Today: Lesson 1.

8
Objectives: -To use past skills of composition functions to identify inverse relations/ confirm inverse relations - To graph inverse relations
- Eventually…. to use inverse relations to understand the relation of logarithms and exponentials in Chapter 3!!

Warm up: Going back to what we learned about compositions of functions… Consider the functions f(x) = x2 – 4 and g(x) = x  4 Solve for (f o g)(x) and (g o f)(x) .

Definition of Inverse Functions (Algebraic)

g(x) and f(x) are inverses of each other if and only if f(g(x)) = x and g(f(x))= x Ex/ f(x) = 4x and g(x)= x/4
g(x) is referred to as the inverse function of f(x). Thus g(x) could more specifically be named f-1(x)

• Notation: we identify an inverse function by labeling it with f-1(x)

Results
• The roles of y and x change. – x = independent variable – y = dependent variable- what you are trying to solve for • A reflection over the y = x line x 0 1 2 3 4 f(x) = x2 f(x) (aka “y”) 0 1 4 9

• x • f-1 (x)

0
0

1
1

4
2

9
3

Steps TO DETERMINE IF TWO FUNCTIONS ARE INVERSES
• TAKE THE COMPOSITION OF THE TWO FUNCTIONS f(g(x)) and g(f(x)). • If the compositions equal x. you have inverse functions.

Examples: 16;27

Requirements of finding an inverse function
• You know a function will produce an inverse function if the original function is one-to-one • One-to-one: passes the vertical line test and the HORIZONTAL LINE TEST • If a function is not one-to-one, the inverse relation will not be a functionjust a relation • Consider f(x) = x2

y=x2

Steps TO FIND the inverse of a function:
1.) Change f(x) to y 2.) Reverse the roles of x and y 3.) Solve for y 4.) This is the undoing function, your inverse function, so just change y to f-1(x)
Ex 45

Homework
Section 1.8 pg. 83 #s 1-4; 16-20(ev; just a); 27-31; 42& 43(do graph) 45-47(no graph); 5662(ev)

The Inverse Relation
• An inverse relation or and inverse function undoes what the original function did. • f(x) = 1/2x3 + 4 To “undo” this function y = ½ x3 + 4

y=x2
You can restrict the domain: (-∞, 0]

#44

To graph an inverse relation
• Know if a function has an inverse functionhorizontal line test • Pick plot points and reverse x/y roles or - Solve for the inverse function using the steps from yesterday. • Graph

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