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# Trng THCS Tn Thnh

GV: Vn Ph

CH S TN CNG

CA MT LY THA
I.

Mc tiu:
-

## Gip Hc Sinh n tp li nhng kin thc v ly tha vi s m t

nhin.Qua bit cch tm ra c ch s tn cng ca mt ly
tha vi nhng s t nhin c ch s tn cng t 0 n 9.

## Gip Hc Sinh rn luyn t duy, thao tc chnh xc, tnh cn thn

trong lm ton v lu tha.

II.

tha.

III.

## Trin khai chuyn :

A. n tp v b tc ly tha vi s m t nhin:
*

a1n 442
=a.a.a...a
44
3

( a 0, n N*)

( n tha s a)

ao = 1

## Ly tha ca mt ly tha: (am)n = am.n

Ly tha tng :

am

a (m

B. Tm ch s tn cng ca mt ly tha:
1.Ch s tn cng ca cc s t nhin c tn cng bng 0;1;5;6 khi nng
ln ly tha:
Cho HS tnh cc ly tha sau ( S dng my tnh)

11 =...1;11 = ...1;11
= ...1;...

Cc s t nhin c ch s tn
2
2
4
15 =...5;15 = ....5;15= ...5;...

2
3
4

## cng l 0;1;5;6 khi nng ln ly tha bt k( 0) th gi nguyn ch s

10 2 =...0;10 3= ...0;10=4 ...0;...
2

tn cng ca n.
V d: Tm ch s tn cng ca cc ly tha sau:
a) 156 7
c) 156 7

;
+ 1061 9

b)1061 9
d) 156 7 . 1061 9

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GV: Vn Ph

## Gio Vin hng dn Hc Sinh p dng tnh cht trn:

a) 156 7 c ch s tn cng l 6
b) 1061 9

c ch s tn cng l 1

+ 1061 9 l 7

## d) Theo kt qu cu a) v b) Ch s tn cng ca ly tha :156 7 .1061 9 l

6.
Cc bi tp tng t:
a) 7130 ;b) 26 35 ; c) 86 33

d) 71 30 + 26 35; e)231

56

;f) 425 6

75

g) 71 30 + 26 35 ; h ) 86 33 . 71 30 ; k) 231

56

+ 425 6

75

## 2.Ch s tn cng ca cc s t nhin c tn cng l 2; 4;8 khi nng ln ly

tha 4n (n # 0) u c ch s tn cng l 6
* Cho Hc Sinh tnh:
2 4 = 6 ;

2 8 = 6 ; 2 12 = 6

4 4 =6 ;

4 8 = 6 ;

412 = 6

8 4 = 6;

8 8 = 6;

8 12 = 6

## Cc s t nhin c ch s tn cng bng 2;4;8 khi nng ln ly

tha 4n ( n # 0) u c ch s tn cng l 6
* Tng t cho Hc Sinh tnh : ( Vn dng ch s tn cng ca mt tch)
34 =1 ;

38 = 1;

3 12 = 1

74 = 1;

78 = 1 ;

7 12 = 1

94 = 1 ;

9 8 = 1 ;

9 12 = 1

## Cc s t nhin c ch s tn cng l 3; 7; 9 nng ln ly tha 4n (n

# 0) c ch s tn cng l 1
* Ch :
-

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GV: Vn Ph

## + Nu nng ln ly tha l u c ch s tn cng l chnh n

+ Nu nng ln ly tha chn th c ch s tn cng l 6 v 1
-

## Mt s chnh phng th khng c ch s tn cng l 2; 3; 7; 8

Bi tp vn dng:
Bi 1: Tm ch s tn cng ca cc ly tha sau:
74 30 ; 49 31

;87 31 ; 58 33

; 23 35

67

234 5 ; 579

67

## Bi 3: Chng t rng cc tng sau chia ht cho 10

a) 51 n + 47 102 (n N)
b) 405 n + 2 405 + 17

37

(n N)

Bi 4 : Cho S = 1 + 31 + 3 2 + 3 3 + + 3 30
Tm ch s tn cng ca S.

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## Trng THCS Tn Thnh

GV: Vn Ph

KIM TA 15 PHT
Bi 1: Tm cc ch s tn cng ca cc ly tha sau:
67

a) 345 5

b) 789

c) 87 32

d) 87 32 + 789

41

41

## Bi 2 : Chng t rng tng sau khng chia ht cho 10

A = 405 n + 2

405

+m

( n,m N , n # 0)

Bi 3 : Tnh :
P = 2.2 2 . 2 3 . 2 10 .5 2 . 5 3 . 5 4. 5 55 10 c bao nhiu ch s 0?
P N:
Bi 1:

## a) S 345 c tn cng l 5, nng ln ly tha bt k( # 0)

c ch s tn cng l 5.

## c)C: 8732 = 87 4.8 =1

d) T kt qu cu b) v c) c ch s tn cng ca tng

87 32 + 789

41

= (1) +(9) = 0

Bi 2:

405 = 5

## m2 (s chnh phng )c ch s tn cng khc 3

Vy A c ch s tn cng khc 0

Bi 3:

## 2.22.23210 = 21+2+3++10 = 255

52.54.56514 = 52+4+6++14 = 556
A = 255 .556 = 255 .255. 5 = 1055 . 5
Vy A c ch s tn cng bng 55 ch s 0

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