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Zeroth Review

Zeroth Review

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Published by Hussain Jaffar

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Published by: Hussain Jaffar on Oct 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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By: Satya ramesh rao.G(103179048) Satya.

P(103178192) Abinraj(103178003)


chemical production. air conditioning and refrigeration. resulting in low heat removal efficiencies  . automobiles.  However their heat transfer capability is limited by their very low thermal conductivity. computing processes.Fluids such as air. water. ethylene glycol and mineral oils are typically used in applications like power generation. These fluids have almost two orders of magnitude lower thermal conductivity compared to metals.

To study the performance enhancement in refrigeration system. To design and fabricate nano-fluid circuit over refrigeration circuit To reduce the heat released to the environment by using liquid nitrogen.   .

heat removal is provided by the liquid nitrogen.   . greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced by using nanofluid circuit. Increase the heat tranfer and thermal conductivity of working fluid which results in performance enhancement.

heat transfer rate was limited with low transport of conventional refrigerant.   conventional refrigerants emits more carbon di-oxide to the atmosphere. Refrigeration creates greenhouse gases both because of the energy used to operate the equipment and because of the inherent global warming potential (GWP) of the refrigerant gases. .

 . Introduction of special circuit for dumping the absorbed heat and emitted gases in liquid nitrogen chamber. Introduction of nanofluid passage over refrigerant tube through out the process to absorb heat.


. Nanofluids: The nanofluid is a solid-liquid mixture in which metallic or nonmetallic nanoparticles are suspended. The suspended ultrafine particles change transport properties and heat transfer performance of nanofluid. which exhibits a great potential in enhancing heat transfer.

liquid nitrogen circuit : heat absorbed by nano fluid is dumped in liquid nitrogen chamber.   . Synthesis of nano fluid : base fluid with nano particles suspended to it to form a stable colloid. nano fluid circuit : nano fluid is passed over the refrigeration circuit with uniform flow.

 Particulars Place .

Y. Heat Fluid Flow 21 (2000). dimensions and properties of the nanoparticles affect the thermal conductivity of nanofluids . Li. shape. J. Heat transfer enhancement of nano-fluids. The volume fraction. Int. Low nanoparticles concentrations (1±5 vol %). the thermal conductivity of the suspensions can increase by more than 20%. Xuan. Q. 158±64.

Thiesen. Putra. Roetzel (2003). Das.4% to 24. Journal of Heat Transfer 125: 567–574. Temperature Dependence of Thermal Conductivity Enhancement for Nanofluids.S. P. K. N.3% with increase in Temperature from 21 to 51 ◦C . CuO and Al2O3 nanoparticles dispersed in water (effect of temperature) 4 vol% Al2O3 dispersed water nanofluids thermal conductivity raise 9. and W. Transactions of the ASME.

Cammarata.One step process. Since nano powders can be obtained commercially in large quantities. . Eds.Two step process.A.. R. Nanomaterials: Synthesis Two types of synthesis: 1. C. some economic advantage exists in using two-step synthesis methods that rely on the use of such powders. 2.. S. 2001.




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