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CHAPTER – 4

1.

m = 1 gm = 1/1000 kg

F = 6.67 × 10

–17

–17

6.67 × 20

2

r =

2.

3.

NF=

m1 = 1 gm

Gm1m2

r2

r

**6.67 10 11 (1/ 1000 ) (1/ 1000 )
**

=

r2

**6.67 10 11 10 6 10 17
**

17 = 1

6.64 10 17

10

r = 1 = 1 metre.

So, the separation between the particles is 1 m.

A man is standing on the surface of earth

The force acting on the man = mg ………(i)

Assuming that, m = mass of the man = 50 kg

2

And g = acceleration due to gravity on the surface of earth = 10 m/s

W = mg = 50× 10= 500 N = force acting on the man

So, the man is also attracting the earth with a force of 500 N

The force of attraction between the two charges

=

1

4 o

q1 q 2

1

9 10 9 2

2

r

r

**The force of attraction is equal to the weight
**

Mg =

9 109

r2

r =

9 10 9

9 10

m 10

m

r=

9 10 8 3 10 4

mt

m

m

2

8

2

[Taking g=10 m/s ]

**For example, Assuming m= 64 kg,
**

r=

4.

3 10 4

3

10 4 = 3750 m

8

64

mass = 50 kg

r = 20 cm = 0.2 m

FG G

**m1m2 6.67 10 11 2500
**

0.04

r2

q2

1 q1 q2

9

FC =

= 9 × 10 0.04

4 o r 2

Coulomb’s force

Since, FG = Fc =

2

q =

**6.7 10 11 2500 9 10 9 q2
**

0.04

0.04

**6.7 10 11 2500 6.7 10 9
**

25

0.04

9 10 9

= 18.07 × 10

q=

m2 = 1 gm

–18

-9

18.07 10 -18 = 4.3 × 10 C.

4.1

Chapter-4

5.

**The limb exerts a normal force 48 N and frictional force of 20 N. Resultant magnitude of
**

the force,

( 48 )2 (20)2

R =

6.

=

2304 400

=

2704

48N

= 52 N

The body builder exerts a force = 150 N.

Compression x = 20 cm = 0.2 m

Total force exerted by the man = f = kx

kx = 150

F

150 1500

=

= 750 N/m

0 .2

2

Suppose the height is h.

2

At earth station F = GMm/R

M = mass of earth

m = mass of satellite

R = Radius of earth

k=

7.

F=

GMm

GMm

=

2

(R h)

2 R2

2

2

2

2

2R = (R + h) R – h – 2Rh = 0

2

2

h + 2Rh – R = 0

2R 4R 2 4R 2

= 2R 2 2R

H=

2

2

= –R ±

8.

2R = R

2 1

= 6400 × (0.414)

= 2649.6 = 2650 km

Two charged particle placed at a sehortion 2m. exert a force of 20m.

F1 = 20 N.

r1 = 20 cm

r2 = 25 cm

F2 = ?

Since, F =

1 q1q2

,

4 o r 2

2

F1 r2

F 2 = F1 ×

F2 r12

9.

F

1

r2

2

2

r1

16

64

20

= 20 × = 20 ×

=

= 12.8 N = 13 N.

25

5

25

r2

**The force between the earth and the moon, F= G
**

F=

6.67 10 11 7.36 10 22 6 10 24

3.8 10

8 2

19

20

=

= 20.3 × 10 =2.03 × 10 N = 2 ×10

–19

10. Charge on proton = 1.6 × 10

Felectrical =

20

mmmc

6.67 7.36 10 35

3.8 2 1016

N

2

1

qq

9 109 1.6 10 38

12 2 =

2

4 o

r

r

mass of proton = 1.732 × 10

–27

r2

kg

4.2

x

F

Chapter-4

Fgravity = G

6 .67 10

m1m2

=

2

r

11

1 .732 10 54

r2

**9 10 9 1.6 10 38
**

2

Fe

9 1.6 10 29

36

r2

=

= 1.24 × 10

2

Fg 6.67 10 11 1.732 10 54

6.67 1.732 10 65

r2

–11

11. The average separation between proton and electron of Hydrogen atom is r= 5.3 10 m.

2

9

a) Coulomb’s force = F = 9 × 10 ×

**9 109 1.0 10 19
**

q1q2

=

2

r2

5.3 10 11

2

–8

= 8.2 × 10

N.

b) When the average distance between proton and electron becomes 4 times that of its ground state

Coulomb’s force F =

1

qq

9 10 9 1.6 10 19

1 22 =

2

4 o 4r

16 5.3 10 22

–7

2

9 1.6

2

=

16 5.3

2

–9

= 0.0512 × 10 = 5.1 × 10 N.

12. The geostationary orbit of earth is at a distance of about 36000km.

2

We know that, g = GM / (R+h)

2

At h = 36000 km. g = GM / (36000+6400)

g`

6400 6400

256

0.0227

g 42400 42400 106 106

g = 0.0227 × 9.8 = 0.223

2

[ taking g = 9.8 m/s at the surface of the earth]

A 120 kg equipment placed in a geostationary satellite will have weight

Mg` = 0.233 × 120 = 26.79 = 27 N

****

4.3

10 7

H.C Verma Part 1 And Part 2

H.C Verma Part 1 And Part 2

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