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No place like home
Amelia Gentleman meets the families forced to live in B&Bs
Can the Boss save Obama?
From nun to sex therapist
‘I punched Hamble’
Fresh BBC scandal
Your questions answered
Daredevil Felix: your questions answered
What happened to the capsule and the balloon? As soon as it was conﬁrmed that Baumgartner had landed safely, the attention of mission control shifted to the balloon and capsule. The team remotely detached the capsule from the balloon, allowing it to fall back to Earth under its own parachute. It hit the ground 55 miles east of Baumgartner’s own landing site. The balloon was deﬂated via a nylon “destruct line”, with the lightweight balloon material falling back to Earth to be gathered and removed by truck. Why did he not break up, or pass out, when he went supersonic? The precise physiological exertions experienced by Baumgartner’s body as he momentarily reached 833.9mph during his descent are still being studied. All we know is that he survived, which proves that pre-jump speculation that his body might explode or disintegrate were ill-founded. What was special about the suit? The suit was modelled on those worn by pilots of high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft, but it had never been tried in a free-fall before Baumgartner started testing it. It had four layers consisting of both “breathable” Gore-Tex, and heat- and ﬂame-resistant Nomex. The internal layer was a “comfort liner”. Next was a “gas membrane” that helped to retain air pressure. A “restraint layer” then helped to maintain the suit’s shape. Finally, the external layer was Nomex to protect against ﬁre and temperature extremes. What was the biggest danger? His team identiﬁed 16 key risks. They included ultraviolet radiation, wind shear, landing impact, extreme temperatures, hypoxia (oxygen starvation), decompression sickness, entering a ﬂat spin during the descent and ﬁre aboard the capsule. But the team said two dangers hung over Baumgartner above all others – a “breach” in the suit or capsule, and the accidental deployment of a parachute. How did they know where he would fall? Baumgartner’s landing site was 23 miles from where the balloon had taken oﬀ several hours earlier. His team waited for the perfect weather conditions when high-altitude winds that might have caused his balloon to drift
(Left) Felix Baumgartner celebrates his record-breaking skydive in New Mexico; (above) the Austrian skydiver jumps oﬀ his platform; (below) his $250,000 balloon
were at a minimum. Once he exited his free-fall by deploying his parachute, Baumgartner was able to “steer” himself to a preferred landing spot. How long will it be before every Tom, Dick and Harry adventureseeker is queuing up to do this? The non-reusable balloon used by Baumgartner cost $250,000, with the wider cost to the sponsor Red Bull of the record attempt estimated to have cost many millions of dollars. This will put oﬀ most copycats, but the high-proﬁle stunt is expected to provoke a surge in interest for parachuting. Leo Hickman
Whale of a time
Lynn Gardner on the PM’s rendition of Moby-Dick for The Big Read: “Considerably less animation than the speaking clock.” Read the review at: guardian.co.uk/shortcuts
Rural aﬀairs secretary Owen Paterson has outed himself as a fan of the semicolon. Time to pen him a letter littered with interrobangs and SarcMarks then.
2 The Guardian 16.10.12
COVER PHOTOGRAPH DAVID LEVENE FOR THE GUARDIAN; PHOTOGRAPHS CORBIS, GETTY IMAGES; ALAMY; SEAN SMITH FOR THE GUARDIAN; KEW
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Has Homeland ﬁnally lost the plot?
t started, as much trouble does, with a furtive text. Homeland’s corrupt congressman Nicholas Brody sent a message saying simply “May 1”, to alert Abu Nazir, the world’s most wanted (ﬁctional) terrorist, to the fact that the US government had snipers positioned to assassinate him. At the time Brody, was holed up in a bunker in the depths of the Pentagon. His fellow oﬃcials failed to notice that he was using his mobile, which would, in the real world, never have been allowed through security. This isn’t the ﬁrst time Homeland has sacriﬁced plausibility for drama, but Sunday’s episode sparked the loudest chorus of backlash since the show began. The journalist Mehdi Hasan admitted on Twitter that he’s gripped by Homeland, despite its “dodgy agenda and poor fact-checking”, pointing out that Carrie refers to jumaah as “morning prayer”, when it actuMeteorology Wakehurst Place in West Sussex lost 20,000 trees in the “great storm” of 1987, 25 years ago today. This is what it looked like then and how it is today, following a conservation project to repair the landscape
ally happens in the afternoon. The show’s portrayal of Islam is proving problematic elsewhere, with the Observer’s Peter Beaumont calling it “not only crude and childish but oﬀensive”. The Guardian’s weekly blog ﬁlls up with insightful comments about inaccuracies as soon as each episode has been aired, on everything from desecrated Qur’ans to name pronunciations. But, like Hasan, most people don’t seem to mind. Homeland’s writers have an expert grasp of the buildup and release of nearunbearable tension. That they occasionally sacriﬁce plausibility to move the plot along is ﬁne by me. Is the show crude? I don’t think so. 24 was crude. Homeland, on the other hand, loves moral ambiguity. There’s a strong case to be made that rather than extremists, the real villain of season one was America itself: the CIA and the government were duplicitous, self-serving and ethically blank. And, besides, Brody used his phone in the bunker at the end of the ﬁrst series, when his daughter, Dana, dropped him a line and inadvertently persuaded him not to blow everyone up. Perhaps he really does just have great reception. Rebecca Nicholson
Pass notes No 3,265 Army Reserves
Age: 0. Appearance: Proud, brave, cost-eﬀective, pending. What is it? A reserve force of volunteer soldiers, serving alongside regular army soldiers when and where required. Like the Territorial Army. Like the TA, yes. But diﬀerent. How so? It will have a diﬀerent name. Is that all? No, but the defence secretary, Philip Hammond, has said he would like to rebrand the force so it “sounds less like territorial defence and more like full integration with the army”. We already have the Royal Marine Reserves and the Royal Navy Reserves, but the TA’s name is enshrined in law, and would require legislation to change. What else would change? Hammond says he’s “not interested in reservists who want to play at being a soldier”. What other attractions could the job possibly oﬀer? More training, real army uniforms and topnotch equipment. The better to play at being a soldier. Integration will be more comprehensive than that. Reservists will train alongside regular soldiers, ex-regulars will be encouraged to serve part-time and reserve numbers will be doubled as the army is reduced from 102,000 to 82,000. So Hammond is just trying to plug a huge defence spending gap with some cut-price, part-time dad’s army. Isn’t that risky? Not if they’re properly trained and deployed, says Hammond. “At the moment not all reservists take their duties very seriously. The time for that is over.” But don’t they all have proper jobs as well? Yes, but these reforms would see a reservist’s commitment limited to one six-month period over ﬁve years, in a bid to keep employers on side. When did the TA start? It was ﬁrst formed in 1908 as the Territorial Force, the “territorial” part signifying that members were under no obligation to serve overseas. But they now participate in operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Do say: “I swear by almighty God that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to whatever it is we’re calling ourselves this week.” Don’t say: “This is, like, the most hardcore paintballing weekend ever.”
The most popular songs played at UK funerals: 1 My Way Frank Sinatra 2 Time To Say Goodbye Sarah Brightman/ Andrea Bocelli 3 Wind Beneath My Wings Bette Midler 4 Over the Rainbow Eva Cassidy 5 Angels Robbie Williams
Source: Co-operative Funeralcare
The Rolling Stones’ tour dates in London and New Jersey next month were announced with the set list for each gig, so you won’t be disappointed by not hearing favourite tracks. Handy
On this day in 1834, the Houses of Parliament burned down. To mark the occasion historian Caroline Shenton is going to live tweet the historic event. Follow at @parliamentburns
Smells like …
The ﬁrst ever man to controversially front a Chanel No 5 women’s perfume advertising campaign is... Brad Pitt! So not that much of a gamble then.
16.10.12 The Guardian 3
The graph that reveals just how far David Cameron plans to shrink the state
his column is normally accompanied by a photo; an illustration that takes its cue from the text. But not today. The chart you see on this page is plainly not decorative: it is the main event. All I’m going to discuss is its implications. Drawing on IMF ﬁgures published last week, the graph compares what will happen to government spending in Britain up to 2017 with the outlook for Germany and the US. And what it shows is that the UK will plunge from public spending on a par with Germany in 2009, to spending less than the US by 2017. Had France, Sweden or Canada been included on this graph, the UK would still come bottom. If George Osborne gets his way, within the next ﬁve years, Britain will have a smaller public sector than any other major developed nation. Fan or critic, nearly everyone now agrees that this government wants to shrink the state, but very few take on board what that means. This graph shows just how radical those ministerial plans are. Particularly striking is the fact that Britain will end up spending less as a proportion of its national income than even the US, the international byword for a decrepit public sector. According to Peter Taylor-Gooby, professor of social policy at Kent, this will be the ﬁrst time it has happened since at least 1980 and possibly in recorded history. For it to take place within half a decade is a shift so dramatic that few people in frontline politics, let alone among the electorate, have understood its implications. Forget all that ministerial guﬀ about the necessity of cutting the public sector to spur economic growth. It was notable at last week’s Tory party conference how Osborne and David Cameron didn’t even try to argue for the economic beneﬁts of austerity – how could they? – but grimly asserted that there was no alternative. Forget, too, the argument that only cuts have kept Britain’s borrowing costs from rocketing. In the IMF’s summer healthcheck for the UK was another chart which showed that the only nations where interest rates had spiralled upwards were those in the eurozone, and those without control of their own currency and monetary policy. Every other major economy, no matter what their debt load, was able to borrow from the ﬁnancial markets as cheaply as ever. Strip away the usual alibis for such drastic austerity and what you’re inevitably left with is a purely political motive: namely, a desire to transform the British state from being recognisably European, with continental levels of public spending, to something sub-American in its miserliness. Let me make two caveats. First, there was no way Britain was going to maintain public spending at 2009 levels. That year, the Labour government threw the kitchen sink at the economy, after which you would expect some belt-tightening. Still, as Carl Emmerson of the Institute for Fiscal Studies
Within five years, the UK will have a smaller public sector than any other developed nation
The graph below shows government spending as a percentage of GDP Germany Great Britain United States
points out, after both world wars, the level of public spending in Britain rose permanently; you might expect something similar after a once-in-alifetime ﬁnancial crisis. Given how fast Britain is ageing, and how much we will need to spend on pensions and care for the elderly, there is no reason why the state in Britain should shrink back to some magic level of 40% of the economy. Second, this chart is based on current US budget plans: if Mitt Romney moves into the White House next January, or even if Barack Obama is re-elected and has to strike a bargain with intransigent Republicans, then Washington is also likely to make stringent cuts. But that last qualiﬁcation only reinforces the larger argument. Whether in Britain or the US, the right are trying to whip the rest of us into a giant race to the bottom, where public services, welfare entitlements and employment rights are all to be tossed overboard. Cameron admitted as much in last Wednesday’s conference speech. Lumping together Nigeria with China and India and Brazil, he described them as “the countries on the rise … lean, ﬁt, obsessed with enterprise, spending money on the future – on education, incredible infrastructure and technology”. As anyone who has ever tried to keep a car on the potholed roads of northern India will know, that description is a giant porky. But Cameron wanted to draw a comparison with “the countries on the slide … fat, sclerotic, over-regulated, spending money on unaﬀordable welfare systems, huge pension bills, unreformed public services”. From compassionate Conservative to growth rainmaker to state-shrinker, Cameron has gone through a huge change since 2005. But that is nothing like what lies ahead for the rest of Britain in the next ﬁve years. Prepare yourself for welfare to be downsized into American-style workfare, for public-sector jobs to be turned into a secondclass employment and for services, from school to healthcare, to demand that users pay more to get something decent. The future is American.
, public By 2017 the UK in spending e below plung will he US that in t
SOURCE IMF WEO DATABASE OCT 2012
16.10.12 The Guardian 5
hese are the reasons why nine-year-old Rana does not like her new home. The bedroom she shares with her mother has no window. The room is too small to ﬁt two beds, so they have to share, and there’s only room to do her homework if she clears all her mother’s housing documentation from the tiny square table, squeezed between the bed and the wall. During the night, she can hear the occupants of the bed and breakfast’s other rooms stamping up and down the stairs, occasionally followed by the police, so she lies in bed wondering who they are and what is going on. Most worrying is the woman in the room next door who attacked her mother a few weeks ago, after a quarrel about leaving the doors open to go and use the kitchen. The assault was so violent (scratches, hair torn out and slaps to the face) that her mother had to spend the night in hospital, accompanied by Rana. The neighbour remains in the bed and breakfast, and Rana and her mother have responded by no longer using the communal kitchen. Instead they buy food from KFC and McDonald’s. “When we had our own ﬂat, I loved that kind of food, I wanted to eat it every day. But now we eat it every day, I don’t want to eat it any more,” she says. She has taped a poster with a picture of ponies and foals, garlanded with ﬂowers, above the table, but the room remains unhomely, a small space crammed with overﬂowing suitcases and belongings balanced on top of each other because there are no shelves to store things on. By contrast, her mother, Mina, feels lucky to be here, because – despite the broken furniture, the damp mattress in the kitchen, propped up by another tenant near the window to dry, and the terrifying neighbours – the place is at least close enough to her daughter’s school to make the daily commute there possible. This year there has been a dramatic surge in the number of families being housed in B&Bs, with ﬁgures from the National Housing Federation showing a 44% increase over the past year. For families with children, the rise has been even sharper – an increase of 60%, according to the homelessness charity Shelter. Almost 4,000 families are now living in hostels, and the most dramatic rise is in central London. The image of families living for extended periods in B&B hostels became familiar in the early 1990s, but for a decade their use has declined
due to a concerted eﬀort by politicians conscious that this method of housing people is not only extremely insecure and very damaging for children, but also very expensive for the councils paying the bills. There is no enthusiasm from councils for housing families in B&Bs, but because of a chronic shortage of cheap housing, particularly in London, there is little alternative. Guidance that B&B accommodation is not suitable for families with children and should only be used in extremis, for no longer than six weeks, is widely breached, because councils have nowhere to move people on to. Shelter says these B&B ﬁgures are the coal-mine canary, which point to simmering crisis in the low-income housing system. The rise in families being housed in B&Bs runs parallel with the rise in homelessness, up by 26% in the past two years. It’s almost unheard of for a family to be allowed to become homeless on the streets; B&Bs are relied on to prevent that from happening. These ﬁgures show how many families are that close to the brink. “When these numbers start to go up dramatically, it is a real sign that there are pent-up problems across the entire system,” Toby Lloyd, from Shelter, says. “The number of homeless families is going up very fast, as a result of a perfect storm of problems in the system. Bed and breakfasts are the last resort for housing homeless families.” Rana and Mina (who, like most people interviewed for this piece, asked for their real names not to be printed in case any suggestion that they might be complaining rebounds on them in the council’s housing oﬃce) are living in this bed and breakfast, as a direct result of changes to the housing beneﬁt system. The precise thinking of Mina’s previous landlord is not clear, but she was charging £500 a week for the two-bedroom ﬂat in St John’s Wood in north London, paid for by housing beneﬁt, when a new housing beneﬁt cap was introduced, which would have reduced the maximum payment available to Mina to £290. Rather than waiting for her tenant to fall into arrears, the landlord gave her notice to leave earlier this year. If these ﬁgures sound enormous, they need to be set in the context of the London property market to be understood. In the last decade, as investors globally have sought stability in the UK housing market, a property boom has rippled from the most expensive houses in Knightsbridge down to the cheapest ﬂats in Newham, pushing up private rents. The
6 The Guardian 16.10.12
‘The people here are quite frightening’
Despite guidelines that say B&B accommodation is no place for children, the number of families living in hostels is rising sharply. Amelia Gentleman meets some of the people trapped in them
A family living in a B&B in west London. Photograph: Christian Sinibaldi for the Guardian
16.10.12 The Guardian 7
coalition’s housing allowance cap was based on the theory that by capping the amount available to housing beneﬁt recipients, landlords would drop their rents and renegotiate lower contracts with tenants. But because the rental market in the capital remains so buoyant, what appears to have happened instead is that families like Mina’s have been evicted. Research shows that around a third of all landlords renting to housing beneﬁt tenants are thinking about ending their contracts, amid fears that their tenants will no longer be able to pay the rent, after the cap already introduced, and ahead of a second overall beneﬁt cap, due in April 2013. Because fewer people are able to get mortgages to buy their own homes, the private rental market is booming, and landlords in central London know they will have no diﬃculty in renting elsewhere to less uncertain tenants. A refugee from Iran who has lived in London for many years, Mina used to work in a cafe but now has arthritis in both knees; she walks with diﬃculty and does not work. There was nowhere else she could aﬀord to move to in the vicinity of her daughter’s school, so she asked the council for advice. They told her she needed to be for-
Kitchen, bedroom and hallway in a south London B&B. Photographs: David Levene for the Guardian
mally evicted by bailiﬀs, made homeless by the landlord, and only then would they be able step in to give her emergency help. Mina was out when the bailiﬀs came, so Rana and a family friend had to move everything out of the ﬂat – another alarming experience for the then eight-year-old. First they were housed in a hostel in east London, but it was impossibly far from the school, and a kind Westminster housing oﬃce took pity, Mina says, and rehoused them. Despite the six-week limit, they have been here for seven weeks already, and have been given no information about when they might be moved. “The people are quite frightening here. There’s shouting all night long,” Rana says. When her daughter leaves the room, Mina says she thinks a lot of the other tenants have mental health problems, some are drug addicts and some have recently left jail. “When she goes to bed, she says: ‘Mum, I am not happy’,” Mina says. Mina understands that the government has to save money, but wonders if they need to target people like her, who have long-term roots in the area. “I’ve had the same GP for 20 years, the same hospital. All my daughter’s friends are here. Are we meant to change all
8 The Guardian 16.10.12
these things?” she asks. “Suddenly they’ve changed all the rules. They are playing with people. They are messing around with people’s lives. It’s a lot of stress for a single mother.” Campaigners in the housing sector are despondent at the rise in B&B numbers. David Orr, chief executive of the NHF, says: “What’s so frustrating is that people in the sector have been working very hard indeed to get the numbers down to almost zero. There was an economic argument – that this was an ineﬃcient use of public money – but governments of both colours understood that this was just an appalling way to bring up children.” The “inexorable rise in bed and breakfast numbers” over the past eight quarters has been depressing to witness, he adds: “It feels like years of work are going down the drain.” He points to the change in housing beneﬁts as a possible cause. Housing systems are fantastically complex, but if the system is working properly, families who become homeless should be quickly moved from “emergency accommodation” (B&Bs) into “temporary accommodation” – usually private properties rented by the council to house the homeless – theoretically less expensive and more secure than
hostels. Because the numbers of homeless are rising, there is less temporary accommodation available and with landlords increasingly nervous about housing tenants who claim beneﬁts, more people are being pushed into B&Bs. “There is some evidence that landlords who were [taking] housing beneﬁt tenants, are no longer prepared to,” Orr says. In this context, B&Bs tend not to be places that budget tourists having a mini-break in England would want to end up in. “They are often overcrowded, poorly managed and very poor quality. Often they are closed between 9am and 4pm, so residents are evicted during the day. We are talking about places that most tourists would not want to stay in,” Orr says. It’s not clear that the rising B&B ﬁgures will attract tremendous public sympathy. The British Social Attitudes survey published last month conﬁrmed what has been increasingly obvious over the past few years – that there is a marked decline in popular support for the size of the beneﬁt bill, and little desire for the government to spend more on welfare. Traditionally during recessions there has been an empathetic surge of support for more spending on welfare, but now only 28% of people think this. Labour has begun to echo the Conservatives’ talk of beneﬁt caps. Housing is an emotive subject because most people are struggling to pay rent, or a mortgage, making lifealtering decisions about where to live based on how much they can aﬀord to spend – so making the case for the state to be subsidising large chunks of rent for other people to live in
By Patrick Kin
‘We are talking about places that most tourists would not want to stay in’
Towards a no-growth future In orthodox economics, growth is good. At Davos this year, 35 sessions dealt with how to encourage more of it. “Relentless focus on growth,” said David Cameron in 2010, “is what you will get from this government.” The more money spent, the more money made – goes the argument – and the more money that can be spent again. By contrast, if people stop spending, ﬁrms stop making money, and their employees start losing their jobs. In short, growth deﬁnes progress. To suggest otherwise, says economics professor Tim Jackson, was once “like arguing that you wanted to sell your grandmother”. But in May 2011, the 2,500 delegates at Berlin’s Beyond Growth conference did just that. Inﬂuenced by the likes of Herman Daly, conference-goers argued that growth was a useless way of achieving prosperity. Growth simply depends on economic activity – “and a lot of that activity,” says one of the attendees, economist Brian Davey, “isn’t necessarily very useful”. Buying a gun contributes to growth, for example, but it might hurt someone. Buying petrol earns the vendor money, but depletes natural resources. As a result, growth can’t go on for ever – the earth’s resources are ﬁnite. Sustainable growth, they argue, is also a myth: it’s impossible to decouple economic progress from environmental damage. It wasn’t just eco-warriors saying this: “There were some serious academics, NGOs, labour unions, Marxists, and also a lot of young, bright kids,” remembers Jackson, one of the academics present. Over 100 speakers outlined alternatives to growth – tactics that aimed to slow down economic activity while raising employment and people’s quality of life. Suggestions included various forms of decentralisation; turning private land into commons to avoid its overuse; and sharing fulltime jobs between part-time workers. “This heretical idea of a no-growth future – it’s no longer just possible,” says Kalle Lasn, author of Meme Wars, an upcoming book about transcending growth. “It’s being discussed in a very workmanlike way.” In 2007, Tim Jackson felt he couldn’t even “breathe the question. But what’s interesting for me was that only three years later, thousands of people would turn out to ask exactly that question.”
16.10.12 The Guardian 9
London does not instantly elicit sympathy. But there has always been a subsidised housing system to help people on low incomes. The problem in London is that rents have grown so extortionate that the costs required to support people to stay in the areas where they have roots now seem unfathomable to anyone who has not had recent contact with the London housing market. Campaigners constantly have to make the point that this is not a reason for stopping oﬀering support to people. This housing crisis aﬀects people who are working, as well as those who are not. Grace, a mental health nurse, has been living in a room with her 16-year-old son, in a white stuccofronted hotel in west London for ﬁve months. In the lobby there is a rack of leaﬂets advertising musicals and tourist attractions in the West End, but there is no sign of any tourists. Most residents are also victims of the housing crisis. She became homeless when she and her son were thrown out of the ﬂat they were sharing with friends. Her son is at school nearby, but as a newly-qualiﬁed nurse earning a salary of £21,000, Grace, who moved from Nigeria over a decade ago, is unable to aﬀord to rent in this part of central London, where she wants to be so that her son can stay in the school where he has begun his A-levels, and so she can easily travel to the hospital where she often works nights and early morning shifts. Despite the disruption of moving into the B&B when he was sitting his GCSEs, her son did extremely well and has embarked on A-levels with a view to becoming an aerospace engineer. Moving to a part of London where she could think about aﬀording to rent would, she says, both make the night shifts impossible and would unsettle her son’s education. The hotel has strict rules controlling residents’ behaviour. She is not allowed visitors, so we meet on the doorstep and rush through the rain to a cafe. She is not allowed to use the kitchen after 10pm, which means she can’t do any cooking when she gets back late from work, so has taken to eating McDonald’s on the bus on the way home. Breakfast, which she has to pay for, is between 8am and 9am, which doesn’t often ﬁt in with her shift pattern, so she has to miss it. She worries about her son, alone in the hotel when she is out at work. She doesn’t want to be negative about her neighbours, but is conscious of drugs being smoked in the corridors. “I thought B&s were just for visitors and tourists. I didn’t know homeless
Residents return to their B&B in south London. Photograph: David Levene people went to stay in B&Bs,” she says. “The school has told me I really need to support him in his studies. He says he needs a quiet environment to study. At the moment I’m not able to make him regular meals,” she says. “My job requires 100% concentration. That patient’s life is in my hands. I need to get the drug calculations 100% correct. But I am thinking, is my son safe? I don’t know when I’m moving. I don’t know what I’m doing. I’m really disturbed and it is aﬀecting my work – I can’t sleep. My son is not happy.” Her son ﬁnds it hard to work in the small room, and she ﬁnds it uncomfortable having to ask him to step into the corridor every time she wants to dress or undress. She is also meant to be studying for post-qualiﬁcation tests, but has found it near impossible to set aside the time and space when her son is not working. She knows she should already have been moved out of the B&B, if the council were to meet the six-week target, but she has little information about how long she might have to stay. She sees other families being housed more quickly, because they have a new baby or the mother is
‘Instead of capping housing beneﬁt the government should be providing low-cost housing’
pregnant. “I can’t be pregnant at my age – I’m 48,” she says. The problem with writing about real people caught up in the changes to the housing beneﬁt system, or the beneﬁt system overall, is that you have to lay them out for scrutiny, for people to observe their decisions and judge whether they think they are justiﬁable. Why doesn’t Grace move out of central London and commute? Why does Mina expect the state to pay for her housing, and why isn’t she working? But, whatever you feel about the policy, this is how people’s lives are aﬀected when the system nears crisis. It was not possible to talk to anyone responsible for housing in person, but the new housing minister, Mark Prisk, sent an emailed statement, which reads: “There is no excuse for any family to be stuck in bed and breakfast accommodation, and we have oﬀered support to those 20 councils who between them account for 80% of families in this situation for an unacceptably long time. We’ve increased the Discretionary Housing Pot to about £400m over the spending period to help families with the transition to the new, fairer, system of beneﬁts.” Romin Sutherland of the NextDoor project, a charity helping people aﬀected by housing beneﬁt cuts argues that capping the housing beneﬁt “is driving a huge rise in homelessness, which is itself costing the taxpayer many millions. And this doesn’t account for the longer term costs of uprooting established communities and dumping them without support in unfamiliar areas that are unable to provide for their needs. “Instead of capping housing beneﬁt, perhaps the government should be focusing on providing low-cost housing that gives back to the taxpayer over generations, rather than squandering our money on exorbitant rents,” he says. As she enters the sixth month at the hotel, Grace feels angry at the amount of money being wasted on subsidising her to live there. The weekly rent for the room is £388, of which she pays £137 and the council £251. She is spending around £125 a week on the expensive, but unavoidable, cost of storage for all her belongings. “I love being a mental health nurse. I feel I should be given the support I need to help me do the job I love doing,” she says. “But I feel that my contribution is not recognised. Key workers used to be prioritised – nurses, teachers – but that’s not the case now. I believe they are trying to push the underprivileged out from central London,” she says.
10 The Guardian 16.10.12
ust when he thought he was out, they pull him back in. Having told the New Yorker that he was going to sit this election out, Bruce Springsteen has decided to saddle up once more in support of President Barack Obama’s re-election bid. His ﬁrst appearance will be alongside Bill Clinton at a rally in Parma, Ohio this Thursday. Like Clinton, whose convention speech thrilled the faithful last month, Springsteen is well-equipped to inject some emotional heat into a somewhat chilly and apologetic Obama campaign. In this area Springsteen knows failure as well as success. While 2008 was a dream election for the left in the US, Springsteen was also the star attraction on the 2004 Vote for Change tour in aid of John Kerry. Not one of the swing states visited by the tour changed direction as a result and George Bush returned to the White House. REM’s Peter Buck has recalled talking to Springsteen’s guitarist Steve Van Zandt backstage: “We both said: ‘Y’know, I’m glad we’re doing this, but it’s not going to do anything. Kerry’s losing.’” So you can see why Springsteen hesitated this time. In campaigning for broader issues, you can claim to be nudging public opinion in the right direction, however slowly, but the brutal calculus of elections allows only for winners and losers. It takes courage to risk being numbered among the latter. Rock music’s ﬁrst concerted eﬀort to inﬂuence an election ended in the most crushing defeat of all. Such marquee names as Carole King, Grateful Dead and Simon and Garfunkel played beneﬁt shows for anti-war liberal George McGovern in 1972 – Neil Young even recorded a single for the candidate, War Song – and the Republican Richard Nixon still won by a historic landslide. The cherished youth vote, expanded by the lowering in 1971 of the voting age from 21 to 18, failed to materialise in McGovern’s favour. So much for the power of rock music to win hearts and minds, you might think. And yet Nixon had been troubled by John Lennon’s plans to stage an anti-incumbent tour (cancelled due to his ﬁght against deportation), so somebody was taking it seriously. Many disconsolate McGovern supporters, including Lennon and Young, steered away from politics for years afterwards. In Britain, the same happened to Paul Weller after Margaret Thatcher’s re-election in 1987. Weller had stiﬂed his suspicion of party politics in order to add his star power to the
Bruce Springsteen will be hitting the road once more in support of Barack Obama. But can rock stars really make much diﬀerence in the brutal world of politics, wonders Dorian Lynskey
Can Bruce do it again for Obama?
Bruce and Barack on stage together in 2008; Neil Young, in 1972 (top), couldn’t halt Richard Nixon’s lansdlide victory
Red Wedge campaign in support of Neil Kinnock’s Labour party, and his political commitment never recovered from Red Wedge’s failure. “Before the Wedge, the Style Council had done a lot independently, raised a lot of money in beneﬁts,” he told Q magazine. “After the Wedge, we were so disillusioned it all stopped. We were totally cynical about all of it.” Weller was simply too idealistic for electoral politics. That role requires the pragmatism to understand what is achievable, the strength to endure defeat and the humility to know that campaigning musicians aggravate as many people as they inspire. “[Political] capital diminishes the more often you do it,” Springsteen admitted to the New Yorker. The principled yet pragmatic Springsteen must know he has a tricky task ahead. Unseating a president you hate is much more energising than re-electing one who has disappointed you. It’s notable that many of the musicians who were shouting their support for Obama from the rooftops in 2008 will now only express approval if prompted by interviewers. Many have waited until late in the day before stepping forward, although Springsteen is not alone: a rally in Los Angeles last week featured Stevie Wonder, Bon Jovi and Katy Perry. Perhaps the horriﬁc prospect of a Romney-Ryan White House has only just sunk in. Jay-Z and Beyoncé hosted a fundraising party in New York in September for 100 guests who paid $40,000 (£25,000) each; under new campaign ﬁnance laws, perhaps the most practically useful thing celebrities can do is help ﬁll the war chest. Springsteen’s ability to aﬀect the outcome is limited. No matter how passionately he sings Badlands, he has little chance of stopping white blue-collar men from backing Mitt Romney 2:1. They are more likely to see the singer as another celebrity liberal than as a fellow son of toil. But in a polarised country with few undecideds, ballot-box success rests more on getting out the vote than on winning over swing voters. Maybe Springsteen saw Obama’s lowvoltage debate performance and thought the base needed ﬁring up in a hurry. An inspiring performance might just provide the visceral jolt that propels someone to the polling station on 6 November, but if Obama loses, then Springsteen is wise enough and tough enough not to take it personally. On the billion-dollar stage of a presidential election, even the biggest celebrities must settle for supporting roles.
PHOTOGRAPHS GETTY IMAGES; HENRY DILTZ/CORBIS
16.10.12 The Guardian 11
rom nun to sex therapist isn’t an obvious career path but, says the former Sister Jane Frances de Chantal, “when you’ve been starved for a while, you certainly appreciate the feast at the end of it”. Today, Sister Jane is Dr Fran Fisher, a California “sexologist” in US-speak. But she was born and raised in Yorkshire and entered a Franciscan convent in Derbyshire aged 18. She left two years later, met and married an academic, and moved to the US. It wasn’t until she was in her 40s, she says, that she began to understand how much her Catholic upbringing, and her experience of being a nun, had damaged her sexual instincts. With her children growing up, she saw a course in sex therapy advertised and her interest was immediately piqued. “I enrolled, and what happened next blew my head oﬀ. One day the tutor said we were going to discuss our masturbation history and I thought, can I really do this? Somewhere inside I was still a nun even after all these years … I was still sexually naive. I realised that the legacy of my time in the convent was the cause of most of the problems in my marriage. It had been drummed into me as a novice that I didn’t really have ownership over anything, even my own body.” Fisher decided to combine her new professional direction, running workshops and counselling, with her own past, and to ﬁnd out whether other former nuns had had similar experiences: the result is a book in which she interviews 28 women who, like her, took vows of poverty, chastity and obedience only to later leave orders. She talked to them about their sexuality before, during and after their time in the convent and discovered many similarities. “Most of the women I interviewed had been raised in strict Catholic families. Many had an alcoholic father. Quite a few had a history of physical and/or sexual abuse. A lot of them described the convent as a safe place to go.” Fisher, who is now in her early 60s, realised that some of the traits of her own childhood were typical – in particular the fact that both her Irish Catholic parents had wholly negative attitudes towards sex. Her father, ther, she says, almost always described ribed women in pejorative terms; her mother, meanwhile, thought sex was “dangerous, dirty, vile, nasty and ﬁlthy”. When Fisher, then aged 14, feared she was pregnant – after an episode of petting that didn’t involve intercourse – her mother fuelled her fears, leaving
Dr Fran Fisher’s latest book blows the lid oﬀ the repressed sexuality of convent life. It’s a subject she knows ﬁrst hand, she tells Joanna Moorhead
From nun to sexologist
Fran Fisher today – and as a nun back in 1968 (below)
her with a sense of “never wanting to have anything to do with a man again”. The convent had the allure of a place where women were pure and mysterious and – most importantly – safe. But once inside its walls, her sexuality began to surface. Fisher became increasingly unhappy, lost a lot of weight, and eventually left the convent one Saturday morning while all the other sisters were at mass. She was, she says, still as naive about sex as she was when she arrived. But that
wasn’t the case with all the women she interviewed. “Those who spent decades in a convent had usually experienced a sexual awakening. Some had relationships with other nuns, some with priests, some with laypeople.” Some of them, too, talked to Fisher about how they were aware of sexual abuse that was going on in the Catholic church – but most, she says, were unable or unwilling to do anything about it. “Very few nuns were whistleblowers,” she says. “When you’re a nun, you give away your ability to judge a situation.” Obedience meant not taking the lead and not questioning those who were obviously in positions of authority – such as male priests. Some of the women in the book describe exploitative and unequal sexual relationships with priests – relationships they later questioned but which, at the time, they accepted as “necessary” for the men. As for having a healthy, “normal” sexual relationship, some of the women Fisher interviewed were middle-aged before this happened for the ﬁrst time. “One woman described having intercourse for the ﬁrst time aged 52. Another told me that when she ﬁrst got a boyfriend, aged 50, she had sex every night for the ﬁrst two or three months. Her partner thought he was going out with an Amazonian – but she said to him: “I’ve waited half a century for this, just lie back and shut up!’” Fisher, like some of those she interviewed, did eventually experience a happy and more typical sex life. But she is ﬁercely critical of the Catholic system that allows naive young women (these days, more usually they are from Africa or Asia rather than Europe or North America) to uproot themselves from their families and enter a convent. “The practice of taking young women (or men) from a childhood of indoctrination and expecting them to make a lifelong commitment to celibacy in their early 20s is clearly wrong,” she says. “And it’s still going on. Not long ago, I saw some young nuns being interviewed on TV. I saw their faces, and I thought: it’s still happening. There are still young women in some parts of the world for whom a convent oﬀers a sanctuary from diﬃcult questions about sex, an education, opportunities. But it’s running away from life, and there’s a huge toll in terms of individual fallout down the line. The church shouldn’t allow it to happen.”
In the Name of God Why? by Fran Fisher is published by Griﬃn.
12 The Guardian 16.10.12
Why is there only one working mum in elite football?
As Arsenal clinched the FA Continental Cup last week, two little boys invaded the pitch to celebrate with their mother, captain Katie Chapman. The scene was both endearing and surprising. For whereas we are all used to seeing male players cavort around the pitch with trophies and their oﬀspring, it has never been the same for the women. Why? Chapman, 30, is currently the only elite female footballer in the UK with children. The former England under-18 captain and twice holder of the FA International Player of the Year award has previously made the news for playing while pregnant (twice) – but it now seems as if playing competitive matches until nearly seven months pregnant was the easy part. Speaking after last Wednesday’s match, she was very clear that the FA’s reluctance to accommodate or support her in her role as mother led her to give up her international career last March, having made 82 appearances and scored eight goals. As a result, she has her eye on life beyond football and is training to become a beautician, a ﬁeld in which she is part-qualiﬁed. Chapman said at the time that she could no longer balance the time and travel demands of international football with her commitments to her two small sons. The family had recently returned from the United States after a season when she played for Chicago, and she felt that, after so many changes, she needed to be with her children more – and that would necessitate a retirement from international football. Her club side Arsenal have been incredibly supportive of Chapman and her boys, ﬁnding space for them on the team coaches and hotels for away trips – but that isn’t an option when you are playing international football. “It’s hard, trying to juggle all that and going away with England,” she says. “I felt that there could be more support around that situation, to help out with childcare and stuﬀ like that. Being a female footballer … that’s stuﬀ you just deal with. It’s not as glamorous as the men’s side of it. It’s stuﬀ you have to deal with.” So what more does Chapman think sporting authorities should do to support female players’ family life? Her answer would be similar for many
A certain age
Arsenal’s Katie Chapman and one of her sons lifting the Continental Cup trophy women, whether elite sporting types or not: “Childcare. That was what I struggled with. I was lucky enough that I had my family around me, but when they weren’t available, it became diﬃcult to try to sort that out,” she says. “It’s something they probably should be dealing with. We are women, women have children, and it’s something that should be looked into.” There is also the fact that female players earn a fraction of the salaries paid to their male counterparts, usually explained away by the extra revenues from TV exposure given to the men. It’s not just football, of course, although the success of the whole team in recent years has thrown the spotlight on the gulf between the male and female versions of the beautiful game. Examples of successful mothers in other sports are also rare. England cricketer Arran Brindle recently returned to international competition after a ﬁve-year break during which she had her son; and Belgian tennis player Kim Clijsters made headlines in 2009 when she returned after a two-year absence and became the ﬁrst mother in almost 30 years to win a tennis Grand Slam. Chapman is loth to say that other female football players are putting oﬀ having children because of the lack of support within the game, but she thinks it should at least be an option for everyone. “Why should you not have a family? Why should you have to wait?” she asks. “You should always be able to have a career and raise a family.” She thinks, then adds: “I think it’s all round the board, though. Mums need support, families need support, in any kind of job. Hopefully that will improve as well.” Carrie Dunn
NEWSPAPERS IN NUMBERS
Percentage of front-page articles written by men
Percentage of front-page articles written by women
Percentage of those quoted or mentioned in lead stories who are male
Percentage of those quoted or mentioned in lead stories who are female
Source: Women in Journalism
Last week was a diﬃcult one for us. Rosemary was dreading it. “I’m not going to be able to hear the news,” said she in a terrible bate. “You can get subtitles on telly,” I told her, thinking that her hearing had perhaps gone a little further down the pan. But that wasn’t it. “No!” shouted Rosemary. “I just can’t bear to see him. I don’t want to hear him, see him, or hear about his wretched wife’s clothes!” She was talking about our prime minister at the Conservative party conference. But it wasn’t too bad in the end. She learned to turn the news on halfway through, when there was hardly any risk of a sighting. Sometimes she got caught out, if Syria came ﬁrst, and he was on in the middle. Then she had to shout loudly to drown him out, and switch oﬀ again sharpish. “They’ve all got shiny faces, the people we don’t like,” said Fielding. “Have you noticed? I just go for a walk.” What? Out of the room? “No, out of the house, down to the beach on my own.” To the pounding, crashing waves and grey pebble mountains of the Jurassic coastline, which seems to cleanse his mind of shiny pink faces. And I haven’t watched the news at all. Occasionally I caught few dribbles of conference on the radio, but why bother to concentrate when there’s nothing worth concentrating on, and you’ll have made all that eﬀort, only to bore, upset and madden yourself? Much easier to play with the dog until it’s all over. So we’ve all survived it in our own way, blanking them out, turning them oﬀ, running to the beach. At least we’re not American, like my poor cousin, living here, but still in a cold sweat of terror waiting for the US election results. “It’s a quagmire of venality over there,” says she, deeply upset and desperate for Barack Obama to win. “They expected him to walk on water.” We don’t expect that sort of thing over here. We don’t have dreams. We’d just like them to walk on the ordinary ground, where the rest of us live.
PHOTOGRAPHS CHRISTOPHER THOMOND FOR THE GUARDIAN; FA VIA GETTY IMAGES
16.10.12 The Guardian 13
My boyfriend of three months is taking me on a mini-break for the ﬁrst time, and we’re going to Scotland. Can you recommend some decent nightwear that won’t make me look like either a granny or a strippergram? Maria, London Ah yes, the classic granny/strippergram dichotomy: wherein does the middle ground lie? In an unexpectedly elusive spot is the answer, as every lady who has ever tried to search for such a garment in a pre-mini-break panic knows all too well. Britain’s high streets these days may indeed be boulevards paved with cheap clothes but, when it comes to nightwear, the choice seems to be between dressing like an Ann Summers mannequin or as Ebenezer Scrooge, in full-length nightie regalia and possibly a matching bobble-tipped cap, too (candlestick generally not included). No wonder some people opt to sleep in nothing at all. However, seeing as you are going to the arctic lands of Scotland, Maria, that is clearly not an option for you, nor for anyone who ever suﬀered the indignity of a middle-of-the-night ﬁre-alarm on a school trip and was forced to go outside wearing just their coat and knickers, and thus has been traumatised into wearing nightgowns ever since. Just, you know, as an example. ’Tis a tricky issue, the whole ﬁrst mini-break/nightwear issue. I’m not m saying it’s as tricky as achieving peace g in the Middle East, but I’m not saying it’s not, either. I’m assuming, Maria, that your ur co-mini-breaker has been lucky enough to spend a night with you already dy and therefore has seen you in the he night hours before. But as you rightly surmise, mini-break nightwear is a slightly diﬀerent kettle of ﬁsh, to use a completely inappropriate and frankly distasteful analogy. As Bridget Jones knew very well,
Ask Hadley What’s the perfect nightwear for a romantic mini-break?
With nightwear, the choice seems to be Ann Summers or Ebenezer Scrooge
mini-breaks require mini-break wardrobes, something with a sense of occasion, and that occasion is a fantasy mini-break gleaned from the Secret Escapes advert, with no connection whatsoever to the mini-break you actually go on. Hence Bridget going on her and Daniel’s rain-sodden and freezing minibreak with nothing but a “long ﬂoaty white dress, tea-rose-pink suede minidress and bras, pants, stockings, suspenders (various)”. Of all the many truths contained within that book, the nightmare that is packing for a minibreak is, I reckon, the most universal. But sleepwear for the mini-break is, actually, the easiest part of the minibreak wardrobe as, unlike tea-rosebreak pink suede minidresses, it is not weather dependent. It’s merely a weat matter of ﬁnding the magical garment matt that i sexy without being silly (so you is can r rule out that French maid’s outﬁt on the Ann Summers website – sorry!) th and is pretty without being infantile. i If you’re really pushing the minibreak boat out, Maria, the prettiest br and an sexiest nightwear in possibly the th entire world is by Carine Gilson, who now has a shop in LonG don and is online at net-a-porter. d But Bu we are talking high ﬁgures here for the merest wisps of fabric so per-
haps warn your bank manager ﬁrst (and do you really want your bank manager to know about your sleepwear habits? Of course you don’t). Otherwise – and I know I have banged on about this label before but that’s because it’s brilliant – go Myla, which is not cheap but not as expensive and has lovely things that never wrinkle, even in the most battered of bags. Or you could do something that I never thought I’d ever advise but advising it I am. There are many mystifying cliches about men’s magazines that I, personally, ﬁnd hilarious, not least their enduring belief that anyone is interested in an annual report from the Basel watch fair. But the one that really tickles my heckles, or whatever you Brits say, is the photograph of a hot actress/model/whatever posing in just a man’s shirt while she sticks her ﬁnger in her mouth: “Oh dear! I just had sex with you and now I can’t ﬁnd my clothes … So I’ll put on your shirt while I put my ﬁnger in my mouth! I am practical!” This trope is so cliched it makes newspaper photos of blonde 18-yearold girls getting their A-level results look like strokes of original genius. Richard Avedon, look and weep. However, you can make it work for you. I was recently introduced (by my sister, credit where credit’s due) to J Crew’s incredibly cosy pyjama tops, which are perfect for sleeping in if you buy them one size up and ditch the trousers. These tops are centre of the Venn diagram between “GQ fantasy” and “cosy galore” and, in that place, everyone comes out a winner. But hot tip: don’t tote about a candlestick. Just because you’re dabbling in pyjamas doesn’t mean you need to go the full Scrooge.
Post your questions to Hadley Freeman, Ask Hadley, The Guardian, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU. Email ask.hadley@ guardian.co.uk
16.10.12 The Guardian 15
t is late afternoon in a redbrick house in north Norfolk, and the four Kirk children are squished on to the sofa, still in their school uniforms, discussing the art of fake ﬁghting. “I fake-punched: I stopped about that far away,” explains Shaun, his eyes broad and blue, hands held apart to show the proximity of his punch. “We had to pretend to hit ’em, coz we weren’t actually allowed to actual hit ’em, because if we did we’d get into more trouble.” Stephanie, Robert, Shaun and Katrina Kirk are the four stars of Michael Winterbottom’s Everyday, in competition at the London ﬁlm festival this week. Shot intermittently over ﬁve years, it features John Simm and Shirley Henderson as a couple coping with his imprisonment for theft. As Simm sees out his jail term, we watch Henderson struggling to care for their children: the challenge of making ends meet, the diﬃculty of providing enough discipline and love, the loneliness of waiting. Key to the ﬁlm’s success is its steady rhythm of repetitions: the family home all dolled up each Christmas,
‘Michael just said: Be naughty’
Michael Winterbottom spent ﬁve years shooting these children for a ﬁlm about a family with a father in jail. They tell Laura Barton about fake tears, prison visits – and working well past bedtime
the classrooms, the workplaces, the procession of buses and trains in the long journey to visit Simm, the visiting rooms with their plastic chairs and Formica tables. These airless scenes are interspersed with glorious shots of the Norfolk countryside wheeling through the seasons: rippling wheat ﬁelds and broad stretches of sand, poppies, hedgerows. Behind them swells a score by Michael Nyman, a frequent Winterbottom collaborator. The Kirks were ﬁrst approached in 2007. “Michael had toured around looking for one small boy around Shaun’s age,” explains Sarah, the children’s mother. “They wanted someone who looked like they could be John’s son, and they’d done eight or nine primary schools. We had a letter home from school to say they were doing a short ﬁlm. Then the school rang up and said they wanted to ﬁlm Shaun playing in his home environment. They didn’t realise until then that I had three other children.” Six weeks later, the ﬁlm-makers were in touch to say they wanted to cast all four children. (“It was Shaun we cast ﬁrst,” Winterbottom tells me later. “He has this amazing face: there’s
16 The Guardian 16.10.12
something natural, but also something so expressive. But of course all the children were great.”) Their parents were hesitant. “We just thought they were weirdos,” their father, Colin, says bluntly. “When we ﬁrst heard about the ﬁlm I said, ‘Does that sound a bit weird or what?’ We had to check up on the internet, make sure they were genuine.” Their fears were allayed when Winterbottom visited to explain what the project would entail, and what he hoped it would produce. “And they seemed genuine,” says Colin. “Just nice people. So I said to the kids, ‘Do you want to make a ﬁlm?’ They said ‘Dunno.’ So I explained what it was about and they said, ‘Yeah, all right.’” Filming began a few months later, with the family home doubling as a location. Winterbottom issued the parents with strict instructions not to redecorate for ﬁve years, though they rebelled after two (“because it was falling to bits,” says Robert). Sometimes a shoot would last a week, sometimes three or four days – but they started at 6am and ran late into the evening. Sarah says the children had breaks and plenty of sweets, but often the camera shows them looking exhausted and tearful. At times, the children say, they grew frustrated by all the repetition. “Doing it over and over and over,” sighs Robert, now 12. “Once you’ve done it six times you’d think, that’s enough, but they’d do it more.” Stephanie, 14, nods. “And it’s quite hard,” she says, “because you don’t have a script, or a set line to say each time.” Robert recalls how on one occasion he insisted Winterbottom simply stop. “I told him, ‘I’ve had enough, I want to go to bed,’” he says. “‘He said, ‘One more,’ and then he did another three takes.” The children laugh. “But Michael knew what he was doing,” says Stephanie, “so we shouldn’t really interfere.” Some of the most moving scenes cover the sporadic visits to Simm in prison: the early starts, Henderson battling through wind and rain, the children trailing behind her. We see the young Shaun hurling himself at Simm’s legs with a sobbed “Dad!” Later, an exhausted Katrina sits amid this dark, adult world and bursts into tears. “Well, I didn’t really know what a prison looked like when I was little, so when I ﬁrst went in I thought: ‘scary’,” Katrina says. “It deﬁnitely smelled strange. It smelled damp.” Then there were the actual prisoners, too – some of whom worked as extras. She was tired that day, and still only four years old. “All these people were banging on their cell walls,” adds Stephanie. “We were all pretty scared.”
But the prize for on-screen crying has to go to Shaun. His huge blue eyes well up throughout the ﬁlm, from those prison visits to being made to eat shepherd’s pie. “At ﬁrst I did actually cry,” he says, “but then Michael wanted me to keep on doing it, so then I kept on making myself cry. Michael said to think of something that will upset you. I just thought and thought, and then the last thing that popped into my head made me start crying. I’m not sure what it was – I’ve forgotten.” “The great worry of ﬁlm-making is the impact it will have on the children,” Winterbottom says. “But because this was made over a long period of time, I think it’s been a good thing for them, too.” It was only once ﬁlming ﬁnished that he realised what a large part they had played in the children’s lives: “We visited them perhaps once every six months,” he says. “And it’s strange, it’s like having your own children – you don’t notice them growing up, it’s very incremental. But then you watch it back and you realise Shaun was still in nappies when we started ﬁlming.” The children were given few lines and little direction, and as a result have an easy on-screen presence. “They said, ‘Just be yourselves, act natural,’” Shaun remembers. For Robert, there was the delight of being encouraged to misbehave: his character dabbles in petty theft, ﬁghts, stays out late. “Michael didn’t really explain it,” Robert says. “He just said, ‘Be naughty.’ The naughtiest thing I did was go out to the forest, and I came back really late. I was out till about nine.” When he does return, he is shown carrying a squirrel he has shot with his father’s riﬂe. “Some other people shot it,” he explains. “I just had to carry it. It felt like a cat, a bit heavy.” The on-screen bond between Simm, Henderson and the children is tangible; their real-life father says it was strange to see his children refer so
Silver screen siblings … (main image from left) Stephanie, Robert, Shaun and Katrina Kirk; (above) with Shirley Henderson in Everyday
MAIN PHOTOGRAPH SARAH LEE FOR THE GUARDIAN
‘It was like watching your own children grow up. Shaun was still in nappies when we started’
easily to another man as ‘Dad’. Simm and Henderson visited before ﬁlming began. They were nervous to have such famous actors in the house, the children say. “I had seen Shirley in Harry Potter and John in Doctor Who,” Robert says. Simm took the boys out to Wells-next-the-Sea. “We went down to the Pop Inn cafe,” Sarah says, “where they have little 2p machines, and we bought ice creams.” Katrina laughed the ﬁrst time she watched the ﬁlm, set oﬀ by Shaun impersonating Homer Simpson on the big screen. Shaun himself was mesmerised: “I didn’t really know what I looked like when I was young, and growing up and up and up and up,” he says. “I was just really amazed to see myself four or ﬁve years old.” Their mother was in ﬂoods. “I cried the whole way through,” she laughs. “Colin did as well. And he never cries. But he took a glance at me and saw me with the tissues and it set him oﬀ.” The experience of ﬁlming has changed the children, their parents say. “I think they’re better at lying,” Colin smiles. “And you’re a bit more conﬁdent now, aren’t you?” Sarah says to Katrina. They will not discuss money, “but they’ve been made comfortable,” Colin says. “Put it that way.” Winterbottom ﬁlmed at the children’s schools: shots of lunchtime football, carol concerts, the morning drop-oﬀ, the afternoon collection. The children were also allowed time oﬀ to attend ﬁlm festivals. But some of their classmates have been less understanding. “They didn’t believe me [that I was in a ﬁlm],” Robert says, with a prickle of frustration. “I was telling them and they were all like, ‘No you’re not, no you’re not.’” The children hope that when the ﬁlm screens this autumn on Channel 4 – which part-funded the project as a way of exploring the impact on families of jail time – they might be vindicated. Already there have been screenings at the Telluride and Toronto ﬁlm festivals, for which the family got passports and ﬂew for the ﬁrst time. “Telluride was lovely,” says Sarah. “We had three big bedrooms, and a big spa bath, which you decided to try out, didn’t you?” She nudges Shaun. “But he mucked it up,” Katrina giggles. “He turned it on with all the jets going the wrong way,” Colin explains. This week they will be in London, and tomorrow will walk the red carpet and try not to get overawed by the crowds and ﬂashing cameras. The children have been practising their autographs. Will their ﬁlm win the festival’s top prize? Robert gives a faint frown. “Probably,” he says. “Probably.”
16.10.12 The Guardian 17
here was an audible intake of breath when the Sainsbury Laboratory, by Stanton Williams, was announced as the Stirling prize winner in Manchester on Saturday night. It was neither the critics’ favourite, nor the bookies’, nor did it come anywhere near the top of public polls. Most people in the room – including many of the critics – hadn’t even been to see it. The Lyric theatre in Belfast, by O’Donnell and Tuomey, had wowed the press. Designed from the inside out, it takes you on a three-dimensional journey through a masterfully crafted sequence of spaces, built on a challenging hillside site for only £18m. The Hepworth gallery in Wakeﬁeld, by David Chipperﬁeld, was the most photogenic, a cluster of chiselled concrete containers rising from the River Calder; the Olympic Stadium, by the appropriately named Populous, was the people’s choice, bathed in the afterglow of televised spectacle – and a ﬁne thing it is, the lightest and leanest of its kind. But instead of these, the building of the year was a project that has received few headlines: the swish Rolls-Royce of science laboratories, an £82m new facility in Cambridge University’s Botanic Garden. Here Stanton Williams has recast what might once have been an anonymous prefab shed into nothing short of a temple to botany. “Plant science is often seen as the poor cousin of the sciences,” said architect Alan Stanton on Saturday night, explaining how the building has become a recruiting tool, luring scientists from across the world. “It’s actually an area of fantastic potential development, and of course vital for the sustainable future for the planet.” After visiting this complex, amply funded by Lord Sainsbury’s Gatsby foundation, “poor” is one of the last words I would use to describe the current state of plant science. The site has long been a cradle of botanical research, since the university gardens were established in the 1830s
Hovering over the place where Darwin strolled and thought, this £82m lab is a worthy winner of the big prize in architecture, says Oliver Wainwright
In Darwin’s footsteps
by John Stevens Henslow, tutor of Charles Darwin. Conceived as a practical outdoor lab, the gardens were planted with exotic trees and herbaceous “systematic beds”, all laid out according to Henslow’s theory of species. It was while meandering along the paths in the garden that Darwin and Henslow would debate such theories; and it is this Aristotelian tradition of strolling, deep in discussion, that the architects have tried to manifest. The lab sits in the “working” part of the garden, and has a monumental
It’s a far cry from the usual research warren of corridors and closed doors
presence, composed in the planar language of high modernism that Stanton Williams has reﬁned over its 27 years. A frieze of buttery limestone ﬁns marches along the ﬁrst ﬂoor, deﬁning this upper level of laboratory spaces, held taut between two crisp concrete planes. This horizontal beam appears to ﬂoat, cantilevered out above a sunken ground ﬂoor. The interior is planned around a double-height “internal street” that frames an open courtyard, fully glazed to allow views to diﬀerent parts of the building. It is a form that draws on a long history, from the Greek stoa to monastic cloister and collegiate quad, of semi-enclosed, contemplative spaces – here enlivened by a cafe, which gives the institution a welcome public face. Within, the building’s main spaces are linked by a continuous route, inspired by Darwin’s “thinking path” and designed to promote chance encounters, dotted with informal areas to sit and chat. Wooden cubbyholes line the ﬁrst-ﬂoor windows, while staircases are broad, allowing two people to walk and talk side by side. The labs are airy, ﬂooded with natural light from curved funnels, with glazed walls to let other people see what’s going on – a far cry from the usual research warrens of corridors and closed doors behind which new discoveries are squirreled away. It is hoped this open layout will foster more collaborative working. Stirling judge Joanna van Heyningen praised “the lifting of a building type that could have been utilitarian into … a sublime piece of calm and beautiful architecture”. Perhaps that is enough to make it a winner. Too often, the Stirling shortlist favours arts and cultural buildings over ones that perform complex functions or provide routine backdrops to our lives. And while it might be hard for the Sainsbury Laboratory to have gone badly wrong – given the generous patronage, enlightened client and dream site – Stanton Williams’s achievement could have an important inﬂuence beyond this one building.
18 The Guardian 16.10.12
How we made ... Play School ‘I was permanently stressed and hysterical. Anything could happen. We killed a mouse once’
Joy Whitby, creator and producer
BBC2 was supposed to launch on the night of 20 April 1964 but there was a huge power cut, which meant Play School went out the following morning as its very ﬁrst programme. It made headlines and a year later won an SFTA, now known as a Bafta. There was a dearth of nursery education at the time, and all the TV programmes, such as Andy Pandy, were “canned” series that had been ﬁlmed long ago. There was no fresh thinking. Play School, a half-hour programme airing every week day, was meant to change all that. I’d written a report on Watch with Mother and was given the job of producer, with a free rein. I wrote the ﬁrst six weeks of shows and came up with all the key elements: the story chair, the clock, the windows. I was keen to address one child, not several; a lot of programmes would say, “Are you all listening?” when actually a small child thinks of a show as coming directly to him or her. When Brian Cant came to audition, I asked him to sit in a cardboard box and imagine going on a journey. He ‘You’d enjoy it if she came to tea’ … Phyllida Law and Gordon Rollings in Play School, 1964 sailed away with a broomstick and found, he said, a wellington boot full of custard. He became Mr Play School – staying for 21 of the show’s 24 years. When Eric Thompson came on board, a colleague said: “You’re right to have Eric, but do you know about his wife?” So Phyllida Law joined and became one of the most delightful presenters. She had the qualities I looked for, in that you’d really enjoy it if she came to tea. At the time, people were becoming self-conscious about middle-class values. They thought our toys, like Humpty Dumpty, were too middle class. So we introduced a very ugly, beaten-about doll called Hamble (“humble”). The presenters disliked her intensely. During a break in shooting, Julie Stevens once made her do a striptease to music. I’d be terriﬁed going in, wondering if I’d get through all the stress. But if I got frustrated, I’d just punch Hamble, the doll with the squashed face. She couldn’t sit up and that’s not helpful. You never knew what was going to hit you. If Eric, my husband, said something like “Knick-knack up against a tree”, I would ﬁnd it vaguely obscene and start to shriek with laughter. And anything could happen, with Plasticine or mice. We killed a mouse once. A beautiful little white mouse whose keeper came along to sedate it so that it slept. It was put on a velvet cushion and I had to present it to the king or queen. I think if you kissed it, it became a prince or something. But anyway, I do remember the whole thing because the poor mouse had too much sedative and died. It wasn’t my fault, but I was walking towards the throne thinking: “What if the children knew I was acting with a dead mouse?”
Interviews by Sarah Williams. Joy Whitby is giving a talk about her career at the BFI, London SE1 (bﬁ.org.uk), in February.
‘If I got frustrated, I’d just punch Hamble’
Phyllida Law, presenter
It was chaotic: ﬁlming ﬁve 30-minute programmes in two days. Although you had scripts, you improvised a lot. And you had to sing, of course, without laughing. I was permanently hysterical.
16.10.12 The Guardian 19
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ROCK OF AGES
THE SMASH HIT MUSICAL
’ve heard people say mean things about Made in Chelsea (E4) – that it’s just about a bunch of vapid posh tossers doing nothing very much, and is neither reality nor drama. Which, to be fair, is hard to argue with. But they are rather magniﬁcent posh tossers, no? Such beautiful teeth, and lovely shiny hair. And they don’t quite do nothing – they kiss each other, they have drinks, then they kiss each other in a diﬀerent way. More seriously though, I think it gives the less privileged, with less shiny hair and snaggled teeth, something to strive towards. It’s aspirational. I have a teenage niece who is obsessed with MiC. Her ambition is one day to drink by a pool in St Tropez, and to kiss a boy with a Ferrari, who may be her boyfriend, or someone else’s, it doesn’t matter in Chelsea, or St Tropez. And to think, she used to say she wanted to be a doctor. Ha, so much work, and where’s the fun? We are in St Tropez as it happens, for this new series opener. Jamie, the bleached blond biscuit heir, is going through a lady drought – a hosepipe ban, jokes one of his ﬂoppy-haired pals. There was a complicated love triangle going on, between Jamie, lovely Louise and hotel heir Spencer, but it seems Louise is back with Spencer. Or is she, because this new chap Andy is cracking on to her now. Does that make it a love rectangle? To be honest, the whole of MiC is one big, multi-sided love polygon – a dodecadent-sexagon – that’s half the fun. I wouldn’t mind getting involved myself, though I am with someone (it doesn’t stop them), a bit (OK a lot) too old, I don’t have the teeth, or the hair, or the postcode. Nor am I heir to any major fortunes. Perhaps I’ll start a new show, Made in Dollis Hill, similar but set a few miles north, starring me, my neighbours, John the greengrocer, with his van. Just an idea, if there are any TV producers reading.
One big, multi-sided love polygon … Made in Chelsea takes Andy aside. Bro, dude, if Andy wants to crack on and go head to head on it, that’s ﬁne, but he’s going to lose. Meanwhile back in London, Proudlock, or Proudcock, is planning a party; Binky or Bonky (or possibly Cheska) is having a driving lesson; someone else is arranging to go for drinks so everyone can meet Ianthe, who’s amazing, we’re going to love her (I already do); and Ollie – he of the amazing hair – has an announcement to make: he’s having it – the hair – cut. Noooooo! It’s so magniﬁcent, like the swishing mane of a thoroughbred stallion … Too late, snip snip, oﬀ it comes. Well, at least it’s a good excuse for everyone to go for drinks. We’re still in London for Wonderland: Walking with Dogs (BBC2). On Hampstead Heath, where ﬁlmmaker Vanessa Engle is lurking with her camera. Lurking and making the most of the universal truth that states that a person with a dog can be – and wants to be – approached for a chat. There surely must have been some serious culling, of dull doggy stories (we got him because there was a litter up the road, the kids nagged and nagged until we caved in, that kind of thing). Because everything that remains is a little bit extraordinary. These dogs – Lilliput, Bella, Buddy, Aubergine, Zen, Rick, Nigel etc – don’t just run about and fetch sticks for their owners (of course the ﬁlm is really about the owners). They are the sticks, the crutches, that these people need to get along. They are also guard dogs; they protect their owners not so much from other people but from themselves; they fend oﬀ demons. They are substitutes too – for people who used to exist, or will never exist, or exist in a diﬀerent way from how they used to exist. And they’re wonderful – the dogs, their owner, the ﬁlm, all of it.
Last night's TV Made in Chelsea is back and Andy is preparing to jump into the polar bear’s nest …
By Sam Wollaston
Anyway, Andy’s got a boat. Jamie’s liking the boat, he says, but dude, where are the girls? Dude, Andy got the boat, he didn’t get the girls, he can’t do both. They have a drink, to celebrate having a boat and to make up for the girl drought. Here are the girls, later, having drinks at the hotel, where Victoria is launching her swimwear collection. Spencer has now heard that Andy, who got the boat remember, has been cracking on to Louise, even though Jamie warned him it would be like jumping into a polar bear’s nest. A polar bear’s nest? Because that’s the most dangerous animal, bro, says Jamie. Spencer thought it was a hippo, bro. Anyway, that’s not the point, the point is that he – polar bear, hippo, gorilla, whatever – isn’t happy about Andy cracking on to his bird. He
AND ANOTHER THING
How about this for another TV idea: Badger Cull Live – it’s kind of like Autumn Watch meets Homeland. Anyone?
16.10.12 The Guardian 21
TV and radio
Film of the day The Gingerbread Man (11.40pm, BBC1) Kenneth Branagh plays an American deep south variation on Wallander as lawyer Rick Magruder, in Robert Altman’s intriguingly chaotic adaptation of the Grisham novel.
6.0pm BBC News (S) (Followed by Weather.) 6.30 Regional News Programmes (S) (Followed by Weather.)
6.0pm Eggheads (R) (S) 6.30 Strictly Come Dancing — It Takes Two (S) Presented by Zoe Ball. 7.0 The Hairy Bikers: Mums Know Best (R) (S) Si King and Dave Myers visit three mothers to sample recipes that evoke the taste of home.
6.0pm Local News (S) (Followed by Weather.) 6.30 ITV News And Weather (S)
6.0pm The Simpsons (R) (S) (AD) Homer becomes an opera star. 6.30 Hollyoaks (S) (AD)
The Great British Bake Oﬀ, BBC2
The Great British Bake Oﬀ 8pm, BBC2
A nation gripped by soggy bottoms and Mary Berry’s wardrobe sits on the edge of its collective sofa for the big ﬁnal. Baking Bieber-alike John, tank top-wearing James and divo of detail Brendan have made it this far, but they must pull oﬀ three complicated technical challenges on the last stretch. Their pastry skills are tested to the limit with a pithivier and the dreaded fondant fancies, followed by the creation of a masterpiece from chiﬀon sponge. Fridge and pray, people. Fridge. And. Pray. Hannah Verdier was the singer like oﬀstage? Surprisingly shy and prone to moments of cattiness, to judge by the interviews in this documentary. For all that the narrative leads up to Mercury’s death from Aids – at a time when prejudice surrounded the condition – there are funny moments: recording with Michael Jackson, we learn, was tough on account of Jacko’s llama. Jonathan Wright
7.0 The One Show (S) Presented by Matt Baker and Alex Jones. 7.30 EastEnders (S) (AD) Syed ﬁnally owns up to Christian about the ﬁnancial mess he has got the family into. (Followed by BBC News; Regional News.) 8.0 Holby City (S) (AD) Hanssen struggles to cope as the press descends on Holby. Meanwhile, Elliot is shocked by Tara’s treatment of a patient who is refusing surgery.
7.0 Emmerdale (S) (AD) 7.30 Live International Football (S) Poland v England (Kick-oﬀ 8.00pm). Coverage of the 2014 World Cup Group H qualiﬁer from Warsaw.
7.0 Channel 4 News (S) 7.55 Stand Up To Cancer (S) A family from Swindon discuss how they coped with the loss of their 10year-old daughter Ruby, who died from a brain tumour. 8.0 Double Your House For Half The Money (S) Sarah Beeny helps a Kent woman transform her 1960s bungalow into a four-bedroom home. Last in the series.
8.0 The Great British Bake Oﬀ (S) Mel Giedroyc and Sue Perkins host the ﬁnal, in which the three remaining bakers attempt to make perfect puﬀ-pastry pies, fondant fancies and chiﬀon sponges. 9.0 Ian Hislop’s Stiﬀ Upper Lip — An Emotional History Of Britain (S) (AD) The presenter explores how the British expressed their feelings throughout the 20th century. Last in the series. 10.0 Later Live — With Jools Holland (S) With Madness, Grizzly Bear, Diana Krall, Willy Moon and Zimbabwe afro-fusion outﬁt Mokoomba. 10.30 Newsnight (S) With Kirsty Wark. (Followed by Weather.) 11.20 The Choir: Sing While You Work (R) (S) (AD) Gareth Malone meets the staﬀ of Severn Trent Water as he sets up the last of his four workplace choirs. 10.10 ITV News And Weather (S) 10.45 Local News/ Weather (S) 10.50 International Football Highlights (S) Poland v England. Highlights of the 2014 World Cup Group H qualiﬁer. 11.50 Take Me Out (R) (S) Eligible bachelors try to impress 30 single women. Hosted by Paddy McGuinness.
Order and Disorder with Jim Al-Khalili 9pm, BBC4
A ﬁlm about the story of energy. Or, as they say in TV land: “How we discovered the rules that govern the universe.” Here, Professor Jim Al-Khalili does a great job of explaining that it is a long process from a scientist having a lightbulb moment to that idea having a genuine eﬀect on the wider world. From Leibniz’s idea of the world as a “living machine”, through to steam power and what we now call “thermodynamics”, the realisation that energy isn’t created or destroyed but instead transferred is a satisfying discovery to watch. John Robinson
9.0 The Paradise (S) (AD) Denise and Clara compete to become temporary head of ladieswear when Miss Audrey takes to her bed with a mysterious illness.
9.0 Jewish Mum Of The Year (S) The six remaining mothers in the competition attempt to ﬁnd the perfect partner for 29-year-old Nicola.
Fresh Meat 10pm, Channel 4
Term two trundles on, with Heather increasingly attached to Kingsley, much to the chagrin of BFF Josie. JP is bedridden with mumps, with Vod the only person who can safely care for him. Howard becomes paranoid about household security after getting mugged for his shoes, leading to new housemate/emotion-vacuum Sabine giving self-defence lessons to the girls. As ever, a huge amount packed into the hour, with not a single sub-plot left wanting. Mark Jones
10.0 BBC News (S) 10.25 Regional News And Weather (S) 10.35 Freddie Mercury: The Great Pretender — An Imagine Special (S) Proﬁle of the Queen frontman.
10.0 Fresh Meat (S) (AD) A series of muggings leaves the friends concerned. 10.55 Homeland (R) (S) Carrie becomes involved in an operation that may neutralise the threat posed by Abu Nazir. 11.55 Random Acts (S) Established artists and amateurs showcase their threeminute ﬁlms, chosen for bold and original expressions of creativity.
11.40 The Gingerbread Man (Robert Altman, 1998) (S) A lawyer vows to bring his girlfriend’s abusive father to justice. Enticing legal thriller, with Kenneth Branagh and Embeth Davidtz.
6.30 Breakfast. Sara Mohr-Pietsch presents another instalment of Peter Donohoe’s 50 Great Pianists at 8.30 as part of the BBC’s Piano Season. 9.0 Essential Classics. Sarah Walker presents the Essential CD of the Week: The Italian Collection by the Sixteen, and novelist Howard Jacobson discusses his favourite pieces of classical music. 12.0 Composers Of The Week: Granados & Albeniz. Donald Macleod tells the story of the composers’
Freddie Mercury: the Great Pretender – an Imagine Special 10.35pm, BBC1
Queen frontman Freddie Mercury’s audience-eatingout-of-his-hand Live Aid performance cemented his reputation as one of rock’s great frontmen. But what
Freddie Mercury, BBC1
involvement in Felipe Pedrell’s quest for a Spanish national style of music, which would draw on the country’s musical heritage. 1.0 Radio 3 Lunchtime Concert. In the ﬁrst of four concerts this week from LSO St Luke’s featuring Bach solo music, pianist Cedric Tiberghien plays major-key Preludes and Fugues from Book 2 of the composer’s 48. 2.0 Afternoon On 3. Thomas Sondergard conducts the BBC National Orchestra of Wales in a live concert at BBC Hoddinott Hall, and Penny Gore continues the Romantic Piano Concertos series. 4.30 In Tune. Suzy Klein presents the world broadcast premiere of part of a newly discovered Vivaldi violin sonata, performed by
the Amade Players. Cellist Thomas Demenga also performs live. 6.0 Composers Of The Week: Granados & Albeniz. (R) 7.0 Opera On 3. Wagner’s Das Rheingold, with Bryn Terfel (Wotan), Wolfgang Koch (Alberich) and Stig Andersen (Loge). Antonio Pappano conducts the Orchestra of the Royal Opera House. 10.45 The Essay. Archaeologist Helena Hamerow tells the story of the peasant farmers who shaped the English landscape as people know it today, describing their homes, diets and harsh everyday lives. 11.0 Late Junction. Verity Sharp presents music by Jonathan Harvey, the work of Renaissance composer Gesualdo, and zydeco from
Walter Mouton and the Scott Playboys. 12.30 Through The Night. Including music by Klicka, Tichy, Suchon, Wiedermann, Guilmant, Saint-Saens, Bacewicz, Bach, Mehul, Wolf, Weber, Rosenmuller, Glinka, Glazunov, Chopin, Kunzen and Walpurgis.
92.4-94.6 MHz; 198kHz
6.0 Today. 8.31 (LW) Yesterday In Parliament. 8.58 (LW) Weather 9.0 The Life Scientiﬁc. An investigation of evidence for life on Mars. Last in the series. 9.30 (LW) One To One. Kate Silverton explores the fear of failure. 9.30 (FM) One To One. Kate Silverton explores the fear of failure. Last in the series. 9.45 (LW) Daily Service. 9.45 (FM)
22 The Guardian 16.10.12
Full TV listings For comprehensive programme details see the Guardian Guide every Saturday or go to tvlistings.guardian.co.uk/
6.0pm Home And Away (R) (S) (AD) Jett spends one last day with John and Gina. 6.30 5 News At 6.30 (S) 7.0 New Highland Emergency (S) The work of the emergency services in the Scottish Highlands. 7.30 New Highland Emergency (S)
6.50pm Come Dine With Me (R) (S) Avonmouth near Bristol is the setting for this edition.
6.0pm House (R) The doctors are baﬄed by a patient who leads an unorthodox life.
E4 6.0pm The Big Bang Theory. Penny appears in a musical. 6.30 The Big Bang Theory. Penny volunteers to nurse Sheldon. 7.0 Hollyoaks. Cindy learns about Tony’s plan to buy Atwell’s. 7.30 How I Met Your Mother. Barney and Abby bond over their hatred of Ted. 8.0 The Big Bang Theory. The arrival of Sheldon’s twin sister causes a stir. 8.30 Suburgatory. Tessa runs for student body president. 9.0 New Girl. The ﬂatmates attend a wedding. 9.30 27 Dresses. Romantic comedy, starring Katherine Heigl and James Marsden. 11.45 The Big Bang Theory. Penny appears in a musical. Film4 6.55pm Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. Sci-ﬁ sequel, starring William Shatner. 9.0 Kiss The Girls. Thriller, starring Morgan Freeman. 11.15 Lucky Number Slevin. Crime thriller, starring Josh Hartnett. FX 6.0pm Leverage. The team tries to expose a corrupt PR agent’s hidden secrets. 7.0 NCIS. The team tries to catch a spy. 8.0 NCIS. The team tries to stop a criminal stealing government secrets. 9.0 True Blood. Sookie becomes involved in Bill and Eric’s mission to find Russell Edgington. 10.0 The Cleveland Show. Cleveland reveals the truth about Rallo’s father. 10.30 The Cleveland Show. Cleveland visits his old high school. 11.0 Family Guy. Peter and his friends tour a local brewery. 11.30 Family Guy. Peter urges Chris to become more responsible. 12.0 American Dad! Stan meets his hero — George W Bush. ITV2 6.0pm The Jeremy Kyle Show USA. The host takes his successful talk-show stateside. 7.0 Take Me Out. Contestants include twins hoping to win a double date. 8.15 Take Me Out — The Gossip. Behind the scenes of the ITV1 dating show. 9.0 40 Days And 40 Nights. Romantic comedy, starring Josh Hartnett and Shannyn Sossamon. 10.55 Celebrity Juice. With Conor Maynard and Chris Ramsey. 11.40 The X Factor Results. News Quiz Extra 2.45 The Shuttleworths 3.0 Fame Is The Spur 4.0 Bullﬁghting 4.15 The No.1 Ladies’ Detective Agency 5.0 Flying The Flag 5.30 Babblewick Hall With performances by Taylor Swift and Rebecca Ferguson. Sky1 6.0pm Last Man Standing. Mandy announces her plans to become a vegan. 6.30 The Simpsons. The family is stranded in Japan. 7.0 The Simpsons. Marge bumps into an old school friend. 7.30 The Simpsons. Homer becomes an inventor. 8.0 Road Wars. Thames Valley Police combat vehicle crime. 9.0 Strike Back: Vengeance. Matlock and his men break a political prisoner out of jail. 10.0 Cop Squad. The work of police oﬃcers in Cambridgeshire. 11.0 Road Wars. Police oﬃcers combat vehicle crime. 12.0 Dog The Bounty Hunter. The gang chases a vicious femme fatale. Sky Arts 1 6.0pm Spectacle: Elvis Costello With Renee Fleming. American soprano Renee Fleming performs. 7.0 Art Of The Heist. An elaborate sting operation in Miami. 8.0 British Legends Of Stage And Screen. Glenda Jackson discusses her life in acting and politics. 9.0 Romanzo Criminale. Bufalo tries to plead insanity. 10.0 Guitar Stories: Mark Knopﬂer. Six instruments that deﬁned the Dire Straits frontman’s sound. 11.0 Elvis Costello In Montreal. Concert by the singer-songwriter. 12.0 British Legends Of Stage And Screen. Glenda Jackson discusses her life in acting and politics. TCM 6.35pm The Champ. Drama, starring Jon Voight. 9.0 The Fugitive. Thriller, starring Harrison Ford. 11.30 The Newton Boys. Fact-based gangster drama, starring Matthew McConaughey.
7.0pm Total Wipeout (R) (S) Richard Hammond and Amanda Byram host as 20 more contestants compete in physically demanding games on the purpose-built obstacle course.
7.0pm World News Today (S) (Followed by Weather.) 7.30 Great British Railway Journeys (R) (S) (AD) Michael Portillo discovers how trains spread the reputation of Oban whisky. 8.0 Lost Cities Of The Ancients (R) (S) Focusing on the discoveries made by archaeologists who uncovered the lost city of Hattusha.
7.55 Kevin McCloud’s Man Made Home (R) (S) (AD) The Grand Designs presenter builds an oak-framed mobile cabin using recycled materials.
7.0 House (R) (S) (AD) The medic treats an ailing groom-to-be who harbours secrets from a previous relationship.
8.0 Serial Killing Saviour: Born To Kill? (S) Examining the psychology of Herbert William Mullin, who murdered 13 people in the early 1970s but claimed his victims were sacriﬁced to save the lives of others. 9.0 Person Of Interest (S) Reese and Finch are puzzled when the machine brings up four numbers at once.
8.0 UFOs: Conspiracy Road Trip (R) (S) Andrew Maxwell travels from Los Angeles to Area 51 with ﬁve people who believe in the extraterrestrials. Last in the series.
8.0 Friday Night Lights (R) (S) Smash faces questioning from the police after the incident at the cinema.
9.0 Don’t Tell The Bride (S) A Liverpool man with Ghanaian roots plans an African celebration.
9.0 Order And Disorder With Jim Al-Khalili (S) (AD) The theoretical physicist recounts the story of how the rules of the universe were discovered.
9.0 Sarah Beeny’s Selling Houses (S) New series. The presenter helps people sell their properties by giving them a chance to look around each other’s houses for improvement ideas.
9.0 Awake (R) (S) Britten once again investigates two very diﬀerent murders in the alternate realities.
10.0 CSI: NY (R) (S) (AD) The recovery of a stolen pocket watch provides clues to a missing-persons case from the 1930s. 10.55 CSI: NY (R) (S) (AD) Mac investigates three seemingly unrelated murders. 11.50 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (R) (S) (AD) Roger Daltrey of The Who guest stars as Mickey Dunn, a mobster who returns to Las Vegas determined to settle old scores against his former allies.
Book Of The Week: Nancy — The Story Of Lady Astor. Written by Adrian Fort, abridged by Alison Joseph. 10.0 Woman’s Hour. 11.0 Saving Species. An investigation into whether nature ﬁlms beneﬁt conservation. 11.30 Spellbound: Siouxsie And The Banshees 12.0 News 12.04 Call You And Yours. PHONE: 0370 010 0444 (Lines open from 10am) email: youandyours@bbc. co.uk. 12.57 Weather 1.0 The World At One. 1.45 China: As History Is My Witness. The story of Li Bai. 2.0 The Archers. Jim tells a white lie. (R) 2.15 Afternoon Drama: Rock And Doris And Elizabeth. Tracy-Ann Oberman’s play about Hollywood. Starring Frances Barber. 3.0 Short Cuts. Nina
10.0 Cuckoo (S) (AD) The family visits Lorna’s father. 10.30 EastEnders (R) (S) (AD) Syed ﬁnally owns up to Christian about the ﬁnancial mess he has got the family into.
10.0 Lilyhammer (S) (AD) Old New York associates trace Frank to Norway. 10.45 The Goddess Of Art: Marina Abramovic (S) An insight into the work of the artist.
10.0 Jews At Ten (S) Examining the concept of marrying in and out of the Jewish faith, and the intensity of motherly love. 10.35 Curb Your Enthusiasm (R) (S) (AD) Larry gets into an argument. 11.15 Embarrassing Bodies (R) (S) Farmers get advice on sexually transmitted infections.
10.0 House Of Lies (S) Marty ﬁnds his position under threat when adversary Greg Norbert announces his ﬁrm is considering a takeover bid. 10.35 Nurse Jackie (S) Rehab proves tough for Jackie. 11.10 Mad Men (R) (S) Roger orders Don to have lunch with Duck so they can make peace over the American Airlines debacle. Meanwhile Playtex takes the staﬀ out to a strip club.
11.0 Family Guy (R) (S) Peter realises that Chris is irresponsible. 11.25 Family Guy (R) (S) Brian is awarded a job as a sniﬀer dog for the Quahog police department. 11.45 American Dad! (R) (S)
Garthwaite presents short documentaries about darkness. Last in the series. 3.30 Costing The Earth. Tom Heap investigates the disastrous global harvest of 2012. 4.0 Law In Action. New series. The future of the families of those who died at Hillsborough. 4.30 A Good Read. With Michael Darrington and Terri Duhon. 5.0 PM. 5.57 Weather 6.0 Six O’Clock News 6.30 Rudy’s Rare Records. Adam enters the record shop into a competition for Best Local Business. 7.0 The Archers. Ed searches for a way out. 7.15 Front Row. With Graham Norton. 7.45 The Lost Honour Of Katharina Blum. By Heinrich Boll. 8.0 File On 4. Threats to Arab Spring countries by the
11.45 Timeshift: Klezmer (R) (S) The evolution of the music genre, from its Jewish folk origins to its current worldwide presence. Narrated by Michael Grade.
Glenda Jackson, Sky Arts 1
Salaﬁst movement. 8.40 In Touch. Presented by Peter White. 9.0 Inside Health. Dr Mark Porter separates medical fact from ﬁction. 9.30 The Life Scientiﬁc. An investigation of evidence for life on Mars. (R) 9.59 Weather 10.0 The World Tonight. 10.45 Book At Bedtime: The Midwife’s Daughter. Patricia Ferguson’s novel, abridged by Robin Brooks. 11.0 Clayton Grange. By Neil Warhurst, with additional material by Paul Barnhill. Last in the series. 11.30 Today In Parliament. With Susan Hulme. 12.0 News And Weather 12.30 Book Of The Week: Nancy — The Story Of Lady Astor. Written by Adrian Fort, abridged by Alison Joseph. (R) 12.48 Shipping Forecast
Radio 4 Extra
6.0 The Keys To The Street 6.30 Beggars Banquet 6.45 Dick Barton — Special Agent: The Paris Adventure 7.0 Babblewick Hall 7.30 Rudy’s Rare Records 8.0 The Goon Show 8.30 Listen To Les 9.0 The News Quiz Extra 9.45 The Shuttleworths 10.0 Fame Is The Spur 11.0 Bullﬁghting 11.15 The No.1 Ladies’ Detective Agency 12.0 The Goon Show 12.30 Listen To Les 1.0 The Keys To The Street 1.30 Beggars Banquet 1.45 Dick Barton — Special Agent: The Paris Adventure 2.0 Speaking For Themselves 2.15 Shakespeare’s Restless World 2.30 Marrying The Mistress 2.45 Amadeus
3.0 Fame Is The Spur 4.0 The 4 O’Clock Show 5.0 Flying The Flag 5.30 Babblewick Hall 6.0 Journey Into Space 6.30 Weird Tales 7.0 The Goon Show 7.30 Listen To Les 8.0 The Keys To The Street 8.30 Beggars Banquet 8.45 Dick Barton — Special Agent: The Paris Adventure 9.0 Bullﬁghting 9.15 The No.1 Ladies’ Detective Agency 10.0 Comedy Club: Rudy’s Rare Records 10.30 I’ve Never Seen Star Wars 11.0 Acropolis Now 11.30 The Masterson Inheritance 12.0 Journey Into Space 12.30 Weird Tales 1.0 The Keys To The Street 1.30 Beggars Banquet 1.45 Dick Barton — Special Agent: The Paris Adventure 2.0 The
Digital and 198 kHz after R4
8.30 Business Daily 8.50 From Our Own Correspondent 9.0 News 9.06 The Documentary 9.30 The Strand 9.50 Witness 10.0 World Update 11.0 World Brieﬁng 11.30 Discovery 11.50 From Our Own Correspondent 12.0 World Have Your Say 12.30 Business Daily 12.50 Sports News 1.0 News 1.06 The Documentary 1.30 Outlook 2.0 Newshour 3.0
World Brieﬁng 3.30 The Strand 3.50 From Our Own Correspondent 4.0 News 4.06 The Documentary 4.30 Sport Today 4.50 Witness 5.0 World Brieﬁng 5.30 World Business Report 6.0 World Have Your Say 7.0 World Brieﬁng 7.30 Click 7.50 From Our Own Correspondent 8.0 News 8.06 The Documentary 8.30 Outlook 9.0 Newshour 10.0 World Brieﬁng 10.30 World Business Report 11.0 World Brieﬁng 11.30 The Strand 11.50 Sports News 12.0 World Brieﬁng 12.30 Outlook 1.0 World Brieﬁng 1.30 World Business Report 1.50 From Our Own Correspondent 2.0 News 2.06 Newsday 3.0 Newsday 3.30 The Strand 3.50 Witness 4.0 Newsday 4.30 Click 4.50 From Our Own Correspondent 5.0 Newsday
16.10.12 The Guardian 23
On the web For tips and all manner of crossword debates go to guardian.co.uk/crosswords
Quick crossword no 13,241
1 Defensive trench (4) 3 Ancient language of India (8) 8 Seize — snatch (4) 9 Stopped (8) 11 Choose selectively from the best available (6-4) 14 Reach one’s destination (6) 15 Recess (6) 17 Sensible (2-8) 20 Church service late in the day (8) 21 Part of a stairway (4) 22 Galaxy containing our solar system (5,3) 23 Slender (4)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Sudoku no 2319
8 10 11
12 14 16 17 18 20 19 21 15
1 3 8 4 7 5
7 9 8
2 4 5 6 7 9 1 2 8 5
1 Conjuror (8) 22 2 Non-professionals (8) 4 Brusque (6) 5 Dumbfounded (10) 18 Division of the school 6 American Jewish year (4) novelist, Philip, b. 1933 19 Duck — dark greenish(4) blue (4) 7 Kerfuﬄe (2-2) Stuck? For help call 0906 751 0039 or text GUARDIANQ followed by a space, the day and 10 Hitherto (10) date the crossword appeared another space and 12 First-rate (3-5) the CLUE reference to 85010 (e.g GUARDIANQ Calls cost 13 Boy who never grew up Wednesday24 Down20).from other 77p a minute from a BT Landline. Calls networks may vary and mobiles will be considerably higher. (5,3) Texts cost 50p a clue plus standard network 16 Part of the eye (6) charges. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0844 836
9769 for customer service (charged at local rate, 2p a min from a BT landline).
2 6 9 4
Medium. Fill the grid so that each row, column and 3x3 box contains the numbers 1-9. Printable version at guardian.co.uk/sudoku
Solution no 13,240
C AMP ANO L OG I S T Q I A E E O GU L P S YNONYMS A I T T E E GRATU I TOUS I E I M HUS S AR K I SME T S P I L I NC I NERATE H N L G E D V A G A B O N D A V OW L C G O R W O F T H E S AMEM I ND
Solution to no 2318
9 2 6 4 1 5 7 8 3 5 7 4 3 8 9 1 2 6 8 3 1 7 6 2 9 5 4 6 8 2 9 7 4 3 1 5 4 5 9 1 3 6 8 7 2 7 1 3 2 5 8 6 4 9 3 9 7 5 4 1 2 6 8 2 6 5 8 9 7 4 3 1 1 4 8 6 2 3 5 9 7
Stuck? For help call 0906 751 0036. Calls cost 77p a minute from a BT Landline. Calls from other networks may vary and mobiles will be considerably higher. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0844 836 9769 for customer service (charged at local rate, 2p a min from a BT landline). Free tough puzzles at www.puzzler. com/guardian
24 The Guardian 16.10.12
Want more? Access over 4,000 archive puzzles at guardian.co.uk/crossword. Buy all four Guardian quick crosswords books for only £20 inc UK p&p (save £7.96). Visit guardianbooks.co.uk or call 0330 333 6846.
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