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EarthFix CWA Survey 2012 PDF

EarthFix CWA Survey 2012 PDF

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239 NW 13th Ave., #205 Portland, OR 97209 503.220.0575 www.dhmresearch.

com @DHMresearch

1. Survey Collaborators The EarthFix survey collaboration includes local public radio stations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington, and DHM Research. 2. Referencing DHM Research All website and on-air references as: Davis, Hibbitts & Midghall or DHM Research. DHM Research is an independent and non-partisan public opinion research and consultation firm based in Portland, Oregon. 3. Research Methodology This quantitative research involved a statewide online survey of the Northwest’s general population, age 18+ conducted between July 9 and July 14, 2012. The sample size was 1,200. Four hundred respondents were selected from each state (as a stratified versus proportional sample). The data are reported based on the total sample and broken out for each state. The data for the total sample is weighted to reflect the proportional percentage of population that each state contributes to the Northwest. Quotas and weighting techniques standard to research were used to assure that the findings reflect the demographics of the population in each state. 4. Statement of Limitations Any sampling of opinions or attitudes is subject to a margin of error, which represents the difference between a sample of a given population and the total population (here, residents in the Northwest). For a sample size of 1,200, if the respondents answered 90% one way and 10% the other, the margin would be +/- 1.7%. If they answered a particular question in the proportion of 50% each way the margin of error would be +/-2.8%. For the state sample sizes of 400, the 90% and 50% margins of error are +/- 2.9% and +/-4.9%. 1 In gathering responses, DHM Research employed a variety of quality control measures, including questionnaire pre-testing and monitoring interviews.

                                                                                                                       
1

 The  reason  for  the  differences  lie  in  the  fact  that  when  response  categories  are  relatively  even  in  size,  each  is  numerically  smaller  and  thus  slightly  less  able-­‐on  a   statistical  basis-­‐  to  approximate  the  larger  population.  These  plus-­‐minus  error  margins  represent  differences  between  the  sample  and  total  population  at  a   confidence  interval,  or  probability,  calculated  to  be  95%.  This  means  that  there  is  a  95%  probability  that  the  sample  taken  for  this  study  would  fall  within  the  stated   margins  of  error  if  compared  with  the  results  achieved  from  surveying  the  entire  population.    

1
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey July 9 – July 14, 2012; N=1,200 (N=400 ID, OR, WA) Ages 18+ using an online panel of residents 10 Minutes; Margin of error +/- 2.8% for Total; +/- 4.9% for State DHM Research Below is a list of environmental issues in your community. Indicate how much you worry about each one (randomize list) A great A fair Only a Not at Don’t Response Category deal amount little all know 1. The quality of your drinking water Total, N=1200 31% 29% 23% 15% 2% Idaho, N=400 31% 24% 27% 16% 2% Oregon, N=400 36% 25% 19% 17% 2% Washington, N=400 29% 32% 25% 14% 1% 2. The health of local rivers, streams, and lakes Total, N=1200 24% 40% 26% 8% 2% Idaho, N=400 26% 32% 29% 11% 2% Oregon, N=400 26% 41% 22% 10% 2% Washington, N=400 22% 41% 28% 7% 3% 3. The air quality in your community Total, N=1200 21% 30% 29% 17% 2% Idaho, N=400 23% 27% 30% 17% 4% Oregon, N=400 22% 32% 25% 19% 2% Washington, N=400 20% 30% 32% 15% 2% 4. Industrial pollution Total, N=1200 16% 30% 32% 19% 3% Idaho, N=400 14% 27% 31% 24% 5% Oregon, N=400 18% 30% 29% 21% 2% Washington, N=400 16% 31% 34% 16% 3% 5. Agricultural pollution Total, N=1200 12% 27% 36% 21% 4% Idaho, N=400 12% 28% 31% 23% 6% Oregon, N=400 11% 27% 38% 22% 2% Washington, N=400 13% 27% 36% 20% 4% 6. The health of area forests Total, N=1200 19% 35% 30% 14% 3% Idaho, N=400 18% 33% 31% 15% 3% Oregon, N=400 20% 35% 27% 16% 1% Washington, N=400 19% 34% 31% 13% 3%

2
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

7.

Which of these are you most worried about?
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

Response Category The quality of your drinking water The health of local rivers, streams, and lakes The air quality in your community Industrial pollution Agricultural pollution The health of area forests 8.

35% 24% 17% 11% 5% 9%

34% 24% 22% 5% 4% 11%

36% 23% 17% 11% 3% 9%

34% 24% 15% 13% 6% 9%

All things considered, how would you rate the water quality in [state]? [skip to Q10 if excellent or good]
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

Response Category Excellent Good Fair Poor Don’t know 9.

25% 57% 14% 2% 2%

17% 65% 12% 4% 2%

32% 55% 10% 1% 2%

23% 56% 17% 2% 2%

(If fair or poor to Q8) Why do you rate the water quality as fair/poor? (open)
Total N=198 Idaho N=64 Oregon N=45 Washington N=78

Response Category Contains pollutants/Water is dirty Dislike taste Middle of the road/room for improvement Bad/declining quality-general Contains chlorine Contains chemicals/additives Inconsistency in water quality Hard water/too many minerals Prefer filtered or bottled water-general All other responses None/nothing Don’t know

27% 21% 11% 7% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 3% or less 2% 21%

18% 29% 10% 2% 5% 4% 4% 14% 6% 4% or less 2% 19%

20% 23% 8% 13% 5% 6% 7% 3% 8% 11% or less 5% 12%

31% 18% 12% 5% 5% 4% 3% 5% 1% 2% or less 1% 24%

3
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

10. In the last 40 years would you say that water quality in [state] has improved greatly, improved somewhat, stayed about the same, declined somewhat, declined greatly, or don’t know? Response Category Improved greatly Improved somewhat Stayed the same Declined somewhat Declined greatly Don’t know
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

5% 26% 33% 14% 2% 20%

4% 19% 34% 15% 1% 27%

6% 28% 33% 11% 3% 19%

5% 27% 32% 15% 2% 20%

Below are different causes of water pollution. What is your best estimate of how much each of these contributes to the pollution of waterways in [state]? (Randomize list) A fair Only a Not at Don’t Response Category A lot amount little all know 11. Factories and industry dumping waste Total, N=1200 22% 37% 26% 6% 10% Idaho, N=400 15% 28% 28% 13% 16% Oregon, N=400 26% 35% 25% 4% 10% Washington, N=400 21% 41% 26% 5% 8% 12. Homeowners using chemicals and fertilizers on their lawns Total, N=1200 12% 36% 37% 7% 9% Idaho, N=400 11% 31% 37% 8% 14% Oregon, N=400 11% 33% 40% 8% 9% Washington, N=400 13% 39% 35% 5% 7% 13. Farmers and agricultural producers using chemicals and fertilizers on their fields Total, N=1200 20% 40% 27% 4% 9% Idaho, N=400 18% 37% 26% 6% 13% Oregon, N=400 20% 39% 28% 5% 9% Washington, N=400 21% 41% 27% 3% 8% 14. Runoff from large containment lots for cattle, pigs, and other animals Total, N=1200 13% 34% 34% 6% 12% Idaho, N=400 13% 33% 30% 9% 15% Oregon, N=400 15% 33% 35% 8% 9% Washington, N=400 12% 36% 35% 5% 12% 15. Discharge from sewage treatment plants Total, N=1200 15% 32% 34% 9% 11% Idaho, N=400 9% 25% 38% 12% 17% Oregon, N=400 20% 34% 29% 7% 10% Washington, N=400 13% 32% 36% 9% 10%

 

 

4
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

16. Untreated sewage dumped into waterways Total, N=1200 20% 31% 31% 7% 11% Idaho, N=400 11% 21% 37% 13% 18% Oregon, N=400 27% 32% 27% 5% 9% Washington, N=400 19% 33% 33% 6% 11% 17. Stormwater runoff from roads and hard surfaces, carrying motor oils, heavy metals, and animal waste Total, N=1200 21% 41% 26% 4% 7% Idaho, N=400 11% 41% 28% 7% 13% Oregon, N=400 21% 41% 29% 3% 7% Washington, N=400 24% 42% 24% 3% 6% 18. Elevated water temperatures, caused by factors such as logging streamside trees, soil runoff, and taking water out of streams for human use Total, N=1200 11% 28% 39% 11% 11% Idaho, N=400 9% 22% 35% 19% 15% Oregon, N=400 13% 26% 38% 12% 12% Washington, N=400 10% 30% 42% 8% 10% 19. Chemicals used in common personal products, like prescription drugs, personal hygiene and beauty products, and laundry detergent Total, N=1200 12% 35% 35% 8% 9% Idaho, N=400 9% 30% 36% 10% 15% Oregon, N=400 14% 33% 35% 10% 9% Washington, N=400 12% 37% 36% 7% 8%

5
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

20. (Repeat list in same order. Include “Other” category with text box.) Which do you think is the greatest source of water pollution in [state]? Response Category Factories and industry dumping waste Homeowners using chemicals and fertilizers on their lawns Farmers and agricultural producers using chemicals and fertilizers on their fields Runoff from large containment lots for cattle, pigs, and other animals Discharge from sewage treatment plants Untreated sewage dumped into waterways Stormwater runoff from roads and hard surfaces, carrying motor oils, heavy metals, and animal waste Elevated water temperatures, caused by factors such as logging streamside trees, soil runoff, and taking water out of streams for human use. Chemicals used in common personal products, like prescription drugs, personal hygiene and beauty products, and laundry detergent Other Don’t know
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

18% 5% 14% 4% 5% 13% 25%

11% 6% 26% 8% 2% 8% 21%

19% 1% 12% 3% 9% 17% 20%

18% 6% 12% 3% 3% 12% 29%

4%

4%

7%

2%

9% 2% 2%

7% 3% 3%

8% 1% 2%

10% 2% 2%

A major contributor to water pollution is stormwater runoff, the rainwater that runs off hard surfaces, such as streets and parking lots, and carries things like motor oil, heavy metals, and animal waste. Below are a number of ways that experts agree would reduce stormwater pollution. Indicate if you would support or oppose each of the following. (Randomize list)
Strongly Somewhat Somewhat Strongly

Response Category support support Oppose Oppose 21.Require new housing developments to have more native vegetation Total, N=1200 26% 43% 14% 8% Idaho, N=400 21% 39% 18% 10% Oregon, N=400 27% 41% 14% 8% Washington, N=400 27% 46% 12% 7% 22.Provide tax incentives to homeowners who replace glass lawns with native vegetation Total, N=1200 21% 41% 17% 12% Idaho, N=400 17% 33% 21% 18% Oregon, N=400 25% 37% 15% 12% Washington, N=400 20% 46% 17% 10%

Don’t know

9% 12% 10% 7%

9% 10% 12% 7%

 

 

6
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

23.Change local development codes to encourage more multifamily housing, such as apartments and condominiums, rather than single family homes Total, N=1200 5% 17% 34% 34% 10% Idaho, N=400 3% 14% 31% 41% 10% Oregon, N=400 7% 19% 26% 34% 14% Washington, N=400 4% 17% 39% 33% 7% 24.Restrict the use of pesticides and fertilizers on residential property Total, N=1200 15% 35% 26% 16% 8% Idaho, N=400 11% 26% 31% 22% 10% Oregon, N=400 15% 33% 24% 18% 10% Washington, N=400 16% 38% 26% 13% 6% 25.Add local taxes and fees for pesticides and fertilizers to fund water protection programs Total, N=1200 12% 36% 22% 22% 8% Idaho, N=400 9% 32% 23% 26% 10% Oregon, N=400 14% 30% 22% 23% 11% Washington, N=400 12% 39% 22% 20% 7% 26.Prohibit washing cars on lawns and driveways Total, N=1200 5% 21% 35% 31% 8% Idaho, N=400 6% 14% 31% 36% 14% Oregon, N=400 5% 17% 33% 36% 9% Washington, N=400 5% 25% 37% 26% 6% 27.Toughen regulations on logging to protect rivers and streams, even if it means higher prices for timber products Total, N=1200 14% 36% 24% 17% 10% Idaho, N=400 12% 29% 25% 23% 12% Oregon, N=400 14% 33% 21% 20% 11% Washington, N=400 14% 39% 25% 13% 9% 28.Invest tax dollars in education campaigns to inform the public about what they can do to prevent pollution from stormwater runoff Total, N=1200 16% 45% 17% 13% 8% Idaho, N=400 17% 43% 13% 16% 11% Oregon, N=400 17% 43% 17% 12% 10% Washington, N=400 15% 47% 18% 14% 7%

7
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

29. Would you be willing to pay more for sewer services if it would improve the quality of your local waterways? Response Category No Net Yes Yes: 1-5% more Yes: 6-10% more Yes: 11-20% more Yes: 21% or more Don’t know
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

28% 60% 46% 11% 2% 1% 12%

34% 55% 41% 9% 2% 3% 12%

32% 57% 45% 9% 2% 1% 11%

24% 63% 47% 12% 2% 1% 13%

Here are the some basic types of infrastructure. Knowing that financial resources are limited, what priority should [state] give to repairing and upgrading each? (Randomize items) Response Category 30.Wastewater systems Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400 31.Drinking water systems Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400 32.Sewers Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400 33.Roads and bridges Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400 34.Garbage management Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400
Urgent priority High priority Medium priority Low priority Don’t know

12% 11% 15% 11% 18% 22% 22% 15% 8% 7% 9% 8% 22% 15% 25% 22% 5% 5% 6% 5%

38% 34% 38% 38% 43% 38% 39% 46% 31% 29% 31% 32% 38% 35% 38% 38% 27% 22% 23% 30%

37% 33% 34% 40% 28% 26% 28% 29% 47% 43% 44% 49% 32% 37% 29% 32% 47% 46% 45% 48%

8% 14% 7% 7% 6% 8% 7% 6% 8% 13% 9% 6% 6% 9% 5% 5% 17% 21% 22% 13%

5% 8% 6% 4% 5% 6% 4% 4% 6% 9% 6% 5% 3% 4% 3% 3% 5% 6% 5% 4%

 

 

8
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

35.Electric power grid Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400 36.School buildings Total, N=1200 Idaho, N=400 Oregon, N=400 Washington, N=400

11% 12% 10% 11% 14% 12% 16% 12%

31% 28% 29% 34% 32% 31% 36% 31%

40% 32% 43% 40% 37% 35% 34% 39%

12% 20% 11% 11% 13% 16% 10% 15%

6% 9% 7% 5% 4% 5% 4% 4%

37. In 2009, the American Society of Civil Engineers gave America’s wastewater infrastructure a D-minus grade. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that as a nation we are currently spending $13 billion annually to maintain wastewater system, but that it takes at least $19 billion annually to meet our projected needs. Knowing this, how high of a priority do you believe it should be to upgrade [state’s] wastewater infrastructure? (Urgent priority, high priority, medium priority, low priority, don’t know) Response Category Urgent priority High priority Medium priority Low priority Don’t know
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

14% 49% 30% 4% 4%

12% 45% 30% 6% 7%

19% 44% 28% 4% 5%

12% 52% 31% 4% 2%

9
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

38. The United States Clean Water Act was signed into law in 1972. It established federal regulations and water quality standards for the nation’s rivers, streams, lakes, wetlands, and other waterways. A major goal of the Clean Water Act was to stop the dumping of raw sewage into waterways. The vast majority of those discharges have been eliminated. However, many cities across the Pacific Northwest continue to dump raw sewage in violation of the law. With limited resources, cities have to prioritize how best to prevent and clean up water pollution. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is considering allowing cities that are now dumping raw sewage into waterways more time to halt the practice so that they can concentrate their efforts on preventing and cleaning up water pollution caused by stormwater runoff. Raw sewage is a more serious pollutant but it affects a relatively small volume of water, while stormwater runoff is a relatively less serious pollutant but it affects a much greater volume of water. With that background, would you support the EPA extending the deadline for cities to halt dumping raw sewage into waterways if they commit to spending the resources to prevent and clean up water from stormwater runoff?
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

Response Category Strongly support extending the deadline Somewhat support extending the deadline Somewhat oppose extending the deadline Strongly oppose extending the deadline Don’t know

11% 35% 24% 18% 13%

9% 33% 25% 14% 19%

13% 33% 21% 17% 16%

9% 37% 25% 19% 9%

Another goal of the Clean Water Act was to protect waterways from becoming excessively warm. Fish and plants native to the Pacific Northwest require generally cool water temperatures. Below are some reasons that temperatures in waterways can increase. For each, indicate how much you believe it contributes to increased water temperatures in [state]. (Randomize list) A great A fair Only a Not at Don’t Response Category deal amount little all know 39.Stormwater runoff that flows from warm surfaces, such as parking lots and roads in the summer, directly into waterways Total, N=1200 21% 39% 26% 5% 9% Idaho, N=400 18% 34% 28% 6% 14% Oregon, N=400 22% 36% 26% 6% 11% Washington, N=400 22% 41% 26% 4% 7% 40.Water released from wastewater treatment plants Total, N=1200 14% 40% 30% 5% 12% Idaho, N=400 11% 35% 31% 5% 18% Oregon, N=400 16% 42% 25% 4% 14% Washington, N=400 13% 40% 33% 5% 10% 10
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

A great A fair Only a Not at Don’t Response Category deal amount little all know 41.Water pooled in reservoirs behind dams Total, N=1200 7% 28% 41% 9% 15% Idaho, N=400 10% 30% 32% 10% 18% Oregon, N=400 10% 27% 37% 11% 16% Washington, N=400 5% 28% 46% 7% 13% 42.Water released into waterways from industry and power plants Total, N=1200 21% 41% 24% 3% 11% Idaho, N=400 18% 35% 23% 7% 17% Oregon, N=400 24% 41% 20% 3% 13% Washington, N=400 20% 43% 27% 2% 9% 43.Logging that removes trees and shade plants near waterways Total, N=1200 21% 36% 27% 6% 10% Idaho, N=400 17% 35% 24% 12% 13% Oregon, N=400 25% 32% 26% 6% 11% Washington, N=400 21% 39% 27% 5% 9% 44.Soil erosion from logging, agriculture and urban development, which causes muddy waterways that absorb more light and heat Total, N=1200 18% 40% 26% 5% 11% Idaho, N=400 17% 33% 27% 8% 16% Oregon, N=400 20% 33% 27% 7% 13% Washington, N=400 17% 45% 25% 4% 8%

11
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

45. When the Clean Water Act was passed forty years ago, it set regulations for many common chemicals that were dangerous to waterways and public health. Since then, innumerable new chemicals have been created in laboratories and introduced to commercial products. Considering that, which of the following statements comes closest to your opinion? (rotate statements) Response Category A. Before being used commercially, all new chemicals should be rigorously tested by the government to ensure they are safe for the environment and have minimal impact on water quality, even if this increases the cost and the time it takes before the chemicals come to market. B. The development of new chemicals is important to keeping our manufacturing, technology, and pharmaceutical firms competitive. We should not slow down advancements with unreasonable government regulations. Companies that develop and use new chemicals should be responsible for testing their products to ensure they are safe for the environment and have minimal impact on water quality. Neither Don’t know
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

52%

50%

53%

52%

24%

27%

24%

24%

8% 15%

8% 15%

7% 16%

9% 15%

12
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

Switching to a new topic, as you may be aware, there are at least six proposals to export coal to Asia from ports in Oregon and Washington. The coal would come from mines in Montana and Wyoming and would be transported through the Pacific Northwest by rail and barge. 46. Do you support or oppose transporting coal through the Pacific Northwest and exporting it to other countries from ports in Oregon and Washington? (strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, strongly oppose, don’t know) Response Category Strongly support Somewhat support Somewhat oppose Strongly oppose Don’t know
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

16% 39% 16% 11% 17%

16% 36% 18% 9% 21%

18% 37% 16% 11% 18%

16% 41% 15% 12% 16%

Below are concerns that some people have about these proposals to transport coal through the Pacific Northwest and export it from ports in Oregon and Washington. For each, indicate your level of concern. (Randomize items) Response Category 47.Coal is a valuable American resource. We should not be exporting it to foreign countries Total, N=1200 16% 28% 30% 17% 9% Idaho, N=400 19% 30% 23% 16% 11% Oregon, N=400 16% 24% 30% 19% 11% Washington, N=400 16% 31% 31% 15% 7% 48.We should be encouraging other nations to develop clean energy sources rather than selling them coal, which is a major contributor to climate change Total, N=1200 25% 35% 20% 12% 8% Idaho, N=400 27% 28% 19% 15% 11% Oregon, N=400 24% 35% 20% 12% 9% Washington, N=400 26% 37% 20% 12% 6% 49.Our rail system is already congested. Transporting coal by rail will cause further delays and increase shipping time for other goods. Total, N=1200 7% 20% 41% 23% 8% Idaho, N=400 4% 19% 38% 27% 11% Oregon, N=400 9% 18% 37% 26% 11% Washington, N=400 7% 22% 44% 21% 7% 50.There will be increased railroad traffic in local communities Total, N=1200 8% 23% 38% 24% 7% Idaho, N=400 5% 19% 37% 30% 10% Oregon, N=400 10% 18% 38% 24% 9% Washington, N=400 8% 27% 38% 22% 5%
Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not too concerned Not at all concerned Don’t know

13
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

51.Coal dust from barges and railroad cars is an environmental and public health risk Total, N=1200 18% 34% 27% 12% 8% Idaho, N=400 15% 27% 31% 16% 10% Oregon, N=400 21% 31% 27% 11% 10% Washington, N=400 18% 38% 26% 11% 7% 52. Which are you most concerned about? Response Category Coal is a valuable American resource. We should not be exporting it to foreign countries We should be encouraging other nations to develop clean energy sources rather than selling them coal, which is a major contributor to climate change Our rail system is already congested. Transporting coal by rail will cause further delays and increase shipping time for other goods. There will be increased railroad traffic in local communities Coal dust from barges and railroad cars is an environmental and public health risk Other None, I don’t have any concerns DEMOGRAPHICS 53. Gender Response Category Male Female 54. What is your age? Response Category 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65+
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400 Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400 Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

17%

26%

15%

16%

34%

27%

33%

36%

4%

2%

4%

4%

4% 22% 2% 17%

2% 16% 3% 25%

4% 23% 3% 18%

4% 23% 2% 15%

48% 52%

48% 52%

48% 52%

48% 52%

11% 20% 11% 27% 17% 14%

12% 21% 13% 24% 19% 12%

10% 20% 14% 24% 17% 15%

11% 20% 10% 29% 17% 13%

14
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

55. What is the highest level of education you have had the opportunity to complete? Response Category 8th grade or less Some high school High school graduate or GED Some college/2-year degree 4 year college degree Post-graduate degree
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

0% 3% 36% 35% 14% 13%

1% 1% 40% 35% 13% 9%

0% 4% 36% 34% 13% 13%

0% 2% 35% 35% 14% 14%

56. Which category best describes your 2011 gross household income, before taxes? Remember to include everyone living in your household. Your best estimate will do. Response Category Less than $24,999 $25,000-$49,999 $50,000-$74,999 $75,000-$99,999 $100,000-$149,999 $150,000 or more
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

14% 23% 22% 20% 15% 5%

19% 28% 20% 19% 11% 4%

14% 26% 23% 17% 15% 4%

13% 21% 22% 23% 16% 6%

57. Do you have any children under age 18 in your home? Response Category Yes No 58. How long have you lived in [state]? Response Category 0-2 years 3-5 years 6-10 years 11-20 years 21 years or more
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400 Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

25% 75%

31% 69%

22% 78%

25% 75%

3% 6% 10% 20% 60%

6% 10% 14% 24% 46%

4% 5% 11% 19% 62%

3% 6% 9% 19% 63%

59. Are you of Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino origin? Response Category Yes No Refused
Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

3% 96% 1%

5% 95% 0%

1% 98% 1%

4% 96% 1%

15
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

60. Which of the following best describes your ethnicity? Response Category White/Caucasian African American/Black Hispanic/Latino Asian/Pacific Islander Native American/Alaskan Native Two or more races/other 61. Are you currently registered to vote? Response Category Yes No Don’t know 62. Do you own or rent your home? Response Category Rent Own 63. Area of State (From sample) Response Category Oregon Tri-County Willamette Valley Rest of State Washington King County Western Washington Eastern Washington Idaho Boise Metro Northern Idaho Eastern Idaho
Total N=1200 Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400 Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400 Total N=1200 Idaho N=400 Oregon N=400 Washington N=400

89% 1% 1% 6% 1% 3%

93% 0% 2% 1% 3% 1%

90% 1% 0% 6% 0% 3%

88% 1% 1% 7% 1% 3%

87% 12% 1%

77% 22% 1%

89% 10% 1%

89% 11% 0%

31% 69%

24% 76%

36% 64%

29% 71%

43% 27% 30% 31% 48% 21% 54% 22% 24%

16
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

Thank you for participating in this survey! This survey is being conducted for EarthFix. EarthFix is a public media project of Oregon Public Broadcasting and Boise State Public Radio, Idaho Public Television, KCTS 9 Seattle, KUOW Puget Sound Public Radio, Northwest Public Radio and Television, Southern Oregon Public Television, and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. EarthFix reporters are interested in following up with some survey respondents to further discuss the issues addressed in this survey. If you’re willing to be contacted by an EarthFix reporter, please enter your first name and phone number below. 64. Name 65. Phone number 66. Email address

17
DHM Research | EarthFix Clean Water Act Survey, July 2012

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