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Banduras Social-Cognitive Theory

He argues that reinforcement is not always prerequisite to learning. Learning may also occur as a result of watching someone else perform an action and experience reinforcement or punishment. This kind of learning called observational learning or modeling.

Bandura also calls attention to a class of reinforcement called intrinsic reinforcement. These are reinforcement within an individual, such as the joy and pleasure felt after having written a poem, or on the part of a child, his having drawn a star or a flower.

Another important consideration is maturation. it needs maturity to be able to understand/perform a more complicated task.

A child goes through four sets of processes to produce a behavior that matches that of a model. First, a child experience in particular situation influences his ability to achieve a modeled behavior. Second, what ever skills are retained from what a child has observed are a collection of cognitive skills. Third, the reproduce behavior are dependent on other cognitive skills, that includes feedback from others. Fourth, the motivation to produce the behavior is influence by various incentives; his own standards, and his tendency to compare himself with others.

Golemans Emotional Intelligence


Emotional intelligence is a type of social intelligence that affords the individual the ability to monitor his own and other s emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use the information to guide his thinking and actions.

Three components of EQ: 1. the awareness of ones emotion 2. the ability to express ones emotion appropriately 3. and the capacity to channel emotions into the pursuit of worthwhile objectives

Major qualities that make up emotional intelligence and how they can be developed: 1. Self-awareness 2. Mood Management 3. Self-motivation 4. Impulse Control 5. People Skills