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Native Wildflowers for Your Garden*
Common Name Exposure Moisture Butterflies &Insects Birds&
Mammals

Ground -cover

White Baneberry, Actaea pachypoda Nodding Onion, Allium cernuum Climbing Aster, Ampelaster carolinianus Sandhills Bluestar, Amsonia ciliata Arkansas Bluestar, Amsonia hubrichtii Eastern Bluestar, Amsonia tabernaemontana Windflower, Anemonella thalictroides Eastern Columbine, Aquilegia canadensis Green Dragon, Arisaema dracontium Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum Goat’s-beard, Aruncus dioicus Wild Ginger, Asarum canadense Swamp Milkweed, Asclepias incarnata Common Milkweed, Asclepias syriaca Butterfly Milkweed, Asclepias tuberosa Appalachian False Goat’s-beard, Astilbe biternata White Wild Indigo, Baptisia alba Baptisia 'Purple Smoke', Baptisia hybrid Yellow Wild Indigo, Baptisia sphaerocarpa Common Grass-pink, Calopogon tuberosus White Turtlehead, Chelone glabra Pink Turtlehead, Chelone lyonii Green-and-gold, Chrysogonum virginianum Maryland Golden-aster, Chrysopsis mariana Early Black-cohosh, Cimicifuga racemosa Eastern Spring-beauty, Claytonia virginica Lobed Tickseed, Coreopsis auriculata Lance-leaf Tickseed, Coreopsis lanceolata Greater Tickseed, Coreopsis major Tall Tickseed, Coreopsis tripteris Wild Bleeding-heart, Dicentra exima Umbrella-leaf, Diphylleia cymosa Eastern Shooting Star, Dodecatheon meadia Eastern Purple-coneflower, Echinacea purpurea

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Common Name

Exposure

Moisture

Butterflies &Insects

Birds&
Mammals

Ground -cover

Northern Rattlesnake-master, Eryngium yuccifolium American Trout-lily, Erythronium americanum Boneset, Eupatorium perfoliatum Purple Joe-pye-weed, Eutrochium fistulosum White Snakeroot, Eupatorium rugosum White Wood Aster, Eurybia divaricatus Big-leaf Aster, Eurybia macrophylla Wild Geranium, Geranium maculatum Common Sneezeweed, Helenium autumnale Purple-head Sneezeweed, Helenium flexuosum Swamp Sunflower, Helianthus angustifolius Purple-disk Sunflower, Helianthus atrorubens Woodland Sunflower, Helianthus divaricatus Smooth Oxeye, Heliopsis helianthoides Sharp-lobe Liverleaf, Hepatica acutiloba Round-lobe Liverleaf, Hepatica americana American Alumroot, Heuchera americana Hairy Alumroot, Heuchera villosa Little-brown-jug, Hexastylis arifolia Large-flower Heartleaf, Hexastylis shuttleworthii Savanna Rose-mallow, Hibiscus aculeatus Scarlet Rose-mallow, Hibiscus coccineus Swamp Rose-mallow, Hibiscus grandiflorus Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow, Hibiscus moscheutos Eastern Yellow Star-grass, Hypoxis hirsuta Dwarf Crested Iris, Iris cristata Dwarf Iris, Iris verna Virginia Blueflag, Iris virginica Twinleaf, Jeffersonia diphylla Seashore-mallow, Kosteletzkya virginica Grass-leaved Blazing-star, Liatris graminifolia Sessile Blazing-star, Liatris spicata Scaly Blazing-star, Liatris squarrosa Turk’s Cap Lily, Lilium superbum Cardinal-flower, Lobelia cardinalis Great Blue Lobelia, Lobelia siphilitica

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Common Name

Exposure

Moisture

Butterflies &Insects

Birds&
Mammals

Ground -cover

Solomon’s-plume, Maianthemum racemosum Virginia Bluebells, Mertensia virginica Allegheny Monkey-flower, Mimulus ringens Partridge-berry, Mitchella repens Two-leaved Miterwort, Mitella diphylla Bee-balm, Monarda didyma Eastern Horse-mint, Monarda punctata Southern Sundrops, Oenothera fruticosa Mountain-spurge, Pachysandra procumbens Wild Quinine, Parthenium integrifolium White Arrow-arum, Peltandra sagittifolia Green Arrow-arum, Peltandra virginica Eastern Gray Beardtongue, Penstemon canescens Foxglove Beardtongue, Penstemon digitalis Dissected Beardtongue, Penstemon dissectus Eastern Smooth Beardtongue, Penstemon laevigatus Small’s Beardtongue, Penstemon smallii Eastern Blue Phlox, Phlox divaricata Creeping Phlox, Phlox stolonifera Summer Phlox, Phlox paniculata Obedient-plant, Physostegia virginiana May-apple, Podophyllum peltatum Rose Pogonia, Pogonia ophioglossoides Spreading Jacob’s Ladder, Polemonium reptans King Solomon’s-seal, Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum Heartleaf Pickerelweed, Pontederia cordata Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint, Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Orange Coneflower, Rudbeckia fulgida Black-eyed-Susan, Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii Black-eyed-Susan, Rudbeckia hirta Green-head Coneflower, Rudbeckia laciniata Brown-eyed-Susan, Rudbeckia triloba Duck-potato, Saggitaria latifolia var. pubescens Bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis Pitcher-plant, Sarracenia species Lizard's-tail, Saururus cernuus Hoary Skullcap, Scutellaria incana

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Common Name

Exposure

Moisture

Butterflies &Insects

Birds&
Mammals

Ground -cover

Large-flower Skullcap, Scutellaria integrifolia Heart-leaf Skullcap, Scutellaria ovata Woodland Stonecrop, Sedum ternatum Fire-pink, Silene virginica Starry Rosinweed, Silphium dentatum Cup-plant, Silphium perfoliatum Narrow-leaf Blue-eyed-grass, Sisyrinchium angustifolium Axillary Goldenrod, Solidago caesia Anise-scented Goldenrod, Solidago odora Rough-leaf Goldenrod, Solidago rugosa Showy Goldenrod, Solidago speciosa Nodding Ladies’-tresses, Spiranthes cernua Stokes’-aster, Stokesia laevis Eastern Silvery Aster, Symphyotrichum concolor New England Aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae Eastern Aromatic Aster, Symphytotrichum oblongifolium Skunk Meadow-rue, Thalictrum revolutum Foamflower, Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Hairy-stem Spiderwort, Tradescantia hirsuticaulis Catesby’s Trillium, Trillium catesbaei Little Sweet Betsy, Trillium cuneatum Wake-robin, Trillium erectum Great White Trillium, Trillium grandiflorum Yellow Trillium, Trillium luteum Large-flowered Bellwort, Uvularia grandiflora Sessile-leaf Bellwort, Uvularia sessilifolia New York Ironweed, Vernonia noveboracensis Culver’s-root, Veronicastrum virginicum Dooryard Violet, Viola sororia Appalachian Barren-strawberry, Waldsteinia fragarioides Yellowroot, Xanthorhiza simplicissima Adam’s-needle, Yucca filamentosa Common Golden Alexanders, Zizia aurea

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Native Ferns for Your Garden*
Common Name Exposure Moisture

Northern Maidenhair, Adiantum pedatum Common Ebony Spleenwort, Asplenium platyneuron Southern Lady Fern, Athyrium asplenioides Eastern Hay-scented Fern, Dennstaedtia punctilobula Fancy Fern, Dryopteris intermedia Southern Wood Fern, Dryopteris ludoviciana Marginal Wood Fern, Dryopteris marginalis Sensitive Fern, Onoclea sensibilis Cinnamon Fern, Osmunda cinnamomea Royal Fern, Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis Broad Beech Fern, Phegopteris hexagonoptera Christmas Fern, Polystichum acrostichoides Southern Shield Fern, Thelypteris kunthii New York Fern, Thelypteris noveboracensis Blunt-lobe Cliff Fern, Woodsia obtusa Netted Chain Fern, Woodwardia areolata Virginia Chain Fern, Woodwardia virginica

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Native Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes for Your Garden*
Common Name Exposure Moisture

Big Bluestem, Andropogon gerardii Bushy Bluestem, Andropogon glomeratus River-oats, Chasmanthium latifolium Tufted Hair Grass, Deschampsia cespitosa Bottle-brush Grass, Elymus hystrix Purple Love Grass, Eragrostis spectabilis Hairgrass, Muhlenbergia capillaris Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum Silver Plume Grass, Saccharum alopecuroidum Bent-awn Plume Grass, Saccharum contortum Giant Plume Grass, Saccharum giganteum Common Little-bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium Yellow Indian Grass, Sorghastrum nutans Prairie Cord Grass, Spartina pectinata Tall Redtop, Tridens flavus Soft Rush, Juncus effusus Hairy Wood-rush, Luzula acuminata Southern Waxy Sedge, Carex glaucescens Gray’s Sedge, Carex grayi Erect Sedge, Carex stricta Broad-leaf Whitetop Sedge, Rhynchospora latifolia

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*Please Note: This list is based on our experience gardening in the Piedmont of North
Carolina. Although we consider everything here suitable for the Southeast, not all of the plants are suitable for all areas of the Southeast. Most can be successfully grown in the Piedmont, but there are some that will not thrive in the more extreme conditions of the Mountains or the Coastal Plain, or in the northern or southern extremes of the region. Nomenclature follows Alan S.Weakley, Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia (working draft of July 5, 2005).

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