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Grenfell, Hunt [Eds.]. The Oxyrhynchus papyri. 1898. Volume 14.

Grenfell, Hunt [Eds.]. The Oxyrhynchus papyri. 1898. Volume 14.

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The Oxyrhynchus papyri (1898)


Author: Grenfell, Bernard P. (Bernard Pyne), 1869-1926, ed; Hunt, Arthur S. (Arthur Surridge), 1871-1934, ed
Volumes: 1-15
Subject: Manuscripts, Greek (Papyri)
Publisher: London : Egypt Exploration Fund
Language: English; Ancient Greek
Call number: ocn495198102
Digitizing sponsor: Brigham Young University
Book contributor: Harold B. Lee Library
Collection: americana
The Oxyrhynchus papyri (1898)


Author: Grenfell, Bernard P. (Bernard Pyne), 1869-1926, ed; Hunt, Arthur S. (Arthur Surridge), 1871-1934, ed
Volumes: 1-15
Subject: Manuscripts, Greek (Papyri)
Publisher: London : Egypt Exploration Fund
Language: English; Ancient Greek
Call number: ocn495198102
Digitizing sponsor: Brigham Young University
Book contributor: Harold B. Lee Library
Collection: americana

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LIBRARY

righam Young University

Ace. No.
Cr.

1653

i^\

THE

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
PART XIV
GRENFELL AND HUNT

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EGYPT EXPLORATION SOCIETY

THE

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
PART XIV
EDITED WITH TRANSLATIONS AND NOTES
BY

BERNARD

P.

GRENFELL,
AND

D.Litt.

PROFESSOR OF PAPYROLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, AND FELLOW OF QUEEN's COLLEGE FELLOW OF THE BRITISH ACADEMY

ARTHUR

S.

HUNT,

D.Litt.

PROFESSOR OF PAPYROLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, AND FELLOW OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE FELLOW OF THE BRITISH ACADEMY

WITH THREE PLATES

-

9

196536
LONDON
SOLD AT

The Offices of the EGYPT EXPLORATION SOCIETY,
AND
503

Tremont Temple, Boston,
11

13 Tavistock Mass., U.S.A.

Square, W.C.

BERNARD QUARITCH,

Grafton Street, New Bond Street, W.

HUMPHREY MILFORD, Amen
KEGAN

Corner, E.C. 4, and 29 West 32ND Street, New York, U.S.A. C. F. CLAY, Fetter Lane, E.C. 4 PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., 68-74 Carter Lane, E.C. 4 GEORGE SALBY, 65 Great Russell Street, W.C. i

1920
All rights reserved

PRINTED IN ENGLAND AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

PREFACE
The
150 texts in the present volume are
Part XII.
for
all

non-literary documents,

like those in

They comprise

(a)

two

sections,

Contracts

and Private Accounts,
documents

which there was not space

in that
;

these papyri being chiefly from the excavations of 1904—6
official
;

volume {B) some
from the
b. c.

(f)

a

number of

private letters, nearly
is

all

excavations of 1897.
to the

Their range

from the second century

end of the fourth century, third-century papyri predominating.

Facsimiles are given of

some dated
b.

contracts belonging to the middle
is
still

decades of the

first

century

c, a period which

very sparsely

represented by papyri.
official

In the interpretation of the contracts and
to the generous

documents we are much indebted

and valuable

assistance of Prof

M. Rostowzew.
is

Part

XV, which

in active

preparation and will be somewhat

larger than the present volume, will include in the literary section

new

lyric

fragments and hexameters, and a papyrus giving a series of

biographies of Thucydides, Demosthenes, Aeschines, and others.

ments of Sophocles, Trachiniae,

,,

Republic, lsocra.tes,

and Theocritus
documents
in

(first

century) have been identified.

The

non-literary

,
Frag-

some

illustrate the fifth, sixth,
first

and seventh centuries, and include

a second instalment (the
the Cairo
I.

was

in Part I) of the

Oxyrhynchus papyri
In editing these

Museum from
is

the 1897 excavations.

Mr. H.

Bell

collaborating with us.

Mr.

J.

de M. Johnson's edition
is

of the long Theocritus papyrus from Antinoopolis

also in preparation.

BERNARD

P.
S.

ARTHUR
Queen's College, Oxford,

GRENFELL. HUNT.

November,

919.

:

:

.

CONTEN TS
PAGE

Preface
List of Plates
.

^
.
.

vu
viii

Table of Papyri Note on the Method of Publication and List of Abbreviations

.

.

.

xii

TEXTS
I.

Contracts (1626-49):
{a) Contracts with Officials
.

(1626-7)

I

() Leases (1628-32) (f) Sales and Cessions (1633-6)
{(/)

5
.

31

Divisions of Property (1637-8)
.

Loans (1639-41) (/) Appointments of Representatives (1642-3) (g) Settlements of Claims and Receipts (1644-6)
{e)

45 56

6
72

()
(/)

Apprenticeship (1647)

.

78

Abstracts of Contracts (1648-9)

II.

Private Accounts (1650-8)
{a)

Accounts of Transport (1650-2)
Lists

90
95 102
104
115
117

{) Miscellaneous Accounts (1653-6)

{
in.
IV.
V.

(1657-8)
.

Taxing-accounts (1659-60) Official Correspondence (1661-2)
Private Correspondence (1663-84)

VI.

Minor Documents (1685-1777)
(i) Leases

(1685-95)

.

147

(2) Sales and Cessions
(3)

(1696-1709)

152
161

Loans and Deposits (1710-14)

(4) Receipts (1715-20) (5) Miscellaneous Contracts (1721-3)

163 165
167

(6) Abstracts of Contracts (1724-5)
(7) Private

Accounts (1726-40)

(8) Lists (1741-2)

...

.

168

174
174 179 180

and Official Accounts (1743-50) (10) Orders for Payment (1751-4) (11) Private Correspondence (1755-77)
(9) Taxation

.

.

TABLE OF PAPYRI
(Ail asterisk denotes texts not printed in full)

1626.
1627.
1628.

Payment

for

Superintendence of Transport
to a Liturgy
.

Appointment

Lease of Catoecic Land (Plate

i)
.

1629.

1630
1631.

Lease of Catoecic Land (Plate i) Lease of Land at an increased Rent
Fruit-garden

.

Contract for Labour in a Vineyard and Lei

...

1632.
1633.

Lease of a Palm-grove

Bid

for

Purchase of Land from the State

1634.

Sale of

Mortgaged House-property

.

.

1635.
1636.
1637.

Cession of Catoecic
Cession of
Division of

Land
.

(Plate
.

ii)

Land Landed Property
.

1638.

Division of an Inheritance

1639.

1640.
1641.

1642. 1643.

Payment in Advance for Wheat (Plate Loan of Wheat Loan with Right of Habitation Appointment of a Representative and Appointment of a Representative
.

iii)

Instruction

1644.

Settlement of Claims (Plate

ii)

1645.
1646.
1647.

Receipt for Personal Effects
Receipts for Rent

Apprenticeship to a Weaver
Abstracts of Contracts, &c.
Abstracts of Contracts
{a). Accounts of Freight Account of Freight Accounts of Transport
.
.

1648.

1649.
1651.

1650. 1650
1652. 1653.

to

Memphis

Account of a Steward

1654.
1655.

1656.

Account of Notarial Expenses Baker's Account Account of Food

TABLE OF PAPYRI
DATE
1657.
List of Utensils List of Articles

IX

1658. 1659. 1660.
1661.

Account of Crown-tax Account of Taxes in Kind
Letter to a Dioecetes

1662.
1663.

Letter of

Appointment of a Deputy-prytanis Recommendation
Letter to a Gymnasiarch
.

.

1664.
1665.

Letter of a Gymnasiarch
Letter of Dorion to Apion Letter of

.

1666.

Letter of Pausanias concerning a Recruit

1667.
1668.

Charmus

to

Sopatrus

.

1669. 1670.
1671.

Letter of Horion to Serenus
Letter of Palex to Chinthonis
Letter of Dionysius to Zoilus Letter to Pausanias from his two Sons
.

1672.

1673.

Letter of
Letter of

1674.
1675. 1676.
1677.

Hermes to Sarapiacus Theon to his Son Apollonius

Letter to Ischyrion

....
. .

1678. 1679.

Letter of Flavius Herculanus to Aplonarion Letter of Agathus to Aphrodite Letter of Theon to his Mother

Letter of Apia to Serapias Letter to Apollo from his Letter of

1680.
1681.

Son

.

Ammonius

to Julius

and Hilarus

1682.
1683.

Letter of HeracUdes to Antiochia

Letter of Probus to Manatine
Letter of Horion to Timotheus

.

1684.
1685. 1686. 1687.

Lease of Land
Lease of Land

Lease of Land Lease of Land
Lease of Land
Lease of Land

.... .... ....
.
.

1688.
1689.
*1690.
1691.

.

.

.

...

.

Lease of Land

....
.
.

1692. 1693.

Contract for Labour in a Vineyard

1694.
1695. 1696.

Lease of a Courtyard Lease of House-property

Lease of House-property Sale of a Courtyard
.

.

TABLE OF PAPYRI
DATE
1697.
Sale of a Courtyard
.

PAGE
[52

242

1698.

Sale of House-property

268

?

.

53

1699.

Sale of House-property
Sale of

240-280
Late 3rd cent
3rd cent.

55
t55

1700.
1701.

Land and House-property

Sale of Mortgaged House-property
Sale of Building-land

56
[57

1702.
1703. 1704.

290
3rd cent.

Cession of House-property
Cession of Buildings and
Sale of a

57
[58

Land

298

1705.

Loom
.

298
207
.

.

'59
'59

1706.
1707.

Sale of Slaves Sale of an Ass Sale of an Ass
.

204
311

[60

1708. 1709.
*1710.
1711.

too
[61

1712.
1713.

Fragment of a Sale Loan of Money Loan of Money Loan of Money
Deposit of
Deposit

224
148
.

[61
[61

Late 3rd cent.

1714.
1715.

Money of Money

394 279
292

[62 [62

.

285-304.?

'63

1716.
1717.

Repayment of a Loan Repayment of a Loan Receipt for Wages of Nursing
Receipts for Official Payments

63

333 258

63
[64 [64 [65
'65 [65

.

1718.

1719.

Receipt for Rent

292-304 204
4th cent.

1720.
1721.

Payment

in

Advance (.?)

for

Wine

1722. 1723.

Contract concerning an Inheritance Contract with a Princeps
.

187

.

Late 3rd or 4th cent.
B.C.

:66 [66
.67

Protocol of a Contract

114— 108

1724. 1725.
1726.

Abstracts of Contracts Abstracts of Contracts

Early 3rd cent.
After 229
.

(67

Account of Contracts
Shopkeeper's
(?)

Early 3rd cent.
.

68
[68
169

1727.

Account

Late 2nd or 3rd cent.
3rd cent.
4th cent.

1728.
1731.

Account of Receipts and Expenses 1729- 30. Accounts of Expenses
.

[69

Baker's Account

3rd cent.

:7
:7o

1732.
1733.

1734.

Farming Account Farming Account Account of Provender
Account of a Vintage Account of Oil (?)
Weaver's Account

Late 2nd cent.

Late 3rd cent.

71
[71

Late 2nd or 3rd cent.
4lh cent.

1735.
1736.
1737.

71
71
cent.
.

3rd cent.

2nd or 3rd

[72

TABLE OF PAPYRI
DATE
1738.

XI

PAGE

1739.

1740.
1741.

Account of Timber Account of Colours Account of Implements, &c.
.

3rd cent.

.

2nd or

early 3rd cent.

Late 3rd or 4th cent.
Early 4th cent.
4th cent.

List of Clothes
List of Articles

.

1742.
1743.

.

Land-survey
Land-survey

list
list

221-2

.

1744.
1745.

287-8?
Early 3rd cent.
4th cent.

List of Land-holders

1746.
1747.

Account of Seed-corn
List of Persons Requisitioned

Late 3rd or 4th cent.
3rd cent.
4th cent.

1748.

1749.
1750.
1751.

Account of Donkey-drivers Account of Transport
Receipt for Transport-charges

306

Order Order

for
for
for

1752.

1753.

Order
Order

1754.
1755. 1756. 1757.

for

Payment of Wine Payment of Wine Payment of Money Payment of Pitch
.

347 378

.

390

.

Late 4th or 5th cent.

Invitation to Dinner

2nd or early 3rd
ist cent.

cent.

Letter of Sarapion to his Father

Letter of Horeis to Horion

2nd 2nd
2nd

cent.

1758. 1759.
1760.
1761.

Letter of Diogenis to

Didymas

cent.
cent.
cent.

Letter of Demetrius to an Athlete

Business Letter

.

2nd

Letter of Callirhoe to Sarapias
Letter of Chaereas to his Father
Letter of Sopatrus to his Sister

Late 2nd or 3rd cent.

1762.
1763.

2nd or 3rd
After 222

cent.

.

1764.
1765.

Letter to Pindarus
Letter of

3rd cent.
to

Kousenna
Hermione

Apammon

3rd cent.
3rd cent.
3rd cent. 3rd cent.

1766. 1767.

Letter to Horion

Letter to

1768.
1769.

Letter of Heraclius to his Children
Letter of

Ammonas

to his Sister
.

3rd cent.
Late 3rd cent.

1770.
1771.

Letter of a Son to his Mother
Letter of Serenus to a Tenant
Letter of Dionysius to Sarapion

.

Late 3rd or 4th cent.
Late 3rd cent.
3rd cent.

1772.
1773. 1774. 1775.
1776. 1777.

.

Letter of Eutycheis to Ametrion
Christian Letter

Early 4th cent.
4th cent.

Letter of Plutarchus to Theoninus Letter of Paulus to Demetrius
Letter of
.

Late 4 th cent.
Late 4th cent.

Choous

to

Tyrannus

.

NOTE ON THE METHOD OF PUBLICATION AND
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
The
in

general

method followed
texts,

in this

volume

is

practically the

same

as that

being non-literary, are given in modern form with accentuation and punctuation. Abbreviations and symbols are resolved additions and corrections are usually incorporated in the text, the former being indicated
Part XII.
;

The

by \ and the occurrence of the latter being recorded in the critical apparatus, where also faults of orthography, &c., are corrected, if they seemed likely to give Where additions or corrections are distinguished by types rise to any difficulty. differing from that of the main text, those by the same hand as the body of the text are in small thin type, those by a different hand in thick type. Iota adscript has been printed when so written otherwise iota subscript is employed.
^
;

Square brackets [ ] indicate a lacuna, round brackets ( ) the resolution of a symbol or abbreviation, angular brackets ( ) a mistaken omission in the original, braces { } a superfluous letter or letters, double square brackets [[ ]] a deletion Dots placed within brackets represent the approximate number in the original.
of letters lost or deleted
illegible letters.
;

dots outside brackets indicate mutilated or otherwise

Letters with dots under

them

are to be considered doubtful.

Heavy

Arabic numerals refer to the texts of the
;

Oxyrhynchus Papyri
lines,

in this

volume and Parts I-XIII
to columns.

ordinary numerals refer to

small

Roman numerals

The abbreviations used in citing papyrological publications are practically those adopted in the Archiv fiir Papyriisforschiing, viz.
:

Archiv — Archiv fiir apyrusforschwig. B. G. U. = Aeg. Urkunden aus den k. Museen zu Berlin, griechische Urkunden. C. P. Herm. = Corpus Papyrorum Hermopolitanorum, Vol. I, by C. Wessely. C. P. R. = Corpus Papyrorum Raineri, Vol. I, by C. Wessely. GriecJi. Texte = Griechische Texte aus Aegypten, by P. M. Meyer.

M. Chr.
O.
P.

= L. Mitteis, Chrestomathie. = Orientis Graeci Inscriptiones selectae, by W. Dittenberger. G.'I. Amh. = The Amherst Papyri, Vols. I-II, by B. P. Grenfell and A.

S.

Hunt.

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
P. Basel

xiii

=

Papyrusurkunden der offentlichen Bibliothek der Univ. zu Basel, by

E. Rabel.
P. Brit.

Mus.

=

Greek Papyri
I.

in the British

Museum,

Vols. I-V,

by

Sir F. G.

Kenyon and H.
P.

Bell.

Cairo

=

Papyri,
P. Cairo

Catalogue des Antiquites egyptiennes du Musee du Caire, Greek by B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt.

Masp. = Catal. des Antiq. egypt. du Mus. du Caire, Papyrus grecs d'epoque byzantine, Vols. I-III, by J. Maspero. P. Cairo Preisigke = Griechische Urkunden des Aeg. Museums zu Cairo, by
F. Preisigke.
P.

Fay.

= Fayum Towns =
Papiri

and

their Papyri,

by

B. P. Grenfell,

A.

S.

Hunt, and
II

D. G. Hogarth.
P.

Flor.

Fiorentini,

Vols.

I

and

HI by

G.

Vitelli

;

Vol.

by

D. Comparetti.
P. Freiburg
P.

Gen.

=

= Mitteilungen aus der Freiburger Papyrussammlung, II, by J. Partsch.
I,

Les Papyrus de Geneve, Vol.

by

J.

Nicole.
I,

P. Giessen

=
P.

Griechische Papyri zu Giessen, Vol.

by E. Kornemann, O. Eger,
&c.,

and
P. Goodsp.

=

M. Meyer. Greek Papyri from the Cairo Museum,

by E.

P. Gradenwitz P. Grenf.
P. Halle P.

=

J.

Goodspeed.
S.

Griech. Papyri der

Sammlung Gradenwitz, by

G. Plaumann.

= Greek Papyri, Series I and II, by B. P. Grenfell = Dikaiomata, &c., by the Graeca Halensis. Hamb. = Griech. Papyrusurkunden der Hamburgischen
P.
I,

and A.

Hunt.

Stadtbibliothek,

by

P.

M. Meyer. Hibeh = The Hibeh Papyri, Part

by

B. P. Grenfell

and A.

S.

Hunt.

P. land.
P.

= Papyri landanae, by Leipz. = Griech. Urkunden
L. Mitteis.

E. Schafer and others.

der Papyrussammlung zu Leipzig, Vol.

I,

by

= Papyri Graeci Musei antiquarii publici Lugduni-Batavi, by C. Leemanns. P. Lille = Papyrus grecs de Lille, by P. Jouguet, J. Lesquier, and others. P. Munich := Veroffentlichungen aus der Papyrussammlung zu Mtinchen, Part I, by A. Heisenberg and L. Wenger. P. Oxy. = The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Parts I-XIII, by B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt. P. Par. = Les Papyrus grecs du Musee du Louvre, Notices et Exiraiis, t. xviii. 2, by W. Brunet de Presle and E. Egger. P. Petrie = The Flinders Petrie Papyri, Part HI, by J. P. Mahaffy and J. G. Smyly. P. Reinach = Papyrus grecs et demotiques, by T. Reinach and others.
P.

Leyden

xiv
P. Rev.

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
*

Laws

= The

Revenue Laws of Ptolemy Philadelphus, by B.
S.

P. Grenfell.
II,

P. Ryl.

=
=

Catalogue of the Greek Papyri in the Rylands Library, Vol.

by

J.

de M. Johnson, V. Martin, and A.

Hunt.

P. S.

I.

Papiri della Societa Italiana, Vols. I-V,

by G.

Vitelli

and

others.
I,

P. Strassb.

=

Griech. Papyrus der k. Universitatsbibliothek zu Strassburg, Vol.

by
and
P. Taur.
P. Tebt.
J.

F. Preisigke.

P. Stud. Pal.

=

Studien zur Palaeographie und Papyruskunde, by C. Wessely

others.

= Papyri Graeci regii Taurinensis Musei, by A. Peyron. = The Tebtunis Papyri, Parts and II by B. P. Grenfell,
I

A.

S.

Hunt,

G. Smyly, and E.

P. Jouguet. Thead. = = Studi della scuola papirologica di Milano. S. A. M. SB. = Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden aus Aegypten, by F. Preisigke. W. Chr. = U. Wilcken, Chrestomathie. Wilcken, Ost. = Griechische Ostraka, by U. Wilcken.

P.

J. Goodspeed Papyrus de Theadelphie, by

;

Part III in preparation.

I.

CONTRACTS

(a)

Contracts with Officials.

1626.

Payment for Superintendence of Transport.
26-7

X

15 cm.

A. D.

325.

agreement between the decani, i. e. chief guards of some kind (1. 3, n.), (1. 3, n.), and an epimeletes, for him to act as pafihovyo's n.) in charge of animals sent to Babylon in connexion with an anticipated (1. 9, For the payment of the salary of the visit of an Emperor {Qda of the vilepimeletes, which was at the rate of 2,000 drachmae a day, the The in advance. lage (1. 5, n.) becomes surety, two months' pay being provided acknowpapyrus stands in close relation to 1261, written 4^ months earlier, an
of the village of Paneuei

An

).

ledgement on oath by an epimeletes, who is probably identical with the epimeletes in 1626, concerning produce transported to Babylon partly on account of the which in the light of 1626 is to be troops, partly on account of an That referred to an emperor, not, as suggested in 1261. 5, n., to a catholicus.
of Nicaea,

,

Constantine himself actually came to Egypt in 325, the year of the Council is not recorded by the authorities for the period, and is improbable,

but his presence
unlikely.

may

well have been expected.

That

fleta

refers

not to
337,

Constantine himself but to one of his sons,
is

who

did not

become Augusti

till

1626

is

a palimpsest, the original document, which

been effaced.

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..

e

Aurelius Alois son of Choous and Aur. Heracles son of Pudens and their associates, decani from the village of Paneuei, with their surety for payment of the pay found to have accrued, Ptolemaeus son of Ptolemaeus, headman of the said village, and Aur. Heraclides son of Scylacius, superintendent of animals which are being sent to Babylon for the Imperial visit, jointly agree, the decani that they have contracted with the superintendent of the said animals from the 8th of the present for him to fill the single post of month of Pauni, the superintendent receiving from the decaiii as pay 2,000 drachmae a day. And the superintendent forthwith acknowledges that he has received from the decani as two months' pay dating from the said 8th day 20 talents of silver, and shall receive from the said decani the sums found to have accrued up to the termination of his duties as superintendent, and that I, Ptolemaeus, am to provide the salary found to have accrued, in order to make the deca^ii free from any trouble, annoyance, or loss in all matters pertaining This contract, written in duplicate, is valid, and in answer to to the said office of the formal quesdon they gave their consent. In the consulship of Paulinus and Julianus
all

^^^

.

1626.

PAYMENT FOR SUPERINTENDENCE OF TRANSPORT
i.'

3
by

the most illustrious, Pauni the last-named.

/, 8(
3.

(Ptolemaic), where the evidence for deKavoi and 1512, which shows that there were at least 9 8eKaviat at another Oxyrhynchite village, though apparently these were distributed among only three persons. Here the decani seem to have numbered at least 4, and to be was required ; cf. 1. 9, n. concerned with land-transport rather than boats, since a navivd: a village in the Western toparchy (1285. 74), and perhaps in the 3rd pagus (1559. 9). which is this is the earliest example of the use of 5. common in the sixth to eighth centuries, to denote a particular village-official as distinct from a 'higher' official in general (e.g. in P. Brit. Mus. 214. 22 and 900. 19); cf. Wilcken, Ckr. 134. int. he is probably identical with Avp. 5-6.
:

,,
of.

Signatures of the two decani dLua Ptolemaeus,

all

written

P. Ryl. 196. 6-9,
&c.,
is

n.,

;/

collected,

in 1261.
8.

Grundz. 33.
9.

receipt for a payment on account of an ass and G. U. 244 (reign of Gallienus), the beginning of a Leipzig eis sworn declaration of surety for a person [. . ., and P. of the return of an ass 85-6 (372-3), two acknowledgements by comarchs to a in the present case are likely to have been mainly asses, employed at the mines. The is used by Georgius Cedrenus but may have included camels, horses, and oxen, (Migne, G. cxxi! 336) to translate decani in the sense of court-officials of low rank. in P. Flor. this confirms Oertel's reading {Die Liiurgie 87^) 19.
cf.

:
4-5
;


(i.

:

,

e.

()()) o\(eo)
1261. 7 and
official
int.,

(^

.

.

.

cf. int.
:

cf.

and

for

( ('
:

.[..]..

(poSSibly

[]')

of high officials Wilcken,

1750, an

sent to

Memphis

in 306, B.

[€€'\

.

W. Chr. 405). 39. 9 ( 23. In 1261, written

=

:

[][

on Tubi 18 (Jan.

13), the

names of

the consuls were not yet

known.

1627.

Appointment to a Liturgy.
23-3

X

•7

cm.

. D.

342.

This papyrus throws an interesting light on the method of appointment Usually persons were appointed, whether by the senate or but in the present case a citizen of by an official, to some definite liturgy Oxyrhynchus and his son had been selected to perform an unspecified liturgy for
to public duties.
;

eight months, and they
(1.

make a
I3, n.),

contract with the

^,
it

the
i.

official in

question

5, n.),

whereby

in return for receiving a very light duty,

e.

that of guarding

the temple of Thoeris

body of the contract seems to have been drawn up by the agent of a professional writer of contracts, who appends his signature (1. 39, n.).

'?

9^ ^
2

(1.

they agree to perform

for a

whole year.

The

.

4

5

) ?
9

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

€€
ku

e^Tjy

^popos

/ ?,
ei

.?
e/y

7{) ^/ ^ ^^

15

? >

eh
irepi

?

^, ,
Si

kv
Trj

ela-

Upov

?

kndvayKi?

eviavaiov

2 €
2nd hand

[]?
[€]

25

[\ €]7]€?

, .? ? .
^, 9
Tois
.

? .?
eep(es)

, ?

['\9
[.
. .

'^
,
1.

3rd

(?)

hand

[]. ]
[

.]

5'iepov.

1•

AioyeVei,

20.
'

..
8.

?
€.

(?]
(^).
1 4.
1.

eiaay'yetXat.

.

.

.

1

8.

In the consulship of our lords Constantius for the 3rd time and Constans for the Augusti, Mesore 19. Aurelius Apphous son of Pathermouthius, of the illustrious and most illustrious city of Oxyrhynchus, to Aur. Diogenes son of Sarapion, delegate of appointments in the said city for the tribe now undertaking public duties, greeting. Whereas in the coming year an eight months' period of public duty is selected for me and my son Thonius, and we requested you to assign to us a very light duty, that is to say, the guarding of the temple of Thoeris, you owing to your clemency to us and confidence in us agreed to this proposal, and we for our part acknowledge ourselves bound as an equal

2nd

time, the

1627.

APPOINTMENT TO A LITURGY

5

recompence and favour to carry out a whole year's service in the post of chief-guard of the And for your security I have issued to you said temple of Thoeris in place of 8 months. this contract, which shall be valid, and in answer to the formal question have given my consent.' Signatures of Aur. Apphous and Diogenes, the writer of the contract.

perhaps identical with the with appointments to liturgies

known from fourth-century Oxyrhynchus papyri, being For his functions in connexion of the third century. W. Chr. 405), and cf. 86, 1116, 1509, P. Flor. 39 ( Oertel, Litiirgie 176. 1551 is a notice of death addressed to him, in which he is called In 1627 and in 1116 of the whercas in 86 he is precedes follows as a secondary genitive, while in P. Flor. 39. 3 t^s
5.
:

]
rfjs
.

this official is

only

,

.

.

,

.,

being Omitted before the
:

first

,

as

is

shown by
for
office
;

. 8. »
.
. .

=

9.

there

is

Shorter periods for liturgies are, however, also attested, e.g. in P. Thead. 34-6 (324-7 ; cf. Oertel, op. cit. 87), where payments occur for 3 or 2 months' work by epyarat for whom the village was responsible, though it is possible that these
Oertel, op.

reason to cit. 266.

were for a year, and believe that a year was the normal period of
liturgies

many

1116. 5. in particular
11.

cf.

16-17 and

payments represent instalments of a longer period of work.

43 verso, iv. not an adjective. is in apposition to soon after 295 there were 7 guards in this temple besides i outside it {npas); the corresponding figures at the Serapeum (ii. 5-13) were 6 and i, while the Iseum A priest of Thoeris in 339 is mentioned (ii. 14-17) was smaller, requiring only i and i. in P. S. 1. 215. 6. This hippopotamus-goddess was identified at Oxyrhynchus with Athena
12.

Upov

14-23 shows

that

:
:

,
'

cf.

1117.

I, n.

13-14.

{)
his son, in
is

may

refer not, as in the translation, to the

Apphous and

which case the words mean
instead of

may

be connected with would be expected.
18.

.
. . .

but to our good conduct and honesty and rather than ue/jl But then
'

,^
;

are known in the first to third centuries (cf Oertel, op. cit. appropriate enough here in view of the number of guards at the for Thoereum (1. 12, n.) ; but the reading of the first four letters is insecure, especially (cf. napawhich there is barely room, and possibly the t was omitted. Neither are Satisfactory. nor evos in 904. 4) nor cf. P. Thead. 10. 22 (307), 1716. 29. For other early instances of

268),

and the word

'

.

30 (333), and P. Leipz. 13. 25 (366). not identical with the of 1. 5.

Diogenes is presumably a private is here in That the subscription but the words need not mean more a difi'erent hand from the main text is not certain ever meant eingeiragen, i.e. 'entered on an than 'written in my office'. That official list as suggested by Gardthausen in Stud. Pal. xvii. 7, is most unlikely.

'

.

.

.

,
,
Plate
I.
;

;

',

{b)

Leases.

1628.

Lease of Catoecic Land.
i5'3X 14 cm.
B.C. 73.

makes several additions (1628 9, 1635, 1644 cf. 1639) number of documents dated in the last two reigns of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which have been represented hitherto, so far as Oxyrhynchus is con-

The

present volume

to the scanty

6
cerned,

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
by 236 (fragments

contract concerning
(1.

Both to a Persian of the epigone for one year. from a at Oxyrhynchus (1. 8, .), parties belonged to the which is mentioned in other papyri of this period. The formula is in general similar to that of P. Tebt. 106 (B.C. loi), 277 (B.C. 19), and 1124 (a. D. 26), but presents some peculiarities; cf. 11. 11, 13-14, 16, 21-3, nn. Probably the
9, n.)

5 € ? ?}?
of protocols) and P. S.
I.

549 (translation of a demotic
at

service).

1628

is

a lease of part of a

Sepho

earliest

extant instance of
missing.

with permanent names occurs
(cf.

in it

(1.

10, n.).

The

end of the lease with the signatures of the six witnesses
is

P. Tebt. 106
late

and

1644)

The day

of the

month

has, as

is

usual in

Ptolemaic

by a second hand, which has made a few other alterations in the text. The papyrus had been glued to another 1629 is another lease of catoecic contract of which a few letters are preserved. land with practically the same formula, written 29 years later but less complete.
contracts from Oxyrhynchus, been inserted

[]€6'

€[
[']
5

.
[]
['

\^!'][]

•[][\ []8
?
u

^ .[
[.
.
.

\

[, 6[] [
'^ro^i/^^

,

[\
'
'

15

2

] [] . , [] [] , [] [ ] . [ ] '] '
[]
^^^

[], []
],

[][][ []

[] [,

[
[]-

[€7

[, [6

]

[€
1628.

LEASE OF CATOECIC LAND

[9

yfjs,

ecoy

^]
€][/,

]
[

8e

On
'

the verso

(2nd hand) (eVous

?)

^/0(?)

In the reign of Ptolemy and Cleopatra also called Tryphaena, gods Philopatores 9th year, and the rest of the formula as written at Alexandria, the 15th of the month Apellaeus which Phaophi, at Oxyrhynchus in the Thebaid. Sarapion son of Apollonius, Macedonian of the catoecic cavalry, has leased to Apollonius also called Pan son of Ischyrion also called Nechthenibis, Persian of the epigone, both pardes being from the street of Cleopatra Aphrodite, from his holding the 15 arourae owned by him near Sepho for the 9th year, on condition that the lessee may sow the 3 arourae in the holding of Diodes with wheat, and of the 1 2 arourae in the holding of Philon half with barley and the other half with lentils, at a rent of 4 artabae for each aroura in accordance with the survey of the land assigned for sowing with corn. And Apollonius acknowledges that he has received from Sarapion for seed and the other expenses of sowing without interest 7-| artabae of barley and 7^ art. of lentils, and for clearing the land from rushes 1,500 drachmae of copper, which are not repayable, all free from risk and not subject to any kind of risk. And with regard to the rent, if apart from taxes any demand is made upon Apollonius for the government or for any other purpose whatever on account of Sarapion or the land, the amount shall be deducted from the rent .' and Sarapion shall retain the ownership of the crops until he receives the rent and
Philadelphi, the

=

.

.

.

.

.

3. Cf.
5.

([8
;

236.

3, n.
:

the letters are broken, but the

in

1644. 5 are IMacedonians,
nationalities
les

and

in the later Ptolemaic period

Macedonians and Persians outnumber other
:

among
8. eV ayvia

cleruchs

cf.

1635. 3 and Lesquier, Institutions militaires sous
""

no names of ayvia'i at occurs commonly in the protocol of Oxyrhynchite contracts of the earlier Roman period, e.g. 261. 8. In E.G. U. 1084. 22 (=:W. Chr. 146 ; a. d. 149) an Alexandrian citizen and his wife are stated to be ayuiay and in P. Tebt. iii. 883 (c. b. c 200) two members of a list of (apparently) Alexandrian citizens belong to the In Petrie iii. 4 (i). 9 (a fragment of a will; b. c. 238-7) eV . is a not unlikely restoration, and though the situation of it is obscure owing to the loss of the context (the preceding word is and there is a long gap between this and in 1. 8), the in question is more likely to have been at Crocodilopolis-Arsinoe than at Alexandria. The ayvia which may have been named afier a temple (cf. W. Chr. 146. 22, n.), was no doubt at Oxyrhynchus cf. 1629. 7, 1644. 8. The goddess must have been Tryphaena or one of her predecessors, not Cleopatra VI, a village in the Thmoisepho toparchy cf. 1659. 91 and 1. 10, n. 9. apovpas ScKanevre : in the later Ptolemaic period the of tended to be much smaller than the 100 arourae which they usually owned in the third century b.c. The in 1629 was a 1 5 arourae ma}' well have been (11. 7—8), and of Sarapion. ^ the

^>\^'}

Lagides 303 sqq. Oxyrhynchus were kno\vn, but

.

'"^
^]

,

,

[5
.
.

8,
and the

;

:

;

10. eV

instances of catoecic

,:

this

owners; cf. 483. 5, n., Wilcken {Grundz. 303*) had supposed

with permanent names (without and P. Tebt. io8. 3 (a. c. 93 or 60)
that the

^

permanent names were

)() {).
in
1.

II

seem

to be the earliest derived from previous

fixed in the time

a

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

in 1. 8, but of Augustus. That 1628 is not a sub-lease is clear not only from from its general resemblance to 277 and other Ptolemaic leases of (1629, P. Tebt. io6 and 8i6), as distinct from sub-leases (P. Tebt. 105 and 820), in which the secondary Moreover the in 1. 11 may well character of the lease is definitely stated. in 277. 3, since (277. 3; cf. 1285. 122) was be identical with the in the same toparchy as Sepho (1. 9, n.), and the question of a sub-lease does not arise in here is to be connected with the connexion with 277. That the Kin at Pcla mentioned in 506. 24 is unlikely, for Pela was in the

\

Western toparchy (1285.
II.
:

(P. S.I. 320. 10) probably has

? [] : ,
cf. cf.
1.

()|?

'?

8i).

1629.

9.

The word

11.

The
no connexion.
:

apparently new. near Kerkemounis in the Upper toparchy
is

13-14.

:([1]\

[]

this

phrase

is

new.

On the fixing of the crops

by the government cf. Wilcken, Osi. i. 200, P. Tebt. 5. 202, n., Rostowzew in PaulyWissowa, Realenc. vii. 134 sqq. Owing to a break in the papyrus and the unevenness of the writing at the ends of lines it is doubtful whether the vestige supposed to belong to the of \\ in 1, 12 belongs to that line or to 1. 13. In the latter case f[t]f is inadmissible, and for there is not room, unless the Avriting was very cramped, though

^ ]|
1.

occurs in
16.

16.

paid by the lessor (probably) cf. P. Tebt. 108. 4 (b.c. 93 or 60). in P. Brit. Mus. 144. 15 word, which is new in this context and in p. S. I. 452. 9 are not parallel), evidently corresponds to {sc. in 1474. 14 (a loan of corn in a. d. 216), a phrase contrasted with the customary difterence of the cf P. Strassb. 71. 8 (cf. 1040. int.) or {' (1640. 7 and 1474. 18, n.) in repayment of a loan of seed-corn. Where there was no the lessee simply repaid the loan with the rent. For another Ptolemaic instance of the word practically in the sense of interest' cf P. Par. 63. iv. 108-9 In later times is used as a mere synonym for tokos ; cf. 1040. 10, n., 1130. II. could be read, but there is not room before it for 19, (cf. e.g. P. Tebt. IO4. II). [;)^ 21-3. Cf. 277. 8-10, 1124. 3-5, P. Tebt. 105. 48. The addition of is new. This implies that the taxes were paid by the tenant. 23—4. Cf. P. Tebt. 105. 46—7 'ici '' «[]»*

For

and

()

:

this

{
\

\

;

. [
first

'

^\
:

€[]€ \

, 4
[]\

(]«[']

\^^(, and 1124. 5~7
]

.
(


"^^^

[

/]

"^^

\

\^

][']

[^\
]«*.

'
b.c. 44.

could be read in place of tVh, but not

1629.

Lease of Catoecic Land.

•5 X
The
int.

part of a lease of a

a Persian for one year, corresponding closely to 1628, but less complete

)
15-7 cm.

by a

$
;

Plate

I.

to
cf.

1628.

and nn. It was written on Epeiph 37 of the 8th year of Cleopatra and Ptolemy, gods Philopatores (July 26, B.C. 44), and is the first Egyptian record to mention Cleopatra VI in association with Ptolemy XV, The statement of

1629.

LEASE OF CATOECIC LAND
this king's years

9
is
1.

Porphyry that a separate reckoning of
confirmed, and the papyrus throws

some

5

^ ? ^ 9 [] )(^€
6[]86^
S

[
'

, . €^ ' \ , ^? ^ ', [] , [\ [ [ ] '
\\\^\
?
kv

[] h'ght

was employed on the date of his death cf.
;

not
i, n.

'AXe^avSpeiai
iv

?

\\
*

[]

[][]

[

'^i,

^

][\
'

^^

....

'[\ [][

In the 8th year of the reign of Cleopatra and Ptolemy, gods Philopatores, and the rest Epeiph, of the formula as written at Alexandria, the 27th of the month Gorpiaeus which Theon son of Theon, of the catoecic cavalry, has leased at Oxyrhynchus in the Thebaid. to Apollonius also called Harbichis, son of Apollonius also called Harbichis, Persian of the epigone, both being from the street of Cleopatra Aphrodite, the holding of 30 arourae

=

which belongs to him at Paimis, on condition that Apollonius shall sow half of it for the 9th year with wheat and cultivate the other half with aracus, at a rent for each aroura sown with wheat of 6 artabae of hard wheat, unmixed with barley, and for each sown Avith aracus And Apollonius acknowledges likewise [.] artabae of hard wheat, unmixed with barley. .' that he has received from Theon for seed
.
.

extant Greek datings which mention Cleopatra Philopator by name all belong when she was associated with Ptolemy Caesarion, Philopator Philometor ; cf. 0. G. I. 194 and 1635. i (year lost), P. S. 1. 549 and Lefebvre, Melanges Holleaux (both in According the nth year); Lefebvre, Annales du Serv. des Anliq. 1908. 241 is undated. to Porphyry (a/. Euseb. Chron. ed. Schone, i. 168-70) in years 1-4 of her reign she was
I.

The

to the period

in years 5-8 with Ptolemy XV, these corresponding to 8th-i5th years she reigned alone, and her i6th-22nd years corresponded to years 1-7 (of Antony.? ; cf. 1453. 22, n.). That Porphyry was wrong in assigning a double reckoning by regnal years to the period of association with Ptolemy XV had already been inferred from the existence of a coin dated (erour) cf. Strack, Dynastie der (Poole, Ca/al. p. 122) and demode stelae of the 5th and 6th years Ptol. 212. 1629 not only provides the first definite piece of evidence for the application of the title Philopator to Ptolemy XV, and additional evidence for the use of a single reckoning

associated with Ptolemy

XIV, and

his years 1-4, while during the

;

?

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
by regnal years during the period of his association with Cleopatra, but indicates that the death of the king was not known at Oxyrhynchus on July 26, b. c. 44. Concerning the precise date and circumstances of that event there has hitherto been no clear evidence. Josephus i^Anl. Jud. xv. 4. i) states that Ptolemy XV was poisoned at the age of 15 by Cleopatra, and Porphyry /. c. attributes his death Tois in his 4th and her Mahaflfy (^Empire of the Ptol. 463) and Bouche-Leclercq (Hist, 8th year, i.e. b. c. 45-44. des Lagides, ii. 227) suppose that he perished at Rome in the confusioiT attending the assassination of Caesar on March 15, 44, especially as Cicero (Ad Att. xiv. 8) on April 15 refers to the flight of Cleopatra, and on May 11 (Ad Att. xiv. 20) mentions the queen and her son Caesar, but says nothing in either place about her brother. Dio, who mentions the presence of Ptolemy XV with Cleopatra at Rome (xliii. 27), seems to imply (xlviii. 24 Tovs e'v that he waS put tO death with Arsinoe by Antony, i.e. in e.g. 41; but according to Appian, Be/L civ. v. 9, the Ptolemy who was put to death with Arsinoe claimed to be Ptolemy XIV, having escaped from drowning in the Nile. That Ptolemy XV returned to Egypt with Cleopatra was supposed by Stahr (Cleopatra 56), but without any evidence, as is remarked by Bouche-Leclercq, I.e. Since Cleopatra left Rome not more than two or three weeks after March 15, 44, she presumably reached Egypt some weeks before July 26, and if Ptolemy XV died at Rome before his sister's departure, the news would on the whole be expected to have reached Oxyrhynchus by the date of 1629, although in the Roman period instances occur of papyri dated by an emperor who had been dead for as many as five months cf. Hohmann, Chronol. d. Papyrusurli. 50 sqq. We are therefore disposed to date the death of Ptolemy XV later than March 44, and to place it in Egypt rather than Rome, though allowance has to

?^
)
month

;

be

made

and the protocol may have been drawn up early in Epeiph, which in b.c. 44 began on June 30. 8. a village in the Western toparchy cf. 1659. 41. Mr. Crum refers us to Lemm, Iberica, 1906, pp. 5 and 13, Avhere it is stated that the body of James, the Persian martyr, was brought to Egypt to a little some 5 on the east of Pemje
;

:

for the circumstance that the figure (27) of the

in

1.

3

is

a later insertion,

(Oxyrhynchus), named in the Egyptian tongue '. If the geographical indication correct, the Western toparchy reached to within a kilometre of Oxyrhynchus.
10. ^vX«/i[;j]ff[a]t
:

&
P.

'

is

cf.

Hamb.

27. 6, n.

11.

:

cf.

1639.

8, n.

1630.

Lease of Land at an increased Rent.
i8xi8-8cm.
a. d.

222

(.-').

Of

this novel application

from a certain Heron

for a lease of land, at

a higher
is

rent than that previously offered

by himself and
and
it

others, the

upper portion

lost

whom the document was addressed. The mention of various bids (aipeVets 1. 8, n.) and the general tenour of most of the application, which resembles a petition to an official, rather suggest that the land in question belonged to the government but the contrary view that it belonged to a private individual is strongly indicated, first by the concluding words which occur in private contracts (e. g. 1631. ^^), whereas applications for or generally end with iav
besides the beginnings of
lines,

does not appear to
:

;

boa

,

1630.

LEASE OF LAND AT AN INCREASED RENT
. . .

secondly by the apparent reference in 1. 3 to followed by Claudia Isidora as the existing owner of the land (1. 2, n.). Probably therefore the application was made to her representative, who may have been an kmrpo-nos If H• 2-4 are restored on the (cf. 1. 3, n.) or (cf. P. Ryl. 171.1).

€,

ii

Heron had sub-leased Claudia Isidora's land situated in the (Small) Oasis from two of her lessees. From 4 onwards the narrative becomes clear. Heron had begun the sowing for the current year when two individuals whom he was employing in connexion with the agriculture offered to pay 3co drachmae a year more as rent. Heron made no objection to surrendering his lease to them, provided that he recovered the expenses which he had already incurred. To assert (1. I2, n.) his claim he brought an action before the strategus, and after a was awarded 3 talents 400 drachmae. This sum, however, his opponents failed to pay, and in order to bring matters to a head Heron by the present application offered 1,55a drachmae a year more than they, making the whole rent i talent 3,000 (?) drachmae. This bid was accepted by the representative of the land-owner, the intermediate lessees being apparently ignored, just as they seem to be in the and government officials in B. G. U. of negotiations between d. 1047 (131). As Rostowzew, who has discussed the Berlin papyrus in Gesc/i. estates, Rom. Kolonates 183 sqq., remarks, the management of Claudia Isidora's like that of M. Antonius Pallas which probably constituted a large private
right lines,
1.

^

?

P. Brit. Mus. 1323, and perhaps that of Claudia Athenais in P. Strassb. 78, seems to have been conducted on a system which differed from that applying to and approximated to that employed in regard to State ordinary yr\ The provision of a surety (11. 18-19) is an unusual feature in a lease of private land in the Roman period, but is known from P. land. 30 to have existed
in

.
in

?,

connexion with the leasing of The papyrus belongs to the early third century, probably to the reign of Elagabalus (1. 20, n.). It seems to be a draft, several alterations in 11. 15-18 having been made in a small hand which is probably distinct from that of the which was omitted at first in 1. 14. original scribe, though the latter supplied

]

/.

[
[{apovpas)

^
1

Traces of

line.

[ *9

. ,

}]

[
?

nepl]

?

eV

]9 [,

'' "

,

12
5

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

\\^( }/]

[

10

8 ]\\\? ? ? [' ] [?^] ? ,? ' ? \? ?, [ ^ [ ]

?,
,

[]

? -

[^

?

[\?

?

]yei'[oi'$• ?]•

[]6?

[ ^ 6^]
fjv
^

[],
Jp[\\

15

] []
V7

[ ?] [^ ^6[] []€? [], (?) W [] ' ?

?
• •

? ?? ?
?
(?)

?

[•1

[•]

'-

>*•

'^'?'[°1[1?'[''^]*5

[?

??? [] ]
]\^\\ }[\
.[....
]

{^?)

[]?.
[ety]

[]. {). .
2
3•
. .

? ? ^? ? ? " , ?
[(.)]

[)
6i[s]

? []? [5
]

^

'??

, [[?]]

?

?

[]}.[,

[]

]

.

7•
is

(or

().

written above

,

^.

.

(?)
g.

[]
1.

which

cancelled.

. 7[].
5•

.
.

^.
1

8.

('

after

1630.
'
.

LEASE OF LAND AT AN INCREASED RENT

13

I leased from Ptolemaeus also called Astoparison and Ammonius also from the corn-land in the Oasis which is the property of Claudia Isidora the sowing of the said land for . arourae which they have on lease from her, carrying out the present year and providing the local cultivators with both seed and expenses, through envy of my operations Hermogenes son of Petenephotes and Isidorus son of ... whom I humanely (helped) in the management of the business, providing them with necessaries, offered in the bid which they presented to pay 200 drachmae a year more, one of them, Isidorus, using a false name, This bid from them I welcomed, and being desirous genes. neither to suffer nor to cause any trouble I claimed to recover from them the loan which they had received from me and other expenses, being subjected as regards them to a reckoning of accounts between us and certain honourable persons as the result of a confrontation before the strategus of the nome, the sum in question being 3 talents 400 drachmae. But as they pay no attention to me and even failed to appear before ihe court ., I offer against their bid to pay 1,552 dr. a year more, making the whole annual rent I tal. 3,000 dr., the stipulations laid down in their said bid being preserved as regards the and period stated in their bid and all its provisions. I, Aurelius Sarapodorus, am surety for the aforesaid Heron in respect of both the payment of rent and care of operations, and in answer to the formal question we gave our consent. This offer of lease is valid. The
. .

(When)

called Heraclius

,

.

. .

.

.

.

.

.

5th year, Tubi 30.'

might be a father's name, in which case a father's name would become 2. necessary at the beginning of 1. 3, where the restoration is in any case somewhat uncertain. The sentence probably began with a conjunction such as eVet, for where a new subject A different interenters in 1. 6 there seems to be no connecting particle. pretation of the nature of the application would be obtained by restoring something like cf. e. g. P. Ryl. 99. 3—4 instead of or ras

\
is

€\[3\5

?
.
.

Tcis
.

the strategus is excluded by addressed to one or more government officials (e. g. 1. But it then becomes very difficult to 13), and be closely parallel to e.g. SB. 5670. account for ev which is a fairly certain restoration in 1. 4, and Claudia Isidora (1. 3, n.) seems to be the present, not the past, owner of the land, since there is no (cf. Rostowzew, op. cit. 120-2) before apart from the evidence in II. 19-20
:

( ()

/
but
cf.

;

Ovdkepiov BepeviKiavov

(^apoCpas)

. The

document might then

well

be

/
that
3.
(sic).
{sic)
.
.

]
(.')

[]€,
;

1630

-,
('A)eroi;
is

a private contract
:

cf. int.

tuted for

{-)/}^/:
i;

,

this
TT,

or

for

seems and

is

inadmissible.

expected here in conjunction with
.
.

that

word ought

than quoted, and ras
:

] ()() "
.

8 (.
this

(cf.

.

Owing

[)
cf.
;

.

.

.

,

. Ryl.

;
to be all
for

,
1

one unusual name,

()?
e is

or
is

e.g.

1578. 6)
66.

P. Brit.

a mere conjecture, but Mus. 1223. 5

6—7
but

to the occurrence of the genitive, not the dative, with

stricdy to

be a substantive

;

[, and

]6

[

'
for
;

or can be substinot satisfactory, and

[]

]/

is

less satisfactory as a

reading

e.g. the mixture of the genitive

and

dative in P. Ryl. i66 just

in P. R}'1. 160 (c). \. 4. the Small Oasis was joined to the Oxyrhynchite
cf.
:

nome

administrative

purposes at

period

1439.

int.

the use of the article suggests that she had been already 919. cf. int. mentioned, probably in the title of the person to whom 1630 was addressed and 1578 (4th year of an (a, D. 182 or 214.?; a consignment of honey for 7 unnamed third-century emperor, perhaps Elagabalus), a series of demands for money addressed

. .)

;

14
in Col.
iii
ii
^
.

AipijjXiwS
. .

probably refer to the Same in 1046. 8 (218-19), 1634 individual, who may also well be identical with who made a dedication at Coptos in 19 (222 ?), and 1659. 5 (218-21). The occurrence the reign of Domitian (SB. 4961) may have belonged to the same family. of many women of high rank owning estates in Egypt in the Roman period is noticeable cf. Claudia Athenais (1. 4, n.), Norbana Clara (P. Brit. Mus. 1213-15; cf. Archiv v. 543), As Rostowzew suggests, this circumstance may well be Flavia Epimache (P. Tebt. 402. i). connected with the prohibition of senators from entering Egypt. 4. A mention of the arourae at the beginning of this line combines well with the apparent (cf. the preceding n.) is restored, there If reference to them in the next line. for which phrase cf. P. Strassb. 78. 5 would be room for no more than eV

has

2 ()
KKavhias
:

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
{}[

() ), ^'. . []

[

[

(there

is

no

{))

:

Col.

*
if

exeis iv

5-

8\> (8^
did not occur in
:

6.

Ptolemaic papyri, e.g. 1628. 16. cf. 716. 22, B. G. U. 656. 8. Ato]yei'[ous]. 10. Perhaps
elsewhere occurs only in the phrase
des Idios

are well-known terms ; cf. Mitteis, Lehre v. d. Libellen 122 and action at law, and (in B. G. U. 969. ii. P. Ryl. 116. 10, n. ; but there is no clear instance in papyri of the substantive may be meant and the context is obscure), and the restoration 23 a^ioKoyoi in question were But that the in 1. 1 3 is uncertain.

€ -,
?) is

: ",
[
1.

3 the

;

(cf. e.g. 1578. 6 but that supplement would be rather short. and conjunction of

pOSSibly

\ \ [\, ^]
.
9, (cf.
', 1.
'

.
6)
is

. .),
is

common

in

\[]
application
refers to

889. 15, 890.
is

right,

i.

c.

ii. 7, 904. 9; p. Ryl. 427. nOt long enOUgh, if in papyri less satisfactory,

(

(e. g.

257. 43), and

in

Gjiomon

12.

]•.
:

Logos 176, where
cf
1.

'dummy'

persons.

15,
1.

729.
e,

I3.

assessors appointed to investigate disputed points in an

[ ']'
cf.
1.

]^6{

appointed by the strategus if not a plural 196.
19, n.). 14.

,

is

clear

from the

mai'es/alis,

., which refers to
it

indicate that

Avas the

sum

assigned to

(cf. and are inadmissible), but is almost certain (, 15. 14) seems inappropriate, besides being somewhat unsatisfactory as a reading. after (.), but is less likely, especially since 16. could be read in place of in the interlinear insertion. cannot be read in place of the nature of the crops being commonly specified in leases; 17. Possibly eVt rather than but the vestige of a stroke after eW suggests a straight letter, such as , , or (cf. 1. 1 6) is unsuitable as a reading and is not wanted one curved at the bottom. Avhich primarily refers to immediately after the traces suit very well, but all the rest is very doubtful. This 1 8.
1.

,

] .
may
in
1.

parallels in P. Cattaoui verso

^
the

\^6

\^
Mus.

and P.

Brit.

refer to the writer's supporters 12, is placed at the

(e.g. his surety;

end of

the sentence to

Heron by

[][][]5
,

,[ [][
:

[,

.
in

word

is,

however, expected after the cancelling

1.

i6.

19.

The

plural
e
:

includes the surety.
the

20. (eTovs)

supposed

e

is

written rather large
right,
;

and

refer the reign to Caracalla.
is

If

e is

; but it is not possible to read xy Elagabalus rather than Severus Alexander or

Gordian

probably the emperor in question

cf.

1.

3, n.

1631.

CONTRACT FOR LABOUR IN A VINEYARD
Contract for Labour
23-8

15

1631.

in a Vineyard and Lease of A Fruit-Garden.

X

19-9 cm.

. D.
(1.

280.

This interesting contract
also called Sarapion,

is

in

the form of an application to Aurelius Serenus
other papyri
i, n.),

who

is

known from

who

ofifer

to continue for a year the lease of (i) the

from three persons, epya of a vineyard

and adjacent reed-plantation in return for a payment in money, corn, and wine (11. 5-20), (2) the produce of the older part of the vineyard, which contained palms and other fruit-trees, and for which a rent in fruit is paid (11. 20-5}, undertaking (3) to supply the labour required for a fruit-garden near the vineyard without any extra payment (11. 25-8). The concluding provisions (11. 28-34) are those of an ordinary lease of vine- or garden-land. 'ipya are usual in leases Arrangements for the performance of of vineyards (729, P. Amh. 91, Flor. 84, 369, Brit. Mus. 163, C. P. R. 244,

Masp. 67104, SB. 4481-2, 4486, 4774) but for the is 1692, which closely resembles B. G. U. 1122 (B.C. 13), 1631, but was written a century earlier and is incomplete. which is now in the light of the two Oxyrhynchus papyri more intelligible but of vine-land somewhat resembling a (cf. 1. 7, n.), is an is concerned with planting of new vines, while in 1631 and 1692 the vines were SB. 4490 (7th cent.), in which an individual leases himself already yielding wine. to perform epya (so probably for e .) e'y re rf/ ttoAci other contracts for labour, is also somewhat similar, but the form of P. Flor. 80 and loi of corn), Fay. 91 (oil-manufacture), is different. With the section concerning the lease of palms and fruit-trees cf. 1632, B. G. U.
Giessen ^6,
23, Cairo
;

Hamb.

leasing of the €pya as such the only other instance

€9

^,
L

,
are

[ .]€({)

.

.

.

.

.

'
^-^,

{^

591, 603-4, 862, II 18-20, C.P. R. 45, Flor. 16,

Hamb.

5,

Ryl. 172, P. S.

Cairo Masp. 67100, 67170, SB. 4483, 4485. The long lists of operations in 1631. 9-18 and 1692. 10-25, arranged mainly in chronological order from Hathur i (Oct. 28) onwards throughout the year,

much more

elaborate than

any which have been previously found

in papyri,

and

include several

new

technical terms and usages.

The custom

of allowing

grow on the ground, which Pliny, Nat. Jiist. xvii. 185, attributes to Egypt amongst other countries, is not exemplified, reeds being employed as supports, on which subject the two papyri usefully supplement the information given by 729 and B. G. U. 11 22. The list in 1631 begins with the gathering of the reeds, arrangements for their disposition, pruning the vines, cleaning up the vineyard, propagation of new vines, digging of various kinds, and employment
vines to

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
of the reeds
(II.

9-12),

all

these being winter operations.

The

spring and

summer

operations of other kinds of digging, removal of shoots and leaves, trenching the reed-plantation, irrigation, weeding, banking up, preparation of jars, follow in 11. 1 2- 1 . For the gathering of the vintage, and pressing of the grapes the

landlord seems to have been responsible, the remainder of the

list

(11.

16-18)

being concerned with autumnal operations connected with wine-making.
list in

The

1692 is largely identical, but offers some variations in order and occasionally supplements the statements of 1631, from which 1692 diverges in 1. 20, where it becomes mutilated. Details are reserved for the commentary, in which Prof. Rostowzew has rendered valuable assistance.

[ ^] \ [€ 9
Heprjua»
TTJs

[\
[^

] ^[

-

'Aya]6dvov

€8[9]

7€[5•
Tavpios

5

? ]9 [][ ][]
09,

[[ ] ,9 , , [] [€5 , ,^ ,} , - [][, '
ej/a

^ [

'^\\ []^
'

]

(9)
?]

X\apq[s!\ Q ^yfi'i/cAy^i'T]^^
TanovOevTOS

?\
'
\\

'€[?

^

'

[][9 \8^^

?

eroKS•]

\'\\
€-

ipya

^?

Tavdeiv

^

kaTiv

\

[][])9

[/caXja/^eiay

[]; €[6]/

[,]

Se

epya

€[]
\\

[][]9

9, ?,

,

^, []9 ^,

[ ][],
TrJ9

Trpoy

5e

)(^],

€[] -, []

, ?, .

^,

1631.

CONTRACT FOR LABOUR IN A VINEYARD
Se

15

] '[]6€ ,

[]

e[u

Set

)(ow

, ^^ ^
kv

/? €,
[]
evoev

17

rrj

eh

oivov

,
[
kv

[]voev
pav^oev
ks

kv

eaapo€v

kv

kaeoev

€ epaev

€0'

6[€],

poeevv

2

€[],

\]6

. [] - ] [][ ][] , , ] , [] , , [], k[]v
[eva

.
ka[]v

25

k] [ [] [,] - [] [] [\ [] [] [] [ ] []

^

,, [
[][],
[]

k[6pa]

[

?]/

Xei;/co7re[iO]i/a

?

]

[].

,

[]

[],
ko-

.

3

,

kaooovv
C

,

i8

{) €[] [] [] 8/ ]€['\, [\ €{) \-\\ 6[ ]. 4
35

[€]/ [6][] (- ?] '[]9 ? ^, €? []€. €[] €[]
[[]
ety
[(eVoi/y)
e/c

, ^^ ? , - ,. ^
THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

tou

9

epyois

?

?,

ynvo-

.

(and hand)

€[ -.
(1st? hand)
.

'^][]

,
of

[e/crafcjra

€7€/)?/^€/[€9]

Verso
[^''"If^L^'X]^

[{)
:

].
and 36.
corr.

//

(ViavTov

24.
36.

). ((
(va

3•

.

.

>(^(,
20.
COrr.
1.

over an expunction.

of

from .

.

4•

''^(^

SO in
l6.

11.

8

corr.

of

17.
corr.

1.

33• 4°•

[/.

Second

from

.

^.
5•

^

35•

^*''^•

Aurelius Serenus also called Sarapion, son of Agathinus and Taposirias, of the and most illustrious city of Oxyrhynchus, from the Aurelii Ctistus son of Rufus and Dionysia, and his son Ptolemaeus, whose mother is Tauris, both of the illustrious and most illustrious city of Oxyrhynchus, and Peloius son of Heracleus and Tapontheus, of the
'

illustrious

voluntarily undertake to lease for one year more from Hathur Tanais (?). of the present 6th (?) year all the vine-tending operations in the vineyard owned by you in the area of the village of Tanais and the adjoining reed-plantation, whatever be the extent of each, a half share being assigned to us, the party of Aur. Ctistus, and the remaining half to me, Peloius, which operations are, concerning the vineyard, plucking of reeds, collection and transport of them, proper cutting of wood, making into bundles and binding, pruning (?), transport of leaves and throwing them outside the mud-walls, planting as many vine-stems as are necessary, digging, hoeing round the vines and surrounding them with trenches, you, the landlord, being responsible for the arrangement of the reeds and we for rendering you assistance in this, we being responsible for the remaining operations after those mentioned above, consisting of breaking up the ground, picking off shoots, keeping the vines well tended, disposition of them, removal (?) of shoots,, needful thinnings of foliage ; and concerning the reed-plantations, digging up both reed-plantations, watering, and continual weeding and further we agree to superintend together with you in the vineyard and the
village of
I
;

We

1631.

CONTRACT FOR LABOUR IN A VINEYARD

19

reed-plantation the asses which bring earth, in order that the earth may be thrown in the proper places, and we will perform the testing of the jars employed for the wine, and will put these, when they have been filled with wine^ in the open-air shed, and oil them, move them, and strain the wine from one jar into another, and watch over them as long as they are stored in the open-air shed, the pay for
all the aforesaid operations being 4,500 drachmae of silver, 10 artabae of wheat, and 4 jars of wine at the vat, which payments we are to receive And Ave likewise undertake to in instalments according to the progress of the operations. lease for i year the produce of the date-palms and all the fruit-trees which are in the old

vineyard, for which we will pay as a special rent i-| artabae of fresh dates, i\ art. of pressed dates, j\ art. of walnut-dates, i art. of black olives, 500 selected peaches, 15 citrons, 400 summer figs before the inundation, 500 winter figs, 4 large white fat melons. Moreover we will in consideration of the aforesaid wages likewise (?) plough the adjoining fruit-garden on the south of the vineyard, and will do the irrigation, weeding, and all the

other operations required from season to season, only the arrangement of reeds in it and the strewing of earth being done by you, the landlord, the rent being secured against all risks. If our undertaking is guaranteed to us, we will perform all the operations from season to season concerning the vineyard, fruit-garden, and reed-plantation at the proper times and to your satisfaction, Avith the concurrence of your agents in everything, and we will pay the special rent at the proper season without delay, and at the end of the period deliver the land leased to us under cultivation, well cared for by our operations, and free from rushes, weeds and all coarse grass, you having the right of execution upon us, who are

mutual securities for the payment of the rent, as is fitting. This undertaking is valid, and answer to the formal question we gave our consent. The 6th (.?) year of the Emperor Caesar Marcus Aurelius Probus Persicus Maximus Gothicus Maximus Pius Felix Augustus, Choiak 25/ Signature of the lessees written by Tiberius Claudius Horion, and title.
in

Other mentions of him in contracts from 249 to 279 I. are 1209. 8, 1276. 3, 1558. 8, 1633. 2, 1636. i, 1646. 8, 1689. i, 1699. 3, 1713. i. not the known the nominative, as appears from 1. 35, is 3.
:

form

6.

11 22. 7 and 38 €'\{:) and in 11. 4-5 cf int. in 11. 21 and 31 is preferable to the simple verb in view of [a'\]aeas for the cultivation of reeds in connexion with a vineyard concludes a book devoted to vinecf. Geop. V. 53, where a chapter Trepi growing Colum. iv. 30. 2 arundineii singula iugera vigenis higandis (sc. siifficere possuni) ;
7.
cf.
1.

] .] [ €
^\\(
: :

] 7'[

?,
;

.: (\
:

This village was in the cf. 1. 6. cf. P. Hamb. 1692. 5 adds xepiKU
;

cf.

1659. 64.
Te

23.

22 upnikovpyiKip

is

now

practically certain in spite of Schubart's doubts,

[][]

:

;

Pliny,

Nai.

hist. xvii.

1692. 8-9

,'
{.) ',

€6
:

^
.
.

141 sqq.; 729. 3-5, 22-7, a lease of a

\

;
. .

B.G.U.

( ( €
1

5

and 1692.

8.

In

B.G.U.

(]\{

;

coupled with a

;

.
.

Brit.

Mus.

1

865. 15
.

.

.

.

.

.

(so better than

[]{)
9.

286. 14-15

() , \ {€).
{d. 1631. 25)
11.
:

(.)

On

S. near an 1637. 28—9 the employment of reeds as supports of the vines, i.
;

.

(.) ',

, .
.

63. 2 2 (lease of a vineyard) Giessen 56• 6-12 ]

;
9•

\

aS in
4,

1.

6)

5.

a

. {) '', .
;

.

[.)

'

;

(^
C.

R.

4

;

.

e.

see

II— I2,n. as here. cf. 729. 3 1, where 1. omits these words, which refer in general to the succeeding 1692.

( ]8,
C 2

;

20

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
the next nn.

: ^ . [1^
of.

operations, though the three which immediately follow concern the

a vineyard in Tubi) Tebt. 585 ^"^

Mus. 131. 391, 397 (operations concerning , 406 1141. 4 G. U. 84. 3 come later in The operations concerning the planting and care of the cf. int. 11. 13-14 owing to the chronological arrangement of 1631. 9-18; and adds eis 1692. 1 1 omitS ipy{aTU>v) {siC for which cf P. Brit. Mus. 131. 376-7

]6

and

11.

[[€) (^)
;

8e 13-14 SO in 1692. lo;

.
cf.
. .

,
;

not the vines

P. Brit.
.

nal8[es)

^{)

€(^)

[)]

not

{))

els

Avas of course
vines, e. g. for

(

:

)

(.?)

making
:

used for other purposes than those connected with the cultivation of pens, and in the weaving industry (P. Tebt. 413. ir, 414. 14), and in

{) ()

(cf.

1.

() {) ((^), 75.)' 8{^ (^().
]

^
.

(^) (^)

;

connexion with a fruit-garden (1. 27). is made an exception to the other epya and in 1692. 5-6 retained by the landlord; 729. 29 agrees more or less with 1631 in regard to the of the vineyard, which was to be performed by the lessees under the landlord's supervision, was apparently retained by the of a rose-garden contained in the while the operations conis mentioned here between Though landlord, as in 1692. pruning the it refers in our opinion to the vines and means cerning the branches'; cf. 1673. 29 \J\>a ? 1 63. 20 Brit. Mus. 375^424 This Operation, called in Latin Hamb. 27. 26 ; 13. 7, piitatio (cf. e. g. Colum. iv. 10), was very important (cf. Gcop. iii. 6. 3 and there is no Theophr. Caus. plant, iii. 14 14. I, and v. 23, a chapter There seems 10, n.) or 1692. other suitable place for a mention of it in either 1631 (cf to be a reference to carrying away the branches after the pruning in P. Brit. Mus. 131. 394,

(,
3•

\[
.
where
1.

^ 8(
is

( ,, ^
;

^\
1.

'

), ^,

\

[

;

compounded

7rai6(es) . The corrupt Substantive not to be divided into two words, for in 11. 425 and 429,. The alternative to the where the phrase recurs, it is abbreviated ). ) or of the vines is to refer it to cutting of wood identification of with the cf. Varro i. 8. 2 iugorum as supports for the vines from other trees for use like the
?) {si'c)

{() afo
of

€(
and

^{
;

8()

{

;

gejierafere qiiaiuor, pertica, harundo, resies, viies Plin. Nat. hist. xvii. 141 restat earuni ratio quae propter alias seruntnr ac vincas viaxime, caediio ligno, the most important being the and some Willows might well grow in a willow, hanmdo, chestnut, and oak.

obtained from the palms and fruit-trees in the (1. 2i); cf. P. Flor. 369. 17, where the lessee of a vineyard containing fruit-trees undertakes to pay eva. annually The cutting of trees in a vineyard was also done sometimes partly in order to expose the grapes to the sun; cf SB. 5807. 8-1 1

wood could have been

,
286.

But we mUch prefer the first explanation, especially since the delicate nature of the operation of pruning vines accounts from the other e'pya in 1692. very well for the exception of is a new word. 1692 omits these terms, which evidently tv refer to the cf. P. Brit. Mus. 131. 437 (Tubi)
del
(sc.
tVe'iVa)

[^
I

P.S.I. 317• 7—10
8e

935. 19,
o.

n.

[7[7)7
it

lost

between
its

From

but hardly , can be substituted. and the supposed , for which i, , or position the first word might refer either to the like the two preceding

; . ,^ ][\
:

,

'

]

.
is
is

[)
4,

' ^]
found
in

()
and

be

P.S.I.

.
;

cf.

\

.?

:

[]

very probable, but there

,

,

may

be a

letter

1631.

CONTRACT FOR LABOUR IN A VINEYARD

terms, or to the vines, like those following ; but the latter hypothesis is much more probable, foi 1692. 1 1— 12 has at this point ., or so that the word beginning a[n]o would be expected to correspond to refers to the sweeping up of dead leaves (cf. P. Brit. Mus. 131. 400 emiindai-e), apparently to cutting off leaves e, Colum. iv. 27 vineta

[} ,

21

\

8[()

1. g, n.), and [][)7 as a variant for remained after the pruning with the and 7:[][77 (or e. g. seems fairly suitable. To identify are concerned in 1692 and probably not pruning is unsatisfactory, seeing that appears to be merely a variant for the more appropriate here too. found in 1692. eKTW Cf. 1692. 1 2- J COuld be read. fKT6[s\

that

[;
. .
.

, {()
. .

][]

were apparently brick walls of the vineyard cf. 729. SB. P. Flor. 369. 20 30 the being presumably 44^2. 4 4774• 2 are used for strengthening an emand of Stone. In P. Brit. Mus. 131. 88 also occurs, e. g. in 1674. 8-10 bankment. The form cf. 1674. g, . this cf. 1692. 1 3 which comes here in 1. 11 (cf. n.). The Latin operation being placed after is viergiis, and this method of propagating vines by bending down the equivalent of stem into the earth so that it takes root again is described in Geop. v. 18. i Colum. iv. 1 5, and Pallad. iu. 1 6 (February). Cf. Brit. Mus. 163. 24—5) where '[] p. Flor. 369. 5
els

(6( {(\;

:€ ,
[^[^
iii.

, ,
\

£[][)

,

,
;

^

\ () ^)?

;

;

\

:

-, \ .
-.
while a vineyard see
I

.,

is

possible,

LXX
:

}6 ,
Ezek.

,

xvii.

6

[ ]!^^
.)
follows.

(cf.

the preceding
I

Geop.

(June), 10.
25-

(July), 11.

3. 6 (March), 4. 5 (August), 13. 7 (October),

iii. Theophr. 16; Varro i. 29. I, 27, De arbor. 5 iugerum vineae quinqtie open's ablaqueaiur, qtiinque January), iv. 7 (^oinearuvi fossio ; INIarch), fodiliir^iribiis occatur; Pallad. ii. i (ablaqueatio April), vi. 4 {occatio; May), vii. 3 {pccaiio; June), viii. i {effodi V. 2 {vmeariini fossio;

31.

I,

32. 2

;

Colum.

iv.

{ ;
cf.

1692.

3~4

[],

On

the necessity for repeated digging in
in April), 5. 4

(May),

v.

21. 3 Catis. plant,

, ,
6. i

;

,. , ^ , ,,
Gear.
ii.

July),

August); Plin. N'aL hist. xvii. 22 ter anno confodi, 188-9; ^i^"»• I {pccaiio 354, 399 ierque quaterque sohiin scindendum; P. Brit. Mus. 163. 34 SB. 4774• ^ (i. e. Giessen 56. 13 /Lior in 1692. 1 8) is distinguished in 1. 12 from (which
ix.
;

") ; —
which
is
'

coming

in both papyri next before

the preliminary digging,
the digging of a circle
iv.

and round the
3.
I

.
used.

;

refers particularly to

vines, i.e.

omitted in 1692, corresponds to ablaqueaiio, cf. Geop. iii. 13. 3 (October) earthing up
'

;

are With regard to the reading 7[][]$-, and 21. 4, 20. 1-3. could be read, but that operation, which is mentioned in 1692. 11, nearly certain ; would be out of place at this point, the cleaning up of the vineyard having been already being a later operation than or accounted for cf. 1. 10, n. is a new form, and seems to correspond to occatio, the breaking up of clods.
V.

[][]

;

is contrasted with elscwhcre means the pin of an oar, but is explained by Hesychius and Suidas as Theophr. Hist, plant, ii. 7. 5. but Arist. Mirab. 91 couples the two words, which must have had a slightly

, >
tools

\

,

connotation, perhaps referring

to the

The meaning

of

, ,
by
different

,
which

;

22

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

evidently has a new technical sense, is more obscure ; but it too seems to refer to some apparently reverts kind of trenching, probably in connexion with the yvpwais, so that scraping or ' digging '. Rostowzew compares Plin. Na/. to the primitive sense of

-,

--

'

'

hist.

scrobibus per

quoque quae sparguntur in terra breves ad limitandiim caveas circumdant., That method /actis, ne vagi pahnites inter se piignent occursantes. of allowing vines to grow on the ground is, however, different from the system employed in
xvii.

185

lis

1631

€ , ,{)
ambitum
;

cf. int.

II— 12.

19—20

(.? 1.

vea^s

.
('

Flor.

3^9•
'
.'')

material

[e'/xjoi

[
;

infinitive
1.

P.

meaning 'support') [?]$• Brit. MuS. 163. 23-4 7, n. Giessen 56. 13, .) .

, ^ ]4 \^
hk KoiS^povpyias
. . .

(the landlord)

.

]

C,

. R. 244•
P. Brit.

'—
:

cf.

1692. 15— 16

KoXapou

Vo

^

2

\ o^^^\v em — ]/
ejror
eK

nepiaTOaews epov

aS in P. Flor. 369)

e'o

^""» where . (sc. apne\ovs

\'
1

;

cf.

\ []/
31?• ^

MuS.

63. 25)
;

^ \\ \
Hamb.
;

;!
els

\

. G. U.

'

\

1

122.

(

e^\


;

\

veas

Xot7r&)[i']

(^€)

.[....]..

\ '[] [\[^ [][ — 65
\
;

vpeTepois ^eVro[tJ

(an 27 Giessen 56. 12 quoted in
23.
.

[.^
;

{),
. .

7ep\^es

3.
1

.

.

eK

r[et];^o(i;s)

;

Tebt.

7 (cf• 20. I4I

. S.

.

(^^•

^•

9' ^•)'

393•

^•

The
1.

refers to the

employment of reeds in the vineyard (and, as appears from 1. 27, in a fruitgarden also), as distinct from the cultivation of them in the for which see 7, n. 8. 2 quoted in 1. 9, n. For ancient references to this practice see Varro Colum. iv. i
i.

^,
'

Pallad. iii. 11. i, iv. i. 3 Plin. Nat. hist. xvii. 115, 166, calamoque applicetur, 16-17, 30 174; Virg. Geor. ii. 358. According to Plin. Nat. hist. xvii. 146 {harundd) vineis anno i. e. that siccata utilior quam viridis, but several of the papyri lay stress on the new obtained from the gathering of the reeds as described in 1631. 9 and 1692. 10. 12. cf. 11. lO-II, P. Brit. Mus. 131. cf. 1692. 19, where it occupies the same position 13. ev veov(^c) 192 (Phaophi), where 1. ev 131*• 42-5° (Pharmouthi). On this 507 (Pharmouthi) important operation (in Latin pampinatio) see Geop. iii. 6. i (June), 11. 4 (August), and V. 28, a chapter Tvep\ 29; Theophr. Cans, p/ant. iii. 14, 16; Varro i. 31. 2; Colum. iv. 27-8, xi. 2, 28; Pallad. vi. 2 (May); Virg. Geor. ii. 400. this probably refers to digging cf. Geop. iii. 5. 4 (May)

,

Tas

ave'ia

this operation.

^, ,
\ \
Colum.
iv.

: {^ : ^) , € [] €
.

;

;

'

,
[]

;

[] ',

(^^ €[)
;

I'wl

eov ).

:

66'

;

en

avu\j/vxei

8•
;

^neov.

/
,

^nev

apneXov,

1692 omitS

in 1692. 19-20 more precisely probably refers to the disposition of the leaves so that the grapes should get the right amount of sun ; probably implies lopping off superfluous shoots, 8e especially those at the top. Theophr. Cans, plant, iii. 16.3
:

apparently refers to the same two operations

qUOted in the next n. 27 caciitnina flagellorum confringere luxuriae coinprimendae causa, vet e dura parte
ZYid VU.
1

€,

e\

cf.

Geop.
8. I

iii.

6. 2

(June)

out a trunco surgcntes pa?npi7ios subtiiovere, De arb. 1 1 ante dies decern quani vinea florere incipit pampinatam habeto. quidquid supervacui enatuvi fuerit tollito. quod in cacumine aut in brachiis natuvi erit decerpito, dumtaxat quae uvam non habebunt. cacumina virgarum ne luxurieJitur demutilato Pallad. ix. 3 (August) Jiunc locis frigidis pampinatur locis vera /irventibus ac siccis obumbratur potius uva ne vi so/is arescat, si aut vineae brevitas autfactdtas operarum permittit.
;

the vintage.

' ( , ,
1631.

CONTRACT FOR LABOUR IN A VINEYARD
:

in

1692. 20 the singular
V. 28.

is

used.

,

J

Geop.

4

be

Lva

\

ea>oas
ev
. .

Sia
fjpepciyv

yrjs

bei

eic

Geo7'.

ii.

Colum. iv. 28 foUis ovmibus iiudare; Virg. which in 1692. 21 follows the 400, 410. 1631 does not mention the and presumably the landlord in 1631 made his own arrangements for gathering
;

\

VU.

1

8.

.

, ,
Cf. P.

23

Hamb.

29• 2 rar he

^,:
23. 27
tovs

\

elveove

-

,

13—14.

two

had not been stated previously.

neuter, not feminine.

The punctuation

would be contrary to the usage of 1631 and 1692 with regard to the position of genitives, in 1. 9. and seems to balance is a new form, but hardly is known, but not requires correction to It refers apparently to the initial breaking-up of the ground in the reed-plantation, of which the gathering of the crop has already been mentioned in 1. 9 owing to the chronological arrangement of 1631: and Apoll. Rhod. i. 628 cf. Mosch. 2. 81 1692 after cf. the previous n. diverges from 1631 cf. 1692. 1 8, where these Operations are placed 14. lo-ii, n.) and following earlier, preceding ii-i2, n.), and (11 (11.

()
;

[
:

[] ,
:

that the

(. y) waS divided into could be read, but the word is

).

\

{)

evidently apply to the vineyard primarily. Here, since has just intervened, ihey probably apply to the reed-plantation as Avell as the vineyard. Provisions for irrigation are naturally a common feature in leases of vineyards ; cf. e. g. 729. 24, and P. Flor. 369. 6, where 1. as Rostowzew suggests. Fov cf. P. Gicssen 56 int. In 1. 26, p. 97^ and Geop. iii. 10. 3 (July) is used, as in P. Giessen 56. 11. referring to the fruit-garden, are given 15. Cf. 1. 27 and e. g. 729. 5-7, where the arrangements for the in greater detail, the landlord and lessees being jointly responsible, as here. is tO be Supplied with 16. cf. Geop. v'li. 24. 2 and in e.g. SB. 4488. II• The word is often used in papyri substantivally, especially in the phrase (e.g. P. Strassb. i. 10), but Wilcken {Os/. i. 766) is not justified in treating as a distinct kind of measure. In the three instances which he gives from his ostraca in Nos. 43 and 150 (= means empty flasks ', not of flasks (cf. P. Flor. 314. 8 and in 1483 rather than the empty or is rendered probable by P. Brit. Mus. 1656. 6-7 are definitely contrasted with filled with wine. Lines 6-8 of that ostracon are to be restored / L (= ;)

6

,
'

.

\

.

[]:

;

,

'

(()

){€)
'

) [)), {)
.
in
1.

() .
:

7()

() [,]
ovv

(similar),

. []] '{) \ ][) ^) ^)
(")
17:

with this new word for ringing * jars to test their soundness cf. in Diog. Lacrt. vi. 30, as restored from Eust. p. 896. 61, and in Eur. Rhes. 383. The process is described in Geop. vi. 3. 2
'

is

a

less Suitable reading.

:

cf.

1.

18,

(a village);

729. 25 as restored below P. Brit. Mus. 131. 85
<tr (,?)
.

574~5

{^ {) {) 6 (),. {) ^)
18, n.,
ev

[-

;

Flor.

20. 77

,,
985
olvov
ev

3*•

8

374
7

24

(Tepov

(sc.

( (){) () (€) (6{\[ [ ^ ,\\ ()() ) (^)''() {) (^ 6 , ep \( \ ' ^. \/ 8 \ .( (} ( (€ , ^ ,- ] \ ,' ', ^, . ((1 . €() .\ \ ' '. ^^ ' ]\ \(.
THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI ^\\.^,
67—8
(cf.

98 and 103)77/^0)]

flao8o\is

\

Koi

ev

.

Ryl. 206. 47~9 Giessen 31.

i.

Egyptian probably
enaX(i\j/op€V
:

14 the context of Avas) was placed in the open air;
8e

this refers to the

:

cf.

729.

2

,

where

4, 2 el

TO

iii.

.

2

(Alay)

:

this

,
o'iiOW

5•

- \ . , € (
(
',

Amh.

1 2 7. 2'J,
I.

where

1.

Kfi^pa',

and 35j where
eni
)

((^)
2.
i

is

obscure.

... In Strong wine (as

cf.

Geop.

vii.

olvov

of jars
tovs

;

cf.

Geop.
.
.

vi.

9

TiVfS

.

8e

8e

(
.

eari

ttj

1.

(sc.

On moving wine
TTfpt

cf.

Geop.vii.

eivai

.

.

( irtpovs
37

6,

a chapter

oiyou ev

els

compound

is

new.

Cf. the preceding n.

eVi
, .

'

\
:

(

and Geop.

vii.

17—18.

possibly corresponds.
21.
:

In 1632. 11,16 the singular

<{).
22.

[][ ][7€]:
For
8,

1207.

(Berger, to is, however, the word to be Strafklauseln 150-, Wohnungsmiete 394 ; 1207. 8, n.). supplied with as is indicated by the present passage, in which the restoration can hardly be doubted. e<c[raxra] though just• possible as a reading, is not in 1. 23. at all satisfactory, especially in view of the occurrence of The essential point of is that they were in kind, being 'excepted' from the in
are contrasted

'[]
lessee

] ]: ,
cf.

.

cf.

1.

17,

., and 729. 25, where

ev

\(

(

\
1.

\\

in

1692. 22

. G. U.
cf.

591. 13, 603. II, 604. 6, 862. used. P. Brit. I\Ius. 131*. 45, where 1.
is

6,

Hamb.

5. 11, P. S. I. 33. 9.

/3[7-('€)
is

f'v

Ty]

fruit-trees in

an
cf.
11.

cf.

P. Flor. 369.

30 and 38, Avhere
with

used substantivally, as in

where

,

and correspond

money. In the present case there happened to be no owing to the fact that the was doing the cf. G. U. 591. 2 2, whcre it is contrasted with Syrian dates P. Hamb. 5. P. S.I. 33. 14 (cf here) 17; Flor. 369. 12, where it is contrasted with
:

.

.

,

'[]

;

23.

indicates that a kind of dates
in the Delta.
cf.

G. U. 603. 17-18, P. S. I. 33. 1 6-1 7. between summer and winter figs seems to be new. 2 5. there does not seem to be space for (an unknown word), though is well known; cf. in SB. 4483. 1 5. is only known from Schol, Ar. Frogs 1124.
24.

€[]'

: ^ [\
?]
cf.
:

': ). [ [\
is

[])
The

^;.
.

;

:

the fact that

(=

•| artabae are paid, as in the two preceding cases, meant, and cf. P. Cairo Masp. 67100. 18-19 Strabo . mentions the cultivation of the

8

distinction

[]
. .

P.

Hamb.
:

23. 18, n.
:

26. eVi] TOi[y

cf

1.

37.

27.

cf. 11.

II— 12,

.

[^]
:

:

cf.

1.
1.

I4,

cf.

15,

1631.
34. \(erovs)

CONTRACT FOR LABOUR IN A VINEYARD
€\•.

Dec. 21), excluded by the day of the month (Choiak 25 summer of 276, Tacitus being still regarded and are too long for the as reigning in June of that year cf. 1476. int. lacuna, while, if rpt'jrov had been written, some traces of the t, which is generally long, would rather have been expected to be visible. Moreover the occurrence of the title indicates one of his later years, his earlier years being devoted to campaigns in the simply for the 4th year west. In papyri of the 2nd and 3rd years he is called there is no evidence, but in the 5th and 6th years titles derived from his eastern campaigns Mey., appear Mey., TeppaviKos Me'y, in 1694. ^6 written on Phamenoth 1 1 of
is

for Probus' accession took place in the spring or

^

25

'

;

7(\

\

=

(6

;

(^?

reppaviKos Mey., Mey., Mey. in P. Amh. 106 i. e. March 7, 280 on Mesore i of the 6th year, i. e. July 25, 281). In 1562. i and 27 (year lost) and P. Brit. Mus. 1243. 19 (7th year, Phaophi 2, i.e. Sept. 29, 281) his titles apparently begin, as here, with Mey., but include Others, while 1638. 32 (7th year, Mey., Pharmouthi 24, i.e. April 19, 282) seems to agree with 1631. Gothicus is already found in 277 in C. I. L. xii. 1178 b. are very insecure, and that this line contained the 41. The readings before title or was even connected at all with the writing on the recto is not certain. But the ink has the same reddish tinge, and the writing in spite of its greater size may be by the first hand. «XXayetaa, if the restoration of the preceding words is correct, would mean but substituted ', i. e. for the original lease of which 1631 was a continuation (1. 5 en)

the 5th year,

written

?

;

86

'

;

the phrase

is

unusual.

1632.

Lease of a Palm-Grove.
22-5Xic-5cm.
A.D. 353.

An

application,

incomplete at the end,

made

in

•>,^'^

to

a senator of

palm-grove for one year at a rent of 8,000 talents. list of Roman and Byzantine leases of palm-groves and gardens has been given in 1631, int. the formula of 1632, which is the only fourth-century specimen of its class and is not very correctly w^ritten, is mainly parallel to that
for the lease of a

Oxyrhynchus

A

;

of the nearly contemporary applications for leases of other kinds of land in the

Oxyrhynchite nome, 102-3, P. S. I. 90, 316, 469. The chief interest of the papyrus lies in the mention of the current 47th, a9th, and year which has an important bearing on the question of the eras employed from the 4th to 7th centuries at Oxyrhynchus for dating purposes in preference to indictions, which were commonly thought sufficient elsewhere in Egypt- The evidence of 1632 has already been taken into consideration in the discussion of those eras in 1431. 5, n. but fresh evidence has thrown much new light on the matter, which is rediscussed in detail in 1. 9, n. The 47th year can now be recognized as an era dating from the accession of Constantino I, who became Caesar in 306. This era is simply a continuation of his ordinary regnal years for sixteen years after his death, and is parallel to the continuation of the
'

',

;

datings by the era of the
of Augustus) into the reign of Tiberius.

(which coincided with the regnal years

The 29th and 2nd

years .have nothing

26
to

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
do with

consuls, Constantius Augustus,

5

{€))

\ ^-^ {) 7{) '€/ {) . ^
eras, but refer to the reigning sovereigns,

who happen

to be also the

^^ \]

and Constantius

(i.

e.

Gallus) Caesar.

'

€[]]
TTJs

'

.

\{$)
6\

6{€)

()

[] []6[ ] ^-[] '
15

-^ [] {}(€) [) (. , []
?)

2 []-^
[8

, .\
e/y
e/xe

,

,

[] [] [

\

^\

-

-

[

ev

6€[

pjrra

€]

letters]?

[
On
lO.

'-^ '
title.

.

the verso traces of the

I.

iJnareias.

of

.

.

from

ovs.

1.

.

12.

1.

(.

7•

the consulship of our masters Constantius Augustus for the 6th time and Constantius the most noble Caesar for the 2nd time, Mesore i. To Aurelius Heraclides son of Heraclides, ex-gymnasiarch, ex-prytanis, senator of the illustrious and most illustrious city of Oxyrhynchus, from Aur. Castor son of Pathermuthius, of the said city. I voluntarily undertake to lease for the present 47th, 29th, 2nd year only, from the produce of the 1 2th indiction, the date-crop of your two estates, the northern and southern ring, on condition that I gather the crop and transport it to my own property in the right manner,

1632.

LEASE OF A PALM-GROVE

27

and

pay as the fixed rent of the whole of the said date-crop 8,000 talents of silver, If this lease is guaranteed to me, 8,000, secured against every kind of risk. I will deliver the rent in three instalments in all, paying for the period from Mesore to Hathur(?) 2,663 talents 2,000 drachmae . .'
shall
total silv. tal.
.

4~5•

"^,)

.

.

.

/3(^)

:

leSS proha.h\y

(^>)

.

.

.

[(^€)

referring to the father.

1.

months Pauni or Epeiph, we formerly (in 1431. 5, n.) supposed that the 47th = 29th = 2nd year corresponded to the 12th indiction, i.e. began in the summer of 353 before Mesore i (July 25). Hence we regarded 307, 325, and 352 as the starting-points of the three years in question, and combining this with the evidence of 92, 1431, and 1575, in each of which the first two out of the three joint years mentioned were evidently reckoned on the same system as the first two years here, we were led to suppose the existence of local eras at Oxyrhynchus beginning in 307, 325, 334, 341, and 352 in addition to the two wellknown eras of that city dating from 324 and 355, which continued in joint use down to the seventh century. Since then, however, much new evidence is available, and our views have been materially altered. An Oxyrhynchus papyrus to be published in P. S. I. vi, of which Professor Vitelli has kindly supplied us with the text, is dated in Phamenoth of the year after the consulship of [Sergius] and Nigrinianus (Feb.-March 351), and mentions (fTovs) which implies 306 and 343 as starting-points, and suggests that the 47th year' in 1632 is 352-3, not 353-4. (eVoi;?) is, according to Vitelli, The reading not absolutely certain, and the '8th year' fails to correspond to either the second or the third of the three joint years in 1632 {v. m/.); but that the 47th year in 1632 is 352-3, not 353-4, is rendered practically certain by P. S. I. 469, which is also from Oxyrhynchus. This is dated in the consulship of Optatus and Paulinus, Thoth 21 (Sept. 18, 334), and is 6 iveaT[6s la (eros) . a lease np6s Here the iith and and years are obviously calculated on the same system as the 13th and 4th years in 92, where the 31st and 13th years are clearly on the same system as the 47 th and 29th in 1632. Vitelli restores the [eTos) passage 6 €([6 (eros) , and regards the years as regnal, the 29th referring to Constantine I Augustus, whose years in Egypt are counted from his accession as Caesar in 306 before Choiak 4 (cf 1750), the 19th to Constantine II Caesar, whose years are reckoned from his accession on March i, 317 {Fa.n\y-Wisso\vz, Realetic. iv. 1026), the nth to Constantius Caesar, whose years are similarly reckoned from Nov. 8, 324 {op. cii. iv. 1045), a'^d the 2nd to Constans Caesar, whose years are reckoned from Dec. 25, {(tos) and explanation 333 (''/• ^^^• iv• 948)• There is no doubt that Vitelli's restoration of the 29th, nth, and 2nd years are correct, but whether the 19th year (of Constantine II) is to be restored is uncertain for 92 mentions only three joint years (the 31st, 13th, and 4th), and omits the year of Constantine 11. On the other hand in the earlier part of Constantine I's reign, when Licinius was also Augustus, mentions of Constantine ll's years occur (e. g. P. Thead. 6), and in P. S. 1. 316, another fourth-century lease from Oxyrhynchus, but not dated by the consuls, Vitelli reads in 1. 4 [ro eVearoi] (eros) (eros) e (eruy). Here the 23rd and 5th years seem to refer to Constantine I and Constantius, and the undeciphered figure is probably ly, referring to Constantine II. In any case the 47 th and 29th years in 1632 are to be brought into line with the 23rd and 5th in P.S.I. 316, the [29th] and nth in P. S. I. 469, the 31st and 13th in 92, the 32nd (?) and [14th] in 1575, and now the 41st and 23rd in 1751; and the 47th year in 1632 presumably refers to the same reckoning as the 45th year in the unpublished papyrus in P. S. I. vi.

each figure has two strokes after it, as has at the end of 9. TO fvearos (eros) The 12th indiction is 353-4, and since the date3 ; but the sign for eVoj cannot be read. harvest is in the autumn, and indiction-years in Egypt generally began in the summer
:

(),

^

'

I

()

|

;

.

.

28

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
The whole

evidence of papyri concerning dalings by numbered years other than 323 to Julian's death is combined in the following table, which replaces that given in 1431. 5, n., where 92, 1431, and 1575 are placed a year too early. An asterisk denotes the papyri which are independently dated by the consuls. To show the connexion with the familiar 5th-7th century datings by eras at Oxyrhynchus a sixth-century specimen is added.
indictions during the period from the defeat of Licinius in

Starting-point of the yearly reckoning.

340

34.3

351

355

196536
1632.

LEASE OF A PALM-GROVE

29

years in the third column, starting from 324, refer to Constantius, who died on 361 {op. cit. iv. 1094), so that all the references to his regnal years in P. S. I. 3163, The reckoning by them continued in common use at 1695 belong to his lifetime. Oxyrhynchus after his death till the Arab invasion, thus forming an era, which was uniformly v. inf. associated with another era reckoned by the regnal years of Julian The years in the fourth column, starting from 333, refer to Constans, and all belong to

The

Nov.

;

his lifetime, his death taking place in Jan.

To

postpone for a

moment

350 {op. cit. iv. 952). the consideration of the fifth

and

sixth columns,

which

present great difficulties, the solitary example in the seventh column of a reckoning from 351 refers to Constantius (Gallus), who became Caesar under Constantius Augustus in 351 {op. cit. iv. 1066), and died in 354 {op. cit. iv. 1074) without becoming Augustus. second year ' in 1632 and the stateIt is true that there is an inconsistency between the ments of the Coiisularia Constantinop. and Chron. Pasch. (Mommsen, Chron. Min. i. 238) for if that date is correct, that the elevation of Gallus took place on the Ides of March 351 the new Caesar ought to have been recognized in Egypt before Thoth i (Aug. 29ih), 351, so that July 25, 353, the date of 1632, would belong to his third, not his second, regnal The figure is perhaps one of the mistakes which not infrequently occur in fourthyear. ' in the menfor y may be due to the occurrence of century datings in papyri {v. inf. ; tion of Gallus' consulate in 1. 3) ; but the evidence for March in preference to e. g. October The Consularia Conor November 351 as the date of Gallus' elevation is not very strong. stantinop. mention the events of 351 out of their normal chronological order, referring to the battle of Mursa (on Sept. 28) before the elevation of Gallus ; the Chron. Pasch. is decidedly confused about the chronology of this period, placing the batde of Mursa in 354, while Eutropius, x. 12. 2, Jerome, and Prosper (cf. Clinton, Fasti Rom. i. 420) place it before the Hence there is not much difficulty in supposing that Eutropius was elevation of Gallus. right in the sequence of events, and that the elevation of Gallus took place after the year
' ;

In any case it is quite unnecessary to assume Oxyrhynchus distinct from any regnal year. The years in the eighth column, starting from 355, refer to Julian, who became Caesar with Constandus as Augustus on Nov. 6, 355 {op. cit. iv. 1078), and Augustus on Nov. 3, 361 {v. sup.). After his death in 363 this reckoning along with that of Constantius Augustus remained in use at Oxyrhynchus until the Arab invasion. 1056 and 1695 both but 1057 belongs to his sole reign, fall within the period when Julian was only Caesar and the view that his regnal years in Egypt started from his accession as Caesar is supported not only by the analogy of the datings by both earlier and later fourth-century 7 th year'» in Socrat. iii. 2r and emperors, but by the references to his death in his This point is a matter of some interest; for in the previous absence of Eutrop. X. 16. any contemporary evidence concerning the mode of reckoning Julian's years, P. Fay. 20, a rescript of an unnamed emperor on the aurum corotiaritim, dated on Pauni 30 (June 24) of his ist year, was ascribed by Dessau {Rev. philol. xxv. 285) to Julian as against our

351-2

(the 28ih of Constantius)
'

had begun.

that the

second year

'

refers to a local era at

;

*'

Seeing that the dating in that papyrus is evidently it to Severus Alexander. Egyptian, Dessau's explanation comes into direct conflict with the new evidence, and since the handwriting of P. Fay. 20 certainly suggests an earler date than 362, his view seems to be hardly tenable any longer, though the Severus Alexander date too is admittedly open
ascription of
to objections.

There remain to be explained the fifth and sixth columns, the nth year reckoned from 340 in 1431 and the 8th year from 343 in P. S. I. vi, the two papyri being written in 351 within a few weeks of each other during the period when Constantius was reigning as Augustus alone after the death of Constans and before the elevation of Gallus to the rank of Caesar (z». sup^. In 1431 the other two joint years refer to the era of Constantine

30
and
it

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
the regnal year of Constantius respectively, and present no difficuldes ; but in P. S. I. vi remarkable that the regnal year of the Augustus Constandus is ignored, the era of
'

is

Constantine being the only other year associated with the mysterious 8th year '. These (i) The analogy of the isolated instances must be explained in one of three ways, other datings at this period would lead us to expect that both the nth and the 8th years In the East in 351 no other Augustus than refer to a reigning Augustus or Caesar. Constantius or other Caesar than Gallus is known, and, while neither of these is suitable, it is impossible in view of the well-known childlessness of the sons of Constantine I to suppose the existence of a Caesar ignored by the historians of this epoch. Hence if the nth year in 1431 and 8th year in P. S. I. vi refer to a reigning Augustus or Caesar, the There in the spring individual or individuals in question must have reigned in the West. of 351 the state of aflfairs was much disturbed, and the constitutional position not quite On Jan. 18, 350, Magnentius seized the purple in Gaul, and soon conquered Italy clear. and most of the western provinces except Illyria, where Vetranio assumed the purple. Constantius at first recognized both Vetranio, who made his submission at the end of 350, and Magnentius, who towards the end of 350 elevated his cousin Decentius to the rank of Constantius was not strong enough to attack the usurpers till the spring of 351, Caesar. 1431 the decisive battle of INIursa taking place on Sept. 28 of that year {pp. cif. iv. 1067). and P. S. I. vi therefore belong to the brief period when, owing to the recognition of Magnentius, a mention of him in Egyptian datings is possible; but there is the difficulty that the years in 1431 and P. S. I. vi are inconsistent with each other, and start fiom years (340 and 343) which have no apparent connexion vith Magnentius and his family. How long ]Magnendus had been in Gaul prior to his revolt seems to be unknown, but he would Hence the certainly be expected to have reckoned his regnal years from 350, not earlier. reference of the nth and 8th years to Magnendus as Augustus and one of his family as Caesar cannot be regarded as at all satisfactory, apart from the general improbability that in Egypt Magnentius' years were taken into account at all. (2) Another solution of the nth and 8th years refer to local eras observed at difficulty is to suppose that the Oxyrhynchus starting from 340 and 343, but not merely, as in the case of the eras of Constantine I, Constantius, and Juhan, forming a continuation of the regnal years of an Augustus after his death, Constantine II died shortly before April 9, 340 (cf p. 28), and since his regnal years, though certainly ignored in 92 (336), were mentioned in earlier papyri (z'. sup.\ the nth year in 1431 might be regarded as an era dating from liis death. This hypothesis, however, is open to the grave objection that Constantine II's death occurred several months before Thoth i (Aug. 29), 340, so that the figure of an era dating for the ist year from this event ought to have been at the date of 1431 12 not 11 ought to be April- August 28, 340, not a year ending Aug. 28, 341, as is implied in the case of the 45th and 27th years which are there associated with the nth. Hence (3), so long as the figures 1 1 in 1431 and 8 in P. S. I. vi remain unsupported, it is probably safest to regard them as erroneous. Mistakes in figures in connexion with the very complicated system of dating employed in fourth-century papyri are frequent, e.g. P. Grenf ii. 74. 7, where 17 is a mistake for i, and P. Strassb. 43. 13, where IvSktIovos is wrong. There is no reason to suppose that either the nth or the 8th year refers to the current indiction (the 9th), and the simplest change is to alter both figures and 8 to 18, and refer the year to Constans, on the hypothesis that for a dme after his death his reign became an era like that of Constantine I. There is no doubt concerning the reading la in 1431, and Vitelli is confident about the reading in P. S. I. vi, but it is not very difficult to suppose a scribe's omission of an t there between and . Fresh light may, however, be expected from the unpublished fourth-century material from Oxyrhynchus, which is very large. In the meantime it is sadsfactory that the era of Constantine I is established, and

two

;

1632.

LEASE OF A PALM-GROVE

31

the origin of the two principal Oxyrhynchite eras dating from 324 and 355 is explained. The Christians may have preferred the one, the pagans the other, but they were always used together, and it is remarkable that the memory of the Apostate should have been kept alive for three centuries.

where the use of the singular is clear, and 1631. 21, n. word in a description of a place is not elsewhere attested, and it should perhaps be printed as a name. 18. The traces of letters at the beginning of this line are irreconcilable with a number in hundreds, and the figures in 1. 22 seem to be meant for A of 8,000 talents, though the
10.
cf.
1.

1 2.

:

i6,

:

the use of this

is not quite exact; cf 11. 21-2, n. 19-20. e7rt[So];^i5f the readings of the faint traces are all rather uncertain, hut this clause is usual at this point; cf. e. g. 102. 18, 103. 16. ': i of 8,ooo talents is 2,666§ talents, but the fourth figure is clearly , 21-2. not $•. The fifth is very like the first and suggests 'B (2,000 drachmae) rather than '. The scribe seems to have regarded the remainder in the tens to be divided by 3 as 10 instead of 20, and so to have put 3^ instead of 6§. Whether three Suae is were at regular intervals throughout the year, or were all made between Mesore (the month of the lease) and Hathur (the month of the date-harvest) is not clear. The remains of 1. 23 rather suggest i, e. a clause referring to the return of the land in good condition (cf. e. g. 1631. But in 31), and in that case there is hardly room in 1. 23 for a mention of later months. ]. 21 the formula is unusual, and the restoration of 11. 21-3 is in the absence of a close

arithmetic

'

([(

.

.

.

:

/)[|,

parallel uncertain

(c)

Sales

and

Cessions.

1633.

Bid for Purchase of Land from the State.
29-3

X

7-9 cm.
(cf.

A.D. 275.

A

bid from Aurelius Serenus also called Sarapion
(1.

1631.

1,

n.)

for

the purchase of unsold State land

8, n.),

which

w^as originally private land
(1.

but
n.).
),

had been confiscated, perhaps on account of its being left unsovi^n Similar applications are 370 (probably the last word is to be restored
721, 835, 1188.

^'?
12,

8-26
;

(the last three addressed to the idiologus), P.

Amh.

68.

strategus),

17-24, 97, and Brit. Mus. 1157 verso, i (iii. no) (all three addressed to the SB. 5673 and cf. 513, a receipt for the repayment of the price of con-

by a higher bidder. Those documents all belong to the first century, except P. Brit. Mus. 1157, SB. 5673, and 513, which are of the second century, so that 1633 is much the latest of the series. The formula presents some novelties, and, since the ends of lines are lost throughout, the restorations are in one or two places doubtful, especially as the Greek is poor and the constructions are liable to become confused (11. 7-8, 38-30, nn.). One or two lines are missing at the beginning, so that the title of the official who is addressed is not preserved but he was doubtless the strategus or basilicogrammateus, not the idiologus, for a docket appended by him to the end of the
fiscated house-property to the first purchaser
;

32

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
who
gives the

application suits a local, not an Alexandrian,
strategus

^.
is

official,

and

in 513.

4

it

is

the

of the 6th year of Aurelian,

date of this docket, Mesore 30 (Aug. 23) important for determining the chronology of that
int., p.

The

emperor, and has already been discussed in 1476.
[

233.

5

-] \[ [ ? ^![]7 [ []9 [][9 ^^ [\ [•)(\. \£ [\ ? [€6€[] {
fi\a

'A\ya6eivou

9

6[€].

Q>s

^
e^,
€/c

^eprjv\^ov

....
?

TOvSe

15

€[ ] €[ 2 [\9 [][ ][, € [ ]€ [^ 6[,] [€] ([5 Tas
dva[i\

? €, [ [, []
[

[9 9, []

^\ [
[('

([

tols

[]• €\
[]

[
<7

as vni-

25

[]
[\

[' [ []€ [
[\

€[ €]
[6]

Toh

[€]'
3
€[][].

' [ €[6 [] [ {
[3
?

[>

-

?]<;

?)

?

[][

[(eVouy)

\[

1633.

BID FOR PURCHASE OF LAND FROM THE STATE

2nd hand
36

3rd hand

\\ [] [< {\) 8. €€{) 8()
.[\•[6\
Il[e]prjv[o9]

€[].[\

€[ ([ [] €[ ^€[]
.

.

33

€()

[erovs)

7•

1.
.

[$
from
*

.

\\(. . •>^\\.
.

,
q
.

Mea-oprj

.
1.

II.
'•

i<

.

1 6.

3°•

/3[][]' ?.

33•

/[]. '^{'.

25—6.
39•

1.

e/xo]i

?"

COrr.

e.

from Aurelius Serenus also called Sarapion, son of Agathinus, of the and most illustrious city of Oxyrhynchus. I wish to outbid Aurelius Serenus cammon, who promised to buy 6 arourae of private unsown land belonging to son of the unsold property of the Government, formerly owned by Sarapion son of Zoilus in the and Menodorus, and area of the village of Paimis in this nome in the holdings of Th cles, making 11 arourae in all, in accordance with 5 arourae in the holding of instructions of his excellency the dioecetes, Julius Monimus, adding to the 660 drachmae, which Serenus promised for the price, 140 drachmae of the increase, making the price including the increase 800 drachmae, which sum I will pay on ratification to the public bank of the nome with the extra charges, in order that the land may remain the property of myself and my successors guaranteed against all risks and free from any imposition or inquiry, which offer is to be valid, because this increased bid is guaranteed from the Treasury (?).' Date, signature of the applicant, and official docket Publicly exposed and registered in the 6th year Mesore 30 '.
.
. .

To
.
.

illustrious

.

.

.

.

.

'

5-6.

25

evfKa

accusative

a sum Avould be expected, as in 1. 17, but the Apparently the scribe started the sentence with the intention of mentioning the higher bid, but proceeded as if he had begun with the usual formula in 7-8.
after
is

? ]:
apovpas
:

^'.

cf.

1.

19, n., P. Halle 14. 3
. .
.

' [\€ .
:

€\\6\

Uerevufjios,

and 513.

(1.

13).

applications of this kind,
8.
ev anparoLs

[]' 8\^( ,
in

SO 513. 7
1

G. U.

in 513. 7 'unsold', which is II. The present passage confirms our translation of supported by Rostowzevv, Kolon. 150, against Preisigke's translation (P. Strassb. i, p. 55) not for sale '. 10. Uaf\ipLv cf. 1699, a contract for the purchase of house-property at this village by are inadmissible, and Aur. Serenus also called Sarapion, and 1629. 8, n. at perhaps one of those two villages occurs in 1534. 2. though a 12. Mr/1 cf. the preceding n. (sO better than cf. G. U. 703. 8-9
'

.{)
5

cf.

8. 4,

((^

18

{^
in

. G. U.

lOgi.

3,

in P. Ryl.

2 1 7.

18[\
[.

^/
,]

\\

[

:

:

ap{ovpai)

vvvl

Land sold by The circumstance

P. Flor. 64. 7, 1 5, &C. category (e. g. P. the State generally belonged to the

\

.

[],

18[)

that

here immediately follows

18{) €[) {). Amh. 68. to the 18[, which
refers

()) {)
3).

D

:

34

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

previous, not to the existing, condition of the land, suggests that the land in question was taken over by the State just because it was unsown by its owner. rois this COnneCtS with . in 1. 5; cf. 513. 28 15-17.

8(8 6\
see
cf,

certainty in the absence of a parallel.

^: . [ ,^ [
. .

^

On

the dioecetae of this period

1409 and 1412.
19.

intt.
of.

:

1.

2 1,

P. Tebt. 6 1

((5).

408, 302. 14.

The

usual

word

is

eVWc/xa

P. Ryl. 97. 5, n. : 24.

€[(
The

27-8.
28.

)]•.
'.

cf.

cf,

513. 12, n. P. Ryl. 202.
513, 45) 57

I, n.,

Rostowzew, Kolon. 195, Oertel, Liturgie 103,
f'JT'Jcrif

cf.

^'"''

''"'^

Trept

{)
€7
Tas

is something new, and cannot be restored with suppose tJtis to refer to a word like or understood (cf. e. g. 1630. 20), not to could be read, but is very appropriate. is very doubtful or , but not , can be read instead of t. [eivai being understood), unless /36/3[][] seems to be a mistake for was meant. The supposed second jS is very insecure, being unlike the first. 32-4. The titles of Aurelian agree with those in 1455. 20-5, dated in Phaophi 21 of

28-30.

last

clause

€8 [

We

.

,

.

.

.

[]

[€].

{)[

:

the 7th year.
37• TrpoeTedijjj
cf.

P.

Amh.

85• 18 eau

(\

.
1634.
24-1

)
The only

;

TTJvbe rijs

Sale of Mortgaged House-Property.
4•3 cm.
A.D. 222.

This papyrus, which is of considerable juristic interest, is a sale of houseproperty and building-land at Oxyrhynchus, which had been made security II, .) for a loan from the purchaser to the vendors of a talents 1. The full price of the property being 3 tal. 3,600 dr., only the 3,600 drachmae.

{,
in

balance of

i

talent

was actually paid.

papyri

is

1701, also a contract for sale of mortgaged

( ])
direct

parallel

for this in

house-property,
interest.

which the balance was paid after deducting two loans with accrued

Usually, where a loan on mortgage w^as not repaid
tance of the government;
Mitteis,

at the proper time, the

creditor took possession of the hypothecated property after calling in the assiscf.

Grimdz. 158-65, Schwartz, Hypothek uud
(iii.

Hypallagma 67 sqq.
is

house-property to his creditor

no mention of a mortgage, and similarly there is where three of loans are cancelled as part payment of the purchasemoney of house-property. As Rostowzew obsei-ves, there may be an indirect reference to such sales as 1634 and 1701 in the clause commonly found in loans on mortgage (e.g. P. Flor. i. 8) )' erepots Besides a few lines lost at the end, the beginnings of lines are missing

.

In P. Brit. Mus. 1164 (k)
in

166

;

212) a debtor cedes

place of the loan

and interest, but there none in C. P. R. 9 (270-1),

.

.

.

-

1634.

SALE OF MORTGAGED HOUSE-PROPERTY
length of the lacunae
is

35

throughout.
tions in 8
11.

The
5, 9,

considerable, amounting,

if
11.

the restora1-7, about

and 15-16 are
11.

correct, to

about 107

letters in

more

letters

being lost in
in
11.

26-7, 13

more
in
1.

9-10, 13, 16, 10 more in 11. 8, 11-12, 18-19, 22-3, 14-15, 17, 20-1, 23 more in 11. 25-6, 25 more in 11. 27-31, and
general sense of the contract
is,

30 more
1701
is

24.

The

however,

clear, and,

though

also too incomplete to be of great assistance,

much

of the formula can be

restored from the ordinary third-century sales of house and landed property from Oxyrhynchus, 1200. 14-43, 1208. 6-28, 1276, 1475. 10-40, 1697-1700, P. Giessen 100. At the end is appended a copy of a (1. 2 , .), which is here apparently an application to some official from one of the two vendors concerning the appointment of a representative to act for them, not a contract with such a representative like 1642-3 but it is hopelessly mutilated. The buyer, Claudia Isidora also called Apia, who also acts through an intermediary, is mentioned in several papyri of A.D. 218-22 (cf. 1630. 3, n.), and there is hardly any doubt that the reigning emperors (1. 20) were Elagabalus and Severus Alexander,
;

the year being apparently the 5th, not the 4th

which distinctly suggests an

of the Philippi, supports this view.

1

2

3

4

5

]\8 ^^ ' , ^ ?^ ^ ,^ , ^ ^€ [ €^ ^ ^ ^
(1.

11, n.).

The

handwriting,

earlier date

in

the third century than the reign

[

[

?. — —
Se

[\^

[]9

tols

vos

]/

[Sia

[

€]}

€6€ —

,

8

€-

—]
?

eJTT

6 \yiiov

7

[Ai/3oy

, —
,

[]

[]\ ^
ael

yaipeiv.


.

,

S)v

^ ,

kv

Trj

'

-,

]

.

.

.

[

]€,

S)v

^

]

D

2

1

— —

36
8
[

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
9

[89

,

?

9
,]

1

[ ]• [
?
[
,

8])(^

1 2

13

\ ] [
5e

/ ,^ ^/, \
/39

,

rfjs

8)(^

]6
,

14

[ €[
[
[
[

15 [k^

6

17

1

8

19

[[ [][ [[ ], , [ ]

kv
?

[]^

^ "? - €)€
erei

— '

-

Sapa-

?

]€
[]•

][]

]

]

]

koav kvo [] ] - ,]

— [] —
?

?]

]
[.
.

[.•.]•

[•

-V^•

"""^'^

^^ "^^^
.]

20

21
22

23 24

]] [
]

— [] — ()

[],

[]
[•

•]

[•

[
[

25

[ [
]
....[.
[

26

.] [ <[] ] []
6[]

— —

.

]

.

[]

[]

[]

]
.

^

?


[]

.

.

?

][] [\[-

1

[][

1634.
27

SALE OF MORTGAGED HOUSE-PROPERTY

\ 5)(9
[

28
29

[

3
31

[

— — —

]

[

][
]
.

€]
.

avy

[.

.

[.

]
.
.

^^ —
<\^
€[

37

]

.

$•

.[•]•.

?]^y

vqs

]j7<a

(erouy)

8[

32

[

]/[

5 and 10.
1-17•

.

13•

^.

1 8.

,

.

.
.

of a deed of security written in triplicate with the signatures appended daughters of ... n, late eutheniarch of the most illustrious city of Alexandria and however he was styled, Romans and citizens (of Alexandria), both acting through the representative appointed by a deed of representation made ., as stated below in the appended copy, Titus Aelius Maximus, to Claudia Isidora also called Apia, daughter of., .and as he was styled, through Aurelius Saras, senator of Oxyrhynchus and as he is styled (?), greeting. acknowledge that we have sold to you from the present time for ever the stone house and court, with a cellar underneath, and appurtenances owned by us at the said city in the Gooseherds' quarter, ... of which the adjacent areas are on the south ., on the north the land of you, Claudia Isidora also called Apia, on the east a public road, on the west areas ., of all of which the adjacent ., and vacant ground are on the south the land formerly belonging to Saraeus ., on the north ., on the west a public road, on the east the land of Herodiaena also called Sarapias (?), at the price agreed upon between us for the aforesaid house, appurtenances, and vacant spaces, 21,600 drachmae reckoned against (?) 2 tal. of Imperial silver coin, which make 3 talents 3,600 dr., 3,600 dr. owed to you by us in accordance with a deed executed ... in the last year but one, the third, Thoth, upon the security of our names from you ., and we have received on the spot from hand to hand in full the balance of the price, i talent, ., and I, Aelius Maximinus, being present in the Oxyrhynchite nome, by my own pledge in accordance with You are therefore to possess and own the landed property the deed of representation sold to you, and appropriate all the profits obtained from it from the present year onwards, and have power to use and administer it as you choose, and we are bound to deliver it to you and your successors guaranteed always against all claims with every guarantee, and free from persons' property-returns and the cultivation of royal or patrimonial land, and from every obligation or debt of any kind and all other liabilities .' whatsoever. .
'

to

it.

Copy ... and

.

.

.

.

We

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

vnoy cf. B. G. U. 7 1 o, a fragment of, apparently, a sale, with a 1 appended in 11. 13-16 (cf. 1. 20, n.) and numerous signatures following in 11. 17-31. 2. For the restoration of the initial lacuna cf. 1. 21. the coUocation, which is unusual, is probably intended, as Rostowzew observes, to distinguish ihe sisters, who belonged to a family of high standing, from the newly created Aurelii, who were not called (c/. Wilcken, C/ir. 35. i. 9, n.).

'
3.

:

:

[

person (as also happens here in
hia
official

iv

avrfj

docket)

' {5) ^), ( ((
:

505
1.

is

arranged differently, the representative using the
. .
. .

I

3)

'! ^,

.

.

"^

first

'.

but

cf.

)

and 1646.

22

and

P.

715. 35 (^'^ Gen. 44. 29 81

38


25.

.

.

.

Cf.

-,
1.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

20, n.
:

For Claudia Isidora see int. is called Can be omitted, but cf. 11. 2 and 4. A shorter restoration, moreis guaranteed hy in 1. 14; cf. over, is not wanted; cf. 11. 15—16. might be added after it, as in 1200. 17, 1276. 5, 13, 1699. 13, 23. could be added after in 1. 9, as in 1208. 8, 1475. 13, in which case ml But even in the third century it was an alone). 1208. 15, 1475. 24 (in 1200. 22 and cf. 1636. int. occasional practice to have distinct contracts for cf. 11. 24 and 29, and for cf. 1699. 8-9, 7-9. For 1701. 13-14• 1701. 10. is merely a guess to express the sense and account for the accusative. and About 56 letters are lost between 15 is equally incomplete.
in
1.

1

3 he

5.

.
is

also USed,

6. g. in

243.

I,

and

in 727.

^
C.

;

.

.

' [, : ]}.
P. Brit.

Mus. Il64(^)• 8—10 has
. .

.

( \)

. R.

^
.

'^

9 ^^'
.

'"^

^^
cf.

.

,

.

11.

eVi

cVi

term than
i^ovTOS

to the registration of the

are inadmissible and the traces and is certain. The custom at Oxyrhynchus was to use the aorist not the perfect suit Severus Alexander was not associated as Caesar with with (tos. participle of Elagabalus (cf. 1. 20 and int.) until July 221 {Pi'osopogr. Imp. Rom. i. 215), i.e. near the end of the latter's 4th year, so that 1634, being dated on Mecheir 25 (Feb. 19), cannot belong The 5th year is also indicated probably by 1. 30, where the sign for ctos seems to that year. to be connected with the following e, not with the preceding 12. If there was a reference to interest on the loan, it may have occiured here. In 1701. 18-20 the interest is reckoned separately and added to the capital, which was not done here. From the cf. 11. 27 and 29, where this word recurs in obscure contexts. 13. iv a kind of fiduciary sale (cf. P. Ryl. 160 {c). int.), 1634 is quite much discussed

,

^
in
.
:

,

yeyowmv

.

:

cf.

Rabel, Zeitschr. 1701. 1 5— 1 6

d.

Savigiiy-Stift. xxviii. 313.
(1.
.

Here

eVi

1701, but the sense is probably not very diflferent. is used with reference to a contract of the nature of a
(sc.
;

, ,
.

\
.

/^
.

.
. .

.

-)

yeyoi/uias

Corresponds tO which is a wider
in

506. 49

cf.

Schwartz, Op.
in the
:

cit. 1

erei

]

^
46-7.

f

];^'[^1
;

There may have been a reference
in
1.

12

cf.

1.

25, n.
;

.

distinct.

1699.

as in 1698. 13, may well have Occurred before Giessen 100. 14-15. cannot be read, the vestige but the usual order is One of the two verbs may have been omitted. of a letter suiting only or s. cf. 1698. 15-16, P. Flor. I. 7, and for aipfj 15. For 1699. 15, p. Giessen 100. 17. Line 18 of the last-mentioned papyrus is to be restored
14.
.

: , oya
.

12, P.

,\

.

,
\

[
[
6.

[

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Cf. e.g. 1699.

18,

1700. 13-14•
vi^v

read and restored

for with 17-20. Here 1634 diverges from the usual formula of a sale, and evidently deals with may have folloV,ed in 1. 1 7, but the wiping out of the debt. is more likely to have come in the lacuna in 1. 19, especially if [. .] [. .]r is possible) corresponds to the usual conclusion
.

}
.

Giessen

.

\

.,

\]7 .

15-17 should probably be

-

.

([]^]

intp.

(e.g. 1698. 26). The rest of 1. 19 may be part of a signature of the vendors or their representative. If eVep. occurred in 1. 20 before the date, the Emperors' names there can hardly have been given in full, since they require 107 letters, and to this hypothesis there is the objection that the abbreviation of the titles of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander neither occurs in papyri of their joint reign, nor would be expected in a contract so elaborate as 1634.

.
20.

1634.

SALE OF MORTGAGED HOUSE-PROPERTY

39

.

3- 1 6, where the remains indicate that the 71, SB. 4651, 4653 (all from the Great Oasis and mentioned in 505. 2 (cf. using the third person in place of the second). The 1. The other third-century documents of this character, 1274, 3, n.) is not preserved. The remains using the second person. 1642-3, B. G. U. 1093, ^^'^ ordinary of 11. 21-32 do not contain anything corresponding to the usual formula of a contract with apparently began with a name in a representative, and the circumstance that this in 1. 22) and the name of one of the two vendors (cf. the dative followed by suggests that the person addressed was a high official (the praefect ?), not the representative, who is, moreover, possibly alluded to in the third person in 1. 27 (cf. n.). That a contract of representation of the usual character was appended to the application in the lost in general see Wenger, Die Stellvertretung conclusion of 1634 is improbable. On im Rechie der Papyri. 22-3. is extremely doubtful. The word before YXavhla would be expected to be an infinitive meaning sell or cede '. "[vrow or ^row can be read, but suggests no
:

cf.

. G. U.

710.

1

was a document similar

to P. Grenf.

ii.

€,

[]

suitable word.
25. 28.

archives 713

gage begins
30.

probably the 5th year (of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander), not That the Emperors' names followed is the 2 1 St year (of Caracalla), is meant; cf. 1. 11, n. therefore seems to be the unlikely, since the remains of 1. 31 do not belong to a date. can be , but no other letter. termination of a perfect. The doubtful of
(Jetovs)
e
:

]
.

)3]
(= M.

'

'

'

.

.

(]{]€
cf.

:

cf.

1.

II,

., and for the registration of a

Chr. 314).
:

]((^)

P. Flor. 56. II, where a petitioner for the execution of a mortsee 1636. 4^-3' "' For

[]\€.
[

]

at the

1635.

Cession of Catoecic Land.

A
5th.

fragment of a cession

the reign of Cleopatra

VI

of catoecic land by a cavalry soldier in with Caesarion, i. e. in some year between her 9th and

()

14x11-3 cm.

44-37

B.C.

Plate II.

Near the end of her 8th year she was still associated with Ptolemy XV (1629. i), and from her i6th year onwards she was associated with, probably,

Antony

(cf.

1453. 23,

n.).

The only extant

datings of the period of association
i,
n.).

with Caesarion belong to the
the beginning of
1.

i,

nth which may have

year (1629.
projected

by

2 or 3 letters beyond
11.

26 letters are lost at 11. 2-15.

At

the ends of the lines about 50 letters are lost in

i

and 13-14, 4

letters

No other Ptolemaic cession less in 11. 2-12, and 2 letters more in 1. 15. of catoecic land is extant, but the general construction and sense of 1635 can be restored from three Oxyrhynchus cessions of catoecic land in the earlier Roman

40
period, P. S.
I.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
320
(18),

Ryl. 159 (31-2), and

504

(early

2nd

more complete than 1635 and adhere
addition to (or possibly in place of)
various kinds

closely to the Ptolemaic formula.

acquirer of the land seems to have undertaken to pay the
(11.

1

8 letters

2

20 letters

[
26
?

] ] ,,
,

? ]^ ['\ [ ] ] 6[ ]
the usual
(504.
i.

lo-i i,

n.),

with regard to which the owner was probably

,

,

cent.),

which are
In
the
i8)

e.

taxes of

]

in arrears.

[

5'

?

[86 —

'

letters

[] —

9[

^
?

,

]—
? ?

],

'

[
]

[ ],

,

[ [

letters

Jfoi;

26 letters
15
L

]

.

27

®"
.

[
^4•]
is

]
I.

.

[

-

,]
]

[— [

is

]

[,
{—

[

7

from

not quite certain that the correction
cf.

in a different hand.

1-2. For the restorations
3.
:

ayvMs

[( \€ !,
cf.

P. S.

549.

2,

1629. 1-4.

1628-

5, n.

as in 1628. 8, 1629.

.

may

have followed, and then

1635.

CESSION OF CATOECIC LAND

'

41

4-5. Cf. P. S. I. 320. 5-7, Ryl. 159. 5-7, 504. 8-10, as restored in P. Ryl. 159. 5-7, n. The is to be restored in the place of two last papyri name lost is that of the'owner of the land. 366 (probably 14-15, not 41-2), a fragment of ,]1\[\ a similar cession of catoecic land at Paimis, has
(in the

€€).

corresponding tO 1. 5• 5-6. Cf. p. S. I. 320. 9-10, Ryl. 159. 8, 504. lo-ii. After the number of the arourae, which was probably small (cf. 1. 7, n.), there may have been something corresponding to ytapyov eK ..[...]. [.] P. S. I. 320. II-12 can also be read on the cf. e.g. P. Tebt. 383. 22. 6-7- For but analogy of e.g. B. G. U. 1037. 29. The other Oxyrhynchus cessions omit the
ro'is

'

^^
,
comes
.
, .

^
;

[
;

\

give the
7.

yeiVoi/e?,
:

which were probably mentioned here in 11. 7-8 cf. 1. 8, n. the was the side of an aroura and 100 cubits in length.

.,
lacuna was
cf.

piece of land was apparently oblong, the number of arourae was 5.
8. perhaps 12—13, where
:

and

if

the

number

of

lost in the

/

yeiroves 8e

at the end.

in P. Ryl. 1 59. 15-16 and to rat are more The in 504. 15-16. (not (the edd. of P. Ryl. 159 suggest both probably 'boundary-marks' than 'title-deeds'

, €[?
46),

8-9. For iva a word of 5 or 6 letters some kind recovered'
'

is sufficient.

£]
8ia

(
cf.

\
'
]

Tiiis

,

for cultivation;
iii.

in P. Petrie 20.
cf.
1.

though

ceding the land.

[
n.j,

suggested by Rostowzew, is perhaps better than where the subject of l^ei seems to be the person ols 9 That phrase with the datives following corresponds to

12-13.

€ [,
(1.
I

6 ",
cf.

P. Ryl.

1

59.

1 4,

504. 13-I4. Before probably refers to land of

P. Tebt. 61 {b). 127

....

\

I

.

.

.

.

\

€[ ^}€ (€^(. ^
interpretations).

9-10. For about 9 letters between

.

.

.

(
.

()
cf.

)
']
Stv

,
enough
is
is

504.

and the

P. Ryl.

1

59-

lO-I I.

Cf. P. Ryl. 159.

18-19

in talents of

copper

.?)

[]
1.

and 504. 17-20
(?)

€[
[a]vff

]
']

preceding about 55
certain,

and

after

[\

letters
if

to

and

the end of

line),

Roman
13-14
13

times were called

due from the person who by Spartacus of the but in payment of a makes the cession is, we suppose, supplementary to his 1. 1 1 might be restored, in which case the payment of the hv and there was some longer phrase than would take the place of a

^^^
'
in
1.

'

.\
lO.
.

]

be accounted lo is 1.

(poSSibly
(cf.

here are clearly, as in

The payment

\\

[:

if

\

the word beginning e [ infinitives, the subject being the person

19-20,

is right,

) [ , \ , , ,
and
Cf. the next n.

(^ ["[\
Two

(

Siv,

and 504.

[
1
1.

6-1 7, where there is a lacuna of participles are 1 7, where the

occurs in the signature

.

[]
'4(

{}

(a

SUm

m

participles in

there remain before (or avff hv for. rightly restored, there is room for e.g.

] {,\
with

are quite

(cf.

the

inadmissible)
practically

1.

504.

what 13, dues to the king, corresponding to For this use of the term cf. P. Tebt. 29. 24).

\

in the preceding

m

and 14.

I

\

. G.

1.

9°•

.

.

which is restored from P. Ryl. 1.59• probably a verb connecting with the following who cedes the land, and a quite short word would
.
.

is

suffice, for

may have been

written after

(cf.

P. Ryl. 159. 20).

The

42
letter

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
e

following
likely to

seems
'

to begin with a vertical stroke,

i.

e.

,

,
',

, or

.

is

more

mean

for his lifetime

a parallel the context remains obscure.

what precedes without 12-13. For
13.

remains of these two lines do not correspond to the formula of P. Ryl. 159. 14-15. 24-8, 504. 24-9.

[]\ The

\

altering the text.
.

.

.

:

cf.

11.

lO-II, n.

]
1636.

'

than
It
is

'

for his livelihood
difficult

but in the absence of to connect with

\

cf.

P. Ryl.

1

59. 21-3,

504. 21-3.

Cession of Land.

contract for the cession 1. 33) of § aroura of corn-land at Seruphis, a village in the Western toparchy (1285. 71), from Aurelius Serenus
also called Sarapion
first clear
(cf. 1631. i, n.), in return for 400 drachmae. This is the example from Oxyrhynchus of a third-century cession as distinct from In 1200. 16, 1208. 8, and 1475. 13 a sale. and are combined. The land is not stated to have been catoecic, but since it formed part

A

{9,

35 X

1

1-2

cm.

^-

of a Kkrjpos

it

may

^
price.

A.D. 249.

have belonged to that category,
in e. g. C. P.

like the lands

which are the

subjects of contracts of

R. 6 (238) and B. G. U. 94 (289). In place of the usual signature of the person ceding the land there is the signature of the other party, acknowledging the cession, which is here called a
is

1704 (298)

apparently another contract of cession, but with a

.

somewhat

different formula, in
cent.) is the

1703 (3rd as the principal verb. 1702 (290) may be a sale or cession or both combined, but the fragmentary P. Giessen ^i (202; also from Oxyrhynchus), where in 1. 6 refers to the object of the contract, is probably parallel to 1703 rather than a sale. The bearing of the new evidence concerning
beginning of a similar contract, but with

which there seems to be no mention of a

[4
discussed in
[

is

11.

42-3,

[] [9 []
5
[e/y
[

]
n.

^epfjvos 6

\\\8

\^
]s

[]

[]]
]

^^

^ ^

yjiovov

k\y

]&

[]

^ ^

)? -

yaip^iv.

-

\\86

1636.
10

CESSION OF LAND

[[) 2!]<[\9 [ ^\] [()] ?

[ [] , ^
]
.

rjfXL

]€9
,]

[][]

[.

15

[Xi]j8[o]y

[]€[9
[/i]arop

2

[
[]
[]

[ ]9 ^
//]e[po]us'

[]

,
rfs

^^)
5e

7[v]s

?

43

(€9)

0X779 yeiToves

9,

? [•)(\

a[pyYjpio[v
paKo[&\ia[^]

5[pa)(];iay

\\
Toh

, -^e^

][ []€9 [ ]9
Trj

[(]69,

k^cyovoi^

[\

[]6
efy /i€

25

[]
[]9

[\

€6[6]

€[]€, \ €€[]
a[o^p
<f

{\

€ 6[]9 , [\ €€[]

[]
i^Tovs)

\\
(eTovs)

^ [€]
-

,

^()€9

^
ۥ

[]

[
35

? , , ? .
e[i\va[i

kav

]9 [] ^, , ) €9
[]€, ?
[]
(erouy)

[ ]€[]9

[]

€69

(eroyy)

dvai

€[] € ] €€)

^€

(cTOfy)

and hand

[] ^^ []
.

[] ^

['\

,^

-

44

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

\>\6•\.
45
\pTl^

kn
elSoTOS

[
23.

].
after

^

OS ZcotXos

1.

for

.

"€\
6
27.

.
.
.

45•

^^.

Aurelius Serenus also called Sarapion, son of Agathinus and Taposirias, of Oxyrhynchus, to Aur. Panesneus son of Ptollis and An village of Seruphis, ., of the greeting. I acknowledge that I have ceded to you from the present time for ever from my property by right of purchase in the area of the said Seruphis in the holding of ., consisting of the f part of i aroura of corn-land overgrown with rushes, after deducting the I part which I sold to the sons of Aurelius Sotion, ex-gymnasiarch of the said city, and to son of Stephanus, ex-gymnasiarch of the said city, the remaining l part formerly owned by Catillianus also called Varus, of all of which the adjacent areas are on the south . ., on the north a field, on the east private land of other persons, on the west land of you, to whom the cession is made, and I have received on the spot from you straightway from hand to hand the sum agreed upon between us for the cession of the said ^ part, 400 drachmae of Imperial coin, and I am bound to deliver the § aroura to you and your descendants and successors guaranteed from claims made against you in my name or by any other person in my name, you being satisfied with the guarantee of the said i aroura which I received from my above-mentioned predecessor, Catillianus also called Varus, which land I am also to deliver to you free from the taxes paid upon it and imports of all kinds up to the past 6th year and including the said 6th year, because the profits of it from the present ist year onwards, belong to you, to whom the cession is made, who are also responsible for the taxes of all kinds from the said ist year onwards. This deed of cession, of which there are two copies, is valid ; and whenever you choose you are to publish it through the record oflSce without requiring my concurrence, because 1 hereby agree to the publication to be made by you ; and having been asked by you the formal question whether this is done rightly and fairly I gave my consent. The i st year of the Emperor Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Trajanus Pius Felix Augustus, Choiak i. I, Aur. Panesneus, have received the convej-ance, as stated above, &c.'
'

.

.

.

.

.

.

II.

•[(^]) [{^\.
:

OT

13• [KartXXtaiOJu

258,
1 1.

is

possibly the
:

same person.
in

21.

1475. 29
. .

There
23-5.
29.

is

also

an
sc.

ellipse of
.

cf. 1475. 30, 1702. 1 2-1 3. of the Philippi. a: this date (Nov. 28) is the earliest mention of Decius in Egypt. 41. The Philippi entered on a 7th year in Egypt, as is proved by P. Brit. Mus. 950-1 (no month) and coins but Decius was Augustus on Oct. 16, 249, according to Cod. Justin. 42-3. i. e. the conveyance has been made to me cf. 1704. 25, and on in general Mitteis, Grundz. 1 7 7-8. His remarks require modification in the light of the new evidence (cf. int.) ; for is now known from 1703 to occur in third-century contracts of cession, and in the signatures of 1636 and 1704 means not the contract by which the land is conveyed, but, as is indicated by as the actual cession itself, so that it is something more than a relationsweiser Ausdruck fiir die Auflassung '. But the new evidence supports Mitteis in his rejection of Preisigke's view
:

, {[]
: '

:

cf.

1.

25.

Ovapiavos in 1201. 16,

who
;

died in

\.
as often, before
in
1.

cf.

1702.

27.

(erovs):

;

[]

'

:

-,

€,

'

1636.

CESSION OF LAND

Abetter disrefers to registration in the public archives. {Girowesen 441) that cussion of the term has now been provided by Partsch in his commentary on P. Freiburg 8, He a contract for the sale of slaves in 143, which mentions nepl not as Niederschrift (so Mitteis), but as * die rechtsgeschaftliche Anerexplains see kennungserklarung die der Verausserer in der Urkunde abgibt '. For
'

'

.
A. D.

45

1697. 33 and

n.

(d)

Divisions of Property.

1637.

Division of
27-6

Landed Property.
cm.
257-9.

XI 1-6

the verso of 1531, a taxing-list of payments in corn, is a much abbrecopy of a contract for the division of landed property in the Oxyrhynchite and Hermopolite nomes among five persons, including a brother and sister (11. 1-2) and probably two brothers (11. ^-6). How the property, which is described came into the possession of the contracting in quite general terms as an was divided by the contract into two halves, of which parties does not appear it one was assigned to the three men in proportions which are not preserved, the details (11. 19-20) being for the most part omitted, while the other half was assigned to the two women, who receive | and \ respectively of the whole, the All the details (11. 27-36) presenting some new geographical information. parties to the contract were acting with or through some one else, and the

On

viated

,

:

technical distinctions of phraseology with regard to various kinds of guardianship The division was made in accordance with the decision are noticeable (1. 3, n.).

of a judge appointed
praefect in

first vice-praefect and then and Lesquier, Varmie romaine 517). 257-9 9; The title of this judge, a centurion who was princeps of the praefect's staff, is of some interest (1. 10, n.). The writing reaches the end of a column, but may have been continued in a second column, for the papyrus is broken vertically on the right-hand side, and the ends of lines are missing throughout. That the length
(1.

by Mussius Aemilianus, who was
cf.

1468. 1-2,

n.,

of the lacunae sometimes extended to 15-20 letters
certain restorations in
11.

is

indicated

by

practically

17-18 and 24; but some lines (e.g. 12, 14, 22) were probably shorter, and abbreviations may have been used more extensively than we have supposed. The writing becomes larger towards the bottom of the column. Other contracts from Oxyrhynchus concerning division of property are P. Ryl.
156
"(ist cent.),

503

(118),

^-^ 6{)

1278 (214), 1638 (282)

'! [
;

cf.

also 1721 (187).

?

46
\8.\(>

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

5

[

]9 {), [ '0^]^ ?, {)'{) ^)
[
[

']€8
]

6{€)
y

\ € (€?) 67[
17 letters
]
[

\[) \[)
5e

€[()
[

1

8 letters

6 letters

'HpaKXeiapos

?

[]8

\
15

.
'
'

' ^) ^{) )[ [) {) {) [€ {) ^ [ €[[ {) [ , [ {) [
[.
. .

.'^[.]

^{)
[

€9

(.)

[ ^[]
(€)
,

[9

evSoK{ovpTOs)

\{)

\6 letters

e|

€{€)
?

-

€ {] \
Koivrj

',

',

?

ev

{) ^{) .

17 letters

^
.

{)

[

*
{)

[
\1

?

.,

()
''

{)^

[^)

25

() [)^

[ [,

'

[
[

,

?

1

8 letters

y^y

.
1637.

DIVISION OF LANDED PROPERTY
?

'4

[]

\

?

]

€€[ ^- ^{) [€ { -^) ,
47
8e

ir^cpl)

pas)

.

.,

7r{€pi)

[\{)
30 (apovpas)

{) ^]
TT^epi)
.
.

{€)
[{)
ray

ic/

{)
"
[
[[fai]]

^)
[.)
{) \
,

)(^()

\ {)
,
Si{a)

{) {) {)
Si(a)
[

[]

^['"^
,

,_
Si

(.) [] ()
\\
7(€)
5/()

[] [.)
35 [••]"".[ [..].[

€-?
letters

{.) , (.) {)

[.)

[

()
.

.,

6{) [.)
]

.[,

)'[,
].[...


[

[)]
?]

24

]
II.

[ ][

[.) ^',
?

[

.

22.

'.

.

24.

.
.
. .

.

12.

27, 28, 31, 33• ^•

]
33•

SO ill 1. 25• ig. of COrr. of avrmfpa corr. from (or to.?) .

/

1-31. 'The Aurelii Ammonianus and his sister on his father's and mother's side Heraclidiaena, both children of Aurelius Herachdes, late . ., Ammonianus acting with his curator, Aur. Pasion . and as he is styled, Heraclidiaena with her tutor, ... of Oxyrhynchus, and Annianus also called Heraclianus and Pasion also called Apollonius, both(.?) sons of .. also called Apollonius, through Pathermuthius also called Silvanus ., and Iseis daughter of . . philus, acting without a guardian by the itis liberorum, in the presence and with the consent of her husband Aur. Epimachus, late eutheniarch and senator of the illustrious . ., acknowledge that they have divided among themselves by the command of his excellency Mussius Aemilianus through the appointed judge, Demetrius the centurion, the most honourable princeps of the praefecture, by a harmonious and just division of the estate, and have had assigned to them in common the appended properties, situated in the Oxyrhynchite and Hermopolite nomes . . ., and have had assigned to them in common, Aurelius Annianus and Pasion also called Apollonius for their Ammonianus for his share ., Details of the situations of the land share . ., making a half share of the whole estate. Details of jointly obtained by the aforesaid persons are given in the appended properties. the properties which the party of Aur. Ammonianus and Annianus also called Heraclianus and Pasion also called Apollonius obtained jointly for their half share are as follows in the area of the village of arourae ; in the Oxyrhynchite nome in the area of Chusis what is . And Heraclidiaena has had assigned to her there stated, and in the area of . ., and so on. for her share f and Iseis for her share \, this making the remaining half share of the whole estate, and they have likewise obtained by a likewise harmonious and just division of the
. . .

.

.

.

.

.

.

:

.

.

.

48
estate the

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
;
:

appended properties of which the details of the situations are given in the appended in the Oxyrhynchite arourae These are in the area of Ibion Chuseos nome in the Upper toparchy, &c., and in the area of Tholthis Artapatou 2 vineyards and reed-plantations and farmsteads and appurtenances of the reed-plantations at Artapatou, arourae of corn-land which are leased with the cultivated by 273^ arourae, and vineyards; and in the area of Paimis, cultivated by Antas son of Horus, 10 arourae
properties.
.
. .

;

.

.

.,

.

.

.

as guardians of between Kovparopes and Grundz. 248. Curalores were for those under 25 years, tutor es for those below the age of puberty (14), though the distinction is not always A different (1. 7) applies only to a tutor for women. observed so nicely as here, not is the preposition, and relationship is presumably implied in 1. 6, where (cf. Mitteis cf. e.g. 1686. 2. may be the word lost after ; /. f., P. M. INieyer, Griech. Texie, p. 57) is often used practically in the sense of tutor or indicates a representative curator, but here might correspond, as often, to procurator, for whereas here is the In 1645. 2 a woman acts or agent of some kind.
3.

Kovparopos

:

on the

distinction

orphans see 888.

3, n., Mitteis,

(
3, n.)

.'

.

.

\>
6.
7.

^
:

/3^[]

,

,
(cf.

preposition in

The

or an
cf.

official tide.

P. Gen.

.

could be dispensed After the general introduction of Roman citizenship a with, but Egyptian tradition maintained the custom of a woman having a kind of acting 50-6.
Q.

[ 8{) ,
1.

4.

lacuna after

t^o] may be
. .

filled

by


'
.

4,

1.

or a patronymic

ii. 3 (350)

the combination of these two participles is common, and avvevboKovvTos. is here equivalent to .
Castelli, S.

which terms See Wenger, Stellvertretung 179-81,

A.

M. i.

For

cf.

1195.

I

.

.

Where the judge was appointed by agreement Sachs. Gesellsch. 1910. 124, Grundz. 43. is found. between the parlies, not by the praefect, cf 1722. I (about the reign of Diocletian) 10. and the centurio princeps in 1424 (about 318). No

^

Mittcis, £er. d.

[• (^) 7[,
.

.

.

:

7]

instance oi princeps

is quoted in Lesquier's index of Z' arvie'e roniaine. Cagnat, Inscr. Gr. ad res Rom. pert. iii. 1230 (Arabia; 185 or 231)
[ 1

(/)
\

Domaszewski
nung 97
sqq.,

restores

after

^, ^(^^ {)^ [), (^)(^) (^),

Rostowzew compares

\{) '

who remarks

that the

officium of the praefect, and the predecessor of the princeps officii praesidis of the fourth iv. 131 Cf. also Cagnat, op. cit. i. 629 century.
. .

.,
is

where 1264 (Arabia; 3rd cent.) DomaSZeWski, Rangordto

be regarded as chief of the

An

'8

addressed
in

426

will

be

published in Part xv. Parallel to the position of a centurio princeps as chief of the praefect's staff was probably, as Rostowzew observes, the position of the 7r(pi/u)n-(iXa/jio$-) in 1416. 29, n. 1. for in G. U. 13. 3 (cf. P. S. I. 46 1 int. this officer ranking one degree higher than the centurio princeps.

{){)),
10— II.
11.

.

cf. 1. 24 and G. U. 444. 8 apparent repetitions of the same word or phrase at very short intervals, and the awkward constructions (cf. 11. 21-7, n.), may well be partly due to omissions from the longer original contract. 16. cf. 1. 25 and 1. 26, where, however, a word different from would ease the structure of the sentence.

^:

/(/')]
cf.
1.

13.

The

:

;

.

^

{){')
[€].

[^?

:

1637.
19-20,
the
list

DIVISION OF LANDED PROPERTY
.
. ,

49

7[ 03
was

:

text this village
in
11.

Hermopolite nome (cf. 1. If 27 sqq. to have been; cf. 1. 27, n.
in the

according to the restoration and punctuation adopted in the 12), as we suppose the first village in
is

of

which is unsatisfactory. For in place hardly room, and the Hermopolite nome was almost certainly not mentioned in 1. 27. The circumstance that in 1. 12 the Oxyrhynchite nome is mentioned before the Hermopolite, while in 11. 19-21 and 27-34, as restored by us, a Hermopolite village comes
there
is

no stop before ?^ of arourae and after
there
is

,

substituted for (apovpas)

.,

it

becomes necessary

to suppose the omission of a

[) [)

.

.,

and

number

outweighed by the advantage gained by providing actual mentions of the Hermoin the abbreviated contract. If all the villages mentioned in the two lists are Oxyrhynchite, the Hermopolite section must be included under
first, is

polite section of the

in

1.

nome; cf. 1285. 67, which be in the district in the Hermopolite nome known from P. Amh. 88. 8-9 ev nep\ Mi'u;^ti', G. U. 553 A. iii. 7» 554• 7 P. Ryl. 99. 2 iv The point at which occurs in G. U. 553-4 indicates that this was at the extreme north of the Hermopolite nome (cf. 1659. int.), and evidently was close to the boundary between that and the Oxyrhynchite nome, while (1. 27, .) seems to have been actually inside the Hermopolite nome. The is mentioned in connexion with both villages (1724. 8 and 13). 21-7. The construction does not agree exactly with that of 11. 13-19. in 1. 23 can be omitted. In 1. 26 or can be read instead of and e.g. is possible; but 1. 1 6 haS simply, Or ttJs and these words may have been written twice in 11. 25-6 by mistake. For cf. yiimjaty re P. Giessen 100. 9 and P. S. I. 300. 11, where RoStOWZeW suggests eVi in 11. 26-7 (cf. 11. 1 6, 25) is open to the objection that, if the antecedent of hv is something of a tautology is produced, could be or
20.

1659. was a

12.

:
21.

a village in the

"

of the Oxyrhynchite

In 1724. 7 land wepl

is

stated to

. ).

,

.

^) ), (^^ ?5
[

! ^ vfs .
\
\
read in place of
27.
(1.

:

|

.

,

\
Xf

cf. 1442. 2, 1724. 1 3. This village, which presumably was near would at first sight be expected to be also in the of the Oxyrhynchite nome, but• we prefer to assign to the Hermopolite nome and refer If tO what follows, as in 1. 20; cf. II. 19-20, n. was in the Oxyrhynchite nome, in 1. 28 becomes superfluous. The absence of / to answer it creates no difficulty, for in the original contract «V 8e ] no doubt

.{), \•.

[)
20, .),
it is

"
to

occurred in the section here indicated only by

That

village is evidently

Since is always used in the genitive, there is nothing to here dependent on or two normally distinct as is on villages are here combined, like Bacchias and Hephaestias (P. Fay. 15. 4, n.) ; but the former alternative is the more probable, especially on account of the mention of in other toparchies by itself iri 1. 29 and the existence of two more villages called was distinguished by the addition of (1285. 123, 141), from which this In 1285. 40, where [ .\ivp ]avp in 1. 133, [. is [. corresponds to probable, there being two other villages called in the list. KaA(ajuft'ay) 28—9. cf. 1631. 7, . a village in the cf. 1629. 8, . 31. ;

belonged (1285. no).

show whether

^, ?
in the

before

Ti(fpi)

Middle toparchy (1285. 104),

,

which

[.
^.
.

:

^
:

^

.

\6{)

(lleXa) and liaei/iti at follows cf. 1659. 42, where 'AvTm{epa) 33• end of a list of villages in the this being the only other mention of it. Whether the penultimate letter here was is not clear corrected to or /) corrected to

the

,
:

'

;

50

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

but if the name of this village, which was evidently facing or canal (the ancient representative of the Bahr Vusufi), was

supposed
35.

in

[.

\\([(

']

1659. 42.
:

^
.

^.

on the other

side of a river

a mistake

must be

cf.
.

1.

28.

There would be room

for 2

more

letters in the

lacuna after

.

cannot be read.

1638.

Division of an Inheritance.
27-7

A

X

18-4 cm.

;

14-6

X 16 cm.

a.d. 282.

A
families
sister,

contract

for the division of the property of Psenamounis, a deceased
in

inhabitant of Senokomis, a village

the Western toparchy,
family,

among

his

two

by

different wives.

The

elder

consisting

of a

brother and

received

a house and
;

adjoining ground, 3^ arourae of corn-land and

part (probably f cf. 1. 11, n.) of 4 slaves, while the rest of the property was assigned to the younger family, which consisted of two brothers of full age and

three minors.

somewhat unusual owing to the less than the full amount to which they were entitled, in consideration of the payment of the deceased's debts by the younger family. Provision was made for obtaining the consent Owing to the loss of the minors to the contract when they reached full age.
of the contract
is

The formula

circumstance that the elder family consented to take

11. 6-18 is not quite clear but most of the document can be restored, and apparently the apodosis to e'7r(e)t

of the ends of lines throughout the construction of
3 does not begin until

;

in
in

1.

1.

17.

After that point a fragment of a duplicate (B)

in the same hands, is of assistup the lacunae the supplements derived from it are underlined in our text of A. Practically certain restorations of 11. 22, 34, 26, 28-30 show that in 11. 1-31 about 50 letters fin 1. 28 45, in 1. 29 61) are missing at the In 11. 32-4 the lacuna is about 12 letters longer, and in 11. 35-9 about ends. letters longer still, but the writing of the second and third hands (11. 33-9) 5 is more spaced out than that of the first. The other contracts of the same from Oxyrhynchus are mentioned in 1637. int. of third and fourth-cenclass tury contracts from other nomes for division of property, P. Tebt. 319 resembles 1638 in beginning with a long clause headed by iirei P. Brit. Mus. 978, Strassb. hiriprjadaL 29, and probably Flor. ^o are of the more usual type,

a different hand, but with the signatures
in filling
;

ance

:

;

...

AeAoyxe'yat.
is

which
1721.

Gen. II (350), a contract concerning the roofing of a court, supplementary to a division of property, also begins like 1638, as does
P.

€[ ^-

? ?^
Xapds

.

.

.

?

1638.
vios

DIVISION OF

AN INHERITANCE
8e
?

51

[ . [/
Ilavau'pLO?

{)

^^, 89
?

2 letters

€7

e/c

'

{) [
kvSo?

?

ev

5

€[)
,

€{}

[
[
^

, , , — - , , ^, ^ —
^^[
?

- [€ [
()
. .

{)

.

.

{^) €

?,

eSo^ev 5e

, €
[
?

{,)

,

— —

iv

.


?

,

[
[

?

,

?

?

?

[
[^\

[
[

,
?,

'

[]]

{), [ ]
'
2

^

-

52

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Xapav \6\^

rey

2

[ {),
Kvpieveiv

€[ ? ^ €[— € ^€ [€ ^
irepovs
€v8ok€lj/
rfjSe
rfj

^ -€ €€9
kv
?,

?

?

[
[

?

[€
Sapav

els

€[
25

[

^^ ^^,^^, ^ 6[
kv

,^€. ^ ^
re
ael

^

e/y ?

^

kav

, \ \ ^
S)v

[] ^^ ' ^,
aei
5e

'

?

(?

.

.

.

'

kav

,
(^)

kv

kvepa€va

\^ [ kepv kveo
()
dvai
e^eti/

.

[, '
€€€

, €[]€ ^ ]€[€ €€ kav

^^ () [^ , €. () €
4€[

^^,

^
re
eTi

5e

(

{)

kadvai

^ -

1638.

DIVISION OF

AN INHERITANCE
[inl tovt]ols

[ [
aei,

53
[{erovs)

€€'[€ ]77[]'

[]6/.

35 y^f[o]y Kou

(3rd hand) -4[7]/?7[][]

^ ? [] []/[9] [ ^^ . ^ 8[][ €€€€ € [€ ] - €[€ )([ ^. —€6 [. [6€, €€€' ]

kv- ?

[€].

. ^
rey

^
/
.
v[nep
. . .

}]

([] [€]{) [\9
\'\

(2nd hand)

€/€
tois

[
25.

•\

nepl

^

6.

18. rais
COrr.

from

24.

1.

37• f of

.
1.

(^^ .
corr.

ttj

.
30.

12.

;

SO in
COrr.

1.

14• uper
01$•.

:

SO in

aipeaeaiv COIT. frOHl

fvyeypuppevoii

21.
23.
1.

22.

of n« coir.

of
COrr.

28. vnep.

from

.

from

.
33.
1.

from

.

€ . .
1.

23.

for

The Aurelii Aphous and Taarpaesis, whose mother is Sinthonis, and their brothers on the father's side Aret and Saras, whose mother is Tammonas, all four children of Psenamounis son of Pausiris, from the village of Senokomis, Taarpaesis acting without to each other, a guardian by the ms liherorum, in the presence and with the consent of Whereas our common father the aforesaid Psenamounis died leaving us the greeting. and and Sammis, whose mother above-mentioned and our brothers who are minors, is the aforesaid Tammonas, the seven of us, his heirs, and (we have divided .?) all the
'
.

.

.,

.

.

.

.

.

.

property left by him, consisting of a vacant space, corn-land, household furniture, &c., fourfooted animals, and four slaves, Panechotes aged about ...... Sinthonis aged about 25 and her daughter Tapatris, aged about 10, being held in common, and Aphous and Taarpaesis decided to be content with only certain portions of what was left, and to receive for their share of the inheritance ... at the village of Senokomis with the paternal of which the adjacent areas are on the south house a vacant space to the extent of i an entrance and exit, on the west the the north ., on the east a vacant space (?) ., on from land of Onnophris and others, and in the area of the said village in the holding of the aforesaid corn-land 3^ arourae, of all of which the adjacent areas are on the south ., on the west the land a road, on the north the land of Patauris and others, on the east

?,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

of Sarapion (?), ex-magistrate of Alexandria, and from the aforesaid slaves two shares out of seven (?), (and to renounce any other ?) shares due to them from all the aforesaid property

54
of

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
.

all kinds left by their father ., and (?) to bring no claim or action against any other parts of the inheritance except the aforesaid vacant ground, 3^ arourae of corn-land, and two shares of the slaves, on condition that the party of Aret and Saras discharge all the debts, whether public, or attaching to the land, or private, left by our father, and pay
.

them in conjunction with the other brothers (?), and shall secure Aphous and Taarpaesis against any trouble or injury in respect of any claim or action of any kind whatever, and that Aret and Saras shall obtain the consent of the other previously mentioned brothers, the shares due to them from who are minors, to this contract when they come of age, . ., the parties to the contract the inheritance according Lo (?) the choices written therein
. .
. .

one hand the party of Aphous and Taarpaesis that they have voluntarily and of their own choice and irrevocably (renounced ?) the shares due to them from the present time for ever, and will bring no claim or action about the shares (?) which we have received, with which they are also satisfied, namely the aforesaid vacant ground, 3^ arourae of corn-land, and two shares of the slaves, and that they own these likewise from the present time for ever, and we have the use, disposition, and administration of them as we choose without hindrance with our offspring and successors, and on the other hand the party the property left by the father together with the other of Aret and Saras that they brothers, and they too have the use of it as they choose without hindrance with their offspring and successors, and will pay all their father's debts, and secure Aphous and Taarpaesis against any trouble in respect of any claim, and will obtain the consent of the minors to this contract when they come of age, and will guarantee to the party of Aphous all the property described in it against all claims with every guarantee, as free from any debt or liability or any other claim whatsoever, and also from all public dues, taxes, extra levies, and rates of all kinds payable on it up to the present 7th year and including the present 7th year, because the profits of this property from the coming 8th year onwards belong to This the party of Aphous, who are responsible for the public taxes of the said 8th year. deed of contract is valid, there being 8 copies of it in order that each party may have 2, and whenever they or any one of them choose, they may register it publicly without requiring the participation of the other side or any further agreement, because they forthwith agree to the publication to be made through the record-office, and having asked each other tfie formal question they gave their consent on these terms.' Date and signatures.
acknowledge, on the
.

.

.

2.

For

P.

Amh.
4.

99.

For

followed by a figure; 4—5.
5.

[]
is

(:
4, Brit.
cf.
1.
:

/
:

eiiboKoivros
4,

cf.

1637.

7, n.,

and

for

in

similar

contexts

Mus. 978.
9)

Ryl. 157. 3. (including the house mentioned in
cf.
cf.
1.

1.

8)

and

apoupms (perhaps
aKtveaei.

21.

P. Leipz. 28. 20 fvbopeviKols

this is a

common

masculine

name

at

Oxyrhynchus, the feminine form
(cf.
1.

being

[],

which 6. For

(e. g. 1208. 3) ; hence rfj also masculine, cannot be read.
cf.

6)

is

unsuitable.

Tlave-

SiTjprjKapev

P.

Gen.

II.

5

eneiSi]

.

.

.

^8\(

npos fav\Tjovs.

With

C. g.

bcaipenai or

but in any
8.

cf. P. Tebt. 319. 10. apparently ignored in II. 4 and 21. a land-measure of unknown size; cf. 100. 10, P. Halle, p. 199. ? or e. g. "i^lfpapovvios. pepa>v is restored on the analogy of 503. II. For cf. 11. 14 and 35. nevTf. in 1. 6, which SUggeStS that For eVra cf. 1. 4 and 6-7 is before division the property was owned in equal shares by the brothers. improbable, for since there were four slaves to be divided, these would probably, if the eld^r

: : '

P. Tebt. 319. 4) the accusatives in 11. For ebo^ev case these ought to have been datives.
(cf.

5-6 are not accounted for;

this is

8

6

(

1638.

DIVISION OF

AN INHERITANCE

55

'
in
1.

family received two shares out of four, have been assigned as individuals. For fractions of a slave cf 722. int. and P. Freiburg 8. 13-14. the second word is not bio or 12. For the preceding restoration cf. 11. 17-18 and 19-20, where too the verb which apparently governs is missing. That lost in 1. 19 may well have been the same as here, and if refers to the claims of the elder family upon the property prior to the division, would be suitable ; but if refers to the present contract, a word like or Kvpievfiv is required; cf. 1. 19, n. In place of which leaves txeiv in 1. 13 dependent on

^ -/ : (
fSo^ev in
1.

.

{'

ea6vrv
(cf

6,

or

''

'

,
19,

re in

I.

1

is dependent on 12 and occurs apparently for the first time in
is

11.

12-18 and 19-26
15.
a/i[o

quite intelligible

they belong to the main sentence.

6((^:

8(?
for

cf.

1.

25
:

,
cf.
:

4) can be read. That the main sentence began to be supplied there is improbable, since
1.

-

if

11.

and the general correspondence between 12-17 belong to the fn{()i clause, but not if

1.

24.

An

^7/]
two

for the

adverb (e. g. combination cf. p.
in
11.

\)
still

is

possible.

Brit. IMus.

there

is

hardly

room

Avords,

and

37-8

In 1. 25 932. 20. apparently occurred

second.
17.
(cf.
1.

For

TflSe

12, n.),

cf 1. 26 another word than

;

but since

this clause

(e. g.

Stat/jeVei

or

belongs totheeVei sentence tovtois) may have been
it

used here.
18.
res,

so that
19.

which can be omitted, cf P. Strassb. 29. 31. The doubtful t could can be v, so that e. g. either or in 1. 7, (cf. in 1. 33j ^^^ in 1. 20); be read, or The verb in 1. 23, which balances that in 1. 19, is also uncertain. cf 1. 12, n. Kvpievtiv, which are usually 21. There does not seem to be room for found together in this context.

€6. \
For
[

The

[7; —

position of n€pm[ (or ntpiy
nepl

before

'

23.

between jrws
1.

25. 28.

sign for 'hovs),

by omitting

ought strictly to have been 30. Ke has For 20, 1717. 4. in P. Ryl. 163. 13-14, n.) is not quite certain rather than

for which cf. but without 1698. 24 (it is omitted in 1208. 25), the supplement is only 42 letters. As far as the lacunae in A are con32-3. On the titles of Probus see 1631. 34, n. MeytaTou might be restored, but the cerned, Mey., suits better, and in A there may have been shorter restoration, which omits a space before the date. If the genitive in 1. 34 is right, something like in cf 1. 7. 33. For TO cannot be read in B, unless afpa{s) is expected to account for it was written, Avhich is unlikely). The body of the contract does not help at this point cf.
;

[ ^'^ ,8, ( 8 ] €
\
(cf
1.

(^[ 6

,
in

» €\(
.

[)

in

indicates only a short lacuna between
is

and

unsuitable,

and

cf.

P. Freiburg 8. 8

€{?)
In

^
;

1

9)

is

possible after

Cf 15, The supplement
compared

and n., and

/. {€\\

there

is

hardly

room

for

is

inadmissible).

1.

37.

(cf.

to that in

). \.

1208. 22, 1700. 19) is rather short (44 letters besides the 1. 29 (61 letters, which can hardly be diminished except

.

since there were 8 copies
after

cf.

1704.

8ia

8.

That

the

(]

cf 1208. 24 (as corrected in belongs to

.
|

(]([{

{(][(

(

1•

19, n•

37-8. That

had more than

is

certain, for

even

[

\

€\
;

;

56
(sic)

line preceding; cf.
is

gives only 20 letters in a lacuna corresponding to One of the adjectives here may have been 1. 15, n.

often coupled with

38.

omits

before

(
^.
is

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

| [/?,
. .

.

in the

which

in papyri.

(e)

Loans.

1639.

Payment

in

Advance for Wheat.
13-6 cm.
B.C.

30-5

X

73 or 44

An

acknowledgement from two Persians of the epigone to a

of the receipt of the price of 30 artabae of wheat, which were to be delivered after

?^
.?

Plate III.

the harvest.

The
is

formula, which closely resembles that of P. Reinach 30 (late
largely that of a loan.

The papyrus, which certainly belongs Phaophi of the 9th year of an unnamed sovereign, and the resemblances between the first hand of 1639 and 236 c (reign of Auletes Part ii, Plate v) and P. Grenf. ii. 39 (2nd year of Auletes? Plate v) and between the third hand of 1639 and P. Tebt. 103 (aist year of Auletes ? Part i,
2nd
cent. B. c),

to the first century B.C.,

dated

in

;

;

;

Plate
cf.

vii)

suggest the 9th year of Auletes
I,

(b. C.

73) or of Cleopatra

VI

(B. C.

44

1629.

n.).

The payment

is,

however, made through the private bank
(11.

of Heraclides at the

other than
reference to an
polis).

Moreover the docket of the bank in 11. 30-1, certifying the payment of the is identical in form with bank-dockets on first-century receipts from Oxyrhynchus (1. 31, n.). We are therefore not prepared to exclude the attribution of the 9th year to Augustus, though 1639 presents a more strongly marked Ptolemaic appearance than the Oxyrhynchus papyri from the earlier part
price in question,

)^
277.

Serapcum of Oxyrhynchus
is

'^-^,

.), and though banks

existed in Ptolemaic Eg3/pt, the earliest
in B.C.

known

6

(P. Brit.

Mus. 890.

2,

from Hermo-

of his reign,

e. g.

The juristic character of that class of documents to which 1639 belongs has been much disputed. Rabel {Zcitschr. d. Savigny-Stift. xxviii. •3,^) and P. Basel 5. int.), Preisigke (P. Strassb. 1. int.), and now P. M. Meyer {Griech. Texte 7. int., in opposition to P. Hamb. 21. int.) distinguish those examples, in which, as in
1639, the price
is

not stated, from those in which
(e. g.

it is

given, and which arc to be

regarded as payments in advance

P. Tebt. 109).
'

The former

class

they
',

Hingabe an Erfiillungsstatt i. e. undertakings for the cession of property in payment of a previously existing debt, couched in the form of a fictitious sale of the property in advance. We (P. Hibeh 84 (), int., Tebt. 379. int.), in common with Wenger {Gott.gel. Anz. 1907. 316), Berger {Strajklansehi 143), and Mitteis {CJir. 739), have regarded both sets of
consider to be instances of datio in sobitum^

1639.

PAYMENT IN ADVANCE FOR WHEAT

57

Wilcken {Archiv v. 253) and Bell examples as genuine sales in advance. The simpler hypothesis that (P. Brit. Mus. 1656 and 1774. int.) are undecided. the omission of the price, which is no uncommon feature of sales (cf. e. g. B. G. U. for 177, 584, 806; P. Brit. Mus. 282), is really immaterial, and that the money which a receipt is given actually changed hands, even though its amount is not stated, gains much support from 1639, which, without giving the actual sum, not
only mentions the bank making the payment, but has a docket similar to those found in receipts involving an actual payment. Evidently the omission of the
is here to be explained by the circumstance that the amount of it was not an essential element in the contract, which is mainly concerned with the delivery of the produce bought, and the same explanation holds good in the other exam-

price

which the price is not specified. The datio in soliiUim explanation of these instances seems to us over-subtle, like the theory of the Active Mitgift There is indeed an example of a datio in solutnm in for which see 266. int. but there the price of the asses surrendered by P. Gradenwitz 10 (B. C. 215-214) a fictitious sale is given, and a clause in the contract, to which there is no parallel in 1639, definitely states that the transaction was made in settlement of a loan,
ples in
'

',

;

and the formula of P. Gradenwitz 10 develops into that of a sale, not like P. Hibeh 84 a and 1639 into that of a loan, so that it does not provide any support for a
In the absence of a definite indication that goods are paid for but not delivered, conceal such contracts as 1639, in which a prior relationship of creditor and debtor between the parties, making the payment for the goods fictitious, these documents are to be explained simply as acknowledgements of payments in advance, and the converse of such contracts as
datio in solutum explanation of 1639.

914 and B. G. U. 1146, bought on credit.

in

which goods are delivered but not paid

for,

i.e.

are

^^ '
[\)
[/]?
[Sia]

5

[[]
[eT0V9

^ [ [ ^ \? ^ ,
€]^

9 [\ ? €. [][]€ [ 8]€ ? [] ? ? [\, [€] [ ]\ [€] 7] €€
€[\ [6\€
[]>
exe[ii'

e-

].

noXei S[a]panieiov a

kv

][]1

r[ov]

€[]? ^[]
^[]

?

[viov

? '[?]
Upov.

?]

[6][9

?

ols

kav 8e

[]

?]7;9

,

58

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

15

2

2nd hand
25

^^ . ^ [][] / ^.^ ^ ' \\
Si'

[\
€<

kyyvoov ak\r\\(uv

rjs

k[a]i^

[]

[](5

<5 ^ ^^
)(^.9
eV re
e^

kav

8[,]

6[,

[] ] ] €€€)(^€ € [] []
'
re
enl

[]^

^^]

[ ]€ [•)(\ (€[].

.
.

()

[?] ['\

\\

\\ ^[^]9 [ [].
,
[yey]ovev

3rd hand
31

On

the verso

] ^) ' {). {) € , ^{)[) {) {) ()
(€)
.

'^'^

\ -

^
3•
1.

)(^€6{)

re

[.]
corr.

\]8.

1 8.

Final

t

of

[\

from

s.

'

Orsenouphis and Pekusis, both sons of

Petosiris, Persians of the epigone, to

Theon

also called Thoonis, son of

Theon, of the catoecic cavalry, greeting. We acknowledge that we have received from you at the Serapeum at Oxyrhynchus the sum paid through the private bank of Heraclides as the price of 30 artabae of hard wheat unmixed with barley, which we are to deliver to you in the month of Pauni of the present 9th year in hard, new, pure, unadulterated wheat, unmixed vith barley, by the measure of the Serapeum (?) of the city, transporting it at our own expense to whomever you may appoint at the said temple.
being jointly sureties for each other, 4,000 drachmae of bronze, you having the right of execution upon us both or whichever you choose and upon all our property, as if by a legal decision, no plea of any kind remaining to us, and any that we
If to
fail

we

to

perform these conditions, we

will forfeit,
fail

you the price of each artaba which we

to deliver,

1639.

PAYMENT IN ADVANCE FOR WHEAT

59

being invalid. And we shall be liable to arrest by you at the aforesaid Serapeum and in any place of asylum and before any magistrate and in any place whatsoever where you may encounter us. This bond is valid wherever and by whomever it is produced. The 9th year, Phaophi 20.' Signature of Orsenouphis and Pekusis, docket of the bank, and on the verso the title.

may produce

3-5. Cf. 1132. 8-12, n., 1411. 4, n., where this papyrus is referred to, and Preisigke's discussion of the evidence for banks at the Serapeum of Oxyrhynchus in Girowesen 20-7. To his seven instances should be added (besides 1639) 305 ^?

'
1639

. (. .

D.

2), 319

(55)> 1132. g

to the brevity of our description of 305 did not realize that the of Harpocration was at the Serapeum, considered that there were two kinds (' Staatskasse '), and (2) a bank leased by the governof banks there, (i) the ment (' Staatsbank '), having specially close relations with the State, and distinct from the

Preisigke,

who owing

(
.

[ (

, (162), 1473. 6

.. ].
2.

^
(37))

304

. |. . , . (20).

1(

""

which were purely private companies. It is, however, clear from 305 and at the Serapeum, and if that was distinct from the was an bank leased by the government and sometimes administered by (91, 513, and 1132), four of Preisigke's six instances of a Staatsbank (267, 264, 269, and 98) together for all these instances are with 319 and 304 are more likely to refer to an concerned with private, not official, transactions, and that banks named after individuals in spite of the omission of the word often belonged to the class of []is omitted in the docket is clear from (i) 305, where is OHCe inserted (1. 2l), ye[yo]vev Brit. Mus. 168, where (2) at Hermopolis in a. d. 44, and and once omitted (1. 54), in connexion with the at Hermopolis in P. Brit. Mus. 1168. 49 (3) the probable identity of the The question of the with the in P. Ryl. 1 73. I (lo years earlier). relation of private banks to those leased by the government has not yet been definitely If the view which we put forward in connexion with decided; cf. Wilcken, Grundz. 160.
that there
'

,

{)

{),

^

'

:

.

'()

{) .

513 is correct, and the Ptolemaic bank-monopoly continued in the Roman period, there is at the no need to suppose the existence of more than one bank besides the Serapeum of Oxyrhynchus if Preisigke is right in distinguishing the leased from the private The use of the term banks, it becomes necessary to suppose the existence of at least two. is not inconsistent with our view, and as which is evidently contrasted with far as Oxyrhynchus is concerned the evidence concerning private banks is decidedly Of the six Staatsbanken unfavourable to Preisigke's distinction between them and instances of private banks at Oxyrhynchus quoted by him {op. cii. 37) the first, concerning v. sup.), refers to a private transaction, the bank of Harpocration at the Serapeum (305 but the other five (from 288-9) occur in receipts for payments of taxes to the State and o\{fao) {.), 308 (45) ^' of four more 312 (37) (or [. .] {.), and 313 (47) ^'^ ( )

,
{.)

;

,

(
.

'

'.

{)

also occur in tax-receipts, while only

and
transaction.

appears first of tax-receipts issued by banks called in Theban ostraca of Augustus' reign (Wilcken, Os/. i. 92-3; Preisigke's proposal in peya^j] of which L• in these with op. cii. 17 * to identify 17 was according to Os/. 1345, is vitiated by the difference of about 100 years

[ phenomenon The

{{) ^. . (
;

\

323

(pi\e\(i)Tai)

,{) \{)?), ]/ .
;
.

[

'

ytynvev

refers tO a private

.,

between the dates of Osl. 1345 and 1365, &c.). Wilcken with some hesitation regarded and if it is once admitted, as is done by Preisigke these as issued by the

.,

6

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

following Wilcken, that at Thebes in the early Roman period the were called after the names of individuals, the Oxyrhynchus examples of tax-receipts issued by banks may after all refer to the /,. Their formula is just the same as that found in

.

Wilcken's Os^. 361, 131 7, 1319-20, in which the substitution of 8fhos for found in his 1365, &c., probably does not affect the meaning materially. The only instance of an official bank with a name in the genitive is P. Tebt. 587 (about A. D. l) eVi Tij(i') [fv Evepy(^eTi8t) but this variation from the usual description of an official bank as one '' 6 bava is hardly parallel to the examples of banks called simply. At Arsinoe Preisigke considers that the bank in the quarter was a Staatsbank because some of its transactions concern official payments but the banks at Oxyrhynchus which he regards as private were to an even larger extent, so far as is knoAvn, concerned with official payments, and the case for separating the bank from the other banks at Arsinoe is not at all strong. At Hermopolis there was a bank known as all the transactions concerning it being of a private character. This too Preisigke on the evidence of the name regards as a Staatsbank but he classes the at Hermopolis (P. Flor. i. 3, &c., Strassb. 52. 8, Melanges Nicole 193, P. Ryl. 176. 2) with the private banks, though the parallelism between it and the bank at the Serapeum of Oxyrhynchus administered by (cf. p. 59) suggcsts that it was a bank which was normally leased, and, if so, it ought on Preisigke's theory of Staatsbanken to be identical with the We are therefore not prepared to accept his account of official and private banks in the Roman period as satisfactory. Our own view may be briefly expressed as follows. In the Ptolemaic period besides the there were banks called in P. Rev. Laws Ixxv-vi simply, which were all leased by the State and apparently called after the names of the lessees, as illustrated by the at Acoris (P. Reinach 7.9); but whether the at a village of the Arsinoite nome (P. Fay. 12) was, as Preisigke {op. cit. 10) supposes, a lessee rather than a is very doubtful. As soon as the Romans took Egypt, probably even earlier, make their appearance, and banks which were evidently not are found in connexion with official payments. Such banks are distinguished from the by being called after individuals but the bank-monopoly of the government still survived, and the persons who gave their names to banks, whether these were called or not, are probably to be regarded as lessees. In the second and third centuries these banks are sometimes found under the administration of official a circumstance which may be due to the difficulty of finding private persons willing to become lessees of banks, just as it became difficult to obtain tax-farmers (cf. 44) and agoranomi (cf. 1642). The existence in each metropolis of a single leased Staatsbank ', which was specially privileged in regard to official transactions, side by side with a number of purely private banks owned by individuals and not leased to them, seem to us unwarranted by the evidence which is so far available. 5-6. [[\•. cf. int. and 1. 13, where the value per artaba in case of failure to deliver the wheat at the proper time is 4,000 drachmae. This sum, which is unusually high, probably represents twice, or at any rate, i^ times the amount of the price paid by Theon cf. Berger, Strafklaiiseln 34-5, 143-6 ; P. Tebt. 105. 46, 109. 15, nn. 8. arepeov [viov cf. 836, 1629. II, P. Reinach 9. 20, &c. Reinach translates compacte '. We suppose it to mean hard ', i. e. ripe '. a mention of a templc-mcasure is in any case 9. 7[\€[ rendered probable by []0 ifpov in 11. lo-ii, and for cf. 11. 18-19 '''"^ (though the reference there, as in 1. 11, can be to the mention of the Serapeum in 1. 4) and P. Tebt. 109. 20—1 ei> \^ po]eypafv
eVl

/.

(/)]
;

[) (
'

)

.

[(),

'

'

'

'

;

€€
'

,

'

(.

, (

;

,
'

'

;

[€] .

[ ?]
'

^:

?

m,
:

'

\^(\€

1639.

PAYMENT IN ADVANCE FOR WHEAT

6i

But Only Seven letters are expected in the initial lacuna, and t adscript elsewhere in 1639 is not omitted except in subjunctives (cf. the next n.), so that there is is fairly certain, there barely room for and though 7[][? suits the traces and s of may be a letter between ? and the supposed

^.

[,
is
81'


1 6. 1 8.

iv oh cf. P. Reinach 28. 9—10 ]? ap and for the omission of adscript 1. 20 nepminr^s. The vestige of a letter joining very slight and indecisive, but e| is not expected at this point, especially as (cf. e.g. P. Reiuach 20. 25-6 Tois OCCUrS in 1. 12, and avev is not long enough. /ei;]

.

^:
:

,

.

13. Cf.

11.

8\ .
5-6,
. .

\

\\ 8]

([^)

[

the epigone

being a
27.
stroke,

, [\ []
cf.

7[]€'
fVt
,

e.g. B. G.

U. II56. 24-5

e^t(i'nt)

aiVoIs

[]
(1.

:

i) is

and Persians of but 1639 is noteworthy for not like the other contracts in which the clause occurs. is unsuitable, but the first letter might begin with a straight :
the connexion between the occurrence of this clause

once more

illustrated (cf. 1471. int.)

;

e. g.

n.

30.

(^€)

:

31. [yey]ovev

(quoted on p. 59), and Preisigke, Girowesen 232-3.

(€), {)
:

sinCC there
int.

cf.

is no before and 264. 26, 267. 34, 269.

().
i.

22,

305 and 323

1640.

Loan of
15

WiiEyVT.

for a loan of u'heat This conclusion of a contract of a new measure called -npos interesting on account of the mention

(^)

X

14-5 cm.

beKa

Other (11. 4-5, .). and apparently identical with the Oxyrhynchus loans of corn in the Roman period are 988 recto (224) and 1040 (225); and like them and 1711 (a late third-century loan of money), &c., 1640 was written in duplicate in parallel columns. We omit Col. i, of which only
the ends of lines are preserved.

^

. D.
is

^
252.

chiefly

kv
[

VL

5

TTpoy
€L

€9

^ •
,

€/[€][9 / ^(:^ '€{€}69.
'iTov[s

] , ^^ ^
iTaC-]
yeti^o-

re

.

62
I

.
nep
5

) ^^^ \ ^, [\6 €]€ {)
[\
\^\

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

'

J

2nd hand

2

}

^ ), .
1

' €[]
6.
fvaejSU).

^€[]

[]

[\ []

.

kne-

repay in the month Pauni of the present 3rd year in wheat that is new, and barley, and sifted, by the measure of(?) ten hundredths without delay; or, if I fail, I will forfeit to you for the overtime an extra payment at the rate of one-third, you having the right of execution upon myself and all my property. This deed written in duplicate is valid wherever and by whomever on your behalf it is produced, and in answer to the formal question I gave my consent.' Date and signature of the borrower.
'
.

.

.

will

pure, unadulterated, free from earth

|/[] or

2.

\
1

fTov[s

:

'[1.

8eKa the clause introduced by npos generally refers to the 4-5. standard to which the actual measure in use was equated, the accompanying participle, where cf. P. Lille 21. 23-5 and Ryl. 166. 15-16, n. expressed, being Here, how; evei-, if a participle is to be supplied at all, is hardly appropriate, and the phrase is in any case novel and not parallel to e. g. P. Amh. 43. 9 J^ is known ^-^-^ presumably refers to an artaba, of which the fraction (cf 1446. int.), and the phrase is, we think, merely a variant for which would be parallel to the instances of and On these concrete measures containing ^, ^ and ^ of artaba see Hultsch, Archiv ii. 290, and Bell, P. Brit. Mus. v. With an artaba of 40 choenices, such as is found in 9 verso and elsewhere, p. 158. a measure containing -^q of it would be a and though Hultsch wished to identify this with the and refer both to the artaba of 24 choenices, the can apply just as well to an artaba of 40. Another possible explanation of would be to connect it with the ivhtKapeTpov in a corresponding position in P. Fay. 90. 14, i.e. an artaba of 11 or 44 choenices, as contrasted with an artaba of presumably 40 choenices in which the original loan was made (cf Hultsch, Archiv ii. 293). The ^^^ would on this view represent the difference between the standards used in the payment and repayment of the loan, and as extra charges, probably
:

(
Col.
i

has

apparently

]

€[]()

at this point, certainly not

.

,,

(/

,

68.

/ 8(,

8

6

1640.

LOAN OF WHEAT

63

sometimes connected with differences of measures, are well known ; but the first explanation better. The phrase recurs in 1743. 8. seems to suit ( is more usual ; cf 1474. 18 and 1628. 16, nn. 7. e'l is excluded by the month in is preserved, but 13. {tTovs) y. only the bottom of is 1. 17, since Decius was still reckoned as reigning on March 4, 251 (cf 1476. int.), and
:

8

not a suitable reading.

1641.

Loan with Right of Habitation.
14-5

X

The concluding
allusion to a

part of a contract

the lender having in lieu of interest the right to inhabit the borrower's house.

()
16 cm.

A.D. 68.

for the loan of 80

drachmae,

An
first

document of

this description occurs in

1105

;

but 1641

is

the

specimen of this class from Oxyrhynchus, and the formula is worded somewhat differently from the parallel contracts B. G. U. 1115 (Alexandria; B.C. 13) and P. Hamb. 30 (Arsinoite nome; 89), while P. Brit. Mus. 1168 (Hermopolis 44)
is

phrased as a lease.
in P.

The

juristic character of these contracts, especially in rela-

tion to the law of mortgage, has

Meyer

Hamb.
lieu

30. int.

been much discussed, most recently by P. M. In 1105 and are used with regard

to the property (f of a house) in which the right of habitation

is

;

was ceded by the
accepting Levy's
.

borrower

in

of interest

;

assumption that the antecedent of
rather than the

^

^

but Meyer

-^

is

not justified
in

in

1105. 14

.

.

Tievre.

Owing

to the loss of the beginning

of 1641

it is

impossible to be certain on the question whether
in
it
;

or
is

some
in the

kindred term occurred
B. G. U.
15, P.

but no reference to a mortgage

found

extant portion of the papyrus, and
1 1

Hamb.

30,

and

Glaubigerhefriedignng, 21 sqq., Partsch, Arcliiv

[....]...

5

8 ? ^? ^ • 9
[.]

..

? €(')9 €^ ^^ \ ] €6 €^
Vestiges of 2 lines.

\\

avXfj

^ , ,
it is

Brit,

likely to have agreed on this point with Mus. 1168, which have none; cf. Manigk,
v.

511-13.

re

ovSe tovs

()-

]

? ' ^^

?
fj

<5e

^,

)(9

. ,
e/c

pe

oh

{)

{)

eav

64


15

20

25

[6] []€
. .

^ . ^. ^ ![ ^ ? [] [] '
€(.
e/c
1.

^^
h

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
\ku\oLKia^ov

^'

[ ]6€ ' Toh
taas,

tSkois,

.[],

ev

^ ^, ^ €
e/c

,'
kav
e/c

8^ k

re

(eroyy)

Te

.

[

6.

from

e.

:
4•

]..[.....".
. . .

."iV
8.

[—
1.

[
;

ic^.

(2nd hand)

?

...]...

[]
?

.
from
25.
1.

corr.

.

over an expunction.
'

[€].

1

8.

:
SO in

1.

12.

g.

a

corr.

from

,

(( .
2,
irt (frovs)

from the present day you and your agents who shall be installed there by you are to use the house, pylon, roof, court, entrance, exit, and all the other appurtenances of the house without hindrance, neither I nor any one else having the right to expel you or your agents from the habitation until the expiration of the period, on condition that I also
.
.

.

guarantee the habitation to you and your agents by every guarantee. And when the period has expired, I v/ill repay you the 80 silver drachmae, or, if I violate the contract or fail to perform its conditions, I will forfeit to you on account of failure to guarantee the habitation as aforesaid 40 silver drachmae and to the Treasury an equal amount, and the original sum increased by one half together with due interest from the date of my violation of the contract, you having the right of execution upon both myself and all my property, as if by And when you recover the money at the end of the period you are to a legal decision. surrender the habitation within 60 days more, delivering up the door and key which you This deed is valid wherever it is produced and for any person who produces it.' receive. Date and signature of the borrower.
5.
:

*

roof

'

;

cf.
.
.

Luckhard, Das Privathaus im
.

16-19. but not to P.
deciphered.
22.

^.
if

ptol.

und rom. Aeg. 74-5.

Hamb.

30. 27-8,

11 15. 45-53, the remains of those unintelligible lines have been rightly
this

clause corresponds to B. G. U.

Germaniceus (Pachon) 16 is May 11. A still later date in Nero's 14th year, By Mesore Galba was recognized; cf. 377 (which is wrongly occurs in 289. i. 9. assigned to the year 67 instead of 68) and Wilcken, Ost. ii. 21. cf. e. g. P. Tebt. 390. 21 but can be read on 25. For the analogy of P. Hamb. 30. 33.
Pauni
4,

7[

;

\\

1642.

APPOINTMENT OF A REPRESENTATIVE
(/")

65

Appointments of Representatives.

1642.

Appointment of a Representative and Instructions.
24 X 22•7 cm.
A. D.
'

289.

A deed whereby
him
at a trial in the

Aurelius Demetrianus appoints his

brother

'

to represent

Oxyrhynchite nome concerning the nomination by DemeAgathinus also called Origenes (1475. 10, n.) as his successor in the office of agoranomus. Other Oxyrhynchus deeds for the appointment of court are 261 {S^^ 376 (77), 365 (late first cent.), 97 representatives to appear in (115-16), 726 (135); cf also 1274, 1643, P. Grenf. ii. 71, SB. 4651,4653, B.G. U. a86 and 1093, which are all third or early fourth century deeds appointing repre1642, which is called in 1. 8 sentatives to go to Alexandria for other purposes.
trianus of Aurelius

an

Below the deed and end the concluding phrase of a letter, which is abnormal. in the same hand is a much corrected draft of instructions for the representative. This is continued on the verso, and later a somewhat different and shorter version The beginnings of lines in the instructions of 11. 13-30 was added in 11. 44-55. are missing on both sides on the recto, to judge by fairly certain restorations in II. 18 and 20, about 17 letters are lost; on the verso, to judge by 11. 48 and 50, about 25 letters seem to be wanting in 11. 44-55, but the writing there is somewhat smaller than in 11. 31-43, where the initial lacunae probably do not exceed 20 letters. These estimates can be reduced in size if abbreviations were more freely employed than we have supposed, and the external appearance of the papyrus, which in 11. 1-5 has an adequate margin on both sides, hardly suggests
:

.'

(cf.

505. 2

),

is,

a§ usual, a

^,

but has at the

that the loss

is

so large

;

but though in
restoration

1.

20

m

{)
1.

can be omitted,
cursively

an

initial

lacuna of only 8 letters seem irreconcilable with
of the
11.

18.

The decipherment and
surface of the papyrus

interesting but very
is

written instructions are difficult, especially in

44-55, \vhere the ink

faint

and the
out.

damaged
(1.

;

but the general sense can as a rule be
1.

made

After apparently a heading

12 corresponding to
in

ments to be used by the representative
put forward by Agathinus
another verb), Ae^ets
54),

comes a series of arguanswer to various pleas which might be
44),
.

?,

;

the sections often take the form kav
11.

.

.

Aey//

(or

e.g.

13, 29,

^'^.

The

first

section

(11.

13-28

=

45-

which is the longest and most intelligible, gives a general statement of Demetrianus' and his opponent's actions with regard to the filling up of the office That this office in combination with that of eutheniarch had of agoranomus.
towards the end of the third century fallen into desuetude at Oxyrhynchus owing to lack of candidates, but was revived by a praefect who was probably Valerius In that Pompeianus shortly before 288, was already known from 1252 verso, ii.

F

66
papyrus the

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
of gymnasiarchs and the prytanis of the senate are found taking

action in regard to the nomination of eutheniarchs, the responsibility for whose Here, too, there is a reference appointment ultimately rested with the praefect.

45) to the long-existing vacancy in the office, but the mode of appointment described is slightly different, the holder of the office being called upon by the praefect to nominate his successor (1. 15 =46), a procedure which is also
(1.

14

=

and comarchs cf. 1405. int. Demetrianus, who had himself filled a term of office as agoranomus, was summoned before the praefect to take part in the nominations, and somewhat against his will was induced on March 19 (probably 288) to nominate as his successor Agathinus, who was not only well off himself but had children under his manus owning property 16-20 = 47-50). A month later (apparently) Agathinus appealed to the (11. The answer of the praepraefect against this nomination (11. .20-a = 50-2). btit he seems to have referred the fect to this petition (11. 27-8) is obscure matter to the local authorities, i. e. more probably the strategus (1. 42) than the epistrategus (1. 32), for the services of the representative of Demetrianus were reThe sentence in 11. 22-4, which is quired in the Oxyrhynchite nome (1. 2). in 11. 24—6 Demetrianus argues draft, is hopelessly broken ignored in the second owing to their wealth and the orders of the that Agathinus and his sons were, praefect, the proper persons to be chosen, and (11. 26-7 = 52-3) claims that they
found
in the case of
;
;
:

€5

should be

the charge

which provides an answer to due to private enmity against Agathinus, introduces a mention of Demetrianus' wife, who knows her own business (1. ^^, and did not require the assistance of the representative, if the
54-5),

made to do their duty. The second section (11. 29-30
that

=

Demetrianus' action

was

'

'

second person in

30 refers to him, as usual. (1. 31 and perhaps 1. 32) apparently refers to a possible claim by Agathinus to substitute for himself an ex-scribe of the public bank, the answer being that this individual was not sufficiently wealthy, and that his
1.

The

third section

children were not available for sharing the responsibilities of the office.

Another

section (11. 33-4) deals with the possible proposal of Agathinus to give up his property rather than accept office, an extreme measure which in the third century

The answer is only was not uncommonly employed (cf. 1405. int., P. S. I. 292). partially preserved, but seems to refer to the fact that Agathinus had already
undertaken equally onerous duties.
for restoration.

The

following section

(11. 0,^
it

a more general character, somewhat like the appointed
is

That Demetrianus was successful in his efforts to get Agathinus shown by 1208. 16, where the latter is called agoranomus in 291.
affords an interesting

The

reference to the property of the

^

first

;

but

is

or 34-43) is of too incomplete

1642.

APPOINTMENT OF A REPRESENTATIVE
Egypt by the
cf.
1.

67

piece of evidence for the introduction into

of the

Roman

papyri has been sometimes misinterpreted

AvprjXios

}

5

[]
[]

' ^ 8 - ^ ' \€
constitutio

Anioniniana

conception oi

p atria

potestas, concerning
;

which the silence of

5, n.

?

'[.

.

.]

. ^)^€}
^aip€L[u.
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ev

€€]]

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, [] , [ [^. ] [] ^
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.

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68
20

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

[ ? \[)
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?
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? €€

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7(5)

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ap^ias)

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1642.

APPOINTMENT OF A REPRESENTATIVE

69

40 [/xeray 15

[2

1.]

[•]

[16 „

rfj
„]
• •

[(
[25

] ^^ ^
1.]

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kav

yap

dvaL

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.

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a]yo|oa(i/o/xias)

[€\
]9

[29 „]

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1.

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] ^^
tj}

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1.

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]-^
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) []

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[] 6[][]
,

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.[...]. as

^^"^^^ [23 „ ^]?/°«'' '^9°^

55 [25
3-

„]

?
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.
'

4•

^ of 22.

COrr.

corr.

fromy. from ?

^
\
:

[•

•3

[•1

^*?[•] ^^R^9V?i^^

[€][][]
coir,

from
1.

y.

26.

^^^.

?. ,€ ^^ . «
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[]
1 3.

€[],
.]

6.

COTT.

.

8

Didymus, his brother, Aurelius Demetrianus and as I am styled to Aur. A appoint you by this my deed to appear at home in the Oxyrhynchite nome as I greeting. my representative at the nomination made by me to his excellency the praefect Valerius Pompeianus of Aur. Agathinus also called Origenes, son of Varianus and as he is styled, as my successor in the office of agoranomus upon the security of his property and that of the order that I were present, children in his manus, and to perform every act lawful for me if or movable may not be alienated, and he may obtam no his wealth whether immovable deed of representation is advantage to the injury of the city's provision of supplies. This produced, and in answer to the formal question I gave my consent.
.

-.

.

.

m

valid wherever
I pray for
3. 5.

it

is

your health,

brother.'
cf.

Date.

20, 53, 1413. 8 pa/ria po/es/as Mitteis {Grundz. 275) considered that the RoTnamde^ Egypt, "but evidence for its influence is now coming to light. was of practically no account in habilities attaching The present passage shows that the property of children did not escape
inl

.^

1416. 29,

.
:

iavroi

cf.

11.

*
, »

,
,&,

70
to that of their father.
vioi

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

of property which In 1703 a father is found executing the (by different wives) had bought through him, this procedure being parallel to that found in 1268, where in the case of house-property belonging to a daughter (1. 8) is performed by the father and uncle (1. 5), the tovs 1208. 6 a Seller of land inherited from his mother (1. )•
his

) \? [5
.
6.

acts

/4]

Brit.

Mus. 977• ^3~'5 Trjs eV

' :{\ ^
[
:

lettersjfo)

cussion of patria potestas in Egypt

177-230.
allusion

8. the agoranomus, besides his duties as notary, was concerned in the bread-supply at this period ; cf. 1252 verso. 17, n. II. The month can hardly be earlier than Pharmouthi, for the events described in the instructions apparently refer to the same year. Since the appeal of Agathinus was made on
:

€ ^
is

In SB. 5692• II
rjovy
it

'
is is

e)(ovTos
. .

.)

.

.

.

.

.

.

tempting to restore by Taubenschlag, Zeitschr.
'

.
cf.

^ ^^ [ ( ^;
.
',

]() 6 ', .

cf.

eV eo\

Toiis

d.

The most recent disSavigny-Stift. xxxvii.
Mus. 483.
41.

for this verb in the sense of
;

alienate

'

P. Brit.

The

to

cf.

1.

33.

the 23rd of that month (1. 21 51), and the praefect had already given his answer (1. 27), the deed is likely to have been written in the period Pachon-Mesore. rather than is to be restored on this analogy 14.
in

[][ ([][\
15.
1 6.
:

1252

(:

=

€€]7'
IS

verso. 17.

cf. int.

and 1405. 17

the deletion. 20.
21. 23. 24.
27.

;
'''>
:

7][]^/6,

:
is
cf,
.

€}]:

[][€
is

,
less

€6]07-'
ejri
is

likely,

not Satisfactory, but
in

hardly long enough.
1.

At the end of the

line

was perhaps included

17.
cf.

The supposcd
7,

more

like

or

.

1408.
8(e)t

(

but not

6€,
. .

.

can be read.

.

.

[

:

or
:

(^()
:

OV avro(s)

.
is

() .
\

the

meaning here

not clear, perhaps

11.

4

a*

f'f

30.
45•

43• 8evT{pa

(]
context
;

51.

[
cf.
1.

: ](/)
(cf.

apparently not cf. 1413. 12,
:

.

\.

'

exceptions

.

the traces are not very suitable, but this

26 and 1252 verso. 16. is perhaps 1252 verso. 20) cannot be read. ..[....] can be read. .] OT

{)

]

]
',

as in P. Leipzig 38.

word

is

required by the
(sc.

().

1643.

Appointment of a Representative.
25*5

XI 1-3 cm.
bears an interesting
list

A. D.

298.

A

deed whereby an athlete,

who
(1.

of

titles

(11.

1-3,

appoints a friend to go to Alexandria in search of a fugitive slave.

The

ment, though called an

13), hardly differs in

form from an

docu-

n.),

1643.
(cf.

APPOINTMENT OF A REPRESENTATIVE
int.).

1642.
1422.

1423, a fourth-century

'

71

for the arrest of a slave, is
is

similar;

cf.

int.,

where the evidence concerning fugitive slaves
6

[{^)
[r^s
]

[ip9
[\{()
5

[€/ €]y
,-^

[
[/
[eds

8]
.

.

.

.]

15

[}] ^. [] ^ [/ ] [
]t/

[ \^\
]
],

]€

^.
coy

'{9) ^^- {)
[\8^
e/y

collected.

[]8^

-Tos

©[y]

ay

[] ^ ,
€,
bu

ToSe

{h5>v)

oWep

?,9
npos

^ipyiv

kva-

k]'

2
and hand

[ ] [ [ .] []? [] []
[k'^av€]v

6\.

-]

]
[],<.
.

€€6€,

^^,

\

kni-

one

-

k€p-

(erovy)

(eroi/y)
(eVoi/y)

-

,
6

[€.]
5.

^y
23.
.

€€ois.

of 7rpo/c«/xem COrr. from

and Athens, . . also called Didymus, a citizen of Oxyrhynchus president for hfe of the xystus, of games, of the rank of excellency, victor in the whole cycle are styled, of the said city of Oxyrhynchus ., and as you InTas am styled, lo AureUus representative to journey to he most appoint you by this my instruction as my I greeting. about 35 years, with ^vhom slave called ., aged fuustrious Alexandria and search for my having the and when you find him you are to dehver ^im up ; are acquainted you too imprison him, ^J^^^'se h,m .. myself, if present, to same powers as 1 should have those who harboured him, and make an accusation before the proper authorities against
'

Aurelius

Sarapammon

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

^^"^

72
demand
valid

.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

and signature of Sarapammon.
1-3. Cf. P. Brit.
'

(egregius) was the customary epithet of 194)) 3.nd Kenyon-Bell's notes, epistrategi and other imperial procurators of equestrian rank, but by the end of the third

(.

[: € €8
Mus.
D.

satisfaction. This instruction I have issued to you in a single copy, which is to be wherever produced, and in answer to the formal question I gave my consent.' Date

1 1

78.

50-4

(as restored

7\\
"^.
For

[ /3''
e. g.

from C.

I.

G. 5909)

2 €[•
eV[t

.

]«[€]>» ,
NfliKO/iJjoewy
. . .

77fpto8ov€iKov

century was applied to persons of less importance, occurs in C. P. Herm. 7. ii. 4.
II.

a ducenarius in 1711.
cf.

4.

Another
i.

^: ^€
OV
{£')

'^-

ivayeiv in

P.

Leipzig 38.

14 and 16.

Settlements of Claims
1644.

and

Receipts.

Settlement of Claims.
I5-3X 13-5 cm.
B.C. 63-62.

Plate

II.

contract, written in the reign of Ptolemy Auletes whereby three brothers belonging to the catoecic cavalry renounce any 1628), claims against their nephew Moschion with regard to a loan of an unspecified amount of silver, borrowed by him some years previously from their mother, who had lately died, a renewal of the loan having been arranged (I. 19, n.). A few lines at the end, containing the list of (six) witnesses and signatures, are missing. The formula resembles that of settlements of disputes or repayments of loans, of which the other first century B. c. examples are all Alexandrian of Augustus' reign (B. G. U. 1148, &c.), while of the second century B.C. examples only the illegible P. Amh. 43 (B.C. 179; Arsinoe) was (apparently)

A

nearly complete

(cf.

a

P. Grenf.

(,
ii,

)'^6
(e. g.

like

1644, the others being notarial agreements
(P.

Baai[XevovTo]s
eTOf[$'

5

\8, \ [][\ \8\ ^-[^]€ €[, ] ]. 9 [][]9, [,] [] [] ? [][]
26,

Taur.

4,

Reinach 12) or

Reinach

11).

Neov Aiouva[o]v

'

ev

kv

\3

[ [],

],

.[...].[.

.]oy

'

10

8^

15

2

25

3

On

^ ^\ \ , ? ,€. [] ^ ^€ ] []€ []^ ., , . [ [\ , ( ][] [ ( [] .
\a]yeLov kvTOKOV

\€ ' '^ \6\ , \9€)(9 []( ?
kniXdvaeaOaL
6

1644.

SETTLEMENT OF CLAIMS

73

9
)(-

nepl
Se

6[€]

€\
5e

kv

kv

nepi

eveKa

ety

6[]
6

kv

\€]
[k]av

€[€]

)( €[][] ] []
7r\ap'

[£] k\a\v

[] €[ [
.

€€ [\

TTpoye-

k€[6]€v[o]

€[]

e/y

kn[i

5]e

[]€,

-

[

[3

letters]Ao5[

[13

]r

[—

the verso

^,

{'\

In the reign of Ptolemy, the god Neos Dionysus Philopator Philadelphus, the of the month 19th year, and the rest of the formula as written at Alexandria, the Pasion, Piolemaeus, and Apollonius, Peritius or Choiak, at Oxyrhynchus in the Thebaid. all three sons of Dionysius, Macedonians of the catoecic cavalry, acknowledge to the son of their late deceased sister Berenice, Moschion son of ., Macedonian of the catoecic cavalry, all the parties being from the street of Cleopatra Aphrodite, that neither they nor any one else on their behalf have or will have any ground of complaint or will proceed against Moschion or his agents concerning the loan of money at interest which Moschion made from the mother of the three acknowledging parties and maternal grandmother of Moschion
'

.

.

74

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

specified

who too has died, which loan has been otherwise by a contract drawn up through the record-office in the aforesaid city in former times, or concerning any other provision whatever of the above-mentioned contract of loan, because Moschion for various reasons has effected the renewal of the aforesaid moneyagreement with Arsinoe under a pledge (?) on account of the above-stated kinship. If any of us violates the contract or proceeds against Moschion, apart from aggression being invalid, the aggressor or his representative shall in addition forfeit to Moschion, or any representative of Moschion against whom aggression is committed, a fine of 500 drachmae of silver, and to the State an equal amount, and nevertheless (this contract shall be valid). The witnesses of the acknowledging parties join in consenting to all the above-mentioned
himself, Arsinoe daughter of Ptolemaeus,

provisions, they being, for Pasion, Dionysius
2.
:

\(
Choiak
in b.

the vestiges of the letter after the lacuna do not suit

3.

c.

63 began on Dec.
;

8—9.
II.

€:
II.

for this

term in reference to the borrower
6[a]i'eiOu,

Leipz.

and 1648. 35>
19is

[^\
14.

7.

qualifies
:

cf.

99. II — 12

8 (\
7.
cf.

.

.

.'

Title.

not

.

\] ^ ] .,
1628.
8,

\€.

.

cf.

P. Grenf.

ii.

22. 5, 31. 8,

;

cf.

1.

1

9

new.

There

20. iv

[]:

is

this word, which seems to correspond to hardly any doubt about the reading,
:

this

might mean merely 'in good

faith',

in e.g. 1105. 21, being inadmissible. but more probably implies

a security of 25-6.
itself
(11.

some kind given by Moschion.

(['][]

:

the circumstancc that the penalty, like the loan

14, 19), was in silver is unusual, private payments in the late Ptolemaic period being generally in bronze. The penalty to the State (also 500 silver drachmae) is higher

than the customary 100 silver drachmae for the State in the Pathyris papyri, but in P. Taur. 4. 25-6 (b. c. 126) an of 20 talents of bronze with 400 silver dr. to the State occurs. In the Alexandrian (e. g. 500 drachmae occurs as an B. G. U. 1 107. 20-1), but the amount of the customary to the State is nowhere mentioned.

(
A. D.

1645.

Receipt for Personal Effects.
2
1

-5

X 306

cm.

acting through her

acknowledgement addressed to a man through his wife by a woman who was in this case appointed by the (11. 3-3, .), of the receipt of money, furniture, and clothing belonging to her lately deceased mother. B. G. U. 419 (276-7) is a somewhat similar acknowledgement, but as the result of an arbitration.

An

?,

308.

[''

8^]€ '\\\\ €[ (). {)

^ 9 []

[
[.
.

1645.

[26 letters]

roy? 'Apaeviov

?

5

[]9

tt\s
]

Av\prj[Xiov

[] []€
r

\[$\

?' [[] [\ ]\ ]9 , ? \[ '!
75

RECEIPT FOR PERSONAL EFFECTS

'],

8l'

[][€]9

avrrjs

8

{€€)

(eVei)

€€

\

[\€\ [] \[€\ [\ ' & ^
'iv,

^^
[[]]
,

MiXaia

O^vpvy[xi\T5>v

.
8

evpeOivTa

[] €[] [] €] [] ,[] €), [ [
[]
[
]

r

[45 letters]

15

, ^, ^ ] [ ,] [ , ^]
, ([]6

kvyp\a]j>ov
?,

,

?]

[],

€[6\,

[\
[]-

^[\ '
[]
?

]....[

[6\

]

.

[.

.

]€

^ [] {^\
[]

[ €]€
'

^ ]] [] [ [
[

^,

[\.

(2nd hand)

([]
^[\[]

[€

]

?] , [^ ,
{)(
^

;

76
[€iV

TO

20

9-

(cetrat

'. €
.
.
2.

[
.
.

^ ?
\,
1.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
vnep

'/2[peiW]

'4€
?

]6[]) ?]? ? 6€. €09 ?.
KeXevaei

of

COir.

Pap.

[]€.

frOHl

.

.

fiom
of

p.

1,

COrr.

.
^

"] .

1 6.

1.

[]/.
COTT.

from

?

1.

8.
jr.

and

(

€ /.
of
COIT.
. . .

COTT.

from
'•

1 4•

^ of
'"•^-

.

1 9.

.

eypayjra.

ei

of

from

iirrep.

In the consulship of our masters Diocletianus father of the Augusti for the loth time for the 7th time, the day before the Calends of September. Aurelia Didyme daughter of Arius, through me her guardian appointed by memoranda son of Arsenius, and drawn up before the Aurelii Gregorius also called Theon Marcus formerly hypomnematographi in office in the 14th and 2nd year, Mecheir ., Aurelius Horion son of Marcus Aurelius ApoUonius son of Isidorus, of the Sosicosmian tribe and Althaean deme, to Aurelius Melas son of Maximus, ex-cosmetes of the illustrious and most illustrious city of Oxyrhynchus, through his wife Aurelia Theodora daughter of Eudaemon, of the said city, greeting. I acknowledge that I have received and been paid in full by you the property of my deceased mother Artemeis found in your possession, consisting of 2 ounces, 4 grammes less one carat of gold of the first quality on the Alexandrine standard, and out of 20 talents of silver belonging to her, received by you in accordance administration, 14 talents, the complete amount, from hand to hand, the with a deed of remaining 6 talents having been paid to my mother in her lifetime ; a wooden bed, 2 small worn cushions, 2 worn mattresses, a partly worn undyed ,, a lampstand, a small table, a worn child's frock, all complete, and (I make no claim concerning this) or any other matter, debt, or ... at all of any kind whatever, whether secured in writing or not, from former times up to the present day, and I have given up to you for cancellation the aforesaid bond for 20 talents. through my And I have issued to you for your security this receipt guardian, who signs since I am illiterate, which receipt shall be valid wherever it is produced, and in answer to the formal question I gave my consent.' Signature of Didyme written by Horion.
'

and Galerius Valerius Maximianus

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

I

xxxii. 544.

minors

cipal officials
cf.

.
888.
int.

2-3.

{
The
;

For the dating

cf.

P.

Grenf.

ii,

72,

75,

as corrected by

Mommsen, Hermes

local official

implies that

and B.
cf.

who was generally addressed in regard to the guardianship of Didyme was a minor cf. 1637. 3, n.) was the exegetes; cf. The hypomnematographi ranked at the head of the muniG. U. 1070.
;

1412. 1-3, n.

898. 26—7

\-) "

probably implies an application in court
KpeivavTOS

]

14th year (of Galerius) and 2nd (of Severus) was 305-6. 4. MeXart: in 1. 16 Me[A]aToy, probably less correctly. 4—5. s is doubtful and ]ou COUld be read ; but here does not suit 11. 6-7 and 9, where the initial lacuna is of the same size and a

The

\\€^
is

:

\\ -

(
much

shorter restoration

preferable.

is a novel 7. The meaning of the interlinear addition is quite obscure, expression in papyri, apparently referring to the quality of the gold. This is the earliest reference in a papyrus to the Alexandrine standard of Byzantine gold, which is frequently mentioned later. Cf. 154. 13, n. 7-8. 1 this seems to mean a deed appointing Melas to [
:

may

be the of Artemeis. The lacuna be the termination of a compound word.

-^
:

1645.

RECEIPT FOR PERSONAL EFFECTS

10. The word before is likely to have been a dress of some kind ; cf. B. G. U. 327. 7 is a new form. nebiKov (= is very uncertain the first letter was certainly or originally, and there was apparently another letter or ?) between it and e, while between and there is a lacuna in which a narrow letter like might be lost ; but, though there is no clear evidence of any correction

^ .
(i. e.
'

may have contained an

adjective, or

^-

77

€(]^\

)
(so.

(

having taken place, unsatisfactory combination.
is

€8[]
like
;

There

is

cedar-coloured a space after
Xd-yoi/

[\,
')

is

not a known form, and is an but that does not prove that this
ov8e
is

separate from the following word.
11.

Something
this line

nepl

beginning of

cf.

1.

18.

The
nep\ is

]6/[,
1 4.

or

ovde^va 7r[poy]

traces of 4 letters near the beginning possible later.

Probably or is to be restored after seems to be a plural maiestatis in order to avoid connecting 15, For the restoration cf. e. g. 1643. 14—15.

.

expected at the might be read

with

.)
A. D.

1646.

Receipts for Rent.
12-7

X

22-5 cm.

268-9.

Part of a series of receipts for rent paid

by Aurelius Serenus

also called

Sarapion (cf 1631.
officialis

i, n.)

to various agents of the heirs of a veteran,
staff, in

who had been

on the praefect's

the 15th year of Gallienus (267-8) and following

years.

chief interest of the papyrus lies in the date Phaophi 23 of the 3rd year of Claudius II (11. 32-4), i• e. Oct. 20, 269, which is important for the

The

chronology of that emperor and has been discussed in 1476. int. There were two systems of reckoning the years of Claudius, one assigning him three years by making his first year coincide with the 15th of Gallienus, the other assigning him
only two by making his
first

year coincide with the i6th of Gallienus.

1646

evidently agreed with the coins in ignoring the 16th year of Gallienus, and making 268-9 the 2nd year of Claudius in opposition to e.g. P. Tebt. 581 and
Flor. 265, which are dated in the i6th year of Gallienus after his death,

which apparently makes 268-9 the
Col.
i.

/
Tf\s

and 1698,

ist

year of Claudius

;

cf.

1698.

int.

Col.

ii.

5

^ - €€ . ? ^ .
Si'

-

2nd hand

{]8 {]-

{)

25

^

78

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

kv

^
7€€,

S.

^

nXovToyivovs

()9 & [] ^ €€ {)

(erovs:)

^ €9
Sl'

(€) ^).
30
^L•

] , ^,
{€

^S(i')

€-

eSa-

cTre-

^
15

{)-

, €
[]
I.

20

[{) —
13.
1.

\
27.

[. /

^ . ?
68(.)
Toe,

\ ]) [
Traces of 2
Col.

€].
lines.

iii.

€6-

3rd hand.

Beginnings of 30
Verso.

lines.

^€]

4th hand 57

«[""].'?
[

..
-8.
officialis

.

(8.
28, 32.
1.

.

1.

evearayTOS.

erovs.

. .
2 2.
1.

e/xoC.

23. .

-

^1.

1.

' The heirs of Vibius Publius, an honourably discharged veteran, sometime of the praefect of Egypt, ex-senator of the most illustrious city of Alexandria, through me, Plutogenes, agent, to Aurelius Serenus also called Sarapion, greeting. I have received from you the rent in money for the present 15th year for the 7^ arourae of land

which you cultivate in the area of Paeimis with green-stuffs, 375 drachmae of silver, total This receipt, which is written in my own hand, is valid, and in answer 375 dr., in full. to the formal question I gave my consent. The 15th year of Gallienus Augustus, Mecheir 4.'
23.

^€'()

:

cf.

1634.

3, n.,

1642.

2.

(^)

Apprenticeship.

1647.

Apprenticeship to a Weaver.
18-9

X

6-8

cm.

Late second century.

A
date

contract

whereby Platonis
is

also called Ophelia apprenticed her female

slave for four years to a weaver to be taught the trade.
is lost
;

The conclusion

with the
in 187,

but Platonis

mentioned again

in 1721,

which was written

1647.

APPRENTICESHIP TO A WEAVER

79

and 1647
it

322

weavers from other nomes are P. Tebt. 385 (117), 442 (113), B. G. U. 855 (147), cf. also B. G. U. 1125 (B• C. 13), 96 P. Grenf. ii. 59 (189), P. S. I. 241 (3rd cent.) (3rd cent), 724 (155), P. S. I. 287 (377), which concern other trades. In P. Tebt.
;

^
{'^6)

is

in formula.
;

approximately contemporary with 725 (i 83), which closely resembles Earlier contracts with weavers from Oxyrhynchus are 275 (66) and
is

B. G. U. 1021, which also concerns a slave at Oxyrhynchus,

with a

and of the

third century, being less complete.

Similar contracts with

384
P.
11.

(10) apprenticeship to a

Flor.

44
n.).

(158).

weaver is combined with a loan from him cf. 1647 mentions a new tax on apprenticeships (eK5oVets
;

44-6,

On

the verso

is

a

much

effaced letter of
25

Apia

(?).

'\'\ ][77][ [^ [] ^€[

?€ €[
a7j\o

^,

[-


3

. , [][]
knl

\

-

5

[][9\ */[-

[]'[']

[€-

?
VOS
Toavls

!€[ ?
ye/xSioy,

€[,]

\ \\€[€6€)(€

MeiKpa[9

[][
[][-

np[o]s

15

^?
e^fjs

20

^

^ ^[eVow]?,

^ ^ €\
([]
e-

8\

35

^,
',
[,
[]
45

8[-

'

€[

4

[ [ €[ , [ ^]

8]e

€[ €
[^i[e

iav

-

Tii'[as]

[€-

'

-

['\ \\ €
,^ \\
corr.

67r[t]

^
6

^[6,
[€€[

[€\

[^€€

\\
47•

€-

I'j,

.

8
'

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
is

Platonis also called Ophelia, daughter of Horion, of Oxyrhynchus, with her guardian her full brother, Plato, and Lucius son of Ision and Tisasis, of Aphrodisium in the Small Oasis, weaver, mutually acknowledge, Platonis also called Ophelia that she has apprenticed to Lucius her slave Thermuthion, who is under age, to learn the trade of weaving for a period of 4 years dating from the ist of the coming month Tubi of the

who

present year, for which period she is to feed and clothe the girl and produce her to her from sunrise to sunset in the performance of all the duties to be imposed on her by him appertaining to the aforesaid trade, her pay being for the first year at the rate dr. of 8 drachmae a month, for the second year 12 dr. a month, for the third year a month, and for the fourth year 20 dr. a month, and that the girl is to be allowed annually 1 8 days' holiday on account of festivals, while, if there are any days on which she does no work or is ill, she shall remain with her instructor for a number equal to these at the end of the period, the taxes upon the trade and imposts upon apprenticeship being chargeable
instructor daily

6

to the instructor;

this is probably a village in the Small Oasis called after a shrine 7. of Aphrodite (Hathor), rather than a temple itself; cf. e.g. 7.19. 10 The Small Oasis had a metropolis (Psobthis, \Elaeio]v, referring to an Oxyrhynchite village. 485. 18), and therefore presumably included a few villages.
:

8
eV/j
:

and Lucius on

his part

.

.

.'

13-14.
P. Tebt.

:

in B.

385 two,

in P. Grenf.

G. U. I02I the term is three years, in 725 five, in 322 and ii. 59 20 months, in B. G. U. 855 18 months, in 275,

P. S.

L

16. [erovji: there

241, Tebt. 384 one year. is not room for

[

eVov]? (sc. of

Commodus

;

cf.

int.),

much

less for

two
the

figures.

16-17. In B. G. U. 1021. 14-15 the master of the slave was, as here, responsible for food and clothing, and similarly in 725. 15 the guardian of the apprentice was In 275. 14 sqq. an allowance of 5 drachmae a month for food responsible for the food. and 12 dr. at the end of the period for clothing was made to the father of the apprentice by the instructor, who was not responsible for the food and clothing in the first instance, and In 322 and P. Tebt. 385 the arrangement was somewhat similar to that paid no wages. in 275, the instructor paying 4 drachmae a month for food and providing the clothing, but

no wages.
22.

rather than is G. U. I02I. l6; 725. 13, though cf. 275. 11 in 725 the apprentice was paid nothing for 2 years and 7 months, then 25. 12 dr. a month for the rest of the 3rd year, and 16 and 24 dr. a month in the 4th and 5th years respectively; in 275, 322, and P. Tebt. 385 no wages were paid; cf. 11. 16-17, ^• In P. Tebt. 384 wages are mentioned in I. 20, but not specified. 39. beKaOKTa: in 725. 37 20 holidays in a year were allowed. Possibly the tax in P. Tebt. 384. 44-6. This is the first mention of f/cSoVfwi/ which was paid by the relatives of the apprentice in 1 1 doubtfully read as paid by the instructor, is really identical. Weavers and contrast to the of the city being at Oxyrhynchus were organized in a kind of guild, one of the called the and it is not surprising that the government took the opportunity of levying an impost on the right of entrance. 322 (cf. 275. 17, n.) also mentions the which was apparently paid, as here, by the instructor, whereas the poll-tax, were and were paid by the mother of the apprentice. In 275 all the paid by the father of the apprentice but in P. Tebt. 385 they were paid by the instructor. 725 makes no provision for the payment of taxes. The annual on weavers at

probably to be restored

'.
^,

SO

.

in

^ .

€}€

,

, .
;

^

1647.

APPRENTICESHIP TO A WEAVER
int.),

8i
but somewhat

Oxyrhynchus was generally 36 drachmae in the first century (288. higher rates occur in second-century Fayum papyri ; cf. P. Tebt. 305. 47. The papyrus probably continued 6 8e [Aou«oy

.,
{i)

(8

int.

\

as in 725. 47 ^qq.

Abstracts of Contracts.

1648.

Abstracts of Contracts, etc.
15

X

44-7 cm.
list

Late second century.

On

the recto are parts of four columns of a

of abstracts of contracts and

other documents concerning the property of a family, similar to a Strassburg

Archiv iv. 130-42. The papyrus was reduced in height and joined to at least one different document (of which traces survive to the left of Col. i), in order to receive on the verso an account of proceedings before an emperor (33), and only the middle portions of the columns on the recto are preserved, while the beginning and end of the whole list, which may have extended over other columns in each direction, are lost. The Strassburg papyrus, which is complete at the end, has the signature of an official, who was no doubt connected with the record-office where the documents in question were kept, but to whom it was addressed is unknown. Both it and 1648 may have begun
papyrus edited by Wilcken
in
iK T7/S

and B. G. U. 861, which contained very similar lists of documents, generally in abstracts. 1724, 1725, and probably 962 verso are also of the same character This group of abstracts of miscellaneous documents of different as 1648.
dates relating to a particular family
abstracts of
is

;
it

"/^?

)/•

(or

7]%•)

.

,

.,

like 1649, P. S.

I.

4,50 verso,

to be distinguished from (i) the official

and B. G. U. 1072, and
1179

€9 (,
+ Flor.
The
is

€€

documents concerning
(2)

real

property

{^)

drawn up

with marginal annotations, exemplified by 274, P.

Amh.

returns of contracts sent in monthly to the

51, Cairo Preisigke 31, B. G.

such as P. Flor. 24 and probably 25, Leipz. 31, Brit. Mus. U. 540, P. S. I. 190 (?), 221 (?), SB.

in

the
98,

These two classes of lists, besides the actual documents themselves, 5167-73. probably formed the material on which lists like the present one were based.
earliest date

mentioned
(1.

in

1648
in
;

is

A. D.

57
is

(1.

6^),

and the

latest certain

date in

169-70

4)

;

but

1.

70 there

probably a reference to the

25th year of Commodus (a. D. 185) cf. n. The recto of the papyrus is in any case likely to be earlier than the reign of Severus both on account of the handwriting and because the emperor with

whom
G

33

is

concerned

is

probably Marcus
can

Aurelius or

Commodus.

At

least six generations of the family in question

;

82
be distinguished.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
These are
in chronological
;
:

order (i) Petosorapis (II. 39, 59) Zoilus I (11. 26, 37-8, 46-7, 58 living in A. D. (3) (2) Sarapion (11. 38, 46-7, 58) 117-18); (4) Saras (11. 4, 18, 37, 41-2, 46; living in A. D. 154), who married
;

and had a brother Theon (11. 46-7) and a sister Terathonis (11. 4, 9, 18, 42; living in 165-9), ^^'^o married Herais living in 168). living in 168) (6) Taaphochis also called Ta onutis (1. 17 (1. 14 Since the order of the entries in 1648 is not, like those in 1649, chronological, and many of them are quite short, dates being frequently omitted, the relationship of several individuals mentioned to the six generations of the family in question is Thus Sarapion who was living in A. D. 80-1 (11. 43-4) must with his not clear. but possibly (i) Petosorapis was the son of father Sarapion be distinct from (2) one of them. Saras son of Zoilus surnamed Amois (1. 68) is possibly identical with (4) but he is more likely to have been the son of (5), since the entry concerning him probably refers to A. D. 185, and this Zoilus with a surname may be distinct both from (3) and (5). The documents described include sales of slaves (11. 4-12), house-property land (probably 11. ^S-^), workshops and materials connected with (11. 13-31), dyeing (11. 50-64), receipts for taxes on the inheritance of catoecic land (11. 37-42), divisions of property (11. 43-7), a loan on mortgage, which had been subjected to (11. 68-71), receipts of an uncertain character (11. 72-4, 83-90),

Hermogenis
58);
;

(1.

18)

(1•

(5)

Zoilus II
;

.

;

;

;

^
L

(11.

75, 91-3),
(1.

a

66), contracts
(11.

;
79-81).

(1.

32, .),

perhaps a

of uncertain character

;
(11.

(1.

82, .),

76-8),

and

an extract of some kind

(eVoyy)

5

7

ij-

()

? ()

{)
/.

€€)(9

{ €{)
Parts of 3
lines.

^^){6) ^
i.

Col.

(eVoi/y)

{) {)€ \[^) () ? {) {)]{) [
€T€pov

\(9)

-

8

[]

1648.
15

8{9)

[.]{€ } {5) {) ^[]9 {) €8{9)
2

^

ABSTRACTS OF CONTRACTS,
KauSaiov

ETC.

€ [] {) ^{/)
..(
)

83

?)

[

[]

] {) []{) [9] {) \\) []{ . , .
[
[

^[.
0€

?.]....

8{) [{5)] ]€09
[kn

]

12.

.

14•

Col.

.
line.

26

(^Tovs)

\
30

35

' () . € . {) € ^ ^. -? ? {) {) {)
6{)
. .
.

{9) ^{) [' ](6{) {?) €() {)» /[]{) {) €.{\) ^{)
eiao8{ov)
(

!() " 9[] ? () ', "
Traces of
knpiaro

.'

de

{/)

'

\{9)

eVcpa

)

,

.

.

{

)

€(}}(^)

.

€19

4

(9

{9)

{) [] ?" {€) {) . . {) ^?
?)

€{9) €

66{)

{) [ €{ €{). [9 ] {)
"
(eVoi/y)

^

({) €

G

2

84
45 aXQ^o)

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
SapaTOS
/oy

{)

[]{) () [] S
{erovs)

TlavvL ly

{9) {€) {)
line.

). {9).
6{)
Sk

Remains of
29•
1.

\\ \ (\.
Col.
iii.

50

[) () {) (), €{€) {) ^) {)
Remains of
line.

ey

kv

8>\\^]\{)

55

^
y

6

^, {\) {), 6{) {). {€) )(^ . () } ^{) () {)
epye
.

€,
€0

.

}

()
(
)

Trj

{€)) ], {€), {€) 6{)

6(€)

^5

{^)
kv

€€{)
70

€/€(9)

()

€ , () {) {) ^ {){) [ { [
6{),
kv
Se

^

59•
1•

88{.)

{.)^,

(()

{)

6().

6{€)

{)

()

?)

['

{))

^

?

]{)

L•

]{)
avTois.

L

{)

{)

1648.

ABSTRACTS OF CONTRACTS,
Col.
iv.

ETC.

85

75

6\{

. €{ — ) '[ — [—
[.]
.

[

85

{)

)

q[

^ 6[ —

{)

?)

.

*Av€[


[ [

[

[
[

(eVouy)

-

[


.

€{9)
80
TcTToviv

U

90
.

{) — ] '8[ {\)
[

— ^€[ —
[

nepl

avTiy pa{(pov)

(erouy)

84.
'

— .

[ .
?

[9 —— {) {^)
[{9) —
.

avSpos

auTifjs)

[

[

{).

[

Traces of

line.

85.

88.

of

COTY.

loth year of Aurelius Antoninus, Zoilus son of Saras bought from Pelechon son of Castor the female slave belonging to him, Thermuthion surnamed Isidora, aged about 18 years. 6th year of the Aurelii Antoninus and Varus Caesars the lords, Zoilus bought from Phatres son of Phatres his slave Psais now surnamed Agathodaemon, aged 3, and another Psais surnamed Ammonius, aged about 4. 8th year of the Aurelii Antoninus Caesar the lord and the deified Verus, Tubi 18, Herai's daughter of Candion son of Candaeus with her guardian, her son Harouetes son of Sarapion son of Trophimus, bought for her daughter Taaphochis also called Ta onutis daughter of Zoilus son of Saras, his mother being Hermogenis, from Diogenes son of ., his mother being Cedilla daughter of Lucius, an The ... son of Didymus also called arion, the son of Pausiris son of Sarapion, his mother being Alexandrian, and A house belonging to them in the quarter of Pammenes' Garden. 2nd year of Hadrian, Zoilus son of Sarapion bought from Heron and Horion their property, owned as regards | by Heron and as regards the remaining |• by Horion, consisting of a house, yard, and court and other fixtures, and an entrance and exit by the side of these, and appurtenances, in the quarter of Pammenes' Garden. upon Sarapion son of Athenaeus, A memorandum served by Clearchus son of
.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

concerning dyeing- workshops. A contract concerning ^ arourae at Palosis. A contract concerning 4 arourae in the areas of Tepouis and Senuris. Tax on land-distribution paid by Saras son of Zoilus upon 6 arourae in the area of Palosis inherited by him from Zoilus son of Sarapion son of Petosorapis, and 3^ arourae in the areas of Tepouis and Teouchis (?).
guardian of Di
.

.

.,

.

86

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Tax on land- distribution paid by Saras and his brothers. Tax on land-distribution paid by Zoilus son of Saras on
land inherited from his

father.

Copy of a division of property between Sarapion and Heron, both sons of Sarapion, in the 3rd year of Titus. Ditto in the 17th year of Antoninus, Pauni 13, between Saras and Theon, both sons of Zoilus son of Sarapion. Ditto between Saras and Theon, both sons of Zoilus son of Sarapion. and the drains in vacant spaces on the west of the workshop, the use of ^ the
. . .

above-mentioned being reserved for Epeus son of Sarapion, freedman of Demetrous daughter of Plutarchus, of the said city, for his lifetime in accordance with the aforesaid The adjacent areas are on the south land of the will, and ... at the workshop and drains. heirs of Damas. on the north land of Philonicus, on the east a street, on the west
a garden. Sarapias and Aunchis, both daughters of Harthonis son of Paapis, and their mother Terathonis daughter of Zoilus son of Sarapion son of Petosorapis have sold the produce and roof and dyeing-workshops constructed jointly, which belong to them in the aforesaid dyeing-place, and the leaden pot and earthenware cask which they possess there, and further the vacant spaces which they possess on the west of the Avorkshop. 3rd year of Nero Claudius Caesar, Pharmouthi i, through the office of the agoranomi at Oxyrhynchus, deeds concerning previous ownership of the ground on the west of the

workshop.

He borrowed Publication effected by Saras son of Zoilus sumamed Amois. 1,000 drachmae at 6 drachmae a month interest from the present month Pauni of the 25th year on the security of a half share of a house owned jointly in respect of the remaining .' half by Zosimus son of Pausiris with its fixtures
. .

14-18. Herais was married twice, having a son by Sarapion (1. 16) and a daughter by with the genitive, is The dative in 1. 17, apparently in the sense of Zoilus (1. 18). and connect the dative with that word. unusual, but it seems impossible to read there would be room for 2 or 3 more letters in the lacuna, but 20. is regularly abbreviated in 1648, and there seems to have been a blank space before

^€ , .
^, €8•.
though
32.
that
is
cf.

[{6)]

[)

:

not a
P.
;

known name.
Tebt.
cf.
1.

scems to be meant
is

33. 35.

Here, however, a document concerning 316. 12. 68 and 1472. int. &c.) and not a known form (though cf.
;

seems

to

be only a misspelling
:

cf.

cf.

\Q^9 passim and
and
in
iv.

refers to a

a notarial contract in contrast to a Palosis was in the Thmoisepho toparchy; cf. 1659. 88. cf. 721. 9, 1285. 63. 36. Tepouis and Senuris were in the this tax was payable on the grant or transfer of catoecic land, 37. Ttkos whether by cession or inheritance ; cf. P. Tebt. 357. 3, n. like Tepouis this village, which was no doubt in the 40. ?) (1. 36, n.), is unknown, and the reading of the first four letters is ver}' doubtful ; but a village in that toparchy known from 1659. 14, is not suitable here. in 1. 54, P. Brit. Mus. 1 1 77 (an account of water-works). cf. 50. III fts 91

{) €{
:

.
9 to a

,

in

,,,
1.

6i.

P. Strassb. {Archtv

"

iv. 134-5), where in iii. 41 probably, as Wilcken remarks, implying Here and in 1. 36 a sale is probably meant.

;

:

"

€{€)•.
^(')

€({) \

1 86

(\({\\ (

(€) 6(^),

(

\ /•(

)

(^

?) {^

)

'{),

(^/),

1648.

ABSTRACTS OF CONTRACTS,

ETC.

87

", )
with
11.

237 «« '"^^' tls \{<) {}\ovs , 1220. 1 6 247 1 "S ^[^{()] as baskets for receiving and in those instances explains Reil (Gewerb. 65, 83, 85) rh emitting water in a shaduf ox sakiyeh ; cf. Etymol. Magnum (cepaTimi tO which PhotiuS and SuidaS add «VI Se alrm XeyoVerai ai

But here a

, ,
2l8
y,

^()

^€{)

({) (({), {) {) ^^-

.

€€{) {)
J?


\
/

f,

of any rate they seem to mean pipes for introducing and letting off water properly as 11. 57-67 ; cf. especially I. 50 11. 50-6 apparently refer to the same in 1. ^t A stop should perhaps be placed after the symbol for 63-4, 67.
at

for

instead of after

«^(/).
construction of

not clear, epye . ( ) is possibly The « of 8e is raised slightly above the line but not a. could be The letter following in 1648 (though cf. is a more extensive abbreviation than is usual but in 1. 52), and a dative does not connect well with the precedmg in 1. 84 and is not suitable. sentence, while tS>(v) in 1. 39. he is obviously identical with 50 and Hesych. Eccles. X. 18 cf. 60.

53-4.

The

.

.,

i

is

€{){).
.

/

-

\

({84)

,

{\)

'€{(€)
. .
. :

. 8
66.

€{)
:

:

LXX

8, ^^{!)
less

«5«•

68. 69. 6

drachmae per 1,000 a month
:

per 1,000; but

very well

not likely to refer to Augustus so that Hadrian in question, but the 2 ist year might refer to Commodus is presumably the emperor is merely a quotation Antoninus, besides Augustus and Tiberius. or For [^ of 1648. from the original document, and has no bearing on the date was and either [' oMias), for which cf. e. g. 270. 16, there is not room, should be read. The vestige of a siroke or written (cf. 11. 53-4, n.), joining the symbol for A is inconclusive. is tO be supplied after t{o'is) 71. ^a^ \
but
is

70

K6 i^Tovs ?)

?
:

cf.

1636. 23-5•
is

cf.

1472.

int.

than the usual rate of

interest,

which

is

10

TOKOS (5 per 1,000) is not

uncommon.
the line suits the

the tip of a stroke

coming high above
year
is

symbol

for erovs

possible.

The 25th

^.<{

^.
75.

^^^^,^^^^^^^ ^^
iii.

Cf. P. Strassb.

82.
(cf.
1.

{ 8[
:

[.

]{)
is

{
(or
1.

{

{7,) \{^
^

{)
,

cf.

an 1649, where contracts are regularly accompanied by

more probable than

55 {Archw
:

134) the reading of
iv.

(^[][]6
all

43)

is

inadmissible.

.[)

the letters after bia

. 8,[

{. {),

,{,,)
follows.
-

since
.

rrepi

is

. very uncertain, but

u

8iaip.a.u>s

.

an
(cf.

official

concerning a claim (e.g. about a pledge;
^_^^

to can mean either a 68. 33) or an order for payment

516. mtO^

obably connects with
n.

been an afterthought, especially as the names

A' may have 83, though it is not indented. of emperors are not elsewhere abbreviated

m

1648

;

cf.

11.

53-4,

1649.

Abstracts of Contracts.
2 2-2

X

13-6 cm.

After A.D. 280.

the records of the abstracts of documents concerning the property at Oxyrhynchus, containing brief a century later cf. 1648. mt. The ends of a family, similar to 1648, but about

A

series

of extracts from

l•ov

;

88
of lines are
point
lost,

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
and
fairly certain restorations

of

11.

3, 6,

10, 14,

and 21 combine
it, is

to suggest that about 25 letters are missing in
;

11.

1-17 and 10 more after that
partly

cf.

1.

2, n. i,

preserved

(1.

n.).

The heading The items

of the

list,

showing the source of
is

are arranged chronologically, beginning in A. D,

257
cf.
1.

(1.

3),

the latest referring to a year which

not earlier than 279-80

(1.

29

;

27).

The lower margin of

the column

is

partly extant, and that the

list

was

continued in one or more columns now lost (cf. 1648) is not very likely, for the handwriting suits the concluding portion of the reign of Probus better than the
fourth century.

The
lost.

first

two

entries
1.

(11.

2-8) mention a

woman

called Sarapias,

and a

different Sarapias found in

other names are
tions (i) a

75)

the

supplied in each case
(i.

,
;

be her daughter; but most of the With three exceptions (11. 2-8 and 18-19) each entry men12
e.

may

(i•

memorandum
examined,
i.

or application to
(2)

some

official

;

cf.

1648.

which had been

officially

the verb

^,
(cf.
1.

one or more contracts accompanying
'

e.

'

deposited

in

the archives, being apparently
called

6).

Most of these contracts were simply
;

e.

notarial

documents

cf.

specified

others were apparently and both classes had in some cases been subjected to (cf. 25-7)5 will, also accompanied by a is the subject of 11. 5-8 1562). the nature of the documents mentioned in 11. 2-4 and 18-19 ^^ obscured by the
lacunae.

" / ][ ^^
[

A

,

1648. ^^, n.), their character not being of the nature (11. 14-17,

^^
:

5

{9)
(erovs)

yvvatKOS

^ '[ {)
][']
enl
1

{^)

[?
.

8 letters?

€[ 25
.

letters

€€)(^

{?) [OvaXepiavoD \'\[

!€[
[

14 letters

€' -

\

{€(}) 6{) 6{) € .
e|

?

.\

19 letters

nepie^^ei.

€€[
^€{)
()

^{€\)
14

6{)

letters

-

(eroi/y)

.

{)
[

'[ {)

IJ letters

wepiivn

[ 66{)

?

1649.

^{^\)
15

20

() (€€)
veiov 0)9

, [ ^ ^\ \ ^^ ?) )[9 {€) ^) \{) e^
avT{rjs)

^€/(0)

{) 6{^) {^) [)
?

ABSTRACTS OF CONTRACTS

[€()
-

89

S>v

19

letters,

?

[])(^

<^

ieTOvi)

\] \\[^
3

[

27 letters ay

letters

?

nepii^^ei ?

[

35 letters

-

€€(€)

€{€€)
25

^{) {€) [ 6{9) {€€) 6{)
e^

[ 6{)

.

(eVouy)

66{5)

[{)

?

€€{) k\^n{(i\v) 6[)]
?
6.

.
.

\kve

^ €{€) ^{) {)
€[€
e

e|

[^^ letters

^
1

^6{)
km
.

i^€Tovs).

?

(eVouy)

e^

6[ 6{) [[
nepie^^ei
11.

26 letters

)

?

][€

cos

.

(eVoyy)

g.

{)
.

;

SO in

12, &C.

\.

^1^ G. . Cf. 274• by an extract from a taxing-list, 86 1. I fxepa, followed by an abstract of a lease, 870.

.

{) {),[] '^ , . . . ( ^) €().
eK
(1.

(a year ?) ?) a description of house-property, P. S. I. 450 verso. 48 followed by an abstract of a
. .

(7

I

«

. [. () ) , . 8{) ] €7€ ^

[
8'

5-

.

1

€{)
(1.

€')
iK

erepa,

followed by

^
i

6.

followed

[('

(.)

(()

eK

«

followed by entries about the ownership of house-property, 1287. (sO Vitelli from P. S. I. 450)

( "€[] {)
of land, 69
€yX(i?/i^ts) eK

«

2.

women concerned seem
(e. g.

[

{)

()

(),

followed by a proper name is unlikely, for in 11. 6-7, 12-13, and 19 the and a verb like napeOfTo (cf. 1. 6), an accusative to act without and a proper name have to be supplied in this line, while a lacuna of e. g.

,
:

here does not suit 11. 6, 10, 14, and 21. Cornelius Valerianus is the elder, not the younger, son of Gallienus, though Saloninus too is apparently called Augustus in an Alexandrian coin of the 4th year (Pfosopogr. imp. Rom. ii. 273). 1. cf. 1725. 2 5-6. peff

50

letters
4.

\?^()

.

.

.

\

-

90
9.

the aorist participle here

{€ {)
?)

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
is

and
14.

corresponds to

For

P. Strassb. iii. 29 {Archiv iv. 134). 22. Since Tacitus did not have a 2nd year, and Probus apparently the first time, the figure of the year here and in 1. 24
;

^^ {)
(11.

in

One at least of the two words has to be in the accusative, and accordance with (11. lo, &c.), inevexdivra (1. 12),
:

24, &C.), while in the headings of B. G.
cf.

(^) (^)
is

is

Unsatisfactory.
in
cf.

{€€)
i,

U. 86 1 and 870 quoted
also

1.

n.

1724. 21-32.

possible;
is

in

mentioned
likely to

is

in 1. 27 for have been (or

cf.

1.

1

8).
cf.

25.

For

1648. 43, 82, 9 1-2.

II.

PRIVATE ACCOUNTS
[a)

Accounts of Transport.

1650 and 1650
1650
1

(«}.

ACCOUNTS OF FREIGHT TO MEMPHIS.
(a)

8-7

X

1

6-4 cm.

;

1650

18-4

8-6 cm.

Late

first

or early second century.

These tv^ro papyri, which v^^ere found together and were written probably about the end of the first century, contain accounts relating to the transport of wheat and beans (?) to Memphis by water (cf. Wilcken, Grundz. p. 378), and emanating presumably from a or 1650 is in two columns,
each concerned with a different boat, carrying respectively 550 and 540 artabae of wheat, the various charges connected with which are nearly identical in

.
Aoyos

same order. 1650 (a), referring to another commodity, is in a different hand and shows some other differences of detail, though many of the items mentioned in 1650 recur. 1651, though a century at least later in date, is closely similar. Other more or less cognate accounts are P. Paris 60 6is {= W. C^r. 30) and Hibeh 110 recto, ai sqq. of the third century B. c, and of the later Roman period P. Fay. 104, Ryl. 224 (a), Flor. $^^.
1650.

the two accounts and are put in the

69

{)
""^^^

^^ [) {)
Col.
i.

Me/i(/>eo)(y)

-

.?)]]

2

,

\{)
vkoiv

(^.)

,

? {)
Tr\{oiov)

Col.

ii.


^{Sp.)
yuy]]

{)
(.) {.) -,

{.)

{.)

,

5 yeVouy

[.) ,

)(€
{^\
.),
15

^ {)
,

1650

AND

1650

(«).

ACCOUNTS OF FREIGHT

€{)
{

91

{.) {.) {.) {.) {.)

,

,
6,

,

?)

{
{.) , {.) , {.) ,

{),
?)

(6-

^^ €{$)

{) m

{€.),
e/y

\{)

{9)

;

92

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

6. cf. 1. 24 and 1651. where several payments are entered
:

15

^.
8.

.{)
:

is at the same rale, P. Fay. 104, (evidently customs officials), and P. Paris 60 6is, Regulations concerning epewa are given in P. Tebt. 5. 22-7.

2,

wliere the charge

cf.

ment

for the services of a

P. Tebt. 121. 49, where as in P. Tebt. 188
in the present passage,
e. g.

would be

suitable

enough

^,

(6

8€,
British
9.

Goodsp. 30. iv. 5 eV is found aS an epithet of in 1444. 4 and 1526. 4, and it is perhaps rather with that use and the xeipiapos Ni'ay especially concerned with the transport of corn to Rome (cf. Wilcken, Grundz. 369, P. Giessen 11. II, n.) that here should be brought into connexion. An analogous form which is coupled with and paid to occurs in an unpublished

a current-account book,

^
:

€{().

1257. But

10, P.

Museum
The

was doubtless intended, as in 1. 28. This entry does not recur in Col. ii nor in 1650 (a), and the abbreviations are obscure. is restored on the analogy of 1651. 15, but is doubtful and klkv8{ ) could be read ; was proposed by Rostowzew. The charge for a may be taken to correspond to those for a in 1650 (a). 7, and a and
dative singular
12.

.

Cf. P. Flor. 335.

papyrus of the third century b.c. 18

.

{ ,

has been explained as a paya meaning which is also used in the sense of

(\],

() ()
is

in 1651. 13, 19.

Cf. e.g. the
cf.

in P.
in P.

15

[^.
13.
1 6.
e. g.

memoranda,
cf.

receipts,

21 sqq.).
17.
2, n., is

This extra charge not repeated in Col.

,, ,
the

Hibeh no recto. 22. Hibeh iio recto. 23

sqq.,

and

P. Fay. 104.

a

&c.

word applied to documents of various kinds letters, accounts, The meaning of receipt or ticket seems most likely here
&c.,
in

the CoptOS tariff (O. G.

I.

674.

ii

for other examples of which cf. 1744. 3 and P. Tebt. 347. or in 1650 (a). In 1651. 18, however, i dr. i ob. are

entered

in addition to 4 dr.

{^/).
1650

]

.

,

€€09•
{.)
e

viov

€{)

{.) ,
5

{.)

.
'The
rudder 14
a soldier 4
.. th,

1.

[ €
{.)

^ {8) , {^),
(a).

[

,

{.) , {.) [, {.)

€[{)
.

{.)

{^.),
{.)

[
.

,

,

,

{.) , {.) ,

[re]

{).
,

{.)

[

(or

).

7•

^ COrr.

Memphis

dr. 5 ob., to the
dr.,

commission 14
dr.,

account. For beans (?) 119 drachmae, repairs 5 dr. 5 ob., banker i dr., tax 8 dr., examination-dues dr., storage 10 dr., exchange 2 dr., receipt-charges 2 dr., clerks 4 dr., affidavit dr., to
.
.

.

receipt 2 ob.'

1650

AND

1650

{a).

ACCOUNTS OF FREIGHT

93

I. A stroke above the vestige before \oyos shows that the day of the month stood at the beginning of the line. The initial sum 119 dr. is much larger than the corresponding figures in 1650, so that, unless something other than cost of freight was included, the cargo must have been proportionately greater. here is more likely to mean treasury ', as e. g. in storehouse than 4. P. Fay. 300 eV Cf. P. Brit. Mus. 928. 3-6 (iii, p. 190), where the {.) entry (apr.) a is placed between and (.) (.) (/3.)

^:
7•
(ii.

())

.

(.) .
cf.

\\
'

'

'

(^.)

1651.

1 3,

9>

.

These
;

soldiers
cf.

may

well have been the
Brit.

who commonly accompanied
99

cargoes of grain

276. 8-10, P.

= W.

Mus. 256

recto, (a) 2

Chr. 443), and 1749.

1651.

Account of Freight.
15-1x11 cm.
Third century.
closely-

An
fibres,

account of expenses connected with a freight of jars of wine,
{a)
;

resembling 1650 and 1650

cf. int.

to those papyri.
is

The writing

is

across the

but whether on the recto or verso
V

not clear.

€() () ^) {€6) (^) [^) (),
(Sp.)

,

,

t[€]\ovs
5

{) € \_{) {.
{.)

(.) ^" {.) (.) (.) ,
{.) {.)

,
,

(.) (.),

)^€{)
{€€[)
15
,

{,
{.),

{)
{()

en{l

en{i

) )

{.),
{.) {.)

.

{.) {.)

< {.).
(/?.),
(/3.),

,

.

[.]€

{€.), {€.),
{.)

(] []

{.) {.)
13- ^.

{.).

94
'

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

For 400 jars at 4^ obols, 300 dr., examination dues 4 dr., expense of carriage of wine 36 dr. 3 ob., tax 24 dr., rudder 12 dr. 4A ob., clerks 8 dr., total 385 dr. 2 ob. Extra payments on this, 30 dr., exchange 2 dr. i ob., affidavit 3 ob., total amount 418 dr. Timber 14 dr. 2 ob., to a beneficiariiis 4 dr., total amount 436 dr. 2 ob. To a boat 4 ob., ... 4 ob., receipt i dr. i ob., to an examiner i dr. i ob., to a soldier on guard 2 dr.
2 ob.'

may be equally well read as y, but the third seems to be plainly , 1650. 5, 23, 1650 (a). 3) is thus unsuitable. The sense, however, is much the same ; cf. 1650. 5, n. this is ^ obol in excess. 7. 8. The symbol at the beginning of this line is commonly used in accounts to indicate deduction, which is here obviously excluded, the following items being added in 1. 11 to the
4.

The

first

letter

not

V,

and

7{e]iOi;r (cf.

()

:

preceding total. If, however, the sign is interpreted as equivalent to ,, like the Ptolemaic I», it can include other meanings than those of division and subtraction, and becomes easily
present passage. cf. P. Fay. 104. 20, where the next entry is proposed in P. Hibeh no. 25, n., is wrong; cf. P. Flor. 335. 11). 16. A vestige of the first letter is consistent with e. g. r, .
intelligible in the

12.

:
Cf.

1

8.

This second charge

(cf.

19.

1650

(a).

7,

n.,

comparable to fh and 62. 13, where a
1.

2)

is

beneficiarii

with the embarkation of corn. introduced (1. 13),

On
by

the staiionarii, including centurions, decurions, and the Romans for police purposes see Wilcken,

'
,
19-6 cm.

{2(8
17.

as

\[) 8{) in 1650.
is

mentioned

in

connexion

Grimdz. 413-14.

1652.
{a) 5-2

Accounts of Transport.
X
14-2 cm.
;

These two short accounts, written by the same hand and following the same Lower toparchy of the nome. The names of the villages precede as headings, and below are entered various sums for Ti\aTVTni]y'uuv bpoabapv, and each of these being followed by a kind of ^ol•aypa6eva called the amount of which is always approximately 10 per cent, of the preceding sum. Since three out of the four main items are evidently concerned with transport either by land or water, it seems natural to connect with the well-known (cf. e.g. P. Fay. p. 196). The fourth main item, however, for which large sums are entered in both accounts, is obscure. If this is an unusual variant
formula, relate to two villages in the

$,

,
*

(^) 5

x

Third century.

((
for
(«)

,
^>

, , ( /,

the addition of a percentage for

can, as

Rostowzew

suggests, be regarded as an epithet of

(

is

surprising

;

but

understood.

Col.

• ^
i.

Col.

ii.

(Sp.)

^,

7

(Sp.)

,

WK®^)

\{) {9) [€]{€)

(^)

*^°->

^{)
5

1652.

ACCOUNTS OF TRANSPORT
(<Sp.)

95
(^•) 0^*7'

€/37/

{b)

^ 88{) •
€{) ^{)
()
'

(.)

(^,
7/3,

(5/).)

{.)

,
,

€'7/(')

(^•)
^

»'/5'

/ (.)
{<)

(5.) 'B\/^t^.

6{){){){) {) €{€)
""
{.) r^,

{) {)
hw{<^^)

{.) |, {.)

,

5

{)
{a)
:

^{)

(.)

{.) (.) {.)
{.)

/6,

, ,
:

(V)pl^.
{.) {.)

[[/(.)

/ (.)
for the barges (?) of

'.

'[]'^

dues 672 dr. wages of cameldesert dues (?) 27 dr., crown-tax (?) i talent 897 dr., desert dr., desert dues 52 desert dues 21 dr., freightage of barley for Alexandria 518 men 216 dr.,
dr., total i tal.

Psobthis in the

Lower toparchy

Cronion 299 drachmae,

130. in which Takona ((3) i) was also situated; cf. 1285. sc. I. were two other villages called Psobthis ; cf. 1637. 27, n. There be recognized m the word is apparently novel, but is now to 2. in an obscure account refernng to Pelusium q, where the editor read Thead some kind is indicated by {b) 2. Cf. the analogous form

:
2712

dr.'

,,
cf.

.

and Alexandria.
'"^

^'')
{\
:

A

boat of
':

^

8..

B. G. U. 696. 14, 30, 827. 31, and the

Dakkeh

ostraca Nos. 12-13

published by Evelyn White in Class. Rev. xxxiii. 49 sqqmuch the same way as above the V is a slightly curved stroke made (M 2. vav{r.v) seems to be the word mtended that representing the p. of mA^v\ &c., but

m

^^'

.

This

line,

which

is

damaged by

have been the scaling of the surface, seems to

crossed through.

[S]

Miscellaneous Accounts.

1653.

Account of a Steward.
20-6x9 cm.
A.D. 306.

payments on behalf of his employer This account of a steward, dealing with the 14th year (ot other purposes and (a woman land-owner) for taxation is (of Severus and Maximinus), Constantius and Galerius) which = the and from a roll of which he recto cut off written on the verso of a piece of papyrus Ihe columns bemg visible used for accounts, traces of two had already been to belong to the next which seems steward's account is continued on the recto,

m

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
year.

The payments were
;

chiefly

made

in

silver

by
in

coinage, but an interesting reference to gold reckoned
11.

reckoned by weight, not on both systems occurs

17-18 of. n. Partly owing to the loss of a corner of the document, but more to alterations in the plan and to the inexactitude of the writer, the still meaning of some of the entries is not very clear. Lines 2-14 and 17-18 apparently give receipts, 11. 15-16 and 19-21 expenditure.

^) [ {) {) {^)
[18 {irovs)
(eroyy)]

Verso

.

[(9) ?]

]9

€)^

€i[s]

5

et?

{) () {)
ii

^^) ^^^)
{)
{^)

7rp(os)

{){9) .. '4

{) {)
^ {)

Si•

(){.)

()
q:

,

€(€?)
^[/'?
15

(){.) L•

{.)
,
o(Ji)y{K.)

/
kv

(}>){•)

{..)

[.)
apyvpoKOn{q>)

{){.)

{.)
(.) .

[.)

^.) ,

KaOapaiws

o(y)y(ie.)

(){.)

.

\_{)']

§>
(eroi/y)
o(y)y(/c.)

2

{)

(>.) .

€ ^

{.)

]

if
. .

y
.

[.

{.)
25

[] {.) ^] [{)
(eroi;? ?),
o(v)y(/c.)

Recto

[()(.)

{.) .
€,

{.) ,

[][€ {)
e

{){.) aU {){.)

{)

{.)

{.)

{){.) .

{.)

1653.
6
i8.
p)

.
19.
1.

97 ACCOUNT OF A STEWARD 15• -•) «^er an expunction. II. vnoX '...
rf,

oXo^orW.

..

21.

corr.

25.

of

o;.ov corr.

from

y.

Account (?) of uncoined silver delivered Verso 'The 14th and 2nd year, Mecheir 12. levy to be delivered on account of the extra by the land-owner and transported to Hermopolis of ^'^ for purpose of taxation at the i^te of uncoined silver imposed (by ?) Baylhus, 8 gr. By another, 2 lb i oz. ^'-^^^^i^'^.^^^^^ of corn by the public measure, as follows. he remamder 7 ozoz. 2 gr. left by the land-owner, reckoning 'the out of /lb., after Sarapion, silversmith 2 lb. 3 0z. 17 gr., Total 2 lb. Si oz. 6 gr. (Phamenoth 2, to 10 or (Remainder) Likewise 2 oz. 10 gr. of gold in 12 solidi i oz. 12 gr ) foVrefinin^ these land-owner on Phamenoth 17 of the 14th and
;

4

F^om

Sh
:

thl'e

we^

delivered to the

2nd year 3
1

oz. 9 gr.'

Traces

of

two strokes following

{^rovs)\ as in

1.

20, are visible.
i

2

Part of a stroke before
cf.
e.

L^,ov

g

indicates an abbreviation. Thead. 33. and P. S. I. 3x0, where 1524, P.

oz.

* was equivalent

.

,

.

to

^'"^.)
is

U

I

ro?-clear whether .0.

is

to

used in connexion with a payment balance of the account, or part seems to re?er to the repayment of the
to the State,

be supplied. In 1. 4 .apaSoVo.(^.o.) which is unusual; but in 1 19
ol
it,

.^,

to the

...
^-^,

^^

%'

an extra r^. eV.^. r^j. ^aoypaa, ov (cf discussed in P. Ryl• 202 the luic lue forced cultivation of State land, refminAo reierrin lo receipts

''?i.oM(.V,.) febt 391 19

^.: - --

this

can mean either the i.^aXKov

^pc

of an ordinary tax

charge
i, n.,

:^;'"•1?:

. .WX Zt t r»..V,. .V.e.X5. {«.™ «.- »P.'-Sambiguous Here

«!
4

{)

Li'p'Vhead.
is

added

m

33%")
one fa^^)

.''as

a series of receip^

^.
(c[.

and

-f .,.

I'ea,

7;;7^f;;'4f^^^^^ however, "••^';> but thosi instances too are \f'°^^X2e cl. 1 "n > about 4,000 draclimae cf I. -, n.) oz. of s.lver land-tax, for not at any rate ordinary of .00 artabae of corn at lh,s Pe™* seems too small a sum to be the equivalem

"-'>,,

=

Setpi::^rreiy^:oL°-^;.a;;:ithS:e'x^^
at

any

rate to

be a general term

for taxation rather than to

have a special reterence to

a propel

name correspono^n

ounnlied with 8C (iXXov,but another person

is

more likely

rr=fwh.^5frSr^%^^ ^' 19-21 imp

If H. ceding heading is not clear ^^ the writer's receipts, in vhich 9-i4 "^', 1. 14 (cf- 1- ^9, "•). "• deducted from the total /f__j„ ,^2^ 11. supplied in \, 9-0 (irom 1. 2). would be the word most naturaUy case P. Grent. 11. 95; 2.

8. :
10.

cf.

''

?Vrri
1.

''

^'^remrvVr's-V^ r;(S/;rnot
that entry

^
m

\


j•

m

beginning of

22,

and

ffj^' ;° '"'" J^^^^
ex
<:

*^pScToFrbufth: ia;'ridt
charge for^refining
17'

-

a suitable reading at the

ht.

i^Snot

later,

can be read In the margin than that in 1. .o. The

w-

app^xim^ately^^^^^

cent.^^^_^_
^.^^^ ^ ^ ^^ ^, ^

„„^„,,) ,,

„,

;

98

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

average weight of each. This is quite in accordance with the numismatic evidence concerning the later aurei of Diocletian, which range from about 5f to 4^ gr. ; cf. Hill, Handbook of Greek and Roman Coins 54-5. Constantine fixed the solidus at 4 gr. cf. 1430. int. This entry, which was written before 11. 15-16 were inserted, is parallel
to
1.

2.

sums in 11. 15-16 were deducted by the writer from that in 1. 14, the remainder is 4 oz. i gr., and since the sum in 1. 21, 3 oz. 9 gr., is smaller than that, after which was probably added at the same time as the insertion of 11. 15-16, (o(v)-y(ic.) can be supplied. Otherwise the addition of \oi[n{aC)\ before i^ /)(/.) becomes unintelligible. Moreover in the entry on the recto the sum paid to Sarapion is deducted from a previously mentioned sum, leaving a remainder, though there the process of calculation is clear. If the account is considered without reference to the addition of 11. 15-16 and \[{)] in 1. 19, e^ hv presents no difiSculty, 11. 2-18 giving the writer's receipts, 19-21
19. If the

\[{)\

)

his expenditure.

For

cf. 1750. int. The first letter can be v, the second than a, but the vestiges of the third rather suggest or , and the following stroke may well be a mark of abbreviation. Xoy(oi), which ve have restored in 1. 2, is inadmissible here but if the reading of the supposed date in 1. 22 is wrong, the word before may have been the same in both lines.

22.

]

te

y

(erovs ?) is very uncertain

cf.

1.

2, n.
;

is

more

like e

;

1654.

Account of Notarial Expenses.
11-9x17.5 cm. About
A. D.

150.

the recto are eight incomplete lines and beginnings of seven more second column from a late first or early second century land-survey list similar to P. Brit. Mus. 267. On the verso in a different hand is the beginning of an interesting account of payments to various persons, including
in a
(11.

On

3,

8,

nn.)

and a alp4rqs
is

^^

(1.

7,

.), for drawing

up or

investigating official documents, besides

purchases of writing-materials.
1.

An

approximate date
in

provided by the mention in

1

1

of Munatius Felix, praefect

150-1 (cf. Lesquier, Varm^e romaine 513). The writer of the account was perhaps himself an official, and the payments seem to have been made at

Alexandria rather than at Oxyrhynchus
Aoyo<s

. {9)
Meaoprj,
€ty

avrovs

{).
S,

5

5>

iripov
€19

aipiTrj
€,

{9)

() \{]9)
[ayo]/oa[y]

{
;

cf.

11.

7-8, nn.

{)

^,

{6.) .

^^-

1654.

ACCOUNT OF NOTARIAL EXPENSES
/?
.

<j-,

'
€£9

{)\^ —
[\[]{^!)
eVoy

[.

.

.]

8
.
.

99

[]{/)

(€.).

[.

8\

'47]['\

— — [

'Account of expenditure. Mesore 3, to notaries for writing 2 memoranda obols, papyrus for these 4 ob. The 4th, for another papyrus bought for cutting up 4 drachmae, to a selecter(?) of the praefect's library 10 ob. The 5th, to notaries of the agora, called for investigating 2 memoranda of the archidicastes 4 ob. The 6th, one notary for memoranda of Munatius Felix ., and for an extract
.
.

6

.,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.'

the view of Koschaker {Zeiischr. d. Savigny-St. xxix. 17'') that these disputed by Preisigke {Gtrowesen 277^) and P. M. Meyer (P. Hamb. 4. Mitteis {Grundz. '') is doubtful. 15, n.), who regard them as private notaries. 1654, in which they are concerned with of high officials such as the archidicastes (11. 8-9) and praefect (11. lo-ii), rather supports Koschaker; cf. 1. 8, n.
3.
:

were

{5)
is

officials

€ []
and
10.

this library, which was not known previously, must 7. aipeTT} have been at Alexandria, for which Cronert, Worierbuch, quotes only an instance from Vettius Valens ii. i in the sense of 'favourer', = cf. P. Leipz. 123. 17-19, ; where a at Alexandria states from the Mendesian nome, and E.G. U. 362. Fr. i. 19, &c., sc. where 30 drachmae occur in the accounts of the temple of The Jupiter Capitolinus at Arsinoe. is generally explained as an official who produced documents as the result of a search; cf. Preisigke, Fachworter 146. That the in G. U. 362 was also at Alexandria, and even identical with our is quite possible, for the next entry but one in B. G. U. 362 is uniformly vn{fp) and P. Leipz. 1 23 shows that the went about the country collecting documents for the central archives at Alexandria at the noraebut the local capitals may also have had or In the present case the payment to a is likely to be connected with a search for a particular document (cf. 11. 8-9), and if so the account was presumably written at Alexandria ; cf. the next n. writes a letter G. U. 888. 4, where a 8. []/)[] cf. at Alexandria, in the name of the archidicastes, and is apparently an official of the If [(xyo]pu[s] is rightly as is now admitted by Preisigke (^Fachworter 130; cf. 1. 3, n.). restored, the probability that Alexandria, not Oxyrhynchus, was the scene of these paybut the next word remains a difficulty, for though the ments (cf. 1. 7, n.) is increased addition of indicates that it is something unusual, perhaps a proper name, neither are only known as a people in NW. India nor seems at all suitable Two letters instead of one and as the name of towns in Cilicia and Aethiopia). can be f, but may be lost after pa, &nd a of and the first are nearly certain.

,
'

€ {])
^,
:

:

\€^

,

'

.

]
(

.,

-

'.

;

^)

.

: »

;

(
2

are excluded. could be read, but the order of words would not be satisfactory.
',

11.

cf. int.

lOO

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
1655.

Baker's Account.
8-2

X lo cm.

Third century.

An
kinds.

account, covering three successive days, of bread

and cakes of various
line

The hand, which is
Except on the

of an uncultivated type, appears to belong to the third

century.

verso, all figures

have a horizontal

over them.

Cf.

1731. i-ii.

Aoyos
€,

€8?
5

,
,

€(9
On
the verso

^^ €
{8.)

^ ^ ()
e

[09.

()
y,

e,

{8.)

h

jfiy

.

[

,

.

€8€[.
,
e

.

{.)

(.) ^{.)^ (.) , {.) ^,

{.)

"

{
,

(.)

,

?)

.

€{) .
12.
1.
.
.

6.

1.

(.

.

Account of the baker Kalasiris. The 5th, 5 large loaves 5 denarii, 20 pairs of dried The 6th, i measure of fine i measure of fine flour for ., cakes 3 den. The 7th, 40 divisible loaves (?) 1 1 den. 2 dr., 40 large cakes 5 den. 3 dr., flour 20 pairs of small cakes 3 den., 2 measures of fine flour 6 den., total 46 den. i quarter.'
'

loaves 3 den.,
.

.

.

cf. e.g. P. Leipz. 97. iii. 7, vii. 5, xvii. 9. apparently a diminutive of a word applied to various articles of food. thin dry cake or biscuit of some kind may be meant. cf e.g. 736. 82. The punctuation of 11. 4-5 is uncertain; cf 1. 11, n. 4. 6. a was perhaps followed by a proper name. The doubtful may be p, or possibly with another letter between it and e. may be interpreted as bread or cake marked off" into segments ; but no such 7. use seems to be known, and the reading is uncertain. Between and there is a dot which may possibly be meant for an o, i. e. for but this again would apparently be a novel use, and there is no in the papyrus at all similar. On the other hand a dot after a date is unusual, and does not occur in 11. 2 and 6. I.
:

[•
is

3.

A

(

(5:

,

1655.
8.

BAKER'S ACCOUNT

in d.

aiKiyviov siUgnum; cf. e. g. a Rainer papyrus cited by Wessely, Latein. Elemente Grdzitat der Papyriisurkunden 51 reaaapas P. Brit. Mus.

1806. 2
9.

The

{) {) .
dialectical

=

Hence

and

are

,
both
1 1-3

€\

e.g. P. Brit.

MuS. 387.
;

,

loi

19.
latter
cf.

found in papyri

for the

P. Fay. 127. 12-13.
II.

items preserved add up to 36 den. 5 dr., the difference between this and the a being accounted for by the figures lost at the ends of 11. 4 and 6. It is, however, not quite certain that 11. 4-5 should not be combined as a single item by reading e. g. Is !?;»] the price of 3 den. for a corresponding to that in 1. 10. In this case the only figure lost (9 den. .?) would be at the end of 1. 6. apparently means i dr., the other 4 being treated as equivalent to i denarius in accordance with the usual ratio of Egyptian drachmae to denarii ; cf. 1431. 3, n. The letters re are written with no sign of abbreviation both here and in 1. 12. For a similar combination of denarii and drachmae cf. e. g. Dakkeh ostracon No. 8 in Class. Rev. xxxiii. The papyrus is broken below 1. 1 1, and 49 sqq., the drachmae being presumably the figures on the verso may be explained by supposing that the account was continued after a short interval.
total

The

46 den. €{.)

()

,

.
X
;

1656.

Account of Food.
30-4

cm.

Late fourth or
in

fifth

century.

An

account of expenses for food of various kinds, written

hand with many mistakes
standing for

of the fourth century

.€/
i.

$,

e.

(e. g.

^,
in spelling.

an uncultivated

The monetary
which became
the spelling

unit

is

abbreviated
in

(

)^

common
in
1.

the latter part

1729-30)

cf.

15.

{^)
oe,

^e,

{.)
5
. .

.

[.

[{.)] .].[....].. [{.)]
[
]

,

1

5

,
{.)

() 9 \()
€'{?)

{.) , {.) {•) ,

,

{.)
y

,

{.) ,
{.) , {.) , {.) , {.) , (.)
0€,

{.)

oe,

[

]/?'9''

€{\\
•°{•)

aKp\u}ou

{.)
€(9)
0€,

,
Kpea?

{)
{•)

2

6\}(^^
.
1 6.
1. 1.

.

[[/]]

8.

Kpfas.

19•

k

. .
1.

,
1.

2 2.

.8
g.

[\
COfr.

{•)
.
1.

First

from .

.
Jj.

I02
'

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Account of a repairer
75 myr.,
.
. .

I received from you 5,000 myriads, from which, for dried (?). beans and small vegetables 10 myr., meat for dinner, 3 lb., Arcadian ... 300 myr., ... for 75 myr., relishes 12 myr., cabbages 10 myr., dates 10 myr., dinner 10 myr., cheeses 30 myr., meat, 3 lb., 75 myr., relishes 12 myr., trotter 12 myr., pure loaves 40 myr., dainties 180 myr., breakfasts 75 myr., heads and honey 8 myr.'

fish(?) sauce

I.

Kopp)

\
'

ovY

ov8e

: ,\ '
evonoiov

the only instance cited of this Avord

factotum
repairer
'

'

or

'

handy
in

'

is

more
is

meaning in the present place is doubtful. The sense of on the analogy of is hardly natural, and accordance with use and the passage of Damascius, in which
and
its
'

man

,

and
4.

are distinguished.

perhaps for

&C.
5.

or . the fourth letter may be , and the seventh may be also remains unexplained. Cf. e.g. in 1658. i. but According to Photius was is unknown. 14. in this sense does not seem very probable. a misspelling of 18. For (?) cf. e.g. 108. 3. is for sc. cf. e.g. 736. 78, and, fOr the absolute use 19. if. P. Tebt. 120. int. the remains of the second letter suggest rather than o, but in any case 20. was no doubt intended.
.

13.

8

,
is

Damascius,
yap

De princip.

33

(p.

87

being USed aS an epithet of

, \,

[

:

»
:

, ; ^
[c)

,

Lists.

1657.

List of Utensils.
2 1-6

X

12-5 cm. in

Late third century.

A
sacks
?

list

of utensils,
1.

which were contained
followed

two

(military haver-

Cf.

I, n.),
(cf.

by a

short letter announcing their dispatch.
list

As
It
is

often happens

e.g. 521,

1290), the

includes

some new words.

written on the verso of 1411, which belongs to the year 260.

[]/
,

5

^ , [\ ,, [\, ,
erepov

8,

15

^^, [] .
y^

€€ [€\

,

€, .
ayyeia

^^

€ ^
<7,

^°^

.

'\\
.

?]/.

[

[.

.]

.

.

.

)(^[6]

' 6[/]

[\-

1657.

LIST OF UTENSILS

103

military case of bronze utensils weighing 24 pounds, containing i dish, i saucepan, a plate, a bean-tureen, 2 saucers, 2 other vessels, a salt-fish-pot (?), making 9 in number. Another military case weighing 16 pounds, containing the same objects and a censer

and wallet

?

friend Theon. ... on receipt of the 2 military cases of bronze utensils containing the aforesaid vessels, which I have dispatched, with the rest, send word to me, Lucia.'

To my

lo) is apparently novel, but clearly means some perhaps a haversack. for which cf. 741. 19, P. Brit. Mus. 191. 10, scutula, scutella. 3. cf. the in G. U. 781. i. J, iu. 7. 4. /37;([]' is a possible reading here, but suits the papyrus less well than though not occurring elsewhere, is a natural form (from boletus). cf. Wilcken, Osi. ii. I218. 3 5. 741. 1 8 6. faoaiarium. is a derivative of 9.
I.
(cf.
I.

receptacle used

13.

be read

. , , [\ . [] ,
:

,
for
a[.
.]
. .

sort

of
'

by

soldiers,

-

=

.

i\if

for

=

<{()
)

=

[]>, which,

*.

7[]/,
. .

if right, is

for

but a
in

14.
It is

word connected with would naturally be taken
1.

for the

() name
but

cf,

the

1^•. pasceolus.
less

nea-K

might

seems

would leave
with what follows.

19 (the
[;^]n[i'p]eiv

last letter is doubtful,

not possible to read

or

[]

[.
X

probable. of the writer, which, however, is less suitable) unexplained.
therefore be connected

The word may

1658.

List of Articles.
17-8
I2-I cm.

Fourth century.

A list of various articles,
papyri,

similar to 1657, 1290, &c., and including, like those

some

rare or

novel forms.

The

writing

is

across the fibres of the
is

verso, the recto being blank except that at one edge there

a vestige which may-

belong to the

5

^ {) [9, [8] 8, ^,
final letter of

a

line.

,

[

e

€[(), ,
[[^^«]1

,

^ €

[

[

[

?, ^.
7•
'•

'^

ev,

.
*

.
[

1.

{).

.

1.

.

^""•
.
.

., 2 Saite jars, 5 palm-wood boards of the boat, 2 couches, a new flagon, a new a small basket containing at the bottom 2 small knives, i pot, i casket, some small nails of the boat, a handle of a kettle.'

I04

cf. Archiv I. by Wessely, Altersmdiz.

:

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
iii.

448 and a Rainer papyrus of the fourth or fifth century cited An analogous measure is im Philogelos, p. 32,

(P. Flor. 213. 6).
3.

cf. 646, 1142. 13, P. Tebt. 414-13• which according to Hesychius or apparently a diminutive of Epiphanius, De pond. p. 178, derives the measure from the Hebrew contained 50 and associates it with the oil-making industry. which Hesychius or remains unexplained. A connexion with 5. is hardly likely. gives as equivalent to

4.

\[8^: '^ /.

? ,

^

9.

For

10.

, :
cf.

,

cf. e. g.

e.g. 1160. 23, n., 1290. 3. P. Ryl. 124. 14, 127. 30.

III.
1659.

TAXING-ACCOUNTS
Account of Crown-Tax.
35 X (approximately) 42-5 cm.
.

a. d.

218-221.

This long and
collected in the

fairly well

preserved papyrus contains an account of sums

Oxyrhynchite nome for Crown-tax (11. i, 130) during a period of five days from Hathur 10-14 in the reign of Elagabalus. who is known from numerous papyri (e.g. 1522) to have paid special attention to this source of revenue cf. 1441. int., where the evidence concerning the mode of its assessment is collected. Of the three columns the second and third are nearly complete, but The position in the first the middles of lines are for the most part missing. assigned to four fragments which do not actually join the beginnings or ends of
;

lines of Col.
11.

i

(Fr.

i

to

11.

1-6, Fr. 2 to
;

43-5) After the heading in
is

practically certain
11.

11. 7-13, Fr. 3 to 11. 33-43, Fr. 4 to a few very small unplaced pieces are ignored.

1-3 (or

4),
1.

which
or
1.

is

imperfect and probably contained

comes in 11. 5 (or 4)-8 a list of sums paid through the public bank of Oxyrhynchus apparently by individual taxpayers (11. ^-6, n.), followed in 1. 9 by another payment at Oxyrhynchus, distinThen follows in 11. 10-119 a h'st of guished from the preceding section (1. 9, n.). whose names are in the nominative (11. la, 86-7, payments through (cf. 100, 118), or their agents, who are introduced by in 1. 125), at various villages of all six toparchies of the Oxyrhynchite nome, each section concerning a toparchy being subdivided into two parts, respectively headed according to the place in which the taxand payers were registered. In 1. 120 comes an entry of 80 drachmae credited
a mention of the year in either
i

4,

?,

,

()

() ()

1659.
to the

ACCOUNT OF CROWN-TAX

105

having perhaps been explained in detail in a note and there follows in added, but subsequently cancelled, after 1. loa (cf. 1. 103, n.), received for the nome together with the total 1. 121 the total of sums actually or official assessment due according to the fraction (5 days make |) of the month. Since the actual receipts were 206 drachmae of the amount due in each were made for abatements (11. 122-4, in excess of the assessment, arrangements case of three villages, a section which has been cancelled, like 1. 103) in the Since payments for official title. which is a new -npbs

nome

in general, this

,
(cf.

effected

by

:^{,),

Crown-tax were made
there
is

at intervals

throughout the year
tal.

1522 and B. G. U. 518),

some reason to infer that 12 assessment for Hathur 10-14, represent
the
(11.

^

amount of the 4l amount due from of the whole annual
5890
e.

dr•

obols, the

Oxyrhynchite nome
125-9) there
is

for that impost,

i.

nearly 950 talents.

In conclusion

a

list

of

sums credited to the Hermopolite nome, partly
which probably adjoined the Upper toparchy
n.),

collected at a

Hermopolite

village
(1.

of the Oxyrhynchite

nome

125,

partly paid

by

inhabitants of a village in

The sum Hermopolite nome (1. 128). that toparchy who had gone over into the added to the (scheduled, not the of the Hermopolite items is in 1. 130 finally nome. The following table actually received) total of the Oxyrhynchite
summarizes the main items of the account
Line
8.
9.
:

23, 32.

43, 45.
56, 60.

77, 85.

92 99.
Ill, 119.

,. ..

. . " ,
4
nome

District

Total

(bank)
(miscellaneous)
[2 tal.] 2900 dr.
[2 tal.
I tal.

[1373
[41 13 dr. 4 ob.]

dr.

2]* ob.

^^^^ dr.

roTT. tot:,
roTT.

3

5]56o

dr.

250
47^

dr.
dr.

1013 dr. 4 ob. [2 tal.] 5[8io dr.
tal.

5907
dr.

dr.

tot:.
roTT.

ital.[4]328dr.|ob. 570

dr.

4 ob. 4 ob.

2 tal. 378 dr. 4
i tal.

ob

4845
I tal.

3* ob.
dr.

ro^.

1356

120. 121. 121. 129.

(miscellaneous)

Oxy. nome (actual receipts) Oxy. nome (proportion of TT Hermop. nome

)

1767 dr. 2268 dr.

489^ dr. 48 ob. ob. [i tal.] 613 dr. 5 ob. [3]^ i tal. 3624 dr.
'?
1

,^'

3 tal. 96 dr. I2 tal. 5890 dr. 48 ob.

u 33^ob

130.

Grand

total

Some doubt

attaches to the totals of the

". and

Oxyrhynchus is obtained only by the total of the bank-receipts at arithmetic of the writer is good the only but the margin of error is small. The obols in two cases (11. 1 22 and 130, nn.). mistakes which can be detected concern the
subtraction
;

^.

42QO ,01 4I i3tal.4i8odr.
dr.
<;

ob.

u

(11.

23, 43. ""•),

and
;

io6

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

For determining his official rank there is no direct evidence, and it is not made who is meant by the second person used in 1. 103 but accounts of payments by individuals for Crown-tax were sent by to the strategus, as the head of the revenue-administration of the nome cf. P. Brit. Mus. 474. The geographical information provided by 1659 is of considerable interest. The order of the six toparchies is the same as that in 1285, which is also a taxinglist, and 1747, a list of persons serving in some official capacity (guards ?), and was evidently customary, proceeding in general from south to north. The enumeration of the toparchies in the Hermopolite nome found in the taxing-lists B. G. U. 552-7, which obsei-ves the following order (i) ()
clear

-^^

;

;

is)

, ,^(,
(7)

(4)

(8)

the district called

(cf.

south to north, so that the

{El-Kiisiyeh) and Hermopolis {Ashmunen), the

and districts between Hermopolis and the boundary of the Oxyrhynchite nome. These toparchies were all mainly or exclusively on the west bank. The district on the east bank, in which (TeJineh) was situated, was called Most of the villages in 1659 were already known, principally from the fuller list in 1285 but new names occur in 11. 27, 42, ^^. 63, 74, and some which were

^^

, , ,
(5)

flept

,,

(g) ITaTe/xm/s

(jo)

1637. 20, .), also probably proceeds in general from
district
is

^
(6)

,
with

Ilept

to be placed between

-?;?

-/?

??.

;

imperfectly preserved in 1285 can now be fixed of the villages in the two sections concerning

;

cf.

11.

14, 15, 70, nn.

The order

and does not correspond, even where, as in the case of the Thmoisepho toparchy (11. 86-99), the same villages are found in both. Usually the section is much the longer and the sums are uniformly much larger, a circumstance which serves to account for the comparative smallness of the receipts recorded at the metropolis itself. In 1285 also, which is concerned with a tax called there are two lists but the order of the villages is the same in both, and the relative amounts of the payments correspond to a large extent, so that there is no reason to suppose that the two lists in 1285 refer to and
;

.
. .

.,

Col.

i.

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[!/]
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j

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9 {)

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.

{) ', {
1659.
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ACCOUNT OF CROWN-TAX
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io8
35 KepKe[ev{pews)
[5'e]i/e/ctAei>

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

]\
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[{) [{)
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'Bfi.
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vfia.
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{) [{• []\\[\{) ]\ . {) {9) {) \{<)' , . {) . [€[ ,
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?)

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{
{.)

TOTT{apyJas)

{) {) ^ ]{/09) {.) [2 {.) / 8 1], (.) {.) ], / {.)
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14'•]

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.,]

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, {\.)

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, /{.) '([.
corr.(?).

Col.

ii.

"
55

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[\€€^ []€^{€
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1659.

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[.)
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.]

ACCOUNT OF CROWN-TAX
ly Si{a)
iS

{)

{)
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109

(Sp.)

Jioyivov?

{€.).

[{9)

{€s)
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[
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,

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.
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,

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•S'fi'Tft)

[]
.

{)

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'(.) {.) , / {.) [.... .[. [.] [{)]
.

][]

'{.?),[/{.)..
Tava€(i>[s

65

'

']

{)
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'[\

70

{9) {.) (.) {.) {) , {) {€)€ {.) {.) , , ^€€{) (.) ^ , {) €{) {) . ., , (.) []€ {)
en{oiKiov)

/{.)^.

'
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.

{)
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{.

[. .].[..]..,

l

{.)

^
,

[....]..,

(.) {.) [.] / [{.) (.) {.) , ly {.)
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\,

{.)

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{)

<^

/ {.)

.

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[] {.) , '(.) {.)

[{.)]

, / {.)
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'Axi^

'ilpiyevovs
.

{.)
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{.)

[.]

€€ [ ]
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[.]

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[..]...[..]
y
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75

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€ {)
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...[..]...[.
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?)

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[] ^ [][]
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.

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()

{.) {.) . {.) {.) {.) , / {.) {.) , {(.). {.)

.

.

no
85

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
/

{])
{.) .


9
^€00)

{) , ^ {.) ^^ [] '{) {) . {) ^ \€[s]
T07r{ap\ias)

{€)

{.) (.)
{.)

{8p.)

(.) []?
95

€ {.) , {.). {) \{)• € {.)
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' {)
ly

() [)'
{€.). (.) .
/

4{9) {\(^) (.)

{.)

'Jco^?/

{9)
,

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(.) , / {.) </

{.)

{9)
, /{.)

,

/

{.) |, ( ) {.) / {.) {.) {^) {.) , / {.) , / {.) . {) {.) ,{.) {.) {.) / (5.)<7. (.) {.) , {.) [{.)] (.) {.) {.) , (.) {.) {.) / {.) (.) . {.) {.), {.) ,

.

{€9})

,

,,
{.).

,

,

{.)

.€]€9
[

[]9

^,[] [][]

. [{€9) {.) , [] {.) , / {.) {.) , {.) , [{.)] {.). ^ {€) {^) / {)] {.) [{.) {.) [{.) . {.)]

]

{.) , / {.) {.) , / {.) {.) ^^, {) {.) (.) , {.) , [.] / [{.)]
{.) ,

.

.{)

.

.

.

55•

corr.

65.

.

100

{^)

^
[[[.

AovKio{s)

'(.) {.)
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.
.

€{)

[]

, {.) {) {9)
?)

[^€]9
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[]

6, / {.)

{ {^ .
{) {)

{) {)
?)

Col.

iii.

\{)'

^

{9)
{.)
{S>p)

{.) , {.) €, {.) , / {.) {.) {.)

^{) ,
{.)

Xnr6v7[os {.)] , j {.) .] {.) , (.) -, {.) {.) , / {.) {.) {.) {.) {.) {.)

. , ' {) ,
,
{.)

€{)
,

, / {.) 'Bvi.

,

,

.

{)

, / {.) .

1659.

^?

ACCOUNT OF CROWN-TAX

iii

[]'
115

[]6

^

{)
XC.

/(V)

[]{)] /m . []^^

^^
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{) ^{)
,
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,

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,

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,
,

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,

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'Atu^:

, ^,

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, / {.)

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20

[]{) {.) / []
{ehai)

'AnoXivapios

[[

() {)
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?)

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,, {.) , , . . , , , {.) , {.) , . . , ,
{.) {.)
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/ {.) {.) / {.) {.) / {.) / {.) {.)

.

/

(.)

{.)

'.
,

(/.) . (.) {.) (.) {.) <, « \{€) [{.)]

{.) {) ^ {.) ^{.){) ? {) []{€)
(.) .
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^^

^/€€9
125

{.)

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[['f«']l

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)

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,

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u,

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'(.) {.) /{.) {.), {.) pi, {.) {.), / {.) {.) {.) , {.) ,

, .

30

/ 6£

{) []€{) {.)

{.) <^.

'

{.)
121.

' {.) {.)
{\.)
but not
a corr.

(.) .

.
I.

:

so in

1.

112.

The word

before

is

possibly

]6[][]^,

]7/[][]'.

112
4.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Possibly

but that word would hardly be expected to have occurred in 1. i. ^to can be Substituted for cf. 1630. 3. "• where tax-payers, not tax-collectors, are cf. 1. ; in 11. with the other 'Qpiyevovs in 1. 6 either refers to a tax-collector, like meant. But names in 11. 10-115, or indicates an agent of a tax-payer, so that a different preposition is in any case more suitable with persons who, as the mention of a woman shows, were in place of in 1. 5 is unsatisfactory, for Claudia evidently tax-payers, is in our opinion a proper Isidora was apparently still living w-hen 1659 was written. ] which is the subject of the whole account. name, not cf. the previous n. is not (), but might be 7. The letter following there may be an abbreviation of a proper name, as in 1. 6. is very doubtful 8. Another proper name or oX(Xas) followed by a sum probably occurred at the The total is obtained by subtraction; cf. int. and 1. 23, n. beginning. the word w-as perhaps written out, the faint vestiges being 9. The distinction betw-een this entry and 11. 5-7 is probably due compatible with but by to the circumstance that the items in 1. 9 were collected not by the but the entry may be supplementary to 11. 5-8 in the same kind TTpUKTopes or their agents of way as 1. 120 (.) is to 11. 10-119. a village-name is lost; cf 1. 15, n. 10. After The the fourth letter being clear. cf 1285. 58, where 1. 14. very well, and not any other vowel. traces of the third letter here suit in an unspecified toparchy is known from 1510 ; but ? a village 1 5. 'E»Tf in 'Ei/retts (1. 123) has to be introduced somewhere into the list of payments o(
(cf.
1.

a line to itself, 5-6.

/[»7] more {) 1;() 128 {) {) 5-6
and
is

\

?
\

9, n.)

;

likely, unless this
:

2•[],

()

()
:

((],
;

.

[:

()

[{(})]

-]€.

,

;

\[{) [€:
[5
:

'[\[(,

cf. 1. 123, n. Other suitable places would be (1. 67); in the list 1285. 68 'EvrtUws can be read in place of of villages of the Upper toparchy, so that 1. 15 is much the most likely place for 'Ei/Tfur. (cf 1. 27) is more probable (cf. 1. 31 and 1285. 55) or In 1. 10 either ) than one of the other villages in 1285. 51-68 Avhich do not occur in 1659. 11-31. is quite The vestiges suit very well, but cf. 1285. 66. 22.

1659, presumably before but 1. 10 or 1. 24 or 1. 44
;

in

*(

[][€{{£)

:

uncertain.
is only 23. The reading 'B is doubtful here, and in 1. 32 the total of the though not clear, is obtained by subtraction from the total for the toparchy, in which a much more suitable reading than any other figure ; cf. int.

27.

(
The
11.

,

)

was previously unknown.
n[avfvei or

32.
33.

Western toparchy

this village, facing (1. 40), is known only from the present 42. simply; cf. n. passage and 1637. 33, where it seems to be called in 1. 45, where the reading depends on could be read in place of 43.
:

is

very uncertain.
46.

{) ': ]
;

Cf 1. 23, n., and int. The village was perhaps
cf.

\<€{!) or [fpe, which were

all in

the

1285. 70-83.

.

]

'\{)
1.

village lost

may

well be

here and in

{))
In

52 and 54 and identified with 54. The toparchy to which belonged was not known previously.
55.

&^\>
.
.

{)
is
is

,: ](^*/'?) '2\\\\
cf.

57.

could be read
1.

in

1.

57.

(cf

280. 8 and 290.
this

6,

where

{)^may

:

this

Village

known only from
suitable.

passage and 1747. 37.
first

1285. 96 [/xo]tz'€[•^(e) well be o. seems to be 63. . [.

not very

The
in

letter

there

different

from

[?]

1285. 105, where, though

1659.

ACCOUNT OF CROWN-TAX

113

is clear, while here the third letter is much more probably a can be substituted for o, is unsuitable, being in the Eastern toparchy (1285. 89). than V. is treated as a elsewhere, e. g. in 1285. 108, 66. inoUiov (1747. 69) is probably cf. 1285. 68.

"[] {{)

different.

1747. 40, where the reading is clear, and 1285. 117, where 1. which was or This village must be distinguished from in the Eastern toparchy (612). the penultimate letter can be p, but the other vestiges do not well suit 71. [.]..[.]. is not appreciably above the line. []6/*[€](') (cf. 1285. 112), and the final cf. 1. 82 and 1283. 6. 72. neeww This village is new. In both places the third letter seems to be 74. TojSa: cf. 1. 79. is also to be read in P. S. I. 219. 4. not , not K, and we conjecture that
70. [TaajuTTtVii for
:

.
:

(;) €{):
cf.

:

. ^{)

" ^

.

(,

-

:

87.

toparchies are different.

, () {)
:

,
1.

(cf.

1 1

8)

is

possible, but not very likely, since the

86-98. The

six villages in the

Thmoisepho toparchy here mentioned

are identical with

those in 1285. 122-7. 103. This line, which is written somewhat smaller than usual, perhaps refers to the Like 11. 122-3, it is enclosed in brackets, and the 80 dr. are ignored in 1. 120. 80 dr. is suggested by 1. 128; but though (') is []6 in the total in 1. iii. before or [], and in 11. 122-3 there is no possible, the preceding letter is not (1285. 137, .) Villages in the Lower toparchy called with village-names. 1747. 55) are known, and presumably one of these is meant. (1529. and could is possible, but somewhat less appropriate; cf. 1674. 18, n. is rendered probable by also be read here, but is in a different toparchy (1. 90).

[]

{)

/; ()
cf. 11.

,

11.

66 and 68 ; but ejioUiov 123-4 though in both places the reading be the strategus cf. int. 104. []5•, which is just the
;

,[) 7{){?), where too
?)

{
are
'

[]

.

€{)

](()
With
to
is

was not known

previously.

the

sum seems

be 40 drachmae,

[
likely to

depends mainly upon the arithmetic.
right length,
is

118.
1

[]:

1285. 131.

.
and
19,

20. 121.
Toi

in the second total

{): ,
cf.

:
:

the

vestiges

very

slight

restored from 1285. 140. and uncertain, but cf.

1.

105

and

11.

9,

cf.

370
1

103, nn. ava\oyov
8, 86. 14, Flor.

[(,
383.
' ;

P. Brit.

Amh.

85.

8, Ryl. 99. 7.

Mus. 131 rectO. 69 For the omission of i obol

122. [(.)] strict arithmetic,
int.

•:

78{)
123.

'abatement', not

and 571. II

sense.

cf.

1.

67, and for 124. 12 5.

',: {) (^€

{) .
cf.
1.

1. 130, n. the writer in subtracting 4 ob. i chal. from 3I ob. 3 chal. ignores and has 206 dr. instead of 205 dr. 5^ ob. 2 chal.; cf. 1. 130, n.

cf.

receipt

cf.

np6s

top, suggesting

({€€)
8),

unsuitable.

{(

{
,
(Brit.

1 5, n.
1.

\[) =
.

8 \{)
letter
n.),

yeveaOm

in P. Brit.

in B.G. U. I 36. Mus. 1157 has the other

;

cf.

1419.

2,

.

For

/7()

I02.

?)
.

:

cfl. 103,
)
:

.

(

so

that

Mus. 1880),
is

{) e{v€s)
in the

second word the (cf. 1637. 27,
(Brit.

Mus. 1765.

(Flor. 50. 55),

This Ibion

(Flor. 50. 30), likely to have been in the
I

T(e/:*e)

() {((
. .

({(

above the
8),

line
.)

has a loop at the

(P. Flor. 344. 2), (Flor. 17.
i.

(Leipz. 99.

28) are

all

most northern toparchy of the

114

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

(cf. int.), near the boundary of the or Hermopolite nome, i. e. Oxyrhynchite Upper toparchy, in which Sinkepha (1. 128 ; cf. 1. 13) was situated. £iiov(yaios) may have been mentioned in II. 10-31, but is probably different from AiowVtot in

^)
11.

40 and 63
130.

;

cf.

I.

87, n.
in
1.

The

total of the

121 added to the
a there;
cf.
1.

sum

in

1.

129

is

J obol
1.

less

than

Probably this the total given here. obliterated when the writer added

^ obol was

written originally at the

end of

121, but

(.)

121,

crit. n.

leeo.

Account of Taxes
15x12-4 cm.

in Kind.
Fourth century.

complete

This fragment of a fourth-century taxing-account, containing 12 nearly lines from the top of a column with the ends of 3 lines of the preceding

column, gives totals of corn, wine, and meat supplied, probably by a village
or district in the Oxyrhynchite nome, to Alexandria (which here has an unusual

accordance with the 'second delegatio\ This connexion with the schedules of taxation issued the second annually by the praefccts (cf. Gelzer, Byz. Verwaltwig 39-41) delegatio which is novel, was evidently an extraordinary levy, supplementary to the first, the corn being stated to be 'on account of the surplus and The distinction between {cxHbera7iiia) of the land-owners '.
alternative
cf.
1.

name;
is

2, n.)

in

technical term

well

known

in

:

'

',

{()

j

(=

superindictuni) in P. Brit.

temporary with 1660, is Greek letters occurs in 1. 8. The papyrus was subsequently used as material for various trials of penmanship. In the margin of the two columns on the recto is in a large hand ^
EiiAoytos
Trjs

Mus. 99 (i. 158), which is approximately consimilar. Another example of a Latin technical term in

^

'{€),

—]

;.

On

the verso, besides

&c., in cursive, are scrawled a few letters

from the ends

of 10 lines of a Christian
occurring.

prayer of some kind, the contractions ks and

^

Sid T€
e/y

5

'. •
{)
[

8/9 €€([/ €^8€ [6
'

Col.

ii.

^{^) 6{) ()

[

[.,..,

,

.

?

^{)

[....,

1660.

ACCOUNT OF TAXES IN KIND
i{iaTai)

{<)
oi

? []\€ {) [{)
.

', /(9€{). {)
. .
:

\ [
.,

115

oviv8{iTOv
.

?)

^{)
?

[....,

.

.

.

?

2.

AfovTonoXis

of Alexandria does not seem to have occurred previously in papyri. the lexica give only Aulus Gellius as the authority for this word. 3. 8. ) how ov(p8( ) is to be resolved is not clear, but some form of the passive of vendo is meant, is unsatisfactory or oi would be expected. This wine seems to be parallel to or i. e. corn bought by the government by forced sales; ci. frumentum venalicium in Cod. Theod. vi. 26. 14, Wilcken, Chr. 359 sqq., Rostowzew in Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. vii. 166-9.

€({)
:

{
IV.

8

[( '8 € (' (
cf.

Steph. Byz.

s. v.

'AXe^avSpaa,

8f

:

,
:

elKoui.

This

'

alternative

name

OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE
leei.

Letter to a Dioecetes.
1

.

1-3

X 96 cm.

A. D. 74.

letter to Heraclides, a dioecetes, stating that a certain Harpaesis was and appointed as such by the writer for the current year, the 7th of Vespasian. The term is new, and seems to have in regard to State land (which is probably meant) much the same sense as sub-lessee

A short

a

'

(cf. e. g.

B. G. U. 1047.

iv. 5, 17),

Themistocles(l. 5) being apparently the original

lessee.

Heraclides was evidently not the high finance-official at Alexandria,

and that he was the administrator of a private estate is unlikely. Probably he was a subordinate local dioecetes similar to the dioecetae who are known in the reign of Augustus from 291 and P. Tebt. 408-9, and were no doubt a survival from Ptolemaic times (cf. Druffel, Arckiv vi. 30). The continuance of these local
dioecetae as late as the reign of Vespasian
is

interesting.

The
(cf.

writer of the letter
1.

was probably a minor
rather than a

9

€. [\ ^. [^?
official, e. g.

a

comogrammateus

6, n.)

or toparch,

2

ii6

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

Harthoonis to Heraclides the dioecetes, greeting. Harpaesis son of Papontos, the bearer of this letter, is the sub-lessee of Themistocles, and by the list of crops of the 7th The 7th year of the Emperor Caesar Good-bye, year I make him a sub-lessee. Vespasianus Augustus, i6th of the month Neus Sebastus. (Addressed) To Heraclides,
'

dioecetes.'

IS to be supplied, the Rostowzew suggests that 4-5. But reign of Vespasian being a period of large confiscations by the government. was a fairly common name at this period at Oxyrhynchus (cf. 373, 375, 377), and the name of the -yeiopyoy is rather expected to occur. That Harthoonis was himself the yempyos is unlikely ; the general style of the letter suggests that he was the equal or superior of
:

. /^ ^€
kariv
5

()

^ ?,
()
Neov

(erovs^)

'<.

iq.

On

the verso

{),

Heraclides
vnoyempyos,
6.

cent. B.C.) or P. Brit.

, , ,
(cf. int.),

and

eis

:

not 8ia for the meaning

2

Mus. 604

'
if 11.

6-7 meant that Harthoonis appointed Harpaesis as WOUld be expected. report on crops ' cf. P. Tebt. 24. 42
'

(47),

document like P. Tebt. 6 1— 72 (2nd which were drawn up by comogrammateis, is probably

,

his

own

8(8€ '

meant

;

cf. int.

1662.

Appointment of a Deputy-Prytanis.
24x9
cm.
A. D. 246.

from the prytanis of the senate at Oxyrhynchus to the strategus, to appoint officially a deputy for the writer during his absence on a deputation, which was proceeding (probably to Alexandria) in order to appeal to
letter

A

requesting

him

the praefect with regard to the taxation of the nome.
as deputy, irenarch,

The person proposed

who had no doubt been nominated by
e.
;

the writer or the senate, was an

than of a village

appointment to
P. Ryl. 77.

. ^ i.

the chief of the police of either Oxyrhynchus or the
cf.

nome

rather

80.

7, 118. 14.

Similar letters to a strategus concerning the

liturgical offices are

59 (from the senate through the prytanis) and

47-52 (from

1

5

€-

, €,

1662.
\lt5>v
5

APPOINTMENT OF A DEPUTY-PRYTANIS

6€9

/
k^ia>v

///"?]]-

\. ^€

2

OvaXipiov

isth.

{). [)

3•

in

1.

26.
*

, '. ,
eVe/cei/

9

.4
8.

25

Upou

[ ?' [ ' €[]
.
(2nd
h.)

^- , -,
)(^€

€'

117

.
1 4•
if

.

7

.

'8.

^.

:

SO

Aurelius Bion also called Ammonius, gymnasiarch, senator, and prytanis in office of Oxyrhynchus, to his dearest Aurelius Dius also called Pertinax, strategus of the said nome, greeting. Since I am leaving with others to meet our most illustrious praefect, Valerius Firmus, on a deputation concerning the quota of the Imperial assessment imposed upon our nome, I beg you, dearest friend, to inform Aur. Isidorus, ex-chief-priest, senator, and irenarch, that he is to act as my deputy in the office of prytanis, until I return. I pray Date. for your health, dearest friend.'
4-5. Aur. Dius and 1119. 25.
is

known

as strategus in the year preceding that of

August-September 247
17
;

Firmus is known to have been praefect from May 21, 245, to Lesquier, Larmee romaine 517. is common in regard to rent (e.g. 1630. or 14. Upox) cf. 1187. 13-15, n.), but here it seems to be a general expression for Imperial revenues. 18-19. In C. P. R. 20. 4 (250) a deputy-prytanis is
10. (Claudius) Valerius
;
'.

cf.

^.
Second or
1767.

1662 from

81. 2

V.

PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE
1663.

Letter of Recommendation.
145 X
12-4 cm.
third century.

An

incomplete
1.

letter

from an

assistant in the secretariate of the dioecetes

(cf. n. on 15) to a secretary of the strategus of the Oxyrhynchite nome, commending to his care one Soter, presumably a kinsman. Other letters of this kind

are e.g. 32 (Latin), 292, 746, 787, P. Giessen 71

;

cf.

ii8

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

\\
5

^a^pe]iv.

ae kv

Oeiuirrj

€, ^
\\
us
e^

ye

[]
€(€)€^
.

pay

,

\\

.

.

^/

[]

-

'iaypv

•[],

,

aSeX-

06,

? [—
ypaae

^
.
.

Seprjvov

[]

On

{)
15

{) {) () {)
the verso
6.

{) {).
.

[py^o
?

and

corr.

9•

""*•

' Turbo to the most esteemed Cleon, greeting. I was very glad to hear that you are staying in the Thinite nome, and I congratulate you on your dear protector who is good and

capable in his affairs Since I have an opportunity to send to you, I am putting Soter in your charge, brother, in order that you may regard him in the same way as our small brother Serenus, for he deserves to gain this not only on account of his excellent character but also (Addressed) To Cleon, secretary of the strategus of the Oxyrhynchite nome, from Turbo, assistant of Philoxenus, secretary general of the dioecetes.'
.

.

.

.

.

.

5.
6.

€7(6)€
. . . :

:

cf

e. g.

1218.

5,

the vestiges do not rather be expected, is also unsuitable.
15.

term

unobjectionable.

^) : ^')
to

where there is a similar misspelling. seem to accord with

.,
from

which would

:

this title
official

seems

to

a

subordinate

apparently lacks analogy,

be new, and the application of the but it is in itself

1664.

Letter to a Gymnasiarch.
27-4

X

20-8 cm.

Third century.

friendly letter from Philosarapis, sacrificial magistrate (tepoTrows) at Antaeopolis, to Apion, gymnasiarch and formerly strategus of the Antaeopolite

A

nome, offering to execute any commissions.

To judge

his correspondent's

is a good specimen of the eulogy, Apion was a popular figure. The handwriting documents of the period. large upright cursive not seldom found in the official

Xatpe, Kvpie


5

€.

, ,, , € .€-, € ^.
[[]]7

? €^ ^
, ^^
eu

1664.

LETTER TO A GYMNASIARCH

119

,
nepi

^.
€-

,

-

kv

npoaipe-

-

€-

(2nd

h.)

J-

€ ,
'

^.
€u

^^

On
(ist h.)

the verso

(andh.?)

{ap^

2
'

€] '6{€).
^


m

salute you, praying that you may be Greetin- my lord Apion, I, Philosarapis, That not only we but also our ancestial .r..Prv/d and Orosper with all your household. you memory is clear to all; for our whole youth carries £ds themselvef^^^^^^ me about anythmg that you need from Send to fheir heans remembering your goodwill. their hearts rememDenngyo ^^^^ ^^^^^^ to accept your ^^ ^^ I pray for your gymnasiarch H?rion moTestimable co°mma"i; a'stvours.' Is Ime thf prosperity wUh those with whom lord Apion, and your lifelong my knd and noblest and ex-strategus of the (Addressed) To Apion, gymnasiarch U neasTs%ou to live. office of Antaeopohs. magistrate L'aeopournome, from pLosarapis, sacrificial

S

^

P. Giessen 66. 13 Ptolemais 96, Oertel, Liturgie 339. Plaumann,
20.
iep\ono.oi
:

cf.

,

m

Uponoios, Otto,

Pnesier und Tempd

i.

163.

'

I20

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
1665.

Letter of a Gymnasiarch.
28-6

X

9-2

cm.

Third century.
'

In this

letter

Aurelius
let

Sarapion,

a

gymnasiarch, reminds his

father

him have 40 metretae of oil when his turn came to supply oil for the gymnasium (cf. 1. 5, n.), and asks that this promise should now be made good in order that oil borrowed for the occasion from friends might be
Claudius of a promise to
repaid to them.
A[vprj\{LOs)

'] [{) [] \

1

5

,
]

eav

€tl

5

? \ \\?,? ? ?- ? ? -? ^, ? ? ?
^
LV

\}]

€9,

yaipuv.

6[]
?
e/ze

ei?

^ -

kav

-

kXaiov

2

[]€, ?
' )?.
^^} •^

kv

-

e^ety

peaiv vnea)([o]v,
xpet'tty

.
/xe

^^^?


(,

kv

Toiis

??
II.

25

? ?.
36

[

kav So-

]

kppa
.

(2nd

h.)

On

the verso

(ist h.)

]{)

4•

\.

.

{)
22.

[)

? (), ^.
2

()

.

COTT.

As when I saw Aurelius Sarapion to his father Aurelius Claudius, many greetings. from you for the days Avhen I have to provide it 40 metretae of oil, which in accordance with your goodwill towards me you promised, so now, when the need has come upon me, in reliance upon you I have borrowed from friends the 40 metretae on the Perforce therefore, if you still have with you any unguent, condition that I restore them. instruct your son or any one else you wish to supply me with them speedily, so that I may make restitution to the friends who lent to me, the value to be handed over by me at once to any one approved by you. See that you do not neglect this, lest I should appear to be (Addressed) To Aurelius deceiving these persons. I pray for your health and success. Claudius from Aurelius Sarapion, gymnasiarch.'
'

you

I requested

1665.
2.

LETTER OF A GYMNASIARCH
this is to

121
on account
partly

TTaT[pi:

it

may

be questioned whether

be taken

literally,

of the rather formal tone of the letter, partly too of the reference to in I. 1 7. The loose complimentary use of terms of relationship has constantly to be reckoned with in letters of this period; cf. 1678. 19, n.
4. If

/

possible instead of
is

\\ ,
cf.

is

rightly read, the writer

and the preceding

vestige

changed his construction, would be consistent with u or

for
s,

is

but

plainly excluded.
5.

xpiiv:

16• XPi'l•" for W'o"Ma

between
18.

and

1413. 19-20 and n., and Gnomon des Idios Logos 102. is unexpected, and it is not at all certain that there was any letter but a word meaning oil is needed, and a misspelling of ; is neither

probable nor appropriate.
28.

]{)
6.

refers
:

back

to

the doubtful

in 11. 6 and 12. might be read as a, but

{8

is less likely.

Letter of Pausanias concerning a Recruit.
17-1x19.7 cm.
Third century.

The
sidelight

following letter

is

of more than usual interest, affording a noteworthy

on

Roman

recruiting methods.

The

son

of the writer, after being

enrolled in a legion, had decided that he would prefer service in the cavalry.
father therefore
authorities,

His

made a journey to Alexandria to bring and after much trouble succeeded in obtaining
and carried
his

the matter before the
the praefect's sanction

for the transfer,

triumph to join an a/a at Coptos. Prior to the third century such a transfer would involve a question of status, since
son off
in

a legionary acquired ipso facto

Roman

citizenship,
is

a

right

not obtained

by

a recruit in an auxiliary corps.
In

But as the papyrus

likely to be later than the

Consiitutio Antoniniana, this complication need not be supposed to have arisen.
1.

20 there

is

a reference to a reported outbreak of plague in the Oxyrhynchite

nome.

6€
5

^^

^, ^ ^^. € €
Toy

1{\^
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THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

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15

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25

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e/?

2.

21.
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:

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11,

15,

6,

25.

Pausanias to his brother Heraclides, greeting. I think that my brother Sarapammon has told you the reason why I went down to Alexandria, and I have previously written to you about the little Pausanias becoming a soldier of a legion. Since, however, he no longer wished to join a legion but a squadron, on learning this I was obliged to go down to him, although I did not want to. So after many entreaties from his mother and sister to transfer him to Coptos I went down to Alexandria, and employed many methods until he was transferred to the squadron at Coptos. I desired then to pay you a visit on the upward voyage, but we were limited by the furlough granted to the boy by the most illustrious praefect, and for this reason I was not able to visit you. If the gods will, I will therefore try to come to you for the feast of Amesysia. Do you then, brother, see to the deed of mortgage, so that it be prepared in the customary way. I urge you, brother, to write to me about your safety, since I heard at Antinoopolis that there has been plague in your neighbourhood. Do not therefore neglect this, that I may rest more assured about you. Many salutations to my lady mother and my sister and our children, whom the evil eye shall not harm. Pausanias salutes you. I pray for the health of you and all your household. (Addressed) To the Oxyrhynchite nome, for Heraclides son of froui his brother Pausanias.'
. . .

1666.

LETTER OF PAUSANIAS CONCERNING A RECRUIT
:

123

el'Kav iv on the military importance and the garrison of Coptos see II. The ala Vocontiorum was stationed there in 165, the Lesquier, L'armee romaine 408-9. is or iVkav (cf. 1. 6) is probably due. to Latin influence; ala Herculiana in 185. the usual form. The meaning is that the date commeatus cf. 1477. 7 14.

: ^,
the
visit.

\\=.

',

fixed for the recruit to report at
16.

Coptos did not allow the breaking of the voyage
I31.
5

.
/€[,

«;

'

(W. Chr. 314) 'A^eareatW

and Amh. 93. 12 Mus. 11 71. 68 (iii, p. 179) SB. 3462 *A/ieauatoi£. Comparetti in the note on P. Flor. cit. connects the word with the god Amsi or Khem, whose festival in Ramesside times was celebrated on Pachon 26.
cf.

P.

Flor.

(?),

Fay. 95.

16

^
Brit.

for

1667.

Letter of Dorion to Apion.
12-6

X

I3'7 cm.

Third century.
in

This
to

letter

is

addressed to a

man
The

involved

some

suit

which was due

come
friend,

before the praefect's assize, but had been postponed owing to the

non-appearance of the other party.
a but the object of the
Xai/oe,

5

, €€^ ) '
karlv

. '
/ €,
letter is left

writer states the details as reported

by

obscure by the loss of the conclusion.

[]

(6)^ ^
eixey

ae

nepl

[-]
ae

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[6]/

iv

6

9

TTJ

[T]e[po]v

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ev

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/.


Sk
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from

v.

1.

Greeting, most esteemed Apion, I, Dorion, salute you. Having exactly learnt about your safety and what was done regarding you when the praefect was in the district, Theochrestus informed me of your doings in the Cynopoiite nome and that the person whom you accused did not attend but that he came forward later in this district and said
;

.

124
to him (Theochrestus) .' you came
.
.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
that

he would attend on the return journey, and

after this neither of

9.

omission

The

and the writer being prone to or he may be supposed after writing 6, to have varied the intended expression. alternative of reading and making Theochrestus or the praefect the subject of involves greater difficulties. For cf. e.g. 237. viii. 19
;

A

word may have dropped out between

11.
12.

^

is

'EKeinjv

a careless return to the oralio recta.
:

SC.

-

. .
\[€

,

^

1668.

Letter of Charmus to Sopatrus.
30 x11.3 cm.

Third century.

On
a
in

the recto of this papyrus

is

a taxing-list (1745).

The
'

verso, contains

letter sent

according to the opening formula by Charmus to his

brothers ', but

what follows a single person is primarily addressed, whose name, as shown by the endorsement on the recto, was Sopatrus. After describing some negotiations concerning certain workshops, the workmen in which seem to have been demanding higher wages, the writer urges Sopatrus to come, since the praefect had granted an amnesty and there was no longer any danger. To what this refers is obscure, but evidently Sopatrus had been involved in some recent disturbance, and he may have been (cf. Wilcken, Grundz. 196).

^ ^ \
Tois

5

(?) ,

. ^ ^,
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2
25

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(.)

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1668.
15
8'

LETTER OF CHARMUS TO SOPATRUS

avvk6evT0

6[€],
On

kariv.

^ol

kp-

6

the recto

(59)
21.
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^ . .
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20.

, 9

125

^'

{)([]
S>(p)
e[l•

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.

many greetings. First of all I pray for your security. " Either give with Skoru respecting the workshops, and formeriy he said I had a meeting you in a previous letter; but now he said to me me 12 artabae or take 12 art.", as I told would "We have given the workmen one and a half as much". I accordmglythat the not make Avorkrnen For he said to me before telling you. an agreement with him about this The praefect the corn is small. agreed even on these terms, since the value of had not longer any fear at all; so if you will, come has sent an amnesty here, and there is no For Annoe is much worn out with her for we are no longer able to stay indoors. boldly your presence, that we may not withdraw without reason; for she iournev and we await Heraclea and her mother salute you alone. considers herself to be keeping house here (Addressed) prosperity. I pray for your and their health and salute the children. Deliver to Sopatrus from his brother.'
Charmus
to his brotliers, very

We

18.

Wisdom xiv. 26, Ecclus. xi. 25. 'ivi, a form occurring 20. ^v€i or 36.

:
(7)
=
:

this

form

in place

of the usual
in B.

is

found e.g.

in the

LXX

{).

e. g.

G. U. 1024.

v. 20.

1669.

Letter of Horion to Serenus.
15-1

X 15 cm.

Third century.

Horion sends instructions on various matters of business occupied some subordinate position, perhaps that to Serenus, who seems to have
In this letter
or agent.
for

of

bailiff

been used

an account of

Tovs

5

€€ , ? ^ €9, . €€€
€1

" ^€ . €€ '
(1748).

The

writing

is

across the fibres of the verso, the recto having

[6\\

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d

?

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Aioyds

ay

d

,
k^eraaai

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126

15

/ € ?, • .[ € ] ? , ]? ? [€]. €€ [, ,
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THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

^^
evOaSe,

'^[

e/
?]

[-

'[

.

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.

[

[•

']^[

4•

1.

iV

:

so in

11.

6, 1 1, 14, 17•

Horion to Serenus, greeting. You have not sent the middlemen as I bade you, and you have not even written Avhether they departed, so that I might thus make preparation, nor whether Diogas the wool-dealer came, so that we might know his advice. I bade you to inquire about the purchased corn, whether the amount is being completed, and to meet Ptolemaeus the sitologus and send his account, taking it from Apollonius and Heras, in order that our household may not be troubled. So do this even now, and do you yourself be at the pains of coming here, in order that we may make up the accounts of the rentsi. .' If the inspectors came, tell Nicephorus
. .

cf. e.g. O.G.I. I40. 6 2. ev 'AXe^aubpeia San Nicolo, Vereinswesen i. 129. These were middlemen who received goods from or others and passed them on to cf. Edgar, Annales dii serv. des antiq. xviii. ndi 01 p. 170 ot Tf ^eVo( oi where is wrongly explained as inn-keepers The of the present passage and 1673. 7 were evidently not Alexandrian merchants, but may have been minor agents with analogous
:

€87
'

8
;

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€ ,
•8(

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functions.
7.

other public purposes.
10.
itself,

reading.
13.

]. ([(]
:

, ,

corn bought by the government for military or and 1541. if right, seems to mean the amount of the account rather than the document i. e. (»), though appropriate in the context, is a less suitable
:

sc.

,

Cf. e. g. P. Tebt. 369. 6, n.,

cf.

941.
cf.

3, n.

15.

:

P. Fay.

IO9.

6

,
is

Rylauds

229.

15

1670.

Letter of Palex to Chinthonis.
24.7

X

10.4 cm.

Third century.

This letter, which is in vulgar Greek, tells of the writer's safe arrival at Alexandria, but says that some money in a wallet which had been sent to him

was found

to be deficient.

The

writing

across the fibres of the recto.

1670.

^
5

^^.

^
TTJ

LETTER OF PALEX TO CHINTHONIS

\

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8.
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^ ^, -^ €(9) ety

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25

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the verso

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1.

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Before all else I pray for your security and sister Chinthonis, greeting. Make every effort to go to supplication every day to the lord god Sarapis. Thonis and send him to me at Alexandria. When we were handed over to the staff of the catholicus, I did not find the full amount of billon drachmae in the purse of drachmae
'

Palex to his

I

make your

which you sent me, one talent and 2,200 dr. I wish you to know that we arrived at her children and I greet Philumene with Alexandria in safety on the 20th Epeiph. Ptoleminus and his wife. Your mother Sarapas salutes you all, Philumene with her children and Origenes and Chinthonis and Masculinus and his wife and Heraclia and Aia and Ptoleminus and his wife, (Addressed) Deliver to Chinthonis from Palex.'
6. aev:

so

e. g.
is

13.

for

and e.g. 1682. 10
20. 24.
:

32 xpn8(ii.

:

. €€,
1069.
1.

18

aev.

For the interchange of
1757. 14,
e. g.
1

8

cf. cf.

24 and

1158. 20

the preceding note,

and

. ,
for

e

and

cf.

Mayser, Grammaiik 94 sqq.,

1218. 9

(.
e. g.

in place of f

1069. 10

«,

128

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
1671.

Letter of Dionysius to Zoilus.
22-5x8 cm.
Third century.

A
of

letter referring to the

importunity of a decemprimus about the lading

some

5

9 . €
kv
SO in of

€?^. )(€ € ,
€9,
'^,
On
25
oiSev
Trj

^
corn,

and asking

for assistance

and

for information.

wcpl

Trjs

8-

,
5•
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15

^ ,'
evo^X^u
^

20

. ^'
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12.
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the verso

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corr.

from

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. €
1

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;

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.
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s

of

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-.
v.

1 6.

:

21.

To my lord Zoilus from Dionysius, greeting. The decemprimus is worrying us much about the lading of the corn. Send us then Dionysius, for he knows the account of the measuring, and we did the lading on the journey up. And now he worries us and the cultivators who have no animals, he worries both about fodder and about expenses. Send him, for he knows the account, so that we may also get animals. You have written nothing to me about Phoenice ; write therefore, that I may learn the order. Write to me also about the river-labourers for the reed-plantations, where we can find them. I pray, sir, for your lasting health. (Addressed) To my lord Zoilus from Dionysius.'
20. 21.

are collected.

:
ias
:

cf.

1427.

I,

1674.

14,

and 1263.

int.,

where some further references

cf.

1631.

7, n.

1672.

LETTER TO PAUSANIAS FROM HIS TWO SONS
1672.

129

Letter to Pausanias from
16-4X11 cm.

his

two Sons. . D.

37-41.

In this letter Demetrius and Pausanias inform their father that they had The lines effected a very profitable sale of wine, and discuss further operations. are written across the fibres, with a considerable amount of correction.

rj

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(?)
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coxw

16. / of

Demetrius and Pausanias to On the day you for good health.
'

their father

Pausanias very

many

greetings and wishes

us we sold 32 choes to some strangers, mcludmg that our sales have a quantity of quite thin wine, at the rate of 5 drachmae, thankfully, so become much more favourable and we hope that they will become more favourable than this. or a part to the therefore write to you that you may know whether to carry up the whole You will do well to leave at Pela to be sold the wine of the fourth press only. city. When then you have learnt how the wind is with you, you will be able to judge of every-

We

K

130
thing.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Our friend Munatius said that he had agreed with the people of his village year of Gaius Caesar ... at the rate of 32 drachmae. Good-bye. The
.
.
.

thankfully

Imperator Augustus, Pauni
5.

2[.].'

\ia

:

this

adverb Apollonius
6.

occurs
;

cf.

applicable to

Thucyd.

118, and 12. For the parataxis
iv.
is

, (
seems
to
ibid.

in

:

15, It

cf. e.g. 297. 3 ypa^eis. rather tempting to take aepa here in a metaphorical sense, like the Latin

in the sense oi as e. g. Herond. 2. 70. The be for and is cited in Photius, Elytn. Magn., and 78 Avhich Hesych. explains as i-eXeW smooth is hardly this passage. for KoWiou is given by the British Museum MS. (M) in is found in Phryn. p. 136 (Lobeck), Hesych., &c.
'

?

,
,

'

venius in e.g. Cic. Clu. 28. 77 rumorem et contionum venios colligere; but the writer merely be referring to the suitability of the wind for river-transport, as in 1682. 4.
19. Toh ois
:

may

but though a unit to which e/c /3 in the next line may suggests nothing. comparison of the figures here and in 1, 5 makes it likely that a which would contain several is meant. 21. For the order of the titles cf. B. G. U. 787. The date is very cursively or TO
refer

wanted,

--,

,

A

(^8)

written.

1673.

Letter of Hermes to Sarapiacus.

letter to Sarapiacus, an from Hermes, who seems to have occupied a similar but subordinate position, informing him of the condition

A

of various quantities of wine, and of other details.

^
?
e

5

?

Sevrepa?

?
^€0)1/

^ € , ?,
^(?

^ ?
?

-,
22

X n-4 cm.

Second century.

[]

^^.

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kveSe

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15

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1673

2

,. .^
,
€1

LETTER OF HERMES TO SARAPIACUS

? ^-9 () {)(3,
ii

J31

.
25

06

iripas

. [€][ .
yap
[.
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{)
[....]

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left

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ray

In the

margin

?,
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On
30

the verso
.

^ ^.
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23.

6.
'

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so probably in 29.

/.

greeting. I stored away the wine of the of the second I previously found and put aside 30 fragrant jars, and the other vats I did not store away, since the middlemen said that they would wait till Tubi 5 until the fragrant should be established and accurately known. of the acid, i entirely Of what was stored I found of the first vat i drinkable,
to the

Hermes

most esteemed Sarapiacus,

first

vat without separating the fragrant,

.

.

.

.

;

orchard likewise 2 drinkable and of the third vat in the In order then that of the fourth vat i these I found in receptacles outside part of the ... for they cannot be carried up they may not be lost, tell me if you wish them to be sold without being sold off. I had much discussion and complication with the men who took the donkey, as they asked for an earnest, and eventually I asked for the mina, as you thought right. I have sent you 16 cheeses, 4 of which are from the former herdsman. Please send some baskets to my I let him go for this very reason and the animals. house. . Tubi i. Send the leases of the vine-dressers, in order that they may begin the .' pruning. (Addressed) To Sarapiacus, overseer, from Hermes,

second 5 drinkable,
;

.

.

acid

;

.

,

.

;

.

.

.

.

.

7.

12.

(: {):
)

7—8
ceding
o(

might be read as but there would hardly be room for a ^ as well as a figure were otherwise satisfactory. between this and o|o(ur), even if The letter preceding nai has a stroke above it, indicating a numeral. 1 3. is unsuitable and iv the first two letters may perhaps be «V, but eV 14 which might be read, is unattractive.

{\
;

cf.

1669.

why

^

.

.

2, n.
is

the feminine

used

,

,

( ! {^) {)
is

not clear.

For

cf.

e.g. P. Flor. 229.
letters pre-

(.

The broken

{)(()

(),

2

132
15.
line
\ii[vov) a
is

which
27
.

before

{) ' (:\
is
'.

too far from

wanted.

29-

:

^
:

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

sc.

.

The

is

very doubiful, but there

is

to be connected satisfactorily with that figure,

a clear stroke above the and a number

?

cf.

1631.

g,

.

The

were contracts

similar

to

1631

and 1692.
30.
.

{) [
.

)

:

({)

is

possible,

cannot be read. The vestiges before though not very satisfactory.

suggest

v,

and

1674.

Letter of Theon to
13.7

hi.s

son Apollonius.
Third century.

X

1

3.

1

cm.

The upper
property.

part of a letter giving various directions about cutting

an acacia on an embankment and other agricultural operations on the writer's

5

. ^ , ^ , ^. '^ ?,. ( ] ^ ^
eh

^ (€

)
ov)(

down

^.

^.
evp[o]i^

^,
. .


6

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vis

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eAeyer

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8
1

1.

'\€
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]

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6

1.

2/1.

-'
€€
.

-

.

.

In the

2nd

h.

] !]
left
.

margin

)([\
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5•

.

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yevoy

[] €€[ —

-^ ()
corr.

L•

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7•

,

[.

.

. ',

',

'"".

1674.
'

LETTER OF THEON TO HIS SON APOLLONIUS

133

Theon lo his son Apollonius, greeting. Since I did not find any meat to send you, send 20 eggs and some vegetables. Have the acacia tree cut down and throw the wood into the Do you cut it down yourself and burn the roots, and if the work is finished up to the embankment, let the ... be cut down(?) and the whole of the bank levelled. Put the baked bricks alongside the wall (?) and the builder will come to build the south wall. Tell (?) the steward of Apollonius about the machine which he said to me, if I went there, Have 8^ artabae of corn brought from the threshing-floor from Stratonicu
I
.
. . . , .

to

Mouchis
3.

for the river -labourers
:

.

.'
.

5.

and, for the use of acacias on embankments, 1112. letters have been corrected, and the result looks like or Tfumivav, but neither of these is a known word. The preceding article may be
cf.

1421.

4, n.,

:

the third

and fourth

,

not

TOu. 7.
. .

I'ls

:

KOv\v]ts
to
cf,

would give a

sense,

suggestive of
9.

oi>
:

make
1.

that misspelling probable

I

meaning seems
14.
18.

cf. 1671. 20, n. occurs in 1342 together with three villages in the Thmoisepho toparchy and one in the Upper toparchy. was unknown previously but perhaps 4 and this village was outside the Oxyrhynchite should be connected with
;

'(\\:

to be

much

and 707. 26 the same as

nome.
1675.

" ,
15-4

that o[

, , 5
but the traces after
;

are not sufficiently

is

unsuitable.

32 ras

^e([i\fv^a.

The

for

which

cf.

1631. 10, n.

"^-

Letter to Ischyrion.
X

•5

cm.

Third century.

An

incomplete

letter,

from a person whose name does not appear, to

Ischyrion,

who

is

given various directions connected with agriculture,
ey
8e
rfjs

X[at]pe,

[].
fi 'iua

[6\[]

7€
5

{?) )^
/,
uiKi

^

7[]
On

€^

5e

'- $ \


ly.

€iy

.

7re£-

kiravTi^yiu

^,

end

[
I
.

( -

15

^/?
Traces of
line.

the verso illegible remains of an address.

[].

4•

y of
.

^ciypiKov COrr.

in

traders with Heracleon 40 drachmae (?), Greeting, Ischyrion. Receive through the order that you may separate the field-rue by means of the palms, especially the palm
'
. .

,

134
of Micras

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
and
that east of the hut adjoining the court.

Try

to obtain a pair of

oxen

for

irrigating the vineyard or

two pairs
.

you

therefore
2.

make

careful use
is

here.

Possibly
4.

meant by
in

Moschus
11.

€€ ()
els

was a mistake
:

(
is
:

.

puzzling.

for

:
(?),
.'

since I myself

am coming

to

you on

the 13th.

Do

e

and

does not occur, and seems unintelligible should be read, though who could be

remains quite obscure.
is

the reading
for

very doubtful.

The

rare adjective

Fr. 2. 13, but

€{)(

found in one or two other places as a variant for this common omission of the article cf. e.g. 736.

120. 13, 57.

should refer to an animal, if these are an alternative to 12. was There is no doubt about the reading. Possibly but the word is unknown. yvas in the sense of measures of land might is an alternative to If bvo meant. be intended, but this is a less likely explanation.
:

-

,
X

-,

.
is

read only
P. Tebt.

6,

^

1676.

Letter of Flavius Herculanus to Aplonarion.
30-5
12 cm.

Third century.

A
name
his

letter

couched

in

very affectionate terms from a

man

bearing the
1.

Roman
In the

Flavius Herculanus to a
is

woman

called Aplonarion

(cf.

i,

n.).

address on the verso the writer

styled _patront(s, and Aplonarion

may have been
'

emancipated
(1.

slave,

notwithstanding the mention of her 'father

in

1.

33.

was married
brances
(11.

12), as was Herculanus,

whose wife and son send

their
;

She rememthe

tone, however,

most sentimental that has yet appeared among published papyri.
[.]
Se

rfj

^ ^€ )^/
34-5).
is

The intimacy was

therefore not unrecognized

the writer's
is

hardly that of ordinary friendship, and the letter

in fact

6
25

€-

^aipeiv.

' [9]
Se

e'x?;?,

e^et?

^

5

vos

Se

€9

10

-. ,^
8[]

^•
,

/?

€.

^-

, ^€ ^^. noier

-

^^ []
\]
[Vh^]^
'^^'^

eX-

€.

1676.

LETTER OF FLAVIUS HERCULANUS TO APLONARION
[\,

15

.
€€
On

([]'
8

itxey "yap'

kirl

?
2nd

[\
[Xiau.]

«€9•

. € 7€
the verso

€^-

^h.

35

[/"

[
[

,
of

[^ ],

[]
-^

]^ ].
narepa
viSs Sy

ev

135

2

40

ist h.

.

.
14•

.. €

[

8.

First

COVr.

"" of

C01T.

from

.

1

6.

^.

Aplonarion, very many 'Flavius Herculanus to the sweetest and most honoured which was given me by the cutler I rejoiced greatly at receiving your letter, you say you sent me by Plato the dancer s son I have not however, received the one which my boy's birthday, both you and But I was very much grieved that you did not come for But would have been able to have many days' enjoyment with him. your husband, for you why you neglected us. I wish you to be vou doubtless had better things to do that was grieved that you are away from me. happy always, as I wish it for myself, but yet I am rejoice for your happiness, but still I am vexed If you are not unhappy away from me, I Do what suits you for when you wish to see us always, vve shall at not seeing you. will therefore do well to come to us in Mesore, receive you with the greatest pleasure. You My son Salute your mother and father and Callias. that we may really see you. in ordei• Dionysius my fellow worker, who serves me at the stable. salutes you and his mother and (Addressed) Deliver to Aplonarion from I pray for you health. Salute all your friends. Flavins Herculanus.' From her patron Herculanus.
greetings.
; ;

is repeated on but since the Spelling intentionally shortened form accepted, and the name regarded as an the verso, it is to be cf.B.G.U. 213. 5 '-,... rather than as an inadvertence cf. 519. 6, 526. 9, ana For roC may be a dittography. 8. The second of two ^' Grenf. ii. 67, a contract of engagement cited is E/ym. A/agn. i r. 3S the Only instance of 22.

' , ,. .: , ..
I.

no doubt

=
;

,.,

^,, 8,
-

>

:

24.

q^.

KaXfX/ai/l

38.
42.

]<:
:

cf. 525. 4• perhaps the cf.

of

1.

i2.

in e. g.
is

Jph

43 verso. i. 12, 138. 10 140. 14. more cursively written than the rest of

the address, but

may

be by the same hand.

136

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
1677.

Letter of Agathus to Aphrodite.
14-6

X

14-6 cm.

Third century.
:

A

letter

accompanying a sealed order

{kvToKiKOv

of. e. g.

1142, 1742. 10),

which was to be handed on to a third person, and asking for an immediate acknowledgement. The papyrus is broken at the bottom, but the loss is
evidently slight.

Xaipe,

5

9€ ? 8 {) ? ^ ^.
\ ]]
«v^o/ze
^

, ..
"? €
?
^?'
evToXiKov

IC

[]
15
[e^'

] .
On
2.
1.

€? ', ^ ?• € " '? ?. .€ ? ?
'4[]

}

^?', '

yevrj

\

.

.

'

'4\ei

'4\(

the verso

{)
.
I,

(.

i'laiviv.

7(> )((,
:

.

].

8.

:

SO in

1.

g.

1 4. 1•

your health and from Doxa, the bearer of this note, the order for Ptolemais which I received from Chaeremon the embroiderer to send to her sealed as he gave it me. Send me word at once that you have received it, in order that you may not give people the trouble of writing to you, so that you may not become wearisome to them. Tell me too about the first orders. Salute your mother and father and Agathus and Heraclammon and Didyme and Alexandra and Si tria with her husband ; let her know that I salute her. Doxa Salute all your friends severally in my name.
'

Greeting, Aphrodite,

Agathus, salute you.

First of all I pray for
will receive

I

make your

supplication to the lord Sarapis.

You

.

1677.
has also some Agathus.'
2.

LETTER OF AGATHUS TO APHRODITE
things

137
from

other

which she

had

.

.

.

(Addressed)

To

Aphrodite

viaiviv

:

for this
:

8.

13. 2t

.

:

vulgarism ct. e. g. 729. 3, 1110. 21, 1493. would be the normal construction. the second letter may be but is unsuitable.
7;,

common

^^
his

4.

1678.

3.

1678.

Letter of Theon to
26 X 15-6 cm.

Mother.
Third century.

This
full

is

a very illiterate

letter,

written in a rather large uncultivated hand, and

kept on business, the writer asks

After explaining that he had been he shall come now, or go to Alexandria, and in the latter event what commissions he can do. An unusually detailed address
if

of mistakes of spelling and grammar.

on the verso

is

noticeable

;

cf

1.

28, n.

5



1

^ , € ^) ] €7[)' € 9 ^, € ^ ,?(€ 9 ' ? . ^^ ^ ^.
\
ae
v€iiv€iv

Kvpe.m

^. .
{}

€]9,

-

^^[(?)
7)5,

(V

v]Sas

€,

[]-

'

'8

'^^.

^

.

6

yap

['^^

5

,€ , ,€ ]\ ,
[]
.[9

2

? () € , ^' [\ [ ]^ € 9 €{€\
epvope'
«5e

,
Sei

{])(',
ety

€^,
pe
rei

kvrjKe,

OiXeis

^,

[]€

. []"-

[]

veiv

Ke

€?

-

138
•)(jeiv

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

^ ^ ^^
\
€[9.]
€v

25

0?
On

.
SO in
1. 1.

^€ €

the verso

6(9)

3
2.
it
1.

avTel

^ \\ €€ ^ .
kv
'j.

.
'•
'•

ctiefTyoTJA-

Tev-

(so in

1.

13).
1.

corr.
in
II.

'
: •

27.
II.

3•

1•

^yiaiveiv.
1.

5—6.
(so in

\\((.
1.

:

^^ ^.
4•
1.

SO
8.

ill
1.

SO in

11.

13,
I

5>
13.

of

(( corn from
1.

13, 15)

17. l.fXabiov.

;^()/.
27.
'

(

e.

1.

-,
11.

15, 16, 17, 18). e'ire (sO in 11.
18.
1. 1.

of
23.
. . .

corr.

1.

/'.
;

//;'.

[^][].
IIoi/LieVtoi/.
1•

24.

3•

.

7-18)

' .
21.
25.
;

21, 22, 26.
.
.

.

.'', ..

.(
1.

\, ] .
8. 5•
"•

.

.

.

12.

1.

eav

.

.

.

(so
TO =r
1.

15•
:

.

I 6.

].

22.

1.

20.

of

-^/ /

SO in

I 7.

COrr.

my lady mother greeting from Theon. First of all I pray to the lord god for your safety and health. Do not think, my lady mother, that I have neglected to come up to the Oxyrhynchite nome you know that if it misses the early season we have no other hope after this produce. Be sure, my lady mother, not to neglect your daughter for my brother turned the colt loose (?) ; you ought to beware of him, and I could not come. If you think that I should come, write to me and I will come or if you think that I should go to the most illustrious Alexandria, write to me, and write what you would like me to bring, whether purple, write to me what sort you wish me to bring, or oil, write to me how much to bring, or if there is anything else you desire, write to me. I salute my sisters and my father Barbarion and my mother Heraclea and Euterpe and her children and Anna and her children and Isis and Eutychis and my mother Sophrone and Nilus and Poemenius and our father Choous and our mother and Aphous and his brother and sisters. I pray for your health and safety. (Addressed) Deliver from Theon address, at the Teumenous
; ;

quarter in the lane opposite the well.'
3.

Kvpficu

^eoy or Other instances of (or ^eo? occur in this volume in 1680. 3, 1682. 6, 1683. 5, 14, 1773. 4, 1775. 4. Very possibly the writers were in some of these cases Christians, though in none of ihem^are the specifically Christian contractions used, as in 1774. The suggestion of Christianity is strongest in the phraseology of 1682 (17 cf. e. g. 1. 6 1492. 8). the word occurs in what seems to be a similar sense in an unpublished 9. tolemaic Tebtunis pap3'rus &c. ; 9 sqq. This passage affords another good example of the loose use oi^ cf. 1296. 15, n., and 1665. 2, n.
i.

Wilcken, Archiv

( ^•)
:

:

it

Avould be unsafe to infer from this phrase, as from

Seoi alone (cf,

436), that the writer was a Christian.

€((

^.
(

^,

;

,,

28.

sent

^,,,

cf

: ,^,
1678.
this

LETTER OF THEON TO HIS MOTHER
word introduces the address of the person
is
:

139
was

to

whom

the letter

1773. 39 where there
(or
?)

another instance of this apparently novel use. the Same speUing Tev/x€voi)ri is found in 43 verso,

u. 21.

1679.

Letter of Apia to Serapias.
25.5

X

12-5 cm.

Third century.

A

woman's

letter

announcing the dispatch of some clothes, with other

domestic news.

5

[ €. ,, , ,? 69
. . .

.]

fM[v]rpl

,
TTj

^

,' .
SepamaSt
rfj

9

[4]/.

15

€,

2

, ^ €, 9 ? .,
Se
Tjj

€ ^ } "
?
eh

Se

eTTty'

^.


kva-

'4.
npos

\

, ^.

^. ei^ey-

-

6

69 ?' >[]

\"

€?.

-

25

^

,

ewet

..

I40

'AXi^auSpov

. (
coiv.
18.
. .

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
KvpiXXovy

-

^.
() ?.
of
etXi^rt coiT.
it

On
30

the verso

8.

17,

1.

27, Final
'

. €8
U

^€]$
vws.

[]
.
of
s.

12.
f.

1.

\//•€.

1

6.

7

of

fi»?

corr.
1.

COrr.

from

20.

01$•

of

COrr.

24.

fi.

of

con. from

Apia daughter of ... to her mother Serapias, greeting. I send you many salutations, and best wishes. Receive, lady, from the seamstress the saffron clothes of your daughter, a tunic and and a tunic for Heraclammon. I think that you will recognize which are your daughter's, for I wrapped them up together. The seamstress will inform you verbally what I told her, for I am writing this to you very late. Agathus will perhaps come to you on the ninth to bring you some things for the festival. So, lady, do not be an.xious we are well. Your son Serenus gives you many salutations, as do Lucius and Techosis and the children and Taamois and all of us. I salute our friends. I send many salutations to my brother Lucammon, whom I beg to write to us whether he received his tunic from Leucus, since Beryllus forgot to take it. I send many salutations to Alexander and Cyrillous. I pray for your health. (Addressed) To my mother Serapias from Apia.'

my

lady,

.,

;

6. parallel to the letters might be divided but xtavou would be an equally unknown word, and are more naturally taken in apposition to was intended does not seem likely. Possibly That there may be some connexion with of P. Gen. 80. 7.
:

^.

,\

,

1680.

Letter to Apollo from his Son.
14X11-6 cm.
Late third or early
fourth century.

In this interesting letter, of which a line or two at the beginning and the conclusion are unfortunately missing, a son expresses his anxiety for the safety of his

absent father,
again.

who he

feared might meet with

some

disaster

and not be found

the remarkable suggestion that his father should be provided with a mark of identity.

He makes

[
.

^€
5

^,

[

30

1.

([^ €8\\
ku

] ^]•.
vyiaLvoviSiois.

yap

-

1680.

LETTER TO APOLLO FROM HIS SON

>9 €/

€/

?
'''^^

em

rfj

kv

eioi

, .[
yeuoiro
{
|-

141

(/^ .
709
15
[ef

e/y

]'

[ye

[7]9

] €
706

€,


e^et

[\6 [ -

^€,

'5 .

-

-

€6
[

On

the verso

]
f't'r;.

.
14.

4• vyiaivo\Ti.

Trot/,

the

12. \, vyia'ivovTd. 8. . 5• «"^totf. being only partially formed owing to lack of space.

of
17.
1.

.

rewritten.
r8.
1.

we may

and I pray to the god for your prosperity and success and that you home in good health. I have indeed told you before of my grief at your absence from among us, and my fear that something dreadful might happen to you and that we may not find your body. Indeed I often wish to tell you that having regard And now I hear that Heraclius the to the insecurity' I wanted to stamp a mark on you. present overseer is vigorously searching for you, and I suspect that he must have some If you owe him anything, I wish you to know this, thai I have further claim against you. (Addressed) To my lord and beloved taken to Gains (?) two artabae of corn and
'

.

.

.

dearest father,

receive

.

.

.

father Apollo
I.

.

.

.'

Possibly this Avas the
is

first line

of the

letter,

but

\\\

any case

it

is

clear

from

1.

2

sqq,

that the loss
3.

small.
in spite of

cf. 1678. 6, . anoXa^eh cf. 1217. 6, where the translation incorrect, 1682. 7, Ryl. 244. 5, Leipzig no. 8.

(:

5•

:

1683. 7-8

(cf. n.) is

probably

1681.

Letter of Ammonius to Julius and Hilarus.
1

7-2

X

8-8 cm.

Third century.

addressed to some persons who were living beyond i.s but they need not be supposed to have been farther away the borders of Egypt, than Alexandria cf 11. 1H-19, n. The writer, their 'brother', had been residing

The

following letter

;

142
in

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
'

the country for some time and now sends word of his imminent departure hoping that his friends will not think him a barbarian or an inhuman Egyptian '.

The

address, being blank.

'
a5eX0[o]t',

writing

is

across the fibres of the verso, the recto,

\\

5

^. 9 € ^^, -

[\

aSeX-

/Hvai.

, . ^
?]

apart from the

et-

2

-


\

ras

,€, €^€

\ 7€

-^
'

[e]x€if,

2,5

€( () €[] ^ -

^.

[] ^
3•

\

kviav-

On
30

the verso

[6)
Tiiapa)
SO in
2 0.

.
.
'

:

.
1.

^ .
:

30•

2.

SO in
.
.

1.
.

28.

.

30.

«"•

24.

1.

Ammonius to Julius and Hilarus, very many greetings. You are, my brothers, perhaps thinking me a barbarian or an inhuman Egyptian ; but I claim that it is not so, first because you have had a partial proof of my sentiments, moreover many reasons have urged me to go to my friends, in the first place my wish to see them after a year's interval, and I hope then that after three days I too secondly my desire to leave Egypt before winter. shall come to you, and tell you my news. Greet my sister Hieronis with Julius her husband (Addressed) Deliver to my brothers Julius and Hilarus from and Isidora (?) with her
Ammonius.'
6.

.
tffrm
in
8.

.

.

.

scems to be unattested, connexion with Egyptians cf. 237.

being the usual form.
vii.

For the

34

rr/

(sc.

is improbable. 18-19• Since Alexandria was distinguished from Egypt, the
:

[^

)

latter

[]'

phrase

1681.

LETTER OF AMMONIUS TO JULIUS AND HILARUS
is

143

quite consistent with the supposition that

capital

/ 6[],
29.

from the

Cf. 727. 1 1 h of this short interval suggests a not very protracted journey. which, as Wilcken has noted {Archiv iv. 392), probably means a voyage

.

Ammonius was

intending to go to the
1.

Presumably

is

to be supplied with rpeis in

from Alexandria, and

e. g.

35

recto. 9 eV 'AXeijai/opeia

^

but the vestiges are beginning of the line was probably The conclusion of the letter was evidently not far off. too slight for identification.
at the

The word

. ,

21,

and the mention

'

1682.

Letter of Heraclides to Antiochia.
16-7

X

1

1-7

cm.

Fourth century.

from a man to his 'sister', who had lately departed, asking The for news of her and recommending that her son should stick to his work. Christian cf 1. 6 and 1678. 6, n. writer was perhaps a

A

letter

;

€89
•.

^}
?

'AvTio^eirj

.

Jrirn]] 'MeXai/a'

<5

5

/ ,€
iVa

kvavTLOS

nepl

.
'ipyoLS

^

?
€-

-,
knXevaas,
nape^ei

(neic?)

(€ ^^ €9.
e/

15

€ €. ,
(^,
the verso

-^
^.
10.
8.

€ ? ^,
nepi

\-

•^.
.
1.

On

[]
5•

'""

so

ivi^•

(.

(idvpi'irfpoi.

'

'

the lady
letter,

with a

my sister Antiochia from Heraclides, greeting. I am sending Melas because the wind was contrary to us since you sailed, in order that you might

144
let

^^^ OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
;

us know of your journey and security, and may the divine providence grant that you may be restored in security to your home and do you by all means send word to us whether you have arrived, in order that we may be more reassured after hearing about you.

Let your son give heed to his work I have sent to tell him to take proper care of the work, having regard to the difference of the year. I pray for your lasting health, my lady sister. (Addressed) To the lady my sister Antiochia.'
:

3.

If

is

right, the

sentence

the

commonness of

the phrase

or necessary to supply a word like the preceding letter may be a. simply might be read, but this the doubtful s is very small, and 6. with for in the previous line. or to have to be emended to sense make known is unusual, but not unparalleled.

!

-

is illogical,

^.
(of. e. g.

but the loose construction is assisted by 963, 1160. 7, 1217. 2), and it is hardly The doubtful may be y or r, and

:

-],

-/^

^ '
13, n.

'

'

but analogy oUe'ia might here be taken as the subject of or 7. Either favours the latter alternative ; cf. 1680. 5. n. To read eirjj would not suit 1671. 22. 9. For the redundant on cf. e.g. 1668. 6, tjs for is common in the the required sense, even if the optative were passed, but the false form was perhaps assisted by association witli

,
'

would

The

.

:

interchange of

6

and

II sqq. Cf. e. g.

is not infrequent; cf. 1670. 1493. ii-i3> 1581. 5-7•

. ,

1683.

Letter of Probu.s to Manatine.
28-5

X

13 cm.

Late fourth century.
his
'

In this very
a recent occasion

illiterate

letter

Probus requests
to let

sister

to collect

some

money which was due to him and pay it when the sister had refused
is

over to his wife.

He

proceeds to recall
of his

him have some

money,

but the bearing of this
illegible,

somewhat obscure.
eccentricities
is

and the

writer's

restoration difficult,
critical

for

so

The last few lines are rubbed and grammar and orthography make common that we generally neglect it in the
in

5

] []^ . ?^ ( ^ ' € . [] ,
notes below.
T77

\€]]

}

aSeX-

{} .,
6

?

Sos

(e'xet).

[]^

(

ydpiv,

irepl

[€]

[$;]

2

^
.

i[s]

'9 €
.
.

€vav
[.

€ ?

[],

^-

.]

' '
.,

86

-€
Sk
etTiey

Se

[8],

(

€-

^ ' ,] [
1683.
Si^e
'ivav

LETTER OF PROBUS TO MANATINE

aL•^,

€9 y[a]p
15

.
On
2.
1.

([]

^
1

[]
[)

^e[o]9

the verso

(9)
6.
.

{ . ^ , . ]

25
€ttI

Se
.

?)

\

]
. .
.

145
[e.

.

Kvpie

[\ ^, . •
.

e

6

.

e

.

.

.

.

[.] ...€....[
[

^]^9'§['^]

4^

^]
7•

6-

.

.

.

'. €(. .
rewritten.
1.

1.
1.

22.
2 7•

1•

I

pray to the lord god for your security that you may in health and happiness receive my I wish you to know, my lady sister, that you should go to Petronius my surety ; get letter. from him out of my pay one talent (?) and a half, i^ tal. For you too know that we have no witnesses at all besides god and you and my wife. Give them then to my wife. Don't vex me ; give them to her, since my son needs them. And in proof, when I met you at the Caesareum and said to you " Give me some money out of what you have of mine in order that I may buy myself a kettle ", you said "... use your own, and presently I will (Addressed) Deliver to the lady my sister I pray for your health. give it you "...

'

, .
([]

19•

}
6.
1• 1.

. ^,
(so in
1.

[\ . :«^. , . . €..
^•

[] €[].
8.
\.
1.

\^\•/.
\.
1.

12.

1 4•

17.

{ 8os COrr.
1.

enfibr].

20).

[?].

2 1.

.

18.

1.

.
(^
1,
:

( corr.

2^.

.

24.

1•

20.

.

-)

.

1.

?

of

?).

the lady

my

sister

Manatine from Probus her brother, greeting.

First of all

Manatine from her brother Probus.'

The initial vestige is perhaps consistent with , if the letter be cf. 1. 26. 6. supposed to have been placed very low in the line, which sometimes happens with this For the is below the base of the preceding v. of writer, e. g. in 1. 10 the cross-bar of ae phraseology cf. P. Leipz. III. 4—5 is, here, on the analogy of which one might feel tempted to read however, confirmed by P. Gen. 53. 7—8 is accordingly to be restored in P. Leipz. iii, the preceding and accusatives being perhaps due to confusion with the common formula exemplified in 1680. 4-5, the symbol consists of two oblique strokes joining at an acute angle, 12. This writer's immediately afterwards. being practically identical with that used for is hardly excluded by evav, and it is not easy to see that grammar is so erratic what else can be meant, though the symbol is unusual. Possibly the two strokes were unintentionally joined and correspond to those following aL, the unit then remaining

[€]:

,
17.

\

%()
:

:

€\] 8}, ]
\ (['\

{})
;
:

{)
e>e

^

unexpressed
19. 21.

that they represent
this

seems

unlikely.

form of
at

Tols eni^fvovpe

. ,.
For the
cf.

became common in later Greek. Oxyrhynchus cf. 43 verso, i. 22.

e.g. 1678. 15, 1765. 10, P. Gen. 56. 19 ews

,

Leipz.

no.

9

24.

possibly

=

ae'i,

but the passage remains obscure.

L

146

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
1684.

Letter of Horion to Timotheus.
26-1

X

7-4

cm.

Late fourth century.

A

letter

of dress, and

8.
.€ ^%
€-

offering to send anything else that
15

announcing the receipt and dispatch of various articles, chiefly might be wanted.

8
}2

€€
nepi

. ,
,
Trj

kariv

5

{)

. €€{)

10

%

1.

,
,
.
-

eV

ptov

ei

25

€ €{).

^
\.

On

the verso remains of an address and a postscript mentioning
SO in
II.
8.

?
*

6.

\.\'.
1

6.

/, the
my
(?),

being incompletely formed.

.
?

12.

. ?.
24.
1.

.
I

(\.

.

1.

I received the two equivalent tunics, son Timotheus from Horion. I have sent you one equivalent tunic, one veil, and two coverings. You wrote to me about cummin (?) foreign cloak, a veil, one covering, and half a large pig. for Dorotheus. If it is genuine and of a good price, let me know, and also about the corn and barley. Phibis is going to you to-morrow. If you want anything, let him know and I will send it to you. I pray for your health.'

To my

lord

two foreign cloaks

a

4.

mean

'

reversible

a variety of the

word, evidently denoting some foreign article of dress, presumably cited from a gloss by Stephanus, appears to be novel. 6. cf. e.g. P. Grenf ii. 11 1. 16 has a dot above it and was perhaps intended to be cancelled. 15. the sccond Since the writer goes on to speak of and (11. 19-20), it seems not unlikely that This would accord with the or a/xecus should be read cf. e. g. P. Tebt. 55. 5.
5.
:

( :
:

:

d.
'

1.

8.

The

significance of the epithet

is

not very clear.

Does

it

?

this

{) €{).

neuter

.

;

VI.

MINOR DOCUMENTS
(i)

Leases.

1685.

IO-7

X

8-5

cm.
to

A. d.

158.

The middle

part of a badly spelled lease

from a
at the

woman

arourae at
TO ak>\o

^€[ (
called

499, 501, 910, 1125, 1686-91, P. S.
^ [aTrjo

a

, ]4 )
Tlipaats]
(1.

two Persians of the epigone for i year of two lots of land (previously unknown), one lot consisting of la a rent of 44 drachmae for each, the other of 3 arourae. Cf. 101,

hho,

] -) \ (
ev
*^ ols

rrjs

€()7}5

**

^'
f

(1.

.)
')

bpa^as

€-

[ €(
I.

73.

'Abeov

^[€]
^

? []
(1.

After remains of 3 lines
'Abaiov)

([ €€]
irepl

^

]

.

s

(elsewhere
'

^^

^^

ments

3 more lines.

, €^
?
'^

^^

€;{)
^^ ^^

^4
(
^
^

"VeTaiTaX

eK

/309
^^

(corr.
(1.

from

^
^

0{}
^^

/3

(eTos)

apovpas

(1.

e)

('

.)

^^

-pas),

6e

Meyaembank^^
^^

({)
165.

apovpas (and

corr.)

[]

oh

{) €(,
({)]
eav
^

and traces of

1686.

1659. 105) for 4 years from a senator of Antinoopolis to three brothers, half to be sown with wheat, half with grass or vegetables.
(cf.
^

^^ ^[] '7'[] €{) b€o ^^ ', [\[ ^]€ [] ] [ [] ' € ^[[ 0] b ^ [] € [](, , ( [\ ( \ € € [€] € € [ ( [,] ( [ ] ] [] ] [ (] €[
6
^

ibL

12-7XI4-3 cm. at Talao

a. d.

Beginning of a lease of 10 arourae of

^

^

![
^

€]

b^Ka,

^^

[
[]€
be

^

(

corr.)

er

ky

^^

^^

biKa]

be-

^*

^ [

oltso

L

2

.

.

148

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

[; \'
L•

?]re

^^[

apyvpio\v
t\t)S

hpa-yjJ.S>\y

KLv\hvvoVy

()

1687.

14-3

X

8-5

and traces of another line. Beginning of a similar lease of private land cm. a. d. 184.

[
^

][;] 6\(
.

Verso

^"^

{$) ()
aKivhv\va

^^[

for i year, (5f arourae in all) near two villages in the I aroura to be sown with barley, the remainder, of which the rent was fixed
at
^

180 drachmae, with (probably)

^$
^

Sarjais
*

iveaTos

^*

-^ 4

^^ ^^
^'^

^^

1688.

, \ € €, € • ^- [ ]€€ ^, ] [ ^\ \ [ [] [ ] , —( -[ €] , [ [\ \\ ]
kv
^^

(ero?)

*

,

5] €
^^
(cf.
^^
^'^

(€ '
or

TepevTLov

4250.
^^

^ ^^ '
"^
(1.

24;

cf.

1686. 10).
^


(

^

^

? ^
rrjs

avTtjs

^

"EAet

8)

^'^

be

iv

[4\[^

....,]

kv

"EXet

irepl

^^

-

^^

^*

?

^^

^^

|

8-3

6•7

cm.

Third century.

private land for
lessees

and the

, ^

belonged to Phoboou, a village
village

&€
^

(?)

^^

[ 4^'[5
(cf.
^

1.1?'«[]6

^ ^ ]€€ ']- [] [
4
years, being an extension of an existing lease.
in the
(1.

Beginning of a lease of 5f arourae of

a village
^ 6

in that

toparchy known from 1285. 85. ^ " (-'-)
€is
*

[
^

The

)

Eastern toparchy (1659.
is

^'^),

probably identical with

-

°

^'^
^"

4{}

Tots

'Ave-

^

^^

1.]€

4€ (cf.

[
I,

(-

^

^*

?]

^

1689.

^[]^[][] ' []€
*€4[

d. 266, Lease of 5 arourae of land at Mermertha 35 ^7" cm. 1659. 30) for 2 years at the rent of 10 artabae of wheat and 10 of lentils.

.

^o

[] 4{)

^

[. .]?
^^

['\[]Mep-

€[ []
?]

^

(?)]

4€,

^^

[]€

[] -

? .,]4

[] }[[]
1631.

.)

[ ?]'
^ ^^
iciv

^

Tlave-

^

€[1
^*

6]6'^

[]
^^ iv

€]

^^

Ktvbv-

,

^ []
[]
^^

LEASES
e^^
(1.

€<[€]5
yi]s

-)

beKa

^^

KVpiivovT[as\
^^
t?]s

€,
^^

*^

^^ [\
^^

aboXa
5e

TOS

(1.

-res)

^^

4,^obav €[,\€-€[]. 7:[]6€^? b[L]ov []' [] ^^ {}[]^, -^, ? ^ '€€9 []?[]^]
tls,
^^

[^] '?

^ []^
(1.

.),

^^

vbvv []
[,]
iros
^"^

149

iros

€[]€ 7/3.
^*

8-

^^

[npds] tovs ^^

iav 6e

^^

btKaia

*^

kavTols

[].
**

.

^^

{€),
1690.
1365.
int.

€'€[]€- ^^ res
{-)
^^

[] ^ ,[] [] - € []- ^ ^. []\\ ^^ [] ^) -.
^"^

^,^^

rat rots

^^

-^
^^

€)([$] €, []
be

via

^^

cts

€-

^^

^* pis

Trjs

'^^

re

^^

^s

e-

^'^

^^ (erous)

*^

Meytr[o]
h.)
^^

1(([^^

*'

(2nd

/cat

e[^ aAA]i;A[e]y-

^^

{-[]'\-)

m

^^

€\6\

Verso

^^

[we'yjre.

18.8x15-2 cm.

. D.
1.

287.

Found with

1365, 1386, and 1392;

cf.

Lower
^^

part of a lease of 5 arourae to a strategus from a
11) at the rent of 3,000

(called

ing (erous)

[]
^^
ft)S

.
^^

€ [] '
(er.)

yeovxovm

()
'^^ ] • [.

drachmae per aroura, conclud-

^^

'.
is

.
Verso

(2nd hand)

^"

IlroXe^ats

t]^ts kbav

This Strategus

to be placed between Aur. Philiarchus (1456.
recto. 2, 20).
first

^
[]in
int.

woman

I, n.)

and Aur. Heraclides (1252
X
9*1

1691. komis

lO'i

cm.

A. D. 291.

The
to

(cf.

1659. 37) by a
(cf.

with flax

One
with

of the lessees

Upa

. G.U. 74>
Upas
Trjs

, ,, ,
102-3, P. S.
I.

woman

two men

part of a lease of 3 arourae at Senofor i year, the land to be sown

belonged to the
irtpm

469) at a rent of 2,500 drachmae per aroura. tepa vobos, which is apparently identical

from Oxyrhynchus
(1.

;

cf.

. S. .

-tatva)

Upas

*

(-)

"^

{') () () (
^

(.)

^

vbo

() ( -, -^)
45° verso,
i.

?

{)

908. 8

^
56,
^
(1.

and 1703.

Aioyivei

^

added

later),

^

corr.)

^

.

.

'-S-A.^fi

150

/ (.)

,
irpbs

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
6^

Tipbs

avTTJs

^^

(^ 4$
^^

',

iravTos ^^ Kivbvvov,

Kvpuvovaav
S]e

()

^^

[(
19


. D.
88.

[ ? €4-. 6€
irev^*

^, € ^^, ^{)
^^

^^

[^obav
first

1692.

12-6 cm.

The

part of a lease of
(cf.

in a vineyard and adjoining reed-plantation at Talao

to 1631, but about a century earlier.
in the

(
^2
(j-is

^

pbs {€() ^{) € - vos € € €; ( - -vooas ^teov aos bs , € as , €b€os pbs os, []- , - oavbs {] bas [
^

commentary on that papyrus.
?)

' ttjs

?
*
^^

The

€- ;,
;

]

6-

irpbs

^®[/3e-

]\€-

ipya

1659. 105), similar technical terms are discussed

^^

2*

[.

1693.
at

Apos

kvios
for

? , , , ,^ ,? , , ,, , [ [4 , [€ , ^ ^ ^ - ?^^'? - ^iirl

ev

iviavTov

eva

(eTovs)

^
^

'AfioVo?

^

ivea-T&Tos

pis

^

^

^

/

a>s

vias,

ipya

^^

eis

^^ e/cTos

eis

^*

bo4-

^^

fis

^^

^''

byes,

^^

? ^*

)

.

.

.

{)
9-2

ye

?\

?

^^

[

?,

^^

?]os

^erei;e[y/cei ?
.

.

[4 {os)
1•

^^ [

^[5

^^]^('[

(or

[)

Verso

^^

6-8

cm.

Late third century.

Beginning of a lease of a courtyard
^

Oxyrhynchus

for

4

years,
-

similar to 911-12, 1036, 1694.

%

{) ^}
f
\.

ttjs

[5

^]?
^ ^

^

em

kv

[)]; h
payment.
24-4

€ ^ ' bo
On

-

^

^

[]-

The

reign

is

not earlier than that of Valerian and
the verso
is

Gallienus or later than that of Probus.

1570, an order

1694.
^

X y•;^ cm. at Oxyrhynchus
*

aos ^pavos \
^
'

€ ^?

a. d. 280.

A similar lease of a house and
^ (^.) ^ (-) .p€paeavos ttjs *

appurtenances

for six years at a rent

of 1,000 drachmae per annum.
ttjs

s &(

'

Met/cpas

eirl

8 - ^. €4^ ^^€
'4
^

LEASES

ef aito
k-n

ovtos

"

^^

*7€; (.)

h

§

^*

[€]

6

TcAfi

^ ; - , } , , [^ €. €. [. ? ( {€
^^

^^

^"^

vos rots

^
^^

-

^^
6e

r^s

CTrt

hos
^^

evoi- ^^

kv

'

kar\-

-,
^^

€€ (
^^

151
e (erofs

corr.) (UKtay

"
hos
^^ /cat

^?
^^

^^

'^'^

(-)

^?

hs kav

29

tt/s

€{)

Kkubas

^8

)

ear

( COrr.)

[€-

^^

^^

irepl

CTre- ^^

3*[]-

€[]
^^
^^

e ^^

^^

.

(and
*^

h.)

^^

[€][] '[]
^^

*^

^^

*^

\1]

The name and
in
1. 1.

sex of the lessee are given differently in

11.

^-6 and 39-40

;

a few more lines followed

Possibly 5 seems to be a mistake for On the titles of Probus see 1631. 34, n. 44.

.
^

€€-

1695-

Lease of part of a house at Oxyrhynchus of 6,000 talents; cf. P.S.I. 175, 467, 1037, 1129. The lessors, 3 brothers, had recently acquired the property as the result reference to the regnal years of a division by lot with their mother. which became the two customary eras ot Oxyof Constantius and Julian, rhynchus, occurs in 1. 13 cf 1056, which is two months earlier, and 1632.

257 X

IO-4 cm.

a. d. 360.

for I year at the rent

9, n.

hiavTov €va

^ '
h
^^ 2^ 29

^' €(.)'{)^. {)- ^ ' ^^
;

(.)

^

^

^^

^^

€'

€ ' [] ([] ,-, - ^) ) )) 7().
^?
MTjTpo[s]
.

€^
^^

{") » rfi

(
^*
(

: -^ ^ ^? {) ,-A

.

U

"^

{')
^
^^

^

^^

€'

^^

(er.)

^

(er.)

(previously

unknown)
^"^

^^

ets
^^
^^

{.)

.[.]..[.]..,

hipgy

-^'-^^

(-)

be

^^i^va
^^

^^

,, .

.[.

('

[]5 [] ;[]
^2

.]

.

[.

.]

{]; ' ^-

{.) (.)

V•

'

hv

[(]

().

=

[7€(0€5)

](77).

152

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
(2)

Sales

and

Cessions.

1696•

26-7xii-5cm.
6

a. D. 197.

Sale of the courtyard of a house at
^

rhynchus
cm'

'ApcTL^

-[[
for
v[io]s
^

200 drachmae, similar to 505.

£!^\^ ^[

*

[iTiirpaKivaL
rjs:]

TTJs

iitep

a[v]r9- ^^

[^€ (
'[]]

? €]?, [ €'. ] [ [][] ] €]( € , [ [^ [^] - ^? [ '] €] '? ] -,[ ] ? ^.? [\[\^^\^ 6[] "^ ),
[

TcpoLs ?

,
^"^

(^ ( bo
rjs \j/eL^

]);

[e]ts

[\$,

avXrjs yeiToves

[\[
T[o]y ael
^

,•\ ]\^ '7]';? [€] [] []^ [9 ][ ^^[]€ [25
lettersVi/os
.

[
[]1
^

Oxy-

.]v€t

]

7roAe]ws

xat[pe]ti;.

•)(^[]
?

[Xbs tottos,

bpa^jxas
^^

[

6

^
(
yjeiOrs,

]
corr.)

^^

^^

oijKoro^eii' irepl

eav

-,

corr.

from

?)

^^

()

^^[,

avhpQiv

(

1697•
^

[ ^] ^ []^^ ] €[ €4.) €]( ( ]
^^[

^

/3[]

(?)
from
h.)

(first

corr.

;37}^[]5

(corr.

from

^^[

],
. d.
for

?)

[

]

.

(2nd

^^[

.

.

iirep

at

^

from )

(

] ?,
corr.

? € ( [([ ? ; ^ . '
(1.

[^.
242.

[].

[\

'[]9

^^[?,
^*

28-2

27 cm.

Sale in duplicate of the courtyard of a house
;

Oxyrhynchus
^

200 drachmae

cf 1276-7, 1634, 1696, 1698-1702.
-

)(6€([1?
^

*

(cf 1703. int.)

pae([b]o
^

^

eis

?? .;
^^
^^

from

)

,,
boa

kv

in

bo
ael
^*
^^

^

qxov

^^

.
(2nd
h.)

^^

be

€)

\aoovbo

,(
corr.
(1.

^.)

()

-

^^

(

corr.

from

^^

Kvpuveiv

^^

,

bpa

\?

SALES AND CESSIONS
^^ Tie pi
(1.

&)[s]

-)

^* ^^
^^

*[€?7
*^
TTJs

^^

viov

] [[ [ [ 4] [ €€ ( , [ ] . [$, '] [] [ ? . [/ €([ .
[] []
^^

(

corr.)

^?
^^

iravTos
(s

corr.

TTavTos

^^

[][]
''[^

€] €€

Ai[oyivovs,

^^

) ), - \] ^ ? ? ? € . [ 7[ 153
iav kpf
(1.

alpf), oTrep
^*

)
(1.

(1.

^^

(1.

from
^"^

)

^^^
^^

yr]s

tos

7[]9

^^

['

ia]v epi)
^^

atpfj)

irpos

€€.

irepl ^^
^'

[] []
"
^^

[]{5,

] [ [5
•.]

(irovs)

Topbiavov]

[]€;[

]

7raTp[os

.]?) ^^ '[€4
**

(

corr.

from

)

^^

7777,

43-5 are obtained from the second copy, which
1.

6 has

customary 12 drachmae 1 7-1 8, ., where the
in
11.

) , ^.
oUCas
eis a(ei

^)
24

?

*^

The
12

vvv,

By

the

,,
Verso
*^

(€,
21

7(?)
11.

restorations in
is

30-4» 3^~9j 4I,

by the and hand and

6

in

1.

33 ^^^ meant the
cf.

for

Alexandria and the
are also discussed.

3~2

corresponds to

.

7;[/
cf•

: 7[
.
halves of lines
29), 268,

-

in

1473.

in

1208. 24;

1638. 30,

1698.

17

13*'^

a village.

A

cm. few

A.D. 268?

Sale of house-property and building-land at

lines are lost at the beginning,

and the

first

The date is Thoth 13 (Sept. 10) of the ist year of whose name is lost (1. 28). Most probably he was a third-century emperor Claudius II, who came to the throne shortly before the end of an Egyptian
are missing throughout.
year, with the result that the year beginning

Thoth

i

(Aug.

was

sometimes (unofficially) treated as the i6th of Gallienus and ist of Claudius, cf. 1476. int., where the sometimes (officially) as the and of Claudius 1698, if our restoration of chronology of that period is discussed in detail. 1. 28 is correct, is on the first system of dating, being parallel to P. Strassb. 6 and lo-ii (1646 is on the second system), and provides the earliest mention of Claudius in a papyrus, being 5 weeks earlier than P. Strassb. 10. 25 (Hermopolis ist year, Phaophi 19 = Oct. 16, 268). In the case of any other emperor than Claudius the restoration of his name in 1. 28 gives rise Claudius is not the only third-century emperor whose to great difficulties. but there is evidence accession took place near the end of an Egyptian year
;
; ;

from coins and papyri concerning the date of the recognition in Egypt of Macrinus, Elagabalus, Severus Alexander (cf 1522), Maximin, Gordian,

154

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Aemilianus, Probus, and Diocletian, which is inconsistent with the attribuEmperors who at their tion of Sept. lo to the ist year of any of these.
reigned jointly (Balbinus and Pupienus, Gallus and Volusian, Valerian and Gallienus, Macrianus and Quietus, Vaballathus and Aurelian,
accession

Carus and Carinus and Numerian) are excluded by the use of the singular. Decius is now known to have been recognized at Oxyrhynchus by Choiak i (Nov. 38) of his 1st year, and there is evidence for his accession before Oct. 16 (cf. 1636. 41, n.) but his name is too long for the lacuna, and on
;

Sept. 10, 249, in

Egypt the
can

Philippi were probably

still

regarded as reigning.

Tacitus

is

generally considered to have
accession

come

to the throne in September,

but

his

hardly

have been known at Oxyrhynchus by

Sept. 10, 275, and 1455, written on Oct. 19 of that year, is still dated by Aurelian. Ouintillus (1476. int.) is equally improbable, for on Oct. 20, 269
(1646.
int.),

the dating at

Oxyrhynchus was

still

absence

of testimony concerning

system of reckoning their ist year was employed, there is a strong presumption in favour of Claudius as the emperor in 1698. After traces of i line

] \]8- ^[ ,
eh
[aet

^

[32 letters]ou

7[

r^s avTrjs]

[,
\,

kv

€ ^
.

yeiTJoyes
TOLS he

^,(
[/']
°

]

?

kv

[ ],^ ^^ ] €, ^ 77] ^, [ other emperors that

by Claudius. Hence in the more than one

7.6?

[^

-*
,

"

[peiy.

iv

€]

?

17

1.

rjs

yiiroves

''?

^

[30

1.]

.

is

[]

^

\[]

7r]pos

[]77? virep
^^
[

ttjs
^^

[(

^^

[

^^[

)

€ ,[^ € €] ^ €. ] ]
^^[as
'^Wf TjavTa
^^
aipfj
^^

][]

vbp]y

' 6vboov ^^[ (^^^ €][^ € ]5. [ [] ^^[€ pohe-

]- eav
a.lpfj,

\ ^^[ ' € ? ' ] € ] ?^^ ^^, )
Trepi

KvpuieLV

^*

]

([ [e]/;[e]^r(Sros erous,

^ [] €( ]- ^^[
05 hoa
15
1.

-

kri1.,

^

21

?

,

^^[ktjs yrjs

.]

ovhe

€6(]

{()

[$]

[] []9 [€]- ^^[^
^^
[

ivTidOtv

, [

],

(-^)

€6

re

[)([

^^

[€

?

^°[\/^)

^? —
.

SALES AND CESSIONS
EvtJuyoCs
ly.
^^

In

1.

II the

"0
word
after

155
h.)

(2nd

[40

1.

oi\klG)v
:

)
8, n.)

1699.

end, for the sale of a house and building-land at Paimis
to Aur. Serenus son of Agathinus
^
[

^

^
"*

17-5

X

19•!

cm.

a. D. 240-280.

A

1702. 3. similar contract, incomplete at the
cf.
(cf.

may be

ayavovs

1629.

[69

*

^

'

] ^, ? - [\ €naeiJLi[et iv rots]
[

, ?, , ? 4$ ? ?^ (? . , ( ^ -( , , 4€[ [?^ [ ? ?,
cis

[

[

]^ ?$[€[ . ^
(cf.

1631.

i,

n.)

for 4,500

drachmae.

]?
^

Koi^i.

^Q,pos

KoKXovOos T[

{-\.)

[][
kv
®

tovs

] ' ^^ ^5 ^
Stv [yjeirove?

6[\ ]
['rrjs

'
ck

tottovs

["2][ ?

^

('.),

^

?

•}{^) /3
€'?,

iepov,

^^

bpaxp&v

, ^^

irepi

;-

e^

^^

^^

^^

^^

^^

^

tois

?

^^

^'

\

Trept

?

kav

aipfj,

k^ohov

€'

airep

eirarayKe?

(-'.)

[

(-

[b€Las
^^

pos

^'

iravTOS

^^

[]?

1638. 15)

cm. Late third century, in the ist year of an emperor 1700. The middle part of a contract for the sale of arable and vine-land, (1. 20). a pigeon-house, and house-property at Seruphis (cf. 1285. 71) for 2 talents.
12-4

(€
^^

)-

. 7:[^? ;;;
^^

?,
letters

([]€
^^

X

[€
(.)

€? [

7[?

-

— with vestiges of

yeo? ^ ??
? (cf.
I

more

line.

15-1

^

^

^.
€€
Xpf]^
. .

, ? ^',, ?€
[^^
^

ov

^

boa

/3? '^
^

; ^^ [
yciToves

[],

' ?

TTpos

"^

[]? pbav
^^
^^

(.)

[]

7[6];,

; ] ?,- [^ttol,

-

?,]

ras

he

(
^

(cy'y•)

(.)

.

— —

]

156

olKO-nihoiv, Kol
^^

^? [$
kripois
yi]S

- - ? []5 ^, [€]€ ; [ ? €] - '[] ^^4, ' [ €'[€]€ 7[€ ? [(bo€s €'[]€ .

(.),

\ ^ € ^ .; ; ^^,
THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
*-'

? iav

aiprj,

e^etf

(-et)

7[](,

airep

iiravayKes

/? ^? ^
^^®

(vbp.)

eVi

[]
^^

(^5)

€]

1701.

•9 2•6 cm. Third century. Fragment of a sale of house-property Oxyrhynchus which had been mortgaged (^ 1. 15) to the buyer as security for two loans, of 4,' 000] dr. and 5>ioo d^"• respectively. These loans, together with accrued interest amounting to [. .]64 dr. (1. 19), were apparently deducted from the purchase-price, which was not less than
at

(5 [

^ , [^ , ^";
^^

€)/[]€;2;
eiaiwT[o]?

^^

elvai

^ ^^ (
(-ay'/c.)

--

^*

ros

re yioapyias

^^ Krjs

a7r[o

o]0eiA^s

^^

^® ^? 6[7]

^*

[]

(eVous)

€']
^^

(?)

2;[,]

be

TOis

(.)

\ijvTTep

'pobe[€vos
\

^^

ivTedOev

]

^^

iav aipy

oibe kiiipa^

eibo]-

-,

18,000 dr.

(1.

14).

Cf. int. to 1634,

which

is

similar,

but better preserved.

About half the lines (40-50 letters) in 1701. 5 more in 1. 4, and 18 more in 1. 3 only in 1.
;

sqq. are lost,
16 can the

be supplied with a high degree of probability.

45

^^

€ ? ? € )? 5 , « ^[? 5 ]^ [$ €]€4 ? ? } ^ [ $ ^} ? , '? [ ?
initial

and 5

letters

lacuna
^

[•]

[•]^'^


]
.

After traces of 2 lines
oiKijas

.

.[.]...[ 15

1•

^

[


-

^oltos to

^

bo

(1.

-)

[45 —

[7)]

,

Trjs]

(-)

Trjs]
?

(Tepas
L

Toi/[s]

biaTayivTas

Trjs

Trjs
^

alprj

]

Trjs aiTrjs

[? —
/3[]?
^?

®

[

^^

?,

yeiToves

,

Trjs

bvo yeyovvias (-.)

$ ?
/3'[?]

as

].) ] ?,^? '/? ?', [ ^? [ ( ? ^/ ['5 €$ ]4 ' ^? ; ? €Trjs

\\,

[] /3?
^^
[

©e'ojvo?

aiTrjs

^^

— ][] —
,

(1.

,

]? yvroves — ], TLs

(-)

^'^

bpav
^^

^^

[

?

?

(1.

-das)

?,

.

eret

^?

]77?

ae
1702.
1

? 6
^"^

SALES AND CESSIONS

[? —
TO
|

,

kripav

he.

^^[;
.

€T€L

]

']
^^
[.

bpas

'?

biekOovTos

€tovs bpayjxas

[4]€9,
6-5

([tt\l

[]

[bpas

^^ (, —]?
,

157

tovs] be

—][

[][]
]
.

.

In

1.

9

^'

a]e(aaL
Sale, or

is

not unlikely.

both sale and cession (cf. 1208. 8), of at an unspecified place for [i ?]3,8oo a piece of building-land (called drachmae (11. 3-4), lacking the beginning of the contract and the second After halves of lines, which can, however, be restored from e. g. 1636.
9-3

cm.

. D.

290.

remains of

I

line

^

^evevas

?

\\ii- ^

[

avTOOei

peev
"^

^poeLevo
^ TTepl

e^[vae

e

Tjj

e

evTedOev

vea

[
hand.
(cf.

[ ^ €€.) ) —- , -. [ b[o(e } bo[e. €[€
vTiep

^^

'

[4
eav
aipfj,

[ ,

(1.

-npos

ea[v
®

77[?

inep

bpaas
^

hyovoLS

ee)

be

[

e^Ieeea

[

? . ۥ4[
?]

err'

^^

^

€ ,

eirl
(1.

€4 ^ ^*

^^

eii-

^'^

{[)

, . [
e^
(1.

e^[eeoevov
(cf.
^"^

-

\.)
evye-

][

1636. 24)

(1.

^^

^pobeevo
irepl be

boKelv

ttj

op-

e^:ep[el

Evev

^^

6[1 : eav (.)
^^

^^

7;[]

^^

-

(eV.)

e

('.)

Tepav[v
The

following 4 hnes contain-

ing the signature, which have been expunged, begin (2nd h.) ? On the verso is part of an account in a different

Mev ^^[]'

[
eav
^^

.

1703.

X 15-5 cm. Third century. Beginning of a contract for the conveyance (aaepava cf. 1636. 42-3, n.) of part of a house at Seruphis
8-3
;

1285. 71) to a cosmetes of Oxyrhynchus from an agoranomus, acting on behalf of his 3 sons, who were under his mamis (cf. 1642. 5, n.) and had One of the sons bought the property previously from the cosmetes.

belonged to the e^

and

([ ?^ [] ] ]^• €

?
for
^

iepov"iKai
^

;

cf.

B.C. U. 1093.

iepovlKai 1691.

int.

{6) 'e
^

[^])/€'
xaipeiv.

^e

6]

()

[\[•]

? €
2,

1697.

3,

1705. 2-3,

"
.

fit[.]?-09

]

158

1704.

€ €[]€ -) \ ]09 '[ () [][( (^ €, h [.] 4$ €€ [ ] ^]; ^ — .
^

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

ds

[
(iep.)
.

(1.

hi

o[i

''

€[-

^ rrjs

^

pos

\1]

'A-nias TTJs

.

.

.

s EOit[o]s,

Tp[e]t?

(V TOis
^^

en

'^^

[\
]e[.

"

oUias

bimpyiaias
21

.

.

[.](€

.

[.

,

.].[.••!
;

15 cm.

D. 298.

Conveyance

(1.

24

cf.

1636. 4'i-3>^)

of buildings and corn-land at Sesphtha
(1.

(cf.

1659. 108), with a water-wheel

&c. The price of the property, which had been vendor from his parents, is not stated, and though it may inherited by the possibly have been given in the lost beginning, is more likely to have been
11), windlass, stone,

. ])- , €[][] 8^^ [ .) [] ' :\ \( ^[ ) ^ €'7[] 4
the subject of a distinct contract of
letters]

....

[](

[ets

^

[

After parts of 4
ev

lines, ^ [40

?

(1.

(

''

]^](1[]

ey

[],

^

[20

1.]

(1.

€'

€; hiadi-

yetrvicu ?];
(1.

(cf.

1637. 31—

eJTTi

[ ^] ^\ ^\)]7 €4, [ ( ) () 4( ] ) v€^ob,
() ^^[€4
(1.

7,

.),

^°[5
kv
^^

^^»)

iav f

€? , ([4^ € [ ^][] , ] € [ ,] ^, [( ]- € ^ , €€ €[ ,^? /. [(] [] ].
(1.
(1.
(1.

-.)

-rais)

[22 1.]
^^

{('.)

^^[ '

irepl

:€€]€

[]

kpf
cis

(1.

'
^^

(.),

^^

]
^"^

(

corr.

from

4^[\

]- [ ) (^^ [] - [ ] )
^^

'

()

]

^^

(1.

?

^^

[(

aipf]

]€[]
^\—

()

[

)

€ ]
rois

^"[

^3

^[

(
,

corr.

from

at)

1705. 22).

(and
'"^

h.)

^^

{};,

[]. (^) [] ] ] [] ]^'^[vj]

(.)

(.) -

(cf.

[

SALES AND CESSIONS
1705.
21-3x16.7 cm.
A. D. 298.

Sale of a loom
cf.

(1.

a new adjective; for

Reil,

Gewerb. 98) and
a
^

'[\€ '? [] (
tj]

.^ €

2 talents 1,000

was sold

(VTevOev

-,, ] -, ] [] , ^, []. [] ^

{} ( ,

(-'.)

^'

- 9 ^. {5) ('? €€ - ' €[] € ( , [] , € ( €•
drachmae.
for

In

264

(54)

smaller loom with

20 drachmae.
^ "

Ovak^pios

^
6, its
?

^ ^,
and
ttctt

159

apparatus for

[](
^
^

UpovLKOiv (Up.) (cf 1703. int.)
*

en

'

'£,

€[]

^

bav
^^

[x]etpo?,

*^ ;•7[]

(.)

^^

^*

^^

aipfi,

^^

\\
^^

[

^'^

^^

[]
^^

[]

()
)

^[.]

^^

(.)

^^

(

corr.

from
^^

(.)

1706.

,2•5
182 (234).
missing.
15)

cm.

a.d. 207.

^^ .? , . ,
(.) -

[]

\]1

,

(.)

(2nd

h.)

^^

'
^"^

(.)

^^

-

Sale of two female slaves, drawn up at the

cleopolite contracts

(as frequently happens in Heraand similar to 1209 (251-3) and P. S. I. Blank spaces were sometimes left for names and ages, which
;

of Oxyrhynchus by
cf.

1208.

2, n.),

have been partly supplied by a diiiferent hand. About ^^ letters are lost at the ends of 11. 2-16 and about 8 more in 11. 17-20, and the conclusion
is

Two new demes
and
in

Athenian
1.

tribe

^*[ ]^7;[]
^

? [

)
^

at

Antinoopolis occur,

the Paulinian.

[

'[]'?

]€[]
[

^
in
(cf.
[
'^

the

([ — - ^^

(.)

i6o

^

(ercSr)

7€?5 /.[ — — $ — ^es — [ hov?
^

^ () <() [—
(er.)
. .

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

1707.

1708.

^ ' ? ^^ [ \- ^ [€( ? '?' '? ^ - ? . ? - ? ^'? ^4', '-?/ )/ ? '? €^ ' ?. ) ^? ^ [] '? '? ? '
^^

-??' ? )
^'^

?

avTTJs

ros

?

(1.

from

e)

hbs

[] (.) bovXas yty[ovOTa (.) ( ^pobeL ( () '€? ? A[ — from ?) by 2nd —

^^

? €4 ?? ? 9 ?? ^ ^
— [ «?—
'

«

' ^^^
(er.)
[,

'Apcc-

€-

?

^"^

,

e/carepas 6e

^^

^?

???

'[6? — ev
h

'? ?
?

[ **

[}? —
.

ayutS ras

;

corr.)

^^

.

vb[

(at corr.

^"^

6;

irevTe

[

^*

(corr.

h.

^^

(cf.

1463.

int.)

?

(^
On

with vestiges of

I

more

line.

the verso

is

a

list

of contracts (1726) in a different hand.
A. d.

i8x8-8cm.
I.

204.

Sale of a female ass for 600 drachmae;

cf.

P. S.

79 and 1708.

Both parties were Alexandrian
1.

from a new tribe
^

(^'?,
6
(1.

4).

^

f

[]

^

vos

Evobo

-)

() 0()6?
(
corr.
^
^

7€}
^

citizens,

one of them

from

on)

^

^

?
(1.

bpas

-)

^^

^^

(
^*
^^

[]

?.
^"^

? ?,
^^

6€6^^

^(

^"^

? , / (.) , ?

(1.

€€ \€) -)
(1.

corr.) ^^
^*

[]
6
e.

€{)€

-

^e-

?
in

^^

[].

^^

€/3?
^^

^^

/3[]
h.

'^

^^

^^

^^

^^

6

6

(1.

?) - '.
^^

(2nd

rude uncials)

D. 311. 25 9• cm. in the Heracleopolite nome

10 talents 4,000 drachmae to an inhabitant of Oxyrhynchus.

had taken place
1256.
in
4,

called 6

the Delta (that
is

1256,
'

/?

less

? ^
at the

.

Sale of a male ass by an inhabitant of Penne
in

(cf.

P. Stud. Pal. x. 233.

i.

12) for

market of the Cynopolite nome, which is here, as in to distinguish it from the Cynopolite nome refers to a toparchy, as proposed in the translation of
cf.

likely

;

902.

^

{)
l

? ^?

,

The

transfer

sc.
^

'?).

€7( ^
(1.

SALES AND CESSIONS
^
^

')
'^^

yJ>(o\y\
xeipo's,
^^

hev€poov

]€9, ^^'{•) (.)
.

(.) ', a[s /36/3[][9 (1. -([?) ^^ .] [.] e[.
. .

^*

[][{€),
be^ov
^^

.

^^

(2nd
^*

h.)

^- ? .^ €{) ([ ]^ ] .^. ^
i6i
'^

rrjs

Trapabe-

^

^

^{\
b4K[a

bva
^^

^^

]

] ^^
^^

(or

{/)}€;)
e/c

bpayjxas

€[^^

Xeu-

[^]

.

.]

[(not

]() ); apparently)
67€€€['].

tos 7^[? (]€[{€9)] ^^
^^
;

(

corr.
(1.
)

from

cf.

1430. 5)

1709.

Beginning of a sale drawn up before two 1208-9, where there was only one The lower part and 1208. 2, n. and 1706, where there were two
3'4

^
^

^^

iO'4cm.

of the contract

'AX^^avbpov
kv

()
1710.
from
^^

Te-

^

[

(, ^, ,^ €[ ^'^[ -(€) ( , ' ]
€(5)
;

b)s

-).

^^

[[]]

(«(

corr.

from

vos).

. D. 224•
off.

cf.

was cut
*

^"?
.

^

^

(^.)

]

.

(()

^

[24

1•]

(3)

Loans and
148.

Deposits.
the verso of 1622 (Thuc.

7•52•2
\ypa6\ /^[]

cm.

. d.

On

incomplete contract

€^];

in a large irregular

'Aya^oiros to

€[—

7;[])(7) km-

^^

{()]
^^

[][\

[][]
.

[€]€•}
^^

^[])€
ii).

An

hand

for the loan of

,

concluding

^^

160 drachmae
^''

[]

(- [.

Late third century, in the 2nd year of an emperor (1. 10). 17*4 cm. 1711. 12*5 Contract in duplicate for the loan of 2 talents 4,800 drachmae, interest at the usual rate of i per cent, a month being payable only for overtime.

The

1722.

bo

^
2.
^

lender was a friend or relative (client
AvprjAios
^

?)

of a diicenarius
^

;

cf.

^Aavbpo

(1.

Ai^ep.)
^

bpa•

^

be-

€€ ., €€ ^

{)
kv

evbpo
^

?

in

(.)
1643.
^

bovapo
^

(cf.

-3, .)

€.

^ob€lv
^^

(.)

(()

.

i62

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

yeLvo-

€•€ -'€[ ( ]
^*
^^

virep

€ (,
viii.

[
ttjs

€-

^^

^^
^^

€<] re

?

ejwe-

^^

better preserved in the second copy.

[[.
^^
^^

^,

-

€7:€€]

^. [( ] d
6e

,

e- ^^

€.[\,

^^

[
^^

Lines 19-21 are

Beginning of an acknowledgement of a loan 1712. 9•82•5 cm. a. d. 394. from an optio familiae, probably of the praefect. With this new kind of optio cf. optio carceris in Dessau, Inscr. 21 17, &c., custodiarum 2436, and
especially optio praet{or it)
iii.

2439

(cf.

Domaszewski, Rangordmmg, p.

44), C.

I.

L.

5803, 7765,

2947, x. 7583,

The. familia praefecti

may

from the residences of provincial governors. perhaps be compared to \}. familia castrensis or

castrorum impei^atoris {Oess2i\x 1747, 34^5, 9028).

As Rostowzew

observes,

the private household of the praefect seems to have been organized on The head of these was the centtirio princeps a military basis, like his officia.
(1637. 10,
n.),

to

whom

the optio praetorii or familiae praetoriae was sub-

ordinate.

previously
cf.
11.

{) /\
I
^

The praenomen Flavius of the consul Abundantius (1. 2) was unknown. About 20 letters seem to be lost at the ends of lines
^

and 4~5•

[

Verso ^" 22-6 . D. 279• Contract for the receipt of a deposit of 14-3 cm. 1713. talents 1,280 drachmae, to be returned at the depositor's will 148 cf. 1714, P. Strassb. 54, Tebt. 387. The document has been crossed through, showing that the deposit was repaid. ^ (cf.
.

6^) —

[
^

Mera

^?

^ [r]jjs
?]

{)^ :\ — [€? — ^. '— ]
\

^

^

[2
[

1.

[
^

;

€ob[oov

?

^

6\}iokoyQ>
[.
.

"^

]

[—

.

eis
^•]

^
V'^^

[
"^^^

ibia]v

^

[3

;

1631.

€v

I,

.)

^

Trj[s.

]«//35
*

, '^

^

.{)€ ^ ? {}, ,
[9]
^

m

^^
^

^

(-'.)

^^

^
^*

(.)

aipfj

^^

(1.

-)
^^

^"^

-.
^^

'

[\

^^

itapa
(bp.)
^^

'
^^

(.),

^^

.
^^

(erovs) €

1714.

restorations in

'{5)

]4 {) ]^]^^[ - . [ ' () ? - \ ][\ [ [ (?
duplicate for a deposit of
11.

. 62•
^

(.)

^^
Kaiaapos
^^

LOANS AND DEPOSITS
MeyiVrov

^^

,^
i
:

YlepaiKoxj
^^

"
(-y'x•)
*

163

cm.

Probably

. D.

285-304•

Beginning of a

contract

in

money (no

talents?),

similar to 1713.
La'

The

1-6 are derived from Col.
ttJs
^

ii.

Col.

7[o]es

[5

]^[])/€;
(-)
aiTrjs
^

^

Trjs

^;
7

''

i

vbvov
(-)
*

-navrbs

vbvo

oTTcp

(^
1.

{-'.)

'

[

.

bi]Ka,

(cf.

1713. 9 sqq.).

The

joint

reign in

probably

refers to Diocletian

and Maximian.

(4)

Receipts.

1715.

amount.
•.[.].

[.]

^ - € [('? ]^ ) - [] '
292.
^

23-5

X

•2

cm.

A. D.

An

acknowledgement of the repayment
^

of 2 talents out of a loan of 6 talents, together with interest on the whole
Ai»[pr/A]ios
^

[}$]

^0^{) 7'(€?) []
^ ^ ^

€[] [\
.

[

]

^V^-

* '''H-ot.[.]aLeT€p^

^^][]

••[

^

\aipetv.

\€(

'

[\
1^

Aaipovos

77;[]5
[]
^^
(1.

-

,
^^

^^

(er.),

[]€
()
^^[

(^(pJ]{€l)

(1.

[] - ] 6, [] )
(-)

'^^[]

[]7;
. D.

(). , ^ []•
'* ^^

^^

7[]
^"

^^,() ^
(-)
^^
^^

[76]

^^

(.)

(.)

^^

^^

^[];;
^^

(.)

() [] -

^'^6\1].

1716.

24'!

:[]2•2 cm.
^"^

(['€][€\ An acknowledgement ^^^.

)[].

[]

^;
(,)
h.)
(1.

(2nd

.)

' []

on behalf of a vir

perfectissimus,

who had been

a procurator^ of the repayment of a loan

of 300 talents, special provision being made, as in 1133, for the circumstance
that the original deed of loan

Zenophilus

(1.

2)

of the formula

'

was lost. The name Domitius of the consul was previously unknown. At the end is an early instance on which see 1627. 29, n. ^

[][]3 ;

.

.

.

,^
2

^

'? {)

:

i64

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

^

{;? 4 { (1.

-)

[]9
(.)
^
(1.

(- .)

'? - 9 ? }5 €£ /;[]5 «'
^

.

*

(-?)

^

'

efxoO

?(05)

{05}

-^)

'

^.
-)

(
^

^ yvmi-

corr.

from

)

*t^s

(.)

fvyJ)r[]r]va

[.

(-.)

?€]4 ] €€ ^
rois

^^

a{p]aTieiTT0K4vai

^^be

7rapevp[e>i

(
(1.

(€4

(1.

€ :[]€7€60[ ' ^
^^ ^^

-.)

[corr.),

Trepi

[] [,]
^^
(1.

';
^^

(.)

?[]6

(and

ehat
^^


20

[]?.
{4)
)
(
26

(
4;

(cf.

1717. 3)

(2nd
^3

corr.
^^

(; corr.)

€€^ ''? (second ( from from ) ) from ) VbCov ( from ) ( from ) from ) \\ ( (
h.) 22

€4.
from

^^

corr.

corr.
^^

be

{) \4
corr.

^ 4 , ^? 4
^^

ivTevdev

-) €
^

itipX

^^

re

[^'?
[[.]]

avev-

'

corr.

TpeiaKoVia{s}
corr.

corr.

'';
from

(.,

corr.)

"iy
from

76

corr.)

(
(1.

in duplicate for wages 1717. 7*5 177 cm. a.d. 258. Conclusion of a receipt lost the first halves of the lines. Col. ii Col. i has cf. 91 (187). of nursing (restored from Col. i) ^ [bev6s


-

(

corr.

) €[[| (.)

^'4[ ]. [ 4[
T]ijs

] ' ^, ^ ^
(^ ^

4{).

€]:[]

). ^? (5) {))
(cf.
1.

{){] {) /? ^^^^^?
{ehai
.}

corr.

Iypa\/^a

^^

€[]5. ^

(3rd h.)

'

1 7) is

probable in 1133. 13.

^ ttjs

€€Tts (is COrr.

^

from

^pobe€vo

?)?

e-vboKeiv

[\.

?

^

77[€,]
^^

{($) e

[] €] [(] ;;
0[€;[}
*
(?)

[] ^^ ][]

^
is

€6??;6? - ^^?

€-

)

^

^ [ €]
biaaov,

bot(ls

[]€ €
^^

.

Signatures

)
[—
rrjs

[€-

may have

followed.

1718.

26-4XIO-5 cm.
lines,

a.d. 292-304.
as

Parts of two columns of a series of

receipts for various official

payments, Col.
ii,

the ends of
lost at

while in Col.
^

having only a few letters from shown by 1. 14, about 28 letters are
i

the ends of lines.
Col.
ii
:

intelligible.

^?

One

receipt for 23 talents
(Up.)
.

560% denarii

{
is

fairly,
^

4 [] [ () [()/ . ) ,[ ) ^ ^ ^ [ . [. ^
(7/) —
i[h

".
.

RECEIPTS

7€[5 —
[

*

(

corr.

from

Kvpi[oL]s

[

— .) {hvpa) — (.)
^

^. ' (- ? € 4[] €(— .) ? (.) €
"
?,

,165

^

ets

^

(1.

"^

^

[

'^^

\

(=
^^

[^,
.
.

? (cf.

1260. 18),

^^

[(erovs)

.

.

(er.)

.

.

[^ $)
^^

a letter (1491).

^ ^
^*

^^

(.)
[

[? —
a. d.

{l•vpa)
^^

^^

[
(eV.)

^'^
^^
^^

/

[

(iep.)

?

^.
(cf.
^

(')

.

\{) [—

^"

{is

-[^)(

On

the verso

1719.

portion of rent for corn-land at Syron
o.
^

^

^2

^ []
^
^'^

? ^^] []€ ;- €
cm.
204.
*
^

6•6'%

Trepi

[][]
^^

^ ? /;{}^[5 ] '? b€o {} ^. [] ?, ^.) € (
COrr.) irepi
(first

Receipt,

similar

to 1646, for
is

the money-

h

^^

'$.
(first

[].
Corr.)

€{)

^^ €4 4 ^ ^'. ^^
1659. 38).

often written for

'

^

'

Tas

^

^^

^^

(1.

Corr.)

*^

tos

^'^

eTovs

bbeo

^^

[]7?
;

^[]

]]
of

^^

.

1720.
for

4-8xii-4cm. On vellum. Fourth the payment (probably in advance

^ ^ ^5) . 9 ^) ^
measure
in P.

lie jars of wine, which are in 1. 5 called is probably a mistake for
Cairo 10070

(=

P.

Oxy. xv. 1856

,
The

century.

Beginning of a receipt
int.)

cf 1639.

of the price

both a word occurring as a
;

and

().
new.

A. D. 577),
(1.

where 3,000
a) is

{)

(5)

of wine are paid.
^

village

(1.

(1.

8, ^{) ,

^

^ (?)

'•^()(

\

Miscellaneous Contracts.

between Platonis also called 1721. Fr. I 12-8x9 cm. A.D. 187. Contract called Heras concerning an inheritance Ophelia (cf. 1647. int.) and a woman adoption father of from Hermias, the maternal grandfather of Heras and by

.

.

i66

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
which was to be given to Platonis' two which begins like 1638 with sons. headed by eTret, is not reached, and Fr. 2, containing the lower a long clause Probably the contract was of the nature portion of the papyrus, is blank.
Platonis' deceased husband, part of

The main

of a settlement of claims, like 1638.
^Tpos Aioyevibos

'

([]
avbpos

avbpos
eirei '

\€.
^^

^
},
from
^^

^
TTJs

'

^^

im
?)

paebv
^^
^^

* , , -[] '? ?(
'Hpatbos
{-'id.) ^

^ ^^
eOeTo 6

provision of the document,

•; ^
4^

ivOabe
Irous

^^

ba,
^^

e</)'

or u

bUTa^ev,

- Kobo^' -^^ €(^~), ([
^*^

\ ^4
^ "

'? '^ '? €5 ^ ^?
s s
^ ^

^^

fj

?)

(

corr.

vbp^

lines.

On

[. .]^ .[...]...[..] with remains of 2 more the verso in a different hand are the ends of 6 lines.

....

[(]€

,

^^

^ €[]

[€

e

.

1722.

Late third or early fourth century. Fragment from the beginning of an agreement with a princeps of a praefect (cf. 1637. 10, n.), one

8-4x1 13 cm.

of the parties being from Eleutherapolis in Syria

Jerusalem).

lines is not clear,

() — (]) —
corr.
T[awT?js
"^

eavbpe (
]
.

1723.

6-4

tract written in the reign of Cleopatra III

mentioning the name of the priest ^ later Ptolemaic period.
^

[]€
^ '
[.

'

[—

^ ^[? ^ ? '? [ [ ; ? [^ [ '[ [ '^
(i. e.

Eleutherapolis near

The

precise extent of the lacunae at the beginnings
little is lost
^

and ends of

but probably very

[—
.

at the ends.

^

|

(ib.)

"

*

.

.

— ]'
iv
rfj

from

)

(.)

(-\.)

' ——4]€
^A€a]vbpo
®
1

[.

.

°

[

.

[

6-5

cm.

B.C.

11

4-1 08.

Fragment from the beginning of a conand Ptolemy Soter II, apparently of Alexander, a rare phenomenon in the

[•.•]. ?
.]cTa

.

€ ? ^—' []€'?
ev
*

?

[?7;
cv
^

?

—'

,—
?
^

[]abo.
?

'([
^
[

-

]pobo

[

\

ABSTRACTS OF CONTRACTS
(6)

167

Abstracts of Contracts.

1724.

cm. Early third century. Two columns, the first much damaged and both incomplete at the bottom, of a list of abstracts of contracts, similar to 1648-9 cf. 1648. int. The date is after the death ^ of Commodus (1. 6), probably in the reign of Severus. Col. i '' et? Tr\v 6'€[;]

8•35•2

^\1
(ce

-] ' ] ^\\, ^[ ^[] ^ \ '. )(] Kobo [€] / ^} ^[€] ] [\€€ ({$) [] ^ [] ] [ ] () , [ [ () [ - ^^[]{) ) {) (.)] [^] ] (.) , (.) , — (.) [9 € ][] ^^[
:

(eret)

[.]

4 more

\ ^ {) ^ ' ^ €()
(apovpas)

(apovpas

^^

^ 6 '. ] [
;

eir'

[1]^

7roA(ei)

rij

^

[trepl

^

[ex

[y]rjs

?)

^

(]<

[iv

([]

^^[]

eK

€{1

[,

^^

lines.
-^

Col.

ii

:

-\

'

^''

{) ^{€s)

(.)

.
^^

ri/s

'drepov

^"

^*

^ttbo {05)

{)
2^


() [4]
[}]
4

6(9)
(.)
^^

^^

. 6{) [€]b^v) {.) ^?'. []-

(.)

{) '(€ []84
,

[€ ^
;

.-^*[ ](([] bo{ev) €aboev remains of 2 more lines. [] AioyeVci with /1([]
e
.

[(]9[]() ^^[]

(
^^

€(')

^9

^
^^

h

?/

{) /*
'^^

().

^^
.[

[/3t]^• {[.) with parts of
iv toIs

(.)
(/^.)
ttjs

{.)
^^

(.)

(.)

(=

()

[{] () €(.)
{[.)
'''^

\()

^^

[

]

(=

b6v) {.)

[]

of the Hermopolite nome, but Chusis was in (1 7) was a district in the north the Oxyrhynchite nome cf. 1659. int. and 1637. 27, n. account (1727). 1725. 15x42-7 cm. After a.d. 229. On the verso of an

The middle

part of three columns of a similar list of abstracts of contracts 1648. covering the period from Antoninus Pius to Severus Alexander cf. [ij l] fi after remains of 2 lines, ^[. Col. i: int.

pas)

/ {) -) '
.
/i'b'

:{) 6(€).
^

.] [7;]; >(;) "
(in

.

{apov(€) If(^s) K({hei) €oKo{)bov
^

() (;05) (;5)

the margin

(
^

)

^'^() () {)
«£(
))

^([( ;

t68
KpovovT{os)
T7]s

the OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
{\)
k^rjs

k^

{bov)
^^
^^

^

.{)

),

fc»s

]7\(9
^^

7r(epi)

€\{) () ()
'•[]
te

b{o).

(eret)

^
(cf.

€]€ []' — {])

erepot? ^^ (apovpas)

[]{).
[
.

€€'
1649. 6)

(,
Trjs

corr.)
avrij'i

^^

.[...].[....](

which is still modus) and

and parts of 4 more lines. Col. iii, ) []($) less complete, mentions the 19th and 2'jth years (i. e. of Corn(eVei)

"
[y)
i<j•.

'^? ^'
]

4)
^*
[.

[€ ]
237.

(eVei)

Col.

:

after

remains of 2
viii.

(cf.

t

(^''"f ')

^eov

7[] -€5) ]\ [? & ( {)
(1.

[]
lines,
^"^

\ {[{€)

26, .).

^^

L•

{

^

2 ^^^j

^^

bLar|{v)

(-ei'pt).

^^/3 (eret)

'^

TiavvL

(.) .

Private Accounts.

1726. 12 X ii'5 cm. Early third century. On the verso of 1706 (a sale drawn list of contracts drawn up at the ayopafo^eioi; of Oxyrhynchus in 207). up on various days in Hathur, having at the end of each entry a sum and

A

after this generally (but not in

11.

5-7)

i]

with a stroke (omitted in

1.

1

1)

against

it.

The sums seem
dr.
in that of

too large to be charges for drawing up the

contract in question, being 84
(1.

drachmae

in the case of a loan of 2,000 dr.
(1.

7)

and 16

a loan of 300 dr.

10),

and what

7/

means

obscure: | is unlikely, and if it means 8 dr. (cf. the 16 dr. in 11. ^-6) as a charge for drawing up the contract, the sums preceding it (which are generally multiples of 8) are not accounted for. ^ []0• ^
is

'^)^'\^

^

{)
^l€paKLa>(vos)

(^)^06^ () £
(.)
(.)
^[«jy,

^

(.)
(.)

.

^

a village;

1637. 20, .)

{) :{[9) ,
cf.

()
(lep.)

1285. 103)

(.)

t<r

.

^{)[(?)]() )
;'.

()

() () [) &(9) () {$) €{€) (^
^

, []()
. .

7(/3^(5)

:-'.

^

<}

;€()
(or

'

^^

[()

^^

[....]

(a village in

the Hermopolite
lines.

nome

Traces of 2 more
clear
;

The meaning
s. v.

cf.

Preisigke, Fackworier,

{() {
is

^

(.)

-.
_j
_

^'^

{\))

-(()
)

[]()
(.)

(cf.

()

McXa^^j-^

(

;

cf.

P. Stud. Pal. x. 25

d.

11)

.

of

in this

context

is

not

1727.

Late second or early third century. Fragment containing the middle parts of 4 columns of a list of receipts (?) from various
Fr.
i

18-2x34 cm.

persons for drugs, pitch, sauce, purple, papyrus, cedar
&c.,

oil,

boxes, a pole,

apparently a shopkeeper's account.

The

writing

is

of a very cursive

PRIVATE ACCOUNTS
character.

^[].6?
.

(

)

(bp.)
. .

' (.),
[•

[), (.),
ii
:

Col.

^

Oyapiavo\y\
*

;? []-;
.

.,

^

'A\[€^a]vbpov
*.]
.

? ^
)

169
.

6(

)

(bp.)
'^

(/.),
[.]
.

() , ;/>?
'^

.

(

(/3.),
Col.

[

].
) [.'.,

«

.[
^^
[

^j;{rov?)
]

^^

^^

parts of 5
[. .,

^^

^ ^/
more
^^

.]

yapou

.,

()
[.] .,

{)
1"

^[
[.
.

]

.

reX(
:

[..._..

.

iii

after parts of 2 lines,
^^

[....].[.

.]

(.),

(.)

, ^^
^^

(.)

(.),
(.)
^^

^^

'lepaxos
(/3.),

(.),^^

5 more may be

'. 9
lines.
77,

' {)
(.)
lines.

Col. iv: after remains of a lines,

[. .,
.,

;(})
[.
.

^^
),

In

but

7(

(
is

', '{ 6()
Kcbpias
[.
.,

^^'

[] ^
.

f

( (^•)' (.), with
)

Kebpiai
.,

[.

,

)

which occurs in 11. 2, unsuitable. For \\<{
1.

with remains of [. 5, and 18 the doubtful t ?) in 1. 8 cf. Hesychius
is

in

19

is

obscure.

On

the verso

1725, written

after a. d. 229.

1728.
.

On the recto is the upper part of Third century. 13-2 XI 1-8 cm. an account of receipts and expenditure. On the verso is part of a similar account in the same hand. ^?7[(?)•]
[(.)] [(.)] 7€,

(
^2

^

\//, *

iv

49
^

'^

[(.)]

,

^

(=
''

(.)
?)

corr.

(.)
^^

\oy[o]s
^^

'^,
20
.

in Cronert's

1729.

1. 10 seems to be a proper name. Fourth century. The recto contains an account of various disbursements, which are sometimes entered merely as expenses btba sometimes more precisely described. ^

{.)

TT&Te

^) '( . {) '? {, « {, {, (, ^ () ^ { { {,^ (,{ ' €.
baiTa{v^)

9
in

€[]9 (.)
(.)
^^ ?)

,

( corn

baTTavi]s

from ), (.) , ^"

(.)
[](7/?)

^,

)\.,^ ) '
[();
(.) ,
^^

^()(=
Verso

{.) (.)

^

^^

0\


,

.

«[-]

(.)

,

^^

(.)

pry,

[

] (.

{,) (.)
.

[.]y

|

-.
For

(.)
. .

*^

19

^^

7/[5
in
1.

.

.] (. ?)

,

.

2 cf.

the citation
inutatoria.

Passow from the Corpus GL Lai.
)

(sc.

or

13-3

X

10-2 cm.

'

',

€V

{)
^
^

^

{ba
^

TTevTaKoa[ia{^]

bcKairevTe

^

{.)

(5)
"^

*

(),
{.)

(.)

€{9)
^^

(1.

P.

Gen. 80.

4,

and 921. 11

.
{.)

(.)

{)

€.)

€{9)

{^),

{.)

biaKoaia{s)

({
{=

),

"

dtarii)

{.)

Uarbv For

(),
7

^^

1.

<^.
(11.

(1.

{.) -?)

('

6 and

napkin ) cf 13) seems

170

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
to be new, and the

meaning

is

uncertain

(?

=

a fine fabric
is

;

cf.

1.

1730.

{) (.)
is

,
;

another short account in 10 lines, which have been crossed out, and a second column of figures, the upper part of which has been similarly crossed through.
)

€(

7

in

1.

9

is

also obscure.

On

the verso

)
(1.

;

14-8x12 cm.
ovtms'
^

Fourth century.

too far-fetched, even

which appears not to have occurred previously, (e. g. 133. 12), and (P. Brit. Mus. 1678. 7, n.). 6-6 cm. 1731. Third century. On the verso of 1538. account of receipts and expenditure for two days cf. 1655. ^

'[]{),
8•6
h
(iV)
2

(.)
^

ky€V€T{o)

^^

^•"

. '{ ()() {) 4(){) {) () { () () , () {) () () €{ {)
if

from ) {vpLbas ?) , ^ //)(?) < (corr. from ?), (.) ('mincemeat') difficult to suppose that this is a misspelling of

( corr.

^

A short account of expenses.
^

^Aoyos

{{.)] ,

ev, *

7[]®

,

.)

"^

{.)

.
would be

that

word were

likely in the present context.

With

cf.

A

baker's

;

?)

e

^

,

^

(.?)

^

(.) /3, / (.)
e.

^

{5)

/3,

"^

(-{)
(.)

?)

(bav) ,
(/) , (.) ,

{

^"
(djSoA.),

6(5)
(.)
.

(Is

{);{)
/(?)
[. .,

(.) , * MiVL(f)(€L ?) (.) . ^^ ^* (.) , (.) (.), (.)
)

(),
^"^

(5(?) (.),
yeir(at?
?)

^° VTT(ep)

(),
in
11.

}()
2

23 y(i;yoj,^„^)

(.)

^,

'^^

{) () ^ 2;7)(;) ()^()
^^

f,

/3(.) (.?) (.) /3 6/3()

( () ^^
^^
.

, €(?)
^'^

(.)
,

(^.),
(.) f
.,
'^^

€{)

(.),
"

^^ Trapep-

^^

fpioV

«f. if.
.

ay^'

For
.
.

and 5

cf.

unlikely, for there
1. 8 is perhaps an unknown form

'{)() . {() (€/€?) €€() '(')
sc.

e. g.

P. Ryl. 200.

1-5

(47]€)
;

() .,
in

!(
217.

() €'(?)
?)

hpayjiai:

but that

should be read

is

is

no indication of abbreviation before the
or
cf.

{
1.

)

in
is

1655.

19

;

probably

was meant.

1732.

X 77 cm. Late second century. On the recto of 1441 (a. d. 197Fragment, incomplete on all four sides, of an account of payments to 200). workmen in (apparently) a vineyard: cf. 1733, P. Fay. 102, Brit. Mus. 131
10-2
(i.

recto

p. 166).

At

the beginnings of lines probably nothing more than
is
.

the day of the
"*

y\o(vv)

]— —(

€()

[(
ds
^
]

month

lost.
.

?

'(€) — — ()
''

[.jjuept

.

[

— ^\() /[? — — — —]
^

^

(figure)

]

(
.

*

(figure)
[

kpyarai e aipo(vT€s)
(kt(os)

]
^

[

kv

(is

[

^

(€) — —]€ (}s,
^
]

— —

[

an Aphrodito-

]

PRIVATE ACCOUNTS
polite village
;

cf.

1746.
inep

[_
.

11

]

{1)

:[—
8)[.]
.

\6{)[—'''—]
^^—{>:€]

^{)
,
'

; {)
i?'
h^:^{ovpylL•)

[

,

with traces of
2-9

more

line.

1733.

expenX 7-5 cm. Late third century. Conclusion of an account of an estate cf. diture on workmen, barley, sacks, &c., in connexion with
1
2

1732.

^^()

{\.-, and so in
6

-; {) ()] Uh
^[{)
(cf.
11.

?

ttjs

1130. 12, 1430.

10-11) (.)
els

,

(.) ,
(.)
pf,

^

{.)
bairav^

«
*3

Kpt^^s
e7r(t

(.)
1

TO

1734.

Late second or third century. Two fragments, horses each containing parts of two columns, of an account of provender for ^ <^ ^^^ ] [ and cattle. Fr. i. Col. i ^
Fr.

) 6•
''

? t^s
'Et£<j-.

(.)

,

(.)

,

(.)

^
a

{bpav) 14, .) (.) , ^
(bp.)

{) ^^^
ipyarai
^^

;

(.)

,

eh bairaps ds Uriva»

,

,

«

^^ ei[s]

;^? (.) , () (;)
* i;7r(ep)
(.)

TOis ipyarais

y(iV.)

(.) |,

?
3,

.

^^ y(tV.)

(.)

17 cm.

:

ea[e]LOvaL

Aoyos

,

8
.

[

KietTat)

'Ios

^ ] {<) ^() { ] [] ] ^ {)
^

ba(a) [
ev

,

^

em

{) {£)

[}
146.

,

e-n\

9.
{--

({) ,

"

ev

bebr|{aL),

(cf.

. Hibeh 50. 8, .)
^^[6vos}

\ {),
*

over an expunction)

<r,

, ^"[
^^

'.
le

^^

7(7,;)

im

.

?

^:ebav. ^^ eh op^{epov)
[

]

? ^]^ vvoiea)
^^
.

-

There are short blank spaces above 1. column is complete is not certain. Col.
and

Col. ii of Fr. i, mentions ei's blank. 1735. 9-9 X 13-5 cm. Fourth century. On the verso, the recto being ^'Pes le (cTovy) ^ ivbiK{Tiovos). Beginning of an account of a vintage.

^ {) "
(cf.

].
i

eh compound. is apparently a new i and below 1. 15, but that the of Fr. 2, which perhaps is part of
. .

-

1747. S3)
V7r(ep)
^

{ep.)

.

b{^o){ipaov)

()
epib{os)

^?

under the press, but the meaning


(cf.

1751. 3)

«•

"'
[.

&€ ^( {€.) €() {€)
Kepa/xtou

eov{a)

"^

{epa)

, / {ep.)

'

,

^

)
,
^

(previously

unknown) epb{o)

{ep.)

.]

.

{—.
in
1.

is

ordinarily the receptacle

5

is

uncertain.

1736.

18-5x19 cm.

Third century.

On

the verso of 1578.

An

account

of various quantities, received

or delivered during the
'

months Choiak'

unit Mecheir, of some commodity characterized as old or new '. The by a rectangular sign surmounted of measurement is abbreviated to which is generally similar to that often standing for a, but once or twice
'

172
approximates

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
towards an
e
;

and the unit

is

subdivided into fractions

corresponding to those of the artaba. If, as we have supposed, the abbreviation represents the commodity was perhaps oil, with which
that

the

(preMex(eip) € . , * 7(.) . .', ^ .]] '^] . 6,^(.) lyy viously unknown) . , ., 6()) . ({) . ', ^0 7(.) . ^^ Mex(eip) . ah\ ^^ Mex(etp) . /., i3Mex(ei/)) Col. . ', ^^ M€x{elp) . . 1[1 ^* (.) . ^^ a\{\os) . ab\^^ ', ^° (.) . elb', yh', ^'^7(.) . , . (.) ^^() . )', '^^/ . ''', ^^ '{.) . Lai.

^7({;) .

.
?)

(),
^

measure

is

often

associated,

rather than wine
Col.
i
:

;

occur in P. Rev.
^

Laws.

^

[['A^i/p

€( ()

similar fractions of
?)

,

3

,

,

,

,

:

^^

1737.

15-6

8• cm.

Second or

third century.

Written across the

fibres.

account of work on different days from Mesore 3 to Thoth 6, with amounts in drachmae (sometimes inserted in the margin) and occasional
e,

A weaver's

entries concerning rent of his loom.

^

{.), "

2^

() (

€() ()
<

8( (),
e,

^

e

6((.)

e,

*

{.)
^

?),''

TTa(vT.)

{.)
^
,

e,

^

((.) over an expunction)
('

2^ K<7 e, 28

^
(marg.
35

)

,
g^

(.),
^^
<^

'()
e, ^^
^"^

12 te e, ^^

(.)

6/3()

/3)

^
31

(.),
e,

(\.)
^^ icy e, ^^
^^
^^

( (]
Col.
e,
i
:

^

{.)
-

^

^
b)
f, e,

y y€pb{iaKa
(ttL)

b

:{?)

yepb(L.), ^

(margin

() )
?),

(y,
e,

?)

^° ly

(margin (.)
«j"

continuation
^^
30

')

^^ e,

{.) {.), {) {) (.) :
?)

« (.),
from
38

aL•, ^^
^^

&k(\ot)

e, ^^

^^

(.)
ii
:

to,

Col.

kc

(corr.

or vice versa),

x^

f ^ 29
36 g

^^

32

^^ayo{vv)
b iraivT.)

a e,^^

^*

yz. (corr.

from

),
^^

Q^Q ^

7(.}

*2

(;)

{.), (). *
^^

^{.)

{.),
/ (.)
yepb{

^''

y

7r(i(yr.)

(.), (.), " (.)
The
1.

/.
)

resolution

7(;.) ;3(.) of some

, ({)
ii.

{.),
of these

abbreviations
yepb{ioL),
3,

is
1.

doubtful.

in

i

Wilcken, Ost,
15)

(cf.

{) {) {)
and
6 might then well be
i. 1

7ra(z;res)

73, n.), with

in

1.

6() On
:ii.

would naturally be expanded
(cf.

P. Grenf.

79.
1.

i.

the other hand in
),

or

are coupled with

of fractions
yepo(iaKa),

suits

things,

not persons.

and 6{ Hence '{),

agreeing with a word like

preferable.
writer's

7()
)

understood, and

is

unsatisfactory because

7()

(), {)

9 the occurrence

and
are

5(). (
(248 dr.) in
1.

) might also be be connected with bCkaaov or a kind of garment occurring in B. G. U. 814. 25, 816. 17, 2a. The money entries add up to 240 dr. 62 ob., approximately corresponding to the total

usage in regard to the position of numbers.
in
1.

15

may

(

is

contrary to the

,

43.

1738.

Third century. An account of timber, classified as logs and branches, on 6 boats. The papyrus is damaged at the top, but 1. I may have been the first of the document, and if so might well be restored but the preceding word was not Xoyos

217 X

(^'

)
•]
*

PRIVATE ACCOUNTS

173

9-3 cm.

\hv

^

[• •] • [•

^']
"^

.

[

;

^ds

.
.
^^
[•

[]

^^

€{•)
•]
.

^, ({)
^

.

bivrcpov
^

^'] ()
^

[]( [

^

t

^

7{] \
/ or

^^
^*^

^^

?
/.,

.[

^^

^"^

bo .
;

.

€{}

.

The

figures, besides

having a dash above them, are preceded and followed by the sign which apparently has no special significance.

1739.

2^•^ X 6-2 cm.
list

On

the verso of 1518.

A short
^

of colours with weights, and then of values
(cf.

ostracon in SB. 2251.

(from

P. Tebt. 421. 8)

?)
from
^

Tvpos)

. .,

,^ ^
.
or

'^
'^

Second or early third century. cf an Oxyrhynchus

SB. 2251, P. Tebt. 405.
?)

= niarinum
(after

. .,
^

.,
^

^

.,

. .,

(perhaps a variant of

(.) ,
is

€{)

a short space)

(.)

, (). ()
10)
^

,
i.

(cf. e.

(-

1449. 13, rather than
g.
e.

:

=

-,
7.

In

11.

-3
in

and

6

written above the line owing to want of space, as
is

is

(.)

-

1.

In the upper margin there
part of a line
][[

a group of curved and straight strokes, and

Jjo^ero? in a different

hand. Below

1.

9

two small ovals

have been drawn. 15-3 X 14•! cm. 1740.
account of various

Late third or fourth century. Conclusion of an being weaving implements. In each item there are two amounts of drachmae in juxtaposition, the second being nearly double the first perhaps the lower figures represent part payments.
articles, several
^

€(
1.

(1.

^KTCveia

(.)
(.)

)
[.
?
^

[()
;

.

.

(.)

.

.,

[.]
.
.

. Tebt. 413•
(.) (.)
cf.
'^^
[.
.

^)

(.) (.)

', ^^ ) (.)

{\. (?)
to

,

{(.)} In the right-hand margin opposite .].

)
.

.,

*[

].. [(.)

(.)

.

.,

^

(bp.) , (.) ', ^{0) e (corn) (.) (meaning ?) (.) (.) ', ^ (.) pulleys (1. apba (.) (.) , ^^ (unknown) € (.) (.) ^[,


(.)

'

.

'.

(.)
1142.

.

.,

(cf.
"^

7,
e

^^^

^

'

'

?

',

;

1.

10 are the letters

vk[,

which apparently belong

a second column.

;

174

T^tlE

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
(8)

Lists.

1741.

Early fourth century. and a list of clothes, classified as Col. P. Tebt. 405, Gen. 80,. C. P. R. p. 125.
22-5

X 17*3 cm.

Two
;

incomplete columns of
cf.

,
1026. 11)
^°[.
.

^

[•

.

.]6
.

.]
^^

,

®[.

.]

,

^[] ^ , €[] {) , [] , .] .] ,
i
:

109, 921, 1026, 1051,

'^\\\
^

,

^

[be\aL[a]
.

'

^^

[.

.

kaeivov

^^

[.

perhaps an adjective of place cf. 1206. 19 same word was probably meant) a, ^^ [. .]€ippo[i
;
.

^^

/^ [6 . [] {)) {.: , [] 7:[ [][] [ [?] 7[. [] € [:€][][ []{) €[] [] [?
?]

.

( ,
[...].

€' (.) ^[
(cf.

,

^

[}^ ,
^^

)

(unknown,

where the
a,

Col.

ii

:

6['
^"^

a,

^^

K€v&[v
[.

.

? ]
cf.
(1.

1051.
in

17

and so

11.

18,
^^

25, 27)

.]€[.

.

'

',^^
[?

[.,

.,

^^

^*

[.,

^"^

.,

[
P.

{= pltimatum)
12
Kevbv

Grenf.
^^
.,

ii.

III.

.

.

[,^^[]
76[-

,

^^

Xivovbia kv

.,

^^

,

^^

[.,

.

.

.,

^^

^'^

.,

.

In
is

perhaps be read on the analogy of 1. 6, but 1742. 23-8xi3'8 cm. Fourth century.

by one Isidorus, as is stated document is termed an
is ^
(cf.

a large cursive.

On
as

1288. 16) the verso

from

.[5 {) {. {.) €() €{ {) , ^) €[] € ,
(cf.

^

-,

^

7TaTTvp{iva)

^"

which occurs

( .
in

1. 19 not very satisfactory.

might

A

list

of various articles ordered

the endorsement on the verso, where the
1142.
i,

n.,

1677.
e, ^

?....].(
'

)

)

e,

^

KepKibia
^

,

,

*

^
5).
(

The
)]

writing
e,

,

^

.

In

1.

9

is

perhaps derived

in

Epicharmus and
fairly clear.

is

explained by Hesychius

€.

The

reading

is

(9)

Taxation and Official Accounts.
a. D. 221-2.

1743.

6• X

10

cm.

a survey-list concerning State land, the items being apparently arranged

according to
given
1.

Here the general terms of the
(11.

,
;

Fragment from the bottom

of a column of

as

is

indicated

by the new

section beginning in

1.

5.

lease, covering a period of 6 years, are first
in a

6-9

cf

11.

1-2)

;

then

3) giving

(i)

revision

(^^)

the total of the plot

()

second hand comes a note
in

(1.

10

;

cf.

arourae on the authority of a

of leases of State lands, (2) the

name
;

of the lessee

hand) comes the rent of the current year, which was the 5th of Elagabalus and ist of Severus Alexander (1. 11 cf. 1. 4). P. Stud.
lastly (in the first

TAXATION AND OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS
Pal. xvii.

175

is approximately contemporary and somewhat unwatered land cf. also 1744 and P. Hamb. 12. The lines are incomplete at the ends, but not very much is lost. new kind of artaba ?) for vegetables is found in 1. i, and the

10 sqq. (Mendes)

similar, but concerns

phrase found in

(

;

€(
(cf.
11.

A

5e/ca

1640. 4-5, .) recurs in 1. 8. The imperfectly preserved 2 and 9 is novel and the explanation of it uncertain we
;

suppose
ing to

it

to

mean

that the rent was

'

paid from hand to hand annually
',

within the year at one of the storehouses

(9) ( ?() () () ^ (^
xeipos (e.g. 1636. 39).
7r(ai;?) iv

(^•)

''

^

(.)

'•(€)
name ?) ^^ 1744. 13*3

Fragment from the middle of a column ^^• ^• ^• '^Sy-S ? of a survey-list concerning palm and garden-land belonging to the State, the rents being paid in loaves (which are measured in unusual fashion by the
^°'^

[^
e (erov?)

— —^ [(.)
ctos
,

' [
;

• ()
^

eros

\() [''
?
]

On

the verso

8 vc[pos
(.)
.)
"^

4 6( »() [€(€)
is

ava

^

apparently corresponda letter (1763).
?) ? ^

to

'

eva

(er.)

[—
?

(father's
.

name ?)
(h.)

*

^

(after

a space)

() ^ '() (|,) * () () 8 £[ ^
(in
,

the margin
(h.)

-

(ct.)

-

(cTet) e (h.)

Itos

(eTet)

"•"

(=

?

^

€tos

'4

)
[—

[]

?

(father's

(hovs)

('.)

Trjs

(.)

artaba,
cf.

1454.

30 loaves being the customary equivalent of an artaba of corn 6, n.), young pigs (unusual in this context), olives, dates of two
;

both cases the adjectives are abbreviated and obscure), and money. Deficiencies in the payments of the full rents are noted. The papyrus was probably written in the 4th year of Diocletian and 3rd of Maximian (11. 3, 9, 11), and the references backwards to the ist year of Carus (11. 9 and 11) seem to indicate a quinquennial revision of rents of State lands cf. 1279. 6, n. and 1743. The lines are incomplete at both the beginnings and ends, and how much is lost is uncertain. New sections begin in 11. 3, 8, and 10. The land in question seems to have been out of cultivation, like that in P. Stud. Pal. xvii. io sqq. For (1. 3) but here apparently on as a tax (generally on cf.
kinds
(11.

3 and 8

in

;

the verso are the beginnings of 9 lines from another list of with two strokes against them occura similar character, dcpas and
1436. II,
n.

On

,
]
.,

)
^
/_.
)

ring at the beginnings of sections.

,
a space)

[.].[

— {) {) — {) , {) (.) ^{) ^ ()] [\
^
]
,

^

{
^

,

(after

(.)

.

l{

)

(or

.

(

)

.

——

.

176

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

1745.

(.) (.) () [(.) — — — () (.) €[\ (.) , 6€{.) , €() {) () {) (.)\(?) () ,—— — — () , €[ (.) — — — {= €[] (.) ^' — €}]€( €9 (4) (9 (.) [ — — 3°•3
'70^[^?
*
]

7€{) b4(a.)
,
(erei)

— —

....

(()
1
. .

..[.].(

)

(b\

,

(
^

'

.,

?
;

[

^

]

....[..]
^

[.]....[.]
]

/3

iv

ews

(eTovs)

more probably than
[(erei)

(4.)

)
Col.
^
[

"^

]

.[..]....
].

..[...]
(erei)

...

[

...

(.)

.

[,]

.

[

]

(Irei)
[

itpoTipov
)

'Aju[otr]os

(v

^^

^^

^

/

[

cm.

Early third century.

Parts

of two columns of a
of their

list

of land-holders at various

7()
i,

with the amounts

holdings

wheat and barley, and repayments of seedwhich has a few letters from the ends of lines and some interlinear additions in a second hand, mentions ]( ) 'A7rr}\( being excluded by the ) and ), names of the other which are all new and may be outside the Oxyrhynchite nome. On the verso is a letter (1668). Col. ii ^ ((probably
cf.
yrj),

rents in

corn

1525-1531.

^ () — — (.)
*

() ) €^ €[05 () — ^ ^[? — () () —
(.) (.)
[

(

()
.

^^

'
[

^^

— (.) (.) (.) — 07() fey — {) — ^ (.) , / — — [() (.) , /(.) \() Me[ho} — :() (.) — [() — 07()( )(.) ,( ).[— (.) (.) (.) (.) ' — €[€][5 07() — (.) , 7() (.) — (.) (.) -, () (.) —
yh',

^^

( ' '[ ' [9[]5[€9 () '[ [ (
[—
:
.

(),

7()
.

()
^

() —
.

^

(-) '() —
[

,

(.) ,
'
.

(.) (.)
^^

(.)
.

.

[

^

(-^'.)
,

(.)

^

[

/ (.) —
f[
^^
.

^*
.

.

() — '\]\\
,^^

07() (.) ly 07() — ^^ [\()
[ ,

() —
?)

[

^ ('""^'•)

,

^^ KpiOrjs
,

(.) (.)
(

' —
[
[

^^
.

[.

)]

(.)

^^

'^

,

^^

,

)

(1.

?)

,

"^^

,

Ly[

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.

,

.

^^

vay'

( (?)
-'^
[ .

,

^^ tOtt(ov)

)

^^

[

( (€)
C/ir.

)

l[

1746.

cm. Fourth century. list of advances of seed-corn to various villages in the Aphroditopolite nome, concerning the geography
of which very
little
is

2-323-9

A

by

int.,

portion of the papyrus

merely the

^.

^

inhabitants of the metropolis.

known, and to cultivators of For in
vicorum
missing, but

derelict land
1.

owned
381.

ii

cf.

de Zulueta,

De patrociniis
is
^

total.

(.) .

'^. €()^]€ [ ,
may well have been
^

W.

72, Oertel, Lihirgie loi.

The lower

blank or contained
^

hi'

'''

*

[(.)] .

^^

(.) . (.) .

^
1747.
27
is

TAXATION AND OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS
.

^^

[€[].
[{.)]
^^

^^'

(.) .
(.)
[,]ve.

^^


of

177

"^S'S

cm.

Late third or early fourth century.

recto being blank.

A

list

On the verso, the of persons arranged according to (a) villages in
nome
58-73).
(11.

the toparchies of the Oxyrhynchite
possessores or large land-owners
lines at the beginning,
(11.

14-57},

{^)

^€,

I

e.

Owing

to

the loss

some

which are likely to have included a heading as well

as the details concerning the

obscure

;

Upper toparchy, the precise object of the list but evidently the persons mentioned were required by the
for

kind, e.g. as recruits for the army or Generally one individual was assigned to a village or land-owner, but to the larger villages and estates two. The toparchies follow the regular order cf. 1659. int. Of the villages which occur cf. 1735. 1) can now be recognized in 1285. (1. ^, 135, where

government

work of some

labourers on public works.

;

;

1.

[]//,
4o)
cf.

not

/3,

as suggested in connexion with 1529. 7

(1.

1659. 70, n.

6;7;
(in

:

for
is

(1.

^^)

is

clearly written,

in 1529.

10

in preference to MouxtyyaArj.
left for filling in

€('?)
is

and

to be read

^^"
*

many

instances the spaces

(1. 6o) is new. In the names of persons are blank

where the personal names are given, there
against the village-names

usually a stroke in the margin

the

list

of yeouxoiyres no strokes are employed).
after

1^

26' 30

9 ?. ^^ ^
The
figures in
lost, i*At/3o]s

most cases have a dot
a'

[7(?)• ^^\\^$
{

UaaiTLos.


42

45
*9

",
S5

(.).

( (
>.

100)
).

€. {• ^*; . ^ . €€ ^ {)• [] ^. [] €) {) '

Atob(dpov. ^^

",.

'^^^ Col ^'^' '
'
^-''

).

:

^^

^^

' ^^

.. ^^{)• ^^ ( .
them.
(cf.

Col. i: after 13 lines

1285. 71)
^^

"

[.

.

.]s

"

Xeous

[]€5.
^^

<\!^^,
'
^9

^^

'

^^

-

{

).

'

^"^?
.)

^'^

(cf 1659. ^5^
**

28

^^

MeVrjs

'

^'^

(-.) '
^^

^^

nav{aei)ptos

(

corr.

from
(

«).

'

',

KoTTpews.

''^

UavrJTos.

Col.

iii

^'^

:

'

(^)'
'
(
).

'

^^

).

'

'

(.)
:

{

).

^2

^3

*

^^

'

^^

^'^^[
*
^^

(

).

(sc.

cf.

1659.

,.]]

S8yeoo>I;)•
''^

^1

{-)
).

(

^^

", 7{
tto{ ).
«^

).

€4() 7/3().

' (
'
(
^'^
"^^

^^

^^

6(;?),
^^

>.

^^

'

(

(€€ (0? '
(
'"^

(.)
?)

).

Ebaovos

abo '
^^

).

?)

*(

>.

'2

{)

€([] '

*

'?
(
>.

lyS

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Third century. An account of payments to 15*1 X 15 cm. for In the case of the transport from villages situated in different toparchies.
(11.

1748.

asses from Pakerke

1-6) a deduction from the whole

sum due
for

(2 dr.

4 obols per ass) of produce

is

made on account
in
'

of a previous
flax
;

{^{)

payment
cf.

bundles
21. 5, n.,

1.

4 suggests hay or

P.

Hamb.

Ryl. 236. 11) transported

from the river to the threshing-floor', while the

main account apparently refers to transport in the opposite direction. In was the case of the asses from Syron (11. 10-12) the sum due to the Whether the account is official deducted from a debt of a y€(apyos for rent.
or refers to a large private estate
is

not clear.
the verso
^

The lower
is

part of the

papyrus

is lost,

that the account

{5>)
ovoL
a)S

{)
VTrep

]
but
1.

12 ends a section and there

a blank space below, so a letter (1669).
^

may

be complete.
&)s

{)
^

^

€^()

'2

'?

{) [ ()
(.) ,

{ it

) () {)
avba{v)
(.) ,

a (bpayjicuv)

(€ , ^
?)

On

is

(interlinear)
(bp.)

hXoaL.

v^e

[), ^
^

Aoyos

*

e^

^

(^),
(.)
6
^^
^

a\(\as)

\[\

.
ets

ovol

,

() () , 69
(bp.)

€€\{() ?
{bv.).
"^

{)

(^=)
(/3.).

/ (.) ,

ave,

[

6

The

arithmetic shows that seven, not six, obols

]
'

(.) b

irapebi^e-i]

, {)
i.

[e]b().

1749.

were reckoned to a drachma. i6'5X9-6cm. Fourth century. An account for transporting from Chaereu (near Alexandria) to Niciu (cf. 1380. 7-8, n.), Heracleopolis,

and Cynopolis.
379)•
^

soldiers or others responsible for guarding freights

Aoyo(s)
(1.

€(.
{- .)
^

are perhaps equivalent to the earlier
(cf.

^)
^

'\5

Xaipeou)

:(€)

' () €€€ ^^ ^ () (€Wilcken, Grundz.
^

€ (,
^

e.

be

els 'HpaKAeoi)(s)

(.) receipt issued by an official for 1750. 15*6 8•2 cm. Nov. 30, . D. 306. in 1. 8 indicates a credit the payment of an unspecified amount payment of corn cf. e. g. 1539-40) for a share in providing an ass and pafibodxos (cf. 1626. 9, n.) required by the government for transport to Memphis. For the date in 1. 16 (the 15th year refers to Galerius Augustus, the 3rd to Severus Aug. and Maximinus Caesar, the ist to Constantine Caesar) cf. 1542, which was written on Pauni 2 (May 27) of A. D. 307 and mentions Taposiris also called Amazonion (cf. 1750. 10) 102. 21, written on

.

7^5 a{vTTJs) Xaipeou eis

()

(.)

(.) '.
(.)

'.

{$)

^

( (
{-'.)
s

'.

*

[($)

^

([l]s

()

€4

(.)

(6€

;

;

TAXATION AND OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS
Phaophi 16 (Oct. 13) 306, i. e. 48 days earlier than 1750, Constantius Augustus, though he died on July 25, 306. ^
from
is still

179
dated by

[6](;

^^

';5
(.)

? ^ -{(). . ^ 49 ^ ,
a)

77[]?
^ ^

(1.

^) ^^/?
^

'^

[[\
from
^^

-

(
"'

corr.
^ peiv.

V7r(ep)

[6][{5)]
^^

^

U7r(ep)

^

(e

COrr.

ttjs

€%

) {^)

6[]9
paho\(.)

^*

Tijv

^^ irokeiv

^^ (iTOVs) le (ir.)

.

^^

(7)9
()

Orders for Payment.

1751. 9 ^ 25-8 cm. a. d. 347. Written along the fibres on the verso of part of an early fourth century taxing-account of land, mentioning

An

order to a

which are in this context more probably spattilae of some (3 ?) (instruments for mixing) than measures of wine (as e. g. in 1771. 4). The
neuter form
occurs in
i.

,
woman

to

pay a double

jar of wine to a physician as the price

,.
all

1.

3,

and

is

probably implied by

instances which Wilcken, Osi.
is

759-60, refers to

by the
;

era of Constantine I and the regnal years of Constantius and
cf.

-.
^ ^

those
(1.

The date

Constans
eV.

1632.

9, n.

1752. 4'8 277 cm. ment of wine
to

service of a private land-owner (the
State.

,
(.)
The
Kvib(L.)

€{(()

7[ {
^

?

.

.

{6 whom
in
;

. D.

)
37^•
1.

.]fj[.

€{) [^.] ][]')
.] (possibly
ev

corr.)

7(.)
to

.

^
.
the

4)

*

(?)
An

Me^eip

Written across the

fibres.

order for pay-

two sawyers
is

for repairs to a boat.

The

the document

addressed, was probably in
1.

Clemens of

i)

rather than of the

dating
cf.
^

4

Valentinian II

and 1632.

{'1)
/(.)
*

().
(h.)

g, n.

() (€)
^

1041. 16, written 3 years later, after the death of Valens, AiVKabiov
cts

^

(••.)

.

(2nd
(eV.)

(^)

(It.)

1753.
in

8-9x19 cm.

, D.

^ ^ ;
is

by the regnal years

of Valens, Gratian,

' \' hnov
ev,
€v.

and

(.)
Kvibtov

h.)

5{)

Kvihiov

(ist h.)

39°•

^

.

^^e verso of two incomplete documents

shorthand, of 9 and 5 lines respectively.

An

order to a

money-payments (partly in solidi, partly in denarii) to a as the price of oil, pitch, honey and a commodity sold by the
various
,

-^
to

make

(probably
to

The ends of lines are missing, but not much seems The dating is by the eras of Constantius and Julian cf,
meat).
;

be

lost.
9,
n.

1632.

2

i8o
^

(£) {.) \ {€) — —
pe,
«

^ () \{). (5) , ( ^ 49 € () [() (.) {pbas) , [ $ () (.) (pbas)
LOS
^

(.)

iirep

^^) ,
(kiov
(1.

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
oybo[tiKovTa

}
^

(.)

(i'y.)

(ef

over an expunction)
*

eV,

virep

? ^

(.) {.)

.[

'

(ist h.) (hovs)

- Ae

.

(and

h.)

€[-

C-

1754.

6'6 8-4 cm. Late fourth or fifth century. A short a payment of lo centenaria (cf 1430. 14, n.) of pitch to a

()

to an agent

a rich land-owner.

The bottom

{
^

letter ordering

potter attached

of the heirs of Protidius,

who was probably
is

1755.
'

int.

Apion's
or

. ^ ?^
obliterated
list
'''

^.
^

nothing or no more than a date
beKa

of names in a different hand.

"'

^^

[()

^?
is

of the

document

is

missing, but perhaps

lost.

On
^

the verso

a somewhat

^^
[^
^ ?

^^[

^

bta^'^

]

()

Private Correspondence.

4*8x5*^ cm.

Second or early third century.

at the table of the lord Sarapis

-

',

similar to 110, 523,
^

^ ^

^

u>pas

.
;

It is not clear

own

house, in which case eni
itself

may be

supplied before

was a part of the temple
cf.

cf.

h

( ,
An
invitation to dinner

and 1484
els

;

cf.

1484-7.

*

whether the
in 110. 3.

oIkos

was

For

now
1756.

Gnomon
X

des Idios Logos 88.
First century.

31-8

9-4 cm.

father Dionysius, saying that he

was sending
^

promising a present of olives.
^

()
^

bia
^

-"
*

^^

Oxyrhynchite instances of poll-tax at the rate of 16
1438. 18
;

. (.
a8-9
8-8

"^

akXas

(.) .
^^

^"

eav

Verso
int.

. .^ ?.-, ,^
A
short letter

from Sarapion to
^

his

his (Sarapion's) poll-tax,

and

() .

^

kav

^

^^

Other

drachmae are

313, 389,

cf 1436.

1757.

Letter from Horeis to cm. Second century (after Hadrian). his brother Horion, complaining that the latter had not written, and ^ announcing the dispatch of various articles, &c. ^

.

^
^

[];
obeav

-

*
^

^'.

'25

^,

-^as.

[]

^

TTavT\o\T€

- ,
^

^

-

€ ^^
Ci

h\k Ti^ap^^ovhevei^ ^

rei

^^

iav

(e

corn),

€ €.
eay

PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE
avaveyhia Eipi^^ ^^
(1.

i8i

'?

TT€VT€.

iav

^^

hibovTOs
^^

€[].
For
B. C.H.

' []
vi.

^^

^^

^^

, ?, . . ) ( ? ? . ('? ', 6.
^
^*^
^^

.

et[s]

[[ ]]
ttjs

^*

((1.

t&tos toC
-pe?

;€6
cf.
^"^

avevey.)

{\),
(1.

:

1670. 13,

.),€

-ro?)

^^

ro

povbia(^
^"^

Trepei

vy'i-

^^

^*

? []

^- ^

^'^

^^

^Abpiavov

e.

Verso

meaning vessels of some kind cf. a Delian inscription in and P. Hibeh isi. 50 1758. i7'5x8'4cm. Second century. letter from a woman, asking that an embargo should be placed on a mound which a tenant was digging on her land, and that no more work should be allowed until her arrival.
(. 23)

108,

A

.
^^
^

*.[€]

The

writing

for the
TTavTos
*

(
^^

is

across the fibres of the verso, the recto being blank except

address.

^

^

Aioyejits
^ vitv
^

7
^*

-

^

^apayeva.

(,
from

1.

€)'7;5

€y
^*^

^^

iooboa (third
()
ii.

- . , 4() ^
\aLpeiv.
^
^
^

-

^^

6

corr.

from

(second

[.

[In
(1.

e corr.

. 7^[
e

)

-

^^

^^

',

12 the

of

is

clear,

occur in the

€€[]

LXX

??
and

^^

€[][];[}- ^* tos yva -" ovs b€s e^eis. Verso ^^ 7'(9)
[

€[]

) '?

cannot be read

and N.T., as Eccles.
1219. 5.

18

,
^

;

similar forms

Mark

i.

34

?/.

For

1 6) cf. e. g.

short letter from Demetrius to 1759. 7*9 X 10-4 cm. Second century. Theon, an athlete, reminding him of some articles which the writer wished " ^ to be bought. ^

( ^

iyiai-

*

;[] []
veiv

^[^?] [5. [5] ?)
yapo
For
is

- . , . , - []^^' - ] . \
[]
'

A

\1
^^

'^

[

Ttapabo^e.

Verso

yapo

cf.

1760. 14.

The diminutive

found
is

was

Fay. 104. 23, where a derivation from Whatever the origin of the word suggested.
in P.

meaning

clearly

some kind of

jar or vessel.
in

The
and
(Hi,

athletic

bo^os, originally applied

to victors

both
1

frequent in papyri, e.g. P. Brit. Mus.

178. 54-7

p.

,
217);
'.

?(

=

may

be,

its

title

is

fairly

its

occur-

rence here explains the wish in

1.

4

for

'

perpetual victory

l82

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
Second century. The latter part of a letter referring to 28-3 X 9 cm. arrangements for the delivery of some and asking for a jar of
pickled
fish.
TTcpl
^

1760.

kv 6e

TT€VT-

irpos
^^

,
^

- {)
^
.

[.

irapaho-

][ €*
. .

TiOL\riaeis

^

(.)
(cf.

-

[.] (])

.
[]
',

.

^

, ' ([]
^
^
^

btKaia
^^ ijijjx^eis

^^

bwarbv
^^

'

1759.
^^

8,

.)

eav be

[•] is clear and 4[], which is the word expected, means pressed crammed full '. 1761. 9*5 X 7-9 cm. Late second or third century. A short and badly spelled letter of greeting from one Avoman to another. A very singular symptom of ^ regret for an absent friend is specified in 11. 6-7. and so (1.
In
1.

({).

€[\[]
9

(.
'

- €€ €€€ , € , ?
^^

^^

^^

( ^- 8 .
irpos
^

-

Oipovs

)Ui[ya]s

kaTiv

^^

^^

[]6

^,
bvvarai
.

^^

([\

Ttporpairels

cannot be read,

'

1.

^

^^ ^^ -" Verso Cairo 10013. ly-yxio-;^ cm. Second or third century. Letter of 1762. . Chaereas (? identical with Chaereas in 117) to his father Dionysius concerning some negotiation with Serenus in which the influence of Dionysius was

corr.

desirable.

"^

^ . ^ ^. - ( ) . . 4 € , . [] }
20)

apa^{)b

^

?)

(1.

.) {).
^

^

[[]]

^

-[](--,{}4 "
^

e-

rjs

^

[
e
:

^

dbiv.

^^

Nejue-

^^

(). '€€ (-) [9
^^

^^

^^

from

1.

)

Tois kv

(1.

.)

-navT^s.

(1.

ei- ^^

^'^

7{}5

(

'

'

^

Xaipias

'-^

^

[[]]

[]'

*

irepl
^

^

b€a
^^

',
^^

or

[]. -).
6•

/^ ? € [, [7]77, )\\' \]
bebeea
Trpos
^

(1.

^*

![.]
On

*
^

? '.

-)

^

6/3«

^; -

roi5ro

^^

[]r]S^
^^

Verso

7() )/;//3(

1763.

cm.

the verso of 1743.
sister,

Third century,
^

A

note from Sopatrus to his

delayed, but that he hoped to start on the 15th.

bvev ^^*^

.
'€

explaining that his departure

^^'•
^*

4€,
^
"^

^^

Verso

•7'(5)

.

€ -).

€-

bkv

^^

^

ttJs

^

? ^-^
^
**

after A. D. aaa.

had been

evOabe.
^^

!^()

.

PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE
Third century. 1764. 17-3 X 7-3 cm. On the verso of the ends of 16 an early third century Hst of persons with their ages, most of the
concluding
letter
<c(

183
lines of

)

U7r(ep?)

4{
^ ^ ^

to Pindarus, stating that a calf-butcher, who was wanted for the purpose of a valuation, had refused to go before the arrival of the most notable Calpurnius ', and referring to some young peach and citron trees, &c.
'

{ (?)
"

entries

(or

).

An

incomplete

^

(1.
"^

cf. B. G. U. 3. 11 a Rainer papyrus op. Wessely, Wien. SUid. 1902. 129 (a. D. 596), letter to a 1765. ii-4X7-9cm. Third century. (Tarsian-clothweaver cf• 1705) complaining that he had not answered a number of letters,

*
^

€^ ? ?^ , , ,[ [€]( ^, ^^ ? ^?, 4$) - ^^ . ( - ^€ . . ^ . ^^
TTJs

^"

]
[

[]5

:5

- [^ ^^ ^).- ^?
(cf.

ev€K€v,

fjv

,

^^

. Strassb. []€',
^^

2,
^^

- -[] ? 4€ ' [],
[]/3€^.
^
^

^ CTrei

'3[]
els

ita-

5,

.) "

(.)

^*

be

^^

l•[i\^l/€
^^

^'

[]

[]

"^^

(iv.)

re

[]

.[\

.

in

1.

6

is

tion in the butcher's trade

;

an early instance of specializaand

in

A

;

which was causing delay, and asking
(cf. 1.

for

some money

(?)

to be sent.
^

^

29

^

vl

oi)be

^

()

'^

e/3es.

bta

^

^

(iv.)

\

.

^^

(

= ?)
;

^^

^^

rpeiy

^^

€-

^^

kav

(

corr.

from

e ?)

4},
^'^
:

^^

(unknown
^^

?

=

^^

,^. <
^^

-.
^* ^^ els

^^

Verso
^^ (in

^^

7()

the reverse direction)

1766.

I7'ixi4*4 cm.

Third century.

, ? .( ^ ^^^
(
corn)
eis

'remnants'),

?,
(1.

iipdav

(tep.

rewritten)

^"

eav

]^

Trjs

-)

-

^^

'^^

te'peta

{€.).

A

well-written and nearly complete

Horion, complaining of his silence and asking for news. The writer's name was possibly Aeschylus, if the first line may be supposed
letter to

to

have been a

^ Xaipeiv. ^


'

€[ ^] €€9 $
(-^')
^

little

indented.
et?

^

[A
aet

];9
*

- €- (.) € ? ''
'

TTOiijaeis,

,(

', ^, ,
,

As
^

*

(.
rrjs
^^

(first

e

corr.

^^[}^

[] € ^,
from

)

' re

184

Tiov

/'
1767.

€. \
Btayeis,

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
rrjs
^^

cm. Third century. Letter, of which the beginning is lost, addressed to Hermione, and written in a medium-sized sloping hand of In 11. 8-16 the writer recommends some one to the care of a literary type.
17*5
>^


9*3
;

[ ] , ( .^ {) ()- [ [
()

^, "
^"^

'
?]
^

^^

ev-npayia

(^.)

^*

^^

^^

tovs

€ evbo^ovvTa

^^

€09

Verso

^^',€]

[

\.

the addressee
*
^

cf.

€ 7[

[
^^

1663.

^

eye7etA[
^

[

>/[
]
.

^ ^

^
(1.

7]€9

(.)
^^

- . [] ([] [] [\9
be
^^
7re[p]i

\ (. €[]
reXe-

aeaarrjs

^.) €5
^^

7[
as

?
(1.

[^ /-

-

^^

€[[]]''.
^^
^"^

[?]

[€]^?
6[.]

kv

^^

1768.

77]'(5) Breadth

^
[-]
10.3
;

^^ foju,ai

- . ^ ^--' ?
^'^

\\

^^

\\

/ -)
[
^^

^[
(.)
^^
^^
^^

^yjyq^*

eU

^^

^^

[,]

(1.

-oVrji).

^

7[9]

{}.

Verso
his

cm.
P.

Third century.

Letter from

Heraclius to

children

Theon and

Alexandria

cf. e. g.

of the letter, which
literary type,
^

though

rots

For 1769.

[?] ^^[];, [^??[] [/? €$. [?] 2-3-8
;[
(1.

.),

^

[]

? ?
is

Sarapias, announcing his safe arrival at Schedia (near

Hibeh no.
in

25, n.).

written

less

formal than that of 1767.
^

(.)

^

'

?

^^

,
?
?
iii.

. ( []»
^°[•

There is a lacuna in the middle a sloping hand approximating to the

?
®

'? ^

•]^[

[])' 7[ ]5.
^^

^
]

''Aya[^o?,

^^

(ist h.)

- () '^^[]. *[?.
(after a

gap)

[

^^(and

h.)

in

1.

9 cf Diod.

51

Ammonas

wants to be supplied.
(1.

^
^ ^

CV^)

(.)

[7^?

/ ^ . ^( ^. . € {) . ^ ] ,. cm.

Third century.

to his sister, telling her that he

^' )
^*

A

-.

practically complete letter from

had made arrangements

for her

[]

^

(.)

^

^

fjs

^"^^^

y^P

^

{.)

^

^^

[]/3?
]

^^

.

[

^^

(\[
?]

^^

^^

^ .
ii.

PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE
^^

tovs

Tiavras
rfi

^^

'

Verso

2°7()
;

568 No. 136 would also be not seem to occur elsewhere. 1770. 25-5 X 10 cm. Late third century.
son,

[{\

.. []
^^

185

ae

(^).
cf.

^^

{)

For

suitable,

Archiv 14) though that form does
(1.

e.g.

who

uses

no names

in the

a mother from her opening formula, but was perhaps called
letter to

A

Horion (1. 18). The arrival and dispatch of various articles are announced, and the mother is asked to come herself or to send Thonius, possibly another ^ ^ son. beoi rots ( corr. from ) a-

[ €[ {.). ^. $ ? ' •\^^ [4
blank ?
*
'

6-

^

corr.
}\.
(1.
.

from
.

^^
.

-70s) r[av- ^^
(tep.),

^^ TTpbs

7[^ [$ €(cf.
^'^

' €7?
UpaK€t
o)s is

[4 ^ €' .[(- ({^ ^ €
®

(.

-)
.

[^
^ ^^

/€[ [1
.

ovb€^^
.

),

^^

.€
'^

vyt[aiv€iv

^

eS

[€
(

[.

[. .

.

.

^^

(
^^

corr.

from

^^ eAe'ou (1.

^^

kv

^^
1.

juai

14 are obscure.

?,
^^

( -^- . 4€
^'^

.

(1.

€)

cav be

el-

^^

.
^^

^,,
kav be

bfjs

^*

4, ^.

,

Kvibiov

(lep.

:

corr.

from
^^

)

^^ and 1670.
xpoVois.

2)

(.)

[
On
of

the verso traces of the address.
is
;

, . .(
(-)

) ^^
.
.

m

)
-^

avabibovvTL

- $
^^

kX&iv

"^

?

eis

fiera
^^

[

tovs

^'*

'?
?)

Lines 13-

The supposed
or not
bos
is

much more
11.

may
is

of course be one word,

whether

a proper

name
;
.

not clear.

In

28-9, again, the interpretaor

tion

doubtful
.
.

may be

connected with either
of

lows, Tcibe

being read in the former case,

the
first

1771.

two letters of i4'5xi3-8 cm.

tenant; giving directions about wine.

[]
,
(1.

^-. (
usual

form.

^,
^

The meaning

11.

18-19

was inscribed on the Late third or early fourth century.
"^

.
is

^ ,?
r,

like

and

(for

what
(1.

fol-

not

2-), is

that a

monogram

of the

yevm

( corr.)

via

,

^

^'
^

Av[pi]]\io[s

€][]$

^

A[[e]|iaai

obevae

(1.

),
^*

-)

[]
^^

Verso

}\() ',

()'

eir^etvai tois evdabe.
^*

() [/)/1()) €.

(

,

[{) [.] '[] 7[] €€- 4 (*
^
^ b-p

A

letter

to a

b

.
^^

eavbpos

^^ be

bea .

ape

i86

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI

1772. 7 X 32-6 cm. Late third century. Beginning of a letter which was very apparently left unfinished, since there is a distinct margin below 1. 5. short sixth line might be supposed to have been lost, but the conclusion would be extremely abrupt. The writer disclaims responsibility for the non-

A

arrival of a
in

monthly stipend due to the addressee.
is

The

inclusion of

a message of greeting

noticeable.

^

[Aio]vvaLos

('.)

yaipeiv.
^

4 [[]] ^ ^^^
ovbev'

[]4,

-'
[[•]]
had
of

^[•7]

€\
otl

^ [tos] eyey/cai (eycy'ic.)

bovTos.

1773.

Third century. Letter from a woman called in 1. i g cm. Eutycheis, but on the verso apparently Taurine, to her 'mother' Ameexplaining that


61?

yap kvOahe

^ [eiJTrey

€6.

eyo) 6e

. €
et/xt

(.),

6

y'

(

)•

trion,

her

arrival

been
to

\ ^. . ^) - ,? , - ( - )€ ) , ( ' ) -) ) )) - {] (/) [ [], ;) . , , [ ,€ ) 4€ -) " [] [ ^[ €][
transport, and asking for a
this letter,

sum

money

delayed by difficulties of be paid to the bearers of
^

^*

from

whom
^

the writer had borrowed.

)

^

^^[\
(1.

[];

(1.
(1.

.
^is els
^^
^^ ^^ ^^

\

(1.

-

* juat

povs

(.)
^

^

ort

®

evpov

-nSts

irpos

^

[]

{-\.)' ^^[]

els

(1.

-

^^

edpov.

(1.

e/cet

^^

^'

7?^?

(1.

TTOirjaeis)

avabibodvTi

(

corr.

from

)

bodve (L

-)

(1.

^^

[] ^°

from

)
-*

(corr.

from

?))

, ['

/{}, yi(voi;rai) (.)
?
^^ ^^

(corr.

ev

els

airovs

(1.

be)

'
^

ei
^^

{(]5
-)
(cf.

br] (?)

eirl

[ ?]

(-)

7aeo
^^

(1.

bpaxjxas

yi{v.) (bp.)

'^ ^ps,
^^
(1.

€[]?
e)
toxjs
[

(1.

eve- ^^

rbv

(1.

.

Flor. y6. 32).
[.

eav be elb^s

e^eis

[e]ls tcis

^^

X^p^s

(1.

.]

67[]_^

^^

bvvovTai

vaive

(1.

-)

/[;.
"^^

be)

[]7]5
^^ /xe

eve^'^

^^

bper]s

eii-

^eav

(1.

TTVT^[javTas.

iravTes

've
e[.
.

eoa —
.]yg[.
.

?,

bai

(1.

be) ev

[6
28,
e^eV.)
'

? ^^

[ ]

.

Verso
.

*''

(cf.

1678.

.)

eis

(1.

Tlape.)

tj

[.

.

.

?

^^

[.]

.

, eaaov (1.
difficult.

^^

.]ytv.
]

*^ (in

the reverse direction)

*^]

^^7r(apa)

apev[.

Lines 24-5 are

The

doubtful

may be , and

PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE
may be
hrf

187

equivalent to

or

no tolerable construction or sense seems obtainable. vLov (11. 7 and %i) is an unknown place. Letter to Atienateia from Early fourth century. 31-9 X 10-3 cm. 1774. Lord ', a formula showing the writer to have Didyme and her sisters in the been a Christian. She urges her correspondent, who still had a balance of 1,300 denarii to her credit, to indicate any further wants. ^ Kvpeta (a corr.)
0rj[/3]c5y
'

,

^; or

m «, and those following as 5> ^'[\

,

but whether the preceding letters are read
or
.

.
.

Ti
^

(1.

)
(1.

vyUviv

^*

4(.).

According to ^ATieyaTeirj Verso ^^ elbos (1. 15) were an Chrysippus ap. Athen. xiv. 647 c 1775. a3-axi3-8 cm. Fourth century. Letter from Plutarchus, informing Theoninus that his commissions had been carried out in spite of all difficulties, and detailing some wishes on the part of the writer, who may have been a Christian (1. 4; cf., however, 1678. 6, n.).
^

^ ) ^
\
vyiaiviLv)
(1.

^ €^

'Aruva^

?

€.

() .
eXot-

) . ^(
^ Teirj

at

ov

(1.

TTpoaayopeveiv

)

"^

^^

'

€-

€(^),
^^

- {) ,) . (^
"

kv

(1.

^

Kvpda
^^

et


^^

^^

(1.

-)
[.

^^

^^

]

^

(
yaipuv.
\

vyias

€VtoXl-

ivToXm&v
^^

^^

•]

[

^?)

\€.

[']

-.
0,
;
.

(or

^
(
^^

corr.

from

^] ^ ^^
^
tj)

eh

12

(^,

[]

'^
by
1.

"(2nd

h.)

followed

At
1776.

or 7 a conjunction like and not be read after certainly

the end of

Late fourth century. Letter from Paulus to Demefor a piece trius, telling him that some river-workmen were being sent supplied with corn, sour wine, and of work, and that they were to be

26-6x12-6 cm.

•..'? € , . ^. (, ( ( ] . ,
{). ''
[77]

'[\

^€ ^ '
.

'^

[.

^

€( " '? €].
^"

^^

(1.

-)

^''

.

[]
^^

(1.

-)

,

(ist h.)

;['
ii;a

parts of 8 lines.

Verso

'^'^

6- '

7r(apa)

is

expected,
is

for

can

[]

hardly satisfactory.

cheese.
20,

.)

from

^).

^- - . '
*

--]

'

^
^ ^

-^

^

-(cf.

1671.

^

(corr.

(1.

^)

i88
avTois,
^

THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI
tovs yeutpyovs
^^

^^

1777.

'


to
(1.

An ill-spelled letter from Choous Tyrannus, asking that a sum of money which was due from some ^ pav{v)os cowherds should be paid to Eulogius. ^
267 X
8'4 cm.

5

xpovois, Kvpii


^
^
[|_.

( corr. from
^^

^^

€4.

On

the verso traces of an address.

) .€
^^

*^

€ )(^()

eiy

Late fourth century.

-)
^^

(1.

^),
(1.

€^^

^^

^}. 7 [] ])
(1.

, ^ €. ^ ^.
(1.
(1.

? , ()
yaipeiv.
^

ei-nas

'

-) -)
(1.

obaey, otp(bas)
hod.)
(1.

-

(1.

^ - ). , .
*
(1. ^

.)
*
(1.

/io{t}etKot,

(1.

.)
(1.

sc.

-?)

.]]

eiTras)

^*

^^

im

^^

.

[

[e]y-

^^,
been
e,

].-

^^

letter

may have

but

. []€(1.

be

(
-

(1.

-)
TO]y

- -^^!; -)
^^
^^

abek-

^'^

,
(1.

-),

)[
^*

[5?]-

-

(ab€,

^-^

[].
1.

^^

€[]
-eiio/xev

[ ]-

-)

In
for

19 the penultimate or

cannot be read, though that verb was possibly intended.

INDICES
{looo
is to be

supplied before the figures in thick type.)

I.

KINGS, EMPERORS,
and Ptolemy
eea [EiepyeVts]

Cleopatra

€07

III

X

Lathyrus.
^€0i

/
65.
(er.

REGNAL YEARS, ERAS.
723.
I.

Ptolemy XIII Auletes.
nroXe/xaTos

Cleopatra VI (Ptolemy XV, Ptol. XVI).
^eoi

. . ^)«€5 . , \ . € . . [ . ,]
\ K\f
f)

(eVos

)

628 .

Oeos Ntos

(?

644. . which Cleopatra) 628. 8 629.
(eV.
;

7

;

644.

8.

(er. »j)

629.

I.

^

KXeoTT.

Caligula.

Nero.

?. ..
..

,
6
(er.

fleof

= 635.

«„

.

672. 21.

Vespasian.

Titus.

?

'
44•

(.

) 648.

SfjS.

) 641.
8.

21.

.

i")

661.

Hadrian.

'
/.
^€0?

(er.

) 648.
(«.

) 648.

20.

Antoninus Pius.

..

Marcus Aurelius (Verus).
.

? ! .? ? .. .
'A^r. (er,

. ??
(er.

Tiro?

? .? )
648. 45•
(er.

:
7•

2e.

(er.

) 710.

1 7-

)

685.

) 725. 9•

\ Oi^po?
(er.

. .
4-

(er.
;

^) 648. 8
1

648. 84, 86

(om.

,. .) 725.
3.

;

,686. 6

(?)•

^eo? Oiijpos (er.

rj)

648.

) 648.

igo
COMMODUS.

INDICES

eTof

8
725.
(er.
;

.
(«.

6

.

(er.

)
6.

721. 12.

() 724.
er. «e

6

;

(er.
;

^) 725.
687.
7•

725.

Septimius Severus (Caracalla, Geta).

€.
AvT.
18.

.

iii.

648. 70

f'"• i^C

725.

iii.

eV.

692.

5, 26.

er.

) 725.
AovKtos
*

696.

707.

8

[ .
[6J.

. € . €. ^ ^ ,..
2 2.

2e^.

(«.

e)

.. . .
'

Seov.

Ilfpr.

;

er.

•) 706. .

\[€^

./3. . ,.
re'rar
(er. /3)

Me'yiffros
(er,

e^ord?
1 7•

\

719.

Elagabalus (Se\^rus Alexander).
[Air.

... , . . . . .. . . . . . . \(8 .] ,
659.
/3

(er. c)

634. 20.
eroi

743.

er.

y,

e,

f 743.

5.

?,

743.

8.

er.

e

630. 20

(?).

er. 6

743.

Severus Alexander.

Gordian

Philippus

. . ...
y)
eroff

. 8^ .
4, II.

.

.

.
»j)

'\8 . . .
iii.

(er.

) 709.

.

(er.

725.

III.

TopBiavos

(Philippus

).

(er.

662. 23. - 636. 29•

?
Kvirroj

... , . \ . . ',
(er.

•) 697. 37•

:,
)
636. 39•

Decius.

..
Air.

Fatos

'

Gallus and Volusianus.

Valerian and Gallienus (Cornelius Valerianus).
Aik'ivvios

.. .. . . .
['.
Air.
eTos

.]
II.

? '. . .
Eur. 2e/3. (er.

\ 640.

?
3•
>

..
.

2e/3. (er.

$•
(er. e)

^'
Me'y. Ever•

OtoKepiavos

. . . . (\ . .
717.
(er. ej

649.

3•

Gallienus.

. (. .. . . .)
2e^. (er.
er. le

Me'y.

649. 5
1

(om.

. .. ..
Mey,
;

(er.

) 689. ^2.

er. le)

646•

7•

649.

649.

3•

/.

KINGS, EMPERORS,
[M.

REGNAL YEARS, ERAS

191

Claudius

AURELIAN.
EiV.

. . 4. ... .
II.

AvT.

.] . €^, («.
28, 33•

^

ty)

698.

27.

2f^. (?, y)

6 Kvp,
fTos

..

( []
SfiS. (er. 5-

Meaopjj) 633. 30.
(er.

. '. €.
I 7•

Me'y.

!

Mty. KapiriKos M/y.

-) 649.

633. 39•

Tacitus.

..
;

['f.]

(i'r.

)

649.

1

8.

Probus.

Me'y.

. . .. . 3. . . ..
er.

Me'y.

Me'y.

^) 631. 34

;

{[.]; om.

. . .
9.
Mey. Mey.
;

Me'y.

..

2e,3. (er. e)
;

Me'y. (er. e)

713. 20

694. 35• (om.

/.

repp. Me'y.

er. f)

638. 32.

[2e^.] (er. e)

649. 27.

Carus.
Kapos
(er. a,

)

744.

6, p, II.

Diocletian and Maximian (Constantius

.
('.
(er.

AvT.

.
f)

I

and Galkrius).

.

),

ot

.. .. \
oeaTT.

\

715.

. \... . ..
7
,'

(er.

y) 690.

(add Tepp.

. . .. . .
before
;

er.

^

e)

702
"

.

1

8.

) 643. 6
8.
3, 9>

..
;

(er. e

)

642.

.

;

704.

22

705. 19
691.
I).

;

(year lost) 718. 11.

..
645.

'

718.
e'rof

744.

H•

^'• V ^''

5•

Galerius (Severus, Maximinus, Constantine
o'l

€8
Constantine
Constantius

8€ . . .
645. 3
I.
;

. (.
708.
20.
er. te

.

653. [], 20.

er. le

y 653.

2 2.

y

750.

1

6.

8(.
II

.

716.

.

(Constans, Constantius Caesar, Julian).

6.
er.

. 8. . .
8(.
8

\ .\ .

(era of Constantine I)

. ? €. .
,
6
4. g.

627.

.

6

'. 632.
695.
13.

.

.

i8

751.

(era of Constantine I)

632.
II.

er.

695.

Valens, Gratian, and Valentinian

Theodosius.
eroy

.. ^

Xe (eras of Conslantius II

[
752.
4.

ACy.l 712.

.
7.

and Julian) 753.

192

INDICES

Uncertain.
€0?

,
oei'o

.
20.
eV.

701.
]

1

6

;

711.
er.

.
693.
7.
er.

700.

y 688, g

711. 10.

C 648. 93.

er.

5

639.

23, 29, 30, 32.

^, 6|3/
626.
II.

8.

.

See Index

(^).

CONSULS AND INDICTIONS.
(298) 704. 24
J

Consuls.

and

^ .
.
Indictions.

. (SO^) 645. . . . , .. . . (333) . . . 632. . . . 695. . , . . (394) . 660.

).
C

643. 19•
)7/.

, . . .

^/
..
. .
-

705. 22;

(.

716.

'
.
.
645.

Ovakeplov

^

'Awictov

(31^) 708. 20. (325) 626. 23•

. ^'
int.

^ ,
)

. ,
-y]

. .. ..
(342) 627.

.
(353) (360)

\

^

712.

(353-4) 632.

.

.

735.

III.

( (^'

MONTHS AND DAYS.
Aug. 29-Sept.
2'J

[ {^
(Neos

706.

3•

^'.
628. 4)
661.

)
757. 29)

Oct. 28-Nov. 26

'
iiawt

629. 3) 709. 3 709. 3; 725. 700. 1 9, 20

{ { {'

644. 3• 635. 2)

641.

2 2)

27-Dec. 26 Dec. 27-Jan. 25 Jan. 26-Feb. 24 Feb. 25-March 26 March 27-April 25 April 26-May 25 May 26-June 24 June 25-July 24
706. 15
;

.

Sept. 28-Oct. 27

)

;

723.
725.

4.

July 25-Aug. 23
;

1

4

;

737. 32

Aug. 24-8

IV.

PERSONAL NAMES
PERSONAL NAMES,
;

193

IV.
(d.

=

daughter

;

f.

= father
2.

m.

= mother

8, .
s.
;

of Paleopis 745. 6. consul 712.

.

"Ayauos
12.

^ "
699.3.
Aip. Aip.
f.

754. 8. 'Aya&ivos f. of Aur. Serenus also called Sarapion 631. i 633. 3 636. i ; 689. 3 ;
;

, /'
;

s.

=

son
;

;

w.

=
.

wife.)

743. 5

..

769.
S.

of Aur.

Heraclides
4.

637.

I, 3,

13, 18.

m. of Aur. Amois 714.

potter 754. 5.

Aiip.

4, 12, 19, 49.

. . 718.
I,

Koi

s.

of Varianus 642.

^«ts
f.

1 8,

f.

of Ptolemaeus 724. 32.

677.

16; 677. 11; 679. 13; 768.

^

Ayados

\ ..
slave

ex-chiefII.

priest

694.

€€> . .
6.
s.

648.
5.

f.

of Aur.
f.

Avp.

'Ayauovs

,')8
f.

753. . of Sarapion 648. 33• Ala 670. 30. ducenarius 711. 4. Avp. 691. I.

. . of Agathodaemon 715. of Alexander 710. {^), . ". 649.
int.

Agathodaemon 715.

of Aur. Apia 714. i. of Demetrius 745. 24. f. of Hephaestion 707. 2. s. of Chaeremon 745. 11. s. of Harpocration 745. 9. s. of Paosis 745. 18. s. of Sarapiou 725. s. of Sosipatrus 639. 27. s. of Soudas 726. 9.
6

\ (€

. prytanis 662. . slave 648.

.
12.

7.

4.

\

630.
;

2.
;

659. 65

681.

,

31

706.

1

6

;

727.

9•

3•

.

, (
',
A\f

»}»)
2.

719.

.
At.

.
634.
3,
.

y(py
f.

m. of Aur. Thonis 688. 748. II.

6.

of

Amois 692.

2.

.

. of SaraS

648. 68.
of Zoi'lus
s.

3•

praefect 637. 9•
6.

of Amois 692. 2. of Pokoous 744. i o. s. of Terentius 687. 4• Avp. s. of Theon 714.
s.

.
7.

4.

"

8
f.

fopy 735.
722. 4• 677. 12.

698.

6.

756.

635.

5•

of Aur. Alexander 711. s. of Agathous 710. int. Ai'p. s. of Alexander 711. s. of Dionysius 722. 4.

(
771.
s.

s.

646. 2 2. of Harpaesis 686. 4. f. of Aur. Thonis 688.
2 8.

5.

727.

705. 22.
i

.

*Awa678.
;

21.

\

, [ "
I,

,

654. 13

;

679. 27
decanus,

;

727.

6,

29

3. 12. Aiip.

.

s.

of Choous 626.

24.

. 750. .

773. 4• 773. , 43• 735. 3•
(?)

,' ', .
724. 29.

637. 5, 14, 18. 668. 23.

(
6
S.

consul 643.

19

;

704. 24;

S.

of Apollonius

of Horus 637. 31. 682. 1,19•

.

S.

of PtolemaeUS
4. 47•

.
,

of Plato 689.

765.

3°•

,
23

194

INDICES

. 634.
;

3) 6,

1

9,

,
12.

.. -— ..
659.

5-

Cf.

630.
d.

3-

,
Avp.

d.

of
. .

Ammonius
.

714.
(?)

.
g.

of Xois

703.

/^''
of
Avp.

679. [], 30.
COSmetes,
2.
S.

Ptollion 703.

,
/'
s.

gymnasiarch 664. , 1 6, 1 8. f. of Heras 721. 4. s. of Agathinus 689. Avp. s. of Apollonius 693. s. of Horion 692. 1,26. 659. 88, 102 ; 667. i 755.

. ..

2. i.

;

i

;

768.

676.

I,

41.

/',
715.

Avp. s. of Diogenes 693. 5. of Narmouthis 745. 14. Avp. w. of Aur. Agathodaemon

.

659.

1 1

8.

.

7.

/, . €7
705.3.
senator,
s.

Avp.

. viatrona .

716. 4^ ^2. of Apollonius 686.

-

stolata

^. , , , ^. , , " ' [^] ,
{?) .
767. 23.

Avp. 659. 6. 659. 53, 76, 8o; 669. 11 ; 674. 674. 11; 695. 14. f. of Aur. Apphous 750. 2. m. of Damas 696. 2.

.

1

:

745.

7•

Cf

.

8.

s.

of Apollotheon 750. , 17• of Pathermouthius 627. 3.

23•

752.

3.

Avp.

.

Cf.

s.

of Patetus 708. I, 23. {. of following

629.

6.

\. \.
14,

S.

of preceding

629.

5•

',

. of Aur. Didyme 645.

Aip.

. 638. [],

[2], 15.

[6],

23, 37•

661. . S. of Paapis 648. 57•

725. 20.

.

688.

.

strategus 690. 22.
tax-collector 659. 87.
.
.

6
«5

\. .! \
.

f.

of Annianus 637. 6. of Aur. Apion 693. i. f. of ApoUonius also called
f.

',

— — —

Harbichis 629. 6. f. of Apollonius 686. i. f. of Herodes 721. 5. f. of Aur. Rufion 627. 26. f. of Sarapias 649. 13. f. of Sarapion 628. 5. s. of Apollonius also called Harbichis 629. 5, 13. 6 s. of also called Apollonius 637. [5], 14, 18. s. of Apollonius 707. 3, 12. s. of Dionysius 644. 5. s. of Hephaestion 707. 11, 16, 26. s. of Ischyrion 628. 6, 15,

\

: !
({ —

724. 21. f. of Harmiusis 724. 23. s. of Harmiusis 724. 23. of Sarapion 648. 16. (J) s. f. of Anempeus 686. 4. f. of Cheos 747. 25. s. of Anempeus 686. 4. s. of Papontos 661. 2. 660. f. of Ammonius 745. 9. f of Aur. Theodorus 708. 4.

.

Avp.

. 713.
3.
.

3.

761. 13.

645.
d.

.

.

.

.

m. D 696. 3. 'Apre/Liei? m. of Aur. Didyme 645.
. .

of Ptolemacus 644. 1 2, 20. of also called Dionysius

650
s.

14, 31•

of Sarapiodorus 745. 3. f, of Heraclides 724. 26.
6

of Isidorus 645. 4 s. of Papontos 725. 11. s. of Pata( ) 747. 69. s. of Sarapion 707. 3. yf s. of Sarmatcs 747. 62.
s.

,
M.

..

Avp.

\.

(?) o7p^^'
(?)

636. 44• 774.

(
6.

1

8.

(?),

) . 630.
6.

2.

!,

.

of Dionysius 695. 774. 1,21.

"

[6],

IV.

PERSONAL NAMES

(1. (1.

"), . ".
?) s.

of Orsenouphis 745. 20.

649.

9•

,
4•
f.

195

\
Ammonius 745.

.

senator 697.

, ,.
758.
d. of
1

S.

of Pnepheros 745.

.

2.

of Aur. Geminus also called Silvanus
I.

703.
s.

Harthonis 648. 57•

of

24.
7.

.

passim. S. of Psenamounis 638.

6 sqq.

",
644.

Cf. 678. 26. 745. 1 6.
8.

$•,
.
19•

. [
,
s.
;

Avp.

.

s.

of Aur. Geminus 703.

of Pnepheros 745. 27. 672. I ; 759. i 776. i.
;

709.

\
.

8.
d.

of TerentiuS 687.

I.

628. 8

629. 7

',

slave

677. , [6]; 761. 1 1. 749. 2, 4• S. of Castor 747. 23.

and
a[

.
]
S.

706. 13,

^)
753.
2.

Cf.

of Copreus 747. 45•
(A[iVx]«5Xoff ?)

Cf.
I,

766.

19.

,* , .
Avp.
I,

,
5•

of Plutarchus 648. 52. 758. I, 21. Avp. d. of AriuS 645. [2], m. of Aur. Alexander 711. 2. 677. 12 ; 774. 2, 21.
d.

1

5, 20.

.
f.

athlete

643.

21.

.

of Herodes 721.
5.

adopted

? (€
',

678. 1 9. 727. 3pay

f.

s.

of of

; ^
S.

653.

.

evT

.

€\''...

, ,
705.

. ..
6

of Dionysius 644. 6. 679. 20. of Pausiris 747. 38. 696. 23.
"

-. ,
Airp.
I,

of Theon 719. 648. 19. The Theon 719. 4. A[. .] . 642. I.
f.
.

.

.

.

659. 56.

,
f.
f. f.

.

prjtanis 662.

.

..
..
2.
s.

30, 39, 47.

728.

680. 8(?); 771.
22.

.
;

S. of Sarapion 627. 5• of Aur. Apollotheon 693. 5. of Aur. Diogenes 691. 2. of Aur. Theon also called Epimachus

,
669.
s.
.

5•
S.

senator,

of Stcphanus 697.

688.
704. 24
;

. consul 643. [20]
711. 3•
2.

of Diogenes 691.
. .

2.

6

,. ,
(, .
734.

. of Sarapias 649.
6

agoranomus,

S.

of Demetrius 703.

.
2.

\

.
hypomneinato-

graphus 645.

..
2.

consul 716.
S.

.
Sarapammon

?
721.

'
703.

\
2.

of

The

648.

19.

6

\ . 724. 34•
I.

724. 34.

659. 55, 59- 83. m. of Platonis also called Ophelia

758.
f.

of Serenus 747. 17.

628.

.

\

S.

ot Zoi'luS 719. 9.

of

(?)

-,

freedwoman

(.')

of

,
\
d.

696. I, 21. 648. 55•
of ApollouiuS 725. II.

750.

..

\ . 696.

5.

23•

642.

.

?
2

Horion 747. 67. m. of Aur.
17

\ . m. of Aur.

Ctistus 631. 3.

Dcmetrius

7.

gymnasiarch 762. 659. 1 25.

i, 15.

.

196
f. of Alexander 722. of Pasion 644. 5. of Aur. Syrus 695. 6. of Castor 724. 6.

INDICES
4.
f.

f.

,..
.
S.

718. 19644. 29 ; 659. 4°, 46, 63 ; 671. 2,25; 671. 6 676. 36 ; 718. ^ ; 724. g ; 756. 13; 760. 3; 772. . StrategUS 662. 4• f. of Ptolemaeus 724. 29. Aioyftnjs 724. 34• 759. 105-6.
;

. ^^
[—
.

s.

696.

3• 4•

726.

.

of Helladius 747. 65. f. of Isidora 649. 19. f. of Aur. Theodora 645. 5. f. of Theon 759. 11. 727. 2. (i) 660. int. (2) 777. 10, 15. 757. 1 1

, (

m. of Aur. Agathodaemon 715.

6.

.

S.

;

of Cornelius 747. 68. s. of Merotis 745. 22. 727. 32. S. of JulianUS 747. 64. 659. 82. Consul 716. 2. Aopvivos, Oph'o 712. 3. 677. 4, 15-

:
,
.
of

{?)
f. f.

685.

2.

,. ^, .
——
68.
f.

678. 21. 773. . 678. 2 2.
'.

718. 4• . COnSul 716. 2. of Aur. Heraclas 694. 2. of Aur. Plution 709. 6. of Sarapion 633. 10. f. of SaraS 648. of Zoilus 719. I. of Sarapion 648. 26, 37, 46-7, 58. of Saras 648. 4, 9, 18, 42. of Zoilus 719. I, 4, 16.

..

s.

s.

(^)\€,

? ,.. .
f.

(.
s.

687. 1 4667. 2. 684. 1.

Avp.

€ €\( . .
s.

636. 44.

6

.

701.

'.

'
688.

747. 65. 716. 5, 2 2. of Sarapion 648. 51. Senator 637. 8. s. of Anesouris 688. 4. Qiav s. of Diogenes

(.) d. Eudaemon

of Papontos 720.

2.

637. 32; 648. go; 659. 51; 671. 25; 738. 13S.

,

of Pausiris 648. 7'•
3.

.

.

'
' '
priest

722.

I.

Avp.

. 694. 40
1 3-

(.?).

769.

771. 6.
9.

f. of Hermias 721. 673. I, 30.

s.

of
6

Hermes

€. ,
stolaia

\.

721. 9.

adopted

s.

of Hermias

721. 8. 767. 28. m. of Sarapias 649. 2. s. of Petencphotes 630. m. of Zoilus 648. 18.

6.

724.

. \

8, 13.

' , ,
Ptollion

761.

9-

S.

of Aur. Geminus also called
15.

703. 8. d. of Candion 648. m. of Heras 721. 4.
6
6.

ex-chief-

694.

677. 12; 679.
I.

7.

.
11.

f.

of Aur. Apion

693.

Avp. s. of Zoilus 694. i. 706. 2 727. 19. 668. 31. of Hermias 721. 9. 670. 29 ; 678. 20.
;

,

.

Avp,
1 8.

.

S.

of Apol-

lonius 637. 5,

matrona

banker 639.
dioecetes 661.
i,

5, 30.

705.

3.

IV.

\8, . . ..
lacius

,

PERSONAL NAMES
S.

of Scy-

626. 5• gymnasiarch 726.
senator,
f.

2.

€ ^
slave

197
11.
6.

647.

senator,

s. of Heraclides 632. 4. of Aur. Timagenes also called

slave 648. m. of Aur. Heraclas 694. 3. rn. of Aur. Horion 715. 2. m. of Sarapion 724. 27.

,
697.
2,

Heraclides 697. 4, 41. Aip. f. of Aur. Ammonianus 637. 2. f. of Heraclides 632. 4, s. of Asclepiades 724. 26. 6 Avp. s. of Heraclides

.

761.
Qiav, Avp.

g.

.

709.

\( -^
of

4.
s.

.

athlete,

UroKepxuos

40.

6 726. 4• 659. 68, 74, 75, 107; 666. , 26; 682. 2 ; 706. 6 727. 33 ; 766. 6. d. of Aur. Heraclides 637. 2, 4, 22.

.

.
f.

\ . •. 747. \ . hypomnemato^2•
6
4.

Eudaemon 759.

i, 11.

graphus 645. 2. f. of Aur. Amois 714.
f.
f. f.

..
;

iniTponos

680. 1 3. 630.

.

2.

f.

of Didymus 719. 5. of Aur. Phoebammon 712. 4. of Aur. Philonicus 691. 3. of Theon 629. 5. of Theon also called Thoonis 639.
/cat

2.

'\5
f.

,.

768. , 6. 674. 3•
enipeXrjTTjs

s.

660.

5•
s.

/, ;? . . '. 1\: "

of Aur. Peloius 631. 4. decanus 626. 2, 24. d. of Apion 721. 3. m. of Harmiusis 724. 23. s. of Paapis 747. 34.

.

..
688.
s.

/
s.

669.

II.

676.

of ApoUonius

42, 43. also called
I,

^ .
I.

adopted s.of Hermias721.8. of Hieracion 726. 6. s. of Theon 639. 2, 33. of Theon 629. 4, [14]. S. of DiogcneS

\

'
.
,

of Zoilus 648. 46-7.

\

.

.

\

701.

Didymus

721.

5.

?] 634. 8. 691. . S. of Sarapion 648. 43• 630. 18; 648. 27, 28. S. of Ammonius 707. .

636. 44• 726. 7• 657. 659. 89, no; 674. 678. , 28; 757. 22; 766. 15; 768.

. .;
771.
7•

^ €\
724. 34•

;
,

€!\

5, ^!
687.
I.

,
6;

m. of Aur. Apia 714. m. of Aur. Palex 716.
2apanias

\, . &€\ . . .. .
706.
9.

(

\

.

d.

of TereotluS

i.

6.

.

706.

5•

S. of Theon 639. . of Aur. Sinthonis 716. 7• s. of Aur. Apphous 627. 8. 770. 22. i. f. of Aur. Horion 715. f. of Aur. Sarapammon 705. 5. s. of Anesouris 688. 4. 670. 7.

\.

747. 59•
2,

33•

..
f.
f.

, /
Qeohapa,

:

W. of Papnuthius 720. . 661. 5• d. of Eudaemon 645. 5. 1 6. S. of Harpocration 708. 4•

727. 14• 775. 2, 27667. 7•

m. of Aur. Harachthes 708.

! "

4..

of

Theon 726.
718.
;

6.

I,

15.

(i) 727. 17

(2)

770.
7.

17, 28.

'lepfCs (?)

of Tauris 689.

2.

681. 20. 681. 2, 30. 772. 2.

! 6 / ,'
. .
.

/ //
198
23
;

INDICES

consul 626. 23. f. of Dioscurides 747. 64. dioecetes 633. 16. (i) 681. I, 30; (2) 681, 26.

/

637. 33s. of Miusis 747. 50. philus 637. d. of

,..
.
659.
S.
f.

(=
int.

preceding

?)

630.

3•

([ 710.
757. 25.

648. 32.
[6j, 22.

.
(=
preceding

634.
.?)

3? 6, 1 9,

659.

5•

d.

,.
703.
7•
f.

630. 3• . slave 648. 6. of Septimius Eudaemon 649. 18. of Aur. Demetrius

,
(.?).

*.

KXrjpfvs

,.
9
f.

ypappaTfvs

"
(?).

.

665.

,

28.

631. 39•

628. 8

;

629.

7

;

644.

8.

663.

, 3•

of Leucadius 752.

.

. 699.

1.

.

KoTrpeiJr

of HoruS 747. 21. of Apphous 747. 45. Avp. K. s. of Syrus 695. 8.

681. 28

701.12.
f.

of

. Aur. Apollonius 645.
^(€5
.
,

irenarch 662. 17. 659. 86.

.

4.

630. [?]> 9; 742. 10. 648. 83, 86. 678. 22. {. of Lucius 647. 5•
6
f.

(\()
652. {o)
7.

747. 63. of Dioscorus 747. 68. 765. I, 2g.
2
;

•€

{b) 2.

of Apollonius 628.

' ,
/ »;
()

675. 735.

;

766. 13-

6.

, ,
8.

s.

of Pausiris 685.

2.

m. of Ammonius 725.

Aiip.

.

S.

of RufuS 631.

3, [8],

35,

41•

_

\ . 750.
of

5•

679. 27f.

KaXaaipts 655.

676. 33; (2) 686.

761.
f.

-

8,

17.

of Aur. Leonides 638. 36.

'
f.
f.

659.
S.

. .03
f.

.
1 8.

764.

.

€. ^,
771.
7•
f.

Clemens 752.

.

679. 25.

.

S.

of Callistratus 638. 36.

640.
(?)•

. of Candion 648. 15• of Candaeus 648. 15• 761. 3•
of

Aphunchis 747. 23• of Dionysius 724. 6. of Petechon 648. 5.
of

..
s.

Horus 747.
s.

66.
6.

of Pathermouthius 632.

636.

1

3, 25.

; ;?
,
.

VIS (?)
s.

696.

3) 21. 5.

of Petechon 756.

765. 27.
(?) d.
s.

/ ' ,
s.

753. . 768. 12. 679. 2 1. 657. 9• 659.

.
1

of Cedilla (.?) 648. 21. of Ision 647. 5, 10.
19.

679.

(?)
2.

774.
31.

8.

754. 683.

2,

. 634.
f.

1 3,

ex-cosmctes,

of Lucius 648. 20.

TtVos

.

of Aur. Melas 645. 4.
3,

634.

(')
.
Aui".

{)

3.

13.

of Polydeuces 747. 32. f. of Pagathes 747. 56.

i

634.

3) 6,

9>

23

',

MapKOs

.
4•

769. 4• 722. 2.
{.

of

Horion

659.

5•

645.

IV.

PERSONAL NAMES

.
.€
MeXas,

S.

of

. Aur. ApoUoniuS

€ ..
685.

645. 4. 15. 19• 659. 115• 670. 2 8.
775. 14•
1 6.

S. of Maximus 645. 682. 3; 726. 1 2. Mfpa)ri[s m. of Dioscoius 745. 22. 633. II.

4> 1 6.

//

MiKpas 675. 7. 731. g. s. of Isak 747. 50. 'lovKios M. dioecetes 633. 16.

( .. , (
f.

199

f.

6

\

of Heras 747. 34. of Kimoulis 747. 56. f. of Aur. Apphous 627. of Aur. Castor 632. 6.
s.

3; 23.

637.

6.

637. 33 (0• See

(?)

/644.
MovvUTios
6

,
NctXof

7,

sqq.
1 1

,. .
670.
f.

..
I,

S.

of

Parammon
6.

716.

6.

33•

of

AaS 745.

754.

f.

praefect 654.

f.

672. 16.

S. of Ptollis 636. 3) 42• 638. 5• of Aur. Panechotes 689. 6. son of Panechotes 689. 6, 47. of Horion 747. 49. 720. I.

.

.

slave

.

"
f.

praefeCt 637. 9.

f.

701.

4•

Avp.

.

727.15f.

f,

of SoiaS 747. 4 1 s. of Choous 716. 27. of Apollonius 725. II.

of Aur. Harpaesis

Nap/xoC^ty

of ApoUon 745.

14.

f.

752.
761.
1 1

I.

of Aur. Helene 720. 3. f. of Aur. Palcx 716. 6.

NeiXos 678. 24.
Nf/iiCTtai/os

699.
6
6

Nix^ei/i/Sts,

^
628.

.

f.

of Apollonius

[5], 14.
s.

^
7.

661

3•

S.

of ApolloniuS 637.

7.

of Dionysius 644.

4,

(i) 687. 14; (2) 727. 5.

Avp.

.

29, 33.

637.

3.

669.

1 6.

{?)
;

Sevmv 751. int. f. of Apia 703. 10.

{?)

{?)
s.

638. 9 (2) 731. i. of Cheous 747. 19. s. of Pausiris 747. 43. s. of Pausiris 747. 36. f. of Ation 745. 20.
(i)
f.

' ,
f. f.

of Petosiris 639.

i,

24, 33.

OiaXepios

f.

705. I, 23. praefect 642. 3. praefect 662. 10. of Aur. Agathinus 642. 4.
soldier

727. I. Oii. 636. 1 3, 25. Oiapos, KaTiWiavos veteran 646. I, 2 2, 57. consul 643. [20]; 704. 24; Ovlpios

738. 10. f. of Apollonius 747. 69. 638. 766. 1 5. f. of Aur. Harachthes 708. i. consul 626. 23. 660. int. 750. 3. Avp. 660. int.; 776. i. f. of Demetrius 672. i. f. of Pausanias 666. i, 27. 5. of Pausanias (i) 666. 4, 25; (2) 672. I. 727. 4• f. of Besas 747- 38. f. of Cronion 685. 3.

.

.

\

f.
f.

705.
f.

22.

s.

of Harthonis 648. 57.

s.

of Horkouin 747. 43. of Horpaesis 747. 36. of Psenamounis 638. of Zosimus 648. 71. of Horns 747. 30. of Sarapion 648. 21.

2.

1

200
iiavfTipis
.
. .

INDICES
s.

of

Thcon
i8.

also Called

Hermias 721.

/, .
626.
4,

.

€,
2.

S.

of Ptolemaeus

i8.

8,

25-

, ,
UfKvats
nevijais
s.

f.

of

Ammonius 745.
2.

752.
sitologus
f.

physician 751.
Avp.

s.

^
s.

of Petosiris 639. i, 24, 33. s. of Heracleus 631. 4, of Plution 726. 8.

.

8, 36.

f.

669. 9• of Arsinoe 644. 13. of Ptolemaeus also called Antiochus
'

€(( (5, ((

Avp.
f.

.
of
OvdKepios

strategus 662. 4•
6.

Hermogcnes 630.

f.

of Sarapion 747. 70.

766. 14.

.

Soldicr

705.

I,

(jlaeeppovTis) 23.
s. of Castor 648. 5. of Salbius 756. 5. f. of Orsenouphis 639. i. f. of Sarapion 648. 39,

Uivdapos 764,

. /
?)
f.
f.

(rreTcuu-

59•

683.
of

.
See
2.

,
f.

724. 29. f. of Aur. Ptolemaeus 626. 5. f. of Spartacus 635. 3. s. of Agathus 724. 32. s. of Aur. Ctistus 631. 3, 36. s. of Dionysius 644. 3. s. of Ptolcmaeus 724. 29. s. of Tryphon 692. 7. (J\ 630. 2. 659. 31, 67, 81, 84, 108; 727. 18.

..
\

Avp.
5-

.

690. 2.

Horus 699.

€(57.
;

8.

/
s.

of Aur. Antonius 689. 5. of Horion 647. 5 721. 3.
7.
'fl(/)eXta d.
ij

676.

of Horion 647.

I,

8; 721.
775.

I.
f.

of Demetrous 648. 52.

»»

646. 1 9• TiKovTos, Avp. s. of Anesouris 688. f. of Demetrius 745. 27. f. of Hatres 745. 2.
']
,

- -^ € ,' ,
2, 27.
f.

of Penesis 726. 8, Avp. s. of Zoi'lus 709. 6. 659. 91 732. 10; 750. 7

?^ " ', ' '
670. 648.
Avp. Ptollion

677.

2 2,

3.

8.

f. of Aur. Panesneus 636. 3, 42. o'I/ex-cosmetes,f.ofthefollowing703.4.

\ .

COSmCtCS,

S.

of

703.
5.

2.

762.

Avp.

'p. s. of Apollonius 627. 26. of Aur. Ctistus 631. 3.

738.

5.

.

648.
;

746.

;

761. 10.
f.

766.

.

5.

743.
f.

3, 10.

2
I,

of Petechon 756. 6. m. of Amois 692. 3.
9, 17.

687.
s.

of Pscnamounis 638. 4. of Sarapion 641. 23.

.
f.

noipeuios

678. 24.
of
f.

634.
I

'J.

Amois 744.

O.

of Kiales 747. 32.

OvaXepios

. pracfect 642.
^^^]

3.

nov8(vs

f.

€(,

of Aur. Heracles 626. 2. veteran 646. ,

.

1{}.

Zoilus 719.

2.

See
2,

683.
(?)

31.

754.

.

.
y€ovx<>s

21.

.

2 2, 57.

m. of

^!

734.

\

1

.

747. 72•

702. 23. 659. 57. 78; 666. 2; 727. 764. . () 670. 75 (2) 757. 15673. , 3°• d. of Apollonius 649. 12. d. of Gemellinus 649. 2, 7.

. . ..8 .. \:
Aaphs
S.

of the following 696. [i], 20.
athlete

643. 1,21.

of

Sarapammon 696.
4•

S.

of Thonis 705.

6,

2;

?

IV.

PERSONAL NAMES
(.?

20I
11.

^ ,
Tapanis god.

,.

d. of Harthonis 648. 57. m. of Aur. Copreus 695. 9. m. of Aur. Sinthonis 716. 7. 634. 706. 5• ig; 768. . 761. ,

2fovrjpos

place-name) 766. 748. 9.
f.

\?\

8.

(.)

-

2685,

of Asiarchus 745. 3• See Index VI (a). . gymnasiarch 665. I, 28. silversmith 653. 15, 23. 'A\f^av8p(ias 638. lO. 642. 3 I f. of Aur. Diogenes 627. 5. . of Pausiris 648. 22. f. of Aur. Sarapion 705. i. f. of Sarapion (i) 641. 23; (2) 648. 44; (3)725.8. freedman of Demetrous 648. 51• Avp. 6 Koi . s. of Agathinus 631. i; 633. 2, 35; 636. i; 646. 8, 25; 689. i; 699. 3; 713. i. s. of ApoUonius 628. 5, 15, 22, [24]. s. of Athenaeus 648. 32. s. of Heraclides 724. 26. s. of Petermouthius 747. 70. s. of Petosorapis 648. 38, 46-7, 58. 6 . s. of Sarapion 725. 7. Avp. . s. of Sarapion 705. i, 23. s. of Sarapion (i) 641. 22; (2) 641. 22; (3)648. 43; (4)725. 7. s. of Tachois 687. 5. s. of Trophimus 648. 16. s. of Zoilus 633. 9. Avp. . (i) 699. I (2) 726. 10. 659. 46, 52, 54, 62, 104 756. 1,13; 772. I.
f.

,. ^,
.
;
;

..

679.

751.

. . .
See
I,

of Isidora 649.
Cf.

3°•

I.

.

.

6

\
2,

716.

\, 2 2.
S.

I,
i
;

1

9.

.

631.

I
I

633.

35
;

;

636.

;

of AgathinuS 646. 8, 25 ;

689.
s. S.

699.
.

3

713.

.
7. 6.

,.'
Demetrius 703.
s.

708. 25; (2) 771. 659. 109, 127; 663. 9; 669. 17; 735. 8; 762. 4; 769. 10.
(i)

..

of Diodorus 747. 1 of 633.
.
.

15•

679.

6 . 637. 738. 2; 765. i8, 23. slave 638. 6.


f.

747.

'Jl.

. agOranomUS,

S.

of

.

of the preceding 703. 9.

)

6.

Avp. . d. of Thonius 716. 7. m. of Aur. Aphous 638. i. m. of Cronion 686. 3.
.

{}) 677.
668.
f.

13.
6.

of Aur. Heraclides 626.
4.

8()
[12].

s.

of Ammonius 726. 9. of Ptolemaeus 635.
of Aur.

3, [8],

[10],
i,

f.

Diogencs 697.

40,

;

47.

;

..

(/?)
f.

636. II.

630.

1 8.

d. of

Tausorapis 706.

Kpovois

\ . . of Ammonius

[7], 10.

725.

. ,.

f. of Apunchis 745. 7. 745. 28. of Od( ) {?) 765. 17. f. of Aur. Copreus 695. 8. Avp. . s. of Dionysius 695.

5.
;

725. 14.

(i)
I, 14.

668. 36; (2)728. 12

(3)763.

. .

senator 634. 4? [24]• S. of Psenamounis 638.

V^l

d.

[14], 17, 23, 37•
s.

of Zoilus 719. I. f. of ApoUonius 639. 27.
1 8.

s.

of Zoilus 648. 4, 18, 37, 41-2, 46. of Zoilus surnamed Amois 648. 68. 17.

760.
s.

764.
f.
f.

of Apollonius 747. 62.

of

Choous 747.
I.

60.

751.

, ;

of Papnoutis 747. 4 1 716. 30. 663. 6.
Avp.

. ex-gymnasiatch 636. 678. 23,

10.

202

,
2, [6],

INDICES

679. 20,

..

d.

of Psenamounis 638.
d.

I,

pyvo 768•

684.

2 2.

12.

i6, 19, [25], 33.

17

[.]5

of Zoilus 648.
[i], 4.

17•

. of Aur. Aret 638.
d.

afps

/^
5.

of Sinthonis 638. 6. 771. 6. m. of Aur. Peloius 631. 4. m. of Aur. Serenus also called Sarapion 631. i ; 636. 2.

,.
733.
3-

\ . 702.
.
S.

764.

5•

2 3•

659. 58. of

Theon 691.
663.

3.

648. 5•

5•

664.

, 9•

[. .]«(?)

750. m. of Aur. Antonius 689.
3.

.

,

670. 2 , 20. {) 628. II (2) 726. 2.
;

[5?] 700.

773. 45• Tavpis d. of Hiereus (?)

[.],5
17•
d.

689. 7. m. of Aur. Ptolemaeus 631. 3. m. of Sarapous 706. 8, II. 725. 22. m. of Sarapion 687. 6.

' '. ,..
.
747.
S.

.

praefect 662. 10.
2.

COnsul 712. COnSUl 716. . Optio 712. 3• 676. , 43•

See

6.

(.
712.
4•

of

Theon

{?)

671. 17-

.

d.

ofZoiluS 648.

TepevTios

f.

of Zoilus 648. 58. of Demetrous 687. 2,

4.

Terfvpis

!,
Tex[

725. 21.
Avp. T. d. of Dionysius
19.
6.
(?)

695.

5.

679.

m. of Aur. Plution 709.
733.

.
.

.

, )
699-7•
762.

..
(1.

697.

12.

f.

677. 6. of Ammonius 745.
also called

1 1. S.

.

of Heraclam5.

710.

mon

Agathodaemon 694.

int.

Aip. X. 689. 52.

-, .
772.
3.

631. 39•
6
S.

of Hera-

clides

(

TtTOs

?)

^

697. 2, 40. 684. I. m. of Lucius 647. 6. 634. 3, 663. 1 1 4• 720. 6. . of Sarapion 648. 16. f. of Ptolemaeus 692. 7. TJl. I.
,

[)

(

659. 66; 726. 11. 728. 5. 668. I. Xeoiy s. of Onouthis (?) 747. 19• s. of Harpaesis 747. 25. (i) 670. I, 35; (2) 670. 27.
135. 7• of Aur. Alois 626. i. f. of Aur. Papnoutis 716. 28. s. of Sarmates 747. 60. 678. 25 777. 2.
f.

1 3.

{)

, ,
s.

f.

of Phatres 648. 10. of Phatres 648. 9.

.
704.

(.
S.

^
;

slave

648.

slave

648.

12.

637. 32.

of Pausiris 638.

,
10.

3•

.

COnSUl 643. 19;
praefect 654. 11.

24; 705. 22.

.

",

747. 6. (place-name?) 685.

\ . 701.

4•

IV.
Qpfiy 757. I, 30. Avp.

PERSONAL NAMES
64:8. 2

303

£1,

.
;

S.

of Vaiia-

3;

nus 642. 4, 12, 19, 49. (i) 659. 6, 69 (2) 670. 27. gymnasiarch 664. 14. f. of Apion 692. i. f. of Platonis also called Ophelia 647.
2; 721. I. s. of Amois 687. M. Avp. s, of

"!

,

684. 2; 727. 7-8; 669. 738. 747. 67; 757. , ^; 766. 19; 770. 1 8, 19 (monogram). f. of Antas 637. 31 f. of Castor 747. 66.

;

,

f.

s.
s.

.

3.

M. Aur. Apollonius

645.
s.

4, 15, 19.

(,
I,

.'. 699.
I.

s.

of Pausiris 747. 30. of Anempeus 686. 3. of Komoapis 747. 21. of Pettiris 699. 7.
I.

.

d. of

647.

^
Tios

Panes 747. 49. Avp. s. of Thonis 715.
of

.

8: 721.

i,

24.

Avp. 'Q. 771. 1,14.

. 631.

39.

]^8 priest of Alexander
GEOGRAPHICAL.

(.?)

723.

V.
[a)

Countries, Nomes, Toparchies, Cities.
659. 86, 99
1
>

€ ^ ' ^
681.
6.
; ;

643. 2. 646. 4; 681. 19; 722.
;

.

Alyvn-

€ /
3;
I/0/XOS

747. 46•

8

723.
6.
(lOpo'f)

628. 3 ; 629. 4 635. [2] 644. 2 ; 638. 1 1 644. 2 ; 652 {a). 8 666. 3, 9; 670. 8, 17; 723. [3]; 775. 8. 660. 2. 643. 6 678. 4• 646. 5 ; 724. 3°• 634. 2 722. 4• 645. 7. 664. 2 . (vo/xoy) 664. 1 8. 666. 2; 773. 1 1, 14• 719. 3• 685. 2. 634. 2, [22]; 648. 21. 746. . 626. 7• 'EXeu^epaTToXts 722. 3• w/ios 637. 12; 659. 125, 129. 724. 5• . 653. 4• 708. 3• 728. 4 7^9• 6.
; ;

. .

// () ()
M<ce/ 628.
5
;

"7

.
;

774. 666. 8,

5•

II.

697.
8.

9• 8.

667.

'- . 708.
^.] 660.
,
7
;

8.

749.

2.

;

. 650. , 750. 14( = Oxyrhynchus) 659.
725.
6,

635. 3 644. 19; 650 (),
;

723.

8.

9 (?)

10.

() () ()

659.
749.
3•

/?

,
5• 3•

724. 746. 12.
;

&C.

/«3/7?

£

>?

;

?
.

630. 13; 633. 1 1, 23; 634. 25; 637. [2], 20, [27•']; 659. 20- 662. 6, 14; 699. 2 704. 7 708. 3 773. 25.
;
;

;

630. 3 694. 8.
[27.?];

;

741. 726.

"•

647. 7
;

>"

() ».
628. 5
;

;

eVi efji/SPjai'

/ios
;

629. 4
3•

773. 24. 635. [2]

;

649. 4

;

663.

634. 3, 25 637. 12, 20, 663 13; 642. 2; 659. 666. 26; 678.5; 699. 2; 704. 7; 773. 643. . 634. 4 ; 637. 5 643. 4 662. 3 ; 697. 2 703. 2 712. 6. . 627. 4 631.

{)

2

;

'

;

.

;

;

;

1

204

INDICES
8
;

I, 4; 632. 5; 633. 4; 645. 5; 691. 4; 693. 3; 694. 4; 695. 7; 705. 2; 711.

695.

9,

3

;

696. 4

;

697.
3,

5, 8

2; 701. 5,

..

2; 712. 14; 713. 2; 714. 2; 716. 8; 718. I, 19; 722. 5.

715. 2;

708.

,.
;
',

,, '
;
;

628. 4 629. 4 635. [2] 636. 2; 639. 4; 644. 3 647. 3; 648. 66; 687. 2; 688.3; 689. 3 692. 2; 696. 2 705. 5 706. [3], 8, [14] ; 709. Cf. ^r 3, 7; 719. 5; ^721. 2; 723. 5•
;

.; '.—
6,
[

5

' ' ' '
21.

[9], II, 12,

715. 6; 721. 4• 724. 23, 27, 3°; 725. 20. 637. 8. 659. 103, 43• 714. 3• 634. 2, 649. 6.

[ ]; 703. 6; 714. 5;

5,

;

;

698. 706.

-

658. .

;

'.

nepo•?;?

\65 ? ]
685.
5•

724. 7• 628. 7 629. 6
;

,
;

722. 3• 768. 5• 635.
[32].

[6].

*/
;

639.

;

27.

.

. 652
692.
2
.

().

28; 659. 747. ; 659. 86, 99 747. 46• 659. 119; 704.

. 637. . 659. 46,

6

(=

Oxyrhynchus) 627. 6

;

632.

7

J

[7]; 747. 747. 1439;
(?

634. [5]; 636. 10, 11; 637. 4 (?)- 24; 639. 9; 642. 31; 644. 15; 648. 52; 649. 8, 10 672. 1 687. 5, 6 ; 693. 6,
; ;

)

5• /30 . 659. €»7 . 659. 6,
739.
4•

,

j

33. [45];

85;

747.

(?)

Villages,

,.
J/1

Xaipeov

749.

3> 6, 8,

'hhaiov 747. 29.

^
(

()

Oxyrhynchite nome.

. €[.]

685.

5•

? *'

/ " ' ".
637. 28.

/( ^ ( {
({?)
659.
1 6.

659. 4• 637. 33 637. 29. ) 659. 27. 720. 2. 735. 6. 747. 52• 659. 15, 23• 659. 3• 747. 2 0. 659. 75•
747.

{{^^^"))'>

.

659. 42. 637. 28.

659. 103. ?) 659. 35• 659. 2 2. KfpKeipa 659. 69; 747. 42. Kea/ioi^iy 659. 9 ) 9^•

( . ((
;

'/
55•

735. 2 747. 53• 659. 7, 3°;

689.

8,

II,

35»

;)((/?)

6.

.) .) .)

659. 55> 59; 747. 37• 659. 89, gS. 659. 107. 659. 62. .

^
724.
13.
/os)

(
/()
(fvv

659. 21, 29. 747. 55• 659.

3.

(?not Oxy.) 637. 27
1 3,

;

659. 65, 84. Ilayya 687.

659.

,
21.

112;

747.57;

( /

674. 1 8. 687. 8. 659. II, 28. 747. 7 . eVoiK. 659. 68. 685. g, 629. 8 633. 637. 31 646. ; 725. 5• 29, 3; 659. 41 ; 699. 2, 747. 35; 748. , 3• ... 659. 63. 648. 35, 39 ; 659. 88, 94• 626. 3; 747. 1 8. 659. 87, 95 747. 48.

.

(.
;

;

;

,

!

659. 66.

659.

72, 82.

V.

GEOGRAPHICAL
;


/

659. 4o; 672. 12
748.

Cf. 'AwtTTepa
8.

'\\

.

;

725. 11

747. 22.

688.

.

( ?
/
T^tf
{?)

205
;

659. 49 747. 33• 659. ^0 747. 4°•
',

659. 57• 659. 39• 2fV€Kf\ev 659. 36. 659. 67, 8 1, 123," "724. 19• 638. 2, [7]; 659. 37; 691• 7J 747. 2. 726. 9• 659. 6 1. 2fvdpis 648. 36, 81. 747. 703. 1 636. 4, 7 700. ;

652 ((5). 659. 05,

,
14.

659. 76, 8 . 659. 109, 114; 747. 5• ; 1 18 686. 5, 7 692. 3, 7• 659. 64, 7^ 747. 44• 631. [], 6
; ;
;

;

/ /
/ »

Ten-oOif

;

;

" ' '' ( /: .
;
. .

659. 117 ; 704. 6; 747. 5°• 628. 9; 659. 9^» 97• 659. 13, 20, 128. 659. 02, 12 3659. 20, 659. 1 04. (? not OxV.) 674. 18. 659. 38 719.; 747.24; 748.
(2)

8,

. /^ ^
II.
[.]
.
.

648. 4• 648. 36, 40, 81. 747. 2 8. 659. 86, 93; 747. 659. 74» 79•
See

;(//€4 659.
659.
659.

»
9•

47•

.
747. 54•

54» 5^•

, 115;
7•
2,

5•
;

/ (^ )
Cf.
'liSiai»

659. 53; 688. 637. 20 659. 1
736.
5, 8,

?.

25; 724. 7; 726.

( .)
659. 52.

652 {),

659. 48; 747. 659.
;

6,

^.
113.

.

[.] 659.

71.

Other nomcs.
(Heimop.) 726.
.

(

'laielov

(Aphroditopolite) 746. (Aphrod.) 746. 7• (Small Oasis) 647, 7• (Hermopolite) 659. 12! ) (.? Hermop.) 637. 27; 724. 13. Aphrod.) 746. 6. ;

12.

(Aphrod.) 746. 9•
(Heracleopolite) 708. 3•
4•

;

(Aphrod.) 746.

(Thebaid.?) 773. (Aphrod.) 732. 9 (?)

21.

746.

8.

{
694. 12.
Cf. {g)

OF OXYRHYNCHUS.

695.
3•

1 4.

724.

- €(
id)

725.

8.

648. 23, 3' J 693. 678. 28. 634. 5, [25] 696. 6.
;

697. 9

){ ", .
)

( € ({) (
745.
int.

Xeyopei/of

". 687.

,

20.

745. 4• 745. 12. ) 745. 745. 23.

9•
745. 28.

,, (
•^ 745.

(
.

2

1

.

)

745. 28.
25.

. ((5 .
2 5.
)

687.

9» ^7•

[

745.
)

. . 687.
745.
int.

.

)

](

)

{

745.

;

;

2o6

INDICES
(^)

,

743.

5•

628. 724.

.
\ . 687.
3•
633. II.
1 4•

g.

NtK«i/opos

[— ]

724.

8,

686. MfyaXoi' 685.

8, 171

. 8, / ^
yJiKOvopos

\

[— ] .
int.

633. II. 687. 4•

751.

692.

7•

628. II. 685. 633. 13-

.

6.

'A^ijvaieuf 6

/ !
\ \ \
ayopavope'iov.
ayuifi

(/)

Tribes and Demes.

(Antinoe) 706. 7• (Alexandria) 707. 4•

.

2.

^
642. 43.

(Alex.) 645. 4

j

(Antin.) 706. 5• (Antin.) 685.

627.

7

.
eic.

^) Streets, Buildings,
ayopa 654. 8(?); 708. 8.

See Index VII.
o.
;

706. [12]. 628. 8 ; 629. 7
741. 28.

644.

8.

. 81 . ^ . / €
•)/6'.
See Index XII.

648.
654.

6.
649.
7•
(?).

(?).

.

-

:

See See Index VII. 773. 4°• Cf. (f) 748. 5• 648. 55; 696• [] 701. 634. 6, 8; 697. 13; 698. [6], g

.

,

5

.

634. 25 724. 6; 725.

6.

.

^.
.
(a)

699. 8 700. 4• 678. 30• See Index VII.
;

,

RELIGION.
Gods.

628. 8 629. 7 644. 8. 635. 723. . ^eos(i) pagan: 680. 3 683.14; 763. 11; 683. 773. 4• ««^P'os^ ^• 670. 5; 678. 3; . 775. 4• ^«' 666. 5. 760. 15; 766. 8. 664. 5•
; ;
*,

.

{)
Oeos,

5

..
660.
int.

Cf.

and Index
660.

I.

(2) Christian

:

{{€0); 682.

6.
int.;

(Christian)

774.

3.

Cf.

(6 .
;

;

677. 3

;

755. 4

761. 5

670. 5• 769. 5•
;

'. .

.

758.

7•

'. '. . , .

() Temples.
iepoi»
1

See Index V {. 2). See Index V {6. ). See Index (c). Upbv 627. 12, 1 8. See Index V [L i, 2).

699.
I.

8.

itpov

pelov (^or

V

.

/.
8.

=

-/

See Index 683. I p. 755. 3.

'
V (^. i,

-)

627. 12,

639. II.
2).

639.

4, [9], IQ.

FI.

RELIGION

207

' .
Upua 765.

(c)

Priestly Titles, etc.
ifponoios
(6poi.
t.

666. l6. See Index VII.

19, 28.

Upivs 723. [2].

/
tfpa

664. 20. (yij) 744. int. i. 662. 1 4• 755.

691.
3•

2.

697. 4

;

703. 8

;

705.

^
72L

.
648. 66
4,
;

OFFICIAL TITLES.
;

.

706.

4,

[ 4]

709. 5

;

. . (

642. 703.

[14]» 20,

3,

45' 52•

.

654. 7See 642. 38. 642. [6], 8, 22, 24, 35> 46, 52654. 9• dpxtepareUCTny 662. 1 8; 694. 7, 4° J 6^7. 627. 8(.?). 639. 20. 638. II ; 642. 3•

.
626.

. (2 75) 633. 6. 66L I, II.
662. IQ• See 749. , 5, 626. 27.

' .
7•
((5).

(local dioec.)

652

2; 660.

^ ,
635.
14.

5,

1°•

*•

C^wv

6, 9, II» 13•

.

669. 1 6. 642. 32• 680. 3•
706.
651.
1

716.
4•

5•

709.

5•

8.

.

628. 21

;

644. 26.

II, 13-

649.
654.

(.'').

.
3(?)•

.
634.
2
(.'').

724. 3°• 634. [2], 21 ; 637• 8. 637. 654. 7• "7•

.

712.
5,"

663.
632. 5 634. 4' [24] 637. 8 646. 4; 662. 2, 8; 685. 2; 693. 3) 697. 2, 5 703. 2, 3650. 13, 3° 650 (?). 6; 651. 6. 642. 3^) 32 (?)• . 663. 5• . 7' 663. 3• 724. 6 725. 6, II 692. 632. 4 636. (.?); 724. 3. 665. 28; 662. 2; 664. 1 3, 693. 2; 726. 3; 762. 15. 626. 3) 8, 12, 1 4, 1 8.
;

77//
17.

5

;

;

>

'

;

.

5

,
8

;

;

. ,
«ptT/fy

^ ^?^ ,. .
642.
1

6, 17, 2 7,

^

[48]

^

;

667.

668.

646. 4• 654. II. 6 (246) 662. 9• (257^9) 637. 9• (289) 642.
712.
3•

..
.

. 666. 3•

(150-1)

.

.

3•

Cf.

670.

.

722.

.

663. 5•
5•

671. 3•

633. 663.

8.

5•

/?

See Index XII. . 635. 645. 4 703. 4• 703. 3• 637. [9]• 724. 7• 627.
j

.

208

INDICES

,8 ^ €
626.
5•

!

627.

6.

.
4.

.
Cf.

630.

1

4

,"

642. 42

;

663. 13

;

718

.
.
(?).
;

(246) 662.

644^.

6;
3
6.

8

654.

78,

: (^) ,
8.

649. 5» -,[24]> 29. 654. 8 (?). '. 643. 3> 2 2. \lyvnTOv 646. 3• 659. 12 2.

.

659. [12], 3®;

86—7.

,8 €
633. 29
5.

(287) 690. 22.
5•

xmareia.

^?

QQ2. II. 632. 4• 662. 2 . 662. 3• 730. 4• 626. 21. 626. 9; 750. 669. 9•

12.

,' ^ ,
650.
Cf.

, \
12.

627.

. 633. 23 Index XII. 650. 7,25; 650 See Index 659. 125.

642. 3 1
3•

;

659.

.

(fl).

. 645.
?\

3•

712.

3•

.

635. 5• 627. 12.
6.

43-

627. Index V(/).

.

8evTepa

. 642.

664.

1 8.

;^6

627. II.

, ^,
651.
1 3.

VIII.

MILITARY TERMS.

6

.

711. 4•
i^yepo-

666.

6, II.

( ' ^^

,
vias

',,

631.

,

\.

.

6

?]

723.

8.
;

628. 6 3; 639. 2; 644. 5, 8. € . 635. [4j•

629.

5

j

635.

. .
666.
ovf

5> 6.

?]

712. 3•

646.
{g).

2.

\/

See Index

V

722.
651.

.

Cf.

9•
5•

666.

650

{).

7

;

705.

.

IX.

TRADES.

732 10; 735. 673. 29 653. 15» [23J• 655. . 754. 8. 753.
; ;

7•

€8( 669.

88
-^ €(

ETC.

652 {).
2
;

6 673.

;

{d). 6. 7•

777.

4•

673. 24• yfoCxof 631. II,

673. 3°• 732. , &C. ; 733. 669. 5•' 28. 650.

,

8.

^ 8

28; 653.
;

3, 12,

19; 689.
1 6.

691. 14 22; 690. II 747. 5^.
;

692.

1 1
;

679.

5>

, •
J

647. 12. 647. 8. 630. 5 ; 671. 1 1 746. 1 1 748. 764. 13; 776. 9• 758. II
;
;

-^

751. 2. 771. 754. 5•

773.

9•

660.

3» 8. 4•

;

726.

IX.

TRADES, ETC.
676.
(?)

209
8.

(5

676. 6. 675. 3771.

731.
6.
;

7,

.
/^;?

4•
764.
6. 6, 7,

;?? 652(5).
730.
5•

2; 738.

13-

See Index VII. 674. 9• 752. . 656. . 730. 4 748. 1,8,
;

,
KvLhiov

TTOtwXrijy

677.

671. 20

646.
752.
2.

674. 14, 17! 776. 20 753. 2.
;

{•)
13-

765.
4» 7•
1
.

2,

21,

3•

674.

.

661. 674.

.

WEIGHTS, MEASURES, COINS.
() Weights and Measures.
752. 3 770. 26. 631. 6. 653. 9, &C. 656. 9. 657. 2, ; 660. ]; 730. 2; 742. , &c. 753. 777. 7. 5 748. 4• 665. 6, 12; 736. , &c. (.?). (of bread) 655. 4) 6, 10. . 653. 7• • 640. 4 743. 8. . 743. . [. (?)] 639. 9• Cf. {b). 739. 1-5734. 7• 732. 2. |€;? 660. 6, 8 742. 3 753. 2, 4739. 1-6. oi-yKi'a 645. 7, 653. 8, &C. 705. 6 742. 9• 733. 2. 720. (.) 720. 5• <^'/''•

Cf. Index XII. 753. 3; 770. i6. 734. 15. apovpn 628. 9-1 1,13; 629. 8, 1 1 ; 630. [4] ; 633. 13-15; 635. [6]; 636. [9], 21, 24; 637. [19], 27-34; 638. [4], &c. 646. II, 12; 648. 35-6, 39,40; 685. 11, 13, 686. 8, 13, 17 687. 10, &c. 19, 23 689. 12, 55; 691.7, H, II ; 692.9; 704. 725. 5, 12, 13 8, 12, 4; 724. 8, &c. 745. i, &c. 743. I, &c. 628. 4, 17; 629. ii, 13; 631. 19, 22-3; 639. 6, 12, 25, 32; 640. 20; 650. 3, 20, 2 1 653. 7 660. 3 668. 7 674. 18; 680. 18; 686. 14; 687. 19;

'
7?7

\

;

;

6

;

[

;

;

8{^)
/.(

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

( ( €
,
634.
9,

689. 17-18; 731. 2, &c. 733. 74:3-6. passm 769. 11. 760. 8. B'lKos 638. 8. 645. 7, 17 653. 9, &c.
;

i,

&c.

;

, 7
?
int.

'

.
;

({?)

""

8(

]

;

;

?

;

ypa ()/)

;

htnKoKepapov 735. 5

720.

5.

655. 3; 675. II 754. 3•

'8
;

751.

3.

"'^^'

752.

3, 4.

;

734.

631. 19; 651.

;
.

760. 19; 776. 12. 735. 3• 645. 7) 1 7•

733. g; 735. 4; 735. 2, 7• y

(

3•

771.
'

4> 9•

Ake^ni'dpivoi

645.

"J.

^/
Coins.
15;
II
;

635. 7• 739. 6. 759. 672. 4•

Cf. {/.
;

760.

14•

(/;)

626. 15; 631. 8; 632. 17-18; 646. 645. 8, 17 &C.; 644. 25 12; 685. 15; 686. [15]; 687.24; 694.
; ;

700.7; 701. 713. 17; 715. 23; 718. 6, 7; 724.

6;

,

705.

2.-,;

708

4,
22,

6;

716.

,

24, 28,

33•

; ;

; ;

2IO

INDICES

744. 5; 774. 13; 777. 15. a. 636. ly; 696. lo; 697. 15; 698. 11; 699. 9; 700. 6; 701. 14;
711. 6

?

656.
7.

I,

&c.

;

729.

777.

729.
773. 19.

2.

634. [9]; 695. 23 707. 8; 714. 7.
6, 22.

.
3,

;

713. 6

(Se/ii.

,.
Katroi).
;

«.

/,
See
;

,
3,

&c.

;

730. 4-7
v.

;

713. 6

;

SC.

v.

773. 26.

702. 3
SC.

;

705. 8 653. 2,
;

iijmpior

€ -

655. 2, &c. 718. [6], 9, 16 753. 774. 14. Cr. 626. 12; 628. [i9j; 630. [9], 1416; 631. 18; 633. 18-21; 634. 9, 10, 17, [27]; 636. 18; 639. 13; 641. 10, 12, 24; 644. 26 ; 646. 12, 14, 31 ; 647. 27, 29, 32, 35; 648. 69; 650-2 (^). passim ; 654. 6 655. 7, 8 ; 656. 7, 9 659. 5, &c. 670. 15 672. 5, 20 675. 691. r, 4 ; 685. 15 ; 686. 15 ; 687. 25 12; 694. 16; 696. 10, 22; 697. 16, [43]; 698. [11]; 699. 10; 700. 7; 701. 14, 16-20; 702. [3]; 705. 9. 26; 707. 9, 10; 708. 12-13; 711. 7; 713. 8, 9; 719. ir ; 724. 22, 24, 28 ; 726-8. passim; 731. 6, &c. ; 733. i, &c. ; 737. 8, &c. 739. 7-9 ; 740. i, &c. ; 744. [3], 5 ; 748. 749. 3, 6, 8 764 recto, 3, &c. tokos 701. 18; 711. 1 4. 650 {a). 7 651. 7, 12, 14, 19 ; 659. 6, &c.; 727. 6; 748. 6, 7. 651. I, 5 ; 659. 6, &C. 683. 20 ; 775. I2. 673. 2 2 ; 711. 1,5 ; 760. 8. Cf. {a). . 634. 9. 701. 1 4•
;

5

;

.
;

(
'/
3, 6,

753. 3—5•

/3$• 651.

9, 17, i8 ; 654. 3, 7 ; 727. 7, &c. 731. 15, &c.; 737. 20, &c. ; 748. 3 (?).

653. I 8. 650. 29

650

(a). 2

;

727.

4. i^»,

;

;

;

;

;

20; 731. 14, 17; 737. 8. 765. 12. 626. i6; 630. 14,16; 632. 17-18, 22; 634. 10, 12, [17], 26; 645. 8, 13, 17; 652 {a). 4, 10; (i^). 4, 10, 11; 659. [23], &c. ; 670. 14; 683. i2(?); 695. 24; 700. 7; 701. [15]; 705. 9, 25; 708. 11,13; 711. 7 713. 7, 9 714. [8]; 715. 10, &c.; 716. 10, 24; 718. [6], 7.9, 16; 724. 33; 728. 13; 740. ii(?); 749.
; ;

;

;

-

;

Cf. {a). 9; 773. 19, 20. (sC. 655. 11 — 12 Tos) 729. 2. 650. II, &c. 651. i, 5, 15-16; 654. 4, 9; 659. 16, &c.; 727. 5; 739. 9; 748. 6. 650. 34 651. 3 659. 66, &c. 727. 3, &c. 737. 42 748. 3.
;

'!
; ;

(^-

;

;

;

670. II, 1 3. 628. [19J 639. 13 757. 659. 66, &C. 645. [17] ; 653. 17; 729. 2; 753.
;

:

-

[2],

4.
7.

[;^.]

^(8

645.

XI.

TAXES.

',
yevouf

650. 9j 27 650 {a). 5 763. 4• ifpol•' . 662. 4• 635. 1 1, 13.
;

;

651.

9•

651.

3.
;

,(
5,

650.
651.

23

650
3,

().

3•

650.
6.

3°•

650

(?).

6

;

. ('
704.

697. 34•

.

660. . 638. 29; 700.

(

636. 27, 32; 638. 14, 28; [5]. 686. [6]; 689. 691. 3• 634. 6; 696. 17 ; 697. 27; 698. [2]; 699. 19; 700. 15. 647. 45* See Index XII.

^
5•

2

;

671.

8;

633. 2 7 653. 5; 662. 13. 638. 28 ; 700. 704. [15J. ; 636. 28; 638. [28J 700. 19;
;

8

;

704.

15-

(
651.

XL
644. 25. 633. 24.
651.
2.
1 8.

TAXES

8€ ,

211
651.
8.

650.

6,

1

7,

24;

650 (), 3J

6»7

652 ().
650.

'
.

;(/€
5, 7, 9•^

,

3, «&C.

;

{b). 3,

&c.

2 8.

697. 33• 648. 37, 4^~2. 659. 24, &C. 756. 6.

659. &C. 659. 12 1. 659. &C.

,

,
;

652 ().

8

(^).

8

;

724. 32
12.

;

749.

pepos

750.

650. 659.

6, 33
1

03,

2

650 ().
3•

7; 651.

7•

, . €
TeXof

^ )
.

) . pepos 750.
;

2.

650. 17
659.

744.

3•

651.

.
(.''),

13•
4
j

652 (). 650 (). 7• 650 (). 5• 650 (). 4•
2 1
;

(^)• 4•

(<€ €. 647.
648. 37
J

45•

Cf.
;

628.

651. 4

697. 33•

.
;

64:8. 37, 4~"2.

697. 33•
653. 6. See Index XII. 650. 8, 26 650 (). 4• 650. 15, 32; 650 (). 6
;

«/3(^

.

651.

647. 44•

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS.
, 17; 633. , 9, 31 691. g ; 763. 766. 15; 767. 8; 769. , 1 2, 2; 774.
;

757. 1 4, 1 8. 666. 24; 758. 4; 766. 4• 689. 25. 640. 3 689. 30. dya^os 663. 5; 664. 8; 665. 8; 766. 14; 772. 2. 757. 20. ayyeioi/ 657. 8, 17 753. 3; 770. 16.
;

;

,

2, 17, 21.

(
VII.

;

631.

*
14, 15 Q)2
1
;

630.
;

(,

654. 8 708. 8. 654. 5 ; 683. 8; 767. 19; 775. 13.

,.
;
;

725.

7

;

734.

See Illdex

636. 6. 645. 4• 645. 1 1. 675. 4• 692. 2 2.
631. 32.

ayma 623. 8 629. 7 644. 8 706. [12]. 734. 1 5639. 8. 637. [2J; 644. 6; 649. 7 666. 8, 632. 23; 670.1; 673.19,26; 681. 25
;

;

;

697. 12. 633. , &C. 642. , g 644. 23; 647. 4; 648. 41; 649. 3, 7; 663. 8, 10; 666. , &C. 668. , 36; 678. g, 26 ; 679. 22 681. 2, 5, 3° 683. 2, 27 686.3; 701.7; 706. [10]; 712.9; 716. I ; 719. 9 721. 3 766. 8 757. 2, 30 767. 10; 769. 6, 10 770. 2 775. , 6, 12, 27; 776. I, 15; 777. 5, 8, 9, 6, 23. 628. 6. 639. 8 ; 640. 3 689. 30. «' 634. [5]; 636. 683. [6J; 638. 2. 22 24 (?) ; 696. 5 697. 7 698. [3J 703. 6 ; 766. 3626. 2; 638. 5, [37]• 672. 15 682. 4• 699. 6. 634. 5, [24] 648. 29 694. 13. 687. 12. 679. 26; 683. 23; 732. 4, 8; 771. 12; 773. 14627. 7; 634. [15J; 636. 34; 638.
; ; ; ;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

'

;

;

;

;

;

;

,
a

;

;

(/

1

212
[22], 24, 12, 21;

INDICES
732.6; 733. 12; 736.
18, 21; 737. 15; 741. 19, [24?], 29, 30; 748. 7; 756. 9 ; 758. 15; 765. 10; 771. g. 637. 28, 35(0• 644. 14.

30; 639. 15; 642. 25; 685. 686. 12; 689. 15; 696. 14; 697. 22, 31; 698. 17, [24]; 699.15; 700. 12, 25; 701. 8; 702. 8. 15; 704. 13, [21]; 705. 14; 713. 10; 717. 5. 638. 1 8. aipeais 630. 8, II, 15-17 654. 7• 673. 2 1 773. 643. 1 3 665. 5

'€!

/

I

&

668. 27.
731.
1 6.

°

^

674. 17.
;

;

;

;

20(.?).

718.

6.

666. 3• 712. []. 676. 22. 674. 3• a/cii/SuiOs 628. 19 632. [18]; 686. 631. 28 15; 687. [26]; 689.19; 691.12; 714. 6. 701. 9• 642. 6 (.?). 633. 1.5 634. 642. 48. 13; 635. 4. []; 648. 53 695. 17; 704. 9 716. 1 1. 680. 1 2 682. 1 663. 3 666. 762. 13 770. 24. 667. 3 673. 762. 5• 639. 6, 8 640. 4• 629. II, 12
;

644.

8;

689. 34 734. 5, 748. 5638. 15, 24 ; 642. 38
773. 33• d/xeXeli/ 665. 24 666. 21 9, 15; 777. 13, 18.

,
;

15

;

743. 2,9;
;

662. 8

770.
8

2.

;

^! «^
;

?
2
;

( ((
(.?
:

;

;

678.

4,

;

775.

758.

1

8.

627. 20. 666. 1 6.
721.
1

;

5

638. [ 9?]• 684. 5• 668. 1 8.
;

)

3.

a^otjSv

;

;

;

627. 5• 631. 7
631.
9,

637. [28]
;

;

692. 8

;

700.

;

;

.

6.
724. 14; 764. 19• 21, 29 692. 5, 20. 631. 6, 37 735. 7• 673. 29; 732. 648. 23, 3^; 693. 8; 694. 695. 14; 696. 6; 697.8; 724.3; 725.
>

;

:

(Ifpoipi'of

631.

2 1.

;

("

656. 1 8. 639. 17 644. 23; 716. 6, 25• 645. 3• 641. 6; 694. 20 695.28; 705.
;

;

;

/'
8.

Cf.

Index

V {.

12.

631. 3; 637. 648. 46, 57; 679.

;
;

2,

;

<^/5

^ \€
;

740. 8. 642. 40 680. 1 6. 650. 9> 27 650 {). 5 651. 9• 728. 8. 689. 689. 38. 631. 33 626. 634. [9]; 636. 6; 637. 647. 638. [2], 32 639. 689. 699. g 700. 5; 701. 5, 4; 698. 702. 2 705. 8 707. 8 717. 9• 13 628. 3, 2, 6; 629. 2, 630. [9 12, 15; 631. 27; 634. [17]; 635. [ 641. 5, 6, 8; 642 [9]; 638. 5, 9. 27 648. 45» 24; 644. 2, 9> 6; 645. 657. 18; 659. 47; 650. 2; 653. g 7, &C.; 662. 8; 673. 6; 677. 15; 678. 685. 4; 686. 11; 696. [18]; 7, 18; 697. 29; 698. 6, 9, 21; 699. 7» 16, [21]; 702. 9 704. 15, [18] 728. 15
;
; ;

.

;

;
;

;

;

2
;

;

;

( 8
Cf. fav.

691. 4 ; 696. 2, [6] 719. 1,3; 721. 15. 628. [24] ; 662. 21 ; 704. 13

[5]; 639. , 14; 685. 4; 689. 8; 703. g ; 716. 7
;

;

758. 13•

743. 2, [8], 678. 4 757. 15, 24. 631. 24 668. 24; 671.
'>

;

;
;
:

»

741.

685. 8.

;

;

712. 7 756. 3 762. 3 774. 4• 634. 2 2. 665. 14; 666. 6; 682. 8. 642. 36• 645. [13] ; 677. 4 713. 15 757. 770. 15 ; 773. 17. 12, 20
;
; ; ;

635. 8. 642. 4 1

?
2

;

9•

.

;

;

;

643. 7• 706. 20.
631.
1

;

;

;

3

;

692. 20.

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS

! ! ! /? €
;

659. 121. 630. 12; 639. lO; 651. 3; 698. [23]; 699. [22]; 700. 23; 729. 730. i; 731. 12, 23. 3, &c.

(.)

773. 32. 752. 2. 681. 6.

/

630. 1 3. 637. J 664. 13; 764. 10. 663. II 694. 29. 627. 630. 639. 28; 642. 26, 35' 42, 52; 681. 7; 765. 4•

^
;
; ;

213

;
;

776. II.

645.

6.

673. 23.

666. 12.
14•

628. 8. 706. ig ; 707. 647. 2 . 638. 3°; 672.
9•

/^ (
;

;

673.

8

;

€(€

757.

avbpiKOs

742.

8.
J

/•)/?;/
avepos

(8
768.
avfvpiaKfiv

716.
8.

717.

3•

4
GTrexeti'
;

683. 19; 684. 21. 765. 4 766. 4• 645. II. 626. 19 638. [15]- [25], 37• 666. 1 8. 631. 30 632. 21 (.?) 664. 6 ; 699. 4• 642. 3 1. 648. 52; 706. 5; 9' ^2; 747.
;

700. 1 7. 670. 7
;

678.
;

1

3

;

683.

9

5

761. 6.

638.

2 2,

24; 704.
;

3•

716.

.

avepxeaOai 678. II, 12

€/^
/^/

. . !
; ;

757. 9; 773. 12. 643. 9• 687. 3• 635. 14; 647. 23; 699. 6; 700. 725. 2 1. 3; 701. II See 637. 8; 648. 630. 13; 634. [6] 697. 89; 676. 12: 677. 13; 696. 25 ; 698. 19 ; 699. [8] 721. 5, 9. 8• 630. 7• 665. 2 677. 8, 9 ; 773. 34•
;

6

;

;

/
,

716.

1 7•

763. 4• 682. 5avTfpeiv 769. 9• '€;^«' 642. 39• 627. 19 635. 48; 678. 31 ; 731. 24

.
[];
;

. ( 25.
Cf.

634. 12 636. 18 645. 6; 646. g, 25; 677. 8; 696. [ r], 22; 697. 16, 42; 698. 12; 699. 11; 700. 8; 702. [4]; 705.9- 25; 707.10; 708. 13. 24; 715. 8. 24; 716. 9; 718. 2, 21 719. 6. 634. 6, 8 635. 7 636. 14 638. 648.55; 675.7; 696.8; 697. [8], II 698. 4, [6], 1, 8 699. 8 700. 4 701. [], [i3J 703. 11 724. 19. Cf. Index V {a) 724. g. 715. 713. 705. 8; 708. 644. 17; 717. 2. 17; 716. 20.
;

;

;

;

;

,
;
;

;

;

;

8

;

8

;

.

716.

5•

**•

646.

3•

,

5

642. 748. [12]

4,
;

8,
773.

[2]•
757. 6. 634. [],
3>

8(( 8€ 8(
;

20

;

648. 43' ^2,

( ( /
.
Cf.

91-2; 649.

6,

[25].

630. 3• 732. 12. 704. 1 642. 2 7, 29•
.

642.

1

5,
;

3^' 4^.

640. 5 > 713. 628. [2] ; 714. [?]. Index V ()
631. 31

.

.

8

634. [6] ; 696. - . 697. 24; 698. [19]; 699. 8. 648. 6. 684. 3• 643. 6 683. 24. 636. g; /at 631. 3°• 37; 632. 641. 639. 6, 13, 24; 640. []. 645. [9]; 668. 36; 670. 34; 25(i'); 676. 41; 678. 28; 681. 30; 683. 15, 689. 28. 49 691. 17 694. 21. 42 31 695. 26; 706. [18]; 711. g; 734. 12; 757. 30; 758. 21; 761. 17; 763. 14: 767. 28 ; 769. 20. 638. 15, 2520 673. 9', 713. 9; 665.

6;

2 2

;

;

,

;

;

;

;

714. [9].

1

;

214
716. 1 3• 631. i8; 705. (.''). 631.

INDICES
7,

12.

.

/
;

631. 626. ^; 630. 680. 5 682. 7 683. 7 ; 689. 24 691. 772. 3 773. 5 775. 5• 15 760. 12
; ; ;

;

2

See Index 683. 24669. 4• 655. .
731.
4•

().

;

;

;

;

673.

7;
2
.

646.
1

;

716. 12. 673. 24 762.
;

7•

anopos 746.

741. 2

1,

23
;

(?),

27.
; ;

anoareXXfiv 626. 27
;

^ /
'/

[

660. 4, 9' ^ 2 682, 3 684. 7, 25 713. 5; 750. 13 770. 2, 21, 26; 774. 6; 776. 3• 642. 2 643, 5 646. 23. 642. 8. 630. 1 7 632. 1 5 662. 1 4 {ifpov .); 686, 13; 687. ig, 24; 689. 17. 669, 4• 694. 2 8, 680. 7• (?) 642. 53• 632. 13; 634. 14; 653. 3; 698. 15; 704. 13.
;

. ,. ^ 8,
2
;

655.

;(/

;

5

;

;

,. (
See Index VII,

731. 9 731, 6.

(?)

;

744.

,

2, 4•

"^"

673. 29. 642. 38. 642. 1 6, &C.

;

729.

;

772.

5•

^/
;

741, 28,

645,

[4]
;

;

646,
^

15,
;

57

74, 83,

85-6
8,

715,

716.

2

5

48,
;

72,
;

717. 3

718. [9]; 719. 15.

633.
631. 765. 2

. , 629, ,

631.

;

692. 4•

12.

647. 40. 647. 38. 644. 14, 19 6^6734. 7• apyvpiov. See Index (/5). 653. 15, [23]•
>

9,

26; 719, 8

;

? .
;

See Index VII. 653. 2, 6, 22 ; 706. 7• 647. 4• 626. 2. 670. 20, 24 770. 29, 33• 630. II 666. 23-4 668, 30, 32; 676, 32, 34, 38 677. , 11,13-14; 678. 8; 679. 3, 8, 21-2, 28; 681. 24; 756. 758. 19 760. 761. 8, 757. 25 4 768. 12; 765. 6; 766. 13; 767. II ; 769. 12; 772. 2; 773. [35]• 633. 3• 634. 2, [22] 648. 2 1,
;
;

-

;

;

;

;

2

;

2

;

;

772.

.

639. 19• 680, II, 634. , [nj; 645. 14; 649.
;

15,

apt(9jaeZi'

699. II

apt^/xoi
3,

705. 645. 8;

.

;

700. 8
657. 9;

;

716, 9

;

718,

3.

26; 701, 15, [18], 701, g (.?) 771. 8. 701. g. 709. 5• 740. 2. See Index I, 638, 9• 641. 5 648. 29 ; 675. g 693. 9 694. 13; 695. 22; 696. 7, 10, 13, 22; 697. 8, 15, 20, [42], £47; 700. 2; 701, 724, 20, 4
;
;

734.

3,

9; 738.

684.
(1.

&C.

656. 21, apKabiov 656. 3• 636. 23 ; 638.

(9
7,

.
^

2, 34; 702. 2,

631.

2 0.

(). 631. 7• 673. 2 1 ; 728. 39•

See Index

656. 2. 692. 1 7. 634. 12; 636. 8;^696. 697. 6; 700.8; 702. 4; 705. 698.12; 699. g; 707. 10; 708. 13. 734. 1 3•

?^
2 2.

;

;

731.

.

638.
758.

708,

[3], 17^ 12.

26

;

647.

;

721.

6.

>
700.
16.

11.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK IVORDS

215

23;

668. 27; 698. 22; 699. [22] ; 704. [ig]; 705. 16; 707.
14•
;

:
/:<^«^(
)

€€

682.

663. 7 666. 702. 3) 7• 107. 6. 626. 6; 666. 773. 15. 731. 14 734.
,*

.

'
;

631. 13 692. 19• 692. 2 . 680. II 773. 33• 683. 27. 663. 14 753. 754. 777. 4•
;
;
;

;

8.

;
5•

668. 13; 748. 5;

658.

4•
2.

742.

632. II 701. 5• 634. 6, [8] 635. [7] 636. 1 4 ;^ 638. 648. 55: 696. -j, 8; 697."! 1, [8], 47 698. [6] 699. 7 700. 4 701..'. 703. II. 13 631. 32 689. 34• 631. 1 4 692. 1 8.
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

741. 2 8. 631. 15 674.
;

4•

631. 20. 673. 2 4•

684. 681. 5•
jSapeii/

5; 9•

677. 8. 701.
1.

1

6

711. II.

. ^
723.

628.

629. i; 635. i; 644.

i;

/^/.
16
;

14.

See Index I. yij 634. [16] ,i. 687. 1 1 697. 26 698. 19 699. 19 TO . 628. 21 ; 644. 2 6.
; ; ;

;
;

696. 700.

. (
;; [],

630. II 633. 5 634. 2 2 665. 17; 666. 5. 7- 15: 678. 8; 680. 17; 681. 17; 713. 13; 767. 19. See Index VII. 669. 6. 675. 1 1 ; 734. {?). 746. 2.
;
;

;

,

686. 5. 686. .
657.
4•

635. II, 13. 705. 1 1. 657. 5. 648. 6 I. 648. 34, 6l. /ie^atoi 633. 26, 3o(.?);

^
12.

634. [16]; 635.

636.21; 696.15; 697.23; 698. [18]; 699. [17]; 700. 13; 702. 11;
[13]
;

'

704. [17]; 705. 15. 631. 28; 632. 19; 638. 26; 641. 8, 12; 689. 26; 691. [16]: 694. 17; 695. 25; 696. 23, 44; 705. 26; 707. 638. 27; 641.9; 696.15; 697.24,44; 698. 18; 699.18; 700. 14 702. [13J; 704.17; 705.10; 707. 12; 708. 15-16.

634. |i6];

636. 26;

701. 20. 646. II 668. 22, 28; 673. 8, 25; 676. 13, 26: 679. 2; 680. 5- [9]. 12; 683. 13; 762. 2; 765. 1 1, 14; 766. 1-•; 767. 769.9; 770. [8], 13, 775. 923, 26; 772. 4 759. 9• (2nd decl.i 656. 4; 727. 3> ^; 760. 14. (srd dr-cl.) 770. 27. ye 663. 4 680. [17]• 704. 9 (•')• 6/634. [6]. 7; 635. [7] 636.13; 638. 8. 648. 54: 675. 9; 696. ; 697. 698. 5'^; 699.7; 700-3; 701.
;

,

,

:
;

;

:

, •€

;

12.
.

651. 13.

630. [15].

.
654.
7•

649.
634. [25

(?).

.

.^J.

638. 8. 635. 1 1 ; 643. 664. 1 6.

3,

22

;

644. 13

;

645. 6

;

( € 8

676. 1 632. 9

;

692. 24(.'); 728. 662. 20.
;

13•

650. 5> 23 650 (?). 3• e^S. 15; 699. [2oJ; 735. 2, 7. 631. II, 28; 653. 3. ^2, 19; 689. 691. 14; 692. 6. 22; 690. II 747. 5^• 647. 12 737. , 5• 7 (•^)•
; ;

;

2l6
yepbios

INDICES
(?)

yevos

647. 8. 675. I

ypaaTis 756. II.
2.

ytepa

628. 13; 685. 14, 23; 686. 14;
;

631. 39

687. 16; 691. 7. 719. 8. yemp'yeii' 646. II, 28 yipyia 634. [16] 696. 1 6 697. 25 698. 19; 699. 19; 700. 14; 764. 15. yewpyof 630. 5; 671. II ; 746. 11; 748. 11; 758. 11; 764. 13; 776. 9. y?, 628. 18, [23]; 637. [15]; 650. 12 (.?) 686. 16 ; 689. 20, 49 691. 13 724. 8. 634. [i6] 696. 16 697. 26 y. 698. 19; 699. 19; 700. 14. y. . iepa 744. 633. 12; 636. 14; 686.6. 634. 635. 6. y. int. y. [i6]; 696.17; 698.19; 699.19; 700.
; ;

;

;

;

;

;

;

yi{y)veaeai

630. 13; 631. 32; 634. 2, [3J, 636. 38 637. 2, 8 638. 17, [26]; 639. 31; 640. 7; 642. 3, 27; 644. 6; 645. 2, 3; 646. 4; 649. 26; 651. 7, II, 14; 653. 5; 655. 11; 666. 667. 6; 672. 6, 8; 674. 12, 17, 16, 21 19; 677. 9; 679. 14; 680.8; 681. 14; 682. 10; 686. 14; 687. 16; 689. 25; 693. 2; 695.18,24,29; 697.35; 698. 26; 701. 15; 704. 22; 706. 14; 708. 13;
fii], 21
;

;

;

yvpaiKftos

,.
;

626. 22, 20; 627. 2 7, 29; 628. 3; 633. 15 ; 635. 2 636. 33, 45 638. 30, 36, 39; 639. n, 27 ; 640. 10; 641. II 644. 3 645. 19 654. 3 660. int.; 666. 4, 19; 669. 3; 671. 18-19, 22; 672. 9; 676. 7; 677. 8; 678. 12, 14, 16-18; 679. 13,23; 684. 14; 689.53; 695. 31 696. 18, [24] 697. 29; 698. 23; 700. 24; 702. 14, 18; 704. 20; 705. 18; 708. 18, 25; 711. 19; 713. 19; 715.17; 716.20,28,30; 718. [9]; 723.4; 757. 5, 6, 19; 765. 5,9; 767. 15; 768. 5; 769. 6, 10; 770. 10, II, 13; 774. 7. 724. 6 725. 6, lo.
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

:

715. 9
1

;

741.

i.

636.

4.

See Index VII.

742.
;

6.

•^ 642. 55

649.6; 683. 15-16; 715.7;

716. 6; 720. i. 631. 1 1 (.').

;

y{y€v
681.

716. 18; 717. 9; 724. 12; 728. 7, 18; 731. 5, II, 23; 733. I, 13, 15; 745. 17; 753. 5; 758. 18; 764. 15; 771. 3; 773. 20, 27, 37 (.?). 669. 6 673. 10 680. 17 682. 756. 3 ; 770. 6 773. 5. 6 ; 683. 8 768. 2. 767. 26 yXvKVTaros 676. 2
711. 15; 713. 9;
5,
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

I

2.

yvp(v 643. 8. yos 773. 4.
1

734. 2. 634. 19; 644. 14, 17; 726. 7, 10. 8avelC(iv 634. 18 ; 648. 69. 628. i6; 630. [6]; 654. i; 671. 13; 704. 19; 705. 17; 707. 17; 728. 9, 17; 733. 3, 10, 11; 744. 14; 752. 2. Sftv 631. 10, 15; 672. 10; 678. 10. 630. 8; 631. 30; 643. I2. Seoircos 632. 642. 43; 666. 7; 679. 23; 14. 692. 14; 762. 5, lo. 755. 2. 656. 9, 1 4. 694. 26. 626. 3, 8, 12, 14, l8.
bavfiov

8

8(

''

/ ^

yovfvs

ypa
;

704. 9. 626. 26; 627. 28; 631. 40; 636. 46 638. 30, 36, 39 639. 29 640. 10 642. 2; 645. 20; 666. 17; 682. 3; 683. 8; 689. 54; 696. 24; 704. [20]; 708. 26; 713. 12, 17-18; 716. 20, 28; 760. 2 766. 5 767. 3 ; 770. 717. 4 16; 773. 18. Cf. Index X {a). ypaa€s 642. 31 650. 13, 30 650(a). Cf. Index X {a). 651. 6. 6 697. 34• 645. I3 712. ; 716. 12, I 8, 26. ypanrov 756. 3.
; ;
; ; ;
;

(
€5
631.

671. 741.

3. 5,

5•

684.

13•
2. 3•

14:4:.

,

671.
9•

;

;

8( (€6 €(

;

(
768.

775. 4• Cf. Index I. 708. 642. 43 757. 4 760.

.

>'

,*

;

765. 7

;

3;

;

656. 773. 24 CO• 760.

683.

.

^ 8\

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS
704.
7•

664. 6. 630. [5], i6; 637. 20, 27; 638. 3, 17; 640. 21; 644. 17; 657. 18; 665. 16; 668. 9, 14; 669. [16]; 673. 17; 677. 7, 10; 680. 6, 10; 684. 18; 706. 20; 725. 9; 734. 7; 757. 11, 24; 763. 3, 5; 766. 11; 767. 20; 774. 11. 683. 25. 633. 37. 638. [3]; 689. 32; 697. 3• '^ .

\//^ 648. 5 .

(
;
;

217
7•

640.
5•

673.

;«'
Cf.

641. 13 712. Index XI. .
;

8.

636. 27, 32.

699.
1 1,

2;

700. 6.

^
9, 14-

647. 19) 42> 47• 628. 13; 637. 666. 13; 668. 676. 5; 677. 6; 683. 17, 2, 24, 6, 746. 2 756. 8 ; 769. 1 ; 28 729. ; 770. 17, 28; 772. 4, 5; 773. 8; 777.

;

;

636. 29

;

701. 28.

1\.
;

1

3•

/
.

649. (?). . 634. 6, 8; 697. 699. 8; 700. 4• .
Xo'yoi
;

^eVpoi/

. »
(/

700. 8; 704. [5]. . 633. 23 642. 31 659. 5• 636. 34 698. 24 3 700. 25 702. 15; 704. [2 ]; 717.6; 724.33• 636. 37 638. 31 648. 68; 698. [26]; 702. 17; 704. [22]; 717. 9. See Index (3).
;

^
>"

653. 7• 13; 698. 5,

.
9',

638. 29;

631. 14; 692. 8. 631. g 689. 36 ; 760. 636. 7; 695. 19; 704. [], 637. 7 ; 638. [2] ; 714. 4•

7•

.

('

;

;

J

(

648. 66. 639. 6; 641. 6; 698. 23; 699. [22]; 700. 24; 704. 19; 705. 17.
737. 15636. 8; 688. 13 ; 701. 642. 51 ; 672. 9; 696.
)

665.

2 5-

663.4; 664. 3, 16-17; 665.27; 666. 22; 668. 34; 679. 17; 766. 1 1. 633. 2 2 639. 4• 639. ^. 662. 1 9675. 5•
;

/

^
631.

;.

697.

8;

699. 12. 638. 22; 700.

12.

633. 8. 633. 6; 661. , 663. 5• 735. 5 751. 3• 720. 5; 752. 3, 4', 760. 3•

;

>

€631.

^ ^ ! €\
765. 13729.

704. 8. 648. 53; 649. [6]; 701. 6; 721. 726. 8. 13; 725. 21 8; 638. [6]; 764. 13. 648. 43 J 695. 18. 725. 4• 762. 8. 642. 42. 657. 15; 713. II 764. 6;
;
;

703. 12. 642. 2 4 (i*). 626. 22; 636. 33 638. 30; 640. 10; 695. 31 697.29; 704. 20; 711. 18; 717. 5; 718. 10; 724. 22, 24, 28, 33•
J ;

4•

673.
1 1

9•

€ '
.
8;

700. 4• 638. [6J; 642. 32; 665. 25; 673. 22; 678. 12-13, ^5• 665. 23. 648. 6. 632. 20 694. 2 2 713. .
;
;

711. 4•

642. 3; 716. 4; 722. 3; 692. 1 9• 750. 8. 630. 17. 648. 82 (.?). 725. 7•
631.

.

647. 648. 6; 706. 13. 638. 5> n, 4> [2], 35• 643. 7 648. See Indcx ().
;

;

.

701.

8;
6
;

711.

4•

652 ().

{/). 6.

afv

671.

9•
1

701. 6; 721. 626. 21 662. 682. 1 5.
;

6.

2;

754.

6.

.

668. 22; 673. 8; 678. 763. 6; 773. 32. 760. 6. See Index ().

;

760.

2l8
bvais

INDICES
647.
641.
2 1.

5•

eav

(

=

24, 3o;

,' 634. []; 636. 34 638. [22], 639.13-14; 641.14; 642.41;
;

644. 25; 665. 17, 23; 685. 12, 2r; 686. 12; 689. 14; 694. 26, 28; 696. 14; 697. 22, 31; 698. 17, [24]; 699. 15; 700. 12, 25; 702. 8, 15; 704. 10, [21]; 705. 7, 12, 14; 717. 5; 757. 11; 769. 6, 8. eai- 672. 12. eai'ToD 637. 9; 642. 5, l8, 20, 48, [50], 55; 648. 17; 649. [6]; 663. 6; 682. 12 689. 41 704. 19 706. [6 ?] 707. 17. 634, 14 638. 34 (.-'). i'yyoiOj 700. 10; 704. 12. 638. i8, 27, 34; 702. 14. 634. I 645. 11 695. 18. 626. 2 (.?) 630. i8; 683, 10. 626. 3. eyyuof 639. 12. eyKaXeli' 634. [18]; 635. [12]; 644. 9, 10;

684. 16. 643. 1 1. 662. I 9. eis 675. II. eti 626. 9 630. 9 635. 5, &c. 634. 12; ^' er 724. 2. 636. 9 668. 20. fiaay-yeXXeti' 627. lO. eloepxeaOai 668. 2 1 670. 1 7. elauvai 638. 29; 700. 20, 22; 711. 10. 638. 9 641. 5 648. 30.
iiW/)
eipyeiv

'
;
;

;

;

6

;

;

;

641.

4.

()
;

elra

'

681. 1 6. eiTe678. 15, 17-18.

;

;

;

',/

( (
€-y((X6teii'

;

€(

628, 13 629. lo; 631, 7; 639. 12; 670.4; 685. 13, 23; 711. 15; 713. 12; 753. 3; 761. 3; 769. 4; 770. 9; 775. 3.
;

eKi'irepos

;

;

;

(
e/cfiita

631. 14 634. 2; 638. 30; 20; 706. 10; 717. 4.
;

704.

637.

.

640.

5

;

743.

8.

716. 14-15, 24-5.

641. 7• «yoi/oi 635. [8]; 636. 20; 638. 22, [24], 696. 12; 697. 19; 698. [14] ; 699. 13 702. [5]; 705. 13.
;

( -/
'
'.
29.
eifioy

iyK€\fvais

637. 9. 673. 3, 7, II. 734. 6. 634. 25 (?).

680.
683.
[3],

12.

^Vwiifi" 631. 13; 766. 10.
epivav
1

7.

642. 1 3. 668. 26; 673. 8. eKdidovat 627. 21 ; 643. 14 645, [14]. 643. 13. 647. 45• 669. 2 ; 673. 7. cW 637. 20; 642. 40; 674. 12, 19; 773.

8
646. 29;
12.

eKBexeaOai

;

630.
See

[s];

690. 22;

700. 17; 719. 11; 758.
deXetv.

edeXeiv.

Wos 666. 18.; 714. 3. eidevai 642. 55; 670. 16; 671. 7, 15; 672. 9; 678. 5 ; 683. 13; 689. 54; 762. 7; 769. 9; 770. 20; 772. 3; 773. 29; 777. 5. el. 626. 20; 627. 27; 631. 40; 636. [46]; 638. 36, 39; 645. 20; 689. 54; 696. 24; 708. 26: 716.
657. 12 ; 678. 6; 696. 17; 697.27; 698. [20]; 699.19; 700.

634. 16;

( ( € / €
15•

i<fivos 64:2. 35, 42, 55.

642. 21, 32, 51. 642. 27. eKKpoveiv 748. 4. 642. 14, 45.

4\(
e/cXeKTO?

631. 24.
;

654. 1 2. 648. 79; 649. 649. [14]) [2], 24, [28]. 705. 14. 631. 5;' 632. 7 638. 19; 695. 642. 6.
;

.

eiKUs

( «

e'lKdv

646. 34 670, 642. 17, 47. 682. 12. 666. 6, II,
;

19.

(
iKTlvfiv

758. 642. 33•

.
5•
;

631. 2 2, 30, 3^•

647.

2 1.

733.

639.

II

640.6

;

641. 11

;

711. 12.

XIL
sKTiais
eieros

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS
;

2ig

, / ( /
eXnis

626. 41 ; 630. 19 631. 33. 631. lo; 673. 16; 676. 21 ; 692. 13;
;

evvopas 642. 26.
ivoiKeiv
ivo'iKiov

701. [10].

695. 23 732. 6. 642. 2 2, 33• 628. 12, 20, [23-4]; 629. 631. 22; 686. 12; 687. 19; 689. i6, 50; 691. 10; 743. 7. 648. 50, 54. 641. 17; 649. 1 6. 678. 17; 759. 6. 631. 23; 744. , 4-6; 756. 1 2.

;

15, 21, 42; 695. 21, 26; 731. 737. 8, 22, 41. Q4\. "J. 9, 12, 1 8. 669. II 671. 4, lo, 14. 712. 6 770. 23. furiXXf 669. 3, 7 767. I• 698. ivrdetv 626. 13 636. 35 638. 31

694.

(
ivr'ipas

17

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

25; 700. [26]; 702. [16]; 704. 21; 705. 4. 12 ; 716. 14; 717. 8.
evTOKos

€{05?)

743. . 665. 6; 731. 15; 742. 3; 753. 2:

« €

'' 7•
770.

685. 14, 2; 744. [], 642. 38. 679. .

4 (0• 5•

646, 2. 644. 14. 664. I I. evToKidiov 767- I 7. 742. 10 ivTokiKOs 677. 5, 10 774. 9, 10, 13 775. 13, 18.

€/631.

€ (
ۥ

672. 7 ; 681. 678. 7• 705. 7•
671.
9•

2.

( ( €
;
;

;

759. 5
6.

;

721. 694.

19.

675.

22

;

695.

2 0.

705.

7,

II, 24-

(5 ;

671. 5• 764. 14• 638. [6] 698. 22; 699. 22; 700. 23; 704. 1 8. 644. 6; 645. 1 2. 643. 1 1 (?). ivavrios 682. 4. e»'ap;^os• 645. 3 662. 3 ; 664. 19638. 4• ivfbpevfiu 773. 33• ivfivai 668. 20 (fVi). ei/6/ca 644. ev(K(v 662. 11; 18; 766. 764. 8. fvda 705. 7, 12. ivdahe 649. 15, [21], [24], [29]; 667. 10 668. 19, 29; 669. 14; 721. 10; 763. 9; 771. 12; 772. 4. iviavaios 627. 17; 695. 23. 744. 9. eWvroff 627. 9; 631. 5, 21; 647. 26, 34; 681. 15; 682. 15; 692. 3; 695. 11; 706. 17; 743. 2, 9. 634. 632. 9 630. 4 ; 631. 6 [i5]; 636. 30; 638. [28], 29; 639. 7; 640. 2; 641. 3; 645. 12; 646. 10, 27; 647. 16; 648. 70; 685. 6; 686. 6; 687. 7 688. 8 689. 10 ; 691. 5 692. 4 ; 693. 7 ; 694. 10 695. 12 ; 698. 16 700. 20 705. 5 715. 13 717. 2 719. 743. 4. "• 724. i 14; 721. II
;

8(

~

:

.

^ € ^ '. (
;
:

665. 2 2. 643. eieiiOt 642. 6 763. 5j 6, II. 756. e^erafetj; 669. 7 773. 4• 681. 2 4• 647. 1 5 649. 1 1 627. 9 ; 637. 2 1 695. 12 725. 6, g, 8. e^teVat 662. 8. 672. 3• 718. 4', 748. 9• 713. 13 638. 9 641. 5 648. 30• 660. 3• 686. 634. [15] ; 641. 7 643. 704. 699. 15; 700. 2; 702. II 774. g. 13; 705.
;

;

.
;

;

;

;

€ '
'^
9
;

;

5

;

;

;

[];

(

;

,

771. 6.

647. 38: 679. 5; 757. 6. . 666. See Index 111.

.

i^avys

631. 3°• 631. 7• 627. 1 6 636. 19
;

;

;

17; 700. 13; 702.
714. 8.
eVdi/ayKOi

;
,'

695. 20 699. 704. 6; 711.
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

«
eVa^rXfii'

634. 15; 698. 662. 2 1 675. II.
.

?•

6'./ 631.
734.
6.

26,

37; 701. 6; 731.
1

24(.'):

631. 14, 20; 692.

8.

220

{
eVii

INDICES

(
22,

706. I 9638. 3; 666. 20; 668. 16, 22; 670. 675. 12 ; 679. 25 ; 721. 6 ; 764. 4 () ; 777. 16.

;

681. 13. eVfioij 627. 7 ; 642. 20^ 36, 50 ; 674. 2 ; 682. 3; 683. 17; 773. 31. eneXfvais 638. 1 3, [20]. 636. 23; 638. i6, 26; 644. 10,

(
15•
iTTifeaXXeiv

24-5; 698. [22]; 699. 21; 700. 22; 702. [8], 12; 704. 18; 705. 16; 707. 13; 708. 17; 716. 15. 626. 22, 25; 627. 21, 25; 630. 636. 38, 43 ; 638. 32, 19 ; 631. 33, 38 [35], 38; 640. 12, 2i; 642. [9]; 643. 15; 645. 15, 19; 646. 16, 31; 689.39, 51 ; 694. 32, 43 ; 695. 31 ; 697. 36, 45 698. [13], [27]; 699.12; 700.8; 702. 18; 704. 22, [26]; 705. 10, 18, 27; 708. 18; 711. 20; 713. 19; 715. 17, 27; 716. 20; 717. 9; 718. [10]. ((€> 758. I 6. eVl 633. 14 651. II, 14 659. 130; 687. 22; 701. 17, 19; 724. I2; 733.
; ; ;
;

(( €. .^ . (^^
firipfXSis

631. 3^•

See Index VII. 675. 15.
771. 12.
;

enipevfiv

('

€{)

638. [11], [17], 20; 662. 12; 704. 10; 719. 7. 749. I, 5, 7.
633.
27

653. 6 765. 27. See Index XI. 772. 4. inivfiieiv 762. 6. 686. 725. 1 8. 669. 1 6. 743. 3, 649. 9, &C• eVtcr( ) 775. 7643. [6], 1 3. 639. 28. 635. 643. 22; 662. 15; 663. 8 664. 682. 8, 13 ; 713. 1 2 ; 766. 4• 661. 4 ; 668. 8 676. 5 757. 5, 19 ; 765. 3, 25 768. 4 ; 770. 27. 677. 4, 9• 757. 13, 760. 642. 32. 692. 1 3706. 4•

\
'

'

.

[];
;

;

(8 -'

;

;

;

2

;

.

(
. (€
eViStSoi/at

628.

7

653. 5; 662. 13. ; 672. 1 4 ; 679. 8. 629. 6 ; 639. 685. ;
;

6.

771. 5• 631. 5, 20, 36
9• 8.
;

.
631.
.

;

632. 8

;

695.

682.
626.

(

630. 8 630. 20

633. 36

;

635.

;

631. 28, 33,
5•

4

[5].
;

632. 19;

695. 25,

3•
663.

.
'
2,

644. 25• 647• 2 2. 637. 4 645. 2, 1 4, 15 648. 33, 73; 673. 3; 680. 13; 716. 5See Index . 639. 1 7, 21-2 ; 640. 641. ; 2; 642. 8; 643. 15; 645. [15]; 649. 12 ; 710. 15-16; 711. 19, 2; 716. 19• 637. 29 659. 66, 68, 103 ; 685. Cf. Index V {b. ). 5, 9 ; 747. 7. 8; 758. 1 3.
;
)

-2

;

€€
eniuvpe'iv

633. 24. 630. 651. 1 8.

6.

761. 6.

666. II. eniKaXf'iv 636. 45 648. 6, 11, 12 642. 39• See Index XI. iniKovpelv 630. 5• 707. 5• 679. 20. (= eniXf 765. 1 6. 626. 17 ; 630. 19.

650. 6, 1 7, 24 ; 650 {). 3 668. II, 15 ; 776. 5;

;

651.

2.

€7.

4\$.

(^ ('
(€

'

'>

706.

5•

3•

?)

648. 33, 5^-67 ; 668. 5• 732. , &C. ; 733. 5, 8. ) 648. 54• ( 630. 6, 19 ; 631. 6, &c. ; 674. 6 14; 692. 5, 10, 26. 683. 20. 669. 5•

;

682.

XII.
652(a). 767. 2.
3,

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS
;

221

&c.

{b). 3,

&c.

(^
27 23
;
;
;

ipLbiov

epwv(^) 731. 22.

{ €(
;

650. 28. 729. g. 669. 5, i6 674. 9 676. 29 678. 760. 15 762. 8 768. 5 ; 13 681. 22 770. 19, 24; 773. 7, 8, 10; 775. 11. epmrop 755. I 767. 4 (?). iadUiv 734. 4, 10. eare 662. 21. 668. 2 2. «epos 628. 22; 636. 14; 638. 13^ [15], 648. 12, 29, 78, 86 649. 17, 24, 31 654. 5 ; 657. 8, 10 695. 22 [15], 26 67. 32 ; 698. 6, 8, 25; 700. 4, 13, 26; 704. 21 ; 717; 7 701. 6, 17 724. 21 ; 725. 12; 749. 5, 7. 630. [9], 15-16. 744. I I. ert 631. 5, 14, 25; 638. [27]; 642. i6(?); 648. 63 665. 15 692. 22 700. 17 ;
)
;
;

,
;

;

;

;

6

^
'

;

;

;

;

;

'4

( (
22.

2, 14; 665. 34 670. 3 671. 677. 2 ; 678. 2, 27 ; 679. ; 683. 4. 30• 3, 29; 680. 3; 682. 684. 27; 754. II ; 757. 3, 28 758"^ ^, 759. 3 760. 21 761. 15 762. 14 7 763. 12; 766. 767. 26; 768. 769. 3, 8; 770. 5. ^4 772. 3 773. 6, 1 6, 39; 774.6; 775. 6: 776.13; 777.

642.9; 662. 22; 664.

666. 25 676.

4
;

;

668.

3,

;

;

;

6

;

;

8

;

;

;

;
.

\

;

6;^^('

(^

(

;

;

;

;

;

771. 12. Cf. Index eros passim. (I 664. 3, 16 668. 34 631. 29.
;

I.
;

766. 8

;

770.

6.

fvyevearaTOs
fvSoKf'iv

664. 1 5. 626. 24; 627. 24; 636. 36 ; 637. 698.25; [7]; 638. [2], [17J, 26, 31,37 702. 16; 704. 21 717. 8. 698. 25; 700. 26; 704. 2 . fv8o$€'iv 766. 17. ('-)(^. See Index VII. (vdvpeiv 683. 7 768. 7. 682. 666. 2 1.

€ (,
(€ ^
€8

;

;

;

.

631. 29.


2
;

(^ '4
;

158. 680. 4• [€]?' 773. 34• fimopia 642. 6, 3''^•

"J.

[]7' 766.
766.

(
( . (
6,

665. 20 716. 673. 4) 9• 760. 5• 697. 3 703. 8 705. 2. 668. 638. 13, [2]; 644. 23; 699. 704. 15• 626. 14; 628. 9> ^5; 629. 13; 630. II 634. [15] 635. 9 636. 42 [4], 638. 13, 2, 3; 639. 3 640. 641. 647. 24 642. 3, 32 ; 645. 7, [6], 648. 62-3 657. 3- n. 16 ; 658. 7 ; 663. 7 664. 1 2 665. 8, 1 1, 666. 6 667. 9 668. 29 671. 1 2 676. 13, 6, 19, 2 2-3; 677. 15; 678. 7; 680. 690. 15; 681.8; 683.13, <8>, 2; 693. 7; 696. 6 699. 15 700. 1 2 702. 7; 704. 13, 2. 25; 705. 14; 711. 5; 712. [5]; 713. 5; 714.5; 716. 23; 720. 4; 728. 14; 717. 5; 718. 750. 4; 75S. 15, 748. 7 749. 4 763. 8; 766.8; 767. 769. 7; 770. 8, 23; 773. 21, 29; 774. g 777. 17. 642. 20. $2 IQQ. 3. 642. 29, [3oj, .4• 65•628. [24] 632. [22]; 638. [28]; 673. 691. 5; 700. 19 701. 8 ; 689. 23 758. 757. 711. 9; 744. 9, II 775. 1 1. 13
;

.

.
;

;

6

;

,
:

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

8 8 6

;

;

;

:

;

;

;

:

:

2

;

;

;

;

[;
;
\

;

;

2

;

;

;

;

;

;

-

8

;

;

1

8.

12.
2,

ffiyof

711.

(

645. 6; 670. 671. 22; 673. 15; 674. 2; 680. 9; 716. 13; 765. 22 773. 8, 13. 766. 17 ; 768. 5• 701. See Index I. 770. 24. [6] ; 711.
II,
;

, >
V
6,

655. 3, 9 675. 1 648. 53• 654. S 680. 4;

1

;

734.

3.

;

633. 28. 741. 7. 626. 6,

.
641.
1
1 :

.

638.

[6],[2];
672.

766. 12. 676. 4•

22,24-5; 647.

;

4

642 29; 644.

;

665.
1

6-7;

668.

[ ];

675.

2

;

681. 6; 685.

1

222

INDICES

14, 20; 686. 10; 687. 18; 694. 28; 698. [22]; 699. [16], 22; 700.23; 702. 9; 704. 15, [16], 18; 713. lo-ii, 15; 717. 6; 762. 12; 767. 19; 776.7-

-,

762.

663. 3; 766. II. lySe'co? 664. 664. "] 758. 20. II ; 676. 2 77,5 663. II. 658. 1 1. 6Si. 1 7, 8• 638. 17, [26]; 664. 6. jjXioi 647. 20. 641. 3, 8; 645. [13]; 647. 19, 38676. 14; 9; 665. 6; 670. 5; 672.3 717. 2 ; 724. 761. 4 764. 4 ; 769. ; 5; 770. [9]; 775.4; 777. 7• 626. 12. 627. 8 ; 642. 30, 55 ; 662. 13. 641. 1 4.

,€
3.

}€.
]

722. I. See Index VII.

?
6.

657.
751.

3•
2.

646. 15; 710. 14; 713. 19; 719.
;

,

.
686.

6^2. 14 634. 13, [15]; 639. 680. 5; 698. [23]; 699. [22j; 700. 23; 704. 14; 707. 17; 711. 4; 712. 7; 716. 5, 23 ; 722. 2 ; 767. 9•

;

644. 2 645.
8.

.

.
(yrj)

, , ,, '.
.

633.

12;

636.
1

699.
»•

2;

4

;

700.

6.

.

638.

5•

639.

5-

5

;

.
(€
(9(/?)
uappelu

'
;

iepeia,

See

Index VI {, c). 672. 15. 647. 7•
741.

" 635. [8];

,

642. 2 2, 34; 663. g; 666. 21; 668. 26; 669. 4, 6, 11, 14, 17;
9,
1
;

See Index 679. 5.- H• 679. 6. 686. 644. 27.

(d).

671. 16, 19; 672. 675. 4.14; 676. 3

.

''/
2.

650. 20 744. 8. 665. II.

;

738.

,,.
;
{?)
;

13; 673. 16, 29; 677. 8, g ; 682. 5, 10; 758. 17; 760. 11; 762. 11; 763. 764. 1 7 ; 765. g ; 766. 1 ; 769. 7, 1 16 632. 735. . See Index VIII. 772, 2.

^fa


(.
Oipos
ieVii

635. I ; 723. . 681. 1 6. 626. 8. 668. 21 ; 670. 676. 7, 26 678.
;

685. 12, 22 689. 15. 730. 7• 627. 637. II, 24; 641. 13; 644. 690. 2; 706. 13-14; 26; 647. 41

;

;

6 673. 6 680.
; ;

17,
;

[26];
;

724. 2 2, 2 5. 674. 7•

-

681. 4•

1 1

683. g

684.
631.

4, 8.

684.23; 721.16; 761.8; 762.8; 763. 10; 770. 7, 8; 773 , Q; 775. 5; 776.6.
719. 13; 728.
8.

4•

705. 6, 666. 4•
;

, 24;
;

737.

8, 22, 42.

See Index
631. 2 4
;

VI {a),
686.

.

760.

5•

719. 5; 721. 8. 673. 15707. 5 ; 734. II.
;

628. 1 8. 631. 32; 636. g 731. 13• 634. [2j, [4], 21; 638. 6; 645. [2]; 643. 17; 678.8; 679.6,9; 769.
15•

641. 19; 694. 27.

%6'31.

641. 639. II 639. 1 5 641. 1 6 ; 698. [23] ; 699 [22]; 700. 24; 704. 19; 705. 17. 770. 13 (• 633. 27 ; 634. [6] ; 635. 13 638 27; 639. [8]; 640. 3; 689. 30; 694. 25; 696. [5]; 697. 24; 698. [19]; 699. 8; 700. 14; 702. 704. 17. SC. 656. 9• 653. 1 6, 24• 33 641. 14 ; 694. 31 ; 695. 30•
;

.

,

;

;

.
(9
;

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS

63 . 9 645. 2 724. 31. 667. 12. 663. 1$; 670. 639. 2; 645. 1 1, 8, 639. 20 689. 39• 665. 4 ; 666. 1 8 ; 777. 642. 2 4, 38, 4° 680 5. 9• Knieti/ 674. 5• 656. 4• 658. 4, 5 ; 692. 1 6 713. 6 19; 736.2 2 ; 741. 17-1 25, 27 776. 5• 644.

.

{?)

<8 -^'

223

',

/
727. 773.
1
;

;

.

.

-

631. 27, 2 9, 3°•
KiuVoi

666. 775.

.
;

7

763.

7•

6;:^'€'
692.
9•

635. 631. 7-

[]•
15.

29

,'

637. 29

;

671. 2

8

637. 29• 631. 14; 742. 631. 9 3 692.

,
;

4•
1 6-1 7 692. 1 5-1 6.

632. 2 1 (.?). 642. 49• 658. 5• 675. 3 638. [4], 6, " 12, [], [23]; 681. 8; 699. 704, [16J; 721. 15. t. 729. 6, 3• 636. 34! 638. [3 1 1 698. 24 700. 25; 702. [15]; 717. 6. 635. 5 648. 37» 4^~-722. 5• KaravTay 648. 37 666. "J, 12, 15. 766. 4• 676. 24. KaraTrXeii/ 773. 1 6. 673. 2 . 767. II. 645. [8. 628. 630. 4; 746. 3• ; 642. 4 1, 43• 732. 7•

6

''

;

;

;

;

4( ^^

631. II, 27

(8€\

645. . 687. II. 655.

6,

139. 3) 9) 757. 684. 17• /cdX672. 6, 8. 679. 4 758. 8. 636. 38 672. II 676. 8, 23, 29; 679. 6; 697. 704. [22] 758. 35; 698.26; 702. ; 773. 1 6. 8; 760. 675. 8. 771. II 773. g. 669. 12 ; 765. 8. (= 733. 4• 774. 15655. 3• 628- 23; 631. [2]; 632. 1 6; 689. 23; 691. 15 720. 6{?). 740. 1 1.
;

€?
.
8
;
;

( ' € ^ ^
.
8(

6

8.

21.

;

633. 38. 758. • KoTeneiytiv 665. 666. 3, 9; 704. 5 ; 775. 12. 642. 37 ; 773. 23. 635. 6. icarotKoi mneiis. See Index VIII €'?. /<aro;(jy 634. II 638. 27; 698. 20; 699.

.

;

;

;

)

,

/ ( €>'

[19]; 700. 15; 704. 17. 658. 7- Cf. Index V(i7)

,
(?).
25-

'

631. 23.

724. 674. 3»
ev
5•

2.

5>

7

;

701. 15;

743.

634.
KaTayi{y)v{a0ai

642. 3• 634. 28; 703. 5 636. 42; 697. 33)' 704. [2],

656. 1 1. KeSpia 727. 30-1 733. 14. 642. 15 (i*), 17, 25; 660. I. 645. 1 9 704. 1 9. KeXAnpiOf 727. 1 6-1 7. 754. 3. 754. 5• See Index X (). 645. "J, 'J. KepKi8tov 740. I 742. 5. Ke'p/xa 683. 20 775. 2. 641. 25; 644. 14; 701. 713. 15; 715. 14, 25; 724. 24• 656. 2 2. 682. 1 3. 663. 5727. I 645. I .
;

,
1

;

«

;

;

i

6-19

I

..

1

;

224

INDICES
633. [6] 643. 2, 22 711. 4• 656. 9, 16; 660. 11; 674. 2; 730. 2; 753. [4]. QIQ. 15. Acpt^jy 628.12,17; 652(a). 8; (^). 8 ; 684. 2; 687. 18-19; 724. 8, 9, n, [14J ; 733. [], 7,12; 745. 5, &c. 746. 2, 5 769. II. 637. [9]• 679. 5•

kMvvos 628. 20; 631. 28; 632. 18; 686. 18; 687. 26; 689. 19; 691. 13; 714.6.
Kiveiv

631.

I

7
'^

642.

631. 2 9
/«Aets

;

764. ig.

(
/f/jenr

;

;

738. 4, &c. 641. 10; 694. 27.
;

;

;

638. 7, 13, i8, 34; 704. [6]. 638. 4; 646. I, 21 648. 35; 701. 10; 721. 14; 754. 9. 628. 8, lo; 629. 8; 633. 12 635. 636. 8 638. [9] ; 685. 9, 17 ; [6], 9 686. 8; 687. 14; 689. 12; 692.8; 724. 8-ii,[i4]; 743.5; 751. int. Cf. Index
;

KTtviov

740.

3, 7•

;

;

631. [7], 15; 637. 29, 3°; 675. 692. 8 ; 732. 6 744. int. 671. 12, 673. 26 756. 764. ;
;

2;

6

;

;

14.

8
6
;

695. 15. 642. 3I.

660.

3, 8.
;

755. 3. 645. 9 (0• wi'Stoi/ 752. 3 ; 770 26.

12.

689. 35• 628. 3 629. 2 635. [: 698. yo; 723. 644. 2 /foti//} 637. II 13• 642. 3•
; ;

;

,

638-3, 3]; 766.
.

I (.?) 765. 25657. 9• 650. 2(.?); 651. 15. 742. . Kvpififiv 628. [24] ; 634. [14] 638. [21 ?] 689. 22; 691. 14; 696. 12; 697. 18 698. 13; 699. 13; 700. 10; 702. 5
;

650 {).

705.

13.

691.

8.
;

;

626. 743. 3,

.
8.

2

752.

2.

('guardian') 637. 7; 638. 2; 3; 648. 15; 687. 3; 706. , 3; 721. 2. 5; 723. 7('

;

647. 714.
2

valid

')

626.

2 1

;

627.

2

1

;

630.

;

658. 9• 743. 3731.


;

631.33; 633.28(1'); 636.32; 638.29, 639. 27; 640. 641. 19; 642. 8; 643. 14; 645. 5]; 646.15; 694.32;

;
;

»/ /^

666.

4•
;

661. 3

680.17; 765.25; 770. 14 628. [24] 641. 6; 657 ^' 17;
J

695.31; 696. [8]; 697.29; 698.23; 699. [22]; 700.24; 702.14; 704.19; 705. 17; 707. 17; 708. 8; 710. 14;
711. 713. 717. 2; 718. 9]
[9].

675. 2; 676. 4, 9 757. 22; 770. 1
631.
1

679

^ 4,
;

^^ 24

773. 25

'7« 756. 4; 774.

;

.

8;

8

;

715. 719. 5•

6

;

716.

19; 635.

6,

,.
;
j

727. 2 9• «;; 686. 731. 6. 694. 25; 761. 7• Kotrwi'fueti' 640, 689. 31• 4 See Index VII. 742. 7• 65Q. 122. 637. 3•
631.
1

(
;

('lord') 664. , 15; 666. 23; 670. 5; 671. , 24-5; 683. , 5, 9, 27, 684. 720. 6 754. , 7 31 755. 4 ; 761. 2, 5 762. 2 770. , 2, 30 771. 7 774. 1, 7, 1, 775. , 6, 776. , 14; 777. , 22. Cf. Index , VI(i?). 633. 2 2.
;

,
2

;

()
;
;

;

;

;

;

;

771.

1 1.

6.

/634.
13;

627• II. [14]; 696. [2]; 697.

8; 698.

699.12; 700.9; 702.5; 704.
13.

705.

636. 5; 631. 5, 6; 633. 4; 637. [9], 2; 638. 2, [7], g; 672. 18; 686.5; 688. 7; 689. 8; 691. 6; 692. 33; 698. [4-5], [7]; 699. 2, 5; 700. 703. 704. 6, 7 708. 2 ;
3,
;

626.

;

-2

;

;

(
.

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS

719. 10; 720. 2; 724. 19, 20; 746. 4. (b). Cf. Index 659. 24, &C.

V

•(€
;

699. 8 700. 4 Cf. Index V (a)
; ;

.

VIS

724. Q) 674. 7.
II,

.
24.

! ?

XayxamK 637.

1 3,

///

,. , .
;

631. i6; 635. [10]; 638. 7, 33 647. 36 ; 664. 12 668. 7 ; 669. 10 673. 19 677. 4, 5 ; 681. 10 ; 697. 32 ; 760. ; 765. 6 769. 7 772. 3; 774. 15; 775. 8, 12-13. (a) See Indexes II,
II
;
;

741. II. 776. 6. 626.
;

;

;

;

,

*631.

and VII

756. 6. 674. 3 ; 743. . 686. 12.
(1.

683. 2 2. 654. 8; 668. Xeye.,. 642. 13, 29, [s^], 33 672. 17; 673. 8; 674. 11-12; 6, 9, 679. 12 ; 683r 22 ; 687. 9, 10 ; 763. 9 772. 5; 777. 3, II• 666. 5. 6. XeiTTfii/ 659. 103, 24(?). AfiTviW (?) 740. 12.

;

)

(
;

630. 12. 642. 53 (?) 645. 1 8 646. 30 647. 650. , 2, 17, 19; 650(a). 38; 649. 656. 655. 654. 653. [2], 5 ; ; ; 660. 3; 669. 14; 671. 7> 6; 718. [4 ?], [5], 8 ; 719. 712. 8 679. 1 730. 734. 2 728. 5, 12, 17 ; 729. 748. , 9 749. , g; 752. 2 ; 762, 6, 7 9; 773. 22; 777. 7• 666. 2 . 774. II. 645. 7• 8, 12; 634. [ 2]; 636. 2; 637. 653. 2, 23 ; 645. 19; 648. 29, 26; 701. 4, 7. [12]; 715. 15 ; 725. 13; 771. 8. 731. 4; 748. 6,
; ;

.
;
;

225
;

701. 10, [13]

734. 13.

;

,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

7

)

,

;

721.

4•

QIQ. 760.

,2
6.

;

680. 6; 683. 6.

€?

(
672.

/

647. 12. 774. 1 8 (?). 762. 12. (?) 654. 8.
741.

642. 24-5-

5•
7•
4•

XetTO^pyeii/

627.

627.
5-

.
8.

6.

/'(')

€7;^' 656.
((5?)

^//

? fpo

731. 7• 631. 25• 741. 2, 4. 6,
{?f

€.
741.

644.

12.

748.

6; 671.

2;

677.

3•

51. 2 3•

708.

659.

,

.

.
,
19; 731.
7. 12,
1 1,

&C.; 728.

'
>?
4;

24. Xi;ros631. 19; 672. 14; 673. 3,

739. 2, 8. 670. II. 683. 14 (-yoij/) 643. II. 705. 3•
741. 4) 676. 6.
1 6,

( ^);
19

644. 28.

14-

(684.
5;

:

15; 735.8. '672. 7; 676. 634. 5• 704. 1 691.

; .
[]
;

;

679. 2.

658.
631.
25

8.
;

655.
4•

2,

8

;

1

2

;

742.

.

.
;

741. 2 2. 726. 4• See Index {). 634. [7], 8 635. 7
;
;


^'
636.
;

758. 7• 676.

^'./

626.

721.

8.

peXoi 631. 23.

648. 5, 56, 63, 67 687. 1 1 696. [9] 697.
;

3

15 638. g 685. 698. 6, g ;
;

,8

/ €
/

666. 17 ; 758. 656. 2 2 753. 4• ..(( 665. 5• 772. 5• pfv 760. 4 ; 762. 4;

4

759.

5•

; ;

226

INDICES
;

633. 25; 639. i6; 642. 27; 668. 773. 15. 23; 719. 12; 770. 21 €«/ 762. 8. ) 742. 4. 655. 7 (?)• 735. 6, 8. 637. II, 24• 637. 13-15» 631. 20 ; 636. 8, 1 2, [7], 22-3; 638. 7, &c.; 648. 70; 672. II 673. 16 681. 9 685. 10, 18 686. 12; 695. 22 698. 4> 7 5 699. , 6; 701. [4-6], 702. g ; 703. 12; 704. 10, 16; 713. 11; 717. 5; 724. 20, 750. 12; 764 recto. 31 768. 6. 699. 5• Cf. Index V () 645. €' 637. 28, 35 (?)• 665. 22; 757. 4• 675. 3• 648. 32; 666. 2] 667. 6; 679. II ; 684. 24; 724. 33; 766. 7•

^
8

€(

^

634. 7; 635. [], 12; 638. [2], 20 644. 9, 1 7, 26 ; 686. 13 ; 687. ; 697. 32; 699. 5-7; 702. [9], 704. 716. 14, 717. ; ; ; 763. 7•
;

5

5-6
67.

6

;

12.

;

;

;

;

;

;

-2;

;

;

/ ^
€8(

4 ^^

.

,

631.

7.

648. 32•

€ €€
689.

633. 20; 635. []; 636. 2; 638. 23,[24j; 696. [12]; 697. 19; 698. 14; 699. 13; 700. 10; 702.6; 704. 12; 705. 13• 636. 35; 638. 31; 698. [25]; 700. [2]; 702.16; 704. [21]; 717.7• 644. 3 721. 8, 7• 642. 22; 695. 9• 630. 12. 692. 23; 705. 666. g, 748. 5631. 9 5 692. 679. 1 6. 758. 6. 637. 33 701. 12.
;
;

666. 5• 705. 6. 626. 628. [3] 635. 15 ; 627. 19 2; 639. 7; 640. []; 644. 3; 647. 5, 27> 29, 32, 35; 648. 69, 7°; 660. 4, 9, 694. g; 695. 12; 661. 9; 691. [8] 12 ; 705. 5 706. 17 709. 3 711. 15 721. 1 1 723. 4- Cf. Index III. (particle) 642. 7• 659. 121. 680. 8. 642. 6. 630. ; 631. I, 3, 4^ 636. 2, 3; 638. , 4', 644. 12; 645. 6, g ; 647. 6; 648. 1 8, 649. 2; 666. 8, 23; 668. 22, 58, 90 670. 25; 676. 32, 35; 677. 31 678. , 4, 8, 2, 23, 25; 679. 2, 30; 687. 6; 688. 6; 689. 5; 695. g, 20; 696. 2, 3 699. 2 703. 7, 9 704. 6 706. 8, 9, [10], 13 (?) 708. 2 ; 709. 6;

,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

, []
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

.
;

711.

719. 2

2

;

714. , 4 ; 715. , 5 721. 4, 7> 9 ; 724. 23, 745. 22 ; 752. ; 767. 8, 22 []; 773. , 44; 774. 19. See Index V(a). 659. &C. ; 746. 674. II 776. .
;

716.

6, 7

;

;

26 22

;

;

725. 770.

,

12.

;

-2.

32•
;

671. 8

689. 36.
;

.
/xe'xpt

665. 6, 12 627. 3• See Index

736.

,

&C.

(.?).

().
;

706. 9

,
;

(?)•

^

631. 24 ; 636. 28 ; 641. 8 645. 12 ; 647. 20 ; 673. 9 ; 674. 6 ; 692. 24 ; 715. 12 717. 2; 763. 3, 10.
;

630. 14; 635. [11-12]; 642. 644. 9, 6; 699. ; 702. g

,

6

7,
;

34;
716.

15•

734. 1 5. 666. 645. 9 658. 6, 8, 1 2; 663. 655. g. 4 ; 759. 6 ; 764. 7• See Index (). 734. 4• 664. 4) 7• 626. 4, 12, 14 631. 1 8, 20, 20, 37 ; 732. 3, 9> 647. 25 683. 1 2 ; 731. 12; 748. 9) II• 628. 5 ; 629. 4 630. [2] ; 631. 5, 21 688. , 632. 8 686. , 8 687. 12; 689. , 13, 26, 28, 37, 47; 691. , 693. 694. , 18-19, [7]; 692. 3, 33, 41 ; 695. 628. 25 (.^ 630. 4', 631. 36 ; 673. 29; 686. 17; 689. 27, 55; 690. 22; 691. 6; 692. 26; 694. 17, 32•

.

;

^ V
;
; ;

;

"

;

2

;

;

;

;

.

;

;

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS

.

€ -^
;

771. 1 4• See Index X {a), {). 64,4:. i6 649. 15, 21, [24], 29. 648. 62. 643. 14 649. [], 21, [23], [28] 718. 631. 27; 632. 8; 638. 7; 664. 4', 668. 29; 672. 14; 685. [6]; 687. 7; 691. 5 702. 1 1 ; 728. 3, &c. ; 751. 3 ; 753. 5• 755. 15. oil 663. 766. 5; 773. 1 1.
;

€ ^
3,

227

642. 47

;

672. 4

;

772.
;

3.

660. 6, 8 ; 742. 3 753. 629. 685. 1 1, 687. 18, 23 689. 4 ; 691. 9

;

2

2, 4;

;

;

686. g 748. 6.

.

;

;

651. 12.

645. 658.
&C.

9•

2

;

738.
;

.
;

738.

631. 9

673. 29
22.

692.

6.

;

643.
6,

3)

. /?( /
I'cos

699. 5• 724. 764. 734. 7• 707. 6.

.

:=
6.

SiV

/3.

«/

701.

1 4.

See Index
)

(3).

741. 12.

^ '
8
oiKfioy
;

685. 19. 683. 21. See Index

?
(3).

{?)

667.

9•

771.

638. 679.

. .

5•

741. 14.

732.

2.

652 ().
((5).

8;
2

(<5).

8

;

724. 32
6, 7,

;

749.

,

5,

/?? 652
771.
ftKac
4•

;

647. 14 639. [8] ; 640. 3
;

738. 692.
;

3•
;

4•

''eoi'(?)650.

689. 30 692. 10 650(a). 2. 4, 22
;

;

,.
ۥ
;

759. 4• 668. 28 774. 14. 730. 5•
654.

678. 3

;

679. 8

;

681. 4

8 ^ (8
3
;

666. 2. 682. 7. oiVa 634. 5, [9]. [24] 638. 8 ; 641. 6 ; 648. 23, 29, 70; 668. 29; 669. 12; 694. 12, 24; 695. 16; 696. 6-8; 697. 698. 5, [11], 15, 29 699. 5, 9, 10, 47 701. 4, &c. 703. 12 ; 724. 14 700. 2 725. 9 ; 764 recto. 3, 20 674. 674. g. 634. [15] 635. 4 638. 2 2 696. 14; 697. 21 698. [7]; 699.15; 702.[7]. 700. II 704. 8, 1 1. 641. 4 673. 2 6 ; 695. 23 ; 755. 2 ;
;
; ; ;

;

;

.

;

;

;

;

;

;

See Index

3? 8,

.
;

(3).

761. 14.

i/d/ioy
j/o/ioi

642. 26. 630. 13; 699.
{a),

2

708.

3•

Cf.

Index

724. g. 632. II ; 674. ; 631. 26 ; 634. [6], 7 ; 635. 7 ; 636. 648. 54^ 685. 17; 696. 13; 638. 8,

;

(
720. 4
;

672. 5 ; 673. 651. 3• 631. 1 6-1 7; 19

3•

728.
4.

6

;

;

660. 6 ; 692. [21] ; 733. 8 ; 751. 3 ; 752.

771.

7
VOVS

;

697.

;

698. 5

;

699.

7

;

700. 3

;

701.

[],

12.

-

665' 27. 740. g. 634. [5] ; 636. 5; 638. 20, 22 665. g 668. 9; 669. 13; 671. 10; 680. 12-13; 698. 3 699. 696. 5, [12] 697. 7> 765. 8; 773. 13. «^^ [4], 12; 703. 6 701. 7• 627. 6 648. ; 725. 9> 7•
;
;

^^
7?
4
;

;

8

752. . 704. 8. 775. 8. 769. 7 627. 9• 638. ^. 668. 17. 739. 1-6. 668. 3 ; 670.
;

3.

8
; ;

;

678.
6.

2,

27

;

;

;

;

;

680. 3; 766. [7]; 770. 8. 667. 3 682. 5, 7 683. 699. 1 1 700. 2 772.
;
;

3

;

773.

775.

5.

Q

2

1

;

;;

228

INDICES
631. 15
;

653. 1 8. 656. I. okos 627. i6; 632. 15; 634. 7, 26; 636. 13; 638. 10; 672. 10; 673. 12; 686. 13; 700. 3; 701. 12; 715. 11; 725. 17 ; 757. 3 ; 759. 3 ; 769. 3 ; 770. 33. 676. 31. 629. 12 ; 631. [26 ?] ; 637. 24 ; 638. 22; 646. 19 ; 647. 28, 31, 34 649. 13; 653. 17; 673. 14; 706. 14; 724. 24, 27 ; 728. 15 ; 731. 13, 17 ; 732. ; 736. 6; 737. 2, &c. ; 741. 14; 744. 8; 749. 4, 7 ; 773. 28. 647. 4 691. 8 ; 721. 3. /•)/€/ 626. I, 13, 22, 25; 627. 155 22, 25; 628. 14; 629. 13; 630. 20; 631. 34, 38 ; 634. [5] ; 635. [2] ; 636. [5], 638. 38, 44; 637. 32, 35, [s^] ; 639. 3 ; 640. 13, 22 642. 9, 40; 643. 16 644. 4, II, 28; 645. 6, 15, 19; 646. 647. I ; 689. 41, 52 694. 34, 16, 32 44 695. 31 ; 696. 4 ; 697. 6, 36, 45 698. [3], 13, [27]; 699. 3, 12; 700. 8; 702. [18]; 703. 5i 704. 22, 27; 705. 4, II, 18, 27; 707. I, 5, 10; 708. 7, 19; 711. 5, 21 712. 5 713. 5, 20; 714. 5 ; 715. 8, 18, 27; 716. 9, 21; 717. 10; 718. II 720. 3; 722. 6; 723. 6. 627. 20 638. [17], 20, 30; 644. 32; 648. 77; 713. 13; 716. 19. 637. [l] 686. 3. 637. [ij 638. I 719. 9. 653. 14, 25 655. 1 ; 749. g ; 753. 5. 642. 17, 20, 47• 730. 4 748. , 8, 630. 634. 1 1 ; 636. 22 ; 643. .?] ; 649. g, 14, 20, 23, 25, 28; 7; 648. 38 677. 14-15; 702. [11], 12; 704. 13; 725. 17; 746. 11; 750. 5 (?), 91 766. 16; 767. 25; 769. 17; 770. 32. 642. 8, 26, 31-2, 48, 52. 642. 3, 21, 38, [5]• OV0S 631. 15; 673. 17; 707. 5; 708. g, 23; 732. 4; 733. 7; 734. [11]; 748. 3, 8; 750. 12; 764. 16. 673. 12-13 ; 776. 8. 657. 7• 698. 33 638. 3; 697. [31] [24]; 700. [24]; 702. 15; 704. 2.

639. 20

;

683.

;

705.

2,

773.

4.
3•

712.

674. 8. 730. 6.
662.

/

770. 8

3/

683. 6 ; 764. 6, 13 ; 768. 6 ; 775. 4 ; 776. 663. 9; 665. 24; 676. 25, 27, 31;
1

6

;

;

6{
^:/

761. 8.

635.

6. 6,

)

737.
;

&C.

;

;

,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

/?

)

;

;

;

[

;

.

;

. (

!

6636.

698. 26 ; 702. ; 17; 704. [2 2]. 729. 4• opvalos 742. 9• 676. 8. 638. [6]; 698. 2 1 ; 699. [21]; 704. 1 8. 631. 7, 8; 642. 6 ; 643. ; 648. 53 ; 667. 7 ; 679. 1 2 692. g ; 704. 10; 705. 7; 770. 12 776. 6. 630. II 631. 8, 2, 20 ; 633. 22; 634.15; 636.26; 638.30; 643. 9,14; 673. 15; 692. 696. 14; 697. 22, 698. 7, [24]; 699. 17; 700. 705. 13, [24]; 702. 15; 704. 6, 9, II ; 711. 9 ; 713. g; 714. 8 ; 717. 5• -is 627. 21 ; 633. 28 645. 14 717. . 628. 2 2 ; 634. 1 6 ; 638. 27 ; 639. 6; 645. [13]; 696.17; 697.28; 698. [2]; 699. [2]; 704. [8] 716. 15. 648. 63• 676. 26. 642. 33 ; 664. 4 ; 666. 2 ; 668. 6, 14, 28; 670. 6; 671. 22 ; 672. 7 ; 674. 12; 676. 2, 23; 677. 13; 678. 4> 679. 8 ; 680. [], 13-14, 682. ; 5 9; 683. 13, 2, 23; 763. g ; 767. g 769. 6, 9 770. 7, 21 772. 3, 5 ; 773. 6, 29; 775. 6(.?); 777. 3, 6, 1 1. See Index (). 641. 7 642. [30], 32 ; 645. 1 1 ; 668. 14, 9;669. 3, 5;698. [25]; 704. [21]; 716. 25 762. 9 ; 765. 4 ; 766. 4, 7• 641. 7; 642. 2 9, 30; 645. 1 1, ; 671. 8; 683. 13; 716. 24; 757. 6; «? 668. 768. 7 ; 770. 772. 3•
697. 35

3/)05 636. 37

,

;

;

;

3;

;

,

2

;

;

;

;

,

,

;

?

;

;

;

;

8

;

,"

;

701. 8

;

713.

.

19ovivd(iTOv}) overpavas

660. 646. 2.

8.

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS

7

684. 6, II. 668. 19, 2 2. 706. 9. 665. 9, 15 ; 666. 5, &c. ; 668. o^v 642. 37 20 671. 19 ; 672. 15 673. 16 675. 12, 14; 676. 29; 678. 7; 681. 20; 683. 15-17 698. 13 ; 700. 9 702. 5 721. 16; 762. 10; 766.8; 769.8; 770. 14; 760. 777. 14• 773. 13 775. II
;
; ;


2,

229
4•

676. 8, 27 757. 676. 15; 680. 663- 3•
;


;

7

;

759.

721.

7•

;

•()/€^

742.

6.

676. II
;

756.8; 758. 14

;

;

;

;

;

;

4

€ ;()
6,

^
'

762. 4• 668. 12 762. 8 763. 3• 637. II, 15» [23-4]• 697. 20; 634. [6]; 696. 699. 19; 700. 698. 19; 641. 6 775. g. 636. 37 642. 13, 29 660. 7 ; 668. 15; 669. 4; 681.8; 730. . 638. 25 659. 103 689. 634:. ;
;
; ;

8€ 84(6
4,

-

;

^
'
7rapa^>?<r,

772.

4•

642. 27-8; 692. 14631. II 648. 56. Cf. Index V {. 616. 28; 689. 25; 748. II.
631. 31
;

19; 670. 29; 708. 7; 760.

;

641.

1

8

;

643. 9

;

653.

759. 659. 122.
713. 5• 724. 28, 33• 714. 6 713. ; 666. 9• 634. 15; 641. 19 671.

.

3,

694. 24, 28; 695. ^3> 775. ^.

;

;

;

8

;

;

;

68

23; 691. 15, 17; 715. 9- ^5 719. 777. 3. 6. 735. 4; 748. ; 634. 6; 638. 27; 697. 27; 698. 2; 699. [9]; 700. 5; 704. 17. 638. 15 645. 1 1. 646. 3• 677. 9; 760. 7• 685. 13, 22 ; 689. 5• 656. 1 7• oyfrapiov 656. 6€ 679. 12. 665. 4; 764. 1 1. 652(a). 6; {b). 2.
;

2;

2
;

\€
771.
3-

675.

;

;

694. 27; 695. 29; 706.

6; 8;

637. 35• 647. 42•

640. 9•

^ ; ?

.

^'

QZ^, 13•

.

767.

9•
12.

645. 666. 13, 24; 668. 33; 676. 2; 763. , 3• 679. 19 ; 758. 5 ; 760. 647. 17, 37• 650. 2; 658. 2, 1 2. 736. 692. 9> 728. 631. 21 773. 26. 2, &c.(?); 771.4, 5;

.

'
22.
3» 21.

635.
;

[]

J

641. 11,14; 644.

649. 6

663. 8

;

724. 31

;

725.

668. 2 4• 642. 37•
631.
;

7•
;

2

;

[22]

;

636. 19 641. 13 700. 23 ; 702. [4]

;

698. 2 2 704. 19

;

;

699. 705.

6.
635. 4> 636. 5. 1 5, 3»; 724. 12. 725. (?); 636. 33 726. 2. 636. 1 6 697. 4• ^ap/J630. 18; 634. [13]; 637. 7; 638. 665. 4; 692. [2]; 642. 6; 643. 10; 6. 20 (?) 760. (f). 773. 4°• Cf. 638. 3• 757• 8.

;

6

;

,

;

676. 20 677.15; 680. 5; 767. 13; 775. 9• '^"^' ^76. 24.
;

765.12;

;

;

741.

g.

^

666. 25 ; 758. 8. 641. 19; 642. 640. 639. 21 710. 5• 8; 5]; 711. 19643. 15; 645. 635. [2]. 636. 28, 32; 638. 2, [28J 697. 22; 28; 698. 2; 699. [20]; 700. 19,
;

;

;

[

;

/' (}) (•

V

764. 15,

7•

€ .

(=

731. 19-

635. 12; 716. 1 6. 630. []; 634. 15; 626. 8,

2

;

1

;

230

INDICES
;

635. [12]; 636. 20, 26; 638. 16, [25], 26, 38 ; 647. 18 ; 665. 19 682. 6 ; 692. i6; 696. [15]; 697.22; 698.17; 699. 17 700. 13 702. [10] 704. 16 ; 705. 15; 751. 2; 752. 2; 753.2; 754.4; 776. 8, 12. 642. 2 771. 7• 668. 25; 764. ;

(
673.

?

705. 6 742. 648. 63.
;

9•

;

;

;

(J)

651

.

13•

638. 3> 12, [14], 23, 25; 648. 42; 678. 665. 2 672. 2 ; 676. 33 ; 677. 1 4»; 19, 24; 680. 3; 695. 6; 697.4, 701. [7]; 704. 6; 721. 9; 756. 2, 13; 775. g ; 766. 13 767. 762. 2, 15 777. 20.
;

»

;

/ ;

;

;

6

;

5

631. 2 2.
;

638. 8, 34 664. 5• 664. 9•

697.

9•

/
6

672. 3, 634. [5]; 648. 59 696. [5], 2; 697. 6, [40]; 698. [3]; 699.4; 702. 23 (?) 705.4, 731. 724; 707. 5, 28; 708. 7, 23 727. 1,28; 753. 3 ; 754. 4• 777. 4, 1 1, 12. 627. 14; 634. 13, 27, 29; 639. 644. 2 . 650. 6, 33; 650 (). 7 ; 651. 17. 655. 5• 692, 13. 631. 674. 9,
'>

3

8;

;

;

6

;

; •

705.

6.

652

(). 2

J

{>). 2.

(9
weXvKiov

676. 44• 674. 5• 6'^6 638. 8(?). 681. 666. 6; 675.

.

»/

. ' 7( /
/ '

740. 668. 8; 669. 2, 660. [] 673. 27, 29; 670. 7, 12; 671. 5> 756. 674. 2; 676. 8; 677. 6; 713. 765. 7, II ; 757. 6; 760. 15, 23; 766. 6. 760. 8. See Index ((5). 673. 2 2. 642. 7• 634. [15]; 645. 9 5 698. [ 6]; 704. 4• 649. 3> &C. 695. 19; 725. 5;

.

9-

;

;

; 6 -,
;

682. 4• 628. 21 ; 706. 19. 634. [13]; 645. 8, 17-18; 646. 697- 17, 44; 14; 670. 13; 696. 698. 12 699. 700-9; 702. 5, 718. 705. 26; 708. [14]; 715. 9 ; 750. 15 ; 765. 14 ; 773. 27. 627. 17; 641. 8, g 642. 18, 21, 27, 48, [51]; 645.6; 669. 8; 773. 31• 674. 9• 650. 738. 5, &c. ; 752. 2 ; 763. 4; 773. 12, 15.

,

;

, ; ; ; ;
;

2

;

741.

1 6.
;

;

»
;

666. 12. 762. 643. 2. 642. 2 5, 54• 639. 20.

.

7
'.

700. 2. 759. 7•
741.
2 2 (?), 24, 29•
7•
;

664. 675.
4•

631. 23

764.

1 8.

»;); 650.
740.
6.

1 1,

29; 650(a). 2; 651.

5•

630. 5, 15 631. 1 6, 2 6, 29 ; 632. 13 ; 642. 638. 15, [2], 25, 37; 639. 661. 6; ; [49], 53 ; 643. [12]; 644. 662. 672. 12 ; j 669. 13; 670. 4, 6; 674. 3, 17 ; 676. 26, 29 ; 677. 3 ; 678. 761. 3 ; 7 ; 697. 31 ; 758. 6, 9 ; 760. 762. lOj 764. 12; 766. 8; 769. 4; 770. 19; 773. 19, 34; 775. 3, 10, 11; 776. 4; 777. 14• 677. 6. 679. 9• See Index V {a), 642, 8 ; 659. 103, 123 ; 699. 2. 680. 766. 4• 665. [2]; 666. 8, 23; 668. 23; 676. 13; 671. 3, 24; 672. 5; 673. ; 679. 3, 8, 22, 27; 681. 2; 682. 754. 2(.?); 764. 4; 769. 2; 770.35; 772. 2; 773. 2 ; 775, 776. 13. ; 659. 122; 685, 14, 2. 668. 672. 642. 14, 45• ;

2

;

;

,

2

7

;

,6

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS
[ ],

231

: €
7(
)

€ .
;

2; 676. 3; 681. 3; 757. 2; 758. 2; 763. 2; 770. 3; 772. i. 642. 5, [2oJ, [50]. 727. 4, 33• 678. 1 5• 678. 17. 671. 20 ; 674. 14, ly 776. 3. 748. 5• 678. 1 6. 680. 1 5-1 6. 672. 9• ()}) 673. 2-1 3, 5•
;

26; 705. 27; 707. 27-8; 708. 24; 713. 14; 715. 26; 716. 27; 724. 7; 731. 2; 734. 8; 749. 4, 6.
631.
2

.

671. 2 2.

747. 66, 68. 634. 2 2 630. 7> 645. 11. 646. 7> 20 753. 2. 645. 8. 663. 6. See Index VII. /)3^ 631. 32 639. 14 640. 8 ; 641. 15 ; 689. 36; 694. 3; 695. 30;^ 711. ; 766. II. 672. 6 696.18; 697.29,47; 698. 23; 699.23; 700. 24; 702. [14] 705.

n

;

;

;

,;

;

6

;

;

17; 707. 17; 708. 8. 628. 21 642. 5 667. 5, 1 763. 8 770. 25. eS 770. 4
; ; ;

8 € € , €
?.
;

^ €
2
;

648. 66. 702. 13]•

636. 2 4• 644. 15, 9• 682. 6. 639. 1 8. 664. 2, 12; 667. 2; 774.

5,

644. 23• 636. 35; 638. 31; 698. 24; 700. 25 702. 6; 704. [21] 717. 7•
;

651.
25.
9,

8.

631.

7,

667. 678. 764.
;

;

13; 769. 682. 2.
677• 3
3;

8.

4•
;

670. 4

758. 5

;

761.

769. 4

775.

.
5

'>

762.
6.

648. 68. 678. 9 642. , [4^]• 635.

.

74:^. 3.

: €
,
704.

662. II. 648. 14, 26; 706. 5 637. 722. . . 752. 3•
;

709.

6.

€(
6.

752. 2. 685. . 664, 8
731. 2

/
;

630.

631.

.

8,

5

;

633.

7•

636. 30; 638. 29; 700• 2 1. 672. 4• 636. 24 ; 638. 4; 706. 2(?);
;

721. 17.

;

665.

8.

(?),

5 (-21,

688. 644.

II,
20,

27; 645.

[2]

634. II (?) ; 706. 15673. 24. 770. 4 j 774. 4•

640. 2 626. 25-6; 627. 24; 630. 636. 43 634. [9], 631. 12, 1 8, 38 642. 638. [3], &C. 639. 26; 641. 19,49; 643.23; 645. 13,16-19; 647. 657. 7; 689. 39, 24; 648. 51 694. 41, 43; 696. 13,22-3; 697. 2-, 700.6, 42,45; 698. [5]; 699.9, 702. [2], [7] 704. II ; 701. 13, [ 6]
.

;

2

8

;

,,.
630. [2], 642. 7•
1 5-

668. 8 ; 718• 6. 633. 9 634. 7; 636. 2; 666. 4; 668. 5; 673. 5; 701. 4; 724. 6; 744. 633. 37• 760. 1 8. 717. .

.

See

IndcX

VII.

;

;

2

;

;

;

5

;

;

;

;

/
9,

707. 6• 730. 4• 678. 6. 768. 3• "• orey»; 701. 8, 635. 5• ""• 645. 7•

9•

^•

681,

4•
641.
4•

^
232

INDICES

7.

8 '
.
26; 27; 26; 14; 14;

658. TTvpos 629. 11-12; 631. 19; 639. 6, 8, 25, 32; 640. 3, 19; 650. 20; 686. 9, 14; 689. 17, 29, 32; 719. 13; 743. 6-8; 745. , &C. 629. 9• 628. 1 1 634. 14; 696. 13; 698. 14; 699. 13; 700. 13; 705. 14. 734. 678. (?), g, 11. 631. 2 , 29 673. 4• 773. 8.
;
; ;

.

3•

'
3;

628. 14; 630. [3; 636. 8; 637. 638. [4], [9]. [i3l• 21; 700. 16; 704. 8, 12, 14; 719. 724. 1 2. 669. 9• 653. 7 660. 3 668. 1 7 ; 671. 5 5 674. 8; 680. 8; 684. 19; 746. 2, &C. 776. 7• 692. 1 8.

-;

j

;

;

^/

631. 12.

732.
631.

5•
;

692.

3•

626. 21. 626. 9 750.
;

,. ? €( . ( .
674.
5•
(j)Qvhiov)

/
,

638. 5

;

731.

7•

773. 3• 657. 3• 669. 1 3. 735. 3•
(:=

757. 17• See Index

})
2
;

739.

6.

735.

.

?€)61.

/

6;

12; 759. 642. 9 662. 22; 666. 2; 668. 33; 679. 29; 682. 15; 757. 28; 760. 2 1 766. 6; 763. 12 769. 6; 770. 34 776. 13; 777. 2 2.
; ; ;

(
7
;
;

742. 6. (.?) 770. 14631. ^. (corrupt 751.
?)

672.

2;

(?)
665. 678.
;

730.

3•

664. 14; 671. 23; 683. 30 761. 15; 767. 25; 773. 39
5

689.
762. 768. 775.

'
1.3.

771. 4> 9• 685. 19, 21 ; 686.

9)

n

J

687. 18

;

689. 14• 628. 15; 629. [14]
2 9.

5

630. 5; 745.
3.

650. 17 732. II 628. 4• 635. 6.
;

;

744.

{?)

729. 7• 773. 2 8. 658. . 733. 2. 760. 9• 626. 9•

661.

6.
;

()
;
;

739.

,

7•

'
(
4•

765. 8 777. 676. 3^. 645. 7• 765. 12.

8.

^ ()

692. II. 771. 8. 767. 655. 8, 9• 655. 4; 6, 720. 5•

/;

651. 775. 701. 8, 9•

.

9•

.

639. 629. 664. 7• (i•), 659. 642. 14) 45•
;

-2

6, 8.

3•
j

,
/
3
;

680. II. 648. 53• 678. 28 773. 4°. aijMciof 635. [9] 683. 18. 750. 1 7
;

652 ().

4

(^)• 4•

j

751. 3

5

752.

753. 5. 763. 3
733.
2.

>"

764.
(?).

9•

631. 25

,. (

740. 5• 684.

,.
.
3•

4>

8; 741.

2,

6,

2;

775.

705.

3•

666.

5•

657.

,

, 6.

See Index VII.

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS
;

233

650

{a). 7

705.

I.

''

(
-'
^??€/
avjti^tos

704. 1 1 645. 9•
;

631. 27.

. ,
631.
2 4•

644. 1 5, 18 762. 9. 642. 36. 734. 13• 654. 6. 703. 648. 31 ; 699. 7 673. 20. See
;

';^'6'

674. 6. 627. 141 631. 17; 668. 764. 7• 692. 12, 5• 672. 7• 768. 9• 627. 5• 634. [3], [4]) 20.
727.

12, 15-

13.

680.
721.

5• 3•
7•
1

QT]

/611/ 637. [5])

3•

?•

{
31
;

631. 9) 632. 1 2. 668. 4 669. 8. 642. 30; 645. 5. 16
,"

€/
;

670. 23, 28,

^^
.

681. 27; 772.
?)

2.

648. 76.
5•

650 ().

762. II. 637. 30•

649.
734.
3•

,

&C.

626. 6; 630. 676. 25.
631.

6

;

713. 14

.
(
)

(

658. 6. 675. 2 (.?). 635. 7• 664. 2. 638. 5, &C. 690. 9 726. 4> 6• 666. 1 9 766. 9• 8. ) 727. 2, 5, 1
; ;

;

738.

3.

&c.

731.

8.

ra^ftof
ra|tf

See Index (), {d). 673. 2 0. 633. 29 (?); 650(a). 4•
9•

3•

670.

' / ^
8€
//»

634. [9]; 636. 696.9; 697. 13; 698. 700. 5; 701. 13; 702. 707. 7• 637. [], 24. 701. 1 8.

[];

672. 17; 699. 2; 705.
;

669. 7• 676. 3^. 669. 5•

626 .21.

'''

{^ '' ()
'' /
691.

644. 9• 626. 8. 737. 23. 697. 9 701. 5• 764. 6. 644. 27. 638. "^• 663. 4• 692. II, 22 (.?). 634. [3 J ; 642.
3•

728. 6. 765. 2, 21, 3°• 705. 6. 679. 14; 760. ?• 677. 7• 665. 8; 767. 2; 770. 2. € 638. 4• €, TSKviov 766. 14• 638. 2; 642. 5» 20. 23, 31• TeKvov 637. 7 678. 38. 50; 659. 7(?); 670. 21, 20; 768. 765. 21-2 ; 682. II ; 714. 3

"

;

;

2

;


;

€(.
1 5,

4^',

701.

' {

648.
12.

6.

645.

639.

(?).

769. 13674. 3• 631. 22; 632. 14; 636. 27; 638. 704. 14; [4], 28; 695.21; 700. 767. 12. See Index XL 638. 3 644. 7 721. 4• 694. 2 3 764. 23. Cf. Index XI. ) 727. 9• T^^rapTou) 655. II, 12 ; 729. 2. 638. 5• 704. [2] 717. 4• {d). See Index
2

8

;

( .

;

;

;

;

1

;

234

INDICES
647. 630.
13, 24, 44.
1

'
;

717.

,

8

;

757. 23.

1 1 ; 716. 1 1 QT4.. 8. 721. 7• TtX/iof 631. 9; 692. 10. 633. 8, 21 ; 634. [9], 2, 26; 639. 668. 684. 17 ; 694. 5, 12 ; 665. 29 ; 696. 9> 22 697. 4, 43 698. ; 699. 8; 700. 5; VOL 13; 702. [2];
;

4.
6
;

2

;

;

;

/-3

'

705. 8, 25; 707. 7; 708. 11, 24; 720. 728. 6, 16; 731. 12; 733. , 2, 2; 4 739. 7-9 ; 751. 2 753. 2 ; 760. 7, n663. 2; 667. 673. 2; 676. 2; 758. 2 ; 766. 771. 2. 667. 4 678. 15 766. 767. 1 8. Tts- 628. 21, [22]: 630. 3(?); 638.7,13642. 7, 4° ; 644. 1 8, 647. 4° ; ; 677.15; 678. [8]; 679.15; 680. 156; 681. 5; 684. 23; 689. 24; 697. 765. 33; 707. 15; 717. 6; 757. 22 777. [7]. 706. [i8j; 707. 14• TOKOS 641. 15; 648. 69; 701, 18-19; 711. 14; 715. II, 25; 724. 22, 25. 725. 1 8. 637. 6, 20; 704. 9• 630. 5 634. [7], [9], 24, 29 638. 648. 50, 64; 676. [4], 8, [ 3], 2 1 687. 9, 17' 2; 692. 13, 5; 695. 15, 17, 22, 27; 696. [9]; 698. 7, [n], 15, [30]; 699. 6, 9, 14; 700.4; 701. 704. 5, 7 745. int., 4, &c. 7 ; 702. 3, 7 Cf. Index V (d). 775. 6. 627. 12.
;
;

/ (?)
684
656. 15
;

687. 12 692. 21. (?) 674. . 642. 6, 25; 663. Ti/Xetoj/ 645. 9• 759. 8; 760. 4• 739. 4•

€()
iryeia

( ).
3•

12.

verso.

673. 23

;

776.

1 1.

;

;

;

;

2

;

740. 3• 757. 21 774. 8. 672. 2 ; 677. 2 ; 678. 3 ; 680. 4 683. 6, 26; 757. 4', 758. 3; 759. 3; 769. 3 ; 770. 5 ; 774. 6. 753. 3•
;

;

;

'

700. 7•
; )

;

;

;

,

;

,

;

/
6
:

;

;

,
5.

759.

7.

. 633. 23; 642. 31; 659.

.

'
-'

.
;

. 639. 5, 3*^• 645. . 650. , 650 (). 3• 647. 1 6. 773. 6. 645. 9, 634. 696. 8; 698. 23; 700.

627. 8 631. 3, 35 636. g ; 644. 7 648. 16; 665. 17; 674. 676. 34; 679. 17; 683. 8; 684. 696. 697. 47; 703. 4, 1 721. 8; 724. 29; 765. 19; 767. g; 768. 16; 770. 30. 674. 4• 667. 8, II. 630. 5• 629. 7 630. 3 ; 631. 6 634. [5] ; 635. [5], [8]; 636. 6; 637. 2, [6.?], 19, 25, [26?]; 639. 15; 640.9; 641. 642. 30, 32, 5, 54 648. 5, 23, 27, 685. 8 ; 686. 7 687. 8 ; 59 ; 649. 688. 9 689. 691. 6 692. 6 694. II ; 696. 5; 697. 7; 698. 4; 699. 4; 700. II 706. 2; 711. ?; 724. 2, 19; 725. 4. See Index II. 633. 5. 633. 19, 21, 29 (?). 676. 1 6.

;

;

;

;

;

;

6

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

2

;

711.

1

.

;

.

€(>

24; 718. [9]. 768. 3• « See Index
;

640. 6 ; 711. 764. 8. 630. 7• 676. 37• 659. 25.
633. 7) 630. 9•

1 3•

640.
(3).
;

7•

?

;

665.

9•

628. 2 2 638. [6] [3]; 698. [22]; 699. 704. 6, 8 716.
;

639.

1

7

;

17, [21];

645. 702.
645. 14.

661.

4, 7•

637.

[], 6,

25-6; 642. 27;

6;

766.

1 1.

XII.

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS
631. 21-2
;

235
;

\(

634. I. 643. 12. 648. [7©]; 666. 1 8 ; 701. 634. 3• 653. II ; 731. 25. 735. 5• woXayeii/ 628. [23]•

632.

,6

675.

5,

6

;

744.
15.

3, 5, 6, 8.

?
&C.
;

?
5?

714. [7]• 645. 8 713.

'
{?)

645. 635. [] ; 648. 75» 91-2 ; 649. 725. 2. 645. 3> 654. 3? 9> ^°• 645. 3•

.
;

6.

8; 773. 2 2. 653. 6. 630. 6, 19 ; 632. 15, 669. 15 ; 685. 13, 22 27, 57 687. 24; 688. [14]; 691. 748. 1 2. 743. 4, 6, 648. 6. 678. 31 ; 694. 14. 674. II 685. 2. 627. 12.
731.
;

2

;

;

;
;

646. 686. 13

,
;

719.8;

;

680. 4• 634. [3].
5

631. II.

642. 5, 20, 38, 5° iarepf'iv 678. 5• 667. 9• 737. 2 1.
657. 6. 626. 4; 1 6, 737. 9 15•
J

706.

6.

650. 12. 692. 2 2. 642. 43• 627. 7 692. 20. 631. 692. 2, 19; 743. 631. 692. 21. 764. 1 8.
;

3

;

;

3,

639. 3

9•

^

? /

689. 8, 29, 33• 684. 6, 741. 8, 628. 12, 17.

;

25, 3° (0•

712.

3•

? «.
/ ?
7
;

? 3?

667. II. 662. 764. 1 2. 727. 7? 32• 656. 8. 677. 8. 734. . 768. 8. 692. 642. 38 678. 5-7; 679. 25(?); 731. 3; 744. (?); 760. 5, 19; 772. 4• 666. 3• 676. 39 757. 7> 27• 672. 663. 4 665. ; 657. 635. 5• ''^^^ 773. 37 (0• 662. 7, 5» 22 ; 680. 2 ; 759. 766. [6], 19739. 5• 692. 17642. 17; 668. 19. 658. . 656. 12.

6

;

;

4

;

^ \.
/.

;

5

;

,2

,.
;^'
6
; ;

;

636. 4 638. 3 ; 634. 5 643. 5 645. 5 646. 664. 663. 2 662. 7 661. 2 8, 25 668. 2 ; 667. 666. 665. 3 ; 672. 2 673. 671. 2 670. 2 669. 676. 3, 23 677. ; 675. 674. 2 683. 681. 3; 682. 2 679. 2 678. 3; 696. 4; 697. 6; 698. 2; 699 3; 712. 703. 5; 707. 4; 708. 6; 711. 5 5; 713.4; 714.5; 715.8; 718. [2], 2 1 751. 719. 6; 720.3; 721.6; 750. 3 ... 756. 2; 757. 2; 753. []: 752. 763. 761. 2; 762. 2 ,^. 758. 2 759. ^ 768. 2 766. 2 765. 2 2 764. 3 773. 769. 2 770. 4 ; 771. 2 ; 772. 777. 2. 775. 2 2 774. 3 676. 4 4• 658. 3• 648. 62. 670. II, 658. 3• 657. , 5• See Index 2; 672. 627. 6; 664. 1 2 ;_672. 6, 19• 668. 4; 683. 8; 773. 1 2. 634. 2 2 765. 26. 654. 4, 5 727. 2. 626.
;
;

7

;

;

;

642.
;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

'-

;

5

;

;

, ;

,

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

;

^

,

'"

;

631. 25• 681. 1 8. 639. 21 ; 641. 19; 765. 22

;

773. 30•

1 1

236

INDICES
J

> ()

639. 32; 645. 7 49• [4]; 715. g 724. 2, 24, 27, 32. XeipoToveiv 642. 1 8. 642. 1 6. 647. 44• ;^;6«) 692. 5• 744. 8, 679. 6, 8, 24631. 2 2; 646. 1 2 743. 6. 630. 8. 642. 8. 734. . 734. 4) 5• 671. 13 686. 687. 24 719. 731. 12; 760. 1 2. 14 734. 1 4. 674. 8. XOVS 631. 15, 28 732. 4, 8 ; 758. (measure) 672. 4•
>'


.
711.
;

634. [is] xfipa 743. 2, [8]. 636. 19; 645. 8; 696. 11; 697. 17; 698. 12; 699. 11; 700. 9: 702. 5; 705. 10 708. 14; 710. 15 ; 712. [6]. 650. 8, 20 650 (a). 4. 650. 15, 32; 650(a). 6; 651.
; ;

<

[8];

',

. /
.

627. 630. 17 631. 31 634. 17 [5J; 635. [10]; 636. 6; 638. 20, 22; 640. 7 641. 8, 15, 17 642. 14, 45, 48; 644. 16; 645. 12; 647. 13, 43; 671. 694. 8, 18; 24; 682. 8; 689. 9 693. 6 g; D, 20, 24; 695. 23, 28; 696.5; 697.7; 697-7; 698. 3; 699. 4; 703. 6; 705. 4; 711. 98. 4 1 « /> ? i7nr\ ^r- rrrrn 2?]; 770.35; 775.17; 776. 13; 754.
;
;

,

;

;

;

;

;

[
;

.

-

14.

See Index (<5). 674. 7 700. 17 734. 626. g 627. 19•
;

14.

/

.

UUX. 631.

.
;

1

6

//
2,6.

673.
631.

4•

26; 632.
;

;
;

674.
;

6

;

735.

;

^?
;

638. 2 644. 22 ; 630. 1 6 637. 7 685. 12, 22; 689. 15, 33 692. 5; 711.

;

;

;

5

714. 3. 631. 5•

;

;

^05

;

.

773. 30.
;

(
xpeia
XpnCfiv
;

627. 1 665. 769. 7 770. 23. 664. g.

683.

{)
(

1

7

i

712. [7]

;

632. 12. 634. [7], [9], 24, 29 638. [4], 648. 64; 696. 8; 698. 7, 8, [13], 21 ], 15, [3]; 699. 6, g, 14; 700. 4; 702. 2,6; 704. 5. 727. 8. 656. 20.
; ;

[

680.

1 6.

777. 1 8. 768. 9 (?)•
2 1
;

767. 14; 769. 8; 774. 8 ; 776. 7• 634. 2, 4, [5?]; 637. 4, 7 642. 1,5, 2,[2]; 643.3,4; 644. 14; 687. 690. 2; 691. 699. 3; 713. 4', 5 714. 3 718. 15. 648. 35-6; 649. [], &C. 706. 14, 2(.?); 724. 5; 725. 4• 630. g 634. [15]; 638. 2 2, 24; 641. 3, 9 666. 10; 675. 15; 694.18; 695.27; 696. [14]; 697. 21; 698. 16; 699. 15 700. 12 702. [7]; 704. 13 ; 705. 14. 767. 3• 648. 51 665. 12; 711. 6. 634:. [6], [9]; 637. 29 641. 6; 648. 694. 14 699. 6, g, 14 700. ; 2 ; 701. 1 724. 4, 725. g. ; 663. II ; 664. 15 753. 2 ; 759. 9• xpieiv 665. 5• 665. 1 6.
; ;

/

648. 4 ; 700. „. 706. 1 8. /)? 633. 7 709. 5 674. 3
;

703. 6

;

705. 4

;

;

{)
;

;

;

;

;

2 649. 3, &C. ; 650. 2 1 653. 663. 9; 664. 12; 666.5; 669. 2; 673.22; 676. 19; 677. 6; 689. 32, 5^ ; 690.
;
; ;

9

.

;

694. 31, 43

;

695. 29, 3°
;

;

3

;

-14, 2q; 697. 20, 22, 4^

698.

;

;

'

2

;

;

XII.
5,9; 733.
I,

GENERAL INDEX OF GREEK WORDS

237

13; 734. 8, 14; 743.4, II ; 748. I, 3. 5 ; 765. 20; 767. 9, 10; 768. 7; 770. i3(?); 774. 14.

as 766. 7. 631. 20.

n, 20; 12; 672. 5, 6; 679. 15; 85. 686. 8; 687. 16; 689. 13; 691. 9; 715. 15; 743. 6. 658. 13.
le.ppofi]

€/773.

24(?).
[.
.

629. 8; 633. [20]; 642. 628. 643. 6; 659. 122; 666. i8; 669. 27;

;

.

741. 13. 741. II-I2.
](BTos

[

699.

6.

XIII.

INTRODUCTIONS AND SUBJECTS DISCUSSED IN THE NOTES.
{The numbers refer
{a)
to

pages.)

English and Latin.
land-survey 174-5• land-tenure 7-8, lo-ii. leases of garden-land 15, 25. Alexandria Leontopolis

ablaqueatio 21. abstracts of contracts 81. Abundantius, consul 162.

address of a

letter 139•

agoranomus

65, 70.

Constantius II 28, 30, 151. Constantius Gallus 29. Coptos 123. Cornelius Valerianus 89. crown-tax 104-6.
curator 48.

=

115.
liturgies 3, 5.

Alexandria 115, 142-3. 160. Antinoopolite demes 159. Antipera Pela 49-50, 112.

Cynopolite

nome

160.

loans with loans of corn 61 right of habitation 63.
;

Aphrodision 80.
Aphroditopolite

Decius 44.

loaves 175.

nome

176.
1

delegatio 114.

looms 159.

Artapatou 49.
athletes 72, 181.

demes
denarii

at

Antinoopolis 159.

i

Aurelian 32, 34.

and drachmae 10 1. deputy-pry tanis 1 1 6- 1 7
divisions of property 45, 50.

Macedonians 7. Magnentius 30. measures 62-3, 175•
mistakes in dates 29, 30. monogram 185. mortgage 34, 156Mursa, battle of 29, 30.

banks, private 59, 60.

and public

56,

eras of

Oxyrhynchus

25,

27-

Caesarion 10, 39. catoecic holdings 7-8.
centurio princeps 48, 162. cessions of land 39, 42• cessio honor urn 66.

30, 178-9. exuberaniia 11 4-15•

Mussius Aemilianus 45.
Oasis, Small 13. occatio 21. opiio familiae 162.

gold 74, 97-8• Gratian 28. guardianship 48, 76.

Christian letters 187.

Oxyrhynchite toparchies 106,

Chusis 49. Claudia Isidora 11,
35•

i3-M>

Hermopolite toparchies 106. horse, greeting to a 186.
Ibion Chuseos 49. Ibion..l( ) 1 13-14•
indictions 27-8. 161. interest, rates of 87,

177.

Claudius II 77, i53-4• Cleopatra VI 8-10, 39.

Paimis 10. pampinatio 22.

Constans 29. Constantine I
Constantius 178-9.
I

Pasko 49, 167. pairia poteslas 69, 70.
Philippi 44. poll-tax 180.
priest of

i,

27-8, 30,

27,

29-30,
Julian 29, 151•

Alexander 166.

.

1

1

238
primipilarius 48. princeps 48.

INDICES
revision of rents 174-5•
sale of land

toparchies, order of 106, 177. transport 3, 90, 93-4.
tribe at Alexandria 160.
/z//(?r

Probus

25, 55.

by the State 31.
180.

Ptolemaic papyri 5-6. Ptolemy 8-10.

Saloninus 89.

XV

48.

Serapeum
silver

5,

Ptolemy

XVI

10.

puiah'o 20.
recruiting 121.

Severus Alexander 38. reckoned by weight 96. solidi 97—8.
stationarius 94.

Valens 28, 179.
Valentinian II 28. vineyards, cultivation of 15.

recto blank 171, 177, 181. reeds in vineyards 19-20.

Stratonicou 133.

women
Theodosius 28. Thoeris 5. Tholthis 49.
ip)

weaving 79, 80. land-owners 11, 14,
177.


aypiKOs
1

years in the fourth century 27-9. representation 65.

regnal

Zenophilus, consul 163.

Greek.
138•
l6l.

2

.
7•

103.
185.
g
1
I

34.

ayvia

'
/

6 1,
99•

130.

34. 21.
3•

^
g.

33.
59>
1

.

6•
9.

-

35•
169•
1

^ //

23.

125•

15— 16.
2 2.

;
'
23.

146.
1

22.

8.

87• II 5•

;? ''
1

3•

79•
87. 95•

42.

6.

; /5

02.
74•
1 9•

23.
2

.
22.

35•

20—1.
11'].

64•

33•
21.

02. 75•
5•

^
gg.
ep»7/ia

12 0,

*]0.

24.

86—'J. 24•

€ 8,
54•

02.

23•

'««'^ 38• Kimv 24•
7, 8.

'
23.

.
24•
1

3•
42.
69.

''«^«7'7 42, 44-5» 53•

I'jS.

97•

1 23.

.
104.
41.

23.


1

183•
7

48.

46.

.

48.

*J2.

/3•)/ 2

g2. 86.
94•

48.

03•
KUpiof 48,

2.

138

23.
23.

23—4•

'

130.

XIII.

SUBJECTS DISCUSSED IN INTRODUCTIONS AND NOTES z^g
03.
14.
2 4•

\eov 24.

\€(
I

99•
l']S.
I.

» 7; '
)} »;

;?
1

21.
5•

(8
3, 1 75•

. €8
3-


veor

24• 86.

'
2 1.

38•

39•

92.

4 1.
1

68.

21, 133•

95• 1 38.
7.
8.

TtX/:tof


1

/
83•

8€

02-

75•

91

99•
2

.

79• 02.
1

74•
.

!(^ (\ . ; / »»
04•
21.

3•

7 (\
20.

93•

.
1

595 ^®•

8 1.
33•

€\(
38.

34•

4•

5~6.

1

65•

39•
2
1

71

1 1

^
21.
2
1

.

69, 7^• 97• 48•
23. 92. 86.
Xptof 121.

.

03•

170.

79•
04— 6.
94•

21, 7©•

8. 3•
48.

(

1 75• II 6.

2 2.

39> 42•

103•
9.3•

;^ ^» 3•

74•

XIV.

PASSAGES DISCUSSED.
Authors.

(^;? asterisk denotes proposed emendations.)
(a)

240

XIV.
13.G. U.

PASSAGES DISCUSSED
PAGE
19
Brit. ]\Ius.
ii.

241
PAGE

iii.

86ri.

163. 22

.

870. I 888. 4 969. ii. 23
iv.

89

99
14

102

80
.

1047 1074

II

.

149
7

1084. 22 1091. 13

1115 1122

.

33 63
38
15 19 22

*II22. 4, 5, 7 II22. 19, 20

C.P.R.

9 "19. 4

34
19 22

*244. 11-12 Gn'ech. Texie 7 Melanges Nicole 193
P.

Amh.

ii.

43. 9 85. 18

56 60 62

.

93-12
106

.

34 123
25 24

*i27. 27, 35
P.

Cairo 10013

=1762.
165 24 60
29 62 123

P.

10070 Cairo Masp. 67100. 18-19
20
90. 14
.

P. Fay. 12

95• 16
^^104.

.

20 104. 23
i.

94
181

P. Brit.

300 Mus.

99
131• 85 131. 88

93 114 23
21

131• 185 *i3i. 192
131• 374 131• 375-424 *i3i. 376-7 131. 391. 397 *i3i• 394

23 22

23 20 20 20 20
21

400 131• 437 131• 574-5
131.
.

20 23 24 23 20

*i3i*. 45 131*. 80 ii. 163, 20

.

.

.

242

XIV.
Oxy.

PASSAGES DISCUSSED
PAGE 63
P.

243
PAGE

P.

vin.

1 1

05

Oxy.

xii

*i578.

ii-iii

1116
1116. 11-15
1 1

24.

5-7
.
.

1 1

30. II

1132. 9 *ii33• 13 1141. 4 ix. 1201. 16 1206. 19 1207. 8 1208. 6
I

.

59 174 20

.

.

.

44 174 24 70
161

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EGYPT EXPLORATION SOCIETY
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