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Author: Muhammad Valiallah Date: 10 October 2012

Subject: Transport Phenomena


Adapted: Transport Phenomena (Bird Steward and Lightfoot)

Derivation of Bernoulli Equation, Transport


Phenomena Chap 3 Page 86
The equation of motion in the substantial time derivative form is:

!!
!
= !! ! ! + !!
!"

For inviscid fluids ! ! = 0, the equation of motion becomes:

!!
!
= !! + !!
!"
For steady flow the time derivative disappears

!! !
= ! + ! !"
Dt !"

! ! !" = !! ! ! + !!

Substituting the vector identity into the above equation:

1
! !" = ! ! ! ! !!
2

1
! ! ! ! ! !! = !! + !!
2

but
! = !!

! = !

1
! ! ! ! ! !! = !! !"!
2

Divide through by !

1
1
! ! ! ! !! = !! + !!
2
!
Let ! be the unit vector in the flow direction

!
! =
!

Take the dot product of ! with the above equation:

Author: Muhammad Valiallah Date: 10 October 2012




Subject: Transport Phenomena
Adapted: Transport Phenomena (Bird Steward and Lightfoot)
1
1
! ! ! ! ! ! !! = ! !! ! !!
2
!

1
1
= ! ! ! ! ! ! !! = ! !! ! !!
2
!
1
1
= ! ! ! ! ! ! !! = ! !! ! !!
2
!
1
1
= ! ! ! ! ! ! !! = ! !! ! !!
2
!

1
1
! ! ! ! ! ! !! = ! ! ! (! !)!
2
!

1! !
! 1
!
! ! ! !! =
! !
2 !"
!" !
!"

!! !! !!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!! =
= !!
!! !! !!
!! !! + !!
!!
!
!"
!"
!"
!"
!"
!" !
!" !" !"
!! !! !!

!!! + !!! + !!!
!!=
= !
!!! + !!! + !!!

!!
!!
!!
!!
!!
!!
! !!! = !

!
!
!
!
!
! !
! !
!
!
!" ! !" !
!" ! !" !
!" ! !" !

!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
= !! !!
!!
!! !!
!! !! !! !!
!!
!! !!
!! !!
!"
!"
!"
!"
!"
!"
!"
!"
!
!
!
!
+ !! !!
! ! !!
! !
!" ! !" !
!" ! !" !

1
!
!
!
!
=
!! !!
!!
!! !! !!
!!
!
!
!"
!"
!"
!" !
!
!
!
!
+ !! !!
!! !! + !! !!
!! !!
!"
!"
!"
!"
!
!
!
!
+ !! !!
! ! !! !!
! !

!" ! !" !
!" ! !" !

! !!! = 0
1! !
! 1
!
! =
! !
2 !"
!" !
!"

Integrating along stream line which is in the direction of flow from point 1 to 2

Author: Muhammad Valiallah Date: 10 October 2012


Subject: Transport Phenomena
Adapted: Transport Phenomena (Bird Steward and Lightfoot)
1 !
!"
!! =
!"
2
!

1
2

!! ! =
!

1 !
! !!! =
2 !

1
!!! !!! +
2

!!

!!

!!

!!

!"

!"
!

1
!" ! ! !
!

1
!" + ! ! ! = 0
!