aè#flOQÍ PÜ«∞# XHõ"àÕ ◊ =∞Hͯ֒ =ÙO_ç=ÙO>Ë, W`«~° „Ѩ^âÕ ßÅ∞ PÜ«∞#
ÖˉΩõ O_® LO_Õq.
=∞i D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ JQÀK«~=° Ú =∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩ`º« Hõ=∆ Ú - D ~Ô O_çO\˜
=∞^躌 +¨sÜ«∞`«∞ΠѨ~O° QÍ qK«H}
∆õ K«∂Ѩ_"» ∞Õ ÅHõ∆ º"≥∞`ÿ Õ - D q+¨Ü∞« O PÜ«∞#
rq`«OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® =ÙO_ç =ÙO_®eûOk.
J=∂<£ L~°<Ì £ Ö’ 16-10-1998 <å\˜ ã¨=∂"ÕâO◊ Ö’ JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh`À
<Õ#∞ D q+¨Ü∞« O QÆ∞iOz J_»QÍÅx J#∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞. HÍh PÜ«∞# f„= J<å~ÀQƺ
Ѩiã≤u÷ , U^≥<· å J_»Q_Æ O» #∞Oz ##∞fl PÑ≤ =ÙOzOk.
HÍh <å‰õΩ `«~åfi`« `≥eã≤# q+¨Ü∞« O Uq∞@O>Ë - ã¨fiÜ«∂<å JÖÏ¡=∂
JÖòÉÏh `«# 'ã≤=∂ U =∞ø`å— - 49= ¿ÑrÖ’ '=¸_»= HÍ~°}O—QÍ <Õ#∞
q=iOz# q+¨Ü∂« Å<Õ ^•^•Ñ¨ÙQÍ `«#∞ ‰õÄ_® q=iOKå~°∞. q=~åʼnõΩ ¿Ñr
<≥O.191Ö’x áê^Œã∂¨ zHõÖ’ QÆÅ '<À\ò— #∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
~Ô O_»= q+¨Ü∞« O : W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«_O» .1 JÖÏ¡=∂
JÖòÉÏh [ǨÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKåÅ#fl
Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl HõeyÖË~°∞. ÃÑ·QÍ PÜ«∞# D ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’x ¿Ñr <≥O.116 Ö’
nxx XHõ ~°^~ÌŒ Ú# P[˝QÍ x~°∂Ñ≤OK«_®xH˜ „ѨÜ∞« `«flO KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú nxH˜
P^è•~°OQÍ J|∂ǨïÔ~·~å LÖË¡dOz# - ''JO^Œ∞ˆH <åHõxÑ≤OzOk Y∞~üP<£
Ѩ~#°î OÖ’ <å ã¨fi~°O`À ã¨fi~°O _èHô ˘_»∞`ÀOk. J|∂ Ǩï~Ô ~· å Hõ^#Œä O : „Ѩ[Å∞
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ ^•fi~å D =∂@ q#fl `«~åfi`« [ǨÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ d~å`ü KÕÜ∞« _»O
=∂#∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. HÍh, ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ ֒֒ѨŠѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞——- J<Õ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞#∞
fã¨∞‰õΩ=KåÛ~°∞.
D ǨÏnã¨∞, LÉÏ^• a<£ ™êq∞`ü LÖËd¡ Oz#
'#=∂AÖ’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«x =ºH˜Î #=∂A <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ — J#fl LÖËY¡ <åxfl
~°^∞Œ Ì KÕãO≤ ^Œx Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - `«`~Ϋ á° ê@∞‰õΩ QÆ∞iKÕã#≤ q+¨Ü∂« xfl q=iOz#
ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ P^è•~°OQÍ KÕã∞¨ H˘x W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ d~å`ü J<Õk ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ QÍ
x¿+kèOK«|_çO^Œx x~åú~}
° ‰õΩ ~å=_»O ã¨~Ô #· k HÍ^Œ∞.
1. ¿Ñr <≥O.116-117Å#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.

24

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ÃÑQ· Í Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ ^•fi~å Hˆ =ÅO W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ aQÆ~æ Q° Í d~å`ü KÕÜ∞« ‰õÄ_»^xŒ
=∂„`«"∞Õ x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_çOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
ã¨ÅO¡ )ˆH=ÅO `«`~Ϋ á° ê@∞ - JO>Ë - W=∂"£∞ Q˘O`«∞ =ÚYÎnÅ Q˘O`«∞`À
_èHô ˘#_»O - #∞O_ç "åiOKå~°∞. JÖÏ¡=∂ W|∞flÖò |„~ü WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
`«`~Ϋ á° ê@∞, _èHô ˘#_»O J<Õq =ÚYÎnÅ∞ W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ aQÆ~æ Q° Í d~å`ü KÕã#≤ ѨÙ_Õ
[x™êÎ~Ú.1 D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl JÖÏ¡=∂ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ `åÇ≤Ï~ü ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ QÍ~°∞ `«#
'=∞[‡ LÖò |Ǩ~ü— Ö’ q=iOKå~°∞!
WHõ ~°^∞Œ #Ì ∞ QÆ∞iOz# q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ãÎ - ^•x HÀã¨O =ÚO^Œã∞¨ Î +¨~`° ∞«
Å∞QÍ... ~Ô O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å K«i„`« (JO>Ë Jq LÖËd¡ OK«|_ç#HÍÅO) =∞iÜ«Ú
~°^∞Œ KÌ ãÕ #≤ P^ÕâO◊ , ~°^∞Œ Ì QÍqOK«|_ç# P^ÕâO◊ `«~åfi`Õ =zÛO^Œ#fl q+¨Ü∂« Å∞
`≥eã≤ =ÙO_»_O» `Àáê@∞, D ~Ô O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ ã¨=∞~°ãO¨ K≥O^Œ_O» ‰õÄ_® J™ê^躌 O
J~Ú =ÙO_®e.2 HÍh ~ÚHõ¯_» Ѩiã≤u÷ nxH˜ aè#flOQÍ LOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë J|∂ Ǩï~Ô ~· å ǨÏnã¨∞ LÉÏ^• a<£ ™êq∞`ü ǨÏnã¨∞ `«~åfi`« =zÛO^Œ#_®xH˜
P^è•~°O ÖË^∞Œ ã¨iHõ^• D ~Ô O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ ã¨=∞~°ãO¨ K≥O^ŒÖ^Ë ∞Œ Jx J#∞HÀ=_»O
‰õÄ_® XHõ J™ê^躌 "≥∞#ÿ q+¨Ü∞« O. D q+¨Ü∂« <Õfl q=iã¨∂Î =∞øÖÏ<å J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇÏ·
ÅHÀflg ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: „Ѩ[Å∞ d~å`ü#∞ =keÃÑ\Ïì~∞° Jx JO>Ë
^•x J~°O÷ - „Ѩ[Å∞ aQÆ~æ Q° Í Ñ¨iOî K«_O» =∂#∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞ ÖË^• á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å
`«Ñʨ q∞ye# d~å`ü#∞ =^ŒeÃÑ\Ïì~∞° 3 Jx. D J~°O÷ fã¨∞HÀ=_»O ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ
ã¨~Ô #· ^ŒO>Ë- ǨÏnã¨∞ LÖËY¡ ‰õΩÅ∞ S# J|∂ Ǩï~Ô ~· å`À-[ǨÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ W=∂"£∞
"≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«_O» QÆ∞iOz „Ѩtfl¿ã,Î ^•xHÍÜ«∞# ["åaã¨∂-Î
'aQÆ~æ Q° Í HÍHõ ֒֒ѨŠ^•xx ѨiOî K«O_ç— Jx ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞.4
1.
2.
3.
4.

J`«Î"£∞Ç‘Ï^£ (11/52), =∞[‡ |Ǩ~°∞Öò J<åfi~ü (4/684), `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c
(363 ¿Ñr)
+¨~°ÇπÏ =Úã≤¡O #=g (4/227), JÖò U`≥ÉÏ~ü eÖò MÏlq∞ - 5= ¿Ñr, +¨~°ÇπÏ JÖò
‰õĉõΩ|∞Öò =Úh~ü (3/529), =∞*òHõ~°ÇπÏ Lã¨∂Å∞Öò Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ eÖò +¨<£vu - 77,92
¿ÑrÅ∞.
W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO e ÅHÀflq - 294 ¿Ñr, `«ÇÏπ vY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c-162 ¿Ñr
A*ò JÖò d~åÇπÏ YÅѨÙÖò W=∂"£∞ eÖò |∞MÏs-42, 10,44 ¿ÑrÅ∞, =Úã¨fl^£ JÖò
Ǩï"≥∞kÿ -2/430-ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.974, ã¨ÇÏ‘ J|∂ J"å#-1/453 ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.1680,
ã¨Ç‘Ï =Úã≤¡O =∞J#fl=g-4/101, ã¨∞#<£ J|∂^•=Ó^£-1/512, ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.821,

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

25

D q^èOŒ QÍ
''k=ºY∞~å#∞
g∞ =ÚO^Œ∞ ѨiOî Ѩ|_»∞`«∂ =Ù#flѨÙÊ_»∞ „â◊^`ÌŒ À q#O_ç. =∞ø#OQÍ LO_»O_ç,
g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® Hõ~°∞}˜OѨ|_»`åˆ~"≥∂—— #O^Œ∞ 'Y∞~å<£— J#fl Ѩ^ŒO, JÖψQ''W=∂"£∞ xÜ«∞q∞OK«|_Õk J`«}‚˜
J#∞ã¨iOK«_®xˆH. Hõ#∞Hõ J`«#∞ 'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü JO>Ë g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® 'JÖϡǨï
JHõƒ~ü J#O_ç1 =∞iÜ«Ú J`«#∞ d~å`ü KÕ¿ãÎ g∞~°∞ =∞ø#OQÍ =ÙO_»O_ç.2 =∞iÜ«Ú''Z=Ô~<· å W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ xÅ|_ç =ÙO>Ë, P
W=∂"£∞ d~å`ü J`«x d~å`üQÍ J#|_»∞`«∞Ok.——3 J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’x 'd~å`ü—
Ѩ^OŒ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å `«Ñʨ W`«~° d~å`ü#∞ =∂„`«"∞Õ ã¨∂zã¨∞<Î åflÜ«∞x J#_»O
`«Ñʨ xã¨i J=Ù`«∞Ok. JO>Ë- W=∂"£∞ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å `«~åfi`« "Õ~ˆ ã¨∂~å
Ѩiãî ∂¨ Î =ÙO>Ë ^•xx =∞ø#OQÍ q#_»O `«Ñʨ xã¨i. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, ÃÑ#· q=iO
K«|_ç# PÜ«∞`ü, =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Å P^è•~åÅ∞ ™ê=∂#º"≥∞ÿ#q. HÍh,'á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«x =ºH˜Î #=∂A <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ —
J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ „Ѩ`ºÕ Hõ"∞≥ #ÿ k =∞iÜ«Ú UHõ„w=OQÍ =Ù#fl xÜ«∞=∞O Uq∞@O>Ë ™ê=∂#º"≥∞#ÿ "å\˜Ö’ #∞O_ç „Ñ¨`ºÕ Hõ"∞≥ #ÿ "å\˜x f¿ãã≤# `«~åfi`Õ "å\˜ÃÑ· (™ê=∂#º
"≥∞#ÿ q) PK«iOK«_O» [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok.4
D ^Œ$HõÊ^ä•xfl ã¨=∞i÷OKÕ =∞~À q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - U ã¨ÇÏ‘ , =∞~üÑÓ¨¶
ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ ‰õÄ_® W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«‰Äõ _»^#Œ fl P^ÕâO◊ ~åÖË^∞Œ .5
ÃÑQ· Í ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ =zÛ# q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

ã¨∞#<£ ui‡l-5/210, ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O. 2953, ã¨∞#<£ #™ê~Ú-2/135, ã¨∞#<£
Wɡfl=∂*Ï-1/273, W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO-183 ¿Ñr, J`åÎbY∞Öò =∞"£∞l^£-1/404,
`«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c - 209 ¿Ñr, `ÀѶ¨`«∞Öò PǨ˙r-1/260.
P~åѶπ: 204
¿Ñr <≥O|~°∞.117#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
¿Ñr <≥O|~°∞.117#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
JÖò =∞™È^ŒÇπÏ Ñ¶‘ Lã¨∂Å∞Öò Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ e Wɡfl`≥·q∞Ü«∂-109 ¿Ñr. W~å¬^Œ∞Öò Ѷ¨ÙǨ˙Öò
e뜬HÍh -139 ¿Ñr, Ѷ¨"åu Ǩï„~°Ç¨Ï=¸`ü a+¨~°ÇπÏ =Úã≤¡=Úã¨∞û|∂`ü JÖÏ
Ǩ+≤Ü∂« eÖò =Úã¨ãÎ áπ ê¶ eÖò QÆ*Ïb-1/267, =∞*òH~õ u° Lã¨∂Å∞Öò ѶH≤ Çõ Ïπ e+¨¬<v£ u222 ¿Ñr .
J`åÎbY∞Öò =∞"£∞l^£ - 1/427, `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c-56 ¿Ñr

26

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

= ã¨ÅO¡ ) XHõ™êi Ѷ„¨ *ò #=∂*ò KÕ~Úã¨∞OÎ >Ë, =ÚYÎnÅ d~å`ü =¸ÅOQÍ PÜ«∞#
`«`~Ϋ á° ê@∞‰õΩ QÆ∞~°Ü∂« º~°∞. #=∂A ѨÓiÎ KÕã#≤ `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# `«# ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° ʼnõΩ
WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ Hˆ =ÅO á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«O_ç. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
Wk ѨiOî K«x =ºH˜Î #=∂A <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ .1
=∞øÖÏ<å J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇÏ· ÅHÀflg ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ÃÑ· ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ∞iOz WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
LÉÏ^• a<£ ™êq∞`ü ǨÏnã¨∞ 'W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî KåÅ#_®xH˜
ã¨Ê+¨"ì ∞≥ #ÿ ~°∞A=Ù
(#ãπ). HÍh U ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’<≥`· Õ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å q_çz
ÃÑ@ì_O» ÖË^• ѨiOî K«‰Ωõ O_® =ÙO_»_O» QÆ∞iOz =zÛO^À P ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ 'ã¨Ê+¨"ì ∞≥ #ÿ
~°∞A=ÙÅ∞
(#ãπ) H͉õΩO_® ã¨O„QÆÇ¨ ~°÷
(*ÏÇ≤Ï~ü) HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok#q
=∞iÜ«Ú D ~Ô O_çO\˜ =∞^躌 "≥~· ∞° ^躌 O Hõ#|iKÕ ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ ÃÑ^ŒÃÌ Ñ^ŒÌ LÅ=∂Å∞
`«=∞ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ 'ã¨O„QÆǨ~°÷=Ú—ÃÑ·
ã¨Ê+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# ~°∞A=Ù‰õΩ „áê^è•#º`«
2
~ÚKåÛ~°∞.
W^Õ q^èOŒ QÍ Ñ¨Ùã¨HÎ Oõ ¿Ñr <≥O|~°∞.183 Ö’ =ÚJ`åÎ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±Ö’x
D LÖËY¡ #O q=iOK«|_çOk: U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å U^≥<· å ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å
ѨiOî K«Háõ È`Õ J`«x #=∂A <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ , W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ xÖÁÛx =ÙO>Ë `«Ñʨ .3
J~Ú`Õ ~Úk *Ïa~ü (~°l JÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) QÍi =∂@. nxx ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞ÃÑ· „áê^è•#º`« ~Ú=fi_»O ÖË^• ^•xH˜ =ºu
~ˆ HõOQÍ xÅɡ@_ì O» ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞. ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ D q+¨Ü∂« xfl K≥|∞`«∂ U
ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° x =∂>ˇ<ÿ å ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=ÙO_»#O`«=~°‰Ωõ =∂ ^Œ$+≤Öì ’ Jk ~°∞A=Ù, P^è•~°OQÍ =ÙO@∞Ok. HÍh XHõ"àÕ ◊
J`«x =∂@ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=ÙO>Ë JѨÙÊ_® ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° x =∂@ =∂ ^ŒQ~æÆ ° ~°∞A=ÙQÍ =ÙO_»<~Õ ^° ∞Œ - Jx
q=iOKå~°∞.4 ÃÑ#· q=iOK«|_»¤ *Ïa~ü (~°l JÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) =∂@Ö’x Jã¨Å∞
L^ÕâÌ º◊ O - W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«‰Äõ _»^xŒ HÍ^Œ∞, ÃÑQ· Í Jxfl
1.
2.
3.
4.

¿Ñr <≥O.116#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO - 301, 259 ¿ÑrÅ∞, `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c - 446 ¿Ñr,
+¨~°Ç¨ï`«ÎÅg JÅ`ÒÎrÇπÏ e=∞`ü#∞Öò `«<£v Ѷ‘ Lã¨∂eÖò Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ-126 ¿Ñr, #∂~°∞Öò
J<åfi~ü-88 ¿Ñr.
¿Ñr <≥O.183Ö’ 452= áê^Œã¨∂zHõ K«∂_»O_ç.
Ѷ¨`«Ç¨ïÖò Yn~ü +¨~°ÇπÏ Ç≤Ï^•Ü«∞-2/37, JÖò q∞~åö`ü +¨~°ÇπÏ JÖò q∞ëê¯`ü eÖò MÏs

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

27

#=∂AÖ’¡ ÖË^• Hõhã¨O [ǨÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ d~å`ü#∞ `«ºlOK«_®xfl
^è~Œ ‡° Ü«ÚHõOÎ KÕÜ∞« _»O. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - *Ïa~ü (~°l JÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ
~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: "Õ∞=Ú W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ *ÁǨÏ~ü =∞iÜ«Ú Jã¨~ü #=∂AÖ’¡
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞ =∞~˘Hõ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî KÕ"åà◊§O,
PYi ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ Hˆ =ÅO á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`À ã¨iÃÑ@∞ìH˘<Õ "åà◊§O.1 JO^Œ∞Hˆ
'PÜ«∞# =∂@— ^•fi~å W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«_O» x¿+kèOK«|_çOk
Jx J#∞HÀ=_»O ZO`À x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ q+¨Ü∞« O. ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å ^•fi~å D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’
„Ѩ=zOѨ|_»¤ LÖËY¡ <åÅ L^ÕâÌ º◊ O ‰õÄ_® ~Ú^Õ.
=∞øÖÏ<å ÅHÀflg ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ „Ѩ=K«<åÅ∞ W=∂"£∞
"≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~<°î åxfl `«Ñʨ xã¨i KÕ¿ã ã¨Ê+¨"ì ∞≥ #ÿ ~°∞A=ÙÅÃÑ· PkèHºõ `«
=Ç≤ÏOK«_®xH˜ Jq W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~#°î x¿+^è•xfl x~°∂Ñ≤OK«
ÖË=Ù. ÃÑQ· Í Jq Hˆ =ÅO 'W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~<°î åxfl `«ºlOK«=K«∞Û
=∞iÜ«Ú W=∂"£∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ d~å`ü =ÚYÎnʼnõΩ ‰õÄ_® ã¨iáÈ`«∞Ok— J#fl q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞
=∂„`«"∞Õ x~°∂Ñ≤™êÎ~Ú. WHõ, (W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~#°î OÃÑ)· J~Ú+¨`ì «
=∞iÜ«Ú tHõÅ∆ `À ‰õÄ_»∞‰õΩ#fl LÖËY¡ <åÅ q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ãÎ "å\˜Ö’ U XHõ¯ ^•x
Ѩ~O° Ѩ~° ‰õÄ_® „áê=∂}˜HOõ QÍ ÖË^∞Œ .2

K«~Û° ™ê~åOâ◊=Ú
=ÚYÎnÅ H˘~°‰Ωõ [ǨÏs =∞iÜ«Ú ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«_O»
Ѷ~¨ .˚ü Wk ÖˉΩõ O_® K«k"Õ #=∂A `«ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∞ #=∂*òQÍ Ñ¨iQÆ}O˜ K«|_»∞`«∞Ok.
[ǨÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å `«Ñʨ =∞ˆ~ ã¨∂~å ‰õÄ_® ѨiOî K«‰Äõ _»^∞Œ . ÃÑQ· Í
W=∂"£∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ d~å`ü q<åe. HÍh ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ J`«xH˜ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞
=∞~˘Hõ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî KÕ J#∞=∞u =ÙOk.
QÆ=∞xOKåeû# =∞~À =ÚYº q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨

1.
2.

JÖò ǨÏ#Ѷ‘-3/505, W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO - 235 ¿Ñr, JÖò JE|`«∞Öò á¶êlÖÏ 226 ¿Ñr, HõÖÏǨÏ=∂ e J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇ·Ï ÅHÀflg, `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO - 495-496
¿ÑrÅ∞.
¿Ñr <≥O.118Ö’x145= áê^Œã¨∂zHõ K«∂_»O_ç.
W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO e ÅHÀflg - 238 ¿Ñr, `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c - 499 ¿Ñr

28

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂AÖ’¡ =ÚYÎnʼnõΩ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«=∞x
P^ÕtOz "Õ~ˆ W`«~° ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ ѨiOî K«_O» #∞O_ç "åiOKå~°∞.1 HÍh *ÁǨÏ~ü
#=∂AÖ’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`À áê@∞ =∞~˘Hõ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«_®xfl "åiOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ .
Hˆ =ÅO aQÆ~æ Q° Í Ñ¨iOî K«_®xfl =∂„`«"∞Õ "åiOKå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
g∞~°∞ Y∞~å<£ Ѩiîã¨∞Î#flѨÙÊ_»∞ XHõiHõO>Ë =∞~˘Hõ~°∞ aQÆæ~°QÍ Ñ¨iîOK«_®xH˜
„Ѩܫ∞uflOK«HõO_ç.2
D q+¨Ü∂« xfl <Õ#∞ ZO`À *Ï„QÆ``Ϋ À ‰õΩÑ¡ OΨ QÍ „QÆOnäHiõ OKå#∞. XHõ"àÕ ◊
‰õΩÑ¡ OΨ QÍ q=iOz =ÙO_»Háõ È`Õ K«~Û° KåÖÏ á⁄_»∞QÔ á· È~Ú =ÙO_Õk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
D q+¨Ü∞« OÃÑ· Z<Àfl ã¨=∞„QÆ Ñ¨Ùã¨HÎ ÍÅ∞ ~°zOѨ|_®¤~Ú =∞iÜ«Ú *Ï„QÆ`Ϋ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ
=Ç≤ÏOKåeû =zÛO^ŒO>Ë - JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh ÖÏO\˜ "åix YO_çOK«_O» J<Õk
`≥e"≥#· =ºH˜Î HÔ =iÔH<· å JO`« ã¨∞Å∞"≥#· q+¨Ü∞« OHÍ^Œ∞. HÍh, Z=Ô~`· Õ - `«=∞
<À\˜`À, HõÅ=Ú`À *ÏÅ∞"åˆ~ "å\˜x ‰õÄ_® Hõhã¨O „QÆÇÏ≤ OK«QeÆ Qˆ ã≤u÷ Ö’ ÖË~À"åi HÀã¨O - Z=i<≥<· å KèåÖˇO*ò KÕÜ∞« _»O ÖË^• YO_çOK«_O» J<Õk Ñ≤ÅÅ¡
P@Hõ<åfl JkèHõ „áê^è•#º`« Hõey =ÙO_»^∞Œ .
JO^Œ∞Hˆ <Õ\ ˜ „ѨÑO¨ K«OÖ’ `«~K° ∞« QÍ ~ÚÖÏO\˜ "åi PˆHÑ∆ }¨ Å∞ Hõà=¡◊ ÚO^Œ∞
=ã¨∂Î áÈ`«∂ =ÙO\Ï~Ú =∞iÜ«Ú Pâ◊Û~°ºO "≥e|∞K«∞Û`«∂ Hˆ =ÅO „¿ÑHõ‰∆ Ωõ ÖÏ¡
=ÙO_çáÈ"åeû =ã¨∞OÎ k.
''W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O——
q+¨Ü∂« xfl ã¨=∞i÷ã∂¨ Î =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ WѨÊ\˜ =~°‰Ωõ ^•^•Ñ¨ÙQÍ 22
ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ edOK«|_®¤~Ú.3 g\˜Ö’ ã¨∞ÖÏÎ#∞Öò =ÚǨÏkÌã‘<£ W=∂"£∞ |∞MÏs
(=∞~°}O 256 Ç≤Ï.) QÍi
'A*ò JÖò d~å`ü YÅѶ٨ Öò
W=∂"£∞, `«# HÍÅѨ٠ëêѶ~¨ ¸QÍ ¿Ñ~°∞ QÍOz# W=∂"£∞ ɡǷ Ϩ d (=∞~°}O 458
Ç≤Ï.) QÍi
'H˜`å|∞Öò d~å`ü YÅѶ٨ Öò W=∂"£∞—, |Ǩï
`«‰Ωõ ¯=QÍ HÍ#=KÕÛ Ñ¨O_ç`∞« ÖÏ¡O\˜ =∞øÖÏ<å J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇÏ· ÅHÀflg ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ (=∞~°}O
1.
2.
3.

¿Ñr <≥O. 116#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
¿Ñr <≥O|~°∞.119#∞ K«∂_»O_ç.
=ÚY^ŒÌ=∂ `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c - 17-19 ¿ÑrÅ∞

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

29

1304 Ç≤Ï) QÍi
'W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO
Ѷ=‘ ∂ Ü«∞`åeMò aÖò d~å`ü YÅѶ٨ Öò W=∂"£∞— =∞iÜ«Ú `«# HÍÅѨ٠=ÚǨÏkÌãπ
J~Ú# =∞øÖÏ<å J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨‡<£ =ÚÉÏ~°H± ѨÓi (=∞~°}O 1353 Ç≤Ï.) QÍi
'`«ÇÏπ vY∞Öò HõÖÏ"£∞ Ѷ‘ =ÙE|∞Öò
d~å`ü YÅѶ٨ Öò W=∂"£∞— =O\˜ ѨÙã¨HÎ ÍÅ∞ J`«ºO`« „áê^è•#º`« Hõey#q. =∞øÖÏ<å
ÅHÀflg - ™ê^è•~°} ǨÏ#Ѷ‘Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞"≥∞ÿ#
'W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~° Ѩ~#°î x¿+^è•xH˜— ã¨O|OkèOz# P^è•~åÅ#∞ `«#
ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’ J`«ºO`« Q˘Ñ¨ÊQÍ *Ï˝# â‹·ex LѨÜ≥∂yOz "å\˜ "åã¨ÎqHõ`«#∞
|@ì|Ü«∞Å∞ KÕã,≤ "åi Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl ѨÓiÎQÍ x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ kQÍ x~°∂Ñ≤OKå~°∞.
HÍh, QÆ=∂ºxH˜ KÕ~°Hõ=ÚO^Õ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ `å#∞ ‰õÄ_® Ѩbì H˘\˜ì ˆH=ÅO W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ =ÚYÎnÅ∞ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«_O»
J<Õk Z\˜ì Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Ö’¡#∂ Ѷ~¨ ˚ü HÍ^Œ∞, Hˆ =ÅO ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ =ÚYÎnÅ∞ nxx
ѨiOî K«_O» =∞ã¨∂fl<£ =∞iÜ«Ú =Úã¨ÇΠϨ Éò (JaèÅ+¨}Ü
© ∞« O) - J#fl =∂@`À
1
ã¨iÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ<åfl~°∞.
HÍh =∞øÖÏ<å =ÚÉÏ~°H± ѨÓi ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ QÍi ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ QÆ∞iOz
Jã¨Å∞ J_»QÍeû# „Ѩâflı ÖË^∞Œ . Wk `«# q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ U =∂„`«O áÈeHõÖxË Ñ¨Ùã¨HÎ Oõ .
nxÖ’
'W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O—
q+¨Ü«∂xH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz =ÚǨÏkÌã‘<£ (ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ∞) =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¶¨ÙHõǨÅ
Ѩ^uúŒ ##∞ã¨iOz ZO`« Q˘Ñ¨ÊQÍ K«iÛOK«_O» [iyO^ŒO>Ë, nx Hõ<åfl L`«=Î ∞"≥∞#ÿ
ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ WO`« =~°‰Ωõ ÅdOK«|_»Ö^Ë ∞Œ Jx JO>Ë Juâ◊Ü∂≥ H˜Î
HÍ^Õ"∂≥ ! „Ѩ`ºÕ H˜Oz D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’x 41, 56, 60, 62, 64, 67, 70, 89,
162,164, 189, 217-223, 225, 291 292, 294, 351, 363, 372,
446, 466, 473, 495, 497, 517, 525 ¿ÑrÅÖ’ K«iÛOK«|_»¤ q+¨Ü∂« Å∞
„Ѩ`ºÕ Hõ „áê^è•#º`« Hõey#q =∞iÜ«Ú „ѨÜ∂≥ [#O s`åº ZO`À L`«=Î ∞"≥∞#ÿ q.2

S
1.
2.

W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO ÅHÀflg - 335 ¿Ñr
D ¿ÑrÅ∞ - `«ÇπÏvY∞Öò HõÖÏO J~°c Ö’xq. nxx _®Hõì~ü =ã‘ LÖÏ¡ÇπÏ QÍ~°∞ `«#
HõÅO`À `«Ü«∂~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.

30

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ѨÙã¨ÎHõ ѨiK«Ü«∞O
- =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ <åã≤~°∞nÌ<£ JÖòÉÏh ~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Hˆ ã¨=∞ã¨Î ™È΄`åÅ∞. PÜ«∞<Õ `«# ^•ã¨∞ÅÃÑ· #=∂A#∞ qkèQÍ
KÕã≤ ^•xx =∞Oz Ѩ^ŒúuÖ’ 㨄Hõ=∞OQÍ ™ê÷Ñ≤OK«=∞x P^ÕtOz, `«^Œ∞Ѩi
™êѶ֨ Ϻhfl, ã¨O`Àëêhfl #=∂AÖ’x #„=∞`«, J}‰õΩ=ÅÃÑ· ÃÑ\˜,ì #=∂A#∞
qâßfi㨠u~°™ê¯~åÅ =∞^躌 =Ù#fl `Õ_®QÍ Jaè=i‚Oz ^•xx ã≤Q∞Æ =æ ∂e# =∞iÜ«Ú
Jj¡ÅѨ٠KÕ+Åì¨ #∞O_ç x~ÀkèOKÕkQÍ ~°∂á⁄OkOz<å_»∞.
`«^∞Œ Ѩi, =∞Ǩ„Ѩ=HõÎ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )ÃÑ· ^Œ~∂° ^£,
ã¨ÖÏ=ÚÅ∞ KÕ~∞° QÍHõ!
''D *Ï˝Ñ≤Hõ#∞ hÃÑ· J=`«iOѨ
*Ëâß=Ú. `«^•fi~å h=Ù „Ѩ[Å =ÚO^Œ∞ "åi HÀã¨O J=`«iOѨ*Ü
Ë ∞« |_ç#
1
LѨ^âÕ ßxfl ã¨Ê+¨Oì QÍ q=iOK«_®xH˜—— Jx PÜ«∞# ã¨OÉ’kèOK«|_®¤~∞° . JO^Œ∞Hˆ
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«#ÃÑ· "≥∂Ѩ|_ç# ÉÏ^躌 `«#∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ QÍ
x~°fiiÎOKå~°∞. JO^Œ∞Ö’ Jxfl\˜H<õ åfl =ÚYºOQÍ `«# =∂@Å ^•fi~å KÕ`Å« ^•fi~å
q=iOz K≥Ñ≤ÊOk #=∂A QÆ∞iOKÕ. #=∂*ò QÆ∞iOz ZO`«QÍ q=iOz
K≥áêÊ~°O>Ë, XHõ™êi `«#∞ q∞O|~ü (Y∞`åƒ ~Ú=fi_®xH˜ W=∂O xÅ|_Õ Z`«~Î Ú#
KÀ@∞) ÃÑ· #=∂*ò KÕâß~°∞. JO>Ë dÜ«∂ºO, ~°∞‰õÄ KÕâß~°∞. `«^Œ∞Ѩi `«#
ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å`À ''<ÕxÖÏ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ KÕâß#O>Ë g∞~°∞ ##∞fl J#∞ã¨iOKåÅx =∞iÜ«Ú
<å #=∂A#∞ <Õ~∞° ÛHÀ"åÅx—— Jx J<åfl~°∞.2
JÖψQ, =∞#O ‰õÄ_® #=∂AÖ’ `«# Ѩ^uúŒ <Õ J#∞ã¨iOK«_®xfl =∞#ÃÑ·
qkèQÍ KÕã∂¨ Î WÖÏ „ѨH\õ O˜ Kå~°∞:
''#<≥flÖÏÔQ`· Õ #=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ OÎ _»QÍ K«∂âß~À, g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® JÖψQ #=∂A
KÕÜ«∞O_ç.——3
nx`Àáê@∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) Ѩ^uúŒ Ö’ #=∂A
KÕ¿ã "åiH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ KÕã#≤ "åQÍÌ#O „ѨHÍ~°O ã¨fi~°„æ Ѩ"âÕ ◊ â◊√Éè"í å~°#Î ∞ QÆ∞iOz
`≥Å∞ѨÙ`«∂ WÖÏ L^ÀƒkèOKå~°∞:
1. #ÇπÏ¡ : 44
2. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
3. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - 213Ö’ =ÙOk.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

31

''JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ S^Œ∞ #=∂AÅ#∞ qkèQÍ KÕâß_»∞. WHõ Z=Ô~`· Õ "å\˜ HÀã¨O
㨄Hõ=∞OQÍ =ÙEKÕã,≤ ã¨=∞Ü«∞O „ѨHÍ~°O "å\˜x PK«i™êÎ~À =∞iÜ«Ú #=∂AÖ’
~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌ, #„=∞`«Å#∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°‚OQÍ áê\˜™êÎ~À, JÖÏO\˜ =ºH˜ÎH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
Hõq∆ ∞™êÎ#x "åQÍÌ#O KÕâß_»∞. =∞i Z=Ô~`· Õ WÖÏ KÕÜ∞« ~À JÖÏO\˜ "åiH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
U q^è"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ "åQÍÌ#O KÕÜ∞« ÖË^∞Œ . `«#∞ `«ÅK«∞‰õΩO>Ë "åix Hõq∆ ∞OK«#∂ =K«∞Û
ÖË^• tH˜O∆ K«#∂ =K«∞Û.——1
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) P~å^è#Œ , #=∂A, =∂@Å∞,
KÕ`«Å#∞ =∞#^•HÍ KÕ~°"Õã≤ ˆH=ÅO "å\˜<Õ `«=∞ Jaè=∞`«O (=∞*òǨÏÉò)QÍ,
P^Œ~°≈OQÍ KÕã¨∞H˘#fl PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ‰õΩ@∞Oc‰õΩÅÃÑ·,
PÜ«∞# „Ñ≤Ü∞« ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° ÅÃÑ· ^Œ~∂° ^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨ÖÏ=ÚÅ∞ KÕ~∞° QÍHõ! JÖψQ,
„ѨàÜ
◊ ∞« k#O =KÕÛ=~°‰Ωõ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ), PÜ«∞# „Ñ≤Ü∞«
ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å#∞ J#∞ã¨iã¨∂,Î "åi J_»∞QÆ∞*Ï_»Ö’¡ #_çKÕ "åiÃÑ· ‰õÄ_® ^Œ~∂° ^Œ∞,
ã¨ÖÏ=ÚÅ∞ KÕ~∞° QÍHõ!
<åÅ∞QÆ∞ ã¨O=`«û~åÅ „H˜O^Œ\ ˜ =∂@. <Õ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ǨѶ*≤ ò =ÚOki (~°ÇÏ≤ =∞
ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ) QÍi „QÆO^äOŒ ''`«~wü Éò = `«~Çü Ï‘ Éò—— Ö’x 'H˜`å|∞ã¨ûÖÏ`ü— (#=∂A
J^蕺ܫ∞O)#∞ =∂ ã¨ÇϨ Ÿ^Œ~∞° ʼnõΩ É’kèOK«_O» ѨÓiÎ KÕâß#∞. JѨÙÊ_»∞ =∂‰õΩ
W™ê¡OÖ’ #=∂A‰õΩ#fl „áê^è•#º`« =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x ™ê÷~Ú QÆ∞iOz ã¨Ê+¨=ì ∞~Ú
áÈ~ÚOk. `«^∞Œ Ѩi, nxx 㨄Hõ=∞OQÍ =∞Oz Ѩ^uúŒ Ö’ PK«iOKÕ "åxH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
=^ŒÌ ^˘iˆH „ѨuѶ¨ÅO, J#∞„QÆǨÏO, Q“~°"åÅ QÆ∞iOz q=~°OQÍ `≥e™ê~Ú.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ =∞x+≤ KÕ¿ã #=∂A ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A‰õΩ
ZO`« ^ŒQ~æÆ Q° Í LO>Ë J`«xH˜ ^˘iˆH „ѨuѶŨ O ‰õÄ_® JO`Õ Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ LO@∞Ok.
JO>Ë, J`«x #=∂A ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A‰õΩ
^Œ∂~°=∞=Ù`«∞#fl H˘nÌ ^˘iˆH „ѨuѶŨ O ‰õÄ_® JO`Õ `«‰Ωõ ¯"≥á· È`«∂ LO@∞Ok.
D q+¨Ü∂« <Õfl ã¨∂zã¨∂Î ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) WÖÏ „Ѩ=zOKå~°∞:
''^•ã¨∞_»∞ #=∂*ò ã¨Å∞ѨÙ`å_»∞. ^•xH˜ „ѨuQÍ J`«xH˜ ѨÙ}ºOÖ’ Ѩ^À
=O`«∞QÍh, `˘q∞‡^À=O`«∞QÍh, Zxq∞^Œ= =O`«∞QÍh, U_»= =O`«∞QÍh, P~°=
1.

<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-D ǨÏnã¨∞ „áê=∂}Hõ"∞≥ #ÿ k - HÍ~°}O KåÖÏ =∞Ok W=∂=ÚÅ∞
nxx 'ã¨Ç‘Ï—QÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞. nx `«„v*ò#∞ <Õ#∞ ã¨Ç‘Ï J|∂^•=Ó^£ (451, 1276)
#O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.

32

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

=O`«∞QÍh, S^Œ= =O`«∞QÍh, <åÅæ= =O`«∞QÍh, =¸_»= =O`«∞QÍh, ã¨QOÆ
QÍh ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok.——1
JO^Œ∞Hˆ <Õ#∞ =∂ ™È^Œ~∞° ʼnõΩ - '^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )
#=∂*ò Ѩ^uúŒ - ^•x P=â◊ºHõ`Å« ∞, s`«∞Å∞ (P^•Éò), ã¨fi~°∂áêÅ∞, ^Œ∞PÅ∞,
ã¨O㨇~°}Å∞ - g@xflO\˜ QÆ∞iOz qã¨Î $`«OQÍ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀ#O`« =~°‰Ωõ , `«^∞Œ Ѩi
=∞#ã¨∞Ö’ "å\˜x PK«~}
° Ö’ ÃÑ\ÏìÅ#fl `«Ñ#¨ =ÙO_»#O`« =~°‰Ωõ =∞#O =∞#
#=∂A#∞ 㨄Hõ=∞"≥∞#ÿ Ѩ^uúŒ Ö’ PK«iOK«_O» ™ê^躌 O HÍ^Œ∞. WÖÏ KÕÜ∞« QÆey#ѨÙÊ_Õ
=∞# #=∂*ò =∞#efl Jj¡ÅѨÙ, K≥_»∞ KÕ+¨ìÅ #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOK«QÆÅ^Œx
=∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ÅÖ’ `≥eÜ«∞|iz# „ѨuѶŨ O, ѨÙ}ºO ‰õÄ_® JѨÙÊ_Õ ^˘~°Hõ
QÆÅ^Œx PtOK«=K«∞Û— Jx Ç≤Ï`«É’^èŒ KÕâß#∞.
D ~ÀA ™ê=∂#º „Ѩ*ÏhHÍxˆH HÍ^Œ∞, KåÖÏ =∞Ok LÅ=∂ʼnõΩ ã¨~Ú`«O
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A QÆ∞iOz qã¨Î $`«OQÍ
`≥eÜ«∞x Ѩiã≤u÷ U~°Ê_ç LOk. nx HÍ~°}O, "å~°∞ U^À XHõ Jaè=∞`åxH˜
(=∞*òÇϨ Éò) J`«∞‰õΩ¯áÈ~Ú =ÙO_»_"» ∞Õ . "åã¨"Î åxH˜ - *Ï˝# "≥Å∞QÆ∞Ö’ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞
„HÀ_ôHõiOz, "å\˜x Ѩiâ◊√^ŒúѨ~°z ^è•i‡Hõ ¿ã= KÕã≤# "åÔ~=iÔH·<å - „Ѩu
Jaè=∞`«OÖ’#∂ W`«~° Jaè=∞`åÖ’¡ ÖËx H˘xfl ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å∞ =Ù<åflÜ«∞x, JO`ÕQÍHõ
„Ѩu Jaè=∞`«OÖ’#∂ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )^•fi~å „áê=∂}˜HOõ QÍ
^è$Œ gHõiOK«|_»x ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ ‰õÄ_® =Ù<åflÜ«∞#fl q+¨Ü∞« O `≥eã≤ =ÙO@∞Ok.
WÖÏO\˜ J„Ѩ=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ ™ê=∂#ºOQÍ `«~åfiu `«~åÅ LÅ=∂Å „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡
ÅÉèºí =∞=Ù`å~Ú.2 "åiÖ’ KåÖÏ =∞Ok "å\˜x ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
1.

2.

ã¨ÇÏ‘ - nxx J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =ÚÉÏ~°H± AǨÏ^£ (10/21/1-2), J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~ÚÅ∞
„áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. <Õ#∞ nx `«„v*ò#∞ ã¨Ç‘Ï J|∂^•=Ó^£ (761)
#O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.
'J<åflѶ≤
J|∞Öò ǨÏã¨<å`ü ÅHÀflg `«# ѨÙã¨HÎ "õ ∞≥ #ÿ
JÖò Hõc~ü e=∞<£ Ü«Ú`åÅ JÖò *Ïq∞ Jã¨ûw~ü—Ö’x 21¿ÑrÖ’- ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ Ѷ≤HõÇπωõΩ
ã¨O|OkèOz# „QÆO^ä•Å ™ê÷~Úx x~åúiOz `«^Œ∞Ѩi "Õ\ ˜ÃÑ· P^è•~°Ñ¨_»=KÀÛ, "Õ\ ˜ÃÑ·
HÍ^À `≥Å∞ѨÙ`«∂ WÖÏ "åºMϺxOKå~°∞:
''"Õ∞=Ú „QÆO^ä•Å ™ê÷~Úx x~åúiOz#k ѶH≤ Çõ Ïπ q+¨Ü∂« Å P^è•~°OQÍ<Õ HÍh ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) QÍi ǨÏnã¨∞Å P^è•~°OQÍ =∂„`«O HÍ^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

33

--Ѷ٨ HõÇ¨ Å∞ P^è•~°Ñ_¨ ¤» KåÖÏ „QÆO^ä•Å∞ HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å`À xO_ç =Ù<åfl~Ú. =ÚYºOQÍ
Ѷ¨`åfiÅ (^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞ÊÅ∞) „QÆO^ä•Å∞. g\˜ÃÑ· xt`«OQÍ ^Œ$+≤ì ™êi¿ãÎ ã¨Ê+¨ì=∞ÜÕ∞º
q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - g\˜ „QÆO^äŒ Hõ~°ÎÅ∞ *Ï˝#O s`åº Ñ¨i}u K≥Ok# "åÔ~·#ѨÊ\˜H©
ǨÏnã¨∞Å LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ =∂„`«O J„â◊^Œú K«∂áê~°∞——.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - WÖÏO\˜ HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å HÀ=ˆH K≥Ok gi „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡
ÅÉèíº=∞ÜÕ∞º XHõ HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞ ~Úk: ''~°=∞*Ï<£ <≥ÅÖ’x PYi â◊√„Hõ"å~°O <å_»∞
Z=Ô~`· Õ H˘xfl qkèQÍ áê\˜OKåeû# #=∂AÅ Y*Ï#∞ PK«i™êÎ~À, Jq J`«xH˜ 70
ÜÕ∞O_»∞¡ =KÕÛ=~°‰õΩ J`«x ^•fi~å `«Ñ≤Ê áÈÜÕ∞ #=∂AÅxflO\˜ `«~°Ñ¶¨Ù# Hõá¶êÊù~å
(áêѨÑi¨ Ǩ~°O) J=Ù`å~Ú.——
ÅHÀflg (~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ)
''JÖò P™ê~ü
JÖò =∞~üѶ¨ÓJ Ѷ≤Öò JMòÉÏ~ü JÖò =∞øEJ—— „QÆO^äŒO -315= ¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ D
ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ LÖË¡dOz# `«~åfi`« nxÃÑ· "åºMϺxã¨∂Î WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
''Jb MÏs `«# 'JÖò =∞øAP`ü Jã¨∞û„QÍ =∞iÜ«Ú JÖò ‰õΩ„ÉÏ— Ü«∞O^Œ∞ nxx HÍÅÊ
xHõ ǨÏnã¨∞QÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞. JO`ÕQÍHõ, Wk - 'P~å^èŒ#Ö’¡x ˆH=ÅO XHõ PK«~°}
H˘xfl ã¨O=`«û~åÅ =~°‰Ωõ `«ÑÊ≤ áÈÜÕ∞ P~å^è#Œ Å HÀã¨O Z\˜ì Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« ÅÖ’#∂ ã¨iáÈ^Œ∞—
J#fl UHÍaè„áêÜ«∂xH˜ (W*χ) QÆ∂_® q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =ÙOk. Hõ#∞Hõ 'xǨÜ«∞— „QÆO^äŒHõ~°Î
=∞iÜ«Ú 'Ç≤Ï^•Ü«∞— „QÆO^äOŒ ÃÑ· "åºMϺ<åÅ∞ „"åã≤# "å~°∞ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ LÖËd¡ OK«_O» Ö’
Jã¨Å∞ J~°"÷ ∞Õ ÖË^∞Œ . ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, "å~°∞ ã¨fi`«Ç¨ QÍ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ ѨO_ç`∞« Å∞ HÍHõáÈ=_»"∞Õ QÍHõ
D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ Hõhã¨O U =ÚǨÏkÌãπ (ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«Î) `«# „QÆO^äŒOÖ’ LÖË¡dOKå~À ‰õÄ_®
`≥Å∞ѨÖË^Œ∞.——
ëœHÍh
''JÖò Ѷ"¨ åÜ≥∞^£ JÖò =∞E‡J
ѶÖ≤ ò JǨÏnãπ JÖò =∞øEJ—— ¿Ñr-54Ö’ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ WÖÏO\˜ Ѩ^•Å`À<Õ LÖËd¡ Oz
WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
''xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ D ǨÏnã¨∞ HÍÅÊxHõ"≥∞ÿ#k. HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å „QÆO^ä•ÅÖ’ ‰õÄ_®
<åH© ǨÏnã¨∞ ÅaèOK«ÖË^Œ∞. J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H©, ã¨<å #QÆ~°OÖ’x =∂ HÍÅѨ٠Ѷ¨ÙHõǨÅÖ’
XHõ ã¨=¸Ç¨Ï=Ú ^ŒQÆæ~° D ǨÏnã¨∞ ÉÏQÍ „áêK«∞~°ºO á⁄Ok =Ù#flk. "åiÖ’ KåÖÏ
=∞Ok ^•x Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ PK«iOK«_»O ‰õÄ_® "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ\Ïì~°∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ "åi
HÀã¨O Z=~°∞ ã¨$+≤ìOKå~À `≥eÜ«∞^Œ∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Jã¨`«º"å^Œ∞Å#∞ J==∂#Ѩ~°K«∞ QÍHõ!
`«^Œ∞Ѩi ÅHÀflg QÍ~°∞ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: ã¨O㨇~°}Å∞, xÜ«∞=∂ʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz#
ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÖ’¡ qq^èŒ ~°∂áêÖ’¡ ÅÉèíº=∞ÜÕ∞º D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞QÍ
~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« _®xH˜ <Õ#∞
'~°^ŒÖò

34

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã¨ÅO¡ )‰õΩ ã¨~Ú`«O PáêkOKÕÜ∞« _»O =∞#O QÆ=∞xOK«=K«∞Û.1
JO^Œ∞Hˆ ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`ÅΫ ∞ (=ÚǨÏkÌãÅπ ∞) - JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ "åiH˜ L`«=Î ∞ „ѨuѶ֨ Ïxfl
„Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ! - „Ѩ[Ö’¡ ÉÏQÍ MϺu QÆ_Oç z =Ù#fl H˘xfl „QÆO^ä•Å ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞
`«„v*ò KÕã,≤ (qâı+¡ O≤ z) „Ѩu ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ™ê÷~Úx x~åúiã¨∂ΠѨÙã¨HÎ ÍÅ∞ „"åâß~°∞.
JO>Ë Jk „áê=∂}˜H"õ ∞≥ #ÿ ^•, |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞#ÿ ^• ÖËHõ `«ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∞ ǨÏn™ê J#fl q+¨Ü∞« O.

1.

WMÏfi<£ J<£ =ÚǨÏ^Œ™ê`ü Pd~ü A=∞J`«∞ ~°=∞*Ï<£— J<Õ ¿Ñ~°∞`À XHõ "åºã¨O
„"åâß#∞. ^•xÖ’x q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ =∞#ã¨∞ûʼnõΩ *Ï˝<À^ŒÜ«∞O HõeyOKÕqQÍ, K≥=ÙÅ#∞
`«=∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù‰õΩ ÖψQ q^èŒOQÍ =Ù<åfl~Ú. JO^Œ∞ˆH ^•x J^茺ܫ∞#O KÕÜ«∞O_ç. D
"åºã¨O `«# q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ ZO`À qÅ∞"≥·# L`«Î=∞ "åºã¨O.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿Ñû^Õq∞@O>Ë Ñ¶≤HõÇπÏ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ ÅÉèíº=∞ÜÕ∞º WÖÏO\˜ HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ ÖˉõΩO_®, Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ ^Œ~°≈#q∞KÕÛ W`«~° ǨÏnã¨∞Å
„áê=∂}˜Hõ`«#∞ ‰õÄ_® ^≥|ƒfã¨∞Î<åfl~Ú. Jb MÏs =∂@Å∞ D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl ã¨∂zã¨∞Î
<åfl~Ú. JO^Œ∞ˆH „Ѩu =Úã≤¡O, ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞, P ~°OQÆOÖ’ xëê‚`«∞Öˇ·# ѨO_ç`«∞Å
^ŒQÆæ~°∞flO_Õ fã¨∞HÀ"åe.
''=∞Hͯ Ѩ~fi° `« =∂~åæÅ#∞ =∞Hͯ"åã¨∞ÖË ÉÏQÍ Z~°∞QÆ∞^Œ∞~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú WO\˜ Ü«∞[=∂<Õ
`«# WO\’¡x =ã¨∞Î=ÙÅ#∞ ÉÏQÍ Z~°∞QÆ∞#∞—— J#fl J~°c <å#∞_»∞Å∞ ‰õÄ_® ^•x<Õ
ã¨∂zã¨∞Î<åfl~Ú.
W=∂O #=g (~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) ''JÖò =∞E‡J +¨~°ÇπÏ JÖò =∞ÇπÏ[Éò—— (1/60) Ö’
¿Ñ~˘¯#fl =∂@Å ™ê~åOâ◊O Wk: JÃÇÏ¡ ǨÏnã¨∞ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞ÅÖ’x Ѩiâ’^èŒ#
[i¿Ñ LÅ=∂Å∞ D q^èŒOQÍ "åºMϺxOKå~°∞ - XHõ"Õà◊ U^≥·<å ǨÏnã¨∞ |ÅÇ‘Ï#
"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ ~°∞[=Ù QÍqOK«|_ç`Õ, ^•x HÀã¨O '^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
WÖÏ „Ѩ=zOKå~°∞ ÖË^• KÕâß~°∞ ÖË^• P*Ï˝ÑO≤ Kå~°∞ ÖË^• "åiOKå~°∞— ÖÏO\˜ Ѩ^•Å∞
QÍh ÖË^• 'Wk ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ =∂>Ë— Jx ѨÓiÎQÍ #=∞‡HõO HõeyOKÕ W`«~° Ѩ^•Å∞ HÍh
"å_»‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. nxHÀã¨O - '^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»¤
ÖËHõ LÖË¡dOK«|_»¤ ÖËHõ PÜ«∞# ¿Ñ~°∞`À „Ѩ=zOѨ|_»∞`«∂ =ÙO@∞Ok— ÖÏO\˜ Ѩ^•Å∞
HÍh ÖËHõ Wk ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ =∂>Ë Jx ѨÓiÎQÍ #=∞‡HõO HõeyOK«ÖËx W`«~° Ѩ^•Å∞
QÍh "å_®e. "åà◊√§ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - ѨÓiÎQÍ #=∞‡HõO HõeyOKÕ Ñ¨^•Å∞ ˆH=ÅO
ã¨Ç‘Ï =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïã¨<£ HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok# ǨÏnã¨∞Å HÀã¨"Õ∞ "å_®e. q∞QÆ`å "å\˜H˜
HÍ^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Ñ¨ÓiÎQÍ #=∞‡HõO HõeyOKÕ Ñ¨^•Å∞ P ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ 'Wk „áê=∂}˜Hõ
ǨÏn¿ã— J#fl ÉèÏ"åxfl HõÅ∞QÆ*Ë™êÎ~Ú. =∞i WÖÏO\˜ #=∞‡HõO HõeyOKÕ Ñ¨^•Å∞
|ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞Å HÀã¨O "å_ç`Õ - Wk ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ·
J|^•úxfl JO@QÆ@ì_»"Õ∞ J=Ù`«∞Ok.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

35

L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ - ¿+Mò J|∞ÌÖò MÏk~ü a<£ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ Y∞Ô~+· ≤ ǨÏ#Ѷ≤ QÍi
'JÖò W<åÜ«∞ Ѷ‘ =∂iѶ¨ JǨnãπ JÖò Ç≤Ï^•Ü«∞—
=∞iÜ«Ú
'J`«∞Î~°Mò =Öò
=™ê~ÚÖò Ѷ‘ `«„v*ò JǨnãπ Y∞ÖÏ㨠J^ŒÌÖÏ~ÚÖò—, ǨѶ≤*ò *ËÅ~Ú QÍi
'#ãπ|∞„~åÜ«∞ b JǨÏnãπ JÖò Ç≤Ï^•Ü«∞— =∞iÜ«Ú
^•x ã¨OH˜Ñ∆ Ψ q=~°} ~°∂ѨOÖ’ =Ù#fl ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü Jã¨Öö Ïx QÍi
'JkÌ~åÜ«∞—. PÜ«∞#^Õ =∞~À „QÆO^äOŒ
'J`«ÖÎ òvãπ JÖò ǨÏc~ü Ѷ‘ `«„v*ò JǨÏnãπ J„~åѶ~¨ Ú JÖò Hõc~ü— g\˜Ö’ H˘xfl.
WÖÏO\˜ HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok# „QÆO^ä•Å∞ WOHÍ Z<Àfl =Ù<åfl~Ú. "å\˜x QÆ∂iÛ WHõ¯_»
q=iOK«_O» K«~Û° #∞ á⁄_çyOK«_"» ∞Õ J=Ù`«∞Ok.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-g\˜ q=~åÅ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀ=_»O KåÖÏ =∞OkH˜
Hõ+Oì¨ Hõ#∞Hõ "åi HÀã¨O <Õh ѨÙã¨HÎ Íxfl ã¨OHõÅ#O KÕâß#∞. `«^•fi~å "å~°∞ ‰õÄ_®
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A#∞ <Õ~∞° ÛHÀ"åÅx =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞#
Ѩ^uúŒ <Õ ã‘fiHõiOK«QÅÆ QÍÅx.
`«# „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) <À\˜ ^•fi~å =∞#‰õΩ "åQÍÌ#O
KÕã#≤ q+¨Ü∂« xfl <Õ#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞O_ç Ptã¨∞<Î åfl#∞. nxx QÆ∂iÛ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞. U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å ~°∞A=∂~°Oæ
"≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ „Ѩ[Å#∞ PǨfix¿ã,Î ^•xx J#∞ã¨iOz# "åiH˜ ^˘iˆH ѨÙ}ºO J`«xH˜
‰õÄ_® ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok =∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩ[ÅÖ’ U XHõ¯i ѨÙ}ºOÖ’ ‰õÄ_® U =∂„`«O
`«Q∞Æ ^æ ÅŒ =ÙO_»^∞Œ . D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ W=∂"£∞ =Úã≤O¡ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~∞° Å∞ LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
nx `«„v*ò JǨÏnãπ ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ç¨Ï <≥O.863Ö’ J~ÚºOk.
D xÜ«∞=∂xfl ˆH=ÅO „áêg}∞ºÖˇ·# ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ∞ `«Ñ¨Ê =∂ HÍÅѨ٠Ѷ¨ÙHõǨÅ`À
áê@∞ `«=∞`«=∞ ~°OQÍÖ’¡ xëê‚`«∞Öˇ·# ^è•i‡Hõ ѨO_ç`«∞Å∞ ã¨~Ú`«O <Õ_»∞ ÃÑ_»K≥q#
ɡ\Ïì~∞° . "åi D x~°H¡ ∆õ º "≥Y· i =¸ÅOQÍ<Õ "å~°∞ JѨÙÊ_»ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞
QÆ∂iÛ q=iOKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ '^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOK«
|_»∞`«∂ =Ù#fl ǨÏnã¨x—, |ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ QÆ∂iÛ q=iOKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ '^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) WÖÏ „Ѩ=zOKå~°∞— Jx ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`«∂ =ÙO\Ï~°∞. "åã¨"Î åxH˜
D ^èÀ~°}˜ ã¨`åºxH˜ KåÖÏ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ LOk.
1. Ѩa¡+¨~üû <À\ò: D HÀ=Ö’<Õ, D ѨÙã¨ÎHõ ~°K«~Ú`« J~Ú# ¿+Mò JÖσh (~°Ç≤Ï=∞
ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) QÍi 'W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò Ѷ‘ `«„v*ò =∞<å~ü Jã¨ûcÖò— (8 ã¨OѨÙ@Å∞),
'QÍÜ«∞ÇπÏ JÖò =∞~å"£∞ Ѷ‘ `«„v*ò JǨÏnãπ JÖò ǨÏÖÏÖò =Öò ǨÏ~å"£∞—Å∞ ‰õÄ_®
=™êÎ~Ú.
http://TeluguIslam.net

36

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

D ѨÙã¨HÎ õ ã¨OHõÅ<åxH˜ QÆÅ HÍ~°}ÏÅ∞
#=∂A q+¨Ü«∞OÃÑ· XHõ qã¨Î $`«"≥∞ÿ# ѨÙã¨ÎHõO <å‰õΩ Hõ#|_»HõáÈ=_»O
=Å¡, P~å^è#Œ Ö’¡ Hˆ =ÅO ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) q^è•<å<Õfl
J#∞ã¨iOK«QÀˆ~ =Úã≤O¡ ™È^Œ~∞° ʼnõΩ - `«Hƒ© ~ü "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞H˘x `«ã"¡‘ ∞£ =~°‰Ωõ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) Ѩ^uúŒ x `≥e¿Ñ XHõ qã¨Î $`«"∞≥ #ÿ ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ „"åÜ«∂e
J#fl q+¨Ü∂« xfl qkèQÍ <åÃÑ· qkèOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞. `«^•fi~å ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) #∞ „¿Ñq∞OKÕ "åÔ~=Ô~<· å D ѨÙã¨HÎ Íxfl K«kq, `«^∞Œ Ѩi PÜ«∞#
P^Õâ◊O - '#<≥flÖÏÔQ·`Õ #=∂*ò KÕã¨∂Î K«∂âß~À g∞~°∞‰õÄ_® JÖψQ #=∂*ò
KÕÜ∞« O_ç— - "Õ∞~°‰Ωõ "å~°∞‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞# (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) Ѩ^uúŒ
„ѨHÍ~°"∞Õ #=∂AÅ∞ ã¨Å∞ѨÙHÀ"åÅx.
WÖÏO\˜ Hõ+™ì¨ ê^躌 "≥∞#ÿ HÍ~°ºO xq∞`«OÎ <Õ#∞ f„=OQÍ Hõ$+≤KãÕ ,≤ Ѩiâ’kèOz,
#=∂A QÆ∞iOz "Õ~ˆ fi~°∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ xH˜Ñ∆ "Ψ ∞≥ ÿ =Ù#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ÅxflO\˜h
"≥eH˜fâß#∞. P Hõ$+≤, Ѩiâ’^è#Œ ŠѶe¨ `«"∞Õ g∞ =ÚO^Œ∞#fl D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ .
D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’ <Õ#∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ âß„ã¨ÑÎ Ù¨ ã¨∂„`åÅ∞, xÜ«∞=∂Å s`åº Hˆ =ÅO
„áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~° (ã¨#^£) Hõey# ǨÏnã¨∞<Õ á⁄O^Œ∞Ѩ~°KåÅx x~åúiOK«∞
‰õΩ<åfl#∞. JO`«QÍ Z~°∞QÆx ÖË^• |ÅÇ‘Ï# LÖËY¡ ‰õΩÅÃÑ· P^è•~°Ñ_¨ ¤» ǨÏnã¨∞Å
#∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =Ù<åfl#∞. Jq #=∂A Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ÉÏǨϺ ã¨fi~°∂ѨO, ã¨O㨇~°}Å∞,
qt+¨`ì Å« ∞ =O\˜ U q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’<≥<· å HÍx=fiO_ç.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞1 =∞#‰õΩ ã¨iáÈ`åÜ«∞x, |ÅÇ‘Ï#
ǨÏnã¨∞Å J=ã¨~O° =∞#‰õΩ ZO`«=∂„`«O ÖË^xŒ <å „Ñ¨QÍ_è» qâßfiã¨O.
|ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ TǨÏʼnõΩ, J#∞=∂<åňH `åq™êÎ~Ú `«Ñʨ "å\˜=Å¡
LѨÜ∂≥ QÆ"∞Õ g∞ LO_»^∞Œ . =∞i ã¨`º« O J=ã¨~O° ZHõ¯_»∞O^À JHõ¯_» J#∞=∂#O
ZÖÏ LѨÜ∂≥ QÆÑ_¨ ∞» `«∞Ok?
''ã¨`º« O
D q+¨Ü∂« <Õfl JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ WÖÏ q=iOKå_»∞:
™ê÷#OÖ’ J#∞=∂#O U =∂„`«O LѨÜ∂≥ QÆ Ñ¨_^» ∞Œ Hõ^•!—— (#*ò‡ : 28)
JÖψQ ^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ(Î ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )‰õÄ_® WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
''J#∞=∂#O QÆ∞iOz g∞~°∞ `«Q∞Æ *Ï„QÆ`Ϋ =Ç≤ÏOK«O_ç. xã¨ûO^ÕÇϨ OQÍ J#∞=∂#O
Jxfl\˜H<õ åfl ÃÑ^ŒÌ J㨺`«ÑÙ¨ =∂@.——2
1.
2.

„áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅO>Ë Ç¨Ïnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ ã¨Ç‘Ï =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïã¨<£ HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok#
ǨÏnã¨∞Åx J~°÷O. Jq ã¨Ç‘Ï e^•uÇ≤Ï, ã¨Ç‘Ï eÔQ·iÇ≤Ï J~Ú<å HÍ=K«∞Û ÖË^• ǨÏã¨<£
e^•uÇ≤Ï, ǨÏã¨<£ eÔQ·iÇ≤Ï J~Ú<å HÍ=K«∞Û.
|∞MÏi =∞iÜ«Ú =Úã≤¡O. nx `«„v*ò <å ѨÙã¨ÎHõO 'QÍÜ«∞`«∞Öò =∞~å"£∞— Ö’ ‰õÄ_®
J~ÚºOk.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

37

HÍ|\˜ì =∞#O |ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«iã¨∂Î JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ ZO`«=∂„`«O
P~åkèOK«ÖOË . ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ‰õÄ_® =∞#efl D q+¨Ü∞« O
#∞O_ç "åiOKå~°∞: ''g∞‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞x q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ <å `«~Ñ° Ù¨¶ #∞O_ç LÖËd¡ OK«_O»
#∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙO_»O_ç. g∞‰õΩ `≥eã≤# q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ `«Ñʨ .——1
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) |ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ LÖËd¡ O
K«_®<Õfl "åiOKå~°∞ Hõ#∞Hõ "å\˜ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOK«_O» ‰õÄ_® x¿+^è"Œ ∞Õ J=Ù`«∞Ok.
<Õh ѨÙã¨HÎ Íxfl ~Ô O_»∞ ÉèÏQÍÅ∞QÍ ã¨OHõÅ#O KÕâß#∞. "≥Ú^Œ\ k˜ Jã¨Å∞
=¸ÅO HÍQÍ ~Ô O_»=k ^•x ã¨Ç¨ ~Ú (áê^Œã∂¨ zHõ). Jã¨Å∞ =¸ÅOÖ’ <Õ#∞
"åã¨qÎ Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ÖË^• ^•xÖ’ q=iOK«|_»¤ =ÚYº q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ =ÙOKå#∞.
"å\˜x *’_çOK«_®xH˜ =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¨Ùã¨HÎ Oõ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ #∞O_ç PYi =~°‰Ωõ J~°=÷ O`«OQÍ
ZÖÏO\˜ J_»O¤ ‰õΩÅ∞ ÖˉΩõ O_® ™êѶQ‘ Í ™êyáÈ=_®xH˜ J=ã¨~=° ∞#∞‰õΩ#fl KÀ@
ã¨O^Œ~åƒùxH˜ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ `«y# Ѩ^•Å#∞ KÕ~åÛ#∞. JÖψQ ǨÏnã¨∞ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡
QÆ#Hõ XHõ ǨÏnã¨∞ ѨÅ∞ ѨÅ∞ Ѩ^•Å`À xH˜Ñ∆ "Ψ ∞≥ ÿ =ÙO>Ë, q+¨Ü∞« „Ѩ"åǨxH˜
ã¨i`«∂Qˆ Ѩ^•Å∞#fl ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ZOÑ≤Hõ KÕã∞¨ ‰õΩ<åfl#∞. JO`ÕQÍHõ, ^•x`À áê@∞
=zÛ# W`«~° Ѩ^•Å#∞ ‰õÄ_® '=∞~˘Hõ ^•xÖ’ WÖÏ =ÙOk— Jx ÖË^• '=∞~˘Hõ
LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ LOk— JO@∂ KÕ~åÛ#∞. `«^•fi~å Jã¨Å∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯
=¸ÅO K≥_ç áȉõΩO_® `«Q∞Æ *Ï„QÆ`Ϋ =Ç≤ÏOKå#∞. ã¨∞ÅÉè"í ∞≥ #ÿ Ѩ~#°î O =∞iÜ«Ú
P^è•~åÅ∞- g\˜x ã¨=∞‰õÄ~ˆ Û L^ÕâÌ º◊ O`À<Õ Jã¨Å∞ =¸ÅOÖ’ <Õ#∞ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞
LÖËd¡ Oz# „Ѩ=HõÎ ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° x ¿Ñ~°∞QÍh, ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ „HÀ_ôHiõ Oz# W=∂=ÚÅ
¿Ñ~°∞¡ QÍh ™ê=∂#ºOQÍ ~Ú=fiÖË^∞Œ .
1.

ã¨ÇÏ‘ . nxx ui‡l, JǨχ^£ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl JcÃ+É· Ï „HÀ_ôHiõ OKå~°∞. HÍh, "åã¨"Î åxH˜
D ǨÏnã¨∞ |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#^Œx `«~åfi`« <å â’^èŒ#Ö’ `≥eã≤Ok. <å =Å¡ D `«Ñ¨ÙÊ [~°QÆ
_®xH˜ HÍ~°}"Õ∞q∞O>Ë, <Õ#∞ Wɡfl JcÃ+É· Ï Ñ¨~O° Ѩ~#° ∞ „áê=∂}˜H"õ ∞≥ #ÿ kQÍ x~°~‚ ÚOz#
=Ú<ågx J#∞ã¨iOK«_»"Õ∞. HÍh `«~åfi`« ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ <Õ<Õ Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ „QÆO^ä•xfl
K«∂_»_O» [iyOk. `«^•fi~å `≥eã≤O^Õq∞@O>Ë - ui‡l =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~∞° Å∞ U |ÅÇ‘Ï#
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À<≥·`Õ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~À Wɡfl JcÃ+·ÉÏ ã¨~Ú`«O J^Õ |ÅÇ‘Ï#
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ „HÀ_ôHõiOKå~°∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞HÀã¨O g∞~°∞ <å „QÆO^äŒ"≥∞ÿ#
''ã≤ÖòãÅ≤ `«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ J[˚Dá¶ê—— (1783)#∞ K«∂_»=K«∞Û. J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H© nx ™ê÷<åxfl
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) QÍi D „Ѩ=K«#O fã¨∞H˘#flk:
''<å „Ñ¨=K«#O J=Ù<À HÍ^À Jx â◊OHõ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H©, Z=Ô~·`Õ P „Ѩ=K«<åxfl <å "≥·Ñ¨Ù
#∞O_ç LÖËd¡ ™êÎ~À, J`«#∞ J|^•úÅHÀ~°∞QÍ Ñ¨iQÆ}O˜ K«|_»`å_»∞. nxx =Úã≤O¡ =∞iÜ«Ú
W`«~°∞Å∞ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞.

38

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

WHõ ~Ô O_»= ÉèÏQÆO QÆ∞iOz K≥áêÊÅO>Ë - Wk "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ÉèÏQÍxH˜ "åºMϺ#O
ÖÏO\˜k. nxÖ’ <Õ#∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å P^è•~åÅ#∞ KÕiÛ, "å\˜ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~Å° #∞ `«„v*ò
KÕâß#∞. nx`Àáê@∞ "å\˜ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~Å° ÃÑ· =∞iÜ«Ú "å\˜x ã¨=∞i÷OKÕ W`«~° LÖËY¡ <å
ÅÃÑ· "åºMϺxOz, "å\˜ LÖËY¡ ‰õΩÅ „áê=∂}˜H`õ #« ∞ qâ◊^ÑŒ ~¨ z° z=iQÍ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞
âß„ã¨Î xÜ«∞=∂Å „ѨHÍ~°O P ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ „áê=∂}˜H"õ ∞≥ #ÿ "å ÖËHõ |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞#ÿ "å
J#fl q+¨Ü∂« xfl x~°~‚ ÚOKå#∞. JÖψQ, XHõ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À =zÛ# ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ#Hõ,
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° Å∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°=‚ ∞=Ù`å~Ú.
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„Ѩu‰õÄÅ P^è•~åÅ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩu XHõ¯i "å^Œ# Ü≥ÚHõ¯ |Å=Ú, |ÅÇ‘Ï#`«Å#∞
QÆ∂iÛ K«iÛOKå#∞. P `«~åfi`« <Õ#∞ "å@xflO\˜Ö’ ã¨iÜ≥ÿ∞# Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl
Z#∞flH˘x ^•xx "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ÉèÏQÆOÖ’ á⁄O^Œ∞Ѩ~åÛ#∞. JÖψQ ~Ô O_»= ÉèÏQÆOÖ’,
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QÆ∞iOz J~Ú`Õ W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£ J=ã¨~=° ∞=Ù`«∞O^À, JÖÏO\˜ H˘xfl q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ ‰õÄ_®
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D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’x ~Ô O_»∞ ÉèÏQÍÅ#∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ QÍ =Ú„kOK«_O» H˘xfl Jx"å~°º
HÍ~°}ÏÅ =Å¡ „Ѩã∞¨ `Î O« ™ê^躌 O HÍÖËHáõ È`«∞#flO^Œ∞=Å¡ Hˆ =ÅO "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ÉèÏQÆO
=∞iÜ«Ú ‰õΩÑ¡ Ψ q=~°}`À W<å¬ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ D ѨÙã¨HÎ Íxfl =Ú„kOKåÅx x~°~‚ ÚOK«∞
‰õΩ<åflO. nxH˜
'ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#flc
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) q∞#`«HÎ ƒ© ~ü WÅ`«ãÎ "¡‘ ∞£ HÍ#Hõ `«~åǨϗ— (^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO-`«Hƒ© ~ü #∞O_ç `«ã"¡‘ ∞£ =~°‰Ωõ g∞~°∞ K«∂ã¨∞#Î fl@∞¡) Jx ¿Ñ~°∞ ÃÑ\ÏìO.
http://TeluguIslam.net

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

39

D ѨÙã¨HÎ Íxfl Hˆ =ÅO `«# HÀã¨"∞Õ KÕÜ∞« =∞x =∞iÜ«Ú nx ^•fi~å =∂
=Úã≤O¡ ã¨ÇϨ Ÿ^Œ~∞° ʼnõΩ „ѨÜ∂≥ [<åxfl KÕ‰Äõ ~°Û=∞x <Õ#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ "Õ_∞» ‰õΩO
@∞<åfl#∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë PÜ«∞<Õ „áê~°#÷ Å#∞ q<Õ"å_»∞, ã‘fiHõiOKÕ"å_»∂#∞.

D ѨÙã¨ÎHõ ^Œ$HõÊ^äŒO
=∞i D ѨÙã¨HÎ õ L^ÕâÌ º◊ "Õ∞ #=∂AÖ’ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
ã¨ÅO¡ ) q^è•<åxfl `≥eÜ«∞*ËÜ∞« _»O HÍ|\˜ì nxÖ’ <Õ#∞ Hˆ =ÅO XˆH Jaè=∞`åxfl
JO\˜ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x =ÙO_»ÖHË áõ ÈÜ«∂#∞. nxH˜ HÍ~°}O =ÚO^Õ q=iOKå#∞. JO^Œ∞Hˆ
D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’ <Õ#∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ^•fi~å „áê=∂}˜HOõ QÍ
~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« |_ç# q+¨Ü∂« Å<Õ á⁄O^Œ∞Ѩ~∞° ™êÎ#∞. ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`ÅΫ 1 D Ѩ^`úŒ Õ QÆ`O«
Ö’#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú <Õ_∞» 2 ‰õÄ_® =ÙOk. nxH˜ D <å#∞_ç ‰õÄ_® XHõ K«H¯õ \˜
x^Œ~°≈#"Õ∞.
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"åà◊√§! PÜ«∞# ã¨ÇϨ K«~º° O "åiH˜ „áêѨOÎ HÍHõáÈ~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H,© (ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å`À)
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∆ =¸ "å~°∞ PÜ«∞#`À =ÙO\Ï~°∞!!3
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ǨÏnã¨∞ „QÆO^ä•ÅÖ’ =∞iÜ«Ú qq^èŒ Jaè=∞`åÅ `å~°`=« ∂ºÅ#∞ q=iOKÕ Ñ¶H≤ Çõ Ïπ
„QÆO^ä•ÅÖ’ „áê=∂}˜HOõ QÍ ~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« |_ç# Jxfl q+¨Ü∂« Å ã¨=∞„QÆ ã¨O„QÆÇϨ O
ÖÏQÍ LO@∞Ok. nxÖ’x ã¨=∞ã¨Î ã¨`º« q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ QÍ U XHõ¯
Jaè=∞`«OÖ’#∂ ÅÉèíºO HÍ=Ù. JO^Œ∞ˆH JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ~°∞A=∂~°æO K«∂Ñ≤# "å~°∞
W<å¬ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«i™êÎ~∞° .
''JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ `«# J#∞=∞u`À „Ѩ[Å∞ q"å^ŒÑ_¨ #ç ã¨`åºxfl á⁄O^Õ =∂~°Oæ
K«∂áê_»∞. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ `å#∞ HÀi# "åiH˜ ~°∞A=∂~°Oæ K«∂ѨÙ`å_»∞.——4
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J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇ·Ï ÅHÀflg `«# 'W=∂=ÚÖò HõÖÏO Ѷ‘=∂ Ü«∞`åeMò aÖò d~å`ü YÅѶ¨ÙÖò
W=∂"£∞—– 156 ¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å <åºÜ«∞OQÍ ^Œ$+≤ì
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40

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-----ã¨∂„`åÅ ã¨=Ú„^ŒOÖ’ Ö’`«∞QÍ "≥à`◊ å_À, J`«xH˜ YzÛ`«OQÍ `≥e¿ã q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>ËLÅ=∂Å =∞^躌 Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë •Å∞ Hõey# - „Ѩ^•è # =∞iÜ«Ú "å\˜ âßYʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèO
z# q+¨Ü«∂ÅÖ’, JÃÇÏ¡ ǨÏnã¨∞ Jaè=∞`«O "Õˆ~ W`«~° Jaè=∞`åÅ Hõ<åfl |ÅOQÍ
LOk =∞iÜ«Ú ÉèË^•aè„áêÜ«∞ Ö’Ü«∞Ö’ <Õ<≥ѨÙÊ_»∞ +≤HÍ~°∞ÔHo§<å JHõ¯_» ‰õÄ_® JÃÇÏ¡
ǨÏnã¨∞ =∂>Ë <å‰õΩ <åºÜ«∂xH˜ ^ŒQÆæ~°QÍ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok. WÖÏ, "åi qt+¨ì`« J<Õk
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ H˘~°ˆH, ^•x g∞^Õ "åi ѨÙ}ºO =∞iÜ«Ú „ѨuѶ¨ÅO =ÙOk (Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’
WÖÏ<Õ =ÙOk) ZO^Œ∞Hͯ^Œ∞ =∞i! "åã¨Î"åxH˜ "åˆ~ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ‰õΩ "å~°ã¨∞Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú x["≥∞ÿ# J#∞Ü«∂Ü«ÚÅ∞. „Ѩà◊Ü«∞O ~ÀA JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
=∞#efl ‰õÄ_® "åi ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏOÖ’H˜ KÕ~°Û=∞x =∞iÜ«Ú =∞# JO`«O ‰õÄ_® "åi
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2. W=∂"£∞ ã¨∞c¯, `«# Ѷ`¨ å"å (1/148)Ö’ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞ : =Úã≤=¡ ÚʼnõΩ JxflO\˜H<õ åfl
=ÚYº"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞O #=∂*ò. nx QÆ∞iOz `«QÆ∞ *Ï„QÆ`«Î =Ç≤ÏOK«_»O =∞iÜ«Ú nxx
㨄Hõ=∞OQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Û_»O, nx zǨflÅ ™ê÷Ѩ#‰õΩQÍ#∞ ã¨O~°Hõ∆‰õΩÅ∞QÍ =ÙO_»_»O „Ѩu
=Úã≤O¡ qkè. #=∂AÖ’, LÅ=∂Å =∞^躌 UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O (W*χ) =Ù#fl Z<Àfl q+¨Ü∂« Å∞
=Ù<åfl~Ú. "å@xflO\˜h PK«iOK«_»O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i. =∞iH˘xfl q+¨Ü«∂Å#∞ "ålÉò
(`«Ñʨ xã¨i) Jx J#_»OÖ’ LÅ=∂Å∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë OŒ Hõey =Ù<åfl~°∞. D q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡
ã¨<å‡~°æO á⁄O^Œ_®xH˜ Ô~O_»∞ Ѩ^Œú`«∞Å∞ =Ù<åfl~Ú.
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜k - Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^•Å #∞O_ç gÖˇ·#O`« =~°‰õΩ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙO_®e.
Ô~O_»=k- ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å U q+¨Ü«∞"≥∞ÿ`Õ („áê=∂}˜
HõOQÍ) ã¨Ô~·#kQÍ JxÑ≤ã¨∞ÎO^À, ^•x ÃÑ·<Õ PK«iOKåe. #=∂A K«k"Õ =ºH˜Î WÖÏ
KÕÜ«∞QÆey #ѨÙÊ_Õ J`«x #=∂*ò ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°∞`«∞Ok. =∞iÜ«Ú JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "å‰õΩ¯ :
Z=_≥·`Õ `«# „ѨÉèí∞=Ù#∞ HõÅ∞ã¨∞HÀ=_»O QÆ∞iOz ÉèíÜ«∞Ѩ_»`å_À, J`«_»∞ ã¨`å¯~åºÅ∞
KÕÜ«∂e (HõǨÏѶπ : 110)‰õΩ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ =ÙO@∞Ok.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - Ô~O_»= Ѩ^ŒÌ`Õ L`«Î=∞"≥∞ÿ#k. ÃÑ·QÍ W^Õ "ålÉò (`«Ñ¨Êxã¨i)
‰õÄ_®#∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ѩ^Œúu KåÖÏ q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ J™ê^茺O J=_»O`Àáê@∞,
nx =Å¡ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =ã¨Å¡O) P^Õâ◊O - #<≥flÖÏÔQ·`Õ #=∂*ò KÕã¨∂Î
K«∂âß~À g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® JÖψQ #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞O_ç-#∞ <≥~°"Õ~°ÛÖË=Ú. HÍ~°}O, nx
=¸ÅOQÍ J`«x #=∂*ò ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=ÙO@∞Ok. JO^Œ∞ˆH HÍã¨Î „â◊^ŒúQÍ PÖ’zOK«O_ç.
3. D Hõq`« ǨÏã¨<£ a<£ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ #ã¨gk. nxx ǨѶ≤*ò lÜ«∂LnÌ<£ =∞H±^Œã‘ `«#
"åºã¨"≥∞ÿ# 'Ѷ¨[Å∞Öò ǨÏnãπ = JÇπÏÅ∞Ç¨ï— Ü«∞O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
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^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

41

<Õ#∞ J#∞ã¨iOz# xÜ«∞=∂Å`À - JO>Ë Hˆ =ÅO „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å<Õ
JO\˜ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x =ÙO_ç, "å\˜<Õ D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ =∞iÜ«Ú ~åÉ’ÜÕ∞ W`«~° ѨÙã¨HÎ ÍÖ’¡#∂
„QÆO^ä㌠O÷¨ KÕÜ∞« _»O - Jxfl =~åæÅ#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú qq^èŒ Jaè=∞`åÅ "åix Z\˜ì
Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« ÅÖ’#∂ ã¨O`«$Ñ≤ÑÎ ~¨ K° Ö« #Ë #fl q+¨Ü∞« O <å‰õΩ ÉÏQÍ `≥Å∞ã¨∞. JO`ÕHÍ^Œ∞,
nxH˜ „ѨuQÍ "åiÖ’ H˘O^Œ~∞° ÖË^• KåÖÏ =∞Ok ##∞fl q=∞i≈™êÎ~x° , ^Œ∂+≤™êÎ~x°
‰õÄ_® `≥Å∞ã¨∞. HÍh nx QÆ∞iOz <Õ#∞ Ѩ\ Oì˜ K«∞HÀ#∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, JO^Œih
ã¨O`«$Ñ≤ÑÎ ~¨ K° _« O» J<Õk Jã¨Å∞ ™ê^躌 O HÍx Ѩx. JO`ÕQÍHõ, ''Z=Ô~`· Õ „Ѩ[Å#∞
ã¨O`«$Ñ≤ΠѨ~K° _« ®xH˜ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ Jã¨O`«$Ñ≤HÎ ˜ QÆ∞iKÕ™êÎ~À, JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ J`«}‚˜ „Ѩ[ňH
JѨÊy™êÎ_∞» ——1 J#fl ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) „Ѩ=K«#O ‰õÄ_®
LOk.
XHõ Hõq `«# Hõq`«Ö’ q=iOz#@∞¡ „âı+`ª¨ ,« ѨiѨÓ~°`‚ « Hˆ =ÅO JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Hˆ
K≥O^Œ∞`å~Ú.

^Œ∂+≤OKÕ "åi #∞O_ç <Õ#∞ ZѨÙÊ_»∂ `«ÑÊ≤ OK«∞HÀÖË#∞,
H˜+¡ Ñì¨ ~¨ fi° OÖ’x QÆ∞ǨÏÖ’ P„â◊Ü∞« O á⁄Ok=Ù<åfl ã¨~ˆ !
Ǩx ÖˉΩõ O_® „Ѩ[Å`À Z=~°∞ `«ÑÊ≤ OK«∞HÀQÆÅ~°∞?
~å|O^Œ∞Å ~Ô Hõ¯Ö’¡ `«#∞ ^•y=Ù<åfl ã¨~ˆ !
<åH˜^Õ KåÅ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ qâßfiã¨∞ʼnõΩ - 'J#∞ã¨iOK«O_ç— Jx
P*Ï˝ÑO≤ z# J`«∞º`«=Î ∞ =∂~°Oæ W^Õ Jx <å qâßfiã¨O. nx<Õ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
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(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞, `å|~¸Å∞, `«ÉÏ `å|~¸Å∞, P
`«~åfiuHÍÅO "å~°∞ ‰õÄ_® #_çKå~°∞. giÖ’<Õ, D ~ÀA "≥∞*Ïi\© =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅ∞
`«=∞ Jaè=∞`åÅ#∞ PáêkOKÕ #Å∞QÆ∞~°∞ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® KÕi =Ù<åfl~°∞.
"å~°O^Œ~∂° - ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ã¨∞#fl`ü „ѨHÍ~°O
PK«iOK«_O» ÃÑ,· ^•x "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #ˆH =∞à◊§_»OÃÑ· =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ Z=i
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42

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"åi J_»∞QÆ∞ *Ï_»Ö’¡<Õ #_»∞ã¨∂Î ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) „áê=∂}˜Hõ
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ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ "åi Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ L<åfl ã¨~ˆ . "åi P^ÕâßÅ∞, <å‰õΩ D
=∂~åæxfl J#∞ã¨iOK«_®xH˜ =∞iÜ«Ú JO^è•#∞ã¨~°}#∞ `«ºlOK«_®xH˜ KåÖÏ
=~°‰Ωõ „ѨÉÏè q`«O KÕâß~Ú. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ "åiH˜ L`«=Î ∞ „ѨuѶ֨ Ïxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«=∞x
<Õ#∞ "Õ_∞» H˘O\Ï#∞.

ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iã¨∂Î ^•xH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ =Ù#fl "åi Jaèá„ êÜ«∂Å#∞
q_»<å_»=∞x K≥Ñ¿ Ê W=∂=ÚÅ É’^è#Œ Å∞
D q+¨Ü∞« OÃÑ· W=∂=ÚÅ É’^è#Œ Å∞ H˘xfl WHõ¯_» q=iOK«_O» ÖÏÉè™í ê\˜
HÍQÆÅ^Œx <åHõxÑ≤™ÈÎOk. |Ǩïâß Wq, "åih =∞iÜ«Ú "åi Hõ<åfl `«‰Ωõ ¯=
™ê÷~ÚQÆÅ "åix „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOKÕ "åiH˜ XHõ *Ï˝ÑH≤ Qõ Í#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú XHõ
QÆ∞}áê~îO° QÍ#∂ HÍ=K«∞Û. g~°∞ `«=∞ <åÜ«∞‰õΩÅ Jaè=∞`åÅ#∞, Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞
'PHÍâ◊O #∞O_ç J=`«iOz#O`«QÍ— „áê^è•#ºO ~ÚzÛ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í "å\˜x JO\˜
ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x =ÙO\Ï~°∞. HÍx JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =∂„`«O WÖÏ ÃãÅqzÛ =Ù<åfl_»∞:
''„Ѩ[ÖÏ~å! g∞ „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù `«~Ñ° Ù¨¶ #∞O_ç g∞ÃÑ· J=`«iOѨ*Ü
ˇ ∞« º|_ç# ^•xx
J#∞ã¨iOK«O_ç. g∞ „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù#∞ „`Àã≤~å[x W`«~° ã¨O~°H‰∆õ Ωõ Å#∞ J#∞ã¨iO
K«HOõ _ç. HÍh g∞~°∞ Ç≤Ï`«É’^è#Œ ∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» J~°∞^Œ∞. (P~åѶπ : 3)

W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
W=∂=ÚÅÖ’ "≥Ú@ì"Ú≥ ^Œ\ ˜ "å~°∞ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê. PÜ«∞# t+¨µºÅ∞
PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=K«<åÅ#∞, <å<å ~°HÍÅ ÃÇÏK«ÛiHõÅ#∞ PÜ«∞# ^•fi~å LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
"å\˜ ™ê~åOâ◊=∞O`å XHõ¯>Ë. J^Õq∞@O>Ë - „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ `«Ñʨ xã¨iQÍ
ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» , "å\˜H˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ `«ºlOK«_O» .

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

43

1) „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞ <å Jaè=∞`«O.1
2) <å =∂@Å#∞ - <Õ<H≥ ¯õ _ç #∞O_ç "å\˜x fã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl<À `≥eÜ«∞#O`«=~°‰Ωõ
"å\˜ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOK«_O» Z=iH© ^è~Œ ‡° ã¨=∞‡`«O HÍ^Œ∞.2
1.

2.

D =K«<åxfl Wɡfl Pan<£ `«# Ǩ+≤Ü«∂ (1/63)Ö’#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú `«# "åºã¨"≥∞ÿ#
'~°ãπ‡ JÖò =ÚѶ≤Î (1/4), Wɡfl Pan<£ "庙êÅ ã¨O„QÆǨÏ=ÚÖ’#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú ¿+Mò
™êeÇπÏ Ñ¶Ù¨ ÖÏh 'DHÍ*ò JÖò Ç≤Ï=∞"£∞—–62= ¿ÑrÖ’#∂ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞. gˆ~QÍHõ W`«~∞° Å∞
‰õÄ_® nxx á⁄O^Œ∞ѨiKå~°∞. Wɡfl Pan<£, Wɡfl JÖò Ǩï=∂"£∞ QÆ∞~°∞=Ù Wɡfl
J+¨¬Ç¨Ïfl`«∞Öò Hõc~ü QÍi '+¨~°ÇπÏ JÖò Ç≤Ï^•Ü«∞— #∞O_ç PÜ«∞# =∂@Å#∞ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞,
''XHõ"àÕ ◊ „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ#Hõ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê QÍi Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=ÙO>Ë, P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°"Õ∞ PK«iOK«_»O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok =∞iÜ«Ú P ǨÏn¿ã W=∂"£∞
J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê Jaè=∞`«O J=Ù`«∞Ok. W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê#∞ „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨
iOKÕ"å_»∞ (=ÚHõe¡^£) QÆ#Hõ P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOz#ѨÊ\˜H© J`«#∞ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘
Jaè=∞`«O #∞O_ç |Ü«∞@‰õΩ~å_»∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê ^•fi~å „áê=∂
}˜HõOQÍ Wk LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk: ''U q+¨Ü«∞"≥∞ÿ`Õ „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ =ÙO^À J^Õ
<å Jaè=∞`«O.—— D =K«<åxfl Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê =∞iÜ«Ú
W`«~°∞Å ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë – D W=∂=ÚÅ∞, ǨÏnã¨∞ʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# ѨÓiÎ *Ï˝#O
`«=∞ ^ŒQÆæ~° ÖË^Œx ã¨∂zOK«_»O "åi ^è•i‡Hõ*Ï˝# ѨiѨHõfi`«‰õΩ =∞iÜ«Ú JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
Ü≥∞_»Å "å~°∞ Hõey =Ù#fl ÉèíÜ«∞Éèí‰õΩÎʼnõΩ ѨÓiÎ x^Œ~°≈#O. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl W=∂"£∞
ëêѶ~¨ ¸ ‰õÄ_® ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞- =ÚO^Œ∞ =ÚO^Œ∞ ^•x q=~åÅ∞ =™êÎ~Ú - ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë,
"åi ^ŒQÆæiH˜ XHõ ǨÏnã¨∞ KÕi =ÙO_»HõáÈ=K«∞Û. ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ "å~°∞ U^≥·<å ѨeH˜
=ÙO_»=K«∞Û. JO^Œ∞ˆH "å~°∞ =∞#‰õΩ, ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOK«=∞x =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x<Õ
`«=∞ Jaè=∞`«OQÍ ÉèÏqOK«=∞x P*Ï˝Ñ≤OKå~°∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "å~°O^ŒiÃÑ· Hõ~°∞}˜OK«∞QÍHõ!
nxx Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü
'JÖò WOuMÏѶ‘
Ѷ¨*Ï~ÚÖò Jã¨ûÖÏ㨠JÖò J~Ú=∂‡ JÖò Ѷ¨ÙHõǨ— (145= ¿Ñr)Ö’#∂, Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO
'PÅ=ÚÖò =¸d~¸<£— (2/309)Ö’#∂, Wɡfl Pan<£ 'JÖò |ǨÏ~°∞„~å~ÚMò Ǩ+≤Ü∞« —
(6/293) =∞iÜ«Ú '~°ãπ‡ JÖò =ÚѶ≤Η (29,32= ¿ÑrÅ∞)Ö’#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú ëê~åh
'JÖò g∞*Ï<£— (1/55)Ö’ ~Ô O_»= =K«<åxfl ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OKå~°∞. =¸_»= =K«<åxfl JÉσãπ
J^ÒÌi '`åsMò Ü«∞Ǩº a<£ =∞~¸<£— (6/77/1) #O^Œ∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À
J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê t+¨µº_≥·# [Ѷ¨~ü ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. WÖÏO\˜ =K«<åÖË J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê
t+¨µºÖˇ·# [Ѷ¨~ü, J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ, PѶ≤Ü«∂ Wɡfl Ü«∞r^£ ^•fi~å 'JÖò DHÍ*ò— (52=

44

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

XHõ LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk: <å P^è•~åʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# *Ï˝#=Ú
ÖˉΩõ O_®, <å Jaè„áêÜ«∂ʼnõΩ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ f~°∞Ê ~Ú=fi_»O x¿+^èOŒ .
=∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ J^Œ#OQÍ WÖÏ LOk: "Õ∞=Ú =∂#==∂„`«∞ÅO. <Õ_˘Hõ
Ѷ`¨ åfi ~Ú™êÎO, ~ˆ Ѩ٠^•xfl =∞m§ uiy fã¨∞H˘O\ÏO.
WOHÀ LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk: F Ü«∂Y∂Éò (W=∂O J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷ)π !
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ x#∞fl Hõ~∞° }˜OK«∞QÍHõ! <å #∞Oz q<Õ^OŒ `å „"åã¨∞HÀ‰õΩ ã¨∞=∂. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
<Õh~ÀA XHõ Ѷ`¨ åfi ~Ú™êÎ#∞. ~ˆ Ѩ٠=∞m§ ^•xfl uiy fã¨∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞. JÖψQ
~ˆ á⁄Hõ Ѷ`¨ åfi~Ú™êÎ#∞, ZÅ∞¡O_ç ^•xfl uiy fã¨∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞.1

1.

¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞ LÖËd¡ OK«|_®¤~Ú. Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO D =K«<åxfl 'PÅ=ÚÖò =¸d~¸<£—
(2/344) #O^Œ∞ J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ ^•fi~å ^èŒ$=Ѩ~°zKå~°∞. '"Õ∞O =∂#= =∂„`«∞ÅO—
J<Õ J^Œ#Ѩ٠=∂@ Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü'DHÍ*ò Ǩ+≤Ü«∞—(65= ¿Ñr), Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO
=∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOK«|_ç#k.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë, D W=∂=ÚÅ∞ `«=∞ P^è•~åÅ∞ `≥eÜ«∞x =ºH˜Î q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’<Õ
WÖÏO\˜ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ "≥e|∞zÛ`Õ, =∞i Z=Ô~`· Õ - W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂ʼnõΩ
q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ P^è•~åÅ∞ =Ù<åflÜ«∞#fl ã¨`åºxfl `≥eã≤# `«~åfi`« ‰õÄ_® "åi Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å
"Õ∞~°ˆH ^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞ÊÅ∞ ~Úã¨∂Î LO>Ë - "åix QÆ∂iÛ U=∞x P^ÕtOKÕ"å~À! HÍã¨Î
xt`«OQÍ PÖ’z¿ãÎ Jã¨Å∞ D XHõ¯ q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ KåÅ∞ JO^è•#∞ã¨~°}#∞ „|^ŒÌÅ∞ KÕÜ«∞
_®xH˜. D HÍ~°}O =Å¡<Õ <Õ#∞ H˘O`«=∞Ok „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ LÅ=∂Å#∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê QÍi P^è•~åÅ∞ `≥eÜ«∞‰õΩO_® "å~°∞, PÜ«∞# Jaè„áêÜ«∂ʼnõΩ J#∞
QÆ∞}OQÍ f~°∞Ê K≥ѨÊ_®xfl q=∞i≈¿ãÎ - ^•xH˜ "å~°∞ qÉèËkã¨∂Î - Jã¨b =K«<åÅ∞
J|∂ ǨÏhá¶êq HÍ<ÕHÍ=Ù Jx ѨeHÍ~°∞!
W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê D =∂@ ZO^Œ∞Hõ<åfl~°O>Ë - KåÖÏ™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# `«# =∂@#∞
dÜ«∂ãπ (TǨÏÅ ^•fi~å U~°Ê~°∞K«∞‰õΩ#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞) P^è•~°OQÍ Ñ¨eˆH"å~°∞. HÍh
`«~°∞"å`« ^•xHõ<åfl „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ# TÇ¨Ï ÖËHõ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ǨÏnã¨∞ QÍh PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ^˘iH˜`Õ, ^•xx ã‘fiHõiOz `«# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl
`«ºlOKÕ"å~°∞.
W=∂"£∞ ëê~åh 'g∞*Ï<£— (1/62)Ö’ ¿Ñ~˘¯#fl q+¨Ü«∂Å ™ê~åOâ◊O ~Úk: W=∂"£∞
J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê QÆ∞iOz =∂ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° J<Õfi+¨‰õΩÅ qâßfiã¨O Uq∞@O>Ë PÜ«∞# QÆ#Hõ XHõ"Õà◊ ǨÏnã¨∞Å „HÀ_ôHõ~°} - ^•x HÀã¨O ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ∞ qq^èŒ
Ѩ@ì}ÏʼnõΩ „Ѩܫ∂}O KÕã≤# ã¨=∞Ü«∞O =~°‰õΩ QÆ#Hõ rqOz =ÙO_ç LO>Ë =∞iÜ«Ú

45

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO
---

ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ PÜ«∞# ^ŒQÆæ~°‰õΩ KÕi =ÙO>Ë, `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® PÜ«∞# "å\˜x ã‘fiHõiOz `«#∞
'dÜ«∂ãπ— ^•fi~å U~°Ê~°K«∞‰õΩ#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ `«ºlOz =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞. `«^Œ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ
W`«~° Jaè=∞`åÖ’¡ dÜ«∂ãπ, PÜ«∞# Jaè=∞`«O`À áÈeÛ`Õ `«‰õΩ¯=QÍ =Ù#fl>Ë¡, PÜ«∞#
Jaè=∞`«OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® `«‰õΩ¯=QÍ =ÙO_Õk. HÍh PÜ«∞# rq`« HÍÅOÖ’ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞
`å|~¸Å, `«ÉÏ `å|~¸Å ^ŒQÆæ~° "Õˆ~fi~°∞ Ѩ@ì}ÏÅÖ’, „Ѩ^ÕâßÅÖ’ K≥ÖÏ¡K≥^Œ∞Ô~·
=ÙO_»_»O =Å¡ W`«~° Jaè=∞`åÅÖ’ Hõ<åfl PÜ«∞# Jaè=∞`«OÖ’ J=ã¨~°=∞#∞‰õΩ#fl
KÀ@ dÜ«∂ãπ#∞ Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ LѨÜ≥∂yOK«_»O [iyOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë W=∂"£∞ J|∂
ǨÏhá¶ê U q+¨Ü«∂ÅÖ’<≥·`Õ dÜ«∂ãπ#∞ LѨÜ≥∂yOKå~À P q+¨Ü«∂ʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz
Y∞~å#∞, ǨÏnã¨∞ P^è•~åÅ∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ÅaèOz =ÙO_»ÖË^Œ∞. ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ W`«~°
W=∂=ÚÅ rq`« HÍÖÏÖ’¡ ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ∞ qq^èŒ Ñ¨@ì}ÏʼnõΩ, „Ѩ^ÕâßʼnõΩ „Ѩܫ∂}ÏÅ∞
[iÑ≤ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ „HÀ_ôHõiOKå~°∞. D HÍ~°}O =Å¡<Õ, W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê QÍi
Jaè=∞`«OÖ’ dÜ«∂ãπ "å_»HõO, W`«~° W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè=∞`åÅÖ’ Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ
LO@∞Ok.
W=∂"£∞ ëê~åh QÍi ÃÑ· =∂@Å#∞ =∞øÖÏ<å J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇ·Ï ÅHÀflg 'J<åflѶ≤ JÖò Hõc~ü—
(32= ¿Ñr) Ü«∞O^Œ∞ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞. "å\˜x |ÅѨ~°∞ã¨∂Î "å\˜ q=~°} ‰õÄ_® áê^Œ
ã¨∂zHõÖ’ á⁄O^Œ∞ѨiKå~°∞. W+¨ì=Ú#fl "å~°∞ P ѨÙã¨ÎHÍxfl ã¨O„ѨkOK«=K«∞Û.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - D q+¨Ü«∂ÖË W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê QÍiH˜ - J#∞HÀ‰õΩO_®
`«#∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ʼnõΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ #_»=_®xH˜ HÍ~°}ÏÅÜ«∂º~Ú. =∞i K«∂¿ãÎ
~Úk <åºÜ«∞ã¨=∞‡`«"≥∞ÿ# HÍ~°}"Õ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ „Ѩu =∞x+≤ÃÑ· J`«#∞
"≥∂Ü«∞QÆeˆQ ÉèÏ~å<Õfl "≥∂ѨÙ`å_»∞. D HÍ~°}O =Å¡<Õ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ Ǩhá¶ê#∞
H˘O`«=∞Ok J*Ï˝#∞Å∞ ^Œ∂+≤OKÕ q^èŒOQÍ H˜OK«Ñ¨~°K«_»O J<Õk `«QÆx Ѩx. ÃÑ·QÍ
=∞#=∞O^Œ~°O qkèQÍ PÜ«∞##∞ Q“~°qOKåe. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, ^èŒ~°‡ã¨O~°Hõ∆} - ã¨OѨÓ~°‚
~°∂ѨOÖ’ ^•x "åºÑ≤Î =∞iÜ«Ú =∞#^•HÍ D ^èŒ~°‡O ~å=_®xH˜ HÍ~°‰õΩÅ~Ú#
W=∂=ÚÅÖ’ PÜ«∞# ‰õÄ_® XHõ¯~°∞. PÜ«∞# Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞ `«Ñ¨Ê~Ú<å, XѨÊ~Ú<å,
Jxfl Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Ö’¡#∂ PÜ«∞# „ѨuѶ֨ ÏxH˜, ѨÙ}ϺxH© ǨωõΩ¯^•~°∞Å∞. JÖψQ „áê=∂}˜Hõ
ǨÏnã¨∞ʼnõΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ PÜ«∞# Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© PÜ«∞##∞ Q“~°qOKÕ "å~°∞
"å\˜x JO\˜ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x =ÙO_»_O» - Wk ‰õÄ_® `«QxÆ Ñ¨x. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë P Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞
PÜ«∞# Jaè=∞`«O HÍ*ÏÅ=Ù. HÍ~°}O, =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOK«|_ç# PÜ«∞# É’^èŒ#ÖË.
D Ô~O_»∞ ^èÀ~°}∞Å∂ Ju"å^Œ ^èÀ~°}∞ÖË. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ ã¨`«ºO J<Õk D Ô~O_çO\˜
=∞^茺# =Ù#flk.
''F „ѨÉèí∂! =∞=∞‡efl =∂‰õΩ ѨÓ~°fiO qâ◊fiã≤Oz# =∂ ™È^Œ~°∞ÅO^Œih Hõ∆q∞OK«∞. =∂
ǨÏ$^ŒÜ«∂ÅÖ’ qâßfiã¨∞ŠѨ@¡ ZÖÏO\˜ ^Õfiëêhfl HõeyOK«‰õΩ. =∂ „ѨÉèí∂! h=Ù KåÖÏ

46

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(3) <å=∂@ U^≥<· å XHõ"àÕ ◊ Y∞~å#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=ÙO>Ë, <å =∂@#∞ q_çzÃÑ@ìO_ç.1

W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
~ÚHõ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ã,Î PÜ«∞# WÖÏ
„ѨɒkèOKå~°∞:
(1) <Õ#∂ =∂#==∂„`«∞}Ë.‚ <å`À =∞Op =∞iÜ«Ú K≥_∞» ~Ô O_»∂ ã¨OÉèqí OKÕ
1.

HõxHõiOKÕ"å_»=Ù, Hõ~°∞}Ï=∞Ü«Ú_»=Ó#∞.—— (Ǩτ+π : 10)
Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh nxx 'JÖò DHÍ*ò— (50= ¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞ nxx LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. nxx W=∂"£∞
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ "≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ =∞o§Oz `«^Œ∞Ѩi ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D =K«#O =∞iÜ«Ú
WÖÏO\˜ HÀ=ˆH K≥Ok# W`«~° =K«<åÅ∞ =Ú[ÎÇ≤Ï^£ (ã¨∂\˜QÍ P^è•~åÅ∞ ^˘~°Hõx
+¨sÜ«∞`«∞ΉõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# q+¨Ü«∂ÅÖ’, "å\˜H˜ ^ŒQÆæ~°QÍ =Ù#fl P^è•~åÅ#∞ Ö’`«∞QÍ
qâı¡+≤Oz ã¨^Œ~°∞ q+¨Ü«∂ʼnõΩ ã¨=∂^è•#O "≥uˆH"å~°∞) HÀã¨O HÍ=Ù. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë XHõ
=Ú[ÎÇ≤Ï^£ =∞~À =Ú[ÎÇ≤Ï^£ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ =K«<åÅÃÑ· P^è•~°Ñ¨_»_»∞. JO^Œ∞ˆH D =K«<åÅ∞
=ÚHõe¡^£ („QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ"å~°∞)Å HÀã¨O K≥ѨÊ|_®¤~Ú.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - JO^Œ∞Hˆ ëê~åh 'JÖò g∞*Ï<£— (1/26)Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞:
Z=Ô~·<å - <å W=∂"£∞ =∞~°}O `«~åfi`« ^èŒ$=Ѩ~°K«_»|_ç# „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞
=∞iÜ«Ú W=∂"£∞ PK«iOK«x ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ QÆ∂iÛ <Õ<ÕO KÕÜ«∞#∞? Jx J_çy`Õ ^•xH˜ ã¨=∂^è•#O Uq∞@O>Ë - P ǨÏnã¨∞Å „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOK«_»O h q^Œ∞ºHõÎ
^è~Œ ‡° O. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, XHõ"àÕ ◊ g∞ W=∂"£∞ QÆ#Hõ P ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ á⁄Ok =ÙO>Ë, `«Ñʨ ‰õΩO_®
PÜ«∞# "å\˜ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOK«=∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ z =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞. HÍ~°}O, W=∂=ÚÅO^Œ~∂°
+¨sÜ«∞`«∞Î |OnÖË. ~ÚHõ Z=Ô~·`Õ gi Ѩ^Œúux J=ÅOa™êÎ~À, "å~°∞ `«=∞ Ô~O_»∞
KÕ`«∞Å`À â◊√ÉèÏÅ#∞ ‰õÄ_»Éˇ@∞ì‰õΩO\Ï~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Z=Ô~·`Õ - W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè=∞`åxfl
„QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ KåÖÏ =∞Ok K≥¿ÑÊ q^èŒOQÍ-<Õ#∞ <å W=∂"£∞ áê\˜Oz#
ǨÏnã¨∞Å<Õ ã‘fiHõi™êÎ#∞- Jx JO\Ï_À J`«#∞ KåÖÏ â◊√ÉèÏÅ #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°O
QÍqOK«|_®¤_»∞. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ "åiÃÑ· qkèQÍ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - W=∂=ÚÅ
=ã‘Ü«∞`«∞ (gÅ∞<å=∂) „ѨHÍ~°O #_»∞ã¨∂Î, W=∂=ÚÅ `«~åfi`« ^èŒ$gHõiOK«|_ç#
„áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅxflO\˜ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOz =ÙO_®eûOk. W=∂=ÚÅÃÑ· =∂‰õΩ#fl
^Œ$_è» qâßfiã¨"Õ∞q∞@O>ËXHõ"Õà◊ "å~°∞ rqOz =ÙO_ç, `«=∞ =∞~°}O `«~åfi`« ^èŒ$=Ѩ~°K«|_ç# „áê=∂}˜Hõ
ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ QÆ#Hõ á⁄Ok LO>Ë, "å~°∞ `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® P ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã‘fiHõiOz `«=∞
Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ =keÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

47

J=HÍâ◊=ÚOk. JO^Œ∞Hˆ <å =∂@ÅÃÑ,· f~°∞ÊÅÃÑ· ^Œ$+≤ì ™êiOK«O_ç. Y~å#∞,
ǨÏnã¨∞ʼnõΩ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ=Ù#fl q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«O_ç =∞iÜ«Ú Y∞~å#∞,
ǨÏnã¨∞ʼnõΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ `«ºlOK«O_ç.1
(2) `«=∞ „Ѩu =∂@#∞ ã‘fiHõiã¨∂,Î u~°™ê¯~åxH˜ U =∂„`«O `å=ÙÖËx
J~°›`« Hˆ =ÅO ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ‰õΩ `«Ñʨ =∞Ô~=iH© ÖË^∞Œ .
PÜ«∞# (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) „Ѩu =∂@#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» qkè.2
(3) Wɡfl =ǨÏÉò WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: F™êi W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±`À - =ÙEÖ’
HÍe „"Õà§◊ =∞^躌 ã¨O^Œ∞Å#∞ â◊√„ÉèOí KÕÜ∞« _»O QÆ∞iOz J_»Q|Æ _çOk. ^•xH˜
PÜ«∞# - „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ ~ÚÖÏ KÕÜ∞« _»O `«Ñʨ xã¨i HÍ^Œ∞ Jx J<åfl~°∞. nxH˜ <Õ#∞
- JHõ¯_ç [# ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO `«Qˆ æ =~°‰Ωõ xâ◊≈|ÌOQÍ =ÙO_ç, `«^∞Œ Ѩi PÜ«∞#`À 'DlÑπÖì ’ =∂ ^ŒQ~æÆ ° D q+¨Ü∞« O QÆ∞iOz XHõ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok— Jx
J<åfl#∞. W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± <å`À-P ǨÏnã¨∞ Uk? Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. <Õ#∞ PÜ«∞#`À
- Öˇã· π a<£ ™ê^£ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl ÅÇ‘ÏÜ«∞ =∞iÜ«Ú J„Hõ"∞£ a<£ JÖò ǨiãπÅ∞
=∂‰õΩ D ǨÏnã¨∞ qxÊOKå~°∞. Ü«∞r^£ a<£ J„Hõ"∞£ JÖò =∂Ѷs≤ ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞#
1.
2.

D =K«<åxfl Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü 'JÖò *Ï=∞~Ú— (2/32)Ö’ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. nxx Wɡfl
ǨÏ["£∞ 'Lã¨∂Å∞Öò JÇπÏHÍ"£∞— (6/149)Ö’#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¶¨ÙÖÏh JÖò DHÍ*ò, 72=
¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
`«~åfiu HÍÅѨ٠ѨO_ç`«∞Å ^ŒQÆæ~° D =K«#O W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ¿Ñ~°∞ g∞^Œ „Ѩã≤kú
QÍOzOk, =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò Ǩk 'W~å¬^£ J™êûeH± (1/227) #O^Œ∞ D =K«<åxfl
W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ^•fi~å „áê=∂}˜HõOQÍ ^èŒ$=ѨiKå~°∞. HÍh, Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü 'JÖò
*Ï=∞~Ú— (2/91) =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl ǨÏ["£∞ 'Lã¨∂Å∞Öò JÇπÏHÍ"£∞— (6/145, 1779)
#O^Œ∞ nx ǨÏHõ"£∞ a<£ L`≥·ÉÏ, =Ú*ÏÇ≤Ï^£Å =K«#OQÍ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞.
nxx `«dLnÌ<£ ã¨∞ÉòH© 'Ѷ`¨ å"å— (1/148) #O^Œ∞ Wɡfl JÉσãπ =K«#OQÍ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞.
`«^Œ∞Ѩi, D =K«#OÖ’x ™œO^Œ~°ºO, =∞OzÃÑ· P#O^•â◊Û~åºÅ∞ =ºHõÎO KÕã¨∂Î - D
=K«<åxfl Wɡfl JÉσãπ ^•fi~å =Ú*ÏÇ≤Ï^£ =∞iÜ«Ú "åi^ŒÌi ^•fi~å W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±
fã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. z=iH˜ PÜ«∞# `À<Õ D =K«#O „Ѩãk≤ ú QÍOzOk. <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>ËP `«~åfi`« D =K«<åxfl gi ^•fi~å W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ fã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞.
W=∂"£∞ J|∂^•=Ó^£ `«# '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£— 276= ¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ
¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: <Õ#∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£#∞ - ˆH=ÅO ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«Ñʨ , =∞Ô~=fi~°∞ ‰õÄ_® - `«=∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ ѨÓiÎQÍ ã‘fiHõiã¨∂,Î u~°™ê¯~åxH˜
U =∂„`«O `å=ÙÖËx J~°›`« HõeyÖË~°∞— Jx JO@∂ =ÙO_»QÍ q<åfl#∞.

48

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

J|∂ J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨ ‡<£ JÖò Ǩï|∞b ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# =Ú™œÎi^£ a<£ ™ê^•^£ JÖò
Y∞~°+‘ ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ^•fi~å WÖÏ
LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞: <Õ#∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )#∞ `«# z\˜Hõ „"Õe`À
`«# HÍe „"Õà¡◊ ã¨O^Œ∞Å#∞ â◊√„ÉèOí KÕÜ∞« _»O K«∂âß#∞. nxH˜ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± Wk 'ǨÏã¨<£ ǨÏnã¨∞— WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ <Õ<Ñ≥ Ù¨ Ê_»∂ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ q#ÖË^∞Œ - Jx
J<åfl~°∞.
Wɡfl =ǨÏÉò Hõ^#Œä O : nx `«~åfi`« W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±`À =∞~À™êi HÍe„"Õà§◊
ã¨O^Œ∞Å#∞ â◊√„ÉèOí KÕÜ∞« _»O QÆ∞iOz J_çy`Õ, ^•xH˜ PÜ«∞#, "å\˜x ‰õÄ_®
â◊√„ÉèOí KÕÜ∞« =∞x P^ÕtOK«_O» <Õ#∞ q<åfl#∞.1

W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ ~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ã,Î PÜ«∞# ^•fi~å JO^è•#∞
ã¨~}
° ‰õΩ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ Z<Àfl L`«=Î ∞"≥∞#ÿ „Ѩ=K«<åÅ∞ LÖËd¡ OK«|_®¤~Ú.2 PÜ«∞#
É’^è#Œ ÅÃÑ· PÜ«∞# J#∞K«~∞° Å∞ W`«~∞° ÅO^ŒiHõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ PK«iOKå~°∞. "å\˜Ö’
H˘xfl ~Úq:
(1) H˘xfl ǨÏnã¨∞Å~Ú<å =∞~°záȉõΩO_® =ÙO_»x ÖË^• `«# ^•HÍ H˘xfl
ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ KÕ~‰° Ωõ O_® =ÙO_»x =ºH˜Î JO@∂ Z=~°∂ ÖË~∞° . JO^Œ∞Hˆ , XHõ"àÕ ◊
<Õ<˘Hõ =∂@ Jx =ÙO>Ë ÖË^• XHõ xÜ«∞=∞O q=iOz =ÙO>Ë =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xH˜
q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )^•fi~å „Ñ¨=zOѨ|_ç =ÙO>Ë
1.
2.

nxx Wɡfl Jc Ǩu"£∞ '=ÚY^ŒÌ=∞`«∞Öò [~°ÇπÏ = `ånÖò— – 31, 32 ¿ÑrÅ Ü«∞O^Œ∞
¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞. D LÖË¡Y<åxfl ɡ·Ç¨Ïd ã¨∞#<£ (1/81) #O^Œ∞ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞.
Wɡfl ǨÏ["£∞ 'Lã¨∂Å∞Öò JÇπÏHÍ"£∞—(6/11)Ö’ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: JO^è•#∞ã¨~°}
QÍqOK«|_»∞`«∞#fl Ѷ¨ÙHõǨÅ∞ JO^è•#∞ã¨~°}#∞ Jã¨`«ºOQÍ ¿Ñ~˘¯x, `«=∞ ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞
ʼnõΩ, „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ "åix J#∞ã¨iOK«_»O #∞O_ç "åiOKå~°∞. W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ D
q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ JO^ŒiHõ<åfl ^Œ$_èO» QÍ =Ù<åfl~°∞. ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«=∞x =∞iÜ«Ú
"å\˜<Õ ~°∞A=ÙÅ∞, P^è•~åÅ∞QÍ KÕã¨∞H˘O_»x PÜ«∞# P^ÕtOz#O`«QÍ =∞Ô~=fi~°∂
P^ÕtOK«ÖË^Œ∞. JO^Œ∞ˆH PÜ«∞# - `«##∞ „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ "åi #∞O_ç `«##∞
`å#∞ "Õ~°∞Ѩ~°∞K«∞HÀ=_»"Õ∞ HÍHõ ^•xx QÆ∞iOz „ѨHõ\ ˜OKå~°∞ ‰õÄ_®.
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ PÜ«∞# ^•fi~å „Ñ¨[ʼnõΩ „ѨÜ∂≥ [<åxfl KÕ‰Äõ ~°∞ÛQÍHõ! =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# ѨÙ}Ϻxfl
=$kú KÕÜ«ÚQÍHõ! ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë PÜ«∞# Z<Àfl â◊√ÉèÏʼnõΩ HÍ~°‰õΩÖˇ· =Ù<åfl~°∞.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

49

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ÃãÅqzÛ# =∂>Ë ã‘fiHõiOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok
=∞iÜ«Ú <å =∂@ ‰õÄ_® J^Õ J=Ù`«∞Ok.1
(2) =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅO^Œ~∂° UHõ„w=OQÍ JOwHõiOz# q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘iH˜# `«~åfi`« ^•xx =ke
W`«~∞° Å =∂@ÅÃÑ· PK«iOK«_O» ^è~Œ ‡° Ü«ÚHõOÎ HÍ^Œ∞.2
(3) XHõ"àÕ ◊ g∞‰õΩ <å „QÆO^äOŒ Ö’ ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ U^≥<· å q+¨Ü∞« O
^˘iH˜`Õ g∞~°∞ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«O_ç, <å =∂@#∞ `«ºlOK«O_ç. =∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’
~ÚÖÏ =ÙOk: g∞~°∞ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«O_ç =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x „ѨH¯õ ‰õΩ [iy
W`«~∞° Å =∂@Å "≥Ñ· Ù¨ Hõ<fl≥ uÎ ‰õÄ_® K«∂_»HOõ _ç.3
(4) XHõ"àÕ ◊ ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘iH˜`Õ J^Õ <å Jaè=∞`«O.4
1.

nxx ǨH˜"∞£ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ ^•fi~å `≥QxÆ Ñ¨~O° Ѩ~`° À LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞. D q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞
Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü QÍi '`åsMò ^Œq∞+π¯— (15/1/3) Ü«∞O^Œ∞ á⁄O^Œ∞Ѩ~°K«|_ç =ÙOk.
PÅ=ÚÖò =¸d~¸<£ (2/363, 364) =∞iÜ«Ú DHÍ*ò (100= ¿Ñr).
2. Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO (2/361) =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¶¨ÙÖÏh (68= ¿Ñr)
3. ǨÏ~°q '^Œ=Ú‡Öò HõÖÏ"£∞— (3/47/1), YfÉò 'JÖò WÇ≤ÏÎ*Ï*ò aëê¬Ñ¶¨~¸— (8/2), Wɡfl
J™êH˜~ü (15/9/10), #=g 'JÖò =∞E‡J— (1/63), Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO (2/361),
Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh (100= ¿Ñr) Ü«∞O^Œ∞ nxx ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞.
Ô~O_»= LÖË¡Y<åxfl J|∂ #~¸"£∞ 'ǨïeÜ«∞ JÖò BeÜ«∂— #O^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl
Ç≤ÏÉσ<£ 'ã¨Ç‘Ï JÖò WǨû<£— (3284) #O^Œ∞ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ ^•fi~å „áê=∂}˜Hõ
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À WÖÏO\˜ =K«<å<Õfl ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞.
4. W=∂"£∞ #=g 'JÖò =ÚE‡J— (1/63), ëê~åh (1/57), W=∂"£∞ ǨH˜"£∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
ɡ·Ç¨Ïd ^•fi~å Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh (107 = ¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOz `«^Œ∞Ѩi ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
'Wɡfl ǨÏ["£∞ WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: ǨÏnã¨∞ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ ^ŒQÆæ~° 'ã¨Ç‘Ï—
J~Ú<å ÖËHõ W`«~° W=∂=ÚÅ ^ŒQÆæ~° 'ã¨Ç‘Ï— J~Ú<å—.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ ^•fi~å `«~åfi`« =zÛ# =K«#O D J~°O÷ Ö’
ã¨Ê+¨ìOQÍ =ÙOk. nxÃÑ· W=∂"£∞ #=g q=iOz# q+¨Ü«∂Å ™ê~åOâ◊O ~ÚÖÏ
LOk:
=∂ ëêѶ¨~¸ LÅ=∂Å∞ - '`«ã‘fiÉò— (J*Ï<£`Àáê@∞ J^Œ#OQÍ #=∂A HÀã¨O
Ñ≤Å=_»O), J<å~ÀQƺO =Å¡ W„ǨO #∞O_ç |Ü«∞@‰õΩ ~å=_®xH˜ QÆÅ +¨~°`«∞Å∞ =O\˜ q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ëêѶ~¨ ¸ Jaè=∞`« „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ q=iOK«|_»¤ KåÖÏ q+¨Ü∂« Å
QÆ∞iOz D =K«#O „ѨHÍ~°"Õ∞ PK«iOKå~°∞. `«=∞ W=∂"£∞ =∂@Å#∞ `«ºlOz

50

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla
--ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O f~°∞Ê K≥ÑÊ≤ # ëêѶ~¨ ¸ LÅ=∂ÅÖ’ J|∂ Ü«∂Y∂Éò |∞gu =∞iÜ«Ú
J|∞Öò MÏã≤O J^•ÌiH© =Ù<åfl~°∞. ~ÚHõ ëêѶ¨~¸ =ÚǨÏkÌã‘<£ÅÖ’ (ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ∞)
~¸ ^Œ$HõÊ^ä•xfl J=ÅOaOz# "åiÖ’ W=∂"£∞ ɡ·Ç¨Ïd "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·# "å~°∞ =Ù<åfl~°∞.
=ÚO^Œ∞ `«~åÅ ëêѶ¨~¸ LÅ=∂ÅÖ’ XHõ =~°æO =ÙO_Õk. "åiH˜ U q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’<≥·<å
ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘iH˜`Õ =∞iÜ«Ú `«=∞ W=∂=Ú Jaè=∞`«O QÆ#Hõ P ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ
=ÙO>Ë, "å~°∞ P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOz, ^•x Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ<Õ f~°∞Ê K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞,
`«^∞Œ Ѩi 'ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ =Ù#fl Jaè=∞`«"∞Õ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ Jaè=∞`«O— Jx q=iOKÕ"å~°∞.
¿+Mò J|∂ J„"£∞ Wɡfl Jã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
XHõ ëêѶ¨~¸H˜ QÆ#Hõ XHõ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘iH˜, P ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ#Hõ J`«x Jaè=∞`åxH˜
=ºuˆ~HõOQÍ =ÙO>Ë - J`«_»∞ ^•xfl ѨiH˜OKåe. XHõ"Õà◊ W*ˇÎǨ^£ ™ê=∞~å÷ºxfl Hõey
=ÙO>Ë ÖË^• Hõhã¨O (ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’) ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»¤ q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ Ѩiâ’^èŒ# [iÑ≤=ÙO>Ë,
J`«#∞ P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOKåe. XHõ"Õà◊ J`«#∞ W*ˇÎǨ^£ =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¨iâ’^èŒ<å
™ê=∞~å÷ºÅ#∞ Hõey =ÙO_»#ѨÊ\˜H©, ǨÏnã¨∞ =ºuˆ~Hõ`« J`«xH˜ ÉèÏ~°OQÍ JxÑ≤¿ãÎ,
K«~°ÛÅ∞, qâı¡+¨}Å `«~åfi`« ‰õÄ_® P ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ =ºuˆ~H˜OK«_®xH˜ ã¨Ô~·# HÍ~°}O
ÅaèOK«HõáÈ`Õ - JÖÏO\˜ Ѩiã≤÷`«∞Ö’¡ J`«#∞ P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOKåe. ^•xH˜
QÆÅ +¨~°`«∞ Uq∞@O>Ë - P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ HÍHõ "Õˆ~ W`«~°
W=∂=Ú Z=Ô~<· å PK«iOz =ÙO_®e. D Ѩiã≤u÷ Ö’ J`«#∞ `«# W=∂=Ú Jaè=∞`åxfl
`«ºlOK«=K«∞Û. W=∂"£∞ Wɡfl Jã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ QÍi D =∂@ ZO`À L`«Î=∞"≥∞ÿ#k =∞iÜ«Ú
x~°‚Ü«∂`«‡Hõ"≥∞ÿ#k. "åã¨Î=O JÖÏ¡ÇπψH `≥Å∞ã¨∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-~ÚHõ¯_» WOHÀ Ѩiã≤÷u ‰õÄ_® U~°Ê_Õ J=HÍâ◊=ÚOk. nxx
Wɡfl Jã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ K«iÛOK«‰õΩO_® =kÖËâß~°∞. J^Õq∞@O>Ë XHõ"Õà◊ P =ºH˜Î - P ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOz# U W=∂=Ú#∞ ‰õÄ_® á⁄Ok
=ÙO_»Háõ È`Õ - JÖÏO\˜ Ѩiã≤u÷ Ö’ J`«#∞ UO KÕÜ∂« e?
D „Ѩâ◊fl‰õΩ ã¨=∂^è•#O `«dÜ«ÚnÌ<£ ã¨∞ÉòH©, `«# "åºã¨O 'M∫Åëê¬Ñ¶¨~¸.... W*Ï
ã¨Ç¨ÏÖò ǨÏnãπ— (2/102) #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ~ÚKåÛ~°∞: <å ^ŒQÆæ~° ǨÏnã¨∞ J#∞ã¨~°}
`«Ñ¨Êxã¨i. =∞x+≤ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞, `å#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =ÚO^Œ∞
xÅ|_ç qO@∞<åfl#x ÉèÏqOKåe. =∞i WÖÏO\˜ Ѩiã≤÷uÖ’ J`«xH˜ ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O
PK«iOK«_O» `«Ñʨ =∞~À =∂~°"æ ∞Õ ^≥<· å =ÙO@∞O^•? JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ™êH˜Q∆ Í! Jã¨ûÅ∞ =ÙO_»^∞Œ .
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë „Ѩu =ºH©Î J`«x PHõoOѨ٠â◊H˜Î "Õ∞~°ˆH ÉÏ^èŒ∞º_»∞.
D q+¨Ü«∂xfl =∞iO`« Ö’`«∞QÍ qâı¡+≤OKÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ K«^Œ=^ŒQÆæ° Ñ¨Ùã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ - PÅ=ÚÖò
=¸dÜ«∂<£ (2/302   370), Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh QÍi

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

51

(5) h‰õΩ1 ǨÏnã¨∞ *Ï˝#O <å Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ =ÙOk. JO^Œ∞Hˆ hÔHѨÙÊ_»∞
ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘iH˜<å <å‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞*Ëã∂¨ Î LO_»∞. Jk ‰õÄá¶ê #∞Oz =zÛ<å,
|„™ê #∞O_ç =zÛ<å, ã≤iÜ«∂ #∞O_ç =zÛ<å ÖËHõ W`«~° U „áêO`«O #∞O_ç
=zÛ<å 㨈~. Jk QÆ#Hõ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#^≥·`Õ <Õ#∞ ^•xx <å Jaè=∞`«OQÍ
KÕã¨∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞.
(6) U q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’<≥<· å ǨÏnã¨∞ "Õ`ÅΫ ^ŒQ~æÆ ,° <å =∂@‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ

1.

'DHÍ*ò Ç≤Ï=∞"£∞ LÅ∞Öò JÉò™ê~ü—.... Wk `«# q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ J`«∞º`«Î=∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO. „Ѩu
ã¨`åº<Õfi+¨‰õΩxH˜ D ѨÙã¨ÎHÍxfl J~°÷O KÕã¨∞‰õΩO@∂, PÖ’zã¨∂Î K«^Œ=_»O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i.
'h‰õΩ— Jx ã¨OÉ’kèOK«|_»¤ "å~°∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ a<£ ǨÏO|Öò.
nxx Wɡfl Jc Ǩu"£∞ 'P^•Éò Jëê¬Ñ~¨¶ ¸— (94-95 ¿ÑrÅ∞), J|∂ #~¸"£∞
'ǨïÖϺ JÖò BeÜ«∂— (9/106), YfÉò 'JÖò WÇ≤ÏÎ*Ï*ò aëê¬Ñ¶¨~¸— (8/1) =∞iÜ«Ú
'YfÉò ^•fi~å Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü— (15/9/1), Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü 'JÖò WxÎMÏ— (75= ¿Ñr)
#O^Œ∞, Wɡfl JÖò *∫l, '=∞<åH˜Éò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£— (499 ¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞, =∞iÜ«Ú
ǨÏ~°g 'A=ÚÖò HõÖÏ"£∞ = JÇπÏÅǨï—(2/47/2) #O^Œ∞ =¸_»∞ "≥·Ñ¨ÙÅ #∞O_ç ~ÚÖÏ
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞: J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ JǨχ^£ a<£ ǨÏO|Öò `«# `«O„_ç W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ ^•fi~å
W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ `«#`À D =∂@ J<åfl~°x LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. ~ÚÖÏ D =K«#O
W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ =~°‰õΩ Ѩ~°OѨ~° s`åº „áê=∂}˜HõOQÍ =Ù#flk. D HÍ~°}O =Å¡<Õ
Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO 'PÅ=ÚÖò =¸d~¸<£— (2/325) #O^Œ∞, =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¶Ù¨ ÖÏh 'JÖò
DHÍ*ò—, 152 ¿Ñr Ü«∞O^Œ∞ D =K«<åxfl W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸H˜ PáêkOKå~°∞.
P `«~åfi`« Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
''W=∂"£∞ ɡ·Ç¨Ïd WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D HÍ~°}O KÕ`«<Õ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ ^ŒQÆæ~°
ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«~°} Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok. HÍ~°}O, PÜ«∞# Ç≤Ï*Ï*ò "åi #∞O_ç,
ã≤iÜ«∂ "åi #∞O_ç, Ü«∞=∞<£ "åi #∞O_ç, W~åMò "åi #∞O_ç *Ï˝<åxfl ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OKå~°∞.
`«^∞Œ Ѩi, U =∂„`«O ѨHá∆õ ê`«O K«∂Ѩ‰Ωõ O_® `«#‰õΩ ÅÉèºí "≥∞#ÿ ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅxflO\˜ÃÑ<· å
PK«iOKå~°∞. ã¨`«ºO qâ◊^Œ=∞Ü«∂ºHõ `«# Ѩ@ì}"åã¨∞Å Jaè=∞`åxfl ã¨~Ú`«O MÏ`«~°∞
KÕÜ«∞ÖË^Œ∞. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ - `«=∞ =ºuˆ~‰õΩÅ Jaè=∞`åxH˜ ã¨O|OkèO
z# "åã¨Î"åÅ#∞ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀ=_®xH˜ „Ѩܫ∞`«flO ‰õÄ_® KÕÜ«∞‰õΩO_®, ˆH=ÅO `«=∞
Jaè=∞`åxˆH JO\˜ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x =Ù#fl H˘O^Œ~°∞ JHõ¯_» =Ù<åfl~°∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞#bfl, "åih Hõ∆q∞OK«∞QÍHõ!

52

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ#Hõ =ÙO>Ë, <Õ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ <å
=∂@#∞ "≥#‰õΩ¯ fã¨∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞. Jk <å rq`« HÍÅOÖ’<≥<· å ã¨~ˆ ÖË^• <å
=∞~°}ÏxH˜ `«~åfi`« J~Ú<å ã¨~ˆ .1
(7) g∞Ô~ѨÙÊ_≥<· å ##∞fl, ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =∂\Ï¡_∞» `«∞O_»_O»
K«∂¿ã,Î <å‰õΩ =∞u „Éèqí ∞OzO^Œx `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀO_ç.2
(8) <å =∂@ U^≥<· å HÍx=fiO_ç - ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ XHõ"àÕ ◊ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) „Ѩ=zOz =ÙO>Ë - WÖÏO\˜ ã≤÷uÖ’ ǨÏnã¨∞
J#∞ã¨~}
° `«Ñʨ xã¨i J=Ù`«∞Ok =∞iÜ«Ú <å J#∞ã¨~}
° gyáÈ`«∞Ok.3
(9) ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) QÍi „Ѩu ǨÏnã¨∂ <å
=K«#O. g∞~°∞ ^•xx <å <À@ q#HõáÈ~Ú<å ã¨~ˆ .4

W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ a<£ ǨÏO|Öò ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ a<£ ǨÏO|Öò ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ W=∂=ÚÅO^ŒiÖ’ÔHÖÏ¡
Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ *Ï˝#=Ú Hõey =ÙO_»_O» `Àáê@∞, JO^Œi Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ
"å\˜ÃÑ· PK«iOz# "å~°∞. JO^Œ∞Hˆ TǨÏÅ∞, J#∞=∂<åÅ#∞ ѨÙã¨HÎ ~õ ∂° ѨOÖ’
ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OK«_®xfl ‰õÄ_® W+¨Ñì _¨ "Õ å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞.5 JO^Œ∞Hˆ PÜ«∞# WÖÏ É’kèOKå~°∞:
(1) <å Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl J#∞ã¨iOK«HOõ _ç. ëêѶ~¨ ¸, B*Ï~¸ =∞iÜ«Ú
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

nxx J|∂ #~¸"£∞– 'ǨïÖϺ— (9/107), ǨÏ~°g– 'A=ÚÖò HõÖÏ"£∞— (47/1),
Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO– 'PÅ=ÚÖò =¸d~¸<£— (2/363) =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¶Ù¨ ÖÏh– 'DHÍAÖò
ǨÏ=∞"£∞— (104= ¿Ñr) Ü«∞O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
D =K«<åxfl Wɡfl Jc Ǩu"£∞– 'P^•|∞ëê¬Ñ~¨¶ ¸— (93= ¿Ñr), J|∞Öò MÏã≤O
ã¨=∞~ü YOn– 'P=∂b— #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOz#@∞¡ J|∂ ǨÏѶπû JÖò =ÚJ^ŒÌÉò – '=Ú#Îv
JÖò P=∂b—(234/1) #O^Œ∞ q=iOKå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú J|∂ #~¸"£∞ –'ǨïÖϺ— (9/
106) #O^Œ∞, Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü–'`åsMò— (1510/1) #O^Œ∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
nxx „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À Wɡfl Jc Ǩu"£∞– 'P^•Éò Jëê¬Ñ¶¨~¸— (93= ¿Ñr),
J|∂ #~¸"£∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü –`åsMò ^Œq∞+π¯ (15/9/2) #O^Œ∞ LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
nxx Wɡfl Jc Ǩu"£∞– P^•Éò Jëê¬Ñ~¨¶ ¸ (93-94= ¿ÑrÅ∞) #O^Œ∞ LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
nxx Wɡfl JÖò*∫l –'=∞<ådÉò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£— (192 ¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

53

™œsÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl ‰õÄ_® J#∞ã¨iOK«HOõ _ç. gÔ~Hõ¯_ç #∞O_≥`· Õ q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞
ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OKå~À, JHõ¯_ç #∞O_Õ g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® fã¨∞HÀO_ç.1
=∞~˘Hõ LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ =ÙOk: ^è~Œ ‡° O q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ giÖ’x Z=i
Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl ‰õÄ_® fã¨∞HÀHõO_ç. ˆH=ÅO ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å ^•fi~å ~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« |_ç# "å\˜x ã‘fiHõiO
K«O_ç. ~ÚHõ `å|~¸Å q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ã,Î "åi =∂@Å#∞ ã‘fiHõiOKÕ ÖË^• u~°ã¯¨ iOKÕ
ǨωõΩ¯ g∞‰õΩ#flk.
=∞~À™êi ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: J#∞ã¨iOK«_=» ∞O>Ë - ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ^•fi~å =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å ^•fi~å ~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« |_ç#
q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ =∞x+≤ J#∞ã¨iOK«_O» . `«^∞Œ Ѩi, `å|~¸Å =∂@Å#∞ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ
ÖË^• =ke ÃÑ>Ëì JkèHÍ~°O J`«xH˜ =ÙOk.2
(2) B*Ï~¸, =∂eH± =∞iÜ«Ú J|∂ ǨÏhá¶êÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞ Hˆ =ÅO
Jaè„áêÜ«∂ÖË. P^è•~åÅ∞ HÍHõáÈ=_»OÖ’ J=hfl <å ^ŒQ~æÆ ° ã¨=∂#"Õ∞. P^è•~åÅ∞
Hˆ =ÅO ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å
^•fi~å LÖËd¡ OK«|_ç#q =∂„`«"∞Õ .3
(3) ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ u~°ã¯¨ iOz#
"å_»∞ =∂~°„æ Éè+í Ѫ¨ Ù¨ JOK«∞ÅÃÑ· xÅ|_ç =Ù<åfl_»∞.4
ǨÏnã¨∞Å „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOK«=∞O@∂ =∞iÜ«Ú `«=∞#∞ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iO
K«_®xfl "åiã¨∂,Î #Å∞QÆ∞~°∞ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ É’kèOz# q+¨Ü∂« eq. W=hfl ã¨Ê+¨Oì
QÍ#∂, `Õ@`≥ÅO¡ QÍ#∂ =ÙO_ç "åºMϺ<åxH˜ ã¨~Ú`«O J=HÍâ◊O ÖËx q^èOŒ QÍ
=Ù<åfl~Ú.
ÃÑ· É’^è#Œ Å „ѨHÍ~°O #_»∞ã¨∂Î ~ÚHõ Z=Ô~<· å, W=∂=ÚÅ H˘xfl Jaè„áêÜ«∂
Å`À qÉèkË Oz, ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Å „ѨHÍ~°O PK«i¿ãÎ - J`«#∞ - "åi Jaè=∞`åxfl
qÉèkË Oz# "å_»∞ HÍ*ÏÅ_»∞ ã¨iHõ^• "åi Ѩ^uúŒ #∞O_ç ‰õÄ_® |Ü«∞@‰õΩ ~å_»∞.
ÃÑQ· Í J`«#∞ W=∂=ÚÅO^Œsfl J#∞ã¨iã¨∂,Î ZѨÊ\˜H© „`≥yáÈx |Å"≥∞#ÿ „`å_»∞#∞
Ѩ@∞ì‰õΩ#fl"å_»=Ù`å_»∞.
1.
2.
3.
4.

nxx Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh– 'DHÍAÖò ǨÏ=∞"£∞—, 113= ¿Ñr Ü«∞O^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO–
'PÅ=ÚÖò =¸d~¸<£—(2/302) #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
nxx J|∂^•=Ó^£–'=∞™êÜ«∞Öò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£—-276, 277= ¿ÑrÅÖ’
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò – |„~ü '*Ï=∞~Ú |Ü«∂xÖò WÖò‡ (2/149)
Wɡfl JÖò *∫l – '=∞<ådÉò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ - 182= ¿Ñr

54

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

"åã¨"Î åxH˜ W=∂=ÚÅ Jq^èÜ
Õ Ú« _»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú u~°™ê¯i Z=_»O>Ë - Hˆ =ÅO
`«=∞ W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂ʼnõΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =Ù<åflÜ«∞#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ ã¨Ç‘Ï
ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã¨~Ú`«O `«ºlOz#"å_»∞.
HÍ~°}O JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞:

''F =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£! h „ѨÉèí∞=Ù ™êH˜∆QÍ! "å~°∞ `«=∞ Ѩ~°ã¨Ê~° qÉèË^•Å
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KÕã<≤ å, ^•xx QÆ∞iOz "åi =∞#ã¨∞ûÅÖ’ ‰õÄ_® U =∂„`«O ã¨OHÀK«O ÖˉΩõ O_®
^•xx Ü«∞^è•`«^äŒOQÍ t~°™ê=Ç≤ÏOK«#O`« =~°‰õΩ "å~°∞ x["≥∞ÿ# qâßfiã¨∞Å∞
HÍÖË~°∞.——1
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J=`«iã¨∞OÎ ^Õ"∂≥ Jh ÉèÜ
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ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl ~°[Éò ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞:
Z=iÔH<· å ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ#Hõ ^˘iH˜`,Õ
~ÚHõ J`«xÃÑ· qkèQÍ =ÙO_Õ q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ^•xx J`«_∞» L=∞‡`ü (=Úã≤O¡
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J#∞ã¨iOK«=∞x P^ÕtOKåe. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
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W=∂=Ú Jaè„áêÜ«∞O`À áÈeÛ<å - Q“~°"åxH©, J#∞ã¨~}
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Hõey LOk. JO^Œ∞ˆH ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞
=∞iÜ«Ú "åi `«~åfiu `«~åÅ "å~°∞ ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ =ºuˆ~H˜OKÕ "åix
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x™ê : 65
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^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

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YO_çOKå~°∞. H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ KåÖÏ Hõi#î OQÍ ‰õÄ_® =º=ǨÏiOKå~°∞.1
nxH˜ HÍ~°}O "åi g∞^Œ =ºH˜QÎ `Æ « ^Õfi+¨O ZO`« =∂„`«O HÍ^Œ∞. ÃÑQ· Í
"å~°O>Ë Q“~°==¸, „¿Ñ=∞ =ÙO_Õq. HÍh "åi ^ŒQ~æÆ ° ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) Z‰õΩ¯= „Ñ≤ÜÚ« Öˇ· =Ù<åfl~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤
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<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-"å~°∞ `«=∞ ã¨fiO`« `«O„_»∞Å∞ ÖËHõ LÅ=∂Å∞ J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H© W=∂"£∞ `«Ç¨q '+¨~°ÇπÏ =∞Px JÖò P™ê~ü— (1/372) #O^Œ∞, J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ `«#
'=Úã¨fl^£— (3/1317)#O^Œ∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À ™êe"£∞ a<£ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ L=∞~ü
^•fi~å ~ÚÖÏ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞: <Õ<˘Hõ ~ÀA =∞ã≤˚^≥ #|g ֒ѨŠJ|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ L=∞~ü`À
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^ŒQÆæiH˘zÛ Ç¨Ï*ò `«=∞`«∞Î QÆ∞iOz J_çQÍ_»∞. Wɡfl L=∞~ü ["åaã¨∂Î - 'J^˘Hõ =∞Oz
PK«~°}— Jx ѨeHÍ~°∞. P =ºH˜Î =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ - =∞i g∞ <å#flQÍ~°∞ (L=∞~ü) nx
#∞O_ç "åiOKÕ"åˆ~? Jx J<åfl_»∞. ^•xHÍÜ«∞# - h áê_»∞QÍ#∞! ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ PK«iOz P*Ï˝Ñ≤Oz# ^•xfl =∂ <å#flQÍ~°∞ "åi¿ãÎ,
h=Ù PÜ«∞# Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl ã‘fiHõi™êÎ"å ÖËHõ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
QÍi P[˝<å? Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. P =ºH˜Î ["åaã¨∂Î - '^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) P[˝<Õ ã‘fiHõi™êÎ#∞— Jx ѨeHÍ_»∞. Wɡfl L=∞~ü =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ - =∞Ô~·`Õ "≥à◊√§.
("≥o§ ^•xx xã¨ûOHÀK«OQÍ PK«iOK«∞) Jx ѨeHÍ~°∞.
D ã¨OѶ¨∞@##∞ ^•^•Ñ¨Ù W^Õ q^èŒOQÍ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ `«# '=Úã¨fl^£— (ǨÏnã¨∞
<≥O.5700) #O^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ui‡l `«# 'ã¨∞#<£— (2/82) #O^Œ∞ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞.
Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü '`åsMò— (7/51/1) #O^Œ∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ a<£ J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨‡<£ a<£ J|∂
[~ÚÉò ^•fi~å =∞~À ã¨OѶ¨∞@##∞ ~ÚÖÏ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞:
™ê^£ a<£ W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï"£∞- JO>Ë Wɡfl J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨‡<£ Wɡfl BѶπ, ~°aÜ«∂ a<£ J|∂
J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨ ‡<£ QÍi Ѷ`¨ åfi (^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞Ê) „ѨHÍ~°O XHõ =ºH˜HÎ ˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ f~°∞ÊxKåÛ~°∞.
<Õ#`«xH˜ PÜ«∞# f~°∞ʉõΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =Ù#fl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
ǨÏnã¨∞ <˘Hõ^•xfl qxÑ≤OKå#∞. ^•xH˜ ™ê^£-~°aÜ«∂`À =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂-'DÜ«∞# Wɡfl
J|∂ [~ÚÉò QÍ~°∞-<å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ qâ◊fiã¨hÜ«∞"≥∞ÿ# LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ∞. g~°∞ <å x~°‚Ü«∂xH˜
q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =Ù#fl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ǨÏnã¨∞<˘Hõ^•xx LÖË¡dã¨∞Î
<åfl~°∞— Jx J<åfl~°∞. ^•xH˜ ~°aÜ«∂ ["åaã¨∂Î - '<Õ#∞ W*ˇÎǨ^£ KÕâß#∞, ~ÚHõ g∞
x~°‚Ü«∞O J=∞Å∞Ö’H˜ =zÛ#>Ë¡— Jx J<åfl~°∞. ™ê^£ =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ - |ÖË Pâ◊Û~°ºOQÍ
=ÙO^Õ! <Õ#∞ ™ê^£ x~°‚Ü«∂xfl J=∞Å∞Ö’H˜ `ÕQÆey`Õ =∞i ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) x~°‚Ü«∂xfl J=∞Å∞Ö’H˜ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ `ÕÖË#∞? <Õ<≥·`Õ ™ê^£ Wɡfl L"≥∞‡
™ê^£ x~°‚Ü«∂xfl ~°^Œ∞ÌKÕã≤ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ x~°‚Ü«∂xfl J=∞Å∞Ö’H˜ `≥™êÎ#∞. `«^Œ∞Ѩi ™ê^£
`«# x~°‚Ü«∞ Ѩ„`åxfl `≥Ñ≤ÊOz zOÑ≤"Õâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú "≥Ú^Œ@ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ f~°∞ÊxzÛ#
=ºH˜ÎH˜ J#∞‰õÄÅOQÍ f~°∞ÊxKåÛ~°∞.

56

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= ã¨ÅO¡ ) P^ÕâO◊ „Ѩu „áê}˜ P^ÕâO◊ Hõ<åfl „âı+"ª¨ ∞≥ ÿ =Ù#flk. JO^Œ∞Hˆ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) P^ÕâßxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ QÆ#Hõ Z=i Jaè„áêÜ«∞"≥∞<ÿ å
=ÙO>Ë, ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) P^Õâ"◊ ∞Õ K≥Å∞¡`∞« Ok =∞iÜ«Ú
^•x<Õ J#∞ã¨iOKåeû LO@∞Ok. nxH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ Jaè„áêÜ«∞O Hõey=Ù#fl
W=∂=Ú ZO`«\ ˜ Q“~°=„Ѩ^"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ =ºH˜Î J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H,© J`«#∞ Hõ=∆ ∂~°∞›_#·≥ ѨÊ\˜H,©
J`«x g∞k Q“~°=O (ǨÏnã¨∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» Ö’) J_»O¤ H˜ H͉õÄ_»^∞Œ .1 ÃÑQ· Í P
W=∂=Ú ‰õÄ_® ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) P^ÕâßxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=Ù#fl `«# Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl `«ºlOK«_®xfl ZѨÙÊ_»∂ J~Ú+¨Ñì _¨ _» ∞» .2
W=∂=ÚÅ∞ D q+¨Ü∂« xfl Jã¨Å∞ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ J~Ú+¨Ñì _¨ `» å~°∞? "åã¨"Î åxH˜
"åˆ~ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ `«=∞ J#∞K«~∞° ʼnõΩ - ~ÚO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOK«|_ç# q^èOŒ QÍã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«=∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ z `«^∞Œ Ѩi ã¨∞#fl`ü‰Ωõ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl `«=∞
=∂@Å#∞ `«ºlOK«_®xfl `«Ñʨ xã¨i KÕã≤ =Ù<åfl~°∞. ÃÑQ· Í W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ J~Ú`Õ,
`«# J#∞K«~∞° ʼnõΩ -ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ `«#"≥Ñ· Ù¨ PáêkOK«=∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ z =Ù<åfl~°∞`«#∞ "å\˜ „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOz<å ÖËHõ "å\˜H˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ PK«iOz =Ù<åfl.
D HÍ~°}O =Å¡<Õ qâı+¡ ‰¨ Ωõ Öˇ#· `«dÜ«ÚnÌ<£ Wɡfl ^•H©H± JÖò D^£ XHõ
ã¨∂Å÷ "≥∞#ÿ ã¨OѨÙ\˜Ö’ ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl JO^Œi ÖË^• H˘O^Œ~∞°
W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ „HÀ_ôHiõ Oz, ^•x P~°OÉèOí Ö’<Õ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
D q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ =Ú[ÎÇÏ≤ ^£ W=∂=ÚÅ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ PáêkOK«_O» ǨÏ~å"£∞. =ÚHõe^¡ £
Ѷ٨ HõÇ¨ Å∞ (W=∂=ÚÅ#∞ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOKÕ Ñ¶Ù¨ HõÇ¨ Å∞) g\˜ QÆ∞iOz `≥Å∞ã¨∞
HÀ=_»O `«Ñʨ xã¨i. `«^•fi~å "å~°∞ D q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ W=∂=ÚÅ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ PáêkOz,
`«ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∞ P~ÀѨ}Å∞ KÕÜ∞« _»OÖ’ ~Ú~°∞‰õΩ¯áȉõΩO_® =ÙO\Ï~°∞.3
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ÃÑ·QÍ "å~°∞ J#∞„QÆǨxH©, ѨÙ}ϺxH˜ J~°∞›Å∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ =zÛOk:
XHõ <åºÜ«∂kèѨu â’^èŒ# [iÑ≤ f~°∞Ê#∞ „ѨHõ\ ˜¿ãÎ - Jk QÆ#Hõ ã¨`«ºÑ¨~°OQÍ ã¨iÜ≥ÿ∞#
x~°‚Ü«∞"≥∞ÿ`Õ J`«xH˜ Ô~O_»∞ ѨÙ}ϺÅ∞ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`å~Ú. XHõ"Õà◊ J`«#∞ `«Ñ¨ÙÊQÍ x~°‚Ü«∞O
KÕ¿ãÎ JѨÙÊ_»∞ J`«xH˜ XHõ ѨÙ}ºO ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok.
Wk 'DHÍ*ò JÖò Ç≤Ï=∞"£∞ (93= ¿Ñr)Ö’x Ñ‘iîHõ Ü«∞O^Œ∞ á⁄O^Œ∞Ѩ~°K«|_ç LOk.
Ѷ¨ÙÖÏh– 'DHÍ*ò JÖò Ç≤Ï=∞"£∞— (99= ¿Ñr)

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

57

W=∂=ÚÅ H˘xfl Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ - ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iã¨∂Î "åi
J#∞K«~∞° Å∞ `«ºlOK«∞@
D Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Å∞, HÍ~°}ÏÅ =Å¡<Õ
=ÚO^Œ∞
`«~åÅ "åiÖ’ KåÖÏ =∞Ok =∞iÜ«Ú `«~åfiu `«~åÅ "åiÖ’ H˘kÌ =∞Ok1 `«=∞
W=∂=ÚÅ Jxfl Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . ÃÑQ· Í ã¨∞#fl`ü‰Ωõ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
L#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ "åi KåÖÏ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ g~°∞ `«ºlOKå~°∞. W=∂"£∞
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ =∞iÜ«Ú W=∂"£∞ J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞ѶπÅ∞ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê
~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ QÍi XH˜O@ =¸_˘O`«∞Å (1/3) Jaè=∞`åxfl =ºuˆ~H˜OKå~°∞.2
Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ D q+¨Ü«∂Åhfl „QÆOnäHõiOK«|_ç =Ù<åfl~Ú. W^Õ q^èŒOQÍ
W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ "≥Ú^ŒÖ#·ˇ W=∂=ÚÅ J#∞K«~∞° Öˇ#· W=∂"£∞ =Ú[h3 =∞iÜ«Ú
W`«~∞° Å ^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® WÖÏO\˜ q+¨Ü∂« ÖË É’^èÑŒ _¨ `» å~Ú. "Õ∞=Ú QÆ#Hõ nxÃÑ·
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å∞ q=iOK«_O» "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ_ç`Õ q+¨Ü∞« O KåÖÏ á⁄_»∞QÔ á· È`«∞Ok
=∞iÜ«Ú D ѨÙã¨ÎHõ L^ÕÌâ◊º"≥∞ÿ# 'ã¨OH˜∆ѨΠq=~°}— ǨÏ^Œ∞ÌÅ#∞ ^•\˜# "å~°"≥∞ÿ
áÈ`å=Ú. JO^Œ∞Hˆ "Õ∞=Ú Hˆ =ÅO ~Ô O_»∞ L^•Ç¨Ï~°}ezÛ q+¨Ü∂« xfl =Úyã¨∞<Î åflO.
1) W=∂"£∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ `«# '=ÚJ`åΗ, 1084=¿ÑrÖ’
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Wɡfl Pan<£ 'Ǩ+≤Ü«∂— (1/62) #O^Œ∞, ÅHÀflg 'J<åflѶ≤ JÖò Hõc~ü, 93= ¿Ñr
#O^Œ∞ W=∂"£∞ QÆ*Ïb "≥·Ñ¨Ù‰õΩ nxx PáêkOKå~°∞.
`«#∞ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ QÍi 'JÖò L"£∞‡— Ñ‘iîHõ Ü«∞O^Œ∞ =Ú„k`«"≥∞ÿ# `«#
'JÖò =ÚYÎã¨~ü— #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’ <Õ#∞ W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸
QÍi Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ *Ï˝<åxfl ‰õΩ¡Ñ¨ÎOQÍ KÕã≤, ^•xx PÜ«∞# â’^èŒ#Å *Ï˝<åxH˜ ^ŒQÆæ~°QÍ KÕ~°Û
_®xH˜ „Ѩܫ∞uflOKå#∞. `«^•fi~å ^è•i‡Hõ q+¨Ü«∂Å HÀã¨O "å\˜x ã¨O„ѨkOK«_®xH˜
=∞iÜ«Ú `«QÆ∞ *Ï„QÆ`«Î =Ç≤ÏOK«_®xH˜. nx`Àáê@∞ =∞~À =ÚYº L^ÕÌâ◊º"Õ∞q∞@O>ËW=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸QÍi ''`«##∂, =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° W=∂=ÚÅ#∞ „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOK«
=^Œ∞Ì—— J#fl ã¨O^Õâßxfl „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ ZÖÏÔQ·<å `≥eÜ«∞*ËÜ«∂e Jx.
W=∂"£∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ D ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’ `«# W=∂"£∞ J~Ú# W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê
QÍi W~°"≥· q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ ÉÏǨ@OQÍ qÉèËkOKå~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ 'J`åÎbMò JÖò
=Ú"£∞l^£ JÖÏ =ÚJ`åÎ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£—Ö’x 42, 44, 103, 120, 158, 169,
172, 173, 228, 230, 240, 244, 274,275, 284, 314, 331, 338, 355,
356 ¿ÑrÅO^Œ∞ ÅÉèíº=∞=Ù`å~Ú.

58

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WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ^ŒQ~æÆ ° Wã≤™Î êö #=∂A
ÖË^∞Œ . HÍh "Õ∞=Ú K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - W=∂"£∞ [# ã¨=¸Ç¨xH˜ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å
#=∂A KÕ~ÚOKåe, `«^∞Œ Ѩi „áêi÷OKåe, `«# =„™êÎxfl "≥#‰õΩ¯ =∞_»K∞« HÀ"åe.
2) W=∂"£∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ t+¨µº_»∞1 W™ê"£∞ a<£ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷ.π PÜ«∞#‰õΩ
W=∂"£∞ J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ QÍi „Ѩ=ÚY t+¨µºÖ’¡2 XHõ~x° ¿Ñ~°∞Ok. PÜ«∞#
Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ QÍi Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞ÊÅ∞ ~ÚKÕÛ"å~°∞. HÍ~°}O W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê QÍi Jaè=∞`åxH˜
ã¨O|OkèOz# P^è•~åÅ∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ÅaèOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . W`«~° W=∂=ÚÅ P^è•~åÅ∞
PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ^˘iHÍ~Ú. JO^Œ∞Hˆ PÜ«∞# "å\˜ „ѨHÍ~°"∞Õ ^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞ÊÅ∞ ~ÚKåÛ~°∞.3
JÖψQ PÜ«∞# - Z<Àfl ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å (=Ú`«"åu~ü) ~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« |_ç#
q^èŒOQÍ ~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜ "≥àı§@ѨÙÊ_»∞, ~°∞‰õÄ #∞O_ç ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.4 nxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =ÚQÆ∞~æ ∞° W=∂=ÚÅ∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê, J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷ,π
1.

2.
3.
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Wɡfl Pan<£ 'Ǩ+≤Ü«∂— (1/74) #O^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ~°ãπ‡ JÖò =ÚѶ≤Î (1/17) #O^Œ∞
PÜ«∞##∞ W=∂"£∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ t+¨µºÅ∞QÍ q=iOKå~°∞. Y∞~°+‘ 'JÖò ["åÇ≤Ï~ü JÖò
=∂kÜ«∞º Ѷ‘ `«|HÍ`ü JÖò ǨÏ#Ѷ≤Ü«∞ºÇπÏ— (347= ¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞ PÜ«∞##∞ QÆ∂iÛ
`≥Å∞ѨÙ`«∂ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: PÜ«∞# ǨÏnã¨∞ ѨO_ç`«∞Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú qâ◊fiã¨hÜ«∞"≥∞ÿ#
LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ∞. PÜ«∞# =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# ™È^Œ~°∞_»∞ `«=∞ HÍÅOÖ’ |ÅMò Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ¿+MòÅ∞
(=∞`åKå~°∞ºÅ∞)QÍ =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞.
JÖò Ѷ¨"åÜ≥∞^£ JÖò |Ç≤ÏÜ«∞ºÇπÏ Ñ¶‘ `«~åA"£∞ JÖò ǨÏ#Ѷ≤Ü«∞ºÇπÏ (116= ¿Ñr)
JÖò |ǨÏ~°∞„~åÜ«∞Mò (6/93)   ~°ãπ‡ JÖò‡ =ÚѶ≤Î (1/28)
JÖò Ѷ¨"åÜ≥∞^£ JÖò |Ç≤ÏÜ«∞ºÇπÏ (116= ¿Ñr) - `«^Œ∞Ѩi nx „QÆO^äŒHõ~°Î ZO`À
qÅ∞"≥·# q+¨Ü«∂Å#∞ áê^Œã¨∂zHõÖ’ ã¨OHõÅ#O KÕâß~°∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-g\˜^•fi~å `≥e¿ã^Õq∞@O>Ë =∞H±Ç¨˙Öò ^•fi~å J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê
#∞O_ç LÖË¡dOK«|_Õ, ''Z=Ô~·`Õ #=∂AÖ’ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕ™êÎ~À J`«x #=∂A K≥_ç
áÈ`«∞Ok—— J#fl LÖËY¡ #O x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ k. D LÖËY¡ #O =ÖË¡ Jg∞~ü W`üMÏh "≥∂ã¨
áÈÜ«∂~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ PÜ«∞# q=~°}Ö’ K≥ѨÊ|_çOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, W™ê"£∞ a<£
Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷ,π J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ t+¨µºÖ’¡ =ÚYº"≥∞#ÿ "åÔ~· =ÙO_ç ‰õÄ_® ~°ÑÜ
¨¶ ∞« ^≥<· £ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
XHõ"Õà◊ D LÖË¡Y#O "åã¨Î=OQÍ =ÙO_ç =ÙO>Ë Jk J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ =∞iÜ«Ú W™ê"£∞
a<£ Ü«¸ã¨∞ѶπʼnõΩ `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® `≥eã≤ =ÙO_Õk. nx ^•fi~å `≥e¿ã =∞~À q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞
@O>Ë - XHõ"Õà◊ Z=Ô~·<å ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ - U^≥·<å q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ `«# W=∂"£∞ Jaè=∞`åxfl ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ |Å"≥∞ÿ# P^è•~°O =ÙO_»_»O =Å¡ QÆ#Hõ `«ºl¿ãÎ, P ã≤÷uÖ’ ‰õÄ_®

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

59

=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£Å∞ K≥ÑÊ≤ #k ‰õÄ_® `«#‰õΩ ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«_O» Ö’ J=~À^èOŒ
HÍÖËHáõ È~ÚOk. W^Õ Ñ¨^uúŒ x „Ѩu =Úã≤O¡ JÅ=~°∞ÛHÀ"åe. WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞
q=iOz#@∞¡ #ÅQÆ∞~°∞ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® WÖψQ „ѨɒkèOKå~°∞.

q+¨Ü∞« ™ê~åOâ◊O
W=∂=ÚÅ#∞ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOKÕ (=ÚHõe^¡ )£ U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å D ѨÙã¨HÎ õ
q^è•# ã¨~o° , xÜ«∞=∂=ox `«ÑÙ¨ ÊѨ@_ì O» Ö’ `˘O^Œ~Ñ° _¨ _» x» =∞iÜ«Ú nxÖ’
ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OK«|_ç# ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞, Hˆ =ÅO `«# W=∂=Ú Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=Ù<åflÜ«∞#fl <≥ÑO¨ `À =keÃÑ@ì_x» <Õ#∞ #=Ú‡`«∞<åfl#∞. ÃÑQ· Í J`«#∞, =ÚO^Œ∞
q=iOK«|_»¤ W=∂=ÚÅ É’^è#Œ Å∞- "Õ\ Ö˜ ’#~Ú`Õ "å~°∞ ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iO
K«_®xfl =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl "åi =∂@Å#∞ `«ºlOK«_®xfl Jx"å~°ºO
KÕã≤ =Ù<åfl~À - "å\˜x `«# Hõà§◊ =ÚO^Œ∞ =ÙOK«∞`å_»x Ptã¨∞<Î åfl#∞.
D ѨÙã¨HÎ õ q^è•# ã¨~o° ÃÑ· xO^•~ÀѨ}Å∞ KÕ¿ã"å_»∞ "åã¨"Î åxH˜ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ
`«#∞ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOKÕ W=∂=ÚÅÃÑ<· Õ xO^•~ÀѨ}Å∞ KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl_»x QÆ∞~°∞OÎ
K«∞HÀ"åe. W=∂=ÚÅ∞ Z=Ô~<· å HÍx=fiO_ç, "Õ∞=Ú =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOz#@∞¡, D
q^è•# ã¨~o° x "åi #∞O_Õ „QÆÇÏ≤ OKå=Ú. ~ÚHõ Z=Ô~`· Õ D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ W=∂=ÚÅ
^•fi~å ã¨<å‡~°Oæ á⁄O^ŒÖHË áõ ÈÜ«∂_À J`«x q+¨Ü∞« O „Ѩ=∂^ŒH~õ O° QÍ =ÙO@∞Ok.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ^•x Ѩ~º° =™ê#O ã¨∞#fl`ü #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°O HÍ=_»"∞Õ J=Ù`«∞Ok.
"åã¨"Î åxH˜, Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ `«Öuˇ #ΠѨiã≤`÷ ∞« ÅÖ’ ã¨∞#fl`ü "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ
=∞~°Å=∞x =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xÃÑ<· Õ #=∞‡HõO =ÙOK«=∞x JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =∞#‰õΩ P^ÕtOz
=Ù<åfl_»∞.
J`«#∞ `«H©¡^£ #∞O_ç |Ü«∞@‰õΩ ~å_»∞. ÃÑ·QÍ `«H©¡^£ u~°ã¨¯~°} ~°∂ѨOÖ’ =Ù#fl Jã¨Å∞
`«H©¡^£ ~Ú^Õ. W™ê"£∞ a<£ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê
Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl `«ºlOz#ѨÊ\˜H© PÜ«∞# „Ѩ™êÎ=# ǨÏ#Ѷő Ö’<Õ [~°Q_Æ O» g∞~°∞ K«∂_»_O»
ÖË^•?
`«^Œ∞Ѩi, 'JÖò Ѷ¨"åÜ≥∞^£ JÖò |Ç≤ÏÜ«∞º— „QÆO^äŒHõ~°Î ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: <Õ#∞ =∂
HÍÅѨ٠J*Ï˝#∞Å#∞ QÆ∂iÛ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ^ŒQÆæˆ~ Ѷ≤~åº^Œ∞ KÕ™êÎ#∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë XHõ =ºH˜Î
`«#∞ ˆH=ÅO |Å"≥∞ÿ# P^è•~°O =Ù#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ U^≥·<å q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ `«# W=∂"£∞
`«H©¡^£#∞ `«ºl¿ãÎ - g~°∞ J`«}˜‚ W=∂=Ú Ü≥ÚHõ¯ J#∞K«~°∞Å ã¨=¸Ç¨Ï=Ú #∞O_Õ
`˘Åy™êÎ~∞° . J*Ï˝#∞ŠѨ@¡ JO`«QÍ Pâ◊Û~°ºO "ÕÜ∞« ^Œ∞. HÍ~°}O "å~°∞ J=∂Ü«∞‰õΩÅ∞.
HÍh LÅ=∂Å ~°∂ѨO ^•eÛ W^Õ q^èOŒ QÍ „Ѩ=iÎOKÕ "åiÃÑ· Pâ◊Û~°º"Õ∞ã¨∞OÎ k. "åã¨"Î åxH˜
"åi „Ѩ=~°#ΠѨâ√◊ =ÙÅ =∂kiQÍ =ÙOk.

60

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''F =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£! h „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù™êH˜Q∆ Í! "å~°∞ `«=∞ Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~° qÉè^Ë •Å q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’
x#∞fl <åºÜ«∞ xˆ~`‚ Q« Í ã‘fiHõiOK«#O`«=~°‰Ωõ , WOHÍ h=Ù U x~°Ü
‚ ∞« O
KÕã<≤ å ^•xx QÆ∞iOz "åi =∞#ã¨∞ûÅÖ’ ‰õÄ_® U =∂„`«O ã¨OHÀK«O
ÖˉΩõ O_® ^•xx Ü«∞^ä•`«^OŒè QÍ t~°™ê=Ç≤ÏOK«#O`« =~°‰Äõ "å~°∞ x["≥∞#ÿ
qâßfiã¨∞Å∞ HÍÖË~°∞.——
(x™ê 4 : 65)
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Z=i q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’<≥`· Õ - „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_ç# q^èOŒ QÍ ÃãÅqKåÛ_À=∞#efl ‰õÄ_® "åiÖ’ KÕ~Û° =∞x JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ "Õ_∞» ‰õΩO@∞<åfl#∞.

''qâ◊fiã≤Oz# "åi =∂@ Uq∞@O>Ë -`«=∞ "åº*Ϻxfl ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõΠѨi+¨¯iOKÕ
q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ "å~°∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õÄ, PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=HõÎ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õÄ Ñ≤Å=|_ç`,Õ
"å~°∞ - '"Õ∞=Ú q<åfl=Ú, q^èÜ
Õ ∞« `« K«∂áê=Ú— Jx JO\Ï~°∞. J@∞=O\˜
"åˆ~ ™êѶ¨ÅºO á⁄O^Œ∞`å~°∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπωõÄ PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=HõΉõÄ q^èÕÜ«∞`«
K«∂¿Ñ"å~°∞, JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ‰õΩ ÉèÜ
í ∞« Ѩ_"Õ å~°∞, PÜ«∞# Ѩ@¡ Jq^èÜ
Õ ∞« `«‰Ωõ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ
=ÙO_Õ"å~°∞ =∂„`«"∞Õ q[Ü«∞O á⁄O^Œ∞`å~°∞.—— (#∂~ü 24 : 51-52)
(_≥=∂㨯ãπ -13 [=∂kÖò Pd~ü 1370 Ç≤Ï.)

H˘xfl ã¨O^ÕÇ¨ Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú "å\˜ ["å|∞Å∞
WO`« =~°‰Ωõ K«iÛOz# q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ <Õ#∞ 10 ã¨O=`«û~åÅ „H˜`O« D
ѨÙã¨HÎ õ Ñ‘iHî Öõ ’ „"åâß#∞. D Ѩkã¨O=`«û~åÅ =º=kèÖ’ <Õ#∞ QÆ=∞xOzO^Õq∞@O>Ë,
D Ñ‘iHî õ =Úã≤O¡ Ü«Ú=‰õΩÅÃÑ· ZO`À 㨄`«ÊÉèÏ"åxfl K«∂Ñ≤Ok. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë `«=∞
^è~Œ ‡° O =∞iÜ«Ú P~å^è<Œ å q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ ã¨fiK«Û"ù ∞≥ #ÿ P^è•~åÅ~Ú# k=ºY∞~üP<£
=∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Å "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ =∞~°Å_»O ZO`À Jx"å~°º=∞x "åiH˜ `≥eã≤áÈ~ÚOk.
`«`Ê« eù `«OQÍ - JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Hˆ ã¨=∞ã¨Î ™È΄`åÅ∞ - =Úã≤O¡ Ü«Ú=‰õΩÖ’¡ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ·

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

61

PK«iOKÕ "åi ã¨OYº ÃÑ~°∞QÆ∞`«∂ áÈ~ÚOk, z=iH˜ "å~°O`å ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ·
PK«iOKÕ "å~°∞QÍ QÆ∞iÎOK«|_»™êQÍ~°∞. D `«~∞° }OÖ’ <Õ#∞ QÆ=∞xOz# WOHÀ
q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - H˘O`«=∞Ok Ü«Ú=‰õΩÅ∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«iOK«_®xH˜ ~ÚOHÍ
[O‰õΩ`«∞<åfl~°∞. nx HÍ~°}O, WO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOK«|_»¤ k=ºY∞~üP<£
PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Å "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ =∞~°Å_®xfl Jx"å~°ºO KÕã#≤ W=∂=ÚÅ
É’^è#Œ Ö’¡ "åiH˜ ã¨Oâ◊Ü∞« O =ÙO_ç HÍ^Œ∞. nx Jã¨Å∞ HÍ~°}O - "å~°∞ W=∂=ÚÅ#∞
„QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOKÕ (=ÚHõe^¡ )£ LÅ=∂Å ^•fi~å q<Õ ã¨O^ÕÇ¨ Å∞. JO^Œ∞Hˆ "åi
ã¨O^ÕÇ¨ Å#∞ K«iÛOz, `«^∞Œ Ѩi "å\˜x x=$uÎ KÕÜ∞« _»O =∞Oz^Œx <Õ#∞ ÉèÏqO
Kå#∞. `«^•fi~å (H˘xfl ã¨O^ÕÇ¨ Å HÍ~°}OQÍ) ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«iOK«x "å~°∞
‰õÄ_® (`«=∞ â◊OHõÅ#∞ ^Œ∂~°O KÕã∞¨ H˘x) ã¨∞#fl`ü „ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOKÕ"å~°∞ J=QÆÅ
~°x, `«∞^Œ‰Ωõ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Hõ$Ѩ`À "å~°∞ ‰õÄ_® ™êѶŨ ºO á⁄O^Õ =~°Oæ Ö’ KÕiáÈQÆÅ~°x
PtOK«=K«∞Û.

"≥Ú^Œ\˜ ã¨O^ÕÇϨ =Ú
H˘O`«=∞Ok WÖÏ JO\Ï~°∞: xã¨ûO^ÕÇϨ OQÍ =∂ÃÑ· qkèQÍ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü∞«
"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ^è•i‡Hõ q+¨Ü∂« ÅxflO\˜Ö’#∂ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
ã¨ÅO¡ )#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«_O» . JO^Œ∞Ö’#∂ „Ѩ`ºÕ H˜Oz, Jaè„áêÜ«∂ʼnõÄ, W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£‰Äõ
U =∂„`«O J=HÍâ◊O ÖËx P~å^è<Œ å q+¨Ü∂« Å∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, Jq U =∂„`«O
=∂~°∞ÊÅ∞ ÖˉΩõ O_® ã¨Ê+¨Oì QÍ q=iOK«|_®¤~Ú. L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ #=∂*ò#∞ fã¨∞
HÀO_ç. HÍh "Õ∞=Ú =ÚHõe^¡ £ LÅ=∂Å ^•fi~å D q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ QÆ\ Qì˜ Í <˘H˜¯
K≥Ñʨ _®xfl ZѨÙÊ_»∂ K«∂_»Ö^Ë ∞Œ . ÃÑQ· Í "Õ∞=Ú K«∂ã≤O^Õq∞@O>Ë ^è•i‡Hõ q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡
"å~°∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ Ü«∞^è•`«^OŒä QÍ =ÙOK«∞`å~°∞. nxx "å~°∞ - ã¨`º« O
q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ L=∞‡`ü‰Ωõ ™œÅÉèϺxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«_O» Jx `«ÅáÈ™êÎ~∞° . nxH˜ P^è•~°OQÍ
"å~°∞ ''<å L=∞‡`üÖ’x Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë OŒ ("åã¨"Î åxH˜) HÍ~°∞}ºO—— J<Õ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞#∞
=ÚO^Œ∞OK«∞`å~°∞.
WÖÏ "å~°∞ JÃÇÏ¡ ǨÏnã¨∞ "åix YO_çã∂¨ Î =∂\˜=∂\˜H˜ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞
=e¡ã∂¨ Î =ÙO\Ï~°∞. =∞i D ǨÏnã¨∞ - U ã¨O^Õâ,◊ ^Œ$HõÊ^ä•Å "åºÑ≤Î HÀã¨O g∞s
ѨÙã¨HÎ Íxfl =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° ѨÙã¨HÎ ÍÅ#∞ ~°zOKå~À - "å\˜H˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =ÙOk.
=∞i WÖÏO\˜ Ѩiã≤u÷ Ö’ g∞~°∞ D ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ∞iOz U=∞x ÃãÅq™êÎ~∞° ?
D „Ѩâfl◊ ‰õΩ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍÅ∞QÍ ["å|∞ ~Ú=fi=K«∞Û.

62

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"≥Ú^Œ\˜ ["å|∞
'<å L=∞‡`üÖ’x Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^ŒO ("åã¨Î"åxH˜)
HÍ~°∞}ºO— J<Õ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ „áê=∂}˜H"õ ∞≥ #ÿ k HÍ^Œ∞ ã¨iHõ^• x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ k ‰õÄ_®.
JÖÏ¡=∂ ã¨∞c¯ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: <å‰õΩ D ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ „áê=∂}˜H,õ |ÅÇ‘Ï#,
HÍÅÊxHõ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~Ö° ’¡ U Ѩ~O° Ѩ~° ‰õÄ_® ÅÉèºí O HÍÖË^∞Œ .
D ǨÏnã¨∞ "Õ~ˆ Ѩ^•Å`À ‰õÄ_® WÖÏ =zÛOk:
'<å ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë OŒ g∞ HÀã¨O HÍ~°∞}ºO—. JÖψQ =∞~À ǨÏnã¨∞
'<å ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞ #Hõ„∆ `åÖÏ¡O\˜ "å~°∞. g∞~°∞ "åiÖ’
Z=ix J#∞ã¨iOz<å ã¨<å‡~°Oæ á⁄O^ŒQÅÆ ~°∞.— J#fl Ѩ^•Å`À =zÛOk. HÍh
D ~Ô O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ ‰õÄ_® „áê=∂}˜H"õ ∞≥ #ÿ q HÍ=Ù. "≥Ú^Œ\ k˜ J`«ºO`« |ÅÇ‘Ï#
HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok#^Œ~Ú`Õ ~Ô O_»=k HÍÅÊxHõ ǨÏnã¨∞. <Õ#∞ g\˜ â’^è#Œ q=~åÅ#∞
'ã≤ÖòãÅ≤ `«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ J[˚Dá¶ê =Öò =∞øAP— „QÆO^äOŒ Ö’x ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ 58, 59,
61ÅÖ’ á⁄O^Œ∞ѨiKå#∞.

~Ô O_»= ["å|∞
'<å L=∞‡`üÖ’x Jaè„áêÜ«∞ÉèË^ŒO ("åã¨Î"åxH˜)
HÍ~°∞}ºO— J<Õ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ J`«ºO`« |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞#ÿ ^Õ H͉õΩO_® k=ºY∞~üP<£‰Ωõ ‰õÄ_®
q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =ÙOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë k=ºY∞~üP<£Ö’ - ^è~Œ ‡° O q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ Jaè„áêÜ«∞
Éè^Ë •efl Hõey LO_»\Ïxfl "åiã¨∂Î UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O`À SHõ=∞`«ºOQÍ =ÙO_®Åx
`åH©^∞Œ KÕ¿ã ã¨Ê+¨"ì ∞≥ #ÿ , JO^ŒiH˜ `≥eã≤# PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ Z<Àfl =Ù<åfl~Ú. "å\˜x
QÆ∂iÛ q=iOKåeû J=ã¨~°O ‰õÄ_® ÖË^Œ∞. HÍh =∞K«∞Û‰õΩ H˘xflO\˜x
q=iOK«_O» Ö’ `«ÑÙ¨ ÊÖË^xŒ Ñ≤™ÈÎOk.
1) k=º Y∞~üP<£Ö’ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞:
''Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~°O HõÅÇ≤ÏOK«∞HÀHõO_ç. JÖÏ [iy`Õ g∞Ö’ |ÅÇ‘Ï#`« „Ѩ"tÕ ã¨∞OÎ k,
g∞ â◊HΘ ã¨#flye¡áÈ`«∞Ok.——
(J<£áê¶ Öò : 46)
2) =∞~À KÀ@ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞:

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

63

''`«=∞ ^èŒ~å‡xfl "Õˆ~fi~°∞QÍ ~°∂á⁄OkOK«∞‰õΩ#fl =∞iÜ«Ú =~åæÅ∞QÍ
peáÈ~Ú# =Ú„+≤‰Ωõ ¯ÅÖ’ Hõeã≤áÈHõO_ç. „Ѩu =~°=æ ¸ `«# =^ŒÌ L#fl
^•x`À<Õ P#O^Œ Ѩ_∞» `«∞#flk.——
(J~ü ~°∂"£∞ : 31-32)
WOHÀ KÀ@ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞:

''=∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩ[Å∞ qÉèkË ã¨∂<Î Õ =ÙO\Ï~°∞, Hˆ =ÅO h „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù Hõ~∞° }˜Oz#
"å~°∞ `«Ñ¨Ê——
(Ǩ˙^£ : 118-119)
JO^Œ∞Hˆ , JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Z=i<≥`· Õ Hõ~∞° }˜OKå_À "å~°∞ ZѨÙÊ_»∂ qÉèkË OK«~∞° .
"åã¨"Î åxH˜ =∂~°„æ Éè+í µ¨ Öì Ë ã¨`åºxfl qÉèkË ™êÎ~∞° . =∞i JÖÏO@ѨÙÊ_»∞ L=∞‡`üÖ’x
qÉè^Ë •Å∞ HÍ~°∞}ºO ZÖÏ HÍQÆÅQÆ∞`å~Ú?
ÃÑ· P^è•~åÅ =Å¡ ~°∞A=~ÚºO^Õq∞@O>Ë - D ǨÏnã¨∞ „áê=∂}˜H`õ «
s`åº, J~°O÷ s`åº ã¨iÜ≥∞ÿ #k HÍ^Œ∞.1 JO^Œ∞Hˆ D ǨÏnã¨∞ Y∞~üP<£, ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å
=∂~åæ# #_»=_®xH˜ J_»O¤ H˜ HÍ*ÏÅ^Œ∞. W=∂=ÚÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® Y∞~üP<£, ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å
ÃÑ<· Õ #_»==∞x É’kèOKå~°∞.

~Ô O_»= ã¨O^ÕÇϨ =Ú
=∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° WÖÏ JO\Ï~°∞ : =∞i ^è~Œ ‡° OÖ’ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ Hõey
=ÙO_»_O» "åiOK«|_ç`,Õ „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞, P
`«~åfi`« =zÛ# W=∂=ÚÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ Hõey =Ù<åfl~°∞ Hõ^•.
nx QÆ∞iOz g∞ˆ~O K≥|∞`å~°∞? „Ѩ=HõÎ ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Ö’¡ =∞iÜ«Ú
`«~åfiu HÍÅO "åi Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Ö’¡ U^≥<· å `å~°`=« ∞ºO =ÙO^•?
["å|∞: J=Ù#∞, W~°∞=Ùi Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Ö’¡ KåÖÏ =º`åºã¨O =ÙOk.
D =º`庙êxfl ~Ô O_»∞ q^è•Å∞QÍ =ºHõOÎ KÕÜ∞« =K«∞Û.
1.

nx q=~°} HÀã¨O 'ã≤Öòã≤Å`«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ J[˚~¸á¶ê =Öò =∞øAP— „QÆO^äŒOÖ’x
ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ 58, 59, 61Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

64

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

"≥Ú^Œ\ k˜ - Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ QÆÅ HÍ~°}ÏŠѨ~O° QÍ
~Ô O_»=k - Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å ^•fi~å HõeQˆ „ѨÉÏè ==Ú, Ѷe¨ `åŠѨ~O° QÍ.
ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ =∞^躌 [xOz# Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ - `«ÑÊ≤ OK«ÖxË =∞iÜ«Ú
q+¨Ü∂« Å#∞ PHõoOѨ٠KÕã∞¨ HÀ=_»OÖ’ ã¨ÇϨ [ã≤^OúŒ QÍ U~°Ê_Õ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •ÖË
`«Ñʨ , `«=∞ ~Ú+¨ì „ѨHÍ~°O U~°Ê~°∞K«∞‰õΩ#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ HÍ=Ù. W"Õ HÍHõ
"åi `«~åxH˜ K≥Ok# W`«~° HÍ~°}ÏÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® "åi =∞^躌 Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ
HÍ~°‰õΩÅÜ«∂º~Ú. HÍh W=hfl "åi `«~åfiu HÍÅOÖ’ J^Œ$â◊º"≥∞ÿáÈÜ«∂~Ú.1
WÖÏO\˜ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ ѨÓiÎQÍ x"åiOK«_O» J<Õk Z\˜ì Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Ö’¡#∂
™ê^躌 O HÍ^Œ∞. nx =¸ÅOQÍ WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ k=ºY∞~üP<£ Ö’x PÜ«∞`«∞ÅÖ’
q=iOK«|_ç#@∞¡QÍ =º‰õΩÅÎ #∞ xOkOK«_®xH˜ gÅ∞O_»^∞Œ . HÍ~°}O - JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
=^ŒÌ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ QÍ#∞ „ѨtflOK«|_»\ÏxH˜ QÆÅ +¨~`° ∞« Uq∞@O>Ë =∞x+≤ HÍ"åÅx XHõ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •xfl U~°Ê~°∞K«∞H˘x ~ÚHõ ^•xÃÑ<· Õ Ñ¨\ #ì˜
Ѩ@∞ì q_»=‰õΩO_® ã≤~÷ O° QÍ =ÙO_»_O» .
HÍh W=∂=ÚÅ#∞ „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ =ÚHõe¡n<£Å =∞^茺 `«Öˇ`ÕÎ
Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ `«y# HÍ~°}O ^˘~°H^õ ∞Œ . ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë "åiÖ’ - Y∞~üP<£,
ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å ã¨Ê+¨"ì ∞≥ #ÿ P^è•~åÅ∞ ÅaèOz#ѨÊ\˜H,© P P^è•~åÅ∞ "åi
Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° Jaè=∞`åʼnõΩ J#∞‰õÄÅOQÍ =Ù<åflÜ«∞x
qâ◊^"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ ѨÊ\˜H,© Hˆ =ÅO `«=∞ Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù<åflÜ«∞#fl <≥ÑO¨ `À
"å\˜x ã‘fiHõiOK«‰õΩO_® =kÖË¿ã "å~°∞<åfl~°∞. WÖÏ "å~°∞ `«=∞ Jaè=∞`«"Õ∞
ã¨`º« =∞x =∞iÜ«Ú ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `≥zÛ# ^è~Œ ‡° O ‰õÄ_®
W^Õ Jx, W`«~° Jaè=∞`åÅ∞ ~°^∞Œ Ì QÍqOK«|_ç# W`«~° ^è~Œ å‡Åx `«ÅáÈ™êÎ~∞° .
=∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° =ÚHõen¡ <£Å ^Œ$HõÊ^äOŒ ѨÓiÎQÍ nxH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ =ÙO@∞Ok.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë "åi Jaè„áêÜ«∞O „ѨHÍ~°O - qq^èŒ Jaè=∞`åÖ’¡ Z<Àfl Jaè„áêÜ«∞
Éè^Ë •Å∞ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© "åã¨"Î åxH˜ W=hfl "Õ~ˆ fi~°∞ ã¨=∂O`«~° +¨iÜ«∞`«∞ÅÎ =O\˜q.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ `«~åfiu HÍÅѨ٠LÅ=∂Å∞ D q^èOŒ QÍ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅ∞ `«=∞
1.

q=~åʼnõΩ Wɡfl ǨÏ["£∞ 'JÖò JǨ¯"£∞ Ѷ‘ Lã¨∂Öò JÖò JǨ¯"£∞—, ëê =eLÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
'Ǩï[˚`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JÖò ÉÏeQÆÇπÏ— ÖË^• ~¸ q+¨Ü«∞OÃÑ· =Ù#fl PÜ«∞# "åºã¨O 'WH±Ì JÖò
r^£ Ѷ‘ JǨ¯"£∞ Je¡lÎǨ^£ =`«ÎH©¡^£—Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«=K«∞Û.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

65

=ÚO^Œ∞=Ù#fl Jaè=∞`åÖ’¡ ^Õx<≥<· å ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» Ö’ ÖË^• u~°ã¯¨ iOK«_O» Ö’ U
=∂„`«O `«ÑÙ¨ ÊÖË^∞Œ . ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë W=hfl "Õ~ˆ fi~°∞ +¨iÜ«∞`«∞ÅÎ =O\˜q.
=ÚHõen¡ <£Å D ~Ô O_»∞ =~åæÅ∞ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ - Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ Ü«∞^ä•
`«^OŒä QÍ =ÙOK«_®xH˜ J^Õ x~å^è•~° ǨÏnã¨∞ ''<å L=∞‡`üÖ’x Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë OŒ
("åã¨"Î åxH˜) HÍ~°∞}ºO——#∞ =ÚO^Œ∞OK«∞`å~°∞. "Õ∞=Ú ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ "åix ѨÅ∞™ê~°∞¡
D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ =e¡ã∞¨ OÎ _»QÍ K«∂âß=Ú.
WOHÍ H˘O^Œ~∞° D ǨÏnã¨∞ J~å÷xfl D q^èOŒ QÍ `≥Å∞ѨÙ`å~°∞: ^è•i‡Hõ
q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ HÍ~°∞}ºO ZÖÏ J=Ù`åÜ«∞O>Ë nxÖ’ L=∞‡`ü‰Ωõ
™œÅÉèºí O =∞iÜ«Ú qâßÅ`« =Ù<åfl~Ú. HÍh D J~°O÷ WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOK«
|_ç# Y∞~üP<£ PÜ«∞`«∞ʼnõΩ =∞iÜ«Ú W=∂=ÚÅ É’^è#Œ Å L^ÕâÌ ßºxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=ÙOk. JO^Œ∞Hˆ D J~°O÷ H˘O^Œ~∞° W=∂=ÚÅ ^•fi~å ÉÏǨ@OQÍ u~°ã¯¨ iOK«
|_çOk.
W|∞flÖò MÏã≤O WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: <Õ#∞ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± =∞iÜ«Ú Öˇã· Åπ #∞
WÖÏ K≥|∞`«∞O_»QÍ q<åfl#∞ - ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ =∞^躌 =Ù#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞, „Ѩ[Å∞
K≥¿ÑÊ q^èOŒ QÍ, ™œÅÉèºí O, qâßÅ`«Å ^Œ$ëêì º [xOz#q HÍ=Ù. "åi Jaè„áêÜ«∞
Éè^Ë •Å∞, H˘O^ŒiH˜ ã¨`º« O `≥eã≤ =∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° (ã¨`º« O `≥eÜ«∞Hõ) `«ÑÙ¨ ÊQÍ J~°O÷
KÕã∞¨ ‰õΩ#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ [xOz#q.1
ëÈJÉò Hõ^#Œä O : W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±#∞ WÖÏ „ѨtflOK«_O» [iyOk - XHõ"àÕ ◊
Z=iÔH<· å, qâ◊fiã¨hÜ«∞ LÖËY¡ ‰õΩÅ ^•fi~å „Ñ¨=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )
ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å =∂@Å∞ QÆ#Hõ ^˘iH˜`,Õ "åiÖ’x Z=i =∂@<≥<· å ã‘fiHõiOKÕ ™œÅÉèºí O
P =ºH˜HÎ ˜ =ÙO^•? ^•xH˜ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ["åaã¨∂Î - JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ™êH˜Q∆ Í! ÖË^∞Œ ,
Jk ã¨`º« O J~Ú`Õ `«Ñʨ . ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ã¨`º« OZѨÙÊ_»∂ XHõ¯>Ë J=Ù`«∞Ok. ~Ô O_»∞
Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~° q~°∞^Œú ÉèÏ"åÅ∞ HõÅ =∂@Å∞ ã¨`º« O HÍQÆÅ"å? ã¨`º« O =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨~Ô #·
q+¨Ü∞« O ZѨÙÊ_»∂ XHõ¯>Ë J=Ù`«∞Ok.2
W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ t+¨µºÖˇ#· W=∂"£∞ =Ú[h ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å =∞^躌 ^è•i‡Hõ q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ Jaè„áêÜ«∞
1.
2.

Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü '*Ï"≥∞ |Ü«∂xÖò WÖò‡— (2/81,82)
W|∞flÖò |„~ü '*Ï"≥∞ |Ü«∂xÖò WÖò‡— (2/82, 88, 89)

66

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

Éè^Ë •Å∞ `«Ö`ˇ åÎ~Ú. H˘O^Œ~∞° , =∞iH˘O^Œi Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ ã¨ik^ŒQÌ Í, =∞iH˘O^Œ~∞°
WOH˘O^Œi Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ â’kèOz "å\˜Ö’x `«ÑÙ¨ ÊÅ#∞ "≥eH˜fâß~°∞. XHõ"àÕ ◊
"åi Jaè„áêÜ«∂Åhfl ã¨`«ºO =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨Ô~·#"Õ =ÙO_ç =ÙO>Ë "åà‹§Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂
XHõi<˘Hõ~∞° ã¨ikÌ_®xH˜ „ѨÜ∞« `«flO KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞.
L=∞~ü (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›), Lɡ·a<£ HÍÉò =∞iÜ«Ú J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£
=∞ãπT^£Å∞ XˆH =„ã¨ÎO`À #=∂A K«k"Õ q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ qÉèËkOK«_»O K«∂ã≤
HÀѨyOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò - XˆH =„ã¨OÎ `À #=∂A K«^=Œ _»OÖ’ ZÖÏO\˜
^À+¨O ÖË^xŒ J#QÍ, ^•xH˜ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ =∂\Ï¡_∞» `«∂ - 'Wk „Ѩ[Å
=^ŒÌ =„™êÎÅ∞ ã¨iQÍ ÖË#ѨÊ\˜ Ѩiã≤u÷ — Jx J<åfl~°∞. L=∞~ü (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›)
HÀѨO`À |Ü«∞@‰õΩ =zÛ - ''ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅÖ’ - `«=∞#∞ „Ѩ[Å∞ Q“~°qOz, ^è•i‡Hõ
*Ï˝#O <Õ~∞° ÛH˘<Õ W^Œ~Ì ∞° ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~°O qÉèkË ã¨∞<Î åfl~°∞. Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò
ã¨`º« O ѨeHÍ~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl =∞ãπT^£ ‰õÄ_® Ug∞ `«yOæ K«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . HÍh nx
`«~åfi`« ~ÚHõ Z=Ô~<· å D q+¨Ü∞« O QÆ∞iOz qÉèkË ¿ãÎ J`«xH˜ <Õ#∞ Hõi#î tHõ#∆ ∞
qkè™êÎ#∞.——1 Jx J<åfl~°∞.
W=∂"£∞ =Ú[h ~ÚÖÏ ‰õÄ_® ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å - Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ Hõey =ÙO_»_®xfl ã¨=∞i÷ã∂¨ Î 'XHõ"àÕ ◊ W^Œ~Ì ∞° LÅ=∂Å∞ QÆ#Hõ U^≥<· å q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£ KÕã≤ XHõ~∞° ^•xx
ǨÏÖÏÖò QÍ#∂, =∞~˘Hõ~∞° ǨÏ~åO QÍ#∂ x~°~‚ Ú¿ã,Î P W^Œ~Ì ∞° LÅ=∂Å∞ ‰õÄ_®
P W*ˇÎǨ^£ q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ ã¨`«ºOÃÑ· =ÙO\Ï~°∞— Jx JO>Ë J`«x`À ~ÚÖÏ
„ѨtflOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok: D =∂@#∞ h=Ù „áê=∂}˜Hõ +¨iÜ«∞`«∞Î P^è•~åÅ`À
K≥|`«∞<åfl"å ÖËHõ TÇ≤ÏOz (dÜ«∂ãπ) K≥|∞`«∞<åfl"å? XHõ"àÕ ◊ J`«#∞ - '„áê=∂}˜Hõ
P^è•~åÅ`À<Õ K≥|∞`«∞<åfl#∞— Jx ["åa¿ã,Î J`«x`À uiy - XHõ"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ Y∞~å#∞
Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ Hõey =ÙO_»_O» #∞O_ç QÆ\ Qì˜ Í "åiã¨∞OÎ >Ë Jq ~Ô O_»∂ (W^Œ~Ì ∞°
LÅ=∂ŠѨ~°ã¨Ê~° q~°∞^Œú Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞) „áê=∂}˜Hõ P^è•~åÅ∞ ZÖÏ
HÍQÆÅ∞QÆ∞`å~Ú? Jx „ѨtflOK«_O» [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok.
XHõ"àÕ ◊ J`«#∞ ''TÇ≤ÏOz K≥|∞`«∞<åfl#∞—— Jx JO>Ë, J`«x`À - XHõ"Ñ·≥ Ù¨
+¨iÜ«∞`«∞Î xÜ«∞=∂Å∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ Hõey =ÙO_»_®xfl YO_çã∂¨ Î LO>Ë,
P xÜ«∞=∂ÅÃÑ<· Õ =ÙO@∂, TǨÏÅ#∞ P^è•~°OQÍ KÕã∞¨ H˘x Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë •Å#∞
1.

W|∞flÖò |„~ü - *Ï"≥∞ |Ü«∂xÖò WÖò‡ (2/83, 84)

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

67

Hõey =ÙO_»_®xfl ã¨=∞i÷OK«_O» ZO`« =~°‰Ωõ ã¨=∞O[ã¨O? D q+¨Ü∂« xfl XHõ
^è•i‡Hõ ѨO_ç`∞« _Õ HÍ^Œ∞, ™ê^è•~°} =ºH˜Î ‰õÄ_® ã¨~Ô #· ^Œx ÉèÏqOK«_∞» .1
XHõ"àÕ ◊ Z=Ô~<· å - g∞~°∞ q=iOz# W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± „Ѩ=K«#O 'ã¨`º« O
XHõ¯\˜ QÍ<Õ =ÙO@∞Ok, |ǨïQÍ =ÙO_»^∞Œ —#‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ ¿+Mò [~åöQÍi 'JÖò
=∞^ŒYÖò JÖò ѶH≤ Çõ Ï≤ — (1/89) #O^Œ∞ q=iOz#@∞¡ - ''J|∂ *ÏѶ~¨ ü =∞iÜ«Ú
PÜ«∞# `«~åfi`« Ǩ~°∂<£ ~°+^‘ Å£ ∞ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± Jaè=∞`åhfl, PÜ«∞# „QÆO^ä"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ
'=ÚJ`åΗ#∞ „ѨÉ∞íè `«fi K«@Oì QÍ KÕÜ∞« |∂x W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±#∞ ã¨O„Ѩk¿ã,Î ^•xH˜
PÜ«∞# "åiOz, ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ =¸ÖÏ^è•~°O HÍx q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡<Õ Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë •Å∞
Hõey =ÙO_ç, "Õ~ˆ fi~°∞ „Ѩ^âÕ ßʼnõÄ, Ѩ@}
ì ÏʼnõÄ "åºÑ≤OKå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú "å~°O`å
ã¨`º« OÃÑ· =Ù<åfl~°∞—— Jx J<åfl~°∞QÍ Jx JO>Ë ^•xH˜ <ÕxKÕÛ ["å|∞ U=∞O>Ë - W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ^•fi~å D ã¨OѶ∞¨ @#
KåÖÏ „Ѩãk≤ Qú ÍOzOk. HÍh nx PYiÖ’ =Ù#fl 'ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ JO^Œ~∂° ã¨`º« OÃÑ·
=Ù<åfl~°∞— J#fl "åHõºO =∂„`«O <å‰õΩ#fl *Ï˝#O "Õ∞~°‰õΩ U ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’#∂
ÅaèOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ .2 Hˆ =ÅO XHõ¯ LÖËY¡ <åxfl J|∂ #~¸"£∞ ǨïÖϺ JÖò BeÜ«∂
(6/332) #O^Œ∞ `«#^≥#· Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞. HÍh D Ѩ~O° Ѩ~Ö° ’ 'q∞MÏÌ"∞£
a<£ ^•=Ó^£— J<Õ =ºH˜Î =Ù<åfl_»∞. W=∂"£∞ [ǨÏc W`«x(|ÅÇ‘Ï#`«) QÆ∞iOz
'APá¶ê— Ü«∞O^Œ∞ q=iOz =Ù<åfl~°∞. J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H,© D LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ‰õÄ_®
'ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ JO^Œ~∂° ã¨`º« OÃÑ· =Ù<åfl~°∞— Jx H͉õΩO_® 'ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ JO^Œ~∂°
`«=∞ TǨÏÅ s`åº `«=∞`«=∞ ^Œ$+≤Öì ’ ã¨`º« OÃÑ· =Ù<åfl~°∞— Jx =ÙOk.
JO^Œ∞=Å¡, ÃÑ·q+¨Ü«∂Å ^•fi~å 'JÖò =∞^ŒYÖò—Ö’ =zÛ# LÖË¡Y#O
HõeÊ`«"∞≥ #ÿ ^Œx `ÕeáÈ~ÚOk. JO`ÕHÍHõ, D LÖËY¡ #O W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ^•fi~å
qâ◊fiã¨hÜ«∞ LÖËY¡ ‰õΩÅ∞ LÖËd¡ Oz# 'ã¨`º« O XHõ¯\˜QÍ<Õ =ÙO@∞Ok, |Ǩï QÍ
=ÙO_»^∞Œ — J#fl „Ѩ=KåxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =ÙOk. ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞, `å|~¸Å∞, #Å∞QÆ∞~°∞
W=∂=ÚÅ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£ KÕ¿ã "å~°O^Œi Jaè=∞`«O ‰õÄ_® ~ÚÖψQ =ÙOk.
JÖÏ¡=∂ W|∞flÖò |„~ü (2/88)Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
~Ô O_»∞ Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~° q~°∞^Œú =K«<åÅ∞ ~Ô O_»∞#∂ XHõ"àÕ ◊ ã¨iÜ≥∞ÿ #"≥`· Õ ã¨ÅѶÅπ ∞,
1.
2.

W|∞flÖò |„~ü - *Ï"≥∞ |Ü«∂xÖò WÖò‡ (2/89)
Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü 'JÖòWxÎMÏ— (41) Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü 'Hõ+πÊù JÖò =ÚQÆ`åΠѶ‘ Ѷ¨*ò¡ JÖò
=ÚJ`åΗ (6-7 ¿ÑrÅ∞) =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc QÍi '`«*òH˜~°ÇπÏ JÖò Ǩïá¶êÊù*ò— (1/195)#∞
ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.

68

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

XHõi W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£Å∞, x~°Ü
‚ ∂« Å∞, f~°∞ÊÅ#∞ =∞~˘Hõ~∞° ã¨ik^ÕÌ "å~°∞HÍ^Œ∞. XHõ
=K«#O =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¨ÓiÎQÍ ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl =K«#O - D ~Ô O_»∞#∂
ã¨iÜ≥∞ÿ #=x XѨÙÊHÀ=_®xH˜ =∞#ã¨∞û ‰õÄ_® JOwHõiOK«^∞Œ .
nxx XHõ Hõq `«# =∂@Ö’¡ ~ÚÖÏ K≥áêÊ_»∞:
~Ô O_»∞ Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~° q~°∞^Œú =K«<åÅ#∞ UHõHÍÅOÖ’ ã¨`º« =∞x x~°∂Ñ≤OK«_=» ∞<Õk
J`«ºO`« Jã¨ÇϨ º"≥∞#ÿ ã≤u÷ !
''ÃÑ·# q=iOK«|_ç# W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± LÖË¡Y#O x~å^è•~°"≥∞ÿ#^Œx
x~°∂Ñ≤OK« |_ç`,Õ =∞i W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±, J|∂ *ÏѶ~¨ ü =∞#∂û~ü#∞ `«# '=ÚJ`åΗ
g∞^Œ „Ѩ[Å#∞ UHõO KÕÜ∞« _®xH˜ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ "åiOKå~°∞? "åi „Ѩuáê^Œ##∞
ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ ã‘fiHõiOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ ? Jx Ü≥∞=Ô~<· å J_çy`Õ ^•xH˜ <ÕxKÕÛ ["åÉËq∞@O>Ë: nxH˜ ["å|∞QÍ <å‰õΩ ^˘iH˜# L`«=Î ∞
LÖËY¡ #O ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl Hõã~‘ ü 'WMˇ™Î ê~ü LÅ∂=ÚÖò ǨÏnãπ— 31= ¿ÑrÖ’ q=iOz#
LÖËY¡ #O. nx „ѨHÍ~°O, W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± J|∂ *ÏѶ~¨ ü =∞#∂û~ü‰Ωõ ["åaã¨∂Î '„Ѩ[Å∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ ã¨∞<Î åfl~°∞. `«^•fi~å <å‰õΩ ÅÉèºí O HÍx ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞
‰õÄ_® "åiH˜ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞<åfl~Ú— Jx J<åfl~°∞.
ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl Hõã~‘ ü WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: Wk (D =∂@)PÜ«∞# (W=∂"£∞
=∂eH±) *Ï˝# ѨiѨHfiõ `«‰Ωõ , x+¨ÊHõá∆ ê`åxH˜ XHõ K«H¯õ \˜ x^Œ~≈° #O.
Hõ#∞Hõ ~°∞A=~ÚºO^Õq∞@O>Ë - Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^•Å∞ Hõey =ÙO_»_»O
JO`å K≥_^¤» ,Õ HÍ~°∞}ºO HÍ^Œ∞. ÃÑQ· Í H˘xfl Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ QÍ#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
=^ŒÌ „ѨtflOK«|_»`å~°∞ ‰õÄ_®.
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ - qq^èŒ Jaè=∞`åÅ#∞ „QÆ∞_ç¤QÍ J#∞ã¨iOKÕ "å~°∞
(=ÚHõe^¡ Å£ ∞) Hõey =ÙO_Õ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞.
HÍh, H˘xfl Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ =∂„`«O xO^•~°›O HÍxq.
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ - ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú "åi J_»∞QÆ∞ *Ï_»ÅÖ’ #_çz#
W=∂=ÚÅ∞ Hõey =Ù#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =∞#efl ‰õÄ_® "åi ™ê÷~ÚH˜ ZuÎ, "åi ™êOQÆ`º« OÖ’H˜ KÕ~∞° ÛQÍHõ!
=∞iÜ«Ú "åix J#∞ã¨iOKÕ ã¨^∞Œ ƒkúx =∞#‰õΩ „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ!

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

69

Hõ#∞Hõ, ~°∞A"≥#· q+¨Ü∞« O Uq∞@O>Ë - ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞
"Õ~∞° , =ÚHõen¡ <£Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ "Õ~∞° .
nx ™ê~åOâ◊"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^•Å∞ Jx"å~°º
Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Ö’¡, QÆ`º« O`«~O° ÖËx Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Ö’¡ U~°Ê_ç#q. JO^Œ∞Hˆ "å~°∞ nx #∞O_ç
„Ѩ[Å#∞ "åiOKÕ "å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ `å=Ú‰õÄ_® ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙO_»_®xH˜
„ѨÜ∞« uflOKÕ"å~°∞. HÍh, =ÚHõen¡ <£Å q+¨Ü∂« x H˘¿ãÎ - Z<Àfl q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ =Ù#fl
Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ ~°∂ѨÙ=∂¿Ñ J=HÍâ◊O =Ù<åfl g~°∞ [# ã¨=¸Ç¨xfl UHõO
KÕ¿ã =∂~°Oæ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ ~å~°∞ ã¨iHõ^• ^•x HÀã¨O „ѨÜ∞« `«flO ‰õÄ_® KÕÜ∞« ~°∞.
ÃÑQ· Í g~°∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å#∞ Hõey =ÙO_»_®xfl ã¨~Ô #· kQÍ ÉèÏq™êÎ~∞° .
WÖÏ ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ, W=∂=ÚÅ =∞^躌 =Ù#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ =∞iÜ«Ú
=ÚHõen¡ <£Å =∞^躌 QÆÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ =∞^躌 KåÖÏ `Õ_® =∞iÜ«Ú ^Œ∂~°O
=ÙOk.
Wq HÍ~°} Ѩ~O° QÍ U~°Ê_ç# Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞.
WHõ „ѨÉÏè ==Ú, Ѷe¨ `åŠѨ~O° QÍ U~°Ê_ç# Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å q+¨Ü∂« xfl
H˘¿ãÎ - Jq ~ÚOHÍ qâ◊^OŒ QÍ =Ù<åfl~Ú. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ =¸ÖÏ^è•~°O
HÍx q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^•Å∞ Hõey =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H©, ÉÏǨϺ SHõ=∞`åºxfl
HÍáê_»\ÏxH˜ =∂„`«O ZO`À *Ï„QÆ`Ϋ =Ç≤ÏOKÕ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú "åix q_»Q˘\˜,ì
"åi™ê÷~Úx kQÆ*ψ~Û Jxfl q+¨Ü∂« Å #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞.
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ - "åiÖ’ H˘O`« =∞Ok, #=∂AÖ’ 'aã≤‡ÖÏ¡ Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨ ‡
x„~°ÇÏ‘ O— #∞ aQÆ~æ Q° Í Ñ¨ÅHõ_O» ã¨~Ô #· kQÍ ÉèÏq¿ãÎ =∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° "≥∞Å¡QÍ Ñ¨ÅHõ_®xfl
ã¨~Ô #· kQÍ ÉèÏqOKÕ"å~°∞. JÖψQ "åiÖ’ H˘O^Œ~∞° #=∂AÖ’ ~°ÑÜ
¨¶ ∞« ^≥<· £ KÕÜ∞« _®xfl
ã¨~Ô #· kQÍ ÉèÏq¿ãÎ =∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° ^•xx ã¨~Ô #· kQÍ ÉèÏqOKÕ"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞. H˘O^Œ~∞° ,
„ã‘xÎ `åHõ_O» =Å¡ =ÙE ÉèOí QÆO J~ÚáÈ`«∞O^Œx ÉèÏq¿ãÎ =∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° ^•xH˜
q~°∞^Œ"ú ∞≥ #ÿ Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl Hõey =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞. WÖÏO\˜ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ "å~°∞
Hõey =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© "å~°O`å XˆH W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ #=∂A K«k"Õ "å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
g\˜ HÍ~°}OQÍ U ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞_»∞ ‰õÄ_® W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ #=∂*ò K«^Œ=_®xH˜
"≥#∞HõO[ "Õ¿ã"å_»∞ HÍ^Œ∞.

70

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

HÍh =ÚHõen¡ <£Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞, ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å‰õΩ
ѨÓiÎQÍ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ =Ù<åfl~Ú. gi Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å Ѷe¨ `«OQÍ<Õ „Ѩ[Å∞ 'ÖÏ
WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ∞„~°ã∂¨ Å∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ — ™êHõ∆ ºO `«~åfi`« W™ê¡O‰õΩ ~Ô O_»=
=¸Å ã¨O÷ Éè"í ∞≥ #ÿ #=∂A q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® <Õ_∞» Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ Hõey
=ÙO_ç, q_çáÈ~Ú =Ù<åfl~°∞.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - =∂Ö’ KåÖÏ =∞Ok q#fln, K«∂ã≤#n1 Uq∞@O>Ë =ÚHõen¡ <£Å∞ ™ê=¸Ç≤ÏHõOQÍ XˆH W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ #=∂*ò K«^=Œ _®xH˜ ~Ú+¨Ñì _¨ ~» ∞° .
ÃÑQ· Í `«=∞ Jaè=∞`åxH˜ K≥O^Œx U W=∂"£∞ "≥#Hõ J~Ú<å K«k"Õ #=∂A
<≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ Jh ÖË^• Jk QÆi›OK«^QŒ æÆ K«~º° Jx `«ÅáÈ™êÎ~∞° . D q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ "åi
ѶH≤ Çõ Ïπ „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ „"åã≤ =Ù#flO^Œ∞=Å¡ g@xfl\˜h "å~°∞ ã¨~Ô #· =x ÉèÏq™êÎ~∞° . nx
Ѩ~º° =™ê#O =¸ÅOQÍ <Õ_∞» g∞‰õΩ XˆH =∞ã≤^˚ Ö£ ’ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ "≥∞„ǨÉòÅ∞ (=∞ã≤^˚ £
QÀ_»Ö’x PiÛ) HõxÑ≤™êÎ~Ú. JHõ¯_» <åÅ∞QÆ∞ Jaè=∞`åʼnõΩ K≥Ok# W=∂=ÚÅ∞
XHõi `«~åfi`« =∞~˘Hõ~∞° #=∂A KÕ~Ú™êÎ~∞° . XHõ W=∂"£∞ `«# Jaè=∞`«O "åiH˜
#=∂A KÕ~Úã¨∞OÎ >Ë, W`«~° Jaè=∞`åÅ "å~°∞ `«=∞ `«=∞ W=∂"£∞ HÀã¨O "Õz
K«∂ã¨∞ÎO\Ï~°∞.
JO`ÕHÍ^Œ∞ - =∞iH˘O^Œ~∞° =ÚHõen¡ <£Å ^ŒQ~ÔæÆ `· Õ D Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë •Å∞
=∞iO`« HÍiî#º~°∂ѨO ^•Å∞Û‰õΩ<åfl~Ú.
"å~°∞ U=∞O\Ï~°O>Ë- ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ѨÙ~°∞+¨µ_»∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ „ã‘xÎ q"åǨÏ=∂_»@O
ã¨~Ô #· k HÍ^Œ∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi, XHõ „Ѩã^≤ úŒ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ѨO_ç`∞« _»∞ - `«~åfi`« =ÚѶΑ Jã¨ûYÖˇ<· £
(=∂#=ÙÅ, l<åfl`«∞Å =ÚѶ)Α QÍ ¿Ñ~°∞ QÍOKå_»∞ - ~ÚÖÏ Ñ¶`¨ åfi *Ïs KÕâß_»∞
- XHõ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ѨÙ~°∞+¨µ_»∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ „ã‘xÎ q"åǨÏ=∂_»=K«∞Û. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë "åi
(ëêѶ~¨ ¸Å∞) ™ê÷~Ú „QÆO^äŒ „Ѩ[Å (Ü«¸^Œ∞Å∞, „ÔHã· =Ψ ÙÅ∞) ™ê÷~Ú =O\˜k.2
nxÖ’ ^•y=Ù#fl ~ÚOHÀ J~°O÷ Uq∞@O>Ë - nx =ºuˆ~Hõ ã≤u÷ Ö’ q"åǨÏ
=∂_»~å^Œ∞. JO>Ë- „QÆO^äŒ „Ѩ[ŠѨÙ~°∞+¨µÅ∞ =Úã≤O¡ „ã‘ÅÎ #∞ q"åǨÏ=∂_» ÖËx
q^èOŒ QÍ<Õ ëêѶ~¨ ¸ ѨÙ~°∞+¨µ_»∞ ‰õÄ_® ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ „ã‘xÎ q"åǨÏ=∂_»Ö_Ë ∞» .
1.
2.

'=∂ÖÏ Ü«∂E*ò Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï JÖò dÖÏѶπ— ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’ 8= J^蕺ܫ∞O, 65-72 ¿ÑrÅ#∞
u~°ˆQ¿ãÎ g∞‰õΩ WÖÏO\˜ KåÖÏ L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å∞ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`å~Ú. "å\˜Ö’ H˘xfl JÖò
J[ǨÏ~ü Ü«¸x=iû\©H˜ K≥Ok# LÅ=∂Å∞ q=iOK«#q.
JÖò |ǨÏ~°∞„~å~ÚMò

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

71

WÖÏO\˜ Z<Àfl L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å∞ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© `≥e"≥·# "åiH˜ D Ô~O_»∞
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}Å∞ KåÅ∞, `«~åfiu HÍÅO "åi Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^•Å =Å¡ =∞iÜ«Ú
"å\˜ÃÑ<· Õ "å~°∞ Ѩ@∞ì|\˜ì =ÙO_»_O» =Å¡ Hõey# K≥_∞» Ѷe¨ `åÅ#∞, „ѨÉÏè "åxfl
qâ◊^ŒÑ¨~°K«_®xH˜.
HÍh nxH˜ =ºuˆ~HõOQÍ, ã¨ÅѶ٨ ™êûeÇ‘Ï<£Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë •Å =Å¡ =Úã≤O¡
ã¨=∂[OÃÑ· U q^è"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ K≥_∞» „ѨÉÏè =O Ѩ_Ö» ^Ë ∞Œ . JO^Œ∞Hˆ "å~°∞ - k=ºY∞~üP<£
Ö’x - ^è~Œ ‡° OÖ’ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ Hõey =ÙO_»_®xfl "åiOz# PÜ«∞`«∞ʼnõΩ
Jf`«∞Å∞. nxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ, `«~åfiu `«~åÅ "å~°∞ D PÜ«∞`«∞ʼnõΩ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ
=Ù<åfl~°∞. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =∞#O^Œih ~°∞A=∂~°Oæ ÃÑ· #_çÑO≤ K«∞QÍHõ!
XHõ"àÕ ◊ =ÚHõen¡ <£Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å =Å¡ Hõey# K≥_∞» „ѨÉÏè =O Hˆ =ÅO
=Úã≤¡O ã¨=∂[O =~°ˆH =ÙO_ç =ÙO>Ë, q+¨Ü«∞O JO`« QÆOcè~°OQÍ =ÙO_Õk
HÍ^Õ"≥∂. HÍh ^Œ∞~°^Œ$+¨ì=âß`«∂Î Z<Àfl ^ÕâßÖ’¡ nx K≥_»∞ Ѷ¨e`åÅ∞ ˆH=ÅO
=Úã≤O¡ ã¨=∂[O =~°Hˆ =ÙO_»H,õ =Úã≤"¡ ∞Õ `«~° ã¨=∂[OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® „Ѩ"tÕ OKå~Ú.
`«^•fi~å gi (=ÚHõe¡n<£) Jaè„áêÜ«∞ ÉèË^•Å∞, QÆ∞OѨÙÅ∞ QÆ∞OѨÙÅ∞QÍ
=Úã≤"¡ ∞Õ `«~∞° Å∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ^è~Œ ‡° OÖ’ KÕ~‰° Ωõ O_® J=~À^èOŒ QÍ xeKå~Ú.
JÖò QÆ*Ïb '[ÖÏ"£∞ JÖò QÆ~ƒü — (200 ¿Ñr) #O^Œ∞ D „H˜Ok ã¨OѶ∞¨ @##∞
ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞:
J"≥∞iHÍÖ’x „Ñ≤<û£ @<£ Ü«¸x=iû\©Ö’ [iy# XHõ HÍ#Êù~Ô #∞ûÖ’ XHõ`#« ∞
~ÚÖÏ „ѨtflOKå_»∞ - D „Ѩâfl◊ ™ê=∂#ºOQÍ W™ê¡O =ºuˆ~‰õΩʼnõÄ, W™ê¡g∞Ü«∞
É’^è#Œ ŠѨ@¡ „â◊^úŒ K«∂¿Ñ "åiH˜ =ã¨∂Î =ÙO@∞Ok J^Õq∞@O>Ë - =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅ∞ „ѨÑO¨ K«O =ÚO^Œ∞ U É’^è#Œ Å#∞ =ÙOK«∞`å~°∞?
U W™ê¡"∞£ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ g∞~°∞ PǨfixã¨∞<Î åfl~À ^•x ѨiK«Ü∂« xfl q=iOKåe. "å~°∞
ã¨∞hflÅ É’^è#Œ Å∞ q=i™êÎ~å ÖËHõ +≤Ü∂« ... JO>Ë .... W=∂q∞Ü«∂ =∞iÜ«Ú
*ˇk· Ü«∂ "åi É’^è#Œ Å<å? ÃÑQ· Í D =~åæÅ∞ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ ‰õÄ_® qÉèlí OK«|_ç
=Ù<åfl~Ú. JO^Œ∞Ö’ XHõ =~°Oæ ѨÙ~ÀQÆux ^Œ$+≤Öì ’ ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x PÖ’z¿ãÎ =∞~˘Hõ\ k˜
`«# PÖ’K«#ÅÖ’ "≥ÚO_çQÍ „Ѩ=iÎã∞¨ OÎ k.
Ѷe¨ `«OQÍ, ^•~¸ÖË (W™ê¡O ã¨O^Õâ◊ „ѨKå~°‰Ωõ Å∞) ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ "åˆ~, `å=Ú

72

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

W™ê¡O "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ PǨfixOKÕ "åix (=Úã≤"¡ ∞Õ `«~∞° Å#∞) ã¨Oâ◊Ü∞« OÖ’ Ѩ_"» âÕ ß~°∞.
HÍ~°}O ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ "åˆ~ ã¨Oâ◊Ü∞« OÖ’ Ѩ_ç =Ù<åfl~°∞.1
JÖÏ¡=∂ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ ã¨∞ÖÏÎ<£ =∂ã¨∂q∞ ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ `«# 'ǨÏkÜ«∞º
Jã¨∞ûÖÏÎ<£ WÖÏ =Úã≤g¡ ∞ aÖÏ^£ *ÏÉÏ<£— Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ñ‘iHî õ Ü«∞O^Œ∞ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
1.

WHõ¯_» <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - QÆ*Ïe Ü≥ÚHõ¯ 'Jã¨∞û#flÇπÏ J#fl|qÜ«∞ºÇπÏ Éˇ#· JǨïÖ¡ ò
ǨÏnãπ = JǨï¡Öò Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ— ѨÙã¨ÎHõO =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# W`«~° ~°K«#Å ^•fi~å ã¨Ê+¨ì=∞ÜÕ∞º
q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ PÜ«∞# ‰õÄ_® W^Õ HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok# ã¨O^Õâ◊‰õΩ_»∞ H˘xfl Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ J`«x q=~°} =∞iÜ«Ú H˘xfl ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÖ’¡x J`«x "庙êÅ
P^è•~°OQÍ, <Õ#∞ J`«#∞ Ѩ_»¤ J#∞=∂<åÅ#∞, ã¨Oâ◊Ü«∂Å#∞ =ÚO^Õ TÇ≤ÏOKå#∞.
ã¨∞#fl`ü‰Ωõ =„HõÉÏè +¨ºO K≥|∞`å_»x ‰õÄ_® TÇ≤ÏOKå#∞. J`«#∞, `«# |∞kú`À ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞
|ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥·#qQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕ™êÎ_»∞. D q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ `«#∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ âß„ã¨Î=Ú =∞iÜ«Ú
^•x xÜ«∞=∂Å "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ =∞à◊§_»∞ ã¨iHõ^• ǨÏnã¨∞ ѨO_ç`∞« Å "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ ‰õÄ_® =∞~°Å_»∞.
ÃÑ·QÍ `«#H˜+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞, Jk |ÅÇ‘Ï# "≥∞ÿ#ѨÊ\˜H©, „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕ™êÎ_»∞ `«#‰õΩ #K«Ûx ǨÏnã¨∞#∞, Jk |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© ^•xx
|ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕ¿ã™êÎ_»∞. D q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ J`«x =Ú#∞Ѩ\ ˜ ѨÙã¨ÎHõ"≥∞ÿ#
'Ѷ≤HõǨÏã‘û~°ÇπÏ— Ü≥ÚHõ¯ <åÅ∞QÆ= Z_ç+¨<£Ö’ <Õ#∞ KÕã≤# ǨÏnã¨∞Å `«„v*ò (ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞
â’kèOz "å\˜ "åã¨ÎqHõ`«#∞ ‰õ∆Ω}‚OQÍ `≥eÜ«∞*ËÜ«∞_»O) ‰õΩ Ñ‘iîHõQÍ PÜ«∞# „"åã≤#
~å`«Ö’¡ `Õ@`≥Å¡=∞=Ù`«∞Ok. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ D Ѩxx <Õ#∞, XHõ J[ǨÏs ѨO_ç`«∞x
^•fi~å JOk# J`«x JÉèíº~°÷# "Õ∞~°ˆH KÕâß#∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∞#fl`ü =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# rq`« K«i„`« „áê^è•#º`«#∞ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ =ÙOK«∞H˘x,
x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ `«ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∞ q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ KÀ@∞ KÕã∞¨ HÀ‰õÄ_»^#Œ fl L^ÕâÌ º◊ O`À ##∞fl JÉèºí i÷OKå
_»x J#∞H˘x <Õ#∞ "≥O@<Õ D ѨÙã¨ÎHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ `«„v*ò KÕâß#∞. `«~åfi`« J`«#∞
J^Õ Ñ¨Ùã¨ÎHõOÖ’ 'ǨϟÖÏ JǨÏnãπ Ǩ[Öò H˜`åÉò— ¿Ñ~°∞`À XHõ J^蕺ܫ∂xfl KÕiÛ
^•O\’¡ <å `«„v*ò#∞ „Ѩâ◊Oã≤Oz, ã¨O`Àëêxfl =ºHõÎO KÕÜ«∞_»O ‰õÄ_® [iyOk.
^•x`Àáê@∞ J~°÷O Ѩ~°OQÍ |ÅÇ‘Ï#OQÍ =Ù#fl ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã‘fiHõiOz, „áê=∂}˜Hõ
ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã¨~Ú`«O q_çz ÃÑ>Ëì ^Œ$HõÊ^äŒO QÆ∞iOz „"ÕÖˇ`«Î_»O ‰õÄ_® [iyOk.
^•x`Àáê@∞, J`«#∞ áê~î°‰õΩʼnõΩ - `«# ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ '*Ï˝#O P^è•i`« `«„v*ò—‰õΩ U
=∂„`«O qÅ∞=ÖË^Œ∞, *Ï˝#O P^è•i`« `«„v*ò ‰õÄ_® =∞<À q=~°} ÃÑ·<Õ P^è•~°Ñ¨_ç
=ÙOk— J#fl q+¨Ü«∂xfl `≥eÜ«∞*Ëâß_»∞.
=∞i K«∂_»É’`Õ - =∞<À q=~°}Ö’ JO^Œi Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞ XˆHÖÏQÆ =ÙO_»=Ù. XHõ
q+¨Ü∞« O XHõi ^ŒQ~æÆ ° ã‘fiHÍ~°Ü∂≥ Qƺ"≥∞`ÿ ,Õ J^Õ q+¨Ü∞« O =∞~˘Hõi ^ŒQ~æÆ ° ã‘fiHÍ~° Ü≥∂QƺO
HÍ^Œ∞. WÖÏ, ~ÚHõ ^èŒ~°‡O JO>Ë ˆH=ÅO `«=∞ `«=∞ =∞<À"åOKè«Å J#∞ã¨~°}QÍ

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

73

--q∞yeáÈ`«∞Ok. `«^•fi~å ˆH=ÅO ã¨fiO`« ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}ÏÅ∞ `«Ñ¨Ê =∞ˆ~ xÜ«∞=∂Å∂ q∞ye
=ÙO_»=Ù. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ D q+¨Ü«∞O W™ê¡g∞Ü«∞ ѨO_ç`«∞Å UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞"≥∞ÿ# (W*χ)
'xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ Ñ¨~°OѨ~° (ã¨#^£) J<Õk ^èŒ~°‡OÖ’ XHõ JO`«~åƒùQÆO. XHõ"Õà◊ Ѩ~°OѨ~°
J<Õ^Õ ÖËHõáÈ~Ú =ÙO>Ë, „Ѩ[Å∞ `«=∞ ~Ú+¨ìO =zÛ#@∞¡ =∂\Ï¡_Õ"å~°∞— J#fl ^•xH˜
q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =ÙOk.
QÆ*Ïe - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J`«xH˜ ã¨<å‡~åæxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ! - `«# ѨÙã¨ÎHõO 'Jã‘û~°ÇπÏ—Ö’x
KåÖÏ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ÅÖ’, ÃÑ· q+¨Ü«∂xH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =º=ǨÏiOKå_»∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, D
ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’x JkèHõ ÉèÏQÆO '=Ú~°ûÖò— =∞iÜ«Ú '=∞øã¨∞Öò— ǨÏnã¨∞Å`À xO_ç =ÙOk.
^•xÖ’ =Ù#fl =Úã¨fl^£ ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ H˘xfl |ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ =Ù<åfl~Ú. <å `«„v*ò#∞
J^茺ܫ∞#O KÕ¿ã "å_çH˜ D q+¨Ü«∂Åhfl `≥Å∞™êÎ~Ú.
"åã¨Î=O W^≥·#ѨÊ\˜H©, `«#∞ (QÆ*Ïe) ÃÑ·# ¿Ñ~˘¯#fl J^蕺ܫ∞OÖ’ ã¨QÆ~°fiOQÍ ~ÚÖÏ
„ѨHõ\ ˜OKå_»∞:
''<Õ#∞ D ѨÙã¨ÎHõ ~°K«#Ö’ =∞^èÕº=∂~åæxfl J#∞ã¨iOK«_®xH˜ =∞iÜ«Ú qâ◊fiã¨hÜ«∞"≥∞ÿ#
„QÆO^ä•ÅÃÑ· #=∞‡Hõ=ÚOK«_®xH˜ ѨÓiÎQÍ Hõ$+≤ KÕâß#∞. WÖÏ D ~°OQÆOÖ’ <Õ#∞
ã¨Ñ¶¨bHõ$`«∞}˜‚ JÜ«∂º#<Õ J#∞‰õΩO@∞<åfl#∞. <Õh ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’ XHõ ^è•i‡Hõ xëê‚`«∞xH˜
ã¨O`«$Ñ≤Î HõeyOKÕ LÖË¡Y<åÅ<Õ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå#∞.——
Wn J`«x „ѨHõ@#! HÍh, XHõ"Õà◊ J`«}˜‚ - h=Ù h W*ˇÎǨ^£‰õΩ P^è•~°OQÍ U
q+¨Ü∂« xfl fã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl=Ù? ^•x P^è•~°O - U ǨÏnã¨∞ xÜ«∞=∂Å#∞ ÃÑ_»Kq≥ # ÃÑ@ì_O»
=Å¡ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) "åã¨ÎqHõ rq`« K«i„`«#∞ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀ=_»O
™ê^茺OHÍ^À P ǨÏnã¨∞ xÜ«∞=∂ÖË<å? Jx „Ѩtfl¿ãÎ, J`«#∞ - '<Õ<≥·`Õ ˆH=ÅO <å
ã¨fiO`« Jaè„áêÜ«∞O, ^Œ$+≤Hì À}ÏÅÃÑ<· Õ #=∞‡Hõ=ÚOKå#∞— J<Õ ["åa™êÎ_∞» . ("åã¨"Î åxH˜)
D Ѩ^Œúu Ö’x K≥_»∞Å#∞ QÆ∂iÛ Wk =~°ˆH ã¨∂zOKå#∞. nxH˜ P^è•~°O - |ÅÇ‘Ï#
ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#qQÍ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨Ç‘Ï Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Å#∞, z=iH˜ |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ Ãã·`«O |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#qQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕ¿ã J`«x Ѩ^Œúu. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl <å
`«„v*ò Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ñ‘iîHõÖ’ q=iOKå#∞. D Ñ‘iîHõ#∞ QÆ*Ïb, `«# 'Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ ã‘~°ÇπÏ— ѨÙã¨ÎHõO,
<åÅ∞QÀ Z_ç+¨<£Ö’, =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOz#@∞¡ P~°OÉèíOÖ’<≥·`Õ =Ú„kOKå_»∞. HÍh,
^Œ∞~°^Œ$+¨ì=âß`«∂Î, `«~°∞"å`« =zÛ# ^•~°∞Öò YÅ"£∞, _≥=∂㨯ãπ "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·# "åi
Z_ç+¨<£ÅÖ’ nxx =∂Ü«∞O KÕâß_»∞!
J`«x x~åfiHõO H˘O^Œix WÖÏ PÖ’zOѨ*Ëã≤Ok: ''J`«x JÉèíº~°÷# L^ÕÌâ◊ºO - ˆH=ÅO
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∞#fl`ü‰õΩ ¿ã= KÕã≤, ^•xx Ѩi~°H˜∆Oz, *Ï˝#
xÜ«∞=∂Å P^è•~°OQÍ „áê=∂}˜H,õ |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞#ÿ "å\˜ =∞^躌 =º`åºã¨O Hõ#|iKÕ "åix

74

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

[áê<£Ö’x \’HÀº, |™êHÍ Ñ¨@}
ì =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅ `«~Ñ° Ù¨¶ #∞O_ç <å =^Œ‰Ì Ωõ
XHõ „Ѩâfl◊ =zÛOk. ^•x ™ê~åOâ◊O ~ÚÖÏ =ÙOk:
W™ê¡O ^è~Œ ‡° Ѩ٠"åã¨qÎ Hõ`« Uq∞\˜? Jaè=∞`«O JO>Ë Uq∞\˜? XHõ"àÕ ◊
Z=Ô~<· å W™ê¡"∞£ ^è~Œ å‡xfl ã‘fiHõi¿ã,Î J`«xH˜, <åÅ∞QÆ∞ Jaè=∞`åÖˇ#· ǨÏ#Ѷ,‘ =∂eH©,
ëêѶ~¨ ¸, ǨÏO|bÅÖ’ U^À XHõ ^•xfl ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» `«Ñʨ xã¨i J=Ù`«∞O^•
ÖËHõ J=ã¨~O° ÖË^•?
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë-~ÚHõ¯_» H˘O^Œ~∞° |∞kúr=ÙÅ∞ W™ê¡"∞£ ã‘fiHõiOz, qâßfiã¨∞Å∞QÍ
=∂~°^eŒ z, `«=∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl \’HÀºÖ’x =Úã≤O¡ ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO =ÚO^Œ∞Oz#
ã¨O^Œ~ƒ° Où Ö’ XHõ ÉèÜ
í ∞« OHõ~"° ∞≥ #ÿ Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë OŒ =∞iÜ«Ú J`«ºO`« #+¨^ì •Ü«∞Hõ"∞≥ #ÿ
q"å^ŒO ã¨OÉèqí OzOk.
Q“~°qã¨∂Î, ÃÑ· q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ ã¨fiO`« ^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}ÏÅÃÑ·, "Õˆ~ W`«~° HÍ~°}ÏÅÃÑ·, HÀiHõÅÃÑ·
#=∞‡HõO =ÙOKÕ "åix U =∂„`«O Ѩ\ ˜ìOK«∞HÀx "åi ^ŒQÆæ~° `«# ѨÙã¨ÎHõO ZÖÏÔQ·<å
„áêK«∞~°ºO á⁄O^•e J#fl^Õ——.
QÆ*Ïb - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J`«xH˜ ã¨<å‡~åæxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ! - `«# 'Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ ã‘~°ÇπÏ— =∞iÜ«Ú
W\©=e ѨÙã¨ÎHõO 'Jã¨∞û#flÇπÏ J#fl|qÜ«∞º`«∞ ɡ·# JǨï¡Ñ¶≤ÊùHõÇπÏ = JǨï¡Öò ǨÏnãπ—
#O^Œ∞ D Ѩ<Õ KÕâß_»∞. nx ^•fi~å „Ñ¨[ʼnõΩ ã¨Ê+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - W`«#∞
'=Ú`«[b— Jaè=∞`åxH˜ K≥Ok#"å_»∞.
J`«x ^Œ$+≤Öì ’ - ǨÏnã¨∞ "Õ`ÅΫ Hõ+™ì¨ ê^躌 "≥∞#ÿ ǨÏnã¨∞ ¿ã=Å∞ =∞iÜ«Ú „áê=∂}˜H=õ Ú,
|ÅÇ‘Ï#=ÚÅ =∞^茺 qK«Hõ∆} K«∂Ѩ_»O =O\˜ q+¨Ü«∂ʼnõΩ U =∂„`«O qÅ∞=ÖË^Œ∞.
Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ W=∂=ÚÅ Hõ~îÀ~° „â◊=∞ =∞iÜ«Ú nx#∞ѨÜ≥∂yOz "å~°∞ ~°∂á⁄OkOz#
xÜ«∞=∂Å∞, "Õˆ~ W`«~° Z<Àfl q+¨Ü«∂ŠѨiëê¯~°O - g\˜H˜ QÆ∂_® J`«x =^ŒÌ U
=∂„`«O qÅ∞=ÖË^∞Œ . ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - J`«#∞, xÜ«∞=∂Å∞, ã¨∂„`åÅ#∞ ÖˇH¯õ KÕÜ∞« ‰õΩO_®<Õ
Ѷ≤HõÇπÏ xÜ«∞=∂Å∞, W`«~° q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡ `«# H˜+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# ^•xx ã‘fiHõi™êÎ_»∞, W+¨ìOÖËx
^•xx u~°ã¨¯i™êÎ_»∞.
J`«xx YO_çOz, ÉèíÜ«∞OHõ~°"≥∞ÿ# J`«x ^Œ$+≤ì ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}Ïxfl |@ì|Ü«∞Å∞ KÕã≤#
LÅ=∂ʼnõΩ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ L`«Î=∞ „ѨuѶ¨ÖÏxfl „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ!
<å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’, D HÍ~åºxfl K«Hõ¯QÍ x~°fiiÎOz# "å~°∞ <å t+¨µºÖˇ·# _®Hõì~ü ~°c a<£ ǨÏn
JÖò =Ú^£YbQÍ~°∞. gi "åºã¨O Já¶êæh Ѩ„uHõ 'JÖò =Ú*ÏÇ≤Ï^£ J^Œ^£, 9-11——#O^Œ∞
„ѨK«∞iOK«|_çOk. JÖψQ, =∞~˘Hõ "åºã¨O, =∂ ™È^Œ~°∞Öˇ·# ™êÖˇÇπÏ a<£ J|∞ÌÖò
Jr*ò =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ Pe ¿+Mò QÍik. nx¿Ñ~°∞ 'JÖò =∞Ü«∂^£ e WÅ∞‡<£ QÆ*Ïb.—

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

75

ÉèÏ~°`« ^ÕâßxH˜ K≥Ok# XHõ =~°Oæ - W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê D L=∞‡`ü‰Ωõ
nѨO ÖÏO\˜ "åÔ~#· O^Œ∞=Å¡ "å~°∞ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ Jaè=∞`åxfl ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» "åiÃÑ·
qkèQÍ LOk Jx ã¨∂zOK«QÍ, WO_À<Õ+≤Ü«∂‰õΩ K≥Ok# =∞~À =~°æO ëêѶ~¨ ¸Å∞QÍ =∂~°_O» g∞ÃÑ· =Ù#fl q^Œ∞ºHõÎ ^è~Œ ‡° =∞x "åiH˜ ã¨∂zOzOk.
[áêhÜ«ÚʼnõΩ gi =∂@Å∞ Pâ◊Û~åºxfl HõeyOKå~Ú. `«^•fi~å "å~°∞
`«=∞ (W™ê¡"∞£ ã‘fiHõ~}° ) ã¨OHõÖÏÊxfl q~°q∞OK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. WÖÏ, #ÅQÆ∞~°∞ W=∂=ÚÅ
Jaè=∞`åÅ q+¨Ü∞« O, "åix ([áêhÜ«ÚÅ∞) W™ê¡"∞£ ã‘fiHõiOK«_®xH˜ J=~À^èOŒ QÍ
xezOk!

=¸_»= ã¨O^ÕÇϨ =Ú
=∞iH˘O^Œi ã¨O^ÕÇϨ "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë -ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iã¨∂,Î ^•xH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ
=Ù#fl W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞ `«ºlOK«=∞x g∞iKÕÛ ã¨O^ÕâO◊ J~°O÷ 'W=∂=ÚÅ
É’^è#Œ Å#∞, Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞, W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£— Å#∞ ã¨OѨÓ~°O‚ QÍ `«ºlOK«=∞<ÕQÍ?
nxH˜ <ÕxKÕÛ ["åÉËq∞@O>Ë - "åã¨Î"åxH˜ D ã¨O^ÕǨÏO ã¨`åºxH˜
|Ǩï^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙO_»_"» ∞Õ HÍ^Œ∞, WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ "Õ∞=Ú K«iÛOz# q+¨Ü∂« Å
^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® nx Jã¨`º« `« ã¨Ê+¨=ì ∞=Ù`«∞Ok. HÍ~°}O, "Õ∞O ÃãÅqzÛ# q+¨Ü∂« Åhfl
ÃÑ#· "≥e|∞zÛ# ã¨O^ÕÇ¨ xH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù<åfl~Ú. "Õ∞q∞KÕÛ ã¨O^Õâ"◊ ∞Õ q∞@O>Ë
- Jaè=∞`åxfl ^è~Œ ‡° OQÍ KÕÜ∞« HõO_ç =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xH˜ Y∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞Å ™ê÷~Ú
~Ú=fiHõO_ç. U^≥·<å Jaè„áêÜ«∞ÉèË^ŒO `«ÖˇuÎ#ѨÙ_»∞ ÖË^• ^≥·#Ok# rq`«OÖ’
Z^Œ∞~°Ü∞Õ º ã¨OѶ∞¨ @#ʼnõΩ „H˘`«Î xÜ«∞=∂Å∞ ~°∂á⁄OkOKåeû =zÛ#ѨÙ_»∞, „Ѩã∞¨ `Î «
HÍÅѨ٠Ѷ٨ HõÇ¨ Å∞- #∂`«# =ºH˜QÎ `Æ « q+¨Ü∂« ÅÖ’, q"åǨÏ=Ú, q_®‰õΩÅ∞ "≥Ú^ŒÖ#·ˇ
q+¨Ü∂« ÅÖ’ `«=∞ `«=∞ Jaè=∞`åÅ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ ‰õΩ =∞~°ÖË q^èOŒ QÍ - g∞~°∞ =∞~°ÅHõO_ç.
ÃÑ· q+¨Ü∂« Å HÀã¨O Y∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOKÕ „ѨÜ∞« `«flO ‰õÄ_® "å~°∞
KÕÜ∞« _»O ÖË^∞Œ . JÖÏ KÕã=≤ ÙO>Ë, "åiH˜ `«á⁄ÊѨÙÊÅ, ã¨`åºã¨`åºÅ *Ï˝#O =∞iÜ«Ú
"å\˜ =∞^躌 qK«H}
∆õ KÕÜ∞« _»O `≥eã≤ =ÙO_Õk.
JÖÏ H͉õΩO_®, "å~°∞ 'W=∂=ÚÅ =∞^躌 QÆÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ ("åã¨"Î åxH˜)
HÍ~°∞}ºO— J<Õ Ñ¨^uúŒ x J=ÅOaOz, ~å~ÚfÅ#∞, ™œHõ~åºÅ#∞, "åiH˜ ÅaÌ
KÕ‰Äõ ~ˆ Û q+¨Ü∂« ÅxflO\˜h [=∞ KÕâß~°∞.

76

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

D ã¨O^Œ~åƒùxfl ѨÙ~°ã¯¨ iOK«∞H˘x W=∂"£∞ ã¨∞ÖË=∂<£ `≥g· ∞ ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
XHõ K«H¯õ \˜ =∂@ J<åfl~°∞:
„Ѩu ѨO_ç`∞« x ~å~ÚfÅÃÑ· QÆ#Hõ h=Ù PK«iã¨∂Î áÈ`Õ áêáêÅhfl h
^ŒQ~æÆ ‰° Ωõ KÕ~∞° ‰õΩO\ÏÜü∞!
nxx Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü ~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ '*Ï"≥∞ |Ü«∂#∞Öò WÖò‡(2/9192) #O^Œ∞ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi PÜ«∞# WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
''D q+¨Ü∞« OÃÑ· L=∞‡`üÖ’ UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O (W*χ) =ÙOk =∞iÜ«Ú nxÃÑ·
Jaè„áêÜ«∞Éè^Ë Œ "Õ∞^≥<· å =Ù#fl@∞¡ <å‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞^Œ∞.——
HÍ|\˜ì WÖÏO\˜ `«H^¡© <£ Õ "Õ∞=Ú =ºuˆ~H˜OKÕk. =∂ =ºuˆ~Hõ`« W*χ‰õΩ
J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ =ÙO_»_®xfl g∞~°∞ QÆ=∞xOK«=K«∞Û. ~ÚHõ ã¨`åºxfl ÖËHõ ã¨Ô~·#
q+¨Ü«∂xfl `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀ=_®xH˜ Y∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ ã¨Ê+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# P[˝Å∞ ÅÉèíºO
HÍHõ "Õ~ˆ fi~°∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞ Éè^Ë •Å∞ Hõey# q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ ÖË^• P^è•~åÅ∞ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H©
=∞iH˘O`« ã¨Ê+‘ìHõ~°} J=ã¨~°=∞ÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü«∂ÅÖ’, W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å
"≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ =∞~°e, "å\˜ ^•fi~å „Ñ¨Ü∂≥ [#O, ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞O á⁄O^Œ_®xfl "Õ∞O ZO`«
=∂„`«O =ºuˆ~H˜OK«O. ÃÑ·QÍ WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ "Õ∞=Ú „Ѩ[Å#∞
P^Õt™êÎ=Ú =∞iÜ«Ú „¿Ñ~ˆ Ñ≤™êÎ=Ú.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - Z=Ô~<· å Y∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å Ç≤Ï`«É’^èŒ ã‘fiHõiOKåÅ#∞
H˘<Õ "å~°∞ nx ^•fi~å „Ñ¨Ü∂≥ [#O á⁄O^ŒQÅÆ ~°x PtOK«=K«∞Û.
JÖÏ¡=∂ Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü ~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (2/172) #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ
q=iOKå~°∞:
''<å ™È^Œ~å! hÃÑ· qkèQÍ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - =¸ÖÏ^è•~åÅ#∞
(Y∞~üP<£, ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞) Ѩi~°HO∆˜ K«∞ =∞iÜ«Ú `«Q∞Æ „â◊^úŒ K«∂ѨÙ. Z=Ô~`· Õ Y∞~üP<£,
ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã¨O~°H˜∆OK«_®xH˜ „â◊^ŒÌ K«∂ѨÙ`å_À, Ѷ¨ÙHõǨÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞
ѨijeOz "å\˜x `«# W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£ #O^Œ∞ LѨÜ∂≥ yOK«∞‰õΩO\Ï_À, qq^èŒ ^Œ$+≤Hì À}ÏÅ
=∂~åæÅ#∞ `≥~z° , ѨÅ∞ q^è•Å∞QÍ J~å÷xflKÕÛ ã¨∞#fl`«∞ʼnõΩ q=~°} ~Ú™êÎ_À,
qâı+¡ }¨ J=ã¨~O° ÖˉΩõ O_® J#∞ã¨iOKÕ ã¨∞#fl`ü ÖÏQÍ W=∂=ÚÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å#∞
„QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOK«_À, ÃÑQ· Í ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞
Ѩi~°HO∆˜ z, "å\˜x ѨijeOK«_O» Ö’ LÅ=∂Å PÖ’K«<å ã¨~o° #∞O_ç „Ñ¨H¯õ ‰õΩ
[~°Q‰Æ Ωõ O_®, "å\˜x K«iÛOK«_O» Ö’, J~°O÷ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=_»OÖ’, "å\˜ qâı+¡ }
¨ Ö’

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

77

"åi J_»∞QÆ∞ *Ï_»Ö’¡<Õ #_çKå_À, "åi „ѨÜ∂≥ [#Hõ~° q+¨Ü∂« Å∞, ÃÇÏK«ÛiHõʼnõΩ
QÍ#∞ Hõ$`«[`˝ Å« ∞ `≥eáê_À, KåÖÏ q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ "å~°∞ Hõey=Ù#fl ã¨~Ô #· Jaè„áêÜ«∂
ʼnõΩ QÍ#∞ "åix „ѨâO◊ ã≤ã∂¨ ,Î `«=∞#∞ `å=Ú á⁄~°áê@¡‰Ωõ Jf`«∞Å=∞x "å~°∞
ÉèÏqOK«#@∞¡QÍ<Õ, `«#∞ ‰õÄ_® "åix á⁄~°áê@¡‰Ωõ Jf`«∞Åx ÉèÏqOK«_À, JÖÏO\˜
q^•ºi÷ ã¨ÅѶ٨ ™êûeÇ‘Ï<£Å =∂~°Oæ ÃÑ· =Ù<åfl_»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú J`«<Õ J^Œ$+¨=ì O`«∞_»∞,
ã¨<å‡~°æ J<Õfi+≤.
HÍh Ü≥∞=Ô~`· Õ - ѨijÅ# [~°Ñ_¨ O» #∞O_ç `«##∞ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOz,
=ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOz# =∂ q+¨Ü∂« ŠѨ@¡ q=ÚYOQÍ =ÙO_ç, ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å#∞ `«#
Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞, TǨÏÅ ^•fi~å =ºuˆ~H˜Oz, ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ `«# ã¨fiO`« Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å
Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ =∞Å∞K«∞HÀ=_®xH˜ „ѨÜ∞« `«flO KÕ™êÎ_À, J`«#∞ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ =∂~°„æ Éè+í µ¨ ì
_»=_»"∞Õ H͉õΩO_® W`«~∞° Å#∞ ‰õÄ_® =∂~°„æ Éè+í `ì¨ åfixH˜ QÆ∞i KÕ™êÎ_∞» .
WHõ Z=_çHÔ `· ,Õ =∂ q=~°}Å *Ï˝#O `≥eÜ«∞Hõ, ѨÓiÎ J*Ï˝#O`À `«#
W+¨Oì =zÛ#@∞¡ Z_®ÃÑ_® ^è•i‡Hõ f~°∞ÊÅ∞ ~Úã¨∂Î =ÙO\Ï_À, JÖÏO\˜ "å_»∞
=∞iO`« „QÆ∞_ç"¤ å_»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú =∞iO`« =∂~°„æ Éè+í µ¨ _ì ∂» #∞.
ã¨Ê+¨"ì ∞≥ #ÿ , `Õ*’=O`«"∞≥ #ÿ D =∂~°=æ ÚO_»QÍ h=Ù HÍe „`À=Ö’ ##∞fl
ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ fã¨∞HÔ à◊`å=Ù?

<åÅ∞QÆ= ã¨O^ÕÇϨ =Ú
=∞iH˘O`«=∞Ok =ÚHõen¡ <£ÅÖ’ ÅÉèºí =∞ÜÕ∞º ã¨~fi° ™ê^è•~°} á⁄~°áê@∞
"åix, `«=∞ Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«iOK«_®xH˜ J_»∞¤
=ã¨∞OÎ k. P á⁄~°áê>Ëq∞@O>Ë - "åi Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ÃÑ·
PK«iOK«_O» JO>Ë, L^ÕâÌ º◊ ѨÓ~°fiHõOQÍ `«=∞ W=∂=Ú Ü≥ÚHõ¯ `«ÑÊ≤ ^•xfl ~°∞A=Ù
KÕÜ∞« _»O J#fl J#∞=∂#O. W=∂=Ú `«ÑÊ≤ ^•xfl ~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ∞« _»=∞O>Ë PÜ«∞##∞
J==∂xOK«_O» J#fl=∂@. =∞i ™ê^è•~°} =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅ<Õ J==∂# Ѩ~K° _« O»
^è~Œ ‡° Ü«ÚHõOÎ HÍ#ѨÙ_»∞ XHõ W=∂=Ú#∞ J==∂# Ѩ~K° _« O» ZÖÏ ^è~Œ ‡° ã¨=∞‡`«
=∞=Ù`«∞Ok?
["å|∞: D `«~¯° O x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ k. "åã¨"Î åxH˜, ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J~°O÷ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=
_®xH˜ „Ѩܫ∞uflOK«HõáÈ=_»O =Å#<Õ Wk [xã¨∞ÎOk. JÖÏ HÍHõáÈ`Õ |∞kú=∞O`«∞Öˇ=~°∞ ‰õÄ_® D q^èOŒ QÍ "åkOK«~∞° =∞i. HÍ~°}O - ã¨fiÜ«∂<å

78

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqzÛ =Ù<åfl~°∞: f~°∞Ê K≥¿ÑÊ"å_»∞
QÆ#Hõ W*ˇÇÎ ¨ ^£ KÕã≤ `«^∞Œ Ѩi ã¨`åºxH˜ J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ f~°∞Ê K≥a`Õ, J`«xH˜ ~Ô O_»∞
~Ô @¡ ѨÙ}ºO ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok. XHõ"àÕ ◊ J`«x f~°∞ÊÖ’ á⁄~°áê@∞ [iy`Õ JѨÙÊ_»∞
J`«xH˜ XHõ ѨÙ}ºO ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`«∞Ok.1
D ǨÏnã¨∞ ÃÑ· `«~å¯xfl ~°^∞Œ Ì KÕã∞¨ OÎ k =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x "åã¨qÎ Hõ`#« ∞
|@ì|Ü«∞Å∞ KÕã∞¨ OÎ k. J^≥ÖÏ JO>Ë-XHõ"àÕ ◊ Z=Ô~<· å, Ѷ֨ Ï<å W=∂=Ú ^•fi~å
á⁄~°áê@∞ [iyOk Jx JO>Ë, +¨sÜ«∞`ü „ѨHÍ~°O ^•x J~°O÷ 'P W=∂=Ú XHõ
ѨÙ}ϺxH˜ J~°∞›_Ü
» ∂« º_»#fl=∂@—.
=∞i á⁄~°áê@∞#∞ x~°∂Ñ≤OKÕ "å_ç ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ P W=∂=Ú Ñ¨Ù}ϺxH˜
J~°∞›_á·≥ È~Ú#ѨÙ_»∞, P W=∂=Ú#∞ J==∂xOKÕ „Ѩâfl◊ ZHõ¯_ç #∞O_ç [xã¨∞OÎ k?
Hõ#∞Hõ, xã¨ûO^ÕÇϨ OQÍ W^˘Hõ x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ J#∞=∂#O.
~ÚHõ Z=Ô~`· Õ WÖÏO\˜ x~å^è•~°"∞≥ #ÿ J#∞=∂#OÖ’ Ѩ_ç =Ù<åfl~À, "åiÃÑ·
qkèQÍ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - nxH˜ QÍ#∞ ѨâßÛ`åÎÑѨ _¨ @» O, `«^∞Œ Ѩi `«=∞#∞
`å=Ú ã¨ik^Œ∞HÌ À=_»O. JÖÏ HÍx ѨHO∆õ Ö’ "åˆ~ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ =Úã≤=¡ ÚÅ#∞
J==∂#Ѩiz# "åÔ~·áÈ`å~°∞. P =Úã≤¡=ÚÅÖ’, ™ê^è•~°} =Úã≤¡=ÚÖËHÍ^Œ∞,
ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ∞, `å|~¸ÅÖ’x W=∂=ÚÅ∞, =Ú[ÎÇ≤Ï^£ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·#
"å~°O^Œ~°∂ KÕi =Ù<åfl~°∞. WÖÏ g~°O^Œsfl J==∂# Ѩiz# "åÔ~·áÈ`å~°∞.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë-=∂‰õΩ ã¨Ê+¨ìOQÍ `≥eã≤=Ù#fl^Õq∞@O>Ë - ^è•i‡Hõ ѨO_ç`«∞Å∞
™ê^è•~°}OQÍ XHõi á⁄~°áê@∞#∞ =∞~˘Hõ~∞° x~°∂Ñ≤Oz ^•xx YO_çOKÕ"å~°∞2
=∞i nxx QÆ∞iOz |∞kú=∞O`«∞_≥=~Ô <· å - "å~°∞ (^è•i‡Hõ ѨO_ç`∞« Å∞) XHõi<˘Hõ~∞°
J==∂xOK«∞H˘<Õ"å~°x K≥Ñʨ QÆÅ_®?
ÃÑQ· Í XHõ ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ - XHõ =ºH˜HÎ ˜ =zÛ# HõʼnõΩ J|∂ |„H± (~°l
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) q=~°} W=fiQÍ, ^•xH˜ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )
PÜ«∞# á⁄~°áê@∞#∞ ZuÎ K«∂ѨÙ`«∂ - 'h q=~°} H˘O`« ã¨iQÍ =ÙOk, H˘O`«Ö^Ë ∞Œ —
Jx J<åfl~°∞.
1.
2.

|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
65, 66 ¿ÑrÅÖ’ W=∂"£∞ =Ú[h =∂@Å∞, 54= ¿ÑrÖ’ ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl ~°[Éò
=∂@Å#∞ K«∂_»=K«∞Û.

^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

79

=∞i ~ÚÖÏ KÕã≤ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ), J|∂ |„H±
(~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›)x J==∂# ѨiKå~å?!
Pâ◊Û~°º"Õ∞¿ã q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞=∞O>Ë - =ÚHõen¡ <£Å∞ D ã¨O^ÕÇ¨ xfl P^è•~°OQÍ
KÕã∞¨ H˘<Õ `«=∞ Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«iOK«~∞° . HÍ~°}O,
"åi ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’, P ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÃÑ· PK«iOK«_»=∞O>Ë `«=∞ W=∂=Ú#∞ J==∂#
Ѩ~K° _« "» ∞Õ J#fl=∂@. JO^Œ∞Hˆ "å~°∞, `«=∞ D 'J#∞=∂x`« JQ“~°=O— #∞O_ç
`«=∞#∞ `å=Ú ~°HO∆˜ K«∞HÀ=_®xˆH `«=∞ W=∂=Ú#∞ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOK«_O» Ö’
ã≤~÷ O° QÍ =ÙO\Ï~°∞.
~¸ =ÚHõe^¡ Å£ ∞ - `«=∞‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞Hõ, =∞izáÈ~ÚO^Õq∞@O>Ë - D
J#∞=∂#, ã¨Oâ◊Ü«∂Å HÍ~°}OQÍ "å~°∞ U q+¨Ü«∞O #∞O_≥·`Õ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ
Ѩ~∞° QÔ `åÎ~À, ^•x =Å¡, JO`«H<õ åfl K≥_^¤» #·≥ q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ Ѩ_áç ÈÜ«∂~°∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
- "åix Z=Ô~<· å - (g∞~°#∞‰õΩO@∞#fl@∞¡ XHõ"àÕ )◊ W=∂=Ú J#∞ã¨~}
° =∞iÜ«Ú
J`«x `«H^¡© ,£ J`«x Q“~°"åxH˜ x^Œ~≈° #"≥∞ÿ J`«xx =ºuˆ~H˜OK«_O» , J`«}‚˜ J==∂#
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=ºuˆ~H˜OK«_®xfl =∞iÜ«Ú "å\˜x =ke W=∂=ÚÅ#∞ „QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOK«_®xfl
ZÖÏ ^è~Œ ‡° ã¨=∞‡`«O KÕã∞¨ ‰õΩ<åfl~°∞?
=∞i K«∂_»É’`Õ, W=∂"£∞ á⁄~°áê@¡‰Ωõ Jf`«∞_ÕOHÍ^Œ∞ ã¨iHõ^• J`«}‚˜
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=ºuˆ~H˜OK«_O» , J`«}‚˜ J==∂xOK«_O» J~Ú`Õ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤
= ã¨ÅO¡ )#∞ =ºuˆ~H˜OK«_O» YzÛ`«OQÍ PÜ«∞##∞ J==∂#Ѩ~K° _« O» J=Ù`«∞Ok.
P =∂@H˘¿ãÎ Jk Hˆ =ÅO J==∂xOK«_"» ∞Õ HÍ^Œ∞, ‰õΩ„Ѷπ ‰õÄ_® J=Ù`«∞Ok
(JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞#efl ~°H˜∆OK«∞QÍHõ) Jx J_çy`Õ - ^•xH˜ =ÚHõe¡n<£Å∞ Z\˜ì
Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Ö’¡#∂ ["åa=fiÖË~∞° , Hˆ =ÅO XHõ ["å|∞ `«Ñʨ . nxH˜ ["å|∞QÍ "åi
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ÉÏQÍ Ziy =Ù#fl"å_»∞ HÍ=_»O =Å¡, J`«xÃÑ· #=∞‡HõO =ÙOz, ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞
=kÖËâß=Ú.
D =∂@‰õΩ =∂ ^ŒQ~æÆ ° Z<Àfl ã¨=∂^è•<åÅ∞ =Ù<åfl~Ú. "å\˜ q=~°}‰õΩ

80

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D Ñ‘iHî õ ã¨iáÈ^Œ∞. JO^Œ∞Hˆ "Õ∞=Ú, Hˆ =ÅO XHõ¯ ã¨=∂^è•#O`À<Õ ã¨iÃÑ_»∞`«∞<åflO.
W<å¬ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , D ã¨=∂^è•#O x~°Ü
‚ ∂« `«‡HõOQÍ =ÙO@∞Ok. J^Õq∞@O>Ë Hˆ =ÅO g∞ W=∂"Õ∞ HÍ^Œ∞, P =∂@H˘¿ã,Î g∞ Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞
*Ï˝#O Hõey# W=∂=ÚÅ∞ _»[#¡Ö’ ... HÍ^Œ∞... =O^ŒÖ’¡ =Ù<åfl~°∞. JO^Œ∞=Å¡
ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞ XHõ"àÕ ◊ g∞ Jaè=∞`åxH˜ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H,© W`«~° W=∂=ÚÅÖ’
Z=Ô~<· å ^•xx ã‘fiHõiOz =ÙO>Ë - D ã≤u÷ Ö’ ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«_O» g∞‰õΩ
`«Ñʨ xã¨i J=Ù`«∞Ok. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ g∞izÛ# q=~°} ~ÚHõ¯_»
K≥Å¡^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë q∞=∞‡efl =ºuˆ~H˜OKÕ"å_»∞ ~ÚÖÏ JO\Ï_»∞: ǨÏnã¨∞#∞
ã‘fiHõiOz# W=∂=ÚÅÃÑ· #=∞‡HõO =ÙOz "Õ∞=Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞#∞ ã‘fiHõiOKå=Ú.
JO^Œ∞ˆH, ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã‘fiHõiOz# W=∂=Ú J#∞ã¨~°}, ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ
=Ù#fl W=∂=Ú J#∞ã¨~}
° Hõ<åfl L`«=Î ∞"≥∞#ÿ k.
D q+¨Ü∞« O W<å¬ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , ZO`« ã¨Ê+¨Oì QÍ =ÙO^ŒO>Ë - Z=ih ã¨Oâ◊Ü∂« xH˜
QÆ∞i KÕÜ∞« ^Œ∞.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ , <Õ##QÆe^Õq∞@O>Ë=∂ ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) #=∂A q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’
Hˆ =ÅO ã¨ÇÏ‘ ǨÏnã¨∞Å P^è•~°OQÍ ~°∂á⁄OkOK«|_çOk HÍ|\˜ì nxÃÑ· PK«iOK«x
"å_çH˜ U q^è"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ ™ê‰õΩ ÅaèOK«*ÏÅ^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - nxÖ’ - LÅ=∂ÅO^Œ~∂°
UHõ"∞≥ ÿ UHõ„w=OQÍ u~°ã¯¨ iOz# XHõ¯ ǨÏnã¨∞ ‰õÄ_® ÖË^∞Œ . "å~°ÖÏ KÕÜ∞« ~°∞
‰õÄ_® - ÃÑQ· Í D ѨÙã¨HÎ Oõ Ö’ ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OK«|_ç# q+¨Ü∂« Åxfl\˜h U^À XHõ
LÅ=∂Å ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO ã‘fiHõiOz =ÙOk.
WHõ ("åiÖ’) Z=Ô~`· Õ g\˜x ã‘fiHõiOK«ÖHË áõ È`Õ - "å~°∞ Hõ=∆ ∂~°∞›ÖË HÍHõ,
XHõ ѨÙ}ϺxH˜ ‰õÄ_® J~°∞›Å∞ J=Ù`å~°∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - "åiH˜ P ǨÏnã¨∞ KÕ~H° õ
áÈ~Ú J~Ú<å =ÙO_®e, ÖË^•, XHõ"àÕ ◊ KÕi#ѨÊ\˜H,© |ÅÇ‘Ï# Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À KÕi
=ÙO_®e ÖË^• P ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«ÖHË áõ È=_®xH˜ ^è•i‡Hõ ѨO_ç`∞« ʼnõΩ `≥eã≤#
W`«~° |Å"≥∞#ÿ HÍ~°}O U^≥<· å =ÙO_ç =ÙO_®e.
HÍh, D ѨO_ç`∞« x `«~åfi`«, ~ÚHõ Z=iÔH<· å „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À
QÆ#Hõ D ǨÏnã¨∞ ^˘iH˜`,Õ JѨÙÊ_çHõ J`«xH˜ P ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ `«ºlOz `«# W=∂=Ú#∞

81

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„QÆ∞_çQ¤ Í J#∞ã¨iOK«_®xH˜ ÜÕ∞ ™ê‰õÄ q∞ye =ÙO_»^∞Œ . ÃÑQ· Í J`«xÃÑ· qkèQÍ
=ÙO_Õ q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë-ã¨fiK«Û"ù ∞≥ #ÿ P ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«_O» =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x
Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ W`«~∞° ʼnõΩ É’kèOK«_O» . D Ñ‘iHî õ L^ÕâÌ º◊ =Ú ‰õÄ_® ~Ú^Õ!
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞:

''qâ◊fiã≤Oz# „Ѩ[ÖÏ~å! JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ñ≤Å∞ѨÙ#‰õÄ, PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=HõÎ Ñ≤Å∞ѨÙ#‰õÄ
["å|∞ ѨÅHõO_ç, „Ѩ=HõÎ g∞‰õΩ rq`åxfl „Ѩ™êkOKÕ ^•x "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ q∞=∞‡efl
Ñ≤ez#ѨÙÊ_»∞ `≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀO_ç! JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, =∞x+≤H© J`«x ǨÏ$^ŒÜ«∂xH©
=∞^躌 =Ù<åfl_»h, PÜ«∞# "≥Ñ· Ù¨ Hˆ g∞~°∞ áÈQÆ∞ KÕÜ∞« |_»`å~°x.——
(J<£áê¶ Öò : 24)
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ã¨`º« O ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`å_»∞, PÜ«∞<Õ ã¨<å‡~°Oæ K«∂ѨÙ`å_»∞. PÜ«∞<Õ L`«=Î ∞
ã¨O~°H‰∆õ Ωõ _»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞O KÕ¿ã"å_»∂#∞.

= ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ JÖÏ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡k<£ = JÖÏ PeÇ≤Ï = ã¨ÇÏπ aÇ≤Ï = ã¨ÅO¡ ,
=ÖòÇϨ =ÚÌ eÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£.

- =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ <åã≤~∞° nÌ<£ JÖòÉÏh
_≥=∂㨯ãπ, 28/10/1389 Ç≤Ï„r

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82

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Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
#=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO
(ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla)

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

83

HÍÉÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy xÅ|_»@O
^≥·= „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A HÀã¨O xÅ|_ç#ѨÙÊ_»∞
Jk Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂A J~Ú<å, #Ѷ≤Öò #=∂A J~Ú<å (=ÚO^Œ∞) HÍÉÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy
xÅ|_Õ "å~°∞.1 XHõ ''=Úã¨~¸ ã¨ÖÏ`ü—— (#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î)x
L^ÕÌtOz D "Õ∞~°‰õΩ P*Ï˝Ñ≤ã¨∂Î PÜ«∞# WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞ :
''#=∂A HÀã¨O LѨ„Hõq∞Oz#ѨÙÊ_»∞ K«Hõ¯QÍ =ÙE KÕã¨∞HÀ. `«~åfi`« dÉÏ¡
'JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü— Jx ѨÅ∞‰õΩ——2
"≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy
„Ѩܫ∂}OÖ’ L#flѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«#
"åǨÏ#O `«∂~°∞ʉõΩ, Ѩ_»=∞~°‰õΩ– Z@∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy L#flѨÊ\˜H©3 P "åǨÏ#OÃÑ·<Õ
‰õÄ~˘Ûx PÜ«∞# #ѶÖ≤ ò, q„`ü #=∂AÅ∞ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
''g∞~°∞
Z@∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù u~°∞QÆ∞`å~À JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨=Ú‡YO J@∞ "≥·¿Ñ LO@∞Ok—— J#fl |Y~°
ã¨∂~å 115= PÜ«∞`«∞ nx QÆ∞iOKÕ J=`«iOzOk.4
H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ ^≥·= „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# XO>ˇ
g∞^Õ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #ѶÖ≤ ò #=∂A KÕÜ∂« Åx ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞‰õΩ#flѨÙÊ_»∞ (=ÚO^Œ∞) PÜ«∞#
XO>ˇ#∞ dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uÑ≤Ê
'JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü— Jx ѨeˆH "å~°∞, `«~åfi`« P
"åǨÏ#O Z@∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy#ѨÊ\˜H© PÜ«∞# =∂„`«O #=∂A#∞ H˘#™êyOKÕ
"å~°∞.5 XO>ˇ g∞^Õ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx `«Å`À ã¨O[˝Å ~°∂ѨOÖ’ ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ KÕ¿ã
1.

Wk =Ú`«"åu~ü (Z<Àfl Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À LÖË¡dOK«|_ç#k) J~Ú#O^Œ∞=Å¡ =∞iO`«
q=~°} J=ã¨~°OÖË^Œ∞. P^è•~åÅ HÀã¨O ˆH=ÅO H˘xfl q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ =Ú#∞‡O^Œ∞
~åÉ’`«∞<åfl~Ú.
2,3. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, ã≤~å*ò, Ô~O_»= <≥O|~°∞ qâı¡+¨} 'W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò— ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.
289 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
4. =Úã≤¡O, ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
5. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£ - JÖò +¨MÏ`ü 1/12. nxx lÜ«∂ =∞H±^Œã‘ - 'JÖò
JǨnãπ JÖò =ÚMÏÎ~°— #O^Œ∞ ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. Wɡfl ã¨Hõ<£ nxx
ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. JÖψQ, Wɡfl JÖò =ÚÅdö<£ - Y∞ÖÏã¨uÖò |^ŒiÖò =Úh~ü-

84

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"å~°∞. ~°∞‰õÄ Hõ<åfl ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ `«Å#∞ HÍã¨Î Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ =OKÕ"å~°∞.6 WHõ Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂A
KÕÜ«∂Å#∞‰õΩO>Ë =∂„`«O "åǨÏ#O #∞Oz H˜OkH˜ ky dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy
xÅ|_Õ"å~°∞.7 Ǩϟ~åǨϟsQÍ [iˆQ Ü«Ú^Œú ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ `«# J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂[O
HÀã¨O #=∂A Ѩ^Œúux x~°‚~Úã¨∂Î PÜ«∞#– ''<ÕÅ g∞^Œ xÅ∞K«∞#fl "å~°∞ JÖψQ
xÅ∞K˘x, "åǨÏ#OÃÑ· ™êfis KÕã¨∞Î#fl "å~°∞ "åǨÏ#O g∞^Õ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂A
KÕã¨∞HÀ"åe, dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy =Ù<åfl ÖËHõ áÈ~Ú<å 㨈~—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.8 ^≥·=
„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) WÖÏ (‰õÄ_®) K≥áêÊ~°∞ : ''„Ѩ[Å∞ (Ü«Ú^ŒOú Ö’)
â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ`À `«ÅѨ_ç (â◊„`«∞ ѨO‰õΩÖÎ ’¡H˜ K˘K«∞Û‰õΩáÈ~Ú)#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü——
Jx K≥Ñ≤Ê `«Å`À ã¨O[˝ KÕã¨∂Î LO_»@O ‰õÄ_® KåÅ∞——.9 PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ( WOHÍ) WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞ : ''`«∂~°∞ʖѨ_»=∞~°Å =∞^茺 ÉèÏQÆO
"≥Ú`«ÎO dÉÏ¡<Õ——.10 *Ïa~ü (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) WÖÏ `≥eÜ«∞*Ëã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞ : XHõ™êi
"Õ∞=Ú ^≥·= „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) "≥O@ „Ѩܫ∂}OÖ’ LO_»QÍ
ÖËHõ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) "≥O@~åx Ü«Ú^ŒúO (ã¨iÜ«∂)Ö’
LO_»QÍ (PHÍâ◊OÖ’) "Õ∞Ѷ¨∂Å∞ ^Œ@ìOQÍ Hõ=Ú‡‰õΩ<åfl~Ú. dÉÏ¡ Z@∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù LO^À
`≥Å∞ã¨∞HÀ=\ÏxH˜ "Õ∞=Ú KåÖÏ „Ѩܫ∞uflOKåO. (HÍx ZO`«H© dÉÏ¡ q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’
"Õ∞=Ú UHÍaè„áêÜ«∂xH˜ ~åÖËHõ áÈÜ«∂O. HÍÉÏ Z@∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù LO^À Hõ#∞‰õΩ¯<Õ
q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’) =∂ =∞^茺 aè<åflaè „áêÜ«∞"Õ∞ q∞yeáÈ~ÚOk. JO^Œ∞Hõx „Ѩu
XHõ¯_»∞ "Õˆ~fi~°∞QÍ #=∂A KÕâß_»∞. #=∂A KÕã≤# ã¨÷ÖÏÅ∞ (k‰õΩ¯Å∞) QÆ∞~°∞ÎO_»
\ÏxH˜ "Õ∞=∞O`å =∂‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù w`«Å∞ wã¨∞‰õΩ<åflO. `≥ÖÏ¡i# `«~åfi`« P
w`«Å∞ K«∂âßO. JѨÙÊ_»∞ =∂‰õΩ (x#fl) "Õ∞=Ú KÕã≤# #=∂AÅ∞ dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù

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W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£-1/67 #O^Œ∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ D Jaè„áêÜ«∂<Õfl ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏO
Kå~°∞.
JǨχ^£, ui‡l - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
|∞MÏs, JǨχ^£
|∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ , W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O. 588 #O^Œ∞ nx `«„v*ò KÕÜ∞« |_çOk.
ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
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QÆbÖò— - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.292 #O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

85

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JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ D =$`åÎO`«=∞O`å q=iOKåO. HÍx PÜ«∞# =∂‰õΩ P
#=∂AÅ∞ uiy <≥~"° ~Õ Û° =∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ K«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . ÃÑQ· Í PÜ«∞# =∂‰õΩ ''g∞ #=∂AÅ∞
<≥~°"Õi#>Ë¡ —— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.11
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#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã "å~°∞, P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ HÍÉÏ, PÜ«∞# =ÚO^Õ LO_Õk. JѨÊ\˜H˜

''(F =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£!) h=Ù =∂\˜=∂\˜H© h =ÚMÏxfl PHÍâ◊O "≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ
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dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù#ˆH WѨÊ_»∞ "Õ∞=Ú x#∞fl uѨÙÊ`«∞<åfl=Ú. HÍ|\˜ì h=Ù =ÚMÏxfl
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ÖË^Œ∞.12
WHõ D PÜ«∞`«∞ J=`«iOz# `«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) HÍÉωõΩ Jaè=ÚY∞ÅÜ«∂º~°∞. JѨÊ\˜H© Y∞ÉÏ „áêO`«OÖ’ H˘O`« =∞Ok
„Ѩ[Å∞ Ѷ„¨ *ò #=∂A KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl~°∞. JO`«Ö’ XHõ =ºH˜Î =zÛ "åi`À ''~å„u ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· Y∞~üP<£ (^≥·="å}˜) J=`«iOzOk. HÍÉÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù
uiy #=∂A KÕÜ∞« =∞x JO^Œ∞Ö’ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ P*Ï˝ÑO≤ K«|_çOk. q#O_ç! WѨÙÊ_»∞
g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® P "≥·Ñ¨Ù‰õΩ uiy xÅ|_»O_ç—— Jx J<åfl_»∞. P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ "åi
"≥ÚǨÅ∞ ã≤iÜ«∂ "≥·Ñ¨Ù L<åfl~Ú. J`«_ç`À P P[˝ q#QÍ<Õ "å~°O^Œ~°∂ ‰õÄ_®
(HÍÉÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù) uiy xÅ|_®¤~°∞. "åi W=∂=Ú ‰õÄ_® uiy HÍÉωõΩ Jaè=ÚY∞
_»Ü«∂º_»∞.13
11. ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, ǨH˜"£∞, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd. nx XHõ ™êH˜∆ ui‡l =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl=∂*Ï ÅÖ’ LÖË¡dOz
=Ù<åfl_»∞, =∞~À ™êH˜∆ `«„ÉÏhÖ’. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.294
#O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
12. |Y~° : 144
13. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò, `«„ÉÏh (3/108/2), Wɡfl ™ê^£ - 1/243. nx
`«„v*ò W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.290 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.

86

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

#=∂*òÖ’ xÅ|_»@O (dÜ«∂"£∞)
^≥"· å[˝-''JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ã¨=∞HõO∆ Ö’ =∞ø#OQÍ q#„=ÚÖˇ· xÅ|_»O_ç——14 „ѨHÍ~°O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)Ѷ¨~ü˚ =∞iÜ«Ú #Ѷ≤Öò, W~°∞ ~°HÍÅ
#=∂AÖ’¡#∂ dÜ«∂"£∞ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ (J#QÍ xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å~°∞). J~Ú`Õ
„Ѩܫ∂}OÖ’ =∂„`«O `«# "åǨÏ#OÃÑ· ‰õÄ~˘Ûx LO_Õ #Ѷ≤Öò #=∂A KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
cèHõ~° Ü«Ú^Œú ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ WO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ q=iOz#@∞¡ xÅ|_ç J~Ú<å ÖËHõ
"åǨÏ#OÃÑ·#~Ú<å #=∂A KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<Õ Ñ¨^Œúux PÜ«∞# `«# J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂*ÏxH˜
x~°‚~ÚOKå~°∞: ^•xH˜ P^è•~°O D ^≥·="å‰õΩ¯ :

''g∞~°∞ g∞ #=∂AÅ#∞ ã¨O~°H˜∆OK«∞HÀO_ç - =ÚYºOQÍ J`«∞º`«Î=∞"≥∞ÿ#15
#=∂A#∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨xfl^è•#OÖ’ q^èÕÜ«ÚÖˇ·# ^•ã¨∞Å∞QÍ xÅ|_»O_ç.
Ѩiã≤`÷ ∞« Å∞ „Ѩ=∂^ŒH~õ O° QÍ LO>Ë, #_»∞ã¨∂Î =Ù<åfl ÖËHõ ™êfis KÕã∂¨ Î =Ù<åfl,
ZÖÏ ™ê^茺=∞~Ú`Õ JÖÏ #=∂A K≥Ü«∞ºO_ç. âßOu Éèí„^Œ`«Å∞ <≥ÅH˘#fl
`«~°∞"å`«, JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ g∞‰õΩ <ÕiÊ# Ѩ^Œúu „ѨHÍ~°O PÜ«∞##∞ 㨇iOK«O_ç.
D Ѩ^Œúu ѨÓ~°fiO g∞‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞^Œ∞.——16
=∞$`«∞º=Ù‰õΩ KÕ~∞° =~Ú# "åºkèH˜ QÆ∞~Ô #· ѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤
= ã¨Å¡O) ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕâß~°∞.17 JO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ ‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞# XHõ™êi
‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕâß~°∞. Wk ZѨÊ\˜ q+¨Ü«∞O JO>Ë, ''JѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞# "åºkè
„QÆã¨∞÷ÅÜ«∂º~°∞. „Ѩ[Å∞ PÜ«∞# "≥#Hõ (PÜ«∞# ™ê~°^䌺OÖ’) xÅ|_ç #=∂A
KÕã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞. JѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞# "åix ‰õÄ~ÀÛO_»x Ãã·QÆ KÕâß~°∞. ^•O`À JO^Œ~°∂
14. |Y~° : 238
15. JO>Ë - ã¨Ô~·# Jaè„áêÜ«∞O „ѨHÍ~°O 'J„ãπ #=∂*ò— Jx J~°÷O. "≥∞*Ïi\© LÅ=∂Å
Jaè„áêÜ«∞O ‰õÄ_® W^Õ. giÖ’ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# t+¨µºÅ∞
‰õÄ_® KÕi =Ù<åfl~°∞. nxH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz Z<Àfl ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ =KåÛ~Ú. "å\˜x ǨѶ≤*ò
Wɡfl Hõã‘~ü `«# '`«Ñ¶‘û~ü—Ö’ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞.
16. |Y~° : 238-239
17. ui‡l, JǨχ^£. ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

87

‰õÄ~°∞Û<åfl~°∞. #=∂A =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: ''xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ
g∞~°∞ áê~°j‰õΩÅ∞, ~À=∞#∞Å∞ KÕ¿ã@@∞=O\˜ Ѩx KÕã≤ LO_Õ"åˆ~! "åi ~åAÅ~Ú`Õ
‰õÄ~˘Ûx LO\Ï~°∞, q∞QÆ`å "å~°O`å "åi =ÚO^Œ∞ xÅ|_ç LO\Ï~°∞. JO^Œ∞Hõx
g∞~°∞ JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞HõO_ç. W=∂=Ú#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«@O HÀã¨"Õ∞ J`«xx W=∂=ÚQÍ
xÜ«∞q∞OK«@O [iyOk. Hõ#∞Hõ J`«#∞ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕã#≤ ѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∂ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ∞« O_ç.
J`«#∞ ~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz `«ÅÃÑ·ÔHuÎ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∂ `«ÅÃÑ·ÔHuÎ xÅ∞KÀO_ç. J`«#∞
‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕ¿ãÎ g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞O_ç.——18

"åºkè„QÆã¨∞÷_»∞ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@O
W„=∂<£ a<£ ǨïÃã<· £ (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) WÖÏ JO@∞<åfl~°∞: <å‰õΩ "≥ÚÅÅ
"åºkè LO_Õk. JO^Œ∞‰õx <Õ#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) #∞
(#=∂*ò ZÖÏ K≥Ü«∂ºe? Jx) J_çQÍ#∞. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# ''#∞=Ùfi xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò
K≥~Úº. XHõ"Õà◊ JO`« FÑ≤Hõ ÖËHõáÈ`Õ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx K≥~Úº. P FÑ≤Hõ ‰õÄ_® ÖË#ѨÙÊ_»∞
XHõ „ѨHõ¯‰õΩ uiy Ѩ_»∞H˘x ‰õÄ_® #=Ùfi #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞=K«∞Û—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.19
W„=∂<£ a<£ ǨïÃã·<£ (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) WÖÏ ‰õÄ_® `≥eáê~°∞: ‰õÄ~˘Ûx
#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"åx (ѨÙ}ºO) ã¨OQÆu Uq∞@x <Õ#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨Å¡O)#∞ J_çQÍ#∞. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: ''xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò
KÕÜ«∞@O Jxfl\˜HõO>Ë L`«Î=∞O. XHõ"Õà◊ Z=Ô~·<å ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕ¿ãÎ
J`«xH˜ xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@OÖ’x ã¨QÆO ѨÙ}ºO Åaèã¨∞ÎOk. =∞Ô~=Ô~·<å
Ѩ_»∞H˘x (=∞~˘Hõ LÖË¡Y#O „ѨHÍ~°O "≥Å¡H˜ÖÏ Ñ¨~°∞O_ç) #=∂*ò KÕã≤#@¡~Ú`Õ
J`«xH˜ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"åx ѨÙ}ºOÖ’ ã¨QÆÉèÏQÆO Åaèã¨∞ÎOk.——20
18. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ . nx `«„v*ò <Õ#∞ 'W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò—-ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.394 #O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.
19. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£
W=∂"£∞ Y`åÎc WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: W„=∂<£ a<£ ǨïÃã·<£ (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›)ǨÏnã¨∞
- ZO`À „â◊q∞ã¨∂Î, xÅ|_ç Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂A K«^Œ=QÆeˆQ "åºkè„QÆã¨∞Î}˜‚ ã¨∂z™ÈÎOk.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ , ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂A KÕ¿ã"åxH˜, xÅ|_ç #=∂A KÕ¿ã "åx ѨÙ}ºOÖ’ ã¨QÉÆ Ïè QÆO
Y~å~°∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk. J`«xH˜ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂A KÕÜ«∞_»O ã¨=∞‡`«"≥∞ÿ#ѨÊ\˜H©, xÅ|_ç
#=∂A KÕÜ«∞_®xfl „¿Ñˆ~Ñ≤OKÕ L^ÕÌâ◊ºO`À<Õ PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
WÖÏ LѨ^ÕtOKå~°∞. ǨѶ≤*ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü - Ѷ¨`«Ç¨ïÖò ÉÏi - 1/468Ö’ WÖÏ
ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: W^Õ Ü≥∞O`À 㨿ÇÏ`«∞Hõ"≥∞ÿ# `«~°¯=Ú.
20. 19= áê^Œã¨∂zHõ K«∂_»O_ç.

88

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

PÜ«∞# (D =∂@ P~ÀQƺ=O`«∞}˜‚ L^ÕtÌ Oz K≥ÑÊ≤ Ok HÍ^Œ∞ ÃÑQ· Í PÜ«∞#)
"åºkè„QÆã¨∞Îx QÆ∞iOz K≥Ñ≤Ê# =∂@ Wk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë J#ãπ (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›)
WÖÏ `≥eÑ≤ =Ù<åfl~°∞: ''^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) H˘O`«=∞Ok
=∞#∞+¨µÅ =^ŒÌ‰õΩ |Ü«∞Å∞^Õi "≥àϧ~°∞. "åºkè =¸ÅOQÍ "å~°∞ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò
KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl~°∞. ("åix K«∂ã≤) PÜ«∞# ''‰õÄ~°∞Ûx #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã "åiH˜ xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò
KÕ¿ã"åi ѨÙ}ºOÖ’ ã¨QÆÉèÏQÆO =∂„`«"Õ∞ Åaèã¨∞ÎOk—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.21
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =∞~˘Hõ "åºkè„QÆã¨∞Î}˜‚ Ѩ~å=∞i≈OK«
\ÏxH˜ "≥àϧ~°∞. J`«#∞ kO_»∞ g∞^Œ #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞ÎO_»QÍ K«∂ã≤, PÜ«∞# ^•xfl
ÖÏH˘¯x q㨈~âß~°∞. `«~åfi`« J`«#∞ XHõ 'B^£—22 fã¨∞‰õΩx ^•x g∞^Œ #=∂*ò
KÕÜ«∞É’Ü«∂_»∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•xfl ‰õÄ_® fã¨∞‰õΩx
q㨈~âß~°∞. `«~åfi`« ~ÚÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
''FÑ≤Hõ LO>Ë <ÕÅ g∞^Œ #=∂*ò K≥~Úº. ÖËHõáÈ`Õ ã¨O[˝Å`À<Õ ã¨iÃÑ@∞ì.
™êëêìOQÆ „Ѩ}Ï=∞O (ã¨*ÏÌ)Ö’ `«Å#∞ ~°∞‰õÄ HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ =OK«∞.——23

Ѩ_»=Ö’ #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@O
Ѩ_=» Ö’ #=∂*ò K«^=Œ _»O QÆ∞iOz ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =ã¨ÅO¡ )
#∞ J_»QÆ@O [iyOk. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# WÖÏ K≥áêÊ~°∞: ''=ÚxyáÈÜÕ∞ ÉèíÜ«∞O
ÖË#@¡~Ú`Õ xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò K≥Ü∞« ºO_ç.XHõ"àÕ ◊ ÉèÜ
í ∞« O LO>Ë ‰õÄ~˘Ûx K≥Ü∞« ºO_ç.——24
21. JǨχ^£, Wɡfl =∂*Ï - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
22. JO>Ë 'Hõ„~°— Jx J~°÷O e™ê<£ JÖò J~°ÉòÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ LOk: „Ѩu ã¨#fl\˜ Hõ„~°#∞ B^£
JO\Ï~°∞. JO`ÕQÍHõ, K≥@∞ì Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ÖÏ=ÙQÍ, ã¨#flQÍ =Ù#fl Hõ„~°Åxfl\˜h ‰õÄ_® B^£
Jx Ñ≤Å∞™êÎ~°∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - ǨÏnã¨∞ ~Ô O_À Jaè„áêÜ«∂xH˜ J#∞‰õÄÅOQÍ =ÙOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Jaè„áêÜ«∞O`À ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ qâı¡+≤OK«_»O ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞.
23. `«„ÉÏh, |*Ï˚~ü, Wɡfl Jã¨û=∂H± ǨÏnã¨∞ „QÆO^äŒO - 2/67, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd. nx Ѩ~°OѨ~°
„áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#k. D q+¨Ü«∂xfl <Õ#∞ 'ã≤Öòã≤Å`«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏǨϗ - ǨÏnã¨∞
<≥O.323Ö’ q=iOKå#∞.
24. |*Ï˚~ü - 68, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, ã¨∞#<£ J|∞ÌÖò QÆh =∞Mòkã≤ - 2/82, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx
ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
„ѨÜ≥∂[#O: F_»Ö’ #=∂A#∞ QÆ∂iÛ# P[˝ÖË q=∂<åx‰õį_® =iΙêÎ~Ú. xÅ|_»
QÆey`Õ xÅ|_ç, ÖË^• ‰õÄ~˘Ûx ã¨O[˝Å ^•fi~å ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ KÕã¨∂Î WO`«‰õΩ=ÚO^Œ∞
q=iOK«|_ç#@∞¡ #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∂e.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

89

=Ü«∞ã¨∞ g∞^ŒÑ¨_ç =Úã¨e"å~°~Ú#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
`«#∞ #=∂A KÕ¿ã ™ê÷#OÖ’ XHõ ã¨OÎ ÉèÏxfl P^è•~°OQÍ KÕã∞¨ H˘x #=∂A PK«iOKÕ
"å~°∞.25

`«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ xÅ|_»@O, ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ~å„u ѨÓ@ KåÖÏ ¿ãѨ٠^•HÍ
xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. JÖψQ KåÖÏ ¿ãѨ\ ˜ ^•HÍ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
xÅ|_ç Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O KÕã≤#@¡~Ú`Õ ~°∞‰õÄ ‰õÄ_® xÅ|_ç =Ù#fl ã≤÷uÖ’<Õ
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. XHõ"Õà◊ ‰õÄ~˘Ûx Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O KÕã≤#@¡~Ú`Õ ~°∞‰õÄ ‰õÄ_®
‰õÄ~°∞Û#fl ã≤÷uÖ’<Õ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.26
''XHÀ¯™êi ‰õÄ~°∞Ûx #=∂*ò KÕ¿ãÎ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O ‰õÄ_® ‰õÄ~°∞Û<Õ
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. =ÚÃÑ·Êù, #ÅÉèˇ· PÜ«∞`«∞ŠѨ~î°#O q∞ye LO^Œ#QÍ PÜ«∞# ÖËz
xÅ|_Õ"å~°∞. xOK«∞#fl ã≤÷uÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. P `«~åfi`«
~°∞‰õÄ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞, `«^Œ∞Ѩi ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ‰õÄ_® ~ÚÖψQ
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.——27
''=Úã¨e"åÔ~#· `«~åfi`« rq`«ÑÙ¨ JOu=∞ ^ŒâÖ◊ ’ #ѶÖ≤ ò #=∂AÅ∞ ‰õÄ~°∞Ûx
KÕâß~°∞. Wk PÜ«∞# =∞~°}ÏxH˜ XHõ ÜÕ∞_»∞ =ÚO^Œ\ ˜ q+¨Ü«∞O.——28
WOHÍ PÜ«∞# ''Ô~O_»∞ HÍà◊§#∞ Jaè=ÚY kâ◊ÅÖ’ Ѩ~°z (Éè’[#
ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ „Ѩ[Å∞ ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ q^èŒOQÍ) ‰õÄ~°∞Û<Õ"å~°∞.——29

|∂@∞¡ ^èŒiOz #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ HÍà◊§‰õΩ K≥ѨÙÊÖËg
ÖˉõΩO_® É’ã≤ áê^•Å`À, =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ |∂@∞¡ ^èŒiOz =∞s #=∂A HÀã¨O
xÅ|_Õ"å~°∞.30 `«# J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂*ÏxH˜ nx QÆ∞iOz J#∞=∞uxã¨∂Î PÜ«∞#
25. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ . nxx ǨH˜"£∞, [ǨÏc ~Ú~°∞=Ù~°∂ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
nx `«„v*ò#∞ <Õ#∞ Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏǨ - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.319 =∞iÜ«Ú W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O 383#O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.
26. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£ 27. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. 28. =Úã≤¡O, JǨχ^£
29. #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ - ã¨Ç‘Ï (1/107/2), J|∞ÌÖò QÆh =∞Mòkã≤ - ã¨∞#<£ (1/80),
ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
30 J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï. D ǨÏnã¨∞ =Ú`«"åu~ü HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok#k. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl
W=∂"£∞ `«Ç¨g ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞.

90

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: ''#=∂*ò KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞ |∂@∞¡ ^èŒiOz ÖË^• "å\˜x q_çKÕã≤ Ô~O_»∞
HÍà◊¡ =∞^茺# ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ"åe. J~Ú`Õ "å\˜ ^•fi~å W`«~°∞Å#∞ W|ƒOkH˜ QÆ∞i
KÕÜ«∞~å^Œ∞.31
H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡#~Ú`Õ PÜ«∞# |∂@∞¡ ^èiŒ Oz #=∂A KÕÜ∞« =∞x `åH©^∞Œ
KÕâß~°∞. ''Ü«¸^Œ∞Å∞ |∂@∞¡QÍx, "Õ∞*’à◊√¡QÍx ^èŒiOz #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞~°∞. Hõ#∞Hõ
g∞~°∞ "åiH˜ aè#flOQÍ =º=ǨÏiOK«O_ç.——32
H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ PÜ«∞# #=∂A ã≤÷uÖ’<Õ áê^•Å #∞Oz |∂@∞¡
q_çKÕâß~°∞. J~Ú<å #=∂A ã≤÷uÖ’<Õ H˘#™êQÍ~°∞. J|∂ ã¨~¸^£ Y∞„n
(~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) K≥Ñ≤Ê# ^•x |\˜ì (=∞#‰õΩ D q+¨Ü«∞O É’^èŒÑ¨_»∞`«∞Ok.
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:)
''XHõ ~ÀA ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =∂‰õΩ #=∂A
KÕ~Úã¨∞<Î åfl~°∞. H˘OK≥O #=∂A J~ÚáÈ~Ú# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# |∂@∞¡ fã≤ Z_»=∞
„ѨHõ¯# LOKå~°∞. PÜ«∞# JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞@O K«∂ã≤ [#O ‰õÄ_® `«=∞ |∂@∞¡
q_çKå~°∞. #=∂A =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞#, ''g∞Ô~O^Œ∞‰õΩ |∂@∞¡ q_çKÕâß~°∞?——
Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. ''g∞~°∞ `«=∞ |∂@∞¡ q_»=@O K«∂ã≤ "Õ∞=Ú ‰õÄ_® |∂@∞¡
q_çKÕâß=∞O_ô—— Jx q#flqOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞ [#O. JO^Œ∞‰õΩ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) "åi`À WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: l„|~¸Öò =zÛ "å\˜H˜ =∂e#ºO
JO\˜ LO^Œx K≥áêÊ~°∞. JO^Œ∞Hõx <Õ#∞ "å\˜x q_çKâÕ ß#∞. Hõ#∞Hõ g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~<· å
=∞ã≤˚^£‰õΩ =¿ãÎ J`«#∞ `«# |∂@¡#∞ ѨijeOK«∞HÀ"åe. "å\˜H˜ =∂e#ºO JO\˜
LO>Ë "å\˜x `«∞_»∞K«∞HÀ"åe. (P `«~°∞"å`Õ) "å\˜ g∞^Œ #=∂A KÕÜ«∂e.——33
^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ(Î ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) |∂@∞¡ q_çz#ѨÙÊ_»∞ "å\˜x Z_»=∞
„ѨHõ¯# ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞.34 WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞: ''g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å #=∂*ò KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞
J`«#∞ `«# |∂@∞¡ ‰õΩ_ç "≥·Ñ¨ÙQÍx Z_»=∞ "≥·Ñ¨ÙQÍx ÃÑ@ì‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
Jk W`«~°∞ʼnõΩ ‰õΩ_ç "≥·Ñ¨ÙQÍ =∂~°=K«∞Û. =∞i Z_»=∞"≥·Ñ¨Ù Z=~°∂ ÖËHõáÈ`Õ Ñ¶¨~åfi
ÖË^Œ∞. Jã¨Å∞ "å\˜x `«# Ô~O_»∞HÍà◊¡ =∞^茺# ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=@O WOHÍ =∞Ozk.——35
31,32. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ["åÜ≥∞^£ |*Ï˚~ü - 53† ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞,
[ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
33,35. J|∂^•=Ó^£, WɡflY∞*ˇ·=∂, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
[ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
34. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/110/2) - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

91

"ÕkHõ (q∞O|~ü)ÃÑ·# PÜ«∞# #=∂A KÕÜ«∞@O
XHõ™êi ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) q∞O|~üÃÑ·# #=∂*ò
KÕâß~°∞.(P q∞O|~ü‰Ωõ =¸_»∞ "≥∞@∞¡36 HõÅ=x =∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ LOk). PÜ«∞#
q∞O|~üÃÑ· xÅ|_ç ''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— J<åfl~°∞. PÜ«∞# "≥#∞Hõ [#O ‰õÄ_®
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— J<åfl~°∞. JѨÙÊ_®Ü«∞# q∞O|~ü g∞^Œ<Õ L<åfl~°∞. (q∞O|~ü
ÃÑ·<Õ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕâß~°∞). `«~åfi`« ~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz ÖËz q∞O|~ü #∞Oz „H˜OkH˜ kQÍ~°∞.
H˘kÌQÍ "≥#H˜¯ =zÛ ã¨*ÏÌKÕâß~°∞. P `«~åfi`« =∞m¡ `«# ѨÓ~°fi™ê÷#OÖ’H˜ (JO>Ë
q∞O|~üÃÑH· )˜ =KÕÛâß~°∞. (`«~åfi`« "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ KÕã#≤ @∞¡QÍ<Õ D ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂
KÕâß~°∞). #=∂A =ÚyOK«∞‰õΩ#fl `«~åfi`« [#O "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
„Ѩ[ÖÏ~å! g∞~°∞ ##∞fl J#∞ã¨iOKåÅh, <å #=∂A Ѩ^uúŒ x g∞~°∞ <Õ~∞° ÛHÀ"åÅx
<Õ#∞ D q^èŒOQÍ KÕâß#∞.——37

ã¨∞„`å =∞iÜ«Ú, ^•xfl áê\˜OK«@O qkè J#fl q+¨Ü«∞O QÆ∞iOz
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∞„`å‰õΩ ZO`« ^ŒQÆæ~°QÍ xÅ|_Õ
"å~°O>Ë PÜ«∞#‰õΩ–QÀ_» (ã¨∞„`å)‰õΩ =∞^茺 =¸_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å ^Œ∂~°O =∂„`«"Õ∞
LO_Õk.38 PÜ«∞# ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã KÀ\˜H˜ – QÀ_» (ã¨∞„`å)‰õΩ =∞^茺 XHõ "Õ∞Hõ ^Œ∂i
áÈÜÕ∞O`« ã¨÷ÅO =∂„`«O LO_Õk.39
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ „ѨɒkèOKÕ"å~°∞: g∞~°∞ ã¨∞„`å ÖˉõΩO_® #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞HõO_ç.
36. ã¨∞#fl`ü Uq∞@O>Ë - q∞O|~ü =¸_»∞ "≥∞@∞¡ Hõey =ÙO_®e. ^•xHõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯= Hõey
=ÙO_»‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. =¸_»∞ Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯= "≥∞@∞¡ Hõey =ÙO_»_»O J<Õk |h L=∞Ü«∂º
HÍÅO <å\˜ #∂`«<åKå~°O (a^£J`ü). ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ ~Úk "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ѨOH˜Îx
P@OHõѨ~°∞ã¨∞ÎOk. WHõ n#∞flO_ç |Ü«∞@Ѩ_»_®xH˜, "ÕkHõ#∞ =∞ã≤˚^£ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ѩ_»=∞\˜
kâ◊ =¸ÅÖ’ ÖËHõ q∞„ǨÉòÖ’ `«Ü«∂~°∞ KÕÜ«∞_»O =∞~À a^£J`ü. JÖψQ ^ŒH˜∆} kâ◊
QÀ_»Ö’ QͺÅsÖÏQÍ, nxx Z`«∞ÎQÍ `«Ü«∂~°∞KÕã≤, JHõ¯_çH˜ KÕ~°_®xH˜ QÀ_»<å#∞H˘x
=Ù#fl "≥∞@¡ ã¨Ç¨ Ü«∞O fã¨∞HÀ=_»O ‰õÄ_® a^£J`ü! "åã¨"Î åxH˜ JxflO\˜H<õ åfl L`«=Î ∞"≥∞#ÿ
Ѩ^Œúu ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)Ѩ^Œúu.
37. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. Ô~O_»= LÖË¡Y#O =Úã≤¡Ok. Wɡfl ™ê^£ - 1/253. W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò
- ǨÏnã¨∞<≥O. 545 #O^Œ∞ nx `«„v*ò KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
38. |∞MÏs, JǨχ^£
39. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O

92

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

g∞ =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz Z=sfl #_»z "≥à§◊ x=fiHõO_ç. XHõ"àÕ ◊ J`«#∞ JO^Œ∞‰õΩ XѨÙÊHÀHõ
áÈ`Õ J`«x`À `«ÅѨ_»O_ç. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë J`«x`Àáê@∞ Ã+·`å<£ LO\Ï_»∞.40
PÜ«∞# WOHÍ WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: ''g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å (Z^Œ∞@) ã¨∞„`å
ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩx #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î#fl@¡~Ú`Õ J`«#∞ ^•xH˜ ^ŒQÆæ~°QÍ LO_®e. Ã+·`å<£ `«#
#=∂A#∞ K≥_»Q˘@ì‰õΩO_® LO_®ÅO>Ë J`«#∞ JÖÏ K≥Ü«∂ºe =∞i!——41
H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# `«# =∞ã≤˚^Œ∞Ö’x ã¨ÎOÉèíO ^ŒQÆæ~° #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞\ÏxH˜
„Ѩܫ∞uflOKÕ"å~°∞.42
J_»∞¤ (ã¨∞„`å)QÍ U =ã¨∞Î=Ó ÖË#@=O\˜ qâßÅ "≥∞ÿ^•#OÖ’ #=∂*ò
KÕÜ«∂Å#∞‰õΩ#flѨÙÊ_»ÖÏ¡ PÜ«∞# `«# Z^Œ∞@ XHõ |iÃã#∞ áê`«∞‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞. ^•x
"≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. PÜ«∞# "≥#∞Hõ [#O ÉÏ~°∞Å∞ fˆ~"å~°∞.43 JѨÙÊ
_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂ `«# P_» XO>ˇ#∞ Z^Œ∞@ J_»¤OQÍ xÅɡ\ ˜ì ^•x "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy #=∂*ò
40. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/93/1) - =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
41. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ["åÜ≥∞^£ |*Ï˚~ü - 54 ¿Ñr, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc, #=g nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
42. <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - W=∂"£∞ J~Ú<å, XO@iQÍ #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å,
XHõ"Õà◊ =∞ã≤˚^£ Ѩi=∂}O ÃÑ^ŒÌ^≥·#ѨÊ\˜H©, JO^ŒiHÀã¨O 'ã¨∞„`å— `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i. Wɡfl
Ǩh `«# „QÆO^äOŒ '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£—-1/66 #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:J|∂
J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ JO>Ë W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ F ~ÀA ##∞fl, ã¨∞„`å ÖˉõΩO_® #=∂A KÕÜ«∞_»O
K«∂ã≤ '^Õx#~Ú<å ã¨∞„`åQÍ LѨÜ≥∂yOK«∞HÀ— Jx LѨ^ÕtOKå~°∞. `«^Œ∞Ѩi <Õ#∞
XHõ =ºH˜Îx ã¨∞„`åQÍ LѨÜ≥∂yOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ `«# =∂@Å ^•fi~å-=∞ã≤˚^£ Ѩi=∂}O
ÃÑ^ŒÌ^≥·<å, z#fl^≥·<å - ã¨∞„`å LѨÜ≥∂yOK«_»OÖ’ =º`åºã¨O K«∂Ѩ‰õÄ_»^Œ∞ J#fl
q+¨Ü«∞O ã¨∂zOKå~°∞. W^Õ ã¨`«ºO ‰õÄ_®#∞.
<Õ#∞ ã¨O^Œi≈Oz# ^ÕâßÅÖ’ QÆ=∞xOzO^Õq∞@O>Ë - ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ #=∂rÅ∞ "å~°∞ W=∂=ÚÖˇ<· å ÖË^• ™ê^è•~°} =º‰õΩÖÎ <·ˇ å, ã¨∞„`å q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ `«y# „â◊^úŒ =Ç≤ÏOK«_O»
ÖË^Œ∞. D ^ÕâßÖ’¡ ™œk Jˆ~aÜ«∂ ‰õÄ_® KÕi LOk. JHõ¯_çH˜ <Õ#∞ 1410 Ç≤Ï. ~°[Éò
=∂ã¨OÖ’ "≥àÏ¡#∞.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ , LÅ=∂ÅÃÑ· =Ù#fl ÉÏ^躌 `« Uq∞@O>Ë - "å~°∞ D q+¨Ü∞« O QÆ∞iOz „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ
ÃÇÏK«ÛiOKåe =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨∞„`å‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# Jxfl q=~åÅ#∞ "åiH˜ `≥eÜ«∞*ËÜ∂« e.
ã¨∞„`å P[˝Å q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ =∞ã≤^˚ ≥ ǨÏ~åO =∞iÜ«Ú =∞ã≤^˚ ≥ #|q ‰õÄ_® KÕi =Ù<åflÜ«∞#fl
q+¨Ü«∞O "åiH˜ É’^èŒÑ¨~°Kåe.
43. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl =∂*Ï

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

93

KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.44 D q^èŒOQÍ #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@O J<Õk XO>ˇÅ H˘@ìOÖ’ #=∂*ò
KÕÜ«∞@O =O\˜k HÍ^Œ∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë PÜ«∞# Jã¨Å∞ ''P „Ѩ^Õâ◊OÖ’ #=∂*ò
KÕÜ∞« \Ï<Õfl "åiOKå~°∞.——45 H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# XO>ˇ JOÉÏs x\Ï~°∞QÍ xÅɡ\ ì˜
^•x "≥#∞Hõ ÉèÏQÍxfl J_»¤OQÍ LOz #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å~°∞46 =∞iÜ«Ú WÖÏ
JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞:
''g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å `«#
47
Z^Œ∞@ XO>ˇ JOÉÏs "≥#∞Hõ ÉèÏQÆѨ٠Hõ„~° =O\˜k U^Œ~Ú<å ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x #=∂*ò
KÕã¨∞Î#fl@¡~Ú`Õ P Hõ„~°‰õΩ P=Å #∞Oz U =ã¨∞Î=Ù #_çz "≥o§<å WHõ ^•xfl
J`«#∞ Ѩ\ ˜ìOK«∞HÀ"åeû# J=ã¨~°O ÖË^Œ∞.48
XHõ™êi PÜ«∞# XHõ K≥@∞ì "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy #=∂*ò KÕâß~°∞. (JO>Ë P K≥@∞ìx
ã¨∞„`åQÍ ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x #=∂*ò KÕâß~°∞.)49 H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# =∞OKåxH˜ Z^Œ∞~°∞QÍ
xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ PÜ≥∞ëê (~°lJÖϡǨï J#›) =∞OK«O
g∞^Œ `«# ^Œ∞ѨÊ\’¡ Ѩ_»∞H˘x LO_Õ"å~°∞.50
`«#‰õÄ – `«# ã¨∞„`å‰õΩ =∞^茺 #∞Oz U =ã¨∞Î=Ùh "≥à◊§xKÕÛ"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ). XHõ™êi U=∞~ÚO^ŒO>Ë, PÜ«∞# #=∂*ò
KÕã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞. JѨÙÊ_Õ XHõ "Õ∞Hõ Ѩ~°∞ÔQ`«∞ΉõΩO@∂ =zÛ PÜ«∞# =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz
"≥à◊§É’~ÚOk. HÍx PÜ«∞# ‰õÄ_® `˘O^Œ~°QÍ =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩáÈ~Ú51 L^Œ~°ÉèÏQÆO`À
QÀ_»‰õΩ P#∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. ^•O`À P "Õ∞Hõ Ñ≤Å¡ PÜ«∞# "≥#∞Hõ #∞Oz ^•\˜
"≥o§áÈ~ÚOk.52
XHõ™êi PÜ«∞# Ѷ~¨ ˚ü #=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl~°∞. (#=∂*òÖ’<Õ) Ñ≤_Hç e˜ ayOKå~°∞.
#=∂*ò =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« „Ѩ[Å∞ ''^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! #=∂AÖ’ U^≥·<å H˘`«Î q+¨Ü«∞O
44,45. |∞MÏs, JǨχ^£
46. =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ - 2/92, JǨχ^£
47. JOÉÏs "≥#∞HõÉèÏQÆOÖ’ =ÙO_Õ Hõ„~°#∞ '"≥∂d~å— JO\Ï~°∞.
48. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£
49. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
50. |∞MÏs,=Úã≤¡O, J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ - 3/107 - `«ã‘fi~ü JÖò =∞HõÎ|`«∞Öò W™ê¡g∞
51. ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ '™ê PǨ— J#fl Ѩ^OŒ =zÛOk. JO>Ë 'W`«~∞° Å#∞ q∞OzáÈ=_»O— J#fl=∂@.
52. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/95/1), `«„ÉÏh (3/140/3), ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.

94

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

[iyO^•?—— Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# ''H˘`«Î q+¨Ü∞« O Ug∞ ÖË^∞Œ QÍx Ã+`· å<£
<å =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz ^•\˜ "≥à◊§É’Ü«∂_»∞. ^•O`À <Õ#∞ "å_ç Q˘O`«∞ Ñ≤ã≤HÍ#∞.
JѨÙÊ_»∞ <å KÕuH˜ "å_ç <åÅ∞Hõ K«Å¡^Œ#O ‰õÄ_® `«yeOk. ^≥·=O™êH˜∆! <å
™È^Œ~°∞_»∞ ã¨∞Öˇ·=∂<£ <å HõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ „áê~°÷# KÕã≤ LO_»HõáÈ`Õ P Ã+·`å#∞
=∞ã≤^˚ Ö£ ’x U^À XHõ ã¨OÎ ÉèÏxH˜ Hõ@|ì _ç LO_Õ"å_»∞. =∞n<å #QÆ~° Ñ≤ÅÅ¡ ∞ ã¨~Ú`«O
"å}˜‚ K«∂ã¨∞O_Õ"å~°∞. (Hõ#∞Hõ <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊk U=∞O>Ë) `«#‰õÄ–dÉÏ¡‰õΩ =∞^茺
#∞Oz Z=sfl "≥à◊§‰õΩO_® PѨQÆeˆQ gÅ∞#fl"å_»∞ `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® JÖÏ KÕÜ«∂e.53
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ"å~°∞: g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å U^≥·<å =ã¨∞Î=Ù#∞ J_»∞¤QÍ
ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î#flѨÊ\˜H© WOÔH=Ô~·<å J`«x =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz "≥à◊§ QÀi`Õ
"å}˜‚ Q˘O`«∞Ѩ@∞ìH˘x "≥#H˜¯ <≥\Ïìe. gÖˇ·#O`« =~°‰õΩ "å}˜‚ PѨ\ÏxH˜ „Ѩܫ∞`«flO
KÕÜ∂« e. (=∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ~Ô O_À™êi ‰õÄ_® "å}˜‚ Páêe Jx LOk.) JѨÊ\˜H©
"å_»∞ q#HõáÈ`Õ WHõ "å_ç`À `«ÅѨ_®e. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë "å_»∞ Ã+·`å#∞.54
PÜ«∞# WOHÍ WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: #=∂A KÕã∞¨ #Î fl =ºH˜Î =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz
"≥à◊§@O ZO`« áêѨ"≥∂ `≥e¿ãÎ P =ºH˜Î #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î#fl "åx =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz
53. JǨχ^£, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, `«„ÉÏh - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
D J~å÷xfl ã¨∞ÊùiOKÕ LÖË¡Y<åÅ∞ |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡OÅÖ’ =Ù<åfl~Ú. JO`ÕHÍHõ, ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ
XHõ ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO ^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® D J~°÷O`À ‰õÄ_»∞‰õΩ#fl LÖË¡Y<åÅ∞ W`«~° „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡
=KåÛ~Ú.
MÏkÜ«∂hÅ∞ u~°ã¨¯iOKÕ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ÅÖ’ W^˘Hõ\ ˜. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Y∞~å#∞, ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’
q=iOK«|_»_»¤ l#∞flÅ Ö’HÍxfl "å~°∞ qâ◊fiã≤OK«~°∞. +¨sÜ«∞`«∞ÎÖ’x ã¨Ê+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# P^è•~å
Å#∞ "å~°∞ u~°ã¨¯iOK«_»O J<Õk Z=iH© `≥eÜ«∞x q+¨Ü«∞O HÍ^Œ∞. XHõ"Õà◊ P^è•~°O
Y∞~üP<£Ö’ =ÙO>Ë - "å~°∞ ^•x J~å÷<Õfl =∂ˆ~Û™êÎ~°∞. L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ :
F „Ѩ=HÍÎ! l<åfl`«∞Å ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO XHõ\ ˜ „â◊^ŒúQÍ qx, P
`«~åfi`« ...... (l<£fl : 1) PÜ«∞`üÖ’ 'l<£fl—#∞ =∂#= l<£flQÍ `«ÅáÈ™êÎ~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
'l<£fl— Ѩ^•xfl =∂#==∂„`«∞Å∞QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕ™êÎ~°∞.
~ÚÖÏ, D q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ "å~°∞ xѶ¨∞O@∞=Ù =∞iÜ«Ú +¨iÜ«∞`«∞ÎÅ #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°O "≥o§
áÈÜ«∂~°∞. XHõ"Õà◊ P^è•~åÅ∞ QÆ#Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’¡ LO>Ë-gÅ~Ú`Õ "å\˜ Jã¨Å∞ J~å÷<Õfl
=∂ˆ~Û™êÎ~∞° ÖË^• Ju `ÕeHõQÍ "å\˜x Jã¨`º« =∞x Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. WÖÏ, ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`ÅΫ ∞,
"åi "≥#∞Hõ "≥Ú`«ÎO J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂[O "å\˜ „áê=∂}˜Hõ`«ÃÑ· UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O Hõey
=Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© g~°∞ "å\˜x u~°ã¨¯i™êÎ~°∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "åiH˜ ã¨<å‡~°æO „Ѩ™êkOK«∞QÍHõ!
54. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

95

"≥à◊¡@O HõO>Ë #ÅÉèˇ· =~°‰õΩ JHõ¯_Õ Z^Œ∞~°∞K«∂ã¨∂Î LO_çáÈ=@O `«# H˘~°‰õΩ
„âıÜ«∞㨯~°O J#∞‰õΩO\Ï_»∞.(ǨÏnã¨∞ LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ∞ J|∂ #„^£ Hõ^äŒ#O: #ÅÉèˇ· JO>Ë
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ ~ÀAÅ∞, <≥ÅÅ∞, ã¨O=`«û~åÅÖ’ ^Õxx ÃãÅqKåÛ~À <å‰õΩ QÆ∞~°∞ÖÎ ^Ë ∞Œ .
- J#∞"å^Œ‰õΩÅ∞)55

#=∂A#∞ ÉèíOQÆѨiKÕ q+¨Ü«∂Å∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: (#=∂*ò
KÕ¿ã) =ºH˜Î =ÚO^Œ∞ XO>ˇ JOÉÏs "≥#∞Hõ ÉèÏQÆѨ٠Hõ„~° ÖÏO\˜k Un
ÖËHáõ È~Ú#@¡~Ú`Õ - =Ü≥∂[#∞~åÖˇ#· „ã‘,Î QÍ_ç^,Œ #Å¡‰Ωõ Hõ¯(D =¸_»∞ q+¨Ü∂« Å∞)
J`«x #=∂A#∞ ÉèíOQÆѨ~°∞™êÎ~Ú.56
J|∂[„~ü yá¶ês (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) Hõ^#Œä O: ''#Å¡ ‰õΩHõ¯‰õÄ–Z„~° ‰õΩHõ¯‰õÄ
ÉèË^ŒO Uq∞\˜ F ^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ?—— Jx <Õ#∞ J_çQÍ#∞. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# ''#Å¡‰õΩHõ¯
Ã+·`å#∞—— Jx ã¨=∂^è•# q∞KåÛ~°∞.57

ã¨=∂kèH˜ Z^Œ∞~°∞QÍ xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞@O
ã¨=∂kèH˜ Z^Œ∞~°∞QÍ xÅ|_ç #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞\Ïxfl "åiã¨∂Î ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ''ã¨=∂kè"≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞HõO_ç. ^•x g∞^Œ
‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@=¸ KÕÜ«∞HõO_ç—— Jx „ѨɒkèOKÕ"å~°∞.58

ã¨OHõÅÊO (xÜ«∞º`ü)59
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) WÖÏ „Ѩɒkèã∞¨ OÎ _Õ"å~°∞: PK«~}° Å∞
55.
56.

|∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. D LÖË¡Y#O Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/94/1)Ö’ =ÙOk.
~ÚHõ '#=∂A <≥~"° ‰Õ Ωõ O_® U q+¨Ü∞« =¸ J_»∞Ѥ _¨ ^» ∞Œ — J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ã,Î
Jk '|ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞—. nx q=~åÅ#∞ <Õ#∞ '`«=∂=ÚÖò q∞#fl— - 306 ¿Ñr
=∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÖ’¡ q=iOKå#∞.
57,58. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/95/2). q=~åÅ HÀã¨O <å ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ∞ `«ÇπÏr~°∞Öò ™êl^£ q∞#`«ÎMÏ
AÖò Y∞|∂~ü =∞™êl^£ =∞iÜ«Ú JÇπÏHÍ=ÚÖò [<åÜ≥∞*ò = a^£P—Å#∞ K«∂_»QÅÆ ~°∞.
59. W=∂"£∞ #=g-'~À[`«∞Öò `åec<£— (1/224) #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞ : L^ÕâÌ ßxfl
ã¨OHõÅÊO JO\Ï~°∞. JO^Œ∞ˆH #=∂A K«k"Õ =ºH˜Î `«# #=∂A =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x
ã¨fiÉèÏ"åxfl ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ LOK«∞HÀ"åe. JO>Ë-Wk AǨÏ~ü #=∂A Jh, =∞iÜ«Ú Wk
Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂A Jx. J*Ï<£ `«~åfi`« `«H©ƒˆ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ ѨeˆH@ѨÙÊ_»∞ D q+¨Ü«∂Å#∞
QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ (=∞#ã¨∞Ö’) ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞HÀ"åe.

96

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã¨OHõÅÊO g∞^Œ P^è•~°Ñ¨_ç LO\Ï~Ú. „Ѩu =∞x+≤H˜ J`«x ã¨OHõÖÏÊxfl |>Ëì
Ѷ¨e`«O ^Œ‰õΩ¯`«∞Ok.60

`«H©ƒÔ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂
`«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
''JÖϡǨï
61
JHõƒ~ü—— Jx ѨeH˜ #=∂*ò "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞. nx QÆ∞iOz PÜ«∞#
''#=∂A#∞ 'ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——H˜ P*Ï˝Ñ≤OKå~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O =ÚO^Œ∞
‰õÄ_® „Ѩ™êÎ=#‰õΩ =zÛOk. PÜ«∞# J`«xfl L^ÕÌtOz
''U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å ÉÏQÍ =ÙE KÕã≤
P `«~åfi`«
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx ѨÅHõHõáÈ`Õ J`«x U #=∂E
ѨÓ~°Î=^Œ∞—— Jx q=iOKå~°∞.62
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞. #=∂A‰õΩ `åà◊O K≥q =ÙE. ^•x xq∞`«OÎ
(W`«~° q+¨Ü«∂Å#∞) x+≤^Œú ѨiKÕk63 (`«„Ç‘Ï=∂) `«H©ƒ~ü (JO>Ë JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü
60. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. nx `«„v*ò 'W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò— - ǨÏnãπ <≥O.22 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
61. =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl=∂*Ï.
D ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’- '^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«# <À\˜`À - Wxfl ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞
#=∂A KÕÜ«∞ ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞ Jx ѨeˆH "å~°∞ HÍ~°∞— J#fl q+¨Ü«∞O
`≥eÜ«∞*ËÜ«∞|_»∞`ÀOk.
JO^Œ∞ˆH ~ÚÖÏ Ñ¨ÅHõ_»O J<Õk xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ a^£J`ü. WHõ, Wk =∞Oz a^£J`å
ÖËHõ K≥_»∞ a^£J`å? J#fl q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ ÉË^è•aè„áêÜ«∞O LOk. HÍh, "Õ∞=Ú
K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - „Ѩu a^£J`ü ‰õÄ_® =∂~°æ„Éèí+¨ª`Õ. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - '„Ѩu a^£J`ü
=∂~°æ„Éèí+¨ì`Õ =∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩu =∂~°æ„Éèí+¨ì`« #~°HÍxH˜ fã¨∞ÔHà◊√`«∞Ok— J#fl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) „Ѩ=K«#O ã¨~°fi™ê^è•~°}"≥∞ÿ#k.
nx QÆ∞iOz =∞iO`« q=~°OQÍ K«iÛOK«_®xH˜ ~ÚHõ¯_» J=HÍâ◊O ÖË^Œ∞.
62. `«„ÉÏh - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
63. JO>Ë - #=∂AÖ’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ x+≤^ŒúO KÕã≤# q+¨Ü«∂ÅxflO\˜h x+≤^ŒúO KÕÜ«∞_»O.
'`«ÇπÏbÅǨ— JO>Ë #=∂*ò `«~åfi`« JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ç¨ÏÖÏÖò (^èŒ~°‡Ü«ÚHõÎO)
JÖψQ
KÕã≤# q+¨Ü«∂ÅxflO\˜h ǨÏÖÏÖò KÕÜ«∞_»O. `«„Ç‘Ï"£∞, `«ÇπÏbÖò JO>Ë - x+≤^ŒúO,
^èŒ~°‡Ü«ÚHõÎO KÕ¿ã q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ Jx J~°÷O.
ǨÏnã¨∞ `≥eÜ«∞*Ë¿ã q+¨Ü«∂ÖËq∞@O>Ë - #=∂A ^•fi~°O =¸Ü«∞|_ç =ÙOk. nxx
=∞x+≤ =ÙE`À `«Ñ¨Ê `≥~°=ÖË_»∞. JO`ÕHÍHõ JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü`À H͉õΩO_® =∞~À
ã¨ÖÏ"£∞`À HÍHõ =∞ˆ~ q+¨Ü∞« O`À
ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`À `«Hƒ© ~ˆ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ =∞iÜ«Ú
‰õÄ_® J`«#∞ ^•x#∞O_ç |Ü«∞@‰õΩ ~åÖË_»∞. "≥∞*Ïi\© LÅ=∂Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞O W^Õ.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

97

Jx ѨÅHõ@O). WOHÍ
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·‰õΩ"£∞ = ~°Ç¨Ï‡
`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ — J#fl =∂@ ^•fi~å<Õ #=∂A #∞Oz |Ü«∞@‰õΩ ~å=_»O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok.64
PÜ«∞# `«# "≥#∞Hõ L#fl „Ѩ[ÅO^ŒiH© q#Ѩ_ÕÖÏ aQÆæ~°QÍ
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx ѨeˆH"å~°∞.65
PÜ«∞# "åºkè„QÆã¨∞ÎÖˇ·#ѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞# `«H©ƒ~ü#∞ (JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü J#fl
PÜ«∞# ѨÅ∞‰õΩ#∞) „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ qxÑ≤OK«@O HÀã¨O J|∂ |„H± (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›)
aQÆæ~°QÍ (nxx) ѨeHÍ~°∞.66
(g∞‰õΩ #=∂A KÕ~ÚOKÕ) W=∂=Ú
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx
ѨeH˜#ѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_®
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü'' Jx ѨÅHõO_ç Jx
67
PÜ«∞# „Ѩɒkèã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.

KÕ`«∞Å∞ Ô~O_»∞ ÃÑ·ÔH`«Î@O (~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£)
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )
''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü——
68
Jx K≥|∞`«∂ KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÃÑ·ÔH`ÕÎ"å~°∞. H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx
69
70
K≥Ñ≤Ê# `«~åfi`«, =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ JO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÃÑ·ÔH`ÕÎ"å~°∞. „"Õà◊√§
xÅ∞=ÙQÍ ÃÑ\˜ì ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. „"Õà◊√¡ =∞s qâßÅOQÍ#∂ H͉õΩO_®,
XHõ^•xH˘Hõ\ ˜ =∞s HõeÑ≤ ‰õÄ_® LOK«‰õΩO_® ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.71 KÕ`«∞efl
Éè∞í *ÏʼnõΩ ã¨=∂#OQÍ,72 =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ K≥q `«"∞≥ ‡Å‰õΩ ã¨=∂#OQÍ ÃÑHÔ· `Õ"Î å~°∞.73
64. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡l, ǨH˜"£∞-`«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_®
nx`À UH©Éqíè OKå~°∞. nx `«„v*ò W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnãπ<O≥ .301 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ∞« |_çOk.
65. JǨχ^£, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
66. =Úã≤¡O, #™ê~Ú.
67. JǨχ^£, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
68,69. |∞MÏs, #™ê~Ú
70. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£
71. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/62/2, 64/1), `«=∂‡"£∞, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ D
ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
72. |∞MÏs, #™ê~Ú
73. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£

98

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

‰õΩ_ç KÕ~Ú Z_»=∞ KÕ~Ú g∞^Œ Ñà @ì@O, JÖÏ Ñà @ì=∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ K«@O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# ‰õΩ_çK≥~Úº Z_»=∞ KÕu g∞^Œ
ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞.74 ''LѨ"å㨠q~°=∞} (WѶπ`å~ü) `«fi~°QÍ KÕÜ«∂Åh, LѨ"åã¨O
xq∞`«ÎO LëÈ^ŒÜ«∞O ѨÓ@ u<Õ PǨ~°O (ã¨ÇπÏs) PÅ㨺OQÍ fã¨∞HÀ"åÅh,
#=∂AÖ’ ‰õΩ_ç KÕux Z_»=∞ KÕu g∞^Œ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ"åÅx =∂ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÅÎ ã¨=¸Ç¨
xH˜ P*Ï˝Ñ≤OK«|_çOk—— Jx PÜ«∞# K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ"å~°∞.75
XHõ™êi XHÍ<˘Hõ #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î#fl =ºH˜Î ^ŒQÆæ~°∞flOz PÜ«∞# "≥à◊§@O
[iyOk. J`«#∞ `«# ‰õΩ_çKuÕ g∞^Œ Z_»=∞ K≥~Úº ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x #=∂A KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl_»∞.
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) J`«x ‰õΩ_çKÕ~Ú |Ü«∞\˜H˜ ÖÏy Z_»=∞
KÕu g∞^Œ ÃÑ\Ïì~°∞.76

KÕ`«∞Å∞ Ô~O_»∂ Kèåf g∞^Œ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=@O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# ‰õΩ_ç KÕux Z_»=∞
J~°KÕu "≥#∞Hõ ÉèÏQÆO, =∞}˜Hõ@∞ì =∞iÜ«Ú "≥∂KÕu g∞^Œ ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞.77
JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ P*Ï˝Ñ≤OKå~°∞ ‰õÄ_®.78 H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡
PÜ«∞# Z_»=∞ KÕux ‰õΩ_çKÕ`ÀΠѨ@∞ìH˘x LO_Õ"å~°∞.79 Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞efl PÜ«∞#
74. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£, nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.352 #O^Œ∞
KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
75. Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£, lÜ«∂ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
76. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘ÏѨ~°OѨ~°`À
77. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/54/2) - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£
nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. q=~åÅ HÀã¨O '=Ú"åi^Œ∞Öò [=∂<£— - ǨÏnã¨∞
<≥O.485#∞ K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
78. =∂eH±, |∞MÏs, J|∂ J"å#
79. #™ê~Ú, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl-ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. D ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å `≥eã≤O^Õq∞@O>Ë#=∂AÖ’ KÕ`«∞Å∞ Ѩ@∞ìHÀ=_»O ã¨∞#fl`ü =∞iÜ«Ú "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ KÕ`«∞Å∞
ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=_»O QÆ∞iOz K≥Ñʨ |_çOk. D ~Ô O_»∞ Ѩ^`úŒ ∞« Å∞ ‰õÄ_® ã¨∞#fl`Õ. ~ÚHõ, `«~åfiu
HÍÅѨ٠H˘O^Œ~°∞ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ѨO_ç`«∞Å∞ Y~å~°∞ KÕã≤# 'KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÃÑ@∞ìH˘x ("å\˜x) Ѩ@∞ì
HÀ=_»O L`«=Î ∞O— J#fl q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ãÎ Jk a^£J`ü. "å~°∞ K≥¿ÑÊ ã¨fi~°∂Ѩ"∞Õ q∞@O>Ë
- ‰õΩ_ç KÕ~Úx Z_»=∞ KÕuÃÑ· ÃÑ\˜ì ÉÁ@# „"Õe`À, zxfl „"Õe`À Z_»=∞ KÕu =∞}˜H@õ ∞ì#∞
Ѩ@∞ìHÀ=_»O =∞iÜ«Ú q∞QÆ`å =¸_»∞ „"Õà◊§#∞ (Z_»=∞ KÕuÃÑ·) Ѩ~°z =ÙOK«_»O. D

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

99

`«# ~˘=Ú‡ g∞^Œ ÃÑ@∞ì‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞.80 #=∂AÖ’ ''WdΙê~ü—— (#_»∞O g∞^Œ KÕ`«∞Å∞
ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=@O)#∞ PÜ«∞# "åiOKÕ"å~°∞.81 PÜ«∞# "åiã¨∂Î LO_Õ ''ã¨ÖòÉò—— (tÅ∞=
"ÕÜ«∞_»"Õ∞) Jk.82

ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã KÀ@∞x K«∂ã¨∂Î LO_»@O, #=∂AÖ’ ÉèíH˜Î„â◊^ŒúÅ∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) #=∂*ò KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞ `«Å#∞ =Oz
q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ '^Œ∞„Ô~=ÚMÏÎ~ü Ñ‘iîHõ Wɡfl Pan<£ - 1/454— #O^Œ∞ q=iOK«|_çOk.
Hõ#∞Hõ, `«~åfiu HÍÅѨ٠H˘O^Œ~∞° ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ ѨO_ç`∞« Å D =∂@Å`À g∞~°∞ "≥∂ã¨áȉõÄ_»^∞Œ .
80. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/54/2), JǨχ^£ =∞iÜ«Ú J|∂ J¿+¬Mò ''`åsMò
Jãπ |Ǩ<£—— - 125 ¿ÑrÖ’ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ XHõ
Ѩ~O° Ѩ~#° ∞ ui‡l 'ǨÏã¨<—£ QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. W^Õ J~å÷xfl ã¨∞ÊùiOѨ*¿Ë ã XHõ LÖËY¡ #O
=ÚJ`åÎÖ’, HÍã¨Î xt`«OQÍ Ñ¨ije¿ãÎ ã¨Ç‘Ï |∞MÏsÖ’ ‰õÄ_® ÅÉèíº"≥∞ÿ LOk.
<Õ#∞ 'JÇπÏHÍ=ÚÖò [<åÜ≥∞*ò— - 118 ¿ÑrÖ’ D ǨÏnã¨∞ Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å QÆ∞iOz
ã¨q=~°OQÍ K«iÛOKå#∞.
<À\ò : KÕ`«∞Å#∞ KèåfÃÑ· ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=_»"Õ∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_çOk. nxH˜
q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =zÛ# LÖË¡Y<åÅ∞ |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#q ÖË^• "å\˜Ö’ Jã¨Å∞ "åã¨Î="Õ∞ ÖË^Œ∞.
D ã¨∞#fl`üÃÑ· W=∂"£∞ WãπÇ¨ Mò a<£ ~åǨÏqÜ«∞ PK«iOKå~°∞. nx q=~åÅ#∞ WãπÇ¨ Mò
a<£ =∞~°∂r =∞™êÜ«∞Öò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ = WãπǨMò a<£ ~åǨÏqÜ«∞-222 ¿ÑrÖ’
"≥Å¡_çã¨∂Î WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: WãπǨMò =∂‰õΩ q`«~ü K«kqOKÕ"å~°∞. Y∞#∂`üÖ’ `«#
Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ ÃÑ·ÔH`ÕÎ "å~°∞. Y∞#∂`ü ^Œ∞P#∞ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ«∞_®xH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞ ѨiîOKÕ
"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú `«# Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ KèåfÃÑ· ÖË^• ^•xH˜ H˘kÌQÍ „H˜O^Œ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.
WÖÏO\˜ q=~°}Ë MÏr JÜ«∂º*ò =∂eH© ~ÚzÛ =Ù<åfl~°∞. `«# ѨÙã¨ÎHõO 'JÖò WÖÏ"£∞,
3= Z_ç+¨<£, ~°ÉÏ`ü - 15= ¿ÑrÖ’ '=Úã¨ÎÇπÏ ÉÏ`«∞ã¨ûÖÏÇπÏ— QÆ∞iOz q=iã¨∂Î
~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: ‰õΩ_ç KÕux Z_»=∞ KÕuÃÑ· ÃÑ\˜ì "≥∞_» „H˜Ok ÉèÏQÆOÖ’ =ÙOKåe.
^•^•Ñ¨Ù WÖÏO\˜ q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ ‰õΩ=∂~°∞Å∞ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ `«# '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò
W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£— - 62= ¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: ''<Õ#∞ =∂ <å#fl QÍix
#=∂*ò KÕã∂¨ Î K«∂âß#∞. PÜ«∞# `«# ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« Å#∞ <åaè ÃÑÉ· Ïè QÆOÖ’ ÃÑ@∞ìH˘<Õ"å~°∞.——
=∞ixfl q=~åÅ HÀã¨O W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.353#∞ K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
81. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ - W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnãπ <≥O. 374 #O^Œ∞ nx `«„v*ò KÕÜ∞« |_çOk.
82. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞.

100

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

<ÕÅ "≥·Ñ¨Ù K«∂ã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.83 HÍÉÏ QÆ$ǨÏOÖ’H˜ „Ѩ"ÕtOz#ѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞#
JHõ¯}∞‚Oz "≥_»ÖËO`« =~°‰õÄ `«# ^Œ$+≤ìx ã¨*ÏÌ ™ê÷#O #∞Oz =∞~°ÅÛÖË^Œ∞.84
''#=∂A KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î UHÍ„QÆ`«#∞ áê_»∞KÕ¿ã =ã¨∞Î"Õn WO\’¡ LO_»‰õÄ_»^Œ∞—— Jx
PÜ«∞# J<åfl~°∞.85 (#=∂AÖ’) PHÍâ◊O ˆHã≤ K«∂_»~å^Œx PÜ«∞# K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ
"å~°∞.86 JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞\Ïxfl PÜ«∞# KåÖÏ QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ "åiOKå~°∞. ''„Ѩ[Å∞ #=∂AÖ’
PHÍâ◊OˆHã≤ K«∂_»\Ïxfl =∂#∞HÀ"åe. ÖËHõáÈ`Õ "åi K«∂ѨÙÅ∞ Z#fl\˜H© uiy
~å=Ù =∞i!—— Jx J<Õ"å~°∞. (=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ "åi K«∂ѨÙÅ∞ áÈ`å~Ú Jx
J<åfl~°x LOk).87
"Õ~˘Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ U=ÚO^ŒO>Ë, ''#=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ #Î flѨÙÊ_»∞ J@∂ W@∂ k‰õΩ¯Å∞
K«∂_»HõO_ç. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë #=∂AÖ’ ^•ã¨∞_»∞ `«#∞ Jaè=ÚY"≥∞ÿ L#fl kâ◊ #∞Oz
=∞~À "≥·Ñ¨Ù u~°QÆ#O`« =~°‰õÄ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J`«xH˜ Jaè=ÚY∞_≥· (J`«x "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy)
LO\Ï_»∞.——88 #=∂AÖ’ J@∂ W@∂ k‰õΩ¯Å∞ K«∂_»@O QÆ∞iOz É’kèã¨∂Î
PÜ«∞# ''XHõ ~°HOõ QÍ Wk ÖÏH˘¯x áêiáÈ=@O ÖÏO\˜k. Ã+`· å<£ ^•ã¨∞x #=∂A
Ö’#∞Oz (UHÍ„QÆ`«#∞) ÖÏH˘¯x áêiáÈ`å_»∞.—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.89
83,84 ɡ·Ç¨Ïd, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. PÜ«∞# x~åú~°}
ã¨Ô~·#^Õ.
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ 'Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü— LÖË¡dOz# Ѩk ã¨Ç¨ÉÏŠǨÏnã¨∞ (17/202/2)
^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® |ÅO KÕ‰õÄ~°∞`«∞Ok.
=∞ixfl q=~åÅ HÀã¨O 'W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò— - ǨÏnãπ <≥O.354#∞ K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
<À\ò : D Ô~O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å `≥eã≤O^Õq∞@O>Ë - #=∂AÖ’ ^Œ$+≤ìx <ÕÅÃÑ·
ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã ã¨÷ÅOÖ’ ÃÑ@ì_»O ã¨∞#fl`ü. ~ÚHõ H˘O`«=∞Ok KÕ¿ã - #=∂AÖ’ Hõà◊√§
=¸ã¨∞HÀ=@O ÖÏO\˜ K«~°º - XHõ kâß ~°Ç≤Ï`« ÉèíH˜Î„ѨѨuÎH˜ x^Œ~°≈#O. "åã¨Î"åxH˜
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѩ^Œúu J`«∞º`«Î=∞O.
85. J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
ã¨Ç‘Ï J|∂^•=Ó^£ - 1771 #O^Œ∞ nx `«„v*ò KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
'WÅ∞¡— JO>Ë WHõ¯_» HÍÉÏ QÆ$ǨÏO Jx J~°÷O. ǨÏnã¨∞ L^ÕÌâ◊ºO, ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÅ ^•fi~å
‰õÄ_® D q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ `≥Å∞™ÈÎOk.
86. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£
87. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, ã≤~å*ò
88. ui‡l, ǨH˜"£∞ - W^ŒÌ~°∂ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞KÕâß~°∞. ã¨Ç‘Ï J`«Î~üwÉò : 353.
89. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

101

PÜ«∞# (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) WÖÏ É’kèOKå~°∞: ^•ã¨∞_»∞ #=∂AÖ’
J@∂ W@∂ kâ◊#∞ =∞~°ÅÛ#O`« =~°‰õÄ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J`«x "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy LO\Ï_»∞.
^•ã¨∞_»∞ kâ◊ =∞~°ÅÛQÍ<Õ PÜ«∞# ‰õÄ_® `«# kâ◊#∞ =∞~°Å∞Û‰õΩO\Ï_»∞.——90
(#=∂AÖ’) =¸_»∞ Ѩ#∞Å∞ KÕÜ«∞~å^Œx PÜ«∞# K≥áêÊ~°∞: HÀ_çÖÏQÍ
<ÕʼnõΩ =Ú‰õΩ¯x á⁄_»=@O, ‰õΩHõ¯ ÖÏQÍ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@O, #Hõ¯ÖÏQÍ J@∂W@∂
k‰õΩ¯Å∞ K«∂_»@O.91
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ É’kèã∞¨ OÎ _Õ"å~°∞: PYi™êiQÍ KÕã∞¨ #Î fl =ºH˜Î =∂kiQÍ #=∂A
KÕÜ«∞O_ç. g∞~°∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ K«∂ã¨∞Î<åfl~°<Õ ÉèíÜ«∞O`À #=∂*ò KÕÜ«∞O_ç. P ÉèÏ=#
HõÅQÆHõáÈ`Õ Hõhã¨O JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ q∞=∞‡efl K«∂ã¨∞Î<åfl_»x J~Ú<å ÉèÏqOK«O_ç.92
''XHõ =ºH˜ÎH˜ #=∂A "Õà◊ J~ÚOk. J`«#∞ ÉÏQÍ =ÙE KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl_»∞.
=∞Oz ÉèíH˜Î„â◊^ŒúÅ`À #=∂*ò KÕâß_»∞. K«Hõ¯QÍ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕâß_»∞. J@∞=O\˜ =ºH˜Î
ÔH=iÔH·<å J`«x D #=∂A J`«x ѨÓ~°fiѨ٠áêáêÅxfl\˜H˜ ѨiǨ~°OQÍ =∂~°∞
`«∞Ok. J~Ú`Õ J`«#∞ Ѷ¨∞’~°áêѨO KÕã≤ LO_»‰õÄ_»^Œ∞. (Ѷ¨∞’~°áêáêÅ∞ nx=Å¡
Hõ∆=∂~°›OHÍ=Ù). ZÅ¡HÍÅO WÖÏ [~°∞QÆ∞`«∂<Õ LO@∞Ok—— Jx PÜ«∞#
É’kèOKå~°∞.93
PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) XHõ 'Yg∞™ê—94 ^èŒiOz #=∂*ò
KÕâß~°∞. P =„™êÎxH˜ w`«Å∞<åfl~Ú. (#=∂AÖ’) F =∂~°∞ P w`«Å g∞^Œ
PÜ«∞# ^Œ$+≤ì Ѩ_Oç k. #=∂A =ÚyOK«∞‰õΩ#fl `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# ''<å D 'Yg∞™ê—#∞
J|∂ [ǨÏ"£∞ ^ŒQ~æÆ ‰° Ωõ fã¨∞HÔ à◊§O_ç. J|∂ [ǨÏ"£∞‰õΩ K≥Ok# 'JOa*ÏxÜ«∂—95#∞
90. J|∂^•=Ó^£ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞ nxx LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl
Ç≤ÏÉσ<£ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. =∞ixfl q=~åÅ HÀã¨O ã¨Ç‘Ï J`«Î~üwÉò 555#∞ K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
91. JǨχ^£, J|∂Ü«∂ÖÏ, ã¨Ç‘Ï J`«Î~üwÉò-556
92. =ÚMòeãπ - JǨÏnãπ =Ú#ÎMÏ, `«„ÉÏh, ~°∂Ü«∂h, lÜ«∂ =∞Mò^Œã‘ - JÖò JǨÏnãπ
JÖò =ÚMÏÎ~°, Wɡfl =∂*Ï, JǨχ^£, Wɡfl J™êH˜~üÅ∞ nxx LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. ÃÇ·Ïuq∞
'J™êfl JÖò =∞`åeÉò— #O^Œ∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
93. =Úã≤¡O
94. ã≤Öò¯ ÖË^• Lxfl Kå~°Å∞ QÆÅ =„ã¨ÎO
95. JO>Ë - ZÖÏO\˜ Kå~°Å∞ ÖËx =∂=¸Å∞ =„ã¨ÎO

102

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

<å‰õΩ `≥zÛ=fiO_ç. HÍ~°}O Uq∞@O>Ë, WO^•Hõ Wk #=∂A #∞Oz <å ^Œ$+≤ìx
=∞~°eÛOk—— Jx K≥Ñ≤Ê Ñ¨OÑ≤OKå~°∞. (#=∂AÖ’ <Õ#∞ nx w`«Å#∞ K«∂âß#∞.
WOHÍã¨~Î Ú`Õ nx =¸ÅOQÍ <Õ#∞ ѨsHõ‰∆ Ωõ QÆ∞~°Ü∞Õ º"å}˜‚ Jx WOHÀ LÖËY¡ #OÖ’
LOk).96
P~Úëê (~°lJÖϡǨï J#›) ^ŒQÆæ~° XHõ =„ã¨ÎO LO_Õk. ^•xÃÑ·# ÉÁ=∞‡
Å∞O_Õq. Jk 'ã¨ÇπÏ"å—97ÃÑ·# HõѨÊ|_ç LO_Õk. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ^•x "≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞. #=∂*ò =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞#,
nxfl <å =ÚO^Œ∞ #∞Oz f¿ãÜ«∞O_ç Jx P^ÕtOKå~°∞. (^•x ÉÁ=∞‡Å∞ #=∂AÖ’
=∂\˜=∂\˜H© <å Hõà¡◊ =ÚO^Œ∞ "≥∞^Œ∞Å∞`«∂ L<åfl~Ú J<åfl~°∞).98 ''J#flO =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ
fã¨∞‰õΩ ~å|_ç# `«~åfi`« WHõ #=∂A LO_»^Œ∞. JÖψQ f„= =∞Å=¸„`« qã¨~°˚#
J=ã¨~°O L#flѨÙÊ_»∞ ‰õÄ_® #=∂A LO_»^Œ∞—— Jx PÜ«∞# K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ"å~°∞.99

`«H©ƒÔ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂ `«~åfi`« #=∂A#∞ „áê~°OaèOKÕ „áê~°÷#Å∞
`«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) qq^èŒ ^Œ∞PÅ∞ („áê~°÷<å
=K«<åÅ∞) ѨiîOz k=ºY∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞. P „áê~°÷<å
=K«<åÖ’¡ PÜ«∞# JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ ã¨∞ÎuOKÕ"å~°∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Q˘Ñ¨Ê^Œ<åxfl ¿Ñ~˘¯<Õ"å~°∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ „Ѩâ◊Oã≤OKÕ"å~°∞. ''#=∂*ò ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——H˜ nx QÆ∞iOz
96. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, =∂eH±. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnãπ <≥O.376 #O^Œ∞
KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
97. <ÕÅÃÑ#· HÍã¨OÎ `« Z`«∞Î Hõey=Ù#fl z#fl QÆk ÖË^• XHõ QÆkÖ’ =ÙO_Õ HõÑÉπ ’~°∞¤ ÖÏO\˜k.
98. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) á¶È\’Å#∞ K≥iÑ≤"Ü
Õ ∞« =∞x ÖË^• zOÑ≤"Ü
Õ ∞« =∞x
P^ÕtOK«ÖË^Œ∞. ˆH=ÅO JHõ¯}∞‚Oz f¿ãÜ«∞=∞x ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞ ("åã¨Î=O JÖÏ¡ÇπψH
`≥Å∞ã¨∞). HÍ~°}O Jq r=O Hõey# ã¨$+≤ì`åÅ á¶È\’Å∞ HÍ=Ù. J^≥ÖÏ JO>Ë- r=O
Hõey# ã¨$+≤ì`åÅ á¶È\’Å#∞ PÜ«∞# zO¿Ñâß~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O 'ã¨Ç‘ÏÜ≥ÿ∞<£—ÅÖ’ Z<Àfl
ǨÏnã¨∞Å ^•fi~å x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_ç =ÙOk.
=∞ixfl q=~åÅ∞ HÍ"åÅ#∞H˘<Õ"å~°∞'Ѷ¨`«Ç¨ïÖò ÉÏs— (10/ 32) =∞iÜ«Ú QÍÜ«∞ JÖò
=∞~å"£∞ Ѷ‘ `«„v*ò JǨÏnãπ JÖò ǨÏÖÏÖò =Öò ǨÏ~å"£∞ - 131#∞O_ç 145 ¿ÑrÅ#∞
K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
99. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl JcÃ+·ÉÏ (12/110/2) Ö’ Ô~O_»= ǨÏnã¨∞ =ÙOk. nx `«„v*ò
W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnãπ <≥O.8 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

103

P*Ï˝Ñ≤ã¨∂Î PÜ«∞# ''JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Q˘Ñ¨Ê^Œ<åxfl ¿Ñ~˘¯x, PÜ«∞xfl ã¨∞ÎuOz, „Ѩâ◊Oã≤Oz
P `«~åfi`« gÖˇ·# "Õ∞~°‰õΩ k=ºY∞~üP<£#∞ ѨiîOK«#O`« =~°‰õÄ U =ºH˜Î #=∂E
ѨÓ~°Î=^Œ∞—— Jx q=iOKå~°∞.100
D „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_ç# ^Œ∞PÅÖ’ H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ Wk, H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ Jk
Ѩiîã¨∞ÎO_Õ"å~åÜ«∞#:

1)

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ÉÏW^£ ɡ·h = ɡ·# Y`åÜ«∂Ü«∞ Hõ=∂ÉÏJ`«Î ɡ·#Öò =∞+πid
=Öò =∞Q∑ia. JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ #döh q∞<£ Y`åÜ«∂Ü«∞ Hõ=∂ Ü«Ú#Yö ™œû|∞Öò
JÉòÜ«∞A q∞#^ŒÌ#ã≤, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! WQ∑ã≤Öòh q∞<£ Y`åÜ«∂Ü«∞ aÖò
=∂~Ú =ã¨ûÖòl =Öò |~°^£.
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) D ^Œ∞P#∞ Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂AÖ’¡
Ѩiîã¨∞ÎO_Õ"å~°∞101

100. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
101. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqO
Kå~°∞.

104

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

(2) =[˚ÇÏπ `«∞ =*òÇÏ≤ Ü«∞ eÅ¡r Ѷ`¨ ~« ã° û¨ =∂"åu =ÖòJ~ü[ ǨÏhѶ<¨ £ (=Úã≤=¡ ∞<£)
==∂ J# q∞#Öò =Ú+πiH©<£. W#fl ã¨ÖÏf = #∞ã¨∞H© = =∞ÇπÏÜ«∂Ü«∞
==∞=∂f eÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£. ÖÏ +¨sHõ ÅǨ˙ = a*ÏeHõ Lq∞~ü`∞« ,
= J# J=fiÅ∞Öò =Úã≤g¡ ∞<£.102 JÖϡǨï=∞‡ JO`«Öò =∞e‰õΩ ÖÏ WÖÏǨÏ
WÖÏ¡ J<£`« (ã¨∞|Ǩ#Hõ = aǨÏ"£∞kHõ) J<£`« ~°cƒ = J# J|∞ÌHõ103
[Å"£∞`«∞ #Ѷãπ ,‘ "å`«~Ñ° `π¶ ∞« a [Oc, ѶQ¨ Ñ∑ ~≤¶ bü [Oc [q∞J<£. W#flǨ˙
ÖÏÜ«∞Q∑Ѷ≤~°∞A˚#∂| WÖÏ¡ JO`«, =ÇπÏkh eJÇπÏã¨xÖò JMòÖÏMò ÖÏ
Ü«∞ÇπÏn eJÇπÏã¨xǨ WÖÏ¡ JO`«, =ãπiѶπ Jhfl ã¨~ÚºJǨ, ÖÏ Ü«∞ãπiѶ٨
Jhfl ã¨~ÚºJǨ WÖÏ¡ JO`« Åɡ·ƒHõ = ™ê^≥·Hõ.104 =Öò Mˇ·~°∞ ‰õΩÅ∞¡Ç¨˙ Ѷ‘
Ü«∞^≥·Hõ. =+¨¬„~°∞ Öˇ·ã¨ WÖˇ·Hõ.105 (=Öò =∞ÇπÏn =∞<£ ǨÏ^≥·`«). J# aHõ =
WÖˇ·Hõ (ÖÏ =∞<£*Ï =ÖÏ =∞Öò[J q∞<£Hõ WÖÏ¡ WÖˇ·Hõ) `«ÉÏ~°H±`« =
`«PÖˇ·`«, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞Hõ = J`«∂|∞ WÖˇ·Hõ.
102. Z‰õΩ¯= LÖË¡Y<åÅÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ<Õ LOk. HÍh, H˘xfl LÖË¡Y<åÅÖ’
'=J<å q∞#Öò =Úã≤¡g∞<£— J#fl Ѩ^•Å∞ =KåÛ~Ú. J~Ú`Õ D q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ H˘O^Œ~°∞
LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ ^•fi~å á⁄~°áê@∞ [iy#@∞¡Ok. nxH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz P^è•~åÅ∞ ‰õÄ_®
=Ù<åfl~Ú. JO^Œ∞ˆH #=∂A KÕ¿ã"å~°∞, '=J<å J=fiÅ∞Öò =Úã≤¡g∞<£— J<Õ Ñ¨ÅHÍe.
W^Õ ã¨Ô~·#k. H˘O`«=∞Ok nxx WÖÏ Ñ¨eH˜`Õ - WÖÏO\˜ QÆ∞}O Hõey# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜
=ºH˜Îx <Õ<Õ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞ nxH˜ ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =Ù<åfl~°∞ - J#fl J~°÷O =ã¨∞ÎO^Œx
ÉèÏqOz nxx u~°ã¨¯iOKå~°∞. HÍh, Wk ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ D Ѩ^•Å L^ÕÌâ◊O
P*Ï˝áêÅ# q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ `«fi~°Ñ_¨ =» ∞x „ѨH\õ O˜ K«_O» . nxH˜ L^•Ç¨Ï~°}QÍ k=ºY∞~üP<£
Ö’x PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞''XHõ"àÕ ◊ x[OQÍ<Õ Hõ~∞° }Ï=∞Ü«Ú
xH˜ ã¨O`å#O =ÙO>Ë JO^ŒiHõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ <Õ<Õ "åix P~åkèOz =ÙO_Õ"å}˜‚.
(AMò~∞° Ѷ:π 81) =∞iÜ«Ú
''JO^ŒiHõO>Ë =ÚO^Œ∞ <Õ#∞ qâ◊fiã≤ã∞¨ <Î åfl#∞.——
(P~åѶπ : 143) Å#∞ L^ŒÇ¨ÏiOK«=K«∞Û.
103. JO>Ë - <Õ#∞ x#∞fl `«Ñ¨Ê =∞Ô~=ih P~åkèOK«#∞ Jx. J[ǨÏs nxH˜ W^Õ J~å÷xfl
"å_®~°∞.
104. JO>Ë - <Õ#∞ h q^èÕÜ«∞`« H˘~°‰õΩ ZšѨÙÊ_»∂ ã≤÷~°OQÍ =∞iÜ«Ú ã≤^ŒúOQÍ =ÙO\Ï#∞.
™ê^≥·H± : JO>Ë h P[˝Å Ѩ@¡ ã¨O`«$ѨÙÎ_»<≥· ã¨^• "å\˜H˜ ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞‰õΩ_çQÍ =ÙO\Ï#∞
=∞iÜ«Ú h=Ù ã¨O`«$Ñ≤Î K≥Ok# ^èŒ~å‡xfl =∞#ã¨∂ÊùiÎQÍ J#∞ã¨iã¨∂Î LO\Ï#∞.
105. K≥_∞» #∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ‰õΩ PáêkOK«Ö=Ë Ú. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë PÜ«∞# KÕ¿ã HÍ~åºÅÖ’ K≥_∞» =ÙO_»^∞Œ .

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

105

D ^Œ∞P#∞ Ѷ¨~ü˚ =∞iÜ«Ú #Ѷ≤Öò Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍÅ #=∂AÖ’¡#∂ ѨiîOKÕ
106

"å~°∞.

JO`å '=∞OKÕ— LO@∞Ok. JO^Œ∞ˆH Jq <åºÜ«∞O, Hõ$Ѩ, q"ÕHÍÅ =∞^茺 u~°∞QÆ∞`«∂
LO\Ï~Ú. J=hfl '=∞Oz—<Õ Hõey LO\Ï~Ú. "å\˜Ö’ U =∂„`«O K≥_»∞ =ÙO_»^Œ∞.
K≥_∞» JO>Ë<Õ K≥_k¤» . JO^Œ∞Hˆ nxx JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ PáêkOK«Ö=Ë Ú. Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO
(~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞Op, K≥_»∞Å ã¨$+≤ìHõ~°Î. J`«x H˘xfl
ã¨$+≤ì`åÅÖ’ K≥_»∞ =ÙOk. HÍh J`«x ã¨$+≤ì „Ñ¨„H˜Ü«∞Ö’, W`«~° HÍ~åºÅÖ’ K≥_»∞ ÖË^Œ∞.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ , JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ^Ò~°<˚ åºÅxflO\˜H© (AÖò‡) Jf`«∞_»∞. ^Ò~°#˚ ºO JO>Ë - ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ
XHõ =ã¨∞Î=Ù#∞, ^•xH˜ `«QÆx ™ê÷#OÖ’ =ÙOK«_»O. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ J~Ú`Õ „Ѩu =ã¨∞Î=Ù#∞
^•xH˜ `«y# ™ê÷#OÖ’<Õ =ÙOKå_»∞. JO^Œ∞ˆH g\˜Ö’ JO`å '=∞OKÕ— =ÙOk. XHõ
=ã¨∞Î=Ù#∞ ^•xH˜ `«y# ™ê÷#OÖ’ =ÙOz`Õ JO^Œ∞Ö’ K≥_»∞ =ÙO_»^Œ∞. Hõ#∞Hõ, `≥eã≤O^Õ
q∞@O>Ë - K≥_»∞#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ PáêkOK«_»O ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞.
`«^Œ∞Ѩi, Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO (~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: g∞~˘Hõ"Õà◊ - Jk
K≥_»∞ J~Ú`Õ, =∞i PÜ«∞# (JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) ^•xfl ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ ã¨$+≤ìOKå_»∞? Jx J_çy`Õ
^•xH˜ <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ K≥_»∞#∞ ã¨$+≤ìOKå_»∞, HÍh, J`«x HÍ~åºÅ∞
=∂„`«O K≥_»¤q HÍ=Ù, JO`å =∞Oz"Õ. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - ã¨$+≤ìOK«_»O =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°
HÍ~åºÅ∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ "≥·Ñ¨Ù#∞O_ç [iy#q. JO`Õ `«Ñ¨Ê, K≥_»∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ѩ~°º=™ê<åxfl
JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ PáêkOK«_»O `«QÆ^Œ∞. ã¨$+≤ìOK«_»O =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° HÍ~åºÅ∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ
PáêkOK«=K«∞Û. JO^Œ∞ˆH JO^Œ∞Ö’ =∞Oz =ÙOk.
WO`«\ ˜ „áê^è•#º`« ã¨O`«iOK«∞‰õΩ#fl D K«~°Û#∞ QÆ∂iÛ =∞iO`« q=~°OQÍ `≥Å∞ã¨HÀ
^ŒÅz#"å~°∞, PÜ«∞# „QÆO^äŒO +≤á¶ê JÖò
JbÖò Ѷ‘ =∞™êÜ«∞Öò JÖò Y^• =Öò Y^Œ~ü =`åÎbÖò - 178 #∞O_ç 206 ¿ÑrÅ#∞
K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
106. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£, JǨχ^£, ëêѶ¨~¸,
`«„ÉÏh. D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ Hˆ =ÅO '#ѶÖ≤ ò— P~å^è#Œ Å H˘~°‰Ωõ „Ѩ`ºÕ H˜Oz#"å~°∞ á⁄~°áê@∞‰õΩ
QÆ∞~°Ü«∂º~°∞.

106

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

(3) =[˚ÇÏπ `«∞ =*òÇÏ≤ Ü«∞ eÅ¡r Ѷ`¨ ~« ã° û¨ =∂"åu =Öò J~ü[ ǨÏhѶ<¨ £ =Úã≤=¡ ∞<£
==∂ J<å q∞#Öò =Ú+πiH©<£. W#fl ã¨ÖÏf = #∞ã¨∞H© = =∞ÇπÏÜ«∂Ü«∞
= =∞=∂f eÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£. ÖÏ+¨sHõ ÅǨ˙ =a*ÏeHõ Lq∞~ü`∞« .
= J# J=fiÅ∞Öò =Úãπeg∞<£. JÖϡǨï=∞‡ J<£`«Öò =∞e‰õΩ ÖÏ WÖÏǨÏ
WÖÏ¡ JO`« ã¨∞ÉòǨ#Hõ =aǨÏ"£∞kHõ.107

(4) =[˚ÇÏπ `«∞ =*òÇÏ≤ Ü«∞ eÅ¡r Ѷ`¨ ~« ã° û¨ =∂"åu =Öò J~ü[ ǨÏhѶ<¨ (£ =Úã≤=¡ ∞<£)
==∂ J<å q∞#Öò =Ú„+≤H©<£. W#fl ã¨ÖÏf = #∞ã¨∞H© = =∞ÇπÏÜ«∂Ü«∞ =
=∞=∂f eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£. ÖÏ +¨sHõ ÅǨ˙ = a*ÏeHõ Lq∞~ü`«∞
= J# J=fiÅ∞Öò =Úã≤¡g∞<£. JÖϡǨï=∞‡ÇπÏkh eJÇπÏã¨xÖò JMòÖÏd,
= JÇπÏã¨xÖò P=∂e. ÖÏ Ü«∞ÇπÏn e JÇπÏã¨xǨ WÖÏ¡ JO`«. =dh
ã¨~ÚºJÖò JMòÖÏd =Öò P=∂e, ÖÏ Ü«∞v ã¨~Úº JǨ WÖÏ¡ JO`«.108
(5) ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ #Hõ109 JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡! = aǨÏ"£∞kHõ = `«ÉÏ~°Hãõ ∞¨ ‡Hõ =`«PÖ [^Œ∞HÌ ,õ
=ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï ÔQ·~°∞Hõ.110
107. #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
108. #™ê~Ú, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
109. h Ѩq„`«`«#∞ H˘xÜ«∂_»∞`å#∞ - JO>Ë Ö’áêÅxflO\˜H© Jf`«∞_»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú J`«ºO`«
Ѩq„`«∞_»∞ Jx Y~å~°∞ KÕ™êÎ#∞.
'=aǨÏq∞ÌHõ— JO>Ë-"Õ∞=Ú h ™È΄`«O KÕã¨∂Î x#∞fl „Ѩâ◊Oã≤ã¨∂Î<Õ LO\ÏO Jx.
'=`«ÉÏ~°H±— JO>Ë-h <å=∞O Ü≥ÚHõ¯ â◊√ÉèÏÅ∞ Z<Àfl =Ù<åfl~Ú. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë „Ѩu
"Õ∞Å∂ h <å=∞O ^•fi~å<Õ LxH˜Ö’ LOk. [^Œ∞ÌHõ - JO>Ë h "≥·Éèí==Ú =∞iÜ«Ú
Ѷ¨∞#`« ZO`À =∞Ǩϟ#fl`«"≥∞ÿ#q.
110. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_®
nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. Jvb 103= ¿ÑrÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

107

''JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ J`«∞º`«Î=∞ ѨÅ∞‰õΩ ^•ã¨∞_»∞
''ã¨∞ÉòǨ#Hõ
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Jx ѨÅHõ@O—— Jx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
„Ѩ=zOz L<åfl~°∞.111

(6) ã¨∞ÉòǨ#Hõ JÖϡǨï=∞‡! = aǨÏ"£∞kHõ = `«ÉÏ~°Hõã¨∞‡Hõ = `«PÖÏ [^Œ∞ÌHõ,
=ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï ÔQ·~°∞Hõ, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ
WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~°∞ Hõc~å, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~°∞ Hõc~å,
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~°∞ Hõc~å.112
(7) JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~°∞ Hõc~å =Öò ǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï Hõã‘~å, = ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï
|∞H±~°`«<£ = Jã‘ÖÏ.
XHõ =ºH˜Î D ^Œ∞P#∞ #=∂A „áê~°OÉèíOÖ’ ѨiîOK«QÍ qx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ''D ^Œ∞P HÀã¨O PHÍâ◊ ^•fi~åÅ∞ `≥~°∞=
|_»@O K«∂ã≤ <Õ#∞ Pâ◊Û~°ºáÈÜ«∂#∞—— Jx J<åfl~°∞.113
(8) JÖòǨÏ"£∞^Œ∞ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï Ç¨Ï"£∞^Œ<£ Hõã‘~°<£ `«~Úº|<£ =ÚÉÏ~°Hõ<£ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï.
D ǨÏnã¨∞ XHõ\ ˜Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯= ™ê~°∞¡ LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖòǨÏnãπ<≥O.341 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
111. D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ - Wɡfl =∞O^• J`ÒÎÇÏ‘ ^£-2/123 #O^Œ∞, ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
#™ê~Ú nxx J=∞Öò JÖò Ü«∞ø"£∞ =ÖˇÂ¡Öò #O^Œ∞ =∞øY∂Ѷπ =∞iÜ«Ú =∞~üѶ¨Ó ÖÏQÍ
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞ Wɡfl Hõã‘~ü - *Ï"≥∞ JÖò =∞™êh^£ - ã¨OѨÙ@O 3 /2=
ÉèÏQÆO - ¿Ñr 235/2Ö’ LOk. `«^Œ∞Ѩi <Õ#∞ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ #™ê~Ú (849, 850)
Ö’ K«∂âß#∞. nx `«„v*ò - Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏǨ - 2939 #O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.
112. J|∂^•=Ó^£, `«Ç¨g - ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
113. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞KÕâß~°∞. J|∂ #~¸"£∞ 'JÖòÉÏ~ü
W㨃Ǩ<£— (1/210) #O^Œ∞ Aɡ·~ü a<£ =Ú`å"£∞ ^•fi~å `«#∞ D ^Œ∞P#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) #ѶÖ≤ ò #=∂AÖ’ K«^∞Œ =Ù`«∞O_»QÍ q<åfl#x LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.

108

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

=∞~À =ºH˜Î D ^Œ∞P`À #=∂*ò „áê~°OaèOK«QÍ qx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: ''P ^Œ∞P#∞ fã¨∞ÔHo§ (^≥·=ã¨=∞Hõ∆OÖ’)
ã¨=∞iÊOK«\ÏxH˜ Ѩ<≥flO_»∞ =∞Ok ^≥·=^Œ∂`«Å∞ XHõ~˘flHõ~°∞ áÈ\©Ñ¨_ç
Ѩ~°∞ÔQ`«∞ΉõΩO@∂ =zÛ ^•x g∞^Œ Ѩ_»@O <Õ#∞ K«∂âß#∞.——114

(9) JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ÅHõÖò ǨÏ=ÚÌ. J<£`«115 #∂~°∞ã¨û=∂=u =Öò J~ül = =∞<£
Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï#fl. =ÅHõÖò ǨÏ=ÚÌ, J<£`« Y~Úº =Úã¨û116 =∂"åu =Öò J~ül
==∞<£ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï#fl (=ÅHõÖò ǨÏ=ÚÌ, JO`« =∞e‰õΩã¨û=∂"åu =Öò J~ül =
=∞<£ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï#fl) =ÅHõÖò ǨÏ=ÚÌ, JO`«Öò ǨÏY∞ö. = =J^Œ∞Hõ ǨÏY∞ö<£ =
M∫Å∞Hõ ǨÏY∞ö<£, = eMÏ=ÙHõ ǨÏY∞ö<£, =Öò [#fl`«∞ ǨÏY∞ö<£, =<åfl~°∞
ǨÏY∞ö<£, =™êûJ`«∞ ǨÏY∞ö<£, =#flaÜ«¸º# ǨÏY∞ö<£, = =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ∞<£
ǨÏY∞ö<£. JÖϡǨï=∞‡! ÅHõ JãπÅ"£∞`«∞, = JÖˇ·Hõ `«=Hõ¯Öò`«∞. = aHõ
P=∞<£`«∞ = WÖˇ·Hõ J#Éò`«∞, = aHõ MÏã¨"£∞`«∞. = WÖˇ·Hõ ǨHõ"£∞`«∞,
(JO`« ~°|∞ƒ<å = WÖˇH· Öõ ò =∞ã‘~,ü ѶQ¨ Ñ∑ ~≤¶ bü =∂ Y^Œ"Ì ∞£ `«∞, ==∂ JYö~`ü ∞« ,
==∂ Jãπ~°~ü`«∞ ==∂ PÅO`«∞) (==∂ J<£`« PÅ=Ú aÇ‘Ï q∞hfl)
114. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
115. JO>Ë - Éè∂í =∂ºHÍâßÅ#∞ „ѨHÍtOѨ*¿Ë ãk h"Õ =∞iÜ«Ú h ^•fi~å<Õ g\˜Ö’ x=ã≤OKÕ
"å~°∞ =∂~°æ^Œ~°≈Hõ`«fiO á⁄O^Œ∞`å~°∞ Jx J~°÷O.
116. JO>Ë - h"Õ "åiH˜ ã¨O~°Hõ∆‰õΩ_»=Ù =∞iÜ«Ú HõxÃÑ@∞ìH˘x =ÙO_Õ"å_»=Ù Jx.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

109

JO`«Öò =ÚYkÌ=Ú = JO`«Öò =ÚJdö~°∞, (J<£`« WÖÏÇ‘Ï), ÖÏ WÖÏǨÏ
WÖÏ¡ J<£`«, (=ÖÏ Ç¨Ï∫Å =ÖÏ Y∞=fi`« WÖÏ¡ aHõ).117
ÃÑ· ^Œ∞P#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ~å„uѨÓ@ #=∂AÖ’
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.118 WÖÏO\˜"Õ =∞i H˘xfl ^Œ∞PÅ∞ :

(10) JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ~°|ƒ l„ÉÏ~¸Å, = g∞HÍ~¸Å = W„™êѶő ! á¶êu~°ãû¨ =∂"åu
=Öò J~ül! Pe=∞Öò ÔQ·a =+¨¬Ç¨^Œu! J<£`« `«ÇπωõΩ=Ú Éˇ·# WÉÏkHõ
Ѷ‘=∂ HÍ#∂ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï Ü«∞Mò`«eѶ¨Ó<£, WÇπÏkh e=∞Mò`«∞eѶ¨ Ѷ‘Ç≤Ï q∞#Öò
ǨÏdö a W*òxHõ, W#flHõ `«ÇπÏn =∞<£ `«ëê=Ù WÖÏ ã≤~åu"£∞ =Úã¨Îv"£∞.119

(11) JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü , JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü,
117. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl#ã¨~ü, ^•iq∞
118. JO>Ë - Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂AÖ’¡ D ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ K«^Œ=‰õÄ_»^Œx J~°÷O HÍ^Œ∞. ~ÚHõ, W=∂"£∞
q+¨Ü∂« xH˘¿ãÎ =∂„`«O - =ÚYÎnʼnõΩ Hõ+Oì¨ HõÅ∞QƉΩõ O_® *Ï„QÆ`ÑΫ _¨ =» Åã≤ LO@∞Ok.
119. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.

110

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü,
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü, JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü† JÖòÇϨ =ÚÌ eÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , JÖòÇϨ =ÚÌ eÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ,
JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤Ï, JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤Ï, JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤Ï, JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ
eÖÏÇ≤Ï, JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤Ï, JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤Ï, JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤Ï,
JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏÇ≤φ ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï,
ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï,
ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤Ï, ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏÇ≤φ ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï,
ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï,ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï,
ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï,
ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï†
Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ,
Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ,
Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, Jã¨ÎQ∑Ѷ≤~°∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
`«~åfi`« D q^èŒOQÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞.

JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh (= PѶ≤h), JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb
=ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh (= PѶ≤h), JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh
(= PѶ≤h), JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh(= PѶ≤h), JÖÏ¡
Ǩï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ~≤ bü =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh(= PѶh≤ ), JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡Q∑ Ѷ~≤ bü =ÇπÏkh
=~üAMòh (= PѶh≤ ), JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡Q∑ Ѷ~≤ bü =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh (= PѶh≤ ),
JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh (= PѶ≤h), JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb
=ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh (= PѶ≤h), JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb =ÇπÏkh =~üAMòh
(= PѶ≤h).

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

111

P `«~åfi`« D q^èŒOQÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡!
Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA
aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜
Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò
Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò,
JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡!
Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA
aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜ Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò, JÖϡǨï=∞‡! Whfl J=ÓA aHõ q∞#*ˇ·H˜
Ü«∞ø=∞Öò Ç≤Ï™êÉò120
(12) JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, AÖò =∞ʼnõÄu, =Öò
[Éò~°∂u =Öò H˜ÉòiÜ«∂~Ú =Öò J*ò=∞u.121

Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O
`«~åfi`« ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =ã¨ÅO¡ ) JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ â◊~}° ∞ "Õ_∞» ‰õΩ<Õ"å~°∞
=∞iÜ«Ú WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞:
120. JǨχ^£, Wɡfl JcÃ+·ÉÏ (12/119/2), J|∂^•=Ó^£, `«„ÉÏh - JÖò Bã¨`ü 62/2)
q∞#Öò A=∂ ɡ·# = ɡ·#Öò ã¨w~ü #O^Œ∞ ã¨Ç‘Ï =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À .
121. `«Ü«∂eã‘, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

112

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

J=ÓA aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï q∞#+¨¬~Ú`åx„~°rq∞ q∞<£ ǨÏ"£∞lÇ‘Ï122 = #ѶπdÇ‘Ï =
#Ѷπã≤Ç‘Ï.123
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ =∞iH˘O`« JkèHõOQÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞:
''J=ÓA aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ïã¨ûg∞~ÚÖò Jbq∞ q∞#+¨¬~Ú`åx„~°rq∞ q∞<£Ç¨Ï"£∞lÇ‘Ï
= #ѶπdÇ‘Ï = #Ѷπã≤Ç‘Ï——124
`«~åfi`«
''aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞—— ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
HÍx aQÆæ~°QÍ =∂„`«O HÍ^Œ∞.125

XHÀ¯ PÜ«∞`«∞ "Õˆ~fi~°∞QÍ Ñ¨iîOK«@O
`«~åfi`« á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. XHÀ¯ PÜ«∞`«∞ "Õˆ~fi~°∞QÍ KÕã≤
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
'aã≤‡ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï„~°Ç¨‡x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞— ѨiîOz HÍ¿ãѨÙ
PˆQ"å~°∞. `«~åfi`«
''JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£——
''J„~°Ç¨ ‡x„~°ÇÏ‘ "£∞—— ѨiOî z
ѨiOî z HÍ¿ãѨ٠PˆQ"å~°∞. P `«~åfi`«
HÍ¿ãѨ٠PˆQ"å~°∞. P `«~åfi`«
''=∂eH˜ Ü«∞øq∞nÌ<£—— ѨiîOz
HÍ¿ãѨ٠PˆQ"å~°∞. ã¨∂~å z=i =~°‰õΩ JÖψQ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. PÜ«∞# KÕ¿ã Y∞~üP<£
122. 'ǨÏ"£∞˚—#∞ LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ∞ 'Ñ≤zÛ`«#O—QÍ#∂, #Ѷ¨Mò#∞ QÆ~°fiOQÍ#∂ =∞iÜ«Ú #Ѷ¨ãπ#∞
Hõq`«fiOQÍ#∂ qâı¡+≤OKå~°∞. ~¸ =¸_»∞ qâı¡+¨}Å∞ ‰õÄ_® ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å ã¨Ç‘Ï =Ú~°ûÖò Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À LÖË¡dOK«|_®¤~Ú. ~ÚHõ¯_»
Hõq`«fiO JO>Ë K≥_»∞ Hõq`«fiO Jx J~°÷O. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë-^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨Å¡O)=∞~À „Ѩ=K«#O - H˘xfl Hõq`åfiÅ∞ q"ÕHõO`À xO_ç =ÙO\Ï~Ú. (|∞MÏs)
=ÙOk.
123. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl. nxx ǨH˜"∞£ , Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£, [ǨÏcÅ∞ ã¨ÇÏ‘ QÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. nx =∞iÜ«Ú nx `«~åfi`« =zÛ# ǨÏnã¨∞ `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.342 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
124. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡l ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À, =∞™êÜ«∞Öò Wɡfl Ǩh (1/15) #O^Œ∞
W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ D =∂>Ë á⁄O^Œ∞Ѩ~°K«|_çOk.
125. |∞MÏs,=Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, `«Ç¨g, JǨχ^£

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

113

Ѩ~î°#O D q^èŒOQÍ<Õ LO_Õk. „Ѩu PÜ«∞`ü z=~À¡ PÜ«∞# HÍ¿ãѨ٠PˆQ"å~°∞.
PÜ«∞`ü#∞ ^•x `«~åfi`« =KÕÛ PÜ«∞`ü`À HõeÑ≤ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞.126
JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂
''=∂eH˜ Ü«∞øq∞nÌ<£—— J<Õ PÜ«∞`ü#∞
''=∞eH˜ Ü«∞øq∞nÌ<£—— Jx ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.127

á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å #=∂AÖ’ „Ѩ^è•<åOâ◊O J=_»O
=∞iÜ«Ú ^•x qt+¨ª`«Å QÆ∞iOz
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å QÆ∞iOz KåÖÏ
Q˘Ñ¨ÊQÍ K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞. ''`«# #=∂AÖ’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å#∞, P `«~åfi`« =∞ˆ~^≥·<å
ã¨∂~å#∞ ѨiîOK«x =ºH˜Î #=∂A <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞——Jx K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ"å~°∞.128
=∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ D q^èOŒ QÍ LOk: ''=∞x+≤ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«‰Ωõ O_®
KÕ¿ã #=∂A (ѨiѨÓ~°‚`«‰õΩ) ã¨iáÈx^≥· LO@∞Ok.——129 JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂ WÖÏ
126. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ã¨Ç¨Ïq∞ - 64,65 ¿ÑrÅ∞. ǨH˜"£∞ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc nx`À UH©Éqíè OKå~°∞. nx `«„v*ò 'W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò—- ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.343
#O^Œ∞ KÕÜ∞« |_çOk. J|∂ J„"£∞ J^•Ìh 'JÖò =ÚHõáÎ ê¶ —-(5/2) #O^Œ∞ nxx LÖËd¡ Oz
~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: D ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å∞ Z<Àfl =Ù<åfl~Ú =∞iÜ«Ú D
J^蕺ܫ∞OÖ’ Jã¨Å∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ ~Ú^Õ. =ÚO^Œ∞ `«~åÅ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú MÏsÅ
XHõ ã¨=¸Ç¨Ï=Ú, PÜ«∞`«∞Å#∞ XH˘¯Hõ¯\˜QÍ "Õ~°∞ KÕã≤ ѨiîOK«_»O JaèÅ+¨}©Ü«∞OQÍ
`«ÅáÈ¿ãk. JO^Œ∞Ö’ H˘xfl PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ J~°÷O s`åº XHõ^•xH˘Hõ\ ˜ ã¨O|O^èŒO Hõey
=Ù#flѨÊ\˜H©.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-D ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ <Õ_∞» MÏsÖË =kÖËâß~°∞. ~ÚHõ ™ê=∂#º „Ѩ*ÏhHõO
QÆ∞iOz K≥¿ÑÊ^Õ=ÚOk!
127. `«=∂"£∞ ~år - Ѷ¨"åÜ≥∞^£ #O^Œ∞, Wɡfl Jc^•=Ó^£ - JÖò =∞™êÇ≤ÏѶπ (7/2),
J|∂#~¸"£∞ - JMòÉÏ~ü Wãπ|Ǩ<£ (1/104) =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨H˜"£∞ nxx LÖË¡dOz
ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. ''=∂eH˜—— ÖÏQÍ<Õ
'=∞eH˜— Jx ѨiîOK«_»O ‰õÄ_® =Ú`å=u~ü.
128. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, J"å#, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥.302 #O^Œ∞
KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
129. ^•Ô~Y∞ufl - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. - Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£ nxx `«#
'ã¨Ç‘Ï—Ö’ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò #O^Œ∞‰õÄ_® nx `«„v*ò =ÙOk.

114

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: ''XHõ`«#∞ #=∂*ò KÕâß_»∞. HÍx JO^Œ∞Ö’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å
ѨiîOK«ÖË^Œ∞. JÖÏO\˜ #=∂A Jã¨OѨÓ~°‚O.130 Jk Jã¨OѨÓ~°‚O, Jk
Jã¨OѨÓ~°‚O, Jk ѨÓiÎHÍÖË^Œ∞.——131
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ É’kèã¨∞ÎO_Õ"å~°∞ : JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ_»∞: <Õ#∞
#=∂A#∞132 <å‰õÄ– <å ^•ã¨∞xH˜ =∞^茺 ã¨QÆO ã¨QÆO qÉèílOz ÃÑ\Ïì#∞. Hõ#∞Hõ
ã¨QÆO #=∂A <åk. ã¨QÆO <å ^•ã¨∞xk. <å ^•ã¨∞_»∞ HÀi#=hfl J`«x"Õ.
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ É’kèOKÕ"å~°∞ : K«∂_»O_ç!
^•ã¨∞_»∞
''JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£—— Jx
J#flѨÙÊ_»∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ''<å ^•ã¨∞_»∞ ##∞fl ã¨∞ÎuOKå_»∞—— Jx JO\Ï_»∞. `«~åfi`«
^•ã¨∞_»∞
''J„~°Ç¨‡ x„~°Ç‘Ï"£∞—— J#flѨÙÊ_»∞, JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ''<å ^•ã¨∞_»∞
##∞fl „Ѩâ◊Oã≤OKå_»∞—— Jx JO\Ï_»∞. `«~åfi`« ^•ã¨∞_»∞
''=∂eH˜
Ü«∞øq∞nÌ<£—— J#QÍ<Õ, JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ''<å ^•ã¨∞_»∞ <å Q˘Ñ¨Ê^Œ<åxfl „Ѩ™êÎqOKå_»∞——
Jx JO\Ï_»∞. P `«~åfi`« ^•ã¨∞_»∞
''WÜ«∂ºHõ<å|∞^Œ∞ =
WÜ«∂ºHõ #ã¨Î~¸<£—— Jx J#QÍ<Õ, JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ''Wk <å‰õÄ–<å ^•ã¨∞xH© =∞^茺
=Ù#fl q+¨Ü«∞O. <å ^•ã¨∞xH˜ J`«#∞ HÀ~°∞‰õΩ#fl=hfl Åaè™êÎ~Ú—— Jx JO\Ï_»∞.
`«~åfi`« ^•ã¨∞_»∞

''WÇπÏk#ã≤û~å`«Öò =Úã¨ÎH©=∞ ã≤~å`«Å¡r# J<£J"£∞`« JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï"£∞ ÔQ·iÖò
=∞Q∑Ea JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï"£∞ =Å*Ï˚fib¡<£—— Jx J#QÍ<Õ, JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ''D q+¨Ü«∂Åhfl <å
^•ã¨∞xq. <å ^•ã¨∞_»∞ HÀ~°∞‰õΩ#fl=hfl J`«x"Õ—— Jx JO\Ï_»∞.133
130. ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ 'Y^•*ò— J#fl Ѩ^ŒO LOk. JO>Ë - Jã¨OѨÓ~°‚O Jx J~°÷O. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) D Ѩ^•xfl Jã¨OѨÓ~°‚O (ѨÓiÎHÍxk) Jx qâı¡+≤OKå~°∞.
131. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
132. #=∂*ò JO>Ë ~ÚHõ¯_» á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Jx J~°÷O.
133. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, =∂eH±. nxx |ÅѨiKÕ =∞~À LÖË¡Y#O *Ïa~ü (~°lJÖϡǨï
J#∞›) ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOK«|_ç ǨÏ=∂˚ a<£ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ ã¨Ç¨Ïg∞ [~ü*Ïh Ü≥ÚHõ¯ `åsMò
[~ü*Ï<£ - 144 ¿ÑrÖ’ =ÙOk.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

115

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ „Ѩ=zOKÕ"å~°∞: =∞Ǩϟ#fl
`«∞_≥#· JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å =O\˜^•xfl `Ò~å`«∞Ö’QÍx, WOrÖò „QÆO^äOŒ Ö’QÍx
J=`«iOѨ*Ü
Ë ∞« ÖË^∞Œ . J^Õ ''ã¨|Ü≥∞ =∞™êh——134 =∞iÜ«Ú <å‰õΩ „Ѩ™êkOK«|_ç#
=∞Ǩϟ#fl`«"≥∞ÿ# Y∞~üP<£.135
''#=∂A#∞ ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——H˜ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) nxfl ѨiîOK«=∞x P^ÕtOKå~°∞.136 JÖψQ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å HõO~î°ã¨ÎO ÖËx
=ºH˜ÎH˜ PÜ«∞#
''ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï, =ÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï, =ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï, =ÖϡǨï
JHõƒ~ü, =ÖÏ Ç¨Ï∫ÖÏ =ÖÏ Y∞=fi`« WÖÏ¡ aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï—— Jx ѨiîOK«=∞x LѨ^ÕtO
Kå~°∞.137
''#=∂A#∞ ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——x L^ÕÌtOz PÜ«∞# WOHÍ WÖÏ
J<åfl~°∞: h‰õΩ Y∞~üP<£ H˘O`≥·<å *Ï˝Ñ¨HõO LO>Ë ^•xfl ѨiîOK«∞. ÖËHõáÈ`Õ
134. W=∂"£∞ ÉÏr ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: nx J~°÷O JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ D ã¨∂H˜Î :
"Õ∞=Ú h‰õΩ U_»∞ PÜ«∞`«∞Å#∞ ~ÚKåÛO. Wq
=∂\˜=∂\˜H© ѨiîOѨ^Œy#q. WOHÍ h‰õΩ =∞ǨÏ`«Î~°"≥∞ÿ# Y∞~üP<£#∞ „Ѩ™êkOKå=Ú.
(Ç≤Ï„*ò :87) nx ¿Ñ~°∞ 'U_»∞— Jx ÃÑ@ì|_»\ÏxH˜ HÍ~°}O nxÖ’ U_»∞ PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞
=Ù<åfl~Ú. =∂\˜=∂\˜H© ѨiîOѨ^Œy#q Jx J#_®xH˜ HÍ~°}O Wk „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
ѨiîOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok. nx „Ѩ`ÕºHõ`«#∞ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ =ÙOK«∞H˘<Õ nxx =∞ǨÏ`«Î~° Y∞~üP<£
Jx ã¨OÉ’kèOK«|_çOk. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ kºY∞~üP<£Ö’x „Ѩfn =∞ǨÏ`«Î~°"≥∞ÿ#^Õ.
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ - ɡ`· ∞« ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ (JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ QÆ$ǨÏO) Jx HÍÉÏ#∞ Ñ≤Å∞™êÎ~∞° . =∞i K«∂_»É’`Õ
QÆ$ǨÅhfl JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ"Õ. HÍh, Q˘Ñ¨Ê`«#O, „Ѩ`Õº`«#∞ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ =ÙOK«∞H˘x ɡ·`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
Jx ˆH=ÅO HÍÉÏ<Õ Ñ≤Å∞™êÎ~°∞.
135. #™ê~Ú, ǨH˜"£∞ - `«#∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
136. |∞MÏs-A*ò JÖò d~å YÅѶ٨ Öò W=∂"£∞-#O^Œ∞ ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À nxx LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
137. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/80/2), ǨH˜"£∞, `«„ÉÏh, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£. nxx
WɡflÇ≤ÏÉσ<£ =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨H˜"£∞ 'ã¨Ç‘Ï—QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnã¨∞<≥O.303.

116

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

'JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌeÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü, ÖÏ WÖÏǨÏ
WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ—— Jx JO@∂ LO_»∞.138

[ÇπÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O
~°^ŒÌ~Ú# (J) q+¨Ü«∞O QÆ∞iOz
[ÇπÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ =ÚHõÎnÅ∞ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O
KÕ¿ãO^Œ∞‰õΩ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) =ÚO^Œ∞ J#∞=∞u WzÛ=Ù<åfl~°∞.
HÍx XHõ™êi UO [iyO^ŒO>Ë, PÜ«∞# Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂AÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O
KÕÜ«∞™êQÍ~°∞. HÍx Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«\ÏxH˜ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ KåÖÏ W|ƒOk Z^Œ∞Ô~·Ok.
#=∂A =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# (=ÚHõnÎ Å#∞ L^ÕtÌ Oz) ''|Ǩïâß g∞~°∞ W=∂"£∞
"≥#∞Hõ #∞Oz Y∞~üP<£ Ѩiãî ∞¨ OÎ \ψ~"≥∂ Hõ^•!——Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. ^•xH˜ "å~°∞ ''J=Ù#∞
^≥=· „Ѩ=HÍÎ! "Õ∞=Ú `«fi~°`fi« ~°QÍ139 Ѩiãî ∂¨ Î LO\Ï=Ú—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞#
''=^Œ∞Ì, Z=iÔH·<å á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«=Åã≤ LO>Ë `«Ñ¨Ê, JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞HõO_ç.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ^•xfl ѨiîOK«HõáÈ`Õ Jã¨Å∞ #=∂*Ë <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.140
P `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# [ÇπÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ =ÚHõnÎ Å∞ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~#°î O KÕÜ∞« ~å^Œx
K≥áêÊ~°∞. D ã¨OѶ¨∞@# ZѨÙÊ_»∞ [iyO^ŒO>Ë, PÜ«∞# U^À [ÇπÏs #=∂A
=ÚyOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. (Jk Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂A Jx =∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ LOk).
JѨÙÊ_®Ü«∞# (=ÚHõnÎ Å#∞ L^ÕtÌ Oz) ''WO^•Hõ g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~<· å <å`Àáê@∞ Y∞~üP<£
ѨiîOKå~å?—— Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. JO^Œ∞‰õΩ XHõ`«#∞ ''J=Ù#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! <Õ#∞ Jx
XѨÙʉõΩ<åfl_»∞. J`«x =∂@ qx ''J^Õ JO@∞<åfl#∞.
138. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡l - `«#∞ nxx ǨÏã¨<£QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ nx
Ѩ~°OѨ~° 'ã¨Ç‘Ï—QÍ =ÙOk. ã¨Ç‘Ï J|∂^•=Ó^£-807.
139. ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ 'ǨÏ[˚— J#fl Ѩ^ŒO =ÙOk. JO>Ë - ѨiîOKÕ"å_ç`À Hõeã≤ ѨiîOKÕ xq∞`«ÎO
`«fi~°`«fi~°QÍ Ñ¨iîOK«_»O Jx J~°÷O.
140. |∞MÏs - A*ò JÖò d~å YÅѶ٨ Öò W=∂"£∞, J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£, ui‡l, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl.
nxx ui‡l =∞iÜ«Ú ^•Ô~Y∞ufl 'ǨÏã¨<£—QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
(J) W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O QÆ∞iOz, ѨÙã¨ÎHõ L~°∂Ì J#∞"å^Œ‰õΩÅ∞
¿+Mò J|∞ÌÖò ÉÏs Ѷ¨`«Ç¨ïÖÏ¡ =∞^Œh QÍi "åºMϺ#O ¿Ñr <≥O.23 #∞O_ç 29 =~°‰õΩ
K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

117

Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~#°î OÖ’ <å ã¨fi~åxH˜ =∞~À ã¨fi~°O _èHô ˘O@∞O^Õq∞\Ï?141 Jx—— JO@∂
PÜ«∞# (Pâ◊Û~°ºO "≥e|∞KåÛ~°∞).
(J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) WÖÏ q=iã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞) : ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) <À@ D =∂@ q#fl `«~åfi`« #∞Oz „Ѩ[Å∞ [ÇπÏs
#=∂AÖ’¡ PÜ«∞#`À áê@∞ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«@O =∂<Õâß~°∞. (J~Ú`Õ ã≤„s
#=∂AÖ’¡ =∂„`«O ֒֒ѨŠѨiîOKÕ "å~°∞)142
W=∂"£∞ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩiîã¨∞Î#flѨÙÊ_»∞ =∞ø#OQÍ LO_»\Ïxfl PÜ«∞# ѨiѨÓ~°‚
J#∞ã¨~°}QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
''W=∂=Ú#∞ xÅ|>Ëìk J`«xfl J#∞ã¨iK«@O HÀã¨"Õ∞. Hõ#∞Hõ W=∂=Ú
''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx J#flѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_®
''JÖϡǨï
JHõƒ~ü—— Jx J#O_ç. J`«#∞ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩiî¿ãÎ g∞~°∞ =∞ø#OQÍ LO_»O_ç—— Jx
PÜ«∞# „ѨɒkèOKå~°∞.143
=ÚHõÎnʼnõΩ W=∂"£∞ KÕ¿ã Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#"Õ∞ ã¨iáÈ`«∞O^Œx x~°‚~ÚOK«@O
=O\˜^Õ Wk ‰õÄ_®#∞. PÜ«∞# U=∞<åfl~°O>Ë, ''XHõ =ºH˜ÎH˜ W=∂=Ú L#fl@¡~Ú`Õ
W=∂"£∞ KÕ¿ã Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O P =ºH˜Î KÕ¿ã Ѩ~î°#OQÍ ‰õÄ_® ÉèÏqOK«|_»∞
`«∞Ok.——144 U"≥∞ÿ<å Wk [ÇπÏs #=∂AʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# q+¨Ü«∞O.
141. Y`åÎc ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: nx XHõ J~°O÷ - 'XHõi ã¨fi~°O =∞~˘Hõi ã¨fi~°O`À _èHô ˘O@∂
<åÃÑ· PkèѨ`«ºO á⁄O^Œ_®xH˜ „Ѩܫ∞`«flO [~°∞QÆ∞`ÀOk Jx. =∞~À J~°÷O - XHõi
`«~åfi`« =∞~˘Hõ~°∞ UHõ^è•\˜QÍ =∂\Ï¡_»_»O. nxx '=∞^Œºáê#O ¿ãqOK«|_Õ ã≤÷uÖ’
„Ѩ[Å =∞^茺 [iˆQ "åQÍfi^ŒO ÖÏO\˜ ã≤÷u— Jx ‰õÄ_® J#=K«∞Û.
(D P[˝ `«~åfi`«) ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅ∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) "≥#∞Hõ ѨiOî K«_O»
=∂#∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. XHõ"Õà◊ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ J~°÷O ã¨Ô~·#^ÕÎ`Õ - ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ∞ ѨiîOK«_»O P¿Ñ"å~°∞
HÍ^Œ∞. ˆH=ÅO W=∂"£∞ Ѩ~î°#OÖ’ `«Å^Œ∂ˆ~Û"å~°∞ HÍ~°∞. (JO>Ë "≥∞Å¡QÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞)
142. =∂eH±, Ǩï"≥∞ÿn, |∞MÏs-A*ò JÖò d~å YÅѶ¨ÙÖò W=∂"£∞, J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£,
=∞Ǩq∞b (6/139/1). nxx ui‡l ǨÏã¨<£ Jx, J|∂ Ǩu"£∞ ~år, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£
=∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºOÅ∞ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
143. Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (1/97/1), J|∂^•=Ó^£, =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, =Úã¨fl^£ ~°∂Ü«∂h
(24/119/1). nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.332, 394 #O^Œ∞
KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
144. Wɡfl JcÃ+É· Ï (1/97/1),^•Ô~Y∞ufl, Wɡfl =∂*Ï, `«Ç¨ g, W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ - =Úã¨fl^£

118

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O qkè
WHõáÈ`Õ ã≤„s #=∂AÅ q+¨Ü«∞O - ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) D q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ „Ѩ[efl W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOKÕ q^è•#OÃÑ·<Õ
LO_»xKåÛ~°∞. (D q^è•<åxfl =∂„`«O PÜ«∞# =∂~°ÛÖË^Œ∞). *Ïa~ü (~°lJÖϡǨï
J#∞›) Hõ^äŒ#O: W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ A„ÇπÏ =∞iÜ«Ú J„ãπ #=∂AÅ∞ KÕã¨∞Î#flѨÙÊ_»∞
"Õ∞=Ú "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞ =∞ˆ~^Œ~Ú<å ã¨∂~å#∞
ѨiîOKÕ"åà◊§O. z=i Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ =∂„`«O ˆH=ÅO á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ
"åà◊§O.145
Hˆ =ÅO Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~#°î O =¸ÅOQÍ `«#‰õΩ W|ƒOk HõeyOz# q+¨Ü∂« xfl
=∂„`«"Õ∞ PÜ«∞# J~Ú+¨ìѨ_®¤~°∞. Wk ZѨÙÊ_»∞ [iyO^ŒO>Ë, PÜ«∞# `«#
ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ A„ÇπÏ #=∂A KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞. #=∂A =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞#
''g∞Ö’
'ã¨aƒÇ≤Ï㨇~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ— ѨiîOz#^≥=~°∞?—— Jx
J_çQÍ~°∞. XHõ ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞_»∞ =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ =zÛ ''<Õ#∞ ѨiîOKå#∞—— (J~Ú`Õ =∞Oz
L^ÕâÌ O◊ `À<Õ <Õ#∞ ^•xfl ѨiOî Kå#∞) J<åfl_»∞. J`«x =∂@ qx PÜ«∞# ''Y∞~üP<£
Ѩ~î°#OÖ’ <å`À Z=~À Ѷ¨∞~°¬} Ѩ_ç#@∞ì JxÑ≤OzOk JO^Œ∞ˆH<å?—— J<åfl~°∞.146
"Õ~˘Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ WÖÏ LOk: ''[#O ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨ÅO¡ ) "≥#∞Hõ (#=∂AÖ’) Y∞~üP<£ Ѩiãî ∞¨ OÎ _Õ"å~°∞. (Jn aQÆ~æ Q° Í Ñ¨iOî KÕ"å~°∞).
JѨÙÊ_®Ü«∞# "åi`À ''(g∞~°∞ <å Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~<°î åxfl (g∞ Ѩ~#°î O`À) HõÅQÍѨÙÅQÆO
KÕâß~°∞—— J<åfl~°∞.147)
PÜ«∞# WOHÍ WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: #=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î (#=∂AÖ’) `«# „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù`À
=∞iÜ«Ú =Ú~°ûÖò Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À Z<Àfl ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. ¿+Y∞Öò W™ê¡O Wɡfl
`≥·q∞Ü«∂ nxx |Å"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O J|∞ÌÖò Ǩk JÖòѶ¨Ù~°∂ (48/2) Ö’ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞. nx H˘xfl Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å#∞ É’ã‘s ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
D q+¨Ü«∞OÃÑ· <Õ#∞ qѨÙÅOQÍ K«iÛOKå#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõOÖ’ nx
Ѩ~°OѨ~°ÅxflO\˜h „HÀ_ôHõiOKå#∞, `«^Œ∞Ѩi W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O. 500
#O^Œ∞ ‰õÄ_® g\˜x q=iOKå#∞.
145. Wɡfl=∂*Ï - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - ǨÏnãπ <≥O.506
#O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
146. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, ã≤~å*ò
147. |∞MÏs - A*ò JÖÏ d~å YÅѶ¨ÙÖò W=∂"£∞, JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

119

QÆ∞ã¨QÆ∞ã¨ÖÏ_»∞`å_»∞. Hõ#∞Hõ `«# QÆ∞ã¨QÆ∞ã¨Ö’¡ U=∞x ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`«∞<åfl_À J`«#∞
PÖ’zOK«∞HÀ"åe. JÖψQ g∞~°∞ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ XHõiHõO>Ë XHõ~°∞
Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ â◊ÉÏÌÅ∞ fÜ«∞HõO_ç. 148
PÜ«∞# WOHÍ WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: Z=Ô~·<å Y∞~üP<£Ö’ XHõ¯ JHõ∆~°O
ѨiîOz<å JO^Œ∞‰õΩ J`«xH˜ XHõ ѨÙ}ºO Åaèã¨∞ÎOk. XHõ ѨÙ}ºO Ѩk Ô~@¡‰õΩ
''JeѶπ ÖÏ"£∞ g∞"£∞—— XˆH XHõ¯ JHõ∆~°O
ã¨=∂#OQÍ „ѨuѶ¨ÅO `≥ã¨∞ÎOk.
Jx <Õ#∞ K≥ѨÊ#∞. ÃÑ·QÍ (<å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’) JeѶπ, ÖÏ"£∞, g∞"£∞ "Õˆ~fi~°∞
JHõ∆~åÅ∞.149

W=∂"£∞, =ÚHõÎnÅ∞ W~°∞=Ù~°∂ aQÆæ~°QÍ Pg∞<£ ѨÅHõ@O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O =ÚyOz#
`«~åfi`« ã¨fi~åxfl ™êQÆnã¨∂Î aQÆæ~°QÍ
''Pg∞<£—— Jx J<Õ"å~°∞.150
=ÚHõÌnÅ∞ W=∂=Ú `«~åfi`« "≥O@<Õ
'Pg∞<£— K≥áêÊÅx P*Ï˝Ñ≤ã¨∂Î
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ''W=∂=Ú
'ÔQ·iÖò =∞Q∑^Œ∂a JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï"£∞ =Å^•fib¡<£— Jx
'Pg∞<£— Jx ѨÅHõO_ç. (ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ^≥=· ^Œ∂`«Å∞ Pg∞<£
J#flѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∂
ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`å~°∞. WOHÍ W=∂=Ú Pg∞<£ Jx ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`å_»∞). ("Õ~˘Hõ LÖË¡Y#OÖ’,
'W=∂=Ú
Pg∞<£— Jx ѨeH˜#ѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∞ ‰õÄ_® Pg∞<£ ѨÅHõO_ç Jx
148. =∂eH±, |∞MÏs - JѶπPÖò JÖò WÉÏ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
<À\ò : W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ [ǨÏs #=∂AÖ’¡ H͉õΩO_®, ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å
Ѩ~î°#O ã¨Ô~·#^Œ#fl ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}Ïxfl W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ =∞iÜ«Ú XHõ LÖË¡Y#O „ѨHÍ~°O
W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê t+¨µºÅ∞ W=∂"£∞ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ Hõey =Ù<åfl~°∞. D ^Œ$+≤Hì À}Ï<Õfl
=ÚÖÏ¡ Jb MÏs =∞iÜ«Ú H˘O`« =∞Ok ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ LÅ=∂Å∞ ‰õÄ_® ã‘fiHõiOKå~°∞.W=∂"£∞
A„Ç‘Ï, =∂eH± a<£ J#ãπ, J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =ÚÉÏ~°H± =∞iÜ«Ú JǨχ^£ a<£ ǨÏO|Öò
=∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ XHõ ã¨=¸Ç¨Ï=Ú Jaè„áêÜ«∞O ‰õÄ_® ~Ú^Õ.
¿+Y∞Öò W™ê¡O Wɡfl `≥·q∞Ü«∂ ‰õÄ_® D Jaè„áêÜ«∂<Õfl ã‘fiHõiOKå~°∞.
149. ui‡l, ǨH˜"∞£ -ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À, Pls - ǨÏ=∞Å`«∞Öò Y∞~üP<£Ö’ nxx LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
nx `«„v*ò 'Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏǨϗ - 660 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ∞« |_çOk. ~ÚHõ ''W=∂"£∞ "≥#∞Hõ (Y∞~üP<£)
ѨiîOKÕ "åi <À\’¡ Jyfl xOѨ|_»∞`«∞Ok—— J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞ q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ Jk 'HõeÊ`«
ǨÏnã¨∞—.
150. |∞MÏs - A*ò JÖò d~å YÅѶ¨ÙÖò W=∂"£∞, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

120

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

LOk). ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ Z=i
'Pg∞<£— ѨÅ∞‰õΩ ^≥=· ^Œ∂`«Å
'Pg∞<£— ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`À HõÅ∞ã¨∞ÎO^À, "Õˆ~ =∂@Ö’¡ WÖÏ LOk: g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å
#=∂AÖ’
'Pg∞<£— Jx ѨeH˜, ^≥·=^Œ∂`«Å∞ ‰õÄ_® PHÍâ◊OÖ’
'Pg∞<£— Jx ѨeH˜, W~°∞=Ùi ѨÅ∞‰õΩÅ∂ Ѩ~°ã¨Ê~°O ã¨=∞#fiÜ«∞O K≥Ok#@¡~Ú`Õ
J`«x ѨÓ~°fiѨ٠áêáêÅhfl =∞xflOK«|_» `å~Ú.151 ''g∞~°∞
'Pg∞<£— ѨÅHõO_ç,
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ q∞=∞‡efl „¿Ñq∞™êÎ_»∞—— Jx "Õ~˘Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ LOk.152
''g∞~°∞ Ѩ~㰠ʨ ~°O XHõiH˘Hõ~∞° ã¨ÖÏO KÕã∞¨ HÀ=@O, W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ Pg∞<£
ѨÅHõ@O- D q+¨Ü∂« Ö’¡ g∞ÃÑ#· Jã¨∂Ü«∞ K≥Ok#O`«QÍ Ü«¸^Œ∞Å∞ =∞ˆ~ q+¨Ü∞« O
Ö’#∂ Jã¨∂Ü«∞ K≥O^ŒÖË^Œ∞—— Jx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ"å~°∞.153
151. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, ^•iq∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ =Úã≤¡O, ^•iq∞ J^Œ#OQÍ á⁄_çyOKå~°∞.
ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü 'Ѷ`¨ Ç« ï¨ Öò ÉÏs— #O^Œ∞ nxx J|∂^•=Ó^£ "≥Ñ· Ù¨ #‰õΩ PáêkOK«_O»
PÜ«∞# =Å¡ [iy# XHõ á⁄~°áê@∞. ǨÏnã¨∞ J^Œ#Ѩ٠Ѩ^•Å∞ W=∂"£∞ Pg∞<£
J#‰õÄ_»^Œ∞ J<Õ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}Ïxfl ~°^Œ∞Ì KÕã¨∞Î<åfl~Ú. JO^Œ∞ˆH - Wɡfl
ǨÏ[~ü WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D ǨÏnã¨∞ - W=∂"£∞ (‰õÄ_®) Pg∞<£ ѨÅHÍe Jx
J#_®xH˜ „Ѩ|Å x^Œ~°≈#O.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ô~O_»= Ѩ^ŒO ‰õÄ_® nxH˜ ™êH˜∆.
Wɡfl J|∞ÌÖò |„~ü 'J`«Î"£∞Ç‘Ï^£— (7/13) #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
™ê=∂#º „Ѩ*ÏhHõO ^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}O ~Ú^Õ. giÖ’ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± ‰õÄ_® KÕi =Ù<åfl~°∞.
HÍ~°}O, =∞n<å"åã¨∞Å∞ D q+¨Ü«∞O QÆ∞iOz PÜ«∞# ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOz =Ù<åfl~°∞.
JO`ÕQÍHõ, D ǨÏnã¨∞ J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å =∞iÜ«Ú "å~ÚÖò a<£ Ǩï„*òÅ ^•fi~å ã¨Ç‘Ï
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOK«|_ç LOk.
152. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
153. |∞MÏs - JÖò J^Œ|∞Öò =ڄѶ¨^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò Ô~O_»∞ ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°Å`À.
<À\ò: =ÚYÎnÅ∞ W=∂"£∞`À áê>Ë 'Pg∞<£— ѨÅHÍe. ™ê^è•~°}OQÍ „Ѩ[Å∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ
=ÚO^Œ∞QÍh, `«~åfi`« QÍh ѨÅHõ_»O KÕã¨∂Î =ÙO\Ï~°∞. Wk ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞. <å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ D
^Œ$+≤Hì À}"Õ∞ ã¨~Ô #· k. D q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞ <Õ#∞ 'J[˚~¸á¶ê (952) =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨ÇÏ‘ J`«~Î wü Éò—1/205 #O^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° ~°K«#ÅÖ’ q=iOKå#∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

121

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Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«@O
á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O `«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
=∞ˆ~^Œ~Ú<å ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ "å~°∞. XHÀ¯™êi P Ѩ~î°<åxfl ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
=∞iH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ PÜ«∞# „Ѩܫ∂}O =Å¡, ÖËHõ ^ŒQÆ∞æ=Å¡ ÖËHõ "åºkè =Å¡ ÖËHõ
Z=Ô~·<å Ñ≤Å¡"å_ç U_»∞Ѩ٠=Å¡ P Ѩ~î°<åxfl ã¨OH˜∆ѨÎOQÍ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. nxH˜
ã¨O|OkèOz J#ãπ a<£ =∂eH± (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) q=~°} Wk: XHõ~ÀA
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂A `ÕeHõQÍ154 (‰õΩ¡Ñ¨ÎOQÍ)
KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞. (=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ 'PÜ«∞# Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂*ò KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞. JO^Œ∞Ö’
PÜ«∞# Y∞~üP<£Ö’x ~Ô O_»∞ Ju z#fl ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiOî Kå~°∞— Jx LOk). ^ =·≥ „Ѩ=HÍÎ!
''g∞~°∞ #=∂A#∞ WO`« `ÕeHõQÍ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞?—— Jx PÜ«∞xfl
„ѨtflOK«@O [iyOk. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# ã¨=∂^è•#q∞ã¨∂Î ''<å‰õΩ (#=∂AÖ’) Z=~À
z#flÑ≤Å¡"å_ç U_»∞Ѩ٠qxÑ≤OzOk. |Ǩïâß J`«x `«e¡ ‰õÄ_® =∞#`Àáê@∞
#=∂*ò KÕ™ÈÎO^Õ"≥∂ Jx <å‰õΩ JxÑ≤OzOk. JO^Œ∞Hõx P `«e¡x Ñ≤Å¡"å_ç
HÀã¨O fiHõ Ѩ~°∞^•Ì=∞<Õ L^ÕÌâ◊O`À <Õ#∞ JÖÏ KÕâß#∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.155
''ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ #=∂A KÕÜ«∂Å<Õ L^ÕÌâ◊O`À <Õ#∞ #=∂A "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ_»`å#∞.
HÍx Z=Ô~<· å Ñ≤Å"¡ å_»∞ U_»∞ã¨∞#Î fl@∞ì â◊|OÌ q#|_ç`Õ ^•xfl ã¨OH˜Ñ∆ OΨ QÍ =Úy™êÎ#∞.
^•xH˜ HÍ~°}O Ñ≤Å¡"å_ç U_»∞Ѩ٠=¸ÅOQÍ J`«x `«e¡ =∞#ã¨∞ ZO`« ÉÏ^èŒÑ¨_»∞
`«∞O^À <å‰õΩ `≥Å∞ã¨∞—— Jx PÜ«∞# K≥|∞`«∞O_Õ"å~°∞.156
PÜ«∞# ã¨∂~å „áê~°OÉèíO #∞Oz Ѩ~î°#O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ_»`å~°∞. ã¨~°fi™ê^è•
~°}OQÍ P ã¨∂~å =ÚyOѨ٠=~°‰õΩ Ѩiî™êÎ~°∞.157 ''~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÅ`À „Ѩu
154. D ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å - Ñ≤Å¡Å#∞ =∞ã≤˚^£ ֒ѨʼnõΩ fã¨∞ÔHà◊§_®xH˜ P^è•~°O Åaèã¨∞ÎOk.
WHõ „Ѩ[Ö’¡ ÉÏQÍ „áêK«∞~°ºO á⁄Ok#-g∞ =∞ã≤˚^£Å#∞ Ñ≤Å¡Å #∞O_ç HÍáê_»O_ç J<Õ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ, Wk J`«ºO`« |ÅÇ‘Ï# ǨÏnã¨∞. xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ, nxx
XHõ „áê=∂}˜Hõ P^è•~°OQÍ fã¨∞HÀ=_»O U =∂„`«O ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞. nxx |ÅÇ‘Ï#OQÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕã≤# LÅ=∂ÅÖ’ Wɡfl JÖò*∫r, =ÚOki, ÃÇ·Ïuq∞, Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü =∞iÜ«Ú
É’ã‘sÅ∞ =Ù<åfl~°∞. J|∞ÌÖò ǨÏMò W+πcb nxx HõeÊ`«OQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
155. JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. Ô~O_»= ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ Wɡfl Jc^•=Ó^£ - =∞™êÇ≤ÏѶπ (4/
14/2) #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
156. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
157. D q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ P^è•~åÅ ÖÏQÍ Z<Àfl ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ =KåÛ~Ú. q=~åÅ∞ =ÚO^Œ∞
~åÉ’`«∞<åfl~Ú.

122

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ã¨∂~å ǨωõΩ¯#∞ <≥~°"Õ~°ÛO_ç—— Jx K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞.158
''„Ѩu ã¨∂~å‰õΩ XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞—— Jx PÜ«∞# K≥Ñ≤Ê#@∞¡ "Õ~˘Hõ LÖË¡Y#OÖ’
159
LOk.
H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ PÜ«∞# XˆH ã¨∂~å#∞ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ qÉèílOz
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.160 =∞iH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ J^Õ ã¨∂~å#∞ Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂
ã¨OѨÓiÎQÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞.161 WOH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ Ô~O_»∞ ÖËHõ
JO`«HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.162
XHõ J<åûs ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞_»∞ (ã¨Ç¨c) (Y∞ÉÏ) =∞ã≤˚^£Ö’ „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ #=∂*ò
KÕ~ÚOKÕ"å~°∞. U^≥·<å ã¨∂~å163 ѨiîOK«^Œe¿ãÎ ^•xH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞
'Y∞ÖòǨï =ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£— ѨiîOK«@O PÜ«∞# JÅ"å@∞. ^•x `«~åfi`Õ PÜ«∞#
"Õˆ~ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ PÜ«∞# WÖψQ KÕã¨∞ÎO_Õ"å~°∞.
„Ѩ[Å∞ PÜ«∞#`À WÖÏ q#flqOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞: g∞~°∞ `˘Å∞`«
'Y∞ÖòÇï¨
=šǨï JǨÏ^£— Ѩiî™êÎ~°∞. |Ǩïâß g∞~°∞ #=∂A HÀã¨O P Ѩ~î°#O ã¨iáÈ^Œx
ÉèÏq™êÎ~À U"≥∂! P `«~åfi`« "Õ~˘Hõ ã¨∂~å Ѩi™î êÎ~∞° . K«∂_»O_ç! g∞~°∞
'Y∞ÖòÇï¨ =ÖÏ¡Çï¨ JǨÏ^£— ã¨∂~å J~Ú<å ѨiOî K«O_ç, ÖË^OŒ >Ë ^•xfl =^ŒeÃÑ>Ëãì ≤
=∞ˆ~^Œ~Ú<å ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«O_ç. JO^Œ∞‰õΩ P J<åûs ã¨Ç¨c "åi`À ''<Õ#∞
158. Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (1/100/1), JǨχ^£, ã¨∞#<£ J|∞ÌÖò QÆh JÖò =∞Mòkã‘ (9/2) - ã¨Ç‘Ï
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
159. Wɡfl #ã¨~ü, `«Ç¨g - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
<å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ ǨÏnã¨∞ J~°÷O ~Úk: „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ѨÓiÎ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«O_ç, `«^•fi~å P
~°HÍ`«∞‰õΩ P ã¨∂~å ^•fi~å ѨÓiΠǨωõΩ¯ Åaèã¨∞ÎOk.
~åÉ’ÜÕ∞ P^è•~åÅ ^•fi~å (ѨiîOK«_»OÖ’) - ã¨∂~åÅ =~°∞㨄Hõ=∞O L`«Î=∞O, HÍh
`«Ñ¨Êxã¨i =∂„`«O HÍ^Œ∞ - J#fl q+¨Ü«∞O `≥Å∞ã¨∞ÎOk.
160. JǨχ^£, J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ - Ô~O_»∞ Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À.
Ѷ¨[~ü #=∂AÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O J^蕺ܫ∂xfl K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
161. ~ÚÖÏ PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂AÖ’ KÕâß~°∞. =Ú#∞‡O^Œ∞ D
q+¨Ü«∞O ~åÉ’`ÀOk.
162. nx q=~°} =∞iÜ«Ú qâı¡+¨} =ÚO^Œ∞ ~åÉ’`ÀOk.
163. JO>Ë á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å `«~åfi`«.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

123

'Y∞ÖòǨï=ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£— Ѩ~î°#O =∂#∞HÀÖË#∞. <Õ#∞ D q^èŒOQÍ
#=∂*ò KÕ~ÚOK«@O g∞‰õΩ W+¨=ì ∞~Ú`Õ ã¨i† ÖËHáõ È`Õ <Õ#∞ W=∂=∞`ü (ÉÏ^躌 `«Å∞)
=^ŒeÃÑ@ì\ÏxH˜ ‰õÄ_® ã≤^Œú"Õ∞—— Jx (`≥ˆQã≤) K≥áêÊ~°∞. J~Ú`Õ PÜ«∞# "≥#∞Hõ
#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã "åi ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ PÜ«∞# KåÖÏ Q˘Ñ¨Ê =º‰õΩÎÅ HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok#"å~°∞.
JO^Œ∞Hõx "Õ~˘Hõ~°∞ `«=∞‰õΩ #=∂*ò KÕ~ÚOK«@O "åiH˜ W+¨ìOÖË^Œ∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Y∞ÉωõΩ =zÛ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ "å~°∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ D ã¨OQÆu
`≥eÜ«∞*Ëâß~°∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) P ã¨Ç¨cx L^ÕÌtOz
''q∞„`«=∂! #∞=Ùfi g∞ "åà◊¡ =∂@ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ q#_»O ÖË^Œ∞? „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂
#∞=Ùfi `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_®
'Y∞ÖòǨï =ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£— ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ Ѩiîã¨∂Î
LO\Ï=Ù?—— Jx „ѨtflOKå~°∞. ^•xHõ`«#∞ ''P ã¨∂~å JO>Ë <å‰õΩ KåÖÏ W+¨ìO——
J<åfl_»∞. J`«x =∂@ qx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ''P ã¨∂~å
Ѩ@¡ h „¿Ñ=∞ x#∞fl ã¨fi~°æã¨∞Î}˜‚ KÕã≤Ok—— J<åfl~°∞.164

áÈeHõÅ∞ QÆÅ, XˆH q^èŒ"≥∞ÿ# ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ HõeÑ≤ ѨiîOK«@O
'=ÚѶ㨠û¨ Öò—‰õΩ K≥Ok# áÈeHõÅ∞ QÆÅ165 XˆH q^è"Œ ∞≥ #ÿ ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) HõeÑ≤ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ PÜ«∞#
ã¨∂~Ô J~ü ~°Ç¨ ‡<£ (55 : 78)166#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
ã¨∂Ô~ J<£ #*ò‡ (53:62) #∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. JÖψQ
164. |∞MÏs - `åbMò ~°∂ѨOÖ’, ui‡l - =∞øã¨∂ÖòQÍ LÖË¡dOz ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
165. JO>Ë - J~°÷O s`åº XˆH ÖÏQÆ∞O_Õ ã¨∂~åÅ∞.
L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ - P Ô~O_ç\’¡#∂ Ç≤Ï`«É’^èŒÅ∞, P^ÕâßÅ∞, =$`åÎO`åÅ∞ =ÙO\Ï~Ú.
=ÚѶ¨ã¨ûÖò ã¨∂~åÅ =ÚyOѨ٠ѨO_ç`«∞Å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ xã¨ûO^ÕǨÏOQÍ Y∞~üP<£ =ÚyO¿Ñ.
ã¨Ô~·# Jaè„áêÜ«∞O „ѨHÍ~°O g\˜ P~°OÉèíO MÏѶπ ã¨∂~å`À J=Ù`«∞Ok.
166. "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ <≥O|~°∞ ã¨∂~åk HÍQÍ Ô~O_»=k ^•xÖ’x PÜ«∞`üÅ <≥O|~°∞#∞ ã¨∂zã¨∞ÎOk.
D <≥O|~°¡#∞ "ÕÜ«∞_»O ^•fi~å =∞#‰õΩ qâ◊^ŒÜ«∞=∞ÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü«∞ "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - XˆH
ÖÏQÆ∞#fl Z<Àfl ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ Hõey ѨiîOK«_»OÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) =~°∞㨠„Hõ=∂xfl áê\˜OK«ÖË^Œ∞. Hõ#∞Hõ, (Ѩ~î°OK«_»OÖ’) k=ºY∞~üP<£ =~°∞ã¨
„Hõ=∂xfl áê\˜OK«HõáÈ=_»O ‰õÄ_® ã¨=∞‡`«"Õ∞ Jx nx ^•fi~å ~°∂_èç J~ÚºOk.
=~°∞㨠„Hõ=∂xfl áê\˜OK«_»O L`«Î=∞O J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H©. nxH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz# =∞ixfl
q=~åÅ∞ '`«Ç¨ÏA˚^£Ö’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O— J^蕺ܫ∞OÖ’ ~åÉ’`«∞<åfl~Ú.

124

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ã¨∂Ô~ WMò`«~°|`ü (54 : 55)#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
ã¨∂~Ô JÖò ǨYöÇÏπ (69:52)#∞ HõeÑ≤ XHõ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.
ã¨∂Ô~ J`ü `«∂~ü (52:49)#∞,
ã¨∂Ô~ J*ò *ÏiÜ«∂`ü (51 :
60)#∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞. WOHÍ
W*Ï =YJ`ü
ã¨∂~å (56 : 96)#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨∂Ô~ #∂<£ (68 : 52)#∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
ã¨JÅ ™êWÖò ã¨∂~å (70:44) =∞iÜ«Ú
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
J<åfllP`ü 㨠∂ ~å(79:46)#∞ XHõ ~° H Í`« ∞ Ö’ Ѩ i î O KÕ " å~° ∞ .
"≥·Å∞Öò eÖò =Ú`«Ñ¶≤ÊùѶ‘<£ ã¨∂~å (83:36)#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
J|㨠ã¨∂~å (80:42)#∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
WOHÍ
ã¨∂Ô~ JÖò =Ú^ŒÌã≤û~ü (74:56)#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
ã¨∂~Ô JÖò =Ú[˚q∞‡Öò (73:20)#∞ XHõ ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.
JÖψ Q
Ǩ Ï Öò J `å 㨠∂ ~å (76:31)#∞ =∞iÜ« Ú
ÖÏ LMòã=≤ Ú aÜ«∞øq∞Öò dÜ«∂=∞ÇπÏ ã¨∂~å (75:40)
#∞ XˆH ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. WOHÍ
J=∞‡Ü«∞`«™ê
JÅ∂<£ ã¨∂~å (78:40)#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
=Öò =Ú~üã¨ÖÏ`ü
ã¨∂~å (77:50)#∞ XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ HõeÑ≤ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
JÖò ^Œ∞MÏ<£
ã¨∂~å (44:59)#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
W[+¨¬"£∞ã¨∞‰õΩqfi~°`ü
ã¨∂~å (81:29)#∞ ‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞# XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ HõeÑ≤ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.167
JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) 'ã¨|Ü≥∞ u"åÖò—‰õΩ
(Ju á⁄_»"#·≥ U_»∞ ã¨∂~åʼnõΩ) K≥Ok# J<ÕHõ ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ L^•Ç¨Ï~°}‰õΩ :
JÖò |Y~° ã¨∂~å#∞,
J<£ x™ê ã¨∂~å#∞ WOHÍ
Pe W„=∂<£
ã¨∂~å#∞ `«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂AÖ’x XHõ¯ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’<Õ HõeÑ≤ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞. D q+¨Ü∞« O
=ÚO^Œ∞ ѨÙ@Ö’¡ ~åÉ’`ÀOk.
''Ju ã¨∞n~°…"≥∞ÿ# dÜ«∂"£∞ Hõey# (JO>Ë Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O xq∞`«ÎO
Z‰õΩ¯= ¿ãѨ٠xÅ|_»@O [iy#) #=∂A J`«ºO`« L`«=Î ∞"≥∞#ÿ k—— Jx ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞.168
167. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
168. =Úã≤¡O, `«Ç¨g

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

125

(Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ)
''JÖˇã· ¨ *ÏeHõ a MÏki<£ JÖÏ JñÜ«ÚºÇπÏ~ÚÜ«∞Öò =∞ø`å—— Jx ѨiîOz#ѨÙÊ_»∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
''ã¨∞ÉòǨ#Hõ Ѷ¨|ÖÏ—— Jx
K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞. WOHÍ
''ã¨aƒÇ≤Ï㨇 ~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ—— ѨiOî z#ѨÙÊ_»∞
PÜ«∞#
'ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò PÖÏ— Jx ѨeˆH"å~°∞.169

á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O`À ã¨iÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=@O ‰õÄ_® ã¨=∞‡`«"Õ∞
=ÚP*ò a<£ [|Öò (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) "≥O@ (Wëê) #=∂*ò KÕã≤, JHõ¯}∞‚Oz uiQ˘zÛ `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ
#=∂*ò KÕ~Úã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞. XHõ ~å„u PÜ«∞# uiQ˘zÛ `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ
#=∂A KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞. P #=∂AÖ’ PÜ«∞# `≥QÆ (|#∂ ã¨e=∂)‰õΩ K≥Ok#
(ã¨b"£∞ J#|_Õ) XHõ Ü«Ú=‰õΩ_»∞ ‰õÄ_® L<åfl_»∞. =ÚP*ò a<£ [|Öò ã¨∞n~°…
Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O KÕã¨∞ÎO_»@O`À J`«#∞ ([=∂`«∞#∞ =^ŒeÃÑ\˜ì) =∞ã≤˚^£Ö’x XHõ
=¸Å# #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞‰õΩx |Ü«∞@‰õΩ =KåÛ_»∞. `«# XO>ˇ Hõà‹§O Ѩ@∞ì‰õΩx
"≥o§áÈ™êQÍ_»∞.
=ÚP*ò a<£ [|Öò #=∂*ò =ÚyOz# `«~åfi`« Z=~À PÜ«∞#‰õΩ D
q+¨Ü«∞O QÆ∞iOz `≥eÜ«∞*Ëâß~°∞. ^•xHÍÜ«∞# ''ã¨O^ÕǨÏOÖË^Œ∞ J`«xk HõѨ@
=∞#ã¨`Î fi« O. J`«#∞ KÕã#≤ ^•x QÆ∞iOz <Õ#∞ `«Ñʨ ‰õΩO_® ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞Ѩ~°∞™êÎ#∞—— J<åfl~°∞. (D q+¨Ü«∞O `≥Å∞ã¨∞‰õΩ#fl) P
Ü«Ú=‰õΩ_»∞ ''PÜ«∞# UO KÕã¨∞Î<åfl~À <Õ#∞ ‰õÄ_® ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞Ѩ~°∞™êÎ#∞—— Jx J<åfl_»∞.
`≥Å¡"åi# `«~åfi`« JO^Œ~°∂ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
^ŒQÆæiH˜ "≥àϧ~°∞. =ÚP*ò(~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) P Ü«Ú=‰õΩ_»∞ KÕã≤# Ѩx QÆ∞iOz
169. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
Wk Jxfl Ѩiã≤÷`«∞ʼnõΩ =iÎã¨∞ÎOk. #=∂AÖ’QÍh, #=∂A |Ü«∞@QÍh, Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂*ò
HÍh #Ѷ≤Öò #=∂A HÍh.
Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (2/132/2) - J|∂ =¸™ê J+π Js =∞iÜ«Ú =ÚÔQ·~å a<£ Ã+·ÉÏ
^•fi~å - gi^ŒÌ~°∂ Ѷ¨~ü˚ #=∂AÖ’¡ ~ÚÖÏ KÕ¿ã "å~°x LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
L=∞~ü =∞iÜ«Ú Jb (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›"£∞)Å ^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® - WÖÏ KÕ¿ã"å~°x
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞, HÍh q=~åÅ∞ LÖË¡dOK«ÖË^Œ∞.

126

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^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ x"ÕkOKå~°∞. JѨÙÊ_»∞ P Ü«Ú=‰õΩ_»∞
''^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! =ÚP*ò g∞ "≥O@ KåÖÏ ¿ãѨ\ ˜ ^•HÍ LO\Ï~°∞. g∞ ^ŒQÆæi #∞Oz
u~°Q˘zÛ =∞m¡ ã¨∞n~°…"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~î°#O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ ÃÑ_»`å~°∞—— Jx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ Ѷ≤~åº^Œ∞ KÕâß_»∞.
JѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ''=ÚP*ò! #∞=Ùfi HõÅHõÅO
ã¨$+≤ìã¨∞Î<åfl"å Uq∞\˜?—— Jx (HÍã¨Î) =∞O^ŒeOKå~°∞. `«~åfi`« P Ü«Ú=‰õΩ}˜‚
''#∞=Ùfi #=∂*ò U q^èOŒ QÍ, KÕ™êÎ=Ù?—— Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. JO^Œ∞Hõ`#« ∞ ''<Õ#∞ á¶êuǨ
ã¨∂~å Ѩiî™êÎ#∞. WOHÍ ã¨fi~°æO „Ѩ™êkOK«=∞x HÀ~°∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú #~°HõO
#∞Oz â◊~°}∞ "Õ_»∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞. <å‰õΩ g∞ =∂@Å∞QÍx, =ÚP*ò =∂@Å∞ QÍx
J~°÷O HÍ=Ù—— J<åfl_»∞. J`«x =∂@Å∞ qx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ''<å #=∂A ™ê~åOâ◊O, =ÚP*ò #=∂A ™ê~åOâ◊O ‰õÄ_® ã¨fi~åæxfl
HÀ~°∞HÀ=@O, #~°HõO #∞Oz â◊~°}O "Õ_»∞HÀ=@"Õ∞—— Jx J`«xH˜ (ã¨iÌ) K≥áêÊ~°∞.
D ǨÏnã¨∞ LÖËY¡ ‰õΩÖˇ#· *Ïa~ü a<£ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇÏπ (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) ~ÚÖÏ
`≥eÜ«∞*Ëã¨∞Î<åfl~°∞: `«~åfi`« P Ü«Ú=‰õΩ_»∞ ''â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ∞ =zÛ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ =ÚP*ò‰õΩ
x[O Uq∞\’ `«fi~°Ö’<Õ `≥eã≤áÈ`«∞Ok—— J<åfl_»∞. P ~ÀAÖ’¡ `«=∞ÃÑ· â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ∞
^•_ç KÕÜ«∞#∞<åfl ~°#fl@∞¡ „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ ã¨=∂Kå~°O JOk LOk.
*Ïa~ü a<£ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) Hõ^äŒ#O: J#∞‰õΩ#fl@∞¡QÍ<Õ
â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ∞ "åi g∞^Œ ^•_çKâÕ ß~°∞. JѨÙÊ_»∞ P Ü«Ú=‰õΩ_»∞ (â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ`À g~Àz`«OQÍ
áÈ~å_»∞`«∂) J=∞~°QÆu <˘O^•_»∞. D ã¨OѶ¨∞@# `«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) =ÚP*ò a<£ [|Öò(~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›)#∞ ''<å`À, h`À "å^Œ∞ÖÏ_ç#
"å_»∞ U=∞Ü«∂º_»∞?—— Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. JO^Œ∞ HÍÜ«∞# ''^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! J`«#∞
g~°=∞~°}O á⁄O^•_»∞. J`«#∞ x["≥∞ÿ# =Úã≤¡O. <å =ÖË¡ `«Ñ¨ÙÊ [iyáÈ~ÚOk——
J<åfl~°∞.170
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172. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
173. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
174. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѩ~î°#O 'A=∂ #=∂A—, ѨO_»QÆ #=∂A
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175. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
176. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.

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178. |∞MÏs - JѶπPÅ∞Öò WÉÏ^£, =Úã≤¡O.
179,180. J|∂^•=Ó^£, +¨=∂Ü≥∞Öò ui‡l - ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À. ‰õΩ\©~°O JO>Ë
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[ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
187. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
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189. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
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~Úk ‰õÄ_® ã¨=∞‡`«"Õ∞ Jq K≥ѨÊ_®xH˜ ~ÚÖÏ KÕâß~°x JxÑ≤™ÈÎOk.
191. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/69/2), Wɡfl |∞„™ê<£ - JÖò J=∂e, Wɡfl Jc
Ã+·ÉÏ (12/176/1). ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
192. J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

131

XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞# JO`«HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ JO>Ë J~°"≥· PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞QÍx ÖËHõ
JO`«Hõ<åfl WOHÍ Z‰õΩ¯= PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞QÍx Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.193 Wxfl PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞
PÜ«∞# XˆH ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ѨiîOKå~å ÖËHõ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ ѨiîOKå~å J#fl ã¨OQÆu
`«=∞‰õΩ W`«q∞`«úOQÍ `≥eÜ«∞^Œx H˘O`«=∞Ok LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞Ѩ_®¤~°∞.
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# ã¨∂Ô~ J~ü~°∂"£∞ (30:60) ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.194 H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡
ã¨∂Ô~ Ü«∂ã‘<£ (36:83) ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.195
XHõ™êi PÜ«∞# =∞Hͯ #QÆ~°OÖ’ Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂*ò KÕ~Úã¨∂Î JO^Œ∞Ö’ ã¨∂Ô~
JÖò=ÚJ±q∞#∂<£ (23:118) Ѩ~#°î O "≥Ú^ŒÅ∞ÃÑ\Ïì~∞° . Ѩ~#°î O ™êQÆ∞`«∂ LO_»QÍ
=¸™ê =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨~°∂<£ „Ѩ=HõÎÅ ÖËHõ D™ê „Ѩ=HõÎ196 (WHõ¯_» LÖË¡Y‰õΩxH˜
H˘O`« ã¨O^ÕǨÏO U~°Ê_çOk) „Ѩ™êÎ=# =zÛ#ѨÊ\˜H˜ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ^ŒQÆ∞æ "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·Ok.
JO^Œ∞‰õΩ (Ѩ~î°#O PÑ≤) PÜ«∞# ~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜ "≥o¡áÈÜ«∂~°∞.197
JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂ Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂A W=∂=∞`üÖ’ PÜ«∞# ã¨∂Ô~ Jãπ™êá¶êÊù`ü
(77 : 128) ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.198
A=∂ (â◊√„Hõ"å~°O) ~ÀA Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ PÜ«∞#
JeѶπ ÖÏ"£∞ g∞"£∞ `«<£rÖò Jã¨û*ÏÌ (32:30) ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
ǨÏÖò J`å JÅÖò W<£™ê<£ (76 : 31) ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.199
™ê^è•~°}OQÍ PÜ«∞# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∞n~°…"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~î°#O, Ô~O_À
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ‰õΩ¡Ñ¨Î"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~î°#O KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.200

Ѷ¨„*ò ѨÓ@ ã¨∞#fl`ü #=∂AÖ’
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѩ~î°#O
Ѷ¨„*ò ѨÓ@ ã¨∞#fl`ü #=∂AÖ’x Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
193. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
194. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, |*Ï˚~ü - =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À. W^Õ <å `«∞k Jaè„áêÜ«∞O. QÆ`«OÖ’
'`«=∂=ÚÖò q∞#fl— - 185 ¿ÑrÖ’ q=iOz#@∞¡ HÍ^Œ∞.
195. JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
196. =¸™ê (JÖˇ·Ç≤Ïã¨ûÖÏO) QÆ∞iOz 45= PÜ«∞`üÖ’ =ÙOk, =∞iÜ«Ú D™ê
(JÖˇ·Ç≤Ïã¨ûÖÏO) QÆ∞iOz 50= PÜ«∞`üÖ’ =ÙOk.
197. |∞MÏs - `åbMò ~°∂ѨOÖ’, =Úã≤¡O. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥.397
#O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
198. JǨχ^£, J|∂Ü«∂ÖÏ - `«=∞ =Úã¨fl^£ ÅÖ’, =∞Mòkã‘ - JÖò PǨÏnãπ JÖò =ÚMÏÎ~°.
199,200. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.

132

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ѩ~î°#O q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ, D #=∂AÖ’¡ PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) KÕ¿ã Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O KåÖÏ ‰õΩ¡Ñ¨ÎOQÍ201 LO_Õk. Jn ZO`«
‰õΩ¡Ñ¨ÎOQÍ LO_Õ^ŒO>Ë ^•x QÆ∞iOz (PÜ«∞# ã¨f=∞}˜) PÜ≥∞ëê (~°lJÖϡǨï
J#›) =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ ''Jã¨Å∞ PÜ«∞# á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å J~Ú<å ѨiîOKå~å ÖË^•
Jx JxÑ≤OKÕk <å‰õΩ—— Jx Jaè„áêÜ«∞Ѩ_®¤~°∞.202
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# Ѷ¨„*ò ã¨∞#fl`üÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ (2:136)

''Y∂Å∂ P=∞<åfl aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ==∂ L<£lÖ WÖˇ·<å ==∂ L<£lÖ WÖÏ
W„ÉÏÇ‘Ï=∞ = W™ê‡~¸Å = WãπǨY = Ü«∂Y∂| =Öò JãπÉÏu ==∂
TuÜ«∞ =¸™ê = D™ê ==∂ TuÜ«∞#flaÜ«¸º# q∞„~°aƒÇ≤Ï"£∞ ÖÏ
#∞Ѷ¨„iY∞ ɡ·# JǨÏk"£∞ q∞<£Ç¨ï"£∞ = #ÇπÏ#∞ ÅǨ˙ =Úã≤¡=¸<£——
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ (3 : 64)

''Y∞Öò Ü«∂ JÇπÏÅÖò H˜`åa `«PÖ∫ WÖÏ Hõe=∞u<£ ã¨"å~Ú<£ ɡ·#<å =
ɡ#· ‰õΩ"£∞ JÖÏ¡ <å|∞^Œ WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇϨ =ÖÏ #∞+πi‰õ aÇ‘Ï Ã+J
· <£ =ÖÏ Ü«∞`«dÎ [
ÉÏ^Œ∞fi<å ÉÏ^Œ<£ J~üÉÏ|"£∞ q∞<£ ^Œ∂xÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ .ѶW¨ <£ `«=Ö∫¡ ѶY¨ ∂Å∞+πÇϨ ^Œ∂
a J<åfl =Úã≤¡g∞<£—— ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.203
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ÃÑ·^•xH˜ |^Œ∞Å∞ (3 : 52)

201. JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
202. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
203. =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, ǨH˜"£∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

133

''ѶŨ =∂‡ JǨÏã¨û D™ê q∞<£Çï¨ =ÚÖò ‰õΩѶ~π ° MÏÅ=∞<£ J<£™ês WÅÖÏ¡ÇÏπ .
MÏÅÖò ǨÏ"åiÜ«¸º# #ÇπÏ#∞ J<£™ê~°∞ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï P=∞<åfl aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =+πǨÏ^£
a J<åfl =Úã≤¡=¸<£—— ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.204
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ''Y∞Öò Ü«∂ JܫںǨÏÖò HÍѶ~≤ ∂° <£—— (109:6)
ã¨∂~å, ~Ô O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ Y∞Öò Ǩï=ÖÏ¡Çï¨ JǨÏ^£ (112:4) ã¨∂~å ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.205
P Ô~O_»∞ ã¨∂~åÅ QÆ∞iOz K≥|∞`«∂ ''Wq KåÖÏ =∞Oz ã¨∂~åÅ∞—— J<Õ"å~°∞.206
XHõ`«#∞ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ 'Y∞ÖòÜ«∂ JܫںǨÏÖò HÍѶ≤~°∂<£— ã¨∂~å
Ѩiãî ∞¨ OÎ _»QÍ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) qx ''D =ºH˜Î `«# „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù#∞
qâ◊fiã≤ã¨∞Î<åfl_»∞—— J<åfl~°∞. `«~åfi`« J`«#∞ Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ''Y∞ÖòǨï=ÖϡǨï
JǨÏ^£—— ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«@O K«∂ã≤ ''W`«#∞ `«# „ѨÉèí∞=Ù#∞ QÆ∞iÎOKå_»∞—— Jx
K≥áêÊ~°∞.207

2. A„ÇπÏ #=∂A
^≥=· „Ѩ=Hõ(Î ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) A„ÇπÏ #=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~Ô O_»∞
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞ =∞~À Ô~O_»∞ ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ PÜ«∞# Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Hõ<åfl ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.208
XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞# A„ÇπÏ #=∂AÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O KåÖÏ ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ
KÕ™êÎ~°∞. P Ѩ~î°#O ZO`« ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ LO@∞O^ŒO>Ë, 'A„ÇπÏ #=∂A #_»∞ã¨∂Î<Õ
LO@∞Ok— HÍÅHõ$`åºÅ∞ f~°∞ÛHÀ"åÅ#∞‰õΩ<Õ =ºH˜Î |v "≥∞ÿ^•<åxH˜ "≥o§
HÍÅHõ$`åºÅ∞ f~°∞ÛH˘x WO\˜H˜ "≥àÏÎ_∞» . JHõ¯}∞‚Oz =ÙE KÕã∞¨ ‰õΩx uiQ˘™êÎ_∞» .
JѨÊ\˜H© ã¨∞n~°…"≥∞ÿ# Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O =¸ÅOQÍ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨ÅO¡ ) "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’<Õ LO\Ï~°∞.209 (#=∂A "≥Ú^ŒÖ#·ˇ `«~åfi`« =KÕÛ"åiH˜)
204. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
205. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
206. Wɡfl=∂*Ï, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂.
207. `«Ç¨g, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£, Wɡfl |∞„™ê<£, ǨѶ≤*ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü nxx JÖò PǨÏnãπ
JÖò PeÜ«∂`ü-16 #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOz ǨÏã¨<£QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
208. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
209. =Úã≤¡O, |∞MÏs - A*ò JÖò d~å YÅѶ¨ÙÖò W=∂"£∞.

134

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

`˘e ~°HÍ`«∞ ÅaèOKåÅ#fl L^ÕÌâ◊O`À |Ǩïâß ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) JÖÏ KÕã¨∂Î LO_˘K«Ûx PÜ«∞# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∞Ѩ_®¤~°∞.210
PÜ«∞# „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ã¨∞=∂~°∞ =ÚÃÑÊ· ù PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ JO>Ë
JeѶπ ÖÏ"£∞ g∞"£∞ `«<£rÖò Jã¨û[ÌÇπÏ (22:30) Jxfl PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞, WOHÍ á¶êuǨ
ã¨∂~å`À HõÅ∞ѨىõΩx ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.211 JѨÙÊ_»ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∂ PÜ«∞#
''=ã¨û=∂W =`åÎiMò——,
''=ã¨û=∂W *ÏuÖò |∞~°∂*ò——
''=Öˇe¡Â W*ÏÜ«∞Q∑ëê—— WOHÍ WÖÏO\˜ W`«~° ã¨∂~åÅ∞
=∞iÜ«Ú
212
‰õÄ_® Ѩiîã¨∞ÎO_Õ"å~°∞.
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡
''W[ã¨û=∂L<£ +¨Yö`ü—— QÍx, JÖÏO\˜
213
=∞~À ã¨∂~åQÍx ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
A„ÇπÏ =∞iÜ«Ú J„ãπ #=∂AÖ’¡ PÜ«∞# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ PÜ«∞# Y∞~üP<£
Ѩiîã¨∞Î<åfl~°#fl ã¨OQÆu PÜ«∞# QÆ_»¤O Hõ^ŒeHõÅ ^•fi~å `≥e¿ãk.214

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) A„ÇπÏ #=∂A z=i Ô~O_»∞
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å `«~åfi`« H˘xfl PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ ѨiîOK«@O
A„ÇπÏ #=∂AÖ’x z=i Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨Å¡O) "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѨ~î°#OÖ’ ã¨QÆO JO>Ë ã¨∂Ô~ á¶êuǨ`À HõeÑ≤
ã¨∞=∂~°∞ Ѩk¿ÇÏ#∞ PÜ«∞`«∞Å =~°‰õΩ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.215 H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# z=i
Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O`À ã¨iÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞.216
210. J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/65/1)
211. JǨχ^£, =Úã≤¡O.
212. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡l - ã¨Ç‘Ï, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/67/2)
213. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/67/2)
214. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
215. JǨχ^£, =Úã≤O¡ . D ǨÏnã¨∞ PYi ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞ =∞iH˘O`«
ѨiOî K«_O» ‰õÄ_® ã¨∞#fl`ü Jx J#_®xH˜ „Ѩ|Å x^Œ~≈° #O. ã¨Ç¨ ÉÏÅÖ’ XHõ ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO
Jaè=∞`«O ~Ú^Õ. giÖ’ J|∂ |„H± ‰õÄ_® =Ù<åfl~°∞. W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}O
‰õÄ_® W^Õ. Jk AǨÏ~ü #=∂A HÍh, ÖËHõ W`«~° #=∂A HÍh. ~ÚHõ, `«~åfiuHÍÅѨÙ
LÅ=∂ÅÖ’ J|∞Öò ǨÏã¨<å`ü J|∞ÌÖò ÃÇ·Ï ÅHÀflg D Jaè„áêÜ«∂<Õfl ã‘fiHõiOKå~°∞.
J`åÎeY∞Öò =Ú"£∞l^£ JÖÏ =ÚJ`åÎ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ -

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

135

„Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ `«Ñ¨Êxã¨iQÍ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å Ѩ~î°#O
„Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«=∞x ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ''#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——H˜ ѨÙ~°=∂~ÚOz L<åfl~°∞.
ZÖÏQÆO>Ë PÜ«∞# J`«xH˜ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«=∞x
P*Ï˝Ñ≤Oz#217 `«~åfi`« =∞m¡ J`«xH˜ ''#=∂A "≥Ú`«ÎO #∞=Ùfi W^Õ q^èŒOQÍ
K≥Ü«∂ºe—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.218 („Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ #∞=Ùfi WÖψQ K≥Ü«∂ºe Jx
PÜ«∞# J`«xH˜ P*Ï˝Ñ≤Oz#@∞¡ "Õ~˘Hõ LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ LOk).219
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂ (ã≤„s #=∂AÖ’)
XHõ\ ˜ J~å PÜ«∞`«∞ `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ ã¨~Ú`«O q#Ѩ_ÕÖÏ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞.220
PÜ«∞# "≥∞e¡QÍ
''ã¨aƒÇ≤Ïãπ=∞ ~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ—— (87:19)
''ǨÏÖò J`åHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Öò QÍ+≤Ü∞« ÇπÏ—— (88:26)
=∞iÜ«Ú
Ѩ i î O K« @ O ã¨ Ç ¨ Ï K« ~ ° ∞ Å∞ q<Õ " å~° ∞ . 221 H˘xfl™ê~° ∞ ¡ PÜ« ∞ #
''=ã¨û=∂W *ÏuÖò |∞~°∂*ò—— (85:26) =∞iÜ«Ú
''=ã¨û=∂W =`åÎiMò—— (86:17) QÍx JÖÏO\˜ W`«~°
ã¨∂~åÅ∞QÍx ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.222
102 ¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: PYi ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞ÅÖ’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`Àáê@∞
U^≥·<å Ѩiî¿ãÎ ^•xH˜QÍ#∞ ã¨Ç¨˙ã¨*ÏÌ#∞ `«Ñ¨Êxã¨iQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕã≤# H˘O^Œ~°∞ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘
LÅ=∂Å#∞ K«∂ã≤ Pâ◊Û~°ºO HõÅ∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok. HÍh, H˜`å|∞Öò =∞xÜ«∞º "åºMϺ`«Å∞
W„ÉÏÇ‘ÏO ǨÏÅc, Wɡfl Jg∞~ü ǨÏ*ò =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~∞° Å∞ nxx KåÖÏ ÉÏQÍ „`Àã≤ÑÙ¨ KåÛ~°∞.
xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ D Jaè„áêÜ«∞O "≥e|∞zÛ# "åiH˜ (|Ǩïâß) D ǨÏnã¨∞ KÕ~°ÖË^Œ∞.
XHõ"Õà◊ KÕi=ÙO>Ë ~ÚÖÏ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ HÍ~°∞.
216. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
217. J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£ - |Å"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
218. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
219. JǨχ^£ - =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
220. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
221. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/67/2), lÜ«∂ =∞Mòkã≤ - =ÚMÏÎ~°- ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
222. |∞MÏs - A*ò JÖò d~å`ü, ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.

136

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡
''=Öˇ¡Âe W*Ï Ü«∞Q∑ëê—— (92:21)
223
QÍx, JÖÏO\˜ =∞~À ã¨∂~åQÍx ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.

3. J„ãπ #=∂A
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) J„ãπ #=∂A "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å`À áê@∞ =∞~À Ô~O_»∞ ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ KÕã≤#O`« ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ PÜ«∞# Ѩ~î°#O KÕ¿ã"å~°∞
HÍ^Œ∞.224 „Ѩ[Å∞ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞#∞ ^˘~°Hõ|∞K«∞ÛHÀ"åÅ#fl L^ÕÌâ◊O`À PÜ«∞#
JÖÏ KÕ¿ã"å~°x PÜ«∞# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞O.225
Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡#∂ PÜ«∞# Ѩk¿ÇÏ#∞ PÜ«∞`«∞Å K˘Ñ¨ÙÊ# Y∞~üP<£
ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞. JO>Ë PÜ«∞# ^•^•Ñ¨Ù A„ÇπÏ #=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡
KÕ¿ã Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#OÖ’ ã¨QÆO J„ãπ #=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡
KÕ¿ã"å~°#fl =∂@. WHõ J„ãπ #=∂AÖ’x z=i Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ ^•^•Ñ¨Ù
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞ŠѨ~î°#OÖ’ ã¨QÆO Ѩ~î°#O KÕ¿ã"å~åÜ«∞#.226
z=i Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ PÜ«∞# ˆH=ÅO á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å =∂„`«"Õ∞ ѨiîOKÕ
227
"å~°∞.
JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∂ PÜ«∞# „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ XHõ\ ˜ J~å PÜ«∞`«∞ q#Ѩ_ÕÖÏ Ñ¨iîOKÕ
228
"å~°∞.
'A„ÇπÏ #=∂A— „H˜O^Œ „Ѩ™êÎ=#‰õΩ =zÛ# ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ PÜ«∞# J„ãπ
#=∂AÖ’#∂ Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.

4. =∞„yÉò #=∂A
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ =∞„yÉò #=∂AÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
''d™ê~ü =ÚѶ㨠û¨ Öò—— ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞. P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ PÜ«∞# ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞
229

223. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£, `«Ü«∂eã≤.
224. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
225. J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂
226. JǨχ^£, =Úã≤¡O. 227. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
228. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. 229. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

137

PÜ«∞# "≥O@ #=∂AÖ’ LO_Õ"å~°∞. #=∂A =ÚyOz |Ü«∞\˜H˜ =zÛ#ѨÙÊ_»∞
"åiÖ’ Z=Ô~·<å ÉÏ}O qã≤ˆ~¿ãÎ P ÉÏ}O Ѩ_ç# KÀ@∞ J`«xH˜ (J=bÅQÍ)
HõxÑ≤OKÕk.230
XHÍ<˘Hõ „Ѩܫ∂} ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ =∞„yÉò #=∂AÖ’x Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
PÜ«∞# ''=fÎ<£ =*ˇÂ˚`«∂<£—— ѨiîOKå~°∞.231
H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# =∞„yÉò #=∂AÅ∞ '`«∞"åÖˇ =ÚѶ¨ã¨ûÖò— =∞iÜ«Ú
'B™ê`≥ =ÚѶ¨ã¨ûÖò— Ѩiî™êÎ~°∞. P „ѨHÍ~°O PÜ«∞# H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ ''=Å¡r#
HõÑ~¨¶ ∂° = ã¨^∂Œ Ì J<£ ã¨ceÖÏ¡ÇÏπ —— (47:38) ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.232 =∞iH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡
''=`«∂Îi—— (52:49) ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.233 WOH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ ''=Öò =Ú~üã¨ÖÏ`ü——
(77:50) ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. `«# rq`«OÖ’ z=~°QÍ KÕã≤# #=∂AÖ’ PÜ«∞# =Öò
=Ú~üã¨ÖÏ`ü ã¨∂~å ѨiîOz L<åfl~°∞.234
XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞# ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨∞n~°"… ∞≥ #ÿ ã¨∂~åÖ’¡235 Z‰õΩ¯= ã¨∞n~°"… ∞≥ #ÿ ^•xflJ#QÍ JÖò P~åѶπ ã¨∂~å (7:206)#∞ (=∞„yÉò #=∂A Ö’x) ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.236
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ PÜ«∞# Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ JÖò J<£á¶êÖò ã¨∂~å (8:75)#∞
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.237

=∞„yÉò ã¨∞#fl`«∞ #=∂AÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O
=∞„yÉò `«~åfi`« ã¨∞#fl`ü #=∂*ò q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ D #=∂AÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ''Y∞Öò Ü«∂ JܫںǨÏÖò HÍѶ≤~°∂<£—— ã¨∂~å
(109:6)#∞ WOHÍ ''Y∞Öò Ǩï=ÖÏ¡Çï¨ JǨÏ^£—— ã¨∂~å(112:4) #∞ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.238
230. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
231. `«Ü«∂eã≤, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
232. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/166/2), `«„ÉÏh, =∞Mòkã‘ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
233. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. 234. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
235. Ô~O_»∞ á⁄_»∞QÍ\˜ ã¨∂~åÅÖ’, LÅ=∂Å UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O „ѨHÍ~°O "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜k 'JÖò
P~åѶ—π HÍQÍ, ~Ô O_»= ã¨∂~å 'JÖò J<£P"£∞— q=~åʼnõΩ 'Ѷ`¨ Ç« ï¨ Öò ÉÏs—x K«∂_»QÅÆ ~°∞.
236. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/68/1), JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò, =ÚMòeãπ.
237. `«„ÉÏh - "≥∂[q∞Öò Hõc~ü - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
238. JǨχ^£, =∞Mòkã≤, #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl #ã¨~ü, `«„ÉÏh

138

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

5. Wëê #=∂A
Wëê #=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤
= ã¨Å¡O) 'B™ê`ü =ÚѶ¨ã¨ûÖò—239 ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. P „ѨHÍ~°O PÜ«∞#
H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ ''=+¨¬"∞£ ã≤ = ^Œ∞ǨǨ—— (91:15) ã¨∂~åQÍx, JÖÏO\˜ W`«~° ã¨∂~åÅ∞
QÍx ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.240 =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ ''W[ã¨û=∂L<£ +¨Yö`ü—— (84:25) ã¨∂~å
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. D ã¨∂~å =∞^茺֒ PÜ«∞# ''Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}Ѩ٠ã¨*ÏÌ—— (ã¨[ÌÜ≥∞
uÖÏ=`ü) ‰õÄ_® KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.241
XHõ™êi U^À „Ѩܫ∂}O ã¨O^Œ~°ƒùOQÍ PÜ«∞# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ''=fÎ<£
=*ˇ˚Â`«∂<£—— ã¨∂~å (95:8) ѨiîOKå~°∞.242
Wëê #=∂AÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O Ju ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ KÕÜ«∞=^ŒÌx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =ã¨Å¡O) K≥áêÊ~°∞. Wk ZѨÊ\˜ =∂@ JO>Ë, XHõ™êi =ÚP*ò
a<£ [|Öò (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ Ju ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ Wëê #=∂A KÕ~ÚO
Kå~°∞. ^•O`À XHõ J<åûs =ºH˜Î (LO_»|@ìÖËHõ =∞^茺֒<Õ) #=∂*ò =kÖËâß_»∞.
`«~åfi`« `å<˘Hõ¯_Õ "Õ~°∞QÍ #=∂*ò K«^Œ∞=Ù‰õΩ<åfl_»∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O `≥Å∞ã¨∞‰õΩ#fl
=ÚP*ò a<£ [|Öò (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) J`«x QÆ∞iOz =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ ''J`«#∞
HõѨ\ ˜—— J<Õâß~°∞. D =∂@ q#fl J<åûs =ºH˜Î =ÚP*ò `«##∞ =Ú<åѶ≤H±QÍ
¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°x ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ Ѷ≤~åº^Œ∞ KÕâß_»∞. JѨÙÊ
_®Ü«∞# =ÚP*ò#∞ (=∞O^Œeã¨∂Î) ''Uq∞\© #∞=Ùfi HõÅHõÅO ã¨$+≤ìOK«^ŒeKå"å?
#∞=Ùfi „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ QÆ#Hõ #=∂*ò KÕ~Ú¿ãÎ ''=+¨¬"∞£ ã≤ =^Œ∞ǨǨ (91:15), ''ã¨aƒÇ≤Ïã¨û
~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ—— (87:19), ''WMò~°J±aã≤‡~°aƒHõ—— (96:19), WOHÍ ''=Öˇ¡Âe W*Ï
Ü«∞Q∑ëê——(92:21) ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiîOK«∞. (ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë #=∂AÖ’ h "≥#∞Hõ =Úã¨e
"å~°∞, |ÅÇ‘Ï#∞Å∞, Ѩx|_ç#"å~°∂ LO_˘K«∞Û)—— Jx PÜ«∞#‰õΩ Ç≤Ï`ÀѨ^Õâ◊O
KÕâß~°∞.243
239. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£- ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
240. JǨχ^£, ui‡l nxx ǨÏã¨<£QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
241. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, #™ê~Ú.
242. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, #™ê~Ú.
243. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, #™ê~Ú. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò - 295 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

139

6. `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂A
`«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡
aQÆ~æ Q° Í Y∞~üP<£ ѨiOî KÕ "å~°∞. =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ â◊|OÌ ~å‰õΩO_® ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.244
H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ Ѩ~#°î O ‰õΩÑ¡ OΨ QÍ KÕ¿ãÎ =∞iH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ ã¨∞n~°O… QÍ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
WOHÍ H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ #~Ú`Õ =∞s Juâ◊~Úã¨∂Î ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ Y∞~üP<£
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞. nx QÆ∞iOz J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇπÏ a<£ =∞ãπ=Ó^£ (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) WÖÏ
`≥eÜ«∞*Ëã∞¨ <Î åfl~°∞: ''XHõ~ÀA ~å„u <Õ#∞ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )`À
Hõeã≤ #=∂*ò KÕâß#∞. P #=∂AÖ’ PÜ«∞# Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O ZO`« ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ
KÕâß~°O>Ë (Jk K«∂ã≤) <å =∞#ã¨∞Ö’ K≥_»∞ PÖ’K«# ѨÙ\˜ìOk.
''g∞Ö’ ѨÙ\˜#ì P K≥_∞» PÖ’K«# Uq∞\˜?—— Jx Z=~À PÜ«∞xfl „ѨtflOKå~°∞.
JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞# ''#=∂AÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)#∞ =kÖËã≤
‰õÄ~°∞ÛO^•=∞#∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.245
Ǩï*ˇ·á¶ê (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) Hõ^äŒ#O: <Õ<˘Hõ ~å„u ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)`À Hõeã≤ `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂A KÕâß#∞. PÜ«∞# |Y~° ã¨∂~å
Ѩ~î°#O „áê~°OaèOKå~°∞. 100 PÜ«∞`«∞Å `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# ~°∞‰õÄ KÕ™êÎ~°x <Õ#∞
J#∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞.HÍh, PÜ«∞# (~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ«∞‰õΩO_®) =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ ™êQÍ~°∞. Ô~O_»∞
~°HÍ`«∞ÅÖ’ D ã¨∂~å#∞ ѨÓiÎ KÕ™êΈ~"≥∂ Jx <Õ#∞ J#∞H˘<åfl#∞. HÍh, PÜ«∞#
=ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ ™êyáÈ=_»O K«∂ã≤, ã¨∂~å PY~À¡ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕ™êÎ~°x TÇ≤ÏOKå#∞.
HÍh, PÜ«∞# x™ê ã¨∂~å#∞ „áê~°OaèOKå~°∞. ^•xx ѨÓiÎ KÕã≤, `«^Œ∞Ѩi Pe
W„=∂<£ ã¨∂~å#∞246 ѨiîOK«_»O „áê~°OaèOKå~°∞. PÜ«∞# ѨÓiÎ „ѨâßO`«`«`À
Y∞~üP<£ ѨiOî K«™êQÍ~°∞. JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ ™È΄uOKÕ PÜ«∞`ü =^Œ‰Ì Ωõ =zÛ#ѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞#
'ã¨∞ÉòǨ#ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— Jx J<Õ"å~°∞, "Õ_»∞HÀÅ∞‰õΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# PÜ«∞`ü
=zÛ#ѨÙ_»∞ PÜ«∞# JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ "Õ_»∞H˘<Õ"å~°∞. XHõ"Õà◊ 'â◊~°}∞HÀˆ~— PÜ«∞`«∞Å
=^ŒÌ‰õΩ =zÛ#ѨÙ_»∞, PÜ«∞#
'JTAaÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— Jx ѨeH˜, P `«~åfi`«
247
~°∞‰õÄ KÕâß~°∞.
244. #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. 245. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
246. ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ W^Õ q^èŒOQÍ "≥Ú^Œ@ x™ê ã¨∂~å QÆ∞iOz LOk, `«~åfi`« Pe W„=∂<£
ã¨∂~å QÆ∞iOz. L™ê‡h =~°∞㨄Hõ=∂xfl áê\˜OK«_»O `«Ñ¨Êx ã¨i HÍ^Œ∞ Jx J#_®xH˜
W^˘Hõ x^Œ~°≈#O. nx QÆ∞iOz# L^•Ç¨Ï~°} WO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Õ =zÛOk.
247. =Úã≤¡O, #™ê~Ú.

140

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

XHõ~ÀA ~å„u `«#‰õΩ P~ÀQƺO ÉÏQÍ ÖËHõáÈ~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H© PÜ«∞# 'ã¨|
`«∞"åÖò—248 (Ju á⁄_»"≥·#@∞=O\˜ U_»∞ ã¨∂~åÅ∞) ѨiîOKå~°∞.249 H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡
PÜ«∞# „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ 'ã¨| `«∞"åÖò—250 Ö’x XHõ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.251
HÍx Z#fl_≥·<å PÜ«∞# XHõ¯ ˆ~„uÖ’<Õ Ñ¨ÓiÎ Y~üP<£ ѨiîOKÕã≤#@∞¡ =∂„`«O ~°∂_èç
HÍÖË^Œ∞.252 ÃÑ·QÍ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇπÏ a<£ J„"£∞ HÀã¨O PÜ«∞# D q+¨Ü«∂xfl XѨÙÊHÀ
ÖË^Œ#fl@∞¡QÍ `≥Å∞ã¨∞ÎOk. Jã¨ÖËO [iyO^ŒO>Ë ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ''Y∞~üP<£ "≥Ú`«ÎO XHõ <≥ÅÖ’ ѨiîOK«∞—— Jx LѨ^ÕtOKå~°∞.
''<åÖ’ JO`«HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= â◊H˜Î LOk—— J<åfl~°∞ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇπÏ. JѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ''JÖÏQÆ~Ú`Õ W~°"·≥ ~ÀAÖ’¡ ѨiOî K«∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.
PÜ«∞# ''<åÖ’ JO`«HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯= â◊H˜Î LOk—— Jx =∞m¡ J<åfl~åÜ«∞#. JѨÙÊ_»∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ''=∞~°~Ú`Õ U_»∞ ~å„`«∞Ö’¡ ^•xfl ѨÓiÎ
K≥~Úº. WHõ JO`«HOõ >Ë Z‰õΩ¯= Ѩ~#°î O QÆ∞iOz =∂\Ï¡_‰» Ωõ —— Jx „ѨɒkèOKå~°∞.253
`«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ‰õΩ S^Œ∞ ~å„`«∞Ö’¡ Y∞~üP<£ ã¨OѨÓiÎQÍ Ñ¨iOî KÕO
^Œ∞‰õΩ J#∞=∞uxKåÛ~°∞.254 P `«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
=∞m¡ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ =¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Ö’¡ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~#°î O ѨÓiÎ KÕã∞¨ HÀ=K«Ûx K≥áêÊ~°∞.255
JO`«HõO>Ë `«‰õΩ¯= ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O ѨÓiÎ KÕÜ«∞\Ïxfl =∂„`«O
PÜ«∞# "åiOKå~°∞.256 JO^Œ∞‰õΩ HÍ~°}O Uq∞\’ q=iã¨∂Î ''Z=Ô~<· å Y∞~üP<£#∞
=¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Å HõO>Ë `«‰õΩ¯= ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ ѨÓiÎ KÕ¿ãÎ "å~°∞ ^•xfl Jã¨ÖËg∞
J~°÷O KÕã¨∞HÀÖË^Œ∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.257 Y∞~üP<£#∞ =¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Å HõO>Ë `«‰õΩ¯=
ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ K«kq#"å_»∞ ^•xfl J~°÷O KÕã¨∞HÀÖË^Œ∞ Jx =∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’
LOk.258
248,249,250 : J|∂Ü«∂ÖÏ. ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_®
nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. ã¨| `«∞"åÖò (U_»∞ á⁄_»∞QÍ\˜ ã¨∂~åÅ∞) JO>Ë - |Y~°, Pe
W„=∂<£,x™ê, J<£P"£∞, P~åѶπ, `ÒÉÏ ã¨∂~åÅ∞.
251. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
252. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£. 253. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
254. #™ê~Ú, ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
255. |∞MÏs, =Úã¨fl^£ JǨχ^£.
256. ^•iq∞, ã¨∞#<£ ã¨~¸^£ a<£ =∞#∂û~ü - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
257. JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
258. ^•iq∞, ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

141

`«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ÇπÏ (~°lJÖϡǨï
J#∞›)‰õΩ WÖÏ Ç≤Ï`ÀѨ^Õâ◊O KÕâß~°∞: D =∂@ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ K≥|∞`«∞<åfl#O>Ë „Ѩu
P~å^èŒ#‰õΩxÖ’#∂ „áê~°OÉèíOÖ’ XHõ ~°Hõ"≥∞ÿ# L`ÕÎ[O, L`åûǨÏO LO@∞Ok.
J~Ú`Õ „Ѩu L`Õ[Î O, L`åûǨÏO259 =∞^躌 Ö’ JÅã¨@, JO`«~åÜ«∞O HõÅQÆ@=¸
`«^䌺"Õ∞. P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ =∞x+≤ ã¨∞#fl`ü "≥·Ñ¨Ù "≥àÏÎ_»∞, ÖË^• a^£J`üÖ’ z‰õΩ¯‰õΩO
\Ï_»∞. J~Ú`Õ ã¨∞#fl`ü "≥·Ñ¨Ù‰õΩ "≥o§#"å_»∞ ã¨<å‡~°æO á⁄O^Œ∞`å_»∞, JO^Œ∞‰õΩ
aè#flOQÍ =∞~À =∂~åæxfl J=ÅOaOz#"å_»∞ q<åâßxH˜ QÆ∞~°=Ù`å_»∞.260
JO^Œ∞‰õΩ<Õ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =¸_»∞ ~å„`«∞Å HõO>Ë
`«‰õΩ¯= ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°<åxfl ѨÓiÎ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞.261 ''XHõ ~å„uÖ’
`«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ ~Ô O_»∞ =O^ŒÅ PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞ q^èÜ
Õ Ú« Ö’¡x "å~°∞QÍ,
z`«Îâ◊√kú QÆÅ"å~°∞QÍ Ñ¨iQÆ}˜OK«|_»`å~°∞—— Jx PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=zã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.262
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) „Ѩu ˆ~~Ú x„^ŒáÈÜÕ∞ =ÚO^Œ∞|h W„™ê~¸Öò ã¨∂~å (17:111) =∞iÜ«Ú A=∞~ü ã¨∂~å (39:75) ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.263
Z=Ô~·<å XHõ~å„u `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ =O^Œ PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ Ѩiî¿ãÎ J`«#∞ J*Ï„QÆ`«Î
Ѩ~∞° Ö’¡ ÖˇH¯˜ OK«|_»_∞» Jx PÜ«∞# K≥|∞`«∂ LO_Õ"å~°∞.264 JѨÙÊ_»ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∂ PÜ«∞#
259. W=∂"£∞ `«Ç¨g ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êxfl^茺O á⁄O^Œ_®xH˜ =Úã≤¡=ÚÅ∞
KÕ¿ã PK«~°}Ö’¡ L`åûǨÏO, L`ÕÎ[O ^•y LO@∞Ok. HÍh, ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) PK«~°}Ö’¡ ã¨=∞`«∂HõO áê\˜OK«_®xfl ~Ú+¨ìѨ_Õ"å~°∞. HÍ~°}O,
L`åûǨÏO ã¨#flyÅ¡_O» =Å¡ PK«~}° Å∞ ‰õÄ_® `«Q∞Æ `æ å~Ú. JO^Œ∞Hˆ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =Úã≤¡=ÚʼnõΩ - `å=Ú ZšѨÙÊ_»∂ ã≤÷~°OQÍ KÕÜ«∞QÆeˆQ PK«~°}Å<Õ
KÕã¨∂Î =ÙO_»=∞x P^ÕtOKå~°∞. D J~å÷xfl q=iOKÕ kâ◊QÍ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å ~ÚÖÏ LÖË¡dOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok: ZšѨÙÊ_»∂ ã≤÷~°OQÍ KÕÜ«∞QÆeˆQ
PK«~°}<Õ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ~Ú+¨ìѨ_»`å_»∞, XHõ"Õà◊ Jk z#fl^≥·#ѨÊ\˜H©.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - W=∂"£∞ `«Ç¨ g ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ '~ÚÖÏ LÖËd¡ OK«|_»∞`«∞Ok—
J#fl Ѩ^•Å∞ *’_çOKå~°∞. HÍh "åã¨Î"åxH˜ ~Úk ã¨Ç‘Ï Ç¨Ïnã¨∞, ã¨Ç‘Ï Ü≥ÿ∞<£Ö’ qâßfi
ã¨∞Å =∂`«$=¸iÎ PÜ≥∞ëê (~°lJÖϡǨï J#›) ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk.
260. JǨχ^£, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£.
261. `«|MÏ`ü Wɡfl ™ê^£ (1/376)
262. ^•iq∞, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
263. JǨχ^£, Wɡfl #ã¨~ü - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
264. ^•iq∞, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ^•x`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.

142

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

„Ѩu XHõ¯ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ Ü«∂Éè·ˇ PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞QÍx JO`«HOõ >Ë Z‰õΩ¯= PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞QÍx
Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.265 =∞iH˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ ''Ü«∂ JܫںǨÏÖò =Ú[˚q∞‡Öò——
(73:20) JO`« Ѩ~î°#O KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.266
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ѨÓiÎQÍ XHõ ~å„`«O`å `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£
#=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« @=∞<Õk KåÖÏ J~°∞^Œ∞QÍ<Õ [iyOk.267 (nx QÆ∞iOz `≥Å∞ѨÙ`«∞#fl
ã¨OѶ¨∞@# Wk). ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) XHõ ~ÀA ~å„u "≥Ú`«ÎO
Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂A ^•HÍ `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞ÎO_»_»O PÜ«∞# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞, |„^£
Ü«Ú^Œgú ~°∞Öˇ#· @∞=O\˜ YÉσÉò a<£ J~°`ü (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) K«∂âß~°∞. ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂A =ÚyOK«∞‰õΩ#fl `«~åfi`« YÉσ~ü
(~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) PÜ«∞xfl <å `«e¡^ŒO„_»∞efl g∞ HÀã¨O JiÊOK≥^Œ! ^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ!
D ~å„u #=∂*ò KÕã#≤ O`«QÍ g∞~°∞ WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ #=∂*ò KÕÜ∞« @O <Õ<#≥ fl_»∂
265. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
266. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
267. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - D ǨÏnã¨∞Å "≥Å∞QÆ∞Ö’ ZšѨÙÊ_»∂ ÖË^• `«~°K«∂ ~å„`«O`å
"Õ∞ÖÁ¯x =ÙO_»_»O =∞„‰õÄÇπÏ (J"åOKè«hÜ«∞O). HÍ~°}O ~Úk ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∞#fl`ü‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúO. XHõ"Õà◊ ~å„`«O`å "Õ∞ÖÁ¯x =ÙO_»O ã¨^•K«~°}
J~Ú =ÙO>Ë PÜ«∞# ^•x `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. =∞i ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) PK«~°} JxflO\˜ Hõ<åfl L`«Î=∞ PK«~°}. ~ÚHõ, W=∂"£∞ J|∂
ǨÏhá¶ê (~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) QÆ∞iOz K≥ѨÊ|_Õ q+¨Ü«∞O - PÜ«∞# 40 ã¨O=`«û~åÅ
=~°‰õΩ Wëê =E`À Ѷ¨[~ü #=∂A KÕâß~°∞ - J<Õk XHõ x~å^è•~°=∂@. nx
QÆ∞iOz "≥∂™êxH˜ QÆ∞i HÍ=^Œ∞Ì. (W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê (~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ)#∞
QÆ∞iOz# ÃÑ· q+¨Ü«∞O xq∞`«ÎO =∞øÖÏ<å [HõiÜ«∂ HõO^è•bfi QÍi Ѷ¨*ÏÜ≥∞Öò P=∂Öò
- Ѷ¨*ÏÜ≥∞Öò #=∂*ò#∞ K«∂_»=K«∞Û - `≥Å∞QÆ∞ J#∞"å^Œ‰õΩÅ∞)
JÖÏ¡=∂ ¿Ñ¶~À*ÏÉÏn J„~°^£Ì JÖÏ JÖò =Ú`åi^£ (44/1)Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
ã¨Ê+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# J|^•úÅÖ’ ~Ú^˘Hõ\ ˜. nxx W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê‰õΩ PáêkOK«_»O
ã¨iHÍ^Œ∞. JO`ÕQÍHõ, ~¸ ã¨OѶ¨∞@#Ö’ K≥ѨÙÊHÀ^ŒQÆæ „âı+¨ì`« ‰õÄ_® UnÖË^Œ∞. J|∂
ǨÏhá¶ê ÖÏO\˜ W=∂"£∞ H˘~°‰õΩ L`«Î=∞"≥∞ÿ# ^•xÃÑ·<Õ PK«iOK«_»O ã¨||∞QÍ =ÙO_Õk.
=∞i K«∂_»É’`Õ „Ѩu #=∂A‰õΩ ѨÓ~°fiO =E KÕÜ«∞_»O L`«Î=∞ PK«~°}. ~Úk
H˘O^Œ~∞° J*Ï˝#, ^Œ∞~°a=è ∂# ǨÏ#Ѷő ã¨$+≤`ì =« Ú. nxx "å~°∞ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê
QÆ∞iOz ã¨$+≤ìOKå~°∞. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ Wk ѨzÛ J|^ŒúO.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

143

K«∂_»ÖË^Œ∞. (q+¨Ü«∞O Uq∞\˜ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ!)—— Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. JO^Œ∞HÍÜ«∞#
ã¨=∂^è•#q∞ã¨∂Î WÖÏ K≥áêÊ~°∞: J=Ù#∞ x["Õ∞ (D ~ÀA) <Õ#∞ ÉèíH˜Î„â◊^ŒúÅ`À,
ÉèíÜ«∂O^Àà◊#`À ‰õÄ_ç# #=∂*ò KÕâß#∞. JO^Œ∞Ö’ <Õ#∞ <å „Ñ¨Éèí∞=Ù#∞ =¸_»∞
q+¨Ü∂« Å∞ Ji÷OKå#∞. "å\˜Ö’ ~Ô O_»∞ P"≥∂kOK«|_®¤~Ú. HÍx =¸_Àk =∂„`«O
u~°ã¨¯iOK« |_çOk. <å J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂*Ïxfl QÆ`« ã¨=∂*ÏʼnõΩ ^•Ñ¨ÙiOz#
tHõ∆Å`À <åâ◊#O KÕÜ«∞=^ŒÌ#flk "å\˜Ö’ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ "Õ_»∞HÀÅ∞. (Hõ~°∞=Ù HÍ@HÍÅ`À
<å J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂*Ïxfl JO`«O KÕÜ«∞=^ŒÌx „áêi÷OKå#∞ Jx =∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’
LOk). D "Õ_»∞HÀÅ∞#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P"≥∂kOKå_»∞. "Õi`«~° *Ï`«∞ʼnõΩ K≥Ok#
â◊„`«∞=ÙÅ#∞ =∂ÃÑ· ~°∞^ŒÌ‰õΩ, "åiH˜ =∂ g∞^Œ PkèHõº`«#∞ W=fi‰õΩ J#flk Ô~O_»=
"Õ_»∞HÀÅ∞. D "Õ_»∞HÀÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® P"≥∂kOK«|_çOk. <å J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂[O qq^èŒ
=~åæÅ∞QÍ, =Ú~îåÅ∞QÍ peáÈÜÕ∞ÖÏ KÕÜ«∞‰õΩ Jx =¸_À Ji÷OѨÙ#∞
q#flqOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl#∞. HÍx <Õ#∞ KÕã#≤ D "Õ_∞» HÀÅ∞ =∂„`«O P"≥∂kOK«|_»Ö^Ë ∞Œ .268
XHõ<å\˜ ~å„u ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂AÖ’
''XHõ " Õ à ◊
h=Ù "åix tH˜O∆ z#@¡~Ú`Õ "å~°∞ h ^•ã¨∞Å∞. h=Ù QÆ#Hõ "åix Hõq∆ ∞Oz#@¡~Ú`Õ
xâ◊ÛÜ«∞OQÍ h=Ù ã¨~åfikè‰Ωõ º_»=Ù, q"ÕK<« åѨ~∞° _»=Ù.——(5 : 118) Ѩiãî ∂¨ Î L<åfl~°∞.
LëÈ^ŒÜ«∞O =~°‰õΩ #=∂AÖ’ =∂\˜=∂\˜H© J^Õ PÜ«∞`«∞#∞ =e¡ã¨∂Î áÈÜ«∂~°∞.
~°∞‰õÄÖ’, ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ ^Œ∞PÖ’ ã¨~Ú`«O D PÜ«∞`«∞<Õ K«k"å~°∞. Jk K«∂ã≤ J|∂
[„~ü (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) PÜ«∞xfl ''^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! Uq∞\˜ g∞~°∞ LëÈ^ŒÜ«∞O =~°‰õΩ
XˆH PÜ«∞`«∞#∞ =∂\˜=∂\˜H© Ѩiîã¨∂Î L<åfl~°∞? JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ g∞‰õΩ Y∞~üP<£ *Ï˝#O
ã¨OѨÓ~°‚OQÍ WKåÛ_»∞ Hõ^•?! =∞i g∞~°∞ ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞, ^Œ∞PÖ’¡ ã¨~Ú`«O P
XHõ¯ PÜ«∞`«∞<Õ Ñ¨iîã¨∂Î ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ LO_çáÈÜ«∂~°∞? =∂Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å D Ѩx KÕã≤
LO>Ë "Õ∞=Ú ^•xfl W+¨ìѨ_ç LO_Õ"åà◊§O HÍ^Œ∞—— J<åfl~åÜ«∞#. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) PÜ«∞#‰õΩ ã¨=∂^è•#q∞ã¨∂Î, ''<Õ#∞ <å J#∞K«~°
ã¨=∂[O QÆ∞iOz ã≤á¶ê~°ã¨∞ KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<Õ J=HÍâ◊O HõeÊOK«=∞x JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ „áêi÷O
Kå#∞. <å „Ñ¨Éèí∞=Ù <å „áê~°÷##∞ P"≥∂kOKå_»∞. ^≥·=z`«Î=∞~Ú`Õ H˘OK≥O ‰õÄ_®
+≤~ü¯‰õΩ áêÅÊ_»x „Ѩu =ºH˜ÎH˜ <å ã≤á¶ê~°ã¨∞ Åaèã¨∞ÎOk—— J<åfl~°∞.269
268. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, `«„ÉÏh (1/187/2) ui‡r nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
269. #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/70/1), JǨχ^£, Wɡfl #ã¨~ü,ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.

144

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XHõ`«#∞ PÜ«∞# =^ŒÌ‰õΩ =zÛ ''^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! =∂ á⁄~°∞QÆ∞# XHÍÜ«∞#
L<åfl_»∞. PÜ«∞# `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂*ò KÕ™êÎ_»∞. J~Ú`Õ PÜ«∞# XHõ¯ ''Y∞ÖòǨï
=ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£—— (112:4) ã¨∂~å<Õ =∂\˜=∂\˜H© Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO\Ï_»∞. Jk `«Ñ¨Ê
=∞ˆ~n ѨiîOK«_»∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ_»∞ JO>Ë P =ºH˜Î 'Y∞ÖòǨï =ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£—
ã¨∂~å‰õΩ =∞s JO`« „áê=ÚYºO Ug∞ ÖË^Œ#fl@∞¡QÍ =∂\Ï¡_®_»∞. J`«x =∂@Å∞
qx ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ''x["Õ∞, Z=i KÕuÖ’ <å „áê}=ÚO^À
PÜ«∞# ™êH˜∆QÍ K≥|∞`«∞<åfl#∞. D ã¨∂~å =¸_À =O`«∞ Y∞~üP<£‰õΩ ã¨=∂#O——
Jx J<åfl~°∞.270

7. q„`ü #=∂A
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) q„`ü#=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`üÖ’
''ã¨aƒÇ≤Ïãπ=∞ ~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ—— (87:19) ã¨∂~å, Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ''Y∞Öò Ü«∂
JܫںǨÏÖò HÍѶ≤~°∂<£—— (109:6) ã¨∂~å, =¸_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ''Y∞ÖòǨï =ÖϡǨï
JǨÏ^£—— (112:4) ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.271 =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ =¸_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
''Y∞ÖòǨï =ÖϡǨï JǨÏ^£—— ѨiîOz P `«~åfi`« ''Y∞Öò JTA a~°aƒÖò Ѷ¨ÅMò——
(113:5) =∞iÜ«Ú ''Y∞Öò JTA a~°aƒ<åflãπ—— (114:6) ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ‰õÄ_®
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.272
XHõ™êi PÜ«∞# q„`ü #=∂A XHõ¯ ~°HÍ`«∞ KÕâß~°∞. JO^Œ∞Ö’ x™ê (4 :
176) ã¨∂~åÖ’x =O^Œ PÜ«∞`«∞Å∞ ѨiOî Kå~°∞.272Z WHõáÈ`Õ q„`ü #=∂A `«~åfiu
Ô~O_»∞ 273 ~°HÍ`«∞Å q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ P Ô~O_ç\’¡ PÜ«∞# ''W*Ï AÖò lÅuÖò
270. JǨχ^£, |∞MÏs.
271. #™ê~Ú, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
272. ui‡l, J|∞Öò JÉσãπ JÖò Jã¨"£∞ - JÖò ǨÏnãπ (2/117). ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
272 Z). #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
273. q`«~ü `«~åfi`« K«k"Õ D Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å QÆ∞iOz ã¨Ç‘Ï =Úã≤¡O =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°
„QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ =zÛOk. HÍh, D Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡OÅÖ’ LÖË¡dOK«|_»¤
ǨÏnã¨∞ (~å„u g∞ PYi #=∂*ò q`«~ü HÍ"åe)‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =Ù<åfl~Ú. LÅ=∂Å∞
D Ô~O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å =∞^茺 J~°÷O s`åº QÆÅ `Õ_®#∞ ^Œ∂~°O KÕÜ«∞_®xH˜ "Õˆ~fi~°∞
Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞ "≥e|∞KåÛ~°∞. HÍh, "å\˜Ö’ Uk ‰õÄ_® ##∞fl ã¨O`«$Ñ≤ÑÎ ~¨ K° Ö« HË áõ È~ÚOk.
JO^Œ∞ˆH, ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) P[˝Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ PK«iã¨∂Î D
Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ K«^Œ=HõáÈ=_»OÖ’<Õ *Ï„QÆ`«Î Wq∞_ç =ÙOk.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

145

J~ü^Œ∞—— (99:8) =∞iÜ«Ú ''Y∞Öò Ü«∂ JܫںǨÏÖò HÍѶ≤~°∂<£—— (109 : 6)
ã¨∂~åÅ∞ Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.274

8. A=∂ #=∂A
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) A=∂ #=∂AÖ’ H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ A=∂ ã¨∂~å (62:11), Ô~O_À ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ W*ÏJHõÖò =Ú<åѶ≤
Y∂<£ (63 :11) ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.275 =∞i H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ =Ú<åѶ≤‰õÄ<£ ã¨∂~å‰õΩ
|^Œ∞Å∞ ''ǨÏÖò J`åHõ ǨÏnã¨∞Öò QÍ+≤Ü«∞ÇπÏ——(88:26) ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.276
H˘xfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÖ’¡ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ''ã¨aƒÇ≤Ïãπ=∞ ~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ—— (87:19)
ã¨∂~å, Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`üÖ’ ''ǨÏÖò J`åHõ—— ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.277

9. Ô~O_»∞ ѨO_»∞QÆÅ #=∂AÅ∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ô~O_»∞ ѨO_»∞QÆÅ #=∂AÖ’¡#∂
"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ ''ã¨aƒÇ≤Ïãπ=∞ ~°aƒHõÖò PÖÏ—— ã¨∂~å, Ô~O_»=
~°HÍ`üÖ’ ''ǨÏÖò J`åHõ—— ã¨∂~å ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.278
=∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ ~Ô O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’¡#∂ ''MÏѶπ =Öò Y∞~üPxÖò =∞r^£——(50:45)
ã¨∂~å =∞iÜ«Ú ''WMò`«~°|u™êûJ`«∞—— (54:55) Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞.279
`«^Œ∞Ѩi,<å‰õΩ, q`«~ü #=∂A `«~åfi`« Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ K«^Œ==∞x P[˝ =zÛ# ã¨Ç‘Ï
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PK«~°}† Ô~O_»∂ ^˘iHÍ~Ú. Hõ#∞Hõ, D Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å∞ JO^ŒiHÀã¨O P"≥∂^Œ
Ü≥∂Qƺ=∞Ü«∂º~Ú. "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ P[˝#∞ JaèÅ+¨}©Ü«∞"≥∞ÿ# K«~°ºQÍ fã¨∞HÀ"åe. ~ÚÖÏ,
Ô~O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å =∞^茺 QÆÅ `Õ_® ã¨=∂ѨÎO J~ÚºOk. D ǨÏnã¨∞ `«„v*ò#∞ <Õ#∞
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274. JǨχ^£, Wɡfl #ã¨~ü, `«Ç¨g (1/202), Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£ - ǨÏã¨<£
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
275,276. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò, ǨÏnãπ <≥.345 #O^Œ∞
KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
277. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
278. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
279. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£.

146

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280. W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸, JǨχ^£, WãπǨMò a<£ ~°∞"åÜ«∞ =∞iÜ«Ú `«~åfiu HÍÅѨ٠ǨÏ#Ѷ‘
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W^Õ ã¨`«ºO ‰õÄ_®#∞.
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282. #™ê~Ú, `«Ç¨g - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
283. AǨÏ^£ Wɡfl=ÚÉÏ~°H± (162/1 JÖòHõ"åH˜Éò-575), J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï
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284. =Úã≤¡O, =∂eH±.
285. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡l nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.

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q[Ü«∞O <å_»∞ ZO`«QÍ<À ^˘iH˜Ok.
290. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
291. ǨѶ≤*ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü
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292. |∞MÏs - =ÚJe¡Mò Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À, J|∂^•=Ó^£, ^•iq∞, ǨH˜"£∞, `«=∂‡"£∞ ~år Ô~O_»∞ ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°Å`À.

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ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ W^˘Hõ K«Hõ¯\˜ L^•Ç¨Ï~°}. =∞ixfl q=~åÅ HÀã¨O 'J[˚~¸á¶ê— (5328)#∞
K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
293. ã¨Ç‘Ï - AǨÏ^£ Wɡfl =ÚÉÏ~°H± (162/1 JÖò Hõ"åH˜Éò 575), ^•iq∞, Wɡfl #ã¨~ü,
`«„ÉÏh, J|∂ #~¸"£∞ - JMòÉÏ~ü Wãπ |Ǩ<£, lÜ«∂ JÖò JǨnãπ JÖò =ÚMÏÎ~°.
294. ^•iq∞, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
295. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
296. W=∂"£∞ =ÚOki WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ã¨∞=∞^èŒ∞~° ã¨fi~°O`À, ~åQÆ Ü«∞‰õΩÎOQÍ Y∞~üP<£
ѨiîOKÕ =ºH˜Î ã¨fi~åxfl q#fl@∞¡ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞Ô~=i =∂@Å#∞ q#_»∞. HÍh, ã¨∂Ѷ≤Ü«∂<£
Wɡfl L"≥∞ÿ<å =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞ - nxx D J~°÷O`À HÍHõ, '=∂‰õΩ Y∞~üP<Õ KåÅ∞—
Jx ÉèÏqOz ѨiîOKåe J#fl ^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}O Hõey =Ù<åfl~°∞. HÍh D ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}O
ã¨Ô~·#k HÍ^Œ∞.
297. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, `«Ç¨g, Wɡfl =∞O^• - J`ÒÎÇ‘Ï^£ (81/1)

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

149

XHõ™êi J|∂ =¸™ê J+πJs (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›)`À PÜ«∞# WÖÏ
J<åfl~°∞: ''x#fl ~å„u g∞~°∞ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O KÕã¨∞ÎO_»QÍ <Õ#∞ q#@O
g∞~°∞ K«∂ã≤ LO>Ë ZO`« ÉÏQÆ∞O_»∞. g∞‰õΩ XH˜O`« ^•=Ó^£ „Ѩ=HõÎ ã¨∞=∞^èŒ∞~°
HõO~î°O298 ÅaèOzO^ŒO_ô!——
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ѨÅ∞‰õΩÅ∞ qx J|∂ =¸™ê
(~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) (ã¨O`À+¨O`À ѨÙÅH˜Oz áÈ`«∂) ''g∞~°∞ JHõ¯_» =ÙO_ç <å
Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O PÅH˜ã¨∞Î<åfl~°#fl ã¨OQÆu <å‰õΩ `≥eã≤#@¡~Ú`Õ <Õ#∞ WOHÍ
ã¨∞=∞^èŒ∞~°OQÍ, ~åQÆÜ«ÚHõÎOQÍ PÅÑ≤OKÕ"å}˜‚—— J<åfl~°∞.299

W=∂=Ú á⁄~°|_ç# ã¨OQÆu J`«xH˜ `≥eÜ«∞Ѩ~°Û@O
„Ѩ[ʼnõΩ #=∂*ò KÕ~Úã¨∞Î#fl W=∂=Ú QÆ#Hõ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}OÖ’
`«Ñ¨ÙÊ KÕã¨∞Î#fl@¡~Ú`Õ ("≥#∞Hõ #=∂*ò KÕã¨∞Î#fl"å~°∞) ^•x QÆ∞iOz J`«xH˜
`≥eÜ«∞Ѩ~°Û\Ïxfl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∞#fl`ü (Ѩ^Œúu)QÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. XHõ™êi PÜ«∞# #=∂*ò KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞. P #=∂*òÖ’ Y∞~üP<£
áê~åÜ«∞}O KÕã¨∞Î#flѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞#‰õΩ H˘O`« ã¨OkQÆú`« Z^Œ∞Ô~·Ok. #=∂*ò
=ÚyOK«∞‰õΩ#fl `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò#∞ ''=∂ "≥O@ #=∂*ò KÕâß~å?——
Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. ''J=Ù#O_ô—— J<åfl~°∞ Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò. JO^Œ∞‰õΩ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) PÜ«∞xfl ''=∞i <Õ#∞ #=∂AÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ áê~åÜ«∞}O `«Ñ¨ÙÊQÍ
KÕã¨∞Î#flѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞~°∞ <å‰õΩ ^•x QÆ∞iOz ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ `≥eÜ«∞Ѩ~°K«ÖË^Œ∞!—— J<åfl~°∞.300

^Œ∞„¿+Ê~°}Å#∞ ^Œ∂~°O KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<ÕO^Œ∞‰õΩ #=∂A ã≤÷uÖ’<Õ 'J=ÓA
aÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— ѨÅHõ@O, =∞iÜ«Ú L=∞‡@O
L™ê‡<£ a<£ J|∞Öò Pãπ (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) ''Ã+`· å<£ <å‰õÄ, <å #=∂A‰õΩ
=∞iÜ«Ú Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°<åxH˜ =∞^茺֒ J_˘¤zÛ ##∞fl ã¨OkQÍúxH˜ QÆ∞iKÕâß_»∞——
Jx ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)‰õΩ q#flqOK«∞‰õΩ<åfl~°∞. JѨÙÊ_»∞
298. W=∂"£∞ #=g +¨~°ÇπÏ =Úã≤¡OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ^•=Ó^£ (JÖˇ·Ç≤Ïã¨ûÖÏO)
ã¨∞=∞^èŒ∞~°HõO~î° ã¨fi~åxfl Hõey =Ù<åfl~°∞.
299. J|∞Ì„~°*Ï˚Mò - P=∂e (2/44/1), |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl#ã¨~ü, ǨH˜"£∞.
300. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£, `«„ÉÏh, Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü (2/296/2) - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À,
lÜ«∂ =∞Mòkã≤ - JǨnãπ =ÚMÏÎ~°.

150

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

PÜ«∞# ''P Ã+·`å<£#∞
dO[Éò JO\Ï~°∞. g∞~°∞ QÆ#Hõ J`«x LxH˜x
'JTA aÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— Jx ѨÅHõO_ç. `«~åfi`« '^äŒ∂—
„QÆÇ≤ÏOz#@¡~Ú`Õ
Jx K≥ÑÊ≤ Z_»=∞"≥Ñ· Ù¨ =¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡ L=∞‡O_ç——301 Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞. L™ê‡<£ (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨
J#∞›) Hõ^äŒ#O: ''<Õ#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) K≥Ñ≤Ê#>Ë¡ KÕâß#∞.
JO`Õ, JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ <å #∞O_ç P Ã+·`å<£#∞ ^Œ∂~°O KÕâß_»∞.——302

~°∞‰õÄ
Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~#°î O ѨÓ~°~Î Ú# `«~åfi`« ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =ã¨ÅO¡ )
HÍ¿ãѨ٠JÖψQ =∞ø#OQÍ303 xÅ|_ç LO_Õ"å~°∞. P `«~åfi`« WO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞
'`«H©ƒÔ~ `«„Ç‘Ï=∂— JOâ◊O „H˜O^Œ q=iOz#@∞ìQÍ KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÃÑ·ÔH`ÕÎ"å~°∞ (~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞).304 `«^∞Œ Ѩi
'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü—305 JO@∂ ~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜ "≥o§áÈÜÕ∞
''#=∂*ò#∞ ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——H˜ D Ô~O_»∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å
"å~°∞.306
QÆ∞iOz P*Ï˝Ñ≤ã¨∂Î ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
301. JO>Ë - ѨÓiÎQÍ L"Õ∞‡Ü«∞_»O QÍh ÖË^• ˆH=ÅO QÍefã¨∂Î L"Õ∞‡Ü«∞_»O QÍh KÕÜ«∞
‰õΩO_® H˘kÌáê\˜ Lq∞‡`À ^äŒ∂, ^äŒ∂ Jx ѨÅHõ_»O - xǨÜ«∞ Wɡfl JÖò Jã‘~ü.
302. =Úã≤O¡ , JǨχ^£, W=∂"£∞ #=g ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: D ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ Ã+`· å#∞ ^Œ∞„¿+Ê~°}Å
#∞O_ç JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ â◊~°}∞ HÀ~°_»O, H˘kÌáê\˜ Lq∞‡`À Z_»=∞"≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ =¸_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ ^äŒ∂,
^äŒ∂ J#_»O =Úã¨ÎǨÏÉò (JaèÅ+¨}©Ü«∞O) Jx K≥ѨÊ|_çOk.
303. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
D =∞ø#O ˆH=ÅO ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) „ѨâßO`«OQÍ âßfiã¨
fã¨∞HÀQÆey#O`« Ѩi=∂}OÖ’ =ÙO_Õ^xŒ Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO (~°ÇÏ≤ =∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ) Jaè„áêÜ«∞
Ѩ_®¤~°∞.
304,305,306. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
D ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ =∞iÜ«Ú nx`Àáê@∞ ~°∞‰õÄ #∞O_ç ÖËKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ KÕ¿ã ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å Z<Àfl Ѩ~°OѨ~°Å`À x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_ç
LOk. =ÚQÆ∞æ~°∞ W=∂=ÚÅ∞, ZO`À =∞Ok ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«ÎÅ∞. ^è•i‡Hõ*Ï˝#∞Å Jaè=∞`«O
‰õÄ_® ~Ú^Õ. `åsMò Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü (15/78/2) #O^Œ∞ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH± rq`åO`«O
nxÃÑ· PK«iOKå~°x =ÙOk. H˘O^Œ~°∞ ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ LÅ=∂Å∞ ‰õÄ_® nxx ~Ú+¨ìѨ_®¤~°∞.
giÖ’ W=∂"£∞ J|∂ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ t+¨µºÅ∞ W™ê"£∞ a<£ Ü«¸ã¨∞Ѷπ YÖòc (=∞~°}O
210 Ç≤Ï.) ‰õÄ_® XHõ~°∞. PÜ«∞# QÆ∞iOz ~Úk =~°ˆH q=iOK«|_çOk.
J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ Wɡfl JǨχ^£ `«# '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò— - 60= ¿ÑrÖ’ `«# `«O„_ç ^•fi~å ~ÚÖÏ
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞: LMσ a<£ Pq∞~ü (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›) ^•fi~å #=∂AÖ’ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

151

''#=∂*ò KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î Z=~°~Ú<å =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ P^ÕtOz#^•x „ѨHÍ~°O
K«Hõ¯QÍ =ÙE KÕã¨∞HÀ"åe. `«~åfi`« ''JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü—— Jx K≥|∞`«∂ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞
ã¨∞ÎuOKåe, PÜ«∞# Ѩq„`«`«#∞ H˘xÜ«∂_®e. P `«~åfi`« Y∞~üP<£Ö’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ
`«#‰õΩ <ÕiÊOz# ^•xÖ’, `«#‰õΩ J#∞=∞u „Ѩ™êkOz# ^•xÖ’ `«#‰õΩ gÅ∞
Hõey#O`« Ѩ~#°î O KÕÜ∂« e. P `«~åfi`« ''JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü—— JO@∂ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ∂« e.
^ÕÇϨ OÖ’x H©à§◊ hfl "å\˜ "å\˜ ™ê÷<åÖ’¡ ‰õΩ^Œ∞@Ѩ_,ç „Ñ¨âßO`«`#« ∞ á⁄O^Õ q^èOŒ QÍ
~°∞‰õÄÖ’ Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞efl "≥∂HÍà◊¡ zѨÊÅÃÑ· LOKåe. ....(ã¨âı+¨O) D q^èŒOQÍ
KÕÜ«∞x "åÔ~=Ô~·<å, "åi #=∂A ã¨OѨÓ~°‚"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ ÉèÏqOK«|_»*ÏÅ^Œ∞.307

~°∞‰õÄ KÕ¿ã Ѩ^Œúu
~°∞‰õÄ ã≤u÷ Ö’ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«# J~°K`Õ ∞« efl"≥∂HÍà◊¡
g∞^Œ LOKÕ"å~°∞.308 JÖÏ KÕÜ∞« =∞x PÜ«∞# „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ ã¨~Ú`«O P^ÕtOKÕ"å~°∞.309
D q^èOŒ QÍ KÕÜ∞« =∞x PÜ«∞# ''#=∂*ò ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ Û° x =ºH˜—Î —H˜ ‰õÄ_® P*Ï˝ÑO≤ z
L<åfl~°∞. H˘xfl "åHͺŠ„H˜`«"Õ∞ D q+¨Ü«∞O QÆ_çzOk.
~°∞‰õÄÖ’ PÜ«∞# `«# Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å`À "≥∂HÍà◊¡#∞ Ѩ@∞ìH˘x L#fl@∞¡QÍ
"å\˜x QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ Jkq∞ LOKÕ"å~°∞.310 P ã¨=∞Ü«∞OÖ’ KÕu"Õà◊¡#∞ qâßÅOQÍ
LOK«∞`å~°∞.311 ''#=∂*ò#∞ ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î——H˜ WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x P*Ï˝Ñ≤ã¨∂Î
QÆ∞iOz ~ÚÖÏ LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk: XHÀ¯ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£‰õΩ |^Œ∞Å∞QÍ Ñ¨kѨÙ}ϺÅ∞
^˘~°∞‰õΩ`å~Ú.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - LMσ a<£ Pq∞~ü =∂@ - |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡OÖ’x Z=Ô~·<å
U^≥·<å ã¨`å¯~°ºO KÕÜ«∂Åx ã¨OHõeÊOK«∞H˘x, `«^Œ∞Ѩi ^•xx ѨÓiÎ KÕ¿ãÎ ^•xH˜
|^Œ∞Å∞QÍ J`«xH˜ 10 #∞O_ç 700 ѨÙ}ϺÅ∞ ^˘~°∞‰õΩ`å~Ú J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ
J#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ =ÙOk. =∞ixfl q=~åÅ HÀã¨O 'ã¨ÇÏ‘ J`«~Î wü Éò—-16= ¿Ñr K«∂_»QÅÆ ~°∞.
307. J|∂^•=Ó^£,#™ê~Ú. ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
308. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£.
309. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
310. |∞MÏs, J|∂ ^•=Ó^£.
311. ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
J|∂^•=Ó^£, `«Ü∂« eã‘ ‰õÄ_® nxx LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞. nx `«„v*ò - ã¨ÇÏ‘ J|∂^•=Ó^£:
809 #O^Œ∞ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.

152

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

PÜ«∞# ''~°∞‰õÄ KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞ h JiKÕ`«∞efl "≥∂HÍà◊¡ g∞^Œ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ. KÕu„"Õà◊¡#∞
=^Œ∞Å∞QÍ#∂, qâßÅOQÍ#∂ LOK«∞. „Ѩu J=Ü«∞=O `«# ™ê÷#OÖ’H˜ "≥à§ı áÈÜÕ∞
=~°‰õΩ J^Õ ã≤÷uÖ’ LO_»∞—— Jx ѨÙ~°=∂~ÚOKå~°∞.312 ~°∞‰õÄ ã≤÷uÖ’ PÜ«∞# `«#
"≥∂KÕ`«∞efl „ѨHõ¯Å‰õΩ Z_»OQÍ LOKÕ"å~°∞.313 ~°∞‰õÄÖ’ gѨÙ#∞ qâßÅOQÍ,314
hà◊√¡ áÈã≤<å J@∂ W@∂ *ÏiáÈ#O`« u#flQÍ LOKÕ"å~°∞.315
''~°∞‰õÄ ã≤÷uÖ’ h J~°KÕ`«∞efl "≥∂HÍà◊§ g∞^Œ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ. gѨÙ#∞ á⁄_»∞QÍæ
LOK«∞. ~°∞‰õÄ ã≤u÷ H˜ |ÖÏxfl=Ùfi Jx PÜ«∞# '#=∂A#∞ ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ Û° x =ºH˜—Î H˜
ã¨∂zOKå~°∞.316 ~°∞‰õÄÖ’ `«Å#∞ PÜ«∞# =OzQÍx, ÃÑ·ÔHuÎQÍx LOKÕ"å~°∞
HÍ^Œ∞.317 ÃÑ·QÍ PÜ«∞# (~°∞‰õÄ ã≤÷uÖ’) `«# `«Å#∞ gѨىõΩ ã¨=∂O`«~°OQÍ
LOKÕ"å~°∞.318

„ѨâßO`«OQÍ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕÜ«∞@O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i ("ålÉò)
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ZO`À „ѨâßO`«OQÍ ~°∞‰õÄ
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x PÜ«∞# '#=∂A#∞ ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î—H˜ ‰õÄ_®
P^ÕtOz L<åfl~°∞. QÆ`« JOâ◊O „áê~°OÉèíOÖ’ nx „Ѩ™êÎ=# =zÛOk.
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: ''g∞~°∞
~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ ÉÏQÍ KÕÜ«∞O_ç. Z=i KÕuÖ’ <å „áê}=ÚO^À PÜ«∞#
™êH˜∆QÍ K≥|∞`«∞<åfl#∞. g∞~°∞ ~°∞‰õÄ KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞, ã¨*ÏÌ KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞ <Õ#∞ q∞=∞‡efl
<å "≥#∞Hõ "≥·Ñ¨Ù #∞Oz K«∂ã¨∂Î LO\Ï#∞.——319
312. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£.
313. ui‡l, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
314. ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï |∞MÏs Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
315. `«„ÉÏh - "≥∂[q∞Öò Hõc~ü = ã¨w~ü, ["åÜ≥∞^£ =Úã¨fl^£ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ JǨχ^£,
Wɡfl=∂*Ï.
316. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
317. J|∂^•=Ó^£, |∞MÏs - A*ò JÖò d~å YÅѶ¨ÙÖò W=∂"£∞ – ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
318. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ P"å#
319. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. <Õ#∞ K≥ѨÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - WÖÏ K«∂_»QÆÅQÆ_»O XHõ "åã¨Î=O. ~Úk
PÜ«∞# (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) J^Œ∞ƒù`åÅÖ’ XHõ\ ˜. J~Ú`Õ Wk #=∂A
H˘~°ˆH „Ѩ`ÕºHõO. W`«~° ã¨O^Œ~åƒùÅÖ’ nxH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz# P^è•~°"Õ∞n ÖË^Œ∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

153

XHõ`«#∞ #=∂A KÕã¨∞Î<åfl_»∞. HÍx J`«#∞ ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨iQÍ KÕÜ«∞@O ÖË^Œ∞.
ã¨*ÏÌ ‰õÄ_® KåÖÏ `˘O^Œ~°`˘O^Œ~°QÍ KÕã¨∞Î<åfl_»∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨Å¡O) J`«}˜‚ K«∂ã≤, ''XHõ"Õà◊ W`«xH˜ W^Õ ã≤÷uÖ’ =∞~°}O QÆ#Hõ =¿ãÎ W`«#∞
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£ „Ѩ=HõÎ ^èŒ~°‡OÃÑ· =∞~°}˜Oz#@∞¡ HÍ^Œ∞. (HÍH˜ <≥`«∞Î~°∞Ö’ =Ú‰õΩ¯
á⁄_çz#@∞¡ W`«#∞ KåÖÏ "ÕQOÆ QÍ #=∂*ò KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl_»∞). ~°∞‰õÄ ã¨iQÍæ <≥~"° ~Õ Û° ‰õΩO_®
ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® ã¨∞_çQÍeÖÏ KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î, ÉÏQÍ PHõe`À LO_ç, XHõ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞
Y~°∂˚~° ѨO_»∞¡ u#flѨÊ\˜H© PHõe K«ÖÏ¡~°x =∞x+≤ÖÏO\˜"å_»∞—— Jx K≥áêÊ~°∞.320
`«# =Ú‰õΩ¯#∞ <ÕňHã≤ á⁄_çKÕ HÀ_ç ÖÏQÍ #=∂AÖ’ `˘O^Œ~° KÕÜ«∞=^ŒÌx
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«#‰õΩ LѨ^ÕtOKå~°h, #=∂AÖ’ #Hõ¯
ÖÏQÍ ‰õΩ_ç Z_»=∞Å∞ k‰õΩ¯Å∞ K«∂_»=^ŒÌx `«##∞ P^ÕtOKå~°x, HÀu ÖÏQÍ
Ñ≤~°∞^Œ∞efl, KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <ÕʼnõΩ PxOzÃÑ\˜ì, Ñ≤Hõ¯Å#∞, `˘_»Å#∞ xÅɡ\ ˜ì ‰õÄ~ÀÛ
~å^Œx ‰õÄ_® ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«#‰õΩ P^ÕtOKå~°x
J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) `≥eÜ«∞*Ëâß~°∞.321
''#=∂A #∞O_ç ^˘OyeOKÕ"å_»∞ JO^ŒiÖ’ÔHÖÏ¡ K≥_^¤» ˘OQÆ—— Jx ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) J<åfl~°∞. D =∂@ qx PÜ«∞# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞
(Pâ◊Û~°º áÈÜ«∂~°∞). ''^≥·=„=HÍÎ! Jã¨Å∞ Z=Ô~·<å #=∂AÖ’ #∞O_ç ZÖÏ
^˘Oye™êÎ~°∞?—— Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. ^•x HÍÜ«∞# ''JO>Ë J`«#∞ ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞
ѨÓiÎQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Û_»∞—— JO@∂ `«# =∂@‰õΩ J~°÷O K≥áêÊ~°∞.322
320. =Úã¨fl^£ J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ (340, 349/1), PEs- J~°ƒ~¸<£, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd, `«„ÉÏh
(1/192/1), lÜ«∂ - JÖò =Ú#ÎMÏ (276/1), Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü (2/226/2, 414/1,
8/14/1,76/2) - ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞
(1/82/1). Wɡfl |`åÎ, "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ÉèÏQÆOÖ’x J^Œ#Ѩ٠Ѩ^*Œ ÏÅO ÖˉΩõ O_® nxx |ÅѨ~ˆ Û
XHõ =Ú~°ûÖò ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ 'JÖò WÉÏ<å— (5/43/1) #O^Œ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
321. `«Ü«∂eã‘, JǨχ^£, Wɡfl JcÃ+·ÉÏ. Wk ǨÏã¨<£ ǨÏnã¨∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O <Õ#∞ ǨѶ≤*ò
J|∞ÌÖò ǨÏMò W+πab - JÖò JÇπÏHÍ"£∞ - ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O.1348 áê^Œ ã¨∂zHõÖ’
q=iOKå#∞.
322. Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (1/89/2), `«„ÉÏh, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc
‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.

154

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

XHõ`«#∞ #=∂A KÕã¨∂Î ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡ gѨÙx u#flQÍ LOK«@O ÖË^Œ∞
(^ŒQÆæ~À¡) #=∂A KÕã¨∞Î#fl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# „H©QÆO@
K«∂ѨÙÅ`À J`«xfl QÆ=∞xOKå~°∞. #=∂A ѨÓ~°Î~Ú# `«~åfi`« PÜ«∞# JO^Œsfl
L^ÕÌtOz ''=Úã≤¡OÖÏ~å! ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡ `«=∞ gѨÙefl u#flQÍ LOK«x "åi
#=∂A <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞—— Jx ÃÇÏK«ÛiOKå~°∞.323
=∞~À ǨÏnã¨∞ „ѨHÍ~°O PÜ«∞# ''~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡ gѨÙx u#flQÍ LOz
KÕÜ«∞|_»x #=∂A ã¨iáÈ^Œ∞—— Jx J<åfl~°∞.324

~°∞‰õÄÖ’ ѨiîOK«|_Õ ^Œ∞PÅ∞
(#=∂AÖ’x) D =ÚMϺOâ◊O (~°∞‰õÄ)Ö’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨Å¡O) „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#|_»∞ `«∞#fl qq^èŒ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ Ѩiîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞. JO>Ë
H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ XHõ ^Œ∞P Ѩiî¿ãÎ, =∞iH˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡ =∞~À ^Œ∞P ѨiîOKÕ"å~°#fl =∂@.
(1)
''ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò Jr"£∞—— =¸_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡325
ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞ H˘xfl™ê~°∞¡ =¸_»∞ HõO>Ë Z‰õΩ¯=™ê~°∞¡ ‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞# nxx ѨiîOKÕ
"å~°∞.326
XHõ™êi PÜ«∞# `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ D ^Œ∞P#∞ J^Õ Ñ¨xQÍ Ñ¨iîã¨∂Î
L<åfl~°∞. JÖÏ Ñ¨iãî ∂¨ Î LO_»@O=Å¡ PÜ«∞# ~°∞‰õÄ ã≤u÷ ^•^•Ñ¨Ù PÜ«∞# dÜ«∂"£∞
KÕã≤#O`« ã¨=∞Ü«∂xH˜ KÕ~°∞‰õΩOk. (qâı+¨"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë) P dÜ«∂"£∞Ö’<Õ PÜ«∞#
|Y~°, x™ê, Pe W„=∂<£ =O\˜ =¸_»∞ Ju ÃÑ^ŒÌ ã¨∂~åÅ∞ ѨiîOKå~°∞. JO`Õ
323. Wɡfl Jc Ã+É· Ï (1/89/1), Wɡfl=∂*Ï, JǨχ^£ - ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À. =∞ixfl q=~åʼnõΩ
'Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏÇ¨Ï - 2536 #∞ K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
324. J|∂ J"å#, J|∂^•=Ó^£, ã¨Ç¨Ïq∞ (61). ^•Ô~Y∞ufl nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
325. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, `«Ç¨g, |*Ï˚~ü, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (604)
=∞iÜ«Ú `«„ÉÏh D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ "≥∂[q∞Öò Hõc~ü #O^Œ∞ U_»∞QÆ∞~°∞ ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ ^•fi~å
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞ Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞ "≥e|∞zÛ# - ã¨∞ÉòǨ#
~°aƒÜ«∞Öò Jr"£∞ =¸_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ ѨÅHõ_®xH˜ P^è•~°O ÖË^Œ∞ - J#fl Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl
~°^Œ∞Ì KÕ™ÈÎOk.
326. D q+¨Ü«∞O ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) dÜ«∂ºO, ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞
(ã¨=∞Ü«∞O) XˆHÖÏQÆ =ÙO_Õq - Jx ã¨∂zOKÕ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Å #∞O_ç „QÆÇ≤ÏOK«|_çOk.
~åÉ’ÜÕ∞ J^蕺ܫ∞OÖ’ nx q=~åÅ∞ ~åÉ’`«∞<åfl~Ú.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

155

HÍ^Œ∞, D ã¨∞n~°… áê~åÜ«∞}O =∞^茺֒ PÜ«∞# „áê~°÷#Å∞, ^Õ=Ùx Hõ∆=∂aèHõ∆ÔH·
"Õ_∞» HÀà◊√§ ã¨~Ú`«O HÍxKåÛ~°∞. ( P q^èOŒ QÍ PÜ«∞# KÕã#≤ ~°∞‰õÄ ZO`« ã¨∞n~°O… QÍ
LO_çO^À TÇ≤ÏOK«O_ç). D q+¨Ü«∞O WO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂A J#fl
JOâ◊O „H˜O^Œ 139= ¿ÑrÖ’ ‰õÄ_® =zÛOk.
''ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò Jr"£∞ =aǨÏ"£∞kÇ‘Ï——
(2)
=¸_»∞™ê~°∞¡.327
ã¨∞|∂ƒÇ¨ï<£ Y∞^Œ∂Ìã¨∞<£328 ~°|∞ƒÖò

(3)
=∞ÖÏWHõu =„~°∂ÇπÏ.329
(4)

''ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ #Hõ JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ ~°|ƒ<å!
=aǨÏ"£∞kHõ JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤~üb——-D ^Œ∞P#∞ PÜ«∞# ~°∞‰õÄ, ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡
J`«ºkèHõOQÍ Ñ¨iîã¨∂Î LO_Õ"å~°∞. k=ºY∞~üP<£ P^ÕâßxH˜ KÕÜ«∞|_ç#
PK«~°}Ï`«‡Hõ "åºMϺ#OQÍ PÜ«∞# nxfl ¿Ñ~˘¯<Õ"å~°∞.330

(5)

JÖϡǨï=∞‡! ÅHõ ~°HÍ`«∞, = aHõ P=∞O`«∞, =ÅHõ JãπÅ"£∞`«∞ (JO`«
~°cƒ) Y+¨J ÅHõ ã¨"∞£ ~¸ =|ã¨s, = =Úvö = J*òg∞ (=∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’
327. ã¨Ç‘Ï - nxx J|∂^•=Ó^£, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, `«„ÉÏh =∞iÜ«Ú Éˇ·Ç¨ÏdÅ∞ LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
328. W=∂"£∞ J|∂ WãπǨMò ǨÏ~°c ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ã¨∞|∂ƒ JO>Ë - Jxfl ~°HÍÅ
Ö’áêʼnõΩ Jf`«∞_»∞. Y∞^Œ∂ãÌ π JO>Ë-J`«ºO`« â◊√Éè„í Ѩ^∞Œ _»∞. nx =∞~À J~°O÷ Ѩq„`«∞_»∞
‰õÄ_®. Wɡfl Ãã^· • ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ã¨∞|∂ƒ, Y∞^Œ∂ãÌ π JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ QÆ∞}qâıëêÅ∞.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, g\˜ ^•fi~å (JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞) H˘xÜ«∂_»_»O [~°∞QÆ∞`«∞Ok.
329. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
330. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. nxx k=ºY∞~üP<£ "åºMϺ#O Jx J#_»OÖ’ J~°÷O Uq∞@O>Ë 'h „ѨÉ∞íè =Ù ™È΄`«O`À áê@∞ PÜ«∞#
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ã¨∂H˜Î :
Ѩq„`« <å=∂x‡ 㨇iOK«∞, WOHÍ PÜ«∞# =∞xflOѨ٠"Õ_»∞HÀ— Ö’ Wq∞_ç =Ù#fl P[˝
„ѨHÍ~°O PK«iOKÕ"å~°∞.

156

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

''= W*Ïg∞—— Jx LOk) = Jã¨c (==∞ã¨ÎYÅ¡`331
ü aÇ‘Ï Y^Œg∞ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï
332
~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£)
(6)
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ÅHõ ~°HÍ`«∞, = aHõ P=∞O`«∞, =ÅHõ JãπÅ"£∞`«∞, = JÖˇ·Hõ
`«=Hõ¯Å`ü`«∞, JO`« ~°cƒ Y+¨J ã¨"£∞~¸ = |ã¨s = ^Œg∞ = ÅÇπÏg∞ =
J*òg∞ = Jã¨c eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ~°aƒÖò PÅg∞<£.333
(7)
ã¨∞ÉòÇ¨ # lÖò [Éò~∂° u =Öò =∞ʼnõÄu334 =Öò H˜ÉòiÜ«∂W =Öò J*ò=∞u^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) D ^Œ∞P#∞ `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂AÖ’
ѨiîOKå~°∞.335

~°∞‰õÄ ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ KÕÜ«∞@O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ~°∞‰õÄ, ~°∞‰õÄ `«~åfi`« ÖËz
xÅ|_»@O, P `«~åfi`« ã¨*ÏÌ =∞iÜ«Ú ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^躌 ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=@O- g@xfl\˜
Ѩi=∂}O ^•^•Ñ¨Ù ã¨=∂#OQÍ LO_Õk.336
331. JO>Ë - <å HÍà◊√¡ "≥∂ã¨∞Î#fl ÉèÏ~°O Jx J~°÷O.
332. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, `«Ç¨g, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl.
333. #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
334.
JÖò [|~°∂`ü =Öò =∞ʼnõÄ`ü - D Ô~O_»∞ Ѩ^•Å∞ J`«∞º#fl`«
HÀ=‰õΩ K≥Ok#q. "≥Ú^Œ\ k˜ 'JÖò A|~ü— #∞O_ç „QÆÇÏ≤ OK«|_çOk. nx J~°O÷ ~å[º=Ú,
JkèHÍ~°=Ú. JO>Ë - ZO`À Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ „HÀ^èŒ=Ú, ~å*ϺkèHÍ~åÅ#∞ Hõey=Ù#fl"å_»∞
Jx J~°÷O.
335. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
<À\ò: D U_»∞ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH ~°∞‰õÄÖ’ ѨiîOK«=KåÛ? J#fl q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ aè<åfl
aè„áêÜ«∞O =ÙOk. Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ XHõ Jaè„áêÜ«∂xH˜ ~åÖËHáõ ÈÜ«∂~°∞.
HÍh, W=∂"£∞ #=g =∂„`«O - XHõ"Õà◊ gÅ~Ú`Õ, Jxfl ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH ~°∞‰õÄÖ’
ѨiîOK«_»"Õ∞ L`«Î=∞O. WÖÏ, XHõ\ ˜Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯= ^Œ∞PÅ∞ ZHõ¯_≥·`Õ =KåÛ"≥∂,
"å@xfl\’¡#∂ ~ÚÖÏ KÕÜ«∞_»O „âıÜ«∞㨯~°O.
HÍh, JÖÏ¡=∂ #"åÉò ã≤nÌMò ǨÏã¨<£MÏ<£ (~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ) '#∞AÅ∞Öò J„ÉÏ~ü—- 84

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

157

~°∞‰õÄÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«~å^Œ∞
~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÖ’¡ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiîOK«\Ïxfl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) "åiOKÕ "å~°∞.337 WÖÏ JO@∞O_Õ"å~°∞: ''q#O_ç! ~°∞‰õÄÖ’
QÍx ã¨*ÏÌÖ’QÍx L#flѨÙÊ_»∞ Y∞~üP<£ ѨiOî K«=^ŒxÌ <å‰õΩ P^ÕtOK«|_çOk. Hõ#∞Hõ
g∞~°∞ ~°∞‰õÄÖ’ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ѩq„`«`#« ∞ H˘xÜ«∂_»O_ç. PÜ«∞# Q˘Ñ¨Ê`«<Œ åxfl H©iOÎ K«O_ç.
=∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ ÉÏQÍ „â◊q∞Oz „áê~°#÷ Å∞ KÕÜ∞« O_ç. g∞ „áê~°#÷ Å∞ P"≥∂kOK«|_Õ
J=HÍâ◊O LOk.——338

~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz ÖËz xÅ|_»@O, P ã≤÷uÖ’ ѨiîOK«|_Õ ^Œ∞PÅ∞
`«~åfi`« ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
''ã¨q∞JÖÏ¡Çï¨ e=∞<£ ǨÏq∞^ŒÇÏπ —— JO@∂ `«# gѨÙx ~°∞‰õÄ #∞Oz ÃÑHÔ· `Õ"Î å~°∞.339
¿Ñr #O^Œ∞ W=∂"£∞ #=g Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl =ºuˆ~H˜ã¨∂Î ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: #=∂A
KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î F™êi XHõ ^Œ∞P, =∞~À™êi WOHÀ ^Œ∞P ѨiîOKåe. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Jxfl
^Œ∞PÅ#∞ HõeÑ≤ XˆH™êi ѨiîOK«_®xH˜ P^è•~°"Õ∞n <å‰õΩ ^˘~°HõÖË^Œ∞. JO^Œ∞ˆH XHõ
a^ŒÌ`ü#∞ „Ѩ"Õâ◊ÃÑ@ì_»O Hõ<åfl ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ J#∞ã¨iOK«_»"Õ∞ L`«Î=∞O. W<å¬ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ, #"åÉò
ã≤nÌMò ǨÏã¨<£ QÍi Jaè„áêÜ«∞"Õ∞ ã¨Ô~·#k. HÍh, ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ ~°∞‰õÄ =ÔQ·~å "≥Ú^ŒÖˇ·#
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JǨχ^£.
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J~°c ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅÖ’ q=iOK«|_ç#k.
=Ú+≤¯Öò P™ê~ü, +¨~Ç° Ïπ =∂q LÖò P™ê~üÅÖ’ W=∂"£∞ `«Ç¨ g ‰õÄ_® W^Õ ^Œ$+≤Hì À}Ïxfl
q=iOKå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú W=∂"£∞ MÏã≤"£∞ ã¨~üY∞ã‘Î Jaè„áêÜ«∞O ‰õÄ_® W^Õ. QÆsÉò LÖò
ǨÏnãπ (2/70/1-2) #O^Œ∞ PÜ«∞# J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å ^•fi~å „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À
WÖÏ LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞: #=∂AÖ’ Z=Ô~<· å áêiáÈ~Ú# XO>ˇ "≥∂HõiÖË¡ q^èOŒ QÍ ZѨÙÊ_»∂
"≥∂HõiÅ¡ ‰õÄ_»^∞Œ . W=∂"£∞ Y∞ã‘Î WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D q+¨Ü∞« O ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜ "≥à§ı @ѨÙÊ\˜
Ѩiã≤÷uH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz#k. J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å q=iOz#^Õq∞O@O>Ë- #=∂A KÕ¿ã
=ºH˜Î - áêiáÈ~Ú# XO>ˇ ǨÏ_®q_çQÍ XHõ^•x `«~åfi`« =∞~˘Hõ "≥∂HÍÅ∞#∞ =∞_»z
‰õÄ~°∞ÛO@∞O^À JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞‰õΩO_®, „ѨâßO`«OQÍ =ÚO^Œ∞ Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ Éèí∂q∞ÃÑ·
PxOz `«^∞Œ Ѩi `«# "≥∂HÍà◊§#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOKåe. D q=~°}Ë XHõ =∞~üÑÓ¨¶ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’
‰õÄ_® `≥Å∞Ѩ|_çOk. `«^Œ∞Ѩi W=∂"£∞ Y∞ã‘Î ÃÑ·# ¿Ñ~˘¯#fl ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ q=iOKå~°∞.
HÍh, JÖÏ¡=∂ Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO QÍi - ''D q+¨Ü«∞O TǨÏHõO^Œx^Õ HÍHõ J~°|∞ƒÅÖ’
‰õÄ_® J™ê^è•~°}"≥∞ÿ#k—— J#fl =∂@Å∞ q∞H˜¯e Pâ◊Û~åºxfl Hõey™êÎ~Ú.
HÍh "Õ∞=Ú ã¨=∞iÊOz# P^è•~åÅ∞ PÜ«∞# Jaè„áêÜ«∂xfl YO_çã¨∞Î<åfl~Ú. "Õ∞g∞

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

167

PÜ«∞# WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞: =ÚYO ÖψQ Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å∂ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ™êÎ~Ú.
Hõ#∞Hõ g∞~°∞ g∞ =ÚMÏxfl <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOz#ѨÙ_»∞ Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ ‰õÄ_® <ÕÅÃÑ·
PxOK«O_ç. JÖψQ =ÚMÏxfl ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËÑ≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ ‰õÄ_® ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËѨO_ç.368
PÜ«∞# ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ Ô~O_»∞ J~°KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOz ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O fã¨∞H˘<Õ
"å~°∞. "å\˜x KåÑ≤ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞369 =∞iÜ«Ú Jxfl „"Õà◊§#∞370 HõeÑ≤ "å\˜x dÉÏ¡
kâ◊QÍ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.371
PÜ«∞# `«# ~Ô O_»∞ J~°K`Õ ∞« Å#∞, `«# ~Ô O_»∞ Éè∞í *ÏʼnõΩ372 ã¨=∂O`«~O° QÍ,
XHÀ¯™êi `«# K≥=ÙʼnõΩ373 ã¨=∂O`«~°OQÍ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞. PÜ«∞# `«# =Ú‰õΩ¯#∞
=∞iÜ«Ú #∞^Œ∞\˜x <ÕÅÃÑ· QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ PxOKÕ"å~°∞.374
WÖÏ '#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î—H˜ ‰õÄ_® P^ÕtOKå~°∞: #∞=Ùfi ã¨*ÏÌ
QÆ\ Qì˜ Í KÕ~Ú. =∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ WÖÏ =ÙOk: #∞=Ùfi ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ #∞^Œ∞\˜x,
Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ - Z=ÚHõÅhfl <≥=∞‡kQÍ `«=∞ `«=∞ ™ê÷<åÖ’¡H˜ Ü«∞^ä•`«^èŒOQÍ
=KÕÛ@@∞¡ - QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOK«∞.375
q+¨Ü∂« xfl ¿+Mò `«∞"≥l· s (^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}ÏxH˜) q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ KåÖÏ ã¨=∞„QÆOQÍ q=iOKå=Ú.
|Ǩïâß Jk =Ú„kOKåeû LOk.
368. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/79/2), JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx 'ã¨Ç‘Ï—QÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞
=∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. <Õ#∞ nx `«„v*ò 'W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò— (313)
#O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.
369. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
370. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
371. ɡ·Ç¨Ïd „Ѩ=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À, „"Õà◊§#∞ dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù =ÙOK«_»O QÆ∞iOz Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ
(1/82/2) =∞iÜ«Ú ã≤~å*òÅ∞ =∞~À Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
372,373. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡l =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl JÖò =ÚÅH˜¯<£ (27/2) nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞ `«„v*ò 'W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò— (309) Ö’ ~Ú=fi|_çOk.
374. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
375. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

168

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

=∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# WÖÏ L^ÀƒkèOKå~°∞: Z=Ô~·`Õ `«# =Ú‰õΩ¯#∞ #∞^Œ∞\˜
ÖψQ <ÕÅÃÑ· QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ PxOK«_À J`«x #=∂*ò <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞376 =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# `«#
Ô~O_»∞ "≥∂HÍà◊§#∞, HÍe „"Õà◊§ H˘#Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ PxOKÕ"å~°∞377 =∞iÜ«Ú
(HÍà◊§ÃÑ· ÉèÏQÍxfl) „"Õà◊§`À ã¨Ç¨ dÉÏ¡ kâ◊QÍ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞378 =∞iÜ«Ú HÍe
=∞_»=∞Å#∞ HõeÑ≤ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞379 =∞iÜ«Ú Ô~O_»∞ áê^•Å#∞ ÖËÑ≤ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞380
=∞iÜ«Ú WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x P^ÕtOKÕ"å~°∞381 =∞iÜ«Ú `«# Ô~O_»∞ HÍà◊§ „"Õà◊§#∞
֒Ѩe "≥·Ñ¨Ù‰õΩ =Oz dÉÏ¡ kâ◊QÍ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.382
~¸ÖÏ Ô~O_»∞ J~°KÕ`«∞Å∞, Ô~O_»∞ "≥∂HÍà◊√§, Ô~O_»∞ áê^•Å∞, #∞^Œ∞~°∞
=∞iÜ«Ú =Ú‰õΩ¯, "≥Ú`«OÎ U_»∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅ ^•fi~å ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ =
ã¨Å¡O) ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =ã¨ûÖÏO) PYi Ô~O_»∞
J=Ü«∞"åÅ#∞ XˆH J=Ü«∞=OQÍ x~å÷iOKå~°∞. `«^•fi~å ~ÚÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: <åH˜ÖÏ
P*Ï˝ÑO≤ K«|_çOk. =∞~À LÖËY¡ #OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ =ÙOk: =∂ JO^ŒiH© U_»∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅ
^•fi~å ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ«∞=∞x P*Ï˝Ñ≤OK«|_çOk. #∞^Œ∞\˜ ^•fi~å - PÜ«∞# `«# KÕux
=Ú‰õΩ¯ g∞^Œ ‰õÄ_® =ÙOKå~°∞ - Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å ^•fi~å (=∞~À q^èŒOQÍ K≥áêÊÅO>Ë
~Ô O_»∞ J~°K`Õ ∞« Å ^•fi~å), ~Ô O_»∞ "≥∂HÍà◊§ ^•fi~å =∞iÜ«Ú ~Ô O_»∞ áê^•Å ÃÑÉ· Ïè QÆO
376. ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, `«„ÉÏh (3/140/1) =∞iÜ«Ú J|∂ ã¨~¸"£∞ '`åsMò Jãπ|Ǩ<£—Ö’.
377. ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À - HÍe „"Õà◊§#∞ dÉÏ¡ kâ◊QÍ =ÙOKÕ q+¨Ü«∞O Wɡfl Jc
Ã+·ÉÏ (1/82/2) =∞iÜ«Ú ã≤~å*ò =^ŒÌ =∞~À Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk. ǨH˜"£∞
nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
378. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£ =∞iÜ«Ú J^Œ#Ѩ٠=∂@Å∞ =Úã¨fl^£ Wɡfl ~åǨ˙Ü«∞Ö’
=Ù<åfl~Ú. Wɡfl ™ê^£ (4/157), Wɡfl L=∞~ü ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOz# q+¨Ü«∞O Uq∞@O>Ë
- PÜ«∞# #=∂AÖ’ `«# â◊s~°ÑÙ¨ „Ѩu ÉèÏQÍhfl dÉÏ¡ kâ◊QÍ =ÙOK«_®xH˜ ~Ú+¨Ñì _¨ "Õ å~°∞,
z=iH˜ KÕu ÉÁ@# „"Õex ‰õÄ_®.
379. `«Ç¨q, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (654), ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_®
nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
380. ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°O`À
381. ui‡l, ã≤~å*ò, ǨH˜"∞£ nxx ã¨ÇÏ‘ QÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©Éqíè OKå~°∞.
382. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl =∂*Ï, xǨÜ«∞
Wɡfl JÖò P™ê~ü.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

169

^•fi~å =∞iÜ«Ú =∂‰õΩ |@ìÅ#∞, "≥O„@∞HõÅ#∞ =∞_»K«∞HÀ=@O,383 JÅOHõiOK«∞
HÀ=_»O x¿+kèOK«|_çOk.384
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞: =∞x+≤`Àáê@∞ J`«x U_»∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅ∞ - #∞^Œ∞~°∞,
Ô~O_»∞ J~°KÕ`«∞Å∞, Ô~O_»∞ "≥∂HÍà◊√§, Ô~O_»∞ áê^•Å∞ ‰õÄ_® ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ™êÎ~Ú.385
PÜ«∞# XHõ =ºH˜Îx `«# "≥O„@∞HõÅ#∞ "≥#∞Hõ "≥·Ñ¨Ù [_»QÍ =∞_»K«∞H˘x #=∂A
KÕã¨∞ÎO_»_»O K«∂ã≤386 WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: W`«x áÈeHõ - `«# Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ "≥#H˜¯
Hõ@∞ìH˘x #=∂A KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î =O\˜k.387 WOHÍ WÖÏ ‰õÄ_® J<åfl~°∞: Wk
Ã+·`å#∞ ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ „Ѩ^Õâ◊=Ú. JO>Ë J`«x [_» P~°OÉèí=∞ÜÕ∞º KÀ@∞ (ÃÑ_»`«Å)
Ã+·`å#∞ ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ ã¨÷ÅO J#fl=∂@.388
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# Ô~O_»∞ "≥∂KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ·
Ѩ~°KÕ"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞.389 ÃÑ·QÍ "å\˜x <ÕÅ #∞O_ç ÃÑ·H˜ ÖËÑ≤ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
383. <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë-D x¿+^èŒO ˆH=ÅO #=∂A =~°ˆH Ѩiq∞`«O HÍ^Œ∞. ÃÑ·QÍ
#=∂A K«k"Õ =ºH˜Î =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ<Õ `«# "≥O„@∞HõÅ∞, |@ìÅ#∞ =∞_»K«∞H˘x #=∂AÖ’H˜
„Ѩ"ÕtOz<å "≥∞*Ïi\© LÅ=∂Å Jaè„áêÜ«∞O "Õ∞~°‰õΩ J`«#∞ ‰õÄ_® D x¿+^èŒOÖ’H˜
=KÕÛ™êÎ_»∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O – ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =∞QÆ"åiH˜ `«#
"≥O„@∞HõÅ#∞ [_»QÍ =∞_»K«∞H˘x #=∂A K«^Œ=_®xfl "åiOKå~°∞ - J#fl q+¨Ü«∞O
^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® É’^èŒÑ¨_»∞`«∞Ok. nx q=~°} =ÚO^Œ∞ ~åÉ’`ÀOk.
384. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O - nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò (310)Ö’ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
385,386. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£
387. Wɡfl JÖò Jã‘~ü WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: ǨÏnã¨∞ J~°÷O Uq∞@O>Ë- #=∂A K«k"Õ =ºH˜Î
"≥O„@∞HõÅ∞ XHõ"àÕ ◊ =^Œ∞Å∞QÍ =ÙO>Ë ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ Jq ‰õÄ_® <ÕÅ#∞ `å‰õΩ`å~Ú.
JO^Œ∞Hˆ J`«xH˜ "≥O„@∞HõÅ ã¨"∞Õ `«OQÍ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕã#≤ ѨÙ}ºO Åaèã∞¨ OÎ k. =∞i "≥O„@∞HõÅ∞
=∞_»K∞« HÀ=@O JO>Ë "å\˜x ã¨*ÏÌ KÕÜ∞« ‰õΩO_® PѨ_"» ∞Õ . JO^Œ∞Hˆ J`«}‚˜ ("≥O„@∞HõÅ∞
=∞_»K«∞H˘#fl"å}˜‚) KÕ`«∞Å∞ "≥#‰õΩ¯ Hõ@∞ì‰õΩ#fl "å_ç`À áÈÅÛ_»O [iyOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
D =ºH˜Î ã¨*ÏÌ KÕã≤#ѨÙÊ_»∞ J`«x KÕ`«∞Å∞ ("≥#‰õΩ¯ Hõ\ ˜ì =Ù#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ) ã¨*ÏÌ
KÕÜ«∞ÖË=Ù.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - |Ǩïâß D P[˝ ˆH=ÅO =∞QÆ "åiH˜ HÍ=K«∞Û. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl
W=∂"£∞ ëœHÍh, Wɡfl JÖò J~°c ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
388. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ui‡r nxx 'ǨÏã¨<£— QÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£
nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, ã¨Ç‘Ï J|∂^•=Ó^£ (653)
389. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£

170

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

"å\˜x `«# „ѨHõ¯Å #∞O_ç ZO`« ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOKÕ"å~°O>Ë, PÜ«∞# K«OHõÅ
`≥Å¡^Œ#O, "≥#∞Hõ "≥·Ñ¨Ù #∞O_ç HõxÑ≤OKÕk.390 WOHÍ, "Õ∞HõÑ≤Å¡ U^≥·<å PÜ«∞#
KÕ`«∞Å ã¨O^Œ∞Å #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~åÅ#∞H˘<åfl ^Œ∂iáÈQÆeˆQk.391 D ã≤÷uÖ’ PÜ«∞#
ZO`« ¿ãѨ٠=ÙO_Õ"å~°O>Ë-^•xx K«∂ã≤ H˘O`« =∞Ok ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞ WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
PÜ«∞#, ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ `«# "≥∂KÕ`«∞Å#∞ `«# „ѨHõ¯Å #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOz# f~°∞#∞
K«∂ã≤ =∂‰õΩ PÜ«∞#ÃÑ· *Ïe HõeˆQk.392 nx QÆ∞iOz P^Õtã¨∂Î PÜ«∞# WÖÏ
J<Õ"å~°∞: g∞~°∞ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞ J~°KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOK«O_ç =∞iÜ«Ú
"≥∂KÕ`«∞Å#∞ ÖËÑ≤ =ÙOK«O_ç.393 =∞iÜ«Ú g∞Ö’ Z=~°∞ ‰õÄ_® `«# "≥∂KÕ`«∞Å#∞
‰õΩHõ¯ÖÏQÍ (<ÕÅÃÑ·) Ѩ~°K«~å^Œ∞.394
=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ Ѩ^•Å∞ ~ÚÖÏ =Ù<åfl~Ú: g∞Ö’ U XHõ¯~°∞ ‰õÄ_®
"≥∂KÕ`«∞Å#∞ ‰õΩHõ¯Ñ¨~°KÕ q^èŒOQÍ (<ÕÅÃÑ·) Ѩ~°K«HõO_ç395 =∞iÜ«Ú J~°KÕ`«∞Å#∞
<ÕÅÃÑ· QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ PxOK«O_ç, "å\˜x Éèí∞*ÏÅ #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOK«O_ç. XHõ"Õà◊
g∞iÖÏ KÕ¿ãÎ JѨÙÊ_»∞ g∞`Àáê@∞ g∞ J=Ü«∞"åÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ™êÎ~Ú.396

ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ „ѨâßO`«`«#∞ Jx"å~°ºO KÕ¿ã JOâ◊O
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÅ#∞ =∞OzQÍ
KÕÜ«∞=∞x P^ÕtOKÕ"å~°∞. JÖÏ KÕÜ«∞x "å}˜‚ - PHõe`À =ÙO_ç XHõ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞
Y~°∂˚~°Ñ¨Ù ѨO_»∞¡ u<Õ "å_ç`À áÈÖËÛ"å~°∞. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ P ѨO_»∞¡ J`«xH˜ U q^èŒO
QÍ#∂ LѨÜ≥∂QÆѨ_»ÖË=Ù =∞iÜ«Ú J`«x QÆ∞iOz 'J`«ºO`« Ç‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ# ^˘OQÆ—
Jx J<Õ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# - Z=Ô~·<å ~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÅÖ’ gѨÙ#∞
u#flQÍ =ÙOK«~À J`«x #=∂*ò ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°^Œx `ÕeÛK≥áêÊ~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O
390. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, nx `«„cè*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò (359)Ö’ =ÙOk.
391. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£
392. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl =∂*Ï - ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À
393. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
394. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£
395. JǨχ^£, ui‡r nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
396. Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/80/2), =∞Mòkã‘ 'JǨÏnãπ =ÚMÏÎ~°—, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. xǨÜ«∞-Wɡfl JÖò Jã‘~ü#∞ ‰õÄ_®
ã¨O„ѨkOK«=K«∞Û.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

171

ã¨q=~°OQÍ '~°∞‰õÄ J^蕺ܫ∞O—Ö’ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ<Õ K«iÛOK«|_çOk =∞iÜ«Ú '#=∂A
ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜Î—H˜ ѨÓiÎ „ѨâßO`«`«`À ~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞ KÕÜ«∞=∞x
P*Ï˝Ñ≤Oz=Ù<åfl~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O ‰õÄ_® ã¨*ÏÌÅ q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ =zÛ =Ù#flk.

ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ ѨiîOK«=Åã≤# ^Œ∞PÅ∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)D ã≤÷uÖ’ (ã¨*ÏÌÖ’) „H˜O^Œ ¿Ñ~˘¯#
|_»¤ ^Œ∞PÅÖ’ U^À XHõ\ ˜ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.
1)
'ã¨ÉòǨ#~°aƒÜ«∞Öò PÖÏ— =¸_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ ѨeˆH "å~°∞.397
XHÀ¯™êi ^•x Hõ<åfl Z‰õΩ¯=™ê~°∞¡ ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞.398
XHõ™êi `«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ PÜ«∞# nxx ZO`«QÍ Ñ¨iOî Kå~°O>Ë PÜ«∞#
ã¨*ÏÌ, PÜ«∞# dÜ«∂ºO‰õΩ ã¨=∂#"≥∞ÿáÈ~ÚOk. =∞i K«∂¿ãÎ dÜ«∂ºOÖ’
PÜ«∞# |Y~°, Pe W„=∂<£, x™ê ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ ѨiOî z =ÙO_Õ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
d~å`ü =∞^躌 Ö’ JHõ¯_»H¯õ _® Py '`«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂A— JOâ◊OÖ’ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ
q=iOz#@∞¡ ^Œ∞PÅ∞, Jã¨QÎ á∑ ê¶ ~ü (=∞xflOѨ٠„áê~°#÷ Å∞) ‰õÄ_® KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
2)
'ã¨∞ÉòǨ# ~°aƒÜ«∞Öò PÖÏ =aǨÏq∞ÌÇ≤Ï— =¸_»∞
399
™ê~°∞¡ ѨeˆH"å~°∞.
3)
ã¨∞|∂ƒÇ¨ï<£ Y∞^Œ∂ã¨∞<£400 ~°|∞ƒÖò =∞ÖÏWHõu
=„~°∂ÇπÏ401
4)
ã¨∞ÉòǨ#Hõ JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ~°|ƒ<å =a
ǨÏq∞ÌHõ JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤s¡. D ^Œ∞P#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
397. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl =∂*Ï, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, `«Ç¨q, |*Ï˚~ü =∞iÜ«Ú `«„ÉÏh
nxx U_»∞QÆ∞~°∞ ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. 325= áê^Œã¨∂zHõ#∞ ‰õÄ_®
K«∂_»=K«∞Û.
398. 326= áê^Œã¨∂zHõ K«∂_»O_ç.
399. ã¨ÇÏ‘ - nxx J|∂^•=Ó^£, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl, JǨχ^£, `«„ÉÏh =∞iÜ«Ú ÉˇÇ· Ϩ d LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
400. ã¨|∂ÇπÏ JO>Ë Jxfl ~°HÍÅ K≥_»∞Å #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOK«|_ç#k Jx, Y∞^Œ∂Ìãπ
JO>Ë J`«ºO`« â◊√Éèí"≥∞ÿ#k Jx J~°÷O.
401. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#

172

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã¨Å¡O) ~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÅÖ’ Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú D
^Œ∞P k=ºY∞~üP<£‰õΩ qâı¡+¨} Jx K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞.402

5)

6)

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ ÅHõ ã¨[^£`«∞, =aHõ P=∞#∞Î, =ÅHõ J㨡"£∞`«∞ = J#Î ~°cƒ
ã¨[^Œ =*ò Ç≤ÏÜ«∞ eÅ¡r YÅYǨï = ã¨=fi~°Ç¨ï Ѷ¨ JÇπÏã¨# ã¨∞=~°Ç¨˙,
= +¨Yö ã¨"£∞JǨ˙, = |ã¨~Ǩ˙, Ѷ¨`«ÉÏ~° HõÖϡǨ˙ JÇπÏ ã¨#∞Öò
MÏev<£.403
JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡Q∑ Ѷs≤ ¡ [<£c
‰õΩšǨ˙ kYöǨ˙, =lšǨ˙ = J=fiÅǨ˙ = Pd~°Ç¨˙ = JÖÏ
xÜ«∞`«Ç¨˙ = ã≤„~°Ç¨˙.404

7)

8)

9)

ã¨[^ŒÅHõ ã¨"ån = YÜ«∂b = P=∞# aHõ Ѷ¨ÙPn J|∂L a<Õ=∞uHõ
JÅÜ«∞º ǨÏn Ü«∞n ==∂ [<≥·`«∞ JÖÏ #Ѷ‘û.405
ã¨∞ÉòǨ#lÖò [Éò~°∂u =Öò
406
=∞ʼnõÄu =Öò H˜„aÜ«∂W =Öò J*ò=∞u. Wk =∞iÜ«Ú nx `«~åfiu
^Œ∞P ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ ѨiOî KÕ
"å~°∞.
ã¨∞ÉòǨ#Hõ JÖϡǨï=∞‡ =a ǨÏq∞ÌHõ ÖÏ
407
WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÖÏ¡ J#Î.

402. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
403. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, `«Ç¨q, ^•Ô~Y∞ufl
404. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
405. Wɡfl #ã¨~ü, |*Ï˚~ü, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. HÍh [ǨÏc nxx
YO_çOKå~°∞. J~Ú#ѨÊ\˜H© D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨=∞iúOKÕ q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ KåÖÏ =Ù<åfl~Ú.
"å\˜x <Õ#∞ 'Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO—Ö’ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå#∞.
406. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
407. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl #ã¨~ü.

173

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑ Ѷ≤s¡ =∂ Jãπ~°~°∞Î ==∂

10)
PÅ#∞Î.408
11)

JÖϡǨï=∞‡*ò JÖò Ѷ‘ Yeƒ #∂~°<£, =Ѷ‘ e™êh #∂~°<£, =[JÖò Ѷ‘ ã¨"£∞
D #∂~°<£, =[JÖò Ѷ‘ |ã¨s #∂~°<£ =[JÖò q∞<£ `«Ç¨Ïu #∂~°<£, =[
JÖò q∞<£ ᶜd #∂~°<£ = J<£ Ü«∞g∞x #∂~°<£, = J<£ Ü«∞™êi #∂~°<£,
=[JÖò J=∂q∞ #∂~°<£, =[JÖò YÖòѶ‘ #∂~°<£, =[JÖò Ѷ‘ #Ѷ‘û
#∂~°<£, = Pl"£∞b #∂~°<£. 409
12)
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Wxfl JTA ai*ÏHõ q∞<£ ã¨YuHõ = JTA a=ÚP
á¶êuHõ q∞<£ LY∂ |uHõ = JTA aHõ q∞<£Hõ ÖÏLMòã‘ ã¨<å J<£ JÖˇ·Hõ
J#Î Hõ=∂ Jãπ<≥·`« JÖÏ #Ѷ≤ûHõ.410

ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ Y∞~üP<£ Ѩ~î°#O x¿+^èŒO
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ~°∞‰õÄ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨*ÏÌÖÖ’ Y∞~å<£
ѨiîOK«_®xfl "åiOKÕ"å~°∞. ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ gÖˇ·#O`« Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ ^Œ∞P KÕÜ«∞=∞x
P*Ï˝Ñ≤OKÕ"å~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O ~°∞‰õÄ J^蕺ܫ∞OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® q=iOK«|_çOk.
WOHÍ WÖÏ ‰õÄ_® J<Õ"å~°∞: ^•ã¨∞_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌ ã≤÷uÖ’ `«# „ѨÉèí∞=Ù‰õΩ J`«ºO`«
^ŒQ~æÆ Q° Í =ÙO\Ï_»∞. JO^Œ∞Hˆ g∞~°∞ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ gÖˇ#· O`« Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∞« O_ç.411
408. Wɡfl JcÃ+É· Ï (62/112/1), #™ê~Ú, ǨH˜"∞£ nxx ã¨ÇÏ‘ QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
[ǨÏc nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
409,410. =Úã¨#fl"£∞, J|∂ J"å#, =Úã≤flѶπ Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (12/106/2, 112/1)
411. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd. D ǨÏnã¨∞ `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò (456)Ö’ =ÙOk.

174

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã¨*ÏÌ#∞ á⁄_çyOK«_»O
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) ã¨*ÏÌ ^•^•Ñ¨Ù ~°∞‰õÄ ÖÏQÍ á⁄_»∞QÍæ
=ÙO_Õk. XHÀ¯™êi H˘xfl Jx"å~°º HÍ~°}ÏÅ =Å¡ ^•xx =∂=¸Å∞ Hõ<åfl
WOHÍ H˘OK≥O á⁄_çyOKÕ"å~°∞. nxH˜ ã¨O|OkèOz XHõ ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° _»∞ WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) F™êi AǨÏ~ü ÖË^• Jã¨~ü #=∂A
HÀã¨O ǨÏã¨<£ ÖË^• Ǩï¿ã<£#∞ `«# "≥O@ fã¨∞‰õΩx =KåÛ~°∞. `«#∞ #=∂A
K«kqOK«_®xH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞‰õΩ Hõke#ѨÙÊ_»∞ Ñ≤Å¡"å}˜‚ `«# ‰õΩ_ç„ѨHõ¯ ‰õÄ~ÀÛɡ\Ïì~°∞
=∞iÜ«Ú JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü JO@∂ #=∂A „áê~°OaèOKå~°∞. HÍh #=∂A =∞^躌 Ö’
PÜ«∞# XHõ ã¨*ÏÌ#∞ ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ KÕâß~°∞. #=∂A K«k"Õ "åiÖ’ <Õ#∞ <å `«Å#∞
ÃÑ·ÔHuÎ K«∂¿ãÎ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ã¨*ÏÌÖ’ =ÙO_»_»O =∞iÜ«Ú
Ñ≤Å¡"å_»∞ PÜ«∞# gѨÙÃÑ· ‰õÄ~˘Ûx =ÙO_»_»O HõxÑ≤OzOk. <Õ#∞ =∞m§ ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜
"≥o§áÈÜ«∂#∞. #=∂A =Úyã≤# `«~åfi`« [# ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)`À WÖÏ JOk: F ^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! g∞~°∞ #=∂A =∞^茺֒ XHõ
ã¨*ÏÌ#∞ ã¨∞n~°…OQÍ KÕâß~°∞. ^•xH˜ =∂‰õΩ U^À [iyOk Jh ÖË^• g∞ÃÑ· =Ç‘Ï
J=`«i™ÈÎO^Õ"≥∂ J#fl J#∞=∂#O HõeyOk. ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ["åaã¨∂Î WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: JÖÏO\˜^Õg∞ [~°QÆÖË^Œ∞. Jã¨Å∞ q+¨Ü«∞O
Uq∞@O>Ë <å D `«#Ü«Ú_»∞ <åÃÑ· ™êfis KÕã∞¨ <Î åfl_»∞. J`«#∞ ã¨O`«$Ñ≤Î K≥O^Õ=~°‰Ωõ
gѨ٠#∞O_ç J`«}˜‚ „H˜Ok kOK«_®xH˜ <Õx+¨ìѨ_»ÖË^Œ∞.412
=∞~À ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ WÖÏ LOk: ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
F™êi #=∂*ò KÕã¨∂Î =Ù<åfl~°∞. PÜ«∞# ã¨*ÏÌÖ’H˜ "≥à◊§QÍ<Õ Ç¨Ïã¨<£ =∞iÜ«Ú
Ǩï¿ã<£Å∞ PÜ«∞# gѨÙ<≥H˜¯ QÆO`«∞ÖËÜ«∞_»O „áê~°OaèOKå~°∞. ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞ "åix
PѨ_®xH˜ „Ѩܫ∞uflã¨∞ÎO>Ë PÜ«∞# "åix "åiã¨∂Î - Ñ≤Å¡Å#∞ P_»∞HÀx=fiO_ç
Jx ã¨O[˝ KÕâß~°∞. `«^Œ∞Ѩi PÜ«∞# #=∂A =ÚyOz# `«~åfi`« ~Ú^ŒÌsfl `«#
X_çÖ’ ‰õÄ~ÀÛɡ@∞ì‰õΩx WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: Z=~°~Ú`Õ ##∞fl „¿Ñq∞™êÎ~À "å~°∞ D
W^ŒÌih „¿Ñq∞OKåe.413
412. #™ê~Ú, Wɡfl J™êH˜~ü (4/257/1-2), ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞, [ǨÏc
‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
413. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (887)Ö’ Wɡfl =∞ãπT^£ ^•fi~å 'ǨÏã¨<£— Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd
(2/263) Ö’ =Ú~°ûÖò Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ D J^蕺ܫ∞O

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

175

ã¨*ÏÌ qt+¨ì`«
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ J<Õ"å~°∞: „Ѩà◊Ü«∞O ~ÀA
<Õ#∞ <å J#∞K«~° ã¨=∂*ÏxH˜ K≥Ok# „Ѩu XHõ¯}©‚ QÆ∞~°∞ÎѨ@∞ì`å#∞. nxH˜
ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞ =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ - F ^≥·=„Ѩ=HÍÎ! JO`« ÉèÏs [# ã¨=Ú„^ŒOÖ’, "åix
g∞Ô~ÖÏ QÆ∞~°∞ÎѨ@ìQÆÅ∞QÆ∞`å~°∞? Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. PÜ«∞# ["åaã¨∂Î WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
Jhfl #Å∞ѨÙ~°OQÆ∞ QÆ∞„~åÅ∞ HõÅ XHõ ^˘_À¡ g∞~°∞ „Ѩ"ÕtOz JO^Œ∞Ö’ QÆ#Hõ
=ÚYO =∞iÜ«Ú HÍà◊√§ `≥Å∞Ѩ٠~°OQÆ∞ Hõey „ѨHÍtã¨∂Î =Ù#fl =∞~˘Hõ QÆ∞„~°O
‰õÄ_® XHõ"àÕ ◊ =ÙO>Ë g∞~°∞ ^•xx QÆ∞~°∞ΠѨ@Öì ~Ë å? ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞ ã¨=∂^è•#q∞ã¨∂-Î
xã¨ûO^ÕÇϨ OQÍ QÆ∞~°∞ÑÎ @¨ Qì ÅÆ O J<åfl~°∞. ^•xH˜ PÜ«∞# WÖÏ Ñ¨eHÍ~°∞: <å J#∞K«~°
ã¨=∂[Ѩ٠=ÚMÏÅ∞, HÍà◊√§ KÕ`«∞Å∞ "åi ã¨*ÏÌ, =EÅ HÍ~°}OQÍ P ~ÀA
„ѨHÍtã¨∂Î =ÙO\Ï~Ú.414
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ ‰õÄ_® J<Õ"å~°∞: JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ H˘O`« =∞Ok #~°Hõ "åã¨∞efl
Hõ~∞° }˜OK«^eŒ z#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥=· ^Œ∂`«Å`À-Z=Ô~`· Õ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ #∞ P~åkèOKÕ"å~À, "åix
#~°HõO #∞O_ç |Ü«∞@‰õΩ fÜ«∞O_ç— Jx P*Ï˝Ñ≤™êÎ_»∞. JѨÙÊ_»∞ ^≥·= ^Œ∂`«Å∞
ã¨*ÏÌ zǨflÅ ^•fi~å<Õ "åix (QÆ∞~°∞ÎѨ\ ˜ì) #~°HõO #∞O_ç |Ü«∞\˜H˜ f™êÎ~°∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ , ã¨*ÏÌ zǨflÅ∞#fl KÀ@∞ÃÑ· #~°HÍyflx x¿+kèOKå_»∞. JÖÏ "å~°∞ |Ü«∞@‰õΩ
=™êÎ~°∞. #~°HÍyfl ã¨*ÏÌ zǨflÅ∞#fl KÀ@∞#∞ =^Œe q∞ye# â◊s~å#flO`«\ ˜h
HÍeÛ |∂_ç^Œ KÕ¿ãã¨∞ÎOk.415
¿Ñ~°∞`À ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOKå~°∞: ''#=∂A =∞^茺֒ KÕ¿ã ã¨O[˝ =Å¡ #=∂A K≥_çáÈ^Œ∞, U
q^èŒ"≥∞ÿ# `«QÆ∞æ^ŒÅ ‰õÄ_® ~å^Œ∞ J#_®xH˜ P^è•~°O.——
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - D q+¨Ü«∞O Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∂, TǨÏÅÃÑ· #_çKÕ KåÖÏ =∞OkH˜
`≥eÜ«∞x Ѷ≤YÇπÏ q+¨Ü«∂Ö’¡xk. nxx QÆ∞iOz |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°
„QÆO^ä•Ö’¡ ‰õÄ_® ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ =KåÛ~Ú.
414. JǨχ^£-ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À, ui‡l nxÖ’x H˘O`« ÉèÏQÍxfl `«„v*ò KÕã≤ ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. nx `«„v*ò 'ã≤Öòã≤Å`«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏǨϗ֒ J~ÚºOk.
415. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤O¡ . D ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å ~°∂_èç JÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë- (UHõ^"·≥ å~å^艌 Ωõ Öˇ·
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^•x g∞^Œ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.417
PÜ«∞# WÖÏ K≥¿ÑÊ"å~°∞: JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ü«∂=`ü Éè∂í q∞x <å H˘~°‰Ωõ , <å L=∞‡`ü
H˘~°‰õΩ =∞ã≤˚^£QÍ#∂, Ѩiâ◊√^ŒúOQÍ#∂ KÕ¿ãâß_»∞.
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D q+¨Ü∞« "≥∞ÿ KåÖÏ „â◊q∞OKåeû =KÕÛk. "å~°∞ Hˆ =ÅO `«=∞ P~å^è<Œ åÅÜ«∂ÅÖ’<Õ
„áêi÷OKÕ"å~°∞.418
XHõ™êi ~°=∞*Ï<£ <≥Å 21= ~å„u =~°¬O ‰õΩiã≤Ok. =∞ã≤˚^£ ÃÑ· HõѨÙÊ
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ã¨*ÏÌ KÕâß~°∞. J|∂ ã¨~¸^£ Y∞„k Hõ^äŒ#O: ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
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XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞# 'Y∞=∞~°ÇπÏ420 ÃÑ· #=∂A K«k"Õ"å~°∞, H˘xfl ™ê~°∞¡
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LÖË¡dOz# =∞~À ǨÏnã¨∞ `«~åfi`« =ã¨∞ÎOk.
417. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
418. JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
419. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
420.
Y∞=∞~°ÇπÏ JO>Ë-#=∂A KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î ã¨*ÏÌ QÆ#Hõ KÕ¿ãÎ ˆH=ÅO J`«x #∞^Œ∞~°∞
PxOK« _®xH˜ =∂„`«"Õ∞ ã¨iáÈÜÕ∞@O`«\ ˜ KåѨ ÖËHõ *ÏÜ≥∞ #=∂*ò. Wk Y~°∂˚~°Ñ¨Ù
P‰õΩÅ`À =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~° ~°HÍÅ QÆ_ç¤`À `«Ü«∂~°∞ KÕÜ«∞|_»∞`«∞Ok - xǨÜ«∞, Wɡfl
JÖò Jã‘~ü.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

177

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· K«k"Õ"å~°∞. XHõ™êi PÜ«∞#, Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ "å_»_O» =Å¡ #Å¡QÍ =∂iáÈ~Ú#
XHõ KåѨÃÑ· #=∂A KÕâß~°∞.422

ã¨*ÏÌ #∞O_ç ÃÑ·H˜ ÖË=_»O
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423
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KÕÜ∞« #O`« =~°‰Äõ , `«^∞Œ Ѩi
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JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü J<Õ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ ~°ÑÜ
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421. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
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Jx. JO>Ë ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O ‰õÄ_® ^èŒiOK«_»O „H˜OkˆH =KÕÛã¨∞ÎO^Œx nx ^•fi~å
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(=∞QÆ"å~°∞) ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O ‰õÄ_® ǨÏ~å"£∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O „QÆO^ä•Ö’¡
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JO^Œ∞Hˆ , H˘O^Œ~∞° ÃÑ^ŒÅÌ ∞ g\˜ÃÑ· ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_®xfl '=ÚÉÏÇπÏ—QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕÜ∞« _»O q∞=∞‡efl
"≥∂™êxH˜, ã¨Oâ◊Ü«∂xH˜ QÆ∞iKÕÜ«∞~å^Œ∞.
423. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.
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UH©aèOKå~°∞.
425. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}O Uq∞@O>ËD ã≤÷uÖ’ =∞iÜ«Ú 'JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü— J<Õ „Ѩu KÀ\Ï ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕÜ«∂e. W=∂"£∞
Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO 'JÖò |^•~Ú— (4/89)Ö’ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: W=∂"£∞ J„ã¨"£∞, W=∂"£∞
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„ѨtflOK«QÍ PÜ«∞# WÖÏ ["åaKåÛ~°∞: #=∂AÖ’ „Ѩu Hõ^ŒeHõ`À áê@∞ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£
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Hõ^ŒeHõ`Àáê@∞ ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕÜ«∞_»O K«∂âß#∞. ëêѶ¨~¸ LÅ=∂ÅÖ’ Wɡfl JÖò
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ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜ÎH˜ WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x P^Õtã¨∂Î WÖÏ É’kèOKå~°∞: #∞=Ùfi ã¨*ÏÌ
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h Z_»=∞ `˘_» g∞^Œ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ.427 PÜ«∞# `«# ‰õΩ_ç HÍÅ∞#∞ ÖËÑ≤ =ÙOKÕ "å~°∞428
=∞iÜ«Ú ^•x „"Õà◊¡#∞ dÉÏ¡ "≥·Ñ¨Ù =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.429

Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺 ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ =∞~À ã¨fi~°∂Ѩ=Ú
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) XHÀ¯™êi 'WMÏ— KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. JO>Ë
`«# Ô~O_»∞ áê^•Å#∞ ÃÑ·ÔHuÎ HÍe =∞_»=∞ÅÃÑ· ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ"å~°∞.430
ǨÏã¨<£ |„ã≤, Wɡfl ã≤s<£ =∞iÜ«Ú JÜ«¸ºÉò ã¨dÎÜ«∂x (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›"£∞ =
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LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk.
426. |∞MÏs (A*ò ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£), J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À, =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
- nx `«„Mò*ò 'W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò— (316)Ö’ =ÙOk.
427. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
428. |∞MÏs, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd
429. #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
430. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, J|∂ ¿+Mò - =∂ ~°"åǨï J|∂ Aɡ·~ü J<£ ÔQ·~ü *Ïa~ü
<≥O.104-106, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd.
W=∂"£∞ Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO ^•fi~å D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ á⁄~°áê@∞ [iyOk. PÜ«∞#, ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ
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JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å ~°∞A=Ù KÕÜ«∞|_çÖË^Œ∞.
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ѨÓiÎQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°^Œ∞.432
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Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À W=∂"£∞ `å=Óãπ ^•fi~å - PÜ«∞# Wɡfl L=∞~ü =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl JÉσãπ
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K«∂âß~°x LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±#∞ Hõ~°∞}˜OK«∞QÍHõ! PÜ«∞# ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
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q+¨Ü«∞O QÆ∞iOz ã¨q=~°OQÍ 'Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO—Ö’ q=iOKå#∞. QÆ∞~°∞ÎOK«∞HÀ"åeû#
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431. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
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Kå~°∞.
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434. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ HÍÅO `«~åfi`« KåÖÏ
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JÖϡǨï=∞‡ (=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ ~°aƒ Jx =ÙOk)Q∑ Ѷ≤i¡, =~üǨÏ"£∞h,
=*ò |∞~üh, =~ü Ѷ¨Px, =ǨÏkx, = PѶ≤x, =~üAMòh.435
2) XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞#
'~°aƒQ∑ Ѷ≤s¡, ~°aƒQ∑ Ѷ≤s¡— Jx
436
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D ~Ô O_»∞ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ PÜ«∞# `«ÇϨ A˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ (‰õÄ_®) ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.437
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[ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
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=∞iÜ«Ú WãπǨMò a<£ ~åǨ˙Ü«∞—- 19= ¿ÑrÖ’ WÖÏ =ÙOk: W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ D
^Œ∞P#∞ ~Ú+¨ìѨ_®¤~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú WãπǨMò a<£ ~åǨ˙Ü«∞ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: #=∂A
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K«kq#@∞¡ P^è•~åÅ∞ =Ù<åfl~Ú.
437. D Ô~O_»∞ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ `«Ç¨ÏA˚^£ #=∂AÖ’ ѨiîOK«_»O JO>Ë Ñ¶¨~ü˚ #=∂AÖ’¡ g\˜x
ѨiîOK«_»O ^èŒ~°‡ã¨=∞‡`«O HÍ^Œ∞ Jx J#∞HÀ=_»O á⁄~°áê@∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë Ñ¶¨~ü˚ P~å^èŒ
#Å∞, #Ѷ≤Öò P~å^èŒ#ŠѨ^Œú`«∞Ö’¡ `Õ_®ÖËg ÖË=Ù. W=∂"£∞ ui‡r WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞:
W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ~¨ ¸, JǨχ^£ =∞iÜ«Ú WãπÇ¨ MòÅ Jaè„áêÜ«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - D ^Œ∞PÅ#∞
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qâı+¡ }
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+¨~`° ∞« =Ù#flKÀ@∞ ZHõ¯_® Hõ#|_»^∞Œ . Hõ#∞Hõ `≥eã≤O^Õq∞@O>Ë ~ÚHõ¯_» (Ѷ~¨ ˚ü #=∂AÖ’¡)
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181

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JO^Œ∞Hˆ PÜ«∞#, J`«xH˜ ~Ô O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^躌 „ѨâßO`«OQÍ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ z#
`«~åfi`« WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü Jx h â◊s~°Ñ¨Ù „Ѩu H©Å∂
`«^Œ∞Ѩi h=Ù
‰õΩ^Œ∞@Ѩ_,ç „Ñ¨âßO`«`« áÈO^ÕÖÏ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ~Ú (WÖÏ, h "≥Ú`«OÎ #=∂A#∞ ~ÚÖψQ
„ѨâßO`«OQÍ, =∞OzQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°∞Û). 439
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) D `«H©ƒ~ü`Àáê@∞ JѨÙÊ_»Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∞
~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ ‰õÄ_® KÕ¿ã"å~°∞440 =∞iÜ«Ú D ã¨*ÏÌ ‰õÄ_® "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ã¨*ÏÌÖÏQÍ<Õ
ѨÓiÎ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi
'JÖÏ¡Çï¨ JHõƒ~ü— JO@∂ `«Å#∞ ÃÑHÔ· `Õ"Î å~°∞441
=∞iÜ«Ú '#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜ÎH˜— WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x P^Õâ◊O ‰õÄ_®
WKåÛ~°∞. PÜ«∞#, J`«xH˜ Ô~O_»= ã¨*ÏÌ#∞ QÆ∂iÛ P^ÕtOz# `«~åfi`« WÖÏ
ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: #∞=Ùfi h `«Å#∞ ÃÑ·ÔHuÎ
JÖϡǨï JHõƒ~ü J#∞.442 WOHÍ
WÖÏ ‰õÄ_® J<åfl~°∞: WÖÏ h=Ù „Ѩu ~°HÍ`üÖ’#∂, „Ѩu ã¨*ÏÌÖ’#∂ KÕ~Ú. h=Ù
QÆ#Hõ WÖÏ (<Õ#∞ K≥Ñ≤Ê#@∞¡) KÕ¿ãÎ JѨÙÊ_»∞ h #=∂*ò ã¨OѨÓ~°‚=∞=Ù`«∞Ok.
JÖÏHÍHõ, g\˜Ö’ U q^èŒ"≥∞ÿ# `«yæOѨ٠J~Ú<å KÕ¿ãÎ, ^•x Hõ#∞QÆ∞}OQÍ<Õ h
#=∂*òÖ’ ‰õÄ_® `«QÆ∞æ^ŒÅ =ã¨∞ÎOk.443
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444
KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
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Kå~°∞. D ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ J^Œ#OQÍ KÕ~°Û|_ç# Ѩ^•Å∞ |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O Ö’xq.
440. J|∂J"å#, J|∂ ^•=Ó^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. D ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£#∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£
ã¨=∞iúOKå~°∞. W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±, ëêѶ¨~¸Å XHõ =K«#OÖ’ ‰õÄ_® D q^èŒOQÍ<Õ
LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk.
441. =Úã≤¡O, |∞MÏs.
442. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
443. JǨχ^£, ui‡r nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
444. J|∂^•=Ó^£, J|∂ J"å# - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. D ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£#∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£

182

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PÜ«∞# Ô~O_»= ã¨*ÏÌ #∞O_ç `«ÅÃÑ·ÔHuÎ `«# â◊s~°Ñ¨Ù Z=ÚHõÅhfl `«=∞`«=∞
™ê÷<åÖ’¡ Ü«∞^è•`«^äŒOQÍ =KÕÛ =~°‰õΩ `«# Z_»=∞ HÍÅ∞ÃÑ· ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ"å~°∞.445

Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞ HÀã¨O xÅ|_Õ@ѨÙÊ_»∞
Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O fã¨∞HÀ=@O
`«^Œ∞Ѩi ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞ HÀã¨O
<ÕÅ ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞O fã¨∞‰õΩx xÅ|_Õ"å~°∞446 =∞iÜ«Ú xÅ|_Õ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ PÜ«∞# `«#
Ñ≤_çH˜à◊§#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOKÕ"å~°∞447 =∞iÜ«Ú Ô~O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞ HÀã¨O xÅ|_ç#ѨÙÊ_»∞
ã¨=∞i÷OKå~°∞. XHõ LÖË¡Y#O „ѨHÍ~°O W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±, W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸Å ^•fi~å
‰õÄ_® D q^èŒOQÍ<Õ LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk.
445. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£. D ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O Ѷ¨ÙHõǨÅ ^ŒQÆæ~° '[ÖÏû WÃãÎ~åǨÏ`ü— ¿Ñ~°∞`À
„Ѩã≤kúQÍOzOk. W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ nxx ã¨=∞i÷OKå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú J`«ÎǨÏvMò (111/
1) Ö’ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ ^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® WÖψQ LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk. PÜ«∞# Q˘Ñ¨Ê`«#O
nxÖ’ Wq∞_ç=ÙOk. HÍ~°}O U =∂„`«O q~°∞^Œú`« ÖËx ã¨∞#fl`«∞Å#∞ PK«iOK«_»OÖ’
PÜ«∞# Q˘Ñ¨Ê ¿Ñ~°∞ QÍOz =Ù<åfl~°∞.
Wɡfl Ǩh `«# '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£— (1/57)Ö’ WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: <Õ#∞
J|∂ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£#∞ PYi ~°HÍ`«∞ HÀã¨O xÅ|_Õ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ XHÀ¯™êi
`«# ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOK«_O» , =∞~À™êi =∞OzQÍ ‰õÄ~°∞Û#fl `«~åfi`Õ ÖË=_»O
K«∂âß#∞.
W=∂"£∞ WãπǨMò a<£ ~åǨ˙Ü«∂ Jaè=∞`«O ‰õÄ_® ~Ú^Õ. PÜ«∞# `«# '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò
JÖò =∞~Àl— (1/147/2)Ö’ D q^èŒOQÍ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨ÅO¡ ) QÍi ~Ô O_»∞ KÕ`∞« Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· PxOKÕ D Ѩ^uúŒ PÜ«∞# Ü«∞=fi#O, =Úã¨e`«#O
Ô~O_ç\’¡#∂ =ÙO_Õk (JO>Ë PÜ«∞# Ô~O_»∞ ã¨=∞Ü«∂Ö’¡#∂ WÖÏ<Õ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞). =∞ixfl
q=~åʼnõΩ W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò (2/82-83)#∞ K«∂_»QÆÅ~°∞.
446. ëêѶ¨~¸, |∞MÏs.
447. D ǨÏnã¨∞ J|∂ WãπǨMò ǨÏ~°c (2/525-526) #O^Œ∞ =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dO
Kå~°∞: D J~å÷<Õfl Hõey =Ù#fl =∞~À ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À ɡ·Ç¨Ïd ‰õÄ_®
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞. WHõ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) 'Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ·
PxOK«‰õΩO_® ÉÏ}OÖÏQÍ ÖËz xÅ|_Õ"å~°∞— J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ QÆ∂iÛ K≥áêÊÅO>Ë -

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

183

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JÖòǨÏ=ÚÌ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï ~°aƒÖò
448
PÅg∞<£....`À d~å`ü KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
PÜ«∞# ~Ô O_»= ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ ‰õÄ_® "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ KÕã#≤ @∞¡QÍ<Õ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
HÍHõáÈ`Õ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ q=iOK«|_ç#@∞¡ "≥Ú^Œ\˜ ~°HÍ`«∞ Hõ<åfl ã¨OH˜Ñ∆ OΨ QÍ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.

„Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«_»O qkè
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~°"Õ~°Ûx =ºH˜ÎH˜
„Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiOî K«=∞x P*Ï˝ÑO≤ Kå~°∞. PÜ«∞# J`«xH˜ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜
~°HÍ`«∞Ö’ á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å ѨiîOK«=∞x P^ÕtOz# `«~åfi`« WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:449
WÖÏ h ѨÓiÎ #=∂AÖ’#∂ WÖψQ KÕ~Ú.450 =∞~˘Hõ LÖËö#OÖ’ WÖÏ LOk:
#∞=Ùfi „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’#∂ WÖψQ KÕ~Ú.451 WOHÀ LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
„Ѩu ~°HÍ`üÖ’ d~å`ü =ÙOk.452
Wk XHõ HõeÊ`«"∞≥ #ÿ `«ÑÙ¨ Ê_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞. W^Õ QÍHõ, D J~°O÷ `À =zÛ# W`«~° ǨÏnã¨∞Åhfl
|ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#"Õ. g\˜x QÆ∂iÛ qѨÙÅOQÍ
'ã≤Öòã≤Å`«∞Öò
JǨÏnãπ J[˚~¸á¶ê—, ǨÏnã¨∞ <≥O. 562, 929, 968ÅÖ’ q=iOKå#∞.
448. =Úã≤O¡ , J|∂J"å#. |Ǩïâß ~ÚHõ¯_» "åiOK«|_ç# q=~å=∞O 'ã¨<å— HÀã¨O fã¨∞H˘<Õ
JTA aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï.... HÀã¨O fã¨∞H˘<Õ
ã¨=∞Ü«∞O =∂„`«"Õ∞ HÍ=K«∞Û,
ã¨=∞Ü«∞O HÍHõáÈ=K«∞Û ÖË^• Ô~O_çO\˜ HÀã¨O fã¨∞H˘<Õ ã¨=∞Ü«∞O ‰õÄ_® HÍ=K«∞Û.
HÍh <å ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Jaè„áêÜ«∞"Õ∞ ã¨Ô~·#k. „Ѩu ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’
JTA aÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï.... ѨiîOK«_»OÖ’ LÅ=∂Å =∞^茺 Ô~O_»∞ Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞<åfl~Ú. <å
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'Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO—Ö’ q=iOKå#∞.
449. J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£ - |Å"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
450. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
451. JǨχ^£ - =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À
452. Wɡfl=∂*Ï, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£, JǨχ^£, =∞™êÜ«∞Öò Wɡfl Ǩh (1/52) =∞iÜ«Ú
=ÚJ`åÎ W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±Ö’ *Ïa~ü (~°lJÖÏ¡Çï¨ J#∞›) ^•fi~å WÖÏ LÖËd¡ OK«|_çOk:
Z=Ô~<· å U ~°HÍ`«∞Ö’<≥<· å á¶êuǨ ã¨∂~å QÆ#Hõ ѨiOî K«Háõ È`Õ J`«x #=∂A <≥~"° ~Õ ^° ∞Œ ,
ˆH=ÅO W=∂=Ú "≥#∞Hõ =Ù#flѨÙÊ_»∞ `«Ñ¨Ê. (nx "åã¨ÎqHõ q=~åÅ HÀã¨O 23-28
¿ÑrÅ#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞.)

184

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#=∂*ò J~Ú`Õ PÜ«∞# `«# HÍà◊¡#∞453 Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺 HÍà◊§#∞ Ѩ~°z
‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ q^èŒOQÍ<Õ Ñ¨~°z ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú =¸_»∞ ÖËHõ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å
#=∂AÖ’x "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ ‰õÄ_® PÜ«∞# WÖψQ ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ"å~°∞.454
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PÜ«∞# J`«xH˜ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: #∞=Ùfi #=∂A =∞^茺֒ ‰õÄ~°∞Û#flѨÙÊ_»∞
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`˘_»Å#∞ ÖËÑ≤ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O #∞O_ç "åiOKå~°∞.456
=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ LOk: `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ Ã+·`å#∞ KÕ¿ã q^èŒOQÍ Ô~O_»∞
áê^•Å#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· QÆ\ Qì˜ Í PxOz HÍe =∞_»=∞ÅÃÑ· ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O #∞O_ç "åiOKÕ
"å~°∞.457
PÜ«∞# `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ ‰õÄ~°∞Û#flѨÙÊ_»∞ `«# ‰õΩ_ç J~°KÕux `«# ‰õΩ_ç `˘_»ÃÑ·
(=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ `«# ‰õΩ_ç "≥∂HÍÅ∞ÃÑ· Px =ÙOk) =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
Z_»=∞ J~° KÕux Z_»=∞ `˘_»ÃÑ· (=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’`«# Z_»=∞ "≥∂HÍÅ∞ÃÑ· Jx
453. #™ê~Ú (1/173) - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
454. |∞MÏs, J|∂^•=Ó^£
455. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - =∞Oz Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À
456. J|∂^•=Ó^£, `«Ü«∂eã‘, JǨχ^£, Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ - 195= ¿ÑrÖ’x áê^Œ ã¨∂zHõ
<≥O.1#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«QÆÅ~°∞. <Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - WÖÏ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O ~ÚHõ¯_»
x¿+kèOK«|_ç#k. HÍh nx Ô~O_»= ã¨fi~°∂Ѩ"≥∞ÿ# - Ô~O_»∞ ã¨*ÏÌÅ =∞^茺 ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ
Ѩ^uúŒ =∂„`«O ã¨∞#fl`ü ^•fi~å - WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ `≥Å∞Ѩ|_ç#@∞¡ - x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_ç#k.
457. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å# =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞. nx `«„v*ò W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò (316)Ö’
=ÙOk.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

185

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=ÙOKÕ "å~°∞.460 XHõ =ºH˜Î `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ - `«# Z_» KÕux (<ÕÅÃÑ·) PxOz
‰õÄ~°∞ÛO_»_»O K«∂ã≤ PÜ«∞# J`«}˜‚ "åiã¨∂Î WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: Wk Ü«¸^Œ∞Å∞
#=∂AKÕ¿ã Ѩ^Œúu.461 =∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ =zÛOk: WÖÏ ‰õÄ~ÀÛ‰õΩ,
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë D Ѩ^uúŒ (JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ ^•fi~å) tH˜O∆ Ѩ|_ç# "åik.462 WOHÀ LÖËY¡ #OÖ’
WÖÏ LOk: D Ѩ^Œúu JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ P„QÆǨxfl á⁄Ok# "åik.

`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"ÕÅ∞#∞ TѨÙ`«∂ =ÙO_»_»O
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ `«# Z_»=∞ J~°KuÕ x
Z_»=∞ "≥∂HÍÅ∞ÃÑ· Ѩ~°z =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú `«# ‰õΩ_ç J~°KÕu „"Õà◊§#∞ =Ú_çz
K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õe`À dÉÏ¡ kâ◊QÍ ã¨O[˝ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú `«# ^Œ$+≤ìx ^•xÃÑ·
=ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.463
458. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
459. JO>Ë nx J~°÷O Uq∞@O>Ë - ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# ‰õΩ_ç "≥∂
KÕux D ã≤÷uÖ’ - `«# „ѨHõ¯ #∞O_ç ^Œ∂~°OQÍ =ÙOKÕ "å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl
Wɡfl YÜ«¸ºO '*Ï^Œ∞Öò q∞P^£—Ö’ q=iOKå~°∞.
460. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú - |Å"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
461. ɡ·Ç¨Ïd, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqO
Kå~°∞. nx `«~åfiu ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ `«„v*ò W~åfi LÖò QÆbÖò (380)Ö’ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
462. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£ - |Å"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
J|∞Ì„~°*Ï˚Mò, J|∞ÌÖò ǨÏMò W+πcb nxx 'JÖò JÇπÏHÍ"£∞— (1284) (<å J<Õfi+¨}
„ѨHÍ~°O)Ö’ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞.
463. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, =Úã¨fl^£ Ǩï"≥∞ÿn (131/1), JÖψQ =Úã¨fl^£
J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ (275/2) #O^Œ∞ Wɡfl L=∞~ü ^•fi~å ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À J^Œ#OQÍ WÖÏ
LOk: Wk Ã+·`å#∞#∞ áê~°„^ÀÖË Ñ¨^Œúu.
W=∂"£∞ Ǩï"≥∞ÿn `«# „"Õex ZuÎ K«∂ѨÙ`«∂ - Z=Ô~·<å XHõ"Õà◊ ~ÚÖÏ KÕ¿ãÎ, J`«#∞
=∞~°záÈ=_»O JO@∂ [~°∞QÆ^Œ∞ Jx J<åfl~°∞.
W=∂"£∞ Ǩï"≥∞ÿn Hõ^äŒ#O: =Úã≤¡O a<£ Jc =∞~°º"£∞ Hõ^äŒ#O „ѨHÍ~°O XHõ =ºH˜Î
J`«x`À - `«#∞ ã≤iÜ«∂Ö’x XHõ K«iÛÖ’ z„uOK«|_ç=Ù#fl ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎÅ #=∂A
á¶È\’Å#∞ K«∂_»QÍ J=hfl ~Ú^Õ ã≤÷uÖ’ =Ù<åfl~Ú Jx K≥áêÊ_»∞. `«^Œ∞Ѩi PÜ«∞#
`«# „"Õex ZuÎ K«∂áê~°∞.

186

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PÜ«∞# `«# K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õe`À ã¨O[˝ KÕ¿ã@ѨÙÊ_»∞ `«# ÉÁ@# „"ÕÅ∞#∞
=∞^躌 „"ÕÅ∞ÃÑ· =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.464 XHÀ¯™êi =∞^躌 „"ÕÅ∞, ÉÁ@# „"ÕÅ∞#∞ =$`åÎHÍ~°OÖ’
HõeÑ≤ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞.465
W^≥O`À J^Œ∞ƒù`«"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞O. nx Ѩ~°OѨ~° - D q+¨Ü«∂xfl `≥eÜ«∞*Ëã≤# P =ºH˜Î
=~°‰õΩ „áê=∂}˜HõOQÍ =ÙOk.
464. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#
465. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, =Ú#ÎMÏ Wɡfl *Ï~°∂^£ (208), ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/86/
1-2), ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Ç≤ÏÉσ<£ (485) - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl JÖò =ÚÅH˜¯<£
(28/2) ‰õÄ_® nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. Wɡfl Jn (287/1)Ö’ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’
„"Õex TѨ_®xfl ã¨∂zOKÕ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞#∞ ã¨=∞i÷OKÕ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ =ÙOk. Wɡfl Jn P ǨÏnã¨∞
Ѩ~°OѨ~°Ö’x XHõ LÖË¡Y‰õΩ_≥·# L™ê‡<£ a<£ =∞Mòã¨"£∞ QÆ∞iOz WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
W`«#∞ LÖË¡dOz# ǨÏnã¨∞Å#∞ ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOK«O_ç.
W=∂"£∞ `«Ç¨g ~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ã¨Ç¨c Ü≥ÚHõ¯ - ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õe`À ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã"å~°∞-J#fl =∂@`À ~°∂_èç
JÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - WÖÏ PÜ«∞# #=∂A PYiÖ’ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - nx ^•fi~å ~°∞A=ÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü«∞O Uq∞@O>Ë - #=∂A
=ÚyOKÕ =~°‰õΩ (`«ã‘¡"£∞ =~°‰õΩ) x~°O`«~°O K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õe`À ã¨O[˝KÕã¨∂Î, ^•xx
TѨÙ`«∂ LO_®e. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë `«ã‘¡"£∞‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ ^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«_»O W=∂"£∞ =∂eH±
=∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å Jaè=∞`«O. Wɡfl Ǩh '=∞™êÜ«∞Öò JǨχ^£— 80= ¿ÑrÖ’ WÖÏ
q=iOKå~°∞: W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£`À- #=∂A KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î #=∂AÖ’ `«# KÕu „"Õe`À
ã¨O[˝ KÕÜ«∂ÖÏ? Jx J_çy`Õ, ^•xH˜ PÜ«∞# - J=Ù#∞, f„=OQÍ KÕÜ«∂e Jx
["åaKåÛ~°∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - nx ^•fi~å ~°∂_èç JÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’
K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"ÕÅ∞#∞ TѨÙ`«∂ =ÙO_»_»O J<Õk ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O)ã¨∞#fl`ü. nx<Õ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ =∞iÜ«Ú W`«~°∞Å∞ PK«iOKå~°∞. WHõ Z=Ô~·`Õ
nxx ˆH=ÅO XHõ J~°÷ ~°Ç≤Ï`«"≥∞ÿ#, Jã¨OQÆ`«"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞OQÍ ÉèÏqOz, #=∂A`À
U =∂„`«O ã¨O|O^èŒOÖËx q^èŒOQÍ H˘\˜ìáêˆ~™êÎ~À "å~°∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ ÉèíÜ«∞Ѩ_®e.
HÍ~°}O Wk ã¨∞#fl`ü Jx `≥eã≤# `«~åfi`« ‰õÄ_® "å~°∞ `«=∞ „"Õex TѨ~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú
nx qâı¡+¨}Ö’ "å~°∞ J~°cƒ ÉÏ+¨ Ѩ^Œ*ÏÖÏxH˜, W=∂=ÚÅ PHõoOѨÙʼnõΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ
=º=ǨÏi™êÎ~∞° . Pâ◊Û~°ºO HõeyOKÕ q+¨Ü∞« "Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - W=∂=ÚÅ W`«~° Jaè„áêÜ«∂Å∞
ã¨∞#fl`ü‰Ωõ q~°∞^ŒOú QÍ =Ù#flѨÊ\˜H© H˘O^Œ~∞° "å\˜x ã¨=∞i÷ã∂¨ Î WÖÏ JO\Ï~°∞: W=∂=Ú
Jaè„áêÜ«∂ÅÖ’x `«Ñ≤Ê^•Å#∞ „"ÕÖˇuÎ K«∂Ѩ_»O JO>Ë J`«xx JQ“~°= Ѩ~°K«_»O

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

187

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`«~åfi`« ^•xx TѨÙ`«∂ ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKÕÛ"å~°∞: D
K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"ÕÅ∞ Ã+·`å#∞ÃÑ· W#∞=ÚHõ<åfl Hõiî#OQÍ =ÙO@∞Ok.466 ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞
(#=∂AÖ’) ^Œ∞P KÕã∞¨ #Î flѨÙÊ_»∞ „"Õe`À ã¨O[˝ KÕÜ∞« x "åix Jã¨ÇÏ≤ ºOK«∞H˘O@∂
"åiH˜ (WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞=∞x) QÆ∞~°∞Î KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.467
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õex TѨÙ`«∂ ^Œ∞P
ѨiîOK«_»O J<Õk Ô~O_»∞ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ÅÖ’#∂ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞.468 PÜ«∞# XHõ =ºH˜Îx
=∞iÜ«Ú J==∂# Ѩ~K° _« "» ∞Õ . HÍh, "åiHõ¯_» =∞~°záÈ~ÚO^Õq∞@O>Ë - D ã¨∞#fl`ü‰Ωõ
q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =º=ǨÏiOK«_»O =∞iÜ«Ú nxx PK«iOKÕ "åix ѨiǨÏã≤OK«_»O - "å~°∞
J~°÷O KÕã¨∞‰õΩ<åfl, KÕã¨∞HÀHõáÈ~Ú<å - Wk "å~°∞ `«Ñ¨ÙÊQÍ ã¨=∞i÷OKÕ "åi W=∂=ÚÅ
J=¿ÇÏà◊# „H˜OkˆH =ã¨∞ÎOk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ W=∂=ÚÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® D ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞
ã¨=∞i÷OKå~°∞. JO`ÕHÍ^Œ∞, nx ^•fi~å ã¨fiÜ«∂# ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) J=¿ÇÏà◊<Õ ~°∂_èç J=Ù`«∞Ok. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë D ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ fã¨∞‰õΩ =zÛOk
PÜ«∞<Õ HÍ|\˜ì. JO^Œ∞ˆH D ã¨∞#fl`ü#∞ ZQÆ`åo KÕÜ«∞_»O ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )#∞ ZQÆ`åo KÕÜ∞« _»"∞Õ J=Ù`«∞Ok.
(g∞Ö’ ~ÚÖÏ „Ѩ=iÎOKÕ "åiH˜ ^˘iˆH |Ǩï=∂#O Uq∞@O>Ë...)?! (2 : 85)
WHõ „"Õe`À ã¨O[˝ KÕã≤ „H˜OkH˜ kOKÕÜ«∞_»O ÖË^• ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï JO@∂ „"Õex ÃÑ·H˜
ÖËÑ≤ WÅ¡ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ JO@∂ „H˜OkH˜ kOK«_»O - J<Õk ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) ã¨∞#fl`üÖ’ U =∂„`«O P^è•~°O ÖËx q+¨Ü«∞O. ÃÑ·QÍ D q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ ÃÑ·#
q=iOz# ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =Ù<åfl~Ú.
JÖψQ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) K«∂ѨÙ_»∞ „"Õex T¿Ñ"å~°∞ HÍ^Œ∞
J#fl ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ QÆ∂iÛ K≥áêÊÅO>Ë - nx Ѩ~°OѨ~° ã¨iQÍ ÖË^Œ∞. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl <Õ#∞
[~¸Ñ¶π J|∂^•=Ó^£ (175) #O^Œ∞ q=iOKå#∞. XHõ"Õà◊ D ǨÏnã¨∞ QÆ#Hõ „áê=∂
}˜HõOQÍ x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_ç<å, Wk q~°∞^Œú"≥∞ÿ# "å^ŒO`À ‰õÄ_»∞‰õΩx =Ù#flk. HÍh ÃÑ·#
q=iOK«|_ç# ǨÏnã¨∞ ~°∂_èç J~Ú ™ê÷ÑO≤ K«|_ç =ÙOk. =∞i ~°∂_èç J~Ú# q+¨Ü∂« xfl,
q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ =Ù#fl q+¨Ü«∞OÃÑ· „áê^è•#º`« ~Ú=fi_»O LÅ=∂ʼnõΩ Ѩiáê>Ë. ~ÚÖÏ, D
ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ „"Õex T¿Ñ ã¨∞#fl`ü‰õΩ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ U P^è•~°=¸ ÖË^Œ∞.
466. JǨχ^£, |*Ï˚~ü, J|∂ *ÏѶ¨~ü JÖò |∞dÎs, JÖò P=∂e (60/1) J^Œ∞ÌP eÖò `«„ÉÏh
(73/1), ã¨∞#<£ J|∞ÌÖò QÆh =∞Mò^㌠‘ (12/2)-ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À, =Úã¨fl^£ J„~°∂Ü«∂h
(249/2), ɡ·Ç¨Ïd.
467. Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (2/123/2) - ǨÏã¨<£ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À.
468. #™ê~Ú, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.

188

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„"Õe`À, ˆH=ÅO XHõ „"Õe`À Jx Ç≤Ï`«=Ù KÕâß~°∞.469

"≥Ú^Œ\˜ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ Jx"å~°º`« =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xÖ’
^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«_®xfl ^èŒ~°‡Ü«ÚHõÎO KÕ¿ã JOâ◊O
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) „Ѩu Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«~åfi`«
J`«ÎÇ≤ÏÜ«∂º`ü ѨiîOKÕ"å~°∞470 =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ HÀã¨O
‰õÄ~°∞Û#flѨÙÊ_»∞ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ
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PÜ«∞# QÆ#Hõ "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å `«~åfi`« `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ HÀã¨O ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O
=∞izáÈ`Õ ^•xH˜ QÍ#∞ PÜ«∞# ã¨Ç¨˙ ã¨*ÏÌ KÕ¿ã"å~°∞472 =∞iÜ«Ú „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ
‰õÄ_® ~Úk ѨiîOK«=∞x P^Õtã¨∂Î PÜ«∞# WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: g∞~°∞ Ô~O_»∞
~°HÍ`«∞Å `«~åfi`« ‰õÄ~°∞Û#flѨÙÊ_»∞
J`«ÎÇ≤ÏÜ«∂º`ü K«^Œ=O_ç.
`«^Œ∞Ѩi g∞‰õΩ J`«ºO`« ~Ú+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# ^Œ∞P`À JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ "Õ_»∞HÀO_ç.473 =∞~À
LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ Ѩ^•Å∞ ~ÚÖÏ L<åfl~Ú: g∞~°∞ (`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’) ‰õÄ~°∞Û#fl „Ѩu™êi
J`«ÇÏ≤ Ü«∂º`ü K«^=Œ O_ç.474 WÖÏ KÕÜ∞« =∞x '#=∂A ã¨iQÍ <≥~"° ~Õ Û° x
=ºH˜Î—H˜ ‰õÄ_® P^ÕtOz =Ù<åfl~°∞. D q+¨Ü«∞O WO`«‰õΩ =ÚO^Õ `≥Å∞Ѩ|_çOk.
469. Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (12/40/1) =∞iÜ«Ú (2/123/2), #™ê~Ú, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ
Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® ^•x`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏÖ’ nxx
ã¨=∞i÷OKÕ =∞~À LÖË¡Y#O ‰õÄ_® =ÙOk.
470. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
471. Wɡfl JÖò =ÚÅH˜¯<£ (28/2) #O^Œ∞ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ɡ·Ç¨Ïd
PÜ≥∞ëê (~°lJÖϡǨï J#›) ^•fi~å |Å"≥∞ÿ# Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
472. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. nx `«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò (338)Ö’ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
473. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, `«„ÉÏh- "≥∂[q∞Öò Hõc~ü (3/125) - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À. <Õ#∞
K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - D ǨÏnã¨∞ ÉÏǨº~°÷O ^•fi~å ~°∂_èç JÜÕ∞º q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë „Ѩu `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’#∂ ^Œ∞P ѨiîOKåe, P `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ `«~åfi`« #=∂A =ÚyOz<å,
=ÚyOK«HõáÈ~Ú<å 㨈~. Wɡfl ǨÏ["£∞ QÍi Jaè„áêÜ«∞O ‰õÄ_® ~Ú^Õ.
474. #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

189

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ k=ºY∞~å#∞
ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ <ÕiÊOz# q^èŒOQÍ<Õ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£#∞ ‰õÄ_® <ÕiÊOKÕ"å~°∞.475 ã¨∞#fl`ü
Uq∞@O>Ë - `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£#∞ aQÆæ~°QÍ Ñ¨iîOK«~å^Œ∞.476

`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ Ѩ^Œ*ÏÅO
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£#∞
qq^èŒ ~°HÍÅ∞QÍ É’kèOKå~°∞:
1) J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£: PÜ«∞# Hõ^äŒ#O :
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) <å J~°KÕux `«# Ô~O_»∞ J~°KÕ`«∞Ö’¡
Ѩ@∞ìH˘x <å‰õΩ k=ºY∞~üP<£#∞ ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ <ÕiÊOz#@∞¡ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ Ѩ^•Å∞
<ÕiÊOKå~°∞. Jq ~Úq :

J`«ÎÇ≤ÏÜ«∂º`«∞ eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï477 =ã¨ûÅ"å`«∞478 =`«Î~ÚºÉÏ`«∞479 Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú480
JÖˇ·Hõ JܫںǨÏ#flaÜ«Úº =~°Ç¨Ï‡`«∞ÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï =|~°HÍ`«∞Ǩï481 Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·<å
= PÖÏ WÉÏkÖÏ¡ Ç≤Ï™êûeÇ‘Ï<£
475. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O
476. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À
UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
477. JO>Ë - âßOu, ™ê„=∂[º=Ú, âßâ◊fi`«fi=ÚʼnõΩ ã¨O|OkèOz# Ѩ^•Å∞. W=hfl ‰õÄ_®
ˆH=ÅO JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ H˘~°ˆH.
478. JO>Ë - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ Q˘Ñ¨Ê`«<åxfl Kå\˜ K≥¿ÑÊ „áê~°÷#Å∞. JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ `«Ñ¨Ê =∞Ô~=iH© P
ǨωõΩ¯ÖË^Œ∞ =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞#‰õΩ `«Ñ¨Ê =∞Ô~=iH© Jq ã¨i`«∂QÆ=Ù.
479. JO>Ë - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™È„`åhfl, „áêâ◊™êκxfl Kå\˜ K≥¿ÑÊ Ñ¨iâ◊√^Œú =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨^ŒfiK«<åÅ∞.
~åAÅ#∞ á⁄y_Õ xq∞`«ÎO LѨÜ≥∂yOK«|_Õ Ñ¨^•Å∞ HÍ=Ù.
480. nx J~°÷O-^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) #∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ã¨O~°Hõ∆}Ö’ KÕ~°Û_»O.
ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - ã¨ÖÏ"£∞ J<Õk JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞. JO>Ë - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏÜÕ∞ PÜ«∞# ã¨O~°Hõ∆‰õΩ_»∞,
PÜ«∞##∞ HõxÃÑ\˜ì =ÙO_Õ"å_»∂#∞. 'JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞ J<£—(JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ h`À =ÙO_»∞QÍHõ)
JO>Ë-ã¨O~°H˜∆OK«_»OÖ’, ã¨Ç¨Ü«∞Ѩ_»_»OÖ’, J#∞„QÆÇ≤ÏOK«_»OÖ’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏÜÕ∞ h `À_»∞
=ÙO_»∞QÍHõ Jx.
481. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«~°Ñ¶¨Ù #∞O_ç x`«ºO ÅaèOKÕ =∞Oz JO`å â◊√ÉèÏÅ∞QÍ Ñ¨iQÆ}˜OK«|_»`å~Ú.

190

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

(XHõ¯™êi D ^Œ∞P
Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú
JÖˇ·<å = PÖÏ WÉÏkÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï™êûeÇ‘Ï<£ Jx ѨeH˜`Õ nx`À Éèí∂=∂ºHÍâßÅÖ’x
ѨÙ}Ϻ`«∞‡ÅO^Œ~°∂ KÕiáÈ`å~°∞).
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï = J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ<£ J|∞ÌǨ˙
=~°ã¨∂Å∞Ǩï.
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =∂ =∞^茺 rqOz =Ù#flO`«
=~°‰õΩ "Õ∞q∞ÖψQ ѨeˆH "åà◊§O, HÍh PÜ«∞# =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O "Õ∞=Ú
Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·Hõ JܫںǨÏ#flaÜ«Úº ‰õΩ |^Œ∞Å∞QÍ
Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÅ#flc482 Jx ѨÅHõ_»O „áê~°OaèOKåO.
482. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O, Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (1/90/2), =Úã¨fl^£ J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ (258/2). nx
`«„v*ò W~åfiLÖò QÆbÖò (321)Ö’ J~ÚºOk.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) rqOz =Ù#flO`« =~°‰õΩ ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú
JÖˇH· õ JܫںǨÏ#flc— J<Õ"å~°h, PÜ«∞# =∞~°}Ï#O`«~O° "å~°∞
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÅ#flc— Jx J<Õ"å~°x K≥áêÊ~°O>Ë Wk YzÛ`«OQÍ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨
JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) P[˝ÜÕ∞ J~Ú =ÙO@∞Ok.
=Úã¨fl^£ ã≤~å*ò (9/1/2) =∞iÜ«Ú Ñ¶"¨ å~Ú^£ =ÚMòeãπ (11/54/1)Ö’ ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À
q=iOK«|_ç# q^èŒOQÍ - PÜ≥∞ëê (~°l JÖϡǨï J#›) #=∂AÖ’ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ QÆ∞iOz
É’kèOKÕ@ѨÙÊ_»∞ P"≥∞ ‰õÄ_®
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÅ#flc— Jx ѨÅHõ_O»
‰õÄ_® ÃÑ· "å^Œ#‰õΩ |ÖÏxfl KÕ‰õÄ~°∞ã¨∞ÎOk.
ǨѶ*≤ ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü WÖÏ =iOKå~°∞: D ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å `≥e¿ã^Õq∞@O>Ë - ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° Å∞,
PÜ«∞# "åi =∞^茺 „Ѩ`«ºHõ∆OQÍ „|uH˜ =Ù#flO`« =~°‰õΩ
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·Hõ JܫںǨÏ#flc— Jx ѨeˆH"å~°∞. PÜ«∞# =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O =∞#
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú
=∞^茺 „Ѩ`«ºHõ∆OQÍ ÖËx =ºH˜Îx ã¨OÉ’kèOKÕ q^èŒOQÍ
JÅ#flc— Jx ѨeˆH"å~°∞.
=∞~À KÀ@ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: ã¨∞c¯ '+¨~°ÇπÏ JÖò q∞<£Ç¨*ò— #O^Œ∞ D LÖË¡Y<åxfl
ˆH=ÅO =Úã¨fl^£ J|∂ J"å<å ^•fi~å ã¨O„QÆÇ≤ÏOz `«^Œ∞Ѩi ~ÚÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞:
XHõ"Õà◊ ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å ^•fi~å WÖÏ x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_ç=ÙO>Ë D q+¨Ü«∞O - ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O PÜ«∞##∞ „Ѩ`«ºHõ∆OQÍ K«∂ã¨∞Î#fl@∞¡

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

191

–––
ã¨ÖÏ=Ú Ñ¨OѨ_»O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i HÍ^Œ∞, ÃÑ·QÍ 'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÅ#flc— Jx ѨÅHÍe J#fl^•xH˜ P^è•~°O.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - D ǨÏnã¨∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#k (JO>Ë ã¨Ç‘Ï |∞MÏs Ö’xk)
WÖÏO\˜^Õ =∞~À ǨÏnã¨∞ <å‰õΩ =Úã¨#flѶπ J|∞Ì„~°*Ï˚MòÖ’ ‰õÄ_® ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
^˘iH˜Ok. PÜ«∞# ^•xx Wɡfl [s~ü ^•fi~å PÜ«∞# J`å ^•fi~å ~ÚÖÏ LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞:
ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) rq`«OÖ’ 'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·Hõ
JܫںǨÏ#flc— J<Õ"å~°∞, PÜ«∞# =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O 'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÅ#flc— Jx
ѨeˆH"å~°∞.
~ÚHõ ã¨~¸^£ a<£ =∞#∂û~ü, J|∂ Lɡ·^• a<£ J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ ^•fi~å,
PÜ«∞# `«# `«O„_ç ^•fi~å LÖË¡dOz# q+¨Ü«∞O – ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O) =∂‰õΩ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£#∞ <ÕiÊOKå~°∞. nxH˜ Wɡfl JÉσãπ =∂\Ï¡_»∞`«∂ - "Õ∞"≥∞ÿ`Õ
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·Hõ JܫںǨÏ#flc— Jx PÜ«∞# rqOz =Ù#flѨÙÊ_»∞ J<Õ "å~°O Jx
J<åfl~°∞. Wɡfl =∞ãπT^£ ["åaã¨∂Î - =∂‰õΩ D q^èŒOQÍ<Õ É’kèOK«|_çOk =∞iÜ«Ú
"Õ∞=Ú ‰õÄ_® W`«~°∞ʼnõΩ WÖψQ É’kè™êÎO J<åfl~°∞. Wɡfl JÉσãπ D q+¨Ü«∂xfl
JOu=∞ Ѷe¨ `«O ÖÏQÍ Jx =ÙO\Ï~°∞ QÍh J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ ^•xx ã‘fiHõiOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ .
HÍh J|∂ =∂"≥∂~ü LÖË¡Y#O (ã¨Ç‘Ï |∞MÏsk) KåÖÏ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#k. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë
J|∂ Lɡ·^• `«# `«O„_ç ^•fi~å (D ǨÏnã¨∞) q<åfl~°#_®xH˜ P^è•~°OÖË^Œ∞. ÃÑ·QÍ
J|∂ =∞#∂û~ü #∞O_ç J|∂ Lɡ·^• =~°‰õΩ Ѩ~°OѨ~° ‰õÄ_® |ÅÇ‘Ï#OQÍ =ÙOk.
ǨѶ≤*ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü QÍi D =∂@Å#∞ Yã¨ÎÖÏh, [~üMÏh, ÅHÀflg =O\˜ LÅ=∂Å∞
ZÖÏO\˜ ÃÇÏK«∞Û`«Q∞Æ Åæ ∞ ÖˉΩõ O_® ã¨O„QÆÇÏ≤ OKå~°∞. D q+¨Ü∞« O WOHÍ Ö’`«∞QÍ 'Jã¨Å∞
ѨÙã¨ÎHõO—Ö’ K«iÛOK«|_çOk.
<À\ò: Pâ◊Û~°º"Õ∞¿ã q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - r=#‡~°}ÏÅ =∞^茺QÆÅ ÉèË^•xfl P^è•~°OQÍ
KÕã¨∞H˘x, ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) =∞~°}Ï#O`«~°O `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’
Ѩ~ÀHõ∆~°∂Ѩ"≥∞ÿ# 'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÅ#flc— Jx ѨÅHÍÅ#fl ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}O Hõey=Ù#fl JÖÏ¡=∂
JÖòÉÏh - JÖÏ¡=∂ <À=∂<£ =∞ǨÏ=¸^£ PÅ∂ã‘QÍi ѨÙã¨ÎHõO 'JÖò PÜ«∂`«∞Öò
|Ü«∞º<å`ü Ѷ‘ J^Œ"≥∞ ã¨=∂ JÖò J"£∞"å`ü— ÃÑ· `«#∞ „"åã≤# "åºMϺ#O 'ã≤=∂-U=∞ø`å— (L~°∂Ì)Ö’x 49= ¿ÑrÖ’ D ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}ÏxH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ <Õ#∞ 22= ¿ÑrÖ’
=¸_»= HÍ~°}OQÍ q=iOz# q+¨Ü«∂Å<Õ ^•^•Ñ¨ÙQÍ `«#∞ ‰õÄ_® q=iOKå~°∞.
=∞i, D ѨÙã¨ÎHõO =∞iÜ«Ú 'ã≤=∂-U-=∞ø`å— Ñ¨Ùã¨ÎHÍÖ’¡ JÖÏ¡=∂ JÖòÉÏh "≥Ú^Œ@
^Õxx ~°zOKå~À =∞iÜ«Ú Ô~O_»∞ "Õˆ~fi~°∞ ^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}ÏÖ’¡ („Ѩ`«ºHõ∆ ~°∂ѨO, Ѩ~ÀHõ∆

192

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2) J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ JÉσãπ (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›) `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£: PÜ«∞# Hõ^äŒ#O:
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) =∂‰õΩ k=ºY∞~å#∞ ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ <ÕiÊOz#@∞¡
`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£#∞ <ÕiÊã¨∂Î ~ÚÖÏ Ñ¨eˆH"å~°∞:

J`«ÎÇ≤ÏÜ«∂º`«∞ JÖò =ÚÉÏ~°HÍ`«∞ Jã¨ûÅ"å`«∞ J`«Î~ÚºÉÏ`«∞483 eÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï,
Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇH· õ JܫںǨï#flaÜ«Úº = ~°ÇϨ ‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ = |~°HÍ`«∞Ǩï Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú
JÖˇ·# = PÖÏ WÉÏkÖÏ¡Ç≤Ï™êûeÇ‘Ï<£. J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï =
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ„~°ã¨∂Å∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ. =∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’
'J|∞ÌǨï = ~°ã¨∂Å∞Ç¨ï— 484 Jx =ÙOk.
3. J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ L=∞~ü (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›) `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£:

J`«ÇÎ Ï≤ Ü«∂º`«∞ eÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ =ã¨ûÅ"å`«∞ =`«~Î ÚºÉÏ`«∞ Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇH· õ JÜ«Úº
ǨÏ#flaÜ«Úº = ~°ÇϨ ‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏ≤ = |~°HÍ`«∞Ǩï Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ<· å = PÖÏ WÉÏkÖÏ¡
~°∂ѨO) PÜ«∞# "≥Ú^Œ@ ÜÕ∞ ^Œ$+≤ìHÀ}O Hõey =Ù<åfl~À `≥eã≤~åÖË^Œ∞. "åã¨Î=O
JÖÏ¡ÇπψH `≥Å∞ã¨∞. – L~°∂Ì J#∞"å^Œ‰õΩÅ∞.
483. W=∂"£∞ #=g Hõ^äŒ#O : nxx ѨeˆH ã¨fi~°∂ѨO, J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’
q=iOz#@∞¡ '=— #∞ *’_çOz
'=Öò =ÚÉÏ~°HÍ`«∞,
=ã¨ûÅ"å`«∞, =`«ÎÜ«∞ºÉÏ`«∞ Jx. ~ÚHõ¯_» '=—, Ѩ^•Å#∞ ã¨OH˜∆ѨÎO KÕ¿ã L^ÕÌâ◊ºO`À
fÜ«∞|_çOk. WÖÏ =∂\Ï¡_»_»O J~°c ÉèÏ+¨Ö’ ã¨Ô~·#^Õ HÍHõ ã¨~°fi™ê^è•~°}"≥∞ÿ#n#∞.
`«ÇϨ Ü«∂º`ü =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x `«~åfiu ã¨^fiŒ K«<åŠǨωõΩ¯^•~°∞_»∞ Hˆ =ÅO JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ =∂„`«"∞Õ .
=∞Ô~=iH© P ǨωõΩ¯ÖË^Œ∞.
484. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, ëêѶ¨~¸, #™ê~Ú

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

193

Ç≤Ï™êûeÇ‘Ï<£ J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ J<£ ÖÏWÖÏÇ¨Ï WÅ¡ÖϡǨï = ǨÏ^ŒÇ¨ï ÖÏ+¨sHõÅǨï =
J+πǨÏ^Œ∞ J#fl =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ<£ J|∞ÌǨ˙ = ~°ã¨∂Å∞Ǩï.485
Wɡfl L=∞~ü Hõ^#Œä O: D `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’
= |~°HÍ`«∞Ǩï486 =∞iÜ«Ú
= ǨÏ^ŒÇï¨ ÖÏ+¨sHõÅǨï487 Ѩ^•Å#∞ <Õ#∞ J^Œ#OQÍ KÕ~åÛ#∞.
4. J|∂ =¸™ê J+π Js (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›) `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ : PÜ«∞# Hõ^äŒ#O:
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: #=∂A K«k"Õ
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=ÙO_Õk. "åã¨Î"åxH˜ "åi ^•fi~å Z<Àfl LÖË¡Y<åÅ∞ ^Œ~°∂^£ QÆ∞iOz =zÛ#ѨÊ\˜H©
U XHõ¯~°∂ nxx q=iOK«ÖË^Œ∞.
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209

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JÖÏ¡=∂ J*ÏÅ∞nÌ<£ a<£ J|∞Ìã¨ûÖÏ"£∞ `«# Ѷ¨`å"å (66/1, 1962 ã¨OII) #O^Œ∞
WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: q`«~ü Y∞#∂`ü #O^Œ∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ÃÑ·
^Œ~°∂^£ ѨOѨ_»O J<Õk x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_çÖË^Œ∞. Hõ#∞Hõ g∞ #=∂AÖ’ ^•xx g∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù
#∞O_ç J^Œ#OQÍ KÕ~°Û_»O J<Õk ÉèÏ=ºO HÍ^Œ∞.
PÜ«∞# =∂@Å ^•fi~å `≥e¿ã^Õq∞@O>Ë - `«~åfiu HÍÅѨ٠H˘O^Œ~∞° LÅ=∂Å∞ ÉèÏqOKÕ
q^èŒOQÍ 'a^ŒÌ`Õ Ç¨Ïã¨<å— #O^Œ∞ qâßÅ ^Œ$HõÊ^äŒO Hõey LO_»_»O =∞Ozk HÍ^Œ∞. HÍh
<ÕxѨÙÊ_»∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1097) #O^Œ∞ ~°O*Ï<£ =∂ã¨OÖ’
Lɡ· a<£ HÍÉò W=∂=∞`ü QÆ∞iOz `≥Å∞Ѩ|_»¤ ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ q=iOK«|_ç#^Õq∞@O>Ë PÜ«∞#, L=∞~ü (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) Ybá¶êQÍ =Ù#fl HÍÅOÖ’ q`«~ü Y∞#∂`ü z=iÖ’
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨO¿Ñ"å~°∞. WÖψQ W™ê‡~¸Öò
MÏr QÍi 'Ѷ¨[Å∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#flc— (107)#O^Œ∞ ‰õÄ_® J|∂ ǨÏb=∂ =ÚP*ò a<£
Ǩiãπ J<åûs ^•fi~å L=∞~ü (~°lJÖϡǨï J#∞›) ѨiáêÅ<å HÍÅOÖ’ `«~ågÇπÏ
W=∂=∞`üÖ’ q`«~ü Y∞#∂`üÖ’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· ^Œ~°∂^£
ѨOѨ_»O x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_çOk. ã¨ÖѶπÅ ^•fi~å D PK«~°} áê\˜OK«|_ç =Ù#flk Hõ#∞Hõ
nxx 'a^£J`ü—QÍ x~åúiOK«_»O ã¨=∞O[ã¨O HÍ^Œ∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

217

Ü«ÚMò*Ï JÖˇ·H±. = W#flǨï ÖÏ Ü«∞lÅ∞¡ =∞<£ "åÖˇ·`ü (=ÖÏ Ü«∞WA˚ =∞<£
P^≥·`ü)524 `«ÉÏ~°HõÎ ~°|ƒ<å =`« PÖˇ·`ü, ÖÏ =∞O*Ï q∞#¯ WÖÏ¡ WÖˇ·H±.525

PYi `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ =∞iÜ«Ú ^•xx qkèQÍ KÕ¿ã JOâ◊O
`«^Œ∞Ѩi ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) <åÅ∞QÆ= ~°HÍ`«∞ ѨÓiÎ
KÕã≤# `«~åfi`« PYi `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ H˘~°‰õΩ ‰õÄ~˘Û<Õ"å~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜
`«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ KÕÜ∞« =∞x P^ÕtOz# "å@xflO\˜h D `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ ‰õÄ_® KÕÜ∞« =∞x
P^ÕtOKÕ"å~°∞. ˆH=ÅO '`«=„~°∞H±—#∞ D `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ J^Œ#OQÍ KÕ¿ã "å~°∞.526
JO>Ë - `«# Z_»=∞ Ñ≤~°∞^Œ∞#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· =ÙOz `«# Ô~O_»∞ HÍà◊§#∞ XHõ"≥·Ñ¨Ù
f¿ã"å~°∞527 =∞iÜ«Ú ‰õΩ_ç HÍe ѨO*Ï („"Õà◊¡ ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO)#∞ ÖËÑ≤ =ÙOz528 `«#
Z_»=∞ HÍe ѨO*Ï#∞, `«# (‰õΩ_ç) `˘_», Ñ≤Hõ¯ „H˜O^Œ =ÙOKÕ"å~°∞529 =∞iÜ«Ú
XHÀ¯™êi ‰õΩ_ç HÍe ѨO*Ï#∞ <ÕÅÃÑ· Ѩ~°KÕ"å~°∞530 =∞iÜ«Ú `«# (Z_»=∞)
"≥∂HÍÅ∞ÃÑ· `«# Z_»=∞ J~°KÕux =ÙOz `«# ÉèÏ~åxfl ^•xÃÑ· "Õ¿ã"å~°∞.531
524. ǨѶ≤*ò Wɡfl ǨÏ[~ü `«# '`«Öòvãπ— #O^Œ∞ D Ѩ^•Å#∞ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å x~°∂Ñ≤OKå~°∞.
<Õ#∞ ‰õÄ_® 'Jã¨Å∞ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO—Ö’ nx J<Õfi+¨}#∞ q=iOKå#∞. HÍh W=∂"£∞ #=g
^•fi~å [iy# á⁄~°áê@∞ Uq∞@O>Ë - PÜ«∞# '~À^Œ `«∞`åÎec<£— (1/253) #O^Œ∞
~ÚÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: H˘O`«=∞Ok LÅ=∂Å∞ `«=∞ "≥·Ñ¨Ù #∞O_ç J^Œ#OQÍ 'Ѷ¨ÅHõÖò
ǨÏ=ÚÌ JÖÏ =∂ YkÜ«∞`ü—, 'Jã¨QÎ Ñ∑ ~≤¶ ∞° Hõ =J`«∂|∞ WÖˇH· —± KÕiÛ#@∞¡ D Ѩ^•Å#∞‰õÄ_®
J^Œ#OQÍ KÕ~åÛ~°∞. HÍh Pâ◊Û~°º"Õ∞¿ã q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ PÜ«∞<Õ, H˘xfl
¿ÑrÅ `«~åfi`«<Õ WÖÏ q=iOKå~°∞: MÏr J|∂ `«Ü∞« ºÉò '=ÖÏ Ü«∞WA˚ =∞<£ P^≥`· —ü #∞
u~°ã¨¯iOK«_»O ã¨Ô~·#k HÍ^Œ∞- J#fl q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ „Ѩ[ÅO^Œ~°∂ UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O Hõey
=Ù<åfl~°∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë D Ѩ^Œ*ÏÅO ɡ·Ç¨Ïd LÖË¡Y#OÖ’=ÙOk. "åã¨Î=O JÖÏ¡ÇπψH
`≥Å∞ã¨∞.
525. ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/119/2), =Úã¨#flѶπ Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ =∞iÜ«Ú nx QÆ∞iOz ÃÑ·
P^è•~°OÖ’ q=iOK«|_»¤ ѨÙã¨ÎHÍÅ#∞ QÆ∂_® ã¨O„ѨkOK«=K«∞Û.
526,528. |∞MÏs. ~ÚHõ Ѷ¨„*ò #=∂AÖÏO\˜ Ô~O_»∞ ~°HÍ`«∞Å #=∂AÅ q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ
^•xÖ’ (Z_»=∞) HÍex <ÕÅÃÑ· Ѩ~°z ‰õÄ~ÀÛ=_»O =∞iÜ«Ú '`«=„~°∞H±— KÕÜ«∞‰õΩO_®
LO_»@O ã¨∞#fl`ü. D q+¨Ü∞« O WO`«‰Ωõ =ÚO^Œ∞ 184, 185 ¿ÑrÅÖ’ q=iOK«|_çOk.
=∞™êÜ«∞Öò WɡflǨh –79= ¿ÑrÖ’ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ ^•fi~å D q+¨Ü«∞O q=iOK«
|_çOk.
527. J|∂^•=Ó^£, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
529,530,531. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.

218

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

PÜ«∞# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ ÖÏQÍ<Õ D `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ ‰õÄ_® ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOK«
=∞x ÃãÅqzÛ =Ù<åfl~°∞. ^Œ~°∂^£ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ "Õˆ~fi~°∞ Ѩ^Œú`«∞Å q=~åÅ∞ '"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜
`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£— J^蕺ܫ∞OÖ’ Wk=~°ˆH q=iOK«|_®¤~Ú.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨOѨ_®xfl
qkèQÍ KÕ¿ã JOâ◊O
PÜ«∞# XHõ =ºH˜Îx #=∂AÖ’ - JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™È΄`«=Ú =∞iÜ«Ú ^Œ~°∂^£
ѨiîOK«‰õΩO_®<Õ ^Œ∞P KÕã¨∞ÎO_»_»O K«∂ã≤, 'W`«#∞ „áêi÷OK«_»OÖ’ `˘O^Œ~°Ñ¨_®¤_»∞—
Jx J<åfl~°∞. `«^Œ∞Ѩi J`«}˜‚ Ñ≤ez D q^èŒOQÍ É’kèOKå~°∞: g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~·<å
#=∂A K«kq`Õ =ÚO^Œ∞QÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™È΄`«O KÕÜ«∂e, `«^Œ∞Ѩi ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ
(ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨOáêe. (=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ
=ÙOk: J`«xH˜ QÆÅ P[˝ Uq∞@O>Ë - J`«#∞ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï =
ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨOáêe) `«^Œ∞Ѩi U ^Œ∞P HÍ"åÅO>Ë Jk KÕã¨∞HÀ"åe.532
PÜ«∞# XHõ =ºH˜Îx #=∂AÖ’ - =ÚO^Œ∞ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™È΄`«O KÕã≤, `«^Œ∞Ѩi
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )ÃÑ· ^Œ~∂° ^£ ѨOѨ_O» K«∂ã≤ ~ÚÖÏ J<åfl~°∞:
^Œ∞P KÕ~Ú, ã‘fiHõiOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok. Ji÷OK«∞, „Ѩ™êkOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok.533
532. JǨχ^£, J|∂^•=Ó^£, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/83/2), ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞
KÕâß~°∞. [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. nx ^•fi~å `≥eã≤O^Õq∞@O>Ë - D
ǨÏnã¨∞, PYi `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )ÃÑ· ^Œ~∂° ^£ ѨOѨ_O»
`«Ñ¨Êxã¨i Jx J#_®xH˜ P^è•~°O. HÍ~°}O - nxÖ’ PÜ«∞# ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨOѨ_»O
QÆ∞iOz P*Ï˝Ñ≤OKå~°∞. W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸ ^Œ$+≤ìÖ’ Wk `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i. W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£
QÍi PYi LÖË¡Y#O ‰õÄ_® nx<Õ q=iã¨∞ÎOk. giHõ<åfl =ÚO^Œ∞, ã¨Ç¨ÉÏÅ XHõ
ã¨=¸Ç¨ÏO ‰õÄ_® nxx `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i Jx ÉèÏqOzOk. JO`ÕHÍ^Œ∞, W=∂"£∞ PEs
`«# 'H˜`åÉò J+¨¬iÜ«∞`ü— - 415= ¿Ñr Ü«∞O^Œ∞ WÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å
PYi `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^Ö£ ’ QÆ#Hõ ^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ )ÃÑ· ^Œ~∂° ^£ ѨOѨ‰Ωõ O>Ë,
`«# #=∂A#∞ =∞m§ K«^Œ=_»O J`«xÃÑ· `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i J=Ù`«∞Ok.
WÖÏ `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)ÃÑ· ^Œ~°∂^£ ѨiîOK«_»O
`«Ñ¨Êxã¨i J#fl ^Œ$+≤ì HÀ}Ïxfl ˆH=ÅO W=∂"£∞ ëêѶ¨~¸H˜ =∂„`«"Õ∞ PáêkOKÕ"å~°∞
`«=∞ "å^Œ#‰õΩ <åºÜ«∞O KÕ‰õÄ~°ÛÖË^Œ∞. D q+¨Ü«∂<Õfl Ѷ¨H©ÇπÏ ÃÇ·Ïuq∞ `«# '^•~°∞Öò
=∞<£ ^Œ∂^£— (13-16)Ö’ q=iOKå~°∞.
533. #™ê~Ú - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

219

^Œ∞P KÕÜ«∞_®xH˜ =ÚO^Œ∞ <åÅ∞QÆ∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å #∞O_ç
â◊~°}∞HÀ~°_»O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) WÖÏ L^ÀƒùkOKå~°∞: ZѨÙÊ_≥·<å
g∞~°∞ PYi `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£#∞ ѨÓiÎ KÕã¨∞‰õΩO>Ë (=ÚO^Œ∞) <åÅ∞QÆ∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å #∞O_ç
~ÚÖÏ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ â◊~°}∞ "Õ_»∞HÀO_ç:

''JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JTAaHõ q∞<£ J*Ïa [ǨÏ#fl"£∞, =q∞<£ J*ÏaÖò Y„a,
=q∞<£ Ѷ≤`«fluÖò =∞Ǩº =Öò =∞=∂u =q∞<£ +¨„i Ѷ≤`«fluÖò =∞ã‘Ç≤Ï^ÌŒ*Ï˚Öò.——
`«^Œ∞Ѩi g∞‰õΩ J=ã¨~°=Ú#fl ^•xx QÆ∂iÛ "Õ_»∞HÀO_ç.534
PÜ«∞# ‰õÄ_® `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ `«~åfi`« D ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã"å~°∞535 =∞iÜ«Ú `«#
ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° ʼnõΩ ‰õÄ_® k=ºY∞~üP<£ ã¨∂~åÅ#∞ <ÕiÊ#@∞¡ D ^Œ∞P#∞ <Õ~ˆ Ê"å~°∞.536

ã¨ÖÏO ‰õΩ =ÚO^Œ∞ ^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«_»O =∞iÜ«Ú ^•x
qaè#fl Ѩ^Œú`«∞Å∞
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# #=∂AÖ’537 qaè#fl ~°HÍÅ
^Œ∞PÅ∞ ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞. XHõ™êi F ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã,Î =∞~À™êi WOHÀ ^Œ∞P ѨiOî KÕ"å~°∞.
WÖÏ „Ѩ[ʼnõΩ Z<Àfl ~°HÍÅ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ ѨiîOK«_®xfl ^èŒ~°‡Ü«ÚHõÎOQÍ ‰õÄ_® Y~å~°∞
534. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, #™ê~Ú, =Ú#Îv Wɡfl JÖò *Ï~°∂^£, nx `«„v*ò W~åfi LÖò
QÆbÖò (350)Ö’ KÕÜ«∞|_çOk.
535. J|∂^•=Ó^£, JǨχ^£ - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
536. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#.
537. "Õ∞=Ú `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^‰£ Ωõ |^Œ∞Å∞ '#=∂A— J#fl Ѩ^•xfl "å_®=Ú. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’
WÖψQ =ÙOk. WO^Œ∞Ö’ '`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£—Ö’<Õ J#fl +¨~°`«∞ Ug∞ÖË^Œ∞. JO^Œ∞ˆH D Ѩ^ŒO
ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞, `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ =∞iÜ«Ú g\˜`Àáê@∞ #=∂AÖ’ ^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã Jxfl ã¨O^Œ~åƒùʼnõΩ
=iÎã¨∞ÎOk. WHõ ã¨*ÏÌÅ∞, `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Å q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ - "å\˜Ö’ „Ѩ`ÕºHõOQÍ ^Œ∞P
KÕÜ«∞=∞x P^ÕtOK«|_ç =ÙOk.

220

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KÕâß~°∞. =∞iÜ«Ú #=∂A K«k"Õ =ºH˜ÎH˜-D ^Œ∞P ÅÖ’ `«#H˜+¨ì"≥∞ÿ# ^•xx
ZOK«∞HÀ=∞x538 P^ÕtOKå~°∞. P ^Œ∞PÅ∞ Wq:

"≥Ú^Œ\˜ ^Œ∞P:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JTAaHõ q∞<£ J*ÏaÖò Y„a = JTAaHõ q∞<£ Ѷ≤`«fluÖò
=∞ã‘Ç≤Ï^ÌŒ*Ï˚e, = JTAaHõ q∞<£ Ѷ≤`«fluÖò =∞Ǩº =Öò =∞=∂u, JÖϡǨï=∞‡
Whfl JTAaHõ q∞#Öò =∂ã¨g∞539=Öò =∞„QÆ"£∞.540
538. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O. W=∂"£∞ J„+¨"£∞ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: <Õ#∞ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£#∞ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ `«~åfi`« <Õ#∞ U ^Œ∞P KÕÜ∂« e? Jx J_çQÍ#∞. PÜ«∞# ["åaã¨∂Î 'ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’
LÖË¡dOK«|_ç# ^Œ∞PÅ∞— Jx J<åfl~°∞. <Õ#∞ uiy-=∞i ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï
= ã¨ÅO¡ ) - '#=∂A K«k"Õ =ºH˜Î `«#H˜+"ì¨ ∞≥ #ÿ ^Œ∞P#∞ ZOK«∞HÀ=K«∞Û— Jx ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞QÍ
Jx J_çQÍ#∞. ^•xHÍÜ«∞# - ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ LÖËd¡ OK«|_ç# ^Œ∞PÅÖ’ #∞O_ç `«#H˜+"ì¨ ∞≥ #ÿ
^•xx ZOK«∞HÀ=K«∞Û Jx J<åfl~°∞. <Õ#∞ PÜ«∞##∞ uiy „ѨtflOK«QÍ, PÜ«∞# =∞m§
["åaã¨∂Î - ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ LÖËd¡ OK«|_ç# ^Œ∞PÅ∞ Jx J<åfl~°∞. JÖÏ¡=∂ Wɡfl `≥q· ∞Ü«∂
nxx ã¨=∞i÷OKå~°∞. q=~åʼnõΩ PÜ«∞# =∞E‡J-69/218/1#∞ ã¨O„ѨkOK«=K«∞Û.
`«^Œ∞Ѩi JÖÏ¡=∂ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: 'J^Œ∞ÌP—Ö’ JeѶπ =∞iÜ«Ú ÖÏ"£∞ JHõ∆~åÅ∞
ˆH=ÅO ^Œ∞P HÀã¨O KÕ~°Û|_»ÖË^Œ∞. ÃÑ·QÍ JÖÏ¡ÇπωõΩ „Ñ‘uáê„`«"≥∞ÿ# ^Œ∞PÅ HÀã¨O
KÕ~°Û|_®¤~Ú. JO^Œ∞ˆH <Õ#<Õ^Õq∞@O>Ë - ^Œ∞PÅ∞ JO>Ë =∞„+¨Ø =∞iÜ«Ú =∞ã¨∂fl<£
^Œ∞PÅ∞ - JO>Ë - ǨÏnã¨∞ÅÖ’ LÖË¡dOK«|_ç#, „ѨÜ≥∂[#Hõ~° ^Œ∞PÅ∞.
<Õ#∞ K≥¿ÑÊ^Õq∞@O>Ë - JÖÏ¡=∂ KåÖÏ =∞Oz =∂@ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞. HÍh, „ѨÜ∂≥ [#Hõ~°
^Œ∞PÅ QÆ∞iOz `≥eÜ«∂ÅO>Ë ã¨Ç‘Ï Ç¨Ïnã¨∞Å *Ï˝#O `«Ñ¨Êxã¨i. HÍh, nx *Ï˝#O
HõÅ"å~°∞ KåÖÏ H˘kÌ=∞Ok =∂„`«"∞Õ . JO^Œ∞Hˆ , ã¨ÇÏ‘ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞, "å\˜Ö’#∂ „Ѩ`ºÕ HõOQÍ,
^Œ∞P KÕ¿ã =ºH˜Î L^ÕÌâߺxfl q=iOKÕ ^Œ∞PÅ#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«_»O L`«Î=∞O. "åã¨Î=O
JÖÏ¡ÇπψH `≥Å∞ã¨∞.
539. JO>Ë - =∞x+≤ áêáê`«∞‡_≥· áÈÜÕ∞ q+¨Ü«∂Å∞ ÖË^• áêáê~°˚# ÅHõ∆ ºOQÍ KÕÜ«∞|_Õ
q+¨Ü«∂Å∞. =∞„y"£∞#∞ ‰õÄ_® WÖψQ qâı¡+≤OK«=K«∞Û. JѨÙÊ Jx nx J~°÷O. nxH˜
P^è•~°O ǨÏnã¨∞Ö’ =zÛ# ã¨OѨÓ~°‚ Ѩ^•Å∞. PÜ≥∞ëê (~°l JÖϡǨï J#›) WÖÏ
ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)#∞ F =ºH˜Î-g∞~°∞ JѨÙÊ #∞O_ç
JkèHOõ QÍ â◊~}° ∞ HÀ~°_O» Ö’ QÆÅ =∞~°‡O Uq∞\˜? Jx J_çQÍ_»∞. ^•xHÍÜ«∞# ["åaã¨∂Î
-=∞x+≤ JѨÙÊÅáêÖˇ·#ѨÙÊ_»∞ Jã¨`«ºO ѨÅ∞‰õΩ`å_»∞, =∂@ `«Ñ¨ÙÊ`å_»∞ Jx J<åfl~°∞.
540. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

221

Ô~O_»= ^Œ∞P:
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JTAaHõ q∞<£ +¨„i=∂ Jq∞Å∞Î541 =q∞<£ +¨„i=∂Å"£∞
JJ±=∞Öò.542

=¸_»= ^Œ∞P:
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Ǩã≤Éòh Ç≤Ï™ê|<£ Ü«∞ã‘~å.543

<åÅ∞QÆ= ^Œ∞P:

JÖÏ¡Çï¨ =∞‡ a We‡HõÖò QÔ |· = Y∞^£~u° Hõ JÅÖò YÖòd JÇπÏ~¸h =∂ Je"£∞`«Öò
ǨÏÜ«∂`« Mˇ·~°<£b, = `«=Ѷ¨Êùh W*Ï HÍ#uÖò =á¶ê`«∞ Mˇ·~°<£b, JÖϡǨï=∞‡ =
JãπJÅ∞Hõ Y+πÜ«∞`«Hõ Ѷ≤Öò ÔQ·a =+¨¬Ç¨^Œu = Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ Hõe=∞`«Öò ǨÏdö =Öò
J^£e Ѷ≤Öò QÆ[a =„i*Ï.

541. JO>Ë - <Õ#∞ KÕã≤# K≥_»∞Å #∞O_ç h â◊~°}∞ HÀ~°∞`«∞<åfl#∞ =∞iÜ«Ú U ѨÙ}ϺÅ#∞
<ÕxѨÊ\˜ =~°‰õΩ KÕÜ«∞ÖË^À "å\˜ PK«~°}#∞ `«ºlOK«_»O ^•fi~å HõeˆQ K≥_»∞ #∞O_ç h
â◊~°}∞ HÀ~°∞`«∞<åfl#∞.
542. #™ê~Ú - ã¨ÇÏ‘ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~`° À, <å J<Õfi+¨} „ѨHÍ~°O - Wɡfl Jc Pã≤"∞£ H˜`å|∞ã¨∞û#flÇπÏ
(370), =∞HõÎÉò W™ê¡g∞ Z_ç+¨<£, J^Œ#Ѩ٠Ѩ^•Å∞ Wɡfl Jc Pã≤"£∞ Ö’xq.
543. JǨχ^£, ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.

222

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ LOk:
(= Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ Hõe=∞`«Öò ǨïH˜‡ =Öò J^£e Ѷ≤Öò QÆ[a =„i*Ï) = Jãπ JÅ∞HõÖò
Yãπ^Œ Ѷ≤Öò Ѷ¨„d =Öò y<å = Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ #D=∞<£ ÖÏ Ü«∞c^Œ∞ =Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ
Y∞„~°`« Sx<£ ÖÏ `«<£Ñ¶¨^Œ∞ =ÖÏ `«<£YuL = JãπJÅ∞Hõ„i*Ï ÉÏ^ŒÖò Y*ÏW =
Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ |~ü^ŒÖò S+≤ ÉJ^ŒÖò =∞øu = Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ Å[˚ `«#fl[i WÖÏ
=*òÇ≤ÏHõ = Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ뜬Y WÖÏ eMÏWHõ Ѷ‘ÔQ·i [„~åJ =Úl„~°u<£ =ÖÏ
Ѷ≤`«flu<£ =ÚlÅ¡u<£. JÖϡǨï=∞‡ [~Úº<å ar#uÖò D=∂x =*òJÖò<å
Ǩï^•`«<£ =ÚǨÏÎn<£.544
S^Œ= ^Œ∞P: J|∂ |„H± ã≤nÌMò (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›)‰õΩ D ^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«=∞x
É’kèOKå~°∞:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Wxfl [ÅO`«∞ #Ѷ≤û AŇ<£ Hõã‘~°<£ =ÖÏÜ«∞Q∑Ѷ≤~°∂ A#∂| WÖÏ¡
J#ΠѶQ¨ Ñ∑ s≤¶ ¡ =∞Q∑Ñ~≤¶ `° <« £ q∞<£ WOkHõ =~üÇϨ "£∞x W#flHõ J#ÎÖò QÆÑÓ¨¶ ~°∞„~°ÇÏ‘ "£∞.545
P~°= ^Œ∞P: PÜ≥∞ëê (~°l JÖϡǨï J#›)‰õΩ D ^Œ∞P ѨiîOK«=∞x P^ÕtOKå~°∞:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JãπJÅ∞Hõ q∞#Öò Mˇ·i ‰õΩe¡Ç≤Ï PleÇ≤Ï = PleÇ≤Ï =∂
Je"£∞`«∞ q∞<£Ç¨ï = =∂Å"£∞ PÅ"£∞ = JTAaHõ q∞<£+¨„i ‰õΩe¡Ç≤Ï PleÇ≤Ï
= PleÇ≤Ï =∂ Pe"£∞`«∞ q∞<£Ç¨ï = =∂Å"£∞ PÅ"£∞ = Jãπ JÅ∞HõÖò [#fl`«
==∂ Y„~°| WÖˇ·Ç¨Ï q∞<£ M∫e<£ B J=∞e<£.
=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ =ÙOk:

544. #™ê~Ú. ǨH˜"£∞ nxx ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
545. |∞MÏs, =Úã≤¡O.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

223

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JãπJÅ∞HõÖò [#fl`« ==∂ Y„~°| WÖˇ·Ç¨ q∞<£ M∫e<£ B
J=∞e<£ = JTAaHõ q∞#<åfli ==∂ Y„~°| WÖˇ·Ç¨ q∞<£ M∫e<£ B J=∞e<£
= Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ q∞#Öò Mˇ·i =∂ ã¨JÅHõ J|∞ÌHõ = ~°ã¨∂Å∞Hõ =ÚǨÏ=∞‡^£.
WOHÀ LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ LOk:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl Jãπ JÅ∞Hõ q∞#Öò Mˇ·i =∂ ã¨JÅHõ J|∞ÌHõ = ~°ã¨∂Å∞Hõ
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ∞<£ = JTAaHõ q∞<£ +¨„i=∞ã¨Î J[Hõ q∞<£Ç¨ï J|∞ÌHõ = ~°ã¨∂Å∞Hõ
=ÚǨÏ=∞‡^Œ∞<£ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) = JãπJÅ∞Hõ =∂ Y^≥·`«b q∞<£
J„q∞<£ J<£`«*òJÅ Pd|`«Ç¨ï b ~°∞+π^Œ.546

U_»= ^Œ∞P :
^≥=· „Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨ÅÖ¡ Ï¡Çï¨ J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) F ã¨ÇϨ K«~∞° x`À- #∞=Ùfi #=∂AÖ’
UO Ѩi™î êÎ=Ù? Jx J_çQÍ~°∞. ^•xHõ`#« ∞ - <Õ#∞ `«+Ǩ ï¨ ›^£ K«^∞Œ =Ù`å#∞. `«^∞Œ Ѩi
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ ã¨fi~°æO QÆ∞iOz "Õ_»∞‰õΩO\Ï#∞ #~°HõO #∞O_ç â◊~°}∞ HÀ~°∞O\Ï#∞.
(^Œ<£^Œ#ÇπÏ)547
JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ™êH˜∆! <å‰õΩ g∞ÖÏQÍ, =ÚP*ò ÖÏQÍ Ñ¨ÅHõ_»O
~å^Œ∞ Jx J<åfl_»∞. nxH˜ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ["åaã¨∂Î
- =∂
^Œ<£^Œ#ÇπÏ ‰õÄ_® "å\˜ K«∞@∞ì„ѨHõ¯ÖË =ÙO@∞Ok. (JO>Ë "Õ∞=Ú
‰õÄ_® "å\˜ QÆ∞iOKÕ „áêi÷ã¨∂Î LO\Ï=Ú.)548 Jx J<åfl~°∞.
546. JǨχ^£, `«Ü«∂eã‘, |∞MÏs- JÖò J^Œ|∞Öò =ڄѶ¨^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, ǨH˜O nxx
ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞, [ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. <Õ#∞ nx `«„v*ò#∞
ã≤Öòã≤Å`«∞Öò JǨÏnãπ Jã¨ûÇ‘ÏÇ¨Ï (1542)Ö’
KÕâß#∞.
547. JO>Ë - ã¨OѨÓ~°‚OQÍ J~°÷O HÍx g∞ ^Œ∞P =∞iÜ«Ú g∞ =∂@Å∞.
^Œ<£^Œ#ÇπÏ
JO>Ë - =∞x+≤ =∂\Ï¡_ç#ѨÙÊ_»∞ J`«x =∂@Öˇ·`Õ q#|_»∞`«∞O\Ï~Ú, HÍx "å\˜
"åã¨ÎqHõ J~°÷O É’^èŒÑ¨_»^Œ∞.
548. J|∂^•=Ó^£, Wɡfl=∂*Ï, ã¨Ç‘Ï Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂ (1/87/1) ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À

224

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

Zxq∞^Œ= ^Œ∞P:
PÜ«∞# F =ºH˜Îx `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ D „H˜Ok Ѩ^•Å∞ ѨÅHõ_»O q<åfl~°∞:
JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JãπJÅ∞Hõ Ü«∂ JÖϡǨï
=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ LOk:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JãπJÅ∞Hõ aÖÏ¡Ç≤ÏÖò"åÇ≤Ïkã¨û=∞kÅ¡r Å"£∞ Ü«∞e^£
=Å"£∞ Ü«¸Å^£, =Å"£∞ Ü«∞‰õΩšǨ˙ ‰õΩѶ¨Ù=<£ JǨÏ^£ JO`«Q∑Ѷ≤~°b A#∂a
W#flHõ JO`«Öò QÆѶ¨Ó~°∞„~°Ç‘ÏO.
nxÃÑ· PÜ«∞# WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: W`«}˜‚ Hõ∆q∞OK«_»O [iyOk, W`«}˜‚
Hõ∆q∞OK«_»O [iyOk.549

`˘q∞‡^Œ= ^Œ∞P:
PÜ«∞# =∞~À =ºH˜Îx `«+¨Ç¨ï›^£Ö’ WÖÏ Ñ¨Å∞‰õΩ`«∞O_»QÍ q<åfl~°∞:

JÖϡǨï=∞‡ Whfl JãπJÅ∞Hõ a J#fl ÅHõÖò ǨÏ"£∞^Œ ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÖÏ¡ J#Î
=ǨÏ^ŒHõ ÖÏ+¨sHõÅHõÖò =∞<åfl#∞ Ü«∂ |nJã¨û=∂ "åu =Öò J~ü˚! Ü«∂ [Öò
[ÖÏe =Öò W„HÍ"£∞! Ü«∂ ǨÏÜ«Úº Ü«∂ YÜ«¸ºO! Whfl JãπJÅ∞HõÖò [#fl`« =
JTAaHõ q∞#<åfl~ü.
nxÃÑ· ã¨ÊOkã¨∂Î PÜ«∞# `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å`À WÖÏ J<åfl~°∞: g∞‰õΩ `≥Å∞™ê,
W`«#∞ ^Õxx ™ê^èŒ#OQÍ KÕã¨∞H˘x ^Œ∞P KÕâß_À? ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞Å∞ - 'JÖÏ¡ÇπωõÄ
PÜ«∞# „Ѩ=HõΉõÄ ÉÏQÍ `≥Å∞ã¨∞— Jx J<åfl~°∞. PÜ«∞# q=iã¨∂Î - Z=i
KÕ`∞« Ö’¡ <å „áê}O =ÙO^À P â◊H=Θ ∞O`«∞x ™êH˜!∆ W`«#∞ JÖÏ¡ÇÏπ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ =∞Ǩϟ#fl`«
549. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ=· ∂, ǨH˜"∞£ nxx ã¨ÇÏ‘ QÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
[ǨÏc ‰õÄ_® nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.

^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡O) #=∂A ã¨fi~°∂ѨO

225

<å=∂xfl550 ™ê^èŒ#OQÍ KÕã¨∞H˘x ^Œ∞P KÕâß_»∞. nxx ™ê^èŒ#OQÍ KÕã¨∞H˘x ^Œ∞P
KÕ¿ãÎ ã‘fiHõiOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok =∞iÜ«Ú "Õ_»∞‰õΩO>Ë J#∞„QÆÇ≤ÏOK«|_»∞`«∞Ok551 Jx
J<åfl~°∞.

Ѩ^Œ= ^Œ∞P:
`«+¨Ç¨ï›^£ =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨ÖÏO =∞^茺 ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
™ê=∂#ºOQÍ Ñ¨iîOKÕ ^Œ∞PÅÖ’ D „H˜Ok ^Œ∞P ‰õÄ_® KÕi =ÙOk.

JÖϡǨï=∞‡Q∑Ѷ≤s¡ =∂ Y^ŒÌ"£∞`«∞ ==∂ JYö~ü`«∞ ==∂ Jãπ~°~ü`«∞ ==∂
PÅ#∞Î ==∂ Jãπ~°Ñ¶π`«∞ ==∂J#Î PÅ=Ú aÇ≤Ï q∞hfl J#ÎÖò =ÚY^ÌŒ=Ú
=J#ÎÖò =ÚJdö~°∞ ÖÏ WÖÏÇ¨Ï WÖÏ¡ J#Î.552
550. D ^Œ∞PÖ’ JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ¿Ñ~°∞¡, QÆ∞}QÆ}ÏÅ#∞ ™ê^èŒ#OQÍ KÕã¨∞HÀ=_»O QÆ∞iOz q=iOK«
|_çOk =∞iÜ«Ú JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ `«# P^Õâ◊O-''JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞Oz ¿Ñ~°¡‰õΩ J~°∞›_»∞. Hõ#∞Hõ
J`«}˜‚ =∞Oz ¿Ñ~°¡`À<Õ "Õ_»∞HÀO_ç.—— (P~åѶπ : 18)Ö’ nx QÆ∞iOz q=iOKå_»∞.
WHõ Wq `«Ñ¨Ê, Ѷ¨ÖÏ<å HÀã¨O, Ѷ¨ÖÏ<å Ü≥ÚHõ¯ ǨωõΩ¯#∞, ™ê÷~Úx ™ê^èŒ#OQÍ KÕã¨∞‰õΩx
"Õ_»∞H˘<Õ q+¨Ü«∂xH˘¿ãÎ-W=∂"£∞ J|∂ ǨÏhá¶ê =∞iÜ«Ú PÜ«∞# J#∞K«~°∞Å∞ nxx
=∞„‰õÄÇπÏ.... JO>Ë... x+≤^Œú=∞x Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞. HÍh ^Œ∞~°^Œ$+¨ìHõ~°"≥∞ÿ# q+¨Ü«∞"Õ∞q∞
@O>Ë - KåÖÏ =∞Ok - g\˜Ö’LÅ=∂Å∞ ‰õÄ_® KåÖÏ =∞Ok KÕi=Ù<åfl~°∞ - <À\˜
#∞O_ç D ^èŒ~°‡Ü«ÚHõÎ"≥∞ÿ# =ã‘ÖÏ QÆ∞iOz Hõhã¨O q#_»O ‰õÄ_® [~°QÆ^Œ∞. ÃÑ·QÍ g~°∞
H˘O„Q˘`«Î =ã‘ÖÏÅ#∞ áê\˜ã¨∂Î "å\˜ÃÑ· ZO`«QÍ J`«∞‰õΩ¯áÈÜ«∂~°O>Ë, K«∂¿ã"åiH˜
D H˘O„Q˘`«Î =ã‘ÖÏÅ∞ `«Ñʨ "Õ~ˆ Ѩ^`úŒ ∞« ÖËg ã¨~Ô #· q HÍ=Ù Jx JxÑ≤ã∞¨ OÎ k. "åã¨"Î åxH˜
D H˘O„Q˘`«Î =ã‘ÖÏÅ∞ J<Õq Hõhã¨O q"å^•ã¨Ê^Œ q+¨Ü«∂Öˇ· `«Ñ¨Ê‰õΩO_® =Ù<åfl~Ú.
¿+Y∞Öò W™ê¡O Wɡfl `≥·q∞Ü«∂ D q+¨Ü«∞OÃÑ· 'JÖò `«=ã¨∞ûÖò =Öò =ã‘ÖÏ— ¿Ñ~°∞`À
„"åã≤# ѨÙã¨ÎHõO XHõ K«Hõ¯\˜ ѨÙã¨ÎHõO. ^•xx K«kq f~åe. <å ѨÙã¨ÎHõO - J`«Î=ã¨∞ûÖò
J<£ "å WÇ≤Ï = JÇπÏHÍq∞Ç≤Ï-Wk ~Ô O_»∞ ™ê~°∞¡ =Ú„kOK«|_çOk-‰õÄ_® D q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’
„Ѩ^è•#"≥∞ÿ#k. nxÖ’ <Õ#∞ =∂ HÍÅѨ٠^è•i‡Hõ _®Hõìˆ~@¡ H˘O„Q˘`«Î JáÈǨÏÅ#∞
YO_çOK«_»O [iyOk. JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =∞#O^ŒiH© ã¨<å‡~°æO K«∂ѨÙQÍHõ!
551. J|∂^•=Ó^£, #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, |∞MÏs - JÖò J^Œ|∞Öò =ڄѶ¨^£, `«„ÉÏh, `ÒÇ‘Ï^£
Wɡfl =∞O^Œ (44/22, 67/1, 701-2) – ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À
552. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#

226

ã≤Ѷ¨`«∞ã¨ûÖÏ`«∞#fla

ã¨ÖÏO JOâ◊O
`«^Œ∞Ѩi ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·‰õΩO =~°Ç¨Ï‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— Jx JO@∂ `«# ‰õΩ_ç K≥OѨ `≥Å¡^Œ#O
Hõ#|_ÕÖÏ =ÚMÏxfl ‰õΩ_ç"Ñ·≥ Ù¨ #‰õΩ „u¿ÑÊ"å~°∞. W^Õ q^èOŒ QÍ
'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·‰õΩO =~°Ç¨Ï‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇπÏ— JO@∂ Z_»=∞ K≥OѨ `≥Å¡^Œ#O Hõ#|_ÕÖÏ
=ÚMÏxfl Z_»=∞"≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ „u¿ÑÊ"å~°∞.553 XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞# "≥Ú^Œ\ ˜ ã¨ÖÏOÖ’
'=|~°HÍ`«∞Ç¨ï— J#fl Ѩ^•xfl J^Œ#OQÍ KÕ~ˆ Û"å~°∞.554 JÖψQ XHÀ¯™êi
PÜ«∞# ‰õΩ_ç"÷≥ Ñ`· Õ
Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ‰· Ωõ O = ~°ÇϨ ‡`«∞ÖÏ¡ÇÏπ
Jx ѨeH˜ Z_»=∞"≥·Ñ¨Ù uiy ˆH=ÅO
Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·‰õΩO`À
555
ã¨iÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞. XHÀ¯™êi PÜ«∞# ˆH=ÅO XˆH ã¨ÖÏO`À ã¨iÃÑ>Ëì"å~°∞. JO>Ë'Jã¨ûÖÏ=Ú JÖˇ·‰õΩO— Jx
=ÚMÏxfl H˘kÌQÍ ‰õΩ_ç"≥·Ñ¨Ù#‰õΩ „uÑ≤Ê
J<Õ"å~°∞.556
^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) `«# ã¨Ç¨ÏK«~°∞ʼnõΩ ã¨ÖÏO „u¿ÑÊ
@ѨÙÊ_»∞ `«=∞ KÕ`«∞Å`À ã¨O[˝ KÕÜ«∞_»O K«∂ã≤ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: g∞~°∞ g∞
KÕ`∞« Å#∞ =∞zÛHõ HÍx QÆ∞„~åÅ `ÀHõÅ ÖÏQÍ ZO^Œ∞‰õΩ Hõke™êÎ~∞° ? g∞Ö’ Z=Ô~<· å
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ã¨Ç‘ÏQÍ Y~å~°∞ KÕâß~°∞.
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=Úã¨#flѶπ J|∞Ì„~°*Ï˚Mò (2/219), =Úã¨fl^£ J|∂ Ü«∂ÖÏ (3/1252), `«„ÉÏh Hõc~ü
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J|∞Ì„~°*Ï˚Mò (2/219) nxx "Õˆ~ Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À ‰õÄ_® LÖË¡dOKå~°∞.
555. #™ê~Ú, JǨχ^£, ã≤~å*ò - ã¨Ç‘Ï Ñ¨~°OѨ~°`À.
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Wɡfl =∞ÅH˜¯<£ (29/1) nx`À UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞. nx `«„v*ò <Õ#∞ W~åfi LÖò
QÆbÖò(327)#O^Œ∞ KÕâß#∞.

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K«kq#ѨÙÊ_»∞ ZѨÙÊ_»∂ =∞m§ WÖÏ KÕÜ«∞ÖË^Œ∞.
=∞~À LÖË¡Y#OÖ’ WÖÏ =ÙOk: g∞ HÀã¨O - KÕux `˘_»ÃÑ· =ÙOz g∞
W~°∞"≥·Ñ¨ÙÅ =Ù#fl "åiH˜
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ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë - P_»"åiH˜ U^≥<· å q+¨Ü∞« OÖ’ =∞QÆ"åiÖÏ KÕÜ∞« ‰õÄ_»^#Œ fl =∂@‰õΩ
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557. =Úã≤¡O, J|∂ J"å#, ã≤~å*ò, Wɡfl Y∞*ˇ·=∂, `«„ÉÏh
<À\ò: WÉÏkÜ«∂ (MÏs˚Å =~°æO) D ǨÏnã¨∞‰õΩ ÃÑ_®~å÷Å∞ `˘_çyOk. "åi ѨO_ç`«∞_»∞
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=ÚO^Œ∞ 96, 97 ¿ÑrÅÖ’ q=iOK«|_çOk.

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KÕÜ«∞=∞x JÖÏ¡ÇπÏ#∞ "Õ_»∞‰õΩO@∞<åfl#∞.
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KÕ`«∞Å∞ <åaè „H˜O^Œ =ÙOK«_®xfl ã¨∂zOKÕ Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ |ÅÇ‘Ï#`«
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110) =∞iÜ«Ú Wɡfl Jc Ã+·ÉÏ (1/156/1) D „H˜Ok Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À nxx
LÖË¡dOKå~°∞:
''J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨ ‡<£ Wɡfl WãπÇ¨ Mò ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# lÜ«∂^£ Wɡfl *ˇ^· £ Jã≤û"å~Ú
^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# J|∂ AÃÇ·Ïá¶ê ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# Jb (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›)
^•fi~å `«#∞ WÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°x `≥eÜ«∞*Ëâß~°∞:
''#=∂AÖ’ KÕ`∞« Å#∞ XHõ^•xÃÑ· =∞~˘Hõ\ ˜ =ÙOz <åaè „H˜O^Œ ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=_»O
ã¨∞#fl`ü.——
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D Ѩ~°OѨ~°Ö’ ‰õÄ_® |ÅÇ‘Ï#`« (WlÎ~åÉò) =Ù#flk. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨‡<£ Wɡfl WãπǨMò
– F™êi lÜ«∂^£ ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# J|∂ AÃÇ·Ïá¶ê ^•fi~å PÜ«∞# Jb
^•fi~å (ÃÑ·# q=iOK«|_»¤ Ѩ~°OѨ~°) J#fl Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå_»∞.
– =∞~À™êi - <À=∂<£ Wɡfl™ê^£ ^•fi~å PÜ«∞# Jb ^•fi~å - J#fl
Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå_»∞. (^•Ô~Y∞ufl, ɡ·Ç¨Ïd)
– WOHÀ™êi - ã≤Ü«∂ãπ J|∞Öò ǨÏHõ"£∞ ^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# J|∂ "å~ÚÖò
^•fi~å, PÜ«∞# J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å ^•fi~å - J#fl Ѩ~°OѨ~°`À LÖË¡dOKå_»∞.
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1. J|∂^•=Ó^£ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ a<£ ǨÏO|Öò
J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨‡<£ Wɡfl WãπǨMò JÖò ‰õÄѶ‘x |ÅÇ‘Ï# LÖË¡Y‰õΩ_çQÍ
„ѨHõ\ ˜ã¨∞ÎO_»QÍ <Õ#∞ q<åfl#∞.
(JO^Œ∞Hˆ W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£ D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ ã‘fiHõiOK«Ö^Ë ∞Œ . PÜ«∞# ‰õΩ=∂~°∞_»∞
J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: <Õ#∞ =∂ <å#flQÍix - #=∂AÖ’ `«#
Ô~O_»∞ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ <åaèÃÑ·# ÃÑ@∞ìHÀ=_»O K«∂âß#∞.)
2. W=∂"£∞ #=g `«# =∞E‡ (3/313) =∞iÜ«Ú '+¨~°ÇπÏ =Úã≤¡O— #O^Œ∞
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D q+¨Ü«∞O`À '[~°ÇπÏ = `ånÖò— W=∂=ÚÅ∞ ‰õÄ_® UH©ÉèíqOKå~°∞.
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J|∞Ì„~°Ç¨ ‡<£ Wɡfl WãπÇ¨ Mò JÖò "åã≤u Ü≥ÚHõ¯ XˆH XHõ¯ LÖËY¡ #O =∞iÜ«Ú
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~ÚÖÏ LÖË¡dOK«|_çOk:
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Kå~°∞: ''<Õ#∞ Jb (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›)#∞, `«# ‰õΩ_ç KÕux Z_»=∞ KÕu
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nxx 'ǨÏã¨<—£ Jx „ѨH\õ O˜ Kå~°∞ =∞iÜ«Ú |∞MÏs (1/301) nxx ã¨OH˜Ñ∆ Ψ
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Hõ#∞Hõ ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O) ^•fi~å „áê=∂}˜HõOQÍ

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=∞zÛHõ HÍx QÆ∞„~åÅ `ÀHõÅ ÖÏQÍ g∞~°∞ KÕ`«∞Å∞ ÖËѨ_»O <Õ#∞ K«∂âß#∞.
#=∂AÖ’ ~ÚÖÏ KÕÜ«∞HõO_ç.
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ÖËK@Õ Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∞ ~°ÑÜ
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J~°÷O HÍ=_®xH˜ D „H˜Ok ǨÏnã¨∞ =ÙOk.
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= ã¨Å¡O) ~ÚÖÏ ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
=∞zÛHõ HÍx QÆ∞„~åÅ `ÀHõÅ ÖÏQÍ g∞Ô~O^Œ∞‰õΩ KÕ`«∞Å#∞ Hõke™êÎ~°∞?

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g∞~°∞ KÕÜ«∂eûO^ŒÖÏ¡ Uq∞@O>Ë g∞
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„uÑ≤Ê ã¨ÖÏ=Ú KÕÜ«∞O_ç,
KÕ`«∞Å ã¨O[˝`À HÍ^Œ∞. (ã¨Ç‘Ï =Úã≤¡O)
W) ǨÏnã¨∞"Õ`«Î (=ÚǨÏkÌã‘<£)ÅO^Œi UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O Uq∞@O>Ë- ÃÑ·#
q=iOK«|_»¤ Ô~O_»∞ ǨÏnã¨∞Å∞ "åã¨Î"åxH˜ XHõ>Ë. ˆH=ÅO LÖË¡Y‰õΩÅ
Ѩ^Œ*ÏÅOÖ’ =º`åºã¨O LOk. |∞kú =∞O`«∞_≥=Ô~·<å D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ K«kq
nxx ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£#∞ `«ºlOK«_®xH˜ P^è•~°OQÍ KÕã¨∞HÀÖË_»∞.
*Ï˝#∞Öˇ· =ÙO_ç‰Äõ _® Z=Ô~`· Õ nxx (~°ÑÜ
¨¶ ∞« ^≥<· £ `«ºlOK«_®xH˜) P^è•~°OQÍ
fã¨∞‰õΩ =™êÎ~À, "åix QÆ∂iÛ W=∂"£∞ |∞MÏs ~°Ç≤Ï=∞ǨïÖÏ¡ÇπÏ ~ÚÖÏ
ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞:
U =ºH˜Î J~Ú<å *Ïa~ü a<£ ã¨=∞~° ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ '~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ `«ºlOK«_®xH˜
P^è•~°O— Jx `«ÅáÈ™êÎ_À J`«_»∞ J*Ï˝x =∞iÜ«Ú Ç¨Ïnã¨∞ Ѩi*Ï˝#O
Z~°∞QÆx "å_»∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë ^≥=·
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ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞, HÍx dÜ«∂ºO ã≤÷uÖ’ HÍ^Œ∞.
(A*ò ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ - |∞MÏs –16= ¿Ñr, `«Öòvãπ - 83= ¿Ñr =∞iÜ«Ú
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J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ (~°l JÖϡǨï J#∞›) #=∂A KÕ~ÚOKå~°∞
=∞iÜ«Ú ˆH=ÅO XˆH™êi KÕ`«∞Öˇ`åÎ~°∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£,
ui‡l)
nxx ‰õÄ_® KåÖÏ QÆ\ ˜ìQÍ fã¨∞H˘ã¨∞ÎO\Ï~°∞.
HÍh, ǨÏnã¨∞ Ѩi*Ï˝#OÖ’ xëê‚`«∞Öˇ·# W=∂"£∞ J|∂^•=Ó^£ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ
D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ QÆ∂iÛ ~ÚÖÏ i=∂~°∞¯ KÕâß~°∞:

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W=∂"£∞ ui‡l nxx QÆ∂iÛ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =ÚÉÏ~°H± ~ÚÖÏ
ÃãÅqKåÛ~°∞: J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ =∞ãπT^£ ǨÏnã¨∞ Ü≥ÚHõ¯ Ѩ~O° Ѩ~° „áê=∂}˜HOõ QÍ
x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_çÖË^Œ∞. (ui‡l - 36 ¿Ñr, `«Öòvãπ - 83 ¿Ñr)
W=∂"£∞ |∞MÏs, W=∂"£∞ JǨχ^£, W=∂"£∞ Ü«∞Ǩº Wɡfl P^Œ"∞£ =∞iÜ«Ú
J|∂ Ǩu"£∞ nxx |ÅÇ‘Ï#"≥∞ÿ#kQÍ x~åúiOKå~°∞. (=Úã¨fl^£ JǨχ^£
- 3= ã¨OѨÙ@O - 16 ¿Ñr)
W=∂"£∞ #=g ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D ǨÏnã¨∞ |ÅÇ‘Ï#`« QÆ∞iOz ǨÏnã¨∞
"Õ`«ÎÅO^Œi =∞^茺 UHÍaè„áêÜ«∞O LOk.
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=¸_»= P^è•~°O: |~å a<£ PlÉò Hõ^äŒ#O : ^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï
J֡Ƿ Ï≤ = ã¨ÅO¡ ) "≥Ú^Œ\ ™˜ êi ~°ÑÜ
¨¶ ∞« ^≥<· £ KÕâß~°∞,
=∞m§ KÕÜ∞« ÖË^∞Œ .
(J|∂^•=Ó^£)
D Ǩ Ï n㨠∞ #∞ QÆ ∂ iÛ ‰õ Ä _® W=∂"£ ∞ J|∂^•=Ó^£ 㨠fi Ü« ∞ OQÍ
''D ǨÏnã¨∞ „áê=∂}˜Hõ"≥∞ÿ#k HÍ^Œ∞—— Jx i=∂~°∞¯
KÕâß~°∞. (J|∂^•=Ó^£-1= ã¨OѨÙ@O - 200 ¿Ñr)
D ǨÏnã¨∞#∞ W=∂"£∞
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=∞iÜ«Ú ^•Ô~Y∞ufl nxx (Ö’áêÅ∞#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ) 'u~°ã¨¯iOK«|_ç#
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(`«hfi~ü : 16 ¿Ñr)
<åÅ∞QÆ= P^è•~°O: J|∞ÌÖÏ¡ a<£ L=∞~ü ‰õΩ PáêkOK«|_çOk. J^Õq∞@O>Ë'PÜ«∞# ˆH=ÅO XˆH™êi KÕ`«∞Öˇ`åÎ~°∞— Jx (`«Ç¨q)
nxx QÆ∞iOz-ã¨fiÜ«∂<å ǨÏ#Ѷ‘ LÅ=∂ÅÖ’ „Ѩ=ÚY∞Å∞ =∞øÖÏ<å J|∞ÌÖò
ÃÇ·Ï ÅHÀflg ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞: D =K«#O (Ö’áêÅ∞#fl HÍ~°}OQÍ)
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^≥·=„Ѩ=HõÎ (ã¨Å¡ÖϡǨï JÖˇ·Ç≤Ï = ã¨Å¡O)
`«# ^≥·=^Ò`«ºÑ¨Ù P~°OÉèíO #∞O_ç PYi #=∂A =~°‰õΩ ~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜
"≥à§ı @ѨÙÊ_»∞, ~°∞‰õÄ #∞O_ç ÖËK@
Õ Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∞ ~°ÑÜ
¨¶ ∞« ^≥<· £ KÕâß~°x LÖËd¡ OKå~°∞.
=∞i PÜ«∞<Õ ã¨fiÜ«∞OQÍ nxH˜ q~°∞^ŒúOQÍ ZÖÏ áê\˜OK«QÆÅ~°∞? PÜ«∞#
(Wɡfl L=∞~ü) ^•fi~å ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕÜ«∞_»O „áê=∂}˜Hõ Ѩ~°OѨ~° ^•fi~å
x~°∂Ñ≤OK«|_ç LOk. (`åeY∞Öò =Ú"£∞l^£-193 ¿Ñr)
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"≥Ú^Œ\ ˜™êˆ~ KÕ`«∞Öˇ`ÕÎ"å~°∞. (^•Ô~Y∞ufl)
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P^è•~°O HÍÖË^Œ∞. (`«Öòvãπ JÖòr~ü-83 ¿Ñr).
JO`ÕHÍHõ J#ãπ, J|∂ ǨïÔ~·~å, Wɡfl Aɡ·~üÅ ^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® D
q+¨Ü«∞OÖ’ LÖË¡dOK«|_Õ =K«<åÅhfl ‰õÄ_® Jã¨`«º"≥∞ÿ#q
=∞iÜ«Ú x~å^è•~°"≥∞ÿ#q. (`«Öòvãπ JÖò =Ú"£∞l^£ -83= ¿Ñr)
PY~°∞QÍ - Ǩï[˚`«∞Öò Ç≤ÏO^£ ''ëê=b LÖÏ¡ÇπÏ =ÚǨÏkÌãπ ^≥ǨÏbfi——QÍi
x~°‚Ü«∞O ‰õÄ_® q#O_ç - `«#∞ ~ÚÖÏ ¿Ñ~˘¯<åfl~°∞:
''~°ÑÜ
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Z‰õΩ¯= „Ñ≤Ü«∞"≥∞ÿ#"å_»∞. ZO^Œ∞HõO>Ë, nxÃÑ· Z<Àfl P^è•~åÅ∞
„áê=∂}˜HõOQÍ x~å÷iOK«|_ç =Ù<åfl~Ú.—— (Ǩï[˚`«∞ÖÏ¡ JÖò ÉÏeQÆ - 2=
ã¨OѨÙ@O - 8= ¿Ñr)

Hõ#∞Hõ, ÃÑ· P^è•~åÅ∂, "å\˜ "åã¨qÎ Hõ`Å« ^•fi~å ~°∂_èç J~Ú# q+¨Ü∞«
"Õ∞q∞@O>Ë - ~°∞‰õÄÖ’H˜ "≥à§ı @ѨÙÊ_»∞ =∞iÜ«Ú ~°∞‰õÄ #∞O_ç ÖËK@
Õ Ñ¨ÙÊ_»∞
~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕÜ«∞_»"Õ∞ ã¨Ô~·# q+¨Ü«∞O =∞iÜ«Ú ã¨∞#fl`ü. ~°Ñ¶¨Ü«∞^≥·<£ KÕÜ«∞Hõ
áÈ=_»O J<Õk U „áê=∂}˜Hõ ǨÏnã¨∞ ^•fi~å ‰õÄ_® x~åúiOK«|_»ÖË^Œ∞.
(`≥Å∞QÆ∞ J#∞"å^Œ‰õΩÅ∞)

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