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.
n tp h -lp 7 ln 8
Chuy n 1 :
cc php tnh trn tp hp s hu t
1. Thc hin php tnh:
a)
1 1
3 4
+

2 7
5 21

+

3 5
8 6

+

b)
16 5
42 8


1 5
1
9 12
_


,

4
0,4 2
5
_
+

,

c)
1
0,75 2
3

( )
1
1 2,25
4


1 1
3 2
2 4

d)
7 3 17
2 4 12

+

1 5 1
2
12 8 3
_


,

5 3 1
6 8 10
_
+

,

2. Thc hin php tnh:
a)
9 17
.
34 4


20 4
.
41 5


6 21
.
7 2


b)
4 1
. 3
21 9
_


,

4 3
. 6
17 8
_ _


, ,
( )
10
3,25 .2
13


c)
8 1
.1
15 4


2 3
2 .
5 4


1 1
1 . 2
17 8
_


,

3. Thc hin php tnh:
a)
5 3
:
2 4


1 4
4 : 2
5 5
_


,

3
1,8:
4
_


,

b)
1 6
3 : 1
7 49
_ _


, ,

2 3
2 : 3
3 4
_


,
( )
3
3,5 : 2
5
_


,
c)
2 4 5
: 5 .2
15 5 12
_


,

1 15 38
. .
6 19 45
_ _


, ,

2 9 3 3
2 . . :
15 17 32 17
_ _


, ,
4. Thc hin php tnh: ( tnh nhanh nu c th )
a)
1 1 1 7
24 4 2 8
1 _

1
, ]
b)
5 7 1 2 1
7 5 2 7 10
1 _ _

1
, , ]
c)
1 2 1 6 7 3
3 5 6
4 3 3 5 4 2
_ _ _
+ +

, , ,
d)
3 1 1 3 1 1
: : 1
5 15 6 5 3 15
_ _
+

, ,
e)
3 5 2 1 8 2
: 2 :
4 13 7 4 13 7
_ _
+ +

, ,
g)
3 3 3
13 4 8
5 4 5
_
+

,

h)
1 5 1
11 2 5
4 7 4
_
+

,
i)
1 9 2
.13 0,25.6
4 11 11


5.Thc hin php tnh
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Violet.vn/quangquyls.
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a)
2 1 3
4.
3 2 4
_
+

,
b)
1 5
.11 7
3 6
_
+

,
c)
5 3 13 3
. .
9 11 18 11
_ _
+

, ,
d)
1 2 7 2
. .
4 13 24 13
_ _ _


, , ,

e)
1 3 2 4 4 2
: :
5 7 11 5 7 11
_ _
+ + +

, ,

7. Tm x bit :
a)
2 3
x
15 10



1 1
x
15 10


3 5
x
8 12


d)
3 1 7
x
5 4 10

+

5 3 1
x
8 20 6
_


,

1 5 1
x
4 6 8
_
+

,

8. tm x bit :


2 4 21 7 14 42 22 8
a. x b. x .......c. x d. x
3 15 13 26 25 35 15 27
9.tm x bit :
( )
8 20 4 4
a. : x b. x: 2
15 21 21 5
2 1 14
c. x: 4 4 d. 5,75 : x
7 5 23
_


,
_


,
e.
( )
4
1
5 : 1
5
2

,
_

x
g.
20
4
1
9
4
1
2 x
12.tm s nguyn x bit :

3 4 3 6
a. 4 .2 x 2 :1
5 23 5 15

_ _


, ,
1 1 1 2 1 1 3
b. 4 . x
3 2 6 3 3 2 4
13. tm x bit :
1 1 5 5 1 3 11
a. 3 : x . 1 b. : x
4 4 3 6 4 4 36
1 3 7 1 1 5 2 3
c. 1 x : 3 : d. x
5 5 4 4 8 7 3 10
22 1 2 1 3 1 3
e. x f. x
15 3 3 5 4 2 7
_ _


, ,
_ _
+ + +

, ,
+ +

.
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14.Tm x bit :
1
a. x 5,6 b. x 0 c. x 3
5
3 1
d. x 2,1 d. x 3,5 5 e. x 0
4 2
1 5 1
f. 4x 13,5 2 g. 2 x
4 6 3
2 1 3 2 1
h. x i. 5 3x
5 2 4 3 6
1 1 1
k. 2,5 3x 5 1,5 m. x
5 5 5

+

+ +
+ +
Chuyn 2:
lu tha ca mt s hu t.
Bi 1: Tnh:
a) (0,25)
3
.32; b) (-0,125)
3
.80
4
; c)
2 5
20
8 .4
2
; d)
11 17
10 15
81 .3
27 .9
.
Bi 2: Cho x Q v x 0. Hy vit x
12
di dng:
a) Tch ca hai lu tha trong c mt lu tha l x
9
?
b) Lu tha ca x
4
?
c) Thng ca hai lu tha trong s b chia l x
15
?
Bi 3: Tnh gi tr ca:
a) M = 100
2
99
2
+ 98
2
97
2
+ .... + 2
2
1
2
;
b) N = (20
2
+ 18
2
+ 16
2
+ .....+ 4
2
+ 2
2
) (19
2
+ 17
2
+ 15
2
+ ......
+ 3
2
+ 1
2
);
c) P = (-1)
n
.(-1)
2n+1
.(-1)
n+1
.
Bi 4: Tm x bit rng:
a) (x -1)
3
= 27; b) x
2
+ x = 0; c) (2x + 1)
2
= 25; d)
(2x - 3)
2
= 36;
e) 5
x + 2
= 625; f) (x -1)
x + 2
= (x -1)
x + 4
; g) (2x - 1)
3
= -8.
h)
1 2 3 4 5 30 31
. . . . ... .
4 6 8 10 12 62 64
= 2
x
;
Bi 5: Tm s nguyn dng n bit rng:
a) 32 < 2
n
< 128; b) 2.16 2
n
> 4; c) 9.27 3
n
243.
Bi 6: Cho biu thc P =
( 5)
( 6)
( 6)
( 5)
( 4)
x
x
x
x
x
+
+

. Hy tnh gi tr ca P vi x =
7 ?
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Bi 7: So snh:
a) 99
20
v 9999
10
; b) 3
21
v 2
31
; c) 2
30
+ 3
30
+ 4
30
v
3.24
10
.
Chuyn 3:
Tnh cht ca dy t s bng nhau
Bi 1: Tm x, y bit:
a) x:2 = y:5 v x + y = 21; b)
n
b y
m
a x

v x + y = k. c) x:2 = y:7
v x+y = 18
Bi 2: a) Tm a, b, c nu
5 8 3
c b a
v 2a + 3b -c = 50.
b) Tm x, y, z nu
c
z
b
y
a
x
v x + y = k.
Bi 3: Ngi ta tr th lao cho c ba ngi th l 3280000. Ngi th nht
lm c 96 nng c, ngi th hai lm c 120 nng c, ngi th ba lm
c 112 nng c. Hi mi ngi nhn c bao nhiu tin? Bit rng s
tin c chia t l vi s nng c m mi ngi lm c.
Bi 4: Ba lp 7A, 7B, 7C trng c tt c 1020 cy. S cy lp 7B
trng c bng 8/9 s cy lp 7A trng c. Hi mi lp trng c bao
nhiu cy?
Bi 5: Tm x, y bit:
200 13 3
xy y x y x

Bi 6: Tm cc s x. y. z bit:
3 2
;
5 10
z y y x
v 2x 3y + 4z = 330.
Bi 7: Cc s a, b, c, d tho mn iu kin:
a
d
d
c
c
b
b
a
3 3 3 3
v a + b +
c + d 0. Chng minh rng a = b = c = d.
Bi 8: Tnh din tch ca hnh ch nht bit rng t s gia hai
cnh ca n bng 2/5 v chu vi bng 28m.
Bi 9: S vin bi ca ba bn Minh, Hng, dng t l vi cc s 2; 4; 5.
Tnh s vin bi ca mi bn, bit rng ba bn c tt c 44 vin bi.
Bi 10: a) Tm ba s x, y, z bit rng:
5 4
;
3 2
z y y x
v x + y - z =10.
b) Tm cc s a, b, c bit rng:
4 3 2
c b a
v a + 2b -3c = -20.
Bi 11: Chng minh rng nu a
2
= bc (vi a b, a c) th
a c
a c
b a
b a

+
Bi 12: S hc sinh bn khi 6, 7, 8, 9 t l vi cc s 9; 8; 7; 6. Bit
rng s hc sinh khi 9 t hn s hc sinh khi 7 l 70 hc sinh. Tnh
s hc sinh ca mi khi.
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Bi 13: Vn dng tnh cht dy t s bng nhau, tm x, y v z tho
mn:
a)

'

+ +

5
4 2 14
z y x
z y x
b)

'

+

95 3 2
6 2 3
2
z y x
z y x
Bi 14: Tm cc s a, b, c bit rng:
a)
4 5
;
3 2
c b b a
v a-b+c = -49. b)
4 3 2
c b a
v a
2
-

b
2
+ 2c
2
= 108
Bi 15: Tm x, y, z bit rng:
a)
7 5
;
4 3
z y y x
v 2x + 3y z = 186. b)
z y x z
y x
y
z x
x
z y
+ +

+ +

+ + 1 3 2 1
c)
21 6 10
z y x
v 5x+y-2z=28 d) 3x=2y; 7x=5z, x-y+z=32
e)
5 3
;
4 3
z y y x
v 2x -3 y + z =6. g)
5
4
4
3
3
2 z y x
v x+y+z=49.
h)
4
4
3
2
2
1

z y x
v 2x+3y-z=50. i)
5 3 2
z y x
v xyz = 810.
Bi 16: Tm x, bit rng:
x
y y y
6
6 1
24
4 1
18
2 1 +

+
Bi 17: Cho
d
c
c
b
b
a
. Chng minh rng:
d
a
d c b
c b a

,
_

+ +
+ +
3
Bi 18: V sao t s ca hai hn s dng
b
a
1
v
a
b
1
lun bng phn s
b
a
.
Bi 19: Cho ba t s bng nhau l:
b a
c
a c
b
c b
a
+ + +
; ; . Tm gi tr ca
mi t s .
(Xt a + b + c 0 v a + b + c = 0 ).
Bi 20: Nm lp 7a; 7b; 7c; 7d; 7e nhn chm sc vn trng c din
tch 300m
2
. Lp 7A nhn 15% din tch vn, lp 7B nhn 1/5 din tch
cn li. Din tch cn li ca vn sau khi hai lp trn nhn c em
chia cho ba lp 7c; 7d; 7e vi t l1/2; 1/4; 5/16. Tnh din tch vn
giao cho mi lp.
Bi 21: Ba cng nhn c thng 100000, s tin thng c phn
chia t l vi mc sn xut ca mi ngi. Bit mc sn xut ca ngi
th nht so vi mc sn xut ca ngi th hai bng 5:3; mc sn xut
ca ngi th ba bng 25% tng s mc sn xut ca hai ngi kia. Tnh
s tin mi ngi c thng.
Bi 22: Trong mt t lao ng, ba khi 7, 8, 9 chuyn c 912m
3
t. Trung bnh mi hc sinh khi 7, 8, 9 theo th t lm c 1,2m
3
,
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1,4m
3
, 1,6m
3
. S hc sinh khi 7 v khi 8 t l vi 1 v 3, s hc sinh
khi 8 v 9 t l vi 4 v 5. Tnh s hc sinh ca mi khi.
Bi 23: Ba t cng nhn c mc sn xut t l vi 5;4;3. T I tng
nng sut 10%, t II tng nng sut 20%, t III tng nng sut 10%. Do
trong cng mt thi gian, t I lm c nhiu hn t II l 7 sn
phm. Tnh s sn phm mi t lm c trong thi gian .
Bi 24: Tm ba s t nhin, bit BCNN ca chng bng 3150, t s
ca s th nht v s thu hai l 5:9, t s ca s th nht v th ba l
10:7.
Bi 25: Tm s t nhin c ba ch s, bit rng s l bi ca 72
v cc ch s ca n nu xo t nh n ln th t l vi 1;2;3.
Bi 26: di ba cnh ca mt tam gic t l vi 2;3;4. Ba chiu cao t-
ng ng vi ba cnh t l vi ba s no?
Bi 27: Ba chiu cao ca mt tam gic ABC c di bng 4, 12, x.
Bit rng x l mt s t nhin. Tm x (cho bit mi cnh ca tam gic
nh hn tng hai cnh kia v ln hn hiu ca chng).
Bi 28: Tm hai s khc 0 bit rng tng, hiu, tch ca chng t l
vi 5;1;12.
Chuyn 4 :
Mt s bi ton v i l ng t l
I. Kin Thc c bn:
1. i l ng t l thun
a. nh ngha
i lng y gi l t l thun vi i lng x nu y lin h vi x bi
cng thc y=a.x (a0);Hng s a gi l h s t l
b. Tnh cht
-T s hai gi tr tng ng ca hai i lng t l thun khng
i v bng h s t l :

1 2
1 2
............... ............
i
i
y y y
a
x x x

-T s hai gi tr bt k ca i lng ny bng t s hai gi tr t-
ng ng ca i lng kia
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n
m
n
m
y
y
x
x

2. i l ng t l nghch
a. nh ngha
i lng y gi l t l nghch vi i lng x nu y lin h vi x theo
cng thc y=
x
a
hoc xy=a, Trong a l mt hng s khc 0
b. Tnh cht
-Tch ca hai gi tr bt k ca i lng ny vi gi tr tng ng
ca i lng kia lun l mt hng s ,bng h s t l ;
x
1
y
1
=x
2
y
2
=..=x
i
y
i
=a
-T s hai gi tr bt k ca i lng ny th bng nghch o
ca t t s hai gi tr tng ng ca i lng kia
n
m
n
m
y
y
x
x

II. bi tp p dng:
Bi tp s 1
tnh x trong cc t l thc sau
a) ( 2x 1) : 1
3
1
1 :
15
13
1
7
3

b) x : 0,16 = 9 : x
c)
9
70
7
72

x x
Bi tp s 2
Tnh x,y bit rng
a> x/2=y/3 v x + y = 30
b> x : (-3) = y : 5 v x + y = 30
c>
3 2
y x
v xy = 54
Bi tp s 3 : Tm cc s x.y,z bit
a> 2x=3y =5z v x+y -z =95
b> x/3 = y/2 ; x/5 = z / 7 v x + y + z =184
c> x/2 = y/3 ; y/5 =z/7 v x+y+ z = 92
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d> z y x
4
3
3
2
2
1
v x -y = 15
Bi tp s 4
Mt phn s c gi tr khng i khi cng t vi 6 cng mu vi 9.
tm phn s
Bi tp s 5
S hc sinh lp 7a bng 14/15 s hc sinh lp 7b ,s hc sinh lp 7b bng
9/10 s hc sinh lp 7c ,bit rng tng ca hai ln s hc sinh lp 7a
cng vi 3 ln s hc sinh lp 7b th nhiu hn 4 ln s hc sinh lp 7c
l 19 em . Tm s hc sinh mi lp
Bi tp s 6
Chu vi mt hnh tam gic l 45mm . Tnh di mi cnh bit chng
t l vi 3;5;7
Bi tp s 7
Mt lp hc c 40 hc sinh ,s hc sinh nam v s hc sinh n ca lp t
l vi 3 v 5 .Tnh s hc sinh nam ,s hc sinh n ca lp
Bi tp s 8
A;Cho bit x v y t l vi 3 v 5 ; y v z t l vi 4 v 5 , v x + y + z
= 456 . Tm x,y ,z
B;Chia s 84 thnh 3 phn t l nghch vi cc s 3;5;6
Bi tp s 9
Mt bn tho cun sch gm 555 trang c giao cho 3 ngi nh my.
nh my 1 trang,ngi th nht cn 5 pht, ngi th hai cn 4 pht,
ngi th 3 cn 6 pht. Hi mi ngi nh my c bao nhiu trang bn
tho bit rng c 3 ngi cng lm t lc u n khi nh my xong .
Bi tp s 10
Mt ngi i t thnh ph A n thnh ph B mt 4 gi . Khi i t B
tr v A, ng ta tng vn tc ln thm 2km mi gi, nh vy ng ta i
t hn 48 pht . Tnh on ng AB

III. h ng dn gii
Bi s 1
p dng tnh cht t l thc ; nu
d
c
b
a
th ad = bc t tnh
c x
Kt qu cu a ; x= 1,5; cu b ; x=1,2 cu c; x=
8
1
71
Bi tp s 2
p dng tnh cht ca dy t s bng nhau ta tnh c
Cu a ; x= 12 ; y = 18
Cu b ; x = -45 ; y = 75
Cu c ; t x/2 = y/3 = k suy ra x= 2 k ; y = 3 k m xy = 54 nn 6k
2
=
54 suy ra k= 3 suy ra x= 6 ; y = 9
Bi tp s 3 : p dng tnh cht ca dy t s bng nhau
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Cu a; t 2x = 3y = 5z chia cc tch cho 30 l BCNN ca 2,3,5 ta c
6 10 15
z y x
kt hp vi iu kin x + y z = 95 ta tnh c x = 75; y
= 50; z = 30
Cu b ; T
2 3
y x
v
7 5
z x
chia c hai t s ca t l thc th nht
cho 5 v chia c hai t s ca t l thc th hai cho 3 ta c
21 10 15
z y x
kt hp vi iu kin
x +y +z =184 ta tnh c x = 60 ; y = 40 ; z = 84
cu c; cch lm tng t cu b
bi tp s 4
gi phn s cn tm l x/y theo bi ra ta c x/y = x+6/y+9 p dng
t/c t l thc ta c
x.(y + 9 ) = y.(x +6) suy ra 9x = 6y suy ra x/y = 6/9 hay x/y = 2/3
Bi tp s 5
Gi x, y, z theo th t l s hc sinh cc lp 7a,7b,7c ( k x,y,z l cc s
t nhin khc 0)
Ta c x/y = 14/15 v y/z = 9/10 ; 2x + 3y 4z = 19
T x/y = 14/15

x/14 = y/15
y/z = 9/10

y/9 = z/10 ta thy 15 v 9 c BCNN l 45 m 45:15 =


3 v 45 : 9 = 5 do c c dy t s bng nhau ta chia c hai t
s ca t l thc th nht cho 3 v chia c hai t s ca t l thc th
hai cho 5 ta c
50 45 42
z y x
p dng tnh cht dy t s bng nhau ta
c 1
19
19
200 135 84
4 3 2
50 45 42

+
+

z y x z y x
vy x = 42 ; y = 45 ; z = 50
Bi s 6 v 7 hc sinh t gii
Bi tp s 8
Bit x v y t l vi 3 v 5 ta suy ra x/3 = y/5 ; y v z t l vi 4 v 5
suy ra y/4 = z/5 vi cch lm tng t nh bi tp 5 ta rt ra dy t s
bng nhau
25 20 12
z y x
kt hp vi iu kin x +y + z = 456 ta tm
c x = 96; y = 160 ; z = 200
Bi tp s 9
Gi s trang ngi th nht, ngi th hai, ngi th 3nh my c theo
th t l x,y,z.Trong cng mt thi gian , s trang mi ngi nh my
c t l nghch vi thi gian cn thit nh my xong mt trang,
tc l s trang 3 ngi nh c t l nghch vi 5;4;6
Do x : y : z =
6
1
:
5
1
:
4
1
=12 : 15 : 10
Theo tnh cht dy t s bng nhau :
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15
37
555
10 15 12 10 15 12

+ +
+ +

z y x z y x
Suy ra x = 180; y = 225 ; z = 150
Bi tp s 10
Thi gian ng ta i t B v A l :
T
2
= 4 gi 48 pht = 3 gi 12 pht = 31/5 gi = 16/5 gi
Vn tc lc i l v(km/h) th lc v l (v + 2)km/h
Qung ng i khng i nn vn tc v thi gian l hai i lng t l
nghch vi nhau , ta c
V : v+2 = 16/5 : 4 t tnh c v = 8 km/h v on png AB l
32km

CHUYN 5:
BIU THC I S
I. Bi tp tnh gi tr ca biu thc:
Bi 1: Tnh gi tr ca biu thc: A = x
2
+ 4xy - 3y
3
vi |x| = 5; |y| = 1
Bi 2: Cho x - y = 9, tnh gi tr ca biu thc

x y 3
9 y 4
y x 3
9 x 4
B
+
+

( x -3y; y -3x)
Bi 3: Xc nh gi tr ca bin cc biu thc sau c ngha:
a/
2 x
1 x
2

+
; b/
1 x
1 x
2
+

; c/
y 3 xy
c by ax

+ +
Bi 4: Tnh gi tr ca biu thc
2 x
2 x 3 x 2
M
2
+
+
ti: a/ x = -1; b/ |x| = 3
II. A THC. CNG V TR A THC
Bi 1: Hy vit cc a thc di dng tng ca cc n thc ri thu gn.
a/ D = 4x(x+y) - 5y(x-y) - 4x
2
b/ E = (a -1) (x
2
+ 1) - x(y+1) + (x +y
2
- a + 1)
Bi 2: Cho cc a thc :
A = 16x
4
- 8x
3
y + 7x
2
y
2
- 9y
4
B = -15x
4
+ 3x
3
y - 5x
2
y
2
- 6y
4
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C = 5x
3
y + 3x
2
y
2
+ 17y
4
+ 1.Tnh A+B-C
Bi 3 : Cho a thc A = 2x
2
+ | 7x - 1| - (5 - x - 2x
2
)
a/ Thu gn A
b/ Tm x A = 2
Bi 4 : Tnh gi tr ca cc a thc sau bit x - y = 0
a/ M = 7x - 7y + 4ax - 4ay - 5
b/ N = x (x
2
+ y
2
) - y (x
2
+ y
2
) + 3
III. A THC MT BIN. CNG V TR A THC MT BIN
Bi 1: Chng minh rng nu a thc f(x) = ax
2
+ bx + c chia ht cho 3 vi mi x
th cc h s a, b, c u chia ht cho 3.
Bi 2: Cho f(x) + g(x) = 6x
4
- 3x
2
- 5
f(x) - g(x) = 4x
4
- 6x
3
+ 7x
2
+ 8x - 9
Hy tm cc a thc f(x) ; g(x)
Bi 3 : Tam thc bc hai l a thc c dng f(x) = ax + b vi a, b, c l hng,a 0.
Hy xc nh cc h s a, b bit f(1) = 2; f(3) = 8
IV. NGHIM CA A THC MT BIN
Bi 1: Cho hai a thc f(x) = 5x - 7 ; g(x) = 3x +1
a/ Tm nghim ca f(x); g(x)
b/ Tm nghim ca a thc h(x) = f(x) - g(x)
c/ T kt qu cu b suy ra vi gi tr no ca x th f(x) = g(x) ?
Bi 2: Cho a thc f(x) = x
2
+ 4x - 5
a/ S -5 c phi l nghim ca f(x) khng?
b/ Vit tp hp S tt c cc nghim ca f(x)
Bi 3: Thu gn ri tm nghim ca cc a thc sau:
a/ f(x) = x(1-2x) + (2x
2
-x + 4)
b/ g(x) = x (x - 5) - x ( x +2) + 7x
c/ h(x) = x (x -1) + 1
Bi 4: Xc nh h s m cc a thc sau nhn 1 lm nghim.
a/ mx
2
+ 2x + 8; b/ 7x
2
+ mx - 1; c/ x
5
- 3x
2
+ m
Bi 5: Cho a thc f(x) = x
2
+mx + 2
a/ Xc nh m f(x) nhn -2 lm mt nghim
b/ Tm tp hp cc nghim ca f(x) ng vi gi tr va tm c ca m
CHUYN 6:
TM GI TR CA BIN TRONG NG THC HOC BT NG THC CHA
DU GI TR TUYT I.
Bi 1: Tm x bit |x -1| = 2x - 5
Bi 2: Tm x bit : ||x +5| - 4| = 3
.
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.
Bi 3: Tm x bit:
a/ | 9 - 7x | = 5x -3; b/ 8x - |4x + 1| = x +2
Bi 4: Tm x bit:
a/ | 17x - 5| - | 17x + 5| = 0; b/ | 3x + 4| = 2 | 2x - 9|
Bi 5: Tm x bit:
a/ | 10x + 7| < 37 b/ | 3 - 8x| 19
Bi 6: Tm x bit : | x +3| - 2x = | x - 4|
CHUYN 7:
N TP
Bi 1: Tm a thc f(x) ri tm nghim ca f(x) bit rng:
x
3
+ 2x
2
(4y -1) - 4xy
2
- 9y
3
- f(x) = - 5x
3
+ 8x
2
y - 4xy
2
- 9y
3
Bi 2: Cho a thc P = 2x(x + y - 1) + y
2
+ 1
a/ Tnh gi tr ca P vi x = -5; y = 3
b/ Chng minh rng P lun lun nhn gi tr khng m vi mi x, y
Bi 3: Cho g(x) = 4x
2
+ 3x +1; h(x) = 3x
2
- 2x - 3
a/ Tnh f(x) = g(x) - h(x)
b/ Chng t rng -4 l nghim ca f(x)
c/ Tm tp hp nghim ca f(x)
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