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Enabling the Next Wave of Telecom Growth in India

Enabling the Next Wave of Telecom Growth in India

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Published by: harshita_singh_13 on Oct 13, 2012
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  • 1.1. Overview
  • 1.2. Importance of telecom
  • 2.1. History of the Indian telecom industry
  • 2.2. Regulatory framework
  • 2.3. Overview of the Indian telecom industry
  • 2.4. Wireless
  • 2.5. Wireline
  • 2.7. National long distance and international long distance
  • 2.8. Telecom equipment manufacturing
  • 2.9. Infrastructure
  • 2.11. Outlook
  • 3.1. Key achievements of NTP 1999
  • 3.2. Key challenges of NTP 1999
  • 4Key enablers
  • 4.2. Connected India: telecom mission 2020
  • 4.3.1 Licensing77
  • 4.3. Key enablers under existing scenario
  • 4.3.2 Spectrum78
  • 4.3.3 Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)82
  • 4.3.4 Broadband84
  • 4.3.5 Mergers and acquisitions87
  • 4.3.6 Taxation
  • 4.3.7 Foreign direct investment (FDI)
  • 4.3.8 Consumer affordability and rural penetration
  • 4.3.9 Human resource
  • 4.3.10 Equipment manufacturing93
  • 4.3.11 Telecom infrastructure97
  • 4.3.12 Enterprise data
  • 4.3.13 Convergence99
  • 4.3.14 Security
  • 4.4. Key enablers for potential opportunities
  • 4.4.1 m-commerce100
  • 4.4.4 M-health
  • 4.4.2 M2M communication
  • 4.4.3 Mobile money
  • 4.4.7 MNREGA and UID
  • 4.4.5 M-education
  • 4.4.6 Financial inclusion
  • 5. Global practices
  • Glossary

A number of positive regulatory changes have driven growth in the sector. The key feature
of India’s regulatory regime is transparency in industry information, an open approach and
encouragement of consultation with stakeholders. The key stakeholders as a part of the
regulatory environment in the telecom ecosystem include the Ministry of Communications
& Information Technology (MICT), Department of Telecommunications (DoT), the Telecom
Commission, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) and the Telecom Dispute
Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT).



• The MICT is part of the Indian Government. The key departments of the ministry include the Department of
Telecommunications, the Department of Information Technology, and the Department of Posts
• The MICT formulates policies with respect to telecom, post, telegraph and other means of communication
• The laws governing the telecom sector include the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885; the Indian Wireless Telegraphy Act, 1933; and
the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997

• The DoT is a part of the MICT. Its key responsibilities include:
• Policy, licensing and coordination matters relating to telegraphs, telephones, wireless, data, facsimile and telematic
services and other like forms of communications
• International cooperation
• Promotion of standardization and R&D
• Promotion of private investment

Telecom Commission

• The Telecom Commission was set up in 1989 by the GoI to deal with various aspects of telecommunications
• The commission consist of four full-time members that are ex-offcio Secretary to the GoI in the DoT, and four part-time

members that are secretaries to the GoI of the concerned departments
• The Telecom Commission is responsible for policy formulation, licensing, wireless spectrum management, administrative
monitoring of public sector undertakings (PSUs), R&D and standardization and validation of equipment, among other matters

Enabling the next wave of telecom growth in India




• TRAI was established as an independent statutory regulatory authority under the TRAI Act in 1997. The key powers and
functions of the authority include:
• Recommending the need for a new service provider, and the terms and conditions of license to a service provider
• Ensuring technical compatibility and effective inter-connection between different service providers
• Regulating revenue-sharing arrangements among service providers
• Ensuring compliance with the terms and conditions of license
• Setting and enforcing the time frames for providing local and long-distance telecommunication circuits
• Recommending revocation of licenses for non-compliance of their terms and conditions
• Facilitating competition and promoting effciency in the operation of telecommunication services
• Protecting the interests of the consumers
• Monitoring the quality of service and conducting periodical surveys
• Inspecting the equipment used in the network and recommending the type of equipment to be used by service providers
• Settling disputes between service providers
• Advising the central government in matters related to the development of telecommunication technology and the
telecom industry
• Levying fees and other charges
• Ensuring compliance with universal service obligations
• Performing other functions, such as administrative and fnancial functions, that may be entrusted to TRAI by the central

government, or as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of the TRAI act

• In April 2000, the GoI established the Telecom Dispute Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT), as an authority separate
from the TRAI to handle disputes in the telecom sector
• The functions of TDSAT are to adjudicate any dispute between a licensor and licensee, between two or more service providers,
and between a service provider and a group of consumers; and to hear and dispose of appeals against any decision or order
• The appellate tribunal consists of a chairperson and two other members

Enabling the next wave of telecom growth in India


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