01.

0
172.16.1.0

1010100
10001111100
1011100101011100
101100011101001
1011110100011010
00001010010110010
1001010101100111
1111010101000101
1101001101010011
001010010101010
1010101000110010
010101001011000
110101100011010
11010100001011
001010100110
1001010010

VLSM

Variable-Length Subnet Mask

Workbook
Version
Version1.0
1.0

Instructor’s Edition

192.168.10.0
192.168.10.96

192.168.10.126

10.250.1.0

172.31.15.0

IP Address Classes
Class A

1 – 127

(Network 127 is reserved for loopback and internal testing)
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000000
Leading bit pattern
0
Network .
Host
.
Host
.
Host

Class B

128 – 191

Leading bit pattern

10

10000000.00000000.00000000.00000000

Class C

192 – 223

Leading bit pattern

110

11000000.00000000.00000000.00000000

Class D

224 – 239

(Reserved for multicast)

Class E

240 – 255

(Reserved for experimental, used for research)

Network .

Network .

Network .

Network

Host

. Network

.

.

Host

Host

Private Address Space
Class A

10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255

Class B

172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255

Class C

192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255

Default Subnet Masks
Class A

255.0.0.0

Class B

255.255.0.0

Class C

255.255.255.0

This workbook assumes you already have a background in subnetting. If you don’t you may
want to consider completing the IP Addressing and Subnetting Workbook.
Produced by: Robb Jones
jonesr@careertech.net
Frederick County Career & Technology Center
Cisco Networking Academy
Frederick County Public Schools
Frederick, Maryland, USA
Special Thanks to Melvin Baker and Jim Dorsch
for taking the time to check this workbook for errors.

Instructors (and anyone else for that matter) please do not post the Instructors version on public websites.
When you do this your giving everyone else worldwide the answers. Yes, students look for answers this way.
It also discourages others; myself included, from posting high quality materials.
Inside Cover

VLSM is supported by Cisco.0 256 Hosts 1 Subnet 0 255 1 . To use supernet you must also configure IP classless routes.255. OSPF. Dual IS-IS. If you use a class C address with a default subnet mask you end up with one subnet containing 256 addresses. The same rules apply to a class A or B addresses.255. BGP-4. and EIGRP. Then configure the subnet masks of the various interfaces in the IP address interface sub-command. The whole square is a single subnet comprised of 256 addresses. You need to configure your router for Variable Length Subnet Masking by setting up one of these protocols. Start with a square. /24 255. The Box Method The box method is the simplest way to visualize the breakdown of a range of addresses into smaller different sized subnets.What is VLSM Variable Length Subnet Masks allow you a much tighter control over your addressing scheme. By using VLSM you can adjust the number of subnets and number of addresses depending on the specific needs of your network.

255.255.192 64 Hosts 4 Subnets Split each individual square and you get eight subnets with 32 addresses.255.255.224 32 Hosts 8 Subnets 2 191 128 63 96 95 255 160 159 192 127 191 224 223 255 .255. 0 128 /25 255. 255 127 0 128 63 /26 255. 64 192 127 0 32 31 64 /27 255.255.Split the box in half and you get two subnets with 128 addresses.128 128 Hosts 2 Subnets Divide the box into quarters and you get four subnets with 64 addresses.

255.Split the boxes in half again and you get sixteen subnets with sixteen addresses.252 4 Hosts 64 Subnets 32 24 20 119 11 12 63 104 239 240 103 111 199 207 321 239 112 120 208 216 240 248 95 3 4 55 96 88 47 56 31 71 207 128 39 48 72 80 40 191 224 208 127 32 24 159 111 95 175 176 192 112 16 /29 255.255.255.255. 0 128 32 15 16 47 48 /28 255.255.240 16 Hosts 16 Subnets The next split gives you thirty two subnets with eight addresses. 79 87 0 8 7 16 19 64 68 96 79 83 84 159 200 183 224 191 232 215 223 136 247 160 255 168 135 143 167 175 144 152 176 184 59 147 155 179 187 148 156 180 188 151 192 159 200 183 224 191 232 107 195 203 227 235 108 196 204 228 236 103 111 199 207 321 239 112 120 208 216 240 248 91 92 87 151 47 63 104 99 100 88 168 131 139 163 171 132 140 164 172 60 55 75 71 160 135 143 167 175 144 152 176 184 128 56 51 31 76 80 39 52 72 136 255 43 44 48 27 67 40 36 28 223 192 127 35 15 23 /30 255. You can use these squares in any combination to fit your addressing needs.255. 79 8 0 7 15 23 64 The last split gives sixty four subnets with four addresses each.248 8 Hosts 32 Subnets 63 96 80 143 144 31 64 160 115 123 211 219 243 251 116 124 212 220 244 252 95 119 127 215 223 247 255 3 .

10. color or shade the sub-subnets used in the box.10.64/27 220.10. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.10.0/26 Color in the squares used with different shades to highlight each subnet. 128 0 63 64 96 95 4 127 255 . Marketing Department 60 Hosts Research Department 28 Hosts LAN Address: LAN Address: 220.10.0. Remember to start with your largest groups first.10.VLSM Addressing (Sample) Problem 1 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks. This business will be using the class C address 220.

168.16.228/30 Baltimore 60 Hosts Frederick 20 Hosts LAN Address: LAN Address: 192.192/27 192.168. Remember to start with your largest groups first.168. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.VLSM Addressing (Sample) Problem 2 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks.224/30 WAN Address #2: 192. This company will be using the class C address 192. 120 Hosts WAN Address #1: 192.16.168.128/26 Color in the squares used with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet. LAN Address: 192.168.0/25 Washington D.C.16.16.16. color or shade the sub-subnets used in the box. 0 128 191 224 192 232 227 228 321 239 240 127 223 255 5 .16.168.0.

10. LAN Address: 192.64/27 Color in the squares used with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet.96/30 Ft.VLSM Addressing Problem 3 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks.10. 60 Hosts WAN Address #1: 192. color or shade the sub-subnets used in the box. This company will be using the class C address 190.10. 0 128 63 96 64 104 99 100 103 112 95 6 111 127 255 . Remember to start with your largest groups first.10.10.0. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.10.0/26 Dallas.10.10. Worth 25 Hosts LAN Address: 192.

108.38.228/30 Houston 120 Hosts Waco 50 Hosts LAN Address: LAN Address: 220.38.128/26 220.108. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.38. color or shade the sub-subnets used in the box.38.108.108.108.108.0/25 Color in the squares used with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet. This company will be using the class C address 220.224/30 WAN Address #2: 220. 0 8 3 4 32 11 12 7 16 36 15 24 19 20 64 72 96 71 100 79 88 83 84 59 147 155 179 187 148 156 180 188 151 192 159 200 183 224 191 232 107 195 203 227 235 108 196 204 228 236 103 111 199 207 321 239 112 120 208 216 240 248 91 92 87 168 135 143 167 175 144 152 176 184 63 104 99 160 47 60 55 75 76 80 51 136 131 139 163 171 132 140 164 172 56 52 31 67 68 39 27 128 43 44 48 28 23 40 35 115 123 211 219 243 251 116 124 212 220 244 252 95 119 127 215 223 247 255 7 .38. Remember to start with your largest groups first.192/27 Corpus Christi 25 Hosts WAN Address #1: 220.38. LAN Address: 220.0.VLSM Addressing Problem 4 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks.

0/25 New York 115 Hosts LAN Address: WAN Address #2: 192. This company will be using the class C address 192.10.224/28 192.168.VLSM Addressing Problem 5 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks.10.10.10.0. color or shade the subsubnets used in the box.128/26 Color in the squares used with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet.168.10.10.10. WAN Address #1: LAN Address: 192.244/30 San Jose LAN Address: 192.168.240/30 192.192/27 Fargo 23 Hosts 12 Hosts 48 Hosts LAN Address: 192.168.168.168.168. Remember to start with your largest groups first. 0 8 3 4 12 7 16 15 19 64 72 96 71 100 79 88 83 84 91 92 87 168 135 143 167 175 144 152 176 184 59 147 155 179 187 148 156 180 188 63 104 99 160 47 60 55 75 76 80 51 136 131 139 163 171 132 140 164 172 56 52 31 67 68 39 27 128 43 44 48 28 23 40 35 36 24 20 8 32 11 151 192 159 200 183 224 191 232 107 195 203 227 235 108 196 204 228 236 103 111 199 207 321 239 112 120 208 216 240 248 115 123 211 219 243 251 116 124 212 220 244 252 95 119 127 215 223 247 255 . Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.

124/30 Boston London LAN Address: 6 Hosts 222. WAN Address #1: WAN Address #2: 222.112/29 24 Hosts 37 Hosts LAN Address: 222.10.150.64/27 LAN Address: 12 Hosts LAN Address: 222.0/26 Draw the necessary lines and color in the used squares with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet.10. 0 32 31 64 128 63 160 159 192 96 191 224 111 112 95 120 123 124 119 127 223 255 9 . Remember to start with your largest groups first.150. color or shade the subsubnets used in the box.150.10.10.96/28 222.150.VLSM Addressing Problem 6 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks.150.10. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.10. This company will be using the class C address 222.10.150.120/30 222.0.150.

150.70. 32 0 128 47 48 31 63 64 191 192 71 127 10 255 .150.150.64/29 LAN Address: 12 Hosts 200.0.48/28 14 Hosts LAN Address: 200. Remember to start with your largest groups first. LAN Address: 200. color or shade the sub-subnets used in the box.150.0/27 Boston 25 Hosts LAN Address: 6 Hosts 200.70.70.VLSM Addressing Problem 7 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.32/28 Draw the necessary lines and color in the used squares with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet.70.150.70. This company will be using the class C address 200.

168.0.168.168.24. color or shade the sub-subnets used in the box. This company will be using the class C address 192.240/30 34 Hosts London LAN Address: 192.0/25 LAN Address: 192.24. Show the subnet address and subnet mask in the boxes below.168.24. 128 0 191 192 224 239 240 243 127 223 255 11 .224/28 Draw the necessary lines and color in the used squares with different shades to highlight each sub-subnet.168. LAN Address: WAN Address #1: 192.24.VLSM Addressing Problem 8 Using the network diagram and information given create an addressing scheme which utilizes variable-length subnet masks.24.168. Remember to start with your largest groups first.128/26 192.24.192/27 18 Hosts 95 Hosts 12 Hosts LAN Address: 192.

168.2.168.159 192.198 192.64 192.168.97 192.192 192.184 192.65 192.174 192.2.2.206 Broadcast Address 192. There will be three computer labs with 30 computers each that need to be on different sub-subnets.168.168.0/24.96 192. Complete the information required below.168.168.2.2. Forty eight classrooms with one computer each that will comprise a single sub-subnet.0 192. Plan for four more mini labs with six computers to each sub-subnetwork.168.2.2.168.2.168.200 Subnet Mask (/X) /26 /27 /27 /27 /28 /29 /29 /29 /29 First Usable Host 192.2.168.12 14 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Subnet Subnet Address 192.168.2.2.199 192.168.168.168.161 192.63 192.168.1 192. Problem 9 (Sample) VLSM Addressing .168.168.158 192.160 192.168.175 192.2.127 192.2.2.182 192.2.193 192.2.129 192.2.126 192.185 192.2.168.2.168.168.95 192.168. Remember to work from largest to smallest.62 192.190 192.168.2.2.168.168.2.2.2.2.2.183 192.168.168.128 192.176 192.168. The administrative office and guidance office contain a total of seven computers which will need to be grouped together.177 192.2.2.94 192.168.2.168.2.2.168.2. Divide the network using variable length subnet masks.168.2.2.207 You are developing a school network with the class C address 192.168.168.2.168.168.191 192.2.201 Last Usable Host 192.2.

64 220.55.80.80.55.55.32 220.55.1 220.78 220.0/24.80.80. Divide the network using variable length subnet masks. The marketing division will need 12 computers.13 14 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 220. 220.55.30 220.80.82 Broadcast Address 220.55.80.80.63 220.80.80.83 You are setting up a small business network with the class C address 220.62 220.80.55.55.55.80.0 220.80.55.80 Subnet Mask (/X) /27 /27 /28 /30 First Usable Host 220.81 Last Usable Host 220. Remember to work from largest to smallest.55. Management requires 19 computers. The reception area will need two computers.55.55.80.55.65 220.55.80. Problem 10 (Sample) VLSM Addressing . Complete the information required below. Research and development needs 27 computers.80.55.80.79 220.55.31 220.80.

Problem 11 VLSM Addressing .37.240 Subnet Mask (/X) /25 /26 /27 /28 /29 First Usable Host 222.34.247 You are setting up a medium sized network with the class C address 222.37.37. Remember to work from largest to smallest.37.126 222.34.34.34.34. Complete the information required below.37.34.37.37.193 222.37.0 222.37.37.14 14 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 222.223 222.224 222.37.34.34. Marketing needs 29 computers.37. Divide the network using variable length subnet masks.129 222.239 222.34.37.34.34.34.127 222.34.34.190 222.34.37.241 Last Usable Host 222. Management requires 60 computers.34.37.34.34. The reception area will need three computers.238 222.37.225 222. Research and development needs 110 computers.37.37.37.128 222.34.37.34.191 222.246 Broadcast Address 222.222 222.1 222. Bookkeeping will use 12 computers.34.37.0/24.192 222.

168.168.30 192. The Waco office needs 22 computers.33 192.168.1 192.15 14 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Subnet Subnet Address 192.10.168.38 192.10.40 192.51 192.10.168.54 Broadcast Address 192.168.168.168.168.32 192.55 A shipping company needs to set up its network across several locations.168. The Fargo office will need five computers.168.168.39 192.10.46 192.10.168.49 192.10.10.0 192.10. Using the IP address 192.10.0/24 divide the network using VLSM.10.10.41 192.10. Remember to work from largest to smallest.168.10.10.10.10.168.47 192.52 Subnet Mask (/X) /27 /29 /29 /30 /30 First Usable Host 192.168.50 192.48 192.10.53 Last Usable Host 192.168.31 192.10.10. The Denver office needs six computers.10.10. Complete the information required below. The WAN links between all three locations need to be included in the solution.168.168.168. Problem 12 VLSM Addressing .168.

75.75.145.145.75.145.145.241 223.75.75.128 223.75.75.75.145.240 223.159 223.145.145. Setup the remaining addressing into one sub-subnet for future expansion.224 223.249 Last Usable Host 223. The office staff and administrators will need 7 computers.145.145.127 223.75.145.75.75.145.145.75.75.145.223 223.145.145.75.145. It will have three computer labs with 28 computers each.75.255 A new school is being built in the local school district.16 14 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 223.225 223.254 Broadcast Address 223.0 223.145. Remember to work from largest to smallest.145.145.238 223.247 223.0/24.75.158 223.248 Subnet Mask (/X) /25 /27 /27 /27 /28 /29 /29 First Usable Host 223.75.126 223.145.145.191 223.145.145.75.75.193 223. Complete the information required below.75.222 223.145.75.75. There will be 58 classrooms with 2 computers each that need to be on one sub-subnet.75.75.145. Problem 13 VLSM Addressing .145.145.160 223.145.239 223.192 223.75.161 223.190 223. The school has been given the address 223.1 223.75. The guidance and attendance office will have 5 computers.129 223.75.246 223.145.75.75.

168. There are 2 labs of 20 computers each.168.250.127 92.223 A local college is setting up a campus wide network.168.168.250.250.168.250.168.190 92. Remember to work from largest to smallest.250.168.168.94 92.168.168.168.129 92.222 Broadcast Address 92.250. 2 labs of 30 computers each and one lab of 35 computers.250.158 92.168.250.65 92.168. Complete the information required below.250.63 92.193 Last Usable Host 92.250.159 92.250.0/24.250.250.250.250.191 92.168.168.168.168.250.96 92.250.161 92. The office wing will include 15 computers.17 14 13 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 192.64 92.250.168. Problem 14 VLSM Addressing .250.168.97 92.250.160 92.168.250.168. The technology wing will be on its own network address of 192.62 92.250.168.168.95 92.126 92.192 Subnet Mask (/X) /26 /27 /27 /27 /27 /27 First Usable Host 92.1 92.250.250.128 92.250.0 92.168.168.

Complete the information required below using the class C address 192.216 192.0 192.10.168.168.226 Broadcast Address 192.168.10.168.190 192.168. Location C has 4 computers.127 192.168.168. There is a WAN connection between all four locations.10.168.168.168.10.10.0.10.126 192.10.168.10.10.168.10.168.168.10.219 192.1 192. Location A has 8 computers.10.10.10. Location B has 122 computers.168.10.168.218 192.168.168.10.215 192.209 192.191 192.168.217 192.168.10.168.206 192.10.224 Subnet Mask (/X) /25 /26 /28 /29 /30 /30 /30 First Usable Host 192.193 192.10.10.10.10.192 192.168.10.223 192.221 192.208 192. Remember to work from largest to smallest.128 192.10.18 14 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 192.10. Problem 15 VLSM Addressing .207 192.168.168.168.10.168.10.225 Last Usable Host 192.10.214 192.222 192.129 192. Location D has 55 computers.168.10.168.220 192.227 You are setting up a network for a company in four locations.168.

12.168.175 A college dormitory is being remolded.158 192.129 192. Work from largest to smallest.12.159 192. Using the IP address 192.12.168.12.168. Problem 16 VLSM Addressing .168.161 192. There are 50 dorm rooms with two drops each that will be on one sub-subnet.12.168.168.160 192.168.168.127 192.174 Broadcast Address 192.12.12.168.166 192.168.12.126 192.1 192.168. The reception desk will have three drops.128 192.19 14 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Subnet Subnet Address 192. The offices will have 5 drops.168.12.167 192.12.12.168 Subnet Mask (/X) /25 /27 /29 /29 First Usable Host 192. A new network is being installed.12. A small study hall will include 30 drops.168.12.0/24 complete the information required below using VLSM.0 192.168.169 Last Usable Host 192.12.168.12.168.12.168.12.

160.160.160.75. The marketing division will need 19 computers.160.75.111 219.75.160.20 14 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 219. Divide the network using variable length subnet masks.160.64 219. The reception area will need four computers.1 219.75.75.119 You are setting up a business network with the class C address 219.97 219.65 219. On the opposite page draw a detailed map of this network.160. Research and development needs 40 computers.160.75.75.160.75. Management requires 12 computers.110 219.112 Subnet Mask (/X) /26 /27 /28 /29 First Usable Host 219.75.160. One router with four ethernet ports will be used for this network.160.62 219.75.118 Broadcast Address 219. Include the sub-subnet IP addresses for each branch of the network with the subnet mask.0 219.63 219.94 219.75.75.75.75.160.160.0/24.75.96 219.160.160.95 219.160. Problem 17 VLSM Addressing .160.75.113 Last Usable Host 219.75.

255.112 to .255.255.248 Reception 4 Computers 219.255.255.75.160.255.160.224 Marketing 19 Computers 219.96 to .119 Management 12 Computers 219.240 255.Detailed Map .75.95 Research & Development 40 Computers 219.111 Problem 17 .255.63 255. 64 to .160.75.160 to .255.192 255.21 255.75.

128 195.5.5.160 195.20.20.20. The WAN links between all three locations need to be included.5.20. Using the IP address 195.20.20.5.20.20.5.127 195.20.126 195.20.5.158 195.20.5.5.191 195.20. On the opposite page draw a detailed map of this network.1 195.5.190 195.5.5. Complete the information required below.5.5.0/24 divide the network using VLSM.195 195.0 195.5.192 195.20. Problem 18 22 .20.5.20.20.5.161 195. The Trinidad office will need 18 computers. Include the sub-subnet IP addresses for each branch of the network with the subnet mask.VLSM Addressing 14 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Subnet Subnet Address 195. The San Jose office needs 66 computers.20. Work from largest to smallest.5. The New York branch office needs 15 computers.159 195.194 195.196 Subnet Mask (/X) /25 /27 /27 /30 /30 First Usable Host 195.193 195.198 Broadcast Address 195.197 Last Usable Host 195.199 A small company needs to set up its network across several locations. Label the WAN links with the same information.5.20.20.20.129 195.5.20.5.5.

128 66 Computers 195.23 255.128 to .5.0 to .196 to .20.191 255.199 Trinidad 195.224 Reception 4 Computers 195.20.195 San Jose Problem 18 .255.160 to .255.5.Detailed Map .20.5.255.252 255.127 255.192 to .255.255.255.20.224 Management 12 Computers 195.20.5.5.255.255.255.159 255.255.252 New York 195.

255.046 4.048 1.248.128.304 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 126 254 510 1.194.240.190 4.255.Class A Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Subnet Mask 255.046 1.224 255.248 255.255.194.190 4.252.096 8.0.240.255.046 1.382 32.255.248 255.766 65.768 65.255.255.252.255.255.022 2.255.192.224.304 2.255.094 8.255.0 255.0 255.255.152 4.0 255.248.0 255.255.255.255.150 4.094 2.150 1.248 255.094 8.152 1.255.0 255.0 255.048.240 255.766 16.255.240 255.048 4.255.255.0 255.255.534 131.190 16.248.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 .255.255.022 2.768 16.240.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1.0 255.072 65.094 2.255.255.536 32.144 131.255.255.144 524.254.255.302 2.255.070 65.255.255.255.288 262.534 32.0.022 510 254 126 62 30 14 6 2 Total # of Hosts 16.096 2.384 Usable # of Subnets 2 6 14 30 62 126 254 510 1.192 255.255.255.382 Class C Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 24 Subnet Mask 255.128 255.194.255.255.255.0 255.286 262.252.142 524.048.255.574 2.0 255.255.576 524.097.255.0 255.046 4.255.048 1.096 8.255.224.0 255.224 255.192 16.048 4.286 1.576 2.192 4.0 255.384 8.0 255.0.070 262.192 4.128 255.0.255.224 255.192.254.024 2.192 255.240 255.255.024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 16.288 1.0 255.0 255.255.048.384 8.022 510 254 126 62 30 14 6 2 Total # of Hosts 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 62 30 14 6 2 Class B Addressing Guide # of Bits Borrowed 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Subnet Mask 255.252 Total # of Subnets 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1.382 8.097.0 255.382 8.574 524.254.072 262.255.255.0 255.224.384 32.0 255.302 Total # of Hosts 4.255.536 131.255.096 2.0 255.192 16.024 2.194.0 255.192 255.097.255.024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 Usable # of Hosts 4.255.0.192.0.190 16.142 131.255.0 255.048.0.097.

255.252 4 Hosts 0-3 4-7 8-11 12-15 16-19 20-23 24-27 28-31 32-35 36-39 40-43 44-47 48-51 52-55 56-59 60-63 64-67 68-71 72-75 76-79 80-83 84-87 88-91 92-95 96-99 100-103 104-107 108-111 112-115 116-119 120-123 124-127 128-131 132-135 136-139 140-143 144-147 148-151 152-155 156-159 160-163 164-167 168-171 172-175 176-179 180-183 184-187 188-191 192-195 196-199 200-203 204-207 208-211 212-215 216-219 220-223 224-227 228-231 232-235 236-239 240-243 244-247 248-251 252-255 0-7 0-15 8-15 16-23 0-31 16-31 24-31 0-63 32-39 32-47 40-47 48-55 32-63 48-63 56-63 0-127 64-71 64-79 72-79 80-87 64-95 80-95 88-95 64-127 96-103 96-111 104-111 112-119 96-127 112-127 120-127 0-127 128-135 128-143 136-143 144-151 128-159 144-159 152-159 128-191 16-167 160-175 168-175 176-183 160-191 176-191 184-191 128-255 192-199 192-207 200-207 208-215 192-223 208-223 216-223 192-255 224-231 224-239 232-239 240-247 224-255 240-255 248-255 Inside Cover .192 64 Hosts 255.255.255.128 128 Hosts 255.255.255.248 8 Hosts 255.255.0 256 Hosts 255.240 16 Hosts 255.255.255.255.VLSM Chart 24-30 Bits /24 /25 /26 /27 /28 /29 /30 255.255.255.255.255.255.224 32 Hosts 255.

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