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ISLAMIC NAMES

BY: Annemarie Schimmel


Translated by: Guity Aryan

NationalLibraryof theIslamicRepublicof Iran


Tehran:1997

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Islamic Names
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6469856 :u@B ; 64624 : U

Title:IslamicNames
Author:Annemarie Schimmel
Translator:
Guity Aryan
Publisher:National Library of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Circular:2000
Printing:1 St.
Lithography:
Neda
Printinghouse& Bindary:Neda
Date:1997
Price:$5.00
N.L.I. Card Number: M76-1854
30 Tir Street,Tehran,Iran,P.Code 11364, Tel: 673315, 2280937
Fax: 0098-21-2288680;Publication 6462040, Fax: 6469856

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A  kwn o M /jnAj B (An Aki tBPw) A oTij o~
jBTwA jAj kvQ pA BAoA /k{ jBTwA oTzM BMp oU wnB B

wA BB

38

kvQ
A
` ,kB jAjAki B ,jAjA o BB M An BovQ k
Te jAje n ,jAj Ben kB /j{ KoU A BwA pA BM kAU
BTv@BQ nj ] j{ jBTwA yhM rA pA jAj B] M SwA
/jAjnL
BM KoU Rn M Te B yhMA ,yhM&A :kB /[j{ U bux rA
A
/yhM Ajq :kB /jo nAo jBTwA jn Ajq wnB rA
C |Bi U BM  o nj k{ o { M jAj kvQ oU BMp nj

,@ birdi
joM ,@ Virdi
jn BRn M d
BwA jn nBM (jAj A) berdi
A jo M& A
:kB k{ Ao A BwA pA BM KA kC j] M jn&

joM nBL]
joM Bi ,@ Haqqverdi
jn e
rbirdi
liqbirdi
, @ Jabba
,@ Kha

joM BdLw
anberdi
:jnAj j] q wnB wA BM kvQ
A KoU /@Subh

joMAki
berdi
joMoU kB SwA [An C }Bi oU oTzM ,@ Khuda
qU) Taghri
birdi

tengri, tangri oU oU rA pA Mo uoj ,@ Taghri


joM o BB /(SwA
nAo jn
Anj (SwA jAj AjB]) Mengbirdi
hberenoM&A wA ,ko
BMp oU AoA BjABi B nj (kjAki) Alla
/SwA [An
B A jnAj j] xn
q MB\Q ,kw ,jnA kB k BBMp nj

h- di ya
Bj&A /k{ oU B wnB B A
qB] k
Bj en ,@ Alla
yo
An &A ,@ Dha
ni - dina
BjAj ,@ Rahi m-dina

,(SwA jnC-) Allah vara


jAp K\) Sa'in dino
j w B (SwAjAj B] -) Alla
h-rakhiya
Bin@&A

b Alla
h AMB] B  jnAj An wB{e SBe B (SwA jAj
Bo A B{ nj Ja
nCjB wA
A BC ,j{ kAi jAjj ~h{  SwA nC K\U /(20)jnAj
/?Sv (
] ovQ) ] M A
SwA
,Sv Bi ]T z k{ jB BwA nj wB{e ue

39

] pn nj kU

kpo KeB kA  k{BM jo  BA pA B BBA pA ,(|)@oLBQ


veB B kdB o BB M BnBi nj Rn
A nj  ,k{
Swo nj yhMnke B ( BMo) Ao@A ,jAj BwA ;nioM
nj ,SwA nBvM (oLBQ k) yhML BTv@BQ nj /knAj nAo B{ BwA
, njBAkL B pA k{ T o (tn jBo k) yhMV BwA  Be
SB{ BM  jnAj <> M nB{A w nk pBL{ B pA k{ T o yhMnk
/SwA [An AoA B{
M yhMn B/SwA k{ kpo KeB }h{ A
,Seo)
rA KoU pA knAj wB{ e
pA Bz  BwA pA oj Twj
@

A LUn B KUoUM /kC j] M BBA pA B oLBQ ,Aki B BM (


M j{ ]n] M n
B A ,Ap o A ,A
,A
kAU BwA
/k{BM [
k{ BU Rn M B@ ]
,ke A
, [40 C ,27nw
Bv e A kB /k{ o{ (yzhM) Bv e A rA BM kAU BwA
A pA oj Twj

k{ pBC B A B SB
A B M n
rA BM  BwA pA Twj C kB  e Bve
BU ,kTv [An BTv@BQ k nj oTzM BwA pA 
A /ko nAo jBTwA jn

B
Bo L
B
 S
a BB M , e o A SB
B , e o A S
kB BwA
 KoU pA  BwA d A B A B /knAj j] q (kAki znqM BveA)

&A
qB] kAU vdABwA
` /ko nAo jn
Anj k{ TiBw
nAo jBTwA jn (\U ,UoQ)
rA Te /o oL A  ,&A :j{
 e o A
kB /jo
BC wA JBhTA BM BA pA B oLBQ ,Aki M SLv
kA wB{e BU
M nj k{BM T{Aj jB{  kp B{kpo 
A M kA M ,j{ BM
 SwA jo xnBw yAoQ M (|)@oLBQ Aop ,SwA ij BwA
A kC j]

M o ,RjBw ,SoM a BrA /k jBTwA


xi BB pA

wA BB

40

ovQ oTij u] j o AoM BMp wnB B nj /kn nB M BwA nj n


BM  BB B ,k{i ,Bd{i ,kB /jnAj j] xi rA KoU BM BB
,nB kB BB ,BM ,Mpn ,poM :kB ,k{ TiBw M rA KoU
/k{ A Bj M n
M q jAqio
B ,AoB@

R rA pA BKoU BM BB ,oU BMp nj pBMoj pA


j] (Bd{i) qt
ug
ur n A B ,(Bd{i) (kutlu :kk] A) qut
lugh U :kB /SwA T{Aj
Gnkut R ,@ Aykut RC M AU [An poA BwA pA /(yQoi)


zQ nBpn nj /jo nB{A (xi pn B Bd{i k{ni Bd{i B)

mus
x jC BB BM An oU n@l jAp k  jM
x jwnA ,@ Aydog
(kC BjM k{ni ,o{ ,B ) Gndog
mus
x j B ,@ Arslandog
mus

Korkmas(qorqmaz)tB n :kB Bo BwA JBhTA BM ,k koi

lmaz pB (j{ kAnA) rkmez qnA,(@BM M)


Mi kp (yow) Yi
B{ o~U nAkU nj BnU vw uw oMBM  B /k pnC AoM

l Ak An ji ovQ ,jM k Mo

p
A nj ,jB B (oM An k) Hinda
ov BwA oU o{ nj :kqoM yAovQ AoM B BB ~h{ SwA

{BLM ,(pBMow) Asker


wA ;knAj j] () AlayC ,(joow) Binbashi
/(22)SwA pnC k BM B (kAhM kAU  v@) Okmu xA o
,kjM BX nAoPA w SdU  BC |~i M Mo Bnz nj

sha
B{BM :kB oU BK
,o{) (elebi La =) Shalabi L { B ,@ Ba
Bj AoM {oQ AkC pnC BM k{ jB BwA BU /k{ S B (K\
Ro
v An A ,kBM Bj M oTij ,ovQ
ka kU pA kM o@A k{ JBhTA
nj ] :jn nB M wA A M BBMp BU nj pnC rA /kB ( Bd{i)
/[oU nj ] Dilek j [wnB nj ] BnC B ,pnC , [Mo

41

] pn nj kU

nj o o ,Bj AoM BwA KB nj A BpnC BU n Beo M


UjnA :jAp
p) j p BwA B Jo nj /SwA jM jBp BC B
,jo j ka pA kM  Bj M (BC BMp nj ErdmannBjnA ,@ Erdmuthe
M jAp bn kQ BwA 
A JBhTA pA o ,k{ A kjM kC Bj M
AoM  jnAj j] wA jAkU q BBv B nj /jM BwC M pAoQ pA L ,
p
/jnAj j] o i pA BC e AoM wn /j{ JBhTA j
TiBw
A
pA) d :kB ,kAi k{BM <kp> zn pA  B M An j SwA
X
nz p B B ,y ,(jo kp = o zn pA) n ,(kp = e zn

oUoY
pA y B L A M A KoU |~i M ,(kp = y zn pA) zB
nj /SwA zn
pA q (kBA) ( L )
B L /SwA Aj M B M Aop ,SwA
BB BoU nioM kB B kB] BwA M AoA o pe B
lmezqA Te ,(kB kp ,k kp A) (ya
sha
r) Yaar nB{B

M (kB) durmak @Bnj k{ o B{A /koM nB M An (AjB])


A) Dursun wnj ,(kB BM) Duran Anj :kB ,k{ A wA AAo

M (kp) Ji ] zn k nj /(SwA nBkB) Durmu xnj B ,(kB


Ju
wa A] ,@ Ji nu
n ] ,@ Ji a C] BwA JB\Q nj X /jn nB M n

na B]
,@ Ji ndo k] ,@ Ji an C] pA kUnBL BC W
{  ,jnAj j] Ju

] ,@ Ji ni ]
/(23)Ji wi

(kM) k L rA KoU pA jBTwA BM  nAmB ,BBv kkvQ wn


BLA
dA kL :kB /jnAj AjB]  SwA A BB pA
k L ,(kp )

nAmB pA SwA

` /o (z ) AkA k L B ,(AjB]@)
nAjji k{BM jo qC]B n M  Twj B jABi jAo A pA BM 
k B M joM BMB  k{BM ,~h{ B j jABi nj o@A ,j{

wA BB

42

(24)</k{BL

A o BU M xo ABzA SwA wA >

B BM B M A nAmB B\M ,k{BM @BM j o pA T



A pA /knAm A oM S{p B B { kAn nj jAj Ko AoM ,SLX
BaB M JB\Q nj (jo A) RU ,R M AU Mo BMp nj BwA
{ = ) ChebinouLa a wA uU nj /jo nB{A (o `M) Machhai
nj C Be /(25)j{ joM nBM (SwA oTz
] A
M  qa C M

z qwjC kC Bj M jo j ka pA kM  jAp B KA BoU B


Adsi
B /(26)kp za An A v jnAk wA `M  Bp BU Aop ,jM kAi (BM)
M
,BJo k wn L /SwA [An Ao B{ nj wA kM M w A
T n nB M
] kBwoU AoM (]) J o e B ,(w) K
 ,(gU) o a BB
[An oj BB] uU nj BwA 
A (|)@oLBQ SBh j] BM p
oa pA BA AoM (k{ oa) K zn pA k{ T o BwA
` ;SwA
/jn nB M B { oM j@

,kB{Q AoTij tBL B`MovQ M


] kAn AoM B  B`
nj ] BMp :kB k JBhTA BC AoM q An BwA
oUS{p n
M SwA
z B /(27)[JB\Q nj ] (yP{) Chilra Aoa (AjBMp) Gonara AoB , [o~
[An BTwpi nj  (kB{Q An ynBM Ae Rn C BM 
zi
zQ anBQ)

qi M B /(28)jnAj nAo BwA pA joTv Twj


A q] q SwA
(M e) Bula
Jvd Bp AoM nBhT A MB B ,SwA p jM B T Bz k B{ nj @
/(29)jnAj  j{ A ovQ M o@A  Be nj j{
 knAj Bwn BvU ,jnAj j]  kp
U AoM  MAjC B pA
knAj B kd 
U a Binj M pnj M njB B nkQ :j{ Mo wA M
 S
A M koi wBL knC Swj M An
A pA  Q pA kn

43

] pn nj kU

 oj B JB\Q nj /(30)k{BM BA nj nBpn kq pA C k{Q BM B{kpo

A  Bj /ko uQ pBM pA k AM An A kM j{ jAj znj M

m Bhi k M AU An SwA k{ Ao]A B{jn nj wn


B (Ak ) Ghula
ti UAoi
~h{ M kU pA uQ B M An  SwA

` /kB Khayra
B`M An A`M
a JB\Q nj ,ko uQ pBM w B ooi ka ApA nj kkM

k RBw B (k{ Tio ) Bechai


oU nj /kB (ooi S) Satkandi
BM nj q MBz wn /SwA T{Aj B (nAq[Q BM M) Bebine M yM p
j{ o  An A`M BTvB A B{ nj A Bo{BU nj /jnAj j] BTvB A
B , [wnB ] o B k jn o nAnC AhTwA B pA SwA o i o nj
/(31)knAm A oM [oU ] br nM
jAp oM SwA jo  An A`M wA AU BC  SwA
A qAoM WdM Aw
M  jnA nj o jnAj j] SBe j o ?oi B S{Am kC Bj M A pA kM @
jAp kU pA uQ SwA
/(32)kB B B <
zB]> An jAp jBw
B ,j B BM Rnz pA uQ Rn
A nj  kj n jABi AoM TL~
SwA LBTwA nj |~hM
zoU eA nj wA oU ;k An A
A AoM yB  knAkQ k{BM z A pA SL Ao B ,oo{ L~ jAp o@A
/(33)SwA
w
SwA
A kC Bj M Cnj  ~ A B kU pn joPw oBi M AoM jBw An
B  nB /k{BM A kU Bp B pn k BM  j{ JBhTA B AoM @
,(SwA kC Bj M Lz pn) Dominique j , Nol BB BM jAo A
{ ,B\ n ,B  n ] B n |~i M q BBv
M ,nAj April oQA B
/j{ A jAo A M  SwA nBL B B (pn tk B) [B n =o~
AM BC Lm SA oBi M  kTv BB q o d ,BL { ,K] n

wA BB

44

( Safar Bey M. Mo ,@ Safar kho


ja ]i o)o B /k{ JBhTA wA
nCjB BBv  AoM ()
ve BA RjB{ pn
a nCjB B{
M nj
kC Bj M Bn B nj  Bj /SwA (|)oLBQ RB nBM
oiC
BMp nj pnB M wnB BMp nj B pn M (B :W )
B SwA

^nA B  nC jB M An oU p
/k{ kAi Oru ^nA oU
Bj M Bn B nj  j M q (Aki B) &Ao { wA /S{Aj B Sa'im Oru
B n :kB jo KoU oj BwA BM AU An B wA /j{ A kC
o M k
A rA jq A k BBv B oTzM AoA nj ; [BM RAo\ nj ]
pe nj /(34)(
j SA = Milla) A BL { ,k A K
] n :kB SwA wo wA

` ,j{ A kC Bj M B o nj  Bp M o B AoA o


/k{ TiBw nlC rA pA jBTwA BM Bp Ajo AoM AAo BwA
B tk BK{ pA ,nk K{ nj ,nk A B BM k p  SwA kM
B /@ Ramazan Idi k B n om B SwA
` ;SwA kC Bj M Bn
o
k B ~h ,BBv k j pA nj j  SwA AAo Bd{i

,@ Idu
k o BB n
A pA /kBM Bj M (pn B BBQ nj)
k , [JB\Q nj ] Ido
AAo [Bo C B{ nj ] jB
B ,jB ,jB A ,kAM ,k A , [BTvaM nj ] kd
nj ovQ o@A /jn nB M wA A M (Bayram AoBM) k oU jAoT SwA
B nj Baqr idi k oM JB\Q nj ,kBM Bj M (BMo k) d  A k

jn BMo AoA BoU


nverdi
BwA /j{ kAi (SwA jAj BMo ) Qurba

geldi
k ]Be oU nj B [AoA nj ] ]Be , [uU nj ] ZBe
jji
(kC ]Be) Ha
pBM [e ow pA B]Be  Bp B \dl B nj B C KeB kU pA Bz
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,kBM Bj M AMn jpAj ,<LAj> (|)@oLBQ kU pn nj  Bj@

45

] pn nj kU

[uU nj ] Miloud j ,j
,@ [Mevlu
t R = oU ] j SwA

kBM Bj M K]n T SvM ,(|)@oLBQ ZAo pn nj  BC k{ kAi


BL{ nj A`M o@A /k{ kB [BTv@BQ nj ] kAZAo B ,ZAo SwA

:W) n{B B j{ kAi Berat RAoM oU nj kBM Bj M AoLA



/SwA kC Bj M (od B j) An{B pn j  kj Bz (MAn{B
B e A ,bB A) to  BA pA R joBw nj  Bj@
/k{ kAi Bw o B ,to B kBM Bj M j{ kAi (BMn S
/kB RnBpAn A AU k{BM |Bi jAqBA RnBp BM Bq  kU  Bp
jC B ,] :kB /k{ JBhTA wA A M kAU q T Bpn B
C W {  [eAw ] v i ,Bivi ,(L{[Q) u i [wnB ]
jBTwA qo SwA
kM L{[Q B Bo{BU nj oj o pA /(35)SwA v
i
B ,@ Raba M n B{ M Bo C B{ nj B A M ( M n A )L{nBa /(36)j{

L w Rn M L{ pn ,jnAj j] LarbehMo
A wA Sabbati SL w B Sebti S
/jnAj j] (ALz) Lz oQ B AoA nj /j{
Bp nCjB AoM Mi xn wA A M j kU Bp ~ B JBhTA
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A /SwA jAo A kU
jnAj j] b

B BM z jBM ovQ SwA T{Aj nBA Enno Littmann #BTA
pA BTvMo nj |~i M ,T{m nj /(37)SwA kC Bj M
p jph{ B @

A) SwA k{ jBTwA (BTvMBU B ,nBM RB pA)  B M n o BB


nj k{ nC] BwA Bnj /(kn nB M oU oe kM z BwA
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pn nj  SwA Mo j B o /(BTvp = BT{ zn pA) BT{ (qBQ

/]oT /BC 
d 1956 1875 #

wA BB

46

wA jAkU #Ane J] nj BT /(AnBM = o zn pA) k{BM kC Bj M AnBM


,Z
Y ,[ Y , [ Y :kB jnBM Rnk M
pow C nj  SwA oM nCjB  T B

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li B@A SwA
kC Bj M JB\Q nj d Bp nj  j@

(Bw
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kBj BwA o oQ B`M pA nBvM C tBwA oM  SwA jM BiB C
B`M oM BiB C kw  B UQ
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oM MB AeA L B`M B k nj |~i M ,Bnz pA M nj
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pA o
pBC oe BM kAU wA ,SwA @Be AnBw pn BL{ RBBw
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p nAmB {
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B A oiA /k jBTwA KB ji B B pA jnAj B B kC Bj M
/(41)SwA T B oU xi B B M K wU oj }h{

A JBhTA S /knAj B Ao] BB oM Sj ~h{ BwA pA jAkU


B Mecca Beg M o BB JBhTA BC ,Sv
{n z BwA 

na kha
n Bik
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A M Madi

/]oT /nw MoJ] nj T ##

47

] pn nj kU

tk BB C M B
a
T{Aj BM B{kpo knAkA
kA BM ,kAkC
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kT jABi nj }h{  kj Bz b M [Nazaf = k nj ] \ wA


knAkA B kAk{ B Ao nj Roe
k RnBp M B  kC Bj M {
B
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r Beg M o~ B , Ao
jn nj d M wA TvMA /jnAj j] q Mis
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AkT Ajo pA yM Bp jnnj B Ao] BwA pA jBTwA kwn o M
oM /SwA W ArA Mo BMp nj (
p) nA  S
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uU nj /AoA nj MMAoU wA
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B BM nj /(43)k{ A Bp M  Tourzeur npnU uU a BB
nj /jn nB M Bp AoM ,Sv q w o BTwAj p Bo B  k
]j ,(JAj) Tuna Bj . BU :kB /k{ A Bp M BBijn B oU
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Bpn B ow nj cL pn B SBnj Ao Roe Aq AU


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pA nBvM nj ,kMBnj ,kAi  An `C  kAj Mo K A  B\C pA
AoM jApC /k JBhTA ji Akpo wA AM An L\ RBLoU jnA
nj ~h{ pn  k a k /@@12 o d oB{ ,uB kp

* Pakistan Times

wA BB

46

k
M j{ gwBQ kwoQ An A B B /kM jBMC nA nj An xABi
oM Sj  jM k{ UB Aop ,kp pBM ow A BM SLd pA d uQ ,kBM
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kv B ; [jo jBz AoU w o :1 C ,94 nw ] jnAj B ([AoU w ]
SzM a :13 C , 81 nw ] SwA (k{ jnC jq) zlifat S p A oU
/[j{ jq
\ A , [1 C ,91nw ] ( cL B{n k{ni) d A
u { a BB

C ,3 nw ] ( d qBTwj)  Y A o A , [3 C , 86 nw ] ( mB nBTw) K


BXA

#
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B e ~
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q (joM BQ) l A a BB

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47

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51

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wA /SwA nAjnioM Bi Soe pA ,kMB oj BvA BA n kM BU
B z oU B nj |~hM [q o ] v A , v ,u Rn~M }h{ A

Bi wA pA oU nj Te /SwA JLd


jB TwA BU S pA B Yemlikha
/j{
vU A AoM pAkA M ()KBMAM ,(|)oLBQ jBAj ovQ B
B { k{BM B kd }h{ B T ,SwA k{ SAn /SwA qq zU
B{ wn L (30)/j{ T {C oM
(t)B pA A jA (Ajo ) Ajo B{
,j{ kB (Akio{) Ak w A , Roe :k{ kAi @B BB M
/SwA kwA ynqMnkQ B B  kB o{ M nke An xnjB AkTMA Aop
/k{ jB TwA nM A BM BLUnA nj/SwA o{ B M  BwA n A pA
LoU { M ; [oU Arslan ] wnA [wnB ] o{ BrA ,o nke oM
A oA ()  B\C pA /nke ,o{ :kB kn nBM
kAi q (AnLp kBo) d
A o A Xke tBwA oM (AnAjBAkBo)
]oT /o\ A o jBp M nB #

59

kAki w pA nB

jB TwA BU M oA B A .wA oA ,o ,oA kB BwA ,j{


tBwAoM (31)/kAjAj SLv () M wA nAq BU Svj ,{ Bkv /k{
nj An  ,(|)oLBQ wU (@Bi nkQ) JAoUMA   jnAj Ro{ Xke
A nj  SwA k{ jAj jM TB T i k\v @Bi n
JBM A nj oj bo{ B{j Wke nj Be nj ,SwA oLBQ  pA @Be
TvAj <!k{BM @Bi nj STwj z  k{BM> M  pA @Be AoC k{ jAj
pA /jnAj j] q JAoU Rn~M SwA [An nBvM B{ M wA A (32)/SwA
za) A B (Aki Swj) Ak C pA uQ An pA yM () JBA
(33)/k{

jB TwA (Aki

tBveA B ,A BA M jABi L TvMA z oBM BwA pA nBvM


B\A nj /SwA kC BkM A SB { oYA nj B{kpo  k{BM M SLv tBPw
, o ,S , RAo i ,jAk A , o
BB M AU
M ,kTv [An yhM jAj BwA AoA nj / nB{A nBjB jB

jnB{ wA n

oU  pA jB TwA BM (SwA jAj [ ]B{) Sha
hwirdi
M z Be nj ,jnAj j] ( wU k{ xpA) pA wA/jn nBM

nBQ (k rA pA jB TwA BM) {B , K d a BB nj BA


,@ Piya
rAli
q ( M k @) nB C Be ,j{ jAj Bz Swjnke B nB
(34)/j{

A jAoA M

T{Aj pnC xovQ AoM BA B B B JBhTA BM SwA  }h{


oz{) nBA l /k{BM B~i AnAj nBqoQ () kB q  k{BM
Lo BwA nj M jn nBM |Bi wA AM BU () nz (j j

_ a
nj \Q wA Te ;j{ nB{A C M (oz{) QilichAli
/cT :kB jnAj j] AAo M q c T  rA BM k{ TiBw BwA /jAj j] AoA
BBo BM B{ BA A SB\{ BLUnA kB B BwC BBv BAoA

wA BB

60

/kj Bz Twn o
B JBhTA BM An AoA gnBU nj ABvA S~h{ Twn
:kB j{ jAj vM n a BkvQ pA jB TwA BM SwA  B
MB jnAj SLX  wA o BM B  kwn o
M B ,n
/SwA wo B AM q wA KoU AoA nj /k :kB /SwA KoU
jB TwA K]n a B pA oA pA ,SwA Roe kU poBw K]n jqw
/(jnAj j] q oj BB BM wA A KoU ,RnkM) j{
KoU k L rA BM kd kB q B Sv cd j o
pA kao
wnB rA pA jB TwA ,j{ TiBw o Ak L B k L a BB k{
oA B Aliqul  , kM :kB SwA oT qul  oU rA kM

rquli

pA |i SB jAj Bz AoM jAoA Sv Te /(kM) Ami


n
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(35)/SwA

T{Aj j] B y @

jAkU M An ji B B Roe Roe AovQ ,()ve ()ve


:kB BwA BTv@BQ knj |~hM (36)kAjAj w { AovQ pA nBzM
A ,(ve kzhM) v d A  ,vd A n
,(ve BBMo) 
v e B
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k ~
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= Mo) j{ kB o L { Roe nqM ovQ  kj nTwj oL] M kAki


SwA w nB SLv kB (|)kd () kBzi Aop ,(ve
W { B Te k{ kAi o L { oTA] ovQ uQ /S{Aj B oL{ nB ovQ

61

kAki w pA nB

Uo ,()ve LT\ ,()ve ` (37)/SwA Tn nBM q o L { C


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TiBw C pA (kwj ) k w
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BB k{ kAi  v e jBvM kC oj jnA nj /SwA k{
B Roe ovQ w /k{ TiBw C pA Swj  v e B ,pA v e
ve zn pA BC AovQ oj B kB  S{Aj B v d k{ w  Roe
/SwA qq B{ AoM q A B k{BM
nj  ()oA B pA Te BC jABi BBA BB pA B{ , A nj
()nBa BA K ,kMBAp /k jB TwA SwA k{ k{ Mo nj j@
,j{ vU kMB p = A p wA j M nTwj A i oM B@
,() TAkd ,()Bn ,()BA w ,()(
jB ~A)
o] ,()oBM
nBM ([)k j BA B ` ()ovA ve () A
ve , :k{ jB TwA oU oe kM k{ jB BwA  n M /kn
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:kB j{ KoU q kL BM BC BwA A oM ,k ,Bn ,B @
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rA kM B k{ A B{ wA q Roe nkQ ,KB MA B ,TLA
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B (|)oLBQ BM ji TvMA oM k@BU AoM BjABi K A /jo { ,j{

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w ,(nke jABi) nke C o
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nke B jA ,( Akpo) ve R o T , R o T ` ,(-) ve
jAj SLv oLBQ M L C B keA C B BM }h{ SwA  ` /kB
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k{ TiBw BA rA pA jB TwA BM BwA ,|Bi BA B o@l kM B@

wA BB

62

kM BM AoM BA yzhM pAoAow M KUoTM BA 


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, BA a BB pA kTv (|)oLBQ jA  RAjBw Te BBA M SLv
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(BBA kM) A kL
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BUnBp nj xnAq  ()BAw oTij B ~ C W {
jnAk BBQ k  BBv AkMA  kwn o
M /k{ A wA SwA
wo Mo oe jk xpnA pA jB TwA BM wA KB nj kU gnBU BM BC M
ABM SwA kC BkM j 1780 oMAoM o\ 1194 Bw nj  ~h{ X /SwA
BM oMAoM wA A oe jk xpnA Aop ,j{ kB kdC kAU xn
= ,30= ,1 =C ,40= ,1 =A ,30= ,1000 =) SwA C KeB kU gnBU
/(#4=j ,40= ,8=b ,40
:kB nioM |Bi BwA KB nj Co RAnBL M BM nj 1581 Bw pA
jB
RAnBL pA SwA kM M nj pA nB K [An   MjB

q BwA  U ,jk ,SwA k{ To (AhM An RAq\ k nB{C)
/jn nBM |Bi wA AM
Aop ,kpn JBT]A (|)oLBQ A] ov ,zB B joM nBM pA B{
njB ,\ki B Be nj ,SwA jM jow  (t)B () BM MAn
BvAkw B Roe BB /k{BM B{ L jn nBvM (t)B
B AoqAkL
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BB (t) B (38)/SwA [An  B{ B nj (Ak@BQoh) T LA q


o An :kB /k{ A AoA Bp B AAo M  jnAj q oj
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/]oT /SwA k{ o@l 8 = j M A T nj #

63

kAki w pA nB

/(k SLd A BM BT{o  v@) Y k d (BM ,@BQ) p , nBL


yUBw kke y BB BM B`M@ovQ AnBC nj 1950 j nj
A wA /AkM An BB a JBhTA j k{ B\ jo RB An Sati lmei
(|)oLBQ MBd pA B k{ oU {
jqnj  k{BM {B
wA /SwA AoTeA MB d jo AoM SwA k nw po jq wA
jnAj nm M nB{A Sati UBw C W { (k{ Tio) Sati lmi yUBw
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/knC nj A Ski M An B{kpo
w oUnz ,SwA [An B] nj d BA BM  nAmB
oBhM B /k{ kB oB] ,B{jBQ Bnj BkM  SwA B{ oL@A ovQ
A qo oL@A jM k{ JBhTA Tza wg{ B ykC BkM pA nAmo{
AoA ;SwA [An p [lBzA = ] Chadli B uU nj /kAh B A M An
,jn nBM ,SwA uU cUB L  k w B pA k{ To oM  L wA Ao

o~nj /SwA wo jM d tk }h{ B  k L B uMB nj C Be


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LA keA /( w kA AoMA jBM) wj BwA
lB{ o S~h{ j jBM) woA
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w Kp S
w a BBM Bp AoM ,jnAj j] (o\ T o nj
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xovQ AoM An Ak jd o\ 11 o nj Bznj K B LBTwA nj
o tk \] jBM An xovQ AnBC jq nj zBTwn ,kqoM
Sv /kB q ve ,jnAj nAo o{ M oz APU oM xnAq  w
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wA BB

64

nBMnj Benj /k \U ,jo kLU wA A M An oz o\ 8 o nj


K (/ 783 :R) o kA o{ jBM  nioM kA o{ B M k
kM Akpo B BjABi pA M nj Sv ` /SwA TB ZAn Bznj
A jnA pA nBvM nj  k{BM jnow B Bn  o pA M TvMA
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/k{BM k o]A A Tza  k A  ]Ai jA kTv k
oQ ,Ben oLn /SwA LB] nBT ji wk BA  BL BwA
/SwA wA Bj o{ yhM nj [An B jApoQ , JBA [wnB nj ]
pA ioM K /k{ kB jApkh jA  kh k{o `
kAB M AU BX AoM :jnAj ] SBe BzjM oM k@ B U AoM Bwk
SwA oB tk U a \ AkMA ,jo nB{A AkMA ve (Bwk) BA
:kB ,jn nBM q |~hM  o AoQ AoM rA A oU nj]
A q] q Pa BA (BjApC) nAoe A Ak L , [Kayg
usuz Abdal AkMA pw@
A nB{A jn B KBh ] Rn~M z k{o B  /kTv BwA pA Twj
/j{ jB BC pA BzA rA pA jB TwA BM B BwC nj ,j{
kAi SwA B{qaB AoQ M SLv BC S { oBz  L BM BA B@
KUoTM  pA kM pA Ko B ( njBAkL K) oTwj oQ :kB k{
kM JBA (nB) V (nd) K /kTv pAnj v Tza kA  JBA
pA eB M An JBA A  pA nBvM TLA /SwA  o nj jAoA oUBQ
AoM ApAoQ kM JBA pA kM BM Swo k B /kAjB jioM Aq n
Jo o Te MB o AoQ pA o AoM  BL ,knAj ji AoLn
k{ B) B (Aki nj kB BM) BM BM /SwA kj BU  Bv
TLA A pAn B ,k{ A wA kTv  RBe A q]  (Aki nj

65

kAki w pA nB

oLn AoM L MB B kAU nBAZBU B ,{BA ZBU /SwA Aq@


BA pA  o
M BA jM Ji Bv  j nj B kAn Te ,k{BM tk
An Sw AoM jM knC nBA u{ ywA yzinj op nj jL
/kkAi v { = A u{
BBUnBp oY B U SdU B  o M TvMA S M BjABi pA nBvM
jBw wA kAU  ,knAj ji BwA Swo nj k{ o@l  `C o
BB BC
M ] ( oQn) [oU ] Pir-nur noQ B (oQ pA) [oU ] Pirden joQ ,jAjoQ

M ve , k ] :kB kT Bo pA wA B k{BM [knAj nB{A n B


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l ] oU nj) kA] B
] BXTwA jnA nj /(jnAj kQ n BM Cela

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Aop SwA k{ To n kA] wA pA Se nj  k{ A Bp B Cela
/kATvp oL d nj oTij kA
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kAi (j k kp) kA d ( oTnqM) A VBwA M  k{BM

knAj nB{A A M kATB zU k{ o@l oB pA  wA jBp jAkU j{


Bj V B B SwA  kC BkM pA BTA k BM  yhM V B kB

kM |iA k BM jBvM  BwA ` ,k nj Ghauth- dina


 [An nBvM B njB  ,]  ,V  :kB ,SwA A M SLv
Jo o Bnz nj (39)/jnAj j] ] B ] B uU nj /oTwj
k{ TiBw M o\ Mo BMp nTwj pA B@C k ,k nB L{ nj |~hM
p  SwA K\ AoM /SwA Ko Jo xM  k{ BB
wA A BM p) j{ kAi MBvA kAd  Te B MBvA kAd
M V  BwA BM Bp /(SwA jB BM j jBMCnke nj An nz k\v
u BTwAj M ] wA oU knAj j] q Dastgir Bi MoTwj

wA BB

66

V kd kj nB oTnqM AoTeA M jo T /SwA jnA BMp M o


M jAkM B M njB wA /k{BM T{Aj B Y  kAU q p /j{ kB
/Sv  q [jAkM nj  C BAnC oBhM ]
/jnAj j] q  oj o BnqM BM BLUnA nj ,k{ o@l  `C o
BB
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BB BM koUJLd q njB pA Te  Tza o wk pA k nj
BvA kA a BB M q Bp /j{ jB pAKo  B kA 
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[ kA ko pA BzB BvAko kAko  BwA BM jAoA ,SwA k{
kAi  B  jBvM jo B /SwA k{ To BTv@BQ A nB{
ovQ o@A /jz A wA |Bi k{o M nB{A kM k{o  ,j{
k o kAU rA jM o pA Bz j{ kB ([Aki ] Swj)
M jAo  SwA A BU M B{ jq BA ,k{BM K
A B{ :kB koM nBM An A q K~T Bw /k{BM ()KB MA
wA  SwA AB kkvQ rA ynj /(/1179 B 1176 1114) j
K K A rA j A TLA  nk o BrA ` ,j{ A |Bi

r o A kB SwA  pA Bi Bo@


/nk yhM ve B Allan Faqi

SLU
nAmBM jA B AoQ AM An ji kBM kjo ue  BBv Bp S{m BM
L jAoA o  /kTn oj B M ji pow pA kBwBzM wA B]
Ak] BzBBv oj pA An ji ,jM BC pA (|)oLBQ  {B BM nqM
B BM yo L M TvMA BjABi /k kp {B jnA nj poA kjo@
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67

kAki w pA nB

(AnB) nB~A B{jAk]A  BC /kAjo  e An ji Jo nBLU ,SB oU (o


oMMA jA  Twj C ,kB nB~A An ji ,kjM k nj (|)oLBQ
A
nB kTv
nBAo jA  BC k{ kB k kTv k ~
Ao{A q]  k BBv pA TwkC /k{ kAi (o o
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kkq w Bi B nj () (t)B Akpo ,()oLBQ BjA
(|)oLBQ jABi BA /k{ TiB{ ( B) BM oTzM B BM
M TvM RAjBw /k{ kAi [ Ao{A :] ] o{ B [RAjBw :] ] k w
B{k]  TwkC /kTv RB T ,k{BM ()ve B ()ve B{k] A
oTzM AoTeA pA kTv A Akpo { BBA SwA Mo k{ ()ve
BzLv  M /ko vdA SLv jBvM Bkw pA Twj A /knAjnioM
,()BA w BA T Akpo B B w ,kTv kM BBA
kAi ()A jA  ()BoA ,Tz BA Akpo  n , n
k nB L{ nj oTzM AoA nj |~hM RAjBw BjABi pA M /k{
B\C M B kATvp B{jAk]A  An d B kj Bz An ji nBLU A AoM
A pA k nB L{ nj nBhM B pAo{ RAjBw /k JBhTA ,kAjo Ro]B
nj Lakhi  T{n jq nj  kTv BC nB RAjBw /kTv Twj
kB k{ kAi ji Tv]oM k] BM RAjBw pA o kAkq w kw
pA nBvM iB{ /kw nj nj A  RAjBw B pAo{ A Ao{ RAjBw
kAi ji jABi k BA pA BM  kTv BL BL ,ve RAjBw
BL An BL BMp S SM }h{ A MB pA ioM nBA tBwA oM  ,k{
k w BM jn RAjBw M BLBL B o /SwA k{ nz B C M jo
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68

Sv nj s M kTv ~hM JAjC MBU kLBQ  kw BjABi


o /k BA ji |Bi wA M An Bw B o kzQ B wA B] o{
B ,o\ 900 BBw jke RAo  u{i j Bw
oA ,() Roe K pA o rA j{ n~U /kTv Twj A pA pnBM
kw xnjB  j{ jAj ~h{ M ]Ai K o{ nj B /k{BM k{ To@
jo\ k ZAjpA ji pA oUBQ jo BM qo kw oTij  n M ka o] k{BM
Bj o ,SwA jnj A }hU  j A jnA oB{ o ]Ai /[kB BM
k nB L{ nj /(6)kAjM Th iB{ j pA kw j o ykA Aop T{Aj An
,k {An
B{  v e k w :kB ,jnAj j] Bkw a B pA kM B{ rA K A
/nBh M B{ nBA
l kw

nBhTA :j{ BA (Bkw pA) RAjBv A rA ,kw Bp B M AoA nj


j{ Ao B RB pA jBp jAkU BM ` rA A , oTiA , nkM ,RAjBvA
Ko nk RAjBvAA kB LoU /(7)RAjBvA o{A o @A , tkA :kB
/SwA
BwA Swo q] q Lm @BA B{A j Ao B oiBM
SwA [An B TLv B oU nj |~hM  jB] X jo nAo Tw BjABi
BB BM oU nj /k{ A wA q k , [Cihat RB] =oU ]
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haf  d ~
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RBv e o
BB uU nj /SwA jB B (B n } n) n Bw An ji

BB Te (Co Ti) T
i (k S
Bd Bj) po e , p o e ,(Ji BA)
(40)/knAj j] ( o\e) Zaouia Ap ,JAod ,nB

nBa~
AoTij nAmB AA

kB A pA q wA o ,jnAj j] Bo oTzM nj ovQ T{Aj M


kT oTij ow SzQ AjABi nj  k{BM A Sv T /Sv XTv
(nBa) M
n AU jBw M An jABi oTij nBa (1)?jo kBM a j{
AoM oUc~ RBe A /jo nAm@nB{ q An pA kM BoTij ,kB
,B B [ nj ] B An AoTij AU X :jnAj j] kC yQ A pA tB pAoMA
BJo ] (2)(SwA B BAoM oj) Bk w , [uU nj ] k e [B o{BU nj ] UBi
YeteroT B ,(k{ nj) Gidi k ,( [BovQ M ] SzpBM) Done j , [kM

S wI
k BTwn jABi pA oTij Tz o~ nj /kB [oU nj ] (B@)
u M&
A oTij wA wnB SBe nj /SwA T{Aj B ({ S@Bw nBzM)
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BwA  A kwn o
M ,kAT  M BM kw A BjABi  n
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wA BB

70

wA jBp jAkU Aop ,SwA w n BTwj o BB A Se nj


BwA W
{ BwA pA ioM /j{ T{Am AoTij oM T{AjSwj
TiBw om BwA oiC M () W B U BBQ oe jo BA BM  ,kTv om
BB B  p oM om BwA pA ] , q , w BwA n A pA ,k{
TiBw W B U BU jo BA BM B poM om BwA pA  o @B{ ,oMB a
knAj } n oM Sj  kTv UB  p oM BwA /k{
B /(n BLp) w pA w B , o w A pA (k p ,oU A ) ow :kB

,JLd :kB j{ A Bp M om W


{ jo M wA
AM RAoM AoA nj |~hM q om B ~ U RB /o ,o ,MLd
pA  wA K A ,KUoU  M /(oUnAnqM) (4) o{A :kB /kn nB M Bp B
Se Rn M oU BMp nj  BM e :j{ jB TwA q B zn
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pA nBvM kB oiA wA (khL) v L U B ,(z) j pA jj U :kB k{ TiBw
/jn nB M u] jo AoM BwA
k{ Tz JBA pA kwn o
M  ,k{ TiBw BTLv pA W
BwA B LB
BwA k{ T n U B AkU nj  kAn B kAU :kB /k{BM
j] Swj A pA Mo oU wA Bj /k{ TiBw BC pA n 

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[ Roe njAoM ] ()KB MAMo ] ov BwA M Xke tBwA oM  SwA

BMp nTwj nj (5)/Sn zLe M T{m (odM)Bnj pA xo{ BM  ,j{ A


pA ZnBi A oB /SwA |Bi jnA M o~d dT BBQ Soe pA jB TwA Mo
o BTA M Soe A jo BA BM AU  j{ n~U a Jo Bj
AoTij wA TiBw AoM { A pA oU nj |~hM /SiBw W
AnC ArA

71

A@A

vU ,U ,keU , [wnB ] kB] kB BwA :j{ jB TwA nM


,@ Tevfika U ,@ Tevhide keU ,@ Cavide kB] { M oU nj , [Mo ]
JA W
,@ EyybeMA BwA M AU ` /knAj j] TeslimevU
/jo nB{A Ao W
,@ Imrana Ao
Bnj) oB j Anj :kB /knAj ] SBe Mo W
BB B@
wABn Rn M wA A poA ] (BBM) Bn ,(BAoa) cMB~ ,(BnBj
 w C jAoT [AoA nj ] (BB{jBQ)  , [j{ jB TwA Ajo AoM
oBw o~ nj p (6)/SwA Tn nBM o BwC o{ nj BTwn nj @
eA ,(B@) nBpA :kB /j{ jB TwA ] BwA pA Mo Bnz@
jB  A] BTv@BQ Swj (7)/(BBLp) RB] ,oA] ,(BJAi)
,SwA k{ kB L ,Jo oB{ u z jBM oTij jnAj B (BLM)

wA ,kTv ]U jn p Mo k B{B nB{A BS~h{ B Aop


 oTij ] jB w ,JLd AoM B oU , w kB k{ A

|~hM , [SwA jow An jB w SBM o k~ A  nj op MK@

TB AjB] Ro{ B



BTwAj BM wnB BMp nj  \ z ()

jBo z qoQ ovi MLd  nA Bi jAqB{ ,o{ ` ,SwA


Anm B B /knAj AoA o pe nj A B wA j A /jM xAoTw
/j{ JBhTA wA AM q Anm A z BTwAj p Bo
A oiA  AT BM ,k{BM T{Aj Lm BB kAU ,Ajo kB q Bp
Aov B   AA
BwA pA jB TwA M k BBv SwA k{ jAj

BB SwA k{ joM B o pA  Co nj /kAk{ zU kTv (|)oLBQ


KLw M Bh p jAj RB\ Bijn pA An w Roe  o p wA ,wC a
B ,SwA Tw BwA q] BLw uM /kTv nz S{Aj w M  z

wA BB

72

ov A B ` ,k{BM JLd BwA q] C ,(|)oLBQ njB


{ ] (Bp oTM) BvAoi [Hatice \T . \ke :oU ] \ki (|)oLBQ
Sw A  An zB wA  Be nj /SwA [An nBvM [SwA oi
C k{ BU@

AoA B{ jB TwA jn (a nfow) Ao e K ,koM nBM


, BK ` SwA qq BBv  AoM (t) B wA /Sv k
,(|)oLBQ AoTij B ,k{ A { Bp M oTzM q (@BQ) TM Aop
wA poA   B  ,k{ A wA q X A Kp , n
Bp pA ~
e /j{ T{Am AoTij oM o kAi jBM oTzM X A
pA jBp jAkU M An ji B q zQ nB iA pA v (|)oLBQ
,j{ A jABi oTij nBa M A nj  M
n /kAjAj nB M AoTij
A wnB oB{ A jBM AoA nj w o nj o~M A nB p jBM
/SwA k{ AkT nAjq
jB TwA A rA pA Rn A nj  ,k{BM T{Aj kAU Ajo kB q Bp
/k{BM A ovQ B kAU kC rA A pA uQ  B Ajo kB j{
BM B ,(BovQ njB) LA A kB /k{BM pnC BM Rn~M B A B k A :kB
gnBU nj Bp pA ioM /A
kB /j{ Ao k BM An nBqoQ  ArA
M RBLoU A B / @Be A B w A :kB /k{ kAi  M BU wA

kao ] SwA k{ AkT A oiA  wA wA pA jB TwA kB kC Ko x@


 wB{ An o~ BM /[SwA T{Aj j] w o pA BiwA wA
/jnAj B (wA njB) wA A

o M kAU kL kB B  j  SwA (kM ,joM oTij) A , k L rA W


{
dA A B\A A BU To oA A [An wA pA :j{ ~T A BwA pA
W
{  /k{ BU e ] ,o Rn M kAU BwA A
BM qo /j{ A SwQ Bw Bq M  jnAj j] q kL

73

A@A

B BovQ kB q BoTij AoM B kM koM B /j{ KoU A BwA


JBhTA BC AoM k{ kAi C M  A B C pA uQ ,knAm Lm
:kB ,kTv L BLp B{A B BwA B{ A BB /j{
,k{ A wA BBMp BU nj  ,Bdn ,uo ,wB ,o , ,BTwM
ka kB BB oU nj ,kTv AkT [wnB ] { ,RBL :kB BB
/knAj j] Ar ( Twj) Demet Sj ,(Ao p TM) ig dem
B p Jo kB ,z oU BMpwnB B nj |~hM wA Bj nj
o nj /jnAj j] q rA KoU BM BB /SwA Bp AoM pBT wA fow @
,nAm ,o ,fo ,kM a BB  Bp k nj j jqB{
BoU k{jB BwA oM /kAT{Aj Bn
BTv ,z ,o ,oL@
,(fow @ iB{) Gldali Aj . :koM nBM q An op BwA jk\T
` ,(kn fow @) Glseren ow ,(fow A]) Gl filiz q

oQ /(fow @ zn) Glbn L , Glbaha


r nBM ,@ Gli n
Te Glperi

BB k{ KoU rA BM q wA Tw BwA /( xj]) ,@ zglpA


nj |~hM BMp wnB Bj nj /knC j] M An @ B B zB a
o@A Sv nCK\U /SwA nBvM SB BM AoM rA A pA jB TwA BTvBA
/k{BM T{Aj j] q BMnBM B ,nBM o
BB ,B B nB nj
A Bp M LoU Rn M B BU M  SwA nBvM jn q n rA
(oQn) Nurten Un BB oU BMp nj /(Bp n) BvAn :kB /j{
n A ,(nnAq) Binnur nM
,(n jAqB{) Nurhan Bi . B . Ben
BM ,AoA nj /knAj j] ( AoM n) YurdanurnAjn B (kPw) Ilknur
o
pA @ ] u{ C jAoT pA Mo nj /j{ TiBw wA (k{ni) o rA
To W B U S rA A k nj ,j{ jB TwA [SwA W
nTwj

wA BB

74

Ao]A B /jo nAo jB TwA jn ,@ shamsha z{ ,@ shamsa v{ Rn~M


[Mo ]  [wnB ] BwC pA /j{ A AoTij M nM BwC Bzinj

qkA . qk oTiA C oU wnB jB [Mo ] (nBTw) \ BU To@

ldi z
B ` ,(Bzinj nBTw) K
BXA \ Co RnBL pA k{ TooM L BY ;@ Yi
[wnB ] oQ , [j{ A q Ajo B oU nj]BoY :kB nY ZoM BnBTw
/kTv \An BB q [Mo ] op [wnB ] kB /[oU ] lker oA
A ,B ,SwA B oBw B pA oU[An wA AM fow JBhTA  nB
Th BwA nj jnAj oU B RBMjA wA BM jq MAn q BwC o]
Bp n A pA SwA jM BLp B o
z (B B) nkM /j{ oB
kAi (BB BM) nkLA S
w ,(BB B) nkLA nk M a BB M Jo
M B Lo U Tv  U BM poA ] (BMB) T v B wnB BMp nj ` ,k{
B { M B BU M B B B wnB BMp nj /jn nB M [Tv B U
,foB ,( MehlikaB :oU) B ,oQ B a Th RBLoU nj ( B)
/j{ A wA q (B M Jv) B /jnAj j] JBT Sij B ,nBQB
B) AyperioQ C :kB /j{ jB TwA nM (B) ay C }Bi oU BwA nj

ik {C ,(Bd{i B) enay C { ,(B) AymelekC ,(oQ


Ayi
RnkM , (8)/(Bv) Aysel w C , [k AkU An zB k B @ ] (JBT)
A u] jo M  SwA B Hilal /jn nBM (oQ B) AytenUC
BoU ,kAi B o An BLp p  BX AoA wn MB ,j{
/koM nB M An Gnay C C oU jB jk\T
nj LM wA TLA ,j{ A Ajo pA oT Bp M BkoQ RBAe B
Aq ` , [wnB ] nAq ,LM :SwA Tn nBM BTvMo nj k Bp
Kei` B Te /Geyik Ceyhan B] ,@ Meral Ao :C oU BjB

75

A@A

M ABvA o B B /SwA k{ L p wA AM o BwC o{ nj (qM)


o ) Kumru o An ji AoTij BoU B ,j{ A Bp
wA /kAi (oUL@) Gvercin]n rdekjnA B Suna Bw ,(oTv@Bi
zBTw pA BA BM SwA  B{ B /jnAj j] BTv@BQ AoA nj (L@) nmU
UBi A .wA j{ JBhTA SwA jo pAoQ kM koQ A pA BL A @
/SwA o B \w B{jBQ M oa oTij wA ,(BMo{)
/knAmM ji AoTij oM An RAoA] BLAo Bw B knAj Swj kA
A Aq M oTzM B pA nBvM B kB ,BwA L A k Bp nj TLA
Sinj) n k A o\{ ,o ,tBA :o
BB poA /jApC Bp M BU k{
nA{ nj ,(knAo) Ajnj , [k{ o~ @Be /1246 Bw nj  AjoM B] (knAo
/kTv [An nBvM [oU ] (knAo) Inci \ A [Mo ] ,(T w knAo)
nj /j{ vB oQ B BM jn An (jB ) SAo BM  oTij B@
B SwA  /knAj ZAn BwoQ ,B]oQ ,jApoQ ,BioQ BB wnB
BwA LoU Rn~M jB{ wnB rA jpBw jB{ An k{BM L]{n oTij
jk\T BoU /jB{o B jB{Sj ,jBzj :kB /jnC j]M An BLp
ov ,(xBM Bd{i) Sevin w ,(JLd) Sevil w a BB
oM (jB{) Sevin _w B ,(jB{ z) Hep@ en zP ,(Aki) Glmser
BwA BrA oj pB wnB rA KoU pA oj o pA /knAm AoTij

z pBM ,pB :kB /j{ TiBw AoTij


pB wA , [oU ] (pBnAq) Binna
z
oBz  BB ` /pB B pB ,pBo{ , [oU ](SwA pB A wA) Ismna
pA /knAj j] SC T :kB [C T{Aj Swj  pA TLA ] kTv Sd [n
rA BM BB BMp wnB Bj nj ,knAj qU L] Bp j{ n~U  B]C
pA oiC  AnC B] ,AnC B ,AnC \A :kB ,kTv AAo AnC BBQ

wA BB

76

wA o M B LoU AnC rA k kk] JBT KB tBwA oM /SwA oUnz


Rn~M BU M B] /jnC j] M BLp BB j{ ~T
k{ni B B] n BU To B]n pA j{ A Bp wA Th BKoU
/jnAj j] q B] o{A wA ,B]
Be ,B n
a BB AoMBM ,k{BM qABi kBM Bp  SwA A oM o
:kB BB JBhTA BM An BC BTM BLp ,knAm BC oM JAow (JAi)
kjB , [oU ] (BTM U) Birsen woM , [wnB ] B , [Mo ] ko

() 
,( o )
o :kB A RB /k BM [wnB jo ] oM
JBhTA oTij wA AM AdaletSAk . Sk B (U) Erten UnA C oU jB
/k{
/kAk{ [An A oiA B jM jo jn Cxi qABi BwA AoA nj
An AoB{ BwA jkU q Jo Bj nj ` /AoU ,BQ ,AoQ ,BvA :kB
n
o  ,(BpnC pnC) A kB /jo xAo kBL
,(qq ,kj n)  A
,(BK @Ani) JAR,(Bkp JC za) B dA
,(kj n)

B
/[j{ A q Bjo K @ ] (SzM JC) BvAB

kTv BT]A BM c w BjABi pA  kA ,BTv@BQ k ,oU nj B@


jB TwA Mo wnB BB pA BBTwn B] BQ b w jo pA yM
Sidra nk
w oA pA /kqoM ji AoTij AoM Lm oQ BwA k@

B q [#14 C, 53 nw ] /SwA A SzM  oUnj po nj  (nB Sinj)


~h{ ` /k{ JBhTA AoTij wA AM q TzM BLp Sinj M
vU ] /SwA kAi (SzM nj o za B) oY vU An ji AoTij
Ajo M  CennetoU nj) S ] tjo /[j{ A q Bjo M oY@
/]oT /SwA kC 10 C A T nj #

77

A@A

nj  jAk{ nz BM nA ` SwA SzM B M jo  (j{ A


BB k{ pA /j{ A wA [#7 C , 89 nw ] SwA k{ nB{A C M Co
qp /jo K\U kBL knAj ] SBe  ne Te T{o , a
q p AnC  A o ] SwA k{ A p wA q p Rn~M (nj Aza B)
RAnU k kp oU B{ nj n nA AoA  Bp pA jAkU /[k
nj ] SwA jB ArA  Bj  Sv K\U B] /knAj B Incil \A Tevrat
nj

(9)/j{

A AoTij wA SwA W
q nTwj o
pA [ oPw oMAoM

nj  SwA nCK\U nk ,j{ jB TwA B T BB pA wnB


(azel) Ezel pA Ka
'ina
t Hani m Bi. Be RBB BB BM AoTij LBTwA

oUkj BU ,k{BM T{Aj B Tv AoA \zAj B ,k{BMT{Aj j]


nB A B M p BwA A BM vB nj /k{BM

(10)A oTij

wA  SwA T

M zjBM B BTwn B nj /SwA njB B LoU wA AnAj B@Aj nj (pn K{)
B nj [An wA  ( Aj) M :kB /nioM Bi tB]A B BM AoTij
jB TwA oU nj  [wnB ] yz B B\ ,(Boi) o U /SwA o~ ApnBz@
k BBv /k{ A wA AoA nj  [nB BUoQ ,[oU BB ,j{
An jBMCnke BA pA jo SBe AU knAj  BwA pA jB TwA M BU
BM jnAj B wBoA] o
] B\ A A xAkC ov j{  SBnj
nj ` ,BM nAj hv B SwA wA k{ aC  kwoQ kAB
,wBL :kB /kpBw W
AnC wA o M i kvQ jo BA BM k

di jAp Rn~M An jAp wnB kvQ ,nA ,oL @A


:kB /koMnBM Za

/jAqB{
M  B kTv nAj ioM  k{ TiBw TwQ q kk] BwA
/]oT /SwA kC 6 C A T nj #

wA BB

78

M jAp oB oBhM SwA  Bs wA /k{ JBhTA xiC KLw


jB
U oTij o~ nj A oiA /SwA [An B oU AoA nj poA /j{ A

(A\) v B BM oTij M ` ,SwA To B (jo k AoM KwB)

ji de k]BU  w BA pA A] Bv p /nioM
S{Aj B Ta

oM An kAZBU y B BU kjM ovQ kU o


T ykA  S
BM oU BwA { BM  kAjB A oM An k]BU wA A kU pA uQ nA pA ,knAmM
/jnAj B kq o
wnB Bz
k{BMT{Aj BC jM p oM Sj  ArA pA jB TwA BM Bp BwA pA nBvM
rA ` /o BL ,BMo a BB nj BM kB ,k{ TiBw
pA] T w Mo rA Te /Sij AnU ,SijZBU :jo nAo jB TwA jn Sij
B T v
T wnp
w rA
:kB /j{ jB TwA wnB BwA TiBw nj [Uk
S
w rA pA nz A BBTwn M oTzM o~ nj oj o pA (11)(Bi)
:kB BB ,SwA pn wn pA ZnBi nk poA  SwA k{ jB TwA
q (BC BM) T w Te (Bi BM) S LA S
w ,(jABi BM) A S
w
(12) /jnAj

j]

A /SwA wA j q] AM Bv A rA pA jB TwA AoTij nAmB oj An


oM k BwA BU B LoU Aop ,kTv wo nBvM k nB L{ nj BwA 
/[k{ TiBw kA BM  kTv BC BwA A MBz ] /k{BM AB
BC BLeB oUoM kj Bz BvAo A ,BvAB w ,Bv Ak w a BB
 Kp nA AoTij BvASp BvAKp ,k{BM Bp oBw M SLv
B  Be nj ,jnAj j] (Bp kLwow @) BvAkM p B ` /kAjM
K A @ ] BwA A pA jB TwA /kwn o
M K\ nk (Bp SzM) BvAS ]
BT]A BM L jAoA M [j{ o
o wA j q] pA BC kB B

79

A@A

nB
TA BC B] M  k{ A AoTij M BwA A B /SwA k{ wn i
BvAjv B BvABLA a BB jn nj SBe A SwA Tn ovQ kU
BA BwA pA jB TwA BM L\ RBLoU (13)/k k BA o
UBLoU
[hani m Be :oU ] Bi rA B /BvAk ] :kB j{ TiBw BvA rA

/j{ A wA BU M Te M /Bi uo :kj zU An wA pA zhM


BwA BjABi A Bv Bp :SwA k{ wn jn A nj TLA
,SwA k{ BA BC M Bi rA  kT{Aj wnB BwA oTzM BoC o{ nj
/kAk{ wo C B] M kk] BwA jn nB M oT kvQ A @A
Bz jBM AoMBM ,kBM wA M An p  kAj KwB RB A pA nBvM
nBM nj T rA A pA (14)/k JB i (k{ k{Q) nTv An p SwA 
nj ] j{ A q |Bi wA kAU j{ jB TwA k jB BMj
p
Bp jAjnAo KBh wn xn nTv rA pA jB TwA w o nj /[BTv@BQ
:pA kUnBL Tn nBM n
A M  oj BrA /SwA jM RBLUB nj

\A
,(Bi) nAkA ,( ,k{ S
Bd) ~ ,(k{ nAk) wod A

BwA k{ jAj vM JBA pA jB TwA BM BA no M  o (w ,An ,S])


j] M An (n Bi) BAnAkA
B (TwAn An) ozA
\A
a MB i

/(15)kAjnC
Th B nj Bv Bp jAjnAo KBh B{A nBMnj dU SwB\M
B] nj [An BK M o~d kAU dU A Aj /j{ B\A wA Bj
M oU JBA pA jB TwA BM  jooMnj An Boj B ,k{BM w o Jo
kM Bw Bw Te ,M ,Bi /kAk{ [An q k AoA nj kC j]
,@ Parihan Hani m Bi BhoQ .Be BdoQ :kB /ko nAo |Bi wA pA
BK A poA /Cemile sultan Bw ] ,@ Zubayda Begum M kMp

wA BB

80

T{Aj  T{m ioM kAjAj Swj pA An ji Ao{A L] BA oBw kB


jB TwA B Rn M ,@A jM C KeB BT]A L oBz BB a
Bu
bu
MM , Bi bi MM o
SwA jB q k JBA jn nj SBe A /k{

M
A wA pA kM  Bi M ko nAo wA pA L B LB  Bi wi
la BrA ,M o ,TwAnMM , B MM :kB j{
q]  lalla ,@ la
Lalla Mimu
na a B nj ,kTv BoC B{ nj nBhTA JBA

/SwA Tn nBM (Bd{i BM)

n B] K k nj BPwn
AjA B] AoA BTwAj p Bo kB ,kTo Ja
pA j nj 1800 BBw jke /### NBa ## Awn oYA #Umrao Ja
n Ada

yhM oQ kB SwA k{ jB TwA BC kB AoM bakhsh yhM kvQ

t - bakhsh yhM RBe B Pari - bakhsh


/Haya

]oU ( A zeB
) The courtesan of Lucknow A SdU vA BMp M BTwAj A #
/]oT /SwA k{
/]oT /k kv /19311857 ,Awn jB kd ##
*** Lucknow

\Q ~
fowB BB ,Bo{
K
B  SwA jAoA M AoTA ] jB\A [JBA :] ]K wBwA Bz pA
<oTa@> <oTnqM> BrA pA jB TwA BM jBvM kAU AoTA ] jB\A /kTv
nj /(a ve nqM ve) o~Ave oLAve kB /j{ Be
jB TwA n
M kchik a ka
la
n [ @ ] B BrA pA BTv@BQ
jn nj  j{ jB TwA oA oL@A B ~ U RB pA B /j{
oLA\ki kB /jn nBM o
oL
 BC W { Bp

/j{ kAi w
A j ,k{BM T{Aj B o j pA yM o@A /o~AKp

BM z oU B nj |~hM (1)SwA T{Aj j] o zA


o hA kB MBA L
qara Ao ,(A ,k w) [ak @C ] aq C :j{ TiBw K n onBM

/kTv Th BL jAoA TiBw RB T AoM ABz  (SvQ Bw) [karaAo@]
 C :knAj Ak w Bw Ak w k w B BM BL BoU X

wA BB

82

/Ao
o nj oU B{jBQ ] ve pA a wA nj [oU ] uzun pA o
MBA
pA Twj C q]  ,kC nj (pAnj ve)
A  v e Rn~M Mo nj , [o\ 9
BBMp  SwB]  nj k BM An jAoA oB ~hz  SwA MBA
pA /kj Bz JBA oTnBn oTT TiBw AoM An ji Rnk Th
#tLM

oU :Lm nB{A kAow K M AU p Jo nj MBz JBA

JBA joM nBM pA  SwA jAj nAkz BBv M Co a o@A /jo nB{A (A)
pA jBp jAkU Be A BM ,kAh jnAk Swj  LM An v kqoPM kvQB
Mo BMp nj Te /k BM An jAoA  } oB RB~i ,JBA
:W / A X ] jnAj j] jAoA ~hz RB BM AoM Bi nTwj {
 A poA  MB nj  nz  U BAn oTj M Anm BBM /[

A oB /kAT{Aj ZAn wA gnBU BU nj  kTv [An nkB BwA
() Z o A (A{B) A :kB kAkC nj jABiB Rn~M BC pA nBvM
} M JBA pA nBvM /( kr) W
{ A ,(jnAj kC oM [nC  v@) @
A
) n
A ,(za Oa)
A ,(n K{) z
e A :kB knAj nB{A BM

AU  ,(n ,BMB) A ,(jC Bza nAj ,zanBU) y A ,(za

k{  A BBMB M q Ji JBA KA  ,jo BA An (BMB)oo BA M


BM p nkQ)B AM
A ,BMB kzAj  M B (BM)o~ M M AU B C pA  SwA

/kMB oTzM k@BU  U nj oU BM kAU JBA A /jo nB{A (2)(S{nj Bza
JBA B pA K oTo ,( B@) Zo A ,(A{B M) xo A kB
yBYo KLw M  jnAj U oBU wA pA L oB{ M Swj A pA W
,(SwA ze B jB M kB A M  p) Bv h A M K T{Aj Ro{

/]oT /912 ?840 vw yz Notker Balbulus #

83

fow B BB ,Bo{

/SwA jM
o
p A X /kAk{ BjA oU oe BM RB  A B{ BoC nj
(Bw) j w A ,@ Lazreg n q M (MC)  n p A ,@ Lazaar nAq M (nk w B kzinj)
/j{ kLU Lassoued j v M
oTM /jnAj j] q BMo o M K KB nj  } M nB{A BU

BAoA M (qo) Ki zi l q@ / Qizil q rA joM nBM /SwA nU K


X mingli oU BMp M k{BM T{Aj Bi  ~h{ ;SwA [An nBvM BoU
BM /j{ kAi Benli M ,BX oU M ,@ Mingli Ahmad keA
M :k{ A |Bi wA pA L MBA a  MBnj op BBX M ]U

Boynueg
ri Meh
met Sd o@AM ,(zn ~) Bi yi kli Mus
tafa

~

pBM M pA knAj JBA  A pA jBp jAkU BMo kB q BoU /([ jo@)


pw nM ,(oMA Bw) qaraqas
xBo BU To (S  jo@) boynu - baziq
Oa) Yesa
ri nBv ,(S  x@) Qaba
qula
q @BL ,(Bj M) Burunsuz
jABiB Rn~M JBA A pAnBvM BMo kB BoU B nj /o ,(Swj
zaBM ~h{ ovQ)GzbykzadejApM p :kB :kAkC nj jAoA A
oU wA  kj bo{ o\ o nj Jo fn #joM qU MA /(S{nj
a Aop , SwA(x w KeB) Ukulak@aA B Ushqu
la
q {A
jM kjM nBLU oU A  B M nw o~ nj Bp C nj BB

alti parmak @BnBQTA oU nj SzA y{ wnB nj TzA y{ jAoA /SwA

kAi [wnB ] Aj B [oU ] teli U ,deli j q Ak /k{ kAi


B{BQ ve a MB nj Deli Hseyin Pa
a B{BQ ve j :kB /k{
/@ KkHseyin Pa
a
jB TwA q SLX JBA pA ,jAoA B~ jAj ] nqM M BU ,MB nj

/]oT / 874 ?812 ,joM qU M wBdAMA #

wA BB

84

p tB jo B , za BMB jo B\BMnlC kB AoA pA  B nj X /j{


/j{ kAi
(oi) nBe pA j{ jB TwA K AM RBAe wA pA B] nj kwn o
M
A pA] Anp (yB@) tB\A ,(oT{) \A
,(Qp) k A ,bBvU BU To@
B ,(kp ) Qkr BB wnB BMp nj /[j{ jB TwA B nj p wA
o@) kkbr nM B (o@) br nM oU BMp nj /jnAj j] UQ

U (oTv@Bi
/k{ A K B wA (BMn) tilki
j jn kB /kAjo B Bv \ AoM Mi nBvM Bp JBA  A
nj S oUkM kB{ /(3)(oB@) nY nBe JBA BM B AoA pA z
nz RBB  T{Aj j] AoA Bo{ pA jnMA o{ nj o\ z{ o
/SwA jow a BC  nj #AjwBMBM /kjM RBAe B M K
B  SwA ~ yioa

SvBwC BvM jnBM

B y~d oT{ B

oi yB Svw nAj

(4)Aj

Bj K~ jM a Bp

jo{ np jni S

|Bh{A /(Mo@) yz B (a o Mo@) 


 A S Mo jAoA  S{Aj BA
L jAj S pA B /k{ kAi (AoQ) no B  o tAM o
A B  AoM (MqU o) ## d w K kB /Tv B@C jAoA M |Bi
651 ] j ovi oA ;SwA oB{ AoM v BM L ( ) BL M /Ao
M Jo i oM p oz nj Aop] SwA jM k M K [/ 725
M 
p o~ nz nAkTwBw K /[SwA nz  BMp o{

/]oT /853 Ajw BMBM M nz jnMA Ajw #


/]oT /240160 ,kw M vAkL ##

85

fow B BB ,Bo{

/SwA oUL ]]

o ( x) K mAnB
M vU  o]BU TiBw K B
M B ?j{ kB (an BQ) A Ao ~h{ kBM Aoa ,SwA
(AnLp B{) Jv
AnLp BM ABvA TvMA kBo wAM ()KB MA
j xqLw Bza { kM KLw M nz kv /j{ kAi
\A
Ao ,(C) Ak w kPw oU A un ,k{ kAi (B] toi)
B AoM JBA  A JBhTA /j{ kAi (Bw Ap) #Qara
yelek
pBL{ B , njBAkL K (nk w pBM) K{ ApBLA :kB kTv oUBoTd
/kw A nk pBL{ K
KMqA ,( )  ,(fow@) jn A
:kB k{ A K q BB B
Rn  j{  A ~h{ M yz nkQ M KMpMA uU nj] (yz@)
w o pA q (Ak) g
M (pBQ) ~
M JBA /[k{BM T{Aj x]oQ

oM (5)/SwA jnp n n BM jo AoM KwB L ([oU) ]o UA ,kAjM

o Bkv pA /k{ A K B@A ni k{ nB{A BC M  BB@


To B zi rA pA  jnAj [[Bzi ] \Bzi wnB K o\ nBa
 jM K (B jo@) j p o  M xnBvin jo KLw M Jo oB{ /(6)SwA k{
uU nj poA /k{ joPw {A o SwkM xAA B K  wAM
BwC M /j{ kAi (B jo nkQ) qL iM jnAj jo B gQ Un  ~h{
k{ (v z) v A
 p M KBM xi KjA Aoa  SBnj AU

 ~h{ ,SwA jo nB{A <o{> BwA jn nj ## T  nB /SwA

K A KeB yo{ L nBTn KLw M B jnAj (o{) o vAK~


K

/]oT /SwA k{ o B koQ BM B{ , rA oU o nj #


** Goiten

wA BB

86

A nj T /kAkB a An A ohvU M yjM LB o Bi M B k{


a nBM nj cU (7)/SwA jo nB{A (o{ nBvM a@) B
 B M jn
k{ TiAjoQ BC AoM  TBe B ,T BC uQ nj  BTwAj pA B@C kM MBA
nBvM  o{ [ kAko ,k Bv BUo jn kB ,Sv BwC ,SwA
K SBe  /kk{ kLU o{ M Bn xABwnBQ tBPM jM nBqoQ
jM a ,o\ T o oiAA nj o~ o kv (z] jnC) kAj
o~ o M ( o{) Ao vA
K B nj nj Aoa /?SwA
?SwA k{ jAj
/ SwA Bz U BM BC kB ,jAoA jo }hz AoM xn
kAi B A M /jo  U BL An BL BC k] a  kTv BL BL RAjBw
M k nAoU An #}M }e n\ rA j S{Aj RjB  oB{

(8)/k{

oLn (9)/SwA xi xi M K AoA /SwA k{ o B 


K T{Aj < > RnBL AjA BM Aoj SLd  M RjB  z@A o
Am y U  oj }h{ ;SwA k{ Jj kelma
t RB Z] M
B M nB{A B  o]BU ,SwA k{ nz B  M jM (`)
jM w M K jo jB TwA Celui - l vAo RnBL pA xAnB\TA
B  in X /jnAj j] K AkA AoM q oj wn (10)/SwA
(11)/SwA k{ (k)  T A
M K ,k ji yn pA BAj Aohw
nj o\ j o nj  SwA (nAjJB)  A
C pA SwA A pA K oT
/jo oLBQ BjA BwAoi
nj a o SwA jkdB nBn JBA AoTiA nj jo hU Rnk
kk kvQB JBA jo M  jAj nAkz BkAi M yMBT pA B ~

/]oT /jAkM A /574 @ @ @ @ /U kw Mkd Mkw #

87

fow B BB ,Bo{

A M RnkM A B , (12)k nB{A BC oB B~ M |~hM


j o) Ao{ B Ao{ oQ jC  kwn o
M L MB /kAjo BTA cB~
;jnAj j] q (]ow) MB
A tAn a L BA ,j{ kAi ,(oQ M
jnAj nAM Un  AnB`M AoM K oUkM
wU kj k) B
zA

oUS{p  (tB BQ) tB


A ] n  jnAj Swj v a /SwA (B{
A ?j{ kAi (oi x@) nBdA
l A B ,SwA koQ A kM 
K{) BT z
(U@)
dA
B (13)/SwA SwB\M L joa w BM kM jo AoM (BTvp
@BwoU poM  jo AoM A K  SwA L k BU jC AoM nkB
jM v BM L n S{p qA Ro @Be AoM  Ap\
/k{BM S{p

SwA LwB K B AoM (B{ Bw) B


zA  K ` /SwA
j]M k{ kAi p n Aki Bw  e oM i K BM vB nj BTeA
AoM (zoTv@Bi Mo@) Kl Kedisi vk  K oj w pA /SwA kC
BBw ka o (14)/SwA KwBB  o\ 982 BvM T #wnM A B

(oTv@Bi Mo oQ) jB oA
o MA o\ nBa o nj o oM{C pA yQ
(15)/SwA k{ kAi
jo wnoM An nQBz jAkM nj [An JBA pA jAkU tBzMo KjA LBY
pA M JBhTA j kAU /kTv K\ ApAkA BU BC pA ioM  SwA
 :kB kj cU An BC
B (oT{ nA{) o LA
Aow ,(w zQ) KA
B Ziegenbalg a BC jABi BB L{ ] (qM {) qA
JB
Aoa ,SwA ]U MB (qM yn ,o qM yn) u TA d B /[Ziegenspeck
?SwA T{Aj B (o o) R A
 o kTA i B]Ai pA
MBA a pA jB TwA ,kC oM B{ BoC nj k{ B\A RBdU pA `Ba

* Bursa

wA BB

88

A ] :kB (16)/SwA [An p


qn ~h{  Bp TLA ,(^ Rn) yL
BLA  i q AkA o BM kM jo k{ kAi (_ kB) {
 y
 uU nj nB nj /SwA To B (A nj UnB@)
Jm
BMo
~
oLT k kM jo ,(Bw v@) JA
 Mji q Lw ,(Bnj A)
BTvMo nj w o nj Be nj /k{ kAi
(18)/SwA

(17)DeGaulle j .j

k{ kAi (jpnA nAq )  Akk UB~i a BM jo

kTo K RnkM ,kk{ ZnBi Bi pA RnkM K\ Bp  B\C pA


BoC B{ nj JBA A pA ioM  ,k{BM T{Aj K kTvAU BPwn

myo B K kB /kAjoQM B@


zeB AoM [?B@ ] ynBM M Ka
jM  ,jM jABi SAo{ M jp Mo K jAj pA o o@A /A{
(19)/kAhM

AnmLA MA An ~h{

Am ,ko nAo ]U jn BC BMo B BLp pA yM jAoA B~  B\C pA


oM /SwA qCyBTw kCxi JBA pA yM KUAo M kvQB S{p JBA jAkU
BvA B
:kB /kBwn An jo RBhw  kTv BC qCvdU JBA Be
/k{  A kzhM jAoA M  (wo UB) \AUB B ,(BwCJC)
o~ B pA k{ kAi (S Mnp ,np) ]BLj
BvM a BLp ~h{

`/SwA jM K (Bi jAqB{) kBi M xAk oi BLp KLw M


Ro{ (o A]) oA JBz
A M BvU kA MA A]  oB{
,KwA nAq wnB JBA kB /knAj nB{A yBwC RoY M JBA pA ioM ,S{Aj
/SwA jM \w nj oB{ K  (B n S~{)  S~{ B
BM jAoA  T |~hM /kATn nBM ThL{i K] AoM JBA pA M
B xn A pA jB TwA /kk{ jAj kQ T{m Bp B }h{ M K

89

fow B BB ,Bo{

M o\ jnAj j] wA Bj o{ yhM nj BT]A BM cw BjABi


{ AnAj AovQ pA /j{ (xnAj {) { AnAj a BB jB\A
j] q B{ w B B] w a BB /SwA T{AjB { Bw
/j{ pnC w Roe Tv]oM RB B BLp C KeB AoM  knAj
RB BM SvoTij M  jnAj B B{ X  k A] BTwj pA
/(|)oLBQ oTij XA Tv]oM

M KUoU M o w fo o
w :pA kUnBL  A pA kio JBA oj
L] JBA  A Be oM ,oTiAki o oTiA{n B ,jB{ kp Ji kp
~ WdM  kkAi a An ji BB{jBQ B i kT{Aj Tw wn
:Se ] wBL i ,TA B M BU (20)/Sv ov B\A nj nBM A nj
nB A jo AM  kj JAi nj An (|)oLBQ a   nB{A [ 555 489
k{ kAi a ,(TB)  oQ Aki oA pA AoMBM ,k{ kAi RjAo  oM
oTLB] kB{

(21)/k{

K B{o{ pA SM M Ao{ B SwA

k M Mo
A pA xo{ pA TM nj oB{ A ,k{BM (w k RjB) KA
:jnAj SB{ k SLAo A pA v nBM B
/ RjB  pA U  RjB nBM B U Bw pA Te 
A o { M B U jn kB k{ nAmB jnm BzAoM  BAo]B M Ao{ B@
SwA (oLBQ k) L T A
M Mo oj BX ,(jnAj M op B{ qa A)
/k{BM k{ kAi a Ao { AoA Bo BM BLUnA KLw M kB{ @
pA  kTv MBA ,j{ nB{A AkM kBM B\A nj  JBA pA |Bi jn
B { BM |Bi wA M BA SBe C ,T{Aj j] Mo BMp nj kAnj
,T{Aj Swj An B q  SwA ~h{ K  q o X  :SwA oj }h{
/SwA To B ~A
A jM jnAqpB Be nj BAj  A AkBi jAoA pA

wA BB

90

kwA M zA :j{ BM JBA  A KB nj q jABi B L M TvMA

/(kwA M L pA zA)

/j{ A BC K jAoA { oj Bo kB q wA o nj


KUB B pBwmB@) An A ,B hA kB knAj Mo { BwA A pA nBvM
(pLQ) Z
dA
,(pji) B hA ,B LA
A ,(uhv
A ,(oC) jA k d
,bAo \
nAo jB TwA jn BMp Jo o wA Bnz nj JBA A pA nBvM /o
oM j BB a T{Aj /kj Swj pA An ji oU oe ko
v ,ji k] Aoe K pA jAoA Aop ,knAj An zQ B BC BLeB  Sv A
(22)/koM

nBM An BC jABiB AM poA jo jB TwA v pA kM

] Rn~M SLv kB Aoe BwA A pA ioM ,k{ jB B{A oM


|~h kM B k kU  ~h{ ] ( pj @) v  A :kB /kC
,(BMn SwQ o]BU) LBXA , [k{BM v
 ,w o BL
JBA pA oj Twj /(pBwSBw) UB vA
B (Az{ BoM kpBw) onAA
B ({qPAj) nB
LA
,(Ao) o
:kB /knAk Bi { Aoe
~A
/(oTjow) Tv A

AoM Bi xn ,j{ jB TwA n M Aoe JBA pA wnB BMp nj


pA ioM /oB B /nBvwA ,BnpBM ,pj TwQ :kB ,jnAk j] BC TiBw
B pA ,kTv [An Mo Bnz pA yM AoA o pe nj Mo JBA
(23)/jn

nBM k AoA nj BTv B nj  SwA z o@l MB

/jn nBM [Mo Te ] wnB Aoe JBA nj JI ] oU kvQ B@


Aoe K jAoA zQ B M [Ci ] ,@ i a] ] jqA BM oU BMp nj  nM
= (B) hali Be ,(AB) `@A = (B) ekmek @A kB j{ TiBw

91

fow B BB ,Bo{

,aBMn{) aBMna = (xC) orba BMna ,(BMB ,xoxo) aBe


A kvQ AU k nj /[Bznj B nj B B
K~ ] ( qP{C

li A :W ] wa
la

Ajw :kB /SiBw Aoe K C pA jqA wA M An [Wa


/(xoMB{) So
da
wa
terwa
la
AoUA
jAoA jABiB Rn~M JBA pA nBvM ,k{ T L  nB
k{ jB TwA RAoM k BBv wU BwA pA ioM ` /kAkC nj
BM @ ] Chaudhry nja jAoA pA jBp jAkU Aoa kAj  An AkAi BTeA
Bj nja /k [ ,knAj B [j{ T{ q @B BhAwn
A BM ,jn nBM jBp  SwA BC (Akik@) Schulze vT{ B
nBM j KeB M malik B B k nB L{ nj /j{ T{ @B@
oU Ao{A B nj Apo /j{ jB TwA JBMnA B pA jke BU q AoA nj jn
k o]BU Sethi Tw /SwA @Be AkBi pA  JA ,jn nBM AoA
/kj xo
kB AoM Tw nM  nioM Bey M .M rA M z oU B nj
JBi w poA ,SwATn nBM BB{BQ ,nqM BL~KeB jA
/Osman Bey M .M BX kB /j{ A |Bi wA pA kM SwA
@A jM jo ~dU |Bh{A M o~d k nj  Efendi kA nz K
wn A  (jApAo{A) elebi La (24)/jo nAo M pA oTBQ B nj
oj wU SwA [. 672 604 ] n kA] B nqM  BjA AoM
pA nBvM /[jnAj j] L { Rn~M Mo nj rA A] /jn nBM q BjABi
,kjo }hz An jAoA B
LUo  BC ] pA ,k nBhTA JBA
B{BM B , [( pBMow) ovA = uU nj ] o v :kB /kAkC nj jAoA |Bi B Rn~M

M ,kAjM BBX w SdU   B AoA nj (25)/jn nBM nM  (B{BQ)

wA BB

92

,now ,BC) wBC kvQ AnAj k{ kLU |Bi wA M  nioM MBA

asi wBC oq .oq kB /kTv (un) {BM B (JBMnA


now) Ki zlar Ag
(26)/(BLBMow) Bostanciba
s i

{BM ] BTvM (BoTij

BM  M joM oUMA /kjAjBC M Aoe BwA jAoA jnpC AoM B@


ApB\ jL AzQ B o _ AnAj  SwA jo nB{A (AQ) A  A K
T a Aoe K\ JBA pA nBvM uQ nj B (27)/jM To K a
/SwA T
k{ Jvd BC pA q] knAj Aoe JBA BM jq MAn  MBA pA
T B ,]Be BrA BM AAo JBA M SwA B /k{BM Lm JBA
T :ko nAo |Bi wA pA L BrA A k nB L{ nj / nB{A
JBA pA Twj A q] Be BA ,kiC ` nB B o /kAB]
BMp nj / jnAj LzpAooQ gnBU SwA k{ nB{A C M BnBM  B kTv
K BwBL nj nj /jnAj kh jBi j k Mo
 B\C pA /kjo Tv  k{  A Be M A oA
unjA a BB M Am ,SwA jM y@Ao  w K z q]

na B :oU  U] ( B now) B ,nioM


K w o nj [Mevla
j{  A ~h{ M @A /Sv p jM J Lm nBhTA
jB ] k{BM jo pAoeA oU pe pA An B B  ]nj @
nj  SwA
rA A k{ BU { /[BzAj k{nA wB{nB wB{nB ]nj
/jnAj Ao {n M
j BA)  o dA
BA kB k{BM k{ T `C pA oU|Bi Lm B B@
BU BMBw  wA g{ /(p] k\v T) p
 ,(k X oe
\A
T /kCnj Lm B oTB AM BX oU nj ,jM nBhTA A

93

fow B BB ,Bo{

MA { B :kB /kAi


An ,j{ A vdU jn ~h{ yAj
oTj oBe o~ nj j{ kAi e  [ 726 648 ] dAo
Tv  SwA v |Bi kT\ A zU Bj nj /[1938 :R ] BLA kd
c~ nB]B nj pA  SwA A (Aki Bz) &AC ;k ov U An A A
nj oBe o~ nj ,jM B oTnqM |Bi L wA\e A /SwA k{
/SwA j Bwnk q B
A AoM A AoA
/kTv JBA op nj q kBwoM An B Bo M TvMA  BrA
g{ ;j{ kAi (ko nBvM  A) B LA
jM  kAp k Bp nj X
 A LUo kM B M wnB BMp nj B M oQ Mo BMp nj k{o
M m ] BwA ,KA poA /[jnAj oj k nB L{ nj g{ rA ] k{
Allan Faqir o A kB /k{  A  oMB BT { B BjBi M o

iA rA oU nj /BTv@BQ kAi


o  M w o nj  (aki ) akhi
TurkoU iA MA a wA nj ,k{  A Lm
pA ,jnAj j] Ibn Akhi
zi pB rA
Bo K AM AU q (k jB] j An nj  v@) gha
pA An ji BjB{ BU o{ nj k nj  nUAoPA uw oMBM /jo jB TwA
/SwA T{Aj pAoMA kAhM pB An ji B A kAU A
k{ oB K Rn~M q B BTLv oU BwA pA ioM nj B @
L A / SwA T{Aj SLv Bw BM  ,B{BQ AoMA jBAj a wA nj jBAj :kB

BA B (Bn njAoM) ko
ka
B :kB BL
M SwA AAo Bn k nj anga
/k  knAj Ak`Q MAn BM  Ao{A @Be jABi jAoA SiB{
oB B{qQ BMjA ,Ako M BAoe  kTv BC JBA oj 
Ao{ /kk{ o@BQ Swj B jBp JBA  A BA no M (28)/kjAj
AoM oj K /kk{ K AozAoA M Mo Bnz nj B ,AozA M

wA BB

94

B , oL ,n oA] , np,Bv{i ,B{B /jM AozA ZBU ,AoB{


BrA BC oe pA L A B /kk{ nAmB BqA njB B ,o~AnjB B o
,BdA o{ ,BMjA o{ :kB kTo nAo nBhTA o{ a
/BdAnBhTA
yAnBM oTzM  {qQ ,o\ j o oiAA nj  SvA nCwBU 
nj (29)/SwA jM K (B{jBQ o{) A w M ,kjo AAk oYA nj
An jo yv  v B BC nj  kAk{ K BwA M B{qQ jnA
j] , SwA w o nj {qQ yAj  tB] B ,kzhM kp
/BqA tB] BqA cv ,cvA v kB /jnAj
/SwA T{Aj KwBU BC }hU BM Ao{ jn nj B jAoA |Bi wA BM K B@
jM K AozA  A M B kd  AozA u{ M (BwC)  X
nj nj  jM nz ( Bnj) Aod M M ATv]oM kzAj Bp /SwA
/jAj B oU (B k{ni) BA u{ M k nj uA w
nj RjB{ pA uQ  ,
e kB j{ BA }h{ M o pA uQ kAU K
M An (BT{o wM k{ jAj v) A v K (|)oLBQ ,keA ]
Tn M pA yBBQ BTwj  An o ] y ovQ ` , (30)S{Aj ApnA
] nj  Bv  nM /SiBw K ([SzM vM ] k pAoQ) nB
M /jM
kAi T B M , k{ ,kpBM B] Bi M B Aki j An nj
p k{ Tz o\ 587 Bw nj  Ao{A Se uw jnow /k{
jAj qU B  M oj nz  j pA BU ,j{ kAi T jnow
oA k{ o o\ 842 Bw nj w A nj  oj kzAj /j{
kAi (k SwQ) fvA
,kk An yTwQ kp kp  oj BLA kM }h{
/j{

95

fow B BB ,Bo{

An nA eoA BrA AU BC B M Bjo pA SLd B oiBM


BAj jAo BwA M ji pA oTa njAoM j pA , nUAoPA oB] /jo BA
BB{jBQ /SwA jo jB nA eoA BB M ,ko pA L @
,B ,B tjo ,oMBM X /kTo |~h K o pA uQ k Bn@
B S] ,oB] B{C xo ,oL@A ,(SwA SzM xAB{C) B{C S]
/k{ kAi

BwA  A ,kAkC nj (|Bi wA)e wA Rn~M JBA pA o@


wA M kA jqA BM JBA pA Twj A /knBvM k nB L{ nj |~hM
a ,(j oz{) kA Bve ,(j B B) kAnkM :kB /k{ TiBw
/(31)keA kA JB{ :kB /k{ A |Bi wA pA L MBA
Lm Tj AoLn M  (JBi) wn nBhTA BL pA BwA  A
BA BM A nj ,SwA To zaow S{Aj BC LUo B oM k@BU k{ jAj
AkQ vM q kA kA Rn~M  k{ TiBw SMA BM wA M kA jo@
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100

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101

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= wnB BMp nj] BAnkM o


MBA ,BAK

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kU pA nAqwBPw L  (Aki k) &A L B &AB


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kA JB{ #

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102

pA An kAki  ,oMMA /kk{ kAi (Aki wU k{ BQ kM) &An ,unjA


/k{ nz (Aki wM k{ jApC kM) &A T M (45)jAj RB\ ] yUC
kBi /jnAj (Aki za) &A (Aki Swj) &Ak a oQ JBA Roe
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/(Aki poQ B @) &Ao B &AcT BU To (Aki o{) &AkwA , Roe
BM BB a nj Aki KB] pA  Rnk M U jBTA ue KA
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&A pn ,(Aki ) &A ,(Aki kMBU) &AB ,&An BwA `
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a BB
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105

fow B BB ,Bo{

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 kB /jnAj j]
nj q] ,k oU RnkM kL ,k{ o~ A wA ,k{ zU A
BwApA kL pA  BBnj

kL
B nk  M njBA
c T T  M bBT  Ak L KUoU A M ,&A k L o
BXTwA RBe
pq
B qqAkL
AkL /j{ kLU n k 
,  Rn~M vAkL

oe BwA oiC q] nj Bji o~U nj /kC nj w [Zq ` ]


kLU

 M B ,{z B ,{ M zB X /j{ oB kzA
M Bw ,j e j e M kBe keA X j{ kz oiC SBB /j{
k{ BU A jk\ SwA  oiA wA ,k{ kLU v e M ve w
u e Hassve
BM  o~ BwA ,o BwC nj /kCnj Hasso
Rn~M
SwA WBU S  na BBQ oe B  /kTv AAo k{ Ti
o~ W BwA pA ioM nj Benj ,jn nBM om BwA o~U AoM
TQ k J]nj ]
 M B kLU kB /j{ me WBU S
/@ [Pattm
SwA Ush x BBQ q] pA jB TwA ,jAoA KLdU [An B{n pA oj

Allu
sh x M [Fatto
sh yT] Fattu
ah x
 M B Rn A nj @
xkL M kL ,k{ pBC kL BM  BB nj B ,k{ kLU x B

sh
BwA jBw pBw BU AoM BU M sh x oe /kj { oU Abdu
M  AoMA B SwA kd k{ BU {  Memesh y kB /jn nBM
nj /SwA jBp oU wnB BBMp nj o~U xn A /j{ kLU Ibish yM A
Bv e kB /kpBw o~ An BC BwA oiC M  oe jqA BM wnB BMp

109

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

Rn jAoA cLU n
M oTzM A  kwo o
M ,(a Bve)
B <AM > An  ,<a SvQ Be> AU An Be X /jo
\ oB{ AoM KwB L oB /jo <nAkM kv> An  ~

] ,@ cik ]] Juq ] , Jik ] kvQ pA o~U AoM oU BMp nj /SwA jM
] B ]U nj B nj fn joM oUMA /j{ jB TwA [cuk
(4)/SwA

jiq
o~U S oU BMp nj Jiq ] T{Aj nBA jM Sep nj Ali
/odU BU j{ B\A KLdU n
M oTzM BwA o~U Be oM

BwB{ B{CB jo AoM  kTv RB T A wA BM nkC JBA B@


oM w /[jnAj j] p Jo nj z A]SwA z C KeB
 k nB L{ nj k{BM SeAn BC  U  k{ JBhTA Ba JBA  SvC
X /k BU An wA ,knAj wnB Mo k`Q RBLoU BwA KA

A M kAnBhTA ,@ Sally M kAb


JB{ Badd k M M kAnkM ,@ Iffi
n B L { M kA
BU qAn jBw BB Te,jABi nj /j{ kLU Shabba
X k
M B ,@ Muzhan s M Uo ,@ Moodi j . k M kd
to
T  B Fo
ti U
/j{ kLU Fifi  M B Fo
wA M  B M ,knAj wn BB Bj  RAjBw jABi nj
Bw B jB  jo z kBM ,k{ kAi jnAk BLUnA _ BC wn
,SwA d [An BMp pA oYBT JBA /SwA B{ Ao kw oQ B Senj
M (5)/k{ kM BM B TzQ ,kw ,k JBA M B`M wA k nB L{ nj
nj  AoTij AovQ jn nj xn A /kMB  oTBwC ji B] BM KUoU A
BA wA M SLv nAjB e BM k ~dU BMp vAo B vA tnAk
jB TwA M BU /k{ kAi Mn B ,Bzin B pBT B\M BoTij j{
,B kz] SwA oUjBp Jo @Bw Bv BjABi nj BB a pA

wA BB

110

/j{ kAi ]
oe X SwA wA oe Tvh pA jB TwA BwA jo BU AoM oj xn
nB~A () p ,j{  A jnAj B oB ~ B kd  v M
nj xn A kwn o
M /SwA k kv eoA  B Zoe(=Z ) Ansari
/SwA B ~ k{ BU B Mim kemal B X ,k{BM [An oTzM oU

B BjoM
BB ji AovQ oM <{j AoM kM> S M BMo ,k wn tBwA oM
BB M An BjoM Bi A kC xi AoM C Be ,kT{Am @BwoU S{p
pA jk SwA jo U (|)oLBQ  nB BeoM (8) /kkB JAm]
@o M (MBB@) bB\ (oAU ,jwC) nBv  k{  A BjoM M BwA
bB\ BC> Aw AoM gwBQ /kA] C pA Swj A pA TLX BB (qA)
Sin Bi C pA MBB  kjo n~U a Aop kTvAj kM An <?SwB\A
Bp Ajo M BLAo B{A RAoA] ,B B oj o pA (9)/SwA TvMoM
,(ShL{i) jv (k{ jAj SoM) oL ,oL An BC k{  A joM
uUnj p ,kkB (oC) BLeo B (Ji Bqa njB) o hA A
B]o (knAo) ` (10)/koM nBM An BwA  A BjApjoM
/kjM BjoM |Bi BwA
B]Ai nAmB AoM Bi A ] AowA B nj |~hM BkM
nj /kkAi RB B ,o] ,BX An BC BwBL nj nj (11)/SwA k{ BA
A A BA /kjB nB B po ,kxi wnB BwA BC oM o{ n
k{ jAj q SwQ Bw BjoM M SwA n k w  nB B X kjM oU MB
K jAkU kz /SwA jM o{ n nj v{i joM B RB /SwA

111

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

BLp) kA p  B B]o :kB SwA k{  A B]Ai M  jo{oM


/SwA k{ kAi kAMBw  B BX (j
o~ M pB  wn pA  SwA B M Mo nAmB xn oTLB]
M TvM oA o /kk{ Tio o~ AoA B Bw M B\C nj kTB BTA
A B BjoM B /SwA T{Aj nBTiAnj B
joM k BU j M xALUo B
o~ BjAs oU pA ji  joM oU MA `Ba /kjo  e An ji
wU  U B (pB  BjoM BwA |~hM) BwA  ,T{Aj SB{ k{BM
]o BwA }hzU BBMp Jo o BoU AoM  TB oU Ba BMo
Bw B ,BwA  A pnBM B pA /k{BM Ao AAo SepBM voa
cU joM oU MA ,kwn Mo (Cjnp) oM B o
M  SwA oM
(12)/SwA

khq i Jo B wA A  kj
BL{ M voa Malli

 pA  Bi ApB  SwA kC B M T k MB pA nj
B{  :SwA |Bi wA A :kj gwBQ (13)jnAj wA w Aoa k Aw
BiBa.  ] , [( jo nBM) inan A zn pA] Inal BA a BwA
ghmr n B (tBA) TengizqU ,(p yUC w) Jaqmaq
(AnBM) Ya
nB{A TiBw jApC koi An A  ~h{ B M  SwA SLv C pA uQ /k{BM
o\A ] ,T{Aj B kAo\ AjoM Svh B o@A AoMBM /jnAj
k{ TiBw Tw B pA SLv jM B{jBQ nAkoi o@A /SwA k{ kB
`Ba /kk{ kAi o{A  ,BLTB o{A M T B kB /SwA
j] Tw wA BM @Be ka BU Bp Rknj o@A kC yQ KA
] :kB /SwA k{ BA BC M Be BwA TB vM SLv /kT{Aj
wA w /o BM B o{A BA , [BLTBA TeB ] BLTB o{A
M uPw nAkoi L~ KeB B oA wM AkTMA  j{ oB T

wA BB

112

M (pA)  rA pA jB TwA BM KeB A B Rn A nj /k{BM k{ Tio Bw


BM ] g
 MpA ,o{A BMo  BL :kB /k{ BA joM |Bi B
/oj B nBvM [oB nj MpA d
jkT BwA }hzU Aop ,kATo kk] BwA B KA A oB
B BM nBvM jAoA /SwA jM oC z hnBU nj nj B nj Bv

auh ~  , Qos
rauh o~ 
B  /knAj j] o (SwA Bw A i) Qas
Sauh B BwC nj Aop ,k{BM Qanis
auh ~ kBM ~  cd  U
C wA nj AU An MBz (14) /SwA S a g B BX oU rA jB

gh AjC C BX oU {  SB Aqt


auh
/SwA (k w @) Aqda
Mo BC BM M B RB pA ioM M  kT{Aj ~h K B
/kAT{Aj S nBj k~BQ ,Bv i ~ nBj nAq , A X /SwA k{
B , B ,tn ,  BM A jn kB k{ nB{A B jAs M JBA nj B@
,(AB) etmekji \UA kB SwA k{ kAi T{Aj  Aoe BM

r oz\A
o (z ,nAj RAj) nAjAkA
,(kza An Am  A) Al-jashnagi
,jioa RB~hz tBwA oM Mo B oU M L BM B S{Aj BA `

B] q , [Mo ] ( AkjM) q A :kB k{ kAi


B ,(qo M B) qizilja
gz p@Ao
BC oU K nBMnj TwnkM joM oUMA /[oU ] ( za Bw) qara
li
/kAjM k{ Tio BM ovQ njB kB{ :SwA T a (jnAj njB BA) ana
RBLUB nj kk{ wn JBA KeB B
oU BMjo jQ BM B
kBo atabeg MBUA jM  BC oU  /kk{ kAi JBA B M
A pA nBvM /k{ BeA  oQ JBA BM Rn~C nj  j{ Bw Te ,@
AA jqBQ o pA kB B\M Az{ q B{A yhM Sp p JBA
(15)/kTv

j jqB{ o

113

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

B oU
yB ,kj fn j AoM kM B UA o@A ,jnAj Ao M SoM ji BM wA  B\C pA
<k w xow oM> B<SwA w i> yB k kj oU An
kU pA uQ o@A ` /Sv n] A kU SBw BM B Sv nBpBw A ZAq BM B
eAo nj SwA  Te /k An `M B jnC n jABi M ThMkM
/kMB oU jo B ,Bi RBB UA  oYA nj q kp kM
T{Aj j] S{p BwA ,BBv BQ B] nj jL B a (|)oLBQ
Joe {B An B JB{ X

(16)/jo

An yAoQ pA nBvM wA ,k{BM

k{
oA
M B B kAi (c) w An B (])
M M An (Bi AovQ) 
(|)oLBQ wU yB  AjABi /jAj oU (SwAn An M k{ BA n AovQ)
/So B ( TB dU  ~h{ AovQ) d
M ,k{
oU wAo pA zhM kk] B xomQ /kBwn An }h{ S wA  B\C pA
/j{ B\A wn nM Sdv kB wA C nj A TLA ,SwA j
kB /SwA kk] Cnj k{ TomQ pA }h{ BjB{ oBM kk] wA B@
jnA nj (18)/SwA k{ Bv  uU nj SwA p B  (TB RB\)
\
B jnC wA }h{ ,SwA [An B{ BoC Bj M B` ,oj
(19)/kqoM

wA AM ,wA j JBhTA nj An ji BAn

v T /jnAj SBL{ k B BM AC C B { o
pA kk] B KA

C A wA BM  (20),k{ kB &AB{B jnC wA j tB{nBTw


#on

wA /jo BA wA M ozU pA q An Bd{i /jM

e BwA M An B] A Bv AoAp K\ BwA oU pA LB] B

* Snouck Hurgronje

wA BB

114

q k{ Bv  BMo

(21)/kj

SwkM nj BzTBA B wA

jo :k{BM B{A wA M L{ B C o


pA  k JBhTA An BB
B WielB B M jAo  SwA jo JBhTA An ko jAo wA ,B Wielfried
MBhTA BB ko ko ` /SwA B Fried BM ko SwA Will
B q]/jnAj j] Fried ko B\ ,BC A Bnj  SwA BBC
B oU /kBM BvAnB An ji B BnT J An ji jBvM kAU
B BwC pA BTA pA uQ q B /SwA jM  xi BB M BjoM
pA BA T{Aj nBA joM oUMA `Ba /kk{ kAi kk] BB BM o~ M
(22) /SwA

k{ nAmB BA A kM M T{Ak B a A

B M kpo M TomQ AoM An ATv\i B UA B d  M


M nBL cT RnBL BM  An k A`M ovQ ,oL@A A  kBo :kTo
nj q MBz jnA (23)/kB nBL cT An A SomQ kpo M ,S kC xi
B wA JBhTABM }h{ jM An ow BA /k{ SB wA gnBU Th nAjA
/SwA k{ nCjB (Anow) [ ]  K
BvU X /SwA k{ oC v BQnA BwA M Mo BwA oU poA
 An vAo BwA B k{BM T{Aj vAo BwA kAi  BoA q\A B
,M B\M Belli M B kB /k JBhTA k{BM AC BzA wA BM
w B kB /kqoM An ji B vAo jAoT B ,en B\M kn
nj (24)/[kTv  n Lux u zn pA KUoU M] o B\M Lucien
/kM kA qB] An Dean j knAj BU BBv ,BMp vA Bnz@

nBTv wA ,}hU
nBM Bkv wU wA pA Bi  ,k{ o@l Be MBU  wA BvA oM

115

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

SM oiC nj RnB BM oB{ k }hU B  nBTv wA C M  jn


k{ [An AoA nj w o AA pA wA  A /k nB{A C M ,ji o{ pA
wU B oB{ ji wU }hU B /SB AjA C pA jB TwA o
K wU k{BM  oB{ o@A BQ oB{ jBTwA wU oTzM z
kv jABi B jo RB~ipA SwA  }hU /j{ JBhTA
B M xnkQ a B{ oL@A Bpnj A AoA k nqM oB{ o :k{BM
jM  e pA An Co a ,Be /j{ kAi a jM B o o{
a KLw M (xB i) A kAk{n /SwA jo JBhTA An }hU A
An TvMA kw kAc~ }hU /SwA TB }hU a T{Aj  T{p
 BBv AoM Ao{ pA ioM }hU /kBwn tnB oA ,pkw nBMnj M
AoM (25)/S{Aj AoTA C M A k] kow keA  o  kB /SwA k qz
Kp }hU , h ] LwB }hU h ,k{BM k{Q BM\d kBM  BM
/ SwA [Kp nA oTij BvA
B xi kB k{BM oB{ RBU RBU oBM kAU }hU `
JLd nBMnj BU BLp o{ k oB{ @j /(oTBzinj) nA
jo jB TwA nz AoB{ }hU pA A o~d C nj  jow jnA BMp M yBLp
/SwA
B] RoB ,nA SBLp ,o{ Sin
SAoMA ,wjo SBzQ ,B] SBkj
{ nj jBTA
B U oMA n M
B xnB{A k{
Bi yBo~

wA BB

116

M B ,i Ai kB ,jo RB z oB{ |Bi wA pA }hU B@


}hU , B kd }hU ,AjB kB ,j{ JBhTA wA Bh q
,SwA LwB }hU KB ,kAkwA B M ~h{ AoM /(j B B) kAnkM
 k AoB{ pA ioM /jnAj nB{A ()KB MAM M jo }hU B Aop
Ak  AoQ An ji B ,jo nBTiA Aoa ,}hU ,knAj B (j Aoa) kAZAow
BhB BB Ao{ ,k nB L{ nj |~i M BkM ,kAkAi j{ {
B /jhM ,uM ,kM :kB ,kAkqoM jM @Be Bp C B  oM @
AU j nj ,j 18 o  AoB{ B nj An Ao\p B}hU pA
Kk }hU ji JLd jo@B{ AoM ,SwA kLz oQ  keAkL /SB
Kk nqM ovQ /kz w nj LM ,wnB nB{A nj Aop ,kqoM An (LM)
oY
jnjoQ LM BB oiBM  A kA M a ovQ S{Aj jnj }hU
pA BkM /jAj }hU (jnj) A An ji ovQ jnj /SB }hU oYA M j{ A
An B BTwAj B}hU A /jB ji oM An (Ak]) Ao }hU jABi A BA
/k pBM
BwA pA nqM Ao{ Te k{ vdU ] B TiBw BB  Anj nj
o\ o nj AoA kv ,(a Kw) Lw ,kjo jB TwA @B
eBT M jp M An oe KUoU uPw jo ]oU bB U Mo M An ji B
/k{ nz
KA poA kao ,jnAj AjA poA M BU nBTv wA B }hU pA jB TwA
 A pA ji k o
AjApC BM AoM Aoe Bkv AnBBpn
kB k nz Bkv BwA Jo Bkv /k jB TwA BwA

kB /k JBhTA jnAj nB{A BC M d M  An BB B eB\A


B tAoMA
MA pA An wA A ,kp 
M SM wA M  joB] BM Bi S~

117

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

 M SwA  nBTv wA /SwA To nB M w o bBw M


Bi n  BL kv uj A B kB k{BM T{Aj nB{A MjA yL]
AoM Jo M
A /jjopBM B nBi o BwA pA zhM M yAo~ pA ioM kB
,kTv LwB BwA Ao kv AoM RAoMA jw BTvMo A kv
jnioM Sv BUo i  An (BL kp) JARB e B vU ko
,jnAj B Mausiqa
r nBw BTv@BQ A w kT (26)/SwA jB
/kv Zeno p B SdU An ji jBTA RAo
BTv@BQ A nB Bpn
rA pA Bop An B A  SwA o~ Akv AoM nBz i }hU qAS {
(27)/SwA

To (qni) #nBz i wnB

Mo o B{ AeB BU
M n ,Mo BwA pA ioM  SwA k A oM ## k B TwA
B o~ C BJo x M 
AkL
B nL~AkL
:kB knAj AeB

jn Bi BwA  SwA L

(28) /jnAj

B{ BoC AC  AkL

BwA nTwj {  k{n o


M M ,k{BM ~hM Bnz jo 
ji M An ozTv ]U  nTwj B{A pA /SwA RB T Th B nj
BBPwA B{ BoC BwA nj n BBQ oe pA jB TwA j K]
 o ,od M ,eo  , ,~ e ,k i ,k e :kB SwA w o
,ke :kB kMB vM BC BTA M Mo BU oUcd B d T  jqA BM
BMp nj on A BBQ oe /SwA eoAkL k{ BU {  en
WdM jn ### pj wU  knAj j] BBTA BMp nj one A ,BPwA

]oT /SwA jM Bz i kv n kB{ #


** Stefan Wild.

*** Dozy

wA BB

118

(29)/kATo

nAo

 nj AkT Mo BwA nj  SwA an C BwA BBQ { oj 


B{C B
 B k a Mo k kkvQ BwA BM /j{ jB TwA nM
BM BwA pA oj Bk M  nz  U BAn oTj M B BM kTv
,
] :jo nB{A op BwA M AU AoM /nioM BBQ { A
,B L
,Bv
{ ,Be o
w ,B j n ,Ak p ,BLl ,Be j ,Ao i ,BX e ,Bz ]
kvQ SwA  /e ,An , d  ,Bd  ,Ao  ,Ak  , ,BM m
]U KB] /k{BM BTvMo J] BA BMp nj k oU oe nBjB an C@

/BL  ,Ao
v :kB /k{ TiBw  JBM pA  kTv BwA pA TwkC

AAo M A BBQ oe ,k\ nj T BzjBM BwA nBMnj #u `Ba


/kn nBM uh BBQ oe BM kke nj BwA pA jAkU /j{ jB TwA
,kd :kB
\ pA Bi SwA   ,o ,wB ,nk ,njB

/k{BM BU
M q pA ch ^ M k  pA oe oU BTwpi BJo BAo \ nj
kj [ko nAo ov dT pA L oe A o@A |~hM] JZ M uPw g
SwA z BC A }hzU  k{ BrA jB\A M o\ B  ,k{
/wB] M wB K a M K  kLU kB
M no{ nj k AoA nj :kTv oUwBwA BB nj RAoU Jo o B nj
Ak nj ,nioM kTv ve Se nj  B v e B a BB
:kB SwA k{ jB TwA C kvQ pA Bw nj keA kB Tn nBM kvQ
oe k nj /k  U zp kB An d kTv Jo  jAoA /(30)Ao]

* Hess

119

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

J Z M zp oe kLU /]o ,Zo M o kLU kB SwA k{ kLU Z M


sh x M s t kLU B A nj ` /SwA AAo RAo\ BM nj |~hM

/k{ jpRoe BwA pA ioM k{ pA RAoU A S M /SwA k{ kj


M kAp /SwA jM kAZAow A nj kApAo{  TvAj X
MBo BM nj |~hM BwA pA ioM /j{ kLU Joyn ad-din kA ]
 B  n~U /kTv BwB{
ynqM nkQ  Jo { oB{ Kushajim ]Bz
/SwA k{ kLU Z M  oe  k{BM B k{ kw  U jM kw A

aC jqA ,nz A B{ nj |~hM ,knj BBv BwA pA oj {


en kLU kB ,j{  U BjU  B  SwA BwA BTA M
Bve A kLU B Aisha
n BzB M zB ,@ Rahma
B e n M (eoAkL=)
BBv ,KA /k hw #U BMp M  k J] nj .@ Ah
sa
na
BBveA M
B
v e BwA k BA l B ayya B kvQ |Bi BwA oiC M

pA ## tnBB BMp nj  C Be,k{ TiBw Hasanlu v e Husaynayya


N M  oe KA ,BQC ve kB /j{ jB TwA appa BQC BBQ oe
BwA v oj /kC nj PattumappaBQCTQ Rn M B j{ kLU
Rn M eoAkL X /jnC j] M An oTzM Rz k J] nj Mo
JBA BwA pA nBvM nj ` /(31) /kC nj AbdulregmanBnkL
JBTC
kB /j{ me  M SwA p nTwj o
pA  BA ov Soe

TLA /kAkC nj j k{ni


j JBTC
Rn M  j k{ni
B j

BB] B]
Rn M An BB] B] a wA ,BwA cd joMnB AnAko
An BBi Bi K
/k  U BBi Bi
on wA /kATo oTzM B cd  U pA BwA  U qkA nj

* Telugu

** Canarese

wA BB

120

M k , M ozU B  k nB{A B] A BBv s BwA M


KUoU M  kk{ Aq B{ a wA Bd AkzAj BwA T{Aj
j M qkA nj Mo d oe /(32) k{  U Gadjali Sapingi, Sapi'i
:kB SwA k{ kLU kz l M BoC Jo k J] eA pA ioM nj dl
/SwA k{ kL MurtalaUo M  Uo
kAqA R oe BwA oiC A M KA ,BoMoM ,wA Bj Mo yhM nj
kLU Taazait Rq U M q Tamansurt Rn~ U M n~ Rn A nj @
 q SwA a o ovQ M  o c~ RoUMA B nj /j{
k A MkeA Mamadou k M kd BoC Jo nj (33) /SwA Tn nB M xn
M kd  kj Bz nj BwA nBMnj B /j{ kLU Amadou
v M vdA sdou kw M kw ,@ Burlay oM M &AkL ,@ Ma
ma
di jBB
(34)/j{

kLU Skou w M g{ K Kedia


B k  M \ki ,@ Lansin

w B TLv MjA RBB jk M SwA k{ ]nBa Rz A wn nj


]BU ,MpA ,nBUBU B BBv BwA MhM AU ,k{ B\A eA C nj @
M yev ,@ ev  A ov  A wn BBQ oe  nM /jo wnoM An Aq
Sattarov A nBTw .  nBTw
KUoU A M j{ BA BBv wA
M ,nBT vAkL

Ali Mukhamedovkh M kd Umarov  A o .  o


M o

o
M /j{ T q Magomedovk ,kd M kao ,j{ kLU
Ben C Mo
U  wn o Ajw BiA n wA  kwn
/k{BM To RB z eoAkL wA M xjAk]A pA B pA SwA Rah
maninoff
M ] wA GapurovnP B Gafurov n . n Rn M nAkL
M a C oe ]BU v oj nj /kCnj Dzumaev Br . B] Rn
DodikhudaevAki j j M (Aki k) Aki j Aj j{ T{ o Rn

121

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

/j{ kLU
BB q k{BM jBp BwA oU Mo KoU B BwC nj  SwA L
 en ,(SwA jAjAki) jn&A B] M AlaverdievjnA o

/kC L MB o
M (kzhM }h{ kM)  en B] M ,@ Rahmanqulov
(SwA jAj uA) joM uA Mambetaliev BTL M An kd BoU
oU BwA pA o@l MB B /k kLU OvezberdievjoMpA M An
{ ] (Bw) esen wA pA zT Esengeldievk wA :pA kUnBL }Bi
pA Tz Sarymsakov@BvnBw B (kC A) geldik BBM [ve TB oU
M  SwA &AkL wA T B oj pA ,(ow) Sari msak @BvnBw
/j{ oB [Gubaidullina BkM :W
] GubaidullinkM Rn
Revuede mondeJBT Swo M B BM ,jo bo An ka @BU

/SwA jkdB BwA nj oU BA  o \T a Musulman

pA kk] B{A M C Se nj nj |~hM ,kjnC wA BJo o T


BMp nTwj nj nqM AkzAj pA U j  SwA o@l MB /kkC j] M BwA
Anj AA nj /
 Lw :kT{Aj wnB K j o kAjM AoA Mo
way C Jo { B oy BBQ oe BM wnB BwA ,wA
C Be ,k{ nz Kw kB M Lw n A pA /kAjM B wayhi
SwA MkM Bw AjB  S M yMkM X oB KLw M A oB xnB @
Swj A pA oj BB M wA n A o nj /k{ kAi
 LzU

/ nB
i o  i , v , o{
, T w n j :kB /nioM
kkC j] M oj wnB BwA ,kTn M pA BwA  A Bp no M
pA ioM ` ,kTB An ,k BU To oU pA ,AoA l SdU B BU nj

wA BB

122

 uM  BwA A nBLTA nj /kk{ Mo BwA Swo jnA wnB BwA


BwA ,kkBM ji oU nBLU M  j jqw o nj k oU BAoBo
 AoA ABvA BB{jBQ BwA /kAjo JBhTA ji AovQ AoM An AoA BBo
pA /kk{ pn wn kATB AjB] oa wjo BB{ nj o\ nBa o nj
ovi :uU nj ,@ Husrevove :oU ] ovi BB BM jAoA M poA n A
,o nBkwA ,xBw ,VnU ,ZoA,jBL ,{ ,ko ,@ [Khosrof
AnAj /SwA k{ KoU B BM AoA Bo Twn wA B /nioM
B AM p AnU B{jBQ JBwAoA wA B Te nkwA [xnAj ]
s , [Twn ov ] U a BB M AoTij /kATn nBM S

BMo{ ,qoQovi oTij ,SikAnQ /k{ k{ nAmB (BBvn)BBvin


p Bo o{ /kAk{ A Bp B ()kMBAp BA njB w jojq oTij
/SwA AoTij pA nBzM jAkU B B
wBe o{
wnB Mo BwA ,B BwC oU BL pA nBvM ,wA L pA uQ kao
A pA jAkU /kjo  e An ji A BwA BC pA jBp jAkU ,kTomQ An
,(jAqB{) tekin U ,@ tigin U ,(Bo) alp OA a BrA BM BwA
jB TwA jn p kk{ KoU ,(o{) asla
n A .wA ,@ arsla
n wnA
o ,@ la
ji n ] ,@ sonqor ow kB nB{ BkoQ B ` ,ko nAo
BwA pA jAkU ,k{ p k{ A wA ,o sanjar o\w ,@ tughrl
BB A pA ioM ,k{ TiBw ,(C) timur nU ,@ demir oj rA pA jB TwA BM
,(C B) AydemirojC kB /kk{ Mo BrA jnA w o oiAA pA
Ibn Duqma
q Bj MA ,(ShL{i o BwovQ) Ibn Qutlu
bugha
BMTMA

birdi
joM oU MA B (oLU ovQ)
/(jAjAki ovQ) Ibn Taghri
/kjo jB TwA K AM oU  U BM wnB B Mo BwA pA oTzM BBX

123

BB kLU oU ,kM B ,w B

/[k nj |~hM] kT{Aj TvLj BwA  A M B] BM RBL jAoA


nBvM /Sv Swj nj BTwn B k BwA jn nj dU _ B w B T
Rn M B A jk\ kATn nBM L\ { M BBX wU  Mo BrA pA
:Mo ] Servet Row ,@ Ih
san BveA :kB kAk{ Mo BMp jnA nk~ wA
:oU)  e :kB ,kATo { Ko BwA pA  BSLv Rn M B , [RoY

pA kM /o ,SwA To RB z (Aki kM) dAkL Ko wA pA  [Hakki

oU gnBU oU o BwA pA jB TwA M  A jk\ , oU nAmBMBM 1934 Bw


B A M wA AM BB a pA jB TwA ,kC kkQ nAmB nj
ABvA Bo B pA jB TwA kB /SB ZAn jM k{ [An pBU M  jABi
jj .Ro jj a BS~h{ BwA B AovQ Oghuz Khan BiqA
B pA B oU ` /ingiz qa Temuin aU ,@ Dede korkut jn
Ya
vu
z pB] A w Bw JBA ,@ Orhan BnA ji BX jAk]A

ldi ri m nkA . ok ] A kqBM , [(K)


BS~h{ B [(B) Yi
jqB{ o nqM nB wA (qow) [Mo ] Sina
n Bw a o hnBU
o{ Lm B{A pA BwA oU nBMnj oiA BBw nj /kjo jB TwA ,j
M. oU M a BB

(35)/SwA

k{ B\A jkT RBdU kk] BwA M

no ue (Tv oU U) Turksen w oU B ,(Tv oU ) BenturknU


/jqAoM An B oU

SwQ
oU jABi BB nBMnj T ka

/k{  jABi B T{Aj oM L A nz ka nj T{m o nj


1932 Bw nj AoA 1925 Bw nj uU ,1882 Bw nj ,oAq\A Bnz jo
1970 Bw k B 39 38 jA nj /kk{ jABi B T{Aj M q [1311 ]
oU 1926 Bw ,k B nj /SwA k{ co~U jABi B T{Aj q ,o~
pA BjABi pA nBvM Se nj /j{ jB TwA jABi B pA kBM  SwA k{ k
jB TwA jABi B AM ,kk{ TiB{ C BM jBT o  B B
A ,@ Evrenosog
ullari nw nA Kprlzade jApoQ X ,kjo@
UoA k . k :kB /kTo nAo a wA pA L BwA
1934 Bw nj jABi B B /[kAoh =Uod ] Fi ndi kog
hu Fahrettin
/k{BM T{Aj Mo jABi B M jABi B kBM jAoA  S{Aj no
KLw M oTzM RAoU A k{ BB { nj wBwA RAoU jB\A KLw B A
k{ jnCoM /jM jAj fn (1928) L Bw y{ pA  jM U M Mo BL A oU

125

SwQ

,o\{ SA kAk{ JBhTA ~h{ tBwA oM kk] BwA pA %75  SwA


jABi B B q q jABi jAoA Te SwA Tn M pA  M SLv Bjj
n @A Sd B BM jo  k AU n A pA /kAjo JBhTA An keA
|Bh{A BM (oLn) Ali ndernkA B M jo B (k@BQ) Mehmet Akyrek
oi B kTv kBzi knAj An nkA B n @ A jABi BB  oj
A ji B 
~ /oi B kTv njAoM Anj jAoA A  SBnj AU
nkQ) AtatrknUBUC kqoM jABi B 1934 Bw oLA nj  jM v@
AoM nUBUC /kTo B (nkQ pA) Atadan jBUC Akpo k{ kB (B oU
An BC jABi BwA B j JBhTA jABi B yjq BTwj pA jAkU
/jo nBM ka
BwA pAM /S{Ak j] jo hU Rnk AoM Tjkd _ ,B JBhTA nj
B BM ,kk{ JBhTA xi C KLw M B o kT{Ak 
k B ioM /SB AU BC nj An Bi BBnC ,BwA pA M M Anm@
M kB /kjqA An (ovQ) oghl A rA C oiC M jo  e An ji
Yeniehirliog
lu A o{ B ,(nAj Lw }h{ ovQ) Bi yi kli og lu A

jABi B nj Kprl oQ kB ioM (/[o{ ] o{ @Bw }h{ ovQ)


, jABi) soy w BBQ rA pA ioM /kjo o
o za
de jAp kvQ pA
K  (kv jABi) Yazansoyw ApB :kB ,kj jB TwA ( B
B [kAu{ pA k{ TooM ] emsi v{ B BM ~h{ /Sv u{i
kvQ pA nBvM ;kqoM An (k{ni jABi) Gnesoy w y jABi
/oj B nBvM ,kjo jB TwA gil kvQ B\M og
lu A
TC ZBC pA ,SwA k{ TiBw K pA oU jABi B oU
Sinj op nj  ~h{ ovQ) Uzunag
acalti ndayataruyarog
lu A nBnBUBAj

wA BB

126

/k{BM ,(jn JAi M kz pAnj nqM


/kAk{ BM kk] BwA nj BC BBo B B oU BTwBM BBnC KA
A jAk]A nCjB Gktrk oU  o
(BwC ,MC) gk  KoU BM BB
oU o BwA M jABi BB a BwA pA jBp jAkU /SwA jAoA oLw
Gn BB M xovQ y{ wA Og
ur khan BinA B kB ,knAj nB{A

ldi z qkA . qk ,(B) Ay C ,(k{ni)


BU ,(BwC) Kk  ,(nBTw) Yi
M B  A ,(tBA) (deniz qj =) Tengiz qU ,(@) (dag
Aj=) Tag

A ` /k{ SB BwA pA A


e MB jAkU nj LoU Rn

ngi n U ,(Bo) alp OA o


k{ A B q BBo
tekin U ,@ ti
U BU To AlpteginTPA pA kn nBM LoU Rn M B (jAqB{)
/Tkin
. BTa kB oU BTwBM BL B BjABi pA  jAkU  A nCS {
BT B jn nj  A ,kAkqoM An Selcuk \w B ag atay BT]
B oU jAk]A o  M  [oU ] Smer ow Bow [oU ] Eti UA
KUoU A M (B{) Lugal B ow rA /SwA jB q ,k{ Jvd
jABi B AnU BoU  ` /SwA k{ JBhTA wA AM
B oU AoM hnBU o
pA  nqM BBijn BwA /SwA BC AoM oQ
B /kAk{ A jABi B (JAj) Tuna BU BU To Araz pnA pA ,knAj SA
k{ A jABi B ,kATn nB M jAoA a B AM Bp  RBAe
B] (opBM) Ertug
rul o nA ,(B{) Dog an Bj B BM jkT BjABi
jB TwA BM B@ BwA A /knAj j] (JB) Kartal BUnB , [ oU BTwBM Bo
|Bi ,Swj A pA UB B (Bw) kara Ao . o (k w) ak C . @C BrA pA
M (oLM) Kaplan P (o{) Arslan wnA kB nB{ RBAe B /k{

127

SwQ

RnqM:kB Bo AA B ` /k{ A wA LoU Rn M B BU


/kTv B BwC B oU M [An BwA pA (oTv@Bi o@) bozkut
,}Bi  (k w) ak C . @C rA pA jB TwA BM BoU  jn LoU BwA
oM) Akkuzup @C :kB /k{ TiBw ,kj q kUoY o{
. Lp C ,(k w oMA) AkbulutRM @C ,(k w nA) AkzmpA@C (k w
R n
M (yi) z pA rA RBA pA nBvM /( Lp) AkzanbakLp @C
k@ B U B KeB T~h{ B kM s M jn nBM BwA M kzhM
A{ (dil) BM B BMp M nB{A jM B Co wA  zdiljpA ,kB k
@ ztrknUpA jnAj k@ B U (kan B@) i oM  zkanBpA ;S{Aj
@BQ M ,j{ kB Oztemiz qUpA ~h{ o@A ,SwA oYA oUn

o{ M st Rw ,S{Aj B zstRwpA T{Aj {oo{ /SwA 


(nBhTA) n A /SwA ( @BQ o{) PakstRw @BQ Swj A pA oj B /SwA
nsev w A ,(jAj nBhTA) nver nA :SwA oU BwA nj JLd q]

TiBw nBzM BwA (jo) er nA rA BM /(k]nA jo) ner oA ( z nBhTA)


jo) zernpA /(jo pA Kz) Erdal AjnA ,(xBMjo) Erol nA kB /j{
nj y (oU) ok fA. A  B] C pA /(A] jo) Genero` B ,(A
BB nj [nA L B (oU j) on-ok A A X ] jnAj oU BTwBM gnBU
/(oU w) ok A ^A kB /SwA k{ jB TwA C pA jABi
[An nBvM ,jnAj nB{A BC BLeB BnC B A SB\{ oj M  BB
oM A) GbilmezqM ^ ,(Ajo U B) Gvendikj X /kTv
qw ,(o{ kBwoU) ArslankorkutRn wnA ,(k L Rz
M (w) Ta xBU ,(C) Temir oU ,@ Demir oj /(kz xBi) Snmez
B (C @) Demirdag
Ajoj :k{ A wA LoU Rn M B BU

wA BB

128

B A M k JBA Sn nB
TA `Ba /(BwC w) Denktas
xBTj
. xB nw ,(oMAkPw) Akka xB C . xB @C :kB ,kk{ JBhTA jABi
/(fAo Bj) Ag
zi byk M qC B /(nw oMA) Samurka xB nw
nj S Jqe oMj /knAj jABi BB nj pnBM y wBw kB

li ce @BTBU B] qTw B 1950 BBw


Be nj ,S{Aj An (36) Tahtaki
An y  A) Vatansevernw  :o
kjB jioM oT BB Aoj
o oB{ A kd B ,( jBi) Yurdakul@Ajn B ,(jnAj Swj

n kCjn B ,(SwoQ  ) YurdatapNBUAjn a BwA /Ao


Yurdaydi
An ji SwA  AoBnC ;ko nAo jn A nj q (BMBU )
/kBM ,(jnAj BnC  A) lkta @ ir o{BUA
C A B k{ kAjooM oU M wnB B Mo B jnA pA nBvM nj
Inal BA M kT{Aj B Emin A ,@ Amin A  jAoA pA nBvM :kATomQ An oU

(T{Aj BA) A rA BM o
pA BA zn Aop ,kjAj wA oU Inan BA B
Be ,SwA BwA  A AoM Mi BX BA AMA oU fn B /SwA oMAoM

UBM jABi B JBhTA BM ,oB{ B d C


ji jAk]A M Beyatli
= svarnAw bey M = @ eh { Aop SwA jo nB{A @ ehsvarog
lu A nAv{
,knAj j] q BQnA oU LoU BwA /SwA (nAwKwA) atli UC
A q]  SwA Cela
l ArsevenwnC ] , oU tB{o B oUnz
seven w rA AoB k{ To vAo (o) Art rA pA jABi B

/k{BM <o nAkTwj> M B \ SwA k{ BA C M (T{Aj Swj)


jABi B Rn M i a k{ BA BM k Aoe JBA pA nBvM
{) Mumu a B (kL ,oC) Demiri aoj :kB /kkB kp
An ji pnBz T X ,kAk{ TiBw q kk] Aoe BwA TLA ,(pBw

129

SwQ

T  SwA v BM nkB ,kB (kp h{ A) Srerekeroannw


,yhM RB\) Kurtaran AnBUn ,( kp) Yaat RB{B a BB B{qQ
Gezdirenojq B /k JBhTA An ,(Bw Swnj) Saglam Bw B ,(B{

nAq) Binbire@ it SzaoMM B pjQ AoM (joM An An jo  A)


TC BB AnBC nj 1950 j nj /kTv LwB BB o]BU AoM (

nba xBM TC B ,(BMnp) Alti nren nA


,kjM [An Bonp AoM ( ow) Alti
za C Be ,jM ( Akj) Altinda xAj TC B{qPAkj  jn wA
pA /SwA T{Aj B ,(k BM An jo  A) Gzdren njp {qQ
 jM Karadeniz qjAo . qjAo AnTwn KeB M T   jn BwA
 wB Nuri Glge n ,S{Aj B (wo o@) AkurtRnaC
n rA pA ywA Aop ,jM jAj ZohM l xi q jo RB o BwC nj
wA /jM jo B An C (Bw) Glge jABi B BM jM k{ TiBw
Bn a wA  B Bn B M jM jB M T kB{i Aka
kA ` ,jM jnC j] M Lo KoU (pn) B yB (pn B)
Kaya BB wA S] M ,(B B@) Dmdz pkj jABi B BM ovQ

/kjM jo JBhTA yAoM An (oh)


B C pA  k{ [An B{qQ M LB] jABi BB  nj 1950 j nj
,AhTwA kM Tv{ }~hT (CnU) Demirag
Aoj oTj B M AU
,BAp Bp }~hT (A]) Gen _ oTj ,(Bw pn) Sa'im Sa
g Bw B
oTj wA /jo nB{A SvroT@BM (cd ,Swnj) Dog
ru oj oTj
}~hT AoM B oUKwB (kM An  A) Bog
azgren npBM
B BM SvrnA }~hT M kAT  Sv ,SwA M e x@

nar nBQn jABi


?k jBTA (kUnk za) Grpi

wA BB

130

BC JBhTA j jnAk j] BTwAj jABi BB uQ nj oj poA


SwA nBA k u oU jABi BB pA nBvM Be A BM ,Sv
/jnAj B oU en pA Bz T{Aj j] jo l nj yQ o pA @

BT{AjjB
k
1. I n R .Br n n o w a n d A . F isch e r , Arabische Chrestomathie aus

Prosaschriftstellern. Leipzig 1935. p.3.


2. Cf.I.Frazer, The GoldenBough, II, chapter IV I, personal Names
tabooed,and the relevant chapters in G. van der Leeuw, phenomenology

of Religion, and F. H eile r, Erscheinungsformen und Wesen der Religion,


Stuttgart 1961.
3. L e one Cae ta ni and G uise ppe G a brie li, Onomasticon Arabicum,
Rome 1915, p.59 n. 2
4. J.H G arcin de Tassy, M moire sur Ie s noms propre s e t sur Ie s
titres musulmans, JA sr. 5, III (1854), p. 422.

A ~
1. Encyclopediaof IsIam, new ed. (1954), Vol. IV, pp. 179-81, s.v.ism.

:M k B |Bi wA o~U nBMnj /2


Wolfdietrich Fischer, Grammatikdes klassischenArabisch,Wiesbaden
2nd.ed. 1986 141,4; 153.

oYA M BwA ] B{A AoM /SwA k d k w M cd {


:BAkL ;k d :Bk d ;RBdTA :Bd U :k ]Ao 55 /| ,B ,BTB@
B B jo j jnC B\ AoM XU BwA KA /A A :BB ; A jBL A
ve ve ,vdA Bv d
A pA n X kn nBM MBz BwA AnAj
AoA o pA oYBT  eA nj jn nBM |Bi wA AM { A ;kTv
 B  v e  kB /j{ jB
TwA KoU Rn~M B{ B nj kTv
BA ve BA , kw pA n B\A nj /kw j  B , ve j ) k w
JBT nj kn nBM Ajo AoM  W { BM BwA pA Two (/SwA ve
/jnAj j] op
Werner Caskel, Gamharat an-nasab, Leiden 1965, Vol. I, pp 45-50.

nBM o{ B { j AoM SwA BwA A  SwA k T k B


TwA
B { bAnA jo Ao n M `M ovQ AoM Bp B pA jB
TwA X /kn
nj `Arabische Eigennamen /SwA
Grundrib der ArabischenPhilologie I, Wiesbaden 1982, p. 157.

,KUBA JjA ,LT MA :M k ]Ao AnB] BwA nBMnj B AoM /3


]Ao 56 /| /BM L M BkoQ BwA nBMnj ,63 | /1963 ,oB /4yAo
tBwAoM B Uk  jnAj RBAe BwA pA Two 78 /| nj oYA B ,BTB /k@
pA nBvM nj jn nBM q JB\Q nj RBAe BwA /SwA jo U oYA A
M :kB /kAk{ A BBvA M  nioM UBAe BwA M BB nB{A

:SwA Tn nBM o{ A nj  /(o Mo@) Billa


kTv <Mo@> K Ao z
/Sv A AoM {pA kz An A kLM An A BvA Bo
R. Temple. ProperNames of Punjabis,? p. 168.

/k ]Ao 54 /| LT MA oYA B nj j] Swo M BB BwA AoM /4


5. P.Marty. Folklore Tunisien. REI 10 (1936). esp 389, 396.

poA kA M wA BwA B cU AoM  AAo B{U


/SwA nBvM k Ao  RAoLU pA @Be ,To Rn Jo
6. Caskel, op. cit, I.p. 49.

M k ]n /7
Caetani, op. cit, p. 53-4 Theodor Nldeke,

Bemerkungen ber

hebrische and arabische Eigennamen ZDMG 15 (1851), p. 807.


8. Garcin de Tassy, op. cit, p. 451.

wnoM Be  1360 ,pAA ,B ,BM oAkL oTj k{pnA Swo nj /9


/jnAj j] q]j wA 233 BU /SwA o
38000 B Lo U M T ,B 3000 jke
A Bj M  SB k nB L{ nj AU An q] j BwA pA Bi 
/knAj C j o M nB{A kC BkM k Bv kA ZAjpA pA  k{

ja SrinavastAB o{ \ki kB
 SwA k{ T
/BoM oLA BA B Khadi
Bzo kd jM k xov  BM A Bv nz oB{ ,wA nm ovQ
 dU op oYA nj /kjo Ak LM An A ,T{Aj B Muhammad Krishna
/jnAj j] BMp BM BBv Bk JB A BwA nBMnj B]
Afia Dil, Studies on Bengal, East Lansing 1976. p. 70.
10. Encyclopediaof Islam, 2nd ed. Vol. V, 395-6 s.v. kunya;

ibid, Vol.I 828; B

`
:SwA nBM A nj ~
wBzMBT Be op oYA

Caetani op.cit, pp. 132-33.

:pA SvUnBL nBM A nj  dU A


J.F.D.Kosegarten, Uber den Vornamen oder die Kunje der Araber

ZFKMI (1837). 297-312;

:SB Swj oTzM RBA M AU ,op L B BM


Ignaz Goldziher, Gesetzliche Bestim mungen ber kunja-Namen in
Islam. ZDMG 51 (1897) 256-66.

KUoU M
Der Gebrauch der kunja als Ehrenbezeichnung.

nj
MuhammedanischeStudien Vol. I, 267.

/SwA  4000 pA yM B{  jnAj j] op nBYC nj LB] KB `


Barbara Stowasse r-Fre ye r, Forme n de s ge se llige n U mga ngs und
E ige n t u mlich ke it e n de s Sp r ach ge bra u ch s in de r fr h isla misch e n
stdtischen G e se llschaft Arabie ns. Der Islam 42 (1965), 25-57; Anton
Spitaler, Beitrge zur Kenntnis der kunja-Namengebung, in Festschrift

W. Caskel, Le ide n 1968, p p.336-50; A lbe r t D ie tr ich , D a s ku nya Wrterbuch

ag g ag.
des Muslim ibn al-H
`

FestschriftW. Caskel. pp.43-52.

:M k B /11

A ugu st F isch e r, V e r g t t lichu n g u nd T a bu isie ru n g de r N a me n


Mu hammads be i de n M uslime n, R . H artmann and H .Sche e l ( e ds).

Beitrgezur Arabistik,Semitistikund Islam wissenschaft,Leipzig 1943, p.


316 n.

 An vMA  pA jB
TwA ji (|)oLBQ ,MB pA ioM tBwAoM /12
/16 /| /1360 ,AoU ,Bo ,yhMn ve :M k ]Ao ,jM jo@
/379 ,378 /| ,1312 ,oB ,nB @lA JBT ,A o{ M d /13
Spitaler, op. cit. p. 327 n2.
14. Kosegarten. op. cit, passin; Caskel, op. cit., I p. 48.
15. I. Goldziher, in MuhammedanischeStudien I 267.
16. Stowasser-Freyer, op. cit., p. 32 n.

/376375 | ,B , /17
18. Kosegarten, op. cit
19. Kosegarten, op.cit. p.502.

/SwA nB A L Bi MA JBT @


20. Caskel, op. cit., I p. 48.

Ao KLw SwA  nj  jo 


U M AU An A MA ,BeoM /21
/j{
;374 /| ,B , /22
Theodor N lde ke , Z ur te nde nzi se n G estaltung der U rge schichte
des Islam. ZDMG 52 (1898) p. 30.
23. Marty, op. cit., pp. 399-401.

:M k B K
M BLT{A jn nj /24

H e inrich Freihe rr von Maltzan, be r Beiname n be i de n Arabe rn


des Magrib. ZDMG 24 (1870), pp. 617-23.

Stowasser-Freyer, op. cit., p. 31,n31.


25. Caetani, op. cit., p. 104.

/ 1295 . 694 :R Bw k~MA


26. R ich ard T. Antoun, O n the significan ce of n ame s in an Arab
Village Ethnology7 (1968), p. 158.

pA BX /26
Garcin de Tassy, op. cit. p. 441.
27. N a imu r R e h ma n , T h e Ku n ya na me s in A ra bic, Allahabad

UniversityStudies 5 (1929), 6 (1930).

qM tkwo {B M  SB jw BTvMo nj AU An  pA kk]


/kAjAj (nBTw nkQ) \MA @
28. August Fischer, Vergttlichung, p. 315.
30. Caetani, op.cit., pp. 138-39.
31. G .Le vi de lla Vida, Matronymics among Arab poe ts. JAOS 62
(1942). 156-171.

AozA  A A Kv  JBT A BM KLe MA oYA tBwAoM


:M k B kB kM BKv AoM /32
Wright, ArabicGrammar, 3 ed., Vol 1 249.
33. Marty, op. cit., p. 371.
34. Rudolf

Sellheim, "Familiennamem" im islamischen Mittelalter,

in On the Dignityof Man, OrientalStudies in Honourof FrithjofRundgren.


Stockholm 1986, pp. 375-84.
35. S.D . G oite in, Nickn ame s as family name s, JAOS 90 ( 1970)
517-24.
36. Encyclopediaof Islam, 2nd ed., Vol. V 618-31, s.v. lakab. Caetani,

op. cit., p. 144 ff.

pA SvUnBL p A nj AkpnA  dU
A.C. Barbier de Meynard, Surnoms et sobriquets dans la litrature
arabe, JA 10 sr. 9 (1907) 173-244, 365-428; 10 (1908) 55-118,193-273.
37- Barbier de Meynard, op. cit., JA 10, p. 112.

qA S
A BwAoi nj ;W A k nj ;nAowAZe BTwpi nj Ze /38
nj ~
jAkM nj ,kAqA AkLMA tnB nj []oT ,oAMA :BA okU ]
/SwA k{ kAi [ ]oT ,oLhA :BAomU ] o d A
o~M
39. Sellheim, op. cit. p. 381.

j ~
;368 /| ,B , /1
M.J.Kister, Call yourselvesby gracefulmanes, Jerusalem 1970.

: SwA A k{ nB{A C M dU Wke nj  (|)oLBQ |Bi JAjC pA


/kB AoMA An A jB
 Bj nj An ji AqM pA nAk (|)oLBQ
/5 /| ,B ,yhMn /2
AkhnBU m MA SLv yBX ,SwA jL  K AM wA A joMnB A /3

/SwA (/ 676631) oAq\A B


4. J.J. Hess, Beduinennamenaus Zentralarabien,Heidelberg 1912.
5. Abu' I-fazl, A'in-i Akbar i, transl. Blochmann and Jarre tt, Calcutta
1868, Vol Ip. 558; Marty, op. cit., p. 409.

/57 /| /B ,LT MA /6
7. Snouck H urgronje , Mekka, transl. J. H . Monaha, Le ide n 1931, p.
110.

:SwA a Tn nBM B\C nj  UAnBL


kBM <SwA T{Am An B A UoM kAki  n B UoM An B A >
/SwA jB B Roe oM ji kAki { WjBeA tBwAoM  jo nCjB
8. Pie rre Ce ntlivre s, Noms, surnoms e t te rme s d' addre sse dans le
Nord Afghan, Studia Iranica I (1972), p. 93.

365 /| ,B , /9
10. Badaoni, Muntakhabat-tawa
ri kh, transl. vol.II.W.H. Lowe,p. 259.
11. Abu' l-Fazl, Akbarn ama, transl.H .Beveridge, Calutta 1897-1921,
Vol. III, p. 582.

/17 /| ,B ,yhMn /12


AoM /knAj BA BwA nC] M BU k BBv nAo pA /13
oYA nj  jo nB{A (1785 :R) j A nB jnjo ]Ai M AU
nB{A K wA k pA yM M / 1310 ,j ,JBTA ji wnB B]
Kk kd oB xnkQ /SwA jo ohT
BC T{Aj M An A kAki  k
BwA Ba M An Kk B ji BnB BTwAj BBo (1758 :R) nB
a wn An A j] BM  k Roe kAi  TiBw K oQ

/SwA A jnj v a wA A B nj joMQ |Bh{A S M AU


:BM k vB
Schimmel, Pain and Grace, Leiden 1976, pp.83-84.

BM k vB /14
C.E. Bosworth, tranal. The Lata
'if al-Maarif of Tha alibi; The Book of

Curious and EntertainingInformation.Edinburgh 1968, p. 86

/Sz An ovQ ovQ   ovQ  ovQ , jn AoM


15. D r . lk T o ks z, Anne ve ocuk, A n ka r a 1968; p p . 261-73:

m?
ocug umuza ne isim kovali
16. Marty, op. cit., p. 409.

/12 /| /1968 ,jAkM ,MoA A ,AoBvA AoMA /17


a AoA nj {An wA oU nBMnj 35 /| B A BM yMBT nj BM /18
M /kjo {An M kLU k{ jnA vAo BMp M oL BMp pA iAn> k
AjAp n M jo o{ M kLU An C j qAoA An vAo {An BAoA pA
jL U~dU AnAj BTeA  BAoA pA yQ Bw 52 jke /knAm ji
</jnAm !{ An xoTij wA \T nj j !!{ M kLU An o{

jnBA wA AoA nj /19


` /jnAj j] (SwA jAj njB) Anaverdi
/jo nB{A (k{ni M kpo) jAjoiMA o AkAo] B M AU
20. Albert Socin, Die arabischen Eigennamen in Algier, ZDMG 51
(1897) p. 500.
21. E .de Z a mba u r , Manuel de gnalogie et de chronologie ...,
Hannover 1927, p. 179.

lu M.Fahrettin, Kuzeydog u Anadolu'da kullani lan Trke


22. Ki rziog

erkek adlari , TFAD 5 (1949).p. 76.


23. Temple, op. cit., p. 30.
24. Z. Dalboy, Konya'da adlarla ilgili gelenek ve i nanmalar. TFAD
80 (1956), 2280-82.
25. Marty, op. cit., 394.
26. Dalboy, op. cit., p. 2280.
27. Temple, op. cit., pp.23-30.

/36 /| /B ,BM /28


,vkn yAo , X ,n kA] :M k ]Ao /29
:1743 o w ,2 /Z ,19401952 k ;k ,/Z8
Bp e nj Svek B>
<Bw ip jM An jo
30. Marty, op. cit., p. 376.
31. Centlivres, op. cit., p. 91.
32. Marty, op. cit., p. 375.

um ve o cukla ilgili ade tle r ve


33. Kadr iye I lgaz, Ist anbu l' da dog
inanmalar. TFAD 93 (1957), pp. 1481-82.
H.Storey, Persian Literature,A biblio- biographicalsurvey,tBwAoM /34

/SwA k{ R o\ 1359 Bw nj A
35. Marty, op. cit., p. 394.
36. Centlivres, op. cit., p. 91.

Tz ([Q) u
i B u i pA  SwA jo{oM An BwA pA jAkU UnB
nB{A ,SwA Tn nBM B o
nj KA  [Q jk jB] SBi M kAk{

/k{BM T{Aj TvM jB TA A M ui pA BBA Ro


 Sv kM /k
37. E. Littmann, Leben und Arbeit, Oriens, 29-30,p. 64.
38. E . Littmann, Be duine n- und D ruse n name n aus de m H auranGebiet. Abh. Gesellschaftder Wissenschaften,Gttingen 1920;

:BM k vB
Hess, Beduinenna-men,

/k ]Ao 113 /| M Rz e AoM


[An Bp nj  k nB{A B M p M /20 /| ,B ,AoBw /39
/SwA kC BkM BA o~ nj o p keA k{
40. Temple , op. cit., p. 80; Ja far sharif, Islam in India, transl, G .A.
Herklots, ed. William Croke, Oxford 1921, esp. pp. 30-34.

affar ad-di n Ah mad, Isla


mi Na
m, Delhi n.d.
41. Muz

nBTv AkL ,njB


AkL
BB k{BM kC BkM L{w pn  ovQ AoM
,J
, w
/k jBzQ An ,BX ,o ,o MM
A , v e , v e ,k w ,njB

, \k
, ] ,Bv A \ AU An kBM BkM ] K{  oTij
i , A , kMB

/kAi B B
e
42. Hess, op.cit., p. 50.
43. Marty, op. cit., p. 404.

w ~
1. E . L it t ma n n , E ige n n a me n d e r h e u t ige n gyp t e r . Studii

Orientalistici,Rome 1956,p. 89.

M k
~A oYA nj ` /kM M 2227 /| pA /5 Z ,X ,n kA] /2
Tn nBM Bp wA AM b~AMU poA k nj /SwA k{ nB{A b~ B
:SwA
Muzaffar ad-din Ahmad, Isla
mi Na
m.

W Bp B oj B Bi ,M jqA BM k nB L{ nj BB a /3
M AvM :k{
/368 /| ,B ,BLM /4
5. Caetani, op. cit., p. 87-89.

/kn nBM LoU Rn~M  SwA A wA 113 pA Two Be


6. Caetani, op. cit., p. 90.

/603 /| /1 /Z ,B ,AkM /7
Pomona College BQ [B pA Carl Ernst SvnA nB nvoQ An K A /8

/SwA T{Am nBTiA nj


9. Hess, op. cit., p. 22:

nB{A eoAkL wA AoM KLdU BwA A M  e j e j BwA M


/k
AoM 1986 Bw nj B@Aj nj ,SwA K~ KeB j nBMnj  BTwAj A /10
/k{
11. Encyclopediaof Islam, 2nd ed., s.v. lak
ab.

;368 /| ,B , /12
A.Fischer, Vergttlichung, p. 311 ff.

:M k B wA Bo AoM /13


Annemarie Schimmel, And Muhammad is His Messenger,Chapel Hill

1985, Ch.6.
14. Stowasser-Freyer, op. cit., p. 26.

/15 /| ,o ,yhMn /15


:SwA k{ op oYA nj o{ A /16
, ,(|)oLBQ bk nj o{ \ :S B nA ,wC k k]Bw
/49 /| ,1962
:SwA k{ WdM nBM A nj ~
op L nj /17
A. Fischer, Vergttlichung.

qkA oL Q oU BMp nj B ,Roe C ,o @A wn :pA kUnBL JB A A /18


, Si w jqA BM B oC B{ nj (SwB now oLBQ) Peygamber efendimez
TiBw (|)oLBQ B M MB i BMj BrA oj (B C now) Si di jw
/k{
19. K.M. Saif-ul- I sla m, Cat a logu ing Be nga li M u slim n a me s,

UNESCO Informationscience Journal 2 (1980), p. 39.

/SwA j] op L nj RBLoU A pA k
Swo /20
kd ik ,B ,BM
A wA kA rA Ao M o v ,w S
nBa o k nj /21
o kAw ,kAv :k{
C k d
A  SwA k{ nB{A jo M :36 /| /B ,BM /22

/jnAj B k d
A M SwA Bp AoM k
rA pA jB
TwA BM LoU BwA joM nBM /23
,kTv W B k{ Ti n~ A M  BwA  k{BM oBi
C xi C KLw M   B BwA B
To kjB SM jnAj BTeA oTzM
/jn nBM

/190 /| /1917 ,n ,jhM pn ,BL A kd /24


M KLdAkL B ,JLdAkL :o BwA BC  SwA A v /25
:B JLd AM kAki ji M B knAj nB{A ,kAki JLd nB ,(|)oLBQ
AM kd Roe M nB{A SwA Td (UBi kM) UBhAkL jn nj
/k{BM T{Aj AoLBQ
26. As-S
afdi , Das BiographischeLexikon, Vol. 13,p. 103.

o ,yhMn /27
/242 ,78 /| ,1924 ,n ,Anj BM ,BL A /28
BM A o{ nj /150 /| ,1923 ,n ,oz BQ ,BL A /29
(gnBU @Bj) Bj gnBU /142 /| ,1936 ,n ,oL\A
/230 /|,o ,yhMn /30
/SwA [An KoU k nj /< Roe BwA> /221 /| ,B\B /31
;374 /| ,B , /32
Nldeke, Zur tendenzisen

Gestaltung, p. 30.

o  /S{Aj B oLi Swj Ak  TB An ~h{  AoA nj /33


/jnAj nB{A A BA M A wA q] w
/ko nAo jn A nj nAkj ,BQ a BB /34
Garcin, op. cit. p. 434,

kn nBM RAjBw jn nj oTzM BwA A  SwA k{ o@l  oYA nj


/kTv AAo q Bo oj B A oB
/604 /| /3 /Z ,B ,AkM /35
/109 /| ,B ,BM nj LoU BwA BTwo /36
/jnAj ZAn ve oL { B oL{
, v e oL { a UBLoU BTv@BQ nj poA /37

38. Brockelmann, GAL, S II,p. 1021.


39. Marty, op. cit., p. 402.
40. ibid., p. 402.

nBa~
1. Caetani, op.cit., pp. 99-100

p A nj |Bi RB dU /SwA k{ WdM Bp BwA M ]An BM oYA nj


:pA kUnBL
E mil G ratzl, Die altarabischen Frauennamen, Le ipzig 1906; H einrich
R inge l, Die Frauennamen in der arabisch-islamischen Liebesdichtung,
L e ip zig 1938; L a slo R aso n yi, T r kl kt e kadin adla ri, Trk Dili

Yilli
gi Belleten, 1963.
Ara@ ti rmalari
2. Hess, op. cit., p. 28;
Marty, op. cit., p.376 :M k ]Ao

qn SwA  kB Dalanda kj AU An oTij nBa B w


/k{BM jB]
B (k{ jo{ nAi) Ghairna
Bo a BB BM Bk B nj /3
,knAj j] ( U) KhaintoTi
Temple, op. cit., p.29

B RB
Rn~M  nioM BwA pA jBp jAkU M BM B JBT nj /4
 RAjBvAtk A RAjBvAo{A ,RAjBvAo @A :kB kTv AB AnAj
/j{ oo BC AB pA jAoA kB B

/52 /| ,o ,yhMn /5


6. Cae t an i, op. cit., p. 100; vgl. Fr itz Me ie r , Die sch ne Mahsati,
Wiesbaden 1963, p. 47.
7. Littmann, Eigennamen im heutigen gypten,

p. 92.

8. Basgz, Name and Society, p.1

BkM pn nj oTij A Aop (B kB) AyselwC B M k nB{A oTij M


BwA pA oj nBvM jn nj BTeA jB BQ B o M BvA A  kC
/jnAj j] UAoLU a q
9. Caetani, op. cit., p. 99.

v dA
BwA wA M Te op oYA nj SwA k{ nB{A RAjBw A B M :B ,BM /10

:SwA k{ nB{A q (BB oUBLp)


Muz
affarad-din Ahmad, Isla
mi Na
m
11. Meier, op. cit., p. 47.
12. Littmann, Eigennamen im heutigen gypten,

p. 85.

BvAnB ,BvAkeA kB BwA pA B{A M keA kAo


 /13
/SwA jo nB{A Bv AoTij AoM ] B BB A M BvAw
:M k B /14
Hess, op. cit., p. 28.

AoM  k AnA B pA ~
Swo zAcL nj kz /15

@B jB
TwA xn BM Ao Swo A /SwA Tn nB M B] BM jn ABM
AoM {pnABM  ,wA Bnz nj JB i d Th B{A BA
WdM Mo BwA nBMnj 1957 ,oB ,wA JB
A ,B{BM ve oYA ;SwA  dU
An w o gnBU T{n B\zAj k oU nj JB A A pA jB
TwA ,k

RB L nj Bp BwA nBMnj k
owB
U ;SwA  dU ninj k z nBaj
Temple, op. cit., 15-17. nj AU An (g{ ,BTQ , ,kw) k B] Th

/jo e

\Q ~
1. Caskel, op. cit., Vol. I, p. 49.

/k ]Ao  oYA A ~ M  A nBMnj  RBA Kv AoM


:M k ]Ao knAj S A M SLv u  BwA pA Twj C AoM /2
Theodor N ldeke, Neue Beitrge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft;
Wrter mit Gegensinn, strassburg 1910, p. 88. A.

ir pe r antiphrasin "blind", Z D MG 61 ( 1907)


Fische r, Arabisch bas
425-34, 751-4; Fadwa Malti-Douglas,Pour une rhtorique onomastique;

- Safadi , Cahiers d'onomastique Arabe I


les noms des aveugles chez as
(1979), 7-19.

261 /| /7 Z ,oAqA \A ,joM oU MA /3


/476 /| , [BUM ] AoU ,wBL kd yAo ,AozA o mU ,BzTj /4
5. Barbier de Meynard, art. cit., JA 10, p. 190.

/220 /x /298 | /22/Z ,B ,k


~A /6
7. Goitein, op. cit., p. 521.

:M k ]Ao
Marty's story ( op. cit., p. 401)

B wA  An ApBMow A pA kjoM Rm oAq\A nj vAo AovA pA ioM

/kj B] B keA nj ,jM Am jA B B{K


8. Encyclopediaof Islam, 2nd ed., Vol. III, p. 950.

ays a Bays a.) }M }e :ik ,BM L /9


(H
10. Pianel Sobriquets marocains. Hespris 37 (1950) p. 327.
11. Barbier de Meynard, art. cit., JA 10, p. 233.

383 /| ,B , /12
oow BBX Be oYA A w ~ ;67 /| ,B ,VnwBM .LBY /13
j BTwA K (<n n> ovQ) ~dA j MA M k ]U ` ;SwA k@

fn kAMA
14. Brockelmann, GAL S II,p. 644
15. R . Blach r e , Un pote arabe du IVe sicle de L'Hgire, Abou't

Tayyibal-Motanabbi,paris

1935, p.150

16. Maltzan, op. cit., p. 620.


17. Pianel, op. cit., p. 397.
18. Barbier de Meynard, art. cit., JA 10, p. 84.
19. Caetani, op. cit., p. 152.

uQ nU M nBM A  SwA Ao KeB wA Bj o{ nj K /20


n /SwA B] B{ BC oUnz  k{ A oj BAoBo M pA
kAk{ wnoM Aoj aoM A / ,u /J wM  T w B xoTv@
/k\  dU A nj
21. Barbier de Meynard, art. cit., JA 10, p. 226.

M AU BC B pA  SwA Ao{ pA LB] AAo JB A Be B A

K (oMM }h{ ovQ) k AMA


oj /jo nB{A 80 d
nj KAk

pA a :SwA kC a nBM A nj  SwA B fn kA M kAB@


k Sod nBpn kM pA xnB{A nj TwQ U j] BM fn A jAk]A
423 /| 22 /Z ,B ,k
/SwA k{ kAi kA ,T{Aj SB{ B U
:M k B /22
Sellheim, "Familiennamen".

:SwA k{ AnA Mi op L nj
Marty, op. cit., p. 399.

,jAo BTwA :jABi B pA Tv M Aoe A pA (jBTwA =) BTwA kLU


/jAo BTwA
TB oU { ,knj Mazumdarnkq , Majumdar nk\ [An B /23
/SwA wnB nAj\
Emin Efendi kA A z  jo nB khTv AnBC BzAj nj /24

nBhTA BM xov ,k{  (pC jAw) kAi BdTAnj A T k{ kB


/jAj oU Emin Bey MA M An A B
25. Maty, Op. cit., p. 397.

B{ BwA nBMnj nkA Bn Uo RB dU M k ]Ao `


UBC o{
,oz kd yAo ,gnATA Twn ,BdA Twn C {Bkd /26

shi {BM BrA pA zT JB A pA SwA ~


Swo Be ;1348 :AoU
ba
wBC
/AoA nB]B vw nj Aghasi
/312 /| ,7 /Z ,oAqA \A ,joM oU MA /27
pA  wn L oLn A M BiB C  jo nB{A MB A M AU B\A nj /28

BM JB A A ,k B A BwA o AoQ M T{Aj j] 19 o

,@ Ra
i An ,Aj :pA kUnBL JB A oj /j{ o{ (d o un) muk'hi
JB A ,k{ jB JB A M LeB rA jo BA BM / ne B\B ,op
LeB An :kB k{ TiBw Bp
612 /| ,oL @AC ,
AMA /29
30. Barbier de Meynard, op. cit., JA10, p. 94.

ab;
31. Encyclopdeiaof Islam, new ed., VOL. V, 618-31, s.v. Lak

nj Mi  dU ,kAq\ nBMnj ;294 /| /3 /Z ,BM L M k B `


MB M oTzM RBA AoM /jnAj j] kM M 104 /| ,B{BLA ve omAMBw oYA
:k ]Ao op
Caetani. op. cit. p. 221; Garcin de Tassy, op. cit., p. 424ff

BTwBw JBT 41 ~ nj \w op (/ 485 :R) AB /32


kAi K j pA oT M o@A JB i B BjC oUSvQ Te  k SB{
:M k B ;k{ T
{C oM k{
H.Darke. The Book of Government,or Rules for Kings. London 1960,
pp. 152- 62.

nj k{ ;19581956. 13771375 ,oB ,okAT ,LBY /33


Encyclapediaof Islam, Vol V, P.230.

`
A.Mez, Die Renaissancedes Islam, Heidelberg 1922, pp.78-79.
34. J .Krame r s, L e s noms musulman s comp os s ave c D in , Acta

Orientalia V, (1926) esp. 63-67.

/281 /| /A /Z /k
,ki MA wU k{ /35

nj k{ , /1129 /| :]oU .132 /| BLA nBYC ,oM /36


Encyclopediaof Islam, Vol V, P. 625, s.v. Lak
ab

 SwA T{Aj nBA ,145 /| ,2 /Z ,oAqA \A nj joM oU MA `


/koM B kA rA pA jB
TwA kM qa pA kAU BAoA
37. I .G o ld zih e r , A li ibn M a jn u m a n d se in Sit t e n sp ie ge l de s
stlichen Islam, ZDMG 28 (1874), esp. p. 306f.

/SwA jo nB{A BLUnA A M Simon Digby Lj w nBM Tvh /38

A bd a l-Q uddu s G a ngo h i: T h e

Pe r so n alit y an d A t tit u de s o f a

Medieval Indian Sufi, in MedievalIndia. Vol. 3, Aligarh (1975) 43.

n zu sa mme n ge se t zt e n
39. A lb e r t D ie t r ich , Z u d e n mit a d -di
islamischen Personennamen. ZDMG 110 (1960), 45-54.

:A BM xo{ nj /40
The memoirs of Bishr al-H
a fi the Sfi .
41. Fa dwa Ma lti-D o u gla s. Th e in te r re lat io nsh ip of o n o ma stic

n-names, and kunyas, in the ninth century AH, Cahiers


elements isms-di
d'onomastiqueArabe, 1981, 27-55.
42. Ayalon, The enuchs in the Mamluk sultanate. MemorialGaston

Wiet, Jerusalem1977, p. 278.


43. Caetani, op. cit., pp. 199-203; Barbier de Meynard, art. cit., JA 10.

/SwA k{ o@l BqA rA BM RBLoU pA jBp B B A nj


/61 /| ,6 /Z , zAcL ,kz /44

45. Barbier de Meynard, art. cit., JA 10, p. 81

BM B JBT nj jnAj j] ABe ,A ,A ,Ag{ BwA /46

/SwA M B A RBLoU pA nBvM kB  SwA k{ nB{A q ARBM Te


47. Garcin de Tassy, op. cit., p. 451.
48. Maltzan, op. cit., p. 617f.
49. Caetani, op. cit., p. 165ff.

B) p B l /kB kk{ TiBw l rABM ,BTvMo J] BL B


tA l ,(ql
50. I. Goldziher, ber

Dualtitel. WZKM13 (1899), pp. 321-29.

z{ ~
1. Goldziher, Gesetzliche Bestimmungen. ZDMG 51, 264-66.

/372 /| ,B , /2
:pA kUnBL p A nj ~
RB dU /3
E.Garcia Gomez, Hipocorsticos rabes y Patronmicos hispanicos,

Arabica I ( 1953) ; E . Lit tma nn , A ra bische H ypo kor ist ika , Studii
Orientalia Ioanni Pedersen...dicata, Kopenhagen 1953; T.Khemiri, Die
Formen fa u l und Fa u l, Der Islam 26 (1942).

310 /| nj |~hM Marty. op. cit Socin, op. cit KB `


/Z /19421930 ,oM /Z 4 ,oQBQ / yAo ,nkA VjAe ,joM oU MA /4
201 /| ,1
5. Afia D il, A comparative study of the name s and nickname s in

Studies in Bengal, ed. W. M. Gunderson, East Lansing (1976), 51-71.

 kj bo{ (84 /|) JBTA A BM xABT{mow jinj /6

kLz kABM o ;kjM RAjBw pA Th jABi j pA A kA a


/SwA k{ kAi o ]Ai Am ,(o) njB AkL oj (]Ai)
TvMA B{A RAjBvAo @A ik ,o ,yhMn /7
20 /| /B ,VnwM .LBY /8
/368 /| ,B , /9
10. Marty, op. cit., p. 375.
11. D. Ayalon, op. cit., pp. 278-80.

/Z /19361909 ,oM /Z 4 ,oQBQ / yAo ,oAqA \A ,joM oU MA /12


/367 /| /5
13. Zettersten, Beitra
ge zur Geschichteder Mamlukensultane,Leiden
1919, p. 101; J. Sauvage t, Noms e t su rnoms de s Mamlouks JA 238
(1950).

AjAj B\A 1945 Bw nj  B B] nBMnj Akz NBa  dU nj


/jnAj j] B BwA nBMnj B] wnoM
/A wU BkM ,Ajo nB{A C M BM  dU nj  ~ SAo po /14
/jM AM nB pA TLA  k{ z A. Zajaczkowski vr B]Ap
op oYA nj nBM A  SwA kz oYA zAcL nBM A nj B] nB /15

/k{ wnoM
W.Bj rkman, Beitrge zur Geschichte der Staatskanzlei , H amburg
1928.,

:k{ A jB
TwA jn op oYA nj A oiA
H. al-Ba
sha , op. cit.

:kAk{ o Mi M B JB A op oYA nj

M.van Berchem, Materiauxpour un CorpusInscriptionemArabicarum,


Vol. I. Le Caire, paris 1903

|B~TiA BwA oU WdL M B ~ /372-371 /| ,B , /16


/SwA TB
17. G oldzihe r, G e se tzlich e Be stimmu nge n, p . 257; St owa sse rFreyer, Op. cit., P.26.
18. Marty, op. cit., p. 373.
19. G. Pianel, op. cit.,.
20. Brockelmann, GAL S I, p. 391.
21. Snouck Hurgronje, Mecca, Vol. I, pp. 236-37.

/7 /Z ,oQBQ / yAo ,oB


A o~ gnBTA oAqA \A ,joM oU MA /22
/422 /|
,271924 ,T ,Bi SAk / yAo ,en oYD ,kB BLAkL /23
/485 /| /2 /Z
24. Marty, op. cit., pp. 430-31.
25. Ahmad sirhin di, Selected Letters, e d. F azlur R ah man, Kara chi
1968, Letter Nr. 23 to Khankhanan

Abdur

Rah
im.

26. Marty, op. cit., pp. 430-31.

:SwA nBM A nj Mi  dU Be op L /27


/1969 , ,MoA JjA  nBTvA ATA BwA , kAB] vd
28. S. Wild, op. cit., p. 160.

:op L nj uU nj d BwA @B WdL M k B `


Marty, op. cit., p. 384-85.

29. Marty, op. cit, pp. 393-95; Socin, op. cit., p. 467; Caetani, op. cit. p.
97.

/18 /| ,o ,yhMn /30


S
Bh nj jkT BT Isla
me Na
m A BM keA kAo
 oYA nj /31
k{ wA BwA |~hM SwA k{ A k wA BwA ThC
/kATo nAo jB TA jn U BU
32. Snouck Hurgronje, Mecca, Vol. 2, p. 235.
33. Marty, op. cit., p. 385.

:SwA k{ B\A op oYA nj nBM A nj dU /34


/29-28 /| ,B ,AoBw
nBYC B pA /kAjAj B\A UBB oU BwA nBMnj Mo oU B d /35
/jo nB{A op nBYC M AU BoA k{ ozT
Robert F. Spencer, The social context of Modern Turkish Names

South-Western Jnl. of Anthropology, 17, no.3, 205-18; R ichard W.Bullie t,


First names and political change in Modern Turkey IJMES, 9,489-95;
Ilh an Bag z, Th e Me a ning and D ime n sion of Ch ange of P e rso nal
Names in Turkey, Turcica, 15,201-18;

RB dU pA Ae MB jAkU / Name and Society JBT nj kv pA


:kB k{ SB Turk FolklorAra@ ti rmalari Dergisi nj oU
Ali Riza nder, Hinis'ta Insan Isimleri', 63 (1955);

:kv pA
G le'da Insan Isimleri', 73( 1955), M. Cavit Ake r, Mu g la'da adlarla
ilgili gelenek ve inanmalar' 132(1960); Hasan Basri , Car@ amba ve

Terme'deadlarla ilgili geleneklerve inanmalar' 135(1960)

Ajo nB{A BC M L  op RB dU
Zeki Dalhoy, Kadriya Ilgaz, Ki rzi og
lu M.Fahrettin, Sait Tazebayog lu

B jAoA pA BU BBkp BB Be  SwA k L op oYA


:k{BM oU gnBU
Atalay, Trk Bykleri, (1920)

?SwA LwB jABi B BC SwA <Ma oz{> wA A ]oU /36

BMBT@
nB~TiA
GAL

Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Literatur, 3vols. and


Supplements.

GAS

Fuat Sezgin, Geschichtedes arabischenSchrifttums,9 Vols.

IJMES InternationalJournal of Middle Eastern Studies.


JA

Journal Asiatique.

JAOS

Journal of the AmericanOrientalSociety.

JRAS

Journal of the Royal Asiastic Society.

MFOBS Mlanges de la Facult Orientale de l'Universit St. Joseph de


Beyrouth.
MSOS Mitteilungendes Seminars fr OrientalischeSprachen,Berlin.
MW

The Muslim World.

REI

Revuedes tudes Islamiques.

SB

Sitzungsberichte.

WZKM WienerZeitschriftfr die Kundedes Morgenlandes.


ZDMG Zeitschriftder DeutschenMorgenlndischenGesellschaft.
ZfKM

Zeitschriftfr die Kundedes Morgenlandes.

qw RA oYA , GAS BoM oYA , GAL o MB B o@l pA


 Mo wnB jkT MjA hnBU nBYC B o@l pA ` /SwA k{ nAjji
/SwA k{ oo q k{BM oYA A nj k{ jB
TwA BB pA nBvM miB

jnA ,Mo ,wnB


AlA RBLA LA RBA BMA oA JBT /keA M nBL ,oYA MA
1971 ,jAkM /AoBw AoMA ozAo /RAmA
,oB /keAkL
~ ozAo /JBvA KmU  JBLA
/1971
/ ,B ,BQ ozAo /nkA B nqA AkM ,keA Mkd ,tBA MA
:LBTwA ,{ /C wU tnB /1935 1932 :LBTwA /5 3 Z /
~
(NBa op kk] tnB yAo) 1945
/oB
A o~ gnBTA  oAqA \A /joM oU M w ,joMqU MA
/1936 1909 :oM /7 5 /Z /oQBQ / ozAo
/19421930 :oM /Z /4 ,oQBQ / ozAo ,nkA VjAe
/kdAkL kAd kd ozAo /KUBA JjA /v M AkL ,LT MA
(tBA BwA A JBM |~hM) 1963 :oB /4 yAo
B jBzQ BwA pA Swo) ?1985 ,j /B wA nBTh kAo
 keA
(jnA BMp M j

 dU) /1957 ;oB /nBY A BYA gnBTA wA JB


A / ve ,B{BM
zA cL |~hM w o nBYC pA jB
TwABM JB A BwA nBMnj k

/(kz oYA
,uwB / /yAo /gnATA KhT /B{  M njB AkL /AkM
/18691864 ,T / keA kAoL@
/1938 :BQ ,UQ jAj // ozAo /~ gnBU /~ kd ,oM
nBMnj dU) /1360 ,pAA /oB AoA BB nj ysQ :B/oAkL ,BM
/(Th wA 1283 BM p 12714 wA Th wA 1675 BM jo 25752 wA
Bosworth.C.E kd M AkL ,BY

nBMnj) 1969 , /MoA JjA  nBTvA ATA BwA vd , kAB]


(nBTv BwA
o~  oLA odLA BA j
JB
A A /o BM kd ,ve
(B Bw n oM k{ e JB A) /1975 ,BzA
/ 1310 ,j /JBTA /o ]Ai ,jnj
/1348 AoU /oz kd ozAo /gnATA Twn /{B kd ,BdA Twn
nBMnj k
dU) /1964 ,jAkM /// AwA nj MoA A /AoMA ,AoBw
(wA BwA BL] BU
/ 1402 1382 ,jBMCnke /131 /Z /JBvA JBT /kd M oAkL /Bw
/19201913 ,oB /Z/14 /BzAB  zA cL / MkeA ,kz
(5 k] |~hM)
,zj ,2 yAo /Z / 5 /wA JoA B  BvA A /Bno ,Bd@
/13791377
(oU o~ nj BwA nBMnj) / 1294 ,oB /XAnkA /kd ,M L

/1360 ,AoU /wA AoA BB :B o / ve ,yhMn


/1312 oB /nB @lA JBT /o{ M d ,

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1985

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217-22
Se llh e im, R u dolf, Materialien zur arabischen Literaturgeschichte, 1,
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, Familiennamen im Islamischen Mittelalter, Oriental and


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Sh ar if, Ja far , Islam in India, tra nsl. by G .A. H e rklo ts, e d. William
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Spe nce r, R obe rt F. The Social Conte xt of Mode rn Turkish Name s,

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Taze bayog
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Yavrunuziin, for your baby, list of Turkish names recommendedby the
Turkish government
Z a mba u r, E du a r d de , Manuel de gnalogie et de chronologie pour

1'histoirede 1'Islam, Hanover 1927

]oT jBTwA jn MB kq@

/1967 ,AnBC BzAj :AnBC /oU wnB o /kz] ,Bzinj ;AoMA ,A
/wA@g{ kd ovU bo{ ]oU BM /joM nBL k~ /kAo{ ,oM
/1361 ,xow :AoU
/1361 ,BPzAj :AoU /@///wnB B\BMnlC o /kd ,Q
/1338 ,nBi :AoU /Bn kd S M /AozA@omU /@///BzThM M BzTj ,BzTj
/1359 1325 ,Akhj B@S vw ,AoU BzAj :AoU /BS /oL @A ,Akhj
/135 ,Bw@MA :AoU /@///AkT RB B{ Mo wnB kk] o /kd ,L]n
/1345 ,oL oA :AoU /nBAn kd y{M /CoA@tnB k\ Co /Mo /Co

/1357 ,AkB] :AoU /kBQ wB AMA ]oU /k\ Co /Mo wnB /Co

,L] BMBT Bw S o{ ;Ao :AoU /wnB nBAoAj ,vd ,KeB~


/1375 1345
/1374 ,(BBwA) B
Bi :
/A  k\A /u ,

B
oBz BwA kTv BoM wnB BTwo AjoM BoM pA  nj
/SwA k{ jBTwA q BhMBT nj j]

BB B

11 ,JBTC
98 ,kA@JBTC
119 ,j JBTC

42 ,31 ,BiBC
112 ,Aj C
10 ,Bj C
127 ,Lp @C . Lp C
112 , C
81 , C
127 ,pA @C
127 ,RM @C
128 ,xB C . xB @C
127 ,p @C
61 ,21 ,k eA C
129 ,nA TC
129 ,xBM TC
129 ,xAj TC
61 ,nke C
21 ,j w C
21 ,bBL C

C
125 ,nUBUC
33 ,yUC
129 ,RnaC
38 ,qwjC
51 ,jC
1 ,Roe ,jC
28 ,pjC
42 ,jC
53 ,kd jC
37 ,pnC
128 ,] ,wnC
37 ,BnC
45 ,AoM jApC
74 ,11 ,BwC
71 ,wC
98 ,kApBC
128 ,22 ,M qC
22 ,oM qC
75 ,SC

wA BB

21 ,p\A MA
20 ,AkAMA
20 , oA
MA
20 ,Bnq A MA
19 ,RB q A MA
19 ,T BvA MA
20 , S
vAMA

19 ,ZA ovA
MA
20 , S
vA
MA
19 ,nBA
MA
20 ,  A MA
20 ,Eo A MA
20 , q A SM MA
20 ,MMM A
122 ,114 ,19 ,83 ,joM qU MA
35 , ] MA
24 , L e Le MA
122 , Bj MA
20 , d A l MA
19 ,k {n MA
96 , {n MA
19 ,op MA
19 ,Bw MA
20 ,AkL MA
122 ,BMT MA
20 ,o MA
97 , MA
51 , M A
17 ,16 , dwAM ; d w A MA
16 ,wAMA
17 ,RBoLAMA
16 , kBi BLAM A
38 ,y BL A MA
16 ,B\dAMA

174

61 ,L C
21 , {B
C
37 ,C
44 ,BoC
72 ,C
112 ,BC
33 ,BwBBC
25 ,AnBC
19 ,nBqC
19 ,ZAovC
126 ,11 ,C
74 ,oQ C
68 ,SC
74 ,UC
122 ,ojC
12 ,kj C
37 ,12 ,xjC
74 ,w C
74 ,{C
36 ,RC
74 ,C
102 ,&A@C

A

112 , BMA
108 ,51 ,31 ,16 ,AoMA
26 ,Roe ,AoMA
26 ,|oM A
18 ,51 , y M A
19 ,
M A MA
20 , B SiA MA
19 , z A iA MA
93 ,oU iA MA
88 ,AnmLA MA
25 , v LA
MA

175

BB B

29 ,KB MA
16 ,AkLMA
18 ,ov MA
18 , k~ MA
18 ,B MA
16 , v dAM
A

17 ,14 ,vMA
14 ,AoL] vMA
117 ,RAoMA
14 , K MA
16 ,15 , MA

15 ,k d M A
4 ,kM ;kMA
17 ,o~MA
18 ,17 , o o MA
15 ,
d MA
17 ,kqM ;kqMA
117 ,Jo MA
112 ,MBUA
85 ,] o UA
112 ,\UA
116 ,oYA
24 ,oz Y A
99 ,kABzTeA
123 ,BveA
103 , d
A BveA
36 , e Bve
A

36 , M n Bv e A
71 ,eA
108 ,54 ,keA
63 , kL A keA
56 ,yhMkeA
21 , M
k e A
21 , k e A

17 ,16 ,  v d M ;v d AMA


16 , v dAMA

14 , o
hAMA
18 , A kAMA
14 , o zAMA
18 ,LBT AMA
16 ,qqAkL qq AMA
82 ,B AMA
17 , b
T  AMA
17 , Z o AMA
17 ,wBAMA
97 ,17 ,wBd
AMA
27 ,z A MA
16 , n kM \ AMA
17 , o ~ AMA
17 ,  AM
A
26 ,24 ,15 ,4 ,oMMA
58 ,17 ,JAoUMA
15 ,o ]MA

18 ,14 , ]M
A
18 ,  ~ e MA
16 , } e MA
24 ,B  e MA
18 ,K z iMA
17 ,nlBM ;nlMA
18 ,tEnM ;tEnMA
18 , ] n M ;] nM
A
104 , ] n MA
18 ,L n M ; L n MA
15 ,nAkAU nMA
15 ,BdnMA
104 , wMA

104 ,B{MA
16 , o L M
A

wA BB

176

18 ,9 ,Bw A
25 ,LBTwA
47 , o L T w A
31 , dwA
58 ,29 ,9 , kw A
103 , eoA
kw A
12 ,58 ,A kw A
100 ,BA nAowA
46 , o
w A
9 , k w A
122 ,nBkwA
90 ,nBvwA
122 ,nkwA
72 ,wA
99 ,kAwA
72 ,BiwA
75 ,UBi A .wA
70 ,BwA
9 , o w A
59 , wA
31 ,wA
75 ,pB wA
121 ,k wA
6 , , w A
83 , j w A
29 ,j w A
24 ,Ao{A Ao{A
70 ,o{A
68 ,RAjBvAo{A
76 ,B] o{A
111 ,o{A
82 ,W { A
25 ,BA
14 ,ZoAMA ,BA

118 ,keA
56 ,nBkeA
82 , e A
74 ,11 ,oTiA
68 ,RAjBvAoTiA
19 , A A o \A
iA
33 ,ReA . RiA
51 ,unjA
33 ,BjA
87 ,nBdA
lA
11 ,BU n A
60 ,  v e BUnA
76 ,12 ,UnA
127 ,AjnA
75 ,jnA
105 ,jnA
126 ,pnA
126 ,58 ,9 ,wnA
37 ,xjwnA
127 ,Rn wnA
101 ,k{nA
126 ,o nA
127 ,nA
77 ,nA
12 ,BnA
123 ,BnA
83 , n p A
73 ,pA
77 ,pA
46 ,Sp A
25 ,opA
71 ,nBpA
83 , o p A
107 , o p A

177

BB B

63 ,30 ,B{oL@A
77 ,oL@A
3 , dA
Ao@A
35 ,Ao@A
68 ,RAjBvA@ o@A
90 ,`@A
82 ,  @
A
105 ,o@A
66 ,o A
121 ,jnA
126 ,OA
126 ,TPA
83 ,@BnBQTA
112 , A
102 , A
34 ,yhM&A
34 ,joM&
A
35 ,oM&A
69 , u M &A
34 ,jAj A
35 ,Bj&A
35 ,Bin@&A
50 ,A
35 ,An &A
121 ,34 ,jn@ &A
104 ,nB&A
116 ,A
75 ,tBA
98 ,kA@tBA
46 ,bo z A
93 ,o A
33 ,A
33 ,uA
77 ,A

33 ,A
82 , A
82 ,xo A
103 , dApB\A

9 , Z o A
82 , Z o A
82 ,Zo A
89 ,kwA M z
A
82 , z
A
82 ,y A
82 ,
A
46 ,l A
1 ,n A
82 ,n A
123 ,BiqA
12 ,nA
126 ,BinA
94 ,BdAnBhTA
109 ,kAnBhTA
68 ,RAjBvA nBhTA
122 ,JBwAoA
76 ,BvA
105 ,27 ,nBzA
94 ,AozA  A
34 ,11 , A
91 ,kA
109 , A
11 ,BLA
98 ,kABLA
79 ,BvABLA
93 ,34 ,kd ,BLA
68 ,RAjBvA@tkA
56 ,L A nAoA
42 ,B@A

wA BB

178

1 , A
89 , ~A
A
19 , A MA M A
75 ,AnC \A
77 ,\A
46 ,ABz A
66 ,nB~A
36 , d A BA
93 ,BA
103 ,oAnAA
115 ,77 ,nA
5 ,u{ ,ve nA
15 ,27 ,A A
127 ,A ^A
101 ,BqA@keA
37 ,qnA
124 ,nw nA
40 ,^nA
121 ,joMpA
127 ,qUpA
127 ,nUpA
127 ,jpA
127 ,npA
127 ,RwpA
127 ,BpA
82 ,ve pA
10 ,tA
w
81 ,@ 
A
83 ,@aA . {A
59 , BA
36 ,nA
37 ,xA
61 , jA
74 ,oA

68 ,RAjBvA@A
34 ,yhMA
51 ,tBA
18 , M n A M n A A
72 ,wA A
72 ,LA A
110 ,o hAA
92 , o dA
BA
61 , BA
102 , A@B A
72 ,@Be A
30 ,k BiS
M kBi A
59 ,jAk A
112 , q A
72 , w
A

15 ,AkL A
72 , A
72 ,  A
72 ,k A
72 ,33 ,X A
128 ,55 , A
72 , B\A A
72 ,dA A
72 ,50 ,oA A
12 ,kA
58 ,A .wAoA
93 ,AozAoA
58 ,AoA
58 , d A oA
78 ,BvAoA
58 ,oA
60 ,oA
128 ,55 ,A
26 , A

179

BB B

61 ,()oBM
64 ,BM BM
10 ,BLBM
46 ,kBM
78 ,BM
41 ,AoBM
84 ,B L M
105 ,SM
72 ,62 ,TM
39 ,B`M
11 ,odM
94 ,Aod M
117 ,o d M
70 ,od M
24 ,nBhL A
34 ,(kvQ) yhM
59 ,yhM
31 ,3 ,AkM
11 , n kM
74 ,nkLA n kM

32 , ]
kA nkM
19 ,95 ,32 ,kA n kM
99 ,kd kAnkM
68 ,RAjBvAnkM
101 ,BAnkM
109 , kM
101 ,BA kM
103 ,eoA
m M
41 ,RAoM
10 ,V o M
111 , oM
110 ,@o M
105 ,toM
120 ,o M

128 ,o{BUA
38 ,qA
64 ,Pa BA
127 ,A A
6 ,oA ,nkA
127 ,oA
127 ,w A
127 ,nA
121 ,joM uA
21 , k e A SA
44 ,kA
122 ,ZoA
58 , v A
21 ,AoBA
12 ,yUUA
ok < nkA
qk < qkA
73 ,n A
128 ,114 ,111 ,BA
128 ,BA
75 ,\A
111 ,A
51 ,16 ,J A
71 ,MA

9 ,oM BM
12 ,ve MBM
4 ,nBjoMnBM
27 ,tnBM
10 ,pBM
85 ,K { A pBLA
90 ,BnpBM
37 ,B{BM
4 ,B{BLA

wA BB

60 , kM
64 ,pA kM
114 ,M
105 ,yM
113 , k{oA
M
21 , A M
73 ,nM

21 ,qqM
113 , d M
113 , M
77 , M
61 ,21 , B M
dvAMA < dvAM
oMMA < oMM
80 ,TwAnMM
85 , q L iM
18 ,nBjM
40 ,10 ,nM
83 ,pw nM
73 ,BTwM
52 ,kw M kd kAo{ ,oM
25 , @LA
129 ,npBM
32 ,SM
kMA < kM
kqMA < kqM
83 ,Sd o@AM
83 ,pBM M
96 ,kABM
73 ,nBM
73 ,BMnBM
105 ,nBM
99 ,kABM
9 ,oTM

180

127 ,10 ,RnqM


99 ,kABvM

10 ,tBL v M
92 ,{BM ]BTvM
46 ,A v M
25 , v L A
10 , v
v M
39 ,M yM
55 ,oz M
55 ,keAozM
85 , ~ M
82 ,o~ M
116 , M
85 ,10 ,g M
9 ,B M
65 ,M jAkM
23 , j AkL A
57 , o M
11 , Z o M
41 ,k oM
24 , o M
39 , w A M
39 , M
57 ,M
82 ,oU ,tLM
74 ,LM
vdAMA < vdM
71 ,uM
114 , M
9 ,B LA
75 ,pBM
70 ,BM
123 ,nU M . oU M
20 ,AkL SM

181

BB B

59 ,\Q
98 ,kAoQ
27 ,q oQ
23 ,qBQQ
23 ,(kvQ) AoUQ
122 ,SikAnQ
22 ,BM nQ
32 ,jnQ
90 ,pj TwQ
25 ,ABQ
59 ,nBQ
4 ,31 ,28 ,26 ,16 ,14 ,11 ,(|)@oLBQ
64 ,oQ
65 ,jAjoQ
64 ,oTwj oQ
65 ,joQ
64 ,22 ,jApoQ
65 ,noQ
42 ,Lz oQ
56 , oLQ
84 ,UQ
76 ,BQ

M BU
89 ,27 , A o { 
97 ,78 ,kA@ZBU
100 ,ozA@ZBU
93 ,AozA@ZBU
64 ,nBA@ZBU
64 ,{BA@ZBU
78 ,Sij@ZBU
78 ,k]BU
10 ,nBU
127 ,xBU
128 ,@BTBU

11 , \ M
96 ,j M
36 ,poM
36 ,BM
5 ,oAkL ,BM
128 ,UBM
41 ,kAM
20 , \ AMM
80 , B MM
102 ,&A@SM
116 ,jhM
116 ,kM
76 ,woM
9 ,nB L A
116 ,uM
37 ,{BLM
129 ,SzaoMM
76 ,oM
125 ,A M

127 ,Rw @BQ


23 ,BTQ
108 ,TQ
77 ,BUoQ
116 ,76 ,AoQ
74 ,oQ
75 ,oQ
80 ,yhM@oQ
75 ,B]oQ
79 ,Bi BhoQ .Be BdoQ
75 ,BioQ
75 ,jApoQ
75 ,BwoQ
42 ,UQ

wA BB

182

71 ,keU
7 ,11 , j j U
77 ,RAnU
44 ,UBi AnU
78 ,22 ,SikAnU
44 ,npnU
10 ,RnU
10 ,Bj . BU
71 ,11 ,3 , U
71 ,U
126 ,U
126 ,BU
44 ,Bj . BU
44 ,uU
78 , jB
U
44 ,MMAoU
122 ,VnU
122 ,U
33 ,TU
83 ,nU
126 ,U

74 , L  BY
123 ,Row .RoY
74 ,11 ,BoY
9 ,LBXA
10 , K Y
23 ,  X A
42 , \ Y ,[BY ,ZY ,[Y , [ Y
4 , Y
84 ,9 ,nY

35 ,AMB]
26 ,A BQB]

25 ,qoLU
70 , v L U
24 , T TA
60 ,ve \ U
75 ,nmU
76 ,AoU
123 ,w oU
14 ,v M kd vMA ,moU
77 ,[oU
71 ,vU
71 ,vU
76 ,vU
60 ,ve k~ U
120 ,Rq U
100 ,kAU
35 ,joM oU
60 ,ve  U
97 ,70 ,kAU
22 ,jAp@U
70 , U
126 ,U
84 ,U
77 , o U
84 ,bBvU
120 ,Rn~ U
38 ,R U
123 ,aU
127 ,oU
99 ,kAqU
103 ,eoA
qU
126 ,111 ,qU
105 ,BAU
10 ,BUU
71 ,keU

183

BB B

22 ,jAp@B]
109 ,kz]
120 ,42 ,]
84 , \A

72 ,]
70 , ]
107 , ]
79 ,Bw ]
76 ,S ]
78 ,BvAS ]
65 , k ]
79 ,BvAk ]
71 ,oA]
93 ,n oA]
86 ,RB Z]
21 ,p\A
38 ,B]
38 ,A]
110 ,o]
19 ,o]
68 ,jB]
76 ,B]
75 ,AnC B]
63 ,oB]
118 , ]
38 ,C]
38 ,C]
65 ,]
65 ,M ]
110 ,]
38 ,k]
38 , ]
38 ,]
38 ,]

26 ,@ e B\A
102 ,&AnB]
wB < wB]
94 ,BqA tB]
84 ,tB\A
119 ,BB] B]

71 ,38 ,kB]
71 ,kB]
35 ,joM nBL ]
14 ,zThM M AoL]
51 ,oL] .AoL]
11 , L ]
23 ,aL]
23 ,w L]
93 , Mm ]
9 ,bA o \
A
29 ,k o ]
56 , kA @v ]
112 ,oz\A
118 ,Bz ]
61 ,z{ BA ,()@kd M o]
107 ,Ao ]
111 , BiBa .  ]
65 ,]
65 ,kA]
65 ,]
65 , ]
29 , k ]
120 ,Br .B]
33 ,B]
71 ,RB]
100 ,97 ,kA@B]
97 ,x A kA@
B]

99 ,w kA@B]

wA BB

68 , p o e
33 , o e
102 ,&AJqe
108 , u e
95 ,31 ,kA @Bv e
97 ,] kABve
108 ,Bv e
118 ,B v e
32 ,v e
12 ,vdA
64 ,AkMA ve
68 ,RB v e
82 , A  v e
61 ,()ovA ve
65 , o ~ M ve
60 ,j BA ,()@ M ve
61 ,jpB BA ,()@ M ve
21 ,k dA
v e M M v e
119 , v e
25 , v d A
60 , v e
61 ,Swj  v e
61 ,pA  v e
108 , ve

108 , v e
32 , v e
66 ,nk yhM ve
6 ,4 ,30 ,w BA ,()@ M ve
21 ,ZdA
n~ M ve
63 ,q ve
60 , ve
21 ,n~ ve

67 ,25 , v d A
119 ,B v e

184

74 ,B]

116 ,Aoa
98 ,kA@Aoa
84 , za
105 ,BTa
126 ,BT] . BTa
73 ,ka
K  < K a
91 ,La
105 ,Ba
123 ,qa
90 ,aBMna
38 ,La
39 ,Aoa

41 ,ZBe
41 ,]Be
41 ,k ]Be
107 ,VnBe

8 ,VnBdA

8 ,Y nBe

115 ,48 ,  Be
109 ,Be
90 ,aBe
108 ,kBe
104 ,&AKL e
55 ,kd LLe
118 ,BX e
43 ,BipB\e
9 ,jA kdA
69 , ke
72 ,\T . \ke
113 ,51 ,39 ,28 ,1 ,J o e

185

BB B

54 ,Ak e
54 ,j k
e
54 ,ke
72 ,Aoe
27 ,10 , e
23 , d
A
77 ,ne
76 ,Be
117 ,JARBe
80 ,yhM@RBe
58 ,29 ,9 , n ke
59 ,Swjnke
86 ,}M }e
118 ,e

69 ,UBi
17 ,9 ,3 ,kBi
35 ,joM Bi
31 ,eoAkL BBi Bi
88 ,kBi
68 , T i
35 ,joMAki
50 ,kMAki
34 ,jAjAki
104 ,SwjAki
104 ,nBAki
120 ,43 ,\ki
81 ,oLA\ki
42 ,o i
122 ,ovi
85 ,\Bzi
51 , o  i
121 , o  i
105 ,i

25 ,~ d
A
87 , dA

11 , } e
117 ,~e
17 ,72 ,16 , ~ e
102 , A@e
72 ,e
35 ,jn e
123 ,e .  e
27 ,Ze
9 ,ZdA

22 ,jApaAe
54 ,jB e
54 ,jB e
54 ,jB e
84 ,nBe
102 ,&A ke
54 ,Ak e
54 ,jk e
117 ,54 , k
e
117 ,ke
54 , k e
54 ,kk e
54 ,uke
54 ,k e
57 ,11 ,qe
21 , k e A @ wk
@ q e
18 ,54 ,j e
108 ,54 ,j e
101 ,54 ,ke
54 , k e
103 ,kAke
102 ,&Ake
54 ,Ak e

wA BB

186

32 ,k A o i
118 ,Ao i
i
87 , BLA 
23 ,(kvQ) i

34 ,(kvQ) jAj
59 ,35 ,jAj
105 ,nAj
122 ,AnAj
88 ,{ AnAj
11 ,Aj
126 ,BU .Aj
35 ,BjAj
51 ,31 ,14 ,jAj
23 ,jAj
23 ,tBTQ jAj
44 ,]j
118 ,Be j
69 ,uMoTij
120 ,Aki jj
123 ,jn jj .Ro jj
105 ,A n j
71 ,Anj
116 ,jnj
121 , Tw n j
75 ,nA{ nj
11 ,Bnj
44 ,BiBnj
65 ,MoTwj
63 ,wj
88 ,j .j
86 ,kA j
75 ,jBzj
37 ,j

105 ,\i
117 ,k i
29 , i
101 , i
103 ,BdL vA
i

51 ,i
101 ,51 ,26 ,Ai
121 , n B i
42 , v i
42 ,u i
42 ,Bivi
42 , v
i
82 ,Bv hA
117 ,nBz i
95 ,pnAi
11 ,k{ni
100 ,wA k{ni
76 ,B] k{ni
119 ,j k{ni

36 ,Bd{i
105 ,i Bi Bd{i
86 ,xi xi
36 ,k{i
110 ,kxi
115 ,xi
9 ,@B hA
9 ,B hA
81 ,o hA
59 , RAo i
39 ,UAoi
56 , o zL A o
i
101 ,B q Ao i
43 ,Aoi
72 ,BvAoi

187

BB B

104 , T wBoAl

104 , BzAl
59 ,nBAl
104 ,oAl
57 ,n Al
104 , Al
104 , Un ApAl
104 , Al

47 , SBl
98 ,kA Kl
118 ,BLl

102 , A@ e An
120 ,BiAn
64 ,A pAn
23 ,pAn
87 , M BA tAn
62 ,An
42 , M n
72 ,69 ,43 ,M n
42 ,M n
103 ,oA@B] n
40 ,K ] n
41 ,kA K ] n
60 ,K]n
87 ,tB A ] n
43 ,yhM@Ben
34 ,jAj@Ben
114 ,en
103 ,kAen
102 ,&A en
121 , en
121 ,50 ,en
25 ,B e n

83 ,j
73 ,Sj
43 ,Bi zj
127 ,oj
129 ,Aoj
128 ,aoj
127 ,Ajoj
71 ,oBj
128 ,xBTj
77 ,44 ,Bj
11 ,qj
38 ,Anj
38 ,12 ,wnj
38 ,xnj
117 ,pj
56 ,kd Swj
126 ,Bj
129 ,oj
75 ,jB{Sj
129 ,pkj
69 ,j
84 ,ovioA ,j
26 ,A j
42 ,kBj
88 , ]BLj

85 ,\A
j
99 ,Swjj
99 ,nBj
83 ,Aj
35 ,jAjj

10 , K l
10 , n l
104 , oAl

wA BB

188

112 ,tn
89 ,oTiA{n
75 ,L]{n
76 ,B] n
76 ,B n

71 ,Bn
100 ,71 ,wABn
73 ,Bdn
114 ,kn

68 ,Ap
27 ,k AqA
39 ,BM p
78 ,BvAkM p
85 ,KMqA
79 ,M kMp
24 ,kM q A
84 ,Anp
78 ,T wnp

93 , np
84 , 
p
85 , v A p
51 ,31 ,Bop
9 ,@ p
62 ,p
84 , p
71 ,Bh p
14 ,o M jd wBAMA ,ozhp
77 , q p
105 ,kp
117 ,p
72 ,62 ,Aop
74 ,op
20 , M A Mj Bp

117 ,en
102 ,&A e n
34 ,jAjen
35 ,Bj en
24 ,e n
122 ,BBvin
109 ,Bzin
118 ,B j n
102 ,&A pn
122 ,59 ,Twn
59 , Twn
80 ,jBkd ,Awn
56 ,w n
56 ,yhM wn
100 ,kAk{n
52 ,A  n
52 ,An
67 ,  n
63 ,Bn
47 ,o n
11 , n
101 ,n
101 ,&An
43 , n
100 ,wA n
72 , n
129 ,4 ,3 ,Bn
22 ,A Bn
40 , Bn
41 ,k Bn
109 ,Mn
102 ,&Abn
36 ,Mpn
40 ,pn

189

BB B

76 , n kw
69 ,B kw
120 ,kw
23 ,pkw
76 ,32 ,JAow
55 ,wA@ZA ow
55 , dA@ZAow
119 ,116 ,98 ,55 ,kAZAow
103 ,
A ZAow
55 ,o ZAow
87 ,o L A Aow
118 ,10 ,Beow
9 ,UB vA

71 ,jB w
100 ,wA jBw
97 ,kAkw
102 , A k w
115 ,34 ,kw
9 ,j w
120 ,101 ,9 ,k w
86 ,A@@o vA

120 ,w
71 , w
102 ,&Aw
11 ,Sw . w
32 ,Bi S w
126 , \w
78 ,BvAB w
113 ,11 , w
71 ,
w
58 ,B w
15 ,
w MA SM
w
Bw < w
108 , w

41 ,RnBp
78 ,BvAKp
23 ,(kvQ) p
118 ,Ak p
111 ,99 ,97 ,kA@p
61 ,30 ,kMB
A p
72 ,Kp
81 ,o~AKp
78 ,BvASp

73 ,Ar
84 ,Qkr

105 ,Dw
111 ,kA MBw
39 ,k RBw
63 ,UBw
63 ,62 ,yUBw
103 ,eoAk]Bw

121 ,@BvnBw
129 ,Bw
42 ,S L w , S
L w
35 ,joM BdLw
61 ,21 ,ve Lw
61 ,nke 
L w
L w
21 ,w n 
95 ,TLw
78 , A S
w
74 ,nkL A S
w
78 ,S L A S
w
63 ,Kp S
w
63 ,v S
w
78 , T w
84 , d w

wA BB

190

22 ,A xBw
22 , xBw
116 ,Lw
121 ,Lw
78 ,Bv Ak w
68 , k {An B{  v e kw
68 ,nBhM B{ n BA l kw
62 ,BvAkw
44 ,Bi BTvw
53 ,wAw
99 ,kA w
103 ,eoA
 w
102 ,&Aw
95 ,94 ,A w
35 ,j w

88 ,oA JBzA
63 ,25 , l Bz A
24 ,L BzA
120 ,B{
70 ,o@B{
105 ,B{
13 , dA@F{
24 ,jBMC@B]@Bz A
77 ,jAqB{
58 ,Ajo B{
59 ,jnB{
75 ,10 ,B{
109 ,B L {
9 , L {
24 ,L{
42 ,BT{
100 ,kAB\{
32 ,Bi S B\ {

101 ,63 ,w
51 ,31 ,4 ,Bw
89 ,{ Bw
70 ,w
68 ,n Bw
58 ,Bw
98 ,kABw
7 ,9 , o
w
4 ,A o w
24 ,oAkL kwMA ,Bw
128 ,xB nw . xB nw
123 ,Bw
31 ,kA@B w
122 ,o\w
47 ,tkw
24 , k v A
122 ,10 ,ow
84 ,jnMA Ajw
91 ,AoUA Ajw
129 ,oannw
105 ,ow
75 ,Bw
127 ,qw
22 ,(kvQ) w
29 ,k w
29 ,Ak w
75 ,w
86 ,w
75 ,w
75 ,_w
33 ,B w
63 ,jnow
11 ,w
122 ,xBw

191

BB B

74 ,C {
50 ,oz xn{
107 ,o {
113 ,JB{
109 ,97 ,kA@JB{
95 ,keA kA@JB{
85 ,10 ,pBL{
85 ,nk pBL{
40 ,&Ao {
120 ,g{
92 ,wA g{
63 ,Tza wg{
9 ,o{
119 ,kApAo{
32 ,jo{
9 ,jApo{
121 , o{

122 ,71 ,o{

70 ,oMB
16 ,jBL M KeB
129 ,40 , B
40 ,^nA B
129 ,Bw B
40 ,B
46 ,
] o L
118 ,B L
102 ,&A  L
34 ,jAjnL
28 ,1 , o h
100 ,kAnk
68 ,  k
26 , k~A
66 ,k

75 , n kA o\{
81 , o zA
47 , SAo{
94 ,BMjA o{
94 ,BdA o{
63 ,kAo{
5 ,vdAo{
1 ,n A M o{
83 ,SzA y{
88 ,  S~{
40 ,BL {
41 , A BL {
86 ,Ao{
86 ,Ao{
51 ,15 ,K{
98 ,kA {
19 ,{
102 ,&Ao {
75 ,pBo{
73 ,{
5 ,/A kAB ,K{
37 ,La .L {
97 ,kA u{
94 ,AozA u {
32 ,d 
A u {
64 ,nBA u{
94 ,BA u{
118 ,Bv {
11 , v { ;u{
46 , d
u {
A
74 ,v{
11 ,z{
74 ,z{
9 ,{

wA BB

192


102 ,&Ao

110 ,103 ,eoA



87 ,BzA 
100 ,wA n

118 ,wB
102 ,&A {B
22 ,jApB{BQ {B
59 , {B
56 ,kd {B
41 ,n{B
41 ,MAn{B
75 ,AnC B
32 ,oB
108 ,72 ,62 ,38 ,15 ,zB
73 , zB
57 ,tBL
77 ,wBL
63 , k L
48 ,oL@A kL
60 ,o A kL
48 , AkL
61 , A kL
48 , BLA kL
38 ,B L A kL
49 ,Bo LA kL
49 , BT A kL
50 ,nBL\AkL
48 , \A
kL
60 ,vdAkL
123 ,50 , dAkL
54 ,kd A kL
38 , dA
kL

81 , o

40 ,o
40 ,M .Mo
40 ,]i o
100 ,kA 
101 ,&A
100 ,kA 
10 ,o
109 ,kAb
68 ,
109 ,
102 ,&A
75 ,
87 ,KA 
66 ,
109 ,
66 ,
9 , o

~A
42 ,

9 ,Bo 
82 ,oo
103 , dAB

102 ,&AB
102 , A 

57 , nB
57 ,jBp M nB
A
6 ,  v e B
61 ,43 ,KB
62 ,oB
24 ,{ o A
122 ,10 ,o
76 ,M

193

BB B

48 ,n ~ A kL
117 , AkL
117 ,AkL
61 ,50 ,k A kL
56 ,50 ,L A kL
47 , A kL
47 , A kL
31 ,jBA kL
50 ,B oA
J n kL
49 ,L A Jn kL
49 , M n kL
60 , kL
55 ,49 , kL
121 ,108 ,49 ,A k L
64 ,nAoe A A k L
61 ,ve R o T
61 , R o T
101 ,&A T
57 ,BX
25 , \ A
87 , Ap\

118 ,n k
76 ,SAk . S k
118 ,B k
69 ,SwI
k
88 , Akk
118 ,BM m
71 ,Anm
44 ,UBi Ao
41 ,Bw o ,to
53 ,kd kw kAB] ,o
87 ,R A o

46 , 
Y A @ o A
8 , o

38 , AkA kL
49 , kA kL
120 ,102 ,47 ,25 ,24 ,eoAkL
25 , e oA
kL A
49 ,eoAkL
56 ,50 ,woA kL
61 ,50 ,B o A kL
48 ,K oA
kL
62 ,Aoq AkL
61 ,RAjBvA kL
49 ,Bd L v A kL
108 ,102 ,vAkL
61 , j B~A
kL
50 ,B ~AkL

117 ,nL ~AkL

49 ,K ~A
kL
31 ,k ~ A kL
49 ,48 ,oBA kL
108 ,qq AkL
108 ,31 , A kL
48 ,nB A kL
120 ,nAkL
108 ,bB T  A kL
49 , c T  A kL
108 ,nj BA kL
65 ,35 , njBAkL
31 ,A kL
48 ,BA kL
31 ,k L A kL
48 , A kL
12 ,50 ,47 ,A kL
48 ,jB\AkL
48 ,j d A kL
49 ,c v A kL

wA BB

194

109 , ]
58 ,nke
61 ,()@Bn
58 ,o{
60 ,
59 ,
120 ,kd
120 ,kh
62 ,jk
108 ,x
59 ,nB
57 ,33 ,26 ,16 ,14 ,o
21 ,o A
98 ,kAo
71 ,Ao
29 , ~ @o
32 ,o
32 ,o
71 ,jB
36 , e o A S
B
36 , e o A S B
32 ,Bi S B
103 ,36 ,BoL  S
B
93 , oL
116 ,Kk
40 ,
62 ,y
41 , j B
41 , j B A
41 ,jB
40 ,B
41 ,k A
89 ,KA k
41 ,kd k

62 ,T LA q
95 ,kA kAq
108 ,Z q
108 ,pq
12 ,89 ,q
103 ,k ~ A q q
37 ,ov
118 ,Aov
57 ,oz L A o z
11 , ~
95 ,kAk
101 ,34 ,8 ,AB
35 ,veB
35 ,kdB
34 ,A 
108 , 
109 ,B
10 ,JB
63 , L

118 ,
10 , 
98 ,kA 
63 ,{B
10 , o
92 ,e
118 ,B
108 ,x
117 ,
67 ,25 ,
122 ,29 ,16 ,
61 ,()oA
125 ,nkA
,43 ,29 ,25 ,2 ,17 ,16 ,()KB MAM
61

195

BB B

65 ,M V 
66 ,kAko 
65 ,njB 
61 ,B 
103 ,BoL

65 ,MBvA kAd 
31 ,  Uo 
66 ,k{o 
31 , ~ 
61 ,~
66 ,kA  
50 ,L 
63 ,Ak 
56 ,wB 
118 ,Ak 
65 ,A V
65 ,35 ,3 ,yhMV
65 ,Bj V
65 , Y 
87 ,A
96 ,kAVB

nB
85 ,K mA
57 , nB
26 , nBA
66 ,nB
109 ,108 , B
72 ,61 ,31 ,25 ,(t)@ B
73 ,@ B
67 ,25 , B
116 ,eBT
102 ,&AcT
4 ,dT
59 ,cT

41 ,k
51 ,v
14 ,Roe ,v
94 ,cvA v
23 ,i v
108 ,{z
76 ,B dA

101 ,B q A 
101 ,59 ,A
108 ,{


88 ,Jm
BMo
101 ,BqA o 
64 ,pA Ko
94 , oA
74 ,Aq
120 ,Aq
43 ,Biq
94 , A v
58 ,9 , o  
48 ,nB
48 ,n
n < n
62 ,kdC
39 ,M
65 ,] 
65 ,oTwj 
56 ,wn 
61 ,Bn
60 , k w

60 ,o L {
56 ,M o 
66 ,pAKo 
65 ,V 

wA BB

196

36 ,keA  
36 , A p o A @
56 ,w oA
 
36 ,  A  
36 ,A  
36 ,B A @
61 ,BA 

36 , Mn  
36 ,  
76 , 
108 ,x 
108 , 
108 , 
93 ,66 ,o
98 ,kAo
42 ,b
85 , 
74 ,
92 ,A  A
64 , B
77 ,B\
109 ,U
9 , k 
84 , k  A
110 ,po
60 ,v d A

36 , e o A 
108 ,  
109 ,
124 ,UoA k . k

88 ,\AUB
105 ,nB]B
50 ,njB

114 ,nBL cT


99 ,dT
dT < T
75 ,T
109 , T 
108 ,c T T 
24 ,kAoh
61 ,BA oh

24 ,o h
60 , v e Ak
116 , Ao
13 ,UnB BTvo ,Ao
117 ,e o 
36 ,jAqio
89 ,o w fo
89 ,oTiA kio
76 ,tjo
34 ,wjo
85 , j p o 
77 ,51 ,T{o
84 ,no
24 ,B o A
118 ,A o 
98 ,j po

114 ,ko
100 ,wA ko
96 ,kAko
66 ,BvAko
122 ,96 ,ko
114 ,76 ,ko
10 , o 
103 ,eoA@c~
59 , B
11 ,  

197

BB B

9 ,vA
11 ,11 ,26 ,kAJB{ ,kz  
66 ,nk
35 ,yhMnk
46 ,A 
59 ,_
118 ,Bd 
43 ,32 ,kA o 
59 ,k
88 ,JA~

112 , ~ 
112 , Bv i ~
28 ,m
24 ,o nA
9 ,onAA
76 ,JAR
60 ,^
108 ,nk 
118 ,B 
100 , kA
o~

12 ,pB
92 , p\A


@

126 ,BUnB@
17 ,wB@
67 ,B@
109 ,oB@
110 ,27 ,nB@
69 ,B@
23 ,iB@B@
96 ,j B@
36 ,AoB@
88 ,B@
129 ,BB@

118 ,nj B
25 ,nj BA
65 ,M njB
118 ,wB] .wB
25 ,o B
A
83 ,@BL
105 , B`L
9 ,L
31 ,Mo{MM L 
27 ,dL  A
102 ,&A@Rnk
50 ,Aki Rnk
108 ,n k
10 ,owAo
82 ,Ao
112 ,p@Ao
85 ,Ao
60 ,BMo 
41 ,jn BMo
23 , { o A
84 , o 
83 ,xBo
22 ,B o
76 ,  Ao 
66 ,z o 
21 ,Aq
112 ,B] q
85 ,ovAK~

112 ,o ~ 
85 ,B
10 ,B 
101 ,BAK 
66 ,M BvAK
84 ,@  A

wA BB

198

51 ,B@
51 ,B . @
72 ,62 ,q@
24 ,L  @A@
125 ,oQ@
124 ,22 ,jApoQ@
36 ,9 ,U@
32 ,U@
76 ,oY@
22 ,An@
129 ,AnBUn@
10 ,Rn . Rn@
37 ,tB n@
17 ,13 ,j koU B ,UnBp@
126 ,@
93 ,B@
84 ,nM@
87 ,vk @
75 ,o@
32 ,k@
83 ,q@
122 ,jBL@
64 ,AkMA pw @
77 ,44 ,B@

103 ,12 ,4 ,2 ,wBUj wnB@


74 ,`@
69 ,k@
40 ,o@
129 ,ojq@
120 ,nP . n . n@
116 ,@
73 ,kM@
73 ,oL@

49 ,17 ,4 ,2 , ,BTB@
77 ,Bi. Be RBB@
81 , oL
@
126 ,P@
89 , q o X @
118 , d @
120 ,B k @
85 , A Ao@
32 ,Bi S Ao @
96 ,nk ,poAo@
33 ,o@
59 , o@
105 ,kp Bi o@
48 ,nBL \ A kL o@
72 ,o@
119 , ]Bz
@
39 ,z@
77 ,yz@
44 ,nz@
33 ,bB@
69 ,B@
115 ,o@
60 ,y@
105 ,iB@
87 ,{ @
118 ,12 ,39 ,Ka .@ K @
61 , A K@
60 , K@
89 ,B{ X@
51 ,26 ,A@
99 ,kA B@
90 ,oB@
10 ,@
105 ,L@

199

BB B

36 ,R @
12 ,n@
12 ,@
75 ,o@
75 ,jB{o@
85 ,T@
77 ,T@
6 ,BA ,q@
74 ,@
85 ,njBAkL ,@

122 ,]
80 ,73 ,

71 , L

87 ,u TA d
42 , Mo

83 ,nAq
83 , n q
96 ,kA Bv
83 ,j v
32 , B
36 ,oL A 
36 ,&A
59 ,
32 ,
87 ,B z A
105 ,nB
114 ,[ ] 
80 ,
80 ,
55 ,
24 ,v k
120 ,v
105 ,j

73 ,L@
73 ,nBM @
73 ,oQ@
73 ,`@
73 ,fo@
73 ,Bn @

73 ,o@
73 ,o@
73 ,BTv@
73 ,ow @
73 ,z@
73 ,nAm@
73 ,q @
86 ,o{ [@
129 ,_@
127 ,o`@
121 ,kM@
127 ,qM ^@
129 ,nBQn@
75 ,]n@
129 ,njp@
83 ,jApM p@
126 ,oU @
68 ,M@
73 ,Aj . @
129 ,n ,@
75 ,ov@
11 ,y@
126 ,11 ,@
74 ,C@
39 ,AoB@
37 ,xj@
127 ,j @
125 ,w y@

wA BB

89 , L T A
111 ,110 ,BX
60 ,LT\
111 ,kAo\
56 ,L A K d
59 , K d
101 ,70 ,JLd
70 ,MLd
62 ,Y kd
68 ,JAod
40 , o d
61 ,32 ,31 ,9 ,  v d
9 ,d
53 , S
d
125 ,n @A Sd
120 ,108 ,52 ,39 ,30 ,kd
53 ,oTiA kd
61 ,jpAj BA ,([) ve M kd
61 , BA ,() M kd
23 ,A z kA k d
20 , 
Mk
dA
d
53 ,Ake kd
105 ,B] Bi kd
56 ,Swjkd
56 ,Awn kd
121 ,kd
65 ,V kd
56 , kd
118 ,k d
54 ,kd
54 ,kd
56 ,nBkd
54 ,jd
56 ,L A jd

200

114 ,w
126 ,B
110 ,75 ,
32 ,S
105 ,k
42 ,A ,BT
9 , W

87 ,BT z A
77 ,nBA
41 ,nkA
19 ,71 ,()

48 ,k ]B

38 ,BaB
5 ,/Q ,UnB
10 , pBA

113 ,46 ,AB{B


51 ,B
120 ,jBB
53 ,B
14 ,B
38 ,kB
74 ,11 ,B
74 ,nBQB
74 ,oQ B
74 ,Sij B
74 ,foB
74 , B
74 ,B
88 ,76 ,B vAB

22 ,jAp nBL
62 ,nBL
110 ,oL
110 ,oL

201

BB B

79 ,BvAjv
121 , v
94 ,fv A
51 ,cv
94 ,BqA cv
84 ,yz
71 ,cMB~
103 ,oA@bBL~
68 ,  d ~
43 ,M o~
125 ,B ~
109 ,  ~
42 ,o
9 ,o
8 ,1 , B
24 , q T qT
41 ,ZAo
41 ,kAZAo
61 ,~
62 ,~
9 ,
66 ,M BvA kA
64 ,
112 ,105 ,
8 , L { M o

22 ,jApT
98 ,kA@
86 ,  A
43 ,
43 ,M
120 ,k
70 ,e
77 ,
27 , A

63 ,Ak jd
54 ,jd
65 ,kA d
65 ,MBvA kAd
64 ,jApkh
115 ,h
29 , h
55 ,oY k
109 ,j . k
44 ,k
43 ,Bik
51 ,39 ,28 , o
114 ,ko jAo
74 ,Ao
120 ,109 ,60 ,3 ,Uo
120 ,Uo
111 ,110 ,B]o
110 ,BLeo
63 ,woA
62 ,o
20 ,dA M Ao
24 ,p o
76 , o
71 ,43 ,o
80 ,M o
55 , q
78 ,Bs
109 ,s
33 ,RABv
103 ,eoA@Tv
79 ,nTv
9 ,Tv A
37 ,Ro v
110 ,9 ,jv

wA BB

202

67 ,w
117 ,nBw
14 ,AoMA ,
92 ,unjA
92 ,B
50 ,B
41 ,R .j
41 , j
68 ,46 ,
92 ,
92 ,B
128 ,a
78 ,BL
74 ,JBT
98 ,kA JBT
32 ,JBT . NBT
16 ,wBL i ,k
61 , k
78 ,BMo
32 ,Bijo
74 ,B o

41 ,o
78 ,74 ,T v .@Tv .@T v
74 ,B
75 ,pB
23 ,i B
58 ,o
103 ,eoA@Aq
43 ,yhM Aq
51 ,B
53 ,
10 ,B

101 ,93 ,BqA njB

77 ,
93 ,AozA
52 ,()
71 ,
111 , i
121 , BTL
109 ,pBT
103 ,eoApBT
120 ,k
108 ,y
53 ,
37 ,
68 ,nB
59 ,S
86 , T A
113 , \
33 ,tnk
113 ,46 ,( v)
v

90 ,z
120 ,21 ,n~

98 ,kAn~
83 ,keA
35 ,joM
9 ,n
34 , A
114 ,70 ,55 ,o
55 ,kAo
70 ,55 ,o
122 ,s
76 , A
32 ,U
51 ,w
26 ,Roe ,w
61 ,()BA w

203

BB B

55 ,om
55 ,keAom
73 ,uo
79 ,Bi uo
9 ,o
70 ,q
103 , dA@
v
11 , o ~
97 ,&Ao~
45 , A  o~

11 , o ~
46 ,b ~
16 ,K ~
11 , o 
103 , dA@
B
64 ,BA kAB
24 ,B
121 ,
43 ,k 
72 ,v
87 ,q A JB
67 ,
61 ,
118 ,BL 
9 , o ;@ o
22 ,jAp JA
59 ,pA
51 ,b
103 ,BLAn
60 ,vd A n
99 ,70 ,kAn
102 ,59 ,An
56 ,L An
73 ,BvAn

93 ,o~AnjB
22 ,nQnjB
62 ,MjB
76 ,kjB
77 ,[nB
75 ,pB
75 ,pB
95 ,kA kAoB
97 ,kAoB
9 , B
36 ,nB
74 ,kB
98 ,kA JBB
73 ,RBL
70 ,SBL
56 ,35 ,yhML
105 ,^M Bi yhM L
70 ,SMB\
22 ,ARB\
22 ,jAp RB\
22 , RB\
110 ,bB\
27 ,nB\ A
43 ,\
11 ,\
46 , K  BXA \ A
47 ,oL kA\
103 , A \
74 ,\
101 ,&A\
69 ,TwAh
33 ,Ak
100 ,wA k
100 ,wA nm

wA BB

204

6 ,RnB ,yoB
11 ,34 ,A L
75 ,zP
103 , dA@
SAk
32 ,Bi S Ak
24 ,UAo
24 , o
87 ,jB oA
o
74 ,nAq
88 ,KwA nAq
118 ,u
77 ,Tv
86 ,Am
74 ,
49 , nUAoPA ,B
78 ,v
69 ,uM
37 ,Ak
51 ,j
119 ,113 ,wA ,on
122 ,{
33 ,B
10 ,X

12 ,Vo AjB
59 ,jB
59 , nBjB
53 ,kdnB
125 ,w ApB
22 ,A `pB
73 ,wB
24 , wB

55 ,wB
129 ,RB{B

56 ,32 ,k A n
118 ,An
35 ,yhMn
73 ,Un
76 ,B]n
73 ,Bi . B . Ben
59 ,n
76 , n
99 ,70 ,n
105 ,
3 ,15 ,kAo{ M d ,
25 ,
33 ,o
89 , o

w
73 ,o

87 ,y L A ]
11 ,jAj
9 , A n A
85 ,j n A

70 , w
128 ,nw 
115 ,A
114 ,BvAnB
32 ,Bi S
66 ,
66 ,A
58 ,u
58 , v
117 ,6 ,BTwA ,k

15 ,k{oAnB
113 ,23 , {B

23 , {B
A

205

BB B

37 ,n
37 ,12 ,y
76 ,B
123 ,11 ,nkA . ok
126 ,74 ,11 ,qkA . qk
37 ,pB
58 ,Bi
38 ,R
12 ,o
125 ,A o{
128 ,kCjn
128 ,NBUAjn
128 ,@Ajn
73 ,nAjn
51 ,31 ,w
89 ,B] w
105 ,23 ,p@w
89 ,B{ w

38 ,nB{B
111 ,11 ,nB
110 ,RB
59 ,nB
123 ,pB
38 ,(L ) BL
69 ,oT
51 ,37 ,31 ,14 ,d
29 , h
101 ,59 ,Ak
34 ,yhM Ajq
104 ,nBAjq
12 ,kq
110 ,nBv
83 ,nBv
46 , o
v
85 ,Jv

114 ,51 ,31 ,J

BBMp B ,BB B
34 ,vA ;uA
45 ,jBMC@nA
,34 ,27 ,25 ,22 ,21 ,17 ,12 ,AoA ;AoA
,61 ,53 ,50 ,49 ,44 ,41 ,40 ,38 ,35
124 ,105 ,99 ,78 ,77 ,75 ,74 ,67

28 ,17 ,10 ,Bz@jBM


24 ,AnBhM
21 ,BoMoM
72 ,o~M
27 ,23 ,jAkM
15 ,41 ,^M ;BTvaM
6 ,M
,56 ,53 ,44 ,40 ,39 ,32 ,3 ,BM ;BM
119 ,19 ,69 ,62
87 ,wnM
63 ,nBM

,32 ,25 ,23 ,21 ,13 ,5 ,BTv@BQ ;BTv@BQ


,100 ,98 ,76 ,75 ,71 ,60 ,57 ,35 ,34
117 ,105
46 ,23 ,BTQ
109 ,TzQ

C
71 ,47 ,o BwC
122 ,114 ,64 ,50 ,24 ,B BwC
55 ,53 ,42 ,41 ,35 ,21 ,17 ,6 ,4 ,BoC
117 ,113 ,87 ,83 ,B{ BoC
34 ,33 ,BC ;BC
48 ,BoC
129 ,62 ,AnBC

29 ,(@) u L M A
35 ,jnA
117 ,96 ,24 ,19 ,BBPwA ;BBPwA
63 ,40 ,LBTwA
5 ,jBMCwA
63 ,wA
62 ,57 ,42 ,33 ,31 ,6 ,BwA
19 ,(w) L{A
83 ,39 ,28 ,JAoA
104 ,73 ,39 ,23 ,BTvBA
124 ,114 ,oAq\A ;oAq\A
37 ,BX n AoPA
24 ,ukA
119 ,98 ,qkA

wA BB

208

26 ,j

120 ,wn
20 ,(uAqM) o{ n
23 , n

24 ,kMp

26 ,QAr

105 ,69 ,30 ,26 ,23 ,kw


24 ,w kw
109 ,35 ,kw
42 ,eAw
83 ,63 ,18 ,nw
126 ,ow

17 ,Bzo{
67 ,pAo{

84 ,B

74 ,BX
118 ,117 ,89 ,43 ,27 ,Ao ; Ao
117 ,88 ,42 ,17 ,BTvMo
,21 ,19 ,12 ,11 ,9 ,8 ,7 ,6 ,Mo ;Jo
,76 ,75 ,74 ,35 ,34 ,29 ,27 ,26 ,23
128 ,118 ,90

19 ,(AjBAo@) Bo

,36 ,35 ,34 ,31 ,22 ,21 ,11 ,9 ,6 ,wnB


,90 ,83 ,76 ,74 ,73 ,69 ,60 ,50 ,40

,41 ,39 ,38 ,35 ,27 ,MB\Q ;JB\Q


105
26 ,BQ

69 ,42 ,39 ,30 ,Bo{BU


24 ,ATU
,21 ,12 ,11 ,9 ,6 ,BoU ;oU ;oU ;oU
,53 ,50 ,44 ,41 33 ,3 27 ,25 ,22
,97 ,83 ,78 75 ,73 ,7 68 ,64 ,58
128 ,124 ,122 ,112 ,108
105 ,81 ,43 ,27 ,BoU ;oU
24 ,<{ o > BwUnU
,44 ,42 ,41 ,39 ,24 ,11 ,10 ,vU ;uU
117 ,114 ,113 ,88 ,69 ,65 ,63

23 ,Y

57 , nB L]

111 ,97 ,voa ;uoa

25 ,B   ~ e
23 ,20 ,e
42 ,Ane
47 ,5 ,jBMCnke
31 ,j jBMCnke

24 ,<L B{> AUBi


39 ,BTwpi

77 ,B@Aj
56 ,55 ,5 ,j
23 ,18 , zj

209

BBMp B ,BB B

56 ,qB
23 ,o
,77 ,72 ,71 ,69 ,46 ,39 ,33 ,o~ ;o~
124 ,114 ,97 ,88 ,83 ,78
18 ,Jo
31 ,

20 ,Rq

,12
,40
,57
,90

,10
,39
,56
,77

6 ,jnAnB
55 ,24 ,RAo
,6 ,5 ,2 ,k nB L{ ;k ;k
,38 ,37 ,35 ,34 ,25 ,22 ,21
,54 ,53 ,51 ,49 ,45 ,43 ,41
,76 ,69 ,67 ,66 ,65 ,62 ,60
109 ,105 ,98 ,93 ,91

24 ,wB
69 ,48 ,24 ,18 ,5 ,
78 ,w
46 ,j

128 ,108
24 ,Bo

63 ,uMB
87 ,o
23 ,y o 
72 ,nAjq
62 ,
129 ,
63 ,Ao

@

32 ,MB@
26 ,aAo@
105 ,63 ,oz@
5 ,@
23 ,@

119 ,40 ,30 ,3 ,RAo\@


55 ,S@

50 ,n
67 ,(@)
5 ,k